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									The 2010 Indonesia Population Census




          Dr. Wendy Hartanto
         BPS-Statistics Indonesia
              wendy@bps.go.id
                Indonesia
Indonesia consists of:
   33 Provinces
   497 Districts/Municipalities
   6,651Sub-districts
   77,126 Villages
   300 Ethnic groups
   250 Languages
   13,700 Islands

                                  2
MAP OF INDONESIA




                   3
        Censuses in Indonesia

• Two censuses during the Dutch
  Administration: in 1920 &1930.
• Five censuses after the independence (1945):
  in 1961, 1971, 1980, 1990 and 2000.
• The 2010 census is the sixth census.



                                            4
2010 Population Census Legal Basis

Law No.16/1997
The Statistical Act
Government regulation No.51/1999
On the implementation of statistical
 operation
Other Ministerial Decrees
 Issued by other Ministries to support the
 2010 Census activities
                                             5
The 2010 Population Census was designed
       to be used as the basis for
1. Updating the population data bases down to the
   lowest administrative level (village);
2. Monitoring progress in achieving the Millennium
   Development Goals (MDG);
3. Preparing small-area statistics;
4. Preparing population projections; and
5. Developing sampling frames for various surveys
   conducted between 2010-2020


                                                 6
   The 2010 Population Census
         Questionnaires
Three kinds of questionnaires were used to enumerate
the population in the 2010 PC:
C1 – 42 questions, used for people living in
      households in areas covered by the census
      mapping;
C2 – 14 questions, used for people living in areas which
      were not included in the mapping, such as remote/
      isolated areas, Indonesian diplomats living abroad,
      etc.; and
 L2 – 2 questions (number and sex), used for the
       homeless, people living on boats, crews of
       Indonesian ships, and isolated tribal population.

                                                            7
      Items Collected in
 the Census Using Form C1
Basic demographic characteristics: sex, age,
relationship to head of household, marital status;
Fertility: number of children ever born and still
living;
Mortality: including child, adult and maternal
mortality;
Migration (district level): place of birth, current
residence, place of residence 5 years ago;
Education: school attendance, educational
attainment, literacy;
                                                 8
         Items Collected in
    the Census Using Form C1
Socio-cultural: religion, ethnic group, citizenship,
ability to speak Indonesian, daily language used at
home;
Disability (ICF recommendation);
Economic activity during previous week: main
industry, employment status;
Housing: housing ownership, floor area and type,
sources of drinking water, fuel for cooking, lighting,
toilet facilities; and
Usage of ICT.
                                                  9
    Data Collection Approach
Face-to-face interviews

Self enumeration
   Using paper questionnaires
   E-census




                                 10
Field Organization in Each Sub-district
           for the 2010 PC
                Sub-district Coordinator




                  Field Coordinators




                  Team Coordinators




Interviewer-1        Interviewer-2         Interviewer-3




                                                           11
   The 2010 PC was a “massive”
         Field operations
                  1                                  2


          Field workers                            Training

    Number of Field Workes                Number of Training Classes
        Employed                                 Organized

392,655   Enumerators                      6 classes for Master Trainers
130,885   Team Coordinators.             665 classes for Regional Trainers
 15,773   Field Coordinators.         21,597 classes for Enumerators/Team
  1,600   Quality Assurance                              Coordinators.
           workers (Students of the       64 classes for Quality Assurance
           Statistical Institute)                        Workers


                                                                    12
 Monitoring and Quick Count Reporting
• All mobile phone numbers of Field Coordinators,
  Sub-district Coordinators, and District Coordinators
  must be recorded.
• After completing the listing of each CB, Field
  Coordinators sent messages (sms/text) through
  mobile phones to the BPS server.
• Message: ID of CB, No. of HHs, Males, Females, Total
• BPS disseminated all information on Website
• Comparisons made between no. of HH in the
  mapping and census listing
• District coordinators sent all completed listings
  through email from BPS District Offices everyday
                                                         13
             Data Processing
Decentralized data capture in 33 Provincial Data
Processing Centres (DPC),
   51 ICR Scanners, 37 Guillotines, 34 ervers, and
    2100 PCs were used
   Data capture software used: Kofax
   5 variables cleaned in Provincial DPCs
Centralized data editing, validation and
imputation in BPS central office for all other
variables, using CSPro and in-house
prepared programs.

                                                      14
Planned Activities in 2011
• Data cleaning: January–July 2011
• Dissemination of the final results:
  Mid-August 2011
• Data analysis and publication:
  Jan – Dec 2011
• Population Projections for 2010 - 2035




                   15
Use of Census for Program Targeting
The 2010 PC will be able to provide, at the
village level, the number of:
   Disabled persons,
   School-age children who are not currently
   attending school;
   Illiterate population;
   Unemployed labor force;
   Deaths in the last 1.5 years; and
  Households living in low-quality dwelling.

                                               16
Use of Census for Program Targeting

A combination of the 2010 PC data and
the consumption/expenditure data from
the National Socio-Economic Survey
(Susenas) can be used to produce a
reliable Poverty Map.
.




