In the Name of Allah, the
Compassionate, the Merciful
(May Peace be Upon Him)
The father of the Prophets
The Birth of a Great Prophet
•Ibrahim was born in a house of idolaters
• He was born in the kingdom of Babylon in ancient Mesopotamia,
which is now Iraq
• His father, Azar was a well known idol sculptor
•His people worshipped idols
•As a young child, Ibrahim used to watch his father sculpting
idols from stones or wood. When his father was done with them,
Ibrahim would use them as toys, riding on their backs, and
kicking them at times. Then after a while, he would see these
same statues in the temple, and people prostrating in front of
them! Ibrahim asked his father: "Why do you take these toys to
the temple?" His father said: "They are statues that represent
our gods. We worship them, we ask favors from them, and we
offer them presents." Ibrahim's mind rejected this idea, and he
felt a disgust towards the idols.
In search for the Truth
•Time went by, and Ibrahim became a young man.
• He still could not believe that his people were worshipping the
•He laughed whenever he saw them entering the temple,
lowering their heads, silently offering the statues the best of
their food, crying and asking forgiveness from them.
•He even started feeling angry towards his people, because
they could not realize that these are only stones that could
neither benefit nor harm them.
•He believed they could not be gods, they have no power. God is
Greater than what his people were worshipping. God is the Most
Powerful, Most Magnificent.
•One night, Ibrahim went up to the mountain, leaned against a rock, and
looked up to the sky. He saw a shining star, and told his people: "Could
this be my Lord?" But when it set he said: "I don't like those that set."
The star has disappeared, it could not be God. God is always present.
•Then he saw the moon rising in splendor and told them: "Could this be
my Lord?" But it also set.
•At daybreak, he saw the sun rising and said: "Could this be my Lord, this
is bigger?" But when the sun set he said: "O my people I am free from all
that you join as partners with Allah! I have turned my face towards Him
Who created the heavens and the earth, and never shall I give partners
to Allah." Our Lord is the Creator of the heavens and the earth and
everything. He has the power to make the stars rise and set. Ibrahim
then heard Allah calling him: "O Ibrahim!" Ibrahim said trembling: "Here
I am O my Lord!" "Submit to Me! Be a Muslim!" Ibrahim fell on the
ground, prostrating and crying, he said: "I submit to the Lord of the
universe!" Ibrahim kept prostrating until night came again. He got up and
went back to his home, in peace, full of conviction that Allah has guided
him to the Truth.
Ibrahim invites his father to Islam
•A new life started for Ibrahim
•His mission now was to call his people to the Truth
• He would start with his father who was the closest person to him, and
whom he loved so much
• He said to him in the softest and kindest voice: "O father! Why do you
worship that which doesn't hear, doesn't see, and cannot avail you in
anything? O father, I have got knowledge which you have not, so follow
me. I will guide you to a straight path.“
His father replied angrily: "Do you reject my gods, O Ibrahim? If you
don't stop I will stone you. Get away from me before I punish you."
Ibrahim said: "Peace be on you! I will ask forgiveness of my Lord for
This incident has been eloquently portrayed in Surah Maryam:
"Also mention in the book (the story of) Ibrahim. He was a most truthful
messenger. Behold, he said to his father, "O my father! Why do you worship
that which does not hear, see nor can it profit you anything.
O beloved father! Knowledge which has not reached you has come to me.
Therefore follow me. I will guide you to the straight path.
O my father! Do not worship satan. Indeed satan is a rebel against Allah
the Most Gracious.
O beloved father! I fear that a punishment from the Most Gracious may
afflict you so that you will become a friend of Satan."
