Stroke 20 p1981 1990 by 67P19u

VIEWS: 63 PAGES: 206

									                                     References

Thurber, D.N. (1983), Write on - with Continuous Stroke Point. Academic Therapy, 18
   (4), 389-395
Milsom, I., Forssman, L., Biber, B., Dottori, O. and Sivertsson, R. (1983), Measurement
   of Cardiac Stroke Volume During Cesarean-Section - A Comparison Between
   Impedance Cardiography and the Dye Dilution Technique. Acta Anaesthesiologica
   Scandinavica, 27 (5), 421-426
Langjensen, T., Berning, J. and Jacobsen, E. (1983), Stroke Volume Measured by
   Pulsed Ultrasound Doppler and M-Mode Echocardiography. Acta Anaesthesiologica
   Scandinavica, 27 (6), 454-457
Settergren, G. (1986), The Calculation of Left-Ventricular Stroke Work Index. Acta
   Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, 30 (6), 450-452
Ekman, L.G., Milsom, I., Arvidsson, S., Biber, B., Martinell, S. and Sjoqvist, B.A.
   (1990), Clinical-Evaluation of An Ensemble-Averaging Impedance Cardiograph for
   Monitoring Stroke Volume During Spontaneous Breathing. Acta Anaesthesiologica
   Scandinavica, 34 (3), 190-196
Keywords: COPENHAGEN
Benit, E., Degeest, H., Denef, B. and Vandewerf, F. (1990), Early and 3-Months
   Follow-Up Results in 22 Adult Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Transvenous
   Mitral Valvuloplasty. Acta Cardiologica, 45 (6), 425-440.
Abstract: Between April 1988 and October 1989, 22 adult patients with isolated or
   predominant severe mitral stenosis underwent Percutaneous Transvenous Mitral
   Valvuloplasty (PTMV). In 20 patients, a transseptal double balloon technique was
   used; in the last 2 patients, dilatation was performed using the Inoue balloon.
   Immediately after the procedure, the mitral valve area (MVA) rose from 1.2 +/- 0.3
   to 2.2 +/- 0.8 cm2 (p < 0.0001) using the hemodynamic method and from 1.1 +/- 0.4
   to 1.9 +/- 0.4 cm2 (p < 0.0001) using a Doppler technique. The mean left atrial
   pressure decreased from 20.3 +/- 6.0 to 10.5 +/- 5.0 mm Hg (p < 0.0001). After the
   procedure, severe mitral regurgitation or significant iatrogenic interatrial septum
   defect did not occur. Two cerebral accidents were observed. One patient had a severe
   stroke with aphasia and hemiplegia but recovered within 3 months. The other patient
   had a minor dysarthric event, which resolved completely after 24 hours. Three
   months follow-up data in 16 patients revealed that they all were in NYHA class I or
   II. Restenosis occured in 1 case. In the whole group of patients the MVA calculated
   by Doppler examination was similar to immediately after PTMV (1.9 +/- 0.4 versus
   1.9 +/- 0.7 cm2)
Keywords: DILATATION USING A BALLOON CATHETER/INTERVENTIONAL
   CATHETERIZATION/MITRAL STENOSIS/PERCUTANEOUS TRANSVENOUS
   MITRAL VALVULOPLASTY
Assmann, I. and Muller, E. (1990), Prognostic-Significance of Different Qt-Intervals in
   the Body- Surface Ecg in Patients with Acute Myocardial-Infarction and in Patients
   with Acute Or Chronic Cerebral Processes. Acta Cardiologica, 45 (6), 501-504.
Abstract: In 73 patients after AMI, 131 patients with cerebral stroke and in 116 patients
   with cerebral tumours the QT(c)-intervals in different ECG leads were measured. In
   about 30% of pts with AMI there were prolonged (greater-than-or-equal-to 440 ms)
   QT(c)-values. Patients with AMI suffering from VT or non- survivors had the
   longest QT(c)-values. Also in patients with cerebral stroke and prolonged QT-values
   (greater-than-or-equal- to 440 ms) the risk of dying was significantly higher than in
   patients that survived. The prolongation of QT(c) in patients with cerebral tumours
   are not correlated with prognosis but with the severity of neurological disturbances
Ammerer, H.P., Bock, F. and Perneczky, G. (1981), Extra-Intracranial Anastomosis As
   An Emergency Operation for Impending Stroke After Closure of A Sinus
   Cavernosus Fistula. Acta Chirurgica Austriaca, 13 (3), 63-65
Tragl, K.H. (1983), Risk-Factors and Atherosclerotic Complications in Vienna -
   Myocardial-Infarction and Stroke. Acta Medica Austriaca, 10 (1), 1-10
Oder, W., Kollegger, H., Zeiler, K. and Deecke, L. (1989), Considering Hemodilution
   Therapy in Stroke. Acta Medica Austriaca , 16 (5), 109-114
Maciejek, Z., Chmielewski, H., Czernicki, J. and Pawlak, J. (1981), Effect of
   Low-Molecular Dextran on the Dynamics of Changes in Serum and Erythrocyte
   Lipids in Patients with Ischemic Cerebral Stroke. Acta Medica Polona, 22 (3),
   239-249
Asplund, K., Eriksson, S., Hagg, E., Lithner, F., Strand, T. and Wester, P.O. (1982),
   Hyperosmolar Non-Ketotic Coma in Diabetic Stroke Patients. Acta Medica
   Scandinavica, 212 (6), 407-411
Joensen, P. (1982), Stroke in An Isolated Population - Incidence on the Faroes During
   1962-1975. Acta Medica Scandinavica, 212 (5), 309-311
Evans, J.G. (1983), Hypertension and Stroke in An Elderly Population. Acta Medica
   Scandinavica, 22-32
Olsen, T.S. (1983), Should Induced Hypertension Or Hypotension Ever be Used in the
   Treatment of Stroke. Acta Medica Scandinavica, 113-120
Britton, M., Hultman, E., Murray, V. and Sjoholm, H. (1983), The Diagnostic-Accuracy
   of Csf Analyses in Stroke. Acta Medica Scandinavica, 214 (1), 3-13
Sigurdsson, G., Sigfusson, N., Thorsteinsson, T., Olafsson, O., Davidsson, D. and
   Samuelsson, S. (1983), Screening for Health Risks - How Useful Is A Questionnaire
   Response Showing Positive Family History of Myocardial- Infarction, Hypertension
   Or Cerebral Stroke. Acta Medica Scandinavica, 213 (1), 45-50
Heliovaara, M., Reunanen, A., Aromaa, A., Knekt, P., Aho, K. and Suhonen, O. (1984),
   Validity of Hospital Discharge Data in A Prospective Epidemiological-Study on
   Stroke and Myocardial-Infarction. Acta Medica Scandinavica, 216 (3), 309-315
Harmsen, P. and Wilhelmsen, L. (1984), Stroke Registration in Goteborg, Sweden,
   1971-75 - Clinical Profile and Prognosis. Acta Medica Scandinavica, 215 (3),
   239-248
Viitanen, M., Winblad, B. and Asplund, K. (1987), Autopsy-Verified Causes of Death
   After Stroke. Acta Medica Scandinavica, 222 (5), 401-408
Viitanen, M., Eriksson, S., Asplund, K., Wester, P.O. and Winblad, B. (1987),
   Determinants of Long-Term Mortality After Stroke. Acta Medica Scandinavica, 221
   (4), 349-356
Himmelmann, A., Hansson, L., Svensson, A., Harmsen, P., Holmgren, C. and Svanborg,
   A. (1988), Predictors of Stroke in the Elderly. Acta Medica Scandinavica, 224 (5),
   439-443
Axelsson, K., Asplund, K., Norberg, A. and Alafuzoff, I. (1988), Nutritional-Status in
   Patients with Acute Stroke. Acta Medica Scandinavica, 224 (3), 217-224
Asplund, K., Tuomilehto, J., Stegmayr, B., Wester, P.O. and Tunstallpedoe, H. (1988),
   Diagnostic-Criteria and Quality-Control of the Registration of Stroke Events in the
   Monica Project. Acta Medica Scandinavica, 26-39
Manev, H., Favaron, M., Vicini, S. and Guidotti, A. (1990), Ganglioside-Mediated
   Protection from Glutamate-Induced Neuronal Death. Acta Neurobiologiae
   Experimentalis, 50 (4-5), 475-488.
Abstract: Glutamate, an excitatory amino acid (EAA), plays an important role in neuron
  to neuron signaling by binding to specific receptors. When, during neuronal firing,
  quanta of glutamate are released from the nerve terminal, they interact with the
  receptors for a few milliseconds and, thereafter, glutamate is promptly cleared by
  appropriate mechanisms. The neurotoxic action of glutamate arises from its capacity
  to trigger a pathophysiological chain of events when it acts continuously and
  abusively on its receptors (e.g., during cerebral edema associated with trauma,
  ischemia, stroke). In primary cultures of cerabellar granule neurons the abusive
  stimulation of EAA receptors by glutamate amplifies pathologicaly two early
  intracellular signals: free cytosolic Ca++ and the translocation of protein kinase C
  (PKC) from cytosol to neuronal membrane. Both of these signals persist unabated
  even after removal of glutamate from the incubation medium. Natural gangliosides
  and their semisynthetic derivatives protect neurons from glutamate toxicity by
  blocking the consequences of receptor abuse but they leave physiological responses
  to glutamate unaffected; hence they represent a prototype of a "receptor abuse
  dependent antagonist" (RADA)
Keywords:
  ACCUMULATION/CALCIUM/CELLULAR-REGULATION/CEREBELLAR
  GRANULE                        CELLS/GANGLIOSIDES/GLUTAMATE/ISCHEMIC
  DAMAGE/NEURONAL                         DEATH/NEUROTRANSMITTER/PRIMARY
  CULTURES/PROTEIN KINASE-C/RAT/RECEPTOR ABUSE- DEPENDENT
  ANTAGONIST (RADA)/RECEPTORS/SPHINGOLIPIDS
Bell, B.A. and Ambrose, J. (1982), Smoking and the Risk of A Stroke. Acta
  Neurochirurgica, 64 (1-2), 1-7
Bozzao, L., Fantozzi, L.M., Bastianello, S., Bozzao, A. and Fieschi, C. (1989),
  Occlusion of the Extracranial Internal Carotid-Artery in the Acute Stroke -
  Angiographic Findings Within 6 Hours. Acta Neurochirurgica, 100 (1-2), 39-42
Dereuck, J., Decoster, W. and Vandereecken, H. (1985), Cerebrospinal-Fluid Cytology
  in Acute Ischemic Stroke. Acta Neurologica Belgica, 85 (3), 133-136
Berthier, M. and Starkstein, S. (1987), Acute Atypical Psychosis Following A
  Right-Hemisphere Stroke. Acta Neurologica Belgica, 87 (3), 125-131
Lowenthal, A. (1988), European Stroke Prevention Study. Acta Neurologica Belgica,
  88 (1), 14-18
Gautier, J.C. (1988), Stroke Units. Acta Neurologica Belgica, 88 (1), 46-52
Poeck, K. (1988), Intraarterial Thrombolytic Therapy in Acute Stroke. Acta
  Neurologica Belgica, 88 (1), 35-45
Olsen, T.S., Larsen, B., Lassen, N.A., Skriver, E.B. and Herning, M. (1982), Severe
  Hyperemia in Necrotic Brain-Tissue Due to Partial Or Total Reperfusion of Cerebral
  Infarcts in Acute Stroke. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 65 152-153
Sorensen, P.S., Boysen, G., Jensen, G. and Schnohr, P. (1982), Prevalence of Stroke in
  A District of Copenhagen - the Copenhagen-City-Heart-Study. Acta Neurologica
  Scandinavica, 66 (1), 68-81
Olsen, T.S., Larsen, B., Herning, M., Skriver, E.B. and Lassen, N.A. (1982), Evidence
  of An Ischemic Penumbra in Collaterally Perfused Brain-Tissue - A Rcbf Study of
  Acute Stroke Patients. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 65 154-155
Hemmingsen, R., Mejsholm, B., Boysen, G. and Engell, H.C. (1982), Intellectual
  Function in Patients with Transient Ischemic Attacks (Tia) Or Minor Stroke. Acta
  Neurologica Scandinavica, 66 (2), 145-159
Olsen, T.S. (1982), Clinical-Feature and Prognosis in A Stroke Population - A
  Consecutive and Prospective-Study of 106 Stroke Patients. Acta Neurologica
  Scandinavica, 65 174-175
Sivenius, J., Riekkinen, P., Pyorala, K. and Heinonen, O.P. (1982), Epidemiology of
   Stroke in Kuopio Area, Finland. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 65 173
Sorensen, P.S., Pedersen, H., Marquardsen, J., Petersson, H., Heltberg, A., Simonsen,
   N., Munck, O. and Andersen, L.A. (1982), Acetylsalicyclic Acid in the Prevention of
   Stroke in Patients with Reversible Ischemic Attacks. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica,
   65 176-177
Sivenius, J., Pyorala, K., Salonen, J., Heinonen, O. and Riekkinen, P.J. (1984),
   Predictive Factors in the Functional Recovery and Outcome of Stroke. Acta
   Neurologica Scandinavica, 69 279-280
Gelmers, H.J. (1984), The Effects of Nimodipine on the Clinical Course of Patients with
   Acute Ischemic Stroke. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 69 (4), 232-239
Hillbom, M.E., Kangasaho, M. and Hjelmjager, M. (1984), Platelet-Aggregation and
   Thromboxane-B2 Formation After Ethanol Abuse - Is There A Relationship to
   Stroke. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 70 (6), 432-437
Sivenius, J., Pyorala, K., Salonen, J., Heinonen, O. and Riekkinen, P.J. (1984), The
   Significance of Physiotherapy in the Recovery of Stroke. Acta Neurologica
   Scandinavica, 69 281-282
Kotila, M., Waltimo, O., Niemi, M.L. and Laaksonen, R. (1984), Does A Single Stroke
   Precede Dementia. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 69 335-336
Mettinger, K.L., Soderstrom, C.E. and Neiman, J. (1984), Stroke Before 55 Years of
   Age at Karolinska-Hospital 1973-77 - A Study of 399 Well-Defined Cases - Risk
   Indicators and Etiological Considerations. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 70 (6),
   415-422
Olsen, T.S., Bruhn, P. and Oberg, G. (1984), Cause of Aphasia in Stroke Patients with
   Subcortical Lesions. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 69 311-312
Olsen, T.S., Skriver, E.B. and Herning, M. (1984), Cause of Ischemic Stroke -
   Embolism Or Thrombosis. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 69 309-310
Bogousslavsky, J. and Regli, F. (1985), Anticoagulant-Induced Intracerebral Bleeding
   in Brain Ischemia - Evaluation in 200 Patients with Tias, Emboli from the Heart, and
   Progressing Stroke. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 71 (6), 464-471
Matiasguiu, J., Martinezvazquez, J., Ruibal, A., Colomer, R., Boada, M. and Codina, A.
   (1986), Myelin Basic-Protein and Creatine-Kinase Bb Isoenzyme As Csf Markers of
   Intracranial Tumors and Stroke. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 73 (5), 461-465
Vorstrup, S., Paulson, O.B. and Lassen, N.A. (1986), Cerebral Blood-Flow in Acute and
   Chronic Ischemic Stroke Using Xe-133 Inhalation Tomography. Acta Neurologica
   Scandinavica, 74 (6), 439-451
Ferrarese, C., Bassi, S., Frattola, L., Locatelli, P., Piolti, R. and Trabucchi, M. (1986),
   Different Patterns of Csf Neurotransmitter Metabolism in Patients with Left Or Right
   Hemispheric Stroke. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 73 (6), 581-585
Radhakrishnan, K., Ashok, P.P., Sridharan, R. and Mousa, M.E. (1986), Stroke in the
   Young - Incidence and Pattern in Benghazi, Libya. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica,
   73 (4), 434-438
Matiasguiu, J., Davalos, A., Pico, M., Monasterio, J., Vilaseca, J. and Codina, A. (1987),
   Low-Dose Acetylsalicylic-Acid (Asa) Plus Dipyridamole Versus Dipyridamole
   Alone in the Prevention of Stroke in Patients with Reversible Ischemic Attacks. Acta
   Neurologica Scandinavica, 76 (6), 413-421
Wade, D.T. and Hewer, R.L. (1987), Motor Loss and Swallowing Difficulty After
   Stroke - Frequency, Recovery, and Prognosis. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 76
   (1), 50-54
Wester, P., Puu, G., Reiz, S., Winblad, B. and Wester, P.O. (1987), Increased
   Monoamine Metabolite Concentrations and Cholinesterase Activities in
   Cerebrospinal-Fluid of Patients with Acute Stroke. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica,
   76 (6), 473-479
Jura, E. (1987), Gastrointestinal Disturbances in Stroke. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica,
   76 (3), 168-171
Norrving, B. and Lowenheilm, P. (1988), Epidemiology of Stroke in Lund-Orup,
   Sweden, 1983-85 - Incidence of 1St Stroke and Age-Related-Changes in Subtypes.
   Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 78 (5), 408-413
Oder, W., Binder, H., Baumgartner, C., Zeiler, K. and Deecke, L. (1988), Is Aphasia An
   Additional Prognostic Factor in Ischemic Stroke with Regard to the Severity of
   Hemiparesis in the Subacute Stage. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 78 (2), 85-89
Yamanouchi, H., Shimada, H., Tomonaga, M. and Matsushita, S. (1989), Recurrence of
   Embolic Stroke in Non-Valvular Atrial- Fibrillation (Nvaf) - An Autopsy Study.
   Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 80 (2), 123-129
Asplund, K. (1989), Randomized Clinical-Trials of Hemodilution in Acute Ischemic
   Stroke. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 80 22-30
Paci, A., Ottaviano, P., Trenta, A., Iannone, G., Desantis, L., Lancia, G., Moschini, E.,
   Carosi, M., Amigoni, S. and Caresia, L. (1989), Nimodipine in Acute Ischemic
   Stroke - A Double-Blind Controlled-Study. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 80 (4),
   282-286
Alvarez, J., Matiasguiu, J., Sumalla, J., Molins, M., Insa, R., Molto, J.M., Martin, R.,
   Codina, A. and Martinezvazquez, J.M. (1989), Ischemic Stroke in Young-Adults .1.
   Analysis of the Etiological Subgroups. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 80 (1), 28-34
Titus, F., Montalban, J., Molins, A., Gili, J., Lopez, M. and Codina, A. (1989),
   Migraine-Related Stroke - Brain Infarction in Superior Cerebellar Artery Territory
   Demonstrated by Nuclear Magnetic- Resonance. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 79
   (5), 357-360
Seyama, K., Suzuki, K., Mizuno, Y., Yoshida, M., Tanaka, M. and Ozawa, T. (1989),
   Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathy with Lactic-Acidosis and Stroke-Like Episodes
   with Special Reference to the Mechanism of Cerebral Manifestations. Acta
   Neurologica Scandinavica, 80 (6), 561-568
Halliwell, B. (1989), Oxidants and the Central-Nervous-System - Some Fundamental
   Questions - Is Oxidant Damage Relevant to Parkinsons-Disease, Alzheimers-Disease,
   Traumatic Injury Or Stroke. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 80 23-33
Matiasguiu, J., Alvarez, J., Insa, R., Molto, J.M., Martin, R., Codina, A. and
   Martinezvazquez, J.M. (1990), Ischemic Stroke in Young-Adults .2. Analysis of
   Risk-Factors in the Etiologic Subgroups. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 81 (4),
   314-317
Keywords: COPENHAGEN
Olsson, J.E. and Zbornikova, V. (1990), Neuroborreliosis Simulating A Progressive
   Stroke. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 81 (5), 471-474
Keywords: COPENHAGEN
Westling, B., Norrving, B. and Thorngren, M. (1990), Survival Following Stroke - A
   Prospective Population-Based Study of 438 Hospitalized Cases with Prediction
   According to Subtype, Severity and Age. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 81 (5),
   457-463
Keywords: COPENHAGEN
Thorngren, M. and Westling, B. (1990), Rehabilitation and Achieved Health Quality
   After Stroke - A Population-Based Study of 258 Hospitalized Cases Followed for
   One Year. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 82 (6), 374-380.
Abstract: In a prospective population-based study rehabilitation outcome and achieved
   health quality was followed in consecutive hospitalized stroke patients after 3, 6 and
   12 months. The study group comprised 258 patients (125 men and 133 women)
   admitted during the period February 1st 1986 - January 31st 1987. Most (76%) had
   major stroke and 24% had minor stroke. Stroke occurred predominantly among the
   elderly; 74% were greater-than-or-equal-to 70 years and 38% greater-than-or-
   equal-to 80 years. The case-fatality rate was 11% during the acute phase and 27%
   after one year. Of all patients 49% returned to their own homes, 2% moved into an
   old people's home and 38% were referred to institutions. Age of the patient and
   severity of the stroke influenced on the survival rates and on the discharge pattern.
   The amount of patients living in their own homes increased steadily with time. At
   discharge and after 3, 6 and 12 months 49, 54, 58, 56% of all patients and 54, 66, 73
   and 77% of the survivors respectively were living at home, whereas 38, 22, 15 and
   10% of all patients and 43, 27, 19 and 14% of the survivors were in institutions at the
   corresponding time periods. The remaining survivors were living in an old people's
   home. The major recovery of functional ability occurred within the first 3-6 months.
   At 3, 6 and 12 months 80, 82 and 81% of the surviving patients were able to walk
   indoors independently
Keywords:                                                      CEREBROVASCULAR
   DISEASE/COPENHAGEN/DISABILITY/EFFICIENCY                      ANALYSIS/HEALTH
   ECONOMY/HEALTH QUALITY/REHABILITATION
Bogousslavsky, J., Adnetbonte, C., Regli, F., Vanmelle, G. and Kappenberger, L.
   (1990), Lone Atrial-Fibrillation and Stroke. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 82 (2),
   143-146
Pasqualetti, P., Natali, G., Casale, R. and Colantonio, D. (1990), Epidemiologic
   Chronorisk of Stroke. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 81 (1), 71-74
Keywords: COPENHAGEN
Ogata, J., Fujishima, M., Tamaki, K., Nakatomi, Y., Ishitsuka, T. and Omae, T. (1981),
   Vascular Changes Underlying Cerebral-Lesions in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats - A Serial Section Study. Acta Neuropathologica, 54 (3), 183-188
Fredriksson, K., Auer, R.N., Kalimo, H., Nordborg, C., Olsson, Y. and Johansson, B.B.
   (1985), Cerebrovascular Lesions in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats.
   Acta Neuropathologica, 68 (4), 284-294
Fredriksson, K., Kalimo, H., Westergren, I., Kahrstrom, J. and Johansson, B.B. (1987),
   Blood-Brain-Barrier Leakage and Brain Edema in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats - Effect of Chronic Sympathectomy and Low Protein High Salt
   Diet. Acta Neuropathologica, 74 (3), 259-268
Fredriksson, K., Kalimo, H., Nordborg, C., Johansson, B.B. and Olsson, Y. (1988),
   Nerve-Cell Injury in the Brain of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats.
   Acta Neuropathologica, 76 (3), 227-237
Fredriksson, K., Kalimo, H., Nordborg, C., Olsson, Y. and Johansson, B.B. (1988), Cyst
   Formation and Glial Response in the Brain-Lesions of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats. Acta Neuropathologica, 76 (5), 441-450
Fredriksson, K., Nordborg, C., Kalimo, H., Olsson, Y. and Johansson, B.B. (1988),
   Cerebral Microangiopathy in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats - An
   Immunohistochemical and Ultrastructural- Study. Acta Neuropathologica, 75 (3),
   241-252
Milsom, I., Forssman, L., Sivertsson, R. and Dottori, O. (1983), Measurement of
   Cardiac Stroke Volume by Impedance Cardiography in the Last Trimester of
   Pregnancy. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 62 (5), 473-479
Poplingher, A.R. and Pillar, T. (1985), Hip Fracture in Stroke Patients - Epidemiology
   and Rehabilitation. Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, 56 (3), 226-227
Llorensterol, J., Solellenas, J. and Tura, A. (1983), Stroke Due to Fibromuscular
   Hyperplasia of the Internal Carotid-Artery. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica, 72 (2),
   299-301
Eegolofsson, O. and Ringheim, Y. (1983), Stroke in Children - Clinical Characteristics
   and Prognosis. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica, 72 (3), 391-395
Caidahl, K., Mellander, M., Sabel, K.G. and Eriksson, B.O. (1986), Estimation of
   Stroke Volume Using Doppler Echocardiography and Left-Ventricular
   Echocardiographic Dimensions in Infants and Children. Acta Paediatrica
   Scandinavica, 114-119
Hamazaki, S., Okada, S., Kusaka, H., Fujii, T., Okuno, T., Kashu, I. and Midorikawa, O.
   (1989), Mitochondrial Myopathy, Encephalopathy, Lactic-Acidosis, and Stroke-Like
   Episodes - Report of An Autopsy. Acta Pathologica Japonica, 39 (9), 599-606
Kuikka, J.T. and Lansimies, E. (1982), Effect of Age on Cardiac Index, Stroke Index
   and Left- Ventricular Ejection Fraction at Rest and During Exercise As Studied by
   Radiocardiography. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 114 (3), 339-343
Dam, H., Pedersen, H.E. and Ahlgren, P. (1989), Depression Among Patients with
   Stroke. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 80 (2), 118-124
Kelbaek, H., Svendsen, J.H., Aldershvile, J., Folke, K. and Nielsen, S.L. (1988),
   Non-Invasive Measurement of Stroke Volume and Left-Ventricular Ejection Fraction
   - Radionuclide Cardiography Compared with Left-Ventricular Cardioangiography.
   Acta Radiologica, 29 (2), 175-178
Skriver, E.B., Olsen, T.S. and Mcnair, P. (1990), Mass Effect and Atrophy After Stroke.
   Acta Radiologica, 31 (5), 431-438.
Abstract: Cerebral edema, resolution of edema, and subsequent development of cerebral
   atrophy were studied prospectively in 83 patients with ischemic stroke with CT 3
   days, 2 weeks, and 6 months poststroke. Nineteen patients had large (diameter > 3
   cm), 25 medium sized (diameter greater-than-or-equal-to 1.5 less-than- or-equal-to 3
   cm), and 15 lacunar infarcts (diameter < 1.5 cm). In 24 patients no infarcts were seen.
   Changes of Evans' ratio (ER), septum-caudate distance (S/C), and width of widest
   cortical sulci (SuW) were taken as markers of mass effect/atrophy. These parameters
   were within normal limits in most cases. However, when all CT scans performed in
   each patient were compared, changes of ER, S/C, and SuW became apparent as
   evidence of mass effect and subsequent atrophy development. Mass effect occurred
   in 81 percent and atrophy in 58 percent of patients with large infarcts. In patients
   with medium sized infarcts, mass effect occurred in 38 percent and atrophy in 45
   percent
Keywords:                                                ARTERY/BRAIN/CEREBRAL
   INFARCTION/COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY/CONTRAST/COPENHAGEN/CT/I
   NFARCTION/OCCLUSION/SEP
Chen, Y.M. and Fang, Y.A. (1990), 108 Cases of Hemiplegia Caused by Stroke - the
   Relationship Between Ct Scan Results, Clinical Findings and the Effect of
   Acupuncture Treatment. Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research, 15 (1), 9-17
Barnett, H.J.M. (1985), Medical Prevention of Ischemic Stroke. Advances in
   Prostaglandin Thromboxane and Leukotriene Research, 13 247-255
Smith, D.L., Akhtar, A.J. and Garraway, W.M. (1983), Proprioception and Spatial
   Neglect After Stroke. Age and Ageing, 12 (1), 63-69
Taylor, I.C. and Stout, R.W. (1983), Are Cardiac-Arrhythmias Important in Stroke. Age
   and Ageing, 12 (3), 217-224
Holbrook, M. and Skilbeck, C.E. (1983), An Activities Index for Use with Stroke
   Patients. Age and Ageing, 12 (2), 166-170
Wade, D.T., Skilbeck, C.E., Wood, V.A. and Hewer, R.L. (1984), Long-Term Survival
   After Stroke. Age and Ageing, 13 (2), 76-82
Wade, D.T., Langtonhewer, R. and Wood, V.A. (1984), Stroke - the Influence of Age
   Upon Outcome. Age and Ageing, 13 (6), 357-362
Stevens, R.S., Ambler, N.R. and Warren, M.D. (1984), A Randomized Controlled Trial
   of A Stroke Rehabilitation Ward. Age and Ageing, 13 (2), 65-75
Padayachee, T.S., Gosling, R.G., Nandi, K.L. and Lewis, R.R. (1984), Doppler
   Ultrasound Screening for Arterial-Disease in Elderly Stroke Patients. Age and
   Ageing, 13 (3), 166-174
Selley, W.G. (1985), Swallowing Difficulties in Stroke Patients - A New Treatment.
   Age and Ageing, 14 (6), 361-365
Ebrahim, S., Nouri, F. and Barer, D. (1985), Cognitive Impairment After Stroke. Age
   and Ageing, 14 (6), 345-350
Smith, D.L., Akhtar, A.J. and Garraway, W.M. (1985), Motor Function After Stroke.
   Age and Ageing, 14 (1), 46-48
Jansen, P.A.F., Schulte, B.P.M., Meyboom, R.H.B. and Gribnau, F.W.J. (1986),
   Antihypertensive Treatment As A Possible Cause of Stroke in the Elderly. Age and
   Ageing, 15 (3), 129-138
Treseder, A.S., Sastry, B.S.D., Thomas, T.P.L., Yates, M.A. and Pathy, M.S.J. (1986),
   Atrial-Fibrillation and Stroke in Elderly Hospitalized-Patients. Age and Ageing, 15
   (2), 89-92
Borrie, M.J., Campbell, A.J., Caradocdavies, T.H. and Spears, G.F.S. (1986),
   Urinary-Incontinence After Stroke - A Prospective-Study. Age and Ageing, 15 (3),
   177-181
Mccarthy, S.T. and Turner, J. (1986), Low-Dose Subcutaneous Heparin in the
   Prevention of Deep-Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Emboli Following Acute
   Stroke. Age and Ageing, 15 (2), 84-88
Stone, S.P. (1987), The Mount-Vernon-Stroke-Service - A Feasibility Study to
   Determine Whether It Is Possible to Apply the Principles of Stroke Unit
   Management to Patients and Their Families on General Medical Wards. Age and
   Ageing, 16 (2), 81-88
Bonita, R., Anderson, A. and North, J.D.K. (1987), The Pattern of Management After
   Stroke. Age and Ageing, 16 (1), 29-34
Obrien, P.A., Ryder, D.Q. and Twomey, C. (1987), The Role of
   Computed-Tomography Brain-Scan in the Diagnosis of Acute Stroke in the Elderly.
   Age and Ageing, 16 (5), 319-322
Gray, C.S., French, J.M., James, O.F.W., Bates, D. and Cartlidge, N.E.F. (1988), The
   Prognostic Value of Hematocrit in Acute Stroke. Age and Ageing, 17 (6), 406-409
Power, M.J., Fullerton, K.J. and Stout, R.W. (1988), Blood-Glucose and Prognosis of
   Acute Stroke. Age and Ageing, 17 (3), 164-170
Barer, D.H. (1989), Continence After Stroke - Useful Predictor Or Goal of Therapy.
   Age and Ageing, 18 (3), 183-191
House, A., Dennis, M., Hawton, K. and Warlow, C. (1989), Methods of Identifying
   Mood Disorders in Stroke Patients - Experience in the Oxfordshire Community
   Stroke Project. Age and Ageing, 18 (6), 371-379
Gray, C.S., French, J.M., Bates, D., Cartlidge, N.E.F., Venables, G.S. and James,
   O.F.W. (1989), Recovery of Visual-Fields in Acute Stroke - Homonymous
   Hemianopia Associated with Adverse Prognosis. Age and Ageing, 18 (6), 419-421
Lincoln, N.B. and Edmans, J.A. (1990), A Revalidation of the Rivermead Adl Scale for
   Elderly Patients with Stroke. Age and Ageing, 19 (1), 19-24
Keywords: AGE
Gray, C.S., French, J.M., Venables, G.S., Cartlidge, N.E.F., James, O.F.W. and Bates,
   D. (1990), A Randomized Double-Blind Controlled Trial of Naftidrofuryl in Acute
   Stroke. Age and Ageing, 19 (6), 356-363
Spriggs, D.A., French, J.M., Murdy, J.M., Bates, D. and James, O.F.W. (1990),
   Historical Risk-Factors for Stroke - A Case Control Study. Age and Ageing, 19 (5),
   280-287
Keywords: AGE/SEP
Gray, C.S., French, J.M., Bates, D., Cartlidge, N.E.F., James, O.F.W. and Venables, G.
   (1990), Motor Recovery Following Acute Stroke. Age and Ageing, 19 (3), 179-184
Evans, J.G. (1990), Transient Neurological Dysfunction and Risk of Stroke in An
   Elderly English Population - the Different Significance of Vertigo and Nonrotatory
   Dizziness. Age and Ageing, 19 (1), 43-49
Ramos, J.I., Gany, A. and Sirignano, W.A. (1981), Study of Turbulence in A Motored
   4-Stroke Internal-Combustion Engine. Aiaa Journal, 19 (5), 594-600
Schock, H.J., Sosoka, D.J. and Ramos, J.I. (1984), Formation and Destruction of
   Vortices in A Motored 4-Stroke Piston-Cylinder Configuration. Aiaa Journal, 22 (7),
   948-949
Kramer, G., Klee, W., Nix, W. and Erbel, R. (1983), Cerebellar Stroke in A Patient with
   Prolapse and Aneurysm of the Mitral-Valve. Aktuelle Neurologie, 10 (6), 222-225
Janzik, H.H. (1984), Rehabilitation of Patients with Stroke. Aktuelle Neurologie, 11 (4),
   124-128
Zeumer, H., Kramer, G. and Hornig, C.R. (1985), New Aspects of Diagnosis and
   Therapy of Ischemic Cerebrovascular Stroke. Aktuelle Neurologie, 12 (6), 204-211
Zeiler, K., Reisner, T., Dalbianco, P., Holzner, F., Auff, E., Baumgartner, C. and
   Deecke, L. (1987), Long-Term Prognosis of Ischemic Stroke - the Predictive Value
   of Computerized-Tomography. Aktuelle Neurologie, 14 (3), 81-85
Dalbianco, P., Zeiler, K., Auff, E., Baumgartner, C., Holzner, F. and Deecke, L. (1988),
   Cigarette-Smoking and Stroke. Aktuelle Neurologie, 15 (1), 15-21
Baumgartner, C., Zeiler, K., Oder, W., Binder, H. and Deecke, L. (1988),
   Multivariate-Analysis of Prognostic Variables Predicting Long- Term Mortality
   After Ischemic Stroke. Aktuelle Neurologie, 15 (1), 9-14
Haass, A. (1989), Hemodilution in Stroke Makes Sense. Aktuelle Neurologie, 16 (6),
   213-219
Vonkummer, R. and Back, T. (1989), Hemodilution in Acute Ischemic Stroke -
   Pointless. Aktuelle Neurologie, 16 (6), 210-212
Hornig, C.R., Will, R. and Dorndorf, W. (1989), Ischemic Stroke and Nonvalvular
   Atrial-Fibrillation. Aktuelle Neurologie, 16 (6), 195-200
Oder, W., Kollegger, H., Dalbianco, P., Zeiler, K. and Deecke, L. (1990), Physical
   Inactivity - Risk Factor for Stroke. Aktuelle Neurologie, 17 (4), 103-106
Navari, R.M., Sheehy, T.W., Mclean, B.K. and Sutton, F.D. (1983), The
   Peripheral-Blood Smear in Heat-Stroke - An Aid to Diagnosis. Alabama Journal of
   Medical Sciences, 20 (2), 137-140
Taylor, J.R., Combsorme, T., Anderson, D., Taylor, D.A. and Koppenol, C. (1984),
   Alcohol, Hypertension, and Stroke. Alcoholism-Clinical and Experimental Research,
   8 (3), 283-286
Delisa, J.A., Mikulic, M.A., Melnick, R.R. and Miller, R.M. (1982), Stroke
   Rehabilitation .2. Recovery and Complications. American Family Physician, 26 (6),
   143-151
Delisa, J.A., Miller, R.M., Melnick, R.R. and Mikulic, M.A. (1982), Stroke
   Rehabilitation .1. Cognitive Deficits and Prediction of Outcome. American Family
   Physician, 26 (5), 207-214
Johnson, L.W. (1982), Preventing Heat-Stroke. American Family Physician, 26 (1),
   137-140
Freed, M.M. and Wainapel, S.F. (1983), Predictors of Stroke Outcome. American
   Family Physician, 28 (5), 119-123
Scherokman, B.J. and Hallenbeck, J.M. (1985), Management of Acute Stroke.
   American Family Physician, 31 (3), 190-199
Sheng, F.C.L. and Busuttil, R.W. (1986), Carotid Surgery in Stroke Prevention.
   American Family Physician, 33 (4), 109-124
Rothrock, J., Taft, B.J. and Lyden, P.D. (1987), A New Approach to Stroke
   Management. American Family Physician, 36 (4), 189-197
Quest, D.O. (1987), Carotid Endarterectomy for Stroke Prevention. American Family
   Physician, 35 (5), 185-191
Eichner, E.R. (1988), Alcohol, Stroke and Coronary-Artery Disease. American Family
   Physician, 37 (3), 217-221
Henze, E., Schelbert, H.R., Wisenberg, G., Ratib, O. and Schon, H. (1982), Assessment
   of Regurgitant Fraction and Right and Left- Ventricular Function at Rest and During
   Exercise - A New Technique for Determination of Right Ventricular Stroke Counts
   from Gated Equilibrium Blood Pool Studies. American Heart Journal, 104 (5),
   953-962
Loeppky, J.A., Hoekenga, D.E., Greene, E.R. and Luft, U.C. (1984), Comparison of
   Noninvasive Pulsed Doppler and Fick Measurements of Stroke Volume in Cardiac
   Patients. American Heart Journal, 107 (2), 339-346
Gillum, R.F., Fortmann, S.P., Prineas, R.J. and Kottke, T.E. (1984), International
   Diagnostic-Criteria for Acute Myocardial- Infarction and Acute Stroke. American
   Heart Journal, 108 (1), 150-158
Dubin, J., Wallerson, D.C., Cody, R.J. and Devereux, R.B. (1990), Comparative
   Accuracy of Doppler Echocardiographic Methods for Clinical Stroke Volume
   Determination. American Heart Journal, 120 (1), 116-123
Keywords: HEART
Smith, G.T. (1990), The Economics of Hypertension and Stroke. American Heart
   Journal, 119 (3), 725-728
Keywords: HEART
Wilson, S.K., Boitnott, J.K. and Heptinstall, R.H. (1981), The Effects of Heparin
   Treatment on Hypertension and Vascular- Lesions in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats. American Journal of Pathology, 102 (1), 62-71
Corya, B.C., Rasmussen, S., Phillips, J.F. and Black, M.J. (1981), Forward Stroke
   Volume Calculated from Aortic-Valve Echograms in Normal Subjects and Patients
   with Mitral Regurgitation Secondary to Left-Ventricular Dysfunction. American
   Journal of Cardiology, 47 (6), 1215-1222
Nagaoka, A., Kakihana, M., Suno, M. and Hamajo, K. (1981), Renal Hemodynamics
   and Sodium-Excretion in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. American
   Journal of Physiology, 241 (3), F244-F249
Laskarzewski, P., Morrison, J.A., Horvitz, R., Khoury, P., Kelly, K., Mellies, M. and
   Glueck, C.J. (1981), The Relationship of Parental History of Myocardial-Infarction,
   Hypertension, Diabetes and Stroke to Coronary Heart-Disease Risk-Factors in Their
   Adult Progeny. American Journal of Epidemiology, 113 (3), 290-306
Treiman, R.L., Cossman, D.V., Cohen, J.L., Foran, R.F. and Levin, P.M. (1981),
   Management of Postoperative Stroke After Carotid Endarterectomy. American
   Journal of Surgery, 142 (2), 236-238
Robinson, R.G. (1981), A Model for the Study of Stroke Using the Rat - Surgical
   Ligation of the Middle Cerebral-Artery in the Rat. American Journal of Pathology,
   104 (1), 103-105
Mehigan, J.T. and Olcott, C. (1981), Carotodynia Associated with Carotid
   Arterial-Disease and Stroke. American Journal of Surgery, 142 (2), 210-211
Hoang, D. (1981), Acupuncture Therapy for Paralysis Due to Stroke and Multiple-
   Sclerosis. American Journal of Acupuncture, 9 (2), 129-138
Tilton, C.N. and Maloof, M. (1982), Diagnosing the Problems in Stroke. American
   Journal of Nursing, 82 (4), 596-601
Imaizumi, T., Takeshita, A., Ashihara, T. and Nakamura, M. (1982), Salt Loading
   Augments Vascular-Responses to Indomethacin in Stroke-Prone Shr. American
   Journal of Physiology, 243 (3), H360-H364
Salonen, J.T., Puska, P. and Tuomilehto, J. (1982), Physical-Activity and Risk of
   Myocardial-Infarction, Cerebral Stroke and Death - A Longitudinal-Study in Eastern
   Finland. American Journal of Epidemiology, 115 (4), 526-537
Kaplan, J. and Hier, D.B. (1982), Visuospatial Deficits After Right-Hemisphere Stroke.
   American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 36 (5), 314-321
Sadoshima, S., Busija, D.W. and Heistad, D.D. (1983), Mechanisms of Protection
   Against Stroke in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. American Journal
   of Physiology, 244 (3), H406-H412
Bryan, R.N., Willcott, M.R., Schneiders, N.J. and Rose, J.E. (1983), Nmr Evaluation of
   Stroke in the Rat. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 4 (3), 242-244
Herman, B., Schmitz, P.I.M., Leyten, A.C.M., Vanluijk, J.H., Frenken, C.W.G.M.,
   Decoul, A.A.W.O. and Schulte, B.P.M. (1983), Multivariate Logistic Analysis of
   Risk-Factors for Stroke in Tilburg, the Netherlands. American Journal of
   Epidemiology, 118 (4), 514-525
Bartlett, A.A. and Braun, T.J. (1983), Death in A Hot Tub - the Physics of Heat-Stroke.
   American Journal of Physics, 51 (2), 127-132
Pulsinelli, W.A., Levy, D.E., Sigsbee, B., Scherer, P. and Plum, F. (1983), Increased
   Damage After Ischemic Stroke in Patients with Hyperglycemia with Or Without
   Established Diabetes-Mellitus. American Journal of Medicine, 74 (4), 540-544
Carter, L.T., Howard, B.E. and Oneil, W.A. (1983), Effectiveness of Cognitive Skill
   Remediation in Acute Stroke Patients. American Journal of Occupational Therapy,
   37 (5), 320-326
Parrish, M.D., Graham, T.P., Born, M.L., Jones, J.P., Boucek, R.J., Artman, M. and
   Partain, C.L. (1983), Radionuclide Stroke Count Ratios for Assessment of Right and
   Left-Ventricular Volume Overload in Children. American Journal of Cardiology, 51
   (2), 261-264
Hilal, S.K., Maudsley, A.A., Simon, H.E., Perman, W.H., Bonn, J., Mawad, M.E.,
   Silver, A.J., Ganti, S.R., Sane, P. and Chien, I.C. (1983), Invivo Nmr Imaging of
   Tissue Sodium in the Intact Cat Before and After Acute Cerebral Stroke. American
   Journal of Neuroradiology, 4 (3), 245-249
Barker, W.H., Feldt, K.S. and Feibel, J.H. (1983), Community Surveillance of Stroke in
   Persons Under 70 Years Old - Contribution of Uncontrolled Hypertension. American
   Journal of Public Health, 73 (3), 260-265
Cockburn, D.M. (1983), Signs and Symptoms of Stroke and Impending Stroke in A
   Series of Optometric Patients. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological
   Optics, 60 (9), 749-753
Fields, W.S. (1983), Aspirin for Prevention of Stroke - A Review. American Journal of
   Medicine, 74 (6A), 61-65
Loyke, H.F. (1983), Lowering of Blood-Pressure After Stroke. American Journal of the
   Medical Sciences, 286 (2), 2-11
Thornburg, K.L. and Morton, M.J. (1983), Filling and Arterial Pressures As
   Determinants of Rv Stroke Volume in the Sheep Fetus. American Journal of
   Physiology, 244 (5), H656-H663
Slinker, B.K., Campbell, K.B., Ringo, J.A., Klavano, P.A., Robinette, J.D. and
   Alexander, J.E. (1984), Mechanical Determinants of Transient Changes in Stroke
   Volume. American Journal of Physiology, 246 (3), H435-H447
Graber, J.N., Vollman, R.W., Johnson, W.C., Levine, H., Butler, R., Scott, R.M. and
   Nabseth, D.C. (1984), Stroke After Carotid Endarterectomy - Risk As Predicted by
   Preoperative Computerized-Tomography. American Journal of Surgery, 147 (4),
   492-497
Gelmers, H.J. (1985), Calcium-Channel Blockers - Effects on Cerebral Blood-Flow and
   Potential Uses for Acute Stroke. American Journal of Cardiology, 55 (3),
   B144-B148
Lipsey, J.R., Robinson, R.G., Pearlson, G.D., Rao, K. and Price, T.R. (1985), The
   Dexamethasone Suppression Test and Mood Following Stroke. American Journal of
   Psychiatry, 142 (3), 318-323
Virtamo, J., Valkeila, E., Alfthan, G., Punsar, S., Huttunen, J.K. and Karvonen, M.J.
   (1985), Serum Selenium and the Risk of Coronary Heart-Disease and Stroke.
   American Journal of Epidemiology, 122 (2), 276-282
[Anon]. (1985), Renal-Failure, Stroke, and Death in An Elderly Woman with
   Rheumatoid-Arthritis. American Journal of Medicine , 79 (6), 751-760
Klepzig, H., Standke, R., Nickelsen, T., Kunkel, B., Maul, F.D., Hor, G. and Kaltenbach,
   M. (1985), Combined 1St-Pass and Equilibrium Radionuclide Ventriculography and
   Comparison with Left-Ventricular Right Ventricular Stroke Count Ratio in Mitral
   and Aortic Regurgitation. American Journal of Cardiology, 55 (8), 1048-1053
Robinson, R.G., Lipsey, J.R., Bollawilson, K., Bolduc, P.L., Godfrey, B.A., Pearlson,
   D., Rao, K. and Price, T.R. (1985), Mood Disorders in Left-Handed Stroke Patients.
   American Journal of Psychiatry, 142 (12), 1424-1429
Sunagawa, K., Maughan, W.L. and Sagawa, K. (1985), Stroke Volume Effect of
   Changing Arterial Input Impedance Over Selected Frequency Ranges. American
   Journal of Physiology, 248 (4), H477-H484
Clancy, R., Malin, S., Laraque, D., Baumgart, S. and Younkin, D. (1985), Focal Motor
   Seizures Heralding Stroke in Full-Term Neonates. American Journal of Diseases of
   Children, 139 (6), 601-606
Trombly, C.A., Thayernason, L., Bliss, G., Girard, C.A., Lyrist, L.A. and Brexahooson,
   A. (1986), The Effectiveness of Therapy in Improving Finger Extension in Stroke
   Patients. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 40 (9), 612-617
Fields, W.S., Lemak, N.A. and Benmenachem, Y. (1986), Thoracic Outlet Syndrome -
   Review and Reference to Stroke in A Major-League Pitcher. American Journal of
   Roentgenology, 146 (4), 809-814
Sessler, F.M., Jokelainen, P.T., Sing, C.F., Strack, A.M. and Malvin, R.L. (1986), Renin
   Heterogeneity in Stroke-Prone Hypertensive and Normotensive Rats. American
   Journal of Physiology, 251 (4), E367-E372
Fields, W.S., Lemak, N.A. and Benmenachem, Y. (1986), Thoracic Outlet Syndrome -
   Review and Reference to Stroke in A Major-League Pitcher. American Journal of
   Neuroradiology, 7 (1), 73-78
Adelsberg, S. (1986), The Tennis Stroke - An Emg Analysis of Selected Muscles with
   Rackets of Increasing Grip Size. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 14 (2),
   139-142
Thornburg, K.L. and Morton, M.J. (1986), Filling and Arterial Pressures As
   Determinants of Left- Ventricular Stroke Volume in Fetal Lambs. American Journal
   of Physiology, 251 (5), H961-H968
Topol, E.J., Biern, R.O. and Reitz, B.A. (1986), Cardiac Papillary Fibroelastoma and
   Stroke - Echocardiographic Diagnosis and Guide to Excision. American Journal of
   Medicine, 80 (1), 129-132
Hermsmeyer, K. and Harder, D. (1986), Membrane Atpase Mechanism of K+-Return
   Relaxation in Arterial Muscles of Stroke-Prone Shr and Wky. American Journal of
   Physiology, 250 (4), C557-C562
Manganiello, A.J. (1986), Hypnotherapy in the Rehabilitation of A Stroke Victim - A
   Case- Study. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 29 (1), 64-68
Reed, D., Yano, K. and Kagan, A. (1986), Lipids and Lipoproteins As Predictors of
   Coronary Heart- Disease, Stroke, and Cancer in the Honolulu-Heart-Program.
   American Journal of Medicine, 80 (5), 871-878
Khaw, K.T. and Barrettconnor, E. (1986), Family History of Stroke As An Independent
   Predictor of Ischemic-Heart-Disease in Men and Stroke in Women. American
   Journal of Epidemiology, 123 (1), 59-66
Passarella, P. and Gee, Z. (1987), Starting Right After Stroke. American Journal of
   Nursing, 87 (6), 802-808
Zelenak, R.R. and Miller, K. (1987), Heat-Stroke New-Orleans Style. American Journal
   of the Medical Sciences, 294 (4), 268-274
Ihlen, H., Endresen, K., Myreng, Y. and Myhre, E. (1987), Reproducibility of Cardiac
   Stroke Volume Estimated by Doppler Echocardiography. American Journal of
   Cardiology, 59 (9), 975-978
Pattison, M.E., Logan, J.L., Lee, S.M. and Ogden, D.A. (1988), Exertional Heat-Stroke
   and Acute Renal-Failure in A Young Woman. American Journal of Kidney Diseases,
   11 (2), 184-187
Mayberg, H.S., Robinson, R.G., Wong, D.F., Parikh, R., Bolduc, P., Starkstein, S.E.,
   Price, T., Dannals, R.F., Links, J.M., Wilson, A.A., Ravert, H.T. and Wagner, H.N.
   (1988), Pet Imaging of Cortical S2-Serotonin Receptors After Stroke - Lateralized
   Changes and Relationship to Depression. American Journal of Psychiatry, 145 (8),
   937-943
Snowdon, D.A. (1988), Animal Product Consumption and Mortality Because of All
   Causes Combined, Coronary Heart-Disease, Stroke, Diabetes, and Cancer in
   7Th-Day Adventists. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 48 (3), 739-748
Barrettconnor, E. and Khaw, K.T. (1988), Diabetes-Mellitus - An Independent Risk
   Factor for Stroke. American Journal of Epidemiology, 128 (1), 116-123
Lee, W., Rokey, R. and Cotton, D.B. (1988), Noninvasive Maternal Stroke Volume and
   Cardiac-Output Determinations by Pulsed Doppler Echocardiography. American
   Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 158 (3), 505-510
Unger, E., Littlefield, J. and Gado, M. (1988), Water-Content and Water-Structure in Ct
   and Mr Signal Changes - Possible Influence in Detection of Early Stroke. American
   Journal of Neuroradiology, 9 (4), 687-691
Carter, L.T., Oliveira, D.O., Duponte, J. and Lynch, S.V. (1988), The Relationship of
   Cognitive Skills Performance to Activities of Daily Living in Stroke Patients.
   American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 42 (7), 449-455
Osberg, J.S., Mcginnis, G.E., Dejong, G., Seward, M.L. and Germaine, J. (1988),
   Long-Term Utilization and Charges Among Post-Rehabilitation Stroke Patients.
   American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 67 (2), 66-72
Osberg, J.S., Dejong, G., Haley, S.M., Seward, M.L., Mcginnis, G.E. and Germaine, J.
   (1988), Predicting Long-Term Outcome Among Post-Rehabilitation Stroke Patients.
   American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 67 (3), 94-103
Jongbloed, L., Stacey, S. and Brighton, C. (1989), Stroke Rehabilitation - Sensorimotor
   Integrative Treatment Versus Functional Treatment. American Journal of
   Occupational Therapy, 43 (6), 391-397
Rettig, R., Stauss, H., Folberth, C., Ganten, D., Waldherr, R. and Unger, T. (1989),
   Hypertension Transmitted by Kidneys from Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats. American Journal of Physiology, 257 (2), F197-F203
Ruchoux, M.M., Huguet, F., Droylefaix, M.T., Gelot, A., Ruchoux, P. and Autret, A.
   (1989), The Effect of Cicletanine on Cerebrovascular Injury in Stroke- Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. American Journal of Hypertension, 2 (9), 683-689
Bollawilson, K., Robinson, R.G., Starkstein, S.E., Boston, J. and Price, T.R. (1989),
   Lateralization of Dementia of Depression in Stroke Patients. American Journal of
   Psychiatry, 146 (5), 627-634
Aronow, W.S., Gutstein, H. and Hsieh, F.Y. (1989), Risk-Factors for Thromboembolic
   Stroke in Elderly Patients with Chronic Atrial-Fibrillation. American Journal of
   Cardiology, 63 (5), 366-367
Kaplan, N.M. (1989), Stroke and the Treatment of Hypertension. American Journal of
   Hypertension, 2 (10), 816-818
Lee, J., Malvin, R.L. and Jokelainen, P.T. (1989), Blood-Pressure and Acidic Renin
   Forms in Stroke-Prone Hypertensive Rats. American Journal of Physiology, 257 (2),
   F275-F279
Timerding, B.L., Barsan, W.G., Hedges, J.R., Brott, T.G., Vanligten, P.F., Spilker, J.A.
   and Olinger, C.P. (1989), Stroke Patient-Evaluation in the Emergency Department
   Before Pharmacologic Therapy. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 7 (1),
   11-15
Mysiw, W.J., Beegan, J.G. and Gatens, P.F. (1989), Prospective Cognitive Assessment
   of Stroke Patients Before Inpatient Rehabilitation - the Relationship of the Neuro-
   Behavioral Cognitive Status Examination to Functional Improvement. American
   Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 68 (4), 168-171
Sauter, A. and Rudin, M. (1989), Treatment of Hypertension with Isradipine Reduces
   Infarct Size Following Stroke in Laboratory-Animals. American Journal of
   Medicine, 86 (4A), 130-133
Horowitz, B.Z. (1989), The Golden Hour in Heat-Stroke - Use of Iced
   Peritoneal-Lavage. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 7 (6), 616-619
Indik, J.H. and Reed, K.L. (1990), Variation and Correlation in Human Fetal Umbilical
   Doppler Velocities with Fetal Breathing - Evidence of the Cardiac- Placental
   Connection. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 163 (6), 1792-1796.
Abstract: Doppler velocity waveforms in the human fetal umbilical vein and artery were
   analyzed during episodes of fetal breathing. Heart rate, systolic and diastolic
   velocities were measured from the umbilical artery waveform. Diastolic velocity
   varied the most with a mean (+/- SD) coefficient of variation of 16.0% +/- 5.0%. The
   coefficient of variation of systolic velocity was 7.8% +/- 2.4% and of heart rate was
   5.0% +/- 1.8%. We also found that umbilical arterial flow was related to umbilical
   venous flow, implying an interdependence between fetal cardiovascular blood flow
   and placental blood flow. During breathing, venous flow varies because of changes
   in intrathoracic pressure in the fetus. This variation in umbilical venous velocity may
   affect the umbilical arterial diastolic velocity through alterations in placental filling,
   and may affect the umbilical arterial systolic velocity through alterations in
   ventricular filling, which the the Frank- Starling mechanism changes stroke volume.
   The interdependency of umbilical venous and umbilical arterial blood flow velocities
   must be considered in the interpretation of the significance of umbilical artery
   Doppler velocity measurements
Keywords:               ARTERY/DOPPLER                    ULTRASONOGRAPHY/FETAL
   BREATHING/FLOW/HUMAN                          FETAL              CARDIOVASCULAR
   HEMODYNAMICS/UMBILICAL                                          ARTERY/UMBILICAL
   VEIN/VEIN/WAVEFORMS
Pollak, V.E., Glasgreenwalt, P., Olinger, C.P., Wadhwa, N.K. and Myre, S.A. (1990),
   Ancrod Causes Rapid Thrombolysis in Patients with Acute Stroke. American Journal
   of the Medical Sciences, 299 (5), 319-325
Bohannon, R.W. and Andrews, A.W. (1990), Shoulder Subluxation and Pain in Stroke
   Patients. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 44 (6), 507-509
Keywords: CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS/HEMIPLEGIA/RELIABILITY OF
   TESTS/THERAPY
Kadish, A.H., Kou, W.H., Schmaltz, S. and Morady, F. (1990), Effect of
   Atrioventricular Relationship on Ventricular Refractoriness in Humans. American
   Journal of Physiology, 259 (5), H1463-H1470.
Abstract: Right ventricular refractory periods obtained using atrial and ventricular
   pacing with an atrioventricular (AV) interval of 160 ms were compared with those
   obtained with an AV interval of 0 ms in a group of 53 patients. The mean right
   ventricular effective refractory periods were longer at an AV interval of 160 ms than
   at an AV interval of 0 ms at pacing cycle lengths of 600 (mean 2.5 +/- 1.8 ms
   difference) and 400 ms (mean 3.8 +/- 2.4 ms difference; P < 0.01). In a subset of 10
   patients, left ventricular volumes measured by two-dimensional echocardiography
   demonstrated that pacing with an AV interval of 160 ms was associated with a higher
   end-diastolic volume and stroke volume than pacing with an AV interval of 0 ms (P
   < 0.001). Autonomic blockade did not alter the relationship between AV interval and
   ventricular refractoriness. We conclude that 1) right ventricular refractory periods are
   shorter at an AV interval of 0 ms than at an AV interval of 160 ms; 2) these
   differences are not caused by changes in autonomic tone but are associated with
   differences in ventricular volumes; and 3) if precise determinations of ventricular
   refractoriness are desired, then the timing of atrial systole should be controlled by
   atrial pacing
Keywords: ATRIOVENTRICULAR INTERVAL/CONTRACTION-EXCITATION
   FEEDBACK/ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY/EXCITABILITY/INTERVAL/MYOCAR
   DIUM/PAPILLARY-MUSCLE/PHYSIOLOGICAL
Trimble, M., Bell, D.A., Brien, W., Hachinski, V., Okeefe, B., Mclay, C. and Black, J.
   (1990), The Antiphospholipid Syndrome - Prevalence Among Patients with Stroke
   and Transient Ischemic Attacks. American Journal of Medicine, 88 (6), 593-597
Keywords: NEW-YORK
Kornerbitensky, N., Mayo, N.E. and Kaizer, F. (1990), Change in Response-Time of
   Stroke Patients and Controls During Rehabilitation. American Journal of Physical
   Medicine & Rehabilitation, 69 (1), 32-38
Winberg, P. and Lundell, B.P.W. (1990), Left-Ventricular Stroke Volume and Output in
   Healthy Term Infants. American Journal of Perinatology, 7 (3), 223-226
Keywords: NEW-YORK
Moseley, M.E., Kucharczyk, J., Mintorovitch, J., Cohen, Y., Kurhanewicz, J., Derugin,
   N., Asgari, H. and Norman, D. (1990), Diffusion-Weighted Mr Imaging of Acute
   Stroke - Correlation with T2-Weighted and Magnetic Susceptibility-Enhanced Mr
   Imaging in Cats. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 11 (3), 423-429
Iso, H., Jacobs, D.R. and Goldman, L. (1990), Accuracy of Death Certificate Diagnosis
   of Intracranial Hemorrhage and Nonhemorrhagic Stroke - the Minnesota-Heart-
   Survey. American Journal of Epidemiology, 132 (5), 993-998
Osberg, J.S., Haley, S.M., Mcginnis, G.E. and Dejong, G. (1990), Characteristics of
   Cost Outliers Who Did Not Benefit from Stroke Rehabilitation. American Journal of
   Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 69 (3), 117-125
Breckwoldt, M., Wieacker, P. and Geisthovel, F. (1990), Oral Contraception in Disease
   States. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 163 (6), 2213-2216.
Abstract: Oral contraceptives are clearly contraindicated in patients with a history of
   thromboembolic disease, ischemic heart attack, or cerebral stroke. Patients requiring
   long-term anticoagulant treatment can be treated with gonadotropin- releasing
   hormone analogs to prevent ovulation, because ruptured follicles can cause massive
   intraperitoneal bleeding. Patients with essential hypertension and severe liver
   diseases should also discontinue treatment 4 weeks before major elective surgery.
   Migraine and diabetes mellitus are regarded as relative contraindications, depending
   on the individual situation. Long-term diseases, such as Crohn's disease, epilepsy,
   and sickle cell anemia, also require individualized consultation
Keywords:                  BLOOD-PRESSURE/DIABETES-MELLITUS/ESSENTIAL
   HYPERTENSION/ISCHEMIC                         HEART                ATTACKS/ORAL
   CONTRACEPTIVES/PILL/PREGNANCY/SEVERE                                          LIVER
   DISEASE/THROMBOEMBOLIC DISEASE
Takemoto, F., Miyanoshita, A., Shimamura, K., Sunano, S. and Endou, H. (1990),
   Intranephron Pge2 Production in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats.
   American Journal of Physiology, 258 (4), H987-H993
Keywords: PHYSIOLOGICAL
Breithaupt, K., Erb, K.A., Neumann, B., Wolf, G.K. and Belz, G.G. (1990), Comparison
   of 4 Noninvasive Techniques to Measure Stroke Volume - Dual-Beam Doppler
   Echoaortography, Electrical-Impedance Cardiography, Mechanosphygmography and
   M-Mode Echocardiography of the Left-Ventricle. American Journal of Noninvasive
   Cardiology, 4 (4), 203-209
Haire, W.D. and Newland, J.R. (1990), Protein-C Deficiency and Anticardiolipin
   Antibodies in A Family with Premature Stroke. American Journal of Hematology, 33
   (1), 61-63
Mcginnis, J.M. (1990), Prevention in 1989 - the State of the Nation. American Journal
   of Preventive Medicine, 6 (1), 1-5.
Abstract: Substantial gains have been made in the health of Americans since 1970,
   notably the 50% decline in infant mortality; the increase of nearly 4 years in life
   expectancy for both men and women; the declines in stroke and coronary heart
   disease mortality of 54% and 43%, respectively; the decline of injury deaths by about
   30%; and the decline in deaths from nontobacco related cancers by about 10%. These
   improvements in the overall national health profile have been accompanied by
   enhanced public awareness of the relationship between behavior and health outcomes
   as well as sustained behavior change among certain groups. On the other hand, the
   research advances of the last two decades have given the nation an even keener
   understanding of how short of our full potential we are falling. International
   comparisons as well as data on the status of minority and disadvantaged groups in
   the United States confirm some of these shortfalls-in particular with respect ot infant
   mortality, diabetes, motor vehicle deaths, suicide, and homicide. The complex
   etiologies of these problems require the forging of strong alliances with sectors
   outside the health arena, such as business and education, to seek solutions. [Am J
   Prev Med 1990;6:1-5]
Avis, N.E., Mckinlay, J.B. and Smith, K.W. (1990), Is Cardiovascular Risk Factor
   Knowledge Sufficient to Influence Behavior. American Journal of Preventive
   Medicine, 6 (3), 137-144.
Abstract: This paper examines the level of cardiovascular risk knowledge in the general
   population and the relationship between such knowledge and behavior. The
   following questions are addressed: (1) How informed is the general population about
   what persons can do to reduce their risk of cardiovascular disease? (2) How do
   sociodemographic factors, self-perceptions of health, and cardiovascular risk factors
   relate to knowledge? (3) Is there a relationship between knowledge and behavior? (4)
   What might explain apparent inconsistencies between knowledge and behavior? The
   data used in this paper derive from a random sample of 732 men and women form
   the greater Boston area. We assessed cardiovascular risk factor knowledge by asking
   respondents what specific steps a person could take to make a heart attack or stroke
   less likely. Risk factors (including physiological measures), sociodemographic
   factors, and self- perceptions of health also were measured. Results showed that
   respondents were most knowledgeable about the relationships of exercise and
   cholesterol to heart disease. Knowledge was related positively to education, being
   female, and exercising. When we compared knowledge with behavior, results
   showed that for smokers and those who were overweight, risk was related to
   awareness, thus suggesting that knowledge does not lead necessarily to risk-reducing
   behavior. Implications of these results in terms of education and prevention are
   discussed
Reed, D.M. (1990), The Paradox of High-Risk of Stroke in Populations with Low-Risk
   of Coronary Heart-Disease. American Journal of Epidemiology, 131 (4), 579-588
Keywords: HEART
Riegger, G.A.J., Elsner, D., Forssmann, W.G. and Kromer, E.P. (1990), Effects of
   Anp-(95-126) in Dogs Before and After Induction of Heart-Failure. American
   Journal of Physiology, 259 (6), H1643-H1648.
Abstract: In conscious dogs with and without congestive heart failure, we investigated
   hemodynamic, hormonal, and renal effects of a new natriuretic peptide
   [ANP-(95-126)]. Unlike ANP-(99-126), which is secreted in the heart and rapidly
   inactivated in the kidney, ANP-(95-126) most likely originates from the kidney and
   is not destroyed by proteolysis in membrane preparations of kidney cortex. In healthy
   animals intravenous ANP-(95-126) significantly decreased mean arterial pressure,
   cardiac output, stroke volume, and right atrial pressure and increased heart rate
   without changing mean pulmonary arterial pressure and total peripheral vascular
   resistance. In dogs with congestive heart failure, ANP-(95-126) showed no effects on
   mean arterial pressure, cardiac output, stroke volume, and peripheral vascular
   resistance but reduced right atrial pressure and pulmonary arterial pressure. Both, in
   dogs before and after the induction of heart failure, the new peptide led to a
   significant increase of urine flow and sodium and chloride excretion. In healthy dogs
   there were indirect indications for a small inhibitory effect on renin and aldosterone
   secretion. Thus, in contrast to the considerable attenuation of renal effects of
   ANP-(99-126) in heart failure, the efficacy of ANP- (95-126) on renal excretory
   function is well preserved, which may be because of the lack of proteolytic
   degradation in the kidney. These results suggest that ANP-(95-126) may have
   clinical implications for the treatment of patients with congestive heart failure
Keywords:           ALDOSTERONE                SYSTEM/ATRIAL               NATRIURETIC
   FACTOR/KIDNEY/KIDNEY                  CORTEX           MEMBRANES/NATRIURETIC
   PEPTIDE/PEPTIDE INFUSION/PHYSIOLOGICAL/PLASMA-LEVELS/RENAL
   EXCRETORY                              FUNCTION/RENIN/SYMPATHETIC-NERVE
   ACTIVITY/URODILATIN
Ram, C.V.S. (1990), Antiatherosclerotic and Vasculo-Protective Actions of Calcium-
   Antagonists. American Journal of Cardiology, 66 (21), I29-I32.
Abstract: Treatment of hypertension may prevent many of the complications
   attributable to blood pressure elevation, particularly those that are "pressure-related,"
   such as stroke. However, the atherosclerotic complications of hypertension, e.g.,
   coronary artery disease manifested as coronary morbidity and mortality, have not
   been reduced significantly with antihypertensive therapy. This disappointing
   outcome may reflect the adverse metabolic effects of the traditional therapies,
   diuretics and beta blockers, and their lack of specific vasoprotective properties.
   Increasing attention is thus being paid to the newer antihypertensive agents, which
   typically have fewer adverse effects and perhaps more physiologic mechanisms of
   antihypertensive action. Since calcium plays a key role in the genesis of
   atherosclerosis, calcium antagonists may positively affect the course of vascular
   disease. Investigators have observed that calcium antagonists display clear
   antiatherosclerotic properties in experimental as well as clinical studies. In one
   recently published clinical study, coronary artery disease was shown to develop more
   slowly, with a slower progression of individual stenoses, higher regression rate and
   less frequent occurrence of new lesions in patients treated chronically with verapamil
   compared to those receiving conventional therapies. Other similar investigations are
   currently under way to evaluate the antiatherogenic properties of calcium anatgonists,
   including the Frankfurt Isoptin Progression Study (FIPS), the Multicenter Isradipine
   Diuretic Atherosclerosis Study (MIDAS), the International Nifedipine Trial on
   Atherosclerosis Coronary Therapy (INTACT), and the large-scale Montreal Heart
   Institute Study. Results of these studies, which use precise end points such as
   myocardial infraction, cerebral infarction and peripheral vascular disease, may
   revolutionize the treatment of hypertension by identifying therapeutic approaches
   that control both the pressure-related and atherosclerotic complications of the disease
Keywords:            ATHEROGENESIS/ATHEROSCLEROSIS/CHOLESTEROL-FED
   RABBITS/NEW-YORK/NIFEDIPINE/SUPPRESSION/VERAPAMIL
Jernigan, W.R. and Hamman, J.L. (1982), The Causes and Prevention of Stroke
   Associated with Carotid- Artery Surgery. American Surgeon, 48 (2), 79-84
Prioleau, W.H., Voegele, L.D. and Hairston, P. (1985), The Lucid Interval in Stroke
   Following Carotid Endarterectomy. American Surgeon, 51 (2), 114-115
Bunt, T.J. and Haynes, J.L. (1985), Carotid Endarterectomy - One Solution to the
   Stroke Problem. American Surgeon, 51 (2), 61-69
Gutierrez, I.Z., Barone, D.L., Makula, P.A. and Currier, C. (1987), The Risk of
   Perioperative Stroke in Patients with Asymptomatic Carotid Bruits Undergoing
   Peripheral Vascular-Surgery. American Surgeon, 53 (9), 487-489
Bunt, T.J. and Cropper, L. (1987), The Role of Complete Cerebral-Angiography in the
   Evaluation of Patients with Prior Stroke. American Surgeon, 53 (2), 77-79
Edwards, W.H., Jenkins, J.M., Edwards, W.H. and Mulherin, J.L. (1988), Prevention of
   Stroke During Carotid Endarterectomy. American Surgeon, 54 (3), 125-128
Lawhorne, T.W. (1988), 100 Consecutive Carotid Endarterectomies Without A Death
   Or A Stroke. American Surgeon, 54 (3), 153-155
Vanheerden, P.V. and Collins, C.H. (1989), Heat-Stroke - An Uncommon Presentation.
   Anaesthesia, 44 (8), 660-662
Scherer, R. (1986), The Anesthetic Mishap - A Stroke of Fate Or Human Failure.
   Anasthesiologie & Intensivmedizin, 27 (12), 365-369
Coyle, P. (1987), Dorsal Cerebral Collaterals of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats (Shrsp) and Wistar Kyoto Rats (Wky). Anatomical Record, 218
   (1), 40-44
Martin, R.W. and Bashein, G. (1989), Measurement of Stroke Volume with
   3-Dimensional Trans- Esophageal Ultrasonic-Scanning - Comparison with
   Thermodilution Measurement. Anesthesiology, 70 (3), 470-476
Pagel, P.S., Kampine, J.P., Schmeling, W.T. and Warltier, D.C. (1990), Effects of
   Nitrous-Oxide on Myocardial-Contractility As Evaluated by the Preload Recruitable
   Stroke Work Relationship in Chronically Instrumented Dogs. Anesthesiology, 73 (6),
   1148-1157
Pagel, P.S., Kampine, J.P., Schmeling, W.T. and Warltier, D.C. (1990), Comparison of
   End-Systolic Pressure Length Relations and Preload Recruitable Stroke Work As
   Indexes of Myocardial- Contractility in the Conscious and Anesthetized, Chronically
   Instrumented Dog. Anesthesiology, 73 (2), 278-290
Weintraub, M.I. (1985), Methysergide (Sanser) Treatment in Acute Stroke Community
   Pilot-Study. Angiology, 36 (3), 137-142
Parnetti, L., Mercuri, M., Susta, A., Lupattelli, G., Ciuffetti, G. and Senin, U. (1988),
   Extracranial Carotid Atherosclerosis Evaluation and Stroke Occurrence - Role of the
   Echotomographic Analysis. Angiology, 39 (8), 705-713
Ciuffetti, G., Mercuri, M., Parnetti, L., Lupattelli, G. and Senin, U. (1988),
   Hemorheologic Factors in the Postacute Phase of Ischemic Stroke. Angiology, 39 (5),
   437-448
Mercuri, M., Orecchini, G., Susta, A., Tazza, D. and Ciuffetti, G. (1989), Correlation
   Between Hemorheologic Parameters and Carotid Atherosclerosis in Stroke.
   Angiology, 40 (4), 283-286
Ciuffetti, G., Aisa, G., Mercuri, M., Lombardini, R., Paltriccia, R., Neri, C. and Senin,
   U. (1990), Effects of Ticlopidine on the Neurologic Outcome and the Hemorheologic
   Pattern in the Postacute Phase of Ischemic Stroke - A Pilot-Study. Angiology, 41 (7),
   505-511
Saygi, S., Bolay, H., Tekkok, I.H., Cila, A. and Zileli, T. (1990), Fibromuscular
   Dysplasia of the Basilar Artery - A Case with Brain-Stem Stroke. Angiology, 41 (8),
   658-661
Rosenbaum, D.M., Grotta, J.C., Yatsu, F.M., Picone, C.M., Pettigrew, L.C., Bratina, P.,
   Zabramski, J., Spetzler, R., Lopez, L., Marler, J. and Ellis, D. (1990), Pilot-Study of
   Nicardipine for Acute Ischemic Stroke. Angiology, 41 (11), 1017-1022
Germain, P., Baruthio, J., Mossard, J.M., Wecker, D., Chambron, J. and Sacrez, A.
   (1989), Comparison Between the Left-Ventricular Stroke Volumes and Fractions
   Measured with Mri and Contrast Ventriculography. Annales de Cardiologie et D
   Angeiologie, 38 (6), 319-325
Perrigot, M., Bergego, C., Hocini, A. and Pierrotdeseilligny, E. (1982), The Shoulder
   Hand Syndrome During Stroke. Annales de Medecine Interne, 133 (8), 544-548
Nucci, C.A., Mazzetti, C., Rachidi, F. and Ianoz, M. (1988), Analysis of
   Electromagnetic-Field Originated by Lightning Return Stroke in the Time and
   Frequency-Domain.         Annales       des       Telecommunications-Annals          of
   Telecommunications, 43 (11-12), 625-637
Wilson, M.F., Sung, B.H., Pincomb, G.A. and Lovallo, W.R. (1989), Simultaneous
   Measurement of Stroke Volume by Impedance Cardiography and Nuclear
   Ventriculography - Comparisons at Rest and Exercise. Annals of Biomedical
   Engineering, 17 (5), 475-482
Hatano, S., Minowa, M., Omura, T., Nagai, M., Fujita, T., Takeuchi, K. and Tsukamoto,
   M. (1984), Stroke Mortality and Proportional Expenditure on Selected Food Items in
   Japanese Communities. Annals of Clinical Research, 16 163-169
Benvenga, S., Morgante, L., Bartalena, L., Manna, L., Calzi, L.L., Coraci, M.A. and
   Trimarchi, F. (1986), Serum Thyroid-Hormones and Thyroid-Hormone
   Binding-Proteins in Patients with Completed Stroke. Annals of Clinical Research, 18
   (4), 203-207
Slovis, C.M., Anderson, G.F. and Casolaro, A. (1982), Survival in A Heat-Stroke
   Victim with A Core Temperature in Excess of 46.5-C. Annals of Emergency
   Medicine, 11 (5), 269-271
Barber, F., Rosen, P. and Okin, T. (1982), Atrial-Myxoma Presenting As Stroke. Annals
   of Emergency Medicine, 11 (6), 316-318
Chobanian, S.J. (1983), Jaundice Occurring After Resolution of Heat-Stroke. Annals of
   Emergency Medicine, 12 (2), 102-103
Brott, T., Haley, E.C., Levy, D.E., Barsan, W.G., Reed, R.L., Olinger, C.P. and Marler,
   J.R. (1988), The Investigational Use of Tpa for Stroke. Annals of Emergency
   Medicine, 17 (11), 1202-1205
Delzoppo, G.J. (1988), Investigational Use of Tpa in Acute Stroke. Annals of
   Emergency Medicine, 17 (11), 1196-1201
Duke, R.J., Bloch, R.F., Turpie, A.G.G., Trebilcock, R. and Bayer, N. (1986),
   Intravenous Heparin for the Prevention of Stroke Progression in Acute Partial Stable
   Stroke - A Randomized Controlled Trial. Annals of Internal Medicine, 105 (6),
   825-828
Kaku, D.A. and Lowenstein, D.H. (1990), Emergence of Recreational Drug-Abuse As
   A Major Risk Factor for Stroke in Young-Adults. Annals of Internal Medicine, 113
   (11), 821-827
Hillbom, M. and Kaste, M. (1990), Alcohol-Abuse and Brain Infarction. Annals of
   Medicine, 22 (5), 347-352.
Abstract: Recent findings on the relation between alcohol abuse and ischaemic brain
   infarction are reviewed. Much of the association has hitherto been explained by the
   effects of confounding factors such as smoking. Alcohol increases blood pressure in
   both hypertensive and normotensive subjects and alcohol induced hypertension
   enhances the risk of both hemorrhagic and ischaemic strokes. Analysis of case
   histories shows that alcohol abuse has precipitated cerebral embolism in conjunction
   with cardiac diseases including alcoholic cardiomyopathy and paradoxical embolism
   due to deep vein thrombosis via atrial septal defect. Among young adults, falling
   when intoxicated with alcohol has caused traumatic dissection of the carotid artery
   and consequent brain infarction. Alcohol may predispose individuals to cerebral
   embolism, thrombosis and ischaemia via its effects on the coagulation cascade,
   platelet count and function and contractility of the cerebral vessels. Further studies
   are needed to prove that these mechanisms are significant and to identify any other
   mechanisms which may mediate the risk associated with alcohol abuse. On the basis
   of current data, alcohol should be considered as an independent risk factor for
   ischaemic cerebral infarction in young adults
Keywords:                 ALCOHOL/ARTERIAL                        DISSECTION/BRAIN
   INFARCTION/CAROTID-ARTERY/CEREBRAL
   INFARCTION/CONSUMPTION/EMBOLISM/ETHANOL
   INTOXICATION/HYPERTENSION/ISCHEMIC                                STROKE/MEN/RISK
   FACTOR/SLEEP-APNEA/SMOKING/URBAN MEDICAL-CENTERS/YOUNG-
   ADULTS
Finklestein, S., Benowitz, L.I., Baldessarini, R.J., Arana, G.W., Levine, D., Woo, E.,
   Bear, D., Moya, K. and Stoll, A.L. (1982), Mood, Vegetative Disturbance, and
   Dexamethasone Suppression Test After Stroke. Annals of Neurology, 12 (5), 463-468
Tencate, H., Henny, C.P., Buller, H.R., Tencate, J.W. and Magnani, H.N. (1984), Use of
   A Heparinoid in Patients with Hemorrhagic Stroke and Thromboembolic Disease.
   Annals of Neurology, 15 (3), 268-270
Ackerman, R.H., Alpert, N.M., Correia, J.A., Finklestein, S., Davis, S.M., Kelley, R.E.,
   Donnan, G.A., Dalton, J.G. and Taveras, J.M. (1984), Positron Imaging in Ischemic
   Stroke Disease. Annals of Neurology, 15 S126-S130
Dewitt, L.D., Buonanno, F.S., Kistler, J.P., Brady, T.J., Pykett, I.L., Goldman, M.R. and
   Davis, K.R. (1984), Nuclear Magnetic-Resonance Imaging in Evaluation of Clinical
   Stroke Syndromes. Annals of Neurology, 16 (5), 535-545
Caplan, L.R., Dcruz, I., Hier, D.B., Reddy, H. and Shah, S. (1986), Atrial Size,
   Atrial-Fibrillation, and Stroke. Annals of Neurology, 19 (2), 158-161
Davis, P.H., Dambrosia, J.M., Schoenberg, B.S., Schoenberg, D.G., Pritchard, D.A.,
   Lilienfeld, A.M. and Whisnant, J.P. (1987), Risk-Factors for Ischemic Stroke - A
   Prospective-Study in Rochester, Minnesota. Annals of Neurology, 22 (3), 319-327
Germano, I.M., Pitts, L.H., Meldrum, B.S., Bartkowski, H.M. and Simon, R.P. (1987),
   Kynurenate Inhibition of Cell Excitation Decreases Stroke Size and Deficits. Annals
   of Neurology, 22 (6), 730-734
Homer, D., Whisnant, J.P. and Schoenberg, B.S. (1987), Trends in the Incidence Rates
   of Stroke in Rochester, Minnesota, Since 1935. Annals of Neurology, 22 (2), 245-251
Whisnant, J.P. (1987), Does Carotid Endarterectomy Decrease Stroke and Death in
   Patients with Transient Ischemic Attacks. Annals of Neurology, 22 (1), 72-76
Natowicz, M. and Kelley, R.I. (1987), Mendelian Etiologies of Stroke. Annals of
   Neurology, 22 (2), 175-192
Futrell, N., Watson, B.D., Dietrich, W.D., Prado, R., Millikan, C. and Ginsberg, M.D.
   (1988), A New Model of Embolic Stroke Produced by Photochemical Injury to the
   Carotid-Artery in the Rat. Annals of Neurology, 23 (3), 251-257
Powers, W.J., Tempel, L.W. and Grubb, R.L. (1989), Influence of Cerebral
   Hemodynamics on Stroke Risk - One-Year Follow-Up of 30 Medically Treated
   Patients. Annals of Neurology, 25 (4), 325-330
Ewing, J.R., Brown, G.C., Gdowski, J.W., Simkins, R., Levine, S.R. and Welch, K.M.A.
   (1989), Stroke Risk and Age do Not Predict Behavioral Activation of Brain
   Blood-Flow. Annals of Neurology, 25 (6), 571-576
Phillips, D.A., Fisher, M., Smith, T.W., Davis, M.A. and Pang, R.H.L. (1989), The
   Effects of A New Tissue Plasminogen-Activator Analog, Fb- Fb-Cf, on Cerebral
   Reperfusion in A Rabbit Embolic Stroke Model. Annals of Neurology, 25 (3),
   281-285
Sacco, R.L., Ellenberg, J.H., Mohr, J.P., Tatemichi, T.K., Hier, D.B., Price, T.R. and
   Wolf, P.A. (1989), Infarcts of Undetermined Cause - the Nincd Stroke Data-Bank.
   Annals of Neurology, 25 (4), 382-390
Macdonell, R.A.L., Donnan, G.A. and Bladin, P.F. (1989), A Comparison of
   Somatosensory Evoked and Motor Evoked- Potentials in Stroke. Annals of
   Neurology, 25 (1), 68-73
Bogousslavsky, J., Vanmelle, G. and Regli, F. (1989), Middle Cerebral-Artery Pial
   Territory Infarcts - A Study of the Lausanne Stroke Registry. Annals of Neurology,
   25 (6), 555-560
Park, Y.D., Belman, A.L., Kim, T.S., Kure, K., Llena, J.F., Lantos, G., Bernstein, L.
   and         Dickson,        D.W.        (1990),      Stroke        in       Pediatric
   Acquired-Immunodeficiency-Syndrome. Annals of Neurology, 28 (3), 303-311
Keywords: SEP
Simon, R. and Shiraishi, K. (1990), N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Antagonist Reduces Stroke
   Size and Regional Glucose-Metabolism. Annals of Neurology, 27 (6), 606-611
Heimlich, H.J. (1983), Rehabilitation of Swallowing After Stroke. Annals of Otology
   Rhinology and Laryngology, 92 (4), 357-359
Yuan, R.T.W. (1988), A Case of Invoking A Scot Economy Or 7-In-A-Stroke. Annals
   of Plastic Surgery, 20 (5), 481-484
Alharthi, S.S., Eldeane, M.S.S., Akhtar, J. and Alnozha, M.M. (1989),
   Hemodynamic-Changes and Intravascular Hydration State in Heat- Stroke. Annals of
   Saudi Medicine, 9 (4), 378-383
Bernstein, E.F., Humber, P.B., Collins, G.M., Dilley, R.B., Devin, J.B. and Stuart, S.H.
   (1983), Life Expectancy and Late Stroke Following Carotid Endarterectomy. Annals
   of Surgery, 198 (1), 80-86
Moore, D.J., Miles, R.D., Gooley, N.A. and Sumner, D.S. (1985), Noninvasive
   Assessment of Stroke Risk in Asymptomatic and Nonhemispheric Patients with
   Suspected Carotid Disease - 5-Year Follow-Up of 294 Unoperated and 81 Operated
   Patients. Annals of Surgery, 202 (4), 491-504
Bernstein, E.F. and Browse, N.L. (1989), The Chat Classification of Stroke. Annals of
   Surgery, 209 (2), 242-248
Bernstein, E.F., Torem, S. and Dilley, R.B. (1990), Does Carotid Restenosis Predict An
   Increased Risk of Late Symptoms, Stroke, Or Death. Annals of Surgery, 212 (5),
   629-636
Kibata, M. and Higuchi, Y. (1982), Serum Alpha-Tocopherol, Co-Enzyme Q, and
   Thiobarbituric Acid- Reactive Substance in Acute Myocardial Damage and Stroke.
   Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 393 (SEP), 179-182
Miller, S.T., Rao, S.P., Jensen, D. and Brown, A.K. (1989), Is Chronic Transfusion
   Necessary to Prevent Recurrent Stroke in Children with Sickle-Cell Disease. Annals
   of the New York Academy of Sciences, 565 435-437
Turpie, A.G.G., Bloch, R. and Duke, R. (1989), Heparin in the Treatment of
   Thromboembolic Stroke. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 556 406-415
Nelson, E. (1990), Current Use of Antiplatelet Drugs in Stroke Syndromes in the Usa.
   Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 598 368-375
Keywords:                       ASPIRIN/NEW-YORK/PREVENTION/RANDOMIZED
   TRIAL/THROMBOEMBOLIC STROKE/TICLOPIDINE
Asherson, R.A., Mercey, D., Phillips, G., Sheehan, N., Gharavi, A.E., Harris, E.N. and
   Hughes, G.R.V. (1987), Recurrent Stroke and Multiinfarct Dementia in Systemic
   Lupus- Erythematosus - Association with Antiphospholipid Antibodies. Annals of
   the Rheumatic Diseases, 46 (8), 605-611
Gardner, T.J., Horneffer, P.J., Manolio, T.A., Pearson, T.A., Gott, V.L., Baumgartner,
   W.A., Borkon, A.M., Watkins, L. and Reitz, B.A. (1985), Stroke Following
   Coronary-Artery Bypass-Grafting - A 10-Year Study. Annals of Thoracic Surgery,
   40 (6), 574-581
Neils, J., Jacobson, G.P. and Privitera, M. (1989), Computerized Eeg Topography and
   Recovery from Stroke. Aphasiology, 3 (6), 539-551
Gao, S. and Benson, D.F. (1990), Aphasia After Stroke in Native Chinese Speakers.
   Aphasiology, 4 (1), 31-43
Kania, N. (1983), Advance Outlet Modification on A Small Port-Controlled 2-Stroke
   Engine with the Goal of Noise-Reduction. Applied Acoustics, 16 (2), 79-93
Kania, N. (1986), Description of Real Behavior of Airborne Noise in A 2-Stroke
   Crankase-Scavenged Motor Using A Linear Replacement Model. Applied Acoustics,
   19 (3), 225-241
Wyatt, J.M., Cain, R.B. and Higgins, I.J. (1987), Formation from Synthetic 2-Stroke
   Lubricants and Degradation of 2-Ethylhexanol by Lakewater Bacteria. Applied
   Microbiology and Biotechnology, 25 (6), 558-567
Ohye, C., Shibazaki, T., Hirai, T., Kawashima, Y., Hirato, M. and Matsumura, M.
   (1985), Plastic Change of Thalamic Organization in Patients with Tremor After
   Stroke. Applied Neurophysiology, 48 (1-6), 288-292
Prins, R.S., Schoonen, R. and Vermeulen, J. (1989), Efficacy of 2 Different Types of
   Speech-Therapy for Aphasic Stroke Patients. Applied Psycholinguistics, 10 (1),
   85-123
Unger, T., Moursi, M.G., Lebrun, C., Ganten, D. and Lang, R.E. (1986),
   Antihypertensive Action and Inhibition of Tissue Converting Enzyme (Ce) by
   Ramipril, Perindopril and Enalapril in Stroke- Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive
   Rats (Shrsp). Archives des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux, 79 (6), 971-974
Coutard, M. and Osbornepellegrin, M. (1987), Study of the Formation of Spontaneous
   and Bapn-Induced Disruptions in the Arterial Elastica Interna of Spontaneously
   Hypertensive, Stroke-Prone Rats. Archives des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux,
   80 (6), 783-787
Ruchoux, M.M., Droylefaix, M.T., Bakri, F., Berthet, P., Bosquet, D. and Lhuintre, Y.
   (1989), The Effects of Cicletanine, A New Hypertensive Compound, on the Vessel
   Lesions of the Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (Shr-Sp). Archives des
   Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux, 82 (7), 1163-1168
Ruchoux, M.M., Droylefaix, M.T., Bakri, F., Berthet, P., Bosquet, D. and Lhuintre, Y.
   (1989), The Effects of Cicletanine on Hypertensive Retinopathy in
   Stroke-Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (Shr-Sp). Archives des Maladies du Coeur
   et des Vaisseaux, 82 (7), 1281-1284
Devereux, R.B. (1990), The Relation Between Left-Ventricular Mass and Prognosis in
   Hypertension. Archives des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux, 83 51-57.
Abstract: Echocardiographic measurement of left ventricular mass has provided a way
   of evaluating the undesirable effects of high blood pressure on the heart in the same
   way as for obesity, excess salt intake and blood hyperviscosity. Recently, the left
   ventricular mass was shown to correlate (r = 0.81) with the hemodynamic stimuli of
   blood pressure, stroke volume and left ventricular contractility. Prospective trials at
   Cornell and Framingham indicate that left ventricular mass is a powerful predictive
   factor of the risk of complications in hypertension. In the first of these trials, we
   demonstrated in a 5 year follow-up study of 140 men with uncomplicated
   hypertension that the incidence of death, myocardial infraction or angina requiring
   myocardial revascularisation, was four times greater in patients with increased left
   ventricular mass and that this association was independant of the blood pressure
   levels. Then, in a 10 year follow-up study of hypertensive patients of both sexes, we
   established that the left ventricular mass was the most powerful predictive factor of
   mortality and morbidity and that this was so marked (15 % death rate in subjects with
   LVH vs 1 % in subjects with normal left ventricular mass-p < 0.00001 -,
   cardiovascular accidents in 26 % of subjects with LVH compared with 12 % in
   subjects with normal left ventricular mass - p < 0.0001) that only left ventricular
  mass and age were independant predictive factors of morbid events in multiple
  variable analysis. In the Framingham study, the frequency of coronary events in a 4
  year follow-up period of healthy subjects from the original cohort (average age 69
  years) was significantly related to the left ventricular mass and independant of other
  risk factors. This relationship was even more striking in hypertensive subjects whose
  4 year incidence of morbid events was much greater in the 25 % with the highest left
  ventricular mass than in the 25 % with the lowest left ventricular mass in both sexes
  (men: 20 % vs 3 %; women: 11 % vs 2 %). More recently, it has been shown that left
  ventricular mass also allows prediction of the risk of death, independantly of the
  classical risk factors in middle age subjects as in the more elderly Framingham
  population. Therefore, the left ventricular mass allows an assessment of the
  undesirable effects of hypertension and other stimuli on the heart and provides a
  means of evaluating the prognosis in hypertension. The left ventricular mass would
  seem to be a better way of predicting the complications of hypertension than the
  blood presure or the other risk factors
Keywords:                                             ARCH/ARRHYTHMIAS/BLOOD-
  PRESSURE/CORONARY-OCCLUSION/DOGS/ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC
  ASSESSMENT/HYPERTROPHY/PREVALENCE/RISK
Osugi, S., Shimamura, K. and Sunano, S. (1990), Decreased Modulation by
  Endothelium of Noradrenaline-Induced Contractions in Aorta from Stroke-Prone
  Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et
  de Therapie, 305 86-99
Keywords: ARCH
Shapiro, P.E. and Braun, C.W. (1987), Unilateral Pruritus After A Stroke. Archives of
  Dermatology, 123 (11), 1527-1530
Ghose, K. and Sandle, L. (1985), Serum Creatine-Kinase Activity in the Elderly
  Following A Stroke. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 4 (2), 163-167
Nagaoka, A., Kakihana, M. and Fujiwara, K. (1989), Effects of Idebenone on
  Neurological Deficits Following Cerebrovascular Lesions in Stroke-Prone
  Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 8 (3),
  203-212
Suno, M., Shibota, M. and Nagaoka, A. (1989), Effects of Idebenone on
  Lipid-Peroxidation and Hemolysis in Erythrocytes of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
  Hypertensive Rats. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 8 (3), 307-311
Lustyik, G., Szallasi, Z., Casoli, T. and Zsnagy, I. (1990), Effects of Idebenone on the
  Intracellular Water and Dry Mass Content As Well As of the Intracellular
  Monovalent Ion Concentrations of Brain Cortical-Cells of Shrsp Rats As Revealed
  by X-Ray-Microanalysis. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 11 (3), 267-276.
Abstract: The cerebral cortex of ten male SHRsp rats kept in conventional housing
  conditions were studied. Starting from the age of 3 months, five animals received
  placebo (5% gum arabic solution) and five other rats received 50 mg/kg idebenone
  suspended in the gum arabic, through a gastric tube for 4 weeks (except Sundays).
  During the last 2 weeks of treatment, 0.9% NaCl was added to the drinking water.