                                        17
Use of Census for Program Targeting

Development Program Targets include:
 Poverty alleviation
 Food security
 Educational assistance
 Healthcare subsidies
 Conditional cash assistance
 Nutritional intervention


                                       18
Major Utilizations of the Census Data

• To provide data for development policy,
  planning and programs down to the lower
  administrative levels.
• To estimate basic demographic parameters.
• To update population projections and sampling
  frame(s) for the coming surveys.
• To provide framework for population-based
  targeting of both sectoral and regional
  development programs.
• To evaluate the achievement of MDGs at both
  regional (down to district level) and national
  levels.
                                                   19
Population of Indonesia based on
    the Census, May 2010
          (preliminary figures)


  Male        Female       Male + Female
  (000)        (000)           (000)


119,508      118,048         237,556


                                           20
                     Population Trend
300,000,000

                                                                         237.6 ml
250,000,000
                                                              205.1 ml
200,000,000
                                                      179.4 ml
                                                147.5 ml
150,000,000
                                        119.2 ml
                                   97.1 ml
100,000,000
              60.7 ml
 50,000,000


         0
              1930   1940   1950     1961    1971   1980   1990   2000    2010
           Trend of Population Growth
                                      (% per year)

                                         2.37
2.50
           2.15           2.13
                                                      1.98
2.00

                                                                                   1.49
                                                                   1.40 *)
1.50



1.00



0.50



0.00
       1930-1961     1961-1971     1971-1980      1980-1990     1990-2000     2000-2010

*) Population Growth 1990-2000 included East Timor Population in 1990, Population Growth
Without East Timor Population in 1990 = 1,45%
              Trend of Sex Ratio
102
                                            101.2
101                                 100.6
                    100.0   100.2
100
 99
             98.0
 98
 97
 96
      95.0
 95
 94
      1961   1971   1980    1990    2000    2010




                                               23
       Trend of Population Distribution by Island
100%


90%
                                                         Others
                                                         Lainnya
80%


70%
                                                         Sulawesi
60%


50%     69%    65%    64%    62%    60%    60%    57%    Kalimantan
40%


30%                                                      Java &
                                                         Jawa &
20%                                                      Madura
                      18%    19%    20%    20%    21%
10%
        14%    16%                                       Sumatera
 0%

        1930   1961   1971   1980   1990   2000   2010

                Population concentrated in Java Island
                                                                      24
      Distribution of Population Based on Residence
             Segment                      M           F          M+F
 Permanent Residents in                 (000)       (000)       (000)

     Regular Census Blocks             119,020      117,776     236,796
     Institutional Census Blocks*          453         261          714
 Residents Outside Census Blocks
     Homeless                                13             6           19
     Boat People                             17             0           17
     Tribal population                          5           5           10
  Total Indonesia                        119,508 118,048       237,556
* Dormitories, Military Barracks, Diplomats, Religious Student
  Dormitories, Orphanages, Employee Barracks, Prisons, Mental
  Hospitals, etc.                                                 25
      Population, Sex Ratio and Growth Rate by Province
                     (Preliminary results)
                      M          F       M+F        Sex    GR (%)
Code Province
                   (million) (million) (million)   Ratio 2000-2010
 11   NAD            2.24      2.24       4.48     100.0    1.35
 12   SUMUT          6.48      6.50      12.98      99.6    1.11
 13   SUMBAR         2.40      2.44       4.84      98.5    1.34
 14   RIAU           2.85      2.69       5.54     106.2    3.59
 15   JAMBI          1.58      1.51       3.09     104.5    2.55
 16   SUMSEL         3.79      3.66       7.45     103.6    1.85
 17   BENGKULU       0.88      0.84       1.72     104.5    1.66
 18   LAMPUNG        3.91      3.69        7.6     105.8    1.23
 19   KEP. BABEL     0.63      0.59       1.22     107.9    3.14
 21   KEPRI          0.87      0.82       1.69     105.2    4.99


