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					THE SECOND SCIENTIFIC-TECHNICAL MEETING
            ''InterRegioSci 2007''



      DRUGI NAUČNO-STRUČNI SKUP
          ''InterRegioSci 2007.''
Programme board:
Programski odbor:


Prof. dr Dragoslav Petrović, predsednik
Prof. dr Branko Marinković
Prof. dr Vladimir Katić
Prof. dr Igor Dolinka
Prof. dr Mikloš Biro
Prof. dr Gordana Kovaĉek-Stanić
Prof. dr Branka Kovaĉev-Zavišić

Organizing board:
Organizacioni odbor:

Dr Janko Veselinović, predsednik
Dr Nada I. Vidić
Dr Rade Ćirić
Mr Saša Marković
Ivana Momĉilović
Jelena Kovaĉević-Sudarov
Biljana Juribašić
Lazar Mogin
SrĊan Avramov
Branislava Ţivković




                                          2
                                        Introductory remarks



The publication “The Second Scientific and Research Conference InterRegiSci 2007” contains short
reports pertaining to implementation of scientific and research projects co-financed by the Provincial
Secretariat for Science and Technological Development in 2006. The publication also contains names of
researchers who participated in the project, as well as the name of institution which is the Project Holder.
The purpose of this publication, as well as of this Scientific Conference, which is being organised, is
raising awareness of the general public of the research results and possibility of application of those
results.
Co-financed projects were selected through the Public Call for Proposals announced by the Provincial
Secretariat for Science and Technological Development, for the period from 8th to 31st March 2006. A
total of 76 projects were co-financed, out of which 51 projects represent a continuation of co-financing of
projects from 2005, while 25 are new projects. Projects which were co-financed are divided into six
scientific fields, as follows:
    - field of social sciences and humanities- 13 projects were co-financed
    - field of medical sciences and physical education- 13 projects were co-financed
    - field of natural and mathematical sciences-14 projects were co-financed
    - field of technical and technological sciences-14 projects were co-financed
    - field of biotechnical sciences-18 projects were co-financed
    - field of legal and economic sciences-4 projects were co-financed.
Institutions from 23 countries participated in these projects, that is 9 countries more then in the previous
year. As far as countries from the region are concerned, institutions from the following countries also
participated: Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, Romania, Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece and
Bulgaria. Other European countries whose research institutions participated in those projects are: Ukraine,
Slovakia, Germany, Spain, the Czech Republic, Italy, Austria, Switzerland, Sweden, Russia, Great Britain
and Finland. Apart from European countries, scientific and research institutions from Israel, USA and the
South African Republic were also included as partners.
A total number of 527 scientific and research workers from the country and approximately similar number
of researchers from abroad were engaged in these projects. The number of young researchers (teaching
assistants, assistant lecturers, senior lecturers, researchers, trainee researchers, research assistants)
engaged in these projects was 297, which is 56% of the total number of engaged researchers.




                                                                                                          3
                                           Uvodnе napomene



         U publikaciji ''Drugi nauĉno-struĉni skup InterRegiSci 2007'', sadrţani su kratki izveštaji u
vezi sa realizacijom nauĉnoistraţivaĉkih projekata, koje je sufinansirao Pokrajinski sekretarijat za
nauku i tehnološki razvoj u 2006. godini. Publikacija, sadrţi i imena istraţivaĉa koji su uĉestvovali
na projektu i naziv institucije koja je nosilac projekta.
          Namera ove publikacije, kao i nauĉno-struĉnog skupa koji se organizuje je upoznavanje šire
nauĉne javnosti o rezultatima istraţivanja i o mogućnosti primene tih rezultata.
          Sufinansirani projekti su bili odabrani na osnovu Javog poziva Pokrajinskog sekretaraijata
za nauku i tehnološki razvoj koji je bio raspisan u periodu od 8. do 31. marta 2006. godine. Ukupno
je sufinansirano 76 projekata pri ĉemu 51 projekat predstavlja nastavak sufinansiranja projekata iz
2005. godine, dok je 25 novih projekata. Projekti koji su sufinansirani podeljeni su u šest nauĉnih
oblasti i to:
             - oblast društvenih i humanistiĉkih nauka – sufinansirano je 13 projekata,
             - oblast medicinskih nauka i fiziĉke kulture – sufinansirano je 13 projekata,
             - oblast prirodno-matematiĉkih nauka – sufinansirano je 14 projekata,
             - oblast tehniĉko-tehnoloških nauka – sufinansirano je 14 projekata,
             - oblast biotehniĉkih nauka – sufinansirano je 18 projekata i
             - oblast pravnih i ekonomskih nauka – sufinansirano je 4 projekata.
         Na projektima su uĉestvovale institucije iz 23 zemlje, odnosno iz 9 zemalja više nego
prethodne godine. Iz zemalja regiona, uĉestvovale su institucije iz: Madjarske, Slovenije, Hrvatske,
Rumunije, Makedonije, Bosne i Hercegovine, Grĉke, Bugarske. Ostale evropske zemlje ĉije su
istraţivaĉke institucije uĉestvovale na projektima su: Ukrajina, Slovaĉka, Nemaĉka, Španija, Ĉeška,
Italija, Austrija, Švajcarska, Švedska, Rusija, Velika Britanija i Finska. Osim evropskih zemalja, kao
partneri, pojavile su se i nauĉnoistraţivaĉke institucije iz: Izraela, Sjedinjenih Ameriĉkih drţava i
Juţnoafriĉke Republike.
         Na ovim projektima ukupno je bilo angaţovano 527 nauĉnoistraţivaĉkih radnika iz zemlje i
pribliţno isti broj istraţivaĉa iz inostranstva. Broj angaţovanih mladih istraţivaĉa (asistenata
pripravnika, asistenata, docenata, istraţivaĉa, istraţivaĉa pripravnika i nauĉnih saradnika) na
projektima bio je 297, odnosno 56 % od ukupnog broja angaţovanih istraţivaĉa.




                                                                                                         4
                                                          TABLE OF CONTENTS

BIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES .................................................................................................................... 11
  "Land Reclamation in the Sustainable Development of Agriculture and Water Management in
  Vojvodina" ............................................................................................................................................... 12
  "Inprovement of pigs artificial insemenation technology" ...................................................................... 14
  "Establishment and Management of Energy Plantations" ....................................................................... 16
  "Improved forage production on the grasslands of Vojvodina Province and Romania (territory of
  Banat)" ..................................................................................................................................................... 18
  "Study of the occurence and spread of herbicide resistant weed species with the aim of most effective
  control measures determination".............................................................................................................. 20
  "Development of the integral protection measures of cucumber from causers of cucumber downy
  mildew (Pseudoperonospora cubensis) in order to obtain a health-safe product for further processing
  and export" ............................................................................................................................................... 22
  "Influence of probiotics and prebiotics on broiler production and morphofunctional characteristics of
  broiler's small intestines" ......................................................................................................................... 24
  "Contemporary approach in production practices of some medical plants, with respect to the most
  important pest in Vojvodina province and Romanian part of Banat" ...................................................... 26
  "Possibiliti of improvment of agronomic characteristics of soybean by gamma irradiation" ................. 28
  "Osmotic dryer developments for fruit and vegetables" .......................................................................... 30
  "Classification and Regionalisation of Strategic Crops of Vojvodina" ................................................... 32
  "Ecological and energetic aspects of various land cultivation technologies" .......................................... 34
  " Establishing of mandatory inspection of equipment for pesticide application" .................................... 36
  "Hazard analyses, risk assessment and identification of control measures for food safety on breeding
  farms in APV – development of generic models for food safety on breeding farms" ............................. 38
  "Research on typisation of aviary and other kinds of virus influence by molecular diagnostic
  techniques" ............................................................................................................................................... 40
  "Comparative analysis of animal health in zoo and wild animals and risk of transmission to humans" . 42
  "Research on bases for biodiesel production and use"............................................................................. 44
  "Monitoring of deoxynivalenol in cereals and feeds in Vojvodina" ........................................................ 46
TECHNICAL - TECHNOLOGICAL SCIENCES ...................................................................................... 49
  ''Development of superhard nanocomposites'' ......................................................................................... 50
  ''Design of technology using low-budget Virtual Reality technologies'' ................................................. 52
  ”Estimation of seismic resistance of existing building structures” .......................................................... 54
  ''Features of ground pepper oleoresins obtained by classical and supercritical fluid extraction with CO2''
  .................................................................................................................................................................. 56
  ''Development and Structure Design of Polymeric materials'' ................................................................. 58
  ''Design and manufacturing of products on the principles of Reverse Engineering'' ............................... 60
  ''Development of a complex of technical and legal norms for the usage of biomas as an energy resource
  – with special emphasis on biogas'' .......................................................................................................... 62
  ''Evaluation of Wheat Qality and Wheat Products Intended for Use in the Republic of Serbia, the
  Autonomous Province of Vojvodina and the Republic of Macedonia in Comparison with the Quality
  Model According to the EU Standards'' ................................................................................................... 64
  ''Research and Realization of New Power Converters Design Solutions for Industrial Electric Motor
  Drives''...................................................................................................................................................... 66
  ''Implementation of RFID technology in supply chain (implementation of automation systems in
  logistics) ''................................................................................................................................................. 68
  ''Energy saving and microclimatic control with environment protection in the scope of conventional and
  new accesses of piglets raising'' ............................................................................................................... 70
  ''Technology of Animal Feed Production, Safe for Animals, Humans and Environment'' ...................... 72
                                                                                                                                                                     5
  ''Water Resources Management Balance Sustainable Development and Optimal .................................. 74
  Management'' ........................................................................................................................................... 74
  ''Continued examinating of Tisa eco-sistem in Martonos Senta sector in 2005'' ..................................... 76
NUTURAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS ....................................................................................... 79
  "Molecular physiology of Leydig cells in stress response" ..................................................................... 80
  "The loess-paleosol sequences of the Vojvodina region – key for understanding of paleoclimate and
  paleoenvironmental transition on European land" ................................................................................... 82
  "The adaptation of the germanium detector active shield for low energy gamma region"...................... 84
  "Transition metal complexes with some Schiff bases and pyrazole derivatives" ................................. 86
  "Development of chemical methods of analysis of neonicotinoids and pyridine-carboxilic acid
  derivatives" .............................................................................................................................................. 88
  "Technology of Obtaining and Characterization of Amorphous Semiconductors" ................................. 90
  "Mathematical Models for Decision Making Under Uncertain Conditions and Their Applications" .... 92
  "Physico-chemical characterization of some newly synthesized biological active compounds" ............ 94
  "Linear and General Algebra Tools in Information Technology" ........................................................... 96
  "Lattice Methods and Applications" ........................................................................................................ 98
  "Mathematical Models in Information Technologies" ........................................................................... 100
  "Spectroscopic and Thermodynamic investigation of complexes in multicomponent systems" ......... 102
  "Determinig the Persistan Organic Pullutants in Abiotic and Biotic Matirx of Southern Backa" ..... 104
  "Sustainability of biodiversity in Diversity Centres ( '' HOT SPOTS '' ) of the Balkans And Iberian
  penninsula (Insecta: Diptera: Syrphidae ) " ........................................................................................... 106
SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES .............................................................................................. 109
  "Roma Children integration into Education system of Serbia" ............................................................. 110
  "Multikulturality of AP Vojvodina as a Factor of Regional Linking in Southeastern and Central Europe"
  ................................................................................................................................................................ 112
  "Model of professional Advanced Teachers' Training on the Intercultural Education" ........................ 114
  "Dialect of Novi Sad" ............................................................................................................................ 116
  "Place and significance of Media Studies for Interregional Cooperation" ............................................ 118
  "Spiritual Resources of Vojvodina" ....................................................................................................... 120
  "Vojvodina Nations‟ Suffering 1941-1948" .......................................................................................... 122
  "The family as the value in the time of socio-political transition" ........................................................ 124
  "Innovative culture as a factor in creating and developing innovative systems" ................................... 126
  "Political, Economic and Cultural research of Vojvodina" ................................................................... 128
  "Regional linguistic, literary and cultural vectors in multicultural discourse: Slovak model" .............. 130
  "Intercultural contextualization of Hungarian literature in Vojvodina" ................................................ 132
  "Entrepreneurial Aspirations of Students in Vojvodina" ....................................................................... 134
LOW AND ECONOMICS SCIENCES .................................................................................................... 137
  "Large enterprise systems and tehnology transfer" ................................................................................ 138
  "The interdependece of ekonomic efficiency and working and living enviroment protection in
  Vojvodina province" .............................................................................................................................. 140
  "The opportunities and limitations for the development of entrepreneurship in selected municipalities of
  the Autonomous Region of Vojvodina" ................................................................................................. 142
  "European Regional Policies with Reference to Perspective of Vojvodina" ......................................... 144
MEDICAL SCIENCES AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION ....................................................................... 147
  ''Researcg on New Natural Substances with Microbicidal Effects Against Causative Agents of Bacterial
  Infestions in Women, with Special Emphasis on Causative Agents on Spontaneous Miscarriage and
  Premature Birth''..................................................................................................................................... 148
  ''Dosage Regime for antibacterial Medicine in the Functional of Pharmacodynamic Parameters'' ....... 150
  ''Nutriotion of newborns on teritory of Juţna Baĉka region – phase II – promotion of nutrition'' ........ 152
  ''Early Detection of Colon Carcinoma in Different Groups in Vojvodina, Pilot Research'' .................. 154
                                                                                                                                                                    6
 ''Antrohropological status and Physical Activities of the population of Vojvodina'' ............................. 156
 ''Evaluation of osteoporosis risk levels in female population''............................................................... 158
 ''Influence of hyperprolactinemia on cardiovascular risk factors'' ......................................................... 160
 ''Monitoring of thyroid gland status in postmenopausal osteoporosis treatment''.................................. 162
 ''Hypertension and its complications'' .................................................................................................... 164
 ''Influence of hormonal therapy on an increase of fertile potential of children with undescended testes''
 ................................................................................................................................................................ 166
 ''Brain 1H-MR Spectroscopy of Patients with Leber‟s Hereditary Optic Neuropathy and Non-affected
 Carriers of mtDNA Mutations'' .............................................................................................................. 168
 ''Responses of the human body to physical stress and limits of compesatory mechanisms'' ................. 170
 ''Blidness and Low Vision and the Importance of Cataract Surgery for Decrease of Treatable Blindness
 in Vojvodina'' ......................................................................................................................................... 172
NAME REGISTER .................................................................................................................................... 174




                                                                                                                                                                   7
                                                                       SADRŢAJ

BIOTEHNIĈKE NAUKE ............................................................................................................................ 11
  "Melioracije u odrţivom razvoju poljoprivrede i vodoprivrede Vojvodine" ........................................... 13
  "UnapreĊenje tehnologije veštaĉkog osemenjivanja svinja" ................................................................... 15
  "Osnivanje i gazdovanje zasadima za proizvodnju energije (II faza)" .................................................... 17
  "Unapredjenje proizvodnje kabaste stoĉne hrane na travnjacima Vojvodine i Rumunije (na teritoriji
  Banata)".................................................................................................................................................... 19
  "Prouĉavanje pojave i širenja rezistentnih vrsta korova na herbicide u cilju pronalaţenja najefikasnijih
  mera suzbijanja" ....................................................................................................................................... 21
  “Razrada mera integralne zaštite krastavaca od prouzrokovaĉa plemenjaĉe” ......................................... 23
  "Uticaj probiotika i prebiotika na proizvodne performanse i morfofunkcionalne karakteristike tankih
  creva brojlera" .......................................................................................................................................... 25
  "Savremeni pristup tehnologiji gajenja nekih lekovitih biljaka sa osvrtom na najznaĉajnije patogene u
  Vojvodini i rumunskom delu Banata"...................................................................................................... 27
  "Mogućnost poboljšanja agronomskih karakteristika genotipova soje gama-zraĉenjem" ....................... 29
  "Razvoj osmotske sušare za voće i povrće" ............................................................................................. 31
  "Klasifikacija i regionalizacija strateških kultura Vojvodine" ................................................................. 33
  "Ekološki i energetski aspekti razliĉitih tehnologija obrade zemljišta" ................................................... 35
  "Oraganizacija inspekcije tehnike za aplikaciju pesticida" ...................................................................... 37
  "Analiza opasnosti, procena rizika i identifikacija kontrolnih mera za bezbednost hrane u farmskom
  uzgoju ţivotinja u APV – Razvoj generiĉkog modela za bezbednost hrane u farmskom uzgoju
  ţivotinja" .................................................................................................................................................. 39
  "Izuĉavanje implementacije programa kontrole i eradikacije herpesvirusne infekcije u priplodnim
  zapatima goveda" ..................................................................................................................................... 41
  "Komparativna analiza zdravstvenog stanja ţivotinja u ZOO vrtovima i divljoj prirodi i potencijalni
  rizik za širenje parazitskih bolesti na ljude" ............................................................................................ 43
  "Istraţivanje podloga za proizvodnju biodizela" ..................................................................................... 45
  "Monitoring deoksinivalenola u ţitaricama i hranivima Vojvodine" ...................................................... 47
TEHNIĈKO-TEHNOLOŠKE NAUKE ...................................................................................................... 49
  ''Razvoj super tvrdih nanokompozita''...................................................................................................... 51
  ''Projektovanje tehnologije primenom niskobudţetskih tehnologija virtuelne stvarnosti'' ...................... 53
  "Procena seizmiĉke otpornosti konstrukcija postojećih zgrada" ............................................................. 55
  ''Karakteristike oleorizina mlevene zaĉinske paprike dobijenog klasiĉnom i ekstrakcijom superkritiĉnim
  ugljen-dioksidom'' .................................................................................................................................... 57
  ''Projektovanje strukture polimernih materijala'' ...................................................................................... 59
  ''Razvoj i izrada proizvoda na principima reverzibilnog inţenjerstva'' .................................................... 61
  ''Razvoj kompleksa tehniĉkih i pravnih propisa za korišćenje biomase kao energenta, a posebno
  biogasa'' .................................................................................................................................................... 63
  ”Vrednovanje kvaliteta pšenice i proizvoda od nje prema nameni u Republici Srbiji - AP Vojvodini i
  Republici Makedoniji u poreĊenju da modelom kvaliteta po standardima EU” ..................................... 65
  ''Istraţivanje i realizacija novih rešenja energetskih pretvaraĉa u industrijskim elektromotornim
  pogonima'' ................................................................................................................................................ 67
  ''RFID tehnologija u lancima snabdevanja (primena automatizovanih sistema u logistici) '' .................. 69
  ''Ušteda energije i regulacija mikroklimata sa zaštitom ţivotne sredine u okviru konvencionalnih i novih
  pristupa uzgoju prasadi'' ........................................................................................................................... 71
  ''Tehnologija hrane za ţivotinje, bezbedna za ţivotinje, ljude i okolinu'' ................................................ 73
  ''Vodoprivredni bilans Vojvodine – optimalno upravljanje i odrţivi razvoj'' .......................................... 75
  ''Kontinuirano ispitivanje ekosistema reke Tise na deonici Martonoš-Senta u 2005. godini'' ................. 77
PRIRODNO-MATEMATIĈKE NAUKE ................................................................................................... 79
                                                                                                                                                                 8
  "Molekularna fiziologija Leyding-ovih ćelija u odgovoru na stres"........................................................ 81
  "Lesno-paleozemljišne sekvence Vojvodine-kljuĉ za razumevanje paleoklimatske i paleoekološke
  tranzicije na evropskom kopnu"............................................................................................................... 83
  "PrilagoĊavanje aktivne zaštite germanijumskog spektrometra za nisko-energetski region" ................. 85
  "Kompleksi prelaznih metala sa nekim Šifovim bazama i derivatima pirazola" ................................. 87
  "Razvoj hemijskih metoda analize neonikotinoida i derivata piridin-karboksilne kiseline" ................... 89
  "Tehnologija dobijanja i karakterizacija neureĊenih poluprovodnika" ................................................... 91
  "Matematiĉki modeli za donošenje odluka pod neodreĊenim uslovima i njihova primena" .................. 93
  "Fiziĉko-hemijska ispitivanja novosintetisanih bioloških aktivnih jedinjenja" ....................................... 95
  "Alati opšte i linearne algebre u raĉunarstvu".......................................................................................... 97
  "Mreţne metode i primene" ..................................................................................................................... 99
  "Matematiĉki modeli u informacionim tehnologijama" ....................................................................... 101
  "Spektroskopska i termodinamiĉka istraţivanja kompleksa u višekomponentnim sistemima" .......... 103
  "OdreĊivanje perzistentnih organskih polutanata u abiotskom i biotskom matriksu Juţne Baĉke" ...... 105
  "Odrţavanje biodiveziteta u centrima raznovsnosti ( '' HOT SPOTS'' ) Balkanskog i Iberijskog
  poluostrva ( Insecta:Diptera:Syrphidae ) " ............................................................................................. 107
DRUŠTVENE I HUMANISTIĈKE NAUKE ........................................................................................... 109
  "Integracija romske dece u školski sistem Srbije" ................................................................................. 111
  "Multikulturalnost AP Vojvodine kao ĉinilac regionalnog povezivanja u jugoistoĉnoj i centralnoj
  Evropi " .................................................................................................................................................. 113
  "Modeli struĉnog usavršavanja nastavnika za interkulturalno vaspitanje i obrazovanje " .................... 115
  "Govor Novog Sada" ............................................................................................................................. 117
  "Mesto i znaĉaj medijskih studija za medjuregionalnu saradnju" ........................................................ 119
  "Duhovni resursi Vojvodine" ................................................................................................................. 121
  "Istraţivanje istine o stradanju stanovnika Vojvodine od 1941. do 1948. godine" ............................... 123
  "Porodica kao vrednost u društvu u procesu tranzicije" ........................................................................ 125
  "Inovaciona kultura kao faktor u formiranju i razvoju inocacionih sistema" ........................................ 127
  "Istraţivanja politiĉke, privredne i kulturne prošlosti Vojvodine" ........................................................ 129
  "Regionalni jeziĉki, knjiţevni i kulturni vektori u multikulturnom diskursu – Slovaĉka paradigma" .. 131
  "Interkulturalna kontekstualizacija vojvoĊanske maĊarske knjiţevnost" .............................................. 133
  "Preduzetniĉke sklonosti studenata i odnos prema budućnosti " ........................................................... 135
PRAVNE I EKONOMSKE NAUKE ........................................................................................................ 137
  "Veliki privredni sistemi i transfer tehnologije" .................................................................................... 139
  "MeĊuzavisnost ekonomske efikasnosti i zaštite radne i ţivotne sredine" ............................................ 141
  "Mogućnosti i ograniĉenja razvoja preduzetništva na nivou porodiĉnih, malih i srednjih preduzeća u
  Autonomnoj Pokrajini Vojvodini" ......................................................................................................... 143
  "Evropske regionalne politike sa osvrtom na perspektivu Vojvodine" ................................................. 145
MEDICINSKE NAUKE I FIZIĈKA KULTURA ..................................................................................... 147
  ''Iznalaţenje novih prirodnih supstanci sa antimikrobnim delovanjem kod uzroĉnika bakterijskih
  infekcija kod ţena, sa posebnim osvrtom na uzroĉnike spontanih pobaĉaja i prevremenih poroĊaja'' . 149
  ''Dozni reţim antibakterijskih lekova u funkciji farmakodinamskih parametara'' ................................. 151
  ''Ishrana NovoroĊenĉadi na teritoriji regiona Juţna Baĉka - faza II unapreĊenje ishrane''.................... 153
  ''Rana detekcija karcinoma debelog creva u razliĉitim etniĉkim grupama Vojvodine, pilot istraţivanje''
  ................................................................................................................................................................ 155
  ''Antropološki status i fiziĉka aktivnost stanovništva Vojvodine'' ......................................................... 157
  ''Procena stepena rizika za osteoporozu u ţenskoj populaciji stanovništva'' ......................................... 159
  ''Uticaj hiperprolaktinemije na kardiovaskularne faktore rizika'' ........................................................... 161
  ''Monitoring statusa tireoidne ţlezde u tretmanu postmenopauzalne eksperimentalne osteoporoze'' .... 163
  ''Hipertenzija i njene komplikacije'' ....................................................................................................... 165
  ''Uticaj hormonalne terapije na povećanje fertilnog potencijala dece sa nespuštenim testisima'' .......... 167
                                                                                                                                                                    9
  ''Biohemijska heterogenost moţdanog parenhima: 1H MR spektroskopska studija uticaja starenja i
  regije na koncentracije metabolita mozga'' ............................................................................................ 169
  ''Odgovori ljudskog organizma na uticaj fiziĉkog opterećenja i limiti kompenzatornih mehanizama''. 171
  ''Slepilo i slabovidost i znaĉaja hirurgije katarakte za smanjenje izleĉivog slepila u Vojvodini'' ......... 173
REGISTAR IMENA .................................................................................................................................. 174




                                                                                                                                                 10
BIOTECHNICAL SCIENCES
 BIOTEHNIČKE NAUKE




                        11
Atila Salvai, AnĊelka Belić, Sima Belić, Pavel Benka, Zorica SrĊević, Bojan SrĊević, Mićo Škorić, Milica
Rajić, Radovan Savić, Dragica Stojiljković, Jasmina Josimov-DunĊerski,
Faculty of Agriculture in Novi Sad
"Land Reclamation in the Sustainable Development of Agriculture and Water Management in
Vojvodina"

Extreme hydrometeorological conditions in the past few years have yet once again been a reminder of the
significance of functionality and efficacy of the land reclaiming systems. Land reclamations have to be
ready to answer to all the challenges – not only to those of the natural conditions, but also to the ever
harsher demands set up by the world market, regulations, modern approaches and the similarly. Current
principles of organic production and sustainable development which are set up while using natural
resources also entail proper adjustment of land reclamations, which is one of the prerequisites for the
approach and the competitiveness of the agricultural products on the market with the indispensable
preservation of all the elements of natural environment. Bearing that perspective in mind and in
accordance with the research plan, the studies on the following topics have been realized:
1.      Digitalization of the maps of drainage soil types and the suitability of the land for irrigation;
2.      The criteria for assessing the quality of the silt in drainage channels and the condition of certain
sections on detailed drainage system in Vojvodina.
3.      The impact of wetlands on changes in the regime of ground and surface water systems;
4.      The research of the expansion and transformation of pollution along the section of detailed
drainage system from the outlet of concentrated pollutants to the inflow in main drainage system;
5.      The water usability for irrigation from the detailed drainage system;
6.      Mathematical model of the expansion and the transformation of pollution along the sections of
detailed drainage system from the outlet of concentrated pollutants to the inflow in main drainage system;
7.      The study on the possibility of improvement of the usage of regional hydrosystem “Nadela” in
accordance with European standards.
The project proposal as well as the proposal of certain topics stem from Public Water Management
Company "Vode Vojvodine", major economical system and from the vital institution, AP Vojvodina. The
commitment and assistance of workers of Public Water Management Company “Vode Vojvodine” in the
research reflected, first of all, in collecting, systematization and analysis of topographic, pedologic,
hydrographic and other data, in defining number of research areas, dynamics, types and extension of
analysis, in choosing the software for hydrological-hydraulical analysis and in the implementation of
research results with the associates - participants in the realization of the Project.
(Appendix: Photocopies of conclusions of the seven research topics)
(Appendix: the list of published studies in 2006. and 2007, with the photocopies of 53 papers and the
publication: "Sustainable Land Reclamations" with CD).
Realization of the certain parts of the Project has been conducted through consultations and by sharing the
experiences with foreign partners. Along with that, on the 24th of January, 2007, the Faculty of
Agriculture, Novi Sad, has organized The Scientific Meeting: “Land Reclamation 07 – Condition and
Perspectives”. The Scientific Meeting was the opportunity to exchange the latest scientific and practical
findings with national and foreign experts from different branches and to publish results of the joint
cooperative research.
(Appendix: Publication of the proceedings and CD)

Reference:

1.   Štampani Tematski zbornik radova i CD Zbornika




                                                                                                         12
Atila Salvai, AnĊelka Belić, Sima Belić, Pavel Benka, Zorica SrĊević, Bojan SrĊević, Mićo Škorić, Milica
Rajić, Radovan Savić, Dragica Stojiljković, Jasmina Josimov-DunĊerski,
Poljoprivredni fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Melioracije u odrţivom razvoju poljoprivrede i vodoprivrede Vojvodine"

Ekstremni hidrometeorološki uslovi proteklih godina još jednom su podsetili na znaĉaj funkcionalnosti i
efikasnosti melioracionih sistema. Melioracije moraju da budu spremne da odgovore na izazove ne samo
prirodnih uslova, nego i na sve oštrije zahteve koje postavlja svetsko trţište, regulativa, savremeni pristupi
i sl. Aktuelni principi organske proizvodnje i odrţivog razvoja pri korišćenju prirodnih resursa
podrazumevaju i adekvatno prilagoĊavanje melioracija, što je jedan od preduslova za pristup i
konkurentnost poljoprivrednih proizvoda na trţištu uz neizostavno oĉuvanje svih elemenata ţivotne
sredine. U tom kontekstu i u skladu sa planom istraţivanja realizovani su radovi na sledećim Temama:
1. Digitalizacija karata drenaţnih klasa zemljišta i pogodnosti zemljišta za navodnjavanje;
2. Kriterijumi za ocenu kvaliteta muljeva u melioracionim kanalima i stanje na pojedinim deonicama
    DKM u Vojvodini;
3. Uticaj laguna na promene reţima podzemnih i površinskih voda;
4. Istraţivanje rasprostiranja i transformacije zagaĊenja duţ deonica DKM od upuštanja koncentrisanih
    zagaĊivaĉa do uliva u OKM;
5. Upotrebljivost vode za navodnjavanje iz detaljne kanalske mreţe;
6. Matematiĉki model rasprostiranja i transformacije zagaĊenja duţ deonica DKM od upuštanja
    koncentrisanih zagaĊivaĉa do uliva u OKM;
7. Studija mogućnosti unapreĊenja korišćenja regionalnog hidrosistema 'Nadela' prema evropskim
    standardima;
        Predlog projekata i pojedinih tema istraţivanja potiĉe od JVP "Vode Vojvodine", velikog
poslovno-privrednog sistema i znaĉajne institucije AP Vojvodine. Angaţovanost i pomoć radnika javnog
vodoprivrednog preduzeća "Vode Vojvodine" u istraţivanjima se ogledala, pre svega u: prikupljanju,
sistematizaciji i analizi topografskih, pedoloških, hidrografskih i drugih podloga; odreĊivanju broja
lokaliteta istraţivanja, dinamike, vrste i obima analiza; izboru softvera za hidrološko-hidrauliĉke analize; i
primeni rezultata istraţivanja kod participanta - uĉesnika u realizaciji Projekta.
(PRILOG: Fotokopije zakljuĉaka sedam Tema istraţivanja).
(PRILOG: Spisak objavljenih radova u 2006. i 2007. godini, sa fotokopijama 53 radova i Publikacijom:
"Odrţive melioracije" sa CD-om).
        Realizacija pojedinih delova Projekta odvijala se uz konsultacije i razmenu iskustava sa stranim
partnerima. Pored toga, 24.01.2007. godine na Poljoprivrednom fakultetu u Novom Sadu, organizovano je
Savetovanje: "MELIORACIJE 07 – STANJE I PERSPEKTIVE". Savetovanje je bila prilika da se
razmene najnovija saznanja iz nauke i prakse, sa domaćim i inostranim struĉnjacima iz razliĉitih oblasti i
objave zajedniĉki rezultati istraţivanja na Projektu.




                                                                                                           13
Blagoje Stanĉić, Mladen Gagrĉin, Aleksandar Boţić, Ivan Radović,
Faculty of Agriculture in Novi Sad
"Inprovement of pigs artificial insemenation technology"

Sows fertility (farrowing rate and litter size) were investigated in relation to: (1) catheter top shape, (2)
cervix stimulation by catheter within insemination, (3) sort of catheters used for standard intracervical
insemination, (4) reduced dose volume and (5) reduced sperm number per dose, in the new technology of
intrauterine insemination. The catheter top shape singnificatelly influenced sows farrowing rate and live
born piglet per litter (Supertip:77% and 9,3; Spirette: 80% and 10,1; Foamtip: 88% and 10,7). Farrowing
rate and live born piglet per litter were significant higher (83% and 10,0) after cervix stimulation,
compared with control sows (71% and 9,3). Insemination with sterilized lubricated catheters rezult with
higher farrowing rate (87%), compared with standard catheters (67%). Buth, live born piglets per litter
were not significant related with sort of catheters. Reduction of dose volume and number of sperm per
doze by 50%, compared with standard dose, in combination with new intrauterine insemination, result
with high farrowing rate (over the 80%) and live born piglet per litter (10 to 11). Application of these new
intrauterine AI technology, significantelly increase the reproductive exploatation of genetic superior
boars, by inseminatig about 100% more sows in comparation with standard intracervical insemination
procedure. It is recommended the application of intrauterine insemination, with single wrapped, serilised
and lubricated catheters in practic swine AI.

Reference:

1. Stanĉić, B, Grafenau, P, jr, Hrenek, P, Radović, I, Gagrĉin, M: Uticaj vrste inseminacionih katetra i
   postinseminacione stimulacije cerviksa na fertilitet krmaĉa. Savremena poljop.,55(1-2)91-94, 2006.
2. Stanĉić, B, Radović, I, Stanĉić, I, Kragić, S: Uticaj stimulacije cerviksa pre i posle inseminacije na
   fertilitet krmaĉa. Savremena poljoprivreda, 55 (5)8-12, 2006.
3. Stanĉić, B, Radović, I, Stanĉić, I, Gagrĉin, M, Boţić, A, Kragić, S, Grafenau, P. jr, Chrenek, P, Pivko,
   J: Fertilitet krmaĉa posle intracervikalne i intrauterine inseminacije dozama redukovanog volumena.
   Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 22(special issue)273-281, 2006.
4. Stanĉić, B, Boţić, A, Radović, I, Grafenau, P, sen, Pivko, J, Hrenek, P, Stanĉić, I: Veštaĉko
   osemenjavanje svinja dozama sa smanjenim brojem spermatozoida (pregled). Savremena
   poljoprivreda, 56(1-2)1-11, 2007.
5. Radović, I., Stanĉić, B, Boţić, A, Gagrĉin, M, Grafenau, P, sen, Grafenau, P, jr: Fertilitet krmaĉa posle
   intrauterine (transcervikalne) inseminacije. Savremena poljoprivreda, 56(1-2)12-18, 2007.




                                                                                                          14
Blagoje Stanĉić, Mladen Gagrĉin, Aleksandar Boţić, Ivan Radović,
Poljoprivredni fakultet u Novom Sadu
"UnapreĎenje tehnologije veštačkog osemenjivanja svinja"

Izvršena su istraţivanja fertiliteta veštaĉki osemenjenih krmaĉa u vezi sa uticajem: (1) oblika vrha
katetera, (2) stimulacije cerviksa kateterom, tokom insemiancije, (3) vrste katera kod intracervikalne
inseminacije, (4) smanjenog volumena inseminacione doze i (5) smanjenog broja spermatpzoida u dozi,
kod intrauterine inseminacije. Pokazalo se da oblik vrha katetera znaĉajno utiĉe na postignut fertilitet
krmaĉa. Tako su % prašenja i broj ţivoroĊene prasadi u leglu iznosili za kateter Supertip 77,3% i 9,3;
Spirette 80,2% i 10,1, a za kateter Foamtip 88,5% prasenja i 10,7 ţivoroĊene prasadi. Stimulacija cerviksa
pre i posle inseminacije, u trajanju od oko 2 minuta, ima za rezultat znatno veću vrednost prašenja
(83,3%) i veći broj ţivoroĊene prasadi u leglu (10,0), u odnosu na krmaĉe koje nisu bile stimulisane
(71,1% i 9,33). Inseminacija jednokratnim kateterima, fabriĉki sterilisanim i premazanim antibiotskim
lubrikansom, daje znatno bolje rezultate prasenja (87%) od intracervikalne inseminacije izvedene
klasiĉnim katetrima (67%). Broj ţivoroĊene prasadi po leglu se nije znaĉajno razlikovao. Primenom nove,
plitke intrauterine inseminacije, moguće je koristiti doze duplo manjeng volumena i sa duplo manjim
brojem spermatozoida, u odnosu na klasiĉnu intracerviklanu inseminaciju. Pri tome se postiţu vrlo visoke
vrednosti fertiliteta krmaĉa (preko 80% prasenja i 10 do 11 ţivoroĊene prasadi po leglu). Primena nove
tehnologije intrauterine inseminacije, dvostruko povećava reproduktivnu eksploataciju nerastova
superiornih genetskih svojstava. Zbog toga se preporuĉuje primena intrauterine inseminacije, kakteterima
za jednokratnu upotrebu, fabriĉki sterilisanim i premezanim antibiotskim lubrikansom.




                                                                                                       15
Bojana Klašnja, Saša Orlović, Petar Ivanišević, Zoran Galić, Savo Ronĉević, Siniša Andrašev, Andrej
Pilipović, Borivoj Krstić, Slobodanka Pajević,
Institute of lowland forestry and environment in Novi Sad
"Establishment and Management of Energy Plantations"

Pursuant to the European Union Directive (European Commission's White Paper, 1997), the goal is to
double the percentage of renewable biomass in the total energy consumption in the European Union, from
the present 6% to 12%, till 2010. According to the Directive, the greatest part of the renewable biomass
should originate from wood biomass, which means the additional 101 million m3 per year. Based on the
most of the prognoses that deal with the global consumption of energy, the most important source of
biomass are going to be the dense plantations of fast growing broadleaf species (poplar, willows and black
locust), with short rotations.
For this reason, the objective of this Project is to research the potentials of the creation and introduction to
production of poplar varieties with the increased genetic potentials regarding the high biomass quantity
and quality, adapted to unfavourable sites and resistant to diseases and injuries, in the framework of
multiannual work on tree breeding and creation of new varieties at the Institute.
Based on the results of the determined higher heating value of wood and bark, and based on the
determined biomass volume of different poplar clones, we assessed the potential production of heat
energy obtained by the combustion of chipped biomass from very young plantations (annual plantations,
together with bark and branches). It was concluded that the energy which could be produced by the
combustion of biomass greatly depends both on the volume of biomass yield and on the value of wood
bulk density, which determines the biomass weight, and in this way also the potential quantity of energy.
The determined values of biomass yield in the plantations were about 12 - 28 t/ha per year. The
differences mostly originate from the great difference in the values of bulk density of the new selected
deltoid clones and Euramerican clones, which are still dominant in the existing plantations. Consequently,
the estimated quantity of energy varies from almost 590 GJ/ha for the clone S6-7, to about 190GJ/ha
annually for cl. I-214.
        It is very important to emphasise that the new varieties have high values of bulk density which is
very significant from the aspect of the potential quantity of energy generated by combustion, since the
higher value of bulk density means also the higher weight of wood, i.e. also the greater quantity of heat,
because the interclonal differences in calorific values are mainly insignificant. This means that it is
necessary, in addition to numerous genetic factors, biological factors, site conditions and resistance to
diseases and pests, it should be taken into account that the clones intended for the establishment of energy
plantations should have high values of bulk density (more than 400kg/m3) which realises a significant
energy potential of the selected poplar clones.

Reference:

1. Klašnja,B, Orlović,S, Galić,Z, Drekic, M.(2006): Poplar biomass of short rotation plantations as
   renewable energy raw material, in ”PROGRESS IN BIOMASS AND BIOENERGY RESEARCH”,
   editor Frank Columbus, izdavaĉ Nova Science Publishers, INC. Njujork, USA :35-66. ISBN 1-59454-
   865-X
2. Orlovic,S,Pilipovic,A,Galic,Z, Ivanisevic,P, Radosavljevic,N. (2006). Results of poplar clone testing
   in field experiments Genetika vol 38 no3, 257-266
3. Galić,., Orlović,S, Ivanišević,P, Pekeĉ,S, Vasić,V. (2006): Mogućnost pošumljavanja halomorfnih tala
   u Vojvodini. Radovi Šumarskog instituta Jastrebarsko, vol.41, 1-2: 45-50.
4. Galić,Z,Orlović,S,Vasić,V.(2006): Efekti folijarnog djubrenja na proizvodnju sadnica Populus
   deltoides Bartr. Savremena poljoprivreda vol.55, 5:85-91.



                                                                                                             16
5. Galić,Z,Orlović,S,Klašnja,B, Pilipović,A, Katanić,M. (2006): Effects of mycorrhiza application on the
   production of planting stock of high yield poplar varietes. International Poplar Symposium, june 2006,
   Nanjing, Abstracts:
6. Ivanišević, P, Ronĉević, S, Andrašev, S, Tomović, Z,Galić, Z, Pekeĉ, S.(2006): Edafic hydrological
   conditions significant for black poplar cultivation, International Scientific Conference, In occasion of
   60 year of operation of Institute of Forestry, Belgrade, Serbia, Sustainable use of Forest Ecosystems,
   The Challange of the 21st Century,Donji Milanovac, Serbia. The Book of Abstracts: 68
7. Andrašev,S, Ronĉević,S, Pekeĉ,S. (2006): Karakteristike rasta nekih klonova crnih topola. Radovi
   Šumarskog instituta Jastrebarsko, vol.41, 1-2: 25-30.

Bojana Klašnja, Saša Orlović, Petar Ivanišević, Zoran Galić, Savo Ronĉević, Siniša Andrašev, Andrej
Pilipović, Borivoj Krstić, Slobodanka Pajević,
Institut za nizijsko šumarstvo i ţivotnu sredinu u Novom Sadu
"Osnivanje i gazdovanje zasadima za proizvodnju energije (II faza)"

U faznom izveštaju za period april – decembar 2006. godine je prikazan deo rezultata koji se odnosi na
definisanje zapreminskie mase, prirast, kao i koliĉinu – zapreminu i masu, proizvedene biomase po
jedinici površine zasada ispitivanih klonova topola. U navedenim radovima su diskutovani rezultati
statistiĉke analize velikog broja uzoraka za razliĉite klonove (uglavnom crnih topola), koji su uzgajani na
razliĉitim tipovima zemljišta (staništa), sa razliĉitim brojem biljaka po hektaru, u juvenilnoj fazi rasta –
starost ispitivanih biljaka se kretala od 4 do 8 godina.
Na osnovu rezultata odredjivanja gornje topolotne moći drveta i kore , kao i na osnovu odredjene
zapremine biomase razliĉitih klonova topola, izvršena je procena mogućnosti proizvodnje toplotne
energije sagorevanjem usitnjene biomase iz veoma mladih zasada (jednogodišnji zasadi, zajedno sa korom
i granama). Konstatovano je da energija koja bi se mogla proizvesti sagorevanjem biomase u velikoj meri
zavisi, kako od zapreminskog prinosa biomase, tako i od vrednosti zapreminske mase drveta, koja
odredjuje teţinu biomase, a samim tim i potencijalnu koliĉinu energije. Tako su odredjene maksimalne
vrednosti prinosa biomase u zasadu klona S6-7 od preko 28 tona po hektaru godišnje, što je oko 2,5 puta
više u poredjenju sa klonom I-214 kojeg još uvek ima u proizvodnim zasadima (11,923 t/hа), najviše zbog
velike razlike u vrednosti zapreminke mase ovih dvaju klonova. Samim tim, procenjena koliĉina energije
dostiţe skoro 590 GJ/ha za klon S6-7, dok je potencijal cl. I-214 samo oko 190GJ/ha godišnje.
U periodu decembar 2006 – mart 2007, prema predvidjenom planu rada na Projektu, bilo je neophodno
sumirati i obraditi rezultate istraţivanja iz svih obuhvaćenih oblasti. Kako se iz popisa literture koja je
data u poglavlju II 2 vidi, tematika objavljenih radova je uglavnom takva da predstavlja saţeti prikaz
višegodišnjih usmerenih istraţivanja koja su dovela do pripreme dokumentacije za prijavljivanje novih
sorti, sposobnih da rastu na manje pogodnim zemljištima, sa velikim prinosima biomase u ranoj fazi rasta,
u zasadima sa velikim brojem biljaka po jedinici površine. Takodje, veoma je znaĉajno da su nove sorte sa
visokim vrednostima zapreminske mase koja je veoma znaĉajna sa aspekta potencijalne koliĉine energije
nastale sagorevanjem, jer veća vrednost zapreminske mase znaĉi veću teţinu drveta, odnosno i veću
koliĉinu toplote, pošto interklonalne razlike kaloriĉne vrednosti uglavnom nisu znaĉajne. To znaĉi da je
neophodno, pored mnogobrojnih genetskih faktora, faktora biloške prirode, uslova staništa i otpornosti na
bolesti i štetoĉine, imati u vidu da klonovi namenjeni za osnivanje energetskih zasada moraju da imaju
visoke vrednosti zapreminske mase (preko 400kg/m3). To je znaĉajno zbog toga što veliki zapreminski
prinosi samo uz visoke vrednosti zapreminske mase ostvaruju znaĉajan energetski potencijal
selekcionisanih klonova topola.




                                                                                                         17
Branko Ćupina, Pero Erić, Dragan Đukić, Olivera Ilić, ĐorĊe Krstić, Slobodan Katić, Sanja Vasiljević,
Dragan Milić,
Faculty of Agriculture in Novi Sad
"Improved forage production on the grasslands of Vojvodina Province and Romania (territory of
Banat)"

In the three locations (Aradac, Titel and vicinity of Novi Sad) selected for the previous stage of work, we
continued to work on the improvement of forage following the accepted methodology (monitoring the
changes in botanical composition, recording yield and quality of grasslands). For the second stage of the
project to be conducted in 2006, six additional locations were selected, one on the territory of Srem
(Krnješevci), five on the territory of Banat (Melenci, Deliblato, Bela Crkva, Kumane and Novo
Miloševo). The soil and floristic analyses conducted in the locations Novo Miloševo and Kumane
indicated that cultural practices such as harrowing and fertilization won't be sufficient and that more
serious practices will be needed. The extra expenses necessary for the latter practices were decided to be
economically unprofitable and further activities were thus discontinued. In the other selected locations,
experimental plots were measured out and nitrogen treatments applied (harrowing + N1-40, N2-80, N3-
120, N4-160 kg/ha and N5 - additional seeding of a legume depending on the botanical composition of
grasslands). Because of specific weather conditions in some locations (excessive rainfalls, floods, high
ground water tables), the fertilization and harrowing treatments had to be repeated in the summer and fall.
All locations were marked using global positioning equipment (GPS). Also, measures were taken to help
the grasslands overwinter and to facilitate the action of fertilization treatments in the spring of 2007. As
previously planned, new locations were checked in the course of the 2006 growing season and additional
location will be checked at the beginning of the 2007 growing season in order to establish an experimental
network that would cover the entire territory of the Vojvodina Province.

Reference:

1. Ćupina B, Erić P, Krstić Dj, and Vuĉković S. (2005): Effect of permanent grassland productivity in
   the Vojvodina province. Intergrating Efficient Grassland Farming and Biodiversity. Grassland Science
   in Europe, Vol. 10, p.485-488.
2. Eric P, Cupina B. and Katic S. (2003): Yield and quality of forage from solonetz grasslands of the
   Vojvoina province. Optimal Forage System for Animal Production and Environment, Grassland
   Science in Europe, Vol. 8, 56-59.
3. Vuckovic S, Simic A, Eric P, Cupina B, Petrovic R, Stanisavljevic R. and Vuckovic M. (2003):
   Relationships between forage yield and quality of perennial ryegrass and different rates of nitrogen
   ferilizer. Optimal Forage System for Animal Production and Environment, Grassland Science in
   Europe, Vol. 8, 198-199.
4. Vuckovic. S, Simic A., Cupina B, Stojanovic I. and Stanisavljevic R. (2003): The effect of vegetation
   area size on grass seed yield. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Vol. 48, No 1, 125-134.




                                                                                                         18
Branko Ćupina, Pero Erić, Dragan Đukić, Olivera Ilić, ĐorĊe Krstić, Slobodan Katić, Sanja Vasiljević,
Dragan Milić,
Poljoprivredni fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Unapredjenje proizvodnje kabaste stočne hrane na travnjacima Vojvodine i Rumunije (na
teritoriji Banata)"

Na tri postojeća lokaliteta (Aradac, Titel i okolina Novog Sada) koja su determinisana u prethodnoj fazi
projekta, nastavljen je rad na unapredjenju kabaste stoĉne hrane, prema utvrdjenoj metodici. Naime,
nastavljeno je sa praćenjem i utvrdjivanjem promena u botaniĉkom sastavu kao i evidentiranje prinosa i
kvaliteta travnjaka. U drugoj fazi projekta, odnosno 2006 godini odredjeno je još šest specifiĉnih lokaliteta
na teritoriji Srema (Krnješevci) i Banata (Melenci, Deliblato, Bela crkva, Kumane i Novo Miloševo). Na
lokalitetima Novo Miloševo i Kumane, nakon odredjivanja kvaliteta zemljišta i floristiĉkog sastava
travnjaka, konstatovano je da je na navedenim lokalitetima neophodno izvršiti ozbiljnije melorativne
zahvate, te da primena pojedinih agrotehniĉkih mera kao što su drljanje i djubrenje neće dati odgovarajuće
rezultate. Naime, usled potrebe za većim ulaganjima, rad na popravci prirodnih travnjaka na ova dva
lokaliteta nije ekonomski opravdan. Na ostalim determinisanim lokalitetima nakon razmeravanja i
parcelisanja, primenjeni su već utvrdjeni tretmani djubrenja (drljanje + N1-40, N2-80, N3-120, N4-160
kg/ha i N5-podsejavanje sa adekvatnom leguminozom u zavisnosti od botaniĉkog sastava travnjaka). U
saglasnosti sa utvrdjenom metodikom, odredjen je botaniĉki sastav i kvalitet prirodne fitocenoze,
oadnosno travnjaka, kao i hemijski sastav zemljišta. Imajući u vidu specifiĉnost godine (obilne padavine,
poplave, kao i visok nivo podzemnih voda u prolećnom delu vegetacije) na pojedinim lokalitetima
postavljeni tretmani sa djubrenjem i drljanjem morali su se ponoviti u leto i jesen. U cilju lakšeg
snalaţenja i organizacije ogleda svi lokaliteti su obeleţeni i locirani uz pomoć GPS metode. Takodje,
primenjene su adekvatne mere za tzv. prezimljavanje travnjaka, u cilju efikasnijeg sprovodjenja i
delovanja tretmana (drljanje i djubrenje) na proleće naredne godine (2007). U skladu sa planiranim
aktivnostima, u toku vegetacije prethodne, 2006 godine, kao i na poĉetku vegetacije tekuće godine,
izvršen je monitoring i odredjene nove potencijalne lokacije za postavljanje mikroogleda u cilju stvaranja
jedinstvene mreţe ogleda na celokupnoj teritoriji Vojvodine.




                                                                                                          19
Branko Konstantinović, Slobodanka Stojanović, Maja Meseldţija, Dejana Lazić,
Faculty of Agriculture in Novi Sad
"Study of the occurence and spread of herbicide resistant weed species with the aim of most
effective control measures determination"

Herbicide use and lack of alternative weed control methods in conditions of intensive agrticulture
production created convenient ambience for development of herbicide resistant weed species. Long lasting
use of herbicides based upon ALS inhibitors and inhibitors of photosinthesis led to occurence of certain
number of weed species resistant to this herbicide groups. In the region of the Province of Vojvodina, we
found resistant weed species Datura stramonium (from localities Bajmok, Kamendin, Baĉki Maglić and
Kikinda), Echinochloa crus-galli (from localities Kamendin, Baĉ and Kozarica), Chenopodium album
(Krivaja, Vrbas, Beĉej) and Amaranthus retroflexus (from localities Krivaja, Beĉej and Kikinda) on ALS
inhibitors, and weed populations of Amaranthus retroflexus and Setaria viridis (from localities Baĉki
Maglić, Baĉka Palanka and Beĉej) on herbicide inhibitors of photosinthesis.

Reference:

1. Meseldţija, M. (2006): Rezistentnost korovskih vrsta na triazinske herbicide. Zaduţbina Andrejević,
   Beograd.
2. Konstantinović, B, Meseldţija, M. (2006): Uzroci i posledice pojave rezistentnih vrsta korova na
   herbicide u Vojvodini. Biljni lekar, broj 2, str.134-140, Poljoprivredni fakultet Novi Sad.
3. Popović, B, Štajner, Dubravka, Ĉanadanović-Brunet, Jasna, Konstantinović, B., Meseldţija, M.
   (2006): Komparativno ispitivanje skevindţer aktivnosti nekih korova i Allium cepa L. IV
   MeĊunarodna Eko-Konferencija zdravstveno bezbedna hrana, Tematski zbornik radova, str. 393-398,
   Novi Sad.
4. Štajner, Dubravka, Popović, B, Konstantinović, B., Meseldţija, Maja (2006): Komparativno
   ispitivanje antioksidantnih osobina nekih korova i Allium cepa L. IV MeĊunarodna Eko-Konferencija
   zdravstveno bezbedna hrana, Tematski zbornik radova, str. 387-392, Novi Sad.
5. Marisavljević, D, Pavlović, D, Poštić, D, Konstantinović, B, Meseldţija, M. (2006): Ispitivanje
   fitotoksiĉnog delovanja folijarnih herbicida u usevu soje. VIII Savetovanje o zaštiti bilja, Zbornik
   rezimea, str. 52-53, Zlatibor.
6. Konstantinović, B, Meseldţija, M, Šunjka, D.(2006): Fitotoksiĉnost herbicida dimetenamid na usevu
   šećerne repe u godinama sa većom koliĉinom padavina. VIII Savetovanje o zaštiti bilja, Zbornik
   rezimea, str. 51-52, Zlatibor.
7. Šunjka, D. (2006): Ispitivanje rezistentnosti korovsko-ruderalne biljke Datura stramonium L. na
   herbicide iz grupe ALS inhibitora. Magistarska teza.




                                                                                                      20
Branko Konstantinović, Slobodanka Stojanović, Maja Meseldţija, Dejana Lazić,
Poljoprivredni fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Proučavanje pojave i širenja rezistentnih vrsta korova na herbicide u cilju pronalaţenja
najefikasnijih mera suzbijanja"

 Tokom treće godine istraţivanja prikupljeni su istorijski podaci o primeni herbicida na ispitivanom
podruĉju i semena vrsta korova za koje se predpostavlja da su razvile rezistentnost na primenjivane
herbicide. U laboratorijskim uslovima je ispitivana klijavost semena, efikasnost primenjenih herbicida iz
grupe inhibitora fotosinteze i ALS inhibitora, ostaci herbicida u usevima. Na teritoriji AP Vojvodine
ispitivana je rezistentnost kod korovskih vrsta Datura stramonium (lokaliteti Bajmok, Kamendin, Baĉki
Maglić i Kikinda), Echinochloa crus-galli (Kamendin, Baĉ i Kozarica), Chenopodium album (Krivaja,
Vrbas, Beĉej), i Amaranthus retroflexus (Krivaja, Baĉ i Kikinda) na ALS inhibitore, i na populacije
Amaranthus retroflexus i Setaria viridis sa lokaliteta Baĉki Maglić, Baĉka Palanka i Beĉej na herbicide
inhibitore fotosinteze.




                                                                                                      21
Ferenc Balaţ, Vera Stojšin, Sanja Lazić, Ferenc Bagi, Vojislava Bursić,
Faculty of Agriculture in Novi Sad
"Development of the integral protection measures of cucumber from causers of cucumber downy
mildew (Pseudoperonospora cubensis) in order to obtain a health-safe product for further
processing and export"

Cucumber downy mildew usually appears by the end of June or by beginning of July and cause heavy
losses in a short period of time. Chemical treatment often does not provide sufficiently effective and
reliable crop protection. Reason for lower treatment efficacy in spite of high fungicide quality is
inadequate technique of fungicide application. The causer of downy mildew penetrates into plant tissue
from the lower side of the leaves and therefore the good application tehnique is very important.
Chemical treatment often does not provide sufficiently effective and reliable crop protection. Problems
connected with chemical protection, fungicide pre harvest interval (PHI) and pesticide residues are still
unsolved, especially in pikling cucumber type, because they are being picked every second or third day.
Recently, in cucumber production and protection technology, these vegetable crops proved to be the
riskiest regarding the pesticide residues and the production of healthy food.
During the year of 2006 the different production technologies were tested using downy mildew
susceptible (Regal) and tolerant (Haros) cucumber cultivars..
Trials were performed in field conditions, in horizontal production system, with distances between plants
1 x 0,25 m. Chemical treatment was performed only after downy mildew appearance (after 15.07.2006.)
with fungicide on the basis of mankozeb, using sprayer type "Solo". The cucumber was harvested every
second or third day. Irrigation and fertilisation were performed using "drop by drop" system. In
investigated technologies the folowing number of harvesting and the yields were recorded:
-extra early production (planting nursery plant, soil covering with foil and plant covering with agrotextil):
Regal (before downy mildew 12 harvesting, I and II class 50 t, after downy mildew 6 harvesting, I and II
class 20 t) –Haros (before 12 harvesting, I and II class 55 t, after 6 harvesting 22 t), sum 70 t/ha for Regal,
77 t/ha for Haros.
 -early production (planting nursery plant, soil covering with foil): Regal (before downy mildew 8
harvesting, I and II class 33 t, after 6 harvesting 18 t), Haros (before 8 harvesting, I and II class 30 t, after
6 harvesting 21 t), sum 51 t/ha Regal, 51 t/ha Haros.
- mid-early production (planting nursery plant): Regal (before downy mildew 7 harvesting, I and II class
25 t, after 6 harvesting 9 t). –Haros (before 7 harvesting, I and II class 26 t, after 6 harvesting 20 t ), sum
44 t/ha Regal, 46 t/ha Haros.
-direct sowing on soil covering foil: Regal (before downy mildew 6 harvesting, I and II class 20 t, after 6
harvesting 22 t) –Haros (before 6 harvesting, I and II class 19 t, after 6 harvesting 21 t ), sum 44 t/ha
Regal, 40 t/ha Haros.
-classic production (direct sowing without soil covering): Regal (before downy mildew 4 harvesting, I
and II class 15 t, after 6 harvesting 24 t )- HAROS (before 4 harvesting I and II class 16 t , after 6
harvesting 25 t ), sum 39 t/ha Regal, 41 t/ha Haros. The main goal in solving the problem of residues in
cucumber is that it is necessery to produce highly tolerant genotypes in extra early or early production
technologies (planting nursery plant, soil covering with foil, agrotextil). These technologies allow at least
12 harvests without the use of fungicide, high, good quality yield and without risk of pesticide residues,
which is prerequisite for export.
Reference:
1. Balaţ, F., Stojšin Vera, Bagi, F. (2001): Efikasnost novijih fungicida u suzbijanju plamenjaĉe
    krastavca – Pseudoperonospora cubensis (Berk. I Curt) Rostov. V. Jugoslovensko savetovanje o zaštiti
    bilja, Zlatibor, 3-8. decembar 2001., str. 77.
2. Balaţ, F., Stojšin, V., Bagi, F., Balaţ, A. (2003): Ispitivanje efikasnosti fungicida u suzbijanju
    plamenjaĉe krastavca (Pseudoperonospora cubensis). VI savetovanje o zaštiti bilja, Zlatibor, 24-28.
    novembar, str. 60.
                                                                                                              22
3. Stojšin, V., Balaţ, F., Lazić, S., Bagi, F., Bursić, V. (2005): Efikasnost fungicida u suzbijanju
   prouzrokovaĉa plamenjaĉe- Pseudoperonospora cubensis (Berkeley et Curtis, Rostowzev) i problem
   njihovih ostataka u plodovima krastavca. VII savetovanje o zaštiti bilja, Soko Banja, 15-18 novembar,
   str. 180-181.
4. Stojšin, V., Lazić, S., Bagi, F., Balaţ, F., Balaţ, A., Bursić, V., Korać, N. (2005): Chemical control of
   cucumber downy mildew-Pseudoperonospora cubensis (Berkeley et Curtis, Rostowzev), and problem
   of residues. Ist Congress of plant protection, "Environmental Concern and Food Safety", Ohrid, 28.XI-
   2.XII 2005., p: 77-80.
5. Stojšin, V., Bagi, F., Bursić, V., Lazić, S. (2006): Razrada mera integralne zaštite krastavca od
   prouzrokovaĉa plamenjaĉe u cilju dobijanja zdravstveno bezbednog proizvoda za preradu i izvoz. Prvi
   nauĉno-struĉni skup "InterRegioSci 2006". Rezultati projekata meĊuregionalne meĊunarodne
   saradnje. Zbornik saţetaka radova, str. 20.
6. Bursić, V., Lazić, S., Stojšin, V., Bagi, F., Balaţ, F. (2006): OdreĊivanje ostataka azoksistrobina u
   plodovima krastavca. IV MeĊunarodna eko-konferencija, zdravstvaneo bezbedna hrana, Novi Sad, 20-
   23.09., 291-296.
7. Balaţ, F., Stojšin, V., Bagi, F., Đukić Đ. (2006): Proizvodnja zdravstveno bezbednog krastavca
   izbegavanjem zaraze od prouzrokovaĉa plamenjaĉe (Pseudoperonospora cubensis) (Berk i Curt)
   Rostov. VII Savetovanje o zaštiti bilja, Zlatibor, 27.11-01.12.2006., Zbornik rezimea, 64-66.

Ferenc Balaţ, Vera Stojšin, Sanja Lazić, Ferenc Bagi, Vojislava Bursić,
Poljoprivredni fakultet u Novom Sadu
“Razrada mera integralne zaštite krastavaca od prouzrokovača plemenjače”

Osnovni cilj projekta, odnosno istraţivanja u okviru ovog projekta je dobijanje zdravstveno bezbednog
krastavca-bez ostataka pesticida za preradu namenjen izvozu. Plamenjaĉa krastavca kod nas se obiĉno
pojavljuje krajem juna ili poĉetkom jula meseca i za kratko vreme prouzrokuje ogromne gubitke. Hemijske
mere ĉesto ne obezbeĊuju dovoljno efikasnu i sigurnu zaštitu useva, a pretstavljaju i veliki problem jer je skoro
nemoguće ispoštovati karencu pojedinih fungicida. Uz trenutnu tehnologiju proizvodnje i zaštite krastavca, ova
povrtarska vrsta spada u najriziĉnije u pogledu ostataka pesticida, a samim tim i zdravstvene bezbednosti u
ishrani.
Tokom 2006. godine ispitane su razliĉite tehnologije proizvodnje na osetljivom (Regal) i tolerantnom (Haros)
genotipu krastavca prema Pseudoperonospora cubensis u mikroogledima i poljskim uslovima.
-ekstra rana proizvodnja (rasad, pokrivanje zemljišta folijom i biljaka agrotekstilom)
-rana proizvodnja (proizvodnja preko rasada i pokrivanje zemljišta folijom)
- srednja rana proizvodnja (proizvodnja preko rasada)
-direktna setva na foliji
-klasiĉna proizvodnja (direktna setva)
UvoĊenje nove tehnologije proizvodnje krastavca u tipu kornišona obezbeĊuje dobijanje proizvoda bez
primene fungicida u vreme pre pojave plamenjaĉe. Pored visokokvalitetne zdravstneno bezbednog krastavca,
nova tehnologija omogućuje i znatno duţi period branja, samim tim i dobijanje većih prinosa i tako u
potpunosti opravdati nešto veće ulaganje kod rane proizvodnje. Izvršena je optimizacija metode odreĊivanja
ostataka fungicida metalaksila u krastavcima. 25 g uzorka krastavca se usitni u blenderu i homogenizuje u
homogenizatoru, uz dodatak 125 ml etilacetata. nakon centrifugiranja, supernatant se upari na 40 °C do 75 ml i
doda se 2 g aktivnog uglja. Ekstrakt se profiltrira preko filter papira i filtrat se upari na vakuum uparivaĉu.
Suvi ostatak se rastvori u 2 ml smeše etil acetat:heksan (15/85). Preĉišćavanje: preko SPE Silika kolone,
metalaksil se iz kolone eluira smešom etil acetat:heksan (15/85). Ostaci metalaksila odreĊeni su gasnom
hromatografijom uz EC detektor, pri sledećim uslovima: Gаsni hromatograf Hewlett Packard 5890 Ser.,
splitless injektovanje, kolona SPB 5 (30 m x 0,32 mm x 0,25 m ), temperatura kolone 215 °C, temperatura
detektora 300 °C, temperatura injektora 250°C. Retenciono vreme metalaksila je 3 minuta. Proseĉna vrednost
prinosa ekstrakcije recovery za koncentracije metalaksila 0,05; 0,1; 0,5 i 1.0 mg/kg iznosila je 85,4 % sa
RSD 10 %.

                                                                                                              23
Gordana Ušćebrka, Niko Milošević, Lidija Perić, Dragan Ţikić, Zdenko Kanaĉki, Vladimir Strugar,
Faculty of Agriculture in Novi Sad
"Influence of probiotics and prebiotics on broiler production and morphofunctional characteristics
of broiler's small intestines"

The experiment was carried out on Experimental farm of Faculty of agriculture in Novi Sad. The trail
about influence of different sources of selenium in the nutrition of broilers was carried out during the year
2006. The selenium was given to the broilers in the form of sodium selenite 0,3 ppm – group A, organic
bound selenium 0,1 ppm and sodium selenite 0,2 ppm – group B, organic bound selenium 0,2 ppm and
sodium selenite 0,1 ppm – group C and organic bound selenium 0,3 ppm – group D. The average body
weight in the age of 3 weeks was in interval from 747g to 762g, and conversion from 1,42 to 1,47. In the
age of 6 weeks from 2173g to 2186g, and conversion from 1,92 to 1,95. The feathering was equal in all
groups but with better index in those broilers which were given organic form of selenium. From
biochemical parameters were monitored: the activity of serum transaminase (ALT i AST), the
concentration of total proteins, glucose and uric acid.
The results indicates that the sodium seleniite, organic bound selenium and their combinations in total
amount of 0,3 ppm in the feed shows equal results from production aspect, but organic bound selenium
have some advantages in keeping optimal health status, on what indicates the significantly higher activity
of ALT in group A in the age of 3 weeks, AST in the age of 3 and 6 weeks in A and B group in compare
with C and D group. These biochemical parameters shows that organic bound selenium might be
important for productive categories with longer period of exploitation.