  Several completely untreated SHRsp rats of various ages were also involved in these
  studies. Blood pressure was measured weekly on the tail by means of an appropriate
  instrument. Serious hypertension was observed already by the end of the second
  week of treatment, displaying values of 250-260 mm Hg, and increased further by
  about 20 mm Hg during the last 2 weeks of treatment. Intracellular water, dry mass
  and monovalent electrolyte concentrations were measured by means of a bulk
  specimen X-ray microanalytic method. The brain cells contained 77 +/- 1% water
   and 23% dry mass by weight in both placebo and verum-treated groups. The
   intracellular Na+ content of all the male SHRsp rats was found to be significantly
   higher (180-200%) in the brain cells, whereas K+ content increased only moderately,
   when expressed as percent of the intracellular dry mass. Idebenone treatment,
   however, lowered the intracellular Na+ content of the brain cells to a significant
   extent (about 20%), i.e., it improved the Na+ tolerance of the SHRsp rats, but did not
   alter the blood pressure
Keywords:        ARCH/BLOOD            PRESSURE/BULK            SPECIMEN         X-RAY
   MICROANALYSIS/BULK                                   SPECIMENS/HYPERTENSION
   (RAT)/IDEBENONE/INTRACELLULAR                     DRY      MASS/INTRACELLULAR
   MONOVALENT ELECTROLYTE CONCENTRATIONS/INTRACELLULAR
   WATER/K+/LESIONS/LIVER/SHRSP                               RATS/SPONTANEOUSLY
   HYPERTENSIVE RATS/STROKE
Ladurner, G., Schimke, H., Wranek, U. and Klimesch, W. (1990), The Value of P300 in
   the Diagnosis of Cognitive Impairment in Stroke. Archives of Gerontology and
   Geriatrics, 10 (1), 1-8
Keywords: ARCH
Lustyik, G., Nagy, K., Szallasi, Z. and Zsnagy, I. (1990), The Effect of Idebenone on
   the Total Content and Solubility Characteristics of Proteins and Osmometric
   Behavior of the Intracellular Mass in Brain of Cfy and Shrsp Rats. Archives of
   Gerontology and Geriatrics, 11 (3), 277-284.
Abstract: Female CFY rats (21 months old) and male spontaneously hypertensive,
   stroke-prone (SHRsp) rats (3 months old), in conventional housing conditions,
   received placebo (5% gum arabic solution) or 50 mg/kg bw/day idebenone
   suspended in 5% gum arabic, through a gastric tube for 5 weeks; then their brains
   were elaborated as follows: (1) Total proteins as well as water-soluble and
   water-insoluble proteins (WSP and WIP, respectively) were separated from the brain
   homogenate by centrifugation at 500 x g. The WIP fractions were tested also in vitro
   by heat denaturation at 64-degrees-C (10 min) and by 3 M urea treatment. In the
   placebo group of CFY rats the total protein content was 113.9 mg per g fresh weight.
   WIP amounted to 27.2% of the total proteins. Idebenone-treatment did not alter the
   protein composition in these old rats. In the SHRsp rats the total protein content of
   the brain cortex was almost identical with that of the normal, Wistar-derived CFY
   rats of much more advanced age (about 2 years). The idebenone- treatment did not
   alter the protein content of the brain cortex, although the WIP content and the
   heat-resistant fraction of it increased significantly in this strain. (2) The osmotic
   potential of brain tissue was determined by measuring swelling or shrinkage
   velocities in Ringer solution, the osmotic concentration of which was rendered hypo-
   or hyperosmotic by dilution or addition of polyethylene glycol (PEG 6000),
   respectively. Idebenone treatment exerted no effect on the osmometric properties of
   the brain tissue in either the normal old or the SHRsp rats
Keywords:                             ARCH/CFY                              RATS/HEAT
   DENATURATION/IDEBENONE/LIVER/MEMBRANE
   HYPOTHESIS/OSMOTIC POTENTIAL OF BRAIN TISSUE/SPONTANEOUSLY
   HYPERTENSIVE/STROKE-PRONE                                                    (SHRSP)
   RATS/WATER/WATER-INSOLUBLE                           PROTEINS/WATER-SOLUBLE
   PROTEINS/X-RAY-MICROANALYSIS
Hirsh, J. (1981), Selection and Results of Anti-Platelet Therapy in the Prevention of
   Stroke and Myocardial-Infarction. Archives of Internal Medicine, 141 311-315
Panzer, R.J., Feibel, J.H., Barker, W.H. and Griner, P.F. (1985), Predicting the
   Likelihood of Hemorrhage in Patients with Stroke. Archives of Internal Medicine,
   145 (10), 1800-1803
Lavin, P. (1986), Management of Hypertension in Patients with Acute Stroke. Archives
   of Internal Medicine, 146 (1), 66-68
Hazelton, A.E. and Earnest, M.P. (1987), Impact of Computed-Tomography on Stroke
   Management and Outcome. Archives of Internal Medicine, 147 (2), 217-220
Hart, R.G. (1987), Cardioembolic Stroke, Early Anticoagulation, and Brain Hemorrhage.
   Archives of Internal Medicine, 147 (4), 636-640
Wolf, P.A., Abbott, R.D. and Kannel, W.B. (1987), Atrial-Fibrillation - A Major
   Contributor to Stroke in the Elderly - the Framingham-Study. Archives of Internal
   Medicine, 147 (9), 1561-1564
Henrich, J.B. and Horwitz, R.I. (1989), Evidence Against the Association Between
   Alcohol-Use and Ischemic Stroke Risk. Archives of Internal Medicine, 149 (6),
   1413-1416
Gill, J.S., Shipley, M.J., Tsementzis, S.A., Hornby, R., Gill, S.K., Hitchcock, E.R. and
   Beevers, D.G. (1989), Cigarette-Smoking - A Risk Factor for Hemorrhagic and
   Nonhemorrhagic Stroke. Archives of Internal Medicine, 149 (9), 2053-2057
Ackerman, R.H., Correia, J.A., Alpert, N.M., Baron, J.C., Gouliamos, A., Grotta, J.C.,
   Brownell, G.L. and Taveras, J.M. (1981), Positron Imaging in Ischemic Stroke
   Disease Using Compounds Labeled with O-15 - Initial Results of Clinicophysiologic
   Correlations. Archives of Neurology, 38 (9), 537-543
Derenzi, E., Colombo, A., Faglioni, P. and Gibertoni, M. (1982), Conjugate Gaze
   Paresis in Stroke Patients with Unilateral Damage - An Unexpected Instance of
   Hemispheric-Asymmetry. Archives of Neurology, 39 (8), 482-486
Miller, V.T. (1983), Lacunar Stroke - A Reassessment. Archives of Neurology, 40 (3),
   129-134
Hossmann, V., Heiss, W.D., Bewermeyer, H. and Wiedemann, G. (1983), Controlled
   Trial of Ancrod in Ischemic Stroke. Archives of Neurology, 40 (13), 803-808
Culebras, A. and Miller, M. (1983), Absence of Sleep-Related Elevation of
   Growth-Hormone Level in Patients with Stroke. Archives of Neurology, 40 (5),
   283-286
Kurlan, R. and Griggs, R.C. (1983), Cyanotic Congenital Heart-Disease with Suspected
   Stroke - Should All Patients Receive Antibiotics. Archives of Neurology, 40 (4),
   209-212
Tuttle, P.V. and Reinmuth, O.M. (1984), Midbrain Hemorrhage Producing Pure
   Sensory Stroke. Archives of Neurology, 41 (7), 794-795
Ropper, A.H. and Shafran, B. (1984), Brain Edema After Stroke - Clinical Syndrome
   and Intracranial- Pressure. Archives of Neurology, 41 (1), 26-29
Reding, M., Orto, L., Willensky, P., Fortuna, I., Day, N., Steiner, S.F., Gehr, L. and
   Mcdowell, F. (1985), The Dexamethasone Suppression Test - An Indicator of
   Depression in Stroke But Not A Predictor of Rehabilitation Outcome. Archives of
   Neurology, 42 (3), 209-212
Shinar, D., Gross, C.R., Mohr, J.P., Caplan, L.R., Price, T.R., Wolf, P.A., Hier, D.B.,
   Kase, C.S., Fishman, I.G., Wolf, C.L. and Kunitz, S.C. (1985), Interobserver
   Variability in the Assessment of Neurologic History and Examination in the Stroke
   Data-Bank. Archives of Neurology, 42 (6), 557-565
Candelise, L., Landi, G., Orazio, E.N. and Boccardi, E. (1985), Prognostic-Significance
   of Hyperglycemia in Acute Stroke. Archives of Neurology, 42 (7), 661-663
Katirji, M.B., Reinmuth, O.M. and Latchaw, R.E. (1985), Stroke Due to Vertebral
   Artery Injury. Archives of Neurology, 42 (3), 242-248
Fromm, D., Holland, A.L., Swindell, C.S. and Reinmuth, O.M. (1985), Various
   Consequences of Subcortical Stroke - Prospective-Study of 16 Consecutive Cases.
   Archives of Neurology, 42 (10), 943-950
Ramirezlassepas, M., Quinones, M.R. and Nino, H.H. (1986), Treatment of Acute
   Ischemic Stroke - Open Trial with Continuous Intravenous Heparinization. Archives
   of Neurology, 43 (4), 386-390
Vaagenes, P., Urdal, P., Melvoll, R. and Valnes, K. (1986), Enzyme Level Changes in
   the Cerebrospinal-Fluid of Patients with Acute Stroke. Archives of Neurology, 43 (4),
   357-362
Gross, C.R., Shinar, D., Mohr, J.P., Hier, D.B., Caplan, L.R., Price, T.R., Wolf, P.A.,
   Kase, C.S., Fishman, I.G., Calingo, S. and Kunitz, S.C. (1986), Interobserver
   Agreement in the Diagnosis of Stroke Type. Archives of Neurology, 43 (9), 893-898
Coslett, H.B. and Heilman, K.M. (1986), Male Sexual Function - Impairment After
   Right-Hemisphere Stroke. Archives of Neurology, 43 (10), 1036-1039
Schoenberg, B.S., Anderson, D.W. and Haerer, A.F. (1986), Racial Differentials in the
   Prevalence of Stroke - Copiah County, Mississippi. Archives of Neurology, 43 (6),
   565-568
Starkey, I. and Warlow, C. (1986), The Secondary Prevention of Stroke in Patients with
   Atrial- Fibrillation. Archives of Neurology, 43 (1), 66-68
Adams, H.P., Dawson, G., Coffman, T.J. and Corry, R.J. (1986), Stroke in
   Renal-Transplant Recipients. Archives of Neurology, 43 (2), 113-115
Sherman, D.G., Hart, R.G. and Easton, J.D. (1986), The Secondary Prevention of Stroke
   in Patients with Atrial- Fibrillation. Archives of Neurology, 43 (1), 68-70
Reding, M.J., Orto, L.A., Winter, S.W., Fortuna, I.M., Diponte, P. and Mcdowell, F.H.
   (1986), Antidepressant Therapy After Stroke - A Double-Blind Trial. Archives of
   Neurology, 43 (8), 763-765
Heinemann, A.W., Roth, E.J., Cichowski, K. and Betts, H.B. (1987),
   Multivariate-Analysis of Improvement and Outcome Following Stroke Rehabilitation.
   Archives of Neurology, 44 (11), 1167-1172
Meyer, J.S., Rogers, R.L., Mortel, K.F. and Judd, B.W. (1987), Hyperlipidemia Is A
   Risk Factor for Decreased Cerebral Perfusion and Stroke. Archives of Neurology, 44
   (4), 418-422
Papanicolaou, A.C., Moore, B.D., Levin, H.S. and Eisenberg, H.M. (1987),
   Evoked-Potential Correlates of Right-Hemisphere Involvement in Language
   Recovery Following Stroke. Archives of Neurology, 44 (5), 521-524
Shinar, D., Gross, C.R., Hier, D.B., Caplan, L.R., Mohr, J.P., Price, T.R., Wolf, P.A.,
   Kase, C.S., Fishman, I.G., Barwick, J.A. and Kunitz, S.C. (1987), Interobserver
   Reliability in the Interpretation of Computed Tomographic Scans of Stroke Patients.
   Archives of Neurology, 44 (2), 149-155
Ramirezlassepas, M., Cipolle, R.J., Bjork, R.J., Kowitz, J., Snyder, B.D., Weber, J.C.
   and Stein, S.D. (1987), Can Embolic Stroke be Diagnosed on the Basis of Neurologic
   Clinical-Criteria. Archives of Neurology, 44 (1), 87-89
Bogousslavsky, J., Despland, P.A. and Regli, F. (1987), Spontaneous Carotid Dissection
   with Acute Stroke. Archives of Neurology, 44 (2), 137-140
Levine, S.R., Diaczok, I.M., Deegan, M.J., Kieran, S.N., Feit, H., Elias, S.B. and Welch,
   K.M.A. (1987), Recurrent Stroke Associated with Thymoma and Anticardiolipin
   Antibodies. Archives of Neurology, 44 (6), 678-679
Bogousslavsky, J. and Regli, F. (1987), Ischemic Stroke in Adults Younger Than 30
   Years of Age - Cause and Prognosis. Archives of Neurology, 44 (5), 479-482
Macdonell, R.A.L., Donnan, G.A., Bladin, P.F., Berkovic, S.F. and Wriedt, C.H.R.
   (1988), The Electroencephalogram and Acute Ischemic Stroke - Distinguishing
   Cortical from Lacunar Infarction. Archives of Neurology, 45 (5), 520-524
Foster, N.L., Mountz, J.M., Bluelein, L.A., Ackermann, R.J., Petry, N.A. and Kuhl, D.E.
   (1988), Blood-Flow Imaging of A Posterior Circulation Stroke - Use of Technetium
   Tc-99M Hexamethylpropyleneamine Oxime and Single Photon-Emission
   Computed-Tomography. Archives of Neurology, 45 (6), 687-690
Autret, A., Laffont, F., Toffol, B. and Cathala, H.P. (1988), A Syndrome of Rem and
   Non-Rem Sleep Reduction and Lateral Gaze Paresis After Medial Tegmental Pontine
   Stroke - Computed Tomographic Scans and Anatomical Correlations in 4 Patients.
   Archives of Neurology, 45 (11), 1236-1242
Zivin, J.A., Lyden, P.D., Degirolami, U., Kochhar, A., Mazzarella, V., Hemenway, C.C.
   and Johnston, P. (1988), Tissue Plasminogen-Activator - Reduction of Neurologic
   Damage After Experimental Embolic Stroke. Archives of Neurology, 45 (4), 387-391
Rothrock, J.F., Walicke, P., Swenson, M.R., Lyden, P.D. and Logan, W.R. (1988),
   Migrainous Stroke. Archives of Neurology, 45 (1), 63-67
Klonoff, D.C., Andrews, B.T. and Obana, W.G. (1989), Stroke Associated with Cocaine
   Use. Archives of Neurology, 46 (9), 989-993
Goldstein, L.B., Bertels, C. and Davis, J.N. (1989), Interrater Reliability of the Nih
   Stroke Scale. Archives of Neurology, 46 (6), 660-662
Dobkin, J.A., Levine, R.L., Lagreze, H.L., Dulli, D.A., Nickles, R.J. and Rowe, B.R.
   (1989), Evidence for Transhemispheric Diaschisis in Unilateral Stroke. Archives of
   Neurology, 46 (12), 1333-1336
Bogousslavsky, J. and Regli, F. (1990), Anterior Cerebral-Artery Territory Infarction in
   the Lausanne Stroke Registry - Clinical and Etiologic Patterns. Archives of
   Neurology, 47 (2), 144-150
Kilpatrick, C.J., Davis, S.M., Tress, B.M., Rossiter, S.C., Hopper, J.L. and
   Vandendriesen, M.L. (1990), Epileptic Seizures in Acute Stroke. Archives of
   Neurology, 47 (2), 157-160
Keywords: ARCH/STATE
Woo, J., Lam, C.W.K., Kay, R., Wong, A.H.Y., Teoh, R. and Nicholls, M.G. (1990),
   The Influence of Hyperglycemia and Diabetes-Mellitus on Immediate and 3-Month
   Morbidity and Mortality After Acute Stroke. Archives of Neurology, 47 (11),
   1174-1177
Keywords: ARCH/CHINESE/STATE
Marsh, E.E., Biller, J., Adams, H.P., Marler, J.R., Hulbert, J.R., Love, B.B. and Gordon,
   D.L. (1990), Circadian Variation in Onset of Acute Ischemic Stroke. Archives of
   Neurology, 47 (11), 1178-1180
Keywords: ARCH/STATE
Anderson, S.W., Damasio, H. and Tranel, D. (1990), Neuropsychological Impairments
   Associated with Lesions Caused by Tumor Or Stroke. Archives of Neurology, 47 (4),
   397-405
White, H.C. (1988), Post-Stroke Hip-Fractures. Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma
   Surgery, 107 (6), 345-347
Bray, G.P., Defrank, R.S. and Wolfe, T.L. (1981), Sexual Functioning in Stroke
   Survivors. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 62 (6), 286-288
Gandhavadi, B. and Rosen, J.S. (1981), Brittle Diabetes and Stroke - A Complicated
   Rehabilitation Problem. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 62 (5),
   235-236
Smith, M.E., Garraway, W.M., Smith, D.L. and Akhtar, A.J. (1982), Therapy Impact on
   Functional Outcome in A Controlled Trial of Stroke Rehabilitation. Archives of
   Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 63 (1), 21-24
Basmajian, J.V., Gowland, C., Brandstater, M.E., Swanson, L. and Trotter, J. (1982),
   Emg Feedback Treatment of Upper Limb in Hemiplegic Stroke Patients - A
   Pilot-Study. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 63 (12), 613-616
Burnside, I.G., Tobias, H.S. and Bursill, D. (1982), Electro-Myographic Feedback in the
   Remobilization of Stroke Patients - A Controlled Trial. Archives of Physical
   Medicine and Rehabilitation, 63 (5), 217-222
Granger, C.V., Kaplan, M.T., Jones, B. and Fell, N. (1982), Stroke - Comparison of
   Admissions in A Community-Hospital. Archives of Physical Medicine and
   Rehabilitation, 63 (8), 352-356
Belcher, S.A., Clowers, M.R., Cabanayan, A.C. and Fordyce, W.E. (1982), Activity
   Patterns of Married and Single Individuals After Stroke. Archives of Physical
   Medicine and Rehabilitation, 63 (7), 308-312
Feibel, J.H. and Springer, C.J. (1982), Depression and Failure to Resume Social
   Activities After Stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 63 (6),
   276-278
Jain, S. (1982), Operant-Conditioning for Management of A Noncompliant
   Rehabilitation Case After Stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,
   63 (8), 374-376
Wade, D.T., Skilbeck, C.E. and Hewer, R.L. (1983), Predicting Barthel Adl Score at 6
   Months After An Acute Stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,
   64 (1), 24-28
Evans, R.L. and Northwood, L.K. (1983), Social Support Needs in Adjustment to
   Stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 64 (2), 61-64
Marshall, R.C. and Phillips, D.S. (1983), Prognosis for Improved Verbal
   Communication in Aphasic Stroke Patients. Archives of Physical Medicine and
   Rehabilitation, 64 (12), 597-600
Logigian, M.K., Samuels, M.A., Falconer, J. and Zagar, R. (1983), Clinical Exercise
   Trial for Stroke Patients. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 64 (8),
   364-367
Hogue, R.E. and Mccandless, S. (1983), Genu Recurvatum - Auditory Biofeedback
   Treatment for Adult Patients with Stroke Or Head-Injuries. Archives of Physical
   Medicine and Rehabilitation, 64 (8), 368-370
Wade, D.T., Hewer, R.L. and Wood, V.A. (1984), Stroke - Influence of Patients Sex
   and Side of Weakness on Outcome. Archives of Physical Medicine and
   Rehabilitation, 65 (9), 513-516
Johnston, M.V. and Keister, M. (1984), Early Rehabilitation for Stroke Patients - A
   New Look. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 65 (8), 437-441
Hertanu, J.S., Demopoulos, J.T., Yang, W.C., Calhoun, W.F. and Fenigstein, H.A.
   (1984), Stroke Rehabilitation - Correlation and Prognostic Value of
   Computerized-Tomography and Sequential Functional Assessments. Archives of
   Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 65 (9), 505-508
Novack, T.A., Satterfield, W.T., Lyons, K., Kolski, G., Hackmeyer, L. and Connor, M.
   (1984), Stroke Onset and Rehabilitation - Time-Lag As A Factor in Treatment
   Outcome. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 65 (6), 316-319
Marsh, M. (1984), A Day Rehabilitation Stroke Program. Archives of Physical Medicine
   and Rehabilitation, 65 (6), 320-323
Turney, T.M., Garraway, W.M. and Sinaki, M. (1985), Neurologic Examination in
   Stroke Rehabilitation - Adequacy of Its Description in Clinical Textbooks. Archives
   of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 66 (2), 92-94
Dudgeon, B.J., Delisa, J.A. and Miller, R.M. (1985), Optokinetic Nystagmus and Upper
   Extremity Dressing Independence After Stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and
   Rehabilitation, 66 (3), 164-167
Lagoe, R.J. and Lauko, S.J. (1985), Stroke Hospitalization Under Prospective Payments
   - Analysis of Diagnosis Related Group-14. Archives of Physical Medicine and
   Rehabilitation, 66 (11), 773-776
Robinson, R.G., Bolduc, P.L., Kubos, K.L., Starr, L.B. and Price, T.R. (1985), Social
   Functioning Assessment in Stroke Patients. Archives of Physical Medicine and
   Rehabilitation, 66 (8), 496-500
Hayes, S.H. and Carroll, S.R. (1986), Early Intervention Care in the Acute Stroke
   Patient. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 67 (5), 319-321
Bishop, D.S., Epstein, N.B., Keitner, G.I., Miller, I.W. and Srinivasan, S.V. (1986),
   Stroke - Morale, Family Functioning, Health-Status, and Functional-Capacity.
   Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 67 (2), 84-87
Schmidt, S.M., Herman, L.M., Koenig, P., Leuze, M., Monahan, M.K. and Stubbers,
   R.W. (1986), Status of Stroke Patients - A Community Assessment. Archives of
   Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 67 (2), 99-102
Lord, J.P. and Hall, K. (1986), Neuromuscular Reeducation Versus Traditional
   Programs for Stroke Rehabilitation. Archives of Physical Medicine and
   Rehabilitation, 67 (2), 88-91
Wade, D.T. and Hewer, R.L. (1986), Stroke - Associations with Age, Sex, and Side of
   Weakness. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 67 (8), 540-545
Smedley, R.R., Fiorino, A.J., Soucar, E., Reynolds, D., Smedley, W.P. and Aronica,
   M.J. (1986), Slot Machines - Their Use in Rehabilitation After Stroke. Archives of
   Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 67 (8), 546-549
Olney, S.J., Monga, T.N. and Costigan, P.A. (1986), Mechanical Energy of Walking of
   Stroke Patients. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 67 (2), 92-98
Monga, T.N., Lawson, J.S. and Inglis, J. (1986), Sexual Dysfunction in Stroke Patients.
   Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 67 (1), 19-22
Friedland, J. and Mccoll, M.A. (1987), Social Support and Psychosocial Dysfunction
   After Stroke - Buffering Effects in A Community Sample. Archives of Physical
   Medicine and Rehabilitation, 68 (8), 475-480
Evans, R.L., Bishop, D.S., Matlock, A.L., Stranahan, S., Smith, G.G. and Halar, E.M.
   (1987), Family-Interaction and Treatment Adherence After Stroke. Archives of
   Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 68 (8), 513-517
Evans, R.L., Bishop, D.S., Matlock, A.L. and Noonan, W.C. (1987), Prestroke
   Family-Interaction As A Predictor of Stroke Outcome. Archives of Physical
   Medicine and Rehabilitation, 68 (8), 508-512
Basmajian, J.V., Gowland, C.A., Finlayson, M.A.J., Hall, A.L., Swanson, L.R.,
   Stratford, P.W., Trotter, J.E. and Brandstater, M.E. (1987), Stroke Treatment -
   Comparison of Integrated Behavioral-Physical Therapy Vs Traditional Physical
   Therapy Programs. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 68 (5),
   267-272
Bohannon, R.W. and Smith, M.B. (1987), Upper Extremity Strength Deficits in
   Hemiplegic Stroke Patients - Relationship Between Admission and Discharge
   Assessment and Time Since Onset. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,
   68 (3), 155-157
Novack, T.A., Haban, G., Graham, K. and Satterfield, W.T. (1987), Prediction of Stroke
   Rehabilitation Outcome from Psychologic Screening. Archives of Physical Medicine
   and Rehabilitation, 68 (10), 729-734
Bohannon, R.W. (1987), Gait Performance of Hemiparetic Stroke Patients - Selected
  Variables. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 68 (11), 777-781
Kellyhayes, M., Wolf, P.A., Kannel, W.B., Sytkowski, P., Dagostino, R.B. and
  Gresham, G.E. (1988), Factors Influencing Survival and Need for Institutionalization
  Following Stroke - the Framingham-Study. Archives of Physical Medicine and
  Rehabilitation, 69 (6), 415-418
Cushman, L.A. (1988), Secondary Neuropsychiatric Complications in Stroke -
  Implications for Acute Care. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 69
  (10), 877-879
Cozean, C.D., Pease, W.S. and Hubbell, S.L. (1988), Biofeedback and Functional
  Electric-Stimulation in Stroke Rehabilitation. Archives of Physical Medicine and
  Rehabilitation, 69 (6), 401-405
Granger, C.V., Hamilton, B.B. and Gresham, G.E. (1988), The Stroke Rehabilitation
  Outcome Study .1. General Description. Archives of Physical Medicine and
  Rehabilitation, 69 (7), 506-509
Rao, N., Jellinek, H.M. and Harberg, J.K. (1988), The Art of Medicine - Subjective
  Measures As Predictors of Outcome in Stroke and Traumatic Brain Injury. Archives
  of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 69 (3), 179-182
Poole, J.L. and Whitney, S.L. (1988), Motor-Assessment Scale for Stroke Patients -
  Concurrent Validity and Interrater Reliability. Archives of Physical Medicine and
  Rehabilitation, 69 (3), 195-197
Dannenbaum, R.M. and Dykes, R.W. (1988), Sensory Loss in the Hand After Sensory
  Stroke - Therapeutic Rationale. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 69
  (10), 833-839
Bornstein, N.M. and Norris, J.W. (1988), Deep-Vein Thrombosis After Ischemic Stroke
  - Rationale for A Therapeutic Trial. Archives of Physical Medicine and
  Rehabilitation, 69 (11), 955-958
Chaudhuri, G., Harvey, R.F., Sulton, L.D. and Lambert, R.W. (1988),
  Computerized-Tomography Head Scans As Predictors of Functional Outcome of
  Stroke Patients. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 69 (7), 496-498
Wolf, S.L. and Minkwitz, J.A. (1989), Topical Anesthetics - Effects on the
  Achilles-Tendon and H- Reflexes .2. Stroke Patients. Archives of Physical Medicine
  and Rehabilitation, 70 (9), 673-677
Kornerbitensky, N., Mayo, N., Cabot, R., Becker, R. and Coopersmith, H. (1989),
  Motor and Functional Recovery After Stroke - Accuracy of Physical-Therapists
  Predictions. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 70 (2), 95-99
Granger, C.V., Hamilton, B.B., Gresham, G.E. and Kramer, A.A. (1989), The Stroke
  Rehabilitation Outcome Study .2. Relative Merits of the Total Barthel Index Score
  and A 4-Item Subscore in Predicting Patient Outcomes. Archives of Physical
  Medicine and Rehabilitation, 70 (2), 100-103
Garrett, V.E., Scott, J.A., Costich, J., Aubrey, D.L. and Gross, J. (1989), Bladder
  Emptying Assessment in Stroke Patients. Archives of Physical Medicine and
  Rehabilitation, 70 (1), 41-43
Basmajian, J.V. (1989), The Winter of Our Discontent - Breaking Intolerable Time
  Locks for Stroke Survivors. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 70 (2),
  92-94
Chester, C.S. and Mclaren, C.E. (1989), Somatosensory Evoked-Response and
  Recovery from Stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 70 (7),
  520-525
Egelko, S., Simon, D., Riley, E., Gordon, W., Ruckdeschelhibbard, M. and Diller, L.
   (1989), 1St Year After Stroke - Tracking Cognitive and Affective Deficits. Archives
   of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 70 (4), 297-302
Hajek, V.E., Rutman, D.L. and Scher, H. (1989), Brief Assessment of Cognitive
   Impairment in Patients with Stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and
   Rehabilitation, 70 (2), 114-117
Malec, J.F., Richardson, J.W., Sinaki, M. and Obrien, M.W. (1990), Types of Affective
   Response to Stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 71 (5),
   279-284
Keywords: ARCH
Robinson, L.M., Fitts, S.S. and Kraft, G.H. (1990), Laterality of Performance in
   Fingertapping Rate and Grip Strength by Hemisphere of Stroke and Gender.
   Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 71 (9), 695-698
Keywords: ARCH
Mandel, A.R., Nymark, J.R., Balmer, S.J., Grinnell, D.M. and Oriain, M.D. (1990),
   Electromyographic Versus Rhythmic Positional Biofeedback in Computerized Gait
   Retraining with Stroke Patients. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,
   71 (9), 649-654
Keywords: ARCH
Blackschaffer, R.M. and Osberg, J.S. (1990), Return to Work After Stroke -
   Development of A Predictive Model. Archives of Physical Medicine and
   Rehabilitation, 71 (5), 285-290
Keywords: STROKE
Carey, J.R. (1990), Manual Stretch - Effect on Finger Movement Control and Force
   Control in Stroke Subjects with Spastic Extrinsic Finger Flexor Muscles. Archives of
   Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 71 (11), 888-894
Bohannon, R.W. and Andrews, A.W. (1990), Correlation of Knee Extensor Muscle
   Torque and Spasticity with Gait Speed in Patients with Stroke. Archives of Physical
   Medicine and Rehabilitation, 71 (5), 330-333
Tangeman, P.T., Banaitis, D.A. and Williams, A.K. (1990), Rehabilitation of Chronic
   Stroke Patients - Changes in Functional Performance. Archives of Physical Medicine
   and Rehabilitation, 71 (11), 876-880
Keywords: ARCH/MANAGEMENT
Rosenthal, D., Stanton, P.E. and Lamis, P.A. (1981), Carotid Endarterectomy - the
   Unreliability of Intra-Operative Monitoring in Patients Having Had Stroke Or
   Reversible Ischemic Neurologic Deficit. Archives of Surgery, 116 (12), 1569-1575
Lees, C.D. and Hertzer, N.R. (1981), Postoperative Stroke and Late Neurologic
   Complications After Carotid Endarterectomy. Archives of Surgery, 116 (12),
   1561-1568
Bardin, J.A., Bernstein, E.F., Humber, P.B., Collins, G.M., Dilley, R.B., Devin, J.B. and
   Stuart, S.H. (1982), Is Carotid Endarterectomy Beneficial in Prevention of Recurrent
   Stroke. Archives of Surgery, 117 (11), 1401-1407
Landercasper, J., Merz, B.J., Cogbill, T.H., Strutt, P.J., Cochrane, R.H., Olson, R.A. and
   Hutter, R.D. (1990), Perioperative Stroke Risk in 173 Consecutive Patients with A
   Past History of Stroke. Archives of Surgery, 125 (8), 986-989
Keywords: ARCH/STATE
Edington, N., Bridges, C.G. and Patel, J.R. (1986), Endothelial-Cell Infection and
   Thrombosis in Paralysis Caused by Equid Herpesvirus-1 - Equine Stroke. Archives of
   Virology, 90 (1-2), 111-124
Chumakov, A.A. and Istomin, A.A. (1986), Some Aspects of Morphological-Changes
   in the Brain Cortex After Stroke. Arkhiv Patologii, 48 (4), 44-51
Rhoads, G.G. and Feinleib, M. (1983), Serum Triglyceride and Risk of Coronary
  Heart-Disease, Stroke, and Total Mortality in Japanese-American Men.
  Arteriosclerosis, 3 (4), 316-322
Binns, R.L. and Ku, D.N. (1989), Effect of Stenosis on Wall Motion - A Possible
  Mechanism of Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack. Arteriosclerosis, 9 (6), 842-847
Diminno, G. and Mancini, M. (1990), Measuring Plasma-Fibrinogen to Predict Stroke
  and Myocardial- Infarction. Arteriosclerosis, 10 (1), 1-7
Keywords: HEART
Kobayashi, S., Yamaguchi, S., Katsube, T., Okada, K., Kitani, M., Murao, M. and
  Tsunematsu, T. (1984), Effects of Naftidrofuryl on the Time Course of the Regional
  Cerebral Blood-Flow in Acute Ischemic Stroke. Arzneimittel-Forschung/Drug
  Research, 34-2 (11), 1580-1583
Kuwahara, T., Okada, T., Nakamura, K., Himori, N., Yoshizaki, H., Matsuura, A.,
  Koyama, K., Satoh, T. and Nakamura, K. (1987), Preventive Effects of the
  Cerebral-Circulation                            Improver                          6,7-
  Dimethoxy-1-(3,4-Dimethoxybenzyl)-4-([4-(2-Methoxyphenyl)-1-
  Piperazinyl]Methyl)Isoquinoline on Stroke Symptoms in Stroke- Prone
  Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Arzneimittel-Forschung/Drug Research, 37-2 (7),
  778-782
Heyden, S. (1988), Risk Factor Detection and Intervention in the Prevention of
  Cardiovascular-Diseases - No Influence of Cholesterol Reduction on the Stroke Rate
  and No Influence of Isolated Treatment of Hypertension on the Chd Rate. Arztliche
  Laboratorium, 34 (12), 341-344
Gavin, J.G. (1981), Nasa - A Stroke of Genius. Astronautics & Aeronautics, 19 (10), 29
Schell, J., Meyer, M., Marconi, C., Rieu, M., Cerretelli, P. and Cabrol, C. (1990),
  Cardiovascular Adaptation During Physical Exercise After Heart- Transplantation.
  Atemwegs-und Lungenkrankheiten, 16 (9), 441-444.
Abstract: Failure of rapid adjustment of stroke volume and cardiac output compensating
  for the sluggish response of heart rate in heart transplant recipients (HTR) during
  exercise has been suggested to restrict the individual's physical performance. To test
  this hypothesis, impedance cardiography was used to study the steady-state and
  transient responses of heart rate (HR), stroke index (SI), cardiac index (CI), left
  ventricular ejection time (LVET) and pre-ejection period (PEP) during upright
  cycloergometric exercise (50 W, 5 min) in 21 short-term (less than 1 year after
  operation) and long-term HTR (age 44 +/- 8 years; 23 +/- 29 months after
  transplantation, range 1.3-137 months) and 10 normal healthy subjects (CTL, age 37
  +/- 10 years). Comparison between the two groups at rest (means +/- SD) revealed
  higher HR (102 +/- 12 vs 72 +/- 9 beats/min), lower SI (39.7 +/- 15.2 vs 49.5 +/- 10.3
  ml/m2, p < 0.05) and LVET (218 +/- 21 vs 255 +/- 22 msec, p < 0.01) in HTR while
  CI (3.98 +/- 3.58 vs 3.58 +/- 1.00 L/[min.m2], p > 0.05) and PEP (92 +/- 21 vs 83 +/-
  30 msec, p > 0.05) were similar. During exercise SI was similar in both groups (72.6
  +/- 23.4 vs 71.6 +/- 25.8 ml/m2, p > 0.05) but CI was significantly higher in HTR
  than in CTL (8.71 +/- 3.16 vs 6.73 +/- 1.92 L/[min.m2], p < 0.05) while HR had
  approached different levels (120 +/- 12 vs 98 +/- 16 beats/min, p < 0.01). Similar
  levels of HR, SI and CI were achieved by HTR and CTL upon repetitive 50 W
  exercise after 5 min recovery from the first test despite HR in HTR had remained
  elevated. In both groups the increased SI was associated with a marked decrease of
  PEP (34%) and moderate decline of LVET (8%). The half-time of the 'on'-response
  of cardiac output, defined as the time required to reach 50% of the asymptotic steady
  state or peak level, was only moderately delayed in HTR compared with CTL (56 +/-
  19 vs 37 +/- 15 sec, p < 0.01) and a similar tendency was observed for the 'off'-
  response (44 +/- 20 vs 33 +/- 19 sec, p > 0.05). Similar dynamics were observed
  during repetitive 50 W testing after 5 min recovery. It is concluded that the
  transplanted denervated heart, by virtue of augmented preload and the Frank-Starling
  mechanism, achieves a normal (actually slightly enhanced) cardiac output during
  moderate dynamic exercise. The insignificantly retarded kinetics of the 'on'-response
  of cardiac output is attributed to delayed onset of venous return and would seem to
  suggest a 'peripheral' rather than a 'central' mechanism
Keywords:         CARDIAC             TRANSPLANTATION/CARDIORESPIRATORY
  RESPONSES/DENERVATED                                              HEART/DYNAMIC
  EXERCISE/FRANK-STARLING                                        MECHANISM/HEART
  TRANSPLANTATION/IMPEDANCE CARDIOGRAPHY/RECIPIENTS/SEP
Abe, T., Sakamoto, T., Higashi, T. and Hirota, K. (1989), Effects of Exercise on
  Hypocholesterolemia of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats.
  Atherosclerosis, 79 (2-3), 113-119
Kaufmann, D. (1985), A Late Stroke-Ornamented Pottery Barrel from
  Magdeburg-Neue- Neustadt. Ausgrabungen und Funde, 30 (4), 156-&
Thompson, P.D. (1983), Cerebrovascular-Disease in Western Australia - An Analysis of
  Stroke Type and Associated Risk-Factors. Australian and New Zealand Journal of
  Medicine, 13 (5), 497-503
Chambers, B.R., Donnan, G.A. and Bladin, P.F. (1983), Patterns of Stroke - An
  Analysis of the 1St 700 Consecutive Admissions to the Austin-Hospital Stroke Unit.
  Australian and New Zealand Journal of Medicine, 13 (1), 57-64
Dunne, J.W., Leedman, P.J. and Edis, R.H. (1986), Inobvious Stroke - A Cause of
  Delirium and Dementia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Medicine, 16 (6),
  771-778
Danks, R.A., Dorevitch, M., Cummins, J.T. and Byrne, E. (1988), Mitochondrial
  Myopathy, Encephalopathy, Lactic-Acidosis and Stroke-Like Episodes (Melas) -
  Adolescent Onset with Severe Cerebral Edema. Australian and New Zealand Journal
  of Medicine, 18 (1), 69-72
Seneviratne, B.I. and Reimers, J. (1990), Nonvalvular Atrial-Fibrillation Associated
  with Cardioembolic Stroke - the Role of Hypertensive Heart-Disease. Australian and
  New Zealand Journal of Medicine, 20 (2), 127-134
Keywords: AUSTRALIA
Simons, L.A., Mccallum, J., Simons, J., Powell, I., Ruys, J., Heller, R. and Lerba, C.
  (1990), The Dubbo Study - An Australian Prospective Community Study of the
  Health of Elderly. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Medicine, 20 (6),
  783-789.
Abstract: The proportion of Australian population over 60 years has risen progressively
  over the last 40 years and this growth is projected to continue. Major health problems
  of the elderly include coronary heart disease, cerebro-vascular disease, osteoporosis
  and fracture. The risk factors for coronary heart disease and stroke in middle-aged
  subjects have been extensively documented in prospective studies in Australia and
  elsewhere, and include lipid disorders, hypertension, cigarette smoking, diabetes and
  family history. Few prospective studies have been targeted exclusively on the elderly
  and information available with respect to vascular risk factors is fragmentary and
  contradictory. This is the background to a new prospective study of the health of
  elderly Australians now under way in Dubbo, NSW. The goals of the Dubbo Study
  are to identify predictors of mortality, hospitalisation and placement in long- term
  care, while specific aims are the study of risk factors for chronic diseases and
  disability. This report describes the study rationale, reasons for selecting Dubbo as
  the study site, methods and measures, participation rates and demography. The target
  population included all non-institutionalised subjects 60 years and over, domiciled in
  Dubbo, and is comprised of 1693 males and 2167 females. The attendance rate for an
  extensive medical and sociological baseline assessment over a 13 months' period was
  73% for both sexes. The prospective study is now in place and within three to five
  years will be generating definitive information in the elderly
Keywords:                                          AUSTRALIA/CARDIOVASCULAR
  DISEASE/CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE/CHOLESTEROL/CORONARY
  HEART-DISEASE/FRAMINGHAM/HOSPITALIZATION/MEN/MORTALITY/O
  LDER/POPULATION/PROSPECTIVE                                             STUDY/RISK
  FACTORS/RISK-FACTORS/SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS/THE ELDERLY
Lord, R.S.A. (1990), Transient Monocular Blindness. Australian and New Zealand
  Journal of Ophthalmology, 18 (3), 299-305.
Abstract: Transient monocular blindness (TMB) or amaurosis fugax is diagnosed when
  visual disturbance or loss (blindness, dimming, fogging, blurring) affects one eye for
  seconds or minutes. TMB may occur alone or in combination with transient
  hemispheric ischaemia (TIA). The cause of TMB is usually an atheromatous plaque
  at the carotid bifurcation in the neck liberating emboli or causing a temporary
  reduction in carotid and retinal blood flow. In most patients no embolus or ischaemic
  change is visible in the fundus. TMB should be investigated and treated in the same
  way as neurologic TIAs with emphasis on rapid detection of extracranial arterial
  disease, cardiac abnormalities and haematological disorders
Keywords:                AMAUROSIS                    FUGAX/AUSTRALIA/CARDIAC
  ABNORMALITIES/CEREBRAL-ISCHEMIA/DISEASE/DISSECTION/ENDART
  ERECTOMY/EXTRACRANIAL ARTERIAL DISEASE/HEMATOLOGICAL
  DISORDERS/INFARCTION/INTERNAL                        CAROTID-ARTERY/ISCHEMIC
  ATTACKS/STROKE/TIA/TRANSIENT                  ISCHEMIC         ATTACK/TRANSIENT
  MONOCULAR BLINDNESS/ULTRASONOGRAPHY
Alexander, G., Stevens, D. and Bradley, L.R. (1990), Intensive Observations During
  Lambing in A Goiter-Affected Flock, with Special Reference to Behavior of Lambs.
  Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 30 (6), 749-757.
Abstract: This study documents an outbreak of congenital goitre in a flock of sheep
  under intensive observation for behaviour during lambing on pasture containing a
  high proportion of white clover (Trifolium repens). Thyroids were palpably enlarged
  in half of the lambs and much enlarged in 12% of lambs, reaching 42 g/kg
  bodyweight. The incidence of goitre increased as lambing progressed and with
  increasing ewe age, but tended to decrease with increasing litter size. Gestation
  period increased with increasing thyroid size. Lamb mortality was 3-fold higher in
  lambs with moderately or grossly enlarged glands than in lambs with little or no
  gland enlargement. Major factors contributing to death were poor vigour of lambs at
  birth, possibly due in part to impaired thermoregulation, and difficult or prolonged
  birth. Lambs with severe goitre were susceptible to heat stroke apparently through
  tracheal constriction. Activity of lambs was depressed according to the degree of
  thyroid enlargement. The correlations between various lamb behaviours and plasma
  thyroxine were no better than with the thyroid enlargement score. Twins had a higher
  mortality and less vigorous behaviour than singles with similar thyroid enlargement.
  Twins with much enlarged glands were particularly at risk. It is suggested that slight
  to moderate thyroid enlargement might not be detected in practical farming and
  could be more common than usually supposed. In the presence of other factors that
   prejudice survival, such as cold weather, prolonged and difficult birth and multiple
   birth, this 'subclinical' goitre could contribute to death of lambs
Keywords: AUSTRALIA
[Anon]. (1983), Stratified-Charging Applied to 2-Stroke Engine. Automotive
   Engineering, 91 (9), 55-56
Overstreet, R.M. and Rehak, E. (1982), Heat-Stroke in Nesting Least Tern Chicks from
   Gulfport, Mississippi, During June 1980. Avian Diseases, 26 (4), 918-923
Doerr, B.M., Miles, D.S. and Frey, M.A.B. (1981), Influence of Respiration on Stroke
   Volume Determined by Impedance Cardiography. Aviation Space and
   Environmental Medicine, 52 (7), 394-398
Mckinney, M.E., Buell, J.C. and Eliot, R.S. (1984), Sex-Differences in Trans-Thoracic
   Impedance - Evaluation of Effects on Calculated Stroke Volume Index. Aviation
   Space and Environmental Medicine, 55 (10), 893-895
Demey, C. and Enterling, D. (1988), Noninvasive Assessment of Cardiac-Performance
   by Impedance Cardiography - Disagreement Between 2 Equations to Estimate Stroke
   Volume. Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine, 59 (1), 57-62
Gathiram, P., Wells, M.T., Brockutne, J.G. and Gaffin, S.L. (1988), Prophylactic
   Corticosteroid Increases Survival in Experimental Heat-Stroke in Primates. Aviation
   Space and Environmental Medicine, 59 (4), 352-355
Gulch, R.W. and Jacob, R. (1988), Geometric and Muscle Physiological Determinants
   of Cardiac Stroke Volume As Evaluated on the Basis of Model-Calculations. Basic
   Research in Cardiology, 83 (5), 476-485
Webster, J.S., Jones, S., Blanton, P., Gross, R., Beissel, G.F. and Wofford, J.D. (1984),
   Visual Scanning Training with Stroke Patients. Behavior Therapy, 15 (2), 129-143
Ross, J.E. (1983), Disturbance of Stereoscopic Vision in Patients with Unilateral Stroke.
   Behavioural Brain Research, 7 (1), 99-112
Saito, H., Inui, K., Matsukawa, Y., Okano, T., Maegawa, H., Nakao, K., Morii, N.,
   Imura, H., Makino, S. and Hori, R. (1986), Specific Binding of Atrial Natriuretic
   Polypeptide to Renal Basolateral Membranes in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats
   (Shr) and Stroke-Prone Shr. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications,
   137 (3), 1079-1085
Morii, N., Nakao, K., Kihara, M., Sugawara, A., Sakamoto, M., Yamori, Y. and Imura,
   H. (1986), Decreased Content in Left Atrium and Increased Plasma- Concentration
   of Atrial Natriuretic Polypeptide in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (Shr) and Shr
   Stroke-Prone. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 135 (1),
   74-81
Kato, J., Kida, O., Nakamura, S., Sasaki, A., Kodama, K. and Tanaka, K. (1987), Atrial
   Natriuretic Polypeptide (Anp) in the Development of Spontaneously Hypertensive
   Rats (Shr) and Stroke-Prone Shr (Shrsp). Biochemical and Biophysical Research
   Communications, 143 (1), 316-322
Kato, J., Kida, O., Kita, T., Nakamura, S., Sasaki, A., Kodama, K. and Tanaka, K.
   (1988), Free and Bound Forms of Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (Anp) in Rat Plasma -
   Preferential Increase of Free Anp in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (Shr) and
   Stroke-Prone Shr (Shrsp). Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications,
   153 (3), 1084-1089
Kobayashi, Y., Momoi, M.Y., Tominaga, K., Momoi, T., Nihei, K., Yanagisawa, M.,
   Kagawa, Y. and Ohta, S. (1990), A Point Mutation in the Mitochondrial Transfer
   Rnaleu(Uur) Gene in Melas (Mitochondrial Myopathy, Encephalopathy, Lactic-
   Acidosis and Stroke-Like Episodes). Biochemical and Biophysical Research
   Communications, 173 (3), 816-822
Keywords:          COMPLETE             NUCLEOTIDE-SEQUENCE/CYTOCHROME-C
  OXIDASE/DELETIONS/DNA/GENERATION/GENOME/IDENTIFICATION/KE
  ARNS-SAYRE SYNDROME/MYOGENIC CELL-LINES/ORGANIZATION
Middaugh, S.J., Whitehead, W.E., Burgio, K.L. and Engel, B.T. (1989), Biofeedback in
  Treatment of Urinary-Incontinence in Stroke Patients. Biofeedback and
  Self-Regulation, 14 (1), 3-19
Minami, M., Senjo, M., Togashi, H., Yoshioka, M., Saito, H., Kawaguchi, H.,
  Takebayashi, K. and Parvez, H. (1988), Kidney Glutathione S-Transferase Activity
  and Kidney Monoamine- Oxidase Activity in the Stroke Cases of Shrsp. Biogenic
  Amines, 5 (6), 517-&
Delbarre, G., Delbarre, B., Calinon, F., Ferger, A. and Loiret, C. (1990), Metabolism of
  Monoamines and Indoleamines in Gerbil Cerebral- Ischemia. Biogenic Amines, 7 (6),
  557-568.
Abstract: The Mongolian gerbil was introduced as a stroke model because of its
  incomplete circle of Willis. Unilateral carotid ligation produced in such a fashion
  was not effective in all gerbils. We have selected gerbils by examination of the
  ocular fundus. To study the metabolism of monoamines and indoleamines in gerbil
  cerebral ischemia only gerbils with absence of retinal blood after ligation were
  selected as sensitive. One group served as control. Two groups were subjected to
  unilateral left carotid ligation and selected as sensitive and non-sensitive. Four h after
  ligation, levels of monoamines, indoleamines and protein concentrations were
  quantified. Neurological signs were evaluated. Compared to control group, dopamine
  significantly decreased and DOPAC significantly increased in the left caudate
  nucleus of the sensitive group but not of the non-sensitive group. In sensitive brain
  stem, HVA, 5-HT and 5-HIAA significantly increased. In the left sensitive caudate
  nucleus but not in the brain stem, protein concentration decreased significantly. The
  selection of sensitive and non-sensitive gerbils in order to determine the monoamines
  and indoleamines levels in correlation to neurological signs, was a suitable method
  for studying cerebral ischemia
Keywords:
  GERBIL/INDOLEAMINES/ISCHEMIA/MONOAMINES/NETHERLANDS/NEU
  ROMEDIATORS/PROTEIN-SYNTHESIS/STROKE
Russell, M.O., Goldberg, H.I., Hodson, A., Kim, H.C., Halus, J., Reivich, M. and
  Schwartz, E. (1984), Effect of Transfusion Therapy on Arteriographic Abnormalities
  and on Recurrence of Stroke in Sickle-Cell Disease. Blood, 63 (1), 162-169
Wirtz, J.J.J.M., Leunissen, K.M.L., Vanesser, J.W.J., Cheriex, E.C., Slaaf, D.W.,
  Reneman, R.S. and Vanhooff, J.P. (1990), Recombinant-Human-Erythropoietin and
  Its Effects on Macrocirculation and Microcirculation During Normovolemia - A
  Physiological Study of Hemodynamics, Fluid Status and Skin Microcirculation.
  Blood Purification, 8 (5), 285-294.
Abstract: In 9 chronic hemodialysis patients, treated with recombinant human
  erythropoietin (rHuEpo), longitudinal studies were performed to investigate possible
  changes in macro- and microcirculatory parameters during normovolemia, as
  assessed echographically by determining the inferior vena cava diameter and
  adjusting dialysis dry weight. Hematocrit increased from 19 +/- 4 to 33 +/- 5% (p <
  0.001). Systemic vascular resistance increased from 1,020 +/- 259 to 1,283 +/- 245
  dyn/s/cm-5 (p < 0.002), while mean arterial pressure remained unchanged. Cardiac
  index decreased (4.9 +/- 1.4 to 3.8 +/- 0.9 liters/min/m2; p < 0.02), caused by a
  decrease in heart rate (87 +/- 21 to 75 +/- 16 beats/min; p < 0.02) and stroke index
  (59.9 +/- 15.2 to 51.0 +/- 10.7 ml/m2; p < 0.02). Red blood cell volume increased
   (468 +/- 105 to 858 +/- 203 ml/m2; p < 0.001) and plasma volume decreased
   inversely ([I-125]-albumin; 2,008 +/- 338 to 1,664 +/- 225 ml/m2; p < 0.001),
   whereas total blood volume remained unaltered (2,476 +/- 397 to 2,518 +/- 352
   ml/m2; n.s.). Total body weight increased (57.8 +/- 12 to 62.1 +/- 12 kg; p < 0.02),
   indicative of an anabolic effect of rHuEpo therapy. Skin capillary circulation as
   measured by transcutaneous oxymetry at 37-degrees-C skin temperature impaired,
   reflected by the increase of the time to peak after arterial occlusion (82 +/- 21 to 121
   +/- 25 s; p < 0.02). The reactive hyperemic response following the release of
   occlusion showed a significant increase at high hematocrit (10.7 +/- 4.2 to 16.6 +/-
   5.3 mm Hg; p < 0.02), whereas resting transcutaneous P(O2) values showed a slight
   but not significant increase (2.3 +/- 1.3 to 4.7 +/- 3.3 mm Hg; n.s.). The high number
   of pathological capillaries in hemodialyzed patients might be an additional factor for
   the increase in systemic vascular resistance
Keywords:           BLOOD/HYPERTENSION/NORMOVOLEMIA/PATHOLOGICAL
   CAPILLARIES/RECOMBINANT                                                        HUMAN
   ERYTHROPOIETIN/STATE/SWITZERLAND/TRANSCUTANEOUS
   OXYMETRY
Shimamura, K., Shimada, T., Yamamoto, K., Sunano, S. and Okamoto, K. (1987),
   Noradrenaline Content and Release in the Mesenteric-Artery of Stroke-Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (Shrsp) and A New Strain of Shrsp (M-Shrsp).
   Blood Vessels, 24 (6), 334-338
Moriyama, K., Osugi, S., Shimamura, K. and Sunano, S. (1989), Caffeine-Induced
   Contraction in Arteries from Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Blood
   Vessels, 26 (5), 280-289
Thompson, L.E., Rinaldi, G.J. and Bohr, D.F. (1990), Decreased Activity of the
   Sodium-Calcium Exchanger in Tail Artery of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats. Blood Vessels, 27 (2-5), 197-201
Keywords: BLOOD/SWITZERLAND
Jorens, P.G., Hermans, C.R., Haber, I., Kockx, M.M., Vermylen, J. and Parizel, G.A.
   (1990), Acquired Protein-C and Protein-S Deficiency, Inflammatory Bowel-Disease
   and Cerebral Arterial Thrombosis. Blut, 61 (5), 307-310.
Abstract: Thromboembolic complications may occur in inflammatory bowel disease.
   Recently, we had the opportunity to observe a case of a cerebral arterial thrombosis
   in a young patient with active ulcerative colitis. Investigation of blood coagulation
   revealed a temporary Protein C, Protein S and Factor II deficiency. To our
   knowledge, this is the first reported case of a temporary Protein C and S deficiency
   in a patient with thrombosis and inflammatory bowel disease
Keywords:          CHILDHOOD/COAGULATION/INFLAMMATORY                              BOWEL
   DISEASE/NEW-YORK/PROTEIN-C/PROTEIN-S/STROKE/ULCERATIVE
   COLITIS/ULCERATIVE-COLITIS/VITAMIN-K
Kertesz, A. and Sheppard, A. (1981), The Epidemiology of Aphasic and Cognitive
   Impairment in Stroke - Age, Sex, Aphasia Type and Laterality Differences. Brain,
   104 (MAR), 117-128
Wise, R.J.S., Bernardi, S., Frackowiak, R.S.J., Legg, N.J. and Jones, T. (1983), Serial
   Observations on the Patho-Physiology of Acute Stroke - the Transition from
   Ischemia to Infarction As Reflected in Regional Oxygen Extraction. Brain, 106
   (MAR), 197-222
Robinson, R.G., Kubos, K.L., Starr, L.B., Rao, K. and Price, T.R. (1984), Mood
   Disorders in Stroke Patients - Importance of Location of Lesion. Brain, 107 (MAR),
   81-93
Zaidel, D.W. (1986), Memory for Scenes in Stroke Patients - Hemisphere Processing of
   Semantic Organization in Pictures. Brain, 109 547-560
Baron, J.C., Dantona, R., Pantano, P., Serdaru, M., Samson, Y. and Bousser, M.G.
   (1986), Effects of Thalamic Stroke on Energy-Metabolism of the Cerebral-Cortex -
   A Positron Tomography Study in Man. Brain, 109 1243-1259
Perani, D., Vallar, G., Cappa, S., Messa, C. and Fazio, F. (1987), Aphasia and Neglect
   After Subcortical Stroke - A Clinical Cerebral Perfusion Correlation Study. Brain,
   110 1211-1229
Basso, A., Capitani, E., Dellasala, S., Laiacona, M. and Spinnler, H. (1987), Recovery
   from Ideomotor Apraxia - A Study on Acute Stroke Patients. Brain, 110 747-760
Nakashima, K., Rothwell, J.C., Day, B.L., Thompson, P.D., Shannon, K. and Marsden,
   C.D. (1989), Reciprocal Inhibition Between Forearm Muscles in Patients with
   Writers Cramp and Other Occupational Cramps, Symptomatic Hemidystonia and
   Hemiparesis Due to Stroke. Brain, 112 681-697
House, A., Dennis, M., Warlow, C., Hawton, K. and Molyneux, A. (1990), Mood
   Disorders After Stroke and Their Relation to Lesion Location - A Ct Scan Study.
   Brain, 113 1113-1129
Keywords: BRAIN
Colebatch, J.G., Rothwell, J.C., Day, B.L., Thompson, P.D. and Marsden, C.D. (1990),
   Cortical Outflow to Proximal Arm Muscles in Man. Brain, 113 1843-1856.
Abstract: Corticospinal influences on two antagonistic muscles of the shoulder were
   studied in 6 normal volunteers. Recordings were made of the discharges of single
   motor units from the deltoid and pectoralis major muscles and poststimulus time
   histograms constructed following either anodal electrical or magnetic cortical
   stimulation via the scalp. Contralateral anodal stimulation caused narrow
   short-latency peaks of excitation in motor units from both muscles, probably
   indicative of the arrival of the D or direct corticospinal volley. The size of the peaks
   led to estimates of the underlying excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSP)
   amplitude of 5.5 mV for the deltoid and 2.2 mV for the pectoralis motor units.
   Magnetic stimulation over the vertex caused multiple early peaks of excitation in
   motor units from both muscles but these peaks began at a greater latency than those
   produced by anodal stimulation. Additionally, magnetic cortical stimulation (and
   occasionally, contralateral anodal stimulation) caused a previously undescribed
   period of medium latency excitation in both muscles. These medium latency periods
   of excitation differed from the earlier events in that they occurred independently of
   the direction of current flow in the magnetic coil. This raises the possibility that they
   are the consequence of stimulation of bilaterally distributed cortical motor outflow
   pathways. The short-latency excitation strongly suggests that, in man,
   corticomotoneuronal projections exist to proximal as well as distal muscles of the
   contralateral arm. The strength of the projection to deltoid assessed by this method is
   similar to that to an intrinsic muscle of the hand and significantly larger than that to
   its antagonist, pectoralis. The possible bilateral organization of the additional
   medium-latency projection to these proximal arm muscles may contribute to two
   characteristic clinical features after a unilateral cerebral lesion, such as stroke: the
   relative sparing of proximal arm strength compared with distal and, secondly,
   ipsilateral weakness
Keywords:
   BRAIN/CEREBRAL-CORTEX/ELECTRICAL-STIMULATION/HAND/HUMAN
   MOTOR                                        CORTEX/HUMAN-BRAIN/MAGNETIC
   STIMULATION/POTENTIALS/RESPONSES
Steinberg, A., Ishhorowitcz, M., Elpeleg, O., Mor, J. and Branski, D. (1986), Stroke in
   A Patient with Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome with A Good Outcome. Brain &
   Development, 8 (1), 70-72
Riege, W.H., Metter, E.J. and Hanson, W.R. (1988), Apparent Shift in Visual-Field
   Preference After Unilateral Stroke. Brain and Cognition, 7 (3), 361-373
Layman, S. and Greene, E. (1988), The Effect of Stroke on Object Recognition. Brain
   and Cognition, 7 (1), 87-114
Coslett, H.B. and Heilman, K.M. (1989), Hemihypokinesia After Right-Hemisphere
   Stroke. Brain and Cognition, 9 (2), 267-278
Sarno, M.T. and Levita, E. (1981), Some Observations on the Nature of Recovery in
   Global Aphasia After Stroke. Brain and Language, 13 (1), 1-12
Castrocaldas, A. and Confraria, A. (1984), Age and Type of Crossed Aphasia in
   Dextrals Due to Stroke. Brain and Language, 23 (1), 126-133
Habib, M., Alicherif, A., Poncet, M. and Salamon, G. (1987), Age-Related-Changes in
   Aphasia Type and Stroke Location. Brain and Language, 31 (2), 245-251
Huff, F.J., Mack, L., Mahlmann, J. and Greenberg, S. (1988), A Comparison of Lexical
   - Semantic Impairments in Left- Hemisphere Stroke and Alzheimers-Disease. Brain
   and Language, 34 (2), 262-278
Yang, B.J., Yang, T.C., Pan, H.C., Lai, S.J. and Yang, F. (1989), 3 Variant Forms of
   Subcortical Aphasia in Chinese Stroke Patients. Brain and Language, 37 (1),
   145-162
Howe, P.R.C., Lovenberg, W. and Chalmers, J.P. (1981), Increased Number of
   Pnmt-Immunofluorescent Nerve-Cell Bodies in the Medulla-Oblongata of
   Stroke-Prone Hypertensive Rats. Brain Research, 205 (1), 123-130
Ohno, K., Ito, U. and Inaba, Y. (1984), Regional Cerebral Blood-Flow and Stroke Index
   After Left Carotid-Artery Ligation in the Conscious Gerbil. Brain Research, 297 (1),
   151-157
Ariano, M.A. and Kenny, S.L. (1987), Neurochemical Differences in the Superior
   Cervical-Ganglion of the Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat Stroke-Prone Variant.
   Brain Research, 415 (1), 115-121
Cechetto, D.F., Wilson, J.X., Smith, K.E., Wolski, D., Silver, M.D. and Hachinski, V.C.
   (1989), Autonomic and Myocardial Changes in Middle Cerebral-Artery Occlusion -
   Stroke Models in the Rat. Brain Research, 502 (2), 296-305
Kitagawa, K., Matsumoto, M., Handa, N., Fukunaga, R., Ueda, H., Isaka, Y., Kimura, K.
   and Kamada, T. (1989), Prediction of Stroke-Prone Gerbils and Their Cerebral-
   Circulation. Brain Research, 479 (2), 263-269
Madden, K.P., Clark, W.M., Marcoux, F.W., Probert, A.W., Weber, M.L., Rivier, J. and
   Zivin, J.A. (1990), Treatment with Conotoxin, An N-Type Calcium-Channel Blocker,
   in Neuronal Hypoxic-Ischemic Injury. Brain Research, 537 (1-2), 256-262.
Abstract: Therapeutic efficacy of calcium channel blockers in stroke remains
   controversial, but previously used agents bind almost exclusively to L-type calcium
   channels. The newly-discovered N-type calcium channel is specific to neurons, and
   therapy involving blockade of this site has not been previously attempted. We
   assessed the neuroprotective effect of omega- conotoxin GVIA (CgTx), a blocker of
   N-type calcium channels, using both in vitro hypoxic injury to rat cortical neurons
   and an in vivo model of reversible spinal cord ischemia in the rabbit. In cell cultures,
   CgTx inhibited hypoxia-induced Ca-45 accumulation and neuronal injury minimally,
   compared to the NMDA antagonist ketamine. In vivo, the duration of spinal cord
   ischemia which produced permanent paraplegia in 50% of control animals (ET50)
   was 24.0 +/- 2.6 min. Animals treated 2 h prior to ischemia with 0.5 nmol CgTx in
   the subarachnoid space had a ET50 of 26.9 +/- 2.8 min (P = 0.36). Animals treated
   24 h prior to ischemia (all had persistent systemic tremor) had a ET50 of 28.9 +/- 1.8
   min (P = 0.13). We conclude that pharmacologic modulation of the N-type calcium
   channel does not provide a significant protective effect against neuronal
   hypoxic-ischemic injury
Keywords: ANTAGONISTS REDUCE/BRAIN/CALCIUM/CEREBRAL-ARTERY
   OCCLUSION/CONOTOXIN/DAMAGE/EXPERIMENTAL                                          CNS
   ISCHEMIA/GLUTAMATE/HYPOXIA/ISCHEMIA/KETAMINE/NETHERLAND
   S/NIMODIPINE/NMDA/OMEGA-                                     CONOTOXIN/PEPTIDE
   MODULATOR/RAT-BRAIN/RESPONSES/SPINAL CORD/SUBARACHNOID
Sugrue, D.D., Mckenna, W.J., Dickie, S., Myers, M.J., Lavender, J.P., Oakley, C.M.
   and Goodwin, J.F. (1984), Relation Between Left-Ventricular Gradient and Relative
   Stroke Volume Ejected in Early and Late Systole in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy -
   Assessment with Radionuclide Cineangiography. British Heart Journal, 52 (6),
   602-609
Ihlen, H., Myhre, E., Amlie, J.P., Forfang, K. and Larsen, S. (1985), Changes in
   Left-Ventricular Stroke Volume Measured by Doppler Echocardiography. British
   Heart Journal, 54 (4), 378-383
Towfiq, B.A., Weir, J. and Rawles, J.M. (1986), Effect of Age and Blood-Pressure on
   Aortic Size and Stroke Distance. British Heart Journal, 55 (6), 560-568
Ihlen, H., Endresen, K., Golf, S. and Nitterhauge, S. (1987), Cardiac Stroke Volume
   During Exercise Measured by Doppler Echocardiography - Comparison with the
   Thermodilution Technique and Evaluation of Reproducibility. British Heart Journal,
   58 (5), 455-459
Thompson, S.G., Greenberg, G. and Meade, T.W. (1989), Risk-Factors for Stroke and
   Myocardial-Infarction in Women in the United-Kingdom As Assessed in
   General-Practice - A Case- Control Study. British Heart Journal, 61 (5), 403-409
Todd, N.V. (1987), Improving Blood-Flow Following Stroke. British Journal of
   Clinical Practice, 41 (2), 593-595
Marshall, J. (1988), If I Had A Stroke. British Journal of Clinical Practice, 42 (11),
   445-447
Lincoln, N.B. and Tinson, D.J. (1989), The Relation Between Subjective and Objective
   Memory Impairment After Stroke. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 28 61-65
Kumana, C.R., Chan, G.T.C., Yu, Y.L., Lauder, I.J., Chan, T.K.P. and Kou, M. (1990),
   Investigation of Intravascular Hemolysis During Treatment of Acute Stroke with
   Intravenous Glycerol. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 29 (3), 347-353
Lincoln, N.B. and Mcguirk, E. (1986), Prediction of Language Recovery in Aphasic
   Stroke Patients Using the Porch Index of Communicative Ability. British Journal of
   Disorders of Communication, 21 (1), 83-88
Deboer, A.C., Turpie, A.G.G., Butt, R.W., Duke, R.J., Bloch, R.F. and Genton, E.
   (1982), Plasma Betathromboglobulin and Serum Fragment-e in Acute Partial Stroke.
   British Journal of Haematology, 50 (2), 327-334
Beard, M.E.J. and Hickton, C.M. (1982), Hemostasis in Heat-Stroke. British Journal of
   Haematology, 52 (2), 269-274
Lane, D.A., Wolff, S., Ireland, H., Gawel, M. and Foadi, M. (1983), Activation of
   Coagulation and Fibrinolytic Systems Following Stroke. British Journal of
   Haematology, 53 (4), 655-658
Allen, C.M.C. (1984), Predicting Recovery After Acute Stroke. British Journal of
   Hospital Medicine, 31 (6), 428-&
Harrison, M.J.G. (1984), Hypertension and Stroke. British Journal of Hospital Medicine,
   31 (3), 215-&
Mustafa, K.Y., Omer, O., Khogali, M., Jamjoom, A., Gumaa, K.A., Elnasr, N.A. and
   Gader, M.A. (1985), Blood-Coagulation and Fibrinolysis in Heat-Stroke. British
   Journal of Haematology, 61 (3), 517-523
Richards, P. (1985), Microsurgery for Stroke. British Journal of Hospital Medicine, 34
   (5), 273-&
Horrocks, M. (1986), The Surgical Prophylaxis of Stroke. British Journal of Hospital
   Medicine, 36 (1), 53-&
Wade, D.T. (1987), Who Looks After Stroke Patients. British Journal of Hospital
   Medicine, 37 (3), 200-&
Harrison, M.J.G. (1987), Surgery for Stroke. British Journal of Hospital Medicine, 37
   (3), 206-&
Gader, A.M.A., Almashhadani, S.A. and Alharthy, S.S. (1990), Direct Activation of
   Platelets by Heat Is the Possible Trigger of the Coagulopathy of Heat-Stroke. British
   Journal of Haematology, 74 (1), 86-92
Livingston, M.G. (1990), Rehabilitation in Neuropsychiatry. British Journal of Hospital
   Medicine, 44 (6), 402-404.
Abstract: Patients with neuropsychiatric disorders may present with multiple functional
   deficits. A rehabilitation approach tends to focus on problems presented and involve
   multidisciplinary assessment and therapeutic programmes. Ideally the programme
   should be flexible and tailored to the needs of the individual and his or her family
Keywords: STROKE
Bucher, J., Smith, E. and Gillespie, C. (1984), Short-Term Group-Therapy for Stroke
   Patients in A Rehabilitation Center. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 57 (SEP),
   283-290
Mclennan, F.M., Haites, N.E. and Rawles, J.M. (1987), Stroke and Minute Distance in
   Pregnancy - A Longitudinal-Study Using Doppler Ultrasound. British Journal of
   Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 94 (6), 499-506
Rawles, J.M., Schneider, K.T.M., Huch, R. and Huch, A. (1987), The Effect of Position
   and Delay on Stroke and Minute Distance in Late Pregnancy. British Journal of
   Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 94 (6), 507-511
Robinson, R.G., Starr, L.B. and Price, T.R. (1984), A 2 Year Longitudinal-Study of
   Mood Disorders Following Stroke - Prevalence and Duration at 6 Months Follow-Up.
   British Journal of Psychiatry, 144 (MAR), 256-262
Robinson, R.G., Bollawilson, K., Kaplan, E., Lipsey, J.R. and Price, T.R. (1986),
   Depression Influences Intellectual Impairment in Stroke Patients. British Journal of
   Psychiatry, 148 541-547
Ebrahim, S., Barer, D. and Nouri, F. (1987), Affective-Illness After Stroke. British
   Journal of Psychiatry, 151 52-56
Wade, D.T., Leghsmith, J. and Hewer, R.A. (1987), Depressed Mood After Stroke - A
   Community Study of Its Frequency. British Journal of Psychiatry, 151 200-205
Smith, F.W., Donald, R.T., Morris, A.J., Sharp, P.F. and Gemmell, H.G. (1988), The
   Study of Regional Cerebral Blood-Flow in Stroke Patients Using Technetium-99M
   Hmpao. British Journal of Radiology, 61 (725), 358-361
Takolander, R.J., Bergentz, S.E. and Ericsson, B.F. (1983), Carotid-Artery Surgery in
   Patients with Minor Stroke. British Journal of Surgery, 70 (1), 13-16
Smith, D.S., Goldenberg, E., Ashburn, A., Kinsella, G., Sheikh, K., Brennan, P.J.,
   Meade, T.W., Zutshi, D.W., Perry, J.D. and Reeback, J.S. (1981), Remedial Therapy
   After Stroke - A Randomized Controlled Trial. British Medical Journal, 282 (6263),
   517-520
Smith, R.G., Cruikshank, J.G., Dunbar, S. and Akhtar, A.J. (1982), Malalignment of the
   Shoulder After Stroke. British Medical Journal, 284 (6324), 1224-1226
Waters, H.J. and Perkin, J.M. (1982), Study of Stroke Patients in A Single
   General-Practice. British Medical Journal, 284 (6318), 791-793
Sandercock, P.A.G. (1983), Incidence of Stroke in Oxfordshire - 1St Years Experience
   of A Community Stroke Register. British Medical Journal, 287 (6394), 713-717
Fuller, J.H., Shipley, M.J., Rose, G., Jarrett, R.J. and Keen, H. (1983), Mortality from
   Coronary Heart-Disease and Stroke in Relation to Degree of Glycemia - the
   Whitehall Study. British Medical Journal, 287 (6396), 867-870
Tuomilehto, J., Nissinen, A., Wolf, E., Geboers, J., Piha, T. and Puska, P. (1985),
   Effectiveness of Treatment with Antihypertensive Drugs and Trends in Mortality
   from Stroke in the Community. British Medical Journal, 291 (6499), 857-861
Sandercock, P., Molyneux, A. and Warlow, C. (1985), Value of
   Computed-Tomography             in          Patients       with        Stroke        -
   Oxfordshire-Community-Stroke-Project. British Medical Journal, 290 (6463),
   193-197
Wilkins, M.R. and Kendall, M.J. (1985), Stroke Affecting Young Men After Alcoholic
   Binges. British Medical Journal, 291 (6505), 1342
Lindegard, B. and Langman, M.J.S. (1985), Marital State, Alcohol-Consumption, and
   Liability to Myocardial-Infarction, Stroke, Diabetes-Mellitus, Or Hypertension in
   Men from Gothenburg. British Medical Journal, 291 (6508), 1529-1533
Wright, A.J. (1985), An Unusual But Easily Treatable Cause of Dysphagia and
   Dysarthria Complicating Stroke. British Medical Journal, 291 (6506), 1412-1413
Gloag, D. (1985), Rehabilitation After Stroke .1. What Is the Potential. British Medical
   Journal, 290 (6469), 699-701
Gloag, D. (1985), Needs and Opportunities in Rehabilitation - Rehabilitation After
   Stroke .2. Language and Memory Training and the Requirements of Rehabilitation
   Services. British Medical Journal, 290 (6470), 768-771
Valori, R.M. and Leclerc, J. (1985), Lesson of the Week - Impacted Dentures
   Mimicking Brain-Stem Stroke in A Conscious Patient. British Medical Journal, 290
   (6479), 1413-1414
Jansen, P.A.F., Gribnau, F.W.J., Schulte, B.P.M. and Poels, E.F.J. (1986), Contribution
   of Inappropriate Treatment for Hypertension to Pathogenesis of Stroke in the Elderly.
   British Medical Journal, 293 (6552), 914-917
Bamford, J., Sandercock, P., Warlow, C. and Gray, M. (1986), Why Are Patients with
   Acute Stroke Admitted to Hospital. British Medical Journal, 292 (6532), 1369-1372
Wade, D.T., Leghsmith, J. and Hewer, R.L. (1986), Effects of Living with and Looking
   After Survivors of A Stroke. British Medical Journal, 293 (6544), 418-420
Alfredsson, L., Vonarbin, M. and Defaire, U. (1986), Mortality from and Incidence of
   Stroke in Stockholm. British Medical Journal, 292 (6531), 1299-1303
Bonita, R. and Beaglehole, R. (1986), Does Treatment of Hypertension Explain the
   Decline in Mortality from Stroke. British Medical Journal, 292 (6514), 191-192
Bonita, R., Scragg, R., Stewart, A., Jackson, R. and Beaglehole, R. (1986),
   Cigarette-Smoking and Risk of Premature Stroke in Men and Women. British
   Medical Journal, 293 (6538), 6-8
Barker, D.J.P. and Osmond, C. (1987), Death Rates from Stroke in England and Wales
   Predicted from Past Maternal Mortality. British Medical Journal, 295 (6590), 83-86
Wender, D. (1987), Craziness and Visions - Experiences After A Stroke. British
   Medical Journal, 295 (6613), 1595-1597
Carnwath, T.C.M. and Johnson, D.A.W. (1987), Psychiatric Morbidity Among Spouses
   of Patients with Stroke. British Medical Journal, 294 (6569), 409-411
Koskenvuo, M., Kaprio, J., Telakivi, T., Partinen, M., Heikkila, K. and Sarna, S. (1987),
   Snoring As A Risk Factor for Ischemic-Heart-Disease and Stroke in Men. British
   Medical Journal, 294 (6563), 16-19
Gordon, C., Hewer, R.L. and Wade, D.T. (1987), Dysphagia in Acute Stroke. British
   Medical Journal, 295 (6595), 411-414
Peart, W.S. (1988), Stroke and Coronary Heart-Disease in Mild Hypertension - Risk-
   Factors and the Value of Treatment. British Medical Journal, 296 (6636), 1565-1570
Paganinihill, A., Ross, R.K. and Henderson, B.E. (1988), Postmenopausal
   Estrogen-Treatment and Stroke - A Prospective- Study. British Medical Journal, 297
   (6647), 519-522
Koudstaal, P.J., Stibbe, J. and Vermeulen, M. (1988), Fatal Ischemic Brain Edema After
   Early Thrombolysis with Tissue Plasminogen-Activator in Acute Stroke. British
   Medical Journal, 297 (6663), 1571-1574
Barer, D.H., Cruickshank, J.M., Ebrahim, S.B. and Mitchell, J.R.A. (1988), Low-Dose
   Beta-Blockade in Acute Stroke (Best Trial) - An Evaluation. British Medical Journal,
   296 (6624), 737-741
Lodder, J., Dennis, M.S., Vanraak, L., Jones, L.N. and Warlow, C.P. (1988),
   Cooperative Study on the Value of Long-Term Anticoagulation in Patients with
   Stroke and Non-Rheumatic Atrial-Fibrillation. British Medical Journal, 296 (6634),
   1435-1438
House, A., Dennis, M., Molyneux, A., Warlow, C. and Hawton, K. (1989),
   Emotionalism After Stroke. British Medical Journal, 298 (6679), 991-994
Sandercock, P.A.G., Warlow, C.P., Jones, L.N. and Starkey, I.R. (1989), Predisposing
   Factors for Cerebral Infarction - the Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project. British
   Medical Journal, 298 (6666), 75-80
Shinton, R. and Beevers, G. (1989), Meta-Analysis of Relation Between
   Cigarette-Smoking and Stroke. British Medical Journal, 298 (6676), 789-794
Malmgren, R., Bamford, J., Warlow, C., Sandercock, P. and Slattery, J. (1989),
   Projecting the Number of Patients with 1St Ever Strokes and Patients Newly
   Handicapped by Stroke in England and Wales. British Medical Journal, 298 (6674),
   656-660
Abzalov, R.A. and Sitdikova, R.R. (1985), Effect of Hypokinesia and Muscular
   Training on Stroke Volume Control Patterns in Rats. Bulletin of Experimental
   Biology and Medicine, 100 (8), 1043-1045
Vasileva, E.M. (1990), Effect of Carbocyclin on Cardiac Atpase Activity in
   Normotensive and Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Bulletin of
   Experimental Biology and Medicine, 109 (3), 288-291
Keywords: NEW-YORK
Wakuri, Y., Hamatake, T. and Soejima, M. (1982), Studies on the Load
   Carrying-Capacity of A Crosshead-Pin Bearing in A 2-Stroke Cycle Diesel-Engine.
   Bulletin of the Jsme-Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, 25 (207), 1457-1464
Sato, K. and Kido, K. (1983), Simulation of the Gas-Exchange Process in A Small
   2-Stroke Cycle Engine .1. Theoretical Treatment. Bulletin of the Jsme-Japan Society
   of Mechanical Engineers, 26 (217), 1178-1187
Murakami, Y. and Ishihara, S. (1983), The Case of An Air-Cooled 2-Stroke-Cycle
   Engine - Thermal Deformation of the Clearance Between Cylinder and Piston.
   Bulletin of the Jsme-Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, 26 (221), 1914-1921
Sato, K. and Nakano, M. (1983), Simulation of the Gas-Exchange Process in A Small
   2-Stroke Cycle Engine .2. Comparison Between Experimental and Theoretical
   Treatments. Bulletin of the Jsme-Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, 26 (217),
   1188-1197
Furuhama, S. and Kobayashi, Y. (1985), Scavenging Characteristics and Supercharging
   Effects of 2- Stroke Hydrogen Injection Engine. Bulletin of the Jsme-Japan Society
   of Mechanical Engineers, 28 (240), 1173-1180
Enomoto, Y., Furuhama, S. and Minakami, K. (1985), Heat-Loss to
   Combustion-Chamber Wall of 4-Stroke Gasoline- Engine - (1St Report, Heat-Loss to
   Piston and Cylinder). Bulletin of the Jsme-Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers,
   28 (238), 647-655
Wakisaka, T., Shimamoto, Y., Isshiki, Y. and Shibata, T. (1986), Numerical-Simulation
   of Gas-Flows in the Cylinders of 4-Stroke Cycle Engines .1. Analysis of the Process
   of Swirl Generation During Intake Stroke. Bulletin of the Jsme-Japan Society of
   Mechanical Engineers, 29 (258), 4276-4284
Enomoto, Y. and Furuhama, S. (1986), Heat-Loss Into Combustion-Chamber Wall of
   4-Stroke Gasoline- Engine .2. Heat-Loss Into Cylinder Head, Intake and Exhaust
   Valves. Bulletin of the Jsme-Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, 29 (253),
   2196-2203
Ishida, K. and Yamada, T. (1986), Analysis of This Engine and Numerical
   Computation .1. Research on 2-Stroke Cycle Single Cylinder Vibrationless
   Reciprocating- Engine Chain Saw Utilizing An Internal Gearing System. Bulletin of
   the Jsme-Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, 29 (257), 3846-3853
Ishida, K. and Yamada, T. (1986), Trial Manufacture and Experiments .2. Researches
   on A 2-Stroke Cycle Single Cylinder Vibrationless Reciprocating-Engine Chain Saw
   Utilizing An Internal Gearing System. Bulletin of the Jsme-Japan Society of
   Mechanical Engineers, 29 (257), 3854-3860
Solomon, S. (1986), Recent Developments in the Diagnosis and Management of Stroke.
   Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 62 (3), 250-261
Vardy, D.A., Khoury, M., Benmeir, P., Benyakar, Y. and Shoenfeld, Y. (1989), Full
   Skin Thickness Burns Caused by Contact with the Pavement in A Heat-Stroke
   Victim. Burns, 15 (2), 115-116
Grehan, R. (1990), Stroke-Character Graphics. Byte, 15 (1), 351-&
Caseby, N.G. (1983), Postpartum Stroke Successfully Treated with High-Dose
   Pentobarbital Therapy - A Case-Report. Canadian Anaesthetists Society Journal, 30
   (1), 77-83
Collins, D. (1981), Rehabilitation of the Elderly Stroke Patient. Canadian Family
   Physician, 27 (OCT), 1595-1597
Mccormick, C.W. (1983), Recognition and Management of Threatened Stroke.
   Canadian Family Physician, 29 (JAN), 79-83
Hajek, V.E. and Mccann, T.J. (1985), Rehabilitation of Stroke Patients in A Day
   Hospital. Canadian Family Physician, 31 (AUG), 1501-1503
Devlin, M., Tepperman, P. and Soric, R. (1985), Stroke Rehabilitation - Would Your
   Patient Benefit. Canadian Family Physician, 31 (AUG), 1497-1499
Lo, R.C. (1986), Recovery and Rehabilitation After Stroke. Canadian Family Physician,
   32 1851-1853
Clifford, J.C. (1986), Managing Disability from Stroke. Canadian Family Physician,
   32 605-&
Graham, A.F. (1987), The Heart-And-Stroke-Foundation-Of-Ontario. Canadian Family
   Physician, 33 1007-1010
Varughese, J. (1989), Aspirin in Heart-Disease, Transient Ischemic Attacks, and Stroke.
   Canadian Family Physician, 35 2083-2085
Martin, W.R.W. and Hashimoto, S.A. (1982), Stroke in Coronary-Bypass Surgery.
   Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 9 (1), 21-26
Spencer, J.A. and Czarnecki, J.S.C. (1983), The Pupil in Stroke. Canadian Journal of
   Ophthalmology-Journal Canadien D Ophtalmologie, 18 (5), 226-227
Tobian, L. (1986), High Potassium Diets Markedly Protect Against Stroke Deaths and
   Kidney-Disease in Hypertensive Rats, A Possible Legacy from Prehistoric Times.
   Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 64 (6), 840-848
Cote, R., Battista, R.N., Wolfson, C.M. and Hachinski, V. (1988), Stroke Assessment
   Scales - Guidelines for Development, Validation, and Reliability Assessment.
   Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 15 (3), 261-265
Voll, C.L., Chetty, N. and Atkinson, P. (1989), Platelet Aggregability in Sleep-Related
   Stroke. Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 16 (1), 71-77
Phillips, S.J., Maloney, W.J. and Gray, J. (1989), Pure Motor Stroke Due to Vertebral
   Artery Dissection. Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 16 (3), 348-351
Rees, M., Haennel, R.G., Black, W.R. and Kappagoda, T. (1990), Effect of
   Rate-Adapting Atrioventricular Delay on Stroke Volume and Cardiac-Output During
   Atrial Synchronous Pacing. Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 6 (10), 445-452.
Abstract: The need to adjust atrioventricular delay relative to pacing rate in atrial
   synchronous pacemakers was assessed in eight subjects treated for complete heart
   block (mean age 61 +/- 3.4 years). First, an inverse relationship between heart rate
   and PR interval was confirmed in two groups of healthy subjects and one group of
   patients recovering from myocardial infarction. Due to the limitations of the
   available pacemakers this relationship could not be precisely reproduced. Subjects
   with pacemakers performed an initial exercise test on a bicycle ergometer to
   determine heart rate response; this information was used in part 2 to program
   atrioventricular delay relative to heart rate. During a second exercise test, a
   rate-adapting atrioventricular delay was compared to a constant atrioventricular delay
   of 200 ms at matched heart rates. Cardiac output was measured noninvasively by
   impedance cardiography. The results of part 1 showed an abnormal pattern in the
   response of stroke volume to exercise in seven subjects. Part 2 results demonstrated
   no significant difference (P > 0.05) between a rate-adapting atrioventricular delay
   and a constant delay of 200 ms for heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output, blood
   pressure or Borg scale. A trend towards increased stroke volume with a rate-adapting
   atrioventricular delay was observed. Stroke volume was 13% larger with a rate-
   adapting atrioventricular delay of 125 ms at a heart rate of 125 beats/min. These
   results suggest that subjects with atrial synchronous pacemakers have a variable
   stroke volume response to exercise. It appears that in these subjects the ability to
   increase heart rate is the key factor for raising cardiac output during exercise
Keywords: CANADA/CARDIAC OUTPUT/EXERCISE/PACEMAKERS
Kolb, B. (1990), Recovery from Occipital Stroke - A Self-Report and An Inquiry Into
   Visual Processes. Canadian Journal of Psychology-Revue Canadienne de
   Psychologie, 44 (2), 130-147
Phillips, S.J. (1990), Is Atrial-Fibrillation An Independent Risk Factor for Stroke.
   Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 17 (2), 163-168
Barnett, H.J.M. (1990), Stroke in Women. Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 6 B11-B17
Stadnyk, A.N. and Glezos, J.D. (1983), Drug-Induced Heat-Stroke. Canadian Medical
   Association Journal, 128 (8), 957-959
Geeraert, A.J. and Alsaigh, A.H. (1987), Spontaneous Dissection of the Carotid-Artery -
   An Unusual Cause of Stroke in Younger Patients. Canadian Medical Association
   Journal, 136 (1), 51-53
Mirsen, T.R. and Hachinski, V.C. (1988), Transient Ischemic Attacks and Stroke.
  Canadian Medical Association Journal, 138 (12), 1099-1105
Sherman, R., Copes, R., Stewart, R.K., Dowling, G. and Guidotti, T.L. (1989),
  Occupational Death Due to Heat-Stroke - Report of 2 Cases. Canadian Medical
  Association Journal, 140 (9), 1057-1058
Tuomilehto, J., Geboers, J., Joossens, J.V. and Wolf, E. (1987), Trends in Stroke and
  Stomach-Cancer in Austria Compared to Selected Eastern and Western
  European-Countries. Cancer Detection and Prevention , 10 (3-4), 311-319
Chia, B.L. (1981), Electrocardiographic Abnormalities and Congestive Cardiac- Failure
  Due to Lightning-Stroke. Cardiology, 68 (1), 49-53
Rossi, A. and Ziacchi, V. (1990), Hemodynamic-Effects of Slow-Release Nifedipine in
  Severe Congestive-Heart-Failure Due to Ischemic-Heart-Disease. Cardiology, 77 (6),
  450-458.
Abstract: Haemodynamic effects of nifedipine (NIF) tablets were studied for 12 h in 10
  patients with severe congestive heart failure due to ischaemic heart disease. A
  significant reduction (p < 0.001) in systemic and pulmonary vascular resistances and
  pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, was observed, at rest and after hand grip
  exercise, while cardiac index and stroke volume index increased significantly (p <
  0.001). Reductions in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and increases in heart rate
  were hardly significant. Variations were found between 8 and 10 h (confidence
  interval). The maximum NIF plasma concentration was 33.3 +/- 27.2 ng/ml after 6 h.
  The improvement in cardiac performance produced by NIF tablets was of substantial
  duration with twice-daily administration
Keywords: ATHEROSCLEROSIS/CALCIUM- ANTAGONISTS/CONGESTIVE
  HEART               FAILURE/CORONARY-ARTERY                           DISEASE/DILATED
  CARDIOMYOPATHY/DYNAMICS/EXERCISE/HEMODYNAMIC
  EFFECTS/HEMODYNAMICS/LEFT-VENTRICULAR                                FUNCTION/MITRAL
  REGURGITATION/NIFEDIPINE/SLOW-RELEASE/SWITZERLAND/VASODIL
  ATORS
Wong, M.C.W., Giuliani, M.J. and Haley, E.C. (1990), Cerebrovascular-Disease and
  Stroke in Women. Cardiology, 77 80-90
Keywords: SWITZERLAND
Pan, G. and Wright, K.C. (1987), Clot Embolic Stroke in the Vertebrobasilar System of
  Rabbits - A Trans-Femoral Angiographic Technique.                     Cardiovascular and
  Interventional Radiology, 10 (5), 285-290
Scognamiglio, R. and Fasoli, G. (1990), Effects of Nifedipine on Left-Ventricular
  Diastolic Dysfunction After Myocardial-Infarction. Cardiovascular Drugs and
  Therapy, 4 923-928.
Abstract: In order to assess the effects of nifedipine on left ventricular diastolic
  abnormalities, 26 patients (mean age 52 year, range 42-66) were studied 10 days
  after a first myocardial infarction, at rest and during handgrip by Doppler
  examination. The time-velocity integral for the rapid (E) and atrial (A) filling phases
  and the E/A ration were used; stroke volume was calculated as the aortic
  time-velocity integral times the cross-sectional valvular area. Twenty age-matched
  normal subjects constituted the controls. Twenty-one patients had a reversal of the
  early to late diastolic filling pattern; five patients had a restrictive pattern. Nifedipine
  normalized left ventricular filling in patients with a reverse pattern, both at rest and
  during handgrip. Moreover, these patients showed a descending left ventricular
  function curve by relating at rest and handgrip values of cardiac index and the E/A
  ratio. After nifedipine, these study patients showed an ascending left ventricular
  curve, similar to that of normal subjects, with an increase in cardiac index and a
  slight decrease in the E/R ratio. No beneficial effects were detectable in patients with
  a restrictive pattern of left ventricular filling
Keywords:                        DIASTOLIC                         FUNCTION/DOPPLER
  ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY/DRUG/DRUG
  THERAPY/NETHERLANDS/NIFEDIPINE/THERAPY
Natale, E., Ricci, R. and Milazzotto, F. (1990), Effects of Acute Administration of
  Gallopamil on Left- Ventricular Relaxation and Filling Dynamics in Acute
  Myocardial-Infarction Assessed by Doppler Echocardiography. Cardiovascular
  Drugs and Therapy, 4 (6), 1509-1513.
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess the acute effect of an intravenous
  bolus of the calcium antagonist gallopamil on left ventricular diastolic function using
  Doppler echocardiography. Fifteen patients with acute myocardial infarction in the
  first Killip class and sinus rhythm were randomized to an intravenous bolus of
  gallopamil (50-mu-g/kg over 5 minutes) or placebo in a crossover sequence. Doppler
  echocardiography was performed at baseline and 15 minutes after each bolus. No
  patients had received calcium antagonists or beta blockers before the study; all
  patients received nitroglycerin, which was withdrawn at least 2 hours before the
  baseline Doppler echocardiogram. The following Doppler parameters were
  calculated: the early (E) and late (A) peak filling velocities, the velocities ratio (E/A),
  the diastolic filling time-velocity integral (TVI), the peak filling rate normalized to
  the mitral stroke volume (nMPFR), the isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT), and the
  systolic flow velocity integral (SFVI). Expressing the parameters measured after a
  gallopamil bolus as the percent change of those measured after placebo, E, E/A, and
  nMPFR increased by 25.5 +/- 11.5%, 30.6 +/- 15.5%, and 19.0 +/- 12.2%,
  respectively (p < 0.001); IVRT decreased by 13.5 +/- 7.0% (p < 0.001); and TVI
  increased mildly by 6.9 +/- 9.9% (p = 0.01). SFVI and A did not change significantly.
  Negligible differences were observed between placebo and baseline values. Heart
  rate, mean blood pressure, and left ventricular and atrial diameters did not change
  significantly. It was concluded that gallopamil infusion improves early left
  ventricular filling and relaxation in patients with acute myocardial infarction.
  Considering the unchanged loading conditions, this indicates an improvement in left
  ventricular diastolic performance
Keywords:           ACUTE              MYOCARDIAL              INFARCTION/CALCIUM
  ANTAGONISTS/CARE/DIASTOLIC                                       FUNCTION/DOPPLER
  ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY/DRUG/DRUG                           THERAPY/GALLOPAMIL/LEFT
  VENTRICULAR                           FILLING/LEFT                      VENTRICULAR
  RELAXATION/NETHERLANDS/THERAPY
Vanderwalt, J.J., Vanrooyen, J.M., Cilliers, G.D., Vanryssen, J.C.J. and Vanaarde, M.N.
