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									Telecommunications Distribution Design Guide
      Telecommunications Infrastructure Standards – Revision 3




                                 Central Washington University




                                                      June 1, 2005



      Prepared by:
                     Central Washington University

      Approved by:
                     Central Washington University

      Released by:
                     Central Washington University
                                                                                              TABLE OF CONTENTS



TABLE OF CONTENTS
1     PREFACE............................................................................................................4
    1.1   LOW VOLTAGE SYSTEMS ..................................................................................... 4
      1.1.1     SHARED OSP PATHWAY
      1.1.2     SHARED OSP MEDIA
      1.1.3     SHARED ISP PATHWAY AND MEDIA
    1.2       DOCUMENT INTENT ........................................................................................... 6
    1.3       DOCUMENT STRUCTURE ...................................................................................... 9
    1.4       EXTENTS-OF-CONSTRUCTION ............................................................................. 10
    1.5       CWU PERSONNEL ........................................................................................... 11
    1.6       TELECOMMUNICATIONS DISTRIBUTION DESIGNERS .................................................... 11
    1.7       CONTRACTORS AND CABLING INSTALLERS .............................................................. 11
2     CWU TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICIES ..........................................................12
    2.1  CWU PERSONNEL ........................................................................................... 13
      2.1.1      TEAM STRUCTURE
      2.1.2      CWU PERSONNEL INSTALLATIONS
    2.2       INITIATING NEW PROJECTS – GENERAL ................................................................. 14
      2.2.1      NEW CONSTRUCTION
      2.2.2      RENOVATION TO EXISTING STRUCTURES
      2.2.3      UPGRADING TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE TO SUPPORT NEW TECHNOLOGY
      2.2.4      UPGRADING TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE TO MEET NEW STANDARDS
      2.2.5      INFRASTRUCTURE TO SUPPORT OTHER AGENCIES AT CWU FACILITIES
      2.2.6      DAMAGE TO EXISTING TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
    2.3       INITIATING NEW PROJECTS - SPECIFIC .................................................................. 15
      2.3.1      UNDERGROUND PATHWAY USE
      2.3.2      OUTSIDE PLANT FIBER OPTIC CABLING
      2.3.3      OUTSIDE PLANT COPPER CABLING – VOICE/DATA
      2.3.4      OUTSIDE PLANT CABLING – OTHER LOW VOLTAGE SYSTEMS
      2.3.5      COMPUTER CENTER
      2.3.6      TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOM WORK
      2.3.7      HORIZONTAL CABLING
    2.4       PROCUREMENT AND INSTALLATION POLICY .............................................................. 17
      2.4.1      PROCUREMENT POLICY FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY EQUIPMENT
    2.5       LARGE TELECOMMUNICATIONS PROJECTS ............................................................... 19
      2.5.1      DESIGN PHILOSOPHY
    2.6       SMALL TELECOMMUNICATIONS PROJECTS ............................................................... 20
    2.7       REVIEWING TELECOMMUNICATIONS DESIGNS .......................................................... 21
      2.7.1      ALTERNATIVE DESIGN REQUESTS (ADR)
      2.7.2      DESIGN REVIEW PROCESS
    2.8       TELECOMMUNICATIONS OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE............................................... 21
      2.8.1      CWU TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE RESPONSIBILITIES
      2.8.2      SERVICE PROVIDER RESPONSIBILITIES
      2.8.3      AMP NETCONNECT® DESIGN & INSTALLATION CERTIFICATION
      2.8.4      CORNING CABLE SYSTEMS’ EXTENDED WARRANTY PROGRAM
      2.8.5      MOVES, ADDS, AND CHANGES
      2.8.6      ELECTRICAL POWER IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOMS
      2.8.7      TELECOMMUNICATIONS ADMINISTRATION
    2.9       COMM TEAM MEETINGS .................................................................................... 25
3     PROJECT PROCEDURES ....................................................................................26
    3.1   DESIGNER QUALIFICATIONS ............................................................................... 26
    3.2   DESIGN REVIEW PROCESS ................................................................................. 27
      3.2.1      RCDD REVIEW CONSULTANT
    3.3       ARCHITECT/ENGINEER TEAMS............................................................................. 33
      3.3.1      CROSS DISCIPLINE COORDINATION
    3.4       GENERAL PROCEDURES ..................................................................................... 34
      3.4.1      PROCUREMENT AND INSTALLATION
      3.4.2      CAD FILES

                                                                  1
                                                                                              TABLE OF CONTENTS



      3.4.3     ALTERNATIVE DESIGN REQUEST (ADR)
    3.5       PROCEDURES RELATED TO PROJECT PHASES ............................................................ 37
      3.5.1     SCHEMATIC DESIGN AND FIELDWORK
      3.5.2     DESIGN DEVELOPMENT
      3.5.3     CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTS
      3.5.4     BIDDING
      3.5.5     CONSTRUCTION OBSERVATION
      3.5.6     POST-CONSTRUCTION
4     DESIGN CRITERIA ...........................................................................................42
    4.1   CODES, STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS ................................................................ 43
    4.2   PRINCIPLES OF TRANSMISSION ........................................................................... 43
    4.3   ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY ...................................................................... 43
      4.3.1    TELECOMMUNICATIONS & EQUIPMENT ROOMS
      4.3.2    INSIDE PLANT PROXIMITY TO SOURCES OF EMI
      4.3.3    OUTSIDE PLANT PROXIMITY TO SOURCES OF EMI
    4.4      WORK AREAS ................................................................................................ 44
      4.4.1    DEVICE BOX CONSIDERATIONS
    4.5      HORIZONTAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS ................................................................... 46
      4.5.1    HORIZONTAL PATHWAY SYSTEMS
      4.5.2    HORIZONTAL CABLING SYSTEMS
    4.6      BACKBONE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS ..................................................................... 55
      4.6.1    INTRA-BUILDING BACKBONE PATHWAYS
      4.6.2    INTRA-BUILDING BACKBONE CABLING
      4.6.3    INTER-BUILDING (CAMPUS) BACKBONE PATHWAYS
      4.6.4    CAMPUS CABLING
    4.7      TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOMS AND ENCLOSURES ..................................................... 72
      4.7.1    TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOM LOCATION
      4.7.2    TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOM SIZING
      4.7.3    ARCHITECTURAL PROVISIONING
      4.7.4    ENVIRONMENTAL PROVISIONING
      4.7.5    FLOOR-STANDING EQUIPMENT RACKS AND CABINETS
      4.7.6    POWER REQUIREMENTS
      4.7.7    GROUNDING, BONDING, AND ELECTRICAL PROTECTION
    4.8      EQUIPMENT ROOMS ......................................................................................... 80
      4.8.1    EQUIPMENT ROOM LOCATION
      4.8.2    EQUIPMENT ROOM SIZING
      4.8.3    ARCHITECTURAL PROVISIONING
      4.8.4    ENVIRONMENTAL PROVISIONING
      4.8.5    FLOOR-STANDING EQUIPMENT RACKS
      4.8.6    TELECOMMUNICATIONS CABINETS
      4.8.7    POWER REQUIREMENTS
      4.8.8    GROUNDING, BONDING, AND ELECTRICAL PROTECTION
    4.9      TELECOMMUNICATIONS ENTRANCE FACILITIES & TERMINATION ..................................... 85
    4.10 GROUNDING BONDING AND ELECTRICAL PROTECTION ................................................ 86
    4.11 FIRESTOPPING ............................................................................................... 87
    4.12 FIELD TESTING .............................................................................................. 87
    4.13 SPECIAL DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS ...................................................................... 88
    4.14 TELECOMMUNICATIONS ADMINISTRATION ............................................................... 88
      4.14.1   IDENTIFICATION STRATEGY
    4.15 DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT ................................................ 91
    4.16 POWER DISTRIBUTION ..................................................................................... 91
    4.17 RESIDENTIAL CABLING ..................................................................................... 92
    4.18 NETWORKING FUNDAMENTALS ............................................................................ 92
    4.19 BUILDING AUTOMATION SYSTEMS ........................................................................ 92
    4.20 PRIVATE CATV DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS ................................................................ 93
      4.20.1   ADMINISTRATIVE/ACADEMIC CABLE TELEVISION SERVICES
      4.20.2   STUDENT CABLE TELEVISION SERVICES
    4.21 OVERHEAD PAGING SYSTEMS ............................................................................. 93
    4.22 WIRELESS AND MICROWAVE SYSTEMS ................................................................... 93

                                                                 2
                                                                                              TABLE OF CONTENTS



5     CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENT CONTENT ............................................................95
    5.1  PLANS AND DIAGRAMS ..................................................................................... 95
      5.1.1     GENERAL
      5.1.2     OUTSIDE PLANT TELECOMMUNICATIONS SITE PLAN DRAWINGS
      5.1.3     INSIDE PLANT TELECOMMUNICATIONS PLAN DRAWINGS
      5.1.4     DEMOLITION
      5.1.5     TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOM PLAN DETAILS
      5.1.6     ELEVATION DIAGRAMS
      5.1.7     INTRA-BUILDING BACKBONE SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS
    5.2       PROJECT MANUAL ........................................................................................... 98
      5.2.1     SPECIFICATIONS
      5.2.2     MAINTENANCE HOLE/HANDHOLE BUTTERFLY DIAGRAMS
      5.2.3     CUTOVER PLAN
      5.2.4     FIBER LINK-LOSS BUDGET ANALYSIS
    5.3       RECORD DRAWINGS AND DOCUMENTATION ........................................................... 100
6     APPENDIX ..................................................................................................... 101
    6.1   SAMPLE REVIEW COMMENT REPORT .................................................................... 101
    6.2   SAMPLE BUTTERFLY DIAGRAM ........................................................................... 102
    6.3   SAMPLE BACKBONE SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM ............................................................ 104
    6.4   SAMPLE TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOM PLAN DETAIL ................................................ 105
    6.5   SAMPLE RACK ELEVATION DETAIL ...................................................................... 106
    6.6   SAMPLE WALL ELEVATION DETAIL ...................................................................... 107
    6.7   SAMPLE FIBER OPTIC LINK-LOSS BUDGET ANALYSIS ................................................ 108
    6.8   GLOSSARY.................................................................................................. 110
INDEX ................................................................................................................. 119




                                                                  3
                                                                                    PREFACE
                                                                              LOW VOLTAGE SYSTEMS




1   PREFACE

      A.      The Telecommunications Distribution Design Guide (TDDG) is written to
              communicate the requirements of Central Washington University (CWU) for
              the design and installation of telecommunications distribution systems at
              CWU facilities.
               The TDDG is written for an audience of Architects, Engineers and
                  Designers who are responsible for the design of new or remodeled facilities
                  for CWU where telecommunications infrastructure currently exists or will
                  be installed.
               It is also intended for other low voltage telecommunications Contractors
                  installing telecommunications infrastructure at CWU facilities.
               This document also applies to infrastructure designed and installed by
                  CWU staff, when a formal design is not developed.

      B.      Telecommunications distribution systems designed for CWU are expected to
              support and integrate voice, data, and video telecommunications with
              common media (fiber optic and unshielded twisted pair (UTP) copper cable).

      C.      This document was originally adapted (in 1997) from information contained in
              the telecommunications standards in use at that time for CWU’s Academic
              facilities. Under the current revision (2005), it has been again updated to
              reflect current methods, materials and Standards. The TDDG reflects CWU
              and Industry Standards in effect as of this publication, including CWU’s
              Strategic Plan of the Information Technology Services Department (April
              2004).

      D.      It is the responsibility of the telecommunications distribution Designer to
              coordinate with the other Designers on a project (architectural, electrical,
              mechanical, etc.) to determine that other systems are both compatible with
              and complementary to the telecommunications cabling system. It is critical to
              coordinate between disciplines during the design phase of a project, rather
              than making adjustments in the field during construction.


1.1 LOW VOLTAGE SYSTEMS

      Wherever practical, telecommunications pathway and cabling systems designed for
      CWU facilities are expected to support and integrate Building Automation Systems
      (low voltage systems) that convey information within and between buildings.
      Telecommunications infrastructure shall be designed in accordance with the
      requirements in ANSI/TIA/EIA 862 – Building Automation Systems Cabling Standard
      for Commercial Buildings, and the requirements in this document, to support the
      Ethernet telecommunications channels on low-voltage devices. Throughout this
      document, references to ―low voltage systems‖ shall include those referenced in
      ANSI/TIA/EIA 862, and shall be subject to specific requirements in that standard and
      as discussed below:



                                                 4
                                                                                  PREFACE
                                                                                DOCUMENT INTENT




1.1.1 SHARED OSP PATHWAY

     The common outside plant (OSP) telecommunications pathway infrastructure is
     intended for shared use by the following low-voltage systems, in addition to voice
     and data systems:

         Building Automation Systems                    Fire Alarm Systems
         Closed Circuit Television Systems (Analog)     Security Systems
         Video Systems (Digital)                         o Access Control Systems
         Energy Management Systems                       o Alarm Systems
         Environmental Control Systems                  PLC Control Systems

1.1.2 SHARED OSP MEDIA

     The common OSP telecommunications media (cabling) shall be 62.5/125 micron
     multimode fiber optic cable, singlemode fiber optic cable and 24 AWG unshielded
     twisted pair (UTP) copper cable (Category 3-rated). The common OSP
     telecommunications media is intended for shared use by the following low-voltage
     systems, in addition to voice and data systems:

         Building Automation Systems                    Fire Alarm Systems
         Video Systems (Digital)                        Security Systems
         Energy Management Systems                       o Access Control Systems
         Environmental Control Systems                   o Alarm Systems
                                                         PLC Control Systems

1.1.3 SHARED ISP PATHWAY AND MEDIA

     The common inside plant telecommunications media shall be 62.5/125 micron
     multimode fiber optic cable and 24 AWG UTP copper cable (Category 6-rated). The
     common inside plant (ISP) telecommunications pathway is intended for shared use
     and the common ISP telecommunications media is intended for separate use by the
     following low-voltage systems, in addition to voice and data systems:

         Building Automation Systems                    Fire Alarm Systems
         Video Systems (Digital)                        Security Systems
         Energy Management Systems                       o Access Control Systems
         Environmental Control Systems                   o Alarm Systems
                                                         PLC Control Systems

     Inside plant telecommunications infrastructure intended to support Ethernet
     telecommunications (or other similar protocols for security and fire alarm systems)
     shall be designed in accordance with the inside plant telecommunications
     infrastructure requirements in this document. However, due to the critical nature of
     these systems, inside plant pathway and cabling serving these systems shall typically
     homerun to a Mechanical Room or other Low Voltage Electronics Room rather than to
     a common shared telecommunications rooms.

     Where low-voltage systems require different media (other than fiber optic cabling
     and 24 AWG UTP) the systems shall be designed to comply with the pathway and
     space requirements of this document wherever practical.

                                               5
                                                                                                  PREFACE
                                                                                                DOCUMENT INTENT




1.2 DOCUMENT INTENT
                                                                   1
     A.      CWU has standardized on the ANSI/TIA/EIA Commercial Building
             Telecommunications Standards series and has adopted the BICSI
                                                                               2

             Telecommunications Distribution Methods Manual (TDMM), the BICSI
             Customer-Owned Outside Plant Design Manual (CO-OSP) and the BICSI
             Telecommunications Cabling Installation Manual (TCIM) as the basis for
             telecommunications distribution design in CWU facilities. The CWU TDDG is
             the guide to the application of the ANSI/TIA/EIA Standards, the BICSI TDMM,
             the BICSI CO-OSP and the BICSI TCIM to the unique circumstances present in
             CWU facilities and projects. See Figure 1 below for further information.

     B.      The TDDG is intended to be used in conjunction with the TDMM and CO-OSP
             in order to reinforce selected TDMM content as well as highlight any
             restrictions and/or limitations on TDMM and CO-OSP content in order to meet
             the specific requirements of CWU facilities. The TDDG is not intended to
             replace or detract from the TDMM or CO-OSP.

     C.      The TDDG is not intended to serve as a master specification nor for stand-
             alone use on design build projects. This document should serve as a guide for
             making standards-compliant design decisions that, in due course, will be
             reflected in a project specification based upon CWU’s Telecommunications
             Construction Guide Specification (TCGS).

                 Designers shall adapt the TCGS ―as written‖ for creating specifications for
                  a particular project according to the instructions in the TDDG. In other
                  words, Designers shall use the electronic specification section documents
                  (provided by CWU in MSWord format) and then shall make any project-
                  specific edits to the specifications in those documents. Any changes to the
                  specifications shall be done using the ―Revision Tracking‖ features in
                  MSWord.

                 Rewriting the TCGS or modifying the format structure or requirements will
                  not be accepted.

     D.      In addition to the telecommunications specifications for a project, plan
             drawings and schematic diagrams shall also be produced by the Designer, in
             conformance to the guidelines contained in the TDDG.

     E.      The following diagram depicts the relationships between the ANSI/TIA/EIA
             Standards, the BICSI Design Guidelines, the CWU documents (TDDG, TCGS)
             and the project-specific Construction Documents. Telecommunications
             distribution infrastructure at CWU facilities shall be designed based on the
             BICSI design guidelines (the TDMM, the CO-OSP and the TCIM) and compliant


     1
       Effective December 29, 2000, The Washington State Department of Information Systems has mandated
     that all Washington State Agencies adopt the ANSI/TIA/EIA Commercial Building Telecommunications
     Standards as the basis for telecommunications distribution design in State facilities (see Computing and
     Telecommunications Architecture Standards – Building Wiring, http://www.wa.gov/dis/portfolio/ ).
     2
      The BICSI TDMM is widely considered to be the industry reference text for the design of standards-
     compliant telecommunications distribution systems (see http://www.bicsi.org/manuals.htm ). BICSI,
     8610 Hidden River Pkwy, Tampa, FL 33637-1000 USA; 1-800-242-7405; http://www.bicsi.org
                                                        6
                                                                                               PREFACE
                                                                                             DOCUMENT INTENT




     with the ANSI/TIA/EIA Standards as applied by and illustrated in the CWU
     TDDG.



     CWU Telecommunications Design Process
                                 Contract Documents for a Project

                             Drawings                      Specifications




                                                                   CWU
                                                           Telecommunications
                                                            Construction Guide
                                                           Specification (TCGS)
                                                           CSI          BICSI TCIM
                                          Design Process

                                   CWU
            Telecommunications Distribution Design Guide (TDDG)
           (CWU Policies, Project Procedures, Design Criteria, Contract Document Content)



                              BICSI Design Guidelines
                                                                                  CWU
                Telecommunications                 Customer-Owned               Practice &
            Distribution Methods Manual       Outside Plant Design Manual       Experience
                       (TDMM)                          (CO-OSP)



                         Industry Standards
                                                                  Industry
                            ANSI/TIA/EIA                         Practice &
                568-B, 569-A, 606, 607, 758 and others           Experience
                           ISO/IEC 11801



                                             FIGURE 1


F.   The TDDG provides guidelines for telecommunications distribution system
     design for use within a building and between buildings on a contiguous site
     for all telecommunications, low voltage and signal systems as related to:
      Telecommunications Spaces – Entrance facilities, equipment rooms and
         telecommunications rooms
      Intra-building Backbone Distribution – Pathway and raceway
         requirements, telecommunications media requirements
      Horizontal Distribution – Pathway and raceway requirements,
         telecommunications and low voltage media requirements, requirements
         for special work areas



                                                  7
                                                                           PREFACE
                                                                         DOCUMENT INTENT




        Outside Plant Backbone Distribution – maintenance holes, handholes,
         ductbanks, ducts (conduits), telecommunications and low voltage media
         requirements

G.   This document provides directions for making standards-compliant design
     decisions that will, in due course be reflected in Construction Documents. The
     Construction Documents for a project will be comprised of drawings and a
     system specification that properly incorporates telecommunications
     infrastructure within a project. The TDDG shall be used in conjunction with
     the TCGS. Drawings shall conform to the guidelines contained in this
     document for content and completeness, and the specifications shall be based
     upon the TCGS.

H.   The TDDG uses many terms and abbreviations that are common in the
     telecommunications industry. While a glossary is included in the Appendix at
     the end of this document, please refer also to of the Glossary in the BICSI
     TDMM and also the Glossary section at the end of the BICSI CO-OSP for
     further information.

I.   Adherence to and compliance with the codes, standards and industry practices
     listed below, along with the CWU requirements contained in this document, is
     mandatory.
      Washington State Rules and Regulations for Installing Electrical Wires and
          Equipment (RCW 19.28, WAC 296-46 and WAC 296-401A)
      Washington State Department of Labor and Industries Safety Standards
          for General Safety and Health (WAC 296-24 Volume 1 Part L)
      National Electrical Safety Code, American National Standard C2
      National Electrical Code, NFPA 70
      ANSI/TIA/EIA 568-B series – Commercial Building Telecommunications
          Standards
      ANSI/TIA/EIA 569-B series – Commercial Building Telecommunications
          Standards Pathways and Spaces
      ANSI/TIA/EIA 606-A series – Administration Standard for Commercial
          Telecommunications Infrastructure
      ANSI/TIA/EIA 607-A series – Commercial Building Grounding (Earthing)
          and Bonding Requirements for Telecommunications
      ANSI/TIA/EIA 758 series – Customer-Owned Outside Plant
          Telecommunications Cabling Standard
      Fiber Optic Test Standards, TIA/EIA 455 (Series)
      Optical Fiber Systems Test Procedures, TIA/EIA 526 (Series)
      Local Area Network Ethernet Standard, IEEE 802.3 (Series)

J.   All references to the following manuals within the TDDG and TCGS shall
     specifically address only the editions specified below. Newer editions shall be
     used for reference until authorized by CWU in writing or through a revised
     edition of the TDDG:
      BICSI Telecommunications Distribution Methods Manual (10TH Edition)
      BICSI Customer-Owned Outside Plant Design Manual (2nd Edition)
      BICSI Telecommunications Cabling Installation Manual (3rd Edition)

K.   Requests to deviate from the CWU requirements may be submitted on a case-
     by-case basis, in accordance with the instructions in the Project Procedures
                                        8
                                                                                    PREFACE
                                                                               DOCUMENT STRUCTURE




            section of this document. No deviation from the requirements of the National
            Electrical Code will be allowed. For further information regarding codes and
            standards, please refer to Chapter 1 in the BICSI TDMM as well as the BICSI
            CO-OSP Bibliography.

     L.     The requirements contained in the TDDG are considered to be in addition to
            those listed in Instructions for Architects and Engineers Doing Business with
            Division of Engineering and Architectural Services and the State of
            Washington Conditions of the Agreement. Where the requirements differ, the
            issue shall be brought to the attention of the CWU Project Manager -
            otherwise the more stringent requirement shall apply.


1.3 DOCUMENT STRUCTURE

     The TDDG is organized in six sections:

            1.   Preface
            2.   CWU Policies
            3.   Project Procedures
            4.   Design Criteria
            5.   Construction Document Content
            6.   Appendices

     A.     The Preface (this section) describes this document, its intent and its
            relationship to industry standards, practices and the various audiences
            affected by the document. It also describes how to use this document.

     B.     The CWU Policies section describes internal CWU telecommunications
            policies, requirements, standard practices and processes for designing,
            installing and operating telecommunications infrastructure.

     C.     The Project Procedures section describes the required qualifications for
            telecommunications Designers as well as the procedures that Designers must
            follow when working on telecommunications infrastructure projects at CWU
            facilities. It includes activities that are required throughout the project as
            well as phase-specific requirements.

     D.     The Design Criteria section serves two purposes. The first is to describe the
            general requirements for CWU telecommunications infrastructure along with
            the typical features required for different categories of building spaces and
            construction types. The second purpose is to place limitations on the
            materials and methods described in the BICSI TDMM and CO-OSP. While the
            TDMM and CO-OSP describe many materials and methods that are generally
            accepted in the industry for providing telecommunications infrastructure, CWU
            facilities have some unique characteristics that impose limitations on some of
            the materials and methods that otherwise might be acceptable. Some of the
            practices discussed in the TDMM and CO-OSP are expressly prohibited in CWU
            facilities. Other practices are permitted in certain areas (residential halls, for
            example) but prohibited in other areas such as academic buildings.



                                                9
                                                                                           PREFACE
                                                                                 EXTENTS-OF-CONSTRUCTION




             Generally speaking, if the BICSI TDMM and CO-OSP do not describe a
             particular material or method for use with telecommunications
             distribution infrastructure, it will not be allowed for CWU facilities. In
             addition, the CWU TDDG places further restrictions on the use of some
             materials and methods that the BICSI design guidelines support.

     E.      The Construction Document Content section defines the minimum level of
             detail that CWU requires to be present in the telecommunications portion of
             the Construction Documents for a project. In this section, the required types
             of details along with the content in the details are both described. This
             section also briefly describes how to use the TCGS for producing the
             specification for a particular project. More detailed instructions for producing
             a project specification based on the TCGS are included with the TCGS.

     F.      The Appendices section provides standard forms and diagrams along with
             example forms and diagrams that are required for CWU telecommunications
             infrastructure designs.


1.4 EXTENTS-OF-CONSTRUCTION

     For the purposes of this document, construction projects are categorized by the
     extent of the construction work, as follows:

          Extent of Construction       Definition
            Telecommunications-only   Projects involving minor remodeling to create
                                       telecommunications spaces and the installation of
                                       telecommunications infrastructure
            Light Remodel             An existing building undergoing minor or cosmetic
                                       remodeling, typically not including significant spatial
                                       changes
            Full Remodel              An existing building undergoing extensive remodeling,
                                       frequently including reallocation of internal spaces
            New Construction          A new building or new utility infrastructure

     Unless otherwise stated, the guidelines defined in the TDDG apply to all four extents
     of construction.

     The Designer shall assume that adherence to BICSI guidelines, referenced industry
     standards, the TDDG and the TCGS are required (unless specifically indicated
     otherwise) for all facility types and for all extents-of-construction. Where exceptions
     are permitted, this document will specifically note the facility type and/or extent-of-
     construction type where CWU’s requirements may differ from generally applicable
     practices and standards.

     Adherence to applicable code is always required.




                                                 10
                                                                                  PREFACE
                                                                                 CWU PERSONNEL




1.5 CWU PERSONNEL

     A.     The CWU Telecommunications Policy section of this document applies
            specifically to CWU personnel. In addition to the CWU Telecommunications
            Policy section, CWU personnel should be aware of the instructions,
            requirements and guidelines for Designers contained in the other sections of
            this document. Also, the TCGS contains additional requirements related to
            telecommunications distribution system materials and installation methods
            applicable at CWU facilities.

     B.     CWU personnel should be familiar with these requirements with respect to
            their application on both large-scale telecommunications distribution projects
            and small-scale ―moves/adds/changes‖ projects. These requirements also
            apply to in-house operations and maintenance of existing telecommunications
            distribution systems.


1.6 TELECOMMUNICATIONS DISTRIBUTION DESIGNERS

     Telecommunications distribution designers shall be responsible to apply the
     guidelines, instructions and requirements in this document along with the ―hidden-
     text‖ guidelines contained in the TCGS, in the course of designing
     telecommunications distribution infrastructure at CWU facilities.


1.7 CONTRACTORS AND CABLING INSTALLERS

     Contractors and cabling installers involved in projects without a formal engineering
     and design process shall be fluent with and adhere to the requirements of this
     document and also the requirements for telecommunications distribution system
     materials and installation methods contained in the TCGS.




                                               11
                                                       CWU TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICIES
                                                                       CONTRACTORS AND CABLING INSTALLERS



2   CWU TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICIES

      The TDDG has been prepared pursuant to Goal #2 / Objective #7 of CWU’s Strategic
      Plan of the Information Technology Services (ITS) Department (April 2004),
      regarding the documentation of ITS’ procedures and standards for reference by CWU
      personnel.

      This section describes internal CWU telecommunications policies, requirements,
      standard practices and processes associated with designing, installing, and
      maintaining and operating telecommunications infrastructure. It is directed toward
      an audience of CWU staff, including Information Technology Services (ITS)
      personnel, Facilities Planning & Construction Services (FP&CS) personnel, building
      maintenance personnel, and any others that may be involved in the design,
      installation, or maintenance and operation of telecommunications infrastructure at a
      CWU facility.

      CWU also operates, occupies, shares or constructs facilities jointly with other
      academic institutions, such as Washington State University, and Yakima Valley
      Community College. CWU ITS staff, in conjunction with the CWU Assistant to Provost
      for University Centers and Community College Relations shall specifically identify
      when, and to what extent, the TDDG applies to personnel involved in a joint project
      with another institution.

      A.     CWU personnel designing telecommunications infrastructure for CWU facilities
             shall follow the requirements in this document and in the TCGS.

      B.     Input from CWU ITS must be incorporated in developing the initial and on-
             going construction schedules. This input is especially important when an
             early or phased turn-up of buildings is required, but is also vital for the initial
             start-up of a new facility. Timing on the construction of the main
             telecommunications room and building, and the backbone cable plant
             connecting it to key buildings, is a vital consideration for bringing key
             buildings online at required dates.

      C.     Management of CWU’s Enterprise Network is the responsibility of the ITS
             staff. This includes network design, operations, performance monitoring,
             optimization, troubleshooting, and disaster recovery. The ITS staff is also
             responsible for the planning and development of operational and design
             standards for local area networks (LANs) at all CWU facilities, including the
             telecommunications infrastructure.

      D.     CWU’s ITS staff is responsible for installation and support of LAN hardware,
             software, data telecommunications and voice systems for both
             administrative/academic and residential telephones, and certain enterprise
             network hardware and software.

      E.     Acquisition of IT services, hardware, software, and related products is the
             responsibility of CWU’s ITS staff. IT acquisition rules, licensing agreements,
             and contracts fall under the authority of the Washington State Department of
             Information Services (DIS), with very detailed authority delegated to CWU.
             CWU’s ITS staff who acquire IT goods and services are accountable for
             ensuring that the procurements meet CWU technology standards and that the

                                                  12
                                                    CWU TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICIES
                                                                                 CWU PERSONNEL

             acquisition process is conducted in compliance with CWU policy, delegated
             authority, and statutory requirements.


2.1 CWU PERSONNEL


2.1.1 TEAM STRUCTURE

      CWU requires the following personnel to work closely (as a team) with the architects,
      engineers and designers throughout the entire project life cycle, starting at the
      preliminary design phase:
          o CWU ITS Telecom Manager
          o CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist
          o CWU FP&CS Project Manager
          o Local Site Representative (for branch campus projects)
          o A designated CWU staff member serving as a project RCDD (if one is assigned
             to the project)

2.1.1.1 CWU ITS Telecom Manager

      The CWU ITS Telecom Manager’s responsibilities are to:
         o Coordinate ITS infrastructure-related communication on capital projects.
         o Ensure that relevant CWU management and specialized technical staff are
            informed and involved on all telecommunications-related aspects of a project
            (design, construction, support, and maintenance).
         o Ensure that installed telecommunications infrastructure meets CWU
            standards.
         o Ensure that the requirements of the TDDG and TCGS are enforced.

2.1.1.2 CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist

      The CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist is responsible:
         o For all telecommunications infrastructure issues relating to CWU facilities.
         o To review and coordinate all telecommunication infrastructure activities.
         o To review and critique all telecommunication infrastructure designs.
         o To review and provide written comments on Alternative Design Requests.
         o To ensure that the requirements of the TDDG and TCGS are enforced.

2.1.2 CWU PERSONNEL INSTALLATIONS

      A.     CWU personnel who install telecommunications infrastructure at CWU facilities
             must be familiar with the requirements of this document. They must also be
             familiar with and have a current copy of both ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-B & 569-A.

      B.     Telecommunications pathway work (both inside plant and outside plant),
             when performed by CWU personnel, will require the prior approval of the CWU
             ITS Infrastructure Specialist. Prior to constructing telecommunications
             pathway, an RCDD shall be contracted to prepare drawings and specifications
             for the project. The RCDD shall also be contracted to periodically observe the
             work while in progress, and upon completion, providing written observation
             reports following each visit. The RCDD shall also be contracted to produce as-
             built drawings bearing the RCDD’s logo stamp and signature.



                                               13
                                                    CWU TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICIES
                                                                     INITIATING NEW PROJECTS – GENERAL

     C.     Use of an RCDD is required for all telecommunications infrastructure work
            performed by CWU personnel. In the case of horizontal distribution pathway
            (inside plant conduit), the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist may agree to
            waive this requirement for the design documentation, engineered
            specifications, and construction observation on a case-by-case basis, or may
            serve as the RCDD if they hold the designation. The waiver request must be
            submitted in writing to the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist. This waiver
            cannot be granted for outside plant telecommunications pathway or
            telecommunications maintenance hole/handhole work.


2.2 INITIATING NEW PROJECTS – GENERAL

     The following information is provided as guidance to any CWU department desiring
     telecommunications or low voltage additions to facilities, or who will be involved in
     projects requiring such infrastructure.

