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Sarvya_Siksha_Abhiyan

VIEWS: 15 PAGES: 30

									A Programme for Universalization of
      Elementary Education
                Mission Statement
•   Empowering of children to be active participants in a
    knowledge society.
•   A result-oriented approach with accountability towards
    performance and output at all levels.
•   A people-centred mode of Implementation of educational
    interventions with involvement of all stakeholders,
    especially teachers, parents, community and Panchayati
    Raj institutions and voluntary organisations.
•   An equity-based approach that focuses on the needs of
    educationally backward areas and disadvantaged social
    groups including children with special needs.
•   A holistic effort to ensure convergence of investments
    and initiatives for improving the efficiency of the
    elementary education system.
•   Institutional reforms and capacity building to ensure a
    sustained effort for UEE.
                SSA GOALS
• All children in school, Education Guarantee
  Centre, Alternate School, ‘Back-to-School’ camp
  by 2005
• Bridging gender and social gaps in:
     Primary          :     2007
     Elementary             :      2010
•   Universal retention by 2010
• Focus on satisfactory quality with emphasis on
  education for life
                   SSA NATIONAL MISSION

                         PRIME MINISTER
                         Governing Council
HRM, FM, Dy.                                      6 Teacher Union reps.
Chairman                                          5
Planning Commission                               Educationists/Scientis
3 Ministers of State                              ts
3 MPs                  Minister for               6 NGO reps.
6 Political Parties‟   Human Resource             3 Women‟s Org. Reps
Reps.                  Development                3 Institutional
6 Edu. Ministers of    Executive Committee        Members working for
State Govts.                                      SC & ST
                       SECRETARY SE & L           Reps of National
                       Project Approval Board     Resource Insts
NCERT                                             Ex-officio members
NUEPA
NCTE                                              Monitoring Institutions
IGNOU                  Joint Secretary & DG SSA   Joint Review Missions
TSG(Ed.CIL)            Department of SE & L       Educational & Prog.
                                                  MIS
         Goal 1: All children in School
           What does SSA Provide

   Providing basic facilities in each school
     Primary schools within 1 k.m. radius and a n upper
      primary school in the ratio of 2: 1 PS:UPS
     Education Guarantee Scheme and Alternative
      Innovative Education centres as alternative schools.
     Additional classrooms – a room for every teacher
      with minimum of 2 teachers at Primary and 3
      teachers at Upper primary level
     Toilets/drinking water/child friendly elements.
     Additional teachers to get pupil teacher ratio of
      40:1.
 Goal – I : All Children in School / EGS / AIE
                    by 2005
Gross Enrolment Ratios
                                       pry
  105                        103.77
                                              GER at primary stage is
                                               103.7
  100
                    97.82
                                              GER at upper primary
                                               stage is 64.
   95
                                              Lowest GER are in Bihar,
          89.83                                Punjab, Haryana, Goa
   90
                                               and A&N Islands

   85                                         Huge         enrolment
                                               Increase in Chattisgarh,
   80
                                               Jharkhand,   Rajasthan,
         2003-04   2004-05   2005-06           Madhya Pradesh.
        GER at Primary Level
                                                       Goal – I contd…/-
                     Out of School Children
  In lakhs                                   The number of out of
                                              school children is 76
350   320                                     lakh (2007).
300
                                             3.8% OoSC – “hardest to
             249
250                                           reach”    category   of
                                              children.
200
                                             60% OoSC are in Bihar,
150                      135
                   116                        West Bengal and Uttar
100                            70    75       Pradesh.
50                                           No. of districts>50,000
                                              OOSC – 36.
 0
      2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006-    Plan to cover 11 lakh
       02    03    04    05    06    07       through EGS and 48 lakh
                                              through AIE this year.
                             Goal – I : All Children in School /
 Infrastructure              EGS / AIE by 2005
                  Targets    Access at Primary Stage
                   up to
                  2006-07    Access less (no school within 1 1,60,528
                     (in     km.) habitations as per 7th AIES
Item               lakh)     Primary schools provided till      2,04,200
 New Schools       2.40          2007-08 under SSA and
   opened                        DPEP
   Teachers        10.03     Number of EGS centres functional by the
   appointed                 end of 2007-08 is 57,000
 Drinking Water     1.7      Access at Upper Primary Stage
       Toilets     2.35     Access less (no school within 3      1,69,492
                            km.) habitations as per 7th AIES
 Construction
                            Upper Primary Schools provided        124300
                               till 2007-08 under SSA
School building    1.83
                            PS to UPS at the National level is 2.6:1
  Additional
 Classrooms        6.92     States Advised to map requirements of UPS
                            as per distance and population norms
Thrust in 11th Plan
Identify and mainstream „hard to reach‟ children