Reference:

1. Kanaĉki Z, The influence of different sources of selenium on dynamic of some biochemical
   parameters in blood serum of broiler chickens – master thesis. Faculty of agriculturae Novi Sad, 2006.
2. Kanaĉki Z, Krnić J, Perić Lidija, Ušćebrka Gordana: The influence of inorganic and organic bound
   selenium in nutrition of broiler chickens on body weight and some biochemical parameters. VIII
   Symposium in veterinary clinical pathology and therapy with international participation (Clinica
   veterinaria 2006), Neum (BiH), 26-30.06.2006.
3. Perić, L, Milošević, N, Ušćebrka, G, Ţikić, D, Boţić, A. (2006) The influence of light program on the
   ovarium and oviduct weight during sexual maturation. Savremena poljoprivreda, Vol. 55, 1-2, 229-
   233. (Original science paper)
4. Perić L, Ţikić, D, Ušćebrka, G., Milošević, N. (2006) Effect of organic trace mineral sources on skin
   characteristics of broilers, Lucrări ştiinţifice Zootehnie şi Biotehnologii, vol. 39 (1), 325-330.
   (Original science paper)
5. Perić L, Milošević N, Ţikić D, Nollet L. (2006): Effect of SEL-PLEX and BIOPLEX substituting
   inorganic mineral source on technical performanace of broilers, gait, feathering. food pad and hock
   conditions. International Symposium on Trace Elements in the Food chain, Budapest, 61-65. (Original
   science paper)
6. Perić, L. Milošević, N. Ţikić D. (2006) Effect of Sel-Plex and Bioplex substitution of inorganic trace
   mineral sources on performance, feathering, and hock condition of broilers. World`s Poultry Science
   Journal, Supplement, Subbmision ID 10399, Category, 5, CD-Rom, EPC2006, XII European Poultry
   Conference, Verona-Italy 10-14 sept. 2006. (Original science paper)




                                                                                                          24
Gordana Ušćebrka, Niko Milošević, Lidija Perić, Dragan Ţikić, Zdenko Kanaĉki, Vladimir Strugar,
Poljoprivredni fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Uticaj probiotika i prebiotika na proizvodne performanse i morfofunkcionalne karakteristike
tankih creva brojlera"

Ispitivanja su izvršena na Oglednoj farmi Poljoprivrednog fakulteta u Novom Sadu. Ogled o uticaju
razliĉitih izvora selena u ishrani tovnih pilića izveden je u toku 2006. godine.
Pilići su dobijali selen u vidu natrijum selenita 0,3ppm - grupa A, organski vezanog selena 0,1ppm i
natrijum selenita 0,2ppm - grupa B, organski vezanog selena 0,2ppm i natrijum selenita 0,1ppm - grupa C
i organski vezanog selena 0,3ppm - grupa D.
Proseĉna telesna masa je iznosila u 762g (A), 747g (B), 754g (C) i 748g (D) u starosti od 3 nedelje i
2173g (A), 2186g (B), 2162g (C) i 2173g (D) u starosti od 6 nedelja. Konverzija je bila 1,42 (A), 1,45 (B),
1,47 (C) i 1,44(D) u starosti od 3 nedelje i 1,95 (A), 1,90 (B), 1,93 (C) i 1,92 (D) u starosti od 6 nedelja.
Mortalitet je iznosio 4,48% (A), 4,64% (B), 4,80% (C) i 5,77% (D). Operjavanje je ocenjivano kao loše
(1), srednje (2) i dobro (3) a proseĉni ocene su bili sledeće: 1,85 (A), 2,02 (B), 2,10 (C) i 2,02 (D) u
starosti od 3 nedelje i 2,19 (A), 2,20 (B), 2,24 (C) i 2,17 (D) u starosti od 5 nedelja. Od biohemijskih
parametara su praćeni sledeći parametri: aktivnosti serumskih transaminaza (ALT i AST), koncentracija
ukupnih proteina, glukoze i mokraćne kiseline. Proseĉne ktivnosti serumske ALT su iznosile 9,69U/l (A),
7,44U/l (B), 6,94U/l (C) i 7,38U/l (D) u starosti od 3 nedelje i 7,88U/l (A), 8,38U/l (B), 8,56U/l (C) i
7,31U/l (D) u starosti od 6 nedelja. Proseĉne aktivnosti serumske AST su iznosile 292,00U/l (A),
249,44U/l (B), 235,12U/l (C) i 238,62U/l (D) u starosti od 3 nedelje i 398,25U/l (A), 383,94U/l (B),
319,94U/l (C) i 351,12U/l (D) u starosti od 6 nedelja. Proseĉne vrednosti koncentracije ukupnih
serumskih proteina su iznosile 31,21g/l (A), 31,38g/l (B), 31,75g/l (C) i 31,44g/l (D) u starosti od 3 nedelji
i 33,06g/l (A), 33,19g/l (B), 33,62g/l (C) i 33,94g/l (D) u starosti od 6 nedelja. Proseĉne vrednosti
koncentracije glukoze u serumu su iznosile 8,59mmol/l (A), 8,85mmol/l (B), 9,69mmol/l (C) i
10,65mmol/l (D) u starosti od 3 nedelje i 10,49mmol/l (A), 10,59mmol/l (B), 10,85mmol/l (C) i
10,38mmol/l (D) u starosti od 6 nedelja. Proseĉne vrednosti koncentracije mokraćne kiseline u krvnom
serumu su iznosile 0,474mmol/l (A), 0,564mmol/l (B), 0,604mmol/l i 0,669mmol/l u starosti od 3 nedelje
i 0,324mmol/l (A), 0,389mmol/l (B), 0,449mmol/l i 0,466mmol/l u starosti od 6 nedelja.
Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju da natrijum selenit, organski vezan selen i njihove kombinacije u ukupnoj
koliĉini od 0,3ppm u obroku pokazuju podjednako dobre rezultate sa proizvodnog aspekta, dok organski
vezan selen ima odreĊene prednosti u oĉuvanju zdravstvenog stanja, na šta ukazuju znaĉajno povećana
aktivnost ALT kod A grupe u starosti od tri nedelje, AST sa tri i šest nedlja u A i B grupi u odnosu na C i
D grupa. Ispitivani biohemijski parametri ukazuju da organski vezani selen od znaĉaja za proizvodne
kategorije koje se vremenski duţe iskorištavaju.




                                                                                                           25
Jovan Crnobarac, Branko Marinković, Goran Aćimović, Jelena MrĊa, Milica Babić, Dušan Adamović,
Faculty of Agriculture in Novi Sad
"Contemporary approach in production practices of some medical plants, with respect to the most
important pest in Vojvodina province and Romanian part of Banat"

Potmarigold, marshmallow and mountain savory are the very perspectively medicinal plants.
Unfortunatelly, because of smal growing area, investigation of growing tehnology and patogen prevention
in our country for this three plants are very deficiently. Because of that reasons, and also acording to
ascending importance and using of medicinal plants, and agroecological privilege in our area, we set a
goal: elevate growing tehnology, with relation to applying apropriate agrotecnical measures for yield
increasing, quality stabilize and reduce production costs. That will be very important for increasing
production profitability and concurrency of medicinal plants from our area at foreign market.
The trial with potmarigold was established on experimental field at Rimski šanĉevi. We are researched
four varietys on whose we are investigated dynamics of flowers formatin in period from 26. VI to 10.
VIII 2006. It was researched effect of variety and row spacings (40, 50, 60 i 70 cm). The highest flowers
yield was accomplished with variety Orange King. The yield of these variety was growed to 7 date, when
it achieved maximal value (672,06 kg/ha). The highest flowers mass was derived on 40 cm row spacing.
Mass of petals at tested varietys in average for all four row spacings was not significantly different.
The trial with selected line of mountain savory ("Rtanj tea") was established on experimental field at
Baĉki Petrovac. In this trial was analised 6 fertilizing variants with KAN (27 % of nitrogen), with next N
doses: 0, 40, 80, 120, 160 i 200 kg/ha. The harvest of fresh herb was carried out mannualy in flowering
stage. The lowest herb yield was annotated at control variant (without nitrogen). Almost measured
tendency of yield increasing was observed with increasing N-doses from 40 kg to 200 kg N/ha, were the
yield of herb was the highest.
Marshmallow is a plant whose uncontrolable exploitation can cause eradication in nature habitat. In regard
to very big demand for this plant, there is exigence for grass roots growing. Agreeable with hereat, on
experiment carried out in vilage Mošorin, we explore the effects of different doses of N-nutritient, 4 row
spacings and 2 aspects of reproduction on two domestic cultivars.
Increasing yield of this medicinal plants with similar or better quality and rationalisation of production
costs will respond on interesting farmers for medicinal plants growing, and also it will be importance for
concurrency on European market. By favour of investigation on great number variety, at the same time
with different doses of mineral nutritients and row spacings, we will be able to give recommendations for
the best variety choosing.

Reference:

1. Adamović, S.D., Danojević, D.: Effect of year and harvest time upon yield and essential oil content of
   mountain savory (Satureja montana L.) cultivated in Serbia. Third Conference on Medicinal and
   Aromatic Plants of Southeast European Countries, Nitra, Slovak Republic, September 5–8, 2006,
   Proceedings, 155–157.
2. Crnobarac J., Marinković B., Dušanić N: i Balalić I. (2006): Optimal stand density for sunflower.
   Biblioteca fragmenta agronoomiva V 11, (IX ESA Congress, Warszawa, Poland 4-7.06.2006.) p. 75-
   76.
3. Marinković B., Crnobarac J. (2006): Correction of Fertilization and Stand Density in Dependance
   From Winter Precipitation and Mineral Nitrogen Soil Content. Scientifical Papers Faculty of
   Agriculture XXXVIII, Edition Agroprint, Timisoara, 3-12.
4. Marinković, B., Crnobarac, J., Jaćimović, G., Polaĉek, M., Mircov, D. V. Florin, I. (2006): Sugar beet
   yield and quality in dependency of nutrition element source. Anales of the university of Craiova, Vol.
   XXXVI/A, 344-347.


                                                                                                       26
5. Marinković, B., Crnobarac, J., Jaćimović, G., Imbrea Ilinka, Grujić, M., Haban, M. (2006):
   Electromagnetic Processing of Basil and Caraway Seeds to Improve Initial Growth.
6. Symposium: Durable Agriculture – Agriculture of the Future. Faculty of Agriculture – Craiova, 9-
   10th December, 2005.

Jovan Crnobarac, Branko Marinković, Goran Aćimović, Jelena MrĊa, Milica Babić, Dušan Adamović,
Poljoprivredni fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Savremeni pristup tehnologiji gajenja nekih lekovitih biljaka sa osvrtom na najznačajnije
patogene u Vojvodini i rumunskom delu Banata"

Neven, beli slez i ĉubar su vrlo perspektivne lekovite biljke. Naţalost, zbog malih površina gajenja,
istraţivanja u našoj zemlji vezana za tehnologiju proizvodnje i prevenciju od patogena kod ove tri biljne
vrste su vrlo skormna. Iz tih razloga, kao i obzirom na sve veći znaĉaj i upotrebu lekovitog bilja, te na
agroekološke prednosti kojima raspolaţemo, postavljen je i cilj istraţivanja: da se kod ovih biljnih vrsta
unapredi tehnologija gajenja, odnosno da se primenom odgovarajućih agrotehniĉkih mera poveća prinos,
stabilizuje kvalitet i smanje troškovi proizvodnje. Ovo će dovesti do njene povećane rentabilnosti i
konkurentnosti našeg lekovitog bilja na stranom trţištu.
Ogled sa nevenom postavljen je na oglednom polju na Rimskim Šanĉevima. Ispitivane su 4 sorte kod
kojih je praćena dinamika formiranja cvetova u periodu od 26.VI - 10.VIII 2006. godine. Ispitivan je
uticaj sorte i meĊurednih razmaka (40, 50, 60 i 70 cm). Najveći prinos cvetova ostvarila je sorta Orange
King. Prinos kod ove sorte je rastao do 7 berbe kada je dostigao maksimalnu vrednost od 672,06 kg/ha.
Najveća masa cvasti ostvarena je pri meĊurednom razmaku od 40 cm. Masa latica kod ispitivanih sorti, u
proseku za sva ĉetiri meĊuredna razmaka, nije se statistiĉki znaĉajno razlikovala.
Ogled sa selekcionisanom linijom planinskog ĉubra ("Rtanjski Ĉaj") izveden je na oglednom polju u
Baĉkom Petrovcu. U ogledu je bilo zastupljeno 6 varijanti Ċubrenja KAN-om (27 % N), sa dozama ĉistog
azota: 0, 40, 80, 120, 160 i 200 kg/ha. Kosidba sirove herbe obavljena je ruĉno u fazi cvetanja. Najniţi
prinos herbe zabeleţen kod kontrolne varijante (bez primene azota). Uoĉena je skoro pravilna tendencija
povećanja prinosa poĉev od varijante sa 40 kg azota do varijante sa 200 kg, gde je izmeren najveći prinos
herbe. U sledećoj fazi rada biće odreĊen sadrţaj etarskog ulja i sadrţaj nitrata u proizvedenoj biljnoj
sirovini.
Beli slez je vrsta ĉija nekontrolisana eksploatacija moţe dovesti do istrebljenja u slobodnoj prirodi. S
obzirom na veliku potraţnju za ovom biljkom, postoji potreba za njenim masovnijim gajenjem. Shodno
tome, na ogledu izvedenom u Mošorinu ispitivan je efekat razliĉitih doza N-Ċubriva, 4 veliĉine
vegetacionog prostora i 2 naĉina razmnoţavanja dveju domaćih sorti belog sleza. U toku je sreĊivanje
rezultata ogleda nakon prve godine istraţivanja.
Povećanje prinosa ovih lekovitih biljaka uz isti ili bolji kvalitet i racionalizacija troškova proizvodnje
uticaće na zainteresovanost prozvoĊaĉa za gajenje lekovitog bilja, a takoĊe će se poboljšati njihova
konkurentnost na svetskom trţištu. Zahvaljujući ispitivanju na više sorata, istovremeno sa istraţivanjem
uticaja Ċubrenja i oblika vegetacionog prostora moći će se dati i preporuke za izbor najboljeg sortimenta.




                                                                                                       27
Mirjana Milošević, Ksenija Taški-Ajduković, Zorica Nikolić, Milka Vujaković, Jegor Miladinović,
Nacional laboratory for seed testing in Novi Sad
"Possibiliti of improvment of agronomic characteristics of soybean by gamma irradiation"

M1, M2 and M3 the descendants of plant generations treated with low dosesg of gama rays (100, 120, 140
and 200 respectivelly) were udes in this survey. Varieties treated with radiation were Venera, Ana, Meli,
NovosaĊanka and Proteinka were used as control plants in this survey. Total of 169 lots was sown with
different plants, depending on how many seeds the chosen plant contained, because each lot containd
progeny of only one plant. The least number od replication was 4.

The following parameteres were observed during vegetation: emerging date, initiation of flowering, full
flowering, initation of pod formation, initiation of grain formation, full development of grain, initation of
maturation, and full maturation.

By observing plants in the field it could be noticed that some changes occurred in A3 120/4, its hair turned
from gray to brown confirming that mutation had occurred. In A1 120-1 early maturation (early in relation
to control) and uniform pod formation, from the basis of the plant to its top, was achieved, which was not
characteristic for soybean plant.

Up to now no significant changes have been found in radiated plants Proteinka and Venera.

Plants originating from NovosaĊanka variety showed significant decrease in height when dose 200 was
applied. Plants of Meli variety in M3 120/1RP became straighten up and more compact. Variety Meli is
loose in appearance and has characteristic lodging of lower branches. Yield parameters are now being
tested under laboratory conditions: plant height, number of branches per plant, number of internodes,
number of pod per plant, number of seeds per pod, mass of seeds per plant.

It can be concluded that in tested combination of radiation the following mutations were found:

1. number of flowers: purple into white (gene W1 was transformed into w1)
2. number of haris: gray to dark brown (gene t was transformed into T)
3. presence of sterilty controlled by ms1 gene
4. all combinations formed nodes controlled by Rj1 gene
5. appearance of Downy mildew in some genotypes controlled by rps1 gene
6. plant height (Meli) controlled by Df6 gene
7. low branching controlled by blr gene (high Brl)
8. leaf width was changed in some genotypes (mutation from ln gene to Ln gene)
9. late maturing was pronounced and E5 gene mutated from e5 gene was responsible
10. low branching was controlled by blr, and high branching by 3lr genes

Genotypes for ideal plant, we have programmed, can be chosen from the results obtained in 2006: short
growth, branching along the whole plant, high pod formation, high yield.

Reference:

1. Uticaj gama zraĉenja na antioksidantni sistem odabranih genotipova soje i pojava oksidativnog stresa.
   Doktorska disertacija mr Borisa Popovića (odbranjena 15.12.2006.)
2. Štajner, D., Popović, B., Milošević, M., Taški, K. (2007): The influence of gamma radiation on some
   antioxidant porperties of soybean, 5th International Congress on Food Technology Proceedings vol.
   157 – 162, Tessaloniki, Greece.
                                                                                                          28
Mirjana Milošević, Ksenija Taški-Ajduković, Zorica Nikolić, Milka Vujaković, Jegor Miladinović,
Nacionalna laboratorija za ispitivanje semena u Novom Sadu
"Mogućnost poboljšanja agronomskih karakteristika genotipova soje gama-zračenjem"

U ogledima je bilo potomstvo M1, M2 i M3 generacije biljaka zraĉenih niskim dozama gama zraĉenja
(100, 120, 140 i 200). Sorte kod kojih je izvršeno zraĉenje su bile Venera, Ana, Meli, NovosaĊanka i
Proteinka, koje su u ogledu sada bile kontrolne biljke. Ukupno je zasejano 169 parcelica sa razliĉitim
brojem biljaka, u zavisnosti od toga koliko je izabrana biljka imala semena, jer je svaka parcelica
potomstvo jedne biljke. Najmanji broj ponavlĉjanja je bio 4.
U toku vegetacije praćeni su sledeći pokazatelji: datum nicanja, poĉetak cvetanja, puno cvetanje, poĉetak
formiranja mahuna, poĉetak formiranja zrna, pun razvoj zrna, poĉetak zrenja i puno zrenje.
Posmatranjem biljaka u polju mogli smo da primetimo da je kod biljke A3 120/4 došlo do promena boja
dlaĉica od sivih na braon, što potvrĊuje da je došlo do mutacije. Kod biljaka A1 120/1 dobijena je
ranostasnost (ranija u odnosu na konrtolu) i ujednaĉeno formiranje mahuna od osnovebiljke do vrha, što
nije karakteristiĉno za biljku soje.
Kod zraĉenih biljaka Proteinke i Venere nisu konstatovane znaĉajnije promene, do sada.
Biljke poreklom od sorte NovosaĊanka kod doze zraĉenja 200 su ispoljile znaĉajno smanjenje visine. Kod
sorte Meli u M3 120/1RP došlo je do ispravljanja i pojave kompaktnosti biljaka. Meli kao sorta ima
ratresit izgled i karakteristiĉno poleganja donjiih grana. U toku je odreĊivanje parametara prinosa: visina
biljke, broj grana po biljci, broj internodija, broj mahuna po biljci, broj zrna u mahuni, masa zrna po
biljci, u laboratorijskim uslovima.
 Moţe se zakljuĉiti daje kod ispitivanih kombinacija zraĉenja došlo do sledećih mutacija:
1. boja cveta: ljubiĉasta u belu (gen W1 transformisan u w1)
2. boja dlaĉica: sive u mrke (gen t transformisan u T)
3. prisustvo sterilnosti konrotlisano genom ms1
4. sve kombinacije formiraju kvrţice kontorlisano genom Rj1
5. pojava plamenjaĉe kod pojedinih genotipova kontorlisana genom rps1
6. visina biljaka (Meli) kontorlisana geom Df6
7. nisko grananje kontorlisano genom blr (visoko Brl)
8. širina liske je bila izmenjena kod pojedinih genotipova (mutacija iz ln gena u Ln gen)
9. kasnostasnost je bila izraţena a za nju je odgovoran gen E5 koji je mutirao iz gena e5
10. nisko grananje je kontrolisano genom blr, a visoko 3lr
Iz rezultata dobijenih u 2006. godini mogu se odabrati gentipovi za idealnu biljku koju smo programirali a
to je: nizak rast, grananje duţ cele biljke, visoko formiranje mahuna, visok prinos.




                                                                                                        29
Mirko Babić, Ljiljana Babić, Sneţana Matić-Kekić, Ivan Pavkov, Branislav Karadţić,
Faculty of Agriculture in Novi Sad
"Osmotic dryer developments for fruit and vegetables"

During second year of study, all activities which were planed by the programme were done. Large number
of experimentally tests of osmotic drying were carried out with different sort of fruits like: apricot,
nectarine, pear, peach, plum, apple, raisine, quince and carrot as vegetables. The main target of such
research was to establish technological parameters for osmotic fruits and carrot drying. The hydraulic
behavior of osmotic solution flow was ananlyzing too. It is obvious that the change in solutioin viscosity
has an affect on process which become non linear, therefore that conclusion have to be respect during
osmotic dehydration and evaporation of the solution. The viscosity of solution decrease during drying, and
increase during evaporation. The second task of the programme was to find out en energy source for
convective drying as cheap as possible. Convective drying follows osmotic dehydration, because the final
moisture content of fruits in osmotic drying is to high for safety storage. In order to solve that situation,
the prototype of air solar collector was built. The collector for drying air heating is semi-concentric make
of ribbed plastic tubes accomplished with flat roof type. The whole system was done with minimum
investments and eficiency coefficient of heat energy apsorption is higher than 50%. During whole summer
the set of tests were done in order to improve collector eficiency, which give energetic sustainability to
technology. In order to recover the solution, so that it can be reused, the evaporators for osmotic solution
evaporation are designed as scrubber fulled with stainless steel wools – type I and with plates – type II.
Within the project programme for the second year, one more task was successfully done. The laboratory
taster for physical bio materials properties was evaluated. The main unit is design for measure force-
deformation dependance of bio materials. The taster is combined with PC, therefore all mesured values
are recorded and stored. Applied mathematics is used for fruits surface and volume describe. Three
dimensions of apricot halves and quarter of pear were analysed, so final mathematical models were
established. By the help of such equations the calculation of heat and mass transport is possible. The
foreigner participants were also study the physical and electrical properties of dried apricots, and they
done all tests. The results will be published in the first part of this year.

Reference:

1. Babić, M, Babić Ljiljana, Hlaváĉová Zuzana, Pavkov I: Hidrauliĉki aspekti osmotske sušare, PTEP -
   Ĉasopis za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad, (2006)10:3-4, str. 59-62.
2. Karadţić B, Babić M, Radišić S: Merni sistem za odreĊivanje ĉvrstoće poljoprivrednih materijala,
   PTEP - Ĉasopis za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad, (2006)10:5, str. 162-165.
3. Babić Ljiljana, Babić M, Pavkov I: Novi koncepti za sušenje voća, PTEP – Ĉasopis za procesnu
   tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad, (2006)10:1-2, str. 9-15.
4. Babić M, Babić Ljiljana: Bilans mase zrna na centru za sušenje i skladištenje, PTEP – Ĉasopis za
   procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad, (2006)10:5, str. 147-150.
5. Pavkov I, Babić Ljiljana, Babić M: Matematiĉko modeliranje kinetike osmotskog sušenja voćnog
   tkiva, PTEP - Ĉasopis za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad, (2006)10:3-4, str.
   67-70.
6. Babić Ljiljana: Program razmene univerzitetskih profesora u SAD, PTEP - Ĉasopis za procesnu
   tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad, (2006)10:3-4, str. 106-109.
7. Karadţić, B, Babić, M, Radišić, S: Automatsko upravljanje procesom sušenja poljoprivrednih
   proizvoda, PTEP - Ĉasopis za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi, Novi Sad, (2006)10:3-4,
   str. 110-114.
8. Matić – Kekić, Sneţana: Optimalan ugao solarnog kolektora u odnosu na vertikalu, Letopis nauĉnih
   radova Poljoprivrednog fakulteta u Novom Sadu, (2006)30:1, str.161-167.


                                                                                                          30
9. Matić – Kekić, Sneţana: Proseĉna ukupna površina kruške bez semene loţe, Letopis nauĉnih radova
    Poljoprivrednog fakulteta u Novom Sadu, (2006)30:1, str.168-174.
10. Babić, M, Babić, Ljiljana, Karadţić, B, Pavkov, I: Energetically sustenable model of combine fruit
    drying, 2nd International congress of technologist for postahrvest technologies “Zrnko 2006”,
    Tuheljske Toplice, book of abstracts, 2006. p.126
11. Pavkov, I: Kinetika osmotskog sušenja kajsije, magistarska teza, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Novi Sad,
    2006, s.103.
12. Babić, M, Babić, Ljiljana, Radojĉin, M, Pavkov, I, Karadţić, B: Polukoncentrisani solarni zagrejaĉ
    vazduha, tehniĉko rešenje – industrijski prototip, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Departman za poljoprivrednu
    tehniku, Laboratorija za biosistemsko inţenjerstvo, Novi Sad, 2006.


Mirko Babić, Ljiljana Babić, Sneţana Matić-Kekić, Ivan Pavkov, Branislav Karadţić,
Poljoprivredni fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Razvoj osmotske sušare za voće i povrće"

Nakon uspešno završene prve godine istraţivanja obezbeĊeni su uslovi da se u drugoj godini obave
predviĊene aktivnosti. Glavni cilj je razvoj osmotske sušare koja je sastavni deo energetski odrţivog
modela kombinovane tehnologije sušenja voća i povrća. Aktivnosti, koje su obavljene tokom druge
godine istraţivanja, bile su raznovrsne. One su imale za cilj da obezbede funkcionalnost i racionalnost
celine postrojenja. U narednom tekstu daju se osnovne informacije o tim aktivnostima.
1. Istraţivanje tehnoloških parametara – Kombinovano sušenje, sastavljeno od osmotskog i konvektivnog
sušenja, zahteva propisivanje tehnoloških paramtara za razliĉite vrste voća i povrća, kao i za razliĉite
oblike pripreme. Najviše paţnje posvećeno je kinetici i hidraulici osmotskog sušenja sa ciljem da se
utvrde povoljne vrednosti temperature i koncentracije osmotskog rastvora i potrebna duţina trajanja
procesa za razliĉite pripreme (ceo plod, polutka, ĉetvrtina ploda i dr). Obavljeni su eksperimenti sa
kajsijom, nektarinom, kruškom, vinogradarskom breskvom, groţĊem, šljivom, jabukom, dunjom i
mrkvom.
2. Razvoj i ispitivanje solarnog zagrejaĉa vazduha – Osnovne toplotne potrebe kombinovane tehnologije
bazirane su na korišćenju solarne energije. U tu svrhu izgraĊen je prototip solarnog zagrejaĉa vazduha
(Sunĉani kolektor za vazduh). Korišćen je talasasti krovni pokrivaĉ tipa „Eval” kao osnova kolektora. Sa
gornje strane on je premazan sjajnom metalnom bojom. Orebrene crne plastiĉne cevi, kroz koje struji
vazduh, nalaze u optiĉkoj ţiţi krivih površina tako da je apsorpcija toplote je intenzivirana. Detaljna
ispitivanja tokom leta potvrdila su osnovne konstrukcione postavke.
3. Razvoj evaporatora sirupa – Konstruisani su modeli ishlapljivaĉa sirupa. Model I je koncipran kao
skruber sa ispunom od vune od nerĊajućeg ĉelika, model dva je sa tanjirima. Protivsmerni tok vazduha i
sirupa kroz ovu ispunu obezbeĊuju intenzivnu razmenu toplote i mase.
4. Razvoj originalnog ureĊaja za odreĊivanje mehaniĉkih osobina voća i povrća – Projektovan je i
napravljen originalni ureĊaj za ispitivanje mehaniĉkih osobina biomaterijala. Ovaj ureĊaj je povezan sa
raĉunarom i obezbeĊeno je automatsko uĉitavanje podataka.
5. Matematiĉko fiziĉka analiza površina razmene toplote i mase – Analiza geometrije obavljena je kod dve
tipiĉne voćne vrste kajsije i kruške. Kod kajsije je analizirana polutka, kao napogodniji oblik za sušenje
domaćih sorti. Kod kruške je analizirana ĉetvrtina.
6. Ispitivanje osnovnih termofiziĉkih i elektriĉnih osobina sušenog voća – Ove godine obavljena su
detaljna ispitivanja termofiziĉkih i elektriĉnih osobina kajsije. Ova ispitivanja obavio je inostrani partner
na materijalu koga smo mu poslali.
Sve planirane, ali i neke dodatne aktivnosti, realizovane su.




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Miroslav Malešević, Lazar Kovaĉev, ĐorĊe Jocković, Miroslav Stojaković, Vladimir Mikliĉ, Radivoje
Jevtić, Janoš Berenji,Dragana Latković, Stevan Radivojević, Irena Došenović, Jasna Grbić, Olgica Grujić,
Jelena Pejin, Etelka Dimić, Ranko Romanić, Zoran Vuković,
Institute of field and vegetable crops in Novi Sad
"Classification and Regionalisation of Strategic Crops of Vojvodina"

In 2006, eight maize trials were carried out in Vojvodina, involving hybrids from FAO Maturity Groups
300 through 700. Among medium-early hybrids, NS 300 was dominant and produced an average yield of
9.78 tha-1, ranging from 7.61 tha-1 at the town of Vršac to 11.30 tha-1 at Kikinda. Among hybrids from
FAO MG 400, NS 4010 was dominant, having produced the highest yield in Srem (13.31 tha-1). In the
FAO MG 500 group, there were two hybrids that stood out - NS 5010 and NS 5033, which produced
maximum yields of 13.88 and 14.55 tha-1 in Baĉka, respectively. Full-season maize hybrids yielded over
11.5 tha-1, with the lowest yields being recorded in Banat (around 6.88 tha-1) and the highest in Baĉka
(12.0-13.99 tha-1). Of the hybrids in this maturity group, NS 6010, Zenit and Tisa stood out.
The 2006 sugar beet trials were conducted in nine locations (Novi Sad, Sombor, Vrbas, Baĉka Topola,
Kikinda, Zrenjanin, Panĉevo, Ruma and Sremska Mitrovica). The trials included five registered varieties,
nine experimental hybrids, and one standard. The highest root yield was obtained at the Zrenjanin site,
while the highest sugar content was recorded at Vrbas. The highest root yield overall was produced by the
variety Irina (123 tha-1), while the variety Lara had the highest sugar content (17.02%).
During 2006, there were 18 wheat trials with 16 cultivars conducted. The latest varieties were tested and
compared to the standard cultivar Pobeda. The yields were somewhat lower than in 2005, thanks to
environmental conditions prevailing in 2006. The five highest-yielding cultivars were Simonida (6.60 tha-
1), Arija (6.51 tha-1), NS-100/01 (6.50 tha-1), Rapsodija (6.42 tha-1), and Astra (6.31 tha-1). The
technological quality of the grain was better than in 2005.
Eighteen barley trials were carried out in 2006. The best results were produced by the cultivar Novosadski
565 (5.79 tha-1). The five malting barley cultivars studied produced very good malts with excellent
cytolytic, proteolytic and amylolytic degradedness. All the five spring varieties of malting barley can be
recommended for commercial exploitation.
Sunflower was studied in 19 locations. The trials included 20 newer generation hybrids. The highest
yields were obtained in southern and central Baĉka (3.30 tha-1) and the lowest in central Banat. The
highest yield in absolute terms was produced at the Novi Sad site by the hybrid Baća (4.25 tha-1), which
had a high oil content (51.0%) in said location as well. High yields were also produced by Sremac (4.03
tha-1) and Kazanova (4.03 tha-1). The oil yield ranged between 0.86 and 1.96 tha-1.
Reference:
1. Ivanović, M, Vasić, N, Jocković, Đ, Stojaković, M, Nastasić Aleksandra (2006): Prinos zrna NS
    hibrida kukuruza razliĉitih perioda selekcije. Nauĉni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo Novi Sad,
    “Zbornik radova”, Sveska 42, 15-20.
2. Stojaković, M., Jocković, Đ, Ivanović, M, Bekavac, G, Vasić, N, Boţana Purar, Nastasić Aleksandra,
    Starĉević, Lj, Boćanski, J, Latković Dragana (2006): Oplemenjivanje kukuruza na prinos i kvalitet.
    Nauĉni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo Novi Sad, “Zbornik radova”, Sveska 42, 41-54.
3. Jevtić, R, Panković, L, Jerković, Z. (2006): Prouzrokovaĉi truleţi korena i prizemnog dela stabla
    pšenice. Causal agents of root and stem base rot of wheat. Nauĉni institut za ratrastvo i povrtarstvo,
    Novi Sad, Zbornik radova, Sveska 42, 415-419.
4. Ĉaĉić N, Kovaĉev L, Rajić M, (2006): Rezultati ispitivanja NS sorti šećerne repe. "Zbornik radova",
    42, 345-352.
5. Jaćimović, G, Marinković, B, Kovaĉev, L. (2006): Tehnološki kvalitet šećerne repe pri razliĉitim
    nivoima Ċubrenja. Arhiv za poljoprivredne nauke 67, 237, 91-99.
6. Panković, L, Malešević, M, Stamenković, S, Jevtić, R. (2006): Proizvodnja i stanje useva strnih ţita u
    2005/06. godini. Dan polja strnih ţita 2006, 7. i 9. jun 2006. Specijalno izdanje, Nauĉni institut za
    ratarstvo i povrtarstvo Novi Sad i Semenarstvo, str. 4-11.
                                                                                                       32
7. Radivojević, S., Došenović, I, Kabić, D, Gyura, J, Roţić, R, Sabadoš, V. (2006): Variation in the
    Yield of Root, Sugar and the Quality of Sugar Beet Depending on Variety and Soil Infestation with
    Rhizomania, Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke, Novi Sad, 110, 91-103.
8. Radivojević, S, Došenović, I. (2006): Varietal and Environmental Influence on the Yield and the End-
    use Quality of Sugar Beet, Acta Periodica Technologica, Novi Sad, 37, 27-37.
9. Grujić, O., Jurić, V, Jurić, J, Pejin, J. (2006): Tehnološka ocena pivskog jeĉma i prisustvo mikotoksina
    u jeĉmu i sladovanom jeĉmu. IV MeĊunarodna EKO-Konferencija Zdravstveno bezbedna hrana - Safe
    food. Tematski zbornik – Proceedings II. 20-23. Septembar 2006. Novi Sad. 211-216.
10. Grujić, O, Pejin, J, Prţulj, N. (2006): Ispitivanje jarih i ozimih sorti pivskog jeĉma iz selekcionih
    ogleda ţetve 2005. godine kao sirovine za proizvodnju slada. Zbornik abstrakata Trećeg simpozijuma
    sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama društva genetiĉara Srbije i Ĉetvrtog nauĉno-struĉnog
    simpozijuma iz selekcije i semenarstva društva selekcionara i semenara Srbije. Zlatibor. 16-20. maja
    2006. IV-Pos-07. 142.
11. Aţdajić, V, Marušić, V, Etelka Dimić, Romanić, R. (2006): Tehniĉko-tehnološke i mehaniĉke
    karakteristike hibrida suncokreta sa oglednog polja. 47 savetovanje „Proizvodnja i prerada uljarica“,
    Herceg Novi, 11-16.06.2006, Zbornik radova, 105-110.

Miroslav Malešević, Lazar Kovaĉev, ĐorĊe Jocković, Miroslav Stojaković, Vladimir Mikliĉ, Radivoje
Jevtić, Janoš Berenji,Dragana Latković, Stevan Radivojević, Irena Došenović, Jasna Grbić, Olgica Grujić,
Jelena Pejin, Etelka Dimić, Ranko Romanić, Zoran Vuković,
Institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo u Novom Sadu
"Klasifikacija i regionalizacija strateških kultura Vojvodine"

U 2006. godini na teritoriji Vojvodine bilo je postvljeno osam ogleda sa hibridima kukuruza FAO grupe
zrenja 300 do 700. MeĊu srednje ranim hibridima dominirao je NS 300, kod koga je u proseku ostvaren
prinos od 9.78 tha-1 (od 7.61 tha-1 - Vršac do 11.30 tha-1 koliko je ostvario u Kikindi). Kod hibrida FAO
grupe zrenja 400 dominirao je NS 4010, koji je najviši prinos ostvario u Sremu, 13.31 tha-1. U FAO grupi
zrenja 500 po prinosima su se izdvojila dva hibrida - NS 5010 i NS 5033, koji su na podruĉju Baĉke
ostvarili maksimalni prinos od 13.88 odnosno 14.55 tha-1. Hibridi pune vegetacije ostvarili su prinose
iznad 11.5 tha-1, s tim što su najmanji prinosi ostvareni u Banatu (oko 6.88 tha-1), a najviši u Baĉkoj
(izmeĊu 12.0 i 13.99 tha-1). U ovoj grupi zrenja po visini prinosa su se izdvojili NS 6010, Zenit i Tisa.
Ogledi sa šećernom repom tokom 2006. godine postavljeni su na 9 lokaliteta: Novi Sad, Sombor, Vrbas,
Baĉka Topola, Kikinda, Zrenjanin, Panĉevo, Ruma i Sremska Mitrovica. U ogledu je bilo zastupljeno 5
priznatih sorti, 9 eksperimentalnih hibrida i jedan standard. Najviši prinos korena ostvaren je na lokalitetu
Zrenjanin, a sadrţaj šećera na lokalietu Vrbas. Najviši prinos korena na svim lokalitetima ostvarila je sorta
Irina (123 tha-1) a sadrţaj šećera sorta Lara (17.02%).
Tokom 2006. godine izvedeno je 18 ogleda sa 16 sorti pšenice. Testirane su novije sorte u odnosu na
standard - sortu Pobeda. Ostvareni su nešto niţi prinosi u odnosu na 2005. godinu zbog specifiĉnosti
godine. Prvih pet mesta zauzimaju sorte Simonida (6.60 tha-1), Arija (6.51 tha-1), NS-100/01 (6.50 tha-
1), Rapsodija (6.42 tha-1), i Astra (6.31 tha-1). Tehnološki kvalitet zrna je bio bolji u odnosu na 2005.
godinu.
Izvedeno je 18 ogleda sa jeĉmom. Sorta Novosadski 565 je ostvarila najbolje rezultate (5.79 tha-1). Od pet
ispitivanih sorti pivskog jeĉma proizvedeni su veoma dobri sladovi sa visokim sadrţajem ekstrakta, te sa
odliĉnom citolitiĉkom, proteolitiĉkom i amilolitiĉkom razgraĊenošću. Svih pet ispitivanih jarih genotipova
- sorti jarog pivskog jeĉma mogu se preporuĉiti za eksploataciju.
Suncokret je ispitivan na 19 lokaliteta. U ispitivanjima je ukljuĉeno 20 hibrida novije generacije. Najviši
prinosi su ostvareni u juţnoj i srednjoj Baĉkoj (3.30 tha-1) dok je srednji Banat bio najslabiji. Apsolutno
najviši prinos je dao hibrid Baća (4.25 tha-1) u lokalitetu Novi Sad, uz istovremeno visok sadrţaj ulja
(51.0%). Visok prinos dao je i Sremac (4.03 tha-1), kao i hibrid Kazanova (4.03 tha-1). Prinos ulja je
varirao od 0.86 do 1.96 tha-1.
                                                                                                          33
Nedeljko Malinović, Radojica Mehandţić, Mihal Meši,
Faculty of Agriculture in Novi Sad
"Ecological and energetic aspects of various land cultivation technologies"

The experiment was continued in 2006 by crop harvest, followed by: analysis of soil, harvest residues and
weeds from the previous experiment. During Fall 2006, a wheat sowing macro experiment was set-up at 3
locations in Voivodina, while in Spring 2007, an experiment was set-up for corn sowing. In the
experiment, machines for conventional tillage were used, exactly as during previous experiment set up in
2005.
The conservation system was done using combined soil-breaking device and a heavy disc harrow (in two
passes). The experiment was set up in Martinci (repeated last year‟s experiment); Maglić (repeated last
year‟s experiment) and Irig (new experiment). Wheat was the forecrop in Martinci and Maglić, while
soybean was used in Irig. At these locations, wheat sowing experiment was set up, and soil was tillaged to
prepare corn sowing in Spring 2007.
Conservation tillage in wheat production reduced machine operation (kWh/ha) from 30 to 50 % as
compared to conventional tillage. Furthermore, this type of tillage reduced fuel consumption by 7 - 11
lit./ha. Environmental advantages of the conservation systems applied, stem from the reduced soil treading
by 30 to 50 %. By the conservation tillage, more than 60 % of crop residues remains in the surface layer
of soil. This favours moisture conservation in soil while better protecting soil from erosion.
Until March 25, 2007, wheat crops were in good condition, of consistent emergence, lushness and tillering
coefficient for all tillage variants. Also, no significant variances in weeding were registered. On the
experiment section scheduled for corn sowing, advantages of conservation tillage also came to the fore,
but to a lesser extent as compared to the effects of wheat tillage and sowing. The combined soil-breaking
device operated at exact depths as the ploughs (20 - 22 cm). Machinery utilization is in favour of the
conservation systems, due to a drop in kWh/ha by 30 to 45 %. Fuel consumption ranges from 25 to 30 %.
In addition, soil treading was reduced by 20 to 40 %, with more consistent distribution of crop residues
along the tillaged soil layer, with 30 to 40 % of crop residues remaining at the soil surface. All this leads
to conclusion that the variants of conservation tillage achieve better biological activity and improved
moisture conservation with reduced soil erosion.
These, as well as other environmental effects, along with the impact of various tillage systems on weeds,
pests, diseases and yield, shall be monitored during wheat and corn vegetation, in 2007.
Key words: Soil tillage, sowing, conventional, conservation, energy, environmental, economic

Reference:

1. Malinović N, Meši M, Mehandţić R, Turan J. 2007. The efects of conventional and conservative
   tillage technologies and wheat seeding. Savremena poljoprivredna tehnika. 33, 3 - 4, s. 205 - 212
2. Veselinov B, Malinović N. 2007. Justification of technical systems application wath minimal tillage
   soil stamping in plants production.ura. Revija agronomska saznanja. XVII, 1-2, s. 6-9
3. Martinov M, Malinović N, Đukić N, Đević M, Ogrizović B. 2007. Biosystems engineering in Serbian
   society and agriculture- objectivesa and activities. Savremena poljoprivredna tehnika, 33, 1-2 s. 1-11
4. Malinović N, Meši M, Mehandţić R, Turan J. 2006. Ekological and and energetic aspects of different
   soil tillage technologies. Revija agronomska saznanja. XVI, 3, s. 6 -7
5. Malinović N, Mehandţić R, 2006. Agriculture Machines for profitabile production. Savremena
   poljoprivredna tehnika, 32, 3 - 4, s.132 - 142
6. Nozdrovicki L. (Slovaĉki poljoprivredni univerzitet u Nitri - partner na projektu ) 2007. Analysis of
   the effects of the soil conservation tillage on soil physical propertiesjišta. Savremena poljoprivredna
   tehnika 33, 3 - 4, s.263 - 273



                                                                                                          34
Nedeljko Malinović, Radojica Mehandţić, Mihal Meši,
Poljoprivredni fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Ekološki i energetski aspekti različitih tehnologija obrade zemljišta"

Nastavak ogleda ostvaren je u 2006. godini ubiranjem useva i: analizom zemljišta, ţetvenih ostataka i
korova sa prethodnog ogleda. U jesen 2006. godine postavljen je makro ogled na 3 lokaliteta Vojvodine, u
setvi pšenice i obradi zemljišta za setvu kukuruza u proleće 2007 godine. U ogledu su korišćene mašine za
konvencionalnu obradu kao u prethodnom ogledu postavljenom u 2005. godini.
Konzervacijski sistem obrade obavljen je kombinovanim razrivaĉkim oruĊem i teškom tanjiraĉom (dva
prohoda) Ogled je postavljen u Martincima (ponovljen prošlogodišnji); Magliću (ponovljen
prošlogodišnji) i Irigu (novi ogled). Predusev u Martincima i Magliću je bila pšenica a u Irigu soja. U
ovim mestima postavljen je ogled u setvi pšenice i izvršena je obrada zemljišta za setvu kukuruza u
proleće 2007 godine.
Primenom konzervacijske obrade u proizvodnji pšenice ostvaren je manji utrošak mašinskog rada
(kWh/ha) od 30 do 50 % u odnosu na konvencijalnu. TakoĊe ovim naĉinom obrade utvrĊena je i manja
potrošnja goriva od 7 do 11 lit./ha. Ekološke prednosti primenjenih konzervacijskih sistema obrade u
proizvodnji pšenice proizlaze iz manjeg gaţenja (30 do 50 %). Kod konzervacijskih sistema obrade preko
60 % ţetvenih ostataka je u površinskom sloju zemljišta. Time se bolje ĉuva vlaga u zemljištu a zemljište
se bolje ĉuva od erozije.
Do 25. marta 2007. godine usev pšenice je bio u dobroj kondiciji, pribliţnog sklopa, bujnosti i koeficijenta
bokorenja u svim varijantama obrade kao i bez znaĉajnijih razlika u pojavi korova. Na delu ogleda
predviĊenom za setvu kukuruza ostvarene su takoĊe prednosti konzervacijskih u odnosu na konvencijalnu
obradu ali u manjoj meri u odnosu na efekte u obradi i setvi pšenice. Kombinovana razrivaĉka oruĊa
radila su na istim dubinama kao i raoni plugovi (20 - 22 cm). Angaţovani utrošak mašinskog rada ide u
korist primene konzervacijskih sistema jer je utrošak kWh/ha manji za 30 do 45 %. Ušteda goriva kreće se
u granicama od 25 do 30 %. Pored toga gaţenje zemljišta je manje za 20 do 40 %, ujednaĉenija je
raspodela ţetvenih ostataka po dubini obraĊivanog sloja s tim da 30 do 40 % biljnih ostataka ostaje na
površini. To obezbeĊuje da se konzervacijskim varijantama obrade postiţe bolja biološka aktivnost i bolje
ĉuvanje vlage a smanjuje se erozija zemljišta.
Navedeni i drugi ekološki efekti kao i posledice uticaja pojedinih sistema obrade na pojavu korova,
štetoĉina, bolesti i prinos pratiće se tokom vegetacije pšenice i kukuruza u proizvodnoj 2007. godini.
Kljuĉne reĉi: Obrada, setva, konvencijalna, konzervacijska, energetski, ekološki, ekonomski




                                                                                                         35
Nikola Đukić, Rajko Bugarin, Jan Turan, Aleksandar Sedlar, Branislav Veselinov,
Faculty of Agriculture in Novi Sad
" Establishing of mandatory inspection of equipment for pesticide application"

Project aims in 2006 was:
-       carry out of first inspections of tehnique for pesticide application
-       establishing of cooperation with other European institutions which carry out inspections
-       organizations and training future regional menagment which carry out inspections in Serbia
All this aims are complete. Results of first inspections of mistblowers in Serbia which carried in Irig and
Nova Crvenka was published and presented on conference of national significance. It was established
cooperation with colegues from Belgium, Germany and Slovakian Republic. Results of this cooperations
was visiting of reasearch stations for controling of tehnique for pesticide applications in Belgium and
Holland by prof. N. Đukić and A. Sedlar. Also as a result of this cooperation we will take part on 2nd
European Workshop on Stndardised Procedure for the Inspection of Sprayer in Europe – SPISE in
Straelen (Germany) from 10. till 12. of April 2007. MSc A. Sedlar will present on this workshop 3
paperworks which will shown situation in this area in our country and results of work on project:
"Organization of inspection tehnique for pesticide application in Vojvodina". In the Septembar of 2007. in
Slovakia will also present one paperwork which is result of joint work on this project with our partners,
colegues from Slovakia. Paper work will be present on CIGRA symposium. From 01. till to 04. of April
2007. in Kanjiţa will be hold course patronage by Ministry of Agriculture for trainer in plant protection.
The third day of course is dedicate to tehnique for plant protection. Prof. N. Đukić with his associates R.
Bugarin and A Sedlar will train future trainer how to correctly work with machine for plant protection and
how to lead out inspetions of machine for plant protection.

Reference:

1. Januar 2006. – XXXII Simpozijum poljoprivredne tehnike na Zlatiboru,Rad: Testiranje prskalica –
    potreba i obaveza, Autori: A. Sedlar, N. Đukić., R. Bugarin
2. Ĉasopis: Revija agronomska saznanja br. 1-2, Rad: Kvalitet tretiranja zemljišta herbicidima
    kompresorskim prskalicama, Autori: R. Bugarin, N. Đukić, A. Sedlar
3. Ĉasopis: Savremena poljoprivredna tehnika; broj 3-4 , Februar 2006. Billjni lekar br. 2
4. Rad: Testiranje prskalica kao preduslov proizvodnje zdravstveno bezbedne hrane , Autori: A. Sedlar,
    N. Đukić., R. Bugarin
5. 2006. Biljni lekar br. 3, Rad: Savremena tehnika za aplikaciju pesticida , Autori: N. Đukić, A. Sedlar,
    R. Bugarin
6. 2006. Biljni lekar br. 4-5, Rad: Desikacija u proizvodnji suncokreta , Autori: N. Đukić, V. Mikliĉ, D.
    Stefanović, G. Malidţa
7. 2006. Biljni lekar br. 4-5, Rad: Mehanizovana zaštita suncokreta, Autori: R. Bugarin, N. Đukić, A.
    Sedlar
8. Maj 2006. Revija-Agronomska saznanja br. 3, Rad: Tehnika za aplikaciju pesticida u zatvorenim
    prostorima Autori: N. Đukić
9. Septembar 2006. Revija-Agronomska saznanja br. 4, Rad: Laboratorija za ispitivanje prskalica i
    orošivaĉa poĉela sa radom , Autori: N. Đukić, R. Bugarin, A. Sedlar
10. Decembar 2006. Traktori i pogonske mašine br. 5, Rad: Laboratorija za kontrolu tehnike za aplikaciju
    pesticida Autori: N. Đukić, R. Bugarin, A. Sedlar
11. Januar 2007. XXXIII Simpozijum poljoprivredne tehnike na Zlatiboru, Rad: Prve inspekcije orošivaĉa
    u Srbiji, Autori: A. Sedlar, N. Đukić., R. Bugarin
12. Ĉasopis: Savremena poljoprivredna tehnika; broj 1-2, Rad: Kvalitet desikacije suncokreta primenom
    samohodnih prskalica, Autori: R. Bugarin, N. Đukić, A. Sedlar


                                                                                                        36
13. Ĉasopis: Savremena poljoprivredna tehnika; broj 3-4, Rad: Mehanizovana desikacija u proizvodnji
    uljanih kultura, Autori: N. Đukić, R. Bugarin, A. Sedlar
14. Ĉasopis: Savremena poljoprivredna tehnika; broj 3-4
15. 2007. Biljni lekar, broj 1, Rad: Ispitivanje orošivaĉa u tretiranju zasada višanja, Autori: A. Sedlar, N.
    Đukić., R. Bugarin
16. Septembar 2006, Magistarski rad: "Analiza metoda za testiranje prskalica", Kandidat: Aleksandar
    Sedlar, Mentor: Prof. dr Nikola Đukić
17. U periodu od 10. 04. 2007. do 12. 04. 2007. na Evropskom simpozijumu o standardizaciji procedura
    za ispitivanje prskalica (SPISA) u Straelenu (Nemaĉka) biće prezentovani sledeći radovi:

1. Establishing sprayer inspection in Serbia (A. Sedlar, N. Đukić, R. Bugarin)
2. First inspections of misting machines in Serbia (N. Đukić, A. Sedlar, R. Bugarin)
3. Working with different norms by standard air-assisted sprayer in orchards and loses because of drift
during spraying (R. Bugarin, N. Đukić, A. Sedlar)


Nikola Đukić, Rajko Bugarin, Jan Turan, Aleksandar Sedlar, Branislav Veselinov,
Poljoprivredni fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Oraganizacija inspekcije tehnike za aplikaciju pesticida"

Ciljevi projekta u 2006. su bili:
-       izvoĊenje prvih inspekcija tehnike za aplikaciju pesticida u Vojvodini
-       uspostavljanje saradnje sa evropskim institucijama koje se bave inspekcijama
-       organizovanje i obuka budućeg regionalnog menadţmenta koji će sprovoditi inspekcije u Srbiji
Svi navedeni ciljevi su realizovani. Rezultati prvih inspekcija orošivaĉa u Srbiji, koje su sprovedene u
Irigu i Novoj Crvenki su publikovani i izloţeni na skupovima nacionalnog znaĉaja. Uspostavljena je
saradnja sa kolegama iz Belgije, Nemaĉke i Slovaĉke. Rezultat te saradnje je odlazak prof. N. Đukića i A.
Sedlara u posetu stanicama za kontrolu tehnike za aplikaciju pesticida u Belgiji i Holandiji u julu 2006.
godine, kao i naše uĉešće na 2 Evropskom simpozijumu o standardizaciji procedura za inspekcije
prskalica u Evropi – SPISE, koji se odraţava u Straelenu (Nemaĉka) u periodu od 10. do 12. 04. 2007. Mr
A. Sedlar će na tom skupu prezentovati 3 naša rada, koja će ukazati na stanje u toj oblasti u našoj zemlji i
na rezultate rada na projektu "Organizacija inspekcije tehnike za aplikaciju pesticida u Vojvodini". U
septembru 2007. u Slovaĉkoj će takoĊe na jednom evropskom simpozijumu iz oblasti poljoprivredne
tehnike pod pokriviteljstvom evropskog društva za poljoprivrednu tehniku -CIGRA, biti predstvljen jedan
rad koji jr rezultat saradnje u radu na ovom projektu sa kolega iz Slovaĉke. Od 01. do 04. aprila 2007. u
Kanjiţi biće odrţan kurs za obuku trenera u oblasti zaštite bilja pod pokroviteljstvom Ministarstva za
poljoprivredu. Treći dan kursa je posvećen tehnici za aplikaciju pesticida i prof. N. Đukić sa saradnicima
R. Bugarinom i A. Sedlarom će obuĉavati polaznike kursa da pravilno rukuju mašinama za zaštitu bilja i
da izvode inspekcije njihove radne ispravnosti na terenu. Spisak publikacija:




                                                                                                          37
Ranko Kljajić, Branka Vidić, Dušan Orlić, Mira Kovaĉević, Dragica Stojanović, Milica Ţivkov-Baloš,
Olga Rackov, Radoslav Došen, Ţeljko Mihaljev, Igor Stanojev, Ţivoslav Grgić, Sara Savić-JevĊenić,
Jelena Petrović, Radomir Ratajac, Jasna Liĉina, Dubravka Potkonjak,
Scientific veterinary institute in Novi Sad
"Hazard analyses, risk assessment and identification of control measures for food safety on
breeding farms in APV – development of generic models for food safety on breeding farms"

The development and implementation of the integrated food safety assurance system is a key element in
the food chain concept. This applies from both the aspect of protecting animal and human health as well
as from the aspect of food producers gaining access to international food trade, enabling survival in the
global world market. Until 2003, the farm as the first point in the food chain was not adequately
incorporated into the food safety system developed and applied in consecutive parts of the food chain.
This was because farms have some specifics and because of the effect of numerous factors (technological,
husbandry, health, environmental protection and animal welfare), which means that application of
integrated food safety assurance at farm requires a specifically tailored approach. Therefore, in recent
years a lot of work has been done internationally, both scientific and developmental, regarding the
implementation of the integrated system at the farm level. Risk analysis and risk assessment are the
fundamental tools in integrated food safety assurance applied at the farm level, and are very complex. The
process of risk assessment requires the availability and use of established scientific information and data
as well as the use of clear and scientifically accepted procedures. The outcomes of risk assessment should
be used for, and combined with, consideration of the available risk management options, so that decisions
on optimal risk management can be made. After risk management is implemented, it should be followed
by monitoring the effectiveness of the applied control measures and the overall effects on consumer
exposure. In this way, the main target of food safety assurance could be achieved. The above elements
represent a basis for the development of various standards with regard to food safety. The standards are
based on necessary decisions made with respect to defined hazards, their short, medium and long term
effects on human health (risk assessment), definition of control measures which will prevent, reduce or
minimize the risks (risk management), and definition of the best way to transfer this information to the
population and all included in the food chain (risk communication). The basic instruments to be used in
animal health protection and food safety assurance in the farming industry should ensure that the
following needs are met. First, to provide individual farmers with clear and simple procedures for control
and elimination of animal health and human health risks. Secondly, to enable farmers to prove to third
parties that these procedures are workable for the purpose of animal health certification needed for
exports.
For risk assessment in farm animal production, the epidemiological situation and hazards (biological,
chemical) must be determined for every animal species and for every farm-to-abattoir process (loading,
transport, delivery to market). For example, biological hazards include E. coli O157, Salmonella,
Campylobacter etc, while chemical hazards include antibiotics and associated antibiotic-resistance,
pesticides, mycotoxins, heavy metals, radionuclides etc. Again, for each animal species and each farm-to-
abattoir process, risk analysis and risk assessment must be conducted to determine specific critical control
points for the elimination or reduction of the main biological and chemical hazards. Risk assessment
requires the evaluation and use of appropriate information, as well as selection of appropriate models
which will enable conclusions to be drawn from this information. Also, uncertainties have to be
incorporated and, where appropriate, alternative approaches have to be considered. Uncertainties related
to data can be due to limited amount of data, difficulties with understanding and interpretation of data, and
different nature of the data (e.g. epidemiological or toxicological). Uncertainties are generated particularly
when the data collected under specific conditions are extrapolated to other situations. In this project, the
basic elements relevant for risk analysis and risk assessment, as well as procedures for the development
of, and implementation of the integrated food safety system at the farm level are outlined. Key words:
food safety, farm, risk
                                                                                                           38
Reference:
1. Kljajić Ranko, Milenko Stevanĉević, Milan Tešić, Zoran Aleksić: Novi zahtevi u zaštiti zdravlja
   ţivotinja i bezbednosti hrane = New demands in protection of animal's health and food safety /
   Savremena poljoprivreda.- ISSN 0350-1205.- 55, 3-4, Str.128-135, (2006)
2. Kljajić Ranko, Branka Vidić, Jelena Petrović, Milenko Stevanĉević, Milan Tešić, Zoran Aleksić:
   Faktori rizika za bezbednost hrane u farmskom uzgoju ţivotinja = Risk assessment in animal farming
   and food safety / Savremena poljoprivreda.- ISSN 0350-1205.- 55, 3-4, Str.104-111, (2006)
3. Petrović Jelena, Milan Ţ.Baltić, Ranko Kljajić, Igor Stojanov, Nedeljko Karabasil: Antimikrobna
   rezistencija patogenih bakterija znaĉajnih za bezbednost mesa = Antimicrobial resistance of bacterial
   pathogens important for meat safety / Zbornik radova i kratkih sadrţaja / 18.Savetovanje veterinara
   Srbije, Zlatibor 21-24.09.2006, glavni urednik Branka Vidić.- ISBN 86-83115-05-4.- Beograd :
   Srpsko veterinarsko društvo, 2006.- Str.50-57
4. Vidić B, Grgić Ţ, Savić-JevĊenić S, Stojanov I, Milanov D: Improved media for the isolation of
   Bordetela bronchiseptica in aasal swabs from piglets.Abstracts Book, 2nd FEMS Congress of
   European Microbiologists, Madrid, July 4-8, 2006, chair Jean Claude Piffaretti, Madrid, Spanish
   Society for Microbiology, 2006, str.148
5. Vidić B, Milanov D, Bugarski D: Isolation of Listeria monocytogenes in neural forms of listeriosis
   and abortions in ruminants = Izolacija l.monocytogenes kod nervne forme listerioze i abortusa
   preţivara. Acta Veterinaria, ISSN 0567-8315, 56, 4, str.343-351, 2006.
6. Mihaljev Ţeljko, Ţeljko Ćupić, Milica Ţivkov-Baloš, Anica Ivanĉev: Possibility of spectrophotometric
   determination of molybdenum in feed / Metal Elements in Environment, Medicine and Biology / 7th
   International Szmposium on Metal Elements in Environment, Medicine and Biology, Timisoara,
   November 6-8, 2006, editor Davidescu Corneliu.- ISBN 973-620-38-0.- Timisoara : Roumanian
   Academy, 2006.- Str.247-250
7. Ćupić Ţeljko, Ţeljko Mihaljev, Spasoje Veselinović, Milica Ţivkov-Baloš, Anica Ivanĉev: Sadrţaj
   minerala u uzorcima lucerke sa podruĉja Vojvodine = Contetnt of minerals in alfalfa samples in
   Vojvodina region / Savremena poljoprivreda - ISSN 0350-1205.- 55, 3-4, Str.71-74, (2006)

Ranko Kljajić, Branka Vidić, Dušan Orlić, Mira Kovaĉević, Dragica Stojanović, Milica Ţivkov-Baloš,
Olga Rackov, Radoslav Došen, Ţeljko Mihaljev, Igor Stanojev, Ţivoslav Grgić, Sara Savić-JevĊenić,
Jelena Petrović, Radomir Ratajac, Jasna Liĉina, Dubravka Potkonjak,
Naučni institut za veterinarstvo u Novom Sadu
"Analiza opasnosti, procena rizika i identifikacija kontrolnih mera za bezbednost hrane u
farmskom uzgoju ţivotinja u APV – Razvoj generičkog modela za bezbednost hrane u farmskom
uzgoju ţivotinja"

Osnovni cilj projekta je bio razvoj instrumenta za obezbeĊenje zdrvalja ţivotinja u farmskom uzgoju i
bezbednost hrane ţivotinjskog porekla kroz razvoj i implementaciju integrisanog sistema za bezbednost hrane
zasnovanog na generiĉkom modelu.
Rizik za stanovništvo od opasnosti koje su vezane za hranu u znaĉajnoj meri zavisi od stepena kontrole koju
vrše proizvoĊaĉi, preraĊivaĉi i ovlašćeni organi za kontrolu hrane kojim se opasnost spreĉava ili minimalizuje
na prihvatljiv nivo. Da bi se proces procne rizika primenio u farmskom uzgoju ţivotinja neophodno je, za
svaku vrstu ţivotinja i za svaki glavni tip procesa od farme do klanice ĉitavom duţinom lanca (ukljuĉujući fazu
utovara, transporta i isporuke na trţište), izvršiti epidemiološku determinaciju i analizu opasnosti za glavne
biološke i hemijske agense i utvrditi lista opasnosti za glavne patogene koji izazivaju oboljenja putem hrane i
glavne hemijske i fiziĉke agense, što je bio predmet i cilj istraţivanja u prethodnoj godini. U tom cilju u okviru
nastavka projekta razvijen je sistem za menadţment ispravnosti hrane koji se bazira na dva glavna elementa:
dobru proizvodnu praksu / dobru higijensku praksu (DPP/DHP) i HACCP principe. Danas, DPP/DHP se
smatra fundamentom bez koga se ne mogu graditi, niti mogu da funkcionišu, bilo koji drugi dodatni sistemi za
bezbednost hrane – na primer, HACCP. Stoga, DPP/DHP se uobiĉajeno nazivaju i “preduslovnim programina”
(“pre-requisite progammes”).
                                                                                                               39
Sava Lazić, Milovan Joviĉin, Maja Velhner, Slavica Košarĉić, Miloš Kapetanov, Nada Plavša, Dubravka
Milanov, Dejan Bugarski,Tamaš Petrović, Aleksandar Milovanović, Ištvan Pušić, Vladimir Polaĉek,
Diana Lupulović,
Scientific veterinary institute in Novi Sad
"Research on typisation of aviary and other kinds of virus influence by molecular diagnostic
techniques"

Eradication programs for bovine herpesvirus (BHV) infection (1. examine and eliminate, 2.
immunoprophylaxis and 3. herd depopulation) were designed with the aim to verify the efficiency of their
implementation through several models in 4 cattle herds. Study of program "Examine and Eliminate"
implementation was carried out on two herds with 375 (307 + 68) cattle. The program included
elimination of seropositive animals from a herd and control every 28 days. The program's efficiency was
proved by a control done 6 months after elimination of the last seropositive animal. In the following
period there was only a monitoring of the infection in 10% of randomly selected animals. The second
eradication program of herpesvirus infection was carried out through immunoprophylaxis. In the herd
consisting of 320 animals, all the cattle was vaccinated with inactivated vaccine against herpesvirus
infection. The program included vaccination during a period of 4-6 years, i.e. until the remount of the
cattle was not carried out by exchange of all the animals born before implementation of
immunoprophylaxis. The third program "Herd Depopulation" presents a compilation of different
approaches, but the most criticaly important part in the program presents the procedure of getting healthy
offspring from the cows latently infected with bovine herpesvirus. The control of program effect was done
using the test with application of corticosteroids in 5 heifers originating from latently infected cows. The
control lasted 10 months. In the first month after treatment with corticosteroid health status of heifers was
done by virus isolation and determination of specific antibodies against bovine herpesvirus. Later, every
30 days health control included control of seroconversion that was a proof that the offspring of latently
infected cows were BHV free.


Reference:

1. Lazić Sava, Petrović Tamaš, Velhner Maja: Latent infection of cattle with bovine herpes virus type 1:
   Possibilities and significance of laboratory diagnostic / Zbornik (CD)/ VIII Savjetovanje iz kliniĉke
   patologije i terapije ţivotinja sa meĊunarodnim uĉešćem, 26-30.06, Neum, [urednici Miodrag
   Lazarević ...et al.]. - ISBN 9958-599-20-1.- Sarajevo : Veterinarski fakultet, 2006.- br.12 (R54 1,0)
2. Branka Vidić, Dubravka Milanov and Dejan Bugarski: Isolation of Listeria monocytogenes in neural
   forms of listeriosis and abortions in ruminants /
3. Acta Veterinaria.- ISSN 0567-8315.- 56, 4, str.343-351, (2006) (R52 3,0)
4. M.Lazarević, A.Milovanović, M.Joviĉn, M.Šabanović and A.Suljkanović: Cutaneous basophil
   hypersensitivity reaction to phytohemagglutinin in haifers and cows with different reproductive results
   / LucrariI stiintifice Medicina veterinara.- ISSN 1221-5295.- 39, str.109-121, (2006) (R61 2,0)
5. Tamaš Petrovic, Sava Lazić, Milovan Joviĉin, Bosiljka Đuriĉić: Mogućnost upotrebe RT-PCR tehnike
   u utvrĊivanju prisustva virusa govede virusne dijareje u spermi priplodnih bikova/Possibility for use of
   RT-PCR technique in establishing presence of bovine viral diarrhea virus in sperm of breeding bulls /
   Veterinarski glasnik.- ISSN 0350-2457.- 59, 3-4, str.371-381, (2005) (R61 2,0)
6. Košarĉić S, Kovaĉević M, Joviĉin M, Ţivkov-Baloš M, Košarĉić D: Changes in karyotype of domestic
   animals detected on farms in Vojvodina and their influence on reproduction = Promene u kariotipu
   domaćih ţivotinja otkrivene na farmama u Vojvodini i njihov uticaj na reprodukciju.Genetika, vol.38,
   br.2, Str.121-128, 2006 (eng), R61 2,0
7. Lazić S., Petrović T.Milić N., Maja Velhner, Bosiljka Đuriĉić: Postupci i tehnike u laboratorijskoj
   dijagnostici aktuelnih virusnih bolesti ţivotinja i ptica/ Procedures and techniques in laboratory
                                                                                                          40
   diagnosing of current viral diseases of animals and birds / Zbornik radova i kratkih sadrţaja /
   18.Savetovanje veterinara Srbije, Zlatibor 21-24.09.2006, glavni urednik Branka Vidić.- ISBN 86-
   83115-05-4.- Beograd : Srpsko veterinarsko društvo, 2006.- Str.166-167 (R73 0,2)

8. Sava Lazić, Milovan Joviĉin, Maja Velhner, Slavica Košarĉić, Miloš Kapetanov, Nada Plavša,
   Dubravka Milanov, Dejan Bugarski,Tamaš Petrović, Aleksandar Milovanović, Ištvan Pušić, Vladimir
   Polaĉek, Diana Lupulović

Sava Lazić, Milovan Joviĉin, Maja Velhner, Slavica Košarĉić, Miloš Kapetanov, Nada Plavša, Dubravka
Milanov, Dejan Bugarski,Tamaš Petrović, Aleksandar Milovanović, Ištvan Pušić, Vladimir Polaĉek,
Diana Lupulović,
Naučni institut za veterinarstvo u Novom Sadu
"Izučavanje implementacije programa kontrole i eradikacije herpesvirusne infekcije u priplodnim
zapatima goveda"

UtvrĊeni programi iskorenjivanja herpesvirusne infekcije goveda (1. Ispitaj i ukloni, 2. Imunoprofilaksa i
3. Depopulacija zapata) su u cilju provere efikasnosti njihove implementacije ispitivani kroz više modela
u 4 zapata goveda. Izuĉavanje implementacije programa "Ispitaj i ukloni" vršeno je u dva zapata sa 375
(307 + 68) goveda. Program predviĊa eliminaciju seropozitivnih grla iz zapata i kontrolu tokom
eradikacije svakih 28 dana. Efikasnost programa je potvrĊena kontrolom nakon 6 meseci po iskljuĉenju
zadnjeg seropozitivnog goveĉeta. U narednom periodu vrši se samo monitoring infekcije kod 10%
sluĉajno odabranih ţivotinja. Drugim programom iskorenjivanje herpesvirusne infekcije predviĊeno je
sprovoĊenjem imunoprofilakse. U zapatu goveda od 320 grla izvršena je vakcinacija svih ţivotinja
inaktivisanom vakcinom protiv herpesvirusne infekcije. Programom je predviĊena vakcinacija tokom
perioda od 4-6 godina, odnosno dok se remontom stada ne izvrši zamena svih grla roĊenih pre poĉetka
sprovoĊenja imunoprofilakse. Treći program, "Depopulacija zapata", predstavlja skup više razliĉitih
procesa, ali najkritiĉniji proces u implementaciji programa predstavlja postupak dobijanja zdravog
potomstva od krava latentno inficiranih goveĊim herpesvirusom. Provera efikasnosti ovog procesa vršena
je testom "opterećenja kortikosteroidima" kod 5 junica poreklom od latentno inficiranih krava. Ispitivanja
su vršena u periodu od 10 meseci. U prvih mesec dana nakon tretmana sa kortikosteroidima kod junica je
vršena provera zdravstvenog stanja postupcima izolacije virusa i utvrĊivanjem specifiĉnih antitela protiv
goveĊeg herpesvirusa. Kasnije, svakih 30 dana kontrola zdravlja je obuhvatala kontrolu serokonverzije
ĉime je dokazano da su potomci latentno inficiranih krava slobodni od inefekcije goveĊim herpesvirusom.




