4th 20Grade 20Skills 20Continuum by HC11111117039

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									                                                              3-5 Reading Skills Continuum



                    3rd grade                                             4th grade                                          5th Grade
                                                                         Print Concepts
Phonics                                                  Phonics                                            Phonics
Blends sound of letters to decode                        Apply letter/sound correspondence to decode new    Apply letter/sound correspondence to decode new
Decode words using consonants, consonant blends,         words                                              words
and consonant digraphs, short, long, r-controlled
vowels, vowel digraphs, diphthongs, common
vowel patterns, schwa

Context                                                   Context                                          Context
Use predictive language to predict upcoming words         Use context along with letter sound              Use context along with letter sound
and text                                                  Determine the meaning of unknown words on the    Determine the meaning of unknown words on the
Use context clues to identify the correct meaning as      basis of context                                 basis of context
the word is used.                                        Use context to interpret meaning of specialized   Make self-corrections when subsequent reading
Monitor own reading self-correcting                      vocabulary                                        indicates an earlier misreading
Make self-corrections when subsequent reading            Make self-corrections when subsequent reading     Self monitor comprehension and reread when
indicates an earlier misreading                          indicates an earlier misreading                   necessary
Confirm meaning adjusting pace of reading or            Self monitor comprehension and reread when
rereading to acquire meaning previewing text               necessary
selections
Apply self-correction strategies
- pictures
- syntax
- self-monitoring
- confirming meaning
- adjusting pace
- previewing text selections
Word Structure                                           Word Structure                                     Word Structure
Decode common word parts CVC, CVCe, CVVC,                Decode common word parts CVC, CVCe, CVVC,          Decode common word parts CVC, CVCe, CVVC,
other word patterns                                      other word patterns                                other word patterns
Apply knowledge of word structure to decode              Apply knowledge of word structure to decode        Apply knowledge of word structure to decode
unfamiliar words:                                        unfamiliar words:                                  unfamiliar words:
 - plurals                                                 - plurals                                          - plurals
 - verb tenses                                             - verb tenses                                      - verb tenses
 - possessives                                             - possessives                                      - possessives
 - comparatives/ superlatives (high, higher, highest)      - comparatives                                     - comparatives
 - contractions                                            - superlatives (high, higher, highest),            - superlatives (high, higher, highest),




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Recognize irregularly spelled words and such            - contractions                                        - contractions
spelling patterns as diphthongs, special vowel        Recognize and apply synonyms, antonyms, and         Apply knowledge of synonyms, antonyms, or
spellings and common word endings                     compound words to aid in comprehension              compound words to aid comprehension
Analyze words for meaning:                            Identify the root/base word, prefix, suffix         Identify the root/base word, prefix, suffix
- antonyms                                            Apply meanings of common prefixes and suffixes       Apply meanings of common prefixes and suffixes
- synonyms                                            to comprehend unfamiliar words                       to comprehend unfamiliar words
- compound words                                      Identify meaning of common root words to            Identify meaning of common root words to
Identify the root/base, word, prefix, suffix          determine meaning of unfamiliar words                  determine meaning of unfamiliar words
Use word parts to determine meaning
Dictionary Skills
Apply dictionary, glossary and thesaurus skills to
determine word meanings and alternate or more
precise vocabulary choices.
Fluency                                              Fluency                                              Fluency
Practice reading aloud fluently and with accuracy    Read aloud fluently and with accuracy focusing on:   Read aloud fluently and with accuracy focusing on:
focusing on:                                              - expression/ intonation                              - expression/ intonation
- expression/intonation                                   - pace/rate                                           - pace/rate
- pace/rate                                               - attention to punctuation and phrasing               - attention to punctuation and phrasing
- attention to punctuation and phrasing              Read with a rhythm, flow and meter that sounds       Read with a rhythm, flow and meter that sounds
                                                       like everyday speech                                  like everyday speech
                                                     Vocabulary                                           Vocabulary
                                                     Identify words that have multiple meanings            Identify words that have multiple meanings
                                                          - Homophones                                           - Homophones
                                                          - Homographs                                           - Homographs
                                                          - multiple meaning words                               - multiple meaning words
                                                     Determine the correct meaning as the word is used     Determine the correct meaning as the word is used
                                                     Determine meanings of words and alternate or more     Determine meanings of words and alternative word
                                                     precise word choices using a dictionary or            choices using a dictionary or thesaurus
                                                     thesaurus                                             Use vocabulary knowledge to enhance meaning
                                                     Use vocabulary knowledge to enhance meaning           - Use context to interpret meaning of specialized
                                                                                                              vocabulary
                                                                                                           - Create and use graphic organizers to group,
                                                                                                              study, and retain vocabulary
                                                                                                           - Use grade appropriate reference sources to learn
                                                                                                              word meanings (dictionary, glossary, thesaurus)




