Population Distribution Over 65 Years of Age by patrickoquinn

VIEWS: 8 PAGES: 17

									Structural Barriers to
 Disaster Resilience:

         Age

       Session 13
 Session Objectives

  Describe demographic distribution of age in
     the U.S.
  Analyze the relationship between social
     institutions and age
  Identify how vulnerability to disaster and
     post-disaster recovery vary over life course
  Discuss capacity of the very young and very
     old in disaster

Session 13                                          2
Population Distribution of
Elderly in the U.S. - 2000


           13%                                                                                     20%
                                                             65 Yrs and Younger
                                                             Over 65 Yrs


                    87%                                                                                        80%



              2000                                                                                     2030
                                                                                                        Projected
Source: Administration on Aging. 2001. Available online at http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/aoa/STATS/aging21/default.htm


Session 13                                                                                                           3
  Projected Increase of People
  Over 85 Yrs. of Age in U.S.


     Time Period                                                                                   Increase
     1995-2010                                                                                           56%
     2010-2030                                                                                           50%
     2030-2050                                                                                        116%

     Source: Administration on Aging. 2001. Available online at http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/aoa/STATS/aging21/default.htm




Session 13                                                                                                              4
  Percent of Elderly Living in
  Nursing Homes in U.S. - 2000


    Age                                                                                           Percent
    64-74 Yrs.                                                                                        1.1%
    75-84 Yrs.                                                                                        4.5%
    85+ Yrs.                                                                                      19.0%

  Source: Administration on Aging. 2001. Available online at http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/aoa/STATS/aging21/default.htm




Session 13                                                                                                           5
Population Distribution of
Children in the U.S.


          42%
                                                                18 Years and Older
                                                                                              44%      56%
                              58%                               Under 18 Years




               2000                                                                            2030
                                                                                                Projected
Source: Children’s Defense Fund. 2001. Available online at: http://www.childrensdefense.org



Session 13                                                                                                   6
   Poverty Rate by Age of
   Elderly in the U.S. - 2000


    Age                                                                           Poverty Rate
    65-74 Yrs.                                                                                       9%
    75-84 Yrs.                                                                                    12%
    85+ Yrs.                                                                                      14%


    Source: Administration on Aging. 2001. Available online at http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/aoa/STATS/aging21/default.htm


Session 13                                                                                                             7
Poverty Rate of Elderly by
Marital Status - 2000

                  5%
                                                                                                     17%
                                                             Not in Poverty
                                                             In Poverty


                    95%                                                                                            83%


     Married Couples                                                                                 Unmarried

Source: Administration on Aging. 2001. Available online at http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/aoa/STATS/aging21/default.htm




Session 13                                                                                                               8
Source of Income for Elderly by
Income Distribution - 2000


                 8%
        10%                                                                                                              20%

                                                              Social Security
                                                                                                    50%                           10%
                                                              Public Assistance

                       82%                                    Pensions
                                                              Earnings/Assets
                                                                                                                         20%


         Bottom 20% of                                                                                  Top 20% of
       Income Distribution                                                                          Income Distribution


Source: Federal Forum on Age-Related Statistics. 2000. Older Americans 2000: Key Indicators of Well-Being. Available online at:
http://www.agingstats.gov/chartbook2000/OlderAmericans2000.pdf


Session 13                                                                                                                              9
   Status of U.S. Compared to
   Other Countries - 2000

   11th in proportion of children living in poverty
   16th in living standards among the poorest 20% of
      children
   16th in efforts to lift children out of poverty
   18th in the gap between rich and poor children
   32nd in infant mortality rates

  Source: Children’s Defense Fund. 2001. Available online at: http://www.childrensdefense.org




Session 13                                                                                      10
  Population Distribution of
  Elderly by Sex - 2000
                                77%




                      43%                              45%
                                                                                        41%



                                                                                                  17%
                                                                 11%



                        Married                         Widow/ed                         Live Alone

                                                     Women           Men

             Source: Administration on Aging. Available online at http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/aoa/STATS/aging21/default.htm


Session 13                                                                                                                11
  Poverty Rates of Elderly by
  Sex - 2000
                            18%




                                          12%
                                                                              11%


                                                                                             7%




                              Over 65 Yrs                                        Widow/ed

                                                     Women           Men

             Source: Administration on Aging. Available online at http://www.aoa.dhhs.gov/aoa/STATS/aging21/default.htm

Session 13                                                                                                                12
   Poverty Rates of Children in
   the U.S. - 2000

                              31%
                                             28%



                                                                                                      Black
                                                                                                      Hispanic
                                                            14%                                       Asian
                                                                           13%
                                                                                                      White




             Source: Children’s Defense Fund. 2001. Available online at: http://www.childrensdefense.org

Session 13                                                                                                       13
  Children Respond and are
  Affected Differently
 Young children often need physical reassurance

 Some young children will re-experience the event periodically

 Some young children experience excessive attachment
    behaviors
 Children often will react to and simulate parents’ or adults’
    behavior and mood
 Young girls die at a higher rate than other children, probably
    because they are with their mothers, who also die at a higher
    rate than males

     Source: Children’s Defense Fund. 2001. Available online at: http://www.childrensdefense.org




Session 13                                                                                         14
 Strategies for Helping
 Children Affected by Disaster
Age           Strategies
Pre-School    Reassure children they are safe through providing extra comfort
              Get a better understanding of their feelings by having children
              draw pictures and discuss their fears
School Age    Don’t give false assurances that a disaster won’t happen again
              Monitor media viewing because images may be frightening to
              children
              Allow them to express themselves through drawing or music or
              play
              Don’t be afraid to say “I don’t know
Adolescents   Encourage them to express their feelings and work out their
              concerns
              Offer support and comfort
                           Source: Children’s Defense Fund. 2001. Available online at: http://www.childrensdefense.org

 Session 13                                                                                                       15
  Key Issues Reported by
  Elderly Victims
   Basic Needs: shelter, fuel, clothing, bedding,
       household items
   Mobility: incapacity, transport
   Health: access to services; appropriate food, water,
       sanitation, psychosocial needs
   Family and Social: separation, dependents,
       changes in social structure, loss of status
   Economic and Legal: income, information,
       documentation
  Source: HelpAge International. 2001. “Older People in Disasters and Humanitarian Disasters: Guidelines for Best Practice.”
  Available online as a .pdf file: http://www.reliefweb.int/library/documents/HelpAge_olderpeople.pdf

Session 13                                                                                                                     16
  Addressing Needs of Elderly
  Victims
   Develop checklists to assess levels of isolation and special
       needs of elderly, and use resource mapping to identify
       appropriate resources
   Pair isolated or limited-mobility elders with others as a
       “buddy” system
   Check records in service facilities to find out if expected
       numbers of elderly have applied for help
   In sheltering situations, try to keep elderly together with
       people they know
   Make service delivery locations as accessible as possible

  Source: HelpAge International. 2001. “Older People in Disasters and Humanitarian Disasters: Guidelines for Best Practice.”
  Available online as a .pdf file: http://www.reliefweb.int/library/documents/HelpAge_olderpeople.pdf

Session 13                                                                                                                     17

								
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