                                                                                                       41
Stanko Boboš, Vesna Lalošević, Ljubica Spasojević, Miodrag Radinović, Dušan Lalošević,
Faculty of Agriculture in Novi Sad
"Comparative analysis of animal health in zoo and wild animals and risk of transmission to
humans"

We examined animals from Palic Zoo and wild animals from Vojvodina region. We prepared blood
smears with Giemsa stain and serology for antibodies on Echinococcus, Toxoplasma gondii, Trichinella
spiralis, Toxocara canis i Capillaria spp. We used commecialy and in two cases, homemade antigens, for
IFT Toxocara spp i Capillaria spp. We expected to find significantly eosinophlia, as a parameter of
parasitic disease.Also, we exsamined blood samples for protozoa: Babesia and Theileria. In wild animals
from Vojvodina region, we exsamined muscle for Sarcocystis spp i Trichinella spp.
We examined 25 species from different families, but we didn‟t find eosinofilia or anyone parasites. With
IFT we examined 20 serum samples, but we didn‟t find titer on this parasites. We didn‟t examined
carnivores, whish is neccesary.
In 14 fokses and two shakals we registered Trichinella spp (two foxes, one shakal,) without
capsulae.Three deers from Backi Monostor have had Sarcocystis spp. In 40 bobquails we not registered
anz tissue and blood parasites. Shot animals have had two egzoparasites: Tick-Ixodes, all 3 morfologicaly
forma, (larva, nimpha and adult), and flies: Ctenocephalides canismore than 20 per animal.
We concluded that, animals from Palic Zoo are in good healthy condicions, and they are not reservoar of
blood and tissue zoonosis. In next step, we must examined carnivores.
Ektoparasites in wild animals are frequently, that thette is possibillity to transfer Erlichia i Borellia to
humans.

Reference:

1. McElhinney LM, Marston D, Johnson N, Black C, Matouch O, Lalosevic D, Stankov S, Must K,
    Smreczak M, Zmudzinski JF, Botvinkin A, Aylan O, Vanek E, Cliquet F, Muller T, Fooks AR.
    Molecular epidemiology of rabies viruses in Europe. Dev Biol (Basel) 2006, 125, pp. 17-28.
2. Krstić V, Marinković D, Vakanjac S, Lalošević D, Aleksić-Kovaĉević S. Helicobacter spp.          in
    gastroscopic biopsies in dogs. Acta Veterinaria (Beograd) 2006, 56 (4): 305-314.
3. Lalošević D, Putić S, Davidov I. Patohistološka dijagnostika tumora domaćih ţivotinja. Letopis
    nauĉnih radova, 2006, 30: 149-154
4. Лалошевић Весна, Лалошевић Д. Симин С. Ковач И. Паразити дивљег зеца (Lepus europeaus) и
    препелице (Coturnix coturnix) у Бачкој. Савремена пољопривреда, LV (2006)3-4: 143-146
5. Лалошевић Весна, Лалошевић Д, Ћирковић М. Налаз ларви Anisakis spp. у рибљем месу,
    Letopis nauĉnih radova, 2006, 30: 144-159
6. Stanojev-Jovanović D, Kuruc V, Pavlović S, Perin B, Klem I, Lalošević D. Eucoleus (Capillaria)
    aerophila i eozinofilna pneumonija. Majski pulmološki dani 2006, Zbornik radova, str. 229-233.
7. Milin J, Lalošević D. TEM nalaz agensa Lyme – borelioze u biopsiji srca. 50 godina elektronske
    mikroskopije u Srbiji. Zbornik radova, 2006. str. 65-68.
8. Lalošević Vesna, Lalošević D. Boboš S. Šinković M. Nalaz crevnih parazita u zoološkom vrtu "Palić",
    Simpozijum sa meĊunarodnim uĉešćem "Stoĉarstvo, veterinarstvo i agroekonomija u tranzicionim
    procesima" Herceg Novi, 2006. Zbornik rezimea, str. 191
9. Lalošević D, Lalošević V, Sarić M, Mitić Z, Sekulić S, Babović S. Neurological complications of
    rabies vaccination – an autopsy case with parkinsonism. XII Kongres Udruţenja patologa SCG,
    Materia Medica 2006, 22 (Supp. 1): 53.
10. Kesić S, Martać LJ, Grbić G, Spasić S, Sekulić S, Lalošević D. Spectral analysis of cerebral
    electrocortical activity in rats treated with aluminium. Symposium Neurobiology Today, Beograd
    2006, Zbornik rezimea, p. 6.


                                                                                                         42
11. Vesna Lalošević, Lalošević D, Boboš S, Šinković M, Ljubica       Spasojević, Nalaz crevnih parazita
    kod ţivotinja u zoološkom vrtu "Palić", Savremena poljoprivreda, LV (2006)5-6, u štampi
12. Dimitrijević S, Lalošević Vesna, Ilić T, Lalošević D. Kapilarioza-oboljenje ţivotinja i potencijalna
    zoonoza. Epizotiološki dani, 28-30. 03 2007, Donji Milanovac, Zbornik saţetaka
13. Vesna Lalošević, Boboš S, Prašoić S, Šinković M, Škapur V. Intestinal Parasites in Zoo Animals in
    Palić and Sarajevo, Clinica veterinaria 2006, Proceedings, Neum, 26-30.06.2006. Bosnia and
    Hercegovina Abstract No. 27.
14. Lalošević D, Lalošević Vesna, Klem I, Panjković M, Stanojev D. Laboratory diagnostics of zoonotic
    pulmonary capilariasis, IMED, Abstract Book, Wien, 23-25.02 2007.

Stanko Boboš, Vesna Lalošević, Ljubica Spasojević, Miodrag Radinović, Dušan Lalošević,
Poljoprivredni fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Komparativna analiza zdravstvenog stanja ţivotinja u ZOO vrtovima i divljoj prirodi i
potencijalni rizik za širenje parazitskih bolesti na ljude"

U cilju ispitivanja zoonotskog potencijala krvnih i tkivnih parazitoza, uraĊen je hematološki pregled
ţivotinja iz zoološkog vrta "Palić" i divljih ţivotinja iz regiona Vojvodine. Istraţivanje je obuhvatilo
pregled krvnih razmaza bojenih po Giemsi, kao i serološki pregled na prisustvo antitela na Echinococcus,
Toxoplasma gondii, Trichinella spiralis, Toxocara canis i Capillaria spp. Za dijagnostiku su delom
korišteni komercijalni antigeni, a delom antigeni napravljeni u toku projekta kao originalni metod za
izradu indirektnog imunofluorescentnog testa na Toxocara spp i Capillaria spp. Krvni razmazi su
pregledani u cilju dokazivanja moguće signifikantne eozinofilije, kao dokaza prisustva parazitskih
infekcija, a u leukocitima je traţena Erlichia spp. TakoĊe, u krvnim razmazima traţene su krvne protozoe:
Babesia i Theileria. Kod divljih ţivotinja odstreljenih u regionu Vojvodine, uraĊen je krvni razmaz u cilju
pronalaţenja krvnih protozoa, i pregled predilekcionih tkiva u svrhu nalaza Sarcocystis spp i Trichinella
spp.
Pregledano je ukupno 25 vrsta ţivotinja iz razliĉitih familija, (lama, sivo goveĉe, zebu, kamila, srna,
zebra, konj, magarac, ovca, koza,majmun, paun, guska) ali ni u jednom od pregledanih uzoraka krvnih
razmaza nije naĊena eozinofilija (više od 5% eozinofilnih granulocita), kao ni paraziti. Indrektnim
imunofluorescentnim testom pregledano je 20 uzoraka krvnih seruma, na prisustvo antitela na parazitoze,
ali ni u jednom uzorku nije dokazan pozitivan nalaz. Istraţivanjem nisu obuhvaćeni mesojedi, te bi u
daljem istraţivanju ova grupa ţivotinja morala biti ispitana.
Kod 14 lisica i dva šakala parazitološkim pregledom, u 3 sluĉaja (dve lisice, 1 šakal) naĊene su larve
Trichinella spp. Kod tri jelena iz revira Baĉki Monoštor, registrovana je protozoa Sarcocystis spp. Kod 40
prepelica iz Juţno-baĉkog okruga, nisu naĊeni tkivni paraziti.
Na odstreljenim ţivotinjama registrovani su sledeći paraziti: Krpelji iz roda Ixodes, i to sva tri razvojna
oblika, (larva, nimfa i adult), kao i buve, Ctenocephalides canis, u broju većem od 20 po ţivotinji.
Moţe se zakljuĉiti, da je zdravstveno stanje ţivotinja u zoološkom vrtu “Palić” dobro, i da ne postoji
rezervoar krvnih i tkivnih protozoa, opasnih po zdravlje ljudi, kod pregledanih ţivotinja.
Dalje istraţivanje mora obuhvatiti mesojede, pre svega zbog prvi put opisane humane kapilarioze kao i
tosokaroze, posebno opasne zoonoze koja se registruje kod dece.
Nalaz larvi Trichinella spp kod lisica i šakala, za koje se ne moţe kod nas uraditi tipizacija, zahteva
uspostavljanje saradnje sa Instituto Zooprofilactico, Roma, Italija, odnosno saradnju sa Dr Eduardom
Poziom, ekpertom SZO, zainteresovanim za ovo ispitivanje, obzirom da kod nas još nije opisana, u Evropi
poznata, Trichinella pseudospioralis, a preliminarnim parazitološkim pregledom utvrĊeno je da u
pojedinim sluĉajevima postoje neinkapsulisane larve trihinele, što bi mogla biti nova vrsta parazita u
našem podruĉju.
Raširenost ektoparazita meĊu ţivotionjama u divljoj prirodi, ukazuje na opasnost od humanih infekcija sa
Erlichia i Borellia spp posebno u uslovima promenjene klime, odnosno vrlo blage zime, što će dovesti do
uvećanja populacije ovih parazitskih artropoda.
                                                                                                        43
Timofej Furman, Ratko Nikolić, Radojka Gligorić, Lazar Savin, Milan Tomić, Mirko Simikić, Mirjana
Pucarević, Zlatica Predojević,
Faculty of Agriculture in Novi Sad
"Research on bases for biodiesel production and use"

A visit to installation for biodisel production in Slovakia was made during previous research period. The
results from research in this field were realized during this visit. The pilot installation for biodiesel fuel
synthesis was installed. The biodiesel synthesis was carried out by using different raw material in this
period (sunflower oil, soybean oil, rape seed oil, animal fat and used restaurant fat). The research of
influence of biodiesel, fossil fuel (D2 and Eurodiesel) as well as their mixture on different materials which
are used in fuel systems seals elements production was carried out. The changes of geometric (as
becoming swollen consequence) and mechanical features of observed materials were followed by
research. During March 2007 a visit to fair SIMA and SIA in Paris was made with goal to inform with
attained level of biodiesl fuel application as source of energy for engines.

Reference:

1. Furman T, Nikolić R, Tomić M, Savin L: Biodiesel, agriculture chance and obligation, proceedings,
   Institute od field and vegetable crops, Vol 42, Novi Sad, 2006.
2. Tomić M, Furman T, Nikolić R, Savin L, Simikić M: Ecology aspects of biodiesel production and
   aplication – like facilitate production health safety food, proceedings, IV International EKO
   Conferency, Novi Sad, 2006.
3. Nikolić R, Brkić M, Furman T, Savin L, Gligorić R, Tomić M, Simikić M: Needs for liquid fues in
   serbia, jurnal Tractors and power machines, Vol 11, No 1, Novi Sad, 2006.
4. Furman T, Nikolić R, Tomić M, Savin L, Simikić M: Perspectives of production and use of biodiesel
   in european union, jurnal Tractors and power machines, Vol 11, No 1, Novi Sad, 2006.
5. Tomić M, Furman T, Nikolić R, Savin L, Simikić M: Potential raw material base for biodiesel
   production in serbia, jurnal Tractors and power machines, Vol 11, No 1, Novi Sad, 2006.
6. Furman T, Nikolić R, Tomić M, Savin L, Simikić M: Previous trends and perspectives of production
   and use biodiesel in the world, jurnal Tractors and power machines, Vol 11, No 1, Novi Sad, 2006.
7. Gligorić Radojka, Furman T, Nikolić R, Savin L,Tomić M, Simikić M: Biodiesel – published papers
   in our country, jurnal Tractors and power machines, Vol 11, No 1, Novi Sad, 2006.
8. Furman T, Tomić M, Nikolić R, Savin L, Gligorić Radojka, Simikić M., Samardţija M: Projecting a
   section for biodiesel production, jurnal Tractors and power machines, Vol 11, No 3/4, Novi Sad, 2006.
9. Tomić M, Furman T, Nikolić R, Savin L, Simikić M: The influence of biodiesesel on engine seal
   material, jurnal Tractors and power machines, Vol 11, No 5, Novi Sad, 2006.




                                                                                                           44
Timofej Furman, Ratko Nikolić, Radojka Gligorić, Lazar Savin, Milan Tomić, Mirko Simikić, Mirjana
Pucarević, Zlatica Predojević,
Poljoprivredni fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Istraţivanje podloga za proizvodnju biodizela"

Tokom predhodnog perioda istraţivanja realizovana je poseta pogonima za proizvodnju biodizela u
Slovaĉkoj. Tokom posete sagledani su rezultati do kojih su oni stigli u istraţivanjima iz ove oblasti.
Instalirano je pilot postrojenje za sintezu biodizel goriva. U toku ovog perioda izvrešena je sinteza
biodizela primenom razliĉitih sirovina (suncokretovo ulje, sojino ulje, ulje uljane repice, ţivotinjske masti
i iskorišćene restoranske masti). Izvršeno je ispitivanje uticaja biodizela, goriva mineralnog porekla (D-2 i
eurodizela) kao i njihovih mešavina na razliĉite materijale koji se koriste u izradi zaptivnih elemenata
sistema za napajanje motora gorivom. Ispitivanjima su praćene promene geometrije (kao posledice
bibrenja) i mehaniĉkih ososbina posmatranih materijala. Tokom marta 2007. godine obavljena je poseta
sajma SIMA i SIA u Parizu, sa ciljem upoznavanja sa dostignutim nivoom primene biodizel goriva kao
pogonskim energentom motora SUS.




                                                                                                          45
Verica Jurić, Dragan Glamoĉić, Igor Jajić,
Faculty of Agriculture in Novi Sad
"Monitoring of deoxynivalenol in cereals and feeds in Vojvodina"

The aim of this study was deoxynivalenol (DON), mycotoxin, the most frequently detected one
throughout the world of the trichothecene family. Consumption of contaminated feeds by livestock has
been associated with a variety of adverse health effects including feed refusal, emesis and reduced weight
gain. During 2006. we have collected from area of Vojvodina and Serbia, 104 samples of cereals (maize
and wheat) and feed (sunflower and soybean meal). Deoxynivalenol was determinated by liquid
chromatography with DAD detector, crude extract was cleaned-up on Mycosep columns or columns filled
in our laboratory (CACC column). During this research samples collected in 2005 (10) and in 2006 (94)
were analyzed. In maize samples (10) from 2005 the presence of DON was up to 30.0%. Other analyzed
samples are from 2006 harvest therewith that significant attention was paid on wheat and maize because
these cereals are especially sensitive to Fusarium graminearum fungus which often produces DON. 34
samples of wheat and 21 samples of maize were analyzed and presence of DON in wheat 35.3% and in
maize 38.1% was established. Lower presence was established in 12 analyzed soybean and soybean meal
samples (30.0%) and higher presence was established in 10 analyzed sunflower and sunflower meal
samples (40.0%). However, in only two sample of each, maize and wheat, the level of DON was above
the maximum level adopted by the EC (2003).
The primary aim of this study was achieved, which means that data about presence and DON content on
area of Vojvodina are supplemented. Our study is going to be continued, because we believe that every
following year, meaning harvest, conduces reliable representation of DON presence in our crops.

Reference:

1. Borislav K. Abramović, Igor M. Jajić, Biljana F. Abramović, Verica B. Jurić, Expert system for
   detection of deoxynivalenol in corn on the basis of Fourier transform infrared spectral features,
   ICOSECS 5, ACH 1, Ohrid (2006).
2. Verica Jurić, Jajić I., Jelena Jurić, Primena HACCP koncepta u prevenciji i kontroli zearalenona, IV
   meĊunarodna Eko-konferencija, Zdravstveno bezbedna hrana, Novi Sad, Tematski zbornik (2006)
   437-442.
3. Balaţ, F. Ferenc, Jajić, M. Igor, Bagi, F. Ferenc, Stojšin, B. Vera, Abramović F. Biljana, Sadrţaj
   deoksinivalenola i zearalenona u pojedinim delovima fuzarioznih klasova pšenice, Zbornik Matice
   srpske za prirodne nauke, 113 (2007) .
4. Igor M. Jajić, Aleksandra S. Boĉarov-Stanĉić, Milorad B. Bjelić, Ispitivanje sposobnosti za biosintezu
   Fuzariotoksina kod Fusarium izolata sa kukuruza Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke, 113
   (2007) .
5. Igor M. Jajić, Biljana F. Abramović, Verica B. Jurić, Saša Z. Krstović, Prisustvo deoksinivalenola u
   kukuruzu Vojvodine, Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke, 113 (2007)
6. Verica B. Jurić, Jajić M. Igor, Tatjana R. Savković, Biljana F. Abramović, Bezbednosti pšenice u
   odnosu na prisustvo i sadrţaj deoksinivalenola, Zbornik Matice srpske za prirodne nauke, 113 (2007)




                                                                                                       46
Verica Jurić, Dragan Glamoĉić, Igor Jajić,
Poljoprivredni fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Monitoring deoksinivalenola u ţitaricama i hranivima Vojvodine"

Kao i prethodne godine, predmet istraţivanja je bio deoksinivalenol, mikotoksin, najrasprostranjeniji
predstavnik trihotecena, ĉije prisustvo u hrani za ţivotinje izaziva odbijanje hrane, povraćanje i konaĉno
gubitak njihove teţine. Posledica infekcije plesnima koje produkuju deoksinivalenol, dovodi do smanjenja
veliĉine zrna, koliĉine proteina i štetnog uticaja na klijavost, što rezultira smanjenju prinosa i kvaliteta
hraniva. Potreba za ispitivanjem prisutnosti deoksinivalenola se nametnula, pre svega iz razloga, što za
našu zemlju nisu postojali pouzdaniji podaci o sadrţaju ovog mikotoksina u ţitaricama i hranivima.
Nakon uzoraka ţitarica i hraniva sakupljenih i analiziranih tokom 2004. i 2005. godine, nastavilo se sa
prikupljanjem i analiziranjem uzoraka sa podruĉja koji je obuhvatio sva tri regiona u Vojvodini (Srem,
Banat i Baĉku). Ukupan broj prikupljenih uzoraka tokom 2006. godine je iznosio 104. Kao i do sad vodilo
se raĉuna da se uzorci uzeti na terenu, bilo na polju ili iz skladišta, što je pre moguće transportuju do
laboratorije. Analiza deoksinivalenola je raĊena teĉnom hromatografijom visokih performansi (HPLC) uz
primenu DAD detektora uz preĉišćavanje sirovog ekstrakta MycoSep kolonama ili kolonama samostalno
punjenim u našoj laboratoriji (CACC kolone). Nabrojani postupci su u potpunosti u skladu sa naĉinom
odreĊivanja u laboratorijama razvijenih zemalja.
U toku ovog istraţivaĉkog ciklusa analizirani su uzorci sakupljeni tokom 2005. (10) i 2006. (94) godine.
U analiziranim uzorcima kukuruza (10) roda 2005. godine utvrĊena je prisutnost DON-a od 30,0%. Ostali
analizirani uzorci pripadaju rodu 2006. godine, s tim da je znaĉajnija paţnja posvećena pšenici i kukuruzu
jer su ove ţitarice posebno osetljive na prisustvo Fusarium graminearum plesni koja najĉešće produkuje
DON. Analizirano je 34 uzorka pšenice i 21 uzorak kukuruza i utvrĊena je prisutnost DON-a u pšenici od
35,3% i kukuruzu od 38,1%. Niţa prisutnost je utvrĊena u 12 analiziranih uzoraka soje i sojinog griza
(30,0%) i veća prisutnost u 10 analiziranih uzoraka suncokreta i suncokretove saĉme (40,0%).
Maksimalno dozvoljene koncentracije preporuĉene od strane Evropske komisije su prekoraĉene u svega 2
uzorka.
U saradnji sa inostranim partnerom ispitano je i 14 izolata F. graminearum poreklom sa zrna pšenice.
Veštaĉka infekcija jednog genotipa pšenice (Monika) obavljena je kada je 50% klasova bilo u cvatnji što
je optimalno vreme za ostvarivanje zaraze. Klasovi su prskani suspenzijom micelija i spora (10000
spora/ml suspenzije) - svakih 40 klasova s 5 ml suspenzije. Da bi se osigurala dovoljna koliĉina vlage za
infekciju i poĉetni razvitak bolesti, klasove su pokriveni prozirnim PVC kesicama u trajanju 24 sata. U
punom zrenju klasovi su sakupljeni i ruĉno ovršeni te ĉuvani u friţideru. U kontrolnoj grupi postupak je u
celosti bio isti osim što su klasovi poprskani destilovanom vodom. Kod svih inokulisanih uzoraka pšenice
(14) je utvrĊena prisutnost DON-a (100%), osim u kontrolnoj grupi uzoraka (3).
Planirani cilj ovog istraţivaĉkog projekta je realizovan, što znaĉi da su dopunjeni podaci o prisutnosti i
sadrţaju deoksinivalenola na podruĉju Vojvodine. Naša istraţivanja nastavljamo, jer smatramo da je svaka
sledeća godina, odnosno ţetva doprinosi verodostojnijoj slici prisutnosti DON-a u našim usevima.




                                                                                                         47
48
TECHNICAL - TECHNOLOGICAL SCIENCES
   TEHNIČKO-TEHNOLOŠKE NAUKE




                                     49
Branko Škorić, Damir Kakaš, Tamara Novakov,
Faculty of Technical Sciences in Novi Sad
''Development of superhard nanocomposites''

       This research was focused on the manufacturing of nanocomposite nc-TiN/Si3N4 and the
subsequent characterization of this superhard nanocompsite materials. In the nanoindentation technique,
hardness and Young‟s modulus were determined by the Oliver and Pharr method. The nanoindentation
hardness of TiN film reaches a maximum over 40 Gpa.Nanocomposite coatings of nc-TiN/Si3N4 were
prepared by ion beam assisted deposition (IBAD). The sputtering was of Ti and Si targets and film
bombardment by N2+ ions at 1000 eV. Nanocrystals wias with grain size of several nanometers. The
nanocomposite deposition process exerts a number of effects such as crystallographic orientation,
morphology, topography, densification of the films. The substrate material used was high speed steel,
type S 6-5-2. Prior to deposition the substrate was mechanically polished to a surface roughnes of 0.12.
TiN film grown under ion beam assisted deposition has a (200) ) preferred orientation.

Reference:

1. K. Mogensen, N. Thomsen, S. Esikilden, C. Mathiasen and J.Bottiger, A parametric study of the
    microstructural, mechanical and tribological properties of PACVD TiN coatings, Surface and Coatings
    Technology 99(1998) 140.
2. W. Ensinger, Ion bombardment effects during deposition of nitride and metal films, Surface and
    Coatings Technology 99 (1998) 1.
3. J.C.A. Batista, C. Godoy, A. Matthews, A. Leyland,Process Developments Towards Producing Well
    Adherent Duplex PAPVD Coatings, Surface Engineering, 9(2003) 37.
4. D.Kakaš, B.Škoric, M.Rakita, T.Novakov, Application of IBAD technology and nanomodification of
    interface to produce new materials able to work in extreme working conditions, 4th Symposium with
    International Participation -Shape, Mechanical and Industrial Design of Products in Mechanical
    Engineering‟ - KOD 2006, 6 - 7. jun 2006, Palić, Srbija i Crna Gora p 329-332 full length paper.
5. D. Kakaš, B. Škorić, T. Novakov, L. Kovaĉević, A. Miletić, Nanomodification of metal materials, Skup
    Tesla, Septembar 2006. p37
6. Kakaš D, Škorić B, Novakov T, Kovaĉević L,Rakita M, Nanoimplantation of krypton into the surface
    layer of tool steels, 6th International Conference Research and Development in Mechanical
    Industry13 - 17. September 2006, Budva, Montenegro. p. 32-40
7. D. Kakaš, B. Škorić, T. Novakov, L. Kovaĉević, A. Miletić Tribološke karakteristike tin prevlake sa
    nanointerfejsom primenjene kod alatnog ĉelika za rad na hladno, 31. Savetovanje proizvodnog
    mašinstva Srbije i Crne Gore sa medjunarodnim uĉešćem, 19-21 Septembar 2006. p. 527-532,
8. B. Škorić, D. Kakaš, A. Miletić The modification of duplex coatings with nitrogen ion implantation,
    31. Savetovanje proizvodnog mašinstva Srbije i Crne Gore sa medjunarodnim uĉešćem, 19-21
    Septembar 2006. p. 533-538,
9. Škorić B, Favaro G, Kakaš D, Miletić A.: Characterization and nanohardness measurement of duplex
    hard coatings with additional ion implantation, International Conference on Superhard Coatings, Izrael,
    2006, p27
10. Škorić B, Favaro G, Kakaš D, Miletić A.: Nanoindentation technique for measuring nanohardness,
    Young‟s modul of thin film with nitrogen implantation, Euspen 6th International Conference of the
    European Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology, Austrija, 2006, p450-453
11. D. Kakaš, B. Škorić, T. Novakov, L. Kovaĉević, A. Miletić Laboratorija za termiĉku obradu i
    inţenjerstvo površina, Fakultet Tehniĉkih Nauka, Univerzitet Novi Sad, 50 godina srpske mikroskopije,
    monografija ISBN 86-7306-084-2 p.112-115, 2006,



                                                                                                       50
12. D. Kakaš, B Škorić, Modification of hard coatings, Joint UniS (University Surrey-England))-Vinĉa
    Workshop on Ion Beam Applications for Materials Modification and Analysis, 2 September 2006
    VINĈA Institute Of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade.
13. B, Škorić, G. Favaro, D. Kakas, and A. Miletić, Micro and nano characterization of thin film with N
    ions implanted surface, XXVI Conference on Solid state physicd and Material Science, Alexandria,
    2006, p77
14. Novakov T, Kakaš D, Vilotić M.: Nanomodification of Forming Tool Surface by Ion Implantation,
    Journal for Technology of Plasticity, FTN Novi Sad
15. Škorić B. Kakaš D, Favaro G, Miletić A Duplex hard coatimgs prepared by PVD and IBAD, Workshop
    on Surface Treatments and Coatings for Mechanical and Aeronautical Applications, 2007, Sevilla
    (Spain), mart-2007, u toku
16. Škorić B. Kakaš D,, Miletić, Favaro G, Tribological performance of duplex coating with ion
    implantation after treatment, European Conference on Tribology,ljubljana , 2007, prihvaćen rad za
    usmenu prezentaciju.


Branko Škorić, Damir Kakaš, Tamara Novakov,
Fakultet tehničkih nauka u Novom Sadu
''Razvoj super tvrdih nanokompozita''

Istraţivanje je fokusirano na razvoj nanokompozita nc-TiN/Si3N4 i naknadne karakterozacije ovog
supertvrdog nanokompozitnog materijala. U tehnici nano identacije, tvrdoća i Jangov modul elastiĉnosti se
odreĊuju sa Oliver-Far metodom. Nano merenje tfrdoće prevlake TiN je dostiglo tvcrdoćo od 40Gpa.
Nanokompozit nc-TiN/Si3N4 dobijen postupkom IBAD je trenutno na karakterizaciji. Pri dobijanju
nanokompozita isparavana je meta od Ti i Si uz istovremeno bombardovanje jonima azota N2+ , energije
1000eV- Nanokristalna zrba su veliĉine do nekoliko nanometara. Proces nano depozicije sadrţi veliki broj
parametara, kao što su kristalografska orijentacija, morfologija, topografija, gustina filam itd. Substrat je od
materijala: brzo rezni ĉelik S-6-5-2. Pre deponovanja substrat je mehaniĉki poliran na površinsku hrapavost
0,12. Rastući sloj TiN ima preferiranu orjentaciju (200).




                                                                                                            51
Miroslav Planĉak, Dragiša Vilotić, Ognjan Luţanin, Plavka Skakun, Mladomir Milutinović,
Faculty of Technical Sciences in Novi Sad
''Design of technology using low-budget Virtual Reality technologies''


The research on this project basically consisted of two parts. The first part encompassed investigation of
available literature resources on the subject of interest and analysis of gathered information. The second
part pertained to experimental work and was aimed at enhancing gestural interface of the commercially
available 5DT Ultra 5 dataglove. The primary goal of this enhancement was to allow its efficient use with
CAD software in the mechanical engineering domain of application.
The research was therefore focused on three main areas:
     Analysis of available references and literature was performed to obtain detailed insight into the
       state-of-the-art in the area of application of gestural interfaces in mechanical-engineering - namely,
       the application of VR datagloves as input devices in CAD systems and VR software applications.
     Software application to support gestural recognition of basic gestures was made for 5DT Ultra 5
       dataglove which was previously acquired and used in experiments. The application allowed use of
       a library of fifteen predefined gestures in order to manipulate virtual hand on-screen. Another
       software application was made which allows user to manipulate 6 degrees of freedom of a virtual
       cube on-screen.
     Software application was made which allows enhancement of the predefined gestural interface of
       5DT Ultra 5 dataglove. This application allows user to create gestures which are not only more
       symbolically meaningful, but also enhance ergonomics of dataglove, causing less fatigue to user‟s
       hand and increasing work efficiency in everyday CAD tasks.
     Enhancement of gesture recognition rate was realized through application of artificial intelligence,
       i.e. fuzzy logic and neural networks. Experiments with dataglove were made which allowed
       acquisition of a significant set of input data. The data were subsequently used to train neural
       network which allows gesture recognition to be performed more accurately and reliably as
       compared to the commercially available software support.
The results obtained so far show that 5DT Ultra 5 dataglove can be efficiently used with various VR and
CAD-related software applications. With the use of proper software support, the part of which was
developed within this project, this dataglove can be successfully used with various configurations of low-
budget VR workstations. This should entice a more wide-spread application of virtual technologies in both
academy and domestic industry.

Reference:

1. Luţanin, O., Planĉak, M., Vilotić, D.: Concept of a semi-immersive VR-CAD workstation, 31.
   Savetovanje proizvodnog mašinstva, Kragujevac, 19-21.09, 2006, pp.453-460 (in Serbian)
2. Planĉak.M.:Primena VR tehnologija u razvoju proizvoda i procesa, Seminar virtuelna proizvodnja-
   izazov za budućnost, Kragujevac, 12-13.03, 2007; Novi Sad 15-16.03, 2007, str. 122-131




                                                                                                          52
Miroslav Planĉak, Dragiša Vilotić, Ognjan Luţanin, Plavka Skakun, Mladomir Milutinović,
Fakultet tehničkih nauka u Novom Sadu
''Projektovanje tehnologije primenom niskobudţetskih tehnologija virtuelne stvarnosti''

Rad na ovom projektu u osnovi je sadrţao dva dela. Prvim delom obuhvaćen je pregled raspoloţive
literature koja se bavi predmetom istraţivanja, te analizom prikupljenih informacija. Drugi deo odnosio se
na eksperimentalni rad i bio je usmeren na usavršavanje gestovnog interfejsa komercijalno raspoloţive
instrument-rukavice 5DT Ultra 5 dataglove. Gestovni interfejs rukavice usavršen je sa prvenstvenim
ciljem da se omogući njena efikasna primena u okviru CAD softvera iz domena mašinstva.
U tom cilju, kroz istraţivanje je realizovano sledeće:
      Analiza raspoloţive literature, sa ciljem da se stekne podrobniji uvid u trenutno stanje na podruĉju
       primene gestovnih interfejsa u softverskim aplikacijama iz domena (proizvodnog) mašinstva,
       primene VR instrument-rukavica kao ulaznih ureĊaja u CAD i VR softverskim aplikacijama.
      Razvijena je softverska podrška za interpretaciju gestova, za rukavicu 5DT Ultra 5 koja je prethodno
       nabavljena radi korišćenja u eksperimentima. Ova softverska podrška je omogućila korišĉenje
       biblioteke od petnaest ,,fabriĉki definisanih“ gestova u cilju manipulacije modelom virtuelne šake na
       ekranu grafiĉke radne stanice. Razvijena je i softverska podrška koja korisniku instrument-rukavice
       omogućava da upravlja sa šest stepeni slobode kretanja modela virtuelne kocke na ekranu grafiĉke
       radne stanice.
      Razvijena je softverska podrška za unapreĊenje postojećih mogućnosti gestovnog interfejsa
       instrument-rukavice 5DT Ultra 5 dataglove. Ona omogućava korisniku rukavice da koristi skup
       novih gestova koji ne samo što su simboliĉki i mnemoniĉki smisleniji od postojećih, već i
       unapreĊuju ergonomiĉnost rukavice, budući da znatno manje zamaraju ruku i povišavaju efikasnost
       izvršavanja svakodnevnih zadataka u okviru CAD aplikacije.
      Poboljšano je prepoznavanje gestova upotrebom rukavice, primenom elemenata veštaĉke
       inteligencije, odnosno, fazi logike i neuronskih mreţa. Realizovani su eksperimenti sa rukavicom u
       kojima je generisana znaĉajna koliĉina ulaznih podataka (gestova). Ovi podaci su iskorišćeni za
       obuĉavanje neuronske mreţe koja omogućava pouzdaniju interpretaciju gestova u poreĊenju sa
       komercijalno raspoloţivom softverskom podrškom za navedeni tip rukavice.
Do sada dobijeni rezultati ukazuju na to da instrument-rukavica 5DT Ultra 5 moţe biti efikasno korišćena
sa razliĉitim VR i CAD softverskim aplikacijama. Primenom adekvatne softverske podrške, koja je delom
razvijena i u okviru ovog projekta, ova rukavica moţe biti uspešno korišćena i sa razliĉitim
konfiguracijama niskobudţetnih VR radnih stanica. To bi bio jedan od naĉina da se podstakne masovnija
upotreba virtuelnih tehnologija, kako u okviru univerzitetskih, istraţivaĉkih ustanova, tako i u domaćoj
industrijskoj praksi.




                                                                                                         53
Radomir Folić, ĐorĊe LaĊinović, Zoran Brujić,
Faculty of Technical Sciences in Novi Sad
”Estimation of seismic resistance of existing building structures”

Building structure has adequate earthquake resistance if its supply limit capacity exceeds, within certain
margin of safety, seismic demands in the case of severe earthquakes. For the rational aseismic design of
building structures, a procedure is needed which would yield an adequate estimate of seismic demands in
terms of structural stiffness, strength, ductility and energy dissipa-tion. The basic structural parameters
contributing to the inelastic seismic response of building structures are identified and their influences are
demonstrated. The existing seismic design proce-dures cannot provides an adequate inspection of damage
level of building structures in quantitative terms. It is demonstrated that the design based on force-
reduction factor results in nonuniform risk, thus two different buildings designed to the same code and
with the same force-reduction or ductility factors may experience different levels of damage under a given
earthquake. The basic concept for damage-based design of earthquake resistant structures that includes
cumulative dam-age effects due to the dissipation of hysteretic energy is briefly explained.

Reference:

1. LaĊinović Đ., Folić. R.: Ductility demands of building structures subjected to ground motions
   representing design earthquake, First European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and
   Seismology, Geneva, Switzerland, 3-8 Sept. 2006, Paper Number 453, pp. 1-10.
2. Folić R.: State and trends in earthquake engineering – new and existing structures, YuASE, 12th
   Congress, Vrnjaĉka Banja, 27-29. September 2006., U-7, pp. 115-130 (in Serbian).
3. LaĊinović Đ., Alendar V.: Estimate of seismic demands for performance-based design of structures,
   YuASE, 12th Congress, Vrnjaĉka Banja, 27-29. September 2006., U-8, str. 131-142 (in Serbian).




                                                                                                          54
Radomir Folić, ĐorĊe LaĊinović, Zoran Brujić,
Fakultet tehničkih nauka u Novom Sadu
"Procena seizmičke otpornosti konstrukcija postojećih zgrada"

Konstrukcija poseduje zadovoljavajuću seizmiĉku otpornost samo pod uslovom da njen graniĉni kapacitet,
uz odreĊenu rezervu kao meru sigurnosti, prevazilazi seizmiĉke zahteve pri dejstvu jakih zemljotresa. Za
racionalno projektovanje seizmiĉki otpornih konstrukcija potrebno je koristiti postupke proraĉuna koji
omogućuju dovoljno dobar uvid u veliĉinu svih seizmiĉkih zahteva – krutost, nosivost, duktilnost i
disipaciju energije. Prikazan je uticaj osnovnih parametara konstrukcije od kojih zavisi njen seizmiĉki
odgovor pri dejstvu stvarnih zemljotresa. Postojeći postupci za seizmiĉku analizu konstrukcija ne daju
uvid u moguću veliĉinu oštećenja pri dejstvu zemljotresa. Pokazano je da aktuelni koncept seizmiĉke
zaštite ne obezbeĊuje ujednaĉeni (uniformni) rizik, jer konstrukcije koje su projektovane prema istim
propisima, mogu imati razliĉito ponašanje i razliĉit stepen oštećenja u toku istog zemljotresa. Ukratko je
objašnjen novi postupak projektovanja seizmiĉki otpornih konstrukcija koji se zasniva na proceni
oštećenja, pri ĉemu su obuhvaćeni i nepovoljni efekti akumulacije neelastiĉnih deformacija.




                                                                                                       55
Biserka Vujiĉić, Ljubo Vraĉar, Aleksandra Tepić, Marija Jokanović, Slobodan Tojagić, Zoran Zeković,
Sonja Đilas, Vesna Tumbas, Gordana Ćetković, Jasna Ĉanadanović-Brunet,
Faculty of Technology in Novi Sad
''Features of ground pepper oleoresins obtained by classical and supercritical fluid extraction with
CO2''

Extractions of ground pepper by conventional (Soxhlet) and supercritical carbon-dioxide at 150, 200, 300
and 400 bars were done. In the oleoresins derived, the extractable colour was measured by ASTA 20
method.
In order to define antioxidant activities by electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy and spin trapping
methods, the influence of different concentrations (100-500 mg/ml) of ground pepper extracts on the
development and transformations of reactive peroxy-radicals arised during sunflower oil oxydation in the
presence of azo-initiator 4,4'-azobis(4-cyanovalerianic acid) (ACVA) was investigated.
In order to reveal the carotenoid profile and fatty acid composition of paprika oleoresins, carotenoid and
fatty acid standards were obtained, and the fatty acid compositions of extracts have been examined so far.
Within the scope of this project, one MSc thesis ("Heat treatment infuence on ground pepper quality") was
done, and two PhD thesis ("Biochemical aspects of ground pepper (Capsicum annuum) ripening" - Ţarko
Kevrešan, MSc; "Characteristics of ground pepper oleoresins obtained by conventional and supercritical
fluid extraction with carbon-dioxide" - Aleksandra Tepić, MSc) are being put into practice.
Foreign partner gave the review of paprika and paprika product application, with the actual state at the
paprika and it's extracts market in Bosnia and Hercegovina. Also, the analysis of valid Bosnian and
European regulations, as well as the listing of concerns dealing with packing and distribution was done.

Reference:

1. Vraĉar, Lj., Vujiĉić, B., Tepić, A., Šolaja, S.: Influence of the heat treatment on the colour of ground
   pepper, Acta Periodica Technologica, 38 (2007) - in press




                                                                                                        56
Biserka Vujiĉić, Ljubo Vraĉar, Aleksandra Tepić, Marija Jokanović, Slobodan Tojagić, Zoran Zeković,
Sonja Đilas, Vesna Tumbas, Gordana Ćetković, Jasna Ĉanadanović-Brunet,
Tehnološki fakultet u Novom Sadu
''Karakteristike oleorizina mlevene začinske paprike dobijenog klasičnom i ekstrakcijom
superkritičnim ugljen-dioksidom''

U dosadašnjim istraţivanjima uraĊene su ekstrakcije oleorizina mlevene zaĉinske paprike po Soxhlet-u
(klasiĉna) i superkritiĉnom ekstrakcijom ugljen-dioksidom na pritiscima 150, 200, 300 i 400 bar-a. U
dobijenim oleorizinima odreĊena je ukupna ekstrahovana boja metodom ASTA 20.
U cilju definisanja antioksidativne aktivnosti primenom elektron spin rezonantne (ESR) spektroskopije i
"spin trapping" metode ispitan je uticaj razliĉitih koncentracija (100-500mg/ml) dobijenih ekstrakata
paprike na nastajanje i transformaciju reaktivnih peroksi-radikala nastalih tokom oksidacije suncokretovog
ulja u prisustvu azo-inicijatora 4,4'-azobis(4-cijanovalerijanske kiseline) (ACVA). Najbolju
antioksidativnu aktivnost pokazao je ekstrakt paprike dobijen ekstrakcijom superkritiĉnim ugljen-
dioksidom pri pritisku od 150 bar-a.
U cilju otkrivanja profila karotenoida i masnokiselinskog sastava oleorizina zaĉinske paprike, nabavljeni
su standardi masnih kiselina i karotenoida (kapsantin, β-kriptoksantin, kantaksantin, 8'-β-apo-karotenal).
U uzorcima je uraĊen masnokiselinski sastav.
Odbranjen je diplomski rad pod naslovom "Uticaj termiĉke obrade na kvalitet mlevene zaĉinske paprike".
Prijavljene su dve doktorske disertacije: "Biohemijski aspekti sazrevanja zaĉinske paprike (Capsicum
annuum)" (Mr Ţarko Kevrešan) i "Karakteristike oleorizina mlevene zaĉinske paprike dobijenog
klasiĉnom i ekstrakcijom superkritiĉnim ugljen-dioksidom" (Mr Aleksandra Tepić).
Strani partner je dao pregled primene paprike i proizvoda od paprike u BiH sa postojećim stanjem na
trţištu mlevene zaĉinske paprike i ekstrakta u njihovoj zemlji. UraĊena je analiza vaţećih bosanskih i
evropskih propisa, kao i pregled firmi koje se bave pakovanjem i distribucijom paprike.




                                                                                                       57
Jaroslava Budinski-Simendić, ragoslav Stoiljković, Radmila Radiĉević,
Faculty of Technology in Novi Sad
''Development and Structure Design of Polymeric materials''

In the theoretical part of investigation the mechanism and simulation of Ziegler–Natta polymerizations are
presented and discussed on the basis of a charge percolation mechanism. In experimental part concerning
the composites based on reinforced ethylene-propylene-diene terpolymer it was estimated that the basic
polymer in combination with a proper selection of filler, oil, and blowing agent are the key criteria to
produce a sponge body seal fulfilling the advanced materials demands in the automotive, electrical and
construction industries. The dynamical mechanical multifrequency analysis confirmed the appreciable
changes in the viscoelastic properties by increasing the content of carbon black nano particles, which
could enable tailoring the properties to suit various damping applications.

Reference:

1.    Pilić B, Stoiljković D., Bakoĉević I., Jovanović S., Panić D., Korugić- Karasz Lj., "Charge
      percolation mechanism and simulation of Ziegler-Natta polymerization. Part III. Oxidation states of
      transition metals", J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 71 (4) 357-372 (2006)
2.    Pilić B., Stoiljković D., Bakoĉević I., Jovanović S., Panić D., Korugić-Karasz Lj., "Polymer
      structure prediction by computer simulation of Ziegler-Natta polymerization based on charge
      percolation mechanism", Mater. Sci. Forum, Vol. 518 (July 2006) 381- 386
3.    Stoiljković D., Pilić B., Bulajić M., Đurasović N., Ostrovskii N., The charge percolation mechanism
      and simulation of Ziegler-Natta polymerizations. Part VI. Mechanism of ethylene polymerization by
      supported chromium oxide, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., (u štampi)
4.    Stoiljković D., Pilić B., Bulajić M., Đurasović N., Ostrovskii N., The charge percolation mechanism
      and simulation of Ziegler-Natta polymerizations.Part VII. Effects of chromium active centers
      distribution on silica on ethylene polymerization, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., (u štampi)
5.    J. Budinski-Simendić, M. Špirkova, K. Dušek, T. Dikić, R. Radiĉević, S. PrenĊov, I. Krakovsky, M.
      Ilavsky, “The Properties of Dangling Chain Networks Prepared by Cyclotrimerization of Telechelic
      Diisocyanates, Materials Science Forum, Vol. 518, (2006) 399-404.
6.    N. Lazić, J. Budinski Simendić, Z. S. Petrović, M. B. Plavšić, “Modification of Dynamic Properties
      of the SBR Rubber Composites with Silica Fillers“, Materials Science Forum, Vol. 518, (2006) 417-
      422.
7.    J. Budinski-Simendić, M. Ilavsky, J. Šomvarsky, M. Špirkova, Lj. Korugić-Karasz, R. Radiĉević, T.
      Dikić and K. Dušek, Rubber Elasticity Study of Polyurethane Networks Prepared by
      Cyclotrimerisation Crosslinking Reaction of Isocyanate Groups, Materials Science Forum, Vol. 555,
      (2007) 495-500
8.    Pilić B, Stoiljković D, Bakoĉević I, Jovanović S, Panić D, Korugić- Karasz Lj, "Charge percolation
      mechanism and simulation of Ziegler-Natta polymerization. Part III. Oxidation states of transition
      metals", J. Serb. Chem. Soc, 71 (4) 357-372 (2006)
9.    Pilić B, Stoiljković D, Bakoĉević I, Jovanović S, Panić D, Korugić-Karasz Lj, "Polymer structure
      prediction by computer simulation of Ziegler-Natta polymerization based on charge percolation
      mechanism", Mater. Sci. Forum, Vol. 518 (July 2006) 381- 386
10.   Stoiljković D, Pilić B, Bulajić M, Đurasović N, Ostrovskii N, The charge percolation mechanism
      and simulation of Ziegler-Natta polymerizations. Part VI. Mechanism of ethylene polymerization by
      supported chromium oxide, J. Serb. Chem. Soc, (u štampi)
11.   Stoiljković D, Pilić B, Bulajić M, Đurasović N, Ostrovskii N, The charge percolation mechanism
      and simulation of Ziegler-Natta polymerizations.Part VII. Effects of chromium active centers
      distribution on silica on ethylene polymerization, J. Serb. Chem. Soc, (u štampi)


                                                                                                       58
12.   J. Budinski-Simendić, M. Špirkova, K. Dušek, T. Dikić, R. Radiĉević, S. PrenĊov, I. Krakovsky, M.
      Ilavsky, “The Properties of Dangling Chain Networks Prepared by Cyclotrimerization of Telechelic
      Diisocyanates, Materials Science Forum, Vol. 518, (2006) 399-404.
13.   N. Lazić, J. Budinski Simendić, Z. S. Petrović, M. B. Plavšić, “Modification of Dynamic Properties
      of the SBR Rubber Composites with Silica Fillers“, Materials Science Forum, Vol. 518, (2006) 417-
      422.
14.   J. Budinski-Simendić, M. Ilavsky, J. Šomvarsky, M. Špirkova, Lj. Korugić-Karasz, R. Radiĉević, T.
      Dikić and K. Dušek, Rubber Elasticity Study of Polyurethane Networks Prepared by
      Cyclotrimerisation Crosslinking Reaction of Isocyanate Groups, Materials Science Forum, Vol. 555,
      (2007) 495-500.
15.   Stoiljković D, "Aktuelnost Boškovićeve »Teorije prirodne filozofije svedene na jedan jedini zakon
      sila koje postoje u prirodi«", Vasiona, 53(2-3)77-87(2005), izdato 2006. g.
16.   Stoiljković D, "Saţimanje materije - Odjeci Boškovićevih shvatanja u teoriji Savić-Kašanin",
      Vasiona, 53 (4) 178-184 (2005) , izdato 2006. g.
17.   Stoiljković D, Damjanović B, ĐorĊević J, Špehar D, Jovanović S, "Compressed ethylene phase
      states and its importance for production of low density polyethylene", Hemijska industrija, 60 (11-
      12) (2006) 283-286.
18.   Stoiljković D, "Makromolekulska hipoteza RuĊera Boškovića", Svet polimera, 9 (5), (2006) 225-
      230.
19.   19. Budinski-Simendić J, Milić J, Cvetković I, Radiĉević R, Korugić-Karasz Lj, Vukov M,
      Marković D, “Uticaj punila na svojstva elastomernih materijala na bazi poli(etilen-ko-propilen-ko-2-
      etiliden-5-norbornen) kauĉuka“, Hemijska industrija, 60 (11-12), (2006) 321-326.

Jaroslava Budinski-Simendić, ragoslav Stoiljković, Radmila Radiĉević,
Tehnološki fakultet u Novom Sadu
''Projektovanje strukture polimernih materijala''

U okviru projektovanja strukture i svojstava poliolefina rezultati istraţivanja obuhvataju: (a) Razvoj
metode predskazivanja strukture polimera kompjuterskom simulacijom Ziegler-Natta polimerizacije, (b)
Objašnjenje promene oksidacionog stanja prelaznog metala i njen znaĉaj za polimerizaciju olefina, (c)
Postavljen je novi mehanizam polimerizacije etilena pomoću oksida hroma nanetom na nosaĉu, te je
primenom istog objašnjen uticaj raspodele aktivnih centara hroma na SiO2 na polimerizaciju etilena, što je
od znaĉaja za HIP-Petrohemiju (Panĉevo), (d) Objašnjenje znaĉaja Boškovićeve teorije prirodne filozofije
za nauku o polimerima sa primerima o polimerizaciji olefina, (e) Objašnjenje znaĉaja faznih stanja
komprimovanog etilena za industrijsku proizvodnju polietilena niske gustine, (f) Iz oblasti projektovanja
strukture kompozitnih materijala na bazi poliolefina istraţivan je uticaj nano ĉestica aktivnog punila ĉaĊi
na ojaĉanje elastomera na bazi poli(etilen-ko-propilen-2-etiliden-5-norbornena) za zaptivne materijale u
automobilskoj industriji. UraĊena su obimna eksperimentalna istraţivanja viskoelastiĉnih svojstava
dinamiĉko-mehaniĉko analizom i termiĉka stabilnost elastomera na bazi razliĉitih tipova kauĉuka.




                                                                                                        59
Janko Hodoliĉ, Velimir Todić, Miodrag Stević, Igor Budak, Aco Antić, ĐorĊe Vukelić, Miodrag
Milošević, Dejan Lukić,
Faculty of Technical Sciences in Novi Sad
''Design and manufacturing of products on the principles of Reverse Engineering''

Within the second year of research, all activities planned in application are realized. This activities mainly
comprised development and verification of some modules of the system for development and
manufacturing of products on the principles of Reverse Engineering (that is more detail described within
the report for the first research year):
1. Detail analysis of the 3D-digitization systems, with special focus on hardware and software structures,
application flexibility (for laboratory and external usage), as well as on cost/performance relation, have
been carried out.
2. Module for the pre-processing of data-points (from 3D-digitization systems) based on own original
software solution, has been developed. Verification of this module is done on data-points obtained from
3D-digitization systems "Renishaw - Cyclon II" (from the Mechanical Faculty in Ljubljana, Slovenia) and
"MicroScribe X - Immersion" (from the Mechanical Faculty in Tuzla, BIH).
3. Module for the surface and solid CAD model reconstruction from digitized data-points has been
developed. This module is based on specialized software for this purpose - Pro/SCANTOOLS. This
module is verified on data-points pre-processed in the previous module.
4. Module for automated design of technological processes has been developed and is based on original
software solution. This module is initially tested on one part created in Pro/SCANTOOLS, and the full
verification is planned during the third research year.
5. Work on module for automated generation of control programme for CNC machine-tools, has been
started. Within this work, two specialized software for this purpose - - Pro/MFG and MASTERCAM,
have been analyzed and tested (on the level of simulation). This module is planned to be fully verified
during the third research year, through the manufacturing of one test part on CNC machine-tool.
6. Module for measuring and verification is also conceptualized, and consists of two sub modules: - sub
module for automated generation of control programme for CMM and – submodule for inspection of parts
with complex geometry. Finalizations and verification of this module are planned in 3rd research year.

Reference:
1.   Hodoliĉ J., Matin, I., Vukelić Đ., Antić, A.: Using Compex Surfaces for Cor and Cavity Design of
     Mold, Proceedings, 8th International Scientific Conference "New Ways in Manufacturing
     Technologies 2006", , pp 299-302, Presov, Slovak Republik, 2006., ISBN 80-8073-554-09
2.   Budak, I., Hodoliĉ, J., Stević, M., Antić, A., Vukelić, Đ.: Development of the model of the system
     for product design and manufacturing on the principles of Reverse Engineering, 9th International
     scientific conference MMA 2006 – Flexible technologies, pp85-86, Novi Sad, 2006, ISBN 86-85211-96-4
3.   Hodoliĉ, J., Vukelić, Đ., Matin, I., Miladinov, Ţ.: Using free-form surfaces for Reverse Engineering
     CAD modeling of the parts, 9th International scientific conference MMA‟2006 – Flexible
     technologies, pp 91-92, , Novi Sad, 2006, ISBN 86-85211-96-4
4.   Stević, M., Hodoliĉ, J.: Development of the general model and proposition for software solution for
     determining correction factor of measuring error, 10th International Research/Expert Conference,
     Trends in the Development of Machinery and Associated Technology, TMT 2006, pp. 577-580, 11-
     15 Septembar, Barselona-Lloret de Mar, Spain, 2006.
5.   Vukelić, Đ., Hodoliĉ, J.: System for computer aided modular fixtures design, The Journal of
     Manufacturing Engineering, Technical University of Košice - Faculty of Manufacturing
     Technologies, vol. 2, No 5/2006, ISSN 1335-7972, pp. 35-42, Slovakia, 2006.
6.   Stević, M., Hodoliĉ, J., Vreĉić, T.: Application of the QC10 BALLBAR system, 9th International
     scientific conference MMA‟2006 – Flexible technologies, pp 51/52, Novi Sad, 2006, ISBN 86-
     85211-96-4
                                                                                                           60
7.   Lukić, D., Todić, V., Milošević, M., Kovaĉić, S.: Some aspects to the automation of product design
     and process planning with Pro/E, The 8th International Symposium - Young People and Multi-
     disciplinary Research Romania-Serbia and Montenegro-Hungary 2006, Timisoara, Romania, 2006.
8.   Lukić, D., Todić, V., Milošević M.: Automation of process planning for manufacturing of type parts
     for plastic injection molds, Proceedings of the 31st Conference on production engineering of Serbia
     and Montenegro with foreign participants, pp 493-498., Kragujevac, 2006.
9.   Stević, M.; Hodoliĉ, J; Budak, I.: Correction of Measuring errors in CMMs, Modern Metrology in
     Quality Management System - CEEPUS Science Report, Kielce: Kielce University of Technology,
     2006, pp. 245- 256, ISBN 978-83-88906-66-4.
10. Antić, A., Hodoliĉ. J., Soković. M.: Development of an Intelligent System for Tool Wear
     Monitoring Applying Neural Networks, Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing
     Engineering, Vol. 14, ISSUE 1-2, pp 146-151, Poland, 2006, ISSN 1734-8412
Master thesis:
Lukic, D.: Development of the System for Automated Process Planning for Plastic Injection Moulds‟
Manufacturing, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Novi Sad, February 2007.

Janko Hodoliĉ, Velimir Todić, Miodrag Stević, Igor Budak, Aco Antić, ĐorĊe Vukelić, Miodrag
Milošević, Dejan Lukić,
Fakultet tehničkih nauka u Novom Sadu
''Razvoj i izrada proizvoda na principima reverzibilnog inţenjerstva''

U okviru 2. godine istraţivanja na projektu realizovane su sve planom prijave predviĊene aktivnosti, koje
su u najvećem delu obuhvatale razvoj i verifikaciju pojedinih modula opšteg modela sistema za razvoj i
izradu proizvoda na principima reverzibilnog inţenjerstva (koji je detaljnije i opisan u izveštaju za prvu
godinu istraţivanja):
1. Izvršena je detaljna analiza sistema za 3D-digitalizaciju, i to njihova hardverska i softverska struktura,
mogućnosti i prilagodjivost za rad u razliĉitim radnim uslovima (laboratorijski i terenski rad), kao i
procena odnosa cena/performanse.
2. Razvijen je modul za pre-procesiranje podataka-taĉaka (generisanih 3D-digitalizacijom) koga ĉini
sopstveno, originalno, softversko rešenje za pre-procesiranje podataka-taĉaka. Sprovedena je i verifikacija
istog na podacima-taĉkama generisanim sa 3D-digitajzera "Renishaw - Cyclon II" (na Mašinskom
fakultetu iz Ljubljane, Slovenija) i "MicroScribe - Immersion" (na Mašinskom fakultetu u Tuzli i
Tehniĉkom univerzitetu u Bratislavi).
3. Razvijen je modul za rekonstrukciju površinskih i solid CAD modela iz skeniranih podataka-taĉaka,
baziran na specijalizovanom softveru za rekonstrukciju CAD modela iz skeniranih podataka-taĉaka -
Pro/SCANTOOLS. Sprovedena je i verifikacija ovog modula kroz primenu na preprocesiranim podacima-
taĉkama primenom sopstvenog softverskog rešenja iz prethodne taĉke.
4. Realizovan je modul za projektovanje tehnoloških procesa (TP) u okviru kojeg je razvijeno sopstveno
programsko rešenje za automatizovano projektovanje TP ĉija je inicijalna verifikacija sprovedena na delu
modeliranom primenom Pro/SCANTOOLS-a a puna primena se planira u trećoj istraţivaĉkoj godini.
5. Zapoĉet je rad na modulu za automatizovano generisanje upravljaĉkih programa za obradu, u okviru
kojeg su analizirani i testirani (na nivou simulacija) specijalizovani softveri za ovu namenu - Pro/MFG i
MASTERCAM. Puna primena ovog modula, koja će obuhvatiti praktiĉnu verifikaciju kroz izradu delova
na CNC obradnom centru, je predviĊena u trećoj istraţivaĉkoj godini.
6. Koncipiran je i modul za merenje i verifikaciju, u okviru kojeg je zapoĉet razvoj dva podsistema, i to: -
podsistema za automatizovano generisanje upravljaĉkih programa za NUMM i - podsistema za CAD-
inspekciju delova sa sloţenom geometrijom. Finalizacija i verifikacija ovog modula su predviĊeni u 3.
istraţivaĉkoj godini.



                                                                                                          61
 Miloš Tešić, Bratislav Tošić, Milan Martinov, Ljubomir Gerić, Miladin Brkić, Todor Janić, Vjekoslav
 Sajfert, ĐerĊ Šefĉić,
 Academy of Sciences and Arts of Vojvodina in Novi Sad
 ''Development of a complex of technical and legal norms for the usage of biomas as an energy
 resource – with special emphasis on biogas''

- Proposals for new regulations in Serbia were made. A text was drafted regarding the recommendation on
  “Basic technical requirements for the link-up of small power plants to the main power grid“ which could
  become state regulation if approved by domestic electric companies and the Ministry of Mining and
  Energy. Of special importance are contributions in following chapters: Documentation and link-up
  approval for small power plants, First link-up of small power plants to main power grid, Operation, Link-
  up diagrams for small power plants.
- Other legal acts and regulations were prepared, while some proposals were accepted by the Serbian
  government in January 2007 as part of preparation for wider use of renewable energy Sources.
- The participants on this project, in co-operation with Universitz of applied Sciences (Fachhochschule
  Ulm/Germany), organized «Joint Workshop on Geothermal and Biomass Energy for Countries along the
  Danube» at the Faculty of Technical Sciences in Novi Sad, May 2006. Paper contributors were from
  Hungary, Slovakia, Croatia, Germany and Serbia, while the papers in English are on CD.
- Since at the moment there are no operational biogas plants in Serbia, foreign experience is very important.
  Numerous contacts were established with colleagues from institutes and firms in Austria, Germany,
  Hungary and Slovakia, which were partners on this project.
- Thanks to his affirmation through presentation of project results to wider public, the project leader took
  part in important activities at home and abroad regarding advancement of use of renewable energy
  resources.
- The work on this project emphasized the need for special researchers. This resulted in hiring of one
  assistant researcher for Renewable Energy Sources (RES) at the Faculty of Technical Sciences (at present
  the only one in this subject area at the University). The funding was provided through AP Voivodina
  program “400 researchers on the road to European integrations“ with the ultimate goal to produce a
  university professor for the subject of RES.
- Within this project, nanostructures were also in focus, effects of auto reduction of current carriers in
  quantum beams, mechanical oscillations in a thin film, distribution of thermal energy in green- houses and
  foil green-houses and possibilities to amplify intensity of polarized light passing through polyethylene
  foil.

 Reference:
 1.   Tešić, M., Bukurov Maša, Šefĉić, Đ., Đatkov, Đ., Adamović, D., Arsenov, O., Nikolić, M.,
      Molnar, E., Karastanković Zorka i Ivana Jocić (2006):Biogas plants in Vojvodina.
      Proceedings CD «Joint workshop of Geothermal and Biomass Energy Sources for Countries along
        the Danube», Faculty of Technical Sciences, Novi Sad
 2.   Martinov, M., Tešić, M., Brkić, M. (2006): Efficiency and Emission of Solid Biomass Combustion
      Facilities in Serbia - Status and Needed Measures for Improvement, Thermal Science 10(4): 189-194
 3.   Martinov, M., Tešić, M.. Ros, V., Konstantinović, M. (2006): Study of self-supply possibilities of
      biomass energy in a Pannonian village. CIGR World Congress: Agricultural Eengineering for Better
      World, Bonn. Book of Abstracts, 765-766.
 4.   Martinov, M., Tešić, M and M. Ilić (2006): Latest developments of RES Policy, Implementation and
      Planning in Serbia. Third Workshop «Data Gatering for the New Member States and Candidate
      Countries on Renewable Energies»- European Commission Directorate General JRC Joint Research
      Centre, Institute for Enviroment and Sustainabillity. Bruxelles-Cavtat,
 5.   Gvozdenac, G., Ćirić, R., Tešić, M. (2006): Basic directions of technological development of AP
      Voivodina. Subject area: Energy efficiency and renewable energy resources. Section: Renewable
                                                                                                          62
     energy resources. Faculty of Technical Sciences, Institute of power engineering and environmental
     engineering, Novi Sad. pp 14-39
6.   Tešić M, Filipović D. (2007): Programme for implementation of energy development strategy of the
     Republic of Serbia – Section for Voivodina, Module 13, New and renewable energy resources -
     biomas and biogas, Secretariat for Energy and Mineral Resources, Executive Council of AP
     Voivodina.
7.   Vjekoslav Sajfert, Nikola Bucalović, Ljiljana Mašković, Bratislav Tošić, Electrons in thin films,
     Czechoslovak Journal of Physics, 56, 253-266 (2006)
8.   Dušan Popov, Vjekoslav Sajfert, Bratislav Tošić, Thermodynamic and Kinetic Properties of
     Mechanical oscillations in Thin Films, In.J.Mod.Phys. B, 20, 3507-3532 (2006)
9.   B.S. Tošić, J.P.Šetrajĉić, V. Sajfert, S.M.Vuĉenović, D.Lj.Mirjanić, S.K. Jaćimovski, Mechanical
     Oscillations and Charge Carriers in Nanostructures, Materials Science Forum, 518, 47-50 (2006)

Miloš Tešić, Bratislav Tošić, Milan Martinov, Ljubomir Gerić, Miladin Brkić, Todor Janić, Vjekoslav
Sajfert, ĐerĊ Šefĉić,
VojvoĎanska akademija nauka i umetnosti u Novom Sadu
''Razvoj kompleksa tehničkih i pravnih propisa za korišćenje biomase kao energenta, a posebno
biogasa''

- Svi predviĊeni ciljevi u prethodnoj godini su realizovani.
- UraĊen je tekst preporuke «Osnovni tehniĉki zahtevi za prikljuĉenje malih elektrana na mreţu
  elektrodistribucije» koji bi nakon razmatranja u elektrodistributivnim preduzećima i ministarstvu
  rudarstva i energetike, mogao da preraste u drţavni propis. Posebno su znaĉajni sadrţaji u poglavljima
  Dokumentacija i elektroenergetska saglasnost za prikljuĉenje male elektrane na mreţu
  elektrodistribucije, Prvo prikljuĉenje male elektrane na mreţu elektrodistribucije, Pogon male elektrane,
  Šeme prikljuĉenja male elektrane na mreţu elektrodisribucije. Na osnovu ovoga dokumenta budućim
  investitorima, bez obzira na primarni energetski resurs – biomasa, vetar, biogas, sunce - rešavaju se
  dileme koje bi imali kada budu ţeleli da svoju elektranu prikljuĉe na elektrodistributivnu mreţu.
- RaĊeno je i na pripremi drugih pravnih i tehniĉkih akata i propisa, a neke predloge je vlada Srbije
  januara 2007. već usvojila pripremajući uslove za šire korišćenje obnovljivih izvora energije.
- Uĉesnici ovoga projekta organizovali su, zajedno sa Fachhochschule Ulm/Nemaĉka, «Joint Workshop
  on Geothermal and Biomass Energy for Countries along the Danube» na Fakultetu tehniĉkih nauka u
  Novom Sadu, maja 2006. Referenti su bili iz MaĊarske, Slovaĉke, Hrvatske, Nemaĉke i Srbije, a referati
  na engleskom su na CD.
- Pošto u Srbiji ne funkcioniše ni jedno biogas postrojenje veliki znaĉaj dat je prenošenju iskustava iz
  inostranstva od onih koji se time duţe bave. Ostvareni su brojni kontakti i razmena informacija u Srbiji,
  Austriji, Nemaĉkoj, MaĊarskoj, Slovaĉkoj, sa kolegama iz inostranih instituta i preduzeća koji su
  partneri na ovome projektu.
- Zahvaljujući afirmaciji steĉenoj prikazom u javnosti rezultata rada na ovome projektu rukovodilac
  projekta je uĉestvovao u znaĉajnim aktivnostima u zemlji i inostranstvu u oblasti unapreĊenja korišćenja
  obnovljivih izvora energije.
- Kroz rad na ovome projektu uoĉena je potreba, pa je kroz program Izvršnog veća AP Vojvodine «400
  istraţivaĉa za put ka evropskim integracijama» na Fakultetu tehniĉkih nauka zaposlen (kao prvi u toj
  oblasti na Univerzitetu) istraţivaĉ pripravnik za oblast «Obnovljivi izvori energije», sa ţeljom da
  vremenom sazri do nastavnika Univerziteta za tu oblast.
- U okviru ovoga projekta raĊena je i tema iz oblasti nanostruktura, pa su ispitivani i efekti autoredukcije
  nosilaca struje u kvantnim gredama, mehaniĉke oscilacije u tankom filmu, distribucija toplotne energije
  u staklenicima i plastenicima i mogućnosti pojaĉanja intenziteta polarizovane svetlosti pri njenom
  propuštanju kroz polietilenske folije.