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Comprehension Strategies                      Comprehension
Self-monitor comprehension and reread when    Skim to get the general meaning of a passage.
necessary                                     Scan to find key information.
Prereading Comprehension                      Prereading Comprehension                                Prereading Comprehension
Use prior knowledge to predict                access prior knowledge                                  access prior knowledge
                                              make logical predictions                                make logical predictions
                                              make connections                                        make connections
                                              preview                                                 preview
                                              generate questions                                      generate questions
During Reading Comprehension                  During Reading Comprehension                            During Reading Comprehension
Construct sensory images                      generate literal and inferential questions for          generate literal and inferential questions for
Generate clarifying and literal questions     clarification                                           clarification
Locate and use text features                  construct sensory images                                construct sensory images
Use predictions to make sense of text.        use text features                                       Use text structure cues
Infer implicit facts                                                                                   - chronology
                                                                                                       - cause/effect
                                                                                                       - compare/contrast
                                                                                                       - description
                                                                                                       - classification
                                                                                                       - logical/sequential
                                                                                                      Make and check predictions
                                                                                                      Support with evidence from text
After Reading Comprehension                   After Reading Comprehension                             After Reading Comprehension
Identify and sequence important events        Summarize                                               Identify and explain the sequence of activities
Describe explicitly stated cause and effect   Make inferences                                         needed to carry out a procedure
relationships                                 Draw logical conclusions based on what is read          Summarize a variety of reading passages by
- Make inferences                             Identify and explain why the sequence is important      selecting the main ideas, events, or points
- Draw conclusions                            in both literary and informational texts               Make inferences
                                              Identify similarities and differences of characters,   Draw logical conclusions
                                              events and settings within or across selections        Use prior knowledge and text experiences to make
                                              Analyze and evaluate author’s use of setting, plot,    inferences, predictions, and logical conclusions
                                              character                                               Support conclusions using evidence from text
                                              Make judgments and inferences about characters,         Make judgments and inferences and support them
                                              setting and plot and support them with elaborating      with elaborating and convincing evidence from the
                                              and convincing evidence from the text                   text
                                              Make predictions and support with evidence from         Identify key ideas in a grade appropriate passage
                                              the text                                                Use information to state and support central/main