2.2.1 NEW CONSTRUCTION

     New construction projects shall include telecommunications infrastructure designed
     and installed in accordance with the requirements of this document.

2.2.2 RENOVATION TO EXISTING STRUCTURES

     CWU facilities undergoing full remodel or light remodel projects shall incorporate
     telecommunications infrastructure in the project, designed and installed in
     accordance with the requirements of this document. The CWU ITS Infrastructure
     Specialist shall be included in the initial development of the project scope to
     determine the extent of any required telecommunications infrastructure upgrades.

2.2.3 UPGRADING TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE TO SUPPORT NEW
      TECHNOLOGY

     CWU will occasionally install new information technology systems at a facility where
     the existing telecommunications infrastructure is inadequate for the new application.
     It is the responsibility of the organization sponsoring the installation of the new
     technology to ensure that the telecommunications infrastructure is capable of
     supporting the new technology. If the existing infrastructure is not capable of
     supporting the new technology, that organization is responsible to ensure that the
     infrastructure is upgraded. Any upgrades made to the telecommunications
     infrastructure shall meet the requirements of this document.

2.2.4 UPGRADING TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE TO MEET NEW
      STANDARDS

     There is not necessarily a requirement to upgrade existing telecommunications
     infrastructure at any CWU facility simply to meet industry standards or the
     requirements of this document. However, the CWU ITS Senior Director may require
     infrastructure upgrades to correct a code violation, or to meet system performance
     requirements.




                                               14
                                                       CWU TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICIES
                                                                         INITIATING NEW PROJECTS - SPECIFIC

2.2.5 INFRASTRUCTURE TO SUPPORT OTHER AGENCIES AT CWU FACILITIES

      Residence hall telephone and video service are provided on CWU property under
      contract with private companies. As the owner of the property, it is normally
      incumbent on CWU to provide the telecommunications infrastructure to support other
      agencies at CWU facilities. The terms and conditions for reimbursement of any
      expenses incurred by CWU for providing telecommunications support to other
      agencies will be negotiated and documented in the contract.

2.2.6 DAMAGE TO EXISTING TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE

      A.       Construction, maintenance and other activities may result in damage to
               existing telecommunications infrastructure, including cabling.

      B.       In the event of damage to telecommunications infrastructure, regardless of
               the cause or party responsible, CWU staff shall immediately contact the CWU
               ITS Telecom department, who will determine the repair or replacement
               strategy for the damaged infrastructure.

      C.       The CWU ITS Telecom department shall:
               1. Work with CWU staff to identify any potential methods of emergency,
                  interim repairs.
               2. Identify the steps necessary to assess whether the damaged infrastructure
                  can be repaired or whether it must be replaced.

      D.       The party responsible for the damage to the telecommunications
               infrastructure shall be responsible for the total cost of all emergency, interim
               repairs and all replacement costs.

      All damaged infrastructure shall be restored to within the scope of the original
      design/installation parameters. This shall include, but not be limited to all repair or
      replacement work performed by certified Value Added Resellers (VAR) of CWU’s
      choosing, all testing and recertification of the infrastructure for full compliance to
      CWU’s Telecommunications Standards and applicable SCS warranty.


2.3   INITIATING NEW PROJECTS - SPECIFIC

      All telecommunications infrastructure and substructure activity, regardless of the size
      or scope of the project or quantity of cable involved, must either have prior written
      approval from or include prior notification to the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist in
      order to proceed with the design and/or installation. This includes the following
      types of projects:

           o   New construction
           o   Renovation of existing structures
           o   Upgrading telecommunications infrastructure to support new technology
           o   Upgrading telecommunications infrastructure to meet new standards
           o   Infrastructure to support other agencies or tenants at CWU facilities
           o   All moves, adds and changes (MACs) at CWU facilities, including MAC work
               performed by CWU personnel
           o   Low voltage cabling to support proprietary systems that will use the
               telecommunications infrastructure (pathways and spaces) as identified in
               ANSI/TIA/EIA 862

                                                  15
                                                    CWU TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICIES
                                                                     INITIATING NEW PROJECTS - SPECIFIC

     It is recommended that the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist be consulted prior to
     any planned infrastructure moves, adds, or changes, in order to determine if existing
     infrastructure may be adequate, or if efforts can be coordinated with other planned
     or proposed work. The following specific requirements apply:

2.3.1 UNDERGROUND PATHWAY USE

     Any CWU department that is planning the installation of cabling in the
     telecommunications underground pathway system shall coordinate with FP&CS to
     identify available pathways and make an initial selection of individual conduits to be
     used for the installation. Once conduit selection is complete, the CWU ITS
     Infrastructure Specialist must be notified for review purposes. This coordination is
     intended to assure efficient use of the available pathway prior to installation and
     proper documentation of any new cabling.

2.3.2 OUTSIDE PLANT FIBER OPTIC CABLING

     Any CWU department that is planning the installation of outside plant fiber optic
     cabling in the telecommunications underground pathway system shall seek prior
     written approval from the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist. The request must
     include the following information:
         o Purpose of Fiber (System being served)
         o Type of fiber (SM or MM)
         o Number of strands
         o Type of Connectors
         o Termination Location (Telecommunications Room or other location)
         o Installation Contractor (Required)

     The CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist shall be provided with both paper and
     electronic copies of the fiber test results from the installation Contractor.

2.3.3 OUTSIDE PLANT COPPER CABLING – VOICE/DATA

     Any CWU department that is planning the installation of outside plant copper cabling
     to support voice and/or data in the telecommunications underground pathway
     system shall coordinate the installation with the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist.
     This coordination is intended to assure efficient use of the available pathway prior to
     installation and proper documentation of any new cabling.

2.3.4 OUTSIDE PLANT CABLING – OTHER LOW VOLTAGE SYSTEMS

     Any CWU department that is planning the installation of outside plant cabling to
     support other low voltage (or proprietary) systems in the telecommunications
     underground pathway system shall notify the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist prior
     to the installation. This coordination is intended to assure efficient use of the
     available pathway prior to installation and proper documentation of any new cabling.

2.3.5 COMPUTER CENTER

     Any additional cable or equipment proposed for installation in the Computer Center
     must be approved in writing by the CWU ITS Telecom and Networks department.

     Please refer to the CWU Computer Center Access Policy dated March 1, 2004 for
     requirements to access this space.
                                               16
                                                                CWU TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICIES
                                                                                   PROCUREMENT AND INSTALLATION POLICY

2.3.6 TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOM WORK

     Any CWU department that is planning the installation of cabling or equipment in any
     Telecommunications Room on campus must coordinate the installation with the CWU
     ITS Infrastructure Specialist prior to commencing with work, regardless of the type of
     cabling or equipment to be installed. This coordination is intended to assure efficient
     use of existing space, and to ensure that resources/spaces planned for future
     projects are not inadvertently lost due to other uncoordinated equipment.

2.3.7 HORIZONTAL CABLING

     Any CWU department requiring changes to or additional horizontal infrastructure
     shall contact the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist. No horizontal infrastructure shall
     be installed in any CWU facility without the ITS Infrastructure Specialist’s approval.
     This includes the installation of any other low voltage infrastructure using the
     telecommunications pathway/media.


2.4 PROCUREMENT AND INSTALLATION POLICY

     A.         The primary responsibility for the management and use of information
                systems, telecommunications, and information technology equipment,
                software, and services rests with each state agency head. Equipment is
                defined as machines, devices, and transmission facilities used in information
                processing, such as computers, telephones, and cables. This section
                highlights certain procurement policies applicable to the telecommunications
                infrastructure. Readers should consult the Department of Information
                Services Policy and CWU Policy for the Acquisition and Disposal of Information
                Technology Equipment for complete details.

     B.         There are two general methods used for the procurement and installation of
                the telecommunications infrastructure. In larger construction projects, the
                telecommunications infrastructure installation might either be part of the
                general construction contract or it could be a separate contract.

     C.         Use of the DIS Master Contract is recommended whenever possible. A
                competitive acquisition should be pursued with the Contractors listed on the
                DIS Master Contract web site . The procurement of telecommunications
                                              3

                infrastructure in large construction projects is a combined effort between the
                CWU FP&CS Project Manager and the CWU ITS department.

     The following policies and procedures apply to the planning and management of
     telecommunications infrastructure installation as a separate (non-public works)
     project:

2.4.1 PROCUREMENT POLICY FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY EQUIPMENT

     The Department of Information Services (DIS) manages the Washington State policy
     for the acquisition of information technology equipment. DIS grants CWU a
     delegated level of acquisition authority based on an IT portfolio style strategic plan
     submitted to and approved by DIS and the Washington State Office of Financial
     Management (OFM) on an ongoing basis. All IT projects with total acquisition and
     five year operational costs of $200,000 or more require a written IT Acquisition Plan
     3
         As of this publication, the web site address is: http://techmall.dis.wa.gov/master_contracts/cabling.asp
                                                           17
                                                     CWU TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICIES
                                                                    PROCUREMENT AND INSTALLATION POLICY

      that must have prior approval by CWU ITS Senior Director. Large IT projects with
      total acquisition and five-year operational costs exceeding $1,000,000 require prior
      approval by DIS.

2.4.1.1 CWU Information Technology Services Approval

      In order to achieve consistent and competent technical design in compliance with this
      document and to ensure compliance with DIS procurement requirements, CWU
      acquisitions and installations of telecommunications infrastructure or substructure
      must have the prior approval of CWU ITS department. Requests for approval shall be
      submitted to the ITS Department and will be forwarded to the appropriate internal
      division for action. Requests for approval must include a description of the
      acquisition and installation and identify the following:
      o Source of funding
      o RCDD for design services (if appropriate)
      o RCDD for construction observation services (optional)
      o Structured Cabling System (SCS) cable installer

2.4.1.2 Criteria and Methods for Acquisition

      A.     CWU may acquire information technology (IT) resources in one of the
             following methods:
             o Conducting a new competitive solicitation
             o Using an existing CWU contract or DIS Master Contract
             o Through strategic partnerships
             o Transferring resources from one agency to another
             o In limited cases, through a sole source method

      B.     Typically, the most efficient, cost effective, and preferred method for
             procuring telecommunications infrastructure installation services is through
             the use of the pre-existing DIS Master Contracts for Cabling Equipment,
             Installation and Maintenance.

      C.     For additional methods of acquisition, refer to the Department of Information
             Services Policy for the Acquisition and Disposal of Information Technology
             Equipment.

2.4.1.3 Cabling Infrastructure Materials

      Standardization on a cabling infrastructure product line permits CWU personnel to be
      familiar with the installed infrastructure components at all facilities, and helps them
      to be prepared to handle moves, adds, and changes to the infrastructure in an
      efficient manner. Standardization also ensures that there will be performance
      compatibility with the installed base when additions are made to the infrastructure,
      and that spare parts and components from one facility can be used at other facilities
      as needed. Finally, product standardization allows CWU to benefit from and manage
      consistent warranty coverage throughout campus.

2.4.1.3.1 Copper Cabling

      CWU has standardized on the use of AMP Netconnect® Structured Cabling System
      (SCS) products and currently uses Category 6 rated products for all new cabling
      installations.



                                                18
                                                     CWU TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICIES
                                                                     LARGE TELECOMMUNICATIONS PROJECTS

       The majority of CWU facilities have an installed base of AMP Netconnect® Structured
       Cabling System (SCS) products.

       A.     Where additions are made to existing facilities that currently use AMP
              Netconnect® SCS products (including new buildings on an existing campus)
              the addition shall exclusively use AMP Netconnect® products.

       B.     Where additions are made to existing facilities that currently do not have an
              AMP Netconnect® SCS installation, products from the AMP Netconnect® SCS
              product line shall be used where practical with the eventual goal of
              standardizing on these SCS products. Written requests for exemption from
              using AMP Netconnect® products in these cases must be submitted to the
              CWU ITS Telecom Manager for consideration.

       C.     The telecommunications infrastructure design for new facilities shall be based
              upon the AMP Netconnect® SCS product line.

       D.     Fiber optic related materials from AMP shall not be used on CWU projects.

2.4.1.3.2 Fiber Optic Cabling

       The majority of CWU facilities have an installed base of LANscape® fiber optic
       products from Corning Cable Systems. LANscape® fiber optic products shall be used
       for both outside plant and inside plant fiber optic infrastructure.

2.4.1.3.3 Other Materials

       In addition to the standards listed above, CWU has selected several manufacturers of
       products for telecommunications cabling systems (racks, cable tray, enclosures,
       etc.). These manufacturers and their products are identified in the TCGS. The
       telecommunications distribution designer shall incorporate only these manufacturers
       into the design, and to design a telecommunications distribution system that can be
       implemented using products from these manufacturers.

2.4.1.4 Sole Source Procurement

     Standardization on the AMP Netconnect® SCS product line and the Corning Cable
     Systems product line does not imply that there is a sole source for procurement or
     installation of these products. AMP products and Corning products can be procured
     through multiple supply sources, and installation can be procured through multiple
     AMP Netconnect Design and Installation (ND&I) certified cable installation contractors
     and Corning Cable Systems certified contractors, using competitive solicitations and
     existing contracts. Refer to Section 2.4.1.2 - Criteria and Methods for Acquisition,
     above.


2.5 LARGE TELECOMMUNICATIONS PROJECTS

       Large telecommunications infrastructure installation projects may be standalone
       projects to prepare for the installation of new technology, or a separate project
       concurrently run with a locally managed public works project.




                                                19
                                                   CWU TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICIES
                                                                   SMALL TELECOMMUNICATIONS PROJECTS

2.5.1 DESIGN PHILOSOPHY

     A.    An engineered telecommunications design is required for all new construction,
           major full remodel or light remodeling, including technical specifications and
           drawings to be used as the basis for competitive bidding for the construction
           contract.

     B.    CWU requires the use of Registered Telecommunications Distribution
           Designers (RCDD) to design the telecommunications distribution
           infrastructure for all new construction, major full remodel or light remodeling,
           and major telecommunications upgrades at CWU facilities. The RCDD
           designation is recognized worldwide as a design professional that has met
           specific professional design experience requirements and has successfully
           completed an extensive examination on the subject of telecommunications
           distribution design. RCDDs are employed by architectural and engineering
           firms, and also by telecommunications infrastructure installation Contractors.

     C.    Telecommunications infrastructure shall be designed and installed in
           accordance with applicable codes and industry standards. Due to the unique
           physical characteristics of many CWU facilities, some technical design
           solutions are better suited than others. This document identifies which design
           solutions are appropriate for and approved for common types of buildings and
           areas at CWU facilities.

     D.    Telecommunications infrastructure design shall be incorporated during the
           preliminary design phase of each project. This will provide CWU ITS the
           opportunity to influence the design from the start and address
           telecommunications requirements at appropriate points in the design process.
           It is imperative that the A/E firm and their RCDD work closely with the CWU
           ITS Infrastructure Specialist, the CWU ITS Telecom Manager, and the CWU
           FP&CS Project Manager from the start of each project.


2.6 SMALL TELECOMMUNICATIONS PROJECTS

     A.    Depending on the size and scope of a small project, the CWU ITS Telecom
           Manager, working with FP&CS, will determine whether an engineering firm is
           required to develop a telecommunications distribution design.

     B.    For small projects or installation of additional cabling, a certified AMP
           Netconnect® ND&I contractor can be hired for a limited scope installation.
           The AMP ND&I contractor must be currently listed as a Contractor on the DIS
           Cabling Master Contracts.

           The only alternative to using a certified AMP Netconnect® ND&I contractor
           (for copper cabling installation only) is to use AMP-trained CWU personnel
           under the AMP Netconnect® ―Corporate/Institutional program‖. (See section
           2.8.3 for further information). There shall be no exceptions to this
           requirement.




                                              20
                                                   CWU TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICIES
                                                                 REVIEWING TELECOMMUNICATIONS DESIGNS

2.7 REVIEWING TELECOMMUNICATIONS DESIGNS


2.7.1 ALTERNATIVE DESIGN REQUESTS (ADR)

     A.    Requests to deviate from industry standards or CWU design solutions will be
           considered on a case-by-case basis. Any request to deviate from the
           requirements of the National Electrical Code will not be accepted.

     B.    Requests to apply alternative design solutions shall be submitted to the CWU
           Telecom Manager for consideration. The ADR will follow the review process as
           shown in the flow chart in Section 3.4.3 of this document. Approval will only
           be granted in writing, and must be authorized by the CWU Telecom Manager,
           or CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist. Approval must also be authorized by
           the CWU FP&CS Project Manager if capital funding is involved.

     C.    For more information, see Section 3.4.3, Alternative Design Request in this
           document.

2.7.2 DESIGN REVIEW PROCESS

     A.    The Design Review Process will be conducted by CWU at the following points
           in the design process:
           o Schematic Design
           o Design Development
           o Review Set (99% CD)
           o Construction Documents (100% CD)
           o Record Drawings

     B.    The following people will participate in the Design Review Process:
           o CWU Telecom Manager
           o CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist
           o CWU-selected RCDD Review Consultant (optional)
           o Architect/Engineer (Prime Consultant)
           o Designer
           o CWU FP&CS Project Manager

     C.    For more information, see Design Review Process in this document.


2.8 TELECOMMUNICATIONS OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE


2.8.1 CWU TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE RESPONSIBILITIES

     A.    CWU is responsible for providing a cable pathway from the property line to the
           Entrance Facility (EF). The cable pathway shall be underground conduit, with
           telecommunications maintenance holes and handholes as necessary. Close
           coordination with the different service providers is required to design the
           entrance cable pathway. Some service providers are not willing to share
           conduit or utility poles with another service provider, therefore it is important
           to install one or more spare conduits in the pathway.



                                              21
                                                    CWU TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICIES
                                                           TELECOMMUNICATIONS OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

     B.     The service providers’ technicians will need access to the EF and CWU is
            responsible to coordinate and provide escorts as required.

     C.     CWU is responsible for the installation, maintenance, and troubleshooting of
            all telecommunications equipment and infrastructure from the demarcation
            point throughout the facility.

2.8.2 SERVICE PROVIDER RESPONSIBILITIES

     The service provider is responsible for providing and installing the entrance cable up
     to the demarcation point as well as the termination hardware at the demarcation
     point. In some cases, CWU contracts with the service provider to extend to the
     demarcation point from the EF to another location at the facility. In such cases, the
     service provider is also responsible for maintenance and troubleshooting of the
     extended portion of the cabling and termination hardware. The service provider may
     also be contracted (for an additional charge) to provide troubleshooting and
     maintenance services for CWU-owned equipment.

2.8.3 AMP NETCONNECT® DESIGN & INSTALLATION CERTIFICATION

     A.     CWU copper telecommunications cabling systems are covered by a 25-year
            extended warranty and application performance program. If any portion of
            the warranted copper cabling system fails to perform at its original capacity,
            AMP will provide both labor and materials to restore its performance.

     B.     In order to obtain this warranty coverage, the contractors who perform the
            installation must be certified as AMP Netconnect® Design & Installation
            Certification (ND&I). Contractors who are ND&I certified have met certain
            requirements established by AMP, among which include the AMP-provided
            training courses AMP ACT1, AMP ACT2 and AMP ACT3.

     C.     In order to preserve the AMP warranty, CWU personnel who may be modifying
            warranted telecommunications cabling systems must also be certified by AMP
            under a similar set of requirements. This program is called the AMP
            Netconnect® Corporate/Institutional (C/I) Program, and has the following
            requirements:
            a. An application process including verification of insurance and a signed
                contract.
            b. A minimum of one certified staff member who has attended each of the
                three AMP training courses, or a combination of staff members who have
                collectively attended all three courses. The certified staff members must
                participate actively in each alteration to a warranted cabling system.
                     i. There is no accepted substitution for AMP ACT1.
                    ii. AMP accepts BICSI’s course TT100 in lieu of AMP ACT2.
                   iii. AMP accepts BICSI’s RCDD certification and BICSI’s course DD 102
                        in lieu of AMP ACT3.

     D.     The AMP Netconnect® manufacturer training is mandatory for CWU personnel
            who install, move, or make changes to copper telecommunications cabling
            because the warranty would otherwise be voided. CWU personnel who are
            not certified through AMP ACT1 shall not perform moves, adds, or changes at
            a facility that has AMP Netconnect® SCS cabling installed. Cabling
            installations performed by CWU personnel must be tested in accordance with


                                               22
                                                   CWU TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICIES
                                                          TELECOMMUNICATIONS OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

           the requirements in the TCGS, and may also be inspected by an RCDD as
           discussed in this document.

     E.    CWU personnel who have obtained AMP ACT1 certification but fail to follow
           required practices during move/add/change (MACs) activities may not be
           allowed to perform future installations at CWU facilities. The CWU Telecom
           Manager will notify the CWU person in writing that they are no longer allowed
           to make MACs to copper telecommunications cabling at CWU facilities.

2.8.4 CORNING CABLE SYSTEMS’ EXTENDED WARRANTY PROGRAM

     A.    CWU fiber optic telecommunications cabling systems are covered by Corning
           Cable Systems’ (CCS) 25-year LANscape® Solutions Extended Warranty™
           Program (EWP). If any portion of the warranted fiber optic cabling system
           fails to perform at its original capacity, CCS will provide replacement
           materials to restore its performance – installation labor is not provided.

     B.    In order to obtain this warranty coverage, the contractors who perform the
           installation must be a certified EWP member. Contractors who are EWP
           certified have met certain requirements established by Corning Cable
           Systems, among which include taking an approved design course and an
           approved installation course from CCS. EWP installers are required to update
           their training at least every two years.

     C.    In order to preserve the EWP warranty when CWU personnel make
           modifications to existing fiber optic cabling, the following requirements must
           be met:
           a. The technician must have received either the TS-LAN 400 or TS-LAN 500
               installation course from CCS.
           b. The portion of the system that was modified shall be reviewed by the
               Corning Cable Systems sales representative.
           c. A warranty request form must be submitted to CCS, with the following
               information: Project Name, Name of organization requesting warranty
               (CWU), Contact Person (technician), Address, Phone Number, and Total
               Dollar Value of Corning Cable Systems products used.

     D.    The Corning Cable Systems manufacturer training is mandatory for CWU
           personnel who install, move, or make changes to fiber optic
           telecommunications cabling because the warranty would otherwise be voided.
           CWU personnel who are not trained by CCS shall not make changes to CCS
           fiber optic cabling. Cabling modifications performed by CWU personnel must
           be tested in accordance with the requirements in the TCGS, and may also be
           inspected by an RCDD as discussed in this document.

     E.    CWU personnel who have obtained CCS certification but fail to follow required
           practices during modification activities may not be allowed to perform future
           fiber optic modifications at CWU facilities. The CWU Telecom Manager will
           notify the CWU person in writing that they are no longer allowed to make
           changes to fiber optic telecommunications cabling at CWU facilities.

2.8.5 MOVES, ADDS, AND CHANGES

     A.    Moves, adds, and changes to the telecommunications infrastructure shall be
           performed in accordance with the requirements of this document. This

                                              23
                                                     CWU TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICIES
                                                             TELECOMMUNICATIONS OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

             includes (but is not limited to) all copper or fiber optic cables for the LAN,
             telephones, workstation area outlets, patch panels, patch cords, etc. All MACs
             must be coordinated with the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist.

      B.     Under certain circumstances, riser fiber optic cable may be installed by
             certified CWU personnel under the direct supervision of the ITS Infrastructure
             Specialist.

2.8.5.1 Splitting of Cable Pairs

      A.     In certain situations it may be necessary to use one or two pairs of a four (4)-
             pair cable to support one telephone device, and to use the remaining pairs to
             support a different telephone device. In these situations, the splitting of the
             pairs shall be accomplished with a line-splitting device installed on the outside
             of the Work Area Outlet faceplate. At the telecommunications room,
             individual cross-connect wires connected to the 110 Termination Field may be
             used to cross-connect the services.

      B.     Under no circumstances will the splitting of data cable pairs be allowed. The
             integrity of all four (4)-pair cable [all eight (8) wires] must be maintained
             end-to-end for the LAN equipment.

      C.     Under no circumstances will cable pairs be split or removed from the back of a
             modular jack or patch panel. All four (4) pairs of each horizontal distribution
             cable must be terminated to a single eight (8)-position, eight (8)-conductor
             jack.

2.8.6 ELECTRICAL POWER IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOMS

      A.     Each telecommunications room (TR) shall be equipped with orange-colored
             power outlets that are dedicated for use by telecommunications equipment.
             These outlets shall be used exclusively for telecommunications equipment and
             shall not be used for general-purpose or utility devices such as electric drills,
             vacuum cleaners, coffeepots, etc.

      B.     Each TR will also be equipped with white, gray, or beige-colored power outlets
             that are available for use with non-telecommunications equipment.

2.8.7 TELECOMMUNICATIONS ADMINISTRATION

      A.     CWU’s telecommunications administration system is based on ―records‖ and
             ―identifiers.‖ It documents cabling, termination hardware, patching and
             cross-connection facilities, conduits, other cable pathways,
             telecommunications rooms, and other telecommunications spaces.
             ANSI/TIA/EIA-606, the Administration Standard for the Telecommunications
             Infrastructure of Commercial Buildings is the industry standard for
             administering and documenting the telecommunications infrastructure. The
             purpose of this industry standard is to provide a uniform administration
             scheme that is independent of applications, which may change several times
             throughout the life of a building. The TDDG and TCGS establish guidelines for
             CWU personnel, end users, manufacturers, installers, and facilities
             administrators involved in the administration of the telecommunications
             infrastructure at CWU facilities.


                                                24
                                                   CWU TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICIES
                                                                             COMM TEAM MEETINGS

     B.     All CWU facilities shall maintain a system for documenting and administering
            the telecommunications infrastructure. CWU personnel shall be responsible
            for maintaining the telecommunications-related documentation and it is the
            responsibility of the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist to ensure that cable
            and equipment records are maintained for each facility. The administration
            system shall include cable records, and equipment records for all information
            technology systems. The administration system shall follow the
            ANSI/TIA/EIA-606 standard.

     C.     Records are a collection of information about each specific component of the
            telecommunications infrastructure. Drawings, details, diagrams,
            specifications, spreadsheets and databases are all examples of
            telecommunications records.

     D.     Records shall be maintained electronically, in their native formats including
            AutoCAD, Adobe PDF and MS Visio. Paper records are encouraged, but are
            optional. Record drawings (as-built drawings) are a vital component of the
            telecommunications administration system, and must be kept current as
            moves, adds, and changes take place. It is the responsibility of the CWU ITS
            Infrastructure Specialist to ensure that telecommunications as-built drawings
            are maintained for each facility.

     E.     For more information about telecommunications records, see Section 5.25,
            Cable Records in this document.

     F.     Telecommunications records show unique ―identifiers‖ for each component of
            the telecommunications infrastructure. For more information about
            identifiers, see Section 4.13, Telecommunications Administration in this
            document and also Sections 16740 and 16741 in the TCGS.


2.9 COMM TEAM MEETINGS

     CWU holds periodic meetings (approximately every six to eight weeks) to coordinate
     the telecommunications and IT needs of the various departments on campus. These
     ―Comm Team‖ meetings are run under the direction of the Sr. Director of Facilities
     Management and should be attended by the following individuals:

         VP Business & Financial Affairs             Auxiliary Services & Computing
         Sr. Director of Facilities Management        Supervisor
         Sr. Director of ITS                         IT Director of Labs and University
         ITS Director of Networks & Operations        Centers
         ITS Network Engineer                        Director of Multimedia Technology
         ITS Telecom Manager                          and Instructional Support
         ITS Telecom Project Manager                 Facilities Management Architects,
         ITS Infrastructure Specialists               Engineers, Project Managers and
         ITS Capital Projects Manager                 Coordinators;
         Media Engineers                             Academic Planning Officer
                                                      Environmental Systems Engineer




                                              25
                                                                            PROJECT PROCEDURES
                                                                                     DESIGNER QUALIFICATIONS




3   PROJECT PROCEDURES

      A.      The Project Procedures section contains guidelines for architects, engineers
              and telecommunications distribution designers regarding the procedures that
              CWU requires for projects that include telecommunications distribution
              systems. This applies both to projects that entail primarily
              telecommunications distribution work (such as telecommunications
              infrastructure replacement projects) as well as to architectural projects and
              other work (such as a new building or campus) that involve
              telecommunications design.

      B.      This section is not intended to supersede the requirements in the State of
              Washington Conditions of the Agreement or the Instructions for Architects and
              Engineers, but rather to complement them, providing additional requirements
              that apply specifically to telecommunications distribution design projects at
              CWU facilities.

      C.      It is intended that the requirements in this section be considered contractually
              binding for design professional firms providing telecommunications
              distribution design services.


3.1 DESIGNER QUALIFICATIONS

      A.      For the purposes of this document, the term ―Designer‖ shall mean a
              Registered Telecommunications Distribution Designer (RCDD) who is currently
              in good standing with BICSI. This means that the telecommunications design
              shall be produced by the RCDD. CWU’s telecommunications with the
              telecommunications consultant shall be mainly through the RCDD. On
              projects where the RCDD is not the prime consultant, the RCDD shall keep the
              prime consultant (Architect/Engineer (A/E)) informed of all direct
              telecommunications with CWU.

      B.      In   addition to the RCDD certification, it is desirable that the RCDD have one
              or   more of the following qualifications:
              o     Professional Engineer (P.E.) in the electrical engineering field
              o     RCDD/OSP certification from BICSI
              o     RCDD/NTS certification from BICSI
              o     MCSE certification from Microsoft Corporation4

      C.      In addition, the RCDD shall have the following qualifications:
              o The RCDD shall demonstrate a minimum of 5 years of experience in the
                  design of inside plant telecommunications distribution systems.
              o The RCDD shall demonstrate a minimum of 5 years of experience in the
                  design of outside plant telecommunications distribution systems.
              o Experience not directly related to the design of inside plant
                  telecommunications distribution systems, such as sales and/or marketing,
                  project management, or installation experience, is not acceptable.


      4
       Microsoft Corporation, One Microsoft Way, Redmond, WA 98052-6399, (425) 882-8080;
      www.microsoft.com/mcse
                                                     26
                                                                             PROJECT PROCEDURES
                                                                                       DESIGN REVIEW PROCESS

             o   The RCDD shall demonstrate that he/she has designed or has had
                 personal design oversight of a minimum of five projects similar in size and
                 construction cost to the current CWU project.
             o   The RCDD shall be independent from and unaffiliated with any
                 manufacturer associated with the telecommunications distribution system
                 industry.
             o   The RCDD shall be completely familiar and conversant with the standards

     D.      The RCDD shall affix his/her RCDD logo stamp (showing the registration
             number and expiration date) and signature to the final Construction
             Documents (drawings and specifications) pertaining to the
             telecommunications distribution design.


3.2 DESIGN REVIEW PROCESS

     As noted in Section 3.5 titled ―Procedures Related to Project Phases‖, the project
     documents will pass through the design review process at the end of each design
     phase plus follow-up reviews when necessary. These requirements are in addition to
     those contained in the State of Washington Conditions of the Agreement and the
     Instructions for Architects and Engineers.

     The following steps correspond to the numbered activities shown on the Design
     Review Process diagram below:

      Each time a review is required, the A/E shall provide copies of the complete project
     documents set (drawings and specifications for all disciplines involved in the project)
     for the following people:
          CWU Capital FP&CS Project Manager (PM) (one set)
          CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist (one set)
          RCDD Review Consultant (two sets)
                                     5



     A B
          The RCDD Review Consultant will have 3, 5, or 10 days (depending on the
     project phase) to review the design documents and provide written RCDD Review
     Comments to the CWU FP&CS PM and the CWU ITS Telecom Manager.

      The CWU FP&CS PM and the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist will have 5, 8,
     or 10 days (depending on the project phase) to review the design documents and the
     RCDD Review Consultant’s comments. The CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist will
     create the CWU ITS Review Report, and incorporate the RCDD Review Comments
     into the report. Following their review, they will distribute the complete set of
     comments to the RCDD Review Consultant (if present on the project) and hold brief
     discussions about the comments. If there is no RCDD Review Consultant assigned to
     the project:
          The CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist will create the CWU ITS Review Report
             without RCDD Review Comments
          The CWU ITS Review Report will then be sent to the CWU FP&CS PM for
             review.


     5
       On some projects, CWU may hire an RCDD Review Consultant to act in the capacity of an independent
     reviewer and consultant to CWU. The RCDD Review Consultant will be responsible to review the overall
     design, paying particular attention to areas of the design that are related to the current or future
     operation and maintenance of the telecommunications system, and sometimes low voltage systems other
     than voice and data. The RCDD Review Consultant will identify issues that do not
     appear to be compliant with the requirements in the TDDG and the requirements contained in the TCGS.
                                                     27
                                                             PROJECT PROCEDURES
                                                                      DESIGN REVIEW PROCESS

 The CWU FP&CS PM will submit the RCDD Review Report to the Designer. The
Designer will then be given five days to review the comments and respond to them in
writing. Negative responses to any comment shall include a discussion of the
reasons for non-compliance.

