CONTENTS - Welcome to the London Borough of Newham by dffhrtcv3

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CONTENTS


         Chair's Foreword     ….     ….     ….       ….    ….     ….     ….    ….   3

A.       Executive Summary ….        ….     ….       ….    ….     ….     ….    ….   4
B.       Recommendations ….          ….     ….       ….    ….     ….     ….    ….   6


Part 1

1.       Introduction - Why Night-Time Economy was selected     ….       ….    ….   14
2.       Newham's current Night-Time Economy        ….   ….     ….       ….    ….   14
3.       The Vision and new housing provision for Newham's expanding
         population     ….     ….     ….    ….      ….   ….     ….       ….    ….   15
4.       Olympics and the development of Newham ….       ….     ….       ….    16
5.       The focus of the Commission        ….      ….   ….     ….       ….    16


Part 2

6.        Workstream 1: Town Centres in Newham ….          ….     ….      ….   17
7.        Workstream 2: Planning and the Night-Time Economy       ….      ….   ….   20
8.        Workstream 3: Licensing and the Night-time Economy      ….      ….   ….   27
9.        Workstream 4: Management of the Night-Time Economy ….           ….   30
10.       Workstream 5: Employment, Education and Entrepreneurship
         in Newham     ….      ….     ….      ….     ….    ….     ….      ….   ….   36
11.       Workstream 6: The Commission's visit to Hackney: the Shoreditch
          experience   ….      ….     ….      ….     ….    ….     ….      ….   ….   39
12.       Workstream 7: The Alternative Night-Time Economy - Uniquely
          Newham       ….      ….     ….      ….     ….    ….     ….      ….   ….   42
13.       Additions    ….      ….     ….      ….     ….    ….     …..     …    ….   45

         Appendix 1 - Acknowledgements      ….       ….    ….     ….     ….    ….   46
         Appendix 2 - Programme of Work     ….       ….    ….     ….     ….    ….   48




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Chair’s Foreword for the Night-Time Economy Commission Report
Going out to a nearby restaurant, walking out to a pub to meet with friends or heading down the
leisure centre after working late. All of these things form part of the Night-Time Economy and can
mean that residents enjoy living in Newham. More than this, they also increase the employment
opportunities available to locals. In this way our Commission is strongly linked to the Council’s
Vision: that Newham become a place where people choose to live and work.

We have had seven meetings and looked at the topic from many angles. I would like to thank
Councillors Ayub Korom Ali (Deputy Chair), Jonathan Knott, Councillor Paul Schafer, Denise
Stafford and Simon Tucker for their contributions.

I would also particularly like to thank those who gave evidence to the Commission and who took
the time to consider their work in this context. In particular the London Borough of Hackney, who
invited us to discuss their experiences (good and bad) about developing a Night-Time Economy
in their borough. I would also like to thank Amber Soni, Jonathan Shaw and Osman Khan, the
Scrutiny officers who have helped us with the work of the Commission.

Our recommendations are based on all of the evidence that we received and research from the
Household Panel Survey, our own independent research specifically around the Night-Time
Economy and our visit to the London Borough of Hackney. I believe that, if accepted, these
recommendations will have a positive influence on shaping the development of the Night-Time
Economy in the borough so that it is of benefit to our residents.




Cllr. Marie Collier
Chair, Night-Time Economy Scrutiny Commission




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A.   Executive Summary
     A well developed, diverse and well managed Night-Time Economy will help the Council
     and its partners to deliver the vision to make Newham a place where people choose to
     live and work. The Council has the chance to influence the development of a Night-Time
     Economy which is welcoming and appealing to all; giving the chance of whole family
     entertainment and diversion in a variety of venues. This approach may also allow the
     promotion of community cohesion by developing the Night-Time Economy as a forum for
     all parts of the community to safely mix.

     The Olympic and Paralympic Games 2012 give a unique impetus to the development of
     the Night-Time Economy and the associated cultural Olympiad will provide a golden
     opportunity to showcase what Newham has to offer by both day and night.

     The Commission has found that there is likely to be value in taking a co-ordinated
     approach to the redevelopment of Newham’s town centres, including after 6pm- the focus
     of this Commission’s work. The current valuable work on the creation of a Town Centre
     Vision is of worth and should add coherence to town centre management and the Night-
     Time Economy experience. This will also help to attract businesses as investors will be
     able to identify development opportunities.

     The Commission is of the view that each town centre should have a diverse economy
     offering a variety of shops and venues for both daytime and night-time use. These should
     be appropriate for the residents and visitors of each area (both in scale and type of
     provision). Further, the Commission is of the view that the vibrancy of the day and night
     time economies is dependent on a mixture of uses for town centre premises.

     A thriving Night-Time Economy can be a real asset to an area, both economically and
     reputationally. The Commission recognises, however, that a lively Night-Time Economy
     could have an unwelcome effect on our residents. It is, however, important that it is
     managed properly so that it enhances, rather than lessens, residents’ quality of life. The
     development of a lively and well managed Night-Time Economy in Newham could be
     promoted by a Night-Time Economy policy with clear strategies for different town centres.
     In busier areas this policy could be formalised with the provision in the Local Development
     Framework for the establishment of Entertainment Management Zones within Newham.
     This would allow the Council to take a pro-active approach, co-ordinated with local
     partners, as busier Night-Time Economy destinations develop.

     This approach may help to attract more national chains to invest in the area. Brands are
     valuable not just because they can bring experience of having operated in other
     regeneration areas but also because the recognition can bring reassurance- it is a seal of
     approval for the area. Sensitively managed, the arrival of more national chains may
     improve the situation for independent businesses.

     We learnt valuable lessons from Hackney about developing a thriving Night-Time
     Economy and spoke with them at length about their experience as Shoreditch developed.
     The Commission would like to thank them and our officers for their help. A key learning
     was that the Council needs to control how areas develop, so that shops and services
     cater for residents’ day-time needs as well as night-time visitors’ requirements. Newham
     has the opportunity to plan ahead to successfully manage the development of the Night-
     Time Economy. Planning needs to be pro-active in managing the potential conflicts
     which can arise from the needs of residents and businesses within Newham’s town
     centres. Issues such as mixed use buildings and the placing of both licensing and
     planning constraints on business operation (such as restaurants) need consideration. So
     too does the capacity to maintain a clean and attractive street scene during both the day
     and the night.


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We were also helped in our work by comprehensive and in-depth research carried out for
the Commission by the London East Research Institute of the University of East London.
Their research has been used to help us to form our recommendations.




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B.    Recommendations

MAYORAL RESPONSE TEMPLATE: FINAL SCRUTINY REPORT ON THE NIGHT-TIME ECONOMY SCRUTINY COMMISSION
Originating Scrutiny Commission: NIGHT-TIME ECONOMY
Chair of Scrutiny Commission:    COUNCILLOR MARIE COLLIER

No.   Recommendation                                         Responding     Recommended    If 'No', If 'Yes', timescale for
      (Scrutiny Officer to list all individually and in      Department     for adoption   reason implementation
      full)                                                  or             (Yes/No)       and
                                                             organisation                  what
                                                                                           action,
                                                                                           if any
                                                                                           is pro-
                                                                                           posed
                                                                                           instead

WORKSTREAM 1: TOWN CENTRES IN NEWHAM
1.  That a detailed strategy be developed for each Regeneration             YES                      The Vision for Newham Town Centres is subject
    town centre and that this is disseminated by the and                                             to discussion at Cabinet on 21st June 2007. The
    use of implementation plans for each town Development                                            Vision provides the strategic framework for
      centre. These implementation plans should be                                                   delivery of action plans in each Town Centre.
      regularly updated and take into account the role
      of local partners and stakeholders (such as
      Thames Gateway). They should also link to the
                                                                                                     A process of prioritisation will taken place,
      Local Development Framework. Town Centre                                                       based on discussion at Cabinet where 2/ 3
      Managers should work closely with Public Realm                                                 centres will be prioritised for the development of
      and Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour, for                                                       full action plans from September 2007 – April
      example, to ensure that issues can be resolved                                                 2008.
      quickly and effectively. They should work closely
      with the Business Development Team. Links with
      local councillors and local representatives are
      also important in light of the need to reflect local
      opinion.   The use of innovative consultation
      techniques should also be considered.




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WORKSTREAM 2: PLANNING AND THE NIGHT-TIME ECONOMY
2   That the Development Control Manual (to be part Regeneration YES   Before a timescale is identified Legal opinion is
    of the Local Development Framework) contains and                   required on the risks of planning appeals /
    policies which restrict the loss of pubs, Development              inquiries and the consequences of such
      restaurants and other entertainment venues.                      appeals.
      This would preserve amenity value for residents
      by maintaining an effective mix of residential and
      day and night-time leisure and retail uses. The
      Development Control Manual should also include
      policies regarding the need for larger venues, as
      well as those of more modest size. Family
      occasions such as weddings and events such as
      concerts may require the preservation, or
      creation, of larger venues within Newham.
      Additionally policies should aim to restrict the
      growth of A5 use (hot takeaway use is currently
      promoted under policy SH20 in the Unitary
      Development Plan) in light of the perceived high
      number of such outlets and their associated
      health and litter implications. The Council’s
      Community Well-Being power could be of
      possible use in supporting this policy.
3     The Commission is of the view that the Regeneration      YES     A Policy relating to the Night-time Economy
      development of a core policy regarding the Night- and            has been incorporated into the Core
      Time Economy within the Local Development Development            Strategy. The Council’s preferred option in
      Framework is vital to the delivery of the Council's              relation to the Night-Time Economy is
      Vision. The development of a Night-Time
                                                                       outlined below:
      Economy will make Newham a more attractive
      place to live and work as well as drawing in
                                                                       The Council will encourage the development of the
      investment and enterprise and creating jobs. A
                                                                       Night-Time Economy in the Borough. The Council
      clearly expressed, outcome focused, core policy
                                                                       will support the development of night-time uses in
      will attract businesses who want to contribute to
                                                                       existing town centres. Any proposals should comply
                                                                       with all other relevant planning policies.




