Learning Center
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out



									no pets are allowed, and allowing a tenant           Q: Are “adults only” communities allowed?              discriminatory intent, the agent is in violation of    Q: Is a real estate brokerage firm in violation         116 W. Jones St., Suite 2109, Raleigh, N.C. 27601.
with a serious heart condition to have a             A: No, unless they qualify for one of the two          the fair housing laws when discriminating against      of the fair housing laws if one of its employees        (Phone: 919/807‑4420). However, the complaint
reserved parking space close to the tenant’s         exemptions which allow for adults only housing         persons from one of the protected categories at the    or agents unlawfully discriminates?                     must be filed within one year after the alleged
apartment.                                           for elderly persons. [Note: There are numerous         direction of the owner or lessor. Likewise, an agent   A: Yes.                                                 violation occurred. The North Carolina Human
                                                     requirements which must be met to qualify for these    is in violation if he or she knows that members of                                                             Relations Commission will be glad to answer any
Q: If a landlord has available units which           exemptions. Contact the North Carolina Human           protected categories may be unlawfully rejected by     Q: Can a real estate agent answer questions             questions you may have.
are equipped for the handicapped, does a             Relations Commission for further details.] If a        the owner or lessor.                                   about the characteristics of a neighborhood                                                                                                Questions and Answers on:
handicapped person have to take one of
those units?
A: No. A landlord can advise a handicapped
                                                     housing complex qualifies for the elderly person
                                                     exemption, then it may discriminate based on
                                                     familial status only. It may not discriminate on the
                                                                                                                                                                   if the questions concern one of the protected
                                                                                                                                                                   A: No.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Q: What happens after I file a complaint?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           A: The NCHRC will investigate to determine
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           whether unlawful discrimination has occurred. If it
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              FAIR HOUSING
person of the availability of specially equipped     basis of any of the other protected categories.                                                                                                                       has, the NCHRC will attempt to eliminate or correct
units, but the handicapped person must be                                                                                                                          Q: Is it a violation of the fair housing laws to        the discriminatory practice by informal conference,
allowed to choose from any of the units which        Q: Can an owner or agent segregate families                                                                   deny an agent who is a member of a protected            persuasion, or conciliation. If it is unable to resolve
are available.                                       with children from other tenants?                                                                             category access to real estate related services?        the matter: (1) you may request a right‑to‑sue letter
                                                     A: No. A member of a protected category may not                                                               A: Yes. It is a violation of the fair housing laws      so that you may file a civil lawsuit; (2) the NCHRC
Familial Status                                      be assigned to a particular section of a community,                                                           to deny a qualified real estate agent access to or      may file a lawsuit for you; or (3) if neither of the
                                                     neighborhood or development, or to a particular        Q: What should a real estate agent do if he or         membership in any membership listing service,           two previous options is taken, an administrative
                                                     floor of a building, because of being a member of a    she finds out that the seller or landlord intends      real estate brokers’ organization or other service,     hearing may take place where a final decision on
Q: Can persons with children be denied                                                                                                                             organization, or facility relating to the business of
housing on that basis?                               particular category.                                   to discriminate against a member of a protected                                                                the matter will be made. If the NCHRC fails to find
                                                                                                            category?                                              selling or renting housing, because he or she is a      that discrimination has taken place, it will dismiss
A: No.    The fair housing laws protect a person     Q: Can a landlord or agent limit the number
who (1) has a child under the age of 18, (2)                                                                A: The agent should immediately terminate the          member of one of the protected categories.              the complaint and issue a right‑to‑sue letter.
                                                     of children allowed in a bedroom, or prohibit          agency relationship with the seller or landlord.
has legal custody of a child, (3) is designated      the sharing of bedrooms by children of the
                                                                                                            The agent should then send a letter to the seller
                                                                                                                                                                   Q: Can a violation of the fair housing law affect       Of course, you have the right to file a civil suit, at
by the parent to care for a child (provided that     opposite sex?                                                                                                 a real estate broker’s or salesman’s license?           your expense, at any time based on a violation of
                                                                                                            or landlord stating that the relationship has been
the designee has written permission from the         A: No. Although a landlord may set “occupancy          terminated and explaining why. Next, the agent
                                                                                                                                                                   A: Yes.   A violation of the fair housing laws is a     the fair housing laws without filing a complaint
parent), (4) is pregnant, or (5) is in the process   standards” for the number of people that will be                                                              violation of the North Carolina Real Estate License     with the NCHRC.
of obtaining legal custody of a child. However,                                                             should inform any other agents or other parties to
                                                     allowed to live in a unit, the standards should                                                               Law; therefore, it could result in suspension or
the fair housing laws do not protect persons                                                                the transaction that he or she no longer represents
                                                     not be based on the age or sex of the individuals.                                                            revocation of the agent’s license by the North
denied housing because they are single,                                                                     the seller or landlord.