                                                                                                         63
Dušanka Pejin, Marija Šarić, Jovan Jakovljević, Jasna Gvozdenović, Stevan Popov, Vera Lazić, Olga
Jovanović, Biljana Pajin, Gavrilo Tanović, Siniša Dodić, Aleksandar Fišteš, Jelena Dodić, Vesna Vasić,
Faculty of Technology in Novi Sad
''Evaluation of Wheat Qality and Wheat Products Intended for Use in the Republic of Serbia, the
Autonomous Province of Vojvodina and the Republic of Macedonia in Comparison with the Quality
Model According to the EU Standards''

The results regarding the quality performance of pure varieties of Triticum aestivum (63 samples)
recorded during two-year trials were processed. Using the analysis of variance, ratios of individual
physico-chemical, biochemical, rheology, and bakery parameters to the corresponding levels of
technology groups were determined.
The performance of Macedonian wheat varieties (T. aestivum, triticale) during two-year trials was also
determined with regard to the chemical, biochemical, rheology, and bakery parameters
The varieties of T. durum that performed splitting due to environmental and genotype influences were
analyzed. The yellow pigment content, milling properties, semolina yield, and pasta quality were
determined.
Wheat samples from the experiment on the irrigation microclimate were contaminated with field moulds.
The moulds were isolated, and their toxicity as well as impact on the biological and technological quality
of bread was determined
The Macedonian partners performed the electroforetic analyses of the complete sample sets for T.
aestivum, and T. durum.
Considering the application of flour, the quality of tea biscuits depending on the characteristics of the
flour samples originating from three wheat varieties: Kantata, Marta, and Dragana was determined and
compared to the performance of tailor-made flours commonly used in confectionery industry.The tea
biscuits made from flour obtained from Marta variety were scored highest).
The suitability of variety Kantata for bioethanol production was investigated. The highest yields of
bioethanol were obtained for the sample from Vrbas locality
Bioethanol was successfully produced from triticale, hybrid made from crossing wheat and rye. They have
native amylolitic enzymes, so commercial amylolitic enzymes can be excluded from the preparation step
of bioethanol production

Reference:
1. M. Sharic, M. Menkovska, M. Ivanovski, N. Gutesha:"The exploitation possibility of domestic wheat
   cultivars"usmeno izlaganje po pozivu na 7th International Conference of Food Phisicist, Senta 30 th
   June- 1 st July, 2006.
2. Aleksandar Fistes, Gavrilo Tanović, Marija Šarić:" Multivariante analysis of different technological
   and rheological tests of Serbian wheat varieties", rad prihvaćen za 10 th European Nutrition
   Conference u Parizu, u julu 2007
3. Mirjana Menkovska, Milisav Ivanovski, MarijaSharić: "Comparative ealuation of the technological
   quality of bread wheat and triticale cultivars" 5 th International Conference of the Chemical Societies
   of the South-East Europeran Countries,Ohrid, Septembar 10-14, 2006., Book of Abstacts, Vol. I,189
4. Marija Šarić, Mirjana Menkovska, Nada Guteša, Milisav Ivanovski : " Sprouts from different cereals
   influencing the changes of bread nutritive values " 5 th International Conference of the Chemical
   Societies of the South-East Europian Countries, Ohrid, Septembar 10-14., 2006., Book of Abstracts,
   Vol.I, 189.
5. Marija Šarić :"uality of domestic and approved foreign durum wheat varieties", Processing
   Technologies Faculty of Food Technology, Department of Cereal, Osjek, 2006, 4l-48
6. Mirjana Menkovska, George Lookhart, Desimir Kneţević, Marija Šarić and Milisav Ivanovski:"
   Identification and characteriyation of domestic wheat varieties bz high-performance liquid


                                                                                                       64
    chromatographz (HPLC) and high performance capillarz electophoresis (HPCE)", 7 th International
    Conference of Food Phyzist, Senta, 30 th June - 1 st July, 2006 (A10)
7. Marija Sharic, Mirjana Menkovska, Irena Doshenović,Nada Hladni:" Investigation of the Influence of
    the Field Mold Contamination on the Wheat Technologycal Quantity and Safty"Proceedings of 5 th
    International Congress on Food Technology, Thessaloniki, 2007., Proceedings Vol. 2., 588-595
8. Mirjana Menkovska, Milisav Ivanovski, Marija Šarić :"Identification and Caracterization of
    Macedonian wheat varieties by contemporary biochemical techniques and methods"Simpozium sa
    meĊunarodnim uĉešćem, UnapreĊenje poljoprivredne proizvodnje na teritoriji Kosova i Metohije,
    Vrnjaĉka banja, 26-29 jun, 2006., Book of Abstract, 108
9. Pajin B., Jovanović O., Petković M., Lazić V., Torbica A.:" Kvalitet biskvitnog kolaĉa u zavisnosti od
    tehnoloških karakteristika brašna, 2006., Ţito-hleb, 33,5-6, 119-124
10. Dušanka Pejin, Vesna Vuĉurović, Stevan Popov, Jelena Dodić and Siniša Dodić: Production of
    etnanol from Kantata wheat varieta, Acta Periodica Technologyca, 37, 2006, pp 155-16
11. Vuĉurović Vesna, Pejin Dušanka : Production of Bioethanol from Triticale, rad recenziran i prihvaćen
    za štampu u ĉasopisu Proceedings for Natural Sciences, Matica Srpska, recenzija u prilogu.
12. Dušanka Pejin, Olgica Grujić, Stevan Popov, Vesna Vasić, Jelena Pejin, Aleksandar Karić:"
    Production of Bioethanol from Weath and Triticale", 5 th International Conference of the Chemical
    Societies of the South-East European Countries,Ohrid, Septembar 10-14, Book of Absract, Vol. I, 195
Pejin J. Dušanka, Došanović S. Irena, Popov D. Stevan, Suturović J. Zvonimir, Ranković A. Jovana,
Dodić N. Siniša, Dodić M. Jelna, Vuĉurović M. Vesna:'' Influence of dough freezing on sacharomyces
cerevisiae metabolism'', rad recenziran i prihvaćen za štampu u ĉasopisu Proceedings for Natural
Sciences, Matica Srpska, recenzija u prilogu.

Dušanka Pejin, Marija Šarić, Jovan Jakovljević, Jasna Gvozdenović, Stevan Popov, Vera Lazić, Olga
Jovanović, Biljana Pajin, Gavrilo Tanović, Siniša Dodić, Aleksandar Fišteš, Jelena Dodić, Vesna Vasić,
Tehnološki fakultet u Novom Sadu
”Vrednovanje kvaliteta pšenice i proizvoda od nje prema nameni u Republici Srbiji - AP Vojvodini
i Republici Makedoniji u poreĎenju da modelom kvaliteta po standardima EU”

- ObraĊeni su dvogodišnji rezultati tehnološkog kvaliteta ĉistih sorti Triticum aestivum (63 uzorka).
Analizirani su svi indirektni i direktni pokazatelji meljivosti i pecivosti.Analizom varijanse utvrĊen je
odnos pojedinih parametara fiziĉko- hemijskih, biohemijskih, reoloških i pecivnih pokazatelja u odnosu na
nivoe vrednosti tehnoloških grupa.
- Dvogodišnji rezultati ispitivanja kompletnog tehnološkog kvaliteta ( hemijsko-biohemijskih osobina,
reoloških osobina i pecivosti) Makedonskih sorti Triticum aestivum i Tritikale.
-Izvršene su analize sorti Triticum durum kod kojih je zbog klimatskih uslova i genskih osobina došlo do
cepanja.OdreĊen je sadrţaj ţutog pigmenta, meljivost, prinos krupice i kvalitet testenine proizveden od
nje.
-Iz ogleda u mikroklimatu navodnjavanja uzorci pšenice su kontaminirani poljskim plesnima.Izolovane su
plesni, toksiĉnih vrsta i odreĊivan je njihov uticaj na biološki i tehnološki kvalitet hleba.
-Makednoski partneri su izvršili elektroforetske analize kompletne serije uzoraka T.aestivum i T.durum
pšenice .U okviru primene brašna ispitan je kvalitet ĉajnog peciva u zavisnosti od namenskih
karakteristika upotrebljenih brašna dobijenih iz tri sorte pšenice : Kantata, Marta i Dragana, Boja ĉajnog
peciva je ujednaĉena a odliĉan senzorni kvalitet ĉajnog peciva je postignut sa brašnom od pšenice sorte
Marta. Sorta Kantata je ispitivana kao sirovina za proizvodnju bioetanola. Najbolji prinosi bietanola su
dobijeni za uzorak pšenice sa lokaliteta Vrbas. Bioetanol se uspešno moţe proizvesti iz hibrida pšenice i
raţi tritikale. Oni imaju amilolitiĉke enzime, tako da se u procesu pripreme ne moraju upotrebljavati
komercijalni enzimi.


                                                                                                       65
Vladimir Katić, Veran Vasić, Stevan Grabić, Vlado Porobić, Darko Ostojić, Boris Dumnić, Dejan Reljić,
Dragan Milićević, Zoran Ivanović, Marko Vekić, Evgenije Adţić,
Faculty of Technical Sciences in Novi Sad
''Research and Realization of New Power Converters Design Solutions for Industrial Electric Motor
Drives''

The project treats the problems in the field of high efficiency electric drives. These drives are today in the
focus of interest of researches and engineers in the industry. The aim of the project is to analyze and
propose new solutions of electromechanical and power electronics converters. Regarding such aim,
following results have been achieved:
1. The possibilities of implementation of multi-phase AC machines in existing three-phase electrical
drives have been analyzed. Two six-phase electrical machines have been designed and manufactured:
asymmetrical and symmetrical. Some modifications have been made in previously realized six-phase
inverter by improving control and protection. The inverter has been used for driving two motors and
preparation for testing fully six-phase drive has been made.
2. Different control algorithms for AC drives with synchronous motor permanent magnet AC machine
have been tested.
3. The analysis of three-phase AC drives of low and medium power is continued. A prototype of a such
drive controlled without position sensor on machine shaft has been realized in full accordance with state
of the art in this field. Special attention has been paid for achieving cost effective solution with low
maintains and operational costs and elimination of electromagnetic emission (EMI).

Reference:

1. Igor Rakić, Stevan Grabić, Vladimir Katić: "Flyback Converter - Practical Realisation in The Tuition
   Purpose", Elecktronics/Elektronika, Banja Luka (BiH, R.Srpska), Vol. 10, No.2, Dec.2006;
2. Dejan Reljić, Veran Vasić, Darko Ostojić, Boris Dumnić: "A Comparasion of PI Current Controllers
   in Field Oriented Induction Motor Drive", Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering,
   Academy of Technical Sciences of Romania and "Stefan cel Mare" University of Suceava, Suceava
   (Romania), Vol. 6 (13), No.2 (26), ISSN 1582-7445,pp.46-51;
3. Dejan Reljić, Darko Ostojić, Veran Vasić: "Simple Speed Sensorless Control of Induction Motor
   Drive", 6th International Symposium Nikola Tesla, Belgrade, Serbia, Oct.18-20, 2006, pp.75-76,
   ISBN 86-7466-264-1, Edited by Aleksandra Marinĉić and Milić Stojić;
4. Dejan Reljić, Darko Ostojić: "Advanced Fluorescent Control Lightning Techniques for Reducing
   Electricity Consumption", 6th International Symposium Nikola Tesla, Belgrade, Serbia, Oct.18-20,
   2006, pp.187-188, ISBN 86-7466-264-1, Edited by Aleksandra Marinĉić and Milić Stojić
5. Igor Rakić, Stevan Grabić, Vladimir Katić: "Flyback Converter - Practical Realisation in The Tuition
   Purpose", Elecktronics/Elektronika, Banja Luka (BiH, R.Srpska), Vol. 10, No.2, Dec.2006;
6. Dejan Reljić, Veran Vasić, Darko Ostojić, Boris Dumnić: "A Comparasion of PI Current Controllers
   in Field Oriented Induction Motor Drive", Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering,
   Academy of Technical Sciences of Romania and "Stefan cel Mare" University of Suceava, Suceava
   (Romania), Vol. 6 (13), No.2 (26), ISSN 1582-7445,pp.46-51;
7. Dejan Reljić, Darko Ostojić, Veran Vasić: "Simple Speed Sensorless Control of Induction Motor
   Drive", 6th International Symposium Nikola Tesla, Belgrade, Serbia, Oct.18-20, 2006, pp.75-76,
   ISBN 86-7466-264-1, Edited by Aleksandra Marinĉić and Milić Stojić;
8. Dejan Reljić, Darko Ostojić: "Advanced Fluorescent Control Lightning Techniques for Reducing
   Electricity Consumption", 6th International Symposium Nikola Tesla, Belgrade, Serbia, Oct.18-20,
   2006, pp.187-188, ISBN 86-7466-264-1, Edited by Aleksandra Marinĉić and Milić Stojić;



                                                                                                           66
9. Draţen Dujić, Darko Ostojić, Vladimir Katić, Borislav Jeftenić: "Realizacija vektorski regulisanog
    pogona sa sinhronim motorom sa permanentnim magnetima", ETF - Journal of Electrical Engieering,
    Podgorica, Vol.15, No.1, May2006, pp. 48-56, YU ISSN 0353-5207;
10. Milan Šargaĉ, Dragan Milićević, Veran Vasić: "Realizacija elektromotornog pogona primenom
    PROFIBUS komunikacije", VI Simpozijum industrijska elektronika - INDEL2006,
    www.indel.etfbl.net, Banja Luka, (BiH, R. Srpska) Nov.2006, ISBN 99938-793-7-1, pp.141-145;
11. Petar Jerkan, Dragan Milićević, Zoltan Ĉorba, Veran Vasić: "Primena programibilnog logiĉkog
    kontrolera u upravljanju mašinom za jednosmernu struju", VI Simpozijum industrijska elektronika -
    INDEL2006, www.indel.etfbl.net, Banja Luka, (BiH, R. Srpska) Nov.2006, ISBN 99938-793-7-1,
    pp.283-285;
12. Zoran Ivanović, Marko Vekić, Stevan Grabić, Vladimir Katić: "Modelovanje i analiza rada mreţnog
    invertora u sluĉaju nesimetrije u sistemu", 50. konferencija za ETRAN, Beograd, 06.-09.06.2006,
    Editori: V. Litovski, B. Reljin, B. Kovaĉević, V. Katić, ISBN 86-80509-58-2, Sveska 1, pp.344-347;
13. Evgenije Adţić, Vladimir Katić, Milan Adţić:"Iskustva u primeni novih tehnologija za realizaciju
    trofaznih invertora", 50. konferencija za ETRAN, Beograd, 06.-09.06.2006, Editori: V. Litovski, B.
    Reljin, B. Kovaĉević, V. Katić, ISBN 86-80509-58-2, Sveska 1, pp.348-351.


Vladimir Katić, Veran Vasić, Stevan Grabić, Vlado Porobić, Darko Ostojić, Boris Dumnić, Dejan Reljić,
Dragan Milićević, Zoran Ivanović, Marko Vekić, Evgenije Adţić,
Fakultet tehničkih nauka u Novom Sadu
''Istraţivanje i realizacija novih rešenja energetskih pretvarača u industrijskim elektromotornim
pogonima''

Planirani sadrţaji druge godine istraţivanja na projektu su u potpunosti ispunjeni. U skladu sa planom
aktivnosti izvršena je analiza i realizacija novih rešenja u oblasti elektromehaniĉkih pretvaraĉa i
energetskih elektronskih pretvaraĉa.
1. Analizirane su mogućnosti implementacije višefaznih naizmeniĉnih mašina u postojeće elektromotorne
pogone, koji su u ovome trenutku iskljuĉivo trofazni. U tu svrhu projektovane su i izraĊene dve šestofazne
mašine simetriĉna i asimetriĉna. Na mašine su postavljeni senzori pozicije i brzine, ĉime su dobijene
mogućnosti razvoja sofisticiranih algoritama upravljanja i kontrole. Na ranije realizovanim naponskim
šestofaznim invertorima izvršena su dodatna unapredjenja i poboljšanja, tako što su dodati senzori struja i
napona i omogućeno upravljanje u zatvorenoj povratnoj sprezi. Ovi šestofazni invertori mogu raditi u dva
moda. Prvi mod je iskorišćenje multifaznog invertora za upravljanje sa dva trofazna motora. Ovaj naĉin
rada je dataljno ispitan i dobijeni su zadovljavajući rezultati. Drugi mod rada, upravljanje šestofaznim
motorom je delimiĉno ispitan na pasivnom RL potrošaĉu. Ispitivanja sa aktivnim potrošaĉem, odnosno sa
šestofaznim motorima su predviĊena u narednoj fazi istraţivanja.
2. Ispitivani su razliĉiti algoritmi upravljanja u naizmeniĉnim pogonima, odnosno za trofaznu sinhronu
mašinu sa permanentnim magnetima.
3. Nastavljena je i analiza trofaznih naizmeniĉnih pogona malih i srednjih snaga sa asinhronim motorima.
U skladu sa svetskim trendovima realizovan je prototip ovakvog pogona upravljan bez senzora pozicije na
vratilu mašine. Upravljaĉki algoritmi su provereni kako na test upravljaĉkom okruţenju (dSPACE), tako i
na idustrijskom procesoru TMS320F2808, koji je nabavljen u sklopu projekta. Paţnja je posvećena i
problematici uštede elektriĉne energije uz smanjenje troškova rada, odrţavanja i emitovanja
elektromagnetnih smetnji u elektroenergetski sistem i okolinu.
Rezultati projekta su prezentovani nauĉnoj javnosti u vidu 9 nauĉnih radova objavljenih u nauĉnim
ĉasopisima i konferencijama u zemlji i inostranstvu.




                                                                                                        67
Stevan Stankovski, Milosav Georgijević, Stevan Odri, Gordana Ostojić, Miodrag Stojadinović, Svetlana
Nikolić, Marija Rakić-Skoković, Sanja Roknić, Milovan Lazarević,
Faculty of Technical Sciences in Novi Sad
''Implementation of RFID technology in supply chain (implementation of automation systems in
logistics) ''

        Software and hardware module for tracking products on distances that couldn‟t be covered by
RFID readers has been developed. RFID tag is usualy placed on a product in packing phase. The reason is
because RFID tags are preconfigured so that the information about product series could be related to RFID
serial number in end production proces phase. Information in packing product phase are related with
information from production phase and after that are proceeded to ERP system. Information from parts of
system which are on distances that couldn‟t be covered by RFID readers are gathered over PLCs
(programmabile logic controller). PLCs are directly connected to controling units of the technological
system or to displays. Gathered data are transfered over PLC to PC. PC has dual port memory unit for
communication between PLC and PC. Data contents are defined by higher organizatial structure demands.
Summaring data tables, over which the transfering of information between production proces and
application of the bussines system is done, are designed on the basis of already mentiond demands.
        According with projected research plan all active researches have furfiled their tasks. Two of the
researchers, because of the overall status in our country, have decided to continue their profesional
development at american universities. Because of the research theme actively, hudge energy of the
researchers is spend on spreading knowledge about RFID technology, both to the participants from
economy and also students meeting with the identification technologies in different student courses.
        Researchers from Electrical Engineering faculty in East Sarajevo have continued their work on
software development for project, primary applicated on R/W tags.

Reference:

 1.    Ostojić G., Lazarević M., Jovanović V.: Using RFID tehnology in Industrial Systems, Proceedings
       of Infoteh-Jahorina 2006 on CD, March 22-24, Jahorina, Republika Srpska
 2.    Lazarević M., Ostojić G., Stankovski S., Jovanović V.: RFID tehnologije u procesu demontaţe
       proizvoda, Proceedings of Infoteh-Jahorina 2006 on CD, March 22-24, Jahorina, Republika Srpska
 3.    Ostojić, G., Jovanović, V., Stankovski, S. , Lazarević, M.: Digitalna proizvodnja i RFID
       tehnologija, IX International Scientific Conference on Flexibile Technologies, MMA 2006, Novi
       Sad, Serbia and Montenegro Gora, June 15-16 2006.
 4.    Ostojić G., Stankovski S., Lazarević M., Škrinjar D.: Implementation of RFID Technology in
       Goods Storage Process in Supermarkets, 9 th International Conference, Dependability and Quality
       Management DQM-2006, Belgrade, Serbia, June 14-15 2006.
 5.    Lazarević M., Ostojić G., Stankovski S., Škrinjar D.: Data Gathering Using RFID Technology
       from Disassembly and Recycling Systems, 9 th International Conference, Dependability and
       Quality Management DQM-2006, Belgrade, Serbia, June 14-15 2006.
 6.    Lazarevic M., Cosic I., Anisic Z: RFID Technologies in Product Disassembly Proces, Danube
       Adria Association for Automation & Manufacturing, 5th International DAAM Conference
       "Advanced Technologies for Developing Countries", June 28-30 2006., Rijeka, Croatia
 7.    Ostojić G., Jovanović V., Stevanov B., Stankovski S., Ćosić I.: Collaborative Design in the
       Assembly Systems, 3rd International CIRP Sponsored Conference on Digital Enterprise
       Technology, DET‟06 on CD, Setubal, Portugal, 18th to 20th September 2006.
 8.    Roknić S., Nikoliĉić S., Ostojić G., Škrinjar D.: Application of Information Technologies for
       Improvement of Logistic Parameters of Warehouses, XVIII International Conference on
       "MATERIAL HANDLING, CONSTRUCTIONS AND LOGISTICS", MHCL‟06, University of
       Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Belgrade, Serbia, October 19-20 2006.
                                                                                                       68
 9.    M. Georgijević, S. Roknić, V. Bojanić, Simulation als modernes Werkzeug zur Optimierung, 12.
       ASIM-Fachtagung Simulation in Produktion und Logistik,.Kassel, 2006,
10.    Bojanić V, Roknić S.: Design and reengineering of modern warehousing systems by using
       computer simulations, Conversations at Miskolc 2006, International conference on knowledge
       intensitive research results and practical applications in field of material handeling and logistics,
       Miškloc, 2006.
11.    Cosic I., Lazarevic M., Anisic Z, Lalic B.: Data Gathering Using RFID Technology from
       Disassembly and Recycling Systems, Danube Adria Association for Automation & Manufacturing,
       17th International DAAM Symposium "Inteligent Manufacturing & Automation: Focus on
       Mechatronics and Robotics", November 8-11 2006., Vienna, Austria
12.    Lazarevic M., Ostojic G., Jovanovic V., Stankovski S., Rakić – Skoković M.: Implementation of
       RFID Technology in Disassembly and Recycling Systems, Proceedings of Infoteh-Jahorina 2007
       on CD, March 28-30, Jahorina, Republika Srpska
13.    Rakić-Skoković M., Ostojić G., Lazarević M.: RFID malitious software, Proceedings of Infoteh-
       Jahorina 2007 on CD, March 28-30, Jahorina, Republika Srpska
14.    Ostojić, G., Lazarević, M., Jovanović, V., Stankovski, S., Ćosić I.: RFID Technology Use in
       Assembly and Disassembly Processes, journal - Revija za fluidno Tehniko, Avtomatizacijo in
       Mehatroniko – Ventil, ISSN 1318-7279, Vol. 12 No. 6 (2006), str. 385-390
15.    Stankovski S., Jovanović D., Raković M., Odri S.: AN Integration of RFID Technologies in
       Control Systems, Proceedings of Infoteh-Jahorina 2007 on CD, March 28-30, Jahorina, Republika
       Srpska
16.    -Accepted article in journal: FACTA UNIVERSITAS, Series: Mechanical Engineering Vol. 4 No.
       1. 2006, YU ISSN 0354-2025 : USING RFID TECHNOLOGY IN COLLABORATIVE DESIGN
       OF THE ASSEMBLY SYSTEM/168/

Stevan Stankovski, Milosav Georgijević, Stevan Odri, Gordana Ostojić, Miodrag Stojadinović, Svetlana
Nikolić, Marija Rakić-Skoković, Sanja Roknić, Milovan Lazarević,
Fakultet tehničkih nauka u Novom Sadu
''RFID tehnologija u lancima snabdevanja (primena automatizovanih sistema u logistici) ''

      Razvijen je softverski i hardverski modul za praćenje proizvoda na rastojanjima koja ne pokrivaju
RFID ĉitaĉi. RFID tag se, najĉešće, postavlja na proizvod u fazi pakovanja. Razlog je da su RFID tagovi
prekonfigurisani tako da se informacije o seriji proizvoda mogu povezati sa RFID serijskim brojem tek u
završnim fazama proizvodnog procesa. Informacije u fazi pakovanja se povezuju sa informacijama iz
proizvodnog pogona i tek nakon toga prosleĊuju prema ERP sistemom. Informacije iz delova sistema koje
ne pokrivaju RFID ĉitaĉi se sakupljaju preko PLC ureĊaja koji je direktno spojen sa upravljaĉkim
jedinicama tehnoloških sistema ili korišćenjem operaterskih panela za unos podataka koji se prikljuĉuju na
PLC ureĊaj. Podaci se preko PLC ureĊaja prenose do PC raĉunara u koji je ugraĊena dual port memorija
za komunikaciju izmeĊu PLC i PC. Sadrţaji podataka su odreĊeni zahtevima nadreĊenih organizacionih
struktura na osnovu kojih su dizajnirane sumarne tabele podataka preko kojih se vrši razmena informacija
izmeĊu pogona i aplikacija poslovnog sistema preduzeća.
      U skladu sa predviĊenim planom istraţivanja svi aktivni istraţivaĉi su ispunili svoje zadatke. Na
ţalost dva mlaĊa istraţivaĉa su zbog celokupnog stanja u našoj sredini, svoje struĉno usavršavanje
nastavili na ameriĉikim univerzitetima. Zbog interesatnosti teme istraţivanja, velika energija istraţivaĉa se
troši na širenju znanja o RFID tehnologiji, kako na participante iz privrede, tako i na studente koji se kroz
razne kurseve susreću sa identifikacionim tehnologijama.
      Istraţivaĉi sa Elektrotehniĉkog fakulteta u Istoĉnom Sarajevu su nastavili sa radom na razvoju
softvera koji prati ovo istraţivanje, a pre svega na primeni R/W tagova i pogramabilno logiĉkih
kontrolera.


                                                                                                          69
Vlado Potkonjak, Miodrag Zoranović, Josif Tomić,
Faculty of Agriculture in Novi Sad
''Energy saving and microclimatic control with environment protection in the scope of conventional
and new accesses of piglets raising''

Prototype od uniflow aerodynamic deduster-DF is developed to separate odorous dust particles from air
within swine buildings. Adequate ventilation system selection and UV-filter application parallely by DF
usage, offers possibility of serious aerobic pathogenics reduction. In laboratory ambiental conditions,
there was observed efficiency of DF to remove NH3 and H2S. Measurements were performed by precise
gas monitor „Dräger Pac III S“ with electronics-chemical sensors. From sample of swine manure, by
method of controled uniform gas evaporation, there were tested concentrations of NH3: 15, 30 i 45 ppm,
i.e. H2S: until maximal 8 ppm. At adjustable air flow 60%, 80% and 100%, and concentration of NH 3: 10
ppm, air cleaning efficiency were 65%, 60% and 57%, while at 45 ppm it was average lower
approximately 4% for the same air flows. Concentration of H2S was fallen on 2,5 ppm. Activity of
scrubber system by T-Jet nozzles (flow of 0,85 l/min at the presser of 3 bar), because of technical reasons,
was 40%. Maximal capacity of scrubber system, by adequate chemical additives, will significantly
influnce on efficiency of air cleaning by DF. There was noticed need to finish off formed prototype
because unsatified procedure of its production. Formed DF is optimal energy and exploitation centrifugal
scrubber. The field of its application is very wide over the cattle raising, for example in the field of
restorable energy resources combustion with parallel tendency of increasing heat utility coefficient and
environmental protection, generating stations, heavy and light industry, pharmacology industry etc.

Reference:

1. Zoranović M.,Tomić J.,Potkonjak V.(2006): Energy saving by epplication of nicroprocessor system
   for temperature control in the farrowing houses. PTEP, Vol.10, No.3-4, 71-74.
2. Zoranović M.,Potkonjak V.,Tomić J.(2007): Dinamic air clearing in controlled laboratory conditions
   (accepted for press in the paper PTEP)




                                                                                                         70
Vlado Potkonjak, Miodrag Zoranović, Josif Tomić,
Poljoprivredni fakultet u Novom Sadu
''Ušteda energije i regulacija mikroklimata sa zaštitom ţivotne sredine u okviru konvencionalnih i
novih pristupa uzgoju prasadi''

Formiran je prototip dinamiĉkog filtera (DF) za odstranjivanje mirisnih ĉestica prašine iz vazduha
objekata u svinjarstvu. Primenom adekvatnog sistema ventilacije i UV-filtera moguća je kontrola
prisustva aerobnih patogena. U laboratorijskim uslovima praćena je efikasnost DF-a pri odstranjivanju
NH3 i H2S. Merenja su izvršena preciznim instrumentom „Dräger Pac III S“ sa elektronsko-hemijskim
senzorima. Iz uzorka teĉnog stajnjaka, metodom kontrolisano kontinualnog isparenja, posmatrane su
koncentracije NH3: 15, 30 i 45 ppm, tj. H2S: do maksimalnih 8 ppm. Pri podesivom protoku vazduha 60%,
80% i 100 %, i koncentraciji NH3 od 10 ppm, ostvarena je efikasnost odstranjivanja 65%, 60% i 57%,
dok je pri 45 ppm proseĉno bila niţa za 4% pri istim protocima vazduha. Koncentracija H 2S je u kratkom
vremenskom intervalu padala na 2,5 ppm. Aktivnost sistema pranja sa T-Jet rasprskivaĉima (protoka 0,85
l/min pri pritisku 3 bar), iz tehniĉkih razloga bila je 40%. Maksimalnim kapacitetom sistema pranja, sa
adekvatnim hemijskim aditivima, znaĉajno će se uticati na povećanje efikasnosti preĉišćavanja DF-a..
Uoĉena je potreba za doradom formiranog prototipa usled nezadovoljavajuće procedure njegove izrade.
Formirani DF je energetski i eksplataciono niskozahtevan centrifugalni filter. Polje primene DF-a veoma
je široko van oblasti stoĉarstva, npr. u oblasti sagorevanja obnovljivih energetskih resursa sa tendencijom
paralelno povećanja koeficijenta toplotnog iskorišćenja i zaštite ţivotne sredine, elektrane, teška i laka
industrija, farmaceutska industrija itd.




                                                                                                        71
Slavko Filipović, Ratko Lazarević, Milutin Ristić, Jovanka Lević, Marijana Sakaĉ, Šandor Kormanjoš,
Tatjana Savković, Slavica Sredanović, Nada Filipović, Olivera Đuragić, Dragana Šoronja-Simović,
Ljiljana Petrović, Natalija Dţinić, Vladimir Tomović,
Institute for food Technology in Novi Sad
''Technology of Animal Feed Production, Safe for Animals, Humans and Environment''

Enriched corn and extruded enriched corn meal in feed industry is a new nutrient rich in protein and
energy.
Quality of breast meat of broilers fed with either enriched corn or extruded enriched corn meal is pretty
uniform and satisfying for this meat category.
Quality of bread with extruded corn meal or extruded grain is very good. Corn meal or extruded corn is
favourable as a supplement at the level of 5% and 30%, respectively, thus positively contributing to water
absorption, yield of dough and bread and retard bread staling.
New feed from brewery by-products is made by the procedure of fractionation of dehydrated feed from
combined brewery by-products (brewer's spent grains + protein sludge from press liquor + brewer's yeast)
supplemented with L-lysine HCl. This feed is an ideal source of nutritive matters for broilers.

Reference:

1.     Lević Jovanka, Sredanović Slavica, Lević Lj.: New feeds from brewery by – products, Roumanian
       Biotechnoloical letters, vol 11, broj 2, 2611-2618,2006
2.     Filipović S., Sakaĉ Marjana, Ristić M., Kormanjoš Š., Daković S.: Oplemenjno kukuruzno stoĉno
       brašno (MSS) – novi proizvod. Rešenje novog proizvoda koristi "Mirotin - Tisa", mlin za preradu
       kukuruza Svino Selo. Rešenje je nagraĊeno zlatno medaljom na 72-om MeĊunarodnom
       poljoprivrednom sajmu u Novom Sadu 2005 godine i, kao nov proizvod zlatnom medaljom 73-ćem
       MeĊunarodnom poljoprivrednom sajmu u Novom Sadu 2006 godine. Ovaj proizvod koristi se u
       industriji hrane za ţivotinje i izvozi u okolne zemlje (BIH i Sloveniju)
3.     12.III 2007. odrţan je Workshop u Irene South Africa " Use of agro-industry by products as animal
       feeds " na kome su uĉestvovali:
      University of Agronomical Science and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Biotechnology, Bucharest,
       Romania
      Agricultural Research council ARC – LBD: Animal Producion Institute, Irene, South Africa
4.     Filipović S., Sakaĉ Marjana, Ristić M., Kormanjoš Š., Daković S., Filipović V.: Mogućnost
       korišćenja sporednih proizvoda mlinske prerade kukuruza u industriji hrane za ţivotinje, "Mlinpek
       almanah" 133, XII, 15-20, 2006.
5.     Dţinić Natalija, Tomović V., Petrović Ljiljana, Tasić Tatjana, Jokanović Marija, Savković Tatjana.:
       Kvalitet mesa grudi brojlera hranjenih opelemenjenim i estrudiranim kukuruznim stoĉnim brašnom,
       XII Savetovanje o biotehnologiji, Zbornik radova, 12 (13), 183-188, Ĉaĉak 2007
6.     Filipović Nada, Šoronja-Simović Dragana, Filipović Jelena.: Bread with extruded corn products,
       Acta Agriculturae Serbica, XI, 21, 29-36, 2006




                                                                                                       72
Slavko Filipović, Ratko Lazarević, Milutin Ristić, Jovanka Lević, Marijana Sakaĉ, Šandor Kormanjoš,
Tatjana Savković, Slavica Sredanović, Nada Filipović, Olivera Đuragić, Dragana Šoronja-Simović,
Ljiljana Petrović, Natalija Dţinić, Vladimir Tomović,
Institut za prehrmbene tehnologije
''Tehnologija hrane za ţivotinje, bezbedna za ţivotinje, ljude i okolinu''

Primenom savremene tehnologije u suvoj preradi kukuruza proizvedeno je oplemenjeno kukuruzno stoĉno
brašnosa povišenim sadrţajem proteina i ulja u odnosu na kukuruzno stoĉno brašno proizvedeno
klasiĉnim postupkom suve prerade kukuruza.
Posupkom ekstrudiranja oplemenjenog kukuruznog stoĉnog brašna dobili smo eksrudirano kukuruzno
stoĉno brašno povećane nutritivne vrednosti i povećane higijenske ispravnosti.
Ispitan je kvalitet mesa brojlera hranjenih oplemenjenim i ekstrudiranim oplemenjenim kukuruznim
stoĉnim brašnom i konstatovali da meso grudi pilića ujednaĉenog kvaliteta i da odgovara kvalitetu mesa
za ovu kategoriju ţivotinja.
Ispitan je uticaj temperature ekstrudiranja kukuruznog stoĉnog brašna i celog zrna kukuruza na parametre
kvaliteta hleba u zamenu brašna T-500 sa 5, 10, 20 i 30% ekstrudiranog proizvoda (ekstrudiranog stoĉnog
brašana i ekstrudiranog zrna kukuruza). Veoma dobar kvalitet heba postiţe se zamenom sa 5%
ekstrudiranog stoĉnog brašna i 30% termiĉki tretiranog kukuruza na 100°C.
Tehnološkim postupkom od nus proizvoda piva (trop sa toplim talogom + proteinski talog od teĉne
frakcije iz prese + pivski kvasac) proizvedeno je nekonvekcionalno proteinsko hranivo frakcionisanjem.
Od inicijalnog hraniva dobijene su dve frakcije: propad sita – proteinska frakcija 40% i prelaz sita –
celulozna frakcija 60% u odnosu na polazni materijal. Proteinska frakcija je sadrţala 390 g/kg proteina,
190 g/kg ukupnih amino kiselina i 102 g/kg sirove masti. Dodavanjem 100 g novog hraniva uz dodatak 1
g L lizina HCL moguće je zameniti 81 g sojine saĉme i 20 g kukuruza u ishrani brojlera. Novo hranivo od
nus proizvoda piva obogaćeno nedostajućom koliĉinom lizina idealan je izvor nutritivnih materija.




                                                                                                     73
Milorad Miloradov, SrĊan Kolaković, Ivan Luković, Milinko Vasić, Miro Govedarica, Branko
Milosavljević, Milan Vidaković, Goran Vujić,
Academy of Sciences and Arts of Vojvodina in Novi Sad
''Water Resources Management Balance Sustainable Development and Optimal
Management''

Considering previously determined Work Programmed for 2006/2007 and theoretical basis defined in the
previous year of research, the tasks planned for realization during this year have been studied and
processed:
Analysis of terrestrial division of Vojvodina area on balance units of available surface and, especially,
ground water has been studied. Based on these divisions, key profiles and balance units for processing
water resource management balance for entire territory of Vojvodina, especially, for both types of water
have been determined.
Considering theoretical basis defined in previous year of research, terrestrial division, defined key profiles
and available measurements and monitoring, practical Methodology for processing available surface water
by the amount and quality has been developed.
Based on theoretical basis for processing balance of ground water defined in the previous year of research,
as well as terrestrial division, defined key profiles and available geological and hydrological data,
practical mathematical model for processing balance of available ground water has been developed.
Studies of utility and type of water usage on the territory of Vojvodina has been published, as well as
suggestions of EU Directives on required measurements for characterization of water bodies and
discharged water, and based on all of this, Methodology for measurement and collection of data on
available, withdrawal and discharged water, especially for analysis of available surface and ground water
and for all types of water usage.

Reference:

1. Louks P. D., Van Beek E. Water Resources Szstems Planning and Management, Studies Reports in
   Hzdrologz, UNESCO, Paris, 2005.

2. Miloradov M. Modeling of the Water Resources Balance on a Global Basis, Joint UNESCO/FAO
   Program, Paris/Rome 1994.

3. Miloradov M. Hydrological Cycle and Water Balance, The Federal Hydrometeorological Institute
   Beograd, The Second International Summer School in Meteorology, Yugoslavia 1995.

4. Miloradov M., Marjanovic P. Guidelines for Conducting Water Resouces Assessment, UNESCO
   Publication, No. 55 IHP Program, Paris, 1998.
5. Miloradov M, Prohaska S, Kolaković S. Vodoprivredni bilans Vojvodine – optimalno upravljanje i
   odrţivi razvoj, Prvi nauĉni-atruĉni skup «InterRegioSci», Novi Sad 2006. pp 40
6. Miloradom M, Prohaska S, Fabijan Dj, Vojinovic-Miloradov M, The Implementation of EWFD/WFD
   in the Region of Vojvodina Witihin Slovak-Serbia Projects, International Conference «Towards
   Integrated River Basin Management», Ĉasta – Papierniĉka, Slovakia, 2006, pp 269-272.
7. Miloradov M. Water Management Balance – Optimal Operation and Sustaneble Development,
   Conference “VANU on the roud for integration to Europe” in printing Novi Sad, 2006.
8. Popov S, Sakulski S, Vojinović-Miloradov M, Jakšić J, Turk M, Miloradov M. Concepts of System
   Based on OGC Web Services for Management and Decision Support and Monitoring Floods, XXIII Conference of
   the Danubian Countries on the Hzdrological Forecasting and Hzdrological Bases of Water Management, Belgrade
   2006.


                                                                                                           74
9. Miloradov M, Prohaska S. Basic Methodology Concept for Creation of Water Resources Management Balance of
    Vojvodina, XXIII Conference of the Danubian Countries on the Hzdrological Forecasting and Hzdrological Bases of
    Water Management, Belgrade 2006.
10. Prohaska S. Metode kratkoroĉnih hidroloških prognoza, Pregledni nauĉni ĉlanak, Savez graĊevinskih
    inţenjera i tehniĉara Srbije i Crne Gore, GraĊevinski kalendar, str. 379 - 439. Beograd, 2006.
11. Prohaska S, Majkić B. Procedure for the Determination of Periods Critical to the Conservation of
    Quality of natural Watercourses 23th Conference of the Danube Countries on the Hydrological
    Forecasting and Hydrological Bases of Water Management. Belgrade, 28-31. August 2006. Serbia.
12. Prohaska S. Ristić V. Water balance and Hydrological Regimes in the Central Part of the Balkan
    Peninsula Balkan Water Observation and Information System (BALWOIS), Ohrid, 23-26 May 2006.
    Republic of Macedonia.
13. Lukovic I, Ristic S, Mogin P, Pavicevic J, "Database Schema Integration Process – A Methodology
    and Aspects of Its Applying", Novi Sad Journal of Mathematics (Formerly Review of Research,
    Faculty of Science, Mathematic Series), Novi Sad, ISSN: 1450-5444, Vol. 36, No. 1, 2006, pp 115-
    150. (in English)
14. Dubravka Bošković, Miro Govedarica, Vladimir Pajić, Dušan Jovanović, SrĊan Popov GIS Data
    Model of Serbian Republic Water Management Authority, zbornik radova na CD-u, ISBN 86-85079-
    01-2, ISSN 1862-3395, INTERGEOEAST, Conference for Landmanagement, Geoinformation,
    Building Industry, Environment, Beograd, Srbija i Crna Gora, 2006
15. Vladimir Pajić, Miro Govedarica, Dubravka Bošković, Dušan Jovanović, SrĊan Popov Defining Layer
    Structure for GIS of Serbian Republic Water Management Authority , Zbornik radova na CD-u, ISBN
    86-85079-01-2, ISSN 1862-3395, Intergeoeast, Conference For Landmanagement, Geoinformation,
    Building Industry, Environment, Beograd, Srbija i Crna Gora, 2006
16. Srdjan Popov, Miro Govedarica, Dubravka Boškovic, Vladimir Pajic, Dušan Jovanovic (SR),
    Concepts for 3D geo-visualization and monitoring changes of water surfaces in urban and sub-urban
    zones, InterGeo East 2007, Conference for Landmanagement, Geoinformation, Building Industry,
    Envoironment; 4th International Conference; Recent Problems in Geodesy and Related Fields with
    International Importance, CD - Zbornik radova ,Sofia, Bulgaria

Milorad Miloradov, SrĊan Kolaković, Ivan Luković, Milinko Vasić, Miro Govedarica, Branko
Milosavljević, Milan Vidaković, Goran Vujić,
VojvoĎanska akademija nauka i umetnosti u Novom Sadu
''Vodoprivredni bilans Vojvodine – optimalno upravljanje i odrţivi razvoj''

Polazeći od utvrĊenog Programa rada za 2006/2007 godinu i od teorijskih osnova definisanih u prethodnoj
godini istraţivanja prouĉene su i obraĊene sledeće taĉke programa predviĊenih da se realizuju u ovoj
godini:
Obavljena je analiza teritorijalne podele podruĉja Vojvodine na bilansne jedinice raspoloţivih površinskih
i posebno podzemnih voda. Na osnovu tih podela zatim su utvrĊeni kljuĉni profili i bilansne jedinice za
obradu vodoprivrednog bilansa za celu teritoriju Vojvodine posebno za obe vrste voda.
Polazeći od teoriskih osnova definisanih u prethodnoj godini istraţiavanja, zatim od teriotorijane podele,
definisanih kljuĉnih profila i raspoloţivih merenja i osmatranja razraĊena je praktiĉna Metodologija za
Na bazi teorijskih osnova za obradu bilansa podzemnih voda definisanih u prethodnoj godini istraţivanja
kao i teritorijalne podele, definisanih kljuĉnih profila i raspoloţivih geoloških i hidrogeoloških podataka
razraĊen je praktiĉan matematiĉki model za obradu bilansa raspoloţivih podzemnih voda.
Obavljena su prouĉavanja namena i vrsta korišćenja voda na teritoriji Vojvodina, preporuke iz Direktiva
evropske unije o potrebnim merenjima za karakterizaciju vodnih tela, korišćenih i ispuštenih voda na
osnovu ĉega je zatim razraĊena Metodologija merenja i prikupljanja podataka o raspoloţivim, zahvaćenim
i ispuštenim vodama posebno za analizu raspoloţivih podzemnih i površinskih voda za sve vrste
korišćenja i upotrebe voda.
                                                                                                                75
Boţo Nikolić, Anita Petrović-Gegić, Ferenc Dujmović, Ileš Feher,
High technical school in Novi Sad
''Continued examinating of Tisa eco-sistem in Martonos Senta sector in 2005''

Continual five-year monitoring of the ecosystem of the Tisa river was also performed in the year 2006.
Some findings, established on the basis of the five-year research of the Tisa ecosystem, which have also
been confirmed in this period are:
1. The effect of the Beĉej Gate on the Tisa ecosystem is pronounced in the summer season when the flow
    rate falls below 250 m3/ sec.
2. Although the Tisa in official standards has been classified to belong to category II, on the stretch
    Martonos–Becej Gate the water quality of the river is of category III.
3. In the period from May 17, to Novemeber 15, 2006 the quality of the Tisa water on the stretch
    Martonoš-Senta was tested once a week, and occasionally upstream of the Beĉej Gate. Also, the
    monitoring encompassed the water quality of the canal Palić-Tisa at Adorjan and of the Kereš stream
    at Adorjan.
On the stretch Martonoš-Kanjiţa, on July 26 and September 20, 2006, local contamination of organic
pollution of the Tisa was identified and monitored via the plankton composition.
During July, the second flood wave was followed by the pestilence of shells Anodonta and Unio pictorum.
This phenomenon can be explained by abrupt oscillations in the Tisa water stage.
The Tisa blooming observed June 18-22, 2006 was of much lower intensity than in the porevious year,
probably because of the big changes in the water stage. During the whole research period, the water of the
Kereš stream was in the category of waste waters. Organic pollution began from Ludoško lake and had a
significant influence on the physiological the fish species. Namely, significant lymphocytosis was
observed in Cyprinus carpio and Carassius carassius caught in the Kereš.
Along its whole flow, the Kereš is loaded with As, Cr, and Cu exceeding MAC values. Also, significant
accumulation of As, Ba, Cu and Sr was found in the plants Plantago major, Sas carex and Phragmites.
Analysis of the contents of heavy metals in the plants Plantago major, Urtica dioica and Phragmites
australis at the 106th km at Senta and 141st km at Kanjiţa showed significant accumulation of Ba, Cd, Cr,
Ni, Pb, Sr, Ti and Zn
Study of the soil contamination by heavy metals of the Tisa on the locations Senta – Ţuti breg and near
Kanjiţa showed that there was no significant difference between the two locations. A marked decrease in
soil contamination of the flood region by heavy metals was observed with the depth of the sampled layer.
Mineralogical composition of the alluvial Tisa region at Senta was determined by X-ray diffraction
method. It showed that in the soil composition prevail quartz, various micas and feldspars and other clay
minerals. Samples are qualitativelz of identical mineralogical composition, but the percentage of particular
components change significantly with the location from which the investigated sample was taken.

Reference:
1. Anita Petrovic-Gegic, Sanja Podunavac Monika Rozsa-Sipos, Kornelija Sabo Berenji Ferenc Feher
   Illes: Hysiological state of fishes and the changes in fish stock composition in the tisa river on the
   stretch martonos - becej gate in the period 2001-2005, 36 th International Conference:Danube River.
   Life. Viena- Klosterneuburg 04.-08. September 2006 Zbornik apstrakta p.85 (CD)
2. Anita Petrović-Gegić Mirjana Vojnović-Miloradov, Kornelija Sabo Cehmajster, Feher Ileš :Toxic
   metals in cultiral plants in the flooded area of the Tisa PSU-UNS International Conference on
   Engineering and Environment - ICEE-2007, Phuket May10-11, 2007, Prince of Songkla University,
   Faculty of Engineering, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand 90112
3. Agnes Ivan: A Körös patak szennyezettségét befolyásoló kedvezőtlen hatások. Prihvaćen diplomski
   rad na Univerzitetu CORVINUS Fakultetu za povrtlarstvo u Budimpešti. Odbrana tokom juna 2007.
4. Illes Feher i sar: Az északbácskai régió legégetőbb környezetvédelmi problémai. MeĊuregionalno
   savetovanje ekologa Karpatskog basena – Kiskunfelegyhaza, 17.-18. 11. 2006. In press
                                                                                                       76
Boţo Nikolić, Anita Petrović-Gegić, Ferenc Dujmović, Ileš Feher,
Viša tehnička škola u Novom Sadu
''Kontinuirano ispitivanje ekosistema reke Tise na deonici Martonoš-Senta u 2005. godini''

Kontinuirano petogodišnje praćenja ekosistema reke Tise sprovedeno je i u 2006. godini. Neke
konstatacije koje su utvrĊene na bazi petogodišnjeg istraţivanja ekosistema Tise, potvrĊene su i u ovom
periodu:
1. Uticaj Beĉejske brane na ekosistem Tise dolazi do izraţaja tokom letnjih meseci kad protok vode pada
    ispod 250 m3/ sec.
2. Iako je reka Tise po sluţbenim standardima svrstana u II klasu kvaliteta na relaciji Martonoš -
    Beĉejska brana kvalitet vode Tise spada u III kategoriju.
3. Od 17. 05. do 15. 11.2006. nedeljno jedanput je praćen kvalitet vode Tise od Martonoša do Sente,a
    povremeno i uzvodno od Beĉejske brane.Praćen je i kvalitet vode kanala Paliĉ – Tisa kod Adorjana i
    potoka Kereš kod Adorjana.
Na deonici Martonoš–Kanjiţa 26.07. i 20.09.2006. je utvrĊeno lokalno zagaĊenje Tise organskim
polutantima praćeno promenom planktonskog sastava. Tokom jula nakon drugog poplavnog talasa u Tisi
je primećen pomor školjki anodonta i unio pictorum. Ta pojava se tumaĉi velikim i naglim oscilacijama u
vodostaju reke Tise.Cvetanje Tise je trajalo od 18. do 22. 06. 2006.Verovatno zbog velikih promena u
vodostaju cvetanje je bilo manjeg intenziteta u odnosu na prethodne godineTokom ĉitavog istraţivaĉkog
perioda kvalitet vode potoka Kereš je bio u kategoriji otpadnih voda. ZagaĊenost se moţe podeliti na
organsko opterećenje i na opterećenost teškim metalima.
Organska zagaĊenost poĉinje od Ludoškog jezera. i znaĉajno utiĉe na fiziološko stanje U krvnoj slici
cyprinus carpio i carassius carassius ulovljenih u potoku Kereš primećena je znaĉajna limfocitoza
Duţ ĉitavog ispitanog toka potok Kereš je opterećen As Cr Cu iznad MDK Znaĉajno je nagomilavanje
As, Ba, Cu i Sr u biljkama plantago major, sas carex i phragmites
Analiza sadrţaja teških metala u biljkama plantago major, urtica dioica i phragmites australis na 106.
reĉnom km kod Sente i 141. km kod Kanjiţe. pokazali su znaĉajno nagomilavanje znaĉajno je
nagomilavanje Ba, Cd, Cr, Ni, Pb, Sr, Ti i Zn.
Ispitivanjem opterećenosti zemljišta teškim metalima plavnog podruĉja Tise na lokalitetima Senta – Ţuti
breg i u blizini Kanjiţe utvrĊeno je nema znaĉajne razlike izmeĊu dva lokaliteta,
Izrazito je smanjenje opterećenosti zemljišta plavnog podruĉja teškim metalima sa povećanjem dubine
uzorkovanog sloja.Minerološki sastav zemljišta u aluvijalnoj oblasti Tise kod Sente odreĊen je merenjem
difrakcije X zraka. Rendgenska difrakcija pokazuje da u zemljištu dominira kvarc, razliĉiti liskuni i
feldspatni minerali, uz detekciju prisustva i drugih tzv. glinenih materijala. Uzorci su jednakog
kvalitativnog minerološkog sastava, ali da se procentualni udeo pojedine komponente znaĉajno menja sa
lokacijom na kojoj je ispitivani materijal uzorkovan.




                                                                                                    77
78
NUTURAL SCIENCES AND MATHEMATICS
  PRIRODNO-MATEMATIČKE NAUKE




                                   79
Silvana Andrić, Danijela Kojić i Tatjana Kostić,
Faculty of Sciences in Novi Sad
"Molecular physiology of Leydig cells in stress response"

The androgen-secreting Leydig cells produce cGMP, but the pathways responsible for generation,
degradation, and actions of this intracellular messenger have been incompletely characterized in these
cells. Here, we show the presence of mRNA transcripts for several elements of cGMP signaling pathways
in purified rat Leydig cells from adult animals, including the membrane-bound and soluble guanylyl
cyclases (mGC and sGC), endothelial and inducible nitric oxide synthases (eNOS and nNOS), the cGMP-
specific phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5), the protein kinase G I (PKG), the multidrug resistance protein 5
(MRP5), and the rode, cone, and olfactory cyclic nucleotide-gated channels (CNGs). Increase in cGMP
levels induced by stimulation of membrane-bound and soluble guanylyl cyclase activities and inhibition of
phosphodiesterase 5 activity as well as the addition of a cell permeable cGMP analog increased basal and
agonist-stimulated androgen production in vitro. Moreover, inhibition of soluble guanylyl cyclase and
PKG activities was accompanied with attenuated androgen production. Immunoprecipitation study
showed phosphorylation of the StAR protein upon the treatment with nitric oxide donors, which was
abolished by the addition of a PKG inhibitor. These results suggest that cGMP contributes to the control
of androgen production in Leydig cells through PKG-dependent phosphorylation of StAR protein.

The ability of stress to interfere with the Leydig cell steroidogenesis has been published previously by
others and our laboratory, but the intracellular signaling pathways involved in this process have not been
identified and described precisely. In this part of our study, we examined the effects of immobilization
stress (1x120 min, 2x120 min within 2 days, and 10x120 min within 10 days) on nitric oxide (NO)-cGMP
signaling pathway in rat Leydig cells from adult rats. Purified Leydig cells were isolated form freely
moving (controls) and immobilized rats, a procedure that required about 8 hr, and were then subjected to
RT-PCR and functional analyses. Results showed that immobilization stress was accompanied with a
decrease in mRNA transcripts for phosphodiesterase 5 and multidrug resistance protein 5 in all three
experimental groups, and with an increase in transcripts for inducible NO synthase in 1x120- and 2x120-
min treatments, whereas the mRNA levels for endothelial NO synthase, soluble guanylyl cyclase, protein
kinase G, and cyclic nucleotide-gated channels were not affected by single and repetitive immobilization.
In parallel, in vivo androgen levels and in vitro Leydig cell steroidogenesis were also affected by 1x120-
and 2x120-min immobilization treatments, but recovered after 10x120-min treatment. Experiments with
inhibitors of soluble guanylyl cyclase revealed the dual effect of stress-induced NO production on Leydig
cells steroidogenesis: inhibitory effect is mediated directly by this messenger, and stimulatory effect is
mediated through NO-dependent cGMP signaling pathway.

Reference:

1.   Andric SA, Kostic TS & Stojilkovic SS (2006): Contribution of multidrug resistance protein -
     MRP5 in control of cGMP intracellular signaling in anterior pituitary cells. Endocrinology 147 (7):
     3435-3445.
2.    Gonzalez-Iglesias AE, Jiang Y, Tomic M, Kretschmannova K, Andric SA, Zemkova H &
     Stojilkovic SS (2006): Dependence of electrical activity and Ca2+ influx-controlled prolactin release
     on adenylyl cyclase signaling pathway in pituitary lactotrophs. Mol Endocrinol 20 (9): 2231-2246.
3.   Kostic T.S. & Andric S.A. (2006): Contribution of cGMP signaling pathway(s) in regulation of
     Leydig cell steroidogenesis. The 31st FEBS Congress: “Molecules in Health and Disease and
     Therapy. Istanbul, Turkey, Jun 24 – Jun 29, 2006. P 11.
4.   Andric SA, & Kostic T.S. (2006): Mlecular physiology of Leydig cell stress response: genes related
     to steroidogenesis and NO-cGMP signaling pathway. The 31st FEBS Congress: “Molecules in
     Health and Disease and Therapy. Istanbul, Turkey, Jun 24 – Jun 29, 2006. P 12.
                                                                                                       80
Silvana Andrić, Danijela Kojić i Tatjana Kostić,
Prirodno-matematički fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Molekularna fiziologija Leyding-ovih ćelija u odgovoru na stres"

S obzirom da je cilj istraţivanja predloţenih ovim projektom bio da se utvrde mehanizmi kojima NO-
cGMP signalni put uĉestvuje u molekularnoj fiziologiji Leydig-ovih ćelija stresiranih pacova i da ne
postoje precizni podaci o angaţovanosti ovog signalnog puta u steroidogenezi, neophodna je
karakterizacija pomenutog signalnog puta i definisanje eventualnih stres reaktivnih efektornih sistema koji
remete produkciju testosterona.
Imajući u vidu da je u prvoj fazi planirana karakterizacija elemenata NO-cGMP signalnog puta i
steroidogenih enzima u Leydig-ovim ćelijama, kao i definisanje obrazca sekrecije testosterona u uslovima
aktivacije ili inhibicije pojedinih elemenata NO-cGMP signalnog puta, prvi korak je bilo izolovanje,
purifikacija i testiranje preparata primarne kulture Leydig-ovih ćelija odraslih muţjaka pacova. Primarna
kultura Leydig-ovih ćelija je korišćena kao izvor RNA za tranaskripcionu analizu u kojoj je karakterisan
profil ekspresije gena elemenata NO-cGMP signalnog puta. Paralelno sa transkripcionom analizom,
radjena je i funkcionalbna analiza, odnosno, definisan je i obrazac sekrecije testosterona u uslovima
aktivacije ili inhibicije pojedinih elemenata NO-cGMP signalnog puta.

Dobijeni rezultati su ukazali na regulatorno angaţovanje NO-cGMP signalnog puta u kontroli produkcije
testosterona u primarnoj kulturi Leydig-ovih ćelija adultnih pacova. Rezultati transkripcione analize su
pokazali prisustvo gena za nekoliko elemenata NO-cGMP puta, ukljuĉujući izoforme membranski vezane
guanilat ciklaze (mGC), kao i citozolnu formu guanilat ciklaze (sGC), endotelijalnu (eNOS) i inducibilnu
formu (iNOS) NO sintaze, cGMP-specifiĉnu fosfodiesterazu (PDE5), protein kinazu G, izoformu I (PKG
I), ABC transporter 5 (MRP5-multidrug resistance protein 5), kao izoforme kanala ĉije je otvaranje
regulisano cikliĉnim nukelotidima (CNG-cyclic nucleotide-gated channels; rode, cone and olfactory).
 Funkcionalna analiza je pokazala da povećanje nivoa cGMP-a, bilo stimulacijom aktivnosti mGC ili sGC,
inhibicijom PDE5, kao i dodatak permeabilnog cGMP analoga, povećava bazalnu produkciju testosterone
u in vitro uslovima. Pored toga, inhibicija aktivnosti sGC i/ili PKG je praćena smanjenom sekrecijom
testosterona. Ogledi u kojima je vršena imunoprecipitacija StAR proteina pokazali su da tretman sa
donorima NO prouzrokuje fosforilaciju StAR proteina i da je ova efekat nestaje ukoliko se primene
inhibitori PKG. Ovi rezultati sugerišu da cGMP ima udela u kontroli produkcije androgena u Leydig-ovim
ćelijama preko PKG-zavisne fosforilacije StAR proteina. Pokazani stimulatorni efekat cGMP na
steroidogenezu u Leydig-ovim ćelijama, koji se ostvaruje postranslacijskom modifikacijom StAR
proteina, predstavlja mogući regulatorni mehanizam zajedniĉki za sve ćelije koje produkuju steroidne
hormone. Pored toga, potrebno je pratiti dinamiku produkcije cGMP-a i testosterona u uslovima
overekspresije enzima odogovornih za endogenu produkciju NO u Leydig-ovim ćelijama (iNOS). Ovo
svakako ne iskljuĉuje mogućnost angaţovanja i drugih efektornih molekula cGMP-singnalnog puta (PDE,
MRP5, CNGs) u regulaciji steroidogeneze Leydig-ovih ćelija.
Pored navedenih, dobijeni su i neki preliminarni rezultati planirani za drugu fazu istraţivanja, a koji se
odnose na stres reaktivni odgovor Leydig-ovih ćelija kao mehanizam adaptacije: RT-PCR analiza
transkripcije elemenata NO-cGMP signalnog puta i steroidogenih enzima u Leydig-ovim ćelijama, kao i
dinamika produkcije cGMP, progesterona kao prekursora testosterona i testosterona, a uslovima razliĉitog
trajanja stresa (1x60 minuta, 2x60 minuta i 10x60 minuta). Dalja istraţivanja su neophodna u cilju
dobijanja preciznijih rezulata dinamike ekspresije gena za proteine ukljuĉene u proces steroidogeneze i
elemente NO-cGMP signalnog puta, kao i sekretorne aktivnosti Leydigo-ovih ćelija.




                                                                                                        81
Slobodan Marković, Jovan Plavša, Lazar Lazić, Ljupĉe Miljković, Minuĉer Mesaroš,
Faculty of Sciences in Novi Sad
"The loess-paleosol sequences of the Vojvodina region – key for understanding of paleoclimate and
paleoenvironmental transition on European land"

        Vojvodina is a region in northern Serbia, located in the south-eastern part of the Carpathian
(Pannonian) Basin, and encompassing the confluence area of the Danube, Sava, and Tisa (Thiess, Tisza)
rivers. More than 60 % of this lowland area is covered with loess and loess-like sediments. The loess-
paleosol sequences in the Vojvodina region are among the oldest and most complete loess successions in
Europe. Thickness of loess reaches about 50 m and comprises several paleosol layers reflecting alternation
of colder and dryer in the contrast to warmer and wetter climate since the late Lower Pleistocene (ca. the
last 850 ka). Despite of their significant importance for understanding of Pleistocene climatic evolution,
the number of published data about loess-paleosol sequences of the area is still low.
        In the frame of this project period our research team together with foreign scientific partners
investigated more than 40 loess sections, all of which are located in the Vojvodinian loess plateaus. The
aim of this project is to propose new ways of investigating loess-paleosol sequences in the Vojvodina
region and to summarize paleoclimatic inferences derived from these diverse exposures, as well as to
compare climatic conditions in the Vojvodina with climatic variability recorded in other parts of the
Eurasian loess belt.
        The main advances of loess research in the Vojvodina region during the last year are: revision of
previous chronostratigraphic interpretations, establishing of new stratigraphic system and providing of
high resolution multi proxy records of Middle and Late Pleistocene climatic and environmental changes.
        The onset of loess-paleosol deposition in investigated area indicate direct link to the temporally
and spatially progressive aridization of interior Eurasia since the lower Pleistocene. Due to high
accumulation rates and widespread occurrence, the most detailed paleoclimatic information is preserved in
loess-paleosol sequences of the last five glacial-interglacial cycles. Our multidisciplinary results provide
valuable data for detailed reconstruction of natural processes coupled with climatic change during the late
Lower, Middle and Late Pleistocene and correlation with equivalent records from Central Europe and the
Black Sea coast to Central Asia and China.
Scientific success of this project is confirmed by quite large list of publications including 2 published
papers in high ranking per reviewed journal Quaternary International (Marković et al., 2006; Machalett et
al., 2006), 2 accepted papers (Marković et al., acceepted a, b), 4 manuscripts submitted to leading geo-
science journals, as well as 15 (plenary, oral and poster) presentations on international scientific
conferences. During the project period was organize in Novi Sad (29 September-02 October 2006)
Danube loess symposium as official meeting of INQUA Loess sub-commission. Collection of invited
papers presented on this conference will be published in a special issue of Quaternary International edited
by S.B. Marković, I. Smalley, P. Antoine and U. Hambach. In the frame of this project 2 young scientists
finish their master thesis.

Refernce:

1. Marković, S.B., Oches, E., Sümegi, P., Jovanović, M., Gaudenyi, T. (2006): An introduction to the
   Upper and Middle Pleistocene loess-paleosol sequences of Ruma section (Vojvodina, Serbia).
   Quaternary International 149, 80-86.
2. Machalett, B., Frechen, M., Hambach, U., Oches, E.A., Zöller, L., Marković, S.B. (2006): Results of
   luminescence dating of the long loess sequence of Remisowka, Nortern Boundary of Tien-Shan
   Mountains, Kazakhstan. Quaternary International 152-153, 203-212.
3. Marković, S.B., Bokhorst, M, Vandenberghe, J., Oches, E.A., Zöller, L., McCoy, W.D., Gaudenyi, T.,
   Jovanović, M., Hambach, U., Machalett, B. (accepted) a: Late Pleistocene loess-paleosol sequences in
   the Vojvodina region, North Serbia. Journal of Quaternary Science.
                                                                                                         82
4. Marković, S.B., Hambach, U., Gaudenyi, T., Jovanović, M., Savić, S., Zöller, L., Machalett, B.,
   Milojković, N., Lukić, T. (accepted) b: An introduction to the Late Pleistocene loess-paleosol
   sequences of Susek section (Vojvodina, Serbia). Geographica Pannonica.

Slobodan Marković, Jovan Plavša, Lazar Lazić, Ljupĉe Miljković, Minuĉer Mesaroš,
Prirodno-matematički fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Lesno-paleozemljišne sekvence Vojvodine-ključ za razumevanje paleoklimatske i paleoekološke
tranzicije na evropskom kopnu"

         Vojvodina se nalazi na severu Srbije, odnosno u jugoistoĉnom delu Panonskog basena. Ovaj
prostor predstavlja meĊureĉje velikih evropskih reka Dunava, Tise i Save. Više od 60 % ovog nizijskog
podruĉja prekrivaju les i lesu sliĉni sedimenti.Lesno-paleozemljišne sekvence u Vojvodini se ubrajaju u
najstarije i najkompletnije lesne sedimente u Evropi. Moćnost lesnih sedimenata prelazi i 50 m ukljuĉujući
i fosilna zemljišta odraţavajući naizmeniĉno smenjivanje hladne i suve, odnosno tople i vlaţnije klime
poĉev od poznog donjeg pleistocena, odnosno posldnjih pribliţno 850.000 godina. Uprkost neospornom
znaĉaju razumevanja evolucije pleistocene klimatske evolucije u ovom delu Evrope, broj publikovanih
radova lesno-paleozemljišnim sekvencama Vojvodine je još uvek mali.
         Tokom ovog projektong perioda naš istraţivaĉki tim je zajedno sa inostranim partnerima istaţivao
više od 40 lesnih profila lociranih na razliĉitim lesnim platoima u Vojvodini. ilj ovog projekta je da
ustanovi nove vidove istraţivanja lesno-paleozemljišnih sekvenci u Vojvodini, da sumira rezultate
istraţivanja pomenutih lesnih profila, kao i da se uporede klimatske varijacije ustanovljene u Vojvodini sa
rekonstrukcijom paleoklime u drugim delovim evroazijskog lesnog pojasa
         Najznaĉajniji napredak u prouĉavanju lesnih naslaga Vojvodine tokom protekle godine ostvaren je
oblasti revizije predhodnih hronostratigrafskih interpretacija, ustanovljenja novog stratigrafskog sistema i
kreiranja više obraznih detaljnih arhiva srednje i gornje pleistocenih promena klime i ţivotne sredine.
         UtvrĊeni mehanizam deponovanja vojvoĊanskih lesno-paleozemljišnih sekvenci ukazuje na
direktnu prostorno-vremensku sinhronizaciju sa napredovanjem aridizacije u unutrašnjosti evroazijskog
kopna poĉev donjeg pleistocena. Na osnovu izrazito visokih stopa sedimentacije, kao i širokog
rasprostranjenja najdetaljnije paleoklimatske informacije su saĉuvane u lesno-paleozemljišnim
sekvencama deponovanim tokom poslednjih 5 glacijalno-interglacijalnih ciklusa. Naša multidisciplinarna
istraţivanja otkrivaju detaljnu i pouzdanu rekonstrukciju evolucije odvijanja prirodnih procesa izazvanih
klimatskim promenama tokom donjeg, srednjeg i gornjeg pleistocena.
         O uspešnosti realizovanih istraţivanja svedoĉi velik broj referenci koje obuhvataju: 2 objavljena
rada (Marković et al., 2006; Machalett et al.,, 2006), 2 rada prihvaćena za štampu u ĉasopisima (Marković
et al., acceepted a, b), 4 rada koju su trenutno u procesu recenzije, kao i 15 (plenarnih, oralnih i poster)
prezentacija na meĊunarodnim nauĉnim konferencijama. Tokom projektnog perioda organizovan je
veoma znaĉajan nauĉni skup (29 September-02 October 2006) Danube loess symposium kao oficijani
skup INQUA Loess sub-commission. Izabrani radovi sa ovog skupa će biti objavljeni u specijalnom
izadnju ĉasopisa Quaternary International, a gostujući editori su S.B. Marković, I. Smalley, P. Antoine i
U. Hambach. Projektna istraţivanja su podrazumevala i ukljuĉivanje mladih istraţivaĉa, tako da su tokom
prošle godine odbranjena 2 magistarska rada iz ove oblasti.




                                                                                                         83
Ištvan Bikit, Miroslav Vesković, Jaroslav Slivka, Dušan MrĊa, Sofija Forkapić,
Faculty of Sciences in Novi Sad
"The adaptation of the germanium detector active shield for low energy gamma region"

During the first year of the project the active shield was tested both in coincidence and anticoincidence
mode. The fast coincidence circuit revealed pulse saturation effects resulting in faster than light like
events. In coincidence mode the cross sections for cosmic muon induced X-rays have been measured far
below 100 keV. For the low energy component of background stemming from Pb-210 bremsstrahlung,
which can not be eliminated by active vetoing, the mathematical algorithm was developed which enables
the estimation and subtraction from the sample spectra. The first overall tests of the anticoincidence
vetoing reached high vetoing efficiencies till 30 keV which is significantly below the range of the
presently reported active veto shields.

