Fill in the blanks! 9-23 Quiz According to the cell theory: The ___________ is the most basic unit of life. All _____________ are made of cells. Cells come from_________________. Cells are made of smaller parts called ___________. These all have a specific structure and function based on their job. When a protein comes into the cell, it is broken down into ______________ by the ________________. Amino Acids are assembled into proteins by the ________________. Ribosomes can be found on the ______________ (whose job is to modify proteins) Once the proteins are assembled, and modified according to the directions found on the _____________ (genetic information for the cell), they are packaged by the _________________ into a vesicle. Plant cells have specialized parts to deal with their planty lives. Several of a plant’s organelles are not found in animals. The ________________ helps a plant cell to retain H20 and keep its shape. The ________________ converts solar energy, H20, and Co2into usable chemical energy in sugars. The _____________________ is used to store things such as water and sugars. Animals have some unique parts of their own. The ________________ is used to recycle and break down cellular materials, including dead organelles or food. During cellular division, _____________ are used to move material around the cell, and to help it divide. Both Plants and animals have________________ (which create usable energy for the cell) Animal and plant cells are filled with____________ This is where chemical rxns happen in the cell. The cell membrane is also called the _______________ is made of a phospholipid _____________. The phospholipids have a polar, hydrophilic (water attracting) __________ and two non- polar hydrophobic (water repelling) ____________. The head of a phospholipid is made of_________ and __________, while the tails are chains of ____________. Phospholipids can move materials in and out of the cell and allow water and other molecules to pass through into or out of the cell. Allowing some materials into the cell, while keeping other materials out is known as ______________. Movement without the use of energy, down the concentration gradient is known as __________________. Movement of water across the membrane is called_______________. In a _______________ solution, there is a higher concentration of solute inside the cell, a lower concentration outside the cell. In this type of solution, the cell will _________. In a _______________ solution, there is a lower concentration of solute inside the cell, a higher concentration outside the cell. In this type of solution, the cell will _________. In a _______________ solution, there is a similar concentration of solute inside the cell as outside the cell. In this type of solution, the cell will _________. Facilitated diffusion used __________________ to move materials through the cell membrane. ______________ transport requires the use of energy, and can go up or down the concentration gradient. ________________ is the process of bringing large materials through the cell membrane. . ________________ is the process of moving large materials out of the cell.
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