Prison Service Instruction 31/2001
Revised Life Sentence Plan
14 June 2001 15 June 2002
CONTAINS MANDATORY INSTRUCTIONS
For Action Monitored by
Governing Governors / Directors of all Prisons Lifer Managers, Lifer Unit and Standards Audit Unit
holding Lifers. Governors / Directors of Local
For Information On authority of
Governing Governors / Directors of all Prisons Prison Service Management Board,
holding Lifers. Governors / Directors of Local
Ian Truffet / Nick Newton, Lifer Unit,
Sentence Management Group,
Room 122 Abell House,
Tel: 020 7217 5712 / 2084.
Other Processes Affected
REVISED LIFE SENTENCE PLAN
POLICY AND OUTPUT
1. This Instruction amends Chapter 8 of PSO 4700(the Lifer Manual) and
revises F2181(the Life Sentence Plan-LSP), now to be titled F2181R
2. The attached chapter explains the purpose and function of the revised
LSP which must be fully operational from 1 January 2002 for all lifers in
custody, including potential, newly convicted and recalled lifers in Local
3. The revision of the LSP has been designed to address the specific
recommendations of the Joint Thematic Review of Lifers (JTR) conducted
by the Chief Inspectors of Prisons and Probation; and to meet the
concerns of Ministers, the Parole Board, the Probation Service, Lifer Unit,
staff in establishments and lifers themselves.
4. The revised LSP provides:
a new framework for sentence planning for lifers, including the
opening of the LSP in Local Prisons and the incorporation of the
current F75 reporting system.
a single sentence planning framework that integrates the
contributions of different staff into the decision making process
about risk, re-categorisation and transfer.
a continuous and seamless sentence plan for each lifer from the
Local Prison stage throughout custody to release into the
5. Copies of the LSP, together with comprehensive guidance notes, will reach
establishments by 31 July 01.
6. The LSP must be implemented as follows:
June 2001 Printing of revised LSP forms
commences at HMP Blundeston
11 June -14 June 2001 First new 4-day lifer course at HMP
02 July - 31 December 2001 Training for Local Prisons and update
training for existing lifer staff
31 July 2001 Governors receive PSI and initial stock
of revised LSP forms
31 July 2001 Commencement of transition to revised
LSP (see Appendix A)
01 January 2002 Revised LSP fully operational
7. The revised LSP must be implemented by 1 January 2002
8. All lifers must have a Life Sentence Plan.
9. Appropriate sections of the new LSP must be completed for potential,
newly convicted and recalled lifers in Local Prisons/Remand Centres.
10. Governors and Directors of contracted out establishments must ensure
that all locally held copies of the Lifer Manual are properly amended by
inserting the attached revised Chapter 8 and that all staff who work with
lifers are given access to the Manual.
11. Governors and Directors of contracted out Local Prisons/Remand Centres
and lifer establishments must ensure that a Lifer Manager has been
appointed and trained by 31 December 2001.
RESOURCE AND IMPACT IMPLICATIONS
12. The completion of LSP sections 0,1 and 5 represents some additional
work in Local Prisons. SR2000 funds have been allocated through Area
Managers to cover the cost of training for, and implementation of, this new
13. The completion of the remainder of the revised LSP forms in lifer
establishments directly replaces existing work and does not therefore
require additional resources.
14. Funds have been allocated through Area Managers to cover the cost of
update training for existing lifer staff to enable them to complete the
15. The 4-day Lifer course has been redesigned to train new lifer staff on the
revised LSP. The first modified course will be piloted between 11 June
and 14 June 01.
ADVICE AND INFORMATION
16. Staff in Lifer Unit will be available throughout the implementation process
to give advice and guidance to all lifer establishments and to Local
17. Primary contacts for advice and guidance:
Ian Truffet Ext. 5712 Nick Newton Ext. 2084
Director of Resettlement
TRANSITION FROM CURRENT LSP TO REVISED LSP
1. NEW LIFERS
1.1 All lifers entering custody after 1 January 2002 must be subject to the
revised LSP commencing at the Local prison stage.
2 CURRENT LIFERS
2.1 Lifer establishments will not be required to transfer current lifers who have
a completed F2181 LSP over to the revised LSP.
2.2 However, current lifers who do not have a completed F2181 LSP by 1
January 2002 must be subject to the revised LSP from that date.
2.3 Those lifers for whom a F2181 LSP has already been opened must be
transferred to the revised LSP at the point when they reach their next
annual Review and Sentence Planning Board.
2.4 At this point lifer establishments must complete an LSP 2F Sentence
Planning Objectives form and an LSP 3B Sentence Planning and Review
Board Report from the revised LSP. These set out respectively what
offending behaviour work remains to be done, and what targets have been
set for the next and subsequent review periods.