Reference:

1.   I.Bikit, D.Mrdja, I.Anicin, M.Veskovic, S.Forkapic: "Faster than light-like-events" in cosmic ray
     vetoing, 20th ECRS – European Cosmic Ray Symposium (2006), Portugal, Lisbon,
     http://www.lip.pt/events/2006/ecrs/proc/
2.   I.Bikit, D.Mrdja, I.Anicin, M.Veskovic, S.Forkapic: Cross Section for X-ray production by Cosmic
     Muons, Journal of Research in Physics (Accepted for publication)
3.   D.Mrdja, I.Bikit, J.Slivka: The 210Pb bremsstrahlung component in the background spectrum of
     lead shielded γ-spectrometers, 20th ECRS – European Cosmic Ray Symposium (2006), Portugal,
     Lisbon http://www.lip.pt/events/2006/ecrs/proc/
4.   I.Bikit, D.Mrdja, S.Forkapic, N.Todorovic, M.Veskovic, J.Slivka. LJ.Conkic, M.Krmar and
     E.Varga: Study of Active Shielding for Gamma-Spectrometers, CP831, Frontiers in Nuclear
     Structure, Astrophysics and Reactions: FINUSTAR edited by S.V.Harissopulos, P.Demetriou and
     R.Julin, (2006) American Institute of Physics 0-7354-0323-6/06




                                                                                                      84
Ištvan Bikit, Miroslav Vesković, Jaroslav Slivka, Dušan MrĊa, Sofija Forkapić,
Prirodno-matematički fakultet u Novom Sadu
"PrilagoĎavanje aktivne zaštite germanijumskog spektrometra za nisko-energetski region"

U proteklom istraţivaĉkom periodu, izvršen je niz merenja uz odgovarajuće prilagoĊavanje koincidentne
elektronike radi postizanja što niţe energetske oblasti, kako u germanijumskom, tako i u plastiĉnim
detektorima. Pokazano je da se efikasno razdvajanje šuma od signala u grani plastiĉnog detektora ne moţe
postići bez dodatnog brzog pojaĉavaĉa (Timing Filter Amplifier). Posle dodatka ovog pojaĉavaĉa u
plastiĉnoj grani je signal koji odgovara energiji od 50 keV jasno odvojen od šuma. Na ovaj naĉin plastiĉni
(mionski detektori) registrovali su impulse u intervalu od 50 keV-60 MeV.
U germanijumskoj grani su se od šuma mogli jasno izdvojiti signali visine 30 keV, tako što su
ogovarajućim brzim pojaĉavaĉem signali u koincidentnoj grani veći od 1 MeV dovedeni u saturaciju.
Ovom tehnikom, sem diskriminacije fona, postignuto je i izuzetno dobro vremensko razlaganje od 40 ns.
Pri ovom vremenskom razlaganju su uoĉena dva vrha u vremenskom spekru, od kojih se prvi registruje
prividno u oblasti nadsvetlosnih brzina. Detaljnom analizom je pokazano da se ovaj efekat moţe
protumaĉiti i kao posledica saturacije signala koji dolaze u brzi diskriminator. Neoĉekivano , brzi
(Constant Fraction) diskriminator u ovim uslovima radi kao anlizator oblika signala. Ovaj rezultat je
saopšten u referenci br. 1.
Koincidentni sistem, podešen na gore opisan naĉin omogućio je detekciju X-zraka indukovanih
kosmiĉkim mionima. Do sada su izvršena dugotrajna (po 10 dana) merenja u kojima su detektovani X-
zraci iz meta zlata, volframa i olova. Analizom podataka odreĊena je verovatnoća za produkciju x-zraka u
ovim materijalima. Ovaj rezultat je saopšten u referenci br.2.
Pokazano je da se aktivnim tehnikama zaštite ne moţe otkloniti uticaj kontaminacije olovne zaštite sa Pb-
210 na niskoenergetski spektralni region, ali se zakoĉno zraĉenje iz ovog izotopa moţe izraĉunati pomoću
semiempirijskog metoda i oduzeti od izmerenih spektara. Ovaj znaĉajan rezultat je detaljno opisan u
referenci br.3.
Uticaj aktivne zaštite na fon niskoenergetskog dela spektra detaljno je opisan u radu 4, gde je pokazano da
je i preliminarnim podešavanjem fon smanjen za oko tri puta.
Tokom istraţivanja je uoĉeno da se koincidentna efikasnost ne moţe podjednako postići za promptne i
zakasnele fonske dogaĊaje. Istraţivanje ovih efekata, kao i uhodavanje skupljanja podataka u LIST –
multiparametarskom modu biće predmet daljih istraţivanja.




                                                                                                        85
Vukadin Leovac, Katalin Mészáros Szécsényi, Valerija Ĉešljević, Ljiljana Jovanović, Violeta Jevtović,
Ljiljana Vojinović-Ješić,
Faculty of Sciences in Novi Sad
"Transition metal complexes with some Schiff bases and pyrazole derivatives"

A detailed UV-Vis spectral analysis of earlier synthesized paramagnetical complexes of Ni(II) with ONO
pyridoxal semi- (PLSC) and ONS thiosemicarbazone (PLTSC) ligands of the formulae of
Ni(PLSC)X2.nH2O (X = Cl, NO3, NCS) and the diamagnetical [Ni(PLSC–H)py]NO3 and [Ni(PLSC–
H)NCS] was performed. XRD single crystal analysis of Ni(PLSC)(NO3)2.3H2O has shown an octahedral
structure which is established by the coordination of a neutral PLSC molecule together with three water
molecules. On the contrary, Ni(PLSC–H)py]NO3 possesses a square-planar structure. In both complexes
the pyridoxal residue exists in its zwitterionic form. With the tridentate ONN pyridoxal guanylhydrazone
(PLAG) a square pyramidal complex of copper(II), [Cu(PLAG)Cl2] and square planar Pd(PLAG)X2 (X =
Cl, NCS) complexes were obtained. By single crystal XRD analysis the tridentate ONO Girard-T
hydrazone of salycilaldehyde ([H2SalGT]Cl2) and its two isostructural square pyramidal Cu(II) complexes
of general formulae [Cu(HSalGT)X2].H2O (X = Cl, Br) were characterized. There were investigated
reactions of ammin complexes of zinc(II) and cadmium(II) chlorides with bidentate NN 3,5-
dimethylpyrazole-1-carboxamidinium nitrate (HL.HNO3) when a dimeric octahedral [Cd(HL)Cl]2(NO3)2
complex with chlorides in the role of bridging atoms and a monomeric square pyramidal [Zn(HL)Cl]NO3
compound was obtained. At the end, an FT-IR and Raman spectroscopic analysis was performed in detail,
together with a theoretical study of 3,5-dimethyl-1-thiocarboxamidepyrazole ligand (L) and its earlier
synthesized and thermally characterized dimeric complexes of Co2L2Cl4, Cu2L2Cl4, and Cu2L2Br2.

Reference:

1. Nemcsok, D., Kovács, A., Mészáros Szécsényi, K., Leovac, V. M, “Vibrational spectroscopic and
    theoretical study of 3,5-dimethyl-1-thiocarboxamide pyrazole (L) and the complexes Co2L2Cl4,
    Cu2L2Cl4 and Cu2L2Br2”, Chem. Phys. 328 (2006) 85-92.
2. Leovac, V. M., Bogdanović, G. A., Ĉešljević, V. I., Jovanović, Lj. S., Novaković, S. B., Vojinović-
    Ješić, Lj. S.
   "Transition metal complexes with Girard reagent-based ligands Part III. Synthesis and characterization
    of salicylaldehyde Girard-T hydrazone complexes. Crystal structure of ligand and two isostructural
    copper(II) complexes", Struct. Chem., 18 (2007) 113-118.
3. Leovac, V. M., Jovanović, Lj. S., Divjaković, V., Pevac, A., Leban, I., Armbrusten, T.
    ''Transition metal complexes with thiosemicarbazide-based ligands. Part LIV. Nickel(II) complexes
    with pyridoxal semi- (PLSC) and thiosemicarbazone (PLTSC). Crystal and molecular structure of
    [Ni(PLSC)(H2O)3](NO3)2 and [Ni(PLTSC-H)py]NO3'', Polyhedron, 26 (2007) 49-58.
4. K. Mészáros Szécsényi, V. M. Leovac, I. Radosavljević Evans, A. Kovács, G. Pokol, B. Holló, J.
    Magyari, Thermal decomposition of transition metal complexes with pyrazole-type ligands,
    synthetisezed under controlled reaction conditions, ESTAC 9, Kraków, Poland, Aug. 2006, Book of
    Abstracts, p.20, FPL-O-02.
5. B. Holló, V. M. Leovac, K. Mészáros Szécsényi, Reactions of hexaammincadmium(II)- and
    tetraamminzinc(II)-chloride with 3,5-dimethylpyrazole-1-carboxamidinium nitrate, 45th Meeting of
    the Serbian Chemical Society, Novi Sad, jan. 2007, Proceedings,Full length paper, NH03, pp. 198-
    201.
6. Leovac, V. M., Vujĉić, S., ''Synthesis and structure of CuCl2 with pyridoxal guanylhydrazone,
    [CuCl2(PLAG)]'', 45th Meeting of the Serbian Chemical Society, Novi Sad, jan. 2007, NH5, p. 77.




                                                                                                      86
Vukadin Leovac, Katalin Mészáros Szécsényi, Valerija Ĉešljević, Ljiljana Jovanović, Violeta Jevtović,
Ljiljana Vojinović-Ješić,
Prirodno-matematički fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Kompleksi prelaznih metala sa nekim Šifovim bazama i derivatima pirazola"


Izvršena je detaljna UV-Vis spektroskopska analiza ranije sintetizovanih paramagnetiĉnih kompleksa
Ni(II) sa tridentatnim ONO semi- (PLSC) i ONS tiosemi- (PLTSC) karbazonom piridoksala opšte formule
Ni(PLSC)X2•nH2O (X=Cl, NO3, NCS) i dijamagnetiĉnih kompleksa [Ni(PLSC-2H)NH3]•1,5H2O,
[Ni(PLTSC-H)py]NO3 i [Ni(PLTSC-H)NCS]. Rentgenska strukturna analiza (RTG) kompleksa
Ni(PLSC)(NO3)2•3H2O je pokazala da isti ima oktaedarsku strukturu koja se ostvaruje koordinacijom,
osim jednog neutralnog molekula PLSC, i koordinacijom tri molekula vode. Za razliku od njega
[Ni(PLTSC-H)py]NO3 ima kvadratno-planarnu strukturu. U oba kompleksa piridoksalni ostatak se nalazi
u obliku zwitter-jona. Sa tridentatnim ONN guanilhidrazonom piridoksala (PLAG) sintetizovan je
kvadratno-piramidalni kompleks bakra [Cu(PLAG)Cl2] i kvadratno-planarni Pd(PLAG)X2 (X=Cl, NCS).
Metodom RTG analize okarakterisan je tridentatni ONO Ţirar-T hidrazon salicilaldehida ([H2SalGT]Cl) i
njegova dva izostrukturna kvadratno-piramidalna kompleksa sa Cu(II) opšte formule
[Cu(HSalGT)X2]•H2O (X=Cl, Br). Ispitane su i reakcije amonijaĉnih kompleksa cinka(II) i
kadmijuma(II) sa bidentatnim NN 3,5-dimetil-pirazol-1-karboksamidinijum nitratom (HL•HNO3) pri
ĉemu su dobijeni dimerni oktaedarski [Cd(HL)2Cl]2(NO3)2 sa dva hlora u ulozi mosta i kvadratno-
piramidalni monomerni [Zn(HL)2Cl]NO3. Na kraju, uraĊena je detaljna FT-IR i Raman spektroskopska i
teorijska studija liganda 3,5-dimetil-1-tiokarboksamid pirazola (L) i njegovih ranije sintetizovanih i
termiĉki okarakterisanih dimernih kompleksa Co2L2Cl4, Cu2L2Cl4 i Cu2L2Br2.




                                                                                                   87
Ferenc Gaál, Biljana Abramović, Luka Bjelica, János Csanádi, Valéria Guzsvány, Vesna Andreluh,
Academy of Sciences and Arts of Vojvodina in Novi Sad
"Development of chemical methods of analysis of neonicotinoids and pyridine-carboxilic acid
derivatives"

A method was optimized for the determination of imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, acetamiprid and
thiacloprid by HPLC/TLS and HPLC/DAD techniques, for the assaying of these insecticides in real
samples of river water, potato, pepper and honey. To determine the contents of this insecticides in honey
and pollen samples the applicability of the following clean-up columns was investigated: Strata C18-E,
Strata FL-PR, Strata X, Extrelut@NT20 and Waters Sep C-18. For cleaning-up honey samples the most
efficient appeared column Strata C-18-E. In the case of pollen, there is a need for further investigations to
achieve a satisfactory selectivity of the method.
Acetamiprid and thiacloprid, the neonicotinoids with a cyanoimine functional group, were characterised
by voltammetric method. The cyclic voltammograms of these compounds are characterized by a reduction
peak at about 1.5V (vs. SCE). The glassy carbon electrode Sigri HTT 2400 appeared to be applicable at
such a negative potential. It was found that the reduction peak changes its shape with the change in pH of
the supporting medium, and pH 3.0 appeared to be suitable for the determination of acetamiprid, the
detection limit for the model system being 10 ppm. The method was tested for controlling the quality of
its commercial formulation "Volley".
The appropriate two-dimensional 1H NMR and 13C NMR (homo- and heteronuclear) methods were
developed, as well as the method for identifying the quaternary carbon atoms for monitoring the
photocatalytic degradation on TiO2 catalyst.
A derivative spectrophotometric method was developed for the selective determination of picloram and
triclopyr in a mixture. To optimize the determination of these herbicides the effect of pH on the
appearance of their spectra was studied. The determinations were carried out at pH 3.2. For the
determination of picloram use was made of the first derivative of its spectrum at 232 nm, whereas
triclopyr was determined from the second derivative, measured at 211 nm. The achieved detection limits
were 0.08 and 0.03 g/cm3 for picloram and triclopyr, respectively. The developed method appeared to be
convenient for the determination of picloram and triclopyr in the formulations of these pesticides.

Reference:

1.   B. F. Abramović, V. B. Anderluh, F. F. Gaál, D. V. Šojić, "Investigation of the stability of
     herbicides picloram and triclopyr", 5th International Conference of the Chemical Societies of the
     South-East European Countries, September 10-14, Ohrid, Macedonia, ECH1, 2006, 263.
2.   B. Abramović, V. Anderluh, F. Gaál, D. Šojić, "Derivative spectrophotometric determination of
     herbicides picloram and triclopyr in mixtures", (sent in press, review and our comments are
     enclosed)
3.   V. Guzsvány, S. Lazić, F. Gaál, "Determination of Neonicotinoid Insecticides in Honey by Solid-
     phase Extraction and High-performance Liquid Chormatography", 6th European Pesticide Residue
     Workshop (EPRW) 2006, May 21-25, Corfu Island, Greece, 2006, 148.
4.   V. Guzsvány, M. Franko, P. Trebše, F. Gaál, S. Lazić, "Comparison of solid-phase extraction
     procedures for determining neonicotinoid insecticides in honey by liquid chromatography", 1st
     European Chemistry Congress, August 27-31, Budapest, Hungary, 2006, HS-IL-25, 197.
5.   I. Meljaĉ, A. Madţgalj, V. Guzsvány, F. Gaál, P. Trebše, M. Franko, "HPLC Determination of
     Neonicotinoid Insecticides in Honey and Pollen", 12th International Symposium on Separation
     Sciences, September 27-29, Lipica, Slovenia, 2006, P28, 160-162.
6.   V. Guzsvány, A. Madţgalj, P. Trebše, F. Gaál, M. Franko, "Determination of Some Neonicotinoid
     Insecticides by Liquid Chromatography with Thermal Lens Spectrometric Detection",
     Environmental Chemistry Letters (accepted for publication)
                                                                                                          88
7.   V. Guzsvány, "Contribution to the Characterisation and Determination of Some Neonicotinoids",
     Doctoral thesis, Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad, 2006 (on serbian)
8.   V. Anderluh, B. Abramović, D. Šojić, F. Gaál, "Application of derivative spectrophotometric
     method for determination of triclopyr and picloram in commercial formulations", 45th Meeting of
     the Serbian Chemical Society, Novi Sad, January 25-26, AH 2, 2007, 36.
9.   M. Bavcon-Kralj, V. Guzsvány, A. Madţgalj, A. Boškin, P. Trebše, F. Gaál, M. Franko,
     "Application of Bioanalytical and Laser Techniques in Evaluation of Pesticide Removal by
     Advanced Oxidation Methods", 2nd EMCO workshop, April 26-27, Belgrade, 2007 (accepted for
     oral presentation)

Ferenc Gaál, Biljana Abramović, Luka Bjelica, János Csanádi, Valéria Guzsvány, Vesna Andreluh,
VojvoĎanska akademija nauka i umetnosti u Novom Sadu
"Razvoj hemijskih metoda analize neonikotinoida i derivata piridin-karboksilne kiseline"

Optimizovana je metoda odreĊivanja imidakloprida, tiametoksama, acetamiprida i tiakloprida HPLC/TLS
i HPLC/DAD tehnikama i ispitivana je njihova primenjivost pri odreĊivanju ovih insekticida iz realnih
uzoraka reĉne vode, krompira, paprike i meda. Radi kontrole sadrţaja pomenutih insekticida u uzorcima
meda i polena ispitivane su kolone za preĉišćavanje: Strata C18-E, Strata FL-PR, Strata X,
Extrelut@NT20 i Waters Sep C-18. Za preĉišćavanje meda najefikasnija je kolona Strata C-18-E. U
sluĉaju polena postoji potreba za dalja ispitivanja radi postizanja zadovoljavajuće selektivnosti metode.
Izvršena je voltametrijska karakterizacija acetamiprida i tiakloprida, neonikotinoida sa cijanoiminskom
funkcionalnom grupom. Na cikliĉnim voltamogramima ovih jedinjenja moţe se zapaziti redukcioni pik na
oko -1,5V. Elektroda na bazi staklastog ugljenika (Sigri, HTT 2400) se pokazala pogodnom za rad i pri
tako negativnim vrednostima potencijala. UtvrĊeno je da redukcioni signal menja svoj oblik usled
promene pH vrednosti sredine. pH 3,0 je pogodna sredina za odreĊivanje acetamiprida ovom tehnikom, sa
granicom odreĊivanja od 10 ppm dobijenim za model sistem. Metoda je testirana za kontrolu kvaliteta
komercijalne formulacije acetamiprida "Volley".
Razvijene su pogodne 1H NMR, 13C NMR, dvodimenzionalne (homo i heteronuklearne), kao i metode za
dokazivanje kvaternernih ugljenikovih atoma za praćenje fotokatalitiĉke degradacije acetamiprida na TiO 2
katalizatoru.
Razvijena je derivativna spektrofotometrijska metoda za selektivno odreĊivanje piklorama i triklopira u
smeši. U cilju optimizacije odreĊivanja ovih herbicida ispitan je uticaj pH na izgled njihovih spektara.
OdreĊivanja su vršena pri pH 3,2. Za odreĊivanje piklorama se koristi prvi izvod spektra, merenjem
signala na 232 nm, dok je za odreĊivanje triklopira optimalna primena drugog izvoda spektra, merenjem
signala na 211 nm. Granica detekcije razraĊenih postupaka je 0,08 g/cm3 za pikloram i 0,03 g/cm3 za
triklopir. Derivativna spektrofotometrijska metoda se pokazala pogodnom za odreĊivanje piklorama i
triklopira u smeši i u formulacijama pesticida.




                                                                                                      89
Svetlana Lukić, Imre Gut, Fedor Skuban, Goran Štrbac, Mirjana Šiljegović,
Faculty of Sciences in Novi Sad
"Technology of Obtaining and Characterization of Amorphous Semiconductors"

Physical parameters of chalcogenide glasses can vary in a wide range of their values, depending on the
starting material and technology of their preparation. As a rule, the parameters change as linear or, at least,
monotonous functions of the concentration of the given substituent.
Since the activities in the first year of the project were concerned with finding most convenient
technological procedure for preparing bulk chalcogenide glasses, in the second year it was possible to
prepare different compositions and conduct characterization of particular systems. Studies of the thermal,
mechanical, electrical and optical properties of amorphous materials showed that these characteristics are
predominantly influenced by the system composition.
The process of synthesis by the method of cascade heating to maximal temperature and air annealing was
carried out in a programmable rotational oven, specially constructed and modified to meet the requirments
of this research. Of special significance was the determination of the optimal heating rate in the particular
phases of the cascade process, that is the determination of the optimal time-temperature diagram.
The X-ray diffraction and polarization microscopy confirmed high degree of amorphousness of the
synthesized samples of the type SbxAs37-xS48I15, since no optical effects were registered which would
indicate potential presence of crystalline centers in the obtained material. Also, the absence of diffraction
maxima on the X-ray patterns confirmed the amorphous structure. This was an indication that the selected
technological process was appropriate for preparing glasses in the mentioned system. It was shown that
the increase in the antimony fraction in the composition of investigated glasses increased significantly the
glass softening temperature that is the thermal stability of the material.
Using samples of the type (As2Se3)100x(SbSI)x, differential scanning calorimetry was employed to
determine the softening temperature, temperature of crystallization of particular crystallization centers in
the amorphous matrix, and melting temperatures of the nuclei formed, as well as enthalpy values of the
corresponding phase transformations, which were also most directly checked by high-temperature X-ray
diffraction. The diffraction analysis showed that the change of the fraction of Sb, S and I had a significant
effect on the redistribution of structural elements in the amorphous matrix.
Using glasses of the type [(As2S3)x(GeS2)1-x]1-y(Er2S3)y thermomechanical parameters were determined by
dilatometric method. It was found that the values of the coefficient of linear expansion in the solid and
visco-plastic phases, as well as softening temperature, were in direct correlation with the erbium content
in the glass structural network.
Finally, on semiconducting glasses of the type Cux(AsSe1.4I0.2)100-x electric conductivity measurements
were performed in the frequency range from 100 Hz to 20 MHz at room temperature. It was found that the
presence of copper in the matrix had a significant effect on the level and character of electric conductivity

Reference:

1.   G. Štrbac, S.R. Lukić, F. Skuban, D.D. Štrbac, Technology of Obtaining and Glass Transition
     Temperature of Chalcohalides with Arsenic and Antimony, Proc. 50th ETRAN Conference, Beograd,
     tom IV, 247-250. 2006.
2.   V.B. Petrović, S.R. Lukić, M.V. Šiljegović, F. Skuban, Thermomechanical parameters of non-
     crystalline chalcogenides in the As-S-Ge-Er system, 7th International Balkan Workshop on Applied
     Physics. 5-7 July 2006, Constanta, Romania, Book of Abstracts, S1 P86, p. 92, 2006.
3.   Fedor Skuban, Svetlana R. Lukić, Imre O. Gúth and Goran Štrbac, High-Temperature X-Ray
     Analysis of the Chalcogenide Glasses in the Multicomponent SbAsSSeI System, August 2006.
     Istanbul, 6th International Conference of the Balkan Physical Union, BPU-6, Book of Abstracts,
     2006, p. 845.

                                                                                                            90
4.   S. R. Lukić, D. M. Petrović, I.O.Gut, M.I. Avramov, Complex non-crystalline chalcogenides:
     technology of preparation and spectral characteristics, Journal of Research in Physics, 30, 2 (2006)
     111-1305.
5.   Miloš Slankamenac, S.R. Lukić, Electrical Conductivity of Chalcogenide Glassy Semiconductors of
     the Cu-As-Se-I System, VI Simpozijum Industrijska elektronika – Indel 2006, Banja Luka, 10- 11.
     Novembar 2006., Zbornik radova, 20-22, 2006.


Svetlana Lukić, Imre Gut, Fedor Skuban, Goran Štrbac, Mirjana Šiljegović,
Prirodno-matematički fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Tehnologija dobijanja i karakterizacija neureĎenih poluprovodnika"

        Fiziĉki parametri halkogenidnih stakala mogu se menjati u širokom dijapazonu njihovih vrednosti
u zavisnosti od poĉetnog sastava materijala, kao i same tehnologije dobijanja uzoraka. Po pravilu
parametri se menjaju kao linearne ili bar kao monotone funkcije koncentracije odreĊenog supstituenta.
        Kako su u prvoj godini istraţivanja na projektu bila usmerena na utvrĊivanje najprihvatljivijeg
tehnološkog postupka za dobijanje balk halkogenida, u drugoj godini bilo je mogućno pripremiti razliĉite
sastave i izvršiti karakterizaciju pojedinih sistema. Ispitivanje termiĉkih, mehaniĉkih, elektriĉnih i optiĉkih
osobina amorfnih materijala pokazala su da ove osobine dominantno zavise od sastava sistema.
        Proces simteze Metodom kaskadnog zagrevanja do maksimalne temperature i kaljenjem na
vazduhu je vršen u programabilnoj rotacionoj koja je posebno konstruisana i modifikovana prema
zahtevima ovih istraţivanja. Poseban znaĉaj dat je odreĊivanju optimalne brzine grejanja u pojedinim
fazama kaskadnog procesa zagrevanja, odnosno u odreĊivanju najboljeg vremensko-temperaturnog
dijagrama sinteze.
        Rentgenska difrakcija i polarizaciona mikroskopija potvrdile su visok stepen amorfnosti
sintetisanih uzoraka tipa SbxAs37-xS48I15 s obzirom da optiĉki nisu registrovani bilo kakvi efekti koji bi
ukazivali na eventualno prisustvo kristalnih centara u dobijenom materijalu, a odsustvo difrakcijonih
maksimuma na dobijenom rentgenogramu potvrdilo je neureĊenu strukturu. Ovo je ukazalo da se moţe
smatrati da je odabran tehnološki proces pogodan za dobijanje stakala u pomenutom sistemu. Pokazano je
da povećanje udela antimona u sastavima stakala znaĉajno povišava temperaturu razmekšavanja, te samim
tim povećava i termiĉku stabilnost materijala.
        Na uzorcima tipa (As2Se3)100x(SbSI)x snimanja metodom diferencijalno skenirajuće kalorimetrije
imala su za cilj utvrĊivanje temperature razmekšavanja, temperature kristalizacije pojedinih kristalnih
centara u amorfnoj matrici i taĉke topljenja formiranih nukleusa, kao i entalpijske vrednosti odgovarajućih
faznih transformacija što je najdirektnije proveravano i metodom visokotemparaturne rendgenske
difrakcije. Difrakciona analiza je pokazala da izmena udela Sb, S i I znaĉajno utiĉe na preraspodelu
strukturnih elemenata graĊe u amorfnoj matrici.
        Na staklima tipa [(As2S3)x(GeS2)1-x]1-y(Er2S3)y odreĊeni su termomehaniĉki parametri
dilatometrijskom metodom. UtvrĊeno je da su vrednosti koeficijenata linearnog širenja u ĉvrstoj i
viskozno-plastiĉnoj fazi, kao i temperature razmekšavanja u direktnoj korelaciji sa sadrţajem erbijuma u
strukturnoj mreţi stakla.
        Na uzorcima poluprovodniĉkih stakala tipa Cux(AsSe1.4I0.2)100-x prouĉavana je elektriĉna
provodnost u frekventnom opsegu od 100 Hz do 20 MHz na sobnoj temperaturi. UtvrĊeno je da prisustvo
bakra u matrici znaĉajno utiĉe na nivo, pa i karakter elektriĉne provodljivosti.




                                                                                                            91
Endre Pap,Ivana Štajner Papuga, Ljubo Nedović,Biljana Mihajlović,Aleksandar Takaĉi, Marta Takaĉ,
Academy of Sciences and Arts of Vojvodina in Novi Sad
"Mathematical Models for Decision Making Under Uncertain Conditions and Their Applications"

    It was a very successful collaboration with scientists from Hungary, Austria, Slovakia and France.
Academician E. Pap, M. Grabisch (France), J. L. Marichal (Luxemburg), R. Mesiar (Slovakia) have
collected materials related aggregation operators and solved many related open problems, which will serve
as a base for their unique monograph on aggregation functions. Special attention is taken on operations-
copulas, which are base for multidiminsional probability distribution functions, and serves in many
theories as risk management, probabilistic metric spaces and fuzzy systems. There were and it will be
published, related papers in international scientific journals. With the collaboration of the partner from
Hungary Budapest Polytechnical University it was organized the common traditional 4th Serbian-
Hungarian      Joint    Symposium       on    Intelligent    Systems    (SISY      2006)    in    Subotica
(http://www.bmf.hu/conferences/sisy2006). Academician E. Pap as an area editor in the leading
international journal Fuzzy Sets and Systems (Elsevier) has very actively collaborated on it, and he was
also a visiting researcher at the university Johann Kepler in Linz and Fuzzy Logic Laboratorium in
Hagenberg.

Reference:

1.    E. Pap, M.Takacs, Two dimensional copulas as important binary aggregation operators, J. Adv.
      Computational Intelligence and Intelligent Informatics, Vol.10, No.4 (2006), 522-526.
2.    M. Takacs, The g-calculus based compositional rule of inference, Journal of Advanced
      Computational Intelligence and Intelligent Informatics, Vol. 10, No.4 (2006), 534-541.
3.    I. Štajner-Papuga, A note on generated pseudo-operations with two parameters as a base for the
      generalized pseudo-Laplace type transform, (Ed. B. Reusch) "Computational Intelligence, Theory
      and Applications", volume 38 in Advances in Soft Computing (ISSN: 1615-3871, ISBN: 978-3-540-
      34780-4), Springer, 2006, 383-394.
4.    I. Štajner-Papuga, (\oplus,\odot)-Laplace transform as a base for aggregation type operators, Novi
      Sad J. Math. Vol. 36, No. 1 (2006) 103-113.
5.    I. Štajner-Papuga, T. Grbić, M. Dankova, Riemann-Stieltjes type integral based on generated
      pseudo-operations, Novi Sad J. Math. Vol. 36, No. 2 (2006) 111-124.
6.    A. Takaĉi, Handling Priority Within a Database Scenario, ETF Journal of Electrical Engineering,
      2006, 130-134.
7.    E. P. Klement, R. Mesiar, E. Pap, Integrals which can be defined on arbitrary measurable spaces,
      Proc. 28th Linz Seminar on Fuzzy Set Theory "Fuzzy Sets, Probability and Statistics – Gaps and
      Bridges", Linz 2007, 6-10 February 2007, 72-77.
8.    A. Takaĉi. Towards Priority Based Logics, Proceedings IPMU „06, Paris, France, 651-657.
9.    E. Pap, B. Mihailović, Representation of utility functional by two fuzzy integrals, Proceedings
      IPMU'06, Paris, France, 2006, 1710-1717.
10.   E. Pap, M. Roca, An axiomatization of the hybrid probabilistic-possibilistic utility theory,
      Proceedings of the 4th Serbian-Hungarian Joint Symposium on Intelligent Systems, Subotica, 2006
      (SISY 2006), 229-235.
11.   M. Dankova, I. Štajner-Papuga, B. Bede, Pseudo-Fourier Transform, Proceedings of the 4th Serbian
      - Hungarian Joint Symposium On Intelligent Systems, Subotica, 2006 (SISY 2006), 145-153.
12.   I. Štajner-Papuga, T. Grbić, M. Dankova, Riemann-Stieltjes type integral based on generated
      pseudo-operations, Proceedings of the 4th Serbian - Hungarian Joint Symposium On Intelligent
      Systems, Subotica, 2006 (SISY 2006), 247-256.
13.   S. Draţić, S. Jakšić, Lj. Nedović, N. M. Ralević, Digital convex fuzzy hull, Proc. of the 4th Serbian-
      Hungarian Joint Symposium on Intelligent Systems, Subotica, 2006 (SISY 2006), 341-347.
                                                                                                         92
14.   A. Takaĉi, Comparing fuzzy attribute values in FRDB, Proceedings of the 4th Serbian - Hungarian
      Joint Symposium On Intelligent Systems, Subotica, 2006 (SISY 2006), 311-317.
15.   B. Mihailović, E. Pap, Representation of the revised monotone functional by the Choquet integral
      with respect to signed fuzzy measure, Proceedings of the 4th Serbian-Hungarian Joint Symposium
      on Intelligent Systems, Subotica, 2006 (SISY 2006), 237-245.
16.   E. Pap, Analytic properties of aggregation functions for decision making, 7th International
      Symposium on Hungarian Researchers on Computational Intelligence, Budapest, November 24.-25.,
      2006, 117-128.
17.   M. Takács, A. Szeghegyi, C. Pozna, Quick comparison of the efficiency of fuzzy operations used in
      FLC, Proceedings of the 4th Serbian-Hungarian Joint Symposium on Intelligent Systems, Subotica,
      2006 (SISY 2006), 237-245.
18.   M. Takács, Uninorm-Based Residuated Lattice, 7th International Symposium on Hungarian
      Researchers on Computational Intelligence, Budapest, November 24.-25., 2006.
19.   M. Takács, Motion Control Simulation with Special Fuzzy Operators, RAAD 2006, Balatonfured
      2006, izdanje na CD-rom-u.
20.   E. Pap, Non-additive measures and integrals, Proceedings of the 4th Serbian-Hungarian Joint
      Symposium on Intelligent Systems, Subotica, 2006 (SISY 2006), 33-42.


Endre Pap,Ivana Štajner Papuga, Ljubo Nedović,Biljana Mihajlović,Aleksandar Takaĉi, Marta Takaĉ,
VojvoĎanska akademija nauka i umetnosti u Novom Sadu
"Matematički modeli za donošenje odluka pod neodreĎenim uslovima i njihova primena"

Produbljena je uspešna saradnja sa nauĉnicima iz MaĊarske, Austrije, Slovaĉke, Francuske i naše zemlje.
Akademik E. Pap i M. Grabisch (Francuska), J. L. Marichal (Luksemburg), R. Mesiar (Slovaĉka) su
završili sa prikupljanjem materijala vezanih za fundamentalne rezultate vezanih za jedinstvenu
monografiju u svetu o operatorima agregacije u teoriji odluĉivanja. Pritom je rešen dosada veći broj
otvorenih problema. Novi rezultati grupe, koja radi na projektu, vezani za specijalne vaţne operatore, kao
i neaditivne mere, su bili i biće publikovani u vodećim svetskim ĉasopisima za teoriju odluĉivanja, fazi
sisteme i veštaĉku inteligenciju. Ovde istiĉemo specijalne operatore-kopule, koje igraju fundamentalnu
ulogu u teoriji višedimenzionalnih funkcija raspodele verovatnoće sa vrlo vaţnim primenama u teorijama
rizika, probabilistiĉkih metriĉkih prostora i fazi sistema. U okviru rada na projektu, uz vrlo uspešnu
koordinaciju sa partnerom iz MaĊarske, Budimpeštanskim Politehniĉkim univerzitetom, akademik E. Pap
je aktivno uĉestvovao u radu redakcije njihovog ĉasopisa Acta Polytechnica Hungarica, a 29. i 30.
septembra 2006. odrţan је tradicionalni 4th Serbian-Hungarian Joint Symposium on Intelligent Systems
(SISY 2006) u Subotici, (http://www.bmf.hu/conferences/sisy2006). Akademik E. Pap je kao urednik
oblasti aktivno uĉestvovao u ureĊivanju vodećeg meĊunarodnog ĉasopisa Fuzzy Sets and Systems
(Elsevier) i bio je gostujući istraţivaĉ na univerzitetu Johan Kepler u Lincu i Fuzzy Logic Laboratorium-u
u Hagenbergu.




                                                                                                       93
Nada Perišić–Janjić, Jevrem Janjić, Zagorka Lozanov-Crvenković, Tatjana Đaković-Sekulić, Sanja
Podunavac-Kuzmanović, ĐenĊi Vastag,
Faculty of Sciences in Novi Sad
"Physico-chemical characterization of some newly synthesized biological active compounds"

Newly synthesized derivatives of thiazole and benzimidazole have been investigated by now. These
compounds are potentially biologically active and hence may have application in pharmaceutical industry,
as well as in agriculture. Since the lipophilic character of a molecule is the most important for their
biological activity our investigations were focused to determination of chromatographic lipophilic scale.
Using mathematical and statistical tools adequate equations have been calculated that correlate
chromatographic retention data and phisico-chemical parameters which affected to retention behavior. The
influence of phisico-chemical characteristics (expressed with specific molecular descriptors) to retention
has been investigated using Partial Least Square regression.
Another part of investigations performed has been done in the filed of optical characterization of
polymeric materials. Even these investigation have preliminary character mathematical interpretation and
theoretical background of experimental observations had been done.

Reference:

1.   Jevrem D. Janjić, Bratislav S. Tošić, “Polyethylene as light amplifier”, Buletinul Stiintific al
     Universitatii Politehnica din Timisoara, Tome 51 (66), 1, Matematica, Fizica, 2006, 80-87.
2.   Tatjana Djaković-Sekulić, Nada Perišić-Janjić, Zagorka Lozanov-Crvenković, Costel Sarbu,
     “Interpretacija hromatografskih retencionih parametara pomoću regresije metodom najmanjih
     kvadrata” Statistiĉka revija, prihvaćeno za štampu
3.   T. Djaković-Sekulić, N. Perišić-Janjić, C. Sarbu, Z. Lozanov-Crvenković, “Retention data of
     thiazoles determined on rice starch TLC and its possible use in QSRR correlations, “Book of
     Abstracts 12th International Symposium on Separation Sciences – ISSS 2006”, strana 102-103.
4.   Nada U. Perišić-Janjić, Sanja O. Podunavac-Kuzmanović, “Thin-layer chromatography technique in
     evaluation of lipophilicity and antibacterial activity of some benzimidazole derivatives”, “Book of
     Abstracts 12th International Symposium on Separation Sciences – ISSS 2006”, ISBN 10 961-90731-
     6-9, strana 98-99.




                                                                                                       94
Nada Perišić–Janjić, Jevrem Janjić, Zagorka Lozanov-Crvenković, Tatjana Đaković-Sekulić, Sanja
Podunavac-Kuzmanović, ĐenĊi Vastag,
Prirodno-matematički fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Fizičko-hemijska ispitivanja novosintetisanih bioloških aktivnih jedinjenja"

Do sada su ispitivane dve grupe novosintetisana jedinjenja derivati tiazola i benzimidazola. Ova jedinjenja
poseduju potencijalnu biološku aktivnost, pa prema tome interesantna su za dalju primenu kako u
famaceutskoj industriji, tako i u poljoprivredi. S obzirom da je za ispoljavanje biološke aktivnosti nekog
jedinjenja od presudnog znaĉaja njegov lipofilni karakter, dosadašnja istraţivanja bila su usmerana ka
bliţem definisanju hromatografske skale kao merila lipofilnosti. Primenom odgovarajućih matematiĉkih i
statistiĉkih matoda došlo se do odgovarajućih korelacija koje povezuju hromatografske retencione
parametre i fiziĉko-hemijske karakteristike molekula koji su presudne za retenciju. Uticaj fiziĉko-
hemijskih karakteristika (izraţen preko molekulskih desktipora) na hromatografske retencione parametre
ispitan je statistiĉkom metodom najmanjih parcijalnih kvadrata (PLS).
Drugi deo istraţivanja išao je u pravcu preliminarnih ispitivanja optiĉkih osobina polimernih meterijala.
Dobijeni rezultatu interpretirani su odgovarajućim matematiĉkim korelacijama, a uoĉene pojave teorijski
su objašnjene.




                                                                                                        95
Ljiljana Cvetković, Igor Dolinka, Siniša Crvenković, Vladimir Kostić, Nebojša Mudrinski,
Faculty of Sciences in Novi Sad
"Linear and General Algebra Tools in Information Technology"

The research goals that were planed for the second year of the project were fully accomplished.
During the last year research activities of the project have been focused on obtaining new scientific results
in the subjects stated in the application. In the field of numerical linear algebra one survey paper was
published, and new results concerning the eigenvalue localization area were obtained. The results
concerning convergence of iterative methods for solving large systems of linear equations adapted to
parallel computers are also published.
Research in the field of general algebra resulted with the completion of the proof of hypothesis about
axiomatization of two-dimensional languages.
New subject of research, incorporated last year, which implemented additional aspects of linear and
general algebraic methods, of relevance for the computer science, gave results presented in three scientific
papers, in which balance coloring games on graphs were analyzed, new algorithms for coloring octrees
were found, and optimal algorithm for approximate sorting was given.

Reference:

1.   Lj. Cvetković, V. Kostić, Between Geršgorin and minimal Geršgorin sets, Journal of Comput. and
     Appl. Math. 196 (2006) 452 – 458,
2.   Lj. Cvetković, V. Kostić, New subclasses of block H-matrices with applications to parallel
     decomposition-type relaxation methods, Numer. Alg. 42 (2006) 325-334.
3.   Dolinka, Axiomatizing the identities of bionoid languages, Theor. Comput. Sci. 372 (2007), 1-14.
4.   Mitsche, D., Marciniszyn, M., Stojaković, M., Online balanced graph avoidance games, Eur. J.
     Combin. (to appear).
5.   Adamy, U., Hoffmann, M., Solymosi, J., Stojaković, M., Coloring octrees. Theor. Comput. Sci. 363
     (2006), 11-17.
6.   Giesen, J., Schuberth, E., Stojaković, M., Approximate sorting, Lect. Notes Comput. Sc. 3887
     (2006), 524-531.




                                                                                                          96
Ljiljana Cvetković, Igor Dolinka, Siniša Crvenković, Vladimir Kostić, Nebojša Mudrinski,
Prirodno-matematički fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Alati opšte i linearne algebre u računarstvu"

PredviĊeni ciljevi istraţivanja u drugoj godini rada na projektu su u potpunosti realizovani.
Istraţivaĉke aktivnosti projekta u protekloj godini su se odvijale u pravcu ostvarivanja novih nauĉnih
rezultata iz oblasti navedenih u prijavi o nastavku sufinansiranja projekta. U oblasti numeriĉke linearne
algebre objavljen je pregledni rad [1]. Ostvareni su novi rezultati iz oblasti lokalizacije karakteristiĉnih
korena matrica, objavljeni u radu [2], kao i rezultati o konvergenciji iterativnih postupaka za rešavanje
sistema linearnih jednaĉina velikih dimenzija, prilagoĊenih radu na paralelnim raĉunarima objavljeni u
radu [3].
Istraţivanja iz oblasti opšte algebre rezultovala su kompletiranjem dokaza postavljene hipoteze o
aksiomatizaciji dvodimenzionalnih jezika prikazanog u radu [4].
Nova tema istraţivanja, uvedena prošle godine, koja je ukljuĉila i druge aspekte metoda linearne i opšte
algebre, relevantne za raĉunarske nauke, dala je rezultate prezentovane u radovima [5], [6] i [7]. U radu
[5] analizirane su igre na grafovima sa balansiranim bojenjem grana. U radu [6] pronaĊeni su novi
algoritmi za bojenje okt-drveta, a u radu [7] pronaĊen je optimalan algoritam za pribliţno sortiranje.
Ostvarena je odliĉna saradnja sa svim stranim partnerima.




                                                                                                         97
Andreja Tepavĉević, Branimir Šešelja, Dragan Mašulović, Maja Pech,
Faculty of Sciences in Novi Sad
"Lattice Methods and Applications"

Investigation of lattice valued structures is focused on several topics. Fuzzifying closure system is
introduced and its connection with fuzzy lattices is investigated. A general cutworthy approach to
intuitionistic lattice valued structures is introduced. The codomain of related mappings is taken to be the
lattice power of the unit interval of the real line. Synthesis by cuts of a weighted tree automaton in the
framework of lattice valued structures is investigated. An abstract approach to lattice covering relation is
introduced. This relation is induced by a lattice valued order; vice versa, a totaly intransitive lattice valued
relation is defined, and shown to be a covering of a particular lattice valued order.
In the application of lattices in universal algebra, several results are obtained. Atomistic lattices are
investigated and some related results are applied to weak congruence lattices of algebras. Next,
semidistributivity of weak congruence lattices of algebras is investigated. In terms of this property finite
Dedekind group are characterized. A particular construction based on the square of an algebraic lattice is
introduced. Results are obtained for some classes of groups.
In the part of the project that investigates the partially ordered set of endo- morphism monoids of
Rosenberg relations new results were obtained that explain the structure of the part of the poset spanned
by the endomorphism monoids of regular relations (see references). We have also concluded a part of the
research that describes endomorphism monoids of central relations and as a spin-off we were able to
characterize End-maximal such monoids.
Reference:

1.   Maja Pech, Dragan Mašulović: On the height of the poset of endomorphism monoids of regular
     relations, to appear in Multiple Valued Logic and Soft Computing.
2.   Gabor Czedli, Branimir Šešelja, Andreja Tepavĉević: On the Semidistributivity of Elements in
     Weak Congruence Lattices of Algebras and Groups, Algebra Universalis (submitted).
3.   Branimir Šešelja, Andreja Tepavĉević: A Note on Atomistic Weak Congruence Lattices, Discrete
     Mathematics (revision submitted).
4.   Branimir Šešelja, Andreja Tepavĉević: Fuzzifying Closure Systems and Fuzzy Lattices, to appear in
     Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS/LNAI).
5.   Branimir Šešelja, Fuzzy Covering Relation and Ordering: An Abstract Approach, Computational
     Intelligence, Theory and Applications, Bernd Reusch (Ed.), Springer, 2006, 295-300.
6.   Andreja Tepavĉević, Marijana Gorjanac-Ranitović: General Form of Lattice Valued Intuitionistic
     Fuzzy Sets,Computational Intelligence, Theory and Applications, Bernd Reusch (Ed.), Springer,
     2006, 375-381.
7.   Marijana Gorjanac-Ranitović, Andreja Tepavĉević: : General form of lattice valued fuzzy sets under
     the cutworthy approach, Fuzzy Sets and Systems (published on-line, to appear).
8.   Leonard Kwuida, Branimir Šešelja, Andreja Tepavĉević: On the MacNeille Completion of Weakly
     Dicomplemented Lattices, Lecture Notes in Artificial Inteligence 4390, pp. 271-280, 2007




                                                                                                             98
Andreja Tepavĉević, Branimir Šešelja, Dragan Mašulović, Maja Pech,
Prirodno-matematički fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Mreţne metode i primene"

Rad na realizaciji ciljeva projekta odvijao se intenzivno prema predloţenom planu. U mreţno vrednosnim
ureĊenim strukturama uveden je pojam rasplinutog sistema zatvaranja i u potpunosti istraţena veza tih
struktura sa rasplinutim mreţama. Uveden je opšti pojam mreţno vrednosnih intuicionistiĉkih rasplinutih
skupova sa stanovišta nivoa. Kodomen preslikavanja je mreţni stepen realnog intervala [0,1]. Dokazano je
da taj pristup obuhvata sve ostale intuicionistiĉke mreţno vrednosne skupove. Definisana je rasplinuta
relacija pokrivanja izvedena iz rasplinutog poretka i ispitane njene osobine. Sa druge strane, uveden je
pojam rasplinute totalno netranzitivne relacije i pokazano da ona indukuje rasplinuti poredak kome je
polazna relacija rasplinuto pokrivanje. U saradnji sa kolegama sa TU Drezden dobijeni su novi rezultati o
vezi rasplinutih skupova i weighted tree automata. Suština je u sintezi takvog automata uz pomoć nivoa,
ĉime je kompletirano istraţivanje iz prve faze projekta.
U primeni mreţa u univerzalnoj algebri dobijeno je više rezultata. Istraţivanje atomarno generisanih
mreţa primenjeno je na mreţe slabih kongruencija i opisana je odgovarajuća klasa algebri. U saradnji sa
kolegama iz Segedina, dobijeni su uslovi pod kojima je mreţa slabih kongruencija algebre
semidistributivna. Kao primena dati su potrebni i dovoljni uslovi da konaĉna grupa bude Dedekindova, u
terminima navedene semidistributivnosti. Deo rezultata odnosi se i na prstene. Rezultati su dobijeni i u
novo uvedenoj mreţnoj konstrukciji, koja se odnosi na posebne mreţe kao ureĊene podskupove kvadrata
algebarske mreţe. Ova konstrukcija obuhvata mreţe slabih kongruencija grupa. Ovaj deo istraţivanja
veoma je obiman i sloţen, ali su dobijeni prvi znaĉajni rezultati u karakterizaciji pojedinih klasa mreţa. U
posebnom delu istraţivanja radilo se na MacNeille kompletiranju slabo dikomplementiranih mreţa
znaĉajnih u formalnoj analizi pojmova (formal concept analysis). Dokazano je da navedeno kompletiranje
oĉuvava slabu dikomplementiranost (što nije sluĉaj sa nekim drugim mreţnim svojstvima, na pr. sa
distributivnošću).
U delu projekta koji se odnosi na parcijalno ureĊeni skup monoida endomorfizama Rosenbergovih relacija
dobijeni su novi rezultati koji objašnjavaju strukturu onog dela ovog parcijalnog ureĊenja koji je razapet
monoidima endomorfizama regularnih relacija (videti spisak publikacija). Zakljuĉen je i deo istraţivanja
koji opisuje monoide endomorfizama centralnih relacija i opisane su relacije koje generišu End-
maksimalne monoide.




                                                                                                         99
Silvia Gilezan, Jovanka Pantović, Nataša Sladoje, Tibor Lukić
Faculty of Sciences in Novi Sad
"Mathematical Models in Information Technologies"

The goal of this project is to investigate and develop new tools in the following fields:
1. Mathematical models for Global Computing Systems,
2. Mathematical models for Digital Image Analysis,
3. Mathematical models for Optimization.
1. In the domain of Global Computing we have been investigating the XDPi-calculus, a distributive
calculus for mobile processes which incorporates the progamming language XML and models
communication between processes and data. We have introduced a type system for XDPi which provides
a safety protocol for mobile communication. This safety system has been proven to preserve types under
reduction. As a consequence of this property we obtained safety of the communication, which implies that
the data are available only to processes of higher security levels and that processes can migrate from
locations of higher to locations of lower security level. In this way the type system we have developed
models safe communication within a global network. Also, we have been developing Lambda-G calculus,
one of the intuitionistic calculi corresponding to sequent calculus. We introduced intersection types, and
proved Subject reduction and Subject expansion properties for this system.
2. Our focus was on development and further improvement of defuzzification methods appropriate for
fuzzy segmented images. Even though it is clear that fuzzy segmented images provide better preservation
of data and better reflect the properties of real objects, crisp segmentations are still needed. We proposed a
defuzzification method based on (feature) distance minimization between (fuzzy) sets. This approach
provides that both local and global features of the object are considered in defuzzification. Moreover,
meso-scale features can be included in the process as well (scale-space approach). We also developed
defuzzification at increased spatial resolution, compared to the resolution of the given fuzzy set. The
proposed method is extended to 3D case, as well. One of the goals is to apply the results obtained for these
mathematical models to similar objects in real images. Evaluation of the methods and their testing on real
images is in progress.
3. A new modification of Newton's method based on root-power mean, for solving nonlinear equations
has been developed. Some existing modifications of Newton's method, based on arithmetic, geometric and
harmonic mean, are special cases of this method. The convergence properties of proposed method have
been discussed and it has been shown that the order of convergence for simple roots is three. We have also
been working on improving optimization process for solving the defuzzification problem. We proposed to
adjust and use a deterministic optimization approach based on the decomposition of the objective function
to a difference of two convex functions. This method (DC Algorithm), applied to defuzzification by
feature distance minimization, increases the speed of the process and a possibility of the global minimum
detection, compared to previously used methods.
The research tasks planned for this period are successfully accomplished, considering existing time limits.
It is also confirmed that the suggested research topics are still highly up-to-date, and a number of
addressed questions are still open and of interest.
Reference:
1. Dezani-Ciancaglini M., Ghilezan S., Pantović, J., Security Types for Dynamic Web Data, TGC 2006,
    Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp. 177-194, Springer, 2006.
2. Pantović J., Vojvodić G., Commuting hyperoperations, Proceedings of the 36th International
    Symposium on Multiple-Valued Logic, IEEE Press, pp. 96-100, 2006.
3. J. Lindblad, N. Sladoje, T. Lukić, Feature Based Defuzzification in Z2 and Z3 Using a Scale Space
    DGCI 2006, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4245, 379-390, Springer.
4. J. Lindblad, N. Sladoje, Feature Based Defuzzification at Increased Spatial Resolution, IWCIA 2006,
    Lecture Notes in Computer Science4040, pp. 131-143, Springer, 2006.


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5. N. Sladoje, J. Lindblad, “Representation and reconstruction of fuzzy disks by moments”, Fuzzy Sets and
   Systems, Vol. 158, No. 5, pp. 517-534, 2007.

Silvia Gilezan, Jovanka Pantović, Nataša Sladoje, Tibor Lukić
Prirodno-matematički fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Matematički modeli u informacionim tehnologijama"

Cilj ovog projekta je da istraţuje i razvija:
1. matematiĉke modele za globalne raĉunarske sisteme,
2. matematiĉke modele za raĉunarsku obradu slike,
3. matematiĉke modele za optimizaciju.
1. U domenu globalnog raĉunarstva teţište istraţivanja je stavljeno na distributivni sistem za mobilne procese
koji inkorporira programski jezik XML i na taj naĉin modelira komunikaciju u globalnoj raĉunarskoj mreţi.
Uveden je strukturalni tipski sistem bezbednosti za jezik XML sa distributivnim sistemom za mobilne procese.
Dokazali smo da uvedeni tipski sistem bezbednosti ima osobinu oĉuvanja tipova prilikom redukcije. Posledica
toga je bezbednost komunikacije, što znaĉi da su podaci dostupni procesima sa većom bezbednošću i da
procesi mogu migrirati sa lokacija veće bezbednosti na lokacije manje bezbednosti. Na taj naĉin uvedeni tipski
sistem modelira bezbednost komunikacije unutar globalne raĉunarske mreţe. Razvijan je Lambda-G raĉun,
jedan od formalnih raĉuna odgovarajućih sekventnom raĉunu za intuicionistiĉku logiku. U ovaj raĉun je
uveden sistem tipova sa presekom, i za ovako tipizirani raĉun su dokazana svojstva oĉuvanja tipa pri redukciji
i oĉuvanja tipiziranosti pri ekspanziji.
2. Teţište istraţivanja je stavljeno na razvoj i usavršavanje metoda za defazzifikaciju fuzzy segmentovanih
slika. Predloţili smo metod defazifikacije zasnovan na minimizaciji rastojanja meĊu (fuzzy) skupovima, kojim
se pri defazifikaciji u obzir uzimaju i lokalna, i globalna svostva objekta, a u zavisnosti od aplikacije, i svojstva
koja karakterišu delove slike (scale-space approach). Naši rezultati obuhvataju i mogućnost defazzifikacije na
povećanoj rezoluciji u odnosu na rezoluciju polaznog fuzzy objekta. Metod je primenjen kako na 2D, tako i na
3D slike. Jedan od ciljeva je da se rezultati dobijeni za ovakve matematiĉke modele primene na sliĉne objekte
na realnim slikama.
3. Izvršena je analiza numeriĉkih iterativnih postupaka za rešavanje nelinearnih jednaĉina na bazi korensko-
stepene sredine, kojima je nekoliko poznatih modifikacija Njutnovog postupka objedinjeno u jedinstvenu
formulu. Ovim je omogućena jednostavnija teoretska analizu i klasifikaciju tih postupaka. TakoĊe, poĉeo je
rad na razvoju novog optimizacionog postupka za defazifikaciju fuzzy segmentovanih slika. Predloţeni
postupak spada u red deterministiĉkih algoritama i zasnovan je na dekompoziciji ciljne funkcije na razliku dve
konveksne funkcije. Kod ovog optimizacionog postupka (DC Algoritma) povećana je brzina rada (smanjen
broj potrebnih iteracija) kao i verovatnoća nalaţenja globalnog minimuma optimizacije u odnosu na do sada
korišćene metode.
Analizom postavljenih ciljeva i rezultata ovog projekta, utvrĊeno je da su oni uspešno realizovani u onoj meri
u kojoj je vremenski okvir projekta dozvoljavao. Potvrdjeno je, takodje, da je planirani sadrţaj istraţivanja i
dalje veoma aktuelan, kao i da su mnoga pitanja od znaĉaja i dalje otvorena.
Tokom protekle godine zajedniĉka istraţivanja sa stranim partnerima na ovom projektu
1. Department of Computer Science, University of Torino, Italija - Prof.dr M. Dezani-Ciacaglini
2. Centre for Image Analysis, Uppsala, Sweden - Dr. Joakim Lindblad, Assistant Professor
su saopšteni na tri medjunarodne konferencije: Trustworthy Global Computing (TGC2006) Lucca, Italija;
Discrete Geometry for Computer Imagery (DGCI2006) Szeged, MaĊarska; Workshop on Combinatorial
Image Analysis (IWCIA2006) Berlin, Nemaĉka. Rezultati su objavljeni u ĉetiri publikacije u medjunarodnim i
vodećim medjunarodnim ĉasopsima (reference 1,3,4,5).
Nauĉna saradnja sa Prof. Dezani se nastavlja, a razmatraju se i mogućnosti proširenja postojeće saradnje i
zajedniĉkog apliciranja za druge medjunarodne projekte.
Dr. Joakim Lindblad je u dva navrata boravio u Novom Sadu 27.oktobar - 1. novembar 2006. god i 7. april - 2.
maj 2007. Tokom oba boravka sem zajedniĉkih istraţivanja Dr. Lindblad je odrţao i dva predavanja okviru
Seminara Centra za Matematiku i statistiku, Fakulteta tehniĉkih nauka u Novom Sadu.


                                                                                                                101
István Zsigrai, Slobodan Gadţurić, Milan Vraneš, Borko Matijević,
Faculty of Sciences in Novi Sad
"Spectroscopic and Thermodynamic investigation of complexes in multicomponent systems"

Low temperature multicomponent systems containning inorganic salts or inorganic salt – organic solvent
mixture suitable for thermal heat storage have been investigated. Calcium nitrate tetrahydrate or
ammonium nitrate and their mixtures with some other inorganic salts and organic compounds have high
latent heat of fusion and have been considered as phase change materials (PCM) for thermal energy
storage. The effect of increased absorbance of some complex species dissoleved in PCM with increased
temperature and the high latent heat of fusion of the PCM are proposed for simultaneous control of
temperature and insolation in solar heat storage systems protecting the solar heated greenhouses from
overheating. Complex formation between cobalt(II) and halide and nitrate ions in different solvents were
studied at several temperatures by spectrophotometric method. From an analysis of our experimental
results, the number of absorbing species, the overall stability constants of the complexes and the
corresponding resolved species spectra were determined. The influence of the solvent composition on
complex formation were also studied.
Some examples of statistical approaches for identifying chemistry-property relationships in a classic
materials database (molten salts) have been provided. By using two chemometric techniques (Partial
Least Square -PLS and Principal Component Analysis - PCA) and multivariate analysis, it was easily to
manage multiple physical parameters, helping us to identify outliers, find global and local patterns in the
samples and study the connections between the variables. The results show that the original molten salts
database is a good partial template for a modern data-mining base to be used for virtual materials design
and analysis. For the first time, by careful selection of thermodynamic properties for the set of lanthanide
halides investigated earlier, still unknown values of some basic thermodynamic functions (Hform and
Gform) for the set of 14 different lanthanide halides were predicted with high accuracy using PCA
method.
Reference:

1.   L. Rycerz, E. Ingier-Stocka, M. Cieslak-Golonka, A. Wojciechowska, S. Gadzuric and M. Gaune-
     Escard, Physicochemical properties of the EuBr2–KBr binary system, J. Alloys Comp., in press,
     JALCOM-15008, (on-line dec. 2006).
2.   Ewa Ingier-Stocka, Leszek Rycerz, Slobodan Gadzuric and Marcelle Gaune-Escard, Thermal and
     conductometric studies of the CeBr3–MBr binary systems (M = Li, Na), J. Alloys Comp., in press,
     JALCOM-15044, (on-line dec. 2006).
3.   Slobodan Gadzuric, Changwon Suh, Marcelle Gaune-Escard, and Krishna Rajan, Extracting
     Information from Molten Salt Database, Metallurgical and Materials Transaction A, 37A, (2006)
     P3411.
4.   L. Rycerz, S. Gadzuric, W. Gong, E. Ingier-Stocka and M. Gaune-Escard, Physicochemical features
     of lanthanide halide molten salt solutions, Ј. Мol. Liq., 131-132 (2007) 246-253.
5.   Milan Vraneš, Slobodan B. Gadţurić and István J. Zsigrai, Cobalt halide complex formation in
     aqueous calcium nitrate – ammonium nitrate melts. I. Cobalt(II) chlorides, Ј. Мol. Liq., in press (on-
     line march 2007).
6.   Borko Matijević, Slobodan Gadţurić and István Zsigrai, Thermochromic complex compounds in low
     melting mixtures of inorganic salts with organic compounds, The 13th Symposium on Environmental
     and Analytical Problems, 25 September 2006., Szeged, Hungary, page 162-165.
7.   Milan Vraneš, Slobodan Gadţurić and István Zsigrai, Co(II) halide complex formation in charge
     unsimmetric aqueous melts: the effect of melt composition, The 13th Symposium on Environmental
     and Analytical Problems, 25 September 2006., Szeged, Hungary, page 166-169.
8.   B. M. Matijević, S.B. Gadţurić, I.J. Zsigrai, Građenje hloridnih kompleksa kobalta(II) u rastopu
     eutektičke smeše acetamid – amonijum-nitrat – voda, Proceedings, 44th Conference of Serbian
                                                                                                        102
      Chemical Society, Belgrade 6-7 february 2006. Editors: R. Marković, Đ. Janaćković, A. Dekanski,
      pp. 161 - 164. ISBN 86-7132-027-8
9.    M. Vraneš, S.B. Gadţurić, I.J. Zsigrai, Građenje bromidnih kompleksa kobalta(II) u rastopu
      kalcijum-nitrat – amonijum-nitrat – voda, Proceedings, 44th Conference of Serbian Chemical
      Society, Belgrade 6-7 february 2006. Editors: R. Marković, Đ. Janaćković, A. Dekanski, pp. 165 -
      168. ISBN 86-7132-027-8.
10.   Slobodan Gadţurić, Changwon Suh, Krishna Rajan and Marcelle Gaune-Escard, Data mining of
      molten salt database, EUCHEM Conference on Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids, Hammamet,
      Tunisia, 16-22 sept.2006, page 148.
11.   Leszek Rycerz, Ewa Ingier-Stocka, Slobodan Gadzuric and Marcelle Gaune-Escard, Phase diagram
      and electrical conductivity of the CeBr3 – KBr binary system, EUCHEM Conference on Molten Salts
      and Ionic Liquids, Hammamet, Tunisia, 16-22 sept.2006, page 155.
12.   Borko Matijevic, Slobodan Gadţurić and Istvan Zsigrai, Cobalt halide complexes in acetamide -
      ammonium nitrate mixtures: influence of water, EUCHEM Conference on Molten Salts and Ionic
      Liquids, Hammamet, Tunisia, 16-22 sept.2006, page 205.
13.   Milan Vraneš, Slobodan Gadţurić and Istvan Zsigrai, Cobalt chloride complex formation in aqueous
      nitrate melts, EUCHEM Conference on Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids, Hammamet, Tunisia, 16-22
      sept.2006, page 254.
14.   Slobodan Gadţurić, Milan Vraneš and Istvan Zsigrai, Thermodynamics of cobalt(II) bromide
      complex formation in calcium nitrate tetrahydrate-ammonium nitrate mixtures, EUCHEM
      Conference on Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids, Hammamet, Tunisia, 16-22 sept.2006, page 262.
15.   Changwon Suh, Slobodan Gadzuric, Marcelle Gaune-Escard and Krishna Rajan, Statistical learning
      and informatics for molten salt /ionic liquids chemistry, EUCHEM Conference on Molten Salts and
      Ionic Liquids, Hammamet, Tunisia, 16-22 sept.2006, page 108.

István Zsigrai, Slobodan Gadţurić, Milan Vraneš, Borko Matijević,
Prirodno-matematički fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Spektroskopska i termodinamička istraţivanja kompleksa u višekomponentnim sistemima"

Niskotemperaturni višekomponentni sistemi koji sadrţe neorgansku so ili smešu neorganske soli i
organskog rastvaraĉa su pogodni materijali za skladištenje toplotne energije. Kalcijum-nitrat-tetrahidrat i
amonijum-nitrat kao i njihove meĊusobne smeše i smeše sa drugim neorganskim solima ili organskim
komponentama imaju visoku latentnu toplotu topljenja i mogu da se koriste kao fazno-promenljivi
materijali (FPM) u svrhu akumulacije toplote. Efekat porasta apsorbancije nekih kompleksa rastvorenih u
FPM sa povećanjem temperature kao i visoka latentna toplota topljenja FPM sluţi za simultanu kontrolu
temperature i zaštitu od preteranog zagrevanja u solarnim sistemima i staklenicima. Prouĉavane su
reakcije nastajanja kompleksa kobalta(II) sa halogenidnim i nitratnim jonima spektroskopskom metodom
u razliĉitim višekomponentnim sistemima pri nekoliko razliĉitih temperatura. Analizom naših
eksperimentalnih podataka je odreĊen broj apsorbujućih ĉestica, a izraĉunate su i konstante stabilnosti
nastalih kompleksa i njihovi razloţeni spektri. Prouĉen je i uticaj sastava rastvaraĉa na nastanak
kompleksa. Primenom najnovijih matematiĉkih metoda koje se koriste u hemometrici, PCA (Principal
Component Analysis) i PLS (Partial Least Square) omogućeno je jednostavno predviĊanje osobina
izabranih sistema i materijala kao i dizajn novih. Izraĉunati su fundamentalni termodinamiĉki parametri za
klasu rastopljenih soli (halogenidi lantanoida i aktinoida) koje su od izuzetnog praktiĉnog znaĉaja zbog
svoje široke primene u nuklearnim sistemima i reaktorima. Po prvi put su pronaĊene mogućnosti da se
eksperimentalno odreĊeni parametri i veliĉine za jedan deo jedinjenja direktno primeni za predviĊanje tih
istih parametara kod 14 razliĉitih jedinjenja lantanoida kod kojih ne postoji mogućnost da se merenje
izvrši ili do sada nisu uraĊena (Hform and Gform). Eksperimentalni rezultati za nekoliko sistema potvrdila
su rezultate dobijene paţljivom selekcijom podataka i primenom pomenutih metoda na komplikovane
sisteme i smeše koje sadrţe lantanoide i aktinoide.
                                                                                                        103
Mirjana Vojinović-Miloradov,ĐorĊe Bašić, Maja Turk, Jelena Jakšić, Julija Fišl,
Faculty of Technical Sciences in Novi Sad
"Determinig the Persistan Organic Pullutants in Abiotic and Biotic Matirx of Southern Backa"

Sampling of ambient air for PCB determination to map potential contamination of hotspots, was
conducted on locations defined in the Project. Air was sampled from june – october 2006. in cycles of 28
days (5 x 28 days) on two locations – Oil Refinery Novi Sad and Transmitter on Iriski Venac. Detected
levels of PCB in ambient air on examined locations point on contamination by PCBs. Total concentration
levels in industrial zone were in the range from 524 – 444 pg/m3, while on Iriski Venac, ∑ concentration
of the congeners were in the range from 366 – 77 pg/m3. Local turbulencies of the air current and common
atmospheric conditions significantly influence on transport of PCBs which are spreaded on the territory of
Novi Sad. Statistics of results gained by two different sampling mediums (PUF and GFF) point on
different affinity and sorption predispositions of single congener to suspended particles, depending on the
the mass, structure and stereochemistry of congeners, which dominantly influence on qualitative and
quantitative characterstics of deposition of congeners in two phase system gas/solid. In the soil samples,
collected in vicinity of PAS, obtained results confirmed corelation between both types of data,
compatibility of the concentration in the atmosphere and surface soil layers, as well as equivalent
distribution of congeners in the air/soil. In the soil samples, collected in vicinity of PAS, obtained results
confirmed corelation between both types of data, compatibility of the concentration in the atmosphere and
surface soil layers, as well as equivalent distribution of congeners in the air/soil. Using biological
MikroEROD analysis on primary culture of hepatocyte of rats, toxic potential of soil samples from
locality of Oil refinery NIS Novi Sad was examined, and by GC/ECD analysis in the same samples, the
level of PCBs and PAH was determined. Chemical analysis proved that all examined samples contain
relatively low level of PCBs (from 16 to 127) and PAH (from < 2.0 to 194.5 µg/kg). Relatively high toxic
potential detected in soil samples identify the presence of the toxic and dioxin like compounds from the
POPs. Concentration of DDT in colostrum of mothers from the region of South Backa are lower than from
10 years ago, and even significantly lower than from 20 years ago; concentration of HCH are lower than
from 10 years ago, but higher than from 20 years ago, while concentration of PCBs are twice as high than
from 10 years ago. During 2006. concentration activities from different isotopes in human milk from
mothers at delivery in Medical center in Novi Sad have been determined using low-background gamma
spectrometry. Quantitative analysis of spectar determined concentration activity of natural radioactive
isotope 40K, members of radioactive range 238U, 235U and 232Th and anthropogenic radionuclides,
primarily products of fission and activation. The most important anthropogenic isotope, which was
monitored, is 137Cs. Concentration activities of 40K are in the range from 14 +/-4 to 33 +/- 5.
Within the Project 23 papers have been published, of which only the most important are listed in the
Report.

