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					Windows 7 Enterprise Upgrades:
The Costs and the Benefits
– Shane O'Neill, CIO, February 24, 2010

―Windows XP has been called "the operating
systems that won't die" — and with good reason.
Eight and a half years after its release, XP still
powers 80 percent of all Windows-based
enterprise PCs, according to research firm
Forrester. ―
Key dates around the coming retirement
of Windows XP
    Retail and OEM partners: June 30, 2008
    System builders: January 30, 2009

Customers will still be able to get XP as part of
downgrade rights, both via
    Volume license agreements (companies can
    get with as few as 5 licenses)
    When purchasing Windows Vista Ultimate and Windows Vista
    Business (downgrade rights are part of the license)

This does not impact technical support. Technical
support will continue to be available through
    Mainstream: through 2009
    Extended: through April 2014
Windows XP              Windows XP SP2         Windows XP SP2
  Launch                    Launch              End of Support

                          October 2004             July 2010
October 2001

What does it mean to you?
     You will no longer receive security patches, hotfixes, or
     incident support.
     Running on an older OS platform is - on a technical
     level - less secure, harder to manage, and expensive
     to maintain
     Running on an older OS platform also exposes you to
     possible business and regulatory risks.
• Windows 7 includes a number of new features, such as:

• Handwriting recognition, support for virtual hard disks, improved performance on
  multi-core processors, improved boot performance, DirectAccess, Windows
  PowerShell included, kernel improvements, as well as support for systems using
  multiple heterogeneous graphics cards from different vendors.

• Many new items have been added to the Control Panel, including ClearType Text
  Tuner, Display Color Calibration Wizard, Gadgets, Recovery, Troubleshooting,
  Workspaces Center, Location and Other Sensors, Credential Manager, Biometric
  Devices, System Icons, and Display.

•   Windows Security Center has been renamed to Windows Action Center (Windows
    Health Center and Windows Solution Center in earlier builds) which encompasses
    both security and maintenance of the computer.

• Improved media features, the XPS Essentials Pack, and a redesigned Calculator

• The taskbar has seen the biggest visual changes with buttons for pinned
  applications, Jump Lists, Aero Peek, Aero Snap

• Windows 7 now adds libraries, arrangement view and search filters
• For developers, Windows 7 includes a new networking API with support for building SOAP-
  based web services in native code
• New features to shorten application install times, reduced UAC prompts, simplified development
  of installation packages, and improved globalization support through a new Extended Linguistic
  Services API. Color depths of 30-bit and 48-bit would be supported in Windows 7 along with the
  wide color gamut scRGB
• Better support for Solid State Drives and Windows 7 will be able to identify a Solid State Drive

• Internet Spades, Internet Backgammon and Internet Checkers, which were removed from
  Windows Vista, were restored in Windows 7.

• Windows 7 will include Internet Explorer 8 (except in Europe where IE is not included at all) and
  Windows Media Player 12.
• Windows 7 will allow users to disable Internet Explorer, users will also be able to disable many
  more Windows components than was possible in Windows Vista.

• Includes 13 additional sound schemes
• It allows multiple Windows environments, including Windows XP Mode, to run on the same
  machine, requiring the use of Intel VT-x or AMD-V.
• Furthermore Windows 7 supports to mount a virtual hard disk (VHD) as a normal data storage,
  and the bootloader delivered with Windows 7 can boot the Windows system from a VHD.
• The Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) of Windows 7 is also enhanced to support real-time
  multimedia application including video playback and 3D games. That means the Direct X 10 can
  be used in a remote desktop environment.                   
according to                                                                           2 months later it has
                                                                                                        DOUBLE the market share
                                                                                                         WW as all versions of
                                 Windows 7 Trend of % WW Market Share                                         Mac OS X

10.00%                       Operating System                         WW % Market Share
                                                                                   2 months after                      8.92%
                             Windows XP                                          release, it had 0.7%
 8.00%                                                                           more market share          7.57%
                             Windows Vista                                      17% as Mac OS X
 7.00%                       Windows 7                                           9%
 6.00%                       Mac OS X                                            5%              5.71%

