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BOWLES_from_Doris_Thorpe by TA6184X

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"Those who do not treasure the memory of their ancestors do not
deserve to be remembered by posterity." -Edmund Burke

     My interest in the Bowles family stems from the fact that my
maternal grandmother Laura Burgess (Bowles) Bishop was the
daughter of George Bowles and his second wife, Susan Shaw, d/o
Isaiah and Sarah (Lyons) Shaw. George and Susan Bowles resided in
Grafton, Kings County, Nova Scotia, and they are buried in the
churchyard of Saint Andrew's United (previously Presbyterian)
Church, Waterville, Kings County, Nova Scotia, as is his father,
Graham Bowles.
     George's grandparents were Alexander Bols and Elizabeth
Candlish, both of whom died 1820 and are buried in the Chipman
Corner cemetery, which was where a French cemetery had been, (and
where subsequently the Presbyterian church which was torn down in
1874, had been). Next to them is their son William Bowles, who
also died in 1820 (Note: 1829 is date of death as given by Philip
Thorpe, which is probably correct). Alexander Bols was aged 71 at
his death 20 Jan 1820, (CTR says 18 Jan 1820), placing his birth
date ca. 1749. Under his name is the following epitaph:
                        "He lived respected
                         He died lamented"

     The wife of Alexander Bols, Elizabeth Candlish, was 76 when
she died 17 Jan. 1820, (in one place I wrote it as 1829) placing
her birthdate ca. 1744 (or 1753), and like her husband, probably
in Scotland.
     CTR lists the death of Alexander Boles as 18 Jan. 1820.
     The stones of Alexander and Elizabeth Bowles were in poor
repair when I visited the Chipman Corner cemetery in March 1985.
They seemed to be made of sandstone, with a facing that was
crumbling.   They are located about half way up the cemetery
grounds next to Church Street, in front of the stone of Stephen
Chase and the Gesners, and behind Newcombs.
     Many variations of the name have been found in print, but it
seems "Bols" was the original way, or at least this was how
Alexander had signed his own name in an early document in
Cornwallis Township. The other ways I have seen it spelled are:
Boles, Bolls, and Bowls. My grandmother and her parents spelled
it "Bowles", and the gravestone of Alexander's son, William , who
is buried next to Alexander in the old Chipman Corner cemetary, is
spelled "Bowles". Jefferson said "Everyone should have education
enough to to know how to spell his name in more than one way".
Using this criteria, I guess I have more than enough education!

     Alexander Bols' will of 1814 can be found in the municipal
building of Kings County, Kentville. (Probate B-18).    It was
particularly valuable in that it gives the names of both his
children, and the spouses of the female children:

Alexander Bols, yeoman -

1st - to my beloved wife, Elizabeth -25 pounds annually, and use
of West parlour, West bedroom, and such privileges in the cellar
and garret as she may want.

2nd - unto my beloved daughter, Mary, the wife of William Nesbit -
     60 pounds.

3rd.- ....daughter, Margaret, the wife of John Woodworth, - 60

4th - ...daughter, Sarah, the wife of Eliakim Tupper - 60 pounds.

5th - ...daughter, Elizabeth, the widow of the late Elias Tupper
     Junr. - 38 pounds.

6th - ...grandson, Elias Tupper - 7 pounds

and ....beloved sons William, John, and Graham Bols, the latter
appointed as Executors 1814 June 11.
In presence of C.T.Campbell, John I. Campbell, and William C.

Rev William Forsyth, the present minister of the Presbyterian
Church in Cornwallis - 1 pound 10 shillings annually.
1819- Additional 15 pounds each to daughters.
Feb 7, 1820 - statement by Wm Campbell, C.T.Campbell, Thomas
Campbell, Dan Cogswell, James Newcomb -that will was made when A.
Bols was in sensible mind.
     The fact that Alexander Bols willed money to the Presbyterian
minister, Rev. Forsyth, tells us that Alexander Bols stayed with
the Presbyterian faith even though some of his children went
towards other persuasions.
     At one point I toyed with the idea of calling my document
"The Lebanon Connection", as the spouses of the children of
Alexander and Elizabeth Bols/Bowles married into early New England
Planter families who had moved to Nova Scotia about 1760, from
Lebanon Connecticut.    (refer to another document entitled "The
Lebanon Connection". (Many Kings County families could say the
same). This was probably in response to the advertisements placed
in the New England newspapers by the Govenor of Nova Scotia,
offering free land grants to English speaking people who they
considered would be more loyal to the British crown than the
French Acadians, whom they had just (1755) deported from their
lands. (considering what was to transpire but 16 years later in
Massachusetts, one would have to question their judgement!).
Eaton's "History of Kings County" which was first published in
1910 in Salem, MA., says "Of the planters who came to Cornwallis
and   Horton,  by   far   the  larger   number   were  members   of
representative families in the eastern counties of Connecticut. A
few were from Massachusetts and Rhode Island, but the original
homes of most were those beautiful old towns comprised within the
boundaries of the four Connecticut counties, New London and
Windham, Middlesex and Tolland, - the towns of New London,
Lebanon,   Colchester,   Lyme,   Norwich,   Killingworth,   Hebron,
Saybrook, Stonington, Tolland, Windham, and Windsor, the last,
however, lying a little farther west in the county of Hartford.
If any one will take the trouble to examine the histories of New
London and Norwich,... or the now rapidly increasing later towns
and family histories of eastern Connecticut, he will see how
important the families were from whom are descended the people who
have inhabited, and still largely inhabit the county whose annals
this volume is written to preserve". (ie. Kings County, Nova
     "In the North Parish of New London,, now called Montville, in
the noted old town of Lebanon, in Norwich, the beautiful "Rose of
New England", the most influential families in the 18th century
were families, branches of which the later genealogical sketches
in this book will be found to enshrine. From Lebanon, a larger
number migrated than from any other town.      Of this interesting
locality, the author of the Strong Genealogy says with pardonable
enthusiasm: "Lebanon, Connecticut, has a remarkable history.     No
town in the whole country has compared with it in the number of
leading professional men it has furnished to the nation.        The
first settlers who went there from 1695 onwards were of superior
stock, the very best intellectual and religious material for `a
new plantation' that Northhampton, Norwich etc. could furnish.
Another fact is that the land of Lebanon was and is of a very
superior quality, but most of all must be taken into account the
grand school privileges of Lebanon in its early history. In 1700,
the town appropriated 200 acres of land for a school, and many of
the proprietors gave of their own lands also for the same purpose,
Rev Joseph Parsons giving 5 acres of his land. In 1740 a grammar
school was established by a vote of the town and it became a
school of great celebrity, having pupils from 9 of the 13 colonies
which afterwards became the first states of the union, and sending
large numbers of them in successive years to Harvard and Yale".
       Eaton goes on to say: "In a certain rate list in Lebanon for
levying the minister's salary drawn up in 1741, we find the
familiar names, not only of "Deacon John Newcomb", and "Deacon
Eliakim Tupper", but of Robert Avery, Moses Dewey, John English,
Amos and Noah Fuller, Eddy Newcomb, John and Samuel Porter, and
Benjamin Woodworth."... "Through all these southern New England
counties, enthusiastic interest in the proclamation concerning
Nova Scotia seems to have spread"... " Many of the families that
settled in Horton and Cornwallis had intermarried in Connecticut,
and to untangle the relationships that existed among them when
they came to the county (Kings) would be a difficult, though very
interesting task.
  The names of families who came from Lebanon who married into the
Bowles family or descendants include: Woodworth, Tupper, Newcomb,
Webster, Pineo, Barnaby, Porter and Cogswell. The Rockwells came,
from East Windsor, Connecticut. It seems to me unlikely, but not
impossible, that the Bowles family came from Connecticut, as there
is no record of Alexander buying land until 1787, and oral
tradition that they were Scottish, is verified by the 1871 census.
     The Bowles Family by Thomas M. Farquhar, Philadelphia, 1907,
which I saw at the New England Historic Genealogical Society,
which I visited in May 1995, says this of the New England Branch
of the Bowles Family:
"The first recorded bearer of the Bowles name in New England was
William Bowles, who was Clerk of the Council of New England in
1622... the most distinguished line of the name in New England,
both for the clarity of it's descent and the eminence of the men
it has contributed to the nation's greatness is called the
"Roxbury Bowleses".    The founder of the Roxbury line was John
Bowles who came from England in the ship "Hopewell" in 1636...The
Bowles name is doubtless of both Saxon and Norman origin".
     In a book I found at the Kingston Town public library, Rhode
Island, entitled New England Families, compiled by William R.
Cutter (an historian with the above society), published by Lewis
Historical Co., New York, 1915, I found reference to a Bolles
family on page 1420:
"Joseph     Bolles,   the    immigrant,    came   from    Osberton,
Nottinghamshire, England, to Winter Harbour, near the mouth of the
Saco river, in Maine, about 1640, and afterwards settled in Wells,
Maine.     He belonged to one of the few armorial families
represented in New England, of whom it is estimated there are less
than fifty.     In 1665, John Bolles of Clerkenwell, Middlesex,
England, making his will, bequeathed to 'my brother, Joseph
Bolles, living in New England'. The family arms are: Azure out of
three cups or as many boars' heads couped argent.   Joseph married
Mary Howells and had children:
Mary m. Charles Frost
Thomas settled in New London, Connecticutt
Samuel b. 1646 settled in Rochester, MA.
Elizabeth m.     Locke
Joseph m. Mary Call
      Another book I found in the New England H.G.S. was of a
Virginia branch of the Bowles family. I was in such a rush that I
did not take time to carefully document the source but it may have
been Thomas Bowles Hanover County, Virginia, by Inez Bowles 1947.
In any case, I will quote from some of the reference:
"In 1609 the London Company sent 500 men to the Colony of
Virginia. In May 1610 John Bowles arrived with Lord Delaware. He
returned to England in the ship "George" in 1612 and came out
again in 1621 with Sir Francis Wyatt, who arrived in Jamestown
with 1200 planters...Sir George Bowles, the Lord Mayor of London,
was a member of the Virginia Company in 1620".    The book says of
the origin of the name of Bowles: " The Bowles name is doubtless
of both Saxon and Norman origin, probably making its first
appearance in England by Vikings, one of whose chiefs was called
"Bolla" in 820 A.D. which is Saxon for the word "Bowl".      He is
mentioned as "Bolla" during the reign of Edward the Confessor in
1041. The steward who passed the bowl at the table of Anglo Saxon
feasts was called the "Bollman" which name became "Bolle" and
afterwards "Bowles".    A knight who charged with William the
Conqueror at Hastings in 1066, is mentioned in th eRoll of Battle
Abbey as "Bole" sometimes spelt "boel", making the origin Norman.
This name does not appear on Doomsday Book, as one who received
Saxon lands and he was probably killed at Hastings in 1066 or fell
into disfavor with William the Conqueror for a time."
      If these accounts of the origin of the name Bowles is
accurate, then our family's being "Scottish Presbyterians" is
curious. Perhaps some of them moved to Scotland, and/or Northern
      Another reference at the New England H.G.S. was Boles -
Linton Ancestors, by Harold W. and David B. Boles, listed the name
of one William Boles b. 1752, s/o James Bole (Boyle), a
Presbyterian immigrant from Ireland, who m. Mary Painter, died
1836 at Buffalo tp, Armstrong, PA.      Irish Scots from Northern
     The early land grants of Cornwallis Township, as listed by
Eaton (pg. 74 & 75) list the following names whose children or
grandchildren married into the Bowles family:
     First effective grant, given 21 July 1761, committee of and
for the grantees: Eliakim Tupper, Stephen West, Jonathan Newcomb,
each full share consisted of 666 2/3 acres:
Newcomb, Benjamin
Newcomb, Eddy
Newcomb, John Jr.
Rockwell, Jonathan
Tupper, Eliakim (heirs of)
Tupper, Elias
Strong, Stephen
Webster, Abraham
Woodworth, Silas
     Second grant given 31 Dec 1764:
Barnaby, Timothy
Burgess, Seth
Newcomb, Benjamin
Pineo, Peter
Porter, Simeon
Ratchford, Thomas
Strong, Stephen
Tupper, Eliakim

THE HISTORY OF KINGS COUNTY, by Arthur Eaton, pub. Mika Studio,
Belleville, Ont., 1972 (originally published 1910 by the Salem
Publishing Co., Salem, Mass.), Page 583, gives some information on
"The Bowles Family":
"Alexander Bowles, who died 18 Jan 1820, and his wife Elizabeth
had children: Mary, b. 4 Mar 1774; Margaret, b. 22 Aug 1777, m.
14th Nov. 1809 to John Woodworth Jr. (Silas); Sarah, b. 22 Oct
1778; William, b. 28th Feb 1780, m. 3 Jan 1806 Prudence, d/o
Joseph and Lydia Rockwell; Alexander (Twin with William), d. 25th
Nov. 1780; John, b. 5 Nov 1782, m. 31 Jan 1804 Margaret, d/o
Abraham Webster; Elizabeth, b. 25 Nov 1784;    Graham, b. 1st Nov
1788, m. 24th Jan 1814 or 15, Alice, d/o John and Thankful
Newcomb, and had 10 children.
     As previously mentioned, Graham (see VIII) is my direct line.

William and Prudence (Rockwell) Bowles had children born:
     Mary b. 20 Nov 1806; Jerusha b. 7 July 1808; Elizabeth b. 22
Apr 1810; Joseph b. 4 July 1812; Pamela & Paulina b. 31 Jan 1815;
William Campbell b. 26 Feb 1818; Alice Jean b. 8 Dec 1820.
John and Margaret Bowles had children born in Cornwallis:

     Mary b. 17 Jan 1805; Alexander b. 28 Jan 1807; Graham b. 20
May 1809; George William b. 22 July 1811; Sarah Ann b. 2 Dec 1819

The children of Graham and Alice (Newcomb) Bowles were:

     Mary Alice b. 29 Nov 1815, d. 29 Aug 1821; John Newcomb b. 18
Dec 1816, died young; Thankful Margaret b. 10 Aug 1819; William
b. 9 Mar 1821; Mary A. b. 15 Nov 1823; Leonard b. 18 Sept 1824;
Elizabeth b. 18 Aug 1826; John Newcomb b. 29 May 1829; George b.
11 Feb 1831; Elizabeth b. 11 Jan 1832, m. Isaiah Shaw Pineo, son
of William Pineo."
     George (see VIII.I) is my direct line.

     In this document, I will refer to various branches of the
family of Alexander Bols by Roman numerals.   Hugh Graham Bowles
being one of the last children born to Alexander, has the number
"VIII". Thus, my direct line to Alexander Bols/Bowles (and only
claim to Scottish heritage) is as follows:

                Alexander Bols/Bowles (1749-1820)

               VIII. Hugh Graham Bowles (1785-1864)

                VIII.I. George Bowles (1831-1917)

        VIII.I.6. Laura Burgess Bowles Bishop (1877-1958)

           VIII.I.6.c. Minnie Bishop Gates (1909-1989)

           VIII.I.6.c.v. Doris Gates Thorpe (1946-    )

     Alexander and Elizabeth (Candlish) Bols were said by my
mother to have been a "strict" Scottish Presbyterian family.     I
found this a curious description, as my father was about as strict
a Baptist as they come!    The 1871 census lists their grandson's
(George Bowles) country of origin as "Scotch".

     As yet, I have not discovered the circumstances of emigration
of the Bowles family.     They may have emigrated directly from
Scotland, or they may have first been in Northern Ireland (Ulster
Scots), or in one of the American Colonies. Dotty Thomas told me
that her mother (Nellie Bowles Parker) had told her that her
grandfather (Hugh Graham Bowles) had come to N.S. from Scotland,
when he was age four. If this is so, then it would be easy to
pinpoint the date of the family's emigration. Eaton's History of
Kings county says that he was born in 1788, and his obituary in
the Presbyterian Witness confirms this date. This would mean that
he came over in 1792, yet his father bought land in Cornwallis
township in 1787. If Hugh Graham Bowles did not come to N.S. until
1792, then Alexander could not have been his father.     Also, the
name of “Hugh Graham” came from the first Presbyterian minister
who came to Chipman Corner church in 1785, so it would seem likely
that when Hugh Graham Bowles was born (1788), that the family was
living in Cornwallis Township. If the story of his emigration at
age four is correct, then all the children would have been born in
Scotland. I suppose that Alexander may have come before his family
in order to establish a home for them, prior to their emigration.
Yet, why are the births of all the children recorded in Cornwallis
Township, starting with the eldest Mary, who was born in 1774. If
they had been all born there, this suggests that they came before
the Loyalists, perhaps with the Planters.     Is it possible that
Alexander simply registered the dates of birth of all his children
at the same time?    If so, I would think that their place(s) of
birth would have been registered.
     Gilbert Forsyth who married Mary Bishop (probably a sister to
John Bishop - see VIII.I.6) at New London in 1741 was said to have
come from Scotland to Boston, MA., where he stayed for a short
time before settling at Groton, Connecticut.     His parents were
married at Cromarty in 1720 and his Great Grandfather was Rev.
James Forsyth.   One wonders if the Rev. William Forsyth who had
been a Presbyterian minister at Chipman's Corner, and whom
Alexander Bols bequeathed an annual sum, could have been related.
Perhaps Alexander and Elizabeth Bols came to Boston (and possibly
Connecticut??) before coming to Cornwallis, Kings County. Perhaps
the New England Genealogical Society in Boston would be a good
place to look.
     It is a matter of record that Alexander Bols bought land in
Cornwallis Township in February 1787, but how long before this
they actually emigrated, is as yet to be confirmed.      Given the
time of the sale, it would make sense to me that they would have
been here by at least 1786. Loyalist settlement in Nova Scotia
would have been at least 4 years before the 1787 land sale.      I
suppose it is possible that the family had planned to emigrate to
the U.S.A. but were delayed because of the hostilities and
instead, came to Nova Scotia. My mother used to tell me "Not all
Loyalists came from the United States". There was a Lemuel Bowles
living in New Edinburgh, Digby County in 1797 (unknown if
     Alexander McNutt was bringing colonists from Northern Ireland
to settle Nova Scotia around the time Alexander Bols came to N.S.
I understand that these settlers insisted that they were "Scotch",
not Irish.    Interesting that Arthur Patterson's middle name was
"MacNutt", and that he lived in Aylesford. It suggests that the
Pattersons came out with McNutt, if not related to him.
      Perhaps   Alexander  Bowles   came   over  with  MacNutt   to
Londonderry, thence to Cornwallis. I must check land grants for
Londonderry and Truro Townships.*      In any census records I've
looked at, the country of origin for the Bowles was always listed
as "Scotch".    If they had said Ireland, it would be a stronger
indication of an Ulster Scot connection.
      The book " The Londonderry Heirs, by J.M. Murphy (1976) gives
insight into the Ulster Scots who emigrated to the Cobequid and
Londonderry areas of what was then (1761) Halifax County, but is
now Colchester County. In telling some of the history of how the
Scots came to be living in Northern Ireland (basically because
James I wanted to get some of the Presbyterians who objected to a
state-controlled church, out of Scotland, and passed in 1609 the
Articles of Plantation, which allowed land in Northern Ireland to
be granted these Scots), Murphy mentions that in 1622, there was a
"George Caminge (Cumming) in the Londonderry Plantation and
"Francis Barnaby and John Woodroofe" in the Coleraine Plantation.
These were names of other members of the Congregational -
Presbyterian church at Chipman Corner, but of course, does not
necessarily mean that Alexander Bols came from the same place."
      The Book of Records for Cornwallis Township (1795-1862) says
that on 5 Nov 1804, Alexander Boles and George Cummings were both
chosen as assessors to raise money for support of the poor. In
these days, the unfortunate people who were "throwed upon the
Town", were cared for by the lowest bidder. That is, at a Town
meeting, bids were accepted for the care of the needy for the next
year.    The person who bid the lowest, was the one who, for the
said price bid, would have the responsibility of providing for
that person during the next year.      Once the Town knew what the
cost of supporting their poor would be, they appointed assessors
to go around to collect the money from the other residents of the
      Some knowledge of the Cummings' Scottish origins, have led me
to wonder if the Alexander Bols family may have come over at the
same time as the Cummings (1784).     With this thought in mind, I
am now going to include some information obtained from a letter
written in 1818 to George Cummings of Cornwallis Township, by his
brother, Hugh Cummings.      Hugh Cummings, returned to the Old
country, from whence he wrote George, from Burton upon Trent,
Staffordshire (just North of Birmingham, England). Russ McLean, a
descendant of the Cummings, who in 1999 was a teacher with the
Halifax Regional Municipality, found this letter at the museum in
St John, N.B, and he gave me a copy.
       George Cummings married (1795) Rebecca Dickie, d/o Matthew
and Jane Dickie. George and Hugh were the sons of James Cummings
and Margaret Ross. (A James Cummings in the index of Probate
records for Kings County. Perhaps it would list family members?)
It seems that the purpose of the rather lengthy letter was to
console George on the death of his wife. He also admonishes him
to take care in any decision to remarry, citing their own
experience as an example of how this did not work well. It seems
their father, James Cummings, had remarried (circa 1788) widow
Abigail Burgess after the death (1786) of his first wife, Margaret
Ross. According to Eaton, Abigail Howe married 1757 Seth Burgess
(I). He died in 1795, she in 1801. So perhaps it was the widow
of Seth Burgess Jr., who's name was Abigail Hovey, who married
James Cumming as his second wife.
     Seth and Abigail (Howe) Burgess had 4 children.     A daughter
of Seth (I) and Abigail Burgess was Thankful Burgess Newcomb. Her
daughter, Alice Newcomb, married our Hugh Graham Bowles, s/o
Alexander.    Another son of Seth Burgess(I) was Benjamin Burgess
(1762-1853), who married 1788 Abigail Hovey.      Benjamin Burgess'
sons, Seth and Benjamin, married respectively, Rebecca Ann and
Hannah Cummings. (see Eaton Pg 593), The letter to George Cumming
also mentions the names of two other sisters: Margaret, w/o
Jonathan Newcomb, and Mary McLean of New Brunswick, as well as a
brother, John Cummings, and an older sister, Catherine, wife of
William Campbell, who did not migrate with her parents, and sibs
to Nova Scotia in 1784.
     The year 1784 seems to be and odd time for anyone to be
emigrating to North America, as the American Revolution had just
ended and the British Government were discouraging emigration
there. On the other hand, I expect the British would think that
emigration to British North America might consolidate their power
there.    In 1785, one Allen MacLean (Ancestor of Russ MacLean),
sold land in Cornwallis Township to Charles Brown, and
subsequently moved to Quaco (near St Martin's) New Brunswick.
     Did the Bols family emigrate directly from Scotland in 1784
with the Cummings?    Or did they come earlier to Massachusetts and
thence to Cornwallis as a Planter. Or did they come in 1786 or
early 1787, when Alexander bought land?       I have a particular
interest in this question in that one of my husband's maternal
ancestors from Sunny Brae, Pictou County, was a William Cumming
(and his wife, Catherine Fraser), who emigrated in about 1802 from
Kiltarlity (near Inverness) Scotland.      Four of their children
married into the family of Donald Ross and wife Ann Dunn who
emigrated about 1815 from Durness, on the very Northern tip of
Scotland.    I know that there was a Grant who had lived in the
Annapolis valley, who moved to Pictou County to be near his Gaelic
speaking countrymen. Also, some of the Sunny Brae folk eventually
moved along the Blanchard Road to the Lochaber area of Antigonish
County, and one of the earliest settlers of that area was a John
     Despite living in Ireland for over 100 years, the Scots had
retained their Scottish culture and were offended by being called
Irish. Winthrope Sargent wrote of the Scotch - Irish :

"...were a hardy, brave, hot-headed raw, excitable in temper,
unrestrained in passion, invincible in prejudice.       Their hand
opened as impetuously to a friend as it clenched against an enemy.
They loathed the Pope as sincerely as they venerated Calvin or
     Undoubtedly the following Irish Blessing would have only been
given to those perceived as "friends".
                "May the road rise up to meet you,
               May the wind be always at your back,
               May the sun shine warm upon your face
             And the rains fall soft upon your fields,
                     And, until we meet again,
            May God hold you in the hollow of His hand."

     From 1714 to the late 18th century, one-third of the
population of Ulster had settled in New England, Pennsylvania, New
York, Virginia, and the Carolinas.    Most landed on the Delaware
shore, but most were bound for the Quaker Settlement of
Pennsylvania. (note the prevalence of Quaker names in this
family...Thankful, Mercy, Submit etc.)     Therefore, Pennsylvania
became the centre of the Presbyterian settlements in the New
World.   The emigrants suffered severely on the voyages on the
over-crowded, ill-provisioned ships.   Epidemics of smallpox etc.
took many lives...the ships were called "coffin ships".       Two-
thirds of the ships reached America.       The Boston area was a
stronghold of Puritans (Congregationalists), who were not happy to
receive the Presbyterians.    One group went to Worcester, where
prejudices of the Congregationalists were so strong they were
compelled to leave. Another group went to the Casco Bay area of
Maine, and eventually settled in Haverhill Mass.
Settlers included those with names that are also found in Nova
Scotia: John Archibald, James McKeen, Samuel Allison, William
Campbell, John Goffe, Abram Holmes, Lieu Gov. Wentworth.

     Marion Waddell has searched the Morman records for Alexander
Bols and Elizabeth Candlish, and the only place the names appeared
together, was in Liverpool, England in the year   *   . I suppose
it is possible that Alexander and Elizabeth Bowles had moved to
Liverpool prior to deciding to emigrate to North America.
Liverpool was a popular destination for many of the Ulster Scots.
     The Morman I.G.I. for Ireland did list a          number of
Bowles/Bolds/Bole/Boles/Bowls/Boals/Boll/Boul etc.,     including
three Alexander Bowles as follows:

1. Alexander Bowles, b. Dec. 1858 in Fermanagh, Aghavea, Skeagh;
son of Henry Boles and Margaret Irvine
2. Alexander Bowles b. Nov. 1859 son of Elizabeth, Fermanagh,
Aghavea, Lisnaban.
3. Alexander Bowles, Christened Aug. 1797 at Limerick, Limerick,
St John; son of Henry and Sarah.

It is interesting that all of these christian names, Alexander,
Henry, Margaret, Elizabeth, and Sarah, are prevalent in our Bowles
family.   Fermanagh, Ireland is in the western part of Northern
Ireland, not far from Lough Erne and Enniskillen.      Limerick is
some distance away in South Western Ireland, on the River Shannon.
I don't know that a Presbyterian "Irish Scot" would find himself
in this area of Ireland, but who knows?
     "Tangled Roots" tells us that Peter Bishop married in 1786,
an Amy Bowles (1771-1851) of New London, Conn., dau. of Amos and
Abigail (Smith) Bowles. He apparently brought back his bride from
Connecticut. Could she have been related to our Alexander Bols?
Unlikely, but I suppose possible, as Alexander would have come to
N.S. around the same time.
     My Aunt Lorna (Bishop) Huston of Greenwich, N.S., sent me a
copy of an article from the Teleguide Homestead (March 23, 1983)
which was entitled " `Charming Molly' played large role in Western
Valley's settlement".    This was a schooner chartered by Henry
Evans of Massachusetts on 5 May 1760 to transport settlers to Nova
Scotia. It's Captain was a man named Grow. I will quote:
"The vessel was ready for departure May 15, needing only a fair
wind to get underway. It set sail for Annapolis Royal, May 23 but
on the night of the 26th encountered a bad storm which it
weathered out. "Charming Molly" however, had to return to Boston,
possibly for some repairs.
     On June 19, Captain Grow sailed from Boston and six days
later dropped anchor at Annapolis Royal where new settlers and
their effects were discharged. The vessel left June 28 to return
to Boston."
     The new settlers names did not include our Alexander Bols,
however, it goes on to say that "a number of other settlers
arrived later on in the same summer but the name of the carrier is
not known.   It could have been the "Charming Molly" which would
have had time to return to Boston, reload, and get back.
     These other settlers included Captain Phineas Lovett...and
William Bowles." One could theorize that this William Bowles was
the father of Alexander Bols, but I certainly have no data to
substantiate this theory, only a couple of indicators:
1. One of Alexander's first sons (a twin) was named William, and
given the Scots way of naming, it is not unreasonable to think
that Alexander Bols' father was named William.     The second twin
was called Alexander.
2. Several of our Bowles family married into Annapolis County
families, including Sarah Boles who married Eliakim Tupper,
grandson of Elias and Jerusha Tupper of Tupperville (near Round
Hill), and Elizabeth Bowls who married Elias Tupper, another
grandson to Elias and Jersuha Tupper of Tupperville. Of course,
the Tuppers would have had relatives in the Aylesford area, so one
cannot make assumptions as to how they met.

     My mother suggested the Bowles may have been Loyalists, and
said "Not all Loyalists came from the United States", but it is
unknown if she was referring to this family.         Certainly the
British were blockading New York and diverting ships to Boston,
where the men were "encouraged" to join the cause against the
"Rebels" and in exchange were to receive land grants in Nova
Scotia.   However, Alexander appears to have bought land (vs.
having received a land grant), so I expect he was not actually
involved in the fighting, at least in this war.
     I copied the following names from muster lists found in
"Loyalists From the Southern Campaign Volume II," by M. Clark:

Bowles, John pg 205 - Promoted (Corporal) 25 Oct 1781 at
Charlestown. Capt Richard Hovenden's Troop of Light Dragoons,
commanded by Lieu. Col. Tarleton from 25 Oct to 24 Dec 1781.

Bowles, William - (1) Ensign - muster of Capt James Frisby's
Company of ye First Batt Maryland Loyalists commanded by Lieu Col.
James Chalmers July 1781. (2) Also listed in list dated at
"Newton" 25 Aug 1781-24 Oct 1781. (3) in Capt Grafton Dulaney's
Company of Maryland Loyalists, 4 Sept 1778.     There was also an
"Alexander Swindle" in this company. (4) 23 Feb 1779, Capt Patrick
Kennedy's Company, 1st Batt of Maryland Loyalists. There was also
a William A. Bowles in this company.

There is nothing to indicate that these two Bowles men were in any
way connected to the Kings County Bowles, other than the names of
William and John being in the family, but these were very common
names of the time.

     There was a "John Bolds" who was among the Loyalist who
received a land grant at Port Mouton, Queens county in 1784.

     There was also a "Cornelius Boles" (of African descent) who
petitioned for land in Cumberland County in 1814, stating that his
father was a refugee and during the rebellion belonged to Col
Delancy's Regiment. The Christian Messenger 11 May 1838, has the
record of the marriage, at Amherst, on the 15th by Rev. Mr
Townsend, Edward, eldest son of Mr Joseph Morse, to Cynthia,
eldest daughter of Mr Cornelius Bowles.
     In 1812, Stuart, John and Others, including "Thomas Boles"
received a land grant between Macan and Five Islands, Cumberland
County. Thomas Boles received 300 acres.
     In 1813, Thorp, Timothy and Others, including "Alexander
Bowls" received land grants near the Musquodoboit River, Halifax
County. Alexander Bowls received 450 acres at that time. This may
have been around the time that some of Rev Hugh Graham's flock
were planning to follow him to the Stewiake area, or it may have
been a group of people thinking ahead about land needs for their
families. Within 7 years, Alexander Bowls was dead, and buried at
Chipman Corner, so it is unlikely he ever lived on this land
grant. Did any of his children? (Unknown, but certainly not our
line, as Hugh Graham Bowles purchased land in Kings. I wonder if
the money he used was his portion of Alexander's estate.)
     In 1825, a "Robert Boles", native of Ireland, age 45,
petitioned for land at Clam Harbour Lake, within the reserve at
Manchester, Sydney County.    The petition says that he lived in
Clonmol, Ireland, and received leave of absence from his regiment,
the Tipperary Regiment of Irish Militia, to come to nova Scotia.
He has a wife and 5 children.
     In 1828, DesBarres, William, & Others (including Robert
Boles) petitioned for land in Sydney County.     Robert Boles asks
for 300 acres.   In the petition, it says     that he emigrated 10
April 1822, and came to Guysboro in August, that he is 40 years
old and has a wife and 4 children.        Served 16 years in the
Tipperary Regiment, as sergeant and Quarter-master.         Before
leaving Ireland he purchased from Capt Ralph Cunningham a tract of
land supposed to contain 450 acres. Finds that parts of the land
have been reserved, and only 150 acres remain. Asks other lands.
Two character references attached.
     I also found references in the New Brunswick Museum, St John,
to some Bowles who were Loyalists who received land grants,
presumably in New Brunswick.
. John Bowle -Corporal-Loyalist Reg. A30 p44
. James Bowles -Private-Loyalist Reg. A31 p33

 There is also an oral tradition that one of the women in the
family (?Bowles family) was looking out a window and saw a
handsome officer riding by and said "There's the man I'm going to
marry" (and did).    This suggests a military connection (but it
could be on the Shaw side). There was an Adj. Gen. by the name of
Major George Bowles at Quebec at the time of the War of 1812.   As
romantic as this sounds, it is unknown if he could be connected to
our family. This war was a full generation after the Revolutionary
War, so George is unlikely to be one of ours.


