Chair's Foreword …. …. …. …. …. …. …. …. 3
A. Executive Summary …. …. …. …. …. …. …. …. 4
B. Recommendations …. …. …. …. …. …. …. …. 6
1. Introduction - Why Night-Time Economy was selected …. …. …. 14
2. Newham's current Night-Time Economy …. …. …. …. …. 14
3. The Vision and new housing provision for Newham's expanding
population …. …. …. …. …. …. …. …. …. 15
4. Olympics and the development of Newham …. …. …. …. 16
5. The focus of the Commission …. …. …. …. …. 16
6. Workstream 1: Town Centres in Newham …. …. …. …. 17
7. Workstream 2: Planning and the Night-Time Economy …. …. …. 20
8. Workstream 3: Licensing and the Night-time Economy …. …. …. 27
9. Workstream 4: Management of the Night-Time Economy …. …. 30
10. Workstream 5: Employment, Education and Entrepreneurship
in Newham …. …. …. …. …. …. …. …. …. 36
11. Workstream 6: The Commission's visit to Hackney: the Shoreditch
experience …. …. …. …. …. …. …. …. …. 39
12. Workstream 7: The Alternative Night-Time Economy - Uniquely
Newham …. …. …. …. …. …. …. …. …. 42
13. Additions …. …. …. …. …. …. ….. … …. 45
Appendix 1 - Acknowledgements …. …. …. …. …. …. 46
Appendix 2 - Programme of Work …. …. …. …. …. …. 48
Chair’s Foreword for the Night-Time Economy Commission Report
Going out to a nearby restaurant, walking out to a pub to meet with friends or heading down the
leisure centre after working late. All of these things form part of the Night-Time Economy and can
mean that residents enjoy living in Newham. More than this, they also increase the employment
opportunities available to locals. In this way our Commission is strongly linked to the Council’s
Vision: that Newham become a place where people choose to live and work.
We have had seven meetings and looked at the topic from many angles. I would like to thank
Councillors Ayub Korom Ali (Deputy Chair), Jonathan Knott, Councillor Paul Schafer, Denise
Stafford and Simon Tucker for their contributions.
I would also particularly like to thank those who gave evidence to the Commission and who took
the time to consider their work in this context. In particular the London Borough of Hackney, who
invited us to discuss their experiences (good and bad) about developing a Night-Time Economy
in their borough. I would also like to thank Amber Soni, Jonathan Shaw and Osman Khan, the
Scrutiny officers who have helped us with the work of the Commission.
Our recommendations are based on all of the evidence that we received and research from the
Household Panel Survey, our own independent research specifically around the Night-Time
Economy and our visit to the London Borough of Hackney. I believe that, if accepted, these
recommendations will have a positive influence on shaping the development of the Night-Time
Economy in the borough so that it is of benefit to our residents.
Cllr. Marie Collier
Chair, Night-Time Economy Scrutiny Commission
A. Executive Summary
A well developed, diverse and well managed Night-Time Economy will help the Council
and its partners to deliver the vision to make Newham a place where people choose to
live and work. The Council has the chance to influence the development of a Night-Time
Economy which is welcoming and appealing to all; giving the chance of whole family
entertainment and diversion in a variety of venues. This approach may also allow the
promotion of community cohesion by developing the Night-Time Economy as a forum for
all parts of the community to safely mix.
The Olympic and Paralympic Games 2012 give a unique impetus to the development of
the Night-Time Economy and the associated cultural Olympiad will provide a golden
opportunity to showcase what Newham has to offer by both day and night.
The Commission has found that there is likely to be value in taking a co-ordinated
approach to the redevelopment of Newham’s town centres, including after 6pm- the focus
of this Commission’s work. The current valuable work on the creation of a Town Centre
Vision is of worth and should add coherence to town centre management and the Night-
Time Economy experience. This will also help to attract businesses as investors will be
able to identify development opportunities.
The Commission is of the view that each town centre should have a diverse economy
offering a variety of shops and venues for both daytime and night-time use. These should
be appropriate for the residents and visitors of each area (both in scale and type of
provision). Further, the Commission is of the view that the vibrancy of the day and night
time economies is dependent on a mixture of uses for town centre premises.
A thriving Night-Time Economy can be a real asset to an area, both economically and
reputationally. The Commission recognises, however, that a lively Night-Time Economy
could have an unwelcome effect on our residents. It is, however, important that it is
managed properly so that it enhances, rather than lessens, residents’ quality of life. The
development of a lively and well managed Night-Time Economy in Newham could be
promoted by a Night-Time Economy policy with clear strategies for different town centres.
In busier areas this policy could be formalised with the provision in the Local Development
Framework for the establishment of Entertainment Management Zones within Newham.
This would allow the Council to take a pro-active approach, co-ordinated with local
partners, as busier Night-Time Economy destinations develop.
This approach may help to attract more national chains to invest in the area. Brands are
valuable not just because they can bring experience of having operated in other
regeneration areas but also because the recognition can bring reassurance- it is a seal of
approval for the area. Sensitively managed, the arrival of more national chains may
improve the situation for independent businesses.
We learnt valuable lessons from Hackney about developing a thriving Night-Time
Economy and spoke with them at length about their experience as Shoreditch developed.
The Commission would like to thank them and our officers for their help. A key learning
was that the Council needs to control how areas develop, so that shops and services
cater for residents’ day-time needs as well as night-time visitors’ requirements. Newham
has the opportunity to plan ahead to successfully manage the development of the Night-
Time Economy. Planning needs to be pro-active in managing the potential conflicts
which can arise from the needs of residents and businesses within Newham’s town
centres. Issues such as mixed use buildings and the placing of both licensing and
planning constraints on business operation (such as restaurants) need consideration. So
too does the capacity to maintain a clean and attractive street scene during both the day
and the night.
We were also helped in our work by comprehensive and in-depth research carried out for
the Commission by the London East Research Institute of the University of East London.
Their research has been used to help us to form our recommendations.
MAYORAL RESPONSE TEMPLATE: FINAL SCRUTINY REPORT ON THE NIGHT-TIME ECONOMY SCRUTINY COMMISSION
Originating Scrutiny Commission: NIGHT-TIME ECONOMY
Chair of Scrutiny Commission: COUNCILLOR MARIE COLLIER
No. Recommendation Responding Recommended If 'No', If 'Yes', timescale for
(Scrutiny Officer to list all individually and in Department for adoption reason implementation
full) or (Yes/No) and
WORKSTREAM 1: TOWN CENTRES IN NEWHAM
1. That a detailed strategy be developed for each Regeneration YES The Vision for Newham Town Centres is subject
town centre and that this is disseminated by the and to discussion at Cabinet on 21st June 2007. The
use of implementation plans for each town Development Vision provides the strategic framework for
centre. These implementation plans should be delivery of action plans in each Town Centre.
regularly updated and take into account the role
of local partners and stakeholders (such as
Thames Gateway). They should also link to the
A process of prioritisation will taken place,
Local Development Framework. Town Centre based on discussion at Cabinet where 2/ 3
Managers should work closely with Public Realm centres will be prioritised for the development of
and Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour, for full action plans from September 2007 – April
example, to ensure that issues can be resolved 2008.
quickly and effectively. They should work closely
with the Business Development Team. Links with
local councillors and local representatives are
also important in light of the need to reflect local
opinion. The use of innovative consultation
techniques should also be considered.
WORKSTREAM 2: PLANNING AND THE NIGHT-TIME ECONOMY
2 That the Development Control Manual (to be part Regeneration YES Before a timescale is identified Legal opinion is
of the Local Development Framework) contains and required on the risks of planning appeals /
policies which restrict the loss of pubs, Development inquiries and the consequences of such
restaurants and other entertainment venues. appeals.
This would preserve amenity value for residents
by maintaining an effective mix of residential and
day and night-time leisure and retail uses. The
Development Control Manual should also include
policies regarding the need for larger venues, as
well as those of more modest size. Family
occasions such as weddings and events such as
concerts may require the preservation, or
creation, of larger venues within Newham.
Additionally policies should aim to restrict the
growth of A5 use (hot takeaway use is currently
promoted under policy SH20 in the Unitary
Development Plan) in light of the perceived high
number of such outlets and their associated
health and litter implications. The Council’s
Community Well-Being power could be of
possible use in supporting this policy.
3 The Commission is of the view that the Regeneration YES A Policy relating to the Night-time Economy
development of a core policy regarding the Night- and has been incorporated into the Core
Time Economy within the Local Development Development Strategy. The Council’s preferred option in
Framework is vital to the delivery of the Council's relation to the Night-Time Economy is
Vision. The development of a Night-Time
Economy will make Newham a more attractive
place to live and work as well as drawing in
The Council will encourage the development of the
investment and enterprise and creating jobs. A
Night-Time Economy in the Borough. The Council
clearly expressed, outcome focused, core policy
will support the development of night-time uses in
will attract businesses who want to contribute to
existing town centres. Any proposals should comply
with all other relevant planning policies.
the regeneration of the area through the The Council aim to publicly consult on the Core
development of the Night-Time Economy, so Strategy this summer, and therefore this policy
encouraging a diverse mix of offerings which is subject to change.
should appeal to the whole community.