He (the father) replied, "Do you turn away from my gods, O Ibrahim? If
you do not refrain, I will undoubtedly stone you. Leave me alone for a long
Ibrahim said, "Peace be upon you. I will seek forgiveness for you from my
Sustainer. He is most gracious to me. I am leaving you and those who you
invoke besides Allah. I supplicate to my Sustainer. Perhaps I will not be
wretched by supplicating to Him." (19:41-48)
In Surah 'Araaf, Ibrahim's advice to his father is mentioned thus:
When Ibrahim said to his father Aazar, "Do you take
idols as your gods? I regard you and your people in
manifest misguidance." (6:74)
Ibrahim confronts his people and rejects their idols
•Ibrahim lost hope to convert his father to the right path
• He started to direct his efforts towards the people of the town, but
they rejected his call and threatened him.
The Quran says: "They had hearts but they do not understand by them.
They possess eyes by which they do not see and ears wherewith they do
not hear. They are like animals, nay more misguided. They are negligent."
• By Allah, he said “I shall plot a plan to destroy their idols.”
•He knew that a big celebration was coming soon, where everybody would
leave town for a big feast on the riverbank
•To get out of going to the festival, he told his people that he was sick
•In the Quran it says, Very shortly thereafter the people had an auspicious
day of celebration. When they began departing, some of them invited Ibrahim
(Alaihis salaam) to join them. At first he refused, but when they insisted, he
gazed up at the stars and said: "I am not feeling too well." (37:89)
•After making sure that nobody was left in town, Ibrahim went towards the
temple armed with an ax.
• Statues of all shapes and sizes were sitting there adorned with decorations.
Plates of food were offered to them, but the food was untouched. "Well, why
don't you eat? The food is getting cold." He said to the statues, joking
•Then with his ax he destroyed all the statues except one,
the biggest of them. He hung the ax around its neck and
How big was the shock when the people entered the temple! They
gathered inside watching in awe their gods broken in pieces. They wondered
who might have done this? Then they all remembered that the young
Ibrahim was talking evil of their idols. They brought him to the temple and
asked him: "Are you the one who has done this to our gods?" Ibrahim said:
"No, this statue, the biggest of them has done it. Ask them if they can
speak." "You know well that these idols don't speak!" They said impatiently.
"Then how come you worship things that can neither speak nor see, nor even
fend for themselves? Have you lost your minds?"
They kept silent for a while, for he got a point there. Their minds and their
senses were telling them that the Truth is with Ibrahim, but their pride
prevented them to accept it, and reject the idols they were worshipping for
generations. This they thought would be total defeat. They started yelling
at him and shouting: "Burn him! Burn him! Take revenge for your gods !"
The Miracle: Allah saves Ibrahim from the fire.
The decision to burn Ibrahim to death was affirmed by the
and the king of Babylon, Nimrod. The news spread like a fire in the
kingdom, and people were coming from all places to watch the execution.
A huge pit was dug up and a large quantity of wood was piled up. Then
the biggest fire people ever witnessed was lit. The fire flames were so
high up in the sky that the birds could not fly over it for fear of being
burned ! Ibrahim's hands and feet were chained, and he was put in a
catapult to throw him into the fire. At that time, Angel Jibreel came to
him and said: "O Ibrahim! Is there anything you wish for?" Ibrahim
could have asked to be saved from the fire, to be taken away, but no, he
said: "I only wish that Allah be pleased with me." The catapult was
released, and Ibrahim was thrown in the heart of the fire. But Allah
would not allow His Prophet to be killed, He ordered the fire: "O fire!
Be coolness and safety for Ibrahim!" And the miracle happened. The
fire obeyed and burned only his chains. Ibrahim came out from it as if
he was coming out from a garden, peaceful, his face illuminated, and not
a trace of smoke on his clothes. People watched in shock and said:
"Amazing ! Ibrahim' s God has saved him from the fire!"
Invitation to the King
In that era the kings of Iraq used to be known as Namrud. He not only
used to be the king but called himself the Rabb (Sustainer) and Owner
of the people. The subjects also regarded him as a god. They
worshipped him as they worshipped the other idols. In fact they
accorded him much more respect because he had intelligence and was
on the throne.
When Namrud was apprised of the situation, he became enraged. He
realized that if Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) continued propagating, it would
make all the subjects rebel against his godhood and authority.
