IDP 200708

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					INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN REVIEW




       2007/2008 FINANCIAL YEAR




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                                                                            TABLE OF CONTENTS



Chapter 1: Planning Process & Introduction of IDP ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page6

Chapter 2: Analysis Phase -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page19

2.1      Introduction ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page20
2.2      Study Area ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page20
3.1      Demographics---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page21
3.2      Population Projections----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page22
3.3      Household Income---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page25
3.4      Unemployment--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page26
3.5      Special Programmes ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page28
4        Educational Analysis ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page29

5.       Health & Social Development Analysis---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page32
5.2      Health related analysis------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page35

6        Economic Analysis ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page43

6.2       Mining --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Pge47




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6.3        Tourism -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page50
6.5        Economic Development: Community Perspective -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page56
6.6        Agriculture ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page59

7          Environmental Analysis------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page63

7.1.2      Geology -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page64
7.1.3      Industrial Polution-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page65
7.1.4      Environmentally Sensitive Areas ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page65
7.1.5      Community identified Environmental Issues ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page66

      8. Spatial analysis ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page68

8.1        Rural Development and Land Reform ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page69
8.1.1      Settlement Profiles------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page70
8.1.2      Development Nodes --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page72
8.1.3      Land use and Land Claims--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page72
8.1.4      Land Redistribution -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page76
8.1.6      Strategic Development Initiatives -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page77
8.1.7      East-West Sub-Corridor -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page78

      9. Housing--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page78

10.1 Water, Sanitation and Drought Analysis --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page86
10.1.3 Drought relief analysis--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page91




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11     Transport, Road and Storm Water ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page93

12     Solid Waste Management --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page97

13     Electricity -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page98

13.1   Infrastructure Development ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page101

14     Institutional Analysis ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page105

14.1   Financial Resources--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page105
14.2   Human Resources------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page109
15     Socio-Economic Analysis --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page114

16     Recreational and Sports Facilities----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page116

17     Socio-Economic Development: Community Perspective-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page116

18     Community Services---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page118

19     Safety and Security ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page119

Chapter 3: Development Strategies




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20     Background ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page121
20.1 Local Government Sphere ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page123
20.2 Provincial Government ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page124
20.3 Millennium Development Goal ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page126
20.4 Vision and Mission-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page146
20.5 Localised Strategic guidelines--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page147
20.6 Chapter 4: Projects----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page189
Chapter 5: Integration Phase --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page199

21.2      Integrated Sector Programmes -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page200
21.3      Water Services Development Plan -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page202
21.4      Integrated Transport Plan -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page203
21.5      Integrated Waste Management Plan -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page203
21.6      Five Year Financial Plan ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page204
21.7      Three Year Capital Investment Programme --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page215
21.8      Five Year Action Programme ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page215
21.9      Performance Management System -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page216
21.10     Spatial Development Framework ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page221
21.11     Integrated Poverty Reduction and Gender Equity Programme -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page224
21.12     Integrated Environmental Programme ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page226
21.13     Integrated Local Economic Development Programme--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page230
21.14     Integrated Institutional Programme --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page232
21.15     Integrated HIV/AIDS Programme ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page243
21.16     Disaster Management ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page246




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CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION




                            5
THE PLANNING PROCESS AND INTRODUCTION OF INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLANNING

Integrated development planning is one of the key tools for local government to cope with its new role and function in terms of
the Constitution of The Republic of South Africa, 1996 and other applicable legislation. In contrast to the role planning has played
in the past, Integrated Development Planning is now seen as a function of municipal management, as part of an integrated system
of planning and delivery. The Integrated Development Planning process is meant to arrive at decisions on issues such as municipal
budgets, land management, social and economic development and Institutional transformation in a consultative, systematic and
strategic manner.

Integrated Development Planning is a process through which municipalities prepare a strategic development plan, for
a five-year period. The Integrated Development Plan (IDP) is a product of the integrated development planning
process. The IDP is the principal strategic planning instrument that guides and informs all planning, budgeting,
management and decision-making in a municipality. It is a tool for bridging the gap between the current reality and
the vision of satisfying the needs of the whole community in an equitable and sustainable manner. Integrated
development planning will enable municipalities to develop strategic policy capacity to mobilise resources and to
target their activities. In practice the IDP is a comprehensive strategic business plan for the municipality over the




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short and medium term.

Under the new Constitution, local government has a new, expanded role to play. In addition to the traditional role of
providing services, municipalities must now lead, manage and plan for development and also play an active role in
social and human development. In addition to ensuring that all citizens have access to at least a minimum level of
basic services, municipalities must now also take a leading role in addressing poverty, and in promoting local
economic and social development.

They must not only deliver on present demands for services, they must also anticipate future demands and find ways
to provide services in an effective, efficient and sustainable manner over the short, medium and long term.

The value of integrated development planning for municipalities lies in the formulation of focused plans, based on developmental
priorities. It is essential to spend the limited council resources on the key development priorities of the local community. This is
the essence of the IDP - how to align the projects, plans, budgets and other council resources, as well as the budgets, programmes,
etc. of Provincial and National Government with the sustainable development priorities of the community.




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INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS, ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

The IDP process requires that all role-players are fully aware of their own, as well as other role-players’
responsibilities in the execution of the IDP process.

       The roles and responsibilities of the various spheres of government and other relevant stakeholders are as
   follows:

             The role of the national sphere of government is to provide a legal framework, policy guidelines and principles for sectoral,
              provincial and localgovernment planning.
             National government’s involvement in the process was basically restricted to the input from specific departments
              (e.g.DWAF) rendering services in the provinces and to assist and guide municipalities in the integrated development
              planning process;
             The role of the provincial sphere of government is to monitor the IDP process on a provincial level, facilitate horizontal
              alignment of the IDP’s of district municipalities within the province and to ensure that vertical/sector alignment took place
              between provincial sector departments and the municipal planning process;
             The role of the Waterberg District Municipality is firstly to compile a 5 - year IDP as part of an integrated system of planning
              and delivery, which will serve as an outline for all future development activities within the municipal area.




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             The local municipality is responsible to effect horizontal alignment of the IDP’s of adjacent municipalities, vertical alignment
              between district and local planning and the facilitation of vertical alignment of IDP’s with other spheres of government
              and sector departments; and
             The input and participation of corporate service providers, private sector, NGO’s, representatives of organised stakeholder
              groups, etc. in the IDP process is important as these stakeholders are involved in providing goods and rendering services
              in the municipal area and to inform the planning process of issues, problems and constraints experienced, opportunities
              that exists and areas of potential intervention.



The following diagram indicates the organizational structure that was established to ensure the institutionalisation of
the IDP process, the effective management of the drafting of the IDP and to ensure proper and sufficient stakeholder
participation in decision-making.



DIAGRAM 1: INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE IDP REVIEW PROCESS




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                                 COUNCIL


                       MAYOR/EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE


                              MUNICIPAL MANAGER



                        IDP STEERING COMMITTEE             IDP REP FORUM



PLANNING&TECHN    CORPORATE            FINANCE        COMMUNITY         PROTECTION
  ICAL SERVICES    SUPPORT                             SERVICES          SERVICES
                   SERVICES



                                 PROJECT TASK TEAMS




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  TABLE A: THE ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF EACH STAKEHOLDER DURING THE IDP REVIEW PROCESS

ACTORS                                                    ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
Council            Has to consider, adopt, monitor and approve the process that was followed in reviewing the IDP and budget.
Mayor/Executive    Manage the drafting process, assign responsibilities and submit the draft plan to council for
committee          adoption
Portfolio          Participate in the IDP process. Assists the mayor as well as officials in problem solving and
Councillors        establishing policies regarding their specific portfolio committees.
Ward Councillors   Link the planning process to their constituencies, organise stakeholder consultation and participation
and Committees     through local level representative structures and through the IDP Rep Forum and ensure that the
                   municipal budget is linked to and based on the IDP.
Municipal          Is responsible for the overall management, co-ordination and monitoring of the planning process,
Manager            ensuring that all relevant actors are appropriately involved, is responsible for the day-to-day
                   management of the drafting process, ensures that Alignment takes place with provincial and
                   national department’s budgets and alignment of planning activities on provincial and local level.
Line function      Takes joint responsibility for overall management, co-ordination and monitoring of the planning
Managers           process. They would identify persons to be in charge of the different roles, activities and
                   responsibilities of the process and specific planning activities, screens the contents of the IDP,
                   considers and comment on inputs from sub-committees, provincial sector departments and
                   specialists,as well as comment on draft outputs from each phase of the IDP.




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PIMSS             Offer Professional support and technical guidance to both the district and local municipalities. Co-
                  ordinate Project implementation and IDP meetings.
Sector            They provide all relevant technical, sector and financial information for analysis to determine priority
Departments       issues and contribute technical expertise in the identification of projects. They are also responsible
(Province,        for the preparation of Project proposals, the integration of projects and sector programmes.
national)
Business sector   They form part of the IDP representative forum and make contributions to the IDP process at that
                  level.

NGO’s and CBO’s   Support the alignment procedures between the municipalities and spheres of government and
                  product related contributions at the IDP representative forum.
Community         Submit inputs to the IDP process through ward committees and public consultation processes to the
members           IDP representative forum at Local municipal level. Municipalities will then submit the said inputs in a
                  form of in-depth analysis to the district for consideration during the review process. Each ward will
                  be expected to establish ward plans that will inform the IDP process




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PROCESS OVERVIEW: STEPS AND EVENTS


The Lephalale local Municipality's approach to Review process was based on a community and issue driven
approach. Although the Local Municipality is legally obliged to review and approve an Integrated Development Plan
and to align all actions, projects, programmes etc. according to the issues in terms of the IDP, the approach followed
by the Lephalale Municipality included the facilitation and capturing of issues identified by the community that relates
to the competency of other stakeholders and that should be addressed by these stakeholders.

The IDP review process officially commenced in August 2006.

The planning process necessitated that various meetings were held with communities, wards, government
departments, organizations and institutions through the established IDP structures.indicates the relevant
meetings/activities that were held throughout the IDP Review process, the composition of the meetings, the number
of meetings held and the purpose thereof.




