The Shawshank Redemption close viewing - PowerPoint by A6524fjQ


									The Shawshank
  Close Viewing
        The Rooftop - Freedom
► The  background of the
  prisoners is offset by
  the green, bright tones
  of the outside of
  Shawshank – this is
  juxtaposed with the
  grey of the inside of
  the prison an the
  background of the
► Andy „tricks‟ Hadley
  and reveals him as an
  unintelligent thug
        The Rooftop - Freedom
►  This is an uplifting scene as we watch the harsh,
  unbreakable walls of Shawshank dissolve away for
  the men as they sit in the sun and drink cold
  bottles of beer.
► Andy sits by himself (in the light) to show that he
  is different. He retains hope and wants to retain a
  sense of freedom. This is the first time he shows
  emotion – looks content
► Red is seen with the guards in the background
  blurred over his shoulder – there is always the
  „institutionalised‟ mentality – Andy offers hope
         The Rooftop - Freedom
► This scene is all about giving the prisoners a taste
  of hope and freedom. Andy is the a leader,
  offering redemption
      “We sat and drank with the sun on our
      shoulders and felt like free men…We       were
      the Lords of all Creation.”
► “You could argue he‟d done it to curry favour with
  the guards…Me? I think he did it to feel normal
  again, if only for a short while”.
► The audience experiences victory with these men.
The Warden Visits Andy
           ►   Not by accident, he chooses
               Andy‟s sell.
           ►   The natural light is always
               very prominent when Andy is
           ►   Background lighting is
           ►   Where does the real power
               lie? Is Andy warning the
               Warden? Who is smarter? –
               Close ups reveal a battle of
               wits between the two men.
               We don‟t trust the Warden
               and neither does Andy.
        The Warden Visits Andy
► „Light‟interesting quote – who is the „light of the
► Andy is smarter than the warden. We cannot yet
  see the embedded humour of the situation with
  the poster and the rocks. The warden thinks that
  he is doing himself and Andy a favour, however
  the irony is that it is the worse mistake he could
► Andy and the Warden are strongly contrasted both
  cinematically – costume, lighting, dialogue
    Brooks leaving Shawshank – Red’s
             dialogue/ insight
►   Red is one of the only people
    who understands Brooks‟
    reaction to his parole. In this
    way we can see that, to
    some extent, Brooks and Red
    are parallels with each other
    – they have both served long
    sentences, both have a life
    and lifestyle in the prison
►   Just when we think Andy
    might save and redeem hope
    for Red, we learn that he is
    probably institutionalised like
 Brooks Leaving Shawshank – Red’s
          dialogue/ insight
► “He‟s just institutionalised.”
► “This is all he knows. In here, he is an important
  man. Outside he‟s nothing”.
► “These walls are funny. First you hate em, then
  you get used to em. Enough time passes you get
  so you depend on em. That‟s institutionalised.”
► “They send you hear for life, that‟s exactly what
  they take from you.”
      Brooks Leaving Shawshank -
► Brooks   lets Jake go out a small window in the
  library. The backing light is dark – almost black,
  no hope. It is often said that a caged bird will not
  survive outside that environment – this is like
► Contrast of light – for Brooks‟ exit from the prison
  the focus is on the light on the inside of the prison
  because this represents his home. Outside is grey
  and dull, ominous looking. This is because of
  uncertainty of the outside.
     Brooks Leaving Shawshank -
► Brooksis always seen in shadowed lighting – this
 symbolises lost hope – contrast with the birds in
 the park, they are free.
Brooks Leaving Shawshank – Sound
► Music  as Brooks leaves is slow and soft – not
► Notice the noise of the cars: horns blaring, braking
  – totally unfamiliar to Brooks, this is supposed to
  highlight his displacement in the outside world.
     Brooks Leaving Shawshank –
         Camera Techniques
► The  camera is placed on the outside of the prison
  giving a long shot of Brooks saying goodbye to the
  guards – notice lighting is brighter on the inside –
  he is shaking the guards hands with shows
  familiarity. The placement of the characters tells
  us he is at home in the prison.