Together with the demise of the religion of the forefathers, it could
spell an end to his kingdom. Thus it was essential to terminate the
matter from the very beginning. While pondering over it, he issued the
command for Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) to be brought before him.
When he was brought to the royal court, Namrud asked him why he was opposing the
religion of the forefathers and why he did not accept him (Namrud) as a god. Ibrahim (Alaihis
salaam) replied that he was the worshipper of one Almighty and he could not ascribe any partners to
him. The entire universe was His creation and He was the creator and owner of everything. He told
Namrud that he (Namrud) was an ordinary human being like all the others. How could he then be a
god? How can these deaf and dumb wooden idols be god? Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) reiterated that he
was on the correct path while the others were astray. How could he then discard propagating the
truth and accept the man-made religion of the predecessors?
Namrud then asked Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) that if there was a god besides him, he
should describe some power of his which he (Namrud) does not have. Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam)
replied: "My Sustainer is the one who controls life and death." Namrud retorted that he also had
control over life and death. He immediately ordered an innocent person to be killed by the royal
executioner. Then he freed a prisoner who was on death row. He turned his attention to Ibrahim
(Alaihis salaam) and said: "Did you see how I can also give life and death?“
Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) realised that Namrud either did not understand the reality of
life and death or he was trying to mislead the masses. Giving life does not mean saving one from
death but it means bringing a non-entity into existence. Similarly, to kill someone does not imply the
giving of death. Granting death means removing the soul of a being and having control of that soul.
Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) realised that it was fruitless to dispute this point as Namrud
would succeed in deceiving the people. Ibrahim's aim at this point was to explain the unity and power
of Allah. He therefore chose another manner for explaining. He presented such a proof which a
person observes daily. There was no need for any logical proofs to drive the point home. Ibrahim
(Alaihis salaam) said: "Indeed Allah brings the sun from the east. You bring it from the west."
Namrud was dumbfounded. He had no reply to this challenge.
The reason why he was left speechless was that Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) explained his
belief in the power of the Creator. He is the one that created the entire universe and its system.
Everything functions according to His will to such an extent that nothing can move before its appointed
time nor can anything be displaced. Examine the sun in this whole system and you will see how much the
earth benefits from it. With all that, Allah has ordained a system of rising and setting for it. If the sun
desires to go out of this system, it cannot do so because its reins lie in the control of the Almighty and
He does only what His wisdom desires.
Thus Namrud had only three possible ways of replying. He could have claimed to have full
control over the sun and its entire system. However he did not proffer this answer because he himself
did not believe that he controlled the sun.
The second reply could have been that he did not regard the world to be the creation of
anyone and he believed the sun to be a deity. Had he presented this belief, Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam)
would have objected by explaining the fact that the sun undergoes more changes than the worshippers
themselves. How can a deity undergo so many changes? Can the sun rise and set before its appointed
The third possibility was that he accept Ibrahim's challenge and bring the sun from the
west. However, because he had no possible answer to this challenge, he was left speechless. Allah has
briefly mentioned this incident in Surah Baqarah. (2:258)
Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) firstly invited his father to Islam, gave him the true message and
showed him the straight path. Thereafter he propagated the message to the masses. He clarified the
truth to them in a clear and decisive manner. Finally he had a debate with Namrud in which he gave a
detailed exposition of the unity and power of Allah. The greatest of kings do not have the right to claim
godhood. In spite of Namrud, Aazar and the majority realising the truth of Ibrahim's message and in
fact openly admitting it after the incident of the idols, none accepted the straight path. On the
contrary, due to their remorse and disgrace, they became agitated and unanimously decided to punish
Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) by hurling him into the fire. The punishment for
blasphemy and disgracing their idols could not be anything less than the fire.
Retribution could only be taken for the deities in this manner.