 Finally, a meeting or teleconference will be held with the CWU FP&CS PM, the
CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist, the RCDD Review Consultant and the Designer to
discuss the review comments and the Designer’s responses. Following the meeting,
the Designer shall revise the design in accordance with the CWU’s resolution for each
comment.




                                         28
                                                                                                                              PROJECT PROCEDURES
                                                                                                                                              DESIGN REVIEW PROCESS




The following diagram depicts a typical telecommunications design review process
when an RCDD Review Consultant is not involved in the review process. The number
of days listed for #3 and #6 may need to be adjusted based on the scope or depth of
the telecommunications infrastructure on a project.



 Design Review Process Without an RCDD Review Consultant
                          Business Days: 0         1       2   3   4    5   6       7       8     9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

                                           1   1
                                           2           1
                            Schematic

                                                               5 Days
                             Design
                                           3

                                           4                                    1
                                           5                                            1
                                           6                                                        5 Days
                                           7                                                                       1
                                           8                                                                           ?




                          Business Days: 0         1       2   3   4    5   6       7       8     9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
                                           1   1
                            Development




                                           2           1
                                           3                       8 Days
                              Design




                                           4                                                       1
                                           5                                                           1
                                           6                                                                    5 Days
                                           7                                                                                  1
                                           8                                                                                      ?




                          Business Days: 0         1       2   3   4    5   6       7       8     9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
                                           1   1
                            Construction




                                                       1
                             Documents




                                           2

                                           3                            10 Days
                                           4                                                               1
                                           5                                                                   1
                                           6                                                                             5 Days
                                           7                                                                                          1
                                           8                                                                                              ?




                                                                                                5. CWU FP&CS PM issues the CWU ITS Review Report to the
    1. Designer sends Drawings and Specifications to CWU ITS
                                                                                                Designer for response.
    Infrastructure Specialist, and CWU FP&CS Project Manager (PM)
                                                                                                6. The Designer reviews the CWU ITS Review Report and provides
    2. CWU FP&CS PM reviews the drawings and the specifications.                                a written response for each comment to the CWU Infrastructure
                                                                                                Specialist, and CWU FP&CS PM.

    3. CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist reviews the drawings and                               7. FP&CS PM, CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist, and the Designer
    specifications and then produces the CWU ITS Review Report.                                 meet to discuss the Designer's responses to the CWU ITS Review
                                                                                                Report and determine a course of action for each item.

    4. CWU FP&CS PM, and the CWU Infrastructure Specialist meet to                              8. The Designer shall revise the design per the direction given in
    discuss and finalize the CWU ITS Review Report.                                             Step 7 (above). The Designer shall then submit a second written
                                                                                                response to the CWU ITS Review Report, indicating how each
                                                                                                comment was resolved.




                                                                                    29
                                                                                                                                          PROJECT PROCEDURES
                                                                                                                                                       DESIGN REVIEW PROCESS




The following diagram depicts a typical telecommunications design review process,
including the RCDD Review Consultant’s role in the review process. The number of
days listed for #A, #3 and #6 may need to be adjusted based on the scope or depth
of the telecommunications infrastructure on a project.



       Design Review Process Involving RCDD Review Consultant
         Business Days: 0         1   2   3    4       5       6       7       8   9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

                          1   1
                          A           3 Days
           Schematic




                          B                        1
            Design




                          2                                1
                          3                                        5 Days
                          4                                                            1
                          5                                                                1
                          6                                                                          5 Days
                          7                                                                                           1
                          8                                                                                               ?




         Business Days: 0         1   2   3    4       5       6       7       8   9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
                          1   1
                          A               5 Days
           Development




                          B                                        1
                                                                           1
             Design




                          2

                          3                                                            8 Days
                          4                                                                                 1
                          5                                                                                       1
                          6                                                                                               5 Days
                          7                                                                                                           1
                          8                                                                                                                ?




         Business Days: 0         1   2   3    4       5       6       7       8   9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
                          1   1
                          A                            10 Days
           Construction
            Documents




                          B                                                                1
                          2                                                                     1
                          3                                                                                     10 Days
                          4                                                                                                           1
                          5                                                                                                               1
                          6                                                                                                                       5 Days
                          7                                                                                                                                     1
                          8                                                                                                                                         ?



1. Designer ships Drawings and Specifications to RCDD Review                                         4. CWU FP&CS PM, the RCDD Review Consultant, and the CWU ITS
Consultant, CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist, and CWU FP&CS Project                                 Infrastructure Specialist meet to discuss and finalize the CWU ITS Review
Manager (PM )                                                                                        Report.
A. RCDD Review Consultant reviews the drawings & specifications and                                  5. CWU FP&CS PM issues the CWU ITS Review Report to the RCDD
produces RCDD Review Comments.                                                                       Review Consultant and to the Designer for response.

B. RCDD Review Consultant ships the RCDD Review Comments to CWU                                      6. The Designer reviews the CWU ITS Review Report and provides a
FP&CS PM, and CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist.                                                     written response for each comment to the RCDD Review Consultant, CWU
                                                                                                     ITS Infrastructure Specialist and CWU FP&CS PM.
2. CWU FP&CS PM reviews the RCDD Review Comments, the drawings
and the specifications.                                                                              7. CWU FP&CS PM, CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist, the RCDD Review
                                                                                                     Consultant and the Designer meet to discuss the Designer's responses to
3. CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist reviews the RCDD Review                                         the CWU ITS Review Report and determine a course of action for each
Comments, drawings and specifications and then produce the CWU ITS                                   item.
Review Report, incorporating the RCDD Review Comments.
                                                                                                     8. The Designer shall revise the design per the direction given in Step 7
                                                                                                     (above). The Designer shall then submit a second written response to the
                                                                                                     CWU ITS Review Report, indicating how each comment was resolved.




                                                                                                    30
                                                                      PROJECT PROCEDURES
                                                                               DESIGN REVIEW PROCESS



     A.       The Designer shall require CWU to review the documents and respond
              with written review comments to the Designer at each phase of the
              design. The Designer shall not proceed with the next phase of
              telecommunications design without receipt of written comments from
              the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist.

     B.       The Prime Consultant shall be responsible to determine that the review
              process is conducted in accordance with CWU’s requirements, and shall
              participate in the review process to determine that the review comments are
              satisfactorily addressed.

3.2.1 RCDD REVIEW CONSULTANT

     For projects where CWU hires an RCDD Review Consultant, the prime consultant
     (Designer or A/E) shall provide two sets of the drawings and specifications (from all
     disciplines involved in the project) for the RCDD Review Consultant. The RCDD
     Review Consultant will not perform any design services. The RCDD Review
     Consultant could be asked to do the following:

3.2.1.1 Typical Document Review Scope

     1. Review telecommunications distribution system design:

          o   For compliance with CWU and Industry standards
          o   To identify apparent conflicts (routing, electromagnetic interference, etc.) with
              other discipline’s designs
          o   For indications of coordination with telephone service providers or other
              utilities
          o   For general document clarity

     2. Review the completed needs analysis report.

     3. Review the cutover plans.

     The RCDD Review Consultant shall review the documents according to CWU’s
     requested review scope and then produce a report consistent with the format shown
     in Appendix 6.1 that addresses at a minimum the following items:




                                                 31
                                                                      PROJECT PROCEDURES
                                                                              ARCHITECT/ENGINEER TEAMS



                         Components to be            Issues to be Considered
                         Reviewed
           Pathways      Horizontal Conduit          Sizing,   Sweep Radius
                         Horizontal Innerduct        Sizing
                         Horizontal Cable Tray       Sizing,   Sweep Radius
                         Riser Conduit               Sizing,   Sweep Radius
                         Riser Innerduct             Sizing,   Sweep Radius
                         Riser Sleeves               Sizing
                         Outside Plant Ductbanks     Sizing,   Sweep Radius
                         Outside Plant Innerduct     Sizing
                         Outside Plant               Sizing,   Location
                         Maintenance Holes and
                         Handholes

           Spaces        Main Equipment Rooms        Racks, Cable Protection and
                                                     Termination, Grounding &
                                                     Bonding
                         Telecommunications          Racks, Cable Protection and
                         Rooms                       Termination, Grounding &
                                                     Bonding
                         Riser Shafts                Grounding and Bonding


           Cable Plant   Outside Plant               Multi-pair Copper, Fiber Optic,
                                                     CATV/CCTV Coax
                         Horizontal                  4-PR UTP Copper, MM Fiber
                                                     Optic, SM Fiber Optic,
                                                     CATV/CCTV Coax
                         Riser                       4-PR UTP Copper, MM Fiber
                                                     Optic, SM Fiber Optic,
                                                     CATV/CCTV Coax
                         Testing & Administration    Copper, Fiber Optic, Labeling
                                                     Plan

3.2.1.2 Other Services (upon specific CWU request)

      A.      On some projects, CWU may also use an RCDD Review Consultant to provide
              services during the construction phase. These services may include submittal
              review and ―big-picture‖ construction observation services. In these
              situations however, the Designer always remains responsible for submittal
              review, construction observation, punchlist management, and other standard
              services as indicated in the Instructions for Architects and Engineers Doing
              Business with Division of Engineering and Architectural Services (published by
              the Washington State Department of General Administration).

      B.      In these situations, the RCDD Review Consultant shall provide written
              comments to CWU and to the Designer. In turn, CWU will decide how to act
              on the written comments, and then direct the A/E, Designer or Contractor
              accordingly. The RCDD Review Consultant shall not, under any
              circumstances, give direction to the A/E, Designer or Contractor.




                                                32
                                                                   PROJECT PROCEDURES
                                                                          ARCHITECT/ENGINEER TEAMS

3.3 ARCHITECT/ENGINEER TEAMS

      It is imperative that the telecommunications design be incorporated during the
      preliminary architectural design phase. To accomplish this, the architects and
      engineers on the design team shall work closely with the designated project RCDD,
      the CWU ITS Telecom Manager, and the CWU FP&CS Project Manager beginning with
      the Schematic Design phase of the project.

3.3.1 CROSS DISCIPLINE COORDINATION

      Successful telecommunications projects require frequent, thorough design
      coordination between the disciplines involved in the project. The Designer shall be
      primarily responsible to coordinate the telecommunications requirements and design
      features with the designs produced by the other Designers on the project.

      At a minimum, the following aspects of the design shall be coordinated:

3.3.1.1 Outside Plant Telecommunications Infrastructure:

            Ductbank routing around obstacles (trees, tunnels, buildings, existing
             ductbanks, etc.)
            Coordinate the locations of maintenance holes and hand holes to determine
             that they are not located in areas of water concentration. Site requirements,
             drainage, traffic, joint usage, utility requirements, etc.
            Proximity of ductbanks to sources of EMI, including power distribution feeders
            Proximity of ductbanks to steam piping
            Routing of entrance conduits through buildings
            Backbone cabling requirements of other disciplines (fire alarm, HVAC,
             security, CATV, etc.)

3.3.1.2 Horizontal and Intra-building Backbone Telecommunications Infrastructure:

            HVAC cooling requirements for telecommunications rooms (TR)
            HVAC ductwork routing (avoiding TR ceiling spaces)
            Plumbing routing avoiding TR spaces
            Lighting requirements for TRs
            Power requirements for TRs
            Power requirements for work areas (receptacle locations near
             telecommunications outlet locations)
            Proximity of cabling to sources of EMI
            Routing of telecommunications conduits through and location of
             telecommunications pullboxes in congested areas (HVAC ductwork, plumbing,
             electrical, etc.)
            Floor treatments in TRs

      More information regarding the above requirements is available in the Design Criteria
      section in this document.




                                               33
                                                                                 PROJECT PROCEDURES
                                                                                             GENERAL PROCEDURES

3.4 GENERAL PROCEDURES


3.4.1 PROCUREMENT AND INSTALLATION

     A.      CWU uses several methods for the procurement and installation of the
             telecommunications infrastructure:
              DIS Master Contract
              Competitive Bid
              Existing CWU Contract
              Strategic Partnerships
              Inter-agency Resource Transfer
              Sole Source (limited use)

     B.      In larger construction projects, the telecommunications infrastructure
             installation might be part of the general construction contract or it could be a
             separate contract. CWU uses the Washington State DIS Master Contract
                                                                                         6

             whenever appropriate for a given project. When the DIS Master Contract is
             not being used, a competitive bid shall be sought, using the Contractors listed
             on the DIS Master Contract website that are approved by CWU. Generally,
             the procurement and construction of telecommunications infrastructure will be
             a combined effort between the CWU FP&CS Project Manager and the CWU ITS
             Telecom Manager.

3.4.2 CAD FILES

     The Designer shall coordinate with the A/E to determine that the electronic CAD files
     used for backgrounds for the telecommunications design are consistent with the CAD
     file backgrounds used by the other disciplines on the project.

3.4.3 ALTERNATIVE DESIGN REQUEST (ADR)

     A.      It is not the intent of CWU to rigidly impose standards on every aspect of a
             telecommunications system design. Each design is unique and special
             requirements may lead to situations in which deviations from the standards
             are warranted.

     B.      This document identifies specific design solutions that are intended to meet
             the technical requirements of CWU telecommunications and information
             technology systems at most CWU facilities. Design issues that are not
             consistent with the requirements in this document shall require prior approval
             through the CWU Alternative Design Requests (ADR) process. Requests to
             deviate from industry standards or CWU design solutions will be considered on
             a case-by-case basis. Any request to deviate from applicable code
             requirements or to deviate from manufacturer’s warranty requirements will
             not be approved.

     C.      If the Designer feels that deviation from a given standard is warranted, the
             Designer shall submit a written deviation request to CWU. The Designer may,
             upon written approval from CWU, incorporate the design deviation into the
             overall design. CWU approval is required on a project-by-project basis - the

     6
      As of this writing, more information about the Washington State DIS Master Contract is available at
     http://techmall.dis.wa.gov/master_contracts/MC.asp
                                                        34
                                                            PROJECT PROCEDURES
                                                                      GENERAL PROCEDURES

     Designer shall not assume that a deviation approval for one project means
     that the deviation will necessarily be approved for a subsequent project.

     The request shall include a complete description of the proposed alternative
     design identifying:

     1. The type of facility;
     2. The conditions at the facility;
     3. The approved design solution as described in this document or as
        described in the standards referenced in this document;
     4. The proposed alternative design;
     5. A list of the guidelines and standards referenced in this document with
        which the alternative design will not be in compliance, and the effect of
        non-compliance, both short and long term;
     6. The reason for wishing to use the alternative design;
     7. The Contractor or personnel performing the construction;

     Finally, the Designer shall provide written comments indicating that the
     proposed alternative design will meet the applicable CWU system performance
     requirements, and identifying any performance limitations, drawbacks and
     benefits from using the alternative design.

D.   The Designer shall be responsible to determine that the ADR process is
     properly conducted. For projects where the Designer is not the prime
     consultant, the prime consultant shall also be responsible to determine that
     the ADR process is properly conducted, and shall participate in the process
     (review, acknowledge and address issues) to determine that CWU’s
     requirements are met.




                                       35
                                                            PROJECT PROCEDURES
                                                                    GENERAL PROCEDURES




Approval Process for Alternative Design Requests

        Alternative Design          Submit Alternative
         Request Denied              Design Request


                                CWU FP&CS PM with
                               copy to ITS Telecom Mgr

            Return to
                                            JOINT
           Requester         DENY          DECISION
           with reason
                                        APPROVE
 Review
   with        NO
FP&CS PM                        Attach Technical Info
                                        (if applicable)



  YES         CAPITAL                                              Solicit
             PROJECT?               CWU ITS Network
                                                                  Technical
                                       Manager
                                                                Input/Review

           Return to                                               LAN
        CWU Telecom MGR      DENY          DECISION                WAN
          with reason                                              Infrastructure
                                        APPROVE

                                Attach Technical Info
                                        (if applicable)



                                CWU ITS Telecom Mgr

                                                                  Review
                                            CAPITAL              Design and
                                           PROJECT?
                                                          YES
                                                                Funding with
                                                                FP&CS PM
                                             NO


                                 One-time Approval for
                              Alternative Design Request




                                      36
                                                                 PROJECT PROCEDURES
                                                               PROCEDURES RELATED TO PROJECT PHASES
                                                                   SCHEMATIC DESIGN AND FIELDWORK




3.5 PROCEDURES RELATED TO PROJECT PHASES

     Telecommunications projects are typically conducted in phases. In addition to the
     requirements contained in the State of Washington Conditions of the Agreement and
     the Instructions for Architects and Engineers, Designers of telecommunications
     distribution systems for CWU facilities have the following phase-related
     responsibilities:

3.5.1 SCHEMATIC DESIGN AND FIELDWORK

     A. Telecommunications projects on existing CWU campuses will require preliminary
            fieldwork to document the existing cabling and infrastructure systems into
            which the new cabling and infrastructure will integrate. CWU believes that
            this information is vital to a successful project.

     B. The Designer shall visit the project site during the Schematic Design phase to
           perform the preliminary outside plant fieldwork. The Designer shall create the
           following types of documentation based on information gathered while onsite:
            Take digital photographs of existing telecommunications pathways, spaces
               and cabling that affect or are affected by the new project work.
            Verify existing or create new butterfly diagrams of each existing
               maintenance hole and handhole that is associated with the project,
               identifying each cable and conduit in each maintenance hole and
               handhole. A sample butterfly diagram is shown in Appendix 6.2.
            Verify existing or create a new backbone schematic diagram showing the
               existing outside plant cabling in the area associated with the new project
               and the existing cross connection strategy. A sample backbone schematic
               diagram is shown in the Appendix 6.3.

     C. The Designer shall visit the project site during the Schematic Design phase to
           perform preliminary field investigation of the horizontal and intra-building
           backbone telecommunications infrastructure. The Designer shall create the
           following types of documentation based on information gathered while onsite:
            Take digital photographs of existing telecommunications rooms and work
               areas that affect or are affected by the new project work.
            Verify existing or create a new riser diagram showing the existing intra-
               building backbone cabling associated with the new project and the existing
               cross connection strategy.
            Investigate and document the routing of existing horizontal pathways and
               cabling that are affected by the project.
            Verify existing or create new elevation diagrams of each
               telecommunications rack and each wall within each TR affected by or
               affecting the new project work.

     D. The Designer shall also conduct a needs analysis (involving CWU personnel) to
           identify and describe the required features and functionality of the new
           telecommunications infrastructure.



                                             37
                                                                  PROJECT PROCEDURES
                                                                PROCEDURES RELATED TO PROJECT PHASES
                                                                                DESIGN DEVELOPMENT




     E. The information gathered during the fieldwork, combined with the results of the
           needs analysis shall be the starting point for Schematic Design of the
           proposed new work.

     F. Schematic Design documents shall show the following information:
            Building and local distribution
            Telecommunications Room sizes and locations
            Major distribution pathways
            Backboard locations

     G. Upon completion of the Schematic Design documents, the standard Design
           Review Process shall be conducted prior to progressing to the Design
           Development phase.

3.5.2 DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

     A.     The Designer shall modify the design documents to address the review
            comments received during the Schematic Design Phase.

     B.     During the Design Development phase, the Designer shall obtain the
            assistance of manufacturer product representatives to review the project
            specification (adapted by the Designer from the CWU Telecommunications
            Construction Guide Specification) to determine that the correct part numbers
            have been included for each product in the specification.

     C.     If the design will make use of existing outside plant pathway, the ducts must
            be proven during the Design Development phase in order to ensure that the
            selected pathway is clear and serviceable. Proving the ducts prior to
            construction will not only aid the Designer in selecting the appropriate
            pathway for use, it will also minimize unexpected (and costly) problems
            encountered during construction. Acceptable proving methods are, in order of
            preference:

               Pushing/pulling a test mandrel through the duct
               Blowing/pushing/pulling a ball through the duct
               Pulling on a previously installed pull cord and observing free movement on
                both ends

            The proving method should be selected only after determining the quantity
            and size of the telecommunications media to be placed in the duct and after
            reviewing the condition of the duct in the field.

     D.     In addition to the content shown on the Schematic Design documents, the
            Design Development documents shall show the following information:
             Schematic diagrams
             Outlet locations and port counts for each outlet

     E.     Upon completion of the Design Development documents, the standard Design
            Review Process shall be conducted prior to progressing to the Construction
            Document phase.



                                              38
                                                                    PROJECT PROCEDURES
                                                                  PROCEDURES RELATED TO PROJECT PHASES
                                                                            CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTS




3.5.3 CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTS

     A.      The Designer shall modify the design documents to reflect the accepted
             review comments received during the Design Development Phase.
     B.      In addition to the content shown on the Schematic Design and Design
             Development documents, the Construction Documents shall show the
             following information:
              Raceway routing plans
              Telecommunications room wall elevation details
              Rack elevation details
              Maintenance Hole/Handhole details. Ducts are to be assigned during the
                 course of design, not during construction. Duct assignments must be
                 approved by CWU prior to the release of construction documents.
              Ductbank details

             The Construction Documents are also expected to contain the items discussed
             in the Construction Document Content section of this document.

     C.      It is expected that the Designer will expend considerable effort coordinating
             details between different disciplines during the design process. Non-
             coordinated pathway/raceway is not acceptable to CWU.

     D.      Upon completion of the Construction Documents, the standard Design Review
             Process shall be conducted. The Designer shall then modify the documents to
             reflect the accepted review comments associated with the Construction
             Documents prior to the Bidding Phase.

     E.      Upon completion of the Final Construction Documents, the standard Design
             Review Process shall be again conducted as described above. The Designer
             shall modify the documents to address the review comments associated with
             the Final Bid Documents prior to the bidding phase rather than ―by
             addendum.‖

3.5.4 BIDDING

     On projects where a pre-bid walkthrough is held, the Designer shall attend the
     walkthrough and shall provide the bidders with a written list of materials and practice
     requirements that the bidders might find peculiar and that might affect the bids if
     such requirements are overlooked. Noteworthy items would typically be
     requirements that are more restrictive than practices considered acceptable for other
     commercial projects. The Designer shall consider the following items for inclusion on
     such a list, as well as any other items applicable to the project:

         The use of flex-conduit is prohibited.
         The installation of conduit under-slab or in-slab is prohibited.
         The requirement for no more than two 90 degree bends in any conduit run.
         The fact that telecommunications standards are more stringent than electrical
          installation requirements.




                                               39
                                                                  PROJECT PROCEDURES
                                                                PROCEDURES RELATED TO PROJECT PHASES
                                                                         CONSTRUCTION OBSERVATION




3.5.5 CONSTRUCTION OBSERVATION

     A.   The Designer shall review the Contractor’s submittals that are required by the
          Construction Documents. When the Contractor’s submittals include materials
          or methods that deviate from CWU standards, the Designer shall either:
           Reject the specific materials and methods that do not comply, when the
             Designer believes that they constitute undesirable solutions.
           Pursue the ADR process to seek separate approval for each specific
             material and method that the Designer believes would constitute a better
             solution.

     B.   The Designer (RCDD) shall visit the construction site frequently to observe the
          construction quality and status. The Designer shall confer with the CWU
          FP&CS Project Manager prior to proposing services for the project to
          determine an appropriate site-visit frequency for the project. On average,
          one site visit per week will typically be required for building-wide projects and
          one and a half site visits per week will be typically required for campus-wide
          projects. The site visit frequency will likely change during the construction as
          the telecommunications-related activity increases and decreases.

     C.   During the site visits, the Designer shall take digital photographs of existing
          and new telecommunications pathways, spaces and cabling, both intra-
          building and outside plant and that are related to the project. In particular,
          the Designer shall photograph infrastructure that will later be concealed
          during the course of construction.

     D.   It is the responsibility of the Designer to verify that the Contractor properly
          labels all outside plant cabling during construction. Inadequate or incomplete
          labeling is not acceptable.

     E.   Accurate record drawings are considered critical for the efficient operation of
          CWU facilities. During these site visits, the Designer shall observe and report
          on the Contractor’s progress toward staying current with the record drawings
          notations.

     F.   After each site visit, the Designer shall submit a written report describing the
          observed construction progress. Observations shall be documented in the
          report with annotated digital photographs and a written description of any
          problems, a description of the requirements in the Construction Documents
          and the resolution to the issues. For each item requiring corrective attention,
          the report shall describe the following:

             A description of the issue
             Applicable requirements in the Construction Documents
             Applicable CWU standards, industry standards and codes
             Corrective options available to CWU
             Designer’s recommendation

     G.   The Designer shall submit the construction observation reports via email to
          the CWU FP&CS PM and the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist as soon as
          possible following each site visit. The reports shall also be reviewed at the
          next construction meeting. A timely report submission will aid the Designer
                                             40
                                                                  PROJECT PROCEDURES
                                                                PROCEDURES RELATED TO PROJECT PHASES
                                                                               POST-CONSTRUCTION




          and CWU in identifying potential problems early in the construction process.

     H.   The Designer shall review the cable test reports produced by the Contractor
          for each cable installed during the project. The Designer shall verify that the
          following conditions are addressed in the cable test reports:

             The cable test report shall be automatically produced by the test
              equipment
             The report shall indicate that the cable passed the test
             For Fiber Optic Cabling: the cable test report shall indicate a headroom dB
              value that is equal to or better than the value calculated in the link-loss
              budget
             For Fiber Optic Cabling: the cable test report shall indicate the correct
              Nominal Velocity of Propagation (NVP) indicated on the cut sheet from the
              cable manufacturer

3.5.6 POST-CONSTRUCTION

     A.   The Designer shall review the Operation and Maintenance information
          provided by the Contractor for the telecommunications distribution system.
          The Designer shall verify that information is included for each component in
          the telecommunications distribution system. Upon approval of the content in
          the Operation and Maintenance information, the Designer shall submit the
          information to local CWU ITS Staff with written documentation indicating that
          the Designer has reviewed the information and that it appears to meet the
          requirements in the Construction Documents.

     B.   The Designer shall provide record drawings and record documentation to CWU
          (based on documents that have been ―red-lined‖ by the Contractor). Record
          documents shall be provided in electronic CAD format where applicable, in
          addition to requirements put forth by the Designer’s contract with CWU.

     C.   The Designer shall verify that the cabling contractor provides the appropriate
          manufacturer warranty certification documentation to CWU.




                                             41
                                                                        DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                               PROCEDURES RELATED TO PROJECT PHASES
                                                                              POST-CONSTRUCTION




4   DESIGN CRITERIA

      A.   The CWU TDDG is not intended to be a comprehensive design guide resource
           for telecommunications design at CWU facilities. The Designer shall look
           primarily to the BICSI TDMM and CO-OSP for design guidance. The
           Construction Documents produced for each project shall be consistent with
           the installation practices described in the BICSI Telecommunications Cabling
           Installation Manual (TCIM).

      B.   Where ANSI/TIA/EIA standards or BICSI manuals offer multiple choices with a
           preferred method identified, and where the CWU TDDG does not select one
           method over another or define specific requirements precluding use of the
           preferred method, the ANSI/TIA/EIA or BICSI-preferred method shall be
           selected.

      C.   Where ANSI/TIA/EIA Standards or BICSI manuals identify warnings regarding
           potential adverse effects from certain design or installation methods, the
           design or installation method used should typically be the method with the
           least potential for adverse effects.

      D.   Telecommunications distribution systems shall be designed for construction
           using materials from the current product lines of the manufactures upon
           which CWU has standardized. For copper cabling and related materials, CWU
           has standardized on the AMP Netconnect® Structured Cabling System (SCS)
           product line. For fiber optic cabling and related materials, CWU has
           standardized on the Corning Cable Systems LANscape® product line.

           In addition to the standards listed above, CWU has selected several
           manufacturers of products for telecommunications cabling systems (cable,
           connectors, termination blocks, patch panels, etc.) and telecommunications
           distribution hardware (racks, cable tray, enclosures, etc.).

           These manufacturers and their products are identified in the TCGS. The
           Designer is required to incorporate only these manufacturers into the design
           (unless otherwise directed by CWU) and to design a telecommunications
           distribution system that will be suitable for the use of products from these
           manufacturers. The construction documents shall require that the installation
           workmanship fully comply with the current installation requirements from the
           manufacturers of these products.

      E.   Any request to deviate from the requirements of the National Electrical Code
           or the AMP Netconnect SCS warranty will not be accepted. The Designer shall
           seek approval for designs that are not consistent with CWU TDDG
           requirements through the CWU Alternative Design Request (ADR) process.
           Requests to deviate from industry standards or CWU design solutions will be
           considered on a case-by-case basis by the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist.
           Designers shall contact the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist to discuss
           proposed alternatives before spending significant time researching or
           preparing an ADR.
                                             42
                                                                         DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                    CODES, STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS
                                                              TELECOMMUNICATIONS & EQUIPMENT ROOMS




     F.     Telecommunications distribution infrastructure shall fully comply with the
            current CWU TDDG, the current Washington State Department of Information
            Services (DIS) ―Computing and Telecommunications Architecture Standards –
            Building Wiring‖, the current ANSI/TIA/EIA Commercial Building
            Telecommunications Standards and the National Electrical Code (NEC).

     G.     The following subsections are arranged to mirror the chapter sequence of the
            BICSI TDMM 10th Edition (the subsection numbers below are in the form of 4.x
            where x represents the chapter number in the BICSI TDMM).
             Each TDDG subsection contains commentary and requirements regarding
               the application of the BICSI TDMM to CWU Projects. In particular, each
               section contains limitations and prohibitions on specific materials and
               methods discussed in the BICSI TDMM.
             Where no TDDG subsection is written (addressing comments about or
               requirements for the corresponding TDMM subchapter) the Designer can
               assume that the TDMM subchapter applies as written.

     H.     Please refer to the Bibliography and Resources section and Glossary section of
            the BICSI TDMM for definitions, abbreviations, acronyms and symbols used
            for describing and documenting telecommunications infrastructure at CWU
            facilities.

            Other terms are defined in the Glossary located in Appendix 6.8 of this
            document.


4.1 CODES, STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS

     Please refer to the Codes, Standards and Regulations section of the BICSI TDMM for
     information regarding the codes, standards and regulations required for
     telecommunications infrastructure at CWU facilities.


4.2 PRINCIPLES OF TRANSMISSION

     Please refer to the Principles of Transmission section of the BICSI TDMM for general
     information regarding the design of telecommunications distribution infrastructure.


4.3 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY

     Please refer to the Electromagnetic Compatibility section of the BICSI TDMM for
     general information regarding the electromagnetic interference with and clearance
     requirements for telecommunications infrastructure. The following requirements take
     precedence over the BICSI TDMM guidelines for telecommunications infrastructure at
     CWU facilities:

     Telecommunications infrastructure shall maintain minimum separation distances
     from sources of electromagnetic interference (EMI) as listed below. Where the NEC
     or local codes require greater separation distances than those listed below, the
     largest separation distance shall be maintained.


                                              43
                                                                          DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                                        WORK AREAS
                                                               TELECOMMUNICATIONS & EQUIPMENT ROOMS




     Separation distances apply equally to both copper cabling and fiber optic cabling.
     Even though fiber optic cabling is impervious to EMI, once a pathway is established
     for fiber it could later be used for copper cabling.

4.3.1 TELECOMMUNICATIONS & EQUIPMENT ROOMS

     TRs shall not be located in or adjacent to areas containing sources of electromagnetic
     interference or radio frequency interference (RFI) such as photocopy equipment,
     large electric motors, power transformers, arc-welding equipment, radio transmitting
     antennas, etc. This is a critical consideration, as EMI and RFI can render data
     networks inoperable. No point within the TR or ER shall be closer than 3 m (10 ft) to
     transformers, power panels or equipment rated at greater than 480 V.

4.3.2 INSIDE PLANT PROXIMITY TO SOURCES OF EMI

     Based on previously published telecommunications design guidelines, ISP
     telecommunications pathways shall be designed to have the following clearances:
     o 4 feet from motors or transformers
     o 1 foot from conduit and cables used for electrical power distribution
     o 5 inches from fluorescent lighting

4.3.3 OUTSIDE PLANT PROXIMITY TO SOURCES OF EMI

     OSP telecommunications infrastructure designs shall adhere to the governing
     clearance requirements of the NEC and NESC.


4.4 WORK AREAS

     Please refer to the Work Areas section of the BICSI TDMM for general information
     regarding the design of work area telecommunications infrastructure. The following
     requirements take precedence over the BICSI TDMM guidelines for
     telecommunications infrastructure at CWU facilities:

     A.     Goal #6 of CWU’s Strategic Plan of the Information Technology Services (ITS)
            Department (April 2004) describes CWU’s intent as follows:

                   ―Implement and support a reliable and capable technology
                   infrastructure in support of voice, video and data while allowing for
                   near anywhere/anytime system access via available technology and
                   services.‖

            The Designer shall identify work areas pursuant to the above goal, and shall
            work cooperatively with CWU ITS staff to design telecommunications
            infrastructure to appropriately meet the goal.