                                                     [Note: The fair housing laws do not limit the                                                                 Carolina Real Estate Commission.
married, or living with someone.                     applicability of any reasonable local, State, or       Q: Can a real estate agent decline to show
                                                     Federal restrictions regarding the maximum number      property in a particular area because members
                                                                                                                                                                   Enforcement of the                                            The North Carolina Real Estate Commission
                                                     of persons permitted to occupy a housing unit.]        of a protected category reside in that area?
                                                                                                                                                                   Fair Housing Laws                                                           P.O. Box 17100
                                                                                                            A: No. This is steering, even if the buyer requests                                                                      Raleigh, North Carolina 27619-7100
                                                     Real Estate Agents and Fair Housing                    it. The real estate agent should inform the buyer      Q: What should I do if I suspect that I or                                   919/875-3700
                                                                                                            that he or she can show property based on any          someone else has experienced unlawful                                  Web Site:
                                                     Q: May a real estate agent discriminate at the         of the buyer’s other criteria, but not the presence    discrimination in a housing transaction?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           00,000 copies of this public document were printed at a cost of $0.000 per copy.
                                                     direction of the owner?                                or absence in the area of members of a protected       A: You may file a complaint or notify the North
                                                     A: No. Even if a real estate agent has no              category.                                              Carolina Human Relations Commission (NCHRC),                                      REC 3.30 4/1/11
Questions and Answers on:                             • Lodging owned or operated by private clubs              Interference, coercion, or intimidation                Q: Can a person other than the seller or landlord         Handicap                                                 on the tenant’s agreeing to restore the interior
FAIR HOUSING                                            which give preference to their members                  — Trying to limit the benefits of renting or buying    be guilty of violating the fair housing laws?                                                                      of the premises to the original condition if the
                                                      • Religious, charitable, or educational institutions or   housing in an area because the person is a member      A: Yes.    Anyone involved in the real estate             Q: What conditions are considered handicaps              modifications made by the handicapped tenant
                                                        organizations which are operated, supervised, or        of one of the protected categories. This includes      transaction who discriminates based on a protected                                                                 would interfere with the next tenant’s reasonable
     The purpose of the fair housing laws is to                                                                                                                                                                                  under the fair housing laws?
                                                        controlled by religious institutions or organiza‑       trying to coerce, threaten, intimidate, retaliate      category has violated the fair housing laws. For                                                                   use and enjoyment of the property. The landlord
protect a person’s right to own, sell, purchase,                                                                                                                                                                                 A: A handicapping condition exists if someone
                                                        tions that give preference in real estate trans‑        against, or interfere in any way with the use and      example, a local banker informs a real estate agent                                                                may also withhold permission until seeing a
or rent housing of his or her choice without fear                                                                                                                                                                                has a physical or mental impairment which
                                                        actions to their members, provided the                  enjoyment of housing.                                  that if the agent allows anyone else with kids to                                                                  description of the proposed modifications which
of unlawful discrimination. The fair housing laws                                                                                                                                                                                substantially limits one or more major life
                                                        organization does not exclude members of a                                                                     move into the neighborhood, the bank will not do                                                                   provides reasonable assurance that the modifications
are intended to allow everyone equal access                                                                                                                                                                                      activities. Some examples are: physical disability,
                                                        protected category                                                                                             business with the agent or the agent’s customers.                                                                  will be done in a workmanlike manner. [Note: All
to housing. State and Federal fair housing laws                                                                                                                                                                                  mental illness or retardation, cerebral palsy,
                                                      • Single‑sex dormitories                                                                                                                                                                                                            multifamily dwellings covered by the fair housing
prohibit discrimination in the housing market                                                                                                                                                                                    muscular dystrophy, cancer, heart disease, Human
on the basis of race, color, sex, religion,                                                                                                                            Q: Does an owner have to rent or sell to a                Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection or AIDS,          laws and ready for first occupancy after March 13,
national origin, handicap, or familial status.