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   TABLE A.1: MEETINGS/WORKSHOPS HELD DURING IDP PROCESS
Meetings           No. of Meetings                 Composition                                  Purpose
Council meetings   3              Meetings were attended by:     The purpose of the meetings were to:
                                     Mayor;
                                     Councillors; and              Approve the IDP Review Process Plan
                                     Directorate Managers          Approve draft IDP reviewed
                                                                    Approve final IDP
IDP Steering       5             Meetings were attended by:      The purpose of the meetings were to:
Committee meetings
                                       Councilors                    Manage, co-ordinate and monitor the IDP Process;
                                       Municipal Manager;            Ensure that all relevant actors were appropriately
                                       Directorate Managers,          involved;
                                       Divisional Heads              Identify municipal wide issues and ensure that
                                       IDP Officer                    issues are addressed in the planning process;
                                                                      Ensure that horizontal & vertical alignment took
                                                                       place in planning process;
                                                                      Discuss and comment on inputs from provincial
                                                                       sector departments and support providers; and
                                                                      Comment on draft outputs from each phase of the
                                                                       IDP.




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Meetings              No. of Meetings                 Composition                                  Purpose
Public Consultation   40             Meetings were attended by
meetings                                                               To conduct a situational analysis in respective villages
                                          Ward Councillors              and wards
                                          Ward committee members      To identify and prioritise the needs of communities in
                                          Community Development        Villages and affected wards
                                           Workers                     To identify projects and make proposed outcomes
                                          Traditional leaders,
                                          NGO’S
                                          CBO’S
                                          Business formations
                                          The public




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 Meetings            No. of Meetings                 Composition                                            Purpose
IDP Representative   4              Meetings were attended by                 The purpose of the meeting was to:
Forum Meeting                                                                     Co-ordinate with local municipalities,provincial and
                                          Councillors                                 National departments
                                          Ward committee members                 Form a structured link between the municipal
                                          Community Development                    Government and representatives of the public;
                                           Workers                                Adopt the analysis,strategies and projects
                                          Traditional leaders,                   Provide an organizational mechanism for discussion
                                          NGO’S                                    Negotiation and decision-making between the
                                          CBO’S                                    Stakeholders including ward committees and
                                          Business formations                     Community development workers on the framework
                                          The public                               And process plan for review, the situational
                                          Sector Departments                       Analysis, strategies and project phase


   The above-mentioned meetings were held on a regular basis at predetermined dates and giving participants sufficient notice of such

    meetings. The composition of the meetings were done to suit the local circumstances of the villages and wards to ensure that sufficient

   representation and participation on local level is achieved.Most of the work was done ta the steering committee level, while public participation

   took place during Ward based imbizos, IDP Representative Forum meetings where local needs and issues were raised.




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Reports on progress with the IDP process were submitted to the Representative Forum for discussion. The Steering Committee was primarily

responsible for alignment of processes, projects and budgets between other spheres of government and the municipality.

SELF-ASSESSMENT OF THE PLANNING PROCESS
The assessment of the IDP process was done in terms of the following criteria:

             IDP Review process (methodology) as contained in the IDP Guidelines;
             Content requirements of the IDP as stipulated in the IDP Guidelines;
             Public participation;
             Co-ordination with sector departments in terms of time frames;
             Integration of planning processes and budgets with sector departments and
             Integration with district, provincial and national governments.




Table contains the assessment of the planning process in terms of the aforementioned criteria.




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TABLE A.2: SELF-ASSESSMENT OF THE IDP REVIEW PLANNING PROCESS
                CRITERIA                                                   ASSESSMENT
                                The IDP Guide Pack provides sufficient guidelines that can be followed to complete the IDP.
1    IDP process (methodology) The process is clear and logic.
     Content requirements of theThe IDP Guide Pack requires minimum outputs or deliverables, which are not
2    IDP                        necessarily applicable on all levels of local government, i.e. metro councils,
                                district councils, local municipalities.
                                Provision is made for sufficient public participation although stakeholders need to
3    Public participation       be educated and supported to interact more in the process.

       Co-ordination with ward    The review process has experienced difficulty with regard to co-ordination
       Sector departments         with sector departments with regard to time frames. This is due to various
4      (time frames)              reasons,which will not necessarily repeat itself in future. Interventions were and
                                  are still sought through IDP engagement processes to dealwith this matter
       Integration with sector    Sufficient integration between the provincial and national government took
5      Departments                Place even the planning on MTEF basis still require further strengthening

                                   Integration with Provincial and National Government is currently sufficient.
       Integration with national and
       provincial                  The main stumbling block as identified, is the budgeting process of sector
6      governments                 departments as it is unknown to officials nominated to be part of the IDP
                                   representative forum and their non involvement in the formulation of municipal
                                   sector plans and programmes.




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CHAPTER TWO: ANALYSIS PHASE




                              19
2.1.   INTRODUCTION

A prelude to this chapter is an outline of the locality of Lephalale Municipality. This is followed by a comprehensive discussion
of the development profile of the Municipality, organised according to the following rubrics: economic, environmental, spatial/ physical,
institutional and socio-economic analysis.

2.2. STUDY AREA
The study area represents the area under the jurisdiction of the new Lephalale Municipality (NP362). The Lephalale
Municipality covers an area of 1 960 514.42ha.(The municipal boundaries has since been re-determined) There are
three border control posts with Botswana at Groblersbrug,Stockpoort and Platjan.

Study Area and its Boundaries




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                                               L e p h a la l e             Le p h a la l e
                                                                                                            M o g al a k w e n a
                                                                      &
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                                                                                                                         M ok o p a n e
                                                                                                     M od im olle                         &
                                                                                                                                          V
                                                                                              V
                                                                                              &
                                                                                                  Va a l w a te r
                                                                                                                                                    20              &
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                           Th ab a zi m b i                                                                                V
                                                                                                                           &
                                                                                                                               M oo k g o p o n g
                                                     &
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                                                         Th a b a zim b i                          M od im o l le
                                                                                                              &
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                                                                                                                                   M oo kg op on g
                                                                                 Be l a - Be l a        &
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                                                                                       Be l a - Be la                                               &
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                                                                                                                                                            V
                                                                                                                                                            &
 3.1 Demographics

According to Statistics South Africa 2001 Census, the projected total population in Lephalale Municipality approximately 102 736, which is
 Tantamount to 26 256 households multiply by 3.92 a household size. The Lephalale Municipality's population constituted 15,64% of the total
population of the Waterberg District Municipality by then.(The current information has been updated by Lephalale municipality based on the out
come of feasibility study of Eskom and Exxaro on the new development)

Table 3.1.1 Estimated population of Lephalale Municipal area
 LOCAL                    ESTIMATED        NO            OF AVERAGE            %   OF     DISTRICT
 MUNICIPALITY             POPULATION HOUSEHOLDS HOUSEHOLD                      MUNICIPALITY
                                                             SIZE
 Lephalale                104 144          25 401              4.0             15.64
 Total                    104 144          25 401              4.0             15.64
                                     Source: Updated by Lephalale Municipality 2006


 MUNICIPALITY OCT 2001      OCT 2001     APRIL 2006    APRIL 2006       CURRENT ANNUAL     CURRENT      COMMUNITIES        HH      NO OF
  LEPHALALE POPULATION HOUSEHOLDS POPULATION HOUSEHOLDS               POP GROWTH RATE ANNUAL HH                         DENSITY   WARDS
                                                                          %               GROWTH RATE%
             96 072        23 401         102 723     26 256            1.95               2.38               41           3.92     12
              Source; STATS SA,2001 & DWAF,2006




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Table 3.1.2 The total figures are based on information supplied by the consultants for Lephalale LM Core information and will need
to be updated on a regurlar basis.

 House-       1        2       3        4        5      6       7        8      9       10     11     12       Total
 hold size
 Lephalale    1 900    4 252   2 574    7182     904    1 407   1 507    816    1011    2011   805    1605     25 401
 Total        1 900    4 252   2 574    7182     904    1 407   1 507    816    1011    2011   805    1605     25 401
                               Source: Updated by Lephalale Municipality 2006

3.2. Population Projections
Various factors impact on the calculation of population growth rates and influence estimates made by demographers.
The most important factors are the impact of HIV/AIDS, migration (also illegal immigration to areas in the Province), etc.
Unpredictable and changing circumstances necessitate the frequent revision of both municipal integrated development
planning, as well as macro spatial planning. The calculation of growth rates for future population estimates for areas
may change more drastically in years to come due to factors such as HIV/AIDS and migration.

The 2001 Census population figures were used as basis for population projections. Based on specific assumptions
(Estimated population based on annual growth rates calculated by the BMR), the Bureau for Market Research
(BMR) calculated growth rates for local municipal areas during the compilation of the Limpopo Spatial Rationale (which
was adopted by the Limpopo Province). These (BMR) growth rates were used to make population projections for
individual municipal areas




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 Table 3.2.1 Population projections
   LOCAL         2001                            POPULATION PROJECTIONS
  MUNICIP      CENSUS                 2004                     2006                   2010
   A-LITY      POPULA-       POPULA-         RATE     POPULA-         RATE     POPULA-       RATE
                 TION          TION            %        TION            %        TION          %
 Lephalale    96 074        100 028          1.345   104 144          1.172   121 144        1.024
 Total        96 074        100 028          1.345   104 144          1.172   121 144        1.024


It is envisaged that the total population for Lephalale Municipality will increase from 104 144 to 121 144 in 2010.

The estimated future population of Lephalale Municipality will increase with approximately 17 000 people over the next 6
years. The implications of the increase in population for the development of the municipality are very important.
Additional social facilities and Municipal Infrastructure will be needed to accommodate the expected increase in
population and increase in population necessitates the upgrading of existing social facilities and infrastructure.

The provision and upgrading of infrastructure should focus on priority development nodes/areas to be identified as part
of this study.

