NCR: Challenges and Opportunities GHAZIABAD- STRENGTHS AND POTENTIALS By: Bharat Bhushan Chief Architect Town Planner Ghaziabad Development Authority Ghaziabad NCR Planning Board “To reduce pressure on Delhi and disperse major commercial, Industrial, Institutional, Residential activities in neighbouring towns We require A strong political will and coordinated efforts from all the participating states including Delhi.” NCR and Ghaziabad Regional Setting: – Located on the banks of river Hindon (a tributary of river Yamuna) – Situated on the eastern border of Delhi Metropolitan Area (DMA) and part of National capital Region (NCR) CONNECTIVITY: – 3 major National Highways running through the City – NH 24 (DLI-LKO- Kolkatta), -NH 58 (DLI-MT-Dehradun), -NH 91 (DLI – Kanpur G.T. Road) – 14 km from Connaught Place (commercial hub of Delhi) – 12 km from Maharani Bagh (South Delhi) – Approach/Connectivity from Delhi is better than Gurgaon, Faridabad and Gr. Noida. – Very well connected by rail – on the DLI – MBD- Kolkatta. and DLI – Kanpur line. – IGI Airport 50 km. Population Growth: As a suburb of Delhi, Ghaziabad has experienced rapid growth. • 1981 – 2. 87 Lakhs • 1991 – 5. 11 Lakhs • 2001 – 9. 68 Lakhs • 2011 – 15. 00 Lakhs (projected) • Due to close proximity of Delhi – has attracted large-scale investments in housing Major builders/ developers operating in the area are: – Ansals – Eldeco – Shipra – Supertech – Gaur Estates Industrial Development The growth trend of Industrial Units and number of workers employed 1992-02: Financial Year No of Industrial No. of workers Investments units Employed (Lakhs) 1. 1992-93 908 4503 1710 2. 1993-94 721 3605 1405 3. 1994-95 711 3550 1399 4. 1995-96 677 3375 1302 5. 1996-97 1157 5780 2300 6. 1997-98 1164 5810 2305 7. 1998-99 1129 5630 2250 8. 1999-00 1010 5490 2018 9. 2000-01 1195 5965 2318 10. 2001-02 1165 5810 2307 Source: District Industries Centre, Ghaziabad Major Industrial Areas of Ghaziabad developed by UPSIDC – Sahibabad. – Loni – Hapur Road – Bulandshahar Road – Meerut Road. Major Industrial Units: – Mohan Meakins – Dabur – Bhushan Steels – ITC – Shri Ram Pistons – Amrit Vanaspati (Hindustan Lever) – Semtel Picture Tubes Infrastructure: • Good quality ground water available at a depth of 20 to30 m. – Additional Ganga water 30 cusecs is going to be available by Oct 2003. • Power- Needs improvement, 2 to 4 hours average power cut daily. • Good educational facilities – 23 Higher secondary schools – 4 Colleges – 7 Engineering Colleges – 18 Management Institutes including I.M.T. – 1 Medical College – 1 Ayurvedic Medicines College & 6 other vocational training institutes. • Ghaziabad is not only serving to local population, but also other neighbouring towns, including Delhi. • The city has excellent telecommunication facilities with 14 telephone exchanges and around 50,000 telephone connections. – Has a direct dialling facility from Delhi. • Late 80s and early 90s, real estate was on boom, Ghaziabad development Authority chalked out major development plans, borrowed huge loans, without studying market demand, developed/constructed houses and commercial buildings, trapped in financial crisis, could not pay the principal amount and the interest. Payment of Debt: • For the past one decade: had carried a debt burden of Rs. 512 crores, as a result, development capacity was seriously hampered. • One time settlement packages worked out with different financial institutions in the year 2001. • In a historic effort, GDA cleared all outstanding liabilities • Ghaziabad Development Authority -a Debt free organisation now. • Payment made during 2002-03 HUDCO Rs. 189.00 crores PNB Housing Finance Rs. 8.40 crores LIC Housing Finance Rs. 14.00 crores HDFC Rs. 2.20 crores Govt. loan Rs. 4.30 crores Total Rs. 217.90 crores • Special Drive to enhance Revenue Receipts: – One time settlement scheme (OTS) for all allottees. – Simplified Compounding Scheme for unauthorised construction. – Registration drive for allottees/ Power of attorney holders. (10,700 properties registered in one year. State govt. got Rs. 40.22 crores as Stamp duty. Strengths of Ghaziabad: – Proximity to Delhi. – Well connected by road and rail with Delhi and other neighbouring towns. – Presence of key Industries well planned developed industrial areas. – Low cost of land and houses. – Availability of skilled cheap labour. – Presence of Institutes of higher learning Medical/ Engineering, Management – No physical barrier in expansion and new development. – Improved law & order situation – Institutional, commercial and office space available in abundance at lower costs. Opportunities: – Private sector participation in providing urban infrastructure on BOT basis – roads, flyovers etc. – Private sector participation in housing – joint venture. – Development of Parks, recreational areas and entertainment centres. – Development of industries. − Joint venture approach towards land acquisition and subsequent housing development. GDA to confine to external development while Internal development to be done by the developer. This model will be tried out in the development of Garhmukteshwar- Brijghat