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									NCR: Challenges and Opportunities


           Bharat Bhushan
     Chief Architect Town Planner
   Ghaziabad Development Authority
NCR Planning Board

 “To reduce pressure on Delhi and disperse major
       commercial, Industrial, Institutional,
    Residential activities in neighbouring towns
                   We require
  A strong political will and coordinated efforts
          from all the participating states
                including Delhi.”
NCR and Ghaziabad
Regional Setting:
  – Located on the banks of river Hindon (a
    tributary of river Yamuna)
  – Situated on the eastern border of Delhi
    Metropolitan Area (DMA) and part of
    National capital Region (NCR)
– 3 major National Highways running
  through the City – NH 24 (DLI-LKO-
  Kolkatta), -NH 58 (DLI-MT-Dehradun),
   -NH 91 (DLI – Kanpur G.T. Road)
– 14 km from Connaught Place (commercial
  hub of Delhi)
– 12 km from Maharani Bagh (South Delhi)
– Approach/Connectivity from Delhi is better
  than Gurgaon, Faridabad and Gr. Noida.
– Very well connected by rail – on the DLI –
  MBD- Kolkatta. and DLI – Kanpur line.
– IGI Airport 50 km.
Population Growth:
 As a suburb of Delhi, Ghaziabad has
 experienced rapid growth.
  • 1981 –    2. 87 Lakhs
  • 1991 –    5. 11 Lakhs
  • 2001 –    9. 68 Lakhs
  • 2011 –   15. 00 Lakhs (projected)
• Due to close proximity of Delhi – has attracted
  large-scale investments in housing
Major builders/ developers operating in the area are:
        – Ansals
        – Eldeco
        – Shipra
        – Supertech
        – Gaur Estates
Industrial Development
The growth trend of Industrial Units and number of workers
employed 1992-02:

           Financial Year   No of Industrial   No. of workers   Investments
                                 units           Employed
  1.         1992-93              908              4503            1710
  2.         1993-94              721              3605            1405

  3.         1994-95              711              3550            1399
  4.         1995-96              677              3375            1302
  5.         1996-97             1157              5780            2300
  6.         1997-98             1164              5810            2305
  7.         1998-99             1129              5630            2250
  8.         1999-00             1010              5490            2018
  9.         2000-01             1195              5965            2318
  10.        2001-02             1165              5810            2307