•Focus on bridge courses / programmes.

•Address residual access

•Fill infrastructure gaps –

   priorities upper primary schools

   6.37 lakh additional classrooms for SCR
  1:40
Goal 2: Bridging Gender and Social Category Gaps
Programme       for participation of girls
     Free Text Books
     National Programme on Education of Girls at Elementary
      level started in 3291 educationally backward blocks.
     Innovative activities like pre-school centres/bridge
      courses/vocational education/bicycles etc.
     Gender sensitization     of   education   personnel    and
      teachers.
     Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (residential schools) in
      2810 educationally backward blocks .
     Innovative activities in several States – Life skills
      education, remedial teaching, vocational training for older
      girls, health and hygiene camps and uniforms /
      incentives.
   Goal – II : Bridging Gender & Social Category
   Gap at primary by 2007 & elementary by 2010
           Upper Primary                           Primary
• Girls enrolment up from 45.02% • Girls enrolment up from 47.18%
  (2003-04) to 45.80% (2005-06).   (2003-04) to 47.79% (2005-06).
• Gender gap reduced at upper • Gender gap reduced at Pry
  primary                          (DISE)


 2003-04    2004-05     2005-06      2003-04    2004-05     2005-06
 9.4        8.9         8.0          5.1        5.1         4.6

• 81 distt. Gender gap > 20% pts.   • 48 distt. Gender Gap > 10% pts.
• High gender gap in:               • High gender gap
  Rajasthan(23.6)Bihar (22.3)       Bihar(11.3)Rajasthan (7.07)
  Jharkhand(11.8)MP(11.7)           Gujarat(6.1)Jharkhand (5.0)
  Uttar Pradesh (9.4)
                                               Goal – II contd…/-

    Promoting Education of SC and ST Children
•   Free Text Books.
•   242 KGBV in SC and 457 in ST Blocks with 25% of SC &
    29% ST girls covered in all KGBVs.
•   Rs. 15 lakh per district for SC/ST innovation.
•   EGS & AIE centres being opened in tribal areas with
    relaxed norms (10-15 children).
•   Recruitment of local tribal teachers.
•   Development of specific modules for training of teachers
    in tribal areas (AP, Gujarat, Orissa).
•   Use of primers in tribal languages to help in better
    transition to State language.
•   Targeted Provisioning in 61 SC & 106 ST concentration
    districts
                                                         Goal – II contd…/-

                      Share of SC and ST Students
                        Primary                        Upper Primary
            2003-04      2004-05   2005-06   2003-04     2004-05       2005-06
    SC        21.3%      20.75%    20.40%    19.33%       20.10%       19.09%
    ST       10.20%      10.71%    11.55%    8.08%        8.84%        8.76%
*Source DISE data.

•    Highest SC share in Punjab (47%), Haryana (31%), UP
     (28%).
•    Highest ST share in North                       Eastern       States,
     Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Jharkhand.
•    Gender Parity an issue at upper primary level among
     SC.
•    Gender parity an issue at primary & upper primary level
     among ST.
What Does SSA Provide for Children With Special need