                             Other                                               2%
                             Linux2.5 months before                              1%   4.00%
 4.00%                             release it had the
                             Java same market share                              1%
 3.00%                               WW as Linux
                             Windows 2000                                        1%
 2.00%                       Windows NT                           1.52%          1%
                             Windows 98
                               0.75%                                             0%
 1.00%               0.56%
                             Windows CE                                          0%
         April, 2009 May, 2009 Windows ME 2009
                               June, 2009 July,     August,                       0%
                                                                September, October, November, December,    January,   February,
                                                     2009          2009     2009      2009      2009         2010       2010

                             Report generated Monday, March 08, 2010 1:19:06 AM

  By Seth Rosenblatt on 18 August 2009
    “Windows 7 is more than just spin. It's stable, smooth and highly polished”
            Windows XP                                              Windows Vista                                             Windows 7
                                                                    •Processor: 1GHz
            •Processor: 300MHz                                                                                                •Processor: 1GHz
                                                                    •RAM: 1GB (32-bit), 2GB (64-bit)
            •RAM: 128MB                                                                                                       •RAM: 1GB (32-bit), 2GB (64-bit)
hardware    •Super VGA graphics device
            •HD: 4.2GB (for SP3)
                                                  Same or Less Resources Needed
                                                                    •Support for DirectX 9 graphics device with 128MB of
                                                                                                                              •Support for DirectX 9 graphics device with 128MB of memory
                                                                                                                              •HD: 16GB (32-bit), 20GB (64-bit)
                                                                    •HD: 20GB (32-bit), 40GB (64-bit)
                                                                 •Aero theme                                                  •Aero theme
            • theme
                                                                 •Introduces transparent panes, window animations, live       •Supports slideshow backgrounds, RSS and theme packs
            •Introduces task-based windows options
            •Skinning possible but difficult
            •Desktop Cleanup Wizard automates removing old icons
                                                                     Enhanced Interface
                                                                 thumbnails of running programs
                                                                 •New desktop sidebar supports gadgets
                                                                                                                              •Introduces Aero Shake and Aero Snap
                                                                                                                              •Desktop gadgets can be placed anywhere
                                                                 •Supports touchscreens                                       •Supports multi-touch on touchscreens
                                                                    •Task pane integrated into toolbar
            •Replaces tree navigation by default with task pane
                                                                    •New breadcrumb navigation                                •Support for federated searches and libraries
            •Improves image handling
            •Offers thumbnail previews and group views
            •Supports some metadata
                                                      Enhanced File System / Search
                                                                    •New metadata display
                                                                    •Improved icon resolution
                                                                                                                              •Virtual folders aggregate content from local and networked
                                                                    •Some documents can be edited from the preview pane
                                                                                                                              •Taskbar jumps appear in the Start menu and replace the
                                                                    •Added search box
           •New layout                                                                                                        right column when viewed
                                                                    •All Programs folder changed to a nested format
Start menu •Devices and some Control Panel options appear in                                                                  •Documents, Pictures, Music buttons now link to their libraries
                                                                    •Configurable power button
           menu                                                                                                               •Control Panel options have been integrated into search
                                                                    •User profile picture

                                                 Enhanced Taskbar and Start Menu                                              •Interactive mouse-over preview panes
                                                                                                                              •Replacement of the Quick Launch bar with pinned programs
            •New look                                               •Refreshed look
Taskbar                                                                                                                       •Program-specific jump lists based on pinned programs
            •Icons can be hidden in the System Tray                 •Alt-Tab hot key now shows preview thumbnail of program
                                                                                                                              •Aero Peek for mouse-over desktop viewing
                                                                                                                              •Revamped System Tray

                                                                    •Debuts portable device API, designed to communicate with
            •Introduces Universal Plug-n-Play
                                                                                                                              •New Device Stage provides a centralised, unified window for
            necessary  Enhanced Device Management / Device Certification
            •New driver library allows for downgrading drivers when
                                                                    mobile phones, PDAs and portable media players
                                                                    •Introduces Sync Center for managing data
                                                                                                                              managing all aspects of printers and portable devices

