Holdings of the Department of Defense Polygraph Institute Library as of 26 September 2002 1 Anonymous 1980 ABSCAM leak probe may use polygraph to find by 2rwZZG

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									          Holdings of the Department of Defense Polygraph Institute Library
                              as of 26 September 2002

1. Anonymous. (1980). ABSCAM leak probe may use polygraph to find guilty. Crime
        Control Digest, 14, 10
        Rec#: 42
        Keywords: applications-information leak/cases-ABSCAM.

2. Anonymous. (1986). Abuses in polygraph testing. Security Letter, 16,
        Rec#: 7313
        Keywords: preemployment screening/polygraph-profession.

3. Anonymous. (nd). Accelerated access authorization program (AAAP). Albuquerque,
        NM: Department of Energy.
        Rec#: 8971
        Keywords: techniques-CSP/screening-government.

4. Anonymous. (1979). ACLU votes "no" on use of polygraph. Oregon State Bar
        Bulletin, 14
        Rec#: 7128
        Keywords: criticism-ACLU/stress/techniques/evidence.

5. Actions taken by the Reagan adminstration to restrict public access to government
          information. 83.
          Rec#: 6577
          Keywords: Reagan administration/FOI/counterintelligence/applications-federal.
          Notes: Prepared by the reporters committee for Freedom of the Press.

6. Anonymous. (1985). Admiral Inman recommends polygraph tests for national security.
        APA Newsletter, 18, 8
        Rec#: 67
        Keywords: applications-national security/question
        formulation-screening/screening-federal.

7. Anonymous. (1939). Admissibility of "lie detector" evidence. Journal of Criminal
        Law, Criminology and Police Science, 29, 735
        Rec#: 7518
        Keywords: admissibility/evidence/pathometer.

8. Anonymous. (1986). Admissibility of polygraph evidence in child protective
        proceeding. New York Law Journal,
        Rec#: 6287
        Keywords: admissibility/applications-child abuse.

9. Anonymous. (2001). Admissions in comparison questions: Trying to get wording
        that's short and natural......... Polygraph News and Views, 9, 1 & 4
        Rec#: 6856
        Keywords: pretest interview/confessions/habituation.
10. Anonymous. Affidavit in support of complaint, arrest warrant and search warrants:
         United States vs Harold J. Nicholson. 1996; Washington, D. C.:()
         Rec#: 6858
         Keywords: counterintelligence/espionage/CIA/computerized polygraph.
         Notes: Off the internet washingtonpost.com.

11. Anonymous. (1990). The aftermath of EPPA. The Investigator, 6,
         Rec#: 9127
         Keywords: EPPA/Employee Polygraph Protection Act.

12. Anonymous. (1944). Against the lie detector. Science Digest, 16, 90
         Rec#: 77
         Keywords: criticism.

13. Anonymous. (1980). All electronic cardios are NOT created equal...or the dangers of
         selective enhancement. Stoelting Company's Polygraph Instrumentation Bulletin
         104, 8 .
         Rec#: 90
         Keywords: instruments-cardio/test data analysis-cardio.

14. Anonymous. (1994). All FBI Applicants Must Take Polygraph Test. Narcotics Control
         Digest , 24, 6-7.
         Rec#: 9569
         Keywords: screening-preemployment/FBI/applicants.

15. Anonymous. (1980). All subjects are not created equal...or the benefits of selective
         enhancement. Lafayette Instrument Company Guideposts, 1-4.
         Rec#: 91
         Keywords: instrumentation-cardio/test data analysis-cardio/cardio-electronic
         enhancement/subjects.

16. Anonymous. (1980). Alleged polygraph flaws raise critic's blood pressure. Law
         Enforcement News, 6, 3, 5.
         Rec#: 7537
         Keywords: blood pressure/physiological responses/control questions.

17. Anonymous. (1983). Alleged toothpaste contamination solved by polygraph. APA
         Newsletter, 16, 13
         Rec#: 93
         Keywords: cases-contamination of product/screening-commercial-product
         protection.

18. Anonymous. (1987). Amendment offered by Mr. Young of Florida. Congressional
         Reocrd - House, H 3391-H 3383
         Rec#: 5309
         Keywords: counterintelligence/appropriations/espionage.

19. Anonymous. (1980). American Polygraph Association (APA) supports legislation on
           examinee's rights. Security Letter, 10, 3
           Rec#: 113
           Keywords: legislation-federal.

20. Anonymous. (2001). Ames and Simpson complain about polygraph. Polygraph News
         and Views, 9, 2
         Rec#: 7615
         Keywords: Ames, Aldrich/CIA/polygraph-criticism/interrogation.

21. Anonymous. (1984). Another look at polygraph research: The Department of Defense's
         view. Security Letter, 14, 1-2.
         Rec#: 141
         Keywords: validity/utility/applications.

22. Anonymous. (nd). Another report from the American Bar Journal [other articles follow].
         Council of Polygraph Examiners Newsletter,
         Rec#: 8334
         Keywords: law-limiting/legislation-federal/constitutional rights.

23. Anonymous. (1995). Anti-climax dampening: What do we mean? Polygraph News
         and Views, 3, 1-2.
         Rec#: 7600
         Keywords: anti-climax dampening.

24. Anonymous. (1988). Anti-polygraph bill may actually improve business for contract
         guary companies. Security Business, 18,
         Rec#: 7078
         Keywords: preemployment screening/anti-polygraph laws.

25. Anonymous. (1986). Anti-polygraph bill passes senate labor panel. But its not so anti
         anymore. Security Letter, 16,
         Rec#: 7312
         Keywords: preemployment screening/employee screening.

26. Anonymous. ed. 1985 Feb 24-1985 Feb 28; Jerusalem, Israel: The International
         Congress on Techniques for Criminal Identification.
         Rec#: 247
         Keywords: test data
         analysis-numerical/countermeasures/theory/validity-research-laboratory/voice
         stress analysis/PSE.

27. Anonymous. (1987). APA asks for polygraph ban. Security pulse,
         Rec#: 7484
         Keywords: APA/psychological testing/deception.

28. Anonymous. (2001). APA debates standards for sex offender exams. Polygraph News
         and Views, 9, 1 & 3
         Rec#: 7544
           Keywords: sex offenders/APA.

29. Anonymous. (1999). APA proposed distinct sex speciality training. Polygraph News
         and Views, 7, 3 & 4
         Rec#: 7563
         Keywords: training/APA/sex offenders.

30. Anonymous. (1999). APA proses distinct sex speciality training. Polygraph News and
         Views, 7, 3 & 4
         Rec#: 7726
         Keywords: sex offenders/polygraph-research-general/voice stress analysis.

31. Anonymous. (1998). APL releases new polygscore version: Single method evalutates
         MGQT & zone. Polygraph News and Views, 6, 1-2.
         Rec#: 7587
         Keywords: Axciton/MGQT/POLYSCORE/algorithm/inconclusive results.

32. Anonymous. (1976). Arbitration decisions and the polygraph. Polygraph, 5, 315-330.
         Rec#: 254
         Keywords: law-arbitration/cases-arbitration/cases-sabotage-industrial/American
         Arbitration Association/cases-theft.

33. Anonymous. (1992). Are full disclosure tests violating the Constitution? APA
         Newsletter, 21, 3-4.
         Rec#: 7700
         Keywords: constitutional rights/drug use.

34. Anonymous. (1976). Arizona licensing act. Polygraph, 5, 337-344.
         Rec#: 260
         Keywords: licensing-Arizona/regulations-Arizona/examiners-qualifications.

35. Anonymous. (1985). Army Chief of Staff endorses polygraph tests in national security.
         APA Newsletter, 18, 8-9.
         Rec#: 262
         Keywords: screening-federal/applications-national security.

36. Anonymous. (1975). Arrest in Texas for examining without a license. APA Newsletter,
         13-14.
         Rec#: 274
         Keywords: licensing-Texas/examiners-Texas.

37. Anonymous. (1998). Arther's golden rules: Update. The Journal of Polygraph
         Science, 33,
         Rec#: 5519
         Keywords: polygraph general.

38. Anonymous. (1990). ASIS In Action: Finding Mr./Ms. Right. Security Management,
         34, 8
           Rec#: 9700
           Keywords: screening/stress/American Society For Industrial Security.

39. Anonymous. (1980). Asis proposes polygraph standards. APA Newsletter, 13, 20-21.
         Rec#: 9701
         Keywords: examiners-standards.

40. Anonymous. (1988). ASIS statement on S. 1904. Security Management, 131-132,
         135-136.
         Rec#: 7570
         Keywords: employee screening.

41. Anonymous. (1990). Attorney General passed polygraph test. APA Newsletter, 23, 1
         Rec#: 397
         Keywords: cases-internal security/cases-leaks of information/U.S. Department of
         Justice/Attorney General.

42. Anonymous. (1981). Atwood and Weir conduct case review test on 15 year old crime.
         APA Newsletter, 14, 5
         Rec#: 399
         Keywords: cases-robbery/cases-attempted homicide/case review committee.

43. Anonymous. (1985). Auditors recommend the use of the polygraph. APA Newsletter,
         18, 44
         Rec#: 410
         Keywords: applications-auditing accounts.

44. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1999 Mar 10). 110224-1998-MO,
         Rec#: 6747
         Keywords: relevant-irrelevant method/autonomic response/paradigm/mock
         screening.
         Notes: Final report to the Central Intelligence Agency.
         Abstract: Study examined the possibility of automating the Relevant-irrelevant
         test with a mock-screening paradigm.

45. Anonymous. (1984). The awful truth: Polygraph pioneers. New York, 54
         Rec#: 7235
         Keywords: polygraph-theory/blood pressure/Keeler, Leonarde/Keeler polygraph.

46. Anonymous. (1976). Ban urged on federal use of lie detectors. Behavior Today, 2-3.
         Rec#: 493
         Keywords: criticism-screening-government/screening-federal.

47. Anonymous. (1975). Bank fraud and embezzlement. Polygraph, 4, 77-78.
         Rec#: 9454
         Keywords: applications-banking/FBI/law-federal.
         Notes: Reprinted from FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, February 1975.
48. Anonymous. (1998). Bank robbery case suggests test difficulties from undisclosed,
         similiar crimes. Polygraph News and Views, 3
         Rec#: 7440
         Keywords: cases-bank robbery/eyewitness identification/deception/errors.

49. Anonymous. (1987). Banks use polygraph tests more than background investigations.
         APA Newsletter, 20, 8
         Rec#: 497
         Keywords: applications-banking/screening-commercial-banking.

50. Anonymous. (1977). Bartlett's examination saves Yemeni from prison and deportation.
         APA Newsletter, 7-8.
         Rec#: 594
         Keywords: cases-deportation.

51. Anonymous. (1985). Bass angler fails lie test, loses big prize. Austin American, -
         Rec#: 606
         Keywords: cases-fishing contests/applications-fishing tournaments.
         Notes: Reprinted in APA Newsletter , 18(3), 28.

52. Anonymous. (1976). Beating the polygraph. Polygraph Technical Company.
         Rec#: 7528
         Keywords: polygraph general/blood pressure/anxiety/pretest.

53. Anonymous. (1988). Benton County, Oregon includes polygraph in probation program.
         APA Newsletter, 21, 2
         Rec#: 673
         Keywords: applications-probation.

54. Anonymous. (1996). A bibliography of the polygraph works of Akihiro Suzuki.
         Polygraph, 25, 7380
         Rec#: 4334
         Keywords: bibliographies.

55. Anonymous. (1961). A bill to be entitled and act to license polygraph examiner.
         Newsletter of the Academy for Scientific Interrogation, 2-3.
         Rec#: 6276
         Keywords: law-limiting/editorials.
         Notes: See also letter page 1.

56. Blood Pulse Tachometer. nd.
           Rec#: 9726
           Keywords: Blood Pulse Tachometer.
           Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

57. Anonymous. (1936). Bloodhound evidence.        Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology
         and Police Science, 26, 926
         Rec#: 7529
           Keywords: evidence/detection of deception/interrogation-burglary/confessions.

58. Anonymous. (1983). Bloodhounds find wrong man: Suspect freed by polygraph test.
         APA Newsletter, 16, 12
         Rec#: 743
         Keywords: cases-innocent .

59. Anonymous. (1992). Brain Machine Betters Polygraph. Security, 29, 8
         Rec#: 9583
         Keywords: brain wave analysis/ERP.

60. Anonymous. (1998). Bringing the incident alive with words. Polygraph News and
         Views, 6, 3
         Rec#: 7224
         Keywords: control questions/standards.

61. Anonymous. (1981). Burglary charges dropped following polygraph test. APA
         Newsletter, 14, 1
         Rec#: 926
         Keywords: cases-burglary.

62. Anonymous. (1978). Business buys the lie detector. Business Week, 100-101, 104.
         Rec#: 950
         Keywords: screening-commercial/voice stress analysis/surveys-business.

63. Anonymous. (1960). Business uses the lie detector. Business Week, 98, 105-106.
         Rec#: 952
         Keywords: screening-commercial.

64. Anonymous. (1987). But I tell you, I ain't lying! The Army Lawyer, 34-35.
         Rec#: 6865
         Keywords: law-military/credibility assessment/evidence/admissibility.
         Notes: Department of the Army Pamphlet 27-50-171.

65. Anonymous. (1972). California court admits polygraph evidence - Order of Judge Allen
         Miller. Polygraph, 1, 243-246.
         Rec#: 966
         Keywords: admissibility-California.

66. Anonymous. (1986). California Supreme Court bars mandatory tests of city employees.
         APA Newsletter, 13, 19
         Rec#: 968
         Keywords: law-public employees/law-rights-public employees/cases-theft/Long
         Beach Marine Patrol Officers.

67. Anonymous. (1980). Can a computer verify veracity? University of Utah Review, 8
         Rec#: 9014
         Keywords: computerized polygraph/Raskin, David C.
68. Anonymous. (1980). Can a judge suggest a polygraph test to determine who is lying?
         Protection Management, 1
         Rec#: 977
         Keywords: admissibility-court ordered/law-court ordered tests.

69. Anonymous. (1976). Can a polygraph test given to one employee be used against
         another? Protection Management, 2-3.
         Rec#: 978
         Keywords: law-employment/admissibility-codefendant/law-employee rights.

70. Anonymous. (1978). Can an employee "change her mind" after agreeing to take a
         polygraph test? Protection Management, 1
         Rec#: 979
         Keywords: law-employment/law-employee rights.

71. Anonymous. (1976). Can an employee collect for a breakdown caused by flunking a lie
         detector test? Protection Management, 2, 4.
         Rec#: 980
         Keywords: litigation-nervous breakdown/nervous breakdown/personality
         variables.

72. Anonymous. (1978). Can the insurance company demand its policyholder take a lie
         detector test? Protection Management, 3
         Rec#: 981
         Keywords: applications-insurance/law-insurance claims.

73. Anonymous. (1980). Can you ax an employee for refusing to take a lie detector test?
         Protection Management, 3-4.
         Rec#: 982
         Keywords: law-labor-refusal.

74. Anonymous. (1979). Can you fire workers who refuse to take polygraph tests?
         Protection Management, 1-2.
         Rec#: 983
         Keywords: law-employment/law-employee rights.

75. Anonymous. (1978). Can you get into trouble by asking workers to submit to a lie
         detector test? Protection Management, 2-3.
         Rec#: 984
         Keywords: screening-commercial/law-employment/law-employee rights.

76. Anonymous. (1995). Can you polygraph an employee accused of theft? Corporate
         Security , 21, 9
         Rec#: 9244
         Keywords: employees/law-labor/applications-employees.

77. Anonymous. (1983). Can you tell when someone is lying to you? Polygraph Update,
         3, 1-2.
           Rec#: 986
           Keywords: lying-nonverbal behavior/nonverbal detection of deception.

78. Anonymous. (1983). Can your insurance claim be denied if you don't pass a lie detector
         test? Corporate Security, 8
         Rec#: 987
         Keywords: applications-insurance/law-insurance.

79. Anonymous. (1988). Canadian articles on the polygraph - A bibliography. Polygraph,
         17, 38
         Rec#: 988
         Keywords: Canada/bibliographies-Canada.

80. Anonymous. (1987). Canadian Supreme Court decides against polygraph evidence.
         APA Newsletter, 20, 12
         Rec#: 992
         Keywords: Canada/admissibility-Canada.

81. Anonymous. (1977). Canadian Supreme Court rejects appeal on exclusion of polygraph
         evidence in an unusual case. Polygraph, 6, 177-183.
         Rec#: 991
         Keywords: admissibility-Canada/cases-murder/Canada.

82. Anonymous. (1983). Captive inking, thermal writing, and fiber tip pens: A comparative
         study. Polygraph Update, 3, 1-3.
         Rec#: 1009
         Keywords: instruments-pens.

83. Anonymous. (1998). Careful work by examiner is key component in obtaining reliable
         results from computer. Polygraph News and Views, 6, 2
         Rec#: 7595
         Keywords: computerized polygraph/MGQT/deception/lying.

84. Anonymous. (1988). Case in point: Answer to fall case. The Investigator, 4, 12-14.
         Rec#: 1043
         Keywords: interrogation-factual analysis/factual analysis-robbery.

85. Anonymous. (1988). Case in point: Answer to Winter Case. The Investigator, 4,
         18-19.
         Rec#: 1044
         Keywords: interrogation-arson.

86. Anonymous. (1963). The case of a new Anastasia: Her strongest support comes from
         the lie detector test. Life, 55, 104-112.
         Rec#: 1045
         Keywords: cases-identity-Anastasia/Backster, Cleve.

87. Anonymous. (1972). A case of innocence.      APA Newsletter, 2
            Rec#: 1046
            Keywords: cases-innocent.

88. Anonymous. (1990). Caught In A Lie. Law And Order, 38, 95
         Rec#: 9744
         Keywords: police questioning.

89. Anonymous. (1938). Chicago buys Northwestern laboratory. The Police Chief,
         137-138.
         Rec#: 2926
         Keywords: historical interest/Northwestern University Crime Laboratory.
         Notes: Reprinted in Silent Witness, edited by Donald C. Dilworth, 1977, 364.128
         Sil.

90. Anonymous. (1987). Child abuse charges dropped after polygraph test. Cincinnati
         Enquirer, -
         Rec#: 1083
         Keywords: cases-child abuse.
         Notes: Reprinted in APA Newsletter (1987, May/June), 20(3), 21.

91. Anonymous. (1891). Children's lies. American Journal of Psychology, 3, 59-70.
         Rec#: 2191
         Keywords: lying-children.

92. Anonymous. (1977). Chilean diplomat takes examination from FBI in murder case.
         APA Newsletter, 5, 7
         Rec#: 1084
         Keywords: cases-murder.

93. Anonymous. (1977). Chocolate chips - yes! Barbed wire - no! Unions use of the
         polygraph. APA Newsletter, 5, 7
         Rec#: 1088
         Keywords: screening-commercial-bakery/cases-industrial sabotage/law-labor.

94. Anonymous. (1997). The colour of lying. The Economist, 345, 29
         Rec#: 6491
         Keywords: admissibility/Supreme Court.
         Notes: Supreme Court's docket and issue of admissibility of polygraph tests.
         Abstract: Although in 1923, the Supreme Court ruled that the results of polygraph
         tests should not be admitted as evidence in trials, the question of admissibility has
         risen again. The case that has revived this issue emerged from a military court's
         conviction of an air-force man found guilty, among other things, of using
         methaphetamine.

95. Comments on Beary Report. nd.
         Rec#: 4783
         Keywords: lying/Accuracy/false negative/physiological responses.
 96. Anonymous. Anonymous. Commission to review the DoD security policies and
          practices. (1985).
          Rec#: 1151
          Keywords:
          applications-counterintelligence/screening-federal-counterintelligence/Stilwell
          Commission/Department of Defense.

 97. Commonwealth v. A Juvenile (No. 1). (1974). S. Jud Ct. Mass 1974. 313 N. E. 2d 120.
          Anonymous.
          Rec#: 5613
          Keywords: admissibility-Massachusetts/constitutional rights.
          Notes: Also see P 4042.

 98. Commonwealth v. Benjamin Mendes. (1989). S. Jud. Ct. Mass 1989. 547 N. E. 2d 35.
          Anonymous.
          Rec#: 5634
          Keywords: admissibility-Massachusetts/rape/child sexual abuse.
          Notes: Also see P 1180.

 99. Commonwealth v. Peter Vitello. (1978). 1978 MA-QL 550. 381 N. E. 2d 582, 76 Mass.
          426. Anonymous.
          Rec#: 5640
          Keywords: admissibility-Massachusetts/admissibility-Federal Rules of Evidence.
          Notes: Also see P 2089.

100. Anonymous. (1986). Comparing the skin conductance and skin resistance measures.
          Polygraph Update, 6, 1-3.
          Rec#: 1153
          Keywords: electrodermal-skin resistance/electrodermal-skin
          conductance/instruments-electrodermal.

101. Anonymous. (2001). Comparison question test: Obsolete? Polygraph News and
          Views, 9, 1 & 4
          Rec#: 7571
          Keywords: examiner practices/polygraph general.

102. Anonymous. (2000). Comparison questions for juveniles allow for differences based on
          age. Polygraph News and Views, 8, 3
          Rec#: 7542
          Keywords: interview techniques/juveniles.

103. Anonymous. (2001). The complicated realm of intent: "state of mind" vs. accidental
          acts. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 3
          Rec#: 6849
          Keywords: cases-embezzlement.

104. Anonymous. (1995). Computer polygraphs offer choices. Polygraph News and Views,
          3, 1-2.
            Rec#: 7602
            Keywords: Axciton/Lafayette Instrument Company.

105. Anonymous. (2001). Condit ignites fizzle of interest in polygraph. Polygraph News
          and Views, 9, 1
          Rec#: 6857
          Keywords: polygraph general.

106. Anonymous. (1982). Confessions of a polygraph examiner. Corporate Security, 2-3 &
          6.
          Rec#: 1162
          Keywords: screening-commercial/cases-commercial.

107. Anonymous. (1981). Congress eyes privacy legislation. Occupational Hazards, 43,
          55-56.
          Rec#: 1164
          Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial.

108. Anonymous. (1987). Congress increases counterintelligence polygraph testing. APA
          Newsletter, 20, 8
          Rec#: 1166
          Keywords: applications-counterintelligence/legislation-counterintelligence.

109. Anonymous. (1977). Congress told lie detectors are needed by stores. Crime Control
          Digest, 11, 6
          Rec#: 1168
          Keywords: screening-commercial.

110. Anonymous. (1988). Congress wants OTA study on "honesty" tests. Labor Relations
          Reporter, 129, 405-406.
          Rec#: 1169
          Keywords: Office of Technology Assessment/honesty testing/paper and pencil
          tests.

111. Anonymous. (1987). Congressman Biaggi asked for a polygraph test. APA Newsletter,
          20, 15-16.
          Rec#: 1170
          Keywords: cases-Congressman Biaggi.

112. Anonymous. (1977). Congressman Koch reintroduces anti-polygraph bill. APA
          Newsletter, 20-22.
          Rec#: 1171
          Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial.

113. Anonymous. (1976). Congresswoman [Abzug] continues battle against polygraph use
          by federal agencies. Security Letter, 6, 3-4.
          Rec#: 1172
          Keywords:
             applications-counterintelligence/legislation-federal-counterintelligence.

114. Anonymous. (1998). Constructing questions: Too long or too short?? Polygraph
          News and Views, 6, 1 & 3-4
          Rec#: 7225
          Keywords: control questions.

115. Anonymous. (1981). The continuous relative blood pressure measure and its
          implications in electro-cardio recording. Polygraph Update, 1, 1-7.
          Rec#: 1177
          Keywords: instruments-cardio/cardio.

116. Anonymous. (1985). Contract homicide solved by polygraph examinations. APA
          Newsletter, 18, 18
          Rec#: 1178
          Keywords: cases-murder.

117. Control question bank (substantive). nd.
            Rec#: 9751
            Keywords: control questions.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

118. Control question test scoring methods. nd.
            Rec#: 9752
            Keywords: techniques-CQT/test data analysis.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

119. Anonymous. (1986). Control questions approved by U. S. Court of Appeals. APA
          Newsletter, 19, 11
          Rec#: 1179
          Keywords: law-Constitutional-control questions/question formulation-control
          questions/screening-city-firemen/control questions/law-federal court decision.

120. Anonymous. (1980). Coors Industries polygraph survey. APA Newsletter, 13, 2-5.
          Rec#: 1187
          Keywords: surveys-Coors/screening-commercial/Coors Industries.

121. Anonymous. (1973). Cops vs lie detectors. Newsweek, 81, 52
          Rec#: 249
          Keywords: interrogation/applications/evidence.

122. Anonymous. (1973). Corporate lie detectors come under fire. Business Week, 88, 90.
          Rec#: 1200
          Keywords: screening-commercial/criticism/MMPI.

123. Anonymous. (2000). Countering cheaters: Simple is usually best. Polygraph News
          and Views, 8, 2, 4.
          Rec#: 7536
             Keywords: countermeasures/pretest interview.

124. Anonymous. (1985). Counterintelligence polygraph program. Congressional Record -
          House, 6533-6534.
          Rec#: 1204
          Keywords: applications-counterintelligence/legislation-counterintelligence.

125. Anonymous. (2000). Countermeasure info classified by Feds to avoid compromising its
          value; examiners lose resource. Polygraph News and Views, 8, 4
          Rec#: 7636
          Keywords: countermeasures/lying.

126. Anonymous. (2001). Countermeasure second attempt has no more success than first try.
          Polygraph, News and Views, 9, 2
          Rec#: 1977
          Keywords: countermeasures/respiration/electrodermal response/chart markings.

127. Anonymous. (1997). Court: Daubert not needed as testimony review guide. The
          Testifying Expert, 5, 4
          Rec#: 6868
          Keywords: Daubert Standard/courtroom testimony.

128. Anonymous. (1972). Court of Appeals reverses trial court order admitting polygraph,
          U.S. v. Zeiger. Polygraph, 1, 250
          Rec#: 1207
          Keywords: admissibility-federal.

129. Anonymous. (1974). Court ordered test clears innocent suspect in robbery case. APA
          Newsletter, 3
          Rec#: 1208
          Keywords: cases-robbery/admissibility-court ordered.

130. Anonymous. (1977). Crime: Free polygraph service for unjustly convicted. Trial, 13,
          4
          Rec#: 5412
          Keywords: American Polygraph Association/applications-convicted unjustly.

131. Crime laboratory bureau- an evaluation of the Dektor Psychological Stress Evaluator.
            nd.
            Rec#: 7586
            Keywords: psychological stress evaluator/PSE/dektor psychological stress
            analyzer.

132. Anonymous. Criminal law cases 1967-72 involving use or reference to the polygraph.
          ed. L. E. Publishers Inc. 1-4p.
          Rec#: 1222
          Keywords: law-criminal.
133. Anonymous. (1970). Criminal law--Pre-trial immunity agreement--Binding both sides
          to results of polygraph test upheld as a pledge of public faith. New York Law
          Forum, 16, 646-653.
          Rec#: 1225
          Keywords: immunity/pledge of public faith/rape/nolle prosequi/Florida/Butler v.
          State.

134. Anonymous. (1998). Critical report on PolyScore draws fire from APL. Polygraph
          News and Views, 6, 3
          Rec#: 7596
          Keywords: polyscore/algorithm.

135. Anonymous. (1976). Cross-examining the lie detector. Human Behavior, 5, 20
          Rec#: 9122
          Keywords: polygraph-general/research-validity/University of Utah/Barland,
          Gordon H./Raskin, David C./psychopaths.

136. Anonymous. (2001). CVSA clears suspect then wants to try again. Polygraph News
          and Views, 9, 1
          Rec#: 6850
          Keywords: CVSA/deception.

137. Anonymous. (1963). Dangerous polygraph. Scientific American, 209, 66-67.
          Rec#: 1280
          Keywords: criticism-validity.

138. Anonymous. (1996). Dangers with a known-solution peak. The Journal of Polygraph
          Science, 31,
          Rec#: 5037
          Keywords: lying/thefts/cases-robbery/interrogation/irrelevants/pretest interview.

139. David Law v. City of Colorado Springs. (1979). District Court, County of El Paso, State
            of Colorado, Colorado Springs, CO. case # 92CV0896, Division 2.Anonymous.
            Rec#: 7619
            Keywords: cases-Colorado/relevant-irrelevant
            method/drugs-marijuana/theft-employees/employee
            screening/cases-screening-police.
            Reprint: 97.
            Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 26, (1) 45-53.

140. DEA polygraph program. nd.
          Rec#: 9760
          Keywords: DEA.
          Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

141. Anonymous. (1981). Deception detection. Protection of Assets Bulletin, 1-2.
          Rec#: 1329
          Keywords: countermeasures-drugs.
142. Anonymous. (1994). Deception Or Truth? Analyzing Investigation Statements.
          Corporate Security, 20, 1-3.
          Rec#: 9588
          Keywords: criminal investigations/statement analysis.

143. Anonymous. (1973). Defendant cleared of murder. APA Newsletter, 3, 3
          Rec#: 1344
          Keywords: cases-homicide.

144. Anonymous. (1976). Defense Department letter to Bella S. Abzug. APA Newsletter,
          2-3.
          Rec#: 1350
          Keywords: legislation-federal-counterintelligence.

145. Anonymous. (1982). Defense Department officials took polygraph tests during
          investigation. APA Newsletter, 15, 9
          Rec#: 1351
          Keywords: cases-national security/screening-government.

146. Anonymous. (1984). Defense Dept. appeals again for right to use lie detectors.
          Aviation Week and Space Technology, 120, 272
          Rec#: 1348
          Keywords: leaks/counterintelligence/background investigations/U.S. Department
          of Justice/Saxe, Leonard/espionage/countermeasures/applications-national
          security.

147. Anonymous. (1986). Defense official dismissed for allegedly divulging defense data.
          APA Newsletter, 19, 17
          Rec#: 1352
          Keywords: cases-national security/Pillsbury, Michael E.

148. Anonymous. (1991). Defense Research funding available for 1991 and 1992.
          Polygraph, 20, 167-168.
          Rec#: 1353
          Keywords: Department of Defense/research-funding-PERSEREC.

149. Anonymous. (1984). DeLorean polygraph results can't be used. Crime Control Digest,
          18, 9
          Rec#: 1361
          Keywords: admissibility-federal-criminal cases.

150. Anonymous. (1983). Department of Justice defends limited use of polygraph.
          American Bar Association Law and National Security Intelligence Report, 5, 1,
          2, 6-8.
          Rec#: 1380
          Keywords: screening-government/applications-national security/validity.

151. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1997). Department Policy toward polygraph use:
             Polygraphs, polygarph test, polygraphs--department policy, polygraphs as an
             investigative tool, admission of polygraph eviene, lie detector examination.
             Rec#: 6945
             Keywords: FBI/Department of Justice/polygraph general/physiological responses.

152. Anonymous. (2001). Despite advances in measuring physiological changes, polygraph
          sticks with old ways. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 3 & 4
          Rec#: 7678
          Keywords: physiological responses/computerized polygraph/countermeasures.

153. Anonymous. (1974). Despite polygraph, innocent man served two years. APA
          Newsletter, 3
          Rec#: 1402
          Keywords: cases-innocent/cases-armed robbery.

154. Anonymous. (1932). Detecting liars. The Literary Digest,
          Rec#: 7072
          Keywords: blood pressure/Keeler, Leonarde/deception/sex offenders/confessions.

155. Anonymous. (1978). Detection of deception. Protection of Assets Manual,
          (Supplement), Section 31, pp. 1-18.
          Rec#: 1408
          Keywords: polygraph-general/history/test
          procedures/applications/countermeasures/examiners-training/examiners-qualificat
          ions.

156. Anonymous. (1938). Detection of Deception - admissibility of "lie detector" evidence.
          Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science, 29, 424-425.
          Rec#: 7519
          Keywords: admissibility/detection of deception.

157. Anonymous. (1938). Detection of deception - admissibility of "lie detector" evidence.
          Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science, 29, 285
           Rec#: 7520
          Keywords: detection of deception/pathometer/psychogalvanic response.

158. Anonymous. (1980). The dimensions of privacy - A survey. APA Newsletter, 13,
          11-12.
          Rec#: 1434
          Keywords: surveys-privacy/screening-commercial-privacy.

159. Anonymous. (1987). The director's column: Establishing the truthfulness of the sexual
          assault victim. The Investigator, 3, 5-8.
          Rec#: 3638
          Keywords: interrogation-sexual assault-victims/factual analysis-sexual
          assault-victims.

160. Anonymous. (1988). Director's column: Profiling arson suspects for interrogation. The
             Investigator, 4, 1-5.
             Rec#: 1437
             Keywords: interrogation-profiling-arson/interrogation-arson.

161. Anonymous. (1988). Director's column: Selecting themes for sexual assault
          interrogations. The Investigator, 4, 3-8.
          Rec#: 1438
          Keywords: interrogation-sexual assault.

162. Anonymous. (1987). The director's column: Themes for homicide investigations. The
          Investigator, 3, 3-7.
          Rec#: 3640
          Keywords: interrogation-homicide.

163. Anonymous. (1988). Director's column: Transitional phrases. The Investigator, 4,
          3-6.
          Rec#: 1439
          Keywords: interrogation-transitional phrases.

164. Anonymous. (1988). Disaster! President allows HR 1212/S 1904 to become law. APA
          Newsletter, 19, 1-7.
          Rec#: 1440
          Keywords: law-federal-commercial.

165. Anonymous. (1988). District attorneys recommend polygraphing pedophiles on
          probation. APA Newsletter, 21, 2
          Rec#: 1446
          Keywords: applications-probation/applications-pedophiles/National District
          Attorneys Association/Abrams, Stanley.

166. Anonymous. (1978). District of Columbia court admits polygraph evidence in juvenile
          case. APA Newsletter, 1, 1
          Rec#: 1447
          Keywords: cases-juveniles/admissibility-juveniles/subjects-juveniles/Washington
          DC.

167. Anonymous. (1977). Do lie detectors lie? Grafton Publications.
          Rec#: 7303
          Keywords: blood pressure/skin conductance/galvanic skin
          response/admissibility/voice stress.

168. Anonymous. (1987). DoD turns to polygraph tests to deter espionage. Inside the
          Turret, -
          Rec#: 1450
          Keywords: applications-counterintelligence/Department of Defense.
          Notes: Reprinted in APA Newsletter (1987, May/June), 20(3), 12.

169. Anonymous. (1978). Don't look now, but your eyes reveal those little white lies.
             Science Digest, 83, 29-33.
             Rec#: 7400
             Keywords: lying/lying-psychopaths/deception.

170. Anonymous. (nd). Donahue transcript #04201. Cincinatti, OH: Multimedia Program
          Productions.
          Rec#: 9057
          Keywords: criticism/admissibility/cases.

171. Donald Ray Watson v. State of Maryland. (1977). Ct. of Special App. of Maryland. 370
           A. 2d 1149. Anonymous.
           Rec#: 7493
           Keywords: admissibility-Maryland.
           Abstract: The Maryland Court of Special Appeals sustained the confession
           received after a polygraph examination. The subject was given a Miranda
           warning, but his counsel was not present at the time of the examination, despite
           the attorney's earlier advice to his client that he should be present. The Court
           noted that the right to have counsel present during an interrogation is a right of the
           defendant and not a right of defendant's counsel, despite Massiah v. U. S.
           Although notice was taken of the recent Johnson v. State, the Court did not
           discuss the element of complete disclosure of the polygraph proceedings as
           required by Johnson, and seemed to undermine that decision by Johnson, and
           seemed to undermine that decision by quoting from a different aspect of the case,
           dealing with the ability of the defendant to assert his innocence when confronted
           with results of a polygraph test.

172. Donald W. Wyrick v. Edward Fields. (1982). S. Ct. 1982. 103 S. Ct. 394, 74 Ed. 2d
           214. Anonymous.
           Rec#: 5648
           Keywords: interrogation/polygraph general.
           Notes: Also see P 2611.

173. Anonymous. (1988). Dr. Stanley Abrams summarizes findings of recent studies
          assessing use of activity sensor for countermeasures. Polygraph Update, 5, 1-2.
          Rec#: 1472
          Keywords: countermeasures-physical.

174. Anonymous. (1989). The drug war - U. S. Customs' secret weapon. APA Newsletter,
          22, 9-10.
          Rec#: 6001
          Keywords: cases-narcotics/cases-smuggling/U.S. Customs Service.

175. Anonymous. Anonymous. (nd). Austin, TX: Texas Department o f Public Safety.
          1-10 p.
          Rec#: 1515
          Keywords: subjects/pretest/law-waivers.
176. Anonymous. (1956). Electronic marvel weeds out dishonest and unfit applicants. Bus
          Transportation, November,
          Rec#: 7338
          Keywords: Backster technique/Backster, Cleve/applications-screening.

177. Anonymous. (1989). Eleventh circuit admits polygraph evidence. Polygraph, 18,
          125-142.
          Rec#: 9196
          Keywords: admissibility-Federal-11th Circuit.

178. Anonymous. (1989). Eleventh Circuit admits polygraph evidence. APA Newsletter,
          22, 5
          Rec#: 1576
          Keywords: admissibility-federal.

179. Anonymous. (1995). The elusive 'perfect' polygraph test. Polygraph News and Views,
          3, 1
          Rec#: 7598
          Keywords: question formulation-relevant-arson/background
          investigations/MGQT.

180. Anonymous. (2001). Email: The fine art of sending computer charts as message
          attachments. Polygraph News and Views, 9,
          Rec#: 7679
          Keywords: charts.

181. Embargoed for conclusion of background briefing. 83.
           Rec#: 7614
           Keywords: background investigations/Attorney General/criminal investigations.
           Notes: Held March 11, 1983, at the Department of Justice. Fact sheet
           Presidential Directive on Safeguarding National Security Information.

182. Anonymous. (1973). The emergence of the polygraph at trial. Columbia Law Review,
          73, 1120-1144.
          Rec#: 1588
          Keywords: admissibility.

183. Anonymous. (1976). Eminent stress researcher comments on the validity of the
          polygraph. Security Letter, 6, 3
          Rec#: 1589
          Keywords: validity-comment-Canada/Canada.

184. Anonymous. (1988). Employee polygraph protection act of 1988.
          Rec#: 6711
          Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/EPPA.
          Notes: Public Law 100-347, 100th Congress.

185. Anonymous. (1988). Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988: Law and
             explanation. Chicago, IL: Commerce Clearing House.
             Rec#: 1592
             Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection
             Act/law-federal-screening-commercial/law-limiting/law-labor-rights/law-EPPA.

186. Anonymous. (1988). End users register mixed reactions to Employee Polygraph
          Protection Act. Security Letter, 18, part I
          Rec#: 1596
          Keywords: law-EPPA/Employee Polygraph Protection Act.

187. Anonymous. (1981). Erasing stress with a tranquilizer. Science News, 119, 214
          Rec#: 9274
          Keywords: stress/drugs-tranquilizers/countermeasures-drugs/Orne, Martin T.

188. Ethical conduct. 55.
             Rec#: 7613
             Keywords: ethics/interrogation.
             Notes: Report to the President by the Committee on Ethics.

189. Anonymous. (1998). Evaluate what you are really providing. Nation's Business, 86,
          14
          Rec#: 3647
          Keywords: business aspects/preemployment screening.
          Abstract: Discusses the redefining of a business. Example of William M.
          Greenblatt and his conversion of his business from a polygraph-administering
          firm into a pre-employment screening service; His successful re-evaluation of his
          business Sterling Testing Systems.

190. Anonymous. (nd). Evidence - admissibility of lie detector results in criminal actions.
          Trial Lawyer's Guide, 463-464.
          Rec#: 8564
          Keywords: evidence/admissibility/Arizona.

191. Anonymous. (1975). Evidence - Polygraph tests - The results of a polygraph test are
          admissible if the defendant agrees in advance to the admission of the results
          regardless of the outcome. South Carolina Law Review, 26, 766-772.
          Rec#: 1629
          Keywords: admissibility-stipulated/stipulated examinations.

192. Anonymous. (nd). Evidentiary standards "Frye" suffers another fatal blow; New Mexico
          renounces Frye "general acceptance" as the sole criterion for admissibilty of
          expert testimony -- follows the Daubert "validity" model.
          Rec#: 6480
          Keywords: Frye case/Daubert Standard/New Mexico.
          Notes: name of journal unknown 17 (3), p. 10, 12.

193. Anonymous. (2001). Examination after interrogation: A difficult decision for police
          examiners.... Polygraph News and Views, 9, 1 & 4
             Rec#: 7543
             Keywords: interrogation/investigations-commercial/law enforcement.

194. Anonymous. (2000). Examinees complain & offer cheating advice. Polygraph News
          and Views, 8, 1-2.
          Rec#: 7533
          Keywords: criticism-general.

195. Anonymous. (2001). Examiner aims at single issue but discovers facts are more
          complicated; interpreting the results as mixed issue leads to admission from
          suspect. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 2
          Rec#: 6852
          Keywords: POLYSCORE/deception/relevant questions/comparison question.

196. Anonymous. (2001). Examiner beats medical doctors to right conclusion in suspicions
          of infant abuse. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 2-3.
          Rec#: 3369
          Keywords: applications-child sexual abuse/credibility assessment.

197. Anonymous. (1976). Examiner protected by attorney-client privilege in Virginia. APA
          Newsletter, 12-13.
          Rec#: 1638
          Keywords: law-attorney-client-privilege/Virginia.

198. Anonymous. (1985). Exculpatory examinations clear suspect of armed robbery charges.
          APA Newsletter, 18, 22
          Rec#: 1640
          Keywords: exculpatory tests/cases-armed robbery.

199. Anonymous. (1972). Expert testimony regarding the admissibility of the results of
          polygraph examinations in court. Chicago, IL: Leonarde Keeler, Inc.
           Rec#: 5848
          Keywords: courtroom testimony.
          Notes: Excerpt from: Transcript of proceedings in United States District Court in
          the District of Columbia in the case of United States v. Errol Zeiger, July 24,
          1972.

200. Anonymous. (1989). F. Lee Bailey addresses APA luncheon. APA Newsletter, 22,
          3-4.
          Rec#: 1649
          Keywords: admissibility/Bailey, F. Lee.

201. Anonymous. (1989). False charges of rape cleared up by polygraph tests. APA
          Newsletter, 22, 21
          Rec#: 1655
          Keywords: cases-rape-false/cases-child sexual abuse.

202. Anonymous. False-negatives in screening tests.    ed.
             Rec#: 6710
             Keywords: screening.
             Notes: Paper presented at the Federal Interagency Polygraph Seminar FBI
             Academy, June 18, 1987.

203. Anonymous. (1973). False robbery claim exposed. APA Newsletter, 3
          Rec#: 1657
          Keywords: cases-robbery.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 38-39). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

204. Anonymous. (1979). A false tale of rape cleared by polygraph examination. APA
          Newsletter, 11
          Rec#: 1658
          Keywords: cases-rape-false.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 19-20). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

205. Anonymous. (1983). FBI director instructs field agents about policies for missing
          children investigations. Crime Control Digest, 17, 2-4.
          Rec#: 1683
          Keywords: applications-missing children.

206. Anonymous. (1986). FBI expert produces evidence of high accuracy of polygraph tests.
          APA Newsletter, 19, 10
          Rec#: 1684
          Keywords: Federal Bureau of Investigation/research-validity-field
          examinations/validity-field examinations/surveys-error-FBI.

207. Anonymous. (1982). FBI helped solve the murder of nuns in El Salvador. APA
          Newsletter, 15, 32
          Rec#: 1685
          Keywords: cases-homicide-El Salvador/El Salvador/Federal Bureau of
          Investigation.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 34). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

208. Anonymous. (1986). FBI polygraph examination saves midshipman's career. APA
          Newsletter, 19, 7
          Rec#: 1687
          Keywords: cases-drugs/Federal Bureau of Investigation.

209. Anonymous. (1985). FBI polygraph examiner wins attorney general's award. APA
          Newsletter, 18, 7
          Rec#: 1686
          Keywords: examiners-federal/biographies-Murphy, James K./Federal Bureau of
          Investigation.
             Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
             (p. 37). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

210. Anonymous. Anonymous. FBI statement before Foreign Operations and Government
          Information Subcommittee of the House Committee on Government Operations.
          (1974 Jun 05).
          Rec#: 1688
          Keywords: law/screening-FBI/applications-federal/surveys/Federal Bureau of
          Investigation.

211. Anonymous. (1986). FBI to polygraph agents with classified access. APA Newsletter,
          19, 4
          Rec#: 1689
          Keywords: applications-national security/Federal Bureau of Investigation.

212. Anonymous. (1981). FBI used polygraph examinations in investigating ABSCAM
          leaks. APA Newsletter, 14, 1-2.
          Rec#: 1690
          Keywords: applications-national security/cases-internal
          investigations/law-administrative hearings/law/Federal Bureau of Investigation.

213. Anonymous. (1995). Federal Appeals Court Removes Ban On Polygraph Evidence.
          Criminal Justice Newsletter , 26, 4-5.
          Rec#: 9277
          Keywords: courtroom testimony/Judicial Discretion/Supreme Court.

214. Anonymous. (1989). Federal judge dismisses industry challenge to polygraph test
          restrictions. Corporate security digest, 3,
          Rec#: 7488
          Keywords: constitutional rights/screening/preemployment screening.
          Notes: suited by security firm.

215. Anonymous. (1988). Federal polygraph law enacted. Personnel Journal, August, 26
          Rec#: 6353
          Keywords: preemployment screening/background investigations.

216. Anonymous. ed. Washington DC: GPO.
          Rec#: 1698
          Keywords: National Security Decision Directive 84/applications-national
          security.

217. Anonymous. (1985). Federal polygraph policies - Described in Senate testimony.
          Polygraph, 14, 126-128.
          Rec#: 1699
          Keywords: applications-personnel
          security/applications-espionage/applications-counterintelligence/screening-govern
          ment/U.S. Air Force Personnel Security program/U.S. Army Personnel Security
          program/screening-Air Force/screening-Army/screening-FBI/Federal Bureau of
             Investigation/Boyce, Christopher J.

218. Anonymous. (1976). Federal trial court invalidates confession following examination.
          APA Newsletter, 26
          Rec#: 1700
          Keywords: law-confessions/interrogation-admissibility.

219. Anonymous. (2001). Feds plan to spend big to validate DOE polys. Polygraph News
          and Views, 9, 2
          Rec#: 7620
          Keywords: polygraph general/Office of Technology Assessment/Department of
          Energy.

220. Anonymous. (1981). A few facts about the psychological stress evaluator. Security
          Management,
          Rec#: 7559
          Keywords: PSE.

221. Anonymous. (1999). Fewer spy tests scheduled by Energy after complaints. Polygraph
          News and Views, 7, 3
          Rec#: 7680
          Keywords: espionage/criticism/DOE.

222. Anonymous. (2001). Fidgeting and broken eye contact: No longer regarded as
          indicators of lying...... Polygraph News and Views, 9, 1
          Rec#: 7682
          Keywords: accuracy/CIA/interrogation/confessions.

223. Final question preparation and review. 80.
            Rec#: 6870
            Keywords: stimulation tests/question formulation/irrelevants/pretest.

224. Anonymous. (1987). Finding the cardio leak. Polygraph Update, 4, 4-5.
          Rec#: 1741
          Keywords: instruments-cardio.

225. Anonymous. (1995). Five Guidelines On Integrity Tests. Security , 32, 65
          Rec#: 9283
          Keywords: employee screening/Psychological Testing.

226. Anonymous. (1990). Florida examiner solves New York case. APA Newsletter, 23,
          18
          Rec#: 1771
          Keywords: cases-homicide.

227. Anonymous. (1986). Florida school system uses polygraph tests when students make
          the request. APA Newsletter, 19, 34-35.
          Rec#: 1773
            Keywords: applications-schools.

228. Anonymous. (1985). Fluttering the Pentagon. Newsweek, 104, 31
          Rec#: 1775
          Keywords: Weinberger, Caspar W./Stilwell, Richard G./Department of
          Defense/applications-national security.

229. Anonymous. (1994). Focus - spy catchers: (Analysis of spy case - Aldrich Ames).
          MacNeil/Lehrer Newshour,
          Rec#: 6488
          Keywords: screening-CIA/counterintelligence.
          Notes: Transcript of show #4874.

230. Anonymous. (1981). For your information. Polygraph Update, 1, 3
          Rec#: 1778
          Keywords: instruments-line voltage/courtroom testimony .

231. Anonymous. (2001). Forensic neuroscience on trial. Nature Neuroscience, 4, 1
          Rec#: 6840
          Keywords: EEG/Farwell,
          Lawrence/P300/evidence/electromyography/admissibility.

232. Anonymous. (1987). Former CIA Chief says he tried to have Marine guards
          polygraphed. APA Newsletter, 20, 11
          Rec#: 1787
          Keywords: applications-embassies/applications-counterintelligence-embassies.

233. Anonymous. (1987). Former national security Dir. Bud McFarlane twice fluked
          polygraph exam in 1982. Security Letter, 17,
          Rec#: 7316
          Keywords: leaks.

234. Anonymous. (1982). Former police chief cleared of accusation. APA Newsletter, 15,
          17
          Rec#: 1788
          Keywords: cases-false allegation.

235. Anonymous. (1988). Four polygraph tests free innocent youth from prison. APA
          Newsletter, 21, 11
          Rec#: 1794
          Keywords: cases-robbery.

236. Anonymous. (1980). Framed man cleared by polygraph. APA Newsletter, 13, 7
          Rec#: 1803
          Keywords: cases-burglary.

237. Anonymous. (1998). Fred Inbau. Economist,       347, 86
          Rec#: 7238
            Keywords: Inbau, Fred E.
            Abstract: Notes the death of the controversial criminologist Fred Inbau on May
            25, 1998. Age of Inbau when he died. Unorthodox teaching techniques at
            Northwestern University at Evanstown, Illinois; Views on the science of criminal
            justice; Work on the polygraph; Criticism of the Supreme Court's `Miranda'
            decision in 1966; His book "Criminal Interrogation and Confessions.".

238. Fundamentals of courtroom testimony for polygraph examiners. 90.
           Rec#: 7300
           Keywords: courtroom testimony/Qualifications/polygraph techniques.

239. Gary Witherspoon v. The Superior Court of Los Angeles County. (1982). Ct. App. Div.
           2 CA 1982. 13 Cal. App. 3d 24. Anonymous.
           Rec#: 5660
           Keywords: admissibility-California/evidence/criminal trials.
           Notes: Also see P 910.

240. Anonymous. (1980). General question test. Polygraph Review, 1, 1-4.
          Rec#: 9291
          Keywords: polygraph-general.

241. Anonymous. (1986). General Stilwell dedicates new DoD Polygraph School. APA
          Newsletter, 19, 2-4.
          Rec#: 1965
          Keywords: history/Department of Defense Polygraph Institute.

242. Anonymous. (1978). Georgia admits polygraph evidence - State v. Chambers.
          Polygraph, 7, 53-57.
          Rec#: 1969
          Keywords: admissibility-Georgia/stipulated examinations-Georgia.

243. Anonymous. (1984). Georgia State Board of Polygraph Examiners Survey. APA
          Newsletter, 17, 22
          Rec#: 1970
          Keywords:
          examiners-Georgia/ethics/training-examiners-Georgia/surveys-Georgia.

244. Anonymous. (1982). Georgia Supreme Court Justice gives his views on the polygraph.
          APA Newsletter, 15, 11
          Rec#: 1971
          Keywords: admissibility-Georgia.

245. Anonymous. (1980). Getaway driver didn't know it was a robbery. APA Newsletter,
          13, 12
          Rec#: 1986
          Keywords: cases-robbery.

246. Anonymous. (1987). Ghorbanifar: Truth was the victim. Insight, 20
             Rec#: 1987
             Keywords: cases-intelligence.

247. Anonymous. (1987). Girl lies about abduction, polygraph test clears the case. APA
          Newsletter, 20, 9
          Rec#: 2003
          Keywords: cases-kidnapping.

248. Anonymous. (1988). Glenn E. Davis retires from profession. APA Newsletter, 21,
          12-13.
          Rec#: 2010
          Keywords: biographies-Davis, Glenn E.

249. Anonymous. (1996). Go figure. Sports Illustrated, 14
          Rec#: 7164
          Keywords: polygraph general.

250. Anonymous. (1988). Golden age of polygraph comes to an end as Reagan signs bill to
          limit its use. Security Letter, 18,
          Rec#: 7079
          Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection
          Act/investigations-commercial/preemployment screening.

251. Anonymous. (1988). Good news and bad news. NDI, Newsletter of the NWPE, 1,
          10-11.
          Rec#: 2039
          Keywords: cases-sexual abuse.

252. The GQT polygraph test: scoring and reliability. nd.
           Rec#: 6552
           Keywords: techniques-GQT/test data analysis/reliability.
           Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

253. Anonymous. (1989). GSG vs. GSR: A measurement comparison of skin conductance
          to skin resistance. Polygraph Update, 6,
          Rec#: 6494
          Keywords: electrodermal/skin conductance/skin resistance/GSR/GSG/Lafayette
          Instrument Company.

254. Anonymous. (2001). GSR scoring become more flexible. Polygraph News and Views,
          9, 1 & 4
          Rec#: 4010
          Keywords: GSR/electrodermal response/skin conductance/baseline arousal.

255. Anonymous. (1990). Guard In $10.8 Million Heist Fails Polygraph Test. Corporate
          Security Digest, 4, 6-7.
          Rec#: 9797
          Keywords: cases-armored vehicle robberies.
256. A guide to post-test interrogation. nd.
            Rec#: 9182
            Keywords: interrogation-post-test.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

257. Anonymous. (1998). Guidelines suggested for post-conviction testing. Polygraph
          News and Views, 6, 2
          Rec#: 7588
          Keywords: sex offenders/false positive/post test.

258. Anonymous. H. R. 4681. ed.
          Rec#: 6090
          Keywords: screening/litigation-federal/physiological responses.

259. Anonymous. H.R. 9878. A bill to amend the Administrative Expenses Act of 1946 to
          prohibit, except in certain instances, the expenditure of any funds by any
          executive department or agency of the United States for the acquisition or use of a
          polygraph (lie detector) machine. ed. 1965 Jul 15; Washington DC: GPO.
          Rec#: 9798
          Keywords: legislation-federal/prohibiting.

260. Anonymous. (1996). Habituation and polygraph testing: a bibliography. Polygraph,
          25, 150-151.
          Rec#: 7107
          Keywords: bibliographies/polygraph general/habituation.

261. Anonymous. (2002). Handbook of polygraph testing. San Diego: Academic Press.
          Rec#: 3537
          Keywords: CQT/pretest interview/sex offenders/countermeasures/event-related
          potentials/GKT/concealed information/criminal investigations/detection of
          deception.

262. Anonymous. (1986). Have you ever owed a bar bill? Harper's, 272, 14-17.
          Rec#: 2301
          Keywords: screening-government.

263. Hearing on Motions to Suppress and excerpts from July trial. United States of America vs
            Robert Lee Morrow. 83.
            Rec#: 6823
            Keywords: admissibility-North Carolina.
            Notes: In the District Court of the United States for the Western district of North
            Carolina, Charlotte Division, Docket No. C-CR-83-23.

264. Anonymous. (1995). The Heart Rate Response As An Index Of The Lie Detection Test:
          A Study Of Heart Rate Response On Field Testing Situations. Polygraph , 24,
          56
          Rec#: 9305
          Keywords: Reports/heart rate-research.
265. Anonymous. (2000). Her heart was in her shoe: A countermeasure. Polygraph News
          and Views, 8, 3
          Rec#: 7683
          Keywords: countermeasures.

266. Anonymous. (1998). High court decision renews debate. Polygraph News and Views,
          6, 1-3.
          Rec#: 7590
          Keywords: reliability/credibility assessment/Scheffer case.

267. Anonymous. (2002). High court sets sex offender policy: Extended sentence deemed
          unjustified..... Polygraph News and Views, 10, 1 &4
          Rec#: 7262
          Keywords: sex offenders/supreme court.

268. Anonymous. (2001). High court to hear disclosure case: may limit aggressive sex
          offender programs. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 1 & 4
          Rec#: 6853
          Keywords: sex offenders/rape.

269. Anonymous. (2000). High profile polygraphs: Simpson & Ramseys. Polygraph News
          and Views, 8, 1 & 2
          Rec#: 7684
          Keywords: interrogation/Ramseys/Simpson, O.J.

270. Anonymous. (1987). Highest military court accepts polygraph. APA Newsletter, 20, 8
          Rec#: 2380
          Keywords: admissibility-military.

271. Anonymous. (1953). Highlights of polygraph survey conducted by University of
          Tennessee. The Police Chief, 20, 30
          Rec#: 2382
          Keywords: surveys/validity-surveys/history.

272. Anonymous. (1991). Historical Note. Polygraph, 20, 52-53.
          Rec#: 9636
          Keywords: polygraph-general.

273. Anonymous. (1975). Historical note: The first polygraphist. Security Letter, 5, 4
          Rec#: 2405
          Keywords: history.

274. Anonymous. (1987). Historycal note: Chloroform for interrogation. Polygraph , 16,
          81
          Rec#: 2404
          Keywords: historical interest/narcointerrogation/chloroform.

275. Anonymous. (1977). Holiday thefts expected to be huge. APA Newsletter, 7
             Rec#: 2435
             Keywords: screening-commercial-theft.
             Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
             (p. 43). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

276. Anonymous. Homer Allen Marcum v. The State of Texas. ed.
          Rec#: 5217
          Keywords: admissibility/court rulings/probation/interrogation.
          Abstract: Polygraph examination administered as part of a court-ordered
          condition of probation is not an in custody interrogation for purposes of triggering
          the need to give Miranda warning and parolee's confession to additional crimes
          during a polygraph post-examination interview is admissible in a parole
          revocation hearing. Case #983 S. W. 2d 762, Texas App. 14th District.

277. Anonymous. (1975). Honesty of Congressional chairwoman questioned in polygraph
          hearing. Security Letter, 6, 4
          Rec#: 2453
          Keywords: legislation-federal.

278. Anonymous. (1969). Honesty questionnaire enables employers to determine applicant's
          trustworthiness. Mid-Continent Banker,
          Rec#: 2454
          Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment/integrity tests/bank protection
          act/honesty questionnaires/Reid Report.

279. Anonymous. (1988). House bill would severely limit FBI and DEA testing. APA
          Newsletter, 21, 1
          Rec#: 2552
          Keywords: legislation-federal/Federal Bureau of Investigation/Drug Enforcement
          Administration.

280. Anonymous. (1976). House committee calls for ban on government use of polygraphs.
          APA Monitor, 7, 8, 10.
          Rec#: 2553
          Keywords: screening-government/voice stress analysis/PSE/criticism-validity.

281. Anonymous. (1979). House committee notes use of polygraph screening in federal
          service. APA Newsletter, 1
          Rec#: 2554
          Keywords: screening-government.

282. Anonymous. (1985). House hears testimony on bills to ban use of polygraphs by private
          industry employers. Narcotics Control Digest, 15, 7
          Rec#: 2555
          Keywords: legislation-federal-screening/screening-commercial.

283. Anonymous. (1985). House of Representatives - Reports on Brooks/Schroeder Bill.
          Polygraph, 14, 158-190.
            Rec#: 2560
            Keywords:
            legislation-federal-counterintelligence/screening-government/applications-counter
            intelligence/cases-counterintelligence.

284. Anonymous. (1986). House to vote to ban polygraph. Security Management, 30, 112
          Rec#: 2566
          Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial.

285. Anonymous. (1969). How a lie detector works. McCall's, 52
          Rec#: 2571
          Keywords: physiological responses/screening/breathing
          changes/GSR/electrocardiogram.

286. Anonymous. (1985). How accurate is the polygraph? CSC Special Security Office
          Newsletter, 1-2.
          Rec#: 2572
          Keywords: validity.

287. Anonymous. (1975). How good is a confession brought about by a lie detector test?
          Protection Management, 1
          Rec#: 2574
          Keywords: admissibility-confessions.

288. Anonymous. (1980). How many times can employees be compelled to take polygraph
          tests? Protection Management, 1-2.
          Rec#: 2575
          Keywords: screening-commercial/law-labor.

289. Anonymous. (1989). How to comply with the polygraph law. Nation's Business, 77,
          36-37.
          Rec#: 2577
          Keywords: law-EPPA.

290. Anonymous. (1964). How true are lie detectors? Good Housekeeping, 158, 157
          Rec#: 7399
          Keywords: blood pressure/Accuracy/lying-pathological.

291. Anonymous. (1989). Huge settlement reached in polygraph testing case . Corporate
          security digest,
          Rec#: 7485
          Keywords: criticism/applications-preemployment/California.

292. Anonymous. (1996). IACP establishes a model policy on polygraph. Polygraph , 25,
          128-133.
          Rec#: 5099
          Keywords: policy/criminal justice system/inconclusive results.
293. Anonymous. (1990). IACP resolution advocates quality control. APA Newsletter, 23,
          10
          Rec#: 2638
          Keywords: quality control/International Association of Chiefs of Police.

294. Anonymous. (1989). Idaho admits stipulated polygraph test results. APA Newsletter,
          22, 6
          Rec#: 2641
          Keywords: admissibility-Idaho.

295. Anonymous. (1986). Idaho Supreme Court admits polygraph evidence. APA
          Newsletter, 19, 18
          Rec#: 2642
          Keywords: admissibility-Idaho/cases-child sexual abuse.

296. Anonymous. (1998). Identifi computer chart evaluation: Another way of looking at
          Axcition charts. Polygraph News and Views, 6, 1 & 2
          Rec#: 7231
          Keywords: Axciton/charts/POLYSCORE.

297. Anonymous. (1989). If it were not for a polygraph test.... APA Newsletter, 22, 22
          Rec#: 2644
          Keywords: cases-homicide.

298. Anonymous. (1984). If you're asked to take a lie detector test....... Changing Times,
          38, 66-70.
          Rec#: 2645
          Keywords: screening-commercial/criticism-rights.

299. Anonymous. (1983). Illinois Polygraph Society survey. Illinois Polygraph Society
          Newsletter, 5-8.
          Rec#: 2651
          Keywords: surveys-Illinois/applications-commercial/stipulated
          examinations/Illinois/validity-opinion.
          Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 12 , 383-386.

300. Anonymous. (1977). Illinois Polygraph Society v. Anthony Joseph Pellicano.
          Polygraph, 6, 277-292.
          Rec#: 2650
          Keywords: voice stress
          analysis/PSE/licensing-Illinois/litigation-licensing-Illinois.

301. Anonymous. (1976). Illinois regulations. Polygraph, 5, 332-336.
          Rec#: 2652
          Keywords: licensing-Illinois/regulations-Illinois/examiners-qualifications.

302. Anonymous. (1980). In the courts. The Criminal Law Reporter, 26, 2385-2386.
          Rec#: 9156
             Keywords: admissibility-New York.
             Notes: [BNA, Inc.].

303. Anonymous. (1977). In the Supreme Court of British Columbia: Her Majesty the Queen
          against William Wong - Reasons for holding as admissible opinion evidence of
          polygraph examiners. Polygraph, 6, 58-70.
          Rec#: 2674
          Keywords: admissibility-Canada/cases-homicide-Canada/Canada.

304. Anonymous. (2001). In the United States Supreme Court: No hearings granted to
          velitations. Academy News, 31, 22
          Rec#: 7720
          Keywords: supreme court/admissibility.

305. Anonymous. (1998). Inconclusives: Are they trying to tell the examiner something?
          Polygraph News and Views, 6, 2-3.
          Rec#: 7592
          Keywords: inconclusive results/Accuracy/sexual perverts.

306. Anonymous. (1990). Indiana Supreme court upholds murder conviction involving
          polygraph tests. APA Newsletter, 23, 2-3.
          Rec#: 2720
          Keywords: admissibility-Indiana.

307. Anonymous. (1991). Indiana trial court admits stipulated polygraph evidence. APA
          Newsletter, 24, 6
          Rec#: 2721
          Keywords: admissibility-Indiana.

308. Anonymous. (1980). Indigent defendants may be entitled to free lie detector tests. The
          Criminal Law Reporter, 27, 2488-2489.
          Rec#: 2722
          Keywords: law-rights to free test/law-constitutional rights/free test/indigent
          defendant.

309. Anonymous. (1979). Innocent of rape, man spends three months in jail. APA
          Newsletter, 12, 15-16.
          Rec#: 2729
          Keywords: cases-rape-innocent.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 10). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

310. Anonymous. (1985). Innocent person writes to congressman. APA Newsletter, 18, 13
          Rec#: 2730
          Keywords: cases-innocent.

311. Anonymous. (1979). Innocently doing his job. APA Newsletter, 12, 16-17.
          Rec#: 2731
             Keywords: cases-bribery.
             Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
             (p. 19). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

312. Anonymous. (1998). Inside polygraph: the same process that helps select books and
          movies. Polygraph New & Views, 6, 3
          Rec#: 7594
          Keywords: criticism.

313. Anonymous. (nd). Interrogation and lie detection examination rooms. Bulletin of the
          C. H. Stoelting Company, 6 pp.
          Rec#: 2733
          Keywords: facilities.

314. Anonymous. (1998). Interrogation relies on human nature : Old techniques are still
          some of the best. Polygraph News& Views, 6, 1-2.
          Rec#: 7492
          Keywords: interrogation/confessions/techniques.

315. Anonymous. (1979). The intimidation of job tests. AFL-CIO American Federationist,
          86, 1-8.
          Rec#: 2737
          Keywords: screening-commercial/criticism-intimidation.

316. Anonymous. (1995). Investigations: Reprieve For The Polygraph? Security Letter ,
          25, 4
          Rec#: 9313
          Keywords: courtroom testimony.

317. Anonymous. (1993). Investigator Bails Out Of Export Biz After Conviction Involving
          Faulty Paperwork. Security Letter , 23,
          Rec#: 9601
          Keywords: export law/import law.

318. Anonymous. (1988). Iowa passes polygraph limiting act. APA Newsletter, 21, 2-3.
          Rec#: 2739
          Keywords: law-limiting-state/Iowa/Iowa limiting act.

319. Anonymous. (1978). Is a confession "involuntary" if it was induced by a lie detector?
          Protection Management, 2172, 3-4.
          Rec#: 2745
          Keywords: law-confessions-post test.

320. Anonymous. (1978). Is a suspect justified in questioning the accuracy of a lie detector
          machine? Protection Management, 2185, 2, 4.
          Rec#: 2746
          Keywords: admissibility.
321. Anonymous. (1995). The ISDD, an APA predecessor. Polygraph , 24, 54-56.
          Rec#: 9314
          Keywords: APA.

322. Anonymous. (1985). It's a lie. Nation's Business, 73, 12-13.
          Rec#: 2751
          Keywords: screening-commercial.

323. Anonymous. (1981). It wasn't self defense. APA Newsletter, 14, 6
          Rec#: 2752
          Keywords: cases-homicide.

324. James A. Frye vs. United States. (1923). Court of Appeals of the District of
           Columbia.Anonymous.
           Rec#: 6982
           Keywords: Frye case/courtroom testimony-expert qualifications/blood
           pressure/admissibility.
           Notes: Supplementary brief.

325. Anonymous. (1999). Jefferson's two-pen polygraph. Polygraph News and Views, 7, 2
          Rec#: 7727
          Keywords: historical interest-instruments.

326. John Kaske v. The City of Rockford. 82.
           Rec#: 6342
           Keywords: admissibility.
           Notes: Docket Nos. 55501, 55599 cons.-Agenda 29-May 1982.

327. Johnson v. Maryland. (1976). Ct. of Special App. of Maryland. 31 Md. app. 03, 355
           A.2d 504. Anonymous.
           Rec#: 7494
           Keywords: admissibility-Maryland/interrogation/False statements.
           Notes: Also see P 181.

328. Anonymous. (1999). JonBenet Ramsey: A lesson for polygraph examiners ----go by the
          book. Polygraph News and Views, 7, 3
          Rec#: 7008
          Keywords: investigations-commercial.

329. Anonymous. (1978). Journalist claims polygraph tells lies. Security Letter, 8, Part I,
          2-3.
          Rec#: 2841
          Keywords: criticism-validity.

330. Anonymous. (1982). Judge required defendants to pass polygraph test in pleading.
          APA Newsletter, 15, 16
          Rec#: 2849
          Keywords: applications-plea bargains/cases-homicide.
331. Anonymous. (1973). Judicial order admits polygraph in Florida. Polygraph, 2, 59-64.
          Rec#: 2852
          Keywords: admissibility-Florida.

332. Anonymous. (1980). Judicial: State v. Catanese. Security Management, 24, 39
          Rec#: 2853
          Keywords: admissibility-Louisiana.
          Notes: See also P 7497.

333. Anonymous. (1973). Justice Department recommends polygraph for police intelligence.
          Polygraph, 2, 144-145.
          Rec#: 2866
          Keywords: applications-intelligence.

334. Anonymous. (1981). Justice sometimes. APA Newsletter, 14, 6
          Rec#: 2869
          Keywords: cases-kidnapping/cases-robbery/American Polygraph
          Association-Case Review Committee/applications-defense/applications-criminal
          investigations.

335. Anonymous. (1979). Juvenile spared arson prosecution. APA Newsletter, 12, 12-13.
          Rec#: 2870
          Keywords: cases-arson.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 20). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

336. Anonymous. (1978). Kampiles confessed to espionage after FBI polygraph
          examination. APA Newsletter, 11, 1-2.
          Rec#: 2880
          Keywords: cases-espionage/applications-counterintelligence.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 33). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

337. Anonymous. (1990). Kansas Bureau of Investigation finds prisoners allegations false.
          APA Newsletter, 23, 11
          Rec#: 2881
          Keywords: cases-police/cases-false reports/Kansas.

338. Anonymous. (1988). Kansas court supports polygraph requirement for diversion
          program. APA Newsletter, 21, 8
          Rec#: 2882
          Keywords: law-probation/Kansas/law-diversion programs/applications-probation.

339. Anonymous. (nd). Keeler Polygraphs "The pacesetter series". Chicago, Illinois:
          Associated Research, Inc.
          Rec#: 7643
          Keywords: instruments-Keeler/historical interest-instruments-Keeler.
          Notes: T.P. Manual 70.1.
340. Anonymous. (1981). Keeping secrets secret. The Lipman Report, 1-2.
          Rec#: 2940
          Keywords: screening-government/Central Intelligence Agency.

341. Keith Anderson et al. vs. The City of Philadlephia et al., appellants. 88.
            Rec#: 9824
            Keywords: preemployment screening/cases.
            Notes: United Sates Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit No. 87-1546. On
            Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of
            Pennesylvania (Civil Action No. 86-7571).

342. Keith v. Stoelting Inc. (1990). 5th Cir. 915 F. 2d 996. Anonymous.
            Rec#: 7495
            Keywords: admissibility/Stoelting.

343. Anonymous. (1991). Knoxville begins testing sex offenders on probation. APA
          Newsletter, 24, 5
          Rec#: 7703
          Keywords: probation/sex offenders.

344. Kristine S. Chatwin v. Davis County. (1996). U. S. Dist. Ct., D. Utah, Central Div. 936
             F. Supp. 832, 45 Fed. R. Evid. Serv. 665. Anonymous.
             Rec#: 7496
             Keywords: admissibility-Utah/evidence.

345. Anonymous. Anonymous. Kubis report of 1973 - An invalid study - Critical analysis.
          Dektor Counterintelligence and Security, Inc. (1973).
          Rec#: 7922
          Keywords: Dektor psychological stress analyzer/Kubis, Joseph F.
          Abstract: Criticisms fall into three categories: (1) The objective of the contract
          was not addressed by the specifications; (2) Certain specifications of this contract
          were not performed; and (3) Sufficient variables were uncontrolled rendering the
          study scientifically invalid. The objective of the contract was to validate the
          voice analyzer in as realistic a situation as possible. The study failed to use
          available polygraph examinations of actual criminal investigations and failed to
          examine all possible combinations of criminals, accomplices, and innocents. The
          study failed to model the interrogation after standard examining procedures.
          This report also finds that the study did not perform certain specifications of the
          contract. The contract specifies that an analysis should be made for each subject
          showing the accuracy of each instrument. This was not done and reasons were
          not given for the missing data. Furthermore, required charts showing stress
          levels of subjects for each response do not appear in the study report. The
          Fordham study also failed to control certain variables. It failed to identify stress
          stemming from other causes, and experimenteal procedure was not consistent. It
          was concluded as follows: (1) The award of the contract was unwise; (2) The
          study met neither the specifications nor the objective of the contract; (3) The
          results of the report appear invalid; (4) Public funds should be returned; and (5) A
             statement of the false authenticity of the study report should be issued.

346. Anonymous. (1985). Lafayette reports findings of recent examiner questionnaire.
          Polygraph Update, 5, 1-2.
          Rec#: 3152
          Keywords: surveys-examiners/instruments-Lafayette.

347. Anonymous. (1992). Last minute test of Coleman didn't stop the execution. American
          Polygraph Association Newsletter, 25, 8
          Rec#: 6624
          Keywords: polygraph use by criminals.

348. Anonymous. (1983). Law limits Department of Defense from expanding polygraph use.
          APA Newsletter, 16, 1-2.
          Rec#: 3241
          Keywords: law-federal/applications-national security/screening-government.

349. Anonymous. (1991). Law Notes--Observations On The Final EPPA Rules. Polygraph,
          20, 108-114.
          Rec#: 9639
          Keywords: EPPA/employees/legal status/privacy rights/voice stress analysis.
          Notes: Reprinted in The Polygraph Protection Act of 1988 (EPPA), 363.254 Am3.

350. Anonymous. (1986). The leak mania. The Nation, 242, 779-780.
          Rec#: 7575
          Keywords: cases-burglary/leaks/surveillance/interviewing.

351. Lecture by Hans Zimmermann. 55-56.
            Rec#: 7585
            Keywords: Germany/personality variables-cultural influences/cross-cultural
            differences/displaced persons/social perception.
            Notes: Annual meeting of the Academy for Scientific Interrogation @ 1955 or
            1956.

352. Anonymous. (1989). Legislative analysis: legislative highlights of the 100th congress.
          Police chief, 48-49.
          Rec#: 7480
          Keywords: legislation/death penalty/verification tests.

353. Anonymous. (1990). Legislative analysis: Polygraphs in law enforcement: Quality
          control for the future. Police Chief, 58, 58-60.
          Rec#: 3278
          Keywords: EPPA/quality control/American Association of Police
          Polygraphists/Colassa, Dan/Addison, Milt/AAPP/IACP.
          Abstract: IACP Executive Committee passed a resolution endorsing quality
          control programs (Feb 90). AAPP set up QC program Jun 90.

354. Anonymous. (1987). Legislative analysis - The polygraph controversy. Police Chief,
             54, 62
             Rec#: 3277
             Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial.

355. Anonymous. (1988). Lenders face new home equity duties. ABA Banking Journal,
          80, 14-17.
          Rec#: 9339
          Keywords: applications-banking.

356. Anonymous. (1985). Licensing act passed by Suffolk County, New York. APA
          Newsletter, 18, 14
          Rec#: 3326
          Keywords: legislation-state/New York/licensing-New York.

357. Anonymous. (1952). Lie detecting set AN/USS-2A. Washington, DC: GPO.
          Rec#: 5699
          Keywords: instruments-AN-USS-2A (Stoelting)/Stoelting.
          Notes: Technical manual: Army TM 11-5530, Air Force TO 16-30USS-2-5.

358. Anonymous. (1952). The Lie detector. Drake Law Review, 1, 50-55.
          Rec#: 3336
          Keywords: admissibility.

359. Anonymous. (1957). Lie detector. Newsweek, 49, 32
          Rec#: 3337
          Keywords: polygraph-general.

360. Anonymous. (1939). The lie detector and the prison break. Finger Print Magazine,
          3-8, 19-20.
          Rec#: 1185
          Keywords: cases-prisoners/historical interest-law enforcement.

361. Anonymous. (1987). Lie detector ban height of hypocrisy. Spotlight, 13, 13-14.
          Rec#: 3341
          Keywords: legislation-federal.

362. Anonymous. (1964). The lie detector confirms his story. Life, 56, 88-89.
          Rec#: 3344
          Keywords: cases-assassination/cases-bombing/Partin, Edward
          Grady/Hoffa/Harrelson/polygram/R & I specific/relevant-irrelevant method.
          Abstract: The lie detector which verified Partin's story about Hoffa was
          administered by the nation's foremost expert in the field. He is Leonard H.
          Harrelson, president of Leonarde Keeler, Inc. of Chicago, prioneer developers of
          the testing technique and teachers of its technique.

363. Anonymous. (1985). Lie detector evidence fails to alter grand jury's decision. Review
          Journal, -
          Rec#: 3351
            Keywords: admissibility-grand jury/admissibility-Nevada/cases-child sexual
            abuse/grand jury.
            Notes: Abstracted in APA Newsletter, 19(1), 31-32.

364. Anonymous. (1960). Lie detector helps heart. Science News Letter, 78, 84
          Rec#: 6431
          Keywords: heart disease/respiration.

365. Anonymous. (1965). The lie detector investigated. Scientific American, 212, 50
          Rec#: 3356
          Keywords: criticism.

366. Anonymous. (1938). The lie detector: Opinions as to use and value of polygraph.
          American Journal of Medical Jurisprudence, 1, 258-259.
          Rec#: 3363
          Keywords: law/admissibility/historical
          interest/opinions/Woods/Guttmacher/Camp/Overholser/Myerson/Huddleson/Snyd
          er.

367. Anonymous. (1951). Lie detector tests. Journal of the American Medical Association,
          147, 615
          Rec#: 3370
          Keywords: polygraph-general/pulse rate/blood pressure.

368. Anonymous. (1959). Lie detector tests. Current Medicine for Attorneys, 6, 41-43.
          Rec#: 8948
          Keywords: polygraph-general/pulse rate/respiration/blood pressure/autonomic
          nervous system/false positive/false negative/truth serum.

369. Anonymous. (1978). Lie detector tests: Admissibility. IACP Law Enforcement Legal
          Review, 10
          Rec#: 3382
          Keywords: admissibility.

370. Anonymous. (1979). Lie detector tests: Admissibility. IACP Law Enforcement Legal
          Review, 11-12.
          Rec#: 3388
          Keywords: admissibility.

371. Anonymous. (1982). Lie detector tests: Admissibility. IACP Law Enforcement Legal
          Review, 15
          Rec#: 3394
          Keywords: admissibility.

372. Anonymous. (1978). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Impeachment of defendant.
          IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 7
          Rec#: 3383
          Keywords: admissibility-impeachment/law-impeachment.
373. Anonymous. (1975). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Massachusetts. IACP Law
          Enforcement Legal Review, 15
          Rec#: 3373
          Keywords: admissibility-Massachusetts.

374. Anonymous. (1981). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Missouri. IACP Law
          Enforcement Legal Review, 11-12.
          Rec#: 3393
          Keywords: admissibility-Missouri.

375. Anonymous. (1978). Lie detector tests: Admissibility; New Jersey. IACP Law
          Enforcement Legal Review, 7-8.
          Rec#: 3385
          Keywords: admissibility-New Jersey.

376. Anonymous. (1978). Lie detector tests: Admissibility of fact of test to bolster witness
          credibility. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 7
          Rec#: 3384
          Keywords: admissibility.

377. Anonymous. (1979). Lie detector tests: Admissibility of results as independent evidence
          of guilty - Harmless error. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 13
          Rec#: 3389
          Keywords: admissibility.

378. Anonymous. (1976). Lie detector tests: Admissibility of unstipulated test results. IACP
          Law Enforcement Legal Review, 10-11.
          Rec#: 3378
          Keywords: admissibility-unstipulated.

379. Anonymous. (1975). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Ohio. IACP Law Enforcement
          Legal Review, 12-13.
          Rec#: 3372
          Keywords: admissibility-Ohio.

380. Anonymous. (1975). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Permitting witness to testify to
          statements made by defendant during test. IACP Law Enforcement Legal
          Review, 10
          Rec#: 3374
          Keywords: admissibility-witnesses.

381. Anonymous. (1978). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Post-conviction proceedings.
          IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 11
          Rec#: 3387
          Keywords: admissibility-post trial.

382. Anonymous. (1975). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Probation revocation hearings -
          Procedure. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 12
             Rec#: 3375
             Keywords: applications-probation/admissibility-probation.

383. Anonymous. (1981). Lie detector tests: Admissibility; qualification of examiner.
          IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 9
          Rec#: 6340
          Keywords: stipulated examinations/admissibility.

384. Anonymous. (1975). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Qualifications of
          examiner-witness. IACP Law Enforcement legal Review, 9
          Rec#: 3376
          Keywords: admissibility-expert testimony/courtroom testimony/examiners-expert
          witness/courtroom testimony-expert qualifications/admissibility-standards.

385. Anonymous. (1976). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Reference by witness to tests
          and results. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 11
          Rec#: 3380
          Keywords: admissibility-expert testimony.

386. Anonymous. (1980). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Stipulation. IACP Law
          Enforcement Legal Review, 12
          Rec#: 3392
          Keywords: admissibility-stipulated/stipulated examinations.

387. Anonymous. (1976). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Stipulation and lack of
          objection. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 11-12.
          Rec#: 3381
          Keywords: admissibility-stipulated.

388. Anonymous. (1981). Lie detector tests: admissibility: stipulations; Waiver. IACP
          Law Enforcement Legal Review, 9
          Rec#: 3400
          Keywords: admissibility/stipulated examinations/law-waivers.

389. Anonymous. (1975). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Sufficiency of the record. IACP
          Law Enforcement Legal Review, 13
          Rec#: 3377
          Keywords: admissibility.

390. Anonymous. (1979). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Testimony of statistical
          reliability. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 13-14.
          Rec#: 3390
          Keywords: admissibility-statistical/courtroom
          testimony/reliability/validity-statistical.

391. Anonymous. (1979). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Trial and post-trial proceedings.
          IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 15
          Rec#: 3391
             Keywords: admissibility/admissibility-post trial/applications-post trial.

392. Anonymous. (1978). Lie detector tests: Admissibility - Wyoming. IACP Law
          Enforcement Legal Review, 11-12.
          Rec#: 3386
          Keywords: admissibility-Wyoming.

393. Anonymous. (1951). Lie-detector tests on workers. Business Week, 24
          Rec#: 3447
          Keywords: modified lie detector/Fries, Beall & Sharp/employees/Personnel
          Research Inc/applications-commercial.

394. Anonymous. (1982). Lie detector tests: Standards for admission. IACP Law
          Enforcement legal Review, 8
          Rec#: 3402
          Keywords: admissibility-standards.

395. Anonymous. (1980). Lie detector tests: Stipulation - Admissibility - Non-licensed
          examiners. IACP Law Enforcement Legal Review, 14
          Rec#: 3399
          Keywords:
          admissibility-stipulated/licensing-admissibility/examiners-qualifications.

396. Anonymous. (1979). Lie detector tests: Stipulation - Impeachment. IACP Law
          Enforcement Legal Review, 14
          Rec#: 3397
          Keywords: admissibility-stipulated/stipulated
          examinations/admissibility-impeachment.

397. Anonymous. (1952). Lie detector vs. civil rights. Senior Scholastic, 59, 5-7.
          Rec#: 3413
          Keywords: law-civil rights.
          Notes: (teacher edition).

398. Anonymous. (1953). Lie detectors and rehabilitation of witnesses. Stanford Law
          Review, 6, 172-177.
          Rec#: 6358
          Keywords: admissibility/applications-witnesses.

399. Anonymous. (1986). Lie detectors can make a liar of you. Discover, 7, 7
          Rec#: 3415
          Keywords: criticism-general.

400. Anonymous. (nd). Lie detectors for employees. Labor and Management,
          Rec#: 3417
          Keywords: theft losses/employee screening/store thefts/labor unions/Deception
          Tests Service Co/applications-commercial/applications-screening.
401. Anonymous. (1988). Lie detectors in the workplace: The need for civil actions against
          employers. Harvard Law Review, 101, 806-825.
          Rec#: 3420
          Keywords: law-labor/law-civil actions/criticism-legal rights/law-wrongful
          discharge.

402. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1980). Lie detectors not used in USSR. Caversham Park,
          Reading, England: British Broadcasting Corporation. - p.
          Rec#: 3422
          Keywords: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics/Russia/criticism-USSR.

403. Anonymous. Anonymous. (nd). Lie Detectors: Your right to refuse. Seattle,
          Washington: American Civil Liberties Union of Washington Foundation.
          Rec#: 9858
          Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/psychological stress
          evaluator/PSE/criticism/voice stress/blood pressure.

404. Anonymous. (1953). Lie gadgets. Scientific American, 188, 46-50.
          Rec#: 3430
          Keywords: polygraph-general/narcoanalysis-criticism.

405. Anonymous. (1975). Lie misdetectors. Human Behavior, 4, 71 &73
          Rec#: 3431
          Keywords: subjects-maturity/subjects-normality.

406. Anonymous. (1988). Lie test ban in assaults. Toronto Sun, -
          Rec#: 3433
          Keywords: applications-sexual assault/Canada.
          Notes: Reprinted in APA Newsletter, 21(4), 21.

407. Anonymous. (1980). Lie test clears arson suspect. Polygraph, 9, 277
          Rec#: 7168
          Keywords: relevant-irrelevant method/investigations-commercial.

408. Anonymous. (1986). Lie test helps clear man in rape. Richmond News Leader, -
          Rec#: 3434
          Keywords: cases-rape-innocent/cases-robbery.
          Notes: Reprinted in APA Newsletter, 19(4), 19.

409. Anonymous. (1989). Life after EPPA: Polygraphers cope with testing limits and learn
          some political lessons. Security Letter, 19, p. 2, Part I, Corrected copy.
          Rec#: 3453
          Keywords: EPPA/screening-commercial.

410. Anonymous. (1985). Limited couterintellignece polygraph program. Congressional
          Record - House, H 5027-H 5034
          Rec#: 5549
          Keywords: counterintelligence/espionage.
411. Anonymous. (1979). Limiting the use of lie detectors. AFL-CIO American
          Federationist, 86, 6-7.
          Rec#: 7150
          Keywords: trustworthiness/legislation/admissibility/anti-polygraph laws.

412. Live radio talk show at WRC in Washington D. C. 82.
            Rec#: 7293
            Keywords: sex offenders/credibility assessment/historical interest
            /reliability/accuracy/autonomic nervous system.

413. Anonymous. (1982). Looking for an honest man: An interview with polygraph expert
          Richard O. Arther. Law Enforcement News, 8, 8-10.
          Rec#: 3519
          Keywords: biographies-Arther, Richard O.

414. Anonymous. (1978). Louisiana may use polygraph evidence in non-jury trials, text of
          opinion. Polygraph, 7, 106-112.
          Rec#: 4170
          Keywords: validity/witnesses/testimony assessment.

415. Anonymous. (1988). The love test. 1988 NAWP Newsletter, 4, 6-7.
          Rec#: 9054
          Keywords: historical interest/Marston, William M.

416. Anonymous. (1988). Lying for a job. Psychology Today, 22, 80
          Rec#: 7041
          Keywords: employment interview/preemployment screening.

417. Anonymous. (1987). Lying in congress. Fortune, 116, 186
          Rec#: 7415
          Keywords: employee screening/stress.

418. Anonymous. (1963). Lying machine. Newsweek, 61, 82-83.
          Rec#: 3536
          Keywords: criticism-general.

419. Anonymous. (1984). Lying to the lie detector. Harper's, 268, 34
          Rec#: 9547
          Keywords: countermeasures.

420. Anonymous. (1974). Man cleared by polygraph after 3 months in jail. APA Newsletter,
          10
          Rec#: 3645
          Keywords: cases-robbery.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 4). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

421. Manual on defeating the polygraph through countermeasures. nd.
            Rec#: 9152
            Keywords: countermeasures/screening-general/preemployment screening.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

422. Anonymous. (1987). Marine Corps Commandant urges exculpatory polygraph tests.
          APA Newsletter, 20, 9
          Rec#: 3679
          Keywords: law-military/applications-military/U.S. Marine Corps.

423. Anonymous. (1987). Marines excluded from polygraph screening. Security Letter,
          17,
           Rec#: 7318
          Keywords: U.S. Marine Corps/espionage/false statements.

424. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1975). Maryland State Police applicant polygraph screening
          technique. Pikesville, MD: Maryland State Police. 11 p.
          Rec#: 3726
          Keywords: screening-police-Maryland/question
          formulation-screening/law-waiver-Maryland.

425. Anonymous. (1995). May a suspected employee refuse a lie-detector test? Corporate
          Security , 21, 9
          Rec#: 9351
          Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act of
          1988/applications-employees/suspect refusal.

426. Anonymous. (1983). Measures urged to stem tide of sensitive data to Soviets. Aviation
          Week, 118, 22-23.
          Rec#: 3838
          Keywords: applications-export controls/applications-national security/technology
          transfer.

427. Anonymous. (1999). Meeting countermeasures head-on: methods to combat a growing
          problem. Polygraph News and Views, 7, 2
          Rec#: 6532
          Keywords: countermeasures.

428. Anonymous. (1931). Methods of scientific crime detection as infringements of personal
          rights. Harvard Law Review, 44, 842-845.
          Rec#: 3864
          Keywords: privacy rights/criminal investigations/truth serum/self-incrimination.

429. Anonymous. (1988). Military newspapers carry questions and answers on polygraph
          evidence. APA Newsletter, 21, 12
          Rec#: 3886
          Keywords: admissibility-military.

430. Anonymous. (1979). Miranda: Custody - Lie detector tests. IACP Law Enforcement
            Legal Review, 9-10.
            Rec#: 3916
            Keywords: law-interrogation-warnings/law-Miranda
            warnings/admissibility-Miranda Warning.

431. Anonymous. (1984). Miranda rights violated - Use of polygraph clause to prove witness
          reliability - Convictions reversed - Oregon. Search and Seizure Bulletin, 3, 7
          Rec#: 3917
          Keywords: admissibility-Miranda Warning/law-Miranda
          warnings/admissibility-Oregon.

432. Anonymous. (1983). Misinformation, implied threats and promises made confession
          inadmissible. Criminal Law Reporter,
          Rec#: 6912
          Keywords: witnesses/confessions-admissibility/deception.

433. Anonymous. (1993). Mississippi Polygraph Examiners Licensing Law. Polygraph ,
          22, 217-226.
          Rec#: 9606
          Keywords: law-licensing-state/Mississippi.

434. Anonymous. (nd). Model 6303 Keeler Polygraph operating instructions. Chicago,
          Illinois: Associated Research, Inc.
          Rec#: 7640
          Keywords: instruments-Associated Research/historical
          interest-instruments/instruments-Keeler/plethysmograph/Associated Research,
          Inc.

435. Anonymous. (nd). Model 6317 Polygraph. Chicago, Illinois: Associated Research,
          Inc.
          Rec#: 7642
          Keywords: instruments-Associated Research/historical
          interest-instruments-Keeler/instruments-Keeler/plethysmograph/Associated
          Research, Inc.

436. Anonymous. (1990). Model guidelines for preemployment integrity testing programs.
          The Association of Personnel Test Publishers.
          Rec#: 9875
          Keywords: integrity tests/screening-preemployment.

437. Anonymous. (2001). Modifications to test techniques: How far can an examiner go
          before dropping off the edge of accepted pratice--who decides and how?
          Polygraph News and Views, 9, 2 & 3
          Rec#: 6874
          Keywords: Department of Defense Polygraph Institute/Backster,
          Cleve/validity-techniques/MGQT/APA/techniques-zone /relevant-irrelevant
          method.
438. Anonymous. (1979). More junk coming onto the market purporting to be "truth
          machines". Security Letter, 9, 2-3.
          Rec#: 3970
          Keywords: instruments-voice analysis/voice stress.

439. Anonymous. (1987). More on the Safire columns. Will biodata replace the polygraph?
          Security Letter, 17,
          Rec#: 7317
          Keywords: preemployment screening/paper and pencil tests.

440. Anonymous. (1989). Mother cleared in infant death by polygraph test. APA
          Newsletter, 22, 20
          Rec#: 4004
          Keywords: cases-homicide.

441. Anonymous. (1984). Mother commits murder, blames it on her 4-year-old daughter.
          APA Newsletter, 17, 9
          Rec#: 4005
          Keywords: cases-homicide.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 9). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

442. Anonymous. (1989). Murder case solved by polygraph. APA Newsletter, 22, 19
          Rec#: 4032
          Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

443. Anonymous. (1989). Murder charge dismissed after polygraph test. APA Newsletter,
          22, 20
          Rec#: 4033
          Keywords: cases-homicide.

444. Anonymous. (1990). Murder charges dropped after polygraph test. APA Newsletter,
          23, 2
          Rec#: 4034
          Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

445. Anonymous. (1985). Murder confession follows test of witness. APA Newsletter, 18,
          21
          Rec#: 4035
          Keywords: cases-homicide.

446. Anonymous. (1981). Murder suspect cleared. APA Newsletter, 14, 1
          Rec#: 4036
          Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Phumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 11-12). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

447. Anonymous. (1985). Murder suspect cleared: Fresno man questioned in double
             homicide. Fresno Bee, -
             Rec#: 4037
             Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.
             Notes: Reprinted in APA Newsletter, 18(3), 25.

448. Anonymous. (2000). Murder suspect trains for polygraph: Countermeasures confirmed
          10 years later..... Polygraph News and Views, 8, 1-2.
          Rec#: 7530
          Keywords: countermeasures/relevant-irrelevant method/respiration.

449. Anonymous. (1977). Murderer confesses during screening test. APA Newsletter, 10
          Rec#: 4038
          Keywords: cases-homicide/screening-admission.

450. Anonymous. (1955). Muss man sich das gefallen lassen? [Do you have to submit to it?].
          Münchener Illustrierte, 16,
          Rec#: 9362
          Keywords: Zimmermann, Hans/Germany.
          Notes: [text in German].
          Abstract: Photo of polygraph in use. The Münchener Illustrierte is a national
          magazine similar to Look. The photograph shows a woman strapped to a chair
          and hooked up to a machine being operated by a man standing over the machine
          and behind the woman. It is a loaded photograph meant to achieve a negative
          reaction from the reader. The lanugae in the blurb is highly charged. Under the
          heading "interrogation" it points out a woman was taken under arrest and
          subjected to the lie detector, implying it is against her will. The blurb call this
          "soul spying" stating it has been used for years in the United States, but can be
          used only under certain circumstances in Germany. The blurb ends with the
          notice that other similar methods, "such as force and hypnosis" are banned.

451. Anonymous. (1975). Must a suspect have freedom of choice in "volunteering" for a lie
          detector test. Protection Management, 3-4.
          Rec#: 4053
          Keywords: law-commercial-screening/law-labor-rights/screening-commercial.

452. Anonymous. (1991). Must An Employee Agree To A Polygraph? Corporate Security,
          8
          Rec#: 9641
          Keywords: employees/legal status/employee dishonesty/self-incrimination.