Reference:

1. Turk, M., Jakšić, J., Vojinović Miloradov, M., Klanova, J., 2006. Post-war levels of persistent organic
   pollutants (POPs) in airfrom Serbia determined by active and passive sampling methods.
   Environmental Chemistry Letters (ECL) Journal. DOI 10.1007/s10311-006-0091-9 R51
2. Andric N. L., Kostic T .S., Zoric S.N., Stanic B. D., Andric S.A, Kovacevic R. Z., 2006. Effect of a
   PCB-based transformer oil on testicular steroidogenesis and xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes. Reprod
   Toxicol 22 102-110. R52
3. Stanic B., Andric N., Zoric S., Grubor-Lajsic G., Kovacevic R., 2006. Assessing pollution in the
   Danube River near Novi Sad (Serbia) using several biomarkers in sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus L.).
   Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 65, 395-402. R51a



                                                                                                          104
4. S. Kaisarevic, N. Andric, S. Bobic, J. Trickovic, M. Vojinovic-Miloradov and R. Kovacevic (u
   štampi) Detection of Dioxin-like Contaminants in Soil from the Area of Oil Refineries in Voivodina
   Region of Serbia. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology R52
5. Andric N., Kostic T., Kaisarevic S., Pogrmic K., Fa S., Kovacevic R. (u štampi) In vivo and in vitro
   effects of PCB126 and PCB153 on rat testicular androgenesis. Environmental Toxicology and
   Pharmacology R52
6. Vukavic T., Vojinovic Miloradov M., Ristivojevic A., Hlpka J., (u štampi) Seven PCB congeners in
   early human milk from Serbia, Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology R52
7. Vojinović Miloradov, M., Jakšić, J., Turk, M., Nedeljković, B., Klanova, J., Krajinović, S. Active and
   passive air sampling and analysis of persistent organic pollutants, SETAC Europe 16th Annual
   Meeting «Controversies and Solutions in Environmental Sciences», Abstracts, Hague, Netherlands,
   May 2006, pp. 226.
8. Vojinović-Miloradov, M., Jakšić, J., Turk, M., Klanova, J., Krajinović, S. The residues of PAH
   determined by active sampling method in relation with the reduction of toxic waste, International
   Conference TOP2006, Proceedings, ISBN 80-227-2436-X, Bratislava, The Slovak Republic, June
   2006, pp. 517 – 521

Mirjana Vojinović-Miloradov,ĐorĊe Bašić, Maja Turk, Jelena Jakšić, Julija Fišl,
Fakultet tehničkih nauka u Novom Sadu
"OdreĎivanje perzistentnih organskih polutanata u abiotskom i biotskom matriksu Juţne Bačke"

Uzorkovanje ambijentalnog vazduha na prisustvo PCB, za mapiranje potencijalnih ţarišta kontaminacije,
Projektom je predviĊeno i realizovano na dve lokacije. Vazduh je uzorkovan od 06. – 10. 2006. u
ciklusima od po 28 dana (5 x 28 dana) na dva definisana lokaliteta - Rafinerija nafte Novi Sad i Repetitor
na Iriškom vencu. Rezultati o detektovanim nivoima PCB u uzorcima vazduha ukazuju na kontaminaciju
ambijentalnog vazduha PCB. Ukupni koncentracioni nivoi u idustrijskoj zoni su u opsegu od 524 - 444
pg/m3, dok su na Iriškom vencu registrovane sumarne koncentracije kongenera od 366 - 77pg/m3. Lokalne
turbulencije vazdušnih struja i opšti atmosferski uslovi znaĉajno utiĉu na transport PCB. Kongeneri u
vazduhu, specifiĉno se pozicioniraju na teritoriji opštine grada. Detektovani koncentracioni nivoi ukazuju
na prisutnost i akumulaciju PCB u ţivotnoj sredini ovog podruĉja. Statistiĉka obrada rezultata na dva
razliĉita medijuma uzorkovanja (PUF i GFF) ukazuje na razliĉit afinitet i sorpcione predispozicije
pojedinaĉnih kongenera prema suspendovanim ĉesticama u vazduhu, zavisno od mase, strukture i
stereohemije molekula kongenera i dominantno utiĉu na kvalitativne i kvantitativne karakteristike
raspodele kongenera u dvofaznom sistemu gas/ĉvrso. U uzorcima zemljišta, prikupljenim u blizini PAS,
dobijeni rezultati kojima je utvrĊena korelacija izmeĊu obe vrste informacionih podataka, podudarnost
visine koncentracionih nivoa u atmosferi i površinskim slojevima zemljišta, kao i ekvivalentna distribucija
pojedinaĉnih kongenera u vazduhu i zemljištu. Biološkom MikroEROD analizom na primarnoj kulturi
hepatocita pacova, ispitan je toksiĉni potencijal uzoraka TQ, zemljišta iz industrijskog kompleksa NIS
Rafinerija nafte Novi Sad, a hemijskom GC/ECD analizom u istim uzorcima odreĊen je nivo PCB i PAH.
Hemijskim analizama je pokazano da ispitivani uzorci sadrţe relativno nizak nivo PCB (od 16 do 127) i
PAH (od < 2.0 do 194,5 µg/kg). Relativno visok TQ za pojedine uzorke ukazuje na prisustvo DL iz grupe
POP. Koncentracije DDT u kolostrumu majki iz regiona Juţne Baĉke niţe su od pre 10 god. i .znaĉajno
niţe od pre 20 god.; koncentracije HCH niţe su od pre 10 godina, ali su više od pre 20 godina;
koncentracije PCB dvostruko više od pre 10 godina. Tokom 2006. godine odreĊivane su koncentracione
aktivnosti razliĉitih izotopa u humanom mleku porodilja iz Porodilišta Novi Sad, metodom niskofonske
gama spektrometrije. Kvantitativnom analizom spektra su odreĊivane koncentracije aktivnosti prirodnog
radioaktivnog izotopa 40K, ĉlanova radioaktivnih nizova 238U, 235U i 232Th i antropogenih
radionuklida, prvenstveno produkata fisije i aktivacije. Najznaĉajniji antropogeni izotop koji je praćen je
137Cs. Koncetracije aktivnosti 40K se kreću u granicama od 14 +/-4 do 33 +/-5.


                                                                                                       105
Ante Vujić, Smiljka Šimić,Vesna Milankov, Sneţana Radenković, Bojana Stanić,
Faculty of Sciences in Novi Sad
"Sustainability of biodiversity in Diversity Centres ( '' HOT SPOTS '' ) of the Balkans And
Iberian penninsula (Insecta: Diptera: Syrphidae ) "

The international net of institutes from EU (Spain, Finland, UK, Greece) and regional countries (Serbia
and Macedonia) that cooperate as partner organizations in investigation of biodiversity in hot spots of
Balkan and Iberian Peninsula, has been established. Field and laboratory work have been continued
(Finland, Spain, Novi Sad) in connection with study of variability at allozyme loci and sequence analysis
of mt DNA COI gene (cytochrome oxidase subunit I gene of mitochondrial DNA), ITS2 and 28S rDNA
(ribosomal DNA) in populations of selected taxa and publishing of results. During past period, following
publications were published: eight scientific papers in international journals (three R-51, four R-52), one
in national journal and one monograph. Also two monographs are accepted for publishing and three more
papers are submitted for publishing. Due to cooperation with partners and establishment of the Center for
Balkan biodiveristy conservation (http://www.ib.ns.ac.yu/CBBC/) three applications for FP6 projects are
submitted. Project FP6-2006-TTC Proposal no: 046002 (ALARM) is approved, and it starts on 1st
February 2007. Besides this, thanks to results of project financed by Provincial secretariat for science and
technological development, two more international project have been got: WUS Austria – CDP+ no.
116/06 Conservation Biology 2007 (cooperation with partners from Finland) and Tempus – Erasmus
Mundus IMG 06-RS3012 2007 (cooperation with partners from Finland). At this moment, we prepare the
application for new call of FP7 projects (FP7-REGPOT-2007-3) together with partners from project
financed by Provincial secretariat for science and technological development.

MeĊunarodni projekti
1. FP6-2006-TTC Proposal no: 046002 (ALARM) Assessing LArge-scale environmental Risks with
tested Methods; projekat odobren 17.07.2006, a realizacija zapoĉeta 1.02.2007. Saradnja sa partnerom iz
Grĉke.
2. FP6-2005-WBC-SSA/3 (BAL-BIO) Reinforcement of Centre for the Balkan Biodiversity Conservation;
projekat prošao evaluaciju i dospeo na prioritetnu listu (total score 18,5), ali nije bio dovoljno visoko
rangiran da bude finansiran. Saradnja sa svim partnerima.
3. FP6-2005-Mobility Marie Curie Incoming International Fellowships (039871) Genetic diversity of
economically and medically important species; projekat prošao prvi krug evaluacije, u drugom bio
nedovoljno visoko rangiran. Saradnja sa partnerom iz Finske.
TakoĊe su dobijena još dva meĊunarodna projekta:
4. WUS Austria – CDP+ no. 116/06 Conservation Biology 2007. Saradnja sa partnerom iz Finske.
5. Tempus – Erasmus Mundus IMG 06-RS3012, Vesna Milankov 2007. Saradnja sa partnerom iz Finske.

MeĊunarodni ĉasopisi
1.  Vujić, A., Stahls, G., Rojo, S., Radenković, S., Šimić, S. (2007): Systematics and phylogeny of the
    tribe Paragini based on molecular and morphological characters. Zoological Journal of the Linnean
    Society (R-51) (12/114 Zoology; 1,98/2005)
2.  Marcos-Garcia, M. A., Vujić, A., Mengual, X. (2007): Revision of Iberian species of the genus
    Merodon Meigen, 1803 (Diptera: Syrphidae). European Journal of Entomology (R-51) (31/66
    Entomology; 0,745/2005)
3.  Milankov, V. Stahls, G., Vujić, A. Molecular diversity of populations of the Merodon ruficornis
    group (Diptera, Syrphidae) on the Balkan Peninsula. Journal of Zoological Systematics and
    Evolutionary Research. (R-51) (38/114 Zoology; 1,177/2005)
4.  Vujić, A., Perez-Banon, C., Radenković, S., Stahls, G., Rojo, S., Petanidou, T., Šimić, S. (2007):
    Two new species of genus Merodon Meigen, 1803 (Syrphidae, Diptera) from the island of Lesvos


                                                                                                        106
     (Greece), East Mediterranean. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France (R-52) (53/66
     Entomology; 0,328/2005).
5.   Šikoparija, B., Radišić, P., Pejak, T., Šimić, S. (2006): Airborne grass and ragweed pollen in the
     southern Panonnian Valley – consideration of rural and urban environment. Annals of Agricultural
     and Environmental Medicine, 13: 263-266. (R-52) (75/139 Environmental Sciences; 1,051/2005).
6.   Ćurĉić, B., Dimitrijević, R., Radja, T., Dudić, B., Šimić, S. (2006): A new troglobitic
     pseudoscorpion from Albania. Periodicum biologorum, vol. 108 (1). (R-52) (63/64 Biology)
7.   Milankov, V., Stamenković, J., Vujić, A. Genetic differentiation and linkage disequilibrium in a
     spatially fragmented population of Cheilosia vernalis (Diptera: Syrphidae) from the Balkan
     Peninsula. Acta Zoologica Hung. (R-52) (109/112 Zoology)
8.   Mengual, X., Stahls, G., Vujic, A., Marcos-Garcia, M. (2006): Integrative taxonomy of Iberian
     Merodon species (Diptera, Syrphidae). Zootaxa 1377: 1-26. Zootaxa will be listed and ranked in the
     2006 edition of Journal of Citation Reports 2004 impact factor = 0,448
Nacionalni ĉasopisi
1.   Krpaĉ, T. V., Vujić, A., Šimić, S., Radenković, S., Lazarevska, S. (2006): On the Presence of the
     genus Callicera Panzer, 1809 (Diptera: Syrphidae) in Macedonia. Anniversary Proceedeings (1926-
     2006). Mac. Mus. Sci. Nat.: 57-58.
Monografije
1.   Polić, D. (2006): Floristiĉko-fitocenološka prouĉavanja Labudovog okna. Zaduţbina Andrejević.
     Beograd.
2.   Vujić, A., Šimić, S., Radenković, S., Nedeljković, Z. Diverzitet faune sirfida (Diptera, Syrphidae)
     ritova Vojvodine i potreba njihove zaštite. Matica srpska. Novi Sad.
3.   Beskiĉmenjaci (Invertebrata) Fruške gore. ed. Šimić, S. Matica srpska. Novi Sad.

Ante Vujić, Smiljka Šimić,Vesna Milankov, Sneţana Radenković, Bojana Stanić,
Prirodno-matematički fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Odrţavanje biodiveziteta u centrima raznovsnosti ( '' HOT SPOTS'' ) Balkanskog i Iberijskog
poluostrva ( Insecta:Diptera:Syrphidae ) "

Formirana je mreţa institucija iz EU (Španija, Finska, UK, Grĉka) i iz regiona (Srbija, Makedonija) koje
kao partnerske organizacije saraĊuju na istraţivanjima biodiverziteta hot-spot podruĉja Balkanskog i
Iberijskog poluostrva. Nastavljen je zajedniĉki rad na terenu i u laboratoriji u izuĉavanju varijabilnost
alozimskih lokusa, analiza sekvenci COI mtDNK (citohrom oksidaza I gen mitohondrijalne DNK) i ITS2 i
28S rDNK (ribozomalne DNK) populacija izabranih taksona i publikovanje rezultata. U proteklom
periodu publikovano je 8 radova u meĊunarodnim ĉasopisima (tri R-51, ĉetiri R-52), jedan rad u
nacionalnom ĉasopisu, i jedna monografija, a dve monografije su prihvaćene za štampu i dva rada su
predata u štampu.
Na osnovu saradnje sa partnerima i formiranja Centra za oĉuvanje biodiverziteta Balkanskog poluostrva
(http://www.ib.ns.ac.yu/CBBC/) podneta su tri predloga FP6 projekata. Projekat FP6-2006-TTC Proposal
no: 046002 (ALARM) je odobren 17.07.2006, a realizacija zapoĉeta 1.02.2007. Pored toga na osnovu rada
na pokrajinskom projektu dobijena su još dva meĊunarodna projekta: WUS Austria – CDP+ no. 116/06
Conservation Biology 2007. Saradnja sa partnerom iz Finske i Tempus – Erasmus Mundus IMG 06-
RS3012, 2007. Saradnja sa partnerom iz Finske.
U toku su pripreme za konkurisanje na novi poziv za FP7 projekte (FP7-REGPOT-2007-3) zajedno sa
partnerima na pokrajinskom projektu.
Nastavljena je praktiĉna primena rezultata u sferi zaštite biodiverziteta, kroz afirmaciju nauĉnih rezultata,
njihovu primene u konzervacionoj praksi i kroz ekspertize u oblasti zaštite vrsta i ekosistema u našoj
zemlji (saradnja sa upravama zaštićenih prirodnih dobara, Zavodom za zaštitu prirode Srbije,
Prirodnjaĉkim Muzejom u Beogradu, Pokrajinskim sekretarijatom za zaštitu ţivotne okoline,
Ministrastvom nauke i zaštite ţivotne sredine RS).
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108
SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES
DRUŠTVENE I HUMANISTIČKE NAUKE




                                 109
Mikloš Biro, Zdenka Novović, Sneţana Tovilović,
Faculty of Philosophy in Novi Sad
"Roma Children integration into Education system of Serbia"

The analyses of the research results in the previous research period has shown that the bad results
achieved at the pre-school test by Roma pupils are a consequence of inappropriate test material, which
handicaps educationally and intellectually neglected children, what is often the case with Roma pupils.
The Project team has created a new pre-school test, which is less dependent on the previous education and
more appropriately directed to recognize the problems which could be additionally treated with the
educationally neglected children, both in pro-school institutions and the preparatory classes.
Elaboration of the new test implied the psychometric standardization process (creation of norms) and
validation (testing its validity and discriminative values). In the course of the previous research year, the
project team carried out standardization and validation of the new pre-school test. The test norms as well
as specific attainment indexes of the educationally neglected children have been carried out on the sample
of 400 children assigned into 8 quarterly categories, from the age of 5 years and 6 months old to 7 years
and 5 months old (50 children in each group).

Reference:

1. Novović, Z., Biro, M., Tovilović, S., Baucal, A. (2007). Test zrelosti za školu. Beograd, Centar za
primenjenu psihologiju Društva psihologa Srbije (u štampi).




                                                                                                         110
Mikloš Biro, Zdenka Novović, Sneţana Tovilović,
Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Integracija romske dece u školski sistem Srbije"

Analiza rezultata istraţivanja u prethodnom istraţivaĉkom periodu, pokazala je da su loši rezulati koje su
uĉenici Romi pokazali na testu zrelosti za školu predominantno posledica nepoznavanja srpskog jezika,
zatim odsustva pripreme za školu i, najzad, neadekvatnog testovnog materijala koji hendikepira decu koja
su edukativno i intelektualno zapuštena, a što je najĉešći sluĉaj kod romskih uĉenika.
Projektni tim je pristupio procesu izrade novog testa zrelosti za školu koji bi bio manje zavistan od
prethodne edukacije i koji bi bio adekvatnije usmeren da prepozna probleme sa kojima bi se moglo
dodatno raditi sa edukativno zapuštenom decom, kako u predškolskim ustanovama, tako i u pripremnim
razredima.
Izrada novog testa podrazumevala je psihometrijski proces standardizacije (izrade normi) i validacije
(provere njegove valjanosti i diskriminativne vrednosti).
Tokom prethodne istraţivaĉke godine projektni tim je obavio standardizaciju i validaciju novog Testa
zrelosti za školu (prilagoĊenog edukativno zapuštenoj deci). Na uzorku od 400 dece rasporeĊene u 8
tromeseĉnih kategorija - od 5 godina i 6 meseci do 7 godina i 5 meseci (po 50 dece u svakoj) – uraĊene su
norme za test i pokazatelji specifiĉnog postignuća edukativno zapuštene dece.
Testiranje je sproveo istraţivaĉki tim uz pomoć školskih psihologa i Roma-asistenata na reprezentativnom
uzorku.
Kao rezultat standardizacije proizašao je novi test sa priruĉnikom za upotrebu koji će biti znaĉajno
poboljšanje procene zrelosti za školu edukativno zapuštenih uĉenika, meĊu kojima ima najviše uĉenika
Roma.




                                                                                                      111
Milan Tripković, Dragan Koković, Radivoj Stepanov, Gordana Tripković, Dušan Marinković, Ţolt Lazar,
Pavle Milenković, Valentina Sokolovska, Marko Škorić,
Faculty of Philosophy in Novi Sad
"Multikulturality    of    AP     Vojvodina    as     a  Factor    of   Regional    Linking     in
Southeastern and Central Europe"

On the basis of the suggested directions of research (1)characteristics of multiculturality and
regionalization in the conditions of transition, 2) value system and cultural patterns, 3) social dynamics of
ethnic groups, 4) social, intergenerational, ethnical i religious distance, 5) family, 6) normative order of
social life in Vojvodina that is important for stimulating inter-cultural permeating, as well as 7) rural-
urban aspects of the problems) the research team this year performed the following activities:
1. Organized scientific meeting, three days long (of national character with international participation)
called „Social Capital and integrative potentials of AP of Vojvodina and Republic of Serbia“, held on 26-
28 May 2006 in Vrdnik.
There were three basic topics, with several themes each: economical, social-cultural and political-law.
Inside the first topic, economic potential and developmental prospects of AP Vojvodina and Republic of
Serbia in the context of European integration are emphasized, especially from the point of view of started
transitional changes and possibilities of directioning of their following development, in the conditions of
divergent European market models and their consequences for Vojvodina and Serbia.
The second topic was dedicated to discussing the important characteristics of social structure and cultural
area of society in the period of transition, towards regional cooperation and wider intergrations. This
especially went for the processes of elitization, social distance, poverty and unemployment, then for
changes of value orientations in education, transformation of marriage, family and kinship system and
complex area of multiculturality and interculturality.
Eventually, the third topic dealt with establishing of rule of law and building of modern institutions,
political and constitutional frame of status of Vojvodina and its regional linkage with neighbouring states
and the EU.
After the scietific meeting, the collection of papers „Social Capital and Social Integration“ was published.
2. Performed the field work on the territory of AP Vojvodina where all sub-regions were represented, with
the sample of 1204 interviewees. The questionnaire used included all relevant and so far mentioned topics.
The field work was done in November and December 2006, in cooperation with the students at the
Department of Sociology.

Reference:

1. knjiga rezimea “Socijalni kapital i integrativni potencijali AP Vojvodine i Republike Srbije, ISBN 86-
80271-39-x;
 2. zbornik radova “Socijalni kapital i društvena integracija”. Priredio prof. dr Milan tripković, ISBN 86-
80271-40-3
 3. prezentacija rezultata anketnog istraţivanja u elektronskom obliku.




                                                                                                         112
Milan Tripković, Dragan Koković, Radivoj Stepanov, Gordana Tripković, Dušan Marinković, Ţolt Lazar,
Pavle Milenković, Valentina Sokolovska, Marko Škorić,
Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Multikulturalnost AP Vojvodine kao činilac regionalnog povezivanja u jugoistočnoj i centralnoj
Evropi "

Na osnovu predloţenih pravaca istraţivanja (1) osobenosti multikulturalnosti i regionalizacije u uslovima
tranzicije, 2) sistema vrednosti i kulturnih obrazaca, 3) društvene dinamike etniĉkih grupa, 4) socijalne,
meĊugeneracijske, etniĉke i konfesionalne distance, 5) porodice, 6) normativne ureĊenosti društvenog
ţivota u Vojvodini koja je od znaĉaja za podsticanje interkulturnog proţimanja, kao i 7) ruralno-urbanih
aspekta naznaĉene problematike) istraţivaĉki tim je u okviru ove istraţivaĉke godine realizovao sledeće
aktivnosti:
1. organizovao trodnevni nauĉni skup u kategoriji nacionalnog karaktera sa meĊunarodnim uĉešćem pod
nazivom “Socijalni kapital i integrativni potencijali AP Vojvodine i Republike Srbije” u periodu od 26. do
28. maja 2006. godine u Vrdniku.
        Na skupu su se razmatrale tri osnovne tematske oblasti, sa više posebnih tema: ekonomska, socio-
kulturna i političko-pravna.
U okviru prve tematske oblasti naglasak je bio usmeren na ekonomske potencijale i razvojne perspektive
AP Vojvodine i Republike Srbije u kontekstu evropskih integracija, posebno sa stanovišta zapoĉetih
tranzicijskih promena i mogućnosti usmeravanja njihovog daljeg toka, u uslovima divergentnosti
evropskih trţišnih modela i njihovih posledica po Vojvodinu i Srbiju.
        Druga tematska oblast bila je posvećena razmatranju bitnih obeleţja društvene strukture i kulturne
sfere društva u periodu tranzicije, na putu regionalne saradnje i širih integracija. Ovo se posebno odnosilo
na procese elitizacije, socijalne distance, siromaštva i nezaposlenosti, zatim izmena u vrednosnim
orijentacijama u obrazovanju, transformaciji braka, porodice i sistema srodniĉkih odnosa, te na
kompleksno podruĉje multikulturalnosti i interkulturacije.
        Najzad, u okviru treće tematske oblasti naglasak je stavljen na uspostavljanje pravne drţave i na
izgradnju modernih institucija, a u okviru toga naroĉito na politiĉki i ustavnopravni okvir profilisanja
statusa Vojvodine i njenog regionalnog povezivanja sa graniĉnim drţavama i Evropskom unijom.
        Nakon odrţanog nauĉnog skupa objavljen je zbornik radova pod nazivom »Socijalni kapital i
društvena integracija«.
2. Obavio terensko istraţivanje na teritoriji AP Vojvodine, vodeći raĉuna o proporcionalnoj zastupljenosti
svih subregiona, na uzorku od 1204 ispitanika. Upitnikom, koji je sastavljen tom prilikom, obuhvaćene su
sve predviĊene temetske oblasti. Terenski rad sproveden je tokom novembra i decembra 2006. godine u
saradnji sa studentima Odseka za sociologiju.




                                                                                                        113
Milka Oljaĉa, Mara Đukić, Olivera Kneţević-Florić, Olivera Gajić, Svetlana Kostović, Jasmina
Klemenović, Jovana Milutinović, Jelena Đermanov, Spomenka Budić, Sladjana Zuković,
Faculty of Philosophy in Novi Sad
"Model of professional Advanced Teachers' Training on the Intercultural Education"

Within the second year of work on the scientific project “Models of professional teacher training for
intercultural education”, the scientific-research work included studying of teachers‟ intercultural
competencies as dimensions of their professional development within which it has been pointed out that
the social context in most European countries has been characterized with multiethnicity, multiculturalism
and interculturalism. Intercultural competencies have been situated into a broader framework, into the
education for democratic citizenship. The concept o professional development of teachers has been
developed within PRESET and INSET systems in the intercultural social context.
The concept of multiculturalism has been analyzed from the standpoint of classical and traditional
principles. There has been studied the nature and the core of multiculturalism, as well as conditions for
multiculturalism to become ethically possible. Then, it has been pointed out that it is necessary to adopt
multiculturalism as a presumption that somebody can become the citizen of the world, which is changing,
pointing out that the reality itself cannot be understood if there is no understanding connection between a
person and his/her social environment.

Reference:

1. Milka Oljaĉa,(2007), Critical Pedagogy as a Theoretical foundation of the multicultural education,
    Tematski zbornik radova / knjiga 2, Odsek za pedagogiju, Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
2. Svetlana Kostović, Jelena Đermanov, Mara Đukić, (2007), Interkulturalne kompetencije kao segment
    profesionalnog razvoja nastavnika, Tematski zbornik radova / knjiga 2, Odsek za pedagogiju,
    Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
3. Olivera Kneţević-Florić (2007), Multiculturalism as the base of intercultural education, Tematski
    zbornik radova / knjiga 2, Odsek za pedagogiju, Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
4. Mara Đukić, Jelena Đermanov, Svetlana Kostović, (2007), Informaciono-komunikaciona tehnologija
    kao sredstvo interkulturalnog obrazovanja nastavnika, Tematski zbornik radova / knjiga 2, Odsek za
    pedagogiju, Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
5. Jasmina Klemenović (2007), Višejezičnost kao dimenzija interkulturalnosti, Tematski zbornik radova /
    knjiga 2, Odsek za pedagogiju, Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
6. Olivera Kneţević-Florić (2007), Socijalna integracija mladih u funkciji interkulturalizma, Tematski
    zbornik radova / knjiga 2, Odsek za pedagogiju, Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
7. Milka Oljaĉa,(2007), Koncept multikulturalnog obrazovanja i usavršavanje nastavnika, Tematski
    zbornik radova / knjiga 2, Odsek za pedagogiju, Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
8. Jovana Milutinović,(2007), Ciljevi interkulturalnog obrazovanja i vaspitanja, Tematski zbornik
    radova / knjiga 2, Odsek za pedagogiju, Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
9. Olivera Gajić, Spomenka Budić,(2007), Interkulturalna dimenzija građanskog vaspitanja i uloga
    nastavnika, Tematski zbornik radova / knjiga 2, Odsek za pedagogiju, Filozofski fakultet u Novom
    Sadu
10. SlaĊana Zuković, (2007), Interkulturalne dimenzije verske nastave u srednjoj školi, Tematski zbornik
    radova / knjiga 2, Odsek za pedagogiju, Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
11. Spomenka Budić, Olivera Gajić, Inkluzija multikulturalnog obrazovanja u tradicionalni kurikulum
    kroz sadržaje građanskog vaspitanja, Tematski zbornik radova / knjiga 2, Odsek za pedagogiju,
    Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
12. Milica Andevski, Svetozar DunĊerski, (2007), Interkulturalno obrazovanje i vaspitanje u školi
    (Nemačko iskustvo), Tematski zbornik radova / knjiga 2, Odsek za pedagogiju, Filozofski fakultet u
    Novom Sadu.
                                                                                                       114
Milka Oljaĉa, Mara Đukić, Olivera Kneţević-Florić, Olivera Gajić, Svetlana Kostović, Jasmina
Klemenović, Jovana Milutinović, Jelena Đermanov, Spomenka Budić, Sladjana Zuković,
Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Modeli stručnog usavršavanja nastavnika za interkulturalno vaspitanje i obrazovanje "

U okviru druge godine rada na nauĉnom projektu “Modeli struĉnog usavršavanja nastavnika za
interkulturalno vaspitanje i obrazovanje”,          nauĉno-istraţivaĉki rad je obuhvatao prouĉavanje
interkulturalnih kompetencija nastavnika kao dimenzije njihovog profesionalnog razvoja u okviru koga
se istiĉe da društveni kontekst u većini evropsih zemalja danas karkteriše multietiĉnost, multikulturalnost i
interkulturalnost. Interkulutralne kompeticije se situiraju u širi okvir, u obrazovanje za demokratsko
graĊanstvo.Razvijena je koncepcija profesionalnog razvoja nastavnika, u okviru PRESET i INSET
sistema u interkuutralnom društvenom kontekstu.
Koncept multikulturalizma se analizira, sa stanovišta klasiĉih i tradicionalnih principa. Prouĉavana je
priroda i suština multikulturalizma, kao i uslovi da multikulturalizam postane etiĉki moguć. Zatim se
ukazuje na neophodnost usvajanja multikuluralizma kao pretpostavke, da neko postane graĊanin sveta,
koji se menja, istiĉući da se i sama realnost ne moţe shvatiti ukoliko se ne shvate veze izmeĊu ĉoveka i
njegovog socijalnog okruţenja.




                                                                                                         115
Vera Vasić, Ljiljana Subotić, Ljiljana Petrovaĉki, Vladislava Ruţić, Ţarko Bošnjaković, Gordana Dragin,
Milivoj Alanović, Isidor Bjelaković, Nataša Bugarski, Mirjana Jocić, Jelena Vojnović, Milan Ajdţanović,
Faculty of Philosophy in Novi Sad
"Dialect of Novi Sad"

I Phonological-prosodic research
1. Transcription and coding of sound records of television and radio programs of Novi Sad media (27
hours)
1.1. Prosodic analysis: accent shift to the proclitic; vowel quantity (stressed or unstressed), prosodic
characteristics of announcers' (and reporters') speech
1.2. Determining the character and scope of deviation from the accent norms presented in the Dictionary
of Standard Serbo-Croatian Language (1967) on the corpus of speech of announcers and news readers of
Novi Sad television channels, on the basis of approximately 5,000 examples containing 1242 nouns.
1.3. The study of the acoustic characteristics of phonemes in isolated lexemes, as well as the
characteristics of pretonic vowels. The digital files were made in the program Sound Forge and were
analyzed with the Praat program for speech analysis.
II Morpho-lexical research
1. On the basis of the spoken language corpus, the questionnaire was devised and a poll was carried out
with the purpose of examining the functional and prosodic characteristics of the distribution of adjectival
definiteness.
2. On the basis of excerpted lexemes of foreign origin from the Dictionary of Standard Serbo-Croatian
Language, specialized dictionaries, references, fiction, the corpus of Novi Sad daily papers, songs by Novi
Sad singers (ĐorĊe Balašević, Garavi sokak) and the examples from spoken language, a glossary of loan
words was created (from German, Hungarian, French and Slovene), containing over 2,000 lexemes. It
then served as the basis of lists of provincialisms and colloquialisms and questionnaires based on the
meaning and usage of words.
3. A pilot study about addressing in the family was carried out (Nataša Bugarski-Kiš, Mirjana Jocić).
III Sociolinguistic research
1. On the basis of a poll, whose subjects were native citizens, newcomers and temporary citizens of Novi
Sad, the perception of Novi Sad spoken language and the attitudes towards it were examined.
2. Field research of the spoken language of teachers was started, and of their attitude towards the spoken
language of their students.

Reference:

1. Ajdţanović. M. i M. Alanović – Funkcionalni i prozodijski aspekti distribucije pridevskog vida u
   govoru Novog Sada. Zbornik za filologiju i lingvistiku (predato u štampu za broj L 2007. godina)
2. Bošnjaković, Ţ. – Prenošenje akcenta na proklitiku u govoru nekih javnih medija. Zbornik za filologiju
   i lingvistiku (predato u štampu za broj L 2007. godina)
3. Dragin, G. – Prozodijske osobine govora spikera (novinara) RTV Novi Sad. Zbornik za filologiju i
   lingvistiku XLVIII (u štampi)
4. Dragin, G. – Kvantitet vokala (pod akcentom i van njega) u elektronskim medijima. Zbornik za
   filologiju i lingvistiku. (predato u štampu za broj L 2007. godina)
5. Marković, M. i I. Bjelaković (2006). Neke akustiĉke karakteristike vokala u govoru Novog Sada.
   Godišnjak Filozofskog fakulteta u Novom Sadu, XXXI: 327-347. Novi Sad.
6. Marković, M. i I. Bjelaković (2006). Uticaj kvantiteta na vokalski kvalitet u govoru Novog Sada.
   Digitalna obrada govora i slike (DOGS). Fakultet tehniĉkih nauka. Univerzitet u Novom Sadu.
   Zbornik radova. 22-26.
7. Vasić, V., M. Jocić, Lj. Subotić, V. Ruţić, J. Vojnović-Ajdţanović, N. Bugarski-Kiš, I. Bjelaković,
   M. Marković (2006). Percepcija govora Novog Sada i stavovi prema njemu. Međunarodni kongres:
                                                                                                       116
   Primenjena lingvistika danas. Beograd, 28-30. septembar 2006. (predato u zbornik referata sa
   Kongresa).

Vera Vasić, Ljiljana Subotić, Ljiljana Petrovaĉki, Vladislava Ruţić, Ţarko Bošnjaković, Gordana Dragin,
Milivoj Alanović, Isidor Bjelaković, Nataša Bugarski, Mirjana Jocić, Jelena Vojnović, Milan Ajdţanović,
Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Govor Novog Sada"

I Fonološko-prozodijska ispitivanja
1. Transkribovani i kodirani su tonski zapisi:
– TV Novi Sad, TV Panonija, TV Jesenjin, TV Apolo , Radio 021, Pan radio, Radio Novi Sad – ukupno
12 sati (Ţarko Bošnjaković i Gordana Dragin);
1.1. Na tom korpusu obraĊeno je:
– prenošenje akcenta na proklitiku (Ţ. Bošnjaković)
– prozodijske osobine govora spikera (novinara) RTV Novi Sad (G. Dragin)
1.2. Na korpusu govora voditelja-spikera informativnih emisija novosadskih televizijskih stanica na blizu
5000 primera sa 1242 razliĉite imenice utvrĊeni su karakter i opseg odstupanja od akcenatske norme
prezentovane u Reĉniku srpskohrvatskog knjiţevnog jezika (1967). Promene su posmatrane u zavisnosti
od paradigmatskog tipa, roda, broja slogova, derivacione strukture i porekla reĉi. (D. Sredojević pod
mentorstvom Lj. Subotić; rukopis ima 236 stranica).
1.3. Ispitana su i obraĊena akustiĉka obeleţja fonema u izolovanim leksemama i obeleţja pretoniĉnih
vokala. Digitalna datoteka u programu Sound Forge spektogramski je analizirana u programu Praat (I.
Bjelaković i M. Marković).
II Morfoleksiĉka istraţivanja
1. Na korpusu razgovornog jezika saĉinjen je i anketiranjem proveren upitnik funkcionalnih i prozodijskih
karakteristika distribucije pridevskog vida (M. Ajdţanović i M. Alanović)
2. Na osnovu ekscerpcije leksema stranog porekla iz Reĉnika srpskohrvatskog knjiţevnog jezika,
specijalnih reĉnika, struĉne literature, beletristike, udţbeniĉke literature, korpusa dnevnih (novosadskih)
novina, pesama novosadskih pevaĉa (ĐorĊe Balašević, Garavi sokak), primera iz razgovornog jezika
saĉinjen je registar reĉi stranog porekla (nemaĉkog, maĊarskog, francuskog, slovenskog) (preko 2000
leksema), na osnovu kojeg su saĉinjene liste pokrajinizama i kolokvijalizama i izraĊeni upitnici na osnovu
kriterija znaĉenja i sfere upotrebe reĉi (M. Ajdţanović, J. Vojnović-Ajdţanović, M. Alanović, V. Vasić,
J. Draţić, M. Stokin, G. Štasni). Metodom upitnika prikupljena je leksika tradicionalne kulture (M.
Stokin).
3. UraĊeno je pilot istraţivanje oslovljavanja u porodici (Nataša Bugarski-Kiš, Mirjana Jocić).
III Sociolingvistiĉka istraţivanja
1. Na osnovu anketetnog istraţivanja starosedelaca, doseljenika i privremenih stanovnika Novog Sada
obraĊena je percepcije govora Novog Sada i stavovi prema njemu.
2. Zapoĉeta su terenska istraţivanja govora nastavnika i njihovog stava prema govoru uĉenika (Lj.
Petrovaĉki, G. Štasni).




                                                                                                       117
Janoš Banjai, Mirjana Stefanović, Kornelija Farago, Julijan Ramaĉ, Dubravka Valić-Nedeljkov, Dejan
Pralica,
Faculty of Philosophy in Novi Sad
"Place and significance of Media Studies for Interregional Cooperation"

All projected researches were finished in 2006. We have finished the work in relation to the education of
students of media study for the interregional cooperation. The results of research were presented within
the framework of common education of students of Media studies from Szeged (prof. dr J. Banjai). The
research concentrated on the relationship between the literature and foreignness/strangeness led to the
interpretation of a text that could be useful for the students of Journalistic in order to encourage the
understanding of the relationship concerning the foreignness (prof. dr M. Stefanović). The discourses on
the media in public have special meaning within the minority-based cultures in the sense of the balanced
presenting of the events within the temporal framework in particular media (dr K. Farago). The research
on the transformation of the state-based media into the public and mixed proprietorship makes a huge
impact on the conception of interregional cooperation, especially in broadcast-institutions of Vojvodina
(doc. dr D. Valić-Nedeljković). Using the quantitative-qualitative analyses of different aspects in media
the author was dealing with the scale and quality of the media supply of a weekly in Ruthenian language,
«Ruske slovo» (prof. dr Julijan Ramaĉ). We have worked out the map of the media cooperation between
the broadcast- and TV institutions in Vojvodina with the similar institutions in Hungary and Croatia, and
Bosnia (mr D. Pralica). We have carried out a paper concerning the subject Librarianship and Media in the
Media as the form of research concerning the relation between the public and printed manifestations
(Violeta Rakić).




                                                                                                     118
Janoš Banjai, Mirjana Stefanović, Kornelija Farago, Julijan Ramaĉ, Dubravka Valić-Nedeljkov, Dejan
Pralica,
Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Mesto i značaj medijskih studija za medjuregionalnu saradnju"

        Na projektu su uĉestvovali su istraţivaĉi : prof. dr Janoš Banjai, prof. dr Mirjana Stefanović, dr
Kornelija Farago, prof. dr Julijan Ramaĉ, doc. dr Dubravka Valić-Nedeljković, mr Dejan Pralica.
Doprinos u realizaciji projekta dala je i Violeta Rakić angaţujući se u sitraţivanju.
        U okviru projekta ostvarena je izuzetno dobra saradnja sa Katedrom za medije i komunikacije
Filozofskog fakulteta Univerziteta u Segedinu. Sa kolegama iz Segedina upriliĉeno je više sastanaka ĉiji
rezultat je Konferencija odrţana 26-27. januara 2007. godine i dvonedeljni radni boravak studenata
Ţurnalistike sa Odseka za medijske studije u Segedinu. Za 11. maj 2007. godine planirana je završna
Konferencija, takoĊe u Segedinu, na kojoj će uĉestvovati svi istraţivaĉi na Projketu kao i studenti
Ţurnalistike. Radovi sa ovih Konferencija biće objavljeni u Zborniku radova ĉije štampanje se oĉekuje
tokom ove godine. Praktiĉan rad studenata već je krunisan zajedniĉkom radijskom i TV emisijom, a ostali
njihovi radovi biće blagovremeno emitovani u medijima.
        Svi uĉesnici na Projektu izuzetno su zadovoljni ostvarenim rezultatima a posebno ostavernom
saradnjom sa kolegama iz Segedina.
        Na sajtu Fakulteta www.ff.ns.ac.yu (Struktura – Odsek za medijske studije – Aktuelne
informacije) moţete pogledati Izveštaj o boravku studenata u Segedinu propraćen ilustracijama.




                                                                                                      119
Julijan Tamaš, Lajoš Genc, Joţef Salma,
Academy of Sciences and Arts of Vojvodina in Novi Sad
"Spiritual Resources of Vojvodina"

The project conceived as lasting several years, with finishing some themes and including the new ones, as
well as new researchers.
The description of the uniqueness of Vojvodina as a heterogenous region whose experiences are of some
importance to other heterogenous regions of the world.
The psycholinguistic aspect includes the impact of the simultaneous or successive multilingualness to the
development of intelectual capabilities of children.
The philologic and literary aspect describes the traditions of the so called small literatures and cultural
innovations within those traditions, as well as their importance for the understanding and description of
the theoretical bases of the history of literature and culture.
The legal aspect describes the need that in Vojvodina the basis of the autonomy should not be seeked in
hungarian or serbian stateship, but that it is drawn from the real-estate records, according to which all
nationalities in Vojvodina are domicile for already 12 generation, and some of them even more. In
Vojvodina the etnical structure of the population has been altered by force, and the Serbs are dominant
now, although it has no foundation in international law. The only valid legal solution is that Vojvodina is
not a serbian province, but a heterogenous european region in the sence of historicaly founded traditional
autonomies, and in no way can it be an inner colony of Serbia, as it is suggested by the latest constitution
of the year 2006.
The philologic and literaty aspect describes the so called small literary and cultural traditions which have
not reached the national level. Their importance is in the fact that creative principles function in small
literatures as well as in so called big ones, only the emisional power of the small ones is handicaped, but
on the other hand there appears the fact that the small ones are not wornd-out, which is the golden
resource of mankind. This research documents and interprets this idea.
The legal, the psycholinguistic and the philologic aspects of the research offer a small revolution in
comprehending the importance of heterogenous regions and small ethnic communities as creative
advances inside them, but also inside the existing countries and mankind.
This project is a pioneer one, not only in Vojvodina but in the world. The books that will summarize and
document it small appear in the year 2007.

Reference:

1. Tamaš, J. (2006): O prirodi knjiţevnosti i prirodi prouĉavanja knjiţevnosti. VANU, Novi Sad, p. 160
2. Tamaš, J.: Slavonic Literary Microlanguages and Laguage Contacts. In: Alexandr D. Dulichenko and
   Sven Gustavsson (Eds.)Tartu University with the Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and
   Antiquities, Tartu, 2006, p. 223-235
3. Göncz, L. (2006): Iskolaválasztás a Vajdaságban. 125-141. U: Gábrity Molnár, I., Mirnics, Zs. (ured.)
   Oktatási oknyomozó. Vajdasági kutatások 9. MTT Könyvtár, Szabadka, p.201.
4. Göncz, L. (2006): Psihologija dvojeziĉnosti. Istraţivanje psiholoških aspekata dvojeziĉnosti u
   Vojvodini. 110–114. U: Kastori, R. (ur.) VANU – Godišnjak 2005, VANU, Novi Sad, p. 218.
5. A kettős állampolgárságról – újabb tanulmányok, kérdések és válaszok a kettős állampolgárságról( O
   dvojnom drţavljanstvu – nove studije, pitanja i odgovori o dvojnom drţavljanstvu), Nauĉno Društvo
   VojvoĊanskih MaĊara - Atlantis kiadó, Novi Sad, 2006. godine, str. 305 old., sa rezimeom na
   nemaĉkom jeziku: Zusammenfassung: Zur doppelten Staatsangehörigkeit, str. 305. ISBN 86-83581-
   38-1
6. Das Patentrecht bei der Dienst- und Angesetelltenerfindung im serbischen (Staatsgemeinschaft von
   Serbien und Montenegro) Recht, Publicationes Universitatis Miskolciensis, Sectio Juridica et Politica,
   tomus XXIV, Miskolc University Press, 2006, str. 499-511.
                                                                                                        120
Julijan Tamaš, Lajoš Genc, Joţef Salma,
VojvoĎanska akademija nauka i umetnosti u Novom Sadu
"Duhovni resursi Vojvodine"

Projekat je zamišljen kao višegodišnji, sa završetkom pojedinih tema i ukljuĉivanjem novih, kao i
potencijalnih novih istraţivaĉa.
Opis neponovljivosti Vojvodine kao heterogene regije ĉija iskustva imaju znaĉaj i za druge heterogene
regije u svetu.
Projekat je u prve tri godine imao tri teme (pravnu, psiholingvistiĉku i filološku odnosno knjiţevnu).
Pravni aspekt obuhvatio je istraţivanje stvarnog poloţaja manjinskih zajednica u Vojvodini i svetu u
svetlu nacionalnog i meĊunarodnog prava.
Psiholingvistiĉki aspekt obuhvata uticaj istovremene ili sukcesivne višejeziĉnosti na razvoj intelektualnih
sposobnosti dece.
Filološki i knjiţevni aspekt opisuje tradicije tzv. malih knjiţevnosti i kultura i inovacija u okviru tih
tradicija, te njihov znaĉaj za razumevanje i opis teorijskih osnova istorije knjiţevnosti i kulture.
Ovaj projekat je pionirski, ne samo u Vojvodini, nego i u svetu. Treba saĉekati da se pojave knjige koje to
rezimiraju i dokumentuju. Knjige će se pojaviti u 2007. godini.
Pravni, psiholingvistiĉki i filološki aspekti istraţivanja nude malu revoluciju u shvatanju znaĉaja
heterogenih regija i malih etniĉkih zajednica kao kreativnih unutar njih, ali i unutar postojećih drţava i
ĉoveĉanstva.




                                                                                                       121
Dragoljub Ţivković, Ranko Konĉar, Ljubivoje Cerović,
Academy of Sciences and Arts of Vojvodina in Novi Sad
"Vojvodina Nations’ Suffering 1941-1948"

        The researching project Truth on the Vojvodina people suffering from 1941-1948, appeared
within APV Assembly2ooo-2oo4 by the decision to faund a questionnaire board for all researching to
be done. The board was working frone 2oo1 to 2oo4. and the Assembly accepted everything done.
However the work continued within the newly founed VANU lasting up to today. The project was
finnced by IV Vojvodina, namely by the Science and Technology Secretariat. Thanks to it three
phases were finished: project executing, researchers and cooworks, gothering, agreements with
archieves and museuns, researching methodology stating: the enter data phase and their processing
according to a special methodology: the comparison ordering phase, data cleaning up , and the
cooperating engagement with the Danube germans Unity, the Belgrade and Segedin Contemporary
History Institutes, Genocide Museum of Belgrade, issueing a collection of works after the scientific,
summit in the Vojvodina Assembly Building. All this time we were enjoying the help from Vojvodina,
Assembly and its Executive Council.
        Over 2oo.ooo data were gathered and processed, over 3oo books either, and over 3oo talks to
people owning their private data soweces Jt was succeeded that 85% of data would be gathered and
processed one by one by the constant researchers,workcontrol on the grounds in all archieves and
museums in Vojvodina, with all cowarkers in Belgrade, Germay, Hungary, Vojvodina, it means that
every victin was put into the project. So the project got both a concrete form and a wholeness ,
objectivity and historical truth. So all partial truths,unsu fficient data, varions generalizations, false data
hidden data will reach the truth finally.
        That is why thisproject is unique, free from all sortsof anyideatogical, parties, national demension
is scientificlly based. That is a great contribution to not only the knowledge of something that was
once, that was bothering us. Jt will also enable human relatins of this area based on the truth. The great
historical truth, that a nation that does not know its past has to revise it constantly , is ever tody ruling
aneong us. So this researchimg could be the first facing with the past, giving honour to all innocently
killed war victines and the ones after the war teror, the truth promoting and the fight against all and
everybodys crime.
        We expect the fourth project phase finished, and so the total fubfillment of the basic researching
objective.

Reference:

Za potrebe istraţivanja obradjeno je preko 200.000 kartica ili anketnih listova sa podacima o stradalim
ljudima u navedenom periodu, korišćeno je preko 3oo pisanij izvora, mahom knjiga, obavljeno preko 2o.
usmenih razgovora, angaţovano preko 5o istraţivaĉa i saradnika, napisano za javnost preko 5o izjava,
nastuolo se na desetak televizijskih skupova, izlagalo se na 5 nauĉnih skupova, objavljen Zbornik
rezultata istraţivanja od 1941 do 1945.godine, organizovan nauĉni skup u prostorijama Skupštine
Vojvodine na kome je nastupilo 4o istraţivaĉa, dva ambasadora i dva savetnika ambasada,
 Literatura za potrebe gradje istraţivanja je korišćena na engleskom, nemaĉkom, madjarskom,
rumunskom i srpskom jeziku. Istraţivaĉi su boravili u Nemaĉkoj, Madjarskoj, Hrvatskoj. Zahvaljujući
ogromnom radu celokupne istraţivaĉke ekipe, moguće je odmah preći na ĉetvrti ili završnu fazu
istraţivanju za koju je pripremljena prijava za sufinansiranje.




                                                                                                           122
Dragoljub Ţivković, Ranko Konĉar, Ljubivoje Cerović,
VojvoĎanska akademija nauka i umetnosti u Novom Sadu
"Istraţivanje istine o stradanju stanovnika Vojvodine od 1941. do 1948. godine"

        Osnovni cilj istraţivanja je bio dolaţenje do istine o stradanju stanovmnika Vojvodine u periodu
od 1941. do 1948,godine kroz ĉetiri faze istraţivanja. Prve dve faze je finasirala Skupština AP Vojvodine
a treću fazu IV odnosno Sekretarijat za nauku i tehnologiju IV AP Vojvodine. O prve dve faze istraţivanja
je podnet izveštaj 2oo4. Skupštini Vojvodine i ona ga je prihvatila. Ovaj izveštaj se podnosi Sekretarijatu
za nauku IV APV jer ga je ona istrašivala i odvijao se kao projekta Vojvodjanske Akademije nauka i
umetnosti u vremenu od 2006 i tokom 2007, do juna meseca. U tom periodu su izvršeni svi radovi
predvidjeni trećom fazom a to znaĉi: nastavilo se sa prikupljnjme podataka na terenu, na unosu podataka u
kompjuter po utvrdjneoj metodologiji, na komparativnom sredjivanju podataka, na izradi metodologije
slaganja podataka po odredjenim vrednostima, na kontroli rada saradnika na unosu i sredjivanju podataka,
na poseti i dogovorima sa Podunavskim Nemcima, na dogovorima sa istraţivaĉima na terebu, na izradi
pripereme podataka za analizu,kao i na dovorima sa analitiĉarima o metodologiji pisanja analize i izradi
ĉetiri zbornika.




                                                                                                       123
Marija Zotović, Nila Kapor-Stanulović, Jelica Petrović, Ivana Mihić,
Faculty of Philosophy in Novi Sad
"The family as the value in the time of socio-political transition"

The following project goals were realized:
- characteristics of families with different socio-economic status (SES) were described. The results
showed that families with lower SES had worse family climate and lower adaptability.
- characteristics of single-parent families were examined. The only difference in comparison with
complete families was registered in parenting style of father, who is the absent parent in single-parent
families in majority of cases.
- status of marriage and family as values was identified. The results showed that traditional values of
marriage and family are common, although gender differences were prominent. Egalitarian and
individualistic values are more frequent in girls; while in boys, a tendency to postpone marriage is
registered.
- characteristics or marital relationships and attitudes were described. Marriages were estimated as
functional, with closeness, connectedness and communication between partners as main strengths. Some
aspects were rated as poor, like joint decision making, household labour division, and shared values.
Potential risk factor for marital relationships, identified in this study, is discrepancy between traditional
organization of families on one side, and egalitarian values and expectations from families on the other.

Reference:

1. Mihić I., Petrović J. (2007). Brak i porodica kao vrednosti kod studenata novosadskog univerziteta.
   Pedagoška stvarnost (u štampi).
2. Mihić I., Kapor-Stanulović N. (2007). Uverenja o ulogama roditelja u porodicama na teritoriji
   Vojvodine. Pedagoška stvarnost (u štampi)
3. Mihic I, Petrovic J, Zotovic M. (2007). Household labor division in serbian families. Rad prihvaćen za
   izlaganje na skupu 13th European conference on Developmental Psychology, Jena, August 2007.
4. Mihic I., Petrovic J., Zotovic M. (2007). Family characteristics and division of household labor in
   serbian society: efects of social transition. Rad prihvaćen za izlaganje na skupu European Conference
   of Psychology, Prague, July 2007.
5. Mihić,I., Zotović, M., Petrović J., Jerković I. (2006) Vaspitni stilovi roditelja i percipirana
   adaptabilnost porodica. Saopštenje na Danima primenjene psihologije, Niš, septembar, 2006.
Zotović, M. (urednik; u štampi) Porodice u Vojvodini: karakteristike i funkcionalnost.

U pripremi je simpozijum na temu «Aktuelno stanje i karakteristike porodica» za 56. Nauĉno-struĉni skup
psihologa Srbije u maju 2007.




                                                                                                         124
Marija Zotović, Nila Kapor-Stanulović, Jelica Petrović, Ivana Mihić,
Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Porodica kao vrednost u društvu u procesu tranzicije"

U okviru projektnih aktivnosti realizovani su sledeći istraţivaĉki ciljevi:
-opisane su razlike u funkcionalnosti porodica s obzirom na njihov materijalni status. Rezultati ukazuju da
porodice sa niţim materijalnim statusom karakteriše lošiji kvalitet porodiĉne klime u celini, a pad u
kvalitetu porodiĉni odnosa naroĉito je uoĉljiv u pojavi većeg intenziteta i uĉestalosti konflikata. Ove
porodice su manje adaptabilne,što znaĉi da poseduju manje kapaciteta za promenu i odgovor na zahteve
tranzicije.
-opisane su karakteristike i funkcionalnost jednoroditeljskih porodica. Rezultati pokazuju da nema razlika
u procenjenim karakteristikama ovih porodica u poreĊenju sa potpunim. Kako je i oĉekivano razlikuje se
jedino percepcija vaspitnih ponašanja roditelja, i to najĉešće onog koji nije sa detetom (oca). U toku je
prikupljanje i obrada podataka vezanih za funkcionalnost koroditeljskih odnosa nakon razvoda, kao i
procenu porodiĉne dinamike nakon razvoda od strane roditelja.
- opisane su vrednosti braka i porodice kod mladih. Rezultati ukazuju na odrţanje tradicionalnih vrednosti
braka i porodice, ali i na razlike s obzirom na pol koje se pre svega tiĉu pomeranja vrednosnog sistema ka
zahtevima za egalitarnošću i razvoju individualistiĉkih vrednosti kod devojaka i odlaganja preuzimanja
porodiĉnih uloga kod mladića.
-opisane su karakteristike braka i uverenja o odnosima unutar porodica. Brakovi iz uzroka procenjeni su
kao funkcionalni, uz naglasak na snagama koje po ispitanicima potiĉu iz procenjene bliskosti, povezanosti
i komunikacije meĊu partnerima. Ispod proseka je nivo zadovoljstva u parnterskoj relaciji, kao i
konsenzus u odnosima, vezan za donošenje odluka, podelu posla i odgovoronosti i deljenih vrednosti.
Rezultati istraţivanja o uverenjima o ulogama u porodici ukazuju na riziĉnu diskrapancu izmeĊu uoĉene
tradicionalne raspodele uloga i opisanih visoko egalitarnih uverenja i oĉekivanja o ovim ulogama.
U toku je rad na poreĊenju karakteristika porodica iz Vojvodine sa porodicama iz regiona Niša, a u
nastavku se oĉekuje rad na prikupljanju podataka o karakteristikama porodica i podele posla na uzorku iz
Velike Britanije.




                                                                                                       125
Dušan Ristić, Djuro Kutlaĉa, Olja Delić, Viktor Radun, Srdjan Arsenijević, Ivan Šćepanović,
Faculty of management in Novi Sad
"Innovative culture as a factor in creating and developing innovative systems"

By carrying out a research, we managed to achieve the project goals:
    1. Identification of internal and external factors from aspects of innovative culture in chosen sectors
       and departments
    2. Identification of cultural determinants which initiate creativity and risk acceptance in the creation
       of new. Furthermore, they initiate entrepreneur and knowledge and idea interchange in our society.
The project goals are realised in the accordance with the research plan in 2006. The empirical research of
innovative activities cultural aspects was mainly conducted. Also, we have partly carried out the empirical
research in the fields in which it was possible in the first and second year of the project. The planned
continuation of the research in the third year will provide more in-depth theoretical research. Moreover, it
will provide more extensive project subject empirical research in the innovative system conditions of
Vojvodina with the stress on the management and media education.

Reference:
1. Inovaciona kultura u Srbiji – mit ili realnost, izdavaĉ: Fakultet za menadţment, Novi Sad, 232 str.,
urednik monografije Milica Andevski, u pripremi
2. Đuro Kutlaĉa, SrĊan Arsenijević: „Edukacija za upravljanje medijskim projektom – znanje, veština i
umetnosti“, YUPMA, 15-17.5. 2006.

3. meĊunarodna konferencija "Informatika, obrazovna tehnologija i novi mediji u obrazovanju", Sombor,
1-2. april 2006.
    - SrĊan Arsenijević: "From Information to Communicative Practice"
    - SrĊan Arsenijević: „Komunikativni univerzitet“, TKR, Palić, septembar 2006..
    - Olja Delić: "The Influence of Communication on the Motivation In E-Learning"
    - Olja Delić: „ Samoevaluacija obrazovanja za menadţment“, TREND 2007. Kopaonik, mart, 2007.
    - SrĊan Arsenijević, Olja Arsenijević: „Tipovi konverzije znanja u edukaciji za medije“, TREND
               2007. Kopaonik, mart, 2007.




                                                                                                        126
Dušan Ristić, Djuro Kutlaĉa, Olja Delić, Viktor Radun, Srdjan Arsenijević, Ivan Šćepanović,
Fakultet za mendţment u Novom Sadu
"Inovaciona kultura kao faktor u formiranju i razvoju inocacionih sistema"

Istraţivanjima su realizovani sledeći ciljevi projekta: (1) Identifikacija eksternih i internih faktora
inovacionog procesa, posmatrano sa aspekta inovacione kulture u izabranim sektorima i delatnostima; (2)
Identifikacija kulturnih determinanti inovacionog procesa, koje potstiĉu kreativnost, preuzimanje rizika u
stvaranju novog, preduzetništvo, razmenu znanja i ideja u našem društvu. Ovi ciljevi su realizovani,
saglasno planu istraţivanja u 2006.g., uglavnom empirijskim istraţivanjima kulturoloških aspekata
inovacionih aktivnosti i, delom, empirijskim istraţivanjima u oblastima za koje je u prvoj i drugoj godini
rada na projektu to bilo izvedivo. Planirani nastavak istraţivanja u trećoj godini obezbediće produbljivanje
teoretskih istraţivanja, kao i ekstenzivnije empirijsko istraţivanje predmeta projekta u uslovima
inovacionog sistema AP Vojvodine, sa naglaskom na obrazovanje iz oblasti menadţmenta i medija.




                                                                                                        127
Aleksandar Kasaš, Ksenija Maricki-Gadjanski, Slavko Gavrilović, Peter Rokai, Duško Kovaĉević, Janko
Ramaĉ, Zoltan Djere, Vladan Gavrilović, Biljana Šimunović-Bešlin, Dejan Mikavica, Svetozar Boškov,
Vesna Manojlović-Nikolić, Djordje Djurić, Momir Samardţić, Ifigenija Radulović, Sneţana Boţanić,
Djura Hardi, Dragica Koljanin, Slobodan Bjelica, Goran Vasin,
Faculty of Philosophy in Novi Sad
"Political, Economic and Cultural research of Vojvodina"

On the above mentioned Project the following research fellows have been engaged: one Academician of
SANU ( Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts ), five full professors, five docents, nine assistants (
holders of M. A. ) and one assistant – beginning employee. An international partner from the region has
been the Department of History, Faculty of Philosophy from Szeged, Hungary. The variety of processed
topics from the classical to modern period, testify that within the historiography of Vojvodina there have
been a large number of themes that have not been examined and studied enough, yet. The classical period
has been covered with the topics related to the study of classical languages within the high school of
Sremski Karlovci, especially, along with the analysis of the preserved historical sources on those
languages, as well. The least examined medieval history of Vojvodina has been covered with the topics
connected to the research of the Slav customs and believes on the current Vojvodina region in the 5th and
6th century, archeological evaluation of the medieval population that had lived onto the previosly
mentioned regions according to the Pope supplications. Research fellows that processed the topics from
the more recent history, have mainly examined the most significant figures from the history of Vojvodina
such as: Svetozar Miletić and his relationship towards the religious issue, Jakov Ignjatović and his
political attitudes, Vuk Marinković our first physicist born in Novi Sad, military contribution of Miloš
Vojnović within the Revolution of 1848/49 etc. Apart from these topics, the significance of the first
railroads in Baĉka in the second half of 19th century, has also been scientifically examined, along with the
great importance of the Balkan merchants for the Serbian middle – class building in South Hungary, in
18th century. The period between two World Wars has been examined through the analysis of Municipal
elections in Vojvodina, in 1927, biography research of all of the eleven bans or Danube basin regional unit
along with the significance of Agricultural schools openings in Vojvodina from 1918 to 1929. The history
of Vojvodina Ruthenians has been examined from the aspect of their contacts with other national groups
and trough the analysis of the historiographic papers since the end of 19th century untill 1941. The history
after World War II has been examined through the cultural – educational policy of Yugoslav Communists
and their attitude towards this issue in the multinational Vojvodina.




                                                                                                        128
Aleksandar Kasaš, Ksenija Maricki-Gadjanski, Slavko Gavrilović, Peter Rokai, Duško Kovaĉević, Janko
Ramaĉ, Zoltan Djere, Vladan Gavrilović, Biljana Šimunović-Bešlin, Dejan Mikavica, Svetozar Boškov,
Vesna Manojlović-Nikolić, Djordje Djurić, Momir Samardţić, Ifigenija Radulović, Sneţana Boţanić,
Djura Hardi, Dragica Koljanin, Slobodan Bjelica, Goran Vasin,
Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Istraţivanja političke, privredne i kulturne prošlosti Vojvodine"

Na projektu je bilo angaţovano: jedan akademik SANU, pet redovnih profesora, pet docenata, devet
asistenata sa magistraturom i jedan asistent – pripravnik. MeĊunarodni partner iz regiona bio je Filozofski
fakultet u Segedinu, Katedra za istoriju. Raznovrsnost obraĊenih tema, od antiĉkih vremena do
savremenog doba, svedoĉe da u vojvoĊanskoj istoriografiji postoji mnoštvo tema koje još nisu dovoljno
istraţivane i prouĉavane. Antiĉki period pokriven je temama koje se odnose na prouĉavanje klasiĉnih
jezika, posebno u Karlovaĉkoj gimnaziji, ali i analizi saĉuvanih istorijskih izvora na tim jezicima.
Najmanje prouĉavana srednjovekovna istorija Vojvodine pokrivena je temama vezanim za istraţivanje
obiĉaja i verovanja Slovena na današnjem vojvoĊanskom prostoru u V i VI veku, arhološkom
vrednovanju naĊenog srednjovekovnog oruţja sa vršaĉke kule, ali i analizi srednjovekovnog stanovništva
koje je ţivelo na ovim prostorima na osnovu papskih suplikacija. Saradnici koji su se bavili temama iz
novije istorije, u najvećem broju, prouĉavali su znaĉajne liĉnosti vojvoĊanske prošlosti, kao npr:
Svetozara Miletića i njegov odnos prema crkvenom pitanju, Jakova Ignjatovića i njegove politiĉke
stavove, Vuka Marinkovića, našeg prvog fiziĉara rodom iz Novog Sada, vojniĉki doprinos Miloša
Vojnovića u Revoluciji 1848/49. godine itd. Pored ovih tema, nauĉno je obraĊen i znaĉaj izgradnje prvih
ţeleznica u Baĉkoj u drugoj polovini XIX veka, ali i znaĉaj balkanskih trgovaca u XVIII veku za
izgradnju srpskog graĊanskog staleţa u juţnoj Ugarskoj. Period izmeĊu dva svetska rata prouĉavan je
kroz analizu opštinskih izbora u Vojvodini 1927. godine, biografskom prouĉavanju svih jedanaest banova
Dunavske banovine, ali i znaĉaju otvaranja poljoprivrednih škola u Vojvodini 1918 – 1929. godine.
Istorija vojvoĊanskih Rusina prouĉavana je iz aspekta njihovih kontakata sa drugim nacionalnim
zajednicama i kroz analizu istoriografskih radova od kraja XIX veka do 1941. godine. Istorija posle
Drugog svetskog rata prouĉavana je kroz kulturno – prosvetnu politiku jugoslovenskih komunista i njihov
stav prema ovom pitanju u višenacionalnoj Vojvodini.




                                                                                                       129
Mihal Harpanj, MIhal Tir, Miroslav Dudok, Adam Svetlik, Jarmila Hodoliĉ, Jozef Valihora, Zuzana
Tirova, Marina Šimak,
Faculty of Philosophy in Novi Sad
"Regional linguistic, literary and cultural vectors in multicultural discourse: Slovak model"

The project studies language, literature and culture of the Slovac ethnic minority in Vojvodina, Hungary
and Romania and emphasizes the Slovac paradigm in Vojvodina.
Researches of the language focuse on diachronic (sermonic style of the Slovak evangelists in the 19th
century), as well as on synchronic aspect (orthoepic problems of the Slovak language in Vojvodina, new
form of communication in the form of SMS‟s frequently used by younger people).
Researches of the literature focuse on developing, typological and genre impression and situation in 2nd
half of the 20th century especially on the newest literary events (typological differentiation in new works
of the Slovak minority`s literature, children‟s literature, transformation of poetic expression of the
younger poets in Vojvodina as well as one aspect of narrative discourse).
Project researches demonstrate the lingual, literary and cultural dynamics of the Slovac minority`s culture
and its coexisting and cooperation with other ethnic paradigmas in the multicultural space of Vojvodina
(overvelming the teritory of Vojvodina). In this direction it is expected to do the other necessery
researches.

Reference:

1.Slovenská kazateľská tvorba v dejinných súvislostiach a v spoloĉenskom kontexte. Ed. E. Krasnovská.
Trnava: Pedagogická fakulta Trnavsekj univerzity – Slavistický ústav Jána Stanislava SAV 2006.
2. Slovakistický zborník, Nový Sad: Slovakistická vojvodinská spoloĉnosť, 2006.
3. Slavica Segediensia VI, Szeged: Szegedi Tudománaegyetem Juhás Gyula Tanárképzo Foiskolai Kar
Orosz Nyelv es Irodalom Tansék, Slovák Nyevelv és Irodalom Tanseék, 2006.
4. Nový ţivot 10-12, Báĉsky Petrovec: Kultúra, 2006.
5. Most, Novi Sad: Zavod za kulturu Vojvodine, 2006.




                                                                                                       130
Mihal Harpanj, MIhal Tir, Miroslav Dudok, Adam Svetlik, Jarmila Hodoliĉ, Jozef Valihora, Zuzana
Tirova, Marina Šimak,
Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Regionalni jezički, knjiţevni i kulturni vektori u multikulturnom diskursu – Slovačka paradigma"

Istraţivanja su bila usmerena na sveobuhvatno osvetljavanje uspostavljanja i funkcionisanja specifiĉnog
modela manjinske kulture koja se ostvaruje na rubnim podruĉjima kao regionalna varijanta u odnosu
prema matiĉnom nacionalnom kontekstu i prema kontekstu kulture većinskog naroda. U tom smislu
završeni su i publikovani su radovi o jeziku pogrebnih propovedi Samuela Borovskog (1783.g Trenĉin –
1860.g Pivnice), autora prvog bukvara Slovaka u Baĉkoj i Sremu, ortoepska problematika slovaĉkog
jezika u Vojvodini, novi oblik komunikacije slovaĉke enklave u Vojvodini, o tipološkoj diferencijaciji
slovaĉke manjinske knjiţevnosti u Vojvodini, MaĊarskoj i Rumuniji, o mestu deĉje knjiţevnosti u kulturi
Slovaka u Vojvodini, o znaĉaju i mestu pesnika Mihala Đuge u slovaĉkoj knjiţevnosti u Vojvodini, o
narativnoj tipologiji pripovedaka Juraja Tušjaka i o transformacijama slovaĉke poezije u Vojvodini i o
mestu pesnikinje Katarine Hricove u njoj.