  (1981), Ratio of Cardiopulmonary Blood-Volume to Stroke Volume As An Index of
  Cardiac-Function in Animals and in Man. Cardiovascular Research, 15 (10),
  580-587
Baan, J., Jong, T.T.A., Kerkhof, P.L.M., Moene, R.J., Vandijk, A.D., Vandervelde, E.T.
  and Koops, J. (1981), Continuous Stroke Volume and Cardiac-Output from
  Intraventricular Dimensions Obtained with Impedance Catheter. Cardiovascular
  Research, 15 (6), 328-334
Ebert, T.J., Eckberg, D.L., Vetrovec, G.M. and Cowley, M.J. (1984), Impedance
  Cardiograms Reliably Estimate Beat-By-Beat Changes of Left-Ventricular Stroke
  Volume in Humans. Cardiovascular Research, 18 (6), 354-360
Vanrooyen, J.M. and Vanderwalt, J.J. (1989), The Regulation of the Ratio of the
   Cardiopulmonary Blood-Volume to Stroke Volume in Sheep. Cardiovascular
   Research, 23 (5), 453-459
Gueret, P., Meerbaum, S., Zwehl, W., Wyatt, H.L., Davidson, R.M., Uchiyama, T. and
   Corday, E. (1981), Two-Dimensional Echocardiographic Assessment of Left-
   Ventricular Stroke Volume - Experimental Correlation with Thermodilution and
   Cineangiography in Normal and Ischemic States. Catheterization and
   Cardiovascular Diagnosis, 7 (3), 247-258
Lindboe, C.F., Dahl, T. and Rostad, B. (1989), Fatal Stroke in Migraine - A
   Case-Report with Autopsy Findings. Cephalalgia, 9 (4), 277-280
Sacquegna, T., Andreoli, A., Baldrati, A., Lamieri, C., Guttmann, S., Decarolis, P.,
   Dipasquale, G., Pinelli, G., Testa, C. and Lugaresi, E. (1989), Ischemic Stroke in
   Young-Adults - the Relevance of Migrainous Infarction. Cephalalgia, 9 (4), 255-258
Uchida, S., Ohta, H., Niwa, M., Mori, A., Nonaka, G., Nishioka, I. and Ozaki, M.
   (1990), Prolongation of Life-Span of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats
   (Shrsp) Ingesting Persimmon Tannin. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 38 (4),
   1049-1052
Keywords: JAPAN
Nelles, J., Mey, F. and Adler, R. (1988), Experimental and Calculating Methods of
   Investigations of Reaction-Engineering Heterogeneous-Gas-Catalytic Processes .20.
   Turbo-Stroke-Reactors T-1 and T-2 in the System of Gradientless Laboratory
   Reactors According to the Modular Principle - Construction, Mode of Operation and
   Prospects. Chemische Technik, 40 (5), 193-195
Levin, J.O., Nilsson, C.A. and Norstrom, A. (1984), Sampling and Analysis of
   Polycyclic Aromatic-Hydrocarbons (Pah) from 2-Stroke Chain-Saw Engines.
   Chemosphere, 13 (3), 427-435
Rasmussen, S., Corya, B.C., Phillips, J.F. and Black, M.J. (1982), Unreliability of
   M-Mode Left-Ventricular Dimensions for Calculating Stroke Volume and
   Cardiac-Output in Patients Without Heart-Disease. Chest, 81 (5), 614-619
Her, C. (1983), Right Ventricular Stroke-Work - An Index of Distribution of Pulmonary
   Perfusion in Acute Respiratory-Failure. Chest, 84 (6), 719-724
Zahger, D., Moses, A. and Weiss, A.T. (1989), Evidence of Prolonged Myocardial
   Dysfunction in Heat-Stroke. Chest, 95 (5), 1089-1091
Scarfo, G.B., Piane, R., Mencattini, G. and Tomaccini, D. (1982), Stroke-Like Onset of
   Pineal Region Tumors in 2 Children. Childs Brain, 9 (3-4), 274-279
Wanifuchi, H., Kagawa, M., Takeshita, M., Izawa, M. and Kitamura, K. (1988),
   Ischemic Stroke in Infancy, Childhood, and Adolescence. Childs Nervous System, 4
   (6), 361-364
Wu, Y.K., Yu, J.S., Lu, C.Q., Wu, Z.S., Chen, Y.F. and Yu, M.H. (1981), A 5-Year
   Report on Community Control of Hypertension, Stroke and Coronary Heart-Disease
   in the Shijingshan-People-Commune, Beijing. Chinese Medical Journal, 94 (4),
   233-236
Wu, R.Q., Zhu, J.K., Zhang, C. and Zhang, Y.J. (1982), Extra-Intracranial Arterial
   Bypass in 278 Cases with Severe Ischemic Complete Stroke. Chinese Medical
   Journal, 95 (8), 583-588
Wu, R.Q., Zhu, J.K., Zhang, C., Zhang, Y.J., Zhang, S.M. and Zhao, M.X. (1986),
   Follow-Up-Study on 250 Patients with Extra-Intracranial Arterial Bypass Operation
   for Ischemic Stroke. Chinese Medical Journal, 99 (9), 703-707
Pan, T.B. (1987), Correlation Between Stroke Onset and Atmospheric Humidity,
   Temperature and Pressure. Chinese Medical Journal, 100 (7), 603-604
Shi, Y.M., Wang, G.Q., Zheng, H.M., Niu, L.Z., Chen, D.R. and Xue, G.B. (1988),
   Effect of Comprehensive Management on Stroke Prevention. Chinese Medical
   Journal, 101 (5), 361-364
Liu, L.S., Zhao, Y., Lei, Y.P., Wang, W., Zhang, X.E. and Jin, L. (1989),
   Calcium-Antagonists in Prevention of Hypertension and Stroke in Stroke Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Chinese Medical Journal, 102 (2), 106-113
Chen, D.G., Feng, Q.P., Wang, Z.Q. and Chen, K. (1990), Nifedipine
   Pharmacodynamics and Pharmacokinetics in Treatment of Congestive-Heart-Failure.
   Chinese Medical Journal, 103 (12), 1008-1014.
Abstract: In 22 of 27 cases of congestive heart failure (CHF) treated with nifedipine
   (NIF), significant improvements in resting hemodynamics were noticed. The higher
   the basal systemic vascular resistance (SVR) and pulmonary artery end diastolic
   pressure (PAEDP), the greater the magnitude of reduction was achieved (r = 0.84 and
   0.77, P < 0.01, respectively). Exercise hemodynamic investigation showed that NIF
   lowered SVR, PAEDP and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), with an increase in
   stroke volume (SV) at the serum concentration of 5-10 ng/ml. Maximum effect was
   observed at the concentration of 20 ng/ml. No further vasodilation was attainable
   with serum concentrations above 20 ng/ml. No remarkable deviation of NIF
   pharmacokinetic parameters from the normal ranges was found in CHF patients. The
   plasma norepinephrine level decreased markedly 2 and 7 hours after the use of NIF.
   It is concluded that oral NIF is beneficial to severe CHF patients with low cardiac
   output and high SVR
Keywords: AGENTS/ASSOCIATION/CHINESE
Hagberg, J.M., Ehsani, A.A. and Holloszy, J.O. (1983), Effect of 12 Months of Intense
   Exercise Training on Stroke Volume in Patients with Coronary-Artery Disease.
   Circulation, 67 (6), 1194-1199
Rodeheffer, R.J., Gerstenblith, G., Becker, L.C., Fleg, J.L., Weisfeldt, M.L. and Lakatta,
   E.G. (1984), Exercise Cardiac-Output Is Maintained with Advancing Age in
   Healthy-Human Subjects - Cardiac Dilatation and Increased Stroke Volume
   Compensate for A Diminished Heart-Rate. Circulation, 69 (2), 203-213
Mckay, R.G., Spears, J.R., Aroesty, J.M., Baim, D.S., Royal, H.D., Heller, G.V.,
   Lincoln, W., Salo, R.W., Braunwald, E. and Grossman, W. (1984), Instantaneous
   Measurement of Left and Right Ventricular Stroke Volume and Pressure-Volume
   Relationships with An Impedance Catheter. Circulation, 69 (4), 703-710
Karam, M., Wise, R.A., Natarajan, T.K., Permutt, S. and Wagner, H.N. (1984),
   Mechanism of Decreased Left-Ventricular Stroke Volume During Inspiration in Man.
   Circulation, 69 (5), 866-873
Lewis, J.F., Kuo, L.C., Nelson, J.G., Limacher, M.C. and Quinones, M.A. (1984),
   Pulsed Doppler Echocardiographic Determination of Stroke Volume and
   Cardiac-Output - Clinical Validation of 2 New Methods Using the Apical Window.
   Circulation, 70 (3), 425-431
Ausubel, K., Steingart, R.M., Shimshi, M., Klementowicz, P. and Furman, S. (1985),
   Maintenance of Exercise Stroke Volume During Ventricular Versus Atrial
   Synchronous Pacing - Role of Contractility. Circulation, 72 (5), 1037-1043
Glower, D.D., Spratt, J.A., Snow, N.D., Kabas, J.S., Davis, J.W., Olsen, C.O., Tyson,
   G.S., Sabiston, D.C. and Rankin, J.S. (1985), Linearity of the Frank-Starling
   Relationship in the Intact Heart - the Concept of Preload Recruitable Stroke Work.
   Circulation, 71 (5), 994-1009
Olsen, C.O., Tyson, G.S., Maier, G.W., Davis, J.W. and Rankin, J.S. (1985),
   Diminished Stroke Volume During Inspiration - A Reverse Thoracic Pump.
   Circulation, 72 (3), 668-679
Kenny, J.F., Plappert, T., Doubilet, P., Saltzman, D.H., Cartier, M., Zollars, L.,
   Leatherman, G.F. and Sutton, M.G.S. (1986), Changes in Intracardiac Blood-Flow
   Velocities and Right and Left-Ventricular Stroke Volumes with Gestational-Age in
   the Normal Human-Fetus - A Prospective Doppler Echocardiographic Study.
   Circulation, 74 (6), 1208-1216
Kenny, J., Plappert, T., Doubilet, P., Salzman, D. and Sutton, M.G.S. (1987), Effects of
   Heart-Rate on Ventricular Size, Stroke Volume, and Output in the Normal
   Human-Fetus - A Prospective Doppler Echocardiographic Study. Circulation, 76 (1),
   52-58
Natarajan, T.K., Wise, R.A., Karam, M., Permutt, S. and Wagner, H.N. (1987),
   Immediate Effect of Expiratory Loading on Left-Ventricular Stroke Volume.
   Circulation, 75 (1), 139-145
Christie, J., Sheldahl, L.M., Tristani, F.E., Sagar, K.B., Ptacin, M.J. and Wann, S.
   (1987), Determination of Stroke Volume and Cardiac-Output During Exercise -
   Comparison of Two-Dimensional and Doppler Echocardiography, Fick Oximetry,
   and Thermodilution. Circulation, 76 (3), 539-547
Zisbrod, Z., Rose, D.M., Jacobowitz, I.J., Kramer, M., Acinapura, A.J. and Cunningham,
   J.N. (1987), Results of Open-Heart-Surgery in Patients with Recent Cardiogenic
   Embolic Stroke and Central-Nervous-System Dysfunction. Circulation, 76 (5),
   109-112
Shimamoto, T., Komachi, Y., Inada, H., Doi, M., Iso, H., Sato, S., Kitamura, A., Iida,
   M., Konishi, M., Nakanishi, N., Terao, A., Naito, Y. and Kojima, S. (1989), Trends
   for Coronary Heart-Disease and Stroke and Their Risk- Factors in Japan. Circulation,
   79 (3), 503-515
Fann, J.I., Sarris, G.E., Miller, D.C., Mitchell, R.S., Oyer, P.E., Stinson, E.B. and
   Shumway, N.E. (1989), Surgical-Management of Acute Aortic Dissection
   Complicated by Stroke. Circulation, 80 (3), 257-263
Beebe, H.G., Clagett, G.P., Deweese, J.A., Moore, W.S., Robertson, J.T., Sandok, B.
   and Wolf, P.A. (1989), Assessing Risk Associated with Carotid Endarterectomy - A
   Statement for Health-Professionals by An Ad Hoc Committee on Carotid Surgery
   Standards of the Stroke Council, American- Heart-Association. Circulation, 79 (2),
   472-473
Werber, A.H. and Heistad, D.D. (1984), Effects of Chronic Hypertension and
   Sympathetic-Nerves on the Cerebral Microvasculature of Stroke-Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Circulation Research, 55 (3), 286-294
Sunagawa, K., Maughan, W.L. and Sagawa, K. (1985), Optimal Arterial Resistance for
   the Maximal Stroke Work Studied in Isolated Canine Left-Ventricle. Circulation
   Research, 56 (4), 586-595
Higginbotham, M.B., Morris, K.G., Williams, R.S., Mchale, P.A., Coleman, R.E. and
   Cobb, F.R. (1986), Regulation of Stroke Volume During Submaximal and Maximal
   Upright Exercise in Normal Man. Circulation Research, 58 (2), 281-291
Arai, H., Nakao, K., Saito, Y., Morii, N., Sugawara, A., Yamada, T., Itoh, H., Shiono,
   S., Mukoyama, M., Ohkubo, H., Nakanishi, S. and Imura, H. (1988), Augmented
   Expression of Atrial Natriuretic Polypeptide Gene in Ventricles of Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats (Shr) and Shr- Stroke Prone. Circulation Research, 62 (5),
   926-930
Joseph, R., Welch, K.M.A., Oster, S.B., Grunfeld, S. and Dandrea, G. (1989), A
   Plasmatic Factor May Cause Platelet Activation in Acute Ischemic Stroke.
   Circulation Research, 65 (6), 1679-1687
Doll, N.J. and Salvaggio, J.E. (1981), Stroke and Gangrene - Complications of
   Therapeutic Plasma- Exchange Therapy. Clinical and Experimental Dialysis and
   Apheresis, 5 (4), 415-421
Rascher, W., Dietz, R., Schomig, A., Voss, U. and Gross, F. (1983), Effects of Neonatal
   Sympathectomy by 6-Hydroxydopamine on Blood-Pressure and Intravascular
   Volume in Young Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Clinical and
   Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology, 10 (1), 27-33
Howe, P.R.C., Rogers, P.F. and Smith, R.M. (1985), Retarded Development of
   Hypertension in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats Following Chronic
   Alcohol- Consumption. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology,
   12 (3), 273-277
Minematsu, K., Yamaguchi, T., Tsuchiya, M., Ito, K., Ikeda, M. and Omae, T. (1987),
   Effect of Angiotensin Converting-Enzyme-Inhibitor (Captopril) on Cerebral
   Blood-Flow in Hypertensive Patients Without A History of Stroke. Clinical and
   Experimental Hypertension Part A-Theory and Practice, 9 (2-3), 551-557
Hales, J.R.S., Khogali, M., Fawcett, A.A. and Mustafa, M.K.Y. (1987), Circulatory
   Changes Associated with Heat-Stroke - Observations in An Experimental
   Animal-Model. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology, 14 (10),
   761-777
Kawashima, K., Watanabe, T.X., Sokabe, H. and Saito, K. (1987), Prevention of Renal
   Damage and Decrease of Urinary Kinins Excretion by Chronic Treatments with
   Enalapril and Captopril in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Clinical
   and Experimental Hypertension Part A-Theory and Practice, 9 (2-3), 409-413
Ashihara, T., Takeshita, A., Imaizumi, T., Yamamoto, K., Hoka, S. and Nakamura, M.
   (1988), Decreased Hindquarters Venous Distensibility During High Salt Intake in
   Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Clinical and Experimental
   Hypertension Part A-Theory and Practice, 10 (1), 59-78
Mcneil, J.J. (1989), Analysis of Antihypertensive Treatment Outcome and Stroke.
   Clinical and Experimental Hypertension Part A-Theory and Practice, 11 (5-6),
   761-777
Macmahon, S. (1989), The Effects of Antihypertensive Drug-Treatment on the
   Incidence of Stroke and of Coronary Heart-Disease. Clinical and Experimental
   Hypertension Part A-Theory and Practice, 11 (5-6), 807-823
Sunano, S., Shimada, T., Moriyama, K. and Shimamura, K. (1990), Relaxation of
   Mesenteric-Artery of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats by Calcium
   Removal. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology, 17 (6), 413-425
Keywords: AUSTRALIA
Barrettconnor, E. (1990), Obesity, Hypertension and Stroke. Clinical and Experimental
   Hypertension Part A-Theory and Practice, 12 (5), 769-782
Corea, M., Kloss, R., Stober, T., Schimrigk, K. and Keller, H.E. (1989), Elevated Serum
   Ck-Bb Levels in Patients with Cerebral Transtentorial Herniation After Ischemic
   Stroke. Clinical Biochemistry, 22 (2), 131-134
Miller, V.T. (1990), Transient Ischemic Attacks and Ischemic Stroke - Indications for
   Anticoagulation. Clinical Cardiology, 13 (4), 29-30
Watanabe, Y., Shikano, M., Ohba, M., Ohkubo, M. and Niwa, T. (1989), Correlation
   Between Somatosensory Evoked-Potentials and Sensory Disturbance in Stroke
   Patients. Clinical Electroencephalography, 20 (3), 156-161
Stoltz, J.F., Penin, F., Voisin, P., Gaillard, S., Donner, M. and Streiff, F. (1985),
   Blood-Viscosity and Platelet Parameters During Recent Cerebral Vascular Stroke in
   Elderly Patients. Clinical Hemorheology, 5 (6), 965-973
Anadere, I., Chmiel, H. and Witte, S. (1985), Hemorheological Findings in Patients
   with Completed Stroke and the Influence of A Ginkgo Biloba Extract. Clinical
   Hemorheology, 5 (5), 411-420
Coull, B.M., Beamer, N.B. and Seaman, G.V.F. (1986), Physicochemical Risk-Factors
   in Stroke. Clinical Hemorheology, 6 (1), 17-33
Lechner, H., Ott, E., Ossama, N. and Fazekas, F. (1986), Follow-Up-Studies of the
   Hemorheologic Profile in Acute Ischemic Stroke. Clinical Hemorheology, 6 (1), 3-9
Candelise, L. (1986), Italian Acute Stroke Study Hemodilution (Iass-H)-Organization
   and Methodology. Clinical Hemorheology, 6 (1), 11-16
Wang, B.P. and Sun, F.C. (1988), Treatment of Ischemic Cerebral Stroke by Isovolumic
   Hemodilution. Clinical Hemorheology, 8 (2), 269-272
Claudio, T., Antonio, C., Enzo, M., Andrea, M., Oreste, P., Manfredo, S. and Sergio, T.
   (1990), Effects of Iv Glycerol on Some Hemorheological Parameters in Patients with
   Acute Stroke. Clinical Hemorheology, 10 (2), 185-189
Gorsselink, E.L. and Lodder, J. (1985), Pure Sensory Stroke with Lacunar Infarction in
   the Posterior Ventral Thalamus on Ct. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, 87 (1),
   45-46
Dereus, R., Dereuck, J., Vermander, F., Dekeyser, H., Kint, A. and Vandevelde, E.
   (1985), Livedo Racemosa Generalisata and Stroke. Clinical Neurology and
   Neurosurgery, 87 (2), 143-148
Krijnekubat, B., Lodder, J. and Vanderlugt, P.J.M. (1987), Hemorrhagic Infarction on
   Ct in Cardioembolic Stroke. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, 89 (2), 103-105
Viriyavejakul, A. (1990), Stroke in Asia - An Epidemiologic Consideration. Clinical
   Neuropharmacology, 13 S26-S33.
Abstract: Although the study of the epidemiology of stroke in developed Western
   countries (as judged from the number of relevant articles published in international
   medical journals) is extensive, in Asian countries it has been comparatively limited
   (with the exception of Japan). Many of the studies from Asian countries also appear
   to be deficient, thus making comparison between the countries difficult. In addition,
   many of these studies are believed to be published in local journals not usually cited
   and difficult to retrieve from, and relevant and retrievable data from many
   developing countries often show considerable time lapse, making a meaningful
   comparison between countries even more difficult. In Thailand, Public Health
   Statistics show that stroke has been on the increase. Taken as an example, the death
   rate from cerebrovascular disease (CVD) was 3.7/100,000 in 1950, rising to
   6.7/100,000 in 1970, and to 11.8/100,000 in 1983. In 1984, there were 9,414 cases of
   CVD admitted to hospitals in Thailand. The incidence (in patients) increased from
   12.7/100,000 in 1981 to 18.7/100,000 in 1984. Since 1957, the mortality rate has
   been steadily increasing, from approximately 1/100,000 to approximately 6/10,000.
   In a survey taken in 1983 of a medium-size community in Bangkok, it was found that
   the prevalence of CVD was 6.9/1,000. The same Public Health Statistics also showed
   that the rate of immediate death after stroke (which is defined as death within 4
   weeks after the onset) from nonembolic cerebral infarction, cerebral embolism, and
   cerebral hemorrhage was reported to be 19.5, 37, and 85% respectively. Considerable
   difference was noted in the death rates from CVD in various Asian countries. In 1970,
   the number of deaths per 100,000 in Japan was reported to be 174.9, whereas in other
   countries these figures (per 100,000) were: Malaysia, 15.9 (in 1981); Hong Kong,
   45.8 (in 1970); and Singapore, 50.2 (in 1971). The reported data from some countries
   are considered too low, possibly the result of the method of collection of public
   health data
Keywords:                  ASIAN                 COUNTRIES/CEREBROVASCULAR
  DISEASE/CEREBROVASCULAR-DISEASE/EAST/MORTALITY RATE
Lassen, N.A. (1990), Pathophysiology of Brain Ischemia As It Relates to the Therapy of
  Acute Ischemic Stroke. Clinical Neuropharmacology, 13 S1-S8.
Abstract: Current knowledge of the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia, summarized
  in the present study, predicts that neurological deficits caused by moderate ischemia
  (flows in the penumbral range between 23 and 10 ml/100 g/min) are reversible
  provided flow is restored within 3-4 h of onset. It also predicts that areas of dense
  ischemia cannot be salvaged and that reperfusion of such areas is risky, because
  massive edema or even hemorrhage may develop following reperfusion. On this
  basis, it is argued that selection of stroke cases for thrombolysis or surgical
  revascularization must be based not only on computed tomographic (CT) scanning to
  exclude hemorrhagic stroke, but also on cerebral blood flow (CBF) tomography to
  exclude lacunar infarcts, early reperfusion, and dense ischemia. The methods
  available for routing CBF tomography in acute stroke cases are discussed, and it is
  concluded that single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) using
  [99mTc]hexamethyl propyleneamine oxide (HM-PAO) or [99mTc]ethyl cysteinate
  dimer (ECD) should be explored for this use. In concluding, the glutamate receptor
  antagonist is mentioned. This compound is therapeutically active in some animal
  stroke models. In humans, it is probably used only in the acute phase, and in those in
  whom some degree of collateral flow is preserved. Therefore, even with this
  therapeutic approach, CBF tomography may be of value for patient selection
Keywords:            BLOOD-FLOW/CEREBRAL                       BLOOD                FLOW
  TOMOGRAPHY/CEREBRAL                                            ISCHEMIA/CT/FOCAL
  CEREBRAL-ISCHEMIA/HM-PAO/HMPAO/PERFUSION/RECOVERY/SINGLE
  PHOTON EMISSION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY/SPECT/STROKE/STROKE
  THERAPY/THRESHOLDS
Depresseux, J.C., Franck, G., Vancauwenberge, H. and Cattelin, F. (1990), Metabolic
  and Circulatory Evaluation of Cerebral Ischemic- Accident in Humans by Positron
  Emission Tomography - A Pilot- Study with Almitrine Raubasine. Clinical
  Neuropharmacology, 13 S40-S49.
Abstract: Positron emission tomography and oxygen-15 were used to evaluate the effect
  of almitrine-raubasine combination on cerebral blood flow and oxidative metabolism
  in patients with cerebral ischemia. In five patients aged between 58 and 74 years,
  with a cerebral ischemic accident in the territory of the middle cerebral artery, blood
  flow rate, oxygen metabolic rate, and cerebral oxygen extraction were measured
  before and after a 90-min intravenous perfusion of almitrine bismesilate 15 mg and
  raubasine 5 mg. Investigations were performed from day 2 to day 7 after stroke
  occurred. One patient showed evidence of initial relative luxury perfusion, the degree
  of which was reduced by such combined treatment. The other four patients had a
  focal reduction in cerebral blood flow and oxygen consumption prior to treatment.
  The statistical analysis of three cerebral areas (epicenter of lesion, anterior and
  posterior juxtalesional areas, and homologous heterolateral areas) showed a 3.6%
  increase in oxygen metabolic rate at the epicenter, when both hemispheres were
  taken together, and a significant increase in cerebral blood flow in all three areas (3%
  on the healthy hemisphere, 13% on the injured hemisphere). These changes were
  greater in some patients than in others. This suggests that heterogeneity of drugs
  responses may correspond to the heterogeneity of the intial status
Keywords:
  5023-SE/ALMITRINE-RAUBASINE/BLOOD-FLOW/DISORDERS/INHALATIO
  N/ISCHEMIC STROKE/O-15/OXYGEN-METABOLISM/POSITRON/STROKE
Procter, A.W. (1990), Can We Reverse Ischemic Penumbra - Some Mechanisms in the
   Pathophysiology         of       Energy-Compromised         Brain-Tissue.      Clinical
   Neuropharmacology, 13 S34-S39.
Abstract: The region surrounding a focal cerebral infarct shows selective rather than
   generalized neuronal damage. The ''ischemic penumbra'' has been defined
   electrophysiologically as that region which shows a loss of electrical activity while
   retaining some metabolic viability (Astrup et al., Stroke, 1981; 6:723-5). How factors
   that contribute to ischemic damage may cause such selective damage to
   subpopulations of neurones will be discussed. Particular attention will be directed to
   the cortical pyramidal cells, thought to be a major component of cerebral electrical
   activity. The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) class of glutamic acid receptors appears
   to have a role in certain aspects of ischemic damage, mediated through excitotoxins
   and calcium ions. The regulation of this receptor complex appears to be unaffected
   by ischemia, and thus it may provide a target for possible therapeutic interventions.
   Selective neuronal loss tends to be associated with neurotransmitter imbalance;
   therefore, treatments designed to correct this imbalance by affecting the activity of
   those cells less sensitive to ischemia may provide an alternative approach to establish
   normal cerebral function
Keywords:                                     ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE/AMINO-ACID
   NEUROTOXICITY/CEREBRAL                                       ISCHEMIA/CULTURED
   NEURONS/D-ASPARTATE                    RECEPTOR/DAMAGE/EAST/EXCITATORY
   AMINO                             ACIDS/FOCAL                            CEREBRAL-
   ISCHEMIA/GLUTAMATE/GLYCINE/NEUROTRANSMITTER/NMDA/NMDA
   RECEPTOR/NMDA RECEPTORS/STROKE
Bentueferrer, D., Decombe, R., Reymann, J.M., Schatz, C. and Allain, H. (1990),
   Progress in Understanding the Pathophysiology of Cerebral- Ischemia - the Almitrine
   Raubasine Approach. Clinical Neuropharmacology, 13 S9-S25.
Abstract: Cerebral ischemia occurs frequently and is disabling. In addition to preventing
   and correcting risks factors, drugs prevent cell death induced by ischemia-hypoxia.
   Precise knowledge of the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia is the prerequisite for
   drug development, and the main proofs of efficiency are histopathological and
   clinical (i.e., the results of controlled studies). Different animal models are
   considered valid for global, focal, or multifocal ischemia. These models have
   enabled the identification of deleterious phenomena that could be corrected or
   neutralized by drugs: hypoxia, lactic acidosis, release of neurotransmitters, influx of
   calcium, activation of phospholipase A2, release of excitatory amino acids, excess of
   free radicals, and neuronal cell metabolic paralysis (decrease of oxygen and glucose
   consumption). The chronology of these events clearly described herein will prompt
   the choice of the best drug, based on the delay between the ischemic event and the
   decision to treat. The main pharmacological effects required are the following:
   antagonism of hypoperfusion, oxygenation improvement, blockade of calcium influx
   and neurotransmitters action, reduction of acidosis and potassium efflux, blockade of
   arachidonic cascade and free radicals production, and antiedematous effect. The
   analysis of almitrine-raubasine (Duxil) pharmacological properties will be used as an
   example of these potentially anti-ischemic drugs. Almitrine-raubasine
   pharmacological studies indicate that this drug has several beneficial effects on
   cerebral ischemic processes. These studies have dealt with effects of hypobaric
   hypoxia on deoxyglucose uptake in the rat, protective effects on permanent or
   temporary cerebral ischemia- induced neurobehavioral problems in the gerbil, and
   preservation of the glycogen content and of the swelling in astrocytes after bilateral
   occlusion of the carotid arteries in the rabbit
Keywords:                ALMITRINE-RAUBASINE                      (DUXIL)/AMINERGIC
   NEUROTRANSMITTER/ANTAGONISTS/ANTIISCHEMIC                            DRUGS/BRAIN
   ISCHEMIA/CELL-DEATH/CENTRAL                       NERVOUS-SYSTEM/CEREBRAL
   ISCHEMIA/CEREBROVASCULAR
   PHARMACOLOGY/LIPID-PEROXIDATION/MECHANISMS/RAT/REPERFUSI
   ON/STROKE
Oliver, J., Shaller, C.A., Majovski, L.V. and Jacques, S. (1982), Stroke Mechanisms -
   Neuropsychological Implications. Clinical Neuropsychology, 4 (2), 81-84
Demeurisse, G.L., Patte, M.J. and Verhas, M.J. (1983), Bilateral Cerebral Functional
   Reorganization After A Stroke in A Patient with Alexia Without Agraphia. Clinical
   Neuropsychology, 5 (4), 179-180
Hoff, J.T. and Iannotti, F. (1982), Surgical Frontiers in Stroke Management. Clinical
   Neurosurgery, 29 534-542
Mustard, J.F., Kinloughrathbone, R.L. and Packham, M.A. (1982), Atherogenesis and
   Its Relation to Stroke. Clinical Neurosurgery, 29 417-436
Tonami, N., Taki, J., Hisada, K. and Katsuki, K. (1985), Diffuse Lung Uptake of
   Technetium-99M Tin Colloid in Heat- Stroke - Case-Report. Clinical Nuclear
   Medicine, 10 (11), 769-771
Oshima, M., Tadokoro, M., Makino, N. and Sakuma, S. (1990), Role of Fast Data
   Acquisition Method with Tc-99M Hmpao Brain Spect in Patients with Acute Stroke.
   Clinical Nuclear Medicine, 15 (3), 172-174
Keenan, M.A., Perry, J. and Jordan, C. (1984), Factors Affecting Balance and
   Ambulation Following Stroke. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, (182),
   165-171
Slager, U.T., Hsu, J.D. and Jordan, C. (1985), Histochemical and Morphometric
   Changes in Muscles of Stroke Patients. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research,
   (199), 159-168
Roper, B.A. (1987), The Orthopedic Management of the Stroke Patient. Clinical
   Orthopaedics and Related Research, (219), 78-86
Tenorio, G.M., Nazvi, M., Bickers, G.H. and Hubbird, R.H. (1988), Intrauterine Stroke
   and Maternal Polydrug Abuse. Clinical Pediatrics, 27 (11), 565-567
Mann, H.J., Fuhs, D.W. and Cerra, F.B. (1988), Effect of Infusion Pump Fill-Stroke
   Flow Interruption on Response to Sodium-Nitroprusside in Surgical Patients.
   Clinical Pharmacy, 7 (3), 214-219
Milsom, I., Sivertsson, R., Biber, B. and Olsson, T. (1982), Measurement of Stroke
   Volume with Impedance Cardiography. Clinical Physiology, 2 (5), 409-417
Ohlsson, J., Hlastala, M.P., Tranesjo, J. and Wranne, B. (1983), Non-Invasive
   Determination of Effective Stroke Volume - Evaluation of A Co2-Rebreathing
   Method in Normal Subjects and Patients. Clinical Physiology, 3 (1), 9-18
Tayeb, O.S. and Marzouki, Z.M.H. (1989), Tympanic Thermometry in Heat-Stroke - Is
   It Justifiable. Clinical Physiology and Biochemistry, 7 (5), 255-262
Fulop, T., Wei, S.M., Robert, L. and Jacob, M.P. (1990), Determination of Elastin
   Peptides in Normal and Arteriosclerotic Human Sera by Elisa. Clinical Physiology
   and Biochemistry, 8 (6), 273-282.
Abstract: The degradation of elastin during various pathological processes such as
   emphysema or arteriosclerosis was demonstrated by several investigators. In the
   present work, we adapted an ELISA technique for the determination of elastin
   peptide (EP) levels in human sera and plasma, in healthy and arteriosclerotic subjects.
   This test makes use of human aorta elastin hydrolyzed by a chemical procedure
   (kappa-elastin) instead of EP produced by pancreatic or leukocyte elastase.
   Polyclonal antibodies to this antigen were obtained in rabbits. The indirect ELISA
   procedure is sensitive, specific and reproducible. No correlation could be
   demonstrated between EP level and anti-EP antibody concentration of IgG or IgM
   types determined in the same serum samples. These antibodies did not interfere with
   EP determinations. EP concentration did not change with age in control subjects. In
   obliterative arteriosclerosis of the legs and in type IIb hyperlipoproteinemia, EP
   levels showed a marked increase, while in hypertension, ischemic heart disease and
   diabetes mellitus, the increase was moderate. In stroke, only slight changes were
   observed. In type IV hyperlipoproteinemia, EP levels were lower than in controls
Keywords:
   ANTIBODIES/ARTERIOSCLEROSIS/ASSAY/DEGRADATION/ELASTIN/ELAS
   TIN PEPTIDE MEASUREMENT/IMMUNIZATION/RADIOIMMUNOASSAY
Clark, J.D.A., Freer, C.E.L. and Wheatley, T. (1987), Pituitary Apoplexy - An Unusual
   Cause of Stroke. Clinical Radiology, 38 (1), 75-77
Rascher, W., Weidmann, E. and Gross, F. (1981), Vasopressin in the Plasma of
   Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Clinical Science, 61 (3), 295-298
Dietz, R., Schomig, A., Rascher, W., Strasser, R., Ganten, U. and Kubler, W. (1981),
   Partial Replacement of Sodium by Potassium in the Diet Restores Impaired
   Noradrenaline Inactivation and Lowers Blood-Pressure in Stroke-Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Clinical Science, 61 S69-S71
Luft, F.C., Steinberg, H., Ganten, U., Meyer, D., Gless, K.H., Lang, R.E., Fineberg,
   N.S., Rascher, W., Unger, T. and Ganten, D. (1988), Effect of Sodium-Chloride and
   Sodium-Bicarbonate on Blood- Pressure in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats. Clinical Science, 74 (6), 577-585
Sahetchian, K., Rigny, R. and Blin, N. (1988), Evaluation of Hydroperoxide
   Concentrations During the Delay of Autoignition in An Experimental 4 Stroke
   Engine - Comparison with Cool Flame Studies in A Flow System. Combustion
   Science and Technology, 60 (1-3), 117-124
Christie, D. and Weigall, D. (1984), Social-Work Effectiveness in 2-Year Stroke
   Survivors - A Randomized Controlled Trial. Community Health Studies, 8 (1), 26-32
Midolmonnet, M., Heimburger, M., Davy, M., Beslot, F. and Cohen, Y. (1987), Tissue
   Distribution of Acebutolol in Mature Normotensive and Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology C-Pharmacology
   Toxicology & Endocrinology, 87 (1), 83-86
Robinson, R.G., Kubos, K.L., Starr, L.B., Rao, K. and Price, T.R. (1983), Mood
   Changes in Stroke Patients - Relationship to Lesion Location. Comprehensive
   Psychiatry, 24 (6), 555-566
Messner, M. and Messner, E. (1988), Mood Disorder Following Stroke. Comprehensive
   Psychiatry, 29 (1), 22-27
Iwasaki, Y. and Kinoshita, M. (1988), The Cranial Computed Tomographic Findings in
   Patients with Pure Sensory Stroke. Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics, 12
   (6), 375-378
Torack, R.M. (1982), Computed-Tomography and Stroke Edema - Case-Report with An
   Analysis of Water in Acute Infarction. Computerized Radiology, 6 (1), 35-41
Avinash, G., Myers, J.H. and Rawlings, C.A. (1988), A Computer-Model to Study
   Norepinephrine-Induced Oscillations of Contraction in Tail Arteries of
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Stroke-Prone Rats. Computers and Biomedical
   Research, 21 (4), 324-333
Berkeley, E.C. (1982), Stroke, Intelligence, and Computers. Computers and People, 31
   (1-2), 19-24
Thompson, S.B.N. (1987), A System for Rapidly Converting Quadriceps Contraction to
   A Digital Signal for Use in Microcomputer-Oriented Muscle Therapy and Stroke
   Patient Assessment Schedules. Computers in Biology and Medicine, 17 (2), 117-125
Carlsen, O. (1988), Evaluation of Forward Stroke Volume in 1St-Pass Radionuclide
   Cardiography. Computers in Biology and Medicine, 18 (4), 231-239
Rancurel, G., Kieffer, E. and Buge, A. (1985), Apoplectic Stroke and Synthetic
   Estroprogestogens. Contraception Fertilite Sexualite, 13 (1), 137-146
Goyan, J.E. (1989), The Trials of A Long-Term Clinical-Trial - the Ticlopidine Aspirin
   Stroke Study and the Canadian American Ticlopidine Study. Controlled Clinical
   Trials, 10 (4), S236-S244
Dequardo, J.R. and Tandon, R. (1988), Ect in Post-Stroke Major Depression.
   Convulsive Therapy, 4 (3), 221-224
Niederle, P., Starek, A., Jezek, V., Jezkova, J., Hes, I. and Michaljanic, A. (1988),
   Assessment of Stroke Volume and Cardiac-Output by Doppler Echocardiography.
   Cor et Vasa, 30 (5), 338-344
Riege, W.H., Klane, L.T., Metter, E.J. and Hanson, W.R. (1982), Decision Speed and
   Bias After Unilateral Stroke. Cortex, 18 (3), 345-355
Pieniadz, J.M., Naeser, M.A., Koff, E. and Levine, H.L. (1983), Ct Scan Cerebral
   Hemispheric-Asymmetry Measurements in Stroke Cases with Global Aphasia -
   Atypical Asymmetries Associated with Improved Recovery. Cortex, 19 (3), 371-391
Schanfald, D., Pearlman, C. and Greenberg, R. (1985), The Capacity of Stroke Patients
   to Report Dreams. Cortex, 21 (2), 237-247
Moya, K.L., Benowitz, L.I., Levine, D.N. and Finklestein, S. (1986), Covariant Defects
   in Visuospatial Abilities and Recall of Verbal Narrative After Right-Hemisphere
   Stroke. Cortex, 22 (3), 381-397
Basso, A., Bracchi, M., Capitani, E., Laiacona, M. and Zanobio, M.E. (1987), Age and
   Evolution of Language Area Functions - A Study on Adult Stroke Patients. Cortex,
   23 (3), 475-483
Sandler, H. (1983), Stroke of Genius - Inhome Keyboard for the Atari-400. Creative
   Computing, 9 (9), 52-&
Zimpfer, M., Khosropour, R. and Lackner, F. (1982), Effect of Dobutamine on
   Cardiac-Function in Man - Reciprocal Roles of Heart-Rate and Ventricular Stroke
   Volume. Critical Care Medicine, 10 (6), 367-370
Bastulli, J.A. and Orlowski, J.P. (1985), Stroke As A Complication of Carotid-Sinus
   Massage. Critical Care Medicine, 13 (10), 869
Bernstein, D.P. (1986), A New Stroke Volume Equation for Thoracic Electrical
   Bioimpedance - Theory and Rationale. Critical Care Medicine, 14 (10), 904-909
Bernstein, D.P. (1986), Continuous Noninvasive Real-Time Monitoring of Stroke
   Volume and Cardiac-Output by Thoracic Electrical Bioimpedance. Critical Care
   Medicine, 14 (10), 898-901
Barsan, W.G., Olinger, C.P., Adams, H.P., Brott, T.G., Eberle, R., Biller, J., Biros, M.
   and Marler, J. (1989), Use of High-Dose Naloxone in Acute Stroke - Possible Side-
   Effects. Critical Care Medicine, 17 (8), 762-767
Channa, A.B., Seraj, M.A., Saddique, A.A., Kadiwal, G.H., Shaikh, M.H. and
   Samarkandi, A.H. (1990), Is Dantrolene Effective in Heat-Stroke Patients. Critical
   Care Medicine, 18 (3), 290-292
Huang, K.C., Stoddard, M., Tsueda, K., Heine, M.F., Thomas, M.H., White, M. and
   Wieman, T.J. (1990), Stroke Volume Measurements by Electrical Bioimpedance and
   Echocardiography in Healthy-Volunteers. Critical Care Medicine, 18 (11),
   1274-1278
Keywords: CARE
Brunner, H.R. (1982), Citation Classic - Essential-Hypertension - Renin and
   Aldosterone, Heart-Attack and Stroke. Current Contents/Clinical Practice, (40), 20
Marmiroli, N. and Lodi, T. (1984), Effect of Erythromycin Upon the Protein Pattern of
   Heat Shocked S-Cerevisiae - Identification of New Classes of Heat-Shock and
   Heat-Stroke Products. Current Genetics, 8 (6), 429-437
Ketel, W.B. and Kolb, M.E. (1984), Long-Term Treatment with Dantrolene Sodium of
   Stroke Patients with Spasticity Limiting the Return of Function. Current Medical
   Research and Opinion, 9 (3), 161-169
Levine, S.R. and Welch, K.M.A. (1988), Patho-Physiology of Stroke in the Light of
   Modern Techniques. Current Opinion in Neurology and Neurosurgery, 1 (1), 49-56
Sandercock, P. (1988), Aspirin After Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack. Current
   Opinion in Neurology and Neurosurgery, 1 (1), 93-99
Wise, R.J.S. (1989), The Patho-Physiology of Cerebral-Ischemia and Stroke. Current
   Opinion in Neurology and Neurosurgery, 2 (1), 47-51
Wade, D.T. (1989), Stroke Rehabilitation. Current Opinion in Neurology and
   Neurosurgery, 2 (5), 736-738
Wolf, P.A. (1989), The Epidemiology of Stroke Syndromes. Current Opinion in
   Neurology and Neurosurgery, 2 (1), 42-46
Hogan, M.J. and Hakim, A.M. (1990), Pathophysiology of Stroke - Laboratory and
   Clinical Insights. Current Opinion in Neurology and Neurosurgery, 3 (1), 46-49
Keywords: BRAIN
Hewer, R.L. (1990), Stroke - Sequelae and Rehabilitation. Current Opinion in
   Neurology and Neurosurgery, 3 (5), 719-721
Pelz, D.M. (1990), Cerebral Blood-Flow and Other Imaging in Stroke. Current Opinion
   in Neurology and Neurosurgery, 3 (1), 50-54
Wiebers, D.O. and Meissner, I. (1990), Epidemiology of Stroke. Current Opinion in
   Neurology and Neurosurgery, 3 (1), 39-45
Daoud, Z.F. and Saleh, G. (1987), Stroke and Hypertension. Current Therapeutic
   Research-Clinical and Experimental, 41 (3), 335-341
Hogan, B.J. (1985), Micro-Based System Speaks for Cerebral-Palsy Stroke Victims.
   Design News, 41 (8), 128-129
Hogan, B.J. (1985), Contoured Drums Reverse Pumps Stroke Without Force Input.
   Design News, 41 (4), 124-126
Hempel, G. and Haller, H. (1981), The Stroke Resulting from Physical Or
   Psychological       Stress     As      An      Industrial    Accident.       Deutsche
   Gesundheitswesen-Zeitschrift fur Klinische Medizin, 36 (51), 2162-2164
Eisenberg, B.M., Linss, G., Fuchs, P., Stern, L., Durrenberg, D., Drescher, E., Vollmar,
   R., Furst, G. and Lieback, E. (1982), Comparison Between Impedance Cardiography,
   Isotope-Dilution Method and Ultrasonic Echocardiography for Measuring Stroke
   Volume. Deutsche Gesundheitswesen-Zeitschrift fur Klinische Medizin, 37 (6),
   259-264
Funke, K., Bischoff, J. and Erkens, R. (1982), Myocardial Damage After
   Lightning-Stroke. Deutsche Gesundheitswesen-Zeitschrift fur Klinische Medizin, 37
   (38), 1667-1671
Zippel, C. (1984), Modern Principles in the Rehabilitation of Patients with
   Cerebrovascular Stroke. Deutsche Gesundheitswesen-Zeitschrift fur Klinische
   Medizin, 39 (2), 58-60
Kaiser, H., Langer, R. and Langer, U. (1984), Infarction and Stroke Register of 1982 in
   the Aue District. Deutsche Gesundheitswesen-Zeitschrift fur Klinische Medizin, 39
   (33), 1307-1311
Waiblinger, G. and Kornhuber, H.H. (1985), Events Resembling A Stroke with
   Negative Ct Findings. Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, 110 (2), 47-49
Dizinger, H.G. and Ringelstein, E.B. (1985), Diagnosis of Stroke in Young-Adults.
   Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, 110 (46), 1759-1765
Haass, A., Kroemer, H., Jager, H., Muller, K., Decker, I., Wagner, E.M. and Schimrigk,
   K. (1986), Dextran-40 Or Hes 200/0.5 - Hemorheology on Long-Time Treatment of
   Ischemic Stroke. Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, 111 (44), 1681-1686
Hornig, C.R., Dorndorf, W. and Busse, O. (1986), Extra-Intracranial Anastomosis in the
   Prophylaxis of Stroke. Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, 111 (7), 243-246
Heiss, W.D. (1986), Carotid Endarterectomy - Stroke Prevention in Symptomatic and
   Asymptomatic Stenoses. Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, 111 (49), 1867-1868
Haupts, M., Amoiridis, G., Blickle, W. and Kissler, M. (1987), On the
   Differential-Diagnosis of Juvenile Stroke - A Case of Moyamoya. Deutsche
   Medizinische Wochenschrift, 112 (31-32), 1213-1215
Rossi, L.N., Penzien, J.M., Deonna, T., Goutieres, F. and Vassella, F. (1990), Does
   Migraine-Related Stroke Occur in Childhood. Developmental Medicine and Child
   Neurology, 32 (11), 1016-1021
Miller, S. and Hammond, G.R. (1981), Neural Control of Arm Movement in Patients
   Following Stroke. Developments in Neuroscience, 13 259-274
Sadoshima, S., Busija, D., Brody, M. and Heistad, D. (1982), Protection Against Stroke
   by Sympathetic-Nerves. Developments in Neuroscience, 14 309-315
Lithner, F., Asplund, K., Eriksson, S., Hagg, E., Strand, T. and Wester, P.O. (1988),
   Clinical Characteristics in Diabetic Stroke Patients. Diabetes & Metabolism, 14 (1),
   15-19
Emara, M.K., Saadah, A.M., Tohfa, Y.A., Guindi, R.T., Gupta, R.K. and Senthilselvan,
   A. (1989), The Hematocrit Value in Diabetic-Patients with Ischemic Stroke.
   Diabetes Research Clinical and Experimental, 12 (4), 189-192
[Anon]. (1990), Uk Prospective Diabetes Study .6. Complications in Newly Diagnosed
   Type-2 Diabetic-Patients and Their Association with Different Clinical and
   Biochemical Risk-Factors. Diabetes Research Clinical and Experimental, 13 (1),
   1-11.
Abstract: The prevalence of various diabetic complications, their association with each
   other and with many risk factors, has been assessed in 2,337 newly diagnosed Type 2
   diabetic patients. The patients entered into the UK Prospective Diabetes Study were
   aged between 25 and 65 (mean age 52 yr) and 33% had either an abnormal ECG or
   retinopathy. Different macrovascular complications such as strokes, heart attacks or
   abnormal ECG, and peripheral vascular disease showed little association one with
   another, and each was associated predominantly with different risk factors, e.g.,
   strokes with hypertension, heart attacks with hypertriglyceridaemia and peripheral
   vascular disease with smoking and a low HDL cholesterol. Retinopathy was
   associated with reduced vibration perception but not with other complications.
   Reduced vibration perception and absent reflexes were associated with absent foot
   pulses and ischaemic skin changes, raising the possibility of a macrovascular, as well
   as microvascular, contribution to peripheral neuropathy. Microalbuminuria was
   associated with hypertension, which might be a factor predisposing to renal
   microvascular disease or be a consequence of it. Microalbuminuria was also
   associated with an abnormal ECG. Retinopathy, with exudates and or haemorrhages
   rather than just microaneurysms, was associated with hyperglycaemia. The
   occurrence of a particular complication in a diabetic patient is probably dependent on
   a combination of specific risk factors, many of which are related to, and probably
   affected by, potentially avoidable factors such as hyperglycaemia, obesity, smoking
   and hypertension
Keywords:
   ANGINA/COMPLICATIONS/DIABETES/HYPERGLYCEMIA/HYPERLIPEMIA/
   HYPERTENSION/MICROALBUMINURIA/MYOCARDIAL
   INFARCT/NEUROPATHY/PERIPHERAL                                             VASCULAR
   DISEASE/RETINOPATHY/SCOTLAND/STROKE/TYPE-2 DIABETES
Ohlson, L.O., Svardsudd, K., Welin, L., Eriksson, H., Wilhelmsen, L., Tibblin, G. and
   Larsson, B. (1986), Fasting Blood-Glucose and Risk of Coronary Heart-Disease,
   Stroke, and All-Cause Mortality - A 17-Year Follow-Up-Study of Men Born in 1913.
   Diabetic Medicine, 3 (1), 33-37
Gray, C.S., Taylor, R., French, J.M., Alberti, K.G.M.M., Venables, G.S., James, O.F.W.,
   Shaw, D.A., Cartlidge, N.E.F. and Bates, D. (1987), The Prognostic Value of Stress
   Hyperglycemia and Previously Unrecognized Diabetes in Acute Stroke. Diabetic
   Medicine, 4 (3), 237-240
Olsson, T., Viitanen, M., Asplund, K., Eriksson, S. and Hagg, E. (1990), Prognosis
   After Stroke in Diabetic-Patients - A Controlled Prospective-Study. Diabetologia, 33
   (4), 244-249
Koshelev, V.B., Krushinskii, A.L. and Sotskaia, M.N. (1984), Preliminary Hypoxia
   Adaptation Protecting Effect on the Animal Mortality-Rate Under the
   Cerebrovascular Stroke Provoked by the Brain Powerful Acoustic Stimulation.
   Doklady Akademii Nauk Sssr, 276 (5), 1274-1276
Taran, I.N., Sobolev, V.V., Gubenko, S.I. and Slobodskoi, V.J. (1987), Formation of
   Metastable Carbides in Iron by Wave-Stroke Compression. Doklady Akademii Nauk
   Sssr, 296 (5), 1164-1167
Malherbe, E., Baranes, J., Lehegarat, M., Clostre, F. and Defeudis, F.V. (1985),
   Differences in the Cardiac Effects of Isoproterenol Between Stroke-Prone and
   Control Rats. Drug Development Research, 6 (1), 85-89
Porschewiebking, E. (1989), New N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Antagonists for the Treatment
   of Stroke. Drug Development Research, 17 (4), 367-375
Masui, M., Kawakami, M., Nakajima, M., Hara, S., Ito, H. and Ueda, M. (1990),
   Prophylactic Effects of Novel Dihydropyrazolopyridine (83-0256) and
   Dihydrothienopyridine (83-0312, 83-0327) Calcium- Antagonists in Stroke-Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Drug Development Research, 20 (4), 453-464
Naritomi, H., Murata, S., Shimizu, T., Nakamura, M., Sasaki, M. and Sawada, T. (1990),
   Effects of Arotinolol on Regional Cerebral Blood-Flow in Hypertensive Patients
   with A History of Stroke. Drug Development Research, 21 (2), 143-149
Delbarre, G., Delbarre, B. and Ferger, A. (1990), Propentofylline Improves the
   Postischemic Stroke Index of Sensitive Gerbils. Drug Development Research, 19 (1),
   99-102
Lin, M.S. and Hsieh, W.J. (1987), Prazosin-Induced 1St-Dose Phenomenon Possibly
   Associated with Hemorrhagic Stroke - A Report of 3 Cases. Drug Intelligence &
   Clinical Pharmacy, 21 (9), 723-726
Berglund, G. (1988), Experiences from Hypertension Trials - Effects on Stroke and
   Coronary Heart-Disease. Drugs, 36 5-8
Minami, M., Hamaue, N., Togashi, H., Matsumoto, M., Yoshioka, M. and Saito, H.
   (1988), Effects of Long-Term Oral-Administration of Ketanserin and
   Trichlormethiazide on Blood-Pressure in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive
   Rats. Drugs, 36 92-96
Sauter, A. and Rudin, M. (1990), Experimental Studies with Isradipine in Stroke. Drugs,
   40 44-51
Keywords: DRUG
Cruickshank, J.M. (1990), Reduced Total Mortality and Death from
   Myocardial-Infarction and Stroke in Moderate Severe Hypertensives Treated with
   Tenormin (Atenolol). Drugs Under Experimental and Clinical Research, 16 (3),
   133-136
Keywords: SWITZERLAND
Formby, C., Phillips, D.E. and Thomas, R.G. (1987), Hearing-Loss Among Stroke
   Patients. Ear and Hearing, 8 (6), 326-332
Bahemuka, M. (1985), Cerebrovascular Accidents in 207 Kenyans - General
   Peculiarities and Prognosis of Stroke in An Urban Medical- Center. East African
   Medical Journal, 62 (5), 315-322
Alrajeh, S.M., Larbi, E.B., Alfreihi, H., Ahmed, K., Muhana, F. and Bademosi, O.
   (1989), A Clinical-Study of Stroke. East African Medical Journal, 66 (3), 183-191
Anim, J.I. and Kofi, A.D. (1989), Hypertension, Cerebral Vascular Changes and Stroke
   in Ghana - Cerebral Atherosclerosis and Stroke. East African Medical Journal, 66
   (7), 468-475
Kwasa, T.O.O. and Lore, W. (1990), Stroke at Kenyatta-National-Hospital. East
   African Medical Journal, 67 (7), 482-486
Pinkowitz, D.C. (1985), Deglitched Dacs Improve Vector-Stroke Displays. Edn
   Magazine-Electrical Design News, 30 (9), 239-242
Hassel, M., Hacke, W., Ferbert, A., Zeumer, H. and Kratochvil, P. (1986), Lacunar
   Stroke      and    Electrophysiological     Findings.     Eeg-Emg-Zeitschrift     fur
   Elektroenzephalographie Elektromyographie und Verwandte Gebiete, 17 (2), 83-87
Reisecker, F. (1988), Short Latency Sep in Cerebro-Vascular-Ischemic Disease .2.
   Normal Values and Findings in Asymptomatic Vascular-Lesions, Complicated
   Migraine, Tia, Rind, Completed Stroke and Multi- Infarct Dementia.
   Eeg-Emg-Zeitschrift fur Elektroenzephalographie Elektromyographie und Verwandte
   Gebiete, 19 (1), 44-52
Zellner, J.L., Cook, J.A., Reines, D.H., Wise, W.C., Smith, E.F., Kessler, L.D. and
   Halushka, P.V. (1990), Hemodynamic-Effects of Leukotriene (Lt)-D4 and A Ltd4
   Receptor Antagonist in the Pig. Eicosanoids , 3 (4), 219-224.
Abstract: Vascular bed reactivity to exogenous LTD4 and blockade of these responses
   by a selective LTD4 receptor antagonist, SK&F 104353, were studied. Yorkshire
   pigs (N = 13; 25.8 +/- 1.4 kg) were anesthetized with isoflurane, and monitored for
   cardiac output (CO), mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP), pulmonary capillary
   wedge pressure (PCWP), right ventricular stroke work (RVSW), mean arterial
   pressure (MAP), renal artery blood flow (RABF), pulmonary vasculature resistance
   (PVR), renal vascular resistance (RVR), and systemic vascular resistance (SVR).
   LTD4 (0.03, 0.1, 0.3, 1, 3 and 10,0-mu-g/kg) was given intravenously. The MPAP,
   MAP, and RABF were recorded at baseline and for 20 min after the injection of
   LTD4. SK&F 104353 was infused (3 mg/kg/h, i.v.) and the dose-response to LTD4
   was repeated. LTD4 induced changes in the MPAP, PCWP, MAP, and RABF.
   SK&F 104353 attenuated LTD4 induced changes in the MPAP, PVR, RABF and
   RVSW. MPAP was increased 123 +/- 24% and 115 +/- 10%, respectively, in pigs
   given 3.0 and 10-mu-g/kg doses, and increased to only 36 +/- 9% at a 10-mu-g/kg
   dose of LTD4 in animals pretreated with SK&F 104353 (P < 0.05). MPAP was not
   increased at the 3.0-mu-g/kg dose, and increased to only 36 +/- 9% at a 10-mu-g/kg
   dose of LTD4 in animals pretreated with SK&F 104353 (P < 0.05). These changes
   were paralleled by a reduction in PVR. RABF was decreased 76 +/- 5% and 83 +/-
   7%, respectively, at the 3.0 and 10-mu-g/kg dose of LTD4. Following pretreatment
   with SK&F 104353 the decrease was 33 +/- 7% and 67 +/- 5%, respectively, at the
   3.0 and 10-mu- g/kg doses of LTD4. RVSW also was increased 166 +/- 64% and 178
   +/- 75%, respectively, at the 3.0 and 10.0-mu-g/kg doses of LTD4. SK&F 104353
   completely inhibited the change in RVSW at the 3.0-mu-g/kg dose and attenuated the
   increase at 10-mu-g/kg to 13 +/- 8%. CO and CVP were not significantly changed by
   either LTD4 or SK&F 104353 at 1, 10, or 20 min. The LTD4 induced changes in
   MAP, SVR, and PCWP were not blocked by SK&F 104353. In summary: 1) Porcine
   renal, pulmonary and systemic circulations are highly sensitive to LTD4 and 2)
   SK&F 104353 diminishes LTD4 induced changes in RABF, RVR, RVSW, PVR, and
   MPAP, but not MAP, SVR and PCWP. The results suggest that subsets of LTD4
   receptors may exist in various vascular beds
Keywords:                                    AIRWAYS/CIRCULATION/CONSCIOUS
   RAT/CORONARY/GUINEA-PIG/HEMODYNAMIC
   EFFECTS/LEUKOTRIENE-D4/MEAN                    ARTERIAL            PRESSURE/MEAN
   PULMONARY                                                                  ARTERIAL
   PRESSURE/MEDIATORS/NEW-YORK/PULMONARY/RENAL                                   ARTERY
   BLOOD FLOW/RESPONSES/SHOCK/SK-AND-F-104353/VESSELS
Veering, M.M., Jonkman, E.J., Poortvliet, D.C.J., Deweerd, A.W., Tans, J.T.J. and John,
   E.R. (1986), The Effect of Reconstructive Vascular-Surgery on Clinical Status,
   Quantitative Eeg and Cerebral Blood-Flow in Patients with Cerebral-Ischemia - A
   3-Month Follow-Up-Study in Operated and Unoperated Stroke Patients.
   Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 64 (5), 383-393
Deweerd, A.W., Veldhuizen, R.J., Veering, M.M., Poortvliet, D.C.J. and Jonkman, E.J.
   (1988), Recovery from Cerebral-Ischemia - Eeg, Cerebral Blood-Flow and Clinical
   Symptomatology in the 1St 3 Years After A Stroke. Electroencephalography and
   Clinical Neurophysiology, 70 (3), 197-204
[Anon]. (1981), Stroke from A Sharp Twist. Emergency Medicine, 13 (6), 101-102
[Anon]. (1981), Stroke by Strangulation. Emergency Medicine, 13 (8), 126-127
Edmeads, J. (1983), Strategies in Stroke. Emergency Medicine, 15 (4), 163-&
[Anon]. (1983), Reversing Ischemia After A Stroke. Emergency Medicine, 15 (15),
   231-234
[Anon]. (1983), Stroke at Birth. Emergency Medicine, 15 (14), 87-&
Fields, W.S. (1985), Options for Preventing Stroke. Emergency Medicine, 17 (2), 24-&
[Anon]. (1985), A Stroke of Bad Luck for the Young Migraineur. Emergency Medicine,
   17 (4), 103
[Anon]. (1986), Easing Depression After Stroke. Emergency Medicine, 18 (20), 43-44
Samuels, M.A. (1986), All About Stroke. Emergency Medicine, 18 (6), 94-&
Tarver, R.D. and Gillespie, K.R. (1987), The Misplaced Tube - Feeding Tube After A
   Stroke. Emergency Medicine, 19 (6), 121-122
Kouremenos, D.A., Rakopoulos, C.D. and Kotsiopoulos, P. (1990), Comparative
   Performance and Emission Studies for Vaporized Diesel Fuel and Gasoline As
   Supplements in Swirl-Chamber Diesel-Engines. Energy, 15 (12), 1153-1160.
Abstract: An experimental study has been conducted to evaluate and compare the use of
   fumigated diesel fuel or gasoline as supplementary fuels for a naturally-aspirated,
   four-stroke diesel engine with a swirl-combustion chamber. The supplementary
   diesel fuel or gasoline is introduced together with the aspirated air (fumigation) in
   various proportions with respect to the main diesel fuel, which is injected in the usual
   manner. The influence of fuel/feed ratios (supplementary or main feed), for a large
   range of loads, has been examined on fuel consumption, pressure diagrams, exhaust
   smokiness and exhaust-gas emissions (nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons and carbon
   monoxide). Knocking limits have been determined. The differences in the measured
   performance and exhaust-emission parameters from baseline engine operation, when
   using either supplementary diesel fuel or gasoline fumigated in the intake air, are
   determined and compared. Our study shows promise for this approach and indicates
   that above approximately 60% of maximum load, there is high smoke reduction with
   only a slight change in specific fuel consumption, when using either one of the
   supplementary fumigated fuels. Examination of gaseous pollutant levels shows
   involved relations with respect to load and fuel proportions. Theoretical aspects of
   the supplementary fuel-mode (fumigation) of combustion are used to explain the
   observed engine behaviour
Keywords: ENERGY
Thompson, D. (1982), Innovative 2-Stroke. Engineering, 222 (7), 477-481
Pocock, S.J., Shaper, A.G., Ashby, D., Delves, H.T. and Clayton, B.E. (1988), The
   Relationship Between Blood Lead, Blood-Pressure, Stroke, and Heart-Attacks in
   Middle-Aged British Men. Environmental Health Perspectives, 78 23-30
Ostfeld, A.M. and Wilk, E. (1990), Epidemiology of Stroke, 1980-1990 - A Progress
   Report. Epidemiologic Reviews, 12 253-256
Verma, N.P. and Kooi, K.A. (1986), Contralateral Epileptiform Transients in Stroke
   (Cets). Epilepsia, 27 (4), 437-440
Auff, E., Schnaberth, G. and Zeiler, K. (1984), Long-Term Prognosis of Young-Patients
   with Stroke - A Follow- Up-Study. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical
   Neuroscience, 234 (4), 275-280
Kornhuber, H.H., Lisson, G. and Suschkasauermann, L. (1985), Alcohol and Obesity -
   A New Look at High Blood-Pressure and Stroke - An Epidemiological-Study in
   Preventive Neurology. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience,
   234 (6), 357-362
Hulser, P.J., Bernhart, H., Marbach, C. and Kornhuber, H.H. (1988), Treatment with An
   Iv Calcium Overload Blocker (Flunarizine) in Acute Stroke - A Pilot-Study.
   European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 237 (5), 253-257
Marx, P. (1989), Supratentorial Structures Controlling Oculomotor Functions and Their
   Involvement in Cases of Stroke. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical
   Neuroscience, 239 (1), 3-8
Tajimi, T., Sunagawa, K., Yamada, A., Nose, Y., Takeshita, A., Kikuchi, Y. and
   Nakamura, M. (1983), Evaluation of Pulse Contour Methods in Calculating Stroke
   Volume from Pulmonary-Artery Pressure Curve (Comparison with Aortic Pressure
   Curve). European Heart Journal, 4 (7), 502-511
Gobert, P., Kremer, R., Rigo, P., Cauwe, F. and Chevigne, M. (1987), Value, Sensitivity
   and Specificity of Stroke Volume Ratio in Routine Equilibrium Gated Scintigraphy.
   European Heart Journal, 8 77-81
Ehsani, A.A. (1987), Mechanisms Responsible for Enhanced Stroke Volume After
   Exercise Training in Coronary Heart-Disease. European Heart Journal, 8 9-14
Petersen, P. and Godtfredsen, J. (1988), Risk-Factors for Stroke in Chronic
   Atrial-Fibrillation. European Heart Journal, 9 (3), 291-294
Wallerson, D.C., Ganau, A., Roman, M.J. and Devereux, R.B. (1990), Measurement of
   Cardiac-Output by M-Mode and 2-Dimensional Echocardiography - Application to
   Patients with Hypertension. European Heart Journal, 11 67-78
Keywords:                                                                 ANATOMIC
    VALIDATION/DOPPLER/ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY/EJECTION
    FRACTION/GOLDBLATT
    HYPERTENSION/HEART/HYPERTENSION/HYPERTROPHY/LEFT-VENTRIC
    ULAR                 MASS/RATS/REPRODUCIBILITY/SINGLE-PLANE/STROKE
    VOLUME/TWO-DIMENSIONAL                  ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY/VENTRICULAR
    WALL THICKNESS/VOLUME DETERMINATION
White, S.W., Quail, A.W., Deleeuw, P.W., Traugott, F.M., Brown, W.J., Porges, W.L.
    and Cottee, D.B. (1990), Impedance Cardiography for Cardiac-Output Measurement
    - An Evaluation of Accuracy and Limitations. European Heart Journal, 11 79-92
Keywords:                       BLOOD                          RESISTIVITY/CARDIAC
    OUTPUT/EXERCISE/HEART/HEMATOCRIT/HUMAN/HYPERTENSION/REPR
    ODUCIBILITY/STROKE                   VOLUME/THERMODILUTION/THORACIC
    ELECTRICAL             BIOIMPEDANCE/TRANSTHORACIC                      IMPEDANCE
    CARDIOGRAPHY/WHITE
Lacolley, P.J., Pannier, B.M., Levy, B.I. and Safar, M.E. (1990), Noninvasive Study of
    Cardiac-Performance Using Doppler Ultrasound in Patients with Hypertension.
    European Heart Journal, 11 62-66
Keywords: ACCELERATION/AORTIC ACCELERATION/AORTIC BLOOD
    VELOCITY/CONTINUOUS                                                           WAVE
    DOPPLER/CONTRACTILITY/DOPPLER/ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY/ESSENTIAL
    HYPERTENSION/FLOW                     VELOCITY/HEART/LEFT-VENTRICULAR
    FUNCTION/OUTPUT/PULSED              DOPPLER/STROKE            DISTANCE/STROKE
    VOLUME
Schoemaker, R.G. and Smits, J.F.M. (1990), Systolic-Time Intervals As Indicators for
    Cardiac-Function in Rat Models for Heart-Failure. European Heart Journal, 11
    114-123
Keywords:
    ADJUSTMENTS/DOBUTAMINE/EVOLUTION/HEART/HYPERTENSION/INO
    TROPES/ISCHEMIA/LEFT             VENTRICULAR            EJECTION        TIME/LEFT-
    VENTRICLE/MYOCARDIAL
    INFARCTION/MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION/MYOSIN/PERFORMANCE/PERI
    OD/PERIPHERAL RESISTANCE/PREEJECTION PERIOD/SPONTANEOUSLY
    HYPERTENSIVE RATS/STATE/STROKE VOLUME/VASODILATORS
Iliceto, S., Dambrosio, G., Amico, A., Tota, F., Piccinni, G., Marangelli, V. and Rizzon,
    P. (1990), Errors in Measurements of Stroke Volume for Invasive and Echo- Doppler
    Evaluations of Valvular Regurgitant Fractions - Clinical-Evaluation and
    Computer-Simulation. European Heart Journal, 11 (4), 355-360
Keywords: HEART
Jansen, J.R.C., Wesseling, K.H., Settels, J.J. and Schreuder, J.J. (1990), Continuous
    Cardiac-Output Monitoring by Pulse Contour During Cardiac-Surgery. European
    Heart Journal, 11 26-32
Keywords: ARTIFICIAL-VENTILATION/CURVES/FLOW/HEART/MECHANICAL
    VENTILATION/STROKE VOLUME/THERMODILUTION
Coats, A.J.S. (1990), Doppler Ultrasonic Measurement of Cardiac-Output -
    Reproducibility and Validation. European Heart Journal, 11 49-61
Keywords: AORTIC BLOOD VELOCITY/CLINICAL VALIDATION/DOPPLER
    ULTRASOUND/ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC                                MEASUREMENT/FICK
    MEASUREMENTS/FLOW
    VELOCITY/HEART/HEMODYNAMIC-RESPONSE/HEMODYNAMICS/MITRA
    L             ORIFICE             METHOD/NONINVASIVE                        PULSED
   DOPPLER/REPRODUCIBILITY/STROKE
   VOLUME/VALIDATION/VENTRICULAR-FUNCTION
Howe, P.R.C., West, M.J., Provis, J.C. and Chalmers, J.P. (1981), Content and
   Turnover of Noradrenaline in Spinal-Cord and Cerebellum of Spontaneously
   Hypertensive and Stroke-Prone Rats. European Journal of Pharmacology, 73 (2-3),
   123-129
Zimpfer, M., Fitzal, S. and Semsroth, M. (1982), Relative Roles of Heart-Rate and
   Ventricular Stroke Volume for the Regulation of Cardiac-Output During Controlled
   Hypotension with Sodium-Nitroprusside in Man. European Journal of Clinical
   Investigation, 12 (1), 9-13
Aust, P.E., Belz, G.G., Belz, G. and Koch, W. (1982), Comparison of Impedance
   Cardiography and Echocardiography for Measurement of Stroke Volume. European
   Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 23 (6), 475-477
Casta, A., Talabi, A., Coulter, D.L. and Sapire, D.W. (1982), Capsular Stroke in
   Congenital Complete Heart-Block. European Journal of Pediatrics, 139 (1), 71-72
Unger, T., Yukimura, T., Maringrez, M., Lang, R.E., Rascher, W. and Ganten, D.
   (1982), Sa446, A New Orally Active Converting Enzyme-Inhibitor -
   Antihypertensive Action and Comparison with Captopril in Stroke-Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. European Journal of Pharmacology, 78 (4),
   411-420
Staniforth, D.H. (1983), Systolic-Time Intervals - the Effect of Stroke Volume in
   Healthy-Young Men. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 24 (2), 179-183
Hulme, A., Maclennan, W.J., Ritchie, R.T., John, V.A. and Shotton, P.A. (1985),
   Baclofen in the Elderly Stroke Patient Its Side-Effects and Pharmacokinetics.
   European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 29 (4), 467-469
Shen, W.F., Roubin, G.S., Uren, R.F., Hutton, B.F., Choong, C.Y.P., Harris, P.J.,
   Fletcher, P.J. and Kelly, D.T. (1985), Radionuclide Determination of Right and
   Left-Ventricular Stroke Volumes. European Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 10 (5-6),
   208-213
Ohlsson, J. and Wranne, B. (1986), Noninvasive Assessment of Cardiac-Output and
   Stroke Volume in Patients During Exercise - Evaluation of A Co2-Rebreathing
   Method. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 55
   (5), 538-544
Ohlsson, J. and Wranne, B. (1986), The Influence of Hyperventilation on the
   Measurement of Stroke Volume Using A Co2 Rebreathing Method. European
   Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology , 55 (1), 19-23
Kroemer, H., Haass, A., Muller, K., Jager, H., Wagner, E.M., Heimburg, P. and Klotz,
   U. (1987), Hemodilution Therapy in Ischemic Stroke - Plasma-Concentrations and
   Plasma Viscosity During Long-Term Infusion of Dextran-40 Or Hydroxyethyl Starch
   200/0.5. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 31 (6), 705-710
Smith, H.K., Montpetit, R.R. and Perrault, H. (1988), The Aerobic Demand of
   Backstroke Swimming, and Its Relation to Body Size, Stroke Technique, and
   Performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology,
   58 (1-2), 182-188
Debruine, J.F., Limburg, M., Vanroyen, E.A., Hijdra, A., Hill, T.C. and Vanderschoot,
   J.B. (1990), Spet Brain Imaging with 201 Diethyldithiocarbamate in Acute Ischemic
   Stroke. European Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 17 (5), 248-251
Moretti, J.L., Defer, G., Cinotti, L., Cesaro, P., Degos, J.D., Vigneron, N., Ducassou, D.
   and Holman, B.L. (1990), Luxury Perfusion with Tc-99M-Hmpao and I-123 Imp
   Spect Imaging During the Subacute Phase of Stroke. European Journal of Nuclear
   Medicine, 16 (1), 17-22
Kuriyama, Y., Nakamura, M., Kyougoku, I. and Sawada, T. (1990), Effects of
   Carvedilol on Cerebral Blood-Flow and Its Autoregulation in Previous Stroke
   Patients with Hypertension. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 38
   S120-S121
Dereuck, J., Sieben, G., Decoster, W. and Vandereecken, H. (1981), Stroke Pattern and
   Topography of Cerebral Infarcts - A Clinicopathological Study. European Neurology,
   20 (5), 411-415
Tomaccini, D., Venturi, C. and Scarfo, G.B. (1981), Cerebral Venous Angioma,
   Cutaneous Angioma, Facial Asymmetry and Recurrent Stroke - A Case-Report.
   European Neurology, 20 (1), 29-32
Ladurner, G., Fritsch, G., Sager, W.D. and Oberbauer, R. (1982),
   Computer-Tomography in Children with Stroke. European Neurology, 21 (4),
   235-241
Loeb, C. (1983), Transient Ischemic Attack, Protracted Transient Ischemic Attack, and
   Completed Stroke. European Neurology, 22 68-73
Isler, W. (1984), Stroke in Childhood and Adolescence. European Neurology, 23 (6),
   421-424
Kostic, V.S., Djuricic, B.M. and Mrsulja, B.B. (1984), Cerebrospinal-Fluid
   Prostaglandin-F-2A in Stroke Patients - No Relationship to the Degree of
   Neurological Deficit. European Neurology, 23 (4), 291-295
Bugiani, O. (1984), Multiple Stroke Due to Multiple Vascular Malformation of the
   Brain. European Neurology, 23 (3), 206-210
Demeurisse, G., Capon, A. and Verhas, M. (1985), Prognostic Value of
   Computed-Tomography in Aphasic Stroke Patients. European Neurology, 24 (2),
   134-139
Zenker, G., Bone, G., Ladurner, G. and Lechner, H. (1985), The Myxomatous
   Mitral-Valve - A Risk Factor for Ischemic Stroke in Young-Patients. European
   Neurology, 24 (1), 82-84
Kotila, M., Waltimo, O., Niemi, M.L. and Laaksonen, R. (1986), Dementia After Stroke.
   European Neurology, 25 (2), 134-140
Korner, E., Flooh, E., Reinhart, B., Wolf, R., Ott, E., Krenn, W. and Lechner, H. (1986),
   Sleep Alterations in Ischemic Stroke. European Neurology, 25 104-110
Feder, M., Heller, L., Tadmor, R., Snir, D., Solzi, P. and Ring, H. (1987), Urinary
   Continence After Stroke - Association with Cystometric Profile and
   Computerized-Tomography Findings. European Neurology, 27 (2), 101-105
Altmann, J., Kornhuber, A.W. and Kornhuber, H.H. (1987), Stroke - Cardiovascular
   Risk-Factors and the Quantitative Effects of Dietary-Treatment on Them. European
   Neurology, 26 (2), 90-99
Santamaria, J. and Ruiz, C. (1988), Diaphragmatic Elevation in Stroke. European
   Neurology, 28 (2), 81-83
Kostic, V., Mostaricastojkovic, M., Ramic, Z., Kovacevic, M. and Lukic, M. (1988),
   Serum Immunoinhibitory Factors in Stroke Patients. European Neurology, 28 (6),
   331-334
Bogousslavsky, J. and Regli, F. (1988), Transient Global Amnesia and Stroke.
   European Neurology, 28 (2), 106-110
Catz, A., Steinvil, Y., Reidergroswasser, I., Costeff, H., Luz, Y. and Solzi, P. (1988),
   Blink Reflex in Stroke - Follow-Up and Correlation with Function and Ct-Parameters.
   European Neurology, 28 (3), 171-173
Dereuck, J., Vandekerckhove, T., Bosma, G., Demeulemeester, K., Vanlandegem, W.,
   Dewaele, J., Tack, E. and Dekoninck, J. (1988), Steroid Treatment in Acute Ischemic
   Stroke - A Comparative Retrospective Study of 556 Cases. European Neurology, 28
   (2), 70-72
Viitanen, M., Eriksson, S. and Asplund, K. (1988), Risk of Recurrent Stroke,
   Myocardial-Infarction and Epilepsy During Long-Term Follow-Up After Stroke.
   European Neurology, 28 (4), 227-231
Inzitari, D., Mascalchi, M., Giordano, G.P., Marini, P., Sita, D. and Abbamondi, A.L.
   (1989), Histopathological Correlates of Leuko-Araiosis in Patients with Ischemic
   Stroke. European Neurology, 29 23-26
Soroker, N., Barisrael, Y., Schechter, I. and Solzi, P. (1990), Stuttering As A
   Manifestation of Right-Hemispheric Subcortical Stroke. European Neurology, 30 (5),
   268-270
Keywords: STROKE/SWITZERLAND
Vrethem, M. and Johansson, I. (1990), Prognosis in Patients with Transient Ischemic
   Attacks and Minor Stroke Associated with A Normal Angiogram. European
   Neurology, 30 (4), 203-206
Keywords: SWITZERLAND
Bogousslavsky, J., Regli, F., Zumstein, V. and Kobberling, W. (1990),
   Double-Blind-Study of Nimodipine in Non-Severe Stroke. European Neurology, 30
   (1), 23-26
Deryck, M. (1990), Animal-Models of Cerebral Stroke - Pharmacological Protection of
   Function. European Neurology, 30 21-27
Keywords: SWITZERLAND
Hulser, P.J., Kornhuber, A.W. and Kornhuber, H.H. (1990), Treatment of Acute Stroke
   with Calcium-Antagonists. European Neurology, 30 35-38
Keywords: SWITZERLAND
Limburg, M. and Hijdra, A. (1990), Flunarizine in Acute Ischemic Stroke - A
   Pilot-Study. European Neurology, 30 (3), 121-122
Keywords: SWITZERLAND
Dhainaut, J.F. and Brunet, F. (1990), Right Ventricular Performance in Adult
   Respiratory-Distress Syndrome. European Respiratory Journal, 3 S490-S495.
Abstract: In adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), the pulmonary artery
   hypertension is followed by increases in right ventricular diastolic and systolic
   volumes and a decreased ejection fraction. The stroke volume is preserved by the
   Frank-Starling mechanism as preload increases, even in the presence of severe
   pulmonary artery hypertension. In contrast, if there coexists a depression of the right
   ventricle contractility, as during right ventricular contusion, septic shock or a viral
   myocarditis, the compensatory Frank-Starling mechanism, that maintains right
   ventricular pump function, seems limited. Thus, it appears that the contractile state of
   the right ventricle can influence the clinical course of ARDS. In addition, patients
   with ARDS require mechanical ventilation with positive end-expiratory pressure
   (PEEP), which has a detrimental effect on right ventricular loading conditions. Most
   investigators agree that the most important effect is a decreased right ventricular
   preload, secondary to the increased pleural pressure due to PEEP. However, in
   patients with severe pulmonary artery hypertension, the PEEP-induced increase in
   right ventricular afterload may become more preponderant, and inotropic support to
   maintain right ventricular stroke volume may be necessary
Keywords:                             ACUTE                              RESPIRATORY
   FAILURE/ADJUSTMENTS/ARDS/CARE/COPENHAGEN/COR
   PULMONALE/DOGS/ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY/EJECTION
   FRACTION/END-EXPIRATORY
   PRESSURE/FAILURE/HYPERTENSION/INOTROPIC DRUGS/MECHANICAL
   VENTILATION/PEEP/RIGHT                                            VENTRICULAR
   FUNCTION/VASODILATORS/VENTILATION
Skolasinska, K., Yamori, Y., Kihara, M., Nara, Y. and Horie, R. (1981), Characteristic
   Responses to L-Dopa of Cerebral Blood-Flow and Eeg Pattern in Stroke-Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Experientia, 37 (9), 997-998
Starr, L.B., Robinson, R.G. and Price, T.R. (1983), Reliability, Validity, and Clinical
   Utility of the Social Functioning Exam in the Assessment of Stroke Patients.
   Experimental Aging Research, 9 (2), 101-106
Wolf, S.L., Lecraw, D.E., Barton, L.A. and Jann, B.B. (1989), Forced Use of
   Hemiplegic Upper Extremities to Reverse the Effect of Learned Nonuse Among
   Chronic Stroke and Head-Injured Patients. Experimental Neurology, 104 (2),
   125-132
[Anon]. (1983), Pill Cuts Arthritis, Ovarian-Cancer Risk - Doesnt Cause
   Gallbladder-Disease - Raises Stroke Risk Slightly. Family Planning Perspectives, 15
   (1), 36-37
Umegaki, K., Ikeda, M., Nakamura, K. and Tomita, T. (1986), Defects of
   Thrombin-Induced Protein-Phosphorylation in Platelets from Stroke-Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Febs Letters, 196 (1), 139-144
Overgaard, K., Lundbaek, J.A. and Boysen, G. (1990), Thrombolytic Therapy in Stroke
   - A Rat Model. Fibrinolysis, 4 13-14
Keywords: FIBRINOLYSIS/SCOTLAND
Hirschberg, M. (1990), Dog-Model for Thrombolysis in Acute Ischemic Stroke.
   Fibrinolysis, 4 9-11
Keywords: FIBRINOLYSIS/SCOTLAND
Abel, D.C., Lowell, W.R., Graham, J.B. and Shabetai, R. (1987), Elasmobranch
   Pericardial Function .2. the Influence of Pericardial Pressure on Cardiac Stroke
   Volume in Horn Sharks and Blue Sharks. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 4 (1),
   5-14
Palets, L.D. (1983), The Cardiac Pump Function, Power and Stroke Work in Intact
   Animals Under Prolonged Adrenaline Infusion. Fiziologicheskii Zhurnal, 29 (3),
   272-279
Zscheile, K. (1984), Suhl Meat Combine Stroke the Balance. Fleisch, 38 (6), 114
Shiota, C., Sasagawa, S., Hara, K., Ikoma, Y. and Oshino, N. (1982), Central
   Dopaminergic Function in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (Shrsp) .1.
   Alteration of Locomotor-Activity and Swimming Ability. Folia Pharmacologica
   Japonica, 80 (5), 375-384
Hara, K., Ikoma, Y., Nakao, H., Ezumi, K., Oshino, N., Shiota, C. and Sasagawa, S.
   (1982), Central Dopaminergic Function in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive
   Rats (Shrsp) .2. Effects of Chronic Treatment with Lisuride on the Impaired
   Swimming Ability. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica, 80 (5), 385-394
Suno, M., Shibota, M. and Nagaoka, A. (1984), Effect of Cv-2619 (Idebenone) on the
   Half-Life and Hemolysis of Red-Blood-Cells in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats (Shrsp). Folia Pharmacologica Japonica, 84 (4), 407-410
Bando, K., Hatanaka, Y., Ohbayashi, S. and Irino, O. (1988), A Quantitative
   Measurement of the Cerebral Infarct Focus Induced by Arachidonate Infusion and
   the Relationship Between Measured Values and Stroke Signs. Folia Pharmacologica
   Japonica, 92 (3), 193-200
Yamashita, K., Shigematsu, K., Maeda, T., Ishida, Y., Niwa, M. and Ozaki, M. (1989),
   Antihypertensive Effect of Bopindolol on Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive
   Rats (Shrsp). Folia Pharmacologica Japonica, 93 (1), 7-15
Uchida, S., Itoh, M., Fujimoto, M., Yamashita, K., Niwa, M., Sekine, I. and Ozaki, M.
   (1990), Antihypertensive Effects of Betaxolol, A Cardioselective Beta- Adrenoceptor
   Antagonist, in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (Shrsp). Folia
   Pharmacologica Japonica, 96 (2), 49-63
Keywords: JAPAN
Braun, M. (1981), Closed Drainage of Urinary-Bladder on Rehabilitation of the Infected
   Contracted Bladder After Apoplectic Stroke. Fortschritte der Medizin, 99 (26),
   1039-&
Wassmann, H. (1982), Treatment of Completed Stroke with Hyperbaric Oxygenation
   and Extra-Intracranial Arterial Bypass Operation. Fortschritte der Medizin, 100 (7),
   285-288
Durner, A. and Vonalbert, H.H. (1985), The Importance of the Time Factor for
   Cct-Findings in Completely Reversible Stroke. Fortschritte der Medizin, 103 (29),
   721-724
Wessely, P., Zeiler, K., Bianco, P.D. and Mamoli, B. (1981), Relations Between
   Clinical and Angiographical Results in Cases of Completed Stroke. Fortschritte der
   Neurologie Psychiatrie, 49 (5), 179-186
Hornig, C.R., Buttner, T. and Dorndorf, W. (1987), Lethality of Ischemic Stroke.
   Fortschritte der Neurologie Psychiatrie, 55 (11), 347-353
Uttal, B. (1986), How to Cope When the Ceo Has A Stroke. Fortune, 113 (5), 42-44
Fierman, J. (1987), Reed,John Bold Stroke. Fortune, 115 (13), 26-32
Ishii, Y. (1988), Analysis of Kanji Structures and A Method for Recognizing Online
   Handwritten Kanji Characters by Means of Stroke Representative Points. Fujitsu
   Scientific & Technical Journal, 24 (3), 177-202
Evrard, S. (1990), The Decline of Stroke. Gazette Medicale, 97 (26), 59-64
Kuhl, H. (1990), Ovulation Preventatives - the Significance of the Estrogen Dose.
   Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde, 50 (12), 910-922.
Abstract: The large prospective studies on adverse effects of oral contraceptives have
   unanimously revealed an increased risk of thromboembolic diseases, which seem to
   be associated with the dose of ethinylestradiol (EE). According to the
   recommendations of several medical committees, the dose of EE has, therefore, been
   more and more reduced; in some countries there are now ovulation inhibitors
   containing 20-mu-g EE. Since serious reactions, which have a relatively low
   incidence, are highly underreported (less than 10 %), it is difficult to prove
   dose-dependent differences in the rates of cardiovascular diseases. There is, however,
   virtually no doubt that not only the incidence of thromboembolic diseases and stroke,
   but also that of benign liver tumours and gall bladder diseases is increased in relation
   to the EE-dose. A series of metabolic serum parameters, e.g. serum binding proteins,
   coagulation and fibrinolysis factors, angiotensinogen, is changed by EE in a
   dose-dependent manner which is, however, limited when the effects are
   receptor-mediated. Higher doses of EE have been shown to facilitate fibrin deposits
   on vascular subendothelium. The pharmacological effects of EE are to a large extent
   dependent on the dose, e.g. the irreversible reactions of EE and other ethinylated
   steroids with hepatic enzymes which are involved in the metabolism of steroids,
   drugs and toxic compounds. After long-term treatment with combinations containing
   50-mu-g EE, in half of the women, abnormal liver function tests with pathological
   morphological alterations have been found. As combinations with low EE doses and
   a sufficiently effective progestogen component do not differ from higher dosed oral
   contraceptives in their contractives safety and cycle control, there are no indications
   for pills containing 50-mu-g EE, except the normophasic sequential preparations for
   women with sustained irregular bleedings when taking low dose combinations
Keywords:                                                                               17
   ALPHA-ETHYNYLESTRADIOL/BLOOD-PRESSURE/CARBOHYDRATE-MET
   ABOLISM/ETHINYL ESTRADIOL/ETHYNYL ESTROGENS/FUNCTIONAL
   OVARIAN CYSTS/HUMAN-LIVER-MICROSOMES/ORAL-CONTRACEPTIVE
   USERS/POST-MENOPAUSAL WOMEN/PROGESTATIONAL AGENTS
Morris, P.L.P. and Raphael, B. (1987), Depressive Disorder Associated with Physical
   Illness - the Impact of Stroke. General Hospital Psychiatry, 9 (5), 324-330
Kawashima, K., Hayakawa, T., Miwa, Y., Oohata, H., Suzuki, T., Fujimoto, K., Ogino,
   T. and Chen, Z.X. (1990), Structure and Hypotensive Activity Relationships of
   Tetrandrine Derivatives in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. General
   Pharmacology, 21 (3), 343-347
Idone, V.P., Orville, R.E., Mach, D.M. and Rust, W.D. (1987), The Propagation Speed
   of A Positive Lightning Return Stroke. Geophysical Research Letters, 14 (11),
   1150-1153
Cooray, V. (1989), Derivation of Return Stroke Parameters from the Electric and
   Magnetic-Field Derivatives. Geophysical Research Letters, 16 (1), 61-64
Rhodes, C. and Krehbiel, P.R. (1989), Interferometric Observations of A Single Stroke
   Cloud-To-Ground Flash. Geophysical Research Letters, 16 (10), 1169-1172
Pezzella, G., Irace, C., Viola, R., Cicerano, U., Dechiara, S. and Postiglione, A. (1988),
   Atrial-Fibrillation And/Or Elevated Hematocrit Increase Short- Term Mortality in
   Patients with Ischemic Stroke. Geriatric Cardiovascular Medicine, 1 (4), 267-269
Carlow, T.J. and Bicknell, J.M. (1981), Stroke and the Eye - Diagnostic Clues and
   Treatment Approaches. Geriatrics, 36 (12), 28-&
Boshell, B.R. (1981), Diabetes and Stroke - Coping with the Consequences. Geriatrics,
   36 (10), 51-&
Mckinney, A.S. (1981), Appropriate Investigation of Stroke and Dementia. Geriatrics,
   36 (6), 41-&
Greer, M. (1982), Strategies for Reducing Stroke Frequency. Geriatrics, 37 (9), 36-42
Kotler, M.N., Mintz, G.S. and Segal, B.L. (1983), Two-Dimensional Echocardiography
   for Stroke Patients. Geriatrics, 38 (12), 57-&
Steinberg, F.U. (1986), Rehabilitating the Older Stroke Patient - Whats Possible.
   Geriatrics, 41 (3), 85-&
Wessler, S. (1987), Anticoagulants in the Prevention of Embolic Stroke .1. Geriatrics,
   42 (2), 29-&
Wessler, S. (1987), Prophylactic Anticoagulants in Managing Embolic Stroke.
   Geriatrics, 42 (3), 83-86
Dobkin, B.H. (1988), Management of Geriatric Tia and Stroke. Geriatrics, 43 (11),
   27-&
Grotta, J.C. (1988), Post-Stroke Management Concerns and Outcomes. Geriatrics, 43
   (7), 40-&
Robbins, A.S. (1989), Hypothermia and Heat-Stroke - Protecting the Elderly Patient.
   Geriatrics, 44 (1), 73-&
Aronow, W.S. (1990), Risk-Factors for Geriatric Stroke - Identification and Follow- Up.
   Geriatrics, 45 (9), 37-&
Baum, H.M. and Manton, K.G. (1987), National Trends in Stroke-Related Mortality - A
   Comparison of Multiple Cause Mortality Data with Survey and Other Health Data.
   Gerontologist, 27 (3), 293-300
Norris, V.K., Stephens, M.A.P. and Kinney, J.M. (1990), The Impact of Family
   Interactions on Recovery from Stroke - Help Or Hindrance. Gerontologist, 30 (4),
   535-542
Keywords: STATE
Lin, W.L. and Essner, E. (1988), Ultrastructural and Permeability Characteristics of
   Retinal- Vessels in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Graefes Archive
   for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 226 (6), 559-566
Wintzen, A.R. (1985), The Management of Stroke - Fears and Facts. Haemostasis, 15
   (4), 278-282
Prins, M.H., Gelsema, R., Sing, A.K., Vanheerde, L.R. and Denottolander, G.J.H.
   (1989), Prophylaxis of Deep Venous Thrombosis with A Low-Molecular- Weight
   Heparin (Kabi-2165/Fragmin) in Stroke Patients. Haemostasis, 19 (5), 245-250
Tavazzi, L. (1990), Heparin in Acute Myocardial-Infarction. Haemostasis, 20 122-128.
Abstract: Thrombolytic therapy has become an established procedure in patients with
   acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, the aftercare of such patients is still
   uncertain. A meta-analysis of twenty trials of intravenous or subcutaneous heparin in
   AMI performed during the prethrombolysis period indicated a significant reduction
   in mortality, reinfarction, and stroke in treated patients. More recently, a study
   (SCATI) aimed at investigating the clinical effects of subcutaneous heparin (12,500
   U two times daily) in the setting of thrombolytic therapeutical strategy in AMI,
   showed a lower in-hospital mortality, a trend towards lesser transient ischemic
   episodes in patients given streptokinase, and no difference in recurrent infarction rate.
   Ventricular thrombi were markedly reduced by heparin. Anti-platelet drugs were not
   permitted in the SCATI. In both GISSI 2 (Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio della
   Streptochinasi nell'Infarto Miocardico) and International tissue plasminogen
   activator/streptokinase trials, aspirin was a recommended treatment, and
   subcutaneous heparin was randomized. No difference in mortality was noted in
   patients given heparin. In GISSI 2 recurrent ischemic episodes were also similar in
   treated and control groups, whereas embolic events were reduced by heparin. Major
   bleedings were rare in all trials. In conclusion, subcutaneous heparin is beneficial in
   AMI; however, the association with aspirin does not add consistent benefits. Heparin
   is effective in preventing thrombus formation and embolic complications - such
   effects are not shared by aspirin
Keywords:        ANGIOPLASTY/CARE/DEEP-                VEIN      THROMBOSIS/EARLY
   THROMBOLYSIS/HEPARIN/INTRAVENOUS
   HEPARIN/LEFT-VENTRICULAR THROMBUS/MORTALITY/MYOCARDIAL
   INFARCTION/RANDOMIZED                                       TRIAL/SUBCUTANEOUS
   HEPARIN/SURVIVAL/SWITZERLAND/THROMBOLYSIS/TISSUE
   PLASMINOGEN-ACTIVATOR
Lotto, A., Colombo, A., Talarico, G., Fratianni, G. and Lettino, M. (1990), Heparin and
   Secondary Prevention of Acute Myocardial-Infarction. Haemostasis, 20 132-141.