► Zoom in to a mid shot of Brooks sitting on the bus,
  his hands gripping the seat in front of him – facial
  expression shows he is scared.
   Brooks Leaving Prison – Camera
► Close  up of Brooks behind the wooden rails/
  rafters, represents the prison bars – this shows
  that he is imprisoned on the outside – he smiles.
► Close up of Brooks‟ feet shows him standing on
  the table and the wooden clippings dropping
  around his feet. We watch him rock the table and
  hang himself.
► Zoom out from the „Brooks Was Here‟ engraving to
  a full shot showing Brooks hanging – symbolic of a
  prison suicide.
     Brooks Leaving Shawshank –
         Camera Techniques
► This  fades away to Andy and Brook reading the
  letter: Close up of Red, feeling remorse" He
  should‟ve died in here” Red says.
     Brooks Leaving Shawshank -
► The  letter back to the others at Shawshank
  documents Red‟s loss of hope. Freedom traps him.
► “I saw an automobile once when I was a kid, but
  now they‟re everywhere”. Shows how much the
  world has changed and how unfamiliar it is.
► “Maybe I should get me a gun and rob the
  Foodway so they‟d send me home.” Brooks thinks
  of prison as home.
► “I don‟t like it here, I‟m tired of being afraid”.
     Brooks Leaving Shawshank -
► Voiceover changes to Brooks‟ perspective – why
  do we trust him?
      Aria over the Loudspeaker –
► Irony  – „The Marriage of Figaro‟ (Mozart) about a
  servant who outwitted his master.
► Guards and prisoners alike are stunned and
  hypnotised by the music as it breaks the routine of
  prison life. The music transcends the day to day
► A medium shot reveals Andy has the same look on
  his face as in the „Rooftop Scene‟. He is allowing
  them to have some freedom again.
      Aria over the Loudspeaker –
► Crane  shot of the prisoners in the yard looking at
  the loud speaker and listening to the music. The
  whole prison has been moved to a standstill.
► The light is resonating through the prison.
► Close up of the men‟s faces as the camera pans
  shows that they are in awe of the music. They
  seem peaceful and at ease
       Aria over the Loudspeaker –
► Voiceover:
► “I  tell you those voices soared. Higher and farther
  that a person in a grey place dares to dream. It
  was like some beautiful bird flapped into our drab
  little cage and made those walls dissolve away.
  And for the briefest of moments, every last man in
  Shawshank felt free.” –This statement finishes
  with a close up of Red – Andy made his taste
     Aria over the Loudspeaker –
► Andy  has the same expression on his face as he
  did on the rooftop.
► The abrupt scratch of the music shows a return to
  the evil of the prison.
        Andy talks about Hope
► Red  reveals he used to like the harmonica before:
  “I used to play a mean harmonica”
► Andy: “You need it so you don‟t forget…there are
  places in the world that aren‟t made out of stone…
  There‟s something inside that they can‟t get to
  they can‟t touch…Hope.”
► Red: “Hope is a dangerous thing. Hope can drive
  a man insane.”
  Red’s Second Parole Hearing – 30
► Red  is not as nervous or anxious about this hearing.
  He is calm. After all that has gone on – especially
  Brooks, he is giving up hope. His speech is the same
  but it is not done with such uncertainty. As the years
  pass he is residing himself to the fact that he has
  become institutionalised.
► Harmonica - Andy gives Red a harmonica
  remembering what he said. Music is hope. Andy is
  giving Red hope. The harmonica is a symbol of
► Red plays a little note on the harmonica – hope?
        Tommy Williams Murder
► The   Warden steps out of the dark, shadowy
  background lighting, just as he did in the
  beginning of the film and so many times
  throughout – Leads us to think that if Andy is a
  „Christ-like figure‟, then the Warden is surely the
  opposite (think devil)
► This shows how evil and corrupt the Warden is. He
  is „icy and remorseless‟. He kills Tommy in cold
  blood as easily as the close up of his foot
  squashing or extinguishing the cigarette – with
  that movement he tries to extinguish Andy‟s hope.