Ibrahim's Uneasiness for the Guidance of his people
Ibrahim's agitation for guiding his nation can be well estimated
from the foregoing lines. Which proofs did he omit in trying to present
the truth? Firstly he explained the matter to his father, Aazar. Then
he presented the truth before the majority. Finally he debated
Namrud, thereby fulfilling the manifestation of the truth in the best
possible manner. He urged them every minute that none was worthy of
worship besides the One Creator. The result of idol-worship and star-
worship was nothing but destruction and disgrace. Thus it was essential
to refrain from polytheism and revert to the straight path. The
foundation of this path was unity of the Almighty. The wretched nation
did not accept the message of guidance. Besides Sarah (Alaihas salaam)
and Lut (Alaihis salaam), no one else embraced the faith. The entire
nation agreed to burn him in the fire. When Allah saved him from the
fire and disgraced his nation, he decided to migrate to another place to
continue his mission of propagating the truth. He said: "I am going to
my Sustainer. Soon he will guide me." (37:99)
Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam) left his father and his nation and went to the
village Kaldaniyeen, on the western bank of the Euphrates river. He lived
here for a while. Hadrat Lut and Sarah were his companions. After some
time he left for Harraan where he continued his propagation. During
this entire period he continued seeking forgiveness for his father and
supplicating for his guidance. He did this due to his extreme soft-
heartedness and forbearance. Eventually Ibrahim (Alayhis salaam) was
informed by revelation that his father was not going to embrace the
faith. He was from among those who destroyed their virtuous capability.
"Allah has sealed their hearts and their ears while their eyes are
When Ibrahim (Alayhis salaam) realised this, he immediately distanced
himself from his father. This incident has been mentioned in the
following verses of Surah Taubah:
"Ibrahim's seeking forgiveness for his father was only due to a promise
which he made with him. Then, when he realised that he was an enemy
of Allah, he distanced himself from him. Indeed he is
most soft-hearted and tolerant". (9:114)
Migration to Palestine
In this way he continued propagating until he reached Palestine.
Sarah, Lut and Lut's wife accompanied him on this journey. Lut
brought faith in him and said: "I am migrating to my Sustainer.
Indeed He is powerful and wise." (29:26)
They crossed Babylon, went through Syria and Palestine calling people
to Allah, helping the poor and doing good deeds. By that time Ibrahim
married Sarah. Their hope was to have children who would spread the
Message of Allah after their death. As for Lut, he emigrated to the
land of Sodom and settled there.
Time went by and no children were born to Sarah. She realized she
was sterile. She accepted her fate and submitted to the will of Allah.
When Uthman (Radiallahu anhu) migrated to Abysinnia with Ruqayyah
(Radiallahu anha), Nabi (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:
"Indeed Uthman is the first person after Lut (Alayhis salaam) to migrate
with his family.“
Ibrahim (Alayhis salaam) settled in the western part of Palestine. This
area was under the rule of the Kanaanites during that era. Shortly
thereafter he left for Shakeem (Nablus). He continued to move westwards
until he reached Egypt.
Migration to Egypt
Ibrahim and Sarah moved to Egypt where the king gave
Sarah a woman to be her servant. The woman's name was
Hajar. Sarah was seeing Ibrahim' s hair getting white, and
it grieved her to see his chance of having any child slipping
away. She offered Hajara her servant as a wife to her
husband, and prayed Allah to bless Hajara and Ibrahim
with a child. And so came Ismail, a baby boy born to Hajara.
How unselfish Sarah was! For her, the need to have an
offspring who would carry the Message after Ibrahim was
greater than her pride. Fourteen years later Allah
rewarded Sarah with a son, Ishaq in spite of her old age.
Hadith of Ibrahim and the 3 lies
Abu Hurairah narrated that Ibrahim (pbuh) did not tell a lie except on three
occasions, twice for the sake of Allah (Exalted and Almighty) when he said: "I am
sick," (when his people were holding a festival in honor of their gods, Ibrahim
excused himself by saying he was sick. (37:89 Quran) and when he said: "(I have
not done this but) the big idol has done it." The (third was) that while Ibrahim and
Sarah (his wife) were going (on a journey), they passed by (the territory of) a
tyrant. Someone said to the tyrant: "This man (Ibrahim is accompanied by a very
charming lady." SO, he sent for Ibrahim and asked him about Sarah saying "Who is
this lady?" Ibrahim said: "She is my sister." Ibrahim went to Sarah said "O Sarah!