Abstract: Patients surviving acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may experience several
   clinical events (reinfarction, congestive heart failure, sudden death) still responsible
   for high mortality rates. AMI early complicated by residual angina, left ventricular
   dysfunction, or malignant arrhythmias has a worse prognosis. Secondary prevention
   of myocardial infarction and death has been the end point of many clinical trials in
   the past two decades. It is well known that beta blockers prevent sudden death if
   administered chronically after AMI. Meta- analysis of controlled randomized trials
   demonstrated a significant reduction in reinfarction and vascular death with
   long-term antiplatelet treatment. Oral anticoagulants prevent fatal and non-fatal
   reinfarction and show a trend towards lower mortality rates, though treated patients
   have a higher incidence of haemorrhagic events, particularly stroke. Early
   administration of heparin gave contradictory results on short- term prevention of
   myocardial infarction and death after AMI. Data on long-term heparin therapy point
   out a significant reduction in recurrent AMI and a trend towards a decrease in
   general mortality
Keywords:                                       ASPIRIN/BLOCKADE/CONTROLLED
   TRIAL/FIBRINOPEPTIDE-A/HEPARIN/MORBIDITY/MORTALITY/MULTICE
   NTER/MYOCARDIAL
   INFARCTION/PROGNOSIS/REINFARCTION/SECONDARY
   PREVENTION/SWITZERLAND/THERAPY
Serneri, G.G.N., Amaducci, L., Inzitari, D. and Gensini, G.F. (1990), Low-Dose
   Heparin in the Prevention of Ischemic Stroke - Presentation of the Experimental
   Protocol of the Low-Dose Heparin Stroke Prevention Study. Haemostasis, 20
   142-144
Keywords:                    ETHICAL                   COMMITTEE/EXPERIMENTAL
   PROTOCOL/INFARCTION/LOW-DOSE                           HEPARIN                STROKE
   PREVENTION/SWITZERLAND/TICLOPIDINE
Prentice, C.R.M. (1990), Pathogenesis of Thrombosis. Haemostasis, 20 50-59.
Abstract: The pathogenesis of thrombosis involves consideration of two processes:
   atherosclerosis and thrombosis. Atherosclerosis is a prolonged process in which
   interaction of lipids and the haemostatic system produces focal lesions at sites of
   turbulence in arteries. These lesions may rupture, precipitating the complication of
   thrombosis and leading to complete occlusion of the vessel, causing myocardial
   infarction, stroke, or acute ischaemia. In veins the atherosclerotic process does not
   occur, and thrombosis is precipitated by immobility often associated with accidental
   or surgical trauma. The changes in platelets, coagulation, fibrinolytic systems leading
   to atherosclerosis and thrombi are reviewed. The role of platelets and coagulation
   changes in these processes are emphasized by the beneficial effects of therapy, both
   antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy. Last, the concept of hypercoagulability
   leading to accelerated arterial disease and the clinical value of laboratory tests used
   in its detection are considered
Keywords:
   ATHEROSCLEROSIS/BLOOD-VISCOSITY/COAGULATION/CORONARY-AR
   TERY                    DISEASE/ENDOTHELIAL                           CELL/FACTOR-
   VII/FIBRINOGEN/FIBRINOLYSIS/GROWTH-FACTOR/HEMOSTATIC
   FUNCTION/HYPERCOAGULABILITY/MECHANISM/MYOCARDIAL-INFARC
   TION/PATHOGENESIS/RISK
   FACTOR/SWITZERLAND/THROMBOSIS/TISSUE FACTOR
Swanson, A.B. and Swanson, G.D. (1989), Evaluation and Treatment of the Upper
   Extremity in the Stroke Patient. Hand Clinics, 5 (1), 75-96
Levy, R.L. (1981), Stroke and Orgasmic Cephalgia. Headache, 21 (1), 12-13
Spaccavento, L.J. and Solomon, G.D. (1984), Migraine As An Etiology of Stroke in
   Young-Adults. Headache, 24 (1), 19-22
Bardwell, A. and Trott, J.A. (1987), Stroke in Migraine As A Consequence of
   Propranolol. Headache, 27 (7), 381-383
Bernsen, H.J.J.A., Vandevlasakker, C., Verhagen, W.I.M. and Prick, M.J.J. (1990),
   Basilar Artery Migraine Stroke. Headache, 30 (3), 142-144
Spierings, E.L.H. (1990), Angiographic Changes Suggestive of Vasospasm in Migraine
   Complicated by Stroke. Headache, 30 (11), 727-728.
Abstract: A 30-year-old woman with a history of common migraine developed a
   permanent left homonymous hemianopia during a typical headache. CT scan
   demonstrated a right posterior cerebral infarction and angiography showed irregular
   narrowing of the ipsilateral posterior cerebral artery, suggestive of vasospasm. In the
   case no risk factors for atherosclerotic stroke were present except for smoking, and
   no other causes of stroke could be found
Keywords:                                                                 COMPLICATED
   MIGRAINE/CT/HEADACHE/STROKE/VASOSPASM/WOMEN
Watson, B. (1983), Different Stroke Therapy. Health, 15 (4), 19
[Anon]. (1984), Lucky Stroke. Health, 16 (5), 64-67
Combe, J., Poinsard, P., Besancenot, J., Cattin, F., Bonneville, J.F. and Camelot, G.
   (1990), Intraluminal Thrombi of the Cervical Carotid-Artery. Helvetica Chirurgica
   Acta, 57 (2), 219-221.
Abstract: Intraluminal clot of the internal cervical carotid artery is commonly thought to
   require emergency surgery: 7 intraluminal clots specially threatening (6 of whom had
   a long defect - 15 mm and more) are demonstrated by intraarterial digital
   angiography - 4 patients experienced mild stroke, 3 major stroke. 3 of whom had
   previous recurrent T.I.A. (3 transient blindness, 1 hemispheric TIA). Carotid
   angiography identified 3 severe atherosclerotic stenosis, 3 ulcerated plaques and 1
   dissection. One patient with coma carus died quickly. Anticoagulation therapy (6
   cases) was made, 4 weeks along, without neurologic complications. Follow-up
   angiograms showed total resolution (4 cases), partial lysis (1 case) and mild
   extension (1 case). Delayed endarterectomy was made only for severe carotid
   atheroclerosis (5 cases). In our experience, intraluminal clot of the carotid artery may
   not be a surgical emergency but require anticoagulant therapy and delayed surgical if
   major underlying lesions
Keywords: SWITZERLAND/TIA
Ernst, E., Matrai, A., Schonhaber, H., Paulsen, H.F. and Magyarosy, I. (1986),
   Hemorheological Changes During Stroke Rehabilitation. Herz Kreislauf, 18 (1),
   30-34
Buschhaus, J., Trampisch, H.J., Minning, E., Scharfbornhofen, E. and Blumchen, G.
   (1986), Reproducibility of Cardiac-Output and Stroke Volume Measurements Using
   Thermodilution. Herz Kreislauf, 18 (12), 615-623
Stix, P. and Egger, J. (1987), The Pathway to the Hospital - Differences Between
   Patients with Stroke and Cardial Infarction Concerning Promptness in Taking
   Medical Aid. Herz Kreislauf, 19 (6), 307-314
Ponzillo, J.J. (1990), Focus on Ticlopidine - A Platelet-Aggregation Inhibitor for Stroke
   Prophylaxis. Hospital Formulary, 25 (5), 517-&
Gurwith, M. (1982), Infection and Stroke Following Mitral-Valve Replacement.
   Hospital Practice, 17 (1), U98-V98
Young, E.J., Reims, R.G. and Jolivet, D.A. (1983), Fever and Deterioration in Impaired
   Stroke Patient. Hospital Practice, 18 (10), 59-&
Stroh, J.A., Bagaria, S.K., Gabor, G.E. and Glassman, E. (1988), Tia in An
   Anticoagulated Patient A Dozen Years After A Stroke. Hospital Practice, 23 (7),
   113-&
Lough, S., Wing, A.M., Fraser, C. and Jenner, J.R. (1984), Measurement of Recovery of
   Function in the Hemiparetic Upper Limb Following Stroke - A Preliminary-Report.
   Human Movement Science, 3 (3), 247-256
Sadoshima, S., Busija, D., Brody, M. and Heistad, D. (1981), Sympathetic-Nerves
   Protect Against Stroke in Stroke-Prone Hypertensive Rats - A Preliminary-Report.
   Hypertension, 3 (3), 124-127
Dietz, R., Schomig, A., Rascher, W., Strasser, R., Luth, J.B., Ganten, U. and Kubler, W.
   (1982), Contribution of the Sympathetic Nervous-System to the Hypertensive Effect
   of A High Sodium Diet in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats.
   Hypertension, 4 (6), 773-781
Sadoshima, S. and Heistad, D. (1982), Sympathetic-Nerves Protect the
   Blood-Brain-Barrier in Stroke- Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats.
   Hypertension, 4 (6), 904-907
Takeshita, A., Imaizumi, T., Ashihara, T. and Nakamura, M. (1982),
   Adrenergic-Mechanisms do Not Contribute to Salt-Induced Vasoconstriction in
   Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat. Hypertension, 4 (2), 288-293
Yamori, Y., Horie, R., Tanase, H., Fujiwara, K., Nara, Y. and Lovenberg, W. (1984),
   Possible Role of Nutritional Factors in the Incidence of Cerebral-Lesions in
   Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Hypertension, 6 (1), 49-53
Werber, A.H., Baumbach, G.L., Wagner, D.V., Mark, A.L. and Heistad, D.D. (1985),
   Factors That Influence Stroke in Dahl Salt-Sensitive Rats. Hypertension, 7 (1), 59-64
Bruner, C.A., Myers, J.H., Sing, C.F., Jokelainen, P.T. and Webb, R.C. (1986), Genetic
   Association of Hypertension and Vascular Changes in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats. Hypertension, 8 (10), 904-910
Mohr, J.P. (1986), Lacunar Stroke. Hypertension, 8 (4), 349-356
Soltis, E.E. and Bohr, D.F. (1987), Vascular Reactivity in the Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Stroke- Prone Rat - Effect of Antihypertensive Treatment.
   Hypertension, 9 (5), 492-497
Sugimoto, T., Tobian, L. and Ganguli, M.C. (1988), High Potassium Diets Protect
   Against Dysfunction of Endothelial-Cells in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats. Hypertension, 11 (6), 579-585
Lee, R.M.K.W., Nagahama, M., Mckenzie, R. and Daniel, E.E. (1988),
   Peptide-Containing Nerves Around Blood-Vessels of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats. Hypertension, 11 (2), 117-120
Bruner, C.A. and Webb, R.C. (1988), Adrenal-Dependent Change in Vascular
   Reactivity in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Hypertension, 12 (4),
   388-392
Tomita, T., Ikeda, M., Inoue, Y., Mitubori, T. and Umegaki, K. (1989), Defective
   Protein-Phosphorylation Associated with Hypofunctions in Stroke-Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat Platelets. Hypertension, 14 (3), 304-315
Okamoto, H., Kawaguchi, H., Minami, M., Saito, H. and Yasuda, H. (1989), Lipid
   Alterations in Renal Membrane of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats.
   Hypertension, 13 (5), 456-462
Schober, M., Howe, P.R.C., Sperk, G., Fischercolbrie, R. and Winkler, H. (1989), An
   Increased Pool of Secretory Hormones and Peptides in Adrenal-Medulla of
   Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Hypertension, 13 (5), 469-474
Stier, C.T., Benter, I.F., Ahmad, S., Zuo, H., Selig, N., Roethel, S., Levine, S. and
   Itskovitz, H.D. (1989), Enalapril Prevents Stroke and Kidney Dysfunction in
   Salt-Loaded Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Hypertension, 13 (2),
   115-121
Furspan, P.B. and Bohr, D.F. (1990), Calcium Sensitivity of Ca-2+-Activated K+
   Channels in Spontaneously Hypertensive Stroke-Prone Rats. Hypertension, 15 (2),
   I97-I101
Keywords: HEART/HYPERTENSION
Volpe, M., Camargo, M.J.F., Mueller, F.B., Campbell, W.G., Sealey, J.E., Pecker, M.S.,
   Sosa, R.E. and Laragh, J.H. (1990), Relation of Plasma-Renin to End Organ Damage
   and to Protection of K+ Feeding in Stroke-Prone Hypertensive Rats. Hypertension,
   15 (3), 318-326
Keywords: HEART/HYPERTENSION/K+
Yokoyama, S., Miyake, K., Mitani, H. and Takanishi, A. (1983), Simultaneous
   Measurement of Lightning Induced Voltages with Associated Stroke Currents. Ieee
   Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, 102 (8), 2420-2429
Dzierzanowski, J.M., Bourne, J.R., Shiavi, R. and Sandell, H.S.H. (1985), Gaitspert -
   An Expert System for the Evaluation of Abnormal Human Locomotion Arising from
   Stroke. Ieee Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 32 (11), 935-942
Lee, R.H. (1986), The Shattering Effect of Lightning - Pressure from Heating of Air by
   Stroke Current. Ieee Transactions on Industry Applications, 22 (3), 416-419
Leung, C.H., Cheung, Y.S. and Wong, Y.L. (1987), A Knowledge-Based
   Stroke-Matching Method for Chinese Character- Recognition. Ieee Transactions on
   Systems Man and Cybernetics, 17 (6), 993-1003
Mattos, M.A.D. and Christopoulos, C. (1988), A Nonlinear Transmission-Line Model
   of the Lightning Return Stroke. Ieee Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility,
   30 (3), 401-406
Casinovi, G., Geri, A. and Veca, G.M. (1989), Magnetic-Field Near A Concrete Wall
   During A Lightning-Stroke. Ieee Transactions on Magnetics, 25 (5), 4006-4008
Hamalainen, J.J. (1989), Optimal Stroke Volume in Left-Ventricular Ejection. Ieee
   Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 36 (2), 172-182
Lequesne, B. (1990), Fast-Acting, Long-Stroke Solenoids with 2 Springs. Ieee
   Transactions on Industry Applications, 26 (5), 848-856
Lequesne, B. (1990), Fast-Acting Long-Stroke Bistable Solenoids with Moving
   Permanent-Magnets. Ieee Transactions on Industry Applications, 26 (3), 401-407
Dellera, L. and Garbagnati, E. (1990), Lightning-Stroke Simulation by Means of the
   Leader Progression Model .1. Description of the Model and Evaluation of Exposure
   of Freestanding Structures. Ieee Transactions on Power Delivery, 5 (4), 2009-2022
Dellera, L. and Garbaqnati, E. (1990), Lightning-Stroke Simulation by Means of the
   Leader Progression Model .2. Exposure and Shielding Failure Evaluation of
   Overhead Lines with Assessment of Application Graphs. Ieee Transactions on
   Power Delivery, 5 (4), 2023-2029
Jain, S. and Maheshwari, M.C. (1985), Prognostic Value of Brain-Stem Auditory
   Evoked-Responses in Coma Due to Stroke. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 82
   540-547
Agarwal, A., Nag, D., Kar, A.M., Agarwal, A.K. and Chowdhury, S.R. (1987),
   Dexamethasone Suppression Test and Post Stroke Depression. Indian Journal of
   Medical Research, 85 297-301
Staedt, U., Hutt, M., Herrmann, B., Seufzer, U. and Leweling, H. (1989), Influence of
   Hemodilution with A 10-Percent Hydroxyethylstarch Solution (Mw-200,000/0.5) on
   the Flow Properties of Blood, Arterial Blood-Gases and Conjunctival
   Oxygen-Tension in Patients with Stroke. Infusionstherapie und Transfusionsmedizin,
   16 (3), 107-&
Fuchs, M., Henkel, P., Beckerscheid, D. and Schmitt, J. (1990), Continuous
   Hemodilution by Low-Molecular Hydroxyethyl Starch in Acute Stroke.
   Infusionstherapie und Transfusionsmedizin, 17 (4), 205-209
Keywords: SWITZERLAND
Kortsik, C.S.F., Staedt, U., Stein, T., Geiger, G. and Buss, J. (1990), Effects of
   6-Percent Low-Molecular-Weight Hydroxyethyl Starch Infusion on Conjunctival
   Oxygen-Tension, Hemorheology and Circulation in Patients with Acute Ischemic
   Stroke. Infusionstherapie und Transfusionsmedizin, 17 (2), 79-82
Keywords: SWITZERLAND
Barnett, H.J.M. (1984), Prevention of Stroke. International Anesthesiology Clinics, 22
   (3), 11-29
Mohr, J.P., Nichols, F.T. and Tatemichi, T.K. (1984), Classification and Diagnosis of
   Stroke. International Angiology, 3 (4), 431-439
Yatsu, F.M. (1984), Future Perspectives for Ischemic Stroke Therapy. International
   Angiology, 3 (4), 479-485
Fields, W.S. (1984), Antiplatelet Therapy in the Prevention of Stroke. International
   Angiology, 3 (4), 469-472
Falke, P. and Stavenow, L. (1989), Advanced Carotid Stenosis in Tia and Minor Stroke
   As A Predictor of Coronary Heart-Disease - A 3-Year Follow-Up. International
   Angiology, 8 (4), 175-178
Attia, M., Khogali, M., Elkhatib, G., Mustafa, M.K.E., Mahmoud, N.A., Eldin, A.N.
   and Gumaa, K. (1983), Heat-Stroke - An Upward Shift of Temperature Regulation
   Set Point at An Elevated Body-Temperature. International Archives of Occupational
   and Environmental Health, 53 (1), 9-17
Greene, E. and Tager, R.M. (1981), The Influence of Stroke on Visual Gestalt
   Operations. International Journal of Neuroscience, 14 (1-2), 47-60
Furuhama, S. and Kobayashi, Y. (1982), A Liquid-Hydrogen Car with A 2-Stroke
   Direct Injection Engine and Lh2-Pump. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 7
   (10), 809-820
Dickhuth, H.H., Nause, A., Staiger, J., Bonzel, T. and Keul, J. (1983),
   Two-Dimensional Echocardiographic Measurements of Left- Ventricular Volume
   and Stroke Volume of Endurance-Trained Athletes and Untrained Subjects.
   International Journal of Sports Medicine, 4 (1), 21-26
Martorano, L. and Dini, D. (1983), Hydrogen Injection in 2-Stroke Reciprocating
   Gas-Engines. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 8 (11-1), 935-938
Salonen, J.T. and Puska, P. (1983), Relation of Serum-Cholesterol and Triglycerides to
   the Risk of Acute Myocardial-Infarction, Cerebral Stroke and Death in Eastern
   Finnish Male-Population. International Journal of Epidemiology, 12 (1), 26-31
Stronge, W.J., Yu, T.X. and Johnson, W. (1983), Long Stroke Energy-Dissipation in
   Splitting Tubes. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 25 (9-10), 637-647
Evans, R.L. and Held, S. (1984), Evaluation of Family Stroke Education. International
   Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 7 (1), 47-51
Furuhama, S. and Kobayashi, Y. (1984), Development of A Hot-Surface-Ignition
   Hydrogen Injection 2- Stroke Engine. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 9
   (3), 205-213
Axelsson, K., Norberg, A. and Asplund, K. (1984), Eating After A Stroke - Towards An
   Integrated View. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 21 (2), 93-99
Gouvier, W.D., Cottam, G., Webster, J.S., Beissel, G.F. and Wofford, J.D. (1984),
   Behavioral Interventions with Stroke Patients for Improving Wheelchair Navigation.
   International Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology, 6 (3), 186-190
Rosse, R.B. and Ciolino, C.P. (1985), Effects of Cortical Lesion Location on
   Psychiatric-Consultation Referral for Depressed Stroke Inpatients. International
   Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 15 (4), 311-320
Ishikawa, T., Ohashi, M., Kitagawa, N., Nagai, Y. and Miyazawa, T. (1985),
   Experimental-Study on the Lethal Threshold Value of Multiple Successive Voltage
   Impulses to Rabbits Simulating Multi-Stroke Lightning Flash. International
   Journal of Biometeorology, 29 (2), 157-168
John, J. (1986), Failure of Electrical Myofeedback to Augment the Effects of
   Physiotherapy in Stroke. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 9 (1),
   35-45
Chang, K.K., Chow, L.P. and Rider, R.V. (1986), Oral-Contraceptives and Stroke - A
   Preliminary-Report on An Epidemiologic-Study in Taiwan, China. International
   Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 24 (6), 421-430
Sher, E. and Hacohen, Y. (1987), On the Modeling of A Si 4-Stroke Cycle Engine
   Fueled with Hydrogen-Enriched Gasoline. International Journal of Hydrogen
   Energy, 12 (11), 773-781
Belanger, L., Bolduc, M. and Noel, M. (1988), Relative Importance of Aftereffects,
   Environment and Socio- Economic Factors on the Social Integration of Stroke
   Victims. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 11 (3), 251-260
Weiss, M., Pollert, R., Stehle, R. and Weicker, H. (1988), Differences in
   Sympathoadrenal, Hormonal, and Metabolic Adaptation to Submaximal and
   Maximal Arm and Leg Work Compared with Whole Stroke in Breast-Style
   Swimming. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 9 118-124
Parikh, R.M., Eden, D.T., Price, T.R. and Robinson, R.G. (1988), The Sensitivity and
   Specificity of the Center-For- Epidemiologic-Studies Depression Scale in Screening
   for Post- Stroke Depression. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 18 (2),
   169-181
Ross, S. and Morris, R.G. (1988), Psychological Adjustment of the Spouses of Aphasic
   Stroke Patients. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 11 (4), 383-386
Kono, S., Ichimiya, H., Tokudome, S., Ikeda, M. and Nakayama, F. (1988), Type of
   Gallstones and Deaths from Stroke and Coronary Heart- Disease Among
   Cholecystectomized Patients. International Journal of Epidemiology, 17 (1), 82-85
Gill, J.S., Shipley, M.J., Hornby, R.H., Gill, S.K. and Beevers, D.G. (1988), A
   Community Case-Control Study of Alcohol-Consumption in Stroke. International
   Journal of Epidemiology, 17 (3), 542-547
Klag, M.J., Moore, R.D., Sakai, Y., Sasaki, S., Stone, R.W. and Comstock, G.W. (1989),
   Alcohol-Use and Retinal-Vessels - Insights Into the Mechanism of Alcohol-Induced
   Stroke. International Journal of Epidemiology, 18 (3), 619-625
Holroyd, J. and Hill, A. (1989), Pushing the Limits of Recovery - Hypnotherapy with A
   Stroke Patient. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 37 (2),
   120-128
Stokholm, K.H., Astrup, A., Breum, L., Bregengaard, C. and Petersen, H.D. (1989),
   Cardiac Stroke Work Output During A Short-Term Very Low Calorie Diet,
   Noradrenaline-Induced Thermogenesis and T3 Supplementation. International
   Journal of Obesity, 13 151
Deboer, R.W. and Nilsen, K.L. (1989), Work Per Stroke and Stroke Frequency
   Regulation in Olympic Speed Skating. International Journal of Sport Biomechanics,
   5 (2), 135-150
Chiang, M.T., Kimura, S. and Fujimoto, H. (1990), Effect of Dietary Eicosapentaenoic
   Acid on Plasma-Lipids and Platelet-Function in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rat. International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research, 60 (2),
   142-149
Rouard, A.H. and Billat, R.P. (1990), Influences of Sex and Level of Performance on
   Freestyle Stroke - An Electromyography and Kinematic Study. International Journal
   of Sports Medicine, 11 (2), 150-155
Rajala, S.A., Kanto, A.J., Haavisto, M.V., Kaarela, R.H., Koivunen, M.J. and
   Heikinheimo, R.J. (1990), Body-Weight and the 3-Year Prognosis in Very
   Old-People. International Journal of Obesity, 14 (12), 997-1003.
Abstract: We studied prospectively the three-year prognosis of persons aged 84-88
   years living in their own homes in the city of Tampere, Finland in 1981-84. Out of
   the target population 722 persons (64 per cent), 181 of them male (25 per cent),
   participated in the initial survey. A re-examination was carried out annually for the
   next three years. Increased mortality was observed for subjects with body mass index
   less- than-or-equal-to 22.0 kg/m2, statistically significantly in women but not in men.
   Mortality was not increased in those with body mass index greater-than-or-equal-to
   30.0 kg/m2 in either sex. Low body mass index was associated with mortality due to
   stroke. Low body mass index was related to permanent hospitalization and also to
   failure to cope with living at home. On average, body weight was somewhat reduced
   during the follow-up period. Both a loss and a gain in weight by two kilograms or
   more during the first follow-up year were associated with increased mortality but not
   with institutionalization during the next two years
Keywords:              BODY               MASS               INDEX/ELDERLY/FINNISH
   MEN/MORTALITY/OBESITY/RISK-FACTORS/SURVIVAL/WEIGHT CHANGE
Morris, P.L.P., Robinson, R.G. and Raphael, B. (1990), Prevalence and Course of
   Depressive-Disorders in Hospitalized Stroke Patients. International Journal of
   Psychiatry in Medicine, 20 (4), 349-364.
Abstract: In a sample of ninety-nine patients seen two months post- stroke, 18 percent
   were diagnosed as having minor depression and 14 percent major depression. At
   follow-up, fifteen months later, the prevalence of depressive disorder had declined
   substantially, to 12 percent overall. Major depression was characterized by an
   average duration of thirty-nine weeks, a mortality rate of 23 percent and was
   associated with positive family history of of affective or anxiety disorder. Among
   patients with left hemisphere lesions, major depression was associated with cognitive
   impairment. Minor depression had a shorter average duration (twelve weeks) and
   was more common in males. These two syndromes may define distinct types of post-
   stroke depression with implications for treatment interventions
Keywords:                 CEREBROVASCULAR                         DISEASE/DEPRESSIVE
   DISORDER/DIAGNOSTIC                     INTERVIEW                  SCHEDULE/MAJOR
   DEPRESSION/MOOD                                           DISORDERS/POSTSTROKE
   DEPRESSION/PREVALENCE/REHABILITATION/SYMPTOMS
Iwasaki, Y., Kinoshita, M., Ikeda, K., Takamiya, K. and Shiojima, T. (1990), A Case of
   Pure Motor Monoparesis Due to Pontine Infarction. International Journal of
   Neuroscience, 55 (2-4), 157-159
Keywords: COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY/LACUNAR STROKE/PURE MOTOR
   HEMIPLEGIA/PURE MOTOR MONOPARESIS
Lindvig, K., Moller, H., Mosbech, J. and Jensen, O.M. (1990), The Pattern of Cancer in
   A Large Cohort of Stroke Patients. International Journal of Epidemiology, 19 (3),
   498-504
Keywords: SEP
Menotti, A., Keys, A., Blackburn, H., Aravanis, C., Dontas, A., Fidanza, F., Giampaoli,
   S., Karvonen, M., Kromhout, D., Nedeljkovic, S., Nissinen, A., Pekkanen, J., Punsar,
   S., Seccareccia, F. and Toshima, H. (1990), 20-Year Stroke Mortality and Prediction
   in 12 Cohorts of the 7 Countries Study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 19
   (2), 309-315
Newman, S. (1984), The Social and Emotional Consequences of Head-Injury and
   Stroke. International Review of Applied Psychology-Revue Internationale de
   Psychologie Appliquee, 33 (4), 427-455
Nelson, T.R., Verba, J.W., Bhargava, V., Shabetai, R. and Slutsky, R. (1983),
   Automatic-Analysis of Left-Ventricular Ejection Fraction Using Stroke Volume
   Images. Investigative Radiology, 18 (2), 130-137
Bonte, F.J., Devous, M.D., Reisch, J.S., Ajmani, A.K., Weiner, M.F., Hom, J. and
   Tintner, R. (1989), The Effect of Acetazolamide on Regional Cerebral Blood-Flow
   in Patients with Alzheimers-Disease Or Stroke As Measured by Single-Photon
   Emission Computed-Tomography. Investigative Radiology, 24 (2), 99-103
Louis, T.M., Somes, G.W., Davis, D.G.S. and Kopelman, A.E. (1984), Indomethacin
   Delays Recovery from Stroke in Gerbils. Ircs Medical Science-Biochemistry, 12 (2),
   122-123
Crowe, M., Dunne, D. and Mcbride, A. (1990), Outcome of Stroke Related Admissions
   to A General-Hospital. Irish Medical Journal, 83 (2), 59-60
Keywords: ORGANIZATION
Sher, E. (1982), Investigating the Gas-Exchange Process of A 2-Stroke Cycle Engine
   with A Flow Visualization Rig. Israel Journal of Technology, 20 (3), 127-136
Colombo, A., Derenzi, E. and Gibertoni, M. (1982), Eyelid Movement-Disorders
   Following Unilateral Hemispheric Stroke. Italian Journal of Neurological Sciences,
   3 (1), 25-30
Quattrone, A., Colucci, M., Donati, M.B., Meduri, M., Mussoni, L., Roncaglioni, M.C.,
   Semeraro, N., Carlomagno, S. and Bonavita, V. (1983), Stroke in 2 Young Siblings
   with Congenital Dysfibrinogenemia. Italian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 4 (2),
   229-232
Ponari, O., Squeri, M., Mombelloni, A., Catamo, A., Tardio, S. and Moretti, G. (1984),
   Hematocrit and Stroke - A Case-Control Study. Italian Journal of Neurological
   Sciences, 5 (4), 409-411
Bartolini, A., Primavera, A. and Gasparetto, B. (1984), Evaluation of Asymmetries of
   Blood-Flow Rate and of Circulation Time by Intravenous Radionuclide
   Cerebral-Angiography in Patients with Ischemic Completed Stroke. Italian Journal
   of Neurological Sciences, 5 (4), 433-436
Antongiovanni, G.B., Giudici, V., Musicco, M., Sant, M., Candelise, L. and Radice, M.
   (1985), Distribution of Risk-Factors in Relation to the Presence of Cerebral
   Angiographic Lesions in Tia and Minor Stroke Patients. Italian Journal of
   Neurological Sciences, 6 (1), 79-84
Capocchi, G., Tassi, C., Ricci, S., Zampolini, M., Fausti, R. and Rossi, A. (1987),
   Creatine-Kinase Bb Activity in Serum of Patients with Acute Stroke - Correlation
   with the Severity of Brain-Damage. Italian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 8 (6),
   567-570
Rossi, G.F., Maira, G., Vignati, A. and Puca, A. (1987), Neurological Improvement in
   Chronic Ischemic Stroke Following Surgical Brain Revascularization. Italian
   Journal of Neurological Sciences, 8 (5), 465-475
Derasmo, E., Aliberti, G., Vecci, E., Celi, F.S. and Mazzuoli, G.F. (1988), Evaluation of
   Platelet Changes in Completed Ischemic Stroke. Italian Journal of Neurological
   Sciences, 9 (6), 573-576
Fieschi, C., Rasura, M., Lenzi, G.L., Allori, L., Fiorani, P., Maira, G., Faraglia, V.,
   Carolei, A., Giubilei, F. and Servi, M. (1988), One Year Follow-Up of Patients
   Clinically Preselected for Excessive Risk of Stroke. Italian Journal of Neurological
   Sciences, 9 (3), 231-236
Frisoni, G.B., Dimonda, V. and Bariselli, M. (1990), Stroke Due to Paradoxical
   Embolism. Italian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 11 (1), 61-64
Guidotti, M. and Zanasi, S. (1990), Cocaine Use and Cerebrovascular-Disease - 2 Cases
  of Ischemic Stroke in Young-Adults. Italian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 11 (2),
  153-155
Gomez, C.R., Saul, R.F., Selhorst, J.B., Hogan, P.A., Gomez, S.M., Cruzrodriquez, R.F.
  and Jumaoas, A.P. (1990), Meso-Diencephalic Infarction - A Not So Rare Form of
  Stroke. Italian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 11 (6), 551-557.
Abstract: 26 patients admitted with clinical pictures consistent with meso-dienephalic
  infarction were studied using computerized axial tomography, magnetic resonance
  imaging and angiography. All of the patients presented symptoms in two of three
  major categories which comprise the "top of the basilar" syndrome. Lesions in the
  territory of the basilar-communicating artery were demonstrated in 22 of them. The
  remaining patients died before adequate neuroimaging documentation was obtained.
  Overall prognosis appeared relatively good since 80% of the patients recovered
  completely or incompletely from the ictus. Meso-diencephalic infarction is a very
  important and not uncommon subtype of cerebrovascular disorder
Keywords:                      AMNESIC                         SYNDROME/BASILAR
  SYNDROME/CONFUSION/INFARCTION/LESIONS/NEUROIMAGING/THALA
  MUS/TOP/TOP OF THE BASILAR/VERTEBROBASILAR
Kostic, V.S., Duricic, B.M., Kovacevic, M. and Mrsulia, B.B. (1983),
  Prostaglandin-F2-Alpha in the Cerebrospinal-Fluid of Stroke Patients. Iugoslavica
  Physiologica et Pharmacologica Acta, 19 (2), 309-313
Panahov, F.S. and Baladjayev, M.S. (1981), Solution of the Problem of A Transversal
  Stroke Over the Adjoining Membrane in Case of Breaking. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk
  Azerbaidzhanskoi Ssr Seriya Fiziko- Tekhnicheskikh I Matematicheskikh Nauk, (1),
  64-66
Wallace, J.D. and Levy, L.L. (1981), Blood-Pressure After Stroke. Jama-Journal of the
  American Medical Association, 246 (19), 2177-2180
Wolf, P.A., Kannel, W.B., Sorlie, P. and Mcnamara, P. (1981), Asymptomatic Carotid
  Bruit and Risk of Stroke - the Framingham- Study. Jama-Journal of the American
  Medical Association, 245 (14), 1442-1445
Kannel, W.B., Wolf, P.A., Mcgee, D.L., Dawber, T.R., Mcnamara, P. and Castelli, W.P.
  (1981), Systolic Blood-Pressure, Arterial Rigidity, and Risk of Stroke - the
  Framingham-Study. Jama-Journal of the American Medical Association, 245 (12),
  1225-1229
[Anon]. (1982), 5-Year Findings of the Hypertension-Detection-And-Follow-Up-
  Program .3. Reduction in Stroke Incidence Among Persons with High
  Blood-Pressure. Jama-Journal of the American Medical Association, 247 (5),
  633-638
Rogers, R.L., Meyer, J.S., Shaw, T.G., Mortel, K.F., Hardenberg, J.P. and Zaid, R.R.
  (1983), Cigarette-Smoking Decreases Cerebral Blood-Flow Suggesting Increased
  Risk for Stroke. Jama-Journal of the American Medical Association, 250 (20),
  2796-2800
Kannel, W.B., Wolf, P.A. and Verter, J. (1983), Manifestations of Coronary-Disease
  Predisposing to Stroke - the Framingham-Study. Jama-Journal of the American
  Medical Association, 250 (21), 2942-2946
Check, W.A. (1984), Possible Platelet Syndrome Suggested in Early Stroke.
  Jama-Journal of the American Medical Association, 252 (5), 597-598
Wiebers, D.O. and Whisnant, J.P. (1985), The Incidence of Stroke Among
  Pregnant-Women in Rochester, Minn, 1955 Through 1979. Jama-Journal of the
  American Medical Association, 254 (21), 3055-3057
Donahue, R.P., Abbott, R.D., Reed, D.M. and Yano, K. (1986), Alcohol and
   Hemorrhagic Stroke - the Honolulu-Heart-Program. Jama-Journal of the American
   Medical Association, 255 (17), 2311-2314
Garraway, W.M. and Whisnant, J.P. (1987), The Changing Pattern of Hypertension and
   the Declining Incidence of Stroke. Jama-Journal of the American Medical
   Association, 258 (2), 214-217
Abbott, R.D., Donahue, R.P., Macmahon, S.W., Reed, D.M. and Yano, K. (1987),
   Diabetes and the Risk of Stroke - the Honolulu-Heart-Program. Jama-Journal of the
   American Medical Association, 257 (7), 949-952
Goldsmith, M.F. (1988), Neurologists Study Abnormal Csf, Stroke Associated with
   Aids. Jama-Journal of the American Medical Association, 259 (20), 2957
Wolf, P.A., Dagostino, R.B., Kannel, W.B., Bonita, R. and Belanger, A.J. (1988),
   Cigarette-Smoking As A Risk Factor for Stroke - the Framingham- Study.
   Jama-Journal of the American Medical Association, 259 (7), 1025-1029
Daley, J., Jencks, S., Draper, D., Lenhart, G., Thomas, N. and Walker, J. (1988),
   Predicting Hospital-Associated Mortality for Medicare Patients - A Method for
   Patients with Stroke, Pneumonia, Acute Myocardial-Infarction, and Congestive
   Heart-Failure. Jama-Journal of the American Medical Association, 260 (24),
   3617-3624
Merz, B. (1989), Large Trial Finds Ticlopidine Superior to Aspirin in Preventing Stroke.
   Jama-Journal of the American Medical Association, 261 (11), 1541
Alberts, M.J., Bertels, C. and Dawson, D.V. (1990), An Analysis of Time of
   Presentation After Stroke. Jama-Journal of the American Medical Association, 263
   (1), 65-68
Kittner, S.J., White, L.R., Losonczy, K.G., Wolf, P.A. and Hebel, J.R. (1990),
   Black-White Differences in Stroke Incidence in A National Sample - the
   Contribution of Hypertension and Diabetes-Mellitus. Jama-Journal of the American
   Medical Association, 264 (10), 1267-1270
Keywords: SEP/STATE
Amano, S., Matsumoto, M., Hazama, F., Yamada, E. and Ohkawa, K. (1981),
   Histochemical-Study on 5'Nucleotidase in the Cerebrovascular System in
   Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Japanese Circulation
   Journal-English Edition, 45 (11), 1264-1271
Omae, T. (1982), Stroke Prevention Program in Japan. Japanese Circulation
   Journal-English Edition, 46 (6), 630-633
Takagi, M. (1982), Serum Uric-Acid As A Risk Factor for Stroke in A Fishing Village
   of Rural Southern Japan. Japanese Circulation Journal-English Edition, 46 (2),
   131-136
Yamori, Y., Kihara, M., Fujikawa, J., Soh, Y., Nara, Y., Ohtaka, M., Horie, R.,
   Tsunematsu, T., Note, S. and Fukase, M. (1982), Dietary Risk-Factors of Stroke and
   Hypertension in Japan .2. Validity of Urinalysis for Dietary Salt and Protein Intakes
   Under A Field Condition. Japanese Circulation Journal-English Edition, 46 (9),
   939-943
Malik, A. (1982), Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment of Stroke and Prospects for Stroke
   Control in Bangladesh. Japanese Circulation Journal-English Edition, 46 (6),
   619-621
Isomura, K. (1982), Hypertension and Stroke Control in A Japanese Rural Area.
   Japanese Circulation Journal-English Edition, 46 (6), 637-638
Tseng, W.P. (1982), A Survey on Deaths of Patients with Stroke. Japanese Circulation
   Journal-English Edition, 46 (6), 638-640
Yamori, Y., Kihara, M., Fujikawa, J., Soh, Y., Nara, Y., Ohtaka, M., Horie, R.,
   Tsunematsu, T., Note, S. and Fukase, M. (1982), Dietary Risk-Factors of Stroke and
   Hypertension in Japan .3. Comparative-Study on Risk-Factors Between Farming and
   Fishing Villages in Japan. Japanese Circulation Journal-English Edition, 46 (9),
   944-947
Haas, L.F. and Bonita, R. (1982), Some Aspects of Stroke in New-Zealand. Japanese
   Circulation Journal-English Edition, 46 (6), 626-628
Endo, S. (1982), The World Strategy of Who in the Control of Stroke. Japanese
   Circulation Journal-English Edition, 46 (6), 634-635
Hatano, S. (1982), Current Status of the Stroke Problem in Japan. Japanese Circulation
   Journal-English Edition, 46 (6), 597-601
Viriyavejakul, A. (1982), Present Status of Stroke Problems in Thailand. Japanese
   Circulation Journal-English Edition, 46 (6), 614-618
Yamori, Y., Kihara, M., Fujikawa, J., Soh, Y., Nara, Y., Ohtaka, M., Horie, R.,
   Tsunematsu, T., Note, S. and Fukase, M. (1982), Dietary Risk-Factors of Stroke and
   Hypertension in Japan .1. Methodological Assessment of Urinalysis for Dietary Salt
   and Protein Intakes. Japanese Circulation Journal-English Edition, 46 (9), 933-938
Yamori, Y., Horie, R., Akiguchi, I., Kihara, M., Nara, Y. and Lovenberg, W. (1982),
   Symptomatological Classification in the Development of Stroke in Stroke-Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Japanese Circulation Journal-English Edition, 46
   (3), 274-283
Ooneda, G. (1986), Pathology of Stroke. Japanese Circulation Journal-English Edition,
   50 (12), 1224-1234
Matsuno, Y., Morioka, S., Murakami, Y., Kobayashi, S., Shimada, T. and Moriyama, K.
   (1990), Regulation of External Work of Concentric Hypertrophied Left- Ventricles in
   Unanesthetized Hypertensive Dogs. Japanese Circulation Journal-English Edition,
   54 (11), 1390-1397.
Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the change in external work and its control
   mechanism in the concentric hypertrophied heart induced by systemic hypertension.
   The calculated stroke work, myocardial contractility, afterload, and preload were
   examined in the baseline period (Control Stage, CS) and in the eighth week after the
   induction of perinephritic hypertension (Hypertensive Stage, HS) in unanesthetized
   dogs. These variables were examined with echocardiograms and high-fidelity left
   ventricular (LV) and ascending aortic pressures. Mean aortic pressure was
   significantly (p < 0.05) elevated from 95 +/- 10 to 134 +/- 27 mmHg in HS. The ratio
   of end-diastolic wall thickness to radius significantly (p < 0.05) increased in the HS.
   The calculated stroke work of the LV chamber was significantly (p < 0.05) increased
   from 7022 +/- 1203 to 8860 +/- 1548 x 10(3) erg in HS while the stroke work
   normalized for wall thickness by calculating the wall stress was not altered (3069 +/-
   1086 v.s. 2989 +/- 866 erg; CS v.s. HS) with no significant change in heart rate in
   HS. In the HS, the end- systolic wall stress (afterload) and the slope of end-systolic
   wall stress-dimension relationship (myocardial contractility) were unchanged while
   the end-diastolic wall stress (preload) slightly reduced. These results suggest that, in
   the concentric hypertrophied left ventricle induced by systemic hypertension, the LV
   myocardial external work is normal, whereas the LV chamber external work
   increases. Furthermore, the major role for allowing the LV myocardial external work
   to remain normal seems to be not the compensatory changes in preload, myocardial
   contractility, or heart rate, but rather myocardial hypertrophy; an adaptation to
   preserve normal ejecting wall stress to chronic pressure overload
Keywords: CANINE LEFT-VENTRICLE/CARDIAC FUNCTION/CARDIAC
   HYPERTROPHY/CARDIAC-HYPERTROPHY/CIRCULATION/EXTERNAL
   WORK/HEART-DISEASE/INDEX/JAPAN/PERFORMANCE/RATIO/RENAL-
   HYPERTENSION/SYSTEMIC                           HYPERTENSION/UNANESTHETIZED
   DOGS/WALL STRESS
Sawamura, I., Hazama, F. and Kinoshita, M. (1990), Histological and Histometrical
   Study of Myocardial Fibrosis in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats of the
   Stroke-Prone Strain. Japanese Circulation Journal-English Edition, 54 (10),
   1274-1282.
Abstract: In order to obtain fundamental information about the developmental
   mechanisms of myocardial fibrosis in chronic hypertension, the hearts of male
   spontaneously hypertensive rats of the stroke-prone strain (SHRSP) and Wistar rats
   of the Kyoto strain (WKY) were histologically and histometrically examined.
   Fibrosis was a prominent histological feature of the hearts in SHRSP. It consisted of
   focal, interstitial, and perivascular fibrosis. For histometrical analysis the percentage
   areas of interstitial and perivascular fibrosis were calculated by using a color image
   processor. The percentage area of myocardial fibrosis increased with advancing age
   in both SHRSP and WKY. However, it was significantly higher in SHRSP than in
   WKY at 18 and 30 weeks of age. In SHRSP perivascular fibrosis of small arteries
   had already appeared at 8 weeks of age, while perivascular fibrosis of arterioles and
   interstitial fibrosis developed later. It is supposed that perivascular as well as
   interstitial fibrosis is induced by the exudation of some growth factors due to an
   increased vascular permeability. On the other hand, the focal fibrosis observed in old
   SHRSP is suspected to occur as a result of injury in myocardium due to stenosis or
   occlusion of vessels
Keywords:                          CIRCULATION/COLOR                                IMAGE
   PROCESSOR/DISEASE/FIBROSIS/GROWTH-FACTOR/HEART/HYPERTENSI
   ON/HYPERTROPHIC
   CARDIOMYOPATHY/JAPAN/LESIONS/SHRSP/SPONTANEOUSLY
   HYPERTENSIVE RAT/WKY
Shibukawa, T., Horie, R., Kitao, M. and Yamori, Y. (1990), Stroke-Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats As A Model for Toxemia of Pregnancy and
   Aggravating and Preventive Effects of Maternal Modifications During Pregnancy on
   Offsprings Growth. Japanese Circulation Journal-English Edition, 54 (6), 644-652
Keywords: CIRCULATION/JAPAN
Ueda, H., Miyazaki, T., Suganuma, Y., Saito, N. and Kato, Y. (1981), Cardiac Death
   and Myocardial Lesions in Non-Stroke Shrsp Under Specific Pathogen-Free System.
   Japanese Heart Journal, 22 (3), 387-393
Aizawa, Y., Hosokawa, O., Hayashi, S. and Shibata, A. (1981), Stroke Volume
   Estimated at Aortic Root in M-Mode Echocardiography. Japanese Heart Journal, 22
   (2), 185-190
Maemura, S., Niwa, M. and Ozaki, M. (1982), Characteristic Alterations in Adrenal
   Catecholamine Contents in Shr, Shrsp, and Wky During Development of
   Hypertension and Stroke. Japanese Heart Journal, 23 (4), 593-602
Okamoto, K., Ito, H., Morita, N., Yamamoto, K. and Ohta, Y. (1983), Further
   Observations Upon Blood-Pressure, Incidence of Stroke Lesions and Other
   Characteristics of M-Shrsp and M-Shrsp Crossbred Offspring. Japanese Heart
   Journal, 24 (5), 782-784
Seitz, W.S. and Spiel, M.S. (1983), Echocardiographic Formula for Computation of
   Left-Ventricular Volume and Stroke Volume - Comparison with Cardiac-
   Catheterization and the Teichholz Formula. Japanese Heart Journal, 24 (6), 863-869
Ohtsu, E., Abe, K., Akimori, N., Itoh, H., Matsuzawa, T., Yashiro, K. and Sakanoue, M.
   (1983), Specific Elevation of Thromboxane Synthetase-Activity and Leukotriene-C
   Formation in Malignant Hypertension in the Hypothalamus of Stroke-Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (Shrsp). Japanese Heart Journal, 24 (5), 779-781
Wessale, J.L., Bourland, J.D., Babbs, C.F., Milewski, R.C., Rockenhauser, M.E. and
   Geddes, L.A. (1985), Correlation of the Cardiogenic Air-Flow in the Respiratory
   Airway (Ie the Pneumocardiogram) with Left-Ventricular Stroke Volume in Dogs.
   Japanese Heart Journal, 26 (5), 777-785
Nakada, T. (1981), Plasma-Renin Activity in Stroke-Prone and Resistant Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats - Relationship to Some Antihypertensive Drugs. Japanese Journal
   of Urology, 72 (2), 159-165
Okada, T. (1981), Depressive Effects of Active Shortening on Stroke Volume of
   Left-Ventricle and Shortening Amount of Isolated Ventricular Muscle. Japanese
   Journal of Physiology, 31 (2), 199-215
Nagaoka, A. and Kakihana, M. (1982), Effects of Renal Sympathectomy on Sodium and
   Water-Excretion in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Japanese
   Journal of Pharmacology, 32 (4), 591-597
Watanabe, T.X., Kawashima, K. and Sokabe, H. (1985), Chronic Effects of Enalapril on
   Blood-Pressure, Stroke, Plasma- Renin, Urinary Electrolytes and Pge2 Excretion in
   Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Japanese Journal of Pharmacology,
   38 (4), 419-427
Shimoji, A., Katsuragi, S., Miyakawa, T., Hira, R., Watanabe, K., Miyakawa, K.,
   Ishitsu, T. and Miike, T. (1987), Familial Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathy with
   Stroke-Like Episodes and Episodic Disturbances of Consciousness - A Study of
   Pedigree Including 3 Generations with Multisystemic Abnormalities. Japanese
   Journal of Psychiatry and Neurology, 41 (1), 47-55
Yoshida, F., Sadoshima, S., Fujii, K., Iino, K. and Fujishima, M. (1988), Regional
   Cerebral Blood-Flow in Chronic Stroke Patients with Dementia. Japanese Journal of
   Medicine, 27 (2), 172-176
Okamura, T., Motomura, N., Asaba, H., Sakai, T., Fukai, M., Mori, E. and Yamadori, A.
   (1989), Hypergraphia in Temporal-Lobe Epilepsy - Compared with Stroke of the
   Right Cerebral Hemisphere. Japanese Journal of Psychiatry and Neurology, 43 (3),
   524-525
Hashimoto, T., Kimori, M., Nakamura, Y. and Kuriyama, K. (1989), Effect of Nc-1100
   [1-(3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)-2-         (4-     Diphenylmethylpiperazinyl)       Ethanol
   Dihydrochloride] on Gamma- Aminobutyric Acid (Gaba) Metabolism in Rat-Brain -
   Analysis Using Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat. Japanese Journal of
   Pharmacology, 50 (2), 131-139
Morimoto, S., Ohyama, T., Hisaki, K. and Matsumura, Y. (1989), Effects of Cv-4093,
   A New Dihydropyridine Calcium-Channel Blocker, on Renal Hemodynamics and
   Function in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (Shrsp). Japanese
   Journal of Pharmacology, 51 (2), 257-265
Kitagawa, H., Sasaki, Y., Ishihara, K. and Hirano, Y. (1990), Contribution of Live
   Heartworms Harboring in Pulmonary-Arteries to Pulmonary-Hypertension in Dogs
   with Dirofilariasis. Japanese Journal of Veterinary Science, 52 (6), 1211-1217.
Abstract: To investigate whether adult heartworms harboring in the pulmonary arteries
   contribute to pulmonary hypertension, we determined the cardio-pulmonary values
   immediately before and after removal of heartworms from the pulmonary arteries
   and before and after insertion of live worms in their place. In 10 heartworm-infected
   dogs, 8 to 46 worms were removed. The mean pulmonary arterial pressure fell
   significantly from 24.5+/-7.9 mmHg to 16.3+/-4.9 mmHg (p < 0.01) immediately
   after removal. The right cardiac output decreased in 7 of the 10 cases. The total
   pulmonary resistance and right ventricular stroke work index also decreased. At 24
   hours after removal, live heartworms were put back into the pulmonary arteries of
   their host dog. The mean pulmonary arterial pressure elevated significantly (p < 0.01)
   immediately after insertion. The right cardiac output further decreased in 7 of the 10
   dogs, and the total pulmonary resistance and right ventricular stroke work index
   increased. Seperate from this, 12 to 42 heartworms were transplanted into the
   pulmonary arteries of 5 heartworm- free dogs. Immediately after transplantation, the
   pulmonary arterial pressure did not show any significant change. However, the stroke
   volume decreased, and the total pulmonary resistance increased. These facts suggest
   a contribution of live heartworms to the pulmonary hypertension, although there is a
   complicated interaction among the presence of heartworms, the pulmonary lesions
   and the pulmonary hypertension
Keywords:                   DIROFILARIASIS/FLEXIBLE                         ALLIGATOR
   FORCEPS/HEARTWORM/IMMITIS/JAPAN/PULMONARY
   HYPERTENSION/REMOVAL
Kitayama, I., Yamazaki, K., Shibahara, K. and Nomura, J. (1990), Pure Word Deafness
   with Possible Transfer of Language Dominance. Japanese Journal of Psychiatry and
   Neurology, 44 (3), 577-584.
Abstract: A 55-year-old, right-handed male patient with a past history of a stroke
   followed by a difficulty of speech and hearing fell and manifested a left hemiplegia.
   He could neither comprehend spoken language and melody nor repeat them, though
   he spoke with paraphasia and understood written language and nonverbal sound. An
   electroencephalogram, pneumoencephalogram and cerebral angiogram suggested the
   existence of old infarcts in the left temporal lobe and a probable new one in the right
   cerebrum. A diagnosis of this case was made as pure word deafness which might be
   caused by a reimpairment of the language function possibly transferred to to the
   nondominant, right hemisphere following the early stroke
Keywords:                                                                     CEREBRAL
   ANGIOGRAM/ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM/HEMIPLEGIA/JAPAN/PNEUMO
   ENCEPHALOGRAM/PURE WORD DEAFNESS/SEP/STROKE/TRANSFER OF
   LANGUAGE DOMINANCE
Chopard, J.L. and Cotte, L. (1989), Ischemic Stroke and Oral-Contraceptives - Possible
   Medico-Legal Implications. Journal de Medecine Legale Droit Medical, 32 (1),
   79-85
Bazard, M.C., Becker, A., Berrod, J.P. and Raspiller, A. (1990), The Chorioretinitis in
   Congenital Toxoplasmosis. Journal Francais D Ophtalmologie, 13 (8-9), 434-440.
Abstract: The goal of this study was to establish the incidence of chorioretinis in 100
   infants whose mothers presented a seroconversion during the pregnancy. It is a
   retrospective study over 6.5 years. There were 17 cases of latent congenital
   toxoplasmosis (56.7%) and 13 cases of clinical congenital toxoplasmosis (43.3%).
   Three infants presented with chorioretinis: one at birth in a context of general stroke,
   the two others at 2 and 17 months after birth, despite treatment. The risk of
   retinochorioditis was the same in the case of latent or clinical congenital
   toxoplasmosis. The fall in the antibody titre was not a good criterion of cure; the
   percentage of lymphocytes in the cerebrospinal fluid could constitue a better criterion.
   This study confirmed the efficacy of systemic treatment of congenital toxoplasmosis
Keywords: CHORIORETINITIS/INFANT/TOXOPLASMOSIS
Hamrin, E. (1982), Attitudes of Nursing Staff in General Medical Wards Towards
   Activation of Stroke Patients. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 7 (1), 33-42
Axelsson, K., Norberg, A. and Asplund, K. (1986), Relearning to Eat Late After A
   Stroke by Systematic Nursing Intervention - A Case-Report. Journal of Advanced
   Nursing, 11 (5), 553-559
Carr, E.K. and Hawthorn, P.J. (1988), Lip Function and Eating After A Stroke - A
   Nursing Perspective. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 13 (4), 447-451
Hamrin, E.K.F. and Lindmark, B. (1990), The Effect of Systematic Care Planning After
   Acute Stroke in General-Hospital Medical Wards. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 15
   (10), 1146-1153
Kaufman, S. (1988), Illness, Biography, and the Interpretation of Self Following A
   Stroke. Journal of Aging Studies, 2 (3), 217-227
Bleed, P. and Bleed, A. (1987), Energetic Efficiency and Hand Tool Design - A
   Performance Comparison of Push and Pull Stroke Saws. Journal of Anthropological
   Archaeology, 6 (2), 189-197
Koop, S. and Martin, G.L. (1983), Evaluation of A Coaching Strategy to Reduce
   Swimming Stroke Errors with Beginning Age-Group Swimmers. Journal of
   Applied Behavior Analysis, 16 (4), 447-460
Loeppky, J.A., Greene, E.R., Hoekenga, D.E., Caprihan, A. and Luft, U.C. (1981),
   Beat-By-Beat Stroke Volume Assessment by Pulsed Doppler in Upright and Supine
   Exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 50 (6), 1173-1182
Quail, A.W., Traugott, F.M., Porges, W.L. and White, S.W. (1981), Thoracic
   Resistivity for Stroke Volume Calculation in Impedance Cardiography. Journal of
   Applied Physiology, 50 (1), 191-195
Heckman, J.L., Stewart, G.H., Tremblay, G. and Lynch, P.R. (1982), Relationship
   Between Stroke Volume and Pneumocardiogram. Journal of Applied Physiology, 52
   (6), 1672-1677
Horsfield, K., Gabe, I., Mills, C., Buckman, M. and Cumming, G. (1982), Effect of
   Heart-Rate and Stroke Volume on Gas Mixing in Dog Lung. Journal of Applied
   Physiology, 53 (6), 1603-1607
Grubb, B.R. (1982), Cardiac-Output and Stroke Volume in Exercising Ducks and
   Pigeons. Journal of Applied Physiology, 53 (1), 207-211
Fortney, S.M., Wenger, C.B., Bove, J.R. and Nadel, E.R. (1983), Effect of
   Blood-Volume on Forearm Venous and Cardiac Stroke Volume During Exercise.
   Journal of Applied Physiology, 55 (3), 884-890
Tolle, F.A., Judy, W.V., Yu, P.L. and Markand, O.N. (1983), Reduced Stroke Volume
   Related to Pleural Pressure in Obstructive Sleep-Apnea. Journal of Applied
   Physiology, 55 (6), 1718-1724
Overton, J.M., Tipton, C.M., Matthes, R.D. and Leininger, J.R. (1986), Voluntary
   Exercise and Its Effects on Young Shr and Stroke- Prone Hypertensive Rats. Journal
   of Applied Physiology, 61 (1), 318-324
Hopper, M.K., Coggan, A.R. and Coyle, E.F. (1988), Exercise Stroke Volume Relative
   to Plasma-Volume Expansion. Journal of Applied Physiology, 64 (1), 404-408
Ray, C.A., Cureton, K.J. and Ouzts, H.G. (1990), Postural Specificity of Cardiovascular
   Adaptations to Exercise Training. Journal of Applied Physiology, 69 (6), 2202-2208.
Abstract: The purposes of this study were to determine 1) whether posture affects the
   magnitude of cardiovascular adaptations to training and 2) whether cardiovascular
   adaptations resulting from exercise training in the supine posture transfer (generalize)
   to exercise in the upright posture and vice versa. Sixteen sedentary men, aged 18-33
   yr, were trained using high-intensity interval and prolonged continuous cycling in the
   supine (STG; supine training group) or upright (UTG; upright training group) posture
   4 days/wk, 40 min/day, for 8 wk, while seven male subjects served as nontraining
   controls. After training, maximal O2 uptake measured during supine and upright
   cycling, respectively, increased significantly (P < 0.05) by 22.9 and 16.1% in the
   STG and by 6.0 and 14.6% in the UTG. No significant cardiovascular adaptations
   were observed at rest. During submaximal supine cycling at 100 W, significant
   increases in end-diastolic volume (21%) and stroke volume (22%) (radionuclide
   ventriculography and CO2 rebreathing) and decreases in heart rate, blood pressure,
   and systemic vascular resistance occurred in the STG, whereas only a significant
   decrease in blood pressure occurred in the UTG. During upright cycling at 100 W, a
   significant decrease in blood pressure occurred in the STG, whereas significant
   increases in end- diastolic volume (17%) and stroke volume (18%) and decreases in
   blood pressure and systemic vascular resistance occurred in the UTG. Volume of
   myocardial contractility, ejection fraction, and systolic blood pressure-to-end-systolic
   volume ratio did not change significantly after training when measured during supine
   and upright cycling in either training group. Blood volume increased significantly in
   the UTG but remained unchanged in the STG. No significant metabolic or
   cardiovascular changes occurred in the control group. It was concluded that the
   magnitude of cardiovascular adaptations to training in the supine and upright posture
   is not different. However, changes are, for the most part, specific to the training
   posture
Keywords:        BLOOD         PRESSURE/BLOOD-VOLUME/CO2/END-DIASTOLIC
   VOLUME/END-SYSTOLIC                                                 VOLUME/HEART
   RATE/MEN/PHYSIOLOGICAL/RADIONUCLIDE
   VENTRICULOGRAPHY/RESPONSES/STROKE VOLUME/SUPINE/SYSTEMIC
   VASCULAR RESISTANCE/TRAINING SPECIFICITY/UPRIGHT
Stein, K.L., Kramer, D.J., Killian, A. and Pinsky, M.R. (1990), Hemodynamic-Effects
   of Synchronous High-Frequency Jet Ventilation in Mitral Regurgitation. Journal of
   Applied Physiology, 69 (6), 2120-2125.
Abstract: We tested the hypothesis that increases in intrathoracic pressure (ITP), by
   decreasing the pressure gradient for anterograde left ventricular (LV) ejection, should
   augment cardiac output in acute mitral regurgitation (MR). In a
   pentobarbital-anesthetized closed-chest canine model, LV stroke volume (SL(LV))
   was measured by integration from an aortic flow probe signal. MR was induced by a
   regurgitant ring. ITP was elevated over apnea by means of intermittent
   positive-pressure ventilation (IPPV), asynchronous (asynch) high-frequency jet
   ventilation (HFJV), and cardiac cycle-specific (synch) HFJV. IPPV resulted in the
   greatest increase in ITP. MR caused a fall in SV(LV) and a rise in LV filling pressure
   that were not altered by IPPV. Compared with IPPV or apnea, both asynch and synch
   HFJV increased SV(LV) and reduced LV filling pressures (P < 0.05). Systolic synch
   HFJV induced a greater increase in SV(LV) (32%) than diastolic synch HFJV (26%)
   despite similar ventilatory settings. Our data suggest that when LV contractility is
   normal but MR impairs forward flow, cardiac cycle-specific increases in ITP will
   augment forward flow
Keywords:                AUGMENTATION/CARDIAC                          CYCLE-SPECIFIC
   EFFECTS/CARE/CIRCULATORY                            ASSISTANCE/CYCLE-SPECIFIC
   INCREASES/INTRATHORACIC                    PRESSURE/LEFT              VENTRICULAR
   EJECTION/MR/PHYSIOLOGICAL/POSITIVE                                           PLEURAL
   PRESSURE/THERAPY
Tipton, C.M., Mcmahon, S., Leininger, J.R., Pauli, E.L. and Lauber, C. (1990), Exercise
   Training and Incidence of Cerebrovascular Lesions in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
  Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Applied Physiology, 68 (3), 1080-1085
Keywords: EXERCISE/PHYSIOLOGICAL
Thompson, S.C., Bundek, N.I. and Sobolewshubin, A. (1990), The Caregivers of Stroke
  Patients - An Investigation of Factors Associated with Depression. Journal of
  Applied Social Psychology, 20 (2), 115-129
Vanveldhuisen, D.J., Girbes, A.R.J., Crijns, H.J., Smit, A.J., Degraeff, P.A. and Lie, K.I.
  (1990), Efficacy and Safety of Ibopamine in Congestive-Heart-Failure. Journal of
  Autonomic Pharmacology, 10 S115-S121.
Abstract: 1 Ibopamine is a new orally active inodilator, which is developed for the
  treatment of congestive heart failure (CHF). We treated 13 patients with moderate to
  severe CHF already on maximal conventional medication with ibopamine and
  studied its effects on haemodynamic parameters, exercise capacity, plasma
  norepinephrine (NE) and ventricular arrhythmias on ambulatory EGG monitoring. 2
  Both cardiac and stroke volume index increased significantly after ibopamine (33%
  and 35% resp.). These changes were accompanied by a fall in systemic vascular
  resistance without changes in heart rate or blood pressure. During cardiopulmonary
  exercise testing, both maximal oxygen consumption and exercise time increased.
  Plasma NE levels were not significantly changed after ibopamine. Using the
  Morganroth criteria for proarrhythmia on ambulatory EGG monitoring, two patients
  showed proarrhythmia from ibopamine, which was not clinically relevant, but four
  patients had a decrease in ventricular arrhythmias. 3 This study suggests that
  ibopamine elicits favourable effects on haemodynamics and exercise tolerance in
  patients with CHF. During ibopamine treatment, there appears to be no increase in
  ventricular arrhythmias
Keywords:       CHRONIC         CARDIAC-FAILURE/DOPAMINE/EXERCISE/ORAL
  IBOPAMINE/STATE/THERAPY
Akpogomeh, B.A. and Johns, E.J. (1990), The Alpha-Adrenoceptor Mediating the
  Tubular Actions of the Renal Nerves in Spontaneously Hypertensive and
  Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Autonomic
  Pharmacology, 10 (4), 201-212
Gangloff, J., Pouyet, J., Kern, D. and Dirheimer, G. (1984), A Quenched-Flow
  Apparatus Which Allows the Measurement of the Kinetics of A Reaction in One
  Stroke. Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods, 9 (3), 201-213
Martin, R.B., Yeater, R.A. and White, M.K. (1981), A Simple Analytical Model for the
  Crawl Stroke. Journal of Biomechanics, 14 (8), 539-548
Senator, M. (1981), Why Sliding Seats and Short Stroke Intervals Are Used for Racing
  Shells. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering-Transactions of the Asme, 103 (3),
  151-159
Kono, S., Ikeda, M., Tokudome, S., Nishizumi, M. and Kuratsune, M. (1985), Smoking
  and Mortalities from Cancer, Coronary Heart-Disease and Stroke in Male Japanese
  Physicians. Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology, 110 (2), 161-164
Bernstein, E.F. and Bardin, J.A. (1981), Preventing Stroke from Carotid-Artery Disease.
  Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine, 6 (11), 1085-&
Alderman, M.H., Madhavan, S., Stanback, M.E. and Davis, T.K. (1982), Relation of
  Blood-Pressure Response to Therapy and the Occurrence of Myocardial-Infarction
  and Stroke. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 4 S251-S256
Samuels, M.A. (1982), When Heart-Disease Causes Stroke.                       Journal of
  Cardiovascular Medicine, 7 (4), 419-&
Scott, S.M., Sethi, G.K. and Bridgman, A.H. (1982), Perioperative Stroke During
  Carotid Endarterectomy - the Value of Intra-Operative Angiography. Journal of
   Cardiovascular Surgery, 23 (5), 353-358
Howe, P.R.C., Rogers, P.F., Morris, M.J., Chalmers, J.P. and Smith, R.M. (1986),
   Plasma-Catecholamines and Neuropeptide-y As Indexes of Sympathetic-Nerve
   Activity in Normotensive and Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats.
   Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 8 (6), 1113-1121
Fieschi, C., Argentino, C., Toni, D. and Pozzilli, C. (1988), Calcium-Antagonists in
   Ischemic Stroke. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 12 S83-S85
Badwey, T.M., Rice, J.C. and Kerstein, M.D. (1988), Amputation As A Consequence of
   Stroke. Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery , 29 (5), 563-566
Grenadier, E., Azhari, H., Beyar, R., Dinnar, U., Markiewicz, W. and Sideman, S.
   (1989), Echocardiographic Determination of Left-Ventricular Stroke Volume Index -
   Comparison to 3-Dimensional Computer Reconstruction.                       Journal of
   Cardiovascular Technology, 8 (1), 5-14
Adams, R.J., Nichols, F.T., Mckie, V.C., Mckie, K.M., Stephens, S., Carl, E. and
   Thompson, W.O. (1989), Transcranial Doppler - Influence of Hematocrit in Children
   with Sickle-Cell Anemia Without Stroke. Journal of Cardiovascular Technology, 8
   (2), 97-101
Waldemar, G., Vorstrup, S., Andersen, A.R., Pedersen, H. and Paulson, O.B. (1989),
   Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme-Inhibition and Regional Cerebral Blood-Flow in
   Acute Stroke. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 14 (5), 722-729
Strauer, B.E. (1990), Beta-Blocking-Agents in Heart-Failure - Modern Concepts and
   Overview. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 16 S129-S132.
Abstract: Heart failure is characterized by the inability of the myocardium to shorten
   sufficiently or to eject an adequate stroke volume to maintain normal perfusion of
   both the cardiac and the extracardiac organs. Irrespective of etiologic reasons, the
   depression of myocardial contractility represents one of the major mechanisms that
   contributes to low output in heart failure. Despite their intrinsic negative inotropic
   effects, beta-receptor-blocking agents have been used in numerous studies for
   treating the failing heart, especially in dilated cardiomyopathy and ischemic heart
   disease. In this regard, specific therapeutic aims of the use of beta-receptor- blocking
   agents in chronic heart failure have been described, e.g., reduction of an increased
   heart rate in tachycardia, blood pressure reduction in hypertensive heart failure,
   improvement of supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias, depression of an
   increased sympathetic tone (e.g., in hyperthyrioidism, pheochromocytoma), increase
   in the amount of downregulated beta-receptors, and anti-ischemic effects in coronary
   artery disease. For chronic heart failure, therefore, some special indications may be
   established and may be individually used; for acute heart failure, only very rare
   indications are present (e.g., hypertensive crisis, life- threatening cardiac
   arrhythmias). The actual rationale for the use of beta-receptor blocking agents in
   heart failure is therefore analyzed with regard to pathophysiology, clinical effects,
   and clinical outcome of treated patients
Keywords:             ABNORMALITIES/BETA-BLOCKADE/BLOCKADE/CARDIAC
   FAILURE/CARDIOMYOPATHY/EAST/PLASMA
   NOREPINEPHRINE/TREATMENT
Tanaka, S., Hayase, A., Hashimoto, A., Takagi, Y., Kondo, S., Hayashi, K., Yamamoto,
   M. and Iimura, O. (1990), Hypertension and Cardiovascular-Diseases in An
   Epidemiologic- Study in Hokkaido, Japan. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology,
   16 S83-S86.
Abstract: The present study describes the results from the 10-year follow-up data of a
   prospective epidemiological study for hypertension and cardiovascular diseases in
  two communities of rural agricultural districts in Hokkaido, Japan. The number of
  incidences of cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs) in persons who were normotensive,
  borderline hypertensive (BHT), untreated hypertensive (HT), well-controlled HT
  [blood pressure (BP) < 150/90 mm Hg], and poorly controlled HT (BP
  greater-than-or- equal-to 150/90 mm Hg) were 0.46, 3.24, 4.17, 3.49, and 12.76 per
  1,000 person-years, respectively: CVAs were markedly high in poorly controlled HT
  persons. The winter-summer mean BP differences in the first year were significantly
  and positively correlated with the differences in mean BP between the tenth and the
  first year, and were significantly higher in the progression to hypertension group than
  in the nonprogression group in both towns. Multivariate analysis indicated that the
  winter-summer mean BP difference was a significant variable for indication of
  progression to hypertension. From these results, we concluded that (a) good control
  of hypertension could considerably prevent CVA, (b) cold environment may
  contribute to the prgression to hypertension, and (c) winter-summer variation in BP
  may preduct the future course of BP
Keywords: BLOOD-PRESSURE/CARDIAC ACCIDENTS/CEREBROVASCULAR
  ATTACK/EAST/FRAMINGHAM/HYPERTENSION/PREDICTOR                                       OF
  HYPERTENSION/PROSPECTIVE                    EPIDEMIOLOGIC            STUDY/STROKE
  MORTALITY/WINTER-SUMMER BLOOD PRESSURE VARIATION
Omae, T. (1990), Changing Pattern of Cardiovascular-Disease in the Japanese
  Population in Relation to Hypertension Control Programs. Journal of Cardiovascular
  Pharmacology, 16 S81-S82.
Abstract: The changing pattern of cardiovascular disease during the last 30 years in
  Japan is described. The most striking change was a reduction in deaths caused by
  hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage. There was no increase in ischemic heart disease
  in the rural area studied but such a trend was shown in the urban area. A change in
  risk factors for cardiovascular disease, reduction in blood pressure, and increase in
  serum cholesterol were more marked in the rural than the urban area. Institution of a
  hypertension control program and marked changes in lifestyle, including diet, could
  explain the relatively rapid change in the frequency and the type of cardiovascular
  disease, particularly cerebral stroke. The prevention of atherosclerotic complications
  such as cerebral infarction and ischemic heart disease is becoming a more important
  task in preventive cardiology
Keywords:
  COMMUNITY/HEART-DISEASE/HISAYAMA/HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA/I
  SCHEMIC            HEART          DISEASE/LONG-TERM                PROGNOSIS/MILD
  HYPERTENSION/STROKE
Bolli, P., Buhler, F.R. and Mckenzie, J.K. (1990), Smoking, Antihypertensive
  Treatment Benefit, and Comprehensive Antihypertensive Treatment Approach -
  Some Thoughts on the Results of the International Prospective Primary Prevention
  Study in Hypertension. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 16 S77-S80.
Abstract: Several major studies investigated the possibility of a primary preventive
  effect of beta-blockers. The International Prospective Primary Prevention Study in
  Hypertension (IPPPSH) compared a beta-blocker-containing vs. a non-beta-blocker-
  containing antihypertensive regimen in 6,357 moderate-severe hypertensive men and
  women treated over 3-5 years. Blood pressure (BP) control was comparable with
  either regimen. beta-Blocker treatment was associated with less hypokalemia, earlier
  electrocardiogram normalization, and fewer withdrawals for uncontrolled
  hypertension. In agreement with the Medical Research Council (MRC) trial on mild
  hypertension and the Heart Attack Primary Prevention in Hypertension (HAPPHY)
   trial, but at variance with the Primary Prevention Metoprolol in Patients with
   Hypertension (MAPHY) study, cardiac event rates were similar in beta-blocker-and
   non-beta-blocker-treated patients. With either regimen, in-study BP reduction was
   associated with a lower rate of stroke as well as of cardiac events. In a subgroup
   analysis, nonsmokers appeared to derive beta-blocker benefit, the results being
   similar to those of the MRC. Smokers required higher doses of drugs to achieve
   diastolic target pressure, had a higher heart rate and hematocrit, and a higher cardiac
   event rate than nonsmokers at any given level of diastolic pressure. Except for the
   MAPHY trial, these primary prevention studies do not support the concept of a
   cardiac primary preventive effect of antihypertensive beta-blockade but stress the
   importance of good BP control and a comprehensive risk factor prevention approach
   in the management of hypertensive patients
Keywords:
   ANTIHYPERTENSIVES/BETA-BLOCKERS/BLOOD-PRESSURE/CORONARY
   HEART-DISEASE/HAPPHY/HYPERTENSION/IPPPSH/MAPHY/MORBIDITY/
   MORTALITY/PRIMARY PREVENTION/SMOKING/THERAPY/TRIAL
Miall, W.E. (1990), Beta-Blockers Vs Thiazides in the Treatment of Hypertension - A
   Review of the Experience of the Large National Trials. Journal of Cardiovascular
   Pharmacology, 16 S58-S63.
Abstract: The effects of antihypertensive treatment on cerebrovascular disease and
   coronary artery disease (CAD) end points reported in the large-scale national trials
   have differed. All trials have shown stroke benefit, whereas CAD benefit has not
   been convincingly demonstrated in any. In three trials, the effects of thiazide- and
   beta-blocker-based regimens can be directly compared. In the MRC Treatment Trial
   for Mild Hypertension in Britain, the largest of the trials and the only one to compare
   these two classes of drugs with each other and with untreated controls, stroke benefit
   was significantly greater in the thiazide than in the beta-blocker group (p = 0.002).
   Indeed, the 70% reduction in fatal strokes and 65% reduction in nonfatal strokes
   suggested an effect on cerebral infarction as well as on cerebral hemorrhage.
   Opposing trends were found for CAD end points with beta-blockers and thiazides
   when compared with controls. For coronary events, sudden deaths, and ECG changes
   of infarction, significant differences were found between the reduced rates for those
   receiving propranolol and the higher rates for those receiving bendrofluazide. Weak
   evidence has been put forward by four trials-MRFIT, HDFP, the Oslo trial, and the
   MRC trial-suggesting that thiazide treatment for those who already have evidence of
   coronary disease may be harmful. In no case is the evidence conclusive, and it
   involves only a small (but important) subgroup. In the MRC trial, a nonselective
   beta-blocker, propranolol, provided greater CAD benefit as measured by the
   incidence of myocardial infarction, sudden death, and ECG changes, but only in
   nonsmokers. Hypotheses generated by these trials need further investigation
Keywords:                                        BETA-BLOCKERS/DIURETICS/MILD
   HYPERTENSION/OSLO/RANDOMIZED/CONTROLLED                              HYPERTENSION
   TRIALS/THIAZIDES/TRIAL
Strandgaard, S. and Paulson, O.B. (1990), Pathophysiology of Stroke. Journal of
   Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 15 S38-S42
Keywords: EAST
Kannel, W.B. (1990), Influence of Multiple Risk-Factors on the Hazard of Hypertension.
   Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 16 S53-S57.
Abstract: Atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease (CAD) are now the commonest
   sequelae of hypertension and all clinical manifestations of CAD occur in excess in
  persons with elevated blood pressure. Risk increases in relation to the extent of blood
  pressure elevation whether this is in the systolic or diastolic component, at any age
  and in either sex. Even isolated systolic hypertension increases cardiovascular risk.
  Elevated pressures are often accompanied by lipid abnormalities, hyperglycemia,
  elevated fibrinogen, obesity, and ECG abnormalities, all of which augment the risk.
  These risk factors associated with hypertension influence the coronary risk potential
  more than the nature of the blood pressure elevation. Although blood pressure makes
  an independent contribution to CAD, the risk at any level of pressure is markedly
  influenced by the cardiovascular risk profile. In mild to moderate hypertension in
  particular, the risk of CHD is concentrated in those who have impaired glucose
  tolerance, increased total/HDL ratio, ECG abnormalities, and smoke cigarettes. One
  or more of these associated risk factors also predisposes to other cardiovascular
  sequelae of hypertension, including stroke, peripheral vascular disease, and cardiac
  failure. The presence of organ involvement indicated by proteinuria, evidence of
  impaired ventricular function, or left ventricular hypertrophy greatly escalates the
  risk and usually indicates a compromised coronary circulation. Most myocardial
  infarctions and sudden deaths occur prior to the appearance of such evidence.
  Hypertensive risk assessment requires consideration of the multivariate risk profile
  because of the interdependence of the risk factors. The nature and urgency of
  treatment is better determined from such a risk profile than from the blood pressure
  parameters alone. Optimal preventive management of hypertension requires more
  than normalization of the blood pressure if coronary sequelae are to be avoided
Keywords:                          CARDIOVASCULAR                                   RISK
  FACTORS/CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE/FRAMINGHAM/HYPERTENSION
Sauter, A. and Rudin, M. (1990), Calcium-Antagonists for Reduction of Brain-Damage
  in Stroke. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 15 S43-S47
Keywords: EAST
Delpozo, G., Davalos, P. and Yamori, Y. (1990), Cardiovascular Risk-Factors in 2
  Ecuadorian Urban and Rural Populations. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology,
  16 S24-S25.
Abstract: We examined the specific hypotheses linking the intake of sodium, potassium,
  calcium, magnesium, and protein of blood pressure (BP) and the relationship
  between dietary factors and mortality from the major cardiovascular diseases (CVD)
  in the Ecuadorian populations. Two ecuadorian populations, the urban and the rural,
  were selected from Quito and Vilcabamba, respectively. From Quito: 87 men and 83
  women; from Vilcabama: 71 men and 91 women aged 50-54 were randomly selected
  for BP measurement, 24-h urine collection, and blood sampling according to the
  Cardiovascular Disease and Alimentary Comparison (CARDIAC) Study protocol.
  Samples were analyzed at CARDIAC center in Izumo, Japan. Mean systolic blood
  pressure (SBP) was not much different in the two populations, but mean diastolic
  blood pressure (DBP) and body mass index (BMI) were significantly lower in
  Vilcabamba (p < 0.001). Mortality from stroke was higher in Vilcambamba, whereas
  coronary death rate was higher in Quito. Both sodium intake and sodium/potassium
  ratio were higher in Vilcabamba (p < 0.001). Protein intake and serum cholesterol
  were higher in Quito (p < 0.001). Urinary taurine excretion was higher in Quito.
  There was no difference in W3/W6 fatty acids ratio between the two populations.
  Multiple regression analyses of intracommunity correlation indicated that both SBP
  and DBP were highly significantly related with BMI in Quito and that urinary
  excretions were inversely related to SBP. Serum cholesterol was positively related to
  coronary death rate. Mortality from stroke was inversely related to both serum
   cholesterol and protein and was positively related to salt consumption
Keywords: BLOOD PRESSURE/CARDIAC/CARDIAC STUDY/ISCHEMIC HEART
   DISEASES/SERUM                CHOLESTEROL/STROKE/URINARY                      SODIUM
   EXCRETION/URINARY TAURINE EXCRETION
Millar, J.A. and Lever, A.F. (1990), Blood-Pressure, Change in Blood-Pressure, and
   Cardiovascular Event Rates in Placebo-Treated Patients in the Medical-Research
   Council Trial. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 16 S89-S91.
Abstract: The relationship between cardiovascular event rate (stroke + coronary events),
   entry blood pressure (BP), change in BP over 6 months, and other variables was
   examined in the 8,654 placebo-treated patients in the Medical Research Council
   (MRC) trial. Entry BP was greater than screening pressures and fell significantly
   after randomization to placebo. The entry pressure was significantly greater but the
   fall after entry was less in those who had a cardiovascular event during 5.5 years of
   follow-up. Thus, patients with high entry pressure that remained elevated during
   follow-up had the highest event rates. This pattern was marked for stroke but was
   also found for coronary events. Other variables strongly related to event occurrence
   were sex, age, and smoking habit. Discriminant analysis based on these variables
   correctly identified 67% of those who had an event but incorrectly classified 40% of
   the much larger group who did not. These results suggest that failure of BP to fall
   after screening examinations is a cardiovascular risk factor. Thus, high-risk patients
   may be identified by repeated measurements of BP before treatment is started
Keywords: CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS/HYPERTENSION/MRC TRIAL
Doyle, A.E. and Donnan, G.A. (1990), Stroke As A Clinical Problem in Hypertension.
   Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 15 S34-S37
Steiner, T.J. (1990), Naftidrofuryl After Acute Stroke - A Review and A Hypothesis.
   Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 16 S58-S61.
Abstract: With demographic change. Western populations are becoming older. The
   prolonged decline in incidence of stroke, already a very costly illness, may soon
   reverse. This paper briefly reviews medical treatments of acute stroke that have been
   popular in the past and finds that they have been generally of little value. The place
   of naftidrofuryl, a drug with a complex pharmacological profile that includes
   selective S2- receptor blockade, is discussed in greater detail. Two clinical studies
   have indicated that, although it may not alter death rate in acute stroke, naftidrofuryl
   therapy enhances recovery from the disabling effects of cerebral infarction. One
   important consequence of this is a potentially major reduction in time spent in
   hospital by stroke patients. Hospital bed occupancy has been identified as a principal
   component in the cost of stroke to health services. Drug treatments that reduce death
   rate without improving recovery in survivors have an opposite effect, as has been
   seen in an important trial of glycerol
Keywords:                         CEREBRAL                          INFARCTION/COST
   BENEFIT/DEXAMETHASONE/DISABILITY/EAST/GLYCEROL/HEMORRHA
   GE/HEPARIN/HOSPITAL BED OCCUPANCY/RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED
   TRIAL/RECOVERY/SEROTONIN/THERAPY/TREATMENT
Mundo, M.R. and Lozano, R. (1990), The Influence of Nicardipine in Patients with
   High-Risk of Stroke. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 16 S16-S19.
Abstract: Blood pressure and clinical status of 1,736 patients with cerebrovascular
   disease were observed during 12 months of treatment with nicardipine. The most
   common diagnoses were chronic cerebral ischemia (53.2%), transient ischemic
   attacks (TIA; 25.1%), and cerebral infarct (8.7%); 50.1% of patients were classed as
   hypertensive [systolic blood pressure (SBP) greater-than-or-equal-to 160 mm Hg or
  diastolic blood pressure (DBP) greater-than-or-equal-to 90 mm Hg[. Most patients
  (91.2%) received a daily dose of 60 mg nicardipine. Additional treatments included
  diuretics (37%), beta-blockers (11.5%), other antihypertensive drugs (15.8%),
  platelet antiaggregants (25.1%), and cardiotonic drugs (15.1%). A total of 282
  patients (16.2%) were lost to follow-up, 21 (1.2%) patients withdrew due to side
  effects, 32 (1.8%) died, and 9 (0.5%) patients had treatment interrupted due to
  concomitant illness. In the hypertensive subgroup, blood pressure (SBP/DBP) was
  reduced from a mean baseline value of 175 +/- 22/97 +/- 14 mm Hg to 152 +/- 17/85
  +/- 11 mm Hg at 3 months and 149 +/- 23/81 +/- 11 mm Hg after 12 months of
  treatment. The incidence of TIA or stroke among these patients was reduced from 29
  cases (3.5%) during the first 3 months to 11 cases (1.54%) during months 4-12 (p <
  0.01). In normotensive patients there were 18 (2.15%) cases during months 1-3 and
  13 (1.55%) cases during months 4-12 (difference not significant). In the 280 patients
  treated with nicardipine alone, the most frequent side effects during the first month
  were facial flushing (6.8%), gastrointestinal problems (5%), dizziness (3.2%),
  headache (3.2%), drowsiness (3.2%), and hypotension (1.1%). Most of these side
  effects were transient. These results demonstrate that nicardipine lowered blood
  pressure over the 12 months of observation. This may have contributed to the
  reduction in the incidence of TIA or stroke among hypertensive patients during
  months 4-12
Keywords:
  ANTAGONIST/HYPERTENSION/ISCHEMIA/RATS/TIA/VASODILATOR
Simpson, F.O. (1990), Fallacies in the Interpretation of the Large-Scale Trials of
  Treatment of Mild to Moderate Hypertension. Journal of Cardiovascular
  Pharmacology, 16 S92-S95.
Abstract: Data from large-scale trials of treatment of mild to moderate hypertension are
  being misinterpreted and unjustifiably extrapolated to general populations. The main
  errors include acceptance of "entry" pressures as typical in spite of evidence that true
  blood pressure was much lower, extrapolation of results in low-risk volunteers to the
  whole population, neglect of treatment given to the most endangered control subjects,
  and the assumption that the burden of side effects seen in a rigid high-dose trial is
  typical of that seen when the same or better drugs are used in clinical practice. The
  health risks of hypertension and the benefits conferred by antihypertensive therapy
  are being played down unjustifiably on the basis of inappropriate data
Keywords:                                                          ANTIHYPERTENSIVE
  TREATMENT/BLOOD-PRESSURE/CARDIOVASCULAR-                               DISEASE/COST
  BENEFIT/DECLINE/DRUG-TREATMENT/EAST/EXPLAIN/HYPERTENSION/
  NEW-ZEALAND/PREVENTION/STROKE                           MORTALITY/THERAPEUTIC
  TRIALS
Capon, A., Lehert, P. and Opsomer, L. (1990), Natfidrofuryl in the Treatment of
  Subacute Stroke. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 16 S62-S66.
Abstract: In a placebo-controlled, double-blind study, 82 patients in the subacute stage
  of a disabling stroke were studied to assess the effect on clinical improvement of 600
  mg naftidrofuryl against placebo. Forty-two patients were treated with the drug and
  40 with placebo, in each case administered for 60 days. All patients received 100 mg
  aspirin and 300 mg dipyridamole daily and entered a similar program of
  rehabilitation therapy. At the start and the end of the study, the motor functions of the
  upper and lower limbs, the ability to walk and to perform daily activities, the
  comprehension and expression of speech, and the mental progress were assessed
  with quantitative linear scales. In the group treated with active drug, a greater overall
  tendency of improvement was observed, reaching statistically significant levels for
  walking and activities of daily life when compared to placebo-treated patients.
  Overall improvement was negatively influenced by advancing age, but the
  statistically significant effect of treatment on walking and daily activities was not
  interfered with by age. Right-sided lesions showed better improvement under active
  drug than left- sided lesions. This may be due to a correctional effect of naftidrofuryl
  on hemispatial neglect
Keywords:
  APOMORPHINE/HEMIPLEGIA/NAFTIDROFURYL/NAFTIDROFURYL
  TREATMENT/NEGLECT/RATS/REHABILITATION/SUBACUTE STROKE
Tuomilehto, J., Wikstrand, J., Warnold, I., Olsson, G., Elmfeldt, D. and Berglund, G.
  (1990), Coronary-Artery Disease Can be Prevented by Antihypertensive Therapy -
  Experiences from the Maphy Study. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 16
  S75-S76.
Abstract: The present randomized primary prevention study in hypertensive men aged
  40-64 years (n = 3,234) was aimed at investigating whether metoprolol given as
  initial treatment would prevent coronary artery disease (CAD) better than thiazide
  diuretics. Two hundred fifty-five patient-years of follow-up; 25% of these events
  were fatal, and 38% were definite acute myocardial infarctions. The incidence of
  CAD was significantly lower during follow-up in patients randomized to metoprolol
  than in patients randomized to diuretics: 111 vs. 144 cases (p = 0.001). Stroke
  mortality was significantly lower in the metoprolol group than in the diuretic group,
  but the overall stroke incidence was similar in the two treatment groups. A majority
  of events occurred among smokers in both treatment groups although only one-third
  of patients were smokers at baseline. Blood pressure (BP) control was similar in the
  two treatment groups; therefore, the difference between the groups in CAD events is
  mediated via mechanisms other than the BP- reducing effect of metoprolol
Keywords:                          ANTIHYPERTENSIVE                                DRUG
  THERAPY/BETA-BLOCKERS/CORONARY                                                ARTERY
  DISEASE/EAST/HYPERTENSION/MORTALITY/TRIALS
Engberding, R., Reinbach, R. and Frommelt, T. (1990), The Influence of Nicardipine on
  Left-Ventricular Hemodynamics and Compliance in Patients with Coronary
  Heart-Disease. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 16 S20-S25.
Abstract: The hemodynamic effects of nicardipine were studied in 10 normotensive
  patients (nine men, one woman; age 43-70 years, mean 56 years) and five patients
  with mild to moderate hypertension (four men, one woman; age 46-72 years, mean
  62.8 years); in all patients coronary heart disease was confirmed by angiography.
  Hemodynamic parameters were determined before and after intravenous
  administration of nicardipine in cumulative doses of 2.5, 7.5, and 12.5 mg for 10 min
  each. Nicardipine significantly reduced systolic aortic pressure, diastolic aortic
  pressure, and mean aortic pressure in normotensive patients [139 +/- 8.7 vs. 114 +/-
  9.2 mm Hg (p < 0.001), 73 +/- 9.1 vs. 56 +/- 7.9 mm Hg (p < 0.001), 97 +/- 7.8 vs.
  78 +/- 7.9 mm Hg (p < 0.001), respectively] and in hypertensive patients [166 +/- 7.4
  vs. 128 +/- 8.6 mm Hg (p < 0.001), 83 +/- 9.4 vs. 56 +/- 10.9 mm Hg (p < 0.001),
  110 +/- 15.5 vs. 78 +/- 12.0 mm Hg (p < 0.001, respectively]. Systemic vascular
  resistance was decreased significantly in hypertensive patients [1,363 +/- 188 vs. 707
  +/- 137.7 dyn sec cm-5 (p < 0.001)] and in normotensive patients [1,110 +/- 225.3 vs.
  682 +/- 92.4 dyn sec cm-5 (p < 0.001)]. Heart rate increased from 68 +/- 6.8 to 83 +/-
  11.4 beats/min (p < 0.001) in normotensive patients but the increase from 72 +/- 14.7
  to 80 +/- 14.2 beats/min in hypertensive patients was not significant. Mean
   pulmonary artery pressure did not change significantly in hypertensive patients and
   increased slightly in normotensive patients. Pulmonary wedge pressure remained
   almost constant. Stroke volume index increased in normotensive patients from 50.5
   +/- 7.4 to 56 +/- 3.9 ml/m2 (p < 0.01) and in hypertensive patients from 48 +/- 11 to
   60 +/- 10 ml/m2 (p < 0.06), dp/dt(max) did not change in hypertensive patients and
   showed a slight increase in normotensive patients [1,502 +/- 226.3 vs. 1,884 +/-
   402.7 mm Hg/s (p < 0.001)]. Improvement of wall motion abnormalities was
   observed in five normotensive patients and in two hypertensive patients. The
   preliminary results of Doppler echocardiographically assessed diastolic function
   measured in five patients did not show a uniform tendency. Side effects were
   observed in three patients (angina pectoris in one, headache in two). It is concluded
   that nicardipine provides potent vasodilator effects and can improve left ventricular
   function in hypertensive and normotensive patients with coronary heart disease
Keywords:                         ARTERY                          DISEASE/CHANNEL
   BLOCKING-AGENTS/FAILURE/VERAPAMIL
Lammertsma, A.A., Wise, R.J.S., Heather, J.D., Gibbs, J.M., Leenders, K.L.,
   Frackowiak, R.S.J., Rhodes, C.G. and Jones, T. (1983), Correction for the Presence
   of Intravascular O-15 in the Steady-State Technique for Measuring Regional Oxygen
   Extraction Ratio in the Brain .2. Results in Normal Subjects and Brain- Tumor and
   Stroke Patients. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 3 (4), 425-431
Fredriksson, K., Ingvar, M. and Johansson, B.B. (1984), Regional Cerebral Blood-Flow
   in Conscious Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Cerebral
   Blood Flow and Metabolism, 4 (1), 103-106
Meneghetti, G., Vorstrup, S., Mickey, B., Lindewald, H. and Lassen, N.A. (1984),
   Crossed Cerebellar Diaschisis in Ischemic Stroke - A Study of Regional Cerebral
   Blood-Flow        by    Xe-133      Inhalation    and     Single     Photon-Emission
   Computerized-Tomography. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 4 (2),
   235-240
Baron, J.C., Rougemont, D., Soussaline, F., Bustany, P., Crouzel, C., Bousser, M.G. and
   Comar, D. (1984), Local Interrelationships of Cerebral Oxygen-Consumption and
   Glucose-Utilization in Normal Subjects and in Ischemic Stroke Patients - A Positron
   Tomography Study. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 4 (2), 140-149
Syrota, A., Samson, Y., Boullais, C., Wajnberg, P., Loch, C., Crouzel, C., Maziere, B.,
   Soussaline, F. and Baron, J.C. (1985), Tomographic Mapping of Brain Intracellular
   Ph and Extracellular Water Space in Stroke Patients. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow
   and Metabolism, 5 (3), 358-368
Gjedde, A., Wienhard, K., Heiss, W.D., Kloster, G., Diemer, N.H., Herholz, K. and
   Pawlik, G. (1985), Comparative Regional-Analysis of 2-Fluorodeoxyglucose and
   Methylglucose Uptake in Brain of 4 Stroke Patients - with Special Reference to the
   Regional Estimation of the Lumped Constant. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and
   Metabolism, 5 (2), 163-178
Vorstrup, S., Andersen, A., Blegvad, N. and Paulson, O.B. (1986), Calcium-Antagonist
   (Py-108-068) Treatment May Further Decrease Flow in Ischemic Areas in Acute
   Stroke. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 6 (2), 222-229
Komatsumoto, S., Nioka, S., Greenberg, J.H., Yoshizaki, K., Subramanian, V.H.,
   Chance, B. and Reivich, M. (1987), Cerebral Energy-Metabolism Measured Invivo
   by P-31-Nmr in Middle Cerebral-Artery Occlusion in the Cat - Relation to Severity
   of Stroke. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 7 (5), 557-562
Pozzilli, C., Itoh, M., Matsuzawa, T., Fukuda, H., Abe, Y., Sato, T., Takeda, S. and Ido,
   T. (1987), Positron Emission Tomography in Minor Ischemic Stroke Using O- 15
   Steady-State Technique. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 7 (2),
   137-142
Wilson, P.D., Huang, S.C. and Hawkins, R.A. (1988), Single-Scan Bayes Estimation of
   Cerebral Glucose Metabolic-Rate - Comparison with Non-Bayes Single-Scan
   Methods Using Fdg Pet Scans in Stroke. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and
   Metabolism, 8 (3), 418-425
Deley, G., Weyne, J., Demeester, G., Stryckmans, K., Goethals, P., Vandevelde, E. and
   Leusen, I. (1988), Experimental Thromboembolic Stroke Studied by Positron
   Emission Tomography - Immediate Versus Delayed Reperfusion by Fibrinolysis.
   Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 8 (4), 539-545
Dirnagl, U., Kaplan, B., Jacewicz, M. and Pulsinelli, W. (1989), Continuous
   Measurement of Cerebral Cortical Blood-Flow by Laser-Doppler Flowmetry in A
   Rat Stroke Model. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 9 (5), 589-596
Gjedde, A., Kuwabara, H. and Hakim, A.M. (1990), Reduction of Functional Capillary
   Density in Human Brain After Stroke. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and
   Metabolism, 10 (3), 317-326
Keywords: BLOOD/BLOOD-FLOW/BRAIN
Lind, K. (1982), A Synthesis of Studies on Stroke Rehabilitation. Journal of Chronic
   Diseases, 35 (2), 133-149
Miah, K., Vonarbin, M., Britton, M., Defaire, U., Helmers, C. and Maasing, R. (1983),
   Prognosis in Acute Stroke with Special Reference to Some Cardiac Factors. Journal
   of Chronic Diseases, 36 (3), 279-288
Barker, W.H., Feldt, K.S. and Feibel, J. (1984), Assessment of Hospital Admission
   Surveillance of Stroke in A Metropolitan Community. Journal of Chronic Diseases,
   37 (8), 609-615
Gillum, R.F., Gomezmarin, O., Kottke, T.E., Jacobs, D.R., Prineas, R.J., Folsom, A.R.,
   Luepker, R.V. and Blackburn, H. (1985), Acute Stroke in A Metropolitan Area, 1970
   and 1980 - the Minnesota-Heart-Survey. Journal of Chronic Diseases, 38 (11),
   891-898
Safran, A.B. (1984), Neuroophthalmology in the Recent European-Literature .3.
   Heredo-Degenerations, Stroke, Pain, and Diagnostic-Techniques. Journal of Clinical
   Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4 (4), 275-284
David, R.M. and Skilbeck, C.E. (1984), Raven Iq and Language Recovery Following
   Stroke. Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology, 6 (3), 302-308
Walther, F.J., Siassi, B. and Wu, P.Y.K. (1986), Echocardiographic Measurement of
   Left-Ventricular Stroke Volume in Newborn-Infants - A Correlative Study with
   Pulsed Doppler and M-Mode Echocardiography. Journal of Clinical Ultrasound, 14
   (1), 37-41
Probstfield, J.L. (1988), Rationale and Design of A Randomized Clinical-Trial on
   Prevention of Stroke in Isolated Systolic Hypertension. Journal of Clinical
   Epidemiology, 41 (12), 1197-1208
Jette, A.M., Pinsky, J.L., Branch, L.G., Wolf, P.A. and Feinleib, M. (1988), The
   Framingham Disability Study - Physical-Disability Among Community-Dwelling
   Survivors of Stroke. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 41 (8), 719-726
Snape, J., Pal, G.S., Castleden, C.M., Jagger, C., Thurston, H. and Bing, R.F. (1988),
   Risk-Factors for Stroke in Patients Over 70. Journal of Clinical and Experimental
   Gerontology, 10 (3-4), 103-116
Egelko, S., Gordon, W.A., Hibbard, M.R., Diller, L., Lieberman, A., Holliday, R.,
   Ragnarsson, K., Shaver, M.S. and Orazem, J. (1988), Relationship Among Ct Scans,
   Neurological      Exam,      and     Neuropsychological     Test-Performance     in
  Right-Brain-Damaged Stroke Patients. Journal of Clinical and Experimental
  Neuropsychology, 10 (5), 539-564
Moore, B.D. and Papanicolaou, A.C. (1988), Dichotic-Listening Evidence of
  Right-Hemisphere Involvement in Recovery from Aphasia Following Stroke.
  Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 10 (4), 380-386
Sundet, K., Finset, A. and Reinvang, I. (1988), Neuropsychological Predictors in Stroke
  Rehabilitation. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 10 (4),
  363-379
Corin, W.J., Swindle, M.M., Spann, J.F., Nakano, K., Frankis, M., Biederman, R.W.W.,
  Smith, A., Taylor, A. and Carabello, B.A. (1988), Mechanism of Decreased Forward
  Stroke Volume in Children and Swine with Ventricular Septal-Defect and Failure to
  Thrive. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 82 (2), 544-551
Barer, D., Leibowitz, R., Ebrahim, S., Pengally, D. and Neale, R. (1989), Vitamin-C
  Status and Other Nutritional Indexes in Patients with Stroke and Other Acute
  Illnesses - A Case Control Study. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 42 (7), 625-631
Henrich, J.B. and Horwitz, R.I. (1989), A Controlled-Study of Ischemic Stroke Risk in
  Migraine Patients. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 42 (8), 773-780
Rogot, E. and Hrubec, Z. (1989), Trends in Mortality from Coronary Heart-Disease and
  Stroke Among United-States Veterans - 1954-1979. Journal of Clinical
  Epidemiology, 42 (3), 245-256
Casey, J.E., Ferguson, G.G., Kimura, D. and Hachinski, V.C. (1989),
  Neuropsychological Improvement Versus Practice Effect Following Unilateral
  Carotid Endarterectomy in Patients Without Stroke. Journal of Clinical and
  Experimental Neuropsychology, 11 (4), 461-470
Shah, S., Vanclay, F. and Cooper, B. (1989), Improving the Sensitivity of the Barthel
  Index for Stroke Rehabilitation. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 42 (8), 703-709
Macera, C.A., Jackson, K.L., Davis, D.R., Kronenfeld, J.J. and Blair, S.N. (1990),
  Patterns of Nonresponse to A Mail Survey. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 43
  (12), 1427-1430.
Abstract: This paper describes a basic investigation of possible non- response bias in a
  mail survey. We compare characteristics of responders and non-responders to a mail
  survey of health outcomes among participants of a longitudinal study of physical
  activity, physical fitness, and health. Results indicate that, at the first clinic visit, the
  responders were essentially the same as the non-responders on personal health
  history and laboratory measurements, while reporting significantly more family
  history of specific chronic diseases (cardiovascular disease, hypertension, stroke).
  The male responders were younger and reported more positive health behaviors as
  well as better weight and treadmill times at the first clinic visit. These results suggest
  that both response groups were equally healthy at entry, and that individuals who had
  family members with certain chronic conditions and who had positive health
  behaviors were more likely to respond (participate) in this health-related survey.
  Differences of this type could affect interpretation of future analyses. This work
  illustrates the importance of incorporating methods to examine non-response into any
  epidemiologic study
Keywords:               BIAS/FOLLOW-UP                   STUDIES/HEALTH-RELATED
  STUDIES/LONGITUDINAL STUDIES/MAIL SURVEYS/NONRESPONSE BIAS
Whisnant, J.P., Melton, L.J., Davis, P.H., Ofallon, W.M., Nishimaru, K. and
  Schoenberg, B.S. (1990), Comparison of Case Ascertainment by Medical Record
  Linkage and Cohort Follow-Up to Determine Incidence Rates for Transient Ischemic
  Attacks and Stroke. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 43 (8), 791-797
Wolcott, C.L., Saul, R.E., Hellige, J.B. and Kumar, S. (1990), Effects of Stimulus
  Degradation on Letter-Matching Performance of Left and Right Hemispheric Stroke
  Patients. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 12 (2), 222-234
Keywords: NETHERLANDS
Catapano, F. and Galderisi, S. (1990), Depression and Cerebral Stroke. Journal of
  Clinical Psychiatry, 51 9-12
Hom, J. and Reitan, R.M. (1990), Generalized Cognitive Function After Stroke. Journal
  of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 12 (5), 644-654
Keywords: NETHERLANDS
Margolin, D.I., Pate, D.S., Friedrich, F.J. and Elia, E. (1990), Dysnomia in Dementia
  and in Stroke Patients - Different Underlying Cognitive Deficits. Journal of Clinical
  and Experimental Neuropsychology , 12 (4), 597-612
Keywords: NETHERLANDS
Howard, G., Evans, G.W., Toole, J.F., Tell, G., Rose, L.A., Espeland, M. and Truscott,
  B.L. (1990), Characteristics of Stroke Victims Associated with Early Cardiovascular
  Mortality in Their Children. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 43 (1), 49-54
Christensen, J.M. and Anderson, J.D. (1989), Spouse Adjustment to Stroke - Aphasic
  Versus Nonaphasic Partners. Journal of Communication Disorders, 22 (4), 225-231
Raskin, S.A., Tweedy, J.R. and Borod, J.C. (1990), Effect of Inversion on Memory for
  Faces in Parkinsons-Disease and Right-Hemisphere Stroke Patients. Journal of
  Communication Disorders, 23 (4-5), 303-323
Ponganis, P.J., Kooyman, G.L., Zornow, M.H., Castellini, M.A. and Croll, D.A. (1990),
  Cardiac-Output and Stroke Volume in Swimming Harbor Seals. Journal of
  Comparative Physiology B-Biochemical Systemic and Environmental Physiology,
  160 (5), 473-482.
Abstract: Cardiac output was measured by the thermodilution method in three young
  harbor seals, at rest and while swimming up to the maximum effort for which they
  could be trained. Stroke volume was determined by counting heart rate
  simultaneously with determination of cardiac output. Cardiac outputs varied widely
  between surface breathing (7.8 ml.kg-1.s-1) and breath-holding while swimming
  under water (1.8 ml.kg-1.s-1). Stroke volume while at the surface was almost twice
  the volume while submerged. Surface cardiac output was always near maximal
  despite work effort, whereas submerged cardiac output gradually increased at higher
  work efforts. The cardiovascular performance of seals at the maximum MO2 we
  could induce from them is equivalent to that of the domestic goat
Keywords:        BREATH-HOLD/DIVING              SEAL/HEART-RATE/MAMMALIAN
  RESPIRATORY                               SYSTEM/METABOLISM/MYOCARDIAL
  BLOOD-FLOW/NEW-YORK/PERCUTANEOUS/PHOCA-
  VITULINA/PHOCA-VITULINA/PULMONARY
  ARTERY/THERMODILUTION/WEDDELL SEALS
Archer, C.R., Ilinsky, I.A., Goldfader, P.R. and Smith, K.R. (1981), Aphasia in
  Thalamic Stroke - Ct Stereotactic Localization. Journal of Computer Assisted
  Tomography, 5 (3), 427-432
Tompkins, C.A., Rau, M.T. and Schulz, R. (1988), Post-Stroke Depression in Primary
  Support Persons - Predicting Those at Risk. Journal of Consulting and Clinical
  Psychology, 56 (4), 502-508
Lee, S.R. and Srinivasan, K. (1990), Self-Tuning Control Application to Closed-Loop
  Servohydraulic Material Testing. Journal of Dynamic Systems Measurement and
  Control-Transactions of the Asme, 112 (4), 680-689.
Abstract: Extensive reliance on manual controller tuning in closed-loop material testing
   applications makes such applications good candidates for self-tuning control
   implementation. The current work deals with the modeling, on-line identification,
   and self- tuning control of electrohydraulic servomechanisms used for closed-loop
   control of stroke, load, or strain involving low signal frequencies. The application to
   load and strain control results in servovalve operation close to null and increases the
   significance of nonideal aspects of servovalve operation such as valve mechanical
   null offset, valve overlap and radial clearance. Modifications in process modeling
   and on-line identification necessary to accommodate these aspects are described and
   shown to be effective by simulation and experiment. A pole-placement controller
   design approach is used for controller adaptation, the control algorithm being chosen
   based on analysis of robustness of the control system. The self-tuning control system
   is shown to be effective, by simulation and experiment
Keywords: MECHANICAL/NEW-YORK/STATE
Cohn, K. and Kryda, W. (1981), The Influence of Ectopic Beats and Tachyarrhythmias
   on Stroke Volume and Cardiac-Output. Journal of Electrocardiology, 14 (3),
   207-218
Choo, M.H. and Tan, L. (1985), Stroke Masking Electrocardiographic Abnormalities.
   Journal of Electrocardiology, 18 (4), 405-407
Horvath, T. (1989), Computation of the Lightning-Stroke Probability and the
   Effectiveness of the Air Termination. Journal of Electrostatics, 23 305-322
Kishan, S., Bell, S.R. and Caton, J.A. (1986), Numerical Simulations of 2-Stroke Cycle
   Engines Using Coal Fuels. Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and
   Power-Transactions of the Asme, 108 (4), 661-668
Kyrtatos, N.P. and Koumbarelis, I. (1988), A 3-Zone Scavenging Model for 2-Stroke
   Uniflow Engines. Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power-Transactions
   of the Asme, 110 (3), 531-537
Carapanayotis, A. and Salcudean, M. (1988), Mathematical-Modeling of the
   Scavenging Process in A 2-Stroke Diesel-Engine. Journal of Engineering for Gas
   Turbines and Power-Transactions of the Asme, 110 (3), 538-546
Sato, K. and Nakano, M. (1988), Simulation of the Gas-Exchange Process of A
   2-Stroke Cycle Gasoline-Engine. Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and
   Power-Transactions of the Asme, 110 (3), 369-376
Doan, T.D., Crawford, E.F. and Hinkle, S.J. (1988), A Steady-State Air Motion Study
   in A V-6 Uniflow Scavenged 2- Stroke Diesel-Engine. Journal of Engineering for
   Gas Turbines and Power-Transactions of the Asme, 110 (3), 503-508
Garraway, W.M., Akhtar, A.J., Smith, D.L. and Smith, M.E. (1981), The Triage of
   Stroke Rehabilitation. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 35 (1),
   39-44
Salonen, J.T. (1982), Socio-Economic Status and Risk of Cancer, Cerebral Stroke, and
   Death Due to Coronary Heart-Disease and Any Disease - A Longitudinal-Study in
   Eastern Finland. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 36 (4), 294-297
Christie, D. (1982), Aftermath of Stroke - An Epidemiological-Study in Melbourne,
   Australia. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 36 (2), 123-126
Kono, S., Ikeda, M. and Ogata, M. (1983), Salt and Geographical Mortality of
   Gastric-Cancer and Stroke in Japan. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health,
   37 (1), 43-46
Sheikh, K., Brennan, P.J., Meade, T.W., Smith, D.S. and Goldenberg, E. (1983),
   Predictors of Mortality and Disability in Stroke. Journal of Epidemiology and
   Community Health, 37 (1), 70-74
Cummins, R.O. (1983), Recent Changes in Salt Use and Stroke Mortality in England
   and Wales - Any Help for the Salt-Hypertension Debate. Journal of Epidemiology
   and Community Health, 37 (1), 25-28
Penfold, D., Styles, W.M. and Bulpitt, C.J. (1983), North-Hammersmith Stroke
   Prevention Project. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 37 (4), 310-314
Ebrahim, S., Nouri, F. and Barer, D. (1985), Measuring Disability After A Stroke.
   Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 39 (1), 86-89
Wade, D.T. and Hewer, R.L. (1985), Hospital Admission for Acute Stroke - Who, for
   How Long, and to What Effect. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 39
   (4), 347-352
Alderson, M.R., Lee, P.N. and Wang, R. (1985), Risks of Lung-Cancer,
   Chronic-Bronchitis, Ischemic Heart- Disease, and Stroke in Relation to Type of
   Cigarette Smoked. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 39 (4), 286-293
Ebrahim, S., Barer, D. and Nouri, F. (1986), Use of the Nottingham Health Profile with
   Patients After A Stroke. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 40 (2),
   166-169
Leghsmith, J., Wade, D.T. and Langtonhewer, R. (1986), Services for Stroke Patients
   One Year After Stroke. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 40 (2),
   161-165
Evans, J.G. (1987), Blood-Pressure and Stroke in An Elderly English Population.
   Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health , 41 (4), 275-282
Thompson, S.G., Meade, T.W. and Greenberg, G. (1989), The Use of Hormonal
   Replacement Therapy and the Risk of Stroke and Myocardial-Infarction in Women.
   Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 43 (2), 173-178
Burnett, L.E., Defur, P. and Jorgensen, D.D. (1981), Application of the Thermodilution
   Technique for Measuring Cardiac-Output and Assessing Cardiac Stroke Volume in
   Crabs. Journal of Experimental Zoology, 218 (2), 165-173
Casey, T.M., May, M.L. and Morgan, K.R. (1985), Flight Energetics of Euglossine
   Bees in Relation to Morphology and Wing Stroke Frequency. Journal of
   Experimental Biology, 116 (MAY), 271-289
Casey, T.M. and Hegellittle, J.R. (1987), Instantaneous Oxygen-Consumption and
   Muscle Stroke Work in Malacosoma-Americanum During Pre-Flight Warm-Up.
   Journal of Experimental Biology, 127 389-400
Levy, E., Lopezotin, C., Ghiso, J., Geltner, D. and Frangione, B. (1989), Stroke in
   Icelandic Patients with Hereditary Amyloid Angiopathy Is Related to A Mutation in
   the Cystatin-C Gene, An Inhibitor of Cysteine Proteases. Journal of Experimental
   Medicine, 169 (5), 1771-1778
Coll, P.P. (1989), Depression Associated with A Stroke. Journal of Family Practice,
   28 (2), 153-155
Arcoumanis, C., Bicen, A.F. and Whitelaw, J.H. (1982), Measurements in A Motored
   4-Stroke Reciprocating Model Engine. Journal of Fluids Engineering-Transactions
   of the Asme, 104 (2), 235-241
Henrich, J.B. and Horwitz, R.I. (1989), The Contributions of Individual Factors to
   Thromboembolic Stroke. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 4 (3), 195-201
Hubert, P. and Mouget, G. (1981), Return Stroke Velocity-Measurements in 2
   Triggered Lightning Flashes. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans and
   Atmospheres, 86 (NC6), 5253-5261
Master, M.J., Uman, M.A., Lin, Y.T. and Standler, R.B. (1981), Calculations of
   Lightning Return Stroke Electric and Magnetic- Fields Above Ground. Journal of
   Geophysical Research-Oceans and Atmospheres, 86 (NC12), 2127-2132
Idone, V.P. and Orville, R.E. (1982), Lightning Return Stroke Velocities in the
   Thunderstorm Research International Program (Trip). Journal of Geophysical
   Research-Oceans and Atmospheres, 87 (NC7), 4903-4915
Thomson, E.M., Galib, M.A., Uman, M.A., Beasley, W.H. and Master, M.J. (1984),
   Some Features of Stroke Occurrence in Florida Lightning Flashes. Journal of
   Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 89 (ND3), 4910-4916
Uman, M.A. (1985), Lightning Return Stroke Electric and Magnetic-Fields. Journal of
   Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 90 (ND4), 6121-6130
Mach, D.M. and Rust, W.D. (1989), Photoelectric Return-Stroke Velocity and Peak
   Current Estimates in Natural and Triggered Lightning. Journal of Geophysical
   Research-Atmospheres, 94 (D11), 13237-13247
Lanzerotti, L.J., Thomson, D.J., Maclennan, C.G., Rinnert, K., Krider, E.P. and Uman,
   M.A. (1989), Power Spectra at Radio-Frequency of Lightning Return Stroke
   Waveforms. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 94 (D11), 13221-13227
Rachidi, F. and Nucci, C.A. (1990), On the Master, Uman, Lin, Standler and the
   Modified Transmission-Line Lightning Return Stroke Current Models. Journal of
   Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 95 (D12), 20389-20394
Cooray, V. and Orville, R.E. (1990), The Effects of Variation of Current Amplitude,
   Current Risetime, and Return Stroke Velocity Along the Return Stroke Channel on
   the Electromagnetic-Fields Generated by Return Strokes. Journal of Geophysical
   Research-Atmospheres, 95 (D11), 18617-18630
Rakov, V.A., Uman, M.A., Jordan, D.M. and Priore, C.A. (1990), Ratio of Leader to
   Return Stroke Electric-Field Change for 1St and Subsequent Lightning Strokes.
   Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 95 (D10), 16579-16587
Keywords: SEP
Diendorfer, G. and Uman, M.A. (1990), An Improved Return Stroke Model with
   Specified Channel-Base Current. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 95
   (D9), 13621-13644
Rakov, V.A. and Uman, M.A. (1990), Some Properties of Negative Cloud-To-Ground
   Lightning Flashes Versus Stroke Order.                 Journal of       Geophysical
   Research-Atmospheres, 95 (D5), 5447-5453
Shadden, B.B. (1983), Pre-Crisis Intervention - A Tool for Reducing the Impact of
   Stroke-Related Personal and Family Crisis. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 6
   (1), 61-74
Tuomilehto, J., Piha, T., Nissinen, A., Geboers, J. and Puska, P. (1987), Trends in
   Stroke Mortality and in Antihypertensive Treatment in Finland from 1972 to 1984
   with Special Reference to North Karelia. Journal of Human Hypertension, 1 (3),
   201-208
Cruickshank, J.M., Higgins, T.J.C., Pennert, K., Thorp, J.M., Zacharias, F.M. and
   Zacharias, F.J. (1987), The Efficacy and Tolerability of Antihypertensive Treatment
   Based on Atenolol in the Prevention of Stroke and the Regression of Left-Ventricular
   Hypertrophy. Journal of Human Hypertension, 1 (2), 87-93
Tresserras, R., Serramajem, L., Canela, J., Armario, P., Pardell, H., Rue, M. and
   Salleras, L. (1990), Ecological Association Between Hypertension and Stroke in
   Catalonia (Spain) - Development and Use of An Ecological Regression-Model.
   Journal of Human Hypertension, 4 (4), 300-302
Keywords: HYPERTENSION
Ciccone, C.D. and Lyons, C.M. (1987), Relationships of Upper Extremity Strength and
   Swimming Stroke Technique on Competitive Freestyle Swimming Performance.
   Journal of Human Movement Studies, 13 (3), 143-150
Yamori, Y., Nara, Y., Mano, M. and Horie, R. (1985), Sympathetic Factors in the
   Cardiovascular Complications of Hypertension - Evidence in Genetic Models for
   Hypertension, Stroke and Atherosclerosis. Journal of Hypertension, 3 S35-S38
Tobian, L. (1986), High-Potassium Diets Markedly Protect Against Stroke Deaths and
   Kidney-Disease in Hypertensive Rats, An Echo from Prehistoric Days. Journal of
   Hypertension, 4 S67-S76
Memezawa, H., Katayama, Y., Sugimoto, S., Inamura, K., Shimizu, J., Soeda, T.,
   Suzuki, S. and Terashi, A. (1986), Arachidonic Acid-Induced Brain Ischemia -
   Different Severity Between Stroke-Resistant Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats and
   Wistar-Kyoto Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 4 S421-S424
Sunano, S., Tsuji, A., Shimada, T. and Shimamura, K. (1986), Comparison of the
   Effects of Sodium Vanadate and Ouabain on Vascular Smooth Muscles of
   Wistar-Kyoto Rats and Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of
   Hypertension, 4 S261-S262
Johansson, B.B. and Fredriksson, K. (1986), Cerebral Blood-Flow and Cerebrovascular
   Alterations in Spontaneously Hypertensive and Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 4 S89-S91
Ikemoto, F., Takada, T., Itoh, S., Miyazaki, M. and Yamamoto, K. (1986), Prevention
   of Development of Hypertension and Stroke in Stroke- Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats by Chronic Treatment with Converting-Enzyme-Inhibitor Sa-446.
   Journal of Hypertension, 4 S499-S500
Tobian, L., Lange, J.M., Johnson, M.A., Macneill, D.A., Wilke, T.J., Ulm, K.M. and
   Wold, L.J. (1986), High-K Diets Markedly Reduce Brain Hemorrhage and Infarcts,
   Death Rate and Mesenteric Arteriolar Hypertrophy in Stroke- Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Hypertension , 4 S205-S207
Suzuki, A., Higashino, H., Kondoh, S., Yamanishi, Y., Yoshimura, Y. and Niwa, A.
   (1986), Spare Receptors in the Blood-Vessels from Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 4 S77-S79
Moursi, M.G., Ganten, D., Lang, R.E. and Unger, T. (1986), Antihypertensive Action
   and Inhibition of Tissue Converting Enzyme (Ce) by 3 Prodrug Ce Inhibitors,
   Enalapril, Ramipril and Perindopril in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive
   Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 4 S495-S498
Okada, T., Kuwahara, T., Satoh, T. and Nakamura, K. (1986), Prevention of Ca-2+
   Hypersusceptibility of Erythrocyte Cytoskeleton in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats by A Calmodulin Antagonist. Journal of Hypertension, 4
   S271-S273
Ikemoto, F., Itoh, S., Tanaka, M., Morita, N., Okamoto, K. and Yamamoto, K. (1986),
   Detection and Possible Mechanism of Formation of Renal High- Molecular-Weight
   Renin in Aged Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of
   Hypertension, 4 S359-S360
Macmahon, S.W., Cutler, J.A., Neaton, J.D., Furberg, C.D., Cohen, J.D., Kuller, L.H.
   and Stamler, J. (1986), Relationship of Blood-Pressure to Coronary and Stroke
   Morbidity and Mortality in Clinical-Trials and Epidemiologic-Studies. Journal of
   Hypertension, 4 S14-S17
Yamada, S., Nakamoto, M., Hayashi, M., Tomita, T. and Hayashi, E. (1986), Tubular
   and Glomerular Adrenoceptors in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats.
   Journal of Hypertension, 4 S209-S211
Randall, O.S., Westerhof, N., Vandenbos, G.C. and Alexander, B. (1986), Reliability of
   Stroke Volume to Pulse Pressure Ratio for Estimating and Detecting Changes in
   Arterial Compliance. Journal of Hypertension, 4 S293-S296
Nagaoka, A. (1986), Pharmacological Prevention of Cerebral Stroke in Stroke-Prone
  Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 4 S523-S525
Ohta, Y., Chikugo, T., Higashizawa, T., Chichibu, S. and Okamoto, K. (1986), A Study
  of the Relationship Between Arterial and Intracranial Hypertension in the M-Strain
  of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats and Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
  Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 4 S409-S411
Umegaki, K., Ikeda, M., Nakamura, K., Inoue, Y. and Tomita, T. (1986), Platelet
  Dysfunction in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats - Defective Ca-2+
  Functions in Protein-Phosphorylation and in Coupling of Protein-Phosphorylation to
  Physiological- Responses. Journal of Hypertension, 4 S279-S281
Osol, G. and Halpern, W. (1986), Effect of Antihypertensive Treatment on Myogenic
  Properties of Brain Arteries from the Stroke-Prone Rat. Journal of Hypertension, 4
  S517-S518
Fuchi, I., Noda, K. and Matsubara, Y. (1986), The Pregnant Stroke-Prone
  Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat As A Model Animal for Pregnancy Hypertension.
  Journal of Hypertension, 4 S375-S377
Kazda, S., Garthoff, B., Hirth, C., Preis, W. and Stasch, J.P. (1986), Parathyroidectomy
  Mimics the Protective Effect of the Calcium- Antagonist Nimodipine in Salt-Loaded
  Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 4
  S483-S485
Okamoto, K., Yamamoto, K., Morita, N., Ohta, Y., Chikugo, T., Higashizawa, T. and
  Suzuki, T. (1986), Establishment and Use of the M-Strain of Stroke-Prone
  Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat. Journal of Hypertension, 4 S21-S24
Horino, N., Saitoh, H., Nishio, T., Mori, C., Horie, R. and Yamori, Y. (1986),
  Characteristics of Immunological Defect of Specific Pathogen- Free Stroke-Prone
  Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 4 S441-S443
Ueda, H., Koga, T., Akiba, T., Saito, N., Iwai, T. and Nakamura, M. (1986), Effects of
  Nipradilol, Propranolol and Pindolol on Myocardial Lesions in Salt-Loaded
  Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 4
  S501-S503
Yamori, Y., Nara, Y., Tsubouchi, T., Sogawa, Y., Ikeda, K. and Horie, R. (1986),
  Dietary Prevention of Stroke and Its Mechanisms in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
  Hypertensive Rats - Preventive Effect of Dietary Fiber and Palmitoleic Acid. Journal
  of Hypertension, 4 S449-S452
Nordborg, C. (1986), The Effects of Combined Metoprolol and Felodipine Treatment
  on the Arterial Morphometry of Spontaneously Hypertensive and Stroke-Prone
  Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 4 S509-S511
Ogawa, H., Shiota, C., Nishikawa, T., Fukushima, S. and Sasagawa, S. (1986),
  Age-Related-Changes in Serum Concentrations of Apolipoprotein- A-I,
  Apolipoprotein-e and Apolipoprotein-A-Iv in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
  Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 4 S429-S431
Kalimo, H., Fredriksson, K., Nordborg, C., Johansson, B.B. and Olsson, Y. (1986), The
  Spread of Vasogenic Brain Edema and Its Role in Cerebral Tissue Destruction in
  Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 4
  S407-S408
Paschen, W., Mies, G., Yamori, Y., Bodsch, W. and Hossmann, K.A. (1986), Regional
  Pattern of Hemodynamic and Biochemical Disturbances in Stroke-Prone
  Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 4 S403-S405
Suzuki, T., Yamamoto, J. and Minoda, M. (1986), Morphological-Study on the
  Relationship Between the Muscular Architecture of the Ventricles and
  Cardiac-Hypertrophy in the M-Strain of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive
  Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 4 S115-S118
Tagami, M., Kubota, A., Kitamura, J., Nara, Y. and Yamori, Y. (1986),
  Electron-Microscopic Studies of Ruptured and Occluded Arteries in Stroke-Prone
  Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 4 S413-S415
Furspan, P.B., Jokelainen, P.T., Sing, C.F. and Bohr, D.F. (1987), Genetic-Relationship
  Between A Lymphocyte Membrane Abnormality and Blood-Pressure in
  Spontaneously Hypertensive Stroke-Prone and Wistar-Kyoto Rats. Journal of
  Hypertension, 5 (3), 293-297
Kwan, C.Y., Seo, Y., Ito, H., Murakami, M. and Watari, H. (1987), High-Resolution
  Na-23 Nuclear-Magnetic-Resonance Study of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
  Hypertensive Rat Erythrocytes. Journal of Hypertension, 5 (3), 359-366
Furspan, P.B. and Bohr, D.F. (1988), Effects of Felodipine on Blood-Pressure and
  Lymphocyte Membrane-Characteristics in Spontaneously Hypertensive Stroke-
  Prone Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 6 S236-S238
Thompson, L.E., Rinaldi, G.J. and Bohr, D.F. (1988), Sodium-Calcium Exchange in
  Vascular Smooth-Muscle of Wistar- Kyoto and Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
  Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 6 S160-S162
Shimizu, S., Nara, Y., Yamada, K., Keiser, H.R. and Yamori, Y. (1988), Cellular
  Mechanisms of Hypertension and Atherosclerosis - Hypoxia-Induced
  Lipid-Accumulation in Cultured Vascular Smooth- Muscle Cells from the
  Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat. Journal of Hypertension, 6
  S163-S165
Arai, H., Nakao, K., Saito, Y., Sugawara, A., Yamada, T., Itoh, H., Mukoyama, M.,
  Hosoda, K., Shirakami, G., Morii, N., Shiono, S., Ohkubo, H., Nakanishi, S. and
  Imura, H. (1988), Expression of Atrial Natriuretic Factor Gene in Hearts from
  Neonates of Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats and Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
  Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 6 S276-S278
Howe, P.R.C., Rogers, P.F. and Smith, R.M. (1989), Effects of Chronic
  Alcohol-Consumption and Alcohol Withdrawal on Blood-Pressure in Stroke-Prone
  Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 7 (5), 387-393
Howe, P.R.C., Rogers, P.F. and Head, G.A. (1989), Limited Baroreflex Control of
  Heart-Rate in Young Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of
  Hypertension, 7 (1), 69-75
Bruner, C.A. and Webb, R.C. (1989), Effect of Felodipine on Blood-Pressure and
  Vascular Reactivity in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of
  Hypertension, 7 (1), 31-35
Macmahon, S. (1990), Antihypertensive Drug-Treatment - the Potential, Expected and
  Observed Effects on Vascular-Disease. Journal of Hypertension, 8 S239-S244.
Abstract: Re-analysis of the results of several prospective observational studies
  indicates that modest long-term differences in usual diastolic blood pressure are
  associated with larger differences in the primary incidence of stroke and of coronary
  heart disease than was previously believed. A prolonged difference of 5-6 mmHg in
  usual diastolic blood pressure was associated with at least one-third fewer strokes
  and at least one-fifth fewer coronary heart disease events. The results of randomly
  allocated trials of antihypertensive drug therapy (mostly diuretics) indicate that a
  similar difference in diastolic blood pressure maintained for just a few years appears
  to produce much or all of the potential long-term benefits for stroke. The incidence
  of coronary heart disease was also significantly reduced by treatment (2P < 0.01).
  However, for coronary disease, the trial results, even in combination, are inadequate
  to allow a reliable determination of the size of the treatment effects and the
  proportion of the long-term potential benefit achieved by a few years of
  diuretic-based treatment
Keywords:          ANTIHYPERTENSIVE               DRUGS/CORONARY                 HEART
  DISEASE/HYPERTENSION/RANDOMIZED TRIALS/STROKE/TRIAL/TRIALS
Lundjohansen, P., Omvik, P., White, W., Digranes, O., Helland, B., Jordal, O. and Stray,
  T. (1990), Long-Term Hemodynamic-Effects of Amlodipine at Rest and During
  Exercise in Essential-Hypertension. Journal of Hypertension, 8 (12), 1129-1136.
Abstract: The long-term haemodynamic responses to amlodipine, a new long- acting
  calcium antagonist, were studied both at rest and during exercise in 18 patients
  (mean age 43 years) with essential hypertension. Blood pressure was measured
  intra-arterially, cardiac output by dye dilution and heart rate by electrocardiogram.
  After 11 months of treatment with 5-10 mg amlodipine once daily (mean dose 9
  mg/day), mean arterial pressure was reduced by 14% sitting at rest. The reduction in
  blood pressure was associated with a marked reduction in the total peripheral
  resistance index (TPRI) of 19% (P < 0.001). Similar responses were seen supine at
  rest and during 50 W, 100 W and 150 W bicycle exercise. No significant changes
  were seen in heart rate. There was a slight increase in stroke index, and cardiac index
  was preserved at rest and during exercise with a slight trend towards an increase. In
  10 of the patients, blood pressure was monitored by a portable blood pressure
  recorder (Accutracker II, Suntech Medical Instruments, Raleigh, North Carolina,
  USA). Blood pressure was well controlled throughout the full 24 h period after one
  daily dose. In conclusion, amlodipine exerts a clear antihypertensive effect, both at
  rest and during exercise, through reduction in the TPRI and without a fall in cardiac
  pump function. No changes in heart rate were seen and there was no tendency for a
  reduction in the stroke index during 8 min of exercise at 150 W; on the contrary there
  was a trend towards an increase. The incidence of side-effects was low (ankle
  oedema in two patients)
Keywords:
  AMLODIPINE/ANTAGONISTS/BLOCKERS/BLOOD-PRESSURE/CALCIUM
  ANTAGONIST/ESSENTIAL
  HYPERTENSION/EXERCISE/HEMODYNAMICS/HYPERTENSION/THERAPY
Kobayashi, A., Nara, Y., Nishio, T., Mori, C. and Yamori, Y. (1990), Increased Na+-H+
  Exchange Activity in Cultured Vascular Smooth- Muscle Cells from Stroke-Prone
  Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Hypertension, 8 (2), 153-157
Keywords: HYPERTENSION
Kaplan, N.M. (1990), Changing Hypertension Treatment to Reduce the Overall
  Cardiovascular Risk. Journal of Hypertension, 8 S175-S179.
Abstract: The increasing tendency to treat hypertension has markedly reduced stroke
  mortality but has not significantly reduced the mortality from coronary heart disease.
  Many explanations for this failure have been proposed and the true reason may never
  be known. Nevertheless, a number of steps can be taken to improve the degrees of
  therapeutic protection against coronary heart disease including (1) a complete
  assessment of all alterable risk factors; (2) effective use of multiple non-drug
  therapies; (3) use of antihypertensive drugs that reduce other cardiovascular risk
  factors; and (4) a gradual reduction of blood pressure to levels that will preserve
  perfusion to vital organs
Keywords:             CORONARY                HEART               DISEASE/DIASTOLIC
  BLOOD-PRESSURE/HYPERTENSION/MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION/NONDR
  UG THERAPY/RISK ASSESSMENT/STROKE MORTALITY/THERAPEUTIC
  PROTECTION
Lindblad, U., Rastam, L., Ryden, L., Ranstam, J., Berglund, G. and Isacsson, S.O.
   (1990), Reduced Stroke Incidence with Structured Hypertension Care - the
   Skaraborg Hypertension Project. Journal of Hypertension, 8 (12), 1147-1153.
Abstract: The Skaraborg Hypertension Project is a 5-year trial testing the impact of
   structured hypertension care implemented in half of the country, the other half
   serving as control. Population investigations revealed improved blood pressure
   control in all treated hypertensives in the study area, blood pressure reduction
   averaging 2-5 mmHg. The primary trial hypothesis of a possible impact on stroke
   incidence in the community was tested in this study. Cases of fatal and non-fatal
   stroke were identified from local and national mortality and morbidity registers, and
   diagnoses were validated against medical records. Of an initial 1169 reported cases,
   1097 proved to be true stroke after validation. A statistically significant difference in
   stroke incidence trends (fatal and non-fatal) between the study and control
   populations was identified (P = 0.0251). Improved hypertension control in the study
   area seems the most plausible explanation for the relative decline in stroke incidence
   in the study area
Keywords:
   BLOOD-PRESSURE/COMMUNITY/HYPERTENSION/MORTALITY/NORTH-K
   ARELIA/PRIMARY                          CARE/PROGRAM/STROKE/STRUCTURED
   CARE/TREATMENT GUIDELINES
Kannel, W.B. (1990), Implications of the Primary Prevention Trials Against Coronary
   Heart-Disease. Journal of Hypertension, 8 S245-S250.
Abstract: The bulk of the mortality (60%) in hypertension occurs in those with mild to
   moderate elevations of blood pressure, and the chief hazard is coronary disease.
   Although progression in the severity of hypertension has been slowed with drug
   therapy, the benefits for coronary outcome and all-cause mortality have been
   equivocal. Only a 10% reduction in coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality
   has been shown, an improvement that is not only small, but is statistically
   insignificant. Only vascular events such as renal failure, stroke, aortic dissection and
   cardiac failure have been reduced by antihypertensive therapy. Recent trials
   comparing beta-blockers with other antihypertensive drugs have failed to show the
   expected promise based on their effectiveness following a myocardial infarction.
   However, two large trials suggest that they may be effective against coronary heart
   disease in male non-smokers. A number of possible reasons for this therapeutic
   failure to reduce coronary heart disease have been postulated. The trials may have
   been to short to significantly affect the atherosclerotic progression. Also, sample
   sizes were too small to detect a sizeable reduction in coronary heart disease events.
   Furthermore, no attention was paid to improvement in the coronary heart disease risk
   profile, since drugs currently in use are known to have adverse effects on blood lipids,
   glucose tolerance and uric acid. It is even possible that a predisposition to sudden
   death is associated with antihypertensive therapy. The trials suggest that in attempts
   to prevent coronary heart disease, control of smoking and of serum lipids are
   particularly important in hypertensive persons and may be more effective than
   controlling the blood pressure alone. The trials suggest that we need greater emphasis
   on other antihypertensive agents. Also, non-pharmacologic methods for managing
   mild hypertension, such as salt restriction, control of obesity, increased exercise and
   a reduction in alcohol intake appear worthwhile. Since a large number of mild
   hypertensives must be treated to benefit a few, drug treatment should be targeted at
   those with a poor cardiovascular risk profile, where the bulk of events are
   concentrated. The treatment must be harmless and free of side effects that adversely
   affect the quality of life. Finally, trials in mild hypertension indicate that treatment
   must be multifactorial because blood pressure reductions alone are not enough
Keywords: ALCOHOL REDUCTION/BLOOD-PRESSURE/CORONARY HEART
   DISEASE/HYPERTENSION/INCREASED                                       EXERCISE/MILD
   HYPERTENSION/MORBIDITY/MORTALITY/OBESITY/PRIMARY
   PREVENTION           TRIALS/RISK          PROFILE/SALT         RESTRICTION/SERUM
   LIPIDS/SMOKING
Lindpaintner, K., Takahashi, S. and Ganten, D. (1990), Structural Alterations of the
   Renin Gene in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats - Examination of
   Genotype- Phenotype Correlations. Journal of Hypertension, 8 (8), 763-773
Keywords: HYPERTENSION
Kobayashi, M., Morishita, H., Sugiyama, N., Yokochi, K., Nakano, M., Wada, Y.,
   Hotta, Y., Terauchi, A. and Nonaka, I. (1986), Mitochondrial Myopathy,
   Encephalopathy, Lactic-Acidosis and Stroke-Like Episodes Syndrome and
   Nadh-Coq Reductase Deficiency. Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease, 9 (3),
   301-304
Maertens, P., Richardson, R., Bastian, F., Williams, J.P. and Hommes, F. (1988), A
   New Type of Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathy with Stroke-Like Episodes Due to
   Cytochrome-Oxidase Deficiency. Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease, 11
   186-188
Sandset, P.M. and Andersson, T.R. (1989), Coagulation Inhibitor Levels in Pneumonia
   and Stroke - Changes Due to Consumption and Acute Phase Reaction. Journal of
   Internal Medicine, 225 (5), 311-316
Janzon, L., Bergqvist, D., Boberg, J., Boberg, M., Eriksson, I., Lindgarde, F. and
   Persson, G. (1990), Prevention of Myocardial-Infarction and Stroke in Patients with
   Intermittent Claudication - Effects of Ticlopidine - Results from Stims, the
   Swedish-Ticlopidine-Multicenter-Study. Journal of Internal Medicine, 227 (5),
   301-308
Keywords: COMMUNITY
Olsson, T. (1990), Urinary Free Cortisol Excretion Shortly After Ischemic Stroke.
   Journal of Internal Medicine, 228 (2), 177-181
Britton, M. and Carlsson, A. (1990), Very High Blood-Pressure in Acute Stroke.
   Journal of Internal Medicine, 228 (6), 611-615.
Abstract: In a study sample consisting of 388 unselected, consecutive acute stroke
   patients, 27 with systolic blood pressure-greater- than-or-equal-to-200 mmHg and
   diastolic blood pressure-greater- than-or-equal-to-115 mmHg were compared with
   the other 361 patients. The patients with high blood pressure were younger (65 vs. 73
   years) and much more often had a history of hypertension (78 vs. 42%). Cardiac and
   vascular hypertensive manifestations were more frequent, particularly when only
   those patients with a history of hypertension were compared in the two groups.
   Alcohol abuse was mentioned in a higher proportion of hypertensives in the
   summaries of their medical records. No definite conclusions could be drawn with
   regard to the size and location of the brain lesions. Clinical symptoms did not differ
   between the groups, neither did the proportion of patients who could be discharged
   from hospital immediately. Mortality was higher in the high blood pressure group
   (30 vs. 14%, P < 0.05). Thus the characteristics of patients with very high blood
   pressure were: younger age, much more frequent and severe previous hypertension.
   Alcohol abuse might be an important factor. The type, size and location of the brain
   lesion itself could not be statistically related to the high blood pressure, but very
   large lesions, particularly haemorrhages, might be associated with a reactive blood
   pressure response
Keywords:                                  HIGH                                   BLOOD
   PRESSURE/HYPERTENSION/MANAGEMENT/STROKE
Alharthi, S.S., Karrar, O., Almashhadani, S.A. and Saddique, A.A. (1990), Metabolite
   and Hormonal Profiles in Heat-Stroke Patients at Mecca Pilgrimage. Journal of
   Internal Medicine, 228 (4), 343-346
Wakuri, Y., Hamatake, T. and Soejima, M. (1989), The Improvement of Load
   Carrying-Capacity of A Crosshead-Pin Bearing in A 2-Stroke Cycle Engine by
   Elliptical Bearing. Journal of Japanese Society of Tribologists, 34 (8), 602-608
Simner, M.L. (1984), Predicting School Readiness from Stroke Directions in Childrens
   Printing. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 17 (7), 397-399
Furuichi, H. (1988), Plastically Deformed Area in Alpha-Brass Cut with One Stroke and
   Related Phenomena. Journal of Materials Science Letters, 7 (11), 1169-1171
Yang, B., Datseris, P., Datta, U. and Kowalski, J. (1990), An Integrated System for
   Design of Mechanisms by An Expert System Domes - Theory. Journal of
   Mechanical Design, 112 (4), 488-493.
Abstract: Methodologies have been developed and implemented in LISP and OPS-5
   languages which address type synthesis of mechanisms. Graph theory and separation
   of structure from function concepts have been integrated into an expert system called
   DOMES (Design Of Mechanism by an Expert System) to effectively implement the
   following three activities: (1) enumeration of all nonisomorphic labelled graphs; (2)
   identification of those graphs which satisfy structural constraints; (3) sketching of a
   mechanism corresponding to a given graph. Developed theories and algorithms are
   applied to a Robot Gripper design [19] and a Variable Stroke Piston Engine design
   [16]. The results from these two applications indicate that the automated techniques
   effectively identify all previously obtained solutions via manual techniques.
   Additional solutions are also identified and several errors of the manual process are
   detected. The developed methodologies and software appear to perform a complete
   and unbiased search of all possible candidate designs and are not prone to the errors
   of the manual process. Other important features of DOMES are: (1) it can learn and
   reason, by analogy, about a new design problem based on its experience of the
   problems previously solved by the system; (2) it has the capability to incrementally
   expand its knowledge base of rejection criteria by converting into LISP code
   information obtained through a query-based interactive session with a human
   designer; (3) it can select the set of rejection criteria relevant to a design problem
   from its knowledge base of rejection criteria. These procedures could become a
   powerful tool for design engineers, especially at the conceptual stage of design
Keywords: DESIGN/MECHANICAL/NEW-YORK
Freudenstein, F. and Maki, E.R. (1983), Development of An Optimum Variable-Stroke
   Internal-Combustion Engine Mechanism from the Viewpoint of Kinematic Structure.
   Journal of Mechanisms Transmissions and Automation in Design- Transactions of
   the Asme, 105 (2), 259-266
Freudenstein, F. and Maki, E.R. (1984), Kinematic Structure of Mechanisms for Fixed
   and Variable-Stroke Axial-Piston Reciprocating Machines. Journal of Mechanisms
   Transmissions and Automation in Design- Transactions of the Asme, 106 (3),
   355-364
Ehlert, R.E. and Schmidt, H.D. (1982), An Experimental Evaluation of Impedance
   Cardiographic and Electromagnetic Measurements of Stroke Volumes. Journal of
   Medical Engineering & Technology, 6 (5), 193-200
Dormehl, I.C., Bosman, H., Hugo, N., Maree, M., Vanvuuren, C., Vanzandwyk, C.,
   Vanaswegen, A. and Paterson, L. (1987), Comparative Radionuclide and
   Thermodilution Determinations of Cardiac-Output and Stroke Volume in the Baboon
   (Papio-Ursinus). Journal of Medical Primatology, 16 (3), 139-150
Thompson, S.B.N. (1987), A Microcomputer-Based Assessment Battery, Data File
   Handling and Data-Retrieval System for the Forward Planning of Treatment for
   Adult Stroke Patients. Journal of Microcomputer Applications, 10 (2), 127-135
Cofrancesco, E.M. (1985), The Effect of Music-Therapy on Hand-Grasp Strength and
   Functional Task-Performance in Stroke Patients. Journal of Music Therapy, 22 (3),
   129-145
Sarno, M.T., Buonaguro, A. and Levita, E. (1985), Gender and Recovery from Aphasia
   After Stroke. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 173 (10), 605-609
Harrison, M.J.G. and Ellam, L.D. (1981), Role of 5Ht in the Morbidity of Cerebral
   Infarction - A Study in the Gerbil Stroke Model. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery
   and Psychiatry, 44 (2), 140-143
Eslinger, P.J. and Damasio, A.R. (1981), Age and Type of Aphasia in Patients with
   Stroke. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 44 (5), 377-381
Bartolini, A. (1982), Relationships Between Perfusion Defects and Static Brain-Scan
   Positivity in Patients with Ischemic Completed Stroke - Considerations About the
   Origin of the Increased Uptake. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry,
   45 (2), 102-106
Ladurner, G., Iliff, L.D. and Lechner, H. (1982), Clinical Factors Associated with
   Dementia in Ischemic Stroke. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry,
   45 (2), 97-101
Skilbeck, C.E., Wade, D.T., Hewer, R.L. and Wood, V.A. (1983), Recovery After
   Stroke. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 46 (1), 5-8
Pickersgill, M.J. and Lincoln, N.B. (1983), Prognostic Indicators and the Pattern of
   Recovery of Communication in Aphasic Stroke Patients. Journal of Neurology
   Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 46 (2), 130-139
Liu, J., Tuhrim, S., Weinberger, J., Song, S.K. and Anderson, P.J. (1983), Premonitory
   Symptoms of Stroke in Evolution to the Locked-in State. Journal of Neurology
   Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 46 (3), 221-226
Wade, D.T., Langtonhewer, R., Wood, V.A., Skilbeck, C.E. and Ismail, H.M. (1983),
   The Hemiplegic Arm After Stroke - Measurement and Recovery. Journal of
   Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 46 (6), 521-524
Sinatra, M.G., Boeri, R., Delton, F., Fornari, M., Musicco, M. and Girotti, F. (1984),
   Neuropsychological Evaluation in Transient Ischemic Attack and Minor Stroke.
   Journal of Neurology, 231 (4), 194-197
Hay, E., Royds, J.A., Daviesjones, G.A.B., Lewtas, N.A., Timperley, W.R. and Taylor,
   C.B. (1984), Cerebrospinal-Fluid Enolase in Stroke. Journal of Neurology
   Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 47 (7), 724-729
Laas, R. (1984), Common Carotid-Artery Stump Pressure in the Gerbil Stroke Model.
   Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 47 (4), 365-371
Allen, C.M.C. (1984), Predicting the Outcome of Acute Stroke - A Prognostic Score.
   Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 47 (5), 475-480
Wade, D.T., Wood, V.A. and Hewer, R.L. (1985), Recovery After Stroke - the 1St 3
   Months. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 48 (1), 7-13
Lendrem, W. and Lincoln, N.B. (1985), Spontaneous-Recovery of Language in Patients
   with Aphasia Between 4 and 34 Weeks After Stroke. Journal of Neurology
   Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 48 (8), 743-748
Poole, C.J.M. and Russell, R.W.R. (1985), Mortality and Stroke After Amaurosis Fugax.
   Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 48 (9), 902-905
Henley, S., Pettit, S., Toddpokropek, A. and Tupper, A. (1985), Who Goes Home -
   Predictive Factors in Stroke Recovery. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and
   Psychiatry, 48 (1), 1-6
Hiltonjones, D. and Warlow, C.P. (1985), The Causes of Stroke in the Young. Journal
   of Neurology, 232 (3), 137-143
Mukoyama, M., Kazui, H., Sunohara, N., Yoshida, M., Nonaka, I. and Satoyoshi, E.
   (1986), Mitochondrial Myopathy, Encephalopathy, Lactic-Acidosis, and Stroke-Like
   Episodes with Acanthocytosis - A Clinicopathological Study of A Unique Case.
   Journal of Neurology, 233 (4), 228-232
Wade, D.T., Hewer, R.L., David, R.M. and Enderby, P.M. (1986), Aphasia After Stroke
   - Natural-History and Associated Deficits. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and
   Psychiatry, 49 (1), 11-16
Henrich, J.B., Sandercock, P.A.G., Warlow, C.P. and Jones, L.N. (1986), Stroke and
   Migraine in the Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project. Journal of Neurology, 233
   (5), 257-262
Korber, N., Schneider, R. and Brockmann, M. (1986), Circulatory Parameters of the
   Retina in Patients with Lacunar Stroke. Journal of Neurology, 233 (1), 30-33
Hartmann, A., Tsuda, Y. and Lagreze, H. (1987), Effect of Hypervolemic Hemodilution
   of Regional Cerebral Blood- Flow in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke - A
   Controlled- Study with Hydroxyethylstarch. Journal of Neurology, 235 (1), 34-38
Huang, C.Y., Woo, E., Yu, Y.L. and Chan, F.L. (1987), When Is Sensorimotor Stroke A
   Lacunar Syndrome. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 50 (6),
   720-726
Leghsmith, J.A., Denis, R., Enderby, P.M., Wade, D.T. and Langtonhewer, R. (1987),
   Selection of Aphasic Stroke Patients for Intensive Speech- Therapy. Journal of
   Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 50 (11), 1488-1492
Heller, A., Wade, D.T., Wood, V.A., Sunderland, A., Hewer, R.L. and Ward, E. (1987),
   Arm Function After Stroke - Measurement and Recovery Over the 1St 3 Months.
   Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 50 (6), 714-719
Wade, D.T. and Hewer, R.L. (1987), Functional Abilities After Stroke - Measurement,
   Natural- History and Prognosis. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry,
   50 (2), 177-182
Wade, D.T., Wood, V.A. and Hewer, R.L. (1988), Recovery of Cognitive Function
   Soon After Stroke - A Study of Visual Neglect, Attention Span and Verbal Recall.
   Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 51 (1), 10-13
Vallar, G., Perani, D., Cappa, S.F., Messa, C., Lenzi, G.L. and Fazio, F. (1988),
   Recovery from Aphasia and Neglect After Subcortical Stroke - Neuropsychological
   and Cerebral Perfusion Study. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry,
   51 (10), 1269-1276
Brown, R.A., Lawson, D.A., Leslie, G.C., Macarthur, A., Maclennan, W.J., Mcmurdo,
   M.E.T., Mutch, W.J. and Part, N.J. (1988), Does the Wartenberg Pendulum Test
   Differentiate Quantitatively Between Spasticity and Rigidity - A Study in Elderly
   Stroke and Parkinson Patients. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry,
   51 (9), 1178-1186
Bamford, J., Sandercock, P., Dennis, M., Warlow, C., Jones, L., Mcpherson, K., Vessey,
   M., Fowler, G., Molyneux, A., Hughes, T., Burn, J. and Wade, D. (1988), A
   Prospective-Study of Acute Cerebrovascular-Disease in the Community - the
   Oxfordshire-Community-Stroke-Project 1981-86 .1. Methodology, Demography and
   Incident Cases of 1St-Ever Stroke. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and
   Psychiatry, 51 (11), 1373-1380
Lincoln, N.B., Blackburn, M., Ellis, S., Jackson, J., Edmans, J.A., Nouri, F.M., Walrer,
   M.F. and Haworth, H. (1989), An Investigation of Factors Affecting Progress of
   Patients on A Stroke Unit. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 52
   (4), 493-496
Spitzer, K., Becker, V., Thie, A. and Kunze, K. (1989), The
   Hamburg-Stroke-Data-Bank - Goals, Design and Preliminary- Results. Journal of
   Neurology, 236 (3), 139-144
Ferreiro, J.A., Ansbacher, L.E. and Vinters, H.V. (1989), Stroke Related to Cerebral
   Amyloid Angiopathy - the Significance of Systemic Vascular-Disease. Journal of
   Neurology, 236 (5), 267-272
Barer, D.H. (1989), The Natural-History and Functional Consequences of Dysphagia
   After Hemispheric Stroke. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 52
   (2), 236-241
Bozzao, L., Fantozzi, L.M., Bastianello, S., Bozzao, A., Argentino, C., Lenzi, G.L. and
   Fieschi, C. (1989), Ischemic Supratentorial Stroke - Angiographic Findings in
   Patients Examined in the Very Early Phase. Journal of Neurology, 236 (6), 340-342
Zeman, B.D. and Yiannikas, C. (1989), Functional Prognosis in Stroke - Use of
   Somatosensory Evoked- Potentials. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and
   Psychiatry, 52 (2), 242-247
Sunderland, A., Tinson, D., Bradley, L. and Hewer, R.L. (1989), Arm Function After
   Stroke - An Evaluation of Grip Strength As A Measure of Recovery and A
   Prognostic Indicator. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 52 (11),
   1267-1272
Lincoln, N.B., Jackson, J.M., Edmans, J.A., Walker, M.F., Farrow, V.M., Latham, A.
   and Coombes, K. (1990), The Accuracy of Predictions About Progress of Patients on
   A Stroke Unit. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 53 (11), 972-975
Keywords: BRITISH
House, A., Dennis, M., Mogridge, L., Hawton, K. and Warlow, C. (1990), Life Events
   and Difficulties Preceding Stroke. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and
   Psychiatry, 53 (12), 1024-1028.
Abstract: Life events and difficulties were recorded for the year before stroke, using a
   standardised semi-structured interview, in 113 surviving patients seen after their first
   ever in a lifetime stroke. An age and sex-matched control group (n = 109) was also
   interviewed about the preceding year. The stroke patients reported fewer
   non-threatening events and events with only a short-term threat, while difficulties
   were reported with equal frequency by the two groups. However, events which were
   severely threatening in the long-term were significantly more common in the stroke
   patients (in the 52 weeks before stroke 26% versus 13%, odds ratio 2.3, 95%
   confidence interval 1.1- 4.9). The increased rate was apparent throughout the year
   and not just in the weeks immediately before stroke onset. The number of stroke
   patients experiencing severe events in the follow up year fell to the level found in the
   control group. Recognised risk factors for stroke were found equally in those patients
   with and without severe events before onset, except that hypertension was rather less
   common in the patients who had experienced a severe event. It therefore appears that
   severe life events may be one of the determinants of stroke onset
Keywords: BRITISH/CEREBROVASCULAR-DISEASE/COMMUNITY/PHYSICAL
   ILLNESS/STRESS/SUDDEN
Collin, C. and Wade, D. (1990), Assessing Motor Impairment After Stroke - A Pilot
   Reliability Study. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 53 (7),
   576-579
Strong, A.J., Fairfield, J.E., Monteiro, E., Kirby, M., Hogg, A.R., Snape, M. and
   Rossfield, L. (1990), Insulin Protects Cognitive Function in Experimental Stroke.
   Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 53 (10), 847-853
Keywords: BRITISH
Bamford, J., Sandercock, P., Dennis, M., Burn, J. and Warlow, C. (1990), A
   Prospective-Study of Acute Cerebrovascular-Disease in the Community - the
   Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project 1981-86 .2. Incidence, Case Fatality Rates
   and Overall Outcome at One Year of Cerebral Infarction, Primary Intracerebral and
   Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 53
   (1), 16-22
Bamford, J., Dennis, M., Sandercock, P., Burn, J. and Warlow, C. (1990), The
   Frequency, Causes and Timing of Death Within 30 Days of A 1St Stroke - the
   Oxfordshire-Community-Stroke-Project. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and
   Psychiatry, 53 (10), 824-829
Kappelle, L.J., Vanhuffelen, A.C. and Vangijn, J. (1990), Is the Eeg Really Normal in
   Lacunar Stroke. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 53 (1), 63-66
Keywords: BRITISH
Feldmann, M., Voth, E., Dressler, D., Henze, T. and Felgenhauer, K. (1990),
   Tc-99M-Hexamethylpropylene Amine Oxime Spect and X-Ray Ct in Acute
   Cerebral-Ischemia. Journal of Neurology, 237 (8), 475-479.
Abstract: Early diagnosis of acute cerebral ischaemia is still unsatisfactory, because
   X-ray computed tomography (CT) does not reveal the site and extent of
   hypoperfusion within the first 24h. Single photon emission computed tomography
   (SPECT) using (99m)Tc-hexamethyl-propylene amine oxime (HMPAO) may offer
   earlier information, since the distribution of HMPAO follows the actual cerebral
   perfusion pattern. We therefore investigated 53 patients suffering from acute cerebral
   ischaemia (10 with transient ischaemic attacks, 9 with prolonged ischaemic
   reversible neurological deficits, 34 with completed stroke). SPECT and CT
   examinations were performed on days 1, 3, and 14. On day 1, SPECT revealed
   hypoperfused areas in 42 patients, whereas CT showed hypodensities only in 5. The
   sensitivity of SPECT was higher in cortical compared with subcortical ischaemia. In
   patients suffering from reversible neurological deficits SPECT normalized in the
   follow-up, corresponding to clinical improvement. In completed stroke, SPECT
   demonstrated variable perfusion patterns with hypo-, normo-, and hyperperfused
   areas on day 3 and especially on day 14. In contrast to CT, HMPAO SPECT leads to
   early diagnosis of cerebral ischaemia, in particular within the cerebral cortex
Keywords:                              ACUTE                                  CEREBRAL
   ISCHEMIA/ATTACKS/BLOOD-FLOW/CT/HM-PAO/HMPAO/ISCHEMIC
   INFARCTION/METABOLISM/NEW-YORK/SPECT/STROKE/TOMOGRAPHY
Norris, J.W. and Zhu, C.Z. (1990), Stroke Risk and Critical Carotid Stenosis. Journal of
   Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 53 (3), 235-237
Keywords: BRITISH
Wing, A.M., Lough, S., Turton, A., Fraser, C. and Jenner, J.R. (1990), Recovery of
   Elbow Function in Voluntary Positioning of the Hand Following Hemiplegia Due to
   Stroke. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 53 (2), 126-134
Keywords: BRITISH
Dennis, M., Bamford, J., Sandercock, P., Molyneux, A. and Warlow, C. (1990),
   Computed-Tomography in Patients with Transient Ischemic Attacks - When Is A
   Transient Ischemic Attack Not A Transient Ischemic Attack But A Stroke. Journal of
  Neurology, 237 (4), 257-261
Karbe, H., Szelies, B., Herholz, K. and Heiss, W.D. (1990), Impairment of Language Is
  Related to Left Parieto-Temporal Glucose-Metabolism in Aphasic Stroke Patients.
  Journal of Neurology, 237 (1), 19-23
Dominkus, M., Grisold, W. and Jelinek, V. (1990), Transcranial Electrical Motor
  Evoked-Potentials As A Prognostic Indicator for Motor Recovery in Stroke Patients.
  Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 53 (9), 745-748
Larsen, B.H., Sorensen, P.S. and Marquardsen, J. (1990), Transient Ischemic Attacks in
  Young-Patients - A Thromboembolic Or Migrainous Manifestation - A 10 Year
  Follow-Up-Study of 46 Patients. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry,
  53 (12), 1029-1033.
Abstract: Forty six patients aged 18-39 years with transient ischaemic attacks (TIA)
  were studied; two thirds were women. Twenty five patients had attacks accompanied
  by headache, and seven gave a history of common migraine. Only four of 27
  angiograms were abnormal; no operable carotid lesion was demonstrated. Over a
  mean follow up period of 10 years stroke or myocardial infarction (AMI) occurred in
  all four patients who presented major cerebrovascular risk factors, but in only two of
  the remaining 42 patients. Thus irrespective of age thromboembolic TIA is a
  harbinger of stroke or AMI. However, most TIAs under the age of 40 years are
  caused by a non-embolic benign vascular disorder. The clinical characteristics,
  long-term prognosis, and possible pathogenesis, for such attacks are often
  indistinguishable from those of classical migraine. In the absence of cardiovascular
  risk factors, arteriography does not provide much diagnostic and prognostic
  information
Keywords: AGE/AMAUROSIS FUGAX/BLOOD-FLOW/BRITISH/CEREBRAL
  ISCHEMIC
  ATTACKS/CEREBROVASCULAR-DISEASE/HEADACHES/NORMAL
  ANGIOGRAMS/PROGNOSIS/TIA
Sung, C.Y. and Chu, N.S. (1990), Epileptic Seizures in Thrombotic Stroke. Journal of
  Neurology, 237 (3), 166-170
Keywords: NEW-YORK
Castel, J.P., Dartigues, J.F. and Henry, P. (1983), Incidence of the Creation of A Stroke
  Center on the Neuroradiological Demand. Journal of Neuroradiology, 10 (2),
  164-167
Leonardi, M., Michelucci, R., Zanotti, B. and Tassinari, C.A. (1990), Recurrent Strokes
  Produced by Bilateral High Intraforaminal Entering of Vertebral Arteries -
  Case-Report. Journal of Neuroradiology, 17 (3), 212-215.
Abstract: The authors report the case of a patient suffering from frequent vertebral
  ischemic attacks, often triggered by changes in head position and related to high
  intraforaminal entering of both vertebral arteries
Keywords: STROKE/VERTEBRAL ARTERY/VERTEBRAL ISCHEMIC ATTACK
Bassi, S., Albizzati, M.G., Sbacchi, M., Frattola, L. and Massarotti, M. (1984),
  Double-Blind Evaluation of Monosialoganglioside (Gm1) Therapy in Stroke.
  Journal of Neuroscience Research, 12 (2-3), 493-498
Lawner, P.M., Laurent, J.P., Simeone, F.A. and Fink, E.A. (1982), Effect of
  Extracranial-Intracranial Bypass and Pentobarbital on Acute Stroke in Dogs. Journal
  of Neurosurgery, 56 (1), 92-96
Lee, R.G.L., Hill, T.C., Holman, B.L., Royal, H.D., Oleary, D.H. and Clouse, M.E.
  (1984), Predictive Value of Perfusion Defect Size Using N-Isopropyl-(I-
  123)-P-Iodoamphetamine Emission Tomography in Acute Stroke. Journal of
   Neurosurgery, 61 (3), 449-452
Shih, C.J., Lin, M.T. and Tsai, S.H. (1984), Experimental-Study on the Pathogenesis of
   Heat-Stroke. Journal of Neurosurgery, 60 (6), 1246-1252
Miyamoto, S., Kikuchi, H., Karasawa, J. and Kuriyama, Y. (1984), Surgical-Treatment
   for Spontaneous Carotid Dissection with Impending Stroke - Case-Report. Journal of
   Neurosurgery, 61 (2), 382-386
Hayashi, S., Nehls, D.G., Kieck, C.F., Vielma, J., Degirolami, U. and Crowell, R.M.
   (1984), Beneficial-Effects of Induced Hypertension on Experimental Stroke in
   Awake Monkeys. Journal of Neurosurgery, 60 (1), 151-157
Roy, M.W., Dempsey, R.J., Meyer, K.L., Donaldson, D.L., Tibbs, P.A. and Young, A.B.
   (1985), Effects of Verapamil and Diltiazem on Acute Stroke in Cats. Journal of
   Neurosurgery, 63 (6), 929-936
Eller, T.W. (1986), Mri Demonstration of Clot in A Small Unruptured Aneurysm
   Causing Stroke - Case-Report. Journal of Neurosurgery, 65 (3), 411-412
Baskin, D.S., Hosobuchi, Y. and Grevel, J.C. (1986), Treatment of Experimental Stroke
   with Opiate Antagonists - Effects on Neurological Function, Infarct Size, and
   Survival. Journal of Neurosurgery, 64 (1), 99-103
Kissel, P., Chehrazi, B., Seibert, J.A. and Wagner, F.C. (1987), Digital Angiographic
   Quantification of Blood-Flow Dynamics in Embolic Stroke Treated with
   Tissue-Type Plasminogen-Activator. Journal of Neurosurgery, 67 (3), 399-405
Papadopoulos, S.M., Chandler, W.F., Salamat, M.S., Topol, E.J. and Sackellares, J.C.
   (1987), Recombinant Human Tissue-Type Plasminogen-Activator Therapy in Acute
   Thromboembolic Stroke. Journal of Neurosurgery, 67 (3), 394-398
Loftus, C.M., Silvidi, J.A., Bernstein, D.D., Hitchon, P.W. and Kosier, T. (1987),
   Effects of Preexisting Bypass Graft on Rcbf and Sseps Following Acute Stroke in
   Dogs. Journal of Neurosurgery, 67 (3), 421-427
Shimizu, T., Waga, S., Kojima, T. and Niwa, S. (1988), Decompression of the Vertebral
   Artery for Bow-Hunters Stroke - Case-Report. Journal of Neurosurgery, 69 (1),
   127-131
Turner, D.A., Tracy, J. and Haines, S.J. (1990), Risk of Late Stroke and Survival
   Following Carotid Endarterectomy Procedures for Symptomatic Patients. Journal of
   Neurosurgery, 73 (2), 193-200
Purdy, P., White, C.L., Batjer, H., Brewer, K., Hodges, K. and Samson, D. (1990),
   Intracarotid Hydroxyethyl Methacrylate Solution Causing Stroke in Dogs. Journal of
   Neurosurgery, 73 (5), 756-759
Bonte, F.J. and Stokely, E.M. (1981), Single-Photon Tomographic Study of Regional
   Cerebral Blood-Flow After Stroke - Concise Communication. Journal of Nuclear
   Medicine, 22 (12), 1049-1053
Burow, R.D., Wilson, M.F., Heath, P.W., Corn, C.R., Amil, A. and Thadani, U. (1982),
   Influence of Attenuation on Radionuclide Stroke Volume Determinations. Journal of
   Nuclear Medicine, 23 (9), 781-785
Mountz, J.M., Modell, J.G., Foster, N.L., Dupree, E.S., Ackermann, R.J., Petry, N.A.,
   Bluemlein, L.E. and Kuhl, D.E. (1990), Prognostication of Recovery Following
   Stroke Using the Comparison of Ct and Technetium-99M Hm-Pao Spect. Journal of
   Nuclear Medicine, 31 (1), 61-66
Keywords: MEDICINE
Grunwald, F., Zierz, S., Broich, K., Schumacher, S., Bockisch, A. and Biersack, H.J.
   (1990), Hmpao-Spect Imaging Resembling Alzheimer-Type Dementia in
   Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathy with Lactic-Acidosis and Stroke-Like Episodes
   (Melas). Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 31 (10), 1740-1742
Seitz, C.H. and Edwardson, S.R. (1987), Nursing-Care Costs for Stroke Patients in A
   Rehabilitation Setting. Journal of Nursing Administration, 17 (6), 17-22
Koganemaru, S. and Kuramoto, A. (1982), The Effect of Vitamin-e on Platelet Kinetics
   of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (Shrsp). Journal of Nutritional
   Science and Vitaminology, 28 (1), 1-10
Ikeda, K., Mochizuki, S., Nara, Y., Horie, R. and Yamori, Y. (1987), Effect of Milk
   Protein and Fat Intake on Blood-Pressure and the Incidence of Cerebrovascular
   Diseases in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (Shrsp). Journal of
   Nutritional Science and Vitaminology, 33 (1), 31-36
Crosson, C.E., Willis, J.A. and Potter, D.E. (1990), Effect of the Calcium-Antagonist,
   Nifedipine, on Ischemic Retinal Dysfunction. Journal of Ocular Pharmacology, 6 (4),
   293-299.
Abstract: The therapeutic effectiveness of calcium channel antagonists (CCA) in
   hypertension and angina are well established. More recently, CCAs have also been
   demonstrated to ameliorate neurologic dysfunction that often accompanies ischemia
   associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage and stroke. We have hypothesized that
   retinal degeneration associated with ischemia may also result from the accumulation
   of calcium intracellularly, so-called "Ca++ overload". To test this hypothesis, a rat
   model of acute retinal ischemia, produced by direct occlusion of posterior ciliary and
   central retinal arteries, was developed. The extent of retinal dysfunction induced by
   ischemia was evaluated by electroretinograms (ERGs). Occlusion of the retinal
   arteries resulted in the disappearance ob both a- and b-waves during the occlusion
   period (30 minutes) in vehicle-treated rats. Total retinal ischemia did not produce any
   significant change in magnitude of ERG a-wave amplitude during three-hours of
   reperfusion. However, ERG b- waves amplitudes were significantly reduced by more
   than 60%. In rats, pretreatment with nifedipine (0.33 to 3.3 mg/kg, i.p.) 30 minutes
   prior to the occlusion of the retinal vessels produced a significant dose-dependent
   increase in the recovery of b-wave amplitude when compared to vehicle-treated rats.
   These data support the idea that "Ca++ overload", resulting from the deregulation of
   intracellular Ca++ homeostasis, is a primary factor involved in ischemic retinal
   degeneration and that CCAs can protect the retina from ischemic damage
Keywords: TEXAS
Anim, J.T. and Kofi, A.D. (1984), Hypertension, Cerebral Vascular Changes and Stroke
   in Ghana .1. Microaneurysm Formation and Stroke. Journal of Pathology, 143 (3),
   177-182
Mannino, F.L. and Trauner, D.A. (1983), Stroke in Neonates. Journal of Pediatrics, 102
   (4), 605-610
Heidenreich, R., Natowicz, M., Hainline, B.E., Berman, P., Kelley, R.I., Hillman, R.E.
   and Berry, G.T. (1988), Acute Extrapyramidal Syndrome in Methylmalonic
   Acidemia - Metabolic Stroke Involving the Globus Pallidus. Journal of Pediatrics,
   113 (6), 1022-1027
Shortland, D.B., Levene, M., Archer, N., Shaw, D. and Evans, D. (1990), Cerebral
   Blood-Flow Velocity Recordings and the Prediction of Intracranial Hemorrhage and
   Ischemia. Journal of Perinatal Medicine, 18 (6), 411-417.
Abstract: Doppler ultrasound was used to study prospectively cerebral and
   cardiovascular haemodiynamics in a cohort of 120 preterm infants to see whether it
   was possible to predict infants at increased risk of developing cerebral pathology.
   The infants were divided into four outcome groups: Group I (n = 65, median
   gestation = 30 weeks) did not develop periventricular haemorrhage (PVH) nor
   periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) Group II (n - 43, median gestation = 28 weeks)
  developed PVH as the first or only cerebral lesion Group III (n = 7, median gestation
  = 29 weeks) developed PVL as the first or only cerebral lesion Group IV (n = 5,
  median gestation = 28 weeks) developed PVH and PVL simultaneously. Cerebral
  blood flow velocity (CBFV) and aorta blood flow velocity (ABFV) recordings made
  before the onset of PVH or PVL were compared between the four groups on each
  postnatal day but it was not possible to demonstrate a statistically significant
  difference between these variables in the four outcome groups. We conclude,
  therefore, that it is not possible to identify the infants who will go on to develop
  haemorrhage or ischemic lesions on the basis of Doppler cerebral haemodynamic
  studies
Keywords: BEAGLE PUPPY MODEL/BIRTH-WEIGHT INFANTS/BLOOD FLOW
  VELOCITY/CHILD/DOPPLER/INTRAVENTRICULAR
  HEMORRHAGE/NEWBORN/PERIVENTRICULAR                          HEMORRHAGE             AND
  PERIVENTRICULAR                              LUKOMALACIA/PERIVENTRICULAR
  LEUCOMALACIA/PREDICTION/PRETERM
  INFANTS/RESPIRATORY-DISTRESS                                   SYNDROME/STROKE
  VOLUME/ULTRASOUND
Yamashita, K., Ohta, H., Uchida, S., Shigematsu, K., Ohkubo, T., Niwa, M. and Ozaki,
  M. (1990), Systemic Effects of Carteolol, A Beta-Adrenoceptor Antagonist in
  Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Pharmacobio-Dynamics,
  13 (1), 64-69
Keywords: JAPAN
Kang, Y.S., Terasaki, T. and Tsuji, A. (1990), Dysfunction of Choline
  Transport-System Through Blood-Brain- Barrier in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
  Hypertensive Rats. Journal of Pharmacobio-Dynamics, 13 (1), 10-19
Miyata, N., Tsuchida, K., Tanaka, M. and Otomo, S. (1990), Impairment of
  Endothelium-Dependent Relaxation and Changes in Levels of Cyclic-Gmp in
  Carotid Arteries from Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of
  Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 42 (11), 763-766
Guz, A., Innes, J.A. and Murphy, K. (1987), Respiratory Modulation of
  Left-Ventricular Stroke Volume in Man Measured Using Pulsed Doppler Ultrasound.
  Journal of Physiology-London, 393 499-512
Morton, M.J., Pinson, C.W. and Thornburg, K.L. (1987), Inutero Ventilation with
  Oxygen Augments Left-Ventricular Stroke Volume in Lambs. Journal of
  Physiology-London, 383 413-424
Pang, S.F., Li, Y., Jiang, D.H., Chang, B.S. and Xie, B.L. (1990), Acute
  Cerebral-Hemorrhage Changes the Nocturnal Surge of Plasma Melatonin in Humans.
  Journal of Pineal Research, 9 (3), 193-208.
Abstract: The diurnal rhythm of plasma melatonin was studied in 46 Chinese patients
  with acute cerebral hemorrhage. The state of consciousness of each patient was
  assessed clinically. The individual sites of lesion were determined by computerized
  tomography scanning. One to five days after stroke, blood samples were collected by
  venipuncture at 1000 and 1400 h in the daytime and 0200 and 0400 h at night.
  Plasma melatonin was extracted by dichloromethane and determined by
  radioimmunoassay. It was found that patients with lesions in the brain stem or in the
  third and lateral ventricles had melatonin levels significantly different from the other
  subjects in that these values were lower and lacking a nocturnal rise. These results
  are consistent with the presumptive retina-pineal pathway proposed in humans.
  Dramatic blunting or obliteration of the nocturnal melatonin surge in the blood was
  also observed in some patients with lesions in the frontal lobe, fronto-parietal lobe,
   parieto-temporal lobe, and basal ganglia. These brain regions are not involved in the
   retina-pineal pathway described in rodents or humans. Thus, our results suggest that
   brain regions other than the presumptive retina-pineal neural pathway may play an
   important role in the generation and/or regulation of the diurnal production and/or
   secretion of pineal melatonin in humans. However, a global functional disturbance
   caused by cerebral hemorrhage cannot be ruled out in some cases. It should be noted
   that many of the lesions leading to a change in the nocturnal rise of plasma melatonin
   were unilateral lesions. The significance of this finding is presently unkown. In
   addition, patients without a nocturnal rise of plasma melatonin were mostly comatose.
   They had lesions in the basal ganglion, fronto-parietal lobe, brain stem, and lateral
   and third ventricles. The latter findings suggest that in the brain, certain regions
   responsible for the state of consciousness of the individual may also be important to
   the diurnal rhythm of pineal melatonin secretion
Keywords:             6-HYDROXYMELATONIN/BASAL                        GANGLIA/BRAIN
   STEM/CIRCADIAN-RHYTHMS/COPENHAGEN/DIURNAL
   RHYTHM/EXCRETION/HYPOTHALAMUS/LESIONS/LIGHT/PINEAL/PINEAL
   -GLAND/RADIOIMMUNOASSAY/SERUM MELATONIN/SPINAL-CORD
Sjogren, K. and Fuglmeyer, A.R. (1982), Adjustment to Life After Stroke with Special
   Reference to Sexual Intercourse and Leisure. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 26
   (4), 409-417
Grossarthmaticek, R., Bastiaans, J. and Kanazir, D.T. (1985), Psychosocial Factors As
   Strong Predictors of Mortality from Cancer, Ischemic Heart-Disease and Stroke - the
   Yugoslav Prospective-Study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 29 (2), 167-176
Raderstorf, M., Hein, D.M. and Jencsen, C.S. (1984), A Young Stroke Patient with
   Severe Aphasia Returns to Work - A Team-Approach. Journal of Rehabilitation, 50
   (1), 23-26
Casas, M.S. (1989), Experience in Coping with Stroke - A Survey of Caregivers.
   Journal of Rehabilitation, 55 (4), 37-43
Hurwitz, A., Milwidsky, A., Medina, A. and Yagel, S. (1985), Failure of Continuous
   Intravenous Heparinization to Prevent Stroke in A Pregnant Woman with A
   Prosthetic Valve and Atrial- Fibrillation - A Case-Report. Journal of Reproductive
   Medicine, 30 (8), 618-620
Benson, M.D. and Rebar, R.W. (1986), Relationship of Migraine Headache and Stroke
   to Oral- Contraceptive Use. Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 31 (12), 1082-1088
Wilson, J.J., Zahn, C.A., Ross, S.D. and Newman, H. (1986), Association of Embolic
   Stroke in Pregnancy with the Lupus Anticoagulant - A Case-Report. Journal of
   Reproductive Medicine, 31 (8), 725-728
Prupas, H.M. (1984), Stroke-Like Syndrome After Gold Sodium Thiomalate Induced
   Vasomotor Reaction. Journal of Rheumatology, 11 (2), 235-236
Leiner, D. (1985), Helping the Young Stroke Victim. Journal of School Health, 55 (7),
   281-282
Jones, A.D. and Brown, G.L. (1982), Determination of 2-Stroke Engine Exhaust Noise
   by the Method of Characteristics. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 82 (3), 305-327
Holland, A.L., Greenhouse, J.B., Fromm, D. and Swindell, C.S. (1989), Predictors of
   Language Restitution Following Stroke - A Multivariate-Analysis. Journal of Speech
   and Hearing Research, 32 (2), 232-238
Bayles, K.A., Boone, D.R., Tomoeda, C.K., Slauson, T.J. and Kaszniak, A.W. (1989),
   Differentiating Alzheimers Patients from the Normal Elderly and Stroke Patients
   with Aphasia. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 54 (1), 74-87
Bayles, K.A. and Tomoeda, C.K. (1990), Delayed Recall Deficits in Aphasic Stroke
   Patients - Evidence of Alzheimers Dementia. Journal of Speech and Hearing
   Disorders, 55 (2), 310-314
Rodriguez, R.J., Rogriguez, R.P., Cook, S.D. and Sandborn, P.M. (1990),
   Electromyographic Analysis of Rowing Stroke Biomechanics. Journal of Sports
   Medicine and Physical Fitness, 30 (1), 103-108
Cohen, A.H. and Soden, R. (1981), An Optometric Approach to the Rehabilitation of
   the Stroke Patient. Journal of the American Optometric Association, 52 (10),
   795-800
Howell, T.H. (1981), Multiple Lesions in Stroke Patients - A Study in Morbid Anatomy.
   Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 29 (6), 246-250
Cressman, M.D. and Gifford, R.W. (1983), Hypertension and Stroke. Journal of the
   American College of Cardiology, 1 (2), 521-527
Posner, J.D., Gorman, K.M. and Woldow, A. (1984), Stroke in the Elderly .1.
   Epidemiology. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 32 (2), 95-102
Kligfield, P., Okin, P., Devereux, R.B., Goldberg, H. and Borer, J.S. (1984), Duration of
   Ejection in Aortic-Stenosis - Effect of Stroke Volume and Pressure-Gradient.
   Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 3 (1), 157-161
Herman, J.M., Culpepper, L. and Franks, P. (1984), Patterns of Utilization, Disposition,
   and Length of Stay Among Stroke Patients in A Community-Hospital Setting.
   Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 32 (6), 421-426
Brocklehurst, J.C., Andrews, K., Richards, B. and Laycock, P.J. (1985), Incidence and
   Correlates of Incontinence in Stroke Patients. Journal of the American Geriatrics
   Society, 33 (8), 540-542
Gardin, J.M., Tobis, J.M., Dabestani, A., Smith, C., Elkayam, U., Castleman, E., White,
   D., Allfie, A. and Henry, W.L. (1985), Superiority of Two-Dimensional
   Measurement of Aortic Vessel Diameter in Doppler Echocardiographic Estimates of
   Left- Ventricular Stroke Volume. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 6
   (1), 66-74
Kelly, J.F. and Winograd, C.H. (1985), A Functional-Approach to Stroke Management
   in Elderly Patients. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 33 (1), 48-60
Verghese, A. and Sugar, A.M. (1986), Herpes-Zoster Ophthalmicus and
   Granulomatous-Angiitis - An Ill- Appreciated Cause of Stroke. Journal of the
   American Geriatrics Society, 34 (4), 309-312
Martin, W.H., Coyle, E.F., Bloomfield, S.A. and Ehsani, A.A. (1986), Effects of
   Physical Deconditioning After Intense Endurance Training on Left-Ventricular
   Dimensions and Stroke Volume. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 7
   (5), 982-989
Silliman, R.A., Fletcher, R.H., Earp, J.L. and Wagner, E.H. (1986), Families of Elderly
   Stroke Patients - Effects of Home Care. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society,
   34 (9), 643-648
Ueda, K., Fujii, I., Kawano, H., Hasuo, Y., Yanai, T., Kiyohara, Y., Wada, J., Kato, I.,
   Omae, T. and Fujishima, M. (1987), Severe Disability Related to Cerebral Stroke -
   Incidence and Risk-Factors Observed in A Japanese Community, Hisayama. Journal
   of the American Geriatrics Society , 35 (7), 616-622
Bouchard, A., Blumlein, S., Schiller, N.B., Schlitt, S., Byrd, B.F., Ports, T. and
   Chatterjee, K. (1987), Measurement of Left-Ventricular Stroke Volume Using
   Continuous Wave Doppler Echocardiography of the Ascending Aorta and M-Mode
   Echocardiography of the Aortic-Valve. Journal of the American College of
   Cardiology, 9 (1), 75-83
Cyran, S.E., James, F.W., Daniels, S., Mays, W., Shukla, R. and Kaplan, S. (1988),
  Comparison of the Cardiac-Output and Stroke Volume Response to Upright Exercise
  in Children with Valvular and Subvalvular Aortic-Stenosis. Journal of the American
  College of Cardiology, 11 (3), 651-658
Kelbaek, H., Aldershvile, J., Svendsen, J.H., Folke, K., Nielsen, S.L. and Munck, O.
  (1988), Combined 1St Pass and Equilibrium Radionuclide Cardiographic
  Determination of Stroke Volume for Quantitation of Valvular Regurgitation. Journal
  of the American College of Cardiology, 11 (4), 769-773
Bowman, L.K., Lee, F.A., Jaffe, C.C., Mattera, J., Wackers, F.J.T. and Zaret, B.L.
  (1988), Peak Filling Rate Normalized to Mitral Stroke Volume - A New Doppler
  Echocardiographic Filling Index Validated by Radionuclide Angiographic
  Techniques. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 12 (4), 937-943
Axelsson, K., Asplund, K., Norberg, A. and Eriksson, S. (1989), Eating Problems and
  Nutritional-Status During Hospital Stay of Patients with Severe Stroke. Journal of
  the American Dietetic Association, 89 (8), 1092-1096
Sowers, J.R. (1990), Relationship Between Hypertension and Subtle and Overt
  Abnormalities of Carbohydrate-Metabolism. Journal of the American Society of
  Nephrology, 1 (3), S39-S47.
Abstract: In patients with type II diabetes mellitus, the prevalence of hypertension is
  increased as much as two-fold over that in the nondiabetic population. Hypertension
  in diabetic patients increases the risk and accelerates the course of development of
  cardiac disease, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, retinopathy, and nephropathy.
  Despite the importance of hypertension in type II diabetics, the basic mechanisms
  that initiate and sustain hypertension in these patients are poorly understood.
  Contributing factors discussed in this review include the following: obesity, insulin
  resistance, hyperinsulinemia, genetic factors, and abnormalities of cellular cation
  homeostasis. Also discussed are the features of hypertension in type II diabetic
  individuals which are reminiscent of the hemodynamic abnormalities characterizing
  hypertension in the elderly, including increased vascular reactivity and increased
  atherosclerotic vascular disease. Recent evidence has shown that insulin resistance
  and hyperinsulinemia exist in as many as 50 to 70% of adult nonobese individuals
  with untreated hypertension. These observations strongly suggest that the disease
  known as hypertension is characterized by fundamental abnormalities of metabolism
  as well as by hemodynamic alterations. This review discusses the mechanisms by
  which hyperinsulinemia and/or insulin resistance may lead to hypertension. Elevated
  levels of triglycerides in plasma and suppressed high-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  concentrations are often observed in hypertensive individuals. These elevations may
  result, in part, from hyperinsulinemia and/or insulin resistance. Information will be
  presented suggesting that subtle abnormalities of carbohydrate metabolism that exist
  in patients with hypertension may contribute to the accelerated cardiovascular
  disease that accompanies the hypertension state. This review also addresses both
  special concerns about metabolic consequences of antihypertensive therapy in
  hypertensive patients with subtle carbohydrate intolerance as well as those in
  hypertensive patients with overt diabetes
Keywords:                                     ATHEROGENESIS/CARBOHYDRATE
  METABOLISM/CARDIOVASCULAR
  RISK-FACTORS/CHOLESTEROL/DENSITY                                      LIPOPROTEIN
  TRIGLYCERIDE/DEPENDENT
  DIABETES-MELLITUS/DIABETES/ELEVATED
  BLOOD-PRESSURE/HYPERTENSION/INSULIN
  RESISTANCE/KIDNEY-FUNCTION/LIPID-METABOLISM/NATURAL-HISTO
  RY/NEPHROPATHY/NORMOTENSIVE
  DIABETICS/RETINOPATHY/SEP/STATE/TRIGLYCERIDES/WEIGHT-
  REDUCTION
Sprigings, D.C., Chambers, J.B., Cochrane, T., Allen, J. and Jackson, G. (1990),
  Ventricular Stroke Work Loss - Validation of A Method of Quantifying the Severity
  of Aortic-Stenosis and Derivation of An Orifice Formula. Journal of the American
  College of Cardiology, 16 (7), 1608-1614.
Abstract: Because aortic stenosis results in the loss of left ventricular stroke work (due
  to resistance to flow through the valve and turbulence in the aorta), the percentage of
  stroke work that is lost may reflect the severity of stenosis. This index can be
  calculated from pressure data alone. The relation between percent stroke work loss
  and anatomic aortic valve orifice area (measured by planimetry from videotape) was
  investigated in a pulsatile flow mode. Thirteen valves were studied (nine human
  aortic valves obtained at necropsy and four bioprosthetic valves) at stroke volumes of
  40 to 100 ml, giving 57 data points. Valve area ranged from 0.3 to 2.8 cm2 and mean
  systolic pressure gradient from 3 to 84 mm Hg. Percent stroke work loss, calculated
  as mean systolic pressure gradient divided by mean ventricular systolic pressure x
  100%, ranged from 7 to 68%. It was closely related to anatomic orifice area with an
  inverse exponential relation and was not significantly related to flow (r = -0.15). An
  orifice formula was derived that predicted anatomic orifice area with a 95%
  confidence interval of +/- 0.5 cm2 (orifice area [cm2] = 4.82 [2.39 x log percent
  stroke work loss], r = -0.94, SEE = 0.029). These results support the clinical use of
  percent stroke work loss as an easily obtained index of the severity of aortic stenosis
Keywords:                                              AREA/BIOPROSTHESES/FLOW
  EXPERIMENTS/FLUID-MECHANICS/GORLIN
  FORMULA/NEW-YORK/STEADY/VALVE
Ueda, K., Hasuo, Y., Ohmura, T., Kiyohara, Y., Kawano, H., Kato, I., Shinkawa, A.,
  Iwamoto, H., Nakayama, K., Omae, T. and Fujishima, M. (1990), Causes of Death in
  the Elderly and Their Changing Pattern in Hisayama, A Japanese Community -
  Results from A Long-Term and Autopsy-Based Study. Journal of the American
  Geriatrics Society, 38 (12), 1332-1338.
Abstract: The causes of death for the elderly were prospectively studied in Hisayama,
  Japan, a rural community. We compared 1,621 subjects, aged 40 years or over,
  recruited in 1961, and 2,053 subjects recruited in 1974. Each cohort was studied in a
  follow-up that lasted 10 years; they had autopsy rates of 82.1% and 86.1% during
  each 10-year period, respectively. The most common causes of death for those aged
  70 years or over were cerebrovascular disease, malignant neoplasms, and pneumonia.
  Deaths due to cerebrovascular disease tended to decrease in the recent cohort, but the
  proportion of decline was more prominent in cases aged 40 to 69 years. There was a
  sex difference in the changing pattern of mortality from heart diseases including
  ischemic heart disease. Deaths by both heart diseases and ischemic heart disease
  increased in the more recent cohort of aged women, whereas they decreased in the
  aged men. Pneumonia was an important cause of death for the elderly in both cohorts.
  Deaths due to "senility" were rare, being only 1% of the deceased aged 70 or over.