     B.     CWU considers undercarpet telecommunications cabling (UTC) solutions to be
            undesirable in most cases. The Designer shall discuss any apparent
            justifications for undercarpet cabling with the CWU ITS Infrastructure
            Specialist prior to its inclusion in a design.

     C.     There shall be at least one general-purpose convenience power outlet
                                              44
                                                                        DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                                       WORK AREAS
                                                                         DEVICE BOX CONSIDERATIONS




            (120VAC, 15 Ampere minimum) located within three feet of every
            telecommunications outlet. The Designer shall discuss any application-
            specific needs with CWU IT staff and adjust the power outlet locations and
            amperage accordingly.

               In the case of new construction and full remodel projects, the power outlet
                associated with each telecommunications outlet shall be a 4‖x4‖ device
                box (dual gang) with four power receptacles. It is the Designer’s
                responsibility to coordinate with the electrical engineer to ensure that
                power outlets are located near telecommunications devices boxes.

               In the case of light remodel and telecommunications-only projects, it may
                be difficult to meet this requirement. Therefore, where existing power
                outlets are not located within six feet of each telecommunications outlet,
                the Designer shall alert CWU IT staff and request their consideration of the
                situation on a case-by-case basis.

4.4.1 DEVICE BOX CONSIDERATIONS

      A.    Device boxes shall not be ―combo‖ boxes (i.e. boxes used for both
            telecommunications and power, CATV, etc.)

      B.    Device boxes shall not be mounted in the floor (i.e. ―floor boxes‖) except
            where no suitable alternative exists. If device boxes must be mounted in the
            floor, each device box shall be served with its own individual conduit - floor
            boxes shall not be ―daisy-chained‖ together.

      C.    Power outlets may be combined with CATV and telecommunications cabling in
            floor boxes if the power wiring is routed to the floor boxes separately from the
            other cable media and if the floor box provides for metallic barrier segregation
            of the power and telecommunications cabling within the box.

      D.    Providing spare ports for an outlet in a work area and providing spare outlets
            in a room are encouraged within the limitations of the project budget to meet
            projected future needs.

      E.    CWU may wish to terminate both telecommunications cabling and CATV
            coaxial cabling in a shared device box. CWU permission for this method is
            required on a project-by-project basis.

      F.    Device boxes for telecommunications outlets shall be mounted at the same
            height as the electrical power receptacles.

4.4.1.1 For New and Full Remodel Construction

      A.    A device box shall be provided for each telecommunications outlet. Device
            boxes shall be 4‖x4‖x3-½‖ (where 3-½‖ is the depth of the box and extension
            ring). Device boxes shall be recess-mounted.

      B.    Surface mounted device boxes are not acceptable. However, for CMU walls or
            other wall types that may obstruct cable or conduit installation, the Designer
            shall request direction from the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist on a case-
                                               45
                                                                         DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                     HORIZONTAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
                                                                       HORIZONTAL PATHWAY SYSTEMS




             by-case basis.

      C.     In general, two device boxes shall be provided for each work area and shall be
             located (subject to design constraints) on opposing walls. Each device box
             shall have two ports, unless the telecommunications outlet is intended to
             serve a wall-mounted phone or other dedicated application requiring a single
             port.

      D.     For classrooms in academic buildings, a minimum of one device box shall be
             located on each classroom wall.

      E.     For Residence Halls, each dorm room shall be provided with no less than two
             ports per resident, located within each resident’s study space. Some study
             spaces may serve two students within a single space, in which case it might
             be possible to install a single device box located where it would be reachable
             from both workspaces within the space. For dorm rooms having a
             common/living area, an additional device box with two ports shall be installed
             in the common/living area. These situations shall be investigated by the
             Designer and reviewed with CWU.

4.4.1.2 For Light Remodel and Telecommunications-only Projects

      A.     Existing device boxes and conduits shall be reused where existing boxes are
             standards-compliant or where it can be verified that the existing conduits and
             boxes will permit telecommunications cabling to be installed without
             negatively affecting the performance of the cabling. The bend radius of the
             cabling inside each box will be considered carefully in evaluating existing
             boxes. For concealed conduits that can not be verified, the CWU ITS
             Infrastructure Specialist will decide whether they should be reused on a case-
             by-case basis.

      B.     A device box shall be provided for each telecommunications outlet. Device
             boxes shall be recess-mounted wherever possible and shall be 4‖x4‖ and at
             least 2 ½‖ deep (a 3 ½‖ depth is preferable). Surface mounted device boxes
             (if required) may be standard single gang (2‖ x 4‖) and at least 2 ½‖ deep.

      C.     In general, a minimum of or two device box shall be provided for each work
             area, preferably on opposite walls. A minimum of one device box shall be
             located in each classroom.

      D.     For Residence Halls, a minimum of one device box shall be located in each
             dorm room, with no less than one port per resident.

                It may be permissible to use faceplate mounting brackets in lieu of device
                 boxes. CWU permission for this method is required on a project-by-
                 project basis.


4.5 HORIZONTAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS

      Please refer to the Horizontal Distribution Systems section of the BICSI TDMM for
      general information regarding the design of horizontal distribution pathway and

                                               46
                                                                            DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                        HORIZONTAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
                                                                          HORIZONTAL PATHWAY SYSTEMS




      cabling. The following requirements take precedence over the BICSI TDMM
      guidelines for telecommunications infrastructure at CWU facilities:

4.5.1 HORIZONTAL PATHWAY SYSTEMS

      CWU has standardized on the use of cable tray as the primary feeder pathway and
      the use of conduit to route cabling from cable trays to outlets in its buildings. CWU
      sometimes uses J-hooks for routing cabling. The process of selecting the type of
      pathway for a particular project shall be a cooperative effort involving the Designer
      and the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist.

4.5.1.1 General Pathway Design Considerations

      A.     During the Schematic Design phase, the Designer shall discuss pathway type
             and size with the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist.

             1. The Designer shall discuss the relative merits of the pathway options
                available and shall assist the CWU ITS staff and the project design team to
                select the most appropriate pathway solution for the project.
             2. The future growth anticipated for the facilities affected by the project shall
                be discussed. Horizontal feeder pathways (cable trays, conduits from TRs
                to distribution junction boxes) shall be sized to support the initial cabling
                installation plus a minimum of 25% growth.

      B.     Spare pathway shall be designed to terminate at building perimeters where
             future expansion is anticipated.

      C.     When considering the design of a ceiling-located cable tray or J-hook
             pathway, the Designer shall verify that the pathway locations will comply with
             accessibility and clearance requirements. Cable tray and J-hook pathways
             routed through ceiling spaces shall be designed such that all installed cable is
             conveniently accessible after construction for both cable maintenance and to
             install subsequent cable additions. Conduit shall be used to span inaccessible
             areas where the pathway will cross ―hard-lid‖ ceilings or where ceiling tiles
             are not readily removable or where accessibility is impeded.

      D.     Pathway routing shall remain on the same floor as the telecommunications
             room and telecommunications outlets served by the pathways. Where
             project-specific conditions exist that justify other routing, the Designer shall
             request CWU approval through the ADR process.

      E.     ―Poke-thru‖ penetrations to the ceiling space of the floor below are normally
             not permitted. Permission to use poke-thru pathways in any circumstance
             requires an ADR on a project-by-project basis.

             1. For light remodel construction, poke-thru penetrations may be allowed
                given budgetary, project size, or other limiting factors.

             2. If no other option is available, poke-thru’s may be used if there is a
                suitable telecommunications room on the same floor as the
                telecommunications outlet. In this case, an additional sleeve, slot, or
                conduit raceway must be installed which to serve as pathway back to the
                                                 47
                                                                          DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                      HORIZONTAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
                                                                        HORIZONTAL PATHWAY SYSTEMS




               originating floor. The length of pathway through the ceiling space of the
               floor below shall be minimized. Even if there is not a telecommunications
               room on the originating floor, it is desirable to bring the pathway back to
               the originating floor so that it may join with other pathway on the
               originating floor, and thus route together to the telecommunications room.

            3. For Residence Halls, using poke-thru pathway floor-to-floor and
               distributing horizontally either in the bottom floor or in the attic may be
               permitted.

      F.    For computer lab applications, CWU has standardized on the use of 3‖ high
            access flooring to distribute telecommunications cabling to each computer
            workstation.

4.5.1.2 Pathways for New Construction and Full Remodel Projects

      A.    J-hook pathway systems are not permitted.

      B.    Surface raceways and surface mounted device boxes are not permitted.

4.5.1.3 Pathways for Light Remodel and Telecommunications-only Projects

      A.    For light remodel construction, there may not be an existing (or suitable
            space for a new) telecommunications room available on the same floor as an
            outlet. While pathways shall generally be designed from the device box
            serving the telecommunications outlet to the nearest telecommunications
            room on the same floor as the outlet, his requirement may be waived.

      B.    Existing pathways shall be reused where existing raceway is standards-
            compliant or where it can be verified that the existing pathway will permit
            telecommunications cabling to be installed without negatively affecting the
            performance of the cabling. Where a pathway is concealed or cannot
            otherwise be verified, the Designer shall request direction from the CWU ITS
            Infrastructure Specialist on a case-by-case basis.

      C.    Where existing pathways cannot be reused, or where additional pathways are
            required:

            1. J-hook pathway may used. J-hook pathways shall be established through
               concealed spaces. J-hook pathways shall be sized for a minimum of 100%
               expansion. D-ring pathways are not permitted.

            2. When 40 or more cables are designed to be routed through an area, the
               use of cable tray or conduit shall be considered in lieu of J-hooks.

      D.    It may be permissible to use faceplate mounting brackets in lieu of device
            boxes. In these cases, cabling is routed to the outlet location through
            interstitial wall spaces. CWU permission for this method is required on a
            project-by-project basis.

      E.    For Residence Halls, it may be permissible to route pathway (such as soffits)
            or raceway directly from room to room. Where soffit is used, the soffit lids
                                               48
                                                                         DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                     HORIZONTAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
                                                                       HORIZONTAL PATHWAY SYSTEMS




            shall be secured with tamper resistant screws (such as Torx head) in order to
            discourage vandalism. CWU permission for this method is required on a
            project-by-project basis.

4.5.1.4 Cable Tray Pathway Systems

      A.    In general, cable tray systems shall be located in corridor or office
            throughway spaces, and shall not be installed above office or classroom
            space. Distances from EMI/RFI sources shall be maintained according to the
            Electromagnetic Compatibility section (above), regardless of whether the
            raceway is routing copper or fiber optic based media.

      B.    Projects designed using cable tray shall use welded-wire type trays. Where it
            is not possible, to conceal cable trays, the design shall specify aesthetically
            finished aluminum or steel cable trays.

      C.    Cable trays shall not be shared with power cables.

      D.    Conduit used to route cabling from the cable tray to the work area outlet shall
            be sized a minimum of 1‖.

4.5.1.5 Conduit and Junction Box Pathway Systems

      A.    In ―slab-on-grade‖ constructed buildings, conduits both in and under the
            ground floor slab are considered ―wet locations‖ where indoor-rated cabling is
            not permitted. Therefore, conduit serving the main floors of such buildings
            shall be routed in walls and ceilings - not in or under the slab. Intra-building
            and horizontal pathways shall only be installed in ―dry‖ locations where indoor
            cabling can be protected from humidity levels and condensation that are
            beyond the intended range of indoor-only rated cable.

      B.    Where conduit runs terminate at cable trays, the conduits shall be arranged in
            an organized, uniform manner to facilitate an orderly cable transition from
            conduit to cable tray.

      C.    Where conduit runs terminate in telecommunications rooms, the conduits
            shall be arranged in an organized, uniform manner to facilitate an orderly
            cable transition from conduit to backboard.

      D.    Non-metallic conduit and flex conduit shall not be used for horizontal
            pathways.

      E.    Conduits shall not be filled beyond 40%. The Designer shall verify the outer
            diameter of the cabling for a project at the time of the design to determine
            the maximum number of cables that can be placed inside a conduit without
            exceeding the 40% fill limitation.

            The following table shows the quantity of cables that can be placed in a single
            EMT conduit, based on the typical current outside diameter dimensions for
            both CMR and CMP rated CAT3, CAT5E and CAT6 cables from AMP:



                                               49
                                                                                      DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                                 HORIZONTAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
                                                                                     HORIZONTAL CABLING SYSTEMS




     TABLE 4.1     CONDUIT FILL LIMITATIONS FOR AMP NETCONNECT CABLES

           EMT Raceway                             AMP Netconnect Cables, OD (in.)
                                CAT3-CMR    CAT3-CMP    CAT5E-CMR   CAT5E-CMP    CAT6-CMR      CAT6-CMP
          Trade                  0.150        0.160       0.200        0.190        0.230        0.206
           Size    I.D. (in.)            Max # of Cables per Conduit ( @ 40% fill )
            1"       1.049         19           17          11           12           8            10
          1 1/4"     1.380         33           29          19           21           14           17
          1 1/2"     1.610         46           40          25           28           19           24
            2"       2.067         75           66          42           47           32           40
          2 1/2"     2.731        132          116          74           82           56           70
            3"       3.356        200          175         112          124           85          106
          3 1/2"     3.834        261          229         146          162          111          138
            4"       4.334        333          293         187          208          142          177


     F.    In new construction, all work area outlets shall have a minimum 1‖ conduit
           routing from the device box to an accessible cable pulling location. The
           conduit size shall be increased as necessary for the quantity of cables to be
           installed. Where new conduit is installed in existing buildings, the Designer
           shall notify CWU when existing conditions prevent the use of one-inch trade
           size conduit as a minimum conduit size.

     G.    Device boxes shall not be ―daisy-chained.‖ Each device box shall be complete
           with its own dedicated conduit to the nearest distribution point/pathway.

     H.    Junction boxes and pull boxes shall be oriented for access doors to open from
           the area where the cable installer will normally work. This is typically from
           the bottom (floor) side of the box.

     I.    Ceiling access to junction boxes and pull boxes shall be designed to allow full
           access to the door and adequate working room for both the installation
           personnel and proper looping of the cable during installation.

     J.    Junction boxes and pull boxes shall be located in spaces that are easily
           accessible during normal working hours – such as hallways and common
           areas. Junction boxes and pull boxes shall not be located in classrooms or
           offices unless there is an overriding design reason for doing so, dependent
           upon approval from CWU.

4.5.1.6 Surface Raceway

     A.    Surface raceway may be permissible in areas where no suitable alternatives
           exist. Surface raceway shall conform to bend radius requirements for
           Category 6 and fiber optic cable.

     B.    Surface raceway may be either plastic or metal. For Residence buildings,
           surface plastic raceway shall not be used without permission from CWU on a
           project-by-project basis.




                                                       50
                                                                           DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                       HORIZONTAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
                                                                          HORIZONTAL CABLING SYSTEMS




4.5.2 HORIZONTAL CABLING SYSTEMS


4.5.2.1    General

      A.     The Designer shall work with the CWU FP&CS Project Manager and the CWU
             ITS staff to identify and understand the needs and requirements for the
             facility on a project-by-project basis. This includes understanding the
             expected future uses of the facility. The Designer shall design the horizontal
             cabling accordingly.

      B.     CWU has standardized on the AMP Netconnect® Structured Cabling System
             product line for inside plant copper telecommunications infrastructure. CWU
             has also standardized on the Corning Cable Systems LANscape® fiber optic
             cabling product line for all fiber optic cabling, both inside plant and outside
             plant. Therefore, telecommunications infrastructure designs and
             specifications shall be based upon these manufacturer’s products.

      C.     For the purposes of this document, references to Category 6 cable shall be
             interpreted as AMP Netconnect® Category 6 UTP cable.

      D.     In addition to the manufacturers listed above, CWU has selected several
             manufacturers of products for telecommunications cabling systems (cable,
             connectors, termination blocks, patch panels, etc.) and telecommunications
             distribution hardware (racks, cable tray, enclosures, etc.). These
             manufacturers and their products are identified in the TCGS. The Designer
             shall incorporate only these manufacturers into the design, and shall design a
             telecommunications distribution system that will be suitable for the use of
             products from these manufacturers.

      E.     Generally, the eight-position pin/pair assignment for new cabling in new
             construction shall be the T568A configuration. The T568B configuration shall
             only be used in the following two cases (but only after receiving written
             approval from the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist):

             1. For new cabling in a new building on an existing site, when the T568A
                configuration does not exist anywhere on the campus.
             2. For new cabling added to existing cabling in an existing building, where
                the existing cabling is to remain in operation and where the T568A
                configuration does not exist anywhere in that building.

             In all other cases, new cabling shall be terminated using the T568A
             configuration.

      F.     Splitting of wire pairs degrades the performance of the split pairs and voids
             the AMP Netconnect® warranty.

             1. Under no circumstances shall cable pairs be split or removed from the
                back of a modular jack or patch panel. All four (4) pairs of each horizontal
                distribution cable must be terminated to a single eight (8)-position, eight
                (8)-conductor jack.
             2. To support an additional telephone at a work area on existing cable, install
                                                51
                                                                           DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                       HORIZONTAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
                                                                          HORIZONTAL CABLING SYSTEMS




                 an external line-splitting device on the outside of the faceplate and
                 connect the additional cross-connect wires to the appropriate pins on the
                 connecting blocks in the TR.

4.5.2.2    Horizontal Cross-connect (HC)

      A.      CWU has standardized on termination blocks for terminating horizontal
              telecommunications media. All horizontal cabling shall be terminated on 110
              termination blocks, regardless of the intended use of the horizontal cabling,
              including cabling that will be used for voice, data or video.

      B.      The only exception is horizontal cabling serving Computer Labs which shall be
              terminated on patch panels.

4.5.2.3    Horizontal Cable to Support Data Applications

      A.      At CWU facilities, horizontal distribution copper cable and components for
              data applications shall be rated-for and installed to support the IEEE 802.3ab
              1000Base-T Gigabit Ethernet standard.

      B.      In new installations, horizontal cable supporting data applications (and all
              other low voltage systems that are capable of operating with 24 AWG UTP
              copper cabling) shall be AMP Netconnect® 4-pair Category 6 cable.
              1. Category 6 cables shall be terminated at the work area end with AMP
                  Netconnect® modular jacks.
              2. Modular jack color shall be coordinated with CWU by the Designer.

      C.      In existing buildings, where additions are made to an existing Category 5 or
              5E installation, the Designer shall seek direction from CWU regarding whether
              to install Category 5E or Category 6 cabling. If the number of additional
              cables to be installed is small compared to the installed base, CWU will likely
              wish to add new Category 5E cabling. On the contrary, if the number of new
              cables to be installed is relatively large, the additions shall be made using
              AMP Netconnect® Category 6 cable and matching components. Where
              Category 6 cabling is installed among other different cable types, the color of
              the Category 6 sheath shall be different from other existing cable.
              1. Category 5 cable and components shall not be purchased or installed.
              2. Category 5E or 6 cables shall be terminated at the work area end with an
                  AMP Netconnect® modular jack matching the category of the cabling.
              3. Modular jack color shall be coordinated with CWU by the Designer.

4.5.2.4    Horizontal Cable to Support Voice Applications

      A.      Horizontal distribution cable intended to support voice services shall be the
              same AMP Netconnect® 4-pair Category 6 cable that is used for data
              applications. This cabling shall meet the same test requirements as cabling
              intended for data applications.

      B.      In existing buildings with Category 3 cabling serving voice applications, where
              5 or fewer voice cables are to be added to the existing horizontal cabling
              system, AMP Netconnect® 4-pair Category 3 cable or a Netconnect®
              approved substitute of equivalent or better performance are permissible.
                                                 52
                                                                           DESIGN CRITERIA
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                                                                          HORIZONTAL CABLING SYSTEMS




              1. If more than 5 voice cables are required, AMP Netconnect® 4-pair
                 Category 5E cable or Category 6 cable shall be used. The Designer shall
                 request direction on this issue from the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist
                 on a project-by-project basis.

4.5.2.5    Horizontal Cable to Support Serial Cabling Applications

      A.      CWU uses Category 6 cable for a number of applications that require serial
              telecommunications, including card access, point of sale, vending machines,
              laundry machines, etc. While these applications are not dependent on cabling
              that complies with ANSI/TIA/EIA 568B standards (in particular regarding
              cable length limits) it is desirable to comply with these standards wherever
              possible to provide the greatest degree of flexibility for future uses.

      B.      At the application end of the cable, the Designer shall require the Contractor
              to provide a 50-foot coil for future termination by CWU, and the cable shall be
              left coiled in the nearest pathway or distribution point that will accommodate
              the coil.

      C.      At the TR end of the cable, the Category 6 cabling serving these applications
              shall be terminated at the bottom of the termination block serving the floor of
              the building where the application end of the cable is located.

      D.      The Designer shall discuss the serial cabling requirements with CWU on a
              project-by-project basis and shall expect each building to have unique
              requirements.

4.5.2.6    Horizontal Cable to Support Low Voltage and Building Automation Systems

      A.      During planning for intra-building telecommunications cabling installations,
              the Designer shall identify options for supporting power limited (low voltage)
              and building automation systems with the common structured cabling system,
              and present the options to CWU for consideration. These options shall comply
              with ANSI/TIA/EIA 862 – Building Automation Systems Cabling Standard for
              Commercial Buildings.

      B.      By providing a common cabling distribution system for the various building
              automation systems, it may be possible to reduce construction costs and
              operational costs while creating an intelligent building that can contribute
              many other benefits (see TDMM Chapter 19 for further information). Low
              voltage systems that are capable of using a common structured cabling
              system (either backbone or horizontal cabling) shall be designed to use the
              AMP Netconnect® Structured Cabling System cable and termination hardware
              wherever possible.

      C.      The Designer shall request from CWU a list of systems that will require
              telecommunications outlets for operations. The Designer shall then include
              outlets in the design as necessary to meet the listed requirements.




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                                                                                    DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                                  BACKBONE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
                                                                                   HORIZONTAL CABLING SYSTEMS




4.5.2.7    Patch Cords

      A.     Patch cords shall be AMP Netconnect® factory-manufactured patch cords.
             Patch cords shall be certified by the manufacturer to match the cable type
             used in the horizontal distribution.

             1. Category 6 patch cords shall be used with all horizontal cabling
                applications, regardless of its category rating.
             2. Field connectorized patch cords are not acceptable. Any existing field-
                connectorized patch cords used in areas affected by a project shall be
                replaced under the project with factory assembled Category 6 patch cords.
                See Table 4.2 below for information regarding the 110-block termination
                of patch cords.

      B.     The Designer shall quantify and specify the required patch cords in the
             Contract Documents to be provided by the Contractor for each particular
             project, as shown in Table 4.2, below:

      TABLE 4.2      PATCH CORD REQUIREMENTS

                   Patch Cord          All Buildings Except                     Residence Halls
                  Applications           Residence Halls
              Work Area Data       Typically require CAT6 patch        Do not require patch cords to be
                                   cords to be provided by the         provided by the Contractor.
                                   Contractor for each known           Students will provide their own
                                   immediate use plus 10% spare.       patch cords.
                                   This shall be confirmed with the
                                   CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist
                                   on a case-by-case basis.
              Work Area Voice      Do not require patch cords to be    Do not require patch cords to be
                                   provided by the Contractor.         provided by the Contractor.
                                   Patch cords are typically provided Students will provide their own
                                   with telephone equipment.           patch cords.
              Telecommunications   Require the Contractor to provide CAT6 patch cords, at least 30 feet in
              Room Data            length. The Contractor shall be required to cut the patch cords in half
                                   and terminate the cut end of each patch cord on the 110-block for each
                                   data connection. The Contractor shall be required to connect the
                                   modular end of the patch cord to a network switch port, and shall
                                   route/groom the patch cords from the 110 blocks through the cable
                                   management to the network switches.

                                    For Academic buildings, require     For Residence Halls, CWU ITS
                                    the Contractor to provide a         may wish to ―turn-up‖ all or just a
                                    quantity equal to the number of     portion of the ports. The
                                    known immediate use                 Designer shall contact CWU ITS
                                    requirements divided by two         for direction. A possible formula
                                    (cords will be cut in half) plus 5% for calculating the number of
                                    spare patch cords.                  patch cords that the Contractor
                                                                        shall be required to provide is a
                                                                        quantity equal to the number of
                                                                        residents (at full capacity) divided
                                                                        by two (cords will be cut in half)
                                                                        plus 5% spare patch cords.
              Telecommunications   Jumper wire shall be provided by the Contractor for making cross-
              Room Voice           connections. No patch cords required.




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                                                                                DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                             BACKBONE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
                                                                         INTRA-BUILDING BACKBONE PATHWAYS




4.6 BACKBONE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS

       Please refer to the Backbone Distribution Systems section of the BICSI TDMM, the
       Pathways and Spaces section and the Cabling section of the BICSI CO-OSP, and the
       Installing Backbone Pathways section of the BICSI TCIM for general information
       regarding the design of backbone distribution pathway and cabling. The following
       requirements take precedence over the BICSI TDMM, the BICSI CO-OSP, and the
       BICSI TCIM guidelines for telecommunications infrastructure at CWU facilities:

4.6.1 INTRA-BUILDING BACKBONE PATHWAYS

       A.     Intra-building backbone pathway shall utilize a physical star topology.
              Backbone raceway shall consist of conduit, chases or shafts, sleeves, and/or
              ladder racking.

       B.     In new construction and full remodel projects, all telecommunications rooms
              shall have a direct pathway connection to the main telecommunications room
              in the building (which typically serves as the entrance facility). Backbone
              pathways between two intermediate telecommunications rooms are generally
              not required.

              1. For light remodel construction, it may be prudent (due to budgetary or
                 other project limitations) to design the intra-building backbone pathway in
                 an arrangement that sub-feeds an intermediate telecommunications room
                 from another intermediate telecommunications room.

              2. Even though pathway from one telecommunications room may connect to
                 another telecommunications room before connecting to the main
                 telecommunications room, backbone cabling shall not cross-connect in the
                 interposing telecommunications room — intra-building backbone cabling
                 shall be continuous (non-spliced) between the main telecommunications
                 room and each intermediate telecommunications room.

4.6.1.1     Backbone Raceway Size and Quantity Requirements

       A.     Future growth requirements shall be considered when sizing intra-building
              backbone pathways. The cost to install additional spare pathways during
              initial construction is significantly less than the cost of retrofitting additional
              pathway in the future.

       B.     In general, for new construction and full remodel projects, CWU requires a
              minimum of one 4‖ EMT conduit (or sleeve) and two spare 4‖ conduits (or
              sleeves) between the main telecommunications room/entrance facility and
              each intermediate telecommunications room.

4.6.1.1.1 Single-story buildings

       A.     For single-story buildings with multiple telecommunications rooms, 4‖ conduit
              pathways shall be routed through the ceiling, not in or under the floor slab.
              The Designer shall determine the number of 4‖ conduits required to serve
              initial and future backbone cabling requirements.

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                                                                          DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                        BACKBONE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
                                                                     INTRA-BUILDING BACKBONE CABLING




              1. In cases where it is not possible to route 4‖ conduits to each of the
                 telecommunications rooms, three 2‖ conduits may be substituted for each
                 required 4‖ conduit.

4.6.1.1.2 Multi-story buildings

       A.     In new construction and full remodel projects, telecommunications rooms
              shall be stacked wherever possible. Sleeves may be substituted for conduit if
              the telecommunications rooms are stacked. Sleeved vertical pathways shall
              be extended to the roof (or to an attic space with access to the roof), to
              facilitate access for future roof or side-of-building mounted
              telecommunications equipment.

       B.     Ladder racking shall be vertically mounted in the stacked telecommunications
              rooms to route and support backbone cable passing from the room below to
              upper rooms.

       C.     If design constraints prevent vertical stacking of telecommunications rooms, a
              centrally located vertical pathway (chase) shall be provided and shall be
              dedicated to the telecommunications distribution system. This pathway shall
              have a minimum cross-sectional area of 2 ft2, shall be accessible at a
              maximum interval length of 3 feet, and shall extend to the roof or attic space.

              1. 4‖ conduits shall be routed between the vertical chase and the
                 telecommunications rooms on each floor. The Designer shall determine
                 the number of 4‖ conduits required to serve initial and future backbone
                 cabling requirements.

              2. In cases where it is not possible to route 4‖ conduits to each of the
                 telecommunications rooms from the vertical chase, three 2‖ conduits may
                 be substituted for each required 4‖ conduit.

4.6.2 INTRA-BUILDING BACKBONE CABLING


4.6.2.1 Intra-building Backbone Cable Types

       A.     CWU uses three types of telecommunications cabling for intra-building
              backbone systems:

                 24 AWG UTP -- used for voice or analog applications
                 Multimode fiber optic, 62.5/125µm, graded index, extended grade (200
                  Mhz @ 850nm) – used for data and voice applications
                 Singlemode fiber optic – used for data, video, and voice applications

       B.     In addition, CWU occasionally uses Category 6 UTP for connections between
              telecommunications rooms (or between telecommunications rooms and ER’s)
              that do not exceed 295 feet. This requires approval on a project-by-project
              basis.

       C.     CWU does not use 50/125µm multimode fiber optic cabling. CWU uses
              singlemode fiber wherever 62.5/125µm fiber is unable to meet the
                                                56
                                                                            DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                          BACKBONE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
                                                             INTER-BUILDING (CAMPUS) BACKBONE PATHWAYS




             requirements of a particular application.

4.6.2.2 Strand and Pair Counts

      A.     Each telecommunications room shall be served with multimode fiber,
             singlemode fiber, and 24 AWG UTP copper intra-building backbone cables.

      B.     Backbone cable sizing (pairs / strands) shall be considered with respect to
             possible future requirements. The cost to add additional backbone pairs and
             strands during the initial installation is significantly less than the cost of
             adding another cable in the future.

      C.     The minimum number of UTP backbone cable pairs to be provided shall be
             equal to the number of horizontal cable ports served by the
             telecommunications room in which the port is terminated, plus one hundred
             percent expansion capability. At a minimum, require the Contractor to
             provide each telecommunications room with a 50-pair UTP cable.

      D.     The minimum number of multimode fiber optic strands to be provided shall be
             equal to 2 strands per piece of equipment being hosted in the
             telecommunications room plus one hundred percent expansion capability. At
             a minimum, require the Contractor to provide each telecommunications room
             with a 12-strand multimode fiber optic cable.

      E.     The minimum number of singlemode fiber optic strands to be provided shall
             be 12. Additional singlemode strands shall be considered on a project-by-
             project basis.

      F.     CWU permits the appropriate use of hybrid singlemode/multimode fiber optic
             cabling, and allows both types of fiber to be terminated on separate
             bulkheads in a single fiber optic patch panel.

4.6.2.3 Cable Segregation

      A.     In no case shall copper or fiber optic backbone cabling be run in the same
             raceways as those used by electrical power conductors.

4.6.2.4 Innerduct

      A.     Intra-building fiber optic backbone cabling shall be designed using innerduct.

      B.     The practice of populating a conduit with spare innerduct for future use is not
             permitted.

4.6.3 INTER-BUILDING (CAMPUS) BACKBONE PATHWAYS


4.6.3.1    Telecommunications Outside Plant Pathway Master Plan

      A.     Each design for installation on the CWU campus is expected to conform to and
             integrate with the CWU Telecommunications Outside Plant Pathway Master
             Plan. This plan provides a 10-year strategy for the use and expansion of the
                                                57
                                                                                          DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                                        BACKBONE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
                                                                           INTER-BUILDING (CAMPUS) BACKBONE PATHWAYS




              underground telecommunication pathways at the CWU campus.

      B.      The Master Plan divides the campus into nine areas, called ―clusters.‖ Each
              building within a cluster is connected via OSP telecommunications pathway
              (ductbank) to a building within the cluster that serves as the ―cluster hub.‖
              The cluster hub buildings are in turn connected via OSP telecommunications
              pathway to the Telecommunications Center, forming a standards-compliant
              two-level hierarchical star topology as shown the Figure below:

              TWO-LEVEL HIERARCHICAL STAR TOPOLOGY


                                                        COMM
                                                       CENTER




                          BUILDING                     BUILDING                     BUILDING
                          CLUSTER                      CLUSTER                      CLUSTER
                            HUB                          HUB                          HUB




                 BUILDING BUILDING BUILDING   BUILDING BUILDING BUILDING   BUILDING BUILDING BUILDING




4.6.3.2    General Design Considerations

      An OSP pathway system designed with attention to CWU’s standards and future
      needs provides for ease of administration, maintenance, future expansion, and
      replacement of cabling as technology changes.