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     the regeneration of the area through the                               The Council aim to publicly consult on the Core
     development of the Night-Time Economy, so                              Strategy this summer, and therefore this policy
     encouraging a diverse mix of offerings which                           is subject to change.
     should appeal to the whole community.
4    Officers should undertake an audit of those Regeneration     PARTIAL   Agree that not all derelict Council buildings
     council-owned and public-sector owned buildings and                    would be suitable for night-time uses. A number
     and sites which are not in use and which could Development             of these sites would be better suited to meeting
     contribute to regeneration.      It is, however,                       other Council objectives (e.g. housing,
     acknowledged that not all such properties will be
                                                                            community etc).
     suitable for night-time uses. The audit should be
     undertaken with a view to bringing these
     properties back into use or redeveloping them.                         Two projects / issues of relevance – Newham
     This will increase the number of properties                            Commercial Property Management, Newham
     available for possible Night-Time Economy uses                         Development Vehicle and Jackie Morrison’s list
     and should also improve a sense of safety as                           of heritage sites we want to keep an eye on.
     abandoned buildings can attract anti-social
     behaviour. The Council should look at innovative                       Identified sites can be incorporated into a
     ways to drive this, using the Community Well-                          document which forms part of the LDF called
     Being power. The Commission notes the planned                          the Site Specific Allocations documents. This
     establishment of the Newham Development Trust                          will identify site-specific proposals for a number
     and welcomes this.
                                                                            of sites in the borough with the aim of bringing
                                                                            these sites forward for development for their
                                                                            designated land use. The preparation of this
                                                                            document is due to start at the beginning of
                                                                            2008.
WORKSTREAM 3: LICENSING AND THE NIGHT-TIME ECONOMY
5   The Commission found that there is value in Regeneration YES            There are already close links between
    strengthening the links between Licensing, and                          departments / sections on enforcement
    Planning and Regeneration, Policing and Public Development
     Realm. The designation of Entertainment                                From January 2008 the new Town Centre
     Management Zones in the Local Development
                                                                            Management Team will be able to co-ordinate
     Framework     as   appropriate   and   further
     development of a politically co-ordinated
                                                                            department activity – both proactive and
     approach to the development of the Night-Time                          reactive.
     Economy



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     would allow the Council to positively influence the                   As a precursor, Business Development are
     development of Newham’s town centres.                                 pulling together an Internal Business Group
                                                                           comprised of officers involved in delivering
                                                                           services which affect businesses – this may
                                                                           meet by May / June 2007

                                                                           The Planning policy team seek the designation
                                                                           of Entertainment Management Zones (EMZ) to
                                                                           be a long term objective. Currently the borough
                                                                           has an underdeveloped Night-Time Economy
                                                                           and therefore we see no reason to designate an
                                                                           area as an EMZ, as there is very little to
                                                                           manage. As the Night-Time Economy develops
                                                                           in specific areas, EMZ could be designated
                                                                           accordingly. Any future EMZ designations could
                                                                           be led by the Town Centre Strategies /
                                                                           Implementation Plans.
WORKSTREAM 4: MANAGEMENT OF THE NIGHT-TIME ECONOMY
6   In Newham most reports of Anti-Social Behaviour Licensing YES          Licensing - It is current practice to use
    between 10pm and 6am are linked to noise and Planning (Licensing)      regulatory powers to seek to minimise public
    nuisance. Any development of the Night-Time               YES          nuisance by consideration of license
    Economy should seek to minimise additional                (Planning)   applications and variations and the effect of the
     noise nuisance. Through imposing Licensing
                                                                           activities of licensed premises in contributing to
     conditions and ensuring as far as possible the
     potential for noise nuisance is minimised (e.g.
                                                                           public nuisance. Additionally existing powers
     good sound insulation and sensible location of                        can be used to review licenses where public
     Night-Time Economy venues in relation to                              nuisance becomes a problem.
     residential buildings). In order to avoid conflict
     future residential developments should be                             Licensing will continue to invite comments from
     considered in light of the nature of nearby                           the responsible authorities, including with
     businesses- existing venues may produce noise                         Planning and other service areas where a
     in the course of their operation.                                     licence has been called in for review and will
                                                                           accept comments made upon receipt of an
                                                                           application for a new or varied licence.



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                                                                                          Planning - Existing planning policy,
                                                                                          environmental policy and development control
                                                                                          practices should ensure that the requirements in
                                                                                          this proposal are fulfilled. When a night-time use
                                                                                          (noisy use) is approved, the Development
                                                                                          Control 0fficer will attach a number of standard
                                                                                          conditions which will mitigate against any
                                                                                          adverse impacts.

                                                                                          With many mixed use schemes either being
                                                                                          considered or in the pipeline, planning
                                                                                          applications are being considered in the light of
                                                                                          promoting high quality design.
7   Enforcement should send out a ‘message’ about         Crime and      PARTIAL(         C/ASB- Public Realm and The Crime and Anti
    Newham’s expectations of residents and visitors.      Anti-Social    C/ASB),          Social Behaviour Service are already
    The Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour Service and       Behaviour      PARTIAL          developing improved working relationships with
    Police are working together to combat street          Service        (Public Realm)   regards to many environmental issue
    crime and anti-social behaviour such as littering.
                                                          &                               responses. Joint enforcement initiatives have
    The Commission welcomes the fact that Public
    Realm and the Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour
                                                          Public Realm                    proved successful in reversing inappropriate
    Service were beginning to work together in                                            behaviour, including littering and sustaining any
    enforcing littering fines. The Commission strongly                                    reduction.
    encourages and supports this collaboration and
    would recommend that it be continued and                                              The C/ASB service has an enforcement
    developed. In light of the Deputy Chief                                               responsibility and are using a wide range of
    Executive’s review of all enforcement activity, the                                   ASB tools and powers to tackle ASB. This is
    Commission recommends that all available                                              now primarily tackled through the use of Fixed
    enforcement powers are explored and used.                                             Penalty Notices (FPN’s), warning letters,
    Technology such as the Personal Digital                                               ASBO’s and other court prohibitions. There are
    Assistants used by traffic wardens may be useful.
                                                                                          no long term plans for a significant use of
    Good enforcement would
                                                                                          PDA’s.




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     improve attitudes towards the area and                                        The challenges to establishing an immediate
     encourage an atmosphere of responsibility and                                 response to any roll out of a Night-Time
     respect.                                                                      Economy would be the need for an additional
                                                                                   night-time shift and additional staffing.

                                                                                   Public Realm- Public Realm will continue to work
                                                                                   closely with C&ASB to enable the delivery of
                                                                                   improved enforcement activity.

                                                                                   On the issue of PDA's those will be for C/ASB to
                                                                                   deliver. If they do we, will look at aligning our
                                                                                   systems
WORKSTREAM 5: EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN NEWHAM
8   The Commission is keen for Night-Time Economy Regeneration YES                 Regeneration- Through partnerships with
    businesses in Newham to be provided both by &                 (Regeneration    auxiliary bodies such as Gateway to London
    big chain brands and also by local entrepreneurs. Development &                Regeneration will continue to promote the local
    We endorse the establishment of the Business and              Development)     area to entrepreneurs, resident businesses and
    Support and Information webpage and its Property &                             potential inward investors.
    facilities such as the “property search” function-
    which is a database of Council and commercially
                                                       Design     YES ( Property   Increase in usage of this service will be
    owned properties. We recommend further that                   and Design)      monitored after 12 months in order to measure
     this service be promoted through leafleting and                               awareness amongst targeted user groups.
     promotional events such as “open days”. Not only
     existing    businesses    but   also    potential                             Property & Design-
     entrepreneurs should be targeted in order to draw                             Property Services is currently in the process
     investment into the borough. Links with the East                              of up-dating its existing web-site, to reflect
     London Business Centre and with Workplace                                     current projects and developments and will
     should also be strengthened.                                                  work with colleagues in Regeneration Business
                                                                                   Support.Unit ( see link below )


                                                                                   http://www.newham.gov.uk/Services/BusinessS
                                                                                   upportAndInformation/AboutUs/InwardInvestme
                                                                                   nt.htm

                                                                                   Available commercial units are currently

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                                                                                          advertised through local agents and
                                                                                          on the Property Services website. There
                                                                                          are no current plans for further
                                                                                          promotional activity but this will be reviewed
                                                                                          in due course.

                                                                                          Property Services also reviews the
                                                                                          Council’s commercial and operational
                                                                                          properties on a regular basis.
WORKSTREAM 7: THE ALTERNATIVE NIGHT-TIME ECONOMY - UNIQUELY NEWHAM
9   That the Town Centre strategy be developed to Regeneration YES                        As part of the Vision for Newham’s Town
     shape the Night-Time Economy within each town                                        Centre, the role of the Night-Time Economy is
     centre in Newham. This should promote a                                              identified, particularly in Stratford, Forest Gate,
     diverse Night-Time Economy which benefits the                                        Green Street and Silvertown Quays.
     residents’ quality of life. This should link with the
     recommendations for independent town centre
     plans for each part of Newham (Workstream 2)
                                                                                          The priority action plans to be developed from
     and for a business friendly resource to promote                                      September 2007 will include section on the
     Newham’s vision for each town centre and to be                                       Night- Time Economy
     accessible to investors (Workstream 5).
                                                                                          Links are made to the emerging Tourism
                                                                                          Strategy
10   That steps are taken to ensure that the                 Regeneration   YES           Regeneration- Existing planning policy,
     development of a purely alcohol based Night-            and Public     (REGENERAT    environmental policy and development control
     Time Economy is limited. Planning and Licensing         Protection     ION)          practices should ensure the development of a
     conditions for both new and existing premises           (Licensing)    PARTIAL       purely alcohol based Night-Time Economy is
     should continue to be regular and consistent, and
                                                                            (Public       limited.
     enforced.
                                                                            Protection-
                                                                            Licensing)    Town Centre Strategies / Implementation Plans
                                                                                          will create a sufficient mix of Night-Time
                                                                                          Economy offers to ensure each Town Centre
                                                                                          caters for all requirements.

                                                                                          Licensing- Within Newham there is currently no
                                                                                          evidence of a particular area that is adversely


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     affected by the cumulative activities of a large
     number of licensed premises. Therefore no
     saturation policy has been included in the
     Licensing Policy. That being the case Newham,
     as a Licensing authority, currently has no
     powers to refuse an application for a licence due
     to there already being existing licensed
     premises nearby. Such powers would come only
     under the imposition of a saturation policy. A
     saturation policy would only be appropriate in an
     area where there was evidence that any
     addition to the number of licensed premises
     would contribute to an existing problem. In that
     case the onus would be on an individual
     applicant to show to the satisfaction of the
     Licensing Authority that suitable and sufficient
     steps had been taken to ensure that there would
     be no additional cumulative impact on the area.
     The service has a statutory obligation to review
     any licence where a responsible authority or
     other interested party has evidence that the
     business is not meeting the licensing objectives.
     These being: the prevention of public nuisance;
     the prevention of crime and disorder; the
     protection of children from harm; and public
     safety. There is a range of sanctions that may
     be imposed including the imposition of
     additional conditions; the removal of one or
     more licensable activity; a limitation on the
     hours of operation; the suspension of a licence
     for up to 3 months, and the complete revocation
     of the licence. All decisions made by the
     Licensing Sub-Committee are subject to appeal
     to the Magistrates Court.


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Part 1

1.     Introduction- why Night-Time Economy was selected as a topic

1.1.   The development of a Night-Time Economy encourages investment, more local
       jobs and would make the borough a more attractive environment for people to
       visit, work and live. Communities function most effectively and have a higher
       quality of life when the environment provides not only good quality housing,
       transport, leisure facilities, schools and health services but also a range of
       amenities such as good quality shops and entertainment venues.

1.2.   Newham has an expanding population which is increasing, in large part due to
       regeneration and the building of new homes. It is important that these new residents feel
       that they belong to Newham and are positive about living in the borough. Developing a
       Night-Time Economy is an important part of providing a good quality of life for residents.

1.3.   Not only does a thriving Night-Time Economy provide enjoyment however, it is also a
       valuable source of revenue for the locality (a 2003 report for the Greater London Authority
       estimated that Londoners’ average monthly spend on the Night Time Economy is £150).
       A successful night-time economy could be a driver of regeneration and attract investment
       into an area, provide direct employment to local people, increase the success of business
       suppliers working in the night-time economy, encourage the development of small
       businesses and increase the profile, or change the perception of, an area. A vibrant Night-
       Time Economy can prove to be an excellent introduction to an area for potential residents
       and has promoted regeneration in areas such as Shoreditch.