 Table 3.2.2 Population projections




                                                                                                                      23
 VILLAGE NAME      PLANNING POP    PLANNING POP    PLANNING POP   PLANNING POP
                        2003           2004            2005       2006
Marapong           5570           5639            5706            9851
Lephalale          9434           9551            9664            10757
Setateng           5784           5856            5925            5995
Ga-Monyeki         3508           3552            3594            4142
Mathladi           3728           3774            3818            2417
Motlhasedi         1686           1707            1727            1960
Ga-Seleka          5336           5402            5465            6212
Kauletsi           1774           1796            1817            1853
Baltimore          1394           1412            1428            1445
Maasstroom         1593           1612            1631            1650
Marnitz            985            997             1008            1020
Tom Burke          780            789             799             808
Swartwater         435            441             446             451
Bangalong          755            765             774             1028
Ga-Maeteletsa      1111           1125            1138            1212
Mokuruanyane       380            385             389             769
Dipompong          663            671             679             884
Reabetswe          663            671             679             915
Tlapa le Borethe   307            311             314             468
Kiti               478            483             489             495
Keletse le Mma     668            676             684             1173
Senoela            614            622             629             772
Mmaletswai         1423           1440            1457            1813
Ditloung           424            429             434             494
Hlagalakwena       395            400             404             601
Mongalo            531            538             544             743
Ga-Mocheko         526            533             539             714
Lerupurupung       3840           3889            3933            1459
Sefilhogo          2271           2307            2326            2353
Botsalanong        1213           1229            1243            1514
                                                                               24
Segale             326            339             334             382
Kopanong           604            620             619             626
Lebu               346            350             354             397
Letlora            648            656             664             1356
Moong              750            760             769             1101
Morwe              1057           1071            1083            1455
Botshabelo         736            750             754             858
Magadimela         136            140             140             162
      Tshelammake           258                 265                   265                  447
      Thabo mbeki                               596                   1123                 2622
      Kgobagodimo           1647                1680                  1648                 2357
      Mokuruanyane          546                 554                   560                  899
      Mokuruanyane          1154                1170                  1182                 1104
      Mokuruanyane          655                 664                   670                  1034
      Mokuruanyane          1395                1420                  1429                 3449
      Farms                 27781               28130                 28458                28794
      TOTAL                 98616               100028                101017               104 144

                              Source: Updated by Lephalale Municipality 2006


There is a lot of speculation about new development which is envisaged for Lephalale. The statistics as captured can
therefore change drastically. All the information is not yet available but is unfolding in pieces.

3.3 Household Income
The household poverty level was estimated to be R15600 per annum during the year 2000. The implication from these
figures is that 98% of all households in the municipal area can be considered to be living in poverty. Disposable
income is therefore low, which is a major constraint to the development of the trade sector. It also has important
implications for the calculation of the equitable share from national revenue that should be allocated to Lephalale
Municipality.




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Table 3.3.1: Annual household income, 2001
  INCOME LEVEL                            HOUSEHOLD
                                 NUMBER            PERSENTAGE
None                    598                    2%
R1 – R400               13 943                 48%
R401 – R800             4 979                  17%
R801 – R1 600           2 230                  8%
R1 601 – R3 200         2 821                  10%
R3 201 – R6 400         2 471                  9%
R6 401 – R12 800        1 127                  4%
R12 801 – R25 600       282                    1%
R25 601 +               213                    1%
Total                   28 664                 100%
Source: Statistics South Africa 2001 Census

3.4 Unemployment

According Statistics South Africa 2001 Census, the economically active section of the population consists of 28 675
and 5 274 employed and unemployed respectively. Over the past few years there has been an increase in the number
of jobs created in the local economy of Lephalale Municipality. It is contended that this increased rate of employment
has been 11.5%. In light of the proposed local economic development initiatives, including the expanded public works
programme, the prospect for increased economic growth and development look positive.




                                                                                                               26
A thorough examination of the employed economically active people through occupation structure shows that the
majority of employed people are concentrated in elementary occupations (48%). The second major occupation
category is skilled agricultural workers (13%). This occupation structure points to vulnerability of the workforce in the
context of expanding medium to high technology industrial activities in the local economy



Table 3.4.1 Occupation structure
                OCCUPATION                              NUMBER                NUMBER (%)

 Legislations, senior officials & managers          564                  2%
 Professionals                                      826                  3%
 Technicians & associate professionals              1262                 4%
 Clerks                                             1415                 5%
 Service workers, shop & market sales               1364                 5%
 Skilled agricultural & fishery workers             3589                 13%
 Craft & related trade workers                      2993                 10%
 Plant & machine Operators & assemblers             1419                 5%
 Elementary occupations                             13822                48%
 Occupations unspecified not elsewhere              0                    0%
 Undetermined                                       1421                 5%
 Total                                              28675                100%




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3.5 SPECIALPROGRAMMES
In recognition of the need to integrate marginalized communities, special programme unit for the facilitation for
the integration and mainstreaming process must be introduced in Lephalale municipality. Much work was done
on an adhoc basis by the municipality in this regard but was more focused on campaigns rather than economic
development programmes.
As statistics South Africa confirms, young people constitute the majority of the population in Lephalale (statssa
2001) In spite of this reality, young people and women have not been the key beneficiaries in the economic
mainstream of the municipality. A municipal youth plan must be developed with the intention to address this
situation.
Whilst there are organizations representing disabled people, the reality that faces the municipality is that
disabled people are not integrated into the municipality’s implementation plan. This has led to low economic
development opportunities for disabled people. Children also bear the brunt of disorganization. The municipality
should embark on a process of establishing a junior council which will be a pace setter for the development of the
children’s development framework. As a sector plan, the special programmes strategy sets the framework for the
integration and mainstreaming of all designated groups. Funding needs to availled for the implementation of the
strategy through the integration of programmes and projects of all clusters and sector plans of the Waterberg
District.




                                                                                                            28
 4. EDUCATIONAL ANALYSIS
 TABLE 4.1 Summary on Educational status in Lephalale



MUNICIPALI                            TYPE OF SCHOOL                               LEARNERS       EDUCATORS       LEARNERS PER    NO. OF                    SCHOOLS WITH
TY                                                                                                                EDUCATOR        CLASSROOM
                                                                                                                  RATIO           S
                                                                                                                  ACCEPTABLE
                                                                                                                  RATIO: 1:35 –
                                                                                                                  SECONDARY

                                                                                                                  1: 40 –
                                                                                                                  PRIMARY
              Secondary     Special   Primary   Combine   FET/Higher    Total   Female   Male     Female   Male                               Electricity   Water     Sanitation
                                                d         Learning
                                                          Institution
LEPHALALE          28         1         77         8            1        115    18 912   15 830    726     558        27.1          1 086         96             73       98




In Lephalale municipal area 96 schools have access to electricity whereas 73 have access to water. Out of 115 schools, only 78 have access to sanitation, which mean
that there is a backlog of 37 schools that need sanitation, 19 require electricity and 42 needing water provision. The learner per educator ratio accounts for 27.1 learners
pereducator on average. There are more female learners attending school than male learners. The number of female educators is higher than that of male educators



Table 4.2: Educational performance – attendance

      ATTENDANCE STATUS                      NUMBER           NUMBER (%)

Not attending                                13 635       32
Pre-school                                   1 603        4
School                                       26 723       63
College                                      458          1
Technikon                                    108          0.3
University                                   73           0.2
Adult education                              31           0.07
Other                                        89           0.2
TOTAL                                        42 720       100%


                  Source: Statistics South Africa 2001 Census




                                                                                                                                                            29
                          Table 4.1.3 Public Schools in Farm areas

                                                  LEPHALALE LOCAL MUNICIPALITY

                          SCHOOL                      TYPE OF SCHOOL   GRADES NO       OF   NO
                                                                              CLASSROO      LEARNE
                                                                              MS            RS
Table 4.1.3 Public Schools in Farm areas
                          Bilton Primary              Farm Primary     R-7    2             23
                          Bosthelong Primary          Farm Primary     1-7    22            27
                          Ditheku Primary             Farm Primary     1-7    12(Temporar   226
                                                                              y at
                                                                              Phegelelo)
                          Ga-Phakula Combined         Farm Combined    R-9    6             104
                          Hooikraal Primary           Farm Primary     R-7    1             12
                          Kwa Pele Primary            Farm Primary     R-7    3             44
                          Laponglogang Primary        Farm Primary     R-7    2             68
                          Lerekhureng Combined        Farm Combined    R-9    6             167
                          Mahlasaneng Primary         Farm Primary     1-7    2             10
                          Makilaka Primary            Farm Primary     1-7    2             24
                          Mareletsane Primary         Farm Primary     R-7    4             81
                          Matshaneng Primary          Farm Primary     R-7    4             28
                          Mmaphasalala Primary        Farm Primary     R-7    3             24
                          Morekhure primary           Farm Primary     R-7    2             29
                          Motlhopi Primary            Farm Primary     1-7    3             53
                          Motoma Primary              Farm Primary     R-7    3             13
                          Mpepule Primary             Farm Primary     1-7    3             56
                          Relebogile Primary          Farm Primary     R-7    2             37
                          Rosevalley Primary          Farm Primary     R-7    2             28
                          Safari Primary              Farm Primary     1-7    2 30          15
                          Skuinskloof Primary         Farm Primary     R-7    3             34
                          Sterkfontein Primary        Farm Primary     R-7    3             21
                          Tshukudu Primary            Farm Primary     R-T    2             55
The above table outline number of Public Schools on private property within Lephalale Municipality. The extent of
public schools on private property in this municipal and the potential impact it may have depending on the outcome of
investigations of land claims, is still substantial and may impact heavily on the development planning and spatial
development framework of this local municipality.


