Bluetooth2 by m26oZU



 Architecture and Applications

Chris Greco, Wesley Kunzler, Koy Rehme,
              Zhuo Ruan
Bluetooth Stack
  Bluetooth Radio (Link Layer)
• 2.4 GHz
• 79 channels
  – 1 MHz spacing
  – 23 channels in some
• Gaussian Frequency
  Shift Keying
• RSSI (Receiver
  Signal Strength
   Baseband (Physical Layer)
• Pseudorandom hopping sequence
• Synchronous Connection-Oriented (SCO)
  – Audio
• Asynchronous Connection-Less (ACL)
  – Data
• Error Correction
  – 1/3 rate FEC
  – 2/3 rate FEC
  – ARQ scheme
    Baseband (Physical Layer)
• Connection Modes: Active, Sniff, Hold, Park
• Device Addressing
  – Bluetooth Device Address (48 bits)
  – Active Member Address (3 bits)
  – Parked Member Address (8 bits)
  – Access Request Address
• Synchronization requires:
  – Channel hopping sequence
  – Phase
  – Channel Access Code
    Link Manager Protocol (LMP)
•   Manages connections and pairings
•   Authentication
•   Pairing
•   Key change
•   Encryption
•   Detaching
•   Power Control
•   … and much more!
Host Controller Interface (HCI)
    Host Controller Interface (HCI)
•   Hardware Status and Registers
•   Bluetooth-specific commands
•   Flow Control
•   Error Recovery
•   Transport Layers (RS-232, UART, USB)
         Logical Link Control and
       Application Protocol (L2CAP)
•   Designed only for ACL links (i.e. no Audio)
•   Segmentation and Reassembly
•   Quality of Service
•   Piconet operation
• Emulates RS-232 over L2CAP protocol
• Accommodates types 1 and 2 devices
• Supports up to 60 emulated serial ports
• Does not suffer from low-power mode
  latency delays
• Serial-Bluetooth adapters available
    – Easily convert to wireless
• Allows for internet-type services
 Service Discovery Protocol (SDP)
• Determine which services are available
  and their characteristics (services)
  – Universally Unique Identifiers (UUIDs)
  – Searching for services
  – Browsing for services
• List of capabilities sent during pairing
• Baby monitor
• Wristwatch communicator – 007 style
• Serial port extender
• PDA Chat
• Audio extender (speaker in other room)
• Indoor/outdoor thermometer / home weather
• Palatometer
                      Socket Corp.
(a)                             (b)

Socket’s CF Ruggedized Serial I/O Card with high-speed serial drivers

Accessory hardware including power adapter, null modem adapter
Software tools including Socket’s Bluetooth 1.1 Certified Stack for
Windows CE devices

NOTE: Socket’s Bluetooth Stack Dev Tools allow developers to write
applications that are Bluetooth aware. These Tools provide built-in
screens for doing device discovery and pairing.

       BlueGiga WT11 BT Module
• Bluetooth® Class 1
• Two antenna options: internal chip antenna or U.FL
• Up to 2-3Mbps
• USB version 2.0 compliant
• UART with bypass mode
• 8Mb of flash memory
• RoHS compliant
• Control with ASCII commands, or GPIO, or UART
                              Serial or USB interface
Expected shipping date: 01/26/07
       Bluepacket 2037 Module
•   Arm7 processor
•   Class 1
•   Firmware embedded
•   Integrated MP3 decode

• No answer when called
                  READY Intl Corp.
(a)                             (b)

                                 Toothpic DARC-I:
                                 (Remotely Configurable Data
                                 Acquisition and Remote Control
BTEVAL:                          Module)
(Bluetooth evaluation board)     Tooth PIC module, Serial data I/O
Build-in RS232, TTL converter    PWM-digital/parallel output control
ICD2 programming socket          Analog/digital/parallel input control
24C256 Memory                    Capture of frames of input data up to
                                 5K samples / sec
Price: $179
                                 Price: $64.70
                     READY Intl Corp.

Toothpick DARC-II (Data Acquire& Remote Control with User Interface Server)
Developer interface tools
1. Bluetooth application development
2. On-line analyzer for running remote devices
3. Price: $474
    Make Bluetooth Work for You: Build a
          Sample Chat Application

•   Visual Studio .NET 2003 Final Beta
•   Two Pocket PCs with Bluetooth
•   Microsoft ActiveSync 3.6
•   Prices: $400~500
  Rabbit Semiconductor BT Kit

• Comes with 30 MHz
• Serial UART control
  – up to 115kbps
• Complete with
  sample applications
  and source code
• $340
Avnet DS-KIT-P160-COMM3
          • Xilinx FPGA on board

          • Flash, SRAM, ADC,
            DAC, Ethernet

          • “Easy to use Bluetooth
  $225      module” (921 kbps
            UART interface)

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