VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 82 POSTED ON: 11/10/2011
2nd Semester Exam Review 2010 What is the most abundant gas in the air we breath? A. oxygen B. nitrogen C. hydrogen D. carbon dioxide Answer: B The major source of oxygen for the Earth’s atmosphere is A. sea water B. the sun C. plants D. animals Answer: C The bottom layer of the atmosphere, where almost all weather occurs is the A. stratosphere B. troposphere C. thermosphere D. mesosphere Answer: B About ____ percent of the solar energy that reaches the outer atmosphere is absorbed at the Earth’s surface. A. 20 B. 30 C. 50 D. 70 Answer: C The ozone layer is located in the A. stratosphere B. troposphere C. thermosphere D. mesosphere Answer: A How does the thermal energy in the atmosphere move? A. conduction B. convection C. advection D. radiation Answer: B The balance between incoming radiation and outgoing heat energy is called A. convection B. conduction C. greenhouse effect D. radiation balance Answer: D Wind occurs because air tends to move from regions of higher to lower A. latitude B. pressure C. nitrogen levels D. humidity Answer: B As _______ increases, air pressure decreases. A. altitude B. radiation C. water vapor D. pollution Answer: A An increase in greenhouse effect would cause A. acid precipitation B. conduction C. convection D. global warming Answer: D As you move upward through the atmosphere, the temperature A. increases B. decreases C. stays the same D. varies Answer: D The Earth’s atmosphere is divided into four layers based on A. pressure changes B. altitude C. temperature changes D. the oxygen levels present Answer: C Which atmospheric layer is the densest? A. stratosphere B. troposphere C. mesosphere D. thermosphere Answer: B A high temperature means that A. particles are compacted together B. particles are moving very fast C. particles are moving very slowly D. particles cannot move Answer: B The _____ is the lowest layer of the atmosphere. A. troposphere B. stratosphere C. mesosphere D. ionosphere Answer: A The uppermost atmospheric layer A. troposphere B. stratosphere C. mesosphere D. thermosphere Answer: D Compared to the poles, the air at the equator is warmer and A. less dense, creating an area of high pressure as it rises B. less dense, crating an area of low pressure as it rises C. more dense, creating an area of low pressure as it rises D. more dense, creating an area of high pressure as it rises Answer: B The narrow belts of high-speed winds that blow in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere are known as A. trade winds B. westerlies C. polar easterlies D. jet streams Answer: D The Earth receives energy from the sun in the form of A. ozone B. radiation C. nitrogen D. carbon dioxide Answer: B When radiation reaches the Earth’s atmosphere, about 25 percent of it is A. reflected by the Earths surface B. absorbed by the Earth’s surface C. reflected by clouds and air D. absorbed by ozone, clouds, and air Answer: C When radiation reaches the Earth’s surface, about 5 percent of it is A. reflected by the Earth’s surface B. absorbed by the Earth’s surface C. reflected by clouds, ozone, and air D. absorbed by ozone, clouds, and air Answer: A When radiation reaches the Earth’s atmosphere, about 20 percent of it is A. reflected by Earth’s surface B. absorbed by Earth’s surface C. reflected by clouds and air Answer: D D. absorbed by ozone, clouds, and air Which of the following substances allows solar energy to pass through it but traps heat A. wood B. metal C. glass Answer: C D. cement The process of liquid water changing to gas is called A. precipitation B. condensation C. evaporation D. water vapor Answer: C What is the relative humidity of air at its dew-point temperature? A. 0 percent B. 50 percent C. 75 percent D. 100 percent Answer: D Which of the following is NOT a type of condensation? A. fog B. cloud C. snow D. dew Answer: C High clouds made of ice crystals are called ______ clouds A. stratus B. cumulus C. nimbostratus D. cirrus Answer: D Large thunderhead clouds that produce precipitation are called _____ clouds. A. nimbostratus B. cumulonimbus C. cumulus D. stratus Answer: B A severe storm that forms as a rapidly rotating funnel cloud is called a A. hurricane B. tornado C. typhoon D. thunderstorm Answer: B The lines on a weather map connecting points of equal atmospheric pressure are called A. contour lines B. highs C. isobars D. lows Answer: C Airs ability to hold water vapor increases a _____ increases. A. wind speed B. temperature C. air pressure D. all of the above Answer: B Lightning is seen before thunder is heard because A. storm winds slow down the sound waves B. sound is created slowly C. light travels faster than sound D. ice crystals in clouds absorb soundsAnswer: C The illustration above is of the A. water cycle B. carbon cycle C. nitrogen cycle Answer: A D. greenhouse effect What process occurs at A? A. precipitation B. condensation C. evaporation D. transpiration Answer: B What process occurs at B? A. precipitation B. evaporation C. runoff D. transpiration Answer: A What process occurs at C? A. condensation B. precipitation C. runoff D. transpiration Answer: D What process occurs at D? A. transpiration B. precipitation C. runoff D. condensation Answer: C What process occurs at E? A. runoff B. precipitation C. evaporation D. condensation Answer: C ______ occurs when rain, snow, sleet, or hail falls from the clouds onto the Earth’s surface A. Precipitation B. Condensation