4 Officers should undertake an audit of those Regeneration PARTIAL Agree that not all derelict Council buildings
council-owned and public-sector owned buildings and would be suitable for night-time uses. A number
and sites which are not in use and which could Development of these sites would be better suited to meeting
contribute to regeneration. It is, however, other Council objectives (e.g. housing,
acknowledged that not all such properties will be
suitable for night-time uses. The audit should be
undertaken with a view to bringing these
properties back into use or redeveloping them. Two projects / issues of relevance – Newham
This will increase the number of properties Commercial Property Management, Newham
available for possible Night-Time Economy uses Development Vehicle and Jackie Morrison’s list
and should also improve a sense of safety as of heritage sites we want to keep an eye on.
abandoned buildings can attract anti-social
behaviour. The Council should look at innovative Identified sites can be incorporated into a
ways to drive this, using the Community Well- document which forms part of the LDF called
Being power. The Commission notes the planned the Site Specific Allocations documents. This
establishment of the Newham Development Trust will identify site-specific proposals for a number
and welcomes this.
of sites in the borough with the aim of bringing
these sites forward for development for their
designated land use. The preparation of this
document is due to start at the beginning of
WORKSTREAM 3: LICENSING AND THE NIGHT-TIME ECONOMY
5 The Commission found that there is value in Regeneration YES There are already close links between
strengthening the links between Licensing, and departments / sections on enforcement
Planning and Regeneration, Policing and Public Development
Realm. The designation of Entertainment From January 2008 the new Town Centre
Management Zones in the Local Development
Management Team will be able to co-ordinate
Framework as appropriate and further
development of a politically co-ordinated
department activity – both proactive and
approach to the development of the Night-Time reactive.
would allow the Council to positively influence the As a precursor, Business Development are
development of Newham’s town centres. pulling together an Internal Business Group
comprised of officers involved in delivering
services which affect businesses – this may
meet by May / June 2007
The Planning policy team seek the designation
of Entertainment Management Zones (EMZ) to
be a long term objective. Currently the borough
has an underdeveloped Night-Time Economy
and therefore we see no reason to designate an
area as an EMZ, as there is very little to
manage. As the Night-Time Economy develops
in specific areas, EMZ could be designated
accordingly. Any future EMZ designations could
be led by the Town Centre Strategies /
WORKSTREAM 4: MANAGEMENT OF THE NIGHT-TIME ECONOMY
6 In Newham most reports of Anti-Social Behaviour Licensing YES Licensing - It is current practice to use
between 10pm and 6am are linked to noise and Planning (Licensing) regulatory powers to seek to minimise public
nuisance. Any development of the Night-Time YES nuisance by consideration of license
Economy should seek to minimise additional (Planning) applications and variations and the effect of the
noise nuisance. Through imposing Licensing
activities of licensed premises in contributing to
conditions and ensuring as far as possible the
potential for noise nuisance is minimised (e.g.
public nuisance. Additionally existing powers
good sound insulation and sensible location of can be used to review licenses where public
Night-Time Economy venues in relation to nuisance becomes a problem.
residential buildings). In order to avoid conflict
future residential developments should be Licensing will continue to invite comments from
considered in light of the nature of nearby the responsible authorities, including with
businesses- existing venues may produce noise Planning and other service areas where a
in the course of their operation. licence has been called in for review and will
accept comments made upon receipt of an
application for a new or varied licence.
Planning - Existing planning policy,
environmental policy and development control
practices should ensure that the requirements in
this proposal are fulfilled. When a night-time use
(noisy use) is approved, the Development
Control 0fficer will attach a number of standard
conditions which will mitigate against any
With many mixed use schemes either being
considered or in the pipeline, planning
applications are being considered in the light of
promoting high quality design.
7 Enforcement should send out a ‘message’ about Crime and PARTIAL( C/ASB- Public Realm and The Crime and Anti
Newham’s expectations of residents and visitors. Anti-Social C/ASB), Social Behaviour Service are already
The Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour Service and Behaviour PARTIAL developing improved working relationships with
Police are working together to combat street Service (Public Realm) regards to many environmental issue
crime and anti-social behaviour such as littering.
& responses. Joint enforcement initiatives have
The Commission welcomes the fact that Public
Realm and the Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour
Public Realm proved successful in reversing inappropriate
Service were beginning to work together in behaviour, including littering and sustaining any
enforcing littering fines. The Commission strongly reduction.
encourages and supports this collaboration and
would recommend that it be continued and The C/ASB service has an enforcement
developed. In light of the Deputy Chief responsibility and are using a wide range of
Executive’s review of all enforcement activity, the ASB tools and powers to tackle ASB. This is
Commission recommends that all available now primarily tackled through the use of Fixed
enforcement powers are explored and used. Penalty Notices (FPN’s), warning letters,
Technology such as the Personal Digital ASBO’s and other court prohibitions. There are
Assistants used by traffic wardens may be useful.
no long term plans for a significant use of
Good enforcement would
improve attitudes towards the area and The challenges to establishing an immediate
encourage an atmosphere of responsibility and response to any roll out of a Night-Time
respect. Economy would be the need for an additional
night-time shift and additional staffing.
Public Realm- Public Realm will continue to work
closely with C&ASB to enable the delivery of
improved enforcement activity.
On the issue of PDA's those will be for C/ASB to
deliver. If they do we, will look at aligning our
WORKSTREAM 5: EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN NEWHAM
8 The Commission is keen for Night-Time Economy Regeneration YES Regeneration- Through partnerships with
businesses in Newham to be provided both by & (Regeneration auxiliary bodies such as Gateway to London
big chain brands and also by local entrepreneurs. Development & Regeneration will continue to promote the local
We endorse the establishment of the Business and Development) area to entrepreneurs, resident businesses and
Support and Information webpage and its Property & potential inward investors.
facilities such as the “property search” function-
which is a database of Council and commercially
Design YES ( Property Increase in usage of this service will be
owned properties. We recommend further that and Design) monitored after 12 months in order to measure
this service be promoted through leafleting and awareness amongst targeted user groups.
promotional events such as “open days”. Not only
existing businesses but also potential Property & Design-
entrepreneurs should be targeted in order to draw Property Services is currently in the process
investment into the borough. Links with the East of up-dating its existing web-site, to reflect
London Business Centre and with Workplace current projects and developments and will
should also be strengthened. work with colleagues in Regeneration Business
Support.Unit ( see link below )
Available commercial units are currently
advertised through local agents and
on the Property Services website. There
are no current plans for further
promotional activity but this will be reviewed
in due course.
Property Services also reviews the
Council’s commercial and operational
properties on a regular basis.
WORKSTREAM 7: THE ALTERNATIVE NIGHT-TIME ECONOMY - UNIQUELY NEWHAM
9 That the Town Centre strategy be developed to Regeneration YES As part of the Vision for Newham’s Town
shape the Night-Time Economy within each town Centre, the role of the Night-Time Economy is
centre in Newham. This should promote a identified, particularly in Stratford, Forest Gate,
diverse Night-Time Economy which benefits the Green Street and Silvertown Quays.
residents’ quality of life. This should link with the
recommendations for independent town centre
plans for each part of Newham (Workstream 2)
The priority action plans to be developed from
and for a business friendly resource to promote September 2007 will include section on the
Newham’s vision for each town centre and to be Night- Time Economy
accessible to investors (Workstream 5).
Links are made to the emerging Tourism
10 That steps are taken to ensure that the Regeneration YES Regeneration- Existing planning policy,
development of a purely alcohol based Night- and Public (REGENERAT environmental policy and development control
Time Economy is limited. Planning and Licensing Protection ION) practices should ensure the development of a
conditions for both new and existing premises (Licensing) PARTIAL purely alcohol based Night-Time Economy is
should continue to be regular and consistent, and
Licensing) Town Centre Strategies / Implementation Plans
will create a sufficient mix of Night-Time
Economy offers to ensure each Town Centre
caters for all requirements.
Licensing- Within Newham there is currently no
evidence of a particular area that is adversely
affected by the cumulative activities of a large
number of licensed premises. Therefore no
saturation policy has been included in the
Licensing Policy. That being the case Newham,
as a Licensing authority, currently has no
powers to refuse an application for a licence due
to there already being existing licensed
premises nearby. Such powers would come only
under the imposition of a saturation policy. A
saturation policy would only be appropriate in an
area where there was evidence that any
addition to the number of licensed premises
would contribute to an existing problem. In that
case the onus would be on an individual
applicant to show to the satisfaction of the
Licensing Authority that suitable and sufficient
steps had been taken to ensure that there would
be no additional cumulative impact on the area.
The service has a statutory obligation to review
any licence where a responsible authority or
other interested party has evidence that the
business is not meeting the licensing objectives.
These being: the prevention of public nuisance;
the prevention of crime and disorder; the
protection of children from harm; and public
safety. There is a range of sanctions that may
be imposed including the imposition of
additional conditions; the removal of one or
more licensable activity; a limitation on the
hours of operation; the suspension of a licence
for up to 3 months, and the complete revocation
of the licence. All decisions made by the
Licensing Sub-Committee are subject to appeal
to the Magistrates Court.
1. Introduction- why Night-Time Economy was selected as a topic
1.1. The development of a Night-Time Economy encourages investment, more local
jobs and would make the borough a more attractive environment for people to
visit, work and live. Communities function most effectively and have a higher
quality of life when the environment provides not only good quality housing,
transport, leisure facilities, schools and health services but also a range of
amenities such as good quality shops and entertainment venues.
1.2. Newham has an expanding population which is increasing, in large part due to
regeneration and the building of new homes. It is important that these new residents feel
that they belong to Newham and are positive about living in the borough. Developing a
Night-Time Economy is an important part of providing a good quality of life for residents.
1.3. Not only does a thriving Night-Time Economy provide enjoyment however, it is also a
valuable source of revenue for the locality (a 2003 report for the Greater London Authority
estimated that Londoners’ average monthly spend on the Night Time Economy is £150).
A successful night-time economy could be a driver of regeneration and attract investment
into an area, provide direct employment to local people, increase the success of business
suppliers working in the night-time economy, encourage the development of small
businesses and increase the profile, or change the perception of, an area. A vibrant Night-
Time Economy can prove to be an excellent introduction to an area for potential residents
and has promoted regeneration in areas such as Shoreditch.
1.4. A lively Night-Time Economy can also create new demands on local services and has the
potential to affect residents’ lives in a negative way. Newham’s rapidly increasing
population and the arrival of the Olympics will increase the demand for a Night-Time
Economy It is important that the Night-Time Economy which grows in response to this
demand is one which is beneficial to the area and which the Council can welcome.
Taking a pro-active stance before a thriving Night-Time Economy arises will allow the
Council to consider relevant issues and to shape the Night-Time Economy positively.
2. Newham’s current Night-Time Economy
2.1. In Newham there are nearly 700 licensed venues. Newham residents have high
aspirations for the Night-Time Economy as revealed by the research undertaken by the
London East Research Institute. Only 45% of respondents are of the view that Night-Time
Economy provision, in terms of the range, choice and variety, is satisfactory or above.