1.4.   A lively Night-Time Economy can also create new demands on local services and has the
       potential to affect residents’ lives in a negative way. Newham’s rapidly increasing
       population and the arrival of the Olympics will increase the demand for a Night-Time
       Economy It is important that the Night-Time Economy which grows in response to this
       demand is one which is beneficial to the area and which the Council can welcome.
       Taking a pro-active stance before a thriving Night-Time Economy arises will allow the
       Council to consider relevant issues and to shape the Night-Time Economy positively.

2.     Newham’s current Night-Time Economy

2.1.   In Newham there are nearly 700 licensed venues. Newham residents have high
       aspirations for the Night-Time Economy as revealed by the research undertaken by the
       London East Research Institute. Only 45% of respondents are of the view that Night-Time
       Economy provision, in terms of the range, choice and variety, is satisfactory or above.

2.2.   There are pockets of night-time activity such as around Green Street and the Excel Centre
       which cater for specific groups. Green Street has restaurants which have developed
       around the existing retail outlets in the area, whilst around Excel there are a number of
       bars and restaurants used by visitors to the exhibition centre and hotels.

2.3.   Stratford is the biggest town centre within Newham and the biggest and most established
       Night-Time Economy. There is a strip of licensed premises (along the Broadway) and a
       night club (the Rex). A possible correlate of Stratford’s Night-Time Economy is its status
       as Newham’s crime “hotspot”.

2.4.   During an evening walkabout undertaken by the Commission in East Ham it was noted
       that most retail outlets were closed after 6pm, although takeaway venues and
       bookmakers remained open. The Commission feels that it is vital for East Ham to remain

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       thriving into the evening and would wish to see a greater mixed use of High Street North,
       including evening venues.

2.5.   Many residents are deterred from going out late at night in Newham by fears of crime.
       The Newham Household Panel Survey found that 45% of residents felt a bit, or very,
       unsafe walking in Newham after dark. A solution to this perception of danger is possibly
       the development of a busier and more vibrant street scene after 6pm, people may feel
       safety in greater numbers.

3.     The Vision and new housing provision for Newham’s expanding
       population

3.1.   Newham’s Vision is that by 2012 Newham will be a place where people choose to live and
       work. Ensuring that Newham offers a high quality of life for residents, workers and visitors
       will be a key part of achieving the Vision.

3.2.   There are several major developments currently ongoing in Newham. These figures are
       still to be confirmed by the Regeneration and Development Service Area.
       ∗ Stratford City (5,000 houses + shops – creating an estimated 30,000 jobs and
           increasing disposable income)
       ∗ Regeneration of the Brooks Estate, Canning Town (£1.8 billion), Silvertown Quays (£1
           billion), East Beckton, and other parts of the Lower Lea and the Royal Docks
       ∗ The housing target will make up 11% of London’s new housing supply (over 3,500 new
           homes in Newham each year, which is three times the current level).
       ∗ Stratford will become a major travel destination and interchange: the Channel Tunnel
           Rail Link and International Rail Station (£4.4 billion) will open soon. The DLR is also
           undergoing extension at an investment of £185 million.
       ∗ Transport links such as the proposed Thames Gateway Bridge (£383 million) and
           Crossrail (£10 billion) will bring more visitors and more investment to the borough.




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4.     Olympics and the development of Newham

4.1.   The Olympic Park is being built in Newham in readiness for the Olympic and Paralympic
       Games 2012.

4.2.   Whilst there will be an obvious surge of economic activity (and expected demand for a
       Night-Time Economy during the games themselves) the athletes’ housing will
       subsequently be converted into mixed tenure housing - who, it is likely, will expect their
       new homes to offer a good quality of life, including nearby evening entertainment.

5.     The focus of the Commission

5.1.   This Commission focused on the potential ways to develop the Night-time Economy in
       Newham and what (current and potential) residents wanted from an Night-Time Economy.
       In doing this Members looked at best practice and learnings from elsewhere (e.g. the
       London Borough of Hackney), commissioned research (including interviews with locals,
       former residents and people who work in Newham) and talked to different service areas
       regarding the potential for an Night-Time Economy in Newham.

5.2.   We looked at seven different workstreams. The report and recommendations are listed
       under the workstream categories, although there is some cross-over.

5.3.   Recommendations are mostly strategic in keeping with our policy development
       contribution. Observations of the Commission are provided as findings; setting in context
       the recommendations.




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Part 2

6.     Workstream 1: Town Centres in Newham

         Summary of Evidence:
         • Night-Time Economy development should be restricted to town centres, rather
           than green-field sites, as much as possible
         • Town planning strategy will help to guide the character of individual town
           centres. Way of offering guidance to investors.
         • Recommended as part of regeneration package by Greater London Authority
           draft guidance on the Night-Time Economy.
         • Research identified that Newham Night-Time Economy “needs to develop a
           blended and diverse offering ensuring that the developing tourist economy and
           the Newham Night-Time Economy support and reinforce each other. There is
           some anxiety about a split between an Night-Time Economy service sector
           addressing a visitor and elite locals’ economy whilst a dwindling local Night-
           Time Economy continues to decline”.

6.1.   The Town Centre Vision

       The Commission, therefore, wished to hear from the Regeneration service area regarding
       the strategy for Newham’s town centres. We heard that Newham was currently
       developing an overarching town centre vision which will emphasise the importance of
       individual town centres’ development. There are now many ‘competitors’ for shoppers
       and visitors such as out of town shopping developments and also internet shopping. The
       Commission found that a comprehensive town centre strategy would also encourage
       partnership working, especially with the private sector and manage growth and competing
       interests, using planning and other statutory powers. The strategic and co-ordinated
       approach to developing Newham’s town centres will help to ensure that they are
       appealing and so contribute to the development, and regeneration, of Newham.

6.2.   Planning guidance suggests that night-time activity should be constrained to Newham’s
       town centres, rather than being out of town on green field sites. This was in keeping with
       Greater London Authority draft guidance around best practice in the Night-Time Economy.
       It can therefore be seen that the different ‘characters’ of different town centres within
       Newham will have an influence on the kind of demographic that are attracted and
       therefore the type of night-time economy that will thrive.

6.3.   The Commission heard about several issues that should be considered when looking at
       Town Centre Management and the Night-Time Economy. These were:

       ∗ the role of resident led growth in the Night-Time Economy (including new residents with
         higher disposal income).
       ∗ The marketing and branding of the Night-Time Economy offer.
       ∗ The need for cultural magnets such as venues, events and attractions in the evening.
       ∗ The use of the Night-Time Economy as a driver of community cohesion and a source of
         local pride.
       ∗ Understanding how to attract both local and national entrepreneurs and removing
         barriers or confusion around investment.

6.4.   Taking an active stance in shaping the form of different town centres development
       will help entrepreneurs to understand what kind of businesses would fit well.
       Additionally profiling the demographics of different areas and targeting one-off


                                              17
        Council funded events would increase footfall and make the area much more
        attractive to retailers. This could be linked with the Cultural Olympiad. This is
        discussed further in Workstream 7.

6.5.    FINDING: The Commission believes that a co-ordinated approach to the
        development of Newham’s town centres and their day-time and night-time offer is
        vital. Thriving town centres play a big role in shaping neighbourhoods and are
        essential in developing the sustainable mixed communities in Newham that were
        outlined in the Mayor’s document “Newham’s Vision for Delivering Mixed
        Communities”.

6.6.    RECOMMENDATION 1: That a detailed strategy be developed for each town centre
        and that this is disseminated by the use of implementation plans for each town
        centre. These implementation plans should be regularly updated and take into
        account the role of local partners and stakeholders (such as Thames Gateway).
        They should also link to the Local Development Framework. Town Centre
        Managers should work closely with Public Realm and Crime and Anti-Social
        Behaviour, for example, to ensure that issues can be resolved quickly and
        effectively. They should work closely with the Business Development Team. Links
        with local councillors and local representatives are also important in light of the
        need to reflect local opinion. The use of innovative consultation techniques should
        also be considered.

6.7.    The Greater London Authority draft guidance “Managing the Night Time Economy”
        found that ‘In areas where the night time economy is seen as a potential tool to lever the
        regeneration of a town centre, it may be that the ongoing management questions will be
        best addressed in the local regeneration partnership.’

6.8.    Town Centre Management

        Another aspect of the town centre strategy is day to day operational management. This is
        led by onsite town centre managers who are responsible for one or two town centres.
        Issues such as the creation of a quality environment, such as shop front branding, paving
        and lighting and public lavatory and parking provision would be covered. Other areas of
        operational management include the development of new business and the support of
        inward investment by developing a profile or brand. Some of these areas would, of
        course require liaison with service areas across the Council and relationships between the
        town centre managers and, for example, area managers in public realm should be
        encouraged. Feedback from the Lead Community Member within each Community
        Forum area will also be of great value in this operational management.

6.9.    A separate arrangement would be in place for Stratford City as this is a very large new
        development. The Council would provide infrastructure and accommodation in order to
        encourage business to move in within the Stratford City Shopping Complex, but day to
        day management and waste removal would be undertaken by the management company
        Westfield.

6.10.   FINDING: The Commission finds that there is value in measures to make town
        centres feel secure and accessible. Measures such as lighting, parking should be
        considered with the Night-Time Economy in mind as well as daylight hours use.




                                               18
7.     Workstream 2: Planning and the Night-Time Economy

        Summary of Evidence:
       • Development should be restricted to town centres as much as possible
       • Planning documents such as the Unitary Development Plan and Local
          Development Framework “shape” the form of the town centres and can specify
          what areas of land are classified as (e.g. industry, leisure) as well as individual
          buildings (e.g. restaurant, retail)
        • Planning can affect the mix of uses: daytime & night-time and so the character
          of an area
        • Planning cannot retrospectively alter permissions. It is only at the time of
          granting planning permission for a development or change of use that planning
          can influence the make up of an area.
        • Several buildings such as the Swan pub in Stratford and the Burnell Arms pub
          in East Ham North have changed use (to a bookmakers and a Hindu temple
          respectively). Pubs may not be currently considered viable but could be viable
          in the future.
        • Designation of an Entertainment Management Zone (within the Unitary
          Development Plan and subsequently the Local Development Framework) is a
          pro-active measure requiring the management and co-ordination of Planning,
          Licensing, Policing, Transport and Public Realm issues in an area which is
          anticipated to become a popular Night-Time Economy destination.

7.1.   Planning plays an important role in shaping the nature of town centres by both day and
       night. Members heard that in recent years the planning of the Night-Time Economy had
       started to be perceived as more important than previously. This was because a well
       planned Night-Time Economy could greatly benefit an area through revitalising it,
       stimulating regeneration, encouraging community cohesiveness (as it is a place for
       different kinds of people to socialise) and creating a distinctive sense of place. Members
       learnt that planning policy sought to control the location of night-time uses, the intensity of
       night-time uses and the mix of night-time uses.

