Total_English_Upper intermediate_Wordlist_Dutch by bboaIUw

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Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation               Nederlands                                           Example sentences
Do You Know?
according to                           /@'kO:dIÎ t@, tU/           volgens                                              According to our records she hasn't paid her bill.
conduct (sth)                          /k@n'dökt/                  (iets) uitvoeren; ook: dirigeren                     His ambition is to conduct the London Symphony Orchestra.
experiment                             /Ik'sper@m@nt/              experiment                                           The scientist carried out a series of experiments.
absolute                               /'{bs@lu:t/                 absoluut                                             There was absolute silence in the hall.
subjects                               /'söbdZIkts/                proefpersonen; ook: vakken                           Students have to study five core subjects.
newborn                                /'nju:bO:n/                 pasgeboren                                           The nurse placed the newborn baby in his mother's arms.
shepherd                               /'Sep@d/                    schaapherder                                         The shepherd and his dog set out to round up the sheep.
be brought up                          /bi "brO:t 'öp/             grootgebracht worden                                 My sister and I were brought up in an orphanage.
isolation                              /"aIs@'leIS@n/              afzondering                                          The island's geographical isolation suited his needs perfectly.
in (sb's) presence                     /"In sömb@diz 'prez@ns/     in (iemands) aanwezigheid                            One was not allowed to speak in her presence unless she spoke first.
was identified                         /w@z aI'dentIfaId/          werd herkend                                         He was identified as the burglar by an eyewitness.
deduced                                /dI'dju:st/                 leidde af                                            From the look on his face she deduced it was bad news.
conclusion                             /k@n'klu:Z@n/               conclusie                                            I've come to the conclusion that she's lying.
commentator                            /'kÁm@nteIt@/               commentator                                          The sports commentator kept mispronouncing the players' names.
infant                                 /'Inf@nt/                   jong kind                                            An infant's skin is very sensitive.
were imitating                         /w@ 'Im@teItIÎ/             imiteerden                                           The children were imitating the teacher's mannerisms.
souvenir                               /"su:v@'nI@, 'su:v@nI@/     souvenir                                             We always bring back souvenirs to remind us of our holidays.
application form                       /"{plI'keIS@n fO:m/         sollicitatieformulier                                Jack signed an application form to join the police force.
sense of humour                        /"sens @v 'hju:m@/          gevoel voor humor                                    We had the same sense of humour and were instantly attracted to each other.
take up sth                            /"teIk 'öp "sömTIÎ/         met iets beginnen                                    Lynne has taken up karate as a means of self-defence.
be promoted                            /bi pr@'m@UtId/             bevorderd worden                                     David was an outstanding salesman and was soon promoted to Sales Manager.
father-in-law                          /'fA:D@r In "lO:/           schoonvader                                          I get on better with my father-in-law than I do with my own dad.
Unit 1
be connected                           /bi k@'nektId/              in relatie staan; ook: aangesloten zijn              My computer is connected to the internet.
step-sister                            /'step "sIst@/              stiefzus                                             Carl's step-sister is ten years older than him.
half-sister                            /'hA:f "sIst@/              halfzus                                              Sarah is my half-sister because we have the same mother but different fathers.
colleague                              /'kÁli:g/                   collega                                              My colleagues at the bank bought me a wedding present.
acquaintance                           /@'kweInt@ns/               kennis                                               She was a casual acquaintance of the family.
soulmate                               /'s@UlmeIt/                 zielsverwant                                         She not just my wife, she's my soulmate.
close friend                           /"kl@Us 'frend/             boezemvriend(in)                                     They've been close friends since primary school.
partner                                /'pA:tn@/                   partner                                              She lives with her partner Tom.
(we) just clicked                      / wi "dZöst 'klIkt/         het klikte gewoon (tussen ons)                       I can't explain it, but from the moment we met we just clicked!
have (a lot) in common                 /h{v @ "lÁt In 'kÁm@n/      (veel) gemeen hebben                                 They're both very sporty and have a lot in common.
see eye to eye                         /"si: aI tU 'aI/            met elkaar overweg kunnen                            My mum and I don't always see eye to eye about the clothes I wear.
(be) on the same wavelength (as sb)    /Án D@ "seIm 'weIvleÎT/     op dezelfde golflengte zitten (als iemand)           When it comes to how late I can stay out, I'm definitely not on the same wavelength as my parents!
keep in touch                          /"ki:p In 'tötS/            contact houden                                       My best friend has emigrated to Australia but we're going to keep in touch by e-mail.
passion                                /'p{S@n/                    passie                                               His eyes were burning with passion.
trust                                  /tröst/                     vertrouwen                                           I don't trust her at all.
lie                                    /laI/                       liegen                                               I would never lie to you.
feel down                              /"fi:l 'daUn/               neerslachtig zijn                                    When I'm feeling down I ring Sam, as he can always cheer me up.
definitely                             /'defIn@tli/                beslist                                              That's definitely true.
look out for sb                        /lUk 'aUt f@ "sömb@di/      er voor iemand zijn; ook: naar iemand op zoek zijn   The police are looking out for an escaped prisoner.
loyal                                  /'lOI@l/                    trouw                                                He's always been a loyal friend and I'd trust him with my life.
miserable                              /'mIz@r@b@l/                belabberd                                            I felt miserable when I couldn't get a ticket for the match.
convenient                             /k@n'vi:ni@nt/              geschikt                                             Would 10:30 be a convenient time to meet?
be on sb.'s side                       /"bi: Án sömb@diz 'saId/    aan iemands kant staan                               I thought I could count on him to be on my side, but I was wrong!
fall out with sb                       /"fO:l 'aUt wID "sömb@di/   ruzie hebben met iemand                              She's fallen out with her boyfriend.
make an apology                        /"meIk @n @'pÁl@dZi/        excuses aanbieden                                    He made an apology for keeping her waiting.
enclosed with                          /In'kl@Uzd wID, wIT/        bijgesloten bij                                      A gift voucher was enclosed with the card.

                                                                                                      Page 1 of 31
                                                                                                                                                                                          Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                     Nederlands                                      Example sentences
sales figures                          /'seIlz "fIg@z/                     verkoopcijfers                                The end-of-year sales figures were up, and the staff got a bonus.
fancy (lunch)?                         /'f{nsi/                            zin hebben in (lunch)                         Suzi rang and asked if I'd fancy meeting her for lunch.
pick up                                /"pIk 'öp/                          ophalen, oppakken                             He picked up the letter and read it.
dry cleaner's                          /"draI 'kli:n@z/                    stomerij                                      Dad dropped off his suit at the dry cleaner's.
abbreviated                            /@'bri:vieItId/                     afgekort                                      Orders were passed to the commander in an abbreviated form.
hold on to                             /"h@Uld 'Án t@, tU/                 vasthouden                                    The soldiers held on to the bridge for three more days.
strategies                             /'str{t@dZiz/                       strategieën                                   We had tried several sales strategies but nothing seemed to be working.
target                                 /'tA:gIt/                           doel                                          Airports are prime targets for terrorist attacks.
punctuality                            /"pöÎktSu'{l@ti/                    stiptheid                                     He's a good worker, but punctuality is not one of his strong points.
juggling                               /'dZög@lIÎ/                         jongleren                                     Juggling takes a lot of patience and good co-ordination.
public audience                        /"pöblIk 'O:di@ns/                  publiek                                       She first performed before a public audience when she was three!
juggle several tasks at once           /"dZög@l sev@r@l "tA:sks @t 'wöns/  meerdere dingen tegelijk doen                 "Multi-tasking" means you are juggling several tasks at once.
get your hands on sth                  /"get j@ 'h{ndz Án "sömTIÎ/         iets te pakken krijgen                        I'd like to get my hands on the person who stole my car!
put your mind to sth                   /"pUt j@ 'maInd t@ "sömTIÎ/         je concentreren op iets                       I'm sure it won't take long to do your homework once you put your mind to it.
big family man                         /"bIg 'f{m@li m{n/                  echte huisvader                               Mike's a big family man and always puts his wife and kids before his work.
be only too happy about sth            /bi "@Unli tu: 'h{pi @baUt "sömTIÎ/ iets helemaal geweldig vinden                 He was only too happy about being asked to become a school governor.
go from strength to strength                                               steeds
                                       /"g@U fr@m "streÎT t@ 'streÎT, strenT/ beter worden                               Once she got the hang of it, she went from strength to strength.
pick up on sth                         /"pIk 'öp Án "sömTIÎ/               iets oppakken                                 He said he was happy, but I picked up on something in the tone of his voice.
only child                             /"@Unli 'tSaIld/                    enig kind                                     Sadie is an only child – she has no brothers or sisters.
advice                                 /@d'vaIs/                           advies                                        When she was pregnant she bought a book full of advice on babycare.
consequences                           /'kÁnsIkw@nsIz/                     gevolgen                                      The government seem unaware of the environmental consequences of road building.
cope with                              /'k@Up wID, wIT/                    het hoofd bieden aan                           I can't imagine how she manages to cope with triplets!
contradict                             /"kÁntr@'dIkt/                      tegenspreken                                  The article flatly contradicts their claims.
research                               /rI'sÆ:tS/                          onderzoek                                     The scientist was engaged in cancer research.
researcher                             /rI'sÆ:tS@/                         onderzoeker                                   The researcher could find no evidence to back up his theory.
occupation                             /"Ákj@'peIS@n/                      beroep                                        Please state your name and occupation.
birth order                            /'bÆ:T "O:d@/                       plaats in het gezin                           Li has two older brothers, so she is third in birth order in her family.
intellectual                           /"Int@'lektSu@l/                    intellectueel                                 He's not very sporty, his interests are mainly intellectual.
cognitive                              /'kÁgnItIv/                         cognitief                                     Cognitive psychology is one of my options for next year.
pursuit                                /p@'sju:t/                          werkzaamheid; ook: achtervolging              There were four police cars in hot pursuit.
influence                              /'Influ@ns/                         beïnvloeden                                   His advice strongly influenced my decision.
co-author                              /"k@U 'O:T@/                        coauteur                                      Bernstein and Woodward were co-authors of "All The President's Men".
place (a) demand                       /"pleIs @ dI'mA:nd/                 (een) eis stellen                             Work is placing too many demands on my time these days.
expectation                            /"ekspek'teIS@n/                    verwachting                                   Contrary to expectations, she failed her exams.
be protective of                       /bi pr@'tektIv @v, Áv/              beschermend zijn jegens                       The older brother is very protective of his young sister.
sibling                                /'sIblIÎ/                           broer/zus                                     Most young smokers are influenced by their friends' and older siblings' smoking habits.
downside                               /'daUnsaId/                         nadeel                                        The downside of the plan is the cost.
jealousy                               /'dZel@si/                          jaloezie                                      She felt a stab of jealousy when he spoke to her friend.
subsequent                             /'söbsIkw@nt/                       navolgend                                     These skills were passed on to subsequent generations.
outlook on life                        /"aUtlUk Án 'laIf/                  kijk op het leven                             He had a very positive outlook on life.
achieving                              /@'tSi:vIÎ/                         behalen                                       I didn't feel I was achieving my full potential.
recognition                            /"rek@g'nIS@n/                      erkenning                                     Today, there is a growing recognition of the problems of homelessness.
significantly                          /sIg'nIfIk@ntli/                    aanzienlijk                                   Health problems can be significantly reduced by careful diet.
risk-taking                            /'rIsk "teIkIÎ/                     bereid risico's te nemen                      She was addicted to risk-taking, and never used the safe way of doing things.
concern                                /k@n'sÆ:n/                          zorgen baren                                  What we're planning doesn't concern you.
stifling                               /'staIflIÎ/                         verstikkend                                   The sun beat down mercilessly and it was difficult to breathe in the stifling heat.
frustrating                            /frö'streItIÎ/                      frustrerend                                   My first scuba-diving lesson was a frustrating experience.
be taken seriously                     /bi "teIk@n 'sI@ri@sli/             serieus genomen worden                        Just because I'm the youngest, I'm never taken seriously around here!
be treated                             /bi 'tri:tId/                       behandeld worden                              Grandmother was always treated with great respect.
rebellious                             /rI'belj@s/                         opstandig                                     Teenagers are at a rebellious age.

                                                                                                          Page 2 of 31
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Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                 Nederlands                                        Example sentences
streak                                 /stri:k/                      trek; ook: streep                                 Dad has a few grey streaks in his hair.
be fed up with                         /bi "fed 'öp wID, wIT/        iets zat zijn                                     I was fed up with always being ignored.
be bossed about                        /bi "bÁst @'baUt/             gecommandeerd worden                              She didn't like being bossed about.
issue                                  /'ISu:, 'Isju:/               probleem                                          This is a very important political issue.
syndrome                               /'sIndr@Um/                   syndroom                                          He suffered from irritable bowel syndrome.
sandwiched                             /'s{nwIdZd/                   klem zitten (tussen twee dingen)                  The car was sandwiched between two vans.
rights                                 /raIts/                       rechten                                           The country had an abysmal record on human rights.
privilege                              /'prIv@lIdZ/                  voorrecht                                         Leisure travel used to be a privilege for the rich.
spoilt child                           /"spOIlt 'tSaIld/             verwend kind                                      She always gets her own way and is a thoroughly spoilt child.
contribute to sth                      /k@n'trIbju:t t@ "sömTIÎ/     bijdragen aan iets                                The fall of the stock market contributed to his bankruptcy.
negotiator                             /nI'g@USieIt@/                onderhandelaar                                    The chief union negotiator said the pay rise was unacceptable.
skilful                                /'skIlf@l/                    bedreven                                          It was obvious that the picture had been taken by a skilful photographer.
authority figure                       /O:'TÁr@ti "fIg@/             gezagsdrager                                      He was used to dealing with authority figures.
inferior                               /In'fI@ri@/                   ondergeschikt                                     The red wine was of inferior quality to the white.
intellect                              /'Int@lekt/                   intellect                                         Albert Einstein was a man of great intellect.
loneliness                             /'l@Unlin@s/                  eenzaamheid                                       The agony of loneliness often leads to depression.
responsibility                         /rI"spÁns@'bIl@ti/            verantwoordelijkheid                              He showed me round the office and explained what my responsibilities would be.
frustration                            /frö'streIS@n/                frustratie                                        People often feel a sense of frustration that they are not being promoted quickly enough.
pretty much                            /"prIti 'mötS/                ongeveer                                          The salary I was offered was pretty much what I had expected.
strict                                 /strIkt/                      streng                                            Mrs Janus was a strict teacher, but very fair.
self-sufficient                        /"self s@'fIS@nt/             onafhankelijk                                     Australia is 65% self-sufficient in oil.
reading for pleasure                   /"ri:dIÎ f@ 'pleZ@/           lezen voor je plezier                             Reading for pleasure is a pursuit more people should undertake.
sophisticated                          /s@'fIstIkeItId/              geavanceerd                                       She had become a very sophisticated young lady.
trend                                  /trend/                       trend                                             There's a trend toward more part-time employment.
polled                                 /p@Uld/                       ondervraagd                                       The people polled were between the ages of 16 and 30.
survey                                 /'sÆ:veI/                     enquête                                           We conducted a survey of people's eating habits.
teens                                  /ti:nz/                       tieners; ook: tienerjaren                         She got married when she was still in her teens.
gossip                                 /'gÁsIp/                      roddel                                            She told me all the latest gossip.
revealed                               /rI'vi:ld/                    aan het licht brengen                             Tests revealed the presence of drugs in his blood.
communicating                          /k@'mju:nIkeItIÎ/             communiceren                                      They were communicating with each other every day via e-mail.
corresponding                          /"kÁr@'spÁndIÎ/               contact hebben                                    They've been corresponding twice a month for years.
density                                /'dens@ti/                    dichtheid                                         Taiwan has a high population density.
neurosis                               /njU'r@UsIs/                  neurose                                           There is no cure for the neurosis he is suffering from.
sociologist                            /"s@Usi'Ál@dZIst, "s@USi-/    socioloog                                         Sociologists have studied the effects of the increased communication afforded by mobile phones.
fanatical                              /f@'n{tIk@l/                  fanatiek                                          She's a fanatical follower of fashion!
touch base with sb                     /"tötS 'beIs wID "sömb@di/    contact opnemen met iemand                        I touched base with Zeke as soon as I got to a phone.
uneasy                                 /ön'i:zi/                     onrustig                                          We felt uneasy about his decision.
peers                                  /pI@z/                        leeftijdgenoten                                   Teenagers usually prefer to spend their time with their peers.
countless times                        /'kaUntl@s "taImz/            talloze keren                                     I told her countless times not to speak to strangers.
addiction                              /@'dIkS@n/                    verslaving                                        It wasn't until he became ill that he admitted he had an addiction to alcohol.
incapable of                           /In'keIp@b@l @v, Áv/          niet in staat om                                  She's incapable of harming another human being.
maintaining                            /meIn'teInIÎ/                 onderhouden                                       Diet and exercise are equally important in maintaining good health.
genuine                                /'dZenjuIn/                   echt                                              There was genuine affection in his voice.
superficial                            /"su:p@'fIS@l/                oppervlakkig                                      He only has a superficial knowledge of the subject.
deterioration                          /dI"tI@ri@'reIS@n/            verslechtering                                    I was shocked at the deterioration in his condition over such a short period of time.
very fabric of society                 /veri "f{brIk @v s@'saI@ti/   structuur van de maatschappij                     It feels as if the very fabric of society is being pulled apart by these terrorist attacks.
academic performance                   /"{k@demIk p@'fO:m@ns/        schoolprestaties                                  The late nights were affecting his academic performance.
highlighted                            /'haIlaItId/                  belichten                                         The chief of police highlighted the problem of car theft.
handset                                /'h{ndset/                    telefoon                                          He heard the phone ring and picked up the handset.
circular                               /'sÆ:kj@l@/                   circulaire                                        We often receive circulars from local businesses offering their services.

                                                                                                        Page 3 of 31
                                                                                                                                                                                    Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation              Nederlands                                      Example sentences
emergency                              /I'mÆ:dZ@nsi/              noodgeval                                       Come quickly – it's an emergency!
ring                                   /rIÎ/                      bellen                                          We went into class when the bell rang.
scream                                 /skri:m/                   gillen                                          There was a bang and people started screaming.
creak                                  /kri:k/                    knarsen                                         The door creaked shut behind him.
bang                                   /b{Î/                      bonken                                          Someone was banging on the door.
thud                                   /Töd/                      ploffen                                         The stone thudded to the ground.
bark                                   /bA:k/                     blaffen                                         The dog always barks at strangers.
snore                                  /snO:/                     snurken                                         He could hear the old man snoring.
crash                                  /kr{S/                     te pletter slaan                                The jet crashed shortly after takeoff.
be stuck in traffic                    /bi "stök In 'tr{fIk/      vast zitten in het verkeer                      My husband rang to say he was stuck in traffic and would be late for dinner.
I have no doubt                        /aI h{v "n@U 'daUt/        ik twijfel er niet aan                          She's extremely clever, and I have no doubt that she'll pass her exams.
change one's mind                      /"tSeIndZ wönz 'maInd/     van gedachten veranderen                        Mum might change her mind and let me go to the concert.
lending                                /'lendIÎ/                  lenen                                           I was pressurised into lending him the money.
take after                             /teIk 'A:ft@/              lijken op                                       Jenni really takes after her mother.
I suppose so                           /aI s@'p@Uz s@U/           dat zal wel                                     Everyone says we look alike. I suppose so, though I can't see it myself.
stubborn                               /'stöb@n/                  koppig                                          Steve can be very stubborn sometimes.
It runs in the family                  /It "rönz In D@ 'f{m@li/   het zit in de familie                           Stubbornness is a trait we share. It runs in the family.
look up to                             /lUk 'öp t@, tU/           opkijken tegen                                  I've always looked up to Bill for his courage and determination.
grow up                                /"gr@U 'öp/                opgroeien                                       What do you want to be when you grow up?
show off                               /"S@U 'Áf/                 stoer doen                                      He couldn't resist showing off on the tennis court.
get sb.'s attention                    /"get sömb@diz @'tenS@n/   iemands aandacht krijgen                        He certainly got her attention when he proposed!
bring sb up                            /"brIÎ sömb@di 'öp/        iemand grootbrengen                             She's a single mother of four children, and has brought them up without any help.
get on (with sb)                       /get 'Án/                  (met iemand) kunnen opschieten                  She was very shy, and didn't find it easy to get on with strangers.
spider                                 /'spaId@/                  spin                                            There was a fly caught in a spider's web.
go out with sb                         /g@U 'aUt wID "sömb@di/    met iemand uitgaan                              Jake's had about four girlfriends and is going out with Lucy now.
split up                               /"splIt 'öp/               uit elkaar gaan                                 Steve's parents split up when he was four.
in a nutshell                          /In @ 'nöt-Sel/            in een notendop                                 It's a long story but, in a nutshell, they've decided to divorce.
sensitive                              /'sens@tIv/                gevoelig                                        He was very sensitive to other people's needs.
go on                                  /"g@U 'Án/                 plaatsvinden                                    He went on working until he was 91.
find out                               /"faInd 'aUt/              erachter komen                                  Has anyone bothered to find out how much all this is going to cost?
make it up                             /"meIk It 'öp/             het goedmaken                                   Lucy fell out with Jake, but now they've made it up.
similar                                /'sIm@l@/                  gelijksoortig                                   They came from similar backgrounds.
couple                                 /'köp@l/                   stelletje                                       There were a couple of kids in the back of the car.
give me a ring                         /"gIv mi @ 'rIÎ/           bel me even                                     I told her to give me a ring when she was free.
confirm                                /k@n'fÆ:m/                 bevestigen                                      Blood tests confirmed the diagnosis.
go ahead                               /"g@U @'hed/               verder gaan                                     They've decided to go ahead with plans to build 50 new houses on the site.
appropriate                            /@'pr@Upri@t/              juist                                           It is always wise to wear clothes that are appropriate for the occasion.
authorization                          /"O:T@raI'zeIS@n/          machtiging                                      You need special authorization to park here.
in response to                         /In rI'spÁns t@, tU/       met betrekking tot                              I wrote an application in response to a job I saw advertised in the paper.
ad (abbrev.)                           /{d/                       advertentie (afkorting)                         The job ad sounded interesting, but there was no mention of salary.
tricky                                 /'trIki/                   lastig                                          It was a tricky decision, and I thought about it for ages.
bits & pieces                          /"bIts @n 'pi:sIz/         dingetjes                                       By the time the dog had finished with the slipper it was in bits and pieces.
drift apart                            /"drIft @'pA:t/            van elkaar vervreemden                          We were very close friends, but since we started work we've drifted apart.
reckon                                 /'rek@n/                   denken                                          We've done all we can, I reckon.
bandage                                /'b{ndIdZ/                 verbinden                                       The nurse bandaged up his sprained ankle.
knee                                   /ni:/                      knie                                            She was on her knees, weeding the garden.
club (juggling)                        /klöb/                     knots (jongleren)                               Mark was juggling with three clubs.
ring (juggling)                        /rIÎ/                      ring (jongleren)                                Jennie was juggling with five rings.
torch                                  /tO:tS/                    toorts; ook: zaklamp                            The little boy was under the bedclothes, reading a book by the light of his torch.
pipeline                               /'paIplaIn/                pijpleiding                                     There have been more attacks on the oil pipeline in the Ukraine.

