Module by cuiliqing

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									                                                                                           Enclosure 2

CJOA-A COIN MISSION ESSENTIAL TASK: Receive a Basic Individual Afghanistan-specific
COIN Education
DESCRIPTION: All personnel entering the CJOA-Afghanistan have the potential to positively or
negatively affect COIN operations conducted by ISAF. It is essential that all personnel have an
understanding of COIN fundamentals and current situation in the CJOA-Afghanistan.

CONDITION: Units conduct these individual tasks in a classroom type environment prior to
starting pre-deployment training.

REFERENCES:

Tasks and Standards
1. Task Title: Receive a COIN Overview
Task Description: To develop a basic understanding of COIN doctrine and how it relates to
operations in Afghanistan.

Measures:

Measures:    Scale:      Description:

M1           Yes/No      Understand the doctrinal approach to COIN

M2           Yes/No      Understand the problem with traditional military approaches in
                         a counterinsurgency
M3           Yes/No      Understand the principles of a population centric approach

M4           Yes/No      Understand the course objectives

M5           Yes/No      Explain where COIN fits into doctrine. Explain the Spectrum
                         of conflict (FM 3-0).
M6           Yes/No      Define the problem in Afghanistan. Enemy focused, not
                         population focused. Explain why military forces have
                         difficulty shifting away from a enemy focus.
M7           Yes/No      Explain the fundamental principles of a population centric
                         approach. Use historical examples.
M8           Yes/No      Explain how the COIN Training provided will help- what tools
                         will it provide: Greater understanding of the problem, tools to
                         help analyze the Human Terrain, processes for understanding
                         the root causes of instability, presented by examples of best
                         practice and what is currently working.


2. Task Title: Explain Insurgency Fundamentals
Task Description: To develop a basic understanding of the objectives of an insurgency and how
insurgents attempt to achieve their goals.

Measures:
                                                                                            Enclosure 2

Measures:    Scale:      Description:

M1           Yes/No      Appreciate the complex nature of the insurgency in
                         Afghanistan.
M2           Yes/No      Understand the insurgency is fundamentally an armed political
                         struggle.
M3           Yes/No      Comprehend that insurgents operate not only military but also
                         in the economic, political, social, information, and
                         infrastructure spheres and understand the tactical and
                         operational implications.
M4           Yes/No      Understand the relationship between insurgent groups and
                         other threats to stability, such as narco-traffickers, warlords,
                         etc.
M5           Yes/No      Understand the prerequisites for an insurgency in Afghanistan.

M6           Yes/No      Explain the definition of an insurgency.

M7           Yes/No      Explain that an insurgency is an armed political struggle.

M8           Yes/No      Explain the dynamics of an insurgency.

M9           Yes/No      Explain the organizational elements of an insurgency.

M10          Yes/No      Explain the prerequisites for the insurgency in Afghanistan.



3. Task Title: Explain COIN Fundamentals
Task Description: To develop a basic understanding of how to defeat an insurgency.

Measures:

Measures:    Scale:      Description:

M1           Yes/No      Understand that defeating an insurgency is primarily a political
                         struggle but that counterinsurgents must consider actions across
                         the military, economic, social, information and infrastructure
                         spectrum to support political objectives.
M2           Yes/No      Understand the role of legitimacy in the Afghan context

M3           Yes/No      Understand the relationship, roles, and tasks of the multiple
                         actors involved in defeating the insurgency in Afghanistan.
M4           Yes/No      Explain the definition of counterinsurgency.

M5           Yes/No      Explain the historical principles of COIN.

M6           Yes/No      Explain the COIN imperatives.

M7           Yes/No      Explain the role of legitimacy in the Afghan counterinsurgency
                         context.
                                                                                          Enclosure 2

M8            Yes/No     Explain the importance of an integrated approach in defeating
                         an insurgency.
M9            Yes/No     Compare and contrast unsuccessful and successful COIN
                         practices to identify best practice.


4. Task Title: Explain information and intelligence in COIN
Task Description: To understand how information and intelligence effect COIN operations.

Measures:

Measures:     Scale:     Description:

M1            Yes/No     Understand the relationship between information, intelligence,
                         and operations.
M2            Yes/No     Understand that intelligence in counterinsurgency operations
                         depends on a comprehensive understand of the environment
M3            Yes/No     Understand the difference between ‘intelligence’ and
                         ‘information’ and the implications for information sharing.
M4            Yes/No     Understand the primacy of human intelligence considerations.

M5            Yes/No     Understand how to develop human intelligence for the area of
                         operations.
M6            Yes/No     Understand the need to disseminate intelligence to the lowest
                         possible level and engage subordinates to act on that
                         intelligence.