2.2. There are pockets of night-time activity such as around Green Street and the Excel Centre
which cater for specific groups. Green Street has restaurants which have developed
around the existing retail outlets in the area, whilst around Excel there are a number of
bars and restaurants used by visitors to the exhibition centre and hotels.
2.3. Stratford is the biggest town centre within Newham and the biggest and most established
Night-Time Economy. There is a strip of licensed premises (along the Broadway) and a
night club (the Rex). A possible correlate of Stratford’s Night-Time Economy is its status
as Newham’s crime “hotspot”.
2.4. During an evening walkabout undertaken by the Commission in East Ham it was noted
that most retail outlets were closed after 6pm, although takeaway venues and
bookmakers remained open. The Commission feels that it is vital for East Ham to remain
thriving into the evening and would wish to see a greater mixed use of High Street North,
including evening venues.
2.5. Many residents are deterred from going out late at night in Newham by fears of crime.
The Newham Household Panel Survey found that 45% of residents felt a bit, or very,
unsafe walking in Newham after dark. A solution to this perception of danger is possibly
the development of a busier and more vibrant street scene after 6pm, people may feel
safety in greater numbers.
3. The Vision and new housing provision for Newham’s expanding
3.1. Newham’s Vision is that by 2012 Newham will be a place where people choose to live and
work. Ensuring that Newham offers a high quality of life for residents, workers and visitors
will be a key part of achieving the Vision.
3.2. There are several major developments currently ongoing in Newham. These figures are
still to be confirmed by the Regeneration and Development Service Area.
∗ Stratford City (5,000 houses + shops – creating an estimated 30,000 jobs and
increasing disposable income)
∗ Regeneration of the Brooks Estate, Canning Town (£1.8 billion), Silvertown Quays (£1
billion), East Beckton, and other parts of the Lower Lea and the Royal Docks
∗ The housing target will make up 11% of London’s new housing supply (over 3,500 new
homes in Newham each year, which is three times the current level).
∗ Stratford will become a major travel destination and interchange: the Channel Tunnel
Rail Link and International Rail Station (£4.4 billion) will open soon. The DLR is also
undergoing extension at an investment of £185 million.
∗ Transport links such as the proposed Thames Gateway Bridge (£383 million) and
Crossrail (£10 billion) will bring more visitors and more investment to the borough.
4. Olympics and the development of Newham
4.1. The Olympic Park is being built in Newham in readiness for the Olympic and Paralympic
4.2. Whilst there will be an obvious surge of economic activity (and expected demand for a
Night-Time Economy during the games themselves) the athletes’ housing will
subsequently be converted into mixed tenure housing - who, it is likely, will expect their
new homes to offer a good quality of life, including nearby evening entertainment.
5. The focus of the Commission
5.1. This Commission focused on the potential ways to develop the Night-time Economy in
Newham and what (current and potential) residents wanted from an Night-Time Economy.
In doing this Members looked at best practice and learnings from elsewhere (e.g. the
London Borough of Hackney), commissioned research (including interviews with locals,
former residents and people who work in Newham) and talked to different service areas
regarding the potential for an Night-Time Economy in Newham.
5.2. We looked at seven different workstreams. The report and recommendations are listed
under the workstream categories, although there is some cross-over.
5.3. Recommendations are mostly strategic in keeping with our policy development
contribution. Observations of the Commission are provided as findings; setting in context
6. Workstream 1: Town Centres in Newham
Summary of Evidence:
• Night-Time Economy development should be restricted to town centres, rather
than green-field sites, as much as possible
• Town planning strategy will help to guide the character of individual town
centres. Way of offering guidance to investors.
• Recommended as part of regeneration package by Greater London Authority
draft guidance on the Night-Time Economy.
• Research identified that Newham Night-Time Economy “needs to develop a
blended and diverse offering ensuring that the developing tourist economy and
the Newham Night-Time Economy support and reinforce each other. There is
some anxiety about a split between an Night-Time Economy service sector
addressing a visitor and elite locals’ economy whilst a dwindling local Night-
Time Economy continues to decline”.
6.1. The Town Centre Vision
The Commission, therefore, wished to hear from the Regeneration service area regarding
the strategy for Newham’s town centres. We heard that Newham was currently
developing an overarching town centre vision which will emphasise the importance of
individual town centres’ development. There are now many ‘competitors’ for shoppers
and visitors such as out of town shopping developments and also internet shopping. The
Commission found that a comprehensive town centre strategy would also encourage
partnership working, especially with the private sector and manage growth and competing
interests, using planning and other statutory powers. The strategic and co-ordinated
approach to developing Newham’s town centres will help to ensure that they are
appealing and so contribute to the development, and regeneration, of Newham.
6.2. Planning guidance suggests that night-time activity should be constrained to Newham’s
town centres, rather than being out of town on green field sites. This was in keeping with
Greater London Authority draft guidance around best practice in the Night-Time Economy.
It can therefore be seen that the different ‘characters’ of different town centres within
Newham will have an influence on the kind of demographic that are attracted and
therefore the type of night-time economy that will thrive.
6.3. The Commission heard about several issues that should be considered when looking at
Town Centre Management and the Night-Time Economy. These were:
∗ the role of resident led growth in the Night-Time Economy (including new residents with
higher disposal income).
∗ The marketing and branding of the Night-Time Economy offer.
∗ The need for cultural magnets such as venues, events and attractions in the evening.
∗ The use of the Night-Time Economy as a driver of community cohesion and a source of
∗ Understanding how to attract both local and national entrepreneurs and removing
barriers or confusion around investment.
6.4. Taking an active stance in shaping the form of different town centres development
will help entrepreneurs to understand what kind of businesses would fit well.
Additionally profiling the demographics of different areas and targeting one-off
Council funded events would increase footfall and make the area much more
attractive to retailers. This could be linked with the Cultural Olympiad. This is
discussed further in Workstream 7.
6.5. FINDING: The Commission believes that a co-ordinated approach to the
development of Newham’s town centres and their day-time and night-time offer is
vital. Thriving town centres play a big role in shaping neighbourhoods and are
essential in developing the sustainable mixed communities in Newham that were
outlined in the Mayor’s document “Newham’s Vision for Delivering Mixed
6.6. RECOMMENDATION 1: That a detailed strategy be developed for each town centre
and that this is disseminated by the use of implementation plans for each town
centre. These implementation plans should be regularly updated and take into
account the role of local partners and stakeholders (such as Thames Gateway).
They should also link to the Local Development Framework. Town Centre
Managers should work closely with Public Realm and Crime and Anti-Social
Behaviour, for example, to ensure that issues can be resolved quickly and
effectively. They should work closely with the Business Development Team. Links
with local councillors and local representatives are also important in light of the
need to reflect local opinion. The use of innovative consultation techniques should
also be considered.
6.7. The Greater London Authority draft guidance “Managing the Night Time Economy”
found that ‘In areas where the night time economy is seen as a potential tool to lever the
regeneration of a town centre, it may be that the ongoing management questions will be
best addressed in the local regeneration partnership.’
6.8. Town Centre Management
Another aspect of the town centre strategy is day to day operational management. This is
led by onsite town centre managers who are responsible for one or two town centres.
Issues such as the creation of a quality environment, such as shop front branding, paving
and lighting and public lavatory and parking provision would be covered. Other areas of
operational management include the development of new business and the support of
inward investment by developing a profile or brand. Some of these areas would, of
course require liaison with service areas across the Council and relationships between the
town centre managers and, for example, area managers in public realm should be
encouraged. Feedback from the Lead Community Member within each Community
Forum area will also be of great value in this operational management.
6.9. A separate arrangement would be in place for Stratford City as this is a very large new
development. The Council would provide infrastructure and accommodation in order to
encourage business to move in within the Stratford City Shopping Complex, but day to
day management and waste removal would be undertaken by the management company
6.10. FINDING: The Commission finds that there is value in measures to make town
centres feel secure and accessible. Measures such as lighting, parking should be
considered with the Night-Time Economy in mind as well as daylight hours use.
7. Workstream 2: Planning and the Night-Time Economy
Summary of Evidence:
• Development should be restricted to town centres as much as possible
• Planning documents such as the Unitary Development Plan and Local
Development Framework “shape” the form of the town centres and can specify
what areas of land are classified as (e.g. industry, leisure) as well as individual
buildings (e.g. restaurant, retail)
• Planning can affect the mix of uses: daytime & night-time and so the character
of an area
• Planning cannot retrospectively alter permissions. It is only at the time of
granting planning permission for a development or change of use that planning
can influence the make up of an area.
• Several buildings such as the Swan pub in Stratford and the Burnell Arms pub
in East Ham North have changed use (to a bookmakers and a Hindu temple
respectively). Pubs may not be currently considered viable but could be viable
in the future.
• Designation of an Entertainment Management Zone (within the Unitary
Development Plan and subsequently the Local Development Framework) is a
pro-active measure requiring the management and co-ordination of Planning,
Licensing, Policing, Transport and Public Realm issues in an area which is
anticipated to become a popular Night-Time Economy destination.
7.1. Planning plays an important role in shaping the nature of town centres by both day and
night. Members heard that in recent years the planning of the Night-Time Economy had
started to be perceived as more important than previously. This was because a well
planned Night-Time Economy could greatly benefit an area through revitalising it,
stimulating regeneration, encouraging community cohesiveness (as it is a place for
different kinds of people to socialise) and creating a distinctive sense of place. Members
learnt that planning policy sought to control the location of night-time uses, the intensity of
night-time uses and the mix of night-time uses.
7.2. Planning policy documents such as the Unitary Development Plan and its replacement the
Local Development Framework set out the borough’s vision for different parts of the
borough. This is important in guiding the development of areas as well as communicating
the Council’s ambitions for different areas to potential investors. Classification of
premises can also affect the mix of property use on a street. The Commission therefore
received a presentation covering planning issues for the Night-Time Economy from a
Planner and a Principal Planner from Forward Planning and Transportation.
