Life_exp_infant_mort

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					Peter Lindert                Collected estimates of early life expectancies and infant mortality rates
Sep-07                       from around the world, mostly pre-1900
gpih.ucdavis.edu             (See the sources on the adjoining worksheet for fuller details and for other years.)

                             [Here ranked by                                               Life expectancy                   Infant
Original                     nation and year]                                       Median at birth (e0)           At age 20 mortality
row         Region           Nation            Place        Classes          Years    year     male female both        both rate (%)
        1                    A
            Roman North Africa frica, north                 all             70-192    131                23.2
        2   W. Europe        Belgium           Sart         all          1811-1845   1828                     39.4
        3   W. Europe        Belgium           Sart         rural        1812-1899   1855                     42.7       41         16
        4   Modern foragers Botswana                        !Kung – Dobe     recent  1985                     30.0       40         26
        5   S. America       Brazil                         all               1870   1870       27.1     27.6 27.3
        6   S. America       Brazil                                           1872   1872                     27.0
        7   S. America       Brazil                                           1900   1900                     36.0
        8   S. America       Brazil                         all               1900   1900       29.1     29.7 29.4
        9   S. America       Brazil                         all               1950   1950       42.1     43.9 43.0
      10    S. America       Brazil                         all               1950   1950                     44.5               14.6
      11    S. America       Brazil                         all               1970   1970                     53.5               11.4
      12    S. America       Brazil                         all               2001   2001                     63.2                3.7
      13    Yanomama Indians Brazil, Venezuela              all              recent  1965                     20.7
      14    East Asia        China             Anhui        all          1300-1800   1550       31.0     26.0 28.6
      15    East Asia        China             Anhui        all         1300-1880    1590                     28.0       33          -
      16    East Asia        China             Beijing      all, urban   1644-1739   1692       27.2     24.6 25.9       30          -
      17    East Asia        China             Beijing      urban        1740-1839   1790       33.6
      18    East Asia        China             Liaoning     rural        1792-1867   1830                     26.0       35          -
      19    East Asia        China             Liaoning     rural        1789-1909   1849                     36.9       39
      20    East Asia        China             Beijing      urban        1840-1899   1870       34.7
      21    East Asia        China                          rural        1929-1931   1930                     24.0
22   East Asia     China                   all            1950-1955   1953                 40.8        19.5
23   East Asia     China                   all            1995-2000   1998                 69.7         4.1
24   South China   China                   all            1929-1931   1930          21.2
25   W. Europe     Denmark                 all            1780-1789   1785   34.0   35.9   34.9
26   W. Europe     Denmark                 all            1790-1799   1795   39.4   41.5   40.4
27   W. Europe     Denmark                 all            1800-1809   1805   40.4   43.3   41.8
28   W. Europe     Denmark                 all            1810-1819   1815   40.8   43.6   42.1
29   W. Europe     Denmark                 all            1820-1829   1825   40.0   41.9   40.9
30   W. Europe     Denmark                 all            1830-1839   1835   36.4   38.3   37.3
31   W. Europe     Denmark                 all            1840-1849   1845   43.0   45.2   44.1
32   East Asia     Eastern Asia            all            1950-1955   1953                 42.9        18.1
33   East Asia     Eastern Asia            all            1995-2000   1998                 70.9         3.9
34   Africa        Egypt          rural    rural          11-257 CE    134                 28.0   21      -
35   Africa        Egypt          urban    urban          11-257 CE    134                 24.0   17      -
36   Africa        Egypt                   all            33-258 CE    146                 24.0        32.9
37   Africa        Egypt                   all            1950-1955   1953                 42.4        20.0
38   Africa        Egypt                   all            1995-2000   1998                 67.0         4.9
39   W. Europe     Europe                 ruling families 1500-1599   1550   32.1   36.0   34.0
40   W. Europe     Europe                 ruling families 1600-1699   1650   28.1   33.7   30.8
41   W. Europe     Europe                 ruling families 1700-1799   1750   36.1   38.2   37.1
42   W. Europe     Europe                 ruling families 1800-1849   1824   45.9   48.1   47.0
43   W. Europe     France                  all            1740-1749   1745                 24.8        29.6
44   W. Europe     France                  all            1750-1759   1755   27.1   28.7   27.9
45   W. Europe     France                  all            1760-1769   1765   26.4   29.0   27.7