                                                                                                   Page 4 of 31
                                                                                                                                                                                  Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                 Nederlands                                  Example sentences
motivation                             /"m@UtI'veIS@n/               motivatie                                   Jack is smart, but he lacks motivation.
constructively                         /k@n'ströktIvli/              constructief                                He tried to think constructively instead of being negative about the problem.
inherited                              /In'herItId/                  geërfd                                      She had hoarded the money she inherited.
persistence                            /p@'sIst@ns/                  volharding                                  Her persistence paid off when she was offered the job of manager.
genes                                  /dZi:nz/                      genen                                       Your weight depends to some degree on your genes.
max (abbrev.)                          /m{ks/                        maximaal (afkorting)                        I'll give you a tenner for it, max – not a penny more!
explore                                /Ik'splO:/                    verkennen                                   We spent a week exploring the Oregon coastline.
attic                                  /'{tIk/                       zolder                                      We're going to convert the attic into a bedroom.
clear up                               /"klI@r 'öp/                  opklaren; ook: opruimen                     I don't mind you using the kitchen as long as you clear up afterwards.
be up for sth                          /bi 'öp f@ "sömTIÎ/           zin hebben in iets                          Harry is always up for a new challenge.
diversion                              /daI'vÆ:S@n, dI-/             afleiding                                   There's a diversion at the end of the road.
come across                            /"köm @'krÁs/                 tegenkomen                                  I came across an old diary in her desk.
reunited                               /"ri:jU'naItId/               herenigd                                    The twins were reunited after being separated for 20 years.
just the thing                         /"dZöst D@ 'TIÎ/              precies wat je nodig hebt                   I decided that a new dress was just the thing I needed to cheer me up.
by all accounts                        /baI "O:l @'kaUnts/           volgens alle verhalen                       By all accounts, she's doing really well in her new job.
(be) devoted                           /bi dI'v@UtId/                toegewijd (zijn)                            The dog was devoted to his master.
generation                             /"dZen@'reIS@n/               generatie                                   Three generations of the Lambe family have lived here.
anthropologist                         /"{nTr@'pÁl@dZIst/            antropoloog                                 The anthropologist thought he had found the missing link in human evolution.
culture                                /'költS@/                     cultuur                                     You have to spend time in a country to understand its culture.
religion                               /rI'lIdZ@n/                   godsdienst                                  Her religion is very important to her.
weird                                  /wI@d/                        vreemd                                      I had a really weird dream about flying pigs.
divide                                 /dI'vaId/                     verdelen                                    The teacher divided the class into groups.
diving                                 /'daIvIÎ/                     duiken                                      We went diving on the coral reef.
Unit 2
journalist                             /'dZÆ:n@lIst/                   journalist                                The journalist filed his story just before the deadline.
civil engineer                         /"sIv@l endZ@'nI@/              weg- en waterbouwkundige                  He was a civil engineer working for a firm that specialised in building bridges.
social worker                          /'s@US@l "wÆ:k@/                maatschappelijk werker                    Social workers often love their jobs, but find them emotionally draining.
nursery nurse                          /'nÆ:s@ri "nÆ:s/                kinderverzorgster                         The nursery nurse was playing with the children in the sandpit.
surgeon                                /'sÆ:dZ@n/                      chirurg                                   The surgeon really botched the operation.
labour of love                         /"leIb@r @v 'löv/               liefdewerk                                Caring for old people is a labour of love – it's certainly not well paid!
career path                            /k@'rI@ pA:T/                   carrière                                  Nell has her career path all mapped out.
take a year out                        /"teIk @ jI@r 'aUt/             een jaar ertussenuit gaan                 Anna decided to take a year out before starting university.
job satisfaction                       /"dZÁb s{tIs'f{kS@n/            arbeidsvoldoening                         She loves working in publishing, and gets a lot of job satisfaction.
be good with figures                   /bi "gUd wID 'fIg@z/            goed kunnen rekenen                       To be an accountant you have to be good with figures.
people person                          /'pi:p@l "pÆ:s@n/               goed met mensen kunnen omgaan             I'm a people person and would like to be a social worker.
can do' attitude                       /"k{n 'du: "{tItju:d/           positieve instelling                      With his "can do" attitude that boy will go far.
an eye for detail                      /@n "aI f@ 'di:teIl/            oog voor detail                           She has a good eye for detail and is an excellent editor.
get the best out of other people                                       het
                                       /get D@ "best aUt @v "öD@ 'pi:p@l/ beste uit anderen halen                He has a lovely personality and always manages to get the best out of other people.
using your own initiative              /"ju:zIÎ j@r "@Un I'nIS@tIv/    initiatief tonen                          In this job you have to use your own initiative.
meet tight deadlines                   /"mi:t taIt 'dedlaInz/          krappe deadlines halen                    As a journalist you are expected to meet tight deadlines.
daily grind                            /"deIli 'graInd/                dagelijkse sleur                          I just couldn't face the daily grind of a two-hour commute to work and back.
hell                                   /hel/                           hel                                       He made my life hell when I worked under him.
be valued                              /bi 'v{lju:d/                   gewaardeerd worden                        The manager told me I was highly valued as a member of the team.
salary                                 /'s{l@ri/                       salaris                                   The average salary is $39,000 a year.
proof                                  /pru:f/                         bewijs                                    There is no proof of the existence of life on other planets.
matter                                 /'m{t@/                         ertoe doen                                It doesn't matter if you're late.
housework                              /'haUswÆ:k/                     huishoudelijk werk                        I spent all morning doing the housework.
voluntary work                         /'vÁl@nt@ri wÆ:k/               vrijwilligerswerk                         She does voluntary work at the hospice.
tend                                   /tend/                          de neiging hebben                         My car tends to overheat when the weather is hot.
self-esteem                            /"self I'sti:m/                 eigendunk                                 Playing a sport can boost a girl's self-esteem.

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Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                Nederlands                                          Example sentences
psychological benefits                 /"saIk@lÁdZIk@l 'ben@fIts/   psychologische voordelen                            One shouldn't underestimate the psychological benefits of having a job.
well-being                             /"wel 'bi:IÎ/                welzijn                                             We are responsible for the care and well-being of all our patients.
common goal                            /"kÁm@n 'g@Ul/               gemeenschappelijk doel                              Their common goal was to get a bonus by beating last year's sales figures.
sense of structure                     /"sens @v 'ströktS@/         gevoel van structuur                                The agent's criticism was that there was no sense of structure to the book.
purpose                                /'pÆ:p@s/                    bedoeling                                           What is the purpose of your visit to England?
impose on                              /Im'p@Uz Án/                 opleggen                                            I didn't want to impose on her generosity.
take over                              /"teIk '@Uv@/                overnemen                                           His only reason for investing in the company was to take it over.
community                              /k@'mju:n@ti/                gemeenschap                                         The library serves the whole community.
function                               /'föÎkS@n/                   fungeren                                            Rail services are now functioning normally again.
workaholic                             /"wÆ:k@'hÁlIk/               workaholic, werkverslaafde                          She's a workaholic and has no social life to speak of.
be deprived of                         /bi dI'praIvd @v, Áv/        het zonder iets moeten stellen                      He would hate to be deprived of his iPod!
fix                                    /fIks/                       dagelijkse dosis                                    I need a "fix" of coffee every morning to get me started.
irritable                              /'IrIt@b@l/                  prikkelbaar                                         Jo was tired, irritable, and depressed.
lethargic                              /l@'TA:dZIk/                 lusteloos                                           The hot weather was making us all lethargic.
retired                                /rI'taI@d/                   met pensioen                                        My mother is retired now.
be defined                             /bi dI'faInd/                bepaald worden                                      He was defined by the position he held and not by his personality.
appetite for life                      /"{p@taIt f@ 'laIf/          levenslust                                          His appetite for life was legendary.
pre-industrial age                     /"pri: In"döstri@l 'eIdZ/    tijd vóór de industriële revolutie                  The pace of life was much slower in the pre-industrial age.
task-oriented                          /'tA:sk "O:rientId, "Ári-/   taakgericht                                         His work was very task-oriented.
time-structured                        /'taIm "ströktS@d/           strak volgens schema ingedeeld                      She has a very time-structured day, where she has to be in a given place at a given time.
Industrial Revolution                  /In"döstri@l rev@'lu:S@n/    Industriële Revolutie                               What would the world be like today if the Industrial Revolution had never happened?
radically                              /'r{dIkli/                   drastisch                                           Life suddenly changed radically when his father died.
redundant                              /rI'dönd@nt/                 overbodig                                           Over 1000 workers were made redundant.
via                                    /'vaI@, 'vi:@/               via                                                 We're flying to Denver via Chicago.
remotely                               /rI'm@Utli/                  op afstand                                          He didn't sound remotely interested.
productivity                           /"prÁdök'tIv@ti/             productiviteit                                      He was asked to come up with ways to increase productivity.
commuting                              /k@'mju:tIÎ/                 forenzen                                            I left London because of the hours I had to spend commuting.
be conditioned                         /bi k@n'dIS@nd/              geconditioneerd zijn                                The police dog was conditioned to obey his every command.
bursts of sth                          /'bÆ:sts @v "sömTIÎ/         vlagen van iets                                     The driver put on sudden bursts of speed when trying to pass the cars in front.
interspersed with                      /"Int@'spÆ:st wID, wIT/      afgewisseld met                                     It was a sunny day interspersed with showers.
inactivity                             /"In{k'tIv@ti/               inactiviteit, werkeloosheid                         I was getting bored with all this inactivity.
work-rhythm                            /'wÆ:k "rID@m/               werkritme                                           After my holiday, I found it difficult to slip back into my normal work-rhythm.
mental health                          /"mentl 'helT/               geestelijke gezondheid                              The psychologist assessed the patient's mental health.
majority                               /m@'dZÁr@ti/                 meerderheid                                         Money is a problem for the majority of students.
isolated                               /'aIs@leItId/                geïsoleerd                                          We left London and now live on an isolated farm in Scotland.
be convinced                           /bi k@n'vInst/               overtuigd zijn                                      The police were convinced they'd caught the right man.
charity shop                           /'tS{r@ti SÁp/               liefdadigheidswinkel                                We emptied the bookcase and took all the books to the charity shop.
part-time                              /"pA:t 'taIm/                deeltijd                                            During the summer holidays, he got a part-time job at the supermarket.
degree                                 /dI'gri:/                    graad                                               Ellie got a first-class degree in French and German.
early retirement                       /"Æ:li rI'taI@m@nt/          vervroegd pensioen                                  Due to a work-related accident, Dev took early retirement.
flexitime                              /'fleksitaIm/                variabele werktijden                                The employees were delighted when the company introduced flexitime.
shift work                             /'SIft wÆ:k/                 ploegendienst                                       I wouldn't do shift work because of the unsocial hours.
(be) on strike                         /Án 'straIk/                 staken                                              Workers usually go on strike for better pay and conditions.
on sick leave                          /Án 'sIk li:v/               met ziekteverlof                                    He had to have a hip operation and was away on sick leave for six months.
be sacked                              /bi 's{kt/                   ontslagen worden                                    He was sacked for insubordination.
resign from my job                     /rI"zaIn fr@m maI 'dZÁb/     ontslag nemen                                       I resigned from my job in an office because I wanted to become a police officer.
full-time                              /"fUl 'taIm/                 fulltime                                            Both her parents work full-time.
be bound to                            /bi 'baUnd t@, tU/           (iets) vast en zeker gaan doen                      Mel never did any work, and was bound to fail the exams.
unique                                 /ju:'ni:k/                   uniek                                               Every house we build is unique – no two are the same.
wrinkled                               /'rIÎk@ld/                   gerimpeld                                           Two brilliant blue eyes twinkled at me from her wrinkled old face.

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                                                                                                                                                                                          Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                       Nederlands                                      Example sentences
inspiration                            /"Insp@'reIS@n/                     inspiratie                                      My mother was an inspiration to the whole family.
secrecy                                /'si:kr@si/                         geheimhouding                                   The operation was carried out in total secrecy.
recycled                               /"ri:'saIk@ld/                      gerecycled                                      Only 27% of the paper we consume is recycled.
environmental issues                   /In"vaIr@n'mentl "ISu:z, "Isju:z/   milieukwesties                                  Environmental issues are at the top of the government's agenda.
deforestation                          /di:"fÁr@'steIS@n/                  ontbossing                                      Deforestation of the rainforests has an adverse effect on the climate.
environmentally-friendly               /In"vaIr@nment@li 'frendli/         milieuvriendelijk                               We need to find environmentally-friendly sources of power.
pottery                                /'pÁt@ri/                           pottenbakken, aardewerk                         Mum has a collection of different types of pottery.
accountancy                            /@'kaUnt@nsi/                       boekhouden                                      Cathy is studying accountancy.
diary                                  /'daI@ri/                           dagboek                                         Tony kept a daily diary.
wisely                                 /'waIzli/                           verstandig                                      He spent his money wisely.
agency                                 /'eIdZ@nsi/                         bureau                                          The advertising agency promised to double the sales of the product.
unforeseen                             /"önfO:'si:n/                       onvoorzien                                      This innocent act had unforeseen consequences.
demand                                 /dI'mA:nd/                          eis                                             There's a great demand for new housing.
run out of                             /rön 'aUt @v, Áv/                   gebrek krijgen aan                              He'd run out of milk so he went down to the corner shop for more.
stock                                  /stÁk/                              voorraad                                        How long will the country's coal stocks last?
lawyer                                 /'lO:j@/                            advocaat                                        My lawyer's already acquainted with the facts.
herd                                   /hÆ:d/                              kudde                                           A herd of cows was blocking the lane.
cheque                                 /tSek/                              cheque                                          I paid for the shopping with a cheque.
on presentation to                     /Án "prez@n'teIS@n t@, tU/          bij aanbieding aan                              This cheque will be honoured on presentation to any Barclays Bank.
nod                                    /nÁd/                               knikken                                         "Are you Jill?" he asked. She smiled and nodded.
look blank                             /"lUk 'bl{Îk/                       niet-begrijpend kijken                          The doctor asked him if he could remember his name, but he just looked blank.
start from scratch                     /"stA:t fr@m 'skr{tS/               bij het begin beginnen                          When the business folded, she decided to start again from scratch.
call in                                /"kO:l 'In/                         inschakelen                                     The government then called in troops to deal with the disturbances.
damaged                                /'d{mIdZd/                          beschadigd                                      His eyesight may be permanently damaged.
plaster                                /'plA:st@/                          pleisterwerk                                    The plaster on the walls was damp and had begun to fall off.
repair                                 /rI'pe@/                            herstellen                                      How much will it cost to repair the car?
tin                                    /tIn/                               blikken                                         The little boy knocked over a stack of tin cans.
roof                                   /ru:f/                              dak                                             He installed a satellite dish on the roof.
set to sth                             /'set t@ "sömTIÎ/                   beginnen aan                                    He set to assembling the flat-pack wardrobes.
ochre                                  /'@Uk@/                             okergeel                                        He decided to paint three walls white and one wall ochre.
extravagance                           /Ik'str{v@g@ns/                     uitspatting                                     The pop star's wild extravagances led to his bankruptcy.
splash out on                          /"spl{S 'aUt Án/                    zich te buiten gaan aan                         Money was tight, but we decided to splash out on dinner for two.
proprietor                             /pr@'praI@t@/                       eigenaar                                        He was the proprietor of a small hotel and restaurant.
typewriter                             /'taIp"raIt@/                       schrijfmachine                                  This author still types his manuscripts on a manual typewriter.
surplus to                             /'sÆ:pl@s t@, tU/                   overtollig                                      The parachutes were returned to the base, as they were surplus to requirements.
requirement                            /rI'kwaI@m@nt/                      benodigdheid                                    The refugees' main requirements are food and water.
widow                                  /'wId@U/                            weduwe                                          The widow was dressed in black.
braided                                /'breIdId/                          gevlochten                                      The old lady had grey braided hair.
rub                                    /röb/                               wrijven                                         She rubbed her hair with a towel.
copious                                /'k@Upi@s/                          royaal                                          She took copious notes of everything that was said at the meeting.
quantity                               /'kwÁnt@ti/                         hoeveelheid                                     Police found a quantity of drugs hidden in their bags.
frame                                  /freIm/                             montuur, lijst                                  She put the picture in a wooden frame.
It's early days yet                    /Its "Æ:li 'deIz jet/               het is nog te vroeg om iets zinnigs te zeggen   I think I'll like the job, but it's early days yet.
keyboard                               /'ki:bO:d/                          toetsenbord                                     Her fingers flew over the keyboard.
drawer                                 /drO:/                              lade                                            Put it in the desk drawer.
peer                                   /pI@/                               gluren                                          Someone was peering through the window.
peck                                   /pek/                               pikken                                          In the square, pigeons were pecking at breadcrumbs.
condensed milk                         /k@n"denst 'mIlk/                   gecondenseerde melk                             For dessert he got a tin of pears and a tin of condensed milk.
skeletal                               /'skel@t@l/                         graatmager                                      Police discovered the skeletal remains of a corpse buried near the river.
disastrous                             /dI'zA:str@s/                       rampzalig                                       Climate change could have disastrous effects on the Earth.

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Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                      Nederlands                                    Example sentences
counter                                /'kaUnt@/                          kassa                                         He wondered if the girl behind the counter recognised him.
hurtle                                 /'hÆ:tl/                           stuiteren                                     A huge rock came hurtling down the mountainside.
case                                   /keIs/                             zaak                                          In this case there are several possible solutions.
there's no time to lose                /De@z "n@U taIm t@ 'lu:z/          er is geen tijd te verliezen                  There's no time to lose if we want to get to the airport on time.
first aid kit                          /"fÆ:st 'eId kIt/                  EHBO-doos                                     They bought a first aid kit to keep in the car.
letter of application                  /"let@r @v {plI'keIS@n/            sollicitatiebrief                             He decided to handwrite his letter of application.
relevant experience                    /"rel@v@nt Ik'spI@ri@ns/           relevante ervaring                            The interviewer pointed out that I didn't have any relevant experience.
quality                                /'kwÁl@ti/                         eigenschap                                    More people are suffering from asthma due to a decline in air quality.
run sth                                /'rön "sömTIÎ/                     ergens leiding aan geven                      They're asking for volunteers to run the stalls at the school fair.
candidate                              /'k{ndId@t/                        kandidaat                                     She's a likely candidate for the job.
sociable                               /'s@US@b@l/                        sociaal                                       They are a pleasant, sociable couple.
previous                               /'pri:vi@s/                        eerder, voorgaand                             She has two children from a previous marriage.
essential                              /I'senS@l/                         noodzakelijk                                  A balanced diet is essential for good health.
CV (Curriculum Vitae)                  /"si: 'vi:, k@"rIkjUl@m 'vi:taI/   cv (curriculum vitae)                         I enclosed my CV with my letter of application.
passionate                             /'p{S@n@t/                         enthousiast                                   It was such a passionate kiss, it left him breathless.
catering industry                      /'keIt@rIÎ "Ind@stri/              horeca                                        When he left university he got a job in the catering industry.
set up                                 /"set 'öp/                         opzetten                                      They want to set up their own import-export business.
ultimately                             /'öltIm@tli/                       uiteindelijk                                  Their efforts ultimately resulted in his release from prison.
development                            /dI'vel@pm@nt/                     ontwikkeling                                  Vitamins are necessary for a child's growth and development.
facilities                             /f@'sIl@tiz/                       faciliteiten                                  It was a tiny flat and there were no facilities for cooking.
negotiate                              /nI'g@USieIt/                      onderhandelen                                 The government refuses to negotiate with terrorists.
discount                               /'dIskaUnt/                        korting                                       Members get a 10% discount.
architect                              /'A:kItekt/                        architect                                     Tinoco was one of the architects of the government’s economic reforms.
modest                                 /'mÁd@st/                          bescheiden                                    My father was a quiet, modest man.
achievement                            /@'tSi:vm@nt/                      prestatie                                     Putting a man on the moon was one of our greatest achievements.
prison                                 /'prIz@n/                          gevangenis                                    The burglar was sent to prison for six years.
proud                                  /praUd/                            trots                                         Her parents are very proud of her.
apply for                              /@'plaI f@, fO:/                   solliciteren naar                             Lily applied for a place at Durham University.
insist on                              /In'sIst Án/                       ergens op staan                               He insisted on accompanying her to the airport to see her off.
believe in                             /b@'li:v In/                       geloven in                                    Do you believe in ghosts?
consist of                             /k@n'sIst @v, Áv/                  bestaan uit                                   The interview panel consisted of two men and three women.
ghost                                  /g@Ust/                            geest                                         The ghost of Marie Antoinette haunts the palace.
receipt                                /rI'si:t/                          ontvangstbewijs                               Always keep the receipts for everything you buy.
positive                               /'pÁz@tIv/                         positief                                      You should try and be more positive.
casual clothes                         /"k{Zu@l 'kl@UDz, 'kl@Uz/          gemakkelijke kleding                          He changed out of his suit and into his casual clothes.
maintain                               /meIn'teIn/                        onderhouden                                   We need to maintain good relations with our customers.
eye contact                            /'aI "kÁnt{kt/                     oogcontact                                    The detective maintained eye contact with his suspect throughout the interview.
negatively                             /'neg@tIvli/                       negatief                                      He spoke negatively about his previous contacts with the police.
visibly                                /'vIz@bli/                         zichtbaar                                     She was visibly shaken by the news.
investigating                          /In'vestIgeItIÎ/                   onderzoeken                                   The police are investigating the cause of the fire.
specialist                             /'speS@lIst/                       gespecialiseerd                               His doctor referred him to a heart specialist.
field of work                          /"fi:ld @v 'wÆ:k/                  werkterrein                                   What field of work is she in?
admin (abbrev)                         /'{dmIn/                           administratie (afkorting)                     There seemed to be a lot of unnecessary admin involved in the job.
vet                                    /vet/                              dierenarts                                    We had to take our cat to the vet.
rising star                            /"raIzIÎ 'stA:/                    rijzende ster                                 The managers were asked to identify any possible rising stars on their teams.
fast-tracked                           /'fA:st tr{kt/                     snel gepromoveerd                             It was obvious that she was being fast-tracked to a managerial position.
visionary                              /'vIZ@n@ri/                        idealistisch                                  Under his visionary leadership, the city prospered.
sculpture                              /'skölptS@/                        beeldhouwwerk                                 There was a bronze sculpture of a horse in the park.
array                                  /@'reI/                            scala                                         A dazzling array of young dancers turned up for the audition.
creature                               /'kri:tS@/                         schepsel                                      We should respect all living creatures.

