20091120101854 Calcium_chloride_Uses_Nov_2009_rev_4

Document Sample
20091120101854 Calcium_chloride_Uses_Nov_2009_rev_4 Powered By Docstoc
					 not relevant for exposure estimation with ECETOC-TRA
                gives information regarding
industrial/professional/consumer and the relevant branch


                                                                 use (SU)
                                                                 Sector of
        PROCs as link to ECETOC-TRA (tier 1)
   driver for workers exposure, only for industrial and
                    professional uses,
                                                                (PROC)
                                                               Process
                                                               Category


               no PROC for consumer use


          PCs as link to ECETOC-TRA (tier 1)
             driver for consumer exposure,
                                                                 (PC)




         only for consumer use of preparations
                                                               Product
                                                               category
                                                                                 use descriptors




          ACs as link to ECETOC-TRA (tier 1)
            driver for consumer exposure
                                                                    Article




           only for consumer use of articles
                                                                 Category (AC)




            ERCs as link to ECETOC-TRA
           driver for environmental exposure
                                                                  Release
                                                               Environ-mental

                                                               Category (ERC)




                                                           Manufacture



                                                           Formulation
                                                                                 Life Cycle Sta
                                                                Industrial



                                                                Professional
                                                                                 end use
                                                                                               Life Cycle Stage(s)




                                                                Consumer



                                                                Service Life



            default values from ECETOC-TRA
                                                                      and




            (< 0,25h, 0,25h-1h, 1h-4h, 4h-8h)
                                                                     time)
                                                                   duration


                                                                  (exposure
                                                                  frequency




                          yes or no
            if "outdoor": yes then "indoor ": no
                                                                                     Outdoor




                           yes or no;
if "indoor": yes then it should be specified if LEV yes or no
                                                                      with LEV
                                                                                      Indoor
                                                                                               Exposure Modifier




                           yes or no;
                                                                     LEV




if "indoor": yes then it should be specified if LEV yes or no
                                                                    without
ifier                                                        RMM


                                                        Eye       protection
        respiratory
                                                     protection    of hands
        protection
                                                     (goggles)     (gloves)
           (not, efficiency 90 %, efficiency 95 %)
             default values from ECETOC-TRA




                                                     yes or no    yes or no
                                                                                                                       Calcium Chloride - Use Mapping - Version 4 November 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Life Cycle Stage(s)                                                                           Exposure Modifier                                      RMM
                                                                                                   USE DESCRIPTORS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           end use                                                   Outdoor               Indoor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      duration and




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Manufacture




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Professional
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Formulation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Aq. Solution




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Service Life
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Eye       protection




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Consumer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       frequency                                          respiratory                                  only




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Industrial
                                                                                                                                                                                   Article category   Environmental release                                                                                                                           with     without                   protection    of hands
ES   PROC             Process Category                 PC         Chemical Product Category              SU            Sector of Use                       Comment                                                                                                                                                     (exposure                                          protection
                                                                                                                                                                                          AC              category ERC                                                                                                                                LEV       LEV                      (goggles)     (gloves)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          time)


      11            Non industrial spraying            0                 Other products                  1     Agriculture, forestry, fishery          Dust suppression                                         8D                                             X                                                                       Yes                                                    Yes           Yes


      7               Industrial spraying              0                 Other products                  1     Agriculture, forestry, fishery          Dust suppression                                         8D                                             X                                                                       Yes                                                    Yes           Yes

                                                            Lawn and Garden Preparations, including
      11            Non industrial spraying            22                                                1     Agriculture, forestry, fishery    Pre-harvest spraying of fruits                                 8E                                                            X                                                        Yes                                                    Yes           Yes
                                                                          fertilizers
                                                                                                                                                 Pre-harvest spraying of fruits:
                                                            Lawn and Garden Preparations, including
      11            Non industrial spraying            22                                                1     Agriculture, forestry, fishery      Foliar application of apple           na                     8F                                                            X                                         > 4 h/d        Yes            No            No        No              No            No
                                                                          fertilizers
                                                                                                                                                              trees
                                                                                                                                                                                                      ERC8F: Wide dispersive
                                                                                                                                                                                                      outdoor use resulting in
      11            Non industrial spraying            12                   Fertilizers                  1     Agriculture, forestry, fishery            agrochemicals                                                                           X             X                                                         8hour         Yes            No          Yes         No              Yes           No
                                                                                                                                                                                                      inclusion into or onto a
                                                                                                                                                                                                               matrix
             Treatment of articles by dipping and           Lawn and Garden Preparations, including
      13                                               22                                                1     Agriculture, forestry, fishery    Post-harvest dipping of fruits                                 8E                                                            X                                                        Yes                                                    Yes           Yes
                           pouring                                        fertilizers