46   W. Europe     France                  all            1750-1789   1770                 28.0   -     21
47   W. Europe     France                  all            1770-1779   1775   28.2   29.6   28.9
48   W. Europe     France                  all            1780-1789   1785   27.5   28.1   27.8
49   W. Europe     France                  all            1790-1799   1795          32.1
50   W. Europe     France                  all            1800-1809   1805          34.9
51   W. Europe         France              all         1810-1819   1815          37.5
52   W. Europe         France              all         1820-1829   1825                 38.8        18.1
53   W. Europe         France              all         1820-1829   1825          39.3
54   W. Europe         France              all         1831-1840   1836          39.9
55   W. Europe         France              all         1841-1850   1846          41.6
56   W. Europe         France              all              1900   1900               47.0
57   W. Europe         France              all         1950-1955   1953               66.5           4.5
58   W. Europe         France              all         1995-2000   1998               78.1           0.6
59   W. Europe         France              all         1740-1749   1745   23.8   25.7 24.7
60   W. Europe         Germany   (?)       all         1750-1759   1755               36.4
61   W. Europe         Germany                              1820   1820               41.0
62   W. Europe         Germany                              1900   1900               47.0
63   Greece, Ancient   Greece               all       301-400 BC 350 BC   24.4
64   South Asia        India     Delhi      urban           1833   1833                 21.0
65   South Asia        India                all        1881-1891   1886                 25.0
66   South Asia        India                all        1950-1955   1953                 38.7        19.0
67   South Asia        India                all        1995-2000   1998                 62.1         7.2
68   W. Europe         Italy     Pistoia    all        1200-1430   1315                 29.0   25     21
69   W. Europe         Italy     2 towns    rural      1800-1883   1840                 35.0   41     21
70   W. Europe         Italy     Venice     urban      1850-1869   1860                               29
71   Pistoia           Italy                all             1427   1427                 29.0
72   Italy             Italy                all             1881   1881                 34.0
73   East Asia         Japan     Niita, Shimomoriya
                                            rural      1716-1780   1748                 35.1   40
74   East Asia         Japan                rural     1776-1815    1796                 33.0   37     25
75   East Asia         Japan                all        1751-1869   1810                 37.4        21.6
76   East Asia         Japan                all        1800-1850   1825                 33.7        29.5
77   East Asia         Japan                all        1776-1875   1826                 32.2        27.7
78   East Asia         Japan                all        1950-1955   1953                 63.9         5.1
79   East Asia         Japan                all        1995-2000   1998                 80.5         0.4
 80   Japan             Japan                       all         1899    1899          43.7
 81   World             Least dev. countries        all    1950-1955    1953                 35.7        19.6
 82   World             Least dev. countries        all    1995-2000    1998                 48.6        11.1
 83   N. America        Mexico                      all    1895-1904    1900                             22.3
 84   N. America        Mexico                      all         1940    1940                 41.0        12.6
 85   N. America        Mexico                      all         1950    1950                 50.0         9.6
 86   N. America        Mexico                      all         1970    1970                 62.0         6.9
 87   N. America        Mexico                      all         1985    1985                 68.0         5.1
 88   N. America        Mexico                      all         2001    2001                 71.8         2.5
 89   Modern foragers   Paraguay                    Ache       recent   1985                 37.0   37     12
 90   Modern foragers   Philippines                 Agta       recent   1985                 24.0   47     37
 91   Portugal          Portugal                    all         1920    1920          38.7
 92   W. Europe         Prussia           Blüthen   all    1765-1800    1783   28.4   36.7 32.6
 93   Roman Empire      Rome                        all       ancient      0               21.1
 94   E. Europe         Russia                             1874-1884    1879               28.0
 95   E. Europe         Russia                                  1900    1900               32.0
 96   Africa            Sub-Saharan Africa          all    1950-1955    1953               36.7          18.0
 97   Africa            Sub-Saharan Africa          all    1995-2000    1998               47.1          10.3
 98   W. Europe         Sweden                      all    1751-1755    1753               37.8
 99   W. Europe         Sweden                      all    1751-1760    1755          38.3
100   W. Europe         Sweden                      all    1761-1770    1765          44.3
101   W. Europe         Sweden                      all    1771-1780    1775          35.0
102   W. Europe         Sweden                      all    1751-1800    1776                             20.3