            •Introduces context-menu CD and DVD burning from
                                                                   •Built-in drive partitioning
            Windows Explorer
                                                                   •More powerful screen-capturing tool                       •Expands Windows Explorer disc burning to include ISOs

                  Enhanced Security, Management, Deployment, Mobility,
            •Supports multiple versions of a single DLL to prevent
            programs from overwriting each other
                                                                   •Hybrid Sleep and better configuration options for more
                                                                   nuanced power management
                                                                                                                              •Introduces XP Mode
                                                                                                                              •Expanded options for disabling components
            •Introduces Hibernate and Sleep modes
                                                                   •User-based file-type associations                         •Can search text in scanned TIFF
                   Energy, Performance, Stability, Print, Remote, etc etc
            •Remote Desktop for accessing a computer from another
                                                                   •Previous Version automatically backs up changes to
                                                                   individual files
                                                                                                                              •Additional power-saving features for laptops
            •Fast user account switching
  ―[With Windows 7 security
 enhancements], we will save                   ―Up to 98 percent of our
 up to U.S.$10 for each of our                 applications run well on
15,000 PCs. That equals up to                  Windows 7 without any
     $150,000 in savings.‖                        work on our part‖
           -Bombardier                                   -CDW

  ―We have seen deployment savings of approximately 30 minutes per
   system with Windows 7. Annually we deploy about 1,000 systems,
                 which is a timesaving of 500 hours.‖
• Total direct IT       • Total direct IT         • Total direct IT
  savings of $191 per     savings of $141 per       savings of $111 per
  PC per year             PC per year               PC per year
• 18% reduction of PC   • $38 annual savings in   • 29% reduction in IT
  management costs        power cost per PC         time spent on OS
• Reduced Labor           (over 50% power           deployment
  needed to build or      consumption             • Estimated 25%
  re-image PCs by 2       reduction)                fewer helpdesk calls
  hours per PC, or      • Image management          (savings $45/pc/
  50%                     and deployment time       year)
                          reduced by 50%
                      Annual Cost
                      Savings /PC

   Power Savings
Total Direct IT                              Up to
Costs Savings                                     of Direct IT Costs

Management Best                            with MDOP (Up to $280/ PC total savings potential
                                    with end user productivity gains of additional $125 annual savings)
Practices w/ APP-V
Application Compatibility     Application Compatibility      Application Compatibility
         Toolkit                       Toolkit                        Toolkit

 Asset Inventory Service    Windows Compatibility Center     Application Virtualization

Microsoft Assessment and    Application Quality Cookbook   Application Quality Cookbook
                                 Application Verifier       Virtual Legacy Windows OS
  System Center Family
                                                       Windows XP Windows Vista Windows
Feature                                                   SP3         SP1          7

Windows PowerShell™ 2.0                                 Download    Download        Included

Scripting of Group Policy Settings – Requires Remote
Server Administration Tools for Windows 7                  No           No             Yes

Group Policy Preferences                                Download    Download        Included

Windows Recovery Environment                               No           Yes        Improved

Windows Troubleshooting Platform                           No           No            New

Unified Tracing                                           Yes           Yes        Improved

Problem Steps Recorder                                     No           No            New

Remote Access to Reliability Data                          No           No            New

                                                                   *Comparison to Enterprise Version
                                         •   Jump Lists
                                         •   Thumbnail toolbar
                                         •   Aero Snap
                                         •   Aero Shake
                                         •   Aero Peek
                                         •   Improved Gadgets
Networking Improvements                  •   Overlay Icons, Progress Bar on Icons
•   Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
    based on Quality of Services
•   Unified Tracing                                                                 Remote Desktop
•   Smart Network Power                                                             •   Remote Desktop Host
•   Wake on wireless LAN                                                            •   Multi monitor support
•   Domain Name System security                                                     •   Remote applications can run directly from
    (DNSsec)                                                                            the start menu
•   Network Management                                                              •   Enhanced Multimedia support
    Improvements                                                                    •   Support for VPN Reconnect
•   Branch Cache                                                                    •   Performance enhancement to the RDP
•   Virtual Private network (VPN)                                                       protocol
    Reconnect                                                                       •   Support for more encryption protocols
•   DirectAccess                                                                    •   DirectAccess, and BranchCache support
•   BranchCache
•   Remoted Desktop Protocol 7.0
•   IPv6 changes
•   View Available Networks