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                                                                                                                                                                            Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation       Nederlands                                      Example sentences
brick                                  /brIk/              baksteen                                        The house was made of brick.
sink                                   /sIÎk/              gootsteen                                       Dirty plates were piled high in the sink.
plug                                   /plög/              stekker; ook: stop                              Put the plug in, or all the water will drain away.
pebble                                 /'peb@l/            kiezelsteen                                     The beach was covered with smooth white pebbles.
to date                                /t@ 'deIt/          tot op heden                                    How many applications have we received to date?
Unit 3
ancient                                /'eInS@nt/          oud                                             Greece has many ancient ruins.
traditional                            /tr@'dIS@n@l/       traditioneel                                    I love traditional Italian cooking.
second-hand                            /"sek@nd'h{nd/      tweedehands                                     Fiona has bought some fantastic second-hand clothes.
antique                                /"{n'ti:k/          antiek                                          In the corner of the room stood an antique rosewood desk.
old-fashioned                          /"@Uld 'f{S@nd/     ouderwets                                       He believes in the old-fashioned idea that a woman's place is in the home.
trendy                                 /'trendi/           trendy                                          Alice always wears very trendy clothes.
hero                                   /'hI@r@U/           held                                            He became the world champion and a national hero.
heroine                                /'her@UIn/          heldin                                          She was a heroine of the French Resistance.
heroic                                 /hI'r@UIk/          heldhaftig                                      The girl made an heroic attempt to save her friend from drowning.
BC (abbrev)                            /"bi: 'si:/         vóór Christus (afk. v.Chr.)                     The battle took place in the 5th century BC.
epic                                   /'epIk/             episch                                          Hannibal set out on an epic journey through the Alps.
passion                                /'p{S@n/            passie                                          His eyes were burning with passion.
triumph                                /'traI@mf/          overwinning                                     It was a diplomatic triumph for France.
tragedy                                /'tr{dZ@di/         tragedie                                        The evening ended in tragedy.
peace                                  /pi:s/              vrede                                           Germany is now at peace with its neighbours.
trade                                  /treId/             handel                                          They hope to increase trade with China.
decline                                /dI'klaIn/          afnemen                                         Coffee production declined after the crops failed.
ruins                                  /'ru:Inz/           ruïnes                                          The city lay in ruins after the battle.
feast                                  /fi:st/             feestmaal                                       The wedding feast was sumptuous.
inevitable                             /I'nevIt@b@l/       onvermijdelijk                                  Death is inevitable.
warrior                                /'wÁri@/            strijder                                        Achilles was a noble warrior.
honour                                 /'Án@/              eer                                             He was a man of honour.
key to success                         /"ki: t@ s@k'ses/   sleutel tot succes                              What's the key to your success in business?
legendary                              /'ledZ@nd@ri/       legendarisch                                    The legendary baseball player Babe Ruth is a hero to many sports fans.
enemy                                  /'en@mi/            vijand                                          He made many enemies because of his ruthless approach.
fear                                   /fI@/               vrezen                                          Police fear there may be further attacks.
willing                                /'wIlIÎ/            bereid                                          Are you willing to help?
victory                                /'vIkt@ri/          overwinning                                     He led his troops to victory.
despise                                /dI'spaIz/          verfoeien                                       He was a nasty man who despised children.
eternal fame                           /I"tÆ:n@l 'feIm/    eeuwige roem                                    Neil Armstrong attained eternal fame by being the first man on the moon.
inspired                               /In'spaI@d/         geïnspireerd                                    After reading his book I was inspired to set up my own business.
century                                /'sentS@ri/         eeuw                                            The church was built in the 13th century.
horror                                 /'hÁr@/             gruwel                                          She stared at him in horror.
brutality                              /bru:'t{l@ti/       gewelddadigheid                                 The allegations of police brutality were unfounded.
terrifying                             /'ter@faI-IÎ/       angstaanjagend                                  He told her of his terrifying experience.
realism                                /'rI@lIz@m/         realisme                                        He has hope, but also a scientist's sense of realism.
focus on                               /'f@Uk@s Án/        zich richten op                                 I tried to focus on my work, but found the children's noise distracting.
historical                             /hI'stÁrIk@l/       historisch                                      The book was a mixture of historical facts and fiction.
impressive                             /Im'presIv/         indrukwekkend                                   The view out over the sea was impressive.
recreation                             /"rekri'eIS@n/      herschepping; ook: ontspanning                  I don't consider gardening to be recreation – it's too much hard work!
spectacular                            /spek't{kj@l@/      spectaculair                                    They had a spectacular view of the Grand Canyon.
battle                                 /'b{tl/             veldslag                                        He found the daily battle of commuting to and from work very tiring.
intimate                               /'Int@m@t/          intiem, persoonlijk                             They became intimate friends.
human                                  /'hju:m@n/          menselijk                                       The mistake was due to human error.

                                                                                            Page 9 of 31
                                                                                                                                                                                     Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation            Nederlands                                            Example sentences
have (huge) presence                   /h{v 'prez@ns/           (sterk) aanwezig zijn                                 He has great presence, and all eyes turn to him when he enters a room.
brilliant                              /'brIlj@nt/              briljant                                              She always wears clothes in vivid, brilliant colours.
nobility                               /n@U'bIl@ti/             edelmoedigheid                                        The nobility of his intentions was not in question.
convincing                             /k@n'vInsIÎ/             overtuigend                                           It was a convincing excuse, and we all believed her.
confrontation                          /"kÁnfr@n'teIS@n/        confrontatie                                          The bombing led to a confrontation between the two countries.
approve of                             /@'pru:v @v, Áv/         goedkeuren                                            Dad didn't approve of my latest girlfriend.
human angle                            /'hju:m@n "{Îg@l/        menselijke invalshoek                                 As a reporter, she likes to get the human angle on all her stories.
craft                                  /krA:ft/                 maken                                                 Each doll is crafted individually by specialists.
on their doorstep                      /"Án De@ 'dO:step/       vlakbij; letterlijk: op hun drempel                   We turned up on their doorstep at five in the morning.
attack                                 /@'t{k/                  aanval                                                The TV was reporting the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center.
charge at                              /'tSA:dZ @t, {t/         bestormen                                             The bull lowered his head and charged at the matador.
march                                  /mA:tS/                  marcheren                                             Troops marched into the capital.
poison                                 /'pOIz@n/                vergif                                                Arsenic is a deadly poison.
potion                                 /'p@US@n/                drank                                                 The old woman claimed she could mix a love potion.
pretend                                /prI'tend/               doen alsof                                            He's not really angry – he's just pretending.
at that time                           /@t "D{t 'taIm/          toentertijd                                           At that time, I wasn't even thinking of getting married!
from that point on                     /fr@m "D{t pOInt 'Án/    vanaf dat moment                                      From that point on we were the best of friends.
up until that point                    /"öp öntIl 'D{t pOInt/   tot op dat moment                                     Up until that point he thought he could handle the situation.
throughout                             /Tru:'aUt/               door de hele .. heen                                  She works for a large organisation with offices throughout the world.
during                                 /'djU@rIÎ/               tijdens                                               During the summer she worked as a waitress.
until                                  /ön'tIl, @n-/            tot                                                   The banks are open until 3.30.
for the previous                       /f@ D@ 'pri:vi@s/        gedurende de voorgaande                               For the previous six months I had worked as a courier.
leather                                /'leD@/                  leer                                                  He bought himself a leather belt.
porcelain                              /'pO:s@l@n/              porselein                                             The priceless porcelain vase smashed to the ground.
denim                                  /'den@m/                 denim                                                 She bought herself a blue denim jacket.
bronze                                 /brÁnz/                  brons                                                 The statue was made out of bronze.
silk                                   /sIlk/                   zijde                                                 My skirt was made of pure silk.
iron                                   /'aI@n/                  ijzer                                                 The bridge was made of iron.
lycra                                  /'laIkr@/                lycra                                                 Lycra had been added to the denim so the trousers stretched more easily.
wool                                   /wUl/                    wol                                                   The cat was playing with a ball of wool.
gold                                   /g@Uld/                  goud                                                  His watch was solid gold.
rubber                                 /'röb@/                  rubber                                                There's a rubber seal to keep the water out.
cotton                                 /'kÁtn/                  katoen                                                Through the window we could see a field of cotton.
silver                                 /'sIlv@/                 zilver                                                She wore a bracelet of solid silver.
soft                                   /sÁft/                   zacht                                                 I spread the soft butter across the toast.
stretchy                               /'stretSi/               elastisch                                             The little girl wore a pair of stretchy cotton leggings.
shiny                                  /'SaIni/                 glanzend                                              The dancer wore a pair of shiny black shoes.
smooth                                 /smu:D/                  glad                                                  The road was wide and smooth.
rough                                  /röf/                    ruw                                                   The sea was rough and the waves were very high.
furry                                  /'fÆ:ri/                 harig                                                 Children seem to love small furry animals.
slippery                               /'slIp@ri/               glibberig                                             The path was very slippery after last night's rain.
itchy                                  /'ItSi/                  kriebelig                                             He had an itchy nose.
even                                   /'i:v@n/                 gelijkmatig                                           You need an even surface to work on.
surface                                /'sÆ:f@s/                oppervlak                                             The astronauts brought rocks back from the surface of the moon.
uneven                                 /ön'i:v@n/               hobbelig                                              There is a lot of uneven ground between here and the sea.
irritate                               /'Ir@teIt/               irriteren                                             Her attitude irritated me, and I wanted to tell her to be quiet.
firm                                   /fÆ:m/                   stevig                                                The customer wanted a bed with a firm mattress.
elastic                                /I'l{stIk/               elastisch                                             He put an elastic band round the folder.
bright                                 /braIt/                  helder                                                A bright smile lit up her face.
icy                                    /'aIsi/                  bevroren, ijzig                                       There was an icy wind blowing from the north.

                                                                                                      Page 10 of 31
                                                                                                                                                                                           Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                     Nederlands                                      Example sentences
path                                   /pA:T/                            pad                                             There's a path through the woods that will take us straight home.
mattress                               /'m{tr@s/                         matras                                          I sleep better on a bed with a firm mattress.
item                                   /'aIt@m/                          stuk                                            What was the last item of clothing you bought?
allergy                                /'{l@dZi/                         allergie                                        He has an allergy to peanuts, which can make him very ill.
wheelbarrow                            /'wi:l"b{r@U/                     kruiwagen                                       The gardener used a wheelbarrow to take the compost to the bottom of the garden.
cast iron                              /"kA:st 'aI@n/                    gietijzer                                       My grandmother used to cook meals in a cast iron frying pan.
have a huge impact on                  /h{v @ "hju:dZ 'Imp{kt Án/        een enorme invloed hebben op                    What he said had a huge impact on me – it completely changed my life.
agriculture                            /'{grI"költS@/                    landbouw                                        More than 75% of the land is used for agriculture.
account for                            /@'kaUnt f@, fO:/                 vertegenwoordigen                               Farming accounts for a large part of people's income around here.
dialect                                /'daI@lekt/                       dialect                                         We couldn't understand the local dialect.
dragon                                 /'dr{g@n/                         draak                                           He told the children stories about princesses and fire-breathing dragons.
wheel                                  /wi:l/                            wiel; ook: stuur                                He had fallen asleep at the wheel and crashed his car.
light bulb                             /'laIt bölb/                      gloeilamp                                       The light bulb in the kitchen went when I turned on the switch.
gunpowder                              /'gön"paUd@/                      kruit                                           Gunpowder is used as an explosive in bullets for guns.
uniformity                             /"ju:n@'fO:m@ti/                  gelijkvormigheid                                There seems to be no uniformity among the various systems.
globalisation                          /"gl@Ub@laI'zeIS@n/               globalisering                                   People's jobs are becoming less secure due to the globalisation of manufacturing.
doomed to be                           /'du:md t@ bi/                    gedoemd om .. te zijn                           I think I'm doomed to always be the last person to hear about the good jobs.
lament                                 /l@'ment/                         betreuren                                       The nation lamented the death of its great war leader.
edition                                /I'dIS@n/                         editie                                          The first edition of the book was published in 1836, and the second edition a year later.
identical                              /aI'dentIk@l/                     identiek                                        The two pictures looked identical – I couldn't tell them apart.
erode                                  /I'r@Ud/                          wegslijten                                      The coastline is being eroded by the continuous pounding of the waves.
far from                               /'fA: fr@m/                       verre van                                       Far from living a life of luxury, she had little money and no job.
diversity                              /daI'vÆ:s@ti, dI-/                verscheidenheid                                 The curriculum will take account of the ethnic diversity of the population.
stereotyped                            /'steri@taIpt, 'stI@r-/           gestereotypeerd                                 Women became stereotyped as only capable of staying at home and doing housework.
pigeon-holed                           /'pIdZ@n h@Uld/                   in een hokje gezet                              They pigeon-holed him as a comedy actor and he couldn't get any serious parts.
take it for granted that               /"teIk It f@ 'grA:ntId D@t/       (iets) vanzelfsprekend vinden                   I took it for granted that she'd already eaten since it was after ten o'clock.
have our cake and eat it               /"h{v aU@ "keIk @nd 'i:t It/      alles hebben, van twee walletjes eten           You want to do no work and still have lots of money – that's having your cake and eating it!
black and white opinions               /"bl{k @n waIt @'pInj@nz/         ongenuanceerde meningen                         Don has very black and white opinions on how children should behave.
thriving                               /'TraIvIÎ/                        bloeiend                                        Bali had a thriving tourist industry before the bombs went off.
fixed                                  /fIkst/                           vast                                            She used a mirror fixed to the wall to make the room seem larger.
facilitate                             /f@'sIl@teIt/                     makkelijker maken                               The Web could facilitate learning if used properly.
ever-shrinking                         /"ev@ 'SrIÎkIÎ/                   steeds kleiner wordend                          The speed of travel and communication makes it an ever-shrinking world.
commercial                             /k@'mÆ:S@l/                       commercieel                                     The film was a commercial success but the critics hated it.
embrace (an idea, etc)                 /Im'breIs/                        overnemen (een idee etc.)                       Sheila has completely embraced the company's way of thinking.
melting pot                            /'meltIÎ pÁt/                     smeltkroes                                      New York has always been a great melting pot of different races and cultures.
damaging aspect                        /"d{m@dZIÎ '{spekt/               schadelijk aspect                               One damaging aspect of the bomb was its negative impact on race relations.
national identity                      /"n{S@n@l aI'dent@ti/             nationale identiteit                            The country discovered its national identity after it became independent.
tyranny of geography                   /"tIr@ni @v dZi'Ágr@fi, 'dZÁg-/   tirannie van de geografie                       Education about life in other countries has freed people from the tyranny of geography.
distinction                            /dI'stIÎkS@n/                     onderscheid                                     The law makes a distinction between children and adults.
take my breath away                    /"teIk maI 'breT @"weI/           me de adem benemen                              That rollercoaster ride really took my breath away!
take part in                           /teIk 'pA:t In/                   meedoen aan                                     Dr King took part in a discussion about the education of poor children.
take off                               /"teIk 'Áf/                       van de grond komen                              That new Italian restaurant in town has really taken off well!
take in                                /"teIk 'In/                       in zich opnemen                                 I couldn't take it all in because he spoke so quickly.
take everything in one's stride        /teIk "evriTIÎ In wönz 'straId/   overal overheen stappen                         She takes everything in her stride and doesn't panic about problems.
take to sb                             /'teIk t@ "sömb@di/               iemand aardig vinden                            My dog's really taken to you, haven't you, Fido?
give a presentation                    /"gIv @ prez@n'teIS@n/            een presentatie geven                           They want you to give a presentation next month on the work you've been doing.
supervise                              /'su:p@vaIz/                      toezicht houden                                 The engineer supervises all the construction work.
reduce                                 /rI'dju:s/                        inperken, terugdringen                          They're trying to reduce the number of students in the college.
membership                             /'memb@SIp/                       lidmaatschap                                    Greece applied for membership of the EU in 1975.
brotherhood                            /'bröD@hUd/                       broederschap                                    There used to be a great spirit of brotherhood in the police force.

                                                                                                         Page 11 of 31
                                                                                                                                                                                          Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                     Nederlands                                        Example sentences
manhood                                /'m{nhUd/                         mannelijkheid                                     He had not yet reached manhood, and was still a boy.
vocational subject                     /v@U'keIS@n@l "söbdZIkt/          beroepsgericht vak                                The college teaches vocational subjects like hairdressing and cookery.
with the benefit of hindsight          /wID D@ "ben@fIt @v 'haIndsaIt/   achteraf bekeken                                  With the benefit of hindsight, I wouldn't have done it that way.
heap                                   /hi:p/                            hoop                                              There's a heap of newspapers in the living room that need to be thrown out.
ignorant                               /'Ign@r@nt/                       niet op de hoogte                                 We went off into the jungle, ignorant of the dangers.
bunk                                   /böÎk/                            gezwets                                           What a load of bunk! I've never heard such rubbish!
foresee                                /fO:'si:/                         voorzien                                          No one could have foreseen such a disaster.
consult                                /k@n'sölt/                        raadplegen                                        Consult your doctor if the headaches continue.
borrow                                 /'bÁr@U/                          lenen                                             Can I borrow the car tonight, Dad?
jumper                                 /'dZömp@/                         trui                                              The jumper didn't fit so I took it back to the shop.
(they) suit you                        /'su:t jU, 'sju:t/                (ze) staan je goed                                That colour doesn't suit you – try the green one instead.
it's a real pain                       /Its @ "rI@l 'peIn/               het is heel vervelend                             It's a real pain having to walk all the way to school in the rain.
earrings                               /'I@rIÎz/                         oorbellen                                         You're not allowed to wear earrings to school.
nephew                                 /'nefju:, 'nev-/                  neef                                              My sister's boy – my nephew – is getting married next month.
vegetarian                             /"vedZ@'te@ri@n/                  vegetariër                                        More and more people are becoming vegetarians.
fur                                    /fÆ:/                             bont                                              She never wears fur.
flourish                               /'flörIS/                         bloeien                                           The government is aiming to create conditions in which businesses can flourish.
pulp up                                /"pölp 'öp/                       tot pulp malen                                    The Chinese pulped up the waste from the silk-making process to produce paper.
kite                                   /kaIt/                            vlieger                                           They take their kites to the park at the weekend and have battles in the sky.
fireworks                              /'faI@wÆ:ks/                      vuurwerk                                          We're having a big fourth of July fireworks display.
it's a long story                      /Its @ "lÁÎ 'stO:ri/              het is een lang verhaal                           "How do you two know each other?" "Oh, it's a long story."
(I) can't see the point of…            /"kA:nt si: D@ 'pOInt @v/         (ik) zie het nut er niet van in                   I can't see the point of making beautiful-looking food that tastes awful!
Unit 4
take a risk                            /"teIk @ 'rIsk/                   een risico nemen                                  Gary took a risk and bought thousands of shares in the company.
gamble                                 /'g{mb@l/                         gokken                                            We cannot afford to take a gamble on a new product.
hazard                                 /'h{z@d/                          gevaar                                            Plastic bags can be a hazard to wildlife.
contract                               /'kÁntr{kt/                       contract                                          Read the contract carefully before you sign it.
at stake                               /@t 'steIk/                       op het spel                                       Everything we own is at stake – we can't afford for the company to fail.
ambition                               /{m'bIS@n/                        ambitie                                           Her ambition is to climb Mount Everest.
substantial                            /s@b'st{nS@l/                     substantieel                                      You will a substantial salary as an assistant to the Managing Director.
vast                                   /vA:st/                           enorm                                             Vast areas of rainforest have been cut down for use as timber.
obsession                              /@b'seS@n/                        obsessie                                          He has an obsession with collecting the numbers of every train he sees.
infatuation                            /In"f{tSu'eIS@n/                  bevlieging                                        She wasn't really in love with him, it was just a brief infatuation.
all-consuming passion                  /"O:l k@nsju:mIÎ 'p{S@n/          allesverterende passie                            He has an all-consuming passion for anything to do with aircraft.
tightrope                              /'taIt-r@Up/                      strak koord                                       I feel as though I'm walking a tightrope between success and failure.
safety net                             /'seIfti net/                     vangnet                                           The safety net of unemployment pay and pensions is a relatively recent phenomenon.
concentration                          /"kÁns@n'treIS@n/                 concentratie                                      They soon get tired and lose their concentration.
crowd                                  /kraUd/                           menigte                                           A large crowd of protestors gathered outside the US Embassy.
solo                                   /'s@Ul@U/                         solo                                              I don't really like his solo album.
in record time                         /In "rekO:d 'taIm/                in recordtijd                                     I got home in record time because Jack gave me a lift in his car.
battle                                 /'b{tl/                           vechten tegen                                     She battled bravely against cancer.
voyage                                 /'vOI-IdZ/                        reis                                              The voyage from England to India used to take six months.
risk one's life                        /"rIsk wönz 'laIf/                je leven riskeren                                 Sean risked his life to save the little boy from drowning.
sanity                                 /'s{n@ti/                         (geestelijke) gezondheid                          He lost his sanity after his children were killed.
sponsor                                /'spÁns@/                         sponsor                                           Eastman Kodak is a major sponsor of the Olympics.
cabin                                  /'k{bIn/                          kajuit, hut                                       We found an old log cabin in the woods and sheltered inside.
bunk                                   /böÎk/                            (stapel)bed                                       What a load of bunk!
chart table                            /'tSA:t "teIb@l/                  kaartentafel                                      Spread the maps out on the chart table in the forward cabin.
navigational equipment                 /"n{vI'geIS@n@l I"kwIpm@nt/       navigatieapparatuur                               Modern navigational equipment has made it much more difficult to get lost at sea.
gas burner                             /'g{s "bÆ:n@/                     gasbrander                                        There's no electricity, just a small gas burner that you can cook on.