      Next, I am going to record some of the history of the
Congregational/Presbyterian church of Chipman's Corner here, as it
would have played a central role in the lives of the Bowles
Among the names of the first deacons of this church was John
Newcomb (1756-1832). The Newcomb Genealogy says that he was the
father of    Alice Newcomb (1791-1866) who married Hugh Graham
Bowles (1788-1864), and that their children resided at Waterville.
The Newcomb Genealogy pg. 110 says that John Newcomb (1756-1832),
son of John the Planter, was an elder in the Presbyterian church.
     The history of this Congregational Church was written by
Eaton in his "History of Kings County", chapter XVI, and the next
chapter is "Early Presbyterianism."       I also have an article
written by Rev. W.A.Ross, entitled "Brief Historical Sketch of the
Emmanuel United Church of Canada, Kingsport, N.S. and Canard
United Church of Canada, Upper Canard, N.S. which talks about this
church, from which the "New Light" Congregational church,
originally at Jawbone Corner, was formed...       Members included
Benjamin Kinsman, Jonathan Rockwell, Elias & Elizabeth Tupper ( I
wondered it this might be Elizabeth Bowles, d/o Alexnder, but this
list was before 1799, so whe would have been too young for this to
be her),   William Chipman, Benjamin Cleveland (prob. father of
Jerusha who married James Neary).          This New Light church
eventually split over the question of immersion, and in 1807 Rev
Manning formed the First Cornwallis Baptist church at Upper
Canard, with 7 of it's members, including William Chipman.     The
Congregational church at Jaw Bone corner, moved to Habitant, and
in 1819 the minister was Rev. John Pineo.
     The old Congregational mother-church at Chipman corner had
been left in a weakened position after the withdrawal of the New
Lights to Jawbone Corner. Quoting from Rev Ross: "However, new
Presbyterian recruits were arriving from North Ireland and
Scotland - the Dickies, McKittricks, Cummings, etc., who became
associated with the Chipman Corner was a time of
crisis with the old church.    The war of the American Revolution
was at its height, and as Nova Scotia was Loyal to Britain, there
was little intercourse with      New England, and owing to the
experience with Mr Phelps, (who m. Phobe, d/o Col Robert
Dennison), who had sympathized with the revolutionaries, it seemed
unwise to send to New England for a minister. Rev Phelps' father,
Nathaniel Phelps, was a Revolutionary Patriot from Hebron,
Connecticutt.   A son of Henry Burbidge and Hannah Bishop, Abel,
m.1808 Martha Phelps, probably a daughter of Rev. Phelps.
     By this time, there was a well established Presbyterian
church at Lower Horton (Grand Pre), with the Rev James Murdock as
minister, and there existed a fine fellowship between this church
and the one at Chipman Corner. Other Presbyterian churches sprang
up at Truro, Onslow and Londonderry.       Truro and Onslow were
settled by New Englanders at about the same time they came to
Cornwallis, and Col Alexander MacNutt brought out about the same
time, settlers from Ireland to Londonderry, N.S.     They named it
after their home town, and some of these...found their way to
Horton and Cornwallis. There was therefore a fellowship between
the churches of Cornwallis and those in Truro and Londonderry and
considerable going back and forth of the people from the first
along the shores of Minas Basin and Cobequid Bay. It was natural
then, that the church at Cornwallis should look to the ministers
of these places for guidance in their time of crisis.
Accordingly, we find the Rev.Daniel Cock of Truro and the Rev.
David Smith of Londonderry visiting Cornwallis, where they had
heated arguments with Henry Alline, who came to hear them preach."
     A number of members, including Hezekiah Cogswell and John
Huston, had tried, to no avail, to get Rev. Jonathan Scott, of
Chebogue, Yarmouth County, to help fill the pulpit after Rev.
Phelps left.
"...Under all the circumstances it is not strange that an appeal
went out from the Cornwallis church to the Associate synod of the
Secession Church in Scotland for a minister.    In answer to this
prayer, in 1785 the Rev. Hugh Graham arrived and preached his
first sermons on 29th of August in that year in the Chipman Corner
Church.    Graham's arrival was the beginning of the Cornwallis
church as a Presbyterian one, and for some years it was known as
the "Congregational and Presbyterian Church of Cornwallis". Eaton
says "Prior to 1765, the only Presbyterian ministers who had
laboured in Nova Scotia had been Rev Samuel Kinloch, and Rev James
Lyon, the former had previously preached in Pennsylvania, the
latter in New Jersey. These clergymen had made the Scotch-Irish
settlers of Colchester their chief charge, but in 1766, the county
of Kings was added to the field of Presbyterian missionary work."
Rev Graham married (15 Dec 1791) as his second wife, Elizabeth,
d/o James Whidden, of Truro, by whom he had at least 3 children.
Rev. Graham died in 1829, age 75.    He was said to be "a man of
peace and an eminent example of meekness and piety."
     "Our Fathers in the Faith, by A.E. Betts, gives some
information on Rev. Graham's education.    It says that he served
1785-1829.    He was born in West Calder (between Edinburgh and
Motherwell), Scotland, about 1755, and was educated at Edinburgh
University and Haddington. Ordained and sent by Associate Synod
to Cornwallis, N.S., preaching his first sermon there 29 Aug 1785.
Called to Stewiake and Musquodoboit, 1800, and remained with
Stewiake when the congregations were separated in 1815. Died April
      The Chipman's Corner church was built where the French
Acadian St Joseph's Catholic church had been built, and stood
until at least 1866.      It was built using massive oak timbers
brought in from New England. It was a large square, 2 story
building, finished inside and out after the pattern of the New
England Puritan churches with the high-backed pews, arranged in
four tiers, and the end pews were closed in by doors. There was a
lofty pulpit, with a sounding board above it.       It had a large
gallery around three sides, and could seat 1000 people. It served
the people for over 100 years and was finally sold to Hon Samuel
Chipman, while still in good condition, and it's timbers sound,
about 1875.
   Rev. Graham was a member of the oldest Presbytery in Canada,
founded at Truro in 1786.     The other ministers were Rev. David
Smith, Rev Daniel Cock, and Rev James MacGregor of Pictou.
      During the ministry of Rev. Hugh Graham, the Hon. Henry H.
Cogswell had been a member of the church, and in 1853, in memory
of Rev Hugh Graham, he donated 100 pounds to the church, to be
invested in real estate, the income of which would go to the
minister and his successors.
      Rev. Graham resigned in 1799, because, it has been suggested,
the church refused to give up the Watts hymn book and sing only
Psalms. He was called to Stewiake and Musquodoboit, where he was
inducted 27 Aug 1800. He was followed there by some of his people
who were so attached to him including Abraham Newcomb and Eliakim
Tupper. (note: Eliakim and Elizabeth Tupper removed to Stewiake
from Truro in 1792, so this suggests Rev Graham was called there
by his former parishoners who settled in this area).      Rev. John
Waddell preached the induction sermon. Rev Graham was succeeded
at Chipman Corner, by the Rev William Forsythe, who belonged to
the Auld Kirk of Scotland.        He served until 1840, and was
succeeded by Rev. George Struthers. (Deacon Seth Burgess was a
member at this time). Rev Forsythe established a grammer school.
      In 1857, it was decided to divide the large congregation, and
build 3 new churches, one in Canard, one in Kentville, and one in
Lakeville.     In 1858, the members and adherents in Western
Cornwallis asked that Lakeville, Waterville, and Berwick be set
off as a separate charge. This was approved. (Note: Hugh Graham
Bowles (see VIII), who died 1864, is buried in the churchyard of
Saint Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Waterville. Bentley notes say
that a Graham Bowles is buried at Berwick.         Perhaps this is
another Graham Bowles, possibly the son of John Boles (see VI.C)
and Margaret Webster.      The first minister for these western
churches was Rev. Alex. McKay and the then just completed church
at Lakeville was dedicated, and the one at Waterville completed
and dedicated.
These were "Free Presbyterian " churches. One of the ministers at
Canard was Rev. A. MacDougall, who temporarily served Lakeville
and Waterville churches. Charles Magee was one of the Elders of
the Canard Presbyterian church in 1917.

NOTE: I have written Mrs Elizabeth (Magee) Rand about these
churches, and anything she knows about the origin of the Bowles,
and their connections with the Tuppers. She replied that she will
take it to the Genealogy committee at Kings County museum,

     Another Presbyterian minister was Rev. William Sommerville,
"an Irish - Scotch Covenanter of the strongest personality". He
had been ordained 1831 by the Reformed Church of Ireland, and for
a time had ministered in Amherst, N.S. He came to the Horton
church, but spent about a quarter of his time to Cornwallis. He
left the Horton church for West Cornwallis in 1840, and as a
"Reformed" or "Covenanting" minister began missionary work there
and in Wilmot.    He was very against the Watts Hymn book and was
said to lay "violent hands upon it " and replace it with the
Scotch Metrical version of the Psalms and Paraphrases. In 1843 he
organized a Reformed church in the Grafton area.      He remained
pastor of the church until his death in 1878. In the 1861 census,
he is listed in the Somerset district with 13 in his family. He
is listed 14 names away form William Chipman, also a powerful
orator, but a Baptist.
     After Rev. Sommerville, Rev. Thomas McFall, also a native of
Ireland, but educated in the Middle States, became pastor, and was
still there when Eaton wrote his History of Kings (1910). It is
not probable that Graham or George Bowles ever belonged to this
church, as they are both buried at St Andrews Presbyterian in
Waterville, vs.the Covenanter church in Grafton, but some of
Alexander Bols' children did.      In 1988, I visited this old
cemetery surrounding the church, and found the following names
that are connected to the Bowles family:

1.) Nesbit, William: d. 1855 age 85 (ie. b. 1770)
     Nesbit, Robert: d. 1882, age 32
     Nesbit, Hugh: d. 1869?
     Elizabeth, wife of Hugh Nesbit: d. 1886 age 39
     Mary Nesbit: d.1861 age 54 (note: this means she was born
Note: Mary Jane Bols b. 1774, the eldest child of Alexander Bols
m. a William Nesbit. She would have been the right age to have
married the above William Nesbit.         If this is the right
conclusion, then these would have been her children. But whatever
happened to Mary Jane??

2.) Woodworth, William: d. 1811 age 18
     Eunice, wife of Andrew Woodworth: d. 1869 age 78

3.) John Newcombe: d. 1866 age 56
     Abigail Calkin, wife of John Newcombe 1822-1923

4.) Jonathan Newcombe: d. 1851 Age 81 (ie. b. 1770)
     Margaret Newcombe, wife of Jonathan d. 1853 age 74 (ie b.
     Margaret Trueman, 1857-1935, dau. of above, first woman
     graduate of Dalhousie University.

Note: According to Eaton, Jonathan Newcomb, b. 1770, was s/o John
Newcomb Jr and Mercy Barnaby, and so brother to the John Newcomb
(b. 1756) who married Thankful Burgess. (parents of Alice, Mrs
Hugh Graham Bowles).
     Jonathan Newcomb m. Margaret, daughter of James Cummings,
from Inverness. Their children as listed on page 760 of History
of Kings, were:

Abigail Newcomb m. Daniel Cogswell (see #7 cemetery listings
Hugh Ross Newcomb m. Sophia Morton
Grizel Newcomb m. David White
Mary Newcomb m. James McMasters
Lemuel Morton Newcomb m. Matilda Flagg
John Cummings Newcomb (1809-1866) m.1853, Abigail, d/o Elias &
                                    Mercy (Burgess) Calkin.
Margaret Alice Newcomb m. Solomon Woodworth (see #6 cemetery
listing below)

5.)Andrew Woodworth: d. 1869 age 80 (ie. b. 1789)
     Sarah Woodworth: d. 1889 age 68
     Anna Woodworth b. 1823 d. 1906

Note: according to Eaton, Andrew Woodworth b. 1788, was a son of
the John and Submit (d/o Benjamin and Hannah Newcomb) Woodworth,
and a brother to Solomon, next mentioned, and Sarah b. 1774 was a
sister of Andrew and Solomon. Another sister, Submit, is said to
have married a "Thomas Magee". Eaton, Pg. 83 mentions that there
was a "Jonathan Woodruff" an early grantee, who sold his land
before too many years, and returned to his early home, in Machias,
Maine, along with Jabez West, Jonathan Longfellow etc.

6.) Margaret Alice, wife of Solomon Woodworth 1811-1864
     Solomon Woodworth 1793-1883.
Note: according to Eaton (pg. 878), Solomon Woodworth (b. 1793)
was a son of John and Submit (Newcomb)Woodworth, and he married
Mary Alice (b. 1811), daughter of Jonathan and Margaret (Cummings)

7.) Abigail Newcombe, wife of Daniel Cogswell d. 1854, age 59.

Note: she was either the daughter of Jonathan Newcomb and Margaret
Cummings, as noted above, or John and Thankful (Burgess) Newcomb.
Eaton (pg. 760) says that Jonathan and Margaret were married 1796,
so unless Abigail was born before her marriage, she could not be
theirs. wrong date? Abigail was born 1781, therefore, the other
Abigail closer in age.

8.) Diadame, wife of John Shaw d. 1856 age 44
     John Shaw d. 1874 age 62.

9.) John Brown, a native of Kirleyechalm, Scotland. d. 1859 age 55

10.) John White, elder of the R.P. Church in West Cornwallis who
departed 1860, age 69. A native of Perth (note: on the Tay river,
mid eastern Scotland), Scotland.
Note: Perhaps the David White who m. Grizel Newcomb, above, was
related to this man.
     The last two names confirm the presence in this community of
some people who were born in Scotland.

CANDLISH: - This is an unusual name, and in researching my
husband's Pictou family, came across information that a church in
Barney's River was known as the "Candlish" church. It was named
for a Rev. Dr Robert Smith Candlish (1806-1873), minister of the
Free Saint George's church, Edinburgh, Scotland, and he was one of
the leaders of the Free Presbterian Church movement in Scotland. I
have some information from the National Library of Scotland about
this man, which not only tells about him, but also, gives insight
into the Free church, which was what the Chipman Corner church
was.      Rev Candlish's was born in Edinburgh, where his father,
James Candlish, M.A., was a medical teacher.       The family was
connected with Ayrshire, and James Candlish, who was born in the
same year as Robert Burns, was an intimate friend of the poet.
Writing of him to Peter Hill, bookseller, Edinburgh, Burns called
him `Candlish, the earliest friend, except my only brother, whom I
have on earth, and one of the worthiest fellows that ever any man
called by the name of friend.'     The wife of James Candlish was
Jane Smith, one of the six belles of Mauchline celebrated in 1784
in one of Burn's earliest poems.     Robert Candlish's father died
when he was only but 5 weeks old, and the care of the family was
thrown on his mother, a woman of great excellence and force of
character, who, though in the narrowest of circumstances,
contrived to give her two sons a university education, and have
them trained, the elder for the medical profession, and the
younger for the ministry.    James Candlish, the elder brother, a
young man of the highest talent and character, died in 1829, just
as he had been appointed to the chair of surgery in Anderson's
College, Glasgow.    Robert Candlish was never sent to school,
receiving all his early instruction from his mother, sister, and
brother.   At the university of Glasgow, he was a distinguished
student, and among his intimate friends was known for his general
scholarship, his subtlety in argument, and his generosity and
straightforwardness of character. He was fond of open-air life,
indulging in many rambles with his friends....his first parish was
Bonhill, near Loch Lomond. In 1833, his great gift as a preacher
having become known, he was appointed assistant to the minister of
St George's Edinburgh. In 1839, he was led to throw himself into
the momentous conflict with the civil courts which had sprung out
of the passing of the veto law by the general assembly in 1834,
recognizing a right on the part of the people to have an
influential voice in the appointment of their ministers, which law
of the church the civil courts declared to be ultra vires.
Candlish was a member of the general assembly in 1839...and
delivered a speech of such eloquence as placed him at once in the
front rank of debaters. A few months later, it fell to him, at
the request of his friends, to propose a motion in the commission
of assembly for suspending seven ministers of the Presbytery of
Strathbogie, who in the case of Marnoch had disregarded the
injunction of the church and obeyed that of the civil courts. The
occasion was one of supreme importance; it was throwing down the
gauntlet to the court of session, and proclaiming a war in which
one or other of the parties must be defeated. Even among those
who were most opposed to the policy advocated by Candlish there
was no difference as to the profound ability with which he
supported his motion.     The majority of the general assembly
persistently adhered to the policy thus initiated in all the
subsequent stages of the controversy.       In 1843, that party,
finding itself unable to longer maintain the position of an
established church, withdrew from its connection with the state,
and formed the Free Church of Scotland.
     The principles on which Candlish took his stand and which he
sought to elucidate and maintain were two - the right of the
people of Scotland, confirmed by ancient statutes, to an effective
voice in the appointment of their ministers; and the independent
jurisdiction of the church in matters spiritual- both of which
principles, it was held, the civil courts had set aside....he felt
it was wrong for the court of session to attempt, as it was doing,
to control the spiritual proceedings of the church; it ought to
confine itself wholly to civil effects... The establishment of the
"Witness"   (newspaper),   in   Edinburgh   had  the   effect   of
consolidating and extending the movement....for the next few
years, Candlish was always more or less engrossed with the great
controversy. During this time, it was agreed by the government to
institute a chair of Biblical criticism in the university of
Edinburgh, and the office was given, by the Home Secretary, Lord
Normanby, to Dr Candlish.
His nomination was denounced by Lord Aberdeen, in the House of
Lords, ..."who denounced in the bitterest of terms the conferring
of such an honour on one who was in open opposition to the civil
courts and the law of the land". The presentation was cancelled.
Next to Chalmers, Candlish was now the most prominent leader of
the "non-intrusion" party, and although still very young, his
leadership was accepted with great confidence and admiration by
his brethren. He was an influential member of a meeting of clergy
called `the convocation', in Nov 1842, when it was virtually
agreed, in the event of no relief being procured from parliament,
to dissolve connection with the state.     This step was actually
taken on 18 May 1843, 470 ministers, with a corresponding
proportion of lay elders and of the people, forming themselves
into the Free Church. In the organisation of this body, Candlish
had the leading share.
     From this time, or at least after the death of Chalmers, till
close on his own death in 1873, Candlish may be said to have been
the ruling spirit in the Free Church.
     Candlish took a special interest in education.       The old
tradition of the Scottish church respecting the connection of
church and school had strongly impressed him, as well as the
desire to see the work of education elevated and the famous plan
of John Knox more thoroughly carried out...the plan of having a
school connected with every congregation did not prove very
popular, especially among the laity.
     In 1841, Candlish received the degree of D.D. from the
college of New Jersey, commonly called Princeton College, in the
United States, and in 1865, the University of Edinburgh gave him
the same degree.
     Among movements outside his own church in which he took an
active share was that for the formation of the Evangelical
Alliance in 1845. Another was directed towards the union of four
Presbyterian churches, the Free, United Presbyterian, and Reformed
Presbyterian of Scotland, and the Presbyterian Church of England.
This scheme was defeated by the opposition of Dr Begg and his
friends.     The union of the Free church with the Reformed
Presbyterian was subsequently carried into effect.
Note: The Reformed Presbyterian Church was also known as the
"Covenanters". This was Rev Sommerville's church at Grafton.
     In 1999, I received an email from a Marilyn Armour of
Scotland, re the Candlish family from Dalrymple, Ayrshire,
Scotland. She is the GGG grandaughter of Hairry McCandlish, who
she says was a brother to the James Candlish who was a good friend
of Robert Burns. She says that others in this family included a
sister Elizabeth b. 1727 in Ayrshire (this would seem to be too
early for it to be my Elizabeth, as she died 1820(?9) at the age
of 76, which would place her date of birth as 1744 or 1753. James
also had a daughter, Eliza b. 1799, which would be too late for my
Elizabeth. There was also an Elizabeth (b. 1772) and a Lizabeth
(b. 1762 in Dalrymple) who were nieces to James, and daughters of
Hairry McCandlish. Re. these similar names for the girls, Marilyn
comments "The fact that the family used the same name twice makes
me think that it was indeed a family name and when they ran out of
ideas, the simply used the same one again with a variation on the
spelling. The same family had a Hendry, a Hairry, and a Henry,
all brothers".   Apparently the name had been McCandlish at one
point, but the Mc was dropped by several branches of the family.
She says that there were at least four members of the family who
went to Montreal, and that she has Candlish 'cousins' in Toronto,
Montreal and Ottawa, as well as California and England.     She is
planning to extract vital stats from the "OPR files" of Dalrymple,
and will send them to me once she has done this.         Should be
It is interest that one of the earliest Freemason's lodge was St
George's, held in Cornwallis Township at the home of Rev William
A. Chipman, in 1784.    Names associated with this lodge included
Best, Cummings, and Webster.
Wilson’s History of the County of Digby (pg. 271), in a list of
voters   in the British Parliament (House of Commons) listed a
“Candlish of Ayr” as voting in favour of a commission being
appointed to enquire into, and report upon the alleged causes fo
discontent existing in the province of Nova Scotia on the subject
of North American Confederation - into which the inhabitants of
that province assert they have been included without their consent
(87 ayes 183 nays, so the commission was never formed). I wrote
to inquire about “Candlish of Ayr”, but there was no indication
that there was an M.P. by that name representing Ayr at that time.


 We have collected the following documents relative to the first
land transactions of Alexander Bowles, which show that he was in
Cornwallis Township by at least Feb 1787. One would assume that
he came to Nova Scotia around this time, or a little before, but
it is possible that he came around the time of the Planters, or
(as oral tradition says) came from Scotland.
        The fact that Alexander Bols purchased land vs. receiving a
land grant, demonstrates a degree of financial security. By 1788,
Loyalists would have been in Nova Scotia for 4 years, and most of
the land already granted, perhaps to land speculators, who could
have made a large amount of money around this time because of the
     Alexander's first land purchases were from Benjamin Kinsman.
According to "The Port Remembers", Benjamin Kinsman lived at the
corner of Lower Church Street and Jackson Road in a house now
(1994)    occupied  by   Elizabeth   Magee   Rand,  my   elementary
schoolteacher from Town Plot schooldays.      (The old school Town
Plot Section 60, was demolished in 1994. It was located on the
corner of the Crossroad leading to the old original Planter "Town
Plot"), Lower Church Street, Port Williams.


Cornwallis Township Deeds, 1787 Book 2, Page 255 - To all people
to whom this deed of sale shall come greeting.     Know ye that I
Benjamin Kinsman of Cornwallis in Kings County in the Province of
Nova Scotia, yeoman, for and in consideration of the sum of one
hundred and eighty pounds currency of the province aforesaid in
hand paid by Alexander Bowls of said Cornwallis, yeoman, the
receipt whereof I do hereby acknowledge myself fully satisfied,
contented and paid.     Have bargained and sold unto the said
Alexander Bowls, his heirs and assigns forever, all that farm
lands tenement where he the said Benjamin Kinsman now lives in the
said Cornwallis and which is butted and bounded thus:
(Note: was it after this sale that Benjamin Kinsman moved to Lr
Church street where Elizabeth McGee Rand now lives?)
Beginning at a stake standing on the north side of a highway at
the north west corner of a piece of land left for a building lot
for Joseph Kinsman from hence the line turns 62 degrees west
thirty-eight rods by the northerly side of said highway, from
thence 20 rods west by the north side of said highway, from thence
runs north 220 rods to a small poplar tree, from thence east 110
rods, from thence south 102 rods, from thence west about 15 rods,
from thence south until it comes to the north east corner of said
Joseph Kinsman's land, from thence north 79 degrees west 14 rods,
from thence south 13 degrees west 26 rods to the stake set out
Containing in the whole by estimation about 126 acres be the same
more or less and the above described lands was part of John Woods,
Samuel Morse and Ethan Pratt's 200 acre division. Said Alexander
Bowls, his heirs and assigns, to have and to hold the said lands
and premises hereby bargained and sold to him the said Alexander
Bowls, his heirs and assigns forever, with all the rights members
privileges and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in anywise
appertaining.   And the said Benjamin Kinsman, for myself and my
heirs, do hereby engage to warrant and defend the said lands and
premises against all manner of person or persons whatsoever
claiming or that any claim title or interest in or to the same or
any parts thereof and that forever, unto him the said Alexander
Bowls, his heirs and assigns forever.

       And Elizabeth Kinsman, the wife of the said Benjamin
Kinsman, doth hereby fully freely and voluntarily give up and quit
all her rights of thirds and power and dower off (sic) in and unto
the said farm lands and premises and that forever.      In witness
whereof the said Benjamin and Elizabeth Kinsman have hereunto set
our hands and seals this seventh day of February in the 27th year
of His Majesty's reign and in the year of our Lord 1787. Signed
Benjamin and Elizabeth Kinsman, Signed sealed and delivered in the
presence of William Allan Chipman and Jonathan Sherman. J.P..

Received   the full consideration in the above and before written
deed of    bargain and sale being one hundred and eighty pounds.
Witness    my hand.    Benjamin Kinsman, Cornwallis, 26th day of
February   1787.

Note: This is the earliest land transaction found and suggests
that the Bowles (or at least Alexander) were in the area by at
least 1786, as it would be unlikely they would have bought land
before moving to Cornwallis township.

Registered at eleven o'clock in the forenoon on the third day of
March 1787 on the oath of William Allan Chipman before me. Signed
Benjamin Belcher, Dep'y Reg.


Book 4, Page 102, 1800, Cornwallis Land Deeds:

To the people to whom this deed of sale shall come greeting:
Know ye that I Benjamin Kinsman of Cornwallis in Kings County and
province of Nova Scotia, yeoman, for and in consideration of the
sum of one hundred and thirty pounds currency of said province in
hand paid by Alexander Bols of said Cornwallis, yeoman, the
receipt whereof I do hereby acknowledge myself fully satisfied,
contented and paid, have bargained and sold unto the said
Alexander Bols, his heirs and assigns forever, all those pieces or
tracts of land situate and being in the Township of Cornwallis
aforesaid hereafter described viz:

All that part of the one hundred acre lots originally allotted to
John Wood in full of his two hundred acre division which lies on
the south side of the highway that now crosses said lot which is
bounded thus:   Beginning at a Tree marked I; H standing in the
west line of a 200 acre lot originally allotted to Samuel Brewster
and nine rods south from said Brewster's north west corner; from
thence west 62 rods to a spruce tree marked A;B; thence south to
the aforesaid highway; thence south 62 degrees east by said
highway until it comes to a lot of land laid out on the right of
Ethan Pratt; then south by said Pratt's and Brewster's land the
first mentioned bounds, be the same more or less;

Also a small piece of land being a part of the aforesaid Wood's
lot which lies on the north side of the aforesaid highway which is
bounded thus: Beginning at a stake standing in the north side of
said highway and in the west line of the lot laid out on the right
of the aforesaid Ethan Pratt's; thence north forty rods by said
land to a stake; thence north 79 degrees west 14 rods to a stake;
thence south 31 degrees west 26 rods; and thence south 62 degrees
east 30 rods to the first mentioned bounds, be the same more or

And also another small piece or tract of land, about nine acres be
the same more or less, being so much of the 200 acre lot that was
originally allotted to the right of Samuel Morris and is bounded
thus:   Beginning at the south east corner of said lot and from
thence the north runs west ten rods; thence north about 132 until
it comes to the highway that crosses aid lot; thence easterly by
said highway 10 rods; and thence south to the place of beginning;

And the above described lands was part of John Wood's and Samuel
Morris' two hundred acre division;

Said Alexander Bowls to have and to hold said lands and premises
hereby bargained and sold to him, the said Alexander Bowls, his
heirs and assigns forever, with all the rights members privileges
and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in anywise appertaining
and I the said Benjamin Kinsman for myself and heirs do hereby
promise and engage to warrant and defend the said lands and
premises against all manner of person or persons whatsoever claim
or that may claim titles or interest in or to the same or any part
thereof, and that forever unto him the said Alexander Bowls his
heirs and assigns forever, and Elizabeth Kinsman, the wife of the
said Benjamin Kinsman, doth hereby fully, freely and voluntarily
give up and quit all her right of thirds and power of dower of in
and unto said farmlands and premises, and that forever.

In witness whereof the same Benjamin and Elizabeth Kinsman have
hereunto set our hands and seals the 1st day of May in the 27th
year of His Majesty's reign, and in the year of our Lord 1787.
Signed Benjamin and Elizabeth Kinsman.         Signed sealed and
delivered in the presence of Joseph Kinsman and Robert Kinsman.

Registered on the 24th day of October 1800 at the hours of ten
o'clock a.m. on the oath of Joseph Kinsman before me, Benjamin
Belcher, Dep'y Reg.

(N.B. Eaton's HISTORY OF KINGS COUNTY, Page 722 - Benjamin Kinsman
was a Cornwallis grantee from Ipswich, Mass.    He died 1794, and
his widow Elizabeth Perkins died 1806. Two of their nine children
were Robert and Joseph. Samuel Brewster was a Cornwallis grantee
from Lebanon, Connecticut.)


Kings County Deeds, Book 6, Page 198 - 1820

Grantee: Graham Boles; Grantor: Josiah Sweet Rusco ( Eaton
says that Josiah Roscoe was the son of William Roscoe, who came to
Centerville from Bristol, England about 1790)
Indenture 24 April 1813 between Joseph Barnaby of Cornwallis in
Kings Co., administrator of the estate of Josiah Rusco, deceased,
and John Bols and Graham Bols, both of Cornwallis, yeomen. Bought
at public auction eighty-seven pounds, ten shillings for the whole
estate, comprising sixteen acres to the right of Silas Woodworth
in his 200 acre division:

1. Joseph Barnaby was probably the son of Stephen Barnaby and
Desiah Chappell who were married in Lebanon.
2. Silas Woodworth was the father of John Woodworth who married
Submit Newcomb, and it was the latter's son, John, who married
Margaret Bowles).
3. Josiah Roscoe (s/o William, who came to Centerville from
Bristol, England around 1790)
Boundaries: Beginning at the white ash tree standing at the s.e.
corner of said lot; from thence northerly by the highway that
leads up the North Mountain 64 rods; thence westerly     40 rods;
thence south 64 rods to Robert Kinsman's land; thence east to the
place of beginning, together with the dwelling house, hovel,
improvements, etc. Signed, etc. in presence of John Beckwith and
William Chipman.   Deputy Registrar William Campbell.  Registered
February 11, 1820.