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                                                       Evaluate what is read based on the author’s word       idea
                                                       choice, content or use of literary elements            Connect information from a passage to students’
                                                       Use evidence from text to support inferences           lives (text-to-self), real world issues (text-to-world)
                                                       Analyze:                                               or other texts (text-to-text - e.g., novel, short story,
                                                         - text-to-text                                       song, film, website, etc.).
                                                         - text-to-self                                       Evaluate what is read based on author’s choice,
                                                         - text-to-world                                      content or use of literary elements
                                                       Provide text references/evidence to support            Respond to text using observations, speculations,
                                                       connections made between text-to-self, text-to         and reactions
                                                       texts, or texts-to-world                               Support choice with evidence from the text
                                                       Use Graphic Organizers                                 Identify and analyze author’s use of dialogue and
                                                       - charting                                             description
                                                       - mapping                                              Identify the organizational pattern used to
                                                       - webbing                                              understand the passage:
                                                                                                                 - sequence
                                                                                                                 - cause and effect
                                                                                                                 - comparison and contrast
                                                                                                              Recognize faulty reasoning and false premises in an
                                                                                                              argument
                                                                                                               Support explanation using evidence from the texts
                                                                          Story Elements
Characters                                             Characters                                             Characters
Recognize and describe traits, actions, feelings and   Identify main and supporting characters                Recognize and describe a character’s
 motives of characters                                 Recognize and describe traits, actions, feelings and   traits, actions, and motives
Compare/contrast characters                            motives of character                                    Analyze character relationships, changes, and
Analyze characters’ relationships, changes             Compare/contrast characters                             point of view
Analyze characters’ conflicts                          Analyze characters’ relationships, changes and
                                                       points of view
Plot                                                   Plot
Identify and sequence important events                 Identify and sequence important events
Write a summary of the story (beginning, middle,       Identify problem/solution
  and end)                                             Identify conflict in story
                                                       Identify rising action, climax, and falling action
                                                       Explain how a conflict in a passage is resolved.
                                                       (DOK 3)




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Setting                                          Setting
Identify and describe setting (time and place)   Identify and describe setting (time, place, historical
Compare/contrast settings within a story         perspective)
                                                 Compare/contrast settings across texts
                                                 Discuss impact of setting to a problem/solution
Problem/solution
Identify problem/ solution
Identify conflict in story
Literary Devices (Author’s craft)                Literary Devices                                         Literary Devices (Author’s Craft)
 - imagery                                       Identify literary devices such as                        Identify literary devices such as
 - figurative language                           - foreshadowing                                             -foreshadowing
 - similes                                       - imagery                                                   -imagery
 - personification                               - figurative language (similes, metaphors, and              -figurative language (similes, metaphors,
 - metaphors                                        personification)                                         personification, hyperbole).
                                                 - flashback                                                 -flashback
                                                 - dialogue.                                                 -dialogue
                                                 - exaggeration                                              -rhyme
                                                                                                             -alliteration
                                                                                                             -sensory images
                                                                                                             -simile
                                                                                                             -description
                                                                                                             -dialogue
Identify organizational pattern of text          Use organizational pattern of text -chronology           Use organizational pattern of text
 - Sequence                                      -cause/effect                                            -chronology
 - Cause and effect                              -compare/contrast                                        -cause/effect
 - Comparison and contrast                       -description                                             -compare/contrast
                                                 -logical/sequential                                      -description
                                                 -sequence                                                -logical/sequential

                                                 Identify commonly used persuasive techniques used
                                                 in a passage:                                            Identify commonly used persuasive techniques used
Persuasive Techniques                            - bandwagon                                              in a passage:
- emotional appeal                               - emotional appeal                                        - bandwagon
- testimonial                                    - testimonial                                             - emotional appeal
                                                 - expert opinion                                          - testimonial
                                                                                                           - expert opinion




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Texts                                                 Texts                                               Texts
Identify characteristics of fiction and non-fiction   Identify and describe characteristics of fiction,   Identify and differentiate between informative and
texts.                                                nonfiction, poetry, or plays                        persuasive passages
Recognize basic elements of genres.