      At the start of the project, the Designer shall request direction from CWU regarding
      the following aspects of an OSP pathway design:

          Proposed pathway routing
          Aesthetic requirements (exposed conduits on building walls, etc.)
          Long range construction plans for buildings, paved areas, opens spaces, etc.
          Any unique circumstances that may be specific to the project

4.6.3.3    Ductbank


4.6.3.3.1 Conduit Types

      A.      CWU requires 4‖ Schedule 40 PVC for all outside plant pathway except ducts
              serving Blue Light Emergency Telephones which shall be trade-size 1½‖
              conduit.

      B.      OSP conduit shall transition from PVC to PVC-coated rigid steel conduit when
              it enters within 10-feet of the building foundation and shall route from that
              point to the building entrance facility. PVC-coated, rigid steel conduit is

                                                          58
                                                                              DESIGN CRITERIA
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             intended to defend against the shearing effects of differential ground settling
             around the building foundation. It also increases the protection against future
             landscaping activities near the building.

                Transitioning back to PVC conduit after passing five feet inside the
                 building foundation is acceptable as long as the conduit remains in or
                 under the slab, otherwise it shall transition to rigid galvanized steel
                 conduit.

                The design shall require that a slack loop be installed inside the nearest
                 maintenance hole or handhole (not stored in the TR). The Designer shall
                 require that sufficient racking hardware be provided in the maintenance
                 hole or handhole to support the slack loop.

                The length of the loop shall be a minimum of 25 feet. The Designer shall
                 consider the arrangement of the telecommunications room and the
                 possibility of a rearrangement that might consume the cable slack. If
                 necessary, additional slack shall be required in the design, up to the NEC
                 limit of 50 feet of exposed OSP-rated cabling.

                A maximum of fifty feet of outdoor-rated cable is permitted in a building
                 space. Therefore, rigid galvanized steel conduit shall be used to route the
                 cable until will be it is close enough to its termination point that fifty feet
                 or less outdoor-rated cable (including slack loops) will be exposed.

      C.     The use of flexible metallic conduit and flexible non-metallic conduit is
             prohibited.

4.6.3.3.2 Burial Depth and Slope

      A.     Campus distribution conduits shall be buried a minimum of 30 inches deep.
             Where this minimum depth cannot be achieved due to physical constraints,
             approval for burial at an alternative depth may be requested through the ADR
             process.

                As an absolute requirement, conduits shall be buried beneath the frost
                 line. The Kittitas County Building and Construction Code 14.04.020 lists
                 the frost line at 24 inches in Ellensburg. (See
                 http://www.co.kittitas.wa.us/boc/countycode/title14.asp for further
                 information.)

      B.     Conduit to be used for routing entrance cables from third party service
             providers to an entrance facility shall be installed per the service providers’
             requirements, generally 36 to 48 inches deep. The Designer shall consult
             with the service providers prior to designing conduits serving an entrance
             facility.

      C.     A continuous drain slope should exist at all points along the ductbank to allow
             drainage and prevent the accumulation of water.
              A drain slope of ¼‖ per foot is desirable where possible.
              Where ¼‖ per foot is not possible due to inadequate natural slope or long
                 duct runs, a drain slope of no less than 1/8‖ per foot is acceptable.

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                                                                             DESIGN CRITERIA
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                If no other option exists, require the Contractor to provide a ―center
                 crown‖ drain slope by sloping the first half of the ductbank up towards the
                 midpoint, and then down from the midpoint to the end. Of course, the
                 center crown technique can not be used for conduits between a
                 maintenance hole and a building, because water would then drain into the
                 building.

4.6.3.3.3 Conduit Sweeps (Bends)

      A.     CWU has standardized on the use of factory-manufactured sweeps with a
             minimum bend radius of 48‖ for all OSP ductbanks with the following
             exceptions and alternatives:

                Shallow curves comprised of continuous lengths of individual straight RNC
                 conduit are permissible with a minimum sweep radius of 40 feet.

                Where cabling larger than 400-PR UTP copper is intended to be installed,
                 conduit bends shall have a radius larger than 48‖. The Designer shall
                 consult with the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist on a case-by-case basis
                 to select appropriately-sized conduit sweeps.

      B.     The Designer shall minimize the effects of sidewall pressure between the
             cable and conduit at bend points where possible by designing bends with the
             most tightest bend radii to be near the cable feed end of the duct section
             rather than the middle or end of the duct bank.

4.6.3.3.4 Concrete Encasement

      CWU has standardized on concrete encasement with full length reinforcement and
      formed sides for all ductbanks except ducts serving Blue Light Emergency Telephones
      which shall not be encased in concrete.

      A.     Prior to concrete being poured, the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist or a
             designated representative shall observe the OSP conduit installation to
             identify unacceptable installations that need to be corrected prior to concrete
             encasement.

      B.     In general, direct-buried conduit ductbanks are not permissible, unless
             extenuating circumstances warrant and approved by CWU through the ADR
             process. Should the use of direct-buried conduit ductbank be warranted, the
             Designer shall ensure that all bends in the ductbanks are encased in concrete.

4.6.3.3.5 Number of Ducts

      A.     The OSP pathway system shall accommodate the requirements for signal and
             low voltage cabling systems at CWU facilities. The Designer shall inquire with
             CWU staff about the potential for future buildings or building expansions that
             may adversely affect an existing or proposed distribution pathway and
             accommodate those plans within the design.

      B.     The number of ducts in a ductbank should meet the needs of the specific
             application and should offer future expansion capability. The following list is a

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               guideline for consideration when designing a new ductbank.

                  Small utility buildings up to 5,000 sq. ft.: 2 ducts (approvable on a case-
                   by-case basis)
                  Buildings up to 100,000 sq. ft.: 4 ducts
                  Buildings 100,000 sq. ft. to 300,000 sq. ft.: 6 ducts
                  Buildings larger than 300,000 sq. ft.: multiple redundant entrances with 6
                   ducts each
                  Building serving as a Cluster Hub Building: 6 ducts
                  Pathway between Cluster Hub Buildings and the Telecommunications
                   Center: 4 ducts

4.6.3.3.6 Ductbank Length

       A.      In general, ductbank systems shall be designed with section lengths
               averaging 400 feet and as straight as possible.

       B.      The maximum permissible ductbank length (between maintenance holes
               and/or buildings) is 600 ft. Ductbank runs that exceed this distance require
               intermediate maintenance holes or handholes. This requirement may be
               waived through the ADR process in rare cases having the following conditions:
                The duct run is straight.
                The Designer can demonstrate that the pulling tension of several typical
                   OSP telecommunications cable types will not be exceeded during
                   installation.

4.6.3.3.7 Separation from Other Utilities

       A.      In general, ductbank used as pathway for telecommunications and other low
               voltage cabling should not be routed with other utilities. Budgetary
               constraints, space limitations, and various obstructions can make this difficult
               to achieve at times. Should shared routing be a necessity (perhaps for
               overbuild construction projects), the Designer shall ensure that adequate
               separation exists between ducts used for telecommunications and ducts used
               for other utilities.

       B.      The pathway system shall be designed such that telecommunications and
               other low voltage systems do not share conduits, maintenance holes,
               handholes or tunnels with the electrical power distribution system. The
               telecommunications distribution pathway shall also maintain minimum
               separation distances from electrical power distribution infrastructure as
               required by CWU.

       The vertical and horizontal separation requirements for OSP telecommunications
       pathways from other underground utility infrastructure are as follows:
4.6.3.3.7.1 PROXIMITY TO POWER OR OTHER FOREIGN CONDUITS
       NESC requirements state that outside plant telecommunications conduits shall not be
       installed closer to power conduits or other unidentified underground conduits than:

       o    3‖ where the surrounding material is concrete
       o    4‖ where the surrounding material is masonry

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       o    12‖ where the surrounding material is well-tamped earth

       The NESC requirements above are focused on safety issues, and the performance of
       telecommunications systems can be negatively affected by the presence of nearby
       sources of EMI, even though the NESC safety-related separation requirements are
       met. Where the Designer is concerned about EMI due to the proximity of power
       distribution infrastructure, the Designer shall discuss the issue with the CWU ITS
       Infrastructure Specialist.
4.6.3.3.7.2 PROXIMITY TO WATER, GAS OR OIL CONDUITS
       Outside plant telecommunications conduits shall not be installed closer to conduits
       that can be identified as not containing electrical power distribution conductors than:

       o    6‖ where the conduits cross
       o    12‖ where the conduits run in parallel with each other

       Telecommunications conduits running in parallel with water, gas or oil conduits shall
       not be installed vertically above the other conduits, but rather to the side of the
       conduits. This arrangement should contribute to decreased disruption to the
       telecommunications conduits in the event of excavation maintenance activities
       associated with the other nearby conduits.
4.6.3.3.7.3 PROXIMITY TO STEAM LINES AND STEAM UTILIDORS
       A.      A minimum separation distance of 12‖ is required between a steam utilidor
               and telecommunications conduits.

       B.      Steam lines pose two primary risks to telecommunications cabling:

                  Under steady state operating conditions, objects in the vicinity of steam
                   lines may warm due to heat lost through the insulation of the steam line.
                   As the temperature of telecommunications cabling increases, its
                   performance can degrade. In situations where there is concern about the
                   risk of exposure to steady state heat, the separation distance between the
                   steam line and telecommunications infrastructure shall be increased.

                  In the event of a steam line failure in the proximity of telecommunications
                   infrastructure, significant damage to the conduits and cabling can result
                   from the high temperature steam. In situations where there is concern
                   about the risk of exposure to high temperatures from steam line failure
                   events, the design shall require telecommunications conduits shall be
                   encased within an insulating sleeve in the vicinity of the risk.

       C.      High temperature insulation may be necessary to protect telecommunications
               conduits and cabling.

       D.      CWU’s practice is to install steam lines in utilidors, rather than to direct-bury
               the steam lines. The utilidors are typically 3 to 4 feet high, and may be
               buried with 0 to 2 feet of surface cover. Therefore, the bottom of most
               utilidors on campus is typically somewhere between 3 and 6 feet deep.

       E.      The Designer shall field-investigate the actual utilidor routing in cooperation
               with CWU surveying staff to identify accurate field conditions. Potholing to

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               confirm record drawing information is typically required.

       F.      Where physical conditions appear to preclude compliance with the following
               requirements, an Alternative Design Request shall be submitted
               demonstrating solutions for mitigating exposure to worse-case conditions,
               including steam line failure where steam vents in the direction of the
               telecommunications conduits.

4.6.3.3.7.3.1 Crossing Above Steam Utilidors

       A.      Due to the requirement to bury conduit beneath the frost line, a cover depth
               of 43 inches is required for a topside conduit crossing. Unless a utilidor has at
               least this much topside cover, it will not be possible to install a single-level
               conduit ductbank over the top of the utilidor while maintaining 12‖ separation
               from the top of the utilidor and while keeping the conduit below the frost line.

                  It is unlikely that a circumstance permitting a topside crossing will occur
                   at CWU.

       B.      Telecommunications ductbanks shall not cross over the top of a steam utilidor
               in a live load area where vehicle traffic passes without specific CWU approval.

4.6.3.3.7.3.2 Crossing Beneath Steam Utilidors

       A.      Most commonly, where telecommunications conduits must cross a steam
               utilidor, the conduits must cross underneath the utilidor. Care shall be taken
               to avoid creating a dip in the conduit at this point where water will collect –
               the conduit slope shall be designed to permit any water entering the conduits
               to drain out. The following diagram depicts this concept:




       B.      The Designer shall design a utilidor crossing similar to the pre-approved
               solution shown in the diagram above or some other solution that
               accomplishes a utilidor crossing without trapped water and without risking
               cable damage due to nearby steam heat. The Designer shall include details of
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               any steam utilidor crossings in the Construction Documents.

4.6.3.3.7.3.3 Direct Buried Steam Lines

       A.      If it becomes necessary to install telecommunications conduits in the vicinity
               of direct-buried steam lines, the following requirements apply:

                  Telecommunications conduits shall not be installed closer than 12 inches
                   to steam lines, and shall perpendicularly cross the steam lines.
                  Direct-buried steam lines within 12 to 24 inches of telecommunications
                   conduits shall be encased with an insulated pipe sleeve surrounding the
                   steam line. The sleeve shall be constructed from a material designed to
                   withstand steam temperatures and protect against physical/mechanical
                   damage from jets of steam. The insulated sleeve shall extend at least 5
                   feet on both sides of the crossing point of the telecommunications
                   conduits.

4.6.3.3.8 Innerduct

       A.      While OSP innerduct for fiber optic cabling has been used on past CWU
               telecommunications projects, CWU no longer installs innerduct on its projects
               unless the application specifically requires it.

       B.      In the event that OSP innerduct is needed, sufficient innerduct to meet the
               needs shall be designed into the project. However, spare innerduct shall not
               be included.

4.6.3.3.9 Coordination with Utility Service Providers

       The Designer shall inquire with CWU to determine whether services from utility
       service providers will be necessary. If so, the Designer shall contact the utilities to
       obtain their entrance pathway, entrance facility and demarcation point requirements.

4.6.3.4     Maintenance Holes and Handholes

       A.      Typically, maintenance holes are installed for main ductbanks (i.e. ductbanks
               used for routing large portions of the telecommunications system backbone),
               and handholes/pullholes are installed for subsidiary ductbanks (i.e. ductbanks
               serving small clusters of buildings or a single building).

       B.      Maintenance holes and their covers shall be appropriately sized for the
               application.

                  Covers for maintenance holes and handholes shall be either lockable or
                   use bolts to prevent unauthorized access.

                  Diamond plate hinged covers and removable diamond plate covers are not
                   permitted for maintenance holes at CWU.

       C.      Telecommunications maintenance holes and handholes shall not be shared
               with electrical power distribution infrastructure. In general, powered devices
               should not be located in telecommunications maintenance holes and

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              handholes.

      D.      The number of duct entrances in a maintenance hole or handhole should be
              sized for both immediate and future requirements. Also, splayed duct
              entrance arrangements are preferred over center entrances.

                 It is desirable to have ducts enter and exit from opposite ends of a
                  maintenance hole or handhole. Sidewall duct entrances should be
                  avoided because such entrances may obstruct racking space, may cause
                  cable bends to exceed limits, may interfere with cable maintenance
                  activities, and may increase construction costs during cable installation.

                 CWU recognizes that sidewall duct entry may be necessary or desirable in
                  some circumstances. In these cases, sidewall ducts shall enter and exit at
                  diagonally opposite corners - ducts shall not enter and exit at the
                  midpoints of the endwalls or sidewalls. The Designer shall ensure that
                  endwall and sidewall duct entry in a maintenance hole or handhole will not
                  hinder the proper installation and maintenance of cabling.

      E.      Ducts shall be designed to enter the maintenance holes and handholes
              starting at the lowest conduit knockouts and moving upward, preserving
              remaining knockouts accessible for future conduit additions. The Designer
              shall design the duct entrances such that the relative position of each duct
              does not change as it enters and exits the maintenance hole or handhole.
              Also, the Designer shall endeavor to design ductbank arrangements so that
              the conduits enter and exit a sequence of maintenance holes or handholes in
              the same relative positions.

      F.      Splices in backbone fiber optic cable are not allowed, and while splices in
              backbone copper cable may be permitted in some rare cases (through an
              approved ADR), they are discouraged. However, when sizing OSP
              telecommunications maintenance holes, the design shall require the
              Contractor to provide space for possible future splice closures when required
              (for example, to repair cable breaks when and if possible).

      G.      Some situations may require placement of maintenance holes at below-typical
              depths. In such cases, the top of the maintenance hole shall be placed at
              normal depth and the height of maintenance hole shall increased through the
              use of intermediate riser extensions between the base and the top. CWU
              wishes to avoid deep-collar entrance portals to improve lighting and
              ventilation wherever possible. Where the collar will exceed 24‖ in height, the
              Designer shall require that the collar be equipped with permanently affixed
              galvanized steps (rungs).

4.6.3.5    Aerial Distribution

      Aerial distribution of telecommunications cabling at CWU facilities is not authorized.
      If an application requires aerial distribution, permission to use this method shall be
      requested through the ―Alternative Design Request‖ process.




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4.6.3.6    Bridge and Waterway Crossings

      The Designer shall review the construction of bridge and waterway crossing
      distribution systems for compliance with the design. The design and installation shall
      also be reviewed, approved, and inspected by the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist
      or designee.

4.6.3.7    Wireless and Radio System Distribution

      A.      CWU facilities frequently use wireless or radio systems for telecommunications
              with mobile units and personnel, both on and off of the campus. These
              systems typically use one or more radio antennas connected by cabling to
              radio transceiver equipment. In some cases, the radio equipment may be
              interfaced into the telephone system. The outside plant telecommunications
              substructure shall be designed with adequate cable routing pathways between
              antenna locations, radio transceiver locations, and the telephone backbone
              cabling system.

      B.      Radio antenna transmission cables that connect the antenna to the radio
              transceiver emit radio frequency (RF) radiation. These cables may be routed
              through the common telecommunications ductbank and maintenance hole
              system if necessary, but shall be routed in a separate conduit from other
              telecommunications cables. Cables containing RF radiation shall be shielded
              cables.

      C.      Radio interconnection cables (for analog or digital signaling to remote radio
              operating positions or to the telephone system) typically emit low levels of
              radio frequency radiation. These interconnection cables shall be routed
              through the common telecommunications ductbank and maintenance hole
              system. Individual conduits may be shared for these interconnection cables
              and other telecommunications services, and available cable pairs in telephone
              backbone cables may be used for these interconnections, provided that the
              signaling is analog or digital signaling, and is not direct radio frequency
              signal.

4.6.4 CAMPUS CABLING


4.6.4.1    General

      A.      CWU uses three types of telecommunications media for the campus backbone
              system:

                 24 AWG UTP (copper) – used for voice, analog signaling, and various
                  metering applications
                 Singlemode Fiber Optic – used for data, video, and increasingly, voice
                  applications
                 62.5/125 um Multimode Fiber Optic – used primarily for data applications
                  and various metering applications.

              CWU does not use 50/125µm multimode fiber optic cabling on campus. CWU
              uses singlemode fiber wherever the existing 62.5/125µm fiber is unable to
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             meet the requirements of a particular application.

      B.     Each building shall be provided with the above three types of
             telecommunications media.

      C.     As discussed in the Preface section of this document, telecommunications
             distribution systems designed for CWU facilities are expected to support and
             integrate all low voltage, power limited signal systems and Building
             Automation Systems that convey information within and between buildings
             wherever practicable.

                During planning of backbone cable installations, the opportunity for these
                 systems to use the common structured cabling system shall be evaluated
                 by the Designer and discussed with CWU. The backbone cabling design
                 shall reflect the needs and requirements identified during these
                 discussions.

      D.     Where cables are to be pulled through maintenance holes and handholes, the
             duct selected for cable installation shall be the same as it enters and exits the
             maintenance hole or handhole. Changes in duct selections, especially in
             elevations, should be avoided to reduce the risk of damage to cable sheaths
             and to minimize pulling tension.

      E.     Ducts shall be assigned during the course of design, not during construction.
             Duct assignments must be approved by CWU prior to the release of
             construction documents. If a choice of ducts to use is available, the bottom
             ducts should be used first in order to facilitate future cable placement.

      F.     Cabling entering a building should be routed so as not to block or obstruct the
             planned usage or expansion of any other facility that occupies or will occupy
             the space.

      G.     Telecommunications backbone cables shall be segregated by type of cable
             (fiber optic, copper, coaxial, other). Segregation can be accomplished by
             using different ducts (the most desirable solution), or by using separate
             innerducts within the same duct. Segregation is desirable because when
             maintenance work is performed on a backbone cable serving a specific
             system, work on that cable will not disrupt the functionality of other backbone
             cables serving other systems.

      H.     OSP cable shall be installed in the lowest available conduit in a ductbank,
             working up as additional cables are installed.

      I.     The use of direct buried cabling and aerial cabling is not authorized. If
             circumstances appear to justify either of these cable distribution methods, the
             Designer shall seek approval via the Alternative Design Request process.

4.6.4.2    Copper Backbone Cabling

      A.     Outside plant copper backbone cabling shall be 24 AWG UTP cabling.

      B.     CWU requires that copper backbone cabling be designed and installed in an
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             unspliced, home-run configuration.

                For copper cabling, indoor dry splice enclosures shall be provided just prior
                 to the building entrance terminals.

                For long cable runs, the longest cable reel lengths obtainable shall be
                 used. Splices shall not be used except where cable reel lengths are
                 exceeded. If splices are used, the Designer shall ensure that the splice
                 location will have enough space for storing cable slack loops after the
                 splice is completed.

                The Designer shall design OSP copper backbone cabling such that it does
                 not exceed 2,200 feet in length. This is the length limitation for the digital
                 telephone sets used on campus. Where a project appears to require
                 lengths longer than this amount, the Designer shall alert the CWU ITS
                 Infrastructure Specialist to cooperatively consider other options, including
                 the use of fiber optic cabling with remote telephone system electronics.

      C.     Typically, CWU uses OSP copper cabling that is ―outdoor-only‖ rated for its
             inter-building copper needs.

                At most end-use buildings, OSP copper cabling is spliced immediately
                 upon entrance into the building, transitioning to smaller pair-count,
                 indoor-rated cabling.

                At the Computer Center, OSP copper cabling is spliced in maintenance
                 hole G11O02 (just prior to entering the building) and is transitioned to
                 smaller pair-count OSP-rated cabling, and then it is terminated within the
                 50-foot length limitation immediately inside the building. Slack loops are
                 stored in the maintenance hole.

      D.     Inter-building copper backbone cables shall be terminated with a primary
             protector panel at each cable end. The protector units shall provide sneak-
             current protection. Building entrance terminals shall be grounded to the
             building electrical power ground.

      E.     Twisted-pair copper cabling shall not be used for inter-building data backbone
             applications.

      F.     Pressurized cabling and associated pressurization systems shall not be used at
             CWU facilities.

4.6.4.2.1 OSP Copper Pair Counts

      A.     Copper backbone cables shall be sized to support two pairs per work area,
             plus 25% growth. When calculating size, work area shall also include fax
             machines and dial-up modems. Copper backbone cables shall have a
             minimum of 25 pairs.

      B.     Backbone cable pair sizing shall be considered with respect to possible future
             requirements. The cost to add additional backbone pairs during the initial
             installation is significantly less than the cost of adding another cable in the

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              future.
               CWU uses fiber optic cabling for voice applications at some of its buildings.
                  The Designer shall inquire about whether fiber or copper cabling is to be
                  used for voice services at a facility, and shall size the copper cabling
                  accordingly.

4.6.4.3    Fiber Optic Backbone Cabling

      A.      During the Design Development phase, the Designer shall contact Corning
              Cable Systems fiber optic cable suppliers and obtain their projections of the
              lead-time requirements for fiber optic cabling. This information shall be
              submitted to CWU ITS to aid project-scheduling efforts and determine
              whether cable should be pre-ordered.

      B.      OSP fiber optic cable installed underground shall be loose tube construction
              and gel-filled or be constructed of appropriate waterproofing compounds.

      C.      CWU does not permit the design of any fiber optic cabling system that is
              dependent on splices.

      D.      Typically, CWU uses OSP fiber optic cabling that is ―Indoor/Outdoor‖ rated
              (Corning Cable Systems’ ―Freedm‖ line of products) for most of its inter-
              building fiber needs. The reason for this choice is that many (if not most) of
              the buildings on campus do not have a continuous metallic conduit from the
              point of entry to the main telecommunications room in the building and the
              length of the entrance cable typically exceeds 50 feet. This solution also
              preserves signal headroom that would be lost crossing a spliced Outdoor-to-
              Indoor rated cabling transition point.

      E.      Wherever appropriate, designs shall require hybrid singlemode/multimode
              fiber optic cabling. Both types of fiber shall be terminated on separate
              bulkheads in a single fiber optic patch panel.

      F.      The Designer shall consult with the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist prior to
              developing the fiber optic design to determine the performance requirements
              for the network electronics. Selection of fiber optic interface modules for
              network electronics will be affected by the lengths of the fiber optic cabling to
              be used by the electronics.

      G.      Fiber optic cabling shall be terminated in rack-mounted patch panels. On
              approval from CWU ITS, fiber may alternatively be terminated in wall-
              mountable connector housings secured to a plywood backboard.

              1. Where equipment racks are installed, the rack-mountable Fiber Optic
                 Interconnection Units shall be used.
              2. The standard fiber optic connector for CWU is the type 568SC Duplex.
                 When fiber additions are made to existing facilities where type 568ST
                 connectors are in use, new 568SC Duplex connectors and new Duplex SC
                 patch panels shall be used for new fiber.
              3. For full remodel and light remodel to existing facilities where type 568ST
                 connectors are currently in use, CWU may wish to re-terminate the
                 existing fiber and install 568SC Duplex connectors. The Designer shall
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                 inquire with CWU ITS for direction with this issue on a project-by-project
                 basis.
              4. All strands of a fiber optic cable shall be terminated using fusion-spliced
                 pigtail connectors. The installation of ―dark fiber‖ is not permitted.

       H.     Fiber optic cable and components shall be rated and installed to comply with
              the IEEE 802.3z 1000Mb/s (Gigabit Ethernet) standard. CWU networks
              operate at Gigabit backbone speeds.

       I.     In new construction and new conduit, fiber optic backbone cables shall be
              installed in fiber optic innerduct that routes continuously to each
              telecommunications rack or backboard location where the fiber is terminated.
              Where fiber optic cable is installed into existing conduits, the use of fiber optic
              innerduct is required if space is available. Design or installation of fiber optic
              cabling without the use of innerduct shall require approval through the
              ―Alternative Design Request‖ process.

4.6.4.3.1 OSP Fiber Strand Counts

       A.     In accordance with the CWU Telecommunications Outside Plant Master Plan,
              the following guidelines should be considered when determining appropriate
              strand counts for each type of cabling to be installed:

                   Between Cluster Hub Buildings and other buildings in the cluster:

                  Cable Type         Strands      Usage
                  Singlemode Fiber   12 strands   4 Data, 4 Video, 4 Spare
                  Multimode Fiber    24 strands   4 Data, 2 Access Control, 4 Fire Alarm, 2
                                                  HVAC Control, 2 Power Metering, 10 Spare

                   Between Cluster Hub Buildings and the Computer Center:

                  Cable Type         Strands
                  Singlemode Fiber   48 strands
                  Multimode Fiber    24 strands



4.6.4.3.2 Fiber Optic Patch Cords

       A.     Fiber optic patch cables shall be factory manufactured Corning Cable Systems
              cables
               Fiber optic patch cables shall interconnect with the site backbone using
                  Duplex SC connectors. If low voltage equipment is not available with SC
                  connectors, then hybrid fiber patch cables from Corning Cable Systems
                  shall be used.

       B.     Mode-conditioning patch cords shall be used for 1000BASE-LX runs over
              multimode fiber optic cable where the length is between 275 meters and 550
              meters:
               Between the work area outlet and the LANattached device.
               Between the TR patch panel and the LAN switch.



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4.6.4.4 Services Distributed via OSP Cabling

       At CWU, the various services carried via OSP cabling are distributed differently
       depending on the type of service and the type of building as described below. These
       issues may affect the cabling to be installed on a project.

4.6.4.4.1 Administrative/Academic Telephone Services

       A.      Telephone services are generally provided centrally at the Computer Center
               and then distributed campus-wide to campus buildings via the OSP cabling
               infrastructure.

       B.      CWU uses Voice-over IP (VOIP) on campus where it is justified. Where VOIP
               is used, it is distributed via fiber to each building rather than copper backbone
               cabling.

                  The Designer shall inquire on a project-by-project basis whether fiber for
                   VOIP or whether copper-based telephone services will be provided, which
                   may affect the number of fiber strands and copper pairs to be installed.

4.6.4.4.2 Student Telephone Services

       A.      Student telephone services are generally provided directly to each residential
               building by Ellensburg Telephone. Each residential building has its own
               demarc. Recently, however, CWU has provided analog voice services using
               CWU’s PBX to students in Kamola and Sue Lombard via copper OSP cabling.

                  The Designer shall inquire on a project-by-project basis whether CWU will
                   provide telephone services for a Residence Hall or whether it will be
                   necessary to coordinate with Ellensburg Telephone to provide telephone
                   services.

       B.      At this point, CWU intends to continue using standard analog telephone for
               student residences. There is no intention to use VOIP for students.

4.6.4.4.3 Administrative/Academic Cable Television Services

       Cable television services are generally provided centrally at the Library building
       (Media Equipment Services) and then distributed campus-wide to campus buildings
       via the coaxial and fiber optic OSP cabling infrastructure.

           The Designer shall inquire on a project-by-project basis whether OSP coaxial
            cabling, OSP fiber optic cabling or ISP coaxial cabling will be required under the
            project for television distribution to a building.

4.6.4.4.4 Student Cable Television Services

       Student cable television services are generally provided directly to each residential
       building by Charter Telecommunications. Each residential building has its own
       television demarc locations, and the utility provides its own OSP service cable to the
       building.


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          The Designer shall inquire on a project-by-project basis whether coordination
           with the utility is required and whether inside plant coaxial cabling will be
           required under the project for cable television distribution inside the building.

4.6.4.4.5 Campus Network and Internet Services

      Network and Internet services are generally provided centrally at the Computer
      Center and then distributed campus-wide to campus buildings via the OSP cabling
      infrastructure.


4.7 TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOMS AND ENCLOSURES

      Please refer to the Telecommunications Rooms and Enclosures section of the BICSI
      TDMM for general information regarding the design of telecommunications rooms.
      The following requirements take precedence over the BICSI TDMM guidelines for
      telecommunications infrastructure at CWU facilities:

      A.      In CWU facilities, the TRs in a building may also serve as low voltage systems
              equipment rooms, typically containing electronic equipment intended to serve
              the building or a portion of the building. The TR shall not be shared with
              electrical installations other than those necessary for telecommunications.

      B.      Telecommunications rooms that contain intermediate cross-connects (IC’s),
              while recognized by the ANSI/TIA/EIA standards, shall not be utilized. IC’s
              contribute significantly to the total cost of ownership for a system and
              therefore are not allowed by CWU.

4.7.1 TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOM LOCATION

      A.      The Designer shall be responsible to inform the Architect of the sizing and
              location requirements for Telecommunications Rooms during the Schematic
              Design phase of the project.

      B.      The most desirable location for telecommunications rooms is to be located as
              centrally and as closely as possible to the area being served. In addition, for
              multi-story buildings, telecommunications spaces shall be vertically aligned
              wherever possible. This allows for clean, vertical pathway to be easily
              provided to each space. It also reduces the number of bends and offsets that
              the intra-building backbone pathway must undergo as it connects each of the
              telecommunications rooms. In light remodel projects, this requirement may
              be waived due to budget or space availability limitations. Please see the
              discussion in the Intra-building Backbone Pathways section in this document
              for further information.

      C.      There shall be a minimum of one TR per building. Additional TRs shall be
              added when the area to be served exceeds 10,000 square feet or where the
              cable lengths will exceed 295 feet between a TR and the work area
              telecommunications outlet, including allowance for cable slack loops.
              Generally, each floor of a building shall be served by a TR located on that
              floor.


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      D.    Telecommunications Rooms shall not be co-located with any type of electrical
            room, mechanical room, and shall not be located directly adjacent to these
            rooms. The TR location shall maintain the separation distances identified in
            the Electromagnetic Compatibility subsection of this document.

4.7.1.1 TRs Serving Computer Labs

      A.    Prior to starting a cabling design for a computer lab, the Designer shall meet
            with CWU to determine whether to follow the CWU-standard practice of using
            termination blocks for terminating horizontal cabling (see Horizontal Cross-
            connects (HC), below), or whether a small rack-mounted Category 6 patch
            panel system is desired for terminating horizontal cabling serving the
            computer lab. A patch panel system might give the Instructor more flexibility
            in configuring the lab network, as well as the ability to easily disconnect the
            computer lab network from the building network when required. This issue
            will be addressed on a case-by-case basis.

      B.    There are two options for a cabling and equipment rack serving a computer
            lab. In either case, the rack shall be provided with standard intra-building
            backbone cabling.

            1. An enclosed, lockable cabinet (either free-standing or wall-mounted)
               located within the computer lab.

            2. A free-standing rack or wall-mounted swing rack located in a small
               telecommunications room adjoining and dedicated to the computer lab.

4.7.2 TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOM SIZING

      A.    Inadequately sized telecommunications spaces are generally not acceptable.
            However, reach-in closets and small room designs for light remodel
            construction projects may be considered through the ADR process.

      B.    Telecommunications room sizing shall be increased if other low voltage
            systems equipment is intended to be hosted in the TR, for example fire alarm
            panels, security system equipment, etc. The Designer shall seek input from
            the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist regarding room sizing.

4.7.3 ARCHITECTURAL PROVISIONING

      A.    The Designer shall be responsible to inform the Architect of the architectural
            provisioning requirements for Telecommunications Rooms and to do this early
            in the Design Development phase of the project.