and later on in Ghaziabad GDA’s Future projects: – Swarn Jayanti Park on 35 acres, costing Rs. 3.00 crores. – Development of Transport Nagar – 88 acres (First phase) – Development of Indraprasth Extension scheme, 350 acres on the border of Delhi. – Development of Pratap Vihar Extension Scheme – 30 acres. – Development of Garden City on Meerut Road – 3000 acres. – Development of Govind puram Extension scheme – 1000 acres. – Development of 9 hole golf course 30 acres, Rajendra Nagar. – Construction of link road between NH 24 Bye pass and NH 58 costing Rs. 22.5 crores on BOT basis. – Development of Ganga Water supply 30 cusec to GZB and 20 cusec to Noida. – Pollution control measures under Yamuna Action Plan-3 – Development of Garhmukteshwar- Brijghat as Socio cultural & Religious town on the lines of Haridwar. Improve Connectivity: – Development of FNG (Faridabad Noida Ghaziabad) Expressway. – Strengthen NH 24 (Hapur Road) By Pass and NH 58 (Meerut Road) with the provision of service roads on both sides within Ghaziabad city limits. – Development of IRBT corridor for better connectivity with Delhi Metro. – Development of Ghaziabad station as major terminal station for Passengers and Goods. – Disperse major wholesale Trade & Commerce activities in the UP Sub Region - Ghaziabad. – Improve/Strengthen infrastructure - Power, Water, Solid Waste and Roads to provide best quality of life Delhi’s limitations: • Delhi has limitations to grow- surrounded by other states all around. • Let Delhi be only administrative capital of India and DMA towns for supportive functions to improve economic linkages- diversify essential activities- commercial, Trade and Commerce, Industrial, and Institutional. Suggestions: NCR Planning Board should identify the roles of DMA towns, workout strategy and plan to disperse: • Work out guide lines and policies with concerned state Govts., city administration and development authorities. • Work out plans on self sustainable basis, involving private sector, private public partnership projects. • Arrange finances, loans and grants. • Fix priorities and phasing. • Remove competition within the DMA towns. Functions of DMA towns: Identification of DMA towns as important nodes, from planning point of view, to be developed for specific uses: • Gurgaon- commercial- office and retail shopping, Industrial. • Faridabad- Industrial- heavy and large • Noida- Commercial- Institutional and retail shopping, Recreational, electronics and IT hub. • Gr. Noida- Industrial- large-Automobile and electronics • Ghaziabad- Wholesale Trade and commerce- Food grains, sugar, Fruit and vegetable, building materials, Industry- heavy and large- engineering, steel, dairy, electronics, textiles, ceramics & potteries. • There are certain wholesale trades in Delhi which are hazardous and located in congested areas and require bulk handling. These wholesale trades should be encouraged to shift in the DMA town- Ghaziabad. • The trend to shift has already started – comm., Res., Ind., Inst. activities are shifting out from Delhi to peripheral towns, although this shift is unplanned and very slow. • NCRPB will have to work out 5 yearly achievable Action Plans, based on the strengths and potentials of the towns, for all the activities and functions in a planned and phased manner. • Incentives, Concessions and Infrastructure should be made available in the DMA towns to encourage and accelerate the development. Let us develop all DMA towns better than Delhi: • Physical Infrastructure - Roads, Power, Water, Solid waste • Socio Cultural - Recreational, Educational, Health • Transport - Inter city and Intra city • Financial - Revenue generation through innovative methods, Uniform Tax structure. Recommendations: • Development of express Highways between DMA towns and Delhi- Six lanes/ eight lanes with service roads. • Development through private sector: Private sector should be involved to work as partners in Joint ventures for the development of – » Housing » Infrastructure » Industrial/ IT centres » Recreational areas. • People’s participation with innovative approach: – To mobilise and put to productive use people’s untapped creativity, resources and energy. – To offer opportunities to people to invent new, affordable and appropriate responses to the un- met needs in local situations and challenges of development with limited resources. • Development of dependable, efficient and eco- friendly public transport system for inter city and intra city transport network in DMA towns and improve connectivity with Delhi. • Shifting of Govt. PSU offices to DMA towns • Establishment of Power Regulatory Authority for the NCR Area to coordinate the distribution of power within the region • Uniform Tariff • Un-interrupted quality power supply. • Additional powers to NCR Planning Board – Re-examine the powers, functions and implementation procedures of implementing agencies and to remove constraints. – Finance raising powers – To go for public loans – To float bonds – To establish Infrastructure Development Fund. THANK YOU!!!
Pages to are hidden for
"CONFLICT ON TRADING FLOOR"Please download to view full document