     CHALLENGES

                Provision of water and electricity to a number of schools.
                Ensuring that gender equality is maintained among educators throughout the area


    Table 4.5 ABET DIVISION FOR LEPHALALE MUNICIPALITY
     LOCAL         LEVEL ONE           LEVEL TWO                                 LEVEL THREE               LEVEL FOUR
      MUNICI-
      PALITY
                    No of     M   F    No of   No of    M    F    No of     No of   M    F    No of   No of   M    F    No of
                    learner            Tu-     learne             Tu-tors   learn             Tu-     learn             Tu-tors
                    s                  tors    rs                           ers               tors    ers
     Bosveld        10        2   8    1       6        1    7    1         10      0    10   2       13      3    10   4
     Marapong       5         0   5    1       43       19   24   4         44      27   17   6       34      19   15   6
     Tshukudu       8         3   5    1       6        2    4    0         9       2    7    2       9       2    7    2
     Baphoting      1         0   1    1       0        0    0    0         5       2    3    1       20      4    16   1
     Total          24        5   19   4       53       21   35   5         68      31   37   11      76      28   48   13


    There are 2 Abet divisions within Lephalale Municipality
    NB:     Level 1: GR 1 – GR 4
    Level 2: GR5




                                                                                                                        31
     Level 3: GR 7 (combined with GR 6)
     Level 4: GR 9 (combined with GR 8)
     After the completion of GR 9, learners obtain General Education Training
     Certificate (GET) to further their education level at FET‟s where they start with
     N1.
5.    HEALTH AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT ANALYSIS
              SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
      Table 5.1.1 Indicating various categories of beneficiaries receiving social grants
                                                                FOSTER       CHILD    CARE        TOTAL
        OLD     DISABILI      WAR         COMBI GRAND            CARE       SUPPOR DEPENDEN
        AGE     TY            VETERA      NATIO IN AID                      T GRANT CY GRANT
                              N           N
        4317       2 167          8          7         36         967         19267        233   27002




                                                                                                         32
Table 5.1.2 Types of projects under the Social Work Services Programme that are supported financially by the Social
Development Dept. per municipal area.
         TYPES OF
         GROUPS
       SUPPORTED TOTAL NUMBER                 TOTAL NUMBER IN              ANNUAL FUNDING
                      PRESENTLY FUNDED        PROCESS TO BE FUNDED
           NON-
      RESIDENTIAL
        FACILITIES
      Places of Care,
       e.g. Creche's          15                            5                          R 799,824
        Social Work
       Post Private
           NGO's               1                                                       R 89,726
        Stimulation
         Units for
         disabled
          children             4                                                       R 89,726

          TOTAL                 20                          5                          R 979,276




                                                                                                           33
Table 5.1.3 Types of projects in relation to the development and Support Services Programme that are financially
assisted by the Social Development Dept. per municipal area
                 Sewing                                            3            203762.48
                 Bakery                                            1               200016
                 Poultry                                           3               141000
                 Fencing                                           1                73000
                 Brick making                                      1                79000
                 Pottery                                           1               141000
                 Vegetable                                         1                73000
                 Dual Purpose                                      2               700000
  SUB-TOTAL                                                       13         1610778.48


 Table 5.1.4: Table Indicating Emergency   Food Security Programme
                              120          ELLISRAS/MARAPONG                  120
                               95          ABBOTSPOORT                         95
                              108          SHONGWANE                          108
                              135          SELEKA                             135
  LEPHALALE                    60          WITPOORT                            60
  SUB-TOTAL                   518                                             518

Table 5.1.5: Integrated Social Development Services to replace emergency food security programme
                     POVERTY LEVEL                   ALLOCATION
 Lephalale           60.6%                           518




                                                                                                      34
5.2 HEALTH RELATED ANALYSIS
    Table 5.2.1 Immunisation coverage
           BCG Coverage
Municipality                                                           Immunisation Covergae under 1 year
                                           Measles Coverage under 1 year
           (Target 90%)
            2004/05                        (Target 9%)                 (Target 90%)



                      2005/06


                                2006/07


                                           2004/05



                                                      2005/06



                                                                  2006/07




                                                                                2004/05



                                                                                            2005/06



                                                                                                      2006/07
                                (Target)




                                                                  (Target)




                                                                                                      (Target)
Lephalale   83.29     90                   62.20     70                         55.13       58..0     64
                                            Source: Dept of Health, 2007




    Table 5.2.2: Health Priorities
Provincial                                     District                  Lephalale
HIV/AIDS                                       HIV/AIDS                  HIV/AIDS
Tuberculosis                                   Tuberculosis              Tuberculosis
Pneumonia                                      Agricultural              Agricultural
                                               Poisoning                  Poisoning
Malaria                                        Meningo – coocal          Meningo – coocal
                                               Meningitis                meningitis
Cancer                                         STI                       STI
Food poisoning                                 Hypertension              Hypertension




                                                                                                                 35
Table 5.2.3: Accredited sites for the comprehensive plan for Hiv and aids care, management and treatment (ARV program) – trends
             and targets
                                 Number of accredited sites that are functional people assessed CD4 Testing Rate
Hospitals Number of accredited sites                                     No. of
           2005\06




                                        2005\06




                                                                                2005\06




                                                                                                                       2005\06
                     2006/07




                                                    2006/07




                                                                                          2006/07




                                                                                                             2004/05




                                                                                                                                 2006/07
                               Target




                                                              Target




                                                                                                    Target




                                                                                                                                           Target
Ellisras   1         1                  1                                       976                          -         36.8      40.0
Witpoort   1         1                  1                                                                    -




                                                                                                             36
Number of Clinics,        Municipality          Hospitals         Clinics      Mobiles                         COMMENT
Hospitals and Mobiles
                          Lephalale             3                   6       6
                                                                                               Mobiles services visit stopping points once or
                                                2.1 Ellisras Hospital                           twice a month
                                                2.2 Witpoort Hospital
                                                2.3 Marapong Private Hospital                  Ellisras – no extension plans, low UBUR unit,
                                                                                                due to the decline of number of patients.
                                                                                               Witpoort – low UBUR
Number of Hospital Beds Hospitals               No of beds                               Utilisation
                                                                                                            Clinic utilisation rate= 2.2%
                                                                                         Rate (%)
                          Ellisras              82                                       69                 Mobile units utilisation rate=1.7%
                                                                                                            Utilisation rate of both clinics and
                                                                                                            mobile units is generally very low.
                          Witpoort              42                                       60
Selected Human            Name of                                                        Comments
Resource Data Hospitals   Hospital/health       Number of professional Staff
                          centre
                          Ellisras              No of doctors = 13
                                                No. of Prof. Nurses = 33
                                                No. of Specialists= 3
                          Marapong Private      No. of General Practitioners = 13
                          Hospital              No. of professional nurses = 8
                                                No. of Specialists= 7
                          Witpoort Hospital     No. of doctors= 6
                                                No. of Professional nurses= 15
                                                No. of Specialists= 4
TOTAL                     Doctors=                                                       Specialists=
                                                Professional nurses=
Selected Human            Primary Health                                                               37
resource data on          Care Centre           Number of Professional nurses            Comment
Primary Health Care       1.Lephalale           71
Services
TOTAL
Main causes of death      Natural ill defined
                                                                                         Children under five years die from diarrhoea diseases,
                          causes
                                                                                         respiratory infection and nutritional deficiencies.
                          Undetermined
                          injuries
                          Cardiovascular
                          diseases
                          Stroke
                          Tuberculosis
Table 5.2.4 Number of Hospital beds
Sum of
CalcOU5                                                                              Sub-district
Sort Order    Ind Name                                              IndType
           1 Utilisation rate – PHC (annualised)                        Nox12                  1.6
           4 Proportion of PHC headcount seen between 7pm and 7am         %                    1.0
           5 Child under 5 years case load - PHC                          %                   22.9
           6 Professional Nurse clinical work load - PHC                  No                  24.6
           7 Enrolled Nurse clinical work load - PHC                      No                  90.4
           8 Nursing Assistant clinical work load - PHC                   No                  28.4
          10 Nurse clinical work load - PHC                               No                  11.5
          11 Doctor clinical work load - PHC                              No                   4.9
          16 Usable bed utilisation rate - total                          %                   56.7
          18 Case fatality rate for surgery separations                   %                    0.3
          19 Day surgery rate                                             %                    2.1
          22 Utilisation rate - OPD (annualised)                        Nox12                  0.3




                                                                                38
27   Not gaining weight rate under 5 years                      %            2.2
28   Underweight for age rate under 5 years                     %            0.9
30   Severe malnutrition admission rate under 5 years           %            3.6
31   Severe malnutrition case fatality rate under 5 years       %           20.0
     Diarrhoea without dehydration incidence under 5 years
32   (annualised)                                              %x12         13.4
     Diarrhoea with dehydration incidence under 5 years
33   (annualised)                                              per1K         1.1
34   Diarrhoea incidence under 5 years (annualised)            %x12         14.8
35   Diarrhoea with dehydration admission rate under 5 years    %           23.6
37   Pneumonia incidence under 5 years (annualised)            %x12          2.5
38   Pneumonia admission rate under 5 years                     %           35.0
39   Pneumonia case fatality rate under 5 years                 %           10.2
40   Facility mortality under 1 year rate                       %           27.2
41   Facility mortality under 5 years rate                      %           13.5
42   HIV positive rate under 5 years                            %           47.4
43   Vitamin A coverage under 1 year (annualised)              %x12         62.1




                                                                       39
44   Vitamin A coverage 1-4 years (annualised)                %x12         17.2
45   Vitamin A coverage - new mothers                          %           96.0
46   Immunisation coverage under 1 year (annualised)          %x12         59.4
64   Female sterilisation rate                                per1K         0.1
66   Termination of Pregnancy under 12 weeks gestation rate    %
67   Termination of Pregnancy under 18 years rate              %
70   Antenatal visits before 20 weeks rate                     %           29.2
72   Antenatal visits per antenatal client rate                No           3.8
75   Delivery rate in facility to women under 18 years         %            8.6
76   Normal delivery rate in facility                          %           80.4
77   Caesarean section rate in facility                        %           14.4
78   Low birth weight rate in facility                         %            4.4
79   Still birth rate in facility                              %            2.9
80   Perinatal mortality rate in facility                     per1K        39.0
81   Neonatal mortality rate in facility                      per1K        15.9
83   Still birth to neonatal death ratio                       No           1.5
85   Still birth rate (BBA)                                    %            3.5




                                                                      40
 86   Perinatal mortality rate (BBA)                              %         3.5
 90   CD4 testing rate                                            %        10.6
 91   ART assessment referral rate                                %        16.5
 95   STI treated new episode among ART patients incidence        %        85.2
 99   STI partner notification rate                               %        73.3
101   STI partner treatment rate                                  %        23.1
      Proportion clients HIV pre-test counselled (excluding
103   antenatal)                                                  %         2.1
104   HIV testing rate (excluding antenatal)                      %        78.9
105   HIV prevalence among clients tested (excluding antenatal)   %        42.4
106   Proportion antenatal clients tested for HIV                 %        53.3
107   HIV prevalence among antenatal clients tested               %        25.7
108   Proportion antenatal clients tested for syphilis            %        99.7
109   Syphilis prevalence among antenatal clients tested          %         9.1




                                                                      41
110 Nevirapine uptake rate among pregnant women with HIV        %        81.7
121 Proportion of TB suspects smear positive                    %        24.4
122 Proportion treatment start among TB smear positive          %        78.3
    Proportion of new HIV pos clients started INH preventive
126 therapy                                                     %          0.5

    Proportion of new HIV pos clients started Co-Trimoxazole
127 prophylaxis                                                 %         22.5
195 Expenditure per patient day equivalent (PDE)               Rand   13,470.8
    Expenditure on maintenance as percentage of total
196 expenditure                                                 %         0.8
211 Usable bed utilisation rate - medicine                      %        65.7
213 Usable bed utilisation rate - surgery                       %        46.9
214 Average length of stay - surgery                           Days       3.4
215 Usable bed utilisation rate - maternity                     %        60.3
216 Average length of stay - maternity                         Days       2.9
219 Usable bed utilisation rate - Intensive care                %
220 Average length of stay - Intensive care                    Days




                                                                                 42
6.     ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
The local economy of Lephalale is examined to determine its structure and to identify potential areas that can be influenced to promote
the development of the local economy.