             Treatment of articles by dipping and           Lawn and Garden Preparations, including                                              Post-harvest dipping of fruits:
      13                                               22                                                1     Agriculture, forestry, fishery                                            na                      5                                             X                                                        < 1 h/d            No         No          Yes         No              Yes           Yes
                           pouring                                        fertilizers                                                                   Fruit dips/baths

             Mixing or blending in batch processes
      5                                                12                   Fertilizers                  1     Agriculture, forestry, fishery          Fertilizer for trees                                     8E                                                            X                                                        Yes                                                    Yes           Yes
            (multistage and/or significant contact)
                                                                                                                                                   Fertilizer for trees: Direct
             Mixing or blending in batch processes
      5                                                12                   Fertilizers                  1     Agriculture, forestry, fishery     application of solid calcium           na                     8D                                                            X                                         < 1 h/d        Yes            No            No        No              No            No
            (multistage and/or significant contact)
                                                                                                                                                     chloride to fruit trees
            Use in closed process, no likelihood of                                                             Mining, (including offshore          use in oil industry as                                     9B
      1                                                0                 Other products                  2                                                                                                                                       X             X                                                                       Yes                                    No              Yes           Yes
                           exposure                                                                                     industries)                    Completion Fluid
            Use in closed, continuous process with                                                              Mining, (including offshore          used in oil industry as
      2                                                0                 Other products                  2                                                                                                      9B                               X             X                                                                       Yes                                    Yes             Yes           Yes
                occasional controlled exposure                                                                          industries)                     completion fluid
            Use in closed batch process (synthesis                                                              Mining, (including offshore
      3                                                0                 Other products                  2                                             use in oil industry
                        or formulation)                                                                                 industries)
               Use in batch and other process                                                                   Mining, (including offshore          used in oil industry as
      4       (synthesis) where opportunity for        0                 Other products                  2                                                                                                       2                               X             X                                                                       Yes                                    Yes             Yes           Yes
                                                                                                                        industries)                     completion fluid
                       exposure arises
                Transfer of chemicals from/to                                                                   Mining, (including offshore          used in oil industry as
      8        vessels/large containers at non         0                 Other products                  2                                                                                                      8D                               X             X                                                                       Yes                                    No              Yes           Yes
                                                                                                                        industries)                     completion fluid
                     dedicated facilities
                                                                                                                Mining, (including offshore
      11           Non industrial spraying             0                 other products                  2                                             Dust suppression
                                                                                                                        industries)
                                                                                                                Mining, (including offshore
      7               Industrial spraying              0                 Other products                  2                                             Dust suppression
                                                                                                                        industries)
                Transfer of chemicals into small                                                                Mining, (including offshore          used in oil industry as                                    9B
      9                                                0                 Other products                  2                                                                                                                                       X             X                                                                       Yes                                    No              Yes           Yes
               containers (dedicated filling line)                                                                      industries)                     completion fluid
                Transfer of chemicals from/to                                                                   Mining, (including offshore
      8        vessels/large containers at non         0                 Other products                  2                                             Final user process
                                                                                                                        industries)
                     dedicated facilities
               Use in batch and other process                                                                   Mining, (including offshore
      4       (synthesis) where opportunity for        0                 Other products                  2                                             Final user process
                                                                                                                        industries)
                       exposure arises
                                                                                                                Mining, (including offshore                                                                                                                                                             1
      11           Non industrial spraying             4       Anti-Freeze and De-icing products         2                                                  De-icing                                            8D                                                            X                        day              <0,25 h
                                                                                                                        industries)                                                                                                                                                                                                  yes          -           -          no             yes           yes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        to
                                                                                                                Mining, (including offshore                                                                                                                                                             1
      11            Non industrial spraying            2                   Adsorbents                    2                                               Dust binding                                           8D                                                            X                        day              <0,25 h
                                                                                                                        industries)                                                                                                                                                                                                  yes          yes         -          no             yes           yes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        to
            Used in closed process, no likelihood of                                                                                                refrigeration, chemical                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        aq.solution
      1                                                16              heat transfer fluids              3     Industrial manufacturing (all)                                            na                      2                                             X                                                         1-4h              yes        no            no        no              yes           yes
                           exposure.                                                                                                                      manufacture                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 only
                 Transfer of chemicals from/to                                                                                                      refrigeration, chemical                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        aq.solution
      8         vessels/large containers at non        16              heat transfer fluids              3     Industrial manufacturing (all)                                            na                      2                                             X                                                         1-4h              yes        no            no        no              yes           yes
                                                                                                                                                          manufacture                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 only
                      dedicated facilities
                Transfer of chemicals into small                                                                                                    refrigeration, chemical                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        aq.solution
      9                                                16              heat transfer fluids              3     Industrial manufacturing (all)                                            na                      2                                             x                                                         1-4h              yes        no            no        no              yes           yes
               containers (dedicated filling line)                                                                                                        manufacture                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 only