2.5 All current lifers must have been transferred to the revised LSP by 31
3. PAROLE BOARD REVIEWS
3.1 Reports for Parole Board reviews that are due to commence before 1
January 2002 must be completed in the current F75 format.
3.2 Reports for Parole Board reviews due to commence after that date, and
for all subsequent reviews, must be completed by using the LSP 3E
Progress Report form in the revised LSP.
4. PRE-SCHEDULED INTERIM F75 REVIEWS
4.1 The current arrangement that requires interim F75 reports at three yearly
intervals will be discontinued under the revised LSP.
4.2 The new system will allow Lifer Unit to call for LSP3E Progress reports
whenever a lifer establishment recommends that significant change or
progress has been made. If no such recommendation is made after a
period of five years has elapsed Lifer Unit will automatically call for an
LSP3E Progress Report.
4.3 In order not to disadvantage lifers who may previously have been
informed of an interim F75 date that falls after 1 January 2002 a one-off
supplementary review will be offered. This single review will only apply to
current lifers. They may then accept or decline the review at the
appropriate time. Lifers may of course decide to accept a supplementary
review even if there have been no positive recommendations from staff in
the intervening annual reviews. Once the supplementary review has been
completed the lifers concerned will be subject to the revised reporting
4.4 If a lifer receives a positive recommendation from Prison staff and a
progress report is called for by Lifer Unit prior to the pre-scheduled date,
the offer of a supplementary review will be withdrawn.
4.5 In both the above cases the date of the review will be the basis for the
transition to the revised LSP and the five-year backstop will run from that
date. Where a lifer declines a supplementary review the date of the last
interim F75 review will be used to calculate the setting of the five-year
4.6 All supplementary reviews for current lifers must be completed by 31
5. ESTABLISHMENT LEVEL TRANSITION ARRANGEMENTS
5.1 Establishments should begin the transition to the revised LSP immediately
following the completion of up-date training for existing lifer staff and or
initial training for Local prisons.
5.2 Thus, although the revised LSP is scheduled to be fully operational from 1
January 2002, some establishments should be in a position to use the
new system prior to that date.
LIFER MANUAL CHAPTER 8: LIFE SENTENCE PLANS
Life Sentence Plans must be prepared for all life sentence prisoners, including
Category A lifers.
The former LSP F2181 has been replaced by the revised LSP F2181R 
It now provides:
a new structure for sentence planning from running from remand to
an integrated reporting system which replaces the F75.
a single sentence planning framework which integrates the
contributions of different staff in establishments to the decision
making process about risk, decategorisation and transfer.
The purpose of the LSP is to plan, monitor and record the means by which
each lifer is supported in the process of achieving a reduction in risk during
sentence such that he or she may safely be released on licence into the
community at tariff expiry.
The LSP incorporates a clear and detailed documentary record of a lifer’s
index offence, summary of risk factors from various assessment systems
(OASYS, DIA, SRA2000 etc), offending behaviour targets and
achievements, and sentence planning and progress reviews in a prominent
and accessible format to be used as a reference point in all subsequent
It provides the lifer, from an early stage in his or her sentence, with a series
of objectives, which, if met, will assist him or her to reduce risk.
Its separate sections, each of which individually relate to a particular stage
of the sentence, will, when taken together, provide a clear history of events
during the lifer’s passage through custody.
The LSP provides an integrated system of sentence planning reviews and
progress reports. This is designed to ensure that through structured
monitoring and assessment of progress, lifers’ sentence planning
achievements are linked to the offending behaviour targets clearly
identified from the Offence Analysis and Risk Factor Summary sections.
The LSP demands a proactive approach to lifer sentence management
from staff, and enables them, by means of the reporting system, to
recognise and record significant changes and achievements observed.
It provides Ministers and the Parole Board with detailed and chronological
information about the lifer’s progress through sentence, especially where
the reduction of risk is concerned.
The LSP comprises the following sections:
LSP 0 Opened in Local Prisons and Remand Centres
Function: the identification of potential life sentence prisoner. Must be
used to record basic information on potential lifers on remand about
possible sentence, support measures tailored to individual circumstances,
and details of contact between staff and prisoners on lifer related issues.
LSP 0 Identification of potential life sentence prisoner
LSP 1 Opened in Local Prisons and Remand Centres
Function: to record core information on newly convicted lifers about the
prisoner, his/her offence, details of post conviction assessment and
recommendations for allocation to first Stage Prison.