                                                                                                           Page 12 of 31
                                                                                                                                                                                          Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                Nederlands                                       Example sentences
bucket                                 /'bökIt/                     emmer                                            Throw a bucket of water over those dogs to stop them fighting!
comforts                               /'kömf@ts/                   comfort                                          I like my home comforts, so I'm not keen on the idea of a camping holiday.
cuddly toy                             /"ködli 'tOI/                knuffelbeest                                     Where's that cuddly toy that little Jimmy always takes to bed with him?
dismissive of                          /dIs'mIsIv @v, Áv/           afwijzend tegenover                              They were very dismissive of my ideas, so I formed my own company.
multi-hull                             /"mölti 'höl/                met meerdere rompen                              We make multi-hull yachts that are much more stable than the single-hull versions.
feat                                   /fi:t/                       prestatie                                        It was an amazing feat of engineering to complete the building in two weeks.
misconception                          /"mIsk@n'sepS@n/             misvatting                                       He suffered from the misconception that only gay people can get AIDS.
it's all down to                       /Its 'O:l daUn t@/           het komt allemaal neer op                        I've done all I can – it's all down to you now.
muscle                                 /'mös@l/                     spierkracht                                      Diana does exercises to strengthen her leg muscles.
self-discipline                        /"self 'dIs@plIn/            zelfdiscipline                                   A lot of the kids seemed to lack self-discipline, and were very naughty.
on board                               /Án 'bO:d/                   aan boord                                        We'll take supplies on board when we get into port.
sextant                                /'sekst@nt/                  sextant                                          Use the sextant to see how far it is to the nearest land.
crude                                  /kru:d/                      ruw                                              I've built a crude model of the house to show you what it might look like.
barometer                              /b@'rÁmIt@/                  barometer                                        The barometer is rising, so we should have good weather tomorrow.
GPS positioning                        /"dZi: pi: es p@'zIS@nIÎ/    gps-plaatsbepaling                               Dave uses a GPS positioning device when he goes walking in the mountains.
accurate                               /'{kj@r@t/                   nauwkeurig                                       Patients should be given accurate information about their treatment.
plotting                               /'plÁtIÎ/                    bepalen                                          Plotting your position using the sun and a compass takes a lot more skill.
location                               /l@U'keIS@n/                 locatie                                          Draw a map showing the precise location of the accident.
veteran                                /'vet@r@n/                   veteraan                                         Veteran Hollywood entertainer Bob Hope was a favourite with British audiences.
guaranteed                             /"g{r@n'ti:d/                gegarandeerd                                     We sell furniture that adds a guaranteed touch of class to your home.
establish sb as                        /I'st{blIS "sömb@di @z/      iemands reputatie vestigen als                   Her great sense of humour established her as a popular after-dinner speaker.
distress call                          /dI'stres kO:l/              noodoproep                                       We received a distress call from the aircraft at 14.30 yesterday.
parachuting                            /'p{r@Su:tIÎ/                parachutespringen                                Parachuting is a popular way of raising money for charity.
dock                                   /dÁk/                        haven                                            A crowd was waiting at the dock in Plymouth to greet them.
wave (me) off                          /"weIv 'Áf/                  (me) uitzwaaien                                  All my friends and family have come to wave me off on my journey.
the Channel                            /D@ 'tS{nl/                  het Kanaal                                       Captain Webb was the first person to swim the Channel.
sink in                                /"sIÎk 'In/                  doordringen                                      He paused a moment for his words to sink in.
wire                                   /waI@/                       metaaldraad                                      I need some wire to connect the battery to the bulb.
release                                /rI'li:s/                    vrijlaten                                        The hostages were released this morning and taken straight to hospital.
trap                                   /tr{p/                       knellen; ook: vastzitten                         Two people were trapped in the burning building.
valve                                  /v{lv/                       klep                                             The valves of the heart control the flow of blood.
spurt out                              /"spÆ:t 'aUt/                eruit spuiten                                    Water spurted out from the burst tap in the sink.
throbbing                              /'TrÁbIÎ/                    kloppend                                         I have a throbbing headache and I feel sick.
steep                                  /sti:p/                      steil                                            Joanna likes going biking up and down steep mountain tracks.
savage                                 /'s{vIdZ/                    woest                                            He committed three savage murders in the 1930s.
forty-five knot blasts                 /"fO:ti faIv nÁt 'blA:sts/   windstoten van 45 knopen                         The wind was increasing, with forty-five knot blasts that tore at the sails.
horrific                               /hÁ'rIfIk, h@-/              verschrikkelijk                                  The survivors landed on the island after a horrific plane crash.
leap                                   /li:p/                       springen                                         She leapt over the fence and ran across the field.
carbon                                 /'kA:b@n/                    koolstof                                         How many carbon atoms are there in this small piece of coal?
shelving                               /'SelvIÎ/                    planken                                          I'm going to take down the kitchen shelving and put up more cupboards instead.
be stacked                             /bi 'st{kt/                  opgestapeld zijn                                 The dinner plates are always stacked in the second cupboard from the right.
emotional outlet                       /I"m@US@n@l 'aUtlet, -l@t/   emotionele uitlaatklep                           He has to do what he's told all day, so yelling at the ref is an emotional outlet for him.
blog                                   /blÁg/                       blog                                             Tim often contributes to blogs about the political situation in South Africa.
updating                               /öp'deItIÎ/                  bijwerken, updaten                               Updating your software is a good idea, but it can be very expensive.
link                                   /lIÎk/                       link                                             The chief constable talked about the link between drug use and crime.
get carried away                       /get "k{rid @'weI/           meegesleept worden                               My son got a bit carried away and downloaded three complete movies last night!
curious                                /'kjU@ri@s/                  nieuwsgierig                                     Babies are naturally curious about the world they've just entered.
swing                                  /swIÎ/                       zwaaien                                          Outside the pub there was a sign swinging in the wind.
land                                   /l{nd/                       landen                                           Has her flight landed yet?
bend                                   /bend/                       buigen                                           Bend your knees slightly.

                                                                                                     Page 13 of 31
                                                                                                                                                                                             Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                   Nederlands                                        Example sentences
balance                                /'b{l@ns/                       balanceren                                        Can you balance on one leg?
stretch                                /stretS/                        uitrekken                                         This new job will really stretch his abilities.
flip                                   /flIp/                          een salto maken                                   She flipped the book over and looked on the back.
tuck                                   /tök/                           intrekken                                         John tucked his shirt into his trousers.
roll                                   /r@Ul/                          koprol maken                                      The ball rolled across the lawn.
lean                                   /li:n/                          leunen                                            Lean back in your seat and enjoy the ride.
shoulder                               /'S@Uld@/                       schouder                                          She rested her head on my shoulder.
diagonally                             /daI'{g@n@li/                   diagonaal                                         Tony was sitting diagonally opposite me.
urban                                  /'Æ:b@n/                        stedelijk                                         He prefers taking photographs of urban landscape rather than the countryside.
landscape                              /'l{ndskeIp/                    landschap                                         Constable and Gainsborough were famous landscape painters.
obstacle course                        /'ÁbstIk@l "kO:s/               hindernisbaan                                     Getting across this room is like an obstacle course, with all these toys lying about!
opt to (do)                            /'Ápt t@/                       ervoor kiezen om                                  Harry opted to do Maths in his final two years at school.
zen-like                               /'zen laIk/                     zenachtig                                         This garden has a zen-like, peaceful quality to it.
setback                                /'setb{k/                       tegenslag                                         Today's result was a major setback for the team.
momentum                               /m@U'ment@m, m@-/               vaart                                             The campaign continued to gather momentum.
spine                                  /spaIn/                         wervelkolom                                       Tom injured his spine when he fell off his horse one day.
transfer                               /tr{ns'fÆ:/                     overdragen                                        Stella's been transferred to head office.
heel                                   /hi:l/                          hiel                                              He wears walking boots with thick heels to help cushion his feet.
death-defying                          /'deT dI"faI-IÎ/                met doodsverachting                               The death-defying film stunts are usually done by stunt men, not the actors.
handstand                              /'h{ndst{nd/                    handstand                                         Whenever I try to do a handstand I always fall over backwards.
suppress                               /s@'pres/                       onderdrukken                                      The army was called in to suppress the rebellion.
rigid                                  /'rIdZId/                       star                                              Some religions have very rigid ideas about who you are allowed to marry.
co-ordination                          /k@U"O:dI'neIS@n/               coördinatie                                       I like music, but I don't have the hand-eye co-ordination to play the piano.
massive                                /'m{sIv/                        enorm                                             There's a massive dog in the garden – I'm not going in!
competitive                            /k@m'pet@tIv/                   competitiegericht                                 Boys are more competitive than girls.
fit                                    /fIt/                           fit                                               Ronaldo was overweight and not very fit in the last World Cup.
whitewater rafting                     /"waItwO:t@ 'rA:ftIÎ/           wildwatervaren                                    We went whitewater rafting when we were on holiday in New Zealand.
hold sb responsible                    /"h@Uld sömb@di rI'spÁns@b@l/   iemand verantwoordelijk stellen                   If anything goes wrong, I'm going to hold you personally responsible!
injured                                /'IndZ@d/                       gewond                                            The injured passengers were taken to hospital.
guy                                    /gaI/                           vent                                              He's a really nice guy.
lifejacket                             /'laIf"dZ{kIt/                  zwemvest                                          You have to wear a lifejacket or you're not allowed to get on the boat.
crash helmet                           /'kr{S "helm@t/                 valhelm                                           UK law says that you must wear a crash helmet when you ride a motorbike.
trainers                               /'treIn@z/                      sportschoenen                                     You're not allowed to wear trainers with black soles on the squash court.
rollercoaster                          /'r@Ul@"k@Ust@/                 achtbaan                                          He travels round the USA riding on the biggest rollercoasters he can find.
struggle                               /'strög@l/                      worsteling                                        Every day is a struggle for survival in the jungle.
reluctantly                            /rI'lökt@ntli/                  met tegenzin                                      She reluctantly admitted that I was right.
share a common spirit                  /"Se@ @ "kÁm@n 'spIrIt/         dezelfde levenslust hebben                        Many famous sports men and women share a common spirit of determination.
pinnacle                               /'pIn@k@l/                      hoogtepunt                                        She reached the pinnacle of her career at the age of 45.
illegal punch                          /I"li:g@l 'pöntS/               onreglementaire slag                              The boxer was disqualified because he threw an illegal punch.
opponent                               /@'p@Un@nt/                     tegenstander                                      His opponent is twice as big as he is.
paralysed                              /'p{r@laIzd/                    verlamd                                           The accident left him permanently paralysed in both legs.
guilt                                  /gIlt/                          schuld                                            She felt a terrible sense of guilt and shame.
oyster                                 /'OIst@/                        oester                                            The hotel is famous for its oysters and champagne.
turn out                               /"tÆ:n 'aUt/                    blijken                                           It was a difficult time, but eventually things turned out all right.
work out                               /"wÆ:k 'aUt/                    erachter komen, uitwerken                         UN negotiators have worked out a set of compromise proposals.
give out                               /"gIv 'aUt/                     uitreiken                                         Can you give the drinks out, please?
put out                                /"pUt 'aUt/                     blussen                                           The rescue services are still trying to put out the fires.
sort sth out                           /"sO:t sömTIÎ 'aUt/             iets uitzoeken                                    It might be difficult for me to come, but I'll try to sort something out.
ironing                                /'aI@nIÎ/                       strijken                                          I hate doing the ironing.
ravine                                 /r@'vi:n/                       ravijn                                            He fell into a ravine in the hills and broke his leg.

                                                                                                         Page 14 of 31
                                                                                                                                                                                          Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                    Nederlands                                     Example sentences
Mind you,…                             /"maInd 'ju:/                    let wel...                                     Generally, I don't like sweet things. Mind you, I love ice cream!
put sb off                             /"pUt sömb@di 'Áf/               iemand iets tegen maken                        When she told me the salary it really put me off taking the job.
rug                                    /rög/                            kleed                                          He learnt the art of rug making from his mother.
shallow                                /'S{l@U/                         ondiep                                         The water only comes up to your waist at the shallow end of the pool.
intend to                              /In'tend t@/                     van plan zijn                                  After university I intend to look for a job in the entertainment industry.
muscular                               /'möskj@l@/                      gespierd                                       His strong, muscular arms were what she found most attractive about him.
low-risk strategy                      /"l@U rIsk 'str{t@dZi/           strategie met weinig risico                    One low-risk strategy for saving your money is to put it into a building society account.
high-risk strategy                     /"haI rIsk 'str{t@dZi/           strategie met veel risico                      Buying shares is a more high-risk strategy because you might lose your money.
long-term                              /"lÁÎ 'tÆ:m/                     langetermijn                                   The long-term effects of smoking are now known to include a risk of lung cancer.
short-term                             /"SO:t 'tÆ:m/                    kortetermijn                                   Keeping a dog as a pet is not a short-term proposition.
local                                  /'l@Uk@l/                        lokaal                                         Our kids go to the local school – it's just down the road.
long-distance                          /"lÁÎ 'dIst@ns/                  interlokaal                                    This terminal is just for passengers on long-distance flights.
short cut                              /'SO:t köt/                      kortere weg                                    He took a short cut across the fields.
long way round                         /"lÁÎ weI 'raUnd/                langere weg                                    We'll go the long way round, because the view is prettier.
broad-minded                           /"brO:d 'maIndId/                ruimdenkend                                    He's quite broad-minded and doesn't mind the occasional rude joke.
narrow-minded                          /"n{r@U 'maIndId/                kleingeestig                                   His attitude is narrow-minded and insensitive.
skinny                                 /'skIni/                         mager                                          Some supermodels are far too skinny.
slim                                   /slIm/                           slank                                          You're looking a lot slimmer – have you lost weight?
shallow (person)                       /'S{l@U/                         oppervlakkig (persoon)                         She's a shallow person who only really cares about money and possessions.
deep (person)                          /di:p/                           met diepgang (persoon)                         She seems quite deep because she thinks a lot but says very little.
be thrown in at the deep end           /bi "Tr@Un In @t D@ 'di:p end/   in het diepe gegooid worden                    He threw her in at the deep end by putting her in charge on her first day.
be deep in thought                     /bi "di:p In 'TO:t/              in gedachten verzonken zijn                    He sat and stared out to sea, deep in thought.
go off at the deep end                 /g@U "Áf @t D@ 'di:p end/        uit je vel springen                            Mum will go off at the deep end when she sees this mess!
still waters run deep                  /"stIl 'wO:t@z "rön 'di:p/       stille wateren hebben diepe gronden            You're very quiet. Still waters run deep, eh?
expand a business                      /Ik"sp{nd @ 'bIzn@s/             een zaak uitbreiden                            She wants to expand the business by starting to sell some new products.
extend a house                         /Ik"stend @ 'haUs/               een huis uitbouwen                             They've extended the house into part of the back garden.
spread                                 /spred/                          zich uitbreiden                                Fire spread quickly through the building.
lengthy conversation                   /"leÎTi kÁnv@'seIS@n/            lang gesprek                                   It took several lengthy conversations with officials before we were allowed in.
contract                               /k@n'tr{kt/                      zich samentrekken                              Metal contracts as it cools.
shrink                                 /SrIÎk/                          krimpen                                        The size of families has been shrinking since the 1970s.
plain sailing                          /"pleIn 'seIlIÎ/                 gemakkelijk werk                               That's the difficult part over – it should all be plain sailing from here on.
in one piece                           /In "wön 'pi:s/                  ongedeerd                                      Don't drive so fast! I'd like to get there in one piece!
lung capacity                          /'löÎ k@"p{s@ti/                 longinhoud                                     If you'd like to start running on the treadmill, we'll test your lung capacity.
chin                                   /tSIn/                           kin                                            He rubbed his chin thoughtfully.
chest                                  /tSest/                          borst                                          I like a man with a hairy chest.
promising                              /'prÁm@sIÎ/                      veelbelovend                                   She met him Olivier he was still just a promising young actor.
Unit 5
nostalgic                              /nÁ'st{ldZIk/                    nostalgisch                                    Seeing those old school photographs has made me feel quite nostalgic.
memory                                 /'mem@ri/                        geheugen                                       She has a very good memory for faces.
memorable                              /'mem@r@b@l/                     gedenkwaardig                                  It's been a memorable day for President Bush and Tony Blair.
reminisce                              /"rem@'nIs/                      terugdenken                                    We were reminiscing fondly about our college days.
intense gaze                           /In"tens 'geIz/                  intense blik                                   He has extremely blue eyes and a very intense gaze.
bench                                  /bentS/                          bank                                           We sat on a park bench to eat our sandwiches.
slight                                 /slaIt/                          tenger; ook: licht                             Jimmy has made a slight improvement in his grades this term.
balding                                /'bO:ldIÎ/                       kalend                                         I was approached by a balding man in his mid-thirties.
eyebrows                               /'aIbraUz/                       wenkbrauwen                                    He raised his eyebrows in surprise.
moustache                              /m@'stA:S/                       snor                                           He's shaved off his moustache and beard.
noble                                  /'n@Ub@l/                        nobel                                          It was a noble idea to help them, but the money is not getting to the right places.
immune to                              /I'mju:n t@, tU/                 immuun voor                                    Don't bother complimenting her – she's immune to flattery.
bureaucratic                           /"bjU@r@'kr{tIk/                 bureaucratisch                                 After I lost my passport I found myself in the middle of a bureaucratic nightmare.