       Tommy Williams Murder
►A   crane shot of Tommy with 4 bullet holes in his
  back on the ground reveals the Warden shaded,
  examining his work. The light is placed over
► The Warden threatens to take away all of Andy‟s
  hope – “Are you catching my drift; or am I being
  obtuse”. The Warden plays games with Andy,
  allows him a little freedom, hope and then tries to
  squash his spirit.
  Andy and Red Conversation – Lost
► This  scene drives us to ask the question: Has Andy
  been beaten down and stripped of hope - by the
  Warden and Shawshank Prison?
► He sits in the shade and this could be symbolic of
  the fact that he feels that if he stays there any
  longer, Shawshank will kill his spirit.
► Andy believe is dreams and in freedom. This is
  why he tells Red about Zihuatenejo – it has “no
  memory”. It is a place where he can be redeemed,
  where he can be free. Will Red join him or is he in
  fact institutionalised?
            The Final Scenes
► The  dramatic tension reaches an almost certain
  breaking point when Red is talking about how
  dejected Andy feels and Heywood reveals he gave
  him rope – will Andy be like Brooks?
Inmate: “Remember Brooks Hadlen”
Inmate 2: “No. Andy would never do that.”
Red: “Every man has his breaking point.”
Are they wrong to assume Andy would commit
             The Final Scenes
► It is appropriate that we see Andy pulling the wool
  over the Warden‟s eyes. Specific moments in this
  sequence are put in place so that we can decipher
  pieces of the puzzle – Andy placing the bible and
  papers in the safe, shining the shoes,
► “It‟s good having you back Andy. Place wasn‟t the
  same without you”. – the Warden doesn‟t
  recognise who he is up against.
► Yet again, lighting and the contrast of light
  between the Warden and Andy show us good and
                 Final Scenes
►A  medium shot of Andy sitting on the bed in his
  prison reveals that he is calm and appears to be
► A number of close ups reveals Andy reaching for
  the rope. He holds it in his hands – what is he
  going to do?
► A close up reveals Andy staring at the wall the
  poster is on.
► Zoom in to a close up of Red – “That was the
  longest night of my life” – Lightening crashes in
  the background.
              Final Scenes
► The  familiar sound of iron bars and alarms
  sends the routine of the prison underway.
► A close up of the guard reveals his shock –
  “Oh my holy God” – blasphemy
                 Final Scenes
► Cut  to Warden Norton revealing Andy‟s shoes in
  his shoebox – The viewer now thinks seriously
  about what is going on. Piece by piece the puzzle
  is put back together.
► Tilt to a close up of the Warden trying to figure
  out what is happening and then right on cue, the
  siren rings out – just as it did when Andy arrived
► The Warden is incensed at having been tricked
  and can‟t figure out what has happened – Andy
  has outsmarted him
                 Final Scenes
►A  close up of Raquel Welch draws our attention to
  the poster – all through the movie we‟ve been
  drawn to the changing women on Andy‟s wall but
  have never questioned it.
► The Warden throws a chess piece at the poster
  and we hear it carry on through the wall.
► A zoom out reveals the tunnel through which Andy
  escaped and the Warden, Red and Hadley all in
  awe of the discovery.
► Cut to police cars and sirens rushing to the prison.
  Men wading through the water
                Final Scenes
► Voiceover:  “In 1966 Andy DuFresne escaped from
  Shawshank Prison.”
► Zoom in to a close up of the rock hammer worn to
  the nub: “I remember thinking it would take a
  man six hundred years to tunnel through the wall
  with it. Old Andy did it in less than twenty.”
► Flashback – Cut to a close up of Andy scratching
  his name in the wall. Reveals that the wall comes
  away easily.