Kings County Deeds, Book    , No. 4042, Page 1011, Registered July
20, 1827

Indenture 11 April 1827 between George Chipman, Esq., of Horton,
Sheriff of Kings County and Graham Bolls of Cornwallis in said
County, yeoman.     Purchase of lands on the Wellington Dyke
advertised in "Nova Scotia Royal Gazette" to be sold at public
auction 11 Apr 1827 for lack of payment of rates assessed for
building the dyke by Benjamin Steadman, for a bid of one hundred
twenty-six pounds, four shillings and nine pence.     The lot is a
tract of new diked marsh land, designated on Beckwith ----------
thereof as Lot E, lately owned by Benjamin Steadman, situated on
the south side of the Cunard River, bounded northeasterly by said
Cunard River, east by Lot Letter S, owned by James Allison, Esq.,
southerly by the upland, late the property of said Benjamin
Steadman, westerly by a running dyke and north by lot letter     ?Q
owned by Peter Fox, containing eight acres, one quarter and seven
rods of land, more or less. Signed etc. in presence of John C.
Hall and C.H. Rand.     Proved by C.H. Rand and entered on the
records for Cornwallis 17 July 1827.      William Campbell, deputy

No. 3644: This indenture made the tenth day of October in the year
of our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and Fourteen (1814) between
Joseph Barnaby of Cornwallis in the county of Kings and Province
of Nova Scotia yeoman of the one part and Graham Boles of
Cornwallis aforesaid of the other part Witnesseth that the said
Joseph Barnaby for and in consideration of the sum of Twenty Five
Pounds in hand paid by Graham Boles on the part aforesaid hath
bargained and sold etc....a certain tract of parcel of land
situate being and lying on the side of the North Mountain in said
Cornwallis and is bounded as follows:
Beginning at Stephen Porter's South East corner in Elias Tupper's
line the line runs South Seventy Eight degrees West Forty Rods on
said Porters line to a stake then South twelve degrees East One
Hundred Rods down the mountain more or less to John English's line
then East Forty Rods more or less to Chappel's South East corner
then North twelve degrees West One Hundred and Four Rods to the
place of beginning, containing 26 acres more or less etc....
signed by Joseph Barnaby in Cornwallis on 10 Oct 1814. Witnesses:
John Boles and John Rockwell. Frances Barnaby relinquished her
rights to the property in presence of William Allen Chipman.
Received 8 Jan 1824 and registered in Cornwallis records 1 May
1824 by Wm Campbell, Dep. Registrar.

No 3645: Pg 154/55. Indenture in March 1824 between William Allen
Chipman of Cornwallis and Ann Chipman, his wife and Thomas Wight
James as Executer to the Last Will and Testament of the late James
Collupy of Halifax, deceased,....the said William Allen Chipman
for and in consideration of the sum of 1000 pounds...paid by the
said Thomas Wight James (ie Chipman was selling the land, probably
on behalf of some of his parishioners) the following farm lots:
Number one: All that farm or tract of land now occupied by James
Lyons on the North Mountain bounded on the West by the highway
leading to Baxter's Harbour so called, on the South by land owned
by John Rand, on the North by the land owned by the Heirs of the
late Zadock Bennett and on the East by land owned by Stephen West
and others containing 200 acres more or less. Also
Number two: All that farm or tract of land occupied by Robert
Lyons situate on a Branch of the Cornwallis River and lays on both
sides of the Road leading from Silas Rand's (by Condon's mill so
called) to the Annapolis Road bounded on the West by land owned by
John Worth, on the North by land owned by Joseph Ward, on the East
by the land of William Wood and on the South by other lands owned
by the said William Allen Chipman containing 126 acres, more or
 (note: William Allan Chipman live in the Somerset area.     Silas
Rand had a son, Silas Tertius Rand, who was a minister to the
Indians. Benjamin Congdon married in North Kingston, R.I.
Elizabeth Sweet, and settled at Cornwallis in 1764.
 There is more to this deed, but I had copied only the one page
because of Graham Boles' purchase, not realizing that the name of
Lyons was here. Susan Shaw Bowles's parents were Isaiah Shaw and
Sarah Lyons... Robert Lyons was a brother to Thomas R. Lyons, and
therefore, Sarah's uncle. William Allen Chipman was the Baptist
minister in Pleasant Valley, near present day Berwick. Robert was
married to Elizabeth Skinner, a sister to Ann Skinner, who married
Robert's brother Thomas R. Lyons. (2 sisters married 2 brothers,
no doubt all Baptists.)

No. 4626, pg 141-143. 6 July 1831.
     Elisha DeWolfe and his wife Margaret of Horton, sold for 325
pounds to Graham Boles of Cornwallis, ...all that farm tracts and
parcels of land in Cornwallis, lately occupied by Hugh Kerr and
the same whereon the same Graham Boles now resides, bounded and
described as follows: The homestead lot beginning at a soft maple
tree standing at the North West corner of land owned by William
Pineo (Note: was it his son, Isaiah Shaw Pineo who married
Elizabeth Bowles, d/o Graham? The Pineos were a Hugenot family who
came to Bristol R.I., following the Edict of Nantes, and then to
Lebanon, and then to Cornwallis) thence North 75 degrees East 18
Rods thence North 82 degrees East 6 Rods thence North 71 degrees
East 20 Rods thence South 76 degrees East 14 Rods thence South 30
degrees East 8 Rods and thence South 15 degrees thence North on
said Pineo's land's line 86 Rods to a white birch tree W.A.C.
degrees East 6 Rods to a white birch tree marked W.A.C. thence
West 195 Rods to the North West corner of James Condon's lot laid
on him the year 1799, thence South 185 Rods to the North line of
the Marshman farm now owned by Henry Best (note: could this be the
one who married Margaret Boles, dau of Graham?) and others, thence
South 85 degrees East 10 Rods to the NE corner of said Marshman
farm thence North nine Rods and eleven links thence East 135 Rods
and twenty links to Cornwallis River, thence Northerly and
Easterly by said River to the South West corner of William Pineo's
land first mentioned, thence North 2 Rods and 10 links to the
place of beginning containing one hundred and sixty four acres
(164) more or less,... also another lot bounded as follows:
beginning on a course North 85 degrees West 10 Rods distant from
the NE corner of said Marshman farm thence North 95? Rods until it
comes to the NE corner of the fifty acre lot laid out to James
Condon in the year 1800, thence West 94 Rods until it comes to the
North line of the Marshman land , thence Easterly on the said
Marshman line to the place of beginning, containing fifty acres
more or less. Also, one other tract of land situate on the North
side of Cornwallis River bounded and described as follows:
Beginning at the NW corner of a lot laid out to Abraham Buskirk
thence East 105 Rods to the North of said Buskirk's lot to a lot
laid out to Peter (Meher ?) thence North by said Meher's lot 92
Rods to a stake thence West 110 Rods, thence South 92 Rods thence
East 5 Rods to the place of beginning, containing fifty seven
  Also one other lot situate in Cornwallis called the Cox lot
formerly laid out to Abraham Van Buskirk on the right of James
Condon aforesaid, bounded thus:
Beginning at the NW corner of said Condon's land and runs West 4
Rods to a spruce tree marked A.V.B. thence North 90 Rods to a
poplar tree marked A.V.B. then East 178 Rods to a spruce tree
marked A.V.B. then South 90 Rods to said Condon's land then West
by said land to the plan of beginning with a reserve for highways
if needed containing one hundred acres (100) more or less, also
all that tract or ---- of uplands lying on the North side of the
Cornwallis River bounded on the East by the road South by line of
(?sold ) by said DeWolfe to Alexander McPhail and North by the
South line of the ---- lot of lands herein sold to Graham Boles
etc.    Dated 6 July 1831. Witnesses: Elisha DeWolfe Jr and John

(Notes: 1. If I've read this correctly, Graham Boles -if it is all
the same Graham Boles - bought a total of 321 acres from Elisha
DeWolf in this transaction, part of which would have run along the
Cornwallis River, near it's origin.

     2.Judge Elisha DeWolf, (b. 1756) s/o Nathan, m. Margaret, d/o
Capt Thomas and Desire (Gore) Ratchford.    They had 12 children,
including a son, Thomas (b. 1795) who married Nancy Ratchford, d/o
Col James and Mary (Crane) Ratchford. See Eaton's Hx of Kings, pg.
     3. Alexander McPhail is listed in the 1861 census as living
in Centerville.)

There was also a land grant made to Alexander Bowls and others in
1813- 450 acres near the Musquodoboit River in Halifax County.
This may have been at the time Rev Hugh Graham, Presbyterian
minister at the Chipman Corner church, moved to the Stewiake area,
as I found one reference that many of his parishioners followed
him. It is unknown if any of his children moved there, but it is
unlikely that Alexander and Elizabeth did, as they are buried at
Chipman Corner.   Perhaps it was sold?   The above record (#4626)
shows that Graham Boles, our ancestor, bought land in Kings
(Note: check Halifax County deeds?)


Alexander and Elizabeth Candlish Bols (Boles/Bowles) had eight
children, all recorded in the Cornwallis Township Records. Does
this mean that the family were living in Cornwallis Township as
early as 1774, or did they simply decide to register their births
after the fact?? It is interesting to see that all the children's
names are spelled "Bowls" with the exception of the first, who has
her name spelled like Alexander spelled his. Perhaps this is the
origin of the change in spelling of the name.
     The Parish of St John Cornwallis records list the dates of
birth of the children of "Alexander Bolls and Elizabeth, his
     I will now attempt to list the descendants of each of these
children,   and will reference each subsequent family branch by
number to each of these eight. The dates of birth are taken from
Eaton's History of Kings county, and that of Graham Bowles is
confirmed by his obituary in the Presbyterian Witness, whihc is
why I am tending to believe a secondary source rather that the
CTR.   It is possible that I mad a transcription mistake, but
unlikely that I made so many.

I.    MARY JANE BOLS b. 4 March 1774 (1779?) m. William NESBIT.

II.   MARGARET BOWLS b.22 August 1777 (1779?) m.JOHN WOODWORTH Jr.

III. SARAH BOWLS   b. 22 October 1778   m. ELIAKIM TUPPER.

IV.   WILLIAM BOWLS b. 28 February 1780, m. PRUDENCE ROCKWELL.

V.   ALEXANDER BOWLS b. 28 February 1780 (1792?) d. 25 November
1780 Twin to William.

VI.   JOHN BOWLS b. 5 November 1782 (1792?) m. MARGARET WEBSTER.

VII. ELIZABETH BOWLS b.25 November 1784(1794?) m. ELIAS TUPPER Jr.

VIII.GRAHAM BOWLS b. 1 November 1788 (1799?) m. ALICE NEWCOMB.

The dates in brackets I copied from CTR, and I think there are
errors in either how I copied them, or how they were originally
recorded in the CTR. If they were all born in Scotland, it may be
that these dates were supplied at some later date to the township
clerk, when a vital stats law required it, but this is only a

Now I will give more detail on each of these children:

I. MARY JANE BOLS ( 4 March, 1774-        ) m.(1.) WILLIAM NESBIT
(1770-1855).   (Ref. Will of Alexander    Bols,   1814)  This   is
without much question, the William Nesbit who is buried in the old
Covenanter churchyard at Grafton, Kings County. He died 1855 at
age 85 so would have been born 1770. There is a Mary Nesbit also
listed here but she died 1861 at the age of 54, so must have been
a daughter to Mary and William. Eleanor Tree of Grafton sent me a
history of Grafton written by Joan Balcolm, in which it states
that Grafton was first inhabited in 1780. The following is quoted
from her article in the Chronicle Herald 13 April 1966:
  "Several families from the highlands of Scotland obtained land
grants and settled in the central part of the Cornwallis (now
Annapolis) Valley, and the adjacent portion of the North Mountain.
Among the names of these pioneer families were Bligh, Buckley,
Lawson, White, Illsley, and Foote.
     One William Nesbit, a pioneer, was given a tract of land
extending from the top of the North Mountain, southerly into the
Valley for a distance of two miles. This grant formed the greater
part of what is now known as the Kings County community of
Grafton. In the early days, these stout Scottish settlers found a
great tractless forest, covering valey and mountain.      A nearby
settlement of friendly Indians, at what is now called Cambridge,
still exists. Although the settlers lost no time erecting crude
log cabins, roofed with birch bark, their hardships were many and
their pleasures simple ones.
     With the coming of the Loyalists the Nesbit estate was
redistributed. One of the settlers on this tract was an energetic
man named Jonathan Newcombe who, it is said, moved his belongings
to Grafton in two tubs attached to poles, which were fastened to
either side of the saddle. Mr Newcombe was industrious as well as
an extremely ingenious man. He damned the village stream and soon
established a mill for sawing logs and for grinding grain".
* check out land grant to William Nesbit.

                    (2) DAVID PORTER. (Probate Adm. B43, 1841)
     David may have been the son of Stephen Porter and grandson of
Simeon Porter.

     I.A. Rebecca Nesbit m.1824 John Robinson Coleman (1799- 1871)
A John Coleman of Smith's Cove, Digby County died 1822, age 85.
Unknown of it was a relative of this John Coleman, but it is a
possiblity. The Stayner collection at the Public Archives has a
John R. Coleman listed who died 1872 at Cornwallis. (mf 805)
          I.A.1. John Nesbit Coleman M.P. (1824-1899). m. Harriett
          French. Children:
                I.A.1.a. Charles R. Coleman
                I.A.1.b. Harry W. Coleman
          I.A.2. Elizabeth Ann Coleman b. 1826 m. 1857 Asael Bill
          I.A.3. Frances Rebecca Coleman b. 1828 m. William Noyes
     of Boston.
          I.A.4. Thomas Edward Coleman b. 1831 m. Eliza McKinley
     of Niagara, Ontario county, and d. in Grafton, Kings
     County in 1900. Elizabeth (McGee) Rand suggests to me that
Eliza McKinley was a sister of her grandmother White.
                I.A.4.a. Frederick Coleman. Res. Grafton.
                I.A.4.b. Mary R. Coleman b. 7 Mar.1857, Cheppewa,
On. She married 29 Oct. 1887 at Grafton, N.S. (1) Robert Nesbit.
They had a son, Hugh Nesbit. (2) John Newcombe of Grafton, who was
born 26 Oct. 1863 in West Cornwallis, N.S.          Res. Tompkins,
Saskatchewan. No children.
                    IA.4.b.i     Hugh   Nesbit     returned   from
Saskatchewan and married Mary McFall. They had 3 children: John,
Robert, and Margaret. They all went back to the west, yet must
have returned as Hugh and Mary are buried in Berwick.
In 1995, Elizabeth McGee Rand of Port Williams wrote me in respect
to this family. She said:
"My grandmother White's sister married a Coleman of Grafton. They
had a daughter, (Mary Coleman), who married     ______ Nesbitt and
had a son Hugh. Mary married a second time to John Newcombe of
Grafton, and all went to Saskatchewan. Hugh Nesbitt came back to
N.S. and married Mary McFall of Somerset. They had three children
-John, Robert and Margaret -all went back to the West. There are
no Nesbitts left and no Colemans of that family. Hugh and Mary
Nesbitt are buried in Berwick".
     The Halifax Chronicle Herald 25 April 1958 p. 15 listed the
death of a Dr Mary McFall Nesbitt, wife of Hugh Nesbitt (unknown
as yet if he was one of family of William and Mary Jane Nesbit but
the likelihood is high.    However, it would have to be the next
generation from I.B.) who died suddenly at Scranton, PA., while
returning to N.S. She was "the only daughter of Rev. Thomas McFall
B.D. of Somerset, pastor of the Cornwallis Coveanter church and of
Mrs Anna Lyons McFall"".    She was born in Somerset 75 years ago
(1873). Graduated from Women's Medical College PA.     I wonder if
she ever practised medicine in Nova Scotia? This was not an age
when many women became doctors.

          I.A.5. Marietta Coleman (b. 1835) m. Henry White. Res.
          I.A.6. Adelaide Coleman b.1835 m. Hiram Marshall, of
     Clarence, Annapolis County. Res. Lakeville.
          I.A.7. Joseph William Coleman b. 1837 d. unm. in 1905
          I.A.8. James Anderson Coleman M.D., (1839 - 1896) m.
Anna Maria d/o Henry Bentley and Ina Mary (Barclay) Webster of
Kentville. Henry Bentley Webster was s/o Isaac Webster M.D.and
Prudence Bentley. Ina Barclay was from Shelburne. Dr Coleman
graduated in medicine at Harvard University, practised first in
Shelburne County, and then at Granville Ferry, Annapolis County,
where he died.
          A sister of Anna Maria Webster, Fanny C. Webster,
married W.H.Chase, merchant of Wolfville.
                I.A.8.a. Edith Coleman
          I.A.7. Margaret Blanche Coleman b. 1841 d. 1860 at
John R. Coleman, according to Eaton, was born 1799 @ Sackville
N.S. d. 1871 @ Lakeville, s/o Michael Coleman) He settled in 1820
at Lakeville. The 1861 census for Lakeville lists a John N. (?)
Coleman with 5 in the family.

     I.B. Hugh Nesbit d. 1869*     m. 1839 Elizabeth (Eliza Ann)
Harvey * who died 1886 at the age of 39 (ie.b. 1847)
The Stayner Collection at the Public Archives in Halifax has the
marriage (1839) of Hugh Nesbitt of Cornwallis to Eliza Ann Harvey
(N 12736)

     PANS vert MSS file named "Woodworth, John E." contains a copy
of a paper written in by John E. Woodworth called "In Pioneer
Days". It was borrowed on 14 Sept. 1963 from "Mrs Hugh Nesbitt",
obviously NOT the above mentioned woman, as she died 1958.     Yet
another generation of Hugh Nesbits??

     I.C. Elizabeth Nesbit A son of Benjamin Burgess 2 (Seth 1),
     Stephen Burgess (1792-1879) m.(1821) Elizabeth Nesbit and
res. in Lakeville. They had 10 children. See Burgess Genealogy
     1941. And Eaton’s History of Kings County page 593. Stephen
was the son of Benjamin Burgess and Abigail Hovey, and the
grandson of Seth Burgess.    My Thankful Burgess (mother of Alice
Newcomb who married Hugh Graham Bowles) was a sister to Benjamin,
so Alice and Stephen were first cousins.
          I.C.1. William Burgess
          I.C.2. Mary Ann Burgess
          I.C.3. Charles Rufas Burgess
          I.C.4. John N. Burgess
          I.C.5. John “Edwin” Burgess
          I.C.6. Frederick Burgess
          I.C.7. Abigail Burgess
          I.C.8. Joseph Burgess
          I.C.9. George Owen Burgess M.D.
          I.C.10 Stephen Chalmers Burgess b. 1835
I wonder if Rachel Burgess, the eldest d/o Earl Burgess of
Lakeville, who married 1862 at first Baptist Church, Upper Canard,
Ezra Churchill, was the daughter of one of these? Blomindon Inn
in Wolfville, was built by a shipbuilder who I think was a son of
Earl Burgess.

Eaton (pg. 722) in his write up on the Kinsman family, says that
Ezekiel, son of Nathaniel Kinsman, married 1812 as his second
wife, Mary, daughter of John and Rebecca Nesbitt. So perhaps John
is yet another son of this Nesbitt family.
Eaton (pg. 639) in his write up on the Dickie family, says that
the wife of Matthew Dickie (the founder of the Dickie family in
N.S.) was Janet Nisbet, “who belonged to the brave old race of
Covenanters”. It is conceivable that Janet was related to William
Nesbitt, but this is speculation. If they were related, it point
to the origin of William Nesbit, as Eaton says that the Dickie
family came from Londonderry, Ireland about 1765, and settled in
Cumberland county, and later “crossed Minas Basin” and settled in
Cornwallis township. Many of the family are buried at Chipman’s
Corner (where the Bowles are buried too).         This information
increases the probability that the Bowles were Scotch-Irish, and
this would mean that Alexander Bowles settled in the area, and all
his children were born there, starting in 1774.
       Robert Nesbit b.1850 d. 1882 (note: Robert would be too old
to be a son of Hugh's but was born too late to be a son of Mary
Jane. Unknown how he fits in the picture at this point.
                There was a William Nesbitt     Esq., who received
land grants in both Truro and Londonderry. Until 1840, land West
of the Township of Londonderry was considered part of Kings
County. Again, one wonders about the Ulster "Scots". In 1769, a
William Nesbitt petitioned for land on behalf of James, Joseph,
and Alex Finlay.     James and Joseph had occupied lands of Col.
McNutt until disturbed by the Indians. Memorial for 3 shares or
rights at Point Econome.
       A William Nesbit is also listed as receiving a land grant at
Horton, 3 Aug 1767 500 acres. The name of William Nesbitt is also
mentioned in      a land grant at River St Croix (Scoodic),
Passamaquoddy Bay in 1784, along with Benjamin Burgess, and Samuel
Osborne. Given the connection of the names of Burgess and Osborne
with Kings county families, this William Nesbit may well be our
      Eaton's History of Kings County mentions that the Attorney
General's name was Nesbitt.       However, "Sketches of Attorney
Generals of N.S." by Hon. John Doull, 1964, says that this man
left no male heirs, so he was obviously not closely connected with
the William Nesbit who married Mary Jane Bols.
The Attorney General, William Newbitt, died 1784 at the age of 77.
He was a clerk to Lord Cornwallis at the founding of Halifax in
John Duncanson’s History of Falmouth mentions a William Nesbitt in
his account of the Boyd family.
           The 1861 census for Somerset lists a Hugh Nesbit with 4
in the family, 12 names away from a Thomas Coleman. In the same
abstract (no. 11) is a William Wilkinson with 2 in the family,
between the ages of 70 and 80. These are likely the grandparents
of Elizabeth Allison who married, as his first wife, George
Bowles.(see VIII.I below).
PANS MG 1, Vol 1175 has a letter written to one Robert D. Nesbit
of Brooklyn, N.Y., who was searching out his Nova Scotian Nesbit
roots.    His grandfather was Herbert Arthur Nesbit, born around
1878 in Nova Scotia. It was the opinion of the writer that he was
a son of John Nisbett b. around 1839 and his wife Emily, of
Halifax and said that John may have been the son of James Nisbett
b. around 1817 in Scotland. (The Stayner collection mentions a
John H. Nesbitt who died 1892 at age 53). The writer goes on to
say that there "appears to be a much earlier family in N.S. of
. On 4 June 1750 - William Nesbett received "vicualls" along with
many other settlers,
. Archibald Nesbitt - Shelburne land grants 1785 (north of lake
. May 1834 - Townships of New Dublin, Lunenburgh, and Chester -
William Nisbet Esq. 1000 acres.
      W. Nesbet and Ferguson & Co. - 10,000 acres near to Dublin
. Census Halifax Co. 1871 lists:
Elizabeth Nesbit, age 20, b. N.S., Wesleyan.
John Nesbett, age 32, b. N.S., Presbyterian. Scotch origin
      Emily, age 31
      George A., age 3
      John F., age 1
James Nesbett, age 54, b.Scotland, Presbyterian
      Martha, age 55, b. N.S., English
      Lydia, age 28
      William, age 17
      John, age 7
. Census Halifax 1860
James Nisbett -5 in family . 3 males/2 females
Dorothy - 7 in family. 4 males/3 females
Adelaide - 2 in family. 1 male/1 female
      The Stayner collection also lists a Robert Nesbitt who died
1785 age 60 (St. Paul’s Cemetery) and a Richard A. Nesbit who died
1890 at age 59. Also Mary Nesbit, wid. Thos. Died 1851 age 71.
      The Index for Births in N.S. (1864-1877) says that during
this time there were 27 Nesbitt births in N.S., 13 in Cape Breton,
7 in Halifax, and 6 in Digby. So it was a name that did not last
long in Kings County.
      Stephen Porter is mentioned in a land grant (above #4042) so
would have been a neighbour of the Graham Bols (Jr) family.
According to Eaton (pg. 781), he was the son of Simeon and Sarah
Porter who came to Cornwallis from Connecticut.         Their son,
Stephen, was born 6 June 1764 in Cornwallis, so they would have
been Planters. Stephen Porter m. Ruby----, and had 12 children,
including David Porter, b. 24 April 1792. This is unlikely whom
Mary Jane Bols was married to, as the age difference was 18 years,
but it is possible.
II. MARGARET BOLES (22 Aug 1777-3 Jan. 1864, Bridgetown, N.S.) m.
14 Nov. 1809 to JOHN WOODWORTH JR (1779-1827), s/o John (1749-
1816) and Submit (Newcomb) Woodworth. (CTR) Res. Cornwallis.
A John Woodworth (1 Nov. 1827) is buried at Chipman Corner, age
41, but is this the right John Woodworth.       His date of birth
suggests not.
Margaret is buried in the Riverside cemetery in Bridgetown, N.S.,
so it appears that after her husband died (note: she had 3 small
children when he died), she moved to Bridgetown.      It is quite
possible that the move there came after her daughter married
Hanson Chesley of Bridgetown.
     Eaton says that Benjamin Newcomb (b. ca 1700 in Edgartown,
Martha's Vinyard), father of Submit Newcomb Woodworth, was a son
of Simon and Deborah Newcomb.        Benjamin Newcomb m. Hannah
(probably Clark), and came from Lebanon, Connecticut, to
Cornwallis, in 1761, but after 1775, removed to Sunbury County,
New Brunswick, where they died.

John and Margaret (Bols) Woodworth had three children:

     II.A. William Woodworth Esq. (b. 13 October 1810 d. 30 May
1893 @ Bridgetown, N.S.).       Buried in Riverside cemetary,
Bridgetown, next to his mother.

     II.B. John Bowles Woodworth (15 Sept.1812-March 1859) m. 1841
Mary Ann Caldwell(1826-1905),d/o John Marshall Caldwell and Sarah
Ann Kinsman. Sarah was a d/o Ezekiel and Mary Nesbit Kinsman of
Kentville. Buried Lakeville Presbyterian.
Mary Ann married (2) 1862, Dr Jonathan Borden (1807-1875), and had
2 more children. Eaton, says of Dr Borden "long one of the most
important physicians in the county".
Dr Borden married first, 14 May 1847, Mary F. Brown, and had one
son, who became the Hon. Frederick William Borden BA, MD,    MPP.
Children of John C. Woodworth and Mary Ann Caldwell:
          II.B.1. Margaret Ann Woodworth (1842-1933, Canard)
Buried Lakeville.
          II.B.2. Thomas Caldwell Woodworth b. 1844 m. Julia, d/o
     Abner Tilden Jr; One son lived in Charlestown, MA.,
     carpenter and builder.
          II.B.3.   John    Candlish  Woodworth   b.1846   m.1868,
Kentville, Prudence Morton (?Martin), and twice since.     Phillip
Thorpe’s data gives her name as Martin, d/o James and Elizabeth
               II.B.3.a. Harry Fenwick Woodworth b. 1869, Port
          II.B.4. William Sommerville Woodworth M.D. (1848-1925).
               Graduated from Harvard and New York Polyclinic, and
was a physician in Kentville, m. 1890 (1.) Winnie (or Minnie)
Walton (1860-1892),d/o Jacob and Maria, and in 1895 (2.)1894,
Kentville, Edith Irene Eaton (1872-1936), d/o Charles Frederick
Eaton and Eliza Jane Elder. Two children:
               II.B.4.a. Ruth Edwina Woodworth (1896-1953)
               II.B.4.b.    Eric   Elder    Woodworth   (1898-1948,
Kentville) m. Edith Olding McAllister (1901, St. John, N.B.- 1981,
Halifax), d/o John McAllister and Anne wilson. Buried Oak Grove,
Kentville. Children:
                     II.B.4.b.i. Ann Woodworth m. ___ Neville,
                     II.B.4.b.ii.Carol Woodworth m. R.C. Crosby,
                     II.B.4.b.iii.Elizabeth       Woodworth      m.
D.S.Paquet, Cornwallis
                     II.B.4.b.iv. William Woodworth, Kentville

          II.B.5. Sarah Adelia Woodworth (1851-1931) m.1883 at
Upper Canard, Charles R. Dickie (1854, Boston-1927), son of David
Dickie and Catherine Howe Fellows. Charles was a merchant and
postmaster Buried Hillaton.
               II.B.5.a.Beatrice Dickie
               II.B.5.b.David   Dickie  b.   1889  m.  Marion___.
                    II.B.5.b.i. Eileen Dickie
(ref. Philip Thorpe data)

           II.B.6. Alexander Bowles Woodworth (1840-1859)
           II.B.7. Maria A. Woodworth (1847-1859)
           II.B.8. Agnes Woodworth (1854-1859)
           II.B.9. Mary J. Woodworth (1856-1859)
Note: The above three died of diptheria in 1859. Perhaps this is
also why their father, John Bowles Woodworth died in 1859 at the
age of 47.
 The following two children of Mary Ann Caldwell Woodworth and Dr
Jonathan Borden would have been step-sisters to the above
           II.B.9. Mary Frances Borden (1856-1859) Note: Philip
Thorpe seems to have her as Mary J. Woodworth.
           II.B.10. Mary Caldwell Borden

     II.C. Elizabeth Candlish Woodworth (b. 28 Aug. 1814 d.14 Jan
1883) m. Hanson Chesley, (1810-1888) s/o James and grandson of
Capt. Samuel Chesley. Hanson owed a large store in Bridgetown. He
and Elizabeth are buried in Riverside cemetery in Bridgetown next
to her mother. Children:
          II.C.1. Washington W. Chesley b. 1843 m. Hattie A.
     Porter of Lynn. 5 children, including Elizabeth, who married
Grant R. Bowles.
          II.C.2. Margaret Chesley m. John W. Ross.
          II.C.3. Elizabeth Chesley m. Lewis A. Dickie.

Ref: Chute Genealogy and Eaton's History of Kings.

The founder of the Dickey (Dickie) family was Matthew Dickie, a
linen merchant of Londonderry, Ireland, who with his family, about
1765, although intending to come to some one of the colonies now
the U.S., came instead to Cumberland County. His wife was Janet
Nisbet, who belonged to the brave old race of Covenanters. In the
same ship came the Creelmans and others, who also settled in N.S.
In a short time, they settled in Cornwallis Township, and many are
buried at Chipman's Corner.      Mary Dickie married 1803, Rev.
William Chipman.

III. SARAH BOLES ( 22 Oct 1778- 13 Nov.1852)       m. 14 Nov 1809,
(note must be 1808 as shown in Cornwallis Regiaster; first child
born 1809) ELIAKIM TUPPER Jr.(14 March 1783-4 Jan 1852)
  According to the CTR, Sarah's husband was Eliakim Tupper Jr, s/o
Elias (5) and Rachel (Porter) Tupper, and grandson to Elias(4) and
Jerusha (Sprague) Tupper of Tupperville, Annapolis County.    PANS
has a book on the Tupper Genealogy (1578-1971) by Eleanor Tupper,
published by the Tupper Family Association of America in 1972
which gives an account of this Eliakim Tupper's family,
     Elias (5) Tupper (Elias 4, Eliakim 3, Capt. Thomas 2, Thomas
1) was born in Lebanon, Conneticut about 1752, and died at
Cornwallis in 1829. Elias (5) married in Cornwallis 1769 Rachel
Porter, d/o John and Phebe Porter.(note: John Porter received a
land grant in Cornwallis in 1761).
     Elias (5) Tupper was a farmer, residing in Cornwallis "on the
North side of the Cornwallis River, 2-3 miles East of Kentville"
(must have been near where the Manning Ells poultry farm is
today). They had 13 children, including twin boys, born 14 March
1783 named Eliakim (who married Sarah Boles) and Elias (who
married Rebecca Ann Beckwith).
           Eaton says in his History of Kings (Pg 845) that the
founder of the Tupper family of Kings County was Captain Eliakim
Tupper Jr., (b. @ Sandwich Mass. 1711 m. (1734) Mary Bassett, and
d. 1761), s/o Eliakim Tupper of Sandwich, Mass., and this is no
doubt the origin of this unusual name. Eaton says " The Tupper
family is by all means one of the most remarkable families the
county has ever had, persons bearing the Tupper name or having
Tupper blood having risen to the highest positions in Canada and
elsewhere." ... "Elias Tupper (note: father of the Eliakim who
married our Sarah Boles), a brother of Eliakim Jr., of Cornwallis
(b. @ Sandwich Mass., 1715 m. (1740) Jerusha Sprague, b. 1723,
and, settled in Annapolis.(see History of Annapolis).
      A biography of the Tupper's written by William A. Tupper says
that about the year 1760, Eliakim Tupper and his brother, Elias
emigrated to Cornwallis from Connecticut.        The author is a
descendant of one of Eliakim's     children, Charles Tupper (1748-
1821) who married Elizabeth West, and raised a large family (14
children!) including Rev Charles Tupper, the father of Sir Charles
      An Eliakim Tupper tended Magee's grist mill on the mill brook
(possibly the son of Charles Tupper and Elizabeth West who's third
son, Eliakim was married to Rebecca Loomer. There are two Eliakim
Tuppers, both with 6 in the family (but one has 5 males and one
has only 3, so must be different ones) listed in the 1861 census
for Somerset.    One appears to live next to William Clem. (note:
probably Doreen Clem Bennett's ancestor), and one next to John C.
Newcomb.    A George Bowles with 5 in family, also lives in this
(I wonder if this would have been the Magee mill at Kentville).