                                                                                                       Page 15 of 31
                                                                                                                                                                                               Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                    Nederlands                                             Example sentences
nightmare                              /'naItme@/                       nachtmerrie                                         I still have nightmares about the accident.
insanely                               /In'seInli/                      waanzinnig                                          Her boyfriend is insanely jealous and doesn't even like her talking to anyone else.
refugee                                /"refjU'dZi:/                    vluchteling                                         The camera crew stopped at a refugee camp near the border.
papers (official)                      /'peIp@z/                        papieren (officiële)                                The soldiers demanded to see our papers before they would let us proceed.
be catapulted into sth                 /bi "k{t@pöltId 'Int@ "sömTIÎ/   gelanceerd worden naar iets                         Her relationship with a well-known footballer catapulted her to fame.
adapted                                /@'d{ptId/                       aangepast                                           Our car has been adapted to take unleaded fuel.
version                                /'vÆ:S@n/                        versie                                              I prefer the original version of the film to this new one.
anchor                                 /'{Îk@/                          houvast; letterlijk: anker                          The ship lat at anchor in the bay.
pillow                                 /'pIl@U/                         kussen                                              I'll be asleep as soon as my head hits the pillow.
extensive                              /Ik'stensIv/                     uitgebreid                                          The exhibition received extensive media coverage.
straw                                  /strO:/                          rietje                                              Can we have one bottle of lemonade and two straws, please?
dignity                                /'dIgn@ti/                       waardigheid                                         She spoke with courage and dignity about her troubled life.
content                                /k@n'tent/                       tevreden                                            She seems content to keep on doing the same job till she retires.
self-sufficiency                       /"self s@'fIS@nsi/               zelfredzaamheid                                     The course teaches you about self-sufficiency and managing on your own.
meticulously                           /m@'tIkjUl@sli/                  nauwgezet                                           He read the book meticulously, looking for any mistakes.
groomed                                /gru:md/                         verzorgd                                            Chris is always smart and well groomed.
tip                                    /tIp/                            fooi; ook: punt                                     You've got a raindrop on the tip of your nose.
intellectual                           /"Int@'lektSu@l/                 intellectueel                                       Leading British intellectuals have condemned the government's plans.
thrilled                               /TrIld/                          ontzettend blij                                     We were so thrilled to hear about the new baby!
be under the impression that           /bi "önd@ D@ Im'preS@n D@t/      de indruk hebben dat                                I was under the impression that you were going to pay me more than this.
aim to please                          /"eIm t@ 'pli:z/                                                                     We
                                                                        de bedoeling hebben om het iemand naar de zin te maken aim to please – we want the customer to go away happy.
play on sb's sympathy                  /"pleI Án sömb@diz 'sImp@Ti/     op iemands gevoel spelen                            Don't try to play on my sympathy – it's your own fault you're in this mess!
scruffy                                /'skröfi/                        sjofel                                              He wore a scruffy pair of jeans and some old, dirty trainers.
elegant                                /'elIg@nt/                       elegant                                             Everyone was so elegant and well dressed that I felt scruffy.
clean-shaven                           /"kli:n 'SeIv@n/                 gladgeschoren                                       I don't bother about being clean-shaven at the weekends.
curly                                  /'kÆ:li/                         krullend                                            The little boy had long dark curly hair and huge brown eyes.
chubby                                 /'tSöbi/                         mollig                                              That baby has really healthy-looking, chubby cheeks!
wavy                                   /'weIvi/                         golvend                                             She has wavy hair, not straight or curly.
stocky                                 /'stÁki/                         gedrongen                                           A stocky man was standing outside the club telling people to go away.
dyed                                   /daId/                           geverfd                                             Her hair was dyed blonde, but you could see her real colour was brown.
going a bit bald                       /"g@UIÎ @ bIt 'bO:ld/            een beetje kaal worden                              George is going a bit bald on top these days.
mousy                                  /'maUsi/                         muizig                                              She had brown mousy hair and a very ordinary kind of face.
tanned                                 /t{nd/                           gebruind                                            He had a tough, tanned face from spending so much time outdoors.
spiky                                  /'spaIki/                        stekelig                                            Punks often have spiky hair in bright colours like red and green.
lawn                                   /lO:n/                           gazon                                               I spent all morning mowing the lawn.
make out                               /"meIk 'aUt/                     onderscheiden                                       He could just make out a dark shape moving towards him.
rambling                               /'r{mblIÎ/                       grillig                                             They have a huge rambling house with corridors that seem to go on for ever.
pretty much to ourselves               /"prIti mötS tU aU@'selvz/       grotendeels voor onszelf                            We had the place pretty much to ourselves for the whole week.
mess around                            /"mes @'raUnd/                   iets uithalen, rondhangen                           He likes just messing around in the garage at weekends.
model child                            /"mÁdl 'tSaIld/                  modelkind                                           He wasn't exactly a model child – he was always getting into trouble.
Shame really.                          /'SeIm "rI@li/                   Jammer eigenlijk                                    You never met my brother, did you? Shame really – you'd have liked him.
hold one's breath                      /"h@Uld wönz 'breT/              je adem inhouden                                    I held my breath and counted to 20, hoping that my hiccups would stop.
end up                                 /"end 'öp/                       terechtkomen                                        He came round for a coffee and ended up staying for six months!
target                                 /'tA:gIt/                        doel                                                Airports are prime targets for terrorist attacks.
bonus                                  /'b@Un@s/                        bonus                                               Does the company give its employees a Christmas bonus?
confused                               /k@n'fju:zd/                     in de war                                           He was totally confused and didn't even know what day it was.
suspicious                             /s@'spIS@s/                      achterdochtig                                       The army were called in when a suspicious package was delivered.
sceptical                              /'skeptIk@l/                     sceptisch                                           I'm highly sceptical about what I read in the press.
optimistic                             /"Ápt@'mIstIk/                   optimistisch                                        Tom's very optimistic about finding a job.
relieved                               /rI'li:vd/                       opgelucht                                           I was relieved to be back home, safe and sound.

                                                                                                        Page 16 of 31
                                                                                                                                                                                        Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                    Nederlands                                      Example sentences
drop all charges against sb                                             alle
                                       /"drÁp O:l 'tSA:dZIz @genst "sömb@di/aanklachten jegens iemand laten vallen      The police have dropped all charges against three of the suspects.
tackle a problem                       /"t{k@l @ 'prÁbl@m/              een probleem aanpakken                          How are we going to tackle the problem of John's laziness?
comparatively                          /k@m'p{r@tIvli/                  relatief                                        Videos are still comparatively expensive.
with open arms                         /wID "@Up@n 'A:mz/               met open armen                                  I'd welcome any suggestions you have with open arms.
mere                                   /mI@/                            slechts                                         She won by a mere two points.
bring oneself to                       /'brIÎ wön"self t@, tU/          zich ertoe zetten                               I'm not sure if I can bring myself to tell him the truth.
be on edge                             /bi Án 'edZ/                     gespannen                                       He's been feeling nervous and on edge all week.
irresistibly                           /"Ir@'zIst@bli/                  onweerstaanbaar                                 She was irresistibly drawn to him because of his charm.
weep                                   /wi:p/                           huilen                                          She wept with relief when they told her he was safe.
meaningful                             /'mi:nIÎf@l/                     betekenisvol                                    The space probe has sent back data that is meaningful only to scientists.
self-centred                           /"self 'sent@d/                  egoïstisch                                      She's very self-centred and never thinks about anyone else.
deny                                   /dI'naI/                         ontkennen                                       In court they denied all the charges.
nausea                                 /'nO:zi@, -si@/                  misselijkheid                                   A feeling of nausea suddenly came over me as the ship leaned to one side.
notion                                 /'n@US@n/                        idee                                            Where did you get the notion that I was leaving?
furious                                /'fjU@ri@s/                      woedend                                         He is furious at the court's decision.
stepmother                             /'stepmöD@/                      stiefmoeder                                     Cassie plays the wicked stepmother in "Cinderella".
curtain                                /'kÆ:tn/                         gordijn                                         We need a new pair of curtains for the living room window.
cushion                                /'kUS@n/                         kussen                                          Good sports shoes provide a cushion when running.
label                                  /'leIb@l/                        label                                           Always read the instructions on the label.
attached                               /@'t{tSt/                        bevestigd                                       Please find attached the file that I promised to send you.
parcel                                 /'pA:s@l/                        pakket                                          The parcel was delivered by courier last week.
ink                                    /IÎk/                            inkt                                            The paper carried a message written in black ink.
fade                                   /feId/                           verbleken                                       Hopes of peace are beginning to fade.
come across                            /"köm @'krÁs/                    tegenkomen                                      I came across an old diary in her desk.
cold fish                              /"k@Uld 'fIS/                    koude kikker                                    Tom's a cold fish who never shows any emotion.
as hard as nails                       /@z "hA:d @z 'neIlz/             spijkerhard                                     These cakes are as hard as nails! How long did you bake them for?
pain in the neck                       /"peIn In D@ 'nek/               lastpak                                         My boss is a pain in the neck who's always telling me to work harder.
(his) heart's in the right place       /Iz "hA:ts In D@ "raIt 'pleIs/   hij heeft het hart op de goede plaats           He's very strict with the children, but his heart's in the right place.
awkward customer                       /"O:kw@d 'köst@m@/               lastige klant                                   Mary's a bit of an awkward customer who likes to get a good price for everything.
a real know-all                        /@ "rI@l 'n@U O:l/               een echte betweter                              He's a real know-all when it comes to computers.
high-flyer                             /"haI 'flaI@/                    hoogvlieger                                     The high-flyers in the company get well paid for their work.
loner                                  /'l@Un@/                         eenling, einzelgänger                           Ken's always been a bit of a loner.
archaeologist                          /"A:ki'Ál@dZIst/                 archeoloog                                      Some archaeologists have started digging in the field down the road.
alien                                  /'eIli@n/                        buitenaards                                     In the story, scientists tried to capture the alien life forms to study them.
being                                  /'bi:IÎ/                         wezen                                           Strange beings from outer space have drawn circles in our field.
time capsule                           /'taIm "k{psju:l/                tijdcapsule                                     They buried a time capsule which they hoped people would dig up in 100 years' time.
sensation                              /sen'seIS@n/                     sensatie                                        She had a tingling sensation in her hands.
artefact                               /'A:tIf{kt/                      voorwerp                                        Egyptian artefacts have been stolen from the museum in the city.
buried                                 /'berid/                         begraven                                        She was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery.
crumbling                              /'krömblIÎ/                      uit elkaar vallend                              They own an old, crumbling mansion in Oxfordshire.
coin                                   /kOIn/                           munt                                            Have you got any pound coins for the machine?
leave (your) mark                      /"li:v j@ 'mA:k/                 (je) stempel drukken                            George Eastman certainly left his mark on the photographic industry.
nanny                                  /'n{ni/                          kindermeisje                                    She found a job as a nanny with a wealthy Italian family.
naughty                                /'nO:ti/                         stout                                           You're a very naughty boy! Look what you've done!
cross                                  /krÁs/                           boos                                            Are you cross with me?
tentative                              /'tent@tIv/                      aarzelend                                       She gave me a tentative smile and slowly came into the room.
chess                                  /tSes/                           schaken                                         They meet fairly often to play chess.
throw up                               /"Tr@U 'öp/                      overgeven                                       Georgia was bent over the basin, throwing up.
hanging around                         /"h{ÎIÎ @'raUnd/                 rondhangen                                      He spends far too much time hanging around doing nothing with his mates.
go out on a date                       /g@U "aUt Án @ 'deIt/            uitgaan met iemand                              I'm going out on a date with Jo tonight, so don't wait up.

                                                                                                        Page 17 of 31
                                                                                                                                                                                            Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                      Nederlands                                       Example sentences
meaningless                            /'mi:nIÎl@s/                       zonder betekenis                                 Life felt meaningless since the death of his wife and daughter.
mirror (my) own life                   /"mIr@ maI '@Un laIf/              een afspiegeling zijn van (mijn) eigen leven     What had happened to her in the past year mirrored events in his own life.
rust                                   /röst/                             roesten                                          The metal had begun to rust and flake off in pieces.
leak                                   /li:k/                             lekken                                           The roof is leaking, and water is pouring into the bedroom.
hard-wearing                           /"hA:d 'we@rIÎ/                    duurzaam                                         I want a new pair of hard-wearing shoes for wearing to work.
aluminium                              /"{l@'mIni@m/                      aluminium                                        Recycled aluminium cans were used to make the body of the car.
stainless steel                        /"steInl@s 'sti:l/                 roestvast staal                                  The best cutlery is made from stainless steel in Sheffield.
deteriorate                            /dI'tI@ri@reIt/                    in verval raken                                  David's health deteriorated rapidly, and he died two days later.
stable                                 /'steIb@l/                         duurzaam                                         For the first time, she's in a stable relationship.
bearing in mind                        /"be@rIÎ In 'maInd/                om rekening mee te houden                        Bearing mind what the weather forecast said, I'm going to take an umbrella.
Unit 6
have itchy feet                        /h{v "ItSi 'fi:t/                  ongedurig worden                                 He's got itchy feet and wants to start travelling the world again.
go into uncharted territory            /"g@U Int@ ön"tSA:tId 'ter@t@ri/   onontdekte gebieden in trekken                   The space craft will be going into uncharted territory once it passes Jupiter.
independent traveller                  /"Ind@pend@nt 'tr{v@l@/            zelfstandig reiziger                             This travel agency caters for the independent traveller.
wander around                          /"wÁnd@r @'raUnd/                  rondzwerven                                      Let's just go into town and wander around looking at the shops.
be bitten by the travel bug            /bi "bItn baI D@ 'tr{v@l bög/      reiskoorts hebben                                Since he went to Australia he's really been bitten by the travel bug.
experience real culture shock          /Ik"spI@ri@ns rI@l 'költS@ "SÁk/   een echte cultuurschok ervaren                   They experienced real culture shock when they saw all the beggars in the streets.
jungle                                 /'dZöÎg@l/                         oerwoud                                          The Amazon jungle is home to many animals not found anywhere else.
civilisation                           /"sIv@l-aI'zeIS@n/                 beschaving                                       We like to get right out into the country, away from civilisation.
fly                                    /flaI/                             vlieg                                            There were flies all over the food.
sweat                                  /swet/                             zweet                                            Beads of sweat appeared on his forehead.
bee                                    /bi:/                              bij                                              A swarm of bees attacked them and stung them all over.
hell                                   /hel/                              hel                                              He made my life hell when I worked under him.
all in a day's work                    /"O:l In @ "deIz 'wÆ:k/            heel normaal                                     Spending millions of pounds is all in a day's work to some people in the City.
(hotel) lounge                         /laUndZ/                           lounge (van een hotel)                           Have a seat in the lounge and we'll tell you when your table is ready.
gruelling                              /'gru:@lIÎ/                        slopend                                          It was a gruelling journey through 20 miles of featureless desert.
dense                                  /dens/                             dicht                                            Dense pine forests cover a large part of the mountainside.
fascinating                            /'f{s@neItIÎ/                      fascinerend                                      I found History to be a fascinating subject when I was at school.
daunting                               /'dO:ntIÎ/                         angstaanjagend                                   The trip seemed rather daunting for a young girl.
challenging                            /'tS{l@ndZIÎ/                      uitdagend                                        It's been a challenging year, but we succeeded in the end.
petrified                              /'petrIfaId/                       doodsbang                                        I'm absolutely petrified of dogs.
rope                                   /r@Up/                             touw                                             Fasten this rope round your waist and I'll lower you down.
plummet                                /'plöm@t/                          als een baksteen vallen                          House prices have plummeted over the past year.
clinging                               /'klIÎIÎ/                          klevend                                          The little girl was clinging to her mother's skirt.
stinging                               /'stIÎIÎ/                          stekend                                          Labour made a stinging attack on the Conservatives' policies.
sucking                                /'sökIÎ/                           zuigend                                          Barry was sucking on an ice lolly to cool him down.
beast                                  /bi:st/                            beest                                            Some little beast has bitten my arm six times!
mosquito                               /m@'ski:t@U/                       muskiet                                          I'm covered in mosquito bites!
be plagued by                          /bi 'pleIgd baI/                   geplaagd worden door                             During the day we were constantly plagued by flies.
bite                                   /baIt/                             beet; ook: hap                                   He took a bite of the cheese.
disgusting                             /dIs'göstIÎ/                       walgelijk                                        The way he treats her is disgusting.
slimy                                  /'slaImi/                          slijmerig                                        The snails have left slimy trails all over my plant pots.
leech                                  /li:tS/                            bloedzuiger                                      Doctors used to put leeches on their patients' skin to suck their blood out.
jaws                                   /dZO:z/                            kaken                                            You don't want to get anywhere near a crocodile's jaws.
film crew                              /'fIlm kru:/                       filmploeg                                        Michael Palin took a film crew with him when he crossed the Sahara.
inspiring                              /In'spaI@rIÎ/                      inspirerend                                      They made an inspiring film about the harsh life of the Inuit people.
urban tower block                      /"Æ:b@n 'taU@ blÁk/                flatgebouw                                       Some of these urban tower blocks are horrible places to live in.
disruption                             /dIs'röpS@n/                       verstoring                                       The strike caused widespread disruption to the rail network.
species                                /'spi:Si:z/                        soort                                            Three different species of deer live in the forest.
out of place                           /"aUt @v 'pleIs/                   niet op je plaats                                I feel a bit out of place – everyone else is smart and I look scruffy.

                                                                                                           Page 18 of 31
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Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation              Nederlands                                     Example sentences
expedition                             /"eksp@'dIS@n/             expeditie                                      The are planning an expedition to the North Pole next year.
put up                                 /"pUt 'öp/                 opzetten, neerzetten                           They're putting up several new office blocks in the centre of town.
tent                                   /tent/                     tent                                           We looked for a place to put up our tent.
bumpy                                  /'bömpi/                   hobbelig                                       The road between here and the city is bumpy and full of holes.
snail                                  /sneIl/                    slak                                           Traffic was moving at a snail's pace.
sanctuary                              /'s{ÎktSu@ri, -tS@ri/      asiel                                          The refugees were seeking sanctuary in Australia.
rewarding                              /rI'wO:dIÎ/                voldoening schenkend                           She just wants a rewarding job, whether it pays well or not.
project                                /'prÁdZekt/                project                                        He's offering me work on a three-year research project at the university.
orphanage                              /'O:f@nIdZ/                weeshuis                                       He was raised in an orphanage after his parents died in an accident.
exclamation mark                       /"ekskl@'meIS@n mA:k/      uitroepteken                                   You must be blind if you can't see the exclamation mark at the end of this sentence!
question mark                          /'kwestS@n mA:k/           vraagteken                                     A big question mark hangs over the company's future.
apostrophe                             /@'pÁstr@fi/               apostrof                                       "It's" only has an apostrophe in it when it's short for "it is".
dash                                   /d{S/                      liggend streepje                               Dots and dashes are used to write down letters in Morse code.
flourishing                            /'flör@SIÎ/                bloeiend                                       They are partners in a flourishing furniture business.
precious                               /'preS@s/                  kostbaar                                       We cannot afford to waste precious time.
sacred                                 /'seIkrId/                 heilig                                         The Bible is a sacred book for people who believe in Christianity.
in harmony with                        /In 'hA:m@ni wID, wIT/     in harmonie met                                Kate stretched out under the stars and felt in harmony with nature.
pristine                               /'prIsti:n/                maagdelijk                                     This 1973 Volkswagen in pristine condition is yours for only £12,000.
discrimination                         /dI"skrIm@'neIS@n/         discriminatie                                  There is widespread discrimination against older people in the job market.
safeguard                              /'seIfgA:d/                veiligstellen                                  The industry has a duty to safeguard consumers.
adopt an approach                      /@"dÁpt @n @'pr@UtS/       een houding aannemen                           What approach are you going to adopt with him when you tell him he's sacked?
cautious                               /'kO:S@s/                  voorzichtig                                    The old lady was a cautious driver who never went over 30 miles an hour.
prepaid                                /"pri:'peId/               vooraf betaald                                 They've enclosed a prepaid envelope for me to send the book back in.
package tour                           /'p{kIdZ tU@/              georganiseerde rondreis                        Package tours are often cheaper than booking your flight and hotel separately.
humid                                  /'hju:mId/                 vochtig                                        I don't mind when it's hot, but I don't like the humid heat you get in some places.
breeze                                 /bri:z/                    briesje                                        A light breeze gently stirred the sails of the yachts in the harbour.
clear                                  /klI@/                     onbewolkt                                      The air was very clear, and we could see for miles.
mild                                   /maIld/                    zacht                                          We are lucky to have a mild climate, without the severe winters they get in Canada.
scorching                              /'skO:tSIÎ/                verschroeiend                                  The scorching heat of an Australian summer dries out many plants.
pour                                   /pO:/                      gieten                                         Take an umbrella – it's going to pour later.
subzero temperatures                   /"söbzI@r@U 'tempr@tS@z/   temperaturen onder het vriespunt               Although the days are hot, we often get subzero temperatures at night.
changeable                             /'tSeIndZ@b@l/             wisselvallig                                   Today's weather will be changeable, with some sun but also lots of rain.
bright                                 /braIt/                    zonnig                                         Those bright lights in the sky are the aurora borealis.
showery                                /'SaU@ri/                  regenachtig                                    It will be a showery afternoon, but the rain will stop later this evening.
chilly                                 /'tSIli/                   kil                                            It was a chilly morning, but it warmed up in the afternoon.
drizzle                                /'drIz@l/                  miezeren                                       It had just begun to drizzle.
soaked                                 /s@Ukt/                    doorweekt                                      I'm soaked through.
in the shade                           /In D@ 'SeId/              in de schaduw                                  Let's go and sit in the shade of that tree.
cloud                                  /klaUd/                    wolk                                           There were no clouds in the sky.
jacket                                 /'dZ{kIt/                  jack                                           He was wearing jeans and a leather jacket.
trekking                               /'trekIÎ/                  trektochten maken                              We went pony trekking in the Welsh hills.
gear                                   /gI@/                      uitrusting                                     Make sure you take rain gear in case the weather gets worse.
be provided                            /bi pr@'vaIdId/            voor gezorgd worden                            Evening meals are provided, but you have to buy your own lunch.
ingredient                             /In'gri:di@nt/             bestanddeel                                    Mix the ingredients together in a bowl.
flag                                   /fl{g/                     vlag                                           The French flag has stripes of blue, white and red.
cliff                                  /klIf/                     klif                                           We could see the white cliffs of Dover from halfway across the Channel.
grape                                  /greIp/                    druif                                          Can I have a bunch of black grapes, please?
olive                                  /'ÁlIv/                    olijf                                          The Italians use a lot of olive oil in their cooking.
date palm                              /'deIt pA:m/               dadelpalm                                      We could it was a tropical country by the date palms that were all around.
fig                                    /fIg/                      vijg                                           "Do you like figs?" "Only when they're in biscuits."