7.2.   Planning policy documents such as the Unitary Development Plan and its replacement the
       Local Development Framework set out the borough’s vision for different parts of the
       borough. This is important in guiding the development of areas as well as communicating
       the Council’s ambitions for different areas to potential investors. Classification of
       premises can also affect the mix of property use on a street. The Commission therefore
       received a presentation covering planning issues for the Night-Time Economy from a
       Planner and a Principal Planner from Forward Planning and Transportation.

7.3.   On the Commission’s visit to the London Borough of Hackney we heard that planning
       could be used to control the cumulative impacts of property uses and saturation (where
       there were a lot of one type of use). This was identified as an issue within some parts of
       Shoreditch in Hackney where there were only bars and other night-time venues, lessening
       the amenity value for residents. The optimum for planning was to have a mix of business
       use within an area, both daytime and night-time and both retail, service industry, business
       and residential use.

7.4.   The Commission learnt that in Newham several buildings such as the Swan public house
       in Stratford and the Burnell Arms public house in East Ham North have changed use (to a
       bookmakers and a Hindu temple respectively). Public houses may not be currently
       considered viable but could be viable in the future.

RECOMMENDATION 2: That the Development Control Manual (to be part of the Local
Development Framework) contains policies which restrict the loss of pubs, restaurants

                                                 19
and other entertainment venues. This would preserve amenity value for residents by
maintaining an effective mix of residential and day and night-time leisure and retail uses.
The Development Control Manual should also include policies regarding the need for
larger venues, as well as those of more modest size. Family occasions such as weddings
and events such as concerts may require the preservation, or creation, of larger venues
within Newham. Additionally policies should aim to restrict the growth of A5 use (hot
takeaway use is currently promoted under policy SH20 in the Unitary Development Plan) in
light of the perceived high number of such outlets and their associated health and litter
implications. The Council’s Community Well-Being power could be of possible use in
supporting this policy.

7.6.    Policy Framework

        The Commission learnt that planning decisions around the development of the Night-Time
        Economy were guided by a policy framework which operated at three levels. The first of
        these was national (Planning Policy Statement 6 - Retail and Town Centres (2005)). This
        recommended that the local planning authority should prepare policies to manage the
        Night-Time Economy. Additionally these policies should aim to diversify uses, encourage
        complementary uses and to appeal to a wide range of age and social groups. There
        should be the appropriate provision of leisure, tourism and cultural uses.

7.7.    The second level of the policy framework was local guidance in the form of The London
        Plan. Members were interested to find out that this considered town centres as the most
        appropriate location for the Night-Time Economy. The importance of creative industries
        alongside bars and restaurants was emphasised within the plan. It was also possible to
        designate areas as cultural quarters or entertainment management zones.

7.8.    The third level of the policy framework was that set out by the Local Authority. Newham
        has a Unitary Development Plan which was formulated in 2001. The only section
        pertaining to the Night-time Economy is Policy SH2- which refers to encouraging the
        development of Stratford City's Night-time Economy. It was now being replaced with the
        Local Development Framework.

7.9.    Location of the Night-Time Economy

        Members heard that, just as they had heard for the Town Centre workstream, it was
        considered that town centres were the best location for night-time uses as they had better
        transport links and were more accessible, with a supporting infrastructure. This included
        CCTV cameras and existing town centre police patrols.

7.10.   The Commission noted that East Ham, Stratford and Green Street are Newham's busiest
        town centres and so are most likely to develop a thriving night-time economy.

7.11. A sense of purpose

        Members learnt that a Night-Time Economy in Newham faces a lot of competition from
        others in both East London and further afield. Having a detailed and outcome focused
        Town Centre Vision and an overall strategy for the night-time economy would ensure that
        the night-time "offer" in each town centre is sufficiently distinct from that of other areas.
        This will mean that there are a variety of options for night-time activity which should meet
        the needs of all residents. For example, Green Street's current Night-Time Economy was
        mainly based on restaurants and should have a mix of businesses which appeal to a
        wider audience. Canning Town was currently undergoing mass redevelopment and it was
        important that the businesses which developed there were different to those in Canary
        Wharf (so that they appealed to a different audience, rather than competing for the same
        target group).


                                                 20
7.11. RECOMMENDATION 3: The Commission is of the view that the development
      of a core policy regarding the Night-Time Economy within the Local
      Development Framework is vital to the delivery of the Council's Vision. The
      development of a Night-Time Economy will make Newham a more attractive
      place to live and work as well as drawing in investment and enterprise and
      creating jobs. A clearly expressed, outcome focused, core policy will attract
      businesses who want to contribute to the regeneration of the area through
      the development of the Night-Time Economy, so encouraging a diverse mix
      of offerings which should appeal to the whole community.
        Suggested wording is “The Council will encourage the development of the
      Night-Time Economy in the Borough.           The Council will support the
      development of night-time uses in existing town centres. Any proposals
      should comply with all other relevant planning policies.”

7.12. RECOMMENDATION 4: Officers should undertake an audit of those council-
      owned and public-sector owned buildings and sites which are not in use and
      which could contribute to regeneration. It is, however, acknowledged that
      not all such properties will be suitable for night-time uses. The audit should
      be undertaken with a view to bringing these properties back into use or
      redeveloping them. This will increase the number of properties available for
      possible Night-Time Economy uses and should also improve a sense of
      safety as abandoned buildings can attract anti-social behaviour. The Council
      should look at innovative ways to drive this, using the Community Well-
      Being power. The Commission notes the planned establishment of the
      Newham Development Trust and welcomes this.

7.13.   FINDING: The Commission is of the view that each town centre should have a
        diverse economy offering a variety of shops and venues for both daytime and
        night-time use as appropriate. These should be appropriate for the residents and
        visitors of each area (both in scale and type of provision). Further, the Commission
        is of the view that the vibrancy of the day and night time economies is dependent
        on a mixture of uses for town centre premises.

7.14.   Classification of Premises

        As well as the overall vision for the borough, Planning also control the individual nature of
        streets by classifying different buildings for specific uses. Members learnt that the use of
        premises was classed into A1- shops, A2- financial and professional services, A3-
        restaurants and cafes, A4- drinking establishments and A5- hot food and take away. The
        mix of different uses of premises gives an area character, whereas if all premises in an
        area were used for drinking establishments, for example, (A4) then this would mean that
        the area appealed only to a limited type of visitor.

7.15.   Members learnt that some changes of use required planning permission, but some did not
        (see table below).




                                                 21
        Permitted changes between classes of use

        FROM                               TO


        A1 – Shop                          No Permitted Change (without planning permission)


        A2 – Financial & Professional A1 Shop (where premises had a display window at
        Services                      ground level)


        A3 – Restaurants & Cafes           A1 or A2

        A4 – Drinking Establishments       A1, A2 or A3

        A5 - Hot Food Takeaways            A1, A2 or A3



7.16.   The Local Planning Authority can also refuse an application for either a change in the use
        of a premise or a new development, should it be deemed that it would have a significant
        negative impact on the surrounding area. This might include the loss of residential
        amenity, problems with traffic and congestion, parking and a loss of retail diversity.
        Planning can also choose to exclude certain types of development from areas (for
        example only retailers and cafes selling non-alcoholic drinks could be allowed to operate
        within a certain area.

7.17.   Planning Conditions

        Not only does Planning need to ensure that there is an appropriately mixed offering in
        each area but the risk of conflict between different groups of people needs to be
        minimised. This was highlighted during the Commission’s visit to Hackney where
        Members heard that mixed use developments could cause conflict to arise (for example a
        restaurant on the ground floor could cause disturbance to residents who live above).
        Another form of control that the Local Planning Authority could exert was the imposing of
        planning conditions on a Planning Approval. This means that development could only go
        ahead if the criteria set out in the conditions are met. These might include time limits on
        opening hours or requirements to minimise noise or environmental impacts. Sufficient
        enforcement activity was needed to make sure that developers abide by these conditions.

7.17.   FINDING: Members heard that the London Borough of Hackney had experienced
        problems with Shoreditch during its early development. This was because of the
        issue of planning and licensing conditions not always being clearly defined and
        worded and the risk of shift and non-compliance. Wording had to be very specific,
        for example, not just demanding that alcohol sales are ancillary to food sales, but
        also specifying that, for example, 70% of floor space must be covered with tables
        and chairs”.

        A key point was the separation of Planning (land use permission) and Licensing
        (operations) in the applicant’s proposal. Hackney now includes a clause in their
        licensing condition which requires the applicant to demonstrate that “you have
        planning permission for the use that you are applying to have a licence for”.




                                                22
7.19.   Members learnt that the draft Greater London Authority guidance for Managing the Night-
        Time Economy states that “Pro-active planning and design of late night eating, drinking
        and entertainment venues can prevent nuisance to established and prospective noise-
        sensitive uses, notably housing. This may include locating venues where users can
        access transport most quickly, and where effective acoustic screening or separation from
        existing or planned housing can be achieved.” Similarly we were provided with an
        example of planning conditions used by Manchester City Council for Night-time Economy
        applications. The following conditions were routinely attached to planning permissions for
        new food and drink uses:

        * The provision of acoustic glazing
        * The provision of acoustically treated ventilation
        * The installation of an acoustic lobby at entrances and exits to act as a physical barrier
          between the inside and the outside environment.
        * The installation of sound limiters
        * Prohibition of the external playing of amplified music
        * Restriction of the hours of operation of outside drinking areas
        * Establishment of maximum noise levels.

7.20.   Best Practice

        The commission learnt that other authorities had successfully developed their night-time
        economies. London Borough of Camden, London Borough of Hackney, Sheffield City
        Council, Manchester City Council and Portsmouth City Council were some of those areas.
        We also learnt that Portsmouth City Council had regenerated an area which had been an
        old dockside. The Gun Wharf Quay was a mixed use are offering facilities for people of all
        ages such as night clubs, bars, restaurants, a cinema and a shopping centre. This had
        stimulated the Night-Time Economy where none previously existed.




                                                23
7.21.   FINDING: The Commission identified that some investors may be deterred from
        setting up businesses in Newham because of the existence, or perception, of local
        government regulations and conditions. We believe that there may be value in
        considering deregulation and facilitation in order to stimulate development and to
        attract investors. The Commission notes that there is a Regeneration initiative to
        attract investors in Green Street. Officers should report back on the success of this
        initiative and how this option might be used in one or more of our town centres.

7.22.   Developing policy for Newham

        It was suggested that a set of standard planning conditions should be established to
        attach to night-time uses. To develop these, Planning must work with other sections within
        the Council, for example, Regeneration and Licensing to ensure that development is in
        line with town centre strategies. This would ensure that development progresses in a co-
        ordinated and positive way towards the desired outcome (a thriving and diverse night-time
        economy). A pro-active stance would promote the development of the night-time economy
        in a way that suits the needs of both visitors and residents in Newham.

7.23.   FINDING: Research carried out for the Commission identified a number of
        entertainment venues (such as the Swan pub in Stratford and the Burnell Arms in
        East Ham) which had had a change of use. This resulted in the loss of
        entertainment venues for now, but also in the future. The Commission learnt that
        the Council cannot “ring fence” properties that it does not own. The Commission
        learnt that some local authorities have a policy to ensure that a suitable range of
        community facilities was maintained to meet local needs. The Commission finds
        that this may be a useful way to protect the community’s requirements against the
        overdevelopment of an area.