                                  Source: District Industries Centre, Ghaziabad
Major Industrial Areas of Ghaziabad
developed by UPSIDC
– Sahibabad.
– Loni
– Hapur Road
– Bulandshahar Road
– Meerut Road.
Major Industrial Units:
  – Mohan Meakins
  – Dabur
  – Bhushan Steels
  – ITC
  – Shri Ram Pistons
  – Amrit Vanaspati (Hindustan Lever)
  – Semtel Picture Tubes
 • Good quality ground water available at a
   depth of 20 to30 m.
   – Additional Ganga water 30 cusecs is
     going to be available by Oct 2003.
 • Power- Needs improvement, 2 to 4 hours
   average power cut daily.
• Good educational facilities
  – 23 Higher secondary schools
  – 4 Colleges
  – 7 Engineering Colleges
  – 18 Management Institutes including I.M.T.
  – 1 Medical College
  – 1 Ayurvedic Medicines College & 6 other
    vocational training institutes.
• Ghaziabad is not only serving to local
  population, but also other neighbouring
  towns, including Delhi.
• The city has excellent telecommunication
  facilities with 14 telephone exchanges and
  around 50,000 telephone connections.
  – Has a direct dialling facility from Delhi.
• Late 80s and early 90s, real estate was on
  boom, Ghaziabad development Authority
  chalked out major development plans,
  borrowed huge loans, without studying
  market demand, developed/constructed
  houses and commercial buildings, trapped in
  financial crisis, could not pay the principal
  amount and the interest.
Payment of Debt:
• For the past one decade: had carried a debt
  burden of Rs. 512 crores, as a result,
  development capacity was seriously
• One time settlement packages worked out
  with different financial institutions in the year
• In a historic effort, GDA cleared all
  outstanding liabilities
• Ghaziabad Development Authority -a Debt free
  organisation now.
• Payment made during 2002-03
HUDCO                    Rs. 189.00 crores
PNB Housing Finance      Rs.   8.40 crores
LIC Housing Finance      Rs. 14.00 crores
HDFC                     Rs.   2.20 crores
Govt. loan               Rs.   4.30 crores
Total                    Rs. 217.90 crores
• Special Drive to enhance Revenue Receipts:
  – One time settlement scheme (OTS) for all
  – Simplified Compounding Scheme for
    unauthorised construction.
  – Registration drive for allottees/ Power of
    attorney holders. (10,700 properties
    registered in one year. State govt. got Rs.
    40.22 crores as Stamp duty.
Strengths of Ghaziabad:
   – Proximity to Delhi.
   – Well connected by road and rail with
     Delhi and other neighbouring towns.
   – Presence of key Industries well planned
     developed industrial areas.
   – Low cost of land and houses.
   – Availability of skilled cheap labour.
– Presence of Institutes of higher learning
  Medical/ Engineering, Management
– No physical barrier in expansion and new
– Improved law & order situation
– Institutional, commercial and office space
  available in abundance at lower costs.
   – Private sector participation in providing
     urban infrastructure on BOT basis –
     roads, flyovers etc.
   – Private sector participation in housing –
     joint venture.
   – Development of Parks, recreational areas
     and entertainment centres.
   – Development of industries.
− Joint venture approach towards land
  acquisition and subsequent housing
  development. GDA to confine to external
  development while Internal development to
  be done by the developer. This model will
  be tried out in the development of
  Garhmukteshwar- Brijghat and later on in
GDA’s Future projects:
   – Swarn Jayanti Park on 35 acres, costing
     Rs. 3.00 crores.
   – Development of Transport Nagar – 88
     acres (First phase)
   – Development of Indraprasth Extension
     scheme, 350 acres on the border of Delhi.
   – Development of Pratap Vihar Extension
     Scheme – 30 acres.
– Development of Garden City on Meerut
  Road – 3000 acres.
– Development of Govind puram Extension
  scheme – 1000 acres.
– Development of 9 hole golf course 30
  acres, Rajendra Nagar.
– Construction of link road between NH 24
  Bye pass and NH 58 costing Rs. 22.5
  crores on BOT basis.
– Development of Ganga Water supply 30
  cusec to GZB and 20 cusec to Noida.
– Pollution control measures under Yamuna
  Action Plan-3
– Development of Garhmukteshwar- Brijghat
  as Socio cultural & Religious town on the
  lines of Haridwar.
Improve Connectivity:
   – Development of FNG (Faridabad Noida
     Ghaziabad) Expressway.
   – Strengthen NH 24 (Hapur Road) By Pass
     and NH 58 (Meerut Road) with the
     provision of service roads on both sides
     within Ghaziabad city limits.
   – Development of IRBT corridor for better
     connectivity with Delhi Metro.
– Development of Ghaziabad station as
  major terminal station for Passengers and
– Disperse major wholesale Trade &
  Commerce activities in the UP Sub
  Region - Ghaziabad.
– Improve/Strengthen infrastructure -
  Power, Water, Solid Waste and Roads to
  provide best quality of life
Delhi’s limitations:
 • Delhi has limitations to grow- surrounded by
   other states all around.
 • Let Delhi be only administrative capital of
   India and DMA towns for supportive
   functions to improve economic linkages-
   diversify essential activities- commercial,
   Trade and Commerce, Industrial, and
 NCR Planning Board should identify the roles
  of DMA towns, workout strategy and plan to
 • Work out guide lines and policies with
   concerned state Govts., city administration
   and development authorities.
 • Work out plans on self sustainable basis,
   involving private sector, private public
   partnership projects.
• Arrange finances, loans and grants.
• Fix priorities and phasing.
• Remove competition within the DMA towns.
Functions of DMA towns:
 Identification of DMA towns as important
   nodes, from planning point of view, to be
   developed for specific uses:
 • Gurgaon- commercial- office and retail
   shopping, Industrial.
 • Faridabad- Industrial- heavy and large
 • Noida- Commercial- Institutional and retail
   shopping, Recreational, electronics and IT
• Gr. Noida- Industrial- large-Automobile and
• Ghaziabad- Wholesale Trade and
  commerce- Food grains, sugar, Fruit and
  vegetable, building materials, Industry-
  heavy and large- engineering, steel, dairy,
  electronics, textiles, ceramics & potteries.
• There are certain wholesale trades in Delhi
  which are hazardous and located in
  congested areas and require bulk handling.
  These wholesale trades should be
  encouraged to shift in the DMA town-
• The trend to shift has already started –
  comm., Res., Ind., Inst. activities are shifting
  out from Delhi to peripheral towns, although
  this shift is unplanned and very slow.
• NCRPB will have to work out 5 yearly
  achievable Action Plans, based on the
  strengths and potentials of the towns, for all
  the activities and functions in a planned and
  phased manner.
• Incentives, Concessions and Infrastructure
  should be made available in the DMA towns
  to encourage and accelerate the
Let us develop all DMA towns better than Delhi:
• Physical Infrastructure - Roads, Power,
  Water, Solid waste
• Socio Cultural - Recreational, Educational,
• Transport - Inter city and Intra city
• Financial - Revenue generation through
  innovative methods, Uniform Tax structure.
 • Development of express Highways between
   DMA towns and Delhi- Six lanes/ eight lanes
   with service roads.
 • Development through private sector: Private
   sector should be involved to work as
   partners in Joint ventures for the
   development of –
          »   Housing
          »   Infrastructure
          »   Industrial/ IT centres
          »   Recreational areas.
• People’s participation with innovative
   – To mobilise and put to productive use
     people’s untapped creativity, resources
     and energy.
   – To offer opportunities to people to invent
     new, affordable and appropriate
     responses to the un- met needs in local
     situations and challenges of development
     with limited resources.
• Development of dependable, efficient and
  eco- friendly public transport system for inter
  city and intra city transport network in DMA
  towns and improve connectivity with Delhi.
• Shifting of Govt. PSU offices to DMA towns
• Establishment of Power Regulatory
  Authority for the NCR Area to coordinate the
  distribution of power within the region
     • Uniform Tariff
     • Un-interrupted quality power supply.
• Additional powers to NCR Planning Board
  – Re-examine the powers, functions and
    implementation procedures of
    implementing agencies and to remove
  – Finance raising powers
       – To go for public loans
       – To float bonds
       – To establish Infrastructure Development Fund.

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