                                     Tablet Interface improvements
                                     •   Multi-touch
                                     •   Improved handwriting recognition, and
                                         support for more languages
                                     •   Math Input Panel

                                                                                        *Comparison to Enterprise Version
                                          •   Print experience improvements
                                          •   Location Aware printing
Group Policy                              •   Printer driver isolation
                                                                              Resource, Diagnostic and
•   800+ More                                                                 Compatibility Improvements
•   Group Policy Service                                                      •   Fault Tolerant Application Memory Heap
•   Network Location Awareness                                                •   Program Compatibility Troubleshooter
•   Group Policy Preferences                                                  •   Windows System Assessment (WinSAT)
•   Group Policy Logging                                                      •   Enhanced Diagnostics
•   Group Policy Templates                                                    •   Remote Assistance Easy Connect
•   Multiple Local Group Policy                                               •   Application Compatibility
    Objects                                                                   •   System Restore Improvements
•   Starter Group Policy Objects                                              •   Windows Recovery Environment
•   Group Policy PowerShell cmdlets                                           •   Windows Troubleshooting Platform
•   Roaming User Profile                                                      •   Resource Monitor
    Improvements                                                              •   Windows PowerShell remote
•   Domain Join with Group Policy                                                 troubleshooting
    Control                                                                   •   Advanced and customized troubleshooting
                                                                              •   Improved Reliability Monitor
                                                                              •   Problem Step Recorder
                                                                              •   Process Reflection
                                                                              •   Performance Monitor
                                                                              •   Device Stage and other device experience

                                      Data Recovery
                                      •   File back up and restore
                                      •   CompletePC™ image-based backup
                                      •   System Restore
                                      •   Volume Shadow Copies
                                      •   Volume Revert

                                                                                    *Comparison to Enterprise Version
                                                               Windows XP Windows Vista Windows
Feature                                                           SP3         SP1          7

Deployment Image Servicing & Management                            No          Yes     Improved

Dynamic Driver Provisioning                                        No          No        New

Volume Activation                                                  No          Yes     Improved

Multicast Multiple Stream Transfer                                 No          No        New

User State Migration Tool                                         Yes          Yes     Improved

VHD Image Management & Deployment                                  No          No        New
Rich Remoting
Experience (Multimedia, Bi‐directional Audio, Multi‐Monitor)       No          No        New

VHD Boot                                                           No          No        New
Deployment Image Servicing       Microsoft Deployment Toolkit               Application Compatibility Tools
and Management                                                              •    Application Compatibility Toolkit
                                 • Microsoft Deployment Toolkit 2010
• Dynamic Driver Provisioning                                               •    Asset Inventory Service
• Add/Remove Drivers             • Windows Automated Installation Kit 2.0   •    Microsoft Assessment and Planning
                                                                            •    Windows Compatibility Center
  and Packages                   • Windows PE 3.0
• WIM and VHD Image Management                                              •    Compatible Applications List
• Volume Activation                                                         •    Application Quality Cookbook
                                                                            •    Application Verifier
                                                                            •    System Center Family
                                                                            •    Application Virtualization
                                                                            •    Virtual Legacy Windows OS (MED-V,
                                                                                 XP Mode)

VHD and WIM Support                                                             User State Migration Tool
• VHD Boot                                                                      • Hard-link Migration, which enables
• Single image for VDI and                                                        local file migration without
  physical machines                                                               copying or moving files, and
• Servicing can be as short as                                                    processes migration jobs in third
  specialization times                                                            of the time or less
• Easy to redeploy an OS if                                                     • Offline User State Capture
  personality is abstracted                                                     • Offline File Gather
                                                                                • Improved user file detection
                                    Windows Deployment
                                    • Multicast
                                    • Multiple Stream Transfer
                                    • Dynamic Driver Provisioning

