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IGNOU Question Papers June/December 2006

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									                     MASTER OF ARTS
                   (RURAL DEVELOPMENT)
                     T€rrn:,EndExamination
                        December, 2OO6


             ulRD'101: RURALDEVELOPMENT
                                      :
                    INDIANCONTEXT
Time : 3 hours
                                                Ma,ximumMqrks: 100

Note :

     (i)     Atternpt aII the fiue questions.
     (ii)    All questionscarry equar mqrks.
     (iii)   Answer to questions no. 1     /and2 should    not
             exceed 800 words eqch,


1'   What are the basic characteristics Agriculture
                                      of            ? Discuss
     the main trends in Agricultural Growth
                                             in India since
     Independence.
                                                                 20
                                OR

     Explain the main types of Rural Development
                                                Strategies.




MRD-101
                                                           P.T.O.
                 .                 important aspects of "Green
?. r,DarmUq in brief, the                                                                                                          qn
                                                                                                                                   &.V
     Revoluiionin India.
                      '            -       'T
                    ni:,,,;,;li ,r
                        ,i ,iil       :ii _;frq;,'i t'fji
                                                ,4',




                                                               i" , i,^i;',,
S.    Answer any ti,i'"' ff                                                          the following questions in about
      400 words each :
                                   tthe i r,nui6i
      (i)             f*,pfaiiii I
                                                                                                                                    70
                                                                                                                                   -,i ',
                                                                                                                                   '"r0
                                                                                                                                    .,,"1r :


      (iii) Discuss in brief, the main features of
                                               i                                                                                     70
            develoPment Sri'Lanka.
                       in


 4.       Answer any four of the following in
                                            .
          each :




                                                                   '.''
          6i,)"" pou"b                                    EradicationProgramme in Malaysia                                     I




 .'''.'
          (iv) Naxalbari Movement                                                                 , 'l:r'
                                                                                                          "r




          (v)
          - , . , t , ;
                              Meaning and Principlesof Co-operatio,f,, ,:,
                              r ; ; . . 1
                                                                     ,,                                        j
                          l                               . ; ; , '   . , . . . ' , - . . .   - : ' . .                  : '
                                            . i , ' . ,                                                            " "




          (vi)                Objectives and Functions of Communication




       01
  [nRD-1
s.    Write short notes on any fiue of the following in about
      100 words'each  :

       (i)    Marxist Concept of Development                     4

       (ii)   IntegratedRural Development                        4

       (iii) Jajmani SYstem                                      4

       (iv) Incidenceof AgriculturalLabour                       4

       (v)    Bhoodan and Gramdan                                 4

       (vi) Security of Tenure                                    4

       (vii) L.M. Singhvi Committee                               4

                          Women's Association(SEWA)
       (viii) Self-Employed                                       4




     MRD-1O1                                                    3,000
        \   l




:.-,.
                                           MASTER..OFARTS
                                         (RUBAL DEVELOPMENT)
                                       '' Term-End Examination :

                , , :                          December, 2006.              :


                           MRD.1u? RURALDEVELOPMENT
                                  :
                                  PROGRAMMES

Time : S hours                                 '   I                   Maximum,Marks 700
                                                                                    :


Note
     (i)'
       l r l

                           Attempt, o'll the fiue questions.
                           A   r   .     .   t a       . l   ? t




     (ii)                  AII questionscarry equal ma,rks,
     (iii) Answer ,t,o questi?ns,,''fo, and ?, sho,uld
                                      ,I             ,not
           €xc€€;d800wordseach,.            ,.; l    i;l
       t       , , ,



l.   How is Joint Forest Managementdifferent,,from,.social
     Forestry? Discussthe role of Panchayati
                                           Raj Institutionsin
     Joint ForestManagement.                                                          20
                       l       .




MRD-10:2                                                           1               P',T,.,O.
2.   Discusbin:brief important featuresof main loan schemesof
     RashtriyaMahila Kosh.                                                   2A
                                      OR
     Examine the role of financial institutions in                   rural
     developmentwith specialemphasison NABARD.

3.   Answer any two of the followihg in about 400 words
            I
     eacn :

     (i)        Explain in brief the policy and strategy of the Swajal
                Project.                                                     10
      (ii) Discuss in brief important features of Employrnent
          ' '
              Assurance Scheme and its impact,,: "9'n. f,}rra|
                                                            .
              development.                                                   10
     "tiii) Discuss in, brief the role of Panchayats;              *
                                                        dod other
                                                    SurarnaJayanti
              institutions in the implementation,,bf,,
                                                                             1r)
                Gram SwarozgarYojana.                                        I L




4.   Write short notes on any four of the following'in about
                                                  ; I
     200 words each i
     (i)        Important features of Rural Employrnent Generation :
                Programme.                                           5
                                                         '   l
                           '   r
                                                                 l



     (ii)  Managementstructure f Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.                            5
                                                   :
     (iii) Implementationof Prime Minister's Rozgar:
                                                   Yoiana.                         5

     (iv) Salient features of Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya
          'Yojana,

     (v)        Important featuresof Minimum Needs::Prograffime,' 5
     (vi) Evolution of Health Care Servicesin India.                               5


MRD-1
    02                                 2
S.   Write short notes on any fiue of the following in about
     100 words each :
     (i)    Public Distribution SYstem
     (ii)   Provision of subsidy in       Swarnjayanti Gram
            SwarozgarYojana (SGSY)
     (iii) District Prime Minister's Rozgar Yojana (PMRY)
            Committee                                              4