     Eliakim and Elizabeth Tupper's son, Charles (2) could read
understandably   in   13   languages,  and   although   raised   a
Presbyterian, (the Tupper parents were "both exemplary members of
the Presbyterian church, Rev. Hugh Graham, Pastor") in 1798,
"became a Baptist but not a bigot". Most of his family followed
him into the Baptist faith, except Francis and Augustus. William
eventually became an Episcopalian, and Nathan a Methodist.
Francis did not profess religion until late in life but went to
the Methodist church with his wife. Augustus eventually became a
Cambellite Baptist. Charles eventually became a Baptist minister,
and was the father of Sir Charles Tupper.     In the biography of
William A. Tupper, he states:
" Elias Tupper, (note: the Elias [1752-1829] who married Rachel
Porter) I always understood he was a cousin of my grandfather
(Eliakim) lived long since my recollection on the North side of
the Cornwallis River. Some two or three miles East of Kentville, a
road runs down South half a mile more or less from Belcher Street
to the buildings.   I suppose he was the son of Elias who was a
brother to my grandfather (Note: This is a correct supposition,
being the son of the Elias Tupper [1715-1800] who married Jerusha
Sprague, and lived in Tupperville, Annapolis County). I had but
little acquaintance with the family. A few of the name lived on
Halls Harbour Mountain, and in other parts of Cornwallis - they
seemed to have died or removed elsewhere. I suppose they sprung
from that family - but have nearly all gone out of my knowledge
(Note: I wonder if this would have been around where the Webster
or Ells farms were on Belcher street, when I lived in Port
Williams: 1946-1967)
Children of Eliakim and Sarah (Boles) Tupper were:
      III.A. Jerusha S. Tupper b. 13 Sep. 1808; Res West Conneaut,
      Wis. (Ohio?). (note must be 1809 and parents m. 1808 as shown
in Cornwallis Register)
      III.B. Alexander Cochrane Tupper b. 12 (19) Jan. 1812,
probably at     Cornwallis; d. 10 Jan 1876. On 10 Aug 1841 m. (1)
Hannah     Morton (1820-1853), d/o Guy and Judith (Morse) Morton.
On 22      Nov. 1854, he m. (2) Lavinia Morton, sister to his first
      Alexander was a farmer and mill owner; res. Lake George,
Kings      County, N.S.
Guy Morton was the s/o Major Lemuel Morton M.P.P., and Martha d/o
John and Mercy Newcomb.      The Morton family probably came from
Dartmouth, MA.
 Children by his first marriage:
           III.B.1. Alice Maria Tupper b. 1844 m. James Barkhouse;
      res Lake Paul and Aylesford. Children (recheck Tupper
      Genealogy) * :
                III.B.1.a. Bertha Barkhouse m. 16 Dec 1890, George
           S. Lutz, s/o Rufus and Margaret (Clem) Lutz. 6
      children: (Ref. Pearl Sanders).
                     III.B.1.a.i. Azie Elvison Lutz (18 Jul 1894-
26                   Dec 1955) m. Florence Palmer. 16 children!
                     (Cessie, Bertha, Carrie, Doris, Helen,
           Margaret, Marie, Carleton, Rose, Whitney,
      Harding, Ronald, Janice, Robert, Carolyn,
                     III.B.1.a.ii. Malby Lutz m. Edna Tufts. 5
                children: Ethel, Marion, Carrol, Pearl, Daisy.
                     III.B.1.a.iii. Doran Lutz m. Dora Joudrey. 9
                children: Violet, Annie, Earle, Vincent,
           Beatrice, Joyce, Reginald, Mona, Cheryl.
                     III.B.1.a.iv. Alvin Berton Lutz m. 17 Oct
1917                 Flossie Lamb. 6 children: Austin, Russell,
                     Carson, Hillman, Thelma, Erma.
                          III.B.1.a.v. Earland Lutz m. Esther
Joudrey. 15 children: Lena, Lewis, Ina, Gordon, George, Stanley,
Barbara, Shirley, Emmerson, Ruth, Lillian, Elizabeth, Russell,
Hilda, Phillip.

           Elvie Lutz (female) Unmarried.

     Children by his second marriage:
          III.B.2. Ardant Lakeland Tupper b. 1857 d. 1871
          III.B.3. Ambrose Cameron Tupper b. 1858 m.         Susan
Loveless       Craven. res. Springfield, MA.
               III.B.3.a. Ida Tupper b. 1897 m. Owen Stone. res.
          Springfield and Lynn MA.
          III.B.4. Elysia Woodland Tupper b. 1860 d.
          III.B.5. Avret Guy Tupper b. 1863 d. 1937 m. (1)
          H. Elliott and (2) Annie Sanders. res. Springfield,
          Goshen, and Williamsburg MA., and after 1934,
          Kingston, N.S. He was a blacksmith. Two children
     died in childhood.
          III.B.6. Judith Desiah Tupper b. 1867 d. 1891 at
     Springfield MA.; m. Frederick Noble Hudson.

     III.C. Elizabeth Mary Tupper b.18 Oct. 1814; res. California
     III.D. Margaret Rebekah Tupper b.26 Mar. 1817; res. Ohio.
     III.E. Martha Nesbit Tupper b.1 Nov. 1819; res. West
Conneaut, Ohio.
     III.F. Rachel Tupper b.18 Apr. 1821; res. California.

Small wonder that we lost touch with this branch, as most of them
moved to the U.S.    However, there are probably some descendants
from the Lake George branch still around. *

IV. WILLIAM BOLES (sic) BOWLES ( 28 Feb 1780-15 July 1829 age 40)
m. 3 Jan 1806,(CTR) PRUDENCE ROCKWELL (1779- 1858) d/o Joseph and
Lydia (d/o Stephen Barnaby) Rockwell (CTR).
     William was a twin to Alexander. He died July 1820, and is
buried next to his parents in the Chipman Corner cemetery. Res.
A William Boles is listed in Dr. Marble’s work as having died 14
Aug. 1830 at Cornwallis.     Wife- Prudence. (Reel 19, 712 (A).
Given his wife’s name is the same, one would think it this man,
and believe Marble’s work was on Probate records.
     14 Aug 1830 - Adm. Prudence Boles, relict of the late Wm
Boles, Gideon Rockwell, and John Boles. Was the latter William's
The 1830 date also fits with the fact their youngest daughter,
Margaret, was born in 1824.

  The children of William and Prudence Bowles as listed in Eaton's
History of Kings County, p. 583, were as follows:

                                                 IV.A.        Mary
Bowles, b. 20 November 1806

     IV.B. Jerusha Bowles, b. 7 July 1808
     IV.C. Elizabeth Bowles, b. 22 April 1810 d. 15 Mar. 1886. S.
Franey says that she was probably the Elizabeth Bowles who
married, as his second wife, William Bowles Masters, who was born
24 May 1801, son of Abraham Masters and Elizabeth Seaborn Wolfe
Woodworth. Buried in Billtown. Res. in Centreville. Masters first
wife was Sarah Newcomb (died 1832). Three children.
          IV.C.1. Richard A. Masters (1848-1923 at Melvern Square)
m.1889 (Presbyterian) Anna E. Masters. Res. Kentville. Anna was
d/o Charles Masters and Charlotte Catherine Morse.
 Buried Oak grove, Kentville.
  William Masters was the brother of Shubael Baker Masters who
married Pamelia Bowles (see VI.E)
          IV.C.2. William Edwin Masters (1835-1910)- (from Philip
Thorpe’s data. He married Rebecca Ann Eaton b. 1838, d/o Abijah
Athearn Eaton and Deborah Coffin. Buried Billtown Baptist.
               IV.C.2.a. George Andrew Masters b. ~1865
               IV.C.2.b. Inace Ralph Masters b. ~1867
               IV.C.2.c. Grace DeV. Masters b. ~1870
               IV.C.2.d. Eugene Campbell Masters b. ~1874
               IV.C.2.e. John Gustave Masters b. ~1877

          IV.C.3. Helen Lucilla Masters      n.   1840   m.   Samuel
Royal.(P.Thorpe data) Buried Billtown.

     IV.D. Joseph Rockwell Bowles, b. 4 July 1812 d. 2 Dec 1874 of
     consumption. (KDR & Probate B-80) He married Mary    ? (1819-
1892) and res. Centerville. 1861 census for Centreville shows him
with 6 in the family, living 5 names away from his brother,
Campbell Bowles.
 KDR Pg115 #182,1874 Bowles, Joseph R. - at Centerville, of
consumption, age 62, born Cornwallis, s/o William and Prudence.
Farmer. Informant: Thad. Bowles.
     The death of Mary Bowles, widow of the late Joseph Bowles, is
listed in the Presbyterian Witness, 26 Nov. 1892.     she died 14
Nov. at Centerville at the age of 73.
Kings Wills:1874-1890 Jas. R. Bowles. pg ?49 . To son, Thaddeus;
to wife Mary; to son William Edward; to daughter, Augusta Olivia
     Joseph and Mary Bowles had Five children:

          IV.D.1. THADDEUS Somerton Bowles (1844 -1921) m. (1)at
     Cornwallis Baptist, 7 Mar. 1873 Annie T.Barnaby (d. 1902)of
Canard, d/o John Barnaby and Harriett Cogswell.
     Harriett Cogswell was the d/o John and Ruth (Eaton) Cogswell,
and grandaughter of Capt. Mason Cogswell b. 1750 Lebanon, CT. The
Cogswell family lived at Upper Dyke Village.
Thaddeus Bowles married   (2)2   Dec.   1903   Willie   Masters   Banks
Beckwith b. ~1864.

KMR #30 BOWLES, THADEUS S. Pg.53, 7 March 1872, age 28, born and
Res. Centerville, s/o Joseph & Mary B., m. Annie Barnaby, 29, Res.
Canard, d/o Joe? & Harriett B. Rev Kempton.   Baptist.

Probate b-130 says that Annie R. Bowles of Centerville d. 20 Nov
Probate B-229 says that Thaddeus S. Bowles of Centerville d. 9 May

               IV.D.1.a. Joseph Austen Bowles. d. 4 April 1875 .

KDR Pg129 #255,1875 Bowles, Joseph Austin - age 1, at Centerville,
"Burnt",    child of Thad. and Annie Bowles, farmer.           The
Presbyterian Witness 10 Apr. 1875 also lists the death of this
child who died "Sunday, as the result of a scalding".
               IV.D.1.b. Henri Barnaby Bowles b. 1875
               IV.D.1.c. Lee Cogswell Bowles b. 1882
Probate records for Thaddeus (1921) also list a Grandson, Gordon
Henri Bowles.
               IV.D.1.d. Isabella Ellis Bowles b. ~1871 d. 1878 in

          IV.D.2. EDWARD Perry Bowles M.D. (1845-1912) m. 21 Sept
1875 to Marian Morse. Dr Bowles d. 19 Nov 1912 (Probate B-142).
He was the mayor of Wolfville in 1893/94.
KMR #91 BOWLES, EDWARD PERRY   88 Sept 21,1875, age 30, Physician
in Wolfville, s/o   Jos (?IV.D)& Mary m. (1)1875 Marian Rosina
Morse, 27, 3rd d/o Samuel & Charlotte. Baptist, Canning. Rev
Neily. The     Presbyterian Witness also lists their marriage at
Cornwallis Township but seems to list a second marriage in 23 June
1900 edition:
Dr Edwin P. Bowles of Wolfville to Evangeline Durfee (1870-1922)
of Shelburne.   Probate records give Evangeline D. Bowles as his
wife. Also children:
               IV.D.2.a.Marion L. Bowles b. 1884
               IV.D.2.b.Edward Bowles b. 1876

          Note: When my Aunt Nellie Bishop was born, "old Dr
Bowles" was said to be the doubt this man.
Probate record of 1922 of Evangeline Bowles lists her heirs as
nephew Albert Bruce Durfee, sister Jospehine Cox, niece Evangeline
Cox, and Mable Dixon.

          IV.D.3. JAMES A. Bowles (Aug 1848 17 Mar 1849) Infant.
          IV.D.4. AUGUSTA Olevia Bowles ca 1851 m. Newton Alfred
Eaton, s/o Leonard and Betsy Eaton.

KMR #60 BOWLES, AUGUSTA Pg.198, 1887      - d/o Joseph/Mary of
Centerville. m. Newton Eaton of Lr Canard, s/o Leonard and Betsy.
Note: Would this be a relation of the Eaton twins of Lower Cunard
(Leonard and Robert)?
The Presbyterian Witness 25 June 1887 announced their marriage on
22 June.

          IV.D.5. WILLIAM M.(?E) Bowles (Oct 1853 - 17 Aug 1864)
     In the will of Joseph Bowles, he left $100 to his son William
Edward, and $100 plus a cow to his daughter, Augusta Oliva.

      IV.E. Pamela (?Pamelia) Bowles, b. 31 January 1815 (twin) d.
      18 May 1866. m. Shubael B. Masters b. 1806, s/o Abraham and
      Elizabeth (Woodworth) Masters.
Shubeal had a brother, William Bowles Masters (b. 1801) who
married (1) Sarah Newcomb (2) Elizabeth Bowles (see IV.C.) The
middle name of William (Bowles) Masters, makes me question if the
Bowles family may have come from the same area (Manchester Mass.),
or were related back further.
The Masters family from Abraham Masters and D. Knowlton of
Manchester, MA. who came to Falmouth Township in 1760 on their own
      The 1861 census for Centreville, lists Shubael Masters
      (family of 8).

     IV.F. Paulina (or Paulonia) Bowles,(31 January 1815-11 Dec
1902). Twin to Pamela.     Married William North, son of William
North and lois Strong. Buried Upper Canard.
Perhaps this is the Polina Bowles listed in the 1901 census as a
domestic, living in the home of John Bowles. This John Bowles was
born in 1839, had a wife Jane, and a son Bronson (b. 1873), but I
do not know which branch he belongs to.

     IV.G. William Campbell Bowles,(26 Feb.1818, Cornwallis -26
Jan.1864) m. 1848 Lavinia Rockwell (b. 1823, d/o Noah Rockwell and
Deborah Eaton. Lavinia was his first cousin. Buried in Billtown.
W. Campbell Bowles was baptized in Halls Harbour in 1858.

Probate B-62: 31 Dec 1864.    Hutchinson's 1864 Directory lists
William C. Boles as having a general store in Lakeville and as a
merchant in Billtown. Were there two William C. Boles? The 1861
census show a Campbell Bowles in the Centreville census.

KDR Pg1   #15 1864 Bowles, William Campbell, age 47, s/o William
Bowles, Typhoid Fever. Died at Cornwallis.

#33 William C. Bowles - Pg 339 1864 - To Lavinia Ann Bowles, my
beloved wife...etc.

          IV.G.1. William N. Bowles b.1851 in Lakeville m.
(Baptist) 16 Mar 1873 at Wolfville, Ruby A. Porter (b. 1851),d/o
Kinssman Porter and Rachel Eaton.

KMR #18 BOWLES, WILLIAM N. pg 62, 16 March 1873- age 22, born &
res. Lakeville, s/o Campbell (?IV.G) & Lavinia, m. Ruby A. Porter,
22, Res. Lakeville, d/o Cuisman and Rachel. Witnesses: George Good
and Howard Barss.   Baptist.

          IV.G.2. Paulina Bowles b. ca 1853 (?63).
Kathy Jeffers has a daughter called Prudence (d. 1861), but not
one called Paulina.

     IV.H. Alice Jean Bowles,(8 Dec. 1820 - 1 Aug. 1906) m. 22 Aug
1855 Sylvanus Whitney.    The 1861 census for Centreville lists
Silvanus Whitney (~1816-1888). Eight in family.
     IV.H.1. Elmira Jane Whitney b. 1858 d. 1875. Buried Billtown.
     IV.H.2. Ella Maud Whitney (1859-1885). Buried Billtown.
     IV.H.3. Laura May Whitney (1860-1862). Buried Billtown.

Was she the Alice Bowles who drowned in a brook 17 Oct. 1866?
"Funerals/marriages attended by Rev. James Parker says that he
attended at the wedding of "Ellis" I. Bowles to Sylvanus Whitney
on 22 Aug 1855.

     IV.I. Margaret Bowles (9 July 1824 - 19 May 1913) m. 15 Nov
     1854 Isaac Guilford Newcomb (1832-1920), of Billtown. (Ref.
VF. N.S. Genealogy Newletter. No. 37, Pg. 118. C580, N935,
Library.) Their marriage record is in the Marriage Records (1847-
1877) of Upper Canard Cornwallis First Baptist Church (In the
Baptist Archives at Acadia University). In this record, Margaret
is described as the youngest daughter of the late William Bowles,
and both she and Isaac are said to have been “of Billtown”.
          IV.I.1. Fred Guilford Newcomb b. 23 Feb 1868 at
Centerville, m. 1889 in Cornwallis Martha L Beckwith, d/o Joseph
H. Beckwith and Rebecca ___. Children:
               IV.I.1.a. Eva Newcomb (    -1890)
          IV.I.2. Edgar Newcomb b. 1856
          IV.I.3. Blanche A. Newcomb b. 1866 m. George Parker.
(Philip Thorpe data)

Information on the   Rockwell   family   near   end   of   doucument   in
"Allied Lines".

V. ALEXANDER BOLS (28 Feb. 1780- 25 Nov 1780). A twin to William.

VI. JOHN BOLES ( 5/?6 Nov.1782-17 Jan. 1837) m. 31 Jan 1804,(CTR)
MARGARET WEBSTER, (28 Nov. 1786-bef. 1837) d/o Abraham Webster and
Polly (Mary) Jeffers. Death record for John Boles from RG 48 Reel
19, 712.
     The 1861 census for Berwick, lists an Abraham Webster with 6
in the family, but I suspect that he might be a brother or nephew
to Margaret.   A number (6) of other Websters are listed in the
same area, and 3 others in another section of Berwick, so they are
probably part of the same family. I wonder if the Websters who
have a U-Pick Strawberry farm in the Berwick area are descendants?
     John Boles made a will in 1837, in which his children are
listed (as in Eaton's History of Kings):
...daughter - Mary Coleman, wife of David Coleman
...son, Alexander,
...son, Graham
...son, George - real estate left to him
...daughter, Sarah
...son, John

Information I have on the children of John and Margaret Boles,
born in Cornwallis, follows:

     VI.A. Mary Bols, b. 17 Jan 1805     m. David Coleman (~1806-
bef.1881). The 1861 census for Centreville lists a David Coleman
with 4 in the family.      I had wondered if I had placed them
correctly, but Philip Thorpe’s data has the same.
Note: nearby is a "William Cumming", and an "Alex McPhail" (see
VI.B.1. below)
Most of the data on this branch of the family comes from data of
Philip Thorpe.
          VI.A.1. William H. Coleman b. ~1830 , m. (1) 1858
Caroline Sullivan. Children:
               VI.A.1.a. Ada Coleman
               VI.A.1.b. Rachel Coleman
William Coleman m.(2)1865 Ellen Munroe, d/o Alexander Munroe and
Rachel Dakin. Children:
               VI.A.1.c.   Margaret   Jane  Coleman  b.1866,Halls
               VI.A.1.d. Lebaron Coleman b. 1868
               VI.A.1.e. Irene Coleman b. 1871

          VI.A.2. John Edward Coleman (~1838-1931) m.1864, Halls
Harbour, Orinda Munroe, d/o Alexander Munroe and Rachel Dakin.
12 children listed in Philip Thorpe’s document:
               VI.A.2.a. John Leonard Coleman b. 1865, Halls
Harbour, m. 1889, Canard, Mary DeAdder b. 1872, New Ross.

               VI.A.2.b.   Mayhew   Bishop   Coleman   b.   1866,   Halls

               VI.A.2.c. Annie Coleman b. 1868
               VI.A.2.d. Gertie Etta Coleman b. 1871, Huntington’s
Point, Kings Co., m. 1891, Canard, Owen P. Young, s/o George Young
and Julia Keizer.
               VI.A.2.e. Carrie Ella Coleman b. 1873, Halls
Harbour m. 1901, Kentville, William Osgood North, s/o Isaac Hiram
North and Eunice Catherine Roscoe. Children:
                    VI.A.2.e.i. Isaac North
                    VI.A.2.e.ii. William North

               VI.A.2.f. Allan Coleman (1876, Halls Harbour-1961)
m. 1898, Upper Canard, Gearldene Hueston (1876, Kentville-1944),
d/o James and Mary Hueston. Children:
                    VI.A.2.F.i. Harry Hueston Coleman (1901-1975)
Buried Oak grove, Kentville.
                    VI.A.2.F.ii. Unknown Coleman (bro. To above)
                    VI.A.2.F.iii. Gertrude Coleman m. William
Cameron. Res. Mulgrave.

               VI.A.2.g.   Margaret   Coleman   b.1878  m.  1898,
Kentville, Frederick Haliburton Bishop (b. 1873, Sunnyside, Kings
co. d. 1953), son of Frederick Herbert Bishop and Melissa Jane
Dodge. Children:
                    VI.A.2.g.i. Clarence Allen Bishop b. 1904 m.
Marguerite Octavia Balsor b. 1906, Canady Creek, Kings Co., d/o
Hiram Balsor and Clara Blanch Siggins. Children:
                    .Boyd Blake Bishop b.1931, Kentville m. Donna
Fay Miller. 3 ch. Michael, Deborah, and Cynthia.
                    .Clyde Clifford Bishop b.1926, Toronto. M.
Bertha Leota Harvie. 4 ch. Brian, Peter, Jay, and Suzy.
                    .Ronald Frederick Bishop b. 1932,London.m.
Irene Baggs. 3 ch. Ronald , Katherine, and Truman.
Note: Further on this family line can be found in Philip Thorpe’s
document. He takes it one more generation.

                    VI.A.2.g.ii. Ernest Bishop (1909-1974) m.
1935 Freda Minnie Coldwell, d/o Elmer Russell Coldwell and Lida
May Smith. Buried Elm Grove, Steam Mill.

               VI.A.2.h. Nellie Ellen Coleman b. 1880, Kentville
m. 1908 Kentville (methodist), Kenneth P. McIver b. 1884,
Ellershouse, Hants Co. Buried Oakgrove. Children:
                    VI.A.2.h.i. Lillian R. McIver b. 1914

               VI.A.2.i. Emma Coleman b. 1883
               VI.A.2.j.   Nettie   Coleman   b.  1886     m.   1907,
Kentville, Arthur Henry Sloan (b.1885, Windsor ).

               VI.A.2.k. Willis Coleman b. 1888
               VI.A.2.L. Jennie Coleman b. 1890       m.   Elmer   A.
Scaling (1893-1969). Buried Oak grove, Kentville.

          VI.A.3.    Alice Coleman b. ~1843, Halls Harbour d. 1868
Halls Harbour.
          VI.A.4.    Warren Coleman b.~1846 m.1866 in Wolfville,
Julia Ann Munroe.    4 children born between 1866 and 1872 in Halls
Harbour, N.S. They   are in Philip Thorpe’s document.

     VI.B. Alexander Bols (28 January 1807-21 Jan 1841) m. Mary
J.Porter. Probate record (Adm. 28 April 1841 granted to Mary Jane
(Boles) Porter.

          VI.B.1. John H. Bowles b. ca 1841 d. 1923 (? 1867) m.
     (1)28 Jan 1863, Mary E. MacPhail. Children:
               VI.B.1.a. a male. Possibly this is the N.A. Bowles
          of Brockton, MA. as mentioned in Farquhar's book on
          the Bowles Family. He was said to have "come from
     Kentville, N.S. about 1884 His father, John H.
     Bowles lives in Kings County". As the book was
     published in 1907, John H. Bowles would still be
     living. Perhaps the idea of his father re-marrying
     was enough to send him South!
          m.(2) 30 April 1884, Eunice J. Robinson, d/o Samuel and
     Emma Robinson.

KMR #27 BOWLES, JOHN H. pg.168, 30 April 1884-widower, age 43 s/o
Alex & Mary J.(VI.B?or their son?), b. Halls Harbour, Res.
Brooklyn St. m. Eunice J. Robinson, Born and Res. Brooklyn St.,
d/o Samuel & Emma. Baptist.

Probate B-210 says John H. Bowles d. 6 Aug 1923.

     There are letters of administration dated 1841 (Adm. B 43)
for the estate of Alexander Boles, presumably the above.- Mary
Jane Boles, wife of David Porter, as principal and Jonathan R.
Benjamin and Abel Benjamin as sureties -regarding a piece of land
or farm on North Mountain, Cornwallis.

     VI.C. Graham Bols, b. @ Billtown 20 May 1809 d. @ North
Mountain 24 Jan 1864 (?7) (KDR) of "liver disease". The death
record states that he was the son of John Bowls (deceased) and
Margaret, Halls Harbour.    Graham Bols m. Lucy Naomi Ells, d/o
Thomas and Ruth (Cogswell) Ells, b. 1815.
Probate B-61 date 30 March 1864.
There was a Graham Bowles who married Mary Kerr, but I do not know
if this may have been a second marriage of this Graham or not.
     The Ells family came from Connecticut. Thomas Ells was the
son of Joshua Ells Jr and M. Rand.
     Ruth Cogswell Ells was the daughter of Aaron and Ruth
(Parish) Cogswell.
KDR pg19 #64, 1867 Bowles, Graham- s/o John and Margaret, Liver

     VI.D. George William Bols (22 July 1811 -1872 @ North
Mountain, Billtown), of heart disease. m. 8 April 1856, First
Cornwallis Baptist Church, Upper Canard, Jerusha Anne Foote (1821,
Vernon Mines, Kings Co.-1888) eldest d/o Robert Foote and Lydia
West. Both of Billtown Mountain. Buried Billtown. His death was
registered at Coldbrook Station by Henry Porter.     Informant was
Mrs Geo. Bowles Children:
          VI.D.1. Rupert Bowles b. ca 1856/7

KDR Pg91 #244, 1872 Bowles, George      W.   age   50,   s/o   John   and
Margaret, Billtown, Heart disease.

Kings Wills #540 -George M. Bowles - after death of ----- (hard to
read), property to descend to his son Rupert Bowles, who shall
receive his maintenance out of said property during his minority
or while under the lawful control of his mother, Jerusha (?)
NSDR -George M. Bowles, d. 1872, age 59, at North Mountain, Heart
Disease. Parents Graham and Mary.

     She m. 2.(1874) Gideon Rockwell.
Marriages attended by Rev James Parker included that of Gideon
Rockwell to Mrs Jerusha Boals on 14 Sept 1874.
KMR #80 BOWLES, JERUSHA pg.77 14 Sept 1874- 53, widow, d/o
Robert & Lydia Bowles, m. Gideon Rockwell, widower, age 83, s/o
Joseph & Lydia. Baptist.

Note: I am confused by this as the probate record for Prudence
Bowles says she was married to Gideon Rockwell...perhaps there was
more than one?

In 1837 will, George Bowles inherited the real estate.      In the
KDR, his name spelled "Bowles".
Probate B-73 Cornwallis Letters Testamentary 26 Oct 1872. Estate
valued at 1200.88 pounds.
     The 1861 census for Kings County Polling District #4
(Lakeville) lists a Graham Bowls with 4 in the family living next
to George Bowls with 3 in the family.   This might be sons of John
Bols and Margaret Webster (see VI.C & VI.D), as they resided at
Billtown.   Graham is said to have 2 acres of cultivated upland.
George (?his brother) has 100 acres of cultivated upland, 6 cows,
1 horse, and produced the followed in the previous year: 350
bushels potatoes, 40 bushels turnip, 15 tons hay, 65 bushels oats,
12 bushels buckwheat, 50 bushels apples, 15 yards fulled cloth,
100 pounds butter.

     VI.E. Sarah Ann Bols, b. 2 December 1819 m. William Charles
Morton (b. 1 Mar. 1826), son of Charles Morton and Mary (Marcy)
Woodworth. (ref. Chute Family in America, 1894.) Sarah is listed
in the 1837 Probate record of her father.

     VI.F. John Bols (according to the 1837 will) Could this be
the John Bowles (J01321 in "Tangled Roots") who married Mary
Content Best (b. 1814). I think there is an error in the book as
according to KMR Isabella Bowles was a d/o William and Meriam
Bowles, not of John Bowles. I'm not sure which William this is.
I have William Bowles (VIII.D.1) married to Mary C. Best. Is this
an error (ie. he married Meriam) or do I have Isabella listed
under the wrong William ?? Confusion reigns!

VII. ELIZABETH BOLS b. 25 November 1784 m. 25 Feb 1809 ELIAS
TUPPER JR.(1777, Truro - 1809), son of Eliakim Tupper 5 (Elias 4,
Eliakim 3, Capt Thomas 2, Thomas 1) and Elizabeth Newcomb.
Elizabeth Newcomb was a daughter of Capt. Eddy Newcomb of
Cornwallis township, so perhaps that is why Elias and Elizabeth
moved to Cornwallis.
In the will of Alexander Bols of 1814, Elizabeth is listed as
widow of Mrs Elias Tupper, so given they married in 1809, they had
a maximum of 5 years together before he died.
“Historical and Genealogical Record of Colchester County” by
Thomas Miller (1873), pg. 225, has the history of the family of
Eliakim Tupper (d. 1810, Stewiake) and Elizabeth Newcomb (d. 1824,
age 81). In 1773, they moved to Truro from the western part of
N.S. They kept an inn.     He had come to N.S. in 1760, and about
this time married Elizabeth. In 1780, he was appointed J.P. for
Colchester and Pictou. He had a large family of sons. Moved to
Stewiake in 1792.
       The Eliakim and Elizabeth Tupper family is found in the
Tupper Genealogy published by the Tupper Family Association of
America, 1972, page 75.        Eliakim was born 1742 in Lebanon,
Connecticut, and died at Stewiake in 1810.     This Eliakim Tupper
(and there were many of them!) was a son of Elias Tupper (b. 1715
Sandwich Ma., d. Tupperville, Annapolis County 1800) and Jerusha
Sprague, so was a brother to the Elias Tupper (1752-1786) who
married Rachel Porter (see III, above).
       Eliakim Tupper (1742-1810) moved to Cornwallis about 1760
and then became one of the early settlers of Truro, around 1773,
where he was a merchant and inn keeper. In 1780, he was appointed
Justice of the Peace for Colchester and Pictou. In the book
"Londonderry Heirs", one chapter includes the history of the
Presbyterian church in Truro.     The church frame was erected in
1768.    Eliakim Tupper took the contract to finish the inside of
the church and John Christie, who came out from Scotland in the
same ship as Rev. Cock in 1772, and Daniel MacKenzie. It was the
only church in Truro until about 1821. About 1792, they removed
to Stewiake. He received a land grant of 500 acres in 1783, on the
North side of the Stewiake River, also called the Wilmot River.
This preceeded the time so many Cornwallis residents followed Rev.
Hugh Graham to this area.
      A sister of this Eliakim Tupper, Mary Tupper (d/o Elias and
Jerusha of Tupperville, Annapolis Co), married Abraham Newcomb,
brother of Elizabeth's and children of Capt. Eddy Newcomb.
      Eliakim and Elizabeth (Newcomb)Tupper had 11 children,
including Elias, who was born in Truro in 1777, died in 1809,
married Elizabeth Bowls, and resided in Cornwallis.      This Elias
would therefore, have been a first cousin to the Eliakim Tupper
who married Elizabeth's sister, Sarah Boles Tupper.(III), and
second cousins to Rev Charles Tupper, who's son became Sir Charles
      Eaton's History of Kings County, pg 291, lists the members of
the first New Light Congregational Church at Jaw Bone Corner,
prior to 1799, and there is "Elias and Elizabeth Tupper" listed.
Could this be Elizabeth Bols?      She would have been very young
..only about 15!
     VII.A. Elias Tupper (1809-1847) -Drowned in Halifax Harbour.
     No issue.
RG41 Series C Vol.21 at the Public Archives says that Elias
Tupper, Barrister at Law drowned in 1847. Gravestone erected by
his mother, Elizabeth Brunnen.

