Eveline 20and 20TheDead by XZX8QW


									 “Eveline” and “The Dead”
    from James Joyce’s

Presented By
Amanda Kang
Eliza Young
Rebecca Tsai
Tina Hsu
         James Joyce (1882-1941)
                                          James Joyce was born in Dublin,
                                           on February 2, 1882.
                                          Early age, Joyce regarded himself
                                           as a rebel.
                                          Joyce’s early inspirations from
                                           the works of Henrik Ibsen,
                                           St.Thomas Aquinas and W.B.
                                          In 1904, he fell in love with Nora
                                          Joyce died in Zurich on January
                                           13, 1941.
                              James Joyce’s work
                              • Stephen Hero (written 1904-6:
                                precursor to the Portrait,
                                published 1944)
                              • Chamber Music (1907 poems)
                              • Dubliners (1914)
                              • Exiles (1915 play)
                              • A Portrait of the Artist as a
                                Young Man (1916)
                              • Ulysses (1922)
                              • Pomes Penyeach (1927

http://www.online-            • Finnegans Wake (1939)
Dubliners                 Joyce’s intention: the moral history of
                           his country.
                          Dublin: center of paralysis
                          Themes: death, disease and paralysis.
                          James Joyce tried to describe paralysis
                           of indifferent public in the four aspects:
                          1. childhood: The Sisters, An Encounter
                             and Araby.
                          2. adolescence: Eveline, After the Race,
                             Two Gallants and The Boarding House.
                            3. maturity: A Little Cloud, Counterparts,
                             Clay and A Painful Case.
http://www.jamesjoyc        4. public life: Ivy Day in the Committee
e.ie/templates/text_c        Room, A Mother and Grace
                            5. The Dead
      James Joyce 1904           Nora Barnacle
                                                                              James Joyce

                                                                              A bust of James
                                                                              Joyce in St.
                                                                              Stephen's Green
                                                                              in Dublin ↓

                                           A new statue of James Joyce, an
                                           honorary citizen of Trieste, was
                                           unveiled on Oct 19, 2004.
-- A collection of 15 short

-- The process of a
   person’s growth
- children  the old
- individual  social life
- dream  disappointment,
 Struggle between one’s
  happiness and one’s responsibility
 Spiritual paralysis
 Dream vs. Reality
 Action vs. Inactivity
Character: Eveline
 - sense of duty/ obedient/ paralysis
 “Everything changes. Now she was going
  to go away like the others, to leave her
  home.” (32)
 “Her eyes gave him no sign of love or
  farewell or recognition.” (37)

- Her father -- violent - her fear

- Her mother -- conservative - her duty

-   Frank -- kind, open-hearted
          -- her unknown future
        Symbols in “Eveline”
1. The window
   The Prison of a poor family enclosing
   Eveline. (par. 1)

2. The fading streetlights
   The Hopelessness of her life (par. 1)
           Symbols in “Eveline”
3. The Dust, old house,                / the old or lightless life .
    (par. 3)
4. The mother’s words                 /the Past she cannot get rid
    of; she cannot forget her mother’s poor fate. (P.35 par.2)

5. drunk father, /           the daily pain from her father annoys
    her. (P.33 par.2)

6. brothers and sisters and keeping the
    house / the responsibility she has to bear. (P.33 from
    the bottom, line 3)
       Symbols in “Eveline”
7. The death      of her beloved people: the
  deaths of her mother and her brother Ernest,
  and of a girlhood friend named Tizzie Dunn.
  The Fear-- she is afraid to accept the truth
  because it makes her feel isolated, lonely
  without their accompany. (par. 2)

8. The Death of herself
   “he would drown her,” She's too scared to
  leave Ireland, and thus sees her lover as a
  possible source of danger. (p. 34, the 1st
  new par.)
       Symbols in “Eveline”

9. Sea/
  water as the practical method of escape and
  rejuvenation, for Eveline; also means the
  possibilities of a new life (P.35, the last line).
  But she is afraid to face her unknown fate.