There are no believers on the surface of the earth except you and me. This man
asked me about you and I have told him that you are my sister do not contradict
my statement." the tyrant then called Sarah, and when she went to him, he tried
to take a hold of her with his hand, but his hand got stiff and he was confounded.
He asked Sarah: "Pray to Allah for me and I shall not harm you." So Sarah asked
Allah to cure him and he got cured. He tried to take hold of her for the second
time, but his hand got as stiff as or stiffer than before and he was more
comfounded. He again requested Sarah: "Pray to Allah for me, and I will not harm
you." Sarah asked Allah to again, and he became all right. He then called one of his
guards who had brought her and said: "You have not brought me a human being but
have brought me a devil." The tyrant then gave Hajar as a maid servant to Sarah.
Ibrahim, gesturing with his hand, asked: "What has happened?" She replied: "Allah
has spoiled the evil plot of the infidel or immoral person and gave me Hajar for
service." Abu Hurairah then addressed his listeners saying:
"That Hajar was your mother, O Bani Ma is Sama (Arab, the
descendants of Isma'il, Hajar's son)."
Young Ismail and his mother alone in the desert of Makkah
Soon after Ismail’s birth Allah ordered the Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon
him) to take his wife Hajira and the Prophet Isma'il (peace be upon him) to
the valley of Bakka (Mecca). Ibrahim woke up one day and asked Hajara to
prepare herself and baby Ismail for a long travel. Ibrahim and Hajara kept
walking, crossed a fertile land followed by barren mountains till they arrived
at the Arabian desert. They arrived at the spot after a long time. It was
hilly area without any trees and water. Ibrahim brought Hajara to a high hill
called al-Marwa. He made her and her baby sit under a tree, placed a bag of
dates and some water near her, and set out homeward. Hajara ran after him
and said: "Are you going to leave us in this desert where there is no one to
keep us company?" She repeated this many times but he would not look back
at her. She asked: "Has Allah ordered you to do so?" He said yes. "Then He
will not neglect us." She said. Ibrahim walked away until he got out of their
sight, he raised his hands and prayed Allah: "O our Lord! I have made some
of my offspring dwell in a valley with no cultivation, by Your Sacred House, in
order that they may offer prayers. So fill some hearts among men with love
towards them, and provide them with fruits, so that they may give thanks
Hajar went on nursing Ismail and drinking from the water until it
was all used up. She became very thirsty and the child was crying. She left
him on the al-Marwa hill and hurried to the nearest hill, as-Safa. She stood
there and started looking at the valley keenly so that she might see
somebody, but she could not see anybody. She descended from as-Safa,
crossed the valley running and reached al-Marwa hill. She stood and started
looking but could see nobody. She kept running between as-Safa and al-
Marwa seven times. When she reached al-Marwa for the last time, she was
exhausted, she sat next to the baby. Then she heard a voice. She stood up
and said: "O whoever you might be! Have you got something to help me?' She
saw an angel, Angel Jibreel, digging the earth until water flowed ! She built a
little basin around it. She scooped water with her hands, drank, filled her
water-skin, and nursed her baby. The place from which water flowed was
Zamzam. The angel said to her: "Don't be afraid of being neglected, for this
is the House of Allah which will be built by this boy and his father, and Allah
never neglects His people." The House (Kaba) at that time was on a high place
resembling a hillock, and when torrents came, they flowed to its right and
Muslims till this day drink from the holy water of Zamzam. The
prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: "This is the source of the tradition of
the Sa'y (rituals of the hajj, pilgrimage) the going of people between
them (As-Safa and Al-Marwa).