453. Anonymous. (1984). Must failing a polygraph test cost an employee his job.
          Corporate Security, 11, 8
          Rec#: 4054
          Keywords: screening-commercial/law-labor-rights.

454. Anonymous. (1977). National Academy of Lady Polygraphists founded by Joyce
          Hansen. APA Newsletter, 31
             Rec#: 4080
             Keywords: examiners-women/biographies-Hansen, Joyce.

455. Anonymous. (1984). National security, polygraph, and information protection.
          Security Letter, 14, 1-2, part II.
          Rec#: 4091
          Keywords: screening-government.

456. Anonymous. (1985). Navy wants to polygraph more persons for clearances. APA
          Newsletter, 18, 8
          Rec#: 4093
          Keywords: applications-national security.

457. Anonymous. (1965). Needlepoint justice. Newsweek, 29-30.
          Rec#: 4099
          Keywords: cases-mistaken identity/cases-robbery.

458. Neurolinguistic programming. 88.
            Rec#: 7622
            Keywords: memory-revived emotions/nonverbal communication/eye
            movement/kinesic interview techniques.

459. Anonymous. (1988). New DoD polygraph site. Military Police Professional Bulletin,
          30
          Rec#: 6083
          Keywords: Department of Defense Polygraph Institute/training-Department of
          Defense/historical interest .

460. Anonymous. (1981). The new Lafayette PLE coupler. Polygraph Update, 1, 2
          Rec#: 4109
          Keywords: plethysmograph/plethysmograph.

461. Anonymous. (1974). New Mexico appeals decision. Polygraph, 3, 223-230.
          Rec#: 9505
          Keywords: admissibility-New Mexico.

462. Anonymous. (1990). New polygraph course at Western Oregon State College. APA
          Newsletter, 23, 3
          Rec#: 4114
          Keywords: training.

463. Anonymous. (1976). New report gives high reliability and validity to the polygraph.
          Security Letter, 6, 1-2.
          Rec#: 4116
          Keywords: validity-laboratory/techniques-general.

464. Anonymous. (1982). New rule may ease ban on polygraphs as evidence. Security
          World, 19, 25-26.
             Rec#: 4117
             Keywords: admissibility.

465. Anonymous. (1988). New statute in Iowa - Law notes. Polygraph, 17, 119-120.
          Rec#: 4118
          Keywords: law-limiting-state/Iowa.

466. Anonymous. (1990). New study of validity of real tests to be presented at seminar.
          APA Newsletter, 23, 3
          Rec#: 4119
          Keywords: research-validity.

467. Anonymous. (2002). New style of comparison questions: Are they only weak relevants
          in disguise? Polygraph News and Views, 10, 1 & 3
          Rec#: 3993
          Keywords: comparison question/sex offenders/sex offender testing/relevant
          questions/specific issue test.

468. Anonymous. (1972). New trap for liars. Newsweek, 25, 103
          Rec#: 7246
          Keywords: interrogation/PSE/standards.

469. Anonymous. (1977). New York jewelers say they will move out if polygraph banned.
          APA Newsletter, 2
          Rec#: 4122
          Keywords: screening-commercial-jewelers/legislation-state/New York.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 41-42). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

470. Anonymous. (1978). Nineteen twenty-eight bribery case false, polygraph supports
          ex-police officer. APA Newsletter, 1
          Rec#: 4146
          Keywords: cases-bribery/Ireland/Eire.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 18). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

471. Anonymous. (2002). Nonsymmetrical scoring: Will it be the next change in "standard"
          technique? Polygraph News and Views, 10, 3
          Rec#: 6666
          Keywords: deception/Backster, Cleve/truthfulness/inconclusive results/GSR.

472. Anonymous. (1981). Now is the time for all polygraph examiners to come to the aid of
          their profession! Polygraph Update, 1, 1
          Rec#: 4163
          Keywords: legislation-federal.

473. Anonymous. (1978). Ohio Supreme Court admits stipulated polygraph evidence - Text
          of Opinion - State v. Souel. Polygraph, 7, 141-150.
              Rec#: 4205
              Keywords: admissibility-Ohio/stipulated examinations-Ohio.

474. Anonymous. (1988). Old murder story has odd ending. APA Newsletter, 21, 4-5.
          Rec#: 4216
          Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent/Keeler, Leonarde/cases-perjury.

475. Anonymous. (1965). Operating instructions Model 6308 & 6318 Polygraph. Chicago,
          Illinois: Associated Research, Inc.
          Rec#: 7639
          Keywords: instruments-Associated Research/historical
          interest-instruments/instruments-Keeler/plethysmograph/Associated Research,
          Inc.

476. Anonymous. (1965). Operating instructions Model 6338 Keeler Polygraph. Chicago,
          Illinois: Associated Research, Inc.
          Rec#: 7648
          Keywords: instruments-Associated Research-Model 6348/historical
          interest-instruments/instruments-Keeler/plethysmograph/Associated Research,
          Inc.

477. Order of the Secretary of State of the State of Florida. Before the Secretary of State of the
            Sate of Florida as administrative hearing examiner. @1973.
            Rec#: 7625
            Keywords: Florida/PSE/detection of deception/physiological responses/credibility
            assessment.
            Notes: Public hearings Department of State, State of Florida, Psychological Stress
            Evaluator.

478. Anonymous. (1988). Oregon judge orders polygraph test before sentencing. APA
          Newsletter, 21, 5-6.
          Rec#: 4232
          Keywords: law-sentencing-Oregon.

479. Anonymous. (1977). Oregon polygraph licensing regulations. Polygraph, 6, 78-86.
          Rec#: 4233
          Keywords: licensing-Oregon/law-regulations/Oregon.

480. Anonymous. (1986). OTA calls meeting of experts and others, nothing achieved. APA
          Newsletter, 19, 26
          Rec#: 4245
          Keywords: Office of Technology Assessment/Department of Defense Research
          Program.

481. Anonymous. (1975). Outlawing lie detector tests for private jobs? Nation's Business,
          23
          Rec#: 4251
          Keywords: legislation-federal-screening/screening-commercial.
482. Anonymous. (1979). An outline: psychological sources for pre-employment screening
          [Part 2]. Security Letter, 9, 1-2.
          Rec#: 4252
          Keywords: screening-general.

483. Anonymous. (2002). Outside issue means wrong results: Study shows symptomatics
          not helpful. Polygraph News and Views, 10, 1 &2
          Rec#: 7715
          Keywords: mock screening/inconclusive results.

484. Anonymous. (1982). Owners of Telstar Voice Analyzer Company charged with fraud.
          APA Newsletter, 15, 34
          Rec#: 4254
          Keywords: voice stress analysis-fraud-Telstar.

485. Anonymous. (1987). Paper and pencil employment screening tests: No legal barriers to
          use in 48 states. Security Letter, 17,
          Rec#: 7320
          Keywords: paper and pencil tests/employee screening/preemployment
          screening/legal issues.

486. Anonymous. (1989). Paper and pencil integrity tests fill growing want, but secrutiny
          needed. Security Letter, XIX,
          Rec#: 6914
          Keywords: paper and pencil tests/integrity tests/reliability/validity/MMPI.

487. Anonymous. (1979). Paper and pencil "truth verification test" finding acceptance in
          pre-employment screening. Security Letter, 9, Part 1, 1-2.
          Rec#: 4263
          Keywords: paper and pencil tests/screening-general.

488. Anonymous. (1982). Pentagon polygraph tests. Congressional Record, S 14727-8.
          Rec#: 131
          Keywords: constitutional rights/employee screening/reliability/psychological
          responses/criticism.

489. Anonymous. People of the State of California vs Angel Albert Cardona. ed.
          Rec#: 6985
          Keywords: charts/control questions.
          Notes: Superior court of the State of California, County of Ventura.

490. Anonymous. (1976). People of the State of New York v. Edward Carter White,
          defendant. Polygraph, 5, 266-268.
          Rec#: 4319
          Keywords: admissibility-New York/courtroom testimony.

491. Phase II evaluation of computer assisted polygraph: A pilot study. nd.
            Rec#: 9887
             Keywords: CAPS/computer assisted polygraph/CIA.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

492. Phil Donahue Show transcript. 80.
            Rec#: 9035
            Keywords: criticism/countermeasures/Lykken, David T.

493. Physical aspects of a polygraph examination. nd.
            Rec#: 8978
            Keywords: polygraph-general-methods.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

494. Anonymous. (1975). Physiology as applied to polygraphy. Progressive Polygraph
          Studies, 1, 2-7.
          Rec#: 7337
          Keywords: intelligence/pretest interview/physiological responses/physiology.

495. Pilot studies of the PSE-1. 72.
             Rec#: 9888
             Keywords: psychological stress evaluator/voice stress analysis/PSE.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

496. Anonymous. (1976). Piloting Patty's Defense. Time, 46-51.
          Rec#: 5665
          Keywords: Hearst, Patty/courtroom testimony-Canada/Bailey, F. Lee.

497. Pinter v. State. (1948). S. Ct., Miss 1948. 34 So. 2d 723. Anonymous.
             Rec#: 5685
             Keywords: admissibilty-Mississippi/confessions.
             Notes: Also see P 5204.

498. Anonymous. (1980). Plethysmo - What? Polygraph Update, 1, 2-4.
          Rec#: 4367
          Keywords: plethysmograph/test data analysis-plethysmograph.

499. Anonymous. (1978). The Pneumograph attachment. Polygraph Instrumentation
          Bulletin 101,
          Rec#: 4370
          Keywords: pneumograph/instrumentation-pneumo.
          Notes: Chicago, Stoelting Co.

500. Anonymous. (1989). Polygraph admissibility in court gaining ground as FL case rejects
          exclusionary rule. Security Letter, 19,
          Rec#: 7297
          Keywords: admissibility/exculpatory tests/standards/Frye
          case/examiners-training.

501. Anonymous. (1973). Polygraph admitted in Miami. APA Newsletter, 9
            Rec#: 4397
            Keywords: admissibility-Florida/cases-sniper.
            Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
            (p. 3). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

502. Anonymous. (1982). Polygraph aids in conviction in unusual murder case in Utah.
          APA Newsletter, 15, 16
          Rec#: 4398
          Keywords: cases-homicide.

503. Anonymous. (1979). The Polygraph: Another report supports its reliability. Security
          Letter, 9, Part 1, 4.
          Rec#: 4403
          Keywords: validity.

504. Anonymous. (1987). The polygraph: Another year of attacks begins. The Moscow
          embassy case. Security Letter, 17,
          Rec#: 7319
          Keywords: Soviet Union/employee screening/labor relations.

505. Anonymous. (1970). The polygraph as a truth detector. The Office, 39-41.
          Rec#: 4405
          Keywords: screening-commercial.

506. Anonymous. (1975). The Polygraph as used today: Some questions and answers.
          Security Letter, 5, 1-4.
          Rec#: 4407
          Keywords: polygraph-general.

507. Anonymous. (1980). Polygraph bears up facts in grizzly death. APA Newsletter, 13, 4
          Rec#: 4411
          Keywords: cases-hunting violation-innocent.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 53). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

508. Anonymous. (1981). Polygraph - Bibliography. Quantico, VA: Federal Bureau of
          Investigation Academy Library .
          Rec#: 4412
          Keywords: bibliographies.
          Notes: 11 p.

509. Polygraph bibliography - General. nd.
            Rec#: 8804
            Keywords: bibliographies.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

510. Anonymous. (1971). Polygraph breakthrough. Security World, 21
          Rec#: 7534
             Keywords: cases-burglary/reliability/evidence.

511. Anonymous. (1978). Polygraph can be valid in 95% of all criminal investigations, says
          researcher. Security Letter, 8, 1
          Rec#: 4414
          Keywords: validity.

512. Anonymous. (1975). Polygraph challenged in dismissal of police officers. Polygraph,
          4, 175-179.
          Rec#: 4415
          Keywords: law-labor-police/cases-internal investigations.

513. Anonymous. (1975). Polygraph clears bank employee. APA Newsletter, 5
          Rec#: 4416
          Keywords: cases-forgery.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 15). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

514. Anonymous. (1981). Polygraph clears clerk in robbery case. APA Newsletter, 14, 7
          Rec#: 4417
          Keywords: cases-robbery.

515. Anonymous. (1981). Polygraph clears man accused of killing a police officer. APA
          Newsletter, 14, 7
          Rec#: 4420
          Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

516. Anonymous. (1977). Polygraph clears man of rape accusation, charges dropped. APA
          Newsletter, 1
          Rec#: 4419
          Keywords: cases-rape-innocent.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 5). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

517. Anonymous. (1982). Polygraph clears man of sexual assault charge. APA Newsletter,
          15, 33
          Rec#: 4421
          Keywords: cases-sexual assault/Denver Police Department.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 20-21). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

518. Anonymous. (1972). Polygraph clears man who served two years. APA Newsletter, 1
          Rec#: 4418
          Keywords: cases-rape-statutory.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 9). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

519. Anonymous. (1986). Polygraph clears Marine of forgery charge. APA Newsletter, 19,
            3
            Rec#: 4422
            Keywords: cases-forgery.

520. Anonymous. (1976). Polygraph clears retarded deaf mute. APA Newsletter, 5
          Rec#: 4423
          Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent/subjects-retardates/subjects-deaf mute.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 15). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

521. Anonymous. (1981). Polygraph clears robbery suspect in two cases. APA Newsletter,
          14, 5
          Rec#: 4424
          Keywords: cases-robbery.

522. Anonymous. (1980). Polygraph clears suspect in murder case. APA Newsletter, 13, 2
          Rec#: 4425
          Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

523. Anonymous. (1989). Polygraph curbs implemented. Corporate Security Digest, 3,
          Rec#: 7577
          Keywords: American Civil Liberties Union/preemployment screening.

524. Anonymous. (1978). Polygraph cuts jewel thefts from 6% to less than 1/2%. APA
          Newsletter, 11, 1
          Rec#: 4427
          Keywords: screening-commercial-jewelers/surveys-commercial-losses.

525. Anonymous. (1988). Polygraph debate continues in Congress. Security pulse,
          Rec#: 7486
          Keywords: private industry/theft-employees/validity.

526. Anonymous. (1975). Polygraph destroys alibi - Murderer confesses. APA Newsletter, 8
          Rec#: 4428
          Keywords: cases-murder.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 35). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

527. Anonymous. (1985). Polygraph evidence admitted - Defendant acquitted. APA
          Newsletter, 18, 20
          Rec#: 4434
          Keywords: admissibility/cases-robbery.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 7). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

528. Anonymous. (1975). Polygraph evidence admitted in Buffalo, NY. APA Newsletter,
          5-7.
          Rec#: 4431
             Keywords: admissibility-New York.

529. Anonymous. (1988). Polygraph evidence gets conviction reversed. APA Newsletter,
          21, 7-8.
          Rec#: 4436
          Keywords: cases-drunk driving/cases-identity error.

530. Anonymous. (1985). Polygraph evidence ruled admissible over objection. APA
          Newsletter, 18, 20
          Rec#: 4441
          Keywords: cases-sexual assault/admissibility-Alaska.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 7-8). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

531. Anonymous. (1979). Polygraph examination aids in the release of innocent man. APA
          Newsletter, 12, 1
          Rec#: 4449
          Keywords: law-court ordered tests/Texas/cases-rape-innocent.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 17). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

532. Anonymous. (1977). Polygraph examination frees man from prison term. APA
          Newsletter, 1
          Rec#: 4447
          Keywords: cases-arson/stipulated examinations-Massachusetts.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 17). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

533. Anonymous. (1981). Polygraph examination shows suspect in shooting was innocent.
          APA Newsletter, 14, 7
          Rec#: 4450
          Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

534. Polygraph examination: Student manual. 90.
            Rec#: 6896
            Keywords: polygraph general/training/control questions.

535. Anonymous. (1986). Polygraph examinations are reliable, proven loss control aids, says
          practitioner. Security Letter, 16, 3
          Rec#: 4454
          Keywords: screening-commercial-theft.

536. Anonymous. (1974). Polygraph examinations free robbery suspect. APA Newsletter, 8
          Rec#: 4445
          Keywords: cases-robbery.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 5). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.
537. Anonymous. (1983). Polygraph examinations saves meat packer from financial ruin.
          APA Newsletter, 16, 14
          Rec#: 4451
          Keywords: screening-commercial-Michigan/cases-food contamination/Hygrade
          Food Products-Ball Park Franks.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 42-43). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

538. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1995). Richmond, VA: Title 54.1, chapter 18.
          Rec#: 7015
          Keywords: examiner-standards/regulations/Virginia/law-licensing-state.

539. Anonymous. (1983). Polygraph foes find new ammunition in release of Congressional
          Research Memorandum. Security Letter, 13, 1, part I.
          Rec#: 4460
          Keywords: screening-federal/screening-Great Britain/Great Britain.

540. Anonymous. (1976). Polygraph frees man in New York City arson case. APA
          Newsletter, 17
          Rec#: 4462
          Keywords: cases-arson.

541. Anonymous. (1965). Polygraph hearing testimony published. The Police Chief, 32,
          41
          Rec#: 6829
          Keywords: congressional hearings/testimony.
          Abstract: 2 paragraphs discuss the availability of the results of hearings conducted
          by the Foreign Operations and Govenment Information Subcommittee of the US
          Congress.

542. Anonymous. (1980). Polygraph helps clear man in mistaken identity arrests. APA
          Newsletter, 13, 1-2.
          Rec#: 4465
          Keywords: cases-child sexual abuse.

543. Anonymous. (1979). Polygraph helps escaped convict prove his innocence. APA
          Newsletter, 14
          Rec#: 4466
          Keywords: cases-robbery/cases-escape.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 19). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

544. Anonymous. (1982). Polygraph helps free innocent man. APA Newsletter, 15, 4
          Rec#: 4467
          Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent/Delaware .
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 27). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.
545. Anonymous. (1979). The Polygraph in criminal Investigations. The Polygraph in
          criminal investigations [training key #286], 6 pp.
          Rec#: 4468
          Keywords: criminal investigations.
          Notes: International Association of Chiefs of Police, Gaithersburg, MD.

546. Anonymous. (1991). Polygraph in law enforcement: Quality control for the future.
          Polygraph Update, 7,
          Rec#: 6533
          Keywords: quality control/polygraph/lafayette instrument company.

547. Anonymous. (1983). Polygraph industry seems pleased with F. Lee Bailey TV series
          "Lie Detector". Security Letter, 13, 1-2.
          Rec#: 4472
          Keywords: public relations-television/Bailey, F. Lee.

548. Anonymous. (1981). Polygraph instrumental in freeing man jailed for murder. APA
          Newsletter, 14, 13
          Rec#: 4473
          Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

549. Anonymous. (1986). Polygraph irony. UFCW Action, 17
          Rec#: 7127
          Keywords: polygraph general.

550. Anonymous. (1996). Polygraph: Issues and answers. Polygraph , 25, 134-146.
          Rec#: 5097
          Keywords: Employee-Screening/criminal investigations.

551. Polygraph (KT-1) operations manual. 79.
            Rec#: 4477
            Keywords: instruments-Japanese/Japan.
            Notes: Takei & Company, Ltd., Tokyo, Japan. [text in English, illustrations,
            diagrams].

552. Anonymous. (1986). Polygraph-limiting federal bill appears dead for this year.
          Security Letter, 16,
          Rec#: 7314
          Keywords: legislation-federal.

553. Anonymous. (1977). Polygraph operator - Qualifications. Criminal Law Bulletin, 13,
          232-233.
          Rec#: 4480
          Keywords: examiners-qualifications/courtroom testimony.

554. Anonymous. (1981). Polygraph played a role in freeing condemned but innocent
          prisoner. APA Newsletter, 14, 13
          Rec#: 4483
             Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

555. Anonymous. (1988). The polygraph principle has not lost its importance. Corporate
          security,
          Rec#: 7483
          Keywords: Los Angeles/lying/preemployment screening/standards.

556. Anonymous. (1989). Polygraph professionals: the fight has just begun. Corporate
          Security Digest, 3,
          Rec#: 7576
          Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act.

557. Anonymous. Anonymous. Royal Canadian Mounted Police. (1977).
          Rec#: 7608
          Keywords: Royal Canadian Mounted Police/training-Canada/RCMP report.

558. Anonymous. Anonymous. Royal Canadian Mounted Police. (1979).
          Rec#: 7609
          Keywords: training-Canada/Royal Canadian Mounted Police/RCMP report.

559. Anonymous. Anonymous. Royal Canadian Mounted Police. (1980).
          Rec#: 7610
          Keywords: training-Canada/Royal Canadian Mounted Police/RCMP report.

560. Anonymous. Anonymous. Royal Canadian Mounted Police. (1981).
          Rec#: 7612
          Keywords: training-Canada/Royal Canadian Mounted Police/RCMP report.

561. Anonymous. (1991). Polygraph protection act of 1988 (EPPA): Final rules.
          Polygraph, 20, 115-143.
          Rec#: 8032
          Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection
          Act/legislation-federal-screening-commercial.
          Abstract: Individual sections define the terms used and explain the exclusion for
          public-sector employees and the exemptions from the law for national security
          and defense; employers conducting investigations of economic loss or injury;
          security firms; and employers authorized to manufacture, distribute, or dispense
          controlled substnces. The rights of employees receiving polygraph tests under
          these exemptions are also detailed. Further sections cover recordkeeping,
          disclosure, enforcement, and administrative proceedings to be used in cases of
          alleged violations of the law and regulations.

562. Anonymous. (1988). Polygraph protection act regulations. Personnel Journal,
          December, 23
          Rec#: 6367
          Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/regulations/voice stress
          analyzer/psychological stress evaluator.
563. Anonymous. (2002). Polygraph raises alarm on bad drug arrests. Polygraph News and
          Views, 10, 3
          Rec#: 4887
          Keywords: drug use.

564. Anonymous. (1984). Polygraph refutes claim of assault and rape. APA Newsletter,
          17, 29
          Rec#: 4491
          Keywords: cases-rape-innocent.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 12). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.
          Abstract: Alexandria Police Department, Alexandria Correctional Center.

565. Anonymous. (1998). Polygraph rekindles interest in Texas child murders; father fails
          test- tries to call off wealthy "benefactor". Polygraph News and Views, 4
          Rec#: 7326
          Keywords: cases-murder/deception.

566. Anonymous. (1988). Polygraph research in Canada - A bibliography. Polygraph, 17,
          37
          Rec#: 4492
          Keywords:
          bibliographies-Canada/bibliographies-research/research-Canada/Canada.

567. Anonymous. (1980). Polygraph results banned. Law Enforcement News, 7,
          Rec#: 6347
          Keywords: admissibility-Colorado/courtroom testimony-expert
          witness/reliability/examiners-standards.

568. Anonymous. (1981). Polygraph results correct, but ignored in rape case. APA
          Newsletter, 14, 7-8.
          Rec#: 4493
          Keywords: cases-rape.

569. Anonymous. (1985). Polygraph results refute handwriting experts report. APA
          Newsletter, 18, 18
          Rec#: 4495
          Keywords: cases-forgery/Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Office of Inspector
          General.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 7). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

570. Anonymous. (1990). Polygraph ruled admissible. Polygraph Update, 1,
          Rec#: 72
          Keywords: admissibility/evidence.

571. Anonymous. (1979). Polygraph saves a young man from a murder charge. APA
          Newsletter, 12, 1
            Rec#: 4498
            Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

572. Anonymous. (1979). Polygraph saves advertising executive. APA Newsletter, 12,
          11-12.
          Rec#: 4499
          Keywords: cases-checks-innocent.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 44). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

573. Anonymous. (1982). Polygraph saves Coast Guard Petty Officer from rape charge.
          APA Newsletter, 15, 15
          Rec#: 4500
          Keywords: cases-rape-innocent/U.S. Coast Guard.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 21). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

574. Anonymous. (1982). Polygraph saves innocent person from PSE error. APA
          Newsletter, 15, 17
          Rec#: 4501
          Keywords: cases-arson/voice stress analysis/PSE.

575. Anonymous. (1982). Polygraph saves jailer from false accusation by inmate. APA
          Newsletter, 15, 32
          Rec#: 4502
          Keywords: cases-weapons charge-innocent.

576. Anonymous. (1980). Polygraph saves man from rape charges. APA Newsletter, 13, 2
          Rec#: 4503
          Keywords: cases-rape-innocent/Wisconsin Crime Laboratory.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 11). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

577. Anonymous. (1980). Polygraph subject of Labor Department hearings. APA
          Newsletter, 13, 1-13.
          Rec#: 4508
          Keywords: legislation-federal-screening/screening-commercial/American
          Polygraph Association/AFL-CIO.
          Notes: Statements of J. Kirk Barefoot for the APA; Michael Tines and Peter
          Allstrom for the AFL-CIO; Statement excerpts of James W. Webb for AFL-CIO.

578. Anonymous. (1981). Polygraph supports inmate's testimony. APA Newsletter, 14, 13
          Rec#: 4510
          Keywords: cases-narcotics.

579. Anonymous. (1989). Polygraph supports kickback story. APA Newsletter, 22, 19
          Rec#: 4511
          Keywords: cases-kickback.
580. Anonymous. (1985). Polygraph surveillance: Forging new and exciting frontiers.
          Polygraph Update, 5, 1-2.
          Rec#: 4512
          Keywords: applications-probation/probation.

581. Anonymous. (2001). The polygraph test.      Popular Science, 258, 85
          Rec#: 7446
          Keywords: polygraph-general.

582. Anonymous. (1990). Polygraph test and new evidence suggests false conviction in
          murder case. APA Newsletter, 23, 2
          Rec#: 4514
          Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

583. Anonymous. (1990). Polygraph test creates the necessary reasonable doubt. APA
          Newsletter, 23, 11
          Rec#: 4516
          Keywords: cases-shootout.

584. Anonymous. (1977). Polygraph test okay, DEA tells NACDS. APA Newsletter, 3, 3
          Rec#: 4519
          Keywords: screening-commercial-pharmacies/Drug Enforcement Administration.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 42). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

585. Anonymous. (1982). Polygraph test results more accurate than infallible electronics.
          APA Newsletter, 15, 16
          Rec#: 4520
          Keywords: cases-speeding-railroad engineer/cases-railroad safety.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 44-45). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

586. Anonymous. (1990). Polygraph test results shift blame in drug case. APA Newsletter,
          23, 3
          Rec#: 4522
          Keywords: cases-drugs.

587. Anonymous. (1983). Polygraph test saves innocent man from rape charge. APA
          Newsletter, 16, 14
          Rec#: 4523
          Keywords: cases-rape-innocent.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 22). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

588. Anonymous. (1982). Polygraph test solves missing person case in Canada. APA
          Newsletter, 15, 22
          Rec#: 4524
          Keywords: cases-homicide/Canada.
589. Anonymous. (1982). Polygraph tests for J.C. Penney Company confirmed 12 years
          later. APA Newsletter, 15, 16
          Rec#: 4530
          Keywords: cases-bank robbery/J.C. Penney Company/cases-theft/National Bank
          and Trust Company, Michigan.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 42). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

590. Anonymous. (1985). Polygraph tests: Lie detector or truth distorter? Personnel
          Journal, June, 33
          Rec#: 6349
          Keywords: preemployment screening/reliability/legislation-limiting.

591. Anonymous. (1986). Polygraph: The "other" APA passes resolution. Calls polygraph a
          psychological test. Security Letter, 16, 3-4.
          Rec#: 4533
          Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial/American Psychological Association.

592. Polygraph training information. nd.
            Rec#: 8980
            Keywords: blood pressure/pneumo/electrodermal/tremor.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

593. Polygraph training information. nd.
            Rec#: 8981
            Keywords: subjects-intelligence.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

594. Anonymous. (1984). Polygraph under attack in new study but DoD supports value of
          government testing. Security letter, 14, 2-3, part I.
          Rec#: 4534
          Keywords: OTA report/applications-national security/Department of Defense.

595. Polygraph usage in the U.S. Air Force. 83.
            Rec#: 5812
            Keywords: counterintelligence/reexaminations/regulations/relevant-irrelevant
            method/polygraph-general-military/validity.

596. Anonymous. (1985). Polygraph use by federal government to rise from Walker spy
          case. Security Letter, 15, 1-2.
          Rec#: 4535
          Keywords: screening-government/applications-counterintelligence.

597. Anonymous. (1985). Polygraph use continues strong in government - While civilian use
          comes down under court pressure. Security Letter, 15,
          Rec#: 4536
          Keywords: screening-government/screening-commercial.
598. Anonymous. (1984). Polygraph use for employment screening questioned at major
          science meeting. Security Letter, 14, 1-2, part II.
          Rec#: 4539
          Keywords: screening-commercial/validity/techniques-guilty knowledge.

599. Anonymous. (1976). Polygraph use in chain pharmacies. Journal of the American
          Pharmaceutical Association, 16, 182, 224.
          Rec#: 4540
          Keywords:
          screening-commercial-pharmacies/applications-pharmacies/surveys-pharmacies.

600. Anonymous. (1976). Polygraph used by judge to get shoplifters to repay all thefts.
          APA Newsletter, 9-10.
          Rec#: 4543
          Keywords: probation/cases-shoplifting/Spokane Chamber of Commerce/Spokane
          County District Court.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 60-62). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

601. Anonymous. (1979). Polygraph used in bank embezzlement in Hong Kong. APA
          Newsletter, 12, 1-2.
          Rec#: 4544
          Keywords: cases-embezzlement-Hong
          Kong/screening-commercial-banking/Hong Kong.

602. Anonymous. (1989). Polygraph used in espionage investigation. APA Newsletter, 22,
          20-21.
          Rec#: 4545
          Keywords: cases-espionage.

603. Anonymous. (1978). Polygraph users preparing to fight possible legislative prohibitions.
          Security Letter, 8, 1
          Rec#: 4547
          Keywords: legislation.

604. Anonymous. (1987). Polygraph validity found inconclusive. Security, 24, 10
          Rec#: 4548
          Keywords: validity.

605. Anonymous. (1980). Polygraph wins dismissal for convicted felon. APA Newsletter,
          13, 26
          Rec#: 4551
          Keywords: cases-felon-released.

606. Anonymous. (1986). Polygraph workshop.        Polygraph Update, 6, 4-5.
          Rec#: 4553
          Keywords: instruments-repair-vents.
607. Anonymous. (1991). Polygraphers help fish for truth in bass catching contest--keeping
          tails honest. Security Letter, 21, 2
          Rec#: 9644
          Keywords: applications-fishing tournaments.

608. Anonymous. (1989). Polygraphers losing their businesses as the result of new national
          law. Corporate Security Digest, 3,
          Rec#: 7578
          Keywords: psychological testing/preemployment screening.

609. Anonymous. (1980). Polygraphing toll collectors increases revenues dramatically.
          APA Newsletter, 13, 2
          Rec#: 4557
          Keywords: screening-toll collectors/applications-toll collectors/utility.

610. Anonymous. (1979). Polygraphing "victim" of rape saves teenager from trial. APA
          Newsletter, 16
          Rec#: 4558
          Keywords: cases-rape-innocent/Miami Police Department/subjects-juveniles.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 10). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

611. Anonymous. (1989). Polygraphists still fighting ban. Poor options for polygraph exams
          in investigations. Security Letter, 19,
          Rec#: 7298
          Keywords: APA/polygraph-profession/EPPA.

612. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1997). Polygraphs: In general polygraph examination, lie
          detector examination, employee polygraph protection acto of 1988, polygraphs as
          investigative tool.
          Rec#: 6946
          Keywords: physiological responses/PSE.

613. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1997). Polygraphs: Technique, polygraphs, lie detector,
          polygraph examination, deception.
          Rec#: 6948
          Keywords: polygraph techniques/deception/blood pressure/pretest interview.

614. Anonymous. (1999). Poppy seeds: An old excuse gians support. Polygraph News and
          Views, 7, 1
          Rec#: 7555
          Keywords: drug use.

615. Anonymous. (1990). Post-trial polygraph test offered by Pennsylvania judge. APA
          Newsletter, 23, 18
          Rec#: 4592
          Keywords: admissibility-post trial/Pennsylvania/pre-sentencing test.
616. Anonymous. (1976). Postmaster General's letter to Bella S. Abzug. APA Newsletter, 6
          Rec#: 4589
          Keywords: legislation-federal/applications-postal/examiners-Postal Inspection
          Service/Postal Inspection Service.

617. Pre-employment Lie Detector Test. Quantico, Virginia. 87.
           Rec#: 7637
           Keywords: employee screening/pretest interview/post test.
           Notes: Handout at the Federal Interagency Polgraph Seminar, Quantico, Virginia,
           June 1987.

618. Anonymous. (1988). Pre-employment polygraph test solves murder. APA Newsletter,
          21, 11
          Rec#: 4602
          Keywords: cases-homicide/screening-commercial/preemployment screening.

619. Anonymous. (1987). Pre-employment screening: Coors replaces polygraph with a
          battery of tests. Security Letter, 17, Part I
          Rec#: 4603
          Keywords: screening-commercial-discontinued/screening-commercial/Coors
          Industries.

620. Anonymous. (1988). Pre-employment screening: Polygraph apparently out as
          committee agrees on measures. Security Letter, 18, part I
          Rec#: 4604
          Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial.

621. Anonymous. (1986). Pre-employment tests disclose high percentage of drug use. APA
          Newsletter, 19, 10
          Rec#: 4605
          Keywords: surveys-drug use/screening-commercial-drug use.

622. Pre-test interview of "Red" Blake in the murder during the course of a robbery of John
            Jones at First and Main Streets. nd.
            Rec#: 8984
            Keywords: Reid, John E./pretest interview.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

623. Anonymous. (1995). Preserving testability in maintenance exams. Polygraph News
          and Views, 3, 1-2.
          Rec#: 7597
          Keywords: probation/sex offenders.

624. Anonymous. (1982). President Kennedy secretly taped conversation about polygraph
          use. APA Newsletter, 15, 10
          Rec#: 4610
          Keywords: applications-national security/quotations/Kennedy, John F.
625. Anonymous. (1983). President orders tighter handling of government classified data.
          Security Letter, 13, Part I
          Rec#: 4612
          Keywords: screening-government/applications-national security.

626. Anonymous. (1985). President orders wider use of the polygraph in counterintelligence
          matters. APA Newsletter, 18, 9
          Rec#: 4613
          Keywords: applications-counterintelligence/screening-government.

627. Anonymous. (1982). President Reagan's remarks on leaks and lie detectors. APA
          Newsletter, 15, 8-9.
          Rec#: 4616
          Keywords: cases-national
          security/screening-government/quotations/applications-national security.

628. Anonymous. (1983). President Reagan sends greetings to APA Seminar. APA
          Newsletter, 16, 1
          Rec#: 4614
          Keywords: American Polygraph
          Association/training-seminars/quotations/research-encouraged.

629. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1983 Mar 11). National Security Decision Directive No. 84,
          Rec#: 5014
          Keywords: applications-national security/National Security Decision Directive
          84/screening-government/regulations-NSDD 84.

630. Anonymous. (1976). Press release by Representative Bella S. Abzug, April 18, 1976.
          APA Newsletter, 8
          Rec#: 4619
          Keywords: criticism-general/Abzug, Bella S.

631. Anonymous. (2000). Pretest techniques for sex issues: Adapting from interrogation
          methods. Polygraph News and Views, 8, 1 & 4
          Rec#: 7687
          Keywords: pretest interview/sex offenders/interrogation.

632. Anonymous. (1990). Proposed federal law on clearances would increase testing. APA
          Newsletter, 23, 4
          Rec#: 4643
          Keywords:
          legislation-clearances/law-counterintelligence/applications-counterintelligence.

633. Anonymous. (1986). Proposed model federal policy for protection of human subjects.
          Federal Register, 51, 20204-20216.
          Rec#: 9164
          Keywords: policy-federal-human use.
634. Anonymous. (2002). Prosecutors want exams on undisclosed victims before conviction,
          not the usual full disclosure. Polygraph News and Views, 10, 2 & 4
           Rec#: 2066
          Keywords: sex offenders/pretest interview/post conviction sex offender testing.

635. Anonymous. (1975). The PSE could prove your innocence. Saturday Evening Post,
          38-45.
          Rec#: 4651
          Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE/cases-homicide.

636. Anonymous. (1981). Psychological Stress Evaluator (PSE) comes under heavy stress at
          Carnahan by researchers. Security Letter, 11, 4
          Rec#: 4656
          Keywords: validity-voice stress/PSE/voice stress analysis-PSE.

637. The psychological stress evaluator (PSE) in psychiatry and research. nd.
            Rec#: 9898
            Keywords: psychological stress evaluator/PSE/voice stress analysis.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

638. Anonymous. (1975). Psychologists hear about polygraph at annual convention.
          Security Letter, 5, 3-4.
          Rec#: 4660
          Keywords: public relations/American Psychological Association.

639. Anonymous. (1993). Psychologists Validate The Use Of Integrity Tests. Corporate
          Security , 19, 1-2.
          Rec#: 9613
          Keywords: integrity tests/psychological testing.

640. Qualifying as an expert witness. 90.
            Rec#: 3829
            Keywords: background investigations/witnesses.

641. Anonymous. (1998). Question templates with axciton- a means to conrol the numbr of
          files. Polygraph News and Views, 6, 4
          Rec#: 7589
          Keywords: Axciton/control question tests.

642. Anonymous. (1987). Questions and answers. The Investigator, 3, 1-3.
          Rec#: 892
          Keywords: interrogation-defense mechanisms.

643. Anonymous. (1988). Questions and answers. The Investigator, 4, 1
          Rec#: 896
          Keywords: pretest interview-preparation.

644. Anonymous. (1993). The Quiz Query. Security Management , 37, 11, 13.
             Rec#: 9576
             Keywords: screening-employment/psychological testing/drug use.

645. Anonymous. (2000). Ramsey relevant questions released to media. Polygraph News
          and Views, 8, 2
          Rec#: 7689
          Keywords: validity/Ramseys/relevant questions.

646. Anonymous. (1981). Rape charges dropped following polygraph tests. APA
          Newsletter, 14, 10
          Rec#: 4702
          Keywords: cases-rape-innocent.

647. Anonymous. (1987). Rape suspect cleared by polygraph - Victim lied. APA
          Newsletter, 20, 15
          Rec#: 4705
          Keywords: cases-rape-false.

648. Anonymous. (1979). Rape victim is truthful but bitter. APA Newsletter, 12, 15
          Rec#: 4706
          Keywords: cases-rape.

649. Anonymous. (1981). Reagan administration testing wider use of polygraph examination.
          Security Letter, 11, 2-3.
          Rec#: 4755
          Keywords: screening-government/applications-counterintelligence.

650. Anonymous. (1992). Recent developments concerning employees and lie detectors tests.
          The Louisiana Retailer,
          Rec#: 7093
          Keywords: Employee Polygraph protection
          act/applications-business-theft/regulations.

651. Recommended guidelines for clinical polygraph examination of sex offenders. 95.
          Rec#: 6536
          Keywords: polygraph/applications-sex offenders.
          Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

652. Anonymous. (1994). Redefining security, a report to the Secretary of Defense and the
          Director of Central Intelligence. Polygraph , 23, 1
          Rec#: 2864
          Keywords: Department of Defense/CIA/Central Intelligence
          Agency/Reports/security programs.

653. References for electro-dermal. nd.
            Rec#: 8951
            Keywords: electrodermal/bibliographies.
            Notes: C.H. Stoelting Company.
654. References for lie detector . 61.
            Rec#: 8952
            Keywords: bibliographies.
            Notes: C.H. Stoelting Company.

655. Anonymous. (1998). Refusal to answer "other" questions: dealing with the difficult
          examinee. Polygraph News and Views, 6, 1-2.
          Rec#: 7593
          Keywords: control questions.

656. Anonymous. (1980). Reid survey. APA Newsletter, 13, 5
          Rec#: 4814
          Keywords: Reid survey/paper and pencil tests/screening-commercial.

657. Anonymous. (2000). Relationship tests as entertainment: Daytime TV causes increase
          in inquiries...... Polygraph News and Views, 8, 1
          Rec#: 5769
          Keywords: APA/TV program.

658. Anonymous. (2000). Repeat of disclosure contradicts examiner's own previous results.
          Polygraph News and Views, 8, 3
          Rec#: 7690
          Keywords: deception/sex offenders.

659. Anonymous. (1980). Report of the Department of Commerce on the feasibility and
          desirability of licensure of audio stress examiners to the Governor and the General
          Assembly of Virginia. Polygraph, 9, 251-271.
          Rec#: 4832
          Keywords: validity-voice stress/licensing-Virginia/research-validity-voice
          stress/Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Commerce.

660. Anonymous. Anonymous. Chevy Chase, Maryland. (1951). ORO-S-85,
          Rec#: 7710
          Keywords: historical interest /sphygmomanometer/blood
          pressure/pneumograph/Berkeley polygraph/Keeler polygraph/Korea.
          Notes: DTIC AD Number B222624.

661. Anonymous. (2000). Report writing: Not just what is said, but how. Polygraph News
          and Views, 8, 3
          Rec#: 7692
          Keywords: physiological responses/deception/lying.

662. Anonymous. (1996). Research and the Reid control question test: A bibliography.
          Polygraph, 25, 246-247.
          Rec#: 7229
          Keywords: bibliographies/control question tests.

663. Anonymous. (2000). Research concludes that bars are unnecessary in comparison
             questions. Polygraph News and Views, 8, 2 & 4
             Rec#: 5781
             Keywords: comparison question.

664. Anonymous. (1983). Research continues to reveal the significance of the electrodermal
          response. Polygraph Update, 3, 1-2.
          Rec#: 4841
          Keywords:
          research-electrodermal/electrodermal/validity-electrodermal-laboratory.

665. Research methodology. nd.
            Rec#: 9661
            Keywords: CAPS/computer assisted polygraph /CIA.

666. Anonymous. (1980). Research: Women, liars less capable at detecting lies. Security
          Letter, 10, 4
          Rec#: 4842
          Keywords: lying-detection.

667. Anonymous. (1999). Researchers put a face on deception. Polygraph News and Views,
          7,
          Rec#: 6524
          Keywords: deception/nonverbal detection of deception-face.

668. Anonymous. (2001). Respiration analysis---single-cycle "rule" no longer rigidly
          applied. Polygraph News and Views, 10, 2
          Rec#: 7133
          Keywords: respiration/rank order scoring.

669. Anonymous. (1995). Results of polygraph examination deemed admissible under
          Daubert standard. The Criminal Law Reporter, 58, 1069-1070.
          Rec#: 9382
          Keywords: admissibility/Judicial Discretion/Daubert Standard.

670. Anonymous. (1978). Retail Clerks Union official cleared by polygraph. APA
          Newsletter, 22
          Rec#: 4846
          Keywords: cases-assault/Retail Clerks .
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 44). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

671. Anonymous. (1992). [Review of the book Detecting Deception: Winning The
          Polygraph Game]. Polygraph, 21, 78-79.
          Rec#: 9580
          Keywords: book reviews.

672. Anonymous. (1997). [Review of the book Expert witness handbook]. Polygraph,
          26, 63
            Rec#: 6915
            Keywords: book reviews/admissibility/evidence.

673. Anonymous. (1997). [Review of the book How honesty testing works]. Polygraph,
          26, 64
          Rec#: 6930
          Keywords: book reviews/Honesty testing/psychological testing.

674. Anonymous. (1981). [Review of the book The art and science of the polygraph
          technique]. Trial, 17,
          Rec#: 9012
          Keywords: book reviews.

675. Anonymous. (1938). [Review of the book The lie detector test ]. Booklist, 34, 349
          Rec#: 771
          Keywords: book reviews.

676. Anonymous. (1993). [Review of the book Theories And Applications In The Detection
          Of Deception]. Criminal Justice Review, 18, 304-306.
          Rec#: 9582
          Keywords: book reviews.
          Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 23, (3), 254-256.

677. Anonymous. (1988). Rewriting the probation story. Polygraph Update, 5, 1-3.
          Rec#: 4850
          Keywords: applications-probation.

678. Anonymous. (1973). Rizzo's waterloo? Newsweek, 82, 90-91.
          Rec#: 6455
          Keywords: evidence/admissibility.

679. Anonymous. (1981). Robber kept off police force by polygraph examination. APA
          Newsletter, 14, 6
          Rec#: 4880
          Keywords: cases-robbery/screening-police.

680. Anonymous. (1980). A robbery that wasn't. APA Newsletter, 13, 5
          Rec#: 4881
          Keywords: cases-theft/cases-robbery/Beloit Police Department.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 39). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

681. Anonymous. (1989). Ron Decker retires. APA Newsletter, 22, 19
          Rec#: 4928
          Keywords: biographies-Decker, Ronald.

682. Anonymous. (1989). Ron Decker to retire. APA Newsletter, 22, 8
          Rec#: 4929
             Keywords: biographies-Decker, Ronald.

683. Anonymous. (1980). Royal Canadian Mounted Police report on polygraph use. APA
          Newsletter, 13, 12
          Rec#: 4971
          Keywords: applications-foreign/surveys-police-Canada/Canada/Royal Canadian
          Mounted Police.

684. Anonymous. (1986). S. 1815: The polygraph protection act of 1985: A statement from
          ASIS to the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources. Security
          Management, 30, 63-67.
          Rec#: 4999
          Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial/American Society for Industrial
          Security.

685. Anonymous. Sabrina Maddoz v. Cash Loans of Huntsville II. ed.
          Rec#: 5155
          Keywords: evidence.
          Abstract: Polygraph evidence is inadmissible in a civil action as it is not proper
          character evidence under F.R.C.P. 608 and its probative value is outweighed by
          its prejudicial effect under F.R.C.P. 403. Case # 21 F. Supp. 2d 1336.

686. Anonymous. (1994). The sad-truth phone. The New York Times Magazine, 6, 13
          Rec#: 9931
          Keywords: voice stress analysis/micro-tremor/telephones.
          Abstract: Phone that works as lie detector by detecting voice microtremors
          discussed.

687. Anonymous. (1995). The Science Of Honesty Testing. Security , 32, 11
          Rec#: 9400
          Keywords: employee screening/psychological tests/honesty testing.

688. Anonymous. (1999). Scientific American helps liars beat tests. Polygraph News and
          Views, 7,
          Rec#: 6531
          Keywords: countermeasures/privacy.

689. Anonymous. (1980). Screening test solves an old murder. APA Newsletter, 13, 26
          Rec#: 5122
          Keywords: cases-homicide/cases-screening-homicide/nuclear power
          plant-screening.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 53). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

690. Anonymous. (1986). Searching for honest employee. Employee Theft Resource Center
          ,
            Rec#: 7247
          Keywords: employee screening/APA/paper and pencil tests/blood
            pressure/licensing/deception/polygraph techniques/guilty knowledge/Lykken,
            David T./Reid Report.
            Abstract: Articles included are Polygraph: Employer's ally or employee's enemy?.
            Polygraph vs. Pen & pencil test. Why is the polygraph worth all the furor?. The
            pen that's mightier than the lie. Choosing your honesty tool.

691. Anonymous. (2001). Seating arrangements: Seeing the most while trying to remain
          invisible. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 3
          Rec#: 6880
          Keywords: polygraph general.

692. Anonymous. (1992). Secret service best lie detectors. Security, 29, 6
          Rec#: 9615
          Keywords: U.S. Secret Service.

693. Anonymous. (1985). Security closeup: The polygraph strikes back. Security
          Management, 1414, July 25
          Rec#: 5134
          Keywords: utility/Department of Defense/Bush, George/Central Intelligence
          Agency/Devine, David/American Polygraph
          Association/screening-federal/applications-counterintelligence.

694. Anonymous. Security practices in the National Security Agency (Defection of Bernon
          F. Mitchell and William H. Martin). ed. 1962 Aug 13; Washington, DC:
          GPO.
          Rec#: 9916
          Keywords: National Security Agency/screening-national
          security/espionage/Mitchell, Bernon F./Martin, William H.

695. Anonymous. (1993). Seminar Instructs Auditors In Giving Fraud Suspects The Third
          Degree. Corporate Security Digest , 7, 4-5.
          Rec#: 9617
          Keywords: interrogation/fraud/criminal investigations/police questioning.

696. Anonymous. (1987). Senate report on counterintelligence and security. Polygraph,
          16, 72-74.
          Rec#: 5144
          Keywords: applications-counterintelligence/Department of
          Defense/legislation-federal-Senate.

697. Anonymous. (1985). Sex assault dropped after polygraph examination. APA
          Newsletter, 18, 21
          Rec#: 5162
          Keywords: cases-sexual assault.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 8). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

698. Anonymous. (2001). Sex offender seminars energize debate about best comparison
            questions: Instructors advocate for their favorites about lies, fantasy, activity or a
            mix. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 3
            Rec#: 7621
            Keywords: sex offenders/lying/question formulation.

699. Anonymous. (2000). Sex offender test result becomes pivotal in suit. Polygraph News
          and Views, 8, 1
          Rec#: 5783
          Keywords: sex offenders/law-suits.

700. Anonymous. (2000). Shaggy dogs confirm test results. Polygraph News and Views,
          8, 2
          Rec#: 5797
          Keywords: background investigations/investigations-commercial/interrogation.

701. Anonymous. (1999). Shaken baby syndrome: What is it? Polygraph News and Views,
          7, 1 & 3
          Rec#: 7553
          Keywords: background investigations/interrogation.

702. Anonymous. (1985). Shultz: A flutter. Newsweek, 106, 20
          Rec#: 6433
          Keywords: employee screening/Shultz, George.

703. Anonymous. (1999). A silent answer comparison question & a police pre-employement
          critique. Polygraph News and Views, 7, 2
          Rec#: 7556
          Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/applications/preemployment
          screening/ADA.

704. Anonymous. (2002). Simple instruction improves behavior anaylsis. Polygraph News
          and Views, 10, 4
          Rec#: 1459
          Keywords: lying/pretest interview/behavioral indicators.

705. Anonymous. (1972). Soldier cleared in robbery case. APA Newsletter, 2
          Rec#: 5284
          Keywords: cases-robbery.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 4). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

706. Anonymous. (1974). Some further observations on the DeBetham case - Correction.
          Polygraph, 3, 105-106.
          Rec#: 9515
          Keywords: cases-drugs/admissibility-federal.
          Notes: Correction to article appearing in Polygraph, 1(4), 247-249 .

707. Anonymous. (1977). Southwest School of Polygraph seeks APA accreditation. APA
             Newsletter, 23-24.
             Rec#: 5294
             Keywords: training-Texas/Southwest School of Polygraph.

708. Anonymous. (1994). Special Issue: Leonard Keeler. Polygraph, 23, 118-187.
          Rec#: 7194
          Keywords: historical interest-Keeler, Leonarde.

709. Anonymous. (1988). Special report on the polygraph act: Rules allow many
          exceptions. Questions remain. Security Letter, 18,
          Rec#: 7299
          Keywords: theft losses/Employee Polygraph Protection Act.

710. Anonymous. (1987). Spokane commissioner says polygraph invaluable. APA
          Newsletter, 20, 13
          Rec#: 5307
          Keywords: Spokane County Civil Service
          Commission/applications-screening-law enforcement/screening-police.

711. Anonymous. (2001). Spy scandals generate new polygraph policies. Polygraph News
          and Views, 9, 1 & 4
          Rec#: 7232
          Keywords: FBI/privacy/screening/validity/reliability/physiological responses.

712. Anonymous. (2001). Standards in polygraph: How we decide the correct way to do
          what we do. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 2-4.
          Rec#: 7545
          Keywords: standardization/Department of Defense Polygraph
          Institute/APA/APA-school accreditation/Accuracy/inconclusive results/control
          questions/quality control.

713. Anonymous. (1988). State Department establishes a polygraph program. APA
          Newsletter, 21, 11
          Rec#: 5317
          Keywords: applications-counterintelligence.

714. Anonymous. (1989). State Department regulations on the polygraph. Polygraph, 18,
          106-116.
          Rec#: 5318
          Keywords: regulations-State Department/U.S. Department of
          State/applications-counterintelligence.

715. Anonymous. (1989-1990). State high court rules on criminal psychological testing.
          The Truthseekers, 1,
          Rec#: 7322
          Keywords: psychological testing/witnesses/court rulings.

716. State of Idaho vs. John Kildare. Testimony of Dr. David C. Raskin. 84.
             Rec#: 6935
             Keywords: polygraph techniques/courtroom testimony-expert
             qualifications/EEG/detection of deception.
             Notes: District Court of the Fifth Judicial District of the State of Idaho, case no.
             #4085.

717. Anonymous. State of Kansas v. Jason M. Wakefield. ed.
          Rec#: 5124
          Keywords: admissibility.
          Abstract: Applying an analysis under United States v. Piccinonna, 885 F. 2d 1529
          (11th Cir. 1989), the court upheld the exclusion from evidence of the defendant's
          exculpatory polygraph examination as there was no stipulation regarding its
          admissibility and there was no claim by the prosecution that the defendant was
          untruthful as to the relevant question tested. Case #977 P.2d 941.

718. Anonymous. State of Kansas v. Roy A. Lumley. ed.
          Rec#: 5127
          Keywords: probation/criminal trials/evidence.
          Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 29, (1), 116-123.
          Abstract: Polygraph evidence is "sufficiently reliable" under the relaxed standards
          of a revocation of probation hearing to be admissible as proof of the defendant's
          violation of conditions of probation. The court observed that there are significant
          differences betwwen criminal trials and probation revocation hearings, the latter
          requiring proof only by a preponderance of the evidence. Case # 977 P.2d 914.

719. State of Louisiana v. Joseph A. Catanese. (1979). S. Ct. of Louisiana. 368 So. 2d 975.
             Anonymous.
             Rec#: 7497
             Keywords: admissibility-Louisiana/criminal trials/cases-armed robbery.
             Notes: See also P 2853.
             Abstract: Taks here is to rule on the defense motion to allow the defense to
             attempt to introduce in evidence the results of a polygraph examination
             administered to the defendent. the issue is not whether this particular test will be
             allowed.. It will be recalled that our jurisprudence flately precludes the use of a
             polygraph result in evidence. Therefore, any party attempting to intruduce a
             polygraph result will meet an insurmountable objection.

720. Anonymous. State of Montana v. William Joseph Anderson. ed.
          Rec#: 5349
          Keywords: admissibility-Montana.
          Abstract: Holding that polygraph evidence is not admissible in any proceeding in
          a court of law in Montana, the court remanded for sentencing where the original
          sentence was based on a psychosexual evaluation which relied, in part, on
          polygraph results. Case # 977 P.2d 315.

721. Anonymous. (1971). State of New Jersey v. Joseph Watson. The Journal of Polygraph
          Studies, 6,
            Rec#: 7024
            Keywords: admissibility/admissibility-post trial/courtroom testimony.

722. State of New Jersey v. Joseph Watson. (1971). Hudson County Ct. NJ 1971. 278 A. 2d
             543. Anonymous.
             Rec#: 5829
             Keywords: admissibility-New Jersey/testimony assessment/voluntary.
             Notes: Also see P 7024.

723. The State of New Jersey v. Lonny McDavitt. (1971). S. Ct. NJ 1971. 286 a. 2D 86.
            Anonymous.
            Rec#: 5839
            Keywords: admissibility-New Jersey/Supreme Court.
            Notes: Case # 118 N. J. Supper. 77, 286 A.2d 86 case reversed followed by case
            # 62 N.J. 36, 297 A.2d 849 judgment of Appellate Division reversed and
            judgment of conviction reinstated. Also see P 266.

724. Anonymous. State of New Mexico v. Samson Blue. ed.
          Rec#: 5271
          Keywords: exculpatory tests.
          Abstract: Prosecutor's failure to present details of defendant's exculpatory
          polygraph to grand jury did not require dismissal of indictment where the grand
          jury was told that the defendant passed a polygraph examination. The polygraph
          did not directly negate the defendant's guilt and the defendant failed to
          demonstrate that the polygraph examination was conducted pursuant to New
          Mexico statutory requirments for admissibility of polygraph results. Case # 125
          N.M. 826, 965 P. 2d 945 (N.M. App., cert pending).

725. Anonymous. State of Oregon vs. Anthony Pickens.       ed.
          Rec#: 4758
          Keywords: interrogation/False statements.
          Notes: Case No #C97-08-36352.

726. The State v. Dempsey Ray Chambers. (1977). S. Ct., GA 1977. 239 S. E. 2d 324.
            Anonymous.
            Rec#: 5905
            Keywords: admissibility-Georgia/jurors/rape.
            Notes: Also see P 1969.

727. Anonymous. (1984). Statement of chairman Bill Nichols, investigations Subcommittee
          House Armed Services Committee on H.R. 4681. Polygraph, 13, 217-230.
          Rec#: 7269
          Keywords: applications-screening/screening.

728. Anonymous. (1970). Statement of Empire State Chamber of Commerce. APA
          Newsletter, 5, 12-13.
          Rec#: 5323
             Keywords: legislation-state/New York/law-labor-privacy.

729. Anonymous. (1972). Status of two anti-polygraph bills. APA Newsletter, 7
          Rec#: 5327
          Keywords: law-limiting-state/Indiana/Wisconsin.

730. Anonymous. (1996). Stehney v. Perry 1995 wl 688283 fed supp (d.n.j.). Polygraph ,
          25, 81-99.
          Rec#: 9873
          Keywords: law-6th amendment/employee screening.

731. Anonymous. (1996). The stimulus test-an annotated bibliography. Polygraph, 25,
          290-297.
          Rec#: 7270
          Keywords: bibliographies/stimulus tests/relevant-irrelevant method/control
          questions-Reid/peak of tension/numbers test/card test.

732. Anonymous. (1991). Stipulated polygraph evidence admitted in Michigan. APA
          Newsletter, 24, 6
          Rec#: 5386
          Keywords: admissibility-Michigan/admissibility-stipulated.

733. Anonymous. (1980). Stoelting manufactures new program pacer for polygraph
          instruments. APA Newsletter, 13, 6
          Rec#: 5390
          Keywords: instruments-polygraph pacer-Stoelting.

734. Anonymous. (1973). Stress test, who's lying. Newsweek, 82, 19
          Rec#: 6384
          Keywords: testimony assessment/PSE/stress/credibility assessment.

735. Anonymous. (2000). Striving to become a S. O. specialist. Polygrpah News and Views,
          8, 1
          Rec#: 7693
          Keywords: certification.

736. Anonymous. (1995). Styles of controls: Reid vs. Backster: to bar or not to bar.
          Polygraph News and Views, 3, 1-2.
          Rec#: 7599
          Keywords: control questions/Backster, Cleve/Reid, John E.

737. Anonymous. (1973). Subject guilty in one case - Innocent in another. APA Newsletter,
          3-4.
          Rec#: 5406
          Keywords: cases-robbery/cases-drugs/Federal Public Defender/Bureau of
          Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 1-2). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.
738. Suggested format of direct examination of a polygraph examiner. nd.
            Rec#: 9050
            Keywords: law.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

739. Suggested question sequence . 79.
            Rec#: 6906
            Keywords: question formulation-relevant.

740. Suggested test sequence and stim techniques. 80.
            Rec#: 6908
            Keywords: MGQT/pretest.

741. Anonymous. Summary of experimental psychophysiology and North American
          pseudoscientific polygraphy (sic): Conceptual concerns and practical problems.
          ed. 1990 Jul 09;
          Rec#: 7634
          Keywords: Guilty knowledge test/GKT/interrogation/validity/Accuracy/Saxe,
          Leonard/Lykken, David T./Ben-Shakhar, Gershon/CQT/control questions/P300.
          Notes: The 5th International Congress of Psychophysiology, Budapest, Hungary,
          July 9-13, 1990.

742. Anonymous. (1983). Supreme Court finds no Fifth Amendment violation when
          interrogation in counsel's absence follow polygraph test. Search and Seizure
          Law Report, 10, 103
          Rec#: 5421
          Keywords: interrogation-post test/interrogation-Fifth Amendment.

743. Anonymous. (2002). Supreme court splits vote on inmate's refusal to complete "full
          disclosure" - O'Connor joins with conservatives but writes her own separate
          opinion. Polygraph News and Views, 10, 3
          Rec#: 7717
          Keywords: supreme court/polygraph general.

744. Anonymous. (1976). Suspect cleared of twenty year old murder. APA Newsletter, 1-2.
          Rec#: 5426
          Keywords: cases-homicide/Ku Klux Klan/Arther, Richard O./Malinowski,
          Benjamin F./Backster, Cleve.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 11). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

745. Anonymous. (2002). Symptomatics: Remedy or headache?: Research revisited with
          different results. Polygraph News and Views, 10, 1 & 4
          Rec#: 6439
          Keywords: inconclusive results/comparison question.

746. Tana Wood v. Dwayne Earl Bartholomew. (1995). S. Ct. 116 S. Ct.7, 13 L. Ed. 2d 1, 64
           USLW 3260 USLW 267, 95 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 7960, 95 Daily Journal D. A. R.
             13, 641. Anonymous.
             Rec#: 7498
             Keywords: admissibility-Washington State/Supreme Court.

747. Anonymous. (1977). Telling lies and spotting liars. Psychology Today, 152
          Rec#: 7049
          Keywords: lying/psychological test data.

748. Anonymous. (1999). Tennessee polygraph examiners laws and rules. Charlottesville,
          VA: Lexis Law Publishing.
          Rec#: 6485
          Keywords: law-state/Tennessee/polygraph general.
          Notes: Reprinted from Tennessee Code annotated and 1999 supplement.

749. Anonymous. (2001). Terrorism gives recruiting boost to CIA while voice stress seller
          makes a few phony claims. Polygraph News and Views, 9, 3
          Rec#: 3511
          Keywords: voice stress analyzer/Department of Defense Polygraph Institute/voice
          stress analysis.

750. Anonymous. (1989). Test brings confession to odd murder. APA Newsletter, 22, 17
          Rec#: 5530
          Keywords: cases-murder.

751. Anonymous. (1986). Test clears teacher of student assault. APA Newsletter, 19, 4
          Rec#: 5531
          Keywords: cases-assault.

752. Anonymous. (1990). Test results admissible in prison proceeding but insufficient as sole
          evidence. APA Newsletter, 23, 2
          Rec#: 5533
          Keywords: admissibility-prison proceedings.

753. Anonymous. Testimony of David T. Lykken. ed. 1980 Dec;
          Rec#: 9936
          Keywords: Lykken, David T./courtroom testimony-expert witness.

754. Anonymous. Testimony of David T. Lykken. ed. 1981 Nov 05;
          Rec#: 9935
          Keywords: Lykken, David T./courtroom testimony-expert witness.

755. Anonymous. (1979). Testimony of Mr. Raymond J. Weir before the United States
          Senate Ethics Committee, May 7, 1979. Polygraph, 8, 325-356.
          Rec#: 5537
          Keywords: courtroom testimony/applications-Senate ethics/cases-Talmadge,
          Herman/biographies-Weir, Raymond J., Jr./Ninchew, Daniel/Talmadge,
          Herman/Federal Bureau of Investigation.
756. Anonymous. Testimony of Rabbi David Saperstein. ed.
          Rec#: 5842
          Keywords: Surveillance/polygraph general.
          Notes: On the behalf of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations.

757. Anonymous. (1987). Testing once for drugs. Security, 24, 9
          Rec#: 5538
          Keywords: applications-drug testing.

758. Testing phase. 81.
            Rec#: 6907
            Keywords: control question tests-Arther/relevant-irrelevant method/pretest.

759. Anonymous. (1989). Testing the water or walking on water? Guardsmarks requests
          polygraph in job ad. Security Letter, 19, part I
          Rec#: 5539
          Keywords: EPPA/screening-commercial.

760. Anonymous. (1986). Texas governor offers to take polygraph test. APA Newsletter,
          19, 3
          Rec#: 5543
          Keywords: cases-political.

761. Texas State Employees Union v. Texas Department of Mental Health and Mental
            Retardation, et.al. 87.
             Rec#: 6986
            Keywords: mental state/employee screening/deception cues/physiological
            responses/admissibility.
            Notes: Opinion, Supreme Court of Texas, C-5384.

762. Anonymous. (1984). Theft suspect arrives for test in stolen car. APA Newsletter, 17,
          3
          Rec#: 5550
          Keywords: cases-auto-theft/cases-theft.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 30). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

763. Anonymous. (1979). A Theft that wasn't a theft. APA Newsletter, 17
          Rec#: 5551
          Keywords: cases-theft.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 44). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

764. Anonymous. (1976). To tell the truth. Security Management Plant & Property
          Protection, 1-4.
          Rec#: 331
          Keywords: screening-commercial-Arther.
765. Anonymous. (1986). To tell the truth, lie detectors don't. UFCW Action, 15
          Rec#: 7124
          Keywords: theft-employees/licensing/criticism.

766. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1968). Training Key #110: The Polygraph and its use .
          Gaithersburg, MD: International Association of Chiefs of Police. 1-5 p.
          Rec#: 4401
          Keywords: applications-law enforcement.

767. Anonymous. Anonymous. (1970). The Training of polygraph examiners. Chicago:
          Keeler Polygraph Institute. - p.
          Rec#: 5611
          Keywords: training-Keeler Polygraph Institute/history/Keeler Polygraph Institute.

768. Anonymous. (1976). Treasury Department letter to Bella S. Abzug. APA Newsletter, 7
          Rec#: 5618
          Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial/U.S. Treasury Department/Abzug,
          Bella S.

769. Anonymous. (1987). Trio avoid murder charge following tests - Witnesses charged.
          APA Newsletter, 20, 14
          Rec#: 5623
          Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.

770. Anonymous. (1973). Triple mistaken identity case cleared up. APA Newsletter, 1-2.
          Rec#: 5624
          Keywords: cases-armed robbery/eyewitness testimony/applications-mistaken
          identity.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 2). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

771. Anonymous. (1972). Troubleshooting a Stoelting GSR system. Polygraph, 1,
          185-186.
          Rec#: 9524
          Keywords: Stoelting/GSR/troubleshooting/instruments-Stoelting.

772. Anonymous. (1985). The truth about the polygraph test. Congressional Record -
          House, H 1832
          Rec#: 5608
          Keywords: reliability/physiological responses/validity.

773. Anonymous. (1981). TV reporter takes Dr. Lykken's advice, but the countermeasures
          failed. APA Newsletter, 14, 8
          Rec#: 5663
          Keywords: countermeasures-pain/public relations.

774. Anonymous. (1985). Two polygraph examinations get dismissal. APA Newsletter, 18,
          20
             Rec#: 5668
             Keywords: cases-dismissal.

775. U. S. Department of Energy of Polygraph Examination Regulation. (1999).
            CN-RM-99-POLY, CN-RM-99-POLY.
            Rec#: 7296
            Keywords: screening-national security/Department of Energy/screening-federal .
            Notes: Public Hearing of the Polygraph Examination Regulation.

776. U. S. Department of Energy on Polygraph Examination Regulation. (1999).
            CN-RM-99-POLY, CN-RM-99-POLY.
            Rec#: 7308
            Keywords: screening-national security/Department of Energy/screening-federal .
            Notes: Public hearing was held in the Forrestal Auditorium, Department of
            Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D. C. at 9:00 a.m..

777. U. S. Department of Energy Polygraph Examination Regulation. (1999).
            CN-RM-99-POLY, CN-RM-99-POLY.
            Rec#: 7309
            Keywords: screening-national security/Department of Energy/screening-federal .
            Notes: Notice of proposed rulemakeing and public hearing, Lawrence Livermore
            National Laboratory, morning session.

778. U. S. Department of Energy Polygraph Examination Rulgation. (1999).
            CN-RM-99-POLY, CN-RM-99-POLY.
            Rec#: 7315
            Keywords: screening-national security/Department of Energy/screening-federal .
            Notes: Notice of proposed rulemaking and public hearing, Lawrence Livermore
            National Laboratory, Afternoon Session.

779. Anonymous. (1986). U.S. Department of Justice opposes H.R. 1524. APA Newsletter,
          19, 8-9.
          Rec#: 5774
          Keywords: law-federal-commercial/U.S. Department of Justice.

780. Anonymous. (1988). U.S. Department of Labor - Application of the Employee
          Polygraph Protection Act of 1988 - Final Rule. Polygraph, 17, 149-194.
          Rec#: 5775
          Keywords: law-federal/Employee Polygraph Protection Act.

781. Anonymous. (1974). U. S. District Court supports police polygraph screening.
          Polygraph, 3, 412-416.
          Rec#: 7514
          Keywords: screening/court rulings.

782. Anonymous. (1994). U.S. Joint Security Commission Report Includes Polygraph
          Considerations. Polygraph, 23, 1-23.
          Rec#: 9623
             Keywords: screening-national security/examiners.

783. U. S. Military courts - recent cases involving polygraphs. 88.
            Rec#: 411
            Keywords: cases-military.
            Notes: Presented at the Military Judges' conference, Maxwell AFB, Alabama, 22
            March 1988. Involved 4 cases: United States v. Abeyta, United States v.
            Howard, United States v. Allen, United States v. Baldwin.

784. Anonymous. (1996). Under oath. People, 46, 164
          Rec#: 7002
          Keywords: trials-litigation.

785. Anonymous. (1988). Understanding the auto response. Polygraph Update, 5, 4
          Rec#: 5676
          Keywords: instrumentation-cardio.

786. Anonymous. (1979). Union representative testifies before House Labor-Management
          Committee. APA Newsletter, 1-2.
          Rec#: 5684
          Keywords: legislation-federal-screening/screening-commercial.

787. Anonymous. United State v. Jerry Preston Thomas. ed.
          Rec#: 5154
          Keywords: admissibility/stipulated examinations.
          Abstract: Observing that the defendant's polygraph examination was unilaterally
          obtained without notice to the prosecution, the Sixth Circuit restated its position
          that, absent a stipulation, polygraph evidence is generally inadmissible and upheld
          exclusion from evidence of the polygrpah results. Case # 167 F. d 299.

788. United States, Appellee versus David J. Martinez, Sergeant First Class, U.S. Army,
            Appellant, No. 93-6001, CMR Misc. No. 9202472. 93.
            Rec#: 9422
            Keywords:
            confessions-admissibility/admissibility-confessions/admissibility-courts martial.
            Notes: United States Court of Military Appeals.

789. United States Department of Energy Polygraph Examination Regulation. (1999).
            CN-RM-99-POLY, CN-RM-99-POLY.
            Rec#: 7328
            Keywords: screening-national security/Department of Energy/screening-federal .
            Notes: Public hearing of the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Administration
            Building, Main Auditorium, Los Alamos, New Mexico.

790. United States of America, Appellee, v. Joseph Armand Oliver, Appellant. 75.
            Rec#: 9130
            Keywords: admissibility/cases-rape/Missouri.
            Notes: Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of
             Missouri, United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit. Reprinted in
             Polygraph, 4, (4), 384-394.

791. United States of America, plaintiff vs. John Z. DeLorean, defendant. 84.
            Rec#: 9055
            Keywords: DeLorean, John Z./admissibility-federal-criminal
            cases/cases-drugs-DeLorean/instrumentation/countermeasures/validity.
            Notes: Selected portions of reporter's transcript of proceedings of John Z.
            DeLorean trial, Los Angeles, CA.

792. United States of America v. Bruce Eugene DeBetham. (1972). US D Ct. S. D. CA 1972.
            348 F. Supp. 1377. Anonymous.
            Rec#: 5650
            Keywords: admissibility-California/judicial
            discretion/evidence/reliability-general.
            Notes: Appeals case follow, case # 470 F /2d 1367, US App, 9th Circuit. Also
            see P 8874. 9th Circuit Court's lengthy analysis of the foundational evidence in
            support of the accuracy of polygraph results. Include the appeals cite as 470 F.
            2d 1367.

793. United States of America v. Joseph Armand Oliver. (1975). US Ct. App MO 1975. 25
            F. 2d 731. Anonymous.
            Rec#: 5917
            Keywords: admissibility-Missouri/abuse of/polygraph-general-U.S. Government.
            Notes: Also see P 176.

794. Anonymous. United States of American Vs. Constance R. Orians and Ronald G. Orians.
          ed.
          Rec#: 5031
          Keywords: reliability/inconclusive results/countermeasures/Supreme
          Court/admissibility/Daubert standard.
          Notes: Case No # CR-96-534 PHX RCB.

795. Anonymous. United States v Brian H. West. ed.
          Rec#: 6944
          Keywords: false statements/sodium pentathol.
          Notes: U. S. Court of Military Appeals.

796. Anonymous. United States v. Chris Wright. ed.
          Rec#: 5203
          Keywords: admissibility/stipulated examinations.
          Abstract: Notwithstanding parties prior stipulation to the admissibility of
          polygraph evidence and that stipulated polygraph evidence is admissible in the
          Fourth Circuit, the court exercised its discretionary authority to grant the
          defendant's motion to prevent introduction to polygraph evidence.

797. Anonymous. (1987). United States v. Jerry L. Gipson. Military Justice Reporter,
             246-256.
             Rec#: 6920
             Keywords: examiners-military/admissibility-military/physiological
             responses/Frye case.

798. United States v. Jerry L. Gipson. U.S. Ct of Mil. App. 24 M. J. 246, 56 USLW 2130, 23
            Fed. R. Evid. Serv. 384. Anonymous.
            Rec#: 7499
            Keywords: admissibility-military                 .
            Notes: Appellant's motion to dismiss the Charge and its specifications granted.
            The Charge and its specifications are dismissed. Forfeitures which have been
            collected will be restored to appellant. Also see P 1020, P 3685, P 6786, P 6920,
            P 6019.

799. United States v. Leon-Delfis. (2000). U. S. Ct. of Appeals, 1st Ct. 99-1021, 1st Cir.
            Anonymous.
            Rec#: 7500
            Keywords: admissibility.

800. United States v. Posado. 5th Cir. 57 F. 3d 428. Anonymous.
            Rec#: 7502
            Keywords: admissibility.
            Notes: Also see P 6860, P 6961.

801. United States v. Specialist James L. Williams. (1994). U.S. Ct. 39 M. J. 555.
            Anonymous.
            Rec#: 7503
            Keywords: admissibility-military/admissibility-Military Rules of Evidence.
            Notes: The first case was in the U.S. Army Court of Military Review and the
            second was in the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.

802. Anonymous. United States vs. David F. Jameson. ed.
          Rec#: 6919
          Keywords: admissibility/polygraph general/validity.
          Notes: Argument in opposition to admittance of polygraph evidence and proposed
          findings, see also P 6939.

803. Anonymous. United States vs. David F. Jameson. ed.
          Rec#: 6939
          Keywords: admissibility/validity/physiological
          responses/examiners-qualifications/control questions.
          Notes: Argument supporting the admissibility of the polygraph evidence and
          proposed findings, see also P 6919.

804. The United States vs. Jerry D. Clayton and R. J. Dalley. Testimony of Gordon Barland.
           94.
           Rec#: 1458
             Keywords: Arizona/courtroom testimony/countermeasures.
             Notes: United States Distric Court District of Arizona.

805. Anonymous. (1976). The use of polygraphs and similar devices by federal agencies.
          Polygraph, 5, 2-58.
          Rec#: 5794
          Keywords:
          legislation-federal/applications-counterintelligence/screening-government/voice
          stress/research-federal/Abzug, Bella S.
          Notes: [copy of the report by Bella Abzug's committee--the Government
          Information and Individual Rights Subcommittee].

806. Anonymous. (1989). Utah corrections official cleared of murder suspicion. APA
          Newsletter, 22, 16
          Rec#: 5798
          Keywords: cases-murder.

807. Anonymous. (1997). The validity and reliability of polygraph testing. Polygraph, 26,
          215-239.
          Rec#: 7283
          Keywords: reliability/validity.

808. Anonymous. (1980). Vermont licensing law upheld in federal court. Polygraph, 9,
          238-250.
          Rec#: 7301
          Keywords: licensing-Vermont/PSE/Vermont licensing law/legislation-Vermont.

809. Anonymous. (1980). Victim of robbery turns out to be the thief. APA Newsletter, 13,
          2
          Rec#: 5830
          Keywords: cases-theft/cases-false reports/Phoenix Police Department/Mohr, Carl
          T.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 39). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

810. Anonymous. (1981). Victim's identification outweighs polygraph evidence in Norfolk
          trial. APA Newsletter, 14, 6
          Rec#: 5831
          Keywords: cases-rape/cases-robbery.

811. Anonymous. (1986). The victims of lie detector tests. UFCW Action, 16-17.
          Rec#: 7126
          Keywords: polygraph-criticism.
          Notes: Includes The case of the man who knew his own name, The case of the
          missing drugs, The case of the ineffective state law, The case of the missing
          money, The case of the screening examiner, The case of the examiner's wandering
          hands, The case of the accused test minipulator, The case of the deodorant
             powder.

812. Anonymous. (2001). Voice stress continues to attract police interest. Polygraph News
          and Views, 9, 1 & 4
          Rec#: 7573
          Keywords: voice stress/CVSA.

813. Anonymous. (2002). Voice stress devices and the detection of lies. Policy Review,
          13, 1-4.
          Rec#: 7390
          Keywords: voice
          stress/training/accuracy/interrogation/CVSA/PSE/counterintelligence.

814. Anonymous. (1981). Voice stress tests: testimony concerning; admissibility. IACP
          Law Enforcement Legal Review, 9
          Rec#: 7624
          Keywords: Oral communication/voice stress.

815. Anonymous. (1985). The Walker case complication: Polygraphy may have been used to
          further spying. Security Letter, 15, 2
          Rec#: 5888
          Keywords: cases-espionage/cases-espionage-Walker/Walker case.

816. Anonymous. (1990). Walter F. Atwood receives Forensic Academy's John R. Hont
          award. APA Newsletter, 23, 7-8.
          Rec#: 5899
          Keywords: biographies-Atwood, Walter F./Atwood, Walter F.

817. Anonymous. (1990). Welcoming Remarks Of William J. Yankee, At The 1990 Federal
          Interagency Polygraph Seminar. Polygraph, 19, 182-187.
          Rec#: 9949
          Keywords: examiners/Federal Interagency Polygraph Seminar.

818. Anonymous. (1988). What's going to happen to the polygraph now? Security Letter,
          18,
          Rec#: 7083
          Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/industrial espionage.

819. Anonymous. (2000). What's wrong with this picture??? Polygraph News and Views,
          8, 3
          Rec#: 7222
          Keywords: reliability/interviews/screening/Ramseys.

820. White paper for conversion, storage, and manipulation of Lafayette strip chart data. 88.
            Rec#: 9951
            Keywords: digital data conversion/data storage/data retrieval/data display.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.
821. Anonymous. (1980). Why the polygraph is important to business, especially small
          business. Security Letter, 10, 1-2.
          Rec#: 6025
          Keywords: screening-commercial.

822. Anonymous. (1981). Wife submits to lie detector test (an Australian case). APA
          Newsletter, 14, 7-8.
          Rec#: 6049
          Keywords: cases-homicide/admissibility-Australia/Australia.

823. Anonymous. (1991). William Daubert; Joyce Daubert, individually and as guardians ad
          litem for Jason Daubert, a minor; Anita DeYounr, individually, and as guardian
          ad litem for Eric Schuller, plaintiffs-appellants, v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals,
          Inc., a Delaware corporation, defendant-appellee. Federal Reporter, 2d Series,
          1128-1131.
          Rec#: 6566
          Keywords: Daubert, William/admissibility.
          Notes: No. 90-55397, United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit, argued and
          submitted April 5, 1991, decided December 20, 1991.

824. Anonymous. (1974). Wisconsin admits polygraph evidence. Polygraph, 3, 220-222.
          Rec#: 6100
          Keywords: admissibility-Wisconsin.

825. Anonymous. (1992). Wisconsin passes act similar to EPPA, police not exempt.
          Polygraph, 21, 154-160.
          Rec#: 6103
          Keywords: Anti-polygraph laws.

826. Anonymous. (1988). With the polygraph weakened - Opponents will turn on paper and
          pencil testing. Security Letter, 18, part I
          Rec#: 6107
          Keywords: paper and pencil tests/Reid Psychological Systems/London
          House-Stanton surveys/law-labor-rights-exconvicts/rights-exconvicts.

827. Anonymous. (1972). Witness charged after polygraph clears suspect. APA Newsletter,
          2
          Rec#: 6110
          Keywords: cases-homicide-innocent.
          Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley & J. Pumphrey (Eds.), Justice and the polygraph
          (p. 1). Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.

828. Anonymous. (2002). Witness says polygraph, court says have new trial. Polygraph
          News and Views, 10, 3
          Rec#: 7412
          Keywords: witnesses/courtroom testimony-Maryland/irrelevant.

829. Anonymous. (1986). The witness to murder had first-hand knowledge. APA
             Newsletter, 19, 14
             Rec#: 6111
             Keywords: cases-homicide/applications-witnesses.

830. Anonymous. (1985). The works of William Moulton Marston. Polygraph, 14,
          287-288.
          Rec#: 4365
          Keywords: bibliographies.

831. Anonymous. (1962). The Workshops: Use of the polygraph. The Police Chief, 29,
          144
          Rec#: 6127
          Keywords: training.

832. Yes test polygraph technique. nd.
             Rec#: 6197
             Keywords: techniques-yes test (Reid)/Michigan State Police.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript, Michigan State Police.

833. Anonymous. (2000). "Yes" test targets liars who want to try tricks. Polygraph News
          and Views, 8, 1 & 2 & 4
          Rec#: 7223
          Keywords: lying/preemployment screening/Yes answered RQs/deception.

834. Anonymous. (1987). Zweifel an der nützlichkeit von lügendetektoren in den USA
          (Doubts in the USA about the usefulness of lie detectors). Berliner Morgenpost,
          Rec#: 7345
          Keywords: heart rate/GSR/Office of Technology Assessment/detection of
          deception/irrelevants/countermeasures.
          Notes: [Text in German; English translation avalable].

835. Abbell, M. (1977). Polygraph evidence: The case against admissibility in federal
            criminal trials. The American Criminal Law Review, 15, 29-62.
            Rec#: 3
            Keywords: admissibility-federal-criminal cases/law-criminal/stipulated
            examinations-criminal cases.

836. Abeles, N. (1986). Proceedings of the American Psychological Association,
            Incorporated, for the year 1985: Minutes of the annual meeting of the Council of
            Representatives August 22 and 25, 1985, Los Angeles, California, and January
            31-February 2, 1986, Washington, D.C. American Psychologist, 41, 633-663.
            Rec#: 9214
            Keywords: criticism.
            Notes: p. 659-660, policy position of the use of polygraph test.
            Abstract: Presents the official record of actions of the American Psychological
            Association (APA) taken during the year by both the Board of Directors and the
            Council of Representatives. Actions in the following areas are outlined: minutes
             of meetings in 1985-1986; elections, awards, membership, and human resources;
             ethics; the psychology defense fund; development program; education and
             credentialing; public affairs; insurance issues; legal and legislative issues and
             functions; divisions; state associations; structure of the APA; liaison/participant
             system; council procedures; publications and communications; convention
             affairs; educational affairs, including accreditations, continuing education,
             undergraduate curriculum, psychology in secondary schools, and national
             conference on issues of graduate education; professional affairs, including peer
             review, advocacy, practitioner policy, and changes in the Committee on
             APA/State Association Relations; scientific affairs, including animal research, test
             issues, a chief scientific advisor, and a traveling psychology exhibition; social
             and ethical responsibility, including proposals on the elimination of boxing,
             acquired immune deficiency syndrome, polygraph testing, and the establishment
             of a committee on children, youth, and families; ethnic minority affairs;
             international affairs; central office; financial affairs; and communications
             concerning outside organizations.

837. Abelson, D., & Meyer, V. (1971). A Dopplercardiometer with electronic gate.
           Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences, 33, 564-575.
           Rec#: 9445
           Keywords: instruments-Doppler cardiometer/blood flow .
           Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 2(4), 357.

838. Aberth, J. (1986). Pre-employment testing is losing favor. Personnel Journal , 65,
            96, 98, 101-102, 104.
            Rec#: 9215
            Keywords: preemployment screening.
            Abstract: Describes American Management Association survey findings with
            regard to the uses of pre-employment testing, as reported by 7,000 US human
            resource managers. Results show that most Ss did not test at all, and the average
            financial investment of those who did was $400. Psychological and job-skill
            tests comprised most of the testing still used, although there were indications of
            dissatisfaction with psychological tests. After psychological tests, job skills were
            the next most frequently used tests, followed by behavior simulation (recreation
            of the environment in which the candidate will work), and polygraphs. Testing
            distribution varied widely with regard to position, with high incidences among
            computer programmers, accountants, and human resources specialists and
            lower-level positions. Psychological testing was especially popular with
            high-level positions. Financial officers and sales managers received the most
            polygraph testing, whereas plant personnel managers and telemarketing managers
            underwent the most behavior simulation. Diversified conglomerates and
            government/military bureaus were the biggest users of job-skills testing. There
            was no correlation between testing and organization size, but smaller companies
            reported their intent to spend less on programs already in place.

839. Abrams, S. (2001). Statistics and other lies. Polygraph, 30, 29-36.
           Rec#: 7347
             Keywords: false negative/directed lie/deception/confessions.

840. Abrams, S., & Simmons, G. (2000). Post-conviction polygraph testing: Then and now.
           Polygraph, 29, 63-69.
           Rec#: 4595
           Keywords: post-conviction sex offender testing.
           Abstract: This paper consists of a brief review of the history of post-conviction
           sex abuser testing, a survey of the use of this procedure throughout the United
           States and some recommendations that should enhance the validity of these
           approaches.

841. Abrams, S. (1988). Benefits of polygraphs for child molesters on probation. NDAA
           Bulletin, 7, 3
           Rec#: 641
           Keywords: applications-probation/subjects-child
           molesters/subjects-pedophiles/Abrams, Stanley/National District Attorneys
           Association/applications-sex offenders.
           Notes: Review in APA Newsletter (1988), 21(4).

842. Abrams, S. (1981). A case of multiple personality. Polygraph, 10, 212-215.
           Rec#: 6759
           Keywords: cases-embezzlement/personality/amnesia.

843. Abrams, S. (1989). The complete polygraph handbook. Lexington, MA: Lexington
           Books.
           Rec#: 35
           Keywords: history/psychophysiology-polygraph
           theory/instrumentation/techniques/validity/reliability.

844. Abrams, S. (1976). The control question: A technique for effective introduction.
           Polygraph, 5, 290-292.
           Rec#: 24
           Keywords: question formulation-control questions/theory-control questions.

845. Abrams, S. (1991). The directed lie control question. Polygraph, 20, 26-31.
           Rec#: 37
           Keywords: directed lie/control questions.

846. Abrams, S. (1995). False memory syndrome vs. total repression: Only polygraphy can
           know. Journal of Psychiatry and Law, 23, 283-293.
           Rec#: 5248
           Keywords: false memory/repressed memory/sex offenders/child sexual abuse.
           Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 24(4), 297-301.

847. Abrams, S. (1987). The heart rate monitor. Polygraph Update, 4, 1-2.
           Rec#: 9669
           Keywords: heart rate monitor/GSR.
848. Abrams, S. (1972). On the side of truth: APA discusses the polygraph, history and
           techniques. Part I. Security World, 9, 20-29.
           Rec#: 8
           Keywords: polygraph-general.
           Notes: J. Kirk Barefoot, Ed.

849. Anonymous. Paper by Stanley Abrams. ed. 1995 Aug 13-1995 Aug 18;
          Rec#: 9072
          Keywords: applications-professional boards/false memory/repressed
          memory/false positive/control questions-child sexual
          abuse/preclusions/inclusions/applications-sex offenders.
          Abstract: I. Testing for Professional Boards II. False Memory Syndrome Versus
          Repressed Memory
          III. The Evidence Form Test IV. Psychological Set V. False Positives VI.
          Preclusions and Inclusions to Polygraph Testing VII. Sex Abuse Testing
          Today.

850. Abrams, S. (1984). The penile plethysmograph: A new transducer used for detection
           and therapy with sexual deviation cases. Polygraph, 13, 198-201.
           Rec#: 33
           Keywords: plethysmograph-penile/applications-sex offenders.

851. Abrams, S. (1976). The physiological bases of polygraph transducers. Polygraph, 5,
           146-155.
           Rec#: 25
           Keywords: physiological measures/physiology.

852. Abrams, Stanley. The polygraph and the malingerer. nd.
           Rec#: 16
           Keywords: applications-malingering/subjects-malingerers.
           Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

853. Abrams, S. (1977). A polygraph handbook for attorneys. Lexington, MA: Lexington
           Books.
           Rec#: 26
           Keywords: history/psychophysiology-polygraph
           theory/theory/validity/techniques-zone comparison
           test/techniques-relevant-irrelevant/techniques-peak of tension/question
           formulation-relevant/question formulation-control questions/question
           formulation-irrelevants/test data analysis-numerical/reliability-test data
           analysis/research-laboratory/admissibility/courtroom testimony.

854. Abrams, S. (1973). The polygraph in a psychiatric setting. American Journal of
           Psychiatry, 130, 94-97.
           Rec#: 11
           Keywords: applications-psychiatry/research-psychiatry.
855. Abrams, S. (1973). The polygraph in Japan. Polygraph, 2, 36-41.
           Rec#: 12
           Keywords: Japan/instruments/admissibility/validity.

856. Abrams, Stanley. The polygraph: Laboratory vs. field research. nd.
           Rec#: 9
           Keywords: research-laboratory/research-field.
           Notes: Published in Polygraph, 1(3), 145-150.

857. Abrams, Stanley. The polygraph (lie detector). nd.
           Rec#: 19
           Keywords: polygraph-general.
           Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

858. Abrams, S. (1973). Polygraph validity and reliability: A review. Journal of Forensic
           Sciences, 18, 313-326.
           Rec#: 13
           Keywords: validity/reliability/bibliographies.

859. Abrams, S. (2000). Polygraph validity in the new millennium. Polygraph, 29,
           344-356.
           Rec#: 7332
           Keywords: 3-position scale/7-position scale/reliability/validity.
           Abstract: This is an investigation into various aspects of polygraph validity and
           reliability that can be divided into five segments. The major portion of this paper
           deals with evaluation of 10 confirmed truthful and deceptive single-issue
           computerized polygraph charts that were blind scored independently by two
           polygraphists.

860. Abrams, S. E.J. Imwinkelried. (1981). Polygraphy. 2nd ed, New York: Practicing
           Law Institute. 755-804 p.
           Rec#: 31
           Keywords: admissibility-scientific evidence/research-validity.
           Abstract: Of all the techniques attempted to determine truth of deception, only
           polygraphy has stood the test of time. Polygraphy use is increasing in courts, and
           in many jurisdictions, the testimony of polygraphists is routinely admitted on a
           stipulated basis. Attorneys are also relying more heavily upon polygraphy in
           both criminal and civil cases. Since no one of the theories advanced to explain
           the effectiveness of the polygraph technique is adequate in itself to explain lie
           detection in the varying situations, it must be assumed that there is no one
           explanation. For laboratory research, generalized excitement may be the main
           factor, while in field investigations, it may be fear of the consequences. The
           polygraph mechanism measures physiologic changes in the subject during the
           testing but does not deduce deception. The polygraphist infers deception from
           the measurements of the polygraph under the assumption that the physiological
           responses result from fear reactions associated with deception. The effectiveness
           of the polygraph depends on the physical, mental, and emotional state of the
             subject; the instrument being used; the testing environment; and the expertise of
             the polygraphist. The polygraph procedure consists of the distinct phases of data
             gathering, pretest interview, testing, and the posttest interrogations. Of all the
             field validity studies reported, only one has demonstrated a low level of accuracy
             for the polygraph. Reliability studies have been conducted much less frequently
             than validity studies, but the findings tend to be consistently high. Laboratory
             settings have demonstrated that polygraph accuracy can be greatly reduced when
             the subject presses his/her toes against the floor, engages in exciting fantasies, or
             has been subjected to hypnotic suggestions. It can be expected that more courts
             will admit polygraph testimony over objection and that there will be a continuing
             trend to make use of this procedure in a wider variety of cases. A total of 100
             footnotes are provided.

861. Abrams, S. (1991). Polygraphy: A new beginning. Polygraph, 20, 204-213.
           Rec#: 6259
           Keywords: probation supervision/sex offenders.

862. Abrams, S. (1977). Polygraphy today. The National Journal of Criminal Defense, 3,
           85-106.
           Rec#: 27
           Keywords: admissibility.

863. Abrams, S. (1989). Probation polygraph surveillance of child abusers. The Prosecutor,
           22, 29-35.
           Rec#: 6742
           Keywords: child sexual abuse/sex offenders/probation/validity.

864. Abrams, S. (1973). Problems in interpreting polygraph examinations of malingerers.
           Polygraph, 2, 234-238.
           Rec#: 14
           Keywords: applications-malingering/test data
           analysis/countermeasures/malingering.

865. Abrams, S. (1974). The psychological basis of polygraph technique. Polygraph, 3,
           377-380.
           Rec#: 17
           Keywords: psychophysiology-polygraph theory/theory.

866. Abrams, S. (1984). The question of the intent question. Polygraph, 13, 326-332.
           Rec#: 34
           Keywords: question formulation-intent questions.

867. Abrams, S. (1999). A response to Honts on the issue of the discussion of questions
           between charts. Polygraph, 28, 223-228.
           Rec#: 1841
           Keywords: directed lie .

868. Abrams, S. (1975). A response to Lykken on the polygraph. American Psychologist,
             30, 709-711.
             Rec#: 20
             Keywords: polygraph theory.
             Notes: Response to Lykken's article, see P 3547. Lykken replies P 3552.

869. Abrams, S. (1992). A response to Wygant's critique of the discovery test. Polygraph,
           21, 248-253.
           Rec#: 4
           Keywords: discovery test/Wygant, James.

870. Abrams, S. (1974). [Review of the book Drive reduction and radical behavioris]       .
           Polygraph, 3, 343
           Rec#: 15
           Keywords: book reviews.

871. Abrams, S. (1999). The role of polygraphy with the professional board. Polygraph,
           28, 300-303.
           Rec#: 6693
           Keywords: applications-professional boards/exculpatory tests .

872. Abrams, Stanley. The "stim test" and its effectiveness. nd.
           Rec#: 9128
           Keywords: stimulation tests.
           Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

873. Abrams, S. (1977). A survey of attitudes on the guilt complex technique. Polygraph,
           6, 123-124.
           Rec#: 28
           Keywords: question formulation-guilt complex /surveys-examiners.

874. Abrams, S. (1975). Techniques for the expert witness. Polygraph, 4, 1-6.
           Rec#: 22
           Keywords: courtroom testimony.

875. Abrams, S. (1980). An update: Hypnosis and its relationship to polygraphy. Polygraph
           Update, 1, 1
           Rec#: 30
           Keywords: countermeasures-hypnosis/hypnosis.

876. Abrams, S. (1978). The utilization and effectiveness of the stimulation test. Polygraph,
           7, 178-181.
           Rec#: 29
           Keywords: stimulation tests.

