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Click here to find out the answer: They both have branches! There are three branches of the Virginia state government. Virginia’s government has an executive branch, legislative branch, and judicial branch. The Governor is head of the executive branch. At the state level, the legislative branch includes the House of Representatives and the Senate. The State of Virginia’s legislative branch is called the Virginia General Assembly. The highest court in the state is the Virginia Supreme Court. Executive Branch Legislativ Judicial e Branch Branch Click here for more information Virginia’s Government Executive Judicial Legislative Branch Branch Branch Governor’s Virginia’s Supreme State Capitol Mansion Court Building Click on one of the branches above to learn more about that Virginia Branch of Government Click here to go to next slide Virginia’s Government The Virginia Constitution establishes the government of Virginia. Virginia’s government provides three separate but equal branches of government: the Executive Branch, the Legislative Branch, and the Judicial Branch. Each of these branches is dependent on each other to be effective. This organization is modeled after the governmental system constructed for our Federal government in the United States Constitution. Click here to return to Three Branches of Government Click here to find the answer Virginia’s Judicial Branch Virginia Supreme Court Court of Appeals Of Virginia The Circuit Court General District Court Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Courts Click here to find out more about Virginia’s Judicial Branch Virginia’s Judicial Branch • The Judicial Branch is the state’s court system. This branch is responsible for explaining the laws and Judicial Branch Supreme Court of Virginia making sure laws are followed. The Judicial Branch is made up of courts. The The Courts Virginia State Bar courts punish people when they disobey the laws. • The Supreme Court is the highest court in the state. It only gets the most important cases. • Decisions made by the Supreme Court can overrule the decisions made by lower courts. Did you know…Fact Click here for more information about the Judicial Branch More About the Virginia’s Judicial Branch • Justices are the members of the Supreme Courts. They are chosen by the General Assembly. There are seven justices. These justices serve 12 years. • The seven justices together select one member to become the chief justice or the head judge. Did you know…Fact Even more information about the Virginia’s Judicial Branch Even more about Virginia’s Judicial Branch The Supreme Court of Virginia is one of the oldest continuous judicial bodies in the United States. Its roots are deep in the English legal system dating to the early seventeenth century as part of the Charter of 1606 under which Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in North America, was established. In 1623, the Virginia House of Burgesses created a five man appellate court which met quarterly to hear appeals from the lower courts. Meeting on the first day of March, June, September, and December, it became known as the Quarter Court. Did you Click here to return to Another Did you know…Fact Three Branches of know…Fact Government http://www.kidscommonwealth.virginia.gov/CapitolLife/GuberLife www.jsonline.com/ news/gen/feb03/115294.asp .asp Click here for the answer They are both the head of their branch! President George Bush is the head of the Executive Branch for the country. Governor Mark Warner is the head of the Executive Branch for the state of Virginia. Click here to find out more about Virginia’s Executive Branch Virginia’s Executive Branch Executive Branch Attorney Lieutenant Governor’s Governor General Governor Cabinet Executive Branch- This branch is made up of Virginia’s Governor and his cabinet. The Governor heads this branch. He prepares the biennial budget, administers the state bureaucracy, appoints cabinet officers, and grants pardons. In order to become governor, you have to be 30 years old, a registered voter and born in the United States. Virginia’s Executive Branch makes sure the laws are carried out. Did you know fact Click here to find out more about Virginia’s Executive Branch More about Virginia’s Executive Branch Virginia’s Governor reports to the General Assembly on the conditions of the state and what it needs. The governor also reads bills that have been passed by the assembly and will then decide whether to pass, have the bill changed, or veto the bill. If the governor approves the bill, the bill then becomes a law. If he disagrees with the bill, it is sent back to the assembly for changes. Did you know…Fact Even more about Virginia’s Executive Branch Even more about Virginia’s Executive Branch The Attorney General is the chief law officer of the state who represents the government in litigation and serves as its principal legal adviser. The Lieutenant Governor is the elected official serving as