The Prophet (pbuh) added: "May Allah bestow mercy on Isma'il's
mother! Had she let the zam-zam flow without trying to control it, or
had she not scooped from that water to fill her water skin, Zam zam
would have been a stream flowing on the surface of the earth."
Arab Tribes Settle
Some Arabs of Jurhum traveling through Makkah saw birds flying
around the valley of Makkah. "They must be flying around water." They
said. They sent one or two messengers who discovered the source of
water and returned to inform them of the water. When they arrived at
the water, they found Hajara and asked her: "Would you allow us to stay
with you, and use the water from your well?" She replied: "Yes, but you
will have no right to possess the water." They agreed to that. She was
pleased by their company. The people sent for their families, settled
there and became permanent residents. The whole valley became alive.
Ismail grew up, learned Arabic, and later married a woman from amongst
Meanwhile, Ibrahim who had not seen his son since he was a
baby, came back to Makkah to visit him. Upon arriving, he heard that
Hajar had died, but Ismail was still living there. Ibrahim was yearning to
see his son whom he loved and missed a lot. He saw Ismail under a tree
near Zamzam, sharpening his arrows. When he saw his father, Ismail rose
up, hugged him and greeted him. It was the happiest moment for both
father and son.
But Allah wanted to put them to test, and it was a tough test
indeed. During one night, Ibrahim had a dream. He came to Ismail and
said: "O my son ! I have seen in a dream that I am slaughtering you as a
sacrifice to Allah, so what do you think?" They both realized that this
was an order from Allah. Ismail said without hesitation: "Do what you are
commanded, you shall find me very patient insha Allah." They had both
submitted to the will of Allah.
They had both submitted to the will of Allah. Shaytaan (the
devil Satan) appeared before Ibrahim and Ismail to try and deceive
them. Ibrahim and Ismail threw stones at Shaytaan as a response.
This is commemorated during the jumrah, one of the rites undertaken
by Muslims making the required pilgrimage to Mecca.
Ibrahim laid his son prostrate, put his forehead on the ground
and directed a sharp knife towards his neck. At this very moment,
Allah called him: "O Ibrahim! You have fulfilled the dream! Thus do We
reward the good doers !" A big sheep was sent down from heaven to be
slaughtered instead of Ismail, which Ibrahim did, and they both had a
big celebration that day. This event is celebrated every year by all
Muslims. It is Eid al-Adha where we slaughter the sacrificial sheep.
The Story of the Doorstep
According to an authentic Hadith, related by Al-Bukhari,
Ibrahim visited his son, when Ismail was out on his business. He spoke
to his daughter-in-law who did not know his relationship to her
husband. He asked how they were and she started complaining, saying
that they were going through hard times and went on complaining.
Ibrahim then told her to give his greetings to her husband when he
returned home and tell him to change his doorstep. Ismail understood
his father's recommendation and divorced his wife. Later Ibrahim paid
a second visit to Ismail and met his new wife when Ismail was away.
When he asked her how they were, she praised God for His blessings
and said that they were having plenty. Ibrahim asked her what they
ate and drank, and she answered that they had meat to eat and water
to drink. He prayed God to bless what they had and told her to greet
her husband on his behalf and to tell him to retain his doorstep.
Place Of Worship
Ibrahim and Ismail kept on calling people to worship Allah.
At that time there was no place built for the worship of Allah.
Ibrahim wished there could be such a place where people would be
in peace, and concentrate solely for the worship of Allah. His wish
was answered when Allah ordered him to build the Sacred House,
the Ka'bah. Ibrahim said to Ismail: "O Ismail, Allah has given me an
order, will you help me execute it?" "Yes I will." Ismail said. "Allah
has ordered me to build a house here." He said, pointing to a hillock
higher than the land surrounding it. They went towards the place
and started building the foundations of the Ka'bah.
The Building of the Ka'bah
"Then they raised the foundations of the House (the Ka’bah).