877. Abrams, S. (1972). Validity of the polygraph: A bibliography. Polygraph, 1, 97-101.
           Rec#: 10
           Keywords: bibliographies/validity-bibliographies.
878. Abrams, S. (1975). The validity of the polygraph technique with children. Journal of
           Police Science and Administration, 3, 310-311.
           Rec#: 23
           Keywords: validity/children.
           Notes: Abstract in Polygraph, 23 (1), 115-116.

879. Abrams, S. (1974). The validity of the polygraph with schizophrenics. Polygraph, 3,
           328-337.
           Rec#: 18
           Keywords: schizophrenia/validity.

880. Abrams, S., & Abrams, J.B. (1993). Polygraph testing of the pedophile. Portland, OR:
           Ryan Gwinner Press.
           Rec#: 5
           Keywords: child sexual abuse.

881. Abrams, S., Barefoot, J.K., Marcy, L.P., Weir, R.J., Zimmerman, C.H., & Zonn, L.M.
           J.K. Barefoot. (1974). Revised 3rd printing ed, Linthicum Heights, MD:
           American Polygraph Association. 34 p.
           Rec#: 515
           Keywords: polygraph-general/labor
           relations/techniques-general/licensing/American Polygraph Association/law labor
           rights.

882. Abrams, S., & Davidson, M. (1988). Counter-countermeasures in polygraph testing.
           Polygraph, 17, 16-20.
           Rec#: 38
           Keywords: countermeasures-movement/movement bar.
           Abstract: Three subjects, a male and two females, each performed 23 physical
           movements at the instruction of the researcher in the course of a polygraph
           examination. A Lafayette four-pen amplified polygraph instrument with an
           activity sensor was used. The activity sensor consists of a 28-inch metal strip
           placed beneath the fron two legs of the subject's chair while plugged into the
           auxiliary input of the multifunction amplifier of the polygraph. The weight of
           the subject slightly bends the sensor, and any change in the subject's weight
           distribution alters the bend in the sensor to produce a continuous tracing that can
           be compared with the other polygraph tracings to inform the polygrapher if and
           when a movement has occurred. The subjects' every movement resulted in a
           change in the tracings in at least one of the three measures being used. Findings
           indicate that a sophisticated subject could create reactions on the control questions
           that would greater than responses to the relevant items. The activity sensor
           detected 92 percent of the movements, suggesting that it can be effectively used to
           detect subjects' muscular movements designed to undermine polygraph accuracy.

883. Abrams, S., Hoyt, D., & Jewell, C. (1991). The effectiveness of the disclosure test with
           sex abusers of children. Polygraph, 20, 197-203.
           Rec#: 6
             Keywords: applications-child sexual abuse/disclosure test.

884. Abrams, S., Marcy, L.P., Weir, R.J., Zimmerman, C.H., & Zonn, L.M. (1972). APA
           reviews the polygraph, employees and unions. Security World, 9, 48-52.
           Rec#: 7
           Keywords: American Polygraph Association/screening-commercial-general.

885. Abrams, S., Marcy, L.P., Weir, R.J., Jr., Zimmerman, C.H., & Zonn, L.M. (1972). On
           the side of truth: APA discusses the polygraph, examiner and test. Part II.
           Security World, 50-52, 54, 56, 59-60.
           Rec#: 9217
           Keywords: applications-commercial/applications-law
           enforcement/applications-federal/techniques-general/pretest interview/post-test.

886. Abrams, S., & Ogard, E. (1986). Polygraph surveillance of probationers. Polygraph,
           15, 174-182.
           Rec#: 39
           Keywords: applications-probation.

887. Abrams, S., & Weinstein, E. (1974). The validity of the polygraph with retardates.
           Journal of Police Science and Administration, 2, 11-14.
           Rec#: 40
           Keywords: validity/retardates/subjects.

888. Abramson, G.A. (1985). To catch a thief.... Baltimore Labor, 54
           Rec#: 41
           Keywords: legislation-state/Maryland/screening-commercial-favorable.

889. Abzug, B.S. S.o.D. the Honorable Donald H. Rumsfeld. (Jan 29 1976).
           Rec#: 45
           Keywords: applications-counterintelligence/Department of
           Defense/legislation-federal.

890. Abzug, B.S. (1976). Ban on polygraphs introduced. Congressional Record , 122,
           3346-3349.
           Rec#: 46
           Keywords: legislation-federal/screening-government.
           Notes: 94th Congress, Second Session.

891. Anonymous. Testimony of Bella S. Abzug . ed.          Washington, DC: GPO.
          Rec#: 44
          Keywords: law-federal/legislation-federal.

892. Ackerman, B.P. (1981). Young children's understanding of a speaker's intentional use of
           a false utterance. Developmental Psychology, 17, 472-480.
           Rec#: 48
           Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception-children/psychology-cognitive.
893. Adachi, K. (1989). Discriminant functions based on medels for randomized block
           design for detection of deception. Scientific Police Research Institute Report,
           42, 24-31.
           Rec#: 9672
           Keywords: deception/GKT.
           Abstract: Studies the statistical methods for examining weights in physiological
           responses which minimize false negative rate in guilty knowledge test (GKT).
           Three kinds of discriminant functions based on linear models for the randomized
           block design were used. They were assessed, along with usual discriminant
           function and simple summation score, in validity using seven response variables
           of GKT.

894. Adachi, K. (1995). Statistical classification procedures for polygraph tests of guilty
           knowledge. Behaviormetrika, 22, 49-66.
           Rec#: 2868
           Keywords: physiological responses/interrogation/Guilty knowledge
           test/GKT/statistical analysis/detection of deception/discriminant analysis.
           Abstract: Presents statistical procedures for classifying records of
           psychophysiological responses obtained in the guilty knowledge polygraph tests.
           The procedures to be presented are divided into a within-subject approach and a
           training-data approach. In the former approach, the classification is made using
           only the record to be classified, whereas in the latter the rule for the classification
           is derived using training data. Procedures were evaluated with records obtained in
           an experiment. The major result was that both the approaches yielded almost 80%
           correct classifications for the records containing a sufficient number of
           observations, but the within-subject approach became inaccurate for the records
           with few observations in contrast to the training data approach showing stable
           outcomes. It was also shown that the statistical procedures were superior to the
           diagnostic procedure relying on human interpretations of the records.

895. Adachi, K., & Suzuki, A. (1995). An application of neural network classifier to
           polygraph test. Reports of the National Research Institute of Police Science,
           48, 36-39.
           Rec#: 9447
           Keywords: neural network classifier.
           Notes: Text in Japanese with English abstract.

896. Adachi, K., & Suzuki, A. (1992). A computer-based system for objective diagnosis in
           polygraph test. Reports of the National Research Institute of Police Science,
           45, 1-7.
           Rec#: 7157
           Keywords: GKT/algorithm/Accuracy/validity.
           Notes: Text in Japanese with English abstract.

897. Adachi, K., & Suzuki, A. (1990). Correlation structure among response measures in
           detection of deception. Reports of the National Research Institute of Police
           Science, 43, 13-16.
             Rec#: 49
             Keywords: physiological responses/electrodermal/heart rate.
             Notes: Text in Japanese, English text available.

898. Adachi, K., & Suzuki, A. (1991). Hanbetsu kansu no kincho saikoten shiteumonho e no
           tekiyo [An application of discriminant function for guilty knowledge test].
           Reports of the National Research Institute of Police Science, 44, 139-141.
           Rec#: 2144
           Keywords: techniques-guilty knowledge test/GKT/discriminant function.
           Abstract: Forty-eight college students divided into criminal (a mock theft; C) and
           an innocent (l) groups were given guilty knowledge test questionnaires. Optimal
           weights were determined using discriminant analysis.

899. Adachi, K., & Suzuki, A. (1994). A statistical diagnosis algorithm for polygraph test
           using training data. Reports of the National Research Institute of Police Science,
           47, 9-16.
           Rec#: 9449
           Keywords: algorithm/test data analysis/training data/guilty knowledge.
           Notes: Text in Japanese with English abstract.

900. Adachi, K., & Yamaoka, K. (1985). Shitsumon komokukan no hiruijisei ga joho no
           sainin oyobi kyogi kenshutsu ni oyobosu koka [Effects of dissimilarity among
           questions of recognition for information and detection of deception]. Scientific
           Police Research Institute Report, 38, 14-20.
           Rec#: 1253
           Keywords: POT/detection of deception/electrodermal.
           Abstract: Studies the effects of similarity or dissimilarity among items in POT'S
           questionnaires on detection efficiency of deception through recognition for quilty
           information by subject. Critical items in both questionnaires, "similar and
           dissimilar" are identical. Following a mick crime, electrodermal detection of
           deception and recognition test for the critical items were administered to subject
           by presentation of either similar or dissimilar questionnaire.

901. Adams, C. (1986). Polygraph: Criminal Investigation Command does "whodunit"
           testing. Pentagram,
           Rec#: 50
           Keywords: applications-criminal investigations/U.S. Army-Criminal Investigation
           Command.

902. Adams, C. (1986). Polygraph: When the body tells what the tongue won't disclose.
           Stripe, 11
           Rec#: 51
           Keywords: applications-criminal investigations/U.S. Army-Criminal Investigation
           Command.

903. Adams, S.H. (1996). Statement Analysis: What do suspects' words really reveal? FBI
           Law Enforcement Bulletin, 65, 12-20.
             Rec#: 7712
             Keywords: Susan Smith case/confessions/interviewing.

904. Adams, Thomas. An introduction to a rationale for polygraph interpretation. 81.
           Rec#: 54
           Keywords: electrodermal-physiology/physiology/theory-physiological.
           Notes: Paper presented at the 11th Annual National Workshop on Practical
           Polygraph Procedures, Delta College, University Center, Michigan.

905. Adams, T. (1982). A neurophysiological review and a proposed rationale for
           intrepreting electrodermal polygraph records. Polygraph, 11, 285-303.
           Rec#: 55
           Keywords: electrodermal-physiology/physiology-polygraph
           theory/psychophysiology/theory-physiological.

906. Adams, Thomas. The physiological basis for skin electrical properties. 80.
           Rec#: 53
           Keywords: electrodermal-physiology/physiology-electrodermal.
           Notes: Paper presented at the 10th Annual Practical Polygraph Workshop, Delta
           College, University Center, MI.

907. Adams, T.F. R. Marks & P.A. Payne. (1980). Effect of epidermal hydration and
           osmolarity on skin phenomena. MGS Press, Ltd. 52-64 p. 2.
           Rec#: 6388
           Keywords: skin-hydration/osmolarity.

908. Adams, T.F. R. Marks & P.A. Payne. (1981). Epidermal water and electrolyte content
           and the thermal, electrical and mechanical properties of skin. MGS Press, Ltd.
           Rec#: 6390
           Keywords: skin/water content/electrolytes/thermal properties/electrodermal.

909. Adams, T.F. (1965). Field preparations for the polygraph. Police, 9, 17-19.
           Rec#: 58
           Keywords: pretest preparation.

910. Adams, T.F. (1965). Human eccrine sweat gland activity and palmar electrical skin
           resistance. Journal of Applied Physiology, 20, 980-983.
           Rec#: 6391
           Keywords: electrodermal-skin resistance response-palmar/sweat gland
           activity-eccrine.

911. Adams, T.F. (1963). Interview and interrogation. Police, 8, 50-53.
           Rec#: 57
           Keywords: interrogation.

912. Adams, T.F. (1961). Legal aspects of the polygraph. Police, 6, 52-58.
           Rec#: 56
           Keywords: admissibility-criminal cases.
913. Adams, Thomas F. Physiological basis for skin properties in palpatory physical
           diagnosis. nd.
           Rec#: 6392
           Keywords: skin-palpation/physical diagnosis.
           Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

914. Adamson, J. (1970). The polygraph or lie detector. The Australian Police Journal,
          19-26.
          Rec#: 59
          Keywords: polygraph-general/Australia.

915. Adang, S.R. (1995). The use of the polygraph with children. Polygraph , 24,
           259-274.
           Rec#: 7044
           Keywords: applications-juveniles/law-child abuse.

916. Addison, Millard E. Question formulation principles. 76.
           Rec#: 61
           Keywords: question formulation-principles.
           Notes: Paper presented at the Annual Seminar of the American Polygraph
           Association, New Orleans, LA.

917. Addison, Millard E. and Jones, J. Hilton. Non-verbal communication. 79.
           Rec#: 62
           Keywords: interrogation/nonverbal detection of deception/Naval Investigative
           Service/kinesic interview techniques.
           Notes: Paper presented at the Ninth Annual Seminar of the Maryland Polygraph
           Association, Anne Arundel Community College, Arnold, MD.

918. Adelman, R.M., & Howard, A. (1984). Expert testimony on malingering: The
           admissibility of clinical procedures for the detection of deception. Behavioral
           Sciences & the Law, 2, 5-20.
           Rec#: 63
           Keywords: admissibility-expert
           testimony/applications-malingering/subjects-malingerers/narcoanalysis/personalit
           y variables-MMPI/MMPI/hypnosis-malingerers.

919. Adkins, T.E. (1987). Informant polygraph testing. Polygraph, 16, 106-115.
           Rec#: 64
           Keywords: applications-informants/question
           formulation-relevants-informants/subjects-informants/techniques-selection.
           Abstract: There are two categories of informants: the one-time informant and the
           informant who regularly provides information to police. A one-time informant
           may provide important information which must be immediately verified due to
           time constraints. The reliability of the information may also be crucial in
           determining whether to commit investigative resources, and confirmation by other
           means than the polygraph may jeopardize an investigation. The polygraph can
             be helpful in determining what the informant knows and has observed or heard.
             In the case of regular informants, it is imiportant to determine their claims of
             access to important information, such as the claim of a close relationship with the
             potential subject of an investigation. The polygraph can be helpful in
             determining what the informant knows ahd has observed or heard. In the case of
             regular informants, it is important to determine their claims of access to important
             information, such as the claim of a close relationship with the potential subject of
             an investigation. The polygraph examination can also determine whether an
             informant correctly performed departmental instructions and has kept his/her
             informant status confidential. Informants may be periodically examined for
             security purposes. The informant should not be treated as a suspect, and the
             examiner must be careful not to jeopardize the relationship between the informant
             and the officer handling the informant. Probable-lie control question tests are the
             tests most widely used by Federal and police examiners, but the
             relevant/irrelevant test eliminates problems associated with the aforementioned
             teset. The directed-lie control question test was developed by a Federal agency
             with an informant testing program for the specific purpose of testing informants.

920. Adler, Herman M. and Larson, John A. Deception and self-deception. 27.
            Rec#: 65
            Keywords: historical interest-cases/historical interest-instruments/historical
            interest-techniques.
            Notes: Paper presented before the American Neurological Association, Atlantic
            City, NJ.

921. Adler, H.M., & Larson, J.A. (1928). Deception and self-deception. Journal of
            Abnormal and Social Psychology, 22, 364-371.
            Rec#: 66
            Keywords: historical interest-cases/historical interest-techniques/historical
            interest-instruments.

922. AFL-CIO. Anonymous. AFL-CIO Maritime Trades Department . (1970 Feb 12).
          Rec#: 76
          Keywords: screening-commercial-opposed/criticism-civil
          rights/screening-commercial-unions.
          Notes: First in a series of reports on invasion of privacy in America.

923. Aftergood, S. (2000). Polygraph testing and DOE National Laboratories. Science,
            290, 939-940.
            Rec#: 6393
            Keywords:
            screening-employment/counterintelligence/respiration/cardiovascular/skin
            conductance/post test/interviews/deception/leaks.

924. Agee, P. Anonymous. (1975).       New York: Stonehill Publishing Company. 10-17, 29,
            47-50 p.
            Rec#: 78
             Keywords: applications-counterintelligence/screening-CIA/Central Intelligence
             Agency.
             Notes: Reprinted New York: Bantam, 1976.

925. Ahern, James D. Individuals who have failed urinalysis drug tests. 86.
            Rec#: 6394
            Keywords: drug screening.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

926. Albanese, J.S. (1984). Justice, privacy and crime control. Lanham, MD: University
           Press of America.
           Rec#: 79
           Keywords: criticism-privacy/law-constitutional rights.

927. Albrecht, Heinz. The ethical principle in lie detection. 61.
            Rec#: 81
            Keywords: narcoanalysis-admissibility/admissibility-criminal
            cases/ethics/Germany.

928. Albrecht, H. (1960). Lie detection in Germany. Newsletter of the Academy for
            Scientific Interrogation, 1-2.
            Rec#: 80
            Keywords: Germany.

929. Albright, A. (1985). A life could have been saved. APA Newsletter, 18, 21
            Rec#: 84
            Keywords: cases-homicide.

930. Albright, A. (1982). The need for polygraph examinations in rape cases. APA
            Newsletter, 15, 14-15.
            Rec#: 82
            Keywords: cases-rape/applications-rape.

931. Albright, A. (1982). Surprise results in arson case. APA Newsletter, 15, 16
            Rec#: 83
            Keywords: cases-arson.

932. Albury, W.R. (1983). Lying and deception in science. Australian Journal of Forensic
            Sciences, 16, 26-33.
            Rec#: 86
            Keywords: lying-scientists.

933. Alderman, C., Jr. (1987). Remarks of the Honorable Craig Alderman, Jr., Deputy
           Undersecretary of Defense for Policy at the Defense Polygraph Institute. APA
           Newsletter, 20, 5-6.
           Rec#: 87
           Keywords: training-federal-examiners/training-schools/Department of Defense
           Polygraph Institute.
934. Aldrich, C.K. (1989). Psychiatric aspects of lying. American Journal of Psychiatry,
            146, 405
            Rec#: 9218
            Keywords: lying-psychiatric evaluation.
            Abstract: Comments that C. V. Ford et al (see PA, Vol 75:26669) did not discuss
            why patients lie instead of channeling their conflicts into other manifestations. A
            case study of a 21-yr-old female is presented to illustrate this component of
            acting-out behavior.

935. Aleksic, Z.L. Anonymous. (1972). Naucno Otkrivanje Zlocina [Scientific Crime
            Detection] . Belgrade: Yugoslav League of Bar Association. 275-301, 345 p.
            Rec#: 88
            Keywords: Yugoslavia/admissibility/cases/techniques-POT /validity/surveys.

936. Aleksic, Z.L. (1965). Primena nauchnih dostignuca kod licnih izvora dokaza u
            krivicnom postupku [The application of scientific innovations concerning
            personal sources of evidence in crimnal investigations]. Beograd: Institut Za
            Kriminoloska I Kriminalisticka istrazivanja.
            Rec#: 6260
            Keywords: Yugoslavia/dissertations and theses/truth serum/criminal
            investigations.
            Notes: Doctoral dissertation; [text in Serbo-Croatian].
            Abstract: The monograph is based on the author's revised doctoral dissertation
            concerning the application of technical accessories and techniques such as the
            magneto phone, tone filming, polygrpah (lie detector), and drugs in information
            and evidence gathering durng criminal investigations and/or prosecution. The
            text consists of an introduction and three chapters.

937. Alexander, A.A., Roessler, R., & Greenfield, N.S. (1963). Ego strength and
           physiological responsivity. Archives of General Psychiatry, 9, 142-145.
           Rec#: 6602
           Keywords: autonomic response/MMPI/EMG/heart rate.

938. Alexander, J. (1975). [Review of the book The Assassination Tapes]. Saturday
           Evening Post, 247, 6, 120.
           Rec#: 6438
           Keywords: Kennedy, John F./PSE/voice stress analysis/Warren Report/book
           reviews.

939. Alker, Henry A. Mystification and deception in Presidential press conferences. 76.
            Rec#: 89
            Keywords: research-content analysis/content analysis.
            Notes: Paper presented at the 84th Annual Convention of the American
            Psychological Association, Washington, DC.

940. Allen, D.F. (1983). The effects of suspiciousness on the performance of subjects
            forewarned about potential deception. Dissertation Abstracts International,
             43: (10-A). 3262
             Rec#: 94
             Keywords: theory-suspiciousness.
             Notes: (University Microfilms No. AAD83-00068), 150 p.

941. Allen, John. Memorandum for Dr. John F. Beary, Office of the Assistant Secretary of
             Defense, Health Affairs . 83.
             Rec#: 95
             Keywords: regulations-Department of Defense/screening-Department of
             Defense/Department of Defense.
             Notes: Comments on revised draft DoD 5210.48 and DoD draft regulation
             5210.48-12 .

942. Allen, John J. and Iacono, William G. Event-related potentials and implicit behavioral
             measure in the identification of concealed memories. 91.
             Rec#: 97
             Keywords: concealed information/event-related potentials/behavioral cues.
             Notes: Paper presented at the 31st annual meeting of the Society for
             Psychophysiological Research Chicago, IL. Abstracted in Psychophysiology,
             28(3A)(Supplement), S3.

943. Allen, J.J.B., & Iacono, W.G. (1997). A comparison of methods for the analysis of
             event-related potentials in deception detection. Psychophysiology, 34, 234-240.
             Rec#: 5223
             Keywords: ERP/ROC/P3/deception detection/memory.

944. Allen, J.J.B., & Movius, H.L.I. (2000). The objective assessment of amnesia in
             dissociative identity disorder using event-related potentials. International
             Journal of Psychophysiology, 38, 21-41.
             Rec#: 7195
             Keywords: amnesia/memory/dissociative identity disorder.
             Abstract: Assessment of amnesia in dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) typically
             relies on self-report, the veracity of which cannot often be independently verified.
             Memory in DID was therefore assessed using an objective method that involved
             event-related potentials (ERPs) as well as indirect behavioral measures of
             memory, and that provided statistically supported assessments for each
             participant.

945. Allen, J.J.I.W.G.D.K.D. (1992). The identification of concealed memories using the
             event-related potential and implicit behavioral measures: a methodology for
             prediction in the face of individual differences. Psychophysiology, 29, 504-522.
             Rec#: 96
             Keywords: event-related potentials/ERP.

946. Allen, Kelly M. and Gutman, Edward G. The polygraph and hypnotically induced
            repression and reinforcement. 77.
            Rec#: 98
             Keywords: hypnosis/research-hypnosis.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

947. Allen, R.E. (1939). Lie detector pays . American City, 54, 15
            Rec#: 99
            Keywords: historical interest-law enforcement/Ohio.

948. Allen, V.L., & Atkinson, M.L. (1981). Detection and perception of deception - The role
            of analysis of nonverbal behavior. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences,
            364, 279-290.
            Rec#: 100
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/research-nonverbal detection of
            deception.

949. Allmers, H.H., Jr. (1964). Creating proper environment improves polygraph
           examinations. Law and Order, 12, 66-68.
           Rec#: 102
           Keywords: testing environment.

950. Allmers, H.H., Jr. (1963). The role of the investigator in preparing for a polygraph
           examination. Law and Order, 12, 42-43.
           Rec#: 101
           Keywords: pretest preparation.

951. Alpern, D.M., Sandza, R., Walcott, J., & Willenson, K. (1985). CIA spy hunt: A
            defector's tale fuels a debate on counterintelligence. Newsweek, November 4,
            22-24.
            Rec#: 9675
            Keywords: counterintelligence/CIA.

952. Alpert, M., Kurtzeberg, R., & Friedhoff, A.J. (1963). Transient voice changes
             associated with emotional stimuli. Archives of General Psychiatry, 8, 362-365.
             Rec#: 6396
             Keywords: voice stress analysis/stimuli/emotion.

953. Alpher, V.S., & Blanton, R.L. (1985). The accuracy of lie detection: Why lie tests based
            on the polygraph should not be admitted into evidence today. Law and
            Psychology Review, 9, 67-75.
            Rec#: 104
            Keywords: ethics/criticism-law/admissibility-validity/criticism-validity.

954. Alsop, S. (1964). It's none of your lousy business. Saturday Evening Post, 237, 12
            Rec#: 6452
            Keywords: counterespionage/CIA/KGB.

955. Altarescu, H.S. (1973). Problems remaining for the "generally accepted" polygraph.
            Boston University Law Review, 53, 375-405.
            Rec#: 107
             Keywords: general
             acceptance/admissibility-unstipulated/admissibility-constitutional issues.

956. Altes, R.A., Redmond, G.F., & Connelly, S.F. Anonymous. ORINCON Corporation.
             (1985 Dec 20). OCR-85-U-0049,
             Rec#: 9676
             Keywords: speech content/infrared emission/peak of tension.
             Notes: Contract No. 83F802500. Final Report.

957. Altschule, M.D. (1951). Emotion and circulation. Circulation, 3, 444-454.
            Rec#: 9451
            Keywords: surveys/emotion/circulation.

958. Amato-Henderson, S.L. Anonymous. DoD Polygraph Institute. (1996 Aug).
           DoDPI97-R-0001,
           Rec#: 6679
           Keywords: forensic psychophysiology/concealed knowledge test/misinformation
           effect/memory impairment.
           Notes: DTICAD Number A321367.

959. Amato, S.L. (1993 Nov). A survey of members of the Society for Psychophysiological
           Research regarding the polygraph: opinions and implications.
           Rec#: 110
           Keywords: surveys-SPR/dissertations and theses.
           Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.
           Abstract: SPR members generally believe polygraph is useful. Similar to 1982
           Gallup Survey.

960. Amato, S.L., & Honts, C.R. Anonymous. (1993).
           Rec#: 109
           Keywords: surveys-SPR.
           Abstract: Of 135 SPR members responding, about 60% believe polygraph is a
           useful diagnostic tool when considered with other available information; about
           38% believe it is of questionable usefulness entitled to little weight. Among the
           45% of respondants considering themselves "informed" or "well informed" about
           PDD, the breakdown was 70% and 26%, respectively.

961. Amelang, M., & Rodel, G. (1970). Persönlichkeits- und einstellungskorrelate
           krimineller verhaltensweisen [Personality and attitudinal correlates of criminal
           behavior]. Psychologische Rundschau, 21, 157-179.
           Rec#: 8896
           Keywords: attitudes/personality.

962. Amelung, K. (1982). Die verwendung....[The use of a polygraph ("lie detector") as
           evidence in criminal trials is inadmissible even with the concurrance of the
           accused]. Neue Zeitschrift für Strafrecht, 1, 38-40.
           Rec#: 8895
              Keywords: admissibility-Germany/Germany.

963. American Bar Association. (1965). The polygraph [editorial]. ABA Journal, 51,
           Rec#: 111
           Keywords: examiners-competence.

964. American Medical Association Council on Scientific Affairs. (1986). Polygraph.
           Journal of the American Medical Association, 256, 1172-1175.
           Rec#: 2342
           Keywords: criticism/American Medical Association/AMA/research.
           Notes: John H. Moxley, Chairman; William R. Hendee, Secretary.
           Abstract: Lie detector tests, recording blood pressure, pulse, respirations, and
           galvanic skin resistance while questions are asked, have been offered in court as
           evidence since the 1920's. The courts have still not entirely accepted polygraph
           evidence. However, employers are using it for security clearance, screening,
           cheating, and determination of paternity. These uses have not been adequately
           studied, but the test is not yet reliable enough to be the sole arbiter of guilt or
           innocence in a criminal trial. It is no more accurate when applied to personnel
           screening. Though the polygraph can recognize guilty suspects with an accuracy
           that is better than chance, error rates of significant size are possible. Until testing
           and its scoring can be shown to be valid with a high level of predictability, the
           AMA should not support the polygraphy test in industry or in the Federal
           Government as a preemployment test.

965. American Polygraph Association. (1983). Manual for polygraph school inspections.
           Polygraph, 12, 91-143.
           Rec#: 114
           Keywords: American Polygraph Association/training-basic/ethics/school
           accreditation.

966. American Psychological Association. (1986). APA resolution says reliability of
           polygraph test "unsatisfactory." [APA press release].
           Rec#: 119
           Keywords: American Psychological Association/criticism-screening.
           Notes: 2 p.

967. American Psychological Association. (1975). Can the sane be distinguished from the
           insane? Polygraph, 4, 372-374.
           Rec#: 117
           Keywords: psychology-psychosis/subjects-psychotic/American Psychological
           Association.

968. American Psychological Association. (1976). Motives for drug use related to adverse
           reactions. Polygraph, 5, 331
           Rec#: 118
           Keywords: American Psychological Association/drugs/personality variables-drug
           use.
969. American Psychological Association. (1987). Polygraphs unsuitable for employment
           screening, APA tells Congress [press release].
           Rec#: 120
           Keywords: legislation-federal-screening/American Psychological
           Association/criticism-screening.
           Notes: 2 p.

970. American Psychological Association, Subcommittee on Methods of Lie Detection.
           (1946). [Report of the subcommittee]. American Journal of Psychology, 59,
           544-545.
           Rec#: 116
           Keywords: American Psychological Association/historical interest-psychology.

971. Anonymous. Statement concerning the Polygraph Protection Act of 1985 (Senate Bill S.
          1815) . ed. Washington, DC: GPO. 297-309p.
          Rec#: 122
          Keywords:
          legislation-federal-screening-ban/screening-commercial-legislation/American
          Society for Industrial Security.

972. Ames, F.R. (1953). Objective detection of lying. Journal of Forensic Medicine, 1,
           94-100.
           Rec#: 124
           Keywords: history.

973. Ames, M.P. (1977). Preparation of the expert witness. Trial , August, 20-28.
           Rec#: 9678
           Keywords: witnesses/eyewitness testimony.

974. Amsel, Tuvya. PSE-polygraph study: Psychological stress evaluation compared to
            polygraph validity as a lie detector. 79.
            Rec#: 126
            Keywords: research-voice stress analysis/PSE-correlation to
            polygraph/reliability-PSE to polygraph.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript, Zarynoff & Co. Atlanta, Georgia; study
            performed in Tel-Aviv, Israel .

975. Amsel, T.T. (1999). Exclusive or nonexclusive comparison questions: A comparative
            field study. Polygraph, 28, 273-283.
            Rec#: 6774
            Keywords: ZCT/physiological responses/comparison questions-exclusive /field
            study.

976. Amsel, T.T. (1997). Fear of consequences and motivation as influencing factors in the
            psychophysiological detection of deception. Polygraph, 26, 255-267.
            Rec#: 6773
            Keywords: psychophysiological responses/detection of deception.
977. Andanoff, J.C., Furedy, J.J., & Heslegrave, R.J. (1995). Electrodermal detection of
           deception as a function of method acting on temporal sequencing of events.
           Psychophysiology, 32, S16
           Rec#: 9136
           Keywords: electrodermal/method acting.
           Notes: [abstract].
           Abstract: The Toronto laboratory has recently been assessing a role-playing
           laboratory Guilty Knowledge Test analogue in which subjects are taken through
           an imaginary house break-in through one (e.g., kitchen) of five PLACEs, and
           choose to take one (e.g., wallet) of five ITEMs. Questions are then delivered by
           computer (to reduce examiner bias) about the PLACEs and ITEMs, and
           electrodermal detection is assessed by the degree to which skin-conductance
           responses to critical questions (the PLACE entered and the ITEM taken) exceed
           those to control questions. In this study, half of 32 subject were given
           method-acting instructions, while the remainder were given standard instructions.
           Another between-subject manipulation was whether the questions were asked in a
           temporally-consistent (PLACEs questions first) or inconsistent (ITEMs questions
           first) order. In general, the detection effect (critical>control) emerged reliably,
           p<.01. However, an interaction occurred between method acting and temporal
           sequencing, with method acting leading to reduced electrodermal responding
           during temporally-inconsistent questioning, and enhanced responding during
           temporally-consistent questioning. In addition, the combination of inconsistent
           questioning and method acting eliminated the detection-of-deception effect.
           Finally, a subjective measure of emotional involvement suggested that those
           subjects who reported less emotional involvement yielded a greater detection
           effect. These counter-intuitive effects of manipulated and measured emotional
           involvement reinforce the necessity of relying on empirical data for testing our
           intuitions.

978. Anderson, D.E., Ansfield, M.E., & DePaulo, B.M. (1999). Love's best habit:
           Deception in the context of relationships. In P. Philippot, R.S. Feldman, & E.J.
           Coats (Eds.), The social context of nonverbal behavior. (pp. 372-409). Paris:
           Cambridge University Press.
           Rec#: 6023
           Keywords: deception/nonverbal-communication.
           Abstract: (Chapter 14) Examines the social context of deception, particularly its
           detection within the context of relationships, intimate and otherwise. The authors
           review the available research on this subject, examining the various motivations,
           both of the liar and of the target of deception, that may improve or undermine
           accuracy at detecting deception. In addition, they explore why deception may
           occur in relationships, and how it may, at times, help preserve a relationship when
           the truth might threaten it.///The relationship between deception and cues found in
           nonverbal behavior, types of lies, familiarity and deception detection accuracy,
           evidence pertinent to the link between closeness and truth bias, and the
           consequences of deception are discussed.

979. Anderson, L. (1997). Everything you wanted to know about sex offender polygraph
             examinations. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 31,
             Rec#: 5319
             Keywords: sex offenders/blood pressure/criminal trials/accuracy/lying.

980. Anderson, L., Arther, R., & Arther, C. (1995). Conducting sex-offender polygraph
           examinations: part one. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 29,
           Rec#: 5664
           Keywords: sex offenders/probation/pretest interview.

981. Anderson, L., Arther, R., & Arther, C. (1995). Conducting sex-offender polygraph
           examinations: part two. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 30,
           Rec#: 5666
           Keywords: sex offenders/probation/pretest interview.

982. Anderson, M.C. (1991). The role of forensic psychophysiology in our future concept of
           security. Polygraph, 20, 181-186.
           Rec#: 132
           Keywords: Department of Defense Polygraph Institute.

983. Anderson, N.B. (1989). Racial differences in stress-induced cardiovascular reactivity
           and hypertension: Current status and substantive issues. Psychological Bulletin,
           105, 89-105.
           Rec#: 9219
           Keywords: hypertension/cardiovascular reactivity-stress
           induced/demographics/race.

984. Anderson, W.B. (1997). Chinese torture of Tibetans, was it true? Polygraph, 26,
           280-286.
           Rec#: 6775
           Keywords: victims/witnesses/polygraph general/China.
           Abstract: An experienced polygraph examiner is sent to India by the Philadelphia
           Inquirer to test 24 Tibetan refugees to determine if these witness/victim/sources
           were truthful in their statemenets of severe torture, and death by Chinese officials
           of Tibetan independence activists.

985. Anderson, W.B. (1999). Memory, reason, emotion, anatomy and the polygraph the
           mind-body link offered by neurobiology and related sciences. Polygraph, 28,
           259-262.
           Rec#: 6778
           Keywords: testifying-memory/testimony-eyewitness/emotion.

986. Andreassi, J.L. Anonymous. (1995). 3rd ed, Hillsdale, N. J.: Lawrence Erlbaum
           Associates.
           Rec#: 7513
           Keywords: validity-surveys.
           Notes: Chapter 14: Applied Psychophysiology. Contains detection of
           deception.
987. Andreassi, J.L. Anonymous. (1980). New York: Oxford University Press.
           Rec#: 133
           Keywords: validity-surveys.
           Notes: Chapter 13: Applications of Physiological Measures to Practical
           Problems contains detection of deception.

988. Andreassi, J.L. Anonymous. (1989). 2nd ed. ed, Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum
           Associates.
           Rec#: 134
           Keywords: validity-surveys.
           Notes: Chapter 13: Applications of Physiological Measures to Practical
           Problems contains detection of deception.

989. Andrews, E. (1986). Polygraph tests now an issue. Restaurant Business, October 10,
           Rec#: 9679
           Keywords: Accuracy/theft-employees/discriminant analysis.

990. Andrews, L.B. (1983). How lie detectors lie. Parents, March, 26-31.
           Rec#: 9680
           Keywords: applications/preemployment screening/psychological stress
           evaluator/credibility assessment.

991. Angoff, W.H. (1974). The development of statistical indices for detecting cheaters.
           Journal of the American Statistical Association, 69, 44-49.
           Rec#: 136
           Keywords: research-psychology/content analysis/cheating-detection.

992. Angus, J.E., & Castelaz, P.F. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute.
            (1993 Oct). DoDPI93-R-0010,
            Rec#: 137
            Keywords: artificial neural networks/ANN/signal processing/algorithms.
            Notes: DTIC AD Number A305751.
            Abstract: The purpose of this research was to investigate the use of artificial
            neural networks (ANN) in classifying psychophysiological detection of deception
            (PDD) examinations as deceptive or non-deceptive. ANNs are mathematical
            models of the computing architecture of the human brain. An ANN was
            designed to accept all four signals (galvanic skin resistance, cardiovascular
            activity, thoracic respiration and abdominal respiration) from the polygraph
            output in their entirety. The PDD data used in the study consisted of confirmed
            Zone Comparison Technique (ZCT) examinations of 56 subjects, of which only
            15 were non-deceptive. The ANN application resulted in an 87% correct
            classification of non-deceptive subjects and a 95% correct classification of
            deceptive subjects. The misclassifications were evenly split: 2 misclassified
            deceptives (out of 41) and 2 misclassified non-deceptives (out of 15). The two
            non-deceptives were just slightly over the classification threshold, into the
            deceptive region of the classification space, and could potentially be called
            inconclusive. While these results are promising, they are based on a limited set
              of data, so generalization to a claim that they will successfully address the overall
              polygraph classification problem requires more extensive evaluation and
              demonstration on a much larger database of subjects.

 993. Angus, J.E., & Castelaz, P.F. Anonymous. (1993 Nov 30). Final Report, CDRL
             0001AC, Contract No. N00014-93-C-0207, submitted to the Office of Naval
             Research. DoDPI93-R-0011.,
             Rec#: 138
             Keywords: artificial neural networks/ANN/Claremont Graduate School.
             Notes: FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY, DTIC AD Number B211339.

 994. Angus, J.E., Castelaz, P.F., & Crowley, M. Anonymous. (1995 Jun 30). CDRL Item No.
             0001AE, Contract No. N00014-94-C-0255,
             Rec#: 9110
             Keywords: questions-all-relevant/test data analysis-artificial neural networks.

 995. Anliker, W.C. (1983). Photographs: A pre-test danger. The Journal of Polygraph
             Science, 18, 3-4.
             Rec#: 140
             Keywords: pretest/subjects-pretest interview.

 996. Annon, J.S. (1988). Detection of deception and search for truth: A proposed model with
            particular reference to the witness, the victim, and the defendant. Forensic
            Reports, 1, 303-360.
            Rec#: 9220
            Keywords:
            theory/instrumentation/plethysmograph/narcoanalysis/hypnosis/interrogation/cog
            nitive interview/behavioral cues/nonverbal cues/psychological tests/testimony
            assessment/evidence/memory.

 997. Ansley, A. (1982). Can tranquilizers distort polygraph tests? Alabama Association of
             Polygraph Examiners Newsletter, 1
             Rec#: 142
             Keywords: countermeasures-drugs/tranquilizers.

 998. Ansley, N. Bill Marley. (Oct 5 1988).
             Rec#: 8374
             Keywords: inconclusive results.
             Notes: Regarding inconclusive polygraph results.

 999. Ansley, N. William J. Yankee. (Sep 8 1989).
             Rec#: 8384
             Keywords: admissibility-military.
             Notes: Regarding polygraph admissibility at military trials.

1000. Ansley, N. (1975). The 1975 hearings before the District of Columbia Council.
             Polygraph Review, 2, 1-7.
             Rec#: 158
              Keywords: licensing-Washington,
              DC/screening-commercial-licensing/criticism-political.
              Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 4(4), 382.

1001. Ansley, N. (1972). Acceptance test for instruments. Polygraph, 1, 32-35.
             Rec#: 147
             Keywords: instruments.

1002. Ansley, N. (1989). Accuracy and utility of RI screening by student examiners at DoDPI.
             Fort Meade, MD: National Security Agency.
             Rec#: 6399
             Keywords: techniques-R&I/utility/validity.

1003. Ansley, N. (1978). Admissibility of polygraph evidence in criminal and civil cases.
             Linthicum Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association.
             Rec#: 185
             Keywords: admissibility-criminal cases/admissibility-civil cases.

1004. Ansley, N. (1982). Analysis of polygraph charts: A bibliography. Polygraph , 12,
             28-37.
             Rec#: 6872
             Keywords: charts.

1005. Ansley, N. (1994). Appellate Decisions Involving Polygraph Issues. Polygraph, 23,
             95-104.
             Rec#: 9570
             Keywords: judicial decisions/evidence.

1006. Ansley, N. (1977). Basic and advanced polygraph training. American Polygraph
             Association Newsletter, 10, 8
             Rec#: 177
             Keywords: training-basic/training-advanced.

1007. Ansley, N. (1986). A bibliography of recent scientific studies on the polygraph.
             Polygraph, 15, 228-230.
             Rec#: 5958
             Keywords: bibliographies.

1008. Ansley, N. (1979). Bibliography on paternity and the polygraph. Polygraph Law
             Reporter, 2, 3
             Rec#: 188
             Keywords: applications-paternity/bibliographies-paternity/admissibility-paternity.

1009. Ansley, N. (1986). Bibliography on stipulated admissibility of polygraph test results.
             Polygraph, 15, 77-80.
             Rec#: 213
             Keywords: bibliographies/admissibility-stipulated.
1010. Ansley, Norman. A bibliography on validity and reliability of polygraph techniques. 82.
             Rec#: 6288
             Keywords: bibliographies/validity/reliability/techniques.

1011. Ansley, N. N. Ansley. (1956). The board of polygraph examiners.      Washington, DC:
             Board of Polygraph Examiners. 63-66 p.
             Rec#: 145
             Keywords: Board of Polygraph
             Examiners/instruments-standards/examiners-ethics.
             Notes: [Paper presented at the New York University Conference on Criminal
             Interrogation & Lie Detection,1952].

1012. Ansley, N. N. Ansley. (1975). Capillary responses as a polygraph channel.
             Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 257-265 p.
             Rec#: 159
             Keywords: plethysmograph/test data analysis-plethysmograph.

1013. Ansley, N. (1999). Chart Interpretation--a bibliography. Polygraph, 28, 85-93.
             Rec#: 4457
             Keywords: bibliographies.

1014. Ansley, N. (1959). A comparison of arm-cuff and wrist-cuff blood pressure patterns in
             polygraph charts. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science,
             50, 192-194.
             Rec#: 146
             Keywords: physiological measures/blood pressure/instruments-blood
             pressure/instruments-wrist cuff.

1015. Ansley, Norman. A comparison of two standard techniques in an operational polygraph
             setting. 87.
             Rec#: 6262
             Keywords: techniques-counterintelligence screening.

1016. Ansley, N. (1983). A compendium on polygraph validity. Polygraph, 12, 53-61.
             Rec#: 204
             Keywords: validity.

1017. Ansley, N. (1989). A compendium on polygraph validity. The Narc Officer, 5, 43-45.
             Rec#: 223
             Keywords: validity-field examinations/validity-laboratory.

1018. Ansley, Norman. Countermeasures publications. nd.
             Rec#: 9111
             Keywords: countermeasures.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1019. Ansley, N. (1975). Court protects examiner-attorney relationship. APA Newsletter, 9
             Rec#: 166
              Keywords: law-attorney-client privilege.

1020. Ansley, N. (1999). Development of deception criteria prior to 1950. Polygraph, 28,
             28-36.
             Rec#: 6817
             Keywords: cardiovascular/deception cues/electrodermal/motor response/historical
             interest/respiration/word association/terminology.

1021. Ansley, N. (1953). Directory of polygraph instruments. Washington, DC: Board of
             Polygraph Examiners.
             Rec#: 143
             Keywords: historical interest-instruments.
             Notes: Later incorporated into N. Ansley and R. Weir, Jr. (Eds.), Selected papers
             on the polygraph, Appendix I, Washington, DC: Board of Polygraph Examiners.

1022. Ansley, N. (1991). Drugs and the polygraph: A bibliography. Polygraph, 20,
             214-216.
             Rec#: 225
             Keywords: drugs/bibliographies.

1023. Ansley, N. (1977). Drugs for hypertension and polygraph results - A case example.
             Polygraph, 6, 53-57.
             Rec#: 178
             Keywords: drugs-hypertension/test data analysis-drug effects.

1024. Ansley, N. (1974). The education and training of Maryland polygraph examiners.
             Maryland Polygraph Review, 1-5.
             Rec#: 157
             Keywords: training/examiners-training.

1025. Ansley, Norman. The effectiveness of third and fourth polygraph examinations. 80.
             Rec#: 8394
             Keywords: repeated tests/National Security Agency-polygraph program.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1026. Ansley, N. (1991). Emotion And Respiration: A Bibliography. Polygraph, 20, 46-51.
             Rec#: 9627
             Keywords: emotion/respiration/bibliographies.

1027. Ansley, N. (1976). Examiner reviews criticism by psychologist. The Hennepin
             Lawyer, 44, 5, 31.
             Rec#: 171
             Keywords: criticism-general/reviews.

1028. Ansley, N. (1989). The eye and lie detection - A bibliography. Polygraph, 18,
             221-222.
             Rec#: 217
             Keywords: eye/pupillometry/bibliographies-eye.
1029. Ansley, Norman. Federal and state case law on polygraph screening. nd.
             Rec#: 6581
             Keywords: screening/law-federal/law-state.

1030. Ansley, N. (1977). Free polygraph service for unjustly convicted. Federal Probation,
             41, 51-52.
             Rec#: 179
             Keywords: applications-criminal justice/American Polygraph Association-case
             review committee.

1031. Ansley, N. Anonymous. Defense Personnel Research Center. (1999 Jul). FRI-99-1,
             Rec#: 1226
             Keywords: zone comparison/deception criteria/charts.
             Notes: DTIC AD Number A366488.
             Abstract: FRI recorded on forms the deception related reactions found on 616
             polygraph charts from 174 criminal cases in which ground truth was known.

1032. Ansley, N. (1980). General problems. Polygraph Review, 1, 1-17.
             Rec#: 195
             Keywords: question formulation/techniques-general.

1033. Ansley, N. (1977). Georgia Supreme Court admits polygraph evidence. APA
             Newsletter, 10-11.
             Rec#: 183
             Keywords: admissibility-Georgia.

1034. Ansley, N. (1988). Grand jury admissibility. Polygraph, 17, 118-119.
             Rec#: 2063
             Keywords: admissibility-grand jury/grand jury.

1035. Ansley, Norman. A guide to the admissibility of polygraph results. 77.
              Rec#: 9681
             Keywords: admissibility/court rulings.

1036. Ansley, Norman. Guilty knkowledge tests (GKT) and Peak of tension tests (POT). 93.
             Rec#: 9688
             Keywords: GKT/POT/emotion.

1037. Ansley, N. (1981). Habeas corpus relief and exclusion of polygraph results. Polygraph
             Review, 2, 1-7.
             Rec#: 199
             Keywords: admissibility-habeas corpus.

1038. Ansley, N. (1992). Historical note: A.R. Luria: Motor reactions and lie detection in
             the 1920s. Polygraph, 21, 80-81.
             Rec#: 227
             Keywords: USSR/Russia/tremorgraph/history.
1039. Ansley, N. (1992). The history and accuracy of guilty knowledge and peak of tension
             tests. Polygraph, 21, 174-247.
             Rec#: 228
             Keywords: GKT/POT.

1040. Ansley, N. (1982). House of Representatives hearing on Pentagon polygraph regulation.
             APA Newsletter, 15, 5-10.
             Rec#: 200
             Keywords:
             legislation-federal/screening-government/applications-counterintelligence.

1041. Ansley, N. (1986). Hypnosis and the polygraph: A bibliography. Polygraph, 15,
             276-278.
             Rec#: 214
             Keywords: bibliographies/hypnosis/countermeasures.

1042. Ansley, N. (1977). Illinois court rules polygraph a profession, PSE excluded. APA
             Newsletter, 13-14.
             Rec#: 184
             Keywords: law-profession defined/licensing-Illinois/voice stress analysis/PSE.

1043. Ansley, N. (1998). The irrelevant question: A descriptive review. Polygraph, 276,
             276-283.
             Rec#: 6782
             Keywords: relevant-irrelevant method/control questions.

1044. Ansley, N. (1973). Israeli police polygraph school. Polygraph, 2, 146-147.
             Rec#: 151
             Keywords: training/Israel-training/APA-school accreditation/Israel.

1045. Ansley, N. (1972). The Keeler Polygraph Institute. Polygraph, 1, 27-31.
             Rec#: 149
             Keywords: training/history/APA-school accreditation.

1046. Ansley, N. (1989). Law and the polygraph: a bibliography. Fort Meade, MD:
             National Security Agency.
             Rec#: 6400
             Keywords: law/bibliographies-law.

1047. Ansley, N. (1990). Law Notes. Polygraph, 19, 210-220.
             Rec#: 9684
             Keywords: evidence /admissibility/limiting-states/prisons-discipline.
             Abstract: Lenea v. Lane; United States V. Piccinonna; Elder v. Coronet Insurance
             Co. and Elston Claim Service, Inc.; State v. Schaeffer; Warren v. City of
             Asheville; State v. Jamison; Navada bill limiting polygraph use by business.

1048. Ansley, N. (1989). Law notes: Case decisions on admissibility. Polygraph, 18,
             117-121.
              Rec#: 218
              Keywords: admissibility/cases.

1049. Ansley, N. (1990). Law notes: Civil and criminal cases. Polygraph, 19, 72-102.
             Rec#: 224
             Keywords: applications-warrants/admissibility-civil cases/admissibility-criminal
             cases/law-constitutional rights/ACLU/Houston Police Department/Houston Fire
             Department/law-class action suit/legislation-Nevada.

1050. Ansley, N. (1989). Law notes: Jury polled. Polygraph, 18, 46-47.
             Rec#: 219
             Keywords: law-juries/bibliographies-law.

1051. Ansley, N. (1989). Law notes: Text of H.R. 3451 to amend EPPA, and case abstracts.
             Polygraph, 18, 223-229.
             Rec#: 220
             Keywords: admissibility/law-EPPA.

1052. Ansley, N. (1989). Law notes: Two jurisdictions and admissibility: federal and case
             notes and abstracts. Polygraph, 18, 177-182.
             Rec#: 6779
             Keywords: admissibility/cases-federal.

1053. Ansley, N. Anonymous. (1978). Laws relating to the polygraph.       Linthicum Heights,
             MD: American Polygraph Association.
             Rec#: 186
             Keywords: law-state/law-federal/licensing.

1054. Ansley, N. Anonymous. (1975). Legal admissibility of the polygraph. Springfield, IL:
             Charles C. Thomas.
             Rec#: 161
             Keywords:
             admissibility/law/techniques-general/validity-general/surveys/bibliographies/instr
             uments.
             Abstract: Papers given at the seventh annual seminar of the American Polygraph
             Association are presented. The 1972 seminar was aimed at overturning the 1923
             Frye v. United States decision, which remains the basis for rejecting polygraph
             evidence as admissible legal testimony. Polygraph experts, lawyers, physiologists,
             and psychologists have put themselves on record that this decision no longer
             represents the state of the art of polygraph. New and promising techniques in
             papers by polygraph experts show that the polygraph is scientifically valid,
             accurate, and reliable and provide data to attack Frye in the following areas: law,
             validity, technique, and instrumentation.

1055. Ansley, N. (1994). Legal Articles On The Employee Polygraph Protection Act Of 1988.
             Polygraph, 23, 112-115.
             Rec#: 9571
              Keywords: EPPA/legal issues.

1056. Ansley, Norman. The legal status of polygraph evidence in foreign nations. 89.
             Rec#: 6401
             Keywords: foreign usage.

1057. Ansley, Norman. The literature on countermeasures. 82.
             Rec#: 202
             Keywords: countermeasures/bibliographies.
             Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the Maryland Polygraph
             Association, Anne Arundel Community College, Arnold, MD.

1058. Ansley, N. (1989). Management and supervision of police polygraph operations, a
             bibliography. Polygraph, 18, 168-176.
             Rec#: 7732
             Keywords: bibliographies/police-management/police-supervision.

1059. Ansley, N. (nd). Non-verbal detection of deception: A bibliographic supplement.
             Rec#: 6591
             Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

1060. Ansley, N. (1979). Peak of tension - A bibliography. Polygraph, 8, 68-72.
             Rec#: 190
             Keywords: bibliographies-techniques-peak of tension/stimulus
             tests/questions-peak of tension.

1061. Ansley, N. (1988). PL 100-347: Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988.
             Polygraph, 17, 138-148.
             Rec#: 7742
             Keywords: PSE/psychological stress evaluator/voice stress analyzer/Employee
             Polygraph Protection Act.
             Abstract: Under the law, lie detector includes a polygraph, deceptograph, voice
             stress analyzer, psychological stress evaluator or any other similar device
             (mechanical or electrical) that is used for the purpose of rendering a diagnostic
             opinion regarding the honesty or dishonesty of an individual. The law prohibits
             employers from requiring or suggesting that any employee or prospective take a
             lie detector test; prohibits the use of test results; and prohibits the discharge,
             discipline, or discrimination against any employee on the basis of test results or
             for refusal to submit to lie detector testing. The law calls for civil penalties
             against employers who violate the terms of the law. It also specifies certain
             exemptions in the interest of national defense and security, in the case of Federal
             Bureau of Investigation contractors; in certain ongoing investigations; and in
             specified security services. Restrictions on the use of exemptions are delineated.
             Rights of the examinee during the pretest, test, and post-test phases are outlined,
             as are qualifications and requirements of examiners. The law was approved June
             27, 1988.
1062. Ansley, N. (1973). Plethysmography - A bibliography. Polygraph, 2, 153-161.
             Rec#: 152
             Keywords: plethysmography/bibliographies/plethysmograph.

1063. Ansley, N. N. Ansley. (1975). Plethysmography - A bibliography. Springfield, IL:
             Charles C. Thomas. 333-338 p.
             Rec#: 162
             Keywords: plethysmography/bibliographies/plethysmograph.

1064. Ansley, N. (1976). The pneumograph: A bibliography. Polygraph, 5, 269-272.
             Rec#: 172
             Keywords:
             pneumo-bibliographies/bibliographies-pneumograph/instruments-pneumo/test
             data analysis-pneumo.

1065. Ansley, N. (1993). Police Applicant Screening--A Bibliography. Polygraph, 22,
             120-124.
             Rec#: 9572
             Keywords: screening-police/applicants/bibliographies.

1066. Ansley, N. (1975). Police screening - The results of 413 examinations. Maryland
             Polygraph Review, 2-7.
             Rec#: 167
             Keywords: screening-police/Maryland/cases-screening-police.

1067. Ansley, Norman. The polygraph : A product of cultural and technical progress. nd.
             Rec#: 9689
             Keywords: physiological processes/interrogation.

1068. Ansley, N. (1992). Polygraph and probation: A bibliography. Polygraph, 21,
             143-145.
             Rec#: 229
             Keywords: applications-probation/bibliographies.

1069. Ansley, Norman. Polygraph bibliography. nd.
             Rec#: 8344
             Keywords: bibliographies.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1070. Ansley, Norman. Polygraph countermeasures. 82.
             Rec#: 6403
             Keywords: countermeasures.
             Notes: Federal Interagency Polygraph Seminar, FBI Academy, Quantico, VA.

1071. Ansley, Norman. Polygraph evidence and courtroom testimony: a selected bibliography.
             89.
             Rec#: 6263
             Keywords: courtroom testimony/bibliographies.
              Notes: Prepared for DoD Polygraph Institute, Ft. McClellan, AL.

1072. Ansley, Norman. Polygraph in the federal service. 84.
             Rec#: 9683
             Keywords: preemployment screening/detection of deception.
             Notes: Paper prepared for the SECOM meeting, October 15, 1984, Williamsburg,
             Virginia.

1073. Ansley, N. (1975). The polygraph profession: An opportunity for psychologists.
             Maryland Psychological Association Newsletter, 4-6.
             Rec#: 169
             Keywords: examiners-general.

1074. Ansley, N. (1979). Polygraph review. Polygraph, 8, 78-79.
             Rec#: 192
             Keywords: ethics.

1075. Ansley, N. (1976). The pre-test interview: A bibliography. Polygraph, 5, 92-93.
             Rec#: 174
             Keywords: bibliographies-pretest interview/pretest.

1076. Ansley, Norman. Psychopaths as polygraph subjects. nd.
             Rec#: 8354
             Keywords: psychopaths.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1077. Ansley, N. (1998). Question formulation. Polygraph, 27, 181-187.
             Rec#: 6803
             Keywords: control questions/Guilty knowledge test/peak of tension/question
             formulation/irrelevants/relevant questions/semantics.

1078. Ansley, N. (1978). Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility. Linthicum
             Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association.
             Rec#: 6405
             Keywords: admissibility.

1079. Ansley, Norman. Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility, 3rd ed. 79.
             Rec#: 6404
             Keywords: admissibility.
             Notes: Special issue for the Federal Interagency Polygraph Committee Seminar,
             FBI Academy, Quantico, VA.

1080. Ansley, N. (1980). Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility, 6th ed.
             Linthicum Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association.
             Rec#: 6261
             Keywords: admissibility.

1081. Ansley, N. (1983). Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility, licensing laws,
              and limiting laws . Linthicum Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association.
              Rec#: 6289
              Keywords:
              admissibility/licensing-state/law-limiting-state/law-limiting-federal/admissibility-
              state/admissibility-federal.
              Notes: (8th ed., revised and enlarged).

1082. Ansley, N. (1990). Quick Reference Guide To Polygraph Admissibility, Licensing
             Laws, And Limiting Laws. Polygraph, 19, 140
             Rec#: 9685
             Keywords: admissibility/law-licensing/law-limiting.

1083. Ansley, N. (1985). Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility, licensing laws,
             and limiting laws, 10th edition. Severna Park, Maryland: American Polygraph
             Association.
             Rec#: 6924
             Keywords: admissibility-federal/admissibility-state/licensing-state/law-limiting.

1084. Ansley, N. (1987). Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility, licensing laws and
             limiting laws, 11th ed. Severna Park, MD: American Polygraph Association.
             Rec#: 6406
             Keywords:
             admissibility-state/admissibility-federal/licensing-state/law-limiting-state.

1085. Ansley, N. (1987). Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility, licensing laws and
             limiting laws, 12th edition, revised. Severna Park, Maryland: American
             Polygraph association.
             Rec#: 6925
             Keywords: admissibility-federal/admissibility-state/licensing-state.

1086. Ansley, N. (1988). Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility, licensing laws and
             limiting laws, 13th ed. APA:
             Rec#: 7016
             Keywords: admissibility-federal/admissibility-state/law-licensing.

1087. Ansley, N. Anonymous. (1989). Quick Reference Guide to Polygraph Admissibility,
             Licensing Laws, and Limiting Laws, 14th Edition, Revised. Severna Park, MD:
             American Polygraph Association.
             Rec#: 221
             Keywords:
             licensing-state/law-limiting-state/law-limiting-federal/admissibility-state.

1088. Ansley, Norman. Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility, licensing laws, and
             limiting laws, 9th ed. 84.
             Rec#: 6770
             Keywords: admissibility.

1089. Ansley, Norman. Quick reference guide to polygraph validity. 83.
              Rec#: 9682
              Keywords: validity/criminal trials.

1090. Ansley, N. (1992). A. R. Luria: Motor Reactions And Lie Detection In The 1920s.
             Polygraph, 21, 80-81.
             Rec#: 9573
             Keywords: Luria, A. R./historical interest .

1091. Ansley, Norman. Recent scientific studies on the polygraph. nd.
             Rec#: 8364
             Keywords: bibliographies-research.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1092. Ansley, N. (1980). Research on the validity of the relevant-irrelevant technique as used
             in screening. Polygraph, 9, 153-161.
             Rec#: 197
             Keywords: validity/techniques-R&I/screening/bibliographies.

1093. Ansley, N. (1989). Resource materials on the polygraph and child abuse cases.
             Polygraph, 18, 51-53.
             Rec#: 222
             Keywords: law-child abuse/cases-child abuse/bibliographies-child abuse.

1094. Ansley, N. (1993). Review of polygraph case law for 1992-1993. Polygraph, 22,
             194-226.
             Rec#: 232
             Keywords: licensing/Mississippi/court rulings.

1095. Ansley, N. (1992). A review of polygraph case law in 1991. Polygraph, 21, 58-71.
             Rec#: 230
             Keywords: legal rulings.

1096. Ansley, N. (1975). [Review of the book Cardiovascular Psychophysiology, Current
             Issues in Response Mechanisms, Biofeedback, and Methodology]. Polygraph,
             4, 180-182.
             Rec#: 9452
             Keywords: psychophysiology-cardiovascular/book reviews.

1097. Ansley, N. (1975). [Review of the book Electrodermal activity in psychological
             research]. Polygraph, 4, 377-379.
             Rec#: 160
             Keywords: book reviews/research-electrodermal.

1098. Ansley, N. (1979). [Review of the book Employee theft investigation]. Polygraph,
             8, 384-385.
             Rec#: 189
             Keywords: book reviews.
1099. Ansley, N. (1997). [Review of the book Forensic psychophysiology, using the
             polygraph: scientific truth verification -lie detection]. Polygraph , 26, 65-68.
             Rec#: 6780
             Keywords: book reviews/forensic psychophysiology/countermeasures/validity.

1100. Ansley, N. (1979). [Review of the book How to Sting the Polygraph]. Polygraph, 8,
             289
             Rec#: 7508
             Keywords: book reviews/countermeasures-general.

1101. Ansley, N. (1972). [Review of the book International registry of computer users among
             psychophysiologists]. Polygraph, 1, 252
             Rec#: 9453
             Keywords: book reviews/psychophysiologists/computer.

1102. Ansley, N. (1972). [Review of the book Investigation and preparation of criminal
             cases, federal and state]. Polygraph, 1, 180-181.
             Rec#: 148
             Keywords: admissibility-federal/admissibility-state/book reviews.

1103. Ansley, N. (1975). [Review of the book Scientific and expert evidence in criminal
             advocac]. Polygraph, 4, 380-381.
             Rec#: 163
             Keywords: book reviews.

1104. Ansley, N. (1974). [Review of the book So who's afraid of a polygraph test?].
             Polygraph, 3, 344
             Rec#: 155
             Keywords: book reviews.

1105. Ansley, N. (1984). [Review of the book Ten years of Polygraph: A ten-year index,
             1972-1982]. Polygraph, 13, 279
             Rec#: 5274
             Keywords: book reviews/bibliographies.

1106. Ansley, N. (1975). [Review of the book Undercover investigation]. Polygraph, 4,
             288
             Rec#: 165
             Keywords: book reviews.

1107. Ansley, N. (1975). [Review of the motion picture The autonomic nervous system].
             Polygraph, 4, 289
             Rec#: 150
             Keywords: book reviews.

1108. Ansley, N. (1979). Review of "The polygraph and probation", by John O. Knowlton.
             Polygraph Law Reporter, 2, -
             Rec#: 191
              Keywords: applications-probation/law--probation.
              Notes: "The polygraph and probation" published in Idaho Law Review, 9 (1) (Fall
              1972), p. 74-82.

1109. Ansley, N. Anonymous. (1983). A review of the scientific literature on the validity,
             reliability, and utility of polygraph techniques (3rd ed.). Fort Meade, MD:
             National Security Agency.
             Rec#: 205
             Keywords: validity/reliability/utility/reviews.

1110. Ansley, N. (1990). Scientific research on detecting deception and verifying truth.
             Washington, D. C: United States Department of Defense.
             Rec#: 7504
             Keywords: detection of deception.
             Notes: Collection of abstracts.

1111. Ansley, N. (1995). Simulations and polygraph research. Polygraph , 24, 275-289.
             Rec#: 5063
             Keywords: research.

1112. Ansley, N. (1980). Some observations on question formulation. Polygraph Review, 1,
             1-21.
             Rec#: 198
             Keywords: question formulation.
             Notes: Reprinted in Voice, p. 19-25.

1113. Ansley, Norman. Some observations on question formulation. 80.
             Rec#: 8404
             Keywords: question formulation.
             Notes: Paper presented at the Spring Seminar of the Ohio Association of
             Polygraph Examiners, Columbus, OH.

1114. Ansley, Norman. Some old thoughts and some new thoughts on polygraph research. 91.
             Rec#: 226
             Keywords: history/research-computers/test data
             analysis-computer/validity-laboratory/validity-field
             examinations/surveys-research.
             Notes: Paper presented at the meeting of the Virginia Polygraph Association,
             Williamsburg, VA.

1115. Ansley, Norman. State laws on the polygraph. nd.
             Rec#: 9129
             Keywords: law-licensing/law-limiting.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1116. Anonymous. Statement of Norman Ansley, Chief, Polygraph Division, Office of
           Security, National Security Agency . ed. Washington, DC: GPO. 45-62p.
           Rec#: 211
              Keywords:
              applications-counterintelligence/screening-NSA/validity-research/validity-field
              research/cases-counterintelligence.
              Notes: Relating to the administration of polygraph examinations and
              prepublication review requirements by federal agencies .

1117. Ansley, N. (1987). The status of polygraph evidence in federal courts. Polygraph, 16,
             75-78.
             Rec#: 215
             Keywords: admissibility-federal/admissibility-military             .

1118. Ansley, N. (1975). Stipulated admissibility reversed by Georgia Appellate Court.
             Polygraph, 4, 340
             Rec#: 164
             Keywords: admissibility-Georgia/stipulated examinations-Georgia.

1119. Ansley, Norman. The study of countermeasures. 82.
             Rec#: 201
             Keywords: countermeasures/bibliographies.
             Notes: Paper prepared for the Twelfth Annual National Workshop on Practical
             Polygraph Procedures, Delta College, University Center, MI.

1120. Ansley, N. (1979). Testifying in court - A bibliography. Polygraph, 8, 239-241.
             Rec#: 193
             Keywords: courtroom testimony/bibliographies.

1121. Anonymous. Testimony of Norman Ansley, Chief, Polygraph Division, Office of
           Security, National Security Agency. ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
           Rec#: 206
           Keywords: screening-federal/legislation-federal/examiners-federal.

1122. Anonymous. Testimony of Norman Ansley, Chief, Polygraph Division, Office of
           Security, National Security Agency. ed. Washington, DC: GPO. 44-53,
           87-94p.
           Rec#: 209
           Keywords:
           screening-government/cases-counterintelligence/applications-counterintelligence/
           surveys-CI test results/Department of Defense-polygraph programs/National
           Security Agency-polygraph program.
           Notes: Printed in Polygraph, 13, 166-176.

1123. Ansley, N. (1953). Testing the physically handicapped. Board of Polygraph Examiners
             Bulletin, 3 p.
             Rec#: 144
             Keywords: subjects-handicapped/techniques-handicapped.

1124. Ansley, N. (1976). Testing the physically handicapped. Polygraph, 5, 59-67.
             Rec#: 175
              Keywords: subjects-handicapped/techniques-handicapped.

1125. Ansley, N. (1992). Twenty years of Polygraph. Polygraph, 21, 146-153.
             Rec#: 231
             Keywords: History.

1126. Ansley, N. (1974). U.S. District Court supports police polygraph screening.
             Polygraph, 3, 412-416.
             Rec#: 156
             Keywords: screening-police-San Francisco/law-screening-police/San Francisco
             Police Department.

1127. Ansley, N. (1976). U.S. v. Oliver, a federal landmark decision. Security Management,
             20, 28-29.
             Rec#: 176
             Keywords: admissibility-federal-criminal cases.

1128. Ansley, Norman. Use of the GSR in lie detection. 71.
             Rec#: 9112
             Keywords: electrodermal-GSR/bibliographies.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1129. Ansley, N. (1975-1976). The use of the polygraph in paternity suits being studied.
             APA Newsletter, 8
             Rec#: 170
             Keywords: applications-paternity.

1130. Ansley, N. (1990). The validity and reliability of polygraph decisions in real cases.
             Polygraph, 19, 169-181.
             Rec#: 6264
             Keywords: validity/reliability.
             Notes: Reprinted by the American Polygraph Association. Library has 1 copies
             including one signed by the author.

1131. Ansley, Norman. Validity and the relevant-irrelevant technique, abstracts of research.
             79.
             Rec#: 194
             Keywords: validity-relevant-irrelevant techniques/reliability-relevant-irrelevant
             techniques/screening-general/research-validity/techniques-RI.
             Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the Maryland Polygraph
             Association, Anne Arundel Community College, Arnold, MD.

1132. Ansley, N. (1998). The validity of the modified general question test (MGQT).
             Polygraph, 27, 35-44.
             Rec#: 6804
             Keywords: comparison question/control questions/field study/MGQT/validity.

1133. Ansley, N. (1975). The value and function of state association newsletters. APA
              Newsletter, 7-10.
              Rec#: 168
              Keywords: public relations.

1134. Ansley, N. (1977). Van Gregory Johnson v. Maryland, a paradoxical precedent.
             Polygraph Review, 3, 1-6.
             Rec#: 181
             Keywords: admissibility-Maryland/cases-rape/cases-murder.

1135. Ansley, N. (1973). Vermont State Police polygraph service. Polygraph, 2, 239-244.
             Rec#: 153
             Keywords:
             cases-criminal/admissibility-Vermont/surveys-statistical/screening-police-Vermo
             nt.

1136. Ansley, N. (1988). Vittorio Benussi and research: Historical note. Polygraph, 17,
             121-122.
             Rec#: 216
             Keywords: history-research/Benussi, Vittorio/biographies-Benussi, Vittorio.

1137. Ansley, N. (1990). Was He Driving? Polygraph, 19, 147-149.
             Rec#: 9686
             Keywords: applications-investigations.

1138. Ansley, N. (1990). Zone comparison is the proper name. Polygraph, 19, 161-163.
             Rec#: 8897
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test.

1139. Ansley, N. (1998). The zone comparison test. Polygraph, 27, 108-122.
             Rec#: 6805
             Keywords: ZCT/validity/field validity/control questions.

1140. Ansley, N.,, & Abrams, S. Anonymous. (1980). The polygraph profession. Linthicum
             Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association.
             Rec#: 233
             Keywords:
             history/law/psychology/physiology/techniques-general/screening-commercial-pre
             employment/American Polygraph Association/bibliographies/ethics.

1141. Ansley, N., & Beaumont, L.S. (1992). Quick reference guide to polygraph admissibility,
             licensing laws, and limiting laws, 16th edition. Polygraph, 21, Center pull-out
             Rec#: 235
             Keywords: law/legal rulings/cases/admissibility/law-licensing/law-limiting.

1142. Ansley, N., & Furgerson, R.M. (1987). Pioneers in the polygraph: The Federal Bureau
             of Investigation in the 1930's. Polygraph, 16, 33-52.
             Rec#: 236
             Keywords: history/instruments/techniques/cases/Federal Bureau of
               Investigation/biographies-Coffey, E. P.

1143. Ansley, N., Garwood, M., Barland, G.H., Fedor, W., & Bell, W.H. Anonymous. (1984).
             The accuracy and utility of polygraph testing. Washington, DC: Department
             of Defense.
             Rec#: 237
             Keywords: validity-field examinations/validity-laboratory/reliability-test data
             analysis-blind/research field
             validity/research-validity-laboratory/research-reliability-field/research-reliability-f
             ield/cases-criminal/cases-counterintelligence/surveys-statistical-subjects/applicati
             ons-counterintelligence/applications-criminal cases.
             Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 13, 1-143. Reprinted as a separate publication by
             the American Polygraph Association, 1984.
             Abstract: Information on polygraph use in the Federal Goverment, particularly the
             Department of Defense, focuses on the number of examiners and annual
             polygraph utilization by Federal agencies. The polygraph as an aid in criminal
             investigation and exculpatory examination is discussed; data and examples on
             criminal conduct revealed during screening examinations are presented. The
             history of the use of polygraph examinations in intelligence, counterintelligence
             and security is included; specific examples of polygraph examinations revealing
             espionage are cited. A survey of the history of traditional polygraph methods from
             1953 to 1983 looks at testing techniques, such as zone comparison, modified
             general question, relevant/irrelevant association, and peak of tension method.
             Also reviewed are (1)Research on Polygraph criterion validity and reliability
             based on laboratory and field studies, (2)studies investigating the relationship
             between the examiner's decision and the criteria of truth and deception, and
             (3)studies investigating the relationship between the decision of a blind examiner
             and actual truth or deception using verified polygraph cases. A discussion of
             problems and issues involved in lie detection finds evidence suggesting that
             control question tests may be more accurate in detecting the deception of the
             guilty person than in verifying the truthfulness of the < innocent person. Research
             studies to determine the validity and reliability of the polygraph in a field setting
             are also summarized. Tabular data and 38 references are provided.

1144. Ansley, N., & Horvath, F.S. (1975). Bibliography on screening of police applicants with
             the polygraph. Polygraph, 4, 282-284.
             Rec#: 238
             Keywords: screening-police/bibliographies.

1145. Ansley, N.,, & Horvath, F.S. Anonymous. (1977). Truth and science: A comprehensive
             index to international literature on the detection of deception (lie detector)
             technique. Linthicum Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association. - p.
             Rec#: 239
             Keywords: bibliographies-general.

1146. Ansley, N., Horvath, F.S., & Barland, G.H. Anonymous. (1983). Truth and science: A
             comprehensive index to international literature on the detection of deception and
              the polygraph (lie detector) technique (2nd edition, revised).   Linthicum
              Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association. - p.
              Rec#: 240
              Keywords: bibliographies-general.

1147. Ansley, Norman and Knill, Brenda L. A bibliography on the relationship of polygraph
             testing and cultural variables. 89.
             Rec#: 9199
             Keywords: cultural differences.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1148. Ansley, Norman and Knill, Brenda L. A bibliography on the relationship of polygraph
             testing and personality variables. 89.
             Rec#: 9200
             Keywords: personality variables/bibliographies.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1149. Ansley, N., & Knill, B.L. (1989). Nonverbal detection of deception: A bibliography.
             Polygraph, 18, 90-105.
             Rec#: 241
             Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/bibliographies-nonverbal detection
             of deception.

1150. Ansley, N., & Knill, B.L. (1991). Psychological variables and the detection of deception
             - An indexed bibliography. Polygraph, 20, 144-158.
             Rec#: 242
             Keywords: psychological variables/bibliographies-psychological variables.

1151. Ansley, N., & Krapohl, D.J. (2000). The frequency of appearance of evaluative criteria
             in field polygraph charts. Polygraph , 29, 169-176.
             Rec#: 7047
             Keywords: cardiovascular/electrodermal response/habituation/pneumograph/zone
             comparison/deception criteria/distribution of reactions/normative data/polygraph
             tracing features/tonic heart rate.
             Abstract: Every appearance of each of 22 response patterns considered to be
             diagnostic for the detection of deception by the US Department of Defense
             Polygraph Institute (DoDPI) was tabulated for 177 cases (616 polygraph charts)
             selected from the DoDPI database of confirmed field cases.

1152. Ansley, N., & Pumphrey, J.K. (1985). Justice and the polygraph. Severna Park, MD:
             American Polygraph Association.
             Rec#: 243
             Keywords: cases-general/applications-general/surveys-subjects.
             Abstract: Cases were selected from Government and American Polygraph
             Association publications. A brief note on the source is included with each
             citation. Cases are grouped by their use with innocent persons (eyewitnesses, the
             falsely accused, victims) and guilty persons (to obtain confessions, lead to
              evidence, or expose false testimony), as well as in applications to employment
              screening, parole and probation supervision, and espionage investigations. In
              addition, articles are included on such specific topics as polygraph employment
              screening, handling shoplifting, Federal statistics, and surveys of attitudes toward
              the use of the polygraph. An extensive index cites cases by offense committed,
              geographical location, name of examiner, agency involved, author, and other
              topics. (Author abstract modified).

1153. Ansley, N., & Pumphrey, J.K. (1986). Survey results: Polygraph exams of 100 police
             and fire applicants. Journal of Healthcare Protection Management, 2, 86-93.
             Rec#: 244
             Keywords: surveys-employees/preemployment screening-general.

1154. Ansley, Norman and Weir, Raymond J. Statistical study on the use of the Polygraph as a
             personnel security screening aid. 53.
             Rec#: 9690
             Keywords: security screening/background investigations/statistical analysis.

1155. Ansley, Norman and Weir, Raymond J. Jr. A numerical scoring system for
             relevant-irrelevant polygraph tests. 76.
             Rec#: 9691
             Keywords: relevant-irrelevant method/control question tests.

1156. Ansley, N., & Weir, R.J., Jr. (1956). Selected papers on the polygraph. Washington,
             DC: Board of Polygraph Examiners.
             Rec#: 245
             Keywords: book reviews/question formulation-control
             questions/techniques-handicapped subjects/physiology-vascular
             system/training-schools/glossary/instruments.
             Notes: Copy available from University Microfilms OP 69, 619.
             Abstract: minutes-New York University Conference on Lie Detection.

1157. Arata, C. (1975). Statement of the Metropolitan Board of Trade. Polygraph Review,
             2, 14-16.
             Rec#: 253
             Keywords: licensing-District of Columbia/screening-commercial-District of
             Columbia.

1158. Arbetter, L. (1993). Brain Betrayal. Security Management , 37, 10
             Rec#: 9575
             Keywords: detection of deception.

1159. Arellano, Luis R. The polygraph examination of Spanish speaking subjects. 84.
             Rec#: 6408
             Keywords: subjects-Spanish speaking/validity/reliability-zone
             comparison/polygraph-research-general.
             Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph 19 (2), 155-156, 1990.
1160. Arena, J.G., Goldberg, S.J., Saul, D.L., & Hobbs, S.H. (1989). Temporal stability of
             psychophysiological response profiles: Analysis of individual response stereotypy
             and stimulus response specificity. Behavior Therapy, 20, 609-618.
             Rec#: 257
             Keywords: response specificity/response stereotype/pulse rate.

1161. Arens, R., & Meadow, A. (1956). Psycholinguistics and the confession dilemma.
             Columbia Law Review, 56, 19-46.
             Rec#: 258
             Keywords:
             confessions-voluntariness/psycholinguistics/psychology-interrogation/law-interro
             gation/criticism-interrogation/psycholinguistics/word frequency.

1162. Arledge, G. (2000). The published works of Norman Ansley. Polygraph, 29,
             270-277.
             Rec#: 7407
             Keywords: bibliographies.

1163. Arment, J. (1984). The investigation of David Raskin: Winning through insinuation.
            Utah Holiday, 9-10.
            Rec#: 9009
            Keywords: Raskin, David C./DeLorean, John Z.

1164. Armstead, C.A., Lawler, K.A., Gorden, G., Cross, J., & Gibbons, J. (1989).
            Relationship of racial stressors to blood pressure responses and anger expression
            in Black college students. Special Issue: Race, reactivity, and blood pressure
            regulation. Health-Psychology , 8, 541-556.
            Rec#: 9694
            Keywords: RACISM/ANGER/BLOOD-PRESSURE/HYPERTENSION.
            Abstract: 27 Black college students viewed 3 excerpts showing racist situations
            involving Blacks; anger-provoking, nonracist situations; and neutral situations.
            After each scene, blood pressure (BP) was taken; a mood checklist, the
            Framingham Anger Scale (S. Haynes et al; see PA, Vol 68:10702), and the
            Anger Expression Scale of C. Spielberger et al (1985) were administered.
            Analyses revealed that BP significantly increased during the presentation of
            racist stimuli but not of anger-provoking or neutral stimuli. Self-reports of state
            anger, as measured by the mood checklist, were significant for both the
            anger-provoking and racist stimuli. BP scores were significantly correlated to the
            2 trait anger measures. Exposure to racist stimuli was associated with BP
            increases among Blacks.

1165. Arnold, D.W., & Thiemann, A.J. (1994). Psychological Testing In ADA's Wake.
             Security Management, 38, 43-45.
             Rec#: 9577
             Keywords: screening-employment/psychological testing/legal
             status/employees/Americans with Disabilities Act/discrimination.
1166. Arnold, E.W. (1962). Investigators get full value from a polygraph examination.
             Police, 6, 45-47.
             Rec#: 265
             Keywords: applications-investigations/applications-law enforcement.

1167. Arnold, E.W. (1961). Polygraph tests using an interpreter. Police, 5, 53-55.
             Rec#: 264
             Keywords: interpreters.

1168. Arons, H. (1961). Hypnosis: A new tool in police work. Police, 68-71.
             Rec#: 6409
             Keywords: hypnosis.

1169. Arons, H. Anonymous. (1966). Hypnosis and the polygraph. Springfield, IL:
             Charles C. Thomas. 142-151 p.
             Rec#: 924
             Keywords: hypnosis-polygraph/posthypnotic amnesia/deception.

1170. Arons, H. Anonymous. (1966). Truth verification and detection of faking.
             Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 131-141 p.
             Rec#: 271
             Keywords: hypnosis-deception test/cases-rape alleged/techniques-hypnosis.

1171. Arther, C.A. (1987). Accentuate the positive. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 21,
              Rec#: 277
              Keywords: public relations.

1172. Arther, C.A. (1991). The Americans with disabilities act. The Journal of Polygraph
              Science, 26, 1-4.
              Rec#: 275
              Keywords: Americans With Disabilities Act.

1173. Arther, C.A. (1986). Eliminating opposing results. The Journal of Polygraph Science,
              21,
              Rec#: 276
              Keywords: reexaminations/ethics.

1174. Arther, C.A. (1995). The polygraph profession: using the past to prepare for the future.
              The Journal of Polygraph Science, 29,
              Rec#: 5653
              Keywords: interrogation/preemployment screening/ADA.

1175. Arther, C.A., & Arther, R.O. (1988). The effective alternative. The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 22, 1-3.
              Rec#: 278
              Keywords: screening-commercial-interviewing.

1176. Arther, R.O., & Arther, C.A. (2001). Irrelevant Questions. The Journal of Polygraph
              Science, 35, 1-4.
              Rec#: 6889
              Keywords: irrelevant/relevant-irrelevant method.

1177. Arther, R. (1994). Miscellaneous chart-analysis principes: Part Three. The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 29,
              Rec#: 6969
              Keywords: control questions.

1178. Arther, R., & Arther, C. (1993). The re-examination. The Journal of Polygraph
              Science, 27,
              Rec#: 6990
              Keywords: reexaminations/charts/pretest.

1179. Arther, R.O. (1982). 22nd annual New York professonal polygraph seminar, Monday
              May 17 thru Wednesday May 19, 1982. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 16,
              Rec#: 6410
              Keywords: polygraph-general.

1180. Arther, R.O. (1996). Advancing the polygraph profession . The Journal of Polygraph
              Science, 31,
              Rec#: 5357
              Keywords: polygraph general.

1181. Anonymous. The analysis of Jack Ruby's polygraph exam.      ed. Washington, DC:
           GPO. 197-219p.
           Rec#: 6425
           Keywords: Ruby, Jack/testimony/test data analysis.

1182. Anonymous. The analysis of Yuri Nosenko's polygraph examination.      ed.
           Washington, DC: GPO. 187-196p.
           Rec#: 6426
           Keywords: courtroom testimony.

1183. Arther, R.O. (1977). Annual New York polygraph seminar, May 1977. The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 11,
              Rec#: 6411
              Keywords: polygraph-general.

1184. Arther, R.O. (1978). Annual New York polygraph seminar, May 1978. The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 12,
              Rec#: 6413
              Keywords: polygraph-general.

1185. Arther, R.O. (1979). Annual New York Polygraph Seminar, May 1979. The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 13,
              Rec#: 6414
              Keywords: polygraph-general.
1186. Arther, Richard O. The Arther Law-Enforcement Exploratory Examination. 85.
              Rec#: 9696
              Keywords:
              Crime/examiners-general/trustworthiness/techniques-Arther-exploratory
              examination/pretest interview.
              Notes: Paper delivered at the 20th annual seminar of The American Polygraph
              Association, Reno, Nevada, August 7, 1985.

1187. Arther, R.O. (1992). Being a more effective polygraphist. The Journal of Polygraph
              Science, 27,
              Rec#: 6975
              Keywords: polygraph techniques.

1188. Arther, R.O. (1967). Blood-pressure rises on crime questions - Sometimes an indication
              of truthfulness. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 1, 1-4.
              Rec#: 294
              Keywords: test data analysis/blood pressure/crime questions/truthfulness.
              Notes: Also published in Vol. 16, No. 5 (March-April) 1981.

1189. Arther, R.O. (1981). Blood-pressure rises on crime questions: sometimes an indication
              of truthfulness. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 15,
              Rec#: 6978
              Keywords: blood pressure/chart markings.

1190. Arther, R.O. (1955). Blood pressure rises on relevant questions in lie detection -
              Sometimes an indication of innocence not guilt. Journal of Criminal Law,
              Criminology and Police Science, 45, 112-115.
              Rec#: 281
              Keywords: test data analysis/blood pressure/relevant questions/innocence.

1191. Arther, R.O. (1971). Breathing analysis, Part I. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 5,
              Rec#: 312
              Keywords: test data analysis-Arther/pneumo.

1192. Arther, R.O. (1971). Breathing analysis, Part II. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 5,
              Rec#: 313
              Keywords: test data analysis-Arther/pneumo.

1193. Arther, R.O. (1970). The breathing unit. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 5,
               Rec#: 307
              Keywords: pneumo/test data analysis-pneumo.

1194. Arther, R.O. (1989). The breathing unit: an update. The Journal of Polygraph
              Science, 23,
              Rec#: 6976
              Keywords: instrumental deception/pneumograph/physiological responses.

1195. Arther, R.O. (1971). The cardio unit.    The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 6,
              Rec#: 314
              Keywords: cardio/test data analysis-cardio.

1196. Arther, R.O. (1989). The cardio unit: An update. The Journal of Polygraph Science,
              24, 1-4.
              Rec#: 371
              Keywords: test data analysis-cardio.

1197. Arther, R.O. (1995). Courtroom testimony. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 30,
              Rec#: 5667
              Keywords: witnesses/courtroom testimony.

1198. Arther, R.O. (1974). Crime and peak question wording. The Journal of Polygraph
              Studies, 8,
              Rec#: 323
              Keywords: question formulation-peak of tension/techniques-peak of
              tension-Arther.

1199. Arther, R.O. (1969). Crime question wording. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 4,
               Rec#: 302
              Keywords: question formulation-relevant questions-Arther/CQT.

1200. Arther, Richard O. DHT3 (Don't have to take test). 80.
              Rec#: 343
              Keywords: pretest interview.
              Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Polygraph
              Association, Alexandria, VA.

1201. Arther, R.O. (1973). Drugs, medicines, alcohol - And chart analysis. The Journal of
              Polygraph Studies, 7, 1-4.
              Rec#: 319
              Keywords: test data analysis/drugs/alcohol.

1202. Arther, R.O. (1975-1976). Educational Bulletin 1975-1976. New York, NY: The
              National Training Center of Polygraph Science.
              Rec#: 6416
              Keywords: polygraph-general/promotional material.

1203. Arther, R.O. (1979). Educational Bulletin 1979-1980. New York: The National
              Training Center of Polygraph Science.
              Rec#: 9131
              Keywords: training.

1204. Arther, R.O. (1975). The eight known-lie question principles. The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 10, 1-4.
              Rec#: 6266
              Keywords: question formulation-Arther technique.
1205. Arther, R.O. (1976). Establishment of the known-lie questions. The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 10, 1-4.
              Rec#: 329
              Keywords: techniques-Arther/known-lie questions.

1206. Arther, R.O. (1981). Examining victims and witnesses, Parts I & II. The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 16, 1-4.
              Rec#: 344
              Keywords: techniques-Arther/subjects-victims/subjects-witnessesses.

1207. Arther, R.O. (1956). A further interpretation of innocent blood-pressure rises in
              polygraph testing. The Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police
              Science, 47, 260-263.
              Rec#: 283
              Keywords: blood pressure/card test/second relevant test/test data analysis-blood
              pressure.

1208. Arther, R.O. (1989). The greatest interrogation ever. The Journal of Polygraph
              Science, 23,
              Rec#: 6958
              Keywords: interrogation/polygraph techniques.

1209. Arther, R.O. (1971). The GSR unit. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 5, 1-4.
              Rec#: 315
              Keywords: instrumentation-electrodermal/GSR/history-electrodermal.

1210. Arther, R.O. (1969). The guilt complex question. The Journal of Polygraph Studies,
              4,
              Rec#: 303
              Keywords: question formulation-guilt complex .

1211. Arther, R.O. (1972). How many robbers, buglars, sex criminals is your department
              hiring this year? The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 6,
              Rec#: 316
              Keywords: screening-police.
              Notes: Reprinted in Pennsylvania Law Enforcement Journal, (1956, June), 50-55.

1212. Arther, R.O. (1982). How to administer peak of tension tests. The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 17, 1-4.
              Rec#: 348
              Keywords: peak of tension/POT/techniques-POT/question formulation-POT .

1213. Arther, R.O. (1999). How to correctly word the known-lie questions. The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 34,
              Rec#: 6539
              Keywords: control questions/child sexual abuse/reliability/validity.

1214. Arther, R.O. (1983). How to establish the known-lie questions. The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 17, 1-4.
              Rec#: 6270
              Keywords: known-lie questions.

1215. Arther, R.O. (1982). How to word peak questions. The Journal of Polygraph Science,
              17, 1-4.
              Rec#: 349
              Keywords: question formulation-Arther technique/question formulation-control
              questions/techniques-Arther.

1216. Arther, R.O. (1996). How to word peak questions. The Journal of Polygraph Science,
              31,
              Rec#: 5380
              Keywords: question formulation-Arther technique/question formulation-control
              questions/techniques-Arther.

1217. Arther, R.O. (1983). How to word the known-lie questions. The Journal of Polygraph
              Science, 17, 1-4.
              Rec#: 353
              Keywords: known-lie questions/question formulation/Arther
              technique/techniques-CQT.

1218. Arther, R.O. (1967). An important advance in polygraph instrumentation. The Journal
              of Polygraph Studies, 2,
              Rec#: 295
              Keywords: instruments-Arther.

1219. Arther, R.O. (1981). Interpreters. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 16, 1-4.
              Rec#: 6269
              Keywords: interpreters.

1220. Arther, R.O. (1961). The investigator and the crime laboratory--A code for polygraph
              procedure Chapter XII. Law and Order, 9, 56-59, 70.
              Rec#: 286
              Keywords: crime labs.

1221. Arther, R.O. (1961). The investigator and the crime laboratory--The polygraph can help,
              if you want it to . Law and Order, 9, 50-53.
              Rec#: 285
              Keywords: crime labs.

1222. Arther, R.O. (1976). Known-lie chart analysis. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 11,
              1-4 and 11(2), 1-4.
              Rec#: 330
              Keywords: test data analysis/known-lie questions/Arther technique.

1223. Arther, R.O. (1967). Let's get back to first things first - Interrogation. Law and Order,
              28-30.
              Rec#: 299
              Keywords: interrogation.

1224. Arther, R.O. (1960). The lie detector, is it of any value? Federal Probation, 24,
              36-39.
              Rec#: 284
              Keywords: applications-investigations.

1225. Arther, R.O. (1977). Miscellaneous chart-analysis principles - Part 1. The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 11, 1-4.
              Rec#: 332
              Keywords: countermeasures-test data
              analysis/subjects-homosexuals/applications-homosexuals/instrumentation-cardio/
              applications-police brutality.

1226. Arther, R.O. (1977). Miscellaneous chart-analysis principles - Part 2. The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 12, 1-4.
              Rec#: 333
              Keywords: test data analysis-Arther/ethics/stipulated
              examinations/techniques-Arther/psychology-anger.

1227. Arther, R.O. (1992). Miscellaneous chart-analysis principles: Part One. The Journal
              of Polygraph Science, 26,
              Rec#: 6988
              Keywords: chart markings/GSR/verification tests.

1228. Arther, R.O. (1994). Miscellaneous chart-analysis principles: Part Two. The Journal
              of Polygraph Science, 29,
              Rec#: 6959
              Keywords: control questions/verification tests/test data analysis.

1229. Arther, R.O. (1970). National Training Center's certified polygraphists. The Journal of
              Polygraph Studies, 5,
              Rec#: 7023
              Keywords: polygraph-general/licensing.

1230. Arther, R.O. (1976). The national training center's certified polygraphists. The Journal
              of Polygraph Science, 11,
              Rec#: 6419
              Keywords: polygraph-general/examiners.

1231. Arther, R.O. (1978). The national training center's certified polygraphists. The Journal
              of Polygraph Science, 23,
              Rec#: 6420
              Keywords: polygraph-general/examiners.

1232. Arther, R.O. (1980). The national training center's certified polygraphists. The Journal
              of Polygraph Science, 15,
               Rec#: 6421
               Keywords: polygraph-general/examiners.

1233. Arther, R.O. (1980). New York supreme court upholds privilege. The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 16, 1-4.
              Rec#: 6268
              Keywords: cases-New York.

1234. Arther, R.O. (1977). Non-reactors. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 12,
              Rec#: 334
              Keywords: test data
              analysis-Arther/subjects-non-reactors/countermeasures/techniques-Arther CQT.

1235. Arther, R.O. (1979). Observing gestures. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 14, 1-4 .
              Rec#: 338
              Keywords: nonverbal cues/detection of deception.
              Notes: Part 2 14(3), 1-4; Part 3 14(4), 1-4; Part 4 14(5), 1-4. Do not have part 2.

1236. Arther, R.O. (1967). Peak of tension: Basic information. The Journal of Polygraph
              Studies, 1, 4
              Rec#: 296
              Keywords: techniques-peak of tension-Arther/techniques-Arther-peak of tension.

1237. Arther, R.O. (1968). Peak of tension: dangers. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 2,
              Rec#: 300
              Keywords: techniques-peak of tension-Arther/techniques-Arther-peak of tension.

1238. Arther, R.O. (1970). Peak of tension: Examination procedures. The Journal of
              Polygraph Studies, 5, 1-4.
              Rec#: 309
              Keywords: techniques-Arther/techniques-peak of tension.

1239. Arther, R.O. (1970). Peak of tension: Question formulation. The Journal of Polygraph
              Studies, 4,
              Rec#: 310
              Keywords: question formulation-peak of tension/question formulation-Arther
              technique/techniques-peak of tension/techniques-Arther-peak of tension.

1240. Arther, R.O. (1996). The peak of tension test. The journal of polygraph science, 31,
              Rec#: 5368
              Keywords: peak of tension .

1241. Arther, R.O. (1974). Periodic polygraph examinations. The Journal of Polygraph
              Science, 9,
              Rec#: 324
              Keywords: periodic examinations/screening-commercial-periodic.

1242. Arther, R.O. (1994). Polygraph agreement and stipulation. The Journal of Polygraph
              Science, 29,
              Rec#: 6970
              Keywords: historical interest   .

1243. Arther, R.O. (1967). The polygraph determines the truth in disputed paternity cases.
              The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 2, 1-4.
              Rec#: 297
              Keywords: applications-paternity/cases-paternity.

1244. Arther, R.O. (1967). Polygraph picks potential policemen. The Journal of Polygraph
              Studies, 2,
              Rec#: 298
              Keywords: screening-police.

1245. Arther, R.O. (1993). Polygraph profession in danger. The Journal of Polygraph
              Science, 27,
              Rec#: 6954
              Keywords: examiners-certification.

1246. Arther, R.O. (1993). Polygraph profession remains in danger!! The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 28,
              Rec#: 6955
              Keywords: examiners-certification.