7.24.   FINDING: The establishment of an Entertainment Management Zone in areas likely
        to soon develop an Night-Time Economy, is a pro-active step to ensure the co-
        ordinated management of future service requirements. The Commission believes
        that it may be of value for the Local Development Framework to contain designated
        Entertainment Management Zones in potential “hot spots” such as Stratford.

7.25.   Maintaining relationships between businesses and residents

        −   This might include the separation of residential buildings and entertainment venues by
            other buildings (such as a café open in the daytime only) or a retail outlet so that
            residents are not unduly disturbed by the business activity at night time.
        −   Additionally the Council should consider the need to maintain a mixed tenure and
            mixed development area and think of strategies for controlling some rents so that
            locals are not priced out of the area.

7.26.   Strict planning and enforcement and a clear mixed use strategy will be needed to:-

        a) ensure that both daytime and night-time economies can co-exist;

        b) that increased demand for residential property does not drive out existing businesses;
           and

        c) businesses stick to both the planning and licensing conditions for their operation.




                                                24
8.     Workstream 3 Licensing and the Night-Time Economy

       Summary of Evidence:
       • Newham has a flexible licensing policy and this is applied by the Licensing
         committee. If an applicant feels that the policy has been applied incorrectly, it is
         possible to appeal.
       • Newham has an active Pub Watch group and licensees have a broadly positive
         relationship with the police and other enforcement authorities
       • Licensing and Planning can work in co-ordination (as in Hackney) to shape the
         nature and operation of Night-Time Economy businesses
       • The new licensing laws meant that licences were held indefinitely. They could
         be revoked if any one of the four key licensing objectives were breached and this
         breach were upheld. There was a scaled approach to penalties for a breach of
         licensing conditions.

8.1.   The new Licensing Act (2003) allowed not only the much publicised possibility of 24 hour
       opening, but also streamlined alcohol, public entertainment, cinemas, theatres, late night
       refreshment house and night cafe licensing regimes into one. We noted that, contrary to
       the fears of many commentators at the time, the Licensing Act had not had any great
       impact on the opening hours of venues, either nationally or in Newham. The Commission
       was interested to find out how Licensing was applied within Newham and any issues
       which related to the Night-Time Economy. We received a presentation from the Strategic
       Manager, Public Protection who stated that under the Licensing Act 2003 the Council had
       a duty to promote four key licensing objectives. These were the prevention of Crime and
       Disorder, Public Safety, Prevention of Public Nuisance and Protection of Children from
       Harm.

8.2.   Newham had had a duty to focus on these matters by controlling licences, premises and
       places used, vicinity of those premises and places and direct impact of activities of
       licensed premises.

8.3.   Principles of Licensing

       The Commission learnt that the regulatory main duties and responsibilities in the Act were
       around control. Newham’s Licensing policy recognised the need to balance the rights of
       businesses to trade and residents to enjoy a reasonable quality of life. We understood that
       the Licensing and Planning processes must be separate stages of an integrated process.

8.4.   Greater London Authority draft guidance on the Night-Time Economy indicates that
       Planning Policy Statement 6 states,” “Local authorities should ensure there is an
       integrated approach to the evening and night time economy, so that their planning policies
       and proposals take account of and complement their Statement of Licensing Policy”.”

8.5.   Licensing Activity and Enforcement
       If licensing conditions were breached the Licensing Section would rely on other services
       and members of the public to make a complaint, to bring it to their attention. When this
       happened, the Licensing Section would carry out enforcement activity. All complaints had
       to be investigated, examples would include reports of noise or underage selling. Premises
       were regularly visited and test purchases made to check that they were complying with
       the law, for example, not selling to underage drinkers. Licenses must be reviewed when
       breaches of the license or law had occurred.

8.6.   The Licensing team work closely with other partners such as police, fire brigade,
       children’s services, health and safety, trading standards, planning and the local residents.
       The children’s services, in particular, were required to identify any licensed premises


                                               25
        which could be a risk to children. This could often result in a suspension of the license to
        the premises or even prosecution. Licensing also worked with other authorities to ensure
        that licensees complied with the law

8.7.    The Commission learnt that hearings required evidence such as relevant representations,
        reviews and how these related to the four licensing objectives. Responsible parties such
        as the Police, Children Services and applicants were able to address the Licensing
        Committee at hearings. Other evidence could come from interested parties, witnesses
        and video evidence.

8.8.    The Strategic Manager from Public Protection discussed the possibility of establishing a
        Development Forum consisting of the following interested services: -
        • Regeneration
        • Planning
        • Licensing
        • Police
        • Culture and Community
        • Licensees

8.9.    This would allow a co-ordinated approach to the planning, development and management
        of our town centres- promoting the regeneration of the area. It would also mean that
        business people had one clearly identified forum to approach when they wanted to know
        about investment opportunities in the borough. The prior identification of areas which
        could be developed by private firms would also expedite this process.

8.10.   The forum would generally promote the 2012 Vision. More specifically work could also
        focus on the minimisation of Anti-Social Behaviour, and to look for innovative solutions for
        our town centres. With the Olympics forthcoming visitor numbers could be expected to
        rise sharply and a clear, ambitious focus, and perhaps an alternative offer to neighbouring
        boroughs, could have a beneficial effect.

8.11.   RECOMMENDATION 5: The Commission found that there is value in strengthening
        the links between Licensing, Planning and Regeneration, Policing and Public
        Realm. The designation of Entertainment Management Zones in the Local
        Development Framework as appropriate and further development of a politically co-
        ordinated approach to the development of the Night-Time Economy would allow the
        Council to positively influence the development of Newham’s town centres.

8.12.   Temporary event licensing

        The Commission discussed the value of a co-ordinating role for events within Newham.
        One person would act as a contact point for events within the Council. They would
        maintain a list of all forthcoming events licensed to occur and inform interested parties
        such as Public Realm and the Police that the events are happening so that provision
        could be made to deal with them.

8.13.   The Head of Constabulary and Response stated that a more structured approach for the
        arrangement and management of big events in Newham was currently being examined.
        This would mean that the Police and Council, as well as the Anti-Social Behaviour team,
        would work together to crack down on any sort of violence and anti-social behaviours.
        This would result in more effective enforcement, making events safer.
        At the last event a joint approach was taken and there were five arrests. This contrasts to
        previous levels of around 40 - 50. The Commission noted that pro-active event
        management reduces the potential for trouble and allows it to be dealt with effectively if it
        does arise.



                                                 26
9.     Workstream 4 Management of the Night-Time Economy

       Summary of Evidence (Public Realm):
       • Public Realm aspects relating to Night-Time Economy include transport and
         parking provision, lighting, public lavatories, litter removal and rubbish
         collection.
       • Parking on residential streets can increase noise nuisance for residents (car
         doors slamming etc.)
       • The possibility of lifting red-route restrictions at night in order to provide
         convenient centralised parking was raised.
       • Most rubbish collection and street sweeping is undertaken between 7am and
         3pm- standard working hours. These will soon change under the move to
         single status. A lively Night-Time Economy would require these hours of
         service provision to change in order to cater for the additional rubbish and
         litter generated during the evening and night.
       • The maintenance of an attractive street scene may require the allocation of
         timed ‘slots’ for household and business waste collection. This would
         minimise rubbish left out on the street causing an obstacle and looking
         unpleasant. Hackney currently require this in areas with a busy Night-Time
         Economy.
       • Public conveniences in Newham are generally sited for the convenience of
         daytime users. Areas of need during the night may be different. Additionally
         the issue of safety is more salient. At the moment public urination is an issue
         around Stratford and also around West Ham football ground on match days.
         The London Boroughs of Westminster, Hammersmith and Fulham and Hackney
         use portable street urinals in their ‘wet spots’.

9.1.   The Commission wished to understand the possible impact of a more developed Night-
       Time Economy on the day to day lives of residents. The two areas that we focused on
       were Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour and the Public Realm. This was because two of
       Newham's six corporate aims are that Newham will be a place “which is safe and where
       people feel safer” and that it “will be a place which is attractive, clean and well
       maintained'. It is important that any development of the Night-Time Economy does not
       impede either of these aims being achieved and that, if possible, it promotes these aims.

9.2.   The impact of a developed Night-Time Economy on Public Realm provision in
       Newham

       The Commission heard from the Operational Executive Advisor, Public Realm and the
       Head of Public Realm on the impact of a lively Night-Time Economy.

9.3.   The Commission noted that existing services were in place to deliver the night-time
       economy but that there would be some service reallocation necessary for the relevant
       services which were:

       Cleansing
       Trade and Domestic Waste
       Traffic and Transport
       Public Conveniences
       Street Lighting

9.4.   Cleansing

       The Council have a 7am - 3pm working pattern, so most staff are only present during
       these hours. On weekends and in the evenings very few staff currently work. This current

                                              27
       working pattern would not be appropriate if the Night-Time Economy develops in size and
       popularity. The Commission heard that core hours are likely to change soon, with the
       introduction of the Single Status pay scale. It will then allow the working day for staff to
       vary dependent on the needs of the local area. Similarly vehicle provision and support
       should also extend their hours of work. Another issue is the nature of cleansing work. In
       the day time most staff work alone but this may not be practicable during the evenings
       because of safety issues. Additionally automated cleaning may be easier in the dark than
       manual cleaning.

9.5.   FINDING: Most rubbish collection and street sweeping is undertaken between 7am
       and 3pm- standard working hours. A lively Night-Time Economy would require
       these hours of service provision to change in order to cater for the additional
       rubbish and litter generated during the evening and night, without incurring
       overtime costs.

9.6.   Domestic and trade waste

       Residents living above shops needed special provision as they did not have storage
       facilities for rubbish, so had to leave it outside on the street which can be unsightly for
       evening visitors. An additional issue is that some businesses used alternative waste
       collectors and these collectors may not co-ordinate with the Council schedule.

9.7.   FINDING: The maintenance of an attractive street scene for evening use may
       require the allocation of timed ‘slots’ for household and business waste collection.
       This would minimise rubbish left out on the street causing an obstacle and looking
       unpleasant. Hackney currently require this in areas with a busy Night-Time
       Economy.

9.8.   Transport and Traffic

       People tend to drive into town centres rather than use public transport. The Council
       encouraged drivers to park in car parks where cars would be safe rather than parking in
       residential streets, where noise such as car door slamming could put Night-Time
       Economy visitors in conflict with residents. Cars parked in Stratford car park for a full day
       can cost up to £17 but only £1 for the whole night. Newham has good public transport
       links, and this was recognised by interviewees in the research undertaken for the
       Commission. We found that safety issues and lighting may need to be considered for car
       park users and those using public transport interchanges in order to encourage their use.




                                                28
9.9.    FINDING: Car parks and public transport interchanges should be considered with
        regard to safety and accessibility.

9.10.   Public Conveniences

        Public toilets have to be put into place and must be safe, accessible, and easy to find
        during both daytime and evenings.

9.10.   FINDING: Public conveniences in Newham are generally sited for the convenience
        of daytime users. Night time areas of need may be different. Additionally the issue
        of safety is more salient. At the moment public urination is an issue around
        Stratford and also around West Ham football ground on match days. The London
        Boroughs of Westminster, Hammersmith and Fulham and Hackney use portable
        street urinals in their ‘wet spots’. It is suggested that there may be value in trialling
        these in Stratford at the weekend and West Ham football ground on match days to
        reduce street soiling.