      B.    The Designer shall be responsible to review project documents and determine
            that the architectural requirements for the telecommunications spaces are
            met as described in this document. For projects where an architect is
            involved, the Designer shall coordinate directly with the architect, and verify
            that the architect’s design documentation meets these requirements. For
            projects without an architect, the Designer shall alert CWU where additional
            architectural adjustments are needed to meet the requirements.

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     C.   Doors shall open out from telecommunications spaces wherever possible and
          shall be a minimum of 36‖ wide and 80‖ high, fitted with a lock. Coordinate
          lock and key requirements with CWU. Doors shall be located in hallways or
          other common areas. Telecommunications room doors shall never be located
          in another building occupant’s designated space.

     D.   Minimum clearance height within a telecommunications space shall be 8 feet.
          False ceilings (t-bar ceilings, ceiling grids, etc.) shall not be installed in
          telecommunications spaces. The floor, walls, and ceiling shall be sealed to
          reduce dust.

     E.   Finishes shall be light in color to enhance room lighting. Flooring materials
          shall be light colored, fire retardant and slip resistant — carpet is not
          acceptable for telecommunications rooms.

     F.   The walls in telecommunications rooms shall be covered with plywood
          backboards. The plywood shall be painted with two coats of white, fire
          retardant paint. The plywood shall not be fire retardant (fire retardant paint
          tends to flake off of fire retardant plywood).

             Plywood backboards shall extend from the floor to a height of eight feet
              above the finished floor.

             In TRs where the power conduits are retrofitted in a surface mounted
              fashion, it may be convenient to mount the plywood at a height of 6‖
              above the finished floor, extending to 8’6‖ above the finished floor. The 6‖
              space below the backboard can then be used to route the power conduits
              to the outlets without obstructing plywood backboard space.

4.7.4 ENVIRONMENTAL PROVISIONING

     A.   The Designer shall be responsible to inform the Mechanical Engineer of the
          environmental provisioning requirements for Telecommunications Rooms and
          to do this early in the Design Development phase of the project.

     B.   The Designer shall be responsible to determine that the mechanical (HVAC,
          fire suppression, etc.) requirements for the telecommunications spaces are
          met as described in this document. For projects where a Mechanical Engineer
          is involved, the Designer shall coordinate directly with the engineer, and
          verify that the engineer’s design documentation meets these requirements.
          For projects without the involvement of a Mechanical Engineer, the Designer
          shall alert CWU where adjustments to the mechanical infrastructure are
          needed to meet the requirements.

     C.   The Designer shall coordinate with the Mechanical Engineer to ensure that the
          HVAC requirements for the telecommunications spaces are met and also that
          HVAC ductwork and motors do not conflict with cable tray or conduit routing.

     D.   In addition to the requirements in the BICSI TDMM, telecommunications
          rooms shall be environmentally provisioned as follows:

          1. A fundamental design assumption is that all TRs will at some time contain
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                 active electronic equipment (hubs, routers, switches, etc.) even if the
                 current design does not call for such devices. Network electronics require
                 an HVAC system capable of operating on a 24 hours-per-day, 365 days-
                 per-year basis. If the building system cannot assure continuous cooling
                 operation, a stand-alone unit shall be provided for the TR. In addition, a
                 positive pressure differential with respect to surrounding areas is required
                 to help keep dust and other particles out of the room.

             2. Minimum clearance height in the TR shall be eight feet without
                obstructions.

             3. Fire suppression system sprinklers shall be equipped with wire cages
                under the sprinkler heads to prevent accidental discharge. Drainage
                troughs shall be placed under sprinkler pipes to prevent leakage onto the
                equipment within the room.

4.7.5 FLOOR-STANDING EQUIPMENT RACKS AND CABINETS

      A.     Each telecommunications room shall be provisioned with a minimum of one
             floor-standing 7’ high x 19‖ wide ANSI/TIA/EIA standard open-frame
             equipment rack, regardless of whether or not equipment is required at the
             time of construction.

                For light remodel construction, this requirement may be waived given
                 budget, project size, or other limiting factors. The use of a wall-mounted
                 swing rack or a wall-mounted hinged bracket may be acceptable, subject
                 to CWU approval via the ADR process.

      B.     36‖ clearances are required surrounding racks, cabinets and any equipment
             that may be mounted in the racks, as required by code. See the sample
             telecommunications room plan drawing in the Appendix for further
             information.

      C.     Racks shall be sized to accommodate, at a minimum, all existing and new
             equipment that is to be installed in the rack plus an additional 50% of space
             for additional equipment that may be added in the future. If a rack is more
             than 50% full at design time, a spare rack shall be specified.

4.7.5.1    Floor-standing Equipment Racks

      A.     Floor standing racks shall be securely bolted to the floor, and shall be braced
             to the wall with cable ladder racking. Multiple racks in the same TR shall be
             interconnected with cable ladder racks.

      B.     To provide the required clearances, rack locations shall be designed to have
             72‖ of clear space between the front of the rack and the wall behind the rack.
             Also, a workspace access clearance of 36‖ is required on one side of an aisle
             of racks. The Designer shall discuss with CWU the potential for future
             requirements for additional racks, and identify spaces for future racks on the
             plan drawings. See the sample telecommunications room plan drawing in the
             Appendix for further information.

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      C.     Racks shall be equipped with horizontal and vertical wire management
             modules both front and rear with strain relief brackets to support proper cable
             bend radius and to maintain strain relief for the cabling.

      D.     Some IT equipment requires an equipment rack with both front and rear
             mounting rails. The Designer shall discuss with CWU the network electronics
             that will be hosted in each rack in each TR and shall show this equipment on
             the rack elevation details in the plan drawings.

4.7.5.2    Telecommunications Cabinets

      A.     When planning the size and location of TRs in existing buildings, the Designer
             shall make every reasonable effort to meet the requirements for
             telecommunications rooms. In certain instances, the only viable alternative
             may be the use of one or several telecommunications cabinets in lieu of TRs.

      B.     In light remodel projects, some buildings may not justify a separate room as
             the telecommunications room. In some circumstances, sufficient space may
             not be available for a telecommunications room. In these instances, a wall-
             mounted or floor-standing telecommunications cabinet may be used.

      C.     Wall-mounted cabinets shall be double-hinged to permit access to both the
             front and rear of the equipment. Care shall be taken to specify cabinets with
             strong hinges that do not begin to sag over time due to the weight of the
             cabinet’s contents. Telecommunications cabinets shall be constructed of
             heavy gauge steel, and be lockable.

      D.     Cabinets shall be sized to allocate space for cabling termination infrastructure,
             network electronics, and UPS equipment, and shall also include space
             allocated for future growth. Wall space shall be allocated to permit cabinets
             to fully swing open.

      E.     Cabinets shall be equipped with horizontal wire management modules with
             strain relief brackets to support proper cable bend radius and to maintain
             strain relief for the cabling.

      F.     Power and telecommunications cables for equipment housed within the
             cabinet are to be contained within the cabinet. Exposed wiring or cables are
             not permitted. Power and telecommunications cables routed to or from the
             cabinet shall be contained in conduit, surface mounted raceway, or concealed
             within the adjacent wall.

      G.     Each cabinet shall be vented and shall be equipped with cooling fans. Vent
             filters shall be provided wherever appropriate to minimize the entrance of
             dust and foreign materials.

      H.     Each cabinet shall have a telecommunications main grounding busbar (TMGB)
             installed inside, in accordance with the grounding requirements discussed in
             Chapter 17 of the BICSI TDMM.

      I.     The cabinet shall not be located in or adjacent to areas containing sources of
             electromagnetic interference (EMI). See the Electromagnetic Compatibility
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              section (above) for further information.

4.7.6 POWER REQUIREMENTS

      A.      The Designer shall be responsible to determine that the power requirements
              for the telecommunications spaces are met as described in this document.
              For projects where an electrical engineer is involved, the Designer shall
              coordinate directly with the engineer, and verify that the engineer’s design
              documentation meets these requirements. For projects without the
              involvement of an electrical engineer, the Designer shall alert CWU where
              additional power infrastructure is needed to meet the requirements.

      B.      Electrical plans for new or altered electrical installations in some CWU
              facilities must be reviewed by the Washington State Department of Labor and
              Industries and approved prior to construction, per WAC 296-46B-010.

                 Paragraph 14 (a) of this WAC requirement defines the applicable facility
                  types as follows: ―Educational facility refers to a building or portion of a
                  building used primarily for educational purposes by six or more persons at
                  one time for twelve hours per week or four hours in any one day.
                  Educational occupancy includes: Schools (preschool through grade
                  twelve), colleges, academies, universities, and trade schools.‖

4.7.6.1    Technical Power Panels

      A.      The technical power circuits in each telecommunications room shall originate
              from a technical power panel, dedicated to serving the TR. In the absence of
              other influencing circumstances, the panel shall be sized for 100 amp service.
              The technical power panel shall not be used to supply power to sources of
              electromagnetic interference such as large electric motors, arc welding, or
              industrial equipment. The power panel shall be located in the TR or in close
              proximity to the TR. The technical power panel shall be labeled
              ―Telecommunications Equipment Only.‖

                 If standby generator power is available to the facility, the TR technical
                  power panel shall be served by the generator.

                 Some circumstances might not justify a dedicated technical power panel.
                  In these cases, an available general-purpose electrical panel may be used.
                  The Designer shall seek direction from CWU regarding a decision to not
                  design a dedicated technical power panel.

      B.      Where telecommunications cabinets are used in lieu of a TR, an available
              general-purpose power panel may be used to support the telecommunications
              cabinet power outlet. However, the power panel shall not be used to supply
              power to sources of electromagnetic interference such as large electric
              motors, arc welding, or industrial equipment. The power panel shall be
              located in close proximity to the cabinet.

4.7.6.2    Technical Power Outlets

      A.      Duplex power outlets (120VAC / 20 Ampere) shall be provided for exclusive
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              use by telecommunications related electronic equipment and shall be supplied
              by circuits that are dedicated to telecommunications uses only.

                 Outlets shall be colored orange, labeled as ―Technical Power‖ and shall
                  show the panel and circuit numbers.
                 Technical power outlets shall be equipped for ―straight-blade plugs‖ (NEMA
                  5-20R), rather than twist-lock style receptacles.
                 Each outlet shall be equipped with a dedicated #12 AWG insulated solid
                  copper equipment-grounding conductor.
                 At least three circuits shall be provided for technical power to each
                  telecommunications room and up to three outlets may be combined on
                  any one circuit.
                 Alternate the outlets amongst the different circuits so that adjacent outlets
                  are not on the same circuit.

       B.     The Designer shall obtain connection/load requirements from CWU for each
              piece of equipment, and tabulate the information for review and confirmation
              by CWU. This equipment may include network electronics, UPS equipment,
              computers/servers, phone system equipment, voice mail systems, video
              equipment and service provider equipment.

       C.     The Designer shall specifically investigate the potential need for voltage or
              ampere requirements other than the typical 120VAC / 20 Ampere power
              outlet. Some UPS and network switch equipment requires specialized plugs
              or electrical service. The Designer shall inquire with CWU ITS to determine
              whether any dedicated or specialized circuit requirements exist.

4.7.6.2.1 For New Construction and Full Remodel

       A.     Each telecommunications cabinet shall be equipped with a minimum of one
              duplex technical power outlet installed inside, near the bottom of the cabinet.

       B.     Faceplates for power receptacles and light switches in the TR shall be
              mounted at the surface of the plywood backboard (as opposed to being
              recessed into a cutout in the plywood backboard).
4.7.6.2.1.1 TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOMS WITH ONE OR TWO FLOOR-STANDING RACKS
       A.     One duplex technical power outlet per floor-standing rack shall be provided to
              serve each rack. The outlet(s) shall be mounted on the side wall nearest the
              racks approximately 18 inches behind the rack. Technical power outlets shall
              be mounted at the standard mounting height above the finished floor.

       B.     The rack nearest the wall is expected to host a rack-mounted UPS at the base
              of the rack as well as a 72‖ vertical power strip attached to the vertical cable
              management on the non-wall side of the rack. The UPS will plug into the
              duplex power outlet, and the power strip will plug into the UPS.

       C.     Electronic equipment in the second rack is typically powered by the vertical
              power strip. However, if necessary another UPS can be installed in the base
              of the second rack and the power cord can be routed beneath the first UPS to
              the second rack-dedicated technical power outlet.


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       D.     Typically, the contractor is required to furnish and install the vertical power
              strip, and CWU furnishes and installs the UPS equipment.

       E.     For racks where CWU intends to install equipment with dual-redundant power
              supplies, two duplex technical power outlets with separate circuits shall be
              provided for those racks. The Designer shall inquire with CWU whether
              equipment with dual power supplies will be used.
4.7.6.2.1.2 TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOMS WITH MORE THAN TWO FLOOR-STANDING RACKS
       A.     The first two racks are served as described above.

       B.     A dedicated duplex technical power outlet (pedestal style) shall be floor-
              mounted near the vertical cable management of each additional rack.

       C.     Conduit for each pedestal outlet shall be concealed in the floor where
              possible. Otherwise, the conduit shall be routed exposed from the wall to the
              pedestal, above the base-plates of the first and second racks. The bottom
              rack spaces (reserved for UPS equipment) shall not be obstructed by the
              power conduit.
4.7.6.2.1.3 OTHER TECHNICAL POWER OUTLETS
       In addition to the outlets intended to serve the racks, a minimum of one duplex
       technical power outlet shall be provided per wall (centered on the wall) except for
       the wall adjacent to the racks. For walls more than 10’ in length a minimum of 2
       outlets shall be provided, and at intervals of no more than 6 feet between outlets.

4.7.6.2.2 For Light Remodel Projects

       A.     The design shall include technical power outlets according to the ―new
              construction‖ requirements, wherever possible. However, for some projects it
              may not be realistic or practical to meet those requirements. The following
              two paragraphs describe an alternative arrangement of technical power
              outlets that may be approved on a project-by-project basis via the ADR
              process:

                 If it is not practical to install a new power outlet at the base of each
                  equipment rack, it may be acceptable to serve the rack’s power needs
                  from a wall-mounted outlet.

                 If power outlets are not installed at the base of each rack, the number of
                  wall-mounted technical power outlets shall be increased to an interval of
                  one outlet every 4 feet. Power outlets in this arrangement shall be located
                  such that they are conveniently aligned with the equipment racks to avoid
                  inadvertent disconnection of the power cords.

       B.     In light remodel projects where telecommunications backboards are applied to
              existing walls with existing power outlets and light switches, the design shall
              require backboards to be provided with cutouts permitting access to the
              existing electrical devices.




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4.7.6.3    Additional Convenience Power Outlets

      A.      In addition to the technical power outlets described above, the design shall
              require the Contractor to provide other duplex convenience outlets (120VAC,
              15 Ampere) that would be available for use with power tools and testing
              equipment. Each outlet shall be labeled with its panel identification and
              circuit number.

      B.      Where telecommunications cabinets are used in lieu of a TR, there shall be at
              least one general-purpose convenience power outlet (120VAC, 15 Ampere)
              located within six feet of each telecommunications cabinet. This outlet shall
              be colored consistently with other convenience outlets in the building. The
              general-purpose outlet shall not be used to power telecommunications
              equipment associated with the cabinet.

4.7.7 GROUNDING, BONDING, AND ELECTRICAL PROTECTION

      All equipment racks, metallic conduits and exposed non-current carrying metal parts
      of telecommunications and information technology equipment in the TR shall be
      bonded to the TMGB. Refer to the Grounding, Bonding and Electrical Protection
      section of the BICSI TDMM and this document for more information regarding the
      design of grounding, bonding and electrical protection systems.


4.8 EQUIPMENT ROOMS

      Please refer to the Equipment Rooms section of the BICSI TDMM for general
      information regarding the design of equipment rooms. The following requirements
      take precedence over the BICSI TDMM guidelines for telecommunications
      infrastructure at CWU facilities:

      A.      The main telecommunications Equipment Room (ER) at CWU’s Ellensburg
              campus is called the ―Computer Center‖ and is also known by the nickname
              ―Wildcat‖. This facility is dedicated to telecommunications functions and
              houses the main telecommunications cabling cross connection facilities, the
              main network switch and server equipment, and the telephone system PBX
              and voice mail equipment. At remote campuses where CWU has facilities,
              similar main telecommunications equipment rooms also exist.

                 Design of a new equipment room serving an entire campus (for example
                  replacing the Computer Center, or at a remote campus) is considered to
                  be a relatively rare project and is not anticipated in the foreseeable future.
                  This document may not completely describe the design guidelines for such
                  a significant project. If such a project is undertaken, close consultation
                  with CWU ITS staff is required on all aspects of the project.

                 Access to the Computer Center is strictly controlled for security purposes.
                  For project work inside the building, advance written notice shall be given
                  to CWU ITS and the activities shall be scheduled to coordinate with
                  operations in the building.

      B.      Typically, CWU incorporates the building-level equipment room functions into

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          the main telecommunications room for the building, and does not usually
          create a separate equipment room space. As a result, the size of the main
          telecommunications room in a building shall be upsized to support the
          equipment room functions. On a project-by-project basis, the Designer shall
          seek the direction of the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist regarding the
          sizing necessary to accommodate the equipment intended to be housed in the
          space.

     C.   The requirements in the ―Telecommunications Rooms and Enclosures‖ section
          (above) shall be followed for designing equipment rooms in CWU facilities.

     D.   The remainder of the ―Equipment Room‖ section of this document (below)
          describes the additional requirements that shall be considered for applicability
          to the equipment room functions within a building’s main telecommunications
          room. The Designer shall seek direction from the CWU ITS Infrastructure
          Specialist regarding whether specific requirements shall apply on a project-
          by-project basis.

4.8.1 EQUIPMENT ROOM LOCATION

     A.   CWU hosts all telecommunications equipment, including voice, data, and
          video, in a single equipment room. A separate room for each of these
          functions is undesirable.

     B.   The ER shall be located within the main telecommunications room and
          entrance facility creating a single telecommunications space serving all three
          functions.

             If a co-located ER is not practical/possible, the ER shall be located within
              close proximity to the telecommunications entrance facility and the main
              telecommunications room.

     C.   In new construction, the ER shall be provisioned to host the major voice, data,
          and video equipment required to support the building or campus, and the
          other computer based and networked low voltage systems. In a full remodel
          or light remodeling project with existing facilities, every reasonable effort
          shall be made to co-locate these systems in a common equipment room.

     D.   The ER shall not be located in any of the locations listed below:
          1. Areas subject to water or steam infiltration, particularly basements. A
             floor drain (with a trap primer) is required if there is any risk of water
             entering the ER.
          2. Areas exposed to excessive heat or direct sunlight.
          3. Areas exposed to corrosive atmospheric or environmental conditions.
          4. Near or adjacent to potential sources of electromagnetic interference (EMI)
             or radio frequency interference (RFI) such as large electric motors, power
             transformers, arc welding equipment, or high power radio transmitting
             antennas.
          5. In a shared space with electrical equipment other than equipment serving
             the telecommunications system.



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4.8.2 EQUIPMENT ROOM SIZING

     A.    The first step in determining the size required for an ER, is to identify the
           systems that will be installed into the ER. In this process, first identify the
           size of the area that will be served from the ER. Next, identify the quantity,
           size and variety of systems to be installed to support the area, and the space
           required for each of the systems.

     B.    The Designer shall consult with the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist to
           determine any sizing requirements for the ER on a project-by-project basis.

     C.    A model that CWU has used to create a preliminary forecast of the space
           needed for an ER in a building is to design 0.75 ft2 of ER floor space for every
           100-ft2 work area to be served in the building.

     D.    Once the size and quantity of systems are identified, they shall be laid out in
           a functionally efficient arrangement. Some equipment, such as WAN
           equipment, LAN servers, tape backup equipment, hubs, switches, and patch
           panels will require regular access, and shall be arranged in an easily
           accessible manner.

     E.    When laying out the arrangement of the ER, the following requirements and
           issues shall be addressed:
           1. Equipment shall be grouped together with like equipment (i.e., voice, data
               for both LAN and WAN, video.)
           2. Designate wall space and equipment rack space for each specific use.
               Allocate specific backboard space for the service providers’ demarcation
               areas and any associated equipment. The wall space allocated to the
               service providers shall be located adjacent to each other on a common
               wall and on a single aisle of equipment racks to concentrate the activities
               of service technicians in areas away from CWU-owned systems in other
               areas of the equipment room.
           3. Allocate separate wall and equipment rack space for terminating and cross
               connecting campus distribution cables (both copper and fiber optic).
               These areas shall be located adjacent to the equipment providing the
               services, such as the PBX, voice mail system, and data network
               electronics.
           4. Equipment racks and rack-mounted equipment shall have a minimum of
               three feet of unrestricted clearance in front and back for technician access.
               In smaller installations, wall mounted swing-out equipment racks can be
               used to save space, but shall have a three-foot clearance to the front of
               the rack. Note that some LAN equipment may be large, or may require
               clearance at both the front and back, and wall mounted swing-out racks
               may not be appropriate.

     F.    Once an acceptable equipment layout is developed, the size of the equipment
           room can be calculated. The design shall include a minimum of 25% vacant
           space for future growth.

     G.    Equipment rooms shall be sized with at least 150 ft2 of usable floor space.

     H.    The CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist shall approve the final space
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              requirements and design layout for the equipment and racks.

4.8.3 ARCHITECTURAL PROVISIONING

      Equipment room floors shall be structurally designed to accommodate the heaviest
      equipment intended for the space or BICSI’s 250 lb/ft2 guideline, whichever is
      greater.

          In large equipment rooms, a raised access floor is required. The raised floor shall
           have a minimum of 8 inches clearance to the base floor, and shall not be used as
           an air plenum. If raised access flooring used, the ceiling height must be raised to
           maintain a minimum clearance of 8 feet. The Designer shall inquire with CWU to
           determine whether an access floor is desired.

4.8.4 ENVIRONMENTAL PROVISIONING

      Where fire suppression sprinklers are used, sprinklers shall be equipped with wire
      cages under the sprinkler heads to prevent accidental discharge. Drainage troughs
      shall be placed under the sprinkler pipes to prevent leakage onto the equipment
      within the room.

4.8.5 FLOOR-STANDING EQUIPMENT RACKS

      Some IT equipment requires an equipment rack with both front and rear mounting
      rails. The Designer shall discuss with CWU the network electronics that will be
      hosted in each rack in each ER and shall show this equipment on the rack elevation
      details in the plan drawings. The Designer shall also discuss with CWU the potential
      for future additional racks, and identify spaces for the future racks on the plan
      drawings

4.8.6 TELECOMMUNICATIONS CABINETS

      A.      Other styles of equipment racks and cabinets might be used in the ER, some
              of which may be proprietary to a particular system or service provider. The
              Designer shall plan the ER layout to make allowances for proprietary cabinets
              and racks, and allow expansion room for future equipment.

      B.      Floor-standing cabinets shall have front and rear hinged doors to permit
              access to both the front and rear of the equipment. Telecommunications
              cabinets shall be constructed of heavy gauge steel. The side panels of the
              cabinet shall be removable for maintenance accessibility.

      C.      Each cabinet shall be vented and where appropriate shall be equipped with
              cooling fans.

4.8.7 POWER REQUIREMENTS


4.8.7.1    Technical Power Panels

      A.      A separate supply circuit serving the room shall be provided and terminated in

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                                                                  DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                          EQUIPMENT ROOMS
                                                                       POWER REQUIREMENTS




     its own electrical panel located in the ER. This power panel shall be
     designated as ―ER Technical Power.‖ The ER technical power panel shall be
     used exclusively for supplying power to electronics equipment in the
     equipment room. Sizing of electrical power supply is dependent upon the
     equipment types and equipment load, and shall be calculated on a case-by-
     case basis, including sufficient spare capacity for future growth.

B.   The technical power circuits in each ER shall originate from a technical power
     panel, dedicated to serving the ER. The technical power panel shall not be
     used to supply power to sources of electromagnetic interference such as large
     electric motors, arc welding, or industrial equipment.

C.   If standby generator power is available to the facility, the ER technical power
     panel shall be linked to the standby generator power supply.

D.   Power for critical network components such as servers, routers, switches, and
     telephone systems shall always be provided through at least one
     uninterruptible power supply (UPS).

E.   Generally speaking, CWU does not use centralized UPS equipment. However,
     if CWU wishes to use a centralized UPS, the following requirements shall be
     met:

        Some centralized UPS vent noxious battery gasses. The UPS shall
         therefore be housed in a room that is equipped to properly vent the
         gasses. Centralized UPSs shall not be located within the ER itself. Rooms
         housing centralized UPS systems shall have the same environmental
         provisioning features as the ER.

        Some battery manufacturers claim that valve-regulated lead acid batteries
         do not emit gasses and therefore might not require mechanical systems
         for venting battery gasses. The Designer shall evaluate such claims for
         applicability on each project.

        The UPS’ battery bank shall be sized to provide a minimum of two hours of
         run time for the supported low voltage systems hardware. The Designer
         shall request direction from the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist
         regarding project specific needs for increased the run time.

        Upon installation, a qualified electrician shall test new centralized UPS
         units for correct output voltage prior to connecting electronic equipment.

        Centralized UPS equipment shall be provided with a network interface card
         so that the UPS can communicate via the network with servers and other
         equipment to orchestrate a coordinated safe-shutdown of the equipment
         in the event of an extended power outage. The telecommunications
         cabling design shall require a telecommunications outlet located in the
         centralized UPS room near each UPS to support the UPS’ network
         connection.




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                                                                                DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                        TELECOMMUNICATIONS ENTRANCE FACILITIES & TERMINATION
                                                             GROUNDING, BONDING, AND ELECTRICAL PROTECTION




4.8.7.2    Technical Power Outlets

      A.      Generally, the power outlet requirements that are applicable to
              telecommunications rooms are also applicable to equipment rooms. Technical
              power outlets shall be provided as described in the ―Telecommunications
              Rooms and Enclosures‖ section (above).

      B.      The Designer shall obtain connection/load requirements from CWU for each
              piece of equipment, and tabulate the information for review and confirmation
              by CWU. This equipment may include network electronics, UPS equipment,
              computers/servers, phone system equipment, voice mail systems, video
              equipment and service provider equipment.

      C.      Some telephone PBX equipment, UPS equipment and network switch
              equipment require specialized plugs or electrical service. The Designer shall
              specifically investigate the potential need for voltage or ampere requirements
              other than the typical 120VAC / 20 Ampere power outlet, and shall coordinate
              with the design team to design the electrical power infrastructure to serve the
              needs of the equipment.

4.8.7.2.1 For Remodel Projects

      If an equipment room is truly required in a remodel project, budget limitations and
      other constraints should be resolved through actions that do not deviate from
      meeting the requirements of this document. In particular, the electrical power
      requirements of equipment in an equipment room shall not be discounted or taken
      lightly.

4.8.7.3    Convenience Power Outlets

      Convenience power outlets shall be provided as described (above) in the
      ―Telecommunications Rooms and Enclosures‖ section.

4.8.8 GROUNDING, BONDING, AND ELECTRICAL PROTECTION

      All equipment racks, metallic conduits and exposed non-current carrying metal parts
      of telecommunications and information technology equipment in the ER shall be
      bonded to the TMGB. Please refer to the Grounding, Bonding and Electrical
      Protection section of the BICSI TDMM and this document for more information
      regarding the design of grounding, bonding and electrical protection systems.

          The ER have a dedicated/isolated ground wire routed inside a metallic conduit
           directly from the main electrical service-grounding electrode for PBX equipment.
           This ground wire is in addition to and separate from the telecommunications
           grounding system.


4.9 TELECOMMUNICATIONS ENTRANCE FACILITIES & TERMINATION

      Please refer to the Telecommunications Entrance Facilities & Termination section of
      the BICSI TDMM for general information regarding the design of telecommunications
      entrance facilities. The following requirements take precedence over the BICSI

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                                                                            DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                            GROUNDING BONDING AND ELECTRICAL PROTECTION
                                                          GROUNDING, BONDING, AND ELECTRICAL PROTECTION




     TDMM guidelines for telecommunications infrastructure at CWU facilities:

     A.     The entrance facility (EF) shall be located within the building’s equipment
            room or main telecommunications room.

               In light remodel projects, it is possible that the EF may already exist and
                that it is expected to be reused. This may be acceptable if the size is
                appropriate, if there is sufficient environmental provisioning, and if
                adequate separation from sources of EMI is maintained. It may be
                desirable to extend the incoming entrance conduits (using rigid galvanized
                steel conduit) from a non-telecommunications space to a dedicated
                telecommunications room.

     B.     OSP conduits shall be extended into the entrance facility to the point that no
            more than fifty feet of outdoor-rated cabling is exposed, including slack loops
            and termination. Fire-rated tape wrap is not acceptable. For more
            information, see the Inter-Building (Campus) Backbone Pathways section and
            the Inter-Building (Campus) Backbone Cabling section, above.

     C.     Ducts shall enter the entrance facility parallel to the backboard to be used -
            perpendicular entry may cause cables to sharply bend beyond their minimum
            allowable bend radius.


4.10 GROUNDING BONDING AND ELECTRICAL PROTECTION

     Please refer to the Grounding, Bonding and Electrical Protection section of the BICSI
     TDMM for general information regarding the design of grounding, bonding and
     electrical protection systems. See also the Grounding, Bonding and Electrical
     Protection section of the BICSI CO-OSP for more information. The following
     requirements take precedence over the BICSI TDMM guidelines for
     telecommunications infrastructure at CWU facilities:

     A.     A Telecommunications Main Grounding Busbar (TMGB) shall be installed at an
            accessible and convenient location in each Entrance Facility. A
            Telecommunications Grounding Busbar (TGB) shall be installed at an
            accessible and convenient location in each Equipment Room and
            Telecommunications Room. TMGBs and TGBs shall be sized to accommodate
            30% future growth.

     B.     A green-insulated copper cable (sized between a minimum of #6 AWG and a
            maximum of 3/0 AWG) shall be provided between each TGB and TMGB and
            from the TMGB to the building main electrical service ground electrode. The
            Designer shall evaluate the grounding cable size that will be appropriate for
            each application.

     C.     Generally, grounding and bonding infrastructure shall be installed by the
            contractor. However, for light remodel construction, the Designer shall
            coordinate with CWU electricians who may install and connect the ground wire
            between the existing building ground and the Contractor-installed grounding
            busbar in a telecommunications room.


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                                                                             DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                                            FIRESTOPPING
                                                           GROUNDING, BONDING, AND ELECTRICAL PROTECTION




     D.     While CWU does not permit telecommunications design solutions to include
            splices to fiber optic cabling and also prefers that copper backbone cabling not
            be spliced, occasionally it becomes necessary to splice cables. Where any
            splices are made to backbone cables, the metallic shields of those cables shall
            be bonded together to maintain shield continuity and shall also be bonded to
            ground at splice locations.


4.11 FIRESTOPPING

     Please refer to the Firestopping section of the BICSI TDMM for general information
     regarding the design of firestopping for telecommunications infrastructure. The
     following requirements take precedence over the BICSI TDMM guidelines for
     telecommunications infrastructure at CWU facilities:

     A.     Penetrations through fire-rated walls and floors shall be firestopped in
            accordance with the requirements of the manufacturer of the firestopping
            materials and satisfy local code officials.

     B.     The Designer shall avoid design solutions calling for penetration of fire-rated
            walls and floors when other reasonable cable-routing options exist.


4.12 FIELD TESTING

     Please refer to the Field Testing section of the BICSI TDMM for general information
     regarding the field-testing of telecommunications cabling. The following
     requirements take precedence over the BICSI TDMM guidelines for field-testing at
     CWU facilities:

     A.     The Designer shall review the cable test results submitted by the Contractor.
            The test results shall be the actual native machine test results downloaded
            from the test equipment. In particular, the Designer shall check for the
            following items on the cable test reports:

               Indications that the cabling has successfully passed the testing
               Indications that the cabling meets distance limitation requirements
               Indications that the wire-map of the cable is correct
               Indications that the cable test equipment was properly configured. For
                copper cabling, the test equipment’s configuration parameter for Nominal
                Velocity of Propagation (NVP) shall match the value stated by the cabling
                manufacturer for the type of cable installed.

     B.     The cabling performance characteristics shall meet or exceed the performance
            guaranteed by the manufacturer, which may exceed standard industry
            requirements. In other words, even though a particular cable might pass its
            tests, the cable might still be rejected (requiring re-termination or
            replacement) if it does not meet the higher standard of performance that the
            manufacturer may list for its products.

     C.     The final test results shall have been verified by the Designer to be acceptable
            before submission to CWU. Test results shall be submitted to CWU in both
            electronic and paper forms.
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                                                                          DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                        SPECIAL DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
                                                                            IDENTIFICATION STRATEGY




4.13 SPECIAL DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

     Please refer to the Special Design Considerations section of the BICSI TDMM for
     information regarding the design of telecommunications infrastructure in accordance
     with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requirements at CWU facilities.