                                                                                  *Comparison to Enterprise Version
  Image Servicing                   Windows                           User State
  and Management               Deployment Services                   Migration Tool

Add/Remove Drivers and        Multiple Stream Transfer             Hard-link Migration
                            Dynamic Driver Provisioning            Offline File Gather
 WIM and VHD Image
    Management                 VHD and WIM Support             Improved user file detection

        Microsoft         Application              Microsoft
     Assessment and      Compatibility            Deployment
        Planning            Toolkit                 Toolkit
Security                                                                     Windows XP Windows Vista
 • Security Development Lifecycle (SDL)
Feature                                                                          SP3               SP1        Windows 7
        • Windows Vista is a more secure operating system than Windows XP using defense‐in‐depth approaches.
BitLocker™ Drive Encryption‐ Requires Windows Vista or Windows
 • Windows BitLocker™ Drive Encryption
        • Windows Vista helps secure data on portable computers by providing whole‐volume encryption and protection
7 Enterprise                                                                      No               Yes          Improved
           of early boot components.
 • Windows Firewall
BitLocker To Go™‐ Requires Windows 7 Enterprise                                   No               No              New
        • Both operating systems include firewall functionality, but Windows Vista includes inbound and outbound
           filtering, whereas Windows XP only includes inbound filtering.
        • Windows Firewall in Windows Vista
AppLocker™‐ Requires Windows 7 Enterprise can dynamically apply rules based No the current network type, making the
                                                                                   on              No              New
           computer more secure on public networks.
 • Windows Defender
           In Windows Profiles                                                    No
Multiple•Active Firewall Vista, Windows Defender is enabled by default; however, Windows DefenderNo an optional New
           download for Windows XP.
 • Internet Explorer 7 Protected Mode
Granular Audit                                                                    No               Yes          Improved
        • In Windows Vista, browsing the Internet with Internet Explorer 7 is more secure than in Windows XP.
 • Microsoft ActiveX® Installer Service
        • With Windows Vista, organizations can deploy, update, and manage ActiveX controls in environmentsImproved
User Account Control                                                              No               Yes           that use
           standard user accounts.
        •Name System Vista, organizations can use Group Policy to manage the installation of ActiveX controls. New
Domain In Windows Security Extensions                                             No               No
 • Defense in Depth
        • In Windows Vista, DEP is enabled by default for most components, and the operating system enables
Smart Card Support to enable DEP in their code.
           developers                                                             Yes              Yes          Improved
        • Windows Vista includes ASLR, which makes it difficult for malicious code to exploit system functions.
        • Windows Vista introduces service hardening, which restricts the rights available to some system services.
Biometric Support                                                              3rd Party        3rd Party          New
             Network Security                   Internet Explore 8               DirectAccess
             •   Policy based networking        Help protect users against:      • Security enhanced, seamless, always
             •   Multi-Home Firewall Profiles   • Social engineering, privacy,     on connection to corporate network
             •   DNSSec Support                   Browser based, and Web         • Improved management of remote users
             •   Multiple Active Firewalls        server exploits                • Consistent security for all access
             •   Internet Protocol security                                        scenarios
                 (IPSec) improvements

User Account Control
• Streamlined UAC
• Standard user can do even more

                                                                                            Network Access Protection
                                                                                            • Ensure compliance upon access
AppLocker                                                                                   • Access remediation
• Application ―with listing‖ control                                                          enforcement
• Enables application

             BitLocker                          Right Management                 Encrypting File System
             • BitLocker encryption for local   Services                         • User-based file and folder encryption
                                                • Policy based, collaboration
             • BitLocker To Go for USB
                                                  and document level rights
             • Group Policy enforcement

                                                                                          *Comparison to Enterprise Version
                                                                                Windows XP   Windows     Windows
Category             Feature                                                       SP3       Vista SP1      7

 File Organization                                                               Separate
and Search           Desktop Search                                              Download      Yes       Improved