9.11.   Street Lighting

        Street lighting can improve a feeling of security and also reduce the ‘cover’ for crime. If
        Newham’s Night-Time Economy develops and attracts more people then it may be
        necessary to consider the lighting within the borough in order to maintain a perception and
        reality of safety in the borough.

9.12.   FINDING: Good street lighting should improve a sense of safety at night and there
        may be value in an audit of present provision.

9.13
         Summary Of Evidence (Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour)
         • The Newham Household Panel Survey found that 45% of residents felt a bit, or
           very, unsafe walking in Newham after dark
         • Nationwide there is a strong link between alcohol consumption and ASB,
           especially amongst younger people “It has been estimated that 40% of violent
           crime; 78% of assaults and 88% of criminal damage cases are committed while
           the offender is under the influence of alcohol. Although there is no simple
           causal relationship, alcohol is often consumed by offenders and victims prior
           to the offence being committed.” Government’s Crime Reduction Toolkit
         • There is therefore a desire to avoid the development of a large scale drinking
           culture catering to 18-35 year olds within Newham
         • A lively Night-Time Economy will require a readjustment of the hours of service
           operation and delivery for service areas such as Public Realm, Crime And Anti-
           Social Behaviour, transport and policing. An Entertainment Management Zone
           designation may help to co-ordinate this. An “Entertainment Management Zone
           concept, which is primarily based on integrated action by the range of different
           authorities and agencies involved in dealing with the impacts of the night time
           economy. These include local authority planning, licensing, trading standards
           and environmental services departments, town centre management
           partnerships or agencies (including Business Improvement Districts), the
           police and emergency services, crime reduction partnerships and transport
           providers.” Greater London Authority draft guidance Night-Time Economy.
         • In Newham most reports of Anti-Social Behaviour between 10pm and 6am are
           linked to noise nuisance. Any development of the Night-Time Economy should
           try to minimise additional noise nuisance.
         • The Commission were informed that the London Health Survey recorded that
           Newham had the lowest number of binge drinkers in London.


                                                29
9.14.   The impact of a developed Night-Time Economy on Crime and Anti-Social
        Behaviour in Newham

        We received a presentation on the impact of a lively Night-Time Economy on Crime and
        Anti-Social Behaviour in Newham from the Head of Constabulary and Response.

9.15.   Current levels of Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour within Newham at night

        We were provided with information from the Flare system, which is used to monitor Crime
        And Anti-Social Behaviour occurrences. The Commission learnt that, between 10pm and
        6am, the pattern of Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour reports often mirrored night bus
        routes and the location of larger pubs.

9.16.   FINDING: The Newham Household Panel Survey found that Newham is perceived
        not to be a particularly safe place at night (45% of respondents felt a bit, or very,
        unsafe walking in the area after dark)

9.17.   The Commission also noted that there were 2,565 reports across the borough within the
        last year relating to noise, representing the vast majority of Crime And Anti-Social
        Behaviour reports received. The noise disturbances were dealt with by Environmental
        Health Unit.

9.18.   RECOMMENDATION 6: In Newham most reports of Anti-Social Behaviour between
        10pm and 6am are linked to noise nuisance. Any development of the Night-Time
        Economy should seek to minimise additional noise nuisance. Through imposing
        Licensing conditions and ensuring as far as possible the potential for noise
        nuisance is minimised (e.g. good sound insulation and sensible location of Night-
        Time Economy venues in relation to residential buildings). In order to avoid
        conflict future residential developments should be considered in light of the nature
        of nearby businesses- existing venues may produce noise in the course of their
        operation.

9.19.   There were also 231 reports relating to youth misbehaviour, however this is one of the
        Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour problems with the lowest number of reports. The number
        of Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour reports declined as the night went on.




                                              30
9.20.   Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour in Newham in the future

        The Commission heard it is very likely that in the future Newham would become busier
        especially in the evenings. It will have entertainment, places to eat and possibly 24 hours
        bars and pubs. This will require pro-active policing and enforcement to ensure that levels
        of Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour are kept to a minimum and that people feel safe.

9.21.   FINDING: Taxi marshalling, whereby nightclubs are encouraged to put up their own
        temporary taxi ranks may be of use in areas with a busier Night-Time Economy
        such as Stratford and should certainly be considered as it grows. Reducing time
        waiting on the street would reduce the potential for litter and Anti-Social Behaviour.

9.22.   FINDING : Businesses with clientele with specific needs, for example bars catering
        for the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender market, may require additional
        security and support from the Council. This may be from the Crime and Anti-Social
        Behaviour Service in particular in order to allow the businesses to flourish without
        fear of discrimination or intimidation.

9.23.   RECOMMENDATION 7: Enforcement should send out a ‘message’ about Newham’s
        expectations of residents and visitors. The Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour
        Service and Police are working together to combat street crime and anti-social
        behaviour such as littering. The Commission welcomes the fact that Public Realm
        and the Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour Service were beginning to work together
        in enforcing littering fines. The Commission strongly encourages and supports this
        collaboration and would recommend that it be continued and developed. In light of
        the Deputy Chief Executive’s review of all enforcement activity, the Commission
        recommends that all available enforcement powers are explored and used.
        Technology such as the Personal Digital Assistants used by traffic wardens may be
        useful. Good enforcement would improve attitudes towards the area and encourage
        an atmosphere of responsibility and respect.

9.24.   FINDING: A lively Night-Time Economy will require a readjustment of the hours of
        service operation and delivery (Westminster and some parts of Hackney have a 24/7
        service model) for service areas such as Public Realm, Crime and Anti-Social
        Behaviour, transport and policing.           An Entertainment Management Zone
        designation may help to co-ordinate this.
        “The “Entertainment Management Zone concept, which is primarily based on integrated
        action by the range of different authorities and agencies involved in dealing with the
        impacts of the night time economy. These include local authority planning, licensing,
        trading standards and environmental services departments, town centre management
        partnerships or agencies (including Business Improvement Districts), the police and
        emergency services, crime reduction partnerships and transport providers.” Greater
        London Authority Draft Guidance on the Night-Time Economy.




                                                31
9.25.   The nature of the Night-Time Economy and its relationship with Crime and Anti-
        Social Behaviour

        The very nature of the Night-Time Economy that develops in Newham will also have an
        impact on the level of Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour that occurs. The Head of
        Constabulary and Response identified 18-25 year old drinkers as key perpetrators of
        Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour. It may be of worth to consider how to contain these
        Night-Time Economy visitors and how to create an Night-Time Economy which will have
        broad appeal and attract other groups in to dilute the effect of younger drinkers and which
        would promote social cohesion. The Commission heard that much Crime and Anti-Social
        Behaviour was linked to alcohol intake and so there would be value in emphasising other
        kinds of Night-Time Economy development.

9.26.   This would also be more culturally appropriate for those Newham residents who choose to
        abstain from alcohol. The “fear of alcohol related violence or intimidation may well mean
        that large numbers of people avoid city centres on weekend evenings.” Government’s
        Crime Reduction Toolkit. “It has been estimated that 40% of violent crime; 78%
        of assaults and 88% of criminal damage cases are committed while the offender is under
        the influence of alcohol. Although there is no simple causal relationship, alcohol is often
        consumed by offenders and victims prior to the offence being committed.” Government’s
        Crime Reduction Toolkit.




                                                32
10.     Workstream 5 Employment, Education and Entrepreneurship in
        Newham

         Summary of Evidence
         •   Employment Vision: To develop Newham into a borough where residents can
             be independent through employment
         •   The Night-Time Economy could potentially increase the number of employers
             and businesses in the area.
         •   Workplace is a new ‘one stop shop’ allowing employees and employers to be
             matched up. It is supported by NRF funding and Regeneration.
         •   Local businesses spend earnings locally (New Economics Foundation call this
             the “multiplier effect”, whereas money spent with a multinational is likely to
             leave the borough and take the financial benefit elsewhere).
         •   Ethnic minority self-employment (setting up a business is a popular means of
             wealth creation amongst ethnic minorities. 10% white working population self-
             employed, 16% ethnic minority working population self-employed, DTI 2002)
         •   Business support (through Workplace) including an innovative new leaflet
             highlighting services on offer sent out with business rates information.


10.1.   The Commission were interested to find out how a thriving Night-Time Economy could
        bring financial benefits and local prosperity to the area. The Access to Jobs Officer,
        Regeneration was invited to explain the work of the Employment and Enterprise Local
        Action Partnership Board.

10.2. Current work of the Employment and Enterprise Local Action Partnership
      Board

        We heard that the Employment and Enterprise Local Action Partnership Board’s
        employment strategy had the stated vision “to develop Newham into a borough where
        residents can be independent through employment”. Members learnt that the objectives
        within the employment strategy were: “to raise the employability of local people and to get
        them jobs”, “to raise the aspiration levels of local people”, “to raise income levels” and “to
        meet employers’ needs”.

10.3.   The Employment and Enterprise Local Action Partnership Board aimed to be employer led
        in their service delivery, that is they offered training which would meet employers’ stated
        needs. The Commission heard that a new employment and entrepreneurship one stop
        shop was being established. Similar schemes have been in operation in neighbouring
        boroughs such as “Skillsmatch” in Tower Hamlets. The Newham scheme was called
        “Workplace” and aimed to ease the entry into work for all residents, especially those who
        were unemployed or under-employed. Support packages for employees were aimed at
        placing and maintaining them in jobs that they were able to do. Employers would be
        encouraged to use the Workplace service by the provision of services such as screening
        and matching applicants and carrying out reference and right to work checks. Specialised
        training could also be provided for large numbers of staff (this could be either for one large
        employer or for many employers who are looking for similar staff skills). After similar
        training for the Galleons Reach Development, retention rates for placed staff were double
        the national average at 80%.

10.4. Entrepreneurs

        Entrepreneurs would be helped by the business support offered by the Business Support
        team, the East London Business Centre and Workplace. Such support would focus on
        skills development and ongoing help and guidance on setting up, running and financing a

                                                 33
        business. The opportunity to tender for local Council, and the Five Olympic Boroughs’,
        contracts would also be explained and local businesses supported in the bidding process.

10.5.   The Government operates a scheme whereby councils are rewarded for business growth
        and the subsequent business rates increase. A percentage of the increased business
        rates is given back to councils as part of the Local Area Business Growth Incentive
        scheme. This year Newham received £1,016,524. The Commission understands that
        2007/2008 is the last year for this scheme’s operation and that it is to be replaced as part
        of the Lyons Report (due in April 2007). Whilst the nature of the replacement scheme is
        not yet understood, the Commission believes that one option for consideration is that a
        proportion of any incentive received could be redirected from the General Fund to
        promote further business growth. Specifically it could be used to further develop our small
        business support, the Business Support and Information webpage and to make our town
        centres appealing to businesses.

10.6. The Commission is aware of a 2007 survey carried out by the London Councils’ Group
       looking at how London authorities in receipt of Local Area Business Growth Incentive
       money distributed it. They found that, of the 14 boroughs participating in the survey, half
       used their Local Area Business Growth Incentive funding to directly support economic
       development activity, although some only directed a proportion of this money to such
       activity. Economic development activity supported included funding for town centre
       management and development, funding economic development and regeneration work,
       supporting an enterprise zone and supporting local enterprise projects and local
       businesses.