7.3. On the Commission’s visit to the London Borough of Hackney we heard that planning
could be used to control the cumulative impacts of property uses and saturation (where
there were a lot of one type of use). This was identified as an issue within some parts of
Shoreditch in Hackney where there were only bars and other night-time venues, lessening
the amenity value for residents. The optimum for planning was to have a mix of business
use within an area, both daytime and night-time and both retail, service industry, business
and residential use.
7.4. The Commission learnt that in Newham several buildings such as the Swan public house
in Stratford and the Burnell Arms public house in East Ham North have changed use (to a
bookmakers and a Hindu temple respectively). Public houses may not be currently
considered viable but could be viable in the future.
RECOMMENDATION 2: That the Development Control Manual (to be part of the Local
Development Framework) contains policies which restrict the loss of pubs, restaurants
and other entertainment venues. This would preserve amenity value for residents by
maintaining an effective mix of residential and day and night-time leisure and retail uses.
The Development Control Manual should also include policies regarding the need for
larger venues, as well as those of more modest size. Family occasions such as weddings
and events such as concerts may require the preservation, or creation, of larger venues
within Newham. Additionally policies should aim to restrict the growth of A5 use (hot
takeaway use is currently promoted under policy SH20 in the Unitary Development Plan) in
light of the perceived high number of such outlets and their associated health and litter
implications. The Council’s Community Well-Being power could be of possible use in
supporting this policy.
7.6. Policy Framework
The Commission learnt that planning decisions around the development of the Night-Time
Economy were guided by a policy framework which operated at three levels. The first of
these was national (Planning Policy Statement 6 - Retail and Town Centres (2005)). This
recommended that the local planning authority should prepare policies to manage the
Night-Time Economy. Additionally these policies should aim to diversify uses, encourage
complementary uses and to appeal to a wide range of age and social groups. There
should be the appropriate provision of leisure, tourism and cultural uses.
7.7. The second level of the policy framework was local guidance in the form of The London
Plan. Members were interested to find out that this considered town centres as the most
appropriate location for the Night-Time Economy. The importance of creative industries
alongside bars and restaurants was emphasised within the plan. It was also possible to
designate areas as cultural quarters or entertainment management zones.
7.8. The third level of the policy framework was that set out by the Local Authority. Newham
has a Unitary Development Plan which was formulated in 2001. The only section
pertaining to the Night-time Economy is Policy SH2- which refers to encouraging the
development of Stratford City's Night-time Economy. It was now being replaced with the
Local Development Framework.
7.9. Location of the Night-Time Economy
Members heard that, just as they had heard for the Town Centre workstream, it was
considered that town centres were the best location for night-time uses as they had better
transport links and were more accessible, with a supporting infrastructure. This included
CCTV cameras and existing town centre police patrols.
7.10. The Commission noted that East Ham, Stratford and Green Street are Newham's busiest
town centres and so are most likely to develop a thriving night-time economy.
7.11. A sense of purpose
Members learnt that a Night-Time Economy in Newham faces a lot of competition from
others in both East London and further afield. Having a detailed and outcome focused
Town Centre Vision and an overall strategy for the night-time economy would ensure that
the night-time "offer" in each town centre is sufficiently distinct from that of other areas.
This will mean that there are a variety of options for night-time activity which should meet
the needs of all residents. For example, Green Street's current Night-Time Economy was
mainly based on restaurants and should have a mix of businesses which appeal to a
wider audience. Canning Town was currently undergoing mass redevelopment and it was
important that the businesses which developed there were different to those in Canary
Wharf (so that they appealed to a different audience, rather than competing for the same
7.11. RECOMMENDATION 3: The Commission is of the view that the development
of a core policy regarding the Night-Time Economy within the Local
Development Framework is vital to the delivery of the Council's Vision. The
development of a Night-Time Economy will make Newham a more attractive
place to live and work as well as drawing in investment and enterprise and
creating jobs. A clearly expressed, outcome focused, core policy will attract
businesses who want to contribute to the regeneration of the area through
the development of the Night-Time Economy, so encouraging a diverse mix
of offerings which should appeal to the whole community.
Suggested wording is “The Council will encourage the development of the
Night-Time Economy in the Borough. The Council will support the
development of night-time uses in existing town centres. Any proposals
should comply with all other relevant planning policies.”
7.12. RECOMMENDATION 4: Officers should undertake an audit of those council-
owned and public-sector owned buildings and sites which are not in use and
which could contribute to regeneration. It is, however, acknowledged that
not all such properties will be suitable for night-time uses. The audit should
be undertaken with a view to bringing these properties back into use or
redeveloping them. This will increase the number of properties available for
possible Night-Time Economy uses and should also improve a sense of
safety as abandoned buildings can attract anti-social behaviour. The Council
should look at innovative ways to drive this, using the Community Well-
Being power. The Commission notes the planned establishment of the
Newham Development Trust and welcomes this.
7.13. FINDING: The Commission is of the view that each town centre should have a
diverse economy offering a variety of shops and venues for both daytime and
night-time use as appropriate. These should be appropriate for the residents and
visitors of each area (both in scale and type of provision). Further, the Commission
is of the view that the vibrancy of the day and night time economies is dependent
on a mixture of uses for town centre premises.
7.14. Classification of Premises
As well as the overall vision for the borough, Planning also control the individual nature of
streets by classifying different buildings for specific uses. Members learnt that the use of
premises was classed into A1- shops, A2- financial and professional services, A3-
restaurants and cafes, A4- drinking establishments and A5- hot food and take away. The
mix of different uses of premises gives an area character, whereas if all premises in an
area were used for drinking establishments, for example, (A4) then this would mean that
the area appealed only to a limited type of visitor.
7.15. Members learnt that some changes of use required planning permission, but some did not
(see table below).
Permitted changes between classes of use
A1 – Shop No Permitted Change (without planning permission)
A2 – Financial & Professional A1 Shop (where premises had a display window at
Services ground level)
A3 – Restaurants & Cafes A1 or A2
A4 – Drinking Establishments A1, A2 or A3
A5 - Hot Food Takeaways A1, A2 or A3
7.16. The Local Planning Authority can also refuse an application for either a change in the use
of a premise or a new development, should it be deemed that it would have a significant
negative impact on the surrounding area. This might include the loss of residential
amenity, problems with traffic and congestion, parking and a loss of retail diversity.
Planning can also choose to exclude certain types of development from areas (for
example only retailers and cafes selling non-alcoholic drinks could be allowed to operate
within a certain area.
7.17. Planning Conditions
Not only does Planning need to ensure that there is an appropriately mixed offering in
each area but the risk of conflict between different groups of people needs to be
minimised. This was highlighted during the Commission’s visit to Hackney where
Members heard that mixed use developments could cause conflict to arise (for example a
restaurant on the ground floor could cause disturbance to residents who live above).
Another form of control that the Local Planning Authority could exert was the imposing of
planning conditions on a Planning Approval. This means that development could only go
ahead if the criteria set out in the conditions are met. These might include time limits on
opening hours or requirements to minimise noise or environmental impacts. Sufficient
enforcement activity was needed to make sure that developers abide by these conditions.
7.17. FINDING: Members heard that the London Borough of Hackney had experienced
problems with Shoreditch during its early development. This was because of the
issue of planning and licensing conditions not always being clearly defined and
worded and the risk of shift and non-compliance. Wording had to be very specific,
for example, not just demanding that alcohol sales are ancillary to food sales, but
also specifying that, for example, 70% of floor space must be covered with tables
A key point was the separation of Planning (land use permission) and Licensing
(operations) in the applicant’s proposal. Hackney now includes a clause in their
licensing condition which requires the applicant to demonstrate that “you have
planning permission for the use that you are applying to have a licence for”.
7.19. Members learnt that the draft Greater London Authority guidance for Managing the Night-
Time Economy states that “Pro-active planning and design of late night eating, drinking
and entertainment venues can prevent nuisance to established and prospective noise-
sensitive uses, notably housing. This may include locating venues where users can
access transport most quickly, and where effective acoustic screening or separation from
existing or planned housing can be achieved.” Similarly we were provided with an
example of planning conditions used by Manchester City Council for Night-time Economy
applications. The following conditions were routinely attached to planning permissions for
new food and drink uses:
* The provision of acoustic glazing
* The provision of acoustically treated ventilation
* The installation of an acoustic lobby at entrances and exits to act as a physical barrier
between the inside and the outside environment.
* The installation of sound limiters
* Prohibition of the external playing of amplified music
* Restriction of the hours of operation of outside drinking areas
* Establishment of maximum noise levels.
7.20. Best Practice
The commission learnt that other authorities had successfully developed their night-time
economies. London Borough of Camden, London Borough of Hackney, Sheffield City
Council, Manchester City Council and Portsmouth City Council were some of those areas.
We also learnt that Portsmouth City Council had regenerated an area which had been an
old dockside. The Gun Wharf Quay was a mixed use are offering facilities for people of all
ages such as night clubs, bars, restaurants, a cinema and a shopping centre. This had
stimulated the Night-Time Economy where none previously existed.
7.21. FINDING: The Commission identified that some investors may be deterred from
setting up businesses in Newham because of the existence, or perception, of local
government regulations and conditions. We believe that there may be value in
considering deregulation and facilitation in order to stimulate development and to
attract investors. The Commission notes that there is a Regeneration initiative to
attract investors in Green Street. Officers should report back on the success of this
initiative and how this option might be used in one or more of our town centres.
7.22. Developing policy for Newham
It was suggested that a set of standard planning conditions should be established to
attach to night-time uses. To develop these, Planning must work with other sections within
the Council, for example, Regeneration and Licensing to ensure that development is in
line with town centre strategies. This would ensure that development progresses in a co-
ordinated and positive way towards the desired outcome (a thriving and diverse night-time
economy). A pro-active stance would promote the development of the night-time economy
in a way that suits the needs of both visitors and residents in Newham.
7.23. FINDING: Research carried out for the Commission identified a number of
entertainment venues (such as the Swan pub in Stratford and the Burnell Arms in
East Ham) which had had a change of use. This resulted in the loss of
entertainment venues for now, but also in the future. The Commission learnt that
the Council cannot “ring fence” properties that it does not own. The Commission
learnt that some local authorities have a policy to ensure that a suitable range of
community facilities was maintained to meet local needs. The Commission finds
that this may be a useful way to protect the community’s requirements against the
overdevelopment of an area.