                                                      Discriminatory Practices                                                                                         person just because he or she is in a protected           drug addiction (other than addiction caused by           1991, have to be designed and constructed so that
To discriminate against a person on the basis of                                                                                                                       category?                                                 current, illegal use of a controlled substance) and      few, if any, modifications will be necessary.]
his or her membership in one of these protected       Q: What are some common unlawful acts of                                                                         A: No. Owners may rent or sell to whomever                alcoholism. However, a landlord does not have to
categories is against the law.                        discrimination?                                                                                                  they choose as long as their decisions are not            rent to anyone, including a handicapped person,          Q: Can a landlord charge a higher security
     This pamphlet will focus primarily on the fair   A: Refusing to sell, rent or negotiate ‑ It is                                                                   based on the fact that a would‑be tenant or buyer         who would constitute a genuine, direct threat to         deposit to a handicapped person who makes
housing laws as they are applied in the State of      against the law to take any of the following actions                                                             is a member of a protected category. If someone           the health or safety of other tenants or whose           modifications to a rental unit?
                                                                                                                Discriminatory advertising — Advertising or            from a protected category becomes a tenant, the                                                                    A: No. However, if the nature of the modifications
North Carolina.                                       because a person is a member of one of the                making any statement which indicates directly                                                                    tenancy would result in substantial physical damage
                                                      protected categories:                                                                                            owner may hold that tenant to the same standard of        to the property of others.                               is such as would interfere with the next tenant’s
                                                                                                                or indirectly an intent to make a limitation,          performance and behavior as everyone else.                                                                         use and enjoyment of the property, and correction
                                                      • To refuse to engage in a real estate transaction        specification, or to discriminate with respect to
                                                      • To refuse to rent or sell housing                                                                                                                                                                                                 of the modifications would be especially costly, the
                                                                                                                members of one of the protected categories.            Q: Can landlords protect themselves from                                                                           landlord may, as part of a restoration agreement
                                                      • To discriminate in terms, conditions, or privileges
                                                         for the sale or rental of housing                      Blockbusting (also referred to as panic peddling)      complaints of discrimination when they reject                                                                      between the landlord and tenant, require the tenant
                                                      • To refuse to receive or fail to transmit a bona fide    — Trying, in a direct or subtle way, to scare          someone from a protected category?                                                                                 to pay into an interest‑bearing escrow account a
                                                         offer to engage in a real estate transaction           a person into moving out of a neighborhood             A: Yes. A landlord should have detailed standards                                                                  reasonable amount to cover restoration costs. The
                                                      • To indicate that housing is not available when it       by representing that a person from one of the          for deciding who is acceptable as a tenant and                                                                     tenant would be entitled to any interest which
                                                         actually is available                                  protected categories is considering or is in fact      who is not. However, these standards may not be                                                                    accrues on the escrow account.
Q: Do the fair housing laws apply to all              • To discriminate by providing different facilities or    moving into the neighborhood. For example,             based upon a prospective tenant’s membership in a         Q: Does a landlord have to allow a
housing transactions?                                    services                                               stating that the neighborhood would decline or         protected category. Such standards are particularly       handicapped person to make modifications                 Q: Does a landlord have to make other
A: Yes, except for the following limited exemp‑       • To refuse to negotiate for housing                      that the crime rate would increase if members of a     important in decisions to reject a tenant applicant       to a rental unit?                                        accommodations for a handicapped tenant?
tions:                                                                                                          protected category moved into the neighborhood         because of poor credit, and to place would‑be             A: Yes. A landlord must allow a handicapped              A: Yes. A landlord must make reasonable
• The rental of a unit in a multi‑family dwelling     Steering — Discouraging a person from seeking             would be unlawful.                                     tenants on a “waiting list.” The landlord should          person to make reasonable modifications to the           accommodations in rules, policies, practices, or
    with not more than four units where the           housing in a particular community, neighborhood,                                                                 then apply these standards equally to every tenant        existing premises as necessary for the full enjoyment    services as necessary to afford a handicapped
    owner (or a member of the owner’s family)         or development because the person is or is not a          Redlining — Being denied or subjected to stricter      applicant. If a waiting list is used, the landlord must   of the premises, such as widening doorways,              person equal opportunity to use and enjoy a
    lives in one of the units                         member of a protected category. For example, a real       conditions in applying for a loan on property in a     make sure that every applicant who is told that his       installing handrails, and installing wheelchair ramps.   housing unit, including public and common use
• The rental of a room or rooms in a private          estate agent shows a black person housing in pre‑         particular area because of the racial composition of   or her name will be placed on the list is indeed put      However, the handicapped person is responsible           areas; for example, allowing a visually‑impaired
    house where the owner (or a member of the         dominately black neighborhoods and a white person         the area, including loans to purchase, construct,      there and that, as an applicant’s name comes up, the      for the cost of the modifications. A landlord may        tenant to have an aid dog in a community where
    owner’s family) lives in the house                housing in predominately white neighborhoods.             improve, repair, or maintain housing.                  applicant is notified of this fact.                       condition permission to make modifications                                                       Continued

To top