1247. Arther, R.O. (1969). Polygraph report wording. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 3,
              Rec#: 7019
              Keywords: polygraph general.

1248. Arther, R.O. (1978). Polygraph report wording. The Journal of Polygraph Science,
              12, 1-4.
              Rec#: 336
              Keywords: report wording.

1249. Arther, R.O. (1995). Polygraph report wording. The Journal of Polygraph Science,
              30,
              Rec#: 5715
              Keywords: word association/pretest interview/reexaminations.

1250. Arther, R.O. (1964). The polygraph's enemies. Law and Order, 12, 42
              Rec#: 288
              Keywords: criticism-morality/criticism-scientific/criticism-reply.

1251. Arther, R.O. (1966). The polygraph's enemies. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 1,
              Rec#: 292
              Keywords: criticism-morality/criticism-scientific/criticism-reply.

1252. Arther, R.O. (1988). The polygraph's enemies: 1988 update. The Journal of Polygraph
              Science, 22,
              Rec#: 369
              Keywords: public relations.

1253. Arther, R.O. (1979). The polygraphist and the investigator: Working together as an
              effective team - Part 1. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 13, 1-4.
              Rec#: 339
              Keywords: public relations.

1254. Arther, R.O. (1979). The polygraphist and the investigator: Working together as an
              effective team - Part 2. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 13, 1-4.
              Rec#: 340
              Keywords: pretest interview.

1255. Arther, R.O. (1979). The polygraphist and the investigator: Working together as an
              effective team - Part 3. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 14, 1-4.
              Rec#: 341
              Keywords: question formulation-relevant questions-Arther/interrogation/public
              relations.

1256. Arther, R.O. (1997). Pre-employment polygraph examinations. The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 32,
              Rec#: 5399
              Keywords: preemployment screening/background investigations/cases-criminal.

1257. Arther, R.O. (1982). Procedures for unusual situations. The Journal of Polygraph
              Science, 16, 4
              Rec#: 351
              Keywords: subjects-handicapped/techniques-handicapped.

1258. Arther, R.O. (1994). Questions and answers updated. The Journal of Polygraph
              Science, 28,
              Rec#: 6973
              Keywords: pretest.

1259. Arther, R.O. (1968). Re-examinations. The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 3,
              Rec#: 6989
              Keywords: reexaminations/charts/pretest/interrogation.

1260. Arther, R.O. (1971). Recommended law-enforcement polygraph rules and regulations.
              The Journal of Polygraph Studies, 6,
              Rec#: 7020
              Keywords: law enforcement/regulations/evidence.

1261. Arther, R.O. (1980). Reducing company pre-employment "no-shows". The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 15, 3-4.
              Rec#: 342
              Keywords: screening-commercial-Arther/business aspects.
1262. Arther, R.O. (1996). Required law enforcement polygraph rules and regulation. The
              Journal of Polygraph Science, 30,
              Rec#: 5347
              Keywords: evidence/reexaminations/preemployment screening-general.

1263. Arther, R.O. (1972). The required polygraph suite. The Journal of Polygraph Studies,
              7,
              Rec#: 317
              Keywords: facilities.

1264. Arther, R.O. (1993). The required polygraph suite. The Journal of Polygraph Science,
              28,
              Rec#: 6992
              Keywords: reliability/validity.

1265. Arther, R.O. Anonymous. (1965). The scientific investigator.   Springfield, IL:
              Charles C. Thomas. - p.
              Rec#: 290
              Keywords: crime labs.

1266. Arther, R.O. (1988). The security clearance polygraph examination. The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 22, 1-4.
              Rec#: 370
              Keywords: screening-police/applicants/techniques-Arther.

1267. Arther, R.O. (1974). Should a law enforcement polygraphist examine his fellow
              officers? No! Law & Order, 105-106.
              Rec#: 325
              Keywords: cases-police/applications-internal affairs.

1268. Arther, R.O. (1996). Special situation procedures. The Journal of Polygraph Science,
              30,
              Rec#: 5793
              Keywords: pretest interview.

1269. Arther, R.O. (1968). The subversive in the police department. The Journal of
              Polygraph Studies, 2,
              Rec#: 301
              Keywords: screening-police/applications-subversion-police.

1270. Arther, R.O. (1998). Truths about the proven truth verifier- the polygraph. The Journal
              of Polygraph Science, 33,
              Rec#: 5422
              Keywords: truth verification, inc/physiological responses.

1271. Arther, R.O. (1996). The two types of spot responders. The Journal of Polygraph
              Science, 30,
              Rec#: 5803
              Keywords: chart markings/control questions/verification tests.

1272. Arther, R.O. (1977). An unusual New York State Supreme Court case. The Journal of
              Polygraph Science, 11, 1-4.
              Rec#: 335
              Keywords: admissibility-New York.

1273. Arther, R.O. (1991). Updating breathing analysis: Part one. The Journal of Polygraph
              Science, 26,
              Rec#: 9697
              Keywords: pneumo.

1274. Arther, R.O. (1991). Updating breathing analysis: Part two. The Journal of Polygraph
              Science, 26,
              Rec#: 6949
              Keywords: heart rate/verification tests/pneumo.

1275. Arther, R.O. Anonymous. (1953). Outline of a report delivered before the annual
              meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Boston,
              MA,
              Rec#: 280
              Keywords: admissibility-juveniles/applications-juveniles.

1276. Arther, R.O. (nd). Use of Reid polygraph by insurance companies. The Eastern
              Underwriter,
              Rec#: 6265
              Keywords: applications-insurance.

1277. Arther, R.O. (1993). Using an interpreter. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 27,
              Rec#: 6974
              Keywords: interpreters/reexaminations.

1278. Arther, R.O. (1964). Why does law enforcement attract so many failures. Law and
              Order, 12, 62-69.
              Rec#: 289
              Keywords: screening-police-Arther.

1279. Arther, R.O. (1976). Wording the known-lie questions. The Journal of Polygraph
              Science, 10, 1-4.
              Rec#: 6267
              Keywords: question formulation-Arther technique.

1280. Arther, R.O. (1966). Words make the profession. The Journal of Polygraph Studies,
              1,
              Rec#: 6977
              Keywords: polygraph-profession.

1281. Arther, R.O., & Arther, C.A. (1998). Educational catalog 1998 thru 2000. New York:
               National Training Center of Polygraph Science.
               Rec#: 7616
               Keywords: polygraph general/promotional material.

1282. Arther, R.O., & Arther, C.A. (1999). How the polygraph greatly assists attorneys. The
              Journal of Polygraph Science, 33,
              Rec#: 4528
              Keywords: lying/accuracy.

1283. Arther, R.O., & Arther, C.A. (1998). Medicines, drugs and alcohol vs. the polygraph.
              The Journal of Polygraph Science, 30,
              Rec#: 5500
              Keywords: drug use/drugs-alcohol.

1284. Arther, R.O., & Arther, C.A. (1999). Principles of controls--especially knowl-lie
              questions. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 33,
              Rec#: 4653
              Keywords: lying/control questions/reliability/validity/PDD.

1285. Arther, R.O., & Arther, C.A. (1992). True known-lie questions = superior charts. The
              Journal of Polygraph Science, 26,
              Rec#: 9698
              Keywords: lying.

1286. Arther, R.O., & Arther, C.A. (1994). The use of the polygraph by investigators. The
              Journal of Polygraph Science, 29,
              Rec#: 6972
              Keywords: historical interest /GSR/blood pressure/Accuracy.

1287. Arther, Richard O. and Phillips, Barbara J. An effective way of learning a person's
              background. 59.
              Rec#: 375
              Keywords: pretest preparation.
              Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1288. Arther, R.O., & Phillips, B.J. (1963). Words make the profession: A commentary on
              terminology for the polygraph examiner. Law and Order, 11, 10-12.
              Rec#: 376
              Keywords: terminology.

1289. Arther, R.O., & Reid, J.E. (1954). Utilizing the lie detector to determine the truth in
              disputed paternity cases. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police
              Science, 45, 213-221.
              Rec#: 377
              Keywords: cases-paternity/applications-paternity.

1290. Arther, R.O., Robertson, B.P., & Redstone, P.L. (1990). Model polygraph guidelines for
              accreditation: Part One. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 25,
               Rec#: 6956
               Keywords: accreditation/preemployment screening.

1291. Arther, R.O., Robertson, B.P., & Redstone, P.L. (1990). Model polygraph guidelines for
              accreditation: Part Two. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 25,
              Rec#: 6957
              Keywords: interrogation/polygraph general.

1292. Ash, P. (1980). The polygraph in pre-employment screening: Research on
             pre-employment use. Polygraph, 9, 17-26.
             Rec#: 384
             Keywords:
             screening-general-Reid/validity-screening-commercial/surveys-applicants/surveys
             -employees.

1293. Ash, P. (1975). Predicting dishonesty with the Reid report. Polygraph, 4, 139-153.
             Rec#: 381
             Keywords: paper and pencil tests/applications-preemployment/research-paper and
             pencil tests.

1294. Ash, P. (1971). Screening employment applicants for attitudes toward theft. Journal of
             Applied Psychology, 55, 161-164.
             Rec#: 379
             Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment/paper and pencil tests.

1295. Ash, P. (1973). Survey of attitudes on the polygraph. Polygraph, 2, 200-223.
             Rec#: 380
             Keywords: surveys.

1296. Ash, P. N. Ansley. (1975). Survey of subjects, attorneys and scientists .     Springfield,
             IL: Charles C. Thomas. 79-93 p.
             Rec#: 382
             Keywords: surveys-subjects/surveys-attorneys/surveys-scientists.

1297. Ash, Philip. Validation of an instrument to predict the likelihood of employee theft; part
             2. 579-580. 70.
             Rec#: 6271
             Keywords: preemployment screening.
             Notes: Proceedings, 78th annual convention, American Psychological
             Association, University of Illinois at Chicago Circle.

1298. Ash, P., Kenyon, O., Wagman, A.M.I., Trovillo, P.V., & Barland, G.H. N. Ansley.
             (1975). Validity panel. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 153-185 p.
             Rec#: 386
             Keywords: validity-general.

1299. Ash, P., Slora, K.B., & Britton, C.F. (1990). Police agency officer selection practices.
             Journal of Police Science and Administration, 17, 258-269.
              Rec#: 9699
              Keywords: applications-applicants/police selection/screening-preemployment.

1300. Associated Research, Inc. (nd). Keeler Polygram Bulletin 6-15.5,
             Rec#: 6291
             Keywords: historical interest-instruments.
             Notes: 1 p.

1301. Associated Research, Inc. (nd). Keeler Polygraph Bulletin 133,
             Rec#: 6290
             Keywords: instruments-Keeler polygraph/historical interest-instruments.
             Notes: 5 p.

1302. Associated Research, Inc. "Value of lie detector tremendous". Keeler Polygram
             Bulletin 6-15.7,
             Rec#: 6292
             Keywords: historical interest-law enforcement.
             Notes: 2 p.

1303. Associated Research, Incorporated. (1940). Keeler Polygraph Bulletin K, -
             Rec#: 391
             Keywords: instruments-Keeler Polygraph/techniques-R &
             I-Keeler/techniques-peak of tension-Keeler/test data analysis-R & I/historical
             interest-techniques/historical interest-instruments.
             Notes: 12 p.

1304. Atcheson, M. (1980). Polygraph tests in pre-employment screening: Should they be
            controlled by law? Polygraph, 9, 26-30.
            Rec#: 392
            Keywords: screening-commercial-law/legislation-screening-commercial.

1305. Atkinson, J. (1982). The box. Texas Monthly, 180-188.
             Rec#: 6272
             Keywords: polygraph-general.

1306. Atmiyanandana, V. (1976). An experimental study in the detection of deception in
            cross-cultural communication. Dissertation Abstracts International, 37: (7-A).
            3974
            Rec#: 394
            Keywords: cultural differences/Latin American/Asian/dissertations and
            theses/nonverbal detection of deception/cross-cultural differences.
            Notes: (University Microfilm No. 76-29416), 141 p.

1307. Atwood, W.F. (1976). New standard for school accreditation proposed. APA
            Newsletter, 20-25.
            Rec#: 401
            Keywords: training-school accreditation/American Polygraph Association-school
            accreditation.
1308. Atwood, Walter F. Pre-test interviewing, a critical factor in applicant screening. 62.
            Rec#: 400
            Keywords: screening-federal-pretest/pretest interview/errors.
            Notes: Paper presented to the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners,
            Chicago, IL.

1309. Atwood, W.F. (1989). Test results restore drivers license. APA Newsletter, 22, 20
            Rec#: 404
            Keywords: cases-drivers license.

1310. Atwood, Walter F. and Belt, Norman E. Professionalism - Our future standards and
            qualifications. 63.
            Rec#: 405
            Keywords: examiners-professionalism/ethics.
            Notes: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of
            Polygraph Examiners, Chicago, IL.

1311. Atwood, W.F., & Hollien, H. (1986). Stress monitoring by polygraphy for research
            purposes. Polygraph, 15, 47-56.
            Rec#: 406
            Keywords: research-stress.

1312. Aubry, A.S. (1962). Are we using lie detectors? Police, 6, 40-42.
             Rec#: 407
             Keywords: law enforcement.

1313. Anonymous. (1972). The polygraph and the interrogator. In A.S. Aubry & R.R. Caputo
           (Eds.), Criminal interrogation . (pp. - Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
           Rec#: 409
           Keywords: interrogation-criminal.
           Notes: Also chapter 26, p. 340-345 in 3rd ed. (1980).

1314. Aubry, A.S., Caputo, R.R., & Gallati, R.R. Anonymous. (1965). Criminal interrogation.
             Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. - p.
             Rec#: 408
             Keywords: interrogation-criminal.

1315. Anonymous. (1980). The current status of lie detection 1979. In A.S. Aubry, R.R.
           Caputo, & R.R.J. Gallati (Eds.), Criminal interrogation. (pp. 346-355).
           Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
           Rec#: 7264
           Keywords: confessions/Supreme Court/pneumograph/blood
           pressure/GSR/physiological responses/reliability/accuracy.
           Notes: Chapter 28.
           Abstract: This third edition contains revised and updated chapters, and five new
           chapters, on interrogator qualifications, current legal aspects of confessions, the
           status of lie detection, the art and science of persuasion, and selected United
              States Supreme Court decisions from 1971 to 1979.

1316. Augeri, R.M. (1990). Polygraph: A brief history. INSCOM Journal, 13, 18-21.
             Rec#: 8898
             Keywords: history/INSCOM/examiners-recruitment.

1317. Ax, Albert F. Multivariant recording of physiological processes. 54.
             Rec#: 4853
             Keywords: physiology/stress/screening/physiological responses/physiological
             processes.

1318. Ax, A.F. (1953). The physiological differentiation between fear and anger in humans.
             Psychosomatic Medicine, 15, 433-442.
             Rec#: 6629
             Keywords: blood pressure/heart rate/skin perspiration/anger.

1319. Ax, A.F. M. Greenblati & H.C. Solomon. (1953). The Polygraph Procedure.         New
             York, N.Y.: Springer Publishing Company, Inc. 87-94 p.
             Rec#: 9707
             Keywords: polygraph techniques/autonomic nervous system/emotion.

1320. Axelrod, R.M. (1980). The need for an evidentiary privelege for the use of lie detectors
            in criminal cases: Investigation as risk. South Carolina Law Review, 31,
            469-553.
            Rec#: 415
            Keywords: admissibility-evidentiary privilege/admissibility-criminal
            cases/law-evidentiary privilege.

1321. Ayers, J., & Heineman, R.E. (1985). Most cost-effective part of the hiring process.
             Security Management, 29, 55-56.
             Rec#: 419
             Keywords: screening-commercial-applicants.

1322. B&W Associates. Anonymous. (1960).
           Rec#: 421
           Keywords: instruments-electrodermal-B&W/training-manual-B&W.
           Notes: Michigan City, Indiana .

1323. Backster, Cleve. "Anticlimax dampening" concept. Annual school research series of
             polygraph technique trends. 1-2. 60.
             Rec#: 8899
             Keywords: anticlimax dampening.

1324. Backster, C. (1963). Anticlimax dampening concept. Military Police Journal, 22-23.
             Rec#: 446
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test-Backster/test data
             analysis-Backster/theory-anticlimax dampening concept.
1325. Backster, C. (1974). Anticlimax dampening concept. Polygraph, 3, 48-50.
             Rec#: 455
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test-Backster/test data
             analysis-Backster/theory-anticlimax dampening concept.

1326. Backster, C. (1963). The Backster chart reliability rating method. Law and Order, 11,
             63-64.
             Rec#: 439
             Keywords: test data analysis-Backster/reliability.

1327. Backster, Cleve. Backster evaluation - confidential report forms. 56.
             Rec#: 8904
             Keywords: Backster technique.

1328. Backster, Cleve. Backster's rules for breathing tracing interpretations. nd.
             Rec#: 9709
             Keywords: test data analysis/respiration/pneumo.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1329. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison polygraph technique - pre-examination target
             reliability estimate. nd.
             Rec#: 8900
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/Backster, Cleve.

1330. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison technique (basis for spot analysis numerical
             scoring). 83.
             Rec#: 8906
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/ZCT/Backster, Cleve.

1331. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison technique - chart analysis rules. 89.
             Rec#: 8909
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/test data analysis.

1332. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison technique: Chart analysis rules. 90.
             Rec#: 461
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test-Backster/test data analysis-Backster.
             Notes: Paper presented at the 25th annual seminar of the American Polygraph
             Association, Louisville, KY.

1333. Backster, C. (nd). Backster zone comparison technique - chart interpretation.
             Rec#: 8903
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/test data analysis.

1334. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison technique: Chart interpretation - Summary.
             85.
             Rec#: 460
             Keywords: test data analysis-Backster/techniques-zone comparison test-Backster.
             Notes: Paper presented at the 20th annual seminar of the American Polygraph
              Association, Reno, NV.

1335. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison technique - exploratory test - numerical
             analysis data sheet. 84.
             Rec#: 8908
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/test data analysis/Backster, Cleve.

1336. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison technique numerically scored "spot" analysis
             tests. 83.
             Rec#: 8907
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/test data analysis/numerical
             scoring/spot analysis/Backster, Cleve.

1337. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison technique - "S-K-Y" test - numerical analysis
             data sheet. nd.
             Rec#: 8901
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/S-K-Y test/test data
             analysis/Backster, Cleve.

1338. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison test variation ("even distribution numerical
             cutoffs"). 83.
             Rec#: 8905
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/Backster, Cleve.

1339. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison test variations ("adjusted distribution
             numerical cutoffs"). 83.
             Rec#: 8942
             Keywords: test data analysis/techniques-zone comparison test/Backster, Cleve.

1340. Backster, Cleve. Backster zone comparison "YOU" phase numerical analysis (two spots)
             analysis data sheet. nd.
             Rec#: 8902
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/test data analysis/YOU
             phase/Backster, Cleve.

1341. Backster, C. (1964). Cardio baseline changes sometimes misleading. Military Police
             Journal, 24-25.
             Rec#: 450
             Keywords: test data analysis-Backster.

1342. Backster, Cleve. Chart marking. 52.
             Rec#: 427
             Keywords: test data analysis-Backster-chart marking/techniques-chart marking.
             Notes: Stoelting Technique Bulletin.

1343. Backster, C. (1974). Cleve Backster's presentation to Congressional committee.
             Polygraph, 3, 272-276.
             Rec#: 456
              Keywords: techniques/Backster, Cleve/legislation-federal/Backster technique.

1344. Backster, C. (1963). Do the charts speak for themselves? New standards in polygraph
             chart interpretation. Law and Order, 11, 67-68, 71.
             Rec#: 441
             Keywords: test data analysis-Backster.

1345. Backster, C. (1963). Don't trust the lie detector vs. do trust the lie detector. Law and
             Order, 11, 67-68.
             Rec#: 440
             Keywords: validity/reliability/criticism/Backster, Cleve.

1346. Backster, C. (1968). Evidence for a primary perception at the cellular level in plants and
             animals. International Journal of Parapsychology, 344-346.
             Rec#: 6432
             Keywords: parapsychology/plant testing.

1347. Backster, C. (1964). The grand duchess of polygraph. Law and Order, 12, 55-56.
             Rec#: 447
             Keywords: polygraph-general.

1348. Backster, Cleve. How to reduce the number of inconclusive polygraph examination
             results. 99.
             Rec#: 5610
             Keywords: inclusions/Backster, Cleve/Zone Comparison /ZCT/Backster
             technique.
             Notes: Presented by Cleve Backster at the American Polygrapaph Association,
             1999 Seminar Program at Dallas, Texas. There is no page 2, it is misnumbered.

1349. Backster, C. Anonymous. (1959 Aug 16).
             Rec#: 429
             Keywords: research-Backster, Cleve/research-instruments.

1350. Backster, Cleve. Irrelevant questions. nd.
             Rec#: 424
             Keywords: question formulation-irrelevant questions.
             Notes: Stoelting Technique Bulletin.

1351. Backster, Cleve. Is the polygraph profession's greatest danger from within? 64.
             Rec#: 425
             Keywords: ethics-examiners.
             Notes: Paper presented at the Polygraph Work Conference, Florida Law
             Enforcement Academy, Tallahassee, FL.

1352. Backster, Cleve. Josephs murder case. 82.
             Rec#: 8912
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/Backster, Cleve/cases-murder.
1353. Backster, Cleve. Lie detection comes of age (Polygraph examination is now a technique
             -- not a tool). 61.
             Rec#: 8913
             Keywords: Backster technique.

1354. Backster, C. (1962). Lie detection comes of age (Polygraph examination is now a
             technique - not a tool). Law and Order, 10, 73-74.
             Rec#: 454
             Keywords: polygraph-general-Backster, Cleve.

1355. Backster, C. (1951). The lie detector: Fact or Fiction? Washington, D. C.: Lie
             Detection, Inc.
             Rec#: 9708
             Keywords: skin conductance/guilty knowledge/preemployment screening.

1356. Backster, C. (1962). Methods of strengthening our polygraph technique. Police, 6,
             61-68.
             Rec#: 437
             Keywords: techniques-Backster.

1357. Backster, C. (1960). Misleading cardio baseline changes. Newsletter of the Academy
             for Scientific Interrogation, 1-4.
             Rec#: 433
             Keywords: test data analysis-Backster/cardio-interpretation.

1358. Backster, Cleve. National Training Center of lie detection : Research report. 60.
             Rec#: 4848
             Keywords: training-basic.

1359. Backster, Cleve. Outside "super-dampening" factor. Annual school research series of
             polygraph technique trends. 5-7. 60.
             Rec#: 8915
             Keywords: super-dampening factors.

1360. Backster, C. (1964). Outside "super-dampening" factor. Military Police Journal,
             20-21.
             Rec#: 3632
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test.

1361. Backster, C. (1964). Polygraph. Military Police Journal, 20-21.
             Rec#: 448
             Keywords: polygraph-general-Backster, Cleve.

1362. Backster, Cleve. The polygraph (lie detector): Fact or fiction? 68.
             Rec#: 452
             Keywords: psychophysiology-polygraph
             theory/instrumentation/validity/examiners-expertise/applications.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.
1363. Backster, C. (1963). Polygraph professionalization through technique standardization.
             Law and Order, 11, 63-65.
             Rec#: 442
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test-Backster/question formulation-zone
             comparison-Backster.

1364. Backster, C. (1964). Polygraph spot analysis versus non-localized analysis. Law and
             Order, 12, 31-32.
             Rec#: 449
             Keywords: test data analysis/spot analysis/non-localized analysis.

1365. Backster, C. (1963). Polygraph technique trouble shooting. Law and Order, 11,
             54-55.
             Rec#: 443
             Keywords: question formulation-Backster/techniques-Backster.

1366. Backster, C. (1974). Reducing inconclusive results by pre-testing relevant questions.
             Polygraph, 3, 216-219.
             Rec#: 457
             Keywords: question formulation-relevant questions-Backster.

1367. Backster, Cleve. Reducing "inconclusives" by pre-testing relevant questions. Technique
             Tips. nd.
             Rec#: 8918
             Keywords: question formulation/relevant questions/Backster, Cleve.

1368. Backster, C. (1966). Respiration cycle identification in breathing tracing interpretation.
             Tri-Zone Polygraph Bulletin, 1, 1-14.
             Rec#: 451
             Keywords: test data analysis-pneumo/pneumo-interpretation.

1369. Backster, C. (2001). A response to Krapohl & Ryan's "belated look at symptomatic
             questions". Polygraph, 30, 213-215.
             Rec#: 7376
             Keywords: ruper-dampening concept/symptomatic questions.

1370. Backster, Cleve. "Spot analysis" vs. "non-localized analysis" techniques. Annual school
             research series of polygraph technique trends. 3-4. 60.
             Rec#: 8919
             Keywords: test data analysis-Backster/spot analysis.

1371. Backster, Cleve. Standardized polygraph notepack and technique guide. 79.
             Rec#: 8920
             Keywords: Backster technique .

1372. Backster, C. Anonymous. (1963). Standardized polygraph notepack and technique
             guide: Backster zone comparison technique. New York: Cleve Baxter. - p.
             Rec#: 444
              Keywords: Backster technique.

1373. Anonymous. Statement of Cleve Backster, Director, Backster School of Lie Detection,
           New York, NY . ed. Washington, DC: GPO. 373-384p.
           Rec#: 8921
           Keywords: polygraph-general/Backster, Cleve/instrumentation/plant
           testing/question formulation-Backster/techniques-Backster/legislation-federal.

1374. Backster, Cleve. "Total chart minutes" concept. Annual school research series of
             polygraph technique trends. 8. 60.
             Rec#: 8922
             Keywords: total chart minutes/cardio/pneumo/electrodermal/Backster, Cleve.

1375. Backster, C. (1963). Total chart minutes concept. Law and Order, 11, 77-79.
             Rec#: 445
             Keywords: research-habituation/test data
             analysis-habituation/theory-habituation/electrodermal-habituation/psychophysiolo
             gy-habituation/total chart minutes .

1376. Backster, Cleve. Tri-zone reaction combinations - Backster zone comparison test. 62.
             Rec#: 8923
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/Backster, Cleve.

1377. Backster, C. Anonymous. (1960).
             Rec#: 432
             Keywords: test data analysis-chart markings/chart markings.
             Notes: C. H. Stoelting Company bulletin.

1378. Backster, Cleve. Why is the GSR neglected? 58.
             Rec#: 428
             Keywords: electrodermal-GSR.
             Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Academy of
             Polygraph Examiners.

1379. Backster, Cleve. Zone comparison technique. Annual school research series of polygraph
             technique trends. 8. 60.
             Rec#: 8924
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/Backster, Cleve.

1380. Badgley, Theodore M. Psychiatric screening for security. 64.
            Rec#: 463
            Keywords: psychiatric disorders/security screening/schizophrenia/recognition.
            Notes: Address to the International Association for Polygraph Research, Munich,
            Germany.

1381. Baesen, H.V., Chung, C.-M., & Yang, C.-Y. (1948-1949). A lie-detector experiment.
            Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 39, 532-537.
            Rec#: 464
              Keywords: historical interest/techniques-peak of tension/techniques-control
              question test.

1382. Baesler, E.J., & Burgoon, J.K. (1987). Measurement and reliability of nonverbal
             behavior. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 11, 205-233.
             Rec#: 9710
             Keywords: nonverbal-communication/measurement/interrater-reliability/literature
             review.
             Abstract: Synthesizes data on the reliability of nonverbal behaviors, classified
             according to kinesics, proxemics, haptics, vocalics, turn-taking behaviors, and
             global assessments, across a wide range of studies identified in a literature review
             to determine (1) which nonverbal behaviors within each classification can be
             measured reliably and (2) which codes/classifications can be reliably measured. It
             is concluded that (1) most nonverbal behaviors within each classification, except
             vocalics, can be measured reliably and (2) the codes themselves, when considered
             in aggregate form, can be measured reliably when using the median as the best
             estimate.

1383. Bailey, C. (1983). Student falsified rape story. Commercial Appeal, -
               Rec#: 465
              Keywords: cases-rape-false/cases-false reports.
              Notes: Reprinted in APA Newsletter, 17(1), 34.

1384. Bailey, F.L. (1976). The use of the Polygraph. In Anonymous, Investigation and
              preparation of criminal cases. (pp. 357-381). New York, N. Y.: The lawyers
              co-operative publishing, Co.
              Rec#: 9711
              Keywords: evidence/psychological stress evaluator/admissibility-Bailey, F.
              Lee/stress.

1385. Bailey, F. Lee. An address by F. Lee Bailey. 68.
              Rec#: 468
              Keywords: admissibility/Bailey, F. Lee/criminal justice system.
              Notes: The American Polygraph Association Seminar, Washington, DC.
              Reprinted in part (August 22) Evening Star and The Washington Post, p. D22.

1386. Bailey, F.L. (1972). The polygraph in court. Auburndale, MA: BHF Printing, Inc.
              Rec#: 6235
              Keywords: credibility/courtroom testimony/testimony-scientific
              reliability/admissibility-courts martial.
              Abstract: The complete transcript of expert testimony in support of laying a
              foundation for scientific credibility of the polygraph and its technique as given
              before the judge in the trial by Courts Martial of Captain Ernest Medina regarding
              My Lai 4, and other interesting features about such presentation in trial
              proceedings. Contains testimony from Cleve Backster, Lemoyne Snyder, John
              Reid, Charles Zimmermann, and Clayborne Lowry.
1387. Bailey, F.L. (1962). Proposed statute for licensing of polygraph examiners. Newsletter
              of the Academy for Scientific Interrogation, 3
              Rec#: 466
              Keywords: licensing-proposed.

1388. Bailey, F.L. (1967). [Review of the book Truth and deception]. Suffolk University Law
              Review, 1, 137-141.
              Rec#: 467
              Keywords: book reviews.

1389. Bailey, F. Lee. The status of polygraphic evidence in courts of the United States. 83.
              Rec#: 470
              Keywords: admissibility-state/admissibility-federal.
              Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1390. Bailey, F.L. (1978). Watch out for trial lawyers. Newsweek, January 2, 7
              Rec#: 9712
              Keywords: guessing/courtroom testimony-cross examination.

1391. Bailey, F.L.,, & Rothblatt, H.B. Anonymous. (1970). The use of the polygraph.
              Rochester, NY: Lawyer's Cooperative Publishing Company. 287-383 p.
              Rec#: 474
              Keywords: admissibility-criminal cases/courtroom testimony.

1392. Bailey F Lee, Zuckerman, R.E., & Pierce, K.R. (1989). The Employee Polygraph
             Protection Act : A manual for polygraph examiners and employers. Severna
             Park M.D.: Amerian Polygraph Association.
             Rec#: 7286
             Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act of
             1988/investigations-commercial.
             Abstract: This manual is intended as a guide to compliance with the Employee
             Polygraph Protection Act of 1988. This act allows for one type of lie detector test
             - the polygraph - to be used by private sector employers for certain types of
             pre-employment screening, and as an aid in investigations of incidents involving
             economic loss or injury to the business or the lawyer. The guide is primarily
             intended for polygraph examiners but may be used by private employers.

1393. Johnnie B. McKenzie, Appellant, vs. State of Florida, Appellee. (@1991). Bailey,
             Fishman, Freeman and Ferrin.
             Rec#: 6434
             Keywords: admissibility-Frye case.
             Notes: The District Court of Appeal of the State of Florida, Fourth District, Case
             No: 92-03303, Circuit No: 91-10781 CFA2.

1394. Baird, J.M. (1993). Detection of deception based on responses to structured interview
              questions. Dissertation Abstract International , 31, 1943
              Rec#: 478
              Keywords: dissertations and theses.
              Notes: Masters thesis, University of Houston (University microfilm NO:
              AAD13-52108), 76 pages.
              Abstract: Thirty municipal jail trustees served as subjects in a study on the
              detection of truth and deception. The researcher used structured interview
              questions to question subjects about damaged property found in an interview
              room. Half of these subjects truthfully claimed to have no knowledge about who
              damaged the property. The remaining subjects watched the confederate damage
              the property, and were instructed to lie about it by the confederate, a police jailer
              who determined their trustee status. All of the subjects professed no knowledge
              about the damage, despite the fact that one-half had knowledge of the damage. A
              statistical analysis of the responses to these structured interview questions found a
              significant difference between truthful and deceptive answers ($\chi\sp2$(1) =
              20.07; $p < .001)$.

1395. Baker, A.J.L., Tabacoff, R., Tornusciolo, G., & Eisenstadt, M. (2001). Calculating
             number of offenses and victims of juvenilve sexual offending: The role of
             posttreatment disclosures. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and
             Treatment, 13, 79-90.
             Rec#: 7175
             Keywords: sex offenders/juveniles.
             Abstract: This research was designed to compare data obtained from agency
             records at three treatment programs for juvenile male sex offenders with
             information available from clinicians once youth and thier families had been in
             treatment for at least 6 months.

1396. Baker, G.A., Hanley, J.R., Jackson, H.F., Kimmance, S., & Slade, P. (1993). Detecting
             the faking of amnesia: performance differences between simulators and patients
             with memory impairment. Journal of Clinical and Experimental
             Neuropsychology, 15, 668-684.
             Rec#: 479
             Keywords: amnesia.

1397. Baker, L., Goldstein, R., & Stern, J.A. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph
             Institute. (1992 Dec). DoDPI92-R-0003,
             Rec#: 480
             Keywords: eye movement/saccades/subjects-veracity.
             Notes: DTIC AD Number A304658.
             Abstract: Informal observations suggest that sacadic eye movements which occur
             during the period beginning when a subject indicates readiness for the next trial
             and ending at the outset of the following trial may be indicative of subject
             veracity. The validity of this informal observation was tested by calculating
             analyses of variance using previously collected data from 10 subjects. Among
             the measures analyzed were: mean saccade amplitude per trial; total saccade
             amplitude per trial; and total number of saccades per trial as well as visual
             fixation frequency; mediation fixation durations in a trial around the mean
             duration for that trial; and variance of fixation durations in a trial calculated
              around the mean duration of the entire session. Variables examined included the
              direction of saccadic movement and subject veracity. While there were sporadic
              significant differences, it is concluded that there is little support for the hypothesis
              that post-response saccadic or fixation activity can be used to determine subject
              veracity. It is emphasized that significant effects indicative of subject veracity
              were found when subjects were responding to a question, but that this response
              pattern ceases after the response to the question of interest occurs.

1398. Baker, L., Stern, J.A., & Goldstein, R. Anonymous. Washington University Behavior
             Research Laboratory (WUBRL), Department of Psychology. (1900a). Final
             report for Contract #90-F131400,
             Rec#: 481
             Keywords: pupillometry/eye movement/saccades/eye blink/reaction
             time/EOG/skin potential.

1399. Baker, L., & Wagner, J.L. (1987). Evaluating information for truthfulness: The effects
             of logical subordination. Memory & Cognition, 15, 247-255.
             Rec#: 482
             Keywords: logical subordination/truthfulness.

1400. Baker, N.F., & Inbau, F.E. (1933). The scientific detection of crime. Minnesota Law
             Review, 17, 602-609.
             Rec#: 483
             Keywords: cases-murder/historical
             interest-techniques-Keeler/techniques-searching peak of tension-Keeler.
             Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph 30 (2), 81-97.

1401. Baker, R. (1980). Lie detector operator pulls a thread and unravels a murder. Peoria
             Journal Star,
             Rec#: 484
             Keywords: screening-commercial-Illinois/cases-homicide.

1402. Baker Stephen A. (1995). Effects of law enforcement accreditation: Officer selection,
             promotion, and education. Westport, CT: Praeger.
             Rec#: 7657
             Keywords: accreditation/police-administration/screening-police.
             Notes: Contains polygraph on pgs 34-40 & 98-103.
             Abstract: A study evaluates the effects of police agency accreditation on
             personnel administration, particularly: the adoption of procedures for selecting
             new officers; the setting of educational requirements; and the use of testing
             techniques for promotion. A quasi-experimental design compares 70 accredited
             municipal police departments in the U.S. with 64 matched non-accredited
             agencies. Data were obtained from a self-administered questionnaire. Overall,
             there were only slight differences between accredited and unaccredited agencies
             in the use of oral interviews, background checks and written exams to select new
             officers. Accredited agencies did, however, use a current job analysis and
             polygraph screening more frequently. Differences between accredited and
              non-accredited departments in educational requirements for recruits were not
              statistically significant. Promotion procedures were unaffected by accreditation
              status and department size, although there was an effect for some specific
              mechanisms. For example, accredited agencies made greater use of assessment
              centers than unaccredited agencies. Thus, accreditation is having a positive
              impact which is, however, small and not statistically significant.

1403. Bales, J. (1987). Polygraph called invalid job screen. APA Monitor, 18, 28
              Rec#: 486
              Keywords: law-limiting/criticism/legislation-federal/American Psychological
              Association.

1404. Bales, J. (1988). Polygraph screening banned in Senate bill. APA Monitor, 19, 10
              Rec#: 487
              Keywords: criticism/Raskin, David C./McGuiness, Kevin/Harvey, Jay/Camara,
              Wayne/Katkin, Edward/Saxe, Leonard/legislation-federal/American
              Psychological Association.

1405. Anonymous. Testimony of Geroge W. Ball. ed.
           Rec#: 6682
           Keywords: constitutional rights/NSDD-84/National Security Decision Directive
           84.

1406. Ball, T.J. (1991). The polygraph's part in prosecuting. Security Management, 46-47.
              Rec#: 488
              Keywords: applications-employee misconduct/applications-theft.

1407. Balloun, K.D., & Holmes, D.S. (1979). Effects of repeated examinations on the ability
             to detect guilt with a polygraphic examination: A laboratory experiment with a
             real crime. Journal of Applied Psychology, 64, 316-322.
             Rec#: 490
             Keywords: reexaminations/reliability/techniques-GKT/validity/heart rate/finger
             pulse volume.

1408. Baltissen, R., & Boucsein, W. (1986). Effects of a warning signal on reactions to
              aversive white noise stimulation: Does warning "short-circuit" habituation?
              Psychophysiology, 23, 224-231.
              Rec#: 9132
              Keywords: habituation/orienting response/perception/stimuli-aversive.

1409. Bamford, J. Anonymous. (2001). Body of Secrets. New York, New York:
            Doubleday. 537-542 p. 0-385-49907-8.
            Rec#: 3409
            Keywords: polygraph general/background investigations/historical
            interest-screening.

1410. Bami, H.L. (1982). Scientific aid equipment for crime investigation. C.B.I. Bulletin,
            16, 1-6.
              Rec#: 491
              Keywords: crime investigation-scientific equipment.
              Abstract: Discribes the polygraph as a sophisticated psycho-pharmacological
              equipment widely used to determine the truthfulness of information offered by a
              suspect/witness under interrogation. Has been used for decades and refined to a
              level, where in the hands of a competent expert, has reliability of up to 98%.
              Talks about introducing the Lafayette instrument in India.

1411. Baranowski, G.H. (1998). Managing sex offenders in the community with the assistance
            of polygraph testing. Polygraph, 27, 75-88.
            Rec#: 6833
            Keywords: applications-sex offenders/sex offenders.

1412. Baranowski, George H. Polygraph monitoring/testing programs of sex offenders in
            treatment - "society's early warning system". 95.
            Rec#: 9073
            Keywords: applications-sex offenders/applications-monitoring.
            Notes: Presentation at the American Polygraph Association 30th annual seminar
            and workshop, Las Vegas, NV.

1413. Barber, T.X. (1965). Physiological effects of "hypnotic suggestions": A critical review
             of recent research (1960-1964). Psychological Bulletin, 63, 201-222.
             Rec#: 500
             Keywords: hypnosis/surveys-hypnosis-research.

1414. Barber, T.X., & Calverley, D.S. (1966). Toward a theory of hypnotic behavior:
             Experimental analyses of suggested amnesia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology,
             71, 95-107.
             Rec#: 501
             Keywords: theory-hypnotic behavior/hypnosis.

1415. Anonymous. ed. 1965 Aug 02-1965 Aug 07; Chicago, IL: Keeler Polygraph
           Institute . 1-39p.
           Rec#: 504
           Keywords: research-peak of tension/validity-searching peak of
           tension/techniques-peak of tension-Keeler/dissertations and theses.
           Notes: (Master's thesis, Western Michigan University) Presented at the Keeler
           Polygraph Institute second annual seminar proceedings.

1416. Barber, William E. Interrogation: Listening as a factor. nd.
             Rec#: 502
             Keywords: interrogation-listening.
             Notes: Paper presented at the Keeler Polygraph Institute, Chicago, IL.

1417. Barber, William E. Interrogation techniques: Practical and psychological aspects. nd.
             Rec#: 503
             Keywords: interrogation-psychology.
               Notes: Paper presented at the Keeler Polygraph Institute, Chicago, IL.

1418. Anonymous. ed. Chicago, IL: Keeler Polygraph Institute. 1-12p.
           Rec#: 505
           Keywords: screening-police.
           Notes: Proceedings of the Keeler Polygraph Institute Alumni Association Seminar
           .

1419. Barber, William E. Psychological aspects of interrogation. 65.
             Rec#: 506
             Keywords: interrogation-psychology.
             Notes: Paper presented at the Keeler Polygraph Institute, Chicago, IL.

1420. Anonymous. ed. Chicago, IL: Keeler Polygraph Institute. 1-11p.
           Rec#: 507
           Keywords: examiners-training.
           Notes: Proceedings of the 3rd annual seminar, Keeler Polygraph Institute Alumni
           Association .

1421. Barefoot, J.K. Ed. (1972). On the side of truth- APA reviews the polygraph, employees
             and unions. Security World, November, 48-52.
             Rec#: 9713
             Keywords: labor unions/employees/American Polygraph Association.

1422. Barefoot, J.K. (1981). The bottom line on lie detectors. Wharton Magazine, 5, 66
             Rec#: 520
             Keywords: screening.

1423. Barefoot, J.K. (1979). Employee theft investigation. Los Angeles, CA: Security
             World Publishing Co., Inc.
             Rec#: 6172
             Keywords: theft-employees/confessions/interrogation/evidence.

1424. Barefoot, J.K. (1972). On the side of truth - APA discusses the polygraph, examiner and
             test - Part II. Security World, 50-60.
             Rec#: 9137
             Keywords: techniques/instrumentation/screening.

1425. Barefoot, J.K. (1972). On the side of truth - APA discusses the polygraph, history and
             techniques - Part 1. Security World, 9, 20-24.
             Rec#: 7772
             Keywords: criminalistics/research/history.

1426. Barefoot, J.K. (1972). On the side of truth - APA reviews the polygraph in the courts,
             cites cases. Security World, 9, 44-45, 47-50, 52, 54-55.
             Rec#: 7782
             Keywords: criminalistics/courtroom testimony.
             Abstract: The article states that it is time to invest the polygraph examination with
              its appropriate stature. The value of the technique, when used in a proper
              manner, warrants judicial recognition. However, this recommendation for
              recognition does not imply approval of an unconditional, or unreasoning
              acceptance. The endorsement is intended strictly for the areas where polygraph
              examination has exhibited a high degree of reliability--and only for use by a
              competent, fully professional, examiner under the proper test conditions. The
              examiner, in all cases, must be available for cross examination and court inquiry
              into the test environment, the reliability issue, and his own personal qualifications.
              In criminal cases, the defendant must be advised of the right to counsel and the
              right to remain silent.

1427. Barefoot, J.K. Anonymous. (1972). The polygraph technique: Dedicated to man's right
             to verify the truth. Linthicum Heights, MD: American Polygraph Association.
             54 p.
             Rec#: 514
             Keywords: law-labor-rights/history/techniques/applications-labor
             unions/American Polygraph Association/admissibility.

1428. Anonymous. Statement of J. Kirk Barefoot for the American Polygraph Association.
           ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
           Rec#: 519
           Keywords:
           legislation-federal-commercial/screening-commercial-preemployment/screening-c
           ommercial-investigations/American Polygraph Association.
           Notes: Printed in APA Newsletter, 13(1), 1-6.

1429. Barefoot, J.K. (1975). Supreme Court places restrictions on questioning union members.
             APA Newsletter, 3-4.
             Rec#: 516
             Keywords: interrogation-union members/law-interrogation-labor.

1430. Anonymous. Testimony of J. Kirk Barefoot, Chief of Security, Cluett, Peabody & Co.,
           New York, representing the American Polygraph Association, accompanied by
           Charles Marino, Counsel, American Polygraph Association, Chicago. ed.
           1977 Nov 15; Washington, DC: GPO. 33-196p.
           Rec#: 517
           Keywords: validity/licensing-state/screening-general/legislation-federal.

1431. Barefoot, J.K. (1985). Testimony of J. Kirk Barefoot for the American Polygraph
             Association. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Employment Opportunities of
             the House Committee on Education and Labor. Polygraph, 14, 239-242.
             Rec#: 521
             Keywords: legislation-federal-screening/screening-commercial/surveys.

1432. Barefoot, J. Kirk. A time for decisive action. 63.
             Rec#: 512
             Keywords: legislation-history/history-law.
              Notes: Paper presented at the 10th annual meeting of the American Academy of
              Polygraph Examiners, Chicago, IL.

1433. Barefoot, J.K. Anonymous. (1995). Undercover investigation. 3rd ed,         Boston:
             Butterworth-Heinemann. 0-7506-9645-1.
             Rec#: 5770
             Keywords: criminal investigations/testimony assessment.

1434. Barefoot, J.K., Bliss, G., Burki, F., Cohen, D., & Marino, C.F. N. Ansley. (1975). Labor
             and legislation panel . Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 297-327 p.
             Rec#: 511
             Keywords: applications-screening-commercial/law-screening-commercial/labor
             unions/legislation.

1435. Barker, R. (1996). Dancing with the devil: Sex, espionage and the U. S. Marines: The
             Clayton Lonetree Story. New York: Simon & Schuster.
             Rec#: 5910
             Keywords: Lonetree, Clayton
             /cases-espionage/applications-espionage/applications-military/applications-nation
             al security.
             Notes: polygraph mentioned on pgs. 43-47, 77-79, 123, 140-141, 143,160, 165,
             179, 193, 219, 221, 225, 229-230, 235,and 239.

1436. Barker, T., & Carter, D. (1990). "Fluffing up the evidence and covering your ass": Some
             conceptual notes on police lying. Deviant-Behavior, 11, 61-73.
             Rec#: 9714
             Keywords: POLICE-PERSONNEL/ORGANIZATIONAL
             BEHAVIOR/DECEPTION/JOB-PERFORMANCE.
             Abstract: Discusses the patterns of lying that might occur in a police organization,
             the circumstances under which police lies (PLs) occur, and the possible
             consequences of PLs. A taxonomy of PLs is outlined that includes accepted lying
             and tolerated lying. Deviant PLs in support of perceived legitimate goals and
             illegitimate goals are explored. PLs may contribute to distrust within the
             organization and the community served, misconduct and corruption within the
             organization, and a decline in the effectiveness of the criminal justice system.

1437. Barland, G.H. Anonymous. DoD Polygraph Institute. (1990 Aug 10).
             Rec#: 567
             Keywords: research-DoDPI.
             Abstract: Comparison of mock crime accuracy at DPI v elsewhere, and mock
             crime versus mock screening.

1438. Barland, Gordon H. Autonomic responsivity of psychopaths in a detection of deception
             situation. 74.
             Rec#: 3404
             Keywords: pathological liar/question formulation/detection of deception/judicial
             system/psychopaths.
1439. Barland, G.H. N. Ansley. (1975). A bibliography of scientific studies pertaining to the
             validity of current lie detection techniques. Springfield, IL: Charles C.
             Thomas. 328-332 p.
             Rec#: 534
             Keywords: validity-bibliographies/bibliographies-validity.

1440. Barland, G.H. (1972). Bibliography on validity. Polygraph, 1, 256-262.
             Rec#: 523
             Keywords: validity-bibliographies.

1441. Barland, G.H. (1974). Bibliography: The use of polygraphs in pre-employment
             screening. Polygraph, 3, 231-234.
             Rec#: 9455
             Keywords: screening-preemployment/bibliographies.

1442. Barland, Gordon H. The cardio channel: A primer. 83.
             Rec#: 551
             Keywords: physiology/cardio.
             Notes: Paper presented at the Maryland Polygraph Association Meeting, Arnold,
             MD.

1443. Barland, G.H. (1985). The case for the polygraph in employment screening. Personnel
             Administrator, 30, 58-65.
             Rec#: 573
             Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment/cases-theft.

1444. Barland, Gordon H. Comparison of the polygraph and voice stress analysis. 3 pp. 74.
             Rec#: 531
             Keywords: voice stress analysis.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1445. Barland, Gordon H. Considerations concerning polygraphic evidence admissibility. 75.
             Rec#: 535
             Keywords: admissibility/techniques-general.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1446. Barland, G.H. (2001). A conversation with Fred E. Inbau and John E. Reid: Origins of
             the Illinois crime lab. Polygraph, 30, 114-118.
             Rec#: 7360
             Keywords: historical interest /Inbau, Fred E./crime labs/Reid, John E.

1447. Barland, Gordon H. Conversations with Fred E. Inbau and John E. Reid -- An interview
             by Gordon H. Barland. 79.
             Rec#: 8972
             Keywords: history/Inbau, Fred E./Reid, John E./Keeler, Leonarde/Larson, John
             A./Vollmer, August/Wilson, Charles.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.
1448. Barland, G.H. (1975). Detection of deception in criminal suspects: A field validation
             study. Dissertation Abstracts International, 36, 3083
             Rec#: 536
             Keywords: validity/reliability/research-field-validity/techniques-zone comparison
             test/question formulation/voice stress analysis-PSE/dissertations and theses.
             Notes: (University Microfilm # AAD 75-28874), 72 pages.

1449. Barland, G.H. (1986). The detection of deception: What are the empirically
             researchable psychophysiological issues? Psychophysiology, 23, 418
             Rec#: 7474
             Keywords: witnesses/Accuracy/POT/control questions.
             Notes: [abstract only].

1450. Barland, G.H. (1983). A dual-issue test format. Polygraph, 12, 1-6.
              Rec#: 552
             Keywords: techniques-dual issue/false positive.

1451. Barland, G.H. (1973). The evolution of control question tests. Utah Polygraph
             Association Newsletter, 1, 5-14.
             Rec#: 528
             Keywords: techniques-control question test/history.

1452. Barland, G.H. (1972 Jun). An experimental study of field techniques in lie detection.
             Rec#: 524
             Keywords: research-field-techniques/validity/reliability/dissertations and theses.
             Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.

1453. Barland, G.H. (1978). A fail-proof blind numbers test. Polygraph, 7, 203-208.
             Rec#: 540
             Keywords: numbers test/stimulation tests.

1454. Barland, Gordon H. Foreign use of the polygraph - summary. 95.
             Rec#: 9074
             Keywords: foreign usage.
             Notes: Presentation at the American Polygraph Association 30th annual seminar
             and workshop, Las Vegas, NV.

1455. Barland, Gordon H. Guilty knowledge test. 82.
             Rec#: 550
             Keywords: techniques-guilty knowledge test.
             Notes: Paper presented at the FBI Advanced Polygraph Course, Quantico, VA.
             Also presented at the National Polygraph Workshop, Delta College, University
             Center, MI.

1456. Barland, Gordon H. Hypnotically induced amnesia as a polygraph countermeasure. 79.
             Rec#: 544
             Keywords:
             countermeasures-hypnosis/hypnosis-amnesia/research-countermeasures.
              Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Polygraph
              Association.

1457. Barland, G.H. (1973). Implications of drug induced memory loss for interrogation and
             lie detection. Polygraph, 2, 287-294.
             Rec#: 529
             Keywords: memory loss/drugs/interrogation/amnesia/state dependant memory
             loss.

1458. Barland, Gordon H. Interview with Cleve Backster in his laboratory on top of the Daily
             Transcript Building in San Diego. 80.
             Rec#: 8925
             Keywords: Backster, Cleve/polygraph-general.

1459. Barland, G.H. (1978). An introduction to the number test. Polygraph, 7, 173-175.
             Rec#: 541
             Keywords: stimulation tests.

1460. Barland, G.H. (1972). Legal aspects of the polygraph - A bibliography. Polygraph, 1,
             36-39.
             Rec#: 525
             Keywords: bibliographies/law-bibliographies.

1461. Barland, G.H. (1985). Liars and lie detection: Criminal investigation. Society, 22,
             46-51.
             Rec#: 561
             Keywords: applications-criminal investigations/validity.

1462. Anonymous. A method of estimating the accuracy of individual control question
           polygraph tests. ed. 1985 Feb 24-1985 Feb 28; Jerusalem, Israel.: The
           International Congress on Techniques for Criminal Identification. 142-147p.
           Rec#: 563
           Keywords: techniques-CQT/validity.
           Notes: Paper presented at the International Conference of Techniques for
           Criminal Identification, Jerusalem, Israel.

1463. Barland, G.H. (1982). On the accuracy of the polygraph: An evaluation review of
             Lykken's Tremor in the Blood. Polygraph, 11, 258
             Rec#: 6273
             Keywords: accuracy/Lykken, David T.

1464. Barland, Gordon H. Polygraph countermeasures: The state-of-the-art in 1984. 84.
             Rec#: 557
             Keywords: countermeasures/bibliographies-countermeasures.
             Notes: Paper presented at the American Polygraph Association Seminar,
             Nashville, TN.

1465. Barland, Gordon H. Polygraph research guidelines: Initial draft. 88.
               Rec#: 566
               Keywords: research-guidelines.
               Notes: Paper presented at the meeting of NATO Advanced Study Institute on
               Credibility Assessment, Maratea, Italy.

1466. Barland, G.H. A. Gale. (1988). The polygraph test in the USA and elsewhere.
             London: Sage Publications, Inc. 73-95 p.
             Rec#: 565
             Keywords: history/surveys-examiners/surveys-foreign
             use/theory-general/theory-base
             rate/screening-general/utility/theory-screening/cases-kidnapping/cases-homicide-
             Army/cases-espionage.

1467. Barland, Gordon H. Psychological stress evaluator (PSE) (voice polygraph). 70.
             Rec#: 6942
             Keywords: PSE/counterintelligence/stress/voice stress analysis/peak of
             tension/voiceprint identification/POT/inconclusive results.

1468. Barland, G.H. N. Ansley. (1975). The reliability of chart evaluations .     Springfield, IL:
             Charles C. Thomas. 120-132 p.
             Rec#: 537
             Keywords: reliability-test data analysis/test data analysis-blind.

1469. Barland, G.H. (1972). Reliability of polygraph chart evaluations. Polygraph, 1,
             192-206.
             Rec#: 526
             Keywords: test data analysis-blind/reliability-test data analysis.

1470. Barland, Gordon H. The reliability of polygraph chart evaluations. 72.
             Rec#: 527
             Keywords: reliability-test data analysis/test data analysis-blind.
             Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Polygraph
             Association, Chicago, IL. Published in Polygraph, 1, 192-206.

1471. Barland, G.H. Anonymous. (1984 Sep 15). Final report, (Contract
             MDA904-83-M-1150) for the National Security Agency,
             Rec#: 553
             Keywords: research-electrodermal biofeedback/stimulation tests.
             Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph , 26, (1), 1-37.

1472. Barland, G.H. (1982). [Review of the book HAGOTH: Fundamentals of voice stress
             analysis]. Polygraph, 11, 200-201.
             Rec#: 549
             Keywords: book reviews/voice stress analysis-book reviews.

1473. Barland, G.H. (2001). [Review of the book Traitors among us]. Polygraph, 30,
             223-224.
             Rec#: 2681
              Keywords: book reviews/espionage.

1474. Barland, G.H. (1984). Standards for the admissibility of polygraph results as evidence.
             University of West Los Angeles Law Review, 16, 37-54.
             Rec#: 554
             Keywords: stipulated examinations/examiners-expert witness/training/courtroom
             testimony/admissibility-standards.
             Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 15, 157-173.
             Abstract: Standards for polygraph tests to be used in court should be higher than
             those applied to tests associated with investigations. The examiner should be
             properly trained, licensed, and experienced; should use a testing technique
             appropriate for the issue to be resolved; and should record the entire examination
             on videotape. If the examination was conducted confidentially for the defense,
             the subject must waive confidentiality privileges, and all aspects of the
             examination must be disclosed. The most important safeguard to ensure that
             standards were met in an examination is a formal review of all aspects of the
             examination by a disinterested polygraph expert. If this review does not support
             the original examiner's decision, the polygraph results should not be admissible as
             evidence, although the results of a re-examination may be admitted providing the
             independent expert supports the findings of this re-examination. 22 notes and 12
             references.

1475. Anonymous. Statement of Gordon H. Barland. ed. Washington, DC: GPO. 63-67p.
           Rec#: 558
           Keywords: utility-screening/validity-screening.
           Notes: Relating to the administration of polygraph examinations and
           prepublication review requirements by federal agencies.

1476. Barland, Gordon H. Statement on the polygraph technique in screening. 85.
             Rec#: 562
             Keywords: screening-validity/countermeasures/examiners-qualifications.
             Notes: Prepared at the request of the Employment Committee, House of
             Commons, Great Britain.

1477. Barland, G.H. (1977). A survey of the effect of the polygraph in screening Utah job
             applicants: Preliminary results. Polygraph, 6, 318-323.
             Rec#: 539
             Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment/surveys-Utah.

1478. Barland, G.H. N. Ansley & S. Abrams. (1980). A survey of the effects of polygraph in
             screening Utah job applicants. Linthicum Heights, MD: American Polygraph
             Association. 37-43, Appendix A p.
             Rec#: 546
             Keywords: screening-commercial-Utah/surveys-Utah.

1479. Anonymous. Testimony of Gordon H. Barland, Ph.D., American Polygraph
           Association. ed. Washington, DC: GPO. 100-117p.
              Rec#: 545
              Keywords:
              screening-federal/screening-commercial-preemployment/countermeasures/applica
              tions-arms control/validity-laboratory.

1480. Barland, G.H. (1998). Towards a unified theory of detection of deception.
             International Journal of Psychophysiology, 30, 192
             Rec#: 7552
             Keywords: detection of deception.
             Notes: [abstract only].

1481. Barland, Gordon H. Understanding the GSR. 85.
             Rec#: 564
             Keywords: electrodermal/test data analysis-electrodermal.
             Notes: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Polygraph
             Association, Reno, NV.

1482. Anonymous. ed. 1998 Feb 02;
           Rec#: 1219
           Keywords: GSR/Daubert standard/galvanic skin response/admissibility-courts
           martial/heart rate/blood pressure/physiological responses/orienting response.
           Notes: Polygraph testimony in US vs. Thomas, a court martial in Mannheim, GE.
           The testimony was on the evening (6 to 9 p.m.) of Monday, 2 Feb. 98 in Taylor
           Barracks. The judge ruled not to admit the polygraph.

1483. Barland, Gordon H. Use of voice changes in the detection of deception. 73.
             Rec#: 530
             Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE.
             Notes: Paper presented at the 86th annual meeting of the Acoustical Society of
             America, Los Angeles, CA.

1484. Barland, G.H. (1978). Use of voice changes in the detection of deception. Polygraph,
             7, 129-140.
             Rec#: 542
             Keywords: voice stress analysis.

1485. Barland, G.H. (1974). Use of voice changes in the detection of deception [abstract].
             Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 55, 423
             Rec#: 532
             Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE.
             Notes: Presented at Acoustical Society of America, Los Angeles, October 31,
             1973.
             Abstract: Short-term voice changes from subjects in low-stress and high-stress
             lie-detection situations were visually displayed by Psychological Stress Evaluator,
             model PSE-1. Under the low-stress condition the detection rate was not
             significantly differerent from chance. Under the high-stress condition, using
             polygraph responses as the criterion for stress, voice changes were clearly able to
               distinguish between truth and deception. Using ranks to compare the
               effectiveness of voice changes against the three individual components of the
               polygraph, it was found that the voice was the second most effective single
               parameter. It is hypothesized that a certain level of stress must be reached in the
               individual before changes in the voice occur; but once that level of stress is
               exceded, differetial changes in the voice can be used to determine deceptiveness.

1486. Anonymous. The utility of the polygraph in aperiodic screening. ed.          Washington,
           DC: GPO .
           Rec#: 9113
           Keywords: screening-aperiodic/utility/Department of Defense.

1487. Barland, Gordon H. A validation and reliability study of counterintelligence screening
             test. 81.
             Rec#: 548
             Keywords: screening-counterintelligence/validity/directed lie /reliability/test data
             analysis/numerical scoring/global scoring.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript, Security Support Battalion, 902nd Military
             Intelligence Group, Fort Meade, Maryland.

1488. Barland, Gordon H. Validity of the polygraph: A bibliography. nd.
             Rec#: 9114
             Keywords: validity/bibliographies.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1489. Barland, G.H. N. Ansley. (1975). The validity of the polygraph technique.
             Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 153-167 p.
             Rec#: 538
             Keywords: research-validity.

1490. Barland, G.H., & Honts, C.R. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute
             . (1990 Nov). DoDPI88-P-0002,
             Rec#: 572
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test/validity/Department of Defense
             Polygraph Institute.
             Notes: DTIC AD Number A339267/PAA.

1491. Barland, G.H., Honts, C.R., & Barger, S.D. Anonymous. Department of Defense
             Polygraph Institute . (1990 Jan). DoDPI89-P-0005,
             Rec#: 571
             Keywords: multiple issues.
             Notes: DTIC AD Number A339187/PAA.

1492. Barland, G.H., Honts, C.R., & Barger, S.D. Anonymous. Department of Defense
             Polygraph Institute. (1990 Nov). DoDPI88-P-0002; DoDPI89-P-0005;
             DoDPI89-P-0007,
             Rec#: 9560
              Keywords: executive summaries.
              Notes: See ProCite record numbers 571, 572 and 2460.

1493. Barland, G.H., Honts, C.R., & Barger, S.D. Anonymous. Department of Defense
             Polygraph Institute . (1990 Jan). DoDPI89-R-0001,
             Rec#: 2460
             Keywords: skin conductance/skin resistance/utility/electrodermal.
             Notes: DTIC AD Number A339184/ PAA.

1494. Barland, G.H., Honts, C.R., & Barger, S.D. Anonymous.     Department of Defense
             Polygraph Institute. (1989 Mar 24).
             Rec#: 569
             Keywords: security screening/accuracy.
             Notes: DoDPI87-P-0001/DoDPI-89-R-0001.

1495. Barland, G.H., Honts, C.R., & Barger, S.D. (1989). The validity of detection of
             deception for multiple issues . Psychophysiology, 26, 13
             Rec#: 570
             Keywords: research-laboratory/techniques-control question test/Department of
             Defense Polygraph Institute/validity-laboratory.
             Notes: [abstract].

1496. Barland, G.H.,, & Raskin, D.C. W.F. Prokasy & D.C. Raskin. (1973). Detection and
             deception.    New York: Academic Press. 417-477 p.
             Rec#: 576
             Keywords: research-lie detection paradigm/polygraph-general.

1497. Barland, G.H., & Raskin, D.C. (1975). An evaluation of field techniques in detection of
             deception. Psychophysiology, 12, 321-330.
             Rec#: 578
             Keywords: field techniques/validity/test data
             analysis/cardio/pneumo/electrodermal/reliability.

1498. Barland, Gordon H. and Raskin, David C. An experimental study of field techniques in
             lie detection. 71.
             Rec#: 574
             Keywords: research-validity/techniques-zone comparison test/validity-mock
             crime/test data analysis-numerical.
             Notes: Paper presented at the Society for Psychophysiological Research, St.
             Louis, MO.

1499. Barland, G.H., & Raskin, D.C. (1972). An experimental study of field techniques in lie
             detection . Polygraph, 1, 22-26.
             Rec#: 575
             Keywords: research-field-techniques/validity-mock crime/techniques-zone
             comparison test.
             Notes: abstracted in Psychophysiology, 9, 275.
1500. Anonymous. ed.
           Rec#: 577
           Keywords: psychopaths/criminal suspects.
           Notes: Paper presented at the Society for Psychophysiological Research, Salt
           Lake City, UT.

1501. Barland, G.H., & Raskin, D.C. (1975). Psychopathy and detection of deception in
             criminal suspects. Psychophysiology, 12, 224
             Rec#: 579
             Keywords:
             subjects-psychopaths/psychopathy/research-psychopaths/validity-psychopaths.
             Notes: [abstract].

1502. Barland, G.H., & Raskin, D.C. Anonymous. (1976). Report No. 76-1 (Contract
             75-NI-99-0001), National Institute of the Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice,
             Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, U.S. Department of Justice; and
             Department of Psychology, University of Utah,
             Rec#: 580
             Keywords: criminal suspects/reliability/validity/personality
             variables/MMPI/hypochondriac/psychopaths/depression.

1503. Barnes, J.A. (1983). Lying: A sociological view. Australian Journal of Forensic
             Sciences, 15, 152-158.
             Rec#: 582
             Keywords: lying-sociological view/Australia/lying-symposium-Australia.

1504. Barnes, Philip G. Should the polygraph be used to periodically screen all members of a
             police department. 61.
             Rec#: 583
             Keywords: screening-police.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript, prepared for the 67th Session of the FBI National
             Academy.

1505. Barnett, F.J. (1973). How does a jury view polygraph examination results? Polygraph,
             2, 275-277.
             Rec#: 584
             Keywords: admissibility/cases-drugs/stipulated examinations/juries.

1506. Barnett, R.H. (1972). The polygraph: A narcotic investigative aid. The Journal of
             Polygraph Studies, 7, 1-4.
             Rec#: 585
             Keywords: applications-drug enforcement.

1507. Barnett, R.H. (1997). The polygraph: A narcotic investigative aid . The Journal of
             Polygraph Science, 32,
             Rec#: 5529
             Keywords: drugs/background investigations/drug use.
1508. M. Baro. Cadet lovers confess to murder. Sep 7, 1996; The Associated Press. ()
            Rec#: 6866
            Keywords: applications-homicide/confessions/polygraph general.
            Notes: Off the internet AOLNewsProfiles@aol.net.

1509. Barry, R.J. (1998). The North American polygraph: Ethical and methodological
             implications for scienctific and applied psychophysiologists. International
             Journal of Psychophysiology, 30, 26
             Rec#: 6834
             Keywords: control question tests/concealed information/physiological
             measures/CQT/validity/psychophysiology-research.
             Notes: abstract only.

1510. Barry, R.J. (1990). Scoring criteria for response latency and habituation in
             electrodermal research: A study in the context of the orienting research.
             Psychophysiology, 27, 94-100.
             Rec#: 588
             Keywords: test data analysis-electrodermal/interstimulus
             internal/electrodermal-response latency/electrodermal-habituation.

1511. Barry, Robert J. and Prescott, John. The effect of alcohol on the involuntary OR. 89.
             Rec#: 589
             Keywords: countermeasures/electrodermal/habituation/orienting
             response/alcohol.
             Notes: Paper presented at the 29th annual meeting of the Society for
             Psychophysiological Research, New Orleans, LA. Abstracted in Polygraph, 19(4)
             309.

1512. Bartelheim, J.R. (1989 Mar 07). The polygraph "Lie Detector" technique, the issue of
             validity.
             Rec#: 9222
             Keywords: validity/relevant-irrelevant method/polygraph
             techniques/admissibility/field validity.
             Notes: Master's thesis.

1513. Bartholomew, A.A. (1983). Psychiatric evaluation of lying. Australian Journal of
             Forensic Sciences, 15, 174-190.
             Rec#: 593
             Keywords: lying-psychiatric evaluation/Australia.

1514. Bartlett, Steven K. Graduation address. 95.
              Rec#: 9193
              Keywords: historical interest/Department of Defense Polygraph
              Institute/graduation address.
              Notes: Department of Defense Polygraph Institute Graduation, Fort McClellan,
              AL.
1515. Bartlett, Steven K. Law enforcement applicant polygraph screening. 95.
              Rec#: 9075
              Keywords: screening-police.
              Notes: Presentation at the American Polygraph Association National Training
              Seminar, Las Vegas, NV.

1516. Bartlett, S.K. (1981). Polygraph: An aid to investigation in law enforcement. Utah
              Peace Officer, 58, 26-30.
              Rec#: 595
              Keywords: applications-criminal investigations.

1517. Bartlett, S.K. (1985). Polygraph examinations in Utah, 1979-1983. Utah Polygraph
              Association Newsletter, 3-5.
              Rec#: 596
              Keywords: surveys-Utah/screening-commercial-Utah/licensing-Utah.

1518. Bartlett, Steven K. Standardization of law enforcement polygraph screening. 91.
              Rec#: 9115
              Keywords: applications-law enforcement/standardization.
              Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1519. Bartlett, S.K., Murphy, V.T., & Putnam, D. (1993). Standard Chart Markings.
              Polygraph , 22, 125-131.
              Rec#: 9579
              Keywords: chart markings.

1520. Barton, M.F. (1974). Polygraph as a police pre-employment selection tool. Polygraph,
             3, 401-411.
             Rec#: 597
             Keywords: screening-police-Texas.

1521. Barton, M.F. (1977). [Review of the book The assassination tapes]. Polygraph, 6, 91
             Rec#: 599
             Keywords: book reviews/voice stress/PSE-book reviews.

1522. Barton, M.F. (1976). A study of admissions made during pre-employment polygraph
             examinations, 1964-1975, and their significance to the business community.
             Rec#: 598
             Keywords:
             screening-commercial-Texas/surveys-screening/surveys-commercial/dissertations
             and theses.
             Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.

1523. Bashore, T.R., & Rapp, P.E. (1993). Are there alternatives to traditional polygraph
            procedures? Psychological Bulletin, 113, 3-22.
            Rec#: 601
            Keywords: ERP/event-related potentials/P300/N400/countermeasures-mental.
            Notes: 3 graphs.
              Abstract: Argues that the dependence of procedures to detect lying on autonomic
              measures diminishes their effectiveness and inhibits the development of
              alternatives tests. A review of several studies suggests that EEG activity can be
              used to infer the possession of concealed information.

1524. Baskett, G.D., & Freedle, R. (1974). Aspects of language pragmatics and the social
             perception of lying. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 3, 117-131.
             Rec#: 605
             Keywords: detection of deception/reaction time/linguistic variables/extralinguistic
             variables.

1525. Bassett, J.W. (1990). Retooling for investigations. Security Management, 34, 66
             Rec#: 9717
             Keywords: theft-employees/applications-criminal investigations.

1526. Basu, P.K. (1982). Modern method of interrogation of suspect. Indian Journal of
             Criminology and Criminalistics, 2, 33-35.
             Rec#: 607
             Keywords: interrogation-India/India.

1527. Bates, E.B. (1959). Can a small department afford to use the polygraph? Police, 3,
             44-48.
             Rec#: 608
             Keywords: applications-police.

1528. Bates, E.B. (1969). The emotionally low responder. The Journal of Polygraph Studies,
             3,
             Rec#: 6953
             Keywords: heart rate/GSR/blood pressure/irrelevants.

1529. Bates, N.D. (1990). Understanding the liability of negligent hiring. Security
             Management, 34, 7A-10A.
             Rec#: 6315
             Keywords: employee screening/background investigations/paper and pencil
             tests/Honesty testing/drug screening/preemployment screening.

1530. Bates, R.B. (1985). Maximizing the psychological set by effective use of the personal
             history sheet. The Academy Journal, 7, 1-4.
             Rec#: 609
             Keywords: pretest interview/theory-psychological set.
             Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 14, 258-262.

1531. Bates, R.B. (1985). The pre-test information network: Maximizing psychological set
             by effective use of the personal history sheet. The Academy Journal, 7, 1-4.
             Rec#: 7118
             Keywords: training/polygraph-theory/pretest interview/validity.

1532. Bates, R.B. (1985). Toward a philosophy of polygraph science: Accepted standards of
              the profession. The Academy Journal, 7, 1-3.
              Rec#: 610
              Keywords: polygraph science-philosophy.
              Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 14, 271-275.
              Abstract: All sciences rest on a solid foundation of basic assumptions and tenets
              not demonstrable with the usual proof. They begin with a philosophy.
              Polygraphy has come a long way in its development, but its acceptance as a
              science by the general public will depend on common agreement as to
              instrumentation, physiological and psychological mechanisms, examination
              format, chart interpretation rules, etc. An examination of the field as a whole,
              however, reveals fundamental disagreements and general ambiguity regarding
              fundamental polygraph philosophy. There is vagueness on the basic psychology
              of polygraphy, difference among polygraphers in the information used to
              distinguish the "guilty" from the "innocent," debate about how the polygraph
              should be used, and variation in chart interpretation rules as taught by the leading
              professional polygraph schools. 4 footnotes.

1533. Bauchner, J.E., Kaplan, E.P., & Miller, G.R. (1980). Detecting deception: The
            relationship of available information to judgmental accuracy in initial encounters.
            Human Communication Research, 6, 251-264.
            Rec#: 612
            Keywords: lying/nonverbal detection of deception.

1534. Bauer, R.M. (1984). Autonomic recognition of names and faces in Prosopagnosia: A
             neuropsychological application of the guilty knowledge test. Neuropsychologia,
             22, 457-469.
             Rec#: 613
             Keywords: guilty knowledge test/autonomic response.

1535. Bavelas, J.B., & Smith, B.J. (1982). A method for scaling verbal disqualification.
             Human Communication Research, 8, 214-227.
             Rec#: 6274
             Keywords: communication/disqualification/interrogation/narrative analysis.

1536. Bayley, C.T. (1973). Polygraph and the law - A prosecutor's view. Washington State
             Bar News, 13, 15, 57.
             Rec#: 615
             Keywords: admissibility/courtroom testimony/applications-internal investigations.
             Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 3 (3), 308-315.

1537. Beaber, R.J. (1984). Not guilty by reason of polygraph. University of West Los Angeles
             Law Review, 16, 27-36.
             Rec#: 618
             Keywords: criticism-base rate theory/criticism-research.

1538. Beard, P.D. (1972). Truth or consequences: Lie detectors in business. Harper's
             Bazaar, 105, 44-46.
              Rec#: 8123
              Keywords: applications-commercial.

1539. Beardsley, T. (1999). Truth or consequences. Scientific American, 281, 21, 24.
             Rec#: 6550
             Keywords: screening/screening-employment/respiration/heart rate/skin
             conductance/lying/stress/directed lie /computerized polygraph/false
             positive/screening-counterintelligence/counterintelligence/espionage
             --government policy --United States.
             Abstract: Focuses on polygraph screening and questions about the science of lie
             detection. Plan by United States Department of Energy to institute polygraph
             screening to detect spies at three national laboratories that work on nuclear
             weapons; History of lie detectors in laboratories; Resentment from laboratory
             employees over the plan; How polygraphs work; Criticism and support for the
             plan.

1540. Beary, J.F. Deputy under Secretary of Defense on polygraph/lie detector. (Aug 10 1983).
             Rec#: 6767
             Keywords: morale/false positive/Guilty knowledge test/lying.

1541. Beary, J.F. (1986). Guest editorial: The polygraph: Does it really Detect Lies?
             American Family Physician, 33, 98 & 100
             Rec#: 621
             Keywords: criticism-validity.

1542. Beason, G.M., & Belt, J.A. (1976). Verifying applicant's backgrounds. Personnel
            Journal, 55, 345-348.
            Rec#: 623
            Keywords: screening-commercial-applicants.

1543. Beason, G.M., & Belt, J.A. (1974). Verifying job applicants' backgrounds. Personnel
            Administrator, 19, 29-32.
            Rec#: 622
            Keywords: screening-commercial-applicants.

1544. Beattie, R.J. V.A. Leonard. (1957). The semantics of question preparation.
              Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 29-43 p.
              Rec#: 624
              Keywords: question formulation-semantics.

1545. Beatty, J.,, & Lucero-Wagoner, B. J.T. Cacioppo, L.G. Tassinary, & G.G. Berntson.
              The pupillary system. 2nd ed, New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
              142-162 p. 052162634X.
              Rec#: 6418
              Keywords: eye movement/pupillometry.
              Notes: Chapter 6.

1546. Beatty, T.G. (1975). Admissibility rules eased in New Mexico v. Dorsey. Polygraph,
              4, 339
              Rec#: 626
              Keywords: admissibility-New Mexico.

1547. Beatty, T.G. (1976). Confession after polygraph not coercive in New York. Polygraph,
              5, 250-251.
              Rec#: 628
              Keywords: law-interrogation-New York/interrogation-coercion.

1548. Beatty, T.G. (1974). A landmark decision on polygraph evidence. Polygraph, 3,
              373-376.
              Rec#: 625
              Keywords: admissibility-Massachusetts/applications-juveniles.

1549. Beatty, T.G. (1975). The polygraph in the federal court. Polygraph, 4, 301-303,
              384-394.
              Rec#: 627
              Keywords: admissibility-federal/courtroom testimony/examiners-expert witness.

1550. Beatty, T.G. (1975). [Review of the book Cochran's Law Dictionary]. Polygraph, 4,
              287
              Rec#: 9457
              Keywords: book reviews.

1551. Beatty, T.G. (1975). [Review of the book Understanding Medical Terminology].
              Polygraph, 4, 287-288.
              Rec#: 2138
              Keywords: book reviews/terminology-medical.

1552. Beauchamp, Dale M. "The five year drug question". 92.
            Rec#: 9718
            Keywords: drug use/control questions/screening-NSA.

1553. Bechtel, H.K., & Pearson, W. (1985). Deviant scientists and scientific deviance.
             Deviant Behavior, 6, 237-252.
             Rec#: 629
             Keywords: cases-fraud-science/lying-scientists/fraud-science.

1554. Beigel, H.G. (1953). Prevarication under hypnosis. Journal of Clinical Experimental
              Hypnosis, 1, 32-40.
              Rec#: 1358
              Keywords: hypnosis/pathological liar.

1555. Beijk, J. (1980). Experimental and procedural influences on differential electrodermal
              activity. Psychophysiology, 17, 274-278.
              Rec#: 632
              Keywords: research-theory/validity-laboratory/electrodermal/skin
              conductance/motivation/theory-motivation/Holland.
1556. Belau, H. (1957). Vorführung des Keeler Lügendetektors vor örtlichen deutschen
             Polizeivertretern [Demonstration of the Keeler lie detector before local police
             representatives]. Die Hessische Polizei, 10,
             Rec#: 9224
             Keywords: Zimmermann, Hans/Germany.
             Notes: [text in German].
             Abstract: The American MPs in Bad Hersfeld demonstrated the polygraph to local
             police officials on 21 May 1957. Hans Zimmermann conducted the
             demonstration. A very short article which was written primarily to explain a
             photograph. The photo shows the German chief of police fo Bad Hersfeld ready
             to be tested on a lie detector. Standing behnd and around him are a variety of
             American and German military and police officials witnessing a demonstration.
             The demonstration provided for the use and function of the lie detector.
             American Hans Zimmermann provided the expertise. A discussion followed the
             demonstration, but not just related to the lie detector.

1557. Bell, A.D., Jr. (1976). The Abzug Committee Report. The Bureaucrat, 5, 235-246.
             Rec#: 634
             Keywords: legislation-federal.

1558. Bell, A.D., Jr. (1981). PSE: A decade of controversy. Security Management, 63-66.
             Rec#: 633
             Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE.

1559. Bell, A.D., Jr./Ford, Wilson H./McQuiston, Charles R. (1974). I. Dektor
             Counterintelligence and Security. Physiological response analysis method and
             apparatus. Canada. 943230. 349-36.
             Rec#: 6441
             Keywords: psychological stress evaluator.
             Notes: C.R. CL. 354-48.

1560. Bell, B.G., Raskin, D.C., Honts, C.R., & Kircher, J.C. (1999). The Utah numerical
              scoring system. Polygraph, 28, 1-9.
              Rec#: 6904
              Keywords: numerical scoring/comparison question .

1561. Beller, P.W. (1979). Polygraph is plagued with misconceptions. Security Management,
              23, 24-26.
              Rec#: 635
              Keywords: misconceptions.

1562. Belley, Rejean. Informational redundancy within the cardiovascular system: Its impact
              on chart interpretation. 91.
              Rec#: 9720
              Keywords: cardiovascular/charts/circulatory system/blood pressure.
              Notes: Government of Canada, Sollicitor General Office, Ottawa.
1563. Belt, J.A. (1983). The polygraph: A questionable personnel tool. Personnel
              Administrator, 65-66, 68-69, 91.
              Rec#: 637
              Keywords: screening-commercial-applicants.

1564. Belt, J.A., & Holden, P.B. (1978). Polygraph usage among major U.S. corporations.
              Personnel Journal, 57, 80-86.
              Rec#: 638
              Keywords: screening-commercial-major corporations/applications-corporate use.
              Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 7, 222-232.

1565. Bem, D.J. (1966). Inducing belief in false confessions. Journal of Personality and
            Social Psychology, 3, 707-710.
            Rec#: 3631
            Keywords: confessions/Accuracy/False statements.

1566. Ben-Ishai, A. (1960). Polygraph use in Israel. Newsletter of the Academy for Scientific
             Interrogation, 1-2.
             Rec#: 642
             Keywords: applications-foreign/Israel.

1567. Ben-Ishai, Akiva. Some remarks on polygraph examinations in Israel. 61.
             Rec#: 643
             Keywords: subjects-cultural influences/test data
             analysis-electrodermal/Israel/cultural influences.
             Notes: Paper presented at the 8th annual meeting of the American Academy of
             Polygraph Examiners, Washington, DC.

1568. Ben-Shakhar, G. Norman Ansley. (Feb 2 1992).
            Rec#: 9721
            Keywords: GKT.

1569. Ben-Shakhar, G. (1991). Clinical judgment and decision-making in CQT-polygraphy: A
            comparison with other pseudoscientific applications in psychology. Integrative
            Physiological and Behavioral Science , 26, 232-240.
            Rec#: 5213
            Keywords: techniques-control question test/test data analysis.
            Notes: International Organization of Psychophysiology Symposium on the
            Validity of the Polygraph (1990, Budapest, Hungary).
            Abstract: Accounts for the tremendous popularity of the Control Question
            Technique (CQT) and presents a theory describing how decisions and conclusions
            are reached within the typical CQT-interrogation process. It is claimed that the
            examiner starts with an a priori hypothesis derived from background information
            and from prior interactions with the examinee. The test-specific information is
            then used to test the a priori hypothesis, but this process is influenced by the
            confirmation bias. The complexity of the information available to the examiner
            coupled with the lack of well-defined quantification and integration rules allow
              the examiner to overweigh confirming evidence and to disregard disconfirming
              cues. This description may be applicable to other pseudoscientific methods.

1570. Ben-Shakhar, G. (1995). Confirmation bias in judgements of CQT-polygraph examiners
            - Hypothetical description and preliminary-results of the examiner decision-maker
            process. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science, 30, 102-103.
            Rec#: 5190
            Keywords: CQT/examiners-judgement/examiners-bias.
            Notes: Abstract only.

1571. Ben-Shakhar, G. (1977). A further study of the dichotomization theory in detection of
            information. Psychophysiology, 14, 408-413.
            Rec#: 652
            Keywords: research-theory/psychophysiology/electrodermal/techniques-peak of
            tension/theory/Israel.
            Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 7, 21-31.

1572. Ben-Shakhar, G. J.R. Jennings, P.K. Ackles, & M.G.H. Coles. (1991). Future prospects
            of psychophysiological detection: Replacing the CQT by the GKT. London:
            Jessica Kingsley Publishers. 193-199 p. 4 .
            Rec#: 648
            Keywords: techniques-CQT/techniques-GKT.

1573. Ben-Shakhar, Gershon. The GKT as a paradigm for the study of orienting reactions to
            significant stimuli. 91.
            Rec#: 655
            Keywords: GKT/orienting response.
            Notes: Paper presented at the 31st annual meeting of the Society for
            Psychophysiological Research, Chicago, IL, October 9-13, 1991. Abstracted in
            Psychophysiology, 28(3A) (Supplement), S4.

1574. Ben-Shakhar, G. (1980). Habituation of the orienting response in complex sequences of
            stimuli. Psychophysiology, 17, 524-534.
            Rec#: 649
            Keywords: orienting response/habituation/stimuli.

1575. Ben-Shakhar, G. P. Harriot. (1988). Non-conventional methods in personnel selection .
            New York: John Wiley & Sons. - p.
            Rec#: 654
            Keywords: applications-screening/Israel.

1576. Ben-Shakhar, Gershon. The role of orienting response habituation in autonomic
            information detection. 78.
            Rec#: 653
            Keywords: orienting response/habituation/autonomic nervous system.
            Notes: Paper presented at the 18th annual meeting of the Society for
            Psychophysiological Research.
1577. Ben-Shakhar, G. (1994). The role of stimulus novelty and significance in determining
            the electrodermal orienting response: Interactive versus additive approaches.
            Psychophysiology, 31, 402-411.
            Rec#: 9191
            Keywords: orienting response/stimulus novelty/electrodermal response/guilty
            knowledge test.

1578. Ben-Shakhar, G., Asher, T., Poznansky-Levy, A., Asherowitz, R., & Lieblich, I. (1989).
            Stimulus novelty and significance as determinants of electrodermal responsivity:
            The serial position effect. Psychophysiology, 26, 29-38.
            Rec#: 656
            Keywords: electrodermal/stimulus novelty/responsivity/serial position effect.

1579. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Bar-Hillel, M. (1993). Misconceptions in Martin and Terris's
            (1991) "Predicting infrequent behavior: Clarifying the impact on false-positive
            rates". Journal of Applied Psychology , 78, 148-150.
            Rec#: 9227
            Keywords: false positive/psychometric tests/criticism.
            Abstract: S. L. Martin and W. Terris (see PA, Vol 78:28965) recently attributed to
            a number of psychologists a concept they called the false-positive argument
            (FPA), according to which a test should not be used if an individual who fails is
            more likely to be qualified than unqualified, and they attempted to clarify the
            conditions under which the FPA may be appropriate. It is argued that in none of
            the articles cited by Martin and Terris is the FPA truly posited and also that they
            failed to clarify the conditions under which the FPA might be appropriate. These
            conditions depend on the costs and payoffs associated with the various outcomes
            of the decision problem, as is demonstrated through the use of a threshold utility
            model. Finally, the examples used by Martin and Terris deal with the detection of
            deception but were discussed without proper consideration of the contexts in
            which lie-detection techniques are typically used.

1580. Ben-Shakhar, G., Bar-Hillel, M., & Lieblich, I. (1986). Trial by polygraph: Scientific
            and juridical issues in lie detection. Behavior Sciences and the Law, 4,
            459-479.
            Rec#: 657
            Keywords: techniques-CQT/techniques-GKT/theory/validity/legal issues.
            Notes: Special Issue: Psychology in Law Enforcement.

1581. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Dolev, K. (1996). Psychophysiological detection through the guilty
            knowledge technique: Effects of mental countermeasures. Journal of Applied
            Psychology, 81, 273-281.
            Rec#: 6594
            Keywords: countermeasures/techniques-guilty knowledge /research-mock
            crime/irrelevants .

1582. Ben-Shakhar, G., Dymshitz, J., & Lieblich, I. (1982). Generalization of habituation of
            skin conductance responses to multidimensional sequences of stimuli.
              Psychophysiology, 19, 178-182.
              Rec#: 658
              Keywords: electrodermal-skin conductance/habituation/stimuli.

1583. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Elaad, E. (1999). Effects of questions' repetition on the efficiency
            of the guilty knowledge test: A reexamination. Psychophysiology, 35, S32
            Rec#: 6885
            Keywords: GKT/repeated tests.

1584. Ben-Shakhar, G., Frost, R., Gati, I., & Kresh, Y. (1996). Is an apple a fruit? Semantic
            relatedness as reflected by psychophysiological responsivity. Psychophysiology,
            33, 671-679.
            Rec#: 6996
            Keywords: techniques-guilty knowledge/orienting response/skin
            conductance/stimulus similarity.

1585. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Furedy, J.J. (1991). Another critical assault on lie detection.
            Contemporary Psychology, 36, 862-864.
            Rec#: 6913
            Keywords: criticism/CQT/GKT.

1586. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Furedy, J.J. (1990). Theories and applications in the detection of
            deception: A psychophysiological and international perspective. New York:
            Springer-Verlag.
            Rec#: 659
            Keywords: research/Israel/Canada/techniques-control question
            test/techniques-guilty knowledge
            test/applications-screening/validity/reliability/bibliographies-general/theory/polyg
            raph-general.

1587. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Gati, I. (1987). Common and distinctive features of verbal and
            pictorial stimuli as determinants of psychophysiological responsivity. Journal of
            Experimental Psychology: General, 116, 91-105.
            Rec#: 661
            Keywords: stimuli-verbal/stimuli-visual/responsivity.

1588. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Gati, I. (1990). A comparison of common and distinctive stimulus
            components in determining orienting reactions. Psychophysiology, 27, S16
            Rec#: 662
            Keywords: orienting response/stimulus components.
            Notes: [abstract].

1589. Ben-Shakhar, Gershon and Gati, Itamar. The effect of similarity on psychophysiological
            responsivity to pictorial and verbal stimuli. 85.
            Rec#: 660
            Keywords: Israel/skin conductance
            response/stimuli-verbal/stimuli-visual/techniques-GKT/physiological responses.
              Notes: The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

1590. Ben-Shakhar, G., Gati, I., Ben Bassat, N., & Sniper, G. (2000). Orienting response
            reinstatement and dishabituation: Effects of substituting, adding, and deleting
            components of nonsignificant stimuli. Psychophysiology, 37, 102-110.
            Rec#: 4569
            Keywords: habituation/orienting response/skin resistance.
            Abstract: The prediction that orienting response (OR) reinstatement is negatively
            related to the measure of common features, shared by the stimulus input and
            representations of preceding events, and positively related to the measure of their
            distinctive features, was examined. A nonsignificant test stimulus (TS) was
            presented after 9 repetitions of a standard stimulus (SS), followed by 2 additional
            repetitions of SS. TS was created by either substituting 0, 1, or 2 components of
            SS (Exp 1), or by either adding or deleting 0, 1, or 2 components of SS (Exp 2).
            Skin conductance changes to TS (OR reinstatement) and the subsequent SS
            (dishabituation) were used as dependent measures. The results of Exp 1 supported
            the prediction that substituting components of neutral stimuli affects OR
            reinstatement, with a larger effect for between-categories than within-categories
            substitution. Exp 2 demonstrated that adding and deleting components similarly
            affects OR reinstatement.

1591. Ben-Shakhar, G., Gati, I., & Salamon, N. (1995). Generalization of the orienting
            response to significant stimuli: The roles of common and distinctive stimulus
            components. Psychophysiology, 32, 36-42.
            Rec#: 4297
            Keywords: orienting response/skin resistance.
            Abstract: Explored effects of common and distinctive stimulus components on
            generalization of the orienting response (OR) in 240 undergraduates to significant
            stimuli. Compound pictorial stimuli were used as the relevant items memorized
            by the Ss. Skin conductance responses were measured during subsequent
            presentation of a stimulus sequence that included a test stimulus that shared some
            common components with the relevant one. Types of stimulus components
            (common and distinctive) were independently manipulated. As predicted by the
            feature-matching theory, both types of features affected OR generalization, but
            the distinctive components effect was due mainly to a large decline in OR with
            the introduction of the 1st distinctive component. Similar OR generalization was
            obtained regardless of whether the test stimulus was constructed by deleting
            stimulus components from the relevant stimulus or by adding components to that
            stimulus.

1592. Ben-Shakhar, G., Gronau, N., & Elaad, E. (1999). Leakage of relevant information to
            innocent examinees in the GKT: An attempt to reduce false-positive outcomes by
            introducing target stimuli. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84, 651-660.
            Rec#: 4555
            Keywords: GKT/guilty knowledge test/respiration/electrodermal.
            Abstract: This study focused on the Guilty Knowledge Test (GKT)--a
            psychophysiological detection method based on a series of multiple-choice
              questions, each having one relevant and several neutral (control) alternatives. The
              study examined a new method designed to reduce false-positive outcomes due to
              leakage of relevant items to innocent suspects by introducing target items (i.e.,
              items known to all examinees but unrelated to the crime) to which participants
              have to respond (e.g., by pressing a key) while answering the GKT questions.
              Informed innocent participants showed relatively larger electrodermal responses
              to the critical items than uninformed participants, but not as large as the responses
              made by guilty participants. No differences between informed and uninformed
              innocent participants were obtained with a respiration measure. The use of the
              target items tended to reduce the differences between informed and uninformed
              innocent participants. The results further demonstrated that electrodermal
              responding to the relevant items was correlated with memory of these items.

1593. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Lieblich, I. (1982). The dichotomization theory for differential
            autonomic responsivity reconsidered. Psychophysiology, 19, 277
            Rec#: 668
            Keywords: theory-dichotomization/skin conductance/autonomic
            response/habituation.

1594. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Lieblich, I. (1984). On statistical detection of deception: Comment
            on Szucko & Kleinmuntz. American Psychologist, 39, 79-80.
            Rec#: 671
            Keywords: research methodology-criticism/test data analysis-statistical.

1595. Ben-Shakhar, Gershon and Lieblich, Israel. A psychophysiological method for detecting
            cognitive categories. 81.
            Rec#: 666
            Keywords: habituation/orienting response/stimuli/cognition/personality variables.
            Notes: Paper presented at the 21st annual meeting of the Society for
            Psychophysiological Research, Washington, DC.

1596. Ben-Shakhar, G., & Lieblich, I. (1982). Similarity of auditory stimuli and generalization
            of skin conductance response habituation. Physiological Psychology, 10,
            331-335.
            Rec#: 6586
            Keywords: theory-habituation/theory-auditory stimuli/Israel/electrodermal-skin
            conductance/habituation.
            Abstract: Two alternative models for orienting response habituation to complex
            sequences of stimuli were formulated. Model 1 assumed complete generalization
            of habituation, while model 2 assumed independent habituation processes for the
            different stimuli making up the complex sequence.

1597. Ben-Shakhar, Gershon and Lieblich, Israel. Similarity of auditory stimuli and
            generalization of skin conductance response habituation. nd.
            Rec#: 663
            Keywords: theory-habituation/theory-auditory stimuli/Israel/electrodermal-skin
            conductance/habituation.
1598. Ben-Shakhar, G., Lieblich, I., & Bar-Hillel, M. (1982). An evaluation of polygraphers'
            judgments: A review from a decision theoretic perspective. Journal of Applied
            Psychology, 67, 701-713.
            Rec#: 669
            Keywords: theory/test data analysis/control question
            tests/applications-screening/validity/research-test data analysis-field/Israel.

1599. Ben-Shakhar, G., Lieblich, I., & Kugelmass, S. (1975). Detection of information and
            GSR habituation: An attempt to derive detection efficiency from two habituation
            curves. Psychophysiology, 12, 283-288.
            Rec#: 665
            Keywords: electrodermal-habituation/GSR/dichotomization/detection of
            information.