     The Designer shall request guidance from CWU regarding the requirements for any
     special design considerations, including:

         Coin-operated and other public-use telephones within CWU facilities.

         Spaces within CWU facilities intended to include Americans with Disabilities Act
          (ADA) features.


4.14 TELECOMMUNICATIONS ADMINISTRATION

     Please refer to the Telecommunications Administration section of the BICSI TDMM for
     general information regarding the documentation and labeling of telecommunications
     infrastructure. The following requirements take precedence over the BICSI TDMM
     guidelines for telecommunications infrastructure at CWU facilities:

4.14.1       IDENTIFICATION STRATEGY

     A.      The ―identifier‖ is the unique name or description assigned to a
             telecommunications infrastructure component. The Designer shall assign
             identifiers to the telecommunications infrastructure components listed below
             and clearly show the identifier assignments on the Construction Documents.

     B.      While it is the Contractor’s responsibility to provide marked-up drawings to
             the Designer indicating any construction-related changes to the identifiers,
             the Designer shall verify that the identifiers are clearly and accurately shown
             on the record drawings.

     C.      Telecommunications components shall not be labeled with an application-
             specific identifier. Ports shall not be labeled with the name or function of the
             device that is served by the port (server names, computer types. Also, the
             use of ―V-#‖ and ―D-#‖ are inconsistent with the industry standard-based
             philosophy of designing cabling systems that are independent of the
             application, and are therefore not permitted.

     D.      The TCGS contains a comprehensive listing of the identification strategy
             requirements, including some items that are not addressed below. The items
             listed below shall be shown on the Construction Documents, whereas the
             TCGS includes some identification and labeling requirements that do not
             typically appear on the Construction Documents.

4.14.1.1 New Telecommunications Distribution Systems

     The Designer shall assign the identifiers to the telecommunications components
     based on the following identification strategy:


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                                                                 DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                           TELECOMMUNICATIONS ADMINISTRATION
                                                                    IDENTIFICATION STRATEGY




A.   Maintenance holes and handholes shall be named by CWU. The Designer
     shall not assign names or numbers to maintenance holes or handholes but
     instead shall contact CWU’s Facility Management Department and obtain
     authorized identifiers from the Campus Utility Map system. The authorized
     identifiers are automatically generated according to CWU’s two-tiered
     alphanumeric grid system. The format for these identifiers shall be
     ―A##B&&‖ where ―A‖ represents the letter of the alphabet associated with the
     row in the ―major-grid‖ (vertical axis) and ―##‖ represents a two-digit
     number (leading ―0‖ if necessary) associated with the column in the ―major-
     grid‖ (horizontal axis) wherein the maintenance hole or handhole is located.
     The ―B‖ represents the row (vertical axis) of a ―minor-grid‖ within the major
     grid and ―&&‖ represents a two-digit number (leading ―0‖ if necessary)
     associated with the column in the ―minor-grid‖ (horizontal axis) wherein the
     maintenance hole or handhole is located.
     o For example, a maintenance hole or handhole located in the major-grid
         square identified by the row ―G‖ and the column ―11‖ and within the
         minor-grid square identified by the row ―O‖ (the letter ―O‖) and the
         column ―2‖ shall be identified as ―G11O02‖ (always use two digits for the
         column number). No distinction is made between maintenance holes and
         handholes in the identifier scheme.

B.   Campus Backbone cables shall be named by CWU. The Designer shall not
     assign names or numbers to maintenance holes or handholes but instead
     shall contact CWU’s Facility Management Department and obtain authorized
     identifiers from the Campus Utility Map system. The authorized identifiers are
     assigned in coordination with other existing cables. Campus backbone cables
     shall have identifiers in the form of ―M##‖ where ―M‖ is either ―F‖ (for fiber
     backbone media) or ―C‖ (for copper backbone media) and ―##‖ is a unique,
     two-digit sequential cable number.
     o For example: The first three outside plant fiber backbone cables designed
         on a project shall be identified as ―F01‖, ―F02‖ and ―F03‖. The eleventh,
         twelfth and thirteenth outside plant copper backbone cables designed on a
         project shall be identified as ―C11‖, ―C12‖ and ―C13‖.

C.   Telecommunications rooms (and Equipment Rooms) shall have identifiers in
     the form of ―FX‖, where ―F‖ is the floor number on which the
     telecommunications rooms resides and ―X‖ represents a sequentially assigned
     letter to distinguish between multiple rooms on the floor.
     o For example: A building with two telecommunications rooms on the third
         floor would have rooms labeled ―3A‖ and ―3B‖.

D.   Racks in telecommunications rooms shall have identifiers of the form ―R#‖
     where ―R‖ stands for ―Rack‖ and ―#‖ is the sequential rack number within a
     given TR.
     o For example: The first rack in a given telecommunications room would
         have the label ―R1‖, the second ―R2‖ and so on.

E.   Patch Panels shall have identifiers sequentially numbered in the form of ―PP#‖
     where ―PP‖ stands for ―Patch Panel‖ and ―#‖ is the sequential patch panel
     number terminated within a given telecommunications room, regardless of
     media type (horizontal copper or horizontal fiber).
     o For example: The first patch panel (terminating horizontal fiber optic
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                                                                  DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                            TELECOMMUNICATIONS ADMINISTRATION
                                                                     IDENTIFICATION STRATEGY




         cabling in duplex SC ports) would be labeled ―PP1‖.
     o   For example: The second patch panel (terminating horizontal copper
         cabling) would have the label ―PP2‖.

F.   Termination Blocks for Backbone Distribution shall have a single label affixed
     above the entire termination block wall field which reads ―Backbone‖. Also,
     label each termination block column within the termination block wall field in
     the form ―TR‖, where ―TR‖ is the telecommunications room where the
     backbone cable originates (see the Telecommunications Rooms section
     above). Use a new column for each telecommunications room. Do not
     intermix cables from multiple telecommunications rooms in a single
     termination block column.
     o For example: If a termination block column on the fourth floor terminates
         backbone cabling from the first floor telecommunications room, then the
         column on the fourth floor would have the label ―1A‖ and the termination
         block column on the first floor would have the label ―4A.‖

G.   Termination Strips on Termination Blocks for Backbone Distribution shall have
     a label of the form ―###‖ where ―###‖ denotes the sequential cable number
     terminated.
     o For example: A termination strip used to terminate a 12-pair backbone
         cable would be labeled ―001, 002, 003, 004, 005, 006, 007, 008, 009,
         010, 011, 012‖ corresponding to the backbone cable pair numbers.

H.   Ports on Patch Panels for Horizontal Cabling are typically pre-labeled by the
     manufacturer with sequential numbers (i.e. 1 to 48). For ports which are not
     pre-labeled, label each port in the form ―##‖ where ―##‖ is the sequential
     port number within the panel. The ports in each patch panel shall start at
     number ―01‖.
     o For example: The ports on a patch panel terminating horizontal fiber optic
        cabling in duplex SC ports would be labeled starting with ―01‖ for the first
        duplex port (one label per pair of fiber strands) and continue sequentially
        through the remainder of the duplex ports.

I.   Termination Blocks for Horizontal Cabling shall have a single label affixed
     above the entire termination block column indicating the floor number on
     which the outlets are located, whose cable terminates on that column.
     o For example: A termination block column terminating workstation cables
        from the second floor would have the label ―2nd Floor.‖

J.   Termination Strips on Termination Blocks for Horizontal Cabling shall have a
     label of the form ―###‖ where ―###‖ denotes the sequential cable number
     terminated (see Cables, above).
     o For example: Two termination strips are used to terminate 6 single gang
        two jack outlets with sequential cable numbers ―001‖ to ―012.‖ The top
        termination strip pairs would be labeled ―001, 003, 005, 007, 009, 011‖
        and the bottom termination strip would be labeled ―002, 004, 006, 008,
        009, 012.‖

K.   Work Area Connectors (Ports) shall have identifiers in the form of ―FTR-###‖
     where ―F‖ is the floor of the telecommunications outlet where the horizontal
     cable terminates, ―TR‖ is the telecommunications room where the cable
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                                                                            DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                            DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT
                                                                               IDENTIFICATION STRATEGY




            terminates (see the Telecommunications Rooms section above), and ―###‖ is
            the sequential cable number for that telecommunications room.
            o For example: If an outlet on the third floor has a faceplate with two copper
                cables (sequentially numbered 5 and 6) terminated in the second
                telecommunications room on the fourth floor, then the connectors would
                have the labels ―34B-005‖ and ―34B-006‖ respectively.

4.14.1.2 Moves, Adds and Changes (MAC)

     The only exception to the above identification scheme is for small projects relating to
     moves or changes to existing cabling, or the addition of new outlets terminated
     among other existing cables in existing TRs. In such cases, the cable identification
     scheme for the new cables shall be consistent with the existing identification scheme.


4.15 DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT

     Please refer to the Design, Construction and Project Management section of the
     BICSI TDMM for information regarding design, construction and project management
     of telecommunications infrastructure at CWU facilities.


4.16 POWER DISTRIBUTION

     Please refer to the Power Distribution section of the BICSI TDMM for general
     information regarding the design of power distribution for telecommunications
     infrastructure. The following requirements take precedence over the BICSI TDMM
     guidelines for telecommunications infrastructure at CWU facilities:

     A.     The Designer shall be responsible to determine that the electrical power
            distribution requirements supporting the telecommunications infrastructure
            are met as described in this document.

     B.     For projects where an electrical engineer is involved, the Designer shall
            coordinate directly with the engineer, and verify that the engineer’s design
            documentation meets these requirements. For projects without the
            involvement of an electrical engineer, the Designer shall alert CWU where
            additional power infrastructure is needed to meet the requirements.

            1. Please refer to the Work Areas section of the BICSI TDMM and also in the
               Work Areas section this document for information on the power outlet
               requirements for work areas.

            2. Please refer to the Telecommunications Rooms section of the BICSI TDMM
               and also in the Telecommunications Rooms section of this document for
               information on the power outlet requirements for TRs.

            3. Please refer to the Equipment Rooms section of the BICSI TDMM and also
               in the Equipment Rooms section of this document for information on the
               power outlet requirements for ERs.




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                                                                          DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                                 RESIDENTIAL CABLING
                                                                            IDENTIFICATION STRATEGY




4.17 RESIDENTIAL CABLING

     Please refer to the Residential Cabling section of the BICSI TDMM for information
     regarding the design of telecommunications infrastructure to support residential
     facilities within CWU facilities.

     Generally speaking, CWU-owned residential facilities shall be provided with the same
     telecommunications infrastructure materials and methods as are used for all other
     CWU facilities, except where specifically noted in this document. The Designer shall
     inquire of CWU whether a ―residential cabling‖ solution is required for a particular
     project.


4.18 NETWORKING FUNDAMENTALS

     Please refer to the Networking Fundamentals section of the BICSI TDMM for general
     information regarding the design of telecommunications infrastructure for serving
     local area networks. The following requirements take precedence over the BICSI
     TDMM guidelines for telecommunications infrastructure at CWU facilities:

     A.     All CWU facilities use the Ethernet LAN protocol. Telecommunications
            infrastructure for all CWU facilities shall be designed, installed, and tested to
            support the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) Ethernet
            802.3 standards. CWU ITS is in the process of migrating to the 1000Base-X
            Gigabit Ethernet protocol based on the IEEE 802.3z standard. All newly
            installed cabling shall support this protocol. The Designer shall give careful
            consideration to the multimode fiber optic distance limitations and signal loss
            limitations (less than 2.5 dB end-to-end) necessary to support the IEEE
            802.3z protocol.

     B.     CWU networks are typically based on Cisco switches, with 1GB backbones and
            100MB service to the work area. The Designer shall coordinate with the CWU
            ITS Infrastructure Specialist to determine the requirements for supporting the
            network electronics in each space. The design shall include the infrastructure
            for hosting this equipment.


4.19 BUILDING AUTOMATION SYSTEMS

     Please refer to the Building Automation Systems section of the BICSI TDMM for
     information regarding the design of telecommunications infrastructure to support
     building automation systems at CWU facilities.

     A.     ANSI/TIA/EIA-862 also applies to telecommunications infrastructure serving
            building automation systems (BAS). The Designer shall pay particular
            attention to the following BAS issues:
             Verify that the voltage and current requirements of each BAS application
                are satisfied by the cabling materials to be installed.
             Verify that a suitable horizontal connection point (HCP) is installed for
                each BAS application.

     B.     Horizontal connection points are only required for BAS applications. Do not
            use an HCP for typical voice/data/video applications.
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                                                                                DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                                          PRIVATE CATV DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
                                                          ADMINISTRATIVE/ACADEMIC CABLE TELEVISION SERVICES




4.20 PRIVATE CATV DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS

     Please refer to the Private CATV Distribution Systems section of the BICSI TDMM for
     information regarding the design of telecommunications infrastructure to support
     private CATV distribution systems at CWU facilities.

     CWU has established a standard specification for use on its projects where television
     distribution systems are required. The Designer, or others on the design team, shall
     adapt this specification for use on CWU’s projects. As of the writing of this
     document, section 16810 is available on CWU’s website at the following address:
     http://www.cwu.edu/~ac/vnetspecs.pdf

4.20.1       ADMINISTRATIVE/ACADEMIC CABLE TELEVISION SERVICES

     Cable television services are generally provided centrally at the Library building
     (Media Equipment Services) and then distributed campus-wide to campus buildings
     via the coaxial and fiber optic OSP cabling infrastructure.

         The Designer shall inquire on a project-by-project basis whether OSP coaxial
          cabling, OSP fiber optic cabling or ISP coaxial cabling will be required under the
          project to provide television distribution to a building.

4.20.2       STUDENT CABLE TELEVISION SERVICES

     Student cable television services are generally provided directly to each residential
     building by Charter Telecommunications. Each residential building has its own
     television demarc locations, and the utility provides its own OSP service cable to the
     building.

         The Designer shall inquire on a project-by-project basis whether coordination
          with the utility is required and whether inside plant coaxial cabling will be
          required under the project for cable television distribution inside the building.

         If inside plant coaxial cabling is required, the Designer shall comply with the
          requirements of the cable television utility in addition to CWU’s requirements for
          cable television cabling.


4.21 OVERHEAD PAGING SYSTEMS

     Please refer to the Overhead Paging Systems section of the BICSI TDMM for
     information regarding the design of telecommunications infrastructure to support
     overhead paging systems at CWU facilities.


4.22 WIRELESS AND MICROWAVE SYSTEMS

     Please refer to the Wireless and Microwave Systems section of the BICSI TDMM for
     information regarding the design of telecommunications infrastructure to support
     wireless and microwave telecommunications systems at CWU facilities.

     A.      Goal #6 / Objective 1 of CWU’s Strategic Plan of the Information Technology

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                                                                  DESIGN CRITERIA
                                                             WIRELESS AND MICROWAVE SYSTEMS
                                                            STUDENT CABLE TELEVISION SERVICES




     Services (ITS) Department (April 2004) describes CWU’s intent as follows:

            ―Implement and expand wireless technologies in community and other
            common areas.‖

     The Designer shall work cooperatively with CWU ITS staff to design
     telecommunications infrastructure to appropriately support wireless
     technologies to meet the goal.

B.   The design shall comply with the guidelines in BICSI’s Wireless Design
     Reference Manual (WDRM).

C.   CWU has standardized on the use of Cisco’s Aeronet wireless access point
     equipment on campus. The manufacturer’s requirements shall be met when
     designing wireless network infrastructure.

D.   The Designer shall coordinate with CWU ITS to identify the locations that
     telecommunications outlets will be required to support wireless access points.

E.   Where Power-over-Ethernet (POE) is used to power this equipment, the
     Designer shall accommodate the power supply equipment in the design.




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                                                              CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENT CONTENT
                                                                                              PLANS AND DIAGRAMS
                                                                                                       GENERAL




5   CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENT CONTENT

     A.      This section of the TDDG describes the content requirements that the
             Designer shall include when creating the Construction Documents . This
                                                                               7

             content is in addition to the content found in some generally accepted
             document sets.

     B.      The documents produced by the Designer and the services provided by the
             Designer shall comply with the requirements in the Conditions of the
             Agreement and the Instructions for Architects and Engineers doing Business
             with Division of Engineering and Architectural Services. In addition to these
             requirements, the Designer shall also meet the requirements in this
             document, including the Construction Document content requirements in this
             section.

     C.      Construction Documents shall communicate a fully detailed and coordinated
             design (rather than making adjustments in the field during construction) and
             are expected to result in reduced construction costs and fewer change orders.
             The level of detail required to meet this objective may be substantially greater
             than some telecommunications designers may be accustomed to providing.

     D.      The Designer shall include the following content in the Construction
             Documents:


5.1 PLANS AND DIAGRAMS


5.1.1 GENERAL

     A.      The drawing set shall include the following:
              Cover Sheet
              Sheet List
              Site Map
              Symbol Schedule
              List of Abbreviations
              Plan Sheets
              Elevation Diagrams
              Schematic Diagrams
              Demolition




     7
       As of this writing, the Conditions of the Agreement and the Instructions for Architects and Engineers
     Doing Business with Division of Engineering and Architectural Services (both published by the Washington
     State Department of General Administration) make reference to the term ―Construction Documents.‖
     However, the Manual of Practice from the Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) defines ―Construction
     Documents‖ as a subset of the ―Construction Documents‖ and indicates that drawings, specifications and
     other written documentation are contained within the Construction Document subset. The TDDG will use
     the term ―Construction Documents‖ according to CSI’s definition.
                                                        95
                                                    CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENT CONTENT
                                                                                       PLANS AND DIAGRAMS
                                                       OUTSIDE PLANT TELECOMMUNICATIONS SITE PLAN DRAWINGS




     B.    All plan sheets shall be scaled, shall indicate the scale and shall show a north
           arrow. All plan sheets shall show a key plan when the building or site is too
           big to fit on a single sheet.

     C.    Telecommunications infrastructure identifiers shall be shown on the drawings
           and diagrams.

5.1.2 OUTSIDE PLANT TELECOMMUNICATIONS SITE PLAN DRAWINGS

     A.    Provide drawings showing a scaled telecommunications distribution site plan.
           These drawings shall show the following:

              Maintenance hole or handhole locations (labeled with their identifiers)
              Complete ductbank routing, details and elevations
              Conduit sizes, quantities and arrangements
              Section cuts
              Existing and new surface conditions
              Outside plant copper telecommunications cabling, including pair counts
              Outside plant fiber optic telecommunications cabling, including fiber types
               and strand counts
              Locations of buildings, roads, poles, existing underground utilities and
               other obstructions

     B.    These sheets should also identify coordination arrangements where conflicts
           with site work for other disciplines could possibly arise, in particular indicating
           the separation distances between telecommunications and power or steam.
           The sequencing of site work also should be shown, if applicable.

     C.    The site plan shall show the cabling from the service providers (cable
           television, telephone, etc.) and shall indicate the requirements for owner-
           provided maintenance holes or handholes and pathway to the point of
           demarcation.

5.1.3 INSIDE PLANT TELECOMMUNICATIONS PLAN DRAWINGS

     A.    Scaled plan drawings shall be provided for each building showing the
           horizontal and intra-building backbone telecommunications infrastructure.
           These drawings shall show the following:

              Routing of new pathway to be constructed during the project.
               o The content of the drawings shall be coordinated with other disciplines
                  and shall be representative of the complete pathway route that the
                  Contractor shall use, rather than a schematic depiction.
               o It is expected that the Designer will expend considerable coordination
                  effort during the design process. Non-coordinated pathway/raceway is
                  not acceptable to CWU.
              Approximate locations of junction boxes and conduit bends.
              The cable quantities and the raceway at any given point in the system.

     B.    Where new cabling will be pulled into existing conduits, the Construction
           Documents shall show the routes of each existing conduit. Where it is not
           possible to determine the routing of existing conduits, the Designer shall
                                               96
                                                       CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENT CONTENT
                                                                                      PLANS AND DIAGRAMS
                                                                                            DEMOLITION




           inform the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist and seek direction on whether to
           use the existing conduits or design new conduits for use on the project.
           Typically, the Designer is required to identify such conditions during field
           investigation activities.

5.1.4 DEMOLITION

     A.    Any existing OSP and ISP cabling intended to be no longer in use following
           the installation of new cabling shall be removed (demolished) as a part of the
           project.

     B.    Existing cabling to be demolished shall be shown on the plans and schematic
           diagrams. Separate demolition plan sheets and schematic diagrams shall be
           provided for projects with extensive cable demolition.

5.1.5 TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOM PLAN DETAILS

     A.    Construction documents for CWU projects shall show scaled plan drawing
           details for the telecommunications spaces. The details shall show the
           footprint and location of each of the major components in the room including
           at least the following:

              Backboards          Backbone Cable Routing      Space Reserved for Utility Demarc
              Ladder Racking      Entrance Conduits           Racks and Vertical Cable Mgmt
              Work Area           Space for Future Racks      Space for other low voltage systems
              UPS Equipment       Termination Blocks          Entrance Protection Equipment
                                   Grounding Busbar            PBX and Voice Mail Equipment

     B.    For modifications to existing telecommunications rooms, it may be necessary
           to provide a demolition plan.

     C.    A sample telecommunications room plan diagram is included in the Appendix.

5.1.6 ELEVATION DIAGRAMS

     A.    The Designer shall provide scaled wall elevation details for each TR and ER
           affected by the project. The Designer shall consider (on a project-by-project
           basis) whether the plan drawings are better suited for depicting the elevation
           diagrams, in lieu of the Project Manual.

     B.    For remodel projects, the Designer shall produce digital photographs of each
           wall depicting the existing conditions where future TRs and ERs will be
           located. These photos shall be provided with the wall elevation details in the
           Construction Documents.

     C.    The wall elevation details shall show the components that are mounted on the
           walls in the room including at least the following:




                                                  97
                                                        CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENT CONTENT
                                                                                            PROJECT MANUAL
                                                                INTRA-BUILDING BACKBONE SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS




              Backboards             Backbone Cable Routing      Wall-mounted Electronic Equipment
              Ladder Racking         Cable Management            Wall-mounted Swing Racks & Contents
              Cable Slack Loops      Termination Blocks          Racks and Vertical Cable Mgmt
              Grounding Busbar       Power Receptacles           Entrance Protection Equipment
              Existing Devices       Entrance Conduits           Other low voltage systems
              Work Area              Space for Future Racks      Space for Future Equipment
              UPS                    PBX and Voice Mail          Space Reserved for Utility Demarc
              Entrance Pit

     D.    Elevation details for each of the telecommunications racks in each TR and ER
           shall also be provided. Rack elevation details shall show the racks and any
           components that are mounted on or near the racks including at least the
           following:

            Patch Panels           Shelves / Drawers      Space for Future Equipment
            UPS Equipment          Termination Blocks     Electronic Equipment
            Existing Devices       Power Receptacles      Cable Management

     E.    The details shall depict the telecommunications materials that are listed in the
           specification.

     F.    Where a project involves additions to existing racks, the elevation details shall
           show the existing equipment in the racks and indicate which items are
           existing, in addition to indicating which items are ―new, to be provided under
           the Contract‖.

     G.    Examples of rack and wall elevation details are included in the Appendix.

5.1.7 INTRA-BUILDING BACKBONE SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS

     A.    Where there are multiple TRs in a given building, a schematic diagram of the
           intra-building backbone riser is required. The diagram shall depict the copper
           backbone cable for voice and the fiber optic backbone cable for data.

     B.    On projects where existing intra-building backbone cabling is to be removed,
           it may be useful to provide a separate schematic diagram depicting cabling to
           be demolished.


5.2 PROJECT MANUAL

     A.    The Instructions for Architects and Engineers Doing Business with Division of
           Engineering and Architectural Services (published by the Washington State
           Department of General Administration) lists requirements for the Project
           Manual. The State of Washington Conditions of the Agreement (also
           published by the Washington State Department of General Administration)
           lists additional requirements for the Designer.

     B.    The Project Manual shall contain a summary of the telecommunications work
           on the project, a description of the demolition requirements (if applicable),
           and a discussion of the utility coordination requirements.

     C.    In addition to these requirements, the Project Manual shall contain the

                                                   98
                                                      CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENT CONTENT
                                                                                    PROJECT MANUAL
                                                                                    SPECIFICATIONS




              following items as described below:

                 Maintenance Hole/Handhole Butterfly Diagrams
                 Elevation Diagrams
                 Fiber Link-Loss Budget Analyses
                 Cutover Plans

5.2.1 SPECIFICATIONS


5.2.1.1    CWU Telecommunications Construction Guide Specification

      A.      The CWU Telecommunications Construction Guide Specification (TCGS) is a
              guide specification as opposed to a master specification. It does not include
              an exhaustive listing of all possible products or installation methods that could
              be employed in a telecommunications infrastructure project.

      B.      The TCGS is an example of a specification that shall be used for an
              infrastructure replacement project or for a new facility project. It has
              verbiage that identifies issues that the Designer shall consider throughout the
              adaptation process. The Designer shall adapt the sections in the TCGS to the
              particular requirements of the given project.

      C.      The Designer shall directly edit the TCGS for use on each project. The
              Designer shall notify the CWU ITS Infrastructure Specialist where changes or
              additions to the specifications are desired. Edits to the documents shall be
              performed with the ―Revision Tracking‖ features activated. At the various
              project milestones when the documents are submitted to CWU for review, the
              specifications shall be printed showing the revision markings.

      D.      The Designer shall be responsible for adding any necessary content to the
              specification that is applicable to the project and not already contained in the
              TCGS.

      E.      Please refer to the more detailed instructions contained in the TCGS, both in
              the Preface of that document as well as in the ―hidden text‖ comments
              contained in the electronic files.

5.2.2 MAINTENANCE HOLE/HANDHOLE BUTTERFLY DIAGRAMS

      A.      Butterfly diagrams are a combination of tabular information and a schematic
              diagram used to organize and communicate information related to the
              conduits and cabling in each maintenance hole and handhole. These
              diagrams are CAD files intended to be plotted on 8 ½‖ x 11‖ pages to be
              included in the Project Manual.

      B.      The Designer shall provide a set of butterfly diagrams depicting each
              maintenance hole or handhole affected by the project and showing new
              cabling as well as existing cabling to remain in the maintenance hole or
              handhole.


                                                 99
                                                      CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENT CONTENT
                                                                    RECORD DRAWINGS AND DOCUMENTATION
                                                                                        CUTOVER PLAN




                 Ducts to be used for new cabling shall be assigned during the course of
                  design, not during construction. Duct assignments must be approved by
                  CWU prior to the release of construction documents.

     C.       A second set of butterfly diagrams shall be provided for each maintenance
              hole or handhole that contains existing cabling intended to be demolished
              under the project.

     D.       Typically, butterfly diagrams shall be provided on 8½ x 11‖-sized sheets in
              the Project Manual. However, it may be desirable to show this information on
              large-format drawing sheets.

     E.       The diagrams shall be formatted as shown in the sample butterfly diagram in
              the Appendix. Upon request, CWU will provide an electronic AutoCAD file of
              this diagram to be used as a template as well as electronic CAD files for each
              butterfly diagram affected by a project.

5.2.3 CUTOVER PLAN

     The Designer shall provide a detailed cutover plan that is coordinated with other
     disciplines on the project as well as with CWU data and telephone equipment cutover
     requirements. Verbiage describing the sequence of work tasks to accomplish the
     cutover shall be provided in this section. Limitations on the permissible downtime
     allowed and temporary service arrangements shall be discussed in the cutover plans.

5.2.4 FIBER LINK-LOSS BUDGET ANALYSIS

     A.       The Designer shall provide (in the Construction Documents) a link-loss budget
              analysis for each fiber optic cable.

     B.       The link-loss budget analysis shall be formatted as shown in the Appendix.
              Upon request, CWU will provide an electronic spreadsheet file to be used as a
              template.


5.3 RECORD DRAWINGS AND DOCUMENTATION

     The Instructions for Architects and Engineers Doing Business with Division of
     Engineering and Architectural Services (published by the Washington State
     Department of General Administration) lists requirements for Record Drawings and
     submittals. The following requirements related to Record Drawings and submittals
     are in addition to the requirements listed in Instructions for Architects and
     Engineers Doing Business with Division of Engineering and Architectural Services:

             The Record Drawings shall show the identifiers for the telecommunications
              infrastructure components as constructed.
             One set of 8½x11‖-sized butterfly diagrams on bond media shall be delivered
              to CWU Facilities Planning and Construction.
             One CDROM containing the digital photographs taken by the Designer during
              the project shall be delivered to CWU Facilities Planning and Construction.



                                                100
                                                                                 APPENDIX
                                                                   SAMPLE REVIEW COMMENT REPORT




6   APPENDIX



6.1 SAMPLE REVIEW COMMENT REPORT

     The table below depicts an example Review Comment Report form that will be used.
     The Designer shall create a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet formatted as shown below.
     The spreadsheet shall be used for any comments from the Designer’s review process
     and the completed spreadsheet shall be submitted electronically to CWU. Upon
     request, CWU will provide an electronic document for this form to be used as a
     template.


     Project Number                       Project Name                    Date of Review

      Drawing/Spec     Reviewer              Comment               A/E Team Response
        Reference
                                  Reviewer’s comment, citing the
       Sheet number    Name of    item needing attention and any
        of drawing     reviewer   applicable code or standard
                                  reference.
                                  Reviewer’s comment, citing the
       Specification   Name of    item needing attention and any
       number and      reviewer   applicable code or standard
        paragraph                 reference.




                                                101
                                                                              APPENDIX
                                                                    SAMPLE BUTTERFLY DIAGRAM




6.2 SAMPLE BUTTERFLY DIAGRAM

     The following page shows a sample maintenance hole / handhole Butterfly Diagram.
     The Designer shall follow this format and produce a butterfly diagram for each
     existing maintenance hole or handhole that is affected by an outside plant
     telecommunications project. The Designer shall submit the completed diagrams to
     CWU in both electronic and paper forms. Upon request, CWU will provide an
     electronic AutoCAD file to be used as a template.




                                           102
                               APPENDIX
                     SAMPLE BUTTERFLY DIAGRAM




Replace this page with the
     Adobe PDF page
    produced from the
AutoCAD Butterfly Diagram




            103
                                                                                APPENDIX
                                                             SAMPLE BACKBONE SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM




6.3 SAMPLE BACKBONE SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM

     Below is a sample Backbone Schematic Diagram. The Designer shall follow this
     format and produce backbone schematic diagram for each project that includes new
     outside plant telecommunications infrastructure.




                                            104
                                                                                      APPENDIX
                                                          SAMPLE TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOM PLAN DETAIL




6.4 SAMPLE TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOM PLAN DETAIL

     This page shows a sample plan detail for a telecommunications room. The Designer
     shall provide similar information for each telecommunications room and equipment
     room affected by the project. This information shall be provided either as a portion
     of the Project Manual or on the drawings, and shall be considered part of the
     Construction Documents.

     The layout of this sample plan detail has been pre-approved for use at CWU. The
     Designer shall use this layout wherever appropriate and shall discuss project-specific
     alternatives with CWU ITS.




                                              105
                                                                                     INDEX




6.5 SAMPLE RACK ELEVATION DETAIL

     This page shows a sample scaled rack elevation detail. The Designer shall provide
     similar information for each new or existing telecommunications rack showing new
     and existing equipment room affected by the project.

     This information shall be provided either as a portion of the Project Manual or on the
     drawings, and shall be considered part of the Construction Documents.




                                              106
                                                                                     INDEX



6.6 SAMPLE WALL ELEVATION DETAIL

     This page shows a sample scaled wall elevation detail. The Designer shall provide
     similar information for each new or existing telecommunications room wall showing
     new and existing equipment room affected by the project.

     This information shall be provided either as a portion of the Project Manual or on the
     drawings, and shall be considered part of the Construction Documents.




                                              107
                                                                                 INDEX




6.7 SAMPLE FIBER OPTIC LINK-LOSS BUDGET ANALYSIS

     The following page shows an example Fiber Optic Link-Loss Budget Analysis that the
     Designer shall use for each new fiber optic cable designed in the project. The
     Designer shall submit the completed link-loss budget analyses to CWU in both
     electronic and paper forms. Upon request, CWU will provide an electronic
     spreadsheet of this form to be used as a template.