                                                                 Products such as ph-regulators,                                                  Water treatment chemical -
            Use in closed, continuous process with
      2                                                20    flocculants, precipitants, neutralization   3     Industrial manufacturing (all)         Removal of fluorine,
                occasional controlled exposure
                                                                     agents, other unspecific                                                        sulphates, phosphates
            Use in closed, continuous process with                                                                                                   brewing, refrigeration,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       aq.solution
      2                                                16              heat transfer fluids              4     Manufacture of food products                                                                      7                                             X                                                                           No                     Yes                         Yes           Yes
                occasional controlled exposure                                                                                                     processing, preserverving                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          only
            Use in closed batch process (synthesis                                                                                                   brewing, refrigeration,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       aq.solution
      3                                                16              heat transfer fluids              4     Manufacture of food products                                                                      7                                             X                                                                           No                     Yes                         Yes           Yes
                        or formulation)                                                                                                            processing, preserverving                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          only
               Use in batch and other process                                                                                                        brewing, refrigeration,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       aq.solution
      4       (synthesis) where opportunity for        16              heat transfer fluids              4     Manufacture of food products                                                                      2                                             X                                                                           No                     Yes                         Yes           Yes
                                                                                                                                                   processing, preserverving                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          only
                        exposure arises
            Use in closed batch process (synthesis
      3                                                37          water treatment chemicals             4     Manufacture of food products                 brewing
                        or formulation)
            Use in closed, continuous process with               Products such as ph-regulators,
      2                                                20    flocculants, precipitants, neutralization   4     Manufacture of food products           Enzyme production
                occasional controlled exposure
                                                                     agents, other unspecific
                Use in batch and other process                                                                Manufacture of pulp, paper and
      4        (synthesis) where opportunity for       0                  other products                 6                                          paper de-inking process
                                                                                                                     paper products
                        exposure arises
             Mixing or blending in batch processes                                                            Manufacture of pulp, paper and
      5                                                0                 other products                  6
            (multistage and/or significant contact)                                                                  paper products
                                                               Paper and board dye, finishing and             Manufacture of pulp, paper and     Anti-static treatment of paper
      10         Roller application or brushing        26                                                6                                                                               na                     8F                X                                                                                    <0.25 h/d           No         Yes           No        No              Yes           Yes
                                                                     impregnation products                           paper products                     and similar uses
            Use in closed batch process (synthesis                                                            Manufacture of bulk, large scale      refrigeration, chemical
      3                                                0                 other products                  8    chemicals (including petroleum                                                                    9A                                             X                                                                                                    X                         Yes           Yes
                        or formulation)                                                                                                                   manufacture
                                                                                                                        products)
                 used in closed batch process                                                                 Manufacture of bulk, large scale      refrigeration, chemical
      3                                                16              heat transfer fluids              8    chemicals (including petroleum                                                                    9A                                             X                                                                                                    X                         Yes           Yes
                  (synthesis or formulation)                                                                                                              manufacture
                                                                                                                        products)
                 used in closed batch process                                                                 Manufacture of bulk, large scale      refrigeration, chemical
      3                                                16              heat transfer fluids              8    chemicals (including petroleum                                             na                      2                                             x                                                         1-4h              yes                                no              yes           yes
                  (synthesis or formulation)                                                                                                              manufacture
                                                                                                                        products)
            Used in closed process, no likelihood of
      1                                                16              heat transfer fluids                                                       Final use in cooling system            na                      7                                             x                                                                           no                     yes         no              yes           yes
                           exposure.
                                                                                                                                                    Coagulant. After use, the
                                                                                                                                                 dissolved Ca Cl2 is discharged
                                                                 products such as pH-regulators,              Manufacture of bulk, large scale    to a public water purification
                 used in closed batch process                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0.25h -
      3                                                20    flocculants, precipitants, neutralization   8    chemicals (including petroleum       system, highest change on                                    6B                                                                                                                     Yes            No            No        No              Yes           Yes
                  (synthesis or formulation)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1h/day
                                                                     agents, other unspecific                           products)                    human contact = truck
                                                                                                                                                  unloading of dissolved CaCl2
                                                                                                                                                            (36wt%)
                Use in batch and other process                                                                Manufacture of bulk, large scale
      4        (synthesis) where opportunity for       0                 other products                  8    chemicals (including petroleum
                        exposure arises                                                                                 products)
             Mixing or blending in batch processes                                                            Manufacture of bulk, large scale
      5                                                0                 other products                  8    chemicals (including petroleum
            (multistage and/or significant contact)
                                                                                                                        products)
            Use in closed, continuous process with                                                            Manufacture of bulk, large scale
      2                                                2                   Adsorbents                    8    chemicals (including petroleum        Gas and solvent drying                                      6B                                             X                                                                                                    X                         Yes           Yes
                occasional controlled exposure
                                                                                                                        products)
                Use in batch and other process                   products such as pH-regulators,
      4        (synthesis) where opportunity for       20    flocculants, precipitants, neutralization   9     Manufacture of fine chemicals               alginates                                            6A                                             X                                                                           No                     Yes                         Yes           Yes
                        exposure arises                              agents, other unspecific
                                                                 products such as pH-regulators,
             Mixing or blending in batch processes
      5                                                20    flocculants, precipitants, neutralization   9     Manufacture of fine chemicals               alginates                                            6A                                             X                                                                           No                     Yes                         Yes           Yes