•   Support to CWSN, specific provision of Rs 1200 per
    child
•   Coverage through enrolment in schools(19.97 lakh),
    EGS/AIE centres(1.12 lakh) and home based
    education (77140).
•   Provided assistive devices to 7.12 lakh CWSN
•   Teachers training to 50000 teachers
•   6678 resource teachers appointed in 21 States.
•   Barrier free access ramps in the 5.02 lakh school
•   620 NGOs involved in planning for IE, identification on
    CWSN, provision of aids and appliances, training on
    teachers etc.
•   Focus now on in-class attention and appropriate
    materials/ teaching methods for enrolling CWSN
                   CWSN – Inclusive Education

•   SSA has zero rejection policy

     3500000
     3000000
     2500000
     2000000
     1500000
     1000000
      500000
              0
                   2002-03   2003-04   2004-05   2005-06   2006-07
      Identified    683554   1459692   1592722   2017404   3038038
      Covered       566921   1171993   1424310   1560539   2049367
Thrust in 11th Plan
Lower Gender Gap in literacy by 10% pts.
• Revamp NPEGEL for specific block projects @ Rs. 25
  lakh per block per year.
• Enlarge eligibility criteria of EBB‟s for NPEGEL &
  KGBV
Bring SC, ST at par.
• Small school norms for ST areas.
• Hostels for boys @ KGBV norms. (ST & Minorities
Focus on minority dominated areas.
• Priority targeting for completing infrastructure gaps in
  districts / blocks with socially          disadvantaged
  categories.
Enhance CWSN norms and Focus on Girl Child with
  Disability
            Goal III : Universal Retention by 2010
      18
                                           •   Dropout rates (pry.) have
      16
                                               declined by 4.5 percent
      14
                                               points.
      12

      10                                   •   Reduction in girls drop
        8                                      out by 5 percent points.
        6
                                           •   Transition rates Pry. to U.
        4
                                               Pry. improve from 74.15
        2
                                               (2003-04) to 83.36 (2005-
        0
             2002-03   2003-04   2004-05
                                               06).
Pry Girls     15.26     13.06     10.21
Primary       14.9      12.79     10.39
*DISE
                Dropout Rates
Goal III : Universal Retention by 2010
                           Drop out at Pry Level
                           9.96%
                              < 10 AP, HP,
                                   Chattisgarh,
                                   Gujarat, J&K
                                   Karnataka, Kerala,
                                   MP,
                           Maharashtra, Mizoram,
                           Nagaland,       Orissa,
                           Punjab,
                                   Sikkim, Tamilnadu,
                                    Tripura
                           10 – 15 Assam, ,
                                   Haryana, UP, WB
              Upto 5%              Uttarakhand,
             5 to 10%      > 15    Jharkhand, Bihar
                                   Meghalaya ,
             10 to 15%
                                   Rajasthan
             16 to 20%             Arunachal Pradesh
              > 20%
        Thrust in XIth Plan – Universal Retention

 Dropout to reduce from 52.2% (2003-04) to 20% (2011-
  12) at elementary level.
 Incentivise Upper Primary Level
• Library infrastructure
• More staff at BRC for upper primary requirements.
• Special teacher training for upper primary schools.
• Free text books and uniforms to all
• Furniture for every child
• Special focus on science and maths learning.
• Enhanced ICT input.
    Goal IV: Improving Quality of Education

   What SSA Provides for Quality improvement
       Provide additional teachers for PTR 1: 40 with
        minimum of two teachers
       Grants – Teachers
       Development of improved textbooks
       Free textbooks for girls, SC, ST‟s
       Remedial teaching (for students needing greater
        attention )
       Annual 20 day training of teachers
       Decentralized     academic        support      to
        schools/teachers through block & cluster level
        resource centers
       Improved pupil assessment systems
       School monitoring indicators
         Goal IV: Improving Quality of Education
     States with high PTR


                                          PTR at primary – 41:1 and at
                                           upper primary is 29:1
                                          State have recruited 7.98 lakhs
                                           teachers against the target of
                                           10.12 lakhs teachers.