Text Features                                         Text Features                                       Text Features
Table of contents                                     Table of contents                                   Punctuation
Glossary                                              Bold and italicized print                           Bold face type
Heading                                               Headings                                            Italics
Caption                                               Index                                               Indentions
Subheading                                            Transitional words/ phrases                         Capitalization
Charts                                                Highlighted                                         Table of contents
Bold print                                            Glossary                                            Bold and italicized print
Highlighted                                           Subheading                                          Headings
Title                                                 Captions                                            Index
Graphs                                                Pictures                                            Transitional words/ phrases
Pictures                                              Charts, graphs, tables                              Highlighted words/phrases
Italics                                               Capitalization                                      Sub-heading
Punctuation                                           Punctuation                                         Titles
Capitalization                                        Indentations                                        Pictures
Indentations                                          Dialogue                                            Lists
Quotes/dialogue                                       Lists                                               Charts
                                                      Diagrams                                            Graphs
                                                      Highlighted passages                                Glossary
                                                                                                          Captions
                                                                                                          Dialogue
                                                                                                          Diagrams

Literary Texts                                        Literary texts                                      Literary Texts
stories                                               stories                                             stories
poems                                                 poems                                               poems
plays                                                 plays                                               plays
                                                      historical fiction                                  historical fiction
                                                      realistic fiction                                   realistic fiction




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Informational Texts                            Informational texts                                   Informational texts
articles                                       directions                                            directions
internet resources                             invitations                                           invitations
reference books                                magazines articles                                    magazine articles
lists                                          content trade books                                   content trade books
recipes                                        persuasive text                                       persuasive text
directions                                     directions                                            maps
children’s magazines dictionaries              memos                                                 chart
                                               recipes                                               graphs
                                               letters                                               timelines
                                                                                                     visual organizers
Information Comprehension Strategies           Informational Comprehension                           Informational Comprehension
Make connections determine importance of       Identify and explain why the sequence is important    Identify an author’s purpose in a passage.
information                                    in both literary and informational texts              Identify the argument and supporting evidence.
Identify important information in a passage.   Carry out steps in a process or procedure             Identify an author’s opinion about a subject
Use facts to support choice.                   Demonstrate understanding of articles, letters,
                                                                                                      - bias
Identify stated and unstated main idea.        persuasive texts, etc.
                                                                                                      - misinformation
Identify details that support main idea.       Identify key ideas in a grade appropriate passage
                                                                                                      Identify main idea (stated/implied) and details that
Identify author’s message or theme of story.   Identify the author’s purpose (persuade, inform,
                                                                                                      support them of both literary and informational
Identify fact or opinion.                      entertain)
                                                                                                      grade appropriate texts
Support choice with evidence from text.        Support decisions with evidence from text
                                                                                                     - Distinguish between fact and opinion
Follow directions to complete a task           Identify key ideas in a grade appropriate passage
                                                                                                     - Support choice with evidence from the text
- Carry out steps in a process                 Identify and differentiate between informative and
                                                                                                     - Identify information in a passage that is supported
                                               persuasive passages
                                                                                                        by facts
                                               Identify main idea and supporting details
                                                                                                     Explain the purposes of text features in different
                                                - Distinguish between fact and opinion
                                                                                                     types of informational texts
                                                - Support choices with evidence from text
                                                                                                     Make text-to-text, text-to-self, and text-to-world
                                                - Identify important information in a passage that
                                                                                                     connections
                                                   is supported by fact
                                                                                                     Provide text references/evidence to support
                                                - Use facts to support choice
                                                                                                     connections made between text-to-self, text-to-
                                               Use evidence from text to support inferences
                                                                                                     texts, or text-to-world
                                               Evaluate the quality of evidence used to support or
                                               oppose an argument
                                               Use text evidence to support or oppose an argument
                                               Analyze or evaluate the use of persuasive or
                                               propaganda techniques




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Research:                                                                                Research:
Narrow focus of question.                                                                Study Skills
Use resources to locate information to answer                                             - charting
questions.                                                                                - mapping
Use a variety of resources to locate information.                                         - graphic organizers
Make connections between text and personal                                                - outlining
experience.
Study Skills
- Charting
- Mapping
Visual information                                  Visual information                   Visual information
pictures                                            maps                                 maps
maps                                                charts                               charts
charts                                              graphs                               graphs
graphs                                              tables                               tables
timelines                                           timelines                            timelines
visual organizers                                   visual organizers                    visual organizers




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