103   W. Europe         Sweden                      all    1781-1790    1785          36.8
104   W. Europe         Sweden                      all    1791-1800    1795          40.1
105   W. Europe         Sweden                      all    1801-1810    1805          37.5
106   W. Europe         Sweden                      all    1811-1820    1815          40.1
107   W. Europe         Sweden                      all         1820    1820                 39.0
108   W. Europe         Sweden                      all    1821-1830    1825          43.8
109   W. Europe         Sweden                      all     1831-1840    1835          43.7
110   W. Europe         Sweden           Scania     rural   1815-1865    1840                 40.7   42    19
111   W. Europe         Sweden                      all     1841-1850    1845          46.0
112   W. Europe         Sweden                      all          1900    1900                 47.0
113   W. Europe         Sweden, Scania   4 parishes all     1765-1815    1790   36.2   35.1   35.7
114   W. Europe         Sweden, Scania   4 parishes all     1815-1865    1840   40.2   41.2   40.7
115   W. Europe         Switzerland      Geneva     urban   1625-1649    1642                 23.6
116   W. Europe         Switzerland      Geneva     urban   1650-1674    1667                 25.7
117   W. Europe         Switzerland      Geneva     urban   1675-1699    1692                 27.1
118   W. Europe         Switzerland      Geneva     urban   1700-1724    1717                 28.3
119   W. Europe         Switzerland      Glaris     all     1751-1760    1755                 32.6
120   W. Europe         Switzerland      Geneva     urban   1745-1769    1757                 34.0
121   W. Europe         Switzerland      Geneva     urban   1725-1744    1782                 33.8
122   W. Europe         Switzerland      Geneva     urban   1770-1790    1780                 33.2
123   W. Europe         Switzerland      Geneva     urban   1800-1825    1813                 39.7
124   Modern foragers   Tanzania                    Hadza       recent   1985                 33.0   39     21
125   W. Europe         UK               England all        1301-1425    1363                 24.3        21.8
126   W. Europe         UK               England all        1550-1574    1562                 34.5
127   W. Europe         UK               Britain    peers   1550-1574    1562   37.8   38.2   38.0
128   W. Europe         UK               England all        1550-1599    1575                 38.0   33    18
129   W. Europe         UK               England all        1575-1599    1587                 38.7
130   W. Europe         UK               Britain    peers   1575-1599    1587   36.0   38.3   37.1
131   W. Europe         UK               England all        1600-1624    1612                 39.1
132   W. Europe         UK               Britain    peers   1600-1624    1612   33.6   35.9   34.7
133   W. Europe         UK               England all        1625-1649    1637   38.7   37.6   38.2
134   W. Europe         UK               Britain    peers   1625-1649    1637   31.7   34.2   32.9
135   W. Europe         UK               England all        1650-1674    1662   38.1   36.3   37.2
136   W. Europe         UK               Britain    peers   1650-1674    1662   30.0   33.7   31.8
137   W. Europe         UK               England all        1650-1699    1675                 35.0   31    18
138   W. Europe    UK      England   all     1675-1699   1687   35.4   35.4   35.4
139   W. Europe    UK      Britain   peers   1675-1699   1687   33.2   35.3   34.2
140   W. Europe    UK      England   all     1700-1724   1712   36.6   36.8   36.7
141   W. Europe    UK      Britain   peers   1700-1724   1712   34.9   37.5   36.2
142   W. Europe    UK      England   all     1725-1749   1737   35.8   37.4   36.6
143   W. Europe    UK      Britain   peers   1725-1749   1737   38.8   37.4   38.1
144   W. Europe    UK      England   all     1750-1774   1762   40.7   40.0   40.4
145   W. Europe    UK      Britain   peers   1750-1774   1762   44.6   45.9   45.2
146   W. Europe    UK      London    urban   1750-1799   1774                 23.0    -    30
147   W. Europe    UK      England   all     1750-1799   1775                 38.0   34    17
148   W. Europe    UK      England   all     1775-1799   1787   40.8   39.5   40.2
149   W. Europe    UK      Britain   peers   1775-1799   1787   46.9   49.2   48.0
150   W. Europe    UK      England   all     1800-1809   1805                 44.8
151   W. Europe    UK      Britain   peers   1800-1824   1812   49.3   51.9   50.5
152   W. Europe    UK      Britain   peers   1825-1849   1837   52.2   58.4   55.2
153   W. Europe    UK      Britain   all     1950-1955   1953                 69.2         2.9
154   W. Europe    UK      Britain   all     1995-2000   1998                 77.2         0.6
155   N. America   USA               all          1850   1850   37.2   39.4   38.3        22.9
156   N. America   USA               all          1900   1900   46.3   48.3   47.3        12.9
157   N. America   USA               all          1929   1929   55.8   58.6   57.1         6.8
158   N. America   USA               all          1950   1950   65.6   71.1   68.2         2.9
159   N. America   USA               all     1950-1955   1953                 68.9         2.8
160   N. America   USA               all     1995-2000   1998                 76.2         0.7
161   World        World             all     1950-1955   1953                 46.5        15.7
162   World        World             all     1995-2000   1998                 64.6         6.1
mortality
            Source
            Woods 2007.