                                            108
                                                                                                                               INDEX

                                              Fiber Optic Link Loss Budget
                                Cable ID:   cable identifier
                                      From: Building A
                                        To: Building B

                                                                                   MM 850       MM 1300       SM 1310       SM 1550
Passive Cable System Attenuation
Fiber Loss at Operating Wavelength            Cable Length (in kilometers)                                                            km
                                          x Attenuation per km                 x    3.40    x    1.00     x    0.40     x    0.30     dB/km
                                          = Total Fiber Loss                                                                          dB


Connector Loss                                Number of Connector Pairs                                                               pairs
(Excluding Tx & Rx Connectors)            x Individual Connector Pair Loss     x    0.30    x    0.30     x    0.30     x    0.30     dB/pair
                                          = Total Connector Loss                                                                      dB


Splice Loss                                   Number of Splices                                                                       splices
                                          x Individual Splice Loss             x    0.15    x    0.15     x    0.20     x    0.20     dB/splice
                                          = Total Splice Loss                                                                         dB


Other Components Loss                         Total Components Loss                                                                   dB


Total Passive Cable System Attenuation        Total Fiber Loss                                                                        dB
                                          + Total Connector Loss               +            +             +             +             dB
                                          + Total Splice Loss                  +            +             +             +             dB
                                          + Total Components Loss              +            +             +             +             dB
                                          = Total System Attenuation                                                                  dB


                                                                                   MM 850       MM 1300       SM 1310       SM 1550
Link Loss Budget
From Manufacturer's Specifications            Average Transmitter Output            -18.0        -18.0         -18.0         -18.0    dBm
                                                                     9
                                              Receiver Sensitivity (10 BER)         -31.0        -31.0         -31.0         -31.0    dBm


System Gain                                   Average Transmitter Power             -18.0        -18.0         -18.0         -18.0    dBm
                                          - Receiver Sensitivity               -    -31.0   -    -31.0    -    -31.0    -    -31.0    dBm
                                          = System Gain                        =   13.00    =    13.00    =    13.00    =    13.00    dB


Power Penalties                               Operating Margin                      2.0           2.0           3.0           3.0     dB
  # of Fusion Splices Loss per Splice     + Receiver Power Penalties           +    0.0     +     0.0     +     0.0     +     0.0     dB
           2       X      0.3     =       + Repair Margin                      +    0.6     +     0.6     +     0.6     +     0.6     dB
                                          = Total Power Penalties              =    2.60    =    2.60     =    3.60     =    3.60     dB


Link Loss Budget                              System Gain                          13.00         13.00         13.00         13.00    dB
                                          - Power Penalties                    -    2.60    -    2.60     -    3.60     -    3.60     dB
                                          = Total Link Loss Budget             =   10.40    =    10.40    =    9.40     =    9.40     dB


                                                                                   MM 850       MM 1300       SM 1310       SM 1550
Performance
System Performance Margin                     Link Loss Budget                     10.40         10.40         9.40          9.40     dB
                                          - Passive Cable System Attenuation   -            -             -             -             dB

                                                                     109
                                                                                             INDEX




6.8 GLOSSARY

  ANALOG
     Analog comes from the root word ―analogous,‖ which means ―similar to.‖                      In
     telecommunications, analog is a way of sending signals—voice, data, or video—in which the
     transmitted signal is analogous to the original signal. In other words, if you spoke into a
     microphone and saw your voice on an oscilloscope took the same voice as was transmitted on
     the phone line and viewed that signal on an oscilloscope, the two signals would look the same.
     See Digital.
  AWG (AMERICAN WIRE GAUGE)
     The standard measuring gauge of the diameter of copper wires in telecommunications and
     electrical cables.
  BACKBOARD
     A plywood sheet mounted to the wall where telecommunications distribution equipment is
     installed. The backboard must be three-quarter (¾)-inch thick A-C grade fire retardant
     plywood, mounted with the ―A‖ side exposed. The backboard must be coated with two coats
     of light colored, non-conductive fire retardant paint.
  BACKBONE CABLING
     Backbone cable is defined as a major service cable that is used to interconnect various
     buildings on a campus, connect equipment rooms to telecommunications rooms within a
     building, or connect one telecommunications room to another within the same building.
     Backbone cables are typically large capacity (high pair-count) copper cables, or fiber optic
     cables.
  BEND RADIUS
     The maximum radius that a cable can be bent to avoid physical or electrical damage or cause
     adverse transmission performance.
  BONDING
     The permanent joining of metallic parts to form an electrically conductive path that will assure
     electrical continuity and the capacity to conduct safely to ground any current likely to be
     imposed.
  BUS
     An electrical connection which allows two or more wires to be bonded together.
  BUSBAR
     A copper bar, drilled and tapped, to allow the bonding together of wires or cables.
  CABLE PAIR
     Each telecommunications circuit is made up of two copper wires, or a pair of wires. Traditional
     analog telephone service uses one-pair of wires. Some modern digital telephone systems, and
     most computer networks operate over two or four pairs of wires. The ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-A
     standard requires a four-pair cable to each work-area modular jack.
  CABLE PLANT
     A term which refers to the physical connection media such as optical fiber cable or copper
     cable. See Telecommunications Infrastructure.


                                                  110
                                                                                            INDEX



CABLE PULL TENSION
   Stated by the manufacturer as the maximum limit at which the cable’s performance
   characteristics are altered, experiencing electrical or mechanical degradation. Also known as
   maximum recommended installation load (MRIL).
CABLE TENSILE STRENGTH
   Is the limit point where the cable is pulled apart.
CHANGE ORDER (CO)
   Change Orders document the modifications to an existing contract. The change order
   procedure can be initiated by the Owner, Contractor, or the A/E. The A.E will generally start
   the process using the Change Order/Change Order Proposal form.
CAMPUS
   The buildings and grounds of a complex or facility.
CATV (COMMUNITY ANTENNA TELEVISION)
   CATV is commonly referred to as ―cable TV.‖ In the traditional sense, CATV is a master
   antenna that receives television signals, and distributes the signal over cables to a limited
   geographical area, such as a campus, or neighborhood (community). Some CWU facilities
   (such as residence halls) receive cable TV service from a local service provider for a
   subscription fee.     Other CWU facilities receive cable TV service via the campus video
   distribution infrastructure.
CCTV (CLOSED CIRCUIT TELEVISION)
   CCTV is a system where one or more cameras send a television signals to television monitors
   at another location in the same building or campus.
CROSS-CONNECT (XC)
   A cross-connect, or cross-connection, is where individual cable pairs from two different cables
   are connected together with jumper wires. An XC is intended to be easily reconfigured, as
   opposed to a cable splice which is permanent.
DATA SERVICES
   Data service generally refers to the computer network. For future planning purposes, data
   shall be considered to be any information that is transferred in digital form. Advances in
   technology are blending together traditional voice, data, and video services. Eventually, a
   single telecommunications system may process all forms of telecommunications (voice, data,
   and video) over a common infrastructure.
DEMARC
   The point of demarcation between the service provider and the customer. The demarc is
   actually a cable termination block with an orange cover where the service provider’s cable
   terminates. The services are then cross-connected to the customer’s cable for distribution
   throughout the facility. See Telecommunications Service Entrance Facility.
DIGITAL
   In telecommunications or computing, digital is the use of a binary code to represent
   information. In binary code, the information is represented by a series of ―on‖ or ―off‖ states
   (a signal, or an absence of a signal). Analog signals—like a voice—are encoded digitally by
   sampling the voice analog signal many times a second and assigning a number to each
   sample. During transmission, the signals will lose strength and progressively pick up noise or
   distortion. In analog transmission, the signal (along with any noise that is picked up) is simply
   amplified to maintain the proper signal strength at the distant end. In digital transmission,
   the signal is regenerated, cleaning off any noise, and restoring the signal to its original form.

                                                  111
                                                                                            INDEX



   Then the signal is amplified, and sent to the destination. At the destination, the digital signal
   is again regenerated, and restored to its original form for processing. See Analog.
ELECTRO MAGNETIC INTERFERENCE (EMI)
   Electro Magnetic Interference is a signal distortion directly related to a foreign signal being
   imposed through coupling onto a transmission path to which the foreign signal is not
   physically connected.
ENTRANCE FACILITY (EF)
   See Telecommunications Service Entrance Facility (EF).
FACILITY CONTROL AND MONITORING
   It is becoming increasingly common for heating, ventilation, air conditioning, power
   distribution, and water distribution systems to be computer controlled. These computer-
   controlled systems can be networked on the same LAN, or the same telecommunications
   infrastructure, as the traditional data services.
FIRE AND LIFE SAFETY
   As with Facility Control and Monitoring systems, Fire and Life Safety systems such as smoke
   detectors, sprinkler systems, and fire alarms are increasingly becoming computer controlled
   and networked. These systems can also communicate over the common telecommunications
   infrastructure. Local codes may have certain restrictions on the manner in which Fire and Life
   Safety systems are networked, and shall be consulted prior to system design.
GROUND
   A conducting connection, whether intentional or accidental, between an electrical circuit or
   equipment and the earth, or to some conducting body that serves in place of the earth.
GROUNDING, BONDING, AND ELECTRICAL PROTECTION
   Proper grounding and bonding serves three very important purposes. First, from a life safety
   aspect, the ground connection insures that voltages from a malfunctioning system are routed
   directly to ground to prevent an electrocution hazard to people who may come in physical
   contact with the system. Secondly, from a telecommunications standpoint, grounding and
   bonding of telecommunications equipment and systems is an important measure for
   controlling electromagnetic interference (EMI). Ungrounded systems can pick up energy that
   is radiated from another electrical source, such as a large electric motor, an arc welder, or a
   large copy machine. If this energy is absorbed into the telecommunications system, it can
   result in annoying interference on the signal, or at worst, corruption and loss of critical data.
   Thirdly, the telecommunications ground may be used as a reference voltage for electronics
   equipment. The telecommunications ground potential must be consistent to insure reliable
   system performance.
GROUNDING ELECTRODE
   The metallic component that is placed in the earth to form the electrical connection with the
   earth. A grounding electrode is usually a metal rod at least eight (8)-feet long driven into the
   earth. Refer to NFPA 70, Article 250, Part H for acceptable electrical service grounding
   electrodes.
HANDHOLE
   A small cast concrete box placed in an outside plant conduit run as an access point to facilitate
   pulling cable into the conduit.
HEAD END
   In a CATV system, the head end is a term that refers to the electronics equipment that
   receives the television signals from the antennas, and distributes them over the copper and/or
   fiber optic cables.

                                                 112
                                                                                             INDEX



HORIZONTAL DISTRIBUTION CABLING (HDC)
   Horizontal distribution cable is defined as the cable that routes from the telecommunications
   room to the work area. Generally, these cables are routed horizontally on the same floor of a
   building, as opposed to a backbone or ―riser‖ cable that may route vertically in a building.
   Occasionally, a telecommunications room will also serve the floor above and/or below. In this
   case, the cables routing from the telecommunications room to a work-area on the floor above
   or below are still considered to be horizontal distribution cabling.
IDENTIFIER
   A unique descriptive name or number that identifies a specific telecommunications
   infrastructure component.
INFRASTRUCTURE
   The ISP and OSP pathways, spaces, cable plant, and associated electronic devices comprising
   the low voltage signaling systems including but not limited to voice, data, building controls,
   security etc.
INSIDE PLANT (ISP)
   That part of the telecommunications infrastructure that is contained within a building.
INTERMEDIATE CROSS-CONNECT (IC)
   A point where a backbone cable originating from the Main Cross-connect (MC) is cross-
   connected to another backbone cable routing to the final destination. The IC is usually located
   in a Telecommunications Room. The IC was previously referred to as the Intermediate
   Distribution Frame (IDF).
INTERMEDIATE DISTRIBUTION FRAME (IDF)
   An obsolete term referring to the Intermediate Cross-connect (IC).
JACK (OR OUTLET JACK)
   A wiring device used to terminate horizontal distribution cable, normally housed in an outlet
   box. See Modular jack.
JUMPER WIRE
   A short length of wire used to route a circuit by linking two cross-connect points.
LOCAL AREA NETWORK- (LAN)
   The LAN is the network that interconnects all data services for a building or campus. There
   may be one or more LANs in any given building or campus.
LOCAL EXCHANGE CARRIER (LEC)
   The local telephone company, usually U S WEST Telecommunications, GTE, or PTI.
MAINTENANCE HOLE (MH)
   A concrete box placed in an outside plant conduit run as an access point to facilitate pulling
   cable into the conduit. Maintenance holes are large enough for a service technician to enter
   and work on the cabling. OSHA regulates the safety aspects of working in maintenance holes.
   CWU has policies governing work in maintenance holes. ―Manhole‖ is an obsolete term. See
   Handhole.
MAIN CROSS-CONNECT (MC)
   The Main Cross-connect is the point where all telecommunications services are cross-
   connected to the building or campus backbone cables for distribution to other buildings, and
   ultimately, to the users work-area. The MC is usually located in the Main Telecommunications
   Equipment Room (ER).

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                                                                                         INDEX



MAIN DISTRIBUTION FRAME (MDF)
   An obsolete term referring to the Main Cross-connect (MC).
MAIN TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT ROOM (ER)
   The Main Telecommunications Equipment Room is the central location on a campus or in a
   building where the major telecommunications equipment is located. The ER typically contains
   the telephone switching system, and the data center with computer servers and network
   equipment. At CWU’s Ellensburg campus, the ER is called ―The Computer Center‖ and is
   nicknamed ―Wildcat‖.
MAXIMUM RECOMMENDED INSTALLATION LOAD (MRIL)
   Stated by the manufacturer as the cable strength or maximum cable pull tension. It is based
   on the conductor strength within the cable sheath.
MODULAR JACK , (OR PORT, OR OUTLET JACK, OR OUTLET CONNECTOR)
   A ―female‖ telecommunications connector that accepts a mated male modular plug. A wiring
   device used to terminate horizontal distribution cable at the work-area, normally housed in an
   outlet box. Commonly referred to as a port, an outlet jack, or an outlet connector. The IO
   jack will accept the modular eight (8)-position, eight (8)-conductor plug that is normally
   installed on the end of a patch cord or equipment cord.
MODULAR PLUG
   A ―male‖ telecommunications connector that is inserted into a mated female modular jack.
MPOP
   Minimum-Point-of-Presence. This is a policy statement, where it is generally the service
   provider’s policy to locate the Point-of-Presence (POP) the minimum distance possible in from
   the street. The service provider usually prefers the POP to be at the street. However, the
   customer usually prefers the POP to be in the Equipment Room. See POP, Demarc, and
   Telecommunications Service Entrance Facility.
NEMA
   National Electrical Manufacturers Association.
OUTLET BOX
   An enclosure mounted in the wall, or surface mounted on a wall, floor or furniture, into which
   a modular jack may be installed.
OUTLET CONNECTOR
   See Modular Jack.
OUTSIDE PLANT (OSP)
   The part of the telecommunications infrastructure that is outside.   OSP usually refers to an
   underground conduit system, direct buried cable, or aerial cable.
PATCH CORD
   A short length of telecommunications cable with modular plugs on each end used to connect
   between a modular jack and a work-area device such as a telephone or computer, or to
   connect between a patch panel and an electronics device in the Telecommunications Room or
   Equipment Room.
PATCH PANEL
   A panel mounted in an equipment rack in the Telecommunications Room or Equipment Room
   containing modular jacks.     The telecommunications room or ER end of the horizontal
   distribution data cable is terminated at the patch panel. Patch cords are used to connect

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                                                                                              INDEX



   work-area devices to network switches located in the telecommunications room or ER.
PATHWAY (OR CABLE PATHWAY)
   A raceway, conduit, sleeve,      or   reserved   location   for   the   placing   and   routing   of
   telecommunications cable.
PBX
   Private Branch eXchange. A large, full feature telephone switching system that usually serves
   a large building or campus.
POP
   Point-of-Presence. The physical location where a service provider delivers telecommunications
   service. See MPOP, Demarc, and Telecommunications Service Entrance Facility.
PORT
   See Modular Jack.
PRIMARY PROTECTOR (OR PROTECTOR BLOCK, OR PROTECTOR PANEL)
   A device interconnected to the telecommunications service providers’ access line, or to each
   end of an outside plant campus distribution copper cable, to protect the connected equipment
   and personnel from over-voltage and/or over-current conditions. Hazardous voltages and
   currents are shunted to ground through the protector block.
PULLBOX
   A box, located in an inside plant cable pathway, intended to serve as an access point to
   facilitate pulling cable through the conduit.
REGISTERED TELECOMMUNICATIONS DISTRIBUTION DESIGNER (RCDD)
   The internationally recognized professional designation of Registered Telecommunications
   Distribution Designer (RCDD) is presented by BICSI a Telecommunications Association to its
   members that have proven their ability through on the job experience and having passed a
   thorough exam.
RFI
   Radio Frequency Interference is a signal distortion directly related to a foreign radio signal
   being imposed through coupling onto a transmission path that the foreign radio signal is not
   physically connected to.
RACEWAY
   A metal or plastic channel used for loosely holding telecommunications or electrical cables.
   See Pathway.
RISER CABLE
   An obsolete term referring to backbone cable.
ROUTER
   A device that connects between two networks, and routes data traffic from one network to the
   other.
SECURITY SYSTEMS
   Security systems such as intrusion alarms, remote door locks, and magnetic strip identification
   cards may be computer controlled and networked. Some new technology employs Biometric
   systems that scan the retina of the eye, or make an optical image of the fingerprint, and
   compare that image to a computer database as a means of identification. Many of these
   systems have proprietary components, but many can be networked on the common
   telecommunications infrastructure and shall be taken into consideration in any design.
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                                                                                          INDEX



SERVICE PROVIDER
   The company or utility that provides telecommunications services to a customer.
SNEAK CURRENT
   Unwanted but steady currents that seep into a communication circuit. These low-level
   currents are insufficient to trigger electrical surge protectors and therefore are able to pass
   them undetected. They are usually too weak to cause immediate damage, but if unchecked
   will create harmful heating effects.       Sneak currents may result from contact between
   telecommunications lines and AC power circuits or from power induction, and may cause
   equipment damage due to overheating.
SPLICE
   A permanent joining of conductors from separate cables.
SPLICE BOX
   A box, located in a pathway, intended to house a cable splice.
SPLICE CLOSURE
   A device used to enclose and protect a cable splice.
STAR TOPOLOGY (OR STAR DISTRIBUTION)
   A topology where all phones and computers in a given area are wired directly to a central
   service location in the telecommunications room. Star topology is the standard wiring
   topology for the CWU.
SUBSTRUCTURE
   The ISP and OSP pathways and spaces for the low voltage signaling systems including but not
   limited to voice, data, building controls, security etc. Substructure does not include cable
   plant and electronic devices (see infrastructure).
SWEEP
   A conduit bend that meets ANSI/TIA/EIA-569-A bend-radius requirements forming a gentle
   arc rather than a sharp bend.
SWITCH
   An electronic device that interconnects networked data devices (computers) through port-to-
   port switching.
TELECOMMUNICATIONS
   Any transmission, emission, or reception of signs, signals, writings, images, and sounds, or
   information of any nature by wire, radio, visual, or other electromagnetic systems.
TELECOMMUNICATIONS BONDING BACKBONE (TBB)
   The grounding conductor (cable) that interconnects the Telecommunications Main Grounding
   Busbar (TMGB), Telecommunications Grounding Busbars (TGB), various telecommunications
   equipment, equipment racks, and cable shields to the building’s electrical service grounding
   electrode.
TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROOM (TR)
   The Telecommunications Room is a location in each building, or each floor of a building, where
   backbone cables transition to horizontal distribution cables. The TR may also contain certain
   items of network electronics equipment such as hubs or routers. A large building, with large
   floors, may have multiple TRs on a floor. Depending on the size of the building, a TR may be
   a separate room, or it may be simply be a cabinet containing telecommunications equipment.


                                                116
                                                                                           INDEX



TELECOMMUNICATIONS GROUNDING BUSBAR (TGB)
   In buildings with multiple Telecommunications Rooms, each telecommunications room is
   equipped with a TGB. All of the TGBs in the building are bonded together, and to the
   Telecommunications Main Grounding Busbar (TMGB), with the Telecommunications Bonding
   Backbone (TBB).
TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
   The telecommunications infrastructure is defined as the pathways, spaces and cabling
   necessary to support the signaling between telecommunications devices. The infrastructure
   must be designed to support the known present, and reasonably certain future, signaling
   requirements of the telecommunications systems.            With the rapid advances in
   telecommunications technology, the telecommunications cabling will likely require
   replacement or upgrade several times over the life of a building, with an average life
   expectancy of 8 to 15 years. Therefore, the design of the pathways and spaces has a major
   impact on the cost of future cabling upgrades. See Telecommunications Substructure.
TELECOMMUNICATIONS MAIN GROUNDING BUSBAR (TMGB)
   A busbar placed in a convenient and accessible location in the Entrance Facility (EF),
   Equipment Room (ER), and all Telecommunications Rooms.           All telecommunications
   equipment, equipment racks, protector blocks, metallic cable shields, and exposed
   noncurrent-carrying metal parts of information technology equipment are bonded to the
   TMGB, which is then bonded by means of the Telecommunications Bonding Backbone (TBB) to
   the main electrical service grounding electrode.
TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE ENTRANCE FACILITY (EF)
   The Telecommunications Service Entrance Facility is the point where the telecommunications
   service enters the customer’s property. The EF may contain electronics equipment and line
   protection equipment required by the service provider. The EF may be combined with the
   Main Telecommunications Equipment Room, or the EF may be an outdoor pedestal or cabinet
   near the street. Other terms that are used in conjunction with the EF include:
   1.       Demarc – The point of demarcation between the service provider and the customer.
   This is actually a cable termination block where the service provider’s cable terminates, and is
   cross-connected to the customer’s cable. It is usually located in the EF.
   2.       POP – Point-of-Presence. The physical location of the demarc.
   3.       MPOP – Minimum-Point-of-Presence. This is a policy statement, where it is generally
   the service provider’s policy to locate the POP the minimum distance possible in from the
   street. The service provider usually prefers the POP to be at the street. However, the
   customer usually prefers the POP to be in the Equipment Room.
TELECOMMUNICATIONS SUBSTRUCTURE
   The telecommunications substructure is defined as the equipment rooms, telecommunications
   rooms, cable pathways, or other physical structures such as antenna towers, necessary to
   support telecommunications. Cable pathways include aerial pole lines, underground conduit
   systems, utility vaults, interior conduit systems, interior cable trays, or other methods of
   routing and supporting telecommunications cable. The telecommunications substructure shall
   be designed for the life of the building. ANSI/TIA/EIA-569-A provides the standards to be
   applied to telecommunications substructure. See Telecommunications Infrastructure.
TERMINATION FIELD
   A space on the plywood telecommunications backboard where termination hardware is
   mounted. The termination field is arranged into areas where different types of cables are
   terminated based on their purpose and use.
TERMINATION HARDWARE
   Any device used on the end of a cable to connect or cross-connect cables to other cables, or to
   telecommunications equipment.

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                                                                                        INDEX



VOICE SERVICES
   Voice services supported by the telecommunications infrastructure include telephone services,
   either directly from the Local Exchange Carrier (LEC), or from a CWU owned telephone
   system, voice mail services, intercom and paging services, and some radio systems. Fax
   services and individual computer modems usually operate over the voice system.
VOICE SWITCH
   An electronic device that establishes or disestablishes circuits between telecommunications
   systems or devices.
WORK AREA
   The work area is defined as the location where telecommunications service is provided for
   people to use. This is the area where a computer, telephone, or other telecommunications
   device is located and where people will use these tools to do work.




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                                                                                                                        INDEX




INDEX

Access Control Systems .............................. 5               74, 77, 85, 92, 95, 96, 98, 100
Access Floors............................................ 83       Cutover Plans ................................... 99, 100
Acquisition and Procurement 12, 17, 18, 19, 34                     CWU Staff ........... 4, 12, 13, 15, 60, 63, 81, 94
Aerial Distribution ..................................... 65       Demarcation Point ..... 22, 82, 96, 97, 111, 117
Alarm Systems .......................................... 5         Design Development Phase . 38, 39, 69, 73, 74
Alternative Design Request .. 9, 13, 21, 34, 35,                   Design Review Process .. 13, 16, 21, 27, 29, 30,
   40, 42, 59, 65                                                     31, 32, 38, 39, 101
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) .......... 88                Designer Qualifications ............................. 26
AMP Netconnect® ...19, 20, 22, 23, 51, 52, 53,                     Direct-buried Cabling ................................ 67
   54                                                              DIS Master Contract ................. 17, 18, 20, 34
AMP Netconnect® Warranty . 22, 23, 34, 42, 51                      Disposal of Information Technology Equipment
ANSI/TIA/EIA Commercial Building                                      ..................................................... 17, 18
   Telecommunications Standards . 6, 8, 10, 21,                    Doors .............................................. 74, 115
   34, 35, 39, 42, 43, 53, 110, 116, 117                           Ductbanks .... 8, 32, 33, 39, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63,
Architects 4, 13, 20, 26, 27, 31, 32, 33, 34, 72,                     64, 66, 67, 96
   73, 74, 111                                                     Duplex SC Connectors .............................. 70
Backboards .... 38, 49, 69, 74, 82, 97, 98, 110,                   Electrical Engineers .................. 26, 45, 77, 92
   117                                                             Electrical Power 44, 49, 53, 61, 62, 67, 74, 77,
BICSI .................................................. 6, 10        78, 82, 84, 85, 91, 92, 96, 112, 116
   Customer-Owned Outside Plant Design Manual ..6,                 Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) 31, 33, 43,
      8, 9, 10, 42, 55, 86                                            44, 77, 78, 82, 84, 112
   Telecommunications Cabling Installation Manual 6,               Elevation Diagrams .................... 99, 106, 107
      8, 10, 42, 55
                                                                   Energy Management Systems ...................... 5
   Telecommunications Distribution Methods Manual
      . 6, 8, 9, 10, 42, 43, 53, 75, 77, 80, 85, 92, 93            Engineers .................................. 4, 13, 26, 33
Bidding .............................................. 34, 39      Enterprise Network ................................... 12
Bridge and Waterway Crossing Distribution .. 66                    Entrance Facilities .. 7, 21, 22, 33, 59, 86, 111,
Building Automation Systems ...... 5, 53, 67, 93                      112, 114, 115, 117
Butterfly Diagrams ................37, 99, 100, 102                Environmental Control Systems ................... 5
Cabinets for Telecommunications Equipment                          Equipment Rooms .... 7, 32, 44, 72, 80, 81, 82,
   .................... 73, 75, 76, 77, 78, 80, 83, 84                83, 84, 85, 86, 89, 92, 105, 106, 107, 113,
Cable Length ............................................ 73          114, 117
Cable Television Distribution Systems .......... 93                Extent of Construction
                                                                        Full Remodel ...10, 14, 15, 20, 45, 48, 52, 55, 56,
Cable Test Reports ......................... 41, 87, 88
                                                                           70, 78, 81
Cable Tray ........ 19, 32, 42, 47, 48, 49, 51, 75                      Light Remodel .10, 14, 15, 20, 45, 46, 47, 48, 55,
Category 3 Cable ................................ 50, 53                   70, 72, 73, 75, 76, 79, 81, 86, 87
Category 5 Cable ...................................... 52              New Construction . 10, 14, 15, 20, 45, 48, 50, 51,
Category 5e Cable............................... 50, 52                    55, 56, 70, 78, 81
Category 5E Cable .................................... 53               Telecommunications-only......... 10, 15, 45, 46, 48
Category 6 Cable ........................... 50, 52, 53            Facilities Planning & Construction Services
Closed Circuit Television Systems ................ 5                 (FP&CS) ................................... 12, 16, 20
Concrete ..............................60, 62, 112, 113                 Project Manager13, 17, 20, 21, 27, 28, 33, 34, 40
Conduit Bends .................. 39, 60, 76, 96, 116               Fiber Optic Cabling ... 5, 65, 69, 70, 71, 82, 87,
Conduit Fill ............................................... 49       90, 92, 98, 108, 110, 112
Construction Document Phase .................... 38                Fire Alarm Systems .................................... 5
Construction Documents ... 6, 8, 10, 27, 39, 40,                   Fire Suppression Systems .............. 74, 75, 83
  41, 42, 67, 88, 89, 95, 96, 97, 100, 105,                        Firestopping ............................................ 87
  106, 107                                                         Flex Conduit ................................. 39, 49, 59
Construction Observation ..... 13, 14, 18, 32, 40                  Floors ..................................... 33, 74, 82, 83
Contractors .. 4, 11, 16, 17, 19, 20, 22, 23, 32,                  Generators ......................................... 77, 84
  34, 40, 41, 87, 88, 96, 111                                      Grounding and Bonding ... 8, 32, 77, 78, 80, 85,
Convenience Power Outlet ......... 24, 45, 80, 85                     86, 87, 97, 98, 116, 117
Coordination (Cross-discipline) ... 4, 31, 33, 34,                 Handholes .... 8, 14, 21, 32, 37, 39, 61, 64, 65,

                                                                  119
                                                                                                                         INDEX



   67, 89, 96, 99, 100, 102                                        PBX ................ 71, 80, 82, 85, 86, 97, 98, 115
Horizontal Telecommunications Infrastructure                       Photographs .......................... 37, 40, 97, 100
   .................... 7, 32, 47, 52, 53, 90, 91, 113             PLC Control Systems .................................. 5
HVAC Systems ................................ 4, 33, 75            Plumbing ................................................. 33
Identifiers ......25, 88, 89, 90, 91, 96, 100, 113                 Poke-thru ................................................ 47
Innerduct ........................... 32, 57, 64, 67, 70           Pressurization Systems ............................. 68
Inside Plant Telecommunications Infrastructure                     Prime Consultant ........................... 26, 31, 35
   ............................................ 5, 44, 51, 96      Pull Boxes ............................................... 50
Installers ................................................. 11    Racks ... 32, 75, 76, 80, 82, 83, 85, 90, 97, 98,
Instructions for Architects and Engineers Doing                       116, 117
   Business with Division of Engineering and                       Record Drawings .................... 40, 41, 88, 100
   Architectural Services ...... 9, 32, 95, 98, 100                Residence Halls . 10, 15, 46, 48, 49, 50, 54, 71,
ITS Department .................................. 17, 18              72, 92, 93, 111
ITS Infrastructure Specialist 13, 14, 15, 16, 17,                  Review Comment Report .......................... 101
   20, 21, 24, 25, 27, 28, 31, 40, 42, 66, 69,                     RF Radiation ............................................ 66
   82, 83, 84, 92, 99                                              Schematic Design Phase 33, 37, 38, 39, 47, 72
ITS Telecom Manager ... 13, 19, 20, 21, 23, 25,                    Security Electronics Room ........................... 5
   27, 33, 34                                                      Security Systems ................................ 5, 115
J-Hooks ............................................. 47, 48       Service Providers 22, 31, 59, 82, 96, 111, 114,
Junction Boxes ......................................... 96           115, 117
Labeling ............................. 78, 80, 88, 90, 96          Sizing of TRs ..... 38, 72, 73, 76, 81, 82, 83, 86
Link-Loss Budget ....................... 99, 100, 108              Slope ................................................. 59, 63
Local Area Network (LAN)8, 12, 24, 71, 76, 82,                     Soffit ...................................................... 49
   83, 92, 112, 113, 116                                           Splicing .................... 65, 68, 69, 87, 111, 116
Loose Tube Fiber Optic Cabling ................... 69              Splitting Pairs ..................................... 24, 51
Low Voltage Electronics Room ..................... 5               State of Washington Conditions of the
Low Voltage Systems . 4, 5, 27, 52, 53, 61, 72,                       Agreement ....................... 9, 26, 27, 37, 98
   81, 84, 97, 98                                                  Steam ......................... 33, 62, 63, 64, 81, 96
Maintenance Holes ... 8, 14, 21, 32, 33, 37, 39,                   Submittals........................................ 40, 100
   60, 61, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 89, 96, 99, 100,                    Technical Power Outlets ............ 24, 78, 84, 85
   102, 113                                                        Telecommunications Construction Guide
Mechanical Engineers ................................ 74              Specification 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 23, 24, 25, 27,
Mode-Conditioning Patch Cords................... 70                   38, 89, 99
Moves/Adds/Changes (MAC) ...... 11, 23, 24, 25                     Telecommunications Rooms.. 7, 12, 24, 76, 90,
Multimode Fiber Optic Cabling .............. 71, 92                   105
National Electrical Code .......... 8, 9, 42, 43, 44               Under Slab or In Slab Conduit ......... 39, 49, 55
National Electrical Safety Code .... 8, 44, 61, 62                 Undercarpet Telecommunications Cabling.... 44
Operation and Maintenance Manuals............ 41                   Uninterruptible Power Supply .... 76, 78, 79, 84,
Outside Plant Telecommunications                                      85, 97, 98
   Infrastructure.. 5, 33, 37, 40, 58, 60, 61, 62,                 Washington State Department of Information
   65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 89, 96, 102, 104, 112,                         Services (DIS) ...................... 12, 17, 18, 43
   113, 114, 115, 116                                              Washington State Department of Labor and
Paging Systems ........................................ 94            Industries ......................................... 8, 77
Paint ............................................... 74, 110      Washington State Office of Financial
Patch Cords ...................................... 54, 114            Management (OFM) .............................. 18
Patch Panels ..................... 69, 71, 82, 90, 114             Wireless or Radio System Distribution.... 66, 94




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