                                                                                                   131
Erţebet Ĉanji, Edit Andrić, Eva Hoţa, Julijana Ĉapo Išpanović, Ĉila Utaši, Hargita Futo,
Faculty of Philosophy in Novi Sad
"Intercultural contextualization of Hungarian literature in Vojvodina"

This multidisciplinary and interregional scientific project, started in 2006, represents a comparative study
and reinterpretation of the context of intercultural phenomena in Vojvodina, from the aspects of
Hungarian literature, language and publishing in Vojvodina.
The subject of the research is the comparative study of the context of intercultural phenomena in
Vojvodina, from the aspect of Hungarian literature in Vojvodina from 1965 onwards. The research
focuses on the works of Ottó Tolnai, István Domonkos, Nándor Gion, etc.
The project has an international character: co-operation with researchers from Pécs and Maribor extends
the domain of genetic and typological comparisons.
Young researchers, scholars and assistant lecturers also have been in the project: Ottó Beke, János Samu,
Anikó Novák.
Some of the partial results were presented in the international conference "Delta - Vojvodina" on 16. June
2006 in Novi Sad, in the Science Club of the College for Higher Education of Hungarians in Vojvodina.
The studies have been published in the periodical “VárUcca Műhely” (Hungary).
The complete account of the project has been published in book form entitled “konTEXTUS“. Editor:
Erzsébet Csányi. College for Higher Education of Hungarians in Vojvodina – Faculty of Philosophy, Novi
Sad, 2007, 192 pages.

Reference:

1. Knjiga:
konTEXTUS“. Zbirka komparatistiĉkih studija. Priredila: Erţebet Ĉanji. Kolegijum za visoko
obrazovanje vojvoĊanskih MaĊara - Filozofski fakultet, Novi Sad, 2007. 192. str.
2. Publikacije u ĉasopisu:
Csányi Erzsébet: Vajdaság - az átalakulás tégelye. IN: VárUcca műhely 2006/2. 18 - 22. p.
Thomka Beáta: Egy Tolnai-metafora visszavezetése. IN: VárUcca műhely 2006/2. 22 - 28. p.
Fekete J. József: "Mint a szitakötő segge". IN: VárUcca műhely 2006/2. 28 - 35. p.
Samu János Vilmos: A delta paratér. IN: VárUcca Műhely 2006/2. 35 - 38. p.




                                                                                                        132
Erţebet Ĉanji, Edit Andrić, Eva Hoţa, Julijana Ĉapo Išpanović, Ĉila Utaši, Hargita Futo,
Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Interkulturalna kontekstualizacija vojvoĎanske maĎarske knjiţevnost"

1. Pedmet istraţivanja ovog meĊunarodnog, multidisciplinarnog i meĊuregionalnog nauĉnog projekta
predstavlja uporedno izuĉavanje i reinterpretiranje konteksta interkulturalnih pojava u Vojvodini iz
aspekta vojvoĊanske maĊarske knjiţevnosti, jezika i izdavaštva. Saradnja sa istraţivaĉima iz Peĉuja i
Maribora povećava domen genetiĉkih i tipoloških komparacija. U projekat su ukljuĉeni mladi istraţivaĉi:
Oto Beke, Janoš Šamu Vilmoš, Aniko Novak.
- Erţebet dr Ĉanji, Beata dr Tomka (HU), Jutka Rudaš (SLO), Eva dr Hoţa, Juliana mr I. Ĉapo, Fekete J.
Joţef, Aniko Novak, Oto Beke i Janoš Šamu su vršili komparatistiĉka istraţivanja u vezi sa opusom Ota
Tolnaija.
- Ĉila mr Utaši je vršila komparatistiĉka istraţivanja na temu „Uticaj Rilkeove poetike na strategiju
formiranja tekstova u ranim radovima Ištvana Domonkoša”.
- Hargita Futo je formirala graĊu za intermedijalna komparatistiĉka istraţivanja u vezi sa romanom
„Virágos katona” Giona Nandora.
- Edit dr Andrić je na temu „Srpske realije u delu Ervina Šinka Dnevnik iz Drvara” vršila kontaktološka
lingvistiĉka istraţivanja.
Konferencija:
2. Prezentacija nekih delimiĉnih rezultata na meĊunarodnoj nauĉnoj konferenciji "Delta - Vojvodina" 16.
juna 2006. g. u Novom Sadu u Klubu nauĉnika u Kolegijumu za visoko obrazovanje vojvoĊanskih
MaĊara (Vojvode Mišića 1.).




                                                                                                   133
Slobodanka Markov, Fuada Stanković, Tatjana Djurić-Kuzmanović,
Faculty of Sciences in Novi Sad
"Entrepreneurial Aspirations of Students in Vojvodina"

Entrepreneurial Aspirations of Students
Within this research, a mixed model comprising two kinds of factors was used: personal variables and
situation factors. Structured questionnaire was used in the gathering of empirical data on the sample which
consisted of 250 students of four faculties and one college in Vojvodina.
It was found that entrepreneurial aspirations are increasingly popular in our environment, although
significantly less widespread than in the western countries. While there around fifty percent of the
students who show aspirations toward starting their own business ventures, in our sample one third of
students had pronounced entrepreneurial aspirations.
Pronounced entrepreneurial goals and aspirations are in positive correlation with gender, graduation from
vocational school, studies of technology, and previous entrepreneurial experience.
Students realistically perceive the restrictive factors for development of businesses (high degree of
corruption, illegal businesses and others). However, these act more in form of pressure on students‟ choice
to start independent businesses in absence of alternatives for employment.
Findings which show that more than three fourths of polled students expressed readiness to study in the
field of entrepreneurship shows development of consciousness of students about entrepreneurship as a real
option for their future. One of the most significant results of this study is also data that almost two thirds
of the polled students see their future in their homeland. This might suggest shift in their way of thinking
which includes lower interest for moving abroad and desire to find their own place in the homeland. These
results present important basis for changes in economic and educational strategies in which measures for
the support of development of entrepreneurial education have to be much more concrete.
Entrpreneurialism at the University of Novi Sad
What does being an entrepreneurial university mean? The University of Novi Sad in Serbia as taken as an
example of how one University in a transition country,which was lacking tradition in entrepreneurial
practices, is striving to become an entrepreneurial university. Using common criteria in literature and case
studies of entrepreneurial universities in Europe, examples of new practices are also described such as the
establishement of a university incubator, introduction of a course in entrepreneurship offered to all
students, diversification of income sources, development of institutional links and strategies for the closer
flow of ideas, information, and research resultats between the University and its stakeholders.

Reference:

1. Fuada Stankovic, Higher education in Europe, Vol. 31. No. 2, July 2006, pp. 117 – 128,
2. Slobodanka Markov, Socijalni kapital i društvena integracija, Zbornik, ured. Dr. Milan Tripković,
Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu, Odsek za sociologiju, 2006, str.433 – 453.




                                                                                                          134
Slobodanka Markov, Fuada Stanković, Tatjana Djurić-Kuzmanović,
Prirodno-matematički fakultet u Novom Sadu
"Preduzetničke sklonosti studenata i odnos prema budućnosti "

U okviru projekta obradjene su dve teme: Preduzetniĉke teţnje studenata u Vojvodini i Preduzetništvo na
Univerzitetu u Novom Sadu.
U okviru prve teme primenjen je mešoviti model, sastavljen od dve grupe faktora: liĉnih varijabli i
situacionih faktora. Enpirijski podaci su prikupljeni putem struktuisanog upitnika na uzorku od 250
studenata sa ĉetiri fakulteta i jedne više škole u Vojvodini.
Na ispitanom uzorku je utvrdjeno da je proces širenja preduzetniĉkih teţnji na delu i u našoj sredini,
premda znaĉajno zaostaje za trendovima medju studentima u zapadnim zemljama. Dok u njima oko
polovine studenata ispoljava teţnje ka osnivanju samostalnih biznisa, u našem uzorku je jedna trećina
studenata imala izraţene preduzetniĉke teţnje. Prisustvo preduzetniĉkih teţnji pozitivno korelira sa
muškim polom, završenom srednjom struĉnom školom, studijama tehnike i prethodnim liĉnim
preduzetniĉkim iskustvom. Studenti realno percipiraju ograniĉavajuće faktore za razvoj preduzetništva
(visok stepen korupcije, nelegalno poslovanje i druge). Ipak, ti faktori deluju više kao iznudjujući za
orijentaciju studenata ka osnivanju samostalnih biznisa u odsustvu alternativa za zapošljavanje. Nalaz da
je više od tri ĉetvrtine ispitanih studenata izrazilo spremnost za uĉenje u oblasti preduzetništva potvrdjuje
razvijanje svesti studenata o predueztništvu kao realnoj opciji za njihovu budućnost. Jedan od vaţnih
rezultata ovog istraţivanja takodje je da skoro dve trećine ispitane grupe studenata vidi svoju budućnost u
zemlji. To bi moglo da sugerira promenu u smislu smanjenja zainteresovanosti studenata za odlazak u
inostranstvo i traţenje vlastitog mesta u zemlji. Rezultati ovog istraţivanja su znaĉajna podloga za
promene ekonomskih i obrazovnih strategija u kojima bi mere podrške za razvoj preduzetniĉkog
obrazovanja morale da budu mnogo konkretnije.
U radu u vezi sa drugom temom polazi se od pitanja šta znaĉi biti preduzetniĉki univerzitet? Univerzitet u
Novom Sadu je uzet kao primer kako je jedan univerzitet u zemlji u tranziciji, kojoj nedostaje tradicija
preduzetniĉkih praksi (iskustava), nastojao da postane preduzetniĉki univerzitet. Koristeći uobiĉajene
kriterijume za preduzetniĉko ponašanje u literaturi kao i primere preduzetniĉkih univerziteta u Evropi
prikazane su nove prakse na Univerzitetu u Novom Sadu kao što su izgradnja univerzitetskog inkubatora,
uvodjenje kursa iz preduzetništva koji će se ponuditi svim studentima, diversifikacija izvora prihoda
Univerziteta, razvoj institucionalnih veza i strategija za nesmetani tok ideja, informacija i istraţivaĉkih
rezultata izmedju Univerziteta i njegovih stejkholdera.




                                                                                                         135
136
LOW AND ECONOMICS SCIENCES
PRAVNE I EKONOMSKE NAUKE




                             137
Dragomir ĐorĊević, Miroslav ĐorĊević, Vuksan Lakićević, Siniša Varga, Nadeţda Ljubojev, Nikola
Majinski, Nenad Avramović, ĐorĊe ĐorĊević, Marko Carić, Branislava Novaković, Biljana Carić,
Academy of economics in Novi Sad
"Large enterprise systems and tehnology transfer"

Use of technology to create growth and wealth in modern society is well documented. Companies who
slow down in technology development will be forced to play a minor role in their industry. We have the
companies which have been delayed due to hurdles in the organization. This paper proposes to implement
two concepts to overcome those hurdles. The new IT concept should be used to create a better
comunication bridge between technical and business management. The second concepts critical function
requirments by projects stage will fokus on how we run projects and how we can use the internal
resources in the best way. In order to that this paper addres the appropriateness and effectivenes to manage
the project of technology transfer in large company. We are showing what technology means for large
enterprises and how we can manage to transfer it. The study had identifed that without knowledge
transfer and project management knowleldge areas, technology transfer does not take place, as knowledge
is the key to control technology as a whole. The future is about people not technology. Hence, knowledge
transfer is crucial im the managing proces of technology transfer.
Purpose of this paper is to set an agenda model for technologies that will enable effective, computer
supported sharing of knowledge among the many members of the project technology transfer in large
company. This model shows the important of the support of the customer to the idea and how they should
be involved. And while today there exist various tools and paradigms – ERP(enterprise resource
planning), to effect performance improvements, implementation of these require data from the diverse
members of this project. Obtaining this data is one of the most difficult challenges on projects due to dual
challenges of heterogeneous information systems and knowledge that is not currently represented on-line.
Thus this paper outlines enabling technologies including mechanisms to automate extraction of data and
knowledge and mechanisms to enable local knowledge to be formalized and represented on-line so it can
be shared(n).
As transfer it is important to have a clear transfer strategy. We propouse several strategies that can be
used.
Successful technology transfer in large company is a function of many critical parameters among which
timing is one of the more important. Big enterprises that stands in front of crucial decisions or problems
regarding current - or future technology tends to be receptive for influences from others. Project
management is the art of matching this goals, tasks, and resources to accomplish a goal as enterprises
needed. In paper we showed that formal metods of project management offer solution and framevork to
manage this process, providing a series of elements - templates and procedures - to manage prject of
technology in large enterprises through its life cycle.
A technology strategy should be developed together with business management, based on these scenarios
and project portfolio. Future work includes a more exaustive study of our research project technology
transfer in large company database with the aim of extending our list of fundings and to confirm our initial
findings reported in this paper.

Reference:

1. Doc. dr Marko Carić: „Tehnološki razvoj“,
2. Mr. Biljana Carić: „Arma (p,q) modeli“,
3. Mr Branislava Novaković: „Uticaji razliĉitih parametara na stabilnost stuba promenljivog popreĉnog
   preseka“,
4. Prof. dr Dragomir ĐorĊević: „Transformacija vojnih ustanova u velike privredne sisteme civilnog
   sektora“,
5. Prof. dr Vuksan Lakićević: „Pravni poloţaj akcionarskog društva“,
                                                                                                        138
6. Mr Aleksandar Timotijević: „Postupak osnivanja akcionarskog društva u našem i uporednom pravu“,
7. Prof. dr Nenad Avramović: „Pravni poloţaj javnih preduzeća“,
8. Prof. dr Miroslav ĐorĊević i prof. dr ĐorĊe ĐorĊević: „Privredni sistemi i njihova kazneno-pravna
    zaštita (II)“
9. Doc. dr Nadeţda Ljubojev: „Opšta koncepcija Zakona o finansijskom lizingu“,
10. Doc. dr Siniša Varga: „Uslovi i postupak pravne zaštite pronalazaka“
11. Doc. dr Nikola Majinski: „RukovoĊenje postupkom transfera tehnologije u velikim privrednim
    sistemima“.


Dragomir ĐorĊević, Miroslav ĐorĊević, Vuksan Lakićević, Siniša Varga, Nadeţda Ljubojev, Nikola
Majinski, Nenad Avramović, ĐorĊe ĐorĊević, Marko Carić, Branislava Novaković, Biljana Carić,
Privredna akademija u Novom Sadu
"Veliki privredni sistemi i transfer tehnologije"

Osnovni društveni smisao pronalazaštva je podsticanje tehniĉko-tehnološkog i uopšte privrednog razvoja i
to kako kreiranjem sve savršenijih privredno primenljivih intelektualnih dobara, tako i jaĉanjem
konkurentske borbe privredno-pravnih subjekata na trţištu. Uslovi koji moraju biti ispunjeni za pravnu
zaštitu pronalazaka se razvrstavaju na formalno-pravne i materijalno-pravne. Formalno-pravni uslovi su
odreĊeni onim pravnim normama kojima se ureĊuje pravni postupak za priznanje patenta. Materijalno-
pravni uslovi za sticanje pravne zaštite pronalaska su: novost, inventivni nivo i privredna upotrebljivost.
Pronalazak je nov ako na dan podnošenja zahteva za priznanje patenta nije obuhvaćen stanjem tehnike.
Pronalazak ima inventivni nivo ako za struĉnjaka rešenje tehniĉkog problema ne proizlazi na oĉigledan
naĉin iz stanja tehnike. Pod privrednom upotrebljivošću se podrazumeva mogućnost primene pronalaska u
proizvodnji robe ili pruţanju usluga na trţištu.
Aktivnost koju nazivamo transfer tehnologije nije nov fenomen. Mnogo godina on je bio uobiĉajeno
rezervisan u biznis sektoru ekonomije za transfer informacija ili proizvoĊenje pronalazaka, prototipova ili
materijala podrazumevajući zakonske instrumente, ili kroz opskrbu usluga, ili kroz direktnu prodaju. U
suštini transfer tehnologije je aktivna funkcija, koja efektuira interakcijom izmeĊu sponzora tehnologije i
potencijalnih korisnika. Ona je praktiĉno transmisija know-how ili proizvoda partneru, privatnim ili
javnim institucijama i organizacijama i njeno prilagoĊavanje za krajnju upotrebu u svom sopstvenom
kulturnom i socijalno-ekonomskom okruţenju.
Transfer tehnologije ne znaĉi samo naĉin postizanja kretanja tehnologija. On moţe imati razliĉito
znaĉenje u razliĉitim uslovima. U nekim sluĉajevima, to se vezuje za transfer subjektivnih
imovinskih prava, kao što je prenos patentne zaštite na ugovaraĉa ili licenciranje patenata u
vlasništvu drţave u privatna preduzeća. U drugim sluĉajevima, transfer obuhvata neformalni protok
informacija, znanja i veština u interakciji od ĉoveka do ĉoveka. Suštinski aspekt u uspešnom
transferu     je aktuelno    korišćenje      proizvoda ili usluge. Bez ovoga, koristi od       naprednijih-
ekonomiĉnijih-roba i usluga nikad neće biti. U suštini transfer tehnoloogije se svodi na uspešno
licenciranje tehnologije. To je naĉin da rezultati I&R budu korišćeni za zadovoljenje nacionalnih potreba,
ukljuĉujući: ekonomski rast koji potiĉe od nove komercijalizacije u privatnom sektoru; zahteve vlada za
proizvodima i uslugama koji na privredu utiĉu efektnije i uspešnije; i potreba za povećanjem proizvoda i
usluga na nivou drţave i lokalnom nivou.




                                                                                                       139
Ljubica Komazec, Boţidar Leković, Ivan Vujković, Nada Trivić, Slavica Tomić, Agneš Boljević, Peter
Hermat, Slobodan Marić,
Faculty of Economics in Subotica
"The interdependece of ekonomic efficiency and working and living enviroment protection in
Vojvodina province"

The subject of the project research is to measure and advance the level of economic efficiency and the size
of investment oriented to to the protection of working and living environment. The objective is to pay
special attention to the enterprizes being real and potential polluters of working and living environment, as
well as economic and non-economic effects of polluting the working and living environment in other
enterprizes, and, especially the health of workers and the population, the animal and vegetable world in
the near and far surroundings ( detecting the radius of serious pollution).
The research objective is to establish if the tendency oriented to profit maximization has exerted influence
on changing standards for environmental protection. In addition, the aim is to establish the influence of
investment in environmental protection above the usual and necessary standards on decreasing economic
efficiency because of investment decline in other factors oriented to the growth of efficiency.

Reference:

Ĉasopis „Anali Ekonomskog fakulteta u Subotici“, broj 16., objavljen rad: „Ekonomija i ekologija –
jedinstvo i/ili suprotnost“ (Autor: Dr Nada Trivić)
U pripremi je objavljivanje:
1. Komazec, Lj: „Ekološki rizici i ekonomska efikasnost preduzeća“
2. Tomić: „Ekološka komponenta u modelima ekonomskog uspeha“
3. Harmat, P: „Strukturiranje organizacija u funkciji ekološkog menadţmenta




                                                                                                         140
Ljubica Komazec, Boţidar Leković, Ivan Vujković, Nada Trivić, Slavica Tomić, Agneš Boljević, Peter
Hermat, Slobodan Marić,
Ekonomski fakultet u Subotici
"MeĎuzavisnost ekonomske efikasnosti i zaštite radne i ţivotne sredine"

Predmet istraţivanja na ovom projektu je merenje i unapreĊenje nivoa ekonomske efikasnosti i veliĉine
ulaganja usmerenih na zaštitu radne i ţivotne sredine. Cilj je da se posebna paţnja usmeri na preduzeća
koja su faktiĉki i potencijalni zagaĊivaĉi radne i ţivotne sredine, te ekonomske i neekonomske efekte
zagaĊivanja radne i ţivotne sredine na poslovanje drugih preduzeća i, posebno, zdravlje radnika i
stanovništva, biljnog i ţivotinjskog sveta u bliţoj i široj okolini (detektovanje radijusa ozbiljnijeg
zagaĊenja).
Cilj istraţivanja je da se utvrdi da li je tendencija usmerena na maksimalizaciju profita (dobiti) uticala na
narušavanje standarda kojima se zaštićuje radna i ţivotna sredina. TakoĊe, konstatatovati uticaj ulaganja u
zaštitu ţivotne i radne sredine iznad uobiĉajenih ili potrebnih (standardnih) na sniţavanje ekonomske
efikasnosti usled smanjenja ulaganja u druge faktore orjentisane na rast efikasnosti.




                                                                                                         141
Ilija Ćosić, Nenad Penezić, Slavica Mitrović, Andrea Savić, Jelena Pavlović, Predrag Vidicki,
Faculty of Technical Sciences in Novi Sad
"The opportunities and limitations for the development of entrepreneurship in selected
municipalities of the Autonomous Region of Vojvodina"

Research on the project aimed at small and medium-sized enterprises comprised activities of gathering
and processing information about the developmental level of entrepreneurship and initiative including
Republic of Serbia, AP of Vojvodina and selected boroughs in Vojvodina. In previous research a careful
attention has been devoted to the investigation of financial conditions necessary for setting up business
and approved by a bank, foriegn funds or institutions. The research has been aimed at the support of the
local self management for entrepreneurial development as well as from the viewpoint of urban,
communal, financial, tax and other conditions in the domain of local self management. Collected and
processed data provides an accurate description of developmental circumstances considering
entrepreneurial initiative, positive and negative examples, which can provide information basis for
undertaking fresh initiatives and satisfy conditions for encouraging entrepreneurial initiative. Valorization
of real (hidden) potentials and productive employment in investigated boroughs, which were visited
during the research, has been caused mainly by affirming entrepreneurial behaviour, starting with a
family, small and medium-sized enterprises. The research has confirmed the starting assumption about
numerous factors that influence developmental procedure such as market, financial, urban, communal,
legal, personnel and other factors which creates the environment for entrepreneurial affirmation regarded
as an effective means for launching and developing business as well as increasing life and work quality in
certain environments. Recording present conditions and realizing future possibilities and constrains for the
development of entrepreneurship (on the selected sample of the boroughs of Subotica, Kanjiţa, Zrenjanin,
Sombor, Senta, Panĉevo and InĊija, our partner on the project from Republic of Srpska where the research
has also been conducted, as well as the research in the countries where the transition procedure has been
completed i.e. Czech Republic has been visited ) has been considered as basis for possible
recommendations for state and local agencies which deal with the problems of advancing and developing
small and medium-sized enterprises. Carefully conceived research results indicate the need for developing
‟a market of entrepreneural projects‟ as a starting point for connecting individuals, firms and institutions.
Full entrepreneurship development requires firm support at local and state level which unavoidably
reflects the need to adopt a less complicated procedure for receiving work permission, decreasing income
taxes and tremendously high tax rates which results in a lack of stimulation towards entrepreneurship
development. It has been noticed that a significant shift in the effects of different support programmes
requires better offer of financial means, both subsidised as well as financial means on the financial market
that should be developed in future.
Our entrepreneurs greatly suffer a lack of the managerial knowledge and skills as well as supportive and
adequate educational system. Small and medium-sized enterprises are run by managers without formally
attained managerial knowledge which brings to the problem when deciding on strategic decisions and
therefore, there is a common need for more intensive training.
In the long-term view it is necessary to set up and implement educational system at every educational
level which will influence the creation of entrepreneurial society of entrepreneurial culture. In the future
period, the greatest attempt for MSP will represent integration of our country into EU and international
business. The problems that will be confronted then are going to consider the coordination with business
standards in EU framework. Therefore, it is necessary for MSP as well as the state institutions to act
proactively on current challenges in order to achieve the equal position of MSP in EU. The research
results could be valuable for state agencies, Chambers, banks, investors and individuals who are setting up
their own business and who are able to find their interest on the ‟market of entrepreneurial projects‟. A
detailed research is enclosed to the project.



                                                                                                         142
Reference:

1. Potentials of the Entrepreneurship development in selected municipalities of AP Vojvodina, Bozidar
   Leković Ph. D, associate professor, Slavica Mitrović, dipl.ing, assistant, Andrea Ivanišević, dipl.ecc,
   assistant
2. Limitations of the Entrepreneurship development in selected municipalities of AP Vojvodina, Ilija
   Ćosić Ph. D, Vidicki Predrag, dipl.ing, assistant, Pavlović Jelena, dipl.ing, assistant

Ilija Ćosić, Nenad Penezić, Slavica Mitrović, Andrea Savić, Jelena Pavlović, Predrag Vidicki,
Fakultet tehničkih nauka u Novom Sadu
"Mogućnosti i ograničenja razvoja preduzetništva na nivou porodičnih, malih i srednjih preduzeća
u Autonomnoj Pokrajini Vojvodini"

Predmet istraţivanja na ovom projektu su bila mala i srednja preduzeća kao i stepen razvijenosti preduzetništva
i preduzetniĉke inicijative u Republici Srbiji, Autonomnoj Pokrajini Vojvodini i odabranim opštinama u
Vojvodini. U istraţivanjima, posebna paţnja je posvećena finansijskim uslovima za pokretanje biznisa, koji
podrţavaju banke, domaći i inostrani fondovi i institucije. Istraţivanja su delom obuhvatila problematiku
podrške lokalne samouprave razvoju preduzetništva, iz ugla urbanistiĉkih, komunalnih, finansijskih, poreskih i
drugih uslova koji su u nadleţnosti organa lokalne samouprave. Prikupljena i obraĊena graĊa daje priliĉno
jasnu sliku o uslovima za razvoj preduzetniĉke inicijative, primerima, što moţe da posluţi kao informaciona
osnova za pokretanje novih inicijativa i stvaranje uslova za intenziviranje preduzetništva. Valorizacija realnih
(skrivenih) potencijala i produktivno zapošljavanje u obraĊenim opštinama u velikoj meri uslovljeno je
afirmacijom preduzetniĉkog ponašanja, poĉev od porodice, preko malih i srednjih preduzeća. Tok istraţivanja
je potvrdio polazne pretpostavke faktora koji utiĉu na procese intenziviranja razvoja preduzetništva, kao što su
to trţišni, finansijski, urbanistiĉki, komunalni, pravni, kadrovski i drugi, koji jesu ambijent u kome se
preduzetništvo afirmiše kao efikasan naĉin pokretanja i razvoja biznisa, kao i unapreĊivanje kvaliteta ţivota i
rada u odreĊenim sredinama. Snimak stanja i sagledavanje mogućnosti i ograniĉenja za razvoj preduzetništva
(na odabranom uzorku opština: Subotica, Kanjiţa, Zrenjanin, Sombor, Senta, Panĉevo i InĊija, naš partner na
projektu iz Republike Srpske gde su obaviljena takoĊe istraţivanja, kao i istraţivanja u zemaljama u kojima je
završen proces tranzicije, konkretno Ĉeške Republike) posluţilo je kao osnova za preporuke drţavnoj i
lokalnoj samoupravi i njihovim organima koji se bave problematikom unapreĊenja i razvoja malih i srednjih
preduzeća. Uslovno shvaćeno razultati istraţivanja ukazuju na potrebu razvoja „berzi preduzetniĉkih
projekata“, kao osnove za povezivanje zaintresovanih pojedinaca, firmi i institucija. Iz svega već navedenog
proistiĉe da snaţniji razvoj preduzetniĉtva zahteva jaku podršku na lokalnom i drţavnom nivou, u okviru ĉega
je neminovno istaći potrebu za olakšanom proceduruom dobijanja dozvola, smanjenja poreza, kao i smanjenje
kamatnih stopa koje su previsoke i kao takve destimulativno deluju na razvoj preduzetništva. Uoĉeno je
takoĊe, da je za znaĉajniji pomak u efektima razliĉitih programa podrške potrebna veća ponuda finansijskih
sredstava kako onih subvencionisanih tako i finansijskih sredstava na finansijskom trţištu koje treba razvijati.
Ono što našim preduzetnicima najviše nedostaje, to su menadţerska znanja i veštine i adekvatan sistem
obrazovanja koji će sve to da podrţi. Mala i srednja preduzeća vode menadţeri koji nemaju formalno steĉena
znanja iz menadţmenta što predstavlja veliki problem pri donošenju strateških odluka pa je stoga potrebna
intenzivnija obuka istih. Dugoroĉno gledano neophodno je kreiranje i implementacija obrazovnog sistema na
svim nivoima obrazovanja koji će uticati na stvaranje preduzetniĉkog društva u pomenutim opštinama koje su
bile predmet našeg istraţivanja.
U narednom periodu najveći izazov za MSP će predstavljati integracija naše zemlje u EU. Problemi koji će se
javiti u tom periodu odnose se pre svega na usklaĊivanje sa standardima poslovanja u okviru EU. Iz tog
razloga neophodno je da MSP zajedno sa drţavnim institucijama proaktivno deluju na predstojeće izazove
kako bi dostigli poloţaj ravnopravan MSP zemalja EU.
Rezultati do kojih se došlo tokom istraţivanja su od koristi drţavnim organima, komorama, bankama,
investitorima, pojedincima koji ţele da pokrenu sopstveni biznis i koji na „berzi preduzetniĉkih projekata“
mogu da pronaĊu svoje interese. Opširno istraţivanje se prilaţe uz ovaj izveštaj u obliku projekta.

                                                                                                            143
Kosta Josifidis, Pere Tumbas, Tibor Kiš, Marija Ĉileg, Iren Gabrić- Molnar, Jovan Komšić, Danica
Drakulić, Otilija Sedlak, Viktorija Bojović, Novica Supić, Emilija Beker,
Faculty of Economics in Subotica
"European Regional Policies with Reference to Perspective of Vojvodina"

The research objective has started from the empirical assumption that the regional policy of European
countries played crucial role in the process of diminishing regional differences. Within regional
development of Serbia, Vojvodina is tending to use the possibilities which are originating from the
European experiences and in that way it can serve as a model to the rest parts of Serbia. The research has
shared in three segments. The first, conceptual-methodological has reviewed the leading approaches in
regional science concerning the problems of regional economic development. The second has covered the
problems and the possibilities of the development of Vojvodina within the existing economic and
institutional assumptions of the regional development. The third has mediated systematic valorization of
the regional solutions in the EU with the comment of the possibilities of its application in Vojvodina too.
The issue of regional development can be viewed from a number of theoretical perspectives. Before we
analyze the empirical findings of the regional development it is useful to consider the dominant theoretical
approach. The theoretical framework that we mostly use is growth and location theories like endogenous
growth theory or new economic geography. Statistical analysis reveals regional characteristics included in
data and also hidden interregional dependences. Empirical finding show the main reason why regional
policy plays a prominent role in Europe: there are massive and very persistent disparities between regions.
Observing the evolution of internal and external inequality in the different geographical groups, we get
base for assessing the impact of politics and economic development on the regional disparities. Vojvodina
possesses specific general and regional characteristics, as observed in relation to Serbia or in relation to
European countries. The level of development of Vojvodina and its particular subregional units, their
mutual constellation, and relation to other regional units of Serbia and Europe, reflects in a specific way of
their position, connections, potentials and development possibilities which are all especially emphasized
under the terms of transition and the future European integration. In order to finish the process of
preparation for the European integration successfully, Vojvodina should become: 1) a reliable country for
production investment, 2) a country pleasant for work, 3) a country pleasant for living. Finding the
solution should be based on a concept of reindustrialization.

Reference:

1. CD – ROM Evropske regionalne politike sa osvrtom na perspektivu Vojvodine
2. Zbornik radova na projektu Evropske regionalne politike sa osvrtom na perspektivu Vojvodine, u
   pripremi.




                                                                                                          144
Kosta Josifidis, Pere Tumbas, Tibor Kiš, Marija Ĉileg, Iren Gabrić- Molnar, Jovan Komšić, Danica
Drakulić, Otilija Sedlak, Viktorija Bojović, Novica Supić, Emilija Beker,
Ekonomski fakultet u Subotici
"Evropske regionalne politike sa osvrtom na perspektivu Vojvodine"

Cilj istraţivanja pošao je od iskustvene pretpostavke da su regionalne politike evropskih drţava odigrale
kljuĉnu ulogu u smanjivanju regionalnih razlika. Istraţivanje je podeljeno u tri segmenta. Prvi,
konceptualno metodološki, unutar kojeg je dat prikaz vodećih pristupa u regionalnoj nauci problemima
regionalnog ekonomskog razvoja. Drugi je pokrio probleme i mogućnosti razvoja Vojvodine u okviru
postojećih ekonomskih i institucionalnih pretpostavki regionalnog razvoja. Treći je posredovao
sistematske valorizacije regionalnih rešenja u EU sa osvrtom na mogućnost njihove primene u Vojvodini.
Problemi regionalnog razvoja se mogu posmatrati iz razliĉitih teorijskih perspektiva. Pre analize
empirijskih nalaza o regionalnom razvoju, neophodno je razmotriti dominantne teorijske pristupe.
Najĉešće korišćeni okviri su teorije rasta i lokacije, poput endogene teorije rasta ili nove ekonomske
geografije. Statistiĉka analiza relevantnih podataka otkriva u podacima sadrţane regionalne karakteristike
i skrivene veze meĊuzavisnosti regiona. Empirijski nalazi, pokazuju da je razlog zbog kojeg regionalna
politika ima prominentnu ulogu u Evropi, veliki i vrlo odrţivi dispariteti izmeĊu regiona. Opservacija
evolucije internih i eksternih dispariteta u razliĉitim geografskim celinama, pruţa osnovu za procenu
uticaja politiĉkog i ekonomskog razvoja na regionalne disparitete. Vojvodina, raspolaţe specifiĉnim
opštim i regionalnim karakteristikama, kako u odnosu na Srbiju kao celinu, tako i u odnosu na evropske
zemlje. Stepen razvijenosti Vojvodine i njenih pojedinih subregionalnih jedinica, njihova meĊusobna
konstelacija, kao i u odnosu na regionalne jedinice Srbije odnosno Evrope, na specifiĉan naĉin odslikava
njihov poloţaj, povezivanje, potencijale i mogućnosti razvoja, što se sa posebnim znaĉajem istiĉe u
uslovima tranzicije i budućeg evropskog integrisanja. Da bi se uspešno završio proces priprema za
evropske integracije, Vojvodina bi trebalo da postane: (1) ugodno mesto za proizvodno investiranje, (2)
ugodno mesto za rad i (3) ugodno mesto za ţivot. Traţenje rešenja, trebalo bi da se zasniva na paradigmi
reindustrijalizacije.




                                                                                                      145
146
MEDICAL SCIENCES AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION
  MEDICINSKE NAUKE I FIZIČKA KULTURA




                                          147
Mirjana Bogavac, Milana Maticki Sekulić, Ljiljana Suvajdţić, Isidora Samojlik, Biljana Boţin,
Aleksandra Nikolić-ĐorĊević, Ljubomir Milašinović, Vera Jerant-Patić, Ivana Hrnjaković-Cvjetković,
Vesna Milošević, Neda Mimica Dukić, Nataša Simin,
Faculty of Medicine in Novi Sad
''Researcg on New Natural Substances with Microbicidal Effects Against Causative Agents of
Bacterial Infestions in Women, with Special Emphasis on Causative Agents on Spontaneous
Miscarriage and Premature Birth''

During investigation period from March 31, 2006 to March 31, 2007 plant material of Mentha piperita,
Mentha longifolia, Foeniculum vulgare, Carum carvi, Pimpinella anisum, Coriandrum sativum and
Allium sativum has been colected on several localities in Vojvodina province. The essential oil has been
isolated from colected plants by hydrodestilation and its composition has been evaluated by GC-MS.
Cervical smear from 256 women with infertility problems or problems in pregnancy – preterm
contractions has been analyzed and used for isolation of microbes. From investigated group of patients
(No-256) 40 bacterial and 10 mycological strains were isolated, while other potential causes were
eliminated. Among them Grampositive coccus and Enterobacteriaceae (E. coly, Klebsiella pneumoniae,
Enterobacter spp., Citrobacter spp.) were dominate, while Pasteurella spp. was found in two samples. 7
strains have been identified as Candida albicans by germination tube test. For all strains antimicrobial
resistance on conventional antibiotics and isolated essential oils has been determined. All tested essential
oils had antimicrobial activity from excellent to moderate in vitro. Determination of isolated strains up to
the level of the species is in progress. The evaluation of antimicrobial activity of the human applicable
daily doses of the investigated essential oils against the isolated bacterial and fungal strains is in progress
too.
In the second part of investigation, the specimens of the serum, urine and cervical and vaginal smears
have been obtained in 83 hospitalized patients presenting with the symptoms of either spontaneous
abortion or preterm delivery. Each patient underwent the following controls: examination of vaginal and
cervical smear to the presence of infectious agent, biochemical examination of urine and urine culture.
Preceding the obtaining of smears, each patient was evaluated for pH of vaginal mucosa, which was 7,5 in
80% of cases. Standard markers of infection were determined in all patients: CRP- quantitative analysis,
white blood cell count, erythrocyte sedimentation and fibrinogen. The ELISA test (manufactured by
R&B) was used for estimation of quantified inflammatory cytokines in the serum (interleukin 1, 2, 6, 8;
tumor-necrosis factor α and interferon γ), in order to determine their possible efficacy in early detection
and prevention of local infections.
A great number of patients with the symptoms of spontaneous abortion and preterm delivery were
diagnosed for the presence of vaginosis and/or urinary infection. The tumor-necrosis factor α was
increased in 38% and interleukin 1 in 44% of patients. These values, however, were not significantly
different relative to the control group patients, suggesting the necessity of additional investigations.
The increased white blood count and C-reactive protein proved to be the best prognostic markers of
infection. Sedimentation and fibrinogen are routinely increased in pregnancy, and therefore they cannot be
safe markers of infection in pregnancy.

Reference:
1. Suvajdţić Lj, Medja E, Dţambas Lj, Bogavac M, Isolation of Pasteurella multocida subspec.
   multocida from chronic periapical lession. Matica Srpska Proceedings for Natural Sciencies No 110,
   2006:29-34
2. Mitreski A, Bogavac M: Complications of perinatal infection. XX European Congress of Perinatal and
   Neonatal Medicine Prague, Czech Republic. The Journal of Maternal- Fetal & Neonatal Medicine,
   Volume 19, Supplement 1, May 24-27, 2006, p. 79.



                                                                                                           148
3. Simin N, Mimica-Dukic N, Bozin B, Jovin E, Couladis M, Tzakou O: Antioxidant and antimicrobial
   activity of the essential oil of Hypericum perforatum L. 37th International Symposium on Essential
   Oils, Grasse, France, September 10-13, 2006, p. 82
4. Bogavac M, Mitreski A, Relić G. C-reaktivni protein: mogući prediktor infekcije u trudnoći i
   prevremenom porodjaju. Anali br 9, 2006:53-56
5. Bogavac M, Grujić Z, Mitreski A, Relić G: Infekcija u trudnoći: znaĉaj i primena C-reaktivnog
   proteina. XXI Simpoziijum sekcije za perinatalnu medicinu srpskog lekarskog društva sa
   medjunarodnim uĉešćem. Program i zbornik radova. Beograd Hotel Hyatt, 1 i 2 decembar 2006: 171.
6. Relić G, Bogavac M: Kliniĉka efikasnost blokatora kalcijumskih kanala za spreĉavanje prevremenih
   porodjaja i njihov uticaj na plod. Pedeseta Ginekološko-Akušerska nedelja, SLD, Zbornik radova.
   Beograd, Hotel Interkontinental 1-2 jun, 2006: 202-208. (rad štampan u celini)

Mirjana Bogavac, Milana Maticki Sekulić, Ljiljana Suvajdţić, Isidora Samojlik, Biljana Boţin,
Aleksandra Nikolić-ĐorĊević, Ljubomir Milašinović, Vera Jerant-Patić, Ivana Hrnjaković-Cvjetković,
Vesna Milošević, Neda Mimica Dukić, Nataša Simin,
Medicinski fakultet u Novom Sadu
 ''Iznalaţenje novih prirodnih supstanci sa antimikrobnim delovanjem kod uzročnika bakterijskih
infekcija kod ţena, sa posebnim osvrtom na uzročnike spontanih pobačaja i prevremenih poroĎaja''

U istraţivaĉkom periodu od 31.03.2006. do 31.03.2007. godine sa razliĉitih lokaliteta u Vojvodini
sakupljen je i determinisan biljni materijal sledećih biljnih vrsta: Mentha piperita, Mentha longifolia,
Foeniculum vulgare, Carum carvi, Pimpinella anisum, Coriandrum sativum, Allium sativum. Iz
sakupljenog biljnog materijala izolovano je etrsko ulje hidrodestilacijom, a zatim hemijski okarakterisano
GC/MS analizom.
Stratifikovan uzorak ţena sa poremećajem zašeća i iznošenja trudnoće povećan je za 256. Od toga je kod
40 izolovan bakterijski, kod 10 mikološki uzroĉnik, dok su ostali mogući infektivni uzroĉnici iskljuĉeni.
Dominirale su grampozitivne koke, zatim pripadnici porodice Enterobacteriaceae (E. coly, Klebsiella
pneumoniae, Enterobacter spp., Citrobacter spp.), dok je u dva uzorka izolovana Pasteurella spp. Na nivou
testa germinacije izvršena je identifikacija Candida albicans kod 7 izolata. Za sve izolate odreĊena je
antimikrobna osetljivost na konvencionalne antimikrobike kao i na ispitivana etarska ulja. Većina etarskih
ulja pokazala je vrlo visoku antimikrobnu aktivnost u in vitro testovima. U toku je determinacija
izolovanih sojeva do nivoa vrste, kao i odreĊivanje antimikrobne aktivnosti humano primenljivih dnevnih
doza etarskih ulja na izolovane bakterijske i fungalne sojeve.
U drugom delu istraţivanja prikupljeni su uzorci seruma, urina i brisevi vagine i cerviksa od 83
hospitalizovane pacijentkinje sa simptomima spontanog pobaĉaja ili prevremenog porodjaja. Kod svake
pacijentkinje su uradjeni: pregled vaginalnog i cervikalnog brisa na prisustvo infektivnog uzroĉnika, urin
biohemijski i urinokultura. Pre uzimanja briseva svakoj pacijentkinji je odreĊen pH vaginalne sluzokoţe
koji je u 80% sluĉajeva bio iznad 7,5. Kod svih pacijentkinja su uraĊeni standardni markeri infekcije: CRP
kvantitativno, broj leukocita, sedimentacija eritrocita i fibrinogen. ELISA testom proizvoĊaĉa R&B u
serumu pacijentkinja su kvantifikovani inflamatorni citokini (interleukina 1, 6, 8, tumornekrozis faktora α
i interferona γ), u cilju utvrĊivanja njihove potencijalne efikasnosti za rano otkrivanje i prevenciju
lokalnih infekcija.
Kod velikog broja pacijentkinja sa simptomima spontanog pobaĉaja i prevremenog porodjaja je
ustanovljeno prisustvo vaginoze i/ili urinarne infekcije. Tumornecrosis faktor α bio je povećan u 38%, a
interleukin 1 u 44% pacijentkinja. Ove vrednosti se, meĊutim, nisu znaĉajno razlikovale u odnosu na
ispitanice kontrolne grupe, što ukazuje na potrebu za dodatnim ispitivanjima.
Kao najbolji prognostiĉki markeri infekcije pokazali su se droj leukocita i C reaktivni protein.
Sedimentacija i fibrinogen su inaĉe povećani u trudnoći, shodno tome nisu pouzdani markeri infekcije u
trudnoći.


                                                                                                       149
Ana Sabo, Jovan Popović, Zdenko Tomić, Vida Jakovljević, Olga Horvat, Saša Vukmirović,
Faculty of Medicine in Novi Sad
''Dosage Regime for antibacterial Medicine in the Functional of Pharmacodynamic Parameters''

In previous report period we continued with follow up of use of antibacterial drugs in three specific
groups of general population: women just after delivery, newborns and adult patients. During this period
we fulfilled aims of research: 1. Clinics of Gynecology and Obstetrics - clinical study was taken in women
after delivery. Two regimens of prophylactic use, of three antibacterial drugs, were followed up and
compared. Efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics, of two mentioned regimens of prophylactic use, were
followed up and compared. It was found that after single dose of antibiotics, drug concentrations in blood
are high enough, and stay high long enough, to prevent intra-operative as well as post-operative entrance
of microorganisms. As for pharmacoterapeutic effect three investigated models were equally successful. It
was also found that pharmacokinetic parameters are different in women after delivery compared to non-
pregnant women, what also favors single use of antibiotics. 2. Clinics of Pediatrics – preliminary research
dealing with use of aminoglycozides in newborns is finished. Current dosage regimens have resulted in
successful therapeutic outcome, while pharmacoterapeutic research pointed on accumulation of a drug as
well as on doses higher than optimal, what without doubt leads to conclusion that change in current
dosage regimens is needed. 3. Clinics of Urology – maps of use of antibacterial drugs and resistance have
been created, while suggestions on change of dosage regimens are to be created.

Reference:
1. Grujić Z, Bogavac M, Grujić I, Milašinović Lj. Cefazolin vs ceftriaxone for antibiotic prophylaxis in
   elective caesarean section. XX European Congress of Perinatal and Neonatal Medicine. The Journal of
   Materna-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine. Book of abstracts, 2006; (19) 1: 71.
2. Sabo A., Tomic Z. Delivery of daily doses of the drugs to hospital departments as a method of drug
   rationalization at the clinics in University Teaching Centre Novi Sad. Ispor 2nd Asia-Pacific
   Conference, 5-7 March 2006, Shanghai, China.
3. Grujić Z, Sabo A, Grujić I, Milašinović Lj. OdreĊivanje optimalne preoperativne primene antibiotika
   kod elektivnih carskih rezova. Ginekologija i perinatologija, 2006; (39) 1-2: 3-7.
4. Grujić Z. Antibiotska profilaksa kod elektivnih carskih rezova, Monografija, u štampi, Izdavaĉ:
   Zaduţbina Andrejević.
5. Grujić Z., Sabo A., Grujić I. Cefazolin vs ceftriakson – jednokratna antibiotska profilaksa kod
   elektivnih carskih rezova, Medicina danas, u štampi, 2007.
6. Grujić Z., Sabo A., Grujić I., Papović M. Jednokrtna antibiotska profilaksa kod elektivnih carskih
   rezova, Medicinski pregled, u štampi, 2007.




                                                                                                       150
Ana Sabo, Jovan Popović, Zdenko Tomić, Vida Jakovljević, Olga Horvat, Saša Vukmirović,
Medicinski fakultet u Novom Sadu
''Dozni reţim antibakterijskih lekova u funkciji farmakodinamskih parametara''

U prošlom izveštajnom periodu nastavili smo sa analizom upotrebe antibakterijskih lekova kod tri grupe
ispitivane populacije - porodilje, novoroĊenĉad i odrasli pacijenti. Tokom ovog perioda realizovali smo
planirane i obećane ciljeve istraţivanja i to: 1. Na Klinici za ginekologiju i akušerstvo sprovedeno je
predviĊeno kliniĉko isptivanje kod porodilja. Praćena je i uporeĊivana efikasnost, sigurnost i
farmakokinetika 2 reţima profilaktiĉke primene 3 antibakterijska leka. UtvrĊeno je da se posmatrani
antibiotici zadrţavaju, nakon jednokratne primene, dovoljno dugo u organizmu porodilja u
koncentracijama koje spreĉavaju kako intraoperativni tako i postoperativni prodor mikroorganizama. U
pogledu farmakoterapijskog efekta tri posmatrana modela su bila podjednako uspešna. UtvrĊeno je takoĊe
da su farmakokinetski parametri kod porodilja drugaĉiji u odnosu na ţene koje nisu trudne, što takoĊe
govori u prilog jednokratne primene antibiotika. 2. Na pedijatrijskoj klinici završeno je preliminarno
ispitivanje primene aminoglikozida kod novoroĊenĉadi. Postojeći reţimi doziranja su dali povoljan
terapijski ishod, dok su farmakokinetska ispitivanja ukazala na pojavu kumulacije leka, uz istovremene
više od optimalnih doza, što nedvosmisleno govori o potrebi korekcije postojeće sheme doziranja. 3. Na
Klinici za urologiju saĉinjena je mapa upotrebe antibakterijskih lekova i mapa rezistencije, dok je u toku
izrada predloga izmene doziranja.




                                                                                                      151
Aleksandar Cvejić, Svetlana Stefanović- Saravolac, Gordana Velisavljev-Filipović, Andrija Šrek, Ilija
Tanackov,
Faculty of Medicine in Novi Sad
''Nutriotion of newborns on teritory of Juţna Bačka region – phase II – promotion of nutrition''

For this phase of research, a new, more comprehensive questionnaire was made.
In the period 2006-2007, a sample of 470 newborns was collected (reduced because of morbilli epidemic).
The sample was collected in following dispensaries and ambulances: Baĉ, Beĉej, Baĉka Palanka, Baĉki
Petrovac, Ţabalj, Titel, Temerin, Srbobran, Vrbas, Sremski Karlovci, Beoĉin, Novi Sad.
Socio-medical characteristics of father and mother, anthropologic characteristics and nutrition of
newborns were investigated.
Population of newborns was made of 50,23% females and 49,67% males.
Average age of mothers was 27,91 years, average age of fathers was 31,49 years.
Average employment of mothers was 51,54%, average employment of fathers was 75,33%. 11,94% of
newborns' parents don't have earnings from labour relations.
Average level of education of mothers and fathers is secondary school.
Anthropologic characteristics of newborns:
- average gestational age 39,21 weeks
- average birth weight had normally distributed mean values 3397g and standard deviation of 468g, which
means 2,81% body weight under 2500g and 10,94% above 4000g
Mean values of gestation weeks, type and parameters of distribution of body weight of newborns in period
2006/2007 didn't change with statistic significance in relation to period 2005/2006.
Advance in body weight until 15 days of life is normally distributed mean values 279,56g with standard
deviation 273,16g, which means 32,40% newborns under required 125g. Almost 1/3 of newborns didn't
show adequate advance in body weight. 15,4% of these newborns will not catch up birth weight until 15
days of life. Negative trend of weight gain continues and deteriorates until 30 days of life. From 15th till
30th day of life 48% of newborns don't have satisfactory weight gain.
We estabilshed that 77,25% of newborns were breastfed, 18,93% were breastfed with formula
suplementation, 3,28% were exclusively formula-fed.
Fundamental result of this phase of research was gained from correlation analysis of day of introducing of
formula and growth gain of newborns. From certain statistical relations, we estabilshed that in 17,00% of
newborns, formula supplementation must be introduced until 17,45 days of life, in order to achieve
necessarly progress in body weight, and for 15,40% of children, in order to prevent hyponutrition.
Likewise, by control until 15 days of life and timely introduction of formula, extremely high percentage
(about 50%) of newborns with insufficient body weight until 30 days of life, would be reduced!
Other conclusions determined influence of many socio-medical factors on negative trends of body weight
of newborns. We also established that over 16% of regional natality is reduced due to abortions,
spontaneus and arteficial.

Reference:
Prospektivna studija u toku.




                                                                                                        152
Aleksandar Cvejić, Svetlana Stefanović- Saravolac, Gordana Velisavljev-Filipović, Andrija Šrek, Ilija
Tanackov,
Medicinski fakultet u Novom Sadu
''Ishrana NovoroĎenčadi na teritoriji regiona Juţna Bačka - faza II unapreĎenje ishrane''

Za ovi fazu istraţivanja formiran je novi, opširniji anketni list.
U periodu 2006-2007 godine, prikupljen je uzorak od 470 novoroĊenĉadi (smanjen zbog epidemije
morbila).
Uzorak je prikupljen u ambulantama (savetovalištima za zdravu decu) Baĉ, Beĉej, Baĉka Palanka, Baĉki
Petrovac, Ţabalj, Titel, Temerin, Srbobran, Vrbas, Sremski Karlovci, Beoĉin, Novi Sad.
Ispitivane su socio-medicinske karakteristike oca i majke, atropološke karakteristike i ishrana
novoroĊenĉadi.
Populacija novoroĊenĉadi ĉini 50,23% ţenskog i 49,67% muškog pola.
Proseĉna starost majki je 27,91 god. a oĉeva 31,49 god.
Proseĉna zaposlenost majki 51,54% a oĉeva 75,33%. 11,94% roditelja novoroĊenĉadi nemaju primanja iz
radnog odnosa.
Proseĉna struĉna sprema majki i oĉeva je na nivou srednje struĉne spreme.
Antropološke karakteristike novoroĊenĉadi:
-sred. gestaciona starost 39,21 nedelja
-proseĉna poroĊajna masa je normalno raspodeljena sred. vrednosti 3397gr. i stand. odstupanja 468gr. što
daje 2,81% telesne mase ispod 2500gr. i 10,94% iznad 4000gr.
Srednja vrednost gestacijskih nedelja, tip i parametri raspodele telesne mase novoroĊenĉadi u periodu
2006/2007 se statistiĉki verifikovano nisu promenuli u odnosu na period istraţivanja 2005/2006.
Napredovanje u telesnoj masi do 15-tog dana ţivota je normalno raspodeljeno srednje vrednosti 279,56gr.
sa stand. odstupanjem 273,16gr. što daje 32,40% novoroĊenĉadi ispod potrebnih 125gr. Skoro 1/3
novoroĊenĉadi nema adekvatno napredovanje u masi. Od toga 15,4% novoroĊenĉadi neće nadoknaditi
poroĊajnu masu do 15-tog dana ţivota. Negativan trend porasta mase se nastavlja i pogoršava do 30-tog
dana. Od 15-tog do 30-tog dana ţivota 48% novoroĊenĉadi nema zadovoljavajući porast mase.
Ustanovljeno je da je na prirodnoj ishrani bilo 77,25%, na dvovrsnoj 18,93% a na veštaĉkoj 3,28%
novoroĊenĉadi.
Osnovni rezultat ove faze istraţivanja dobijen je iz korelacione analize odnosa dana uvoĊenja dvovrsne
ishrane i prirasta u telesnoj masi novoroĊenĉadi. Iz dobijenih statistiĉkih odnosa, dokazano je da se za
grupu od 17,00% dece mora uvesti dvovrsna ishrana do 17,45 dana ţivota kako bi postigli potrebno
napredovanje a za 15,40% dece kako bi se spreĉila hiponutricije. TakoĊe, kontrolom do 15-tog dana i
pravovremenim uvoĊenjem dvovrsne ishrane, smanjila bi se izuzetno visoka zastupljenost novoroĊenĉadi
(oko 50%) sa nedovoljnom telesnom masom do 30-tog dana!
Od ostalih zakljuĉaka ustanovljeni su uticaji mnogobrojnih socio-medicnskih faktora na negativne
trendove telesne mase novoroĊenĉadi. TakoĊe je ustanovljeno da se preko 16% regionalnog nataliteta
smanjuje kroz pobaĉaje, spontane i arteficijalne.




                                                                                                    153
Branimir Gudurić, Marica Miokov, Milan Breberina, Dušan Jovanović, Ljubomir Muzikravić,
Academy of Sciences and Arts of Vojvodina in Novi Sad
''Early Detection of Colon Carcinoma in Different Groups in Vojvodina, Pilot Research''

         During this second year of work on the Project, number of the participating patients doubled, as
from 1720 patients that had been invited to participate in the screening, 1400 enrolled (81,3%). and new
institution - Medical Center Zrenjanin join to the study,
         If we considered both years of study, 2097 persons participated (697 in 2005 and 1400 in 2006
year) that represent almost 1 %o of inhabitants of the whole Vojvodina, but if we consider only those
older than 50 years and who live in communities chosen for this study, then these percent varies between
0, 3% ( 533 out of 10.111 inhabitants in Indjija), over 4,5% in Kanjiţa and 5,1% in Baĉki Petrovac to very
high 16, 8% in Ruski Krstur (323 examined from 1913 over 50 years registred in 2003). These
representative numbers of the screened in every ethnical group are statistically significant for proposed
pilot investigation for Vojvodina inhabitants.
          Only inclusion criteria to joint to the study had been age over fifty, and only exclusion criteria
known bleeding anal disease (Hemorrhoids or anal fissure)
         From the beginning of the investigation aims of the study had been:
         1. To prove Possibility of conducting this investigation: Hemokult tests (HKT) and questionnaires
about nutritional habits had been performed by General Practitioners in the establishments with high
concentration of given ethnical group. Then, all confirmed positive HKT test patient had been sent to the
regional Hospitals for colonoscopic diagnosis of bowel bleeding disorders, and final diagnosis, staging of
the disease and definitive treatment had been performed in Institute of Sr.Kamenica. Beside these pretty
complicate scheme of the study that used all three levels of health care, this investigation in both year of
the study proved to be possible, due to provision of special care options for patients find in the screening
group, outside of the normal health care routines for other patients.
         2. To confirmed Medical justification of the study: During this year we found 126 positive HKT
tests out of 1400 examined patients (9,1%), and three times confirmed positive (to exclude false-negatives
due to diet or medications mistakes of the patients) were 58 persons or 4,14%. From those on further
examinations we found
           - 7 (Seven) invasive carcinomas and two with intramucosal infiltration in polyps (so called „in
situ“lesions) that represent 0,64% of screened.
           - 31 (thirty-one) tubular or villous types of polyps (2,2% of examined) that had been
elctroexcided during colonoscopy as definitive treatment.
            -19 colitis (0,9%) that represent precancerous lesions.
         3. Try to connect nutritional living habits with developing of colon cancers:
         From the answered questionnaires demographic, anthropometric and nutritional data had been
analyzed and beside the facts that obtained data show differences between living habits in different
nations to be significant in both years of our study, numbers of the discovered carcinomas (five in Serbs,
three in Slovaks and two in both Hungarian and Rusin nationality) are to small and period of observation
too short for drawing any meaningful conclusion. Because of that, we would like to continue study for
another year and give conclusions in this part of study after complete three years of follow-ups.
         In Conclusion of this study we can say that obtained results, though not yet final, allow us to give
suggestions for organizing colorectal screening campaign on semi national or national level (in Vojvodina
or whole Serbia), according to the financial possibilities

Reference:
1. Guduric B: PRESENT STATUS OF COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING AND RESULTS OF
   THE PILOT STUDY USING FOBT IN VOJVODINA - Invited lecture for presentation on the IV
   Congress of Colo-rectal Society of Serbia with international participation, Beograd oct.2006: 97

                                                                                                         154
2. Guduric B, Mikov M, Jovanovic D, Breberina M, Kukic B: FIRST RESULTS OF THE PILOT
   STUDY OF HEMOCULT OCCULT BLOOD TETSTING FOR COLORECTAL CARCINOMA IN
   VOJVODINA, accepted for publishing in Archives of Oncology
3. Gudurić B, Mikov M, Brebrina M, Muzikravić Lj.: RANA DETEKCIJA KARCINOMA DEBELOG
   CREVA U RAZLIĈITIM ETNIĈKIM GRUPAMA VOJVODINE- Izveštaj o readu u 2005 godini.
   Prvi nauĉno-struĉni skup „Interregiosci“, Novi Sad april, 2006, 75
4. Guduric B, Mikov M, Jovanovic D, Brebrina M, Kukic B: RANA DETEKCIJA KARCINOMA
   DEBELOG CREVA U RAZLIĈITIM ETNIĈKIM GRUPAMA VOJVODINE. Intersekciski sastnak
   Onkologa Srbije i Vojvodine, Zrenjanin maj, 2006.

Branimir Gudurić, Marica Miokov, Milan Breberina, Dušan Jovanović, Ljubomir Muzikravić
VojvoĎanska akademija nauka i umetnosti u Novom Sadu
''Rana detekcija karcinoma debelog creva u različitim etničkim grupama Vojvodine, pilot
istraţivanje''

         U toku 2006 godine (druge godine rada na projektu), došlo je do bitnog proširenja broja uĉesnika
jer je ukupni broj ispitanih više no dvostruko porastao (od ukupno 1720 osoba pozvanih na uĉešće u 2006
godini odziv iznosio 1400 osoba ili 81,3%). Isto tako u rad na projektu ukljuĉio se i (septembra 2006)
Medicinski Centar Zrenjanin, radi provere mogućnosti izvodjenja i u gradskim uslovima.
         U toku ove dve godine istraţivanja ukupno je obuhvaćeno 2097 osoba (697 u 2005 i 1400 u 2006
godini), odnosno skoro 1%o stanovništva Vojvodine, a ako se posmatra samo populacija starija od 5o
godina ţivota i to samo za opštine gde je istraţivanje radjeno, onda je taj procenat varirao od 0,3% u
Indjiji (533 ispitanika od 16.624 registrovanih po podacima za 2003 godinu), preko (4,5%) u Kanjiţi i
(5,1%) u Baĉkom Petrovcu, pa sve do vrlo visokih (16,8%) u Ruskom Krsturu,
              Od poĉetka ciljevi istraţivanje su bili:
1.       Ustanoviti mogućnost izvodjenja: Hemokult testove i popunjavanje anketnog upitnika izvodili su
lekari Opšte medicine u pomenutim opštinama sa koncentracijom odgovarjućih nacionalnosti. Svi
potvrdjeni HKT pozitivni su zatim upućivani na totalnu kolonoskopiju u nadleţni zdrastveni centar a
potom je definitivna dijagnostika, odredjivanje stadijuma i tretman izvodjeni po odgovarajućerm
Protokolu u Institutu Onkologiju u Kamenici. Ova iako dosta komplikovana šema izvodjenja se ipak
pokazala izvodljivom jer su obezbedjeni posebni termini i obezbedjena prohodnost posebno, za uĉesnike
projekta kroz sva tri nivoa zdrastvene zaštite, u odnosu na redovne pacijente.
2.       Ustanoviti medicinsku opravdanost istraţivanja: Ukupno je u ovoj godini ispitivanja nadjeno prvi
put 126 pozitivnih HKT testova (ili 9.1%), a tri puta ponavljanih pozitivnih testova (radi iskljuĉenja laţno
-.pozitivnih) bilo je kod 58 osoba (ili 4,14%) , medju kojima je na kolonoskopiji otkriveno ukupno :
        -7 (sedam) invazivnih karcinoma i 2 (dva) intramukozalna karcinoma (uslovno patološki nazvana
„in situ“) u polipiima (0,64%).
        - 31 (trideset i jedan) tubularni i vilozni polip, (2,2%) koji su elektroexcidirani tokom
colonoskopije i histološki verifikovani, i
        - 19 colita predominantno ulceroznog tipa (0,9%).
3.       Pokušati povezati ţivotne prvenstveno nutricione navike sa nastankom karcinoma:                   U
okviru analize anketnog upitnika ispitivani su Demografski, Antropometriski podaci, kao i Nutricione
navike i mada mnogi pokazuju i izraţenije razlike medju posmatranim nacionalnostima, broj otkrivenih
karcinoma u pojedinim nacionalnostima (pet kod srba, tri kod slovaka i po dva kod rusina i madjara) je
mali dve godine istraţivanja je nedovoljna duţina posmatranja, koja ne dozvoljava nikakav svrsihodniji
zakljuĉak, pa će se ovo istraţivanje kompletirati nakon dobijanja rezultata treće godine rada na projektu.




                                                                                                        155
Gustav Bala, Branko Krsmanović, Dušan Mićić, Milena Mikalaĉki, Nebojša Maksimović, Borislav
Obradović, Miodrag Tumin, Maja Bigović, Saša Radosav, Goran Vasić, Nebojša Ĉokorilo, Stanislav
Fajgelj,
Faculty of Sport and Physical Education in Novi Sad
''Antrohropological status and Physical Activities of the population of Vojvodina''

Research subjects were 2300 children aged 4-11 from preschool institutions and primary schools from
Novi Sad, Sombor, Sremska Mitrovica, Baĉka Palanka and Zrenjanin. Subjects were measured and tested
in March and April of 2006. Analysis included anthropometrical and postural characteristics, motor and
cognitive abilities, aberrant behavior, family socio-economical status, and physical activities of children.
Research results were presented in journals and scientific gatherings. A conference with international
participation was also organized within the project, and a book of papers was published.
General conclusions of these analyses indicate the following:
1. Anthropometrical characteristics indicate that children of both sexes generally have very similar growth
and development. Analysis per ages show that even insignificant differences of body height and weight
are accompanied by a significant accumulation of fat tissue on stomach, back and upper arm in girls and
bigger circumferences of chest and lower arm in boys.
2. Postural status of children is getting aggravated with age. At the age 4-11, this aggravation has an
increasing trend, despite minor fluctuations, so that 11-year-old children have the worst posture, especially
in terms of: head, shoulder blades, spine and feet.
3. Motor abilities of boys and girls are of a general type, however, the boys have better qualitative
performance in motor tests for evaluation of fast, coordinated movements, and better strength tests at older
ages, whereas the girls are constantly better in the suppleness tests. This have practically been observed at
all ages.
4. Cognitive abilities have been analyzed by Raven‟s matrices in color by means of group tests, except the
children under 5, where the examiner had to do the testing individually. This measuring instrument has
been defined in terms of metric characteristics and norms as this was not done earlier in our practice.
There is no significant difference in test results between boys and girls at analyzed ages presented as
decimal years. However, the test has been qualified as unsuitable for children under 5 as the results are
unreliable, or too easy for the 9-year-olds.
5. Socio-economical status is very similar when families are analyzed independently for boys and girls.
6. Analysis of aberrant behavior is based on evaluation of 1904 parents. It has not been possible to
determine the limit between "normal" and "aberrant behavior". Aberrant behavior of boys proves greater
than that of the girls, and it essentially manifests in different forms of aggressive and anxious components.
7. Only 40 % of children from Vojvodina fulfill minimum of recommended physical activity. Boys are
more active than girls, which is accordance with the gender stereotype for physical activities. Parents do
not realize minimum physical activity either even though they have extremely positive attitudes towards
physical activities of their children. Results have indicated that the present differences in physical
activities of boys and girls may also be due to their parents, since some of their activities are in favor of
boys and not girls. About 56 % of children with equal share of boys and girls are engaged in work of sport
and recreation clubs.
8. It is necessary to note that the testing of 12-15-year-old children and groups of subjects engaged in
particular sports activities is still in process. This will be dealt with in Stage 3 of the Project.
Reference:
1.   Bala, G., Sabo, E., & Popović, B. (2005). Relationship between motor abilities and school readiness
     in preschool children. Kinesiologia Slovenica, 11, 1, 5-12.
2.   Bala, G. (Ured.)(2006). Fizička aktivnost devojčica i dečaka predškolskog uzrasta. Novi Sad:
     Fakultet fiziĉke kulture.