6.1.1. Overview of the Local Economy

The profile of the local economy was constructed from an assessment of the various sectors at an aggregate level.
This analysis concentrated on, inter alia, sectoral contributions, degree of concentration and diversification, trends and the
development potential of the sectors.

Graph 4.1.1 Structure of the local economy



                                LEPHALALE ECONOMY
                                                           3%   4%
                                                     14%          0%
                        Agriculture

                        Mining                  2%
                                               1%
                        Manufacturing
                                              4%
                        Electricity/Water    0%

                        Construction

                        Trade

                        Transport

                        Finance

                        Community Services
                                                                  72%




                                                                                                                            43
It is evident from the figure that the municipal economy is dominated by the electricity and water sector and specifically by power
generation, which is represented by the Matimba Power Station. This sector is responsible for 72.5% of the value of production
in the municipality, which reflects a low level of diversification and a high level of vulnerability. It means - that any cutbacks in electricity
generation or retrenchments at the power station will impact intensely on the local economy. Table 2.1 below provides estimates of the
growth per sector in the municipal economy from 1995 to 2000.




Table 6.1.1 Estimated GGP at market prices for Lephalale Municipality

  SECTOR                 1995            1996        1997                1998        1999        2000

  Agriculture            54750           56991       55186               51357       50181       51840
  Mining                 85344           86738       89091               102764      85432       70823
  Manufacturing          1719            2039        1975                2344        2441        2843
  Electricity/Water      988411          1046926     1115453             1168705     1269483     1333735
  Construction           4446            5566        6101                5018        5368        4517
  Trade                  34524           38167       45683               56809       64087       70884
  Transport              7769            13768       14776               19205       22345       24511
  Finance                24718           26763       28657               30698       32031       34324
  Community              144686          149840      159229              214021      235001      255219
  Services
  Total                  1346367         1426798 1516152                 1650920 1766369 1848695

          Source: Limpopo Province Development Information Database Pilot Project, 2002




                                                                                                                                  44
Several important trends can be deducted from this table. This Gross Geographic Product (GGP) data indicates that government
activities, such as education and health, represent the second largest sector in the municipal economy. This is followed by the trade
and mining sectors with almost equal contributions. Trade is largely a function of disposable income of residents as well as purchasing
power of tourists. This sector will therefore require increases in employment opportunities and in tourism to grow. Mining development
shows a negative growth trend, and this calls for serious consideration. It is expected that the existing expansion and the proposals
concerning the expansion of the local coal mine and the development of associated industries will reverse this negative trend. Agriculture
is the fourth biggest contributor to local production, but it also appears to be in decline.
The average compounded economic growth rate for the period 1995 to 2000 was 6.5%, which is below the inflation rate for the same period.
It implies that the municipal economy has declined in real terms over this period. The municipality's contribution to the Waterberg District
economy has declined from 22% in1995 to 17.3% in 2000. Its contribution to the provincial economy has declined from 6% in 1995 to 4.6%
in 2000.
The economic sectors are evaluated by means of an evaluation matrix, illustrated below. The purpose of this evaluation matrix is to identify
the economic sectors that provide the most development potential.




                                                                                                                            45
Table 6.1.2.: Evaluation matrix
 ECONOMIC EMPLOY-                COMPARA- ECONOMIC                 GGP              DIVERSIFIC
SECTORS         MENT             TIVE             GROWTH (%)       CONTRIBU-        ATION
                CREATION         ADVAN-                            TION (%)
                (%)              TAGE
Agriculture     18.02            0.6              -0.56            6.30             High
Mining          23.64            0.1              12.68            3.37             Low
Manufacturin 2.75                0.0              -10.04           0.13             High
g
Electricity     7.82             10.3             53.45            8.3              Low
Construction 4.36                0.4              6.94             1.13             Medium
Trade           4.57             0.1              -6.60            1.22             Medium
Transport       1.01             0.0              -12.76           0.14             Medium
Finance         2.85             0.1              -2.54            0.63             Low
Services        34.31            0.1              -2.54            3.28             Low
   Source: Urban Econ, 2002
The following points draw this section to conclusion:

      Local jobs are concentrated in community services, mining and agriculture;
      Services is the largest contributor towards job creation, its contribution to the gross geographic product is low;
      The largest contributor to the gross geographic product is electricity;

      The local economy is highly concentrated;

      The greatest diversification potential exists in the mining and agriculture sectors;




                                                                                                                            46
       The key local-economic sectors include agriculture, manufacturing, tourism and mining; and
       An authentic local economic database will be available at the LDC.


6.1.2   Analysis of Key Local Economic Sectors

This section examines the development potential of agriculture, mining, manufacturing, electricity and water, construction, trade, finance and r
and tourism sectors.




6.2 Mining
    Table 6.2.1: precious metals and diamonds per local municipality
     MUNICIPALITY             MINERAL NAME            LOCATION     DEPOSIT                    CORRIDOR STATUS
                                                                    STATUS
   Lephalale                 Diamond (Kimberlite) Swartwater   Large and small              50 km outside 50 km radius
                                                               scale
                                SOURCE: COUNCIL FOR GEO-SCIENCE




                                                                                                                         47
       Table 6.2. 2: ferrous and base metals per local municipality
         MUNICIPALITY             MINERAL NAME             LOCATION             DEPOSIT            CORRIDOR STATUS
                                                                                 STATUS
       Lephalale *2             Iron               Kauletsi                   Small scale        Within a 50 km radius
                                                   Tom Burke                  Small scale        Outside the 50 km radius
                               Copper              Kauletsi/                  Small scale        Within the 50 km radius
                                                   Glenover/Rosedale          Small scale        Outside the 50 km radius
                               Nickel              Doornfontein               Small scale
                             SOURCE: COUNCIL FOR GEOSCIENCE 2002


                            NOTES: *1 Municipalities within the Springbok Flats
                                    *2 Municipality within the Waterberg/Ellisras coal field


        Table 6.2.3: industrial minerals per local municipality

                       MINERAL NAME
   MUNICIPALITY LOCATION                                                     DEPOSIT              CORRIDOR STATUS
                                                                             STATUS
Lephalale *2              Refractory clay, Marble,        Onverwaght                           Outside the 50 km radius of
                          Phosphate,Topaz                                                      the East-West and Trans-
                          &Feldspar                                                            Limpopo
                      SOURCE: COUNCIL FOR GEOSCIENCE SAMINDABA (SOUTH AFRICAN MINERAL DEPOSIT DATABASE 2002)
                      NOTES: *1 Municipalities within the Springbok flats coal field
                             *2 Municipality within the Waterberg/Ellisras coal field




                                                                                                                             48
Table 6.2.4: mining projects along the east-west corridor

  PROJECT            ACTION          COST       INVESTMENT       ESTIMATED           DESCRIPTION           FARMS
   NAME                              R’000         R’000         NUMBER    OF
                                                                 JOBS
Grootgeluk       Mining             N/A         150 000          100                 Mining            of Enkelbult 462LQ,
Colliery Mine    operational                                                         additional reserves Grootegeluk 459LQ
(Exxaro)                                                                                                  and Daarby 458LQ.
                                                                                                          ISCOR also has
                                                                                                          mining rights on the
                                                                                                          farms Leewdrift
                                                                                                          312LQ, turfbult 463
                                                                                                          LQ and Hierontrent
                                                                                                          460LQ.
Coal             Plant              500         150 0000         300                 Establishment of a
Liquefying       operational                                                         plant    for     the
Project                                                                              production        of
                                                                                     carbon chemicals
                                                                                     from coal
Anglo                                                                                Glenover             The Oaks 153MR
American-                                                                            Phosphate Mine        Glenover 371LQ
Oaks Diamond
Mine
                                    Source: Update from Limpopo Province Spatial Rationale (2002)

The Waterberg coalfield has significant reserves (±50% of the Republic of South Africa‟s total reserve) and represents a major




                                                                                                                        49
development opportunity. A pilot project is being planned to examine the feasibility of the extraction of methane and other related activities.

Apart from the coal resources, this municipality does not have an adequate supply of different minerals. Mining activities are centred on the well-
resourced Waterberg Coalfields. A project to extract methane from this coalmine is currently being explored. There is also a smallscale presence of
minerals such as diamonds, iron, copper, nickel, refractory clay, marble, phosphate, topaz and feldspar.
  6.3 Tourism

Although tourism is not an economic sector in its own right, it is included in this analysis due to the potential that exists in this sector.
The analysis of tourism is an integral part of the section on environmental analysis.

The projected tourism growth in the Lephalale area should be considered when planning any significant development. The importance
of the tourism industry to the economy of the area is likely to continue to grow into the future. This is likely to be related to the hunting
and ecotourism industries, but could also be linked to any expansion of the industrial operations and the related business tourism. The
existing importance of the business tourism sector, and its strong links to the mine and power station are also viewed as important.

The Lephalale area has been described from a tourism perspective by Lorimer and Associates (2002). The main groupings of tourism
attraction areas are listed below:

      A sporting centre (Lephalale town)
      An events venue (Lephalale town)
      Game watching
       ☼D‟Nyala Nature Reserve
       ☼Ferroland Private Game Reserve
       ☼Mokolo Nature reserve and adjoining areas
       ☼Lapalala Wilderness and adjoining areas
       ☼Marakele National Park, Welgevonden Game Reserve and adjoining areas
       ☼Wonderkop Reserve and adjoining areas




                                                                                                                                   50
The challenge faced by the tourism industry in the area is to increase leisure tourism/ecotourism visitors in the summer seasons. This
would primarily relate to ecotourism rather than hunting. The various marketing strategies done by the Municipality reflect this as a
primary objective. There is also potential to increase tourism in the area through tours to the power station(s) and/or the mine.