                                                                   26
        Population, Sex Ratio and Growth Rate by Province
                       (Preliminary results)
                        M          F       M+F      Sex    GR (%)
Code    Province
                     (million) (million) (million) Ratio 2000-2010
 31    DKI JAKARTA      4.86     4.73     9.59   102.8     1.39
 32    JABAR           21.88    21.14    43.02   103.5     1.89
 33    JATENG          16.08    16.30    32.38    98.7     0.37
 34    YOGYAKARTA       1.71     1.75     3.46    97.6     1.02
 35    JAWA TIMUR      18.49    18.99    37.48    97.4     0.76
 36    BANTEN           5.44     5.20    10.64   104.6     2.79
 51    BALI             1.96     1.93     3.89   101.6     2.15
 52    NTB              2.18     2.32      4.5    94.1     1.17
 53    NTT              2.32     2.36     4.68    98.6     2.06
 61    KALBAR           2.24     2.15     4.39   104.4     0.91
 62    KALTENG          1.15     1.05      2.2   108.8     1.74
 63    KALSEL           1.84     1.79     3.63   102.4     1.98
 64    KALTIM           1.87     1.68     3.55   111.0     3.80
                                                                  27
      Population, Sex Ratio and Growth Rate by Province
                     (Preliminary results)
                   M          F       M+F                 GR (%)
Code Province                                 Sex Ratio
                (million) (million) (million)           2000-2010
 71  SULUT       1.16      1.11      2.27     104.4      1.26
 72  SULTENG     1.35      1.28      2.63     105.1      1.94
 73  SULSEL      3.92      4.11      8.03      95.4      1.17
 74  SULTRA      1.12      1.11      2.23     100.9      2.07
 75  GORONTALO   0.52      0.52      1.04     100.6      2.24
 76  SULBAR      0.58      0.58      1.16     100.7      2.67
 81  MALUKU      0.77      0.76      1.53     102.1      2.78
 82  MALUT       0.53      0.51      1.04     104.7      2.44
     PAPUA
 91              0.40      0.36      0.76     112.4      3.72
     BARAT
 92 PAPUA        1.51      1.34      2.85     112.6      5.46
   INDONESIA   119.51    118.05    237.56     101.2      1.49
                                                             28
      Grand Design Analysis
Objectives:
 To develop a well thought-out plan for the
 analysis, dissemination and publication of
 the census results.
 To guide and monitor the analysis process
 To avoid over-designing what is by nature
 an open and flexible process.
 To ensure the timely release of data
 needed by all stakeholders.
                                          29
      Grand Design Analysis
Actions taken by BPS:
 Organized a group of population experts to
 advise on the various components of plans of
 processing, analysis, dissemination and data
 utilization of the 2010 PC
 Held workshops to brief stakeholders on the
 importance of the census in order to assist in
 the creation of positive public attitudes across
 the country.

                                                30
      Grand Design Analysis
Actions taken by BPS:
 Convened small groups of specialists to
 consider the likely problems and issues
 surrounding the analysis of the questions on
 ethnicity, language spoken at home, and work in
 economic sectors.
 Accepted advice from the group on valid ways of
 grouping the answers for both language and
 ethnicity and using summary codes to make
 analysis more feasible.
                                               31
           Grand Design Analysis
Identification of Key Professional Organizations:
  The Statistical Community Forum (Forum
  Masyarakat Statistik -- FMS)* (they could be
  invited to participate in public discussions,
  parliamentary reviews and professional critiques
  of the data during the course of dissemination in
  the future);
  Indonesian Institute of Sciences;

* FMS’s memberships includes many high level policy makers, academicians,
researchers, entrepreneurs and government officials.
                                                                        32
       Grand Design Analysis
Identification of Key Professional Organizations:
  The Indonesian Association of Demographic
  Specialists (IPADI):
  The network of Population Studies Centres
  (Pusat Studi Kependudukan) based in
  universities in almost every province (a source of
  trained researchers); and
  Government agencies (may require various
  reports and analyses relevant to their areas of
  responsibility).
                                                  33
       Grand Design Analysis
Priority actions to be taken:
  The documentation of all the forms, manuals,
  procedures and questionnaires used in the census
  to collect the data;
  The publication of these documents on BPS-
  website that can be easily accessed by researchers;
  The encouragement of core groups of research
  advisers to take an active interest in the analysis;
  The assignment of small groups of experts to
  consider and finalize the methods for calculating key
  indices at the household and individual levels.
                                                      34
               Dissemination Plan for
              2010 Population Census
       Product          Date of release     Type       Levels of coverage
                        (approximate)
Indonesian Population   August 2010       Booklet     National and Provincial
Preliminary Figures
Indonesian Population   October 2010      Book         National to District
Preliminary Figures
Indonesian Population   November 2010     Book and     National to Sub-district
Preliminary Figures                       softcopy
Indonesian Population   March 2011        Book and     National to Sub-district
Final Figure                              softcopy
Leaflet Population of   June 2011         Leaflet     National
Indonesia
CensusTAB               June 2011         Excel files National to District
ProfilePOP              June 2011         Webpages National to District
GeoMAP                  June 2011         Website     National to District
                                                                              35
               Dissemination Plan for
              2010 Population Census
       Product          Date of release     Type       Levels of coverage
                        (approximate)
Indonesian Population   June 2010         Book and     National to Provincial
Profile                                   softcopy
Aspects of Indonesian   June 2011         Book and     National
Population                                softcopy
Population Maps         December 2011     Book         National and Provincial
Census e-book           June 2012         Excel files National to district
Leaflet Population of   December 2012     Leaflet      National
Indonesia
Population Metadata     December 2011     Book and
                                          softcopy
Population Dictionary   December 2011     Book and
                                          softcopy
International Seminar   June 2012         Book and CD – edited papers

                                                                                36
  2010 PC Logo and Motto
BE SURE YOU ARE COUNTED




                           37

								
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