                     Libraries                                                     No           No         New

                     Search Federation                                             No           No         New

                     Enterprise Search Scopes ‐ Requires Windows 7 Enterprise      No           No         New

                     DirectAccess – Requires Windows 7
Remote Access        Enterprise, Windows Server® 2008 R2                           No           No         New

                     VPN Reconnect                                                 No           No         New

                     BranchCache™ ‐ Requires Windows 7
                     Enterprise, Windows Server 2008 R2                            No           No         New

                     Mobile Broadband                                              No           No         New

                     RemoteApp & Desktop Connections                               No           No         New
                                            Windows Search
                                            Find information on your local
                                            computer and other windows
Libraries                                   computers                                 Enterprise Search Scopes
• Organize information on multiple
                                                                                      • Quickly rescope searches to
                                                                                        corporate approved repositories
                                                                                      • Controlled via Group Policy

Enhanced Remote
• Remote Desktop Host
• Multi monitor support
• Remote applications can run                                                         Federated Search
  directly from the start menu                                                        • Find information on remote
• Enhanced Multimedia support                                                           repositories integrated with Windows
• Support for VPN Reconnect                                                             Explorer
• Performance enhancement to the                                                      • Perform searches across the
  RDP protocol                                                                          company’s information resources
• Support for more encryption                                                           directly from Windows Explorer
• DirectAccess, and BranchCache
  support                            Mobility and Power Management
                                     • Adaptive Display Brightness
                                     • Offline File improvements
                                     • Enhanced Mobility Center
                                     • Improved Battery Live
                                     • Improved Power Management and enforcement
                                       via Group Policy
                                     • Using Powercfg to evaluate energy efficiency
                                                                                         *Comparison to Enterprise Version
Works The Way You                Get More Done              Safeguard Your
      Want                                                      Work

Fundamentals                  Ease of Use and              Security
   Faster and more reliable     Productivity                  Streamlined UAC
                                 Windows Desktop              IE8 Malware and
                                 Search                       Phishing Protection,
   Windows XP Mode*
                                 Enhanced Taskbar             SmartScreen Filter
Networking                       Snap, Peek, Shake            Windows Defender
   HomeGroup                     Libraries                 Backup
   Domain Join and Group         IE8 Accelerators             Advanced Backup
   Policy Control
                              Mobility                        Restore Previous File
Troubleshooting                  Location-Aware Printing      Versions
   Action Center                 Mobility Center with         Encrypting File System
   Problem Steps Recorder        Presentation Settings
                                 Remote Desktop Host
                                 Offline Files
  Make End Users      Improve Security and    Streamline PC
Productive Anywhere         Control           Management

   Direct Access         BitLocker           PowerShell
   BranchCache           BitLocker To Go     Windows
   Federated             AppLocker           Troubleshooting
   Search                Security            Platform
   Navigation            development         Deployment Tools
   IE8 Web               lifecycle           VDI
   Standards             IE8 InPrivate       Enhancements
                         Filtering           IE8 Group Policies
Current Platform           Key Reasons

                         More Secure and Dependable
                   1.      User Account Protection, more secure boot,      ○ ○ ●
                           anti-spyware and anti-phishing
                                                                           ○ ○ ●
                   2.      Restart Manager (fewer reboots)
                   3.      Instant-on and quick-launch/open
                                                                           ○ ○ ●
                         Deployable and Manageable
                   4.      Image creation and migration tools              ○ ○ ●
                   5.      Enhanced software distribution, management      ○ ◒ ●
                           tools and instrumentation
                         Search, Organize and Share
                   6.      Fast search and new ways to visualize and
                                                                           ○ ○ ●
                           organize - lists, virtual folders and filters   ○ ○ ●
                   7.      Easy sharing and ad hoc meetings
                         Mobile and Connected                              ○   ◒   ●
                   8.      Anywhere, anytime access
                   9.      Synchronization manager, mobile transitions
                                                                           ○   ◒   ●
                         Next Generation Platform
                   10.     Smart, connected applications                   ○ ● ●

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