10. Frank/
 The adult world of desire, longing, fulfillment,
  and heartbreak makes her afraid.
             Study Questions
1.   What keeps Eveline from going with
     Frank? Why is she like "a helpless animal" at
     the end?
2.   Why is Eveline attracted to Frank? What does
     she think he will save her from? (Pay attention
     to the images of dust and darkness.) Can he
     really save her?
3.   Try to analyze the father-mother-daughter
     relationships in the story in Freudian terms.
       Themes of “The Dead”
I. The dead living vs. The living dead
  A. Gabriel Conroy VS. Michael Furey(p.2267)
  B. The traditional customs VS. The guests’ negligence

II. Irish (Dubliners’) attitude toward:
  A. Recognition of identity--- Detachment
     Most of Irish people did not recognize themselves as
     Irish but admire the culture of European. In “The
     Dead”, Gabriel represents the typical of Irish
    people.(P.2243 and 2248)
B. Relationships between people--- Insincerity

  a. Speaking words without genuineness (Pp. 2250,
     2257, 2243)

  b. Being careless on others’ talking (Pp. 2244, 2249)

  * Those evidences show that even though the
     guests participate the party, they usually only
     care about their own affairs. People often don’t
     listen to other’s talking carefully. Sometimes,
     they will interrupt other’s talking or turn to
     precede other activity when people haven’t
     finished their words yet.
III. Gabriel’s epiphany (self-awareness)
   A. Understanding of death

       a. Physical death

       b. Death of his egotism

  B. Knowing his relationship with Gretta
    Characters of “The Dead”

- Lily- a careful housemaid
- Aunt Kate/ Aunt Julia- mistresses of
  the party and Gabriel’s aunts.
- Mary Jane- also a mistress of the family
  and lives with her aunts.
    Characters of “The Dead”
- Gretta- Gabriel’s wife/ loved countryside.
- Miss Ivors- “was a frank-mannered talkative
  young lady, …” (P. 2247)
- Bartell D’Arcy- a tenor/ a key person of the
- Mr. Browne- a guest/ show off/ doesn’t want
  to be ignored. (P. 2245)
- Michael Furey- Gretta’s first lover and died
  when he was only seventeen. (P. 2266)
    Characters of “The Dead”
- Gabriel Conroy was an egotist at the
  beginning of the story.

- After some serious assaults, Gabriel has
  an illumination about himself, his life and
  the relations with others. An epiphany is
  then achieved.
1. Lily’s bitter manner. (P2241)
2. Miss Ivors thought he was a “ West Briton!”
3. Gretta was thinking of her dead first lover. He
  just realized that she didn’t put him at the
  center of her universe and he felt hurt.
 After these unexpected assaults, he finally has a
  “realization” and knows that he has no power to
  expect others’ actions or thoughts.
       Symbols of “The Dead”
 Lily
 1) The funereal flower:
      Dead heart ←→ Living body

   2) The Purity, White:          (Archangel Gabriel)

      pure as an angel ←→ Morally impure, evil idea

   3) During Easter lily blooms:
      Rebirth of soul ←→Corruption of soul
        Symbols of “The Dead”
 Theimagery of “The Dead” are the
 operations of a series of symbolic
 antitheses as follows:
              living ←→ dead
            east ←→ west
             inside ←→ outside
             light ←→ darkness
             warmth ←→ cold
            present ←→ past
              speech ←→ music
          Symbols of “The Dead”
The Snow
1. Gabriel’s fear of nature, his artificiality, and
  his un-Irish attitudes (P. 2243 in the middle)
2. The snow / an upcoming change in
  Gabriel, a desire to get away from being dead in
  life. (P.2250 par. 1)

3. The falling snow / heaven or death
  people will achieve in the end of life. “… the snow falling
  faintly through the universe and faintly falling like the
  descent of their last end, upon all the living and the
  dead." (P.2268 the last par.)
       Symbols of “The Dead”
   Correlation between the nature motifs &
    death symbolism

(special style)
   Snow, wind, or cold air play a significant role
    as a symbolic device relating to death.
                       Works Cited
   Commentary James Joyce’s "The Dead" 29 Oct. 2005

    Dubliners Summary and Analysis at Owleyes. 29 Oct 2005

 Dubliners by James Joyce. 29 Oct. 2005

   FJU English Department Literary Criticism Databank. 29 Oct 2005
   Gray, Wallace. Notes for James Joyce's "The Dead”. 29 Oct. 2005
                       Works Cited
   Guide for "The Dead" (1914) by James Joyce (1882-1941). 28 Oct.
    2005 <http://www.lingo.ntnu.no/englitt/GDe.htm>

   James Joyce. The Modern Word. 29 Oct 2005

   Joyce, James. “The Dead.” Abrams, M. A. The Norton Anthology of
    English Literature. 7th ed. Vol. 2. New York: Norton, 2000. 2240-
   Lucking, David. Distant Music Symbolic Polarization in Joyce’s “The
    Dead”. 2001. 29 Oct. 2005

 Mello, Patrick. Death Symbolism in James Joyce's "The
  Dead“ 2004. 29Oct. 2005

To top