1600. Ben-Shakhar, G., Lieblich, I., & Kugelmass, S. (1970). Guilty knowledge technique:
            Application of signal detection measures. Journal of Applied Psychology, 54,
            409-413.
            Rec#: 664
            Keywords: techniques-GKT/signal detection /test data analysis.

1601. Ben-Shakhar, G., Lieblich, I., & Kugelmass, S. (1982). Interactive effects of stimulus
            probability and significance on the skin conductance response.
            Psychophysiology, 19, 112-114.
            Rec#: 670
            Keywords: electrodermal-SCR/stimulus probability.

1602. Bennett, J.V. (1961). Penal administrator views the polygraph. Federal Probation,
             24, 40-44.
             Rec#: 645
             Keywords: applications-prisons/applications-probation/applications-parole.

1603. Bennett, J.V. (1961). A penal administrator views the polygraph . American Journal
             of Corrections, 23, 8-10, 12-13.
             Rec#: 7467
             Keywords: applications-prisons/applications-probation/applications-parole/blood
             pressure/respiration .

1604. Bennett, R.E. (1979). A study of micromomentary facial expressions to investigate the
             detection of deception in the journalistic interview. Dissertation Abstracts
             International, 39: (7-A). 3893-3894.
             Rec#: 647
             Keywords: micromomentary movement/dissertations and theses/nonverbal
             detection of deception.

1605. Benson, P.G., & Krois, P.S. (1979). The polygraph in employment: Some unresolved
            issues. Personnel Journal, 58, 616-621.
            Rec#: 672
              Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment/psychological stress
              evaluator/screening-periodic/privacy/legal
              status/legislation-federal-screening/screening-commercial/criticism/validity/applic
              ations-employees /applications-theft.

1606. Benussi, V. (1914). Die atmungssymptome der lüge [The respiratory symptoms of
            lying]. Archiv fuer die Gesamte Psychologie, 31, 244-273.
            Rec#: 674
            Keywords: historical
            interest/pneumo/research-pneumo-validity/countermeasures-respiratory/validity-p
            neumograph-laboratory/test data analysis-pneumo/Austria.
            Notes: English translation printed in 1975 in Polygraph, 4 (1), 52-76.

1607. Berger, M. (1988). Compromise and continuity: Miranda waivers, confession
             admissibility, and the retention of interrogation protections. University of
             Pittsburgh Law Review, 49, 1007-1064.
             Rec#: 678
             Keywords: interrogation-law/confessions-admissibility.

1608. Bergmann, T.J., Mundt, D.H., & Illgen, E.J. (1990). The evolution of honesty tests and
            means for their evaluation. Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal , 3,
            215-223.
            Rec#: 9229
            Keywords: paper and pencil tests/integrity
            tests/screening-commercial/privacy/honesty testing-legal issues/validity.
            Abstract: Paper-and-pencil testing may be the most widely used method of
            employee honesty assessment. This technique, though, must be improved before it
            will be more widely accepted. Scoring must be reevaluated, validation standards
            must be further refined, additional research is needed regarding the accuracy of
            the tests, and future legal challenges probably will have to be met with respect to
            such testing relative to privacy, discrimination, and union busting.

1609. Berkhout, J. (1969). Computers in behavioral science: Automatic computation of
            evoked heart-rate and pulse-volume responses to verbal stimuli. Behavioral
            Science, 14, 393-403.
            Rec#: 6442
            Keywords: evoked heart rate/evoked pulse-volume/stimuli-verbal.

1610. Berkhout, J., Walter, D.O., & Adey, W.R. (1970). Autonomic responses during a
            replicable interrogation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 54, 316-325.
            Rec#: 679
            Keywords: autonomic response/heart rate/pulse volume/stimulus/evoked
            responses/stimuli-auditory/stimuli-visual.

1611. Berman, Milton A. Drugs and the polygraph. 68.
            Rec#: 682
            Keywords: drugs/subjects-medical-drugs.
               Notes: Paper presented at the American Polygraph Association seminar.

1612. Berman, Milton A. Drugs and the polygraph. 75.
            Rec#: 684
            Keywords: drugs/subjects-medical-drugs/countermeasures-drugs.
            Notes: Delta College 5th Annual National Workshop on Practical Polygraph
            Procedures, University Center, MI.

1613. Berman, M.A. (1967). Drugs versus the polygraph. The Journal of Polygraph Studies,
            1, 1-3.
            Rec#: 681
            Keywords: drugs/subjects-medical-drugs.

1614. Berman, M.A. (1975). Prescription drugs and the polygraph. Polygraph, 4, 329-338.
            Rec#: 683
            Keywords: drugs/subjects-medical-drugs.

1615. Berman, M.A. (1972). [Review of the book Drug Atlas]. Polygraph, 1, 255
            Rec#: 9460
            Keywords: drugs/book reviews.

1616. Bernal, M.E. Anonymous. (1962 Aug). Technical Report No. 8, (Contract NONR
             908-15) with Indiana University,
             Rec#: 685
             Keywords:
             research-general/electrocardiography/pneumo-research/electrodermal-research.

1617. Berndt, William J., Jr. and Ansley, Norman. Polygraph testing the deaf mute. nd.
             Rec#: 686
             Keywords: subjects-deaf mute.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript, American Academy of Polygraph Examiners
             (APA Archives).

1618. Berner, S.M. (1977). Polygraph defense strategies. The Breezy Reader, 17-18.
             Rec#: 687
             Keywords: countermeasures/criticism-general.

1619. Berning, B.R. (1992 Feb). "Lügendetektion" aus Interdisziplinärer Sicht: Eine
             Psychologisch-Juristische Abhandlung. ["Lie detection" from an
             Interdisciplinary View: a Psychological-Juridical Treatment] Vols. 1 & 2.
             University of Osnabrück;
             Rec#: 688
             Keywords: Germany/dissertations and theses/Admissibility/history.
             Notes: Text in German, number 81A &81B.
             Abstract: There are two sections to volume 1 of this work. The introduction (24
             p.) consists of a lengthy review of the development of "lie detection," that is, the
             process of determining truth-telling. The author reviews the development of
             the lie detector. The following section (137 p.) presents the various findamentals
               of the lie detector. The author first describes aspects such as dermal activity and
               measurement, then presents the validity of such findings. After discussing field
               studies and results, the author discusses the variety of questioning methods as
               well as factors that can influence the validity of the test. These factors can range
               from the "friendly polygrpah syndrome, " the mental instability of the test subject,
               to outright fraud.
               Vol. 2 is dolely dedicated to judicial review. The first half regards a review of
               the lie detector in American law. Reviewing some legal discussion up to the US
               Suppreme Court, the author discusses the foundations of concepts such as due
               process and the right to refuse self-incrimination. The author also discusses the
               noncriminal (administrative ) use of the lie detector in employment, ending with a
               summary. The last half regards the lie detector in German law. Similar to
               American law, in Germany, the accused cannot be compelled to testify, and the
               author reviews the various German legal decisions. The author reviews the use
               of the device in police investigations as well as private sector employment.
               Included is a discussion of legal responsibilities for psychologists and polygraph
               examiners who administer the tests. The study ends with a complete overview,
               future outlook, as well as a comprehensive bibliography.

1620. Berning, B.R. (1993). "Lügendetektion": eine Interdisziplinäre Beurteilung. ["Lie
             Detection:" An Interdisciplinary Evaluation]. Monatsschrift für Kriminologie
             und Strafrechtsreform, 76, 242-255.
             Rec#: 689
             Keywords: Germany/admissibility/GKT/CQT.
             Notes: [text in German].
             Abstract: The author argues that DI GKT tests indicate guilt and NDI CQTs
             indicate innocence, and should be admissible as circumstantial evidence in court
             after field tests in Germany.

1621. Bernstein, A.S., Taylor, K.W., & Weinstein, E. (1975). The phasic electrodermal
             response as a differential complex reflecting stimulus significance.
             Psychophysiology, 12, 158-169.
             Rec#: 9722
             Keywords: stimulus significance/skin conductance.
             Abstract: To examine the influence of stimulus significance on the skin
             conductance response (SCR), a 21-sec, 1,000-Hz tone was sounded variously in
             one ear or the other of 64 male undergraduates. A click occurred during many
             tones, and a light signal always followed offset by 9 sec. Four groups were
             studied: one was told to press a pedal immediately on hearing any click; another
             only on hearing the click during a tone in a specified ear; a 3rd was also to
             respond only to the specified ear, but was to withhold the press until the light
             following tone-offset; and a 1/4 group simply listened without any response.
             Each of a series of predictions regarding the incremental effect of stimulus
             significance on the SCR was confirmed, at each point at which information was
             delivered on any trial (i.e., tone-onset, click, tone-offset, or light-onset). This was
             true for both independent as well as for within-S (between ear) comparisons. The
             presence of verbally induced "significance" as well as the complex nature of its
              influence indicated the presence of central mediation in the elicitation of
              "peripheral" SCRs. An execute-SCR was identified which correlated uniquely
              with motor reaction time, did not habituate, and did not correlate with SCRs
              elicited by other signals in this task. The execute-SCR did not simply reflect
              judgments of "significance"; rather, it was qualitatively distinguished from other
              SCRs which, in general, were associated with stimulus "significance." .

1622. Bernstein, I.H. (1982). Measuring honesty. Security Management, 26, 41-45, 47.
             Rec#: 7792
             Keywords: applications-preemployment/applications-personality tests/personality
             tests/PSE.
             Abstract: Straightforward questions about an applicant's honesty in past jobs is
             one of the least expensive methods for testing an applicant's honesty. The initial
             development of a polygraphy test, which is most effective when oriented toward
             the particular company's environment, is the most expensive aspect. The primary
             problem with these direct-method tests is that they can be easily faked.
             Polygraphing, which is basically a tool for detecting liars, is the most expensive
             testing method on a per person basis. The following are suggested as steps for
             reducing problems in typical polygraph tests where a large number of people are
             asked the same question: (1) tape the question ahead of time so an examiner's
             inflection cannot bias the respondent; (2) determine which involuntary reactions
             are the most responsive for each individual during a pretest session; (3) measure
             the differential response to critical versus neutral questions along the most
             responsive reaction channels; (4) translate this differential response to a yes-no
             decision, with a predetermined false alarm rate. The psychological stress
             evaluation focuses on the vocal tract as a way of detecting lying. The test is
             limited by its narrow reactive focus and sparse research on its validity. The
             Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and the California
             Psychological Inventory (CPI) constitute an indirect method of honesty detection.
             The MMPI is best for screening applicants when concern for severe
             maladjustment is primary, and the CPI is best for measuring interpersonal skills
             for high visibility jobs. The securing of background data on employees can be
             helpful in identifying certain problem areas. The pros and cons of the
             aforementioned methods for measuring honesty are summarized in an exhibit.

1623. Bernstein, P. (1973). Prosecution and the polygraph. Polygraph, 2, 108-115.
             Rec#: 690
             Keywords: admissibility-criminal cases/stipulated examinations.

1624. Anonymous. F.K. Berrien. (1945). Detecting deception. New York: The Macmillan
           Company. 445-455 p.
           Rec#: 9116
           Keywords: detection of deception/historical interest-techniques.

1625. Berrien, F.K. (1939). Finger oscillations as indices of emotion-I. Preliminary validation.
             Journal of Experimental Psychology, 24, 485-498.
             Rec#: 692
              Keywords: research-general/historical interest/EMG/nonverbal detection of
              deception-finger movement.

1626. Berrien, F.K. (1939). Finger oscillations as indices of emotion-II. Further validation and
             use in detecting deception. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 24, 609-620.
             Rec#: 693
             Keywords: research-general/historical interest/nonverbal detection of
             deception-finger movement.

1627. Berrien, F.K. (1939). A note on laboratory studies of deception. Journal of
             Experimental Psychology, 24, 524-546.
             Rec#: 694
             Keywords: historical interest-research.

1628. Berrien, F.K. (1942). Ocular stability in deception. Journal of Applied Psychology,
             26, 55-63.
             Rec#: 697
             Keywords: historical interest/pupillometry/research-eye contact/eye contact.

1629. Berrien, F.K. (1940). Possibilities in the use of the opthalmograph as a supplement to
             existing indices of deception. Psychological Bulletin, 37, 507
               Rec#: 695
             Keywords: historical interest/pupillometry/research-eye contact/eye contact.

1630. Berrien, F.K. (1940). Pupillary responses as indicators of deception. Psychological
             Bulletin, 39, 504-505.
             Rec#: 696
             Keywords: historical interest/pupillometry/research-pupillometry.

1631. Berrien, F.K. (1938). A study of finger movements as indicators of emotion. Ohio
             State University;
             Rec#: 691
             Keywords: historical interest/research-finger movement/EMG/dissertations and
             theses.

1632. Berrien, F.K., & Huntington, G.H. (1943). An exploratory study of pupillary responses
             during deception. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 32, 443-449.
             Rec#: 699
             Keywords: historical interest/pupillometry/cardio/delayed answer
             test/validity-cardio/validity-pupillometry.

1633. Berry, Robert L. A study of the effect of hypnotically induced amnesia upon the accuracy
             of the lie detector test results. 61.
             Rec#: 700
             Keywords:
             hypnosis-amnesia/countermeasures-hypnosis/research-hypnosis/hypnosis.
             Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Academy of
             Polygraph Examiners, Washington, DC.
1634. Berry, R.L., & Malinowski, B.F. (1963). Fort Gordon lie detector course updated. Law
             and Order, 11, 25-26.
             Rec#: 701
             Keywords: training-Army/History-DoDPI.

1635. Berry, R.L., & Malinowski, B.F. (1963). Lie detection. The Military Police Journal,
             20-21.
             Rec#: 702
             Keywords: history-World War II/screening-government-World War II.

1636. Berry, S. (2001). Decoding minds, foiling adversaries. Signal Magazine, October,
             Rec#: 3782
             Keywords: countermeasures/truth verification/polygraph general.

1637. Bersh, P.J. (1969). A validation study of polygraph examiner judgments. Journal of
             Applied Psychology, 53, 399-403.
             Rec#: 703
             Keywords: examiners-judgement/reliability/validity/panel method of research.

1638. Bessinger, G. Todd, Rosenfeld, J. Peter, and Hays, Stephen. Feedback evoked P3
             responses as an indirect deception detector. 91.
             Rec#: 705
             Keywords: P3/feedback/evoked responses.
             Notes: Paper presented at the 31st annual meeting of the Society for
             Psychophysiological Research, Chicago, IL. Abstract in Psychophysiology,
             28(3A) (Supplement), S12.
             Abstract: 1991, October 9-13 .

1639. Bhide, A., & Stevenson, H.H. (1990). Why be honest if honesty doesn't pay. Harvard
             Business Review, 121-129.
             Rec#: 6275
             Keywords: honesty.

1640. Bible, J.D. (1990). When employers look for things other than drugs: The legality of
              AIDS, genetic, intelligence, and honesty testing in the workplace. Labor Law
              Journal, 41, 195-213.
              Rec#: 7802
              Keywords: polygraph/intelligence tests/personnel selection/AIDS/workplace
              policies.
              Abstract: Faced with the specter of litigation under the charge of negligent hiring
              practices and the spiraling costs of insurance and employee benefit packages,
              employers want to learn as much as possible about employees' and appliants'
              physical and mental health. Regarding polygraph testing, Federal and State laws
              and case law either bar most private employers from requiring employees and
              applicants to take a polygraph or other honesty test or severely limit their ability
              to do so. Various State and Federal laws also prohibit or severely limit employer
              action against employees infected with AIDS, suggesting that AIDS testing would
              be of limited use for determining employers' policies. Regarding genetic testing,
              court cases thus far indicate that if a connection between certain genetic traits and
              a high risk injury can be established for particular jobs, exclusion from a job
              based on genetic testing is permissible. Regarding intelligence and ability
              testing, the courts permit this so long as the testing is directly related to job task
              requirements. The same reasoning applies to psychological testing.

1641. Biddle, W. (1986). The deception of detection. Discover, 7, 24-26, 28-33.
             Rec#: 7581
             Keywords: criticism/Department of Defense Polygraph Institute.

1642. Biddle, W. (1986). How to make a liar out of the lie detector. Discover, 33
             Rec#: 9462
             Keywords: countermeasures/OTA report/Williams, Doug/Decker, Ronald.

1643. Bierman, L. (1978). Polygraph vs. white collar crime. Security Industry & Product
            News, 7, 30
            Rec#: 708
            Keywords: screening-commercial-investigations.

1644. Biggs, W.R., & Codd, P.J. (1988). Countermeasure study: The effect of pain on the
             electrodermal tracing during polygraph testing. Polygraph, 17, 28-36.
             Rec#: 710
             Keywords: countermeasures-physical/test data analysis-electrodermal.
             Abstract: The self-inflicted pain countermeasure of biting the tongue and pressing
             the toe on a tack were incorporated into a series of peak-of-tension (POT) tests
             comprised of 30 separate charts. For each test, two subjects were examined, and
             three charts for each were produced. The same two subjects were used for each
             test. On the first chart, no countermeasures were used; the second chart
             incorporated the countermeasure of tingue biting; and the third chart involved the
             examinee's pressing a toe on a tack at a predetermined padding question. All
             examinations were conducted on a Lafayette four-channel electronic polygraph
             model #76475-G. Apparently the countermeasures used could be effective in a
             control-question test if the subject were to inflict pain at the control question.
             The countermeasures used are particularly difficult to detect by the examiner,
             since they do not require much movement by the subject. A field study is
             required, however, to determine whether these countermeasures could be effective
             in an actual polygraph examination. Charts, 35-item bibliography, and 2
             abstracts.

1645. Bimmerle, G. (1961). "Truth" drugs in interrogation. Studies in Intelligence, A1-A19
           Rec#: 7697
           Keywords: drug use/interrogation/narcoanalysis/truth serum/criminal
           investigations.

1646. Binet, A., & Vaschide, N. (1896). Influence due travail intellectuel des emotions et du
             travail physique sur la pression du sang [The influence of intellectual work on the
              blood-pressure in man]. L'Annee Psychologie, 3, 127-183.
              Rec#: 714
              Keywords: historical interest/blood pressure.
              Notes: [text in French] Reprinted in Psychological Review, 1897, Jan, 4, (1),
              54-66.
              Abstract: Studied changes in blood pressure as a result of mental processes.
              Describes an experiment conducted on a 23 yr. old. Two methods were used to
              measure pressure (1) by varying the pressure by sudden jumps, and (2) by slow
              changes. In the second method a differentiation of the cunter pressure was
              established to determine the effect of mental calculations on blood pressure. The
              results show that a pressure of 100-120 mm completely suppressed the pulsation
              of a state of repose as against a state of intellectual labor. A counter test was
              conducted to reconfirm that constant pressure should lie between 100-120 mm.
              Concluded that a change in the amplitude of the pulsation of people is a result of
              their physiological condition.

1647. Biography of William M. Marston. Anonymous. (1950). Chicago, IL: The A. N.
             Marquis Company. 347 p.
             Rec#: 9011
             Keywords: historical interest/biographies-Marston, William M.

1648. Biran, I. (1975). Chart interpretation: An interdisciplinary paradigm. Polygraph, 4,
              7-17.
              Rec#: 717
              Keywords: test data analysis-numerical/theory-interpretation.

1649. Birbaumer, N., Tunner, W., Holzl, R., & Mittelstaedt, L. (1973). Ein geraet zur
            kontinuierlichen messung subjektiver veraenderungen [Apparatus for continuous
            measurement for subjective changes]. Zeitschrift Fuer Experimentelle Und
            Angewandte Psychologie, 20, 173-181.
            Rec#: 718
            Keywords: Germany/instruments.
            Notes: [text in German].
            Abstract: The authors constructyed a device, similar to a lie detector device, in
            order to measure the changing co-variations between subjective, physiological
            and physical motor reactions. The authors contend that in order for the test data
            to be valid, the means used to measure must be able to not only measure all three
            reactions continuously, but to also correlate the three into a simultaneous test
            result. The test resutls are projected on paper as with a lie detector. The motor
            reactions the authors analyzed were "finger span" set to a scale. The premise is
            that the subject under questioning will move his fingers in a pattern consistent
            with lying or telling the truth, e.g. the more agitated he becomes the more the
            fingers move.

1650. Birch, G.A. (1990). False statements to federal agents: induced lies and the exculpatory
             no. The University of Chicago Law Review, 57, 1273-1296.
             Rec#: 6277
              Keywords: false statements.

1651. Bird, K., & Holland, M. (1985). United States: American Legion snitches. The Nation,
             240, 105
             Rec#: 719
             Keywords: applications-national security/screening-federal.

1652. Bitterman, M.E., & Marcuse, F.L. (1946). Cardiovascular response of innocent persons
             to criminal interrogation. American Journal of Psychology, 60, 407-412.
             Rec#: 724
             Keywords: historical interest-cases/cases-theft/reliability-field
             examinations/theory-base
             rate/cardio/reexaminations/techniques-relevant-irrelevant-theft/techniques-peak of
             tension-theft.
             Notes: Series on Minor Studies from the Psychological Laboratories of Cornell
             University, part XCV.

1653. Bitterman, M.E., & Marcuse, F.L. (1947). Minor studies from the psychological
             laboratory of Cornell University; XCV, cardiovascular responses of innocent
             persons to criminal interrogation. American Journal of Psychology, 60,
             407-412.
             Rec#: 722
             Keywords: relevant-irrelevant method/relative frequency/response
             patterns-cardio-innocent/interrogation.

1654. Bittker, T.E., Buchsbaum, M.S., Redford, B. W., Jr., & Lyman, C.W. (1975).
              Cardiovascular and neurophysiologic correlates of sensory intake and rejection:
              Part II - Interview behavior. Psychophysiology, 12, 434-438.
              Rec#: 725
              Keywords: heart rate/pulse volume/blood flow/blood pressure/nonverbal detection
              of deception-interview behavior.
              Notes: [Note: Part I is under author Williams, R. B., Jr.].

1655. Black, B. (1988). A unified theory of scientific evidence. Fordham Law Review, 56,
             595-695.
             Rec#: 726
             Keywords: admissibility-Frye case/admissibility-scientific evidence.

1656. Blackwell, N.J. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1994 Mar).
            DoDPI94-R-0003,
            Rec#: 9441
            Keywords: Polygraph Automated Scoring System/PASS/Axciton/test data
            analysis-computerized/algorithms/techniques-control question
            test/techniques-zone comparison test/probable lie/directed lie .
            Notes: DTIC AD Number A305755.
            Abstract: The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of a
            prototype scoring algorithm, the Polygraph Automated Scoring System (PASS),
              version 2.0, when analyzing mock crime data. A database of
              psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD) measurements was collected
              using the Axciton Polygraph System. The PDD test format used was the Zone
              Comparison Test (ZCT). In addition, two types of control question tests (CQTs)
              were used during the study: (a) an experimental version of the directed lie
              control (DLC), and (b) the conventional probable lie control (PLC) currently in
              use throughout the PDD community. The data set is composed of 120 local
              civilian citizens who underwent a PDD examination, half of which committed a
              mock theft of money. The results showed that PASS accuracy on controlled
              laboratory data with known ground truth was far below that attained by APL
              during algorithm development when using "live" PDD examinations. In fact,
              rates of accuracy for both PASS and the PDD examiners were lower than
              anticipated. PASS was clearly more accurate in identifying indivduals who had
              been programmed "innocent," while the PDD examiners were more accurate in
              detecting individuals who had been programmed "guilty." Use of the DLC
              versus the PLC made no apparent difference in overall accuracy for either PASS
              or the PDD examiners, though there were statistically significant differences
              when analyzed from the standpoint of programmed condition. Analysis also
              showed a PDD examiner performance decrement over time which contributed to
              the lower than expected examiner accuracy rates.

1657. Blackwell, N.J. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1998 Sep).
            DoDPI97-R-006,
             Rec#: 2474
            Keywords: POLYSCORE/7-position scale/3-position scale/PDD/algorithms.
            Notes: DTIC AD Number A355504/PAA. Reprinted in Polygraph, 28, (2)
            149-175.
            Abstract: A stratified random sample of 200 confirmed examinations were scored
            using Polyscore 3.3. Three experienced psychophysiological detection of
            deception (PDD) examiners scored the 100 Zone comparison Test (ZCT)
            examinations, and three PDD examiners scored the 100 Modified General
            Question Test (Mgqt) examinations, using a 7-postition scale. The scores were
            converted to 3-position scale for comparison.

1658. Blackwell, N.J. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1996 Jun).
            DoDPI94-P-0006,
            Rec#: 9958
            Keywords: POLYSCORE/axciton/algorithms/Zone Comparison /ZCT/polygraph
            /forensic psychophysiology.
            Notes: DTIC AD Number A313520.

1659. Blackwood, L.J. (1972-1973). Evidence: How some courts have learned to stop
            worrying and love the polygraph. North Carolina Law Review, 51, 900-911.
             Rec#: 4248
            Keywords: admissibility/voluntary/physiological responses/evidence.

1660. Blakemore, F.T. (1953). Can criminals beat the lie detector? Science and Mechanics,
              80-84.
              Rec#: 728
              Keywords: countermeasures-movement/pathological
              liar/rationalization/movement chair.
              Notes: Reprinted in ISDD Bulletin, 6(4), 10-14. Reprinted in Board of Polygraph
              Examiners Bulletin (1953, September).

1661. Blanton, D.E., Dykman, R.A., & Juniper, J., Jr. (1967). Palmer skin resistance and
             sweat-gland counts in drug and non-drug states. Psychophysiology, 4, 231-243.
             Rec#: 9463
             Keywords: drugs/skin resistance-palmer/sweat gland counts.

1662. Blasingame, G.D. (1998). Suggested clinical uses of polygraphy in community-based
             sexual offender treatment programs. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and
             Treatment, 10, 37-45.
             Rec#: 7268
             Keywords: sex offenders treatment/literature review.
             Abstract: A literature review was conducted to evaluate the research findings
             regarding the use of polygraphy with sexaul offenders.

1663. Blatz, W.E. (1925). The cardiac, respiratory and electrical phenomena involved in the
             emotion of fear. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 8, 109-132.
             Rec#: 731
             Keywords: fear/cardio/respiration/electrodermal.

1664. Blaylock, K.T. N.N.R.N.O. All DOD Presidents. (Oct 7 1983).
             Rec#: 6636
             Keywords: criticism/screening-Department of
             Defense/screening-federal/screening-federal-DoD/preemployment screening.
             Notes: on polygraph.

1665. Bledsoe, A.H. (1942). Aid to diogenes. California Monthly, -
             Rec#: 733
             Keywords: historical interest/Berkeley Police Department.

1666. Bledsoe, A.H. (1941). The lie detector and national defense. Police and Peace
             Officers' Journal of California, February, 12
             Rec#: 732
             Keywords: screening-government/historical interest/applications-national
             security.

1667. Blinkhorn, S. A. Gale. (1988). Lie detection as a psychometric procedure. London:
             Sage Publications, Inc. 29-39 p.
             Rec#: 736
             Keywords: Great Britain/psychometric tests/criticism-techniques-Great Britain.

1668. Blinkhorn, S., Bull, R., Carroll, D., & Cunningham, C. (1986). Report of the working
             group on the use of the polygraph in criminal investigation and personnel
              screening. Bulletin of the British Psychological Society, 39, 81-94.
              Rec#: 735
              Keywords: polygraph-general-Great
              Britain/screening-commercial/research-review/criticism-validity/criminal
              investigations/employee screening/techniques-CQT/techniques-GKT.
              Abstract: Presents the report of the UK's Working Group on the use of the
              polygraph in criminal investigations and employment screening. Practices in
              other countries are surveyed, and the polygraph method is compared with other
              ways of identifying guilty individuals and investigating criminality. The issue of
              bias is analyzed, and the merits and disadvantages of the control-question and
              guilty-knowledge methods are outlined. Overall the report concludes that
              polygraph tests are well established in several countries and are generally used in
              criminal and forensic investigations, security-clearance screening, and
              preemployment evaluations. Procedures used in polygraph examinations are not
              standardized and there is no simple method of checking on the practices of
              individual polygraphers. The use of polygraph tests in commercial settings is not
              endorsed. Use in preemployment is recommended only if consent and
              participation are truly voluntary. Polygraphic methods must be introduced
              against a background of general cultural and societal norms and accepted business
              practices.

1669. Bliss, George. The polygraph and labor relations. 63.
              Rec#: 9724
              Keywords: labor relations.
              Notes: 10th annual meeting of the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners,
              chicago, Illinois, September 1963.

1670. Block, E.G. (1977). Lie detectors: Their history and use. New York: David McKay
             Company.
             Rec#: 737
             Keywords: history/admissibility/biographies/cases.
             Notes: 211 p.

1671. Block, J.D., Rouke, F.L., Salpeter, M.M., Toback, E., Kubis, J.F., & Welch, L. (1952).
             An attempt at reversal of the truth-lie relationship as measured by the
             psychogalvanic response. Journal of Psychology, 34, 55-66.
             Rec#: 739
             Keywords: stimulus-response/electrodermal/research-theory/truth-lie
             relationship/psychogalvanic response.

1672. Block, J. (1955). Personality correlates of the GSR responsivity in the lie detection
             situation. American Psychologist, 10, 387
             Rec#: 740
             Keywords: research-personality
             variables/electrodermal-GSR/electrodermal-personality/subjects-personality
             variables.
1673. Block, J. (1957). A study of affective responsiveness in a lie detection situation.
             Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 55, 11-15.
             Rec#: 741
             Keywords: techniques-POT/personality variables/reactivity.

1674. Blocklyn, P.L. (1988). Pre-employment testing. Personnel, 66-67.
             Rec#: 742
             Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment/paper and pencil
             tests/screening-psychological/screening-aids.

1675. Bloom, L. (1980). Lying and culture: A West African case-study. Journal of
            Psychological Anthropology, 3, 175-189.
            Rec#: 744
            Keywords: cultural influences/Nigeria/theory-lying.

1676. Bloss, W.P. (1996). Privacy issues involving law enforcement personnel: a
             constitutional analysis. Dissertation Abstracts International, 57, 3651
             Rec#: 6321
             Keywords: constitutional rights/courts/ethics.
             Abstract: Law enforcement personnel have sought to find their nichein legal
             doctrine involving individual privacy rights. Relying on constitutional analysis,
             this study examines the doctrines and principles utilized by federal and state
             courts to interpret law enforcement personnel privacy rights involving workplace
             serach, drug testing, disease testing, polygraph testing, intimate associations
             involving lifestyle preference and sexual conduct and disclosure of personal,
             medical and financial information.

1677. Blum, R.H. (1967). The polygraph examination in law enforcement personnel selection.
            Police, 12, 60-75.
            Rec#: 746
            Keywords: screening-police.

1678. Blum, R.H., & Osterloh, W. (1968). The polygraph examination as a means for
            detecting truth and falsehood in stories presented by police informants. Journal
            of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science, 59, 133-137.
            Rec#: 747
            Keywords: applications-informants.

1679. Boaz, S.E. (1941). Lies and their detection. Tennessee Law Review, 16, 856-865.
             Rec#: 749
             Keywords: lying-detection.

1680. Boaz, T.L., Raney, G., Fischler, I.S., Perry, N. W., Jr., & Shuman, D. (1991). Detection
             of guilty knowledge with event-related potentials. Journal of Applied
             Psychology, 76, 788-795.
             Rec#: 750
             Keywords: event-related potentials/EEG/ERP.
1681. Bodine, L. (1980). Polygraphs take the stand. The National Law Journal, 2, 1, 10-11.
            Rec#: 751
            Keywords: admissibility.

1682. Boehmer, R.D. (1988). FINAPRESR. Medical Electronics, -
           Rec#: 9727
           Keywords: blood pressure/instrumentation.

1683. Bohan, T.L., & Heels, E.J. (1995). The case against Daubert: The new scientific
             evidence "standard" and the standards of the several states. Journal of Forensic
             Sciences, 40, 1030-1044.
             Rec#: 9230
             Keywords: evidence-scientific/Frye case/general acceptance/courtroom
             testimony-expert witness/evidence-computer generated/Daubert Standard.

1684. Bohardt, P.H. (1959). Tucson uses new police personnel selection methods. FBI Law
            Enforcement Bulletin, 28, 8-12.
            Rec#: 755
            Keywords: screening-police-Tucson/Tucson Police Department.

1685. Bohn, L.C. Anonymous. Lockheed Electronics Company. (1961 Jan 03).
             Rec#: 756
             Keywords: applications-arms control.
             Notes: Reprinted in Arms Control and National Security, by Donald G. Brennan
             (Ed.).

1686. Bohr, E. (1953). Lie detector. Radio and Television News, 56-58.
             Rec#: 757
             Keywords: instruments-electrodermal-homemade.

1687. Bok, S. Anonymous. (1999). Lying: Moral choice in public and private life. 2nd ed,
             New York, N. Y.: Vintage Books. 0-375-70528-7.
             Rec#: 3566
             Keywords: honesty/lying.

1688. Bolinger, D. (1986). Uncovering potential spies before security is breached. Military
             Police Journal, 13, 27
             Rec#: 760
             Keywords: applications-counterintelligence.

1689. Bolinger, D. (1973). Truth is a linguistic question. Language, 49, 539-550.
             Rec#: 759
             Keywords: truth/linguistics/semantics/communication.

1690. Bonaguro, L.A. (1969). Consequences of police officers' refusal to testify, answer
            questions, or submit to a polygraph. Traffic Digest and Review, 18-23.
            Rec#: 763
            Keywords: law-police/applications-police.
1691. Bond, C.F., Omar, A., Pitre, U., Lashley, B.R., Skaggs, L.M., & Kirk, C.T. (1992).
             Fishy-looking liars: Deception judgment from expectancy violation. Journal of
             Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 969-977.
             Rec#: 9728
             Keywords: nonverbal behavior/Deception
             detection/SOCIAL-PERCEPTION/EXPECTATIONS/expectancy model.
             Abstract: To explain how people judge that others are lying, an
             expectancy-violation model is proposed. According to the model, deception is
             perceived from nonverbal behavior that violates normative expectation. To test
             the model, 3 experiments were conducted, 2 in the United States and 1 in India.
             In each experiment, people described acquaintances while exhibiting weird
             nonverbal behaviors, such as arm raising, head tilting, and staring. Other Ss
             watched the videotapes of the descriptions and made deception judgments.
             Consistent with the expectancy-violation model, both American undergraduates
             and Indian illiterates inferred deception from weird behaviors. Implications of the
             model are discussed.

1692. Bond, C.F. Jr., & Atoum, A.O. (2000). International deception. Personality and Social
             Psychology Bulletin, 26, 385-395.
             Rec#: 7666
             Keywords: cross cultural differences/deception.
             Abstract: This article reports 3 studies of international deception. Americans,
             Jordanians, and Indians were videotaped while lying and telling the truth, and the
             resulting tapes were judged for deception by other Americans, Jordanians, and
             Indians. Results show that lies can be detected across cultures. They can be
             detected across cultures that share a language and cultures that do not, by
             illiterates as well as university students. Contrary to a hypothesis of
             ethnocentrism, perceivers show no general tendency to judge persons from other
             countries as deceptive; in fact, they often judge foreigners to be more truthful than
             compatriots. There is,. however, some evidence for a language-based
             ethnocentrism when perceivers are judging the deceptiveness of a series of people
             from the same multilingual culture. Ancillary results reveal that people from
             diverse backgrounds reach consensus in deception judgements and that
             motivation can impair a liar's ability to achieve communication goals.

1693. Bond, C.F., Jr., Kahler, K.N., & Paolicelli, L.M. (1985). The miscommunication of
             deception: An adaptive perspective. Journal of Experimental Social
             Psychology, 21, 331-345.
             Rec#: 765
             Keywords: behavioral cues/nonverbal behavior.

1694. Bond, C.F., Jr., Omar, A., Mahmoud, A., & Bonser, R.N. (1990). Lie detection across
             cultures. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 14, 189-204.
             Rec#: 764
             Keywords: cross-cultural differences/nonverbal detection of deception-eye
             contact/nonverbal behavior/Jordan/detection of deception-cross cultural.
1695. Bond, C.F., Jr., & Robinson, M. (1988). The evolution of deception. Journal of
             Nonverbal Behavior, 12, 295-307.
             Rec#: 766
             Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

1696. Borgen, Lowell A. and Goodman, Lowell I. Voice print analysis of anxiolytic drug
            effects: Preliminary results. 76.
            Rec#: 9117
            Keywords: voice stress analysis/drugs/PSE.
            Notes: Presentation at the American Society of Clinical Pharmacology and
            Therapeutics, Seattle, WA.

1697. Borkenstein, R.F.,, & Larson, J.A. V.A. Leonard. (1957). The clinical team approach.
            Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 11-19 p.
            Rec#: 775
            Keywords: techniques-team testing/facilities.

1698. Borod, J.C., Kent, J., Koff, E., Martin, C., & Alpert, M. (1988). Facial assymetry while
             posing positive and negative emotions: Support for the right hemisphere
             hypothesis. Neuropsychologia, 26, 759-764.
             Rec#: 777
             Keywords: research-nonverbal detection of deception/nonverbal detection of
             deception/theory-emotions.

1699. Bosshardt, M.J., DuBois, D.A., Paullin, C., & Carter, G.W. Anonymous. Department
            of Defense Personnel Security Research and Education Center. (1989). Contract
            No. N0014-87-D0717-0002, NTIS No. AD-A235 851/3/XAB.
            Rec#: 779
            Keywords: interviewing/interrogation/research-interviewing.

1700. Bottom, B. (1979). Lie detector lobby raises its voice. The Bulletin, 19-21.
            Rec#: 781
            Keywords: Australia.
            Notes: [Australian magazine].

1701. Bottoms, A.M. (1956). Use of a "lie detector" in marriage trials. Jurist, 16, 292-298.
            Rec#: 782
            Keywords: applications-divorce.

1702. Boucsein, W. (1984). Dependence of skin conductance reactions and skin resistance
            reactions upon previous level. Psychophysiology, 21, 212-218.
            Rec#: 6443
            Keywords: electrodermal/electrodermal-skin conductance/electrodermal-skin
            resistance.

1703. Boucsein, W. (1976). The effect of chlordiazepoxide on the anticipation of electric
            shocks. Psychopharmacology, 48, 303-306.
            Rec#: 6445
              Keywords: drugs-tranquilizers.

1704. Boucsein, W., & Hoffman, G. (1979). A direct comparison of the skin conductance and
            skin resistance methods. Psychophysiology, 16, 66-70.
            Rec#: 772
            Keywords: electrodermal/electrodermal-skin resistance/electrodermal-skin
            conductance/instrumentation-electrodermal/theory-electrodermal.

1705. Bower, B. (1984). Senate hears new lie detector proposals. Science News, 125, 183
            Rec#: 784
            Keywords: applications-national security/Department of Defense.

1706. Bowling, M. (1978). Comparative analysis of responses in unknown and known
            solution stimulation tests. Polygraph, 7, 263-265.
            Rec#: 785
            Keywords: validity-stimulation
            tests/pneumo/cardiosphygmograph/techniques-stimulation
            tests/research-stimulation tests.

1707. Anonymous. Statement of Christopher J. Boyce. ed. 1985 Apr; Washington, DC:
           GPO.
           Rec#: 787
           Keywords:
           screening-counterintelligence/applications-counterintelligence/cases-espionage/C
           entral Intelligence Agency.
           Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, (14)2, 128-238.

1708. Boyce, R.N. (1963). Judicial recognition of scientific evidence in criminal cases. Utah
             Law Review, 8, 313-327.
             Rec#: 788
             Keywords: admissibility-scientific evidence.

1709. Boyd, D.A. (1995). The effect of quality control on counterintelligence and personnel
            security polygraph testing.
            Rec#: 9178
            Keywords: screening-federal/quality control/countermeasures.
            Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.

1710. Boyle, J.S. (1959). A bar association's viewpoint regarding the lie detector technique.
             Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 50, 99-100.
             Rec#: 789
             Keywords: Chicago Bar Association-investigation-polygraph.

1711. Boysen, Wayne M. and Kirby, Arthur G. Technical scientific aspect. Minneapolis,
            Minnesota. 69.
            Rec#: 7334
            Keywords: pneumo/cardio tracing/chart markings/physiological
            responses/transducer/GSR.
              Notes: A preper prepared for presentation to the Fourth Annual Seminar
              American Polygraph Assoication, Houston, Texas, August 18,1969. Department
              of Police, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

1712. Braddock, Samuel L. A comparative investigation between skin conductance and skin
            resistance. 88.
            Rec#: 6447
            Keywords: electrodermal/electrodermal-skin conductance/electrodermal-skin
            resistance.

1713. Braddock, Samuel L. Polygraph strategies for serial rapist. 90.
            Rec#: 9729
            Keywords: victims/interrogation-rape.

1714. Bradford, G. (1933). A machine that makes criminals confess. Los Angeles Times
             Sunday Magazine, 9, 18.
             Rec#: 790
             Keywords: historical interest-Keeler,
             Leonarde/cases-homicide-innocent/narcoanalysis/cases-insurance-truthful/cases-i
             nsurance-malingering/malingering/cases-false reports/interrogation-post
             test/surveys Northwestern University Crime Laboratory/cases-embezzlement.
             Notes: Abstract in APA Newsletter (1988, July/August), 23(4), 4-5.

1715. Bradley, M.T., MacLaren, V.V., & Carle, S.B. (1996). Deception and non-deception in
             guilty knowledge and guilty actions polygraph tests. Journal of Applied
             Psychology, 81, 153-160.
             Rec#: 7037
             Keywords: guilty knowledge.

1716. Bradley, M.T., MacLarin, N.V., & Black, M.E. (1996). The control question test in
             polygraphic examinations with actual controls for truth. Perceptual and Motor
             Skills, 83, 755-762.
             Rec#: 7050
             Keywords: control question tests/CQT.

1717. Bradley, M.T., McLaren, V., & Carle, S.B. Anonymous. University of New
             Brunswick. (1992 Jul 08). DoDPI94-R-0017,
             Rec#: 7582
             Keywords: repetition rate/respiration/emotion/GKT/GAT.
             Notes: DTIC AD Number A303184, contract #N00014-90-J-1298,
             #N00014-93-1-1242.
             Abstract: The guilty knowledge polygraph test (GKT) and a variation of the test,
             the guilty actions test (GAT) were compared in a laboratory setting. 84 men who
             committed or witnessed a mock crime answered "no", repeated items, or remained
             silent in response to items on the GKT or GAT. A monetary reward was
             promised for appearing innocent on the test. An interaction with scores based on
             skin resistance showed that innocent witnesses tested on the GKT scored more in
              the guilt direction than subjects in any other groups. Subjects required to say
              "no" were more reactive to key items than subjects in the item repetition or
              silence groups. Thoracic respiration scores showed a difference between guilty
              and innocent subjects.

1718. Bradley, M.T. (1980). Accuracy demonstrations, threat and the detection of deception:
             Cardiovascular, electrodermal and pupillary measures. University of Manitoba;
             Rec#: 808
             Keywords: stimulation tests/dissertations and
             theses/cardio/electrodermal/pupillometry/threat.

1719. Bradley, M.T. (1988). Choice and the detection of deception. Perceptual and Motor
             Skills, 66, 43-48.
             Rec#: 791
             Keywords: validity.

1720. Bradley, M.T. (1989). Monetary incentives and the detection of deception. Canadian
             Psychology, 30, 450
             Rec#: 792
             Keywords:
             research-laboratory/Canada/theory-arousal/incentives/motivation-financial.
             Notes: [Special abstracts edition].

1721. Bradley, M.T., & Ainsworth, D. (1984). Alcohol and the psychophysiological detection
             of deception. Psychophysiology, 21, 63-71.
             Rec#: 793
             Keywords:
             alcohol/validity/countermeasures/techniques-GKT/techniques-CQT/drugs.
             Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 13, 177-192.
             Abstract: Intoxication at time of crime reduced accuracy; intoxication at time of
             test did not.

1722. Bradley, M.T., & Cullen, M.C. (1993). Polygraph lie detection on real events in a
             laboratory setting. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 76, 1051-1058.
             Rec#: 794
             Keywords: test repetition effect/gender/order effect.
             Abstract: 12 Ss were given 2 CQT tests; once when denying an embarrassing
             incident in their own past (Deceptive), once when denying an incident that
             happened to someone else (Truthful). Deception was more easily detected on the
             second test than on the first. Deceptive females were more easily detected in
             respiration than both nondeceptive females and deceptive males.

1723. Bradley, M.T., Cullen, M.C., & Carle, S.B. Anonymous. Department of Defense
             Polygraph Institute. (1993 Dec). DoDPI93-R-0012,
             Rec#: 6448
             Keywords: techniques-CQT/examiners-police/examiners-laboratory/control
             question tests/skin resistance/cardiovascular.
              Notes: DTIC AD Number A304407. Reprinted in Polygraph 25(1)1-14, 1996.
              Abstract: Males and females, truthful or deceptive, about a real life embarrassing
              story or a laboratory mock crime were examined with Control Question detection
              of deception tests. Exams were conducted either by a police or a laboratory
              trained polygraph operator. Subjects were more reactive to event relevant
              questions when deceptive than when truthful. Police scored subject records more
              towards innocence whereas laboratory investigators scored them more towards
              guilt. This was especially pronounced with skin resistance response (SRR)
              measurement on embarassing stories. Such a result could mean that laboratory
              investigators, when mistaken, would have a tendency to classify innocent people
              as guilty when dealing with real events, whereas the police when wrong, would
              tend to classify the guilty as innocent.

1724. Bradley, M.T., & Janisse, M.P. (1981). Accuracy demonstrations, threat, and the
             detection of deception: Cardiovascular, electrodermal, and pupillary measures.
             Psychophysiology, 18, 307-315.
             Rec#: 799
             Keywords: validity/reliability/stimulation tests/techniques-zone comparison
             test/techniques-POT/pupillometry/electrodermal/heart rate/cardio.
             Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph 10(2), 77-91.

1725. Bradley, M.T., & Janisse, M.P. (1981). Extraversion and the detection of deception.
             Personality and Individual Differences, 2, 99-103.
             Rec#: 800
             Keywords: personality variables-extraversion/personality variables.

1726. Bradley, Michael T. and Janisse, Michel P. Machiavellianism and the pupillary response
             in the detection of deception. 76.
             Rec#: 796
             Keywords: pupillometry/research-pupillometry/Canada.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript, University of Manitoba, Canada.

1727. Bradley, M.T., & Janisse, M.P. (1979). Pupil size and lie detection: The effect of
             certainty on detection. Psychology, 16, 33-39.
             Rec#: 797
             Keywords: pupillometry.

1728. Bradley, M.T., & Janisse, M.P. (1983). A reply to Gudjonsson's comments on the paper:
             Extraversion and the detection of deception. Personality and Individual
             Differences, 4, 363-364.
             Rec#: 801
             Keywords: theory-personality variables/Canada/techniques-control question
             test/techniques-relevant-irrelevant/techniques-guilty knowledge test.

1729. Bradley, M.T., & Klohn, K.I. (1987). Machiavellianism, the control question test and
             the detection of deception. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 64, 747-757.
             Rec#: 802
              Keywords: machiavellianism/personality variables/techniques-CQT.

1730. Bradley, M.T., MacDonald, P., & Fleming, I. (1989). Amnesia, feelings of knowing and
             the guilty knowledge test. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 21,
             224-231.
             Rec#: 803
             Keywords: GKT/amnesia/guilty knowledge test.

1731. Bradley, Michael T., MacLaren, V. V., and Carle, S. B. Deception and non-deception in
             guilty knowledge and guilty actions polygraph tests. 92.
             Rec#: 9175
             Keywords: techniques-GKT/techniques-GAT.

1732. Bradley, M.T., & Rettinger, J. (1992). Awareness of crime relevant information and the
             guilty knowledge test. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77, 55-59.
             Rec#: 804
             Keywords: GKT/guilty knowledge test/crime relevant information.

1733. Bradley, Michael T., Venkatarangam, N., and Williston, T. Choice versus random
             assignment in a laboratory study of lie detection. 88.
             Rec#: 805
             Keywords: research-subjects/random assignment/choice.
             Notes: Paper presented at the meeting of NATO Advanced Study Institute on
             Credibility Assessment, Maratea, Italy.

1734. Bradley, M.T., & Warfield, J.F. (1984). Innocence, information, and the guilty
             knowledge test in the detection of deception. Psychophysiology, 21, 683-689.
             Rec#: 806
             Keywords: techniques-GKT/guilty knowledge/skin resistance/innocence.
             Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 15, 82.

1735. Bradshaw, J.W. (1982). Employer uses of polygraph. Polygraph, 11, 159-184.
            Rec#: 810
            Keywords: applications-employee misconduct/screening-commercial/National
            Labor Relations Act/Civil Rights Act/admissibility-stipulated.
            Abstract: Employee misconduct has become a major concern of public and
            private employers in recent years, as employee crimes against property have been
            estimated to cost between $12 billion and $40 billion annually. Examination of
            recent cases and relevant laws indicates that employers may request that a
            prospective employee submit to and successfully take a polygraph examination as
            a condition of employment. However, if the employers' use of the polygraph
            examination has a disproportionately adverse impact on members of a protected
            group, such use violates Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Futhermore,
            employers violate the National Labor Relations Act if they use the polygraph to
            inquire into the applicant's union sympathies. Employers may require an
            employee to submit to a polygraph examination when the employee is the subject
            of specific evidence indication misconduct in employment or when the employers'
              use of the examination represents a bargained-for condition of employment.
              Generally, when employers have a lawful motive to use the polygraph
              examination, the employee's refusal to take the examination constitutes cause for
              discharge within the meaning of Section 10 (c) of the National Labor Relations
              Act. Many courts allow polygraph evidence to be used only if there has been a
              prior stipulation to such use by both parties. A total of 108 footnote references
              are provided. (Author summary modified).

1736. Brandsma, J.M. (1972). The effects of personality and placebo-instructional sets on
            psychophysiological responding. Dissertation Abstracts International, 32:
            (11-B). 6672
            Rec#: 8424
            Keywords: psychophysiological responses/placebos.

1737. Brandt, D.R., Miller, G.R., & Hocking, J.E. (1980). The truth-deception attribution:
             Effects of familiarity on the ability of observers to detect deception. Human
             Communication Research, 6, 99-110.
             Rec#: 812
             Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

1738. Brannon, P. (1989). Polygraphs - right to counsel. American Association of Police
            Polygraphists Newsletter, 24-25.
            Rec#: 9133
            Keywords: stipulated examinations.

1739. Brannon, P. (1989). The use of the polygraph in child sexual abuse cases. American
            Association of Police Polygraphists Newsletter, 19-20.
            Rec#: 816
            Keywords: applications-sex offenders/question formulation-relevant questions.

1740. Anonymous. Statement of Mary C. Braxton.         ed. 1986 Apr 23; Washington, D. C.:
           GPO. 87-91p.
           Rec#: 9732
           Keywords: preemployment screening.

1741. Brazel, C. (1986). Taking a polygraph test. AFCW Action, 18
              Rec#: 7125
              Keywords: preemployment screening/criticism.

1742. Breitzman, A.L. (1957). The certification program of the Academy for Scientific
             Interrogation. Police, 1, 50-51; 1(4), 52; 1(5), 42-44; 1(6), 44.
             Rec#: 820
             Keywords: Academy for Scientific Interrogation/examiners-certification/training.

1743. Brekke, N.C. (1985). Expert scientific testimony in rape trials (Rape trauma syndrome,
            lie detectors, jury decision-making, social judgment, myths). Dissertation
            Abstracts International, 47: (1-B). 429
            Rec#: 821
              Keywords: dissertations and theses/applications-rape/courtroom testimony.
              Notes: (University Microfilms No. AAD86-06213), 237 p.

1744. Brekke, N.C., Enko, P.J., Clavet, G., & Seelau, E. (1991). Of juries and court-appointed
            experts: The impact of nonadversarial versus adversarial expert testimony. Law
            and Human Behavior, 15, 451-475.
            Rec#: 822
            Keywords: courtroom testimony-jurors.

1745. Brennan, D.G. Anonymous. (1961). Arms control, disarmament and national security.
            New York: Braziller.
            Rec#: 823
            Keywords: applications-arms control.

1746. Brenner, Malcolm. Stagefright and Steven's law: A study. 74.
            Rec#: 9118
            Keywords: voice stress analysis/Steven's Law.
            Notes: Presentation at the Eastern Psychological Association Convention, Ohio
            State University.

1747. Anonymous. The psychological stress evaluator: Technical limitations affecting lie
           detection. ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
           Rec#: 826
           Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE/validity.
           Notes: Printed in Polygraph, 8, 127-132.

1748. Brenner, M., Branscomb, H., & Schwartz, G.E. (1979). Psychological stress evaluator:
            Two tests of a vocal measure. Psychophysiology, 16, 351-357.
            Rec#: 827
            Keywords: research-voice stress analysis/voice stress/PSE/validity-PSE.

1749. Brenner, Malcolm and Branscomb, Harvie H. The telestar truth machine: Four problems
            affecting its use. 81.
            Rec#: 9733
            Keywords: response patterns/reliability.
            Notes: Prepared for the U. S. Department of Justice, December 1981.

1750. Brenner, Malcolm and Donaghy, William. Audience size and stagefright: A test of the
            PSE. nd.
            Rec#: 828
            Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript, University of Michigan.

1751. Brenner, Malcolm and Shipp, Thomas. Acoustic and physiologic manifestations of
            psychological stress. 82.
            Rec#: 829
            Keywords: voice stress analysis/psychological stress.
            Notes: Paper presented at the 103rd meeting of the Acoustical Society of
               American, Chicago, IL.

1752. Brenner, M. (1997). American Nightmare: the ballad of Richard Jewell. Vanity fair,
            100-165.
            Rec#: 7014
            Keywords: cases-bombing/screening/FBI.

1753. Anonymous. M. Brenton. (1964). The lie detector: Industry's electric chair. Parts I & II.
           New York: Coward-McCann. 91-116 p.
           Rec#: 830
           Keywords: criticism-privacy.

1754. Breslin, Veronica D. A study to determine the anxiety levels of learning disabled children
             and normal ability children as measured by the children's manifest anxiety
             scale and the psychological stress evaluator. 75.
             Rec#: 831
             Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE/manifest anxiety scale/children.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript, Glassboro State College.

1755. Brett, A., Phillips, M., & Beary, J.F. (1986). Predictive powers of the polygraph: Can
              the "lie detector" really detect liars? The Lancet, 1, 544-547.
              Rec#: 832
              Keywords: criticism-validity.

1756. Bricker, J.G. Dr. John F. Beary . (Aug 4 1983).
             Rec#: 6766
             Keywords: guilt/post test/interrogation/polygraph techniques.

1757. Bricker, J.G., & Allen, J. c.o.1.r.o.t.l.o.p.r.b.Mr.N.A. Dr. Beary. (Aug 1 1983).
             Rec#: 6768
             Keywords: validity/reliability/Guilty knowledge test.

1758. Briere, John, Sandler, Lorna S., and Runtz, Marsha. On the use of the polygraph to verify
              rape complaints: A critique. nd.
              Rec#: 9119
              Keywords: applications-victims/rape/criticism.
              Notes: Reprints may be obtained from Klinic Inc. Community Health Centre, 545
              Broadway Ave., Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, R3C 0W3.

1759. Brill, A.A. (1914). Artificial dreams and lying. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 9,
              321
              Rec#: 835
              Keywords: historical interest/lying/dreams.

1760. Brisentine, Robert. Quality Control Problems. 76.
             Rec#: 6863
             Keywords: interrogation/GSR/deception/control questions/drug use.
1761. Brisentine, Robert A., Jr. Exculpatory drug examinations. 87.
             Rec#: 842
             Keywords: applications-drug cases-exculpation/question formulation-relevant
             questions/question formulation-control questions/statistics/U.S. Army CID.
             Notes: Paper presented at the Virginia Polygraph Association fall seminar.

1762. Brisentine, R.A., Jr. (1991). Hidden controls. Polygraph, 20, 194-196.
             Rec#: 843
             Keywords: control questions/CQT/MRI.

1763. Brisentine, Robert A., Jr. Polygraph quality control. 79.
             Rec#: 841
             Keywords: pretest interview/examiners-certification/quality control.
             Notes: Paper presented at the National Polygraph Workshop, Delta College, MI.

1764. Brisentine, Robert A., Jr. Polygraph quality control. 91.
             Rec#: 6450
             Keywords: quality control.
             Notes: Paper presented at the American Polygraph Association Annual Seminar
             of the American Polygraph Association, Reno, NV.

1765. Brisentine, Robert A., Jr. Polygraph quality control summary sheet. 89.
             Rec#: 6449
             Keywords: quality control.
             Notes: Paper presented at the American Polygraph Association 24th Annual
             Seminar, Sparks, NV.

1766. Brisentine, R.A., Jr. (1974). Polygraph research in the U.S. Army. Polygraph, 3,
             66-80.
             Rec#: 837
             Keywords: research-U.S. Army/validity/reliability-general/instrumentation.

1767. Brisentine, R.A., Jr. (1973). Quality control. Polygraph, 2, 278-286.
             Rec#: 836
             Keywords: quality control/reliability-test data analysis/U.S. Army CID/test data
             analysis-quality control.

1768. Brisentine, Robert A., Jr. Speech by R. A. Brisentine. 73.
             Rec#: 9120
             Keywords: quality control/standardization.
             Notes: Presented at the American Polygraph Association.

1769. Brisentine, Robert A., Jr. Speech by R. A. Brisentine. 73.
             Rec#: 9121
             Keywords: research-DoD/research-validity/research-reliability.
             Notes: Presented at the American Polygraph Association.

1770. Brisentine, R.A., Jr. (1979). State of the art of polygraph examinations. Detective, 7,
              24-31.
              Rec#: 840
              Keywords: polygraph-general-U.S. Army/U.S. Army CID.
              Abstract: The basic polygraph instrument includes a cardiograph to record
              changes in blood pressure and pulse rate, a pneumograph to record changes in
              respiration, and a galvanized skin resistance instrument to record changes in the
              skin's resistance to electrical current. During polygraph examinations, stimuli are
              applied by asking questions. Some law enforcement agencies use the polygraph in
              15 percent to 20 percent of their criminal investigations. Polygraph examinations
              are used in cases where physical evidence is such that the incident may or may
              not be a crime, e.g., in suicide cases that appear to be homicide or vice versa, and
              in fraud cases. They are also used in cases where many persons had the
              opportunity to commit the crime and it could have been committed by one or
              more persons. In addition, polygraph examinations are useful in crimes where
              there aare no eyewitnesses, e.g., crimes against property such as burglary and
              larceny. All federal agencies and many police departments have quality control
              programs to monitor the use and interpretation of polygraph examinations. Even
              though the results of such examinations demonstrate their reliability, the problem
              of verifying the examination still remains. Verification can only be accomplished
              when a confession is obtained. The American Polygraph Association supports
              state or federal licensing of the instrument's use. As of mid-1979, licensing bills
              or other regulatory laws had been passed in 22 states.

1771. Anonymous. Statement of Mr. Robert A. Brisentne, Jr. senior polgraph examiner, U. S.
           Army Criminal Investigation Command. ed.
           Rec#: 6628
           Keywords: examiners/training.
           Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 3, (3), 285-307.

1772. Brisentine, R.A., Jr. (1990). "Zone Comparison Is The Proper Name," A Response.
             Polygraph, 19, 222-224.
             Rec#: 9735
             Keywords: techniques-zone comparison test.

1773. Brisentine, Sharon. A study on the polygraph testing and clearance decisions of cases
             involving illegal drug use. 84.
             Rec#: 9736
             Keywords: security screening/cases-drugs.

1774. Brobst, K.E., & Brock, R.D., III. (1987). A winning combination. Security
             Management, 3, 79-87.
             Rec#: 847
             Keywords: research-paper and pencil tests/paper and pencil
             tests/screening-commercial/reliability-general.

1775. Anonymous. D. Brock. (1993). The myth of the typical case. 279-286 p.
           Rec#: 8854
              Keywords: reliability/Minor, Paul K.

1776. Brock, D. (1993). The Real Anita Hill: The Untold Story. New York: The Free Press.
             Rec#: 848
             Keywords: Minor, Paul K./Gugas, Chris/Bull, Ray/Lykken, David T./Roemer,
             Bill/Hatch, Orrin/Silas, Herman/Hickman, Richard/Gobie, Stephen/error/false
             negative/false positive/male prostitute/battle of experts.

1777. Brock, Randolph D., III. Politicians and the polygraph: Is pre-election screening as
             absurd as it sounds? 76.
             Rec#: 849
             Keywords: applications-political candidates.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1778. Brockway, B.F. (1979). Situational stress and temporal changes in self-report and vocal
            measurement. Nursing Research, 28, 19-24.
            Rec#: 5132
            Keywords: voice stress/PSE/dektor psychological stress analyzer/autonomic
            nervous system.

1779. Brokaw, J.R., Heckel, R.H., Salzbert, H.C., & Wiggins, S.L. (1962). Polygraphic
            variations in reactivity between delusional, non-delusional, and control groups in
            a crime situation. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology & Police, 53, 380
            Rec#: 6818
            Keywords: Crime/applications-criminal investigations.

1780. Brooks, J. (1985). Polygraph testing: Thoughts of a skeptical legislator. American
            Psychologist, 40, 348-354.
            Rec#: 852
            Keywords: legislation-federal/screening-federal/applications-national
            security/criticism-general.
            Abstract: The federal government, under the leadership of the Reagan
            administration, is expanding the use ofo polygraph tests for screening and
            investigative purposes. This artical reviews the history of debate within the
            government over the use of the polygraph, and it describes legislation that must be
            enacted to control the proliferation of unwarranted and inaccurate polygraph use.

1781. Anonymous. Statement of Congressman Jack Brooks. ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
           Rec#: 851
           Keywords: legislation-federal-counterintelligence/applications-national
           security/screening-DoD-counterintelligence.

1782. Brown, A. (1985). Employment tests: Issues without clear answers. Personnel
            Administrator, 30, 43-56.
            Rec#: 854
            Keywords: screening-commercial/law-EEOC/paper and pencil tests.

1783. Brown, C.C. Anonymous. (1967). The techniques of plethysmography: Chapter 2.
              Baltimore: Wilkins Co. 54-74 p.
              Rec#: 6928
              Keywords: plethysmography.

1784. Brown, M.J., & Ream, D. (1989). Recent tort cases: Polygraph examinations of
            employees. Defense, 31, 2-6.
            Rec#: 856
            Keywords: law-labor-rights/law-labor/law-EPPA.

1785. Brown, P. (1989). Handwriting analysis: Your passport to success. Get Paid, 14, 16,
            45.
            Rec#: 857
            Keywords: graphology.

1786. S. Brown. Peron family and followers protest exhumation order. Aug 30, 1996;
             Reuters Limited. ()
             Rec#: 6905
             Keywords: polygraph general/applications.
             Notes: Off the internet AOLNewsProfiles@aol.net.

1787. Brown, W.P. (1965). Emotional indicators in word association. British Journal of
            Psychology, 56, 401-402.
            Rec#: 859
            Keywords: word association.

1788. Brownley, K.A., Hurwitz, B.E., & Schneiderman, N. J.T. Cacioppo, L.G. Tassinary, &
            G.G. Berntson. Cardiovascular psychophysiology. 2 nd ed, New York, NY:
            Cambridge University Press. 224-264 p. 052162634X.
            Rec#: 6436
            Keywords: cardio/blood pressure/blood flow.
            Notes: Chapter 9.

1789. Brownlie, Charles. Cultural diversity and polygraph science. 97.
            Rec#: 6864
            Keywords: cultural differences/polygraph general.

1790. Anonymous. Testimony of Harold L. Brownman, Deputy Director for Management and
           Service, Central Intelligence Agency. ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
           Rec#: 860
           Keywords: Central Intelligence
           Agency/screening-CIA/applications-counterintelligence/research-CIA.

1791. Brubaker, R.F., Worthen, D.M., Feather, J.E., & Newman, J.S. Anonymous. (1969 Feb).
            Space Sciences Incorporated, Rome Air Development Center, Air Force Systems
            Command, Griffiss Air Force Base, New York; final technical report for
            RADC-TR-68-333,
            Rec#: 861
            Keywords: instruments-cardio activity monitor/cardio activity monitor/test data
              analysis-CAM/research-instruments-Cardio.

1792. Bryan, A.I. (1930). Blood pressure deception changes and their use as an index of
             personality.
             Rec#: 862
             Keywords: historical interest/blood pressure/theory-personality
             variables/research-personality variables/dissertations and theses.
             Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.

1793. Bryant, W.G. (1989). Asset forfeiture - Disclosing hidden assets: Plea bargains and use
             of the polygraph. Washington, DC: The Bureau of Justice Assistance.
             Rec#: 6278
             Keywords: applications-plea bargains.
             Notes: 49 p.

1794. Buchan, D.S. (1985). Criminal procedure - Totality of the circumstances examined in
            determining that suspect, who waived his Miranda Rights before taking a
            polygraph test, must be readvised of those rights before post-polygraph
            interrogation (case note). Temple Law Quarterly, 58, 681-691.
            Rec#: 864
            Keywords: law-Miranda warnings/stipulated examinations-Miranda warning.

1795. Buck, J.A. (1979). Leading questions and the guilty knowledge test. Dissertation
             Abstracts International, 40: (4B). 1880
             Rec#: 865
             Keywords: research-GKT/techniques-GKT/memory/dissertations and theses.
             Notes: (University Microfilm No. AAD79-22717), 58 p.

1796. Buckley, J.P. Richard H. Bolt. (Jun 16 1986).
            Rec#: 9738
            Keywords: security screening/counterintelligence.

1797. Buckley, Joseph P. Guideline for the proper use of the polygraph technique by the
            employer. nd.
            Rec#: 809
            Keywords: preemployment screening/Accuracy/John E. Reid &
            Associates/applications-general/drug use/pretest interview/GSR.

1798. Buckley, J.P., III. (1985). Analysis of Kleinmuntz' Trial magazine article. APA
            Newsletter, 18, 17-18.
            Rec#: 878
            Keywords: validity-partial charts-laboratory.

1799. Buckley, J.P., III. (1989). APA public relations releasing stories on police use of the
            polygraph: First release on U.S. Customs. APA Newsletter, 22, 9-10.
            Rec#: 871
            Keywords: cases-smuggling/cases-narcotics/U.S. Customs Service.
1800. Buckley, Joseph P., III. Behavior symptom analysis outline. 88.
            Rec#: 869
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/interrogation-nonverbal behavior.
            Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Polygraph
            Association, Miami Beach, FL.

1801. Buckley, J.P., III. (1987). Buckley refutes assertions in AMA Journal letters. APA
            Newsletter, 20, 9-13.
            Rec#: 888
            Keywords: validity/base rate/AMA.

1802. Buckley, Joseph P., III. Control questions - Theoretical foundation and practical
            application - The Reid perspective. 85.
            Rec#: 881
            Keywords: question formulation-control questions/question formulation-Reid
            control questions.
            Notes: Paper presented at the 20th annual seminar of the American Polygraph
            Association, Reno, NV.

1803. Buckley, J.P., III. (1987). Courts look favorably on employers using the polygraph.
            APA Newsletter, 20, 20
            Rec#: 889
            Keywords: law-civil-federal/law-labor/law-civil-Pennsylvania/law-civil-Georgia.

1804. Buckley, J.P., III. (1986). Honestly, it's the truth. Security Management, 1-6.
            Rec#: 883
            Keywords:
            surveys/screening-commercial-preemployment/screening-commercial-investigatio
            ns/utility-screening-commercial.

1805. Buckley, Joseph P., III. Interviewing for integrity: A presentation on job applicants for
            positions of trust. 88.
            Rec#: 870
            Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment/integrity tests.
            Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Polygraph
            Association, Miami Beach, FL.

1806. Buckley, J.P., III. (1986). Letters to the Editor. Harvard Business Review, 6-7.
            Rec#: 884
            Keywords: validity-test data analysis.
            Notes: includes reply by Kleinmuntz.

1807. Buckley, J.P., III. (1987). Nobody's perfect. Security Management, 31, 77-82.
            Rec#: 890
            Keywords: screening-commercial.

1808. Buckley, J.P., III. (1985). The polygraph. Trial, 21, 10
            Rec#: 879
              Keywords: admissibility.

1809. Buckley, J.P., III. (1980). The polygraph examination - An explanation for subjects.
            APA Newsletter, 13, 9-13.
            Rec#: 876
            Keywords: subjects-explanation to/public relations/pretest.

1810. Buckley, J.P., III. (1986). Polygraph testing: The pros and cons: The use of polygraphs
            by the business community. Management Review, 59-61.
            Rec#: 885
            Keywords: screening-preemployment.

1811. Buckley, J.P., III. (1988). Polygraphs in the workplace. Small Business Report, 6,
            July
            Rec#: 868
            Keywords: American Polygraph Association/screening-commercial/ethics.

1812. Buckley, J.P., III. (1979). Public relations committee report. APA Newsletter, 16-18.
            Rec#: 875
            Keywords: public relations/surveys-subject attitudes/American Polygraph
            Association.

1813. Buckley, J.P., III. (1986). Questions and answers. The Investigator, 2, 1-2.
            Rec#: 886
            Keywords: interrogation-inventory loss.

1814. Buckley, J.P., III. (1986). Questions and answers. The Investigator, 2, 1-2.
            Rec#: 887
            Keywords: verbal behavior/nonverbal behavior/bibliographies.

1815. Buckley, J.P., III. (1987). Questions and answers. The Investigator, 3, 1-2.
            Rec#: 893
            Keywords: interrogation-juveniles.

1816. Buckley, Joseph P., III. The Reid control question technique - Specific issue examination.
            85.
            Rec#: 880
            Keywords: techniques-CQT/specific issue test/Reid, John E.
            Notes: Paper presented at the 20th annual seminar of the American Polygraph
            Association, Reno, NV.

1817. Buckley, Joseph P., III. The Reid nine steps of interrogation. 91.
            Rec#: 872
            Keywords: interrogation-Reid.
            Notes: Paper presented at the annual conference of the American Polygraph
            Association, Sparks, NV.

1818. Buckley, J.P., III. (1988). The use of the polygraph in the workplace. Polygraph, 17,
              80-90.
              Rec#: 897
              Keywords: applications/false positive/false negative/American Polygraph
              Association
              policy/licensing-state/limiting-states/screening-commercial-preemployment/scree
              ning-commercial-investigations/validity/OTA report.

1819. Buckley, J.P., III. (1987). The use of the polygraph in the workplace: The American
            Polygraph Association's view. Employment Testing, 1, 4-5.
            Rec#: 894
            Keywords: screening-commercial-protection for subjects/American Polygraph
            Association policy.

1820. Buckley, Joseph P., III. The use of the polygraph in the workplace: The American
            Polygraph Association's view. 87.
            Rec#: 895
            Keywords: screening-commercial/false positive/false
            negative/licensing-state/limiting-states/admissibility/screening-commercial-preem
            ployment/screening-commercial-investigations/validity/American Polygraph
            Association/OTA Report.
            Notes: Paper presented at the Privacy Claims in the Workplace Conference,
            Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, DC.

1821. Buckley, J.P., III, & Mullenix, P.A. (1985). The use of behavior symptoms in the search
            for truth: A tool for the prosecutor. The Prosecutor, 19, 41-44.
            Rec#: 877
            Keywords: nonverbal cues/nonverbal detection of deception/interrogation.
            Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 15, 40-46.

1822. Buckley, J.P., III, & Senese, L.C. (1991). The influence of race and gender on blind
            polygraph chart analyses. Polygraph, 20, 247-258.
            Rec#: 899
            Keywords: test data analysis-blind/race/gender.

1823. Buckley, J.P., III, & Senese, L.C. (1991). The influence of race and gender on
            preemployment polygraph examination results. Polygraph, 20, 238-246.
            Rec#: 900
            Keywords: screening-preemployment/race/gender.

1824. Buckley, J.P., III, & Senese, L.C. (1991). The influence of race and gender on specific
            issue polygraph examinations. Polygraph, 20, 229-237.
            Rec#: 898
            Keywords: demographics/techniques-specific issues/race/gender.

1825. Buckley, W.F., Jr. (1974). Polygraph anyone? National Review, 26, 942-943.
            Rec#: 901
            Keywords: applications-political candidates.
1826. Budiansky, S. (1984). Some truths about lie detectors. The Atlantic Monthly, 28,
            31-32, 34-35.
            Rec#: 903
            Keywords: screening-government/criticism.

1827. Budiansky, S. (1984). Technology: Lie detectors. The Atlantic, 254, 40,42,44.
            Rec#: 9236
            Keywords: technology/validity/OTA report.

1828. Budman, M. (1993). The honesty business. Across the Board, 30, 34-37.
           Rec#: 9237
           Keywords: paper and pencil tests/honesty
           testing/screening-commercial-preemployment.
           Abstract: Paper-and-pencil honesty testing has gained a foothold in hiring
           policies, but complaints and concerns linger.

1829. Budnick, J.A., Love, K.G., & Wisniewski, L. (1983). Predictors of liar/non-liar status:
            Birth order, age, reason for polygraph investigation and previous arrest. Journal
            of Police Science and Administration, 11, 402-404.
            Rec#: 904
            Keywords: lying/age/personality variables-birth order.

1830. Bull, R.H. J.C. Yuille. (1989). Can training enhance the detection of deception?
             Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. 83-99 p. 47.
             0-7923-0195-1 (hardcover).
             Rec#: 5103
             Keywords: paralinguistic indicators/verbal cues/nonverbal detection of
             deception/deception detection-training.
             Abstract: (from the chapter) a number of police recruitment advertisements and
             police training books seem to imply that the detection of deception from
             behavioral and speech cues is a simple affair. Furthermore, they suggest that
             training with regard to these cues can enhance the detection of deception. This
             chapter reviews the published literature on the effects of training and finds no
             evidence of a training effect.

1831. Bull, R.H. A. Gale. (1988). What is the lie detector test?   London: Sage
             Publications. 10-18 p.
             Rec#: 908
             Keywords: Great Britain/criticism-Great Britain/criticism-validity.

1832. Buller, D.B., & Aune, R.K. (1987). Nonverbal cues to deception among intimates,
              friends and strangers. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 11, 269-290.
              Rec#: 914
              Keywords: nonverbal cues/detection of deception.
              Notes: Reprinted in David V. Canter, Criminal Detection and the Psychology of
              Crime (p. 107-128), Brookfield, Vermont, Dartmouth Publishing Company
              Limited.
1833. Buller, D.B.,, & Burgoon, J.K. P.A. Andersen & L.K. Guerrero. (1998). Emotional
              expression in the deception process. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, Inc.
              381-402 p. 0120577704.
              Rec#: 7505
              Keywords: deception/emotional content/interpersonal communication.
              Abstract: (from the chapter) We begin this chapter by defining emotion and its
              related components. We then turn to where and how emotion enters the deception
              process. We frame our discussion within Interpersonal Deception Theory (IDT), a
              new theory we are developing that highlights the communication between sender
              and receiver rather than the intrapsychic processes of the actors. We move from
              considering relevant preinteraction factors that instigate deception and
              deception-related emotional displays, to considering deceptive and emotional
              messages during interaction, the iterative interaction process between senders and
              receivers, and the emotion-relevant consequences of such interactions. From the
              sender's vantage point, emotions are discussed as motivators of deception, as
              purposive and inadvertent parts of the deceptive message, and as signals of
              deceptive intent. Also examined is how successful deception depends on the
              sender's skill at encoding emotion. On the receiver side of the equation, the
              chapter describes how suspicion of deception provokes emotion and considers
              receivers' ability to detect deception-related emotion cues and deceptive messages
              about emotions. Throughout, we focus primarily on how emotion is
              communicated, rather than on how it is experienced psychologically.

1834. Buller, D.B., Comstock, J., Aune, R.K., & Strzyzewski, K.D. (1989). The effect of
              probing on deceivers and truthtellers. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 13,
              155-170.
              Rec#: 912
              Keywords: nonverbal cues/verbal cues/probing/detection of deception.

1835. Buller, D.B., Stiff, J.B., & Burgoon, J.K. (1996). Behavioral adaptation in deceptive
              transactions: Fact or fiction: Reply to Levine and McCornack. Human
              Communication Research, 22, 589-603.
              Rec#: 7482
              Keywords: behavior change/deception/impression formation/interviewing.
              Notes: see also P 7193.
              Abstract: Comments on T. R. Levine and S. A. McCornack's (see P 7193)
              criticisms of the behavioral adaptation explanation (BAE) for the probing effect in
              deception research. The inaccurate description of the theoretical relationships in
              the BAE, omissions of critical data, and concerns about the generalizability of
              data from noninteractive experimental designs pose large problems with those
              criticisms. Buller et al suggest accepting that both behavioral adaptation and
              heuristic processing occur in deceptive interactions.

1836. Buller, D.B., Strzyzewski, K.D., & Comstock, J. (1991). Interpersonal deception: I.
              Deceivers' reactions to receivers' suspicions and probing. Communication
              Monographs , 58, 1-24.
              Rec#: 9240
              Keywords: deception detection/communication-interpersonal.
              Abstract: Investigated the mutual influence of deceivers and those they deceive in
              communication, using 420 undergraduates. Interviews were conducted in which
              the source (a stranger or friend) either told the truth or lied to receivers. Half of
              the receivers were induced to be suspicious and half probed for additional
              information. Receivers in the suspicion condition actually encoded less suspicious
              probes, suggesting that they attempted to deceive sources about their suspicions.
              Sources accurately perceived suspicion and were more sensitive to suspicion
              communicated by friends, implying that decoding suspicion may be similar to
              detecting deceit. As expected, deceivers altered their behavior when they
              perceived suspicion and their behavior management was more pronounced when
              probed. Deceivers concealed their deceit by masking arousal cues and encoding a
              more positive demeanor. Neither probing, suspicion, nor familiarity improved
              deception detection.

1837. Buller, D.B., Strzyzewski, K.D., & Hunsaker, F.G. (1991). Interpersonal deception: II.
              The inferiority of conversational participants as deception detectors.
              Communication Monographs, 58, 25-40.
              Rec#: 913
              Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

1838. Bunn, G.C. (1997). The lie detector, Wonder Woman and liberty: The life and work
            of William Moulton Marston. History of the Human Sciences, 10, 91-119.
            Rec#: 6518
            Keywords: deception/historical interest/Marston, William M.
            Abstract: In the context of R. Cooter and S. Pumfrey's (1994) challenge to
            confront "the politics of the popular," the author describes and analyzes the life
            and work of the American psychologist William Moulton Marston (1893-1947).
            The article discusses two significant legacies that Marston left for American
            popular culture: the lie detector, which Marston claimed to have invented, and the
            creation of the female comic book superhero Wonder Woman. The article also
            discusses the development of the dominance-submission principle in Marston's
            experimental and theoretical work and how Marston came to regard them as the
            quintessential vehicles for sexual, social, and political freedom.

1839. Burack, B.A. (1955). A critical analysis of the theory, method and limitations of the "lie
            detector". Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science, 46,
            414-426.
            Rec#: 916
            Keywords:
            techniques/examiners-qualifications/validity/polygraph-theory/ethics/admissibilit
            y/criticism/polygraph-general.

1840. Burch, F.B., & Frankel, H.J. (1976). Correctional personnel may be polygraphed in
             Maryland: Opinions of the Attorney General. Polygraph, 5, 156-162.
             Rec#: 917
             Keywords: law-Maryland/applications-correctional personnel.
1841. Burch, N. Anonymous. USAF School of Aerospace Medicine Aerospace Medical
             Division (AFSC). (1963 Nov). 63-74,
             Rec#: 9739
             Keywords: GSR.
             Notes: Task No. 775102, prepare under contract # 41 (609)-1527 by Baylor
             University College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

1842. Burch, N.R. Anonymous. Office of Naval Research . (1969 Oct 17). Final report,
             (NTIS No. AD-695 432) accession DN723721,
             Rec#: 918
             Keywords: test data analysis- computerized.

1843. Burdick, A. H. Preliminary report on the effects of biofeedback training on polygraph
             examination results. 77.
             Rec#: 921
             Keywords: research-biofeedback/countermeasures-biofeedback.
             Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Polygraph
             Association.

1844. Burdick, A.H. (1973). Use of an interpreter during a polygraph examination.
             Polygraph, 2, 305-308.
             Rec#: 920
             Keywords: interpreters/interrogation-interpreters.

1845. Burdick, J.A., Steward, D.Y., & Adamson, J.D. (1974). Cardiac activity and verbal
             report of homosexuals and heterosexuals. Journal of Psychosomatic Research,
             18, 377-385.
             Rec#: 922
             Keywords: personality variables-homosexuals/personality
             variables-heterosexuals/heart rate/subjects-homosexuals/personality
             variables-extraversion/habituation/neuroticism.

1846. Burgoon, J.K., Buller, D.B., Floyd, K., & Grandpre, J. (1996). Deceptive realities.
            Sender, receiver, and observer perspectives in deceptive conversations.
            Communication Research, 23, 724-748.
            Rec#: 7198
            Keywords: deception/interpersonal interaction.
            Abstract: Deceptive interpersonal interactions are an ideal venue in which to
            examine the issue of reality. Interpersonal deception theory offers a framework
            for considering why deceivers (by convention called senders), coparticipants (i.e.,
            targeted receivers), and observers arrive at discordant views of reality. Deceivers'
            ulterior motives lead them to construct through communication aversion of reality
            contrary to what they hold to be true. Due to adherence to Gricean principles of
            cooperative discourse, conversational demands, and the nature of the relationship
            between participants, interlocutors as well as nonparticipative observers may be
            inclined to accept the alter reality created by senders rather than apprehend the
            "true" state of affairs. Recent research findings are reviewed, and original data
              from a pilot investigation of deception strategies are presented to illustrate ways
              in which senders may perpetrate deception and the extent to which receivers and
              observers recognize such machinations.

1847. Burgoon, J.K., Buller, D.B., Hale, J.L., & deTurck, M.A. (1984). Relational messages
            associated with nonverbal behaviors. Human Communication Research, 10,
            351-378.
            Rec#: 9138
            Keywords: nonverbal cues.

1848. Burgoon, J.K., Buller, D.B., White, C.H., Afifi, W., & Buslig, A.L.S. (1999). The role
            of conversational involvement in deceptive interpersonal interactions.
            Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25, 669-685.
            Rec#: 4575
            Keywords: dishonesty/interpersonal communication.
            Abstract: Interpersonal Deception Theory (IDT) postulates that interactive
            deception differs from noninteractive deception due to combined influences of
            deceiver goals and social skills, mutual influence processes between sender and
            receiver, feedback, and interaction dynamics. An experiment with 122 adults
            tested hypotheses that (a) interactive deception displays differ from truthful ones
            only at the outset of interaction and approximate truthful displays over time, (b)
            displays are moderated by deceiver social skills, (c) deceivers adapt to receiver
            communication with reciprocal or compensatory displays, (d) low involvement by
            receivers conveys negative feedback that instigates more behavioral adjustments
            by deceivers than does high involvement, and (e) receivers' postinteraction
            judgments of deceivers are directly related to deceiver behavioral displays. An
            experiment in which senders alternated between telling the truth and deceiving,
            and partners varied their own level of involvement, produced supportive results
            that have implications for the stability of, and causal mechanisms underlying,
            deception displays and interpersonal communication.

1849. Burgoon, J.K., & Koper, R.J. (1984). Nonverbal and relational communication
            associated with reticence. Human Communication Research, 10, 601-626.
            Rec#: 9139
            Keywords: nonverbal behavior.

1850. Burhl, James T. Polygraph program. 79.
              Rec#: 3395
              Keywords: training/standardization/polygraph-profession.

1851. Burke, Marita Anne. The polygraph. 66.
             Rec#: 9740
             Keywords: Qualifications.

1852. Burkey, L.M. (1965). The case against the polygraph. American Bar Association
            Journal, 51, 855-857.
            Rec#: 930
              Keywords: criticism-labor.

1853. Burkey, L.M. (1963). Lie detectors in industrial relations. Continuing Legal
            Education, 1, 107-118.
            Rec#: 928
            Keywords: screening-commercial-labor/law-arbitration-Illinois/law-labor.

1854. Burkey, L.M. (1964). Lie detectors in labor relations. Arbitration Journal, 19, 193
            Rec#: 929
            Keywords: screening-commercial/labor relations.

1855. Burkey, L.M. (1972). The polygraph: A justified tool? The People's Forum, -
            Rec#: 932
            Keywords: criticism-law-labor/law-labor.
            Notes: (AFL-CIO Maritime Trades Department, Transportation Institute).
            Reprinted in APA Newsletter, 6(3), 18-28.

1856. Burkey, L.M. (1967). Privacy, property and the polygraph. Labor Law Journal, 18,
            79-89.
            Rec#: 931
            Keywords:
            screening-commercial/examiners-competence/ethics-examiners/privacy
            rights/history.

1857. Burkhardt, R. (1964). How to lie successfully to the lie detector. New Republic, 150,
            6-7, May.
            Rec#: 933
            Keywords: countermeasures/criticism-inaccurate/applications-federal/law.

1858. Burns, J.A., Jr. (1991). Employer/employee rights. Employee Relations Law Journal,
             16, 411-417.
             Rec#: 937
             Keywords: law-EPPA.

1859. Burns, J.A., & Kintz, B.L. (1976). Eye contact while lying during an interview.
             Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 7, 87-89.
             Rec#: 938
             Keywords: eye contact/nonverbal detection of deception/interrogation-nonverbal
             behavior/gender.

1860. Burns, R.E. N. Ansley. (1975). Why is the polygraph discriminated against by courts?
             Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
             Rec#: 939
             Keywords: admissibility.

1861. Burpo John H. (1972). The policeman's bill of rights. Police Chief, 39, 18-19,
             22-23, 26.
             Rec#: 7249
              Keywords: applications-police/interrogation/admissibility/criminal
              investigations/constitutional rights.
              Abstract: The investigation of police officer violations of departmental
              regulations, called an "internal investigation," is a concept of recent origin. Since
              1967, considerable dispute has arisen between police officers and administrators
              concerning the legal and administrative powers that police chiefs should possess
              to deal effectively with internal investigation problems. The focal point of the
              internal investigation controversy has been the interrogation, an important tool for
              the police administrator to obtain information from an officer suspected of
              committing a violation of departmental regulations. As a result, many police
              employee organizations throughout the country have made determined efforts to
              expand the rights of officers during internal investigations. The feeling of these
              employee organizations is that policemen should not be treated as second-class
              citizens and should be afforded the same rights as other citizens who are charged
              with wrongdoing under the criminal law. The effort of police employee
              organizations has been geared toward providing officers with optimum
              protections during internal investigation interrogations. Police organizations have
              attempted to achieve this goal by having these protections written into contracts or
              implemented administrati- vely. The policeman's bill of rights is analyzed and
              explained. Areas covered are time of interrogation, identification of investigating
              officers, information about the investigation, length of interrogation, use of
              coercion, presence of counsel, recording of interrogation, criminal rights warning,
              furnishing copy of interrogation, refusal to answer questions, and refusal to
              answer questions utilizing the polygraph.

1862. Burtt, H.E. D.H. Fryer & E.R. Henry. (1950). Examination of offenders.         New York:
              Rinehart. - p.
              Rec#: 946
              Keywords: techniques/historical interest/deception detection.

1863. Burtt, H.E. (1921). Further technique for inspiration/expiration ratios. Journal of
              Experimental Psychology, 4, 106-111.
              Rec#: 942
              Keywords: historical interest/pneumo.

1864. Burtt, H.E. (1921). The inspiration/expiration ratio during truth and falsehood. Journal
              of Experimental Psychology, 4, 1-23.
              Rec#: 943
              Keywords: historical interest/respiration/pneumo/blood pressure/test data
              analysis.

1865. Burtt, H.E. (1936). Motor concomitants of the association reaction. Journal of
              Experimental Psychology, 19, 51-63.
              Rec#: 945
              Keywords: historical interest/movement-body/EMG/word
              association/research-word association/research-motor movement.
1866. Burtt, H.E. (1918). A pneumograph for inspiration-expiration ratios. Psychological
              Bulletin, 15, 325-328.
              Rec#: 941
              Keywords: historical interest/pneumo/test data
              analysis-pneumo/research-respiration.

1867. Burtt, H.E. Anonymous. (1957). Psychology in crime detection: The polygraph in
              expert hand, (Chapter 11). New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc. 266-299 p.
              Rec#: 6598
              Keywords: applications-witnesses/False statements/polygraph-general/techniques.

1868. Butler, R. (1989). Child molestation examinations. Veracity, 3-5.
              Rec#: 953
              Keywords: applications-child sexual abuse/control questions-child sexual abuse.

1869. Byers, Owen W. Abnormal psychology and the law enforcement polygraph. 64.
             Rec#: 955
             Keywords: subjects-psychotic/subjects-neurotic.
             Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Academy of
             Polygraph Examiners.

1870. Byers, Owen W. The importance of pre-test interrogation. 62.
             Rec#: 954
             Keywords: pretest interview.
             Notes: Paper presented at the annual seminar of the American Academy of
             Polygraph Examiners.

1871. Byrne, W. (1971). Some functional aspects of the polygraph. Law and Order, 24-27,
             44, 75.
             Rec#: 956
             Keywords: cases-criminal/Cedar Rapids Police Department.

1872. C. H. Stoelting Co. (nd). The senses.
             Rec#: 957
             Keywords: physiology.
             Notes: Technical Bulletin, 4 p.

1873. C. H. Stoelting Company. Electrodermal response and self centering . nd.
             Rec#: 1573
             Keywords: electrodermal/instruments-electrodermal-self centering.

1874. Cabot, R.E. (1977). Validity of the polygraph. Law and Order, 25, 52-53.
             Rec#: 960
             Keywords: validity.

1875. Cacioppo, J.T., Tassinary, L.G., & Berntson, G.G. Anonymous. (2000). Handbook of
            psychophysiology . 2nd. ed,
            Rec#: 7662
              Keywords: psychophysiology.
              Abstract: (from the jacket) This expanded 2nd edition of the Handbook of
              Psychophysiology provides both a context for and coverage of the biological
              bases of cognition, emotion, and behavior. Psychophysiological methods,
              paradigms, and theories offer entry to a biological cosmos that does not stop at
              skin's edge, and this reference is designed as a road map for every explorer of this
              cosmos. The revised 2nd edition is a reference for students, researchers, and
              professionals in psychophysiology, psychology, psychiatry, neuroscience, and
              related biological and behavioral sciences.

1876. Cahill, W. (1950). Lie detector finds daily use testing honesty of employees. Chicago
              Journal of Commerce.,
              Rec#: 962
              Keywords: screening-commercial.

1877. J. Cail-Sirota & H.R. Lieberman. A database of research on drugs which could
              influence the outcome of PDD examination. 1995; Ft. Mcclellan, AL: DoD
              Polygraph Institute. ()
              Rec#: 9979
              Keywords: bibliographies/drugs/drugs-state dependant
              memory/countermeasures-drugs.
              Notes: FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY, Report # DoDPI95-R-0005, DTIC AD
              Number B211213.

1878. Call, B.J. (1986). Polygraph regulations: A trend toward tougher standards. Employee
              Relations Law Journal, 11, 585-603.
              Rec#: 969
              Keywords:
              EEOC/law-suits-employees/regulations/law-state/screening-commercial-law/law-l
              abor-NLRB.

1879. Calvin, A.D., & Hanley, C. (1957). An investigation of dissimulation on the MMPI by
             means of the "lie detector.". Journal of Applied Psychology, 41, 312-316.
             Rec#: 4179
             Keywords: MMPI/keeler polygraph/historical interest .
             Abstract: "The MMPI was administered in group form to approximately 300
             undergraduate students. From this group 13 were selected who showed evidence
             of dissimulation. Nine appeared to be "faking good" and four "faking bad." These
             13 Ss were each carefully matched with control Ss who had similar raw-score
             MMPI profiles with no evidence of dissimulation. All Ss were again given the
             MMPI while being tested by a Keeler Polygraph. The findings tended to support
             the value of the validating scales, although many specific hypotheses were not
             verified in a statistically significant manner. Implications of these findings were
             discussed." .

1880. Camara, W.J., & Schneider, D.L. (1994). Integrity tests. American Psychologist, 49,
            112-119.
              Rec#: 5946
              Keywords: integrity tests/Honesty testing/paper and pencil tests/psychological
              testing.

1881. Cameron, J.M. (1977). Editorial. Medicine, Science and the Law, 17, 153-154.
            Rec#: 972
            Keywords: courtroom testimony.
            Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 6, 296.

1882. Campbell, D.L. (1959). Admissibility of lie detector evidence. Tulane Law Review,
           33, 880-884.
           Rec#: 973
           Keywords: admissibility-California.

1883. Campbell, D.P. (1982). A tremor in the blood. Issues & Observations, 2,
           Rec#: 9741
           Keywords: applications/techniques/irrelevants/GKT/Lykken, David T.

1884. Campisi, S. (1997). Build a lie detector. Popular Electronics, 14 , 31
            Rec#: 7438
            Keywords: GSR/skin resistance/instruments.
            Abstract: Introduces the assembly of a skin resistant lie detector or the polygraph.
            Basic information on galvanic skin response (GSR); Circuit description of the lie
            detector; Construction of the lie detector; The use of quality electrodes for
            measurement in the polygraph; Things to be observed before using the assembled
            lie detector; Alterations that can be made if more current is required to operate the
            polygraph. INSET: Parts list for the lie detector.

1885. Canadian Police College. Polygraph examination student manual. 85.
            Rec#: 990
            Keywords: pretest
            interview/techniques-Canada/Canada/law-waivers-Canada/question
            formulation-relevant-Canada/question formulation-irrelevant questions/question
            formulation-symptomatic-Canada/question formulation-truth
            questions-Canada/control question tests-Canada/forms-Canada/question
            formulation-control questions/stimulation tests/Canada.
            Notes: Presented at the 15th annual national Workshop on Practical Polygraph
            Procedures, Delta College, MI by Charles C. Koppang.

1886. Canadian Police College. Legal aspects regarding the use of the polygraph in Canada.
            nd.
            Rec#: 6284
            Keywords: Canada/legal issues.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1887. Canadian Police College Notices: Polygraph Examiner's Course. (1982). Canadian
            Police College Bulletin, 154-155.
              Rec#: 989
              Keywords: training-police-Canada/training-Canada/Canada.

1888. Candilis, P.J. (1998). Ethics, malingering, and a lie-detector at the bedside. Journal of
             Forensic Sciences, 43, 609-612.
             Rec#: 5952
             Keywords: ethics/malingering/forensic psychiatry/deception/electrocardiography.
             Abstract: A psychiatric consultation is presented in which the physician uses a
             cardiac monitor in the manner of a lie-detector. Ethical analysis of a clinician's
             duties in cases of suspected malingering addresses both the standard of informed
             consent necessary for such assessments and the potential forensic consequences of
             unanticipated clinical findings.

1889. Canham, J.J. (1993). Military rule of evidence 707: A bright-line rule that needs to be
            dimmed. Military Law Review, 140, 65-111.
            Rec#: 477
            Keywords: evidence/admissibility-Military Rules of
            Evidence/witnesses/psychological testing/control question tests/physiological
            responses.