            (multistage and/or significant contact)
                                                                     agents, other unspecific
         Use in batch and other process
4       (synthesis) where opportunity for        27          plant protection products            9        Manufacture of fine chemicals               agrochemicals
                 exposure arises
      Mixing or blending in batch processes
5                                                27          plant protection products            9        Manufacture of fine chemicals               agrochemicals
     (multistage and/or significant contact)
       Transfer of chemicals into smaller
9     containers            (dedicated filling   27          plant protection products            9        Manufacture of fine chemicals               agrochemicals
                        line)
     Use in closed process, no likelihood of
1                                                29              Pharmaceuticals                  9        Manufacture of fine chemicals           hemodialysis solution                        7
                     exposure
        Potentially closed operations with
22                                               29              Pharmaceuticals                  9        Manufacture of fine chemicals           hemodialysis solution                        7
        minerals at elevated temperature
     Use in closed batch process (synthesis                                                             Formulation(mixing) of preparations       Manufacture of fertilizer            ERC2: Formulation of
3                                                12                  Fertilizers                  10                                                                                                              X                      8 hour        No       No    Yes   No    No    No
                  or formulation)                                                                              and/or re-packaging                      products                          preparations
         Transfer of chemicals into small                                                               Formulation(mixing) of preparations
9                                                16             heat transfer fluids              10                                                    distributors             na             2                     x                   1-4h        yes       no    no    no    yes   yes
        containers (dedicated filling line)                                                                    and/or re-packaging
         Use in batch and other process                                                                 Formulation(mixing) of preparations        effluent treatment, re-
4       (synthesis) where opportunity for        37         water treatment chemicals             10                                                                             na             1             X                         <0.25 h/d      No       Yes   No    95%   yes   yes
                                                                                                               and/or re-packaging                   mineralising water
                 exposure arises
      Mixing or blending in batch processes                                                             Formulation(mixing) of preparations
5                                                37         water treatment chemicals             10
     (multistage and/or significant contact)                                                                   and/or re-packaging
     Used in closed process, no likelihood of                                                           Formulation(mixing) of preparations
1                                                39     Cosmetics, personal care products         10                                                                                            2                 X                       8 h/d        No       No    Yes   No
                    exposure.                                                                                  and/or re-packaging
     Use in closed, continuous process with                                                             Formulation(mixing) of preparations
2                                                39     Cosmetics, personal care products         10                                                                                            2                 X                       8 h/d        No       No    Yes   No
         occasional controlled exposure                                                                        and/or re-packaging
     Use in closed batch process (synthesis                                                             Formulation(mixing) of preparations
3                                                39     Cosmetics, personal care products         10                                                                                            2                 X                       8 h/d        No       No    Yes   No
                 or formulation)                                                                               and/or re-packaging
         Use in batch and other process                                                                 Formulation(mixing) of preparations
4       (synthesis) where opportunity for        39     Cosmetics, personal care products         10
                                                                                                               and/or re-packaging
                 exposure arises
      Mixing or blending in batch processes                                                             Formulation(mixing) of preparations
5                                                39     Cosmetics, personal care products         10                                                                                            2                 X                       8 h/d        No       No    Yes   No
     (multistage and/or significant contact)                                                                   and/or re-packaging
         Transfer of chemicals from/to                                                                  Formulation(mixing) of preparations
8       vessels/large containers at non          39     Cosmetics, personal care products         10                                                                                            2                 X                       8 h/d        No       No    Yes   No
                                                                                                               and/or re-packaging
               dedicated facilities
       Transfer of chemicals into smaller                                                               Formulation(mixing) of preparations
9    containers            (dedicated filling    39     Cosmetics, personal care products         10                                                                                                              X                       8 h/d        No       No    Yes   No
                                                                                                               and/or re-packaging
                       line)
     Production of preparations or articles                                                             Formulation(mixing) of preparations
14   by tabletting, compression, extrusion,      39     Cosmetics, personal care products         10                                                                                            2                 X                       8 h/d        No       No    Yes   No
                                                                                                               and/or re-packaging
                  pelettisation
      Use of laboratory reagents in small                                                               Formulation(mixing) of preparations
15                                               39     Cosmetics, personal care products         10                                                                                            2                 X                       8 h/d        No       No    Yes   No
                scale laboratories                                                                             and/or re-packaging
      Mixing or blending in batch processes                                                             Formulation(mixing) of preparations
5                                                0                other products                  10
     (multistage and/or significant contact)                                                                   and/or re-packaging
       Transfer of chemicals into smaller                                                               Formulation(mixing) of preparations
9     containers           (dedicated filling    0                other products                  10                                                    Distributors
                                                                                                               and/or re-packaging
                       line)
     Use in closed batch process (synthesis                                                              Manufacture of plastics products,      Emulsion breaking after                                                                                Yes                                    Aq. solution
3                                                32   Polymer Preparations and Compounds          12       including compounding and                                                            4                         X                0                    Yes         No    Yes   Yes
                 or formulation)                                                                                                                   polymer synthesis                                                                                (storage)                                     only
                                                                                                                    conversion
        Use in batch and other process                Building and construction preparations             Manufacture of other non-metallic Final use as cement binding in
4      (synthesis) where opportunity for         10                                               13      mineral products, e.g. plasters,     Building and construction
                                                              not covered elsewhere
                 exposure arises                                                                                      cement                             work
         Transfer of chemicals from/to                Building and construction preparations             Manufacture of other non-metallic Final use as cement binding in
8       vessels/large containers at non          10                                               13      mineral products, e.g. plasters,     Building and construction
                                                              not covered elsewhere
               dedicated facilities                                                                                   cement                             work
     Use in closed, continuous process with               Products such as ph-regulators,               Manufacture of computer, electronic
2                                                20   flocculants, precipitants, neutralization   16      and optical products, electrical  Fluorine removal/precipitation
         occasional controlled exposure
                                                              agents, other unspecific                              equipment
        Use in batch and other process                Building and construction preparations                                                Concrete acceleration,cement
4      (synthesis) where opportunity for         10                                               19      Building and construction work                                                       9A                     X                                               Yes         Yes   Yes
                                                               not covered elsewhere                                                                    binding
                exposure arises
11          Non industrial spraying              4      Anti-Freeze and De-icing products         19      Building and construction work             De-icing of roads                         8D                     X   X                           Yes                         Yes   Yes