     (iv) National Literacy Mission                                4

     (v)    Main features of Development of women          and
            Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA)
     (vi) Implementation of the National Social Assistance
          Programme(NSAP)
     (vii) Role    of   scie nc:e and    Technology   in   rural
            developrnent                                           4




     02
 MRD-1                                                           3,000
 l,
 1 1 ,




r:tji:J.l:
                          MASTER,,OFARTS
                                                         W
          , ,,       , (RUlry DEVELOPMENT)
                        Term-End Examinatioh




                 MRD-103 RURALDEVELOPMENT
                        :
                  PLANNINGAND MANAGEMENT

  Time : 3 hours


  Note     3
         ; . ,



         (ii)    All',questionq,corrry,,equglmar.ks.,,,::, i:       i
                                                                :

         (iii)   Answer to   questions no. 1   qnd 2 sho uld' not
                 exceed 800 urords eqch.




l'..




  MRD-103                                                       P,T.O.
2 . .Why is registration of a voluntary organisation needed ?
     Describethe processof its registration.                                        20
                   .:
                            't.

                                  ,



     What do you mean by Social Action ? Describe different
     strategiesof Social Action.

3.   Answer any two of the following in about 400 words
     each :
     (i)     Describethe ,ffi€oningang scgpe of Grassrqts Level
             Planning;at,Villagelevel.     : :       ,'
                                                        ,,      10
     (ii)    What do you understandby Financial Feasibilityol u

             Feasibility.                                                          , 1 A
                                                                                   ' ; r
     (iii) How    are Voluntary Organisations di{ferent fiom
       ,                     Organisations Elaborate.
             Non-Governmental.            ?                 '; 70


4.   Answer any four of the following in about 200 words
     each

     (i)     Annual Plans
                                                           ' ' -""
                                                                 ';'''t''"''t;i'r'r.i*-'i"iru
     (ii)'   Diffbrehcur' b"t ^, eei Adminisiration "urrd''1
             Management                                                        ,      c
                                                                                      F




     (iii) Initiativesof CAPART in DisasterMitigation , , , ,' ,                     5
     (iv) Role of Government, in promotion of Voluntary
          Effort                                                                     5
     (v)     Role of Readership in working with Community
             Groups
     (vi) Limitations of NGOs

MRD-1
    03
5 . write short notes on any fiue of the following in about
    100 words each :
    (i)    Area DevelopmentApProach                             4

    (ii)   Natlonal DevelopmentCouncil                          4

    (iii) FinancialRate of Return                               4

    (iv) Concurrent and Terminal Evaluation                     4

    (v)    District Planning Committees                         4

    (vi) InternationalFunding of CAPART                         4

    (vii) Budgetingand Audit of VOs                             4

    (viii) Mahila Mukti Morcha -    Dalli Rajhara               4




     03
 MRD-1                                                        3,000
                     *#tilEEB[ffi',
                     Term-End Examination
                                          '
                        December, 2006

                             METHODS
             MRD-004: RESEARCH      lN
                 RURALDEVELOPMENT

Time : 3 hours                                Maximum Marks ; 100

Note :
     (i)     Attempt oll the fiue questions.
     (ii)    Atl questions carry equal marks.
     (tii)                                1 and 2 shoutd not
             ::::7    r'io'::::,'::,;'

               'research' ? Explain in brief various aspects of  ('
1.   What is
     scientificapproach to research.                            20
                                    OR
     How will you prepar a researchproposal ?
                       e

2.   What is phenomenology Describe
                            ?      the phenomenological
     appioach in socialresearch.                        20
                                     OR
     What,do' you understand, descriptiveresearch? Discuss
                            by
     the main elementsof descriptiveresearch.


MRD-OO4                                                      P.T.O.
                                                  \


3.   Answer any two of the following questions in about
     400'words each :
                      \
     (i) Define sampling,andbriefly describethe classification
         of non-probability
                          sampling.                            1.0

     (ii)   Describequestionnaire a tool of data collection in
                                 as
            rural development
                            .                                      70

     (iii) What do you understand i'sampling distributionof
                                 by
           mgans" ?                                                1A
     (iv) Explain in brief the conceptsof univariate,bivariate
          and trivariate analysisof qualitativedata.           1A

4.   Answer any four      of ,the following questions in, aboqt
     200 words each

     (i)    Briefly describe some of the reviews of research
            studiesconductedon IRDP.

     (ii)   Differentiatebetweendeclarativehypothesisand null
     ,      hypothesis.                                    ,        5

     (iii) Write in brief any two approachesof critical social
           research.

     (iv) What do you understandby stratified sampling ?           5

     (v)  What are the rules to be follori'ed in order to elicit
          effective responsefrom an intervi ewee?                  5
                                              \
     (vi) Distinguishbetween a code book and a master chart.       5



MRD-OO4
5.   Write short notes on any fiue of the following in about
     100 words each :
     (i)    Characteristics research
                          of                                   4
     (ii)   Steps in testing hypothesis                        4
     (iii) Empiricalenquiry                                    4
     (iv) Time seriesdesign                                    4
     (v)    Numericalscales               ,                    4
     (vi) Participant and non-participantobservation           4
     (vii) Parametricand non-parametric
                                      observations             4
     (viii) Differentiatebetweenmean and median                4




MRD-OO4                                                    3,000

								
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