1890. Canter, D. (1992). An evaluation of the "cusum" stylistic analysis of confessions.
             Expert Evidence, 93-99.
             Rec#: 6490
             Keywords: confessions.
             Notes: Reprinted in David V. Canter, Criminal Detection and the Psychology of
             Crime (p. 209-215), Brookfield, Vermont, Dartmouth Publishing Company
             Limited.

1891. Cantrell, Alton. The effect of drugs on polygraph examinations. 88.
             Rec#: 994
             Keywords: drugs/subjects-drugs/countermeasures.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript, Argenbright International Institute of Polygraph,
             College Park, Georgia.

1892. Anonymous. ed. Chicago, IL: Keeler Polygraph Institute.
           Rec#: 995
           Keywords: subjects-sexual deviants.
           Notes: Keeler Polygrah Institute second annual seminar,Chicago, Illinois.

1893. Canty, H.L. (1971). Court decision. APA Newsletter, 5, 6-7.
             Rec#: 996
             Keywords: admissibility/Alaska.

1894. Canty, H.L. (1972). Elevated elbow technique. Polygraph, 1, 87-90.
             Rec#: 997
             Keywords: cardio/instruments-cardio.

1895. Anonymous. Testimony of Henry L. Canty.         ed.   Washington, DC: GPO.
              Rec#: 998
              Keywords:
              legislation-federal-counterintelligence/screening-federal-counterintelligence.

1896. Canty, H.S. (1990). Judicial systems support polygraph expert testimony. The National
             Sheriff, 42, 23-24.
             Rec#: 6279
             Keywords: courtroom testimony/courtroom testimony.

1897. Capatosto, Pamela F. The polygraph and its court implications. 76.
            Rec#: 6294
            Keywords: admissibility.
            Abstract: Psychology 307, Detection of deception, Dr. David Raskin.

1898. Issues surrounding the use of polygraph. (2001). Senate Committee on the Judiciary.
              Rec#: 7685
              Keywords: counterintelligence/espionage/criminal investigations/Hanssen,
              Robert.

1899. Capps, M.H. (1991). Accuracy of individual parameters in field polygraph studies.
             Polygraph, 20, 65-69.
             Rec#: 1001
             Keywords: test data
             analysis/research-validity/research-electrodermal/research-cardio/research-pneum
             o.

1900. Capps, M.H. (1989). Can we still pick out the bad apples? Security Management, 126,
             128.
             Rec#: 1000
             Keywords: screening-commercial/EPPA/paper and pencil tests.

1901. Capps, M.H. (1993 Jun). The contribution of physiological parameters and criterion
             frequency in polygraph evaluations. University of Baltimore;
             Rec#: 6601
             Keywords: physiological measures.
             Notes: Unpublished master's thesis.

1902. Capps, M.H. (1991). Predictive value of the sacrifice relevant. Polygraph, 20, 1-6.
             Rec#: 1002
             Keywords: sacrifice relevant question/predictive value/test data analysis.

1903. Capps, M.H., & Ansley, N. (1992). Analysis of federal polygraph charts by spot and
             chart total. Polygraph, 21, 110-131.
             Rec#: 1003
             Keywords: test data analysis/decision criteria/spot scoring/chart control.

1904. Capps, M.H., & Ansley, N. (1992). Analysis of private industry polygraph charts by
             spot and chart control. Polygraph, 21, 132-142.
              Rec#: 1004
              Keywords: test data analysis/decision criteria/spot scoring/chart control.

1905. Capps, M.H., & Ansley, N. (1992). Anomalies: The contributions of the cardio,
             pneumo, and electrodermal measures towards a valid conclusion. Polygraph,
             21, 321-340.
             Rec#: 1005
             Keywords: cardio/pneumo/electrodermal.

1906. Capps, M.H., & Ansley, N. (1992). Comparison of two scoring scales. Polygraph,
             21, 39-43.
             Rec#: 1006
             Keywords: 7-position scale/3-position scale/scoring cut-offs/decision criteria.

1907. Capps, M.H., & Ansley, N. (1992). Numerical scoring of polygraph charts: What
             examiners really do. Polygraph, 21, 264-320.
             Rec#: 999
             Keywords: test data analysis/reaction criteria/numerical scoring/physiological
             measures.

1908. Capps, M.H., & Ansley, N. (1992). Strong control versus weak control. Polygraph,
             21, 341-348.
             Rec#: 1007
             Keywords: control questions/test data analysis.
             Abstract: RQs should be compared against the stronger, not weaker CQ; cutoffs
             for the inconclusive area should be determined by policy considerations.

1909. Capps, M.H., Knill, B.L., & Evans, R.K. (1993). Effectiveness of the symptomatic
             questions. Polygraph, 22, 285-298.
             Rec#: 1008
             Keywords: questions-symptomatic/Backster Symptomatic
             questions/POLYSCORE.
             Abstract: Use of symptomatic questions reduced inconclusives by 2/3rds.
             Polyscore had more DI calls, fewer NDI & Incl calls than original examiner on
             unverified field cases.

1910. Capps, M.H., Knill, B.L., Evans, R.K., & Johnson, G.J. (1995). Cognitive Arousal As A
             Means Of Evaluation. Polygraph , 24, 1-5.
             Rec#: 9246
             Keywords: cognitive processes.

1911. Caputo, Rudolph R. The breaking point. 62.
            Rec#: 1012
            Keywords: interrogation.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1912. Caputo, Rudolph R. The confession. 63.
            Rec#: 1016
              Keywords: confessions/interrogation.
              Notes: Paper presented at the Tenth Annual Meeting of the American Academy of
              Polygraph Examiners, Chicago, Illinois, September 1963.

1913. Caputo, R.R. (1965). The confession. Police, 9, 85-86.
            Rec#: 1017
            Keywords: interrogation.

1914. Caputo, R.R. (1963). The danger of the "interrogation as though guilty" practice. Law
            and Order, 11, 49-50.
            Rec#: 1014
            Keywords: interrogation-examiner's attitude/interrogation.

1915. Caputo, Rudolph R. In defense of the lie detector examiner. 61.
            Rec#: 1011
            Keywords: examiners-defense of/examiners-general/American Academy of
            Polygraph Examiners.
            Notes: Paper presented at the 8th annual meeting of the American Academy of
            Polygraph Examiners, Washington, DC.

1916. Caputo, Rudolph R. Lie detection, a full grown profession. 62.
            Rec#: 1013
            Keywords: examiners-professionalism/American Academy of Polygraph
            Examiners.
            Notes: Paper presented at the 9th annual meeting of the American Academy of
            Polygraph Examiners.

1917. Caputo, Rudolph R. Lie detector is growing in public acceptance. nd.
            Rec#: 1010
            Keywords: public relations.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1918. Caputo, R.R. (1963). The question of inconclusives. Law and Order, 11, 55-56.
            Rec#: 1015
            Keywords: test data analysis-inconclusive.

1919. Caputo, Rudolph R. and Kaufman, Victor C. The polygraph examiner - Scientist or
            detective? 64.
            Rec#: 1018
            Keywords: examiners-general.
            Notes: Paper presented at the 11th annual meeting of the American Academy of
            Polygraph Examiners.

1920. Carey, W.D., Hornig, D.F., Horwitz, S., Vinson, F.M., White, L., & Macy, J.W. The
             President of United States. (Jul 29 1966).
             Rec#: 6799
             Keywords: validity/employee screening/cases-criminal.
             Notes: see also P 786.
              Abstract: A report to the president from an inter-agency committee consisting of
              Civil Service Commission, DoD, Bureau of the Budget, Office of Science and
              Technology, DOJ, and CIA on the use of polygraph in the Executive Branch.

1921. Cargill, R.V. (1988). United States v. Gipson: A leap forward or impetus for a step
              backward? The Army Lawyer, DA Pamphlet 27-50-191 at 27.
              Rec#: 1020
              Keywords: admissibility-military/cases-drugs/law-federal rules of
              evidence/criticism-law-military.
              Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph (1989), 18(1), 33-41.

1922. Carlisle, N. (1972). Do lie detectors lie? Science and Mechanics, 70-71, 81.
              Rec#: 1022
              Keywords: criticism-validity.

1923. Carlson, S.C., Pansano, M.S., & Jannuzzo, J.A. (1977). The effect of lie detector
             evidence on jury deliberations: An empirical study. Journal of Police Science
             and Administration, 5, 148-154.
             Rec#: 1024
             Keywords: admissibility/courtroom testimony/juries.

1924. Carlton, Barbara. Systolic time intervals (STIs): Cardiovascular research. 91.
             Rec#: 7138
             Keywords: systolic time intervals/EKG/CPC/physiological measures.

1925. Carlton, Barbara L. Polygraph examiners attitudes on cross-cultural differences in the Far
             East. 90.
             Rec#: 1025
             Keywords: examiners attitudes/cross-cultural differences.
             Notes: Department of Defense Polygraph Institute, Fort McCLellan, Alabama.

1926. Carlton, Barbara L., Richardson, Drew C., Kenney, Richard A., and Barland, Gordon H.
             The development of a new systolic time interval: RWPCI. nd.
             Rec#: 1026
             Keywords: Systolic time interval/STI/Cardio/RWPCI/R wave pulse carotid
             incisura.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1927. Carlton, B.L., & Smith, B.J. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute.
             (1991 Jan). DoDPI91-R-0002,
             Rec#: 9247
             Keywords: stimulus mode/questions-aural presentation/questions-visual
             presentation/techniques-guilty knowledge test.
             Notes: DTIC AD Number A304657.
             Abstract: The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between
             accuracy of a detection of deception task and the stimulus mode of the question
             presentation. That is, will the presentation of questions on a computer screen
              change the accuracy rate when compared to exams conducted, more traditionally,
              in a verbal mode? Eighty subjects were assigned to either a guilty or innocent
              condition. Guilty subjects were shown a video of a mock crime scenario, while
              innocent subjects viewed a clip from a training video. Half of the innocent and
              half of the guilty groups were given the exams aurally using a tape recorder, and
              the other half were shown the questions on a computer terminal. Subjects were
              then given a guilty knowledge test by the experimenter using a Coulbourn
              polygraph. Overall accuracy of the decisions of the original examiner was 78%,
              74% for the blind examiner, and 76% for the Lykken system. Accuracy rates for
              subjects in the visual condition were 83% for the original examiner,78% for the
              blind evaluator, and 70% for the Lykken system. The decisions for the aural
              condition were 73% accurate for the blind examiner, 70% accurate for the blind
              evaluator, and 83% accurate for Lykken scoring system. There was no
              significant association between an accurate decision and the stimulus mode
              condition for the original examiner, the blind evaluator, or the Lykken scoring
              decision.

1928. Carlyle-Gordge, P. (1979). Truth shall not be free: Proposal to outlaw use of polygraph
             and voice stress analysis in job interviews. Macleans, 92, 27
              Rec#: 1028
             Keywords: legislation-federal/voice stress
             analysis/screening-commercial-preemployment.

1929. Carol, R.L. (1956). Science in the courts: A survey of scientific evidence and its
             impact upon the judicial process. Dissertation Abstracts International, 16:
             (10). 1934
             Rec#: 7822
             Keywords: evidence/judicial discretion/polygraph.
             Notes: 187 p.
             Abstract: The author includes a discussion of the possible threat to procedural
             safeguards posed by the various scientific evidence-gathering devices.

1930. Carr, J.A. (1997). The admissibility of polygraph evidence in court martial proceedings:
              Does the Constitution mandate the gatekeeper? Air Force Law Review, 43,
              1-94.
              Rec#: 7387
              Keywords: admissibility-courts
              martial/admissibility-military/evidence-scientific/applications-investigations.
              Notes: DTIC AD Number A360055.
              Abstract: Presents information about the polygraph test used by the US
              Department of Defense as investigative tool. Admissibility of polygraph
              testimony as scientific evidence; The sixth amendment and the polygraph;
              Polygraph and the military court-martial.

1931. Carroll, D. (1985). The accuracy of polygraph lie detection . Bulletin of the British
              Psychological Society, 38, A56
              Rec#: 1035
              Keywords: Great Britain/validity.
              Notes: [abstract].

1932. Carroll, D. A. Gale. (1988). How accurate is polygraph lie detection?     London: Sage
              Publications, Inc. 19-28 p.
              Rec#: 1036
              Keywords: Great Britain/criticism-Great Britain.

1933. Carroll, D. Anonymous. (1984). Testimony before the House of Commons Employment
              Committee, 1983-84 Session. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.
              55-139 p.
              Rec#: 1037
              Keywords: techniques-compared/validity/screening-commercial/Great
              Britain/screening-national security/ethics/examiners-training.

1934. Carroll, D., Turner, J.R., & Hellawell, J.C. (1986). Heart rate and oxygen consumption
              during active psychological challange: the effects of level of difficulty.
              Psychophysiology, 23, 174-181.
              Rec#: 6617
              Keywords: heart rate/respiration.

1935. Carroll, J.G. (1981). Still more on PSE [Letter to the editor]. Security Management,
              22-24.
              Rec#: 1038
              Keywords: PSE/psychological stress evaluator/voice stress analysis.

1936. Carson, T.L. (1988). On the definition of lying: A reply to Jones and revisions.
             Journal of Business Ethics, 7, 509-514.
             Rec#: 1039
             Keywords: lying-definition.

1937. Carver, Robert F. Lie detection is an exacting science. 63.
             Rec#: 1041
             Keywords: polygraph-general.
             Notes: Paper prepared for the 71st Session of the FBI National Academy.

1938. Casady, M. (1975). Formula for fibbing. Psychology Today, 8, 59
            Rec#: 1042
            Keywords: techniques-R&I/false positive/theory.

1939. Cassata, D.M. (1978). Nonverbal behavior and law enforcement: The hidden clues.
             Journal of Police Science and Administration, 6, 10-17.
             Rec#: 1050
             Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/cross-cultural differences.

1940. Castelaz, P.F., & Angus, J.E. (1994). Deception classification via nonconventional
             processing techniques. Psychophysiology, 31, S12
             Rec#: 1054
              Keywords: Classification.
              Notes: [abstract].

1941. Cavoukian, A., & Heslegrave, R.J. (1980). The admissibility of polygraph evidence in
            court: Some empirical findings. Law and Human Behavior, 4, 117-131.
            Rec#: 1060
            Keywords: courtroom
            testimony-Canada/research-law/admissibility-Canada/Canada.
            Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 10(1), 20-36.

1942. Anonymous. Chris Gugas vs. Ann McLaughlin. ed.
           Rec#: 6940
           Keywords: polygraph general/licensing-California.

1943. Central Intelligence Agency. (1976). Letter to Bella S. Abzug. APA Newsletter, 3-5.
             Rec#: 1061
             Keywords:
             screening-CIA/legislation-federal/reliability-general/applications-counterintellige
             nce/Central Intelligence Agency.

1944. Cerio, G., & Howard Lucy. (1994). Lies on lies? Newsweek, 124, 6
             Rec#: 7004
             Keywords: interrogation-admissibility.

1945. Cestaro, V.L. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1995 Aug).
             DoDPI95-R-0002,
             Rec#: 9187
             Keywords: voice stress analysis/CVSA/validity/micro-tremor/PSE/interrater
             reliability.
             Notes: DTIC AD Number A300334, reprinted in Polygraph 25(2)117-127.
             Abstract: This two-experiment study was designed to (1) validate the underlying
             electronic theory of operation of the Computer Voice Stress Analyzer (CVSA),
             and (2) examine the decision accuracy and agreement rates using the traditional
             polygraph instrument and the CVSA. The CVSA input/output was evaluated
             using simulation signals from lab test generators. Forty-two subjects took
             psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD) examinations with the
             polygraph and CVSA instruments, within the context of Peak of Tension (POT)
             tests using numbers between 3 and 8. Half of the subjects were tested with the
             polygraph instrument, then the CVSA instrument. The remaining half were
             tested using the instruments in the opposite order. PDD and CVSA based POT
             tests were blind-evaluated by four examiners for each instrument. The
             frequencies of accurate determinations made using each instrument were
             compared using proportionality tests. The lab simulations established that the
             CVSA performs electrically according to the manufacturer's theory of operation.
             The CVSA and associated processes were less accurate than the polygraph and
             PDD processes tested in similar circumstances (38.7% vs. 62.5%). Interrater
             reliability, assessed using a multiple rater Kappa test, showed agreement among
              all blind evaluators within each instrument category was significantly better than
              chance (p < .05). These data indicate there may be a systematic and predictable
              relationship between voice patterns and stress related to deception.

1946. Cestaro, V.L. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1996 Aug).
             DoDPI95-R-0004,
             Rec#: 9959
             Keywords: CVSA/PDD/DLC/directed lie /interrater agreement/jeopardy.
             Notes: DTIC AD Number A318985.

1947. Cestaro, V.L. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1993 Aug).
             DoDPI93-R-0005,
             Rec#: 9443
             Keywords: conditioning-classical/countermeasures/subliminal perception.
             Notes: DTIC AD Number A279806.
             Abstract: Traditionally, classical conditioning paradigms have focused on
             reflexive responses to stimuli that are readily identified. In this research, the
             probability and magnitude of electrodermal responses elicited by stimuli below
             awareness levels (subliminal) were investigated. Thirty male college students
             were randomly assigned to either a supraliminal or subliminal treatment group (15
             per group). During conditioning employing a partial reinforcement schedule, one
             of three geometric shapes presented at awareness level (supraliminal) was paired
             with a 1 to 4 milliampere electrical shock of 250 milliseconds duration. After
             conditioning had occurred, subjects electrodermal responses to sub- and
             supraliminally presented stimuli (the geometric shapes) were measured.
             Backward masking was used to reduce the probability of accurate stimulus
             recognition during the subliminal treatment condition. Data analysis showed that
             subjects in both conditions responded more frequently to target stimuli (CS+) than
             to stimuli which had not been previously paired with shock (CS-). While
             subliminally presented stimulus recognition accuracy did not differ significantly
             from chance level, the frequency and magnitude of subliminal treatment group
             responses to both the CS+ and CS- were greater than those of the supraliminal
             group. These results suggest that subliminally presented visual stimuli can elicit
             differential autonomic nervous system responding to CS+ and CS-.

1948. Cestaro, V.L. (1998). Instrumentation for presenting a known standard signal to the
             electrodermal activity channel for assessing response characteristics. Polygraph,
             27, 188-209.
             Rec#: 6931
             Keywords: electrodermal activity/instrumentation.

1949. Cestaro, V.L. Anonymous. DoD Polygraph Institute. (1997 May). DODPI96-R-0004,
             Rec#: 6994
             Keywords: computerized polygraph/GSR/linearity/response/standardized
             signal/simulation/skin resistance/PDD.
             Notes: DTIC AD Number A330186.
1950. Cestaro, V.L. (1996). A test of the computer voice stress analyzer (CVSA) theory of
             operation. Polygraph , 25, 101-116.
             Rec#: 6234
             Keywords: voice stress analysis /CVSA.

1951. Cestaro, V.L., & Dollins, A.B. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph
             Institute. (1994 Jun). DoDPI94-R-0001,
             Rec#: 9174
             Keywords: voice stress analysis/spectrum
             analysis/vagal/parasympathetic/fundamental frequency.
             Notes: DTIC AD Number A298417               (Replaced #6008, same title).
             Abstract: This study was designed to examine the feasibility of using audio pitch
             analysis and spectrum decomposition techniques to aid in the detection of
             deception following a numbers test. Useable audio recordings from 28 of 44
             male subjects' responses during a Peak of Tension (POT) test were made while a
             Lafayette field polygraph was used to collect respiration, cardiovascular, and
             electrodermal responses for manual evaluation. Half of the examinees were
             programmed "deceptive" and half were programmed "truthful". Off-line analysis
             using pitch and spectral analysis software to examine truthful and deceptive "no"
             responses disclosed no significant differences between the two groups on
             individual measures of pitch variation, response duration, or mean response
             energy. A significant concurrence rate (p < .01) was seen between decisions
             made by pitch/energy analysis and the examiner's decisions based on analysis of
             the test data. Significant differences were found between the number of correct
             decisions made by the examiner (79%) and by pitch/energy analysis (37%). No
             significant differences were seen between the number of false positive decisions
             made by the examiner and by pitch/energy analysis (35% versus 29%).

1952. Cestaro, V.L., & Dollins, A.B. (1996). An analysis of voice responses for the detection
             of deception. Polygraph, 25, 15-34.
             Rec#: 6008
             Keywords: voice stress analysis/spectrum
             analysis/vagal/parasympathetic/fundamental frequency.

1953. Cestaro, V.L., & Dollins, A.B. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph
             Institute. (1994 Jul). DoDPI94-R-0002,
             Rec#: 9172
             Keywords: cardiovascular/occlusive arm cuff/finger cuff/blood volume.
             Notes: DTIC AD Number A298599. Reprinted in Polygraph, 26, (2), 69-78.
             Abstract: This study was designed to investigate the correlation between
             cardiovascular signals measured during a psychophysiological detection of
             deception (PDD) examination using the occlusive arm and finger cuffs. Twenty
             subjects completed a number search task and participated in a PDD examination
             where the questions addressed the number circled during the number search task.
             Half of the subjects circled numbers within the range of the PDD questions and
             half circled numbers outside of the range. Dependent measures included the
             time-locked amplitudes of electrophysiologic signals measured from the occlusive
              arm and finger cuffs. The degree of correlation between these measures was
              assessed. The Pearson correlations between the right finger cuff and the left arm
              cuff were 0.90 or higher for 379 of 529 (72%) data pairs. The correlations
              between the left finger cuff and the left arm cuff were equal to or greater than
              0.90 for 219 of 523 (42%) data pairs. These results, and practical considerations,
              suggest that the occlusive finger cuff tests (Lafayette Model 7620) is not a viable
              alternative to the traditional arm cuff. A finger cuff may, however, be more
              sensitive to peripheral blood volume changes than the arm cuff and a less
              problematic design should be investigated.

1954. Chaffe, Z., Jr. (1921). The progress of the law, 1919-1921, Evidence. Harvard Law
             Review, 35, 302-317.
             Rec#: 1063
             Keywords: evidence.

1955. Chagoya, L., & Schkolne, T. (1986). Children who lie: A review of the literature.
            Canadian Journal of Psychiatry , 31, 665-669.
            Rec#: 5020
            Keywords: lying-children/morality/morality.
            Notes: French abstract included.
            Abstract: Reviews 18 yrs of literature on the causes and management of lying in
            children. It is suggested that developmental, psychoanalytic, interactional, and
            sociological frames of reference have been applied in different papers to
            understand this phenomenon of childhood and adolescence. In recent years,
            some experimental studies confirm developmental concepts, yet others suggest
            that children of the 1980's are changing in their moral development. The scarcity
            of references on the management of lying as a symptom is noted.

1956. Chamberlain, Robert and Findlay, Doug. The irrelevant question eight. 86.
           Rec#: 6296
           Keywords: irrelevants.
           Notes: Prepared for Polygraph Examiners Course 86-1, Canadian Police College.

1957. Chamberlin, C.S. (1985). The polygraph, while not foolproof, can serve as a useful
           adjunct tool in employee screening. Security World, 22, 22
           Rec#: 1064
           Keywords: screening-commercial.

1958. Chamberlin, C.S. (1985). Research that debates the validity of the polygraph raises a
           different set of questions. Security World, 22, 23
           Rec#: 1065
           Keywords: validity.

1959. Chambers, R.W. (1977). An argument against anti-polygraph legislation. Security
           Management, 21-24.
           Rec#: 1066
           Keywords: legislation-federal/screening-commercial.
1960. Chandler, L. (1964). The use of polygraph in private business: do you know the
            polygraph? Security World, 30-32.
            Rec#: 1067
            Keywords: polygraph-general.

1961. Chao, E.Y. (1987). Correlates of deceit: A cross-cultural examination. Dissertation
             Abstracts International, 48, 248
             Rec#: 9180
             Keywords: dissertations and theses/cross-cultural
             differences/Chinese/theory-lying.
             Notes: [abstract] (not available from University Microfilms).

1962. Chapin-Maizel, D. (1985). An innocent man: The accused who passes the polygraph.
            The Army Lawyer, 66-70.
            Rec#: 3628
            Keywords: U.S. Army-JAGC/law-military/admissibility.

1963. Chappell, M.N. (1929). Blood pressure changes in deception. Archives of Psychology,
            17, 5-39.
            Rec#: 1070
            Keywords: historical interest/blood pressure/cardio.

1964. Chappell, M.N. (1929). Blood pressure changes in deception. Columbia University;
            Rec#: 1071
            Keywords: historical interest/blood pressure/research-blood
            pressure/theory/cardio/dissertations and theses/circulatory system/control
            experiments/mental work/unemotional deception/intelligence test.

1965. Chapple, E.D. (1953). The standard experimental (stress) interview as used in
            interaction chronograph investigations. Human Organization, 12, 23-32.
            Rec#: 1074
            Keywords: research-stress interviewing/interrogation.

1966. Chapple, N.L. (1963). Interrogation in England.
            Rec#: 6458
            Keywords: interrogation-Great Britain.
            Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.

1967. Charney, J.A. (1961). The qualified polygraph examiner. American Journal of
            Corrections, 23, 6-7, 22-23.
            Rec#: 1075
            Keywords: examiners-qualifications.

1968. Chatham, R.B. (1953). The polygraphic truth test: Further developments, recent
            legislation in New York. Tennessee Law Review, 22, 916-918.
            Rec#: 1078
            Keywords: legislation-New York/applications-counterintelligence/historical
            interest-law/applications-national security/test data
              analysis-inconclusive/screening-federal-Atomic Energy Commission.

1969. Chatham, R.B. Ansley, Norman & R.J. Weir, Jr. (1956). Public employee screening.
            Washington, DC: Board of Polygraph Examiners. 86-89 p.
            Rec#: 1079
            Keywords: historical interest/screening-federal-Atomic Energy Commission, Oak
            Ridge, TN/cases-sabotage-Cuba/surveys-examiners/Atomic Energy
            Commission/ethics/training.

1970. Cheney, M.H. (1978). Validity of GSR. Law and Order, 64-65.
            Rec#: 1082
            Keywords: electrodermal-GSR/validity.

1971. Chimarys, Michael. Nonverbal indicators of deception. nd.
            Rec#: 6297
            Keywords: nonverbal cues/detection of deception.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1972. Chimarys, Michael. Polygraphing the psychopath. nd.
            Rec#: 6298
            Keywords: psychopaths.
            Notes: Prepared for Psychology 522, Jacksonville State University, AL. Printed
            in Polygraph, 16(3), 206-217.
            Abstract: Also included is information on physiological responses within the
            spectrum of autonomic arousal related to the detection of deception. The reviewed
            research reflected that the psychopath can be detected during deception as easily
            as the nonpsychopath. Overwhelming evidence was found to indicate that if
            tangible punishment conditions are used then sufficient autonomic arousal in
            psychopaths can be induced for near normal level responses for polygraph
            recording. (Author abstract).

1973. Chistolini, J.A. (1988). The admissibility of polygraph evidence in the Commonwealth
             of Massachusetts. Polygraph, 17, 106-113.
             Rec#: 1087
             Keywords: admissibility-Massachusetts.

1974. Christensen, Mark. On effects of motivation in the detection of deception. 76.
             Rec#: 6299
             Keywords: deception detection/motivation.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

1975. Christie, R. (1963). Do lie detectors lie? Popular Science, 183, 64-67, 202-204.
              Rec#: 1089
              Keywords: history/cases-robbery/cases-theft-Hesse Crown
              Jewels/cases-homicide-German POWs/cases-rape-innocent.

1976. Chu, D.S.C. General Stilwell on revision of DoD polygraph directive. (Aug 9 1983).
            Rec#: 6764
              Keywords: deception/accuracy.

1977. Churchill, M., Remington, B., & Siddle, D.A.T. (1987). The effects of context change
            on long-term habituation of the orienting response in humans. The Quarterly
            Journal of Experimental Psychology, 39B, 315-338.
            Rec#: 1092
            Keywords: habituation/orienting response.
            Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 17(1), 40.

1978. Churchill, W.S. Anonymous. The Kubis Report: An evaluation by a behavioral
            scientist. (@1974).
            Rec#: 7419
            Keywords: behavioral cues/emotion/PSE.

1979. Cimerman, A. (1981). They'll let me go tomorrow: The Fay case. Criminal Defense,
            7, 7-10.
            Rec#: 1096
            Keywords: FP error/cases-homicide-Fay, Michael.

1980. Ciofu, I. (1974). Audiospectral analysis in lie detection. Archiv fur Psychology, 126,
              170-180.
              Rec#: 1098
              Keywords: voice stress analysis/Romania/conditioning/EKG.
              Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 6, 88.

1981. Civiletti, B.R. (1979). Deputy Attorney General addresses federal examiners.
              Polygraph, 8, 97-99.
              Rec#: 1102
              Keywords: examiners-ethics.

1982. Clark, A.A.M. (1984 Aug). Employee theft and methods of deterrence.
             Rec#: 1105
             Keywords: dissertations and
             theses/applications-commercial/cases-theft/screening-commercial/background
             investigations/paper and pencil tests/graphology/surveys-retail
             stores/surveys-specialty stores.
             Notes: Doctoral dissertation, Texas Woman's University.

1983. Clark, H.H., & Schaefer, E.F. (1987). Concealing one's meaning from overhearers.
             Journal of Memory and Language, 26, 209-225.
             Rec#: 1107
             Keywords: psychology-nonverbal/interrogation/nonverbal detection of deception.

1984. Clark, J.P., John, P., & Tifft, L.L. (1966). Polygraph and interview validation of
              self-reported deviant behavior. American Sociological Review, 31, 516-523.
              Rec#: 1108
              Keywords: self-report/validity/interviewing/deviant behavior.
1985. Clark, M.W. (1996). Characteristics of juvenile sex offenders who admit versus those
             who deny their offenses. Dissertation Abstracts International, 57, 7718
             Rec#: 7386
             Keywords: sex offenders/child sexual abuse.
             Abstract: A comparison was made between juvenile sex offenders who admitted
             and those who denied their offenses. Eighty-nine male child molesters ages
             12-17 were divided into admitters and deniers based on polygraph results and
             victims' statements.

1986. Clarkson, D.B., & Martin, D. Anonymous. (1994 Jan 27).
             Rec#: 1110
             Keywords: MGQT/computerized test data analysis/decision
             tree/algorithms/validity/reliability/probability.
             Notes: Contract no. N00014-93-1-0451, DTIC AD Number A303889.
             Abstract: The report summarized the work completed during the second year of a
             two year study to examine the efficacy of using tree-based classifiers to analyze
             polygraph charts produced in a detection of deception context. Four hundred
             twenty-six (426) Modified General Question Techniques (MGQT) polygraph
             charts produced by 144 subjects were used in this phase of the study. Half of the
             charts were used to develop the tree-based classifiers, the other half were used for
             cross-validation including estimating the probabilities of misclassification for
             each of the tree classifiers tested. The lowest misclassification probability
             achieved was 13.9%. Detailed information is provided about research procedures
             employed to both capture and analyze the data.

1987. Clay, W. (1987). Lie detectors do lie. Congressional Record - Extensions of Remarks,
             E2823
             Rec#: 1111
             Keywords: legislation-federal-commercial/criticism-validity.

1988. Clede, B. (1992). A quantum leap in polygraphy. Law and Order, 40, 43
             Rec#: 9538
             Keywords: computerized polygraph.

1989. Clede, B. (1998). Technology it helps find the truth. Law and Order, 91--93
             Rec#: 7580
             Keywords: Axciton/Lafayette Instrument Company/computerized
             polygraph/algorithm development/voice stress
             analyzer/plethysmograph/deception/blood volume.

1990. Cleland, M., & Miller, W. G. Jr. (1990). Georgia polygraph examiners act. Atlanta,
             GA:
             Rec#: 1113
             Keywords: legislation-Georgia/licensing.
             Abstract: Opinions of the Attorney General, creation of board, duties,
             administrative rules and regulations, qualifications, research references, interns,
             licenses, reciprocity, rights, examinee, notification, preservation of records,
              liability, bond, research, amendment, provisions.

1991. Cleland, M., & Miller, W. G., Jr. (1990). Georgia state board of polygraph examiners
             rules. Atlanta, GA:
             Rec#: 1114
             Keywords: licensing-Georgia/examiners-compensation.
             Notes: The public may obtain information and all necessary forms from the joint
             Secretary, State Examining Boards, 166 Pryor Street, S.W., Atlanta, Georgia
             30303.
             Abstract: Internship, polygraph school, applications, procedural rules, authority
             o.c.g.a. Section 43-36-5.

1992. Clemens, T.L., & Selesnick, S.T. (1967). Psychological method for evaluating
            medication by repeated exposure to a stressor film. Diseases of the Nervous
            System, 28, 98-104.
            Rec#: 9747
            Keywords: countermeasures/drugs-tranquilizers.

1993. Clifford, B.R.,, & Davies, G. D.C. Raskin. (1989). Procedures for obtaining
              identification evidence. New York: Springer Publication Co. 47-95 p.
              Rec#: 1116
              Keywords: eyewitness testimony.

1994. Clifton, C. (1991). Deception detection: Winning the polygraph game. Boulder,
              Colorado: Paladin Press.
              Rec#: 7307
              Keywords: countermeasures/validity/bogus pipeline/biofeedback/CQT/false
              positive/false negative/GSR/inconclusive results/GKT/pretest
              interview/physiological responses/Backster technique/post test/preemployment
              screening/stimulation tests.

1995. Cline, R.S. (1987). Technology and intelligence. Terrorism, 10, 253-255.
             Rec#: 6459
             Keywords: technology/intelligence.

1996. Cobb, C.R. (1952). Can the lie detector be made to lie? International Association of
            Arson Investigators Newsletter, -
            Rec#: 1123
            Keywords: countermeasures-hypnosis/research-hypnosis.
            Notes: Reprinted in the ISDD Bulletin (1952, June), p. 8.

1997. Cobb, J., Brooks, J., Safire, W., Lykken, D.T., Wilson, G.C., Saxe, L., Edwards, D.,
             Young, C.W., Boyce, C.J., Levchenko, S., Inman, B., Stilwell, R.G., & Ansley, N.
             (1985). To tell the truth: Do national security concerns warrant the expanded use
             of polygraphs by federal government? Common Cause Magazine, 33-37.
             Rec#: 1124
             Keywords:
              screening-federal-counterintelligence/applications-counterintelligence/criticism-v
              alidity/cases-espionage.

1998. Cochetti, Philip M. and Gordon, Nathan J. The effectiveness of polygraph in the
             personnel selection process. Philadelphia, PA. nd.
             Rec#: 9749
             Keywords: screening/pretest interview/preemployment screening/background
             investigations.

1999. Cody, M.J., & O'Hair, D. (1983). Nonverbal communication and deception: Differences
            in deception cues due to gender and communicator dominance. Communication
            Monographs, 50, 175-192.
            Rec#: 1127
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/gender.

2000. Coe, W.C., & Sluis, A.E. (1989). Increasing contextual pressures to breach posthypnotic
            amnesia. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 885-894.
            Rec#: 9198
            Keywords: hypnosis.

2001. Coe, W.C., & Yashinski, E. (1985). Volitional experiences associated with breaching
            posthypnotic amnesia. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48,
            716-722.
            Rec#: 6621
            Keywords: polygraph/posthypnotic amnesia.

2002. Cofer, C.N., Judson, A.J., & Weick, D.V. (1949). On the significance of the
             psychogalvanic response as an indicator of reaction to personality test items.
             Journal of Psychology, 27, 347-354.
             Rec#: 1128
             Keywords: malingering /personality variables-MMPI /skin
             potential/MMPI/electrodermal/historical interest.

2003. Coffey, E.P. Mr. Tolson. (Mar 4 1935).
             Rec#: 8434
             Keywords: historical interest/applications/Keeler, Leonarde.
             Notes: [subject of letter concerns a study of the polygraph made by Mr. Coffey
             and its application to detection of deception].

2004. Anonymous. Statement of Dr. Kenneth J. Coffey.         ed. 1983 Oct 19;
           Rec#: 9750
           Keywords: security screening.

2005. Coghill, M.A. Anonymous. Cornell University, Industrial and Labor Relations Library.
             (1968 Jul).
             Rec#: 1129
             Keywords: screening-commercial-labor/criticism-labor.
2006. Coghlan, J. (1965). Putting the lie to the truth machine. Ave Maria,
            Rec#: 6460
            Keywords: criticism.

2007. Coghlan, J.P., Sr. (1963). Lie box lies. Trial Lawyer's Guide, 7, 47
            Rec#: 1131
            Keywords: criticism/legal issues.

2008. Cohen, H.V. (1976). The polygraph and research in Israel. Polygraph, 5, 235-243.
             Rec#: 1132
             Keywords: Israel/subjects-cultural
             influences/techniques-Israel/admissibility-Israel.

2009. Cohen, J.A. (1961). The integrated control question technique. Police, 56-58.
             Rec#: 1133
             Keywords: techniques-ICQT.

2010. Cohen, L.H. (1932). [Review of the book Lying and its detection]. Yale Law Journal,
             42, 301-302.
             Rec#: 1135
             Keywords: book reviews.

2011. Cohen, N., McConkie, G., Wasserman, S., Althoff, R., Maciukenas, M., Whitlow, S., &
             Azen, R. Anonymous. (1996 Mar 14).
             Rec#: 7477
             Keywords: eye movement/guilty knowledge.
             Notes: Presentation material and hand-outs.

2012. Cohen, N.J., McConkie, G.W., Webb, J.M., Althoff, R.R., Holden, J.A., & Noll, E.L.
             Anonymous. Detecting guilty knowledge using eye monitoring data. (1992 Jun).
             Rec#: 7478
             Keywords: guilty knowledge/validity/reliability/electrodermal
             response/autonomic response/autonomic nervous system/heart rate/paradigm/eye
             movement/EEG/ERP/P300.
             Notes: Revised October 1992.

2013. Cole, Robert P. Stimulation test and polygraph accuracy: A study of the effect of
             changing the placement of the stimulation has on the accuracy of a standard
             government control question examination. 87.
             Rec#: 6461
             Keywords: stimulation tests/reliability-general.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2014. Anonymous. Statement of William L. Cole, on behalf of Borg-Warner Corporation.
           ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
           Rec#: 1139
           Keywords:
           legislation-federal-commercial/screening-commercial/cases-commercial.
               Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 14, 252-255.

2015. Collier, R.L. (1973). Again, the truth machine. The New York Times Magazine, 35-36,
              106-116.
              Rec#: 1142
              Keywords: polygraph-general.
              Abstract: J. L. collier article on increasing use of lie detectors and the effect that
              acceptance of instrument has begun to have on society.

2016. Collier, R.L. V.A. Leonard. (1958). Benefits of the Academy for Scientific
              Interrogation. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 71-83 p. 2.
              Rec#: 1141
              Keywords: Academy for Scientific Interrogation.

2017. Colvin, G. (1983). Who's putting razor blades in our hot dogs? Medical Economics,
             217-219, 227.
             Rec#: 1145
             Keywords: cases-tampering-guilty.

2018. Comadena, M.E. (1982). Examination of the deception attribution process of friends
           and intimates. Dissertation Abstracts International, 42: (8-B). 3491
           Rec#: 1147
           Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/dissertations and theses.
           Notes: (University Microfilms No. AAD82-00659), 181 p.

2019. Commonwealth of virginia. Anonymous. Commonwealth of Virginia. (1981). House
           Document No. 5,
           Rec#: 7527
           Keywords: validity/PSE/voice stress analysis/reliability.

2020. Compos, D. (1958). The interrogationof suspects under arrest. Studies in Intelligence,
           2, 51-61.
           Rec#: 7696
           Keywords: interrogation/interviews.

2021. Conahan, F.C. (1984). Polygraph and prepublication review policies of federal agencies.
            Polygraph, 13, 231-245.
            Rec#: 7009
            Keywords: policy/criminal investigations.

2022. Conley, B.J. Gerber, S. R. & Schroeder, O., Jr. (1962). Instrumental detection of
            deception. Cincinnati, OH: W. H. Anderson. 307-328 p.
            Rec#: 1173
            Keywords: polygraph-general/history/instrumentation/law
            enforcement/admissibility.

2023. Connelly, F.M. (1981). Some thoughts on lying and confessing. Polygraph, 10,
            42-44.
              Rec#: 7022
              Keywords: confessions/lying/deception.

2024. Conrad, E. (1933). Evidence - Expert Testimony - Admissibility of deception test (lie
            detector). Wisconsin Law Review, 8, 283-284.
            Rec#: 1175
            Keywords: historical interest/admissibility-expert testimony.

2025. Consolo, V.M. Anonymous. (1987). How to pass any lie detector test.        California: V.
            Michael Consolo.
            Rec#: 1176
            Keywords: countermeasures.

2026. Conti, M.E. (1997). The Massachusetts State Police Crime Laboratory. Law And
             Order, 45, 41-43.
             Rec#: 7026
             Keywords: State Police/crime
             laboratories/fingerprinting/examiners/Massachusetts.

2027. Contrella, Larry. Polygraph utility study - The use of lifestyle questions on the NSA
             polygraph examination. 86.
             Rec#: 6463
             Keywords: screening-federal/lifestyle questions/utility.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2028. Cook, E.H. Anonymous. (1981). Monticello, IL: Vance Bibliographies. 28 p. p.
             Rec#: 1181
             Keywords: bibliographies/law /applications-commercial.

2029. Cook, M.R. (1972). The cephalic vasomotor orienting response. Psychophysiology, 9,
            273-274.
            Rec#: 9465
            Keywords: orienting response/cephalic vasomotor response.
            Notes: [abstract] Reprinted in Polygraph, 1(3), 183-184.

2030. Cook, R.E. (1968). Truth, statistics and the polygraph. Police, 13, 36-41.
            Rec#: 1183
            Keywords: validity/statistics.

2031. Anonymous. Statement of David O. Cooke, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Office of the
           Comptroller, Department of Defense; accompanied by Robert A. Brisentine, Jr.,
           Senior Polygraph Examiner, Army Criminal Investigative Command. ed.
           Washington, DC: GPO. 421-433p.
           Rec#: 1184
           Keywords: applications-criminal cases/validity/reliability-general/voice stress
           analysis-validity/training/examiners-federal.
           Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 3, (3), 269-271.
2032. Cooley-Towell, S., Pasini-Hill, D., & Patrick, D. (2000). The value of the
            post-conviction polygraph : The importance of sanctions. Polygraph, 29,
            6-20.
            Rec#: 6890
            Keywords: post-conviction sex offender testing/utility/surveys/sex offenders.
            Abstract: The use of the post-conviction polygraph is becoming a valuable tool in
            the management and treatment of convicted sex ofenders. An accurate polygraph
            examination and an effective supervision strategy are contingent on whether
            sanctions are imposed against the offender when new information is revealed, or
            when the offender scores deceptive on the examination.

2033. Coons, T.F. (1966). Voiceprint identification. Police, 10,
             Rec#: 6464
             Keywords: voiceprint identification.

2034. Corah, Norman L. GSR and heart rate indicants of future behavior change induced by a
             fear appeal. 75.
             Rec#: 9753
             Keywords: electrodermal/GSR/heart rate/fear .
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2035. Corcoran, J.F.T., Lewis, M.D., & Garver, R.B. (1978). Biofeedback-conditioned
             galvanic skin response and hypnotic supression of arousal: A pilot study of their
             relation to deception. The Journal of Forensic Sciences, 23, 155-162.
              Rec#: 1191
             Keywords: biofeedback/electrodermal-GSR/electrodermal/hypnosis/conditioning.
             Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 7, 113-122.

2036. Corcoran, J.F.T., & Wilson, D.H. (1979). Biofeedback conditioned responses and the
             polygraph: A case report. Polygraph, 8, 120-126.
             Rec#: 1192
             Keywords: biofeedback/countermeasures/cases-theft/test data analysis.

2037. Cormack, R.W. (1989). The PASS III-Data Survey, the Personnel Assessment Selection
            System (PASS) measuring drug, alienation and trustworthiness attitude (DATA).
            The Journal of Polygraph Science, 24, 3-4.
            Rec#: 1198
            Keywords: paper and pencil tests.

2038. Cormack, Robert W. The police candidate polygraph examination program of John E.
            Reid and Associates. 63.
            Rec#: 1197
            Keywords: screening-police.
            Notes: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of
            Polygraph Examiners, Chicago, IL.

2039. Cormack, Robert W. Practical use of an interpreter in polygraph testing. 62.
              Rec#: 1196
              Keywords: interpreters/pretest interview.
              Notes: Paper presented at the 9th annual meeting of the American Academy of
              Polygraph Examiners, Chicago, IL.

2040. Cornell, D.G., & Hawk, G.L. (1989). Clinical presentation of malingerers diagnosed by
             experienced forensic psychologists. Law and Human Behavior, 13, 375-383.
             Rec#: 1199
             Keywords: malingering/psychological variables/subjects/psychotics.

2041. Corr, J.J. (1960). Criminalistics in the United States Army. Journal of Forensic
              Sciences, 5, 155-168.
              Rec#: 8454
              Keywords: criminology.

2042. Correa, E.J., & Adams, H.E. (1981). The validity of the pre-employment polygraph
             examination and the effects of motivation. Polygraph, 10, 143-155.
             Rec#: 1202
             Keywords: screening-preemployment/validity/pneumo/motivation.
             Abstract: Subjects were 40 research participants (20 male, 20 females),
             undergraduates from the University of Georgia. Five females and five males
             were randomly assigned to each of four groups: Lying-Motivated,
             Lying-Unmotivated, Truthful-Motivated, Truthful-Unmotivated. Validity of
             experimenter B's subjective ratings of polygraph records as overall Truthful or
             Lying was 100%, significantly more accurate than chance (p < .01); validity of
             experimenter B's subjective identifications of individual lie items ranged from
             68% to 100%. Objectively, lying responses were characterized by significantly
             larger increases in conductance for SRL and larger decreases in heart rate than
             truthful responses; motivation had no overall main effect but interacted with other
             independent variables on several physiological measures. Results were discussed
             in light of previous research.

2043. Costa, H.L. (1954). Die verwendung des lügendetektors im strafverfahren.
             Kriminalistik, 177-180.
             Rec#: 8464
             Keywords: Germany.
             Notes: [text in German].

2044. Costanzo, M.A.,, & Archer, D. M.E. Ware & D.E. Johnson. (2000). A method for
            teaching about verbal and nonverbal communication. 2nd ed, Mahwah, N. J.:
            Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. 273-276 p. 3. 0-80-58-3047-2.
            Rec#: 7199
            Keywords: deception/nonverbal-communication/verbal-cues.
            Abstract: Discusses using the Interpersonal Perception Task, consisting of a
            videotape of 30 brief scenes, to illustrate the complexity of verbal and nonverbal
            cues .
2045. Cowden, G.W. (1988). Preemployment screening: Is polygraph the answer? Security
           Management, 32, 80,82-84.
           Rec#: 1211
           Keywords: screening-preemployment.

2046. Craddock, S.H. (1977). The validity and reliability of the electrodermal response - An
            annotated bibliography. Polygraph, 6, 163-169.
            Rec#: 1212
            Keywords: electrodermal/research-validity-electrodermal/bibliographies.

2047. Craig, K.D., Hill, M.L., & McMurtry, B.W. (1999). Detecting deception and
             malingering. In A.R. Blcik & E.F. Kremer (Eds.), Handbook of pain syndromes:
             Biopsychosocial perspectives. (pp. 41-58). Mahwah, N. J. Lawrence
             Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
             Rec#: 6634
             Keywords: deception/measurement/malingering-detection.
             Abstract: (from the chapter) Ideally, this chapter would identify features of pain
             representations known to discriminate between subjective experiences of pain and
             claims that are falsified. Regrettably, it is too soon to promise strategies capable
             of producing an absolute differentiation. Definitive, empirically validated
             procedures for distinguishing genuine and deceptive pain report are not available
             and current approaches to the detection of deception remain to some degree
             intuitive. Recent research provides evidence that (a) genuine presentations of pain
             differ from deceptive presentations, (b) informed and careful observers, clinicians
             as well as others, can discriminate genuine and deceptive presentations, and (c)
             empirically informed assessment approaches can be developed. /// Topics include:
             definition; the nature of deception; assessment of deception and malingering;
             training to improve detection; and decision making and judgmental processes.

2048. Craig, R.A. (1997). The use of physiological measures to detect deception in juveniles:
             possible cognitie developmental influences (polygraph). Dissertation Abstracts
             International, 58, 5669
             Rec#: 3429
             Keywords: deception/discriminant analysis/juveniles.
             Abstract: Examined the effectiveness of using a polygraph test to detect deception
             in juveniles. Eighty-four juveniles (9 to 15 year olds) were given directed lie
             polygraph examinations regarding a mock crime like scenario.

2049. Crane, H.W. (1915). A study in association reaction with an attempted application of
             results in determining the presence of guilty knowledge. Psychological
             Monographs, 18, 1-61.
             Rec#: 1215
             Keywords: historical interest/word association/reaction time/guilty knowledge.
             Notes: + tables.

2050. Craver, C.B. (1977). Lie detection devices. Cornell Law Review, 63, 28-43.
             Rec#: 1216
              Keywords: screening-commercial-law/law-labor.

2051. Crawford, C.C. (1960). The polygraph in agent interrogation. Studies in Intelligence,
            4, 31-37.
            Rec#: 7032
            Keywords: interrogation/blood pressure/CIA/pretest/fabrication/inconclusive
            results/post test.

2052. Creek, L.V., & Watkins, J.T. (1972). Responses to incongruent verbal and nonverbal
             emotional cues. Journal of Communication, 22, 311-316.
             Rec#: 5807
             Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/theory-cognitive processing.
             Abstract: An alternate forms test was constructed with each test consisting of 40
             20-second segments of tape.

2053. Crenshaw, J.R. (1981). Management's use of polygraph examinations.
            Employer-Employee Relations, 12, 1
            Rec#: 1218
            Keywords: law-labor/screening-commercial.

2054. Crewson, P.E. Anonymous. Research Support Service. (2001 Dec).
            Rec#: 7702
            Keywords: diagnostic test/screening/comparison question.
            Notes: Funded by the Department of Defense Polygraph Institute, contract no.
            DABT60-01-P-3017.

2055. Criscuoli, E.J., Jr. (1986). Statement of the American Society for Industrial Security
             concerning the Polygraph Protection Act of 1985. Polygraph, 15, 69-77.
             Rec#: 1226
             Keywords:
             screening-commercial-investigations/cases-commercial/surveys-employees/legisl
             ation-federal-commercial/EPPA.
             Notes: Also printed in Security Management, p. 63-67.

2056. Cross, Alfred J. Skin potential: A beneficial additional parameter in polygraph
             examinations. 84.
             Rec#: 1229
             Keywords: skin potential response.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript, APA Archives.

2057. Cross, J.L. (1989). The Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988: Background and
              implications. Labor Law Journal, 40, 663
              Rec#: 1231
              Keywords: law-EPPA.

2058. Cross, T.P., & Saxe, L. (1992). A critique of the validity of polygraph testing in child
             sexual abuse cases. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 1, 19-33.
              Rec#: 1232
              Keywords: base rate/emotional arousal/memory/perception/applications-child
              sexual abuse/validity.

2059. Crossland, H.R. (1929). The psychological methods of word association and reaction
             time as tests of deception. Psychology Series, 1,
             Rec#: 1233
             Keywords: word association/reaction time/bibliographies.
             Notes: [University of Oregon Publications].

2060. Crow, L.T., & Ball, C. (1975). Alcohol state-dependency and autonomic reactivity.
            Psychophysiology, 12, 702-706.
            Rec#: 9466
            Keywords: drugs-alcohol/state dependent/autonomic response.
            Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 4(4), 383-384.

2061. Crowe, Michael J., Chimarys, Michael, and Schwartz, John R. The GQT polygraph test:
            Scoring and validity. 88.
            Rec#: 6468
            Keywords: validity/techniques-GQT.
            Notes: Poster presentation at the 96th annual convention of the American
            Psychological Association.

2062. Crowe, M.J., Peters, R.D., Suarez, Y.M., & Claeren, L. Anonymous. Jacksonville State
            University. (1989 Jun 01). MDA 904-899-2258,
            Rec#: 6469
            Keywords: conditioning/covert EMG/GKT/physiological measures/repeated tests.
            Abstract: 66 Ss conditioned to press buzzer when deceptive. 2 GKT tests 1 week
            apart. Conditioning procedure inadequate; escape/avoidance may be better. 1st
            test better; both combined best. GSR best, resp 2nd, cardio & EMG poor.

2063. Crowe, M.J., Peters, R.D., Suarez, Y.M., & Claeren, L. Anonymous.     Jacksonville State
            University. (1988). Contract #MDA 904-87-C-2293,
            Rec#: 6470
            Keywords: validity/techniques-PCQT/techniques-R&I.

2064. Crowe, Michael J., Suarez, Yolanda M., Peters, R. Douglas, and Claeren, Lisa. The
            positive control question polygraph technique: Validity and scoring for multiple
            issue testing. 88.
            Rec#: 1236
            Keywords: techniques-PCQT/validity/test data analysis/multiple issues/directed
            lie.
            Notes: Paper presented at the Southeastern Psychological Association meeting,
            Washington, DC .

2065. Crowley, C.H. (1982). Taking the test. Security Management, 26, 33-35.
            Rec#: 3776
            Keywords: relevant-irrelevant method/blood pressure/drug
              use/criticism/GSR/galvanic skin response.

2066. Crowley, C.H. (1982). The truth about polygraph . Security Management, 26, 29-35.
            Rec#: 1237
            Keywords: psychophysiology-polygraph
            theory/applications-screening/validity/computerized polygraph.
            Abstract: The polygraph measures a person's respiration, blood pressure, and
            perspiration. Its premise is that lying will involuntarily and inevitably lead to a
            quickening of the monitored physical processes. The use of the polygraph is
            expanding. Polygraphers regularly test individuals in such agencies as the FBI and
            the CIA. Polygraph examinations are cheaper and quicker than background
            investigations for job applicants, and many employers now use the polygraph for
            this reason. Approximately 6,000 polygraphers practice in the United States,
            administering an estimated 500,000 to 1,000,000 tests each year. The standard
            polygraph format is the Control Question Test. Questions are asked in a
            monotone, sometimes so softly that the examinee must strain to hear. Despite
            efforts to defend its use, controversy still surrounds the use of the polygraph in
            criminal trials. No state freely admits polygraph evidence in criminal cases,
            although about 25 do when both the prosecuting and defense attorneys agree
            before the testing. The American Polygraph Association cites studies indicating
            that polygraph accuracy rates range from 87.2 percent to 96.2 percent. Radical
            advances in instrumentation are not anticipated. However, refinements, such as
            computer analysis of polygraph charts, will probably play an increasing role in
            future polygraph procedures. One photograph is included.

2067. Cullen, Alfred B. A decision for polygraph. 64.
             Rec#: 4987
             Keywords: law-unemployment compensation-Florida.
             Notes: Paper presented at the 11th annual meeting of the American Academy of
             Polygraph Examiners, Chicago, IL.

2068. Cullen, Alfred B. The pre-test interview. 62.
             Rec#: 1238
             Keywords: pretest interview.
             Notes: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of
             Polygraph Examiners, Chicago, IL.

2069. Cullen, M.C. (2000 Feb). Polygraph examinations using the CQT with actual truth
             control questions. University of New Brunswick;
             Rec#: 5950
             Keywords: CQT/control questions/interrogation/guilty knowledge test/detection
             of deception.
             Abstract: Participants guilty of a mock crime, innocent and informed of the details
             of the crime or innocent and uninformed of the details were examined on the
             polygraph with a modified version of a Control Question test. Normally, this test
             contains questions that are incriminating, ambiguous, and likely to be answered
             with a lie. Sections in the introduction deal with the history of interrogations
              with polygraphs, instrument development, measurement considerations, the
              theory of the control question test as well as other techniques of questioning.

2070. Cumley, W.E. (1959). Hypnosis and the polygraph. Police, 4, 39
            Rec#: 1240
            Keywords: hypnosis/countermeasures-hypnosis.

2071. Cunningham, C. A. Gale. (1988). Vetting, investigation and interrogation. London:
            Sage Publications, Inc. 40-52 p.
            Rec#: 1243
            Keywords: criticism-Great Britain/Great Britain/interrogation-Great
            Britain/background investigations/applications-counterintelligence-Great
            Britain/cultural influences-Great Britain/lying-Great Britain/subjects-personality
            variables-Great Britain.

2072. Cunningham, M.R. (1989). Test-taking motivations and outcomes on a standardized
            measure of on-the-job integrity. Journal of Business and Psychology, 4,
            119-127.
            Rec#: 9205
            Keywords: integrity tests/motivation/outcomes.

2073. Cunningham, M.R., Wong, D.T., & Barbee, A.P. (1994). Self-presentation dynamics on
            overt integrity tests: Experimental studies of the Reid Report. Journal of Applied
            Psychology , 79 , 643-58.
            Rec#: 9754
            Keywords: integrity tests/honesty testing/validity.
            Abstract: Three experiments examined impression-management responses to the
            Reid Report Integrity Attitude Inventory. Subjects encouraged to score high on
            the honesty test attained higher scores than a control group, but no higher than a
            group of job applicants. Study 2 offered money for high scores, and provided
            information to use concerning the first, second, or both factors of the Reid Report.
            Subjects in the three information conditions scored higher than those in a control
            condition, but again were no higher than job applicants. In a third study, subjects
            were asked to respond to the Reid Report and to several other measures as if they
            seriously wanted a job. After the test, each subject was overpaid for the
            participation. Reid Report scores were significantly correlated with returning
            versus retaining the money. These results suggest that integrity tests possess
            predictive validity despite some impression-management response distortion.
            Relations with other personality measures also are presented. Reprinted by
            permission of the publisher.

2074. Cureton, E.E. (1953). A consensus as to the validity of polygraph procedures.
             Tennessee Law Review, 22, 18-32, 728-742.
             Rec#: 1244
             Keywords: validity/surveys.

2075. Curio, I., & Scholz, O.B. (1991). Glaubhaftigkeitsbeurteilung von kurzen
               Zeugenaussagen mittels behavioraler und psychophysiologischer Parameter
               [Credibility assessment of short eyewitness accounts through the means of
               behavioral and physiological parameters]. Zeitschrift Fuer Experimentelle Und
               Angewandte Psychologie, 38, 188-200.
               Rec#: 1245
               Keywords: Germany/eye movement/respiration/laboratory/heart
               rate/electrodermal-skin conductance/witnesses/Peters, R./physiological
               parameters.
               Notes: [text in German].
               Abstract: The authors studied non-verbal responses of eyewitnesses in intentional
               true and false statements.

2076. Curtis, S.J. (1958). Stress vs. empathy interview techniques. Police, 3, 51-53.
              Rec#: 6471
              Keywords: interview techniques/stress/empathy.

2077. Curtis, S.J. Ansley, Norman & R.J. Weir, Jr. (1956). The value of the lie detector to
              business and industry. Washington, DC: Board of Polygraph Examiners.
              83-86 p.
              Rec#: 1246
              Keywords: screening-commercial/cases-commercial.

2078. Cutler, Irwin H., Jr. Legal problems associated with the use of polygraph tests. 86.
              Rec#: 1247
              Keywords: law-commercial/law-labor.
              Notes: Paper presented at the 11th annual seminar in arbitration, Louisville, KY.

2079. Cutler, P.E. (1972). The evidentiary value of spectrographic voice identification.
              Journal of Criminal Law Criminology and Police Science, 63, 343-355.
              Rec#: 6398
              Keywords: admissibility/voiceprint identification.
              Abstract: Recent developments in both science and the law indicate that despite
              initial adverse scientific and judicial reaction, spectographic voice identification is
              perhaps coming of legal age. Although recent case law supports the admissibility
              of such identification testimony, there are significant unquantified variables which
              may have an as yet undetermined effect on the accuracy and reliability of
              spectographic voice analysis. The courts ought to look carefully at the evidence
              marshalled to support the general admissibility of such an identification until
              further experimentation establishes the relationship which these variables have on
              the examiner's proficiency. The techniques certainly possess sufficient reliability
              to render an identification admissible on stipulation, at least in those jurisdictions
              which allow such use of polygraph test results. However, the courts ought not be
              too eager to embrace a technique which has not long ago been subjected to
              scientific scorn.

2080. Cutrow, R.J. (1973). Detection of deception: Effect of intimidation on GSR and
            multiple indices. Masters Abstracts, 11: (3). 310
              Rec#: 1248
              Keywords: intimidation/dissertations and theses.
              Notes: Master's thesis, California State University, Long Beach (University
              Microfilm # AAD13-04300), 53 p.

2081. Cutrow, R.J., Parks, A., Lucas, N., & Thomas, K. (1972). The objective use of multiple
            physiological indices in the detection of deception. Psychophysiology, 9,
            578-588.
            Rec#: 1249
            Keywords: physiological indices/research-multiple
            sensors/electrodermal-research/heart rate/pupillometry/eye blink/test data
            analysis-pneumo/verbal response/sex differences/research-sex
            differences/gender/arousal/finger pulse volume/GSR/objective measurement.
            Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 2 (4), 355.

2082. Cutshall, J.L.,, & Yuille, J.C. D.C. Raskin. (1989). Field studies of eyewitness memory
             of actual crimes. New York: Springer Publishing Co. 97-124 p.
             Rec#: 1250
             Keywords: eyewitness memory.

2083. Czeczot, Z.,, & Czubalski, M. Anonymous. (1972). Zarys kryminalistyki .        Warsaw,
            Poland: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego. 95-99 p.
            Rec#: 1252
            Keywords: Poland.
            Notes: [text in Polish].

2084. Dabrowski, A.S. (1969). The polygraph revisited: An argument for admissibility.
            Suffolk University Law Review, 4, -
            Rec#: 1255
            Keywords: admissibility-criminal cases.
            Notes: Reprinted in Criminal Law Bulletin, 6(2), 63-80.

2085. Dahm, Anthony E. Study of the field use of the psychological stress evaluator. 74.
            Rec#: 8484
            Keywords: surveys-PSE/psychological stress evaluator/voice stress analysis.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.
            Abstract: Total number of cases reported 39,329... The remaining 10 accounted
            for 5,045 examinations. Of these, the two instruments (polygraph and PSE)
            resulted in the same findings in 5,037 cases for a 99.84% correlation...Nine
            respondents stated savings in terms of recovered funds and/or goods in excess of
            $18,000...20% increase in registered sales; a 33% decrease in inventory
            shrinkage; a 40% decline in temporary employee turnover; and a 60% decline in
            permanent empolyee turnover since incorporating PSE examinations.

2086. Dailey, V. V.A. Leonard. (1957). Interrogation of the subject after testing.
             Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 84-92 p. 1.
             Rec#: 1256
             Keywords: interrogation.

2087. Daily, B.J. (1975). But for polygraph. Military Police Law Enforcement Journal, 2,
             10-12.
             Rec#: 1261
             Keywords: training-Army/cases-protecting the innocent/U.S. Army.

2088. Daily, B.J. (1974). Changes at the Army Polygraph School. Polygraph, 3, 205-209.
             Rec#: 1257
             Keywords: training-Army/bibliographies.

2089. Daily, B.J. (1974). Polygraph review. Polygraph, 3, 276, 347-348.
             Rec#: 1258
             Keywords: test data analysis-numerical.

2090. Daily, B.J. (1974). Polygraph review.   Polygraph, 3, 444-446.
             Rec#: 1259
             Keywords: physiology.

2091. Daily, B.J. (1975). Polygraph review. Polygraph, 4, 375-376.
             Rec#: 1264
             Keywords: question formulation-relevant questions.

2092. Daily, B.J. (1975). Polygraph review.   Polygraph, 4, 285-286.
             Rec#: 1263
             Keywords: psychophysiology.

2093. Daily, B.J. (1975). Polygraph review.   Polygraph, 4, 85-87.
             Rec#: 1262
             Keywords: instrumentation.

2094. Daily, B.J. (1976). Polygraph review.   Polygraph, 5, 273-274.
             Rec#: 1265
             Keywords: psychology.

2095. Daily, B.J. (1977). Polygraph review.   Polygraph, 6, 293-294.
             Rec#: 1267
             Keywords: pretest interview.

2096. Daily, B.J. (1977). Polygraph review.   Polygraph, 6, 201-202.
             Rec#: 1266
             Keywords: interrogation.

2097. Daily, B.J. (1978). Polygraph review.   Polygraph, 7, 157-158.
             Rec#: 1268
             Keywords: physiology.

2098. Daily, B.J. (1978). Polygraph review - Peak of tension. Polygraph, 7, 89-90.
              Rec#: 1269
              Keywords: techniques-peak of tension/question formulation-peak of tension.

2099. Daily, B.J. (1974). Pretest interviews. Polygraph, 3, 338-343.
             Rec#: 1260
             Keywords: pretest interview.

2100. Daily, B.J., & Bartlett, S.K. (1976). Polygraph review. Polygraph, 5, 94-95.
             Rec#: 1270
             Keywords: physiology.

2101. Daily, B.J., & Decker, R.E. (1976). Polygraph review. Polygraph, 5, 190-191.
             Rec#: 1271
             Keywords: instruments.

2102. Daily, B.J., & Link, F.C. (1975). Polygraph review - Semantics. Polygraph, 4,
             182-183.
             Rec#: 1272
             Keywords: question formulation-relevant questions.

2103. Dallas Police Department. (nd). Pre-employment polygraph booklet. Dallas, TX:
             Dallas Police Department.
             Rec#: 9659
             Keywords: screening-law enforcement.

2104. Dallenback, K.M. (1946). The emergency committee in psychology, National Research
             Council. American Journal of Psychology, 56, 496-582.
             Rec#: 1274
             Keywords: historical interest/applications-national security.

2105. Damaser, E.C., Shor, R.E., & Orne, M.T. (1963). Physiological effects during
            hypnotically requested emotions. Psychosomatic Medicine, 25, 334-343.
            Rec#: 6651
            Keywords: hypnosis.

2106. Damman, P.A. (1948). Lie detector results inadmissible as evidence. Journal of
           Criminal Law and Criminology, 38, 683
           Rec#: 1276
           Keywords: admissibility/historical interest/Kansas/evidence.

2107. Dana, H.J. V.A. Leonard. (1958). It is time to improve the polygraph: A progress report
             on research and development. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 84-90 p.
             2 .
             Rec#: 1277
             Keywords: instruments.

2108. Dana, H.J.,, & Barnett, C.C. V.A. Leonard. (1957). The emotional stress meter.
             Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 78-83 p. 1 .
               Rec#: 1279
               Keywords: instruments-pulse wave velocity/plethysmograph/instruments.

2109. Dana, Homer J. and Barnett, Claude C. A more sensitive means of detecting and
             recording various physiological changes accompanying mild emotional stresses.
             55.
             Rec#: 1278
             Keywords: instruments-oxyhemograph/plethysmograph/instruments-pulse wave
             velocity.
             Notes: Paper presented at the meeting of the Instrument Society of America, Los
             Angeles, CA.

2110. Daniels, C.W. (1997). New frontiers in polygraph evidence: Law and tactics. The
             Champion: The Official News Report of the national Association of Criminal
             Defense Lawyers, 21, 16
             Rec#: 6385
             Keywords: control questions/honesty/admissibility/Supreme Court/Daubert
             standard.
             Notes: Reprint in Polygraph Update, 10, (1), 1-8.
             Abstract: Developments in polygraph techniques and the law pertaining to
             polygraph admissibility have opened new opportunities for the defense to make
             use of evidence that can corraborate or refute the truthfulness of particular
             witnesses. In the practice of criminal defense, Charles W. Daniels says it is
             often critically important to be able to persuade a fact-finder that your client, in
             particular is telling the truth about matters that cannot otherwise be corroborated
             persuasively.

2111. Danto, B.L. (1979). The use of brevital sodium in police investigation. Police Chief,
             53-55.
             Rec#: 1282
             Keywords: narcoanalysis/cases-homicide/cases-incest.

2112. Anonymous. Testimony of the Honorable Buddy Darden of Georgia. ed.
           Washington, DC: GPO.
           Rec#: 1284
           Keywords: screening-commercial/legislation-federal-commercial.
           Notes: Printed in APA Newsletter, 20(2), 5-7.

2113. Darr, R.F., Jr. (1974). Personality and vasomotor behavior. Polygraph, 3, 81-89.
             Rec#: 1288
             Keywords: vasomotor behavior/subjects-personality
             varibles/SVR/CVR/AVR/Manifest Anxiety Scale/Test Anxiety Scale/Neuroticism
             Scale/Extraversion Scale/Maudsley Personality
             Inventory/adaptation/stress/anxiety.

2114. Darr, R.F., Jr. (1973). Vasomotor behavior during semantic conditioning. Polygraph,
             2, 65-72.
              Rec#: 1286
              Keywords: vasomotor behavior/semantic
              conditioning/plethysmograph/habituation/personality
              variables/adaptation/extinction/blood pressure/ACR/SVR.

2115. Darrow, C.W. (1932). The behavior research photopolygraph. Journal of General
            Psychology, 7, 215-219.
            Rec#: 1293
            Keywords: photopolygraph/instrumentation.

2116. Darrow, C.W. (1929). Differences in the physiological reactions to sensory and
            ideational stimuli. Psychological Bulletin, 26, 185-201.
            Rec#: 1290
            Keywords: stimuli/historical interest.

2117. Darrow, C.W. (1937). Neural mechanisms controlling the palmar galvanic skin reflex
            and palmar sweating. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, 37, 641-663.
            Rec#: 8494
            Keywords: neural mechanisms/palmar sweating/electrodermal/GSR.

2118. Darrow, C.W. (1964). The rationale for treating the change in galvanic skin response as
            a change in conductance. Psychophysiology, 1, 31-38.
            Rec#: 1296
            Keywords: electrodermal-GSR/electrodermal-skin
            conductance/instrumentation-electrodermal.

2119. Darrow, C.W. (1931). The significance of the galvanic recovery curve. Psychological
            Bulletin, 28, 678-679.
            Rec#: 1292
            Keywords: galvanic recovery curve/history-GSR.

2120. Darrow, Chester W. and Solomon, Alfred P. Galvanic skin reflex and blood pressure
            reactions in psychotic states. nd.
            Rec#: 9756
            Keywords: electrodermal/GSR/blood pressure/psychopathy.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2121. Dastmalchi, M. Anonymous. Features analysis of the polygraph. (1993 Dec).
            Rec#: 1297
            Keywords: Fuzzy Logic/Knapp, R. Benjamin/computerized test data analysis.
            Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.

2122. Davidson, C. (1965). Standpoint - Why ban lie detectors? Council of Polygraph
            Examiners Newsletter,
            Rec#: 8844
            Keywords: legislation-state.
            Notes: Reprint of WBBM TV, Chicago, IL editorial comment.
2123. Davidson, F.E. (1973). Comparison of the retinoscope and polygraph as indicators of
            physiological change. Dissertation Abstracts International, 36: (2-A). 775
            Rec#: 1302
            Keywords: pupillometry/eye/retina/dissertations and theses.

2124. Davidson, P.O. (1968). Validity of the guilty knowledge technique: The effect of
            motivation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 52, 62-65.
            Rec#: 1303
            Keywords: techniques-GKT/validity/motivation.

2125. Davidson, W.A. (1979). Validity and reliability of the cardio activity monitor.
            Polygraph, 8, 104-111.
            Rec#: 1304
            Keywords: Cardio Activity Monitor/CAM/validity/reliability.

2126. Davis, Brad. Detecting deceit. nd.
             Rec#: 9758
             Keywords: physiological measures/P300/event-related
             potentials/instrumentation/research.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2127. Davis, F.H., & Malmo, R.B. (1950). Electromyographic recording during interview.
             American Journal of Psychiatry, 107, 908-916.
             Rec#: 1305
             Keywords: muscle tension/personality variables/EMG/research-EMG.

2128. Davis, G. (1991). [Review of the book      Theories and applications in the detection of
             deception]. Veracity, 3-4.
             Rec#: 8973
             Keywords: book reviews/theory.

2129. Davis, J.R. (1965). Combating theft from within: What is the answer? Police, 9,
             66-68.
             Rec#: 1307
             Keywords: screening-commercial.

2130. Davis, J.R. (1960). The use of the polygraph in private industry. Police, 5, 44-46.
             Rec#: 1308
             Keywords:
             screening-commercial-preemployment/screening-commercial-periodic.

2131. Davis, L. (1992). A doubtful device. Health, 6, 92-95.
             Rec#: 6301
             Keywords: criticism.

2132. Anonymous. Remarks of Congressman Mendel J. Davis on behalf of the American
           Polygraph Association. ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
           Rec#: 1310
              Keywords: legislation-federal-screening/screening-commercial/American
              Polygraph Association/admissibility.

2133. Anonymous. Statement of Congressman Mendel J. Davis. ed. Washington, DC:
           GPO. 356-391p.
           Rec#: 5322
           Keywords:
           screening-commercial/validity/reliability-general/admissibility/licensing/America
           n Polygraph Association/law-labor-privacy/cases-general/Davis, Mendel
           J./Fochtman, John/Barland, Gordon H./Orne, Martin T./Horvath, Frank.
           Notes: Presented by John Fochtman, Executive Director, American Polygraph
           Association; Gordon H. Barland, Ph.D., President, Polygraph Screening Service,
           Salt Lake City, Utah; Martin T. Orne, M.D., Ph.D., Department of Psychiatry,
           University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Pennsylvania;=and Frank Horvath,
           Ph.D., School of Criminal Justice, Michigan State University, East Lansing,
           Michigan.

2134. Davis, R.C. A.D. Biderman & H. Zimmer. (1961). Physiological responses as a means
             of evaluating information. New York: Wiley. 142-168 p.
             Rec#: 6671
             Keywords: physiological responses.

2135. Davis, R.C. (1936). A psychogalvanic deception detector. Radiocraft, 8, 344
             Rec#: 1312
             Keywords: instruments-electrodermal/historical interest-instruments.

2136. Davis, Richard E. The polygraph, an aid to the criminal investigator. 70.
             Rec#: 1313
             Keywords: cases-false complaints/cases-homicide/cases-arson.
             Notes: Paper prepared for the course in Police Operations, Anne Arundel
             Community College .

2137. Davis, W., Bayh, B., Smith, R.E., & Linowes, D. (1978). No more lie detector test.
             Retail Clerks Advocate, 81, 18-22.
             Rec#: 1314
             Keywords: screening-commercial-retail/criticism-privacy/voice stress
             analysis/PSE/legislation-federal-screening/law-labor.
             Abstract: Article includes comments by each of the authors concerning legislation
             to prohibts lie detector tests in employment.

2138. Dawson, Michael E. The delayed answer test (DAT) and the effects of countermeasures.
           77.
           Rec#: 1318
           Keywords: delayed answer test/orienting response/countermeasures.
           Notes: Summary of a paper presented at the annual meeting of the American
           Polygraph Association, Las Vegas, NV.
2139. Dawson, Michael E. Detection of deception, an analysis of psychophysiological
           component processes. 76.
           Rec#: 1316
           Keywords: orienting response/delayed answer test/plethysmograph/electrodermal.
           Notes: Paper presented at the 16th annual convention of the Society for
           Psychophysiological Research, San Diego, CA.

2140. Dawson, M.E. (1977). Detection of deception, an analysis of psychophysiological
           component processes. Psychophysiology, 14, 86
           Rec#: 1317
           Keywords: theory-orienting response/psychophysiology-orienting
           response/delayed answer test/plethysmograph/electrodermal.
           Notes: [abstract].

2141. Dawson, Michael E. Historical development and interpretation of the "partial-occlusion"
           technique of measuring cardiovascular changes. 79.
           Rec#: 6681
           Keywords: cardiovascular/partial-occlusion techniques.

2142. Dawson, M.E. (1980). Physiological detection of deception: Measurement of responses
           to questions and answers during countermeasure maneuvers. Psychophysiology,
           17, 8-17.
           Rec#: 1319
           Keywords: countermeasures/orienting response.

2143. Dawson, M.E. (1990). Where does the truth lie? [Review of the book The polygraph
           test: Lies, truth and science]. Psychophysiology, 27, 120-121.
           Rec#: 1320
           Keywords: book reviews.

2144. Dawson, M.E., Schell, A.M., & Filion, D.L. J.T. Cacioppo, L.G. Tassinary, & G.G.
           Berntson. (2000). The electrodermal system. 2nd ed, New York, NY:
           Cambridge University Press. 200-223 p. 052162634X.
           Rec#: 6998
           Keywords: electrodermal.
           Notes: Chapter 8.

2145. Day, D.A. (1968). The role of the "lie" in lie detection.
            Rec#: 1321
            Keywords: research-lying/techniques-general-lying/theory-lying.
            Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.

2146. Day, D.A., & Rourke, B.P. (1974). The role of attention in lie detection. Canadian
            Journal of Behavioural Science, 6, 270-276.
            Rec#: 1323
            Keywords: attention/relevant information.
            Abstract: Randomly assigned 80 male college students to 1 of 4 groups.
               Tape-recorded instructions directed Ss in Groups 1 and 2 to evaluate a
               psychological case history or a newspaper story, respectively. Group 3 read about
               a kidnapping after being told they were participating in a lie-detection experiment
               and would be questioned on the material later. Group 4 was given the same
               information as Group 3, but was told that they should not reveal the information
               when questioned. Galvanic skin responses (GSRs) were measured as Ss listened
               to tape-recorded questions on the material read; no verbal responses were made.
               The E then attempted to determine "blindly" which target information S had
               received by examining the GSRs. The number of Ss whose given information
               was successfully detected was significant in Groups 2, 3, and 4. Results suggest
               that simply attending to or focusing upon relevant information is a sufficient
               condition for detectability in a lie-detection situation.

2147. Days Inn of America, I. H.o.C.S.S. Employment Committee. (1985).
             Rec#: 1324
             Keywords: screening-commercial-utility.
             Notes: Memoranda laid before the Committee, p. 16-17.

2148. de Young, M. (1986). A conceptual model for judging the truthfulness of a young
            child's allegation of sexual abuse. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 56,
            550-559.
            Rec#: 5016
            Keywords: child sexual abuse.
            Abstract: Develops a conceptual model to direct the user to relevant facets of the
            experience of child sexual abuse, including developmental issues, social and
            psychological dynamics, and the interaction between the various facets. A
            sequential outline of investigative steps is presented to judge the truthfulness of
            the child's allegations: This involves assessing the child's clarity, celerity,
            certainty, consistency, and elaborated details in relation to the child's
            descriptions of specific action and contextual details. Indicators of sexual abuse
            are described with emphasis on differentiating between other stressors in the
            child's life and those produced by the sexual abuse. Four traumagenic factors were
            proposed, including traumatic sexualization, betrayal, disempowerment, and
            stigmatization. Two final steps in assessing the abuse experience include
            assessing the child's vulnerability to sexual abuse and any possible motivation
            for lying. It is suggested that the evaluator utilize an adult caretaker to assess the
            child's physical, emotional, and behavioral functioning before the time of the
            alleged abuse and then document subsequent changes in the child.

2149. Dean, J.P., & Whyte, W.F. (1958). How do you know if the informant is telling the
             truth? Human Organization, 17, 34-38.
             Rec#: 1326
             Keywords: lying-cultural variables/lying-anthropology.

2150. Dearman, H.H., & Smith, B.M. (1963). Unconscious motivation and the polypraph test.
            American Journal of Psychiatry, 119, 1017-1020.
            Rec#: 1327
              Keywords: motivation-unconscious/theory-motivation/psychological variables.

2151. Decker, Ronald. Lecture and demonstration on polygraph. 77.
            Rec#: 9761
            Keywords: standardization/physiological processes.

2152. Decker, R.E. (1978). The Army stimulation test - A control procedure. Polygraph, 7,
            176-177.
            Rec#: 1335
            Keywords: stimulation tests-Army.

2153. Decker, Ronald E. Chart analysis. 80.
            Rec#: 1338
            Keywords: test data analysis-numerical.
            Notes: Paper presented at the 10th annual National Workshop on Practical
            Polygraph Procedures, Delta College, University Center, MI.

2154. Decker, Ronald E. Chart analysis. nd.
            Rec#: 9762
            Keywords: breathing changes/trace processes/GSR.

2155. Decker, R.E. (1972). Repairing the Stoelting pneumograph attachment. Polygraph, 1,
            251-252.
            Rec#: 1334
            Keywords: instruments-pneumo-repair.

2156. Decker, R.E. (1978). Technical notes - Calibrating the 22500 Stoelting GSR amplifier
            and recording unit. Polygraph, 7, 59-60.
            Rec#: 1336
            Keywords: instruments-calibration/Stoelting .

2157. Decker, R.E. (1978). Technical notes - Calibration procedure for the all electric
            Stoelting polyscribe. Polygraph, 7, 151-152.
            Rec#: 1337
            Keywords: instrumentation-calibration.

2158. Decker, R.E., & Hudson, J. (1978). Technical notes - Low voltage indicator.
            Polygraph, 7, 315
            Rec#: 1340
            Keywords: instruments-low voltage indicator.

2159. Decker, R.E., Stein, A.E., & Ansley, N. (1972). A cardio activity monitor. Polygraph,
            1, 108-124.
            Rec#: 1342
            Keywords: instruments-cardio activity monitor/test data analysis-CAM.
            Notes: Reprinted in N. Ansley (Ed.), Legal admissibility of the polygraph (p.
            273-287). Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas (1975).
2160. Dees, T.M. (1995). Polygraph technology. Law Enforcement Technology, 52-54.
             Rec#: 8975
             Keywords: computerized polygraph/algorithms/examiners-training/brain wave
             analysis.

2161. Defleur, L.B. (1967). On polygraph and interview validation. American Sociological
             Review, 32, 114-117.
             Rec#: 1354
             Keywords: research-interview validation/applications-interview validation.
             Notes: includes reply by John P. Clark and Larry L. Tifft.

2162. Defoe, D. (1989). Feel the pulse: Defoe's 1730 proposal. Polygraph, 18, 122
             Rec#: 1355
             Keywords: historical interest/heart rate.

2163. Delacy, C.D. (1934). Has the lie detector failed? Chicago Police Journal, 5-6, 13.
             Rec#: 1359
             Keywords: subjects-unfit/historical interest-instruments.

2164. DeLucia, J.J., & Stagner, R. (1954). Emotional vs. frequency factors in
            word-recognition time and association time. Journal of Personality, 22,
            299-309.
            Rec#: 1362
            Keywords: word association/historical interest .

2165. Demopoulos, E.P. (1968). The current status of the law involving admissibility of lie
           detector results into evidence at criminal trials. Journal of the American
           Polygraph Association, 1, 1-2.
           Rec#: 1364
           Keywords: admissibility-stipulated/history-admissibility.

2166. Demopoulos, Eugene P. The licensing of polygraph examiners. nd.
           Rec#: 1195
           Keywords: techniques/accuracy/licensing-admissibility.

2167. Demorest, A.M.C., Phelps, E., Gardner, H., & Winner, E. (1984). Words speak louder
            than actions: Understanding deliberately false remarks. Child Development, 55,
            1527-1534.
            Rec#: 1366
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception-children.

2168. Denton, L. (1987). Expert testimony: Law v. Science. APA Monitor, December,
            Rec#: 9764
            Keywords: courtroom testimony-expert qualifications.

2169. Dentzer, S. (1986). Can you pass the job test? Newsweek, 107, 46-50.
             Rec#: 1369
             Keywords: law-labor-rights/criticism-privacy/paper and pencil tests-criticism.
2170. Denver Career Service Authority, Research Division. The polygraph as a
            pre-employment selection device. 72.
            Rec#: 1370
            Keywords: screening-police-Denver/Denver Police Department.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript, 26 p.

2171. Department of Commerce, C.o.V. Anonymous. Response to House resolution number
            45 requesting the Department of Commerce to study the feasibility and
            desirability of licensure of audio stress examiners. Department of Commerce.
            (1980). House Document No. 34,
             Rec#: 9907
            Keywords: voice stress analysis/psychological stress evaluator/PSE.

2172. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1999 May 13).
            Rec#: 7393
            Keywords: regulations-Department of Defense/Department of Defense/policy.

2173. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1987).
            Rec#: 1375
            Keywords: surveys-statistical/bibliographies/biographies-Barland, Gordon
            H./research-Department of Defense/screening-Department of
            Defense/applications-counterintelligence/cases-counterintelligence/Department of
            Defense.
            Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 16, 53-71.
            Abstract: A review of fiscal year 1986 polygraph test program results covers the
            number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses
            of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence
            polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of
            polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not
            otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic
            counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in
            personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence,
            counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions,
            and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are
            polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and
            difficulties in program expansion.

2174. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1988).
            Rec#: 1378
            Keywords: surveys-statistical/research-Department of
            Defense/screening-Department of
            Defense/applications-counterintelligence/cases-criminal/cases-counterintelligence
            /Department of Defense.
            Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 17(2), 56-79.
            Abstract: A review of fiscal year 1987 polygraph test program results covers the
            number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses
            of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence
              polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of
              polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not
              otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic
              counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in
              personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence,
              counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions,
              and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are
              polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and
              difficulties in program expansion.

2175. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1989).
            Rec#: 7062
            Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph
            programs/national security/Department of Defense.
            Abstract: A review of fiscal year 1988 polygraph test program results covers the
            number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses
            of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence
            polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of
            polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not
            otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic
            counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in
            personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence,
            counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions,
            and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are
            polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and
            difficulties in program expansion.

2176. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1990).
            Rec#: 7063
            Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph
            programs/national security/Department of Defense.
            Abstract: A review of fiscal year 1989 polygraph test program results covers the
            number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses
            of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence
            polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of
            polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not
            otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic
            counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in
            personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence,
            counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions,
            and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are
            polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and
            difficulties in program expansion.

2177. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1991).
            Rec#: 7064
            Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph
              programs/national security/Department of Defense.
              Abstract: A review of fiscal year 1990 polygraph test program results covers the
              number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses
              of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence
              polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of
              polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not
              otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic
              counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in
              personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence,
              counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions,
              and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are
              polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and
              difficulties in program expansion.

2178. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1992).
            Rec#: 1379
            Keywords: Department of Defense-polygraph programs/national
            security/Department of Defense.
            Notes: Repinted in Polygraph, 21, (2), 92-109.
            Abstract: A review of fiscal year 1991 polygraph test program results covers the
            number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses
            of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence
            polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of
            polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not
            otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic
            counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in
            personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence,
            counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions,
            and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are
            polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and
            difficulties in program expansion.

2179. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1993).
            Rec#: 7065
            Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph
            programs/national security/Department of Defense.
            Abstract: A review of fiscal year 1992 polygraph test program results covers the
            number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses
            of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence
            polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of
            polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not
            otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic
            counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in
            personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence,
            counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions,
            and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are
            polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and
              difficulties in program expansion.

2180. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1994).
            Rec#: 9611
            Keywords: Department of Defense-polygraph programs/national
            security/Department of Defense.
            Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 23, (1), 61-84, under title "Polygraph Program:
            United States Department of Defense.
            Abstract: A review of fiscal year 1993 polygraph test program results covers the
            number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses
            of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence
            polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of
            polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not
            otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic
            counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in
            personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence,
            counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions,
            and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are
            polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and
            difficulties in program expansion.

2181. Department of Defense . Anonymous. (1995).
            Rec#: 9258
            Keywords: Department of Defense-polygraph programs/national
            security/Department of Defense.
            Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 24, (1), 13-33.
            Abstract: A review of fiscal year 1994 polygraph test program results covers the
            number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses
            of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence
            polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of
            polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not
            otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic
            counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in
            personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence,
            counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions,
            and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are
            polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and
            difficulties in program expansion.

2182. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1996).
            Rec#: 7066
            Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph
            programs/national security/Department of Defense.
            Abstract: A review of fiscal year 1995 polygraph test program results covers the
            number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses
            of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence
            polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of
              polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not
              otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic
              counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in
              personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence,
              counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions,
              and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are
              polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and
              difficulties in program expansion.

2183. Department of Defense . Anonymous. (1997).
            Rec#: 7067
            Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph
            programs/national security/Department of Defense.
            Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 26, (4), 240-254.
            Abstract: A review of fiscal year 1996 polygraph test program results covers the
            number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses
            of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence
            polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of
            polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not
            otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic
            counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in
            personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence,
            counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions,
            and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are
            polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and
            difficulties in program expansion.

2184. Department of Defense . Anonymous. (1998).
            Rec#: 7068
            Keywords: Department of Defense Polygraph Institute/criminal
            investigations/counterintelligence/CSP/screening.
            Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 27, (3), 171-180.
            Abstract: A review of fiscal year 1997 polygraph test program results covers the
            number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses
            of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence
            polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of
            polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not
            otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic
            counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in
            personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence,
            counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions,
            and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are
            polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and
            difficulties in program expansion.

2185. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (1999).
            Rec#: 7070
              Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph
              programs/national security/Department of Defense.
              Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, (28) , (3), 229-239.
              Abstract: A review of fiscal year 1998 polygraph test program results covers the
              number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses
              of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence
              polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of
              polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not
              otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic
              counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in
              personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence,
              counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions,
              and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are
              polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and
              difficulties in program expansion.

2186. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (2000).
            Rec#: 7069
            Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph
            programs/national security/Department of Defense.
            Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 29,(3), 209-219.
            Abstract: A review of fiscal year 1999 polygraph test program results covers the
            number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses
            of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence
            polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of
            polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not
            otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic
            counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in
            personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence,
            counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions,
            and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are
            polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and
            difficulties in program expansion.

2187. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (2001).
            Rec#: 7408
            Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph
            programs/national security/Department of
            Defense/cases-counterintelligence/research-Department of
            Defense/screening-Department of
            Defense/applications-counterintelligence/cases-criminal/surveys-statistical.
            Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 30, (3), 153-162.
            Abstract: A review of fiscal year 2000 polygraph test program results covers the
            number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses
            of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence
            polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of
            polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not
              otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic
              counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in
              personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence,
              counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions,
              and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are
              polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and
              difficulties in program expansion.

2188. Department of Defense. Anonymous. (2002).
            Rec#: 1493
            Keywords: criminal investigations/Department of Defense-polygraph
            programs/national security/Department of
            Defense/cases-counterintelligence/research-Department of
            Defense/screening-Department of
            Defense/applications-counterintelligence/cases-criminal/surveys-statistical.
            Abstract: A review of fiscal year 2000 polygraph test program results covers the
            number and purpose of examinations conducted, results of examinations, and uses
            of examination results. In analyzing the utility of the counterintelligence
            polygraph, the report presents various categories of anecdotal accounts of
            polygraph interviews which produced data of vital security importance not
            otherwise obtainable. The report also presents results from a periodic
            counterintelligence-scope examinations and discusses the polygraph's use in
            personnel security, the positive collection effort against U.S. intelligence,
            counterespionage operations, damage assesment following espionage convictions,
            and the polygraph's deterrent value. Other issues addressed in the report are
            polygraph program expansion, polygraph training, polygraph research, and
            difficulties in program expansion.

2189. Department of Defense. Anonymous. Personnel security program. (1987 Jan). DOD
            Regulation 5200.2-R,
            Rec#: 6638
            Keywords: security programs/CSP/applications-screening/applications-federal .

2190. Department of Defense. Replies to Congressman Morehead's letter: Polygraph and
            Psychological stress evaluators, examiners. 74.
            Rec#: 6806
            Keywords: PSE/PSE-correlation to polygraph.
            Notes: Survey results.

2191. Department of Defense. Standard operating procedures(SOP), polygraph test program .
            85.
            Rec#: 6637
            Keywords: SOP/interrogation/interviews/polygraph techniques.

2192. Department of Defense Joint Services Group. Anonymous. (1968 Aug 28).
            Rec#: 1371
            Keywords: research-Department of Defense/instruments/validity-field
              examinations-panel/surveys-statistical-Department of
              Defense/instruments-computers.
              Notes: FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY.

2193. Department of Defense Regulation Number 5210.48-R. (1985). DoD Polygraph
            Program. Washington, DC: Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense
            Policy.
            Rec#: 1373
            Keywords: regulations-Department of Defense/screening-Department of
            Defense/applications-counterintelligence/examiners-training/examiners-selection/
            instruments-Department of Defense/Department of Defense.
            Notes: Republished in Polygraph Law Review, 8.

2194. DePaulo, B.M. (1988). Nonverbal aspects of deception. Journal of Nonverbal
            Behavior, 12, 153-161.
            Rec#: 9765
            Keywords: nonverbal behavior/verbal cues/nonverbal cues.

2195. DePaulo, B.M. (1994). Spotting lies: Can humans learn to do better? Current
            Directions in Psychological Science , 3, 83-86.
            Rec#: 4889
            Keywords: deception detection/lying/nonverbal detection of deception.
            Abstract: Studied whether people would be better lie detectors if they were
            forewarned of the possibility that another person might be lying to them, or if
            they had more experience in lie detection. Suspicious interviewers did not become
            any more accurate at telling truth-tellers from liars (C. Toris and B. M. DePaulo;
            see PA, Vol 72:14527). When groups such as law enforcement officers and
            students were compared in their ability to detect deception, no significant
            differences in ability were seen, though the officers were more experienced at
            dealing with deception in their daily work. The article concludes with an
            analysis of how lies differ from truths and certain nonverbal signs that may be
            signs of deception.

2196. DePaulo, Bella M. Success at detecting deception: Liability or skill? 80.
            Rec#: 1383
            Keywords: deception/detection of deception/ethics.
            Notes: Paper presented at the Conference on Clever Hans Phenomenon, New
            York Academy of Sciences, New York, NY.

2197. DePaulo, B.M., Jordan, A., Irvine, A., & Laser, P.S.L. (1982). Age changes in the
            detection of deception. Child Development, 53, 701-709.
            Rec#: 1385
            Keywords: lying-children/research-nonverbal detection of
            deception-age/research-nonverbal detection of deception/personality
            variables-children/nonverbal detection of deception-children/research-nonverbal
            detection of deception-children.
2198. DePaulo, B.M., Kashy, D.A., Kirkendol, S.E., Wyer, M.M., & Epstein, J.A. (1996).
            Lying in everyday life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70,
            979-995.
            Rec#: 4570
            Keywords: deception.
            Abstract: 77 college students reported telling 2 lies a day, and 70 community
            members told 1. Participants told more self-centered lies than other-oriented lies,
            except in dyads involving only women, in which other oriented lies were as
            common as self centered ones.