      Mixing or blending in batch processes           Building and construction preparations
5                                                10                                               19      Building and construction work              cement binding                            7                     X                                               Yes         Yes   Yes
     (multistage and/or significant contact)                  not covered elsewhere
                                                                                                        Private households (= general public
          End use of cosmetic products           39     Cosmetics, personal care products         21                                                                                           8A                             X
                                                                                                                   = consumers)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  up
                                                                                                        Private households (= general public                                                                                      to
                                                 2                  Adsorbents                    21                                              Domestic dehumidifiers                       8D                             X           24h          no             yes   no    no    no
                                                                                                                   = consumers)                                                                                                   6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  mo
     Production of preparations or articles
                                                                                                        Formulation [mixing] of preparations       Production of domestic
14   by tabletting, compression, extrusion,      2                  Adsorbents                    10                                                                                            2                 x   x                    8h          no             yes   no    yes   yes
                                                                                                               and/or re-packaging                     dehumidifiers
                  pelettisation
         Transfer of chemicals into small                                                               Formulation [mixing] of preparations       Production of domestic
9                                                2                  Adsorbents                    10                                                                                            2                 x   x                    8h          no             yes   no    yes   yes
        containers (dedicated filling line)                                                                    and/or re-packaging                     dehumidifiers
     Use in closed batch process (synthesis                                                             Private households (= general public Energy source om self-heating
3                                                16            Heat Transfer Fluids               21
                 or formulation)                                                                                    = consumers)                      beverage cups
                                                                                                           Public domain (administration,      Application of dry CaCl2 on                                                         4
11           Non industrial spraying             0                Other products                  22     education, entertainment, services, gravel roads for dust binding       N/A           8D                         X       mo       2h          X                    No    Yes   Yes
                                                                                                                     craftsmen)                                                                                                   nth
                                                                                                           Public domain (administration,     Application of liquid CaCl2 on                                                       4
11           Non industrial spraying             0                Other products                  22     education, entertainment, services,                                     N/A           8D                         X       mo       2h          X                    No    Yes   Yes
                                                                                                                                              gravel roads for dust binding
                                                                                                                     craftsmen)                                                                                                   nth
      Mixing or blending in batch processes                                                                Public domain (administration,      Dissolution of solid CaCl2 in
5                                                0                Other products                  22     education, entertainment, services,  water to give liquid brine for     N/A            2                 X       X       N/A      4h          X                    No    Yes   Yes
     (multistage and/or significant contact)
                                                                                                                     craftsmen)                        dust binding
        Transfer of chemicals into small
9                                                37         Water treatment chemicals             23                  Recycling                    Distributors proces
       containers (dedicated filling line)
         Transfer of chemicals from/to                                                                                                         Final user process. Diverse ion
8       vessels/large containers at non          37         Water treatment chemicals             23                 Recycling                 removal for water treatment =
              dedicated facilities                                                                                                                     water recycling
        Use in batch and other process                                                                                                         Final user process. Diverse ion
4      (synthesis) where opportunity for         37         Water treatment chemicals             23                 Recycling                 removal for water treatment =
                exposure arises                                                                                                                        water recycling
        Use in batch and other process
4      (synthesis) where opportunity for         40              Extraction agents                23                 Recycling                   Metallic catalyst recovery
                exposure arises
        Use in batch and other process
                                                                                                            Other activity related to
4      (synthesis) where opportunity for         19                Intermediate                   0-1                                                                                          6A                     X                                               Yes         Yes   Yes
                                                                                                        manufacturing of chemical products
                exposure arises
SOLVAY SA                                                 Issued by : MANTIA S.                        Controlled Document
SBU Electrochemistry and Derived Specialties   Validated by : SEVERINI S. - LOUBOUTIN S.                   DOC-2900-0510