deputy to the governor of Virginia. Click here to return to Three Did you know…Fact Branches of Government Click here to find the answer Many important meetings of the Legislative Branch take place in this building. Laws are made that affect you and me daily. Click here to learn more about the Legislative Branch Legislative Branch Legislative Branch Virginia General Assembly House of Delegates Senate of Virginia Legislative Branch –Virginia General Assembly is the Legislative Branch of Virginia’s government that makes state laws and changes laws. Additional duties of the Legislative Branch are appointing state agency heads and board members, approving the budget, electing State Supreme Court Justices, Court of Appeals, Circuit and District Court Judges, members of the Judicial Inquiry and Review Commission, the Auditor of Public Accounts, the Commissioners of the State Corporation Commission, and members of the Virginia Worker’s Compensation Commission. Did you know…Facts Learn more about the Legislative Branch More about the Legislative Branch The General Assembly is divided into two groups, the Senate and the House of Delegates. You must be 21 to run for these offices. Delegates must live in the district where they are running for office. Members of the General Assembly are elected by the voters who are the people of Virginia. Did you know…Facts Even more about the Legislative Branch Even more about the Legislative Branch 1788-1904 First Permanent The General Assembly Capitol in Richmond meets annually, beginning on the second Wednesday in January, for 60 days in even- numbered years and for 30 days in odd- numbered years, with an option to extend the annual session for a maximum of 30 days. Click here for information on the House of Delegates House of Delegates • The House of Delegates contains 90 to 100 members and the Senate has 33 to 40 members. The terms of office are two years for Delegates and four years for Senators. • The Speaker of the House heads the House and is elected by the House in even-numbered years for two-year terms. The duties of the Speaker are assigning of bills to committee and appointing membership of the twenty House standing committees. Did you know…Facts Click here for more information about the House of Delegates More about the House of Delegates The Clerk of the House is elected by the House in even-numbered years and continues this position until another Clerk is chosen. The duty of the Clerk is responsibility of the administration of the House under the direction of the Speaker. Click here for information on The Senate The Senate • The Lieutenant Governor is the presiding officer of the Senate. He is elected in a statewide election and serves a four-year term. • The Clerk of the Senate is elected by the Senate and serves as the chief administrator. Their duties include overseeing the daily operations of the Senate, maintaining all Senate records, keeping the daily Journal, referring bills to committees, personnel management, information technology, and facilities management. here to go to the next slide Click Click on the links below for additional information and resources – Image Library – Glossary – A Day in the Life of a Legislator – Virginia General Assembly Timeline – Who’s Who in Virginia Politics 2002 – Virginia’s Organization of State Government – Virginia’s Branches of Government – Virginia Assembly: Capitol Classroom – Bibliography – Additional Resources Virginia Government Image Library Map of Virginia House of Burgesses President George Bush Governor John Warner www.all-hotels.com/ www.nps.gov/colo/ http://www.kidscommonwealth.virginia. usa/virginia/map.htm Jthanout/1stASSLY.html gov/CapitolLife/GuberLife.asp graphics.jsonline.com/.../ bushsbig020103.jpg Senate Seal State Flag State Seal Back State Seal Front http://legis.state.va.us/CapitolClassroo http://legis.state.va.us/CapitolClassroo http://legis.state.va.us/CapitolClassroo http://legis.state.va.us/CapitolClassroo m/6-8/6-8Emblems.htm m/6-8/6-8Emblems.htm m/6-8/6-8Emblems.htm m/6-8/6-8Emblems.htm Glossary • Biennial - occurring every two years http://www.m- w.com/cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=Biennial&x=16&y=13 • Bureaucracy – a : body of non-elective government officials b : an administrative policy-making group http://www.m-w.com/cgi- bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=Bureaucracy&x=14&y=13 • House of Burgesses - First representative government group in the American colonies. Famous delegates include Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson, and George Washington. The House met for the first time at Jamestown. It was July 30, 1619. http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/wwww/us/houseofburgessesdef.htm Click here to below to previous Click here to return to additional page information and resources Bibliography • Bibliography • Virginia General Assembly, “How A Bill Becomes A Law Chart,” [Online], <http://legis.state.va.us/CapitolClassroom/6-8/6-8HowBillsBecomeLaws.htm> • Virginia