C. Evaporation D. Transpiration Answer: A Clouds are formed by A. evaporation B. precipitation C. transpiration D. condensation Answer: D ______ occurs when water vapor cools and changes back into liquid droplets. A. Evaporation B. Condensation C. Transpiration Answer: B D. Runoff _______ occurs when liquid water changes into water vapor. A. Condensation B. Transpiration C. Evaporation D. Precipitation Answer: C _______ is the amount of moisture the air contains compared with the maximum amount it can hold at a particular temperature. A. Weather B. Humidity C. Relative humidity D. Dew point Answer: C Which device measures relative humidity? A. anamometer B. barometer C. psychrometer Answer: C D. thermometer Clouds that form in layers are called A. stratus clouds B. nimbus clouds C. cumulus clouds D. cirrus clouds Answer: A Thin, feathery, white clouds found at high altitude are called A. stratus clouds B. nimbus clouds C. cumulus clouds D. cirrus clouds Answer: D Which device is used to measure air temperature? A. barometer B. anemometer C. thermometer D. windsock or wind vane Answer: C Which device is used to measure air pressure? A. barometer B. thermometer C. anemometer Answer: A D. windsock or wind vane The device used to measure wind speed A. thermometer B. anemometer C. barometer D. windsock or wind vane Answer: B The device used to measure wind direction A. barometer B. anemometer C. thermometer D. windsock or wind vane Answer: D The length of a day is based on A. the Earth orbiting the sun. B. the rotation of the Earth on its axis C. the moon orbiting the Earth D. the rotation of the moon on its axis Answer: B Astronomers divide the sky into A. galaxies B. constellations C. zeniths D. phases Answer: B Circumpolar stars can be seen all night long during the entire year because they are A. the brightest stars B. above the Earth’s axis C. magnetically polar D. circular in appearance Answer: B Which of these would be shorter if Earth rotated faster? A. years B. months C. weeks D. days Answer: D The time required for the Earth to orbit the sun once is called a A. day B. week C. month Answer: D D. year A _____ is roughly the amount of time required for the moon to orbit the Earth once. A. day B. week C. month Answer: C D. year The longest day of the year occurs on the day of the A. vernal equinox B. autumnal equinox C. summer solstice D. winter solstice Answer: C The point at which the sun appears on the first day of spring is called the A. winter solstice B. summer solstice C. vernal equinox D. autumnal equinox Answer: C Which telescope uses a set of lenses to gather and focus light? A. refracting telescope B. reflecting telescope C. diffracting telescope Answer: A D. compound telescope Impacts on the early solar system A. brought new materials to the planets B. released energy C. dug craters D. all of the above Answer: D Which type of planet will have higher overall density? A. one that forms close to the sun B. one that forms far from the sun Answer: A Which of the following planets has the shortest period of revolution? A. Pluto B. Earth C. Mercury Answer: C D. Jupiter Which gas in Earth’s atmosphere tells us there is life on Earth? A.hydrogen B. oxygen C. carbon dioxide D. nitrogen Answer: B Which layer of the Earth has the lowest density? A. the core B. the mantle C. the crust Answer: C What is the term for the speed of gas molecules? A. temperature B. pressure C. gravity D. force Answer: A Which statement best describes gravity? A. gravity is weaker when objects are close together B. gravity is stronger when objects are far apart C. gravity is stronger when objects are close together D. Distance between objects does not affect the force of gravity Answer: C Which of the following is NOT a gas giant planet? A. Earth B. Jupiter C. Saturn D. Uranus Answer: A The spinning of a planet on its axis is called A. an orbit B. a revolution C. a rotation D. circling Answer: C The path that a planet takes while traveling around the sun is called A. an orbit B. a rotation C. a revolution Answer: A D. circling The motion of a planet traveling around the sun is called A. an orbit B. a revolution C. a rotation Answer: B D. circling One astronomical unit (AU) is A. 150 million kilometers B. the average distance between the Earth and the sun C. the semimajor axis of any eclipse D.Both (A) and (B) Answer: D The sun’s energy is produced in the A. radiative zone B. convective zone C. corona D. core Answer: D The number of _____ are what give an atom its chemical identity. A. nuclei B. neutrons C. nuclei and neutrons Answer: D D. protons and electrons The ______ is the center layer of the Earth. A. mantle B. crust C. skin D. core Answer: D The ____ is the middle layer of the Earth A. crust B. mantle C. skin D. core Answer: B Today, Earth’s atmosphere is composed mostly of A. hydrogen B. oxygen C. nitrogen D. argon Answer: C Scientists believe that the surface of the Earth was ______ when is first formed. A. molten rock B. solid rock C. oceans of wateA Answer: A D. solid ice Which property of the different types of rocks forming the Earth allowed for the continents to form? A. mass B. volume C. density Answer: C D. temperature Which of the following is illustrated by arrow A? A. orbit B. revolution C. rotation D. period of rotation Answer: C Which of the following is illustrated by arrow C? A. orbit B. revolution C. rotation D. period of rotation Answer: B The End & Good Luck!
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