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French and Indian War French and Indian War 1754

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					French and Indian War


      1754 – 1763
French & Indian Wars – World Wars
that started in Europe and spread to
               America.
 King William’s War – 1689-1697
 Queen Anne’s War – 1702-1713
 King George’s War – 1744-1748
             Causes
Who was going to control the land
west of the Appalachian Mountains
and along the Ohio River Valley
(Ohio Country).
Fur Trade

(Struggle for a Continent)
  Native Americans Must
      Choose a Side
“You and the French are like the two
edges of a pair of shears. And we
are the cloth which is to be cut to
pieces between them.”
        French Colonies
One large colony built around the St.
Lawrence River, Great Lakes, and Mississippi
River
200,000 people
Catholic
One Colonial Government
Fur Trade / Fishing / Farming
Good relations with Native Americans
(Tolerance)
       English Colonies
13 colonies along the Atlantic Coast
1,200,000 people
Protestant
13 Colonial Governments
Farming / Trade & Commerce / Fur
Trade
Poor Relations with Native Americans
      Native Americans
French allied with Algonquian & Huron
English allied with Iroquois
Fur Trade was important to both sides,
but English had better trade goods at a
better price.
Native Americans are caught in the
middle.
                 Forts
Fort Duquesne (F) / Fort Pitt (B)
Louisbourg (F)
Quebec (F)
Montreal (F)
Fort Niagara (F)
Fort Carillon (F) / Fort Ticonderoga (B)
Fort St. Frederick (F) / Crown Point (B)
Fort Oswego (B)
Fort William Henry (B)
        Battles and Leaders
Campaign 1754 – George Washington (B)
 begins war with incident along Ohio Frontier.
  Albany Congress – Ben Franklin (B) has
 Albany Plan of Union.
Campaign 1755 – Gen. Edward Braddock (B)
 defeated at Ft. Duquesne (F)
  Sir William Johnson (B) defeats French at the
 Battles of Lake George (B) and builds Ft.
 William Henry (B)
          1756

Marquis de Montcalm (F)
 appointed commander in
 America – he captures
 and destroys Ft. Oswego
 (B)
                 1757
William Pitt (B) elected Prime Minister of
 England and changes the direction of
 the war in North America
Montcalm (F) – captures and destroys Ft.
 William Henry (B) “Last of the
 Mohicans”.
Robert Rogers (B) – Roger’s Rangers –
 stealth
                              PERIOD
A FINE FRENCH & INDIAN WAR PERIOS PATTERN 1738 LAND SERVICE HEAVY DRAGOON
PISTOL, by E. JORDAN dtd. 1742
Gunstock War Club
Robert Roger
Roger’s Rangers
Roger's Rangers vs.
Abenaki Indian 1759
                      1758
Gen. James Wolfe (B) and Lord Jeffrey Amherst (B)
   capture Louisbourg (F)
General James Abercrombie (B) – defeated by
   Montcalm (F) at Ft. Carillon / Ft. Ticonderoga and
   Lord George Howe (B) is killed.
Lt. Col. John Bradstreet (B) captures and destroys
   Ft. Frontenac (F) a major supply fort for French
   western forts.
Gen. James Forbes (B) captures Ft. Duquesne (F)
   and rebuilds it as Ft. Pitt (B).
                1759
Lord Jeffrey Amherst (B) captures Ft.
  Carillon / Ticonderoga and Ft. St.
  Frederic / Crown Point
Sir William Johnson (B) captures Ft.
  Niagara (F)
Battle of Quebec (B) – Gen. James
  Wolfe (B) defeats Montcalm (F)
Battle of Quebec – Death of Gen.
 James Wolfe on the Plains of
            Abraham
              1760
Three British armies converge on
Montreal and Montreal Surrenders
Results – Treaty of Paris 1763
 France lost all her land in North America
 except Haiti and some fishing islands off
 the coast of Canada
 England got all French land east of the
 Mississippi River
 Spain got all French land west of the
 Mississippi River
 England got Florida from Spain

				
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posted:11/11/2011
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