Annapolis County Probate Records index by Wayne Walker (#143) has
the following:
11 June 1828: Letters of Adm. To Elizabeth Tupper and John Tupper
for the estate of William Tupper of Annapolis, for the estate of
William Tupper of Annapolis.     Guardianship granted to Eliakim
Tupper of Sewick (Stewiake?) in the county of Halifax, farmer, of
Maria Tupper, a miner under age 14, d/o William Tupper, deceased.

21 Oct. 1834: Letters of guardianship to Elias Tupper of
Annapolis, yeoman, of Maria Tupper, a minor under age 14, daughter
of William Tupper, deceased.

3 Apr. 1837: Return of commission re Elizabeth Tupper, widow of
William Tupper late of Annapolis, now Mrs Elias Tupper. Elizabeth
Tupper, widow of William Tupper late of Annapolis, now Mrs Elias
Tupper of Township of Annapolis.

* VIII. HUGH GRAHAM BOLS (BOWLES) (b. 1 November 1785 or 88, d. 25
March 1864) m. 24 January 1814 (CTR) to ALLIS (ALICE) NEWCOMB (14
Mar 1791 - 30 May 1866) d/o John and Thankful (Burgess) Newcomb.
This John Newcomb was a cousin of Elizabeth Newcomb who married
Eliakim Tupper and Abraham Newcomb who married Mary Tupper.
According to the Presbyterian Witness, the date of Graham's birth
was 1788.   According to Eaton, he was born in 1785.      Thankful
Burgess was a daughter of Seth Burgess and Abigail Howe, who came
to Cornwallis township from Dartmouth Ma., in 1760.
     Hugh Graham and Alice Bowles lived in Waterville, N.S.
Graham, according to his obituary in the Presbyterian Witness, was
named in honour of The Rev. Hugh Graham, the first Presbyterian
minister at the old Congregational church at Chipman Corner.
(where Alexander and Elizabeth Bols, are buried).
     Graham and probably his wife Alice Bowles are buried at
Waterville.   I say "probably" as when I visited the gravesite at
St Andrew's United Churchyard (24 Sept 1994), which read as

                           In Memory of
                          Graham Bowles
                           Mar 25 1864
                         In the 76th year
                            of his age

                   O May the grave become to me
                   The (bed?) of peaceful rest
               Where I should gladly rise at length
                    And mingle with the blest

The stone was located in the centre of the churchyard (East of the
Church), under a huge oak tree, but it had fallen down. Perhaps
his wife's name was on the back?? KDRs have record the death of
an Alice Bowles on 17 October 17, 1866, and the Presbyterian
Witness says it was 27 Oct. 1866. Although the year is correct to
be the wife of Graham, I had her date of death as 30 May, so the
death record would appear to be another Alice.(or was my date
wrong??). KDR record states that there was a coroner's inquest,
as she had fallen into a brook and drowned near her place in
Waterville. Stephen Dodge was the Coroner. (“came to her death
from falling into a brook near her place on the 17th day of October
1866 at Waterville”.
The obituary in the Presbyterian Witness 2 Apr. 1864, Vol XVII, No
14, p 55 reads as follows:
"At Waterville, West Cornwallis, on Friday 25th inst., after a
short illness, Hugh Graham Bowles, in the 76th year of his age.
The deceased had been for several years a consistent member and
zealous supporter of the Presbyterian Church and always evinced a
deep interest in its welfare. He was named after the late Rev.
Hugh Graham, the first Presbyterian minister who settled in
Cornwallis, by whom the deceased was baptized.             He died
peacefully,   and  without   a   struggle,  leaning   on   Christ's
righteousness as the ground of acceptance before God."
     There was a Graham Bowles (3 in family) and George Bowles ( 4
in family) listed next to each other in Polling district # 13
(Berwick) of the 1861 census. I missed looking up the detail (*)
on these two, as I had thought the ones in PD#4 were ours, and
trying to match the person to the detail in the forms is
difficult, but when I got back home and thought about it, it seems
to me more likely that our Graham and George Bowles would be in
the Berwick one, as many Pineos are listed here as well, and
Waterville was once known as "Pineo's Corner".       Also, John N.
Bowles, with 7 in the family, is listed on the other side of
Graham (see VIII.H).    It is interesting that either a "Mrs" or
"Mos" (?Moses) Shaw (with 5 in the family) is listed next to John
N. Bowles. The numbers (abstract no. 3) are thus:
#14   -   George Pineo
#15   -   Graham Bowles
#16   -   John N. Bowles
#17   -   Mrs (?Mos) Shaw
#18   -   James Morse
#19   -   John H. Shaw
#29   -   William Webster

KDR Pg17 #29 1866 Bowles, Allice - ?copy *        Drowned in brook
near her place in Waterville.
The Presbyterian Witness of 27 Oct 1866 announced her death as
follows: "Mrs Boles d. Tuesday age ca 80, widow of the late Graham
Boles.   It is interesting that although her husband's name is
spelled as "Bowles", her name is spelled "Boles", suggesting that
a different memberr of the family submitted the information.

 Graham and Alice Bowles had 10 children (listed in Eaton's
History of Kings), but only the first four are listed in the
Parish Record of St John's Anglican church:

     VIII.A.     MARY ALICE BOWLES ( 29 Nov.1815-1821)
     VIII.B.     JOHN NEWCOMB BOWLES (10 Dec. 1816- 22 Feb. 1886)
     VIII.C.     THANKFUL MARGARET BOWLES (10 April 1819 -   )
     VIII.D.     WILLIAM BOWLES (9 March 1821-1894/95)
     VIII.E.     MARY A. BOWLES (15 Nov. 1823-   )
     VIII.F.     LEONARD N. BOWLES (1824/26-1898)
     VIII.G.     ELIZABETH BOWLES (18 Aug.1826 - died young?)
     VIII.H.     JOHN NEWCOMB BOWLES (29 May 1829-1880)
     VIII.I.      GEORGE BOWLES (11 Feb. 1831-1917) - my great
     VIII.J.     ELIZABETH BOWLES (11 Jan.1832-1922)
     VIII.K.     WOODWORTH BOWLES (29 May 1829 -    )

Probate records of Cornwallis Township lists for Graham Bowles
(PROB -61, 30 Aug. 1864), lists most of the above children
including the last, which I did not know was a child of Hugh
Graham Bowles and Alice Newcomb until Kathy Jeffers sent me a copy
of these records. I had been contacted by a descendant of theirs,
through the Crowes, but at that time, could only say that I felt
there to be a close relationship, but did not know what.

Numbers F, H, I, J, and K are also buried in St Andrew's United
churchyard at Waterville, as I found their stones on 24 Sept 1994.

The 10 children of Hugh Graham and Alice (Newcomb) Bowles were:
(Films of Kings County Genealogies at P.A.N.S)
     VIII.A. Mary Alice Bowles (1815-1821)
     VIII.B.   John Newcomb Bowles (1816-   )
     VIII.C.    Thankful Margaret Bowles (1819-       ) m. William
     VIII.D.   William Bowles (1821-1894)m. ?Mary C. Best ?Elizabeth
     VIII.E.   Mary A.Bowles (1823-    ) m. ____ Forsyth
     VIII.F.    Leonard N. Bowles (1826-1898) m. Sarah Elizabeth
     VIII.G.   Elizabeth A. Bowles (1826- d. prob. young)
     VIII.H.   John Newcomb Bowles (1829-1880) m. Lucilla Hall
     VIII.I.    George Bowles (1831-1917) m. (1) Elizabeth Allison
(2) Susan B.   Shaw.
     VIII.J.   Elizabeth A. Bowles (1832-1922) m. Isaiah Shaw Pineo

     VIII.K. Woodworth Bowles - Was he a twin of John Newcomb
Following is information on each of these children:

     VIII.A. Mary Alice Bowles, b. 29 November 1815, d. 29 August
                          1821.(CTR spells her name and that of
her mother as "Allis" Boles). Probate record for her father in
1864 lists her as Mary Alice Forsyth.

     VIII.B. John Newcomb Bowles, b. 18 December 1816, d.young.
Another son called same name.

     VIII.C. Thankful Margaret Bowles or (Boles) b. 10 August 1819
     m.26 Dec. 1844, William Henry Best (b. 11 Jan 1800 d. 1857)

          VIII.C.1. Mary E. Best (1851-1854). Buried at United
          Church cemetery at Waterville.
"Tangled Roots" lists a William Best (1773-1827) who m. 1794
Jemima d/o Capt. William Bishop. Their son, Elias Best (b. 1795)
m. (1799) Mary Burbidge, and they had a son, William Henry Best
bp. 11 March 1800.    Could this be the William Best who married
Thankful Bowles?

     VIII.D. William Bowles, b. 9 March 1821 (or20) d. 14 Jan
1894, age 73/4 m.Nov.20, 1845 Mary C. Best. (1814- 5 Sept 1889)
buried Grafton Corner (Methodist).    Was this the William Bowles
who was appointed Justice of the Peace on 11 May 1864? (Ref. RG3,
Vol.1, #194).
The Presbyterian Witness 14 Sep. 1889 lists the death of Mary
Bowles, w/o William Bowles d. 2 Sep. at Grafton.
Probate records for William Bowles(10 Feb. 1894) lists his wife as
Mrs Elizabeth Boles, so he must have remarried, or I have mixed up
two William Bowles. This probate record also lists his daughter
Isabella Rockwell, and son-in-law R.E. Rockwell. Yet in Isabella’s
marriage record, her parents are said to be William and Meriam.
All these Williams are mighty confusing!

     Hutchinson's 1864 directory     lists   William   Boles   of   Pineo
     Village as a carpenter.

     Note; the latter date of his birth and death is taken from
     Aunt Lorna's notes with " Phyllis Cox" written next to it.
     Did Phyll copy the dates from a stone?
Probate B-124 says William Bowles d. 10 Feb 1894, so it appears to
be this William.
In the 1851 census, there is a William Boles listed as living next
to Rev. Wm Chipman. In the 1871 census, a William Bowles had a
carriage and brick factory.

          VIII.D.1. Isabel P. Bowles b. ca 1848 m.23 Aug 1876
          Robert Rockwell.

KMR #77 BOWLES, ISABELLA P.   98    1897-28, Res. Waterville, d/o
William and Meriam, m. Robert E. Rockwell, 29, teacher, born
Billtown, Res. Brooklyn St., s/o Asabel & Eliza.
          Witnesses; William Bowles and Thomas
          Weldon. Waterville Weslyan.

               VI.D.1.a.   Jenny Playfair Rockwell
               VI.D.1.b.   Lila J. Rockwell
               VI.D.1.c.   Gladys H. Rockwell
               VI.D.1.d.   William Burgess Bowles Rockwell
               VI.D.1.e.   John Rockwell

     VIII.E. Mary A. (Alice?) Bowles, b. 15 November 1823 m.
               Probably named after her sister who had died 2
years before. Could it have been she who drowned in the brook in
Oct 1866?

     VIII.F. Leonard N. Bowles (20 Sept.1826 -11 Feb. 1898) m.22
Dec 1858 (or 1 Nov 1856 -KMR) @ Aylesford Wesleyan, Sarah
Elizabeth Bowlby      (1836- 28 Oct.1913) Buried St Andrew's
churchyard, Waterville. At the bottom of the stone is the
inscription "Thy will be done". The Presbyterian Witness 19 Feb.
1898, announces the death of Leonard Bowles d. 11 Feb. at
Waterville, age 73.
  My mother said that "Uncle Leonard" lived "across the field"
from George Bowles in Grafton, or was this Uncle Will? (check with
Aunt Jessie*) Hutchinson's Directory says that Leonard Boles of
Pineo Village was a farmer.
Probate B-62 says that Leonard Bowles of Waterville d. 11 Feb.
1861 census for Somerset lists Leonard Boles with 5 in the family.
He has 20 acres Cultivated upland. Next to him is William Boles
(?VIII.D) with 30 acres, and 2 away from him is Woodworth Bowles
with 5 in family. Woodworth Bowles is 4 names away from Isaiah
Shaw (see VIII.I) with 10 in the family (5 males, 5 females).
The 8 Children of Leonard and Sarah Bowles were:

          VIII.F.1. Colin Avery Bowles ( 21 June 1876-21 Sept
1877) Philip Thorpe does not have him in his data, and I do not
recall where I found the name.

          VIII.F.2. Boyd F. Bowles (~1873 - aft 1898) M.D.of
Wollaston Ma., m. @ Waterville, Presbyterian Church, 4 Sept 1907
Elsie M. Best, d/o Walter (Tangled Roots says Nathan) and
Prudence Best of Waterville. Boyd was a dentist.

KMR #69 BOWLES, BOYD F. (M.D.) Pg.112,   1907,   age    21,   born
Waterville, Res. Wollaston, Mass, s/o Leonard & Sarah, m. Elsie M.
Best, both born and Res. Waterville, d/o Walter & Prudence.
Waterville Presbyterian.
The Presbyterian Witness 5 Oct. 1907, announced the marriage of Dr
Boyd Burgess of Wallanton, MA, m. 2 Sept 1907 by Rev. McKinnon,

           VIII.F.3. Newman (or Norman) T. Bowles (1858- ) m. 4
Sept 1889 @ Cambridge Baptist, Edith Jane Rupert Webster (1871,
Cambridge-     ), d/o Albert and Maggie (Clark) Webster.

KMR #104 BOWLES, NEWMAN T. Pg.222, 1889, age 31, born & Res.
Waterville, s/o Leonard & Sarah. m. Edith Webster, 18, born and
Res. Cambridge, d/o Albert and Maggie. Witnesses: C.B. Jones and
Lillian B. Bowles. Wolfville Baptist.
Could this be the "Norman S. Bowles" listed in the 1901 census of
Cambridge and Waterville as being born 5 Dec. 1858? It seems
probable to me.    If so, he was married to an Edith, and had 2
chldren living with them:
               VIII.F.3.a. Hilda Bowles, age 10 (b. 1891)
               VIII.F.3.b. Webster Bowles, age 8 (b. 1893)

The name of Webster Boles appeared in correspondence with Dana
Dirito of Hawaii.     It was an interesting story of a young
Congregational Preacher by this name who was born ca. 1831.    He
boarded a riverboat in St Louis in 1865 to be a missionary to the
wild and sinful West and to the heathen Indians. Could there be a

          VIII.F.4. Almira P. Bowles (1860-       ) m.18 Aug. 1881
(Methodist), Frederick S. Ells or Ellis, son of William and Amelia
Ells. (Note: Probate gives spelling as Ellis, and I was contacted
by a descendant (Judith ______) of this couple who lives in
California, who says the family changed the spelling to Ellis.
In 1881, this couple lived in Bar Harbour, Me. Almira had been a
school teacher. Fred was a carpenter.
KMR #68 BOWLES, ALMIRA P. 144 1881 - d/o Leonard and Sarah
                          m. Frederick Ells

* I wondered if Frederick Ells was related to Cyrus Ells, who
started the poultry farm on Belcher Street, Port Williams, but a
descendant by the name of Judith Ellis of Santa Cruz, Ca. wrote me
in 1997 about this, and says that this was not the case. She sent
me family data, which I have unfortunately misplaced.

          VIII.F.5. Howard D. Bowles (1863 -    )
          VIII.F.6. Jennie B. Bowles (1864-     )
          VIII.F.7. Edna B. Bowles (1866-      ) m.?1905 Reginald

From the Berwick Register, 5 Jan 1905-
     Waterville- The members of the choir of the Presbyterian
church presented Mrs Reginald Shaw (Miss Edna Bowles), who had
been a member of the choir, with a very handsome silver syrup
pitcher and spoon as a wedding gift.
          VIII.F.8 Aubrey L. Bowles m. Abbie Marchand.
               VIII.F.8.a. Leonard Murry Bowles (1914-1914)
Apparently, they had no more children as her Probate record (1920)
lists her heirs as:
Ruby Beatrice Clarke, Ruby E. Marchant, Mrs ada Marchant, Stanley
Marchant, Lulah Marchant (neice), Lois Maude Marchant, Charles
Clarke (brother-in-law), Belle Clarke (sister), Lilliam K.

          VIII.F.9. Lillie B. Bowles (1870-    ) m. Charles Jones.

VIII.G. Elizabeth A. Bowles, b. 18 August 1826 . She must have
died young, as there was another child named Elizabeth or "Libby".

VIII.H. John Newcomb Bowles (b. 29 May 1829 d.3 Feb 1886 (stone),
age 70 years) m. Lucilla Hall (1817-1884 age 67). Buried
Waterville (St Andrew's). Census record places birth of John N.
Bowles as ca 1817 -S.F.
     The Presbyterian Witness of 24 Jan 1885, has her death
Lucilla Dodge Bowles d. 17th at Waterville, West Cornwallis, w/o
John N. Bowles, in 68th year. From this, I wonder if Dodge was her
maiden name, but it could have simply been her middle name.
In the 1861 census for Berwick, they were #16, between #15 (Graham
Bowles) and #17 (Mrs Mos. Shaw)
     I found their stone (St Andrew's United churchyard,
Waterville) nearby Graham Bowles' and it looked to me that his
date of death was 2 Feb 1886, but I suppose it could have been
1880. He died at age 70. The three following children's names
are also on the stone.
      J. N. Bowles was appointed commissioner of schools for West
Cornwallis, Kings County pm 22 Sept 1866. (see PANS RG 3, Vol. 2,
#301). Hutchinson's directory for 1864 for Pineo Village lists
John Boles as a J.P.
 Children of John Newcomb Bowles and Lucilla Hall:

          VIII.H.1. Leander Van Ess Bowles (1843-1907)
A Leander Bowles is listed on the 1901 census (Cambridge and
Waterville) as b. 7 Mar. 1846 in N.S., of Scotch ancestry, and
Presbyterian. Buried Waterville.

          VIII.H.2. Amanda Alice Bowles (1847-1914) m.9 March 1885
(?95) at Maple Ridge, Waterville, John Sherman Belcher b.1825, of
Upper Canard.
     The census record for 1861 lists a John S. Belcher (5 in
family) in Polling District # 2 (Canard). Unknown if this is the
one who married Amanda Bowles in 1885, but I expect the 1881
census would tell me.

KMR #22 BOWLES, AMANDA    Pg.265, 1895, -born and Res. Waterville,
d/o John N. and Lucella m. John Belcher, widower, born Canard,
Res. Church St., s/o John & Matilda. Waterville Presbyterian.
 Witnesses: Leander and Edna Bowles.
John Sherman Belcher (b. 1795), s/o Stephen Belcher, was married
first to Matilda Wells. They lived on place that in the 19th
century was owned by Henry Cogswell.

The Presbyterian Witness 9 Mar 1895, also has their marriage (by
Rev. John Allen and William Dawson), and says that she is the d/o
John N. Bowles J.P.

          VIII.H.3. Burgess T.(N -S.F.?) Bowles (1849-1870).Buried
          VIII.H.4. Frederick J. Bowles (b. ca 1850 - ?1920)
Note: Could this be the Dr Fred J. Bowles who is buried next to
Leonard's stone at St Andrews? His stone says that he died in New
York City 28 Jan 1920.    Also "The beloved physician, a faithful
friend, one of God's good men".      The following would tend to
confirm this.
     The 1907 book The Bowles Family, by Farquhar (see above), pg.
206 lists a Dr F.J. Bowles who at the time was living at 121 W.
93rd St. New York City.      He "came from N.S. in 1883 and has
practised medicine since 1884 in New York City. A brother, L.V.
Bowles lives in Waterville, Kings County, N.S." (Note: Leonard Van
Ess Bowles died in 1907).
     The names of the first 3 children of John N. Bowles are all
on the parents stone at St Andrews.

  VIII.I. GEORGE BOWLES,(b. 11 February 1831 d. 9 August 1917,
   age 86), m. (Grafton Methodist) 26 June 1857 (1) Elizabeth
   Allison (b. 1835/6 d.27 Dec. 1866, age 31 buried at Grafton
   Corner in the Methodist cemetery) d/o William Edward Allison
   (James 2, Joseph 1) and Jane Wilkinson. Her Birth is given in
   the CTR as 7 July 1836 and her Baptism 21 Aug 1836, and the
   parents names are given as William and Jane Allison.       Their
   abode was given as "Cornwallis" and his trade as "farmer".
 George Bowles was a Blacksmith in Grafton.           MG9, Vol 46
"Churches in N.S. Scrapbook, Vol.1, p.74" at PANS. says that
George Bowles gave the land for the building of the Grafton United
Baptist Church in 1876. Hitherto, the Baptist depended on Canard,
Pleasant Valley, Berwick, and Cambridge Churches.     Quoting from
the newspaper article by M. Allen Gibson:
"The people of Grafton, desiring a meeting place of their own,
purchased the old Pleasant Valley church in 1876.     The building
was taken down and the several parts were moved to Grafton, where
it was reassembled on a lot of land given by George Bowles".
Perhaps this was as a peace offering to the very Baptist Shaw
family, whose daughter Susan, he had married as his second wife in
1868.   Apparently, the Shaws were upset that she had married a
Presbyterian, and one of my relatives speculated that the reason
that we knew little of the Shaws was because in those days, folk
took their religion very seriously, and there was not much
communication between those of a different denomination.
Although they had their own church, the people of Grafton retained
membership in the organization at Cambridge until 1951.

Children (3) of George Bowles and Elizabeth Allison:

     Ann Wilkinson Allison was d/o William (1786-1863) and
Elizabeth Wilkinson (1791-1876) of Grafton, who are buried at
Grafton (Methodist cemetery). William Edward Allison was the s/o
James Allison (1765-1849) and Margaret Hutchinson (1777-1834).
Margaret Hutchinson Allison was the daughter of Margaret Wiswall
and ? Hutchinson.
     The 1861 census for South Aylesford lists 3 Hutchinson names,
James, Enoch, and John. Unknown if they were related to Margaret,
but it is conceivable.
In the 1871 census, there was an 81 year old Mrs Wilkinson living
with the George Bowles family, and her occupation was listed as
"midwife". There was also a 17 year old servant by the name of
Annie Rockwell.
     Two of Elizabeth Allison Bowles' sisters, Annie Margaret
Allison (1834 - 1867) and Nancy Allison (1842-1933) were married
to Arthur McNutt Patterson, principal of Acacia Villa school in
Hortonville.    Annie had 4 children before she died and he
remarried her sister, Nancy, by whom there were 3 more children.
The second child born to Annie was named "Charles Frederick
Allison Patterson", after her uncle, who was founder of Mount
Allison University.

     See Eaton's History of Kings county for information on the
Allison family, pg. 542-546, which begins: "One of the most widely
known and highly honored King's county families is the Allison
family. The family was founded in the county not by a New England
grantee, but by Joseph Allison (William, John), who was born in
Drumnaha, near Limavady, County Londonderry, Ireland, about 1720,
and with his wife, Alice (Polk or Pollack), and children, came to
Nova Scotia in 1769."     I have compiled records from here and
elsewhere re the Allisons.     Joseph's son James Allison (1765-
1849), who lived at Willowbank Farm, (Starr's Point Road, Port
Williams), was the father of William Edward Allison.

*GEORGE BOWLES m. (18 March, 1868 at age 37) (2) SUSAN SHAW (1842
or 45-26 Oct 1917 age 72) d/o Isaiah Shaw (5 Jan 1798-29 Mar.
1874), [David, Moses, Moses] and Sarah Lyons (1804-1876 KDR say
she was age 72 at the time of her death) d/o Thomas Ratchford
Lyons and Ann Skinner.
     George Bowles and Susan Shaw were married by Rev. James
Parker, a Baptist minister, and witnesses are John Bowls and
Willard Parker. Susan (Susie) Shaw was age 26 when she married
George Bowles (age 37) as his second wife.
KMR #78 BOWLES, GEORGE,24,1868- 37, widower, Blacksmith,
               Grafton, s/o Graham & Elizabeth
               (farmer), m. Susan Shaw, d/o Isiah
          & Sarah Shaw (farmer). Rev James
          Parker. Witnesses: John Bowles and
     Willard Parker.
     Isaiah and Sarah (Lyons) Shaw are buried at Berwick (Ref.
 George and Susan Bowles are buried in the churchyard of St
Andrew's United Church at Waterville. The gravestone is near the
church and reads :
                           George Bowles
                          d. Aug 9, 1917
                           aged 86 years
                         Susie B. His wife
                          d.Oct 26, 1917
                           age 72 Years

I have a photocopy of the marriage record which I got from a
microfilm at PANS (mf#16345. 1868 #78 pg24) as well as a copy of
the marriage license, signed 14 January 1868 by Hastings Doyle,
Deputy Governor, and The Revd James Parker, Billtown.       This
suggests that the Shaws were members of the Billtown Baptist
church, or simply that Billtown was a part of a circuit which
included the Waterville/Grafton/Berwick area.

Children (6) of George Bowles and his second wife, Susan Shaw:

*VIII.I.6. LAURA BURGESS BOWLES (1877-1958) -My grandmother
VIII.I.8. NELLIE CANDLISH BOWLES (1881-1971). Twin to Jessie.
VIII.I.9. MAY ELIZABETH BOWLES (1872, Grafton-      )

     Details of each of the children of George Bowles are given
after information on the last sibling of his, Elizabeth Bowles

     My mother, Minnie Bishop Gates, can remember visiting with
her grandparents in Grafton.  She says that on her return there
mysteriously always seemed to be a new baby in the house!   Her
grandfather, George Bowles, always had an evening family Bible
reading time...Psalms and Proverbs being particular favourites.
There was to be no work nor "play" done on the Sabbath, even so
much as cutting out paper dolls nor using the swing.     Sunday
clothing had to be pressed and ready Saturday night. (at times,
Susan was known to take the iron into the pantry to do a secretive
last minute pressing of George's collar).    Minnie wrote a story
about her experiences visiting with her grandparents, in which she
took the pseudonym of "Susan".    It provides significant insight
into this family, which despite his "strictness" were loving
grandparents and a significant influence in her life.

     VIII.J. Elizabeth A. Bowles, b. 11 January 1832 d. 1922 m.
Isaiah Shaw Pineo,(1829 -1896) s/o William Pineo of Waterville.
"Aunt Libby" and her husband were buried at the churchyard of St
Andrew's, Waterville. The stone says the following:
                        "Isaiah S. Pineo
                         d. Oct 10 1896
                          aged 67 years
                          Elizabeth A.
                             his wife
                             At Rest"
  On the same stone are the names of their daughter, and her
family. Children:

          VIII.J.1. Annie B. Pineo (18 Feb.1863-1920) m. Burgess
MacMahon (22 Apr.1859-1933). In the 1901 census for Cambridge and
Waterville, her country of origin is stated as "French" and her
religion as Presbyterian; his as "Irish" and Methodist.        One
               VIII.J.1.a Keith MacMahon (1893-1956) m. Ethel L.
In the 1901 census, it appears to be her mother, Elizabeth Pineo,
living with the family, whose origin is said to be Scotch, and
          VIII.J.2. Naomi Pineo (1854-1858)
          VIII.J.3. Henrietta Pineo (1857-1859)
          VIII.J.4. John McKay Pineo (1859-1863)
On the stone, under the names of the children who died young, is
the statement "of such is the Kingdom of Heaven".
Philip Thorpe’s data has an additional two children:
          VIII.J.5. James C. Pineo b. 1860
          VIII.J.6. John L. Pineo b. 1868

Note: According to the 1861 census record, the biggest killer of
children at that time was diptheria, so this may have been the
cause of these children's deaths.

     VIII.K. WOODWORTH BOWLES (29 May 1829 -18 Apr. 1895) m. 20
Oct. 1853 in Waterville, Charlotte H. White (~1836-17 Mar. 1889).
Buried Waterville.   He is listed on his father’s probate on 30
March 1864.   Census records list him in the Somerset or Berwick
divisions. Children as per data of Philip Thorpe:
          VIII.K.1. IONA J. Bowles b.1854, m. 14 May 1874 in
Waterville, James E. Crowe (1848, Great Village -      ), son of
William Crowe (ship carpenter) and Jane.
14 May 1873) Presbyterian. James E. Crowe age 25, of Waterville,
(b. at Great Village), son of William and Jane Crowe, to Iona J.
Bowles age 18, dau of Woodworth and Charlotte Bowles.

Kings County Marriage Index (1864-1909):

No.   NAME                  PG.   YEAR

46 BOWLES, IONA J.          64   1873- 18, Res. Waterville, d/o
                       Woodworth & Charlotte (farmer), m. James
                       E. Crowe, 25, tinsmith , born Great
                  village, Res. Grafton, s/o William & Jane
                  (ship carpenter).

          VIII.K.2. HARRIS W. Bowles b. 1855. I suspect that this
is the Harry W. Bowles of this marriage record:

Harry W. Bowles b. Waterville ca. 1858, Blacksmith. m. 4 Mar 1878
(Parrsboro Baptist) Rebecca (      ) b. Black Rock ca. 1858 d/o
William & Elizabeth.
(Note: I wonder if this might be the origin of the Bruce Bowles
who recently owned the Maple Tree Inn at Parrsboro?)

          VIII.K.3. IDA Lucilla Bowles b. 1860, Waterville m. 22
Sep. 1881, in Waterville Presbyterian, Robert Allen Crowe (b.
1857, Londonderry, Colchester Co., N.S., s/o William and Jane
In 1881, resided Annapolis.
     Aunt Lorna remembers her mother had some Crowe "cousins" who
visited her. One was Gordon Crowe, who lived in Middleton. The
other was Dr Boyd Crowe, a dentist in Annapolis.
80 BOWLES, IDA L.         145 1881 - d/o Woodworth/Charlotte, m.
                                    Robert Crowe, tinsmith Res.
                                    Londonderry, s/o William
                               & Jane. George Bowles a witness.

             VIII.K.4. HENRY Trueman Bowles. Buried Waterville

             VIII.K.5. BESSIE Allison Bowles b. 1865, Cornwallis, d.
1883. Buried Waterville.

          VIII.K.6. HUGH GRAHAM Bowles b. 1868. Buried Waterville.

          VIII.K.7.   ROSE    Lilliam   Bowles    (1870-1882.     Buried

          VIII.K.8. NAOMI Pineo Bowles b. 1872, Waterville, m.
James A. Langille.

          VIII.K.9.   BURGESS   Woodworth   Bowles  2/12  Infant,
Waterville, d. 27 May 1875. Parents: Woodworth and Charlotte.
(Inflammation of bowels)
123 137 1875 Bowles, Burgess Woodworth - age 2 months, of
     "inflammation of the bowels", born Waterville to
     Woodworth and Charlotte, section master

          viii.k.10. GEORGE Obadiah Bowles. Buried Waterville.

          VIII.K.11. Herman E. Bowles b. 1883 d. 1899. Buried

          VIII.K.12. JAMES A. Bowles b. 1883 d. 1899. Buried
Waterville, Cemetery records of Waterville United lists James who
died age 15, Henry Truman, George Obediah, Herman e., Hugh graham,
Burgess N. Sons of Woodworth and Charlotte Bowles.

In a cemetery listing for St Andrew's United church in Grafton,
the following names were found:

Woodworth Bowles d. 18   April 1895 age 67 (ie. born 1828)
Charlotte H. Bowles d.   17 March 1889 age 52
Rose Lillian d. 9 Nov    1882 age 12
Bessie Allison d. Sept   1883 age 17
James A. d. 9 May 1899   age 15
Henry Trueman
George Obadiah
Hugh Graham
Burgess N.