                                                                                                 Page 19 of 31
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Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation               Nederlands                                      Example sentences
apricot                                /'eIprIkÁt/                 abrikoos                                        The baby had a soft, slightly downy face, like the skin of an apricot.
citrus fruit                           /'sItr@s fru:t/             citrusvruchten                                  Citrus fruit is good for you, and you should eat it every day.
sand dunes                             /'s{nd dju:nz/              zandduinen                                      The wind had blown the sand dunes into amazing shapes.
tastefully                             /'teIstf@li/                smaakvol                                        This block contains 40 tastefully furnished apartments, all at reasonable prices.
furnished                              /'fÆ:nISt/                  gemeubileerd                                    The hotel is comfortably furnished.
fan                                    /f{n/                       ventilator                                      The ceiling fan moved the air around and cooled it slightly.
terrace                                /'ter@s/                    terras                                          The terrace at the back of their house looks over the beach and the sea beyond.
mountain range                         /'maUnt@n reIndZ/           bergketen                                       The mountain range looked blue in the distance.
delicious                              /dI'lIS@s/                  heerlijk                                        That was a delicious meal, Frances – thanks!
(be) baked                             /beIkt/                     gebakken (worden)                               The food is baked by being covered with leaves and buried in the hot sand.
emigrate                               /'emIgreIt/                 emigreren                                       His parents emigrated to France when he was three years old.
abroad                                 /@'brO:d/                   in/naar het buitenland                          He often has to go abroad on business.
move house                             /"mu:v 'haUs/               verhuizen                                       We're moving house at the end of the week – here's our new address.
leave home                             /"li:v 'h@Um/               uit huis gaan                                   I left home when I was 16 to go and work in London.
roam around                            /"r@Um @'raUnd/             rondzwerven                                     He roamed around southern England for a while, never really settling anywhere.
set off                                /"set 'Áf/                  vertrekken                                      I'll set off early to avoid the traffic.
see sb off                             /"si: sömb@di 'Áf/          iemand uitzwaaien                               I'll walk round to the bus stop with you and see you off.
be off                                 /bi 'Áf/                    weg gaan                                        I'm off to work now – I'll see you later.
be on the move                         /bi "Án D@ 'mu:v/           op reis zijn                                    Well, it's getting late – it's time we were on the move.
temporarily                            /'temp@r@r@li/              tijdelijk                                       The library is temporarily closed for decorations.
permanently                            /'pÆ:m@n@ntli/              permanent                                       The accident left him permanently disabled.
set up home                            /"set öp 'h@Um/             zich vestigen                                   They're going to set up home in Australia after they get married.
the grass is greener                   /D@ "grA:s Iz 'gri:n@/      het gras is groener                             He always thinks the grass is greener on the other side of the fence.
overseas                               /"@Uv@'si:z/                aan de overkant van de oceaan                   Chris is going to work overseas.
prestigious                            /pre'stIdZ@s/               prestigieus                                     He won a prestigious literary award for his latest novel.
funding                                /'föndIÎ/                   bekostiging                                     There isn't enough government funding for the universities.
recognition                            /"rek@g'nIS@n/              erkenning                                       They haven't given me any recognition for all the hard work I do.
destination                            /"dest@'neIS@n/             bestemming                                      We have just enough fuel left to reach our destination.
leisure                                /'leZ@/                     vrije tijd                                      There's plenty time for leisure activities such as sailing and swimming.
laid-back                              /"leId 'b{k/                relaxt                                          He has a very laid-back and relaxed approach to life.
appealing                              /@'pi:lIÎ/                  aantrekkelijk                                   The city offers an appealing combination of sporting and cultural events.
property                               /'prÁp@ti/                  onroerend goed                                  Police recovered some of the stolen property.
factor                                 /'f{kt@/                    factor                                          Vaccination is an important factor in improving the nation's health.
romanticise                            /r@U'm{ntIsaIz, r@-/        romantiseren                                    He romanticised their relationship but she just thought of him as a friend.
work permit                            /'wÆ:k "pÆ:mIt/             werkvergunning                                  Will you be able to get a work permit when you get to Australia?
vowel                                  /'vaU@l/                    klinker                                         "Facetious" is one of the few English words that contains all the vowels in alphabetical order.
consonant                              /'kÁns@n@nt/                medeklinker                                     Any letter that is not a vowel is a consonant.
go away                                /"g@U @'weI/                weg gaan                                        Go away and leave me alone!
what's going on                        /"wÁts g@UIÎ 'Án/           wat is er aan de hand                           What's going on? I heard a police car go past.
go for                                 /'g@U f@/                   gaan voor                                       The dog suddenly went for me and bit my hand.
go back on one's word                  /g@U "b{k Án wönz 'wÆ:d/    je woord niet houden                            He promised he'd take me, but he went back on his word and went without me.
go down with                           /g@U 'daUn wID, wIT/        geveld worden door                              Half the team had gone down with flu.
have a go                              /"h{v @ 'g@U/               een poging wagen                                I'm sure if I'll be any good at this, but I'll have a go.
make a go of                           /"meIk @ 'g@U @v, Áv/       een succes van maken                            They've really made a go of their new business, and it looks like it'll be a success.
be on the go                           /bi "Án D@ 'g@U/            aan de gang                                     I've been on the go since six this morning, and I'm tired out.
it goes without saying                 /It "g@Uz wIDaUt 'seI-IÎ/   het spreekt vanzelf                             It goes without saying that some politician will be involved in a scandal soon.
go to great lengths                    /"g@U t@ greIt 'leÎTs/      alles in het werk stellen                       He went to great lengths to hide his affair from the newspapers.
intrepid                               /In'trepId/                 dapper                                          The intrepid explorers slowly made their way to the North Pole.
sleeping under the stars               /"sli:pIÎ önd@ D@ 'stA:z/   slapen in de openlucht                          I'd like to forget about the tent and just try sleeping under the stars.
home from home                         /"h@Um fr@m 'h@Um/          alsof je thuis bent                             They welcomed me so warmly that it was just like a home from home.

                                                                                                   Page 20 of 31
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Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                 Nederlands                                  Example sentences
luxury                                 /'lökS@ri/                    luxe                                        They lived a life of luxury, with everything they could want.
guidebook                              /'gaIdbUk/                    reisgids                                    Most travel guidebooks don't tell you that this is a dangerous city.
penknife                               /'pen-naIf/                   zakmes                                      A penknife is a useful thing to take on a camping trip.
open-ended                             /"@Up@n 'endId/               zonder vaste einddatum                      They've offered me an open-ended contract and said I can stay as long as I like.
tropical disease                       /"trÁpIk@l dI'zi:z/           tropische ziekte                            The CDC is the US body that controls outbreaks of tropical diseases.
suntan                                 /'sönt{n/                     bruin kleurtje van de zon                   This suntan lotion is all right for adults, but I wouldn't use it on children.
arts and crafts                        /"A:ts @n 'krA:fts/           kunstnijverheid                             There were stalls selling plants and flowers, and others selling arts and crafts.
(it) struck me                         / It 'strök mi/               (het) viel me op                            I was already halfway to work when it struck me I'd left the water running.
diving                                 /'daIvIÎ/                     duiken                                      We went diving on the coral reef.
homesick                               /'h@Um"sIk/                   heimwee                                     I'd never leave England, partly because I'd get homesick.
overcast                               /"@Uv@'kA:st/                 bewolkt                                     It will be a chilly, overcast day in most parts of Scotland.
dramatic                               /dr@'m{tIk/                   radicaal                                    However, there will be a dramatic change in temperature later in the week.
queries                                /'kwI@riz/                    vragen                                      Staff are always available to answer your queries.
assortment                             /@'sO:tm@nt/                  assortiment                                 I've brought an assortment of cakes and biscuits, as it's my birthday.
yak                                    /j{k/                         jak                                         The old man was wearing a jacket made from yak hair.
dairy foods                            /'de@ri fu:dz/                zuivelproducten                             Sally is allergic to dairy foods.
Unit 7
excess                                 /Ik'ses, 'ekses/             overdaad                                     The problem was caused by an excess of enthusiasm.
excessive                              /Ik'sesIv/                   overdadig                                    Avoid excessive amounts of coffee.
extravagant                            /Ik'str{v@g@nt/              extravagant                                  They led an extravagant lifestyle, with homes in Monaco and New York.
extra-large                            /"ekstr@ 'lA:dZ/             extra groot                                  Can I have the extra-large size, please?
spoilt                                 /spOIlt/                     verwend                                      Consumers these days are spoilt for choice.
overpriced                             /"@Uv@'praIst/               te duur                                      I don't mind paying for good food, but I can't stand bad, overpriced restaurants.
far-fetched                            /"fA: 'fetSt/                onwaarschijnlijk                             Her story was pretty far-fetched, and many people didn't believe it.
spending spree                         /'spendIÎ spri:/             vlaag van koopwoede                          As soon as she got her Lottery winnings, she went on a huge spending spree.
document                               /'dÁkj@ment/                 documenteren                                 The programme documents the life of a teenager.
consequences                           /'kÁnsIkw@nsIz/              gevolgen                                     They pay no attention to the environmental consequences of road building.
considerably                           /k@n'sId@r@bli/              aanzienlijk                                  It's considerably colder today.
portion                                /'pO:S@n/                    portie                                       The return portion of the plane ticket can be used at any time.
admit                                  /@d'mIt/                     toegeven                                     "OK, I was scared," she admitted.
ignore                                 /Ig'nO:/                     negeren                                      They can't ignore the fact that he's here.
sensible                               /'sens@b@l/                  verstandig                                   She's a very sensible girl, and won't do anything silly.
certify                                /'sÆ:tIfaI/                  verklaren                                    Engineers certified that the aircraft was safe.
severe                                 /s@'vI@/                     ernstig                                      Both passengers suffered severe head injuries in the accident.
liver                                  /'lIv@/                      lever                                        The patient suffers from a rare liver disorder.
recommend                              /"rek@'mend/                 adviseren                                    Dentists strongly recommend that you change your toothbrush every few months.
fast-forward picture                   /"fA:st fO:w@d 'pIktS@/      vooruitblik                                  When he went under the water he got a fast-forward picture of his previous life.
heart disease                          /'hA:t dI"zi:z/              hartkwaal                                    Heart disease is often related to poor diet and lack of exercise.
liver failure                          /'lIv@ "feIlj@/              leverinsufficiëntie                          Liver failure is often caused by excessive drinking of alcohol.
high blood pressure                    /"haI 'blöd "preS@/          hoge bloeddruk                               She suffers from stress and high blood pressure.
diabetes                               /"daI@'bi:ti:z, -tIs/        diabetes                                     There is no miracle cure for diabetes.
depression                             /dI'preS@n/                  depressie                                    The patient is suffering from depression.
have an obligation to                  /h{v @n "ÁblI'geIS@n t@/     de plicht hebben om                          We have an obligation to our children to look after the environment.
fries                                  /fraIz/                      patat                                        She devoured three burgers and a pile of fries.
effective                              /I'fektIv/                   doeltreffend                                 Many teachers think that phonics is an effective way to teach reading.
establish                              /I'st{blIS/                  vastleggen, neerzetten                       Our goal is to establish a new research centre.
positive association                                                positieve associatie
                                       /"pÁz@tIv @"s@Usi'eIS@n, @"s@USi-/                                        Sport and a healthy diet often have positive associations in children's minds.
lethargic                              /l@'TA:dZIk/                 lusteloos                                    The hot weather was making us all lethargic.
upbeat                                 /'öpbi:t/                    vrolijk                                      The movie has an upbeat ending, and everybody lives happily ever after.
judging by                             /'dZödZIÎ baI/               te oordelen naar                             Judging by the size of his muscles, he goes to the gym a lot.

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Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation         Nederlands                                    Example sentences
critic                                 /'krItIk/             recensent                                     He works as a literary critic for The Times.
food for thought                       /"fu:d f@ 'TO:t/      iets om over na te denken                     What he said yesterday has given me food for thought.
saucepan                               /'sO:sp@n/            steelpan                                      Heat the oil and garlic in a large saucepan.
oven                                   /'öv@n/               oven                                          Bake in a hot oven for ten minutes.
bake                                   /beIk/                bakken                                        I'm baking a cake for my dad's birthday.
cooker                                 /'kUk@/               fornuis                                       We have a gas cooker but an electric oven.
beef                                   /bi:f/                rundvlees                                     Do you still have roast beef for lunch every Sunday?
scramble                               /'skr{mb@l/           klutsen; ook: klauteren                       The kids were scrambling over the rocks.
bitter                                 /'bIt@/               bitter                                        That fruit has a strange bitter taste.
frying pan                             /'fraI-IÎ p{n/        koekenpan, braadpan                           With this type of frying pan, you don't need to use any oil.
fry                                    /fraI/                bakken                                        Do you want me to fry some eggs?
peach                                  /pi:tS/               perzik                                        Would you like peaches and ice cream for dessert?
roast                                  /r@Ust/               roosteren                                     Are you going to roast the chicken?
cabbage                                /'k{bIdZ/             kool                                          Overcooked cabbage is one of the common features of English cooking.
boil                                   /bOIl/                koken                                         Drop the noodles into salted water and boil for four minutes.
sour                                   /saU@/                zuur                                          Green apples used for cooking often taste sour.
grill                                  /grIl/                grillen                                       Grill the bacon until it is crisp.
savoury                                /'seIv@ri/            hartig                                        We usually have a savoury dish for the main course and then something sweet for dessert.
parsley                                /'pA:sli/             peterselie                                    He topped the potatoes off with a sprig of parsley.
rare (in cooking)                      /re@/                 saignant (van voedsel)                        I prefer my steak rare – nice and pink in the middle.
raw                                    /rO:/                 rauw                                          Raw onions can make your breath smell terrible.
stir                                   /stÆ:/                roeren                                        Add milk, then stir the mixture for 5 minutes.
beat                                   /bi:t/                kloppen                                       Beat the eggs and flour together to make a paste.
slice                                  /slaIs/               in plakken snijden                            Could you slice the bread, please?
chop                                   /tSÁp/                hakken                                        He's outside, chopping wood for the fire.
grate                                  /greIt/               raspen                                        Grate some carrots and sprinkle them over the salad.
dish                                   /dIS/                 schotel                                       Put the potatoes in a serving dish and put them on the table.
auction                                /'O:kS@n/             veilen                                        Elton auctioned off many of his stage clothes for charity.
make a profit                          /"meIk @ 'prÁfIt/     winst maken                                   They made a profit of £25 on the deal.
chewing gum                            /'tSu:IÎ göm/         kauwgom                                       There's a piece of chewing gum stuck to the bottom of my shoe.
auction                                /'O:kS@n/             veiling                                       The house was sold for £120,000 at auction.
guarantee                              /"g{r@n'ti:/          garanderen                                    You get a two-year guarantee with this radio.
put in a bid                           /"pUt In @ 'bId/      een bod doen                                  I put in a bid when the price was low, but when it got higher I lost interest.
collect                                /k@'lekt/             verzamelen                                    I'll collect everyone's papers at the end of the test.
memorabilia                            /"mem@r@'bIli@/       memorabilia                                   Dave collects soccer memorabilia relating to the 1920s.
stamp                                  /st{mp/               postzegel                                     Have you got any first-class stamps?
bid for                                /'bId f@, fO:/        bieden op                                     "Are you going to bid for that chair?" "No, it's too expensive."
haggle for                             /'h{g@l f@, fO:/      afdingen op                                   She enjoys haggling for bargains in the market.
get a bargain                          /get @ 'bA:g@n/       een koopje hebben                             We only paid £5 for that table – I think we got a bargain!
get a discount                         /get @ 'dIskaUnt/     korting krijgen                               You can get a discount if you're prepared to pay cash.
get a refund                           /get @ 'ri:fönd/      geld terug krijgen                            Can we get a refund if this jumper doesn't fit?
get a receipt                          /"get @ rI'si:t/      een betalingsbewijs krijgen                   Make sure you get a receipt, and keep it in case anything goes wrong.
can't afford                           /"kA:nt @'fO:d/       kan het niet betalen                          Kelly can't afford to go on holiday at the moment.
it's not worth it                      /Its "nÁt 'wÆ:T It/   het is het niet waard                         They're charging £100 for that dress, and it's not worth it.
absurdly                               /@b'sÆ:dli/           absurd                                        Prices seem absurdly low to Western tourists.
spit out                               /"spIt 'aUt/          uitspugen                                     The food tasted horrible, so she spat it out into the sink.
ridiculously                           /rI'dIkjUl@sli/       belachelijk                                   Prices in this shop are ridiculously high!
mayor                                  /me@/                 burgemeester                                  The election of the London mayor resulted in a win for Ken Livingstone.
brochure                               /'br@US@, -SU@/       folder                                        Let's pick up some holiday brochures when we're in town.
be treated                             /bi 'tri:tId/         behandeld worden                              I don't expect to be treated like this when I'm spending so much money in your shop!

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                                                                                                                                                                                          Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                     Nederlands                                    Example sentences
rude                                   /ru:d/                            onbeleefd                                     The boys were making rude remarks about the teacher.
this matter                            /"DIs 'm{t@/                      deze zaak                                     I am returning the goods to you today, and I hope that will be the end of this matter.
relevant                               /'rel@v@nt/                       relevant                                      Are your qualifications relevant to the job?
reference number                       /'ref@r@ns "nömb@/                referentienummer                              Do you have a reference number printed at the top of your bill?
with reference to                      /wID 'ref@r@ns t@, tU/            met betrekking tot                            With reference to your letter of March 1st, our reply is as follows.
the goods                              /D@ 'gUdz/                        de goederen                                   If the goods are faulty, you can return them and get your money back.
at your earliest convenience           /@t jO: "Æ:li@st k@n'vi:ni@ns/    zodra het u schikt                            Please call to see me at your earliest convenience.
it's a dog's life                      /Its @ "dÁgz 'laIf/               het is een hondenleven                        He works half the hours I do and earns twice the money – it's a dog's life!
heaven                                 /'hev@n/                          hemel                                         It's heaven to lie back in a hot bath.
pamper                                 /'p{mp@/                          verwennen                                     She spent her childhood being pampered by her wealthy family.
lavish                                 /'l{vIS/                          luxueus                                       They lead a lavish lifestyle, with houses in several countries.
accessories                            /@k'ses@riz/                      accessoires                                   They sell clothes and fashion accessories for young women.
retail outlet                          /"ri:teIl 'aUtlet, -l@t/          winkel                                        The company has five retail outlets in south-west England.
array                                  /@'reI/                           assortiment                                   They have a dazzling array of goods for sale.
constant companion                     /"kÁnst@nt k@m'p{nj@n/            altijd aanwezige metgezel                     She was his constant companion throughout his later years.
over-the-top                           /"@Uv@ D@ 'tÁp/                   overdreven                                    It's a bit over-the-top to call him a fascist.
indulge                                /In'döldZ/                        verwennen, je te goed doen                    From time to time we indulge in a little lunchtime drinking.
paw                                    /pO:/                             poot                                          Ben has a cut on his paw – he'll need to go to the vet.
slip                                   /slIp/                            uitglijden                                    Be careful not to slip – I just mopped the floor.
anaesthetise                           /@'ni:sT@taIz/                    onder narcose brengen                         We'll anaesthetise you in the room next to the theatre before your operation.
pet indulgence                         /"pet In'döldZ@ns/                dierenliefhebberij                            Pet indulgence now means that you can buy fashion accessories for your dog.
be broken into                         /bi "br@Uk@n 'Int@, 'IntU/        ingebroken worden in                          The house was broken into while the owners were away abroad.
have one's eyes tested                 /"h{v wönz 'aIz "testId/          zijn ogen laten controleren                   I can't read this book properly – I need to get my eyes tested.
eagle                                  /'i:g@l/                          adelaar                                       There are eagles nesting in this part of the Highlands.
whale                                  /weIl/                            walvis                                        The whale is an endangered species, but is still hunted by the Japanese..
bull                                   /bUl/                             stier                                         If the bull starts to come towards you, don't run.
bat                                    /b{t/                             vleermuis                                     There are bats nesting in the old church tower.
duck                                   /dök/                             eend                                          Do you want to go and feed the ducks at the pond?
bear                                   /be@/                             beer                                          A mother bear and her cubs emerged from the trees.
fur                                    /fÆ:/                             vacht; ook: bont                              She never wears fur because she thinks it's cruel to animals.
feather                                /'feD@/                           veer                                          Women used to wear ostrich feathers in their hats.
hoof - hooves                          /hu:f, hu:vz/                     hoef, hoeven                                  The horses' hooves made a lot of noise as they walked along the street.
claw                                   /klO:/                            klauw                                         The cat dug his claws into my leg.
tail                                   /teIl/                            staart                                        The dog was wagging its tail.
wing                                   /wIÎ/                             vleugel                                       A swan can break a man's arm with a blow from its wing.
whiskers                               /'wIsk@z/                         snorharen                                     The cat sat on the mat, washing its whiskers.
fin                                    /fIn/                             vin                                           We could see the shark's fin cutting through the surface of the water.
horns                                  /hO:nz/                           hoorns                                        A rhino's horns are placed one behind the other on its head.
beak                                   /bi:k/                            snavel                                        The eagle has a sharp beak for tearing into its prey.
wag (its) tail                         /"w{g Its 'teIl/                  kwispelen                                     Why doesn't a cat wag is tail when it's pleased to see you?
straight from the horse's mouth        /"streIt fr@m D@ "hO:sIz 'maUT/   uit de eerste hand                            I've read what you said, but I prefer to hear it straight from the horse's mouth.
take the bull by the horns             /teIk D@ "bUl baI D@ 'hO:nz/      de koe bij de horens vatten                   I decided to take the bull by the horns and confront him in his office.
as blind as a bat                      /@z "blaInd @z @ 'b{t/            stekeblind                                    I'm as blind as a bat without my glasses.
like a bear with a sore head           /laIk @ "be@ wID @ "sO: 'hed/     chagrijnig                                    She's like a bear with a sore head if she doesn't get her coffee in the morning.
oversleep                              /"@Uv@'sli:p/                     je verslapen                                  Sorry I'm late. I overslept.
underestimate                          /"önd@r'estImeIt/                 onderschatten                                 They underestimated the size of the problem.
soaked to the skin                     /"s@Ukt t@ D@ 'skIn/              doorweekt                                     Fran got soaked to the skin when a passing car sprayed her with water.
ex-boss                                /"eks 'bÁs/                       voormalige baas                               Her ex-boss is being taken to court for fraud.
make a fool of oneself                 /"meIk @ 'fu:l @v wön"self/       jezelf voor schut zetten                      Did I make a fool of myself when I got drunk last night?
retrain                                /"ri:'treIn/                      omscholen                                     One solution is to retrain the long-term unemployed.