            Alter, Neven, and Oris (in Allen, Bengtsson, Dribe 2005).
            Campbell, Lee, Bengtsson 2004, p. 66.
            Clark 2007, Chapter 5.
            Ludwig 1985, citing estimates by Eduardo Arriaga.
            Maddison 2001, citing Merrick and Graham 1979.
            Maddison 2001, citing Merrick and Graham 1979.
            Ludwig 1985, citing estimates by Eduardo Arriaga.
            Ludwig 1985, citing estimates by Eduardo Arriaga.
            Angus Maddison and Associates 1992, p. 84.
            Angus Maddison and Associates 1992, p. 84.
            US Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States 2001 , p. 835.
            Woods 2007.
            Lee and Wang, 1999, pp. 54-55.
            Clark 2007, Chapter 5, Citing Lee and Wang 1999, pp. 54-55.
            Lee and Wang, 1999, pp. 54-55; Clark 2007, Ch. 5.
            Lee and Wang, 1999, pp. 54-55.
            Clark 2007, Chapter 5, Citing Lee and Wang 1999, pp. 54-55.
            Campbell, Lee, Bengtsson 2004, p. 66.
            Lee and Wang, 1999, pp. 54-55.
            Maddison 2001, citing Barclay et al. 1976, p. 621.
UN 2003.
UN 2003.
Woods 2007.
O. Andersen, in Bengtsson et al., Pre-industrial, p. 125.
O. Andersen, in Bengtsson et al., Pre-industrial, p. 125.
O. Andersen, in Bengtsson et al., Pre-industrial, p. 125.
O. Andersen, in Bengtsson et al., Pre-industrial, p. 125.
O. Andersen, in Bengtsson et al., Pre-industrial, p. 125.
O. Andersen, in Bengtsson et al., Pre-industrial, p. 125.
O. Andersen, in Bengtsson et al., Pre-industrial, p. 125.
UN 2003.
UN 2003.
Clark 2007, Chapter 5, citing Bagnall and Frier 1994, pp. 334-336.
Clark 2007, Chapter 5, citing Bagnall and Frier 1994, pp. 334-336.
Maddison 2001, citing Bagnall and Frier, pp. 70 and 100.
UN 2003.
UN 2003.
Peller, "Birth and Deaths," p. 98.
Peller, "Birth and Deaths," p. 98.
Peller, "Birth and Deaths," p. 98.
Peller, "Birth and Deaths," p. 98.
Maddison 2001, citing Blayo 1975.
Bideau et al. , "La mortalité," p. 236.
Bideau et al. , "La mortalité," p. 236.
Clark 2007, Chapter 5.
Bideau et al. , "La mortalité," p. 236.
Bideau et al. , "La mortalité," p. 236.
Blayo, as cited in Bengtsson et al., Pre-industrial , p. 49.
Blayo, as cited in Bengtsson et al., Pre-industrial , p. 49.
Blayo, as cited in Bengtsson et al., Pre-industrial , p. 49.
Maddison 2001, citing Blayo 1975, pp. 138-141.
Blayo, as cited in Bengtsson et al., Pre-industrial , p. 49.
Van de Walle, as cited in Bengtsson et al ., p. 49.
Van de Walle, as cited in Bengtsson et al ., p. 49.
Maddison 2001, citing Blayo 1975.
UN 2003.
UN 2003.
Bideau et al. , "La mortalité," p. 236.
Perrenoud, "La mortalité."
Maddison 2001, citing Knodel 1988, p. 59.
Maddison 2001, citing Knodel 1988, p. 59.
Woods 2007.
Maddison 2001, citing Visaria and Visaria 1983, p. 473.
Maddison 2001, citing Mari Bhat 1989, p. 92.
UN 2003.
UN 2003.
Clark 2007, Chapter 5, citing Herlihy 1967.
Campbell, Lee, Bengtsson 2004, p. 66.
Oris et al. 2004, p. 336.
Woods 2007.
Woods 2007.
Campbell, Lee, Bengtsson 2004, p. 66.
Clark 2007, Chapter 5, citing Janetta and Preston 1991, pp. 427-428.
Maddison 2001, citing Saito 1997, with strong warnings about the infant mortality rates.
Maddison 2001, citing Yasuba, with strong warnings about the infant mortality rates..
