Contextualized Learning A plan for teaching content through relevant materials that will keep learners coming back for more! Why do adults want to learn? Access Voice Independent Action Bridge to the Future Components of the Reading Process Phonemic Awareness- sounds Phonics – letter/sound relationship Fluency – pace and intonation Vocabulary – independent and contextual Comprehension- literal and inferential Contextualized Learning “relating instructional content to the specific contexts of learners’ lives and interests increases motivation to learn” (Dirkx and Prenger, 1997) Contextualized Learning An instructional strategy that: Actively involves the learner in the learning process Combines content and context Uses authentic materials Contextualized Learning Learners learn more effectively when they: search for meaning in their own learning process use various types of real-life resources to gather information integrate new knowledge/skills into already existing knowledge combine content and context learn to problem solve common situations in a new way Characteristics of Contextualized Learning CL is application oriented. CL is learner centered. CL is time flexible. CL goals and purpose are explicit from the beginning of instruction. Five Principles of a contextualized lesson Purpose directs the lesson. Real life problems take precedence over subject- matter isolation. Learners gain understanding through problem solving. Academic and life concerns are integrated into an applied learning process. Competence is the constant. Four A’s of Contextual Learning Learning for Acquisition of Knowledge Learning for Application Learning for Assimilation Learning for Association Benefits of Contextualized Instruction to the Learner The purpose of the Learners solve problems. learning is explicit. (Learner uses skills that can be used outside lesson.) (Why & how are discussed.) Learners control their Learners share previous learning process by their knowledge. rate of participation. (Learner is actively learning.) (Learner is responsible for Learners discuss how learning.) they apply information Transference of to their roles as parent, knowledge is explicit worker and community and immediately recognizable. member. (Learner maximizes use of (Learning impacts real life.) knowledge.) Benefits of Contextualized Learning to the Instructor Knowledge retention Learning is a team increases. effort between the Student motivation tutor and learner, increases. encouraging student Tutor guides the persistence. learning process. Learning is the learner’s responsibility. Bloom’s Taxonomy Thinking Skills Evaluation Synthesis Analysis Application Understanding Knowledge Contextualized Learning/Active Learning Process Explicit Purpose and Goals – Learner and Tutor Clear explanation of instruction – Tutor Explicit skills and knowledge Discussion of metacognitive skills Discussion of skills application – Learner and Tutor Evaluation of how to apply new learning in other situations – Learner and Tutor Contextualized Learning Materials Target learner needs Locate materials Transportation regarding learner needs: Housing Maps, bus schedules Food Receipts, coupons, ads Shopping Report cards, letters from teacher and school Child’s education Memos, pay stubs, benefits Job information Representatives, Community newspapers, community Personal resources Bible, books, health Other information, phone books TV, radio schedules Cookbooks, menus, recipes Contextualized Learning Techniques Language Experience Approach Communication Logs Cartoon Blurbs Environmental Print Books Model good reading practices Information Reading Technique Assisted Reading Technique Steps of Contextualized Learning Determine learner’s needs or begin with tasks that address learner’s immediate needs (make learning relevant) Determine which skills you need to teach will assist with this need (achieve program outcomes) Check on what the learner already knows and use that knowledge to support the new skills (Back into skills, knowledge and strategies) Plan for progress Discuss knowledge, skills, and processes used in the learning process (link learning with individual learning style) Discuss applications and transfer of skills (“tie” learning to real life) Provide feedback on progress and ability to use knowledge and skills (acknowledge success and plateaus) Reiterate knowledge and skills in subsequent tasks (skills can be used again and again) Evidence of Contextualized Learning Tutor can explain strategy (how and what) Use of authentic materials (your program is a leader in this aspect) Staff training on use of contextualized learning (that’s done!) Contextualized Learning is a win/win situation for the learner and the tutor.
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