                                                                                                         156
3.   Bala, G. (urednik)(2006). Zbornik radova interdisciplinarne nauĉne konferencije sa meĊunarodnim
     uĉešćem „Antropološki status i fizička aktivnost dece i omladine“. Novi Sad: Fakultet sporta i
     fiziĉkog vaspitanja.
Gustav Bala, Branko Krsmanović, Dušan Mićić, Milena Mikalaĉki, Nebojša Maksimović, Borislav
Obradović, Miodrag Tumin, Maja Bigović, Saša Radosav, Goran Vasić, Nebojša Ĉokorilo, Stanislav
Fajgelj,
Fakultet sporta i fizičke kulture u Novom Sadu
''Antropološki status i fizička aktivnost stanovništva Vojvodine''

Istraţivanje je sprovedeno na uzorku od 2.300 dece, uzrasta od 4 do 11 godina, iz predškolskih ustanova i
osnovnih škola iz Novog Sada, Sombora, Sremske Mitrovice, Baĉke Palanke i Zrenjanina. Merenja i
testiranja ispitanika sprovedena su tokom marta i aprila 2006. godine. Analizirane su antropometrijske i
posturalne karakteristike, motoriĉke i kognitivne sposobnosti, aberantno ponašanje, socio-ekonomski
status porodice, te fiziĉka aktivnost dece.
        Rezultati istraţivanja prikazani su u ĉasopisima, nauĉnim skupovima, u okviru teme projekta
organizovan je nauĉni skup sa meĊunarodnim uĉešćem, publikovan je odgovarajući zbornik radova.
        Opšti zakljuĉci svih analiza ukazuju:
1) Antropometrijske karakteristike ukazuju da dece oba pola imaju generalno veoma sliĉan rast i razvoj.
Analizom po uzrastima uoĉeno je da pri neznaĉajnoj razlici u telesnoj visini i teţini, postoji znaĉajno veće
nagomilavanje masnog tkiva na trbuhu, leĊima i nadlaktici kod devojĉica, dok su obimi grudnog koša i
podlaktice veći kod deĉaka, ali ne i nadlaktice.
2) Posturalni status se pogoršava sa uzrastom dece. Od 4. do 11. godine ţivota pogoršanje, sa manjim
oscilacijama, ima trend porasta tako da deca uzrasta od 11 godina imaju najlošije drţanje tela. Ovo se
naroĉito odnosi na sledeće segmente tela: glava, lopatice, kiĉma i stopala.
3) Motoriĉke sposobnosti su generalnog tipa kod deĉaka i devojĉica, ali su deĉaci kvantitativno bolji u
izvoĊenju motoriĉkih testova za procenu brzih, koordinisanih kretanja, te u manifestaciji snage u starijem
uzrastu, dok su u proceni gipkosti devojĉice stalno bolje. Praktiĉno to stanje se zapaţa u svim uzrastima.
4) Kognitivne sposobnosti su procenjene testom Ravenove matrice u boji, koji je primenjen grupno, osim
kod mlaĊih od pet godina, gde je ispitivaĉ morao individualno da pristupi testiranju. Definisane su
metrijske karakteristike i norme za taj merni instrument, pošto to do sada nije kod nas uraĊeno. Nije
utvrĊena znaĉajna razlika u postizanju rezultata izmeĊu deĉaka i devojĉica tokom analiziranih uzrasta po
decimalnim godinama, ali je utvrĊeno da test nije pogodan za decu mlaĊu od pet godina, jer su rezultati
nepouzdani, a za decu iznad devet godina je lagan.
5) Socio-ekonomski status je veoma sliĉan kada su analizirane porodice posebno sa deĉacima, a posebno
sa devojĉicama.
6) Analize aberantnog ponašanja vršene su na osnovu procene 1904 roditelja. Nije bilo moguće odrediti
granicu izmeĊu „normalnog“ i „aberantnog ponašanja“. Uoĉava se veće aberantno ponašanje deĉaka nego
devojĉica, a u osnovi su agresivna i anksiozna komponenta sa razliĉitim manifestacijama.
7) Svega 40% vojvoĊanske dece ispunjava minimalne preporuke vezane za fiziĉku aktivnost. Deĉaci su
aktivniji od devojĉica, što se uklapa u poznati „rodni“ obrazac fiziĉke aktivnosti. Roditelji takoĊe ne
ispunjavaju minimalne zahteve vezane za fiziĉku aktivnosti, premda iskazuju izrazito pozitivne stavove
prema fiziĉkoj aktivnosti dece. Rezultati sugerišu da roditelji mogu doprinositi postojećim razlikama u
fiziĉkoj aktivnosti devojĉica i deĉaka, jer pojedinim postupcima favorizuju deĉake u odnosu na devojĉice.
Oko 56% dece ukljuĉeno je u rad sportskih/rekreativnih klubova, podjednako deĉaci i devojĉice.
8) Potrebno je navesti da su u toku merenja i testiranja ispitanika oba pola, uzrasta od 12 do 15 godina,
kao i grupe ispitanika koje se bave odreĊenim sportskim aktivnostima. O tome će biti u izveštaju o trećoj
fazi ovog istraţivanja.




                                                                                                        157
Branka Kovaĉev-Zavišić, Ljiljana Todorović-Đilas, Jovanka Radosavljević,
Faculty of Medicine in Novi Sad
''Evaluation of osteoporosis risk levels in female population''

        The research was conducted as an observational study including 4320 postmenopausal females.
The main goal of a pilot survey was to get an initial insight in risk of developing osteoporosis in women of
our surroundings in order to start the prevention of this disease using certain interventions. The average
age of the women included in this research was 58.22±8.59, BMI was 27.83 kg/m 2. As many as 1512
(35%) women had genetically determined osteoporosis risk factors. They confirmed that one of their
parents had a diagnosed osteoporosis or a hip fracture, which is considered a representative of genetic
predisposition. An earlier hip fracture, especially if it was caused by "minimal trauma", increases the risk
of new osteoporotic fractures. A very alarming fact is that 475 (11%) of women have already had a
fracture, which indicates a probability of high osteoporosis presence in our participants. A dramatic
increase of incidence of new fractures is to be expected with ageing. A data of body height decrease was
gained from 346 (8%) of participants, indicating vertebra body fractures, which commonly remain
undiagnosed, and most frequently occur during everyday domestic activities. Huge percentage of women
had bone and particular problems, leading to a conclusion that degenerative changes in skeleton, including
osteoporosis, are frequent. Physical activity is of crucial significance in achieving and maintaining skeletal
integrity, yet only 518 (12%) of women gave an affirmative answer about taking active sports. Three
thousand two hundred-forty (75%) of participants thinks that they are not on an adequate diet, and that
they are not using enough of calcium- containing food. One of risk factors for developing osteoporosis is
smoking, and 1771 (41%) women in our survey were active smokers. Raising a level of physical
education starting in childhood, informing the population about the skeletal nourishment needs and
campaigns against smoking are the fields in which the medical politics can do a lot in preventing
osteoporosis. Menopause, especially an early onset of it, is the key risk factor for developing osteoporosis,
so hormonal replacement therapy of menopause and general prevention are of high importance. As many
as 821 (19%) of our participants reached menopause before 45 years of age. It is a fact that glycocorticoid
therapy induces GIO, and 778 (18%) of women which underwent this investigation had been under this
kind of therapy or is using it now. The result of this observational study show high presence of
osteoporosis risk factors in relatively young postmenopausal women. Sadly, only 86 (2%) of these women
had DEXA or QUS, methods that can detect osteoporosis early and on time.




                                                                                                          158
Branka Kovaĉev-Zavišić, Ljiljana Todorović-Đilas, Jovanka Radosavljević,
Medicinski fakultet u Novom Sadu
''Procena stepena rizika za osteoporozu u ţenskoj populaciji stanovništva''

Ispitivanje je sprovedeno kao opservaciona studija na 4320 osoba ţenskog pola u postmenopauznom
periodu ţivota. Osnovni cilj pilot ispitivanja je bio da se dobije inicijalni uvid u stepen rizika od pojave
osteoporoze u ţena našeg podneblja kako bi se odreĊenim intervencijama u opštoj populaciji što ranije
zapoĉela prevencija ove bolesti. Ţivotna dob ispitanica iznosila je 58.22±8.59 godina a BMI 27.83 kg/m 2.
Genetski odreĊen faktor rizika za osteopozu i frakture imalo je ĉak 1512 (35%) ispitanica. One su
potvrdile da je jedan od roditelja imao dijagnostikovanu osteoporozu ili prelom kuka koji se smatra
reprezentom genetske predispozicije. Smatra se da već doţivljena fraktura, pogotovu ukoliko je do nje
došlo na “malu traumu“, višestruko povećava rizik od novih osteoporotskih fraktura. Ĉak 475 (11%)
ispitanica već je imalo frakturu što je podatak koji je gotovo alarmantan jer ukazuje na verovatnoću
visokog prisustva osteoporoze u naših ispitanica te se moţe oĉekivati dramatiĉno povećanje incidence
novih fraktura sa porastom godina ţivota. Podatak o smanjenju telesne visine dalo je 346 (8%) ispitanica
što ukazuje na mogućnost postojanja fraktura pršljenskih tela koje ĉesto ostaju nedijagnostikovane i
najĉešće nastaju pri obavljanju svakodnevnih fiziĉkih aktivnosti. Ogroman procenat ispitanica ţalilo se na
koštanozglobne tegobe što ukazuje na visoku zastupljenost degenartivnih promena na skeletu u okviru
kojih je prisutna i osteoporoza. Fiziĉka aktivnost je od presudnog znaĉaja za sticanje i oĉuvanje
integriteta skeleta a samo 518 (12%) ispitanica odgovorilo je potvrdno na pitanje o aktivnim bavljenjem
sportom. Po mišljenju ispitanica ĉak 3240 (75%) njih ne hrani se adekvatno i ne bazira svoju ishranu na
namirnicama koje sadrţe dovoljnu koliĉinu kalcijuma. Pušenje se smatra jednim od faktora rizika za
pojavu osteoporoze a ĉak 1771 (41%) ispitanica ima ovaj faktor rizika. Podizanje nivoa fiziĉkog
vaspitanja od najmlaĊeg uzrasta, edukacija stanovništva u odnosu na nutritivne potrebe skeleta i borba
protiv pušenja su prostori u kojima zdravstvena politika moţe mnogo uĉiniti na prevenciji osteoporoze.
Menopauza, posebno prevremena se smatra kljuĉnim faktorom rizika za pojavu osteoporoze te su
hormonska supstitucija menopauze i opšte mere prevencije od izuzetnog znaĉaja. Ĉak 821 (19%) naših
ispitanica ušlo je u postmenopauzni period ţivota pre 45 godine. Dokazano je da glikokortikoidna terapija
u visokom procentu dovodi do GIO, a 778 (18%) ispitanica je sada ili tokom ţivota bilo pod ovom
terapijom. Rezultati ove opservacione studije pokazuju visoko prisustvo faktora rizika za osteoporozu u
relativno mladih postmenopauznih ţena. Poraţavajući je podatak da je samo u 86 (2%) njih uraĊena
DEXA ili QUS, metode kojim se rano i na vreme moţe dijagnostikovati osteoporoza.




                                                                                                        159
Milica Medić-Stojanoska, Igor Mitić, Gorana Mitić, Pavle Pantelinac,
Faculty of Medicine in Novi Sad
''Influence of hyperprolactinemia on cardiovascular risk factors''

The association of hyperprolactinemia with metabolic and/or inflamatory conditions that may increase
cardiovascular risk is poorly undestud. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of
hyperprolactinemia on cardiovascular risk factors in young women. Methods: Serum levels of prolactin,
gonadothropins, estrogens, glucose, insulin, C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, interleukin (IL-6),
insulin growth factor (IGF-1), as body mass index (BMI), body composition were determined in control
group and in young female patients with hyperprolactinemia before and after therapy with dopamin
agonists. Control group was composed from 15 young women without hyperprolactinemia. Results:
Serum levels of prolactin were significantly higher in patients then controls (66,62± 54.19; 52.9±52.21;
62.79±54.17 vs. 15.75±6.54; 9.2±3.77; 12.19±6.57 µg/l p<0.01). Serum levels of gonadothropins,
estrogens, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, triglycerides, fibrinogen, IL-6 and IGF-1, as BMI and body
composition were without significant differences between groups. Fasting glucose and insulin levels were
significantly higher in patients than in controls (glucose 4.83±0.24 vs. 4.06±0.33 mmol/l p<0.01, insulin
16.01±6.7 vs. 10.04±7.2 IU/l p<0.01). HOMA-IR index suggest of presence insulin resistance only in
patients (3.4 vs. 1.8). Normal levels of CPR were significantly higher in investigated than control group
(2.1±0.3 vs. 0.97±1.42 mg/l p<0.01).Decrease of prolactin levels and their normal value were achieved by
dopamin agonists therapy (6.79±4.25; 7.14±5.85; 8.53±9.44 µg/l), which was significant (p<0.01). Levels
of gonadothropins, estrogens, lipids, fibrinogen, IL-6, IGF-1, BMI and body composition weren‟t
significantly changed after therapy. Significant decrease of glucose (4.29±0.38 mmol/l p<0.01) and insulin
(12.5±7.7 IU/l p<0.01) was achieved after therapy, same as increase of insulin sensitivity (HOMA-IR
index 2.38). CPR was significantly decreased after therapy also (1.6±0.4 mg/l p<0.01). Conclusion:
These results suggest that presence of hyperprolactinemia in these young women is associated with insulin
resistance and low grade inflammation as cardiovascular risk factors. Short-term therapy by dopamin
agonists can reduce them.




                                                                                                      160
Milica Medić-Stojanoska, Igor Mitić, Gorana Mitić, Pavle Pantelinac,
Medicinski fakultet u Novom Sadu
''Uticaj hiperprolaktinemije na kardiovaskularne faktore rizika''

Povezanost hiperprolaktinemije s metaboliĉkim i/ili inflamatornim stanjima koja mogu povećati
kardiovaskularni rizik nedovoljno je prouĉena. Cilj istraţivanja je bio ispitati uticaj hiperprolaktinemije na
faktore kardiovaskularnog rizika u mladih ţena sa hiperprolaktinemijom. Metode: Serumski nivo
prolaktina, gonadotropina, estradiola, glikemije, insulinemije, lipida, C-reaktivnog proteina (CRP),
fibrinogena, interleukina (IL-6), insulin growth factor (IGF-I), body mass indexa (BMI) i telesnog sastava
je odreĊivan u mladih ţena s hiperprolaktinemijom pre i posle terapije dopaminskim agonistima, kao i u
kontrolnoj grupi. Kontrolnu grupu je ĉinilo 15 zdravih ţena bez hiperprolaktinemije, sliĉne ţivotne dobi.
Rezultati: Singnifikantno više vrednosti serumskog prolaktina su bile u ispitivanoj grupi nego kontrolnoj
(66,62±54,19; 52,9±52,1; 62,79±54,17 prema 15,79±6,54; 9,20±3,77; 12,19±6,57 µg/l; p<0,01). Serumski
nivoi gonadotropina, estradiola, ukupnog holesterola, LDL, HDL, triglicerida, fibrinogena, IL-6, IGF-I,
kao i BMI i telesni sastav nisu se znaĉajno razlikovali izmeĊu ispitivane i kontrolne grupe. Glikemija i
insulinemija našte su bile u granicama referentnih, ali znaĉajno više u ispitivanoj grupi (glikemija
4,83±0,24 prema 4,06±0,33 mmol/l p<0,01, insulinemija 16,01±6,7 IU/l p<0,01). HOMA-IR indeks je
samo u grupi pacijentkinja govorio za insulinsku rezistenciju (3,4 prema 1,8). Normalni nivoi CRP su bili
signifikantno viši u ispitivanoj grupi (2,1±0,3 prema 0,97±1,42 mg/l p< 0,01). Terapija dopaminskim
agonistima je dovela do signifikantnog sniţenja nivoa prolaktina na normalne vrednosti (6,79±4,25;
7,14±5,85; 8,53±9,44 µg/l p<0,01). Vrednosti gonadotropina, estradiola, lipida, fibrinogena, IL-6, IGF-I,
kao i BMI i telesnog sastava nisu se znaĉajnije menjale posle terapije. Signifikantno sniţenje glikemije
(4,29±0,38 mmol/l p<0,01) i insulinemije (12,5±7,7 IU/l p<0,01) bilo je praćeno porastom insulinske
senzitivnosti (HOMA-IR indeks 2,38) nakon terapije. Sliĉne promene su viĊene i kod CRP (1,6±0,4 mg/l
p<0,01). Zaključak: Dobijeni rezultati sugerišu da je hiperprolaktinemija u ovih mladih ţena bila
udruţena s insulinskom rezistencijom i niskim stepenom inflamacije, kao kardiovaskularnim faktorima
rizika. Kratkotrajna terapija dopaminskim agonistima moţe dovesti do njihovog sniţenja.




                                                                                                          161
Milica Matavulj, Vesna Rajković, Zorana Banovaĉki, Bogosav Laţetić,
Faculty of Sciences in Novi Sad
''Monitoring of thyroid gland status in postmenopausal osteoporosis treatment''

The purpose of first year of investigations on project «Monitoring of thyroid gland status in
postmenopausal osteoporosis treatment» was to determine effects of electromagnet fields (EMFs)
exposure and its combination with standard medicamentous therapy of osteoporosis, on thyroid gland
structure. It is well known, that normal function of the thyroid gland is of great importance for a proper
bone formation. Hyperthyroidism can cause osteoporosis. Results of many studies have shown that
women with high levels of thyroid hormones actually have more fractures than women with normal
thyroid hormone levels what can mean that an excess of thyroid hormones leads to bone wasting, to
osteoporosis.
In these investigations we compared the effects of EMF exposure, as a posible treatment of osteoporosis,
with a standard medicamentous therapy for this bone desease and, also, the effects of combination of
these two treatments, on the structure of thyroid gland in ovariectomized rats (rats with experimentally
induced osteoporosis). Experiment was performed in Institute «Mljeĉanica» on four groups of 5.5 months
old ovariectomized Wistar rats. The first group was given pamidronate (a class of drugs called
bisphosphonates, reduces breakdown of the bones), Ca++ and D vitamin during five weeks, the second
group was given the same three types of treatment and was exposed to electromagnetic field (EMF)
(40Hz, 10 mT) for 45 minutes a day, 5 days a week, during five weeks, third group was exposed only to
EMF influence according same protocol as the second group, and the fourth group was the control
(ovariectomized animals without any treatment). After sacrifice, samples of the thyroid glands were
processed for HE staining and than subjected to stereological analysis (what was performed in the
Laboratory of histology and embriology, Department of biology and ecology; Faculty of Sciences, Novi
Sad) to determinate the volume density of the thyroidal follicular epithelium, colloid, interfollicular
connective tissue, and the thyroidal activation index using methods of stereology.
The results of the present experimental investigations indicate that volume density of the thyroidal
follicular epithelium of the first and the second group was significantly lower compared to the control, as
well as of the third group compared to second, while volume density of colloid in all groups was
significantly higher. The activation index significantly decreases in all treated groups compared to the
control, indicating suppressive effect of all treatments on thyroid structure. Numerical values of the
volume density of intefollicular connective tissue in all treated groups were nearly the same as in the
control group.
In the light of these results, me can conclude that all apllaied treatments of osteoporosis have suppressive
effect on thyroid gland, specially applyed in combination of EMF with Ca++, D vitamin and pamidronate.

Refernce:
1. Matavulj, M., Rajković, V., Lukaĉ, T., Stefanovski , G. Effects of electromagnetic fields on thyroid
    gland structure in ovariectomized rats
2. Matavulj, M., Rajković, V., Lukaĉ, T., Stefanovski , G Efekat ekstremno-niskofrekfentnog
    elektromagnetnog polja na strukturu tireoidne ţlezde ovarijektomisanih pacova. I Kongres Srpskog
    anatomskog društva, Novi Sad.




                                                                                                        162
Milica Matavulj, Vesna Rajković, Zorana Banovaĉki, Bogosav Laţetić,
Prirodno-matematički fakultet u Novom Sad
''Monitoring statusa tireoidne ţlezde u tretmanu postmenopauzalne eksperimentalne osteoporoze''

Cilj istraţivanja u prvoj godini realizacije projekta »Monitoring statusa tireoidne ţlezde u tretmanu
postmenopauzalne eksperimentalne osteoporoze» je bio da se odredi efekat izlaganja ovarijektomisanih
ţivotinja elektromagnetnim poljima (EMP) kao i efekti kombinacije ovog tretmana sa standardnom
medikamentoznom terapijom osteoporoze na strukturu tireoidne ţlezde. Dobro je poznato da je normalna
tireoidna funkcija od velike vaţnosti za pravilno formiranje kosti. Hipertireoidizam moţe izazvati
osteoporozu, a rezulteti mnogih istraţivanja pokazuju da su kod ţena sa visokim nivoom tireoidnih
hormona lomovi kostiju znatno ĉešći nego kod onih sa normalnim nivoom ovih hormona. Zbog ovog se
smatra da višak tireoidnih hormona dovodi do gubitka koštane mase, odnosno osteoporoze. U ovim
istraţivanjima komparirali smo efekte EMP-a, kao mogućeg tretmana osteoporoze, sa standardnom
medikamentoznom terapijom za ovo koštano obolenje kao i efekte kombinacije ova dva tretmana na
strukturu tireoidne ţlezde ovarijektomisanih pacova (t.j. eksperimentalno indukovane ovarijektomije).
Eksperiment je izveden u Institutu «Mljeĉanica», Kozarska Dubica, na ĉetri grupe 5,5 meseci satarim
ovarijektomisanim Wistar pacovima. Pvoj grupi je davan pamidronat (biofosfonat, moćni inhibitor
koštane resorbcije), Ca++ i D-vitamin tokom pet nedelja, druga grupa je bila izlagana elektromagnetnom
polju (EMP) (40Hz, 10 mT) po 45 minuta, 5 dana a nedeljno, tokom pet nedelja uz istu medikamentoznu
terapiju kao predhodna grupa, treća grupa je bila izlagana samo EMP-u po istom protokolu kao druga
grupa, dok je ĉetvrta grupa ţivotinja bila kontrolna (ovarijektomisane ţivotinje bez ikakvog tretmana).
Nakon ţrtvovanja tireoidne ţlezde su prosleĊenje koroz proceduru za HE bojenje, a zatim podvrgnute
stereološkoj analizi (što je sve uraĊeno u Laboraroriji za histologiju i embriologiju Departmana za
biologiju i ekologiju, Prirodno matematiĉkog fakulteta u Novom Sadu) da bi se odredila volumenska
gustina folikularnog epitela, koloida i interfolikularnog vrziva tireoidne ţlezde kao i njenog indeksa
aktivacije.
Dobijeni rezultati pokazuju da je volumenska gustina tireoidnog folikularnog epithela prve i druge grupe
signifikantno niţa u poreĊenju sa kontrolom, kao i treće u odnosu na drugu, dok je volumenska gustina
koloida kod sve tri grupe bila signifikantno veća u odnosu na kontrolu. Indeks aktivacije tireoidne ţlezde
je kod sve tri tretirane grupe bio signifikantno niţi u odnosu na kontrolnu grupu, što ukazuje na supresivni
efekat svih primenjenih tretmana na tireoidnu strukturu. Numeriĉke vrednosti volumenske gustine
intefolikularnog vezivnog tkiva u svim tretiranim grupama bila je gotovo jednaka onoj u kontrolnoj.
U svetlu ovih rezultata moţemo zakljuĉiti da primenjeni tretmani osteoporoze imaju supresivni efekat na
tireoidnu ţlezdu posebno kada se medikamentozna terapija kombinuje sa EMP-a.




                                                                                                        163
Ljiljana Jovanović, Vaso Leković, Zorica Kukić, Petar Petriĉević, Dobrivoje Martinov, Sonja Puškarić-
Kapeler, Miloranka Petrov-Kiurski, Zdravko Ţdrale, Miloš Radumilo, Marta Ambrozi, AnĊa Boţić,
Research and development division of the Zrenjanin medical center
''Hypertension and its complications''

The research has been based on hypothesis that prompt preventive action could reduce the risk of getting
ill of hypertension and that discovering high blood pressure in early stage could provide its adequate
medical treatment. It should be emphasized that the project encircled complications which emerge from
this malignant non-contagious disease.
The research has shown high number of patients suffering from high blood pressure in the region of
Srednji Banat, therefore, the aim was to reduce mortality and morbidity of these patients.
It is discovered that 41.6% respondent suffers from high blood pressure. And as far as the age structure
considered, the disease in many cases started in the age of 35 and was growing with the growth of age. It
is significant that women suffer from hypertension in much higher percentage than men.
Based on the results of the research we concluded that high blood pressure is not only an actual and very
serious health problem, but also a social problem in our region and it requires immediate action.
       Preventive action and discovering hypertension in the early stage is the only way to justify the thesis
and the way to accomplish the aim which this research set forth. This means reducing the number of
morbidity, mortality and disability to which this dangerous and mass disease manly leads.
This should be just the first step in solving this complex matter where inevitably emerge the need to
continue the project in a greater scale. Therefore, the further research requires segmented, thorough and
multidisciplinary approach.




                                                                                                          164
Ljiljana Jovanović, Vaso Leković, Zorica Kukić, Petar Petriĉević, Dobrivoje Martinov, Sonja Puškarić-
Kapeler, Miloranka Petrov-Kiurski, Zdravko Ţdrale, Miloš Radumilo, Marta Ambrozi, AnĊa Boţić,
Istraţivačko-razvojna jedinica Zdravstvenog centra Zrenjanin
''Hipertenzija i njene komplikacije''

Istraţivanje se zasniva na hipotezama da blagovremena prevencija smanjuje rizik oboljevanja od
hipertenzije i da rano otkrivanje hipertenzivnih bolesnika omogućuje njihovo adekvatno leĉenje.
Neophodno je istaći da projekat obuhvata i komplikacije nastalih od ove opake nezarazne bolesti.
Istraţivanjem se iskazala rasprostranjenost hipertenzivnih bolesnika na teritoriji Srednjeg Banata i to sa
ciljem da se smanji mortalitet i morbidite kod obolelih od hipertenzije. U ovom istraţivanju u obraĊenom
uzorku 41,6% ispitanika boluje od hipertenzije. U starosnoj strukturi oboleli od hipertenzije su u kategoriji
iznad 35-e godine ţivota pri ĉemu se sa godinama ţivota povećava broj obolelih. Ţene u znatno većem
procentu oboljevaju od ove bolesti.
Na osnovu dobijenih rezultat yakljuĉuje se da je hipertenzija aktuelan i ozbiljan problem, i to ne samo
zdravstveni nego i socijalni, na ovim našim prostorima i da zahteva neodloţno rešavanje.
Preventivno rešavanje i rano otkrivanje hipertenzije jeste jedini naĉin za opravdanost postavljenih
hipoteza i postizanje postavljenog cilja ovog istraţivanja, a to je smanjenje morbiditeta, mortaliteta i
invalidnosti kojima ova opasna i masovna bolest vodi.
Ovo je tek prva stepenica u ovoj kompleksnoj problematici iz koje neminovno proistiĉe opravdana potreba
za nastavkom projekta i istraţivanja koja bi zahtevala slojevit, temeljan i multidisciplinaran pristup.




                                                                                                         165
Jan Varga, Jovan Vlaški, Georgios Konstantinidis, Slobodan Grebeldinger, Dragan Katanić,
Faculty of Medicine in Novi Sad
''Influence of hormonal therapy on an increase of fertile potential of children with undescended
testes''

Undescended testis represents one of the most common anomalies of the urogenital system. In patients
with unilateral undescended testis the risk of future infertility in adulthood is approximately 30%, while in
patients with bilateral undescended testis this risk is as high as 66%. Hormonal therapy induces descensus
in certain number of patients and improved predictive fertility from poor to good in up to 75% of the
patients.
According to these facts that have also been mentioned in a section subject of a study we have formulated
following aims of the study:
a). To determine clinical parameters in patients with undescended testes;
b). To determine the incidence of undescended testes;
c). To determine the average age of the patients operated for undescended testes;
d). To determine pathohistological characteristics of the undescended testes;
e). To analyze the effects of hormonal therapy on the future fertility of the patients with undescended
testes;
f). To try to formulate modern, optimal treatment protocol for children with undescended testes that could
be applied to the study population, but also on a national and even regional level.
Over the study period (May 2006 – March 2007) almost all of the aims have been realized. Some of the
aims (e and f) require a long period of time in order for them to be fully realized (spermiogram analysis
and formation of the algorithm according to the results).
a). Over the study period (May 2006 – March 2007) 209 patients were operated for undescended testes in
the health centers included in the project. 38 patients were operated for bilateral undescended testes, and
171 patients were operated on for unilateral undescended testes. Right undesceded testis was present in 79
patients (46.2%), and left undescended testis was present in 92 patients (53.8%).
b). Compared to the total number of children operated upon in the 4 health centers included in the project
the incidence of the orchiopexies is 6.3%. Out of the 6628 newborn babies, boys were represented with
50.7% (3360). In 47 newborn males (1.4%) cryptorchidism was diagnosed at birth.
c). Over the study period the average age of the patient treated for undescended testes was 5.72 years.
d). Over the study period 124 biopsies were analyzed. 105 of those (84.6%) had inadequate number of
spermatogonia nad Ad spermatogonia, i.e. they had an increased risk of future infertility. Most of these
patients are already included in a program of postoperative hormonal therapy in order to improve their
chances for future fertility.

Reference:
1.   D. Zivkovic, D.G. Bica and F. Hadziselimovic. Effects of hormonal treatment on the contralateral
     descended testis in unilateral cryptorchidism. J Ped Urol, 2006, Vol 2, Issue 5, 468-472.
2.   Hadziselimovic F, Herzog B. The importance of both an early orchiopexy and germ cell maturation
     for fertility. Lancet 2001;358:1156-1157.
3.   Hadziselimovic F, Herzog B. Hodenkrankungen im Kindesalter. Hippokrates Verl; Berlin 1990:24-
     45.
4.   Hadziselimovic F, Herzog B. Treatment with luteinizing hormone releasing hormone analogue after
     successful orchiopexy markedly improves the chance of fertility later in life. J Urol
     1997;158(suppl342):1193-1195.
5.   D. Zivkovic, J. Varga, S. Bukarica, D.G. Bica and F. Hadziselimovic. Odnos adultnih tamnih
     spermatogonija i sekretornog kapaciteta Leydig-ovih ćelija kod nespuštenog testisa. Medicina danas
     2006;5(1-2):80-83.


                                                                                                         166
6.   D. Zivkovic, J. Varga, S. Bukarica, D.G. Bica and F. Hadziselimovic. Uticaj hormonalnog tretmana
     na kontralateralni testis kod pacijenata sa unilateralnim kriptorhizmom. Medicina danas 2006;5(1-
     2):74-79.
7.   J. Varga, D. Ţivković, S. Grebeldinger, G. Konstantinidis, J. Vlaški, D. Katanić. Znaĉaj biopsije
     nespuštenog testisa. Knjiga saţetaka IV Kongresa pedijatara Srbije i Crne Gore sa meĊunarodnim
     uĉešćem, Beograd 2006.

Jan Varga, Jovan Vlaški, Georgios Konstantinidis, Slobodan Grebeldinger, Dragan Katanić,
Medicinski fakultet u Novom Sadu
''Uticaj hormonalne terapije na povećanje fertilnog potencijala dece sa nespuštenim testisima''

Nespušteni testis predstavlja jednu od najĉešćih anomalija urogenitalnog sistema. Kod pacijenata sa
jednostrano nespuštenim testisom rizik od infertiliteta u kasnijem odraslom dobu je oko 30%, dok kod
pacijenata sa obostrano nespuštenim testisom rizik iznosi 66%. Hormonalni tretman indukuje descenzus
nespuštenog testisa kod odreĊenog broja pacijenata i poboljšava prediktivni fertilitet sa lošeg na dobar kod
oko 75% pacijenata.
Na osnovu ovih saznanja koja su i navedena u predmetu istraţivanja i predviĊenom sadrţaju istraţivanja u
projektu su postavljeni sledeći ciljevi istraţivanja:
     a) Odrediti kliniĉke parametre kod dece sa nespuštenim testisima;
     b) Utvrditi incidencu nespuštenog testisa;
     c) Ustanoviti proseĉan uzrast pacijenata kojima se radi orhidopeksija;
     d) Odrediti patohistološke karakteristike nespuštenog testisa;
     e) Analiziratu uticaj hormonalne terapije na fertilni potencijal dece sa nespuštenim testisima;
     f) Pokušati formirati savremen, optimalan protokol tretmana dece sa nespuštenim testisom primenljiv
         kako na ispitivanom tako i na širem, nacionalnom pa i regionalnom nivou.
U toku godinu dana, od kada je projekat odobren do dana podnošenja izveštaja realizovani su gotovo svi
ciljevi istraţivanja koji su u prijavi projekta postavljeni. Realizacija nekih ciljeva (e i f) nije bila moguća u
ispitivanom periodu zbog potrebe da proĊe vremenski period u kojem bi se u potpunosti sagledao uticaj
hormonalne terapije (spermogram) i formirao algoritam tretmana.
a). U ispitivanom periodu (maj 2006-mart 2007) operisano je 209 deĉaka sa nespuštenim testisom deĉje
hirurškim centrima ukljuĉenim u projekat. Obostrano je testis operisan kod 38 deĉaka, dok je jednostrano
nespušten testis operisan kod 171 deĉaka. Desnostrano nespušten testis je operisan kod 79 dece (46.2%)
dok je levostrano operisan kod 92 dece (53.8%).
b). U odnosu na ukupan broj operisane dece u deĉje hirurškim centrima ukljuĉenim u projekat uĉestalost
operacija nespuštenog testisa je 6.3%. Od ukupnog broja novoroĊene dece na Ginekološkoj klinici
Kliniĉkog centra u Novom Sadu (6628) muški pol je zastupljen sa 50.7% (3360). Kod 47 novoroĊenih
deĉaka ustanovljen je nespušten testis (1.4%).
c). U toku ispitivanog perioda proseĉan uzrast operisanih deĉaka sa nespuštenim testisom iznosio je 5.72
godina.
d). U toku dosadašnjeg trajanja projekta analizirano je 124 bioptata nespuštenih testisa. Od toga je kod
105 bioptata (84.6%) ustanovljen nedovoljan ili odsutan broj spermatogonija i Ad spermatogonija,
odnosno utvrĊen povišen rizik od budućeg infertiliteta. Ovim pacijentima je predloţena i većina pacijenta
je već ukljuĉena u program postoperativnog hormonalnog tretmana u cilju poboljšanja budućeg fertiliteta.




                                                                                                             167
Duško Kozić, Darjana Jovanović, Robert Semnic, Jelena Ostojić, Katarina Koprivšek,
Faculty of Medicine in Novi Sad
''Brain 1H-MR Spectroscopy of Patients with Leber’s Hereditary Optic Neuropathy and Non-
affected Carriers of mtDNA Mutations''

We examined 59 healthy volunteers (aged 20-80 years). The spectroscopy examination using multivoxel
technique both with short (STEAM 20) and long echo time (SE) was performed in centrum semiovale
area. Spectroscopic examination of the hippocampus was performed in 25 healthy individuals.
Using Chemical Shift Imaging (CSI) in the centrum semiovale we obtained 64 spectra. In order to
investigate regional distribution of metabolite concentrations we measured metabolite areas from
representative 12 voxels, both for SE 135 and STEAM 20 technique. We measured peak areas of Choline
(Cho), Creatine (Cr), Myoinositol (mI), N-acetil aspartate (NAA) and Glutamine/Glutamate complex
(Glx) for each region. We calculated ratios of each metabolite to the resonance area of creatine. Statistical
analysis of the data included: Analysis of variance, multifactorial analysis of variance and factor analysis
with brain region as factor.Multifactorial analysis of variance was performed that collapsed across three
age groups and examined the nine metabolite ratios. Group of young people (group 1) consisted of 15
individuals aged 21-35 years, group of middle aged people (group 2) 20, 35-55 years, and elderly people
group (group 3)15, 55-80 years. Factor analysis found no significant difference between sexes. The
difference between group 1 and group 3 was significant for all metabolites. After applying cluster analysis
on factors, all healthy volunteers were divided in three groups, regardless age and sex. Cluster analysis of
all investigated regions revealed that voxel in left frontal hemisphere has the strongest influence in
dividing healthy people in different groups.

Reference:
1. Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor of the Oculomotor Nerve
Kozic, D.1; Nagulic, M.1; Ostojic, J.1; Samardzic, M.1; Milic-Rasic, V.1; Skender Gazibara, M.1; Nuri
Sener, R.1
2. Acta Radiologica, Volume 47, Number 6, July 2006, pp. 595-598(4)
Nonspecific             perichondritis           of           the            lumbar            spine.
3.    R     Semnic,     B     Milosevic,    N     Vuckovic,    M     Semnic,     and    RN     Sener
J Neuroimaging, January 1, 2007; 17(1): 84-6.




                                                                                                         168
Duško Kozić, Darjana Jovanović, Robert Semnic, Jelena Ostojić, Katarina Koprivšek,
Medicinski fakultet u Novom Sadu
''Biohemijska heterogenost moţdanog parenhima: 1H MR spektroskopska studija uticaja starenja i
regije na koncentracije metabolita mozga''

U dosadašnjem toku istraţivanja snimili smo 59 ispitanika, starosne dobi od 20 do 80 godina. Kada se
rezultati sumiraju po ispitivanim lokacijama: snimljeno je 50 centruma semiovale SE 135 tehnikom i
STEAM 20 tehnikom. Snimanje hipokampusa, koje je je tehniĉki i vremenski najzahtevnije je do sada
sprovedeno kod 25 dobrovoljaca.
Primenom multivoksel spektroskopije (2D CSI) u regiji centruma semiovale dobijeno je 64 spektroskopije
po jednoj tehnici za jednog ispitanika. Da bi ispitali regionalnu raspodelu koncentracija metabolita mozga,
analizirali smo 12 reprezentativnih voksela za obe tehinke. Na ovaj naĉin se analizira 7 metabolita mozga
(holin, kreatin, mioninozitol, N-acetilaspartat kao i komplekse glutamina i glutamata) na 12 lokacija u
mozgu. Koncentracije su izraţene relativno, kao odnos svakog metabolita kroz kreatin, koji je interni
standard. Sprovedena je detaljna statistiĉka obrada dobijenih podataka koja obuhvata deskriptivnu
statistiku kao i ispitivanje razlike po polu i uzrastu. Ispitanici su podeljeni na dve grupe: grupa-1, muškarci
(21) i grupa-2, ţene (29), kod ispitivanja razlika po polu i na tri starosne grupe: god-1 (14) do 35 godina,
god-2 (19) od 36 do 55 godina, god-3 (14) preko 55 godina kod ispitivanja uticaja starosne dobi na
koncentracije metabolita mozga. Primenom faktorske analize na dobijeni set podataka utvrdili smo da po
polu ne postoji statistiĉki znaĉajna razlika izmeĊu navedenih grupa. Faktorskom analizom starosnih grupa
utvrĊene su znaĉajne razlike izmeĊu god-1 i god-3 za sve posmatrane metabolite. Klaster analizom na
izdvojenim faktorima za svaki ispitivani parametar pojedinaĉno, je utvrĊeno da se zdravi dobrovoljci
grupišu u tri ili ĉetiri meĊusobno odvojene grupe, nezavisno od pola i uzrasta što ukazuje na potrebu
daljeg ispitivanja njihovog neuropsihološkog statusa. Klaster analizom po lokacijama smo došli do veoma
interesantnog rezultata da se zdravi ispitanici na osnovu MR spektroskopije grupišu po lokaciji 1 tj. da se
zdravi dobrovoljci spektroskopijom mozga meĊusobno razlikuju po levom frontalnom korteksu. Detaljan
prikaz dosadašnjih rezultata sa tabelama i grafikonima dat je u prilogu.
Rezultati ovog projekta su od izuzetne vaţnosti za naš dalji nauĉni rad na polju MR spektroskopije.Pored
prouĉavanja starenja mozga na ovaj naĉin obezbeĊujemo veliku kontrolnu grupu zdravih ljudi, što otvara
prostor za poredjenje i bolje razumevanje patoloških procesa.
Po završetku svih predviĊenih projektnih zadataka, planiramo njihovo objavljivanje u nekom od stranih
ĉasopisa.
Deo rezultata je prihvaćen za izlaganje na svetskom kongresu magnetne rezonance koji se odrţava od 17-
25. Maja u Berlinu, u formi elektronskog postera.
U toku je izrada doktorske disertacije istraţivaĉa Jelene Ostojić na rezultatima ovog projekta.




                                                                                                           169
Nikola Grujić, Danka Filipović, Nada Naumović, Damir Lukaĉ, Oto Barak, Miodrag Drapšin, Dea
Karaba, Jelena Popodić Gaćeša,
Faculty of Medicine in Novi Sad
''Responses of the human body to physical stress and limits of compesatory mechanisms''

We investigated the energetic capacity of individuals with different physical capabilities and sports
specialities. During 2006 we tested 200 athletes registering dynamometric and ergometric parameters at
different levels of physical loads following up cardiorespiratory parameters at rest effort and recovery.
Analyzing the results of these investigations and the earlier results from our database (2150 athletes and
sedentary persons) the metabolic profile of different sports was established (280 football players, 520
basketball players, 200 volleyball players, 60 handball players, 125 wrestlers, 320 athletes). This profile is
of crucial importance in the evaluation of individual sportsmen. In cooperation with the Russian partners
we started several joint investigations. We investigated the variability of different physiological, during
and immediately after physical activity. The experiments involved heart rate variability (HRV) and
bioelectrical activity of the brain (EEG). We established that there are changes in the autonomic balance
(with the quantitative markers of HRV) and the presence of different EEG spectrums over cortical regions
at different levels of physical efforts. Several articles in detail analyze the engagement of the whole
organism during acute bouts of exercise. Results of this activation are systemic changes in physiological
functions that correspond with the alarm phase of stress. These changes appear in the cardiorespiratory
functions, endocrine secretion, and body temperature with the aim to raise the functional state of the
whole body to a higher level to cope with the new metabolic requests. An adequate neurovegetative
response of athletes to physical exercise could be the key of succesfull response to sports achievements.

Reference:
1.   Karaba Jakovljević D, Jakovljević P, Popadić-Gaćeša J, Lukaĉ D, Srdić B. Anaerobic profile of elite
     athletes. Jugoslav.Phisiol. Pharmacol.Acta, Vol 42, No 1., Beograd, 2006,35-40
2.   Barak O, Glazachev O, Dudnik H, Korobeinikova I, Klasnja A, Grujic N. Peculiarities of the
     autonomic balance assessed through heart rate variability analysis in students - sportsmen and
     nonsportsmen. Matica Srpska proccedings for natural sciences (rad recenziran i prihvaćen za
     štampu)
3.   Коробейникова ИИ, Дудник ЕН, Груич Н, Лажетич Б, Барак О, Филиппович Д, Фудин НА,
     Судаков КВ. Сравнительный анализ психофизиологических показателей системоквантов
     результативной деятельности физически тренированных и нетренированных лиц.
4.   Коробейникова ИИ, Дудник ЕН, Барак О, Филиппович Д, Груич Н, Лажетич Б, Судаков КВ
     Опыт исследобания             физиологических показателей системоквантов резултативной
     деятельности спортсменов.
5.   Grujić N. Fiziĉka aktivnost kao neposredni uzrok smrti. Med Pregl (editorijal recenziran i pruhvaćen
     za štampu)
6.   Drapšin M, Krstić V, Kuzmanovski S, Milankov M, Grujić N. 2006. Izokinetiĉki profil pacijenata sa
     povredom prednjeg ukrštenog ligamenta. Akutelno u praksi, 4, 100-108.




                                                                                                          170
Nikola Grujić, Danka Filipović, Nada Naumović, Damir Lukaĉ, Oto Barak, Miodrag Drapšin, Dea
Karaba, Jelena Popodić Gaćeša,
Medicinski fakultet u Novom Sadu
''Odgovori ljudskog organizma na uticaj fizičkog opterećenja i limiti kompenzatornih
mehanizama''

Istraţivanja su obuhvatila merenja energetskog kapaciteta kod osoba razliĉite fiziĉke radne sposobnosti i
sportske specijalnosti. U toku 2006. godine testiranjem je obuhvaćeno 200 osoba, registrovanjem
dinamometrije i primenom fiziĉkog opterećenja razliĉitog nivoa na ergometru, gde su se registrovali
kardiorespiratorni parametri tokom mirovanja, opterećenja i oporavka. Analizom dobijenih rezultata i
koirišćenjem parametara iz baze podataka (2150 sportista i nesportista) utvrĊen je metaboliĉki profil
odreĊenih sportova (280 testiranja fudbalera, 520 košarkaša, 200 odbojkaša, 60 rukometaša, 140 veslaĉa,
125 rvaĉa, 320 atletiĉara) što je od velikog znaĉaja za dalju evaluaciju pojedinaca u odreĊenum sportskim
disciplinama.      U saradnji sa Ruskim partnerom zapoĉeli smo niz istraţivanja u grupi sportista i
nesportista. Ispitivali smo stepena varijabilnosti fizioloških funkcija, tokom i neposredno posle fiziĉkog
opterećenja. Merenja su obuhvatala promrnljivost srĉane frekvencije (HRV) i sumarnu bioelektriĉnu
aktivnost mozga (EEG). Potvrdili smo da dolazi do promene u autonomnom balansu (ĉiji je kvantitativni
pokazatelj HRV) i zastupljenosti razliĉitih EEG spektruma nad odreĊenim kortikalnim oblastima pri
razliĉitim nivoima fiziĉkog opterećenja. Brojni radovi o fiziĉkoj aktivnosti do detalja razmatraju
angaţovanost celog organizma pri kratkotrajnom veţbanju. Rezultati ovakve aktivacije su sistemske
promene u fiziološkim funkcijama, što odgovara alarmnoj fazi stresa. Promene se javljaju u sferi
kardiorespiratornog sistema, endokrinih ţlezda, telesne temperature, a sve u cilju da se funkcije organizma
u celini podignu na viši nivo funkcionisanja kojim se zadovoljavaju novonastale metaboliĉke potrebe.
Adekvatno angaţovanje neurovegetativnog sistema sportista na opterećenje moţe da bude kljuĉ što
svrsishodnijeg odgovora na predstavljene sportske zahvteve.




                                                                                                       171
Slobodanka Latinović, Zoran Ţikić, Vladimir Ĉanadanović, Nikola Babić, Sofija Davidović,
Academy of Sciences and Arts of Vojvodina in Novi Sad
''Blidness and Low Vision and the Importance of Cataract Surgery for Decrease of Treatable
Blindness in Vojvodina''

In the previos cross population study of registrated people in Association of blind and people with low
vision of Vojvodina (2004),we found out that the prevalence of visual impairment of 0.16%(3298) is
lowest compared to other Eastern European country(o,5-l,2%).Aim of this study is to estimate the real
quantity of visual impairment in the population over 50 years of age in Vojvodina.The data of combined
biphasic, stratified sample of 4997selected households in the 7 geographical parts of the region was
analized. All the households members(<5o) were included in the survey(7534 people). More than a half
of people interviewed , 52%, 3918 persons did not have any eye examination in the last 3 years. From the
complete sample 2% are allready aware that they have glaucoma, 5,5 % have cataract, 8% diabetic
desease and 9% have high myopia.We found out that 89% of population examined (6705 individue) was
without visual impairement. There were 819 people with visual impairment .The prevalence of people
with low vision in the population over 50 years of age in Vojvodina has been estemated to 11% .High
myopia was present in 23% of this people, cataract in 20%, 17% have visual impairment due to diabetic
changes on the eyes and 17% for some other eye desease. In the next phase of study complete
ophthalmologic examinaion of this group will determine the real prevalence of blindness and low vision in
the population, and their causes as well. Prospective study has been conducted in 7 centers for cataract
surgery in Vojvodina.Total namber of l0187 cataract surgical procedures were reported
(3years).Number and quality of cataract surgeries has slightly grown.The majority of cataract cases 56%
were treated with conventional technique and 38% with modern technique of phacoemulsification with
small incision and foldable IOLinsertion .Only in 5.0% of cataract cases no IOL was implanted.
The study will continue in the next year.

Reference:
1.   Latinović,S.(2006):Global Iniciative for The Prevention of Blidness: Vision 2020- Right to Sight,
     Editorial, Med Pregl;LIX(5-6):207-212
2.   Latinović S. Barišić S. (2006):Improvment of the Quality of Vision with New Acrysof Natural IOL
   in pseudophakic patients, Opthalmological School, Croatian Society for Cataract and Refractive
   Surgery, Dubrovnik, april 7-9 2006; ab .51
3.   Latinović S.(2007):Visual impairment Study in The Population of Vojvodina, 3 rd Panonnic
   Ophthalmology Meeting, 4 th South Estern European Ophthalmology Congress, 2 nd Conference
   on Prevention of Blindness – Vision 2020. Novi Sad, 23-25 march 2007, abs. 7,24
4.   Canadanovic V. Latinovic S , Bjelica D. (2007)Visuale Impairment And Blindness in Childern in
     The Vojvodina Region, 3 rdPanonnic Ophthalmology Meeting, 4 th South Estern European
     Ophthalmology Congress, 2 nd Conference on Prevention of Blindness – Vision 2020, Novi Sad, 23-
     25 march 2007, abs. 8,25
5.   Latinović S., Davidović S., Jovanović S.,Barišić S.(2006) : Oftalmološki aspekti atrofiĉno-
     degenerativnih stanja i oboljenja oka.Ĉovek i Priroda, Matica Srpska Novi Sad 2006,75-82( 31ref.)
6.   Latinović S.(2006): Oko i vid u poboljšanju kvaliteta ţivota-pristupno predavanje, VANU Godišnjak
     2005, Novi Sad 2oo6,115 -130( 16 ref.)
7.   Ćeklić L.,Latinović S., Aleksić P. (2006):Vodeći uzroci slepila i slabovidosti u regionnu
     IstoĉneHercegovine,Med Pregl LIX(1-2):15-18
8.   Latinović S. (2oo6) :Kako vidimo i da li moţe bolje? Vox Medici , Novi Novi Sad; maj 2006,
   22-23
9.   Latinović S.(2006):Dijabetesna retinopatija-Kako spreĉiti gubitak vida, pozivno predavanje,
   DLV-SLD, Podruţnica Senta, 6. l2 .2006.


                                                                                                     172
Slobodanka Latinović, Zoran Ţikić, Vladimir Ĉanadanović, Nikola Babić, Sofija Davidović,
VojvoĎanska akademija nauka i umetnosti u Novom Sadu
''Slepilo i slabovidost i značaja hirurgije katarakte za smanjenje izlečivog slepila u Vojvodini''

Presek studija populacije registrovanog slepila u Savezu slepih i slabovidih Vojvodine(2004g),pokazala
je prevalencu slepila i slabovidosti od 0,l6% , znaĉajno manju u poreĊenju sa vaţećim podacima o
uĉestalosti slepila u zemljama Istoĉne Evrope( 0,5 do l,2%).
Ovo studija treba da ukaţe na realno stanje uĉestalosti vidne nesposobnosti u stanovništvuVojvodine.
Korišćen je dvostepeni, kombinovani,stratifikovani uzorak stanovnika sa etapnim izborom kao
reprezentivnim za Vojvodinu .U uzorku od 4997 domaćinstava u 7 geografskih okruga u Vojvodini
nadjeno je 7534 osoba 50 i više godina starosti koji su predstavlali ciljnu grupu istraţivanja. Anketom u
ukupnom uzorku ustanovljeno je da 52% ispitanika nije bilo na pregledu kod oĉnog lekara u poslednjih
3g. Da od svih ispitanika 2% zna da boluje od glaukoma, 5,5 % od katarakte, 8 % od šećerne bolesti, 9%
od visoke kratkovidosti .U ukupnom uzorku otkriveno je 819 ili 11% osoba sa oštećenim vidom u
domenu slabovidosti .Time se procenjuje da prevalenca slabovidosti u ukupnoj populaciji stanovništva
u Vojvodini iznosi 11%. U tom uzroku slabovidih iskazana je zastupljenost oĉnih bolesti prema sledećoj
uĉestalo- sti: visoka kratkovidost u 23%, katarakte u 20%, šećerna bolest u 17% i glaukom u 9%.
Prospektivna studija o katarakti sprovodena je u 7 centara za operaciju katarakte u Vojvodini. Tokom
poslednje 3 godine ukupno broj operacija je bio l0187. UtvrĊeni broj operacija katarakte neznatno raste
(3573 u 2006.g) a kvalitet , odnosno primena savremenih metoda hirurgije u znaĉajnijem je porastu u
svih 7 centara u Vojvodine.Savremena ultrazvuĉna operacija katarakte kroz mali rez i ugradnja savitljivih
intraokularnih soĉiva ĉini 38%( 1360) operacija u odnosu na 56 % (1996) konvencionalnih operacija .
Samo u 5%(168) operisanih nije ugraĊeno veštaĉkog soĉiva . Istraţivanje se u celini dalje nastavlja .




                                                                                                     173
                          NAME REGISTER

                          REGISTAR IMENA

Abramović Biljana, 89              Boţin Biljana, 149
Aćimović Goran, 27                 Breberina Milan, 155
Adamović Dušan, 27                 Brkić Miladin, 63
Adţić Evgenije, 67                 Brujić Zoran, 55
Ajdţanović Milan, 117              Budak Igor, 61
Alanović Milivoj, 117              Budić Spomenka, 115
Ambrozi Marta, 165                 Budinski-Simendić Jaroslava, 59
Andrašev Siniša, 17                Bugarin Rajko, 37
Andreluh Vesna, 89                 Bugarski Dejan, 41
Andrić Edit, 133                   Bugarski Nataša, 117
Andrić Silvana, 81                 Bursić Vojislava, 23
Antić Aco, 61                      Ĉanadanović Vladimir, 173
Arsenijević Srdjan, 127            Ĉanadanović-Brunet Jasna, 57
Avramović Nenad, 139               Ĉanji Erţebet, 133
Babić Ljiljana, 31                 Ĉapo-Išpanović Julijana, 133
Babić Milica, 27                   Carić Biljana, 139
Babić Mirko, 31                    Carić Marko, 139
Babić Nikola, 173                  Cerović Ljubivoje, 123
Bagi Ferenc, 23                    Ĉešljević Valerija, 87
Bala Gustav, 157                   Ćetković Gordana, 57
Balaţ Ferenc, 23                   Ĉileg Marija, 145
Banjai Janoš, 119                  Ĉokorilo Nebojša, 157
Banovaĉki Zorana, 163              Ćosić Ilija, 143
Barak Oto, 171                     Crnobarac Jovan, 27
Bašić ĐorĊe, 105                   Crvenković Siniša, 97
Beker Emilija, 145                 Csanádi János, 89
Belić AnĊelka, 13                  Ćupina Branko, 19
Belić Sima, 13                     Cvejić Aleksandar, 153
Benka Pavel, 13                    Cvetković Ljiljana, 97
Berenji Janoš, 33                  Đaković-Sekulić Tatjana, 95
Bigović Maja, 157                  Davidović Sofija, 173
Bikit Ištvan, 85                   Delić Olja, 127
Biro Mikloš, 111                   Đermanov Jelena, 115
Bjelaković Isidor, 117             Đilas Sonja, 57
Bjelica Luka, 89                   Dimić Etelka, 33
Bjelica Slobodan, 129              Djere Zoltan, 129
Boboš Stanko, 43                   Djurić Djordje, 129
Bogavac Mirjana, 149               Djurić-Kuzmanović Tatjana, 135
Bojović Viktorija, 145             Dodić Jelena, 65
Boljević Agneš, 141                Dodić Siniša, 65
Boškov Svetozar, 129               Dolinka Igor, 97
Bošnjaković Ţarko, 117             ĐorĊević ĐorĊe, 139
Boţanić Sneţana, 129               ĐorĊević Dragomir, 139
Boţić Aleksandar, 15               ĐorĊević Miroslav, 139
Boţić AnĊa, 165                    Došen Radoslav, 39
                                                                     174
Došenović Irena, 33          Hardi Djura, 129
Dragin Gordana, 117          Harpanj Mihal, 131
Drakulić Danica, 145         Hermat Peter, 141
Drapšin Miodrag, 171         Hodoliĉ Janko, 61
Dudok Miroslav, 131          Hodoliĉ Jarmila, 131
Dujmović Ferenc, 77          Horvat Olga, 151
Đukić Dragan, 19             Hoţa Eva, 133
Đukić Mara, 115              Hrnjaković-Cvjetković Ivana, 149
Đukić Nikola, 37             Ilić Olivera, 19
Dumnić Boris, 67             Ivanišević Petar, 17
Đuragić Olivera, 73          Ivanović Zoran, 67
Dţinić Natalija, 73          Jajić Igor, 47
Erić Pero, 19                Jakovljević Jovan, 65
Fajgelj Stanislav, 157       Jakovljević Vida, 151
Farago Kornelija, 119        Jakšić Jelena, 105
Feher Ileš, 77               Janić Todor, 63
Filipović Danka, 171         Janjić Jevrem, 95
Filipović Nada, 73           Jerant-Patić Vera, 149
Filipović Slavko, 73         Jevtić Radivoje, 33
Fišl Julija, 105             Jevtović Violeta, 87
Fišteš Aleksandar, 65        Jocić Mirjana, 117
Folić Radomir, 55            Jocković ĐorĊe, 33
Forkapić Sofija, 85          Jokanović Marija, 57
Furman Timofej, 45           Josifidis Kosta, 145
Futo Hargita, 133            Josimov-DunĊerski Jasmina, 13
Gaál Ferenc, 89              Jovanović Darjana, 169
Gabrić-Molnar Iren, 145      Jovanović Dušan, 155
Gadţurić Slobodan, 103       Jovanović Ljiljana, 87
Gagrĉin Mladen, 15           Jovanović Ljiljana, 165
Gajić Olivera, 115           Jovanović Olga, 65
Galić Zoran, 17              Joviĉin Milovan, 41
Gavrilović Slavko, 129       Jurić Verica, 47
Gavrilović Vladan, 129       Kakaš Damir, 51
Genc Lajoš, 121              Kanaĉki Zdenko, 25
Georgijević Milosav, 69      Kapetanov Miloš, 41
Gerić Ljubomir, 63           Kapor-Stanulović Nila, 125
Gilezan Silvia, 101          Karaba Dea, 171
Glamoĉić Dragan, 47          Karadţić Branislav, 31
Gligorić Radojka, 45         Kasaš Aleksandar, 129
Govedarica Miro, 75          Katanić Dragan, 167
Grabić Stevan, 67            Katić Slobodan, 19
Grbić Jasna, 33              Katić Vladimir, 67
Grebeldinger Slobodan, 167   Kiš Tibor, 145
Grgić Ţivoslav, 39           Klašnja Bojana, 17
Grujić Nikola, 171           Klemenović Jasmina, 115
Grujić Olgica, 33            Kljajić Ranko, 39
Gudurić Branimir, 155        Kneţević-Florić Olivera, 115
Gut Imre, 91                 Kojić Danijela, 81
Guzsvány Valéria, 89         Koković Dragan, 113
Gvozdenović Jasna, 65        Kolaković SrĊan, 75
                                                                175
Koljanin Dragica, 129            Luţanin Ognjan, 53
Komazec Ljubica, 141             Majinski Nikola, 139
Komšić Jovan, 145                Maksimović Nebojša, 157
Konĉar Ranko, 123                Malešević Miroslav, 33
Konstantinidis Georgios, 167     Malinović Nedeljko, 35
Konstantinović Branko, 21        Manojlović-Nikolić Vesna, 129
Koprivšek Katarina, 169          Marić Slobodan, 141
Kormanjoš Šandor, 73             Maricki-Gadjanski Ksenija, 129
Košarĉić Slavica, 41             Marinković Branko, 27
Kostić Tatjana, 81               Marinković Dušan, 113
Kostić Vladimir, 97              Markov Slobodanka, 135
Kostović Svetlana, 115           Marković Slobodan, 83
Kovaĉev Lazar, 33                Martinov Dobrivoje, 165
Kovaĉević Duško, 129             Martinov Milan, 63
Kovaĉević Mira, 39               Mašulović Dragan, 99
Kovaĉev-Zavišić Branka, 159      Matavulj Milica, 163
Kozić Duško, 169                 Matić-Kekić Sneţana, 31
Krsmanović Branko, 157           Maticki-Sekulić Milana, 149
Krstić Borivoj, 17               Matijević Borko, 103
Krstić ĐorĊe, 19                 Medić-Stojanoska Milica, 161
Kukić Zorica, 165                Mehandţić Radojica, 35
Kutlaĉa Djuro, 127               Mesaroš Minuĉer, 83
LaĊinović ĐorĊe, 55              Meseldţija Maja, 21
Lakićević Vuksan, 139            Meši Mihal, 35
Lalošević Dušan, 43              Mészáros-Szécsényi Katalin, 87
Lalošević Vesna, 43              Mićić Dušan, 157
Latinović Slobodanka, 173        Mihajlović Biljana, 93
Latković Dragana, 33             Mihaljev Ţeljko, 39
Lazar Ţolt, 113                  Mihić Ivana, 125
Lazarević Milovan, 69            Mikalaĉki Milena, 157
Lazarević Ratko, 73              Mikavica Dejan, 129
Laţetić Bogosav, 163             Mikliĉ Vladimir, 33
Lazić Dejana, 21                 Miladinović Jegor, 29
Lazić Lazar, 83                  Milankov Vesna, 107
Lazić Sanja, 23                  Milanov Dubravka, 41
Lazić Sava, 41                   Milašinović Ljubomir, 149
Lazić Vera, 65                   Milenković Pavle, 113
Leković Boţidar, 141             Milić Dragan, 19
Leković Vaso, 165                Milićević Dragan, 67
Leovac Vukadin, 87               Miljković Ljupĉe, 83
Lević Jovanka, 73                Miloradov Milorad, 75
Liĉina Jasna, 39                 Milosavljević Branko, 75
Ljubojev Nadeţda, 139            Milošević Miodrag, 61
Lozanov-Crvenković Zagorka, 95   Milošević Mirjana, 29
Lukaĉ Damir, 171                 Milošević Niko, 25
Lukić Dejan, 61                  Milošević Vesna, 149
Lukić Svetlana, 91               Milovanović Aleksandar, 41
Lukić Tibor, 101                 Milutinović Jovana, 115
Luković Ivan, 75                 Milutinović Mladomir, 53
Lupulović Diana, 41              Mimica-Dukić Neda, 149
                                                                  176
Miokov Marica, 155                 Plavša Nada, 41
Mitić Gorana, 161                  Podunavac-Kuzmanović Sanja, 95
Mitić Igor, 161                    Polaĉek Vladimir, 41
Mitrović Slavica, 143              Popodić-Gaćeša Jelena, 171
MrĊa Dušan, 85                     Popov Stevan, 65
MrĊa Jelena, 27                    Popović Jovan, 151
Mudrinski Nebojša, 97              Porobić Vlado, 67
Muzikravić Ljubomir, 155           Potkonjak Dubravka, 39
Naumović Nada, 171                 Potkonjak Vlado, 71
Nedović Ljubo, 93                  Pralica Dejan, 119
Nikolić Boţo, 77                   Predojević Zlatica, 45
Nikolić Ratko, 45                  Pucarević Mirjana, 45
Nikolić Svetlana, 69               Pušić Ištvan, 41
Nikolić Zorica, 29                 Puškarić-Kapeler Sonja, 165
Nikolić-ĐorĊević Aleksandra, 149   Rackov Olga, 39
Novakov Tamara, 51                 Radenković Sneţana, 107
Novaković Branislava, 139          Radiĉević Radmila, 59
Novović Zdenka, 111                Radinović Miodrag, 43
Obradović Borislav, 157            Radivojević Stevan, 33
Odri Stevan, 69                    Radosav Saša, 157
Oljaĉa Milka, 115                  Radosavljević Jovanka, 159
Orlić Dušan, 39                    Radović Ivan, 15
Orlović Saša, 17                   Radulović Ifigenija, 129
Ostojić Darko, 67                  Radumilo Miloš, 165
Ostojić Gordana, 69                Radun Viktor, 127
Ostojić Jelena, 169                Rajić Milica, 13
Pajević Slobodanka, 17             Rajković Vesna, 163
Pajin Biljana, 65                  Rakić-Skoković Marija, 69
Pantelinac Pavle, 161              Ramaĉ Janko, 129
Pantović Jovanka, 101              Ramaĉ Julijan, 119
Pap Endre, 93                      Ratajac Radomir, 39
Pavkov Ivan, 31                    Reljić Dejan, 67
Pavlović Jelena, 143               Ristić Dušan, 127
Pech Maja, 99                      Ristić Milutin, 73
Pejin Dušanka, 65                  Rokai Peter, 129
Pejin Jelena, 33                   Roknić Sanja, 69
Penezić Nenad, 143                 Romanić Ranko, 33
Perić Lidija, 25                   Ronĉević Savo, 17
Perišić–Janjić Nada, 95            Ruţić Vladislava, 117
Petriĉević Petar, 165              Sabo Ana, 151
Petrovaĉki Ljiljana, 117           Sajfert Vjekoslav, 63
Petrović Jelena, 39                Sakaĉ Marijana, 73
Petrović Jelica, 125               Salma Joţef, 121
Petrović Ljiljana, 73              Salvai Atila, 13
Petrović Tamaš, 41                 Samardţić Momir, 129
Petrović-Gegić Anita, 77           Samojlik Isidora, 149
Petrov-Kiurski Miloranka, 165      Šarić Marija, 65
Pilipović Andrej, 17               Savić Andrea, 143
Planĉak Miroslav, 53               Savić Radovan, 13
Plavša Jovan, 83                   Savić-JevĊenić Sara, 39
                                                                    177
Savin Lazar, 45                      Svetlik Adam, 131
Savković Tatjana, 73                 Takaĉ Marta, 93
Šćepanović Ivan, 127                 Takaĉi Aleksandar, 93
Sedlak Otilija, 145                  Tamaš Julijan, 121
Sedlar Aleksandar, 37                Tanackov Ilija, 153
Šefĉić ĐerĊ, 63                      Tanović Gavrilo, 65
Semnic Robert, 169                   Taški-Ajduković Ksenija, 29
Šešelja Branimir, 99                 Tepavĉević Andreja, 99
Šiljegović Mirjana, 91               Tepić Aleksandra, 57
Šimak Marina, 131                    Tešić Miloš, 63
Šimić Smiljka, 107                   Tir MIhal, 131
Simikić Mirko, 45                    Tirova Zuzana, 131
Simin Nataša, 149                    Todić Velimir, 61
Šimunović-Bešlin Biljana, 129        Todorović-Đilas Ljiljana, 159
Skakun Plavka, 53                    Tojagić Slobodan, 57
Škorić Branko, 51                    Tomić Josif, 71
Škorić Marko, 113                    Tomić Milan, 45
Škorić Mićo, 13                      Tomić Slavica, 141
Skuban Fedor, 91                     Tomić Zdenko, 151
Sladoje Nataša, 101                  Tomović Vladimir, 73
Slivka Jaroslav, 85                  Tošić Bratislav, 63
Sokolovska Valentina, 113            Tovilović Sneţana, 111
Šoronja-Simović Dragana, 73          Tripković Gordana, 113
Spasojević Ljubica, 43               Tripković Milan, 113
SrĊević Bojan, 13                    Trivić Nada, 141
SrĊević Zorica, 13                   Tumbas Pere, 145
Sredanović Slavica, 73               Tumbas Vesna, 57
Šrek Andrija, 153                    Tumin Miodrag, 157
Štajner Ivana, 93                    Turan Jan, 37
Stanĉić Blagoje, 15                  Turk Maja, 105
Stanić Bojana, 107                   Ušćebrka Gordana, 25
Stanković Fuada, 135                 Utaši Ĉila, 133
Stankovski Stevan, 69                Valić-Nedeljkov Dubravka, 119
Stanojev Igor, 39                    Valihora Jozef, 131
Stefanović Mirjana, 119              Varga Jan, 167
Stefanović-Saravolac Svetlana, 153   Varga Siniša, 139
Stepanov Radivoj, 113                Vasić Goran, 157
Stević Miodrag, 61                   Vasić Milinko, 75
Stoiljković ragoslav, 59             Vasić Vera, 117
Stojadinović Miodrag, 69             Vasić Veran, 67
Stojaković Miroslav, 33              Vasić Vesna, 65
Stojanović Dragica, 39               Vasiljević Sanja, 19
Stojanović Slobodanka, 21            Vastag ĐenĊi, 95
Stojiljković Dragica, 13             Vekić Marko, 67
Stojšin Vera, 23                     Velhner Maja, 41
Štrbac Goran, 91                     Velisavljev-Filipović Gordana, 153
Strugar Vladimir, 25                 Veselinov Branislav, 37
Subotić Ljiljana, 117                Vesković Miroslav, 85
Supić Novica, 145                    Vidaković Milan, 75
Suvajdţić Ljiljana, 149              Vidić Branka, 39
                                                                          178
Vidicki Predrag, 143               Vukelić ĐorĊe, 61
Vilotić Dragiša, 53                Vukmirović Saša, 151
Vlaški Jovan, 167                  Vuković Zoran, 33
Vojinović-Ješić Ljiljana, 87       Ţdrale Zdravko, 165
Vojinović-Miloradov Mirjana, 105   Zeković Zoran, 57
Vojnović Jelena, 117               Ţikić Dragan, 25
Vraĉar Ljubo, 57                   Ţikić Zoran, 173
Vraneš Milan, 103                  Ţivkov-Baloš Milica, 39
Vujaković Milka, 29                Ţivković Dragoljub, 123
Vujić Ante, 107                    Zoranović Miodrag, 71
Vujić Goran, 75                    Zotović Marija, 125
Vujiĉić Biserka, 57                Zsigrai István, 103
Vujković Ivan, 141                 Zuković Sladjana, 115




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posted:11/10/2011
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