VIEWS: 19 PAGES: 16 POSTED ON: 11/12/2011
ZEUS God of the heavens and earth, ruler of weather, and giver of justice. Zeus Ruled over all with his lightning and thunderbolts. His symbols were the sharp-eyed eagle and the mighty oak tree. He was married to Hera, but had many affairs with other goddesses and mortals. HERA Goddess of marriage and married women. Hera was Zeus’ jealous wife. As a mother, her symbol was the cow. As a queen, she chose the peacock to remind mortals of her power. POSEIDON God of the sea and earthquakes. Poseidon was Zeus’ brother who lived mainly in an underwater kingdom. His symbols included a trident (three- pointed spear), dolphins, and horses. HADES God of the underworld. Hades could be identified by his bident (two-pointed spear), Cerberus (the three-headed dog), or the cypress tree. He guarded all of the dead and was also in charge of the gems, minerals, and wealth of the underworld. HEPHAESTUS God of blacksmiths, metalworkers, and other craftsmen. Hephaestus was the son of Zeus and Hera. The forge and anvil (metal-working tools) were his symbols. His favorite bird was the quail. APOLLO God of sunlight, truth, poetry, music, and healing. As the protector of single men, Apollo never married. A shrine of truth was dedicated to him at Delphi. Apollo’s symbols were the lyre and the laurel wreath. ARTEMIS Goddess of the moon, single women, hunting, and childbirth. Her symbols included a crescent moon crown, a stag, or a bow and arrows. She and her brother Apollo were known as the twins of light. HERMES God of trade, travel, and theft. He wore a winged cap and winged sandals. He carried a bag of money or a winged staff with two snakes around it. He was the messenger for the gods. DIONYSUS God of wine, parties, and drama. He is recognized by ivy or bunches of grapes, a wine cup, or a leopard. ATHENA Goddess of wisdom and war. Zeus’ daughter—born from his forehead! Symbols included armor and a spear, and an owl and olive tree. The most famous temple—the Parthenon—was dedicated to her. APHRODITE Goddess of love. Daughter of Zeus and Dione and wife of Hephaestus. Known for her beauty, she was also known to have affairs. Her symbols were the dove and the myrtle tree. ARES God of War. Zeus’ son. Also considered the avenger, the slayer, or the curse. His symbol was the spear. DEMETER Zeus’ sister. Goddess of the earth and agriculture. One symbol was the Cornucopia, and another symbol is a sheaf of wheat. She is invoked as the "bringer of seasons“. Demeter taught mankind the arts of agriculture: sowing seeds, plowing, harvesting, etc. Persephone Goddess of the underworld. She is the daughter of Zeus and Demeter, goddess of the harvest. HESTIA Goddess of home and hearth. She is the oldest of the three daughters of Rhea and Cronus, the sisters to three brothers Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades. EROS Playful god of love and the son of Aphrodite. Also known as Cupid in Roman mythology. winged boy or infant, with his bow and arrows in hand. two kinds of arrows: one was golden with dove feathers that caused instant love; the other was lead with owl feathers that caused indifference.
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