10.7.   FINDING: The Commission welcomes the success of the Council in creating an
        environment in which businesses are able to grow and succeed. We note that local
        businesses are wealth generators for the area as money spent with them tends to
        be redistributed locally. Further the Commission notes that there may be an
        opportunity to direct some, or all, of the Local Area Business Growth Incentive
        Scheme and its future replacement to Business Support in Regeneration in order to
        encourage greater business growth, creating a virtuous circle.

10.8.   RECOMMENDATION 8: The Commission is keen for Night-Time Economy
        businesses in Newham to be provided both by big chain brands and also by local
        entrepreneurs. We endorse the establishment of the Business Support and
        Information webpage and its facilities such as the “property search” function-
        which is a database of Council and commercially owned properties. We recommend
        further that this service be promoted through leafleting and promotional events
        such as “open days”. Not only existing businesses but also potential entrepreneurs
        should be targeted in order to draw investment into the borough. Links with the
        London East Business Centre and with Workplace should also be strengthened.

10.9. Jobs and businesses in a thriving Night-Time Economy

        The commission heard that the development of the Night-Time Economy in Newham
        would result in an increase in the number of employment opportunities. These would
        predominantly be in the leisure and entertainment (theatres/cinema/casino), customer
        services, security and hospitality (cafés/restaurants/ hotels). A key goal for the
        Employment and Enterprise Local Action Partnership Board was that locals were given
        the support and skills development required to allow them to secure higher level jobs,
        rather than just performing unskilled work. In order for the businesses creating these jobs
        to thrive, support would be needed from the Local Authority (Planning, Public Realm
        (cleansing, refuse collection), Licensing, Town Centre Management, Culture, Tourism),
        the Police, the Health Service and for good transportation provision.



                                                34
10.10. The Access to Jobs Team will be able to organise and broker arrangements in order to
       ensure that residents and businesses are able to take advantage of forthcoming
       opportunities within the Night-Time Economy. Key areas for focus include the need for
       industry specific language training for those who have English as a second language.

10.11. FINDING: The Commission commends the work of the Business Support
       unit and the Employment and Enterprise Local Action Partnership Board and
       believes that the establishment of Workplace will be very useful in
       promoting successful employment in Newham and in helping the growth of
       local businesses, including those catering for the Night-Time Economy.




                                            35
11.     Workstream 6 The Commission’s visit to Hackney: the Shoreditch
        experience

        The Commission visited colleagues at Hackney to hear about their experience with the
        development of Shoreditch as an Night-Time Economy destination. We learnt that
        Shoreditch’s regeneration had been boosted and its profile raised by the development of
        an Night-Time Economy. We were informed by Hackney Members that market forces
        generally result in alcohol and gambling being the most popular forms of Night-Time
        Economy entertainment. Restaurants (unless very high end), theatres and cinemas are
        not so profitable. We heard that Shoreditch had developed into an alcohol based leisure
        experience and that this raised several challenges.

11.1.   Key challenges raised by a lively Night-Time Economy were identified as:

        ∗   Noise
        ∗   Crime
        ∗   Litter
        ∗   Co-operation with statutory partners
        ∗   Conflict between residents and commercial premises and their users

        Crime, Litter and Co-operation with statutory partners are all linked to hours of service
        provision.

11.1. Noise

        −   Planning policy in Shoreditch required double glazing, sound reduction measures such
            as keeping windows shut and buffering bars from residential properties with retail
            venues.
        −   Ambient street noise created by revellers can put residents and businesses and their
            users in conflict. The closing times of various venues are staggered which can
            increase street noise. The new anti-smoking legislation will force smokers out onto
            the street which will create more street noise.
        −   Street drinking produced by “off-sales” are also controlled. Licensing conditions now
            contain a guidance note preventing bars from using outside space as an extension of
            their premises. If they break this condition then their licence is up for review.
        −   Mixed use buildings can also result in conflict as restaurants on the ground floor of
            buildings can annoy residents who live above.

11.2.   Crime

        −   Shoreditch has a high rate of crime. This includes thefts but also more serious crimes
            such as Actual Bodily Harm and Grevious Bodily Harm.
        −   The peak hours for crime vary by location: 12-5pm in Hackney Central but in
            Shoreditch (10pm-2am) this puts a strain on enforcement activity.
        −   An alcohol disorder zone has been created, putting a charge on those areas with
            alcohol disruption problems.
        −   Some club promoters attract criminals, including those linked to drugs and guns.

11.3.   Litter and public realm

        −   Cleaning has to be during night time hours or in the early morning so that late night
            detritus does not impact on residents the next morning. An example is that Hoxton
            Square is very densely littered at 4am, but clean again before 9am.
        −   Hackney has a clear-all strategy, but this results in commercial waste being collected
            without charge. Strategies to identify the source of waste generation are going ahead

                                                36
        −   Planning conditions require waste storage, including empty bottles, to be kept inside.
            This needs to be enforced as otherwise pavements are cluttered with 1,100 litre
            Eurobins.

11.4.   Co-operation with statutory partners

        −   Enforcement of grafitti, flyposting and littering laws were all identified as important.
        −   The Council liaises closely with police to try to pro-actively manage crowd-control and
            alcohol disorder issues.
        −   The ambulance service plans to establish a field hospital in Shoreditch to reduce call
            outs
        −   The Local Service Partnership (Team Hackney) are adopting a consistent
            enforcement regime (licensing, planning) and are publicising all Anti-Social Behaviour
            Orders and Acceptable Behaviour Contracts.
        −   Police now have the power to close problem venues under the powers of Police, Clubs
            and Vice.

11.5.   Conflict between residents and commercial premises and their users

        −   There is a regular meeting of representatives from resident and commercial groups,
            which is chaired by the Council and tries to mediate between the two interest groups.
        −   The police, town centre management or wardens work to control anti-social behaviour.
        −   Pubwatch and the Licensed Traders Group in Hackney primarily lobby against the
            Special Policy Area.
        −   Bars have been so profitable and successful that they have driven out much of the
            daytime economy in the area. Members heard that it is important to maintain a
            mixture of shops, restaurants and bars.
        −   Reducing problems such as people leaving clubs urinating in the streets. This is being
            combated by temporary urinals that are installed by Transport for London in the
            evening and collected the next morning.

11.6.   The Commission heard that the development of Shoreditch had been a very much
        organic, market force led, process which had not been led or even supported by the
        Council at the time. The Shoreditch triangle contains 25% of all Hackney’s licensed
        premises. These are generally small independently owned operations, rather than chains.


11.7.   New legislation has not really changed the face of Night-Time Economy in Shoreditch.
        Shoreditch’s Night-Time Economy is very much dependent on the leisure market. It is
        much livelier as the weekend approaches. Days of peak activity are Friday- Sunday for
        restaurants and Thursday- Sunday for drinking establishments.

11.8.   Shoreditch has been designated a Special Policy Area to control the problems caused by
        the large crowds of people who go out and drink in Shoreditch. This designation is only
        possible in the face of an existing problem. A more pro-active approach is the
        identification of an Entertainment Management Zone where special measures are put into
        place to prevent problems emerging.

11.9.   We learnt that the regeneration of Shoreditch has been boosted and its profile raised by
        its development of a Night-Time Economy. Regeneration has also been boosted by the
        residential redevelopment that took place but this has also caused a process of
        gentrification that brings its own problems with it. Another linked problem is that
        established bars may find that new residents are able to successfully restrict their
        operation, this could cause legal problems for the Council as they permitted the new
        residential development to arise.


                                                37
12.     Workstream 7: The Alternative Night-Time Economy - Uniquely
        Newham

         Summary of Evidence
         •   Part of the 2012 legacy work
         •   Way of promoting social inclusiveness
         •   Non-alcoholic nightlife results in less Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour
         •   Keeps youths off the street and positively occupied
         •   Promotes “busy” feel later at night, improving perceptions of safety

12.1.   “Diversifying the night time economy is identified as an important issue in the Mayor [of
        London] ’s Culture Strategy. The strategy acknowledges that many of London’s citizens
        are excluded from and poorly represented within late night entertainment areas.“ Greater
        London Authority Draft Guidance Night-Time Economy.

12.2.   The Commission understands the importance of social cohesion in an area as diverse as
        Newham, especially with the regeneration development which will attract new kinds of
        residents. Research undertaken for the Commission by London East Research Institute
        identified that a thriving Night-Time Economy produces the benefit of population group mix
        and a forum for different kinds of residents to meet and socialise, promoting a sense of
        community.

12.3.   The Commission notes that, in order to be inclusive, the Night-Time Economy in Newham
        needs to offer more than simply “large branded drinking warehouses”. It is suggested that
        Newham would benefit from providing alternative Night-Time Economy provision such as
        cinemas, theatres, late night gym, library and shop opening, youth centres and late night
        cafés. The recently announced opening of Birkbeck College’s Stratford annex will also
        increase the number of people around in Newham in the evenings, and will also form
        another part of the Night-Time Economy.

12.4.   Since it has been noted in Workstream 4 that late night Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour
        is generally linked to alcohol consumption, then a more culturally focused Night-Time
        Economy should have significantly less impact on residents’ quality of life than would an
        alcohol based one. Additionally, if more people feel welcome to participate in the Night-
        Time Economy, for example attending a late night gym session and then going to the
        library and on for a coffee, then areas will feel busier. Generally people feel safer in busy
        places compared to deserted ones. This will increase perceptions of safety. So too will
        the reduction of people “hanging around”. If youth centre provision forms part of the
        Night-Time Economy strategy alongside cinemas, bowling alleys and cafés, then young
        people will be purposefully occupied and so will be less likely to cause disturbance and
        Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour through boredom.




                                                 38
12.5.   FINDING: A busy Night-Time Economy which is socially inclusive should reduce
        Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour. This may be particularly relevant in the case of
        young people .

12.6.   RECOMMENDATION 9: that the Town Centre strategy be developed to shape the
        Night-Time Economy within each town centre in Newham. This should promote a
        diverse Night-Time Economy which benefits the residents’ quality of life. This
        should link with the recommendations for independent town centre plans for each
        part of Newham (Workstream 2) and for a business friendly resource to promote
        Newham’s vision for each town centre and to be accessible to investors
        (Workstream 5).

12.7.   The Commission was also interested in culture as a driver of regeneration and the Night-
        Time Economy. We invited representatives from the 2012 unit to discuss this and also
        discussed this with our colleagues in Hackney. Members noted that Shoreditch’s Night-
        Time Economy had begun as a non-alcohol focused, cultural centre, with bohemian
        values. As often happens, however, the Night-Time Economy became established and
        was taken over by bars and clubs as these venues offer a higher income than cultural
        venues (a bar can just be a empty room for persons to consume alcohol, as opposed to a
        restaurant or coffee shop/poetry/art venue).

12.8.   We noted that the International Olympic Committee Charter required the organisation of “a
        programme of cultural events”. The Commission considered that the creative momentum
        for such events to be successful would greatly benefit from an indigenous creative
        industry. Members discussed the need to attract cultural industries to Newham and
        considered that planning provision could be made for these areas.