From S. Franey's document:

Woodworth Bowles      m. 20 October     1853     Charlotte   H.   White.
     Iona b. ca. 1854
     Harris "Harry" W. b. ca 1858
     Ida b. ca. 1861
     Bessie Allison b. b. 9 Dec 1885 (according to the stone, she
                     would have been born 1866)
     Hugh G. b. ca. 1868
     Rose b. ca. 1870

Burgess Bowles. Ch: Ada Bowles b. Horton d. 1 Year old, 25 sept
1866 at Cornwallis.

     Near the end of this document, I will give some background on
the Shaw family and allied lines, including the Lyons, Phinneys,
Osborns, Skinners, and Pineos.

Now to return to my direct Bowles line of the George Bowles

     The Berwick Register, 22 Aug 1917 has the Obituary of George
     The death of Mr George Bowles occurred at his home in Grafton
on Thursday, August 9th, after and illness of some weeks resulting
from an injury sustained through a carriage accident.
     Mr Bowles was born in Waterville, February 11, 1831, the
youngest son of Mr Hugh Graham Bowles and his wife, Alice
(Newcomb). In his youth he learned the trade of a blacksmith at
which he worked for a time in Waterville. In the early fifties he
married Elizabeth Allison, granddaughter of Mr William Wilkinson,
then residing in the place now known as Grafton, and with whom the
children of his deceased daughter, Mrs Allison, had their home.
To this place, Mr Bowles removed, and here was his home for the
rest of his life.      Mrs Bowles died in 1864, leaving three
children: William W., Henry E.A., and Annie, now Mrs Manzer, of
Somerville, Mass.
     In 1868, Mr Bowles married Susan Shaw, daughter of the late
Mr Isaiah Shaw, of Berwick, who survives him.
     Five children by this marriage also survive. these are: Mr
Grant R. Bowles of Grafton, Mrs Alden Strong , of Hudson, Mass.,
Mrs G.L. Bishop, of Greenwich, Mrs W. B. Burgess and Mrs
K.O.Parker of Woodville. One daughter, May, wife of J. Howe Cox,
of Cambridge, died some years ago. With the exception of Henry,
who resides in Fargo, North Dakota, all the eight living children
were present at the deathbed of their father.
     One sister, Mrs Elizabeth Pineo, widow of the late Isaiah S.
Pineo, Esq., of Waterville, also survives.
     Mr Bowles, during his last illness, manifested remarkable
patience and hopefulness. He especially enjoyed the call of the
Rev. Mr Simpson, who visited him on the Sabbath preceeding his
death. When it became apparent that the end was near, his blessed
tranquility of spirit increased more and more, until the glorious
light of his eternal inheritance burst upon him.      His end was
peaceful and he crossed the bar with a smile of perfect confidence
in Him whom to know is life eternal.
     During his whole life Mr Bowles has been active and prominent
in business and in social life. Firm in his adherence to what he
believed to be right; quick to decide and prompt to act; of the
strictest integrity and, personally, one of the kindest and most
hospitable of men, his influence for good will long be felt in the
community in which he lived and his memory will be cherished by
all who had the privilege of his acquaintance.
     Mr Bowles was a member of the Presbyterian church, in which
he was chosen a Ruling Elder nearly thirty years ago.       In that
position, his wise counsel was often sought by his brethren of the
Session and by the various clergymen in charge of the field. His
home was a place where those who laboured for the Master were sure
of a welcome.
     The funeral took place on Saturday, August 11th.      Services
were conducted by the Rev. Mr Bell, of Canard, who founded a most
comforting and instructive discourse on 1 Cor., chap.15. The Rev.
Dr A. Chipman, of Berwick, a brother-in-law (note: Alice Shaw,
sister to Susan, married Alfred Chipman) of the deceased, took
part in the services.    Interment was in the cemetery connected
with St Andrew's church in Waterville. Mr Bowles was borne to his
last resting place by the loving hands of sons and sons-in-law.
Floral offerings from children, neighbours and friends were
especially beautiful.
     The music was in charge of Mr F.S. Bennett, who sang with
much feeling "One Sweetly Solemn Thought," "The Homeward Way," At
the closing a quartet sang "Shall we gather at the River."


The Berwick Register of 14 November 1917 has the Obituary of
George Bowles' second wife, Susan Shaw.
     The news of the death of Mrs George Bowles reached Grafton on
Saturday, Oct 27th. The sad event occurred the previous evening
at the home of her daughter, Mrs Alden Strong, in Hudson, Mass.,
and the receipt of the news caused profound sorrow to her many
friends and former neighbours in the community in which the
greater part of her life has been spent.
     Directly after the death and burial of her husband, which
occurred in August, Mrs Bowles went to Woodville to make her home
with her daughter, Nellie, Mrs Kenneth O. Parker, where everything
was done for her pleasure and comfort. Expressing a wish to visit
her daughters in Mass. before the winter set in, Mrs Bowles,
accompanied by her daughter, Jessie, Mrs W.B. Burgess, left for
that state on Oct 12th.     The trip was a pleasant one and Mrs
Bowles arrived apparently suffering little from fatigue. She spent
Saturday and part of the Sabbath with her granddaughter, Mrs Ford,
and Mrs Ford's mother, Mrs Manzer. On Sabbath afternoon she was
conveyed by auto to the home of her daughter, Addie, Mrs Strong,
in Hudson.     On Monday, she was found to be suffering from
pleurisy, which developed into pneumonia. A specialist was called
and the services of one of his best registered nurses were
secured. All that love and skill could do was done by the devoted
family to ease the suffering and prolong the life of the much-
loved mother.    All was in vain, and on Friday evening, October
26th, just two weeks from the day on which she left Nova Scotia,
Mrs Bowles passed peacefully away.
     The funeral took place at Waterville on the Tuesday
following. Before leaving Hudson, a short service was held at the
home of Mrs Strong.     This was conducted by the Rev. Mr Lowe,
pastor of the Congregational Church in Hudson. A solo "God will
take care of you," which had been a great favourite of the
deceased, was sung by Mrs Tarbell.      Mrs Burgess and her twin
sister, Mrs Parker- who, summoned by wire, had reached Hudson,
with her husband before her mother's death - accompanied the
remains to Waterville. The funeral party was joined in St John by
Mr and Mrs Grant R. Bowles and their daughter.     A large number
waited the arrival at Waterville. The service in the Presbyterian
church was conducted by the Rev. Mr Bell, of Canard, who preached
a most comforting sermon from I Peter 1;15-20.
     Two much appreciated solos "Will I be Forgotten?" and "Go
bury thy Sorrow," were sung by Mr Bennett.
     Loving friends at Waterville, had draped the pulpit in black
and white, Floral offerings were numerous and beautiful. among
them were:Pillow from family; wreaths from Mr and Mrs G.L.Bishop
and Leslie; from Mr & Mrs Howe Cox and family, and from Mr Apsley
of Hudson; cut flowers from Mr & Mrs F.A. Patterson and from Mr
and Mrs A. McN. Patterson; sprays from Messers. Hill and Dunbar of
Hudson, Mr & Mrs Whipple, nurse Tozier, boys of Mrs Strong's S.S.
class, ladies of the Congregational church, Hudson; from Ladies'
Sewing Club and from the grand Temple of Pythian Sisters of
Massachusetts; and sprays from Mrs L.W. Woodworth and Miss Allie
     The remains were tenderly laid to rest beside those of her
husband in the cemetery adjoining the Presbyterian House of
Worship at Waterville. By Mrs Bowles' death that church loses a
much loved and devoted member, who's household duties, though
many, were never allowed to interfere with her church work or with
her attendance at public services.    The community in which they
resided also mourns, in the removal of Mr and Mrs Bowles, the loss
of kindly and esteemed friends and neighbours, in whose hospitable
home all were made welcome, and the sympathy of all is extended to
the bereaved family.
The death record for Susan's father,Isaiah Shaw, was in KDR 1874:
29 March 1874, at Berwick, of Inflamation of Chest, Isaiah Shaw,
age 76, married, born Lower Granville, parents David (farmer) and
Desiah.    The informant was Isaiah Shaw and his death was
registered at Berwick by J.H. Parker.

Putting the times in perspective:
     On the second page of the same paper (1917) which carried Mrs
Bowles Obituary, is an add for "Canada's Victory Loan" where the
government of Canada is offering gold bonds @ 5 1/2 % interest, to
raise money for the war cause.
     The local notices for Berwick has the following:
VEAL WANTED any age. Bring or phone. ...T.R. Lyons"

"SAVING FOOD-      An Order-in-council has been passed, on
recommendation of the food controller, prohibiting after Nov.
30th, the use of any grains or foodstuffs for the distillation of
potable liquors."

War Comments: German sailors can only be induced to volunteer for
service on submarines through the promise of better food rations.
The same reason will in time cause the surrender of the German

Causalities: Killed in action: F.O.Hutchinson, Wolfville.
               Died of Wounds: R.B. Redden, Sommerset.


VIII.I.1. WILLIAM WILKINSON BOWLES (b. 20 May 1858,d. Waterville,
1935, age 76), merchant m. 26 May 1885 at Grafton Baptist (age 27)
Blanche Lawrence (age 21), d/o Charles and Annie Lawrence of
Billtown. Divorced.     They ran a store at Grafton Corner (where
the present store now stands).    In 1881 census, Will was listed
age 22 and a "student".
KMR #29 BOWLES, W.W. Pg. 178, 1885, age 27,   Grafton,   merchant,
s/o George & Elizabeth    m. Blanche Lawrence,born Billtown, d/o
Chas. & Annie. Grafton Baptist.
     William and Blanche separated, and Blanche took her son to
Roxbury, Mass. Lawrence used to come home during the summers and
stayed with his aunt Kate Congdon,     who lived across from the
store at Grafton Corner.      When his maternal grandmother (Mrs
Lawrence) died in 1938, Lawrence came home for the funeral but
about 1940, all contact with him was lost by the Congdon family,
and they never knew what happened to him. Lawrence's partner was
Florence Layton, who came to Grafton with him on one occasion.
     Uncle Will lived with Laura and George Bishop for a time.
Aunt Lorna can remember him playing hymns on the piano. Funeral
service for William W. Bowles was held at the home of a sister and
brother-in-law, Mr and Mrs William B. Burgess, at Woodville, 13
June 1935 with interment in the Grafton Cemetery.
* Obit? One son:
          VIII.I.1.a. Lawrence Allison Bowles. He may have lived
in Roxbury, MA.

VIII.I.2. ANNIE ELIZABETH BOWLES (b. 4 March 1861 d. 1943, age 82)
m. (1)16 June 1880 Adoniram Judson ("Judd") Brougham (or Broome).
Divorced.(2) Charles H. Manzer, of N.B. Res. Sommerville, Mass.
The christian names of Mr Brougham deserves a brief note.
Adoniram Judson was the name of a famous 19th century missionary to
India and Burma. Many families named sons in his honour.
KMR #41 BOWLES, ANNIE E. Pg.133, 1880-d/o George & Elizabeth
(Allison) m. Judson Brown, a cooper, b. New Ross, Res. Grafton,
s/o David & Eleanor. minister: Rev MacDougall.
The Presbyterian Witness 23 July 1881 also lists the marriage, at
Grafton, of Annie E. Bowles to Judson Brown of Grafton.
By first husband, had one child:
           VIII.I.2.a. Willie Winnifred Brougham (29 May 1881 d. 11
           Nov. 1967) m. Charles Sumner Ford (23 Jan 1877 d. 14 Aug
           1940) I can remember "Aunt Win" who lived in
Massachusetts, visiting Nana Bishop.     She was a vivacious woman
who was very musical, and played the piano by ear). Two children:
                VIII.I.2.a.i. Sumner Maxwell Ford (19 Dec.1903- d.
           1 Feb. 1982) m.21 Sept ?1934 Harriett Mason ( b.4
     Mar ?1898). No children. He was a talented piano
                VIII.I.2.a.ii. Dorothy May Ford (b. 15 April 1906
           d. 1994) m. 22 June 1935 John F. MacKenzie (b. 8
     Dec. 1905 d. 18 Jan 1975). Two children:
                     . Carol Sandra MacKenzie (b. 21 May 1938 d. 6
                     Jan 1956 of Wilson's Disease)
                     . Donald Bruce MacKenzie (b. 3 Jan 1940 )m.
                     1963 (1)Suzanne     Alexandra    Steele,     at
Stratford,                                Conn. Marriage annulled.
                          (2) Maria Norris. One child, Cheryl Ann
                               MacKenzie     b.    7   June    1968.
                         (3) Oct 1980 Bette Sue Glocker (b. 25
Nov                           1947). One child, Marjorie Alison
                         MacKenzie, b. 30 Dec 1981.
                              Stepson: Karl Glocker b. 14 Feb

VIII.I.3. HENRY EDWARD ALLISON BOWLES (b.26 Dec. 1862/3 d. 1948,
age 86) Cornwallis Township, m. ?(1) Minnie Dunn (1877-1946) and
(2) Mabel Laing (30 July 1881 - 1917), of London Ontario. In 1881
census, Henry was 17 and a "school teacher".      He met Mabel in
Fargo, North Dakota. She died of a blood clot when Al was born.
Henry Bowles owned a wholesale fruit business in Minneapolis,
Minnesota, where they had one child:

          VIII.I.3.a. Allison Laing Bowles (6 April 1917-15 Dec.
1998, Minneapolis) m.27 March 1943,   Eunice Cummings (b. 4 Sept
1922), who traces her ancestry back to a Scot who emigrated to
Mass. in 1627. (there is a published genealogy of this family.
Lorna Huston has a copy). Al and Eunice visited Nova Scotia in
1988. Three children:

               VIII.I.3.a.i. Connie Lee Bowles, b. 4 June 1944
                          m. (20 Aug 1966) Jim Barry, b. 1 March
                          1943).    They came to N.S. on their
honeymoon, and I met them at this time, as they were interested in
collecting information, and meeting as many relatives as possible.
Res. Minneapolis. One child:
                               Jason Barry, b. 9 Oct. 1972.
At the time of Al's death, Connie and her "special friend" Wally
McCarthy, were listed on the bulletin of the memorial service.

               VIII.I.3.a.ii Barbara Ann Bowles, b. 28 June 1950
                    m. (22 Aug 1972) Dennis Axel (b. 1950)
               Res. Monticello, Mn. (about 50 miles from
               Minneapolis). One child, Lisa Ann Axel,
          b. 23 April 1981.

               VIII.I.3.a.iii Debra Eunice Bowles b. 28 July 1957,
                         m. 30 June 1990 Richard Mari, b. 15 Sept
                         1953. Res. San Francisco, California.

At the time of Al's death, Debra and "special friend"         Chet
Matuszak, are on the bulletin of the memorial service.
Children of George Bowles and his second wife, Susan Shaw,d/o
Isaiah Shaw and Sarah Lyons, follow.

VIII.I.4. GRANT RUSSELL BOWLES (b. 5 Jan 1869/70 d. of cancer, 30
Nov. 1957) m. 19 Sept 1894 @ Bridgetown Presbyterian, by Rev
Whidden, Elizabeth (Lizzie) C. Chesley (1871-1928) d/o Washington
and Hattie Chesley, merchant.      Lizzie is buried in Riverside
cemetery, Bridgetown, next to her parents, W.W. Chesley(1843-1924)
amd Harriett (1842-1923). The stone reads:
"Elizabeth Chesley (1870-1928) wife of Grant R. Bowles".
The Presbyterian Witness of 29 Sep 1894 lists their marriage by
Rev. R.S. Whidden 19 Sept.1894.
     Grant was a blacksmith and undertaker who lived in the house
right across from the Grafton Baptist church. His blacksmith shop
was on the same side of the road as the church and just past it to
the South (toward Waterville).    Two children, both of whom are
buried at Waterville.

          VIII.I.4.a. Vivian Bowles (b. 1896 d. 8 May 1911 age 15
     of scarlet Fever. On her stone
                            daughter of
                      Grant and Lizzie Bowles
                          died 8 May 1911
                        aged 15 years 3 mon
                          Our loved one.

My mother was told that Lizzie never recovered from the death of
her daughter Vivian.

          VIII.I.4.b. Beatrice C. Bowles (7 Jan 1903 d. 1959, age
     56) "Bea" was a particular friend of my mother's, as she
     used to play with her when Minnie visited her
     grandparents in Grafton. Mom described her as "full of
     fun". She also had scarlet fever which left her with a
     stutter. She never married.
               On same stone as above:
                           "his daughter
                            Beatrice C.

VIII.I.5. SARAH ADELAIDE BOWLES (~1873          ) m.(8 May 1900)
Alden          Strong. "Aunt Addie" Res. Hudson or West Newton,
MA., U.S.A.   Note: there are 3 Strongs listed in the 1861 census
in Lakeville, namely, Abel (12 in family), John E. (7 in family)
and David (5 in family).     Unknown if one of these is Alden's
family, but according to Eaton's History of Kings, Abel Strong was
child of Stephen Stong Jr (b. 1725 in Lebanon, Connecticut), who
received a land grant in Cornwallis, Nova Scotia in 1761.      Abel
Strong was married to Sarah, d/o David Eaton.         According to
Stephen Franey, Alden Strong"s descent is thus: Alden (6), George
(5), James (4), Peter (3), Stephen (2), Stephen (1).
     The Presbyterian Witness lists their marriage at Grafton, by
Rev. John Hawley.     In this, Alden Strong is said to be of
Portland, ME.and her name is said to be Addie Allison Bowles.

     Children of Alden and "Addie" (Bowles) Strong :
          VIII.I.5.a. Lorna Reid Strong (    -     ) m. Gordon
               Melvin (b. 9 Dec 1894 ) Lorna taught art at the
Vesper George School of Art. Dr Melvin was a professor of English
at Columbia University. Three (?) children:
               VIII.I.5.a.i. Alice Branch Melvin b. 21 April 1938.
                         Unmarried. Lives in family home.
               VIII.I.5.a.ii. Mary Lorna Melvin b. 15 March 1941
               m. Vincent Petronella. No children.

*VIII.I.6. LAURA BURGESS BOWLES ( 4 May 1877 -28 May 1958 age 81)
m.28 Dec. 1904 @ the Bowles home in Grafton, to GEORGE LOVETT
WATSON BISHOP (5 Sept 1876-31 Oct 1955 age 79), s/o James Lovett
Bishop and Hannah Amelia Neary (1836-1876). Amelia Neary was d/o
Henry (b. 1804) and Mary b. 1806 (Forsythe) Neary of Greenwich,
The Presbyterian Witness of 14 Jan 1905, Vol. LVIII, No.2, p16,
lists their marriage 28 Dec 1904 by Revs John Hawley and A. P.
 Seven children:
     VIII.I.6.a. Marion Eileen Bishop (1906-1978)
     VIII.I.6.b. Jessie Reade Bishop (1908-    )
     *VIII.I.6.c. Minnie Pauline Bishop (1909-1989) mother.
     VIII.I.6.d. Nellie Mae Bishop (1912-    )
     VIII.I.6.e. Lorna Amelia Bishop (1914- )
     VIII.I.6.f. Lovett Bishop (1914 -   ) Twin to Lorna.
     VIII.I.6.G. Helen Winnifred Bishop (1917-1975)

KMR #42 BISHOP, JAMES LOVETT Pg 106,1877,age 45, widower, farmer,
methodist, s/o Gurdon D. and Louisa (farmer) m. Eliza Forsythe,
30, d/o Enoch A. & Rebecca. Both of Greenwich.
                    Witnesses: Hy Neary and Ormand
                    Forsythe. Methodist.
(Laura Bowles married George, son of James L. Bishop.
Louisa Bishop (1804-1883) was d/o Phineas and Rachel (Lovett)
Oakes, of Wilmot, who married Gurdon Dennison Bishop(1798-1875),
s/o William Dennison Bishop (1762-1837) and Hannah Comstock (1771-
     The Oakes were a Loyalist family (Jesse Oakes and Deborah
Baldwin) who lived near Bridgetown, Annapolis County.
     Rachel Lovett was d/o Phineas Lovett(1745-1828) and Abigail
Thayer. The Lovetts lived at Round Hill Annapolis County.
     Hannah Comstock (b. 1771) was the d/o Ezekial Comstock, of
Montville, Connecticut.

KMR #117 BISHOP, GEORGE LOVETT Pg.89,1904, age 28, farmer, b.
Greenwich, s/o James Lovett & the late Amelia, m. Laura    Burgess
Bowles, 24, b. Grafton, d/o George & Susan (Blacksmith).
Witnesses: Leslie H.Bishop and Jessie McD Bowles. Rev John Hawley.

     Details for each child of George and Laura (Bowles) Bishop
given below.

VIII.I.7. JESSIE MACDOUGALL BOWLES (b. 15 March 1881 d. Nov. 1957,
age 76) m. 1905 William Boyd Burgess (1876-1954)
The Presbyterian Witness 26 Aug. 1905 lists their marriage at
Grafton by Rev. Hawley and Rev. Logan, of Bedford.

KMR #57 BOWLES, JESSIE MCDOUGALL Pg 93,1905- m. William Boyd
Burgess, merchant.

Res. Woodville, Kings County (the property now owned by Keith
Boates). Buried Berwick. Mom described her as being quite a tease
and always up to mischief. She was an assertive, vocal, "right in
your face" kind of woman, who "didn't abide fools well". She was
a staunch Christian and kindly person. Sounds to me like the kind
of woman who would have made a fine suffragette!
     William Burgess was descended from Seth Burgess in this way:
Wiliam Jehiel, Seth, Benjamin, Seth.         (See Burgess family
information above). More detail on this family may be found PANS:
Burgess Genealogy by Dr Barry Burgess.    Jessie and Will Burgess
had two children:
     VIII.I.7.a. Bertha May Allison Burgess (Mary) ( 15 Jan.1914 -
2 Jan.1994) m. 1935 Beverley Reeves Wade (22 Jan. 1914 - 1975)
s/o Mr & Mrs Frederick A. Wade, Kentville. Res. New Minas. Bev
had a chain of grocery stores in the valley, and was very active
in community affairs, such as the volunteer fire department.
Burial Elm Grove Cemetery, Steam Mill. Children:
Note: 12 grandchildren, according to her obituary.

          VIII.I.7.a.i.   William Frederick Stephen (Bill) Wade b.
1938   m. Elizabeth Walsh. Res. Hillaton.     Bill has been on the
news lately (1995) as he has been active in the provincial Liberal
party. Children:
               .   Michael Wade
               .   Karen Wade
               .   Mary Wade
               .   Rebecca Wade
               .   Robert Wade
               .   Jordan Wade

          VIII.I.7.a.ii. Mary Lee Wade b.17 Mar 1941      m.    Bill
          Woodworth. Res. Kentville. Children:

                      .   Donald Woodworth m Barbara Sanford.
                      .   Timothy Woodworth m. Jacquelyn
                      .   Scott Woodworth
                      .   Patti Woodworth

          VIII.I.7.a.iii. Margaret Wade b.9 Nov 1946 m.(1972)
     Donald Poulter. Res. Waverley (63 Ridge Ave.), Children:

                      . Carrie Poulter b. 18 Sept. 1973. Presently
                      a student at U.N.B.
                      . Matthew Poulter b. 14 Oct. 1975

     VIII.I.7.b. Donald Boyd Burgess (29 August 1910 -  ) m.
     Ermine   Irene Calkin. (8 Jan 1914 - 16 July 1994). Res
     Cambridge. 3 children:

          VIII.I.7.b.i. Donald Boyd Burgess (b. 14 Oct.1933)
     m.Ester Woodworth of New Minas.         Res. Lr. Sackville.
               . Shawna Glee Burgess. b. 11 Nov. ca. 1960. Res.
               . Jayne Burgess b. ca. 1964 m. Michael Smith. Res.

           VIII.I.7.b.ii. William (Bill) Barry Burgess (b.17
     March,1939) m.(1963) Marjorie E. Lively, of Upper Rawdon.
           Res. Rockingham (17 Prince's Walk, B3M 2N3). Bill has a
web site on which he posted my Bowles document. It may be found
                . Johanna Ermine Burgess b. 31 Dec. 1963 m. Stephen
                     Everett, of Dartmouth. Res.Dartmouth. 2
                         .Colin Burgess Everett b. 1 April 1992
                         . Rachel Ermine Everett b. 16 July 1994

          VIII.I.7.b.ii. Jessie Irene Burgess, b. 30 July 1948   m.
          Doug Brown of Berwick. Res. Kentville.
               . Jason Brown
               . Christopher Brown b. 1972?

VIII.I.8. NELLIE CANDLISH BOWLES (b. 15 March 1881 d. 6 Nov. 1971,
age 90) m. 20 Aug 1910 Kenneth Owen Parker.(1886-1945), s/o Owen
and Waittie (Chute) Parker. Res. Woodville, Kings County, on the
road going to Centreville in the property recently owned by the
late Bill and Edna Morton (no more than a quarter of a mile from
Woodville corner heading East).     Buried Berwick.   In the 1881
census her name is given as "Effie". In her younger days, Aunt
Nellie developed tuberculosis. The treatment was to open up her
chest and expose it to sunlight. Although not expected to live,
she recovered and lived longer than any of the family! She was
very small and frail looking when I knew her, and I recall that
she had broken a hip, as did her sister, Laura Bishop.        As I
recall, she was a lovely , kind, and gentle lady. Two children:

     VIII.I.8.a. Phyllis Adelaide Bowles Parker (5 Jan 1920- 14
Sept.1994) m.1949 Charles F. Cox. Res.Cambridge. No children.

      VIII.I.8.b. Dorothy ("Dotty") May Bowles Parker, (26 Nov.
1927-     ) m. 1951 Shirley Lewis (Lew) Thomas. Res. Bridgewater.
Dotty told me that her mother had told her that Hugh Graham Bowles
came out from Scotland at the age of four. Two children:

          VIII.I.8.a.i Kenneth Olsen Thomas (b. 9 July 1954) m.
Rhian Calcott of Berwick. Ken was admitted to the Bar of N.S. in
Feb 1980. Res. Bridgewater, N.S.
                    . Owen Hugh Thomas b. 1984
                    . Ethan John Thomas b. 1986
                    . Isaac Lewis Thomas b. 1990
                    . Bronwen Jane Thomas b. 1993

          VIII.I.8.a.ii. Julia Ann Thomas (13 July 1959) m. Bruce
Bingham of Victoria, B.C.. Res. Terrance, B.C.
                    . Brittany Marie Bingham b. 1989
                    . Benjamin Joshua Bingham b. 1992

VIII.I.9. MAY (MABLE according to 1881 census) ELIZABETH BOWLES
(1872 @ Grafton -1911)    m. Presbyterian, 4 Sept 1892 James Howe
Cox.(b. 1867 -1930) s/o John and Jessie Cox of Cambridge Station,
Kings County. Witnesses: Grant Bowles and Ethel Cox.
The Presbyterian Witness 17 Sep 1892 lists the marriage of Mary E.
Bowles, d/o George Bowles, Grafton, 7 Sept. at Grafton, to J. Howe
Cox of Cambridge, by Rev. F.S. Coffin.
  Buried Cambridge. He m. (2) Bertha Allen.

KMR #72 BOWLES, MAY E. Pg.250,1892, age 20, born and Res. Grafton,
d/o George & Susan, m. I Howe Cox, 25, born Brooklyn St, Res.
Cambridge Station, s/o John & Jessie. Witnesses: Grant Bowles and
Ethel Cox.

     VIII.I.9.a. James Allison Cox. (b. 1901 d. 5 Aug. 1979) m.
(1) Treva Whyman and (2) Olive Todd.       Allison is buried at
Hillcreast Memorial Gardens, Halifax.   By first wife, he had a
          VIII.I.9.a.i Alden Cox (b.      ) m. ?. 8

     VIII.I.9.b. George Cox. (b. 22 Nov. 189    ) m.
               Res. Cambridge. No children. Married
                    (1) Marion Ray
                    (2) Mabel Dodge

     Now I will give more detail on my maternal grandparents,
Laura Bowles and George Bishop.
     Laura and George Bishop are buried at Willowbank Cemetery,
Wolfville. I was told they were married at her home in the middle
of a snowstorm, and the groom and best man had some difficulty
getting there. I have a photocopy of their marriage record from
PANS (mf #16362 #117 pg 89). They were married by the Presbyterian
minister, Rev. John Hawley, and the witnesses were his brother,
Leslie H. Bishop, and her sister, Jessie McD Bowles.
     My mother told me that the Shaw family (Susan's family) were
not very happy about Susan marrying a Presbyterian, as they were
Baptists. (Perhaps the "strict" Presbyterian was too strict for
their liking?!)   When my grandmother, Laura Bowles, decided to
marry George Bishop of Greenwich, who was going to Acadia
University at the time (he graduated in 1899), and had been
considering studying for the ministry, the Shaws thought this was
great....she would be coming back to the Baptist fold.       [they
actually ended up going to the Methodist (now United) church in
Greenwich, which is where my mother married my (Baptist) father.
Do you suppose the Shaws smiled from their resting place?]
     The Berwick Register, 5 Jan 1905, had the following account
of the marriage of Laura Bowles and George Bishop:
     An event ever interesting to young persons took place on
Wednesday evening, Dec.28th, at the handsome residence of George
Bowles Esq., Grafton, when his daughter, Laura Burgess ("Birdie"),
a charming and popular young lady, was married to George Lovett
Bishop, of Greenwich. The hour for the wedding was 6:30 O'clock.
Rev. John Hawley, assisted by Rev. A.P.Logan, (of Bedford)
officiated.   The house is one which lends itself effectively to
floral decorations.    The parlours were certainly very attractive
in their dress of fern, potted plants, and garlands of ribbon and
holly. The bride, looking very lovely, entered with her father;
her cousin, Mrs Burgess MacMahon, rendering on the piano, as the
bridal party, ushered by Miss Linda Woodroffe, entered the drawing
room and took their places under a floral arch of green and white,
the wedding march from Mendelsohn, and at the conclusion of the
ceremony, the bridal chorus from Lohengrin.        The bride was
beautifully gowned in white taffeta silk with chiffon trimmings
and veil, and white hyacinths, and was attended by her sisters,
Jessie and Nellie; the former being attired in a gown of mauve
silk, the latter in nile green silk. Both gowns were trimmed with
white silk and chiffon trimmings. The groom was attended by his
brother, Leslie.    The ceremony was followed by a reception and
supper   when    friends   had    an   opportunity  of    extending
congratulations. Later, Mr and Mrs Bishop left for their home in
Greenwich. There was a large and valuable collection of wedding
gifts. A few of the many were a dinner set, from her family; a
cut glass berry set, Mr & Mrs James B. Murray; a substantial
cheque from the groom's sister in Portland, Oregan; another from
the bride's brother in Fargo, North Dakota; a jersey handled
carving set, Mr and Mrs A. McN. Patterson; large mantle clock, Mr
and Mrs A.K. Forsyth; parlour table, Mr and Mrs A.F. Newcomb;
besides china and silverware from numerous other friends.

In the same 1905 newspaper can be found the following, which helps
put the time frame in perspective, and mentions some familiar

AN IMPENDING REVOLUTION: Russia is all on the boil. The opening
of a safety valve often makes a tremendous and deafening fizz, but
it is far better than having no safety valve, and the new Minister
if the Interior, Prince Sulatopolk - Mirsky, is probably to be
congratulated on having prevented an explosion.     Of course, the
danger is not over, and the explosive elements would be more
dangerous then ever, should the advice of the grand dukes and of
the grand inquisitor, Pobiedonosteff, be taken, and an attempt be
made to return to autocratic conditions.    It seems certain that
some concessions will have to be made, and those who warn the Czar
that no compromise is possible short of constitutional government
are perhaps correct.

IF YOU ARE LOSING WEIGHT: Your system is out of order and
Ferrozone is needed to start a rebuilding process.       Ferrozone
makes new tissues, forms wholesome blood, strengthens the nerves,
and keeps your physical condition up to the proper standard...