LSP 1A Post conviction immediate needs assessment
LSP 1B Initial allocation to First Stage Prison
LSP 1C Post conviction induction report
LSP 1D Local Prison Lifer profile
LSP 1E Multi-Agency Lifer Risk Assessment Panel report
LSP 1F Pre-transfer report to First Stage Prison
LSP 2 Opened at First Stage Prisons
Function: to initiate a sentence management plan. Must be used by First
Stage Prisons to record a full criminogenic risk assessment together with
OASys and DIA systems. Also used to set out a sentence management
plan incorporating offending behaviour targets, which, if met, will assist the
lifer to reduce risk sufficiently to be released on tariff expiry.
LSP 2A Offence analysis
LSP 2B Risk Factor summary
LSP 2C Psychiatric evaluation
LSP 2D Psychological evaluation
LSP 2E Educational evaluation
LSP 2F Sentence planning objectives
LSP 3 Used in First, Second and Third Stage Prisons
Function: to record annual reviews, achievement of sentence planning
targets, progress and pre-transfer reports.
LSP 3A Record of Sentence Planning and Review Boards and Progress
LSP 3B Sentence Planning and Review Board report
LSP 3C Record of achievements in offence related targets
LSP 3D Record of achievements in non-offence related targets
LSP 3E Progress report
LSP 3F Pre-transfer report
LSP 4 Opened in Second Stage Cat C and Third Stage Prisons
Function: to record progress through escorted absences, ROTL, final pre-
release OB programmes, progress in open conditions and preparation for
LSP 4A Record of escorted absences and ROTL
LSP 4B Escorted absence report
LSP 4C Open conditions progress review
LSP 4D Open conditions failure report
LSP 5 Opened in Local Prisons
Function: to record details of recalled lifers including reasons for recall,
information about the lifer and recommendations for allocation to a lifer
LSP 5A Recalled Lifer immediate needs assessment
LSP 5B Recommended allocation for a recalled Lifer
LSP 5C Post recall induction report
LSP 5D Local Prison recalled Lifer profile
LSP 5E Recalled Lifer transfer report
Life Sentence Plans must be prepared for all life sentence prisoners,
including Category A lifers.
Detailed guidance for the completion of each of the LSP forms is contained
within the LSP folder.
The LSP must only be completed by trained staff as follows:
LSP0, LSP 1 and LSP 5 must only be completed by staff who have
undertaken the one-day lifer course specifically for Local
prisons/Remand Centres, or who have attended the revised 4-day
LSP2A, 2B and 2F must only be completed by staff who have
undertaken the previous 4-day Lifer course and update training or
the revised 4-day Lifer course; or by Probation Officers or
Psychologists who have undertaken specific risk assessment
LSP3B Personal Officer’s report must only be completed by
Personal Officers who have attended the previous 4-day Lifer
course and update training or the revised 4-day Lifer course.
LSP3E Lifer Manager/Wing Unit Manager/ and Personal Officer’s
reports must only be completed by staff who have attended the
previous 4-day Lifer course and update training or the revised 4-
day Lifer course.
Administration staff must have completed the Lifer Clerks course.
Whenever practicable, establishments must have a Lifer Team consisting of
multi-disciplinary staff who have received the appropriate training.
Principle One of the Prison Service Vision is to deal fairly, openly and
humanely with prisoners and all others who come into contact with us. In
keeping with that principle, the LSP has been designed to allow as much of its
contents as possible to be disclosable. The only exceptions are as follows:
sections quoting specific evidence from the Confidential Summary
those containing information covered by the Victim’s Charter
medical information that Healthcare staff have decided should not
be disclosed to the lifer
security sensitive information
any LSP section containing a diagonal red stripe (if an original
form) or a black stripe (if a photocopy)
8.6 Lifer involvement
It is essential that lifers are directly involved in their own sentence planning.
They should be required to attend at least part of all sentence planning and
annual review boards and they must be given a clear indication of how
progress to date has been measured and what further sentence planning
targets need to be met. Form LSP 3E has been specifically designed to
enable lifers to engage in the reporting process by giving them an opportunity
to comment on what has been written about them. They can also offer a
personal opinion on the progress they have made and on what has yet to be
8.7 Multi Agency Lifer Risk Assessment Panels (MALRAPs)
The period following conviction and sentence is the first opportunity to carry
out an assessment of the lifer’s risk and likelihood of reoffending. It is also a
time when the case is still fresh in the memory of investigating police officers
and when information relating to the case has not been filed away or
disposed of. It is vital that this information is appraised, collated and
documented at this early stage.
Lifer Managers in Local Prisons, in liaison with Probation Officers and the
Police, must convene MALRAPs on newly sentenced lifers.
This is an opportunity for representatives of the various Criminal Justice
agencies to share and exchange information about the lifer and his/her
offence, and to identify areas of concern.
For further details of MALRAPs see the Local Prisons and Probation
Lifer Managers are accountable for ensuring that the LSP is used correctly
and for the quality control of all lifer related reports and contributions.
The LSP is subject to monitoring by the Standards Audit Unit.