                                    PROC                     Process Category


                                      0                           Other process


                                      1         Use in closed process, no likelihood of exposure

                                               Use in closed, continuous process with occasional
                                      2
                                                              controlled exposure
                                                    Use in closed batch process (synthesis or
                                      3
                                                                   formulation)
                                               Use in batch and other process (synthesis) where
                                      4
                                                        opportunity for exposure arises
                                               Mixing or blending in batch processes (multistage
                                      5
                                                           and/or significant contact)

                                      6                      Calendering operations


                                      7                        Industrial spraying

                                                   Transfer of chemicals from/to vessels/large
                                      8
                                                      containers at non dedicated facilities
                                                   Transfer of chemicals into small containers
                                      9
                                                              (dedicated filling line)

                                     10                   Roller application or brushing


                                     11                      Non industrial spraying


                                     12              Use of blow agents for foam production


                                     13           Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring

                                               Production of preparations or articles by tabletting,
                                     14
                                                     compression, extrusion, pelettisation
                                                    Use of laboratory reagents in small scale
                                     15
                                                                  laboratories
                                               Using material as fuel sources, limited exposure to
                                     16
                                                      unburned product to be expected
                                               Lubrication at high energy conditions and in partly
                                     17
                                                                  open process

                                     18                Greasing at high energy conditions

                                                  Hand-mixing with intimate contact (only PPE
                                     19
                                                                  available)
                                               Heat and pressure transfer fluids (closed systems)
                                     20
                                                               in dispersive use
                                                Low energy manipulation of substances bound in
                                     21
                                                           materials and/or articles
                                                  Potentially closed operations with minerals at
                                     22
                                                               elevated temperature
                                                  Open processing and transfer of minerals at
                                     23
                                                            elevated temperature
                                                High (mechanical) energy workup of substances
                                     24
                                                       bound in materials and/or articles

                                     25                 Hot work operations with metals




Date of application: January 2009                               Issue 1                                           Page ./.
SOLVAY SA                                                      Issued by : MANTIA S.                        Controlled Document
SBU Electrochemistry and Derived Specialties        Validated by : SEVERINI S. - LOUBOUTIN S.                   DOC-2900-0510




                                               PC           Chemical Product Category


                                               0                      Other products


                                               1                    Adhesives, Sealants


                                               2                        Adsorbents


                                               3                     Air care products


                                               4            Anti-Freeze and De-icing products


                                               5          Artists Supply and Hobby preparations


                                               6                 Automotive Care Products


                                               7                  Base metals and alloys


                                               8    Biocidal Products (e.g. Disinfectants, pest control)


                                               9       Coatings and Paints, Fillers, Putties, Thinners

                                                    Building and construction preparations not covered
                                               10
                                                                        elsewhere

                                               11                        Explosives


                                               12                        Fertilizers


                                               13                          Fuels

                                                        Metal surface treatment products, including
                                               14
                                                           galvanic and electroplating products

                                               15         Non-metal-surface treatment products


                                               16                   Heat Transfer Fluids


                                               17                     Hydraulic Fluids


                                               18                     Ink and Toners


                                               19                      Intermediate

                                                        Products such as ph-regulators, flocculants,
                                               20
                                                    precipitants, neutralization agents, other unspecific