Table 6.3.1 Tourism Projects identified:
                  PROJECT NAME                              CAPITAL REQUIRED               ESTIMATED JOBS
Commercialisation of D‟Nyala Nature Reserve                        R3m                            40
Mokolo Nature Reserve                                              R5m                            50
Melkbosch Reserve                                                 R9,9m                          190
Cultural Village                                                  R1,5m                           10
Lephalale Tourist Centre                                          R1,5m                            2


Table 6.3.2: Tourism facilities in local municipalities in the Lephalale Municipal area
                         NATURE
HOLIDA                   / GAME                                                           ART                 TOTAL
                                                                                                 CONFEREN
Y           HOLIDA       RESERV      GUEST       GUEST      HOTEL      CAMPI     FISHIN    &                  NUMB
                                                                                                 CE
RESORT      Y FLATS        ES&       FARMS      HOUSES      S          NG        G        CRAF                ER OF
                                                                                                 CENTRES
S                         GAME                                                             T                  BEDS
                         LODGES

6              ---      23          43         17              01      5         7         ---       ---        508

                              SOURCE: GREAT NORTH TOURISM GUIDE




                                                                                                                       51
 Note: Game reserves and farms include hunting camps.

Waterberg Biosphere

Biosphere reserves are protected terrestrial and coastal environments of international conservation importance.

        They are unique categories of protected areas combining both conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
        Biosphere reserves can be seen as building blocks for bio-regional planning and economic development.
        Biosphere reserves are community driven programmes assisted by government agencies.

Each biosphere is intended to fulfill three basic functions, which are complementary and mutually reinforcing. Those are:

        A conservation function in terms of biodiversity including landscapes, eco-systems, species and game.
        A logistical function to foster support for research.
        A development function to foster economic and human development.

 The biggest part of the Waterberg Biosphere is located within Lephalale. The entire biosphere amounts to 15 000 square kilometers.
 The Waterberg Biosphere reserve received its international status in March 2001 and now forms part of the World network of
 biospherereserves, registered with UNESCO. The Waterberg Biosphere reserve is the first “savannah” biosphere reserve registered in
 Southern Africa.
 Its unique biodiversity features and cultural aspects make this area a special place to visit. The central vision for the Waterberg
 Biosphere Reserve is to maximize this unique area’s considerable potential for conservation, sustainable development and social
 upliftment. In broad terms this will entail developing the area as a premier tourist destination, building a conservation and
 sustainable-use ethic, which can then be effectively monitored, actively spreading benefits and opportunities to poorer members of the
 community, and facilitating relevant research, education and skills training in the area.




                                                                                                                            52
53
The zonation of the Waterberg Biosphere is as follows:

      Core area(s): have secured loyal protection and only activities, which do not adversely affect natural processes and wildlife, are
       allowed.
    Buffer zones: adjoin or surround the core area, and activities are managed to help protect the core.
    Transition zones: is the outer most part, which typically surrounds the core and buffer zones these areas are also known as
       “zones of co-operation”, where land use, such as farms and urban areas are found.
The Waterberg Biosphere in essence is to enhance the development of the eco-tourism industry. Tourism, besides mining and
agriculture are the main economic sectors within Lephalale as well as the Limpopo Province. The further development of game
farms/eco-tourism facilities is therefore of vital importance within the Biosphere concept.

6.3.1 Summary

A comprehensive Tourism Plan for the Lephalale area has been adopted by the Council during November 2003. The tourism study
consisted of 4 phases, namely:
Phase 1:      Orientation setting the scene
Phase 2:      A general study of existing operations and an outline of certain possible growth points.
Phase 3:      Responsibilities of local government with regard to development requirements, funding sources etcetera.
Phase 4:      Actual Lephalale Tourism Plan with recommendations.

In brief, the Lephalale Tourism Plan stands on three main pillars, namely:

    1.      The development of a tourist information centre and market in Lephalale town and a community cultural village along the
            R572 at Ga-Seleka.
    2.      The consolidation of land around the three Provincial Reserves, D’Nyala, Wonderkop and Mokolo.
    3.      The further development of Ferroland Estates adjacent to the Grootegeluk Mine as well as other big conservancy areas in
            order to provide Big 5 experiences.




                                                                                                                          54
The economic sectors are evaluated by means of an evaluation matrix, illustrated below. The purpose of this evaluation matrix is to
identify the economic sectors that provide the most development potential.

Table 6.3.4 : Evaluation matrix
  ECONOMIC            EMPLOY-MENT           COMPARA-TIVE ECONOMIC                    GGP      CONTRIBU- DIVERSIFICATI
  SECTORS             CREATION (%)          ADVAN-TAGE       GROWTH (%)              TION (%)           ON
  Agriculture         18.02                 0.6              -0.56                   6.30               High
  Mining              23.64                 0.1              12.68                   3.37               Low
  Manufacturing       2.75                  0.0              -10.04                  0.13               High
  Electricity         7.82                  10.3             53.45                   8.3                Low
  Construction        4.36                  0.4              6.94                    1.13               Medium
  Trade               4.57                  0.1              -6.60                   1.22               Medium
  Transport           1.01                  0.0              -12.76                  0.14               Medium
  Finance             2.85                  0.1              -2.54                   0.63               Low
  Services            34.31                 0.1              -2.54                   3.28               Low
                                            Source: Urban Econ, 2002

The following points draw this section to conclusion:

             Local jobs are concentrated in community services, mining and agriculture;




                                                                                                                     55
             Services is the largest contributor towards job creation, its contribution to the gross geographic product is low;
             The largest contributor to the gross geographic product is electricity;

             The local economy is highly concentrated;

             There is a negative local economic growth trend;
             The greatest diversification potential exists in the mining and agriculture sectors;
             The key local-economic sectors include agriculture, manufacturing, tourism and mining; and
             An authentic local economic database will be available at the LDC.


6.4. Economic Development: Community Perspective

The different communities in Lephalale Municipality identified several economic issues. These issues, organized to according wards,
are presented in
table 6.5.1 below,

Table 6.5.1: Community's economic development issues
  Ward Issue
  1       Primaryschool,Businesssite,Electricity in x2,Library,Maintenance of sport &recreation facilities,RDPhouses,
          construction of streets in x2,removal of garden refuse,employment,formalization of businesses,land for
          projects,Street names in x3,Skills training for financial management,Revival of collapsed projects
  2       Maintenance of current infrastructure,provision of infrastructure for new development,accommodation for
          technical school students




                                                                                                                             56
3   Affordable housing,maintenance of current infrastructure,provision of infrastructure for new
    development,sanitation for people in plots ,Land for low income housing,Affordable transport
    service,Affordable education,Street lights extended to the T junction on Marken road,Empolyment,Public
    sport and recreational facilities,Community service(child care facilities)
4   Satellite police station; Shop complex; Stalls for hawkers; Pensioner‟s pay point; Satellite labour office,
    Pre-school and clinic,RDP houses,primary school to new development area,cemetery,cell phone network
    tower,sustainable job creating project
5   Sustainable jobcreatingprject,Additional class rooms @radinong,Fence&poles for grazing land and
    ploughing fields,community hall,electricity extension to new stands,maintenance of roads &internal access
    roads,pre-school,skills development centre,pedestrian overhead bridge on D3110,side walk,market
    stalls,additional mass lights,shopping complex,bank services,storm water control,water extension,land fill
    site,human settlement expansion plan,RDP houses,revival of collapsed projects,mobile health care
    service,sanitation,taxi rank,
6   Sustainable employment projects, Water extension to new stands, Sanitation, RDP Houses, improved
    turnaround time @clinic, Land,fence&poles for grazing and plough fields,taxi rank,site for bus depot,bank
    services,speedy processing of child care grant,disaster management structure,maintenance of internal
    access roads,land fill site,fencing for cetery
7   Sustainable employment projects,Sanitation,RDP houses,primary school on the northeastern site of
    village,community hall,Mobile clinic,public library,additional mass lghts,fence &poles for grazing land
    &communal plough fields,skills development centre,road signs,boundary fence on road D3110,Additional
    water reservoir & extension of stand pipes,land fill site,maintenance of internal access roads,bank service
    ATM,




                                                                                                                  57
8    Shopping complex, Primary school, Land, Stalls for hawkers,MPCC,community hall,road signs,,pedestrian
     overhead bridge on road D3110,side walk,additional water reservoir,fencing and poles for grazing land
     &plough fields,animal feed,community crop farming scheme,reliable public transport service during the
     day,land fill site,sustainable job creating projects,RDP houses,water extension to new stands,TV coverage
     is poor,improved turnaround time @clinic,sport and recreation centre,sanitation,skills development
     centre,additional mass lights,bank services,regular maintenance of internal acces roads,repair of primary
     school floor,speed humps in tshetlong,satelite police station,additional classes at primary school,storm
     water control in access roads
9    Building of high school,sanitation,RDP houses,fence and poles for grazing land and plough fields,additional
     water reservoir,regular maintenance of gravel roads,mobile clinic,erection of motor gate into village
     enterance,livestock pens,community hall,improved cell phone network coverage,sustainable job creating
     projects,land fill site,Additional mass lights,extension of stand pipes,building of old age support centre,pre-
     school building,electricity extension to new stands,renovation of class rooms @ primary school,additional
     grazing land and animal feed,poaching in communal grazing land,improved communication
10   Sustainable employment projects.RDP houses, Sanitation, Primary&secondary school,Land fill site,Fence
     and poles for grazing land,Reliable public transport,Road &internal acces roads maintenance,Electricity
     extension, Water purification& extension,Community hall,Clinic,Drinking water for livestock, Land,Pre-
     school,Additional mass lights,Library for high school,Settlement growth plan,Additional classes at high
     school,Boundary fence along D3110 road,Revival of collapsing projects,Digging of graves, Skills
     development centre,re-allocation of RDP houses,fencing for current cemetery &allocation of new one,land
     for business site,park for children,maintenance of sceptic tank toilets,training soccer field @ Thabo Mbeki,
     swimming pool,land fill site,busstop shelter,land care,approval for new erven for settlement growth,park
     and equipment for children,clinic




                                                                                                                       58
  11       Land, Sustainable employment projects, Water extension,Mass lights,Busstop shelter,Maintenance of
           gravel &acces roads,Road signs, Fencing &poles for grazing land,Land fill site,Sanitation,Community
           hall,Clinic,Cattle feed,Storm water control,, RDP Houses, Pre- School,Highschool,Human settlement
           growth plan,Drinking troughs for livestock,funding for crop farming scheme project,revival of non-functional
           projects
  12       Building of pre & primary school,Pedestrian overhead bridge on D3310,Site walks,RDP houses,Taxi
           rank,Market stalls,Land fill site,Maintenance of gravel &access roads,Shopping centre,Bank service,Storm
           water control,Additional mass lights,Skills development centre,Community hall@sefitlhogo,Sustainable job
           creating project,Clinic @sefitlhogo,Orphanage support centre,Land,Fence &poles for grazing
           land,settlement growth plan,sanitation @ primary and high school


These direct economic issues were selected from a list consisting of social and economic issues, most of these issues being social. The prominent
economic issues that were raised comprised sustainable employment projects and job creation.