Isma'il brought the stones while Ibrahim built and when the walls
became high Isma'il brought this stone and put it for Ibrahim who
stood over it and carried on building. While Isma'il was handing him the
stones, and both of them were saying: "Our Lord! Accept this service
from us, verily, You are the All Hearer, the All Knower." (2:127 Quran)
When they finished the building, Angel Jibreel descended from
heaven and showed Ibrahim the rituals of Hajj. Then Ibrahim stepped
on the stone and called on people: "O people obey your Lord." This large
stone which Ibrahim stepped on is still there to this day near the
Ka'bah. It is called Makam Ibrahim.
The Story of the Birds
Ibrahim lived on earth worshipping Allah and calling people to
monotheism, but he was journeying to Allah, knowing that his days on
earth were limited and that they would be followed by death and finally
resurrection. The knowledge of life after death filled Ibrahim with peace
and love and certitude.
One day he begged Allah to show him how He brought the dead back to
life. Allah commanded Ibrahim to take four birds, cut them up and mingle
their body parts, divide them into four portions and place them on top of
four different hills, then call back the birds in Allah's name. Ibrahim did
as he was told. Immediately the mingled parts of the birds separated to
join their original bodies in different places and the birds flew back to
Almighty Allah revealed: Remember when Ibrhaim said: "My Lord Show
me how You give life to the dead." Allah said: "Do you not believe?"
Ibrahim said: "Yes I believe, but to be stronger in Faith." HE said: "Take
four birds, the cause them to incline towards you (then slaughter them,
cut them into pieces) and then put a portion of them on every hill and call
them they will come to you in haste. And know that Allah is All Mighty and
All Wise."(2:260 Quran)
Glad Tidings of Ishaq
Sarah was seeing Ibrahim' s hair getting white, and it grieved
her to see his chance of having any child slipping away.
Fourteen years after Ismaeal’s birth, three angels descended
to the earth; Gabriel, Israfael, and Michael. They came in human
shapes and saluted Ibrahim. Ibrahim arose and welcomed them. He
took them inside his tent thinking they were strangers and guests. He
seated them and made sure that they were comfortable, then excused
himself to go to his people.
His wife Sarah arose when he entered. Ibrahim said to her:
"We have three strangers in the house." "Who are they?" she asked. "I
do not know any of them," he answered. "What food have we got?" He
asked. Half a sheep." she replied, "Half a sheep! Slaughter a fat calf
for them; they are strangers and guests." he ordered while leaving.
The servants roasted and served a calf. Ibrahim invited the
angels to eat and he started eating so as to encourage them. He
continued, but when he glanced at his guests to assure they were
eating, he noticed that none of them had touched the food. He said to
the them: "Are you not going to eat?" He resumed eating, but when he
glanced at them again he found that they were still not eating. Their
hands did not reach out for the food. He began to
Ibrahim's fears increased. The angels, however were reading
his inner thoughts and one of them said: "Do not fear." Ibrahim raised
his head and replied: "Indeed I am in fear. I have asked you to eat food
but you do not stretch out your hands to eat. DO you intend me evil?"
One of the angels smiled and said: "We do not eat. We are
Allah's angels." One of them then turned towards his wife and conveyed
the glad tidings about Isaac (Ishaaq).
Almighty Allah revealed: Verily! There came Our Messengers to
Ibrahim with glad tidings. They said: "Salaam (greetings or peace)!" he
answered: "Salaam (greetings or peace)!" and he hastened to entertain
them with a roasted calf. But, when he saw their hands went not
towards it (the meal), he felt some mistrust of them, and conceived a
fear of them. They said: "Fear not, we have been sent against the
people of Lut." And his wife was standing there and she laughed (either,
because the Messengers did not eat their food or for being glad for the
destruction of the people of Lut). But We gave her glad tidings of
Isaac, and after him of Jacob.