(Note: How times have changed! Now people are looking for the
miraculous way to lose weight!)

GATES' LINAMENT: 15 cents, former price 25 cents. Central Drug

WATERVILLE: The members of the Presbyterian church presented Mrs
Reginald Shaw (Miss Edna Bowles), who has been a member of the
choir, with a very handsome silver syrup pitcher and spoon, as a
wedding gift.

Mr and Mrs Everett Kinsman were guests of her sister, Mrs Norman
Bowles, recently.

GRAFTON: Mrs G.R. Bowles, and her little daughter, Beatrice,
arrived home last week from their visit to the United States.

Mrs Stephen Griffin of Wolfville arrived in town Wednesday of last
week to be present at the wedding of Mr G.L.Bishop and Miss L. B.

A meeting of the Kings County Temperance Alliance will be held at
Bowles' Hall Waterville on Jan 6th.

... THE ESSENTIALS OF EDUCATION: The three essentials of
education, as laid down by Professor Robertson, are: (1)
Intelligence                (2) Ability, and (3) Public Spirit.
Education must develop all three; the marks of an uneducated man
are ignorance, helplessness, and selfishness... his indictment of
the school system today is that it aims only to develop
intelligence, heedless of practical capability, and regardless of
public spirit... the gathering of intelligence, unaccompanied by
public spirit, is described as "the most miserable of mean
ambitions".    He road a savage tilt at the theory that the three
R's are sufficient....

     George and Laura ("Bird") Bishop lived in a large home at the
top of the hill in Greenwich, Kings County, where the "station
hill" road from Port Williams intersects the #1 highway leading
from Wolfville to Kentville. George was a farmer and a municipal
councillor.    He was planning to be a Baptist minister, and
studying at Acadia University (from where he graduated with B.A.
in 1899), then decided to marry Laura instead. Although she had
never had formal training beyond high school, Laura had been a
schoolteacher before her marriage. Seven children:
     The nickname "Bird" was given to her by her uncle who thought
"Laura" sounded much too old for her. I've since read that it was
not an uncommon nickname among Scottish people.

     The following was taken from the Acadian Recorder, circa
1958, and gives a very nice tribute to the kind of woman my
grandmother was:
"A GREENWICH WOMAN HONORED - To the Editor of The Acadian:
     Dear Sir;
     It was with great pleasure that I attended a surprise
Afternoon Tea given by her neighbours and friends to Mrs
G.L.Bishop, at her home this Tuesday past.     Over thirty ladies
gathered at 3:30 to enjoy a social cup of tea and to wish their
hostess "Many Happy Returns of the Day".
     A program prepared by Mrs Robert Bishop consisted of musical
selections by Mrs Ralph Balcolm, Mrs Howard Pulsifer, and Miss
Joan Calkin, and a reading by Miss Bessie Fraser. Then, Mrs J.W.
Bartlett in a few well-chosen words, presented Mrs Bishop with a
number of gifts from the community, including a beautiful bouquet
of flowers.    Mrs L.H. Bishop presided over the teacups at a
bountifully supplied table, centred with a decorated birthday
cake. Serving were Mrs J.F. Calkin, Mrs Charles Fenwick, Mrs H.M.
Pulsifer, Mrs A.S. Fenwick, Miss Joan Calkin, and Mrs Harry
     It is seemly that I should write of this, as I am one of the
few remaining friends who can recall when Mrs George Bishop came
here as a bride. Her first home was just across the field from
mine; and never through the years of her stay there did I have
cause to wish that someone else had the open view of my back door.
To spy or tattle was unknown between us, but whenever my home was
plunged into a crippling sorrow or distress, her floured hands
brought across that field many a tasty dish for our refreshment.
And it was thus with everyone else. Down through the past forty-
four years in our community, there overflowed from her happy home
and family deeds of kindness and good-will which warmed the hearts
of all. What greater contribution could one make in this war-torn
world of hate and selfishness!
     It is true, we have many homes and many birthdays around us
which will never be visited by such a happy occasion as this
community party.    But surely it is becoming that we sometimes
pause and show our appreciation for one who has, during so long a
period of years, unremittingly extended a friendly hand to
everyone within reach.
                         Jennie C. Bishop

Following is information on the children of Laura (Bowles) and
George Bishop:

     VIII.I.6.a. MARION EILEEN BISHOP (22 Jan 1906 - 1 July 1978,
age 72) m.23 Oct 1929 Reuben Robinson MacMahon (7 May 1896 - 2 Jan
1981) Res. Aylesford. Marion was a graduate of the Home Economics
program of Mount Allison University, and taught school.     Reuben
was a farmer at Aylesford. They had 4 children:

          VIII.I.6.a.i. Donald George MacMahon (1930 -1995) m.15
     Aug. 1963, Mary Elizabeth Bishop. Res. Church Street,
     Port Williams. Don was a graduate of Acadia, and
     taught school.   Two children (chosen):
                         . Hilary Meridith MacMahon b. 1971
                         . Ian Paul MacMahon b. 1972

           VIII.I.6.a.ii.   Robert   Lovett  MacMahon   b.1931 m.
Constance            Spinney. Res. Coldbrook. Bob was a graduate
of              N.S.A.C. 5 children:
                . Lynn MacMahon b. 1956 m. Mark Campbell. Res
           Greenwich. Lynn is a graduate of Acadia and is a
     dietitian at Windsor. Two children, Sarah Lynn
     Campbell b. 1984, and Jared    Mark Campbell, b.

               .   Robinson   Leslie   MacMahon  b.  1957  m.1978
Jacqueline                Maclaren.   Two children, Jill MacMahon
b. 1976, and              Ryan MacMahon b. 1979.

               . Karen Ann MacMahon b. 1959 m. 1984 John A.
     MacDonald. Res. Dartmouth. Two children, Nicholas
     Alexander MacDonald b. 1986 and Matthew Scott
      MacDonald b. 1989.

                . Timothy MacMahon b. 1966 m. 1989 Tabatha Faye
                Richardson. Res. Coldbrook.

           VIII.I.6.a.iii Malcolm Burton MacMahon (1933-1987) m.
      Shirley Riley. Res.Dartmouth. Two children:
                     .Lou-Ann MacMahon b. 1962 m. James Covill.
                     Graduate of st Mary's University.
                     .Shawna MacMahon b. 1966

            VIII.I.6.a.iv. Lorna Mae MacMahon, b. 1935   m. 1960
Lloyd                 Gillis. Res. Wolfville, then Shaw Road,
Berwick.              Lorna is a graduate of Mount Allison .Four
                     . Lisa Sue Gillis b.1962     m. Bruce Madore.
Two                  children, Sarah Jane Madore b. 1984, and
                Madelaine Madore, b. 1986.

                     . Peter Scott Gillis b.1963 m.
                          Peter is a graduate of Acadia.

                     . Christopher Mark Gillis b.1966           m..
                          Christopher is a graduate        of   Mount
Allison                        and TUNS.
                     . Andrew Ben Gillis b. 1971

     VIII.I.6.b. JESSIE READE BISHOP (b.3 Feb. 1908-         ) m.
Sidney Patterson.     Res.Port Arthur, Willowdale, and Orillia
Ontario. Jessie studied music at Mount Allison, and graduated from
Presbyterian College in Toronto.     She worked at the Brunswick
Street United Church in Halifax before her marriage. She lived in
Port Arthur, Willowdale and Orillia Ontario. After the death of
her husband, she removed to Kingston, Ontario, where in 1999 she
is living at Amherstview Seniors home. Two children:

               VIII.I.6.b.i. Elinor Mae Patterson, b.@ Wolfville
1945 m. Ernest W. Straker.     Elinor worked as an  Occupational
Therapist until her disability (m.s.) forced her to stop work.
Res. near Kingston (Moscow, Ontario).

               VIII.I.6.b.ii.  William  Bishop   Patterson,  b.@
Wolfville 1947 m. 1976 Kathleen Edna Riley. Res King City,
Ontario. Graduate of Queens University, Kingston, Ontario. Three
                    . Kenneth James Patterson b. 1977
                    . Lindsay Judith Patterson b. 1980
                    . Jody Elizabeth Patterson b. 1982

     VIII.I.6.c. MINNIE PAULINE BISHOP (2 May 1909 @ Greenwich,
N.S.-24 Jan. 1989 @ Dorval, P.Q.) m. 25 July 1936 @ Greenwich
United Church to IRVINE ELLIOTT GATES (21 Dec. 1906 @ Kentville -
9 Sept. 1988 @ Port Williams. As the United church minister was
away, Minnie asked Dr Prince to officiate, as she knew him from
when she taught school in Waterville. Rev Gregg assisted. Both
are buried in Fox Hill Cemetery, next to his parents, John
Ingerson Gates and Minnie Amelia Clem. It is an Historic Site, as
many of the early Cornwallis Township settlers are buried there,
including Col John Burbidge, who originally gave the land to the
church. This cemetery is located on the North side of land
purchased in 1920 by John Ingerson Gates.        Irvine Gates (my
father) donated land to square off the cemetery, and in return,
received 10 burial lots in this cemetery, for use by his family.
His parents, as well as he and my mother are buried there.      It
was originally an Anglican cemetery for the parish church, but now
is also used by the general public.
     Minnie attended Normal College in Truro, and became a school
teacher in various Kings county schools, such as Lower Wolfville,
Dempsey Corner, Woodville, Waterville, Port Williams, prior to her
marriage in 1936. When I started school in 1951, I was told "If
you get the strap in school, you'll get another one when you get
home". We certainly knew from day one, who was in charge of the
classroom, and I don't believe gave our teachers too much trouble.
My mother strongly believed in the value of an education, and
encouraged all of us to go to university, even the girls, "just in
case" something should happen to our husbands, and we are left to
support a family.
     Minnie and Irvine Gates had 5 children:

          VIII.I.6.c.i. Carleton Irvine Gates, b.22 Oct. 1937 m.
     21 May 1962 to Frona Bowlby,d/o Vernon and Marion (Berry)
     Bowlby, of Black Rock, Kings Co. Res. Port Williams,
     where Carl runs the family farm (Belkington Park). Carl
     studied Geology and theology at Acadia. Three children:
               . Douglas Carleton Gates b. 21 March 1963 m. 25
July                1992 @ Sydney, N.S. Marianne Gillis, d/o Joe
               Gillis of Sydney. Res Port Williams. In 1999
               had one child, Gillianne Minnie Gates.
               . Elizabeth Jane Gates b. 13 Nov.1967, chosen. m.
               1985 @ Port Williams, Richard Ernest Ward, s/o
                 Rev. and Mrs Harry Ward Res.Port Williams. Two
                           .Jason Curtis Ward b.1 Nov.1985
                           .Alyssa Nicole Ward b. 5 Sept 1988
                 . Craig Irvine Gates b.26 July 1971, chosen. In
            1999 was living in Northern Alberta.

          VIII.I.6.c.ii Marion Louise Gates b.6 Nov. 1938 m. 1964
     @ Toronto, Dr. Robert William Waddell, s/o John Craig
     Waddell. Res. Toronto. Marion is a graduate of
     Acadia. Children:
               . Jennifer Lynn Waddell b. 2 Feb. 1968         Res.
Toronto. Graduated from University of Toronto and is working with
the Royal Bank in public relations.
               . Robert John Waddell b. 28 Sept 1969. Res.
Toronto. Works as a computer consultant.
               . Allison Amy Waddell b.10 Jan 1972. Res Toronto.
Graduated from Queen's University in Kingston, and in 1999 working
for Dominion Securities.

          VIII.I.6.c.iii John Milton Gates b.21 Jan. 1941 m.30
1965           Jane Susan Krohn, d/o Martin and Ellen Krohn of
          Great Barrington, Mass.   Res. Kingston, Rhode
          Island. John is a graduate of MacDonald College of
     McGill, Montreal, University of Connecticutt, and
     Berkley, after which he taught economics at the
     University of Rhode Island. Two children:
               . Jonathan Irvine Gates b.9 Dec. 1972. Graduate of
      Bowdoin College, Maine and McGill University school of
medicine. Currently (2000) taking internship in Portland, Maine.
               . Sander Martin Gates b.24 Jan. 1975. Graduate of
      Amherst College, Mass. and in 1999 working in
     Information Technology in Framington, MA.

            VIII.I.6.c.iv. Barbara Marie Gates b. 23 June 1945 m.5
       March 1966 (1) Jeffrey John Saunders, of Shawinigan, P.Q.
       Barb is a graduate of Acadia. Two children:
                 . Kevin Jeffrey Saunders b. 1966. Res. Burlington,
                 . Todd Saunders b. 1969. Res. Hamilton, ON.
                 Barb m. 1982 (2) Bernard Shiers. Divorced. Res.

            VIII.I.6.c.v. Doris Eileen Gates b. 7 Aug 1946 m. (2)
            22 June,1974 @ First Baptist Dartmouth, Peter Thorpe.
            Doris is a graduate of Acadia and in 1997 retired
       as a dietitian at N.S. Hospital in Dartmouth. Two
               . Laura Jean Thorpe b. 5 Nov 1976 @ Halifax
               . Julie Katherine Thorpe b. 9 June 1979 @ Halifax.
     Both graduated from Prince Andrew High School.      Julie is
currently taking a coop education course in Computer Science at
Dal-Tech University, Halifax.

     VIII.I.6.d. NELLIE MAE BISHOP b. 25 July 1912 d. Nov 1994.
Res. Greenwich.   Nellie was a Registered Nurse, and worked for
many years in the U.S.A., returning upon retirement to live with
her sister, Lorna Huston, in Greenwich.

     VIII.I.6.e. LORNA AMELIA BISHOP b.9 July 1914 m. Francis
     (Frank) Huston III, s/o Frank and Martha (Doyle) Huston. Res
     Greenwich. Lorna is a graduate of Mack's Business College in
     Kentville and worked as a legal secretary and at Acadia. One
          VIII.I.6.e.i. Frank "Skip" Huston b. 1944 m. Judith
          Grant, d/o Donald McArthur Grant (from Gabarus, Cape
Breton) and Margaret Lillian Belcher of Alberta.
Frank is a graduate of Acadia and works with DuPont in Guelph,
Ontario. Two children:

               . Heather L. Huston b.1969 m. 5 June 1993 Andrew
Thomas Nageleisen. Res. Elmira, Ontario.   Heather graduated from
Conestata College in Business Administration.   Child, Erika b. 6
Sept. 2000.

               . Catherine Patricia Huston b.1972       m. Michael
James Webb. Reside Penetanguishene, Ontario. Cathy studied at
Ryerson College in Toronto. Daughter Taylor Ann b. 1999.

     VIII.I.6.f. LOVETT BISHOP b. 9 July 1914 (twin to Lorna) m.12
Aug.1937 Florence Jodrey, d/o Roy and Isabel Jodrey.          Res.
Hantsport, where Lovett was mayor for two terms. Four children:

          VIII.I.6.f.i. Roy Lovitt Bishop b. 22 Sept 1939 m. 3
June      1961 Gertrude Orinda Wellwood. Res. Avonport. Roy was
     a graduate of Acadia, McMaster, and University of
     Manitoba and taught physics at Acadia until 1994. Three
               . Grant Bishop b.1 Dec. 1963 m. 1987 Sherry Ann
Lyghtle.   Res. Avonport. Acadia graduate. Children:

                    .Justin Grant Bishop b. 19 Sept 1990
                    . Twin daughters, stillborn.
                    . Tate Louise Bishop b. 8 July 1993
                    . Connor Douglas Bishop b. 9 March 1995

               . Katrina Ann Bishop b.13 Jan.1966. Graduate of
Mount Allison University (fine arts). M. 22 June 1996 Anthony
Koch. Res. Vancouver B.C.

               . Orinda Lee Bishop b. 2 May 1971       Graduate of
U.B.C.. m. Kevin Cuthbertson. Res. Newport Corner, N.S. Childre:
                    . Kyra Florence Cuthbertson b. 7 April 1999
                    . Mercedes Adeline Cuthbertson b. 1 Nov. 2000

          VIII.I.6.f.ii George Eric Bishop b.23 May 1942 m. 30
     May 1970 Lorraine Jane LeVay. Res. Gaspereaux. George
     is a graduate of Acadia, and a chartered accountant. Two
               . Mary Leslie Bishop b.1972. Res. Toronto.
               . Kristin Jane Bishop b. 1974

           VIII.I.6.f.iii Marianne Jean Bishop (1946-1982) m.23
Aug. 1969 Victor Edward Brotz. Marianne was a graduate of
     Acadia. Res. Wolfville. Two children:
                . Jesse Brotz b.1974. Graduate of Brown
     University, Providence, Rhode Island.
                . Luke Brotz b. 1977. Graduate of U.B.C.,

          VIII.I.6.f.iv. Joan Laurabelle Bishop, b.22 July 1948
     m. Daryl Langille. Res. Grand Pre. Joan was an Acadia
     graduate. One child, chosen:
               . Cassie Langille b. 1977 m.      . 1 child.

     VIII.I.6.g. HELEN WINNIFRED BISHOP (b.24 Oct 1917 d.7 Sept
1982) m.8 April 19 ? Finlay Clyde MacIntosh of Westville, N.S.
Res. Halifax. One child, chosen:
          VIII.I.6.g.i Sharon (Shari) Louise MacIntosh b. 1956
          m. 17 March 1984 (2) Bernard Hanlon. Res. Bedford.
     Sharon is a graduate of Dalhousie University. Two
               . Katherine Louise MacIntosh Hanlon b. 1985
               . Shaun Lovett MacIntosh Hanlon b. 1987

The Acadian, Wolfville, 2 Jan 1930, gives an account of a party
held in honour of the 25th wedding anniversary of Laura and George
     "Mrs George Bishop was a guest for the day at the home of her
friend, Mrs Foulis Newcomb, Port Williams, on Saturday, Mr Bishop
being a guest for tea. Soon after 8 O'clock, they received a
message which called them home, whereupon entering, they were met
by the strains of a wedding march played by Mrs Robert Bishop, and
found the rooms well occupied by neighbours and friends from every
part of the whole section who had gathered as a surprise party in
honour of the twenty-fifth wedding anniversary of Mr and Mrs
Bishop.    Rev. D.B. Hemmeon, of Wolfville, who was present, on
behalf of their friends in the community, presented Mrs Bishop
with a silver cream pitcher and sugar bowl to match a silver tea
pot previously received as a gift from relatives, and Mr Bishop
with a box of money in silver. Dr Hemmeon, in making the
presentation address, paid Mr and Mrs Bishop and family a tribute
of the respect and esteem by which they are held in the whole
community.    This was fittingly responded to by both Mr and Mrs
Bishop, after which the following program was given:
Piano selections by Mrs Robert Bishop
Vocal solo by Miss Nan Pearson
Reading, Miss Bessie Fraser
two vocal solos by Mrs Angus Elderkin
Refreshments were served and a pleasant social time enjoyed until
a late hour. All present wished their host and hostess many more
years of happy married life."
The same paper gives the following:

GREENWICH: Mr and Mrs Robert Bishop and two little sons, Avard and
Garth, spent Christmas with Mrs Bishop's parents, Mr and Mrs
Foulis Newcombe, Belcher Street, Port Williams.
(Note: Avard now owns Noggins Corner Farm, Greenwich)

PORT WILLIAMS: Mrs Margaret Newcombe, Church Street, has been the
holiday guest of her brothers, Messrs. Newton and Foulis
Newcombe, Belcher Street. (Newton was the father of Robbie
Newcombe Sr., Foulis father of Gladys Newcomb Bishop).

IMPROVED MUSH: For particularly smooth, well-flavoured mush,try
the folowing recipe:
     Two cupfuls of cornmeal (preferably white); 6 cupfuls of cold
     Let this soak overnight, and cook it in the same water,
stirring constantly, from 30 - 45 minutes, or until the mixture
becomes quite stiff. If a double boiler is used the full 45
minutes will be required. Salt, while cooking, to taste.
     Pour it into a mould. When it is cold, cut in 1 inch slices,
and fry it in deep fat. If especially crisp mush is desired, cut
slices 1/2 inch thick and 4 inches long.
     When pressed for time, the mixture can be successfully cooked
in a hot oven. When cooking it this way, take it out and stir it
occasionally to insure smoothness.
     Soaking the meal in cold water overnight causes the grain to
swell, and the full flavour of ,the corn is preserved, whereas
cooking in boiling water seals the grain and produces a tasteless

...Experience has taught criminologists that it is not the boy of
from twelve to fifteen years of age who stays by his own fireside
in the evenings, who develops into the dangerous character. It is
the boy who is allowed by his parents to wander the streets of the
night....The tendency to coddle children, to let them have their
own way too much, to permit them to run wild in the streets,
because they might be too much trouble in the house, is to be
blamed for the fact that the upkeep of penal institutions forms a
large part of our taxes....Respect for their elders should be a
cardinal rule with the children in every home.         Nothing may
influence a boy's life more then developing the habit of saying
"Yes Sir" or "no ma'am", and to get the idea in their heads that
the elders are apt to know more than they do...If we take pains to
teach our children that
(1) Laws are made for their protection and that consequently, they
should respect them.
(2) A clean mind, sound body, and good character, with the desire
and ability to work, are God's greatest gifts to humanity,
(3) Honesty is the best policy and the way of the transgressor is
the road to ruin.
(4) Canada has greater opportunities to offer them for the future
than any other place on earth, if they develop knowledge and
wisdom, and grow up to respect the laws of God and man.
(5) We their elders, are their protectors and friends, and that
they should come to us when they are in trouble, danger, or in
need of advice.
we will be doing our duties as parents, and be helping our
children grow into fine Canadians.."

old year, we can hardly see it pass without many of its important
events being again visualized in our minds. Our province has just
experienced on the whole, a year probably of a greater degree of
prosperity than it has felt during a number of years back, and in
this condition, Nova Scotia enters the year 1930, fully equipped
for whatever lies ahead.
     For the Acadian and its readers, I wish a happy New Year.
                         Yours etc.,
                         Geo. L. Bishop

ALLIED LINES: (Newcomb, Shaw, Phinney, Woodworth, Pineo, Osborn,
Skinner, Burgess, Lyons, Rockwell, Bishop, Neary, Barnaby)

John Newcomb Family (Eaton - p. 757-758)        Graham Bolles or
Bowles (Alexander 1) m. 1815 Alice Newcomb (dau. of John Newcomb
Jr. & Thankful Burgess).
Among the Cornwallis grantees were three Newcomb brothers, Deacon
John, Benjamin, and Simon; and besides these two sons of Deacon
John, Captain Eddy and John Jr. , and one son of Benjamin,
William.   Before coming to Nova Scotia, Deacon John Newcomb and
his fmaily were among the most prominent persons in Lebanon,
Connecticut, Deacon John being a rather large land owner there.
Deacon John Newcomb was born (1688) in Edgartown, Martha's
Vinyard, MA., and married there Alice, d/o Jonathan Lumbert.
Before 1715, he removed to Lebanon, where he served as deacon of
the second church from 1718 to 1760.

John Newcomb Jr. (Deacon John, Simon, Andrew, Andrew) was b. 29
July 1720, New Lebanon, Connecticut d. 13 Apr 1778 m. in Lebanon,
Connecticut 18 July 1747 (1) Mercy Barnaby d/o Timothy and Martha
Barnaby of Plymouth, Mass.(CTR)   Mercy died 27 Mar 1776, and he
married 13 Feb 1777 (2) Mrs. Deborah Miller.      It is said that
John Newcomb Jr. had in all twenty-one children, part of whom died
young.    Eaton lists 11 children whose names are remembered,
including (iii) John, who was b. 16 Feb 1756, who married (1) 17
July 1780 Thankful Burgess (d/o Seth and Abigail). and (2) Mrs.
Sarah (Peck) Johnson.

(John Newcomb, John Newcomb, Alice Newcomb Bowles, George Bowles,
Laura Burgess Bowles Bishop, Minnie Bishop Gates, Doris Gates

The Burgess family (Eaton- p. 593/94):   Seth Burgess (b. 1736 d.
1795), received a grant in Cornwallis township in 1760.    He was
the son of Dr Benjamin and Mercy Burgess, of Dartmouth, Mass. and
a descendant of Thomas Burgess (1603-1685) who came to Salem, 1630, and settled in Sandwich, MA. He m. 1757 Abigail Howe
(d. 1801).   Seth had been a Lieutenant in H.M. army in the early
part of the American Revolution, in anticipation of disturbances
in N.S. which did not come. They first settled in Habitant, but
later moved to a farm within the precints of Kentville.         He
conducted a general store in conjunction with his farm.
     The second child of 4 born to Seth and Abigail, was Thankful
Burgess, who married (1780) John Newcomb, son of John and Marcy
(Barnaby) Newcomb, and had 11 children.        Thankful Newcomb's
daughter, Alice Newcomb m. H.Graham Bowles. A brother of Thankful
Burgess, Benjamin Burgess m. 1788 Abigail Hovey, resided at
Woodville. (She may have remarried in 1798 to widower, James
Cumming). Benjamin and Abigail Burgess had 10 children to carry
on the Burgess name in Kings County. Two of them married Cummings
sisters: Seth m. Rebecca Ann Cummings and Benjamin m. Hannah
Note: the 1861 census for Lakeville lists a Seth Burgess,
obviously the younger. According to the Burgess Genealogy of 1941
by Dr Barry Burgess, this Seth     was the grandfather of William
Boyd Burgess who m. Jessie Bowles (see VIII.I.7.a), d/o George and
Susan Bowles. Therefore, Jessie and William would have been third

(Seth Burgess, Thankful Burgess Newcomb, Alice Newcomb Bowles,
George Bowles, Laura Burgess Bowles Bishop, Minnie Bishop Gates,
Doris Gates Thorpe)

The Barnaby Family (Eaton - p. 50)
"No family in the country has been more widely known than the
Barnaby family.    Timothy Barnaby, a grantee in Cornwallis from
Lebanon, Connecticut (probably a son of Timothy, b. in Plymouth,
Mass in 1706 and his wife Martha). [note: the grantee Timothy was
also, probably a brother of Mercy Barnaby who m. John Newcomb Jr.
above ]       Timothy Barnaby (the grantee) m. 4 Nov 1762...
Elizabeth, d/o John & Jean Beckwith according to the rites of the
Church of England."

The Shaw family: George Bowles married 2nd Susan Shaw, d/o Isaiah
Shaw and Sarah Lyons.    The Shaw family is mentioned in Eaton's
History of Kings County, pg. 816. He says:
"The Shaw Family is primarily an Annapolis county family. It was
founded in Annapolis by Moses Shaw, son of Moses Shaw Sr born 1704
at Plymouth, MA. d. 11 Jan 1827 (Crowell's Scrapbook) and Mary
Darling.   In a muster roll (dated 29 May 1784) of disbanded
officers, discharged and disbanded soldiers and Loyalists mustered
at Digby, Moses Shaw's name appears (Ward Chipman papers).
Unknown if this is the senior or junior Moses.
     Moses Shaw Jr.(b. 1735), who married (1) 1762 Ann Finney of
Barnstable, MA. and (2) 1781 Mehitable Patten Hall, was a native
of Massachusetts, who probably about 1760 or '61, received a grant
of land at Lower Granville.    His son, David, (9 April 1770 -14
Feb.1840) m. 3 October 1796 Desiah Phinney (b.1776), d/o Isaac
Phinney and Ann Thomas, and died at Pleasant Valley, Berwick.
Kings Death Records have the death record of Isaiah Shaw:
29 March 1874 at Berwick, of Inflamation of the chest, Isaiah
Shaw, age 76, married, born Lower Granville, Parents: David
(farmer) and Desiah.      Informant: Isaiah Shaw. Registered at
Berwick by J.H.Parker.
     Isaiah Shaw, who married Ellice Woodworth, d/o Abner, as his
first wife. I found in the Chute Genealogy information on the
Woodworth family, that one of the children of John Woodworth and
Submit Newcomb, Abner Woodworth (1773-1859) had a daughter, Alice
(1800-1825) who married 1820 as his first wife, Isaiah Shaw (1798-
1874). After Alice's death, Isaiah remarried Sarah Lyons.
     The 1772 census for Granville Township lists a Moses Shaw
with a total of 7 in the house (2 men, 3 boys, 1 woman, 1 girl)
and it states that 6 are American and 1 Irish. Isaac Phinny has 6
in the house.
     In 1810, or '11, the David Shaw family removed from Phinney
Mountain, Annapolis county, to Berwick "into a small log house,
then completely shut in by the forest." (on the Shaw Road between
Waterville and Berwick).    He had in all 12 children, including
Isaiah Shaw, father of Susan Shaw Bowles; Alice Shaw Chipman, who
opened the first female seminary at Wolfville; James Shaw, who
married Pamela Bishop (d/o Joshua), and Sidney Shaw, who had a son
Moses Shaw (his son, Ross Shaw, stayed on in the homestead). See
the History of Annapolis.
     In 1816, there was a land petition by Moses Shaw Sr and
Others, which was signed by Isaiah Shaw (son of Moses Sr, and
M.L.A. for Annapolis) as attorney for the other petitioners.
Moses Shaw Sr. (Captain) is said to have been born in U.S.A. and
was one of the earliest settlers in Granville. Others were born
in Nova Scotia, including David Shaw, who was to receive 350 acres
in Annapolis.    Perhaps he received land in Berwick instead of
Annapolis, or sold it and moved. Moses Shaw Sr was asking for 250
acres in Granville.
     A book by Leone Cousins called "Captain John Harris of
Clements Nova Scotia - a True Account from His Seafaring
Journals", gives some information re the Moses Shaw/Ann Phinney
family of Barnstable, MA., and Granville Township, N.S., as Capt
Harris was married to one of his daughters (Mary, b. 1776).
Another daughter, Havilah Shaw, was married to James Hall J.P., of
Granville (Pg 22). On page 16 it says "Moses Shaw was Captain
Harris' father-in-law, who lived in Granville. Now very old, he
had served with the Colonial troops in Nova Scotia in 1753."
     So Captain Harris would have been a brother-in-law to our
David Shaw of Cornwallis, Berwick. This is mentioned in the book
(pg.26), as in 1813 Capt. Harris had walked to Shaw's farm from
Kentville, en route home to Upper Clements. He was returning from
Halifax, where he had sailed the ship (the Prince Regent) he had
built for another brother of his wife, Isiah Shaw M.L.A.
(according to the Acadian Recorder, 26 June 1819, Isiah Shaw Esq.
died at New York and his daughter, Nancy was married June 7 in New
York to Thomas Wooldrich of Montreal. I wonder if he went to New
York on the sailing ship that Capt Harris had made him 6 years
before? According to Crowell's scrapbook, Isiah Shaw was married
to Ann Ketchum and 2) to Sarah Hansman)     The coach only went to
Windsor, so he travelled with a Mr Davis as far as Kentville. At
this point apparently, the only means of conveyance was by foot.
He was met at Mr Shaw's place by "Tom" and a carriage. The trip
from Halifax to Clements took him 4 days!     The sailing trip to
Halifax took 13 days, but they seemed to have taken their time,
stopping to visit yet another brother of Mary Harris', Zebina Shaw
of Yarmouth (he was married to Elizabeth Brown, daughter of James
and Mary Brown. Another brother, Joseph Shaw, who became High
Sheriff of Yarmouth, was married to her sister, Abigail Brown -
Crowell's scrapbook)
     In the 1881 census, the Shaws listed their origin as
In the 1871 census, Isiah and Sarah L Shaw, ages 73 and 67, were
living with their son, Isiah, age 32, and his wife Servicy (?),
age 25. Also their 1 month old son, Howard M. (pg 16 # 57)
The 1861 census for Berwick,       lists the following names in
abstract no. 1:
#15 John S. Woodworth (4 in family)
#24 Edward Skinner (4)
#25 William Osborne (6)
#27 Isaac Shaw (3)
#28 Moses Shaw (4)
#29 Sidney Shaw (6)
     Sidney and Caroline Shaw had a son Moses, who married 1855
Margaret Bishop (b 1837), d/o Elias Bishop. Their son, Ross Shaw
(1879-1964) who lived on the homestead, m. Eva Crouse.