  With prolonged lifespan, especially for women, the impact of atherosclerosis and its
  related disorders on the recent Japanese aged population appears to have increased
Keywords: DECLINE/DISEASE/MORTALITY/RISK-FACTORS/STROKE/TRENDS
Oconnor, C.M., Califf, R.M., Massey, E.W., Mark, D.B., Kereiakes, D.J., Candela, R.J.,
  Abbottsmith, C., George, B., Stack, R.S., Aronson, L., Mantell, S. and Topol, E.J.
  (1990), Stroke and Acute Myocardial-Infarction in the Thrombolytic Era - Clinical
   Correlates and Long-Term Prognosis. Journal of the American College of
   Cardiology, 16 (3), 533-540
Keywords: SEP
Toffol, G.J. (1990), Aspirin and Stroke Prevention - How Much. Journal of the
   American Osteopathic Association, 90 (5), 435-437
Keywords: EAST
Hoit, B.D., Gabel, M. and Fowler, N.O. (1990), Hemodynamic Efficacy of Rapid Saline
   Infusion and Dobutamine Versus Saline Infusion Alone in A Model of Cardiac
   Rupture. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 16 (7), 1745-1749.
Abstract: Despite recent reports describing survival after cardiac rupture, the
   effectiveness of circulatory support while awaiting definitive surgical treatment is
   controversial. To assess the efficacy of volume expansion and pharmacologic support
   in cardiac tamponade due to cardiac rupture, a model of hemorrhagic cardiac
   tamponade was developed and treatment with rapid saline infusion and dobutamine
   was compared with rapid saline infusion alone in 15 closed chest dogs. A right
   ventricular wound of reproducible size was produced by deflating an aortic
   valvuloplasty balloon that had previously been passed by way of the internal jugular
   vein into the pericardial space and through a stab wound in the right ventricular free
   wall. Hemodynamic values were compared at baseline, during tamponade and after a
   rapid infusion (1 liter at 100ml/min) of either saline solution alone or saline solution
   plus dobutamine (20-mu-g/kg per min). Atrial and pericardial pressures increased
   significantly in both groups. Mean arterial pressure, cardiac output and stroke
   volume increased with combined saline and dobutamine infusion to values similar to
   those at baseline (91 +/- 19%, 114 +/- 43% and 94 +/- 37% of baseline, respectively).
   In contrast, saline infusion alone caused a small increase in cardiac output but failed
   to significantly increase mean arterial pressure or stroke volume (76.8 +/- 14.2%, 55
   +/- 18% and 51 +/- 17% of baseline, respectively). Combined rapid infusion of saline
   solution and dobutamine infusion has a more beneficial hemodynamic effect and
   may be more effective than rapid saline infusion alone in resuscitating patients with
   hemorrhagic cardiac tamponade due to cardiac rupture
Keywords:                                                                          ACUTE
   MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION/FEATURES/MANAGEMENT/NEW-YORK/SUB
   ACUTE HEART RUPTURE/TAMPONADE/VENTRICULAR FREE WALL
Katsuura, T. (1981), Alterations of Cardiac-Output, Stroke Volume, and Heart-Rate
   During 3 Hours of Exercise in Different Ambient-Temperatures. Journal of the
   Anthropological Society of Nippon, 89 (3), 351-362
Luft, F.C., Demmert, G., Rohmeiss, P. and Unger, T. (1986), Baroreceptor Reflex
   Effect on Sympathetic-Nerve Activity in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive
   Rats. Journal of the Autonomic Nervous System, 17 (3), 199-209
Head, G.A. and Howe, P.R.C. (1987), Effects of 6-Hydroxydopamine and the Pnmt
   Inhibitor Ly134046 on Pressor-Responses to Stimulation of the Subretrofacial
   Nucleus in Anesthetized Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Journal of
   the Autonomic Nervous System, 18 (3), 213-224
Franks, J.E., Davis, T.R., Totty, R.N., Hardcastle, R.A. and Grove, D.M. (1985),
   Variability of Stroke Direction Between Left-Handed and Right- Handed Writers.
   Journal of the Forensic Science Society, 25 (5), 353-370
Emara, M.K., Moussa, A.A., Abotaha, K. and Saadeh, A.M. (1983), Occurrence of
   Hypertension in Hospitalized-Patients with Acute Stroke. Journal of the Kuwait
   Medical Association, 17 (3), 147-152
Nakano, M., Takeuti, T., Kawasaki, Z. and Takagi, N. (1983), Leader and Return Stroke
   Velocity-Measurements in Lightning from A Tall Chimney. Journal of the
   Meteorological Society of Japan, 61 (3), 339-345
Ahmed, O., Neser, W. and Sharma, R. (1989), Sociodemographic Indicators of Stroke
   Mortality. Journal of the National Medical Association, 81 (6), 653-658
Pollock, M., Nukada, H., Allpress, S., Calder, C. and Mackinnon, M. (1984),
   Peripheral-Nerve Morphometry in Stroke Patients. Journal of the Neurological
   Sciences, 65 (3), 341-352
Fieschi, C., Argentino, C., Lenzi, G.L., Sacchetti, M.L., Toni, D. and Bozzao, L. (1989),
   Clinical and Instrumental Evaluation of Patients with Ischemic Stroke Within the 1St
   6 Hours. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 91 (3), 311-322
Holbrook, M. (1982), Stroke - Social and Emotional Outcome. Journal of the Royal
   College of Physicians of London, 16 (2), 100-104
Mulley, G.P. (1982), Avoidable Complications of Stroke. Journal of the Royal
   College of Physicians of London, 16 (2), 94-97
Chin, P.L. (1982), Physical Techniques in Stroke Rehabilitation. Journal of the Royal
   College of Physicians of London, 16 (3), 165-169
Allen, C.M.C. (1984), Differential-Diagnosis of Acute Stroke - A Review. Journal of
   the Royal Society of Medicine, 77 (10), 878-881
Ledermann, J.A., Murphy, P.J., Hamilton, M. and Hoffbrand, B.I. (1985), A Survey of
   Non-Embolic Stroke in Adults Under 50 Years of Age. Journal of the Royal
   College of Physicians of London, 19 (3), 163-165
Wade, D.T., Wood, V.A. and Hewer, R.L. (1985), Use of Hospital Resources by Acute
   Stroke Patients. Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London, 19 (1), 48-52
Oleckno, W.A. (1986), Selected Factors and Stroke in Young-Adults, 15-40 Years of
   Age. Journal of the Royal Society of Health, 106 (3), 102-107
Leghsmith, J., Wade, D.T. and Hewer, R.L. (1986), Driving After A Stroke. Journal of
   the Royal Society of Medicine, 79 (4), 200-203
Barer, D.H. (1989), Use of the Nottingham Adl Scale in Stroke - Relationship Between
   Functional Recovery and Length of Stay in Hospital. Journal of the Royal College of
   Physicians of London, 23 (4), 242-247
[Anon]. (1990), Stroke - Towards Better Management. Journal of the Royal College of
   Physicians of London, 24 (1), 15-17
Dosick, S.M., Whalen, R.C., Gale, S.S. and Brown, O.W. (1985), Carotid
   Endarterectomy in the Stroke Patient - Computerized Axial-Tomography to
   Determine Timing. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 2 (1), 214-219
Giordano, J.M., Trout, H.H., Kozloff, L. and Depalma, R.G. (1985), Timing of
   Carotid-Artery Endarterectomy After Stroke. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 2 (2),
   250-254
Mccullough, J.L., Mentzer, R.M., Harman, P.K., Kaiser, D.L., Kron, I.L. and Crosby,
   I.K. (1985), Carotid Endarterectomy After A Completed Stroke - Reduction in
   Long-Term Neurologic Deterioration. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 2 (1), 7-14
Hertzer, N.R. and Arison, R. (1985), Cumulative Stroke and Survival 10 Years After
   Carotid Endarterectomy. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 2 (5), 661-668
Gardner, T.J., Horneffer, P.J., Manolio, T.A., Hoff, S.J. and Pearson, T.A. (1986),
   Major Stroke After Coronary-Artery Bypass-Surgery - Changing Magnitude of the
   Problem. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 3 (4), 684-687
Rubin, J.R., Goldstone, J., Mcintyre, K.E., Malone, J.M. and Bernhard, V.M. (1986),
   The Value of Carotid Endarterectomy in Reducing the Morbidity and Mortality of
   Recurrent Stroke. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 4 (5), 443-449
Brener, B.J., Brief, D.K., Alpert, J., Goldenkranz, R.J. and Parsonnet, V. (1987), The
   Risk of Stroke in Patients with Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis Undergoing
   Cardiac-Surgery - A Follow-Up-Study. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 5 (2), 269-279
Rosenthal, D., Borrero, E., Clark, M.D., Lamis, P.A. and Daniel, W.W. (1988), Carotid
   Endarterectomy After Reversible Ischemic Neurologic Deficit Or Stroke - Is It of
   Value. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 8 (4), 527-534
Pierce, G.E., Keushkerian, S.M., Hermreck, A.S., Iliopoulos, J.I. and Thomas, J.H.
   (1989), The Risk of Stroke with Occlusion of the Internal Carotid- Artery. Journal of
   Vascular Surgery, 9 (1), 74-80
Treiman, R.L., Cossman, D.V., Foran, R.F., Levin, P.M., Cohen, J.L. and Wagner, W.H.
   (1990), The Influence of Neutralizing Heparin After Carotid Endarterectomy on
   Postoperative Stroke and Wound Hematoma. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 12 (4),
   440-446
Piotrowski, J.J., Bernhard, V.M., Rubin, J.R., Mcintyre, K.E., Malone, J.M., Parent, F.N.
   and Hunter, G.C. (1990), Timing of Carotid Endarterectomy After Acute Stroke.
   Journal of Vascular Surgery, 11 (1), 45-52
Halberg, J., Halberg, E., Regal, P. and Halberg, F. (1981), Changes with Age
   Characterize Circadian-Rhythm in Telemetered Core Temperature of Stroke-Prone
   Rats. Journals of Gerontology, 36 (1), 28-30
Wakuri, Y., Hamatake, T. and Soejima, M. (1989), Lubrication of A Crosshead-Pin
   Bearing in A 2-Stroke Cycle Engine (Analysis of the Bearing with An Elliptical
   Bearing Surface). Jsme International Journal Series Iii-Vibration Control
   Engineering Engineering for Industry, 32 (4), 663-669
Enomoto, Y. and Furuhama, S. (1989), A Study of the Local Heat-Transfer Coefficient
   on the Combustion-Chamber Walls of A 4-Stroke Gasoline-Engine. Jsme
   International Journal Series Ii-Fluids Engineering Heat Transfer Power Combustion
   Thermophysical Properties, 32 (1), 107-114
Lee, K.H., Ohira, T., Nakajima, T. and Matsumoto, R. (1990), Measurement of
   Gas-Flow Velocity in the Combustion-Chamber of A 2-Stroke Si Engine by A Laser
   Doppler-Velocimeter. Jsme International Journal Series Ii-Fluids Engineering Heat
   Transfer Power Combustion Thermophysical Properties, 33 (1), 163-170
Keywords: JAPAN
Nakagawa, H., Kato, S., Tateishi, M., Adachi, T., Tsujimura, H. and Nakashima, M.
   (1990), Air-Flow in the Cylinder of A 2-Stroke Cycle Uniflow Scavenging
   Diesel-Engine During Compression Stroke. Jsme International Journal Series
   Ii-Fluids Engineering Heat Transfer Power Combustion Thermophysical Properties,
   33 (3), 591-598
Keywords: JAPAN/MECHANICAL
Belenkov, Y.N., Elizarova, N.A., Bitar, S. and Testemitsanu, A.N. (1981), The
   Different Methods of Assessment of the Stroke Volume of the Left-Ventricles with
   the Aid of Echocardiography. Kardiologiya, 21 (9), 57-60
Khalfen, E.S., Klochkov, V.A. and Provotorov, V.D. (1981), Use of Kubichek Formula
   for Stroke Volume Calculation According to the Findings of Integral Body
   Rheography. Kardiologiya, 21 (5), 51-54
Gafarov, V.V., Feigin, V.L., Svetlov, V.I. and Izergina, L.I. (1984), An
   Epidemiologic-Study of Acute Myocardial-Infarction and Cerebral Stroke in
   Novosibirsk. Kardiologiya, 24 (11), 49-54
Tsyganova, G.I., Rozova, N.K., Snetkova, E.P., Romanov, A.I., Nikolaev, M.K. and
   Zarutsky, V.I. (1984), The Course of Coronary Heart-Disease in Patients with A
   History of Cerebral Stroke. Kardiologiya, 24 (4), 49-52
Chufarov, V.N. (1984), Tetrapolar Rheography in the Measurement of the Cardiac
  Stroke Volume in Patients with Mitral-Stenosis at Late Stages. Kardiologiya, 24 (3),
  112-115
Boenko, I.D., Goncharov, E.V. and Dobrokhotov, N.N. (1986), Afferent Systems of the
  Heart As the Stroke Output and Current Minute Volume Stabilization Apparatus.
  Kardiologiya, 26 (5), 91-94
Zemtsovsky, E.V., Guseinov, B.A., Izvekova, A.V., Polukhina, E.L. and Chistova, I.Y.
  (1989), On the Accuracy of Rheographic Assessment of the Stroke Volume.
  Kardiologiya, 29 (6), 75-79
Aronov, D.A., Guliev, A.A. and Samoilenko, L.E. (1990), Altered Hemodynamics and
  Oxygen-Demand in Patients with Coronary Heart-Disease During Graded
  Psychoemotional Stress. Kardiologiya, 30 (10), 55-58.
Abstract: One hundred and forty five patients were subjected to graded
  psychoemotional stress, their oxygen demand being simultaneously analysed.
  Ischemia was found to develop the more frequently, the more severe functional class
  a patient has. with a negative stress, the patients had higher oxygen consumption,
  larger cardiac output, lower total peripheral resistance. Myocardial ischemia occurred
  with inadequately increased oxygen consumption during the test, diminished stroke
  volume and enhanced total peripheral resistance
Zemtsovsky, E.V., Guseinov, B.A. and Izvekova, A.V. (1990), Body Impedance
  Recording in the Assessment of Stroke Volume. Kardiologiya, 30 (6), 42-47
Kalinina, A.M., Chazova, L.V., Pavlova, L.I. and Deev, A.D. (1990),
  Myocardial-Infarction and Stroke Mortality and Incidence in A 40-59-Year-Old
  Male-Population at Various Risks - A Prospective Follow-Up. Kardiologiya, 30 (10),
  65-68.
Abstract: Prognostic value of tentatively identified levels of risk (coronary heart disease,
  risk factors, their combinations) for total, and cardiovascular mortality and
  myocardial infarction and, stroke incidence was evaluated within the framework of
  the multifactoral coronary heart disease prevention programme. It was found that
  subjects without CHD in the presence of 3 risk factors or more represented a group at
  the same high risk for myocardial infarction and death as CHD patients without
  myocardial infarction, which requires that this poluation be comprehensively
  medically monitored. The multifactoral prevention programme has made it possible
  to reduce the level of a relative risk in subjects with CHD or those without CHD in
  the presence of 3 risk factors or more in the population of males aged 40-59 years. It
  may be thus expected mortality rates from chronic noncommunicable disease to be
  reduced among the general population
Keywords: CORONARY HEART-DISEASE/INTERVENTION
Bashir, R. and Alkawi, M.Z. (1983), Stroke in the Young - Experience at
  King-Faisal-Specialist- Hospital. King Faisal Specialist Hospital Medical Journal, 3
  (3), 149-153
Martynov, Y.S. and Kevdina, O.N. (1981), Features of the Course of A Cerebral Stroke
  Complicated by Pneumonia. Klinicheskaya Meditsina, 59 (9), 28-33
Mamedov, K.D. (1981), Activity of Some Enzymes in A Non-Obturation Ischemic
  Brain Stroke. Klinicheskaya Meditsina, 59 (5), 70-73
Davidenkova, E.F., Shafran, M.G., Grigorieva, V.V., Kolosova, N.N. and Liberman, I.S.
  (1983), Lipid-Peroxidation in Blood Neutrophils of Patients with Ischemic Stroke
  and Their Relatives. Klinicheskaya Meditsina, 61 (9), 36-39
Vinichuk, S.M. (1985), State of Cerebral and Systemic Circulation in Ischemic Stroke
  Attended with Disorders of Cardiac-Rhythm. Klinicheskaya Meditsina, 63 (9), 41-45
Kauba, T.F. and Kaasik, A.E.A. (1985), Long-Term Prognosis in Ischemic Stroke, with
   Consideration for the Parameters of Central Hemodynamics. Klinicheskaya
   Meditsina, 63 (3), 79-81
Vinichuk, S.M. (1987), Specific Features of Hemodynamics in Ischemic Stroke in
   Obese Patients with Arterial-Hypertension. Klinicheskaya Meditsina, 65 (4), 40-44
Feigin, V.L. and Belenky, D.I. (1989), Stroke in Acute Myocardial-Infarction.
   Klinicheskaya Meditsina, 67 (8), 86-89
Buletsa, B.A. and Lupich, P.P. (1989), Debut of Hypertensive Disease and Cerebral
   Stroke. Klinicheskaya Meditsina, 67 (9), 54-55
Buletsa, B.A. (1990), Familial Predisposition to Brain Stroke in Essential- Hypertension.
   Klinicheskaya Meditsina, 68 (12), 25-26.
Abstract: Upon examination of 838 hypertensive subjects who had brain insult two
   groups of patients were distinguished: those whose parents suffered from
   hypertension and those without familial history of hypertension. It is found that when
   hypertension is inherited from mother, brain stroke occurs more frequently and in
   sons rather than in daughters
Keywords: STATE
Hossmann, V., Heiss, W.D. and Bewermeyer, H. (1983), Anti-Thrombin-Iii Deficiency
   in Ischemic Stroke. Klinische Wochenschrift, 61 (12), 617-620
Staedt, U., Holm, E., Kortsik, C.S. and Heene, D.L. (1988), Conjunctival
   Oxygen-Tension in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke. Klinische Wochenschrift,
   66 (14), 628-632
Ciuffetti, G., Mercuri, M., Mannarino, E., Lombardini, R., Rizzo, M.T. and Senin, U.
   (1989), Leukocyte Rheology in the Early Stages of Ischemic Stroke. Klinische
   Wochenschrift, 67 (15), 762-763
Belkania, G.S. and Dartsmelia, V.A. (1983), Measurements of Cardiac-Output and
   Stroke Volume in Monkeys by Thoracic Tetrapolar Rheography. Kosmicheskaya
   Biologiya I Aviakosmicheskaya Meditsina, 17 (4), 75-78
Genin, A.M., Zingerman, L.S., Maksimov, D.G., Belozerov, G.E., Katuntsev, V.P.,
   Obukhova, M.V., Yurova, K.S., Kheimets, G.I., Galichii, V.A. and Finogenova, R.I.
   (1984), The Reliability and Efficiency of the Kubicek Rheographic Method for
   Monitoring Cardiac-Output and Stroke Volume. Kosmicheskaya Biologiya I
   Aviakosmicheskaya Meditsina, 18 (3), 9-14
Chinkin, A.S. (1987), The State of Alpha-1-Adrenergic Regulation of Stroke Volume in
   Hypokinetic Rats. Kosmicheskaya Biologiya I Aviakosmicheskaya Meditsina, 21 (2),
   52-55
Franke, R. (1987), Clearance for Shear Edges and Oil Stiffness on Short-Stroke Presses.
   Kunststoffe-German Plastics, 77 (11), 1143-1145
Haberli, F. and Kurzinger, F.X. (1989), Synchronously Controlled Short-Stroke Press
   for the Production of Large-Area Smc and Bmc Components. Kunststoffe-German
   Plastics, 79 (11), 1155-1159
Norris, J.W. and Hachinski, V.C. (1982), Mis-Diagnosis of Stroke. Lancet, 1 (8267),
   328-331
Hennerici, M., Rautenberg, W. and Mohr, S. (1982), Stroke Risk from Symptomless
   Extra-Cranial Arterial-Disease. Lancet, 2 (8309), 1180-1183
Wade, D.T. and Hewer, R.L. (1983), Why Admit Stroke Patients to Hospital. Lancet, 1
   (8328), 807-809
Rhoads, G.G. and Kagan, A. (1983), The Relation of Coronary-Disease, Stroke, and
   Mortality to Weight in Youth and in Middle-Age. Lancet, 1 (8323), 492-495
Lowe, G.D.O., Jaap, A.J. and Forbes, C.D. (1983), Relation of Atrial-Fibrillation and
   High Hematocrit to Mortality in Acute Stroke. Lancet, 1 (8328), 784-786
Lincoln, N.B., Mulley, G.P., Jones, A.C., Mcguirk, E., Lendrem, W. and Mitchell,
   J.R.A. (1984), Effectiveness of Speech-Therapy for Aphasic Stroke Patients - A
   Randomized Controlled Trial. Lancet, 1 (8388), 1197-1200
Lipsey, J.R., Robinson, R.G., Pearlson, G.D., Rao, K. and Price, T.R. (1984),
   Nortriptyline Treatment of Post-Stroke Depression - A Double- Blind-Study. Lancet,
   1 (8372), 297-300
Wade, D.T., Skilbeck, C.E., Langtonhewer, R., Bainton, D. and Burnscox, C. (1985),
   Controlled Trial of A Home-Care Service for Acute Stroke Patients. Lancet, 1 (8424),
   323-326
Sandercock, P., Warlow, C., Bamford, J., Peto, R. and Starkey, I. (1986), Is A
   Controlled Trial of Long-Term Oral Anticoagulants in Patients with Stroke and
   Nonrheumatic Atrial-Fibrillation Worthwhile. Lancet, 1 (8484), 788-792
Turpie, A.G.G., Hirsh, J., Jay, R.M., Andrew, M., Hull, R.D., Levine, M.N., Carter, C.J.,
   Powers, P.J., Magnani, H.N. and Gent, M. (1987), Double-Blind Randomized Trial
   of Org-10172 Low-Molecular-Weight Heparinoid in Prevention of Deep-Vein
   Thrombosis in Thrombotic Stroke. Lancet, 1 (8532), 523-526
[Anon]. (1987), The European Stroke Prevention Study (Esps) - Principal End- Points.
   Lancet, 2 (8572), 1351-1354
Shinton, R.A., Zezulka, A.V., Gill, J.S. and Beevers, D.G. (1987), The Frequency of
   Epilepsy Preceding Stroke - Case-Control Study in 230 Patients. Lancet, 1 (8523),
   11-13
Bayer, A.J., Pathy, M.S.J. and Newcombe, R. (1987), Double-Blind Randomized Trial
   of Intravenous Glycerol in Acute Stroke. Lancet, 1 (8530), 405-408
Malmgren, R., Warlow, C., Bamford, J. and Sandercock, P. (1987), Geographical and
   Secular Trends in Stroke Incidence. Lancet , 2 (8569), 1196-1200
Partridge, C.J., Johnston, M. and Edwards, S. (1987), Recovery from
   Physical-Disability After Stroke - Normal Patterns As A Basis for Evaluation. Lancet,
   1 (8529), 373-375
Flegel, K.M., Shipley, M.J. and Rose, G. (1987), Risk of Stroke in Nonrheumatic
   Atrial-Fibrillation. Lancet, 1 (8532), 526-529
Autret, A., Saudeau, D., Bertrand, P., Pourcelot, L., Marchal, C. and Deboisvilliers, S.
   (1987), Stroke Risk in Patients with Carotid Stenosis. Lancet, 1 (8538), 888-890
Candelise, L. (1988), Hemodilution in Acute Stroke - Results of the Italian
   Hemodilution Trial. Lancet, 1 (8581), 318-321
Webster, M.W.I., Smith, H.J., Sharpe, D.N., Chancellor, A.M., Swift, D.L., Bass, N.M.
   and Glasgow, G.L. (1988), Patent Foramen Ovale in Young Stroke Patients. Lancet,
   2 (8601), 11-12
Gent, M., Easton, J.D., Hachinski, V.C., Panak, E., Sicurella, J., Blakely, J.A., Ellis,
   D.J., Harbison, J.W., Roberts, R.S. and Turpie, A.G.G. (1989), The Canadian
   American Ticlopidine Study (Cats) in Thromboembolic Stroke. Lancet, 1 (8649),
   1215-1220
Metcalfe, M.J. and Rawles, J.M. (1989), Stroke Distance in Acute
   Myocardial-Infarction - A Simple Measurement of Left-Ventricular Function. Lancet,
   1 (8651), 1371-1373
Murphy, J.J. (1990), Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of
   Nimodipine in Acute Stroke. Lancet, 336 (8725), 1205-1209
Macmahon, S., Peto, R., Cutler, J., Collins, R., Sorlie, P., Neaton, J., Abbott, R.,
   Godwin, J., Dyer, A. and Stamler, J. (1990), Blood-Pressure, Stroke, and Coronary
   Heart-Disease .1. Prolonged Differences in Blood-Pressure - Prospective
   Observational Studies Corrected for the Regression Dilution Bias. Lancet, 335
   (8692), 765-774
Keywords: TRIAL
Collins, R., Peto, R., Macmahon, S., Hebert, P., Fiebach, N.H., Eberlein, K.A., Godwin,
   J., Qizilbash, N., Taylor, J.O. and Hennekens, C.H. (1990), Blood-Pressure, Stroke,
   and Coronary Heart-Disease .2. Short- Term Reductions in Blood-Pressure -
   Overview of Randomized Drug Trials in Their Epidemiologic Context. Lancet, 335
   (8693), 827-838
Keywords: TRIAL
Yin, X.F. and Su, D.Z. (1988), A Heuristic Algorithm for Stroke Extraction. Lecture
   Notes in Computer Science, 301 250-258
Lai, F.M., Tanikella, T., Herzlinger, H., Thibault, L. and Cervoni, P. (1981), Effects of
   Continuous Angiotensin I-Converting Enzyme Blockade on Blood-Pressure,
   Sympathetic Activity and Renin-Angiotensin System in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats. Life Sciences, 28 (12), 1309-1316
Holaday, J.W. and Damato, R.J. (1982), Naloxone Or Trh Fails to Improve Neurologic
   Deficits in Gerbil Models of Stroke. Life Sciences, 31 (4), 385-392
Faden, A.I., Jacobs, T.P. and Zivin, J.A. (1983), Comparison of Naloxone and A
   Delta-Selective Antagonist in Experimental Spinal Stroke. Life Sciences, 33 707-710
Cevese, A., Gattullo, D., Losano, G., Marsh, N.A., Vacca, G. and Whaler, B.C. (1984),
   The Effect of Gaboon Viper (Bitis-Gabonica) Venom on Cardiac Stroke Work in the
   Anesthetized Rabbit. Life Sciences, 34 (14), 1389-1393
Barsan, W.G., Hedges, J.R., Syverud, S.A., Dronen, S.C. and Dimlich, R.V.W. (1987),
   Effects of Dichloroacetate in Spinal Stroke in the Rabbit. Life Sciences, 41 (9),
   1065-1069
Shimokawa, T., Moriuchi, A., Hori, T., Saito, M., Naito, Y., Kabasawa, H., Nagae, Y.,
   Matsubara, M. and Okuyama, H. (1988), Effect of Dietary Alpha-Linolenate
   Linoleate Balance on Mean Survival-Time, Incidence of Stroke and Blood-Pressure
   of Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Life Sciences, 43 (25), 2067-2075
Saile, J.A. and Lord, G.H. (1983), Development and Assessment of Cylinder Oils for
   Large 2-Stroke Cross-Head Diesel-Engines. Lubrication Engineering, 39 (1), 47-53
Logan, M.R. and Shamah, E. (1989), Multigrade Railroad Lubricants - Fuel Savings
   and Field Performance in 2-Stroke and 4-Stroke Engines. Lubrication Engineering,
   45 (10), 625-633
Melski, J.W., Caplan, L.R., Mohr, J.P., Geer, D.E. and Bleich, H.L. (1989), Modeling
   the Diagnosis of Stroke at 2 Hospitals. M D Computing, 6 (3), 157-163
[Anon]. (1985), Semt-Piel Stick Launches Long Stroke Pc Series. Marine Engineering
   Log, 90 (2), 43-&
[Anon]. (1985), Man-B and W Expands Its Mc 2 Stroke Range. Marine Engineering
   Log, 90 (4), 87-&
Lin, Z.P. and Jiang, X.X. (1990), Computer Modeling of Open Punching Processes.
   Mathematical and Computer Modelling, 14 1111-1116.
Abstract: In this paper, computer modelling of open punching processes of a cylindrical
   block is described. First, the deformation flow pattern in the workpiece is determined
   on an experimental basis because the plastic flow is unsteady, and then the
   mathematical model of the forming process is constructed by means of an upper
   bound approach. The computer modelling is accomplished by using an IBM PC/XT
   microcomputer. For any forging made by an open punching process, the computer,
   using the initial data and input parameters, can quickly and exactly plot the deformed
   configuration and the load-stroke curves
Keywords:       COMPUTER           MODELING/OPEN           PUNCHING/UPPER-BOUND
   APPROACH
Kinsner, W. and Yan, Y. (1990), A Model of the Carotid Vascular System with Stenosis
   at the Carotid Bifurcation. Mathematical and Computer Modelling, 14 582-585.
Abstract: Stroke is one of the major diseases leading to human death and may be caused
   by arterial stenosis, possibly combined with arterial spasm. Carotid stenosis can be
   detected through ocular pulse caused by the blood flow in the choroid which, in turn,
   is influenced by the blood flow in the carotid vascular system (CVS). This paper
   presents a mathematical model of the stenosis, usually located at the carotid
   bifurcation into the external and internal carotid arteries. The model is based on
   experimental data from in vitro studies. The stenosis is modelled as a nonlinear
   resistive element, causing a pressure drop in the blood flow over a local constriction.
   Such a pressure change affects the spectral contents of peripheral pressure
   waveforms, particularily the ocular blood pressure (OBP) waveform. The dynamics
   of the CVS with stenosis is determined by the haemodynamic and geometric
   properties of the stenosis. Computer implementation and simulation of the composite
   model shows how the OBP waveform dynamics is affected by the level of the
   stenosis. These unique results are being used in our research on a method for early
   detection of stroke, glaucoma, and elevated intracranial pressure
Keywords:         ARTERIAL           STENOSES/CARDIOVASCULAR                   SYSTEM
   MODELING/OCULAR PULSE/STEADY FLOW/STENOSIS MODELING
Hall, C. and Swartz, C. (1981), The Effect of Handicap Stroke Location on Best-Ball
   Golf Scores. Mathematical Modelling, 2 (3), 161-167
Hall, C. and Swartz, C. (1981), The Effect of Handicap Stroke Location on Golf
   Matches. Mathematical Modelling, 2 (3), 153-159
Garraway, W.M., Whisnant, J.P. and Drury, I. (1983), The Continuing Decline in the
   Incidence of Stroke. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 58 (8), 520-523
Whisnant, J.P., Sundt, T.M. and Fode, N.C. (1985), Long-Term Mortality and Stroke
   Morbidity After Superficial Temporal Artery-Middle Cerebral-Artery Bypass
   Operation. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 60 (4), 241-246
Dexter, D.D., Whisnant, J.P., Connolly, D.C. and Ofallon, W.M. (1987), The
   Association of Stroke and Coronary Heart-Disease - A Population Study. Mayo
   Clinic Proceedings, 62 (12), 1077-1083
Atkinson, J.L.D., Sundt, T.M., Kazmier, F.J., Bowie, E.J.W. and Whisnant, J.P. (1988),
   Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia and Thrombosis in Ischemic Stroke. Mayo
   Clinic Proceedings, 63 (4), 353-361
Bukhovskii, G.I. (1983), Device for Checking the Dimensions of Holes in Sleeves for
   Long-Stroke Hydraulic Cylinders. Measurement Techniques Ussr, 26 (8), 630-632
Borisyuk, L.V. (1990), Photoelectric Device for Stroke Induction in the Control of Dials
   and Coded Disks. Measurement Techniques Ussr, 33 (6), 555-558
Keywords: NEW-YORK
Siuru, B. (1990), 2-Stroke Engines - Cleaner and Meaner. Mechanical Engineering, 112
   (6), 66-69
Keywords: MECHANICAL/NEW-YORK
Riggs, J.E. (1990), Longitudinal Gompertzian Analysis of Stroke Mortality in the
   United-States, 1951-1986 - Declining Stroke Mortality Is the Natural Consequence
   of Competitive Deterministic Mortality Dynamics. Mechanisms of Ageing and
   Development, 55 (3), 235-243
Keywords: AGE/SEP
Jarlov, A. and Larsen, B. (1981), Stroke Volumes and Ventricular Volumes Determined
   from Indicator Dilution Curves .1. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing,
   19 (4), 457-460
Jarlov, A. and Larsen, B. (1981), Stroke Volumes and Ventricular Volumes Determined
   from Indicator Dilution Curves .2. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing,
   19 (4), 461-469
Mizrahi, J., Solzi, P., Ring, H. and Nisell, R. (1989), Postural Stability in Stroke
   Patients - Vectorial Expression of Asymmetry, Sway Activity and Relative Sequence
   of Reactive Forces. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, 27 (2),
   181-190
Patterson, R.P., Wang, L., Raza, B. and Wood, K. (1990), Mapping the Cardiogenic
   Impedance Signal on the Thoracic Surface. Medical & Biological Engineering &
   Computing, 28 (3), 212-216.
Abstract: The cardiogenic impedance signal from band electrodes placed in the
   traditional position around the neck and lower thorax was studied by mapping the
   location of the signal on the sternum using 10 cm strip electrodes in eight male
   subjects. The band current electrodes on the neck and waist were replaced with 10
   cm strip electrodes on the forehead and 10 cm below the xiphisternal joint,
   respectively, with only small changes in the dZ/dt peak amplitude and Z(o).
   Similarly, using a strip voltage pickup electrode at the level of the xiphisternal joint
   resulted in very small changes in the waveform. The amplitude of dZ/dt measured
   between the xiphisternal joint and points along the sternum remains small until
   approximately 10 cm below the suprasternal notch, after which it increased linearly
   to the top of the neck. An average of 17 per cent and 24 per cent of the dZ/dt signal
   and 24 per cent and 22 per cent of the Z(o) signal for supine and standing,
   respectively, occurs above the suprasternal notch. Replacing the current electrodes
   with strip electrodes on the forehead and waist caused only small changes in the
   signal. The position of the neck strip electrode is more critical
Keywords:                                                                      CARDIAC
   OUTPUT/CARDIAC-OUTPUT/CARDIOGRAPHY/ELECTRICAL                                   FIELD
   MAPPING/ELECTRICAL-IMPEDANCE/EXERCISE/IMPEDANCE
   CARDIOGRAPHY/IMPEDANCE
   PLETHYSMOGRAPHY/MINNESOTA/STROKE VOLUME
Nadeau, S.E. (1989), Stroke. Medical Clinics of North America, 73 (6), 1351-1369
Marangos, P.J. (1990), Adenosinergic Approaches to Stroke Therapeutics. Medical
   Hypotheses, 32 (1), 45-49
Keywords: SCOTLAND
Hier, D.B., Atkinson, G.D., Perline, R., Hill, H., Evans, M., Desai, B., Mccormick, W.C.
   and Caplan, L.R. (1986), Can A Patient Database Help Build A Stroke Diagnostic
   Expert System. Medical Informatics, 11 (1), 75-81
Yamaoka, K., Hayashi, C. and Terao, H. (1988), Capability of Questionnaire of Social
   and Psychological-Factors to Predict Coronary Heart-Disease and Stroke. Medical
   Informatics, 13 (3), 171-185
Christie, D. (1981), Prevalence of Stroke and Its Sequelae. Medical Journal of Australia,
   2 (4), 182-184
Berkovic, S.F., Bladin, P.F. and Darby, D.G. (1984), Metabolic Disorders Presenting As
   Stroke. Medical Journal of Australia, 140 (7), 421-424
Shah, S.K. and Bain, C. (1989), Admissions, Patterns of Utilization and Disposition of
   Cases of Acute Stroke in Brisbane Hospitals. Medical Journal of Australia, 150 (5),
   256-260
Chambers, B.R., Merory, J.R. and Smidt, V. (1989), Doppler Diagnosis in Cases of
   Acute Stroke. Medical Journal of Australia, 150 (7), 382-384
Alroomi, K.A., Heller, R.F. and Wlodarczyk, J. (1990), Hypertension Control and the
   Risk of Myocardial-Infarction and Stroke - A Population-Based Study. Medical
   Journal of Australia, 153 (10), 595-603
Keywords: AUSTRALIA
Katrak, P.H. (1990), Shoulder Shrug - A Prognostic Sign for Recovery of Hand
   Movement After Stroke. Medical Journal of Australia, 152 (6), 297-301
Keywords: AUSTRALIA/PH
Lee, R.P., Bishop, G.F. and Ashton, C.M. (1990), Severe Heat-Stroke in An
   Experienced Athlete. Medical Journal of Australia, 153 (2), 100-104
Keywords: AUSTRALIA
[Anon]. (1981), Treatment of Heat-Stroke. Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics,
   23 (17), 76
[Anon]. (1989), Aspirin for Prevention of Myocardial-Infarction and Stroke. Medical
   Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics, 31 (799), 77-80
Spinelli, J.C. and Valentinuzzi, M.E. (1983), Stroke Volume in the Dog - Measurements
   by the Impedance Technique and Thermodilution. Medical Progress Through
   Technology, 10 (1), 45-53
Schaldach, M. and Hutten, H. (1990), A Physiological Approach to Different Concepts
   of Rate Adaptive Cardiac Pacing. Medical Progress Through Technology, 16 (4),
   235-246.
Abstract: Physiological aspects of rate adaptive pacing are dealt with in the context of
   the cardiovascular control loop with the cardiac output as the controlling quantity
   and mean arterial blood pressure as the controlled quantity. Different methods
   proposed or clinically investigated are analyzed with respect to cardiovascular
   control mechanisms. To qualify as physiologic, the sensor-driven pacing rate must
   respond to disturbance variables similarly as the sinus node. To achieve this, the
   feedback signals, which control the cardiac output and are summarized as the
   sympathetic and parasympathetic innervation of the heart, are prime candidates as
   input signals for rate control in the presence of chronotropic insufficiency. Since only
   sympathetic tone can serve to increase contractility and thereby stroke volume and
   cardiac output in the absence of rate support, its meaningful measurement is the key
   for physiological sensor-driven rate control. PEP clinically has proved to be a
   measure of contractility, which represents sympathetic tone as it affects central
   hemodynamics. PEP- controlled pacing rate adaptation therefore enables restoration
   of a closed-loop pacing system utilizing those components of the physiological
   system that are still functioning
Keywords:        ANIMALS/CATHETER/CLOSED-LOOP                      CONTROL/CONTROL
   STRATEGIES/HEART-RATE/INTRACARDIAC
   VOLUME/NETHERLANDS/PACEMAKER/PHYSIOLOGICAL                                  CONTROL
   SYSTEM/PREEJECTION                                        PERIOD/PRESSURE/RATE
   ADAPTATION/RATE-ADAPTIVE                                            PACING/STROKE
   VOLUME/TEMPERATURE/VENOUS OXYGEN-SATURATION
Abad, F.J.F., Pellus, A.E.M., Soria, F.J.C., Rubi, J.A.G., Martinez, A.C. and Abel, J.L.
   (1984), Multiorgan Failure Due to Heat-Stroke - Pathological and Clinical-Study.
   Medicina Clinica, 83 (15), 615-619
Montalban, J., Ordi, J., Barquinero, J., Davalos, A., Alijotas, J., Codina, A. and
   Vilardell, M. (1988), Lupus Anticoagulant and Stroke. Medicina Clinica, 90 (7),
   280-282
Jimenezmejias, M.E., Diaz, M.M., Villalonga, J., Tienda, E.B., Pardo, F.L., Pineda, J.A.
   and Delapuente, M.A.G. (1990), Classical Heat-Stroke in Spain - Analysis of A
   Series of 78 Cases. Medicina Clinica, 94 (13), 481-486
Hart, G.R., Anderson, R.J., Crumpler, C.P., Shulkin, A., Reed, G. and Knochel, J.P.
   (1982), Epidemic Classical Heat-Stroke - Clinical Characteristics and Course of 28
   Patients. Medicine, 61 (3), 189-197
Swaine, I. and Reilly, T. (1983), The Freely-Chosen Swimming Stroke Rate in A
   Maximal Swim and on A Biokinetic Swim Bench. Medicine and Science in Sports
   and Exercise, 15 (5), 370-375
Craig, A.B., Skehan, P.L., Pawelczyk, J.A. and Boomer, W.L. (1985), Velocity, Stroke
   Rate, and Distance Per Stroke During Elite Swimming Competition. Medicine and
   Science in Sports and Exercise, 17 (6), 625-634
Shapiro, Y. and Seidman, D.S. (1990), Field and Clinical Observations of Exertional
   Heat-Stroke Patients. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 22 (1), 6-14
Keywords: EXERCISE
Horing, E. and Wienbeck, M. (1990), Temporal Arteritis Including Necrosis of the
   Scalp and Tongue and Brain-Stem-Stroke. Medizinische Klinik, 85 159-&
Bergholz, P. (1985), Effects of Rehabilitation on the Circulatory-System After Stroke.
   Medizinische Welt, 36 (45), 1443-1449
Staedt, U., Schwarz, M. and Heene, D.L. (1986), Hemodilution Therapy in Acute
   Ischemic Stroke - Hemorrheological Parameters Before and During Infusion of 10-
   Percent Dex 40 and 10-Percent Hes 200/0,5 .1. Medizinische Welt, 37 (20), 660-663
Staedt, U., Schwarz, M., Bayerl, J.R., Tornow, K. and Heene, D.L. (1986),
   Hemodilution Therapy in Acute Ischemic Stroke - Neurological Scores and
   Hemorrheological Parameters Before and After 10 Days Treatment with 10-Percent
   Dex 40 and 10-Percent Hes 200/0,5(Ii). Medizinische Welt, 37 (21), 695-699
Stober, T., Huber, G. and Bader, W. (1987), Cardioembolic Stroke. Medizinische Welt,
   38 (12), 374-378
Busse, O. (1987), Modern Diagnostic and Therapeutic Aspects in Cerebrovascular
   Stroke. Medizinische Welt, 38 (34-35), 1134-1141
Wessely, P., Woberbingol, C., Koch, G. and Zeiler, K. (1989), Headache - A Risk
   Factor for Cerebral Stroke in Younger Adults. Medizinische Welt, 40 (30-31),
   871-875
Dalbianco, P. (1989), Clinical Metabolic Examination of Stroke Patients. Medizinische
   Welt, 40 (41), 1158-1160
Muck, A.O., Muck, S. and Heinrich, F. (1989), Venous Thromboembolic Complications
   in Patients with Recent Ischemic Stroke .1. Risk-Factors of Thrombosis.
   Medizinische Welt, 40 (25-26), 763-769
Muck, A.O., Muck, S. and Heinrich, F. (1989), Venous Thromboembolic Complications
   in Patients with Recent Ischemic Stroke .2. Prophylaxis with Low-Dose Heparin.
   Medizinische Welt, 40 (29), 843-848
Savage, D.D., Mcgee, D.L. and Oster, G. (1987), Reduction of Hypertension-Associated
   Heart-Disease and Stroke Among Black-Americans - Past Experience and New
   Perspectives on Targeting Resources. Milbank Quarterly, 65 297-321
Jardon, O.M. (1982), Physiologic Stress, Heat-Stroke, Malignant Hyperthermia - A
   Perspective. Military Medicine, 147 (1), 8-14
Cole, R.D. (1983), Heat-Stroke During Training with Nuclear, Biological, and
   Chemical Protective Clothing - Case-Report. Military Medicine, 148 (7), 624-625
Alhadramy, M.S. and Ali, F. (1989), Catecholamines in Heat-Stroke. Military Medicine,
   154 (5), 263-264
Barthel, H.J. (1990), Exertion-Induced Heat-Stroke in A Military Setting. Military
   Medicine, 155 (3), 116-119
Provinciali, L., Marchesi, G.F., Signorino, M. and Pasquini, U. (1982), Influence of
   Risk-Factors on the Site and Development of Stroke. Minerva Medica, 73 (40),
   2717-2722
Moran, A. and Macdonald, J. (1985), 8 Cases of Childhood Stroke. Minnesota Medicine,
   68 (9), 675-677
Ludwig, J.R., Foy, J.J., Elliott, S.G. and Mclaughlin, C.S. (1982), Synthesis of Specific
   Identified, Phosphorylated, Heat-Shock, and Heat-Stroke Proteins Through the
   Cell-Cycle of Saccharomyces-Cerevisiae. Molecular and Cellular Biology, 2 (2),
   117-126
Schneider, R.R., Steingart, R., Jurado, R., Meller, J. and Teichholz, L.E. (1982), Pulsed
   Echo Doppler Measures of Cardiac Stroke Volume in Man. Mount Sinai Journal of
   Medicine, 49 (5), 391-396
Mitchinson, M.J. (1982), The Hypotensive Stroke. Munchener Medizinische
   Wochenschrift, 52
[Anon]. (1982), Prostaglandins with An Important Clinical Future - Prostacyclin in
   Cases of Stroke. Munchener Medizinische Wochenschrift, 124 (45), A16-&
Krejci, K., Luther, M., Beltle, M. and Kramann, B. (1984), Resuscitation Following
   Lightning-Stroke (Case-Report). Munchener Medizinische Wochenschrift, 126 (3),
   63-64
Schropp, W.W. and Borck, V. (1984), Ischemic Stroke and Idiopathic
   Hyper-Aldosteronism. Munchener Medizinische Wochenschrift , 126 (36),
   1033-1036
Leutiger, H., Ostermann, K., Illinger, H., Karl, F., Radebold, H., Schmidt, R.,
   Sprungostermann, B., Vonungernsternberg, A. and Weimann, G. (1985),
   Occupational and Speech-Therapy in Stroke Patients. Munchener Medizinische
   Wochenschrift, 127 (20), 519-521
Weimann, G., Illinger, H., Leutiger, H., Ostermann, K., Radebold, H., Sprungostermann,
   B. and Vonungernsternberg, A. (1985), Physical Therapy in Rehabilitation of Elderly
   Patients with Stroke. Munchener Medizinische Wochenschrift, 127 (20), 515-518
Peck, R.M. (1983), The Stroke of Genius. National Wildlife, 21 (2), 41-47
Hale, L.C. and Baginski, M.E. (1987), Current to the Ionosphere Following A
   Lightning-Stroke. Nature, 329 (6142), 814-816
[Anon]. (1984), Mitsubishi Joins Sulzer and Man-B-And-W with A New Long-Stroke
   Diesel-Engine. Naval Architect, (APR), E144
[Anon]. (1985), B-And-W Extends 2-Stroke Engine Range. Naval Architect, (APR),
   E169
Woodyard, D. (1986), Long Stroke Medium Speed Developments. Naval Architect,
   E277-&
Woodyard, D. (1987), A New Longer Stroke 400-Mm Bore Engine from Man
   B-And-W. Naval Architect, E209-E210
[Anon]. (1989), Japanese Owners Prefer 4-Stroke Hybrids. Naval Architect, 349-&
[Anon]. (1990), Large 2-Stroke Dual Fuel Engines. Naval Architect, E270-&
Kaps, M., Busse, O. and Hofmann, O. (1983), Circadian Variation in the Frequency of
   Stroke. Nervenarzt, 54 (12), 655-657
Kessler, C., Berlit, P., Reuther, R. and Carls, C. (1984), Immunohistochemical
   Examination of Temporal Arteria Specimen of Stroke Patients. Nervenarzt, 55 (8),
   413-418
Tschinkel, M., Ladurner, G., Hollasek, A., Schreyer, H. and Lechner, H. (1985),
   Hyperlipemia and Angiographic Findings in Patients with Stroke. Nervenarzt, 56 (2),
   94-97
Weissenborn, K., Peters, J., Heinze, H.J. and Becker, H. (1986), Stroke and
   Polyradiculitis Resulting from Attempted-Suicide with Disulfiram. Nervenarzt, 57
   (3), 159-162
Ladurner, G. and Pritz, W. (1987), The Prevalence of Stroke in the County of Salzburg.
   Nervenarzt, 58 (1), 19-21
Kollegger, H., Schmoliner, R., Dalbianco, P., Oder, W., Zeiler, K. and Deecke, L.
   (1988), Mitral-Valve Prolapse - Risk Factor for Stroke in the Young. Nervenarzt, 59
   (11), 629-635
Haberl, R.L. (1989), Do Anti-Hypertensive Drugs Differ in Their Efficacy for Stroke
   Prevention. Nervenarzt, 60 (9), 580-582
Weiller, C., Herges, R.M., Ringelstein, E.B. and Poeck, K. (1989), Pathogenesis of
   Stroke in Patients with Normal Doppler Sonography. Nervenarzt, 60 (3), 149-153
Brainin, M. (1990), Etiologic Classification of Stroke - Findings from A Prospective
   Stroke Registry. Nervenarzt, 61 (12), 719-724
Schneider, E. (1987), Stroke Rehabilitation. Nervenheilkunde, 6 (3), 90-95
Haass, A. (1989), Treatment of Acute Stroke. Nervenheilkunde, 8 (1), 35-45
Biller, J., Jones, M.P., Bruno, A., Adams, H.P. and Banwart, K. (1988),
   Seasonal-Variation of Stroke - Does It Exist. Neuroepidemiology, 7 (2), 89-98
Barer, D.H., Ebrahim, S.B. and Mitchell, J.R.A. (1988), The Pragmatic Approach to
   Stroke Trial Design - Stroke Register, Pilot Trial, Assessment of Neurological Then
   Functional Outcome. Neuroepidemiology, 7 (1), 1-12
Giroud, M., Beuriat, P., Vion, P., Dathis, P.H., Dusserre, L. and Dumas, R. (1989),
   Stroke in A French Prospective Population Study. Neuroepidemiology, 8 (2), 97-104
Ogunniyi, A., Chandra, V. and Schoenberg, B.S. (1989), Conditions Associated at
   Death with Specific Types of Completed Stroke in Patients with and Without
   Hypertension - A Case- Control Study. Neuroepidemiology, 8 (1), 24-31
Li, S.C., Wang, C.C., Fu, Y.G., Cheng, X.M., Feng, E.J., Wang, W.J., Shu, Q., Yang,
   Q.D., Chen, S.M., Su, Q.G., Gai, X.L., Li, Z.S. and Schoenberg, B.S. (1990),
   Risk-Factors for Stroke in Rural-Areas of the Peoples-Republic- Of-China - Results
   of A Case-Control Study. Neuroepidemiology, 9 (2), 57-67
Keywords: SWITZERLAND
Woo, J. and Lau, E.M.C. (1990), Risk-Factors Predisposing to Stroke in An Elderly
   Chinese Population - A Longitudinal-Study. Neuroepidemiology, 9 (3), 131-134
Keywords: CHINESE/SWITZERLAND
Woo, J., Lau, E., Kay, R., Lam, C.W.K., Cheung, C.K., Swaminathan, R. and Nicholls,
   M.G. (1990), A Case Control Study of Some Hematological and Biochemical
   Variables in Acute Stroke and Their Prognostic Value. Neuroepidemiology, 9 (6),
   315-320.
Abstract: Hematocrit, total white cell and platelet counts, plasma urea and creatinine
   concentrations were estimated in 291 patients (mean age 70 +/- 12 years) admitted
   consecutively over a 6- month period to a district general hospital with acute stroke.
   Urinary albumin/creatinine ratio was also determined in a subgroup of patients
   during a follow-up visit 3 months after ictus. Results were compared with those from
   age- and sex- matched community controls. Total white cell count was elevated in all
   types of stroke compared with values from control subjects. Platelet count, plasma
   urea and creatinine concentrations were higher and the plasma albumin/globulin ratio
   was lower among patients with ischemic stroke. Elevated total white cell count, urea
   and creatinine, which were of prognostic significance, were found to be associated
   with the severity of stroke as indicated by the Glasgow coma score, and did not have
   any independent prognostic value. Elevated hematocrit was not shown to be a risk
  factor and did not have any prognostic significance. A low plasma albumin/globulin
  ratio, an index of plasma viscosity, was a possible risk factor for ischemic strokes.
  Urinary albumin/creatinine ratios in the highest quintile increased the risk of stroke
  13-fold
Keywords:
  CHINESE/HEMATOCRIT/INFARCTION/MICROALBUMINURIA/NEUROEPID
  EMIOLOGY/OUTCOME/PLASMA
  VISCOSITY/STROKE/SWITZERLAND/WHITE CELL COUNT
Golden, G.S. (1985), Stroke Syndromes in Childhood. Neurologic Clinics, 3 (1), 59-75
Reding, M.J. and Mcdowell, F. (1987), Stroke Rehabilitation. Neurologic Clinics, 5 (4),
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Shuman, R.M. (1990), The Molecular-Biology of Occlusive Stroke in Childhood.
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Levine, D.N. and Finklestein, S. (1982), Delayed Psychosis After Right
  Temporoparietal Stroke Or Trauma - Relation to Epilepsy. Neurology, 32 (3),
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Faden, A.I., Hallenbeck, J.M. and Brown, C.Q. (1982), Treatment of Experimental
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Hier, D.B., Mondlock, J. and Caplan, L.R. (1983), Behavioral Abnormalities After
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Hier, D.B., Mondlock, J. and Caplan, L.R. (1983), Recovery of Behavioral
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Davis, S.M., Ackerman, R.H., Correia, J.A., Alpert, N.M., Chang, J., Buonanno, F.,
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Culebras, A. and Miller, M. (1984), Dissociated Patterns of Nocturnal Prolactin,
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Komrad, M.S., Coffey, C.E., Coffey, K.S., Mckinnis, R., Massey, E.W. and Califf, R.M.
  (1984), Myocardial-Infarction and Stroke. Neurology, 34 (11), 1403-1409
Wood, J.H., Polyzoidis, K.S., Epstein, C.M., Gibby, G.L. and Tindall, G.T. (1984),
  Quantitative Eeg Alterations After Isovolemic-Hemodilutional Augmentation of
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Grotta, J.C., Lemak, N.A., Gary, H., Fields, W.S. and Vital, D. (1985), Does Platelet
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Landi, G., Dangelo, A., Boccardi, E., Candelise, L., Mannucci, P.M., Orazio, E.N. and
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Nuwer, M.R., Jordan, S.E. and Ahn, S.S. (1987), Evaluation of Stroke Using Eeg
  Frequency-Analysis and Topographic Mapping. Neurology, 37 (7), 1153-1159
Coslett, H.B., Bowers, D. and Heilman, K.M. (1987), Reduction in Cerebral Activation
  After Right-Hemisphere Stroke. Neurology, 37 (6), 957-962
Chambers, B.R., Norris, J.W., Shurvell, B.L. and Hachinski, V.C. (1987), Prognosis of
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Kertesz, A., Black, S.E., Nicholson, L. and Carr, T. (1987), The Sensitivity and
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Levine, S.R., Washington, J.M., Jefferson, M.F., Kieran, S.N., Moen, M., Feit, H. and
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Catsmanberrevoets, C.E. and Vonharskamp, F. (1988), Compulsive Pre-Sleep Behavior
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   Neurology, 38 (4), 647-649
Chodosh, E.H., Foulkes, M.A., Kase, C.S., Wolf, P.A., Mohr, J.P., Hier, D.B., Price,
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   Neurology, 38 (11), 1674-1679
Bogousslavsky, J., Regli, F., Vanmelle, G., Payot, M. and Uske, A. (1988), Migraine
   Stroke. Neurology, 38 (2), 223-227
Rothrock, J.F., Rubenstein, R. and Lyden, P.D. (1988), Ischemic Stroke Associated with
   Methamphetamine Inhalation. Neurology , 38 (4), 589-592
Darby, D.G., Donnan, G.A., Saling, M.A., Walsh, K.W. and Bladin, P.F. (1988),
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Horner, J., Massey, E.W., Riski, J.E., Lathrop, D.L. and Chase, K.N. (1988), Aspiration
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Gorelick, P.B., Rodin, M.B., Langenberg, P., Hier, D.B. and Costigan, J. (1989),
   Weekly Alcohol-Consumption, Cigarette-Smoking, and the Risk of Ischemic Stroke
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   Neurology, 39 (3), 339-343
Pessin, M.S., Chimowitz, M.I., Levine, S.R., Kwan, E.S., Adelman, L.S., Earnest, M.P.,
   Clark, D.M., Chason, J., Ausman, J.I. and Caplan, L.R. (1989), Stroke in Patients
   with Fusiform Vertebrobasilar Aneurysms. Neurology, 39 (1), 16-21
Sobel, E., Alter, M., Davanipour, Z., Friday, G., Mccoy, R., Levitt, L.P. and Isack, T.
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Newman, N.J., Kline, L.B., Leifer, D. and Lessell, S. (1989), Ocular Stroke and
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Friday, G., Lai, S.M., Alter, M., Sobel, E., Larue, L., Gilperalta, A., Mccoy, R.L., Levitt,
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   Neurology, 39 (9), 1165-1168
Marsh, E.E., Adams, H.P., Biller, J., Wasek, P., Banwart, K., Mitchell, V. and Woolson,
   R. (1989), Use of Antithrombotic Drugs in the Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke -
   A Survey of Neurologists in Practice in the United- States. Neurology, 39 (12),
   1631-1634
Prohovnik, I., Pavlakis, S.G., Piomelli, S., Bello, J., Mohr, J.P., Hilal, S. and Devivo,
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   Neurology, 39 (3), 344-348
Futrell, N., Millikan, C., Watson, B.D., Dietrich, W.D. and Ginsberg, M.D. (1989),
   Embolic Stroke from A Carotid Arterial Source in the Rat - Pathology and Clinical
   Implications. Neurology, 39 (8), 1050-1056
Biller, J., Massey, E.W., Marler, J.R., Adams, H.P., Davis, J.N., Bruno, A., Henriksen,
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   H.N. (1989), A Dose Escalation Study of Org-10172 (Low-Molecular Weight
   Heparinoid) in Stroke. Neurology, 39 (2), 262-265
Chimowitz, M.I., Furlan, A.J., Nayak, S. and Sila, C.A. (1990), Mechanism of Stroke in
   Patients Taking Aspirin. Neurology, 40 (11), 1682-1685
Horner, J., Massey, E.W. and Brazer, S.R. (1990), Aspiration in Bilateral Stroke
   Patients. Neurology, 40 (11), 1686-1688
Davalos, A., Cendra, E., Teruel, J., Martinez, M. and Genis, D. (1990), Deteriorating
   Ischemic Stroke - Risk-Factors and Prognosis. Neurology, 40 (12), 1865-1869
Kittner, S.J., Sharkness, C.M., Price, T.R., Plotnick, G.D., Dambrosia, J.M., Wolf, P.A.,
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   Source of Embolism in the Nincds Stroke Data-Bank - Historical Features.
   Neurology, 40 (2), 281-284
Rossi, P.W., Kheyfets, S. and Reding, M.J. (1990), Fresnel Prisms Improve
   Visual-Perception in Stroke Patients with Homonymous Hemianopia Or Unilateral
   Visual Neglect. Neurology, 40 (10), 1597-1599
Bogousslavsky, J., Vanmelle, G., Regli, F. and Kappenberger, L. (1990), Pathogenesis
   of Anterior Circulation Stroke in Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial-Fibrillation - the
   Lausanne-Stroke-Registry. Neurology, 40 (7), 1046-1050
Nakashima, M., Takashima, S., Hashimoto, K. and Shiraishi, M. (1982), Association of
   Stroke and Myocardial-Infarction in Children. Neuropediatrics, 13 (1), 47-49
Emparanza, J.I., Aldamizechevarria, L., Perezyarza, E., Hernandez, J., Pena, B. and
   Gaztanaga, R. (1989), Ischemic Stroke Due to Fibromuscular Dysplasia.
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Baskin, D.S., Kuroda, H., Hosobuchi, Y. and Lee, N.M. (1985), Treatment of Stroke
   with Opiate Antagonists - Effects of Exogenous Antagonists and Dynorphin 1-13.
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Haaland, K.Y. and Delaney, H.D. (1981), Motor Deficits After Left Or
   Right-Hemisphere Damage Due to Stroke Or Tumor. Neuropsychologia, 19 (1),
   17-27
Vallar, G. and Perani, D. (1986), The Anatomy of Unilateral Neglect After
   Right-Hemisphere Stroke Lesions - A Clinical Ct-Scan Correlation Study in Man.
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Grossmann, R.I. and Davis, K.R. (1982), Positional Occlusion of the Vertebral Artery -
   A Rare Cause of Embolic Stroke. Neuroradiology, 23 (4), 227-230
Kessler, C., Reuther, R., Kimmig, B. and Pietzsch, T. (1984), Dual Isotope Scintigraphy
   in Stroke Patients. Neuroradiology, 26 (2), 113-117
Hasuo, K., Tamura, S., Yasumori, K., Uchino, A., Goda, S., Ishimoto, S., Kamikaseda,
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Itoh, M., Hatazawa, J., Pozzilli, C., Fukuda, H., Abe, Y., Fujiwara, T., Kubota, K.,
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   Hemodynamics and Oxygen-Metabolism in Patients After Reversible Ischemic
   Attack Or Minor Ischemic Stroke Assessed with Positron Emission Tomography.
   Neuroradiology, 29 (5), 416-421
Itoh, M., Hatazawa, J., Pozzilli, C., Matsuzawa, T., Abe, Y., Fukuda, H., Fujiwara, T.,
   Watanuki, S. and Ido, T. (1988), Positron Ct Imaging of An Impending Stroke.
   Neuroradiology, 30 (3), 276-279
Wang, A.M., Lin, J.C.T. and Rumbaugh, C.L. (1988), What Is Expected of Ct in the
   Evaluation of Stroke. Neuroradiology, 30 (1), 54-58
Kappelle, L.J., Ramos, L.M.P. and Vangijn, J. (1989), The Role of
   Computed-Tomography in Patients with Lacunar Stroke in the Carotid Territory.
   Neuroradiology, 31 (4), 316-319
Hannan, C.J. and Garcia, A.R. (1982), Thyrotropin-Releasing-Hormone (Trh) Increases
   Morbidity and Mortality in the Gerbil Stroke Model. Neuroscience Letters, 33 (3),
   299-303
Sato, A., Sato, Y., Shimamura, K. and Suzuki, H. (1986), An Increase in the
   Sympathoadrenal Medullary Function in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive
   Rats Under Anesthetized and Resting Conditions. Neuroscience Letters, 72 (3),
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Nakajima, Y., Homma, S., Musha, T., Okamoto, Y., Ackerman, R.H., Correia, J.A. and
   Alpert, N.M. (1990), Dipole-Tracing of Abnormal Slow Brain Potentials After
   Cerebral Stroke - Eeg, Pet, Mri Correlations. Neuroscience Letters, 112 (1), 59-64
Wood, J.H., Polyzoidis, K.S., Kee, D.B., Prats, A.R., Gibby, G.L. and Tindall, G.T.
   (1984), Augmentation of Cerebral Blood-Flow Induced by Hemodilution in Stroke
   Patients After Superficial Temporal-Middle Cerebral Arterial Bypass Operation.
   Neurosurgery, 15 (4), 535-539
Gaines, C., Nehls, D.G., Suess, D.M., Waggener, J.D. and Crowell, R.M. (1984), Effect
   of Naloxone on Experimental Stroke in Awake Monkeys. Neurosurgery, 14 (3),
   308-314
Tsementzis, S.A., Gill, J.S., Hitchcock, E.R., Gill, S.K. and Beevers, D.G. (1985),
   Diurnal-Variation of and Activity During the Onset of Stroke. Neurosurgery, 17 (6),
   901-904
Pritz, M.B. (1986), Carotid Endarterectomy After Recent Stroke - Preliminary-
   Observations in Patients Undergoing Early Operation. Neurosurgery, 19 (4), 604-609
Hanakita, J., Miyake, H., Nagayasu, S., Nishi, S. and Suzuki, T. (1988), Angiographic
   Examination and Surgical-Treatment of Bow Hunters Stroke. Neurosurgery, 23 (2),
   228-232
Chehrazi, B.B., Seibert, J.A., Kissel, P., Hein, L. and Brock, J.M. (1989), Evaluation of
   Recombinant Tissue Plasminogen-Activator in Embolic Stroke. Neurosurgery, 24 (3),
   355-360
Ropper, A.H., Wechsler, L.R. and Wilson, L.S. (1982), Carotid Bruit and the Risk of
   Stroke in Elective Surgery. New England Journal of Medicine, 307 (22), 1388-1390
Wilhelmsen, L., Svardsudd, K., Korsanbengtsen, K., Larsson, B., Welin, L. and Tibblin,
   G. (1984), Fibrinogen As A Risk Factor for Stroke and Myocardial- Infarction. New
   England Journal of Medicine, 311 (8), 501-505
Barnett, H.J.M. (1985), Failure of Extracranial Intracranial Arterial Bypass to Reduce
   the Risk of Ischemic Stroke - Results of An International Randomized Trial. New
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Abbott, R.D., Yin, Y., Reed, D.M. and Yano, K. (1986), Risk of Stroke in Male
   Cigarette Smokers. New England Journal of Medicine, 315 (12), 717-720
Gill, J.S., Zezulka, A.V., Shipley, M.J., Gill, S.K. and Beevers, D.G. (1986), Stroke and
   Alcohol-Consumption. New England Journal of Medicine, 315 (17), 1041-1046
Khaw, K.T. and Barrettconnor, E. (1987), Dietary Potassium and Stroke-Associated
   Mortality - A 12-Year Prospective Population Study. New England Journal of
   Medicine, 316 (5), 235-240
Welin, L., Svardsudd, K., Wilhelmsen, L., Larsson, B. and Tibblin, G. (1987), Analysis
   of Risk-Factors for Stroke in A Cohort of Men Born in 1913. New England Journal
   of Medicine, 317 (9), 521-526
Colditz, G.A., Bonita, R., Stampfer, M.J., Willett, W.C., Rosner, B., Speizer, F.E. and
   Hennekens, C.H. (1988), Cigarette-Smoking and Risk of Stroke in Middle-Aged
   Women. New England Journal of Medicine, 318 (15), 937-941
Gelmers, H.J., Gorter, K., Deweerdt, C.J. and Wiezer, H.J.A. (1988), A Controlled Trial
   of Nimodipine in Acute Ischemic Stroke. New England Journal of Medicine, 318 (4),
   203-207
Reed, G.L., Singer, D.E., Picard, E.H. and Desanctis, R.W. (1988), Stroke Following
   Coronary-Artery Bypass-Surgery - A Case Control Estimate of the Risk from Carotid
   Bruits. New England Journal of Medicine, 319 (19), 1246-1250
Stampfer, M.J., Colditz, G.A., Willett, W.C., Speizer, F.E. and Hennekens, C.H. (1988),
   A Prospective-Study of Moderate Alcohol-Consumption and the Risk of
   Coronary-Disease and Stroke in Women. New England Journal of Medicine, 319 (5),
   267-273
Lechat, P., Mas, J.L., Lascault, G., Loron, P., Theard, M., Klimczac, M., Drobinski, G.,
   Thomas, D. and Grosgogeat, Y. (1988), Prevalence of Patent Foramen Ovale in
   Patients with Stroke. New England Journal of Medicine, 318 (18), 1148-1152
Hass, W.K., Easton, J.D., Adams, H.P., Prysephillips, W., Molony, B.A., Anderson, S.
   and Kamm, B. (1989), A Randomized Trial Comparing Ticlopidine Hydrochloride
   with Aspirin for the Prevention of Stroke in High-Risk Patients. New England
   Journal of Medicine, 321 (8), 501-507
Iso, H., Jacobs, D.R., Wentworth, D., Neaton, J.D. and Cohen, J.D. (1989),
   Serum-Cholesterol Levels and 6-Year Mortality from Stroke in 350,977 Men
   Screened for the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial. New England Journal of
   Medicine, 320 (14), 904-910
Kistler, J.P. (1990), The Effect of Low-Dose Warfarin on the Risk of Stroke in Patients
   with Nonrheumatic Atrial-Fibrillation. New England Journal of Medicine, 323 (22),
   1505-1511
Mcbride, R. (1990), Preliminary-Report of the Stroke Prevention in Atrial- Fibrillation
   Study. New England Journal of Medicine, 322 (12), 863-868
Crane, P. (1986), Fighting A Stroke. New Society, 75 (1202), 56-57
Simpson, F.O. (1987), No Evidence That Treatment of Hypertension Does Not Explain
   Much of the Decline in Mortality from Stroke in New-Zealand. New Zealand
   Medical Journal, 100 (828), 452-453
Bonita, R. and Beaglehole, R. (1987), The Decline in Stroke Mortality - the Limited
   Role of Antihypertensive Therapy. New Zealand Medical Journal, 100 (828),
   454-456
Malcolm, L.A., Kawachi, I., Jackson, R. and Bonita, R. (1988), Is the Pharmacological
   Treatment of Mild to Moderate Hypertension Cost-Effective in Stroke Prevention.
   New Zealand Medical Journal, 101 (843), 167-171
Bonita, R. (1988), Rehabilitation Services Received by Stroke Patients - the Auckland
   Stroke Study. New Zealand Medical Journal, 101 (854), 595-597
Bonita, R. and Beaglehole, R. (1988), Hospital Bed Use by Stroke Patients - the
   Auckland Stroke Study. New Zealand Medical Journal, 101 (851), 497-499
Friedman, P.J. (1990), Stroke Rehabilitation in the Elderly - A New
   Patient-Management System. New Zealand Medical Journal, 103 (890), 234-236
Keywords: STROKE
Kania, N. (1987), Reduction of Primary Noise Originating from A Crankcase-
   Scavenged 2-Stroke Engine. Noise Control Engineering Journal, 28 (2), 66-81
Siewers, C.F. (1982), Stroke Rehabilitation. North Carolina Medical Journal, 43 (4),
   289
Mclimore, P.G. (1986), Essence of A Stroke. North Carolina Medical Journal, 47 (5),
   269-270
Kessler, C., Henningsen, H., Reuther, R., Antalics, I. and Kimmig, B. (1985),
   Scintigraphy with In-111 Labeled Platelets - Follow Up in Stroke Patients Treated
   with Acetylsalicylicacid (Ass). Nuc Compact-European-American Communications
   in Nuclear Medicine, 16 (1), 30-31
Ziada, G., Bacharach, S., Constantinides, C. and Abdeldayem, H.M. (1990),
   Asynchronism Index - A New Method of Analysis for Cardiac Wall Motion
   Abnormality from the Radionuclide Gated Blood Pool Studies. Nuc
   Compact-European-American Communications in Nuclear Medicine, 21 (2),
   46-48.
Abstract: Regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMA) are thought to be highly
   specific diagnostic indicators for the presence of coronary artery disease when
   documented by radionuclide ventriculography (RNV). By using the amplitude and
   stroke count images of the RNV we have introduced a new computer generated
   parameter, the "Asynchronism Index", which is sensitive for detection of RWMA
Keywords:                     FUNCTION                     IMAGES/RADIONUCLIDE
   VENTRICULOGRAPHY/REGIONAL WALL MOTION ABNORMALITIES
Killen, A.R., Oster, G. and Colditz, G.A. (1989), An Assessment of the Role of
   I-123-N-Isopropyl-Para-       Iodoamphetamine with Single-Photon           Emission
   Computed-Tomography in the Diagnosis of Stroke and Alzheimers-Disease. Nuclear
   Medicine Communications, 10 (4), 271-284
Gieschke, R., Reuter, R., Figulla, H.R. and Luig, H. (1983), A New Nuclear-Medicine
   Method of Calculating Left-Ventricular Stroke Volume. Nuklearmedizin, 22 (6),
   294-299
Blank, D.A. and Shih, T.M. (1989), Conjugate Conduction-Convection Heat-Transfer
   Model for 4- Stroke Heat-Barrier-Piston Engines. Numerical Heat Transfer, 15 (3),
   357-382
Blank, D.A. (1990), Conjugate Conduction Convection Heat-Transfer Model for the
   Valve Flow-Field Region of 4-Stroke Piston Engines. Numerical Heat Transfer Part
   A-Applications, 18 (3), 283-308
Blank, D.A. and Shih, T.M. (1990), Hypergolic Combustion Model for 4-Stroke
   Heat-Barrier Piston Engines. Numerical Heat Transfer Part A-Applications, 17 (1),
   1-28
Smithbrady, R. (1982), Assessing Adherence in Stroke Victims. Nursing Clinics of
   North America, 17 (3), 499-512
Tellisnayak, M. (1986), The Challenge of the Nursing Role in the Rehabilitation of the
   Elderly Stroke Patient. Nursing Clinics of North America, 21 (2), 339-343
Bukowski, L., Bonavolonta, M., Keehn, M.T. and Morgan, K.A. (1986),
   Interdisciplinary Roles in Stroke Care. Nursing Clinics of North America, 21 (2),
   359-374
Dudas, S. (1986), Nursing Diagnoses and Interventions for the Rehabilitation of the
   Stroke Patient. Nursing Clinics of North America, 21 (2), 345-357
Goetter, W. (1986), Nursing Diagnoses and Interventions with the Acute Stroke Patient.
   Nursing Clinics of North America, 21 (2), 309-319
Kasuya, A. and Holm, K. (1986), Pharmacological Approach to Ischemic Stroke
   Management. Nursing Clinics of North America, 21 (2), 289-296
Pimental, P.A. (1986), Alterations in Communication - Biopsychosocial Aspects of
   Aphasia, Dysarthria, and Right-Hemisphere Syndromes in the Stroke Patient.
   Nursing Clinics of North America, 21 (2), 321-337
Katz, M., Kroll, D., Pak, I., Osimoni, A. and Hirsch, M. (1985), Puerperal Hypertension,
   Stroke, and Seizures After Suppression of Lactation with Bromocriptine. Obstetrics
   and Gynecology, 66 (6), 822-824
Shah, S.K., Harasymiw, S.J. and Stahl, P.L. (1986), Stroke Rehabilitation - Outcome
   Based on Brunnstrom Recovery Stages. Occupational Therapy Journal of Research,
   6 (6), 365-376
Eriksson, S., Bernspang, B. and Fuglmeyer, A.R. (1988), Perceptual and Motor
   Impairment Within 2 Weeks After A Stroke - A Multifactorial Statistical Approach.
   Occupational Therapy Journal of Research, 8 (2), 114-125
Bernspang, B., Viitanen, M. and Eriksson, S. (1989), Impairments of Perceptual and
   Motor Functions - Their Influence on Self-Care Ability 4 to 6 Years After A Stroke.
   Occupational Therapy Journal of Research, 9 (1), 27-37
Poole, J.L., Whitney, S.L., Hangeland, N. and Baker, C. (1990), The Effectiveness of
   Inflatable Pressure Splints on Motor Function in Stroke Patients. Occupational
   Therapy Journal of Research, 10 (6), 360-366
Keywords: INFLATABLE PRESSURE SPLINTS MOTOR FUNCTION/STROKE
Shute, R.H. and Woodhouse, J.M. (1990), Visual Fitness to Drive After Stroke Or
   Head-Injury. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 10 (4), 327-332
Heick, A., Birketsmith, M., Fedders, O. and Brun, B. (1987), Dilatation of Pupils in A
   Top of the Basilar Stroke - Case- Report. Ophthalmic Research, 19 (5), 292-297
Patterson, R.H. (1988), Stroke - An Overview. Ophthalmology, 95 (10), 1473-1475
Jeng, B.S. (1989), Optical Chinese Character-Recognition Using Accumulated Stroke
   Features. Optical Engineering, 28 (7), 793-799
Myers, D.E., Davis, S. and Barker, J.N. (1981), Evaluation of Lingual Artery
   Hemodynamics in Stroke Patients Using Doppler Ultrasound. Oral Surgery Oral
   Medicine Oral Pathology Oral Radiology and Endodontics, 51 (3), 252-255
Hupp, J.R. and Nance, E.P. (1987), Stroke Following Temporomandibular
   Arthrography. Oral Surgery Oral Medicine Oral Pathology Oral Radiology and
   Endodontics, 64 (4), 411-412
Kushner, M. and Peters, R.W. (1986), Prolonged Sinus Arrest Complicating A
   Thrombotic Stroke. Pace-Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, 9 (2), 248-249
Stangl, K., Wirtzfeld, A., Heinze, R., Laule, M., Seitz, K. and Gobl, G. (1988), A New
   Multisensor Pacing System Using Stroke Volume, Respiratory Rate, Mixed Venous
   Oxygen-Saturation, and Temperature, Right Atrial Pressure, Right Ventricular
   Pressure, and Dp Dt. Pace-Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, 11 (6), 712-724
Matsui, T. and Hosobuchi, Y. (1989), The Effects of Cervical Spinal-Cord Stimulation
   (Cscs) on Experimental Stroke. Pace-Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, 12 (4),
   726-732
Menozzi, C., Brignole, M., Moracchini, P.V., Lolli, G., Bacchi, M., Tesorieri, M.C.,
   Tosoni, G.D. and Bollini, R. (1990), Intrapatient Comparison Between Chronic Vvir
   and Ddd Pacing in Patients Affected by High Degree Av Block Without
   Heart-Failure. Pace-Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, 13 (12), 1816-1822.
Abstract: In patients affected by high degree AV block without preexisting congestive
   heart failure there is no definite demonstration that DDD pacing gives real clinical
   advantages in respect to VVIR pacing. We performed an intrapatient, long- term
   study between the two pacing modes in 14 high degree AV block patients, using the
   Medtronic Synergyst 7027 dual chamber pacemaker, who could be programmed
   alternatively in DDD or VVIR mode. After a 4-week run-in period following the
   pacemaker implant, patients completed a randomized, double-blind, cross- over
   study to compare the effect of 6-week period VVIR and DDD pacing on symptoms
   and cardiovascular parameters. A semiquantitative score scale was used to quantify
   the symptoms of general well-being, palpitations, dizziness, pulsating sensation in
   the neck or abdomen, shortness of breath at rest and during effort, chest pain, and
   NYHA classification. The sum of symptom scores was 10.4 +/- 6.7 in VVIR period
   and 4.6 +/- 2.7 in DDD period (P < 0.001); five patients (36%) crossed over early
   from VVIR to DDD because of intolerable symptoms; overall, eight patients
   preferred the DDD mode and no one preferred the VVIR. Cardiac output at rest
   (echo-Doppler method) was 4.7 +/- 1.4 versus 5.7 +/- 1.6 liter/min (P < 0.01), body
  weight was 65.9 +/- 6.6 versus 64.9 +/- 6.1 kg(P < 0.02), atrial natriuretic peptide
  was 236 +/- 112 versus 198 +/- 110 pg/mL (P < 0.01), respectively, during VVIR and
  DDD modes. Effort tolerance was similar with the two modes of pacing (68 +/- 15 vs
  70 +/- 18 watts/min). In conclusion, hemodynamic advantages of atrial
  synchronization reflect a better quality of life for the patients even if an individual
  variability exists
Keywords:            ATRIAL/AV              BLOCK/PACEMAKER/PHYSIOLOGICAL
  PACING/PULSED DOPPLER/STROKE VOLUME/VENTRICULAR PACING
Talit, U., Leach, C.N., Werner, M.S. and Schulman, P. (1990), The Effect of External
  Cardiac Pacing on Stroke Volume. Pace-Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, 13
  (5), 598-602
Occhetta, E., Piccinino, C., Francalacci, G., Magnani, A., Bolognese, L., Devecchi, P.,
  Rognoni, G. and Rossi, P. (1990), Lack of Influence of Atrioventricular Delay on
  Stroke Volume at Rest in Patients with Complete Atrioventricular-Block and Dual
  Chamber Pacing. Pace-Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, 13 (7), 916-926
Wessale, J.L., Voelz, M.B. and Geddes, L.A. (1990), Stroke Volume and the 3-Phase
  Cardiac-Output Rate Relationship with Ventricular Pacing. Pace-Pacing and
  Clinical Electrophysiology, 13 (5), 673-680
Lau, C.P., Wong, C.K., Leung, W.H. and Liu, W.X. (1990), Superior Cardiac
  Hemodynamics of Atrioventricular Synchrony Over Rate Responsive Pacing at
  Submaximal Exercise - Observations in Activity Sensing Dddr Pacemakers.
  Pace-Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, 13 (12), 1832-1837.
Abstract: The relative hemodynamic profile between dual chamber pacing (DDD) and
  activity sensing rate responsive pacing (VVIR) was compared in ten patients with
  dual chamber rate responsive pacemakers (Synergist II). With a double blind,
  randomized exercise protocol, DDDR pacemakers were programmed into VVI,
  VVIR, and DDD (AV interval 150 msec) modes and in seven patients the test in the
  DDD mode was repeated with the AV interval programmed at 75 msec. A treadmill
  exercise test of 6-minutes duration (2 stages, Stage I at 2 mph, 0% gradient and Stage
  II at 2 mph, 15% gradient) was performed at each of the programmed settings, with a
  rest period of 30 minutes in between tests. Cardiac output was assessed using
  continuous- wave Doppler sampling ascending aortic flow and expressed as a
  percentage of the value achieved during VVI pacing. During exercise, pacing rate
  between DDD and VVIR pacing was similar but was higher with DDD at the first
  minute of recovery (91 +/- 4 vs 81 +/- 3 beats/min, respectively). Cardiac output was
  significantly higher at rest, during low level exercise, and recovery with DDD pacing
  compared with VVIR pacing (resting: 21 +/- 14 vs -2 +/- 7%; Stage I: 36 +/- 6 vs 16
  +/- 7%; Stage II: 25 +/- 15 vs 10 +/- 8%; recovery: 26 +/- 12 vs 4 +/- 9%; P < 0.05 in
  all cases). Systolic blood pressure was significantly higher during low level of
  exercise in the DDD mode. Shortening of the AV interval to 75 msec did not
  significantly affect cardiac output during exercise, but cardiac output after exercise
  was reduced (2 +/- 6 vs 23 +/- 6% at an AV interval of 150 msec, P < 0.02). By
  enhancing the stroke volume, DDD pacing improves cardiac hemodynamics at rest,
  during low level exercise, and early postexercise recovery
Keywords:                      AV                    INTERVAL/BENEFITS/CARDIAC
  HEMODYNAMICS/DOPPLER/DUAL CHAMBER AND RATE RESPONSIVE
  PACING/DUAL-CHAMBER PACEMAKERS/HEART-BLOCK/REST/STROKE
  VOLUME
Boivie, J., Leijon, G. and Johansson, I. (1989), Central Post-Stroke Pain - A Study of
  the Mechanisms Through Analyses of the Sensory Abnormalities. Pain, 37 (2),
   173-185
Leijon, G. and Boivie, J. (1989), Central Post-Stroke Pain - A Controlled Trial of
   Amitriptyline and Carbamazepine. Pain, 36 (1), 27-36
Leijon, G., Boivie, J. and Johansson, I. (1989), Central Post-Stroke Pain - Neurological
   Symptoms and Pain Characteristics. Pain, 36 (1), 13-25
Holmgren, H., Leijon, G., Boivie, J., Johansson, I. and Ilievska, L. (1990), Central
   Post-Stroke Pain - Somatosensory Evoked-Potentials in Relation to Location of the
   Lesion and Sensory Signs. Pain, 40 (1), 43-52
Keywords: NETHERLANDS/PAIN
Hommel, M., Pradere, J., Guell, A., Bousquet, J. and Bes, A. (1982), Blood
   Biorheology and Ischemic Stroke. Pathologie Biologie, 30 (7), 615-619
Candelise, L., Albanese, V., Bono, G., Brambilla, L., Dezanche, L., Inzitari, D., Mariani,
   F., Nardini, M., Argentino, C., Prencipe, M., Rasura, M. and Fieschi, C. (1982),
   Prognosis of Treated Recent Reversible Ischemic Attacks (Rias) - Analysis of
   Recurrence of Rias, Stroke and Death According to the Pathogenesis, Angiographic
   Findings and Risk-Factors - Identification of High-Risk Rias. Pathologie Biologie,
   30 (7), 621-624
Chao, T.C., Sinniah, R. and Pakiam, J.E. (1981), Acute Heat-Stroke Deaths. Pathology,
   13 (1), 145-156
Ikeda, K., Yamamura, T., Mitamura, Y., Fujiwara, S., Tominaga, Y. and Kiyono, T.
   (1981), Online Recognition of Hand-Written Characters Utilizing Positional and
   Stroke Vector Sequences. Pattern Recognition , 13 (3), 191-206
Ogawa, H. and Taniguchi, K. (1982), Thinning and Stroke Segmentation for
   Handwritten Chinese Character-Recognition. Pattern Recognition, 15 (4), 299-308
Lee, S.W. and Kim, J.H. (1989), Unconstrained Seal Imprint Verification Using
   Attributed Stroke Graph Matching. Pattern Recognition, 22 (6), 653-664
Lee, S.W. and Kim, J.H. (1989), Attributed Stroke Graph Matching for Seal Imprint
   Verification. Pattern Recognition Letters, 9 (2), 137-145
Liao, C.W. and Huang, J.S. (1990), Stroke Segmentation by Bernstein-Bezier Curve
   Fitting. Pattern Recognition, 23 (5), 475-484
Kelley, R.E. and Berger, J.R. (1987), Ischemic Stroke in A Girl with Lupus
   Anticoagulant. Pediatric Neurology, 3 (1), 58-61
Coker, S.B., Beltran, R.S., Myers, T.F. and Hmura, L. (1988), Neonatal Stroke -
   Description of Patients and Investigation Into Pathogenesis. Pediatric Neurology, 4
   (4), 219-223
Lindner, W., Seidel, M., Versmold, H.T., Dohlemann, C. and Riegel, K.P. (1990),
   Stroke Volume and Left-Ventricular Output in Preterm Infants with Patent
   Ductus-Arteriosus. Pediatric Research, 27 (3), 278-281
Glueck, C.J., Daniels, S.R., Bates, S., Benton, C., Tracy, T. and Third, J.L.H. (1982),
   Pediatric Victims of Unexplained Stroke and Their Families - Familial Lipid and
   Lipoprotein Abnormalities. Pediatrics, 69 (3), 308-316
Riege, W.H., Harker, J.O., Metter, E.J. and Hanson, W.R. (1982), Recognition of
   Designs After A Unilateral Stroke. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 54 (2), 538
Cushman, L. and Caplan, B. (1987), Multiple Memory-Systems - Evidence from Stroke.
   Perceptual and Motor Skills, 64 (2), 571-577
Eason, R.L., Smith, T.L. and Plaisance, E. (1989), Effects of Proactive-Interference on
   Learning the Tennis Backhand Stroke. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 68 (3), 923-930
Joynt, R.J. and Feibel, J.H. (1982), Stroke - Another View. Perspectives in Biology and
   Medicine, 26 (1), 116-126
Gryglewski, R.J., Nowak, S., Kostkatrabka, E., Bieron, K., Dembinskakiec, A.,
  Blaszczyk, B., Kusmiderski, J., Markowska, E. and Szmatola, S. (1982), Clinical Use
  of Prostacyclin (Pgi2) in Ischemic Stroke. Pharmacological Research
  Communications, 14 (9), 879-908
Tayeb, O.S. and Marzouki, Z.M.H. (1990), Effect of Dantrolene Pretreatment on
  Heat-Stroke in Sheep. Pharmacological Research , 22 (5), 565-572
Mortensen, E., Tande, P.M., Klow, N.E. and Refsum, H. (1990), Plasma-Concentrations
  and Hemodynamic-Effects of D-Sotalol After Beta-Blockade in Dogs.
  Pharmacology & Toxicology, 67 (5), 420-425.
Abstract: This study was designed to investigate the haemodynamic effects of d-sotalol
  at plasma concentrations producing class III antiarrhythmic effects. d-Sotalol 1, 4
  and 10 mg/kg intravenously was given after beta-blockade (propranolol 0.25 mg/kg
  intravenously) to seven pentobarbital anaesthetized dogs. Left ventricular (LV)
  systolic and end-diastolic pressures, LV dP/dt(max), mean aortic pressure, stroke
  volume, cardiac output and total peripheral resistance were not significantly changed
  by d-sotalol. There was a linear correlation between the dose of d-sotalol infused and
  the plasma concentration of d-sotalol obtained. Heart rate decreased and QT-time
  increased with increasing plasma concentrations of d-sotalol, whereas the QRS-
  width did not change. There was a linear correlation between the decrease in heart
  rate and the increase in QT-time, and between the plasma concentration of d-sotalol
  and increase in QT-time. In conclusion, the study indicates that after beta- blockade
  d-sotalol has no cardiodepressive effects at concentrations that prolong repolarization
Keywords:                                                        ACTION-POTENTIAL
  DURATION/ARRHYTHMIAS/ATRIAL/COPENHAGEN/DEXTROROTATORY
  ISOMERS/ISOLATED CARDIAC-MUSCLE/OPTICAL ISOMERS/POSITIVE
  INOTROPY/PROLONGATION/RACEMIC SOTALOL/REFRACTORINESS
Ortiz, A., Macdonall, J.S., Wakade, C.G. and Karpiak, S.E. (1990), Gm1 Ganglioside
  Reduces Cognitive Dysfunction After Focal Cortical Ischemia. Pharmacology
  Biochemistry and Behavior, 37 (4), 679-684.
Abstract: The functional consequences of cortical focal ischemia and the effect of
  monosialoganglioside (GM1) treatment on learning/performance of a spatial reversal
  task were investigated. Cortical focal ischemia was induced by a permanent
  occlusion of the left common carotid artery and the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery,
  with a 1-h clamping of the contralateral carotid artery. Twenty-six rats were
  randomly assigned to three groups: sham controls, a saline-treated ischemic group,
  and a GM1 ganglioside-treated ischemic group (10 mg/kg/day: IM). Fifteen days
  after surgery rats were trained on a spatial reversal task in a two-lever operant
  chamber where food reward was contingent on lever pressing. Training continued
  from day 15 to day 21 after surgery. Cortical focal ischemia resulted in
  learning/performance deficits that were reduced by GM1 ganglioside treatment. The
  cognitive deficits were characterized by a significantly higher number of
  nonperseverative errors and number of responses to criterion. There was a significant
  difference between left and right lever performance in the saline-treated ischemic
  group, which was absent in shams and GM1-treated ischemic rats. On all measures
  GM1-treated rats were not different from sham controls
Keywords:                                                                    CORTICAL
  STROKE/GANGLIOSIDE/GM1/INFARCTION/INJURY/ISCHEMIA/LEARNING
  /LESIONS/MEMORY/PARIETAL/PARIETAL                                     ASSOCIATION
  CORTEX/PERSEVERATION/RATS/STROKE/THERAPY/TRANSIENT
  FOREBRAIN ISCHEMIA
Czlonkowska, A. and Cyrta, B. (1988), Effect of Naloxone on Acute Stroke.
   Pharmacopsychiatry, 21 (2), 98-100
Camu, F., Vanoverberge, L., Bullingham, R. and Lloyd, J. (1990),
   Hemodynamic-Effects of 2 Intravenous Doses of Ketorolac Tromethamine
   Compared with Morphine. Pharmacotherapy, 10 (6), S122-S126.
Abstract: The cardiovascular effects of intravenous administration of ketorolac
   tromethamine 10 and 90 mg were measured and compared with those of morphine
   sulfate 10 mg in 18 anesthetized patients after major vascular surgery. Morphine
   caused a significant reduction in mean arterial pressure, left cardiac work index, and
   left ventricular stroke work index. Stroke volume index, cardiac output, and
   pulmonary artery pressures decreased to a lesser extent. Ketorolac at either dose was
   not associated with any significant change in cardiac and hemodynamic parameters.
   The data suggest that even high doses of the drug may be safely administered in
   clinical situations where hypotension is disadvantageous or where reduction in
   afterload is not a specific therapeutic aim
Keywords:
   MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION/PAIN/PENTAZOCINE/SULFATE/SURGERY
Carr, J.H., Shepherd, R.B., Nordholm, L. and Lynne, D. (1985), Investigation of A New
   Motor-Assessment Scale for Stroke Patients. Physical Therapy, 65 (2), 175-180
Chiou, I.I.L. and Burnett, C.N. (1985), Values of Activities of Daily Living - A Survey
   of Stroke Patients and Their Home Therapists. Physical Therapy, 65 (6), 901-906
Dickstein, R., Hocherman, S., Pillar, T. and Shaham, R. (1986), Stroke Rehabilitation -
   3 Exercise Therapy Approaches. Physical Therapy, 66 (8), 1233-1238
Bohannon, R.W. and Smith, M.B. (1987), Assessment of Strength Deficits in 8 Paretic
   Upper Extremity Muscle Groups of Stroke Patients with Hemiplegia. Physical
   Therapy, 67 (4), 522-525
Bohannon, R.W. (1987), Relative Decreases in Knee Extension Torque with Increased
   Knee Extension Velocities in Stroke Patients with Hemiparesis. Physical Therapy,
   67 (8), 1218-1220
Bohannon, R.W., Larkin, P.A., Smith, M.B. and Horton, M.G. (1987), Relationship
   Between Static Muscle Strength Deficits and Spasticity in Stroke Patients with
   Hemiparesis. Physical Therapy, 67 (7), 1068-1071
Seitz, R.H., Allred, K.E., Backus, M.E. and Hoffman, J.A. (1987), Functional-Changes
   During Acute Rehabilitation in Patients with Stroke. Physical Therapy, 67 (11),
   1685-1690
Leone, J.A. and Kukulka, C.G. (1988), Effects of Tendon Pressure on
   Alpha-Motoneuron Excitability in Patients with Stroke. Physical Therapy, 68 (4),
   475-480
Andrews, A.W. and Bohannon, R.W. (1989), Decreased Shoulder Range of Motion on
   Paretic Side After Stroke. Physical Therapy, 69 (9), 768-776
Olney, S.J., Colborne, G.R. and Martin, C.S. (1989), Joint Angle Feedback and
   Biomechanical Gait Analysis in Stroke Patients - A Case-Report. Physical Therapy,
   69 (10), 863-870
Goldie, P.A., Matyas, T.A., Spencer, K.I. and Mcginley, R.B. (1990), Postural Control
   in Standing Following Stroke - Test-Retest Reliability of Some Quantitative
   Clinical-Tests. Physical Therapy, 70 (4), 234-243
Paxton, A.H., Gardner, R.L. and Baker, L. (1986), Lightning Return Stroke - A
   Numerical-Calculation of the Optical Radiation. Physics of Fluids, 29 (8), 2736-2741
Beevers, D.G. and Cruickshank, J.K. (1981), Age, Sex, Ethnic-Origin and Hospital
   Admission for Heart-Attack and Stroke. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 57 (674),
   763-765
Johnston, J.H., Dunn, F.G., Beevers, D.G., Larkin, H. and Titterington, D.M. (1981),
   The Importance of Good Blood-Pressure Control in the Prevention of Stroke
   Recurrence in Hypertensive Patients. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 57 (673),
   690-693
Jarman, C.M.B. (1982), Living with Stroke. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 58 (684),
   606-609
Lim, M.L. and Ebrahim, S.B.J. (1983), Depression After Stroke - A Hospital Treatment
   Survey. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 59 (694), 489-491
Humphrey, P.R.D. and Harrison, M.J.G. (1985), How Often Can An Embolic Stroke be
   Diagnosed Clinically - A Clinicopathological Correlation. Postgraduate Medical
   Journal, 61 (722), 1039-1042
Cox, N.H. and Lorains, J.W. (1986), The Prognostic Value of Blood-Glucose and
   Glycosylated Hemoglobin Estimation in Patients with Stroke. Postgraduate Medical
   Journal, 62 (723), 7-10
Gray, C.S., French, J.M., Bates, D., Cartlidge, N.E.F., Venables, G.S. and James,
   O.F.W. (1989), Increasing Age, Diabetes-Mellitus and Recovery from Stroke.