12.9.   Additionally research carried out for the Commission by LERI and discussions with
        Members from the London Borough of Hackney identified the possibility of creating “buzz”
        and increasing footfall through a more targeted provision of events and festivals which are
        co-ordinated with the Night-Time Economy strategy. These would also increase
        inclusiveness as they are provided without charge, allowing all residents to take part.

12.10. FINDING: Culture can spur the development of a thriving Night-Time Economy and
       the regeneration of an area. Cultural events can act as an introduction to the area,
       attracting visitors and increasing a sense of belonging.

12.11. FINDING: The Commission recognises that Newham already has a successful
       cultural programme of festivals and events. These activities create a “buzz” and
       increase footfall to attract visitors and then businesses. It is suggested that the
       Town Centre Manager co-ordinates with the lead officer on events in order to
       ensure that these events are able to fit with the individual area’s strategy and also
       that they are planned ahead to allow the good management of resources. These
       would be a way of marketing Newham to outsiders. Such events could include
       themed festivals, live street music and open air cinema events. (Bollywood festival
       near Boleyn cinema, live street music and cinema screening near Excel).

12.12. The Commission recognises that venues selling alcohol are the biggest income
       generators within the Night-Time Economy and that take-away food providers also thrive.
       In order to ensure that a diverse mix of both day and night time shops and service
       providers exist within each area, it is proposed that Planning and Licensing co-ordinate to
       ensure that the number of alcoholic venues are limited and that take-away premises do
       not proliferate in one place as this can cause gathering of crowds late at night and
       possibly increase the risk of Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour. Consistent enforcement
       and the regular consideration of a saturation policy should form part of the Entertainment
       Management Zone strategy.          Different areas within Newham will have Night-Time

                                                39
      Economies which are more or less alcohol focused to suit local needs. This should be
      considered not only in the context of demand, but also with the consideration of residents’
      quality of life.

12.13. RECOMMENDATION 10: that steps are taken to ensure that the development of a
       purely alcohol based Night-Time Economy is limited. Planning and Licensing
       conditions for both new and existing premises should continue to be regular and
       consistent, and enforced.




                                              40
13.   Additions

      Visits

      •   A meeting of Newham Pubwatch at the Railway Tavern, Angel Lane, Stratford.
      •   East Ham High Street North after 6pm
      •   Shoreditch- a chance to visit a thriving Night-Time Economy and to discuss lessons
          learnt with Members and Officers

      Research

      Research carried out by London East Research Institute (UEL) for the Commission

      http://mgov.newham.gov.uk/ieListDocuments.asp?CId=972&MId=5215&Ver=4&J=
      3

      Terms of reference
      NTE- activity after 6pm (divides up into evening (pre-9pm) and night)



      Background information and documents
      CAMRA-          Public           House          Viability               Test      2004
      http://www.communitypubs.org/pdf/Public_House_Viability_21.pdf
      CAMRA- Saving Your Local Pub 2004
      http://www.communitypubs.org/pdf/SavingyourLocalPub.pdf
      Civic Trust / Westminster City Council: Snapshots of the Evening Economy
      http://www.civictrust.org.uk/evening/Snapshots.pdf
      Crime Reduction Toolkit
      http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/toolkits/ar020101.htm
      DTI Engaging Ethnic Enterprise Conference, 2002
      http://www.dti.gov.uk/ministers/speeches/griffiths130202.html
      Greater London Authority Night Time Economy Best Practice Draft
      http://www.london.gov.uk/mayor/strategies/sds/docs/bpg-nighttime-economy.pdf
      New Economics Foundation, 2005
      http://www.neweconomics.org/gen/news_buyinglocalworth400percentmore.aspx
      Newham Development Trust

      http://www.newham.gov.uk/Services/RegenerationProjects/AboutUs/NewhamDevTrust.ht
      m
      Newham Household Panel Survey, Wave 4, Corporate Research Unit, LBN.
      http://www.newham.info/research/survey_wave4.htm
      Newham Voluntary Sector Consortium
      http://www.nvsc.org.uk/laa/docs/laa_draft5.pdf
      Public Convenience Planning, Chartered Institute of Building Service Provision meeting
      2002
      http://www.cibse.org/pdfs/Greed.pdf
      Urilift (pop-up lavatories)
      http://www.urilift.com/index.php




                                              41
APPENDIX 1 – ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Scrutiny Commission Members
Councillor Marie Collier (Chair of the Commission)
Councillor Ayub Korom Ali (Deputy Chair of the Commission)
Councillor Jonathan Knott
Councillor Paul Schafer
Councillor Denise Stafford
Councillor Simon Tucker

Scrutiny Commission Support Officers
Satbinder Sanghera, Head of Overview and Scrutiny
Jonathan Shaw, Deputy Head of Overview and Scrutiny
Rob Flynn, Scrutiny Manager
Nasim Patel, Acting Scrutiny Manager,
Kuldip Dhaliwal, Principal Scrutiny Support Officer
Amber Soni, Research/ Policy Officer
Sharon Goddard, Secretary
Osman Khan, Administrative Assistant

Newham Councillors who attended Commission meeting
Cllr. Alec Kellaway, Operational Executive Adviser, Business Partnerships and Skills
Cllr. June Leitch, Operational Executive Adviser, Public Realm

Newham Council Officers who gave evidence
Margaret Almond, Access to Jobs Co-ordinator, Regeneration & Development
Deirdra Armsby, Principal Planner, Regeneration & Development
Ian Butcher, Planner, Regeneration and Development
Shirley Clark, Head of Public Realm
Judith Comrie, Access to Jobs Officer, Regeneration & Development
Mike Heraty, Regeneration Manager, Regeneration & Development
Laurence Knott, Town Centre Strategy Manager, Regeneration & Development
Steve Miller, Strategic Manager, Public Protection, Housing and Public Protection
Paul Morris, Head of Constabulary and Response, Crime & Anti-Social Behaviour
Anna Reade, Tourism & Visitors Legacy Advisor, Newham 2012
Sheila Roberts, Service Unit Manager, Licensing
Louise Venn, Arts and Culture Legacy Advisor, Newham 2012
Benjamin Woods, Senior Regeneration Officer, Business Development


Other assistance to the Scrutiny Commission
Sgt. Alan Allwood, Licensing Officer, Metropolitan Police, Newham
Janet Dooner, Landlady of Railway Tavern, Angel Lane, Stratford

Researchers from the London East Research Institute, University of East London

LB Hackney
Councillor Christine Boyd (Labour)
Councillor Afolasade Bright (Labour)
Councillor Barry Buitekant (Labour)
Councillor Philip Glanville (Labour)
Councillor Alan Laing (Labour)
Councillor Clayeon McKenzie (Labour)
Councillor Jonathan McShane (Labour)
Councillor Carole Williams (Labour)
Alan Hawes, Interim Head of Building Control and Licensing

                                       42
APPENDIX 2 – PROGRAMME OF WORK
                          NIGHT TIME ECONOMY WORK PROGRAMME

WORKSTREAM        MEETING      WHAT            INFORMATION HOW GET THIS?                     WHO     GAVE
                               NEEDED?                                                       THIS?
1.     TOWN       19 Sept 06   ∗ Emerging Town Centre ∗ Report                 outlining     ∗ Regeneration
CENTRE                            Management           Strategy    Strategy           (as    ∗ OSU
MANAGEMENT                        (aspects relevant to NTE)        relevant to NTE)
                               ∗ Results of Regeneration ∗ Report                giving
                                  study      (e.g.   transport,    results of study
                                  demographics etc.)
                               ∗ Best Practice for NTE town
                                  centre management
2.    PLANNING    17 Oct 06    ∗ Provisions made in UDP/ ∗ Report              outlining     ∗   Planning
                                  LDF for NTE planning             relevant provision        ∗   OSU
                               ∗ The planning stance on            in UDP/ LDF and
                                  the NTE                          indicating
                               ∗ The role of planning in           Planning’s stance
                                  regeneration                     on NTE.
                               ∗ Best practice in planning ∗ Planning                  to
                                  for NTE (e.g. type of            indicate a best
                                  development etc.)                practice example
                               ∗ How planning provision            for NTE planning
                                  can positively influence the     for regeneration.
                                  night time economy.
3.      CASE      6pm          Walk around East Ham and look at the evening                  ∗   Community
STUDIES           21 Nov 06    economy. What happens after 6pm when shops shut.                  Police
                               Escorted by Community Support Officers                        ∗   OSU
4.    LICENSING   21 Nov 06    ∗ Provisions made in the ∗ Report               outlining     ∗   Licensing unit
                                  Licensing Policy for the         the key aspects of            (Sheila
                                  NTE                              the licensing policy          Roberts)
                               ∗ Cross-working        between      as it stands and          ∗   Pubwatch
                                  Licensing, Planning and          the work of the           ∗   Police
                                  Regeneration                     licensing
                               ∗ What conditions would             committee.
                                  help     to    generate      a   Pr⎯cis               of
                                  sustainable               and    licensing process
                                  appropriate night time ∗ Evidence                 from
                                  economy.                         Pubwatch and the
                                                                   Licensing
                                                                   Sargeant
5.                23 Jan 07    ∗ Impact of NTE on                ∗ Papers              on    ∗   Public Realm
MANAGEMENT                     ∗ Policing requirements             potential impact          ∗   Crime & ASB
OF THE NIGHT-                  ∗ Street Scene                    ∗ & officers to attend          unit
TIME ECONOMY                   ∗ Crime & ASB                       for questioning
6.       FACT     8 Feb 07     ∗ A chance to meet LB Hackney Members and                     ∗   Community
FINDING VISIT                     Officers who can give a perspective on how                     Police
TO                                Shoreditch came to have a thriving NTE and who             ∗   Hackney
SHOREDITCH                        can share any lessons learnt                               ∗   OSU
7.        THE     20 Feb 07    ∗ The role of Culture in ∗ Paper/                             ∗   2012       unit
ALTERNATIVE                       Regeneration                     presentation        on        officers
NTE                            ∗ How the NTE can link with         potential crossover       ∗   Employment
                                  the 2012 Cultural Agenda         with 2012 Cultural            Enterprise
and                               and Legacy                       Olympiad                      Local
                               ∗ The        work     of      the ∗ Paper/presentation            Partnership
EDUCATION                         Employment                and    on          possible          Board
AND                               Enterprise              Local    “alternative” NTE         ∗   UEL
EMPLOYMENT                        Partnership Board and its        provision and best            researchers
                                  future strategy                  practice in this          ∗   OSU


                                               43
And             ∗   The types of jobs which          field
                    may be created by a          ∗   A paper on current
RESULTS    OF       thriving NTE                     and future work
RESEARCH        ∗   Training through work-           opportunities and
CARRIED OUT         provision      of    local       estimated job gain
FOR      THE        education providers              from NTE
COMMISSION      ∗   What NTE provision is        ∗   Paper on local in-
                    appropriate for Newham           job         training
                ∗   How can the NTE be wider         provision & best
                    than just drinking/ eating       practice
                    venues                       ∗   Paper on what
                                                     NTE       provision
                                                     would             be
                                                     appropriate
                                                     (derived       from
                                                     research)




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