                                               21                  Laboratory Chemicals


                                               22   Lawn and Garden Preparations, including fertilizers

                                                    Leather tanning, dye, finishing, impregnation and
                                               23
                                                                      care products

                                               24       Lubricants, Greases and Release Products


                                               25                  Metal Working Fluids

                                                     Paper and board dye, finishing and impregnation
                                               26
                                                                        products

                                               27                Plant Protection Products


                                               28                  Perfumes, Fragrances


                                               29                     Pharmaceuticals


                                               30                     Photochemicals


                                               31                Polishes and Wax Blends


                                               32         Polymer Preparations and Compounds


                                               33                     Semiconductor


                                               34    Textile dyes, finishing and impregnating products

                                                    Washing and Cleaning Products (including solvent
                                               35
                                                                   based products)

                                               36                     Water softeners


                                               37               Water treatment chemicals


                                               38     Welding and soldering products, flux products


                                               39           Cosmetics, personal care products


                                               40                    Extraction agents




Date of application: January 2009                                    Issue 1                                           Page ./.
SOLVAY SA                                                 Issued by : MANTIA S.                       Controlled Document
SBU Electrochemistry and Derived Specialties   Validated by : SEVERINI S. - LOUBOUTIN S.                  DOC-2900-0510




                                        SU                      Sector of Use

                                                   1 Other activity related to manufacturing of
                                        0-1
                                                                chemical products

                                        0-2    2 Other activity related to manufacture and services


                                         1                Agriculture, forestry, fishery


                                         2            Mining, (including offshore industries)


                                         3                Industrial Manufacturing (all)


                                         4                Manufacture of food products


                                         5             Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur


                                         6       Manufacture of pulp, paper and paper products


                                         7         Printing and reproduction of recorded media

                                                   Manufacture of bulk, large scale chemicals
                                         8
                                                        (including petroleum products)

                                         9                Manufacture of fine chemicals

                                                 Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-
                                        10
                                                                   packaging

                                        11               Manufacture of rubber products

                                                   Manufacture of plastics products, including
                                        12
                                                         compounding and conversion
                                               Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products,
                                        13
                                                              e.g. plasters, cement

                                        14                 Manufacture of basic metals

                                                Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except
                                        15
                                                          machinery and equipment
                                                 Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical
                                        16
                                                         products, electrical equipment
                                               General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment,
                                        17
                                                      vehicles, other transport equipment.

                                        18                   Manufacture of furniture


                                        19               Building and construction work


                                        20                       Health services


                                        21     Private households (= general public = consumers)

                                                    Public domain (administration, education,
                                        22
                                                      entertainment, services, craftsmen)

                                        23                          Recycling




                                               http://ec.europa.eu/comm/competition/mergers/ca
                                                             ses/index/nace_all.html




Date of application: January 2009                               Issue 1                                          Page ./.
ERC Number   Name
ERC 1        Manufacture of substances




ERC 2        Formulation of preparations


ERC 3        Formulation in materials



ERC 4        Industrial use of processing aids in
             processes and products, not
             becoming part of articles


ERC 5        Industrial use resulting in inclusion
             into or onto a matrix




ERC 6A       Industrial use resulting in
             manufacture of another substance
             (use of intermediates)



ERC 6B       Industrial use of reactive
             processing aids



ERC 6C       Industrial use of monomers for
             polymerisation


ERC 6D       Industrial use of auxiliaries for
             polymerisation processes in
             production of resins, rubbers,
             polymers
ERC 7        Industrial use of substances in
             closed systems


ERC 8A       Wide dispersive indoor use of
             processing aids in open systems
ERC 8B    Wide dispersive indoor use of
          reactive substances in open
          systems


ERC 8C    Wide dispersive indoor use
          resulting in inclusion into or onto a
          matrix


ERC 8D    Wide dispersive outdoor use of
          processing aids in open systems


ERC 8E    Wide dispersive outdoor use of
          reactive substances in open
          systems


ERC 8F    Wide dispersive outdoor use
          resulting in inclusion into or onto a
          matrix
ERC 9A    Wide dispersive indoor use of
          substances in closed systems

ERC 9B    Wide dispersive outdoor use of
          substances in closed systems


ERC 10A   Wide dispersive outdoor use of
          long-life articles and materials with
          low release
ERC 10B   Wide dispersive outdoor use of
          long-life articles and materials with
          high or intended release



ERC 11A   Wide dispersive indoor use of long-
          life articles and materials with low
          release


ERC 11B   Wide dispersive indoor use of long-
          life articles and materials with high
          or intended release
Description
Manufacture of organic and inorganic substances in chemical, petrochemical,primary
metals and minerals industry including intermediates,monomers using continuous
processes or batch processes applying dedicated or multi-purpose equipment, either
technically controlled or operated by manual interventions