   Postgraduate Medical Journal, 65 (768), 720-724
Radhakrishnan, K., Thacker, A.K., Maloo, J.C. and Elmangoush, M.A. (1990),
   Sickle-Cell Trait and Stroke in the Young-Adult. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 66
   (782), 1078-1080.
Abstract: Two young patients with sickle cell trait (AS haemaglobinopathy) and
   ischaemic stroke are reported. The stroke involved the internal carotid artery territory
   in one and the brainstem in the other. A review of the literature is presented to
   suggest that the association of sickle cell trait and cerebral infarction is more than
   coincidental. Haemoglobin electrophoresis should be undertaken routinely in young
   subjects with ischaemic stroke
Keywords: BRITISH/CEREBRAL INFARCTIONS
Peck, K., Shinton, R. and Beevers, G. (1990), Is Serum Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase
   A Good Marker of Alcohol Intake in Stroke Patients. Postgraduate Medical Journal,
   66 (779), 710-713
Keywords: BRITISH/SEP
Briggs, R.S. (1982), Stroke Management of the Elderly in Great-Britain. Postgraduate
   Medicine, 71 (4), 101-&
Massey, E.W. (1982), Peroneal Palsy in Stroke Patients. Postgraduate Medicine, 71
   (6), 109-114
Weiner, S.R. (1982), Atrial-Myxoma As Cause of Stroke and Tia in A Young Man.
   Postgraduate Medicine, 72 (2), 270-271
Anderson, D.C. (1983), Non-Invasive Carotid Testing in Threatened Stroke .1.
   Principles and Techniques. Postgraduate Medicine, 74 (2), 239-245
Schuchmann, J.A. (1983), Stroke Rehabilitation - Minimizing the Functional Deficits.
   Postgraduate Medicine, 74 (5), 101-&
Anderson, D.C. (1983), Non-Invasive Carotid Testing in Threatened Stroke .2.
   Predictive Performance. Postgraduate Medicine, 74 (2), 249-&
Redman, J.C., Peloso, O.A., Milne, R.L., Kaminsky, N.I., Ellis, S.C., Wolfel, D.A. and
   Martinez, P.U. (1983), Asymptomatic Pheochromocytoma - Diagnosis After
   Hemorrhagic Stroke in A Middle-Aged Patient. Postgraduate Medicine, 73 (4),
   279-&
Furlan, A.J. (1984), Transient Ischemic Attacks - Strategies for Minimizing Stroke Risk.
   Postgraduate Medicine, 75 (6), 183-&
Rivera, V.M. (1985), Stroke - A Guide to Differential-Diagnosis and Prevention.
   Postgraduate Medicine, 77 (4), 81-88
Tikare, S.K., Chaudhary, B.A. and Bandisode, M.S. (1985), Hypertension and Stroke in
   A Young Man with Obstructive Sleep- Apnea Syndrome. Postgraduate Medicine, 78
   (7), 59-&
Foster, J.W. and Hart, R.G. (1986), Antithrombotic Therapy for
   Cerebrovascular-Disease - Prevention and Treatment of Stroke. Postgraduate
   Medicine, 80 (8), 199-206
Tepperman, P.S., Soric, R. and Devlin, H.T.M. (1986), Stroke Rehabilitation - A
   Problem-Oriented Approach. Postgraduate Medicine, 80 (8), 158-&
Ferris, E.B. (1986), Noninvasive Testing for Carotid-Artery Atherosclerosis - A Key
   Role in Diagnosis of Stroke. Postgraduate Medicine, 80 (4), 105-&
Nakano, K.K. (1986), An Overview of Stroke - Epidemiology, Classification, Risk-
   Factors, Clinical Aspects. Postgraduate Medicine, 80 (4), 82-&
Mccabe, M.J. (1986), Diagnostic Neuroimaging in Stroke - the Complementary Roles
   of Referring Physician and Neuroradiologist. Postgraduate Medicine, 80 (4), 117-&
Edmeads, J. (1987), Headache in Cerebrovascular-Disease - A Common Symptom of
   Stroke. Postgraduate Medicine, 81 (8), 191-&
Biller, J. and Adams, H.P. (1987), Diagnosis of Stroke in Young-Adults. Postgraduate
   Medicine, 81 (5), 141-&
Furlan, A.J. (1988), Unexplained Acute Changes in Behavior - When to Think of Stroke.
   Postgraduate Medicine, 84 (2), 136-&
Gorelick, P.B. (1989), Treatment of Ischemic Stroke - Lessons from Clinical-Trials.
   Postgraduate Medicine, 86 (8), 107-118
Alberts, M.J. (1989), Diagnosis of Acute Stroke - How to Relate Presentation to
   Vascular Anatomy. Postgraduate Medicine, 86 (8), 95-&
Gorelick, P.B. (1990), Stroke from Alcohol and Drug-Abuse - A Current Social Peril.
   Postgraduate Medicine, 88 (2), 171-&
Steiner, T.J. and Rose, F.C. (1983), An Emergency Domiciliary Stroke Unit.
   Practitioner, 227 (1377), 457-&
Steiner, T.J. (1984), Transient Ischemic Attack and Mild Completed Stroke.
   Practitioner, 228 (1390), 387-393
Wade, D.T. (1986), Acute Stroke. Practitioner, 230 (1412), 133-&
Boyd, R.V. (1987), The Rehabilitation of Stroke Illness. Practitioner, 231 (1431),
   890-&
Fustinoni, O. (1982), Current Approach to the Therapy of the Cerebral Vascular Stroke.
   Prensa Medica Argentina, 69 (4), 139-145
Pusajo, J.F., Doglio, G.R., Egurrola, A.M., Parra, C., Hernandez, M.S., Salvador, M.C.,
   Bonfigli, G. and Rodriguez, A.H. (1990), Evaluation of Basal Hemodynamic
   Parameters in Human Septic Shock in A Late Phase - Prognostic Value in 40 Cases.
   Prensa Medica Argentina, 77 (8), 38-43.
Abstract: Septic shock (SS) is characterized by initial hyperdynamic hemodinamic
   profile followed by hypodynamic state. This last state includes multiple factors in its
   origin. In non hyperdynamic SS the predictive value of hemodynacim parameters
   (HP) are discussed. We analized in 40 septic patients (P) without hyperdynamic
   status (cardiac - index [Cl] < 3 1/min/m2) and without hypovolemia (wedg pressure
   (WP) > 12 Torr). Baseline's HP (heart and respiratory rates, mean arterial pressure,
   mean pulmonary pressure, WP Cl, work stroke index, systemic vascular resistance,
   pulmonary vascular resistance [PVR], arterio-venous 02 difference; oxigen
   consumption and minuted diuresis) and its relationship with vital evolution.
   Mortality was 77.5 %. We considered two groups of P: either survivals (S) or not
   survivals (NS), from baseline HP only PVR was significantly different between both
   (p < .01) (greater in NS). Cl was greater in S than NS, if we considered those with
   similar WP value (> 12 Torr). The conclusions are: - High mortality of non
   hyperdynamic state sepsis. - Usefulness of PVR as predictive index in septic patients
   with low Cl and without hypovolemia. - Possible development of highen right
   ventricular disfunction secundary to changes in the pulmonary vascular bed
Malach, I. and Basaluzzo, J.M. (1990), Prospective-Study of Dexamethasone, Mannitol
   and Fluid Restriction in the Management of Acute Cerebrovascular Stroke. Prensa
   Medica Argentina, 77 (5), 45-48
Forette, F., Delafuente, X., Golmard, J.L., Henry, J.F. and Hervy, M.P. (1983),
   Hypertension and Risk of Stroke in the Elderly - Results of A 10 Year Longitudinal
   Survey. Presse Medicale, 12 (48), 3036-3038
Harrison, M.J.G. (1983), The Role of Hematocrit in Stroke. Presse Medicale, 12 (48),
   3095-3097
Giroud, M., Chirpaz, L., Beuriat, P., Dathis, P., Dusserre, L., Binnert, D. and Dumas, R.
   (1987), Hyperglycemia in Acute Stroke - A Factor of Bad Prognosis. Presse
   Medicale, 16 (22), 1079-1082
Giroud, M., Beuriat, P., Gisselmann, A., Dusserre, L. and Dumas, R. (1989),
   Epidemiologic-Study of Acute Stroke - According to Dijon Register (1985-1988).
   Presse Medicale, 18 (22), 1103-1106
Kimura, N. (1983), Changing Patterns of Coronary Heart-Disease, Stroke, and Nutrient
   Intake in Japan. Preventive Medicine, 12 (1), 222-227
Gresham, G.E. (1982), Rehabilitation of the Geriatric-Patient - Stroke Rehabilitation,
   the Rehabilitation Team, and the Usefulness of Functional Assessment. Primary
   Care, 9 (1), 239-247
Sher, E. (1982), Improving the Performance of A Crankcase-Scavenged 2-Stroke
   Engine with A Fluid Diode. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers,
   196 (MAR), 23-34
Vafidis, C. (1984), Influence of Induction Swirl and Piston Configuration on Air- Flow
   in A 4-Stroke Model Engine. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers
   Part C- Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 198 (8), 71-79
Morse, A.P. and Whitelaw, J.H. (1981), Measurements of the In-Cylinder Flow of A
   Motored 4-Stroke Reciprocating-Engine. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
   Series A- Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 377 (1770), 309-329
Genaw, E.F. (1985), Development of A Raster Stroke Full-Color Tv Projector for
   Simulation. Proceedings of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers,
   526 59-66
Luft, F.C., Ganten, U., Meyer, D., Steinberg, H., Gless, K.H., Unger, T. and Ganten, D.
   (1988), Effect of High Calcium Diet on Magnesium, Catecholamines, and
   Blood-Pressure of Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Proceedings of
   the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, 187 (4), 474-481
Lai, F.M., Tanikella, T.K., Herzlinger, H., Shepherd, C. and Cervoni, P. (1984), Effects
   of Cl-115,347, (+/-)-15-Deoxy-16-Hydroxy-16-Vinyl-Pge2 Methyl-Ester, on
   Cardiovascular-Responses and Plasma- Catecholamines in Pithed Stroke-Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats During Sympathetic-Stimulation. Prostaglandins,
   27 (2), 273-284
Lee, T.K. and Hsieh, B.S. (1986), Effect of Acetylsalicylic-Acid on Urinary-Excretion
   of Prostaglandin-e in Stroke Patients. Prostaglandins, 32 (6), 847-855
Kornblit, H. (1983), Vignette - Psychological-Aspects of Stroke. Psychiatric Annals, 13
   (11), 893-&
Robinson, R.G. (1987), Depression and Stroke. Psychiatric Annals, 17 (11), 731-740
Ringelstein, E.B., Schneider, R. and Koschorke, S. (1989), Analysis of Patterns of
   Hemispheric Brain Infarctions on Ct - Embolic Stroke Mechanism, Territorial
   Infarctions and Lacunae. Psychiatry Research, 29 (3), 273-276
House, A., Dennis, M., Warlow, C., Hawton, K. and Molyneux, A. (1990), The
   Relationship Between Intellectual Impairment and Mood Disorder in the 1St Year
   After Stroke. Psychological Medicine, 20 (4), 805-814
Sharpe, M., Hawton, K., House, A., Molyneux, A., Sandercock, P., Bamford, J. and
   Warlow, C. (1990), Mood Disorders in Long-Term Survivors of Stroke -
   Associations with Brain Lesion Location and Volume. Psychological Medicine, 20
   (4), 815-828
Evans, R.L., Pomeroy, S., Hammond, M.C. and Halar, E.M. (1985), Family Resource
   Questionnaire - Reliability and Validity of A Social Support Measure for Families of
   Stroke Patients. Psychological Reports, 56 (2), 411-414
Noonan, W.C., Evans, R.L. and Hendricks, R. (1988), Using Personal and Family
   Variates to Predict Patients Adjustment After Stroke. Psychological Reports, 63 (1),
   247-251
Stephens, M.A.P., Kinney, J.M., Norris, V.K. and Ritchie, S.W. (1987), Social
   Networks As Assets and Liabilities in Recovery from Stroke by Geriatric-Patients.
   Psychology and Aging, 2 (2), 125-129
Schulz, R., Tompkins, C.A. and Rau, M.T. (1988), A Longitudinal-Study of the
   Psychosocial Impact of Stroke on Primary Support Persons. Psychology and Aging, 3
   (2), 131-141
Kasprowicz, A.L., Manuck, S.B., Malkoff, S.B. and Krantz, D.S. (1990),
   Individual-Differences in Behaviorally Evoked Cardiovascular- Response -
   Temporal Stability and Hemodynamic Patterning. Psychophysiology, 27 (6),
   605-619.
Abstract: This study evaluates the reproducibility of individual differences in
   behaviorally evoked cardiovascular reactivity among 39 young adult males.
   Presented also are initial data describing idiosyncratic patterns of hemodynamic
   adjustment that may underlie pressor responses to laboratory stressors. Subjects were
   administered three experimental stressors (mental arithmetic, mirror tracing, and
   bicycle exercise) on two occasions, four weeks apart. Heart rate, blood pressure, and
   impedance-derived measurements of cardiac pre-ejection period, stroke index,
   cardiac index, and total peripheral resistance were obtained during baseline and task
   periods at each session. To index task-induced "reactivity," residualized (baseline-
   adjusted) change scores were calculated for all variables; percentage change from
   baseline was also calculated for impedance-derived hemodynamic measurements.
   Test-retest (inter-session) correlations were significant for nearly all baseline, task,
   and change-score measurements. The few exceptions included diastolic blood
   pressure changes during mirror tracing and bicycle exercise and changes in stroke
   index and peripheral resistance during mental arithmetic. Although virtually all
   baseline and task correlations exceeded .60, reactivity indices yielded consistently
   lower retest correlations (significant r's = .35-.78; median r = .49). In subsequent
   analyses, subsets of individuals were identified whose reactions to mental arithmetic
   at the first laboratory session reflected changes in either cardiac output (CI reactors,
   n = 9) or total peripheral resistance (TPR reactors, n = 6), or a combination of cardiac
   and vascular influences (Mixed reactors, n = 8). This typology of hemodynamic
   response: (a) was corroborated by corresponding group differences in heart rate,
   pre-ejection period, and stroke index; (b) was reproducible on retesting; and (c)
   showed some generalization to the mirror tracing task, though not to bicycle exercise
Keywords:                                                                       BLOOD
   PRESSURE/BLOOD-PRESSURE/CARDIAC-OUTPUT/CARDIOVASCULAR
   REACTIVITY/EXERCISE/FOLLOW-                     UP/HYPERTENSION/IMPEDANCE
   CARDIOGRAPHY/REACTIVITY/RELIABILITY/REPRODUCIBILITY/STRESS
Robinson, R.G., Lipsey, J.R. and Price, T.R. (1985), Diagnosis and Clinical
   Management of Post-Stroke Depression. Psychosomatics, 26 (10), 769-&
Birketsmith, M., Knudsen, H.C., Nissen, J., Blegvad, N., Kohler, O., Rasmussen, D. and
   Wormpetersen, S. (1989), Life Events and Social Support in Prediction of Stroke
   Outcome. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 52 (1-3), 146-150
Baum, H.M. (1981), An Examination of the Demographics of Stroke Victims Using
   Prevalence and Mortality Data. Public Health, 95 (1), 9-14
Arbuckle, D.D., Harris, R.I. and Goldacre, M.J. (1982), Stroke in People Under 55
   Years of Age. Public Health, 96 (2), 96-100
Wandless, I. (1983), Hospital Referral in Acute Stroke. Public Health, 97 (4), 197-203
Oleckno, W.A. (1988), The Risk of Stroke in Young-Adults - An Analysis of the
   Contribution of Cigarette-Smoking and Alcohol-Consumption. Public Health, 102
   (1), 45-55
Baum, H.M. (1982), Stroke Prevalence - An Analysis of Data from the 1977 National-
   Health-Interview-Survey. Public Health Reports, 97 (1), 24-30
Havas, S. and Walker, B. (1986), Massachusetts Approach to the Prevention of
   Heart-Disease, Cancer, and Stroke. Public Health Reports, 101 (1), 29-39
Havas, S., Wozenski, S., Deprez, R., Miller, L., Charman, R., Hamrell, M., Green, L.
   and Benn, S. (1989), Report of the New-England Task-Force on Reducing
   Heart-Disease and Stroke Risk. Public Health Reports, 104 (2), 134-142
Allen, C.M.C. (1983), Clinical-Diagnosis of the Acute Stroke Syndrome. Quarterly
   Journal of Medicine, 52 (208), 515-523
Wade, D.T. and Hewer, R.L. (1985), Outlook After An Acute Stroke -
   Urinary-Incontinence and Loss of Consciousness Compared in 532 Patients.
   Quarterly Journal of Medicine, 56 (221), 601-608
Hosenpud, J.D., Hart, M.V., Rowles, J.R. and Morton, M.J. (1986), Maternal
   Heart-Rate and Stroke Volume in the Pygmy Goat - Effects of Exercise and Cardiac
   Autonomic Blockade. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Physiology and Cognate
   Medical Sciences, 71 (1), 59-65
Fullerton, K.J., Mackenzie, G. and Stout, R.W. (1988), Prognostic Indexes in Stroke.
   Quarterly Journal of Medicine, 66 (250), 147-162
Stout, R.W. (1989), Hyperglycemia and Stroke. Quarterly Journal of Medicine, 73
   (271), 997-1004
Barer, D.H. and Mitchell, J.R.A. (1989), Predicting the Outcome of Acute Stroke - do
   Multivariate Models Help. Quarterly Journal of Medicine, 70 (261), 27-39
Barer, D.H. (1990), The Influence of Visual and Tactile Inattention on Predictions for
   Recovery from Acute Stroke. Quarterly Journal of Medicine, 74 (273), 21-32
Meneghini, R. (1984), Application of the Lienard-Wiechert Solution to A Lightning
   Return Stroke Model. Radio Science, 19 (6), 1485-1498
Cooray, V. (1987), Effects of Propagation on the Return Stroke Radiation-Fields. Radio
   Science, 22 (5), 757-768
Gandsman, E.J., North, D.L., Shulman, R.S. and Bough, E.W. (1981), Measurement of
   the Ventricular Stroke Volume Ratio by Gated Radionuclide Angiography.
   Radiology, 138 (1), 161-165
Buonanno, F.S., Pykett, I.L., Kistler, J.P., Vielma, J., Brady, T.J., Hinshaw, W.S.,
   Goldman, M.R., Newhouse, J.H. and Pohost, G.M. (1982), Cranial Anatomy and
   Detection of Ischemic Stroke in the Cat by Nuclear Magnetic-Resonance Imaging.
   Radiology, 143 (1), 187-193
Bryan, R.N., Willcott, M.R., Schneiders, N.J., Ford, J.J. and Derman, H.S. (1983),
   Nuclear Magnetic-Resonance Evaluation of Stroke - A Preliminary-Report.
   Radiology, 149 (1), 189-192
Schwaiger, M., Ratib, O., Henze, E., Grossman, R., Dracup, K., Tillisch, J.H., Bae, J.H.
   and Schelbert, H.R. (1984), Left-Ventricular Stroke Volume Determinations from
   Radionuclide Ventriculograms - the Effects of Photon Attenuation. Radiology, 153
   (1), 235-240
Shih, T.T.F. and Huang, K.M. (1988), Acute Stroke - Detection of Changes in Cerebral
   Perfusion with Dynamic Ct Scanning. Radiology, 169 (2), 469-474
Brown, P.B., Zwiebel, W.J. and Call, G.K. (1989), Degree of Cervical Carotid-Artery
   Stenosis and Hemispheric Stroke - Duplex Us Findings. Radiology, 170 (2), 541-543
Finnertyfried, P., Myers, J.E. and Barry, J.R. (1986), Rehabilitation of Older Persons
   Disabled by Cancer, Stroke, and Heart-Disease. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin,
   29 (4), 266-277
Itoh, S., Tanaka, M., Ikemoto, F., Yamamoto, K., Morita, N. and Okamoto, K. (1986),
   Renal High-Molecular-Weight Renin - Unusual Formation in the Aged Stroke-Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Renal Physiology and Biochemistry, 9 (3),
   177-186
Senjo, M., Yamazaki, N., Minami, M., Hirokami, M., Saito, H. and Parvez, H. (1986),
   Decreased Monoamine-Oxidase Activity in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rat Kidneys. Research Communications in Chemical Pathology and
   Pharmacology, 52 (2), 207-216
Purcell, K. (1981), A Tennis Forehand-Backhand Drive Skill Test Which Measures Ball
   Control and Stroke Firmness. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 52 (2),
   238-245
Saito, M. (1982), The Effect of Training on the Relationships Among Velocity, Stroke
   Rate and Distance Per Stroke in Untrained Subjects Swimming the Breaststroke.
   Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport , 53 (4), 323-329
Butter, C.M., Kirsch, N.L. and Reeves, G. (1990), The Effect of Lateralized Dynamic
   Stimuli on Unilateral Spatial Neglect Following Right-Hemisphere Lesions.
   Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, 2 (1), 39-46.
Abstract: Patients with unilateral (left-sided) spatial neglect following right-hemisphere
   stroke were tested for the effects of visual stimulation on performance of a
   line-bisection task. As predicted from research on brain mechanisms of spatial
   orientation and attention, dynamic visual stimuli presented on the left side
   substantially reduced neglect in the task. In contrast, left sided static stimuli reduced
   neglect significantly less and dynamic stimuli presented in the center had no effect
   on neglect. Neglect patients with hemianopia did not show significantly less benefit
   of left-sided dynamic stimuli compared to neglect patients without hemianopia,
   suggesting that the effect of these stimuli was unconscious and automatic. The
   potential advantages of lateralized dynamic stimuli in the rehabilitation of neglect are
   discussed
Keywords: ATTENTION/MONKEY/ORGANIZATION/REHABILITATION/RIGHT
   BRAIN-DAMAGE/STROKE/SUPERIOR                            COLLICULUS/UNILATERAL
   SPATIAL NEGLECT
Odaka, K., Wakahara, T. and Masuda, I. (1986), Stroke-Order-Independent Online
   Character-Recognition Algorithm and Its Application. Review of the Electrical
   Communications Laboratories, 34 (1), 79-85
Lara, P.F., Ferreira, A., Paulillo, L.F. and Cukierman, M. (1985), Study of the Cerebral
   Vascular Alterations by Radioisotopic Method in Atherosclerosis and Or Stroke in
   Patients Using Piracetan-Diidroergotoxine. Revista Brasileira de Medicina, 42 (4),
   137-140
Lara, P.F., Ferreira, A., Paulillo, L.F. and Cukierman, M. (1985), Clinical Usefulness of
   the Association Piracetam- Dihydroergotoxine in Subjects with Cerebral Sclerosis
   and Or Sequelae of Cerebral Stroke. Revista Brasileira de Medicina, 42 (5), 164-166
[Anon]. (1987), One Month Jaudince Duration in A 66 Years Old Man with A Stroke.
   Revista Clinica Espanola, 180 (2), 104-111
Cascallar, P.R., Mena, L.A., Cruz, A.F. and Casado, J.M.R. (1988), Upper Gastric
   Bleeding As A Complication of Acute Cerebrovascular Stroke in the Elderly. Revista
   Clinica Espanola, 182 (6), 307-310
Idiaquez, J. (1984), Short-Term Prognostic Factors in Stroke. Revista Medica de Chile,
   112 (6), 544-546
Donoso, A., Brunetti, M. and Santander, M. (1984), Acute-Psychosis Due to Ischemic
   Stroke - Experience with 9 Patients. Revista Medica de Chile, 112 (10), 1017-1020
Barinagarrementeria, F., Arreola, I.B., Cordon, M., Salgado, P. and Zenteno, M.A.
   (1989), Cervicocraneal Arterial Arterial Dissection - Another Cause of Cerebral
   Stroke in Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Radiologia, 43 (3), 87-92
Debray, J.M., Truelle, J.L., Joseph, P.A. and Legall, D. (1986), Amnesic Stroke. Revue
   de Medecine Interne, 7 (4), 405-411
Giroud, M., Chague, F., Guard, O. and Dumas, R. (1987), Ischemic Stroke and Sporting
   Activities - A Study of 6 Cases. Revue de Medecine Interne, 8 (4), 373-378
Routon, M.C. and Mselati, J.C. (1982), Heat-Stroke in the Child. Revue du Praticien, 32
   (21), 1441-1445
Giroud, M., Beuriat, P., Vion, P., Gisselmann, A., Dathis, P., Dusserre, L. and Dumas,
   R. (1988), Incidence of Stroke in A Mean Town of France. Revue D Epidemiologie
   et de Sante Publique, 36 (4-5), 360-368
Szczesniewska, D., Kurjata, P., Broda, G., Polakowska, M. and Kupsc, W. (1990),
   Comparison of Official Mortality Statistics with Data Obtained from
   Myocardial-Infarction and Stroke Registers. Revue D Epidemiologie et de Sante
   Publique, 38 (5-6), 435-439.
Abstract: Two sources of information about deaths caused by myocardial infarction and
   stroke were compared: official statistical data obtained from the Central Statistical
   office (CSO), and data from the registers of myocardial infarction and stroke
   conducted under the POL-MONICA Warsaw Project. The completeness of the
   MONICA registers with respect to the CSO data was 78 %, and the completeness of
   the CSO data with respect to the MONICA registers was 88 %. The main causes of
   the differences were: lack of information in the registers on deaths outside Warsaw;
   lack of unequivocal identification markers in patients' records from different sources;
   and other errors in data processing. The agreement of the diagnoses in death
   certificates (in the CSO material) with the diagnoses in the MONICA registers was
   70.4 % for myocardial infarction, and 64.4 % for stroke. The main cause of the
   disagreement between the diagnoses was a different methodological approach to the
   collection of data in the two information sources
Keywords:            MONICA             PROJECT/MYOCARDIAL                INFARCTION
   MORTALITY/POL-MONICA                  WARSAW       PROJECT/REGISTERS/STROKE
   MORTALITY
Ganowa, M., Morgenstern, W., Ostorlamm, E., Scheidt, R., Scheuermann, W. and
   Nussel, E. (1990), 1St Results from the Monica Stroke Register in Heidelberg. Revue
   D Epidemiologie et de Sante Publique, 38 (5-6), 441-445.
Abstract: The Stroke Register was established in 1984 in Heidelberg, as a part of the
   MONICA Project, covering the same population (approximately 601,000) as the
   Acute Myocardial Infarction Register. In the present analysis, the data for men and
   women (aged 25-64) for 1985 and 1986 are presented. During the two years, 303
   men and 143 women were registered. The overall age- standardized attack rate was
   127.2/100,000 for men and 52.8/100,000 for women, and the age-standardized
   incidence was 97.4/100,000 in men and 42.9/100,000 in women. The proportion of
   first stroke was 76.5 % in men and 81 % in women. The 28- days mortality was 12 %
   for men and 19 % for women. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking and heart
   disease (coronary heart disease, rhythm disturbances) were identified as risk factors
   for stroke. Among the registered victims of stroke, 61 % of the men and 67 % of
   women had a history of hypertension. In men, a high prevalence of smokers, 54 %
   was found (33.9 % in the total population in the same age range). In women, the
   prevalence of smokers is nearly the same as in the total population. Diabetes mellitus
   was present in 23 % of men and in 40 % of women, and hyperlipidaemia in 30 % of
   men and in 18 % of women
Keywords: ATTACK RATE/INCIDENCE/MORTALITY/STROKE REGISTER
Boedhidarmojo, R., Setianto, B., SUTEDJO, Kusmana, D., ANDRADI, Supari, F. and
   Salan, R. (1990), A Study of Base-Line Risk-Factors for Coronary Heart-Disease -
   Results of Population Screening in A Developing-Country. Revue D Epidemiologie
   et de Sante Publique, 38 (5-6), 487-491.
Abstract: To contribute information on coronary heart disease and its risk factors
   (information which is still scarce in developing countries), this report is presented on
   a population screening study done in urban Jakarta, using the MONICA Protocol. A
   randomly selected sample of 2073 people (25-64 years) from 3 districts (total
   population 523,000) of Jakarta were examined. The results were as follows:
   electrocardiogram (ECG) signs of old myocardial infarction were found in 2.7 %,
   and sequelae of stroke in 0.5 % of respondents: prevalence of hypertension was
   found in 14.9 % ; male smokers were 59.9 % (females only 5.9 %) ; mean serum
   total cholesterol concentrations were 5.2 mmol/L in men and 5.4 mmol/L in women,
   with      13.4    %      of     all  respondents    having       hypercholesterolaemia
   (greater-than-or-equal-to 6.5 mmol/L) ; regular alchol drinkers were only 2.7 %.
   Anti- smoking, anti-hypertension and active physical exercise campaigns already
   launched many years ago will be boosted, along with the preservation of the
   traditional low fat diet of the common Indonesian
Keywords:         CARDIAC/CORONARY               HEART         DISEASE/DEVELOPING
   COUNTRIES/HEART/KRETEK CIGARETTE
Bogousslavsky, J. (1988), Leukoencephalopathy, Leukoaraiosis and Stroke. Revue
   Neurologique, 144 (1), 11-17
Giroud, M., Beuriat, P., Vion, P., Dathis, P., Dusserre, L. and Dumas, R. (1989), A
   Stroke Register in Dijon. Revue Neurologique, 145 (3), 221-227
Andrews, K., Brocklehurst, J.C., Richards, B. and Laycock, P.J. (1982), The Recovery
   of the Severely Disabled Stroke Patient. Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, 21 (4),
   225-230
Coughlan, A.K. and Humphrey, M. (1982), Presenile Stroke - Long-Term Outcome for
   Patients and Their Families. Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, 21 (2), 115-122
Andrews, K., Brocklehurst, J.C., Richards, B. and Laycock, P.J. (1982), Stroke - Does
   Side Matter. Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, 21 (3), 175-178
Coccheri, S., Palareti, G., Poggi, M., Andreoli, A., Fagioli, L. and Limoni, P. (1985),
   Hemorheologic Changes in Patients with A History of Stroke Or Cerebral Remittent
   Ischemic Attacks. Ricerca in Clinica e in Laboratorio, 15 (1), 39-46
Deltorso, S., Demartin, P.G., Marcadella, M., Milanesi, O., Pellegrino, P.A. and
   Battistella, P.A. (1987), Ischemic Cerebral Stroke - Clinical-Assessment and
   Echocardiographic Diagnosis in A Case of Atrial Mixoma. Rivista Italiana di
   Pediatria-Italian Journal of Pediatrics, 13 (1), 93-96
Yaqub, B.A.R. (1988), Brain-Stem Auditory Evoked-Potentials in Heat-Stroke -
   Diagnostic and Prognostic Value. Saudi Medical Journal, 9 (1), 49-53
Noorwali, A.A. and Abdulwahab, S. (1989), Pattern of Serum Enzymes in Heat-Stroke.
   Saudi Medical Journal, 10 (6), 485-490
Yaqub, B.A., Obeid, T. and Seraj, M.A. (1989), Malignant Hyperthermia, Neuroleptic
   Malignant Syndrome and Heat-Stroke - Spectrum of A Clinical Syndrome. Saudi
   Medical Journal, 10 (4), 254-259
Kaste, M. (1981), Medical-Care Program of Stroke. Scandinavian Journal of
   Rehabilitation Medicine, 13 (2-3), 89-92
Deshayes, A., Briand, J.P. and Weber, B. (1981), Filterability and Stroke - Correlations
   with Quantitative Eeg. Scandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation,
   41 255-258
Dimitrijevic, M.R., Faganel, J., Sherwood, A.M. and Mckay, W.B. (1981), Activation
   of Paralyzed Leg Flexors and Extensors During Gait in Patients After Stroke.
   Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 13 (4), 109-115
Olsen, T.S. and Skriver, E.B. (1981), Patterns of Regional Cerebral Blood-Flow in
   Acute Stroke. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 13 (2-3), 57-63
Hamrin, E. (1982), Early Activation in Stroke - Does It Make A Difference.
   Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 14 (3), 101-109
Hamrin, E. and Wohlin, A. (1982), Evaluation of the Functional-Capacity of Stroke
   Patients Through An Activity Index. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation
   Medicine, 14 (3), 93-100
Hamrin, E. (1982), One Year After Stroke - A Follow-Up of An Experimental-Study.
   Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 14 (3), 111-116
Vonarbin, M., Britton, M., Defaire, U. and Gustafsson, P. (1983), Non-Invasive
   Assessment of the Internal Carotid-Artery in Stroke Patients. Scandinavian Journal
   of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation, 43 (4), 275-283
Terent, A. (1983), Medico-Social Consequences and Direct Costs of Stroke in A
   Swedish Community. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 15 (4),
   165-171
Asplund, K., Fuglmeyer, A.R., Engde, M., Eriksson, S. and Strand, T. (1983),
   Respiratory Alkalosis Early After Stroke - Its Relation to Loco-Motor Function.
   Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine , 103-107
Sjogren, K. (1983), Sexuality After Stroke with Hemiplegia .2. with Special Regard to
   Partnership Adjustment and to Fulfillment. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation
   Medicine, 15 (2), 63-69
Fuglmeyer, A.R., Linderholm, H. and Wilson, A.F. (1983), Restrictive Ventilatory
   Dysfunction in Stroke - Its Relation to Locomotor Function. Scandinavian Journal of
   Rehabilitation Medicine, 118-124
Mcclatchie, G., Schuld, W. and Goodwin, S. (1983), A Maximized-Adl Index of
   Functional Status for Stroke Patients - Methodological Considerations. Scandinavian
   Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 15 (4), 155-163
Sjogren, K., Damber, J.E. and Liliequist, B. (1983), Sexuality After Stroke with
   Hemiplegia .1. Aspects of Sexual Function. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation
   Medicine, 15 (2), 55-61
Bjorneby, E.R. and Reinvang, I.R. (1985), Acquiring and Maintaining Self-Care Skills
   After Stroke - the Predictive Value of Apraxia. Scandinavian Journal of
   Rehabilitation Medicine, 17 (2), 75-80
Reinvang, I. and Sundet, K. (1985), The Validity of Functional Assessment with
   Neuropsychological Tests in Aphasic Stroke Patients. Scandinavian Journal of
   Psychology, 26 (3), 208-218
Kotila, M., Niemi, M.L. and Laaksonen, R. (1986), 4-Year Prognosis of Stroke Patients
   with Visuospatial Inattention. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 18
   (4), 177-179
Weddell, R.A. (1987), Social, Functional, and Neuropsychological Determinants of the
   Psychiatric-Symptoms of Stroke Patients Receiving Rehabilitation and Living at
   Home. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 19 (3), 93-98
Wade, D.T., Wood, V.A., Heller, A., Maggs, J. and Hewer, R.L. (1987), Walking After
   Stroke - Measurement and Recovery Over the 1St 3 Months. Scandinavian Journal
   of Rehabilitation Medicine, 19 (1), 25-30
Finset, A., Sundet, K. and Haakonsen, M. (1988), Neuropsychological Syndromes in
   Right-Hemisphere Stroke Patients. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 29 (1), 9-20
Lindmark, B. and Hamrin, E. (1988), Evaluation of Functional-Capacity After Stroke
   As A Basis for Active Intervention - Presentation of A Modified Chart for Motor
   Capacity Assessment and Its Reliability. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation
   Medicine, 20 (3), 103-109
Lindmark, B. and Hamrin, E. (1988), Evaluation of Functional-Capacity After Stroke
   As A Basis for Active Intervention - Validation of A Modified Chart for Motor
   Capacity Assessment. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 20 (3),
   111-115
Viitanen, M., Fuglmeyer, K.S., Bernspang, B. and Fuglmeyer, A.R. (1988), Life
   Satisfaction in Long-Term Survivors After Stroke. Scandinavian Journal of
   Rehabilitation Medicine, 20 (1), 17-24
Asberg, K.H. (1989), Orthostatic Tolerance Training of Stroke Patients in General
   Medical Wards - An Experimental-Study. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation
   Medicine, 21 (4), 179-185
Finset, A., Goffeng, L., Landro, N.I. and Haakonsen, M. (1989), Depressed Mood and
   Intra-Hemispheric Location of Lesion in Right-Hemisphere Stroke Patients.
   Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine , 21 (1), 1-6
Wagenaar, R.C., Meijer, O.G., Vanwieringen, P.C.W., Kuik, D.J., Hazenberg, G.J.,
   Lindeboom, J., Wichers, F. and Rijswijk, H. (1990), The Functional Recovery of
   Stroke - A Comparison Between Neurodevelopmental Treatment and the Brunnstrom
   Method. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 22 (1), 1-8
Keywords: OSLO
Friedman, P.J. (1990), Spatial Neglect in Acute Stroke - the Line Bisection Test.
   Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 22 (2), 101-106
Bartenstein, J., Willi, U., Lenherr, B. and Spiegel, M. (1984), Heat-Stroke.
   Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift, 114 (36), 1221-1226
Ferrazzini, M., Regli, F. and Bogousslavsky, J. (1988), Pathogenesis of Carotid Stroke
   in the Elderly - A Study of 62 Patients Over 75 Years-Of-Age. Schweizerische
   Medizinische Wochenschrift, 118 (13), 462-466
Mattle, H. and Mumenthaler, M. (1989), Diagnosis, Therapy and Prevention of
   Stroke .2. Therapy and Prevention. Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift, 119
   (20), 656-670
Mattle, H. and Mumenthaler, M. (1989), Diagnosis, Therapy and Prevention of
   Stroke .1. Clinical Findings and Diagnosis. Schweizerische Medizinische
   Wochenschrift, 119 (19), 613-629
Cachin, C., Bogousslavsky, J., Regli, F., Kappenberger, L. and Vanmelle, G. (1990),
   Stroke and Cardiac Source of Embolism - Study of Lausanne- Stroke-Registry.
   Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift, 120 (36), 1308-1315
Jeanrenaud, X., Bogousslavsky, J., Payot, M., Regli, F. and Kappenberger, L. (1990),
   Patent Foramen Ovale and Stroke in Young-Patients. Schweizerische Medizinische
   Wochenschrift, 120 (22), 823-829
Keywords: SWITZERLAND
Trumper, L.H., Vonbaum, H., Seitz, H.K. and Hunstein, W. (1990), Menetriers Disease
   - Apoplectic Stroke As A Rare 1St Sign. Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift,
   120 (46), 1737-1740
Keywords: SWITZERLAND
Schubiger, O. and Valavanis, A. (1981), Stroke - Neuroradiological Diagnosis.
   Schweizerische Rundschau fur Medizin Praxis, 70 (42), 1853-1862
Gerber, C. and Mumenthaler, M. (1981), Progressive Brain-Stem Stroke After
   Hang-Gliding Accident - A Case-Report. Schweizerische Rundschau fur Medizin
   Praxis, 70 (12), 521-524
Chappuis, C. (1981), The Rehabilitation of Stroke Patients. Schweizerische Rundschau
   fur Medizin Praxis, 70 (5), 140-149
Jerome, J. (1984), The S-Stroke. Science 84, 5 (6), 94-95
Lennox, I.M., Zeeh, J., Currie, N., Martin, G. and Adams, J.H. (1989), Malignant
   Angioendotheliosis - An Unusual Cause of Stroke. Scottish Medical Journal, 34 (1),
   407-408
Rawles, J.M. (1989), Stroke Distance - An Improved Measure of Cardiovascular
   Function. Scottish Medical Journal, 34 (1), 394-398
Jieping, Z., Haicheng, G., Huiju, Z. and Laird, C. (1989), Insitu Tem Observation of
   Tensile Deformation in High-Purity Titanium After A Single Compression Stroke.
   Scripta Metallurgica, 23 (4), 553-556
Besancon, F., Ricome, H., Pezzigirault, D. and Chaptal, E. (1981), Influence of Weather
   Conditions on Myocardial-Infarction, Stroke and Suicide. Semaine des Hopitaux, 57
   (39-4), 1609-1611
Hommel, M., Pradere, J., Guell, A., Bousquet, J. and Bes, A. (1982), Blood
   Biorheology and Ischemic Stroke. Semaine des Hopitaux, 58 (46), 2719-2723
Orgogozo, J.M. (1990), World-Health-Organization Report - Recommendations for the
   Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment of Stroke .2. Semaine des Hopitaux, 66 (32),
   1845-1861
Keywords: SEP
Orgogozo, J.M. (1990), World-Health-Organization Report - Recommendations for the
   Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment of Stroke .1. Semaine des Hopitaux, 66 (30-31),
   1789-1802
Keywords: SEP
Wechsler, L.R. and Ropper, A.H. (1986), Management of Stroke in the Intensive-Care
   Unit. Seminars in Neurology, 6 (3), 324-331
Wolf, P.A. and Kannel, W.B. (1986), Reduction of Stroke Through Risk Factor
   Modification. Seminars in Neurology, 6 (3), 243-253
Kinkel, P.R., Kinkel, W.R. and Jacobs, L. (1986), Nuclear-Magnetic-Resonance
   Imaging in Patients with Stroke. Seminars in Neurology, 6 (1), 43-52
Bosley, T.M. (1986), The Role of Carotid Noninvasive Tests in Stroke Prevention.
   Seminars in Neurology, 6 (2), 194-203
Pettigrew, L.C. and Wu, K.K. (1986), Platelet-Function and Antiaggregant Therapy in
   Ischemic Stroke. Seminars in Neurology, 6 (3), 293-298
Grotta, J.C. (1986), Emerging Stroke Therapies. Seminars in Neurology, 6 (3), 285-292
Gorelick, P.B., Hier, D.B. and Swiontoniowski, M.J. (1987), Drug-Therapy for
   Ischemic Stroke. Seminars in Neurology, 7 (2), 119-127
Schipper, H.M. (1988), Sex-Hormones in Stroke, Chorea, and Anticonvulsant Therapy.
   Seminars in Neurology, 8 (3), 181-186
Hakim, A.M. (1989), Hemodynamic and Metabolic Studies in Stroke. Seminars in
   Neurology, 9 (4), 286-292
Baron, J.C. (1989), Depression of Energy-Metabolism in Distant Brain Structures -
   Studies with Positron Emission Tomography in Stroke Patients. Seminars in
   Neurology, 9 (4), 281-285
Sandset, P.M., Dahl, T., Stiris, M., Rostad, B., Scheel, B. and Abildgaard, U. (1990), A
   Double-Blind and Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial of Low- Molecular-Weight
   Heparin Once Daily to Prevent Deep-Vein Thrombosis in Acute Ischemic Stroke.
   Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis, 16 25-33
Keywords: OSLO
Allsupjackson, G. (1981), Sexual Dysfunction of Stroke Patients. Sexuality and
   Disability, 4 (3), 161-168
Brocklehurst, J.C., Morris, P., Andrews, K., Richards, B. and Laycock, P. (1981), Social
   Effects of Stroke. Social Science & Medicine Part A-Medical Sociology, 15 (1),
   35-39
Gerber, L.M. (1983), Gains in Life Expectancies If Heart-Disease and Stroke Were
   Eliminated Among Caucasians, Filipinos and Japanese in Hawaii. Social Science &
   Medicine, 17 (6), 349-353
Kaufman, S. and Becker, G. (1986), Stroke - Health-Care on the Periphery. Social
   Science & Medicine, 22 (9), 983-989
Keith, R.A. and Cowell, K.S. (1987), Time Use of Stroke Patients in 3 Rehabilitation
   Hospitals. Social Science & Medicine, 24 (6), 529-533
Sato, T. (1989), Stroke Mortality in Miyagi, Japan. Social Science & Medicine, 29 (8),
   1035-1042
Thompson, S.C., Sobolewshubin, A., Graham, M.A. and Janigian, A.S. (1989),
   Psychosocial Adjustment Following A Stroke. Social Science & Medicine, 28 (3),
   239-247
Kew, M.C., Hopp, M. and Rothberg, A. (1982), Fatal Heat-Stroke in A Child Taking
   Appetite-Suppressant Drugs - A Case-Report. South African Medical Journal, 62
   (24), 905-906
Fritz, V.U., Maloon, A. and Tuch, P. (1984), Neck Manipulation Causing Stroke -
   Case-Reports. South African Medical Journal, 66 (22), 844-846
Good, C.J. and Ahmed, F.A. (1986), Binge Stroke - A Case-Report. South African
   Medical Journal, 69 (13), 833-834
Joubert, J., Vangelder, A.L., Darazs, B. and Pilloy, W.J. (1989), The Cardiovascular
   Status of the Black Stroke Patient. South African Medical Journal, 76 (12), 657-664
Joubert, J., Pilloy, W.J.G.E., Vanreenen, O.R., Zolner, J.C., Strydom, W.J. and Politzer,
   W. (1990), Use of Indium-111-Labeled Platelets in Black Stroke Patients - A
   Pilot-Study. South African Medical Journal, 77 (5), 246-248
Joubert, J., Lemmer, L.B., Fourie, P.A., Vangelder, A.L. and Darazs, B. (1990), Are
   Clinical Differences Between Black and White Stroke Patients Caused by Variations
   in the Atherosclerotic Involvement of the Arterial Tree. South African Medical
   Journal, 77 (5), 248-251
Dewar, S.R. (1990), Stroke Outcome in the Absence of A Structured Rehabilitation
   Program. South African Medical Journal, 78 (4), 200-202
Bramlet, D.A., Decker, E.L. and Floyd, W.L. (1982), Nonbacterial Thrombotic
   Endocarditis As A Cause of Stroke in Mitral-Valve Prolapse. Southern Medical
   Journal, 75 (9), 1133-1135
Whelton, P.K. (1982), Declining Mortality from Hypertension and Stroke. Southern
   Medical Journal, 75 (1), 33-38
Young, P.H., Smith, K.R. and Dunn, R.C. (1982), Surgical Decompression After
   Cerebral Hemispheric Stroke - Indications and Patient Selection. Southern Medical
   Journal, 75 (4), 473-475
Prendes, J.L. and Rosenberg, S.J. (1986), Rip Vanwinkle Syndrome - Confusion and
   Irresistible Somnolence After Stroke. Southern Medical Journal, 79 (9), 1162-1164
Shaw, G.L. (1987), Airway-Obstruction Due to Bilateral Vocal Cord Paralysis As A
   Complication of Stroke. Southern Medical Journal, 80 (11), 1432-1433
Gomez, C.R., Malik, M.M., Gomez, S.M. and Wingkun, E.C. (1988), Noninvasive
   Evaluation of Ischemic Stroke with Spect. Southern Medical Journal, 81 (10),
   1245-1248
Benzel, E.C., Musgrove, C.C. and Kesterson, L. (1989), Naloxone and Mortality in the
   Gerbil Stroke Model. Southern Medical Journal, 82 (5), 555-557
Khanna, H.L. and Garg, A.G. (1989), Comparison of the Need for Bypass Shunt After
   Stroke Or Transient Ischemic Attack in 97 Patients. Southern Medical Journal, 82
   (12), 1512-1514
Mortel, K.F., Meyer, J.S., Sims, P.A. and Mcclintic, K. (1990), Diabetes-Mellitus As A
   Risk Factor for Stroke. Southern Medical Journal, 83 (8), 904-911
Keywords: BLOOD/BLOOD-FLOW/FLOW
Kelley, R.E., Bell, L.K. and Mason, R.L. (1990), Cost-Analysis of Kinetic Therapy in
   the Prevention of Complications of Stroke. Southern Medical Journal, 83 (4),
   433-434
Stolyarova, L.G. and Shmelkov, V.N. (1981), Rehabilitation of Motor Disturbances
   Caused by Post-Stroke Pathologies of the Left and Right Hemispheres. Sovetskaya
   Meditsina, (12), 98-101
Pines, L.N., Trebler, L.Y. and Gusev, A.T. (1981), Relationship Between Systemic and
   Intraocular Hemodynamics in Patients with Ischemic Cerebral Stroke. Sovetskaya
   Meditsina, (5), 88-90
Lebedev, A.A. (1982), Disturbances of the Water and Electrolyte Metabolism in the
   Acute Stage of Cerebral Stroke. Sovetskaya Meditsina, (2), 97-100
Lobkova, T.N. (1982), Liquorologic Syndromes in Cerebral Stroke. Sovetskaya
   Meditsina, (4), 22-25
Feigin, V.L. and Pushkarev, V.P. (1983), The Value of Cerebral Stroke Register for the
   Practical Health- Service. Sovetskaya Meditsina, (12), 80-83
Nikolaev, M.K., Snetkova, E.P., Tsyganova, G.I. and Romanov, A.I. (1983), Immediate
   and Late Results in Staged Rehabilitation of Patients with Ischemic Stroke.
   Sovetskaya Meditsina, (1), 67-69
Snetkova, E.P., Tsyganova, G.I., Nikolaev, M.K., Rozova, N.K. and Romanov, A.I.
   (1984), Features in the Course of Cerebral Stroke in Coronary Heart- Disease.
   Sovetskaya Meditsina, (10), 67-70
Vasilenko, F.I. and Lifshits, F.I. (1985), Complicated Stroke. Sovetskaya Meditsina,
   (9), 94-97
Neretin, V.Y., Torubarov, F.S. and Nikolaev, M.K. (1989), Prediction of the
   Development of An Ischemic Stroke. Sovetskaya Meditsina, (4), 110-111
Markelov, Y.N., Karashurov, Y.S. and Martyanov, S.G. (1990), Contribution of
   Intrathoracic Pressure to Changes in the Greater and Lesser Circulation
   Hemodynamics in Asthmatics. Sovetskaya Meditsina, (11), 10-14.
Abstract: The greater and lesser circulation hemodynamics was examined in 59 patients
   with bronchial asthma and 23 controls by tetrapolar rheography, kinetocardiography,
   and ultrasonic Doppler cardiography. Simultaneously measurements of intrathoracic
   pressure (ITP) were carried out with an esophageal controller. Reduced stroke index,
   increased total peripheral resistance of the vessels, and elevated systolic pressure in
   the pulmonary artery were revealed in the patients as against the controls. ITP values
   in asthmatics surpassed twofold those in the reference group. To reveal elevated ITP
   effects on the hemodynamics, the authors have examined the hemodynamic
   parameters during Valsalva's test (with elevation of oral pressure up to 25-35 mm Hg)
   in 16 reference subjects. The results evidence the leading role of elevated ITP on the
   greater and lesser circulation hemodynamics in asthma. Elevated ITP lowers the
   venous blood flow to the heart and reduces the preload thus decreasing the blood
   flow to the lesser circulation and not increasing the pulmonary artery systolic
   pressure
Keywords: STATE
Rudometkin, V.P. and Konenko, I.E. (1982), Single-Stroke Lever-Cam Rotating
   Location Mechanisms. Soviet Engineering Research , 2 (5), 104-105
Fogel, R. (1990), Automatic Width Control in the Hot Strip Mill of the Voest-
   Alpine-Stahl-Ag. Stahl und Eisen, 110 (11), 95-99.
Abstract: Modernization of the wide hot strip mill. Heavy edging stand: short stroke and
   automatic width control (AWC), digital width control system, laser position
   measurement, width measurement with a laser-CCD camera combination, setpoint
   calculation and setpoint assignment for the short stroke and AWC control. Levelling
   stand: short stroke, AWC and temperature compensation, stereoscopic width
   measurement with two CCD cameras, laser position measurement, temperature
   measurement with pyrometers, setpoint calculation and setpoint assignment at the
   heavy edger. Measuring and computer equipment. Steps designed to improve the
   measuring conditions. Clear reduction of width variations in production trials
Ivanov, Y.M., Kovalenko, V.A., Morozov, V.A., Nekhoroshev, S.A., Nikolaenko, V.A.
   and Potichenko, V.A. (1985), Measuring the Temperature of Piston Parts of
   High-Speed 2- Stroke Diesel-Engines with Crystal Temperature-Measuring Device.
   Strength of Materials, 17 (2), 202-203
Kowalski, J. (1990), Application of Modeling Knowledge-Based System to Optimum
   Design of A Tractor Diesel-Engine. Strojarstvo, 32 (6), 409-416.
Abstract: The paper describes a development research made on an element of the model
   bank which creates the application subsystem of the author's modeling
   knowledge-based system for optimum machine design. It considers mechanical and
   thermodynamic effects in the model of a four-stroke single-cylinder Diesel engine of
   a tractor. The optimum crank mechanism mass-fuel consumption engine design
   problem has particularly been formulated. As an application example, it is optimized
   German engine MWM AKD 112E
Keywords:          DIESEL          ENGINE/MECHANICAL              DESIGN/MODELING
   SYSTEM/TRACTOR
Skific, N. (1990), Supercharging of High-Speed Diesel-Engines - Research in Optimum
   Possibilities. Strojarstvo, 32 (5), 331-339.
Abstract: This paper presents a research into optimum supercharging possibilities of
   some high-speed diesel engines which where supercharging was not considered in
   their basic performance. The research was carried out with a four-cylinder,
   four-stroke, air-cooled diesel engine with independent suction and direct fuel
   injection, type T4L 912, cylinder bore 100 mm and stroke 120 mm, for vehicle
   driving application. The purpose of this research is the improvement of the essential
   characteristics of the engine: the mean efficiency of operation, ecological, ergonomic
   and torque characteristics
Keywords:               DIESEL              ENGINE/HIGH-SPEED                     DIESEL
   ENGINE/SUPERCHARGING/TURBOCHARGER
Matsuo, T. and Nagaoka, A. (1981), Postnatal Undernutrition Accelerates Incidence of
   Stroke in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Stroke, 12 (4), 509-512
Ueda, K., Omae, T., Hirota, Y., Takeshita, M., Katsuki, S., Tanaka, K. and Enjoji, M.
   (1981), Decreasing Trend in Incidence and Mortality from Stroke in Hisayama
   Residents, Japan. Stroke, 12 (2), 154-160
Vonarbin, M., Britton, M., Defaire, U., Helmers, C., Miah, K. and Murray, V. (1981),
   Accuracy of Bedside Diagnosis in Stroke. Stroke, 12 (3), 288-293
Christie, D. (1981), Stroke in Melbourne, Australia - An Epidemiological-Study. Stroke,
   12 (4), 467-469
Moskowitz, M.A. and Coughlin, S.R. (1981), Current Concepts of
   Cerebrovascular-Disease - Stroke - Clinical-Applications of Prostaglandins and Their
   Inhibitors. Stroke, 12 (6), 882-886
Suno, M., Kakihana, M., Shibota, M. and Nagaoka, A. (1981), Mechanism of Increased
   Sensitivity to Cerebral-Ischemia Following Carotid-Artery Occlusion in
   Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats - Importance of Genetic-Factors.
   Stroke, 12 (2), 246-250
Myers, M.G., Norris, J.W., Hachinski, V.C. and Sole, M.J. (1981), Plasma
   Norepinephrine in Stroke. Stroke, 12 (2), 200-204
Rieke, G.K., Bowers, D.E. and Penn, P. (1981), Vascular Supply Pattern to Rat
   Caudatoputamen and Globus Pallidus - Scanning Electron-Microscopic Study of
   Vascular Endocasts of Stroke-Prone Vessels. Stroke , 12 (6), 840-847
Lassen, N.A., Henriksen, L. and Paulson, O. (1981), Regional Cerebral Blood-Flow in
   Stroke by Xe-133 Inhalation and Emission Tomography. Stroke, 12 (3), 284-288
Olsen, T.S., Larsen, B., Skriver, E.B., Herning, M., Enevoldsen, E. and Lassen, N.A.
   (1981), Focal Cerebral Hyperemia in Acute Stroke - Incidence, Patho- Physiology
   and Clinical-Significance. Stroke, 12 (5), 598-607
Lawner, P.M., Laurent, J.P., Simeone, F.A. and Fink, E.A. (1981), Hemodynamic and
   Clinicopathologic Verification of A Stroke Model in the Dog. Stroke, 12 (3),
   313-316
Leonberg, S.C. and Elliott, F.A. (1981), Prevention of Recurrent Stroke. Stroke, 12 (6),
   731-735
Feigenson, J.S. (1981), Stroke Rehabilitation - Outcome Studies and Guidelines for
   Alternative Levels of Care. Stroke, 12 (3), 372-375
Weinfeld, F.D., Adelman, S.M., Baum, H.M., Robins, M., Walker, A.E., Weinfeld, F.D.
   and Weiss, W. (1981), The National Survey of Stroke. Stroke, 12 (2), I1-I91
Millikan, C.H. and Mcdowell, F.H. (1981), Treatment of Progressing Stroke. Stroke, 12
   (4), 397-409
Tagami, M., Kubota, A., Sunaga, T., Fujino, H., Maezawa, H., Kihara, M., Nara, Y. and
   Yamori, Y. (1981), Permeability of Intra-Cranical Extra-Cerebral Vessels in
   Stroke-Prone Shr. Stroke, 12 (6), 852-857
Wexler, B.C. (1981), Enovid-Induced Exacerbation of High Blood-Pressure in Stroke-
   Prone Rats (Shr). Stroke, 12 (1), 101-105
Tanaka, H., Ueda, Y., Date, C., Baba, T., Yamashita, H., Hayashi, M., Shoji, H., Owada,
   K., Baba, K.I., Shibuya, M., Kon, T. and Detels, R. (1981), Incidence of Stroke in
   Shibata, Japan - 1976-1978. Stroke, 12 (4), 460-466
Herman, B., Leyten, A.C.M., Vanluijk, J.H., Frenken, C.W.G.M., Decoul, A.A.W.O.
   and Schulte, B.P.M. (1982), An Evaluation of Risk-Factors for Stroke in A Dutch
   Community. Stroke, 13 (3), 334-339
Anderson, G.L. and Whisnant, J.P. (1982), A Comparison of Trends in Mortality from
   Stroke in the United- States and Rochester, Minnesota. Stroke, 13 (6), 804-809
Jones, H.R., Naggar, C.Z., Seljan, M.P. and Downing, L.L. (1982), Mitral-Valve
   Prolapse and Cerebral Ischemic Events - A Comparison Between A Neurology
   Population with Stroke and A Cardiology Population with Mitral-Valve Prolapse
   Observed for 5 Years. Stroke, 13 (4), 451-453
Spence, J.D. and Donner, A. (1982), Problems in Design of Stroke Treatment Trials.
   Stroke, 13 (1), 94-99
Abdon, N.J., Zettervall, O., Carlson, J., Berglund, S., Sterner, G., Tejler, L. and
   Turesson, I. (1982), Is Occult Atrial Disorder A Frequent Cause of
   Non-Hemorrhagic Stroke - Long-Term Ecg in 86 Patients. Stroke, 13 (6), 832-837
Sacco, R.L., Wolf, P.A., Kannel, W.B. and Mcnamara, P.M. (1982), Survival and
   Recurrence Following Stroke - the Framingham-Study. Stroke, 13 (3), 290-295
Prescott, R.J., Garraway, W.M. and Akhtar, A.J. (1982), Predicting Functional Outcome
   Following Acute Stroke Using A Standard Clinical Examination. Stroke, 13 (5),
   641-647
Salonen, J.T., Puska, P., Tuomilehto, J. and Homan, K. (1982), Relation of
   Blood-Pressure, Serum-Lipids, and Smoking to the Risk of Cerebral Stroke - A
   Longitudinal-Study in Eastern Finland. Stroke, 13 (3), 327-333
Riddle, M.C. and Hart, J. (1982), Hyperglycemia, Recognized and Unrecognized, As A
   Risk Factor for Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attacks. Stroke, 13 (3), 356-359
Dejong, G. and Branch, L.G. (1982), Predicting the Stroke Patients Ability to Live
   Independently. Stroke, 13 (5), 648-655
Fisher, C.M. (1982), Pure Sensory Stroke and Allied Conditions. Stroke, 13 (4),
   434-447
Corwin, L.I., Wolf, P.A., Kannel, W.B. and Mcnamara, P.M. (1982), Accuracy of Death
   Certification of Stroke - the Framingham- Study. Stroke, 13 (6), 818-821
Robinson, R.G. and Price, T.R. (1982), Post-Stroke Depressive-Disorders - A
   Follow-Up-Study of 103 Patients. Stroke, 13 (5), 635-641
Stern, B.J., Krumholz, A., Weiss, H.D., Goldstein, P. and Harris, K.C. (1982),
   Evaluation of Brain-Stem Stroke Using Brain-Stem Auditory Evoked-Responses.
   Stroke, 13 (5), 705-711
Daniels, S.R., Bates, S., Lukin, R.R., Benton, C., Third, J. and Glueck, C.J. (1982),
   Cerebrovascular Arteriopathy (Arteriosclerosis) and Ischemic Childhood Stroke.
   Stroke, 13 (3), 360-365
Herman, B., Leyten, A.C.M., Vanluijk, J.H., Frenken, C.W.G.M., Decoul, A.A.W.O.
   and Schulte, B.P.M. (1982), Epidemiology of Stroke in Tilburg, the Netherlands - the
   Population-Based Stroke Incidence Register .2. Incidence, Initial Clinical Picture and
   Medical-Care, and 3-Week Case Fatality. Stroke, 13 (5), 629-634
Mohr, J.P. (1982), Current Concepts of Cerebrovascular-Disease - Stroke - the
   Evaluation of Aphasia. Stroke, 13 (3), 399-401
Myers, M.G., Norris, J.W., Hachinski, V.C., Weingert, M.E. and Sole, M.J. (1982),
   Cardiac Sequelae of Acute Stroke. Stroke, 13 (6), 838-842
Gryglewski, R.J., Nowak, S., Kostkatrabka, E., Kusmiderski, J., Dembinskakiec, A.,
   Bieron, K., Basista, M. and Blaszczyk, B. (1983), Treatment of Ischemic Stroke with
   Prostacyclin. Stroke, 14 (2), 197-202
Pykett, I.L., Buonanno, F.S., Brady, T.J. and Kistler, J.P. (1983), True 3-Dimensional
   Nuclear Magnetic-Resonance Neuro-Imaging in Ischemic Stroke - Correlation of
   Nmr, X-Ray Ct and Pathology. Stroke, 14 (2), 173-177
Robinson, R.G., Starr, L.B., Kubos, K.L. and Price, T.R. (1983), A 2-Year
   Longitudinal-Study of Post-Stroke Mood Disorders - Findings During the Initial
   Evaluation. Stroke, 14 (5), 736-741
Lodder, J. and Vanderlugt, P.J.M. (1983), Evaluation of the Risk of Immediate
   Anticoagulant Treatment in Patients with Embolic Stroke of Cardiac Origin. Stroke,
   14 (1), 42-46
Sadoshima, S. and Heistad, D.D. (1983), Regional Cerebral Blood-Flow During
   Hypotension in Normotensive and Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats -
   Effect of Sympathetic Denervation. Stroke, 14 (4), 575-579
Caplan, L.R., Hier, D.B. and Dcruz, I. (1983), Cerebral Embolism in the Reese,Michael
   Stroke Registry. Stroke, 14 (4), 530-536
Irino, T., Watanabe, M., Nishide, M., Gotoh, M. and Tsuchiya, T. (1983),
   Angiographical Analysis of Acute Cerebral Infarction Followed by Cascade-Like
   Deterioration of Minor Neurological Deficits - What Is Progressing Stroke. Stroke,
   14 (3), 363-368
Tagami, M., Kubota, A., Sunaga, T., Fujino, H., Maezawa, H., Kihara, M., Nara, Y. and
   Yamori, Y. (1983), Increased Transendothelial Channel Transport of Cerebral
   Capillary Endothelium in Stroke-Prone Shr. Stroke, 14 (4), 591-596
Wexler, B.C. (1983), Low Protein Fish Vs Low Protein Animal Diet Enhances the
   Propensity for Stroke in Stroke-Prone Shr. Stroke, 14 (4), 585-590
Demeurisse, G., Verhas, M., Capon, A. and Paternot, J. (1983), Lack of Evolution of the
   Cerebral Blood-Flow During Clinical Recovery of A Stroke. Stroke, 14 (1), 77-81
Wolf, P.A., Kannel, W.B., Mcgee, D.L., Meeks, S.L., Bharucha, N.E. and Mcnamara,
   P.M. (1983), Duration of Atrial-Fibrillation and Imminence of Stroke - the
   Framingham-Study. Stroke, 14 (5), 664-667
Hakim, A.M., Furlan, A.J., Hart, R.G., Sherman, D.G., Rydercook, A., Hobbs, R., Coull,
   B.M., Miller, V.T., Yatsu, F.M., Mcanulty, J., Koller, R.L., Easton, J.D., Kaste, M.
   and Mohr, J.P. (1983), Immediate Anticoagulation of Embolic Stroke - A
   Randomized Trial. Stroke, 14 (5), 668-676
Solzi, P., Ring, H., Najenson, T. and Luz, Y. (1983), Hemiplegics After A 1St Stroke -
   Late Survival and Risk-Factors. Stroke, 14 (5), 703-709
Nedergaard, M., Klinken, L. and Paulson, O.B. (1983), Secondary Brain-Stem
   Hemorrhage in Stroke. Stroke, 14 (4), 501-505
Sorensen, P.S., Pedersen, H., Marquardsen, J., Petersson, H., Heltberg, A., Simonsen,
   N., Munck, O. and Andersen, L.A. (1983), Acetylsalicylic-Acid in the Prevention of
   Stroke in Patients with Reversible Cerebral Ischemic Attacks - A Danish Cooperative
   Study. Stroke, 14 (1), 15-22
Wexler, B.C. (1983), Enovid-Induced Exacerbation of the Propensity for Stroke in Low
   Protein Fish Diet-Fed Stroke-Prone Shr. Stroke, 14 (6), 995-1000
Weinberger, J., Biscarra, V., Weisberg, M.K. and Jacobson, J.H. (1983), Factors
   Contributing to Stroke in Patients with Atherosclerotic Disease of the Great-Vessels -
   the Role of Diabetes. Stroke, 14 (5), 709-712
Olsen, T.S., Larsen, B., Herning, M., Skriver, E.B. and Lassen, N.A. (1983),
   Blood-Flow and Vascular Reactivity in Collaterally Perfused Brain-Tissue -
   Evidence of An Ischemic Penumbra in Patients with Acute Stroke. Stroke, 14 (3),
   332-341
Garraway, W.M., Whisnant, J.P. and Drury, I. (1983), The Changing Pattern of Survival
   Following Stroke. Stroke, 14 (5), 699-703
Coyle, P. and Jokelainen, P.T. (1983), Differential Outcome to Middle Cerebral-Artery
   Occlusion in Spontaneously Hypertensive Stroke-Prone Rats (Shrsp) and Wistar
   Kyoto (Wky) Rats. Stroke, 14 (4), 605-611
Sage, J.I. and Vanuitert, R.L. (1983), Risk of Recurrent Stroke in Patients with
   Atrial-Fibrillation and Non-Valvular Heart-Disease. Stroke, 14 (4), 537-540
Faden, A.I. (1983), Neuropeptides and Stroke - Current Status and Potential Application.
   Stroke, 14 (2), 169-172
Donnan, G.A., Zapf, P., Doyle, A.E. and Bladin, P.F. (1983), Csf Enzymes in Lacunar
   and Cortical Stroke. Stroke, 14 (2), 266-269
Taylor, D.W., Sackett, D.L. and Haynes, R.B. (1984), Sample-Size for Randomized
   Trials in Stroke Prevention - How Many Patients do We Need. Stroke, 15 (6),
   968-971
Tuomilehto, J., Geboers, J., Joossens, J.V., Salonen, J.T. and Tanskanen, A. (1984),
   Trends in Stomach-Cancer and Stroke in Finland - Comparison to Northwest Europe
   and Usa. Stroke, 15 (5), 823-828
Tomita, T., Umegaki, K. and Hayashi, E. (1984), Hypoaggregability of Washed
   Platelets from Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (Shrsp). Stroke, 15 (1),
   70-75
Wooddauphinee, S., Shapiro, S., Bass, E., Fletcher, C., Georges, P., Hensby, V. and
   Mendelsohn, B. (1984), A Randomized Trial of Team Care Following Stroke. Stroke,
   15 (5), 864-872
Wexler, B.C. (1984), Naloxone Ameliorates the Pathophysiologic Changes Which Lead
   to and Attend An Acute Stroke in Stroke-Prone-Shr. Stroke, 15 (4), 630-634
Shimizu, Y., Kato, H., Lin, C.H., Kodama, K., Peterson, A.V. and Prentice, R.L. (1984),
   Relationship Between Longitudinal Changes in Blood-Pressure and Stroke Incidence.
   Stroke, 15 (5), 839-846
Taylor, M.D., Palmer, G.C. and Callahan, A.S. (1984), Protective Action by
   Methylprednisolone, Allopurinol and Indomethacin Against Stroke-Induced Damage
   to Adenylate-Cyclase in Gerbil Cerebral-Cortex. Stroke, 15 (2), 329-335
Whisnant, J.P. (1984), The Decline of Stroke. Stroke, 15 (1), 160-168
Strand, T., Alling, C., Karlsson, B., Karlsson, I. and Winblad, B. (1984), Brain and
   Plasma-Proteins in Spinal-Fluid As Markers for Brain- Damage and Severity of
   Stroke. Stroke, 15 (1), 138-144
Strand, T., Asplund, K., Eriksson, S., Hagg, E., Lithner, F. and Wester, P.O. (1984), A
   Randomized Controlled Trial of Hemodilution Therapy in Acute Ischemic Stroke.
   Stroke, 15 (6), 980-989
Takeya, Y., Popper, J.S., Shimizu, Y., Kato, H., Rhoads, G.G. and Kagan, A. (1984),
   Epidemiologic Studies of Coronary Heart-Disease and Stroke in Japanese Men
   Living in Japan, Hawaii and California - Incidence of Stroke in Japan and Hawaii.
   Stroke, 15 (1), 15-23
Toole, J.F. and Toole, W.W. (1984), Federal-Funding for Research in Stroke and
   Trauma - A Clinical Investigators Viewpoint. Stroke, 15 (1), 168-171
Gross, C.R., Kase, C.S., Mohr, J.P., Cunningham, S.C. and Baker, W.E. (1984), Stroke
   in South Alabama - Incidence and Diagnostic Features - A Population Based Study.
   Stroke, 15 (2), 249-255
Hill, T.C., Magistretti, P.L., Holman, B.L., Lee, R.G.L., Oleary, D.H., Uren, R.F., Royal,
   H.D., Mayman, C.I., Kolodny, G.M. and Clouse, M.E. (1984), Assessment of
   Regional Cerebral Blood-Flow (Rcbf) in Stroke Using Spect and
   N-Isopropyl-(I-123)-Para-Iodoamphetamine (Imp). Stroke, 15 (1), 40-45
Kunitz, S.C., Gross, C.R., Heyman, A., Kase, C.S., Mohr, J.P., Price, T.R. and Wolf,
   P.A. (1984), The Pilot Stroke Data-Bank - Definition, Design, and Data. Stroke, 15
   (4), 740-746
Komachi, Y., Tanaka, H., Shimamoto, T., Handa, K., Iida, M., Isomura, K., Kojima, S.,
   Matsuzaki, T., Ozawa, H., Takahashi, H. and Tsunetoshi, Y. (1984), A Collaborative
   Study of Stroke Incidence in Japan - 1975-1979. Stroke, 15 (1), 28-36
Kotila, M. (1984), Declining Incidence and Mortality of Stroke. Stroke, 15 (2), 255-259
Kotila, M., Waltimo, O., Niemi, M.L., Laaksonen, R. and Lempinen, M. (1984), The
   Profile of Recovery from Stroke and Factors Influencing Outcome. Stroke, 15 (6),
   1039-1044
Faden, A.I. (1984), Opiate Antagonists in the Treatment of Stroke (Reprinted). Stroke,
   15 (3), 575-578
Robinson, R.G., Starr, L.B., Lipsey, J.R., Rao, K. and Price, T.R. (1984), A 2-Year
   Longitudinal-Study of Post-Stroke Mood Disorders - Dynamic Changes in
   Associated Variables Over the 1St 6 Months of Follow-Up. Stroke, 15 (3), 510-517
Fallis, R.J., Fisher, M. and Lobo, R.A. (1984), A Double-Blind Trial of Naloxone in the
   Treatment of Acute Stroke. Stroke, 15 (4), 627-629
Hart, R.G. (1984), Immediate Anticoagulation of Embolic Stroke - Brain Hemorrhage
   and Management Options. Stroke, 15 (5), 779-789
Meyer, J.S., Okayasu, H., Tachibana, H. and Okabe, T. (1984), Stable Xenon Ct Cbf
   Measurements in Prevalent Cerebrovascular Disorders (Stroke). Stroke, 15 (1), 80-90
Hachinski, V. (1984), Decreased Incidence and Mortality of Stroke. Stroke, 15 (2),
   376-378
Derouesne, C., Mas, J.L., Bolgert, F. and Castaigne, P. (1984), Pure Sensory Stroke
   Caused by A Small Cortical Infarct in the Middle Cerebral-Artery Territory. Stroke,
   15 (4), 660-662
Coyle, P., Odenheimer, D.J. and Sing, C.F. (1984), Cerebral Infarction After Middle
   Cerebral-Artery Occlusion in Progenies of Spontaneously Stroke-Prone and Normal
   Rats. Stroke, 15 (4), 711-716
Binder, L.M. (1984), Current Concepts of Cerebrovascular-Disease - Stroke -
   Emotional-Problems After Stroke (Reprinted). Stroke, 15 (1), 174-177
Ahlsio, B., Britton, M., Murray, V. and Theorell, T. (1984), Disablement and Quality of
   Life After Stroke. Stroke, 15 (5), 886-890
Khaw, K.T., Barrettconnor, E., Suarez, L. and Criqui, M.H. (1984), Predictors of
   Stroke-Associated Mortality in the Elderly. Stroke, 15 (2), 244-248
Furlan, A.J., Craciun, A.R., Salcedo, E.E. and Mellino, M. (1984), Risk of Stroke in
   Patients with Mitral Annulus Calcification. Stroke, 15 (5), 801-803
Jabaily, J. and Davis, J.N. (1984), Naloxone Administration to Patients with Acute
   Stroke. Stroke, 15 (1), 36-39
Kistler, J.P., Buonanno, F.S., Dewitt, L.D., Davis, K.R., Brady, T.J. and Fisher, C.M.
   (1984), Vertebral-Basilar Posterior Cerebral Territory Stroke - Delineation by Proton
   Nuclear Magnetic-Resonance Imaging. Stroke, 15 (3), 417-426
Strand, T., Asplund, K., Eriksson, S., Hagg, E., Lithner, F. and Wester, P.O. (1985), A
   Non-Intensive Stroke Unit Reduces Functional Disability and the Need for
   Long-Term Hospitalization. Stroke, 16 (1), 29-34
Tramo, M.J., Hainline, B., Petito, F., Lee, B. and Caronna, J. (1985), Vertebral Artery
   Injury and Cerebellar Stroke While Swimming - Case-Report. Stroke, 16 (6),
   1039-1042
Rem, J.A., Hachinski, V.C., Boughner, D.R. and Barnett, H.J.M. (1985), Value of
   Cardiac Monitoring and Echocardiography in Tia and Stroke Patients. Stroke, 16 (6),
   950-956
Huczynski, J., Kostkatrabka, E., Sotowska, W., Bieron, K., Grodzinska, L.,
   Dembinskakiec, A., Pykoszmazur, E., Peczak, E. and Gryglewski, R.J. (1985),
   Double-Blind Controlled Trial of the Therapeutic Effects of Prostacyclin in Patients
   with Completed Ischemic Stroke. Stroke, 16 (5), 810-813
Paschen, W., Mies, G., Bodsch, W., Yamori, Y. and Hossmann, K.A. (1985), Regional
   Cerebral Blood-Flow, Glucose-Metabolism, Protein- Synthesis, Serum-Protein
   Extravasation, and Content of Biochemical Substrates in Stroke-Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Stroke, 16 (5), 841-845
Stein, R.W., Papp, A.C., Weiner, W.J. and Wu, K.K. (1985), Reduction of Serum
   Prostacyclin Stability in Ischemic Stroke. Stroke, 16 (1), 16-18
Hillbom, M., Kangasaho, M., Kaste, M., Numminen, H. and Vapaatalo, H. (1985),
   Acute Ethanol Ingestion Increases Platelet Reactivity - Is There A Relationship to
   Stroke. Stroke, 16 (1), 19-23
Sivenius, J., Pyorala, K., Heinonen, O.P., Salonen, J.T. and Riekkinen, P. (1985), The
   Significance of Intensity of Rehabilitation of Stroke - A Controlled Trial. Stroke, 16
   (6), 928-931
Britton, M. and Roden, A. (1985), Progression of Stroke After Arrival at Hospital.
   Stroke, 16 (4), 629-632
Britton, M. and Gustafsson, C. (1985), Non-Rheumatic Atrial-Fibrillation As A Risk
   Factor for Stroke. Stroke, 16 (2), 182-188
Sivenius, J., Heinonen, O.P., Pyorala, K., Salonen, J. and Riekkinen, P. (1985), The
   Incidence of Stroke in the Kuopio Area of East Finland. Stroke, 16 (2), 188-192
Mueller, S.M. and Black, W.L. (1985), Sympathetic-Nerve Activity - A Link to Stroke.
   Stroke, 16 (1), 73-75
Green, D., Barreres, L., Borensztajn, J., Kaplan, P., Reddy, M.N., Rovner, R. and Simon,
   H. (1985), A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Fish Oil Concentrate
   (Maxepa) in Stroke Patients. Stroke, 16 (4), 706-709
Tanaka, H., Hayashi, M., Date, C., Imai, K., Asada, M., Shoji, H., Okazaki, K.,
   Yamamoto, H., Yoshikawa, K., Shimada, T. and Lee, S.I. (1985), Epidemiologic
   Studies of Stroke in Shibata, A Japanese Provincial City - Preliminary-Report on
   Risk-Factors for Cerebral Infarction. Stroke, 16 (5), 773-780
Furlan, A.J. and Craciun, A.R. (1985), Risk of Stroke During Coronary-Artery Bypass
   Graft-Surgery in Patients with Internal Carotid-Artery Disease Documented by
   Angiography. Stroke, 16 (5), 797-799
Shah, A.B., Beamer, N. and Coull, B.M. (1985), Enhanced Invivo Platelet Activation in
   Subtypes of Ischemic Stroke. Stroke, 16 (4), 643-647
Chen, Q.T. and Ling, R.Z. (1985), A 1-4 Year Follow-Up-Study of 306 Cases of Stroke.
   Stroke, 16 (2), 323-327
Gautier, J.C. (1985), Stroke-In-Progression. Stroke, 16 (4), 729-733
Gent, M., Blakely, J.A., Hachinski, V., Roberts, R.S., Barnett, H.J.M., Bayer, N.H.,
   Carruthers, S.G., Collins, S.M., Gawel, M.G., Girouxklimek, M., Hopkins, M., Jain,
   P., Lamy, M., Meloche, J.P., Saerens, E., Sicurella, J. and Turpie, A.G.G. (1985), A
   Secondary Prevention, Randomized Trial of Suloctidil in Patients with A Recent
   History of Thromboembolic Stroke. Stroke, 16 (3), 416-424
Tans, J.T.J., Hoogland, P.H. and Jonkman, E.J. (1985), The Role of Venous Digital
   Subtraction Angiography of the Carotid Bifurcation in the Evaluation of Patients
   with Reversible Ischemic Attacks Or Stroke. Stroke, 16 (3), 435-440
Kagan, A., Popper, J.S., Rhoads, G.G. and Yano, K. (1985), Dietary and Other
   Risk-Factors for Stroke in Hawaiian Japanese Men. Stroke, 16 (3), 390-396
Robinson, R.K., Richey, E.T., Kase, C.S. and Mohr, J.P. (1985), Somatosensory
   Evoked-Potentials in Pure Sensory Stroke and Related Conditions. Stroke, 16 (5),
   818-823
Asplund, K. (1985), Multicenter Trial of Hemodilution in Ischemic Stroke -
   Background and Study Protocol. Stroke, 16 (5), 885-890
Minami, M., Togashi, H., Koike, Y., Saito, H., Nakamura, N. and Yasuda, H. (1985),
   Changes in Ambulation and Drinking Behavior Related to Stroke in Stroke-Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Stroke, 16 (1), 44-48
Smirne, S., Franceschi, M., Truci, G., Camerlingo, M., Pirola, R., Ferinistrambi, L. and
   Bareggi, S.R. (1985), Homovanillic-Acid and 5-Hydroxyindolacetic Acid
   Modifications in Csf of Patients with Stroke and Multiinfarct Dementia. Stroke, 16
   (6), 1003-1006
Fields, W.S. (1986), Persantine Aspirin Trial in Cerebral-Ischemia .3. Risk-Factors for
   Stroke. Stroke, 17 (1), 12-18
Aho, K., Reunanen, A., Aromaa, A., Knekt, P. and Maatela, J. (1986), Prevalence of
   Stroke in Finland. Stroke, 17 (4), 681-686
Dombovy, M.L., Sandok, B.A. and Basford, J.R. (1986), Rehabilitation for Stroke - A
   Review. Stroke, 17 (3), 363-369
Good, D.C., Frank, S., Verhulst, S. and Sharma, B. (1986), Cardiac Abnormalities in
   Stroke Patients with Negative Arteriograms. Stroke, 17 (1), 6-11
Howard, G., Walker, M.D., Becker, C., Coull, B., Feibel, J., Mcleroy, K., Toole, J.F.
   and Yatsu, F. (1986), Community Hospital-Based Stroke Programs - North-Carolina,
   Oregon, and New-York .3. Factors Influencing Survival After Stroke - Proportional
   Hazards Analysis of 4219 Patients. Stroke, 17 (2), 294-299
Ueshima, H., Ohsaka, T. and Asakura, S. (1986), Regional Differences in Stroke
   Mortality and Alcohol- Consumption in Japan. Stroke, 17 (1), 19-24
Hachinski, V.C., Smith, K.E., Silver, M.D., Gibson, C.J. and Ciriello, J. (1986), Acute
   Myocardial and Plasma-Catecholamine Changes in Experimental Stroke. Stroke, 17
   (3), 387-390
Shinar, D., Gross, C.R., Price, T.R., Banko, M., Bolduc, P.L. and Robinson, R.G.
   (1986), Screening for Depression in Stroke Patients - the Reliability and Validity of
   the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Stroke, 17 (2), 241-245
Rosman, K.D. (1986), The Epidemiology of Stroke in An Urban Black-Population.
   Stroke, 17 (4), 667-669
Becker, C., Howard, G., Mcleroy, K.R., Yatsu, F.M., Toole, J.F., Coull, B., Feibel, J.
   and Walker, M.D. (1986), Community Hospital-Based Stroke Programs -
   North-Carolina, Oregon, and New-York .2. Description of Study Population. Stroke,
   17 (2), 285-293
Strand, T., Asplund, K., Eriksson, S., Hagg, E., Lithner, F. and Wester, P.O. (1986),
   Stroke Unit Care - Who Benefits - Comparisons with General Medical-Care in
   Relation to Prognostic Indicators on Admission. Stroke, 17 (3), 377-381
Reunanen, A., Aho, K., Aromaa, A. and Knekt, P. (1986), Incidence of Stroke in A
   Finnish Prospective Population Study. Stroke, 17 (4), 675-681
Britton, M., Carlsson, A. and Defaire, U. (1986), Blood-Pressure Course in Patients
   with Acute Stroke and Matched Controls. Stroke, 17 (5), 861-864
Burke, A.M., Younkin, D., Gordon, J., Goldberg, H., Graham, T., Kushner, M., Obrist,
   W., Jaggi, J., Rosen, M. and Reivich, M. (1986), Changes in Cerebral Blood-Flow
   and Recovery from Acute Stroke. Stroke, 17 (2), 173-178
Cote, R., Hachinski, V.C., Shurvell, B.L., Norris, J.W. and Wolfson, C. (1986), The
   Canadian Neurological Scale - A Preliminary-Study in Acute Stroke. Stroke, 17 (4),
   731-737
Chen, S.T., Hsu, C.Y., Hogan, E.L., Maricq, H. and Balentine, J.D. (1986), A Model of
   Focal Ischemic Stroke in the Rat - Reproducible Extensive Cortical Infarction. Stroke,
   17 (4), 738-743
Delzoppo, G.J., Copeland, B.R., Waltz, T.A., Zyroff, J., Plow, E.F. and Harker, L.A.
   (1986), The Beneficial Effect of Intracarotid Urokinase on Acute Stroke in A Baboon
   Model. Stroke, 17 (4), 638-643
Berger, L. and Hakim, A.M. (1986), The Association of Hyperglycemia with Cerebral
   Edema in Stroke. Stroke, 17 (5), 865-871
Delzoppo, G.J., Copeland, B.R., Harker, L.A., Waltz, T.A., Zyroff, J., Hanson, S.R. and
   Battenberg, E. (1986), Experimental Acute Thrombotic Stroke in Baboons. Stroke,
   17 (6), 1254-1265
Bansal, B.C., Sood, A.K. and Bansal, C.B. (1986), Familial Hyperlipidemia in Stroke in
   the Young. Stroke, 17 (6), 1142-1145
Yatsu, F.M., Becker, C., Mcleroy, K.R., Coull, B., Feibel, J., Howard, G., Toole, J.F.
   and Walker, M.D. (1986), Community Hospital-Based Stroke Programs -
   North-Carolina, Oregon, and New-York .1. Goals, Objectives, and Data-Collection
   Procedures. Stroke, 17 (2), 276-284
Jongbloed, L. (1986), Prediction of Function After Stroke - A Critical-Review. Stroke,
   17 (4), 765-776
Diaz, J.F., Hachinski, V.C., Pederson, L.L. and Donald, A. (1986), Aggregation of
   Multiple Risk-Factors for Stroke in Siblings of Patients with Brain Infarction and
   Transient Ischemic Attacks. Stroke, 17 (6), 1239-1242
Dignan, M.B., Howard, G., Toole, J.F., Becker, C. and Mcleroy, K.R. (1986),
   Evaluation of the North-Carolina Stroke Care Program. Stroke, 17 (3), 382-386
Dewitt, L.D. (1986), Clinical Use of Nuclear-Magnetic-Resonance Imaging in Stroke
   (Reprinted from Current Concepts of Cerebrovascular-Disease - Stroke, September,
   1985). Stroke, 17 (2), 328-331
Kelley, R.E., Vibulsresth, S., Bell, L. and Duncan, R.C. (1987), Evaluation of Kinetic
   Therapy in the Prevention of Complications of Prolonged Bed Rest Secondary to
   Stroke. Stroke, 18 (3), 638-642
Suzuki, K., Kutsuzawa, T., Takita, K., Ito, M., Sakamoto, T., Hirayama, A., Ito, T.,
   Ishida, T., Ooishi, H., Kawakami, K., Hirota, K., Ogasawara, T., Yoshida, J., Tamura,
   T., Hattori, S., Iwabuchi, S., Karouji, Y., Waga, T., Oosato, Y., Yazaki, K., Saito, T.,
   Oouchi, T. and Kojima, S. (1987), Clinico-Epidemiologic Study of Stroke in Akita,
   Japan. Stroke, 18 (2), 402-406
Hsu, C.Y., Faught, R.E., Furlan, A.J., Coull, B.M., Huang, D.C., Hogan, E.L., Linet, O.I.
   and Yatsu, F.M. (1987), Intravenous Prostacyclin in Acute Nonhemorrhagic Stroke -
   A Placebo-Controlled Double-Blind Trial. Stroke, 18 (2), 352-358
Bogousslavsky, J., Regli, F. and Uske, A. (1987), Leukoencephalopathy in Patients with
   Ischemic Stroke. Stroke, 18 (5), 896-899
Sobel, E., Zhang, Z.X., Alter, M., Lai, S.M., Davanipour, Z., Friday, G., Mccoy, R.,
   Isack, T. and Levitt, L. (1987), Stroke in the Lehigh Valley - Seasonal-Variation in
   Incidence Rates. Stroke, 18 (1), 38-42
Tagami, M., Nara, Y., Kubota, A., Sunaga, T., Maezawa, H., Fujino, H. and Yamori, Y.
   (1987), Ultrastructural Characteristics of Occluded Perforating Arteries in
   Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Stroke, 18 (4), 733-740
Kessler, C., Henningsen, H., Reuther, R., Kimmig, B. and Rosch, M. (1987),
   Identification of Intracardiac Thrombi in Stroke Patients with In-111 Platelet
   Scintigraphy. Stroke, 18 (1), 63-67
Gorelick, P.B., Rodin, M.B., Langenberg, P., Hier, D.B., Costigan, J., Gomez, I. and
   Spontak, S. (1987), Is Acute Alcohol Ingestion A Risk Factor for Ischemic Stroke -
   Results of A Controlled-Study in Middle-Aged and Elderly Stroke Patients at 3
   Urban Medical-Centers. Stroke, 18 (2), 359-364
Jacobs, T.P., Shohami, E., Baze, W., Burgard, E., Gunderson, C., Hallenbeck, J.M. and
   Feuerstein, G. (1987), Deteriorating Stroke Model - Histopathology, Edema, and
   Eicosanoid Changes Following Spinal-Cord Ischemia in Rabbits. Stroke, 18 (4),
   741-750
Larue, L., Alter, M., Lai, S.M., Friday, G., Sobel, E., Levitt, L., Mccoy, R. and Isack, T.
   (1987), Acute Stroke, Hematocrit, and Blood-Pressure. Stroke, 18 (3), 565-569
Lagreze, H.L., Levine, R.L., Pedula, K.L., Nickles, R.J., Sunderland, J.S. and Rowe,
   B.R. (1987), Contralateral Flow Reduction in Unilateral Stroke - Evidence for
   Transhemispheric Diaschisis. Stroke, 18 (5), 882-886
Asplund, K. (1987), Multicenter Trial of Hemodilution in Acute Ischemic Stroke .1.
   Results in the Total Patient Population. Stroke, 18 (4), 691-699
Bamford, J., Sandercock, P., Jones, L. and Warlow, C. (1987), The Natural-History of
   Lacunar Infarction - the Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project. Stroke, 18 (3),
   545-551
Gur, R.C., Gur, R.E., Silver, F.L., Obrist, W.D., Skolnick, B.E., Kushner, M., Hurtig,
   H.I. and Reivich, M. (1987), Regional Cerebral Blood-Flow in Stroke - Hemispheric
   Effects of Cognitive Activity. Stroke, 18 (4), 776-780
Levine, S.R., Kim, S., Deegan, M.J. and Welch, K.M.A. (1987), Ischemic Stroke
   Associated with Anticardiolipin Antibodies. Stroke, 18 (6), 1101-1106
Levine, S.R., Knake, J.E. and Young, A.B. (1987), Atypical Progressive Stroke
   Syndrome Associated with Oral- Contraceptives and Cigarette Use. Stroke, 18 (2),
   519-523
Bernspang, B., Asplund, K., Eriksson, S. and Fuglmeyer, A.R. (1987), Motor and
   Perceptual Impairments in Acute Stroke Patients - Effects on Self-Care Ability.
   Stroke, 18 (6), 1081-1086
Simpson, R.K. and Baskin, D.S. (1987), Early Component Changes in Corticomotor
   Evoked-Potentials Following Experimental Stroke. Stroke, 18 (6), 1141-1147
Adams, R.J., Meador, K.J., Sethi, K.D., Grotta, J.C. and Thomson, D.S. (1987), Graded
   Neurologic Scale for Use in Acute Hemispheric Stroke Treatment Protocols. Stroke,
   18 (3), 665-669
Sacco, R.L., Bello, J.A., Traub, R. and Brust, J.C.M. (1987), Selective Proprioceptive
   Loss from A Thalamic Lacunar Stroke. Stroke, 18 (6), 1160-1163
Rothrock, J.F., Lyden, P.D., Hesselink, J.R., Brown, J.J. and Healy, M.E. (1987), Brain
   Magnetic-Resonance-Imaging in the Evaluation of Lacunar Stroke. Stroke, 18 (4),
   781-786
Dewitt, L.D., Kistler, J.P., Miller, D.C., Richardson, E.P. and Buonanno, F.S. (1987),
   Nmr-Neuropathologic Correlation in Stroke. Stroke, 18 (2), 342-351
Silliman, R.A., Wagner, E.H. and Fletcher, R.H. (1987), The Social and Functional
   Consequences of Stroke for Elderly Patients. Stroke, 18 (1), 200-203
Frei, A., Cottier, C., Wunderlich, P. and Ludin, E. (1987), Glycerol and Dextran
   Combined in the Therapy of Acute Stroke - A Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind
   Trial with A Planned Interim Analysis. Stroke, 18 (2), 373-379
Slivka, A. and Pulsinelli, W. (1987), Hemorrhagic Complications of Thrombolytic
   Therapy in Experimental Stroke. Stroke, 18 (6), 1148-1156
Dombovy, M.L., Basford, J.R., Whisnant, J.P. and Bergstralh, E.J. (1987), Disability
   and Use of Rehabilitation Services Following Stroke in Rochester, Minnesota,
   1975-1979. Stroke, 18 (5), 830-836
Ernst, E., Matrai, A. and Paulsen, F. (1987), Leukocyte Rheology in Recent Stroke.
