NSSE 2007 by winstongamso

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									                   University of Cincinnati




Mean Comparisons
August 2007
                                                                                           Interpreting the Mean Comparisons Report

Sample                                                                                                                                               Statistical Significance
The Mean Comparisons report is based on information from all randomly selected students                                                              Items with mean differences that are larger than would be expected by chance
for both your institution and your comparison institutions. Targeted oversamples and other                                                           alone are noted with one, two, or three asterisks, referring to three significance
non-randomly selected students are not included in this report.                                                                                      levels (p<.05, p< .01, and p<.001). The smaller the significance level, the
                                                                                                                                                     smaller the likelihood that the difference is due to chance. Statistical
Variables
                                                                                                                                                     significance does not guarantee the result is substantive or important. Large
The items from the NSSE survey appear in the left column in the same order and wording as
                                                                                                                                                     sample sizes (like those produced by NSSE) tend to generate more statistically
they appear on the instrument. The name of each variable appears in the second column for
                                                                                                                                                     significant results even though the magnitude of mean differences may be
easy reference to your data file and the summary statistics at the end of this section. Response
                                                                                                                                                     inconsequential. It is recommended to consult effect sizes (see below) to judge
options are also provided to help you interpret the statistics.
                                                                                                                                                     the practical meaning of the results.
Benchmark
Items that comprise the five “Benchmarks of Effective
Educational Practice” are indicated by the following:                                                                                                                                                                                                      Effect Size
LAC=Level of Academic                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Effect size indicates the
Challenge                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  “practical significance” of
                                                                                                                                                         NSSE 2007 Mean Comparisons
ACL=Active and                                                                                                                                           NSSEville State University                                                                        the mean difference. It is
Collaborative Learning                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     calculated by dividing the
                                                                                                                                                                                     NSSEville State compared with:
SFI=Student-Faculty                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        mean difference by the
                                                                                                                           NSSEville State            Selected Peers                       Carnegie Peers                    NSSE 2007
Interaction                                                                                   Variable
                                                                                                         Bench-
                                                                                                          mark    Class            Mean
                                                                                                                                          a
                                                                                                                                                     Mean
                                                                                                                                                            a
                                                                                                                                                                Sig
                                                                                                                                                                      b
                                                                                                                                                                          Effect
                                                                                                                                                                          Size
                                                                                                                                                                                 c
                                                                                                                                                                                           Mean
                                                                                                                                                                                                  a
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Sig
                                                                                                                                                                                                            b
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Effect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Size
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       c
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Mean
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Sig
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            b
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Effect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Size
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       c
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           standard deviation of the
EEE=Enriching Educational 1. Academic and Intellectual Experiences                                                        In your experience at your institution during the current school year, about how often have you done each of                     group with which the
                                                                                                                          the following? 1=never, 2=sometimes, 3=often, 4=very often

Experiences                          Asked questions in class or contributed to class                             FY               2.94              2.76       ***       .22              2.88                 .07        2.78       ***       .19
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           institution is being
                                  a.                                                        CLQUEST      ACL
                                     discussions                                                                  SR               3.28              3.08       ***       .24              3.20                 .10        3.06       ***       .26        compared. In practice, an
SCE=Supportive Campus
                                  b. Made a class presentation                              CLPRESEN     ACL
                                                                                                                  FY               2.27              2.24                 .04              2.34                 -.09       2.23                 .05        effect size of .2 is often
Environment                                                                                                       SR               2.82              2.77                 .07              2.87                 -.06       2.80                 .03
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           considered small, .5
                                               Prepared two or more drafts of a paper or                          FY               2.85              2.61       ***       .25              2.77                 .09        2.65       ***       .21
                                          c.                                                REWROPAP
Mean                                           assignment before turning it in                                    SR               2.45              2.43                 .02              2.58        *        -.14       2.49                 -.04       moderate, and .8 large. A
The mean is the weighted           Worked on a paper or project that required
                                                                                                                  FY               3.13              3.01       **        .15              3.05                 .11        3.03        *        .13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           positive sign indicates that
                                d. integrating ideas or information from                 INTEGRAT
arithmetic average of student      various sources                                                                SR               3.26              3.31                 -.07             3.32                 -.08       3.30                 -.05       your institution's mean was
responses on a particular item. e. Included diverse perspectives (different races,
                                   religions, genders, political beliefs, etc.) in class DIVCLASS                 FY               2.76              2.75                 .01              2.71                 .06        2.76                 .00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           greater, thus showing an
Means are provided for your        discussions or writing assignments                                             SR               2.88              2.83                 .06              2.78                 .12        2.78                 .11        affirmative result for your
institution and all comparison  f.
                                   Come to class without completing readings or
                                                                                         CLUNPREP
                                                                                                                  FY               1.86              2.07       ***       -.28             1.93                 -.10       2.03       ***       -.23       institution. A negative sign
                                   assignments                                                                    SR               1.89              2.14       ***       -.32             1.98                 -.12       2.12       ***       -.30
groups. For more information                                                                                                                                                                                                                               indicates the institution
about weighting go to:                                                                                                        lags behind the comparison group, suggesting that the student behavior or institutional
www.nsse.iub.edu/2007_Institutional_Report/NSSE_2007_Weighting.cfm                                                            practice represented by the item may warrant attention. An exception to this interpretation
                                                                                                                              is the “coming to class unprepared” item (item 1f.) where a negative sign is preferred (i.e.,
Class                                                                                                                         meaning fewer students reporting coming to class unprepared).
Results are reported separately for first-year students (FY) and seniors (SR).
Institution-reported class ranks are used.
                                                                                                                                   NSSE 2007 Mean Comparisons
                                                                                                                                     University of Cincinnati
                                                                                                                                                                 U of Cincinnati compared with:


                                                                                                             U of Cincinnati               AAU Inst.                    Carnegie Peers                    Urban Inst.
                                                                                           Bench-                                                            Effect                          Effect                              Effect
                                                                                                                            a                  a         b          c          a         b          c          a         b              c
                                                                                Variable    mark    Class            Mean               Mean       Sig       Size       Mean       Sig       Size       Mean       Sig           Size

                                                                                                            In your experience at your institution during the current school year, about how often have you done each of
1.   Academic and Intellectual Experiences                                                                  the following? 1=never, 2=sometimes, 3=often, 4=very often
              Asked questions in class or contributed to class                                      FY               2.81               2.63       ***       .22        2.56       ***       .30        2.77                     .04
     a.                                                                       CLQUEST      ACL
              discussions                                                                           SR               3.09               2.85       ***       .27        2.84       ***       .28        3.03                     .06
                                                                                                    FY               2.28               2.04       ***       .32        2.03       ***       .32        2.23                     .05
     b.       Made a class presentation                                       CLPRESEN     ACL
                                                                                                    SR               2.73               2.59       ***       .16        2.59       ***       .16        2.71                     .02
              Prepared two or more drafts of a paper or                                             FY               2.85               2.44       ***       .42        2.46       ***       .40        2.75        *            .11
     c.                                                                       REWROPAP
              assignment before turning it in                                                       SR               2.43               2.26       ***       .18        2.32       **        .11        2.52        *            -.10
        Worked on a paper or project that required
     d. integrating ideas or information from                                 INTEGRAT              FY               3.19               2.93       ***       .33        2.91       ***       .35        3.09       **            .14
        various sources                                                                             SR               3.29               3.22        *        .09        3.21       **        .11        3.28                     .00
        Included diverse perspectives (different races,
     e. religions, genders, political beliefs, etc.) in class                 DIVCLASS              FY               2.74               2.71                 .03        2.69                 .06        2.87       ***           -.15
        discussions or writing assignments                                                          SR               2.65               2.71                 -.06       2.69                 -.04       2.89       ***           -.26
              Come to class without completing readings or                                          FY               1.98               2.09       ***       -.14       2.12       ***       -.19       1.99                     -.02
     f.                                                                       CLUNPREP
              assignments                                                                           SR               2.02               2.28       ***       -.33       2.27       ***       -.31       2.06                     -.05
              Worked with other students on projects during                                         FY               2.47               2.37       **        .11        2.34       ***       .15        2.47                     .00
     g.                                                                       CLASSGRP     ACL
              class                                                                                 SR               2.49               2.41        *        .08        2.42                 .08        2.56                     -.08
              Worked with classmates outside of class to                                            FY               2.43               2.43                 .00        2.43                 -.01       2.20       ***           .26
     h.                                                                        OCCGRP      ACL
              prepare class assignments                                                             SR               2.73               2.80                 -.08       2.81        *        -.09       2.59       ***           .15
              Put together ideas or concepts from different
     i.       courses when completing assignments or during                   INTIDEAS              FY               2.56               2.58                 -.02       2.55                 .02        2.59                     -.03
              class discussions                                                                     SR               2.90               2.88                 .02        2.90                 .00        2.88                     .03
              Tutored or taught other students                                                      FY               1.66               1.73        *        -.08       1.75        *        -.11       1.61                     .06
     j.                                                                        TUTOR       ACL
              (paid or voluntary)                                                                   SR               1.81               1.90        *        -.10       1.91       **        -.10       1.77                     .04
              Participated in a community-based project (e.g.                                       FY               1.46               1.47                 -.01       1.47                 -.01       1.42                     .05
     k.                                                                       COMMPROJ     ACL
              service learning) as part of a regular course                                         SR               1.59               1.59                 .00        1.59                 -.01       1.65                     -.08

          a
            Weighted by gender, enrollment status, and institutional size.
          b
            * p<.05 ** p<.01 *** p<.001 (2-tailed).
          c
            Mean difference divided by comparison group standard deviation.                                                                                                                                                  1
                                                                                                                       NSSE 2007 Mean Comparisons
                                                                                                                         University of Cincinnati
                                                                                                                                                   U of Cincinnati compared with:


                                                                                                       U of Cincinnati       AAU Inst.                    Carnegie Peers                    Urban Inst.
                                                                                      Bench-                                                   Effect                          Effect                              Effect
                                                                                                                   a             a         b          c          a         b          c          a         b              c
                                                                           Variable    mark    Class        Mean          Mean       Sig       Size       Mean       Sig       Size       Mean       Sig           Size

         Used an electronic medium (listserv, chat group,
l.       Internet, instant messaging, etc.) to discuss or                ITACADEM     EEE      FY           2.58          2.70       **        -.12       2.68        *        -.09       2.58                     .00
         complete an assignment                                                                SR           3.04          2.85       ***       .19        2.84       ***       .19        2.83       ***           .20
                                                                                               FY           3.15          3.08        *        .09        3.04       ***       .15        3.01       ***           .17
m.       Used e-mail to communicate with an instructor                    EMAIL
                                                                                               SR           3.45          3.35       **        .13        3.33       ***       .16        3.27       ***           .23
                                                                                               FY           2.57          2.45       **        .14        2.45       ***       .14        2.55                     .02
n.       Discussed grades or assignments with an instructor              FACGRADE      SFI
                                                                                               SR           2.78          2.65       ***       .15        2.68       **        .11        2.72                     .07
         Talked about career plans with a faculty member                                       FY           2.09          2.10                 -.01       2.09                 .01        2.08                     .02
o.                                                                       FACPLANS      SFI
         or advisor                                                                            SR           2.24          2.33        *        -.10       2.30                 -.07       2.23                     .01
         Discussed ideas from your readings or classes                                         FY           1.80          1.79                 .02        1.76                 .06        1.82                     -.02
p.                                                                       FACIDEAS      SFI
         with faculty members outside of class                                                 SR           1.99          1.99                 -.01       1.99                 .00        2.01                     -.03
         Received prompt written or oral feedback from                                         FY           2.61          2.52        *        .10        2.49       ***       .15        2.59                     .02
q.                                                                       FACFEED       SFI
         faculty on your academic performance                                                  SR           2.76          2.64       ***       .15        2.64       ***       .15        2.73                     .04
         Worked harder than you thought you could to meet                                      FY           2.62          2.51       **        .13        2.51       **        .14        2.60                     .02
r.                                                                       WORKHARD     LAC
         an instructor's standards or expectations                                             SR           2.63          2.54       **        .11        2.56        *        .08        2.67                     -.04
   Worked with faculty members on activities other
s. than coursework (committees, orientation, student                     FACOTHER      SFI     FY           1.49          1.54                 -.06       1.51                 -.03       1.48                     .01
   life activities, etc.)                                                                      SR           1.71          1.76                 -.05       1.75                 -.04       1.65                     .07
   Discussed ideas from your readings or classes with
t. others outside of class (students, family members,                    OOCIDEAS     ACL      FY           2.65          2.66                 -.01       2.63                 .02        2.64                     .01
   co-workers, etc.)                                                                           SR           2.75          2.79                 -.05       2.80                 -.06       2.82        *            -.09
   Had serious conversations with students of a                                                FY           2.56          2.64                 -.08       2.62                 -.06       2.61                     -.04
u.                                                                       DIVRSTUD     EEE
   different race or ethnicity than your own                                                   SR           2.51          2.74       ***       -.24       2.72       ***       -.22       2.72       ***           -.22
         Had serious conversations with students who are
v.       very different from you in terms of their religious             DIFFSTU2     EEE      FY           2.66          2.78       **        -.12       2.75                 -.09       2.65                     .01
         beliefs, political opinions, or personal values                                       SR           2.60          2.81       ***       -.23       2.79       ***       -.21       2.67                     -.07



     a
       Weighted by gender, enrollment status, and institutional size.
     b
       * p<.05 ** p<.01 *** p<.001 (2-tailed).
     c
       Mean difference divided by comparison group standard deviation.                                                                                                                                         2
                                                                                                                                 NSSE 2007 Mean Comparisons
                                                                                                                                   University of Cincinnati
                                                                                                                                                               U of Cincinnati compared with:


                                                                                                            U of Cincinnati              AAU Inst.                    Carnegie Peers                    Urban Inst.
                                                                                          Bench-                                                           Effect                          Effect                              Effect
                                                                                                                           a                 a         b          c          a         b          c          a         b              c
                                                                               Variable    mark    Class            Mean              Mean       Sig       Size       Mean       Sig       Size       Mean       Sig           Size