Maddison 2001, citing Janetta and Preston 1991, pp. 428-435, with strong warnings about the infant mortality estimates.
UN 2003.
UN 2003.
Woods 2007.
UN 2003. [34 Africa, 9 Asia, 1 LAC, 5 Oceania]
UN 2003. [34 Africa, 9 Asia, 1 LAC, 5 Oceania]
Collver's estimate, per Mitchell 2003.
Angus Maddison and Associates 1992, p. 187.
Angus Maddison and Associates 1992, p. 187.
Angus Maddison and Associates 1992, p. 187.
Angus Maddison and Associates 1992, p. 187.
US Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States 2001 , p. 835.
Clark 2007, Chapter 5.
Clark 2007, Chapter 5.
Woods 2007.
Hagen, Ordinary Prussians .
Woods 2007.
Maddison 2001, citing Ohlin 1955, p. 411.
Maddison 2001, citing Ohlin 1955, p. 411.
UN 2003.
UN 2003.
Maddison 2001, citing Gille 1949.
Perrenoud, "La mortalité."
Perrenoud in Bengtsson et al. , p. 49.
Perrenoud in Bengtsson et al. , p. 49.
Maddison 2001, citing Gille 1949.
Perrenoud in Bengtsson et al. , p. 49.
Perrenoud in Bengtsson et al. , p. 49.
Perrenoud in Bengtsson et al. , p. 49.
Perrenoud in Bengtsson et al. , p. 49.
Maddison (2001, p. 30), citing Gille (1949, p. 43).
Perrenoud in Bengtsson et al. , p. 49.
Perrenoud in Bengtsson et al. , p. 49.
Campbell, Lee, Bengtsson 2004, p. 66.
Perrenoud in Bengtsson et al. , p. 49.
Maddison (2001, p. 30), citing Gille (1949, p. 43).
Bengtsson-Dribe, "Western Scania," Table 2.1.
Bengtsson-Dribe, "Western Scania," Table 2.1.
Perrenoud in Bengtsson et al. , p. 49.
Perrenoud in Bengtsson et al. , p. 49.
Perrenoud in Bengtsson et al. , p. 49.
Perrenoud in Bengtsson et al. , p. 49.
Perrenoud, "La mortalité."
Perrenoud in Bengtsson et al. , p. 49.
Perrenoud in Bengtsson et al. , p. 49.
Perrenoud in Bengtsson et al. , p. 49.
Perrenoud in Bengtsson et al. , p. 49.
Clark 2007, Chapter 5.
Maddison 2001, citing Russell's "very crude" fiscal-based estimates. At face value, the time span includes the Black Death.
Wrigley and Schofield, Population History , Table A3.1.
Hollingsworth, Mortality in the British Peerage , birth cohorts.
Clark 2007, Chapter 5.
Wrigley and Schofield, Population History , Table A3.1.
Hollingsworth, Mortality in the British Peerage , birth cohorts.
Wrigley et al., Reconstitution, p.295.
Hollingsworth, Mortality in the British Peerage , birth cohorts.
Wrigley et al., Reconstitution, p.295.
Hollingsworth, Mortality in the British Peerage , birth cohorts.
Wrigley et al., Reconstitution, p.295.
Hollingsworth, Mortality in the British Peerage , birth cohorts.
Clark 2007, Chapter 5.
Wrigley et al., Reconstitution, p.295.
Hollingsworth, Mortality in the British Peerage , birth cohorts.
Wrigley et al., Reconstitution, p.295.
Hollingsworth, Mortality in the British Peerage , birth cohorts.
Wrigley et al., Reconstitution, p.295.
Hollingsworth, Mortality in the British Peerage , birth cohorts.
Wrigley et al., Reconstitution, p.295.
Hollingsworth, Mortality in the British Peerage , birth cohorts.
Clark 2007, Chapter 5.
Clark 2007, Chapter 5.
Wrigley et al., Reconstitution, p.295.
Hollingsworth, Mortality in the British Peerage , birth cohorts.
Wrigley et al., Reconstitution, p.295.
Hollingsworth, Mortality in the British Peerage , birth cohorts.
Hollingsworth, Mortality in the British Peerage , birth cohorts.
UN 2003.
UN 2003.
Michael R. Haines 2006, in Carter et al.
Michael R. Haines 2006, in Carter et al.
Michael R. Haines 2006, in Carter et al.
Michael R. Haines 2006, in Carter et al.
UN 2003.
UN 2003.
UN 2003.
UN 2003.
Peter Lindert, May 2007
gpih.ucdavis.edu

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