   Stroke, 18 (1), 59-62
Candelise, L. (1987), The Italian Hemodilution Trial in Acute Stroke. Stroke, 18 (3),
   670-676
Caplan, L.R., Flamm, E.S., Mohr, J.P., Toole, J., Plum, F., Fisher, C.M., Drake, C.G.
   and Peerless, S.J. (1987), Lumbar Puncture and Stroke - A Statement for Physicians
   by A Committee of the Stroke Council, American-Heart-Association. Stroke, 18 (2),
   A544-A546
[Anon]. (1988), The Dutch Tia Trial - Protective Effects of Low-Dose Aspirin and
   Atenolol in Patients with Transient Ischemic Attacks Or Nondisabling Stroke. Stroke,
   19 (4), 512-517
Roth, E.J., Mueller, K. and Green, D. (1988), Stroke Rehabilitation Outcome - Impact
   of Coronary-Artery Disease. Stroke, 19 (1), 42-47
Wing, S., Casper, M., Davis, W.B., Pellom, A., Riggan, W. and Tyroler, H.A. (1988),
   Stroke Mortality Maps - United-States Whites Aged 35-74 Years, 1962-1982. Stroke,
   19 (12), 1507-1513
Reding, M.J. and Potes, E. (1988), Rehabilitation Outcome Following Initial Unilateral
   Hemispheric Stroke - Life Table Analysis Approach. Stroke, 19 (11), 1354-1358
Joseph, R., Welch, K.M.A., Grunfeld, S., Oster, S.B. and Dandrea, G. (1988), Baseline
   and Activated Platelet Cytoplasmic Ionized Calcium in Acute Ischemic Stroke -
   Effect of Aspirin. Stroke, 19 (10), 1234-1238
Terent, A. (1988), Increasing Incidence of Stroke Among Swedish Women. Stroke, 19
   (5), 598-603
Dewitt, L.D. and Wechsler, L.R. (1988), Transcranial Doppler (Reprinted from Current
   Concepts of Cerebrovascular Disease-Stroke, Vol 22, Pg 31-36, 1987). Stroke, 19 (7),
   915-921
Prusty, S., Kemper, T., Moss, M.B. and Hollander, W. (1988), Occurrence of Stroke in
   A Nonhuman Primate Model of Cerebrovascular-Disease. Stroke, 19 (1), 84-90
Petersen, P. and Hansen, J.M. (1988), Stroke in Thyrotoxicosis with Atrial-Fibrillation.
   Stroke, 19 (1), 15-18
Lodder, J., Krijnekubat, B. and Vanderlugt, P.J.M. (1988), Timing of
   Autopsy-Confirmed Hemorrhagic Infarction with Reference to Cardioembolic Stroke.
   Stroke, 19 (12), 1482-1484
Dewitt, L.D., Pessin, M.S., Pandian, N.G., Paulker, S.G., Sonnenberg, F.A. and Caplan,
   L.R. (1988), Benign Disappearance of Ventricular Thrombus After Embolic Stroke -
   A Case-Report. Stroke, 19 (3), 393-396
Asplund, K. (1988), Multicenter Trial of Hemodilution in Acute Ischemic Stroke -
   Results of Subgroup Analyses. Stroke, 19 (4), 464-471
Levine, S.R. and Welch, K.M.A. (1988), Cocaine and Stroke (Reprinted from Current
   Concepts of Cerebrovascular-Disease Stroke, Vol 22, Pg 25-30, 1987). Stroke, 19 (6),
   779-783
Hankey, G.J. and Stewartwynne, E.G. (1988), Amnesia Following Thalamic
   Hemorrhage - Another Stroke Syndrome. Stroke, 19 (6), 776-778
Bonita, R. and Beaglehole, R. (1988), Recovery of Motor Function After Stroke. Stroke,
   19 (12), 1497-1500
Foulkes, M.A., Wolf, P.A., Price, T.R., Mohr, J.P. and Hier, D.B. (1988), The Stroke
   Data-Bank - Design, Methods, and Baseline Characteristics. Stroke, 19 (5), 547-554
Ferro, J.M. and Crespo, M. (1988), Young-Adult Stroke - Neuropsychological
   Dysfunction and Recovery. Stroke, 19 (8), 982-986
Bogousslavsky, J., Vanmelle, G. and Regli, F. (1988), The Lausanne Stroke Registry -
   Analysis of 1,000 Consecutive Patients with 1St Stroke. Stroke, 19 (9), 1083-1092
Meissner, I., Whisnant, J.P. and Garraway, W.M. (1988), Hypertension Management
   and Stroke Recurrence in A Community (Rochester, Minnesota, 1950-1979). Stroke,
   19 (4), 459-463
Bonita, R., Ford, M.A. and Stewart, A.W. (1988), Predicting Survival After Stroke - A
   3-Year Follow-Up. Stroke, 19 (6), 669-673
Dangelo, A., Landi, G., Dangelo, S.V., Orazio, E.N., Boccardi, E., Candelise, L. and
   Mannucci, P.M. (1988), Protein-C in Acute Stroke. Stroke, 19 (5), 579-583
Delzoppo, G.J. (1988), Thrombolytic Therapy in Cerebrovascular-Disease, (Reprinted
   from Current Concepts of Cerebrovascular-Disease and Stroke, 1988, Vol 23, Pg
   7-12). Stroke, 19 (9), 1174-1179
Knutsen, R., Knutsen, S.F., Curb, J.D., Reed, D.M., Kautz, J.A. and Yano, K. (1988),
   Predictive Value of Resting Electrocardiograms for 12-Year Incidence of Stroke in
   the Honolulu Heart Program. Stroke, 19 (5), 555-559
Scmidt, E.V., Smirnov, V.E. and Ryabova, V.S. (1988), Results of the 7-Year
   Prospective-Study of Stroke Patients. Stroke, 19 (8), 942-949
Sze, P.C., Reitman, D., Pincus, M.M., Sacks, H.S. and Chalmers, T.C. (1988),
   Antiplatelet Agents in the Secondary Prevention of Stroke - Meta-Analysis of the
   Randomized Control Trials. Stroke, 19 (4), 436-442
Kawano, T., Tsutsumi, K., Miyake, H. and Mori, K. (1988), Striatal Dopamine in Acute
   Cerebral-Ischemia of Stroke- Resistant Rats. Stroke, 19 (12), 1540-1543
Stier, C.T., Benter, I.F. and Levine, S. (1988), Thromboxane-A2 in Severe
   Hypertension and Stroke in Stroke- Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Stroke,
   19 (9), 1145-1150
Snyder, B.D. and Tabbaa, M.A. (1988), Assessment and Treatment of Neurological
   Dysfunction After Cardiac-Arrest (Reprinted from Current Concepts of
   Cerebrovascular-Disease Stroke, Vol 22, Pg 1-6, 1987). Stroke, 19 (2), 269-273
Gent, M., Blakely, J.A., Easton, J.D., Ellis, D.J., Hachinski, V.C., Harbison, J.W.,
   Panak, E., Roberts, R.S., Sicurella, J. and Turpie, A.G.G. (1988), The Canadian
   American Ticlopidine Study (Cats) in Thromboembolic Stroke - Design,
   Organization, and Baseline Results. Stroke, 19 (10), 1203-1210
Delzoppo, G.J., Ferbert, A., Otis, S., Bruckmann, H., Hacke, W., Zyroff, J., Harker, L.A.
   and Zeumer, H. (1988), Local Intra-Arterial Fibrinolytic Therapy in Acute Carotid
   Territory Stroke - A Pilot-Study. Stroke, 19 (3), 307-313
Gillum, R.F. (1988), Stroke in Blacks. Stroke, 19 (1), 1-9
Helgason, C.M. (1988), Blood-Glucose and Stroke (Reprinted from Current Concepts
   of Cerebrovascular-Disease and Stroke, Vol 23, Pg 1-6, 1988). Stroke, 19 (8),
   1049-1053
Woo, E., Ma, J.T.C., Robinson, J.D. and Yu, Y.L. (1988), Hyperglycemia Is A Stress
   Response in Acute Stroke. Stroke, 19 (11), 1359-1364
Hallenbeck, J.M., Dutka, A.J., Kochanek, P.M., Siren, A., Pezeshkpour, G.H. and
   Feuerstein, G. (1988), Stroke Risk-Factors Prepare Rat Brain-Stem Tissues for
   Modified Local Shwartzman Reaction. Stroke, 19 (7), 863-869
Kaizer, F., Kornerbitensky, N., Mayo, N., Becker, R. and Coopersmith, H. (1988),
   Response-Time of Stroke Patients to A Visual Stimulus. Stroke, 19 (3), 335-339
Bharucha, N.E., Bharucha, E.P., Bharucha, A.E., Bhise, A.V. and Schoenberg, B.S.
   (1988), Prevalence of Stroke in the Parsi Community of Bombay. Stroke, 19 (1),
   60-62
Gelmers, H.J., Gorter, K., Deweerdt, C.J. and Wiezer, H.J.A. (1988), Assessment of
   Interobserver Variability in A Dutch Multicenter Study on Acute Ischemic Stroke.
   Stroke, 19 (6), 709-711
Fisher, M., Kase, C.S., Stelle, B. and Mills, R.M. (1988), Ischemic Stroke After
   Cardiac-Pacemaker Implantation in Sick Sinus Syndrome. Stroke, 19 (6), 712-715
Larue, L.J., Alter, M., Traven, N.D., Sterman, A.B., Sobel, E. and Kleiner, J. (1988),
   Acute Stroke Therapy Trials - Problems in Patient Accrual. Stroke, 19 (8), 950-954
Lee, T.K., Chen, Y.C., Lien, I.N., Liu, M.C. and Huang, Z.S. (1988), Inhibitory Effect
   of Acetylsalicylic-Acid on Platelet-Function in Patients with Completed Stroke Or
   Reversible Ischemic Neurologic Deficit. Stroke, 19 (5), 566-570
Nencini, P., Inzitari, D., Baruffi, M.C., Fratiglioni, L., Gagliardi, R., Benvenuti, L.,
   Buccheri, A.M., Cecchi, L., Passigli, A., Rosselli, A. and Amaducci, L. (1988),
   Incidence of Stroke in Young-Adults in Florence, Italy. Stroke, 19 (8), 977-981
Vanswieten, J.C., Koudstaal, P.J., Visser, M.C., Schouten, H.J.A. and Vangijn, J. (1988),
   Interobserver Agreement for the Assessment of Handicap in Stroke Patients. Stroke,
   19 (5), 604-607
Matsumoto, M., Hatakeyama, T., Akai, F., Brengman, J.M. and Yanagihara, T. (1988),
   Prediction of Stroke Before and After Unilateral Occlusion of the Common
   Carotid-Artery in Gerbils. Stroke, 19 (4), 490-497
Dipasquale, G., Andreoli, A., Grazi, P., Dominici, P. and Pinelli, G. (1988),
   Cardioembolic Stroke from Atrial Septal Aneurysm. Stroke, 19 (5), 640-643
Ahmed, O.I., Orchard, T.J., Sharma, R., Mitchell, H. and Talbot, E. (1988), Declining
   Mortality from Stroke in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania - Trends in Case Fatality
   and Severity of Disease, 1971-1980. Stroke, 19 (2), 181-184
Hsu, C.Y., Norris, J.W., Hogan, E.L., Bladin, P., Dinsdale, H.B., Yatsu, F.M., Earnest,
   M.P., Scheinberg, P., Caplan, L.R., Karp, H.R., Swanson, P.D., Feldman, R.G.,
   Cohen, M.M., Mayman, C.I., Cobert, B. and Savitsky, J.P. (1988), Pentoxifylline in
   Acute Nonhemorrhagic Stroke - A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Double-Blind
   Trial. Stroke, 19 (6), 716-722
Boysen, G., Nyboe, J., Appleyard, M., Sorensen, P.S., Boas, J., Somnier, F., Jensen, G.
   and Schnohr, P. (1988), Stroke Incidence and Risk-Factors for Stroke in Copenhagen,
   Denmark. Stroke, 19 (11), 1345-1353
Evans, R.L., Matlock, A.L., Bishop, D.S., Stranahan, S. and Pederson, C. (1988),
   Family Intervention After Stroke - Does Counseling Or Education Help. Stroke, 19
   (10), 1243-1249
Woo, E., Chan, Y.W., Yu, Y.L. and Huang, C.Y. (1988), Admission Glucose Level in
   Relation to Mortality and Morbidity Outcome in 252 Stroke Patients. Stroke, 19 (2),
   185-191
Niemi, M.L., Laaksonen, R., Kotila, M. and Waltimo, O. (1988), Quality of Life 4
   Years After Stroke. Stroke, 19 (9), 1101-1107
Askenasy, J.J.M. and Goldhammer, I. (1988), Sleep-Apnea As A Feature of Bulbar
   Stroke. Stroke, 19 (5), 637-639
Graor, R.A. and Hetzer, N.R. (1988), Management of Coexistent Carotid-Artery and
   Coronary-Artery Disease (Reprinted from Current Concepts of Cerebrovascular-
   Disease and Stroke, Vol 23, Pg 19-23, 1988). Stroke, 19 (11), 1441-1444
Miller, V.T. and Hart, R.G. (1988), Heparin Anticoagulation in Acute Brain Ischemia
   (Reprinted from Current Concepts of Cerebrovascular-Disease - Stroke, Vol 22, Pg
   7-11, 1987. Stroke, 19 (3), 403-406
Grotta, J.C. (1989), Hypervolemic Hemodilution Treatment of Acute Stroke - Results of
   A Randomized Multicenter Trial Using Pentastarch. Stroke, 20 (3), 317-323
Fritz, V.U. and Levien, L.J. (1989), Pathogenesis of Transient Ischemic Attacks and
   Stroke in Baboons. Stroke, 20 (3), 386-389
Futrell, N. and Millikan, C. (1989), Frequency, Etiology, and Prevention of Stroke in
   Patients with Systemic Lupus-Erythematosus. Stroke, 20 (5), 583-591
Ueyama, H., Hashimoto, Y., Uchino, M., Sasaki, Y., Uyama, E., Okajima, K. and Araki,
   S. (1989), Progressing Ischemic Stroke in A Homozygote with Variant
   Antithrombin-Iii. Stroke, 20 (6), 815-818
Brown, M.M., Thompson, A.J., Wedzicha, J.A. and Swash, M. (1989), Sarcoidosis
   Presenting with Stroke. Stroke, 20 (3), 400-405
Cote, R. and Caron, J.L. (1989), Management of Carotid-Artery Occlusion (Reprinted
   from Current Concepts of Cerebrovascular-Disease and Stroke, Vol 23, Pg 25- 29,
   1988). Stroke, 20 (1), 123-126
Benassi, G., Ricci, P., Calbucci, F., Cacciatore, F.M. and Dalessandro, R. (1989),
   Slowly Progressive Ischemic Stroke As 1St Manifestation of Essential
   Thrombocythemia. Stroke, 20 (9), 1271-1272
Kase, C.S., Wolf, P.A., Chodosh, E.H., Zacker, H.B., Kellyhayes, M., Kannel, W.B.,
   Dagostino, R.B. and Scampini, L. (1989), Prevalence of Silent Stroke in Patients
   Presenting with Initial Stroke - the Framingham-Study. Stroke, 20 (7), 850-852
Chimowitz, M.I., Awad, I.A. and Furlan, A.J. (1989), Periventricular Lesions on Mri -
   Facts and Theories (Reprinted from Current Concepts of Cerebrovascular-Disease
   and Stroke, Vol 24, Pg 7-12, 1989). Stroke, 20 (7), 963-967
Deley, G., Weyne, J., Demeester, G., Stryckmans, K., Goethals, P. and Leusen, I.
   (1989), Streptokinase Treatment Versus Calcium Overload Blockade in
   Experimental Thromboembolic Stroke. Stroke, 20 (3), 357-361
Dolhaberriague, L., Hernandezvidal, A., Molina, L., Solersingla, L., Marrugat, J., Pons,
   S., Moral, A. and Pouserradell, A. (1989), A Prospective-Study of Atrial-Fibrillation
   and Stroke. Stroke, 20 (12), 1648-1652
Hu, H.H., Chu, F.L., Chiang, B.N., Lan, C.F., Sheng, W.Y., Lo, Y.K., Wong, W.J. and
   Luk, Y.O. (1989), Prevalence of Stroke in Taiwan. Stroke, 20 (7), 858-863
Heros, R.C. and Korosue, K. (1989), Hemodilution for Cerebral-Ischemia (Reprinted
   from Current Concepts of Cerebrovascular-Disease and Stroke, Vol 23, Pg 31- 36,
   1988). Stroke, 20 (3), 423-427
Dipasquale, G., Ribani, M., Andreoli, A., Zampa, G.A. and Pinelli, G. (1989),
   Cardioembolic Stroke in Primary Oxalosis with Cardiac Involvement. Stroke, 20 (10),
   1403-1406
Helgason, C.M., Chomka, E., Louie, E., Rich, S., Zajac, E., Roig, E., Wilbur, A. and
   Brundage, B.H. (1989), The Potential Role for Ultrafast Cardiac
   Computed-Tomography in Patients with Stroke. Stroke, 20 (4), 465-472
Feinberg, W.M., Bruck, D.C., Ring, M.E. and Corrigan, J.J. (1989), Hemostatic
   Markers in Acute Stroke. Stroke, 20 (5), 592-597
Epstein, L., Rishpon, S., Bental, E., Brook, G., Tamir, A., Gross, B., Szwarc, M.,
   Manelis, J. and Pillar, T. (1989), Incidence, Mortality, and Case - Fatality Rate of
   Stroke in Northern Israel. Stroke, 20 (6), 725-729
Hommel, M., Besson, G., Pollak, P., Borgel, F., Lebas, J.F. and Perret, J. (1989), Pure
   Sensory Stroke Due to A Pontine Lacune. Stroke, 20 (3), 406-408
Ho, W.K.K., Wen, H.L. and Lee, C.M. (1989), Tetramethylpyrazine for Treatment of
   Experimentally Induced Stroke in Mongolian Gerbils. Stroke, 20 (1), 96-99
Evans, R.L., Noonan, W.C., Bishop, D.S. and Hendricks, R.D. (1989), Caregiver
   Assessment of Personal Adjustment After Stroke in A Veterans Administration
   Medical-Center Outpatient Cohort. Stroke, 20 (4), 483-487
Howard, G., Toole, J.F., Becker, C., Lefkowitz, D.S., Truscott, B.L., Rose, L. and
   Evans, G.W. (1989), Changes in Survival Following Stroke in 5 North-Carolina
   Counties Observed During 2 Different Periods. Stroke, 20 (3), 345-350
Vorstrup, S., Andersen, A., Juhler, M., Brun, B. and Boysen, G. (1989), Hemodilution
   Increases Cerebral Blood-Flow in Acute Ischemic Stroke. Stroke, 20 (7), 884-889
Joseph, R., Dandrea, G., Oster, S.B. and Welch, K.M.A. (1989), Whole-Blood
   Platelet-Function in Acute Ischemic Stroke - Importance of Dense Body Secretion
   and Effects of Antithrombotic Agents. Stroke, 20 (1), 38-44
Joseph, R., Riddle, J.M., Welch, K.M.A. and Dandrea, G. (1989), Platelet Ultrastructure
   and Secretion in Acute Ischemic Stroke. Stroke, 20 (10), 1316-1319
Broderick, J.P., Phillips, S.J., Whisnant, J.P., Ofallon, W.M. and Bergstralh, E.J. (1989),
   Incidence Rates of Stroke in the Eighties - the End of the Decline in Stroke. Stroke,
   20 (5), 577-582
Brott, T. and Reed, R.L. (1989), Intensive-Care for Acute Stroke in the
   Community-Hospital Setting the 1St 24 Hours, (Reprinted from Current Concepts of
   Cerebrovascular-Disease and Strok, 1989, Vol 24, Pg 1-5). Stroke, 20 (5), 694-697
Jungquist, G., Nilsson, B., Ostberg, H., Isacsson, S.O., Janzon, L., Steen, B. and Lindell,
   S.E. (1989), Carotid-Artery Blood-Flow Velocity Related to Transient Ischemic
   Attack and Stroke in A Population Study of 69-Year-Old Men. Stroke, 20 (10),
   1327-1330
Dennis, M.S., Bamford, J.M., Sandercock, P.A.G. and Warlow, C.P. (1989), A
   Comparison of Risk-Factors and Prognosis for Transient Ischemic Attacks and
   Minor Ischemic Strokes - the Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project. Stroke, 20 (11),
   1494-1499
Flegel, K.M. and Hanley, J. (1989), Risk-Factors for Stroke and Other Embolic Events
   in Patients with Nonrheumatic Atrial-Fibrillation. Stroke, 20 (8), 1000-1004
Deryck, M., Vanreempts, J., Borgers, M., Wauquier, A. and Janssen, P.A.J. (1989),
   Photochemical Stroke Model - Flunarizine Prevents Sensorimotor Deficits After
   Neocortical Infarcts in Rats. Stroke, 20 (10), 1383-1390
Joseph, R., Welch, K.M.A. and Dandrea, G. (1989), Effect of Therapy on Platelet
   Activating Factor-Induced Aggregation in Acute Stroke. Stroke, 20 (5), 609-611
Fort, S., Batty, G.M. and Wilkins, W.E. (1989), Prolonged Pharyngeal Impaction of
   Dentures Following Stroke. Stroke, 20 (12), 1748-1750
Terent, A. (1989), Survival After Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attacks During the
   1970S and 1980S. Stroke, 20 (10), 1320-1326
Klag, M.J., Whelton, P.K. and Seidler, A.J. (1989), Decline in Us Stroke Mortality -
   Demographic-Trends and Antihypertensive Treatment. Stroke, 20 (1), 14-21
Rosadini, G., Cossu, M., Decarli, F., Marenco, S., Nobili, F. and Rodriguez, G. (1989),
   Evaluation of Cerebral Blood-Flow Data in Stroke Patients Using A Mapping
   System. Stroke, 20 (9), 1182-1189
Argentino, C., Sacchetti, M.L., Toni, D., Savoini, G., Darcangelo, E., Erminio, F.,
   Federico, F., Milone, F.F., Gallai, V., Gambi, D., Mamoli, A., Ottonello, G.A.,
   Ponari, O., Rebucci, G., Senin, U. and Fieschi, C. (1989), Gm1 Ganglioside Therapy
   in Acute Ischemic Stroke. Stroke, 20 (9), 1143-1149
Ogata, J., Yutani, C., Imakita, M., Ishibashiueda, H., Saku, Y., Minematsu, K., Sawada,
   T. and Yamaguchi, T. (1989), Hemorrhagic Infarct of the Brain Without A
   Reopening of the Occluded Arteries in Cardioembolic Stroke. Stroke, 20 (7),
   876-883
Rothrock, J.F., Dittrich, H.C., Mcallen, S., Taft, B.J. and Lyden, P.D. (1989), Acute
   Anticoagulation Following Cardioembolic Stroke. Stroke, 20 (6), 730-734
Babikian, V.L., Kase, C.S., Pessin, M.S., Norrving, B. and Gorelick, P.B. (1989),
   Intracerebral Hemorrhage in Stroke Patients Anticoagulated with Heparin. Stroke, 20
   (11), 1500-1503
Sacco, R.L., Foulkes, M.A., Mohr, J.P., Wolf, P.A., Hier, D.B. and Price, T.R. (1989),
   Determinants of Early Recurrence of Cerebral Infarction - the Stroke Data-Bank.
   Stroke, 20 (8), 983-989
Beebe, H.G., Clagett, G.P., Deweese, J.A., Moore, W.S., Robertson, J.T., Sandok, B.
   and Wolf, P.A. (1989), Assessing Risk Associated with Carotid Endarterectomy - A
   Statement for Health-Professionals by An Ad Hoc Committee on Carotid Surgery
   Standards of the Stroke Council, American- Heart-Association. Stroke, 20 (2),
   314-315
Ricci, S., Celani, M.G., Guercini, G., Rucireta, P., Vitali, R., Larosa, F., Duca, E.,
   Ferraguzzi, R., Paolotti, M., Seppoloni, D., Caputo, N., Chiurulla, C., Scaroni, R. and
   Signorini, E. (1989), 1St-Year Results of A Community-Based Study of Stroke
   Incidence in Umbria, Italy. Stroke, 20 (7), 853-857
Norrving, B. and Cronqvist, S. (1989), Clinical and Radiologic Features of Lacunar
   Versus Nonlacunar Minor Stroke. Stroke, 20 (1), 59-64
Yano, K., Reed, D.M. and Maclean, C.J. (1989), Serum-Cholesterol and Hemorrhagic
   Stroke in the Honolulu Heart Program. Stroke, 20 (11), 1460-1465
Agrell, B. and Dehlin, O. (1989), Comparison of 6 Depression Rating-Scales in
   Geriatric Stroke Patients. Stroke, 20 (9), 1190-1194
Marler, J.R., Price, T.R., Clark, G.L., Muller, J.E., Robertson, T., Mohr, J.P., Hier, D.B.,
   Wolf, P.A., Caplan, L.R. and Foulkes, M.A. (1989), Morning Increase in Onset of
   Ischemic Stroke. Stroke, 20 (4), 473-476
Maruyama, M., Kuriyama, Y., Sawada, T., Yamaguchi, T., Fujita, T. and Omae, T.
   (1989), Brain-Damage After Open-Heart Surgery in Patients with Acute
   Cardioembolic Stroke. Stroke, 20 (10), 1305-1310
Ramadan, N.M., Deveshwar, R. and Levine, S.R. (1989), Magnetic-Resonance and
   Clinical Cerebrovascular-Disease - An Update (Reprinted from Current Concepts of
   Cerebrovascular- Disease and Stroke, Vol 24, Pg 13-18, 1989). Stroke, 20 (9),
   1279-1283
Sila, C.A. (1989), Spectrum of Neurologic Events Following Cardiac Transplantation
   (Reprinted from Current Concepts Cerebrovascular-Disease and Stroke, Vol 24, Pg
   19-23, 1989). Stroke, 20 (11), 1586-1589
[Anon]. (1989), Cerebral Arteriography - A Report for Health-Professionals by the
   Executive Committee of the Stroke Council, American-Heart- Association. Stroke,
   20 (2), 316
Smeda, J.S. (1989), Hemorrhagic Stroke Development in Spontaneously Hypertensive
   Rats Fed A North-American, Japanese-Style Diet. Stroke, 20 (9), 1212-1218
Mayo, N.E., Hendlisz, J., Goldberg, M.S., Kornerbitensky, N., Becker, R. and
   Coopersmith, H. (1989), Destinations of Stroke Patients Discharged from the
   Montreal Area Acute-Care Hospitals. Stroke, 20 (3), 351-356
Spitzer, K., Thie, A., Caplan, L.R. and Kunze, K. (1989), The Microstroke Expert
   System for Stroke Type Diagnosis. Stroke, 20 (10), 1353-1356
Shah, S., Vanclay, F. and Cooper, B. (1989), Predicting Discharge Status at
   Commencement of Stroke Rehabilitation. Stroke, 20 (6), 766-769
Spitzer, K., Thie, A., Caplan, L.R. and Kunze, K. (1989), The Toposcout Expert System
   for Stroke Localization. Stroke, 20 (9), 1195-1201
Zanette, E.M., Fieschi, C., Bozzao, L., Roberti, C., Toni, D., Argentino, C. and Lenzi,
   G.L. (1989), Comparison of Cerebral-Angiography and Transcranial Doppler
   Sonography in Acute Stroke. Stroke, 20 (7), 899-903
Olsson, T., Astrom, M., Eriksson, S. and Forssell, A. (1989), Hypercortisolism
   Revealed by the Dexamethasone Suppression Test with Acute Ischemic Stroke.
   Stroke, 20 (12), 1685-1690
Sloan, M.A. and Haley, E.C. (1990), The Syndrome of Bilateral Hemispheric Border
   Zone Ischemia. Stroke, 21 (12), 1668-1673.
Abstract: Symptoms compatible with vertebrobasilar ischemia have been reported in
   patients with unilateral or bilateral carotid occlusive disease. Intracranial steal
   phenomena have been proposed to explain the symptoms. In a review of 54 patients
   with     angiographically    documented       severe    bilateral   carotid    stenosis
   (less-than-or-equal-to 2 mm residual lumen) or occlusion, eight had symptoms
   suggesting vertebrobasilar insufficiency. Five patients were identified retrospectively,
   and the other three were evaluated prospectively. Symptoms included various
   combinations of hemodynamically mediated, transient bilateral motor, sensory, or
   visual impariment. Dysarthria, dysphagia, and diplopia were generally absent. Each
   patient also described additional symptoms compatible with transient hemispheric or
   retinal ischemia. The anatomic regions subserving the bilateral vertebrobasilar-like
   symptoms could be correlated with angiographically estimated arterial border zones
   in both hemispheres and may thus represent bilateral hemispheric border zone
   ischemia rather than brain stem ischemia. An intracranial steal need not be invoked
Keywords:                         ATTACKS/CAROTID                               ARTERY
   DISEASES/CIRCULATION/ENDARTERECTOMY/FEATURES/HEART/INTER
   NAL
   CAROTID-ARTERY/MECHANISMS/OCCLUSION/PATHOGENESIS/STROKE/
   SYMPTOMS/VERTEBROBASILAR INSUFFICIENCY
Olinger, C.P., Adams, H.P., Brott, T.G., Biller, J., Barsan, W.G., Toffol, G.J., Eberle,
   R.W. and Marler, J.R. (1990), High-Dose Intravenous Naloxone for the Treatment of
   Acute Ischemic Stroke. Stroke, 21 (5), 721-725
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Wolf, S.L. (1990), Use of Biofeedback in the Treatment of Stroke Patients. Stroke, 21
   (9), 22-23
Keywords: HEART/SEP/STROKE
Argentino, C., Toni, D., Rasura, M., Violi, F., Sacchetti, M.L., Allegretta, A., Balsano,
   F. and Fieschi, C. (1990), Circadian Variation in the Frequency of Ischemic Stroke.
   Stroke, 21 (3), 387-389
Keywords: STROKE
Anderson, T.P. (1990), Studies Up to 1980 on Stroke Rehabilitation Outcomes. Stroke,
   21 (9), 43-45
Keywords: STROKE
Olsen, T.S. (1990), Arm and Leg Paresis As Outcome Predictors in Stroke
   Rehabilitation. Stroke, 21 (2), 247-251
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Smeda, J.S. (1990), Analysis of Cerebrovascular Sympathetic-Nerve Density in
   Relation to Stroke Development in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Stroke, 21 (5),
   785-789
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Folsom, A.R., Prineas, R.J., Kaye, S.A. and Munger, R.G. (1990), Incidence of
  Hypertension and Stroke in Relation to Body-Fat Distribution and Other
  Risk-Factors in Older Women. Stroke, 21 (5), 701-706
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Wong, M.C.W. and Haley, E.C. (1990), Calcium-Antagonists - Stroke Therapy Coming
  of Age (Reprinted from Current Concepts of Cerebrovascular-Disease and Stroke,
  1989, Vol 24, Pg 31-36). Stroke, 21 (3), 494-501
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Ford, P.M., Brunet, D., Lillicrap, D.P. and Ford, S.E. (1990), Premature Stroke in A
  Family with Lupus Anticoagulant and Antiphospholipid Antibodies. Stroke, 21 (1),
  66-71
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Smith, D.S. (1990), Outcome Studies in Stroke Rehabilitation - the South Australian
  Stroke Study. Stroke, 21 (9), 56-58
Keywords: HEART/SEP/STROKE
Sotaniemi, K.A., Pyhtinen, J. and Myllyla, V.V. (1990), Correlation of Clinical and
  Computed Tomographic Findings in Stroke Patients. Stroke, 21 (11), 1562-1566
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Woo, J., Lam, C.W.K., Kay, R., Wong, H.Y., Teoh, R. and Nicholls, M.G. (1990),
  Acute and Long-Term Changes in Serum-Lipids After Acute Stroke. Stroke, 21 (10),
  1407-1411
Keywords: CHINESE/HEART/STROKE
Granger, C.V. and Gresham, G.E. (1990), International Classification of Impairments,
  Disabilities, and Handicaps (Icidh) As A Conceptual Basis for Stroke Outcome
  Research - A Tribute to Wood,Philip,H.N. Stroke, 21 (9), 66-67
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Granger, C.V. and Hamilton, B.B. (1990), Measurement of Stroke Rehabilitation
  Outcome in the 1980S. Stroke, 21 (9), 46-47
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Gustafsson, C., Blomback, M., Britton, M., Hamsten, A. and Svensson, J. (1990),
  Coagulation-Factors and the Increased Risk of Stroke in Nonvalvular
  Atrial-Fibrillation. Stroke, 21 (1), 47-51
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Hachinski, V. (1990), Classification of Stroke for Clinical-Trials. Stroke, 21 (9), 27-29
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Bogousslavsky, J., Vanmelle, G., Despland, P.A. and Regli, F. (1990),
  Alcohol-Consumption and Carotid Atherosclerosis in the Lausanne Stroke Registry.
  Stroke, 21 (5), 715-720
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Bogousslavsky, J., Delaloyebischof, A., Regli, F. and Delaloye, B. (1990), Prolonged
  Hypoperfusion and Early Stroke After Transient Ischemic Attack. Stroke, 21 (1),
  40-46
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Gowland, C.A. (1990), Staging Motor Impairment After Stroke. Stroke, 21 (9), 19-21
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Giubilei, F., Lenzi, G.L., Dipiero, V., Pozzilli, C., Pantano, P., Bastianello, S.,
  Argentino, C. and Fieschi, C. (1990), Predictive Value of Brain Perfusion
  Single-Photon Emission Computed-Tomography in Acute Ischemic Stroke. Stroke,
  21 (6), 895-900
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Goldstein, L.B. and Davis, J.N. (1990), Restorative Neurology - Drugs and Recovery
  Following Stroke (Reprinted from Current Concepts of Cerebrovascular-Disease and
  Stroke, Pg 19-24, Vol 25, 1990). Stroke, 21 (11), 1636-1640
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Gelmers, H.J. and Hennerici, M. (1990), Effect of Nimodipine on Acute Ischemic
  Stroke - Pooled Results from 5 Randomized Trials. Stroke, 21 (12), 81-84.
Abstract: In a review of pooled data from five double-blind, placebo- controlled studies
  of nimodipine in acute ischemic stroke, we compared the effect of 120 mg
  nimodipine given orally with that of placebo. In the five studies, 871 patients were
  followed, and 781 adhered to entry and inclusion criteria. End points were mortality
  and outcome at the end of the treatment period (21 or 28 days). Outcome was
  assessed with Mathew's scale and the physician's clinical judgement. The treatment
  and control groups were well matched with respect to demographic data, risk factors,
  and baseline Mathew scores. In the treatment group, 34 patients (7.9%) died during
  the treatment period, whereas 54 (12.3%) in the control group died, corresponding
  with a mortality reduction of 36%. Significantly less neurologic impairment at the
  end of the treatment period was documented under nimodipine treatment, and this
  impairment improved more in patients with moderate-to-severe stroke (baseline
  Mathew score less than 66) if administration of nimodipine occurred within 12 hours
  after stroke onset or if the patient was more than 65 years old. The overall incidence
  of adverse reactions was relatively modest, and these were of minor severity; only a
  few appeared to have more than a remote relation to the study mediation
Keywords:
  ASPIRIN/CEREBRAL-ISCHEMIA/HEART/INFARCTION/MORTALITY/NIMO
  DIPINE/STROKE
Gibson, C.J. (1990), Patterns of Care for Stroke Survivors. Stroke, 21 (9), 38-39
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Sohn, Y.H., Lee, B.I., Sunwoo, I.N., Kim, K.W. and Suh, J.H. (1990), Effect of
  Capsular Infarct Size on Clinical Presentation of Stroke. Stroke, 21 (9), 1258-1261
Keywords: HEART/SEP/STROKE
Bonita, R., Stewart, A. and Beaglehole, R. (1990), International Trends in Stroke
  Mortality - 1970-1985. Stroke, 21 (7), 989-992
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Goldstein, L.B. (1990), Pharmacology of Recovery After Stroke. Stroke, 21 (11),
  139-142
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Gomez, C.R. (1990), Carotid Plaque Morphology and Risk for Stroke (Reprinted from
  Current Concepts of Cerebrovascular-Disease and Stroke, 1989, Vol 24, Pg 25-29).
  Stroke, 21 (1), 148-151
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Sandin, K.J. and Smith, B.S. (1990), The Measure of Balance in Sitting in Stroke
  Rehabilitation Prognosis. Stroke, 21 (1), 82-86
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Weingarten, S., Bolus, R., Riedinger, M.S., Maldonado, L., Stein, S. and Ellrodt, A.G.
  (1990), The Principle of Parsimony - Glasgow Coma Scale Score Predicts Mortality
  As Well As the Apache-Ii Score for Stroke Patients. Stroke, 21 (9), 1280-1282
Keywords: HEART/SEP/STROKE
Davenport, J. and Hart, R.G. (1990), Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis 1976-1987 -
  Antibiotics, Anticoagulation, and Stroke. Stroke, 21 (7), 993-999
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Wender, M., Lenartjankowska, D., Pruchnik, D. and Kowal, P. (1990), Epidemiology of
   Stroke in the Poznan District of Poland. Stroke, 21 (3), 390-393
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Delzoppo, G.J. (1990), An Open, Multicenter Trial of Recombinant Tissue
   Plasminogen- Activator in Acute Stroke - A Progress Report. Stroke, 21 (12),
   174-175.
Abstract: Sixteen clinical centers in two countries have undertaken a prospective open
   angiography- and computed tomography scan- based safety and efficacy dose-rate
   finding study of recombinant (two-chain) tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PaA) in
   acute thrombotic and thromboembolic stroke. Preliminary experience with 71 rt-PA
   treated patients in seven dose-rate groups has demonstrated both partial and complete
   recanalization, documented by angiography, although a dose response has not yet
   been achieved. Hemorrhagic infarction has been documented at all rates, and
   dose-rate independent cerebral hematomas have been observed. The study continues
   at higher dose rates while still remaining within the safety guideline
Keywords:                      CLINICAL                        TRIALS/HEART/MIDDLE
   CEREBRAL-ARTERY/PLASMINOGEN
   ACTIVATOR/STROKE/THROMBOLYTIC THERAPY/TISSUE TYPE
Shinkawa, A., Ueda, K., Hasuo, Y., Kiyohara, Y. and Fujishima, M. (1990),
   Seasonal-Variation in Stroke Incidence in Hisayama, Japan. Stroke, 21 (9),
   1262-1267
Keywords: HEART/SEP/STROKE
Dennis, M., Bamford, J., Sandercock, P. and Warlow, C. (1990), Prognosis of Transient
   Ischemic Attacks in the Oxfordshire- Community-Stroke-Project. Stroke, 21 (6),
   848-853
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Delzoppo, G.J. (1990), Relevance of Focal Cerebral-Ischemia Models - Experience with
   Fibrinolytic Agents. Stroke, 21 (12), 155-160
Keywords:                 ANIMAL                 MODELS/ANIMAL-MODEL/ARTERY
   OCCLUSION/BABOON MODEL/BLOOD/CEREBRAL ISCHEMIA/EMBOLIC
   STROKE/FIBRINOLYSIS/HEART/INFARCTION/STROKE/THROMBOEMBOLI
   C STROKE/THROMBOLYTIC THERAPY/THROMBOTIC STROKE/TISSUE
   PLASMINOGEN-ACTIVATOR
Ring, H. (1990), Stroke Outcome Research, A Multidimensional Problem in Need of
   Multidimensional Answers - the Loewenstein-Rehabilitation- Center Stroke and
   Stroke Outcome Research at A Crossroad. Stroke, 21 (9), 61-63
Keywords: HEART/SEP/STROKE
Santus, G., Ranzenigo, A., Caregnato, R. and Inzoli, M.R. (1990), Social and Family
   Integration of Hemiplegic Elderly Patients 1 Year After Stroke. Stroke, 21 (7),
   1019-1022
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Clifford, J. (1990), Current Use of Functional Assessment to Measure Stroke Outcome
   in Canada. Stroke, 21 (9), 59-60
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Cooper, R., Sempos, C., Hsieh, S.C. and Kovar, M.G. (1990), Slowdown in the Decline
   of Stroke Mortality in the United- States, 1978-1986. Stroke, 21 (9), 1274-1279
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Shah, S., Vanclay, F. and Cooper, B. (1990), Efficiency, Effectiveness, and Duration of
   Stroke Rehabilitation. Stroke, 21 (2), 241-246
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Schror, K. and Braun, M. (1990), Platelets As A Source of Vasoactive Mediators.
   Stroke, 21 (12), 32-35.
Abstract: Human platelets release two major classes of vasoactive mediators during the
   secretion reaction: arachidonic acid metabolites and biogenic amines. All of these
   compounds, in particular thromboxane A2, PGF2-alpha, and serotonin (5-HT), are
   potent constrictors of human cerebral arteries in vitro. This contractile action of
   platelet-derived vasoconstrictors, as well as their prothrombotic activity, is
   antagonized by the vascular endothelium. Atherosclerotic alterations of the vessel
   wall endothelium, typical for cerebral ischemia and stroke, are associated with
   platelet hyperreactivity and enhanced mediator release during stimulation. Inhibition
   of platelet (hyper)function by acetylsalicylic acid or ticlopidine has clear protective
   effects in high-risk patients, underlining the significance of these platelet-derived
   products for cerebral thromboembolism and vasoconstriction. Whether more
   selective inhibitors of thromboxane generations or action are equally effective
   remains to be determined
Keywords:        A2/BASILAR           ARTERY/BLOOD             PLATELETS/CEREBRAL
   VASOSPASM/CONTRACTION/HEART/INHIBITOR/ISCHEMIA/PROSTACYC
   LIN/PROSTAGLANDINS/STROKE/SUBARACHNOID
   HEMORRHAGE/THROMBOXANE-A2/VASOCONSTRICTOR
   AGENTS/YOUNG-PATIENTS
[Anon]. (1990), Symposium Recommendations for Methodology in Stroke Outcome
   Research - Task-Force on Stroke Impairment, Task-Force on Stroke Disability, and
   Task-Force on Stroke Handicap. Stroke, 21 (9), 68-73
Coull, B.M., Brockschmidt, J.K., Howard, G., Becker, C., Yatsu, F.M., Toole, J.F.,
   Mcleroy, K.R. and Feibel, J. (1990), Community-Hospital Based Stroke Programs in
   North-Carolina, Oregon, and New-York .4. Stroke Diagnosis and Its Relation to
   Demographics, Risk-Factors, and Clinical Status After Stroke. Stroke, 21 (6),
   867-873
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Wertz, R.T. (1990), Communication Deficits in Stroke Survivors - An Overview of
   Classification and Treatment. Stroke, 21 (9), 16-18
Keywords: HEART/SEP/STROKE
Coull, B.M. and Goodnight, S.H. (1990), Antiphospholipid Antibodies, Prethrombotic
   States, and Stroke (Reprinted from Current Concepts of Cerebrovascular-Disease and
   Stroke, Vol 25, Pg 13-18, 1990). Stroke, 21 (9), 1370-1374
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Coull, B.M., Malinow, M.R., Beamer, N., Sexton, G., Nordt, F. and Degarmo, P. (1990),
   Elevated Plasma Homocyst(E)Ine Concentration As A Possible Independent Risk
   Factor for Stroke. Stroke, 21 (4), 572-576
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Reding, M.J. (1990), A Model Stroke Classification Scheme and Its Use in Outcome
   Research. Stroke, 21 (9), 35-37
Keywords: HEART/SEP/STROKE
Slivka, A., Silbersweig, D. and Pulsinelli, W. (1990), Carnitine Treatment for Stroke in
   Rats. Stroke, 21 (5), 808-811
Keywords: HEART/STATE/STROKE
Wolf, P.A. (1990), An Overview of the Epidemiology of Stroke. Stroke, 21 (9), 4-6
Keywords: HEART/SEP/STROKE
Anderson, D.C. (1990), Progress Report of the Stroke Prevention in Atrial-Fibrillation
   Study. Stroke, 21 (11), 12-17
Keywords: STROKE
Braun, M. and Schror, K. (1990), Bay-U-3405 Inhibits Cerebral Vasospasm Induced by
   Authentic Thromboxane-A2. Stroke, 21 (12), 152-154.
Abstract: Platelet activation results in the formation of various vasoactive mediators
   such as thromboxane A2 and serotonin. We investigated the effects of Bay U 3405
   [(3R)-3-(4-fluorophenyl-        sulfonamido)-1,2,3,4,-tetrahydro-9-carbazolepropanoic
   acid] on vasocontractions of isolated bovine cerebral arteries induced by U 46.619, a
   stable     thromboxane/prostaglandin-endoperoxide        analogue,       and     authentic
   thromboxane A2 released from thrombin- stimulated human platelets. Bay U 3405
   (0.001-10 mu-mol/1) potently inhibited the contraction induced by U 46.619 and
   demonstrated a reduction of the thromboxane-mediated component of
   platelet-induced contractile response at higher concentrations (0.1-10 mu-mol)
Keywords: A2/CEREBRAL VASOSPASM/HEART/PLATELET/PROSTAGLANDIN
   ENDOPEROXIDE/STROKE/THROMBOXANE-A2
Slivka, A. and Levy, D. (1990), Natural-History of Progressive Ischemic Stroke in A
   Population Treated with Heparin. Stroke, 21 (12), 1657-1662.
Abstract: Data on the acute natural history of progressive stroke with or without heparin
   treatment are limited. To define the acute course of patients treated with heparin for
   progressive stroke, we examined the charts of 69 such patients identified through the
   Cornell Neurology Database from October 1979 to June 1985. Analysis included
   determining whether further clinical deterioration or hemorrhagic complications
   were associated with readily identifiable clinical or laboratory variables. Twenty-
   five patients (36%) continued to deteriorate while receiving heparin, another two
   (3%) worsened due to intracerebral hemorrhage, and a total of 10 patients (14%) had
   bleeding complications. No clinical features or heparin dosing regimens
   distinguished the patients likely to benefit from heparin. Clinical progression or
   hemorrhage did not correlate with the level of anticoagulation as measured by the
   average heparin dose per day or the means partial thromboplastin time. Without
   unequivocal evidence demonstrating heparin's ineffectiveness for progressive stroke,
   many clinicians managing such patients will continue to use heparin. Our results
   suggest that this decision should not be governed by such clinical features as a
   patient's age or sex or by the vascular distribution of the stroke. Furthermore,
   frequent measurement of and overzealous efforts to adjust the partial thromboplastin
   time may be unnecessary since it does not correlate with outcome
Keywords:                                                                       CEREBRAL
   ISCHEMIA/COMPLICATIONS/HEART/HEPARIN/INFARCTION/NATURAL
   HISTORY/PROSPECTIVE TRIAL/STROKE/THERAPY
Brandstater, M.E. (1990), An Overview of Stroke Rehabilitation. Stroke, 21 (9), 40-42
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Finlayson, M.A.J. (1990), Neuropsychological Assessment and Treatment of Stroke
   Patients - An Overview. Stroke, 21 (9), 14-15
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Fieschi, C., Dipiero, V., Lenzi, G.L., Pantano, P., Giubilei, F., Buttinelli, C. and Carolei,
   A. (1990), Pathophysiology of Ischemic Brain Disease. Stroke, 21 (12), 9-11.
Abstract: In this article, we review and discuss the pathophysiology of brain ischemia,
   focusing on requirements of cerebral metabolism, biochemical characterization of the
   energy reserve, and autoradiographic and tomographic methods for in vivo
   evaluation of cerebral blood flow and metabolism. We propose new therapeutic
   strategies for the management of the acute phase of stroke, based on diagnostic
   protocols that include clinical evaluation, noninvasive study of neck and intracranial
   arteries, brain computed tomography, and single-photon emission computed
   tomography. The ideal therapeutic trial should combine early thrombolysis and
   active brain protection against those biochemical mechanisms leading to irreversible
   neuronal damage
Keywords:                  ACETAZOLAMIDE/ACUTE                          STROKE/ARTERY
   OCCLUSION/CEREBRAL BLOOD-FLOW/CEREBRAL ISCHEMIA/GLUCOSE-
   UTILIZATION/HEART/INFARCTION/METABOLISM/NORMAL
   VALUES/PERFUSION/POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY/STROKE
Finklestein, S.P., Caday, C.G., Kano, M., Berlove, D.J., Hsu, C.Y., Moskowitz, M. and
   Klagsbrun, M. (1990), Growth-Factor Expression After Stroke. Stroke, 21 (11),
   122-124
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Evans, R.L. and Bishop, D.S. (1990), Psychosocial Outcomes in Stroke Survivors -
   Implications for Research. Stroke, 21 (9), 48-49
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Zhu, C.Z. and Norris, J.W. (1990), Role of Carotid Stenosis in Ischemic Stroke. Stroke,
   21 (8), 1131-1134
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Phillips, D.A., Fisher, M., Davis, M.A., Smith, T.W. and Pang, R.H.L. (1990), Delayed
   Treatment with A T-Pa Analog and Streptokinase in A Rabbit Embolic Stroke Model.
   Stroke, 21 (4), 602-605
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Price, T.R. (1990), Stroke in Patients Treated with Thrombolytic Therapy for Acute
   Myocardial-Infarction - the Thrombosis in Myocardial-Infarction Clinical-Trial and
   A Review of Placebo-Controlled Trials. Stroke, 21 (11), 8-9
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Price, T.R. (1990), Affective-Disorders After Stroke. Stroke, 21 (9), 12-13
Keywords: HEART/SEP/STROKE
Dunbabin, D.W. and Sandercock, P.A.G. (1990), Preventing Stroke by the Modification
   of Risk-Factors. Stroke, 21 (12), 36-39.
Abstract: Epidemiologic research has revealed the major risk factors in cerebrovascular
   disease. This review will concentrate on three important risk factors: elevated blood
   pressure, the most common and important, since it is responsible for up to 70% of all
   strokes; raised cholesterol; and smoking. These factors are important not only
   because they increase the risk of stroke, but also because they are amenable to
   modification by drugs, diet, or other interventions. Strategies to avoid stroke can
   either 1) try to produce substantial reductions, usually with drugs, in the level of the
   risk factor in the few individuals in the population with high levels (the "high-risk"
   approach), or 2) try to produce modest reductions int he level of the risk factor in
   every individual in the population, usually not with drugs but with lifestyle
   modification (the "mass" approach). The prevention of stroke could best be achieved
   through continuing medical efforts to deal with high- risk individuals and through
   political strategies to encourage a healthier lifestyle in the population as a whole
Keywords:                                  BLOOD-PRESSURE/CEREBROVASCULAR
   DISORDERS/CEREBROVASCULAR-DISEASE/COMMUNITY/CONTROLLED
   TRIAL/CORONARY                 HEART-DISEASE/HEART/HYPERTENSION/MALE
   CIGARETTE                                               SMOKERS/MORTALITY/RISK
   FACTORS/SERUM-CHOLESTEROL/SMOKING/STROKE
Estol, C.J. and Pessin, M.S. (1990), Anticoagulation - Is There Still A Role in
   Atherothrombotic Stroke. Stroke, 21 (5), 820-824
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Pappata, S., Mazoyer, B., Dinh, S.T., Cambon, H., Levasseur, M. and Baron, J.C.
   (1990), Effects of Capsular Or Thalamic Stroke on Metabolism in the Cortex and
   Cerebellum - A Positron Tomography Study. Stroke, 21 (4), 519-524
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Petty, G.W., Brust, J.C.M., Tatemichi, T.K. and Barr, M.L. (1990), Embolic Stroke
   After Smoking Crack Cocaine. Stroke, 21 (11), 1632-1635
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Perzborn, E., Fiedler, V.B., Seuter, F., Stasch, J.P., Weber, H., Sander, E., Boshagen, H.
   and Rosentreter, U. (1990), Characterization of Bay-U-3405, A Novel Thromboxane
   A2 Endoperoxide Receptor Antagonist. Stroke, 21 (12), 143-145.
Abstract: The thromboxane A2-receptor antagonistic properties of Bay U 3405
   [(3R)-3-(4-fluorophenylsulfonamido)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9- carbazo-lepropanoic acid]
   have been evaluated in various pharmacologic models. Bay U 3405 specifically
   inhibits platelet aggregation induced by U 46619, collagen, platelet- activating factor,
   and the second wave of ADP (Ic50 0.5, 0.07, 0.3, 0.19-mu-M) in human plasma. The
   primary phase of ADP- induced aggregation is not affected. U 46619-induced
   platelet aggregation is competitively antagonized (pA2=6.3). In humans, ex vivo
   platelet aggregation is inhibited after oral application of 2 or 50 mg Bay U 3405. Bay
   U 3405 also specifically and competitively antagonizes U 46619-induced
   contractions of rabbit aortic rings (PA2=7.4). In vivo, Bay U 305 protects rabbits
   dose dependently from arachidonic acid or collagen-induced thromboembolism
   (ED50 1-3 mg/kg p.o). Chronic administration of Bay U 3405 to stroke-prone
   spontaneously hypertensive rats reduced stroke-related mortality and diminishes the
   occurrence of cerebral hemorrhages. From these results, we conclude that Bay U
   3405 is an orally active, selective, and competitive thromboxane A2-receptor
   antagonist that may be beneficial in the treatment of cardiovascular or
   cerebrovascular diseases
Keywords: A2/ADP/HEART/PLATELET AGGREGATION/PROSTAGLANDIN
   ENDOPEROXIDES/SPONTANEOUSLY                                           HYPERTENSIVE
   RATS/STROKE/THROMBOXANE-A2
Thorngren, M., Westling, B. and Norrving, B. (1990), Outcome After Stroke in Patients
   Discharged to Independent Living. Stroke, 21 (2), 236-240
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Holthoff, V., Beil, C., Hartmannklosterkotter, U., Neveling, M., Pawlik, G., Herholz, K.
   and Heiss, W.D. (1990), Effect of Nimodipine on Glucose-Metabolism in the Course
   of Ischemic Stroke. Stroke, 21 (12), 95-97.
Abstract: We investigated the effect of the calcium channel-blocking agent nimodipine
   on regional cerebral metabolic rate of glucose in acute ischemic middle cerebral
   artery infarction diagnosed clinically and by computed tomography. Twenty-seven
   patients entered the study within 48 hours after onset of symptoms and randomly
   received either nimodipine (2 mg/hr constant intravenous infusion for 5 days, 120
   mg/day orally for another 16 days) or placebo. Four of the 27 patients died within the
   first 3 weeks and could not be evaluated. Of the remaining 23 patients, 11 were
   assigned to the nimodipine group and 12 to a control group. We analyzed data from
   positron emission tomography, performed twice before and after completion of
   therapy, and clinical data from the treatment period and the next 6 months based on
   the Mathew Score for early assessment and the Barthel Index for late assessment.
   During the post- treatment period, two patients from the nimodipine group and three
   from the control group died. The evaluated patients were comparable for age and sex
   distribution, initial clinical deficit, and infarct size and localization. We found
   significant metabolic changes between both treatment groups
Keywords:                              ACIDOSIS/BLOOD-FLOW/CEREBRAL-ARTERY
   OCCLUSION/HEART/INFARCTION/METABOLISM/NIMODIPINE/PH/RAT-B
   RAIN/STROKE/TOMOGRAPHY
Massey, E.W., Biller, J., Davis, J.N., Adams, H.P., Marler, J.R., Goldstein, L.B.,
   Alberts, M. and Bruno, A. (1990), Large-Dose Infusions of Heparinoid Org-10172 in
   Ischemic Stroke. Stroke, 21 (9), 1289-1292
Keywords: HEART/SEP/STROKE
Bishop, D.S. and Evans, R.L. (1990), Family Functioning Assessment Techniques in
   Stroke. Stroke, 21 (9), 50-51
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Hewer, R.L. (1990), Outcome Measures in Stroke - A British View. Stroke, 21 (9),
   52-55
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Lindsberg, P.J., Yue, T.L., Frerichs, K.U., Hallenbeck, J.M. and Feuerstein, G. (1990),
   Evidence for Platelet-Activating Factor As A Novel Mediator in Experimental Stroke
   in Rabbits. Stroke, 21 (10), 1452-1457
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Limburg, M., Vanroyen, E.A., Hijdra, A., Debruine, J.F. and Verbeeten, B.W.J. (1990),
   Single-Photon Emission Computed-Tomography and Early Death in Acute Ischemic
   Stroke. Stroke, 21 (8), 1150-1155
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Loewen, S.C. and Anderson, B.A. (1990), Predictors of Stroke Outcome Using
   Objective Measurement Scales. Stroke, 21 (1), 78-81
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Bielenberg, G.W. and Burkhardt, M. (1990), 5-Hydroxytryptamine1A Agonists - A
   New Therapeutic Principle for Stroke Treatment. Stroke, 21 (12), 161-163.
Abstract: We conducted the present study to investigate the effects of 5-
   hydroxytryptamine agonists on brain morphology after the induction of focal
   cerebral ischemia by permanent occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery in rats
   and mice. Forty-eight hours after vessel occlusion, the damage was quantified in rats
   by planimetry and subsequent integration on cresyl violet- stained serial sections and
   in mice by planimetric analysis of the damaged cortical surface after counterstaining
   with carbon black. All 5-HT(1A) agonists investigated substantially decreased
   cortical infarct size in the rat focal ischemia model (p < 0.05). Drugs were applied 30
   minutes before the induction of ischemia, and efficacy was demonstrated for
   8-OH-DPAT (1 mg/kg s.c.), buspirone (10 mg/kg i.p.), gepirone (10 mg/kg i.p.),
   ipsapiron (10 or 30 mg/kg i.p.), and Bay R 1531 (1 mg/kg i.p.). The most pronounced
   effects were seen with the higher dose of ipsapirone and Bay R 1531, both
   compounds reducing cortical infarct size by more than 60%. Except for 8-OH-DPAT,
   the 5-HT(1A) agonists also caused a reduction in total infarct volumes. In a separate
   series, ipsapiron (30 mg/kg i.p.), applied 1 hour after vessel occlusion, led to a
   reduction in cortical and total infarct volumes by about 50% compared with
   corresponding controls (p < 0.05). In neither series was striatal damage influenced.
   We tested the compounds in the mouse ischemia model over a broad dose range.
   Treatment with 8-OH-DPAT (1, 3, or 10 mg/kg s.c.), buspirone (30 mg/kg i.p.),
   gepirone (10 mg/kg i.p.), or ipsapirone (10 or 30 mg/kg i.p.) 15 minutes before
   occlusion significantly (p < 0.05) reduced the area of cortical tissue damage. Our
   results provide evidence for neuroprotectant properties of 5-HT(1A) agonists in two
   rodent stroke models. As exemplified for ipsapirone, preischemic and postischemic
   drug application attenuates infarct development after middle cerebral artery
   occlusion. These data add 5-HT(1A) agonists to current approaches to stroke therapy
Keywords:                                                                    CEREBRAL
   INFARCTION/CEREBRAL-ISCHEMIA/HEART/MODULATION/NEOCORTICA
   L NEURONS/NEUROPROTECTION/RAT/SEROTONIN/STROKE
Hershey, L.A. (1990), Dementia Associated with Stroke. Stroke, 21 (9), 9-11
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Bevan, H., Sharma, K. and Bradley, W. (1990), Stroke in Young-Adults. Stroke, 21 (3),
   382-386
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Koller, M., Haenny, P., Hess, K., Weniger, D. and Zangger, P. (1990), Adjusted
   Hypervolemic Hemodilution in Acute Ischemic Stroke. Stroke, 21 (10), 1429-1434
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Kushner, M.J. (1990), Prospective-Study of Anticardiolipin Antibodies in Stroke.
   Stroke, 21 (2), 295-298
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Bednar, M.M., Mcauliffe, T., Raymond, S. and Gross, C.E. (1990), Tissue
   Plasminogen-Activator Reduces Brain Injury in A Rabbit Model of Thromboembolic
   Stroke. Stroke, 21 (12), 1705-1709.
Abstract: Tissue plasminogen activator is an endogenous fibrin-specific serine protease
   with potent thrombolytic activity. We investigated the efficacy of tissue plasminogen
   activator in reducing cerebral infarct size after thromboembolic stroke in a rabbit
   model. Seventeen rabbits were randomized to receive either tissue plasminogen
   activator (2.5 mg/kg, n = 6) or vehicle control (n = 11). We controlled mean arterial
   pressure, hematocrit, and arterial blood gases before and after the intracarotid
   embolization of an autologous clot. Cerebral blood flow (cm3/100 g/min)
   (mean+/-SEM) was immediately reduced from 55.2+/-7.7 to 8.5+/-2.5 in the control
   group and from 61.8+/-14.8 to 10.0+/-3.5 in the treated group after embolization.
   Cerebral blood flow recovered significantly within 60 minutes of thrombolytic
   therapy and attained a value of 59.6+/-10.0 cm3/100 g/min 4 hours after
   embolization, whereas cerebral blood flow in control animals demonstrated only a
   minimal recovery to 15.3+/-8.9 cm3/100 g/min. Cerebral infarct size (percent of
   hemisphere) was reduced from 34.4+/- 5.6% in control animals to 8.8+/-5.6% in
   treated animals (mean+/-SEM,p < 0.01). These results suggest that tissue
   plasminogen activator may be efficacious in restoring cerebral blood flow and thus
   limiting infarct size in acute thromboembolic stroke
Keywords:               CEREBRAL                BLOOD               FLOW/CEREBRAL
   BLOOD-FLOW/CLEARANCE/EDEMA/EMBOLIC
   STROKE/HEART/HEMORRHAGIC INFARCTION/ISCHEMIA/MYOCARDIAL-
   INFARCTION/PLASMINOGEN
   ACTIVATOR/QUANTIFICATION/RABBITS/STROKE/THERAPY/THROMBOL
   YSIS/TISSUE-TYPE
Tatemichi, T.K., Foulkes, M.A., Mohr, J.P., Hewitt, J.R., Hier, D.B., Price, T.R. and
   Wolf, P.A. (1990), Dementia in Stroke Survivors in the Stroke-Data-Bank Cohort -
   Prevalence, Incidence, Risk-Factors, and Computed Tomographic Findings. Stroke,
   21 (6), 858-866
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Blizard, D.A., Challa, V.R., Iskandar, S.S., Eltamawy, M.S. and Adams, N. (1990),
   Modification of Stroke Susceptibility by Genotype-Dependent Maternal Influences.
   Stroke, 21 (11), 134-137
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Hijdra, A., Verbeeten, B. and Verhulst, J.A.P.M. (1990), Relation of Leukoaraiosis to
   Lesion Type in Stroke Patients. Stroke , 21 (6), 890-894
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Lowenthal, A. (1990), European Stroke Prevention Study. Stroke, 21 (8), 1122-1130
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Keith, R.A. (1990), Status of Measurement in Stroke Rehabilitation Outcomes. Stroke,
   21 (9), 30-31
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Struck, L.K., Rodnitzky, R.L. and Dobson, J.K. (1990), Stroke and Its Modification in
   Parkinsons-Disease. Stroke, 21 (10), 1395-1399
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Biller, J., Love, B.B., Marsh, E.E., Jones, M.P., Knepper, L.E., Jiang, D., Adams, H.P.
   and Gordon, D.L. (1990), Spontaneous Improvement After Acute Ischemic Stroke -
   A Pilot- Study. Stroke, 21 (7), 1008-1012
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Mcbride, R. (1990), Design of A Multicenter Randomized Trial for the Stroke
   Prevention in Atrial-Fibrillation Study. Stroke, 21 (4), 538-545
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Harmsen, P., Rosengren, A., Tsipogianni, A. and Wilhelmsen, L. (1990), Risk-Factors
   for Stroke in Middle-Aged Men in Goteborg, Sweden. Stroke, 21 (2), 223-229
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Jongbloed, L. (1990), Problems of Methodological Heterogeneity in Studies Predicting
   Disability After Stroke. Stroke, 21 (9), 32-34
Keywords: BRITISH/HEART/STROKE
Yasaka, M., Yamaguchi, T., Miyashita, T. and Tsuchiya, T. (1990), Regression of
   Intracardiac Thrombus After Embolic Stroke. Stroke, 21 (11), 1540-1544
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Hart, R.G., Foster, J.W., Luther, M.F. and Kanter, M.C. (1990), Stroke in Infective
   Endocarditis. Stroke, 21 (5), 695-700
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Lenz, P., Luckhaus, G., Stasch, J.P. and Kazda, S. (1990), Therapy of Diseased
   Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats with Nimodipine. Stroke, 21 (12),
   111-112.
Abstract: We investigated the therapeutic effect of nimodipine or parathyroidectomy in
   old, diseased stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats by observing 98 male
   1-year-old rats over 5 months. After stroke had occurred, the rats were divided into
   three groups: 1) parathyoidectomy, 2) nimodipine, and 3) controls. In the nimodipine
   group, the rats survived longer than those in the other groups. Blood pressure of the
   controls did not differ from the nimodipine-treated and parathyroidectomy animals.
   The increase in calcium content of brain and kidney tissues and of plasma renin
   activity, urea, and creatinine was attenuated by nimodipine or parathyroidectomy.
   The histology of the kidneys revealed widespread fibrinoid necrosis of arteries in all
   rats. In the nimodipine-treated or parathyroidectomy groups, healing of the lesions
   was detectable. Cerebral lesions were mainly characterized by fibrinoid necrosis.
   Nimodipine-treated as well as parathyroidectomied animals showed significantly
   fewer hypertensive cerebral lesions. In old, diseased stroke-prone spontaneously
   hypertensive rats, therapy with nimodipine or parathyroidectomy increased their
   survival rate. The cerebrovascular and renovascular lesions of treated animals were
   attenuated, and morphologic signs of healing were observed. Reduction of calcium
   overload by nimodipine or parathyroidectomy, even in an advanced stage of disease,
   had a therapeutic effect
Keywords: HEART/HYPERTENSION/NIMODIPINE/STROKE
Kitagawa, Y., Gotoh, F., Koto, A. and Okayasu, H. (1990), Stroke in Systemic
   Lupus-Erythematosus. Stroke, 21 (11), 1533-1539
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Kellyhayes, M. (1990), Time Intervals, Survival, and Destination - 3 Crucial Variables
   in Stroke Outcome Research. Stroke, 21 (9), 24-26
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Kohler, J., Kasper, J., Witt, I. and Vonreutern, G.M. (1990), Ischemic Stroke Due to
   Protein-C Deficiency. Stroke, 21 (7), 1077-1080
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Yao, H., Sadoshima, S., Kuwabara, Y., Ichiya, Y. and Fujishima, M. (1990), Cerebral
   Blood-Flow and Oxygen-Metabolism in Patients with Vascular Dementia of the
   Binswanger Type. Stroke, 21 (12), 1694-1699.
Abstract: We performed clinical and neuroradiologic studies, including positron
   emission tomography, in five patients with vascular dementia of the Binswanger type.
   The clinical features of those cases consisted of slowly progressive dementia,
   together with vascular risk factors such as hypertension and often a history of minor
   stroke, and characteristic white matter lesions on brain computed tomograms or
   magnetic resonance images. Digital subtraction angiography of the cervical and
   intracranial arteries demonstrated no occlusive lesion in any patient. Both cerebral
   blood flow and the cerebral metabolic rate for oxygen were decreased in the parietal
   (73% of control), frontal (74-80%), and temporal (74-83%) cortices, where no
   abnormalities were detected by brain computed tomography or magnetic resonance
   imaging. We conclude that vascular dementia of the Binswanger type may be caused
   by disconnection between the cerebral cortex and subcortical structures due to
   ischemic damage in the white matter
Keywords: BRAIN/CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOW/CORTICAL ARTERIOSCLEROTIC
   ENCEPHALOPATHY/DEMENTIA/DISEASE/EMISSION                               COMPUTED-
   TOMOGRAPHY/HEART/LEUKOENCEPHALOPATHY/METABOLISM/O-15/S
   TROKE
Tagami, M., Nara, Y., Kubota, A., Fujino, H. and Yamori, Y. (1990),
   Ultrastructural-Changes in Cerebral Pericytes and Astrocytes of Stroke-Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Stroke, 21 (7), 1064-1071
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Hermsmeyer, K., Hatton, D.A., Karanja, N. and Mccarron, D. (1990), Effects of Dietary
   Calcium on Nimodipine-Sensitive Calcium- Channel Function in Stroke-Prone
   Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Stroke, 21 (12), 98-101.
Abstract: We studied the effects of dietary Ca2+ on blood pressure, survival, and
   calcium channel function to investigate cardiovascular disease mechanisms in
   stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. Beginning at 3 weeks of age, rats were
   fed high sodium chloride diets (8.0%) in combination with either high (2.0%) or low
   (0.2%) Ca2+ group diets for 8 weeks. At 12 weeks of age, survival was 90% in the
   high Ca2+ group and 30% in the low Ca2+ group. The higher blood pressure and
   lower survival in the low Ca2+ group suggest an intensification of altered vascular
   muscle cell mechanisms by a dietary Ca2+ deficit. Nimodipine (1-10 nM) effectively
   blocked L-type Ca2+ currents in isolated vascular muscle cells from both groups.
   Contraction of isolated cells that were not patch clamped to high potassium solutions
   were also blocked by 1 nM nimodipine. Disappearance of the L-type Ca2+ channel
   current was accelerated by holding at depolarizing potentials (positive to -50 mV)
   and by depolarizing steps to 0 mV. Nimodipine block of the L-type Ca2+ currents in
   vascular muscle is believed to contribute substantially to antihypertensive properties
   and stroke prevention, actions that may develop fully only in stroke-prone
   spontaneously hypertensive rats on a diet of at least normal Ca2+
Keywords: CALCIUM/CALCIUM CHANNELS/HEART/HYPERTENSION/STROKE
Lyden, P.D., Madden, K.P., Clark, W.M., Sasse, K.C. and Zivin, J.A. (1990), Incidence
   of Cerebral-Hemorrhage After Antifibrinolytic Treatment for Embolic Stroke in
   Rabbits. Stroke, 21 (11), 1589-1593
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Kinkel, W.R. (1990), Classification of Stroke by Neuroimaging Technique. Stroke, 21
   (9), 7-8
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Wooddauphinee, S.L., Williams, P.T.J.I. and Shapiro, S.H. (1990), Examining Outcome
   Measures in A Clinical-Study of Stroke. Stroke, 21 (5), 731-739
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Kojima, S., Omura, T., Wakamatsu, W., Kishi, M., Yamazaki, T., Iida, M. and Komachi,
   Y. (1990), Prognosis and Disability of Stroke Patients After 5 Years in Akita, Japan.
   Stroke, 21 (1), 72-77
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
May, E.F. and Jabbari, B. (1990), Stroke in Neuroborreliosis. Stroke, 21 (8), 1232-1235
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Lampl, Y., Paniri, Y., Eshel, Y. and Sarovapinhas, I. (1990), Cerebrospinal-Fluid
   Lactate-Dehydrogenase Levels in Early Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attacks.
   Stroke, 21 (6), 854-857
Keywords: HEART/STROKE
Steed, D.L., Peitzman, A.B., Grundy, B.L. and Webster, M.W. (1982), Causes of Stroke
   in Carotid Endarterectomy. Surgery, 92 (4), 634-641
Schuler, J.J., Flanigan, D.P., Lim, L.T., Keifer, T., Williams, L.R. and Behrend, A.J.
   (1982), The Effect of Carotid Siphon Stenosis on Stroke Rate, Death, and Relief of
   Symptoms Following Elective Carotid Endarterectomy. Surgery, 92 (6), 1058-1067
Jernigan, W.R., Fulton, R.L., Hamman, J.L., Miller, F.B. and Mani, S.S. (1984), The
   Efficacy of Routine Completion Operative Angiography in Reducing the Incidence
   of Perioperative Stroke Associated with Carotid Endarterectomy. Surgery, 96 (5),
   831-838
Knox, J.B., Everson, C.T., Pellom, G.L., Hamm, D.P., Morris, J.J. and Wechsler, A.S.
   (1984), Right and Left-Ventricular Responses to Isoproterenol and Dopamine
   Assessed by Stroke Work-End Diastolic Dimension Analysis. Surgical Forum, 35
   353-356
Tranmer, B.I., Gross, C.E., Kindt, G.W. and Adey, G.R. (1985), Effect of Pulsatile Vs
   Nonpulsatile Blood-Flow in the Treatment of Ischemic Stroke. Surgical Forum, 36
   483-485
Yonekura, M., Austin, G., Poll, N. and Hayward, W. (1981), Evaluation of Cerebral
   Blood-Flow in Patients with Transient Ischemic Attacks and Minor Stroke. Surgical
   Neurology, 15 (1), 58-65
Yonekura, M., Austin, G. and Hayward, W. (1982), Long-Term Evaluation of Cerebral
   Blood-Flow, Transient Ischemic Attacks, and Stroke After Sta-Mca Anastomosis.
   Surgical Neurology, 18 (2), 123-130
Hirsh, L.F. (1982), Vasculitis, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura, and Stroke
   After Aneurysm Surgery. Surgical Neurology, 17 (6), 426-428
Chang, C.N. and Defai, H. (1985), Stroke-In-Evolution - An Indication for An
   Emergency Extracranial Intracranial Bypass. Surgical Neurology, 23 (4), 443-446
Takeshita, M., Kagawa, M., Izawa, M. and Kitamura, K. (1986), Hemorrhagic Stroke in
   Infancy, Childhood, and Adolescence. Surgical Neurology, 26 (5), 496-500
Kapp, J.P., Smith, R.R., Peeler, D.F., Morrow, S. and Smith, E.S. (1988), Isovolemic
   Hemodilution in Stroke - A Study in Gerbils. Surgical Neurology, 29 (3), 191-193
Lee, K.S. and Davis, C.H. (1989), Stroke, Myocardial-Infarction, and Survival During
   Long-Term Follow-Up After Carotid Endarterectomy. Surgical Neurology, 31 (2),
   113-119
Brenowitz, G. and Yonas, H. (1990), Selective Occlusion of Blood-Supply to the
   Anterior Perforated Substance of the Dog - A Highly Reproducible Stroke Model.
   Surgical Neurology, 33 (4), 247-252
Perepech, N.B. and Nedoshivin, A.O. (1986), Change in the Stroke Volume in
   Ventricular Extrasystoles. Terapevticheskii Arkhiv, 58 (11), 83-86
Oganov, R.G., Zhukovsky, G.S., Fedin, A.I., Varlamova, T.A., Migirov, A.A., Surkov,
   E.P. and Sidorov, A.M. (1989), Brain Stroke Morbidity and Mortality Among the
   Population of Moscow. Terapevticheskii Arkhiv, 61 (9), 29-32
Goloshchapov, O.A., Goldabin, V.I., Geller, A.L. and Mashin, A.A. (1990),
   Hemodynamic-Responses to the Calcium-Antagonists Verapamil and Nifedipine in
   Patients Suffering from Essential-Hypertension. Terapevticheskii Arkhiv, 62 (10),
   149-152.
Abstract: As many as 98 patients suffering from essential hypertension (EH) were
   examined for the effects of verapamil and nifedipine. The hemodynamics and heart
   contractility were estimated by means of echocardiography on an "Aloka D-280"
   outfit (Japan). The following parameters of the cardio- and hemodynamics were
   computed: the stroke and minute blood volumes, cardiac index, mean velocity of
   ventricular evacuation, performance of the left heart, energy consumption by the
   myocardium, arterial pressure (systolic, diastolic and mean), total peripheral vascular
   resistance, ejection fraction, and the rate of circulatory shortening of myocardial
   fibers. Analysis of the effects of verapamil and nifedipine on the cardio- and
   hemodynamics in EH patients has demonstrated that in addition to their
   unidirectional action manifested by a steady hypotensive effect, the drugs under
   consideration produced an action of different directions as regards certain essential
   parameters in a considerable number of the patients
Okies, J.E., Page, U.S., Bigelow, J.C., Krause, A.H., Salomon, N.W. and Laxer, K.L.
   (1986), The Impact of Electroencephalography, Pressure, and Po2 Monitoring on the
   Risk of Stroke During Cardiopulmonary Bypass. Texas Heart Institute Journal, 13
   (1), 97-104
Hart, R.G. and Sherman, D.G. (1987), Stroke and the Total Artificial-Heart -
   Neurologic Considerations. Texas Heart Institute Journal, 14 (1), 63-71
Saleem, S. and Saleem, A. (1981), Thromboembolism in Stroke Patients. Texas
   Medicine, 77 (5), 55-56
Oxford, S., Redford, D.S. and Albin, M.S. (1982), Unsuspected Foreign Object in
   Hypopharynx Following Stroke. Texas Medicine , 78 (9), 46-47
Vanderlinde, F. (1981), Risk-Factors for Stroke and Implications for Prevention.
   Therapeutische Umschau, 38 (8), 709-716
Zinn, W.M. (1981), Possibilities and Limitations of Rehabilitation Measures in Stroke
   Patients - Financial Consequences. Therapeutische Umschau, 38 (8), 776-790
Chappuis, C. (1987), Rehabilitation for Stroke. Therapeutische Umschau, 44 (3),
   245-250
Hamann, H. (1988), Carotid Endarterectomy - Prevention of Stroke in Asymptomatic
   (Stage-I) and Symptomatic (Stage-Ii) Patients. Thoracic and Cardiovascular
   Surgeon, 36 (5), 272-275
Marx, P. (1989), The Value of Diagnostic Procedures in Treating Ischemic Attacks and
   Stroke. Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon, 37 (4), 253-258
Mulley, G.P., Heptinstall, S., Taylor, P.M. and Mitchell, J.R.A. (1983), Adp-Induced
   Platelet-Release Reaction in Acute Stroke. Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 50 (2),
   524-526
Matsuo, T., Shinomiya, K., Okuno, S., Matsuo, C. and Matsuo, O. (1984),
   Urinary-Excretion Rate of Antithrombin-Iii Related Antigen in Cerebral Stroke.
   Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 52 (3), 305-307
Umegaki, K., Inoue, Y. and Tomita, T. (1985), The Appearance of Exhausted Platelets
   at the Time of Stroke in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Thrombosis
   and Haemostasis, 54 (4), 764-767
Tomita, T., Umegaki, K. and Hayashi, E. (1985), The Appearance of Exhausted
   Platelets Due to A Duration of Hypertension in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously
   Hypertensive Rats. Thrombosis Research, 37 (1), 195-200
Umegaki, K., Ikeda, M. and Tomita, T. (1986), Defective Calcium-Transport in
   Platelets from Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Thrombosis Research,
   41 (3), 415-423
Lee, T.K., Chen, Y.C. and Kuo, T.L. (1987), Comparison of the Effect of
   Acetylsalicylic-Acid on Platelet- Function in Male and Female-Patients with
   Ischemic Stroke. Thrombosis Research, 47 (3), 295-304
Ikeda, M., Umegaki, K., Takeshita, N., Mitsubori, M., Tomita, T. and Tomita, I. (1989),
   Congenital Changes of Platelet Functions in Stroke-Prone Shr- Aggregability of
   Gel-Filtered Platelets, Prp and Whole-Blood, and Effects of Hypotensive Treatment.
   Thrombosis Research, 56 (3), 441-452
Ho, C.H., Hu, H.H. and Wong, W.J. (1989), The Serial Hemostasis-Related Changes in
   Patients with Cerebral Infarction - Comparison Between Progressing and
   Non-Progressing Stroke. Thrombosis Research, 56 (5), 635-647
Takano, K., Yamaguchi, T., Okada, Y., Uchida, K., Kisiel, W. and Kato, H. (1990),
   Hypercoagulability in Acute Ischemic Stroke - Analysis of the Extrinsic Coagulation
   Reactions in Plasma by A Highly Sensitive Automated-Method. Thrombosis
   Research, 58 (5), 481-491
Lowenthal, A. (1990), Secondary Prevention of Myocardial-Infarction in the 1St
   European Stroke Prevention Study. Thrombosis Research, 59-63.
Abstract: The first European Stroke Prevention Study (ESPS 1) showed that a
   statistically significant degree of secondary ischemic lesions could be prevented by
   combined therapy with aspirin (330 mg) and dipyridamole (75 mg) t.i.d. The risk of
   both central and myocardial secondary ischemic lesions was reduced by more than
   30%. Similar results were seen after both transient ischemic attacks and stroke, and
   in both men and women
Keywords:                          ASPIRIN/DIPYRIDAMOLE/ESPS-1/MYOCARDIAL
   INFARCTION/SECONDARY PREVENTION/STROKE
Mojica, J.A.P., Nakamura, R., Kobayashi, T., Handa, T., Morohashi, I. and Watanabe, S.
   (1988), Effect of Ankle-Foot Orthosis (Afo) on Body Sway and Walking Capacity of
   Hemiparetic Stroke Patients. Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine, 156 (4),
   395-401
Nakamura, R., Handa, T., Watanabe, S. and Morohashi, I. (1988), Walking Cycle After
   Stroke. Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine, 154 (3), 241-244
Nakamura, R., Hosokawa, T., Yamada, Y. and Mojica, J.A.P. (1988), Application of
   Computer-Assisted Gait Training (Cagt) Program for Hemiparetic Stroke Patients -
   A Preliminary-Report. Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine, 156 (2), 101-107
Nakamura, R., Watanabe, S., Handa, T. and Morohashi, I. (1988), The Relationship
   Between Walking Speed and Muscle Strength for Knee Extension in Hemiparetic
   Stroke Patients - A Follow-Up- Study. Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine,
   154 (2), 111-113
Sato, Y., Nakatsuka, H., Watanabe, T., Hisamichi, S., Shimizu, H., Fujisaku, S.,
   Ichinowatari, Y., Ida, Y., Suda, S., Kato, K. and Ikeda, M. (1989), Possible
   Contribution of Green Tea Drinking Habits to the Prevention of Stroke. Tohoku
   Journal of Experimental Medicine, 157 (4), 337-343
Nakamura, R. and Fujita, M. (1990), Effect of Thyrotropin-Releasing-Hormone (Trh)
   on Motor- Performance of Hemiparetic Stroke Patients. Tohoku Journal of
   Experimental Medicine, 160 (2), 141-143
Keywords: JAPAN/MEDICINE
Nagasawa, H., Kogure, K., Kawashima, K., Ido, T., Itoh, M. and Hatazawa, J. (1990),
   Effects of Co-Dergocrine Mesylate (Hydergine) in Multiinfarct Dementia As
   Evaluated by Positron Emission Tomography. Tohoku Journal of Experimental
   Medicine, 162 (3), 225-233.
Abstract: Three female patients aged from 74 to 79 with multiinfarct dementia were
   studied using positron emission tomography (PET) to assess the effect of
   co-dergocrine mesylate (Hydergine(R)) on cerebral glucose metabolism. The
   cerebral glucose utilization (CMRGlc) of each patient was evaluated by PET scan
   using 2-deoxy-[F-18]-2-fluoro-D-glucose (FDG). Following the first PET study, 0.04
   mg/kg of co-dergocrine mesylate was injected intravenously with 250 ml saline
   solution, and then the second PET study was performed. The CMRGlc was
   determined from the images of the PET scan and the radioactivity of F-18 in the
   plasma. After the administration of co-dergocrine mesylate, the value of CMRGlc
   increased significantly in the cerebral cortex (p < 0.01 and p < 0.05) and basal
   ganglia (p < 0.05) compared with values before the administration, but no significant
   increase was found in the centrum semiovale. These results suggest that
   co-dergocrine mesylate stimulates glucose metabolism of neurons in the human brain
Keywords:                BLOOD-FLOW/BRAIN/CEREBRAL                           GLUCOSE
   METABOLISM/CEREBRAL                  GLUCOSE-UTILIZATION/CO-DERGOCRINE
   MESYLATE/DEMENTIA/DEOXYGLUCOSE/ISCHEMIA/JAPAN/MEDICINE/M
   ETABOLIC-RATE/PET/POSITRON                  EMISSION           TOMOGRAPHY/RAT
   HIPPOCAMPUS/SENILE DEMENTIA/STROKE/VALIDATION
Suzuki, K., Nakamura, R., Yamada, Y. and Handa, T. (1990), Determinants of
   Maximum Walking Speed in Hemiparetic Stroke Patients. Tohoku Journal of
   Experimental Medicine, 162 (4), 337-344.
Abstract: The time necessary to walk 10 m with the fastest speed, the sway path of the
   center of feet pressure in station, and the isokinetic strength for knee extension of
   each side were examined in 29 hemiparetic stroke patients. The maximum walking
   speed of the patients was related to the sway path and the isokinetic muscle strength
   of affected side. The patients could be divided into two groups based on their sway
   path. The determinants of the maximum walking speed in the unstable group were
   the sway path and the isokenitic muscle strength of the both sides, whereas that in the
   stable group was only the isokinetic muscle strength of affected side
Keywords: CAPACITY/JAPAN/MEDICINE/MUSCLE STRENGTH
Adams, Z., Gattullo, D., Losano, G., Marsh, N.A., Vacca, G. and Whaler, B.C. (1981),
   The Effect of Bitis-Gabonica (Gaboon Viper) Snake-Venom on Blood-Pressure,
   Stroke Volume and Coronary Circulation in the Dog. Toxicon, 19 (2), 263-270
Gobes, L. (1981), Stroke Strategy with Couples. Transactional Analysis Journal, 11 (4),
   312
Champeau, T. (1983), Transactional-Analysis in Stroke Rehabilitation. Transactional
   Analysis Journal, 13 (1), 50-54
Hunt, D. and Kuekes, E.G. (1984), Stroke Lattice. Transactional Analysis Journal, 14
   (1), 72-73
Meredith, K. (1986), Stroke-O-Graph - the Psychological Diet Chart. Transactional
   Analysis Journal, 16 (3), 161-164
Ingram, R. (1986), The Game of Arse - (Antagonize, Reconcile, Stroke). Transactional
   Analysis Journal, 16 (2), 128-131
Igo, S.R., Turner, S.A., Fuqua, J.M., Mcgee, M.G., Chambers, J.A., Clay, W.C. and
   Norman, J.C. (1981), Control-System Evaluations of the Thi Gould Lvas - Pump
   Rate and Stroke Volume Responsiveness During Exercise in the Unanesthetized Calf.
   Transactions American Society for Artificial Internal Organs, 27 454-460
Mazurek, M.F. and Norris, J.W. (1981), Inappropriate Anti-Diuresis and the
   Deteriorating Stroke. Transactions of the American Neurological Association, 106
   346-348
Jones, H.R., Caplan, L.R., Come, P.C., Swinton, N.W. and Breslin, D.J. (1981),
   Paradoxical Cerebral Emboli - An Occult Cause of Stroke. Transactions of the
   American Neurological Association, 106 358-361
Breuer, A.C., Franco, I., Marzewski, D. and Sotovelasco, J. (1981), Left-Ventricular
   Thrombi Seen by Ventriculography Are A Significant Risk Factor for Stroke in
   Open-Heart Surgery. Transactions of the American Neurological Association, 106
   345-346
Coppock, G.E., Churchill, D.B. and Hedden, S.L. (1985), Shaker Stroke Affects
   Selective Removal of Valencia Oranges. Transactions of the Asae, 28 (4), 1094-1096
Wang, G., Reader, J., Hynd, J. and Pepper, J. (1990), Improved Heart and Lung
   Preservation in A Rat Model. Transplant International, 3 (4), 206-211.
Abstract: We investigated the efficacy of four different preservation solutions in a
   heart-lung model in the rat. The heart and lungs of the donor were perfused under
   standardised conditions of temperature, pressure and flow. We studied 4 groups:
   group 1 received Stanford solution to heart and lung; group 2 received St. Thomas'
   solution to heart and Papworth solution to lung; group 3 received University of
   Wisconsin solution to heart and lung; and group 4 received University of Wisconsin
   solution to heart and Papworth solution to lung. Lung function assessed by arterial
   pO2 at a standardised F1O2 was significantly better in groups 2 and 4 than in other
   groups. However, cardiac function as assessed by cardiac output, stroke work index
   and minute work index was significantly better in group 4 than in any other group.
   Overall, the combination of solutions in group 4 provided the most effective
   preservation in this model
Keywords: HEART-LUNG/IN HEART-LUNG PRESERVATION/IN HEART-LUNG
   PRESERVATION              PAPWORTH             SOLUTION/IN          HEART-LUNG
   PRESERVATION            UW       SOLUTION/NEW-YORK/PRESERVATION/RAT
   HEART-LUNG PRESERVATION ST THOMAS SOLUTION
Naeser, M.A. (1982), Language-Behavior in Stroke Patients - Cortical V Sub-Cortical
   Lesion Sites on Ct Scans. Trends in Neurosciences, 5 (2), 53-59
Begam, R.G. (1984), The Law of Outrage - A Stroke of Justice for the Insured. Trial, 20
   (8), 34-&
Jain, V.K. and Bist, R.P.S. (1981), A New Approach for Assessing the Cleanliness
   Characteristics of 2-Stroke Engine Oils. Tribology International, 14 (2), 95-99
Jain, V.K., Sethuramiah, A. and Ram, M. (1981), Further Investigation of Lubricating
   Ability of 2-Stroke Engine Oils. Tribology International, 14 (2), 91-94
Ram, M. and Sethuramiah, A. (1984), Study of the Lubrication Mechanism of 2-Stroke
   Engine Oils Using A Disk Machine. Tribology International, 17 (2), 73-81
Sivasankaran, G.A., Bisht, R.P.S., Jain, V.K., Gupta, M., Sethuramiah, A. and Bhatia,
   V.K. (1988), Jojoba-Oil-Based 2-Stroke Gasoline-Engine Lubricant. Tribology
   International, 21 (6), 327-333
Hodes, R.M. (1990), Takayasus Disease in An Ethiopian. Tropical and Geographical
   Medicine, 42 (4), 373-376.
Abstract: A 26-year-old Ethiopian woman with past history of stroke, presented with
   complaints of weakness, dyspnea on exertion, headache, and orthopnea. She had
   severe hypertension, asynchronous pulses, radial-femoral lag, cardiomegaly, and left
   ventricular hypertrophy. Blood studies were normal. Arteriogram in America showed
   aortic and mitral incompetence, bilateral subclavian occlusion distal to the origin of
   the vertebral arteries, with occluded hepatic and superior mesenteric arteries. The
   infrarenal abdominal aorta and common and external iliac arteries were occluded
   bilaterally. Renal arteries were normal. Takayasu's arteritis, inactive, was diagnosed.
   She underwent bilateral carotid-subclavian bypass, thromboendarterectomy of the
   abdominal aorta, and aorto-iliac bypass grafts. 3 years later she is greatly improved.
   This is the first report of Takayasu's arteritis from Ethiopia. International studies on
   the disease are summarized
Keywords:           AORTIC           ARCH             ARTERITIS/AORTIC              ARCH
   SYNDROME/ARTERITIS/DIAGNOSIS/ETHIOPIA/MEDICINE/NETHERLAND
   S/TAKAYASU ARTERITIS/TAKAYASU DISEASE
Bwala, S.A. (1989), Stroke in A Subsaharan Nigerian Hospital - A Retrospective Study.
   Tropical Doctor, 19 (1), 11-14
Brassel, F., Hendrickx, P., Roth, U., Frohlich, H. and Wagner, H.H. (1990), An
   Invivo-Like Phantom for Evaluating the Clinical Use of Duplex Scanning and
   Color-Coded Doppler Devices (Ccdd). Ultraschall in der Medizin, 11 (6), 290-294.
Abstract: To evaluate the accuracy and reliability of colour-coded Doppler devices
   (CCDD) for practical use, a circulatory phantom with in vivo characteristics was
   developed. The experimental design consists of a piston-diaphragm metering pump
   with an adjustable piston volume and frequency of stroke as well as silicone tubings
   with different elasticity and diameters comparable with cadaver arteries. Depending
   on physiological conditions, blood as a circulating fluid and the surrounding soft
   tissues of the artery near the Doppler probe should be employed. The transducer
   should be manually guided. Thus, comparable to physiological frequency spectral
   displays, different types of wave forms (e. g. monophasic, triphasic) were initiated to
   analyse the reliability of CCDDs for practical use
Keywords:                                                      ARTERY/BLOOD-FLOW
   MEASUREMENTS/CALIBRATION/CIRCULATORY
   PHANTOM/COLOR-CODED                  DOPPLER/DUPLEX              SCANNING/HUMAN
   CAROTID BIFURCATION/INVITRO MEASUREMENTS/PHANTOM FOR
   DOPPLER/PULSED                                   DOPPLER/SONOGRAPHY/STEADY
   FLOW/ULTRASOUND/VELOCITY
Croteau, F. (1982), The Marathon Mans Portrait of A Heat-Stroke Or Heat Exhaustion.
   Union Medicale du Canada, 111 (5), 413-416
Terent, A. and Andersson, B. (1981), The Prognosis for Patients with Cerebrovascular
   Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attacks. Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, 86 (1),
   63-74
Hamrin, E., Eklund, G., Hillgren, A.K., Borges, O., Hall, J. and Hellstrom, O. (1982),
   Muscle Strength and Balance in Post-Stroke Patients. Upsala Journal of Medical
   Sciences, 87 (1), 11-26
Grobe, T. and Raithel, D. (1983), Survival Rate and Stroke Incidence After Carotid
   Endarterectomy. Vasa-Journal of Vascular Diseases, 12 (2), 139-144
Kessler, C., Reuther, R. and Henningsen, H. (1984), Scintigraphic Dual Isotope
   Evaluation of the Carotid Arteries in