6.6 AGRICULTURE

Table 6.6.1 : LEPHALALE PRODUCTION STATISTICS, 2005

                                                         ale
                                                         Lephal
                                                                                     Estimated Estimated
                                                                   Total             Production Revenue
Cash & Field Crops:                      unit                      Area      Units     (2005)    R '000
                         Cotton                 ha           500     5,800     ton         7,089 15,597
                         Sunflower              ha         1,400    35,000     ton        36,750 63,541
                         Maize                  ha         3,000    22,165     ton        73,809 44,286
                         Wheat                  ha         1,600    12,000     ton        36,600 58,340




                                                                                                                                 59
                Sorghum          ha            0     14,200      ton        36,636    32,972
                Soya Beans       ha            0      4,500      ton         9,900    15,246
                Groundnuts       ha            0      1,450      ton         2,335     6,702
                Lucerne          ha          200        600      ton         8,730    10,913
                Paprika          ha          100        300      ton         1,200    12,000
                Tobacco          ha          640      2,480       kg     6,629,040   107,722
                Potatoes         ha          750      1,699   10kg       4,473,000    64,859
                Watermelons      ha          500      1,700 melons       3,750,000    18,750
Horticulture:                                              0
                Grapes           ha            56       316  4.5kg       1,423,305    64,049
                Citrus           ha           180     1,430       mt        50,050   125,125
                Peaches          ha             0       301       mt         9,040    21,695
                Plums            ha             0        80       mt         2,000     8,998
                Vegetables       ha         1,975     5,180       mt       233,100
Livestock:                                           Total
                Eggs          layers       80,000   330,000    doz.      8,030,000    38,143
                Chickens       doc/week         0   300,000   DoC        9,360,000    23,400
                Broilers      birds/week    5,000   150,000      ton    11,934,000   113,373
                Pork             sows       1,000     8,800      ton        12,320    14,168
                Dairy            l/day      1,000     9,600     litre    3,504,000     7,183
                Cattle           head               482,400  head          121,806   267,973
                Game                          565     1,328       ha    1,325,850    400,000
                Crocodile                     300     2,400                           96,000
Employment                                  9,368    33,157




                                                                                               60
Lephalale   The temperature in     Rainfall   is   Mainly hutton      -Mixed              10-12     ha/   -Ground    -Citrus   -Potatoes    Cattle: Zebu
            summer            is   between 280-    form and the       bushveld       in   large   stock   nut        -Table    -Tomatoes    type
            between 20-39 c       400mm p/a.      clay               the South.          unit.           -Wheat     grapes    -Cabbage     Afrikaner,
            and between 3-                         percentage         -Sweet                              -Cotton    -         -Carrots     Brahman,
            26c in winter.                        varies between     bushveld       in                   -Tobacco   Peach     -Onions      Nguni,
            Frost         occurs                   6-14%.      The    the       central                   -Paprika   es        -Curcubits   Senglen,
            sporadically    and                    clay soils occur   area.                               -                    (the         Tuli,
            the      area     is                   in lesser scale    -Barten sweet                       Sorghum              pumpkin      Bonsmara
            classified as sub-                     along        the   Bushveld       in                   -Millet              type)        and
            tropic.                                Limpopo            the     Limpopo                     -Lucerne                          Drakensberg
                                                   valley.     The    valley.                             -                                 er.
                                                   effective depth                                        Jugebea                           Sheep:
                                                   is 1200 mm.                                            ns                                Dorper,
                                                                                                          -                                 Damara, Van
                                                                                                          Cowpeas                           Rooyen.
                                                                                                          -                                 Goats: Boer
                                                                                                          Chinabe                           goats.
                                                                                                          ans                               Piggery;
                                                                                                          -                                 Large white,
                                                                                                          Sunflowe                          Minnesota
                                                                                                          r                                 and Landras.
                                                                                                                                            Poultry: New
                                                                                                                                            Hemisphere,
                                                                                                                                            White
                                                                                                                                            leghorns,
                                                                                                                                            Autrolops,
                                                                                                                                            Potchefstroo
                                                                                                                                            m     Kokoes,
                                                                                                                                            Black
                                                                                                                                            leghorns




                                                                                                                                            61
Lephalale
Lephalale is the largest municipality in the district and accounts for 39% of the district. The area contributes to 26% of the district GGP
while in the area, the agricultural sector makes up 30% of the local economy. This is a large area with a lot of potential. The
Waterberg Biosphere plays a major role in the area and with extensive livestock and hunting, there is identified scope in the eco-
tourism industry. There are a number of envisaged LED projects. Of these there are number linked to agriculture:
             1.     Land restitution project;
             2.     Tourism project; and
             3.     Agricultural programme
             Within these projects and programmes there are a number of Limpopo Department of Agriculture, LRAD, and community
             projects. Those identified include:
             i.     De-bushing project at Shongoane;
             ii.    Commercialisation of D’Nyala;
             iii.   Marula project at Steenbokpan;
             iv.    Marapong Paprika project at Marapong;
             v.     Rooigrond commonage at Refilwe (cattle and goats); and
             vi.    Seed nursery at Madibaneng
             vii.   Godisa project




                                                                                                                                  62
7. ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS


This section addresses issues relating to ecology, pollution, environmentally sensitive areas and environmental issues that were raised by the community.

7.1..1 Topography

Figure 7.1 Below shows the Topography map of Waterberg District Municipality With Lephalale Municipality
           covered within the district context




                                                                                                                                              63
7.1.2 GEOLOGY

  The area is unique due to its geological formulation (predominantly sandstone). The Lephalale Municipal area has a fairly complex geology with a relative degree
  of minerals. The most important intrusive rock formation is the Bushveld Ingenious complex that holds large reserves of platinum (Environmental Potential Atlas
  for South Africa, 1997). The minerals are found in the clusters in varying form of concentrations within the local municipality. The occurrence of minerals has the
  ripple effect of human interference in the natural environment and before the new legislation no or little consideration was given to environmental risks (e.g.
  asbestos) and rehabilitation of the environment.




                                                                                                                                                    64
7.1.3 Industrial Pollution

The pollution in the area is possibly caused by the following activities:

             Pollution from Matimba Power Station;
             Fly ash from the farm Zwartwater; and
          
              Exxaro pollution due to the burning of waste dumps.

Grootegeluk Coal Mine, Lephalale Municipality and Matimba Power Station have established pollution management programmes.
However, the extent to which these programmes are effectively the negative effects of pollution in the area is unknown. Lephalale
Environmental Management committee meets regularly and share information with intention for effective control and monitoring of
pollution. Farmers around the mine and power station vicinity are complaining about rusting of their fences and suspect that this may
be as a result of pollution from the mine or power station.

7.1.4 Environmentally Sensitive Areas


The D'Nyala Nature Reserve, Mokolo Dam Nature Reserve and Mogol River are the three main environmentally sensitive areas in the
Municipality. These areas also represent the major attractions in the Municipality. The D'Nyala Nature Reserve is located south east of
Lephalale town. It comprises of approximately 8 400 ha. It has overnight accommodation consisting of 11 wooden chalets that can
accommodate approximately 40 people. Conference facilities are available for this purpose. The Nature Reserve is open for day
visitors and offers a 36km tourism trail.




                                                                                                                        65
The Mokolo Dam Nature Reserve is situated ±50km south of Lephalale town, on the eastern side of the Mokolo Dam. The reserve is approximately
4 750 ha in size. The water surface comprises 914 ha of the total area. A portion of the dam has been earmarked as Wilderness area where the public
is not allowed. The remainder of the dam is utilised mainly for angling.

Swimming is not allowed due to the presence of crocodiles. The dam is administered from the offices at the D'Nyala Nature Reserve
on a rotational basis. There are more than 100 camping sites at the Mokolo Dam Nature Reserve with ablution facilities. Both these
nature reserves have been earmarked for privatisation. Affecting the Mogol River are pollution, reed invasion and plant invaders.


7.1.5 Community Identified Environmental Issues

The main issue identified by the communities with regards to the environment, is that the two nature reserves, namely D'Nyala and
Mokolo Dam Nature Reserves, should be restructured in a way that creates employment and facilitates tourism development in the
area. The game/cattle farm at Senoela needs to be resuscitated, as it has the potential to create jobs for the community. In 2004 the
Department of Land Affairs have made available the farm Rooigoud close to Seleka for farming purposes. The farm is currently used
for cattle farming by surrounding villages where beneficiaries were selected.




                                                                                                                                   66
7.1.6 Summary

The highlights of the preceding discussion are as follows:

             The Lephalale Municipality consists of environmentally sensitive areas, natural vegetation, water resources and biological
               diversity;
             The threats to environmental sustainability are pollution, reed invasion, invader plants and poor waste management;
             ;saero loraLmcotana ctcnmoLamcoanom cokakafoakcaL
             Integrated environmental management system for the whole Municipal area to be aligned with Waterberg District
              Municipality environmental plan;
             There are few private sector environmental management systems that are project specific; Mechanisms to disseminate
              information of environmental issues are in place; and
             There is an annual environmental awareness and education programme by Eskom, Grootegeluk mine and the
              Municipality directed at schools within the whole municipal area.