                                                                                                       Page 23 of 31
                                                                                                                                                                                           Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                         Nederlands                                    Example sentences
translator                             /tr{ns'leIt@, tr{nz-/                 vertaler                                      Greg works as a translator at the EU offices in Brussels.
interpreter                            /In'tÆ:prIt@/                         tolk                                          Speaking through an interpreter, Ahmed said, "I'm very worried about my wife and children."
bilingual                              /baI'lIÎgw@l/                         tweetalig                                     Do you have a bilingual English-Spanish dictionary?
multinational                          /"mölti'n{S@n@l/                      internationaal                                Much of the world's business is done by multinational companies.
unusual                                /ön'ju:Zu@l, -Z@l/                    ongewoon                                      I found myself in a very unusual situation – lost for words!
waterproof                             /'wO:t@pru:f/                         waterdicht                                    Where can I buy a waterproof casing so that I can use my camera underwater?
monotonous                             /m@'nÁt@n@s/                          eentonig                                      It's boring, monotonous work in this office.
monologue                              /'mÁn@lÁg/                            monoloog                                      Henry looked up, then continued his monologue.
monolingual                            /"mÁn@U'lIÎgw@l/                      eentalig                                      This is just a monolingual dictionary – it doesn't contain translations.
biannual                               /baI'{nju@l/                          tweejaarlijks                                 The company holds a biannual report to staff.
multimedia                             /"mölti'mi:di@/                       multimedia                                    You can add sound, images and film to make a truly multimedia document.
multipurpose                           /"mölti'pÆ:p@s/                       voor meerdere doeleinden geschikt             It's a multipurpose tool that opens bottles, sharpens pencils, drives in screws etc.
overtired                              /"@Uv@'taI@d/                         oververmoeid                                  He was very rude, but I think it was just because he was overtired.
overworked                             /"@Uv@'wÆ:kt/                         overwerkt                                     Overworked nurses are more likely to make mistakes.
undercooked                            /"önd@'kUkt/                          niet gaar                                     The undercooked cabbage was very tough and unpleasant.
underpaid                              /"önd@'peId/                          onderbetaald                                  Teachers say they are overworked and underpaid.
ex-girlfriend                          /"eks 'gÆ:lfrend/                     ex-vriendin                                   My ex-girlfriend decided to go and live in Japan.
ex-husband                             /"eks 'hözb@nd/                       ex-man                                        Her ex-husband is trying to get custody of the children.
reheat                                 /"ri:'hi:t/                           opwarmen                                      I reheated some soup for lunch.
rewrite                                /"ri:'raIt/                           herschrijven                                  I'll have to rewrite most of the essay.
extra-small                            /"ekstr@ 'smO:l/                      extra small                                   I need an extra-small screwdriver to get this screw out.
extra-strong                           /"ekstr@ 'strÁÎ/                      extra sterk                                   My dog loves extra-strong mints!
conference                             /'kÁnf@r@ns/                          conferentie                                   They're attending an international conference on the environment.
get torn                               /get 'tO:n/                           scheuren                                      The envelope got torn in the post, and half the contents were missing.
try sth on                             /"traI sömTIÎ 'Án/                    iets aan passen                               You won't know whether that coat fits till you try it on.
tuna                                   /'tju:n@/                             tonijn                                        Use two cans of mackerel and a can of tuna fish.
cut and blow-dry                       /"köt @n 'bl@U draI/                  knippen en föhnen                             Can I make an appointment for a cut and blow-dry next Thursday?
have highlights done                   /h{v 'haIlaIts "dön/                  coupe soleil laten bijwerken                  I want to get my highlights done. When can you fit me in?
house red                              /"haUs 'red/                          rode huiswijn                                 We'll have two glasses of the house red, please.
have (got) a reservation               /h{v @ "rez@'veIS@n/                  gereserveerd hebben                           I've got a reservation at that new Italian restaurant for tomorrow night.
have (got) a booking                   /h{v @ 'bUkIÎ/                        een reservering hebben                        I made a booking for a double room for the night of the 25th.
What size are you?                     /wÁt 'saIz @ jU/                      welke maat hebt u?                            I'm a 44 chest. What size are you?
I've got black in size 38              /aIv gÁt "bl{k In "saIz TÆ:ti 'eIt/   ik heb de zwarte in maat 38                   I don't have brown in a size 40, but I've got black in a size 38.
(they) feel a bit tight                /"fi:l @ bIt 'taIt/                   (ze) zitten een beetje strak                  These feel a bit tight. I think I'll take the larger ones.
branch                                 /brA:ntS/                             filiaal                                       The shop has opened branches all over the country.
There's a special offer on             /De@z @ "speS@l 'Áf@r Án/             er loopt een actie                            There's a special offer on where you get three for the price of two.
cosmetic surgery                       /kÁz"metIk 'sÆ:dZ@ri/                 cosmetische chirurgie                         Cosmetic surgery should only be used on people with deformities.
excess flesh                           /"ekses 'fleS/                        overtollig vlees                              She wants to get the excess flesh removed from her upper arms.
fillings (teeth)                       /'fIlIÎz/                             vullingen (gebit)                             I had to have two fillings when I went to the dentist.
live off                               /'lIv Áf/                             leven van                                     I can't live off what they pay me at the shop, so I had to take a second job.
pension                                /'penS@n/                             pensioen                                      She was receiving both a state pension and an occupational pension.
turkey                                 /'tÆ:ki/                              kalkoen                                       People usually eat turkey and brussels sprouts at Christmas.
parsnip                                /'pA:snIp/                            pastinaak                                     Roast parsnips are another favourite food during the festive season.
gravy                                  /'greIvi/                             jus                                           I just love potatoes swimming in gravy.
cranberry sauce                        /"kr{nb@ri 'sO:s/                     cranberrysaus                                 Would you like some cranberry sauce with your turkey?
peel                                   /pi:l/                                schillen                                      Will you peel the potatoes, please?
flour                                  /flaU@/                               bloem                                         Dust the pastry lightly with flour, and roll it out on a board.
go under the hammer                    /g@U "önd@ D@ 'h{m@/                  onder de hamer komen                          All their possessions went under the hammer when they had to sell the business.
hit the headlines                      /"hIt D@ 'hedlaInz/                   de krantenkoppen halen                        She hit the headlines when she broke the world record for crossing the Atlantic.
potential                              /p@'tenS@l/                           potentieel                                    The salesmen were eager to impress potential customers.

                                                                                                           Page 24 of 31
                                                                                                                                                                                           Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                     Nederlands                                      Example sentences
options                                /'ÁpS@nz/                         opties                                          Leave your options open until you have the results of the test.
delivery date                          /dI'lIv@ri deIt/                  leverdatum                                      Can you give me an estimated delivery date for the goods?
faulty                                 /'fO:lti/                         kapot                                           The explosion and subsequent fire were caused by faulty wiring.
kitchen appliances                     /'kItS@n @"plaI@nsIz/             keukenapparatuur                                Many accidents in the home involve kitchen appliances.
Unit 8
best-seller                            /"best 'sel@/                        bestseller                                   His new book became an overnight best-seller.
go under                               /g@U 'önd@/                          over de kop gaan                             If we don't double our sales in the next month, we're in danger of going under.
have had (their) day                   /h{v "h{d De@ 'deI/                  (hun) beste tijd gehad hebben                Toys like these have had their day – kids are only interested in video games now.
up to scratch                          /"öp t@ 'skr{tS/                     van het gewenste niveau                      Your work isn't up to scratch, so I'm afraid you'll have to go.
instant                                /'Inst@nt/                           onmiddellijk                                 The band became an instant success.
natural-born                           /"n{tS@r@l 'bO:n/                    aangeboren, natuurlijk                       She was a natural-born leader and a great success.
Trust                                  /tröst/                              trust                                        The Prince's Trust helps young people who need stability and encouragement in their lives.
dominate                               /'dÁmIneIt/                          overheersen                                  Five large companies dominate the car industry.
celebrity chef                         /s@"lebr@ti 'Sef/                    beroemde kok                                 Ramsay is a celebrity chef on both sides of the Atlantic.
spot                                   /spÁt/                               zien                                         A pilot spotted the wreckage.
toughness                              /'töfn@s/                            incasseringsvermogen                         You need a degree of toughness to make it in the business world.
fairness                               /'fe@rn@s/                           eerlijkheid                                  He's lost his belief in the basic fairness of the judicial system.
bossy                                  /'bÁsi/                              bazig                                        She was a bossy little girl, and now she's a bossy woman!
make sound judgements                  /meIk "saUnd 'dZödZm@nts/            verantwoorde beslissingen nemen              You need to be able to make sound judgements in a fraction of a second.
essentially                            /I'senS@li/                          in wezen                                     It's essentially an old-fashioned romance story.
influence                              /'Influ@ns/                          beïnvloeden                                  His advice strongly influenced my decision.
contribute                             /k@n'trIbju:t/                       een bijdrage leveren                         Everyone was expected to contribute £2.
work appraisal                         /'wÆ:k @"preIz@l/                    functioneringsgesprek                        We hold work appraisals every three months to see how you're getting on.
outgoing                               /"aUt'g@UIÎ/                         extravert                                    Jo has a very friendly and outgoing personality.
open                                   /'@Up@n/                             open                                         We need to be more open and less secretive about our decisions.
proactive                              /pr@U'{ktIv/                         proactief                                    Banks need to take a more proactive approach to fraud.
opinionated                            /@'pInj@neItId/                      eigenwijs                                    My boss is just an opinionated old fool!
easy-going                             /"i:zi 'g@UIÎ/                       gemakkelijk in de omgang                     Her easy-going nature made her popular.
selfish                                /'selfIS/                            zelfzuchtig                                  That was a very selfish thing to do.
witty                                  /'wIti/                              gevat                                        This is not the time for witty remarks – be serious!
manipulative                           /m@'nIpjUl@tIv/                      manipulatief                                 She was sly, selfish, and manipulative.
headstrong                             /'hedstrÁÎ/                          koppig                                       He was a headstrong child, but turned into a considerate young man.
centre of attention                    /"sent@r @v @'tenS@n/                middelpunt van de aandacht                   Sadie always wants to be the centre of attention.
party animal                           /'pA:ti "{n@m@l/                     feestbeest                                   Dave is a party animal who loves going out every night.
complete doormat                       /k@m"pli:t 'dO:m{t/                  voetveeg                                     You're making yourself into a complete doormat – stand up to him!
down-to-earth                          /"daUn tU 'Æ:T/                      nuchter                                      She's very friendly and down-to-earth.
really high maintenance                /"rI@li haI 'meInt@n@ns/             duur in onderhoud zijn                       His girlfriend is really high-maintenance, and spends a fortune on clothes.
performing on stage                    /p@"fO:mIÎ Án 'steIdZ/               op het toneel staan                          She gets a terrific kick out of performing live on stage.
shy                                    /SaI/                                verlegen                                     She's painfully shy with strangers.
chair a meeting                        /"tSe@r @ 'mi:tIÎ/                   een vergadering voorzitten                   Bob is chairing a meeting of the shareholders tomorrow.
clam up                                /"kl{m 'öp/                          dichtklappen                                 He clammed up when I asked him about his relationship with Angela.
completely ecstatic                    /k@m"pli:tli Ik'st{tIk, ek-/         helemaal in extase                           They were completely ecstatic when I told them they'd won.
absolutely devastated                                                       helemaal kapot
                                       /"{bs@lu:tli 'dev@steItId, {bs@"lu:tli/                                           She was absolutely devastated when she heard that they'd been killed.
proportion                             /pr@'pO:S@n/                         percentage                                   The proportion of adults who smoke is decreasing.
superstition                           /"su:p@'stIS@n/                      bijgeloof                                    He believes in the old superstition that the number 13 is unlucky.
lucky charm                            /"löki 'tSA:m/                       amulet (dat geluk brengt)                    People used to carry a rabbit's foot as a lucky charm.
vital                                  /'vaItl/                             essentieel                                   His evidence was vital to the defence case.
starving                               /'stA:vIÎ/                           van de honger omkomend                       The refugee camp was full of starving children.
pitch                                  /pItS/                               veld                                         The old Wembley soccer pitch was cut up into pieces for souvenirs.
come round                             /köm 'raUnd/                         langs komen                                  Come round later and we'll have a meal.

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                                                                                                                                                                                                Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                              Pronunciation                  Nederlands                                       Example sentences
suggest                                        /s@'dZest/                    voorstellen                                      My doctor suggested a week off work.
warn                                           /wO:n/                        waarschuwen                                      We tried to warn her, but she wouldn't listen.
interest rate                                  /'Intr@st "reIt/              rentepercentage                                  Interest rates have been falling since the economy started to improve.
file into (class)                              /"faIl Int@ 'klA:s/           in een rij ergens naar binnen lopen (klas)       The children filed into school in two neat lines.
toddler                                        /'tÁdl@/                      peuter                                           She has a five-year-old and a toddler to look after.
nappy                                          /'n{pi/                       luier                                            His nappy needs changing.
former                                         /'fO:m@/                      voormalig                                        Former US president Bill Clinton is still active in the political arena.
lecturer                                       /'lektS@r@/                   lector                                           She's a brilliant lecturer and well liked by her students.
word spread                                    /'wÆ:d spred/                 het bericht deed de ronde                        He became very popular when word spread that he'd won a lot of money!
cope with                                      /'k@Up wID, wIT/              het hoofd bieden aan                             I'm not sure how she will cope with all the attention.
                                               /"dZi: si: es 'i:/
GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education)                            einddiploma voortgezet onderwijs                 Dawn is sitting eight GCSEs next month.
whiz kid                                       /'wIz kId/                    wonderkind                                       He's a computer whiz kid who started his own business at age twelve.
have no qualms about                           /"h{v n@U 'kwA:mz @"baUt/     geen moeite mee hebben om                        Parents have no qualms about pushing their children into early success.
head start                                     /"hed 'stA:t/                 voorsprong                                       His education gave him a head start.
enrol                                          /In'r@Ul/                     inschrijven                                      I enrolled on the wine course.
in the mood                                    /In D@ 'mu:d/                 in de stemming                                   I'm not in the mood to listen to you complaining all night!
streets ahead of                               /"stri:ts @'hed @v, Áv/       mijlenver uitstekend boven                       Kids here are streets ahead of those at other schools in the area.
unrepentant                                    /"önrI'pent@nt/               hardnekkig                                       He remains unrepentant about his comments.
hothouse                                       /'hÁthaUs/                    broeikas                                         She couldn't take the pressure of working in a hothouse environment.
brilliance                                     /'brIlj@ns/                   genialiteit                                      He is also respected for his brilliance as an artist.
secondary school                               /'sek@nd@ri "sku:l/           middelbare school                                Some children who arrive at secondary school have not learned to read and write.
exploit                                        /Ik'splOIt/                   gebruikmaken van                                 Many foreign workers are abused and exploited.
hard                                           /hA:d/                        hard                                             I prefer sleeping on a hard mattress.
hardly                                         /'hA:dli/                     nauwelijks                                       I hardly know the people I'm working with.
consequently                                   /'kÁnsIkw@ntli/               dientengevolge                                   He did no work and consequently, he failed the exam.
discipline                                     /'dIs@plIn/                   discipline                                       The school has very high standards of discipline.
catch up with                                  /k{tS 'öp wID, wIT/           inhalen                                          It took six years for the police to catch up with the criminals.
keep up with                                   /"ki:p 'öp wID, wIT/          bijhouden                                        Try to keep up with the others and not get left behind.
get away with                                  /get @'weI wID, wIT/          ermee weg komen                                  Watch Frank – he'll cheat if he thinks he can get away with it.
put sb in for                                  /"pUt sömb@di 'In f@, fO:/    iemand opgeven voor                              I've put you in for a driving test next week – I think you're ready.
come up with                                   /köm 'öp wID, wIT/            bedenken                                         Is that the best excuse you can come up with?
cut down on                                    /"köt 'daUn Án/               minderen                                         I'm trying to cut down on cigarettes.
be looking forward to                          /bi "lUkIÎ 'fO:w@d t@, tU/    uitkijken naar                                   Ken is really looking forward to going on holiday.
put up with                                    /pUt 'öp wID, wIT/            leven met                                        She put up with his violent temper for ten years.
make up for                                    /meIk 'öp f@, fO:/            compenseren                                      The team will be anxious to make up for a disappointing start to the season.
disposable income                              /dI"sp@Uz@b@l 'IÎköm, 'In-/   besteedbaar inkomen                              People have less disposable income today than they had in the 1970s.
transfer                                       /'tr{nsfÆ:/                   overplaatsing                                    This promotion means a transfer to head office in Bristol.
consistently                                   /k@n'sIst@ntli/               consequent                                       He got consistently good marks for his course work, but failed the exam.
supportive                                     /s@'pO:tIv/                   steun biedend                                    Mark and Sally are very supportive of each other's efforts.
in-house course                                /"In haUs 'kO:s/              bedrijfscursus                                   There's an in-house course starting next week on management training.
there's one coming up                          /De@z "wön kömIÎ 'öp/         er begint er een                                 There are no courses this month, but there's one coming up in April.
underway                                       /"önd@'weI/                   aan de gang                                      The game was already well underway when we got to the stadium.
put sb's name down                             /"pUt sömb@diz 'neIm daUn/    iemands naam noteren                             Shall I put your name down for £5 worth of tickets?
what's on your mind?                           /"wÁts Án j@ 'maInd/          wat zit je dwars?                                You're looking very thoughtful. What's on your mind?
overnight                                      /"@Uv@'naIt/                  van de ene dag op de andere                      She's staying overnight at a friend's house.
Unit 9
law court                                      /'lO: kO:t/                   rechtbank                                        The law courts are in that new building on Market Street.
robbery                                        /'rÁb@ri/                     roofoverval                                      They're in prison for armed robbery.
thief                                          /Ti:f/                        dief                                             Thieves broke in and stole some valuable jewellery.
fingerprints                                   /'fIÎg@prInts/                vingerafdrukken                                  Police scientists matched his fingerprints to the ones found at the scene.

                                                                                                              Page 26 of 31
                                                                                                                                                                                     Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                Nederlands                                     Example sentences
community service                      /k@"mju:n@ti 'sÆ:vIs/        taakstraf                                      He was sentenced to 120 hours of community service.
MP                                     /"em 'pi:/                   parlementslid                                  Her MP is taking up her case with the government.
speeding                               /'spi:dIÎ/                   te hard rijden                                 I got a speeding ticket for doing 45 in a 30 limit.
cyber                                  /'saIb@/                     computer-, cyber-                              Cyber fraud is a growth area of crime in the UK.
slam                                   /sl{m/                       scherp bekritiseren                            He was slammed by the newspapers for his poor performance in the World Cup.
chaos                                  /'keIÁs/                     chaos                                          The floods caused chaos in the low-lying islands.
fraud                                  /frO:d/                      fraude                                         She was found guilty of fraud and sentence to two years' imprisonment.
witness                                /'wItn@s/                    getuige                                        Police have appealed for witnesses to the accident.
intimidation                           /In"tIm@'deIS@n/             intimidatie                                    Witnesses are afraid to come forward after threats of intimidation by friends of the accused.
suspended sentence                     /s@"spendId 'sent@ns/        voorwaardelijke straf                          He received a two-year suspended sentence for the assault.
road rage                              /'r@Ud reIdZ/                agressie in het verkeer                        Road rage seems to be on the increase.
incident                               /'Ins@d@nt/                  incident                                       One man was arrested following the incident.
cop                                    /kÁp/                        politieman                                     Cops on TV always seem to solve their cases.
insurance                              /In'SU@r@ns/                 verzekering                                    You can take out an insurance policy against the risk of falling ill.
premium                                /'pri:mi@m/                  premie                                         Health insurance premiums have risen dramatically in recent years.
file (a claim)                         /faIl/                       indienen (een vordering)                       After the accident, I filed a claim with our insurers.
sue                                    /sju:/                       aanklagen                                      She plans to sue the company for $1 million.
appeal                                 /@'pi:l/                     beroep                                         Police have issued an appeal for information.
arson                                  /'A:s@n/                     brandstichting                                 The school was destroyed in an arson attack.
convict sb of                          /k@n'vIkt "sömb@di @v, Áv/   iemand veroordelen voor                        The courts convicted four people in the recent trials.
sentence sb to                         /'sent@ns "sömb@di t@, tU/   iemand veroordelen tot                         The judge sentenced her to two years in prison.
official statement                     /@"fIS@l 'steItm@nt/         officiële verklaring                           In an official statement, the victim's mother praised the judge.
shoplifting                            /'SÁp"lIftIÎ/                winkeldiefstal                                 She was arrested for shoplifting.
divorce                                /dI'vO:s/                    echtscheiding                                  She wants to get a divorce from her abusive husband.
be charged with                        /bi 'tSA:dZd wID, wIT/       beschuldigd worden van                         He was charged with being drunk in a public place.
go on…                                 /"g@U 'Án/                   ga verder…                                     Go on; what happened next?
the way it goes is that…               /D@ "weI It 'g@Uz Iz D@t/    het gaat als volgt…                            The way it goes is that we take you down to the station and arrest you.
fancy that                             /"f{nsi 'D{t/                nee toch                                       Fancy that! I never knew you could juggle!
fair enough                            /"fe@r I'nöf/                oké                                            Fair enough, I'll admit to the charges if you can get me a shorter sentence.
what on earth for?                     /"wÁt Án "Æ:T 'fO:/          waarom in 's hemelsnaam?                       You want to search my pockets? What on earth for?
pull the other one                     /"pUl Di 'öD@ wön/           je kan me nog meer vertellen                   I've heard that story before – pull the other one, it's got bells on.
you're kidding                         /jO: 'kIdIÎ/                 dat meen je niet                               You're going to arrest me? You're kidding! What for?
cross my heart                         /"krÁs maI 'hA:t/            ik zweer het                                   Cross my heart and hope to die, I've never seen her before in my life.
security system                        /sI'kjU@r@ti "sIst@m/        alarmsysteem                                   They got round the security system by cutting through the wires on the alarm.
dismissal                              /dIs'mIs@l/                  ontslag                                        Wilson was claiming compensation for unfair dismissal.
would-be robber                        /"wUd bi: 'rÁb@/             aspirant-overvaller                            The would-be robber took off his mask because he was getting too hot.
raid                                   /reId/                       overvallen                                     Police found illegal weapons when they raided his home.
attendant                              /@'tend@nt/                  bediende                                       A car park attendant was attacked by an angry motorist.
make one's getaway                     /"meIk wönz 'get@weI/        ervandoor gaan                                 They made their getaway in a stolen Ford Cortina.
mechanic                               /mI'k{nIk/                   monteur                                        It's the mechanic's day off, so we can't repair your car till Monday.
vast                                   /vA:st/                      reusachtig                                     Vast areas of rainforest have been felled for timber.
mansion                                /'m{nS@n/                    villa                                          He owns a beautiful country mansion near Christchurch.
room by room                           /"ru:m baI 'ru:m/            kamer voor kamer                               The police searched the whole house room by room.
exotic                                 /Ig'zÁtIk/                   exotisch                                       She keeps several varieties of exotic flower in her greenhouse.
in fright                              /In 'fraIt/                  bang                                           The man jumped out of the window in fright because he thought we were burglars.
traumatised                            /'trO:m@taIzd/               getraumatiseerd                                She was left traumatised by the dog's vicious attack.
desperate                              /'desp@r@t/                  wanhopig                                       Joe had been unemployed for over a year and was getting desperate.
maze                                   /meIz/                       doolhof                                        The house was a maze of corridors, with dozens of rooms on each floor.
escort                                 /I'skO:t/                    begeleiden                                     Armed guards escorted the prisoners into the courthouse.
sack sb                                /'s{k "sömb@di/              iemand ontslaan                                He sacked her when he caught her stealing money from the till.