2199. DePaulo, Bella M. and Kirkendol, Susan E. Can liars control themselves? 86.
            Rec#: 8504
            Keywords: lying-credibility/lying-verbal behavior/lying-nonverbal behavior.
            Notes: Paper presented at the American Psychological Association conference,
            Washington, DC.

2200. DePaulo, B.M.,, & Kirkendol, S.E. J.C. Yuille. (1989). The motivational impairment
            effect in the communication of deception. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer
            Academic Publishers. 51-70 p. 47 . 0-7923-0195-1 (hardcover).
            Rec#: 1384
            Keywords: behavioral indicators.
            Abstract: In the communication of deception, there is a "motivational
            impairment" effect: people who are more highly motivated to succeed with their
            lives (compared to thosed who are less motivated) are less successful at doing so
            whenever observers can see or hear their nonverbal behaviors.

2201. DePaulo, B.M., Kirkendol, S.E., Tang, J., & O'Brien, T.P. (1988). The motivational
            impairment effect in the communication of deception: Replication and extensions.
            Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 12, 177-202.
            Rec#: 1386
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

2202. DePaulo, B.M., Lanier, K., & Davis T. (1983). Detecting the deceit of the motivated
            liar. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 1096-1103.
            Rec#: 1387
            Keywords: detection of deception/verbal cues/nonverbal cues/motivation.

2203. DePaulo, B.M., Lassiter, G.D., & Stone, J.I. (1982). Attentional determinants of success
            at detecting deception and truth. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 8,
            273-279.
            Rec#: 1388
            Keywords: visual cues/verbal cues/vocal cues-tone/detection of deception.

2204. DePaulo, B.M., LeMay, C.S., & Epstein, J.A. (1991). Effects of importance of success
            and expectations for success on effectiveness at deceiving.
            Personality-and-Social-Psychology-Bulletin, 17, 14-24.
            Rec#: 9766
              Keywords:
              MOTIVATION/DECEPTION/INTERPERSONAL-COMMUNICATION/CREDI
              BILITY/EXPECTATIONS/ADULTHOOD.
              Abstract: When people are motivated to tell an effective lie, they are less
              successful when others can observe their nonverbal cues. It was predicted that
              expectations for success would moderate this motivational impairment effect,
              such that it would occur primarily when expectations were low. 96
              undergraduate women who thought of themselves as very independent told 2
              stories (1 true, 1 fabricated) that illustrated their dependence and 2 that illustrated
              independence to an interviewer described as very trusting (high expectations for
              success) or very wary (low expectations). They either expected to be evaluated
              by the interviewer (high importance of success) or did not (low importance). Ss'
              lies were especially detectable when it was important to succeed but when they
              had low expectations for success.

2205. DePaulo, B.M., & Pfeifer, R.L. (1986). On the job experience and skill at detecting
            deception. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 16, 249-267.
            Rec#: 1389
            Keywords: detection of deception /nonverbal cues/verbal cues.
            Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 19(2), 103.

2206. DePaulo, B.M., & Rosenthal, R. (1979). Telling lies. Journal of Personality and Social
            Psychology, 37, 1713-1722.
            Rec#: 1392
            Keywords: detection of deception/verbal cues/nonverbal cues/Machiavellianism .
            Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 9, 54.

2207. DePaulo, B.M., Rosenthal, R., Green, C.R., & Rosenkrantz, J. (1982). Diagnosing
            deceptive and mixed messages from verbal and nonverbal cues. Journal of
            Experimental Social Psychology, 18, 433-446.
            Rec#: 8524
            Keywords: detection of deception/paralinguistic indicators/nonverbal cues.

2208. DePaulo, B.M., Rosenthal, R., Rosenkrantz, J., & Green, C.R. (1982). Actual and
            perceived cues to deception: A closer look at speech. Basic and Applied
            Psychology, 3, 291-312.
            Rec#: 8514
            Keywords: paralinguistic indicators-speech rate/vocal cues.

2209. DePaulo, B.M., Stone, J.I., & Lassiter, G.D. B.R. Schlenker. (1985). Deceiving and
            detecting deceit. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co. - p.
            Rec#: 1394
            Keywords: deception detection/validity-nonverbal detection of
            deception/bibliographies-nonverbal detection of deception/leakage/nonverbal
            cues/verbal cues/deception.

2210. DePaulo, B.M., Stone, J.I., & Lassiter, G.D. (1985). Telling ingratiating lies: Effects of
              target sex and target attractiveness on verbal and nonverbal deceptive success.
              Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 1191-1203.
              Rec#: 1395
              Keywords: nonverbal cues/verbal cues/subjects-attractiveness/sex
              differences/detection of deception.

2211. DePaulo, B.M., Tang, J., & Stone, J.I. (1987). Physical attractiveness and skill at
            detecting deception. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 13, 177-187.
            Rec#: 1396
            Keywords: deception detection skill/skill specificity formulation.

2212. DePaulo, B.M., Zuckerman, M., & Rosenthal, R. (1980). The deceptions of everyday
            life. Journal of Communication, 30, 216-218.
            Rec#: 1397
            Keywords: detection of deception/ethics/lying.

2213. DePaulo, B.M., Zuckerman, M., & Rosenthal, R. L. Wheeler & P. Shaver. (1980).
            Detecting deception: Modality effects. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.
            125-162 p.
            Rec#: 1399
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

2214. DePaulo, B.M., Zuckerman, M., & Rosenthal, R. (1980). Humans as lie detectors.
            Journal of Communication, 30, Spring, 129-139.
            Rec#: 1398
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

2215. DePaulo, P.J., & DePaulo, B.M. (1989). Can deception by salespersons and customers
            be detected through nonverbal behavioral cues? Journal of Applied Social
            Psychology, 19, 1552-1577.
            Rec#: 9201
            Keywords: nonverbal cues/detection of deception.

2216. DePaulo, Peter J. and DePaulo, Bella M. Nonverbal communication of affect and
            attempted deception among retail salespersons and automobile customers. 86.
            Rec#: 8534
            Keywords: behavioral cues/nonverbal detection of deception/nonverbal
            communication/communication-deceptive.
            Notes: Paper presented at the meeting of the American Marketing Association
            Educators' Conference, Chicago, IL.

2217. Der "lügendetektor". L. Schneider. (1991). Tübingen, Germany: Attempto Verlag.
             131-166 p. 3-89308-119-4.
             Rec#: 9261
             Keywords: Germany/behavioral cues/GKT/CQT.
             Notes: [text in German] This is volume 7 of the series: Neue Methoden im Recht
             [New Methods in Law]. Chapter 5 deals with the polygraph. It reviews the
              German polygraph literature, concluding that a DI result on a GKT is good
              evidence of guilt, that an NDI result on a CQT is good evidence of innocence.
              Schneider concludes that although German law does not permit the polygraph to
              be used as evidence on a defendant, it ought to facilitate the investigation.

2218. Desforges, D.M., & Lee, T.C. (1995). Detecting deception is not as easy as it looks.
             Teaching of Psychology, 22, 128-130.
             Rec#: 4856
             Keywords: deception detection/detection of deception.
             Notes: Also published in Handbook of demonstrations and activities in the
             teaching of psychology, , 2nd ed., Vol. 3, pp. 271-272, Lawrence Erlbaum, 2000.

2219. Deshere, E. (1960). Hypnosis in interrogation. Studies in Intelligence, 51-64.
            Rec#: 7402
            Keywords: interrogation/hypnosis.

2220. Desroches, F.J., & Thomas, A.S. (1985). The police use of the polygraph in criminal
            investigations. Canadian Journal of Criminology, 26, 43-66.
            Rec#: 1404
            Keywords: cases-general-Canada/applications-criminal
            investigations-Canada/surveys-Canada/Canada/validity-field
            examinations-Canada.
            Abstract: The polygraph examination is composed of a number of procedures; the
            examiner must become familiar with the facts of the case, conduct a pretest
            interview, administer the test, and interpret the results. Following the
            administration of the test, the examiner compares and quantitatively scores each
            graph, searches for consistency in the subject's physiological responses, and
            determines whether he/she has been truthful or deceptive or whether the test is
            inconclusive. Once the examiner has made his/her determination, he/she informs
            the subject of the results. Findings from a sample of cases indicate theat slightly
            more than 50 percent of the subjects were judged to be truthful, slightly less than
            40 percent were thought to be deceptive, and 10 percent were classified as
            inconclusive. Approximately one-half of all inconclusive cases can be resolved
            upon reexamination. Although polygraph results are not used in criminal courts
            in Canada, the police have found the polygraph an effective tool in eliminating
            subjects, determining whether a crime has been committed, obtaining admissions
            of guilt, and gathering additional information. The polygraph is not infallible; it
            is subject to both misuse and abuse. However, the polygraph has nonetheless
            proven helpful in determining the truth in criminal invesetigations. Further, its
            contribution is particularly unique, because it often successfully resolves a crime
            when other investigative techniques have failed. Eighteen references are
            included.

2221. Dession, G.H., Freedman, L.Z., & Donnelly, R.C. (1953). Drug induced revelation and
             criminal investigation. Yale Law Journal, 62, 315-344.
             Rec#: 1405
             Keywords: narcoanalysis.
2222. deTurck, Mark A. A behavioral analysis of deception detection. 87.
            Rec#: 1409
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.
            Notes: Paper presented at the Federal Interagency Polygraph Seminar, FBI
            Academy, Quantico, VA.

2223. deTurck, M.A. (1991). Training observers to detect spontaneous deception: Effects of
            gender. Communication Reports, 4, 81-89.
            Rec#: 1410
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/deception cues/indices of
            deception/gender.

2224. deTurck, M.A., & Goldhaber, G.M. (1988). Perjury and deceptive judgments: How the
            timing and modality of witness deception affects jurors' deceptive judgments.
            Communications Quarterly, 36, 276-289.
            Rec#: 1411
            Keywords: judgment/deception/perjury/jurors/modality/timing.

2225. deTurck, M.A., Harszlak, J.J., Bodhorn, D.J., & Texter, L.A. (1990). The effects of
            training social perceivers to detect deception from behavioral cues.
            Communication Quarterly, 38, 189-199.
            Rec#: 1412
            Keywords: behavioral cues/nonverbal detection of deception/verbal
            behavior/deception cues.

2226. deTurck, M.A., & Miller, G.R. (1985). Deception and arousal: Isolating the behavioral
            correlates of deception. Human Communication Research, 12, 181-201.
            Rec#: 1413
            Keywords: nonverbal cues/verbal cues/arousal
            /electrodermal/communication-deceptive .

2227. deTurck, M.A., & Miller, G.R. (1990). Training observers to detect deception: Effects
            of self-monitoring and rehearsal. Human Communication Research, 16,
            603-620.
            Rec#: 1414
            Keywords: deception detection/self-monitoring/rehearsal/Behavioral cues.
            Abstract: Predicted that the highest deception detection accuracy (DDA) would be
            found among 195 undergraduate trained observers judging the veracity of low
            self-monitors (16 undergraduates) and unrehearsed liars (16 undergraduates),
            whereas the lowest DDA would be found among 195 undergraduate untrained
            observers judging the veracity of high self-monitors and rehearsed deceivers. It
            also was hypothesized that the discrepancy between observers' ability to detect
            deception and their certainty in the accuracy of their judgments would be smaller
            for trained observers than for untrained observers. Observers trained to detect
            deception used 6 behavioral cues, based on research by M. A. deTurck and G. R.
            Miller (see PA, Vol 74:3995). These cues were message duration, response
            latency, adaptors, pauses, nonfluencies, and hand gestures. Results confirm both
              hypotheses.

2228. deTurck, M.A., & Steele, M.E. (1988). Once a liar, always a liar: Effects of
            individuating information on the utilization of base-rates in deceptive attributions.
            Communication Reports, 1, 60-67.
            Rec#: 1415
            Keywords: deceptive attribution/base rate .

2229. deTurck, M.A., Texter, L.A., & Harszlak, J.J. (1989). Effects of information processing
            objectives on judgments of deception following perjury. Communication
            Research Reports, 16, 434-452.
            Rec#: 1416
            Keywords: cognition/jurors.

2230. Detzer, K. (1953). Don't underestimate the lie detector: Polygraph test. Reader's
             Digest, 63, 49-52.
             Rec#: 1417
             Keywords: Reid, John E./cases-general.

2231. Deutsch, H. (1982). On the pathological lie (Pseudologia phantastica). The Journal of
            The American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 10, 369-386.
            Rec#: 1418
            Keywords:
            lying-psychopaths/psychopaths/psychology-fantasy/lying-fantasy/lying-pathologi
            cal/personality variables-psychopaths.
            Notes: Paper presented to the Vienna Psychoanalytical Society, 1921, 30 March .
            Translated by Eric Mosbacker; Introduction by Paul Roazen.

2232. Devine, D. Anonymous. Benefits derived from corporate polygraph program. Jack
            Eckerd Drug Company memorandum. (1978 Jan 25).
            Rec#: 1421
            Keywords: screening-commercial-drug industry/surveys-pharmacies.

2233. Devine, D., & Bayh, B. (1980). Polygraphs: Should they be used in business? Drug
            Topics, 124, 12-16.
            Rec#: 1422
            Keywords: screening-commercial-drug industry.

2234. Devitt, M.K. (1992 Dec). A study of the relative accuracy of discriminant analysis,
              logistic regression, and back propogation neural network classifiers in a
              psychophysiological detection of deception problem.
              Rec#: 8544
              Keywords: statistical analysis/reliability/jackknife analysis/discriminant
              analysis/logistic regression/neural networks/dissertations and theses.
              Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.

2235. Devitt, Mary K., Honts, Charles R., and Peters, Douglas P. Truth or just bias: The
              presentation of polygraph testing in introductory psychology texts. 92.
              Rec#: 6302
              Keywords: textbooks-bias/research-attitudes.
              Notes: Paper presented at the Red River Psychology Conference, Fargo, ND.

2236. Devitt, M.K., Honts, C.R., & Vondergeest, L. (1997). Truth or just bias: The treatment
              of the psychophysiological detection of deception in introductory psychology
              textbooks. The Journal of Credibility Assessment and Witness Psychology, 1,
              9-32.
              Rec#: 7028
              Keywords: detection of deception/preemployment screening/security clearance.
              Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 27, (2), 123-148.

2237. Devitt, Mary K., Peters, Douglas P., Honts, Charles R., and Amato, Susan L. A study of
              the willingness of children to make a false accusation about a serious matter. 92.
              Rec#: 6929
              Keywords: False statements/children/credibility assessment.
              Notes: Paper presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Il Ciocco, Italy,
              May 1992.

2238. DeWitt, C.B. (1993). New approach to interviewing children: A test of its
            effectiveness. Polygraph, 22, 180-193.
            Rec#: 1423
            Keywords: cognitive interview.

2239. Diangson, C.R. (1961). Communication to the editors: Reservations on the polygraph.
            Studies in Intelligence, 5, 58-60.
            Rec#: 7698
            Keywords: interrogation/interviewing/validity/counterintelligence.

2240. Diaz, R. (1985). The effects of pre-experimental expectancy, opinion and demonstration
             of accuracy on the physiological detection of information. Dissertation Abstracts
             International, 47: (2B). 823
             Rec#: 1425
             Keywords: research-stimulation tests/validity-guilty knowledge
             test/theory-expectancy/dissertations and theses/stimulus tests/techniques-guilty
             knowledge test-electrodermal.
             Notes: (University microfilm No. AAD86-09293), 118 p.

2241. Dickson, B. (1986). Pre-employment polygraph screening of police applicants. FBI
            Law Enforcement Bulletin, 55, 7-9.
            Rec#: 1428
            Keywords: screening-police/Florida/surveys/quality control.

2242. Diekhoff, G.M. (1976). Effects of feedback in a forced-choice GSR detection task.
            Psychophysiology, 13, 22-26.
            Rec#: 1429
            Keywords: polygraph-research-laboratory/techniques-POT.
2243. Dienstein, W. (1957). The importance of words in questioning techniques. Police, 11,
             47-51.
             Rec#: 1430
             Keywords: question formulation-semantics/pretest interview.

2244. Dienstein, W. (1961). Morality and lie detection. Newsletter of the Academy for
             Scientific Interrogation, 4-6.
             Rec#: 8926
             Keywords: morality.

2245. Dienstein, W. (1964). Morality and lie detection. Police, 8, 35-38.
             Rec#: 1432
             Keywords: ethics.

2246. Dienstein, W. V.A. Leonard. (1957). The rights of the subject in lie detector
             interrogation.  Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 53-72 p.
             Rec#: 1431
             Keywords: law-rights/subjects-rights.

2247. Dillingham, Christopher R., III. Would pinocchio's eyes have revealed his lies? A study
             of eye movements as indicators of deception. University of Central Florida. 98.
             Rec#: 7579
             Keywords: eye movement/detection of deception.
             Notes: Master Thesis.

2248. Dimc, K., & Roso, Z. (1974). Ubojstvo indicirano poligrafom i dokazano balistickom
            ekspertizom [The murder discovered by the polygraph technique and proved by
            ballistic test]. Plirucnik za Strucno Obrazovanje Radnika Unutrasnjih Poslova
            [Journal for Police Officers, Zagreb, Yugoslavia], 523-529.
            Rec#: 1433
            Keywords: Case report/Croatia.
            Notes: [text in Serbo-Croatian].

2249. DiPietro, A.L. (1993). Lies, promises, or threats; the voluntariness of confessions.
             Polygraph, 22, 258-269.
             Rec#: 6472
             Keywords: confessions/interrogation-coercion.

2250. Director of Central Intelligence Security Committee. Anonymous. (1984 Feb 17).
             Rec#: 1436
             Keywords:
             cases-espionage/cases-counterintelligence/cases-security/applications-counterintel
             ligence.

2251. Dishlacoff, L., & Shaugnessy, R.B. Anonymous. (1964). Unpublished report to Denver
             Civil Service Commission,
             Rec#: 1444
             Keywords: screening-police/Denver Police Department.
2252. Dittrich, Jeffrey C. Uniform chart markings. 85.
              Rec#: 1448
              Keywords: test data analysis-chart markings.
              Notes: Paper presented at the Joint Polygraph Seminar held by the U.S. Army
              Military Police School Polygraph Division, the Alabama Polygraph Association,
              and Jacksonville State University.

2253. DoDPI Research Division Staff. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph
            Institute. (2001 Jan). DoDPI00-R-0002,
            Rec#: 6838
            Keywords: research-mock crime/zone comparison.
            Notes: DTIC AD Number A393379. Reprinted in Polygraph, 30,(4), 244-253.
            Abstract: The study described in this report is a continuation of research to
            develop a participant manipulation to serve as a standard procedure for laboratory
            psychophysiological detectin of deception (PDD) ressearch. The manipulatins
            used in this study were similar to one reported by Kircher (1983) of the University
            of Utah.

2254. DoDPI Research Division Staff, Meyerhoff, J.L., Saviolakis, G.A., Koenig, M.L., &
            Yourick, D. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (2001
            May). DoDPI98-R-0004,
            Rec#: 6846
            Keywords: CVSA/physiological responses/blood pressure/deception
            detection/paradigm.
            Notes: DTIC AD Number A393408.
            Abstract: A number of features of the voice have been reported to reflect
            psychological stress. If these claims were validated, this technology could have
            significant medical and deception detection applications. Unfortunately, the
            reports have been inconsistent, possibly due to failure to utilize robust stress
            paradigms supported by validated physiological and biochemical indices of stress.

2255. Anonymous. Statement of Henry S. Dogin, Deputy Assistant Attorney General,
           Criminal Division, Department of Justice on polygraphs and similar devices.
           ed. Washington, DC: GPO.
           Rec#: 1451
           Keywords: legislation-federal/applications-federal-FBI/Federal Bureau of
           Investigation.

2256. Dohm, T.E., & Iacono, W.G. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute.
            (1993 Jul). DoDPI93-R-0006,
            Rec#: 1452
            Keywords: validity/research-field/ground truth/confession-verified polygraph
            tests/reliability/field application.
            Notes: DTIC AD Number A305747.
            Abstract: This study was conducted to determine whether a panel of individuals
            could accurately determine ground truth by reviewing case material contained in
            the files of individuals who underwent confession-verified polygraph tests.
              Panels were presented with all case material collected prior to the conduct of the
              polygraph exam. To determine how well panels could decide ground truth, the
              reliability with which panelists arrived at decisions of suspect-guilt and innocence
              was determined, and the validity of their decision was evaluated by tests. The
              study was based on selected specific-incident criminal investigative files
              requested from the military. Files were sanitized (removing all identifying
              information) with case material placed in chronological order and abstracted.
              Twenty-seven confession-verified multiple suspect criminal investigation files
              were then selected and reviewed by three six-member panels consisting of lay
              persons, police investigators, and attorneys. The results indicated that panelists,
              regardless of their professional backgrounds, could not decide which individuals
              committed crimes with high reliability. The decisions of the panelists were not
              accurate: their decisions did not match the ground truth criterion. These results
              indicated that it is unlikely that panels can be used to establish ground truth with
              any degree of confidence. Field studies of polygraph validity must use some
              other procedure to establish ground truth.

2257. Doll, R.E., Law, J. G., Jr., & Piotrowski, C. Anonymous. Department of Defense
             Polygraph Institute. (1990 May). DoDPI90-R-0004,
             Rec#: 1455
             Keywords: cultural influences/cross-cultural differences/anxiety/literature review.
             Notes: DTIC AD Number A304505.
             Abstract: This report contains the results of a literary review of cultural factors
             which could influence the validity of polygraph examinations. Five general
             cultural factors were selected for the study. For the purpose of this review,
             culture is defined by geographic area. The methodology consisted of a computer
             search of 11 databases. Telephone interviews were conducted with individuals
             actively involved in cultural research. Finally, an on-site visit to the University
             of Florida was conducted to allow for review of the Human Relations Area Files
             (HRAF). In addition to the literature review, a rational deductive approach is
             developed based upon Hofstede's model of cultural differentiation.

2258. Dollins, A.B. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1995).
             DoDPI95-R-0003,
             Rec#: 9188
             Keywords: ANOVA/analysis of variance/lambda/alpha/beta/effect
             size/algorithm/statistical power/computation guide/computation guide/statistical
             power.
             Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 30, (4), 260-287. DTIC AD Number A300769.
             Abstract: This manuscript provides a step-by step guide to statistical power
             calculation for the fixed effects of analysis of variance (ANOVA) designs with an
             equal number of observations in each cell. A brief history of ANOVA
             hypothesis testing theory is included to explain why power calculation is
             important and how the results can be used. The relationoship between lambda,
             the noncentrality parameter used to calculate power in the ANOVA, and Cohen's
             (1988) measure of effect size is provided. Algorithms are provided for power
             calculation and for conversion between lambda, Cohen's measure of effect size,
              and phi--the parameter used in many tables of the noncentral F distribution. The
              appendices contain power of calculation examples for the main and interaction
              effects of 2 x 3 x 3 between- and within- subjects designs.

2259. Dollins, A.B. (1998). A guide to Department of Defense polygraph institute research
             interests. Polygraph, 27, 89-95.
             Rec#: 7074
             Keywords: automated testing /cardiovascular/question formulation/semantic
             conditioning.

2260. Dollins, A.B., Cestaro, V.L., & Pettit, D.J. Anonymous. Department of Defense
             Polygraph Institute. (1995 Apr). DoDPI94-R-0013,
             Rec#: 9173
             Keywords: peak of tension/repeated
             measures/respiration/electrodermal-GSR/heart rate/power analysis.
             Notes: DTIC AD Number A299024. Reprinted in Polygraph, 29, (4), 305-320.
             Abstract: Physiological measures were recorded during repeated
             psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD) tests to determine if
             physiologic response levels change with test repetition. Two groups of 22
             healthy male subjects completed six Peak of Tension PDD tests on each of two
             test days. A minimum between test day interval of six days was maintained.
             The treatment group was programmed to respond deceptively to one of seven test
             questions while the control group was programmed to respond truthfully to all
             questions. The respiration and Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) line lengths, GSR
             peak response amplitude and latency, and cardiovascular inter-beat-interval (IBI)
             were calculated for each response. Analyses indicated that: except for GSR peak
             response latency, differential physiological reactivity during a PDD test did not
             change significantly during repeated tests or days; there was a decrease in average
             respiration line lengths during the beginning test(s) of each day; and, differential
             changes in average respiration line length, GSR peak latency, and cardiovascular
             IBI responses corresponded to deception. Power analyses are presented to assist
             in result interpretation. It is suggested that PDD decision accuracy, concerning
             subject veracity, should not decrease during repeated testing.

2261. Dollins, A.B., Cestaro, V.L., & Pettit, D.J. (1998). Efficacy of repeated
             psychophysiological detection of deception testing. Journal of Forensic Science,
             43, 1016-1023.
             Rec#: 7535
             Keywords: detection of deception/peak of tension/habituation/repeated
             measures/respiration/galvanic skin response/heart rate/statistical
             analysis/deception/habituation/physiological-correlates/cardiovascular-reactivity/
             galvanic skin response.
             Abstract: Physiological measures were recorded during repeated
             psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD) tests to determine if reaction
             levels change with test repetition. Two groups of 22 healthy male Ss (aged 19-47
             yrs) completed 6 peak of tension PDD tests on each of 2 test days. A minimum
             between test day interval of 6 days was maintained. The treatment group was
             programmed to respond deceptively to 1 of 7 test questions while the control
             group was programmed to respond truthfully to all questions. The respiration and
             galvanic skin resistance (GSR) line lengths, GSR peak response amplitude and
             latency, and cardiovascular inter-beat-interval (IBI) were calculated for each
             response. Analyses indicated that, except for GSR peak response latency,
             differential physiological reactivity during a PDD test did not change significantly
             over repeated tests or days; there was a decrease in average respiration line
             lengths at the initial test(s) of each day; and differential changes in average
             respiration line length, GSR peak latency, and cardiovascular IBI responses
             corresponded to deception. Power analyses were calculated to assist in result
             interpretation. It is suggested that PDD decision accuracy, concerning subject
             veracity, should not decrease during repeated testing.

2262. Dollins, A.B., Krapohl, D.J., & Dutton, D. Anonymous. Department of Defense
             Polygrpah Institute. (1999). DoDPI99--R-0001,
             Rec#: 5382
             Keywords: PDD/accuracy/CPS/identification/polyscore/computer
             program/comparison/veracity/chart analysis/test data analysis.
             Notes: DTIC AD Number A379990. Published in Polygraph, 29, (3) , 237-243 as
             Computer Algorithm Comparison.
             Abstract: This preliminary study was completed to determine if accuracy
             differences exist among computer programs designed to render decisions using
             data collected during psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD)
             examinations. Final report date May 1996-November 1999.

2263. Dollins, A.B., Krapohl, D.J., & Dutton, D.W. (2000). Computer algorithm comparison.
             Polygraph, 29, 237-247.
             Rec#: 6999
             Keywords: accuracy/algorithm/polyscore/chart analysis/comparison/computer
             program/CPS/Identifi/veracity.
             Abstract: This preliminary study was completed to determine if accuracy
             differences exist among computer programs designed to render decisions using
             data collected during psychophysiological detection of deception (PDD)
             examinations.

2264. Domenici, Pete. Domenici wants review committee to weigh polygraph benefits to DOE
           lab security. 3pgs. 2001.
           Rec#: 7244
           Keywords: validity/false positive/polygraph general.
           Notes: Press release.

2265. Donnelly, John F. High tech gays vs. disco. 87.
            Rec#: 6785
            Keywords: counterintelligence/Department of
            Defense/espionage/litigation/homosexuality.

2266. Doran, W.Y. (1982). Opening address at the Federal Interagency Polygraph Seminar,
              Quantico, Virginia, June 14. APA Newsletter, 15, 30
              Rec#: 1460
              Keywords: applications-national security/training-federal.

2267. Dougherty, D. Anonymous. Critique of DoD (1984), The accuracy and utility of
            polygraph testing, and comparison with OTA report, The scientific validity of
            polygraph testing: A research review and evaluation. Office of Technology
            Assessment, United States Congress. (1984 Apr 25).
            Rec#: 1464
            Keywords: OTA report/validity/reliability/legislation-federal/surveys.

2268. Douglas, D.W. Anonymous. (1953). The psychogalvanic reflex: Its theory, applications
            and measurement by the metrigraph psychogalvanometer Model 85DA, with
            special emphasis on lie detection. Van Nuys, CA: Thompson Metrigraph
            Instrument Company.
            Rec#: 1465
            Keywords: electrodermal-GSR/instruments-electrodermal/Thompson metrigraph.

2269. Douglas, J.E. (1992). [Review of the book Catching serial killers]. Polygraph, 21,
            161-162.
            Rec#: 1466
            Keywords: book reviews.

2270. Douglas, P.L. (1979). Address by the Honorable Paul L. Douglas, Attorney General of
            the State of Nebraska. Polygraph, 8, 100-103.
            Rec#: 1468
            Keywords: legislation-state/Nebraska/public relations.

2271. Drake, L., & Moskowitz, R. (1997). Your rights in the workplace. Occupational
             Outlook Quarterly, 41, 14-21.
             Rec#: 6423
             Keywords: sexual harassment.

2272. Drdak, R.J. (2000). Polygraph and investigation, perfect partners: A case study.
             Polygraph, 29, 326-329.
             Rec#: 7330
             Keywords: cases-burglary/applications-criminal cases/interrogation-burglary.

2273. Dreiband, S. (1978). Polygraph as a scientific aid to law enforcement. Polygraph, 7,
             253-256.
             Rec#: 1474
             Keywords: examiners-federal/quality control-federal/surveys-statistical.
             Notes: [The lecture of Major General Paul Timmerburg.].

2274. Dripps, D.A. (1996). Police, plus perjury, equals polygraph. The Journal of Criminal
             Law & Criminology, 86, 693-716.
             Rec#: 6500
             Keywords: Supreme Court/evidence/credibility assessment.
              Abstract: Propses a new strategy for dealing with the problem of police perjury.
              He argues that courts deciding supression motions should admit expert testimony
              based on polygraph examinations and draw a negative deduction from the failure
              to introduce such evidence whenever the result of the dispute relies on the
              credibility of opposing testimony given by the defendant and the police.

2275. Dripps, D.A. (1998). Polygraph evidence after United States v. Scheffer. Trial, 34,
             75-77.
             Rec#: 7644
             Keywords: eyewitness testimony/evidence/credibility
             assessment/reliability/admissibility/Supreme Court.

2276. Dripps, D.A. (1998). Supreme Court reveiw: Polygraph evidence after United States v.
             Scheffer. Trial, 34, 75-77.
             Rec#: 7423
             Keywords: admissibility-courts martial/Scheffer case.

2277. Driscoll, B.V. (1990). The Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988: a balance of
             interests. Iowa Law Review, 75, 539-566.
             Rec#: 9772
             Keywords: EPPA.

2278. Driscoll, J. (1985). Polygraph technique in search of a foolproof stim test. Texas
             Association of Polygraph Examiners Newsletter, 6-7.
             Rec#: 1477
             Keywords: stimulation tests.

2279. Driscoll, L.N. (1994). A Validity Assessment Of Written Statements From Suspects In
             Criminal Investigations Using The Scan Technique. Police Studies, 17, 77-88.
             Rec#: 9590
             Keywords: suspects statements-validity/criminal investigations/SCAN.

2280. Driscoll, L.N., Honts, C.R., & Jones, D. (1987). The validity of the positive control
             physiological detection of deception technique. Journal of Police Science and
             Administration, 15, 46-50.
             Rec#: 1478
             Keywords: techniques-PCQT/validity/test data analysis.
             Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 16(3), 218-225.

2281. DuBois, E.L., III. Gordon H. Barland. (Jul 3 1984).
            Rec#: 8554
            Keywords: applications-criminal suspects/hypnotic polygraph techniques.
            Notes: Letter and related documents regarding journal article by Dr. Charles
            Mutter.

2282. Dufek, M. (1969). A contribution on the problem of polygraph examination.
             Czechoslovak Criminalistics, -
             Rec#: 1480
              Keywords: polygraph-general/research-peak of tension/techniques-peak of
              tension/validity-peak of tension-laboratory/Czechoslovakia/East
              Germany/Switzerland/Atomic Energy Commission/history.
              Notes: [English translation].

2283. Dufek, M. (1970). Emoce a Polygraf [Emotion and the polygraph]. Prokuratura, 3,
             103-106.
             Rec#: 1482
             Keywords: emotion/EEG/electromyography/validity/peak of tension
             /movement-body.
             Notes: [text in Czech; English translation available].

2284. Dufek, M. Anonymous. (1974). Nektere problemy soudni psychiatrie [Some problems
             of forensic psychiatry]. Prague: Charles University. - p.
             Rec#: 1484
             Keywords: forensic psychiatry.
             Notes: translation only, published in Polygraph, 13, (4), 346-347.

2285. Dufek, M. (1969). Prispevek k Problematice Polygrafickeho Vysetrovani [A
             Contribution on the Problem of Polygraph Examination]. Ceskoslovenska
             Kriminalistika, 2, 139-143.
             Rec#: 1481
             Keywords: polygraph-general/research-peak of tension/techniques-peak of
             tension/validity-peak of tension-laboratory/Czechoslovakia/East
             Germany/Switzerland/Atomic Energy Commission/history.
             Notes: [text in Czech; English translation available record 1480].

2286. Dufek, M., Widacki, J., & Valkova, V. (1975). Eksperymentalne badania przydatnosci
             poligrafu do przeszukania pomieszcen [Experimental studies of the use of the
             polygraph, the house search]. Archiwum Medycyny Sadowej i Krjminologii, 25,
             163-166.
             Rec#: 1485
             Keywords: techniques-POT/Czechoslovakia/Poland.

2287. Duffy, P.J. (1989). The employee polygraph protection act of 1988. CUPA Journal,
             29-42.
             Rec#: 9140
             Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/EPPA.

2288. Duggar, R. Anonymous. (1984). Passing the pre-employment lie detector test.
            Command Publications.
            Rec#: 1487
            Keywords: countermeasures/screening-preemployment.

2289. Dujack, S.R. (1986). Lies from the lie detector - Polygraph fever. New Republic, 195,
            10-11.
            Rec#: 1488
              Keywords: criticism-general/applications-national security/National Security
              Council/Lykken, David T.

2290. Dulaney, E.F. (1982). Changes in language behavior as a function of veracity. Human
            Communication Research, 9, 75-82.
            Rec#: 1489
            Keywords: verbal cues/content analysis/lexical analysis.

2291. Dumaine, B. (1987). The new art of hiring smart. Fortune, 116, 78-81.
            Rec#: 1491
            Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment.

2292. Duncan-Johnson, Connie C. and Donchin, Emanuel. On quantifying surprise: The
            variation of event related potentials with subjective probability. San Diego. 76.
            Rec#: 6716
            Keywords: P300/stimulus/EEG/ERP.

2293. Dunlap, A. D.C. Dilworth. (1977). Why no lie detector for the Lindbergh case?
            Gaithersburg, MD: International Association of Chiefs of Police. 153-158 p.
            Rec#: 1492
            Keywords: Lindbergh case.

2294. Dunn, D.H. (1981). When a lie detector is part of the job interview. Business Week,
            85-86.
            Rec#: 1495
            Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment.

2295. Durand, P.P. (1974). The polygraph and the criminal law: An overview. Polygraph,
            3, 395-400.
            Rec#: 1496
            Keywords: admissibility-stipulated/Law.

2296. Durandin, G. (1977). De la difficulte a mentir: Etude phenomenologique et
            experimentale [Of the difficulty of lying: A phenomenological and experimental
            study]. Paris: Narwelaertes.
            Rec#: 1497
            Keywords: theory/guilt/calculations/risk of failure/personality variables.
            Notes: [Text in French; English abstract available].
            Abstract: Based on a doctoral thesis submitted in 1971 entitled "The fundamentals
            of lying", this study explores more fully the inherent difficulties of lying and the
            physiological evidence of deceit. Partly quantitative, the hypothesis posed at the
            onset is if a tested subject admits to having difficulty or complacency in lying (in
            a general sense), does this imply a greater tendency to exhibit measurable
            physiological reactions as opposed to if the subject does not experience a
            particular negative conscience about being deceitful. A total of 204 individuals
            (63 males, 141 females) were asked a battery of questions while connected to a lie
            detector. The author consludes that the difficulty or ease a person might
              experience in lying is, in large part, independent of measurable physiological
              reactions; an individual may register deceit while telling the truth and vice-versa.

2297. Durst, Carl A. Personal interview Joseph F. Kubis. 8. 77.
             Rec#: 7417
             Keywords: Kubis, Joseph F./voice stress analysis/voice stress.

2298. Duston, B. Anonymous. Naval Ocean Systems Center . (1991 Nov). NOSC Technical
            Document,
            Rec#: 1498
            Keywords: test data analysis/Naval Ocean Systems Center/statistical algorithms.

2299. Dutton, D.W. (2000). Guide for performing the objective scoring system. Polygraph,
             29, 177-184.
             Rec#: 7000
             Keywords: 7-position scale/zone comparison/objective scoring system/test data
             analysis.

2300. Dutton, D.W. (2000). Introduction. Polygraph, 29, 1-5.
             Rec#: 7046
             Keywords: sex offenders.
             Notes: Have the standards for APA.

2301. Dworkin, J.B., & Harris, M.M. (1986). Polygraph tests - What labor abritrators need to
            know. Arbitration Journal, 41, 23-33.
            Rec#: 1499
            Keywords: law-arbitration/applications-arbitration/OTA report.

2302. Dyer, C.H. (1984). Polygraph utilization in criminal intelligence cases. Journal of
             Forensic Sciences, 24, 398
             Rec#: 1500
             Keywords: U.S. Secret Service/cases-criminal/cases-intelligence-U.S. Secret
             Service.

2303. Dykman, R.A., Reese, W.G., Galbrecht, C.R., & Thomasson, P.J. (1959).
           Psychophysiological reactions to novel stimuli: measurement adaptation and
           relationship of psychological and physiological variables in the normal human.
           Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 79, 43-107.
           Rec#: 6587
           Keywords: autonomic response/orienting response.

2304. Eakins, B.W.,, & Eakins, R.G. Samorar & Porter. (1988). Sex differences in nonverbal
             communication, (Chapter 6). 292-309 p.
             Rec#: 6593
             Keywords: nonverbal communication/sex differences.

2305. Earley, P. (1988). Spy Fiasco. Washington Post Magazine, 22-49.
              Rec#: 7302
               Keywords:
               cases-espionage/KGB/interrogation/polygraph-general-military/Lonetree,
               Clayton.

2306. Eason, R.G. (1992). [Review of the book Applications in the detection of deception].
             International Journal of Psychophysiology, 13, 305-307.
             Rec#: 6281
             Keywords: book reviews.

2307. Eastland, J.O. (1974). Marihuana-hashish epidemic and its impact on United States
             security. Polygraph, 3, 355-372.
             Rec#: 9469
             Keywords: drugs-marijuana/drugs-hashish/research/law.
             Notes: Testimony before the Senate Subcommittee on Internal Security,
             May-June 1974.

2308. Eckerle, J.S. Anonymous. (1984). SRI tonometer blood pressure measurement system -
             Operator's instruction manual. Menlo Park, CA: SRI International. 1-19 p.
             Rec#: 1502
             Keywords: instruments-tonometer/research-instruments-cardio.
             Notes: [Prepared for the FBI, Laboratory Division]. SPR project 4908.

2309. Eckerle, J.S., Eid, J.C., Frederick, J., Jeuck, P.R., Montgomery, L.D., Ploeger, D.W.,
             Taenzer, J.C., & Ward, M.M. Anonymous. (1984). Cardio activity monitoring
             for polygraph examination . Menlo Park, CA: SRI International. 1-53 p.
             Rec#: 1503
             Keywords: research-instruments-cardio/instruments-tonometer/cardio activity
             monitor.
             Notes: Contract No. J-FBI-82-108 [Prepared for the FBI] SRI Project 4908(Final
             report).

2310. Eckert, B., & Lynch, M.B. (1977). Glossary of polygraph terms. Polygraph, 6,
              189-200.
              Rec#: 1504
              Keywords: terminology.

2311. Edel, E.C., & Jacoby, J. (1975). Examiner reliability in polygraph chart analysis:
             Identification of physiological responses. Journal of Applied Psychology, 60,
             632-634.
             Rec#: 1507
             Keywords: examiner reliability/test data analysis/screening-national
             security/physiological responses.

2312. Edel, E.C., & Moore, L.A., Jr. (1984). Analysis of agreement in polygraph charts.
             Polygraph, 13, 193-197.
             Rec#: 1508
             Keywords: reliability/test data analysis/screening-national security/research-test
              data analysis-field.

2313. Edelberg, B., Orne, M., Lykken, D., Raskin, D., & Ansley, N. Anonymous. (1976 May
             05).
             Rec#: 6762
             Keywords: detection of deception/techniques/validity.

2314. Edelberg, R. (1972). Electrodermal recovery rate, goal-orientation, and aversion.
             Psychophysiology, 9, 512-520.
             Rec#: 9470
             Keywords: GSR/electrodermal recovery rate/defensive reflex/activation.
             Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 1(3), 185.

2315. Edelberg, R. Anonymous. USAF School of Aerospace Medicine. (1963 Nov).
             SAM-TDR-63-95,
             Rec#: 9768
             Keywords: skin potential/electrodermal/GSR.

2316. Edelberg, R. (1970). The information content of the recovery limb of the electrodermal
             response. Psychophysiology, 6, 527-539.
             Rec#: 9471
             Keywords: electrodermal/skin potential response/skin conductance
             response/GSR/electrodermal recovery limb.
             Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 1(2), 95.

2317. Anonymous. A new look at the initial value effect in the measurement of skin
           conductance response amplitude. ed.
           Rec#: 6715
           Keywords: skin conductance/electrodermal.
           Notes: Presented at the 18th annual meeting of the Society for
           Psychophysiological Research, Madison, Wisconsin, September 1978.

2318. Edelberg, R., & Burch, N.R. (1962). Skin resistance and galvanic skin response:
             Influence of surface variables, and methodological implications. Archives of
             General Psychiatry, 7, 163-169.
             Rec#: 9769
             Keywords: electrodermal/GSR/autonomic nervous system.

2319. Edwards, D. S.D.o.D. The Honorable Caspar Weinberger. (Nov 29 1982).
            Rec#: 1511
            Keywords: legislation-federal/screening-Department of Defense.

2320. Edwards, D. (1983). Polygraph examinations. Congressional Record, E2323-2324.
            Rec#: 1512
            Keywords: screening-government/criticism/applications-national security.
            Notes: Reprinted in APA Newsletter (1983, May/June).

2321. Edwards, Robert H. A survey: reliability of polygraph examinations conducted by
              Virginia polygraph examiners. 81.
              Rec#: 6475
              Keywords: reliability-general.
              Notes: Published in Polygraph (1981), 10(4), 229-272.
              Abstract: A questionnaire was mailed to each licensed polygraph examiner
              residing in Virginia. Information was requested for specific examinations
              conducted during 1980, including the categorizing of examination results by the
              determinations rendered, and the number and category of verified determinations.
              A total of 147 questionnaires were mailed, yielding a response rate of 48.3
              percent. A total of 77.5 percent of law enforcement examiners responded. The
              mean accuracy level for Virginia law enforcement examiners was found to 98.3
              percent. There were 16 errors in the 959 verified law enforcement examinations,
              with the mean error being 1.7 percent. A review of research on polygraph
              reliability conducted since the 1923 Frye decision (prohibiting the admission of
              polygraph results as evidence) shows the polygraph to have an accuracy level in
              the mid-90 percent range. Based upon the findings of this study, it is
              recommended that the courts accept polygraph results as circumstantial evidence
              after determining examiner qualifications and the technique used. Virginia
              should continue its licensing law requiring a high level of qualifications and
              training for examiners. Graphic data, 59 footnotes, and 39 bibliographic listings
              are provided.

2322. Egarhos, D.J. (1993). The influence polygraph and rape expert testimony has on the
            verdicts of jurors in a simulated sexual assault trial. Dissertation Abstracts
            International, 33, 668
            Rec#: 7385
            Keywords: courtroom testimony/cases-rape/sexual assault victims.
            Abstract: Mock jurors, viewed a simulated rape trial and deliberated in groups to a
            verdict. The defendant pled not guilty claiming that the intercourse between the
            complainant and himself had been consensual.

2323. Egorov, V. (2000). [Review of the book "Detektor Izhi" (lie Detector) ]. Polygraph,
            29, 199
            Rec#: 7100
            Keywords: Russian/psychophysiology/book reviews.

2324. Ehlke, R. (1985). The impact of case law and privacy law on the federal employee
             loyalty-security program. Polygraph, 14, 263-268.
             Rec#: 1517
             Keywords: law-federal-security/applications-counterintelligence.

2325. Ehrlichman, H. (1981). From gaze aversion to eye-movement suppression: An
             investigation of the cognitive interference explanation of gaze patterns during
             conversation. British Journal of Social Psychology, 20, 233-241.
             Rec#: 6660
             Keywords: eye movement/CONVERSATION/cognitive processes.
             Abstract: Assessed cognitive interference while 88 women answered questions
              when the interviewer's face was either visible on a video screen or not visible and
              when Ss were either required to look continuously at the screen or were permitted
              free eye movements. Data reveal no evidence of greater interference during
              continuous gaze at the face, providing no support for the interference explanation
              of gaze patterns. EOG recording of Ss' eye movements also indicated that the
              visual presence or absence of the face affected gaze and eye movements only
              when Ss were listening to the question. When thinking and speaking, Ss tended
              to look away from the screen and produced relatively high rates of eye
              movements irrespective of the stimulus displayed on the screen. Results suggest
              that gaze during conversation may be a function of 2 opposing tendencies--the
              tendency to monitor the other's facial expressions and the tendency to make
              saccadic eye movements during thinking and speaking.

2326. Eichelberger, Robert S. A method of interrogation. 62.
             Rec#: 1520
             Keywords: interrogation/cases-theft.
             Notes: Paper presented at the 9th annual meeting of the American Academy of
             Polygraph Examiners, Chicago, IL.

2327. Eichelberger, R.S. (1960). Sincerity of purpose. Police, 4, 52-56.
             Rec#: 1519
             Keywords: ethics/cases-rape-Mallory/interrogation-Mallory rule.

2328. Einhorn, H.J., & Hogarth, R.M. (1978). Confidence in judgment: Persistence of the
             illusion of validity. Psychological Review, 85, 395-416.
             Rec#: 7114
             Keywords: errors/feedback/judgment/prediction/statistical Probability.
             Abstract: Notes that an accumulating body of research on clinical judgment,
             decision making, and probability estimation has documented a substantial lack of
             ability of both experts and nonexperts. However, evidence shows that people have
             great confidence in their fallible judgment. This article examines how this
             contradiction can be resolved and, in so doing, discusses the relationship between
             learning and experience. The basic tasks that are considered involve judgments
             made for the purpose of choosing between actions. At some later time, outcome
             feedback is used for evaluating the accuracy of judgment. The manner in which
             judgments of the contingency between predictions and outcomes are made is
             discussed and is related to the difficulty people have in searching for
             disconfirming information to test hypotheses. A model for learning and
             maintaining confidence in one's own judgment is developed that includes the
             effects of experience and both the frequency and importance of positive and
             negative feedback.

2329. Anonymous. Age and sex interaction with electrodermal level and response. ed.
           Rec#: 6714
           Keywords: electrodermal/SCR.
           Notes: Paper presented at the 17th annual meeting of the Society for
           Psychophysiological Research, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, October 19-22, 1977.
2330. Eisenberger, R., & Shank, D.M. (1985). Personal work ethics and effort training affect
             cheating. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49, 520-528.
             Rec#: 1523
             Keywords: psychology-cheating/cheating.

2331. Ekman, P. M.D. Graham & W.F. House. (1982). Facial expression and facial nerve
            surgery. New York: Raven Press. 363-368 p.
            Rec#: 1525
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception-face/emotional expression/verbal
            cues.

2332. Ekman, P. (1981). Mistakes when deceiving. Annals of the New York Academy of
            Sciences, 364, 269-278.
            Rec#: 1524
            Keywords: nonverbal cues.

2333. Ekman, P. (1985). Telling lies: Clues to deceit in the market place, politics, and
            marriage. New York: W. W. Norton & Co.
            Rec#: 1526
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/myography-face/lying.

2334. Ekman, P. (1992). Telling Lies: Clues to deceit in the marketplace, politics, and
            marriage. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.
            Rec#: 1529
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/myography-face/lying.
            Notes: Update of 1985 edition.

2335. Ekman, P. J.C. Yuille. (1989). Why lies fail and what behaviors betray a lie.
            Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. 71-82 p. 47.
            0-7923-0195-1 (hardcover).
            Rec#: 1527
            Keywords: behavioral indicators/nonverbal behavior.
            Abstract: Provides a theoretical analysis of why some lies fail while others
            succeed and presents a discussion of its implications for the design and
            interpretation of research on deception.

2336. Ekman, P. (1989). Would a child lie? Psychology Today, 62-65.
            Rec#: 1528
            Keywords: lying-children/subjects-children.

2337. Ekman, P., Davidson, R.J., & Friesen, W.V. (1990). The Duchenne smile: Emotional
            expression and brain physiology: II. Journal of Personality and Social
            Psychology , 58, 342-353.
            Rec#: 6663
            Keywords: emotion/EEG/nonverbal behavior.
            Abstract: Facial expression, EEG, and self-report of subjective emotional
            experience were recorded while subjects individually watched both pleasant and
              unpleasant films. Smiling in which the muscle that orbits the eye is active in
              addition to the muscle that pulls the lip corners up (the Duchenne smile) was
              compared with other smiling in which the muscle orbiting the eye was not active.
              As predicted, the Duchenne smile was related to enjoyment in terms of occurring
              more often during the pleasant than the unpleasant films, in measures of cerebral
              asymmetry, and in relation to subjective reports of positive emotions, and other
              smiling was not.

2338. Ekman, P., & Friesen, W.V. (1974). Detecting deception from the body or face.
            Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 29, 288-298.
            Rec#: 1533
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception-body movement/nonverbal detection
            of deception-face.

2339. Ekman, P., & Friesen, W.V. (1982). Felt, false, and miserable smiles. Journal of
            Nonverbal Behavior, 6, 238-252.
            Rec#: 1537
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

2340. Ekman, P., & Friesen, W.V. (1969). Nonverbal leakage and cues to deception.
            Psychiatry, 32, 88-106.
            Rec#: 1530
            Keywords: nonverbal cues/leakage.

2341. Ekman, P., & Friesen, W.V. (1969). The repetoire of nonverbal behavior: Categories,
            origins, usage and coding. Semiotica, 1, 49-100.
            Rec#: 1531
            Keywords: nonverbal behavior.
            Notes: (Contract [U.S. Air Force] AF-AFOSR-67, PHS-MH-11976), 54 p.

2342. Ekman, P., Friesen, W.V., & Ancoli, S. (1980). Facial signs of emotional experience.
            Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, 1125-1143.
            Rec#: 1536
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception-face/emotion.

2343. Ekman, P., Friesen, W.V., & O'Sullivan, M. (1988). Smiles when lying. Journal of
            Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 414-420.
            Rec#: 1538
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception-face/movement-facial.
            Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph (1988), 17(3), 123-124.

2344. Ekman, P., Friesen, W.V., & Scherer, K.R. (1976). Body movement and voice pitch in
            deceptive interaction. Semiotica, 16, 23-27.
            Rec#: 1534
            Keywords: voice stress/research-nonverbal detection of deception/nonverbal
            detection of deception-body movement/vocal cues-pitch.

2345. Ekman, P., Hager, J.C., & Friesen, W.V. (1981). The symmetry of emotional and
              deliberate facial actions. Psychophysiology, 18e, 101-106.
              Rec#: 1539
              Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception-face/emotion/hemispheric
              specialization.

2346. Ekman, P., Levenson, R.W., & Friesen, W.V. (1983). Autonomic nervous system
            activity distinguishes among emotions. Science, 221, 1208-1210.
            Rec#: 1540
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

2347. Ekman, P., & O'Sullivan, M. (1991). Who can catch a liar? American Psychologist,
            46, 913-920.
            Rec#: 1542
            Keywords: lying/behavioral cues.
            Notes: Reprinted in David V. Canter, Criminal Detection and the Psychology of
            Crime (p. 129-136), Brookfield, Vermont, Dartmouth Publishing Company
            Limited.

2348. Ekman, P., & O'Sullivan, M. (1993). Who is misleading whom? A reply to Nickerson
            and Hammond. American Psychologist, 48, 989
            Rec#: 6741
            Keywords: criticism-research/ANOVA.
            Notes: A reply to an article by Carol A. Nickerson and Kenneth R. Hammond.
            Article is P 7211.

2349. Ekman, P., O'Sullivan, M., & Frank, M.G. (1999). A few can catch a liar.
            Psychological Science, 10, May, 263-266.
            Rec#: 6579
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of
            deception/deception/dishonesty/police-personnel.
            Abstract: Research suggests that most people cannot tell from demeanor when
            others are lying. Such poor performance is typical not only of lay people but also
            of most professionals concerned with lying. In this study, three professional
            groups with special interest or skill in deception, two law-enforcement groups
            (made up of 23 federal officers [mean age 40.8 yrs], 43 sheriffs [mean age 40.7
            yrs], 84 federal judges [mean age 52.4 yrs], and 36 mixed law-enforcement
            officers [mean age 34.9 yrs]) and a select group of clinical psychologists (made
            up of 107 deception- interested clinical psychologists [mean age 49.6 yrs], 209
            regular clinical psychologists [mean age 49.1 yrs], and 125 academic
            psychologists [mean age 39.2 yrs]), obtained high accuracy in judging videotapes
            of people who were lying or telling the truth about their opinions. These findings
            strengthen earlier evidence that some professional lie catchers are highly accurate,
            and that behavioral clues to lying are detectable in real time. This study also
            provides the first evidence that some psychologists can achieve high accuracy in
            catching lies.

2350. Ekman, P., O'Sullivan, M., Friesen, W.V., & Scherer, K.R. (1991). Invited article: Face,
              voice, and body in detecting deceit. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 15,
              125-135.
              Rec#: 1541
              Keywords: deception detection/nonverbal detection of deception-body
              movement/nonverbal detection of deception-face.

2351. Ekman, P., Roper, G., & Hager, J.C. (1980). Deliberate facial movement. Child
            Development, 51, 886-891.
            Rec#: 1543
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception-face/children.

2352. Eksperyment kryminalistyczny. B. Holyst. (1973). Warszwa: Panstwowe
            Wydawnictwo Naukowe. 399-402 p.
            Rec#: 2452
            Keywords: Poland/Keeler polygraph.
            Notes: [text in Polish].
            Abstract: Holyst reviews the history of studying physiological symptoms are
            linked to personal experiences and describes the U.S. "lie-detector" devices
            constructed in the 1920s, including the current Keeler polygraph. He discusses
            the diagnostic value of the "lie-detector" tests, the results of which are at best
            inconclusive but which can aid in gathering material evidence. He cites a legal
            code that gives the suspect the right to refuse the test. Holyst also relates the
            importance of experienced psychologists in decreasing errors in the examinations.
            He mentions the first use of the lie detector test in Poland and explains the impact
            of the court verdict.

2353. Elaad, E. (1994). The accuracy of human decisions and objective measurements in
             psychophysiological detection of knowledge. Journal of Psychology , 128,
             267-280.
             Rec#: 9270
             Keywords: respiration-line length/skin resistance/response-amplitude/human
             respiration response evaluation/guilty knowledge.
             Abstract: Examined the relative detection efficiency of 3 measurements, skin
             resistance response (SRR) amplitude, respiration line length (RLL), and human
             respiration response evaluation (RRE), in a guilty knowledge experiment. 32
             police investigators and staff were presented with lists of personal information in
             which only 1 of 5 items was correct. Ss were instructed to try to avoid detection
             of the relevant items in the polygraph test. All 3 measurements discriminated
             better than chance between relevant and neutral items, with the objectively
             measured SRR and RLL superior to the subjective RRE. When SRR and RLL
             were compared for their relative efficiency, the former yielded better detection.
             The differentiation was even better with a measure that combined the SRR and
             the RLL.

2354. Elaad, E. (1998). The challenge of the concealed knowledge polygraph test. Expert
             Evidence, 6, 161-187.
             Rec#: 6886
               Keywords: polygraph general/concealed
               information/biofeedback/countermeasures/drugs/behavioral patterns/criminal
               justice system.
               Abstract: This paper suggests that the concealed knowledge polygraph test (CKT)
               might be useful for the criminal justice system. The main point is that it is a
               standard and objective psychological test that can to some extent protect the
               innocent from false allegation. A review of 15 mock crime studies revealed
               average detection rates of 80.6% for guilty examinees and 95.9% innocent. In 11
               of these studies no false positive identifications were observed. Suggestions for
               enhancing the detection rate of guilty suspects in real life settings are provided.
               The effects of several possible countermeasures are discussed.

2355. Elaad, E. (2001). A comparative study of polygraph tests and other forensic methods.
             Polygraph, 30, 16-28.
             Rec#: 7346
             Keywords: criminal investigations/GKT/false positive/CQT/pretest interview.

2356. Elaad, E. (1999). The control question technique: A search for improved decision
             rules. Polygraph, 28, 65-73.
             Rec#: 7076
             Keywords: control question tests/numerical scoring/CQT.

2357. Anonymous. Decision rules in polygraph examination. ed. 1985 Feb 24-1985 Feb
           28; Jerusalem, Israel: The International Congress on Techniques for Criminal
           Identification. 167-178p.
           Rec#: 1547
           Keywords: test data analysis.

2358. Elaad, E. (1993). Detection of deception: A transactional analysis perspective. Journal
             of Psychology, 127, 5-15.
             Rec#: 1554
             Keywords: Israel/TA/CQT/setting controls/theory/pretest
             interview/techniques-control question test.
             Abstract: Defends CQT against critics who claim that CQs are implausible and do
             not protect innocent Ss. Elaad describes how CQs are set.

2359. Elaad, E. (1990). Detection of guilty knowledge in real-life criminal investigation.
             Journal of Applied Psychology, 75, 521-529.
             Rec#: 1544
             Keywords: techniques-GKT/field validity.
             Abstract: The present study provides a first attempt to estimate the validity of the
             Guilty Knowledge Test (GKT) in real-life criminal investigations. Skin
             resistance responses in GKT records of 50 innocent and 48 guilty Ss, for whom
             actual truth was established by confession, were analyzed by two methods. On
             the basis of an a priori decison rule, 98% of the innocent and 42% of the guilty Ss
             were correctly classified. Signal detection measures based on various possible
             decision rules indicated that the distribution of guilty Ss was highly differentiated
              from the distribution of innocent Ss. An optimal dicision rule yielded correct
              classifications for 94% of the innocent Ss and 65% of the guilty Ss. These
              results suggest that the GKT could be a useful investigative tool that protects
              innocent suspects from being falsely classified as guilty. The false-negative
              identifications were accounted for in terms of the realistic conditions.

2360. Elaad, Eitan. Detection of guilty knowledge in real life criminal investigations using GSR
             amplitude. nd.
             Rec#: 1548
             Keywords: electrodermal-GSR/criminal investigations/guilty
             knowledge/validity-field examinations/electrodermal-GSR.

2361. Elaad, Eitan. The detection of stress in the human voice - A pilot study. 80.
             Rec#: 1550
             Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE/Mark II/finger pulse volume/heart rate.
             Notes: [abstract].

2362. Elaad, E. (1988). Effects of motivation level and verbal response type on
             psychophysiological detection in the guilty knowledge test.
             Rec#: 1553
             Keywords: Israel/dissertations and theses/theory/motivation/verbal
             response/techniques-guilty knowledge test/techniques-GKT.

2363. Elaad, E. (1987 Dec). Psychophysiological detection in the guilty knowledge test.
             Hebrew University;
             Rec#: 1552
             Keywords: GKT/Israel/theory/OR/attention/GSR/control questions.
             Notes: Text in Hebrew, only 10 pages are in English abstract only.

2364. Elaad, Eitan. Reported confidence in the polygraphic procedure and psychophysiological
             detection in the guilty knowledge test. nd.
             Rec#: 1549
             Keywords: subjects-confidence/subjects-belief/techniques-GKT.
             Notes: Israel Police Headquarters, Jerusalem, Israel. [abstract].

2365. Elaad, E. (1993). The role of guessing and verbal response type in psychophysiological
             detection of concealed information. The Journal of Psychology, 127, 455-464.
             Rec#: 6751
             Keywords: polygraph/psychology/physiology/concealed
             information/guessing/verbal response.

2366. Elaad, Eitan. Validity of the control question test in criminal cases. 85.
             Rec#: 1551
             Keywords: techniques-CQT/validity/applications-criminal cases/test data
             analysis-blind .
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript, Israel Police Headquarters, Jerusalem, Israel.

2367. Elaad, E., & Ben-Shakhar, G. (1997). Effects of item repetitions and variations on the
               efficiency of the guilty knowledge test. Psychophysiology, 34, 587-596.
               Rec#: 6595
               Keywords: guilty knowledge test/electrodermal response/respiration changes.

2368. Elaad, E., & Ben-Shakhar, G. (1991). Effects of mental countermeasures on
             psychophysiological detection in the guilty knowledge test. International
             Journal of Psychophysiology, 11, 99-108.
             Rec#: 1558
             Keywords: Israel/GKT/countermeasures-mental/research-countermeasures.
             Abstract: This study focused on the effects of mental countermeasures on
             psychophysiological detection in a guilty knowledge paradigm. Two experiments
             which utilized a 3 x 2 between subjects factorial design were conducted. Two
             types of mental countermeasures (specific dissociations from the relevant
             stimulus and continuous dissociation throughout the entire test, as well as a
             control-no countermeasure condition were used). Each group was further
             subdivided into two conditions--a high attention condition created by motivational
             instructions and a deceptive verbal response to the relevant question; and a low
             attention condition in which no motivational instructions were provided and no
             verbal response was required. The results of both experiments (one was conducted
             in a field set up, and the other utilized more standard experimental equipment and
             measurement procedures) revealed the following pattern: the item-specific
             countermeasures tended to increase psychophysiological detection, whereas the
             continuous dissociations tended to decrease detection efficiencies. The pattern
             was consistent across attention conditions and experiments but it was stronger in
             the field experiment where overall detection efficiency was relatively high. In
             other respects the present results replicated previous findings and revealed a
             significant effect for the attention factor.

2369. Elaad, E., & Ben-Shakhar, G. (1989). Effects of motivation and verbal response type on
             psychophysiological detection of information. Psychophysiology, 26, 442-451.
             Rec#: 1557
             Keywords:
             Israel/research-laboratory/motivation/validity-laboratory/research-electrodermal/t
             heory-psychophysiological/verbal response.

2370. Elaad, E., Bonwitt, G., Eisenberg, O., & Meytes, I. (1982). Effects of beta blocking
             drugs on the polygraph decision rate: A pilot study. Polygraph, 11, 225-233.
             Rec#: 1559
             Keywords: drugs-beta
             blocking/countermeasures-drugs/research-countermeasures-drugs/validity-laborat
             ory/Israel.
             Abstract: Twenty volunteers underwent a series of 5 POT tests each; half with
             Trasicor administered beforehand and half with a placebo. Detection rate was
             highest for the placebo group, while that of the Beta Blocking group was still
             greater than chance. The GSR channel was found to be the most efficient
             identification index, but is also most vulnerable to the effect of Trasicor. The
             respiration channel indicates identification at a level better than chance, which is
              not effected by the Beta Blocking agent. The cardio channel was not found an
              efficient index of identification.

2371. Elaad, E., & Elaad, I. (1994). The control question technique in vocational search.
             Perceptual and Motor Skills, 79, 825-826.
             Rec#: 6010
             Keywords: techniques-control question test/screening-employment/CQT/control
             questions/paper and pencil tests.
             Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph 25(1)57-58 .
             Abstract: 10 men and 16 women, randomly assigned to a guilty and an innocent
             condition, were presented a set of 10 Control Question Technique questions as a
             paper-and-pencil test. Subjects indicated up to three questions about which they
             felt most concern. Analysis indicated guilty subjects were more concerned about
             relevant questions and innocent subjects about control questions. This
             controversial Control Question Technique, commonly used in interrogative
             polygraphy, can be successfully applied in a vocational search context. It was
             suggested that the rationale underlying the procedure corresponds to a broader
             phenomenon than the polygraph examination. Reprinted by permission of the
             publisher, 1994.

2372. Elaad, Eitan and Elaad, Ilana. False feedback effect on psychophysiological detection in
             the guilty knowledge polygraph test. nd.
             Rec#: 1560
             Keywords: biofeedback-false/theory-biofeedback/techniques-guilty knowledge
             test/Israel.
             Notes: Division of Criminal Identification, Isreal Police Headquarters, Jerusalem,
             Isreal.

2373. Elaad, E., Ginton, A., & Ben-Shakhar, G. (1994). The effects of prior expectations and
             outcome knowledge on polygraph examiners' decisions. Journal of Behavioral
             Decision Making, 7, 279-292.
             Rec#: 1562
             Keywords: CQT/examiners-bias/hindsight bias/hypothesis-confirmation
             bias/outcome knowledge/prior expectations/decision making/expectations.
             Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 27, (4) 288-301.
             Abstract: Examined whether judgments made by 10 polygraph examiners
             working in familiar contexts are affected by prior expectations and beliefs. Two
             experiments in which prior expectations were manipulated were designed to
             determine whether and to what extent Ss were affected by their prior expectations
             when analyzing and interpreting polygraph charts. Prior expectations affected the
             Ss' judgments when the polygraph charts did not include clear indications of guilt
             or innocence, but when the objective physiological evidence included strong
             indications that clearly contradicted the S's expectations, judgments were not
             affected by these expectations.

2374. Elaad, E., Ginton, A., & Jungman, N. (1992). Detection measures in real-life criminal
             guilty knowledge tests. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77, 757-767.
              Rec#: 1546
              Keywords: GKT/techniques-guilty knowledge test/field
              validity/electrodermal/respiration/cardio.

2375. Elaad, Eitan, Ginton, Avital, and Jungman, Noam. Respiration line length and GSR
             amplitude as detection measures in criminal guilty knowledge tests. nd.
             Rec#: 1561
             Keywords: test data analysis/respiration/electrodermal-GSR.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2376. Elaad, E., & Kleiner, M. (1990). Effects of polygraph chart interpreter-experience on
             psychophysiological detection of deception. Journal of Police Science and
             Administration, 17, 115-123.
             Rec#: 1564
             Keywords: examiners-experience/test data analysis/test data
             analysis-blind/numerical scoring/cardio/electrodermal-GSR/respiration/decision
             cutoff scores.
             Abstract: 100 sets of CQT charts from guilty and innocent Ss, verified by
             confession, were scored blindly by 5 experienced examiners and 5 trainees.
             There was about 85% agreement in scoring all 3 channels. GSR was the most
             accurate (and cardio was ineffective) at detecting deception; respiration was best
             at detecting truthfulness. Experience was needed to interpret resp accurately.

2377. Elaad, Eitan and Kleiner, Murray. Effects of polygraph chart interpreter experience on
             the accuracy of three physiological indices. nd.
             Rec#: 9078
             Keywords: test data analysis/examiners-experience/electrodermal/pneumo/cardio.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript abstract.

2378. Elaad, E., & Kleiner, M. (1993). The police use of polygraph examinations in Israel.
             Polic. Sigur., 1, 418-425.
             Rec#: 1565
             Keywords: Croatia/field statistics/legal status/applications-law
             enforcement-Israel.
             Abstract: Of 1,670 exams conducted by 11 examiners in 1991, 15% were incl,
             30% DI, 70% NDI. The polygraph course is described. Article was published in
             a Croatian police journal; invited by Z. Roso.

2379. Elaad, E., & Kleiner, M. (1986). The stimulation test in polygraph field examinations: A
             case study. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 14, 328-333.
             Rec#: 1563
             Keywords: stimulation tests.
             Abstract: In the ST, a subject is asked to pick a card out of a six-to-eight card
             pack held face down. The subject chooses and remembers one of the cards and
             returns it to the pack and is asked to deny that any of the cards were picked. The
             polygrapher then determines which card was picked from the polygraph results.
             One of the purposes of the ST is to show the subject that the test is valid. In this
              study, an ST was used between the first and second presentation of the test
              questions for 116 examinations. In another 107 examinations, the ST was
              omitted. Fifty examinations were randomly selected from each group for
              analysis. In the control question technique, the innocent subject fears the
              polygraph will falsly indicate deception. This fear is strongest in the first
              presentation of the test questions, after which there is a gradual decrease in
              apprehension. As the subject adapts to the procedure, anxiety is less likely to
              attend control questions, making deceptive responses to relevant questions more
              prominent in contrast to control-question responses. The ST interferes with
              subject adaptation and reinforces subject apprehension, obstructing clear
              distinctions between subject responses to control and relevant questions. This
              was most noticeable on the measurements of skin resistance. 2 tables and 17
              references.

2380. Elaad, E., & Schahar, E. (1985). Polygraph field validity. Polygraph, 14, 217-223.
             Rec#: 7852
             Keywords: techniques/polygraph/reliability-general/Israel/validity-field
             examinations/surveys.
             Abstract: The criteria for evaluation were subsequent confessions or convictions
             of the subjects and/or others who cleared the subjects from involvement. Out of
             the 2540 polygraph examinations conducted during this period, there was definite
             feedback concerning the innocence or guilt of the subject for only 184 (7 percent).
             When these 184 cases were considered, in 10 (5 percent) the polygraph results
             were inconclusive. The remaining 174 cases consisted of 145 (79 percent)
             conclusive results without any reservation (143 or 78 percent correct and 2 or 1
             percent incorrect), and 29 (16 percent) polygraph results with reservation (25 or
             14 percent correct and 4 or 2 percent incorrect). Five of the errors were false
             negatives and one false positive. This suggests that there was a tendency to clear
             the subject when in doubt. However, these data should be considered cautiously,
             since the validation criteria, ultimate confessions and convictions, could have
             been influenced by the polygraph results. Furthermore, confessions and
             convictions are not infallible since false confessions and convictions could occur.

2381. Elam, G. (1960). Polygraph: An aid in recruiting. Law and Order, 8, 24, 26-27.
             Rec#: 1571
             Keywords: screening-police.

2382. Eliasberg, W. (1946). Forensic psychology. Southern California Law Review, 19,
             349-409.
             Rec#: 1577
             Keywords: history/hypnosis/historical interest-psychology-forensic/courtroom
             testimony.

2383. Eller, M.A. (1999). Standardization of pre-employement police applicant screening test
              results. Polygraph, 28, 304-309.
              Rec#: 7080
              Keywords: applications-preemployment/applications-screening/inconclusive
              results/confessions/countermeasures/quality control/R & I.

2384. Ellingson, R.J. (1956). Brain waves and problems of psychology. Psychological
             Bulletin, 53, 1-34.
             Rec#: 6713
             Keywords: brain wave analysis/EEG.

2385. Elliott, John W. The use of polygraph testing in corrections. 77.
               Rec#: 1581
               Keywords: criticism-validity/applications-probation/applications-parole/Law
               Enforcement Assistance Administration.
               Notes: Unpublished manuscript, supported in part by Law Enforcement
               Assistance Administration grant #76-11A-(2)-C2-90.

2386. Ellis, A. Ansley, Norman & R.J. Weir, Jr. (1956). The interrogation of sex
              psychopaths under narcosis. Washington, DC: Board of Polygraph Examiners.
              67-71 p.
              Rec#: 1583
              Keywords: interrogation/psychopaths/hypnosis/narcoanalysis.

2387. Ellis, R.L. Use of polygraph by Ku Klux Klan. (Sep 18 1972).
              Rec#: 6745
              Keywords: Ku Klux Klan/truth serum/polygraph general.

2388. Ellson, D.G., Davis, R.C., Saltzman, I.J., & Burke, C.J. Anonymous. Department of
              Psychology . (1952 Sep 15). Contract N60NR-18011 with Office of Naval
              Research,
              Rec#: 1584
              Keywords: deception detection-automated/physiological
              indices/electrodermal/cardio/muscle action potentials/movement-body/eye
              movement/vascular system/pneumo/electromyography.

2389. Ellwanger, J., Rosenfeld, J.P., & Sweet, J. (1994). P300s to autobiographical and
            learned information in closed head-injury patients: individual diagnostic test
            comparisons. Psychophysiology, 31, S43
            Rec#: 1585
            Keywords: P300.
            Notes: [abstract].

2390. Emans, R.L. (1987). Abuse in the name of protecting children. Phi Delta Kappan,
            740-743.
            Rec#: 9141
            Keywords: Lykken, David T./criticism-validity/child sexual abuse.

2391. Emerick, R.L., & Dutton, W.A. (1993). The effect of polygraphy on the self report of
            adolescent sex offenders: Implications for risk assessment. Annals of Sex
            Research , 6, 83-103.
            Rec#: 4670
              Keywords: sex offenders/self report/child sexual abuse-victims.
              Abstract: Examined 3 sources of assault history information for 76 "high risk"
              adolescent sexual offenders (aged 10-18 yrs): collateral (victim statements,
              police reports, psychological examinations), clinical interviews, and confirmation
              polygraph testing. Chi-square analysis revealed significant differences between
              data retrieved by use of clinical polygraph examination and both of the other data
              sources. Also revealed were selected assault history variables assumed to be
              relevant for pre-treatment decision making and for which significant differences
              were observed. These include number of victims, process of victim selection,
              degree of force used in the commission of offenses, use of pornography, and
              degree of intrusion. The number of female child victims assaulted by the
              offenders was demonstrated to be significantly related to the severity of
              pornography used as a stimulus while masturbating.

2392. Englade, K.F. (1982). The business of the polygraph. Across the Board, 19, 20-27.
            Rec#: 1597
            Keywords: polygraph-general.

2393. England, D.A. (1976). [Review of the book Deception /Detection]. English Journal,
            65, 69-70.
            Rec#: 1598
            Keywords: book reviews/Schrank, J.

2394. English, H.B. (1926). Reaction time symptoms of deception. American Journal of
             Psychology, 37, 428-429.
             Rec#: 1600
             Keywords: historical interest/reaction time/word association.

2395. English, K., Jones, L., Patrick, D., Pasini-Hill, D., & Gonzalez, S. (2000). We need you
             to become experts in the post-conviction polygraph. Polygraph, 29, 44-63.
             Rec#: 7102
             Keywords: post-conviction sex offender testing/sex offenders.
             Abstract: To improve the risk managment of convicted sex offenders, the criminal
             justice system needs highly trained, experienced sex offender polygraph
             examiners. In 1998, researchers asked 679 probabtion and parole supervisors
             about their use of the post-conviction polygraph.

2396. Ennis, Daniel R. The effect of a pre-polygraph briefing on polygraph outcome. 86.
             Rec#: 6712
             Keywords: screening/counterintelligence/security screening/validity.

2397. Epstein, S., Boudreau, L., & Klirig, S. (1975). Magnitude of the heart rate and
             electrodermal response as a function of stimulus input, motor output, and their
             interaction. Psychophysiology, 12, 15-24.
             Rec#: 9472
             Keywords: heart rate/skin conductance/electrodermal/motor output/stimulus
             input.
               Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 4(2), 186.

2398. Erasmus, G.H. (1995). Verifying the truth by voice analysis. Security Focus, 14-15.
            Rec#: 4162
            Keywords: PSE/voice stress analysis/Verimetrics System/narrative analysis/South
            Africa/verification tests/VSI.
            Notes: Published in South Africa.

2399. Erbs, G. (1951). Unzulssige Vernehungsmethoden: Probleme des Paragraphen 136a
             StPO [Inadmissible interrogation methods : Problems with Paragraph 136a of the
             Rules of Criminal Procedure]. Neue Juristische Wochenschrift, 10, 386-390.
             Rec#: 9142
             Keywords: interrogation/truth serum/hypnosis/Germany.
             Notes: [text in German].
             Abstract: This article consists of nine sections discussing acceptable police
             procedures since the implementation of Paragraph 136a. The first two sections
             very briefly discuss on overview of the law and what constitutes a voluntary
             confession. The third section provides a variety of illegal interrogation methods
             such as sleep deprivation, withholding of food and cigarettes, and verbal and
             physical abuse, deception in presenting evidence and even hypnosis. Section
             four concerns the interpretation of "force" in relation to the "if" and "how", while
             section five concerns the "threat" of force. Section six discusses offers of
             leniency made by the state which do not conform to law in order to obtain
             testimony from accomplices. Section eight concerns Section 2 of Paragraph
             136a, in which illegal means used to impair reason or memory are banned.
             Section nine of the article concerns Section 3 of 136a, which states the abuses
             employed as outlined above are inadmissable.

2400. Ertel, C. (1987). Science or scapegoat? The debate over polygraph testing. CSG
              Backgrounder, 18
              Rec#: 1604
              Keywords:
              validity/law-licensing-state/law-limiting-state/criticism/legislation-federal/screeni
              ng-commercial-preemployment/screening-commercial-theft/screening-governmen
              t.
              Notes: [Council of State Governments].

2401. Ervin, S.J. (1971). Lie detector: The great intimidator. International, Summer-Fall,
              2-7.
              Rec#: 4635
              Keywords: AFL-CIO/screening-employment.

2402. Etcoff, N.L., Ekman, P., Magee, J.J., & Frank, M.G. (2000). Lie detection and language
              comprehension. Nature, 405, 139
              Rec#: 7117
              Keywords: nonverbal communication.
2403. Ettema, J.S., & Glasser, T. (1988). Narrative form and moral force: The realization of
             innocence and guilt through investigative journalism. Journal of
             Communication, 38, 8-26.
             Rec#: 1610
             Keywords: lying-journalism/journalism/content analysis/nonverbal detection of
             deception.

2404. Evans, D.D. (1990). 10 Ways To Sharpen Your Interviewing Skills. Law And Order,
             38, 90-94.
             Rec#: 9775
             Keywords: police questioning/interviewing.

2405. Evans, F.J., O'Connell, D.N., & Tursky, B. (1967). Normality of distribution of resting
             palmer skin potential. Psychophysiology, 4, 151-155.
             Rec#: 9473
             Keywords: skin potential-palmar.

2406. Evans, F.J. (1979). Contextual forgetting: posthypnotic source amnesia. Journal of
             Abnormal Psychology, 88, 556-563.
             Rec#: 6476
             Keywords: hypnosis-amnesia.

2407. Evers, M.B. (1981). Hypnotic defeat of truth verification instrumentation systems: Fact
             or fallacy? Stress Press, 4, 4-9.
             Rec#: 6927
             Keywords: physiological responses/GSR/voice stress
             analysis/PSE/hypnosis-countermeasures .

2408. Ewing, A. (1965). Lie detection at a distance. Science News Letter, 88, 106-108.
             Rec#: 1637
             Keywords: polygraph-general.

2409. Eye Dynamics, I. Anonymous. Office of Naval Research. (1999).
            Rec#: 6493
            Keywords: motor
            response/deception/psychophysiology/pupillometry-research/eye blink/eye
            movement.
            Notes: Contract No. N00014-97-C-0098. DODPI # 96-P-0019. Principal
            Investigator is Ronald Waldorf. Addendum report done on February 29, 2000
            included.

2410. Eysenck, H.J. Anonymous. (1957). Lie detectors and truth drugs. Baltimore, MD:
            Penguin Books. 71-105 p.
            Rec#: 1646
            Keywords:
            countermeasures-mental/countermeasures-physical/history/theory-Lange,
            James/Great Britain/polygraph-general/admissibility-Great
              Britain/narcoanalysis/countermeasures.

2411. Eysenck, H.J. Anonymous. (1961). Lie detectors and truth drugs.     Baltimore:
            Penguin Books. 71-107 p.
            Rec#: 1647
            Keywords: polygraph-general/narcoanalysis.

2412. Ezell, T. (1988). Questions and answers regarding P.L. 100-347, The Employee
              Polygraph Protection Act of 1988. APA Newsletter, 21, 2-10.
              Rec#: 1648
              Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/legislation-federal/waivers.

2413. Fabiani, M., Gratton, G., & Coles, M.G.H. J.T. Cacioppo, L.G. Tassinary, & G.G.
             Berntson. Event-Related Brain Potentials. 2nd ed, New York, NY:
             Cambridge University Press. 53-84 p. 052162634X.
             Rec#: 7142
             Keywords: event-related potentials.
             Notes: Chapter 3.

2414. Anonymous. D.L. Faigman, D.H. Kaye, M.J. Saks, & J. Sanders. (1997). The legal
           relevance of scientific research on polygraph tests. St. Paul, Minn: West
           Publishing Co. 554-564 p. 1. 0-314-21410-0.
           Rec#: 7603
           Keywords: Frye case/Daubert Standard/legal status/admissibility.

2415. Fairbanks, G., & Hoaglin, L.W. (1941). An experimental study of the durational
             characteristics of the voice during the expression of emotion. Speech
             Monographs, 8, 85-90.
             Rec#: 1652
             Keywords: emotion/vocal aspects.

2416. Faircloth, F. (1984). The truth of the matter. Soldier, 10-12.
              Rec#: 1653
              Keywords: training-federal/Department of Defense Polygraph Institute.

2417. Falick, P. (1968). Lie detectors and the right to privacy. New York State Bar Journal,
              40, 102-110.
              Rec#: 1654
              Keywords: privacy rights/legal issues.

2418. Faller, N. (1981). Second assault. Progressive, 45, 29
              Rec#: 5130
              Keywords: applications-victims/rape.

2419. Fan, R.M.T., Wagner, H.L., & Manstead, A.S.R. (1995). Anchoring, familiarity, and
             confidence in the detection of deception. Basic and Applied Social Psychology,
             17, 83-96.
             Rec#: 9275
              Keywords: detection of deception.

2420. Faniciulli, J.A. (1979). Expert vs. expert - Grounds for dismissal? Identification News,
             5
             Rec#: 1659
             Keywords: admissibility-expert testimony.

2421. Fariss, John. Control procedures within the R&I. nd.
              Rec#: 9080
              Keywords: techniques-R&I/control procedures.
              Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2422. Fariss, J. (1981). Insanity testing from the R & I perspective. Alabama Association of
              Polygraph Examiners Newsletter, 2
              Rec#: 1661
              Keywords: techniques-R&I/subjects-psychotic.

2423. Fariss, J. (1979). The R & I applied to murder. Alabama Association of Polygraph
              Examiners Newsletter, 3-4.
              Rec#: 1660
              Keywords: techniques-R&I/cases-homicide/question formulation.

2424. Farrell, C.E. (2001). Electrodermal activity: A lieterature reveiw. Polygraph, 30,
              185-191.
              Rec#: 7370
              Keywords: electrodermal response/literature review/gender.

2425. Farris, E.A. (1985). V. A. Leonard: Legacy of a legend. The Police Chief, 52, 28-29.
              Rec#: 1662
              Keywords: biographies-Leonard, V. A.

2426. Farwell, L.A. Anonymous. Human Brain Research Laboratory, Inc. (nd).
             Rec#: 9081
             Keywords: brain wave analysis/MERA.

2427. Farwell, L.A. Anonymous. Human Brain Research Laboratory, Inc. (1993 Sep 30).
             Final report to the Office of Research and Development, Vol. 1,
             Rec#: 9562
             Keywords: ERP/P300/EEG/brain wave analysis.
             Notes: Contract No. 92*F138600*000.

2428. Farwell, L.A. (1992). The brain-wave information detection (BID) system: A new
             paradigm for psychophysiological detection of information (lie detection).
             Dissertation Abstracts International , 53: (7-B ). 3828
             Rec#: 1670
             Keywords: dissertations and theses.
             Notes: University microfilm NO: AAD92-36456, 173 p.
             Abstract: This report describes and evaluates a new paradigm for the
              psychophysiological detection of concealed information. The conventional "lie
              detection" paradigm has traditionally relied upon measurements of the
              physiological concomitants of emotional arousal. This new paradigm measures
              the brain-wave manifestations of information-processing brain activity. A new
              brain-wave information detection (BID) system was tested in 56 cases. In 100%
              of the cases where a determination was made, determinations were correct; 14%
              were indeterminate. This research is based on the P300 component of the
              event-related brain potential, which is elicited by events that are relatively rare
              and relevant or noteworthy. In each experiment, three types of short phrases were
              presented on a video screen for 300 msec at an inter-stimulus interval of 1550
              msec. 17% of the stimuli were "target" stimuli, identified as such to subjects.
              Subjects were instructed to press one button in response to targets, and another
              button for all others. 66% were "irrelevant" stimuli, which had no particular
              significance for the subject. Interspersed with the irrelevant stimuli, and not
              identified in instructions to the subject, were "probe" stimuli which were relevant
              to a real or mock crime that had been in some cases committed by the subject.
              17% were probes. For innocent subjects, probes were indistinguishable from
              irrelevants. P300s were predicted in response to only the rare, relevant stimuli:
              targets for "innocent" subjects; targets and probes for "guilty" (knowledgeable)
              subjects. One experiment tested subjects on mock crimes, one on minor crimes
              confessed to by subjects, and one on real-life activities of subjects that had not
              been discussed with them. Results were as predicted. "Guilty" or "innocent"
              determinations were made through a mathematical algorithm comparing
              brain-wave responses. The history and scientific foundations of
              psychophysiological detection of concealed information are reviewed and
              evaluated. The theory and practice of the new and conventional paradigms are
              compared. The implications of this research for theories of the functional
              significance of event-related brain potentials are discussed.

2429. Farwell, L.A. Anonymous. Human Brain Research Laboratory, Inc. (nd).
             Rec#: 9082
             Keywords: brain wave analysis/MERA.

2430. Farwell, L.A. (1990). I.W.C. University Patents. Method and apparatus for detection of
             deception. US. 4,941,477.
             Rec#: 6812
             Keywords: detection of deception/ERP/P300.

2431. Farwell, L.A., & Donchin, E. (1986). The "Brain detector": P300 in the detection of
             deception. [abstract]. Psychophysiology, 23, 434
             Rec#: 1664
             Keywords: research-EEG/theory-EEG/EEG-research/techniques-novel-EEG.
             Notes: Paper presented at the 78th annual meeting of the Society for
             Psychophysiological Research, San Francisco, California, 18 p.

2432. Farwell, Lawrence A. and Donchin, Emanuel. Can the P300 be used in the detection of
             deception? nd.
               Rec#: 9778
              Keywords: event-related potentials/ERP/P300.
              Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2433. Farwell, L.A., & Donchin, E. (1989). Detection of guilty knowledge with ERPs.
             Psychophysiology, 26, S8
             Rec#: 9083
             Keywords: ERP/P300.
             Notes: [abstract].

2434. Farwell, L.A., & Donchin, E. (1988). Event-related potentials in interrogative
             polygraphy: Analysis using bootstrapping. Psychophysiology, 25, 445
             Rec#: 1666
             Keywords: research-EEG/theory-EEG/EEG-ERP
             responses/techniques-novel-EEG/validity-EEG tests-laboratory.
             Notes: [abstract].

2435. Farwell, L.A., & Donchin, E. (1991). The truth will out: Interrogative polygraphy ("lie
             detection") with event-related brain potentials. Psychophysiology, 28, 531-547.
             Rec#: 1663
             Keywords: ERP/P300.

2436. Farwell, L.A., & Donchin, E. Anonymous. (1988 Oct). Poster presented at the 28th
             Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research,
             Rec#: 1668
             Keywords: ERP/P300.

2437. Farwell, L.A., & Kline, G. Anonymous. Human Brain Research Laboratory, Inc. (1993
             Mar 30).
             Rec#: 9084
             Keywords: brain wave analysis/MERA.

2438. Farwell, L.A., Martinerie, J.M., Bashore, T.R., Rapp, P.E., & Goddard, P.H. (1993).
             Optimal digital filters for long-latency components of the event-related brain
             potential. Psychophysiology, 30, 306-315.
             Rec#: 9204
             Keywords: event-related potentials/ERP/P300/P3.

2439. Farwell, L.A., & Richardson, D.C. Anonymous. Human Brain Research Laboratory,
             Inc. (1993 Mar 30).
              Rec#: 9085
             Keywords: research-brain wave analysis/research-MERMER/research-eeg.

2440. Faulk, F.J. (1958). South Carolina polygraph solves four murders. Police, 2, 40
             Rec#: 1673
             Keywords: cases-murder/South Carolina.

2441. Faulk, L.F. V.A. Leonard. (1958). Public relations with other law enforcement agencies.
              Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 122-126 p. 2 .
              Rec#: 1674
              Keywords: public relations.

2442. Faust, D. (1985). Declarations versus investigations: The case for the special reasoning
             abilities and capabilities of the expert witness in psychology/psychiatry. Journal
             of Psychiatry and Law, 33-59.
             Rec#: 1675
             Keywords: courtroom testimony-expert witness.
             Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 16, 83.

2443. Faust, D., Hart, K., Guilmette, T.J., & Arkes, H.P. (1988). Neuropsychologists capacity
             to detect adolescent malingerers. Professional Psychology: Research and
             Practice, 19, 508-515.
             Rec#: 1676
             Keywords: malingering/lying-malingering/neuropsychologists.

2444. Faust, D., & Ziskin, J. (1988). The expert witness in psychology and psychiatry.
             Science, 241, 31-35.
             Rec#: 6483
             Keywords: witnesses/psychology/psychiatry.

2445. Fay, J.J. Anonymous. (nd).
              Rec#: 1677
              Keywords: business aspects/instruments/theory/polygraph techniques/proposal.

2446. Fay-Long, I. (1987). Education and laughter. NAWP Journal, 2, 40-42.
            Rec#: 1681
            Keywords: surveys/examiners-women.

2447. Fay-Long, I. (1984). Interview with Lemoyne Snyder. NALP Newsletter, 5-7.
            Rec#: 1680
            Keywords: biographies-Snyder, Lemoyne/history/cases-murder.
            Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 13,(3), 267-269.

2448. Fay-Long, I. (1987). A psychologist's view of polygraph. NAWP Journal, 2, 33-39.
            Rec#: 1682
            Keywords: history/biographies-Undeutsch, Udo/techniques-concealed knowledge
            test.

2449. Fay, P.J., & Middleton, W.C. (1941). The ability to judge truth telling, or lying, from
              the voice as transmitted over a public address system. Journal of General
              Psychology, 24, 211-215.
              Rec#: 1678
              Keywords: voice/lying/truth telling.

2450. Federal Research Division. (1990). Literature and research support on deception
             detection and polygraph research. Washington, DC: Library of Congress.
              Rec#: 9779
              Keywords: bibliographies.
              Notes: An annotated bibliography submitted to the Polygraph Research Office,
              National Security Agency.

2451. Fedor, W. (1983). Speech on DoD use of the polygraph presented to the Standing
             Committee on Law and National Security, American Bar Association. -
             Rec#: 1702
             Keywords:
             screening-federal/applications-counterintelligence/cases-espionage/surveys.
             Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph (1983), 12(4), 333-340.
             Abstract: The DOD protects the country's sensitive resources through physical,
             information, and personnel security. The keystone topersonnel security has been
             the field investigation, but budget cuts an limitations placed on records access
             since the mid-1970's have severely limited the DOD's capabilities in this area. At
             the same time, espionage has been on the upswing. Due to the worsening
             situation, a panel of representatives from themilitary services and mililtary
             intelligence agencies was charged with reviewing the DOD personnel security
             program in 1982. It recommended tighter controls on issuing clearances,
             improved adjudication of security cases, reinstitution of periodic reinvestigations
             of employees, and a counterintelligence scope polygraph examination to help
             determine the eligibility of a limited number of individuals in positions requiring
             access to extremely sensitive classified information. This meant no lifestyle
             questions, but questions relating strictly to espionage activities. The DOD
             recognizes that the polygraph is not infallible and is dependent on the examiner's
             quality and professionalism. Consequently, the DOD relies on other sources of
             information and has stringent standards for its examiners. In addition, experiences
             of the Central Intelligence Agency and the National Security Agency for over 30
             years have demonstrated the polygraph's usefulness in indentifying applicants
             who clearly are unsuitable for assignment to these agencies. The proposed change
             in DOD policy that certain adverse consequences may follow an individual's
             refusal to take a polygraph examination has drawn considerable attention. All
             these actions, however, are appealable, and they do not include termination of
             employment. Several safeguards also have been incorporated into the proposed
             policy to protect the rights of individuals.

2452. Feeley, T.H., & Deturck, M.A. (1998). The behavioral correlates of sanctioned and
             unsanctioned deceptive communication. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 22,
             189-204.
             Rec#: 7092
             Keywords: nonverbal behavior/behavioral cues.
             Abstract: Ninety-three students were randomly assigned to one of three veracity
             conditions: (1) truthful, (2) unsanctioned-deceptive, or (3) sanctioned-deceptive.
             Participants in the truthful condition were honest when reporting strategies used
             when attempting to unscramble a series of anagrams. Students in the
             sanctioned-deceptive and unsanctioned-deceptive condition were implicated to
             cheat (by looking at the answers) on the anagram task by a research confederate.
              Students in the sanctioned condition were asked by an experimenter to conceal
              their cheating by lying to the interviewer about their ''high score'' on the anagram
              task whereas students in the unsanctioned condition were not given any
              instructions about how to answer the interviewer's questions regarding their
              anagram-solving strategies. All interviews were videotaped and verbal and
              nonverbal behaviors were analyzed by four student-coders. Results indicated that
              unsanctioned deceivers, when compared to sanctioned deceivers, made fewer
              speech errors and speech hesitations, gazed less at their targets, and used fewer
              other references.

2453. Feeley, T.H., & DeTurck, M.A. (1997). Case-relevant vs. case-irrelevant questioning in
             experimental lie detection. Communication Reports, 10, 35-45.
             Rec#: 6373
             Keywords: relevant-irrelevant method.

2454. Feeley, T.H., & deTurck, M.A. (1995). Global cue usage in behavioral lie detection.
             Communication Quarterly, 43, 420-430.
             Rec#: 4615
             Keywords: behavioral cues/communication/deception/nonverbal behavior.

2455. Feeley, T.H., deTurck, M.A., & Young Melissa J. (1995). Baseline familiarty in lie
             detection. Communication Research Reports, 12, 160-169.
             Rec#: 4563
             Keywords: baseline familiarty.

2456. Feeney, T.J. (1987). Expert psychological testimony on credibility issues. Military
            Law Review, 115, 121-177.
            Rec#: 1703
            Keywords: admissibility-expert testimony/psychology-credibility.

2457. Fein, M. (1964). What is truth? Newsweek, 64, 27
             Rec#: 1704
             Keywords: cases-homicide.

2458. Feldman, R.S. (1979). Nonverbal disclosure of deception in urban Koreans. Journal of
            Cross-Cultural Psychology, 10, 73-83.
            Rec#: 1708
            Keywords: cultural influences-Korea/nonverbal detection of
            deception/research-nonverbal detection of deception/Korea.