She said (in astonishment): "Woe unto me! Shall I bear a child
while I am an old woman, and here is my husband an old man? Verily! This
is a strange thing!" They said: "Do you wonder at the Decree of Allah?
The Mercy of Allah and His Blessings be on you, O the
family (of Ibrahim). Surely, He (Allah) is All
The faith of Ibrahim is called Millat-e-Ibrahim in the Qur'an. Muslims
believe that Ibrahim is a prophet of God, in accordance with the narrative of his
life in the Qur'an. Ibrahim and his son Ismail are said to have built the Ka’bah in
Mecca. (Qur'an 2:125). Ibrahim also has an important role in one of the Pillars
of Islam, the Hajj, which is a pilgrimage to the Holy Mosque. The principal
aspect of the Hajj is remembering Ibrahim's sacrifice of Ismail (Ibrahim's
firstborn son) and his path to the altar where Iblees (Satan) attempted to
dissuade him three times. Those places where Satan appeared are marked with
three symbolic stones where pilgrims throw stones. Moreover a part of the Hajj
is a commemoration of the sacrifice and efforts of the wife of Ibrahim Hajre,
Hagar, to find water for her son Ismail, when he was near dead with thirst. She
ran between the two hills, Safa and Marwa, seven times and this ritual, Saaee
(means effort/struggle in Arabic) is mandatory for all pilgrims to Mecca. During
her quest for water she saw that a spring of fresh water had erupted near
where her son Ismail lay. That spring became the basis of founding the city of
Mecca, since fresh water was scarce in that barren land, and many tribes
settled around there. This spring has been running for thousands of years.
Ibrahim settled his wife and son in the valley of Mecca by God's order, to
pioneer a civilization. It was from this civilization that the final prophet of
Islam, Muhammad, was later born.
Muslims have a specific dua that they recite daily, (On
next slide) asking God to bless both Ibrahim and Muhammad.
Islamic prayer, Salat, that occurs five times a day, also includes
many parts that ask God for his blessings upon Ibrahim; the
most in the prayer. According to Islamic tradition, Ibrahim is
buried in Hebron. In the Masjid al Haram in Mecca, there is an
area known as the "station of Ibrahim" (Maqam Ibrahim ,)مقام
which bears an impression of his footprints.
Duaa in Salah
AL-LAHUM-MA SAL-LI`ALA MUHAMMAD-IN WA `ALA ALI
O Allah, exalt Muhammad and the followers of Muhammad
Ka-MA SALAITA `ALA IBRAHIMA WA`ALA ALI IBRAHIMAAs
Though did exalt Ibrahim and his followers.
IN-NAKA HAMIDUM MAJEED
Thou art the praised, the Glorious.
AL-LAHUM-MA BARIK MUHAMMAD-IN
O Allah, exalt Muhammad
WA 'ALA ALI MUHAMMADIN
and his followers
KAMABARAKTA 'ALA IBRAHIMA WA 'ALA Ali ibrahima
as Thou has blest Ibrahim and his followers.
Thou art the Praised, the Glorious.
Thus ends the story of Ibrahim, the father of the prophets. From him
descended all the prophets who came later, including Muhammad,
sallallahu alayhe wa sallam. Ibrahim devoted all his life calling others to
the True religion: Islam. Alone he stood against his people, his father,
and even the mighty king of Babylon, and never flinched. Yet his method
was always to gradually persuade them by bringing irrefutable proofs,
that most often embarrassed those who refused to accept the Truth,
but as Allah said: "Any whom Allah leaves to stray, there is none to
The Suhuf-i-Ibrahim (Scrolls of Abraham) صحف ابراهيمare
part of the religious scriptures of Islam, and are now
believed to be lost.
In two suras, which are to be dated from the first Meccan
period, there is a reference to the 'leaves, scrolls' (suhuf)
of Abraham and Moses, by which presumably texts of
revelation are meant (87:18-19; 53:36-37). The contents of
this revelation is not known from the Qur'an.
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Inshallah I made no
mistakes and if I did
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Please make Dua’a for