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Charlie Chaplin The Great Dictator

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					                 THE GREAT DICTATOR
FILM WAS RELEASED IN THEATERS IN 1940.
CHARLIE CHAPLIN (1889-1977) WROTE, DIRECTED, PRODUCED,
AND STARRED IN THE FILM.
CHAPLIN WAS A COMIC FILM ACTOR AND DIRECTOR FROM
THE SILENT MOVIE ERA OF HOLLYWOOD.
HIS MOST FAMOUS ROLE WAS THAT OF THE LITTLE TRAMP.
THE GREAT DICTATOR WAS THE LAST TIME HE PERFORMED AS
THE LITTLE TRAMP IN A FILM.
CHAPLIN’S FIRST TALKING ROLE ON FILM WAS IN THE GREAT
DICTATOR.
TALKING PICTURES HAD BEEN FILMED IN HOLLYWOOD SINCE
THE PRODUCTION OF THE JAZZ SINGER IN 1927. THE SPEAKER
OF THE FIRST WORDS ON FILM WAS AL JOLSEN.
THE GREAT DICTATOR WAS CHAPLIN’S ACT OF DEFIANCE
AGAINST ADOLPH HITLER AND NAZISM.
CHAPLIN HAD VERY LIBERAL VIEWS ON GOVERNENT AND
SOCIETY. SOME CALLED HIM A COMMUNIST.
DURING THE 1950’S AND THE MCCARTHY ERA, HE WAS
ACCUSED OF BEING A COMMUNIST AND BLACK LISTED BY
HOLLYWOOD.
FBI DIRECTOR J. EDGAR HOOVER DENIED CHAPLIN RE-ENTRY
INTO THE COUNTRY IN 1953 AFTER CHAPLIN HAD TAKEN A
TRIP TO HIS HOME COUNTRY OF ENGLAND.
HE MOVED TO SWITZERLAND.
HE MADE A VISIT BACK TO THE UNITED STATES IN 1972 TO
ACCEPT AN HONORARY OSCAR.
THE GREAT DICTATOR IS A SATIRE.
CHAPLIN IS MAKING FUN OF HITLER AND NAZI GERMANY.
THERE ARE LOADS OF SYMBOLISM AND ALLUSIONS IN THE
FILM.
THE FILM BEGINS IN WORLD WAR I AND ENDS AT THE
BEGINNING OF WORLD WAR II.
THE COUNTRY OF TOMAINIA (AN ALLUSION TO PTOMAINE
POISONING) IS THE SETTING OF THE FILM.
CHAPLIN PLAYS TWO ROLES IN THE FILM.
HE PLAYS A JEWISH BARBER WHO IS INJURED DURING WORLD
WAR I (THE GREAT WAR). HE SPENDS MANY YEARS IN A
HOSPITAL SUFFERING FROM AMNESIA.
THE BARBER IS INJURED TRYING TO HELP COMMANDER
SCHULTZ.
CHAPLIN’S OTHER ROLE IS THAT OF ADENOID HYNKEL, THE
DICTATOR OF TOMAINIA.
HYNKEL IS AN ALLUSION TO ADOLPH HITLER.
HITLER WAS CALLED THE FUHRER.
HYNKEL IS CALLED THE PHOOEY.
CHAPLIN AND HITLER DID FAVOR IN THEIR LOOKS. THEY
WERE BORN FOUR DAYS APART IN 1889, CHAPLIN APRIL 16
AND HITLER APRIL 20.
BOTH GREW UP IN POVERTY WITH ALCOHOLIC FATHERS AND
AILING MOTHERS.
HYNKEL’S TOP ASSISTANTS ARE MINISTER OF THE INTERIOR
GARBITSCH (PRONOUNCED GARBAGE) WHO IS AN ALLUSION
TO HITLER’S MINISTER OF PROPAGANDA JOSEPH GOEBBELS
AND MINISTER OF WAR FIELD MARSHALL HERRING WHO IS
AN ALLUSION TO HERMANN GORING, THE COMMANDER OF
THE LUFTAFFE (GERMAN AIR FORCE).
THE SYMBOL FOR NAZI GERMANY WAS THE SWASTIKA.
HYNKEL’S REGIME’S SYMBOL IS THE DOUBLE CROSS.
HYNKEL WANTS TO INVADE THE COUNTRY OF OSTERLICH
(AUSTRIA).
THE DICTATOR OF BACTERIA (ITALY) ALSO WANTS TO INVADE
OSTERLICH.
JACK OAKIE PLAYS BENZINO NAPALONI (AN ALLUSION TO
WORLD WAR II ITALIAN LEADER BENITO MUSSOLINI AND
FRENCH EMPEROR NAPOLEON BONAPARTE).
MUSSOLINI WAS CALLED LL DUCE (THE LEADER).
NAPALONI IS CALLED DIG-A-DITCHY.
CAPITAL OF ITALY IS ROME.
CAPITAL OF BACTERIA IS AROMA.
THE JEWISH BARBER RETURNS TO HIS SHOP AFTER TWENTY
YEARS TO FIND THE JEWISH PEOPLE BEING PERSECUTED BY
HYNKEL.
STORMTROOPERS ARE ATTACKING THE JEWISH GHETTO.
THE BARBER IS HELPED BY A YOUNG LADY NAMED HANNAH.
HANNAH IS PLAYED BY PAULETTE GODDARD WHO WAS
MARRIED TO CHARLIE CHAPLIN WHEN THE MOVIE WAS
FILMED.
CHAPLIN WANTED TO BEGIN FILMING ABOUT TWO YEARS
BEFORE HE ACTUALLY STARTED.
HE WAS TALKED INTO DELAYING HIS PRODUCTION BY
JOSPEPH P. KENNEDY (JOHN KENNEDY’S FATHER).
GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS AND HOLLYWOOD STUDIO
OFFICIALS DID NOT WANT A FILM MAKING FUN OF HITLER.
THEY STILL BELIEVED IN A POLICY CALLED APPEASMENT AND
GERMANY WAS A HUGE FILM MARKET.
APPEASEMENT IS A DIPLOMATIC POLICY AIMED AT AVOIDING
WAR BY MAKING CONCESSIONS TO ANOTHER COUNTRY.
BRITISH PRIME MINISTER NEVILLE CHAMBERLAIN USED THIS
POLICY WHEN DEALING WITH HITLER IN THE 1930’S.
CHAPLIN AGREED TO POSTPONE PRODUCTION.
HE STARTED IN SEPTEMBER OF 1939 ABOUT A WEEK BEFORE
GERMANY INVADED POLAND TO START WORLD WAR II.
WHILE CHAPLIN KNEW HITLER WAS A RUTHLESS MAN, HE
HAD NO IDEA OF THE PERSECUTION JEWS WERE ENDURING IN
GERMANY.
HE IS BELIEVED THAT HE WOULD HAVE ALTERED HIS FILM IF
HE HAD KNOWN WHAT HITLER WAS ACTUALLY DOING.
IT IS SAID THAT HITLER VIEWED THE FILM TWICE.

				
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posted:11/11/2011
language:English
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