                                                                                                   Page 27 of 31
                                                                                                                                                                                      Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                   Nederlands                                     Example sentences
so-called                              /'s@U kO:ld/                  zogenaamd                                        The so-called experts were no help.
time-consuming                         /'taIm k@n"sju:mIÎ/           tijdrovend                                       Writing software is a complex and time-consuming process.
brand-new                              /"br{nd 'nju:/                gloednieuw                                       They tested a brand-new car and found a number of faults.
joy-riding                             /'dZOI "raIdIÎ/               joyrijden                                        The kids were arrested for joy-riding after they stole a neighbour's car.
inspector                              /In'spekt@/                   inspecteur                                       The school inspectors told the headmaster that the school was doing well.
young offender                         /"jöÎ @'fend@/                criminele jongere                                Feltham Borstal is an institution for young offenders.
hassle                                 /'h{s@l/                      gedoe                                            It's such a hassle not having a washing machine.
scissors                               /'sIz@z/                      schaar                                           Pass me a pair of scissors so I can cut this label off.
vague                                  /veIg/                        vaag                                             She's been a bit vague about her plans for the summer.
clerk                                  /klA:k/                       baliemedewerker                                  Leave the keys with the desk clerk when you go out.
briefcase                              /'bri:fkeIs/                  diplomatenkoffer                                 Sally opened her briefcase and fished out a small card.
amateur                                                              a
                                       /'am@t@, -tSU@, -tS@, "{m@'tÆ:/ mateur                                         It looked as if the building had been decorated by a bunch of amateurs.
rear                                   /rI@/                         achterste                                        The rear door of the car was badly damaged.
refuel                                 /"ri:'fju:@l/                 tanken                                           The plane refuelled in Dubai and took off again after an hour.
take off                               /"teIk 'Áf/                   vertrekken; ook: uittrekken                      He sat on the bed to take his boots off.
strap                                  /str{p/                       binden                                           Make sure your backpack is strapped on tightly.
cord                                   /kO:d/                        koord                                            Her robe was tied at the waist by a cord.
fix                                    /fIks/                        positiebepaling; ook: penarie                    We'll be in a fix if we miss the bus.
federal agent                          /"fed@r@l 'eIdZ@nt/           FBI-agent                                        Federal agents seized all the company's paperwork and records.
submarine                              /'söbm@ri:n/                  onderzeeër                                       The fishing boat's nets were caught on the tower of a nuclear submarine.
concrete evidence                      /"kÁÎkri:t 'evId@ns/          tastbaar bewijs                                  We need concrete evidence before we can arrest anyone for the crime.
waterlogged                            /'wO:t@lÁgd/                  onder water gelopen                              The pitch was waterlogged, and the game had to be called off.
mouldy                                 /'m@Uldi/                     beschimmeld                                      There was a piece of mouldy cheese and an old pint of milk in the fridge.
squad                                  /skwÁd/                       brigade                                          The bomb squad were called when the builders found the unexploded bomb.
dig up                                 /"dIg 'öp/                    afgraven                                         Building workers dug up the skeleton of an Iron Age man.
shore                                  /SO:/                         oever                                            We were still about a mile from shore when the engine failed.
legend                                 /'ledZ@nd/                    legende                                          "Morte D'Arthur" by Thomas Malory is a book about the legend of King Arthur.
skyjacking                             /'skaI"dZ{kIÎ/                vliegtuigkaping                                  There has been another skyjacking by terrorists today.
without a trace                        /wID"aUt @ 'treIs/            spoorloos                                        The girl has disappeared from home without a trace.
enduring anonymity                     /In"djU@rIÎ "{n@'nIm@ti/      voortdurende anonimiteit                         Enduring anonymity was not a price he was prepared to pay.
ultimate tribute                       /"öltIm@t 'trIbju:t/          ultiem eerbewijs                                 He paid her the ultimate tribute of asking her to be his wife.
capture the popular imagination                                      tot de verbeelding van het volk spreken
                                       /"k{ptS@ D@ "pÁpj@l@ Im{dZ@'neIS@n/                                            The Harry Potter books captured the popular imagination immediately they were published.
commemorate                            /k@'mem@reIt/                 herdenken                                        The monument commemorates the war of independence.
angular                                /'{Îgj@l@/                    hoekig                                           Tom was a tall, angular young man with long thin legs.
twinkle                                /'twIÎk@l/                    glinsteren                                       "Twinkle, twinkle little star" is a well-known nursery rhyme.
ward                                   /wO:d/                        afdeling in het ziekenhuis                       It was the nurse's first day on the wards.
remarkable                             /rI'mA:k@b@l/                 opmerkelijk                                      To be married for 68 years is a remarkable achievement.
deduce                                 /dI'dju:s/                    deduceren                                        From her son's age, I deduced that her husband must be at least 60.
tattoo                                 /t@'tu:, t{'tu:/              tatoeage                                         He has a tattoo of a snake on his left arm.
accent                                 /'{ks@nt/                     accent                                           After the accident, a man with an Irish accent gave me a lift to hospital.
callus                                 /'k{l@s/                      eelt                                             You could tell he was a labourer from the calluses on his hands.
determine                              /dI'tÆ:mIn/                   bepalen                                          Experts have been unable to determine the cause of the explosion.
innovation                             /"In@'veIS@n/                 nieuwigheid                                      Synthetic phonics is an innovation in teaching reading.
instalment                             /In'stO:lm@nt/                aflevering; ook: afbetaling                      We're paying for the car by monthly instalments.
observant                              /@b'zÆ:v@nt/                  opmerkzaam                                       The bomb was spotted by an observant member of the public.
magnifying glass                       /'m{gnIfaI-IÎ "glA:s/         vergrootglas                                     Grandpa was examining the stamps through a magnifying glass.
track sb down                          /"tr{k sömb@di 'daUn/         iemand opsporen                                  The police were trying to track down the escaped prisoner.
oddly enough                           /"Ádli I'nöf/                 vreemd genoeg                                    He was supposed to be a dangerous fugitive, but oddly enough she felt safe in his presence.
investment                             /In'vestm@nt/                 investering                                      His £50,000 investment was now worth only £26,000.
riddle                                 /'rIdl/                       raadsel                                          The answer to the riddle "What gets wet the more you dry?" is "A towel".

                                                                                                      Page 28 of 31
                                                                                                                                                                                 Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation              Nederlands                                    Example sentences
PM                                     /"pi: 'em/                 Prime Minister, premier                       The PM stood up and declared he would resign before the next election.
aid                                    /eId/                      hulp                                          The UN is sending aid to the earthquake victims.
axe                                    /{ks/                      ontslaan                                      The directors made a decision to axe 2000 staff.
back                                   /b{k/                      steunen                                       The bank gave £45,000 to back the programme.
blast                                  /blA:st/                   ontploffing                                   A blast of icy cold air hit me as I opened the door.
quit                                   /kwIt/                     stoppen met                                   I'm thinking about quitting school.
clash                                  /kl{S/                     slaags raken                                  Demonstrators clashed with police.
key                                    /ki:/                      sleutel-                                      She was a key witness for the defence.
plea                                   /pli:/                     smeekbede                                     Her mother ignored her pleas for help.
boost                                  /bu:st/                    bevorderen                                    The publicity boosted sales by 30%.
export                                 /'ekspO:t/                 export                                        The government decided to ban the export of live animals.
wed                                    /wed/                      trouwen                                       They were wed at the Elvis Presley chapel in Las Vegas.
defeat                                 /dI'fi:t/                  nederlaag                                     Sweden suffered their second defeat of the tournament.
spy                                    /spaI/                     spion                                         Mata Hari was a German spy during the first World War.
butler                                 /'bötl@/                   butler                                        The butler asked me to wait in the hall while he announced my arrival.
vote                                   /v@Ut/                     stem                                          The bill was passed by 319 votes to 316.
apprehend                              /"{prI'hend/               aanhouden                                     The police have failed to apprehend the culprits.
fence                                  /fens/                     hek                                           During the storm the garden fence had blown down.
steep slope                            /"sti:p 'sl@Up/            steile helling                                In San Francisco, many of the streets have steep slopes.
punch                                  /pöntS/                    stompen                                       He punched me in the face.
break out                              /"breIk 'aUt/              uitbreken                                     I was still living in London when the war broke out.
emergency hatch                        /I'mÆ:dZ@nsi "h{tS/        nooduitgang                                   The survivors of the plane crash had escaped through the emergency hatch.
leap                                   /li:p/                     springen                                      She leapt over the fence.
deafness                               /'defn@s/                  doofheid                                      Her deafness became evident when she was 12.
invisible                              /In'vIz@b@l/               onzichtbaar                                   The scientists have invented a plane that's invisible to enemy radar.
detect                                 /dI'tekt/                  bespeuren                                     Paul detected a note of disappointment in his mother's voice.
footage                                /'fUtIdZ/                  filmbeelden                                   They showed some old footage of the war.
justice                                /'dZöstIs/                 justitie                                      The French criminal justice system recognises crimes of passion.
namesake                               /'neImseIk/                naamgenoot                                    Like his famous namesake, young Washington had a brave, adventurous spirit.
rags-to-riches                         /"r{gz t@ 'rItSIz/         van armoede naar rijkdom                      Alan Sugar's was the typical rags-to-riches story of the successful businessman.
clerical job                           /'klerIk@l dZÁb/           administratief werk                           She started out doing a clerical job and now owns her own company.
on the run                             /"Án D@ 'rön/              voortvluchtig                                 The murderers were on the run from the police.
bounce back                            /"baUns 'b{k/              er weer bovenop komen                         I know he's disappointed he didn't get the promotion, but he'll soon bounce back.
Unit 10
mind over matter                       /"maInd @Uv@ 'm{t@/        macht van de geest over materie               Yuri Geller's demonstrations of mind over matter were quite astounding.
power of persuasion                    /"paU@r @v p@'sweIZ@n/     overtuigingskracht                            My powers of persuasion were inadequate for the task in hand.
willpower                              /'wIl"paU@/                wilskracht                                    It took all his willpower to remain calm.
premonition                            /"prem@'nIS@n/             voorgevoel                                    She had a premonition that her daughter was in danger.
déjà vu                                /"deIZA: 'vju:/            déjà vu                                       As I walked into the room I had a sudden sense of déjà vu.
intuition                              /"Intju'IS@n/              intuïtie                                      Trust your intuition, and you'll be okay.
sixth sense                            /"sIksT 'sens/             zesde zintuig                                 He seemed to have a sixth sense for knowing when his brother was in trouble.
unconscious                            /ön'kÁnS@s/                bewusteloos                                   She was found alive but unconscious.
subconscious                           /söb'kÁnS@s/               onderbewust                                   Her subconscious fear of failure made it difficult for her to succeed.
hypnotist                              /'hIpn@tIst/               hypnotiseur                                   The hypnotist managed to cure her fear of spiders.
indifferent                            /In'dIf@r@nt/              onverschillig                                 The oil industry seems totally indifferent to environmental concerns.
guru                                   /'gUru:/                   goeroe                                        The board decided to call in a management guru to solve their problems.
bustling with activity                 /"bös@lIÎ wID {k'tIv@ti/   bedrijvig                                     There was a sale on, and the shop was bustling with activity.
mousy                                  /'maUsi/                   muizig                                        The boy had mousy brown hair and green eyes.
animatedly                             /'{n@meItIdli/             geanimeerd                                    He waved his arms animatedly in order to get her attention.
in awe of                              /In 'O: @v, Áv/            vervuld van ontzag voor                       John has always been in awe of his father.

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                                                                                                                                                                                 Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation                Nederlands                                    Example sentences
eclectic                               /I'klektIk/                  eclectisch                                    The room contained a wonderfully eclectic mix of furniture.
follower                               /'fÁl@U@/                    volgeling                                     Shani is a dedicated follower of fashion.
phobia                                 /'f@Ubi@/                    fobie                                         He has a phobia about birds.
charge sb for                          /'tSA:dZ "sömb@di f@, fO:/   iemand laten betalen voor                     The plumber charged me £75 an hour for his time!
make a donation                        /"meIk @ d@U'neIS@n/         een schenking doen                            She made a donation to the Save the Children Fund.
ceiling                                /'si:lIÎ/                    plafond                                       The kitchen ceiling needs plastering and painting.
trance                                 /trA:ns/                     trance                                        She went into a deep hypnotic trance.
resist                                 /rI'zIst/                    weerstand bieden aan                          I just can't resist chocolate.
nasty                                  /'nA:sti/                    vervelend                                     There was a nasty smell coming from the drains.
strenuous                              /'strenju@s/                 inspannend                                    He is supposed to avoid strenuous exercise.
specify                                /'spesIfaI/                  opgeven                                       The rules specify that competitors must be under 18 years of age.
acupuncture                            /'{kj@"pöÎktS@/              acupunctuur                                   I've heard that the needles used in acupuncture don't hurt at all.
forgetful                              /f@'getf@l/                  vergeetachtig                                 Grandpa's getting a bit forgetful.
persistent                             /p@'sIst@nt/                 aanhoudend                                    Her son had a persistent cough so she took him to the doctor's.
truancy                                /'tru:@nsi/                  spijbelen                                     The school's truancy rate was very low.
supernatural                           /"su:p@'n{tS@r@l/            bovennatuurlijk                               Superman had supernatural powers.
UFO                                    /"ju: ef '@U/                ufo, vliegende schotel                        Many people claim to have seen UFOs.
hypnosis                               /hIp'n@UsIs/                 hypnose                                       Under hypnosis, he remembered details of his childhood.
military service                       /"mIl@t@ri 'sÆ:vIs/          militaire dienst                              More and more men are refusing to do military service.
telepathy                              /t@'lep@Ti/                  telepathie                                    They seemed to be able to communicate without speaking, as if they were using telepathy.
target market                          /"tA:gIt 'mA:kIt/            doelgroep                                     Our target market for this type of holiday is the 18- to 30-year-olds.
make                                   /meIk/                       merk                                          Bosch is a very popular make of washing machine.
commercial break                       /k@"mÆ:S@l 'breIk/           reclameblok                                   I made a cup of coffee during the commercial break.
slogan                                 /'sl@Ug@n/                   leus                                          Who came up with the slogan "Save the whale"?
classified ad                          /"kl{s@faId '{d/             rubrieksadvertentie                           Jane always checks the classified ads looking for bargains.
hype                                   /haIp/                       overdreven aandacht                           There was a lot of media hype about the programme.
regret                                 /rI'gret/                    betreuren                                     We've always regretted selling that car.
obsolete                               /'Ábs@li:t/                  verouderd                                     Our computer system will soon be obsolete.
hatchery                               /'h{tS@ri/                   broedplaats, kwekerij                         He went into the hatchery to collect the young salmon.
conditioning                           /k@n'dIS@nIÎ/                conditionering                                Social conditioning makes crying more difficult for men.
haunted                                /'hO:ntId/                   achtervolgd, gekweld                          I'll never forget the haunted look on her face when she heard the bad news.
whisper                                /'wIsp@/                     fluisteren                                    He leaned over to whisper something to her.
in a row                               /In @ 'r@U/                  op een rij                                    The children all stood in a row.
continuous hum                         /k@n"tInju@s 'höm/           voortdurend gezoem                            He could hear a continuous hum but didn't know where it was coming from.
class consciousness                    /"klA:s 'kÁnS@sn@s/          klassenbewustzijn                             Personally, class consciousness is not something I'm aware of.
shriek                                 /Sri:k/                      gillen                                        "Stop it!" she shrieked.
blurt out                              /"blÆ:t 'aUt/                eruit flappen                                 Peter blurted the news out before we could stop him.
be lost for words                      /bi "lÁst f@ 'wÆ:dz/         niets weten te zeggen                         When he said he loved me, I was lost for words.
mumble                                 /'mömb@l/                    mompelen                                      Micky mumbled an apology.
interrupt                              /"Int@'röpt/                 onderbreken                                   Sorry to interrupt, but I need some help.
speak your mind                        /"spi:k j@ 'maInd/           voor je mening uit komen                      You could always depend on Ellie to speak her mind!
have a word with                       /h{v @ 'wÆ:d wID, wIT/       met .. spreken                                I asked if I could have a word with her in private.
resolution                             /"rez@'lu:S@n/               voornemen                                     My New Year's resolution is to stop smoking.
exception                              /Ik'sepS@n/                  uitzondering                                  There's an exception to every rule.
debris                                 /'debri:, 'deI-/             puin                                          He hired a builder to take down the wall and remove the debris.
quay                                   /ki:/                        kade                                          I stood on the quay and watched the boat disappear into the distance.
immerse oneself in                     /I'mÆ:s wön"self In/         zich onderdompelen in                         She immersed herself in her work.
gut feeling                            /"göt 'fi:lIÎ/               instinctief gevoel                            I had a gut feeling that things were about to go terribly wrong.
jingle                                 /'dZIÎg@l/                   deuntje                                       I couldn't get the jingle from the ad out of my head!
sound bite                             /'saUnd baIt/                soundbite, korte uitspraken                   The politician's speech was just a string of sound bites.

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                                                                                                                                                                            Pearson Longman Benelux Photocopiable



Total English - Upper-intermediate
Vocabulary Companion - English-Dutch

English headword                       Pronunciation             Nederlands                                 Example sentences
manipulation                           /m@"nIpjU'leIS@n/         manipulatie                                His manipulation of the proceedings was sickening to watch.
chant                                  /tSA:nt/                  opdreunen                                  Protestors chanted anti-government slogans.
brainwashing                           /'breIn"wÁSIÎ/            hersenspoelen                              Adverts are using brainwashing to convince children they must have these toys.
Film Bank
glamorous                              /'gl{m@r@s/               vol glamour                                She led an exciting and glamorous life.
privileged                             /'prIv@lIdZd/             bevoorrecht                                Students from a privileged background have an advantage at university.
trade show                             /'treId S@U/              beurs                                      We spent a full day at the computer trade show.
department store                       /dI'pA:tm@nt stO:/        warenhuis                                  There's a Harvey Nichols department store in Leeds.
wizard                                 /'wIz@d/                  tovenaar                                   My accountant is a financial wizard!
monster                                /'mÁnst@/                 monster                                    Nessie is a mythical sea monster who lives in Loch Ness.
biblical story                         /"bIblIk@l 'stO:ri/       Bijbelverhaal                              Samson and Delilah is a biblical story.
enslaved                               /In'sleIvd/               tot slaaf gemaakt                          The Aztecs were enslaved by their Spanish conquerors.
seek revenge                           /"si:k rI'vendZ/          op wraak uit zijn                          He sought revenge for the murder of his son.
in the possession of                   /In D@ p@'zeS@n @v, Áv/   in bezit van                               The diamonds were still in the possession of the police.
raft                                   /rA:ft/                   vlot                                       They made a raft and attempted to escape from the island.
rusty wire                             /"rösti 'waI@/            roestig metaaldraad                        The old airfield was surrounded by fences of rusty wire.
land-locked                            /'l{nd lÁkt/              door land omgeven                          Switzerland is a land-locked country.
confront                               /k@n'frönt/               het hoofd bieden aan                       When I confronted her, she denied it.
invasion                               /In'veIZ@n/               invasie                                    The invasion of Normandy took place on 6 June 1944.
fierce                                 /fI@s/                    woest                                      Overnight there had been some fierce fighting in the city.
re-enactment                           /"ri: I'n{ktm@nt/         re-enscenering                             There was a re-enactment of the crime on TV.
blacksmith                             /'bl{k"smIT/              smid                                       The blacksmith let us watch him making horseshoes.
milliner                               /'mIl@n@/                 hoedenmaker                                She went to the milliner's to buy a new hat.
web consultant                         /'web k@n"sölt@nt/        webconsultant                              The company brought in a web consultant to design its new site.
quantity surveyor                      /'kwÁnt@ti s@"veI@/       begrotingscalculator                       The quantity surveyor worked out the cost of the materials for the new building.
street performer                       /'stri:t p@"fO:m@/        straatartiest                              The street performer was juggling on stilts.
Indian takeaway                        /"Indi@n 'teIk@weI/       Indiaas afhaalrestaurant                   On the way home, we got an Indian takeaway.
pavement artist                        /'peIvm@nt "A:tIst/       straatartiest                              The pavement artist was extremely talented.
satirical                              /s@'tIrIk@l/              satirisch                                  "Spitting Image" was a satirical programme that used rubber puppets of well-known people.
manoeuvring                            /m@'nu:v@rIÎ/             manoeuvreren                               He had difficult manoeuvring his car into the narrow space.




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