PTR more than 41:1 at elementary level
                                          Goal – IV contd../-


         Progress against Quality Inputs

                    Target (2006-07)      % Achievement
Teacher Training    34.05 lakh teachers 87%
TLE Grant           1.08 lakh schools   62%
School Grant        10.1 lakh schools   95%
TLM Grant           39.34 lakh teachers   90%
Free Textbooks      6.68 crore students   96%
Remedial training   43.60 lakh students   78%
Functional BRCs     6746 centres          99%
Functional CRCs     70388 centres         94%
   Assessment based learning improvement efforts
                                     Quality Tracking in Kerala
                                     KSQAO – Karnataka
                                     ABL – Tamil Nadu
                                     CLAPS – Andhra Pradesh
                                     LATS – Orissa
                                     GAP – Gujarat
                                     Buniyad – Jharkhand
                                     Read C. – Chhattisgarh
                                     Read M. – Madhya Pradesh
                                     LAP, LGP – Rajasthan
                                     School Grading, Nayee Disha –
                                      UP
                                     PLEP – Punjab
                                     SSUU – West Bengal
 Learning Improvement Initiatives   Bidya Jyoti, LAP – Assam
 Recent initiatives
                                     School Monitoring - Uttarakhand
Thrust in 11th Plan Working Group: On Quality

  • Develop minimum standards of educational attainment
  • Regular testing to monitor effectiveness of education.
  • ICT for enhancing learning levels.
  • Define ‘improved quality’ in operational terms.
  • Distinguish assessment for performance of individual
    students, grading school effectiveness & teachers & learner
    achievement trends, national Surveys for quick comparable
    results / analysis on direction of learning outcomes.
  • Acquisition of basic skills of literacy & numeracy in early
    primary grades.
  • Creation of capacity within the school for dealing with
    ‘diversity’ in students.
  • Enhance SSA’s framework to support more quality related
    activities.
                                                          Contd.
           What Does SSA Provide for
            Community Involvement
Community involvement - must in SSA
     Village Education Committees and School
      Management Committees given key role in SSA
      implementation.
     50% funds go to VEC/ SMC
     VECs/Women‟s groups monitor primary schools
     Roles in implementation/monitoring assigned to
      Panchayati Raj Institutions.
     More than 6000 NGOs involved in support to, and
      implementation of SSA interventions.
Thrust in 11th Plan : Community Participation

  Road map for decentralisation of school governance with
  defined milestones.
 Community control over recruitment & placement of
  teachers.
 Block based / school based cadres.\
 Substitute teachers.
 Development of annual school plans with community
  involvements, with clear focus on quality parameters.
 1% of districts outlay for community mobilisation
  activities.
 Promoting participation of NGOs and private sectors in
  providing facilities for deprived urban children.
Educational Development Index (EDI)




                   1st quartile
                   2nd quartile
                   3rd quartile
                   4th quartile
                   District EDI Distribution
                           Per cent districts in different Quartiles
State/UT           Quartile 1   Quartile 2      Quartile 3     Quartile 4
Himachal Pradesh     100.00%        0.00%           0.00%          0.00%
Sikkim               100.00%        0.00%           0.00%          0.00%
Tamil Nadu           96.60%         3.40%           0.00%          0.00%
Delhi                88.90%        11.10%           0.00%          0.00%
Mizoram              75.00%        12.50%          12.50%          0.00%
Karnataka            66.70%        25.90%           7.40%          0.00%
Andhra Pradesh       56.50%        30.40%           8.70%          4.30%
Uttarakhand          53.80%        38.50%           7.70%          0.00%
Punjab               52.90%        47.10%           0.00%          0.00%
Maharashtra          45.70%        51.40%           2.90%          0.00%
J&K                  35.70%        21.40%          42.90%          0.00%
Gujarat              32.00%        60.00%           8.00%          0.00%
Nagaland             12.50%        12.50%          25.00%         50.00%
Manipur              11.10%        33.30%          44.40%         11.10%
               Monitoring/ Feedback

 EMIS for 2006-07 under compilation (received from 25
  States / UTs).

 School Report Cards 2006-07 on website.

 56 MI Reports received for 28 States / UTs (on website)

 IPAI Reports received for 21 States.

 CAG Performance Audit responded to & evidence on 13th
  Feb‟07. PAC Report received.

 9 Independent Assessment Studies initiated.
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