                 Final Scenes
► Voiceover:  “Andy loved geology. I imagine it
  appealed to his meticulous nature…Geology is the
  study of pressure and time. That‟s all it takes
  really – pressure and time…That and a big god
  damned poster.”
► There are many references to earlier things Red
  has said, this is so we can see the intricate detail
  that has gone into the plot of this movie. Aspects
  have been introduced and then reinforced later –
  the puzzle becomes clearer.
                Final Scenes
► Voiceover: “I guess after Tommy was killed, Andy
  decided he‟d been here just about long enough.”
► The voiceover is important because we can make
  links and Red points them out. He also give just
  cause for Andy‟s actions. He is our guide on this
  journey – the story of Andy‟s life in Shawshank.
► In these scenes, Andy seems confident, like he
  knows something we don‟t. He has outwitted the
  Warden and this is just an added bonus to his
  freedom – It is his revenge
                 Final Scenes
► The  scenes play out with additional information,
  shots, snippets that allow us to see Andy‟s
► We are with Andy as he crawls through the sewer:
  “Andy crawled to freedom through five-hundred
  yards of shit smelling foulness I can't even
► At the end he is symbolically „reborn‟ into the
  world, shedding his clothes and the entrapments
  of the prison.
► Andy‟s „Christ- Like‟ pose is the definitive mark of
  his redemption – all the trials and tribulations are
  washed away, overridden by his triumph and
  freedom – „Let the rain wash away our sins‟
                  Final Scenes
► The  Warden‟s world begins to unravel when a
  newspaper is sent information from Andy about the
► A close up of the Warden‟s attention being diverted to
  the embroidery – Close up zoom in to extreme close
  up: “His judgement cometh and that right soon”,
  coincides nicely with the sound of the siren coming to
  get Norton – It is his judgement day
► The police are after the real villain – contrast with
► A series of close ups reveal the Warden‟s world
  crumbling – the Holy Bible – “You were right, salvation
  lay within” – Flicks it open to reveal the outline of the
                 Final Scenes
► The  real evil in the prison are getting the
  „redemption‟ that they deserve – Hadley “sobbing
  like a little girl”.
► Music is used here to build suspense and
  atmosphere when Norton is loading his gun – the
  end is near. Close up of Warden loading the gun is
  reminiscent of Andy at the beginning of the film –
  What‟s going to happen? Who is he going to
  shoot? We think it is going to be the cops (mid
  shot points the gun at the door)
► The policeman yells “Make it easy on yourself
  Norton” – so he takes the easy alternative and
  shoots himself. Gunfire and he sound of shattering
  glass is linked to the way he dies – shattered skull
                  Final Scenes
► Voiceover: “Ilike to think the last thing that
 went through his head, other than that
 bullet, was to wonder how Andy DuFresne
 ever got the best of him”.
               Final Scenes
►A   mid shot of Andy in a convertible is the
  ultimate picture of freedom. He is bathed in
  light and has a content look on his face.
  “Andy DuFresne, who crawled through a
  river of shit and came out clean on the
      other side.”
► Zoom out to a sweeping overhead shot of
  the Pacific Ocean – this in stark contrast to
  the same view of Shawshank at the
  beginning. The ultimate in freedom. The
  outcome of hope.
                      Final Scenes
►   “I have to remind myself
    that some birds aren't
    meant to be caged. Their
    feathers are just too bright
    and when they fly away,
    the part of you that knows
    it was a sin to lock them
    up does rejoice, but still,
    the place you live in is that
    much more drab and
    empty that they're gone. I
    guess I just miss my
       Red‟s Final Parole Hearing
► Red is in the light.