Kings County Death Records:
1876: Shaw, Sarah - age 72, widow, in Berwick, bornCornwallis, d.
1 April 1876, of consumption. Informant: Isiah Shaw. Registered
Somerset, B. Barteaux.
1874, 29 Mar. at Berwick, of inflammation of chest, Isaiah Shaw,
age 76, married, born Lower Granville, Parents: David Shaw
(farmer) and Desiah. Informant: Isaiah Shaw. Registered Berwick,
PANS: Kings County Genealogies -microfilm of woek compiled by Mr
K.E. Bentley of 351 Waverley Road, Dartmouth, B2X 2E5. *     Lists
several Bowles and associated names including a daughter of Thomas
Lyons/Ann Skinner, Sarah Lyons (18 April 1804 - 5 April 1876) m.
Isiah Shaw (5 Jan 1798-29 May 1874). It would appear that he may
have gotten these dates from a gravestone, but it doesn't say.

     An 1810 petition for land by Lott      Phinney and Others (7),
includes David Shaw, and says that he is    a native of the province
and resides at Wilmot. They request two     tracts of escheated land
totalling 1400 acres situated at Wilmot.    Again, one wonders if he
was unsuccessful with this petition,          or received land in
Cornwallis Township instead. (or was just   speculating in land?)

     A writer in one of the local newspapers of the county a few
years ago says of David Shaw:
     "His offspring are numerous and prosperous, now numbering
about 224. Three of his grandsons are Baptist ministers and one
grand-daughter is the wife of Rev. Alfred Chipman, who was one of
the first teachers of Acadia Seminary." (note: Mom's great“Aunt
Alice” Shaw went to Mount Holyoke College in Massachusetts. For
more on this Chipman family see Eaton's "History of Kings" Pg 600
and Davison's "Eliza of Pleasant Valley".)

The record book for the Upper Canard Cornwallis Baptist church has
the following notes re David Shaw.
(1). 10 Oct 1818: "Mr David Shaw came forward, related the trial
of his mind since his being united to the Annapolis Church, his
backslidings, until it pleased God to lay a hand on a beloved son,
and called him from time to the Eternal World,and was means of
leading his house to God and of confessing his faults and
returning to his duty, and was received joyfully by his Brothers
and next day sat down to the table of the Lord."

(2). 15 Nov 1823: ..."met in conference at Brother David which time James Pineo and wife came forward gave a
relation of their Christian Experience, were Joyfully received
after which Timothy Strong and Isaiah Shaw related their
Experience and was received. Desired Gospel Baptism on the

     The Shaw ancestors who came from Barnstable, England         to
Barnstable, Mass., trace back to the "Mayflower" Pilgrims,       who
lived at Kingston and Plymouth, Mass. (notes of Lorna Huston)
     More information on the Shaw family of Granville, may        be
found at PANS and in Calneck's History of Annapolis County.
     .MG 100 Vol 219 #23 Manuscript- Genealogical notes on       the
Shaw family of Granville.          Descendants of John Shaw of
Barnstable,     Mass. from History of Annapolis Co., by T.W. Savary
and History of Kings Co, by A.W. Eaton. Submitted by E.C. Stevens
      Sept 15, 1977. His address is given as :P.O. Box 343, Owen
      Sound, Ontario. N4K 595.
      .Crowell's Scrapbook -MF Reel #109 1970 -gives family of
Moses      Shaw and Ann Phinney (11 children, including David b. 9
April      1770).

The Phinney Family: Susan Shaw Bowles's paternal grandmother was
Desiah Finney (d/o Isaac Finney), who married David Shaw. There
is a Phinney genealogy in P.A.N.S.(MG 4 Vol 293 #5) and on page #4
is given the line of Isaac Finney/ Phinney (1734-1784).
Incidentally, Isaac Finney is a registered Mayflower descendant
through Thomas Rogers (No. 19:127. See "Statement of line of
eligibility for membership in Massachusetts Society of Mayflower
Descendants" by Dr William I. Morse, honorary curator of Canadian
History and Literature at Harvard College Library).
     Isaac Phinney came with the Planters, settling on lot #108 in
Granville Township, midway between Bridgetown and BelleIsle. His
lot ran from the river to the Bay of Fundy, and Phinney's Cove is
named for his family.      Isaac Finney married (1) 1757 Desire
Stewart, and (2) 12 March 1763 Ann Thomas (1744-after 1776), of
Windham, Connecticut (Welsh origin). In 1774, they had a family
of eight, six of whom had been born in Nova Scotia. One of the
daughters, was Desiah "Finney" (b.1776), who married, by license
from Sir John Wentworth, 3 Oct 1796, David Shaw (1770-1840), s/o
Moses Shaw Jr (1735-1821) and his first wife Ann Finney, of
Barnstable, Mass.    The marriage record of David Shaw and Desiah
Finney appears in the records of Rev. Archibald Inglis, who's book
is at the Anglican Archives, College St, Halifax. (Rev William
Bishop in 1994 Archivist.)
     Calneck's History of Annapolis County, Pg. 561, says that the
Phinny "family is probably descended from one of the earliest
settlers of Plymouth, Mass."

(Susan Shaw Bowles 4, Isiah Shaw 3, Desiah Phinney Shaw 2, Isaac
Finney 1)

The Lyons Family :    The Lyons family is mentioned by Eaton, Pg
738. Sarah Jane Lyons, the mother of Susan Shaw Bowles, was the
dau. of Thomas Ratchford Lyons (s/o David and Elizabeth) and Ann
Skinner.   Thomas's parents, David Lyons and Elizabeth Ratchford
came to Cornwallis (Pereaux) from Stonington, Connecticut. Buried
Pereaux.   The first 4 children, including #4, Thomas b. 3 March
1780, were apparently not born in Cornwallis as the others are
registered in the Township Records. The 10 children married into
Rand,    Parker,   Skinner,      Newcomb,   and  Beckwith  families.
Apparently the New York Public Library has a manuscript on the
Lyons family.
      Thomas R. and Ann (Skinner) Lyons were married 30 Sept 1802,
and had children recorded in Cornwallis:
Sarah b. 18 April 1804 ( CTR but according to Bently's notes, d.
                       26 May 1812)
Isabella b. 28 Jan 1806 m. Rev Ingraham E. Bill
David, b. 13 Jan 1808
John b.18 Jan 1810
Margaret b. 6 Dec 1813
   The Index of Nova Scotia's Birth Records (1864-1877) says that
of 68 Lyons birth during this time, 21 were in Kings County, and
12 in Halifax County. There were also 10 Ratchfords, 4 in Kings, 5
in Cape Breton.       There is a Ratchford Road in Kings County,
running East from Grafton towards the Waterville highway. Also,
there is a stone at St Andrew's with Aubrey Charles Ratchford
(1872-1940) on one side and Annie Sanford Lyons (1853-1941) on the
       The Ratchford name is also associated with Parrsborough
Township, as James Ratchford was a prominent merchant at what is
now called "Ottawa House" (the former summer home of Sir Charles
Tupper).    James' parents were Thomas (b.1741) and Desire (Gore)
Ratchford (or Radsford). Eaton says Desire Gore was of Groton
Connecticut.     They settled in Cornwallis.    They bought land in
1782 from Nathan Longfellow, after the latter removed to Machias,
Maine, and in the sale,       Thomas Ratchford is said to have come
from Norwich, Connecticut.
      In the 1881 census, the Lyons gave their country of origin as

From the Record book of Upper Canard Cornwallis Baptist Church
20 Dec 1823: ..."met at Brother Stephen Mills ....came forward
David Strong...then David Lyons...immersed beneath the Liquid
Note: Wow! In December this must have been cold!

25 Jan 1824:..."This day met in conference at Mr Abel
Strongs...after which came forward Abel Strong Jr, Asa Rand, Miss
Ann Calkins, Miss Jerusha West, Stephen Strong, Miss Sarah Lyons,
Mrs Ann Skinner, Isaac White, and Alph... Skinner were rec'd the
whole conducted with much propriety and Effected hearts.

20 Mar. 1824 -John Lyons
Note: the Christian Messenger 1839 announces the marriage of Enoch
Parker to Miss Mary Lyons, 3rd daughter of Mr John Lyons of
24 Mar. 1824- Henry & Robert Lyons.

10 April 1824 ..."a large concorse of people met at the lake, were
there came forward to follow the Dear Redeemer in his Divine
Institutions ...Miss Sarah Lyons.

There was obviously a strong Baptist influence in Susan Shaw
Bowles' family.

1827 - Jerimiah Tupper and Asa Rand both excluded from the
priveleges of the church, the former for non-compliance, the
latter for forgery of deed.
Membership list of First Cornwallis Baptist Church in 1856
Mr and Mrs William Henry Lyons
Mrs John Lyons
Mr Joseph Newcomb
Mrs William Lyons
Mr John Whalen
Mr Samuel Bishop Sr
Mr and Mrs John Loomer
Daniel Bishop
Mr and Mrs Joseph Lyons

Mr John Gates, by Baptism, dismissed June 1876 to Kentville
Baptist church. (note: if this was my grandfather, he would have
been 18 years of age. Irvine Gates said he believed his father
had worked in a cooperage in Port Williams (possibly Bezansons)
before he was married in Boston, so this is possible).
      More information on the Lyons family of Kings County may be
found at PANS:
      MG 100 #89 Manuscript -Descendants of David Lyons of Kings
      MG 100 Vol #179 #36 Manuscript -Lyons, Kings Co.,
Genealogical         notes.
      PANS: Micro: Places: Kings Co.: Genealogies. Manuscript.-
Lyons           family, Kings Co.

(Susan Shaw Bowles 4, Sarah Lyons Shaw 3, Thomas Ratchford Lyons
2, David Lyons 1)

The Skinner family is mentioned by Eaton (pg 821-822) and they are
said to have been founded by Charles Skinner and Sarah Osborn.
They married 24 Nov. 1774 at Passamaquaddy (CTR), but her parents
were originally from Martha's Vineyard. Charles Skinner may have
been the son of Deacon Aaron Skinner and Eunice Taintor of
Colchester, Connecticut. Thomas Lyons' wife, Ann Skinner, was born
9 March 1786, #6 of 15 children born to Charles and Sarah (Osborn)
Skinner.     One of Ann's sisters, Elizabeth Skinner m. Robert
Lyons. Two of her sisters married Baptist ministers:
Eunice Skinner m. Rev George Dimock
Rebecca Skinner m. Rev. Edward Manning.
     Through Ann Skinner's mother, Sarah Osborn, the line can be
traced back to two original Mayflower emigrants to Plymouth, Mass.
(Sarah Osborn Skinner - Samuel Osborn- Keziah Butler Osborn-
Elizabeth Daggett Butler- Elizabeth Hawes Daggett- Desire Gorham
Hawes- Desire Howland Gorham- John and Elizabeth (Tilly) Howland)
See Carney Genealogy 1955 at P.A.N.S.
     N.S. Birth Records (1864-1877) says that of 49 Skinners born,
18 were in Kings County, 8 in Halifax County.
     Eaton says the Skinner family were prominent in St John N.B.
There was also a Skinner family who settled in Pictou county, but
I do not know if there was any connection.
(Susan Shaw Bowles 4, Sarah Lyons Shaw 3, Anne Skinner Lyons 2,
Charles Skinner 1)

The Osborn Family, is mentioned by Eaton, Pg 767. They were said
to have come to N.S. from Martha's Vinyard. In 1774, Sarah Osborn,
d/o Samuel, married at Passamaquoddy (either in Maine or New
Brunswick) to Charles Skinner.      Their daughter, Ann Skinner,
married Thomas R. Lyons. A sister of Sarah's, Ann Osborn, said to
be of St John, m. @ Cornwallis, 1778, William Allen Chipman.
     There is an Osborne family buried at St Andrews, Waterville,
who came from Ayrshire, Scotland.

     My Aunt Helen Bishop MacIntosh showed me some information she
had, which had been sent to the Bishop family by a cousin, Alvah
(sp?) H. Chipman, of Hampton, New Brunswick, on 25 Nov 1937. (He
may have been related through Aunt Alice (Shaw) Chipman).       It
details our connection back from Sarah Osborn Skinner, seven
generations   to Desire Howland, d/o John Howland and Elizabeth
Tilley, "Mayflower" emigrants to Plymouth, Mass. Desire Howland
married John Gorham and settled in Barnstable, Mass. Alvah said
that the Shaws, Chipman and Gorham families were neighbours in
Barnstable, Mass., for more than a hundred years.      Looks like
another family "project" coming up! *

     At the Cumberland County Museum, Genealogical section, I
found the following under Land Paper Index:
. Osborne, Samuel (Sergt) -See Marks, Nehemiah (Capt) and Others,
1784, card 3. Includes the names of Benjamin Burgess and William
Nesbitt, and the area was River St Croix (Scoodic), Passamaquoddy
Bay. (note: was this Sarah Osborn's father?)
. Osburne, Samuel- See Dunbar, John and Others, 1784 Card 3.
Includes the names of William Nesbitt and Benjamin Burgess. Same
area as above.    Could this be Benjamin Burgess Jr., brother to
Thankful Burgess Newcomb?     Was this the William Nesbit that
married Mary Jane Bols?
. John Skinner, Reduced Captain, H.M. Land Forces, Township of
Wilmot. Grant made 1783.
. John Skinner. See Allen, Isaac (Lt Col.) and others 1784. New
Jersey Volunteers, 2nd Batt. Township Sunbury, south side of River
St John. Micro RG 20 "A" Vol 2 Reel 1.
. Stephen Skinner (Major), 1796 -Requests 500 of his 5000 acres he
laid out in the rear of land granted John Inglis in the Township
of Aylesford. (note: the Christian Messenger 1840, says that Miss
Catherine Skinner of Shelburne, the last of the family of the late
Col Stephen Skinner, of the same place, died at the age of 75.)
. Rockwell, Daniel and Others.1786. Cumberland Road, leading from
Chignecto River towards Cumberland. County of Kings. Rockwell got
1000 acres. (note: Daniel was a son of Jonathan Rockwell).
     The previous information highlights the close ties between st
John, N.B. and Cumberland county with the Annapolis Valley of Nova
     It is easy when writing the history of one family, to digress
into another related line. Since I have already done this, I want
to add a bit from "History of the 2nd Cornwallis Baptist Church at
Pleasant Valley, 1828-1876." You can see that Susan Shaw's family
were well tied into this faith.
     This church was formed at Pleasant Valley on 9 March 1828.
It's history is closely related to that of the Grafton Baptist
Church.   Before the church was formed, it was not unusual for
persons to travel from the Pleasant Valley district and eastward
to worship at Canard, 1st Cornwallis Baptist Church. Often they
would leave their homes on Saturday A.M. attend conference meeting
at Canard on the afternoon of the same day, listen to the
preaching of the gospel on Sunday, then return as they went on
foot. Going on horseback was in that day a luxury reserved for
women and those enfebled by age.        Some travelled barefoot,
carrying their shoes made of rawhide and their best dresses under
their arms until in sight of the meeting house, then putting them
...a negro preacher, a Mr Richard Preston visited Pleasant Valley
Community before 2nd Cornwallis was established. He preached at
the home of David Shaw, (later home of Henry Shaw), though Mrs
Shaw was first reluctant to have a negro man in the house. This
visit from a negro was a sensation. He preached for a week from
house to house and made many converts who were baptised by Father
Manning, pastor of the 1st Cornwallis Church, while they joined
later to be members of Pleasant Valley.       The first pastor was
William Chipman. The ordination service was held at the home of
Alfred Skinner.
...previous to this time, William Chipman, although living and
doing business then in Eastern Cornwallis, frequently came to
Pleasant Valley and journeyed across the North Mountain, holding
services in homes and schoolhouses. He is said to have wept and
groaned aloud all across the mountain as he returned from one such
meeting. "He had a deep passion for souls". Because he also had a
private income form his farm and other sources, the church gave
him but a limited salary. His second wife was Eliza Chipman (his
cousin), and one son was professor Isaac Chipman.
...Elms were planted around the meeting house by Isaac Chipman,
Sydney Shaw, Abel Parker, Isaiah and James Shaw.
      The meeting house was similar to the old Covenanter meeting
house in Grand Pre.
...The pastor, although small, was a great expounder of the
scriptures,    strong    in   the    doctrine    of    regeneration,
predestination, and election, and a mighty destroyer and
downpuller of the strongholds of sin and Satan. When he preached
on such themes as dancing, card playing, and the final
destruction, the wicked sinners grew pale and the back seat
trembled in its shoes.
...a shrewd businessman, he drew up their wills, and wrote the
deeds to their farms, managing their     temporal as well as their
spiritual affairs for them.
...part singing at the service was a custom.        The people were
strongly opposed to instrumental music for it was a reminder of
the broad road to destruction.
1829- Isaiah Shaw, Abel Parker, and Ebenezer Huntington, were sent
to Wolfville as delegates to help found Horton Academy.
1858 - Large congregations so a new church was built at Berwick in
1863- Black Rock got it's own meeting house.
1860- Waterville added to the 2nd Cornwallis district.
1876-old church bought, torn down, moved in parts and the
materials used to erect a new church building on a plot of land
donated by Mr George Bowles. No church records of this church are
available until 1918. Parsonage built across the road. In 1903,
new parsonage built at Waterville. Rev. E.O.Reed was pastor from
      Kenneth Parker, a "joined Presbyterian" was baptized 13 April
1903.    In 1908, Mr and Mrs Henry Bowles were received from

The Pineo Family (Eaton - p. 777)      Elizabeth Bowles (Graham 2,
Alexander 1) m. Isaiah Shaw Pineo
"One of the few families in Kings County, if not the only one,
bearing a Huguenot Family is the Pineo family...James Pineo, in a
deed spelled Pennau came to Bristol, Rhode Island...In 1717 he
removed to Lebanon, Connecticut, and in Bristol and five children,
in Lebanon, four....Of these children, James m. Priscilla Newcomb,
and Submit m. Silas Newcomb.    Peter Pinneo or Pineo b. Lebanon,
Conn. 4 May 1773, m. Elizabeth Sampson came to Cornwallis with his
family. (One of his children, Rev. John Pineo, became a minister
of the New Light Congregationalist Church in Cornwallis not long
after Mr. Manning withdrew in 1807). He also had a son William,
who married in 1776 Phebe Bentley.
Perhaps this was the William Pineo who had land next to that which
Graham Bowles bought.
"Londonderry Heirs" mentions that after the edict of Nantes,
Huguenot refugees came to Ireland and established the linen trade
in the North. Perhaps then, this is from where the Pineos came.

 The Woodworth Family (Eaton - p. 876) Margaret Bowles,
Alexander's Daughter m. John Woodworth Jr.( John Woodworth 2,
Silas 1)
"The Woodworth grantees in Cornwallis were:       Amasa, Benjamin,
Silas, Thomas and William Woodworth...
      Silas Woodworth was born in Lebanon, Conn. 22 Mar 1725 m. 22
Sept. 1746 Sarah English. He came to Cornwallis in the ship "Wolf"
in May of 1760 and d. there 26 Sept 1790.       His wife d. 1808.
Their second child (one of ten), John Woodworth, b. 17 Feb 1749 d.
29 May 1816 m. 9 Feb 1769 Submit Newcomb, dau. of Benjamin and
Hannah Newcomb. Submit died 18 May 1821 in her 70th year. They
had six (note: according to Chute Genealogies, there were 14!
Perhaps some died young?) children, the youngest of whom was John
Woodworth, b. 8th April 1779 d. 1 Nov 1827 m. 14 Nov 1809
Margaret, (see II) dau. of Alexander and Elizabeth (Candlish)
Bowles. Their children are listed on page 878 of Eaton's HISTORY
      More information on the Newcomb family will be found under
      Index of Births for N.S. (1864-1877) says that there were 85
Woodworth births registered in N.S. during this time, 39 of them
in Kings County, and 15 in Lunenburg County.
      The Chute Genealogy says the following about the Woodworth
      Walter Woodworth said to have come from Kent, England with
Gov. John Winthrop in 1630. He was a resident of Scituate MA. in
1633. The court granted Walter Woodward of Scituate 60 acres near
Weymouth.    9 chldren, including Walter, b. 1645 who moved to
Little Compton, Rhode Island about 1676.     His son, Benjamin b.
1674 bought a large tract of land in Lebanon, Connecticutt in
1703.       Benjamin's son, Ichabod Woodworth b. 1696 at Little
Compton, R.I., had 4 children in Lebanon, including Silas b. 1725
who went to N.S. in the ship "Wolfe" in May 1760, and settled in
Lower Cornwallis.
      John Woodworth Sr was son of Silas, and was born in Lebanon,
Connecticutt.     Submit Newcomb Woodworth (1761-1831) was the
daughter of Benjamin Newcomb.    John and Submit Woodworth had 14
children, the sixth being John Woodworth Jr. (8 Aug 1779-1 Nov
1827) who married Margaret Bowles.        The third of their 14
children, Abner Woodworth (1773-1859) m. Hannah Loveless and had
11 children, the second being Alice Woodworth (1800-1825), who was
the first wife of Isaiah Shaw (1798-1874).       See VIII.I.   Ref.
Chute Genealogy, Allied lines.
      The will of John Woodworth (s/o Silas) is at PANS and appears
dated 10 Feb 1817, which puts in question his date of death being

Rockwell Family (Eaton - p. 802)
"The founder of the Rockwell family of Kings County was Jonathan
Rockwell, who received his grant in Cornwallis in 1761. He had 7
children, one of whom was Joseph Rockwell, b. 1751, who m. 1775
Lydia, d/o Stephen and Desiah Barnaby. They had twelve children,
the third being Prudence b. 4 Apr 1779, m. William Bowles
Jonathan Rockwell was one of the first members of the New Light
Congregational Church (Jawbone corner).

The Webster Family (Eaton - p. 857)
John Bowles, son of Alexander, m. Margaret, dau. of Abraham and
Elizabeth Webster.
"The Webster families of Kings County have as their first New
England ancestor John Webster, and early governor of the colony of
Connecticut, who was said to have come from Warwickshire. Abraham
was b. in Lebanon, Connecticut, 1 Jan 1736 or 37 (Noah, George,
Thomas, Governor John) m. in Lebanon 12 Sept 1758 Margaret White
of Coventry, Connecticut. He removed from Lebanon to Cornwallis
in 1760 and had a grant of land 'where the Isaac Reid place was',
near where the old Campbellite meeting-house stood, on the Upper
Dyke Road". There was a Margaret Webster b. 28 Nov 1786, dau. of
Abraham Webster Jr.(b. 1759) & Polly Jeffers (an adopted daughter
of Mrs. Elizabeth Harrington and her second husband, Christopher
Knight). Eaton does not say who she married, but she seems the
most logical connection, being close in age to John Bowles.

The Bishop family, are descendants of New England Planters, who
came to Horton Township in 1760 from New London Connecticut.
Their history and descendants are well documented by the Bishop
Family Association in 4 volumes called "Tangled Roots".       Susan
Bowles' father-in-law, James Lovett Bishop, was the son of Gurdon
and Louisa (Oakes) Bishop, who lived at New Minas, and are buried
in "The Oaks" cemetery, Kentville, along with many of the Neary
family. Gurdon is a descendant of Capt. William Bishop (b. 1732)
of New London, CT., who married Jemima Calkin of Lebanon, CT.
Capt. William's father was John Bishop b. 1709 and his second
wife,Hannah Comstock, of Montville, Ct.

      The Neary family of Greenwich were said to have been an Irish
family. Henry's father James Neary b. 1764, (s/o James), was said
to have been born in 1764 in Kilkenny, Ireland. He was said to
have emigrated as an alter boy. He married Jerusha Cleveland, d/o
Deacon Benjamin Cleveland. Henry's house is still standing on the
hill nearby the fire station. (on the road which led to the old
Poor Farm). N.S. Birth Records (1864-1877) says that there were a
total of only seven Nearys born during this time, 3 of these being
in Kings County, and 3 in Halifax County. Obviously not a common
      Hannah Amelia Neary, d/o Henry (b. 1804) and Mary Ann
(Forsyth) Neary (d/o Enoch and Hannah Forsyth), died 6 Sept 1876,
at the age of 40, after giving birth to twins - my grandfather,
George Lovett Watson Bishop, who survived, and his twin sister,
Winnifred, who died 12 Sept 1876, at age of 7 days.
(Kings Death Records). After Amelia died, J.L. Bishop remarried
Eliza Forsyth.
      The 1861 Census for Kentville lists a James Neary with 7 in
the family (2 males, 1 married; 5 females, 1 married).        If he
were born in 1764, he would be 97 years old in 1861! Perhaps this
is a son. There is also a William Neary (4 in family) and a John
L. Neary with just 1 in family.
      Jerusha Cleveland was the daughter of Deacon Benjamin
Cleveland Jr.(s/o Benjamin and Ann Church Cleveland), and his
first wife, Mary Alderkin, who came to N.S. from Windham,
Connecticut. Jerusha was born 28 March 1773 and m. 25 dec. 1794
to James Neary, who was born in Kilkenny, Ireland, in 1764. They
had nine children including Henry.
      Benjamin Cleveland was the first cousin of Rev. Aaron
Cleveland, who graduated from Harvard in 1735, and was in Halifax
from 1750-1754 (note: just after the founding of Halifax) as the
first minister of the Congregational church there, but in England
took orders of the English church, then returned to America. Rev
Aaron Cleveland, who was an ancestor of the late President Grover
Cleveland, died at the house of his friend, Benjamin Franklin, in
Philadelphia, Aug. 11, 1757. (Ref. Eaton's History of Kings pg.
     Fortunately, the details of the Bishop family, who came as
Planters from New London, Connecticut, may be found in "Tangled
Roots", so I will refer readers to this four volume set prepared
by the Bishop Family Association, and published 1990.


Janet Bowles m. 1863 A. Rockwell. Ch: Etta May b. 2 May 1865

Naomi P. Bowles d/o W. & E. (or C.) Bowles, b. Waterville ca. 1873
m. 5 Sept 1894 ( Anna. Presbyterian) James A. Langille s/o George
and Margaret Langille b. ca 1863. He was a jeweller. She res. at
Annapolis at the time of her marriage.
( her marriage, at Annapolis, by Rev. Whidden, is also in the
Presbyterian Witness, 29 Sept. 1894)

William H. Bowles m. Elizabeth     (       ) . Children: Annie E.
Bowles, b. Halls Harbour ca. 1864 d. 30 Jan 1867 age 2.

William W. Bowles m. 1858 Eliza Condon. Children: Harmon Alex. 19
Aug 1868

Thomas Bowles m. Anna Bent, d/o Asa and Ann (Busby) Bent (of
Annapolis County?)

Donna Hirtle recently told me that she could remember a Tilly
Bowles and a Fred Bowles, older people who lived near her
grandparents (Wilfred and Marion Strong) in the Waterville area
(near the 101 overpass) when she was young (?50's). Mr Strong was
said to have come from Prospect or South Waterville.

Graham Bowles m. Mary Kerr - which of the 3 Graham Bowles is


29 Jan 1895, Kentville Methodist, Frederick A. Bowles, age 23.
Cambridge, s/o William W. and Eliza Bowles m. Lalia Mahaney, age
23, Cambridge, d/o Michael and Annie Mahaney.

KMR #9 BOWLES, FREDERICK A.   264 1895- 23, born Hyde Park,
Mass, Res. Cambridge, s/o William W. and Eliza, m. Lalia M.
Mahaney, 23,born Lakeville, Res. Cambridge, d/o Michael & Annie.
Kentville Methodist.
KMR #77 BOWLES, LILA L.          181       1885


Page #      Year Name

88    189 1872 Bowles, George M. - age 59, s/o Graham Bowles and
      Mary Kerr, North Mountain, Liver disease.

19   62   1867 Bowles, Annie E. age 2, d/o Wiliam H Bowles and
Elizabeth Bowles, Halls Harbour, whooping cough.

14   217 1866 Bowles,     Ada   Age   1,    d/o   Burbidge   of   Horton,   of

other counties:

66    181   1872 Bowles, Thomas (Antigonish)

358   90    1872 Bowles, Catherine (Halifax)
606   750   1876 Bowles Joseph D. (Halifax)
614   928   1876 Bowles, John David (Halifax)

The 1901 census:
1. for Brooklyn Street:
 John Bowles b. 2 Sept 1839, N.S., Scotch, Presbyterian. He had a
wife, Jane b. 1841, N.S., Eng. Presbyterian, and a son Bronson b.
1873, as well as a domestic called Polina Bowles age 35.
     Elizabeth Bowles, w, born 1874 (age 56), emig. England
2. Cambridge:
Eliza A. Bowles, w, b. 1833, N.S., Scotch, Bapt. and her son,
Harmon b. 1868

WILLS OF KINGS COUNTY: Vol 3: 1847-1873
                       Vol 4: 1873-1890

1.   Probate Records for Kings County. In August 1994, at the
Municipal offices of Kings, Kentville, Marion reviewed the index
which gave the following Bowles names, but we had no more time to
look them up. ?PANS

1872, Aug 26: Bowles, George William - Pro B - 73. Cornwallis
          Letters Testamentary (CLT) Estate valued at 1200.88
          pounds. (VI.D)

1864, Mar 30: Bowles, Graham - Pro B - 61. CLT. (VIII)

1920, May 8: Bowles, Abbie Marchant. Pro B 223. Waterville. Died
          16 March 1920. CLT.

1903, April 11: Bowles, Annie R. Centerville, died 20 Nov 1902.
          B - 130. Admin. (IV.D.1)

1912, Dec 2: Bowles, Edward P. Pro - B - 142. Wolfville, d. 19 Nov
               1912. CTL. (IV.D.2)

1917, 2 Oct: Bowles, Elizabeth, Grafton, d. 30 April 1917. CTL
          Admin. B - 170. (VIII.I)

1922, Jan 18: Bowles, Evangeline D., Pro. B - 235. Wolfville, d.
          15 Jan 1922.

1924, Dec 19: Bowles, John H., Adm. B - 210, Cornwallis d. 6 Aug

1874, Dec 9: Bowles, Joseph R. Pro B - 80. Cornwallis d. 2 Dec

1898, Mar 2: Bowles, Leonard. Pro B - 130. Cornwallis d. 11 Feb
          1898. Waterville. CLT. (VIII.F)

1921, 16 May: Bowles, Thaddeus S.   Pro B - 229. Centerville, d. 9
          May 1921. CLT. (IV.D.1)

1894, Feb 10: Bowles, William. Pro B - 124. Cornwallis d. 10 Feb
          1894. (?VIII.D)

1864, Dec 31: Bowles, William C., Pro B - 62. CLT. (IV.G)

1895, 17 May: Bowles, Woodworth. Adm. B - 119. Waterville d. 18
          April 1895. Adm. 17 May 1895.

It may also be useful to look for records for Tuppers (Eliakim and
Elias), William Nesbit, Colemans, and John Woodworth, as these
were names that married into the family.

At the same time, she wrote down the following Shaw names, which
have connections to the George Bowles (VIII.I) line:

1908, May 24: Shaw, Alice.   Adm. S - 60. Cornwallis.

1857, May 28: Shaw, David. CLT. Cornwallis d. 29 June 1853.

1911, June 8: Shaw, Isiah J., CLT. Adm. S - 62. Berwick, d. 8
April              1910.

1912, Jan 6: Pro S - 123 Waterville.

2. Londonderry Township Genealogies c.1975 no pagination. PANS
published genealogies.

3. ?New England Historical Society.
History of the Bowles Family, originating in England Prior to the
Revolutionary War. Compiled by David Bowles
Film Area
item 21

The Bowles Family History, by Leland Carl Bowles. 1960
U.S. & Can
Book Area

U.S. & Can
Film Area
Item 9

Last revision: 8 April 1995
               20 August 1995
               25 March 1999
               10 Nov. 2000

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