                                                                                                           During the current school year, how much has your coursework emphasized the following mental activities?
2.   Mental Activities                                                                                     1=very little, 2=some, 3=quite a bit, 4=very much
        Memorizing facts, ideas, or methods from your
     a. courses and readings so you can repeat them in                        MEMORIZE             FY               2.88              2.90                 -.02       2.90                 -.03       2.87                     .02
        pretty much the same form                                                                  SR               2.71              2.78                 -.08       2.76                 -.05       2.73                     -.02
        Analyzing the basic elements of an idea,
        experience, or theory, such as examining a
     b.                                                                       ANALYZE     LAC
        particular case or situation in depth and considering                                      FY               3.08              3.13                 -.07       3.09                 -.02       3.08                     .00
        its components                                                                             SR               3.28              3.24                 .06        3.22        *        .08        3.23                     .06
        Synthesizing and organizing ideas, information, or
     c. experiences into new, more complex interpretations                    SYNTHESZ    LAC      FY               2.84              2.89                 -.07       2.85                 -.01       2.85                     -.01
        and relationships                                                                          SR               3.06              3.02                 .05        3.00                 .07        3.03                     .04
        Making judgments about the value of information,
        arguments, or methods, such as examining how
     d.                                                                       EVALUATE    LAC
        others gathered and interpreted data and assessing                                         FY               2.84              2.79                 .07        2.78                 .08        2.87                     -.03
        the soundness of their conclusions                                                         SR               3.04              2.91       ***       .15        2.90       ***       .15        2.95        *            .10
              Applying theories or concepts to practical                                           FY               3.07              3.06                 .01        3.03                 .05        2.99        *            .09
     e.                                                                       APPLYING    LAC
              problems or in new situations                                                        SR               3.26              3.16       **        .12        3.15       **        .13        3.13       ***           .15
                                                                                                           During the current school year, about how much reading and writing have you done?
3.   Reading and Writing                                                                                   1=none, 2=1-4, 3=5-10, 4=11-20, 5=more than 20
              Number of assigned textbooks, books, or                                              FY               3.20              3.36       ***       -.17       3.23                 -.03       3.17                     .04
     a.                                                                       READASGN    LAC
              book-length packs of course readings                                                 SR               3.09              3.23       ***       -.14       3.14                 -.05       3.14                     -.06
              Number of books read on your own (not assigned)                                      FY               1.98              2.00                 -.02       1.99                 -.01       2.08        *            -.11
     b.                                                                       READOWN
              for personal enjoyment or academic enrichment                                        SR               2.14              2.20                 -.05       2.19                 -.04       2.22        *            -.08
              Number of written papers or reports of 20 pages or                                   FY               1.28              1.22                 .10        1.20        *        .14        1.25                     .04
     c.                                                                       WRITEMOR    LAC
              more                                                                                 SR               1.59              1.59                 .00        1.58                 .01        1.61                     -.02
              Number of written papers or reports between 5                                        FY               2.45              2.28       ***       .22        2.17       ***       .35        2.29       ***           .19
     d.                                                                       WRITEMID    LAC
              and 19 pages                                                                         SR               2.54              2.60                 -.06       2.52                 .02        2.57                     -.02
              Number of written papers or reports of fewer than                                    FY               2.92              3.06       **        -.13       2.95                 -.03       2.96                     -.04
     e.                                                                       WRITESML    LAC
              5 pages                                                                              SR               3.05              3.06                 .00        3.00                 .05        2.88       ***           .16
          a
            Weighted by gender, enrollment status, and institutional size.
          b
            * p<.05 ** p<.01 *** p<.001 (2-tailed).
          c
            Mean difference divided by comparison group standard deviation.                                                                                                                                                3
                                                                                                                                 NSSE 2007 Mean Comparisons
                                                                                                                                    University of Cincinnati
                                                                                                                                                                  U of Cincinnati compared with:


                                                                                                            U of Cincinnati                 AAU Inst.                    Carnegie Peers                    Urban Inst.
                                                                                          Bench-                                                              Effect                          Effect                              Effect
                                                                                                                           a                    a         b          c          a         b          c          a         b              c
                                                                               Variable    mark    Class            Mean              Mean          Sig       Size       Mean       Sig       Size       Mean       Sig           Size