► The panel is different – younger man, a woman
► Rehabilitated? Well now, let me see. You know, I don't
  have any idea what that means...I know what you think it
  means. To me, it's just a made-up word, a politician's word
  so that young fellas like yourself can wear a suit and a tie
  and have a job. What do you really want to know? Am I
  sorry for what I did?...There's not a day goes by I don't
  feel regret. And not because I'm in here or because you
  think I should. I look back on the way I was then. A
  young, stupid kid who committed that terrible crime. I
  want to talk to him. I want to try and talk some sense to
  him. Tell him the way things are. But I can't. That kid's
  long gone. This old man is all that's left. I gotta live with
  that. 'Rehabilitated?' That's just a bulls--t word. So you go
  on and stamp your forms, sonny, and stop wasting my
  time. Because to tell you the truth, I don't give a s--t.
    Ellis ‘Red’ Redding Leaving Shawshank        -
►  This scene is strongly contrasted with Brooks
  leaving prison. Red and Brooks are constructed as
  parallels throughout the film but in the end they
  are contrasted through Red‟s ability to hope – an
  intentional ploy to build dramatic tension by Frank
► Cinematic techniques in this scene are used to
  contrast the two characters and bring to an end
  one phase of the storyline.
   Ellis ‘Red’ Redding Leaving Shawshank -
► Light is on the outside of the prison this time – this
  represents freedom and also the fact that there may
  be some hope for Red.
► Red is always seen in the light in this scene, as is
  Andy through most of the film, this is symbolic of
► Red is unfazed by the sound of a siren on the street
  below. It is like he is used to it.
► When Red arrives at the field in Buxton we can hear
  the sound of a harmonica playing, which symbolises
  hope – Red chooses hope “get busy living”
► We also hear the natural sound of the birds chirping,
  frogs etc which is strongly suggesting freedom.
     Ellis ‘Red’ Redding Leaving Shawshank –
                 Camera Techniques
►   Placement of the camera inside the prison shows a long
    shot of Red leaving the prison. He is not so familiar with
    the guards and the focus is on the outside of the prison.
►   A mid shot of Red on the bus reveals that he is somewhat
    relaxed, taking in the scenery.
►   When Red arrives in the same room Brooks had there is a
    point of view shot of “Brooks was Here” – leaves the
    viewer questioning whether or not the same fate will await
►   Over the shoulder shot of Red considering his life on the
    outside in the mirror – is he a changed man? What has
    time done to him?
►   In Buxton, there are a lot of wide shots and long shots that
    show the background – Red is free
     Ellis ‘Red’ Redding Leaving Shawshank -
►   “There‟s a harsh truth to face
    – no way I‟m going to make
    it on the outside”
►   “All I do anymore is think of
    ways to break my parole so
    they‟ll send me back” –
    Notice Red does not say
    „home‟. Close up of the gun
    and pan to the compass –
    hope? Freedom?
►   “Only one thing stops me. A
    promise I made to Andy”.
    Andy is the guiding light for
    Red. He has offered him
    hope that there is a life for
    him on the outside.
► Remember,   Red. Hope is a good thing, maybe the
 best of things and no good thing ever dies.

► Getbusy livin', or get busy dyin'. That's god-damn
 right – Red had a choice. He made it.

►I find I am so excited I can barely sit still or hold a
 thought in my head. I think it's the excitement
 only a free man can feel, a free man at the start
 of a long journey whose conclusion is uncertain. I
 hope I can make it across the border. I hope to
 see my friend and shake his hand. I hope the
 Pacific is as blue as it has been in my dreams. I
        Red is reunited with Andy
► The camera skims across the blue Pacific [a scene
 filmed in the US Virgin Islands], and then dissolves to
 a wide shot of a bright, warm, sunlit beach, where
 Red walks bare-footed on the sand toward an old
 wreck of a boat. With simple hand tools (a hammer
 rests on the boat!), Andy is patiently and meticulously
 sanding the old paint from the boat's ancient surface.
 He slowly turns and sees his friend approaching - and
 jumps off to greet him. The camera pulls back,
 revealing the wide, distant horizon of the blue Pacific
 with no end in sight. No longer are the prison-mates
 to be confined by walls, iron bars, supervisory guards,
 and limits on their lives. Both are redeemed,
 reconnected and re-united, with the precious
 possession of freedom.

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