M7            Yes/No     Explain the intrinsic link between operations, information and
                         intelligence.
M8            Yes/No     Explain that intelligence in counterinsurgency operations
                         depends on a comprehensive understanding of the
                         environment.
M9            Yes/No     Explain the difference between intelligence and information.

M10           Yes/No     Explain the primacy of HUMINT in COIN.

M11           Yes/No     Explain the best practice for gathering intelligence from the
                         population in a COIN environment. Stress the importance of
                         personal relationships developed through respect and trust.
M12           Yes/No     Explain the importance of understanding the ‘pattern of life’
                         within your AO, be able to identify when things are not
                         ‘normal’.

5. Task Title: Explain COIN Operations
Task Description: To eliminate insurgent activity, cells and networks within an assigned area of
operations; separate the insurgents from the populace and deny them safe haven; expand local
capacity and promote a stable, secure environment; protect the population and deny freedom of
movement to the insurgents; influence the population's perceptions of U.S. forces and GIRoA
                                                                                             Enclosure 2

legitimacy and capabilities and to discredit the insurgency; target, attack and defeat threat networks in
accordance with concept of operations and commanders intent.

Measures:

Measures:     Scale:      Description:

M1            Yes/No      Understand the ISAF framework for operations.

M2            Yes/No      Understand the requirement for integrated action across the
                          three lines of operation: security, governance, and
                          reconstruction and development.
M3            Yes/No      Understand the phased approach to COIN operations: Shape,
                          Clear, Hold, Build.
M4            Yes/No      Understand the current and prospective roles of the ANP in
                          conducting best practice COIN Ops
M5            Yes/No      Understand how the non-military stakeholders (Aid
                          organizations, GIROA, UNAMA, NGO) contribute to COIN
                          Ops.
M6            Yes/No      Explain the three lines of COIN operations: Security,
                          Governance, and Reconstruction and Development.
M7            Yes/No      Explain the phased approach to COIN operations: Shape,
                          Clear, Hold, and Build.
M8            Yes/No      Explain how to align the lines of operation with the phases to
                          create an integrated approach to planning COIN Operations.

6. Task Title: Understand Local perception of the situation in Afghanistan
Task Description: Individuals must understand how the average Afghan feels about the current
situation in Afghanistan; how they feel about their government, the ANSF, ISAF, and the insurgents.

Measures:

Measures:     Scale:      Description:

M1            Yes/No      Understand that perception is reality

M2            Yes/No      Understand that the average Afghan is not supportive of the
                          Taliban however, is concerned about the commitment of the
                          international community.
M3            Yes/No      Understand the importance of determining the difference
                          between what people want, what they need and the issues that
                          cause instability. Address the issues that fuel instability and
                          ensure that it is sustainable.
M4            Yes/No      Understand the importance of determining the difference
                          between what people want what they need and the issues that
                          cause instability. Explain the requirement to address the issues
                          that fuel instability with sustainable projects.


8. Task Title: Explain the ISAF Mission and COMISAFs Intent
                                                                                         Enclosure 2

Task Description:
Measures:

Measures:    Scale:      Description:

M1           Yes/No      Explain the ISAF Mission, OP PLAN and Commander’s
                         Intent.




9. Task Title: Understand Basic Dari and Pashtu Phrases
Task Description: Individuals must understand certain language phrases in order to build rapport
with the local Afghans they encounter.

Measures:

Measures:    Scale:      Description:

M1           Yes/No      Understand Basic Greeting in Dari

M2           Yes/No      State Basic Greeting in Dari

M3           Yes/No      Understand Yes/No in Dari

M4           Yes/No      State Yes/No in Dari

M5           Yes/No      Understand Thank you in Dari

M6           Yes/No      State Thank you in Dari

M7           Yes/No      Understand Good-bye in Dari

M8           Yes/No      State Good-bye in Dari

M9           Yes/No      Understand Basic Greeting in Pashtu

M10          Yes/No      State Basic Greeting in Pashtu

M11          Yes/No      Understand Yes/No in Pashtu

M12          Yes/No      State Yes/No in Pashtu

M13          Yes/No      Understand Thank you in Pashtu

M14          Yes/No      State Thank you in Pashtu

M15          Yes/No      Understand Good-bye in Pashtu
                                                                                       Enclosure 2

M16          Yes/No      State Good-bye in Pashtu



11. Task Title: Understand Cultural Mores
Task Description: Individuals must have an understanding of how Afghan culture effects operations
in Afghanistan.

Measures:

Measures:    Scale:      Description:

M1           Yes/No      Understand Pashtu Wali

M2           Yes/No

								
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