French and Indian War
1754 – 1763
French & Indian Wars – World Wars
that started in Europe and spread to
King William’s War – 1689-1697
Queen Anne’s War – 1702-1713
King George’s War – 1744-1748
Who was going to control the land
west of the Appalachian Mountains
and along the Ohio River Valley
(Struggle for a Continent)
Native Americans Must
Choose a Side
“You and the French are like the two
edges of a pair of shears. And we
are the cloth which is to be cut to
pieces between them.”
One large colony built around the St.
Lawrence River, Great Lakes, and Mississippi
One Colonial Government
Fur Trade / Fishing / Farming
Good relations with Native Americans
13 colonies along the Atlantic Coast
13 Colonial Governments
Farming / Trade & Commerce / Fur
Poor Relations with Native Americans
French allied with Algonquian & Huron
English allied with Iroquois
Fur Trade was important to both sides,
but English had better trade goods at a
Native Americans are caught in the
Fort Duquesne (F) / Fort Pitt (B)
Fort Niagara (F)
Fort Carillon (F) / Fort Ticonderoga (B)
Fort St. Frederick (F) / Crown Point (B)
Fort Oswego (B)
Fort William Henry (B)
Battles and Leaders
Campaign 1754 – George Washington (B)
begins war with incident along Ohio Frontier.
Albany Congress – Ben Franklin (B) has
Albany Plan of Union.
Campaign 1755 – Gen. Edward Braddock (B)
defeated at Ft. Duquesne (F)
Sir William Johnson (B) defeats French at the
Battles of Lake George (B) and builds Ft.
William Henry (B)
Marquis de Montcalm (F)
appointed commander in
America – he captures
and destroys Ft. Oswego
William Pitt (B) elected Prime Minister of
England and changes the direction of
the war in North America
Montcalm (F) – captures and destroys Ft.
William Henry (B) “Last of the
Robert Rogers (B) – Roger’s Rangers –
A FINE FRENCH & INDIAN WAR PERIOS PATTERN 1738 LAND SERVICE HEAVY DRAGOON
PISTOL, by E. JORDAN dtd. 1742
Gunstock War Club
Roger's Rangers vs.
Abenaki Indian 1759
Gen. James Wolfe (B) and Lord Jeffrey Amherst (B)
capture Louisbourg (F)
General James Abercrombie (B) – defeated by
Montcalm (F) at Ft. Carillon / Ft. Ticonderoga and
Lord George Howe (B) is killed.
Lt. Col. John Bradstreet (B) captures and destroys
Ft. Frontenac (F) a major supply fort for French
Gen. James Forbes (B) captures Ft. Duquesne (F)
and rebuilds it as Ft. Pitt (B).
Lord Jeffrey Amherst (B) captures Ft.
Carillon / Ticonderoga and Ft. St.
Frederic / Crown Point
Sir William Johnson (B) captures Ft.
Battle of Quebec (B) – Gen. James
Wolfe (B) defeats Montcalm (F)
Battle of Quebec – Death of Gen.
James Wolfe on the Plains of
Three British armies converge on
Montreal and Montreal Surrenders
Results – Treaty of Paris 1763
France lost all her land in North America
except Haiti and some fishing islands off
the coast of Canada
England got all French land east of the
Spain got all French land west of the
England got Florida from Spain