General Assembly, “Capitol Classroom: State Symbols and Emblems,” [Online], <http://legis.state.va.us/CapitolClassroom/6-8/6-8Emblems.htm> • Virginia General Assembly, “1780-1788 Capitol – Richmond,” [Online] , <http://legis.state.va.us/CapitolClassroom/4-5/PDFs/VA%20Timeline.pdf> • Virginia General Assembly, “1788-1904 First Permanent Capitol – Richmond,” [Online], <http://legis.state.va.us/CapitolClassroom/4- 5/PDFs/VA%20Timeline.pdf> • Virginia General Assembly, “1904- Present Present Day Capitol – Richmond,” [Online], <http://legis.state.va.us/CapitolClassroom/4- 5/PDFs/VA%20Timeline.pdf> • Virginia Visions: Government, “How Virginia’s Government Works,” [Online], <http://www.fcps.k12.va.us/OakViewES/cassella/virginia/govt/> Click here for additional Click here to return to additional bibliography information and resources Continue Bibliography • Virginia.gov, “The Official Commonwealth of Virginia Home Page,” [Online], <http://www.virginia.gov/cmsportal/> • Kids in the House, “The Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives,” [Online], <http://clerkkids.house.gov/> • Virginia.gov, “Governor Warner: Governor Resources: Branches of the State Government,” [Online], <http://www.governor.virginia.gov/Governmen tResources/GovBranches.html> • Virginia Secretary of the Commonwealth, “Government Organizational Chart,” [Online], <http://www.commonwealth.virginia.gov/SoC/ OrgChart2004-2005.pdf> Click here to return to additional information and resources Additional Resources • Virginia’s Judicial System (http://www.courts.state.va.us/main.htm) • Facts About the Commonwealth of Virginia (http://legis.state.va.us/CapitolClassroom/4- 5/PDFs/VTC%20Fact%20Pack.pdf) • Virginia Timeline (http://legis.state.va.us/CapitolClassroom/4- 5/PDFs/VA%20Timeline.pdf) • A Day in the Life of a Legislator (http://legis.state.va.us/CapitolClassroom/6- 8/ADayInTheLife.htm) • Legislative Glossary (http://legis.state.va.us/CapitolClassroom/9- 12/LegislativeGlossary.htm) • Just For Teachers: General Assembly Unit (http://legis.state.va.us/CapitolClassroom/TeacherResources/G eneralAssemUnit.htm) • Bringing Lawmaking to Life (http://www.vahomeschoolers.org/lawmakingtolife.PDF) Click here to return to additional information and resources Did you know…Fact 1 Like all the states, Virginia is also represented in the U.S. Congress. Our state has 12 representatives to Congress; two Senators and 10 members of the House of Representatives. Click here to return to previously viewed slide Did you know…Facts 2 Patrick Henry became the first Governor in Virginia in 1776 under the new Constitution. Click here to return to previously viewed slide Did you know…Fact 3 The United States Supreme Court also interprets the laws by assessing whether the state laws align with the United States Constitution. By having this policy, the judicial branch of the national and state governments can balance the power of the legislative and executive branches of government. Click here to return to previously viewed slide Did you know…Fact 4 The justices on the Supreme Court have the longest terms, while the members of the House of Delegates have the shortest terms. Click here to return to previously viewed slide Did you know…Facts 5 The Governor has the power to veto, therefore the executive branch can prevent the legislative branch from becoming too powerful. Click here to return to previously viewed slide Did you know…Fact 6 Justices must have been a lawyer in Virginia for at least five years. Click here to return to previously viewed slide Did you know…Fact 7 These three prominent men were members of the Virginia’s first Supreme Court: Edmund Randolph George Wythe John Blair Click here to return to previously viewed slide Did you know…Fact 8 The Governor of Virginia can only serve for one term in a row, but can run again for election later on. Click here to return to previously viewed slide Did you know…Fact 9 A bill vetoed by the governor can still become a law if two-thirds of the members of both the House of Delegates and the Senate vote to pass it. Click here to return to previously viewed slide Did you know…Fact 10 The Virginia General Assembly has existed dates from the establishment of the House of Burgesses at Jamestown in 1619. Click here to return to previously viewed slide Did you know…Fact 11 The Virginia General Assembly is modeled after the Virginia House of Burgesses at Jamestown. It became the Virginia General Assembly in 1776 with the confirmation of the Virginia Constitution. Did you know…Fact 12 The House of Delegates- Each member represents approximately 71,000 Virginia citizens. The term of office for a member of the House is two years with an annual salary of approximately $17,640. Did you know…Fact 13 The Senate of Virginia- This group consists of forty members. Each member is elected for a term of four years and receives an annual salary of approximately $18,000. Each member of the Senate represents approximately 176, 000 Virginia citizens.