                                                                                                                         67
8.   SPATIAL ANALYSIS


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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  S                                                                                                                                                       N C 11/3 5B
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Kwaring                N C 11/3 2B                                                                                              #
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Silwermyn                                           N C 12/3 6A                                                                                                              #
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Limpopo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Schoongezicht

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Witpoort LC H ousing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Enterprise             Kitty        Melinda                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Breda                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      S                                             Un dulatin g Middle veld
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Mokurwanyane                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ga-Manaka
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    S                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       S                     #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             S            #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          S                                         Moun tain Slope s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Rooipoort                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Duren                                     Gle n Al pi ne (Mogalak w ena) RW S                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Plato & M ountainous Reg ion Z on es
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Polen                                           Kgokonyane                    Ga-Masekwa             Setlaole
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Washersvlei
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Mokerong 1                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Nkwe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Mokudung
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Rural Urban Zo ne s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Monte Christo                                                      Ga-Rawesi   Murasie             Nonono                       Rotlokwa
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Olifantsdrift               Lamplaas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Mogalakwena
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          N B1/N W 10 0                                                                                                                                                                                                                          N C 12/1 05                                                                        Ga-Letswalo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Uitkyk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                S                                                                                                                                                      #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       S                                                                            Form al U rban Z one s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Martinique




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     BR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Mahlwareng                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            S                                                                                                                                                  #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           NC12




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         AK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Neckar                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Rebone                 Ga-Rametlwana
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     NB1                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Lekiting                     N C 12/2 1A




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          SP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Ga-Maeteletsa                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Mulheim                                           N C 12/2 2 Aurora                                                                                                                                                                                                 #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Ga-Taueatswata                                          N C 12/1 06




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Ga-Mankgodi




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              U IT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Abbottspoort
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Mogalakwena 2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   LE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Galakwin                                                                                          Mesehleng 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      P    HA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Wisconsin




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       DC35
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Bangalong                                                                                                                                                                                                         Setuphulane
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                LA                                                                                                                                                                     Ga-Hlako                                                                              Mmakala
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     LA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Mesehleng 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Uitzicht                              Sodoma                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      N W 1 16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     N C 12/1 07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    MATL ALA NE                                                 N W 1 /1 03
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ga-Mathapo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Rozenkranz

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Pinkie                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10              0                10                      20                        30 Kilometers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Ga-Tshokwe                                                                                                                    Ngwanallela                                                                                                                                                                       #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Ntsintsing                                                                                                                                                                                                                            S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Ga-Monyeki                                                                                                                                       Ga-Musi                                                                                                                                          Bavaria        Ga-Ramela                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               MACHAKA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Mamehlabe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Mathlati                                                                                                                                                                            Ga-Nkidikitlana                                        Waterval
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Setateng                                                                                                                                                                            Mongatane
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          WE NA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  N W 1 /1 08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           K LEIN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  M OG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       OLA K                                                             N W 1 /1 04                 N W 1 /1 02          Thlogoyanku                                         Ga-Mokobodi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  NP352                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              M olem ole
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     S#     #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            S                          #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       S                                                                               Scale 1:450 000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Marken
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Ga-Monare                                Segole 1                                                                                                   Lekhureng                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             NP353
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Sepobe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            N
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Vianen                                                                                                                                          Seirappes                                                                  Ga-Lepadima
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        S                                                                                                 Ga-Rapadi                      Nong                                                                                                                                                 Ga-Tshipana
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Aganang
     Thabazimbi Blown Up Map
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Segole 2                                                                                                                       Schoongelegen




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   H OU T R IVIE R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Senita                                                                                                                                           Weltevreden                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ga-Mathekga                                                Mosira
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Ga-Dukakgomo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Mosuka                                                                                                                           Ga-Phaka
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        MASEBE                                                                                                                                              Goedgevonden
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Maropong                                                                                                                    Ga-Lebelo                        Rebone NW1                                                                                                Tibana
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Da arby
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Æ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Q                                                                                                                                                          Moetagare
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              PHALALA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Hwibi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Lee wd rif t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Enke lb ult                                 Lephalale                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Masebe Lo dge                                                                                      Mphelelo            N W 1 /1 01
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Gro otg elu k                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Magagamatala                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Bakone-Ma namela RW S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Locality Maps
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Tu rf bu lt                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Buffelhoek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Diretsaneng
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hiero mtre nt                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         NP367                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Boratapelo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          R




                                                                                                                Pb
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Ga-Tshba                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       R IVIE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        M ogalakw ena                                                                                                                                    Ga-Malope
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Kgopeng            N W 2 /1 13                                                               Ntlolane 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  R IV
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         IE R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          #




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 R
                                                                                                          #
                                                                                                          S         #
                                                                                                                    S                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     D IEP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 O PO




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                IE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Lenkwane                                               Diphitshi                                                                 Ntlolane 2               Ntlolane 3                                                                                                                                                                                              #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            RI V
                                                                                                          #
                                                                                                          S                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                D NYALA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Ga-Monene                                         Matebeleng     N W 2 /1 09                                                       Semaneng

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Limpopo Province Locality Map
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               L IMP




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           UD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Vlakfontein 2

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  DC36




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 NC9                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  IV IE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Æ D'Nyala Centre
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Q




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       GO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ga-Mokwena
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         NP362                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Bakenberg                      Ga-Molekwa




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                PR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Vlakfontein                                                             Dibeng                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BAKONE                                                       Ho utrivier D am




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           K LI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Ga-Malapila                                            Vlakfontein B
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Le phalale                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      NW2                              Thutlane


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Waterberg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  MOEPELPLASE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           UIT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Phofu           Phetole       Madietane

                       NP361
                                                                                                      #
                                                                                                      S                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   N W 2 /1 12




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       PR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           TOUCH STONE                                                                                                                                         Ga-Ralenkwane                                              Goedehoop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            LIMPOPO




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   TS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Dinakane                               Ga-Masipa                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               R IE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Kgopung
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              LAPALALA                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      S

              Thabazimbi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Sesh eg oda m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Marulaneng 1                                                     Malokong
                                                                                                                    Doornhoek                                                                                                                                               MATLABAS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Pudiyakgopa                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  S        #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           S
                                                                               Ros seauspoor t                                                                Klipgat                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Kabeana                                                                                                                                                                   Masha shane RW S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Mabuladihlare 2                                                                                Ga-Mabusela




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               P
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Mg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Bakenberg




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              O
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Nkgori
                                                                                                 #        #                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            TURFLOOP




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           O
                                                                                                 S        S                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Ga-Mosidi




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         SL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ga-Rammu             Mapela RW S                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             GAUTENG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Mabuladihlare 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             #                                                                                                     Ga-Mangou                       Manyapye




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Kaditshwene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  NORTH WEST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Ga-Rantlakane




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     O
                                                                                                      Ros seauspoor t                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Ê
                                                                      KR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ga-Maloka                                                                        Mohlonong
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             NW3                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             MPUMALANGA




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  YD
                                                                                                          #         #                                     #                  #                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 M     Sepharane                                                                                           Glen R oy              Utjane
                                                                                                          S         S             Th a b a zim b i        S                  S                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         #                                                                                                        #
                                                                       O




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Makengkeng




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       S                                                                                                        S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Mg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                O




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    TA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ga-Mashashane




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ST
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  G
                                                                           K




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Leyden#                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               #                                                                                                                                                            #

                                                                                                 Fe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                S                   AL                      Mabusela Oversel Ga-Malebana Sekuruwe 1                                                                                                                                                                                                             S                                                                                                                                                            S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     MB
                                                                               O




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                MO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Phatsane
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Ni
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      KO LO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            A                                                                                                      Ngope
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         K W Ramorulana
                                                                               D




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Mesopotania




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         O TI
                                                                                                                                                                                         #
                                                                                                                                                                                         S                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Riet fon te in D am
                                                                                   IL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Makekeng                                         EN           MasogeKwakwalata                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           S
                                                               Donker poort                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    M AT




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           E RI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Sebora
                                                                                      R




                                                              #                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                A                              Ga-Tshaba                                                               Morwasethula
                                                              S                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       LA BA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  PIETERSBURG
                                                                                     IV




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Ga-Mabuela              Mapela
                                                                                                                                             Kwaggashoek




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                V IE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              SR                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Ga-Motlana               #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    S                                  S#                                                                                        Segoahleng                                                                                                                                                            #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       S                                   #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           S                                                                                          #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      S                      #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Mmahlogo                Swa rtfo nte in
                                                                                          IE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   IV I ER                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ha ns S trijd om da m                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Mmamatlakala
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               S                       S#                                                           Skimming Ga-Molekana                                                                                                                                                                                                                             #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Polokw ane
                                                                                           R




                                                      #
                                                      S                                   #
                                                                                          S      #
                                                                                                 S                                     W achteenbietjesdraa
                                                                                                                                             #
                                                                                                                                             S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Magope
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Parekisi                          Ni
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ga-Matlapa                                                                                                                                        Ê
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        #                                                             #                                                                                                                                                           #                                           #               #                          #                          NP354                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        KWAZULU NATAL




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         M OK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hans S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                HANS STRIJDOM                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   N W 2 /1 11                            S                                             Lelaka                                             WITVINGER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  S                                           S       KUSCHKE S                          S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                MOGOL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                San dsloo t lko p Da m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Vaa
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             FREE STATE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Sn                                                                  Pila




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            OLO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  PO ER                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     # #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              NORTHERN CAPE




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        T
                                                      #
                                                      S
                                                  Portion 3 Gr ootfont                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    SE LO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Matlou     Seema           S S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       O
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Tweefontein




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     LO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               IE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    R                                                                                                                           O    P                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                S                Gro en fon tein                          Masenya S  #                                                     PERCY FYFE                                                                                                                    #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         S                                                                                                                                                                                                        #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                DA
                                                                  #
                                                                  S        #
                                                                           S                          #
                                                                                                      S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  IS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          IV                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Masahleng                  Ga-Mokaba




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 O
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     SR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  M
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Danisane                                                                                                                                                                                                             KUSCHKE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Ni
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     DC35




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               RO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              S                                                                                                 IE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Za aipla at           #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       S                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           AN                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Ro ode po ort                         Mabusela
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     M                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Magongoa




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 S TE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   AL                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Tshamahansi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               M                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             S#                         Ga-Mmalepeteke                    S#                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Ls
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Capricorn
                                                                                                          Haakdoorndrift                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        #                                                                          #




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                S                                                                          S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     KR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              OL                                                                                                                           Ga-Letwaba
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Au




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       IV
                                                                                                      # #
                                                                                                      S S           #
                                                                                                                    S                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    AM                                                                                                                                                  Ga-Kgubudi            #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   S




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           IE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    OK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Sn                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           WOLKBERG CAVES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Ro ode po ort
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ASL AAGT




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             R
                                                                                                 #
                                                                                                 S    #
                                                                                                      S                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         M

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      AuÊ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Salom o n's                                               Macalacaskop          Madiba 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        S                                                                                                                                                          #
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