2459. Feldman, R.S. (1976). Nonverbal disclosure of teacher deception and interpersonal
            affect. Journal of Educational Psychology, 68, 807-816.
            Rec#: 1707
            Keywords: theory-nonverbal/nonverbal detection of deception/research-nonverbal
            detection of deception.

2460. Feldman, R.S., Devin-Sheehan, L., & Allen, V.L. (1978). Nonverbal cues as indicators
            of verbal dissembling. American Educational Research Journal, 15, 217-231.
              Rec#: 1709
              Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/research-nonverbal detection of
              deception.

2461. Feldman, R.S., Jenkins, L., & Popoola, O. (1979). Detection of deception in adults and
            children via facial expressions. Child Development, 50, 350-355.
            Rec#: 1710
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/nonverbal detection of
            deception-children/research-nonverbal detection of deception-children.

2462. Feldman, R.S., & White, J.B. (1980). Detection of deception in children. Journal of
            Communication, 30, 121-128.
            Rec#: 1706
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/children.

2463. Feleky, A. (1916). The influence of the emotions on respiration. Journal of
             Experimental Psychology, 1, 218-241.
             Rec#: 1711
             Keywords: pneumo/historical
             interest/emotion/research-respiration/instrumentation-pneumo.

2464. Fenwick, C.L. (1977). Countermeasures - A review of the literature. Polygraph
            Review, 3, 6-11.
            Rec#: 1714
            Keywords: bibliographies/countermeasures-general.
            Notes: have prepublication copy only.

2465. Ferguson, J.P. (1962). The polygraph knockers. The Police Chief, 29, 26-27.
             Rec#: 8173
             Keywords: polygraph/criticism.

2466. Ferguson, R.J., Jr. (1968). How correct are critics of the lie detector test? Police, 12,
             37-40.
             Rec#: 1719
             Keywords: public relations.

2467. Ferguson, R.J., Jr. (1972). Polygraph vs. outdated precedent. Military Police Journal,
             21, 9-11.
             Rec#: 1723
             Keywords: admissibility.

2468. Ferguson, R.J., Jr.,, & Gugas, C. Anonymous. (1985). Pre-employment polygraphy.
             Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
             Rec#: 1726
             Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment.

2469. Ferguson, R.J., Jr., Hanscom, C.B., & Goldstein, B.M. (1971). Is justice on trial in
             America today? Police, 54-59.
               Rec#: 1721
               Keywords: admissibility.

2470. Ferguson, R.J., Jr., & Miller, A.L. (1974). Polygraph for the defense. Springfield, IL:
             Charles C. Thomas.
             Rec#: 1725
             Keywords: courtroom testimony/admissibility-defense/cases-general.

2471. Ferguson, R.J., Jr., & Miller, A.L. (1973). The polygraph in court. Springfield, IL:
             Charles C. Thomas.
             Rec#: 1724
             Keywords: admissibility/courtroom testimony.

2472. Fidell, E.R., & Greenhouse, L. (1988). A roving commission: Specified issues and the
              function of the United States court of Military Appeals. Military Law Review,
              122, 117-148.
              Rec#: 1731
              Keywords: law-military/admissibility-military/U.S. Court of Military Appeals.

2473. Fiedler, K., & Walka, I. (1993). Training lie detectors to use nonverbal cues instead of
              global heuristics. Human Communication Research , 20, 199-223.
              Rec#: 9281
              Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/lens model analysis.
              Abstract: 72 lie detectors (undergraduates) judged the veracity of 40 reports on
              minor delinquency that were either truthful or not and referred either to falsifiable
              manifest actions or to nonfalsifiable subjective feelings. In the uninformed
              condition, detectors were free to use their intuitive strategies. In the informed
              condition, they were given detailed instructions about valid nonverbal cues. In the
              informed feedback condition, they received additional outcome feedback.
              Performance was generally above chance but further improved through cue
              information and feedback. Falsifiability caused a bias toward reduced veracity
              judgments. A lens model analysis supports the interpretation that naive lie
              detectors follow content-related heuristics but can flexibly change their strategy as
              they learn about authentic nonverbal cues.

2474. Field, P.B., & Dworkin, S.F. (1967). Strategies of hypnotic interrogation. Journal of
              Psychology, 67, 47-58.
              Rec#: 1734
              Keywords: interrogation/hypnosis.

2475. Fields, D. (1986). DoD Polygraph Institute graduates its first class. Military Police
              Journal, 13, 30-31.
              Rec#: 1735
              Keywords: training-Department of Defense/Department of Defense Polygraph
              Institute.
              Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 16, 79-80.
2476. Figueiredo, L.C.M. (1984). A verdade das coisas e a nossa verdade; notas sobre
             filosofia da ciencia e da cultura [On the truth of things and our truth: Notes on the
             philosophy of science and culture]. Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia, 36,
             39-50.
             Rec#: 1738
             Keywords: cultural influences/philosophy/Brazil/theory-lying.
             Notes: [text in Portuguese, English abstract available].

2477. Filion, Diane L., Dawson, Michael E., and Schell, Anne M. Probing the orienting
              response. 90.
              Rec#: 8574
              Keywords: orienting response/electrodermal-skin conductance.
              Notes: Paper presented at the Thirtieth Annual Meeting of the Society for
              Psychophysiological Research, Boston, MA.

2478. Filion, Diane L., Hazlett, Erin A., Dawson, Michael E., and Schell, Anne M. The
              relationship between skin conductance orienting and resource allocation:
              Generality of a dissociation effect. 89.
              Rec#: 9781
              Keywords: orienting response/skin conductance response/stimuli/dissociation
              effect.
              Notes: Paper presented at the Twenty-Ninth Annual Meeting of the Society for
              Psychophysiological Research, New Orleans, LA.

2479. Finder, J.A. (1982). Statistical implications of reasoning with polygraph evidence:
              Developing instructions for the trier of fact. Cardoza Law Review, 3, 581-606.
              Rec#: 1740
              Keywords: admissibility-statistical/theory-base rate/validity-statistical.

2480. Finesinger, J.E. (1944). The effect of pleasant and unpleasant ideas on the respiratory
             pattern (spirogram) in psychoneurotic patients. American Journal of Psychiatry,
             100, 659-667.
             Rec#: 6486
             Keywords: physiology-respiration.

2481. Fingerhut, K.R. (1978). Use of the stimulation test in pre-employment testing.
             Polygraph, 7, 185-187.
             Rec#: 1742
             Keywords: stimulus tests.

2482. Finn, J.F.X. Ansley, Norman & R.J. Weir, Jr. (1956). The legal limits of interrogation
              . Washington, DC: Board of Polygraph Examiners. 47-56 p.
              Rec#: 1743
              Keywords:
              law-interrogation/interrogation-law/admissibility-narcoanalysis/law-attorney-clien
              t privilege.
2483. Finney, P.D. (1987). When consent information refers to risk and deception:
             Implications for social research. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 2,
             37-48.
             Rec#: 6487
             Keywords: deception/research-social.

2484. Firestone, G. (1986). Polygraph position statement. APA Newsletter, 19, 12-14.
             Rec#: 1745
             Keywords: licensing-Florida/Florida/subjects-complaints.

2485. Fischler, I., Bloom, P.A., Childers, D.G., Arroyo, A.A., & Perry, N.W., Jr. (1984). Brain
             potentials during sentence verification: Late negativity and long-term memory
             strength. Neuropsychologia, 22, 559-568.
             Rec#: 1753
             Keywords: ERP/evoked potentials/research-EEG.

2486. Fischler, I., Bloom, P.A., Childers, D.G., Rovcos, S.E., & Perry, N.W., Jr. (1983). Brain
             potentials related to stages of sentence verification. Psychophysiology, 20,
             400-409.
             Rec#: 1752
             Keywords: research-EEG/EEG/theory-ERPs/evoked potentials.
             Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 12, 389.

2487. Fischman, J. (1985). Beat that lie detector! Psychology Today, 19, 10-11.
            Rec#: 1747
            Keywords: countermeasures-general.

2488. Fisher, L.E., & Kotses, H. (1974). Experimenter and subject sex effects in the skin
              conductance response. Psychophysiology, 11, 191-196.
              Rec#: 9475
              Keywords: experimenter-gender/skin conductance response/gender.
              Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 3(2), 236.

2489. Fisher, L.E., & Kotses, H. (1973). Race differences and experimenter race effect in
              galvanic skin response. Psychophysiology, 10, 578-582.
              Rec#: 9476
              Keywords: subjects-racial variables/race-experimenter/GSR/habituation.
              Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 2(4), 356.

2490. Fisher, R.P., & Geiselman, R.E. Anonymous. (1986). Grand USDJ-0-IJ-CX-0053, Final
              Report for NIJ,
              Rec#: 1749
              Keywords: interrogation-cognitive
              interview/research-interrogation/memory-witnesses.

2491. Fisher, R.P., Geiselman, R.E., & Raymond, D.S. (1987). Critical analysis of police
              interview techniques. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 15,
              177-185.
              Rec#: 1750
              Keywords: interrogation-witnesses/interrogation-cognitive
              interview/interviewing-witnesses/memory-witnesses/police techniques.

2492. Fisher, R.P., Geiselman, R.E., Raymond, D.S., Jurkevich, L.M., & Warhaftig, M.L.
              (1987). Enhancing enhanced eyewitness memory: Refining the cognitive
              interview. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 15, 291-297.
              Rec#: 1751
              Keywords: memory-witnesses/interviewing-witnesses/interrogation-cognitive
              interview.
              Notes: Reprinted in David V. Canter, Criminal Detection and the Psychology of
              Crime (p. 65-71), Brookfield, Vermont, Dartmouth Publishing Company
              Limited.

2493. Fiske, R.B., Jr. (1980). False statements. American Criminal Law Review, 18,
              273-280.
              Rec#: 1754
              Keywords: law-perjury/perjury-surveys-law/lying-perjury.

2494. Fitzpatrick, P., Klorman, R., Brumaghim, J.T., & Keefover, R.W. (1988). Effects of
              methylphenidate on stimulus evaluation and response processes: Evidence from
              performance and event-reated potentials. Psychophysiology, 25, 292-304.
              Rec#: 6618
              Keywords: memory/stimulants/response /methylphenidate/event-related
              potentials/P3b.

2495. Fitzpatrick, R.B. (1975). Speech by the ACLU before the DC Council. Polygraph, 4,
              356-361.
              Rec#: 1755
              Keywords: criticism-political/legislation-District of Columbia.

2496. Fjordbak, T. (1985). Clinical correlates of high lie scale elevations among forensic
             patients. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 252-255.
             Rec#: 9782
             Keywords: MMPI/subjects-psychotic/paranoid psychopathology.

2497. Flaherty, F.J. (1983). Polygraphs: The big lie? The National Law Journal, 5, 1,
             28-29.
             Rec#: 1761
             Keywords: law-suits-examiners/criticism-malpractice.

2498. Flaherty, F.J. (1982). Truth technology. The Progressive, 30-35.
             Rec#: 1760
             Keywords: American Civil Liberties Union/criticism-political.

2499. Flanagan, S.M. (1987). Employer-employee relations - The Employee Polygraph
             Protection Act: Eliminating polygraph testing in private employment is not the
             answer. Southern Illinois University Law Journal, 11, 355-380.
               Rec#: 1762
               Keywords:
               law-employment/screening-commercial/legislation-federal-commercial/licensing/
               EPPA.

2500. Fleming, P.A., & Logan, E. (1976). Countermeasures study: Chemical interferance with
            dry electrode contacts. Polygraph Review, 2, 14-20.
            Rec#: 1765
            Keywords:
            countermeasures-chemical/electrodermal-blocking/countermeasures-chemical.
            Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, (1987), 16(4), 285-291.

2501. Fleming, R.P., & Herrington, P.B. Anonymous. Sandia National Laboratories. (1985).
            systems research report,
            Rec#: 6303
            Keywords: computerization.
            Notes: Prepared for the Laboratory Division of the FBI.

2502. Fletcher, C.H. (1949). Three systems which protect both personnel and management.
             Bankers Monthly, 66, 30, 32, 34.
             Rec#: 1767
             Keywords: screening-commercial-banking.

2503. Floch, M. (1950). Limitations of the lie detector. Journal of Criminal Law,
             Criminology and Police Science, 40, 651-653.
             Rec#: 1769
             Keywords: criticism-validity/historical interest-criticism/subjects-general.

2504. Florez, David, Seigler, John, and Rosenfeld, J. Peter. Feedback -P3-based deception
              detection. nd.
               Rec#: 6304
              Keywords: P3.
              Notes: Northwestern University, Dept. of Psychology.

2505. Florida Department of Law Enforcement, O.o.I.G. Anonymous. (1993 Oct).
             IG93-63-006,
             Rec#: 6584
             Keywords: voice stress analysis/PSE/law enforcement.

2506. Florida Institute for Law Enforcement. Anonymous. Department of Police
             Administration . (1970).
             Rec#: 1772
             Keywords: applications-criminal investigations/Florida.

2507. Floyd, W. Michael. Comparison of standard yes/no response and keyword response in a
             counterintelligence-suitability polygraph examination. 87.
             Rec#: 1774
             Keywords: countermeasures/dissociation/techniques-keyword
              response/utility/applications-counterintelligence/field-techniques.
              Notes: Paper presented at the Federal Interagency Polygraph Seminar, FBI
              Academy, Quantico, VA. Printed in Polygraph, 16, 97-105.
              Abstract: A total of 120 subjects of official polygraph examinations were
              randomly assigned to one of two groups. Group 1 was tested using the
              relevant/irrelevant technique with the standard yes/no response by each subject.
              Group 2 was also tested using the relevant/irrelevant technique but with the
              key-word response by each subject. Each polygraph examination consisted of
              several series of charts with the particular technique. A series consisted of
              counterintelligence and suitability relevant questions. Three certified polygraph
              examiners conducted all of the examinations, using a Lafayette Ambassador
              polygraph instrument, which monitored relative change in thoracic and abdominal
              respiratory patterns, electrodermal activity, and cardiovascular activity. Results
              indicate that the standard yes/no response and the key word response produce
              similar numbers of "no significant reactions," "significant physiological
              reactions," and "inconclusive reactions." The two techniques are thus similarly
              successful in developing information. The average number of charts necessary to
              reach a determination were nearly identical. The overall time of administration
              was not significantly different between the two techniques. At the minimum, the
              key word response should be considered as an alternative in approaching
              re-examination when the examiner suspects the subject to be unstimulated or
              having difficulty focusing on what is relevant. 3 tables and 2 references.

2508. Flynn, S., Reichard, M., & Slane, S. (1987). Cheating as a function of task outcome and
             machiavellianism. Journal of Psychology, 121, 423-427.
             Rec#: 1776
             Keywords: cheating/personality variables-Machiavellianism/subjects-personality
             variables.

2509. Anonymous. Remarks by John Fochtman on behalf of The American Polygraph
           Association and the American Association of Police Polygraphists. ed.
           Washington, DC: GPO.
           Rec#: 1777
           Keywords: screening-commercial/legislation-federal-commercial.
           Notes: Printed in APA Newsletter, 15(6), 7-8.

2510. Ford, C.V., King, B.H., & Hollender, M.H. (1988). Lies and liars: Psychiatric aspects of
             prevarication. American Journal of Psychiatry, 145, 554-562.
              Rec#: 1779
             Keywords: lying-personality variables/lying-motivation.

2511. Ford, M.H. (1978). [Reivew of the book Profitability through loss control].
             Polygraph, 7, 155-156.
             Rec#: 1780
             Keywords: book reviews.

2512. Forkosch, M.D. (1939). The lie detector and the courts. New York University Law
              Quarterly Review, 16, 202-231.
              Rec#: 1781
              Keywords: admissibility/historical interest.

2513. Forman, R.F. (1985). The reliability and validity of three polygraph techniques using
            the field practice model. Dissertation Abstracts International, 45, 3622
            Rec#: 1783
            Keywords:
            validity-laboratory/reliability-laboratory/research-techniques/dissertations and
            theses/techniques-zone comparison test/techniques-positive control
            questions/techniques-guilty knowledge test.
            Notes: (University Microfilm International No. 8503690).

2514. Forman, R.F., & McCauley, C. (1986). Validity of the positive control polygraph test
            using the field practice model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 71, 691-698.
            Rec#: 1784
            Keywords: techniques-PCT/techniques-CQT/techniques-GKT/validity.
            Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph (1987), 16(2), 145-160.
            Abstract: Using this model, we tested 38 subjects with one repetition of a
            four-item Positive Control Test, two repetitions of a four-item Control Question
            Test, and one repetition of a three-item guilty Knowledge Test. The Positive
            Control Test, a new and previously unvalidated test format, obtained average
            accuracy of 73 percent for the examiner and 78 percent for a "blind" judge of the
            polygraph record. Similar average accuracy was obtained with the other two
            tests, but the Positive Control Test was less biased against detection of truth than
            the Control Question Test and less biased against detection of deception than the
            guilty Knowledge Test. Further results indicate that incentive to avoid detection
            may increase detectability of the deceptive, that a combination of Positive Control
            and Control Question Tests may be more accurate than either alone, and that
            number of repetitions of questions may be more important than "chart minutes" in
            increasing detectability with the Control Question Test.

2515. Forman, S.B. Anonymous. Model notice of employee rights, model employer
            supporting statement, requirements of Polygraph examiner. (1988).
            Rec#: 1786
            Keywords: law-waivers/law-labor-rights/Employee Polygraph Protection
            Act/EPPA.
            Notes: National Retail Merchants Association.

2516. Forman, S.B. (1988). A special report: Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988.
            Labor Developments Newsletter, 1-5.
            Rec#: 1785
            Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/law-federal-commercial/EPPA.

2517. Forney, J.A. President TechTron Manufacturing Corp. (Apr 6 1988).
             Rec#: 6760
             Keywords: polygraph general/blood pressure/POT/GKT.
2518. Forrest, J.A., & Feldman, R.S. (2000). Detecting deception and judge's involvement:
              Lower task involvement leads to better lie detection. Personality and Social
              Psychology Bulletin, 26, 118-125.
              Rec#: 6125
              Keywords: attention/deception.
              Abstract: Videotaped samples of target individuals making honest or dishonest
              statements were shown to 66 male and female Ss who judged each sample in
              terms of honesty. The Ss were either highly involved in the judging task or
              relatively uninvolved. It was hypothesized that highly involved Ss would engage
              in central route processing and therefore attend more to the verbal message,
              whereas less-involved Ss would engage in peripheral route processing and
              therefore attend more to the nonverbal behavior of the targets. Because nonverbal
              cues are most indicative of deception, it was hypothesized-and found-that
              low-involvement participants would be more accurate at detecting deception than
              would high involvement participants. Gender differences and support for a
              motivational impairment effect were found, in which lies told by people who were
              highly motivated to lie successfully were more easily detected.

2519. Forth, A.E., Hart, S.D., Hare, R.D., & Harper T. J. (1988). Event-related brain potentials
             and detection of deception . Psychophysiology, 25, 446
             Rec#: 1790
             Keywords: research-EEG/EEG-ERP
             responses/theory-EEG/techniques-novel-EEG .
             Notes: [abstract] Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for
             Psychophysiological Research, San Francisco, California, 8 p.

2520. Forth, A.E., Strachan, K.E., & Hare, R.D. (1989). The use of event-related brain
             potentials for the detection of guilty knowledge. Psychophysiology, 26, S26
             Rec#: 1791
             Keywords: ERP/EEG/evoked potentials/research-EEG/techniques-GKT/response
             latency.
             Notes: [abstract].

2521. Forth, Adelle E., Strachan, Katy E., and Hare, Robert D. The use of event-related
             potentials for the detection of guilty knowledge. 89.
             Rec#: 9143
             Keywords: ERP/P300/guilty knowledge.
             Notes: The Society of Psychophysiological Research Twenty-ninth Annual
             Meeting, New Orleans, LA.

2522. Foster, D.G., & Link, F.C. (1983). Interviewing the structured questions; The kinesic
              technique (Part VI). The National Fire & Arson Report, 1, 6
              Rec#: 1792
              Keywords: interrogation-kinesic.

2523. Foster, G., & Link, F.C. (1984). The four "P's" (part II); privacy. The Interrogation
              News, 1, 1-2.
              Rec#: 6640
              Keywords: confessions/privacy.

2524. Fowles, D.C. (1999). For distinguished contributions to psychophysiology: David
            Lykken. Psychophysiology, 36, 537-542.
            Rec#: 7095
            Keywords: eye movement/environmental influences/electrodermal
            activity/affective-disorders/retest stability/skin-conductance/habituation.

2525. Fowles, D.C., Christie, M.J., Edelberg, R., Grings, W.W., Lykken, D.T., & Venables,
            P.H. (1981). Publication recommendations for electrodermal measurements.
            Psychophysiology, 18, 232-239.
            Rec#: 9181
            Keywords: electrodermal-measurement-methodology.

2526. Fowles, D.C., & Johnson, G. (1973). The influence of variations in electrolyte
            concentration on skin potential level and response amplitude. Biological
            Psychology, 1, 151-160.
            Rec#: 9478
            Keywords: electrolytes/skin potential /response amplitude.
            Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 2(4), 354.

2527. Fox, D. (1972). Screening police applicants. Polygraph, 1, 80-83.
             Rec#: 1797
             Keywords: screening-police-Kalamazoo/Kalamazoo Police Department.

2528. Fox, D.R. (1992). Polygraph techniques for sex offenders on probation. Polygraph,
             21, 44-50.
             Rec#: 1799
             Keywords: Surveillance/sex offenders/probation.

2529. Fox, Dennis R. Survey of state law enforcement agencies and use of the polygraph. 82.
             Rec#: 1798
             Keywords: examiners-state police/examiners-compensation/surveys-state
             agencies.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript, 6 p. Tables.

2530. Fox, S. (1988). Polygraph use: A recent bank experience. ABA Banking Journal, 80,
              98, 100.
              Rec#: 1801
              Keywords: applications-banking.

2531. Fox, W.L. V.A. Leonard. (1958). The chart system of pretest interview in the U.S.
            Academy.     Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 91-94 p. 2 .
            Rec#: 1802
            Keywords: pretest interview.

2532. Frank, M.G. (1989). Human lie detection ability as a function of the liar's motive.
              Dissertation Abstracts International, 50: (3-B, January). 1153
              Rec#: 1804
              Keywords: research-nonverbal detection of deception/dissertations and theses.
              Notes: (University Microfilm No. AAD89-15105), 101 p.

2533. Frank, R.H. (1989). Honesty as an evolutionary stable strategy. Behavioral and Brain
             Sciences, 12, 705-706.
             Rec#: 1805
             Keywords: theory-evolution/theory-cognition/theory-self interest/honesty.

2534. Frank, Robert H. A theory of moral sentiments. 89.
             Rec#: 1806
             Keywords: theory-evolution/theory-cognition/morality/theory-predisposition of
             theory-self interest/behavioral indicators.
             Notes: Paper delivered at the 1989 meeting of the American Association for the
             Advancement of Science, San Francisco, CA.

2535. Frankel, E.B. (1986). Why I'm a believer in lie detector tests. Medical Economics, 63,
             127
             Rec#: 1807
             Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment/screening-commercial-theft.

2536. Franz, M.L. Anonymous. Argenbright Polygraph, Inc. (1988). Technical Report
             contract # MDA904-88-M-6612,
             Rec#: 6282
             Keywords: physiological responses/test data analysis.

2537. Frater, E. (2000). Polarized over polygraphs. National Journal, September 9,
              2800-2801.
              Rec#: 7329
              Keywords: employee
              screening/FBI/CIA/counterintelligence/reliability/Department of Defense
              Polygraph Institute/Drug Enforcement Administration.

2538. Freedman, C.D. (1988). Structuring investigative discretion in Canada:
            Recommendations for police questioning. Police Studies, 11, 139-154.
            Rec#: 1813
            Keywords: police questioning.

2539. Anonymous. Relationship between sweat gland count and skin conductance activity.
           ed.
           Rec#: 6707
           Keywords: skin conductance.
           Notes: Presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological
           Research, Chicago, October, 1991.

2540. Freedman, L.Z. (1964). Forensic psychiatry. American Journal of Psychiatry, 120,
            692-694.
               Rec#: 8183
               Keywords: forensic psychiatry.
               Notes: Review of Psychiatric Progress 1963.

2541. French, M. (1951). Oh, all my employees are honest. American Business Magazine,
             5-8.
             Rec#: 1816
             Keywords: cases-theft/screening-commercial-theft.

2542. French, T. (1991). Unanswered cries. New York: St. Martin's Press.
             Rec#: 1818
             Keywords: cases-murder/Lewis, George/Gregory, Karen/Michael,
             Frank/Brentnell, Mike.
             Abstract: Chronicles a Florida murder case solved largely by the polygraph. See
             pp 90-120.

2543. Frese, F.J., III. (1979). Biofeedback, lie detection, and psychophysiological assessment
              of dangerousness. Polygraph, 8, 301-305.
              Rec#: 1820
              Keywords:
              psychophysiology/biofeedback/psychopaths/subjects-psychopaths/research-biofee
              dback/applications-assessment of dangerousness.

2544. Frese, F.J., III. (1978). General reactivity and stereotypy in detection of deception.
              Dissertation Abstracts International, (November). -
              Rec#: 1821
              Keywords: validity-laboratory/test data analysis/dissertations and theses.
              Notes: (University Microfilm No. AAD79-18036), 74 p.

2545. Frese, Frederick J., III. Response lability and stereotypy in the detection of deception.
              77.
              Rec#: 1819
              Keywords:
              research-laboratory/validity-laboratory/psychophysiology-stereotypy/psychophysi
              ology-lability.
              Notes: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of
              Psychophysiological Research, Philadelphia, PA.

2546. Frick, R.W. (1985). Communicating emotion: The role of prosodic features.
              Psychological Bulletin, 97, 412-429.
              Rec#: 1823
              Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

2547. Fried, M. (1985). The truth about lie detectors in Maryland. Maryland Bar Journal,
             18, 6-8.
             Rec#: 1824
             Keywords: screening-commercial-Maryland/law-Maryland.
2548. Friedhoff, A.J., Alpert, M., & Kurtzberg, R.L. (1962). An effect of emotion on voice.
             Nature, 193, 357
             Rec#: 1826
             Keywords: voice/mood/emotion.

2549. Friedhoff, A.J., Alpert, M., & Kurtzberg, R.L. (1964). An electro-acoustic analysis of
             the effects of stress on voice. Journal of Neuropsychiatry, 5, 266-272.
             Rec#: 1825
             Keywords: voice stress/respiration.

2550. Friedlander, Y., Gazit, E., & Eliahu, E. (1998). Differences in electrodermal response
             patterns for males and females. Polygraph, 27, 271-275.
             Rec#: 7098
             Keywords: sex differences/POT/peak of tension/electrodermal
             response/psychophysiological responses.

2551. Friedman, H.S. (1978). The relative strength of verbal versus nonverbal cues.
            Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 4, 147-150.
            Rec#: 1827
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

2552. Friedman, N. (1985). Heart skips and jumps. Self,
            Rec#: 6706
            Keywords: heart rate/EKG.

2553. Friedman, R.N., Martin, J., Reis, G., Lambert, J., & Wilson, G.F. (2001). Evaluation of
            flexible cloth electrodes for electrodermal activity recording. Aviation, Space
            and Environmental Medicine, 72, 750-757.
            Rec#: 723
            Keywords: electrode/electrodermal activity/electrodermal-research.

2554. Frierson, J.G. (1988). New polygraph tests limits. Personnel Journal, 67, 84-89.
             Rec#: 1829
             Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988.

2555. Frierson, J.G. (1988). What are the alternatives as polygraph exams for employees come
             to an end? Preventive Law Reporter, 10-12.
             Rec#: 1830
             Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988.

2556. Frisby, B.R. (1976). Effect of menses on polygraph examinations - A pilot study.
              Polygraph, 5, 303-308.
              Rec#: 1834
              Keywords:
              research-laboratory/subjects-female/physiology-menstruation/research-menses/me
              nstruation-effect on tests.

2557. Frisby, Bob R. Feasibility study: Reliance on polygraph examinations of females. 65.
              Rec#: 1833
              Keywords: subjects-female/physiology-menstruation/pretest
              interview/research-women-menstruation.
              Notes: Unpublished manuscript, U.S. Air Force.

2558. Frisby, B.R. (1979). Research into the semantics of the irrelevant question. Polygraph,
              8, 205-223.
              Rec#: 1835
              Keywords: question formulation/irrelevants .

2559. Frisby, B.R. (1961). The semantics of the irrelevant question in lie detector
              examinations.
              Rec#: 1832
              Keywords: question formulation-irrelevants/research-question
              formulation/dissertations and theses.
              Notes: Unpublished Master's thesis.

2560. Frister, H. (1994). Der Lügendetektor - Zulässiger Sachbeweis oder unzulässige
               Vernehmungsmethode? [The lie detector: Admissible evidence or inadmissible
               interrogation method?] . Zeitschrift Fuer Die Gesamte Strafrechtswissenschaft,
               106, 303-331.
               Rec#: 9144
               Keywords: Germany/admissibility-Germany.
               Notes: [text in German].
               Abstract: General review of polygraph admissibility in Germany. Concludes that
               the polygraph violates para. 136a of the criminal code, and the current
               prohibition is correct, even when the defendant wishes to take it.

2561. Frosh, S.B. (1975). Polygraphs: A balancing of the interests. Polygraph, 4, 341-355.
             Rec#: 1839
             Keywords: screening-commercial-investigations/legislation-municipal.

2562. Fry, E.H., & Fry, N.E. (1988). Information vs. privacy: The polygraph debate.
             Personnel, 65, 57-60.
             Rec#: 1840
             Keywords: legislation-federal/applications-commercial.

2563. Fugita, S.S., Hogrebe, M.C., & Wesley, K.N. (1980). Perceptions of deception:
              Perceived expertise in detecting deception, successfulness of deception and
              nonverbal cues. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 6, 637-643.
              Rec#: 1843
              Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception.

2564. Anonymous. Cognitive factors and CS-UCS interval effects in the differential
           conditioning and extinction of skin conductance responses. ed.
           Rec#: 6708
           Keywords: SCR.
              Notes: Presented at the Seventeenth annual meeting of the Society for
              Psychophysiological Research, Otctober, 1977, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

2565. Fukuda, K. (2001). Eye blinks: New indices for the detection of deception.
            International Journal of Psychophysiology, 40, 239-245.
            Rec#: 7233
            Keywords: detection of deception/eye blink/selective attention.
            Abstract: Examined changes to the temporal distribution of eyeblinks (TDBs) that
            occur during deception. In Exp 1, eye blinks were recorded for 10 female Ss
            completing guilty knowledge card tasks. In Exp 2, 11 Ss completed dual modality
            attention tasks. Results show that the blink rate pattern discriminated between
            relevant and irrelevant stimuli in Exp 1, and that the blink rate peak after the
            visual stimulus was significant during auditory attended tasks in Exp 2. Blinks
            were delayed while attending to stimuli in both modalities. Findings suggest that
            TDBs are useful measures for detecting deception during performance of dual
            modality attention-focusing tasks.

2566. Fukumoto, J. (1980). A case in which the polygraph was the sole evidence for
           conviction. Polygraph, 9, 42-44.
           Rec#: 1844
           Keywords: admissibility-Japan/cases-theft-Japan/techniques-peak of
           tension/question formulation-peak of tension/Japan.

2567. Fukumoto, J. (1982). Psychophysiological detection of deception in Japan: The past and
           the present. Polygraph, 11, 234-238.
           Rec#: 1845
           Keywords: Japan/history/instruments/examiners/techniques/surveys.
           Abstract: During the 1920's several Japanese psychologists researched
           electrodermal activity as an indicator of emotions, but World War II interrupted
           research in lie detection activities. After World War II, the polygraphic method
           was adopted, modeled after that used in the United States. The Keeler model 302
           polygraph was first introduced to Japan in 1953 and served as a pattern for two
           domestically produced polygraphs introduced in 1955: the YKK polygraph and
           the TKK polygraph. The Japanese polygraphs were gradually adopted at all
           prefectural police headquarters. Since 1953, police officers and technical officers
           have been trained as polygraph examiners at the National Institute of Police
           Science. Examiners trainees are now selected from university graduates majoring
           in psychology or other related technical fields. Currently, the peak-of-tension test
           is preferred in examinations, with the control-question test serving as a
           supplement. About 4,600 to 4,800 polygraph test are administered annually in
           Japan. The polygraph is used by police,the Inspection Bureau of the Postal
           service, and the Self Defense Force. The polygraph test in Japan is considered a
           psychological test or psychological procedure; whereas, in the United States it is
           used an interrogative technique. Polygraph results have frequently been admitted
           as evidence in court. Nineteen references are listed.

2568. Fuller, D.J., & Jackson, T.T. (1984). The relationship between altruism and dishonesty.
              Journal of Social Psychology, 125, 273-274.
              Rec#: 1848
              Keywords: theory-lying/lying-honesty.

2569. Fuller, F.H. Anonymous. U.S. Army Land Warfare Laboratory. (1972 Sep).
              LWL-CR-03B70, National Institute of Justice/National Criminal Justice
              Reference Service Microfiche Program, Box 6000, Department F, Rockville, MD
              20850.
              Rec#: 7842
              Keywords: polygraph/voice stress analysis/stress analyzer/techniques-peak of
              tension/techniques-zone comparison test.
              Abstract: Tests showed that known lie responses to a question caused a shift in the
              total amount of energy present in the frequency ranges of 100-120 and 600-800
              cycles per second of an individual's speech signal. This project tested a
              prototype voice analyzer by analyzing numerous tape recordings of subject
              interrogations for actual and staged crimes. These interrogations were grouped
              into two major categories. The "peak-of-tension tests" were designed such that a
              subject, asked the same question concerning a number of similar items, was
              expected to react to only one of these questions as evidenced by a polygraph. In
              the "zone of comparison test" responses to innocuous questions were compared to
              responses to questions expected to evoke a stressful response. Results of the
              voice data analyses are discussed in detail. It was found that the prototype voice
              analyzer, when used with the zone of comparison protocol, provides an effective
              means of assessing guilt or innocence with high confidence. Schematic drawings
              of the prototype circuits and equipment are also included, along with a description
              of the signal flow through the circuits. The interrogaton and assessment
              protocols for use of the voice analyzer are also summarized.

2570. Fuller, F.H. S.I. Cohn. (1968). Experimental investigation of voice changes in lying.
              Illinois Institute of Research. 343-348 p. 2.
              Rec#: 1849
              Keywords: vocal cues/stress/lying.

2571. Funk, F.L. (1974). California admits polygraph evidence: Comments on the case. APA
             Newsletter, 2, 10-11.
             Rec#: 1853
             Keywords: admissibility-California.

2572. Funk, F.L. Anonymous. (1975). The introduction of polygraph into the Superior Court
             of California. Whittier, CA: International Printers.
             Rec#: 1854
             Keywords: admissibility-California.
             Abstract: A complete transcript laying the foundation for the Polygraph and its
             techniques as given before Judge Ernest L. Kelly, Superior Court, and other
             Presentations in Trial Proceedings.

2573. Funk, F.L. (1972). Polygraph operations in the Los Angeles Police Department.
              Polygraph, 1, 170-175.
              Rec#: 1852
              Keywords: surveys-police/Los Angeles/administration.

2574. Furedy, J.J. Membership of SPR. (Summer 1994).
             Rec#: 8584
             Keywords: control question tests/ethics/Society for Psychophysiological
             Research.
             Notes: Regarding potential conflicts between the "control" question "test" (CQT)
             polygraph and SPR's draft ethics code.

2575. Furedy, J.J. (1991). Alice-in-Wonderland terminological usage in, and communicational
             concerns about, that peculiarly American flight of technological fancy: The CQT
             polygraph. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science , 26, 241-247.
             Rec#: 4479
             Keywords: CQT-criticism/terminology/test data analysis/Canada.
             Notes: International Organization of Psychophysiology Symposium on the
             Validity of the Polygraph (1990, Toronto, Canada). Abstracted in
             Psychophysiology, 26(4A)(Supplement), 28.
             Abstract: Alice-in-Wonderland (AW) terminological usage employs basic terms
             in a systematically misleading and taxonomically anarchic way. The so-called
             Control Question Technique (CQT) polygraph procedure, which enjoys a
             controversial but nevertheless scientific status in North America, involves such
             AW terminological usage. The concepts of "test," "control," and "quantification"
             are loosely employed. There is loose talk about the "detection of deception,"
             which generates the paradox that in the CQT it is in the innocent that deception
             should be detected. Deception is not really assessed either in the CQT or in the
             more scientifically-based Guilty Knowledge Test. There is loose practice in
             evaluating the CQT, which should not be primarily assessed in terms of its overall
             accuracy, but in terms of its specific effects in improving accuracy through the
             provision of physiological information to the examiner.

2576. Furedy, J.J. (1993). The "control" question "test" (CQT) polygrapher's dilemma:
             Logico-ethical considerations for psychophysiological practitioners and
             researchers. International Journal of Psychophysiology , 15, 263-267.
             Rec#: 9286
             Keywords: techniques-CQT-criticism/ethics/interrogation-false confessions.
             Abstract: Contends that the so-called "control" question "test" (CQT) polygraph
             has been criticized on methodological and ethical grounds by
             psychophysiologists. Ethical analyses have focussed on the possibility that the
             CQT's interrogative features may elicit false confessions, but an empirical
             problem is that the rate of these false confessions is difficult to establish. The
             author raises a logico-ethical problem for the CQT, called the Polygrapher's
             Dilemma (PD). The 2 horns of the PD are damage to the innocent examinee
             classified as deceptive and damage to those examinees' psychological well being
             who are classified as nondeceptive to the relevant questions and who are not even
             debriefed concerning their feelings of unease about issues raised by the
              comparison, so-called "control" questions. It is also argued that not only
              practitioners but also researchers (who use the CQT in laboratory, "mock-crime"
              situations) are affected by PD.

2577. Furedy, J.J. (1985). Credulous vs. critical police use of the polygraph in criminal
             investigations. Canadian Journal of Criminology, 27, 491-495.
             Rec#: 9287
             Keywords: applications-police/applications-criminal investigations/false positive.
             Abstract: Responds to F. J. Desroches and A. S. Thomas's (see PA, Vol 73:3605)
             study of police use of the polygraph in criminal investigations by discussing the
             psychological discomfort associated with the procedure for the innocent
             examinee, the problem of false positives, and the potential for false confessions.

2578. Furedy, J.J. (1970). CS and UCS intervals and orders in human autonomic classifcal
             differential trace conditioning. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 24, 417-426.
             Rec#: 6709
             Keywords: GSR/autonomic response.

2579. Furedy, John J. Detection of deception vs. CQT polygraphy: A narrow,
             psychophysiological perspective. 86.
             Rec#: 1862
             Keywords: theory/criticism-validity/Canada.
             Notes: Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological
             Research, Montreal, Canada. Abstracted in Psychophysiology, 23(4), 418.

2580. Furedy, J.J. (1987). Evaluating polygraphy from a psychophysiological perspective: A
             specific-effects analysis. Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science, 22, 145-152.
             Rec#: 1863
             Keywords: criticism-validity/Canada.
             Notes: Reprinted in Psychophysiology 28 (2), 163-171.

2581. Furedy, John J. Experimental analysis and theoretical accounts of deception as a
             psychological process. 91.
             Rec#: 1867
             Keywords: theory/deception/psychology.
             Notes: Paper presented at the 31st annual meeting of the Society for
             Psychophysiological Research, October 9-13, 1991, Chicago, IL. Reprinted in
             Psychophysiology, 28(3A) (Supplement), S3.

2582. Furedy, John J. Experimental Psychophysiology and North American pseudoscientific
             poligraphy (sic): Conceptual concerns and practical problems. 90.
             Rec#: 9784
             Keywords: psychophysiology/guilty knowledge.
             Notes: The 5th International Congress of Psychophysiology, Budapest, Hungary,
             July 9-13, 1990.

2583. Furedy, J.J. (1991). Experimental psychophysiology and pseudoscientific polygraphy:
              Conceptual concerns, practical problems, and cultural considerations: An
              introduction . Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science , 26, 211-213.
              Rec#: 4463
              Keywords: techniques-control question test/techniques-guilty knowledge test.
              Notes: International Organization of Psychophysiology Symposium on the
              Validity of the Polygraph (1990, Budapest, Hungary).
              Abstract: Introduces 4 papers presented orally in a symposium at the International
              Organization of Psychophysiology Meetings in Budapest, Hungary, in July 1990.
              The papers review methods of polygraph testing, including the Control Question
              Technique (CQT) and the Guilty Knowledge Test. Phases of the CQT are
              outlined.

2584. Furedy, J.J. (1985). In my opinion....Credulous vs. critical police use of the polygraph in
             criminal investigations. Canadian Journal of Criminology, 27, 491-495.
             Rec#: 1858
             Keywords: criticism-validity/Canada.

2585. Furedy, J.J. M.G.H. Coles. (1985). Lie detection as psychophysiological differentiation:
             Some fine lines . - p.
             Rec#: 1859
             Keywords: lying/polygraph-theory/history/techniques/validity-review.
             Notes: (Section III, Applications, Chapter 25).

2586. Furedy, J.J. (1989). The North American CQT polygraph and the legal profession: a
             case of Canadian credulity and a cause for cultural concern. The Criminal Law
             Quarterly, 31, 431-451.
             Rec#: 9785
             Keywords: techniques-CQT.

2587. Furedy, J.J. (1987). On some research-community contributions to the myth and symbol
             of biofeedback. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 4, 293-297.
             Rec#: 6771
             Keywords: biofeedback/con-contingent control/instrumental conditioning.

2588. Furedy, J.J. (1986). Polygraphy and biofeedback: Two bone-pointing instruments of
             modern technological superstitious (?) society. Biological Psychology, 23,
             93-94.
             Rec#: 1861
             Keywords: criticism/Canada.

2589. Furedy, J.J. (1998). A principled evaluation of the "control" question "test": back to
             some scientific, applied, and ethical basics. International Journal of
             Psychophysiology, 30, 26
             Rec#: 7549
             Keywords: CQT/evidence.
             Notes: [abstract only].
2590. Furedy, J.J. (1982). [Review of the book A tremor in the blood]. Criminal Justice
             and Behavior, 9, 501-508.
             Rec#: 1856
             Keywords: book reviews/Canada.

2591. Furedy, J.J. (1990). [Review of the book The Polygraph test: Lies, truth and science].
             Current Psychology: Research & Reviews, 339-341.
             Rec#: 6305
             Keywords: book reviews.

2592. Furedy, J.J. (1985). Some post-phillionic flights of polygraphic fancy.    Criminal
             Lawyers' Association Newsletter, 6 , -
             Rec#: 1860
             Keywords: Canada/criticism.

2593. Anonymous. Testimony of Dr. John J. Furedy. ed.
           Rec#: 9444
           Keywords: confessions-voluntariness/Furedy, John
           J./psychophysiology/techniques-control question test/techniques-guilty
           knowledge test/interrogation/Fegley, Arthur/Department of Defense External
           Curriculum Review Committee/courtroom testimony/criticism-scientific.

2594. Furedy, J.J., & Ben-Shakhar, G. (1991). The roles of deception, intention to deceive,
             and motivation to avoid detection in the psychophysiological detection of guilty
             knowledge. Psychophysiology, 28, 163-171.
             Rec#: 1869
             Keywords: electrodermal differentiation/guilty knowledge paradigm/intention to
             deceive/motivation.

2595. Furedy, J.J., Davis, C., & Gurevich, M. (1988). Differentiation of deception as a
             psychological process: A psychophysiological approach. Psychophysiology,
             25, 683-688.
             Rec#: 1871
             Keywords: deception differentiation/skin conductance
             response/techniques-CQT/techniques-GKT/response interference/control for
             significance and frequency.

2596. Furedy, J.J., Gigliotti, F., & Ben-Shakhar, G. (1994). Electrodermal differentiation of
             deception: The effect of choice versus no choice of deceptive items.
             International Journal of Psychophysiology, 18, 13-22.
             Rec#: 1872
             Keywords: GKT/electrodermal.

2597. Furedy, J.J.,, & Heslegrave, R.J. J.R. Jennings, P.K. Ackles, & M.G.H. Coles. (1991).
             The forensic use of the polygraph: A psychophysiological analysis of current
             trends and future prospects. London: Jessica Kingsley. 157-189 p. 4.
             Rec#: 1868
              Keywords: Criticism/validity.

2598. Furedy, J.J.,, & Heslegrave, R.J. J.R. Jennings, P.K. Ackles, & M.G.H. Coles. (1991).
             Some elaborations on the specific-effects orientation's application to North
             America CQT polygraphs. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. 233-245 p.
             4.
             Rec#: 1855
             Keywords: criticism-validity/CQT-specific effects position/control question tests.

2599. Furedy, J.J., & Heslegrave, R.J. (1988). Validity of the lie detector: A
             psychophysiological perspective. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 15, 219-246.
              Rec#: 1873
             Keywords: validity-review/Canada.

2600. Furedy, J.J., & Liss, J. (1986). Countering confessions induced by the polygraph; Of
             confessionals and psychological rubber hoses. The Criminal Law Quarterly,
             29, 91-114.
             Rec#: 1875
             Keywords: criticism-general/Canada.

2601. Furedy, J.J., Posner, R.T., & Vincent, A. (1991). Electrodermal differentiation of
             deception: Perceived accuracy and perceived memorial content manipulations.
             International Journal of Psychophysiology, 11, 91-97.
             Rec#: 1876
             Keywords: electrodermal.

2602. Furedy, J.J., & Vincent, A. (1989). A taxonomy of experimental psychophysiological
             deception procedures: Some basic distinctions reconsidered. Psychophysiology ,
             26, 28
             Rec#: 1877
             Keywords: criticism/Canada.
             Notes: [abstract].

2603. Furgerson, R.M. (1989). Evaluating investigative polygraph results. FBI Law
             Enforcement Bulletin, 58, 6-11.
             Rec#: 1881
             Keywords:
             examiners-training/examiners-competence/examiners-ethics/subjects/quality
             control/policy/Federal Bureau of Investigation/quality control.
             Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 18(4), 208-215.

2604. Furgerson, R.M. (1992). Perspectives on polygraph: A guide to survival. Polygraph,
             21, 164-173.
             Rec#: 1882
             Keywords: polygraph-education/polygraph-research-general/law enforcement.

2605. Furgerson, R.M. (1987). Polygraph policy model for law enforcement. FBI Law
             Enforcement Bulletin, 56, 6-20.
              Rec#: 1879
              Keywords: regulations/applications-varied/Federal Bureau of
              Investigation/policy-FBI.
              Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 16(3), 188-205.
              Abstract: General policy considerations pertain to the identification of persons in
              the agency authorized to approve particular types of polygraph examinations, the
              development of approval criteria, the administration of the polygraph usage
              common in law enforcement and which should be governed by policy are
              applicant testing, internal investigations, criminal investigations, examinations
              conducted as a service to other agencies, and examinations of convicted subjects.
              This article outlines policies for each of these types of polygraph examinations.
              Miscellaneous polygraph policies discussed are polygraph consent forms,
              monitoring and recording polygraph examinations, examiner competence, and
              quality control, 19 footnotes.

2606. Furgerson, R.M. (1987). Shaping a polygraph policy. Security Management, 31,
             39-42.
             Rec#: 1880
             Keywords: regulations/applications-varied/Federal Bureau of
             Investigation/policy-FBI.
             Notes: [copies available from UMI].

2607. Fuse, Louis S. Directed lie control testing technique. 82.
             Rec#: 1886
             Keywords: directed lie/question formulation-directed lie.
             Notes: Paper presented at the seminar of the Federal Interagency Polygraph
             Committee, FBI Academy, Quantico, VA.

2608. Fuse, L.S. Anonymous. Physiological theory of the functioning of the galvanic skin
             response in polygraphy. Headquarters, U.S. Army Intelligence Command.
             (1971).
             Rec#: 1885
             Keywords: theory-electrodermal-GSR.

2609. Fuse, Louis S. and Stallsmith, William A. Directed lie control testing (DLCT)
             technique. 87.
             Rec#: 1887
             Keywords: directed lie /test data analysis-directed lie.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript, 24 p.

2610. Gaillard, F. (1974). Polygraphs and privacy. Progressive, 38, 43-46.
             Rec#: 7526
             Keywords: interrogation/confessions.

2611. Gaines, Keith H. Peak of tension technique. 91.
             Rec#: 4652
             Keywords: peak of tension/guilty knowledge/deception/control question
              tests/POT/stimulation tests/inconclusive results/charts/ZCT/MGQT/CSP.

2612. Gaines, K.H. Anonymous. Department of Defense Polygraph Institute. (1992 Aug).
             DoDPI92-R-0004, .
             Rec#: 6306
             Keywords: techniques-GKT/utility/test data analysis/numerical scoring.
             Notes: DTIC AD Number A305807.
             Abstract: Eighty subjects were given polygraph examinations utilizing the Guilty
             Knowledge Test (GKT) polygraph procedure in an effort to test the utility of this
             procedure in a mock crime situation. Additionally, a semi-objective numerical
             scoring system was implemented, modified and evaluated. The subjects were
             broken down into two equal groups. The first group was programmed to commit
             the mock crime (a burglary/homicide). The second group did not commit the
             mock crime and was given no information regarding the details of the crime.
             Half of the sample (twenty innocent and twenty guilty), was utilized to design the
             scoring system. The system was then tested on the remaining half. The GKT
             with the modified numerical scoring system correctly identified fifteen of twenty
             programmed innocent subjects, with one inconclusive decision. The overall
             accuracy rate for the GKT methodology utilized in this study was 82%.

2613. Galbraith, R.S. (1983). Polygraph & the criminal investigator. CBI Bulletin, 17, 8-9.
             Rec#: 1889
             Keywords: criminal investigators.
             Notes: RCMP Gazette, 44(9).

2614. Gale, A. Anonymous. (1988). London: Sage Publications, Inc.
             Rec#: 1890
             Keywords: Lykken, David
             T./techniques-CQT/validity/research-laboratory/research-field/countermeasures/a
             pplications-screening/techniques-GKT/criticism.

2615. Gall, J.C., Jr. (1962). The case against narcointerrogation. Journal of Forensic
              Sciences, 7, 29
              Rec#: 1891
              Keywords: narcoanalysis-criticism/ethics/legal issues.

2616. Gallagher, C.E. (1965). Do lie detectors lie. This Week,
             Rec#: 6307
             Keywords: criticism.

2617. Gallagher, C.E. (1965). Why house hearings on invasion of privacy. American
             Psychologist, 20, 881-882.
             Rec#: 6308
             Keywords: screening-government/criticism.

2618. Gallup Organization. (1984). Survey of members of the Society for Psychophysiological
             Research concerning their opinion of polygraph test interpretation. Polygraph,
              13, 153-165.
              Rec#: 1892
              Keywords: surveys/poll/Frye case/General Acceptance.

2619. The Gallup Organization, Inc. CNN/US News & World Report poll on polygraph. 95.
            Rec#: 9194
            Keywords: surveys-public opinion/poll.

2620. Galton, F. (1883). An apparatus for testing the delicacy of muscular and other senses in
             different persons. Journal of the Anthropological Institute, -
             Rec#: 1893
             Keywords: historical interest-instruments/instruments-historical.

2621. Galton, F. Anonymous. (1907). Psychometrics experiments.        London: J. M. Dent &
             Company. 133-146 p.
             Rec#: 1894
             Keywords: word association.

2622. Anonymous. Testimony of Robert Gambino, Director, Office of Security, Central
           Intelligence Agency . ed. Washington, DC: GPO. 30-54p.
           Rec#: 1896
           Keywords: Central Intelligence
           Agency/screening-government/applications-counterintelligence/cases-espionage.

2623. Ganguly, A.K. (1982). Application of polygraph in India. Indian Journal of
            Criminology and Criminalistics, 2, 31-32.
            Rec#: 1898
            Keywords: India/validity/field examinations/surveys.

2624. Ganguly, A. K. Polygraph as a tool for the investigation of criminal behavior. 82.
            Rec#: 1899
            Keywords: subjects-cultural influences-India/applications-homicide/India.
            Notes: Paper presented at the 4th International Forensic Science Congress,
            Sydney, Australia.

2625. Ganguly, A.K. (1983). Polygraph (lie detector) and its legal admissibility. Indian
            Journal of Criminology and Criminalistics, 3, 88-95.
            Rec#: 1900
            Keywords: India/admissibility-India/admissibility-Japan/admissibility-Israel.

2626. Ganguly, A. K. Polygraphy in India. 87.
            Rec#: 1902
            Keywords: India/law-India/history-India/cases-India.
            Notes: Paper presented at the 22nd annual seminar of the American Polygraph
            Association, Fort Worth, TX. Printed in Polygraph, 16(3), 173-187.

2627. Ganguly, A.K. (1983). Psychological basis of polygraph (lie detector) examination & its
            role in crime investigation. CBI Bulletin, 17, 1-5.
              Rec#: 1901
              Keywords: theory/criminal investigations/utility.

2628. Ganguly, A.K., & Lahri, S.K. (1976). Application of the polygraph in the investigation
            of crime in India. Polygraph, 5, 244-249.
            Rec#: 1903
            Keywords: surveys-statistical-India/test data
            analysis/cases-theft/cases-homicide/India/bibliographies.

2629. Ganguly, A.K., Lahri, S.K., & Bhaseen, V. (1986). Detection of deception by
            conventional qualitative method and its confirmation by quantitative method - An
            experimental study in polygraphy. Polygraph, 15, 203-210.
            Rec#: 1905
            Keywords: test data analysis.

2630. Garchow, Fred G. 3T: Dick Arther's known truth control question. 75.
            Rec#: 1906
            Keywords: question formulation-Arther technique/question formulation-guilt
            complex/question formulation-control questions.
            Notes: Paper presented at the 5th annual National Workshop on Practical
            Polygraph Procedures, Delta College, MI.

2631. Gardella, S.L. (1967). How the combat polygraphist can save lives. The Journal of
             Polygraph Studies, 1,
             Rec#: 7018
             Keywords: interrogation/screening/pretest interview.

2632. Gardner, Edward R. Analysis of the House hearings on the use of the polygraph. 66.
            Rec#: 1908
            Keywords: bibliographies/legislation-federal.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript, 27 p.

2633. Gardner, E.S. (1954). The court of last resort. Pocket Books.
            Rec#: 1909
            Keywords: historical interest/cases-general/applications-investigations.

2634. Gardner, E.S. (1994). People Are Entitled To The Truth. Polygraph , 23, 105-111.
            Rec#: 9594
            Keywords: polygraph-general.

2635. Gardner, J.W. (1937). An experimental study of the Luria technique for detecting
            mental conflict. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 20, 495-506.
            Rec#: 1913
            Keywords: techniques-Luria/mental state.

2636. Gardner, S. (1989). Congress regulates truth verification in the workplace. Labor Law
            Journal, 40, 122-127.
            Rec#: 1915
              Keywords: EPPA/Employee Polygraph Protection Act.

2637. Gardner, S. (1984). Wiretapping the mind: A call to regulate truth verification in
            employment. San Diego Law Review, 21, 295-324.
            Rec#: 1914
            Keywords: screening-commercial-legislation/legislation-federal.

2638. Gardner, W.M., Roper, J.T., Gonzalez, C.C., & Simpson, R.G. (1988). Analysis of
            cheating on academic assignments. Psychological Record, 38, 543-555.
            Rec#: 1916
            Keywords: cheating.

2639. Garner, R.L. (1989). Guilty knowledge polygraph: The effects of examiner experience
             and education on interpretation accuracy. Masters Abstracts, 29: (03 ). 498
             Rec#: 1918
             Keywords: examiners-experience/examiners-education/validity-test data analysis.
             Notes: 43 p.
             Abstract: The effects of polygraph examiner experience and education on the
             accuracy of the interpretation of Guilty Knowledge polygraph chart segments
             were examined using error analysis and signal detection analysis. Twenty Guilty
             Knowledge polygraph chart segments taken from actual police examinations were
             presented to examiners at three levels of training and experience. Examiners were
             asked to rate each segment as to whether it was deceptive, truthful or
             inconclusive, as well as their certainty of that rating. The average number of
             errors in classifications was calculated for each group of examiners. In addition,
             ROC curves and sensitivity measures were determined where possible. Examiners
             with more than two years of practical experience and Intern examiners (those who
             had completed the training course but had less than two years of field work) were
             significantly more accurate in correctly classifying the polygrams than the less
             experienced subjects in the Trainee group. Additionally, the experienced
             examiners were significantly more confident in their decisions than the Intern
             group, while the Intern group demonstrated a significantly greater confidence in
             their decisions than the Trainees.

2640. Garrett, H.L., III. E.A.I.G.D.o.D. Michael B. Suessman. (Aug 25 1992).
              Rec#: 6811
              Keywords: Tailhook.
              Notes: Declination of invitation to submit to polygraph examination regarding
              issues surrounding his activities at Tailhook '91 Symposium.

2641. Garrison, J. (1990). Polygraph test does not directly measure truth. Massachusetts
             Lawyers Weekly, 4
             Rec#: 6309
             Keywords: validity/base rate.
             Notes: 18 M.L.W. 2392.

2642. Garvey, P.J. (1973). New Jersey Supreme Court committee on criminal procedure in
              polygraph tests - A review. Polygraph, 2, 116-121.
              Rec#: 1920
              Keywords: admissibility-New Jersey.

2643. Garwood, Marcia. Factors influencing polygraph test validity. 85.
            Rec#: 9058
            Keywords: screening-validity.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2644. Garwood, Marcia. Issues on the validity of personnel screening polygraph examinations.
            85.
            Rec#: 1922
            Keywords: screening-validity/theory-base rate.
            Notes: Paper presented at the 20th annual seminar of the American Polygraph
            Association, Reno, NV.

2645. Garwood, Marcia. Question wording in screening for illegal drugs and narcotics. nd.
            Rec#: 6310
            Keywords: question formulation/drugs.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2646. Garwood, M. (1985). Two issues on the validity of personnel screening polygraph
            examinations. Polygraph, 14, 209-216.
            Rec#: 1921
            Keywords: validity/screening/retesting.
            Abstract: Polygraph examination validity is influenced both by the
            decisionmaking system of which the polygraph examination is a part and the
            number of deceptive people in the population. Validity can be increased by
            retesting subjects and/or using information in addition to polygraph test outcome.

2647. Garwood, M., & Engel, B.T. (1980). Quantification of the physiological components of
            skin potential level. Psychophysiology, 17, 319
            Rec#: 6820
            Keywords: skin potential response.

2648. Garwood, M., Engel, B.T., & Kusterer, J.P. (1981). Skin potential level: age and
            epidermal hydration effects. Journal of Gerontology, 36, 7-13.
            Rec#: 6592
            Keywords: skin potential.

2649. Gaschler, W.J., McGettigan, J.P., Menges, P.M., & Waller, J.F. (2001). Review of
             polygraph screening assessement method. Polygraph, 30, 254-259.
             Rec#: 6060
             Keywords: screening/countermeasures.

2650. Gastwirth, J.L. (1987). The statistical precision of medical screening procedures:
             Applications to polygraph and AIDS antibody test data. Statistical Science, 2,
             213-238.
              Rec#: 1923
              Keywords: conditional probability/test data analysis/validity/base rate/statistical
              models/PVP/PVN.

2651. Gatchel, Robert J., Smith, John E., and Kaplan, Norman M. The effect of propranolol on
             polygraphic detection of deception. 83.
             Rec#: 1924
             Keywords: drugs-cardiovascular.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript. Abstracted in The accuracy and utility of
             polygraph testing (p. 94), Department of Defense.

2652. Gately, R.D. (1963). The Investigator's role in a successful polygraph examination.
             Law and Order, 11, 47-48.
             Rec#: 1925
             Keywords: pretest interview.

2653. Gately, Robert D. Specific testing with the Atari 800 computer. 83.
             Rec#: 1926
             Keywords: instruments-computer-Atari 800/research-field-computer
             screen/question formulation-visual presentation/Atari 800
             computer/computer-presents questions.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript, 7 p.

2654. Gates, E.D. (1980). Polygraph examinations for pre-employment screening: A
             personnel administrator's viewpoint. Polygraph, 9, 30-33.
             Rec#: 1927
             Keywords: screening-general.

2655. Gati, I., Ben-Shakhar, G., & Avni-Liberty, S. (1996). Stimulus novelty and significance
               in electrodermal orienting responses: The effects of adding versus deleting
               stimulus components. Psychophysiology, 33, 637-643.
               Rec#: 6596
               Keywords: orienting response/stimulus novelty/stimulus significance/skin
               conductance response/techniques-guilty knowledge .

2656. Gati, I., Ben-Shakhar Gershon, & Oren, C. (1986). The relationship between similarity
               judgements and psychophysiological responsivity. Acta Psychologica, 62,
               123-139.
               Rec#: 1928
               Keywords: autonomic responsivity/stimulus similarity/skin conductance response.

2657. Gati, Itamar, Ben-Shakhar, Gershon, and Oren, Carmel. Stimulus similarity and
              psychophysiological responsivity in an information detection paradigm. 85.
              Rec#: 1929
              Keywords: stimulus similarity/information detection/responsivity.
              Notes: Unpublished manuscript, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

2658. Gatti, A. (1949). African lie detector. The Saturday Evening Post, 36-37, 145-146.
               Rec#: 7506
               Keywords: detection of deception/polygraph techniques.

2659. Gay, W.O. (1948). The search for the truth. The Police Journal, 21, 284
            Rec#: 1931
            Keywords: law enforcement-Great Britain.

2660. Gaylen, G.R. (1977). Say it isn't so! Big business has resorted to voice analysis to fight
            crime from within. Law Enforcement Communications, 39-40.
            Rec#: 1932
            Keywords: voice stress/PSE.

2661. Geddes, L.A. (1973). History of the polygraph, an instrument for the detection of
            deception. Biomedical Engineering, 154-156.
            Rec#: 1935
            Keywords: history.

2662. Geddes, L. A. Transcribed polygraph examinations - A proposal to add two new
            dimensions to the polygraph examination. nd.
            Rec#: 1933
            Keywords: instruments-biomedical-video recording/recording-video.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2663. Geddes, L.A. (1974). What does the photoplethysmograph indicate? Polygraph, 3,
            167-176.
            Rec#: 1936
            Keywords: plethysmograph/test data analysis-plethysmograph.

2664. Geddes, L.A., Bourland, J.D., Smalling, R.W., & Steinberg, R.B. (1975). The use of the
            same pair of dry electrodes to record skin resistance and beat-by-beat heart rate.
            Medical and Biological Engineering, 89-96.
            Rec#: 1939
            Keywords: instruments-electrodes/heart rate/electrodermal-skin resistance.

2665. Geddes, L.A., Bourland, J.D., & Tacker, W. A., Jr. (1974). The videograph, a new
            instrument for recording picture, narrative and physiological data. Polygraph,
            3, 64-65.
            Rec#: 1938
            Keywords: instruments-videograph/recording-video.

2666. Geddes, L.A., Bourland, J.D., Wise, G., & Steinberg, R.B. (1973). Linearity of the
            horizontal component of the electrooculogram. Medical and Biological
            Engineering, 73-77.
            Rec#: 1937
            Keywords: instruments-eye monitoring/pupillometry/lateral eye movement.

2667. Geddes, L.A., Moore, A.G., Bourland, J.D., Sadler, C.R., & Newberg, D.C. (1977). A
            multifunction transducer for acquisition of the digital volume pulse, skin
              resistance response, and the electrocardiogram. Medical and Biological
              Engineering, -
              Rec#: 1941
              Keywords: plethysmograph/plethysmograph/instruments-electrocardiogram/EKG.
              Notes: have pre-publication copy only.

2668. Geddes, L.A., & Newberg, D.C. (1977). Cuff pressure oscillations in the measurement
            of relative blood pressure. Psychophysiology, 14, 198-202.
            Rec#: 1942
            Keywords: blood pressure measurement/oscillometry.
            Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 6, 113-122.

2669. Geddes, L.A., Steinberg, R.B., & Wise, G. (1973). Dry electrodes and holder for
            electrooculography. Medical and Biological Engineering, 69-72.
            Rec#: 1943
            Keywords: instruments-eye monitoring/pupillometry.

2670. Geddes, L.A., & Tivey, R. (1976). The importance of cuff width in measurement of
            blood pressure indirectly. Cardiovascular Research Center Bulletin, 14, 69-79.
            Rec#: 1944
            Keywords: instruments-blood pressure/auscultatory method/young adults.

2671. Gehr, Walter. The value and importance of the guilt complex question. 58.
             Rec#: 1947
             Keywords: question formulation-guilt complex.
             Notes: Paper presented at the American Association of Polygraph Examiners
             Seminar.

2672. Geis, F.L., & Moon, T.H. (1981). Machiavellianism and deception. Journal of
             Personality and Social Psychology, 41, 766-775.
             Rec#: 1948
             Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/personality
             variables-machiavellianism.

2673. Geis, G. (1959). In scopolamine veritas. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology and
             Police Science, 50, 347-357.
             Rec#: 1949
             Keywords: drugs-tranquilizers/scopolamine/sedatives/narcoanalysis/House,
             Robert E.

2674. Geiselman, R.E. (nd). The cognitive interview technique for interviewing victims and
             witnesses of crime. Prosecutor's Brief, 18-20.
             Rec#: 6311
             Keywords: cognitive interview/interviewing/witnesses/victims.

2675. Geiselman, R.E. G.M. Davies & D.M. Thoson. (1988). Improving eyewitness memory
             through mental reinstatement of context. New York: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
             245-266 p.
              Rec#: 6312
              Keywords: eyewitness memory.

2676. Geiselman, R.E.,, & Fisher, R.P. D.C. Raskin. (1989). The cognitive interview
             technique for victims and witnesses of crime. Springer Publishing Company.
             191-216 p.
             Rec#: 1952
             Keywords: interrogation-cognitive interview .

2677. Geiselman, R.E., & Fisher, R.P. (1985). Interviewing victims and witnesses of crime.
             Research in Brief, 1-4.
             Rec#: 1950
             Keywords: interrogation/research-interrogation/hypnosis-interrogation.
             Notes: [National Institute of Justice, Department of Justice]. Reprinted in
             Polygraph, 15, (3), 221-227.

2678. Geiselman, R.E., Fisher, R.P., Cohen, G., Holland, H.L., & Surtes, L. (1986).
             Eyewitness responses to leading and misleading question under the cognitive
             interview. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 14, 31-39.
             Rec#: 6313
             Keywords: eyewitness memory/cognitive interview.

2679. Geiselman, R.E., Fisher, R.P., Hutton, L.A., Sullivan, S.J., Avetissian, I.V., & Prosk,
             A.L. (1984). Enhancement of eyewitness memory: An empirical evaluation of
             the cognitive interview. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 12,
             74-80.
             Rec#: 1953
             Keywords: interrogation-witnesses/interrogation-cognitive
             interview/memory-witnesses.

2680. Geiselman, R.E., Fisher, R.P., MacKinnon, D.P., & Holland, H.L. (1986). Enhancement
             of eyewitness memory with the cognitive interview. American Journal of
             Psychology, 99, 385-401.
             Rec#: 1951
             Keywords:
             interrogation-memory/research-interrogation/memory-witnesses/cognitive
             interview.

2681. Geiselman, R.E., Fisher, R.P., MacKinnon, D.P., & Holland, H.L. (1985). Eyewitness
             memory enhancement in the police interview: Cognitive retrieval mnemonics
             versus hypnosis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 70, 401-412.
             Rec#: 1954
             Keywords: interrogation-cognitive
             interview/interrogation-hypnosis/interviewing-witnesses-hypnosis/memory-witne
             sses.

2682. Geisser, S. (1987). Comment. Statistical Science, 2, 231-232.
              Rec#: 1955
              Keywords: theory-base rate/predictive
              value/PVP/PVN/sensitivity/specificity/formulae/statistics.
              Notes: This article scanned under record number 1923.

2683. Geizer, R.S., Rarick, D.L., & Soldow, G.F. (1977). Deception and judgment accuracy:
             A study in person perception. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 3,
             446-449.
             Rec#: 1956
             Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/research-nonverbal detection of
             deception.

2684. Gelb, Edward. Do lie detectors work, a radio talk show interview. 82.
             Rec#: 6808
             Keywords: polygraph general/credibility assessment/question
             formulation/autonomic nervous system/blood pressure/reliability-general.

2685. Gelb, Edward I. Control question introduction techniques. 95.
             Rec#: 9086
             Keywords: techniques-CQT.
             Notes: Presentation at the American Polygraph Association 30th annual seminar
             and workshop, Las Vegas, NV.

2686. Gelb, Edward I. Detection of deception, interviewing and interrogation. 95.
             Rec#: 9087
             Keywords: interviewing/interrogation.
             Notes: Presentation at the American Polygraph Association 30th annual seminar
             and workshop, Las Vegas, NV.

2687. Anonymous. ed. Hollywood, CA: Intercept, Inc.
           Rec#: 6314
           Keywords: interrogation.
           Notes: Delta College National Workshop Practical Polygraph Procedures, May
           7-12, 1989.

2688. Gelb, Edward I. Interviewing and interrogation. 85.
             Rec#: 1959
             Keywords: interrogation.
             Notes: Paper presented at the Delta College National Workshop on Practical
             Polygraph Procedures.

2689. Anonymous. Interviewing and interrogation.       ed. Hollywood, CA: Intercept, Inc.
           Rec#: 1958
           Keywords: interrogation.

2690. Gelb, E.I. (1990). Interviewing the suspects. Security Management, 1913, Section 1,
             3 pp.
             Rec#: 1960
              Keywords: interviewing.

2691. Gelb, E.I. (1979). Pre-employment screening. SEMA News, 4-5.
             Rec#: 1957
             Keywords: screening-commercial-preemployment.

2692. Geldreich, E.W. (1942). Further studies of the use galvanic skin response as a deception
             indicator. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Sciences, 45, 279-284.
             Rec#: 1962
             Keywords: electrodermal-GSR/research-laboratory/historical
             interest/countermeasures/validity-laboratory.

2693. Geldreich, E.W. (1941). Studies of the galvanic skin response as a deception indicator.
             Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Sciences, 44, 346-351.
             Rec#: 1961
             Keywords: electrodermal-GSR/research-laboratory/historical
             interest/countermeasures/validity-laboratory.

2694. Geller, D.M. (1979). [Review of the book Lying: Moral choices in public and private
              life]. Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, 4, 387-388.
              Rec#: 758
              Keywords: book reviews/lying.

2695. George, B.J. (1974). Essential considerations toward judicial acceptance. Polygraph,
            3, 90-99.
            Rec#: 1967
            Keywords: admissibility/base rate/theory-base rate.

2696. George, B.J. (1973). Polygraph at the watershed. Polygraph, 2, 295-304.
            Rec#: 1966
            Keywords: admissibility-stipulated/theory-base rate.

2697. George, J.R. (1966). Status of the Polygraph in Labor Arbitration.
            Rec#: 9789
            Keywords: dissertations and theses/labor
            relations/admissibility/applications-arbitration.
            Notes: unpublished master's thesis.

2698. George, M.S., & Skinner, H.A. (1990). Using response latency to detect inaccurate
            responses in a Computerized Lifestyle Assessment. Computers in Human
            Behavior, 6, 167-175.
            Rec#: 9667
            Keywords: response latency/self-report/Computerized Lifestyle Assessment.

2699. Gerard, R.W. Anonymous. (1962 Jun). Michigan University Mental Health Research
             Institute, Preprint #88,
             Rec#: 1974
             Keywords: applications-arms control.
2700. Gerard, R.W. (1961). To prevent another world war - Truth detection. Journal of
             Conflict Resolution, 5, 212-218.
             Rec#: 1973
             Keywords: applications-arms control.

2701. Germann, A.C. (1961). Hypnosis as related to the scientific detection of deception by
            polygraph examination: A pilot study. International Journal of Clinical and
            Experimental Hypnosis, 9, 309-311.
            Rec#: 1976
            Keywords: hypnosis/countermeasures-hypnosis/research-hypnosis.

2702. Gerow, J.R. (1977). Attitudes toward the use of the polygraph: Study two. Polygraph,
            6, 266-269.
            Rec#: 1978
            Keywords: surveys-attitudes/public relations.

2703. Gerow, J.R., & Scrogham, N.K. (1976). Attitudes toward the use of the polygraph:
            Their assessment and sensitivity to change. Polygraph, 5, 89-91.
            Rec#: 1979
            Keywords: public relations/surveys-attitudes.

2704. Giannelli, P.C. (1994). Forensic Science: Polygraph Evidence: Part I. Criminal Law
            Bulletin, 30, 262-274.
            Rec#: 9595
            Keywords: admissibility-expert testimony.

2705. Giannelli, P.C. (1994). Forensic Science: Polygraph Evidence: Part II. Criminal Law
            Bulletin, 30, 366-380.
            Rec#: 9596
            Keywords: admissibility-expert testimony/Supreme Court.

2706. Giannelli, P.C. (1993). "Junk science": The criminal cases. The Journal of Criminal
            Law and Criminology, 84, 105-128.
            Rec#: 9293
            Keywords: courtroom testimony/junk science.

2707. Giannelli, P.C., & Imwinkelried, E.J. (1986). Scientific evidence. Charlottsville, VA:
            Michie Company.
            Rec#: 1989
            Keywords: admissibility-stipulated/courtroom testimony/admissibility-scientific
            evidence.

2708. Gibbons, J.H. Frank Horvath. (Nov 1 1983).
            Rec#: 6795
            Keywords: testimony/validity/Office of Technology Assessment.
            Notes: See also P 6796.

2709. Gibbons, J.H. (1983). Scientific validity of polygraph testing. Polygraph, 12,
              196-197.
              Rec#: 1990
              Keywords: criticism-validity/OTA report.

2710. Anonymous. Scientific validity of polygraph testing.      ed.   Washington, DC: GPO.
           Rec#: 1991
           Keywords: validity.

2711. Gibbs, E.P. (1973). [Review of the book Techniques in Interviewing for Law
             Enforcement and Corrections Personnel]. Polygraph, 2, 143-144.
             Rec#: 1992
             Keywords: book reviews.

2712. Gibbs, H. (1983). Opening address at the National Symposium on Lying. Australian
             Journal of Forensic Sciences, 15, 150-151.
             Rec#: 1993
             Keywords: lying-symposium-Australia/Australia/National Symposium on Lying.

2713. Gibson, J.E. (1976). The whole truth about being truthful. Family Weekly, 7
            Rec#: 6848
            Keywords: deception/psychoanalysis.

2714. Gibson, Keith. Use of the polygraph in sexual abuse treatment programs - Position paper.
            87.
            Rec#: 1994
            Keywords: applications-sex offenders.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript, 3 p.

2715. Gibson, M. (2001). The truth machine: Polygraphs, popular culture and the confessing
            body. Social Semiotics, 11, 61-73.
            Rec#: 7694
            Keywords: confessions/verbal response/guilty knowledge/deception.
            Abstract: Disucsses the technology of polygraph machines and lie detector tests in
            raltion to the body as a specific site of truth investments. It discusses the way the
            machine is imagined or constituted in popular culture and scientific literature as a
            means of discovering guilty knowledge or getting the truth objectively and
            painlessly.

2716. Giesen, M., & Rollinson, M.A. (1980). Guilty knowledge versus innocent associations:
             Effects on trait anxiety and stimulus context on skin conductance. Journal of
             Research in Personality, 14, 1-11.
             Rec#: 1995
             Keywords: techniques-guilty knowledge test/psychological variables-trait
             anxiety/electrodermal-skin conductance/theory-trait anxiety/theory-stimulus
             context/laboratory-polygraph validity.

2717. Gilbert, D.T., Krull, D.S., & Malone, P.S. (1990). Unbelieving the unbelievable: Some
              problems in the rejection of false information. Journal of Personality and Social
              Psychology, 59, 601-613.
              Rec#: 1996
              Keywords: theory-cognitive processing.

2718. Giles, H. W.P. Robinson. (1996). The Polygraph. Thousand Oaks: Sage
              Publications. 151-162 p. 6. Language and Language Behaviors. 0803952600
              hardcover/0803952619 papberback.
              Rec#: 6873
              Keywords: EEG/EMG/CQT/guilty knowledge/EOG/GKT/control question
              tests/Accuracy.

2719. Gillespie, N. (2001). William Marston's secret identity. Reason, 33, 52+
             Rec#: 7243
             Keywords: Marston, William M./historical interest .

2720. Gilmartin, R.E., & Papastratakos, N. (1988). When to use polygraph evidence. Brief,
             17, 30-37.
             Rec#: 1997
             Keywords: admissibility-insurance/law-insurance/applications-insurance.

2721. Ginsberg, S., & Furedy, J.J. (1974). Stimulus repetition, change, and assessments of
             sensitivities of relationships among an electrodermal and two plethysmographic
             component of the orienting reaction. Psychophysiology, 11, 35-43.
             Rec#: 9479
             Keywords: orienting response/electrodermal/pulse volume/blood
             volume/stimulus/plethysmography.
             Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 3(1), 104.

2722. Anonymous. A built in validity in polygraph field examinations. ed. 1985 Feb
           24-1985 Feb 28; Jerusalem, Israel: International Congress on Techniques for
           Criminal Identification. 148-154p.
           Rec#: 1998
           Keywords: validity/field examinations.

2723. Ginton, Avital. Estimating the accuracy of the "control-questions polygraph technique",
             using a self-validating set of real-life polygraph examnations. 2001.
             Rec#: 7735
             Keywords: validity/methodology/CQT/criminal investigations/accuracy.

2724. Ginton, A., Daie, N., Elaad, E., & Ben-Shakhar, G. (1982). A method for evaluating the
             use of the polygraph in a real-life situation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 67,
             131-137.
             Rec#: 1999
             Keywords: research-field/validity-field examinations/Israel/test data analysis.

2725. Given, D.D. (1988). Pretesting panelist expertise for validity studies comparing panel
             and polygraph examiners. Polygraph, 17, 91-94.
             Rec#: 2004
              Keywords: panels-validity.

2726. Gladen, B.C. (1987). Comment. Statistical Science, 2, 233
            Rec#: 2005
            Keywords: theory-base rate/predictive
            value/PVP/PVN/sensitivity/specificity/statistics/Gastwirth.
            Notes: This article scanned under record number 1923.

2727. Glare, W.C. (1994). Polygraph in Australia: A bibliography. Polygraph, 24, 251-253.
             Rec#: 9597
             Keywords: Australia/examiners/bibliographies.

2728. Glasser, I. (1989). Why indiscriminate urine testing is a bad idea. The NarcOfficer,
             45-51.
             Rec#: 6704
             Keywords: Employee Polygraph Protection Act/drugs-test data analysis.

2729. Glassford, E., & Nyboer, J. (1975). Emotional stress and oscillometric variations of the
             pulse curve. Polygraph, 4, 108-117.
             Rec#: 2008
             Keywords: cardio-pulse curve/heart rate/psychophysiology-stress pulse curve.

2730. Glaus, K., & Kotses, H. (1983). Facial muscle tension influences lung airway resistance:
             Limb muscle tension does not. Biological Psychology, 17, 105-120.
             Rec#: 2009
             Keywords: theory-psychophysiological/respiration-airway
             resistance/psychophysiology-muscle tension.

2731. Glymph, George M. Richland County Sheriff's Department Survey of Applicants. 85.
           Rec#: 2011
           Keywords: South Carolina/surveys-police/surveys-applicants.
           Notes: Unpublished manuscript, 3 p.

2732. Godby, R.E. (1992). Polygraph examinations with interpreters. Polygraph, 21, 83-91.
            Rec#: 2012
            Keywords: interpreters.

2733. Goddard, C.H. D.C. Dilworth. (1930). The Northwestern Crime Detection Laboratory.
            77-92 p.
            Rec#: 2016
            Keywords: historical interest-Northwestern University Crime Laboratory.

2734. Goddard, C.H. (1954). Some reminiscences on early days of the lie detector. Bulletin
            of the Academy for Scientific Interrogation, 7, 11-21.
            Rec#: 2015
            Keywords: history/admissibility-history/narcoanalysis-history.
            Notes: Reprinted in Polygraph, 5, 252-266.
2735. Gödert, H.W., Rill, H.-G., & Vossel, G. (2001). Psychophysiological differentiation of
             deception: The effects of electrodermal lability and mode of responding on skin
             conductance and heart rate. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 40,
             61-75.
             Rec#: 7200
             Keywords: electrodermal-lability/skin conductance/heart rate/self-disclosure.

2736. Gold, D. (1955). The statistical lie detector: An application to possibly evasive
             responses in a voting behavior study. American Sociological Review, 20,
             527-530.
             Rec#: 7507
             Keywords: behavior/statistics.
             Abstract: In a study of voting behavior in Elmira, N. Y., in 1948, it was found that
             over 50% of the Catholic respondents either said that they did not know which
             party Catholics would vote for, or said that Catholics "won't vote as a block."
             Since it was felt that these constituted "evasive answers," the statistical lie
             detector was applied. This showed that it can be inferred "that a considerable
             proportion of those Catholics who said they did not know how most Catholics
             would vote, or that Catholics would not vote as a block, must have believed that
             most Catholics would vote democratic." .

2737. Goldberg, L.R., Grenier, J.R., Guion, R.M., Sechrest, L.B., & Wing, H. Anonymous.
            American Psychological Association. (1991 Feb).
            Rec#: 8976
            Keywords: paper and pencil tests/screening-commercial-preemployment.

2738. Goldberg, M.N., Mills, R.A., & Blockley, W.V. Anonymous. North American
            Aviation, Inc. (1960 Feb). 60-83,
            Rec#: 6703
            Keywords: instrumentation-cardio/instrumentation-pneumo.

2739. Goldberg, S., & Rosenthal, R. (1986). Self-touching behavior in the job interview:
            Antecedents and consequences. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 10, 65-80.
            Rec#: 2021
            Keywords: nonverbal detection of deception/screening-nonverbal.

2740. Golden, Richard I. Audio-GSR biofeedback in polygraph examinations. 71.
            Rec#: 2028
            Keywords: biofeedback-audio-GSR/research-biofeedback.
            Notes: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Polygraph
            Association, Atlanta, GA.

2741. Golden, R.I. (1966). The closed-eyes polygraph technique. The Journal of Polygraph
            Studies, 1,
            Rec#: 2024
            Keywords: techniques-closed eyes/eye contact.
2742. Golden, R.I. S.A. Yefsky. (1967). A conditioned reflex technique in lie detection.
            New York: Thompsons Book Company, Academic Press. 385-392 p.
            Rec#: 2025
            Keywords: conditioned reflex theory/conditioned response/stimulus.

2743. Golden, Richard I. Control the controls. 80.
            Rec#: 2029
            Keywords: question
            formulation/techniques-CQT/techniques-PCT/techniques-yes-no test.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2744. Golden, Richard I. Controlled visual perception technique in lie detection. 63.
            Rec#: 2023
            Keywords: techniques-controlled visual perception/stimuli-visual/eye.
            Notes: Paper presented at the American Academy of Polygraph Examiners
            meeting.

2745. Golden, Richard I. Figures don't lie? nd.
            Rec#: 9059
            Keywords: criticism/validity/reliability.
            Notes: Unpublished manuscript.

2746. Golden, R.I. (1992). The Riddle of the lie. The Journal of Polygraph Science, 27,
            Rec#: 6963
            Keywords: physiological responses.

2747. Golden, Richard I. The riddle of the lie: A scientific approach to lie detection. 91.
            Rec#: 2022
            Keywords: scientific approach to
            lie-detection/lying-theory/theory/techniques-Golden listen-answer.
            Notes: Paper presented at the Department of Defense Polygraph Institute, Ft.
            McClellan, AL.

2748. Golden, R.I. S.I. Cohn. (1968). A vocal monitor for polygraph testing. ITT Research
            Institute. 337-342 p. 2.
            Rec#: 2026
            Keywords: instruments-vocal monitor.

2749. Golden, Richard I. "The yes-no technique in polygraph testing". 69.
            Rec#: 2027
            Keywords: techniques-yes-no test/question formulation.
            Notes: Paper presented at the American Polygraph Association Seminar, Houston,
            TX.

2750. Golden, Richard I. and Hunter, Fred L. The measurement of upper and lower respiration
            in lie detection. 70.
            Rec#: 2030
            Keywords: respiration-upper/respiration-lower/measurement.
              Notes: Paper presented at the American Polygraph Association Seminar, Los
              Angeles, CA.

2751. Goldman-Eisler, F. (1955). Speech breathing activity - A measure of tension and affect
            during interviews. British Journal of Psychology, 46, 53-63.
            Rec#: 2032
            Keywords: research-nonverbal detection of deception-respiration
            rate/paralinguistic indicators-speech rate/Great Britain.

2752. Goldstein, E.R. (1923). Reaction times and the consciousness of deception. American
             Journal of Psychology, 34, 562-581.
             Rec#: 2033
             Keywords: word association/historical interest/reaction time.

2753. Goldzband, M.G. (1990). The polygraph and psychiatrists. Journal of Forensic
            Sciences, 35, 391-402.
            Rec#: 2034
            Keywords: psychiatry/ethics.

2754. Goleman, D. (1982). Can you tell when someone is lying to you? Psychology Today,
            16, 14-23.
            Rec#: 2035
            Keywords: lying-detection.

2755. Gooch, C.D. (1964). An inquiry into the use of the polygraph in applicant evaluation
            and personnel screening.
            Rec#: 2038
            Keywords: screening-police/dissertations and theses.
            Notes: Unpublished thesis .

2756. Goodfellow, L.D. (1933). [Review of the book Lying and its detection]. Journal of
            Criminal Law, Criminology and Police Science, 23, 1069-1070.
            Rec#: 7517
            Keywords: book reviews/word association/lying/breathing changes/truth serum.

2757. Goodman, David J. An investigation into the relative effects of repeated tests upon the
           validity of diagnosis of results obtained in lie detector examinations. 52.
           Rec#: 6316
           Keywords: repeated tests/validity.
           Notes: Paper written while a student a Bowling Green State University. Pages
           10-11 are missing, probably contained tabular data which could not be copied at
           that time.

2758. Goodman, W. (1965). Lie detectors don't lie, but. New York Times Magazine, 12-13+.
           Rec#: 2041
           Keywords: polygraph-general.

2759. Goodrich, C. (1983). The politics of polygraphy. California Lawyer, 3, 43-44.
              Rec#: 2043
              Keywords: admissibility-California.

2760. Goodwin, J., Sahd, D., & Rada, R.T. (1978). Incest hoax: False accusations, false
           denials. Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 6,
           269-276.
           Rec#: 2045
           Keywords: cases-incest/psychology-delusional/subjects-children/lying-incest.

2761. Gordon, David F. Polygraph testing needed for trucking industry to ensure highway
            safety and nation's security. 86.
            Rec#: 6776
            Keywords: polygraph general/preemployment screening/security screening.

2762. Gordon, N.J. (1999). The academy for scientific investigative training's horizontal
            scoring system and examiner's algorithm system for chart interpretation.
            Polygraph, 28, 56-64.
            Rec#: 7104
            Keywords: test data analysis/algorithm/Backster
            technique/MGQT/electrodermal/techniques-general question/control questions.

2763. Gordon, N.J. Anonymous. (2002). Effective interviewing and interrogation techniques.
            San Diego: Academic Press. 7-9 p. 0-12-260381-8.
            Rec#: 3642
            Keywords: cardiovascular/interviewing/deception
            detection/physiology/psychology/interrogation.

2764. Gordon, N.J., & Cochetti, P.M. (1987). The horizontal scoring system. Polygraph,
            16, 116-125.
            Rec#: 2049
            Keywords: test data analysis/horizontal scoring.

2765. Gordon, N.J., & Cochetti, P.M. (1982). The positive control concept and technique.
            Polygraph, 11, 330-342.
            Rec#: 2048
            Keywords: techniques-positive control questions/question formulation-control
            questions/test data analysis-positive control.

2766. Gordon, N.J., Fleisher, W.L., Morsie, H., Habib, W., & Salah, K. (2000). A field
            validity study of the integrated zone comparison technique. Polygraph, 29,
            220-225.
            Rec#: 7468
            Keywords: validity/Egypt/field study/integrated zone comparison
            technique/specific issue test.
            Abstract: This field study tested the validity of the Integrated Zone Comparison
            Technique (ZCT) designed for specific issue tests, utilizing 309 confirmed field
            cases by examiners of the Egyptian Government.
2767. Gordon, R.A., Baxter, J.C., Druckman, D., & Rozelle, R.M. (1987). Expectations of
            honest, evasive, and deceptive nonverbal behavior. Journal of Social
            Psychology, 127, 231-233.
            Rec#: 2050
            Keywords: nonverbal cues/detection of deception.

2768. Gorman, C. (2002). The science of anxiety. Time, 159, 46-54.
           Rec#: 7702
           Keywords: anxiety/brain potentials/fear/phobias.

2769. Gorman, W.F. (1982). Defining malingering. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 27,
           401-407.
           Rec#: 2052
           Keywords: malingering.

2770. Gorsuch, L.A. (1981). Polygraph tests: Sure-shot crime stopper? The Sporting Goods
            Dealer, 117-118.
            Rec#: 2055
            Keywords: screening-commercial-sporting goods.

2771. Goss, Edward J. Beaters and beaten. 68.
             Rec#: 2057
             Keywords: applications-child abuse.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript, 21 p.

2772. Gottschaulk, L.A. A.D. Biderman & H. Zimmer. (1961). Use of drugs in interrogation.
             New York: Wiley. - p.
             Rec#: 2059
             Keywords: narcoanalysis.

2773. Goutink, E.J., Krassner, K., & Micena, J. (1972). A team testing polygraph technique.
            Polygraph, 1, 83-86.
            Rec#: 1601
            Keywords: techniques-team testing.

2774. Government is testy about polygraphs. (1983). Security World, 20, 27
            Rec#: 2060
            Keywords: screening-government.

2775. Grafton, K.S. (1985). The laws that apply to honesty testing. Security Management,
             29, 33-36.
             Rec#: 2061
             Keywords: law-screening-commercial/law-screening-paper and pencil tests/paper
             and pencil tests-law/EEOC/law-statutes-states.

2776. Graham, G. (1990). Polygraph should be allowed in some instances. Massachusetts
            Lawyers Weekly, 5
            Rec#: 6317
               Keywords: admissibility.
               Notes: 19 M.L.W. 57.

2777. Granhag, P.A., & Stroemwall, L.A. (2000). Effects of preconceptions on deception
            detection and new answers to why lie-catchers often fail. Psychology, Crime and
            Law, 6, 197-218.
            Rec#: 7218
            Keywords: attribution/cues/deception/witnesses/credibility.
            Abstract: This study investigated the extent to which crediting and discrediting
            background information, given to observers (125 undergraduate students) before
            they watched 3 videotaped interviews with the same witness, affected their
            veracity judgments. Analyses show that the observers' distribution of truth/lie
            judgments were more affected by crediting than discrediting background
            information. The study also mapped the subjective cues given to justify the
            truth/lie judgments, and found that the most frequently used cue was whether or
            not the 3 statements were consistent over time. In addition, analysis revealed 2
            types of inter-observer disagreements. One type referred to how different cues
            were perceived (e.g., 40 observers perceived the 3 statements as being
            inconsistent over time while an equal number perceived the same 3 statements as
            being consistent over time). The 2nd type referred to how different cues were
            used (e.g., the fact that the witness was perceived as not being confident in his
            testimony worked against him equally as often as it worked for him).

2778. Grano, J.D. (1986). Selling the idea to tell the truth: The professional interrogator and
             modern confessions law. Michigan Law Review, 84, 662-690.
             Rec#: 2064
             Keywords: law-interrogation/interrogation-law.

2779. Gray, Rebecca L. The development and uses of lie detectors: Making lie detection safe
             for humanity. 89.
             Rec#: 2068
             Keywords: history.
             Notes: Unpublished manuscript, Michigan State University, 19 p.

2780. Green, G.S. (1990). Resurrecting polygraph validation of self-reported crime data: A
             note on research method and ethics using the deer poacher. Deviant Behavior,
             11, 131-137.
             Rec#: 2074
             Keywords: ethics/morality/applications-validation-criminological data.

2781. Green, G.B. (1973). Truth verification. Security World, 38, 41
             Rec#: 8203
             Keywords: PSE/psychological stress evaluator.

2782. Green, J. (1991). Control questions, a review. Veracity, 4-5.
             Rec#: 2075
             Keywords: control questions.
2783. Green, R.L., Dengerink, H.A., & Staples, S.L. (1974). To what does the terminal
             orienting response respond? Psychophysiology, 11, 639-646.
             Rec#: 9480
             Keywords: orienting response/stimulus offset/stimulus onset/electrodermal/heart
             rate.
             Notes: Abstracted in Polygraph, 4(1), 85.

2784. Green, T.F. (1935). Can science legally get the confession? American Bar Association
             Journal, J21, 808-809.
             Rec#: 2076
             Keywords: historical interest/admissibility-confessions.

2785. Greenberg, E.R. (1988). Workplace testing: Results of a new AMA survey. Personnel,
            65, 38-44.
            Rec#: 2078
            Keywords:
            surveys-commercial-applications/screening-commercial-surveys/American
            Management Association.

2786. Greenberg, E.R. (1989). Workplace testing: Who's testing whom? Personnel, 66,
            39-45.
            Rec#: 2079
            Keywords: paper and pencil tests/screening-commercial/EPPA/surveys.
            Abstract: A 1988 survey by the American Management Association of 1,005
            companies examined the current trends in drug testing, polygraph testing, and
            human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing in the workplace. The survey
            results revealed that the number of companies that tested new-hires for drugs
            increased from 27.7% in 1987 to 38.2% in 1988, and the testing of current
            employees increased 27.8% in 1987 to 36.2% in 1988. Thirty-eight percent of
            service firms reported using some form of drug testing, while two-thirds of
            manufacturing companies reported using drug testing. Results also showed that
            polygraph testing ecreased because of the Employee Polygraph Protection Acto of
            1988, but its use ws still most prevalent in retail, wholesale, and banking and
            finance companies. Of the companies that reported having compulsory or
            voluntary HIV testing, two-thirds were in the health care field and 14% were
            military or government employers. Almost half of the health care firms and 13.6%
            of the non-health care firms surveyed offer AIDS education.

2787. Greenberg, I. (1982). The role of deception in decision theory. Journal of Conflict
            Resolution, 26, 139-156.
            Rec#: 6662
            Keywords: DECEPTION/DECISION MAKING/payoff matrix.
            Abstract: Attempts to quantify deception in the decision theory framework and to
            calculate the cost. An opponent may use deception to cause a decision maker to
            misperceive the likelihood that a specific state was chosen by the decision maker.
            The value of this deception is defined in terms of the payoff matrix and these
            misperceived likelihoods. An example, based on the deception planning
              surrounding the Normandy invasion in 1944, is included to illustrate the concepts.

2788. Greenblatt, M. (1972). Two hearts in three-quarter time: Psychosomatic issues in a
            stu