                                                                                                           In a typical week, how many homework problem sets do you complete?
4.   Problem Sets                                                                                          1=none, 2=1-2, 3=3-4, 4=5-6, 5=more than 6
              Number of problem sets that take you more than an                                    FY               2.60              2.67                    -.06       2.68                 -.07       2.62                     -.02
     a.                                                                       PROBSETA
              hour to complete                                                                     SR               2.66              2.44          ***       .18        2.53       **        .11        2.63                     .02
              Number of problem sets that take you less than an                                    FY               2.68              2.63                    .04        2.66                 .02        2.67                     .00
     b.                                                                       PROBSETB
              hour to complete                                                                     SR               2.40              2.13          ***       .24        2.19       ***       .19        2.28        *            .10
5.   Examinations                                                                                          1=very little to 7=very much
        Mark the box that best represents the extent to
        which your examinations during the current school                      EXAMS               FY               5.40              5.53           *        -.11       5.51        *        -.09       5.33                     .06
        year challenged you to do your best work.                                                  SR               5.36              5.26           *        .08        5.30                 .05        5.40                     -.03
                                                                                                           During the current school year, about how often have you done each of the following?
6.   Additional Collegiate Experiences                                                                     1=never, 2=sometimes, 3=often, 4=very often
              Attended an art exhibit, play, dance, music, theatre                                 FY               1.96              2.17          ***       -.25       2.14       ***       -.21       2.02                     -.06
     a.                                                                       ATDART07
              or other performance                                                                 SR               1.99              2.15          ***       -.18       2.09       **        -.11       2.00                     -.01
              Exercised or participated in physical fitness                                        FY               2.72              2.88          ***       -.17       2.88       ***       -.16       2.49       ***           .22
     b.                                                                       EXRCSE05
              activities                                                                           SR               2.66              2.83          ***       -.18       2.80       ***       -.14       2.47       ***           .18
        Participated in activities to enhance your                                                 FY               1.95              1.96                    -.01       2.06        *        -.10       1.87                     .08
     c.                                                                       WORSHP05
        spirituality (worship, meditation, prayer, etc.)                                           SR               1.97              1.95                    .02        2.06        *        -.08       1.94                     .03
        Examined the strengths and weaknesses of your                                              FY               2.48              2.55                    -.08       2.56        *        -.09       2.51                     -.02
     d.                                                                       OWNVIEW
        own views on a topic or issue                                                              SR               2.61              2.67                    -.08       2.68        *        -.08       2.64                     -.04
        Tried to better understand someone else's views by
     e. imagining how an issue looks from his or her                          OTHRVIEW             FY               2.64              2.71                    -.08       2.70                 -.07       2.73        *            -.10
        perspective                                                                                SR               2.72              2.82          **        -.12       2.81       **        -.11       2.81       **            -.11
        Learned something that changed the way you                                                 FY               2.72              2.80          *         -.10       2.78                 -.07       2.78                     -.07
     f.                                                                       CHNGVIEW
        understand an issue or concept                                                             SR               2.79              2.86          *         -.08       2.85                 -.07       2.86                     -.08
                                                                                                           Which of the following have you done or do you plan to do before you graduate from your institution?
                                                                                                           (Recoded: 0=have not decided, do not plan to do, plan to do; 1=done. Thus, the mean is the proportion
7.   Enriching Educational Experiences                                                                     responding "done" among all valid respondents.)
              Practicum, internship, field experience, co-op                                       FY                .06                  .07                 -.03       .07                  -.03       .08                      -.07
     a.                                                                       INTERN04    EEE
              experience, or clinical assignment                                                   SR                .66                  .60       **        .12        .57        ***       .19        .44        ***           .44
          a
            Weighted by gender, enrollment status, and institutional size.
          b
            * p<.05 ** p<.01 *** p<.001 (2-tailed).
          c
            Mean difference divided by comparison group standard deviation.                                                                                                                                                   4
                                                                                                                                  NSSE 2007 Mean Comparisons
                                                                                                                                     University of Cincinnati
                                                                                                                                                                 U of Cincinnati compared with:


                                                                                                            U of Cincinnati                AAU Inst.                    Carnegie Peers                    Urban Inst.
                                                                                          Bench-                                                             Effect                          Effect                              Effect
                                                                                                                            a                  a         b          c          a         b          c          a         b              c
                                                                               Variable    mark    Class             Mean               Mean       Sig       Size       Mean       Sig       Size       Mean       Sig           Size

                                                                                                   FY                 .43               .38         *        .10        .40                  .07        .30        ***           .28
     b.       Community service or volunteer work                             VOLNTR04    EEE
                                                                                                   SR                 .61               .64                  -.07       .63                  -.05       .48        ***           .27
        Participate in a learning community or some other
     c. formal program where groups of students take two                      LRNCOM04    EEE      FY                 .37               .22        ***       .35        .19        ***       .44        .14        ***           .67
        or more classes together                                                                   SR                 .33               .27        **        .13        .25        ***       .17        .21        ***           .29
              Work on a research project with a faculty member                                     FY                 .06               .06                  .02        .05                  .04        .04                      .09
     d.                                                                       RESRCH04     SFI
              outside of course or program requirements
                                                                                                   SR                 .21               .25         *        -.10       .23                  -.05       .14        ***           .20
                                                                                                   FY                 .24               .29         *        -.09       .26                  -.03       .21                      .09
     e.       Foreign language coursework                                     FORLNG04    EEE
                                                                                                   SR                 .39               .51        ***       -.24       .49        ***       -.20       .35                      .08
                                                                                                   FY                 .02               .03                  -.02       .02                  .00        .04         *            -.07
     f.       Study abroad                                                    STDABR04    EEE
                                                                                                   SR                 .11               .23        ***       -.27       .18        ***       -.17       .10                      .06
                                                                                                   FY                 .03               .02                  .07        .02                  .06        .04                      -.02
     g.       Independent study or self-designed major                        INDSTD04    EEE
                                                                                                   SR                 .14               .18        **        -.11       .16         *        -.08       .14                      -.02
              Culminating senior experience (capstone course,                                      FY                 .01               .01                  .02        .01                  .03        .01                      .01
     h.                                                                        SNRX04     EEE
              senior project or thesis, comprehensive exam, etc.)                                  SR                 .40               .29        ***       .26        .29        ***       .26        .30        ***           .22
                                                                                                           Mark the box that best represents the quality of your relationships with people at your institution.
8.   Quality of Relationships                                                                              1=unfriendly, unsupportive, sense of alienation to 7=friendly, supportive, sense of belonging
                                                                                                   FY                5.46               5.56                 -.08       5.52                 -.05       5.29       **            .12
     a.       Relationships with other students                                ENVSTU     SCE
                                                                                                   SR                5.59               5.55                 .03        5.54                 .04        5.39       ***           .14
                                                                                                           1=unavailable, unhelpful, unsympathetic to 7=available, helpful, sympathetic
                                                                                                   FY                5.00               4.95                 .04        4.94                 .05        5.09                     -.07
     b.       Relationships with faculty members                              ENVFAC      SCE
                                                                                                   SR                5.23               5.13                 .08        5.15                 .06        5.28                     -.04
                                                                                                           1=unhelpful, inconsiderate, rigid to 7=helpful, considerate, flexible
              Relationships with administrative personnel and                                      FY                4.49               4.49                 .00        4.50                 .00        4.43                     .04
     c.                                                                       ENVADM      SCE
              offices                                                                              SR                4.29               4.42                 -.08       4.40                 -.06       4.33                     -.02



          a
            Weighted by gender, enrollment status, and institutional size.
          b
            * p<.05 ** p<.01 *** p<.001 (2-tailed).
          c
            Mean difference divided by comparison group standard deviation.                                                                                                                                                  5
                                                                                                                                   NSSE 2007 Mean Comparisons
                                                                                                                                     University of Cincinnati
                                                                                                                                                                U of Cincinnati compared with:


                                                                                                             U of Cincinnati               AAU Inst.                    Carnegie Peers                    Urban Inst.
                                                                                           Bench-                                                           Effect                           Effect                              Effect
                                                                                                                            a                 a         b           c          a         b          c          a         b              c
                                                                                Variable    mark    Class            Mean              Mean       Sig        Size       Mean       Sig       Size       Mean       Sig           Size

                                                                                                            About how many hours do you spend in a typical 7-day week doing each of the following?
                                                                                                            1=0 hrs/wk, 2=1-5 hrs/wk, 3=6-10 hrs/wk, 4=11-15 hrs/wk, 5=16-20 hrs/wk, 6=21-25 hrs/wk, 7=26-30 hrs/wk,
9.    Time Usage                                                                                            8=more than 30 hrs/wk
         Preparing for class (studying, reading, writing,
      a. doing homework or lab work, analyzing data,                                                FY               4.01               4.40      ***       -.24        4.28       ***       -.16       3.77       **            .15
                                                                               ACADPR01    LAC
         rehearsing, and other academic activities)                                                 SR               4.28               4.24                 .02        4.23                 .03        4.00       ***           .16
                                                                                                    FY               1.40               1.62      ***       -.17        1.55       **        -.12       1.50        *            -.08
      b.       Working for pay on campus                                       WORKON01
                                                                                                    SR               1.51               2.14      ***       -.36        2.01       ***       -.29       1.62                     -.07
                                                                                                    FY               3.52               1.61      ***       1.33        1.87       ***       .93        3.37                     .06
      c.       Working for pay off campus                                      WORKOF01
                                                                                                    SR               4.60               2.83      ***        .76        3.16       ***       .57        4.65                     -.02
         Participating in co-curricular activities
         (organizations, campus publications, student
      d.
         government, fraternity or sorority, intercollegiate or                COCURR01    EEE      FY               1.98               2.40      ***       -.29        2.38       ***       -.27       1.77       ***           .16
         intramural sports, etc.)                                                                   SR               2.01               2.41      ***       -.25        2.27       ***       -.17       1.68       ***           .26
               Relaxing and socializing (watching TV,                                               FY               3.69               3.96      ***       -.17        3.88       **        -.11       3.68                     .00
      e.                                                                       SOCIAL05
               partying, etc.)                                                                      SR               3.46               3.79      ***       -.21        3.68       ***       -.14       3.33        *            .08
               Providing care for dependents living with you                                        FY               2.10               1.27      ***        .92        1.33       ***       .77        2.21                     -.06
      f.                                                                       CAREDE01
               (parents, children, spouse, etc.)                                                    SR               2.47               1.57      ***        .61        1.79       ***       .38        2.70        *            -.10
                                                                                                    FY               2.31               2.26                 .05        2.29                 .02        2.47       ***           -.14
      g.       Commuting to class (driving, walking, etc.)                     COMMUTE
                                                                                                    SR               2.29               2.37       *        -.09        2.38        *        -.10       2.64       ***           -.32
                                                                                                            To what extent does your institution emphasize each of the following?
10.   Institutional Environment                                                                             1=very little, 2=some, 3=quite a bit, 4=very much
               Spending significant amounts of time studying and                                    FY               3.10               3.14                -.05        3.12                 -.03       3.01       **            .12
      a.                                                                       ENVSCHOL    LAC
               on academic work                                                                     SR               3.07               3.07                 .00        3.06                 .00        3.03                     .04
               Providing the support you need to help you succeed                                   FY               2.85               3.00      ***       -.18        2.98       ***       -.16       2.91                     -.07
      b.                                                                       ENVSUPRT    SCE
               academically                                                                         SR               2.69               2.79      **        -.12        2.77        *        -.09       2.75                     -.07
               Encouraging contact among students from different                                    FY               2.52               2.70      ***       -.20        2.65       ***       -.15       2.62        *            -.11
      c.                                                                       ENVDIVRS    EEE
               economic, social, and racial or ethnic backgrounds                                   SR               2.25               2.45      ***       -.21        2.38       ***       -.13       2.51       ***           -.27

           a
             Weighted by gender, enrollment status, and institutional size.
           b
             * p<.05 ** p<.01 *** p<.001 (2-tailed).
           c
             Mean difference divided by comparison group standard deviation.                                                                                                                                                 6
                                                                                                                                    NSSE 2007 Mean Comparisons
                                                                                                                                       University of Cincinnati
                                                                                                                                                                  U of Cincinnati compared with:


                                                                                                              U of Cincinnati                AAU Inst.                   Carnegie Peers                    Urban Inst.
                                                                                            Bench-                                                            Effect                          Effect                              Effect
                                                                                                                              a                 a         b          c          a         b          c          a         b              c
                                                                                 Variable    mark    Class             Mean              Mean       Sig       Size       Mean       Sig       Size       Mean       Sig           Size

               Helping you cope with your non-academic                                               FY                1.95              2.08       ***       -.15       2.08       ***       -.15       2.07       **            -.13
      d.                                                                       ENVNACAD     SCE
               responsibilities (work, family, etc.)                                                 SR                1.64              1.83       ***       -.23       1.80       ***       -.19       1.84       ***           -.21
                                                                                                     FY                2.19              2.43       ***       -.27       2.41       ***       -.24       2.27                     -.08
      e.       Providing the support you need to thrive socially               ENVSOCAL     SCE
                                                                                                     SR                1.96              2.21       ***       -.28       2.15       ***       -.22       2.01                     -.06
         Attending campus events and activities (special
      f. speakers, cultural performances, athletic                             ENVEVENT              FY                2.46              2.88       ***       -.49       2.86       ***       -.46       2.52                     -.06
         events, etc.)                                                                               SR                2.19              2.76       ***       -.64       2.66       ***       -.51       2.36       ***           -.18
                                                                                                     FY                3.37              3.39                 -.03       3.38                 -.01       3.30                      .08
      g.       Using computers in academic work                                ENVCOMPT
                                                                                                     SR                3.56              3.52                  .05       3.51                  .07       3.43       ***            .18
                                                                                                             To what extent has your experience at this institution contributed to your knowledge, skills, and personal
                                                                                                             development in the following areas?
11.   Educational and Personal Growth                                                                        1=very little, 2=some, 3=quite a bit, 4=very much

                                                                                                     FY                3.04              3.17       ***       -.16       3.13        *        -.11       3.05                     .00
      a.       Acquiring a broad general education                             GNGENLED
                                                                                                     SR                3.01              3.24       ***       -.29       3.20       ***       -.24       3.16       ***           -.18
               Acquiring job or work-related knowledge                                               FY                2.79              2.74                 .06        2.73                 .07        2.62       ***           .18
      b.                                                                       GNWORK
               and skills                                                                            SR                3.15              2.93       ***       .23        2.94       ***       .22        2.91       ***           .25
                                                                                                     FY                2.89              2.86                 .03        2.81                 .08        2.97        *            -.10
      c.       Writing clearly and effectively                                 GNWRITE
                                                                                                     SR                2.93              3.01        *        -.09       2.96                 -.04       3.03       **            -.12
                                                                                                     FY                2.63              2.59                 .04        2.60                 .03        2.79       ***           -.17
      d.       Speaking clearly and effectively                                GNSPEAK
                                                                                                     SR                2.74              2.82        *        -.09       2.82        *        -.08       2.90       ***           -.17
                                                                                                     FY                3.17              3.21                 -.05       3.17                 .00        3.14                     .04
      e.       Thinking critically and analytically                            GNANALY
                                                                                                     SR                3.31              3.35                 -.04       3.32                 -.02       3.27                     .05
                                                                                                     FY                2.89              2.98        *        -.10       2.97                 -.09       2.84                     .06
      f.       Analyzing quantitative problems                                 GNQUANT
                                                                                                     SR                3.10              3.07                 .03        3.07                 .04        2.97       ***           .15
                                                                                                     FY                3.12              3.03        *        .09        3.04                 .08        3.00       **            .13
      g.       Using computing and information technology                      GNCMPTS
                                                                                                     SR                3.33              3.19       ***       .16        3.21       ***       .14        3.13       ***           .22
                                                                                                     FY                2.87              2.90                 -.04       2.88                 -.02       2.87                     -.01
      h.       Working effectively with others                                 GNOTHERS
                                                                                                     SR                3.11              3.08                 .02        3.05                 .06        3.02        *            .10
           a
             Weighted by gender, enrollment status, and institutional size.
           b
             * p<.05 ** p<.01 *** p<.001 (2-tailed).
           c
             Mean difference divided by comparison group standard deviation.                                                                                                                                                  7
                                                                                                                                   NSSE 2007 Mean Comparisons
                                                                                                                                     University of Cincinnati
                                                                                                                                                                 U of Cincinnati compared with:


                                                                                                              U of Cincinnati               AAU Inst.                   Carnegie Peers                    Urban Inst.
                                                                                            Bench-                                                           Effect                          Effect                               Effect
                                                                                                                             a                 a         b          c          a         b          c          a          b              c
                                                                                 Variable    mark    Class            Mean              Mean       Sig       Size       Mean       Sig       Size       Mean        Sig           Size

                                                                                                     FY               1.81              2.13       ***       -.32       2.10       ***       -.29       2.06       ***            -.24
      i.       Voting in local, state, or national elections                   GNCITIZN
                                                                                                     SR               1.78              2.10       ***       -.33       2.06       ***       -.28       2.04       ***            -.26
                                                                                                     FY               2.83              2.94       **        -.13       2.91        *        -.10       2.85                      -.02
      j.       Learning effectively on your own                                  GNINQ
                                                                                                     SR               2.94              3.02                 -.09       2.99                 -.06       2.93                      .01
                                                                                                     FY               2.61              2.72       **        -.12       2.69        *        -.09       2.67                      -.07
      k.       Understanding yourself                                           GNSELF
                                                                                                     SR               2.62              2.79       ***       -.17       2.73       **        -.11       2.69                      -.06
               Understanding people of other racial and ethnic                                       FY               2.50              2.66       ***       -.17       2.61       **        -.12       2.70       ***            -.21
      l.                                                                       GNDIVERS
               backgrounds                                                                           SR               2.38              2.63       ***       -.26       2.56       ***       -.19       2.69       ***            -.31
                                                                                                     FY               2.58              2.66                 -.08       2.63                 -.05       2.58                      .00
      m.       Solving complex real-world problems                             GNPROBSV
                                                                                                     SR               2.69              2.77                 -.08       2.74                 -.05       2.66                      .04
                                                                                                     FY               2.43              2.55       **        -.12       2.55       **        -.12       2.55         *            -.12
      n.       Developing a personal code of values and ethics                 GNETHICS
                                                                                                     SR               2.40              2.57       ***       -.16       2.54       **        -.13       2.54        **            -.13
                                                                                                     FY               2.30              2.38        *        -.09       2.38                 -.08       2.25                      .05
      o.       Contributing to the welfare of your community                   GNCOMMUN
                                                                                                     SR               2.25              2.39       ***       -.14       2.36       **        -.11       2.33                      -.08
                                                                                                     FY               1.80              1.89        *        -.09       1.93       **        -.13       1.90         *            -.10
      p.       Developing a deepened sense of spirituality                      GNSPIRIT
                                                                                                     SR               1.56              1.72       ***       -.16       1.73       ***       -.17       1.75       ***            -.19
12.   Academic Advising                                                                                      1=poor, 2=fair, 3=good, 4=excellent
         Overall, how would you evaluate the quality of
         academic advising you have received at your                            ADVISE               FY               2.87              2.98       **        -.13       2.96       **        -.12       2.81                      .07
         institution?                                                                                SR               2.59              2.79       ***       -.21       2.78       ***       -.20       2.67         *            -.09
13.   Satisfaction                                                                                           1=poor, 2=fair, 3=good, 4=excellent
               How would you evaluate your entire educational                                        FY               3.11              3.26       ***       -.22       3.21       **        -.14       3.03         *            .11
                                                                               ENTIREXP
               experience at this institution?                                                       SR               3.00              3.27       ***       -.36       3.22       ***       -.28       3.03                      -.04
14.                                                                                                          1=definitely no, 2=probably no, 3=probably yes, 4=definitely yes
               If you could start over again, would you go to the                                    FY               3.16              3.39       ***       -.29       3.34       ***       -.22       3.08         *            .10
                                                                               SAMECOLL
               same institution you are now attending?                                               SR               3.01              3.34       ***       -.41       3.28       ***       -.33       3.03                      -.03
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   IPEDS: 201885
           a
             Weighted by gender, enrollment status, and institutional size.
           b
             * p<.05 ** p<.01 *** p<.001 (2-tailed).
           c
             Mean difference divided by comparison group standard deviation.                                                                                                                                                  8

								
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