7.24. FINDING: The establishment of an Entertainment Management Zone in areas likely
to soon develop an Night-Time Economy, is a pro-active step to ensure the co-
ordinated management of future service requirements. The Commission believes
that it may be of value for the Local Development Framework to contain designated
Entertainment Management Zones in potential “hot spots” such as Stratford.
7.25. Maintaining relationships between businesses and residents
− This might include the separation of residential buildings and entertainment venues by
other buildings (such as a café open in the daytime only) or a retail outlet so that
residents are not unduly disturbed by the business activity at night time.
− Additionally the Council should consider the need to maintain a mixed tenure and
mixed development area and think of strategies for controlling some rents so that
locals are not priced out of the area.
7.26. Strict planning and enforcement and a clear mixed use strategy will be needed to:-
a) ensure that both daytime and night-time economies can co-exist;
b) that increased demand for residential property does not drive out existing businesses;
c) businesses stick to both the planning and licensing conditions for their operation.
8. Workstream 3 Licensing and the Night-Time Economy
Summary of Evidence:
• Newham has a flexible licensing policy and this is applied by the Licensing
committee. If an applicant feels that the policy has been applied incorrectly, it is
possible to appeal.
• Newham has an active Pub Watch group and licensees have a broadly positive
relationship with the police and other enforcement authorities
• Licensing and Planning can work in co-ordination (as in Hackney) to shape the
nature and operation of Night-Time Economy businesses
• The new licensing laws meant that licences were held indefinitely. They could
be revoked if any one of the four key licensing objectives were breached and this
breach were upheld. There was a scaled approach to penalties for a breach of
8.1. The new Licensing Act (2003) allowed not only the much publicised possibility of 24 hour
opening, but also streamlined alcohol, public entertainment, cinemas, theatres, late night
refreshment house and night cafe licensing regimes into one. We noted that, contrary to
the fears of many commentators at the time, the Licensing Act had not had any great
impact on the opening hours of venues, either nationally or in Newham. The Commission
was interested to find out how Licensing was applied within Newham and any issues
which related to the Night-Time Economy. We received a presentation from the Strategic
Manager, Public Protection who stated that under the Licensing Act 2003 the Council had
a duty to promote four key licensing objectives. These were the prevention of Crime and
Disorder, Public Safety, Prevention of Public Nuisance and Protection of Children from
8.2. Newham had had a duty to focus on these matters by controlling licences, premises and
places used, vicinity of those premises and places and direct impact of activities of
8.3. Principles of Licensing
The Commission learnt that the regulatory main duties and responsibilities in the Act were
around control. Newham’s Licensing policy recognised the need to balance the rights of
businesses to trade and residents to enjoy a reasonable quality of life. We understood that
the Licensing and Planning processes must be separate stages of an integrated process.
8.4. Greater London Authority draft guidance on the Night-Time Economy indicates that
Planning Policy Statement 6 states,” “Local authorities should ensure there is an
integrated approach to the evening and night time economy, so that their planning policies
and proposals take account of and complement their Statement of Licensing Policy”.”
8.5. Licensing Activity and Enforcement
If licensing conditions were breached the Licensing Section would rely on other services
and members of the public to make a complaint, to bring it to their attention. When this
happened, the Licensing Section would carry out enforcement activity. All complaints had
to be investigated, examples would include reports of noise or underage selling. Premises
were regularly visited and test purchases made to check that they were complying with
the law, for example, not selling to underage drinkers. Licenses must be reviewed when
breaches of the license or law had occurred.
8.6. The Licensing team work closely with other partners such as police, fire brigade,
children’s services, health and safety, trading standards, planning and the local residents.
The children’s services, in particular, were required to identify any licensed premises
which could be a risk to children. This could often result in a suspension of the license to
the premises or even prosecution. Licensing also worked with other authorities to ensure
that licensees complied with the law
8.7. The Commission learnt that hearings required evidence such as relevant representations,
reviews and how these related to the four licensing objectives. Responsible parties such
as the Police, Children Services and applicants were able to address the Licensing
Committee at hearings. Other evidence could come from interested parties, witnesses
and video evidence.
8.8. The Strategic Manager from Public Protection discussed the possibility of establishing a
Development Forum consisting of the following interested services: -
• Culture and Community
8.9. This would allow a co-ordinated approach to the planning, development and management
of our town centres- promoting the regeneration of the area. It would also mean that
business people had one clearly identified forum to approach when they wanted to know
about investment opportunities in the borough. The prior identification of areas which
could be developed by private firms would also expedite this process.
8.10. The forum would generally promote the 2012 Vision. More specifically work could also
focus on the minimisation of Anti-Social Behaviour, and to look for innovative solutions for
our town centres. With the Olympics forthcoming visitor numbers could be expected to
rise sharply and a clear, ambitious focus, and perhaps an alternative offer to neighbouring
boroughs, could have a beneficial effect.
8.11. RECOMMENDATION 5: The Commission found that there is value in strengthening
the links between Licensing, Planning and Regeneration, Policing and Public
Realm. The designation of Entertainment Management Zones in the Local
Development Framework as appropriate and further development of a politically co-
ordinated approach to the development of the Night-Time Economy would allow the
Council to positively influence the development of Newham’s town centres.
8.12. Temporary event licensing
The Commission discussed the value of a co-ordinating role for events within Newham.
One person would act as a contact point for events within the Council. They would
maintain a list of all forthcoming events licensed to occur and inform interested parties
such as Public Realm and the Police that the events are happening so that provision
could be made to deal with them.
8.13. The Head of Constabulary and Response stated that a more structured approach for the
arrangement and management of big events in Newham was currently being examined.
This would mean that the Police and Council, as well as the Anti-Social Behaviour team,
would work together to crack down on any sort of violence and anti-social behaviours.
This would result in more effective enforcement, making events safer.
At the last event a joint approach was taken and there were five arrests. This contrasts to
previous levels of around 40 - 50. The Commission noted that pro-active event
management reduces the potential for trouble and allows it to be dealt with effectively if it
9. Workstream 4 Management of the Night-Time Economy
Summary of Evidence (Public Realm):
• Public Realm aspects relating to Night-Time Economy include transport and
parking provision, lighting, public lavatories, litter removal and rubbish
• Parking on residential streets can increase noise nuisance for residents (car
doors slamming etc.)
• The possibility of lifting red-route restrictions at night in order to provide
convenient centralised parking was raised.
• Most rubbish collection and street sweeping is undertaken between 7am and
3pm- standard working hours. These will soon change under the move to
single status. A lively Night-Time Economy would require these hours of
service provision to change in order to cater for the additional rubbish and
litter generated during the evening and night.
• The maintenance of an attractive street scene may require the allocation of
timed ‘slots’ for household and business waste collection. This would
minimise rubbish left out on the street causing an obstacle and looking
unpleasant. Hackney currently require this in areas with a busy Night-Time
• Public conveniences in Newham are generally sited for the convenience of
daytime users. Areas of need during the night may be different. Additionally
the issue of safety is more salient. At the moment public urination is an issue
around Stratford and also around West Ham football ground on match days.
The London Boroughs of Westminster, Hammersmith and Fulham and Hackney
use portable street urinals in their ‘wet spots’.
9.1. The Commission wished to understand the possible impact of a more developed Night-
Time Economy on the day to day lives of residents. The two areas that we focused on
were Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour and the Public Realm. This was because two of
Newham's six corporate aims are that Newham will be a place “which is safe and where
people feel safer” and that it “will be a place which is attractive, clean and well
maintained'. It is important that any development of the Night-Time Economy does not
impede either of these aims being achieved and that, if possible, it promotes these aims.
9.2. The impact of a developed Night-Time Economy on Public Realm provision in
The Commission heard from the Operational Executive Advisor, Public Realm and the
Head of Public Realm on the impact of a lively Night-Time Economy.
9.3. The Commission noted that existing services were in place to deliver the night-time
economy but that there would be some service reallocation necessary for the relevant
services which were:
Trade and Domestic Waste
Traffic and Transport
The Council have a 7am - 3pm working pattern, so most staff are only present during
these hours. On weekends and in the evenings very few staff currently work. This current
working pattern would not be appropriate if the Night-Time Economy develops in size and
popularity. The Commission heard that core hours are likely to change soon, with the
introduction of the Single Status pay scale. It will then allow the working day for staff to
vary dependent on the needs of the local area. Similarly vehicle provision and support
should also extend their hours of work. Another issue is the nature of cleansing work. In
the day time most staff work alone but this may not be practicable during the evenings
because of safety issues. Additionally automated cleaning may be easier in the dark than
9.5. FINDING: Most rubbish collection and street sweeping is undertaken between 7am
and 3pm- standard working hours. A lively Night-Time Economy would require
these hours of service provision to change in order to cater for the additional
rubbish and litter generated during the evening and night, without incurring
9.6. Domestic and trade waste
Residents living above shops needed special provision as they did not have storage
facilities for rubbish, so had to leave it outside on the street which can be unsightly for
evening visitors. An additional issue is that some businesses used alternative waste
collectors and these collectors may not co-ordinate with the Council schedule.
9.7. FINDING: The maintenance of an attractive street scene for evening use may
require the allocation of timed ‘slots’ for household and business waste collection.
This would minimise rubbish left out on the street causing an obstacle and looking
unpleasant. Hackney currently require this in areas with a busy Night-Time
9.8. Transport and Traffic
People tend to drive into town centres rather than use public transport. The Council
encouraged drivers to park in car parks where cars would be safe rather than parking in
residential streets, where noise such as car door slamming could put Night-Time
Economy visitors in conflict with residents. Cars parked in Stratford car park for a full day
can cost up to £17 but only £1 for the whole night. Newham has good public transport
links, and this was recognised by interviewees in the research undertaken for the
Commission. We found that safety issues and lighting may need to be considered for car
park users and those using public transport interchanges in order to encourage their use.
9.9. FINDING: Car parks and public transport interchanges should be considered with
regard to safety and accessibility.
9.10. Public Conveniences
Public toilets have to be put into place and must be safe, accessible, and easy to find
during both daytime and evenings.
9.10. FINDING: Public conveniences in Newham are generally sited for the convenience
of daytime users. Night time areas of need may be different. Additionally the issue
of safety is more salient. At the moment public urination is an issue around
Stratford and also around West Ham football ground on match days. The London
Boroughs of Westminster, Hammersmith and Fulham and Hackney use portable
street urinals in their ‘wet spots’. It is suggested that there may be value in trialling
these in Stratford at the weekend and West Ham football ground on match days to
reduce street soiling.
9.11. Street Lighting
Street lighting can improve a feeling of security and also reduce the ‘cover’ for crime. If
Newham’s Night-Time Economy develops and attracts more people then it may be
necessary to consider the lighting within the borough in order to maintain a perception and
reality of safety in the borough.
9.12. FINDING: Good street lighting should improve a sense of safety at night and there
may be value in an audit of present provision.
Summary Of Evidence (Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour)
• The Newham Household Panel Survey found that 45% of residents felt a bit, or
very, unsafe walking in Newham after dark
• Nationwide there is a strong link between alcohol consumption and ASB,
especially amongst younger people “It has been estimated that 40% of violent
crime; 78% of assaults and 88% of criminal damage cases are committed while
the offender is under the influence of alcohol. Although there is no simple
causal relationship, alcohol is often consumed by offenders and victims prior
to the offence being committed.” Government’s Crime Reduction Toolkit
• There is therefore a desire to avoid the development of a large scale drinking
culture catering to 18-35 year olds within Newham
• A lively Night-Time Economy will require a readjustment of the hours of service
operation and delivery for service areas such as Public Realm, Crime And Anti-
Social Behaviour, transport and policing. An Entertainment Management Zone
designation may help to co-ordinate this. An “Entertainment Management Zone
concept, which is primarily based on integrated action by the range of different
authorities and agencies involved in dealing with the impacts of the night time
economy. These include local authority planning, licensing, trading standards
and environmental services departments, town centre management
partnerships or agencies (including Business Improvement Districts), the
police and emergency services, crime reduction partnerships and transport
providers.” Greater London Authority draft guidance Night-Time Economy.
• In Newham most reports of Anti-Social Behaviour between 10pm and 6am are
linked to noise nuisance. Any development of the Night-Time Economy should
try to minimise additional noise nuisance.
• The Commission were informed that the London Health Survey recorded that
Newham had the lowest number of binge drinkers in London.
9.14. The impact of a developed Night-Time Economy on Crime and Anti-Social
Behaviour in Newham
We received a presentation on the impact of a lively Night-Time Economy on Crime and
Anti-Social Behaviour in Newham from the Head of Constabulary and Response.
9.15. Current levels of Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour within Newham at night
We were provided with information from the Flare system, which is used to monitor Crime
And Anti-Social Behaviour occurrences. The Commission learnt that, between 10pm and
6am, the pattern of Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour reports often mirrored night bus
routes and the location of larger pubs.
9.16. FINDING: The Newham Household Panel Survey found that Newham is perceived
not to be a particularly safe place at night (45% of respondents felt a bit, or very,
unsafe walking in the area after dark)
9.17. The Commission also noted that there were 2,565 reports across the borough within the
last year relating to noise, representing the vast majority of Crime And Anti-Social
Behaviour reports received. The noise disturbances were dealt with by Environmental
9.18. RECOMMENDATION 6: In Newham most reports of Anti-Social Behaviour between
10pm and 6am are linked to noise nuisance. Any development of the Night-Time
Economy should seek to minimise additional noise nuisance. Through imposing
Licensing conditions and ensuring as far as possible the potential for noise
nuisance is minimised (e.g. good sound insulation and sensible location of Night-
Time Economy venues in relation to residential buildings). In order to avoid
conflict future residential developments should be considered in light of the nature
of nearby businesses- existing venues may produce noise in the course of their
9.19. There were also 231 reports relating to youth misbehaviour, however this is one of the
Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour problems with the lowest number of reports. The number
of Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour reports declined as the night went on.
9.20. Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour in Newham in the future
The Commission heard it is very likely that in the future Newham would become busier
especially in the evenings. It will have entertainment, places to eat and possibly 24 hours
bars and pubs. This will require pro-active policing and enforcement to ensure that levels
of Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour are kept to a minimum and that people feel safe.
9.21. FINDING: Taxi marshalling, whereby nightclubs are encouraged to put up their own
temporary taxi ranks may be of use in areas with a busier Night-Time Economy
such as Stratford and should certainly be considered as it grows. Reducing time
waiting on the street would reduce the potential for litter and Anti-Social Behaviour.
9.22. FINDING : Businesses with clientele with specific needs, for example bars catering
for the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender market, may require additional
security and support from the Council. This may be from the Crime and Anti-Social
Behaviour Service in particular in order to allow the businesses to flourish without
fear of discrimination or intimidation.
9.23. RECOMMENDATION 7: Enforcement should send out a ‘message’ about Newham’s
expectations of residents and visitors. The Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour
Service and Police are working together to combat street crime and anti-social
behaviour such as littering. The Commission welcomes the fact that Public Realm
and the Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour Service were beginning to work together
in enforcing littering fines. The Commission strongly encourages and supports this
collaboration and would recommend that it be continued and developed. In light of
the Deputy Chief Executive’s review of all enforcement activity, the Commission
recommends that all available enforcement powers are explored and used.
Technology such as the Personal Digital Assistants used by traffic wardens may be
useful. Good enforcement would improve attitudes towards the area and encourage
an atmosphere of responsibility and respect.
9.24. FINDING: A lively Night-Time Economy will require a readjustment of the hours of
service operation and delivery (Westminster and some parts of Hackney have a 24/7
service model) for service areas such as Public Realm, Crime and Anti-Social
Behaviour, transport and policing. An Entertainment Management Zone
designation may help to co-ordinate this.
“The “Entertainment Management Zone concept, which is primarily based on integrated
action by the range of different authorities and agencies involved in dealing with the
impacts of the night time economy. These include local authority planning, licensing,
trading standards and environmental services departments, town centre management
partnerships or agencies (including Business Improvement Districts), the police and
emergency services, crime reduction partnerships and transport providers.” Greater
London Authority Draft Guidance on the Night-Time Economy.
9.25. The nature of the Night-Time Economy and its relationship with Crime and Anti-
The very nature of the Night-Time Economy that develops in Newham will also have an
impact on the level of Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour that occurs. The Head of
Constabulary and Response identified 18-25 year old drinkers as key perpetrators of
Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour. It may be of worth to consider how to contain these
Night-Time Economy visitors and how to create an Night-Time Economy which will have
broad appeal and attract other groups in to dilute the effect of younger drinkers and which
would promote social cohesion. The Commission heard that much Crime and Anti-Social
Behaviour was linked to alcohol intake and so there would be value in emphasising other
kinds of Night-Time Economy development.
9.26. This would also be more culturally appropriate for those Newham residents who choose to
abstain from alcohol. The “fear of alcohol related violence or intimidation may well mean
that large numbers of people avoid city centres on weekend evenings.” Government’s
Crime Reduction Toolkit. “It has been estimated that 40% of violent crime; 78%
of assaults and 88% of criminal damage cases are committed while the offender is under
the influence of alcohol. Although there is no simple causal relationship, alcohol is often
consumed by offenders and victims prior to the offence being committed.” Government’s
Crime Reduction Toolkit.
10. Workstream 5 Employment, Education and Entrepreneurship in
Summary of Evidence
• Employment Vision: To develop Newham into a borough where residents can
be independent through employment
• The Night-Time Economy could potentially increase the number of employers
and businesses in the area.
• Workplace is a new ‘one stop shop’ allowing employees and employers to be
matched up. It is supported by NRF funding and Regeneration.
• Local businesses spend earnings locally (New Economics Foundation call this
the “multiplier effect”, whereas money spent with a multinational is likely to
leave the borough and take the financial benefit elsewhere).
• Ethnic minority self-employment (setting up a business is a popular means of
wealth creation amongst ethnic minorities. 10% white working population self-
employed, 16% ethnic minority working population self-employed, DTI 2002)
• Business support (through Workplace) including an innovative new leaflet
highlighting services on offer sent out with business rates information.
10.1. The Commission were interested to find out how a thriving Night-Time Economy could
bring financial benefits and local prosperity to the area. The Access to Jobs Officer,
Regeneration was invited to explain the work of the Employment and Enterprise Local
Action Partnership Board.
10.2. Current work of the Employment and Enterprise Local Action Partnership
We heard that the Employment and Enterprise Local Action Partnership Board’s
employment strategy had the stated vision “to develop Newham into a borough where
residents can be independent through employment”. Members learnt that the objectives
within the employment strategy were: “to raise the employability of local people and to get
them jobs”, “to raise the aspiration levels of local people”, “to raise income levels” and “to
meet employers’ needs”.
10.3. The Employment and Enterprise Local Action Partnership Board aimed to be employer led
in their service delivery, that is they offered training which would meet employers’ stated
needs. The Commission heard that a new employment and entrepreneurship one stop
shop was being established. Similar schemes have been in operation in neighbouring
boroughs such as “Skillsmatch” in Tower Hamlets. The Newham scheme was called
“Workplace” and aimed to ease the entry into work for all residents, especially those who
were unemployed or under-employed. Support packages for employees were aimed at
placing and maintaining them in jobs that they were able to do. Employers would be
encouraged to use the Workplace service by the provision of services such as screening
and matching applicants and carrying out reference and right to work checks. Specialised
training could also be provided for large numbers of staff (this could be either for one large
employer or for many employers who are looking for similar staff skills). After similar
training for the Galleons Reach Development, retention rates for placed staff were double
the national average at 80%.
Entrepreneurs would be helped by the business support offered by the Business Support
team, the East London Business Centre and Workplace. Such support would focus on
skills development and ongoing help and guidance on setting up, running and financing a
business. The opportunity to tender for local Council, and the Five Olympic Boroughs’,
contracts would also be explained and local businesses supported in the bidding process.
10.5. The Government operates a scheme whereby councils are rewarded for business growth
and the subsequent business rates increase. A percentage of the increased business
rates is given back to councils as part of the Local Area Business Growth Incentive
scheme. This year Newham received £1,016,524. The Commission understands that
2007/2008 is the last year for this scheme’s operation and that it is to be replaced as part
of the Lyons Report (due in April 2007). Whilst the nature of the replacement scheme is
not yet understood, the Commission believes that one option for consideration is that a
proportion of any incentive received could be redirected from the General Fund to
promote further business growth. Specifically it could be used to further develop our small
business support, the Business Support and Information webpage and to make our town
centres appealing to businesses.
10.6. The Commission is aware of a 2007 survey carried out by the London Councils’ Group
looking at how London authorities in receipt of Local Area Business Growth Incentive
money distributed it. They found that, of the 14 boroughs participating in the survey, half
used their Local Area Business Growth Incentive funding to directly support economic
development activity, although some only directed a proportion of this money to such
activity. Economic development activity supported included funding for town centre
management and development, funding economic development and regeneration work,
supporting an enterprise zone and supporting local enterprise projects and local
10.7. FINDING: The Commission welcomes the success of the Council in creating an
environment in which businesses are able to grow and succeed. We note that local
businesses are wealth generators for the area as money spent with them tends to
be redistributed locally. Further the Commission notes that there may be an
opportunity to direct some, or all, of the Local Area Business Growth Incentive
Scheme and its future replacement to Business Support in Regeneration in order to
encourage greater business growth, creating a virtuous circle.
10.8. RECOMMENDATION 8: The Commission is keen for Night-Time Economy
businesses in Newham to be provided both by big chain brands and also by local
entrepreneurs. We endorse the establishment of the Business Support and
Information webpage and its facilities such as the “property search” function-
which is a database of Council and commercially owned properties. We recommend
further that this service be promoted through leafleting and promotional events
such as “open days”. Not only existing businesses but also potential entrepreneurs
should be targeted in order to draw investment into the borough. Links with the
London East Business Centre and with Workplace should also be strengthened.
10.9. Jobs and businesses in a thriving Night-Time Economy
The commission heard that the development of the Night-Time Economy in Newham
would result in an increase in the number of employment opportunities. These would
predominantly be in the leisure and entertainment (theatres/cinema/casino), customer
services, security and hospitality (cafés/restaurants/ hotels). A key goal for the
Employment and Enterprise Local Action Partnership Board was that locals were given
the support and skills development required to allow them to secure higher level jobs,
rather than just performing unskilled work. In order for the businesses creating these jobs
to thrive, support would be needed from the Local Authority (Planning, Public Realm
(cleansing, refuse collection), Licensing, Town Centre Management, Culture, Tourism),
the Police, the Health Service and for good transportation provision.
10.10. The Access to Jobs Team will be able to organise and broker arrangements in order to
ensure that residents and businesses are able to take advantage of forthcoming
opportunities within the Night-Time Economy. Key areas for focus include the need for
industry specific language training for those who have English as a second language.
10.11. FINDING: The Commission commends the work of the Business Support
unit and the Employment and Enterprise Local Action Partnership Board and
believes that the establishment of Workplace will be very useful in
promoting successful employment in Newham and in helping the growth of
local businesses, including those catering for the Night-Time Economy.
11. Workstream 6 The Commission’s visit to Hackney: the Shoreditch
The Commission visited colleagues at Hackney to hear about their experience with the
development of Shoreditch as an Night-Time Economy destination. We learnt that
Shoreditch’s regeneration had been boosted and its profile raised by the development of
an Night-Time Economy. We were informed by Hackney Members that market forces
generally result in alcohol and gambling being the most popular forms of Night-Time
Economy entertainment. Restaurants (unless very high end), theatres and cinemas are
not so profitable. We heard that Shoreditch had developed into an alcohol based leisure
experience and that this raised several challenges.
11.1. Key challenges raised by a lively Night-Time Economy were identified as:
∗ Co-operation with statutory partners
∗ Conflict between residents and commercial premises and their users
Crime, Litter and Co-operation with statutory partners are all linked to hours of service
− Planning policy in Shoreditch required double glazing, sound reduction measures such
as keeping windows shut and buffering bars from residential properties with retail
− Ambient street noise created by revellers can put residents and businesses and their
users in conflict. The closing times of various venues are staggered which can
increase street noise. The new anti-smoking legislation will force smokers out onto
the street which will create more street noise.
− Street drinking produced by “off-sales” are also controlled. Licensing conditions now
contain a guidance note preventing bars from using outside space as an extension of
their premises. If they break this condition then their licence is up for review.
− Mixed use buildings can also result in conflict as restaurants on the ground floor of
buildings can annoy residents who live above.
− Shoreditch has a high rate of crime. This includes thefts but also more serious crimes
such as Actual Bodily Harm and Grevious Bodily Harm.
− The peak hours for crime vary by location: 12-5pm in Hackney Central but in
Shoreditch (10pm-2am) this puts a strain on enforcement activity.
− An alcohol disorder zone has been created, putting a charge on those areas with
alcohol disruption problems.
− Some club promoters attract criminals, including those linked to drugs and guns.
11.3. Litter and public realm
− Cleaning has to be during night time hours or in the early morning so that late night
detritus does not impact on residents the next morning. An example is that Hoxton
Square is very densely littered at 4am, but clean again before 9am.
− Hackney has a clear-all strategy, but this results in commercial waste being collected
without charge. Strategies to identify the source of waste generation are going ahead
− Planning conditions require waste storage, including empty bottles, to be kept inside.
This needs to be enforced as otherwise pavements are cluttered with 1,100 litre
11.4. Co-operation with statutory partners
− Enforcement of grafitti, flyposting and littering laws were all identified as important.
− The Council liaises closely with police to try to pro-actively manage crowd-control and
alcohol disorder issues.
− The ambulance service plans to establish a field hospital in Shoreditch to reduce call
− The Local Service Partnership (Team Hackney) are adopting a consistent
enforcement regime (licensing, planning) and are publicising all Anti-Social Behaviour
Orders and Acceptable Behaviour Contracts.
− Police now have the power to close problem venues under the powers of Police, Clubs
11.5. Conflict between residents and commercial premises and their users
− There is a regular meeting of representatives from resident and commercial groups,
which is chaired by the Council and tries to mediate between the two interest groups.
− The police, town centre management or wardens work to control anti-social behaviour.
− Pubwatch and the Licensed Traders Group in Hackney primarily lobby against the
Special Policy Area.
− Bars have been so profitable and successful that they have driven out much of the
daytime economy in the area. Members heard that it is important to maintain a
mixture of shops, restaurants and bars.
− Reducing problems such as people leaving clubs urinating in the streets. This is being
combated by temporary urinals that are installed by Transport for London in the
evening and collected the next morning.
11.6. The Commission heard that the development of Shoreditch had been a very much
organic, market force led, process which had not been led or even supported by the
Council at the time. The Shoreditch triangle contains 25% of all Hackney’s licensed
premises. These are generally small independently owned operations, rather than chains.
11.7. New legislation has not really changed the face of Night-Time Economy in Shoreditch.
Shoreditch’s Night-Time Economy is very much dependent on the leisure market. It is
much livelier as the weekend approaches. Days of peak activity are Friday- Sunday for
restaurants and Thursday- Sunday for drinking establishments.
11.8. Shoreditch has been designated a Special Policy Area to control the problems caused by
the large crowds of people who go out and drink in Shoreditch. This designation is only
possible in the face of an existing problem. A more pro-active approach is the
identification of an Entertainment Management Zone where special measures are put into
place to prevent problems emerging.
11.9. We learnt that the regeneration of Shoreditch has been boosted and its profile raised by
its development of a Night-Time Economy. Regeneration has also been boosted by the
residential redevelopment that took place but this has also caused a process of
gentrification that brings its own problems with it. Another linked problem is that
established bars may find that new residents are able to successfully restrict their
operation, this could cause legal problems for the Council as they permitted the new
residential development to arise.
12. Workstream 7: The Alternative Night-Time Economy - Uniquely
Summary of Evidence
• Part of the 2012 legacy work
• Way of promoting social inclusiveness
• Non-alcoholic nightlife results in less Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour
• Keeps youths off the street and positively occupied
• Promotes “busy” feel later at night, improving perceptions of safety
12.1. “Diversifying the night time economy is identified as an important issue in the Mayor [of
London] ’s Culture Strategy. The strategy acknowledges that many of London’s citizens
are excluded from and poorly represented within late night entertainment areas.“ Greater
London Authority Draft Guidance Night-Time Economy.
12.2. The Commission understands the importance of social cohesion in an area as diverse as
Newham, especially with the regeneration development which will attract new kinds of
residents. Research undertaken for the Commission by London East Research Institute
identified that a thriving Night-Time Economy produces the benefit of population group mix
and a forum for different kinds of residents to meet and socialise, promoting a sense of
12.3. The Commission notes that, in order to be inclusive, the Night-Time Economy in Newham
needs to offer more than simply “large branded drinking warehouses”. It is suggested that
Newham would benefit from providing alternative Night-Time Economy provision such as
cinemas, theatres, late night gym, library and shop opening, youth centres and late night
cafés. The recently announced opening of Birkbeck College’s Stratford annex will also
increase the number of people around in Newham in the evenings, and will also form
another part of the Night-Time Economy.
12.4. Since it has been noted in Workstream 4 that late night Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour
is generally linked to alcohol consumption, then a more culturally focused Night-Time
Economy should have significantly less impact on residents’ quality of life than would an
alcohol based one. Additionally, if more people feel welcome to participate in the Night-
Time Economy, for example attending a late night gym session and then going to the
library and on for a coffee, then areas will feel busier. Generally people feel safer in busy
places compared to deserted ones. This will increase perceptions of safety. So too will
the reduction of people “hanging around”. If youth centre provision forms part of the
Night-Time Economy strategy alongside cinemas, bowling alleys and cafés, then young
people will be purposefully occupied and so will be less likely to cause disturbance and
Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour through boredom.
12.5. FINDING: A busy Night-Time Economy which is socially inclusive should reduce
Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour. This may be particularly relevant in the case of
young people .
12.6. RECOMMENDATION 9: that the Town Centre strategy be developed to shape the
Night-Time Economy within each town centre in Newham. This should promote a
diverse Night-Time Economy which benefits the residents’ quality of life. This
should link with the recommendations for independent town centre plans for each
part of Newham (Workstream 2) and for a business friendly resource to promote
Newham’s vision for each town centre and to be accessible to investors
12.7. The Commission was also interested in culture as a driver of regeneration and the Night-
Time Economy. We invited representatives from the 2012 unit to discuss this and also
discussed this with our colleagues in Hackney. Members noted that Shoreditch’s Night-
Time Economy had begun as a non-alcohol focused, cultural centre, with bohemian
values. As often happens, however, the Night-Time Economy became established and
was taken over by bars and clubs as these venues offer a higher income than cultural
venues (a bar can just be a empty room for persons to consume alcohol, as opposed to a
restaurant or coffee shop/poetry/art venue).
12.8. We noted that the International Olympic Committee Charter required the organisation of “a
programme of cultural events”. The Commission considered that the creative momentum
for such events to be successful would greatly benefit from an indigenous creative
industry. Members discussed the need to attract cultural industries to Newham and
considered that planning provision could be made for these areas.
12.9. Additionally research carried out for the Commission by LERI and discussions with
Members from the London Borough of Hackney identified the possibility of creating “buzz”
and increasing footfall through a more targeted provision of events and festivals which are
co-ordinated with the Night-Time Economy strategy. These would also increase
inclusiveness as they are provided without charge, allowing all residents to take part.
12.10. FINDING: Culture can spur the development of a thriving Night-Time Economy and
the regeneration of an area. Cultural events can act as an introduction to the area,
attracting visitors and increasing a sense of belonging.
12.11. FINDING: The Commission recognises that Newham already has a successful
cultural programme of festivals and events. These activities create a “buzz” and
increase footfall to attract visitors and then businesses. It is suggested that the
Town Centre Manager co-ordinates with the lead officer on events in order to
ensure that these events are able to fit with the individual area’s strategy and also
that they are planned ahead to allow the good management of resources. These
would be a way of marketing Newham to outsiders. Such events could include
themed festivals, live street music and open air cinema events. (Bollywood festival
near Boleyn cinema, live street music and cinema screening near Excel).
12.12. The Commission recognises that venues selling alcohol are the biggest income
generators within the Night-Time Economy and that take-away food providers also thrive.
In order to ensure that a diverse mix of both day and night time shops and service
providers exist within each area, it is proposed that Planning and Licensing co-ordinate to
ensure that the number of alcoholic venues are limited and that take-away premises do
not proliferate in one place as this can cause gathering of crowds late at night and
possibly increase the risk of Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour. Consistent enforcement
and the regular consideration of a saturation policy should form part of the Entertainment
Management Zone strategy. Different areas within Newham will have Night-Time
Economies which are more or less alcohol focused to suit local needs. This should be
considered not only in the context of demand, but also with the consideration of residents’
quality of life.
12.13. RECOMMENDATION 10: that steps are taken to ensure that the development of a
purely alcohol based Night-Time Economy is limited. Planning and Licensing
conditions for both new and existing premises should continue to be regular and
consistent, and enforced.
• A meeting of Newham Pubwatch at the Railway Tavern, Angel Lane, Stratford.
• East Ham High Street North after 6pm
• Shoreditch- a chance to visit a thriving Night-Time Economy and to discuss lessons
learnt with Members and Officers
Research carried out by London East Research Institute (UEL) for the Commission
Terms of reference
NTE- activity after 6pm (divides up into evening (pre-9pm) and night)
Background information and documents
CAMRA- Public House Viability Test 2004
CAMRA- Saving Your Local Pub 2004
Civic Trust / Westminster City Council: Snapshots of the Evening Economy
Crime Reduction Toolkit
DTI Engaging Ethnic Enterprise Conference, 2002
Greater London Authority Night Time Economy Best Practice Draft
New Economics Foundation, 2005
Newham Development Trust
Newham Household Panel Survey, Wave 4, Corporate Research Unit, LBN.
Newham Voluntary Sector Consortium
Public Convenience Planning, Chartered Institute of Building Service Provision meeting
Urilift (pop-up lavatories)
APPENDIX 1 – ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Scrutiny Commission Members
Councillor Marie Collier (Chair of the Commission)
Councillor Ayub Korom Ali (Deputy Chair of the Commission)
Councillor Jonathan Knott
Councillor Paul Schafer
Councillor Denise Stafford
Councillor Simon Tucker
Scrutiny Commission Support Officers
Satbinder Sanghera, Head of Overview and Scrutiny
Jonathan Shaw, Deputy Head of Overview and Scrutiny
Rob Flynn, Scrutiny Manager
Nasim Patel, Acting Scrutiny Manager,
Kuldip Dhaliwal, Principal Scrutiny Support Officer
Amber Soni, Research/ Policy Officer
Sharon Goddard, Secretary
Osman Khan, Administrative Assistant
Newham Councillors who attended Commission meeting
Cllr. Alec Kellaway, Operational Executive Adviser, Business Partnerships and Skills
Cllr. June Leitch, Operational Executive Adviser, Public Realm
Newham Council Officers who gave evidence
Margaret Almond, Access to Jobs Co-ordinator, Regeneration & Development
Deirdra Armsby, Principal Planner, Regeneration & Development
Ian Butcher, Planner, Regeneration and Development
Shirley Clark, Head of Public Realm
Judith Comrie, Access to Jobs Officer, Regeneration & Development
Mike Heraty, Regeneration Manager, Regeneration & Development
Laurence Knott, Town Centre Strategy Manager, Regeneration & Development
Steve Miller, Strategic Manager, Public Protection, Housing and Public Protection
Paul Morris, Head of Constabulary and Response, Crime & Anti-Social Behaviour
Anna Reade, Tourism & Visitors Legacy Advisor, Newham 2012
Sheila Roberts, Service Unit Manager, Licensing
Louise Venn, Arts and Culture Legacy Advisor, Newham 2012
Benjamin Woods, Senior Regeneration Officer, Business Development
Other assistance to the Scrutiny Commission
Sgt. Alan Allwood, Licensing Officer, Metropolitan Police, Newham
Janet Dooner, Landlady of Railway Tavern, Angel Lane, Stratford
Researchers from the London East Research Institute, University of East London
Councillor Christine Boyd (Labour)
Councillor Afolasade Bright (Labour)
Councillor Barry Buitekant (Labour)
Councillor Philip Glanville (Labour)
Councillor Alan Laing (Labour)
Councillor Clayeon McKenzie (Labour)
Councillor Jonathan McShane (Labour)
Councillor Carole Williams (Labour)
Alan Hawes, Interim Head of Building Control and Licensing
APPENDIX 2 – PROGRAMME OF WORK
NIGHT TIME ECONOMY WORK PROGRAMME
WORKSTREAM MEETING WHAT INFORMATION HOW GET THIS? WHO GAVE
1. TOWN 19 Sept 06 ∗ Emerging Town Centre ∗ Report outlining ∗ Regeneration
CENTRE Management Strategy Strategy (as ∗ OSU
MANAGEMENT (aspects relevant to NTE) relevant to NTE)
∗ Results of Regeneration ∗ Report giving
study (e.g. transport, results of study
∗ Best Practice for NTE town
2. PLANNING 17 Oct 06 ∗ Provisions made in UDP/ ∗ Report outlining ∗ Planning
LDF for NTE planning relevant provision ∗ OSU
∗ The planning stance on in UDP/ LDF and
the NTE indicating
∗ The role of planning in Planning’s stance
regeneration on NTE.
∗ Best practice in planning ∗ Planning to
for NTE (e.g. type of indicate a best
development etc.) practice example
∗ How planning provision for NTE planning
can positively influence the for regeneration.
night time economy.
3. CASE 6pm Walk around East Ham and look at the evening ∗ Community
STUDIES 21 Nov 06 economy. What happens after 6pm when shops shut. Police
Escorted by Community Support Officers ∗ OSU
4. LICENSING 21 Nov 06 ∗ Provisions made in the ∗ Report outlining ∗ Licensing unit
Licensing Policy for the the key aspects of (Sheila
NTE the licensing policy Roberts)
∗ Cross-working between as it stands and ∗ Pubwatch
Licensing, Planning and the work of the ∗ Police
∗ What conditions would committee.
help to generate a Pr⎯cis of
sustainable and licensing process
appropriate night time ∗ Evidence from
economy. Pubwatch and the
5. 23 Jan 07 ∗ Impact of NTE on ∗ Papers on ∗ Public Realm
MANAGEMENT ∗ Policing requirements potential impact ∗ Crime & ASB
OF THE NIGHT- ∗ Street Scene ∗ & officers to attend unit
TIME ECONOMY ∗ Crime & ASB for questioning
6. FACT 8 Feb 07 ∗ A chance to meet LB Hackney Members and ∗ Community
FINDING VISIT Officers who can give a perspective on how Police
TO Shoreditch came to have a thriving NTE and who ∗ Hackney
SHOREDITCH can share any lessons learnt ∗ OSU
7. THE 20 Feb 07 ∗ The role of Culture in ∗ Paper/ ∗ 2012 unit
ALTERNATIVE Regeneration presentation on officers
NTE ∗ How the NTE can link with potential crossover ∗ Employment
the 2012 Cultural Agenda with 2012 Cultural Enterprise
and and Legacy Olympiad Local
∗ The work of the ∗ Paper/presentation Partnership
EDUCATION Employment and on possible Board
AND Enterprise Local “alternative” NTE ∗ UEL
EMPLOYMENT Partnership Board and its provision and best researchers
future strategy practice in this ∗ OSU
And ∗ The types of jobs which field
may be created by a ∗ A paper on current
RESULTS OF thriving NTE and future work
RESEARCH ∗ Training through work- opportunities and
CARRIED OUT provision of local estimated job gain
FOR THE education providers from NTE
COMMISSION ∗ What NTE provision is ∗ Paper on local in-
appropriate for Newham job training
∗ How can the NTE be wider provision & best
than just drinking/ eating practice
venues ∗ Paper on what