Mixing and blending of substances into (chemical) preparations in all types of
formulating industries, such as paints and do-it-yourself products, pigment paste, fuels,
household products (cleaning products), lubricants etc
Mixing or blending of substances, which will be physically or chemically bound into or
onto a matrix (material) such as plastics additives in master batches or plastic
compounds. For instance a plasticizers or stabilizers in PVC master-batches or
products, crystal growth regulator in photographic films etc
Industrial use of processing aids in continuous processes or batch processes applying
dedicated or multi-purpose equipment, either technically controlled or operated by
manual interventions. For example, solvents used in chemical reactions or the ‘use’ of
solvents during the application of paints, lubricants in metal working fluids, anti-set off
agents in polymer moulding/casting
Industrial use of substances as such or in preparations (non-processing aids), which will
be physically or chemically bound into or onto a matrix (material) such as binding agent
in paints and coatings or adhesives, dyes in textile fabrics and leather products, metals
in coatings applied through plating and galvanizing processes. The category covers
substances in articles with a particular function and also substances remaining in the
article after having been used as processing aid in an earlier life cycle stage



Use of intermediates in primarily the chemical industry using continuous processes or
batch processes applying dedicated or multi-purpose equipment, either technically
controlled or operated by manual interventions, for the synthesis (manufacture) of other
substances. For instance the use of chemical building blocks (feedstock) in the
synthesis of agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, monomers etc.

Industrial use of reactive processing aids in continuous processes or batch processes
applying dedicated or multi-purpose equipment, either technically controlled or operated
by manual interventions. For example the use of bleaching agents in the paper industry.


Industrial use of monomers in the production of plastics (thermoplastics), polymerization
processes. For example the use of vinyl chloride monomer in the production of PVC


Industrial use of chemicals (cross-linking agents, curing agents) in the production of
thermosets and rubbers, polymerization processes. For instance the use of styrene in
polyester production or vulcanization agents in the production of rubbers

Industrial use of substances in closed systems. Use in closed equipment, such as the
use of liquids in hydraulic systems, cooling liquids in refrigerators and lubricants in
engines and dielectric fluids in electric transformers and oil in heat exchangers.

Indoor use of processing aids by the public at large or professional use. Use (usually)
results in direct release into the environment, for example, detergents in fabric washing,
machine wash liquids and lavatory cleaners, automotive and bicycle care products
(polishes, lubricants, de-icers), solvents in paints and adhesives or fragrances and
aerosol propellants in air fresheners.
Indoor use of reactive substances by the public at large or professional use. Use
(usually) results in direct release into the environment, for example, sodium hypochlorite
in lavatory cleaners, bleaching agents in fabric washing products, hydrogen peroxide in
dental care products

Indoor use of substances (non-processing aids) by the public at large or professional
use, which will be physically or chemically bound into or onto a matrix (material) such as
binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives, dyeing of textile fabrics.


Outdoor use of processing aids by the public at large or professional use. Use (usually)
results in direct release into the environment, for example, automotive and bicycle care
products (polishes, lubricants, de-icers, detergents), solvents in paints and adhesives.

Outdoor use of reactive substances by the public at large or professional use. Use
(usually) results in direct release into the environment, for example, the use of sodium
hypochlorite or hydrogen peroxide for surface cleaning (building materials)


Outdoor use of substances (non-processing aids) by the public at large or professional
use, which will be physically or chemically bound into or onto a matrix (material) such as
binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives.
Indoor use of substances by the public at large or professional (small scale) use in
closed systems. Use in closed equipment, such as the use of cooling liquids in
refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters.
Outdoor use of substances by the public at large or professional (small scale) use in
closed systems. Use in closed equipment, such as the use of hydraulic liquids in
automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids in automotive brake
systems.
Low (no intended) release of substances included into or onto articles and materials
during their service life from outdoor use. Such as metal, wooden and plastic
construction and building materials (gutters, drains, frames etc.)
Substances included into or onto articles and materials with high or intended release
during their service life from outdoor use. Such as tyres, treated wooden products,
treated textile and fabric like sun blinds and parasols and furniture, zinc anodes in
commercial shipping and pleasure craft, and brake pads in trucks or cars.

Low (no intended) release of substances included into or onto articles and materials
during their service life from indoor use. For example, flooring, furniture, toys,
construction materials, curtains, footwear, leather products, paper and cardboard
products (magazines, books, news paper and packaging paper), electronic equipment
(casing)
Substances included into or onto articles and materials with high or intended release
during their service life from indoor use. For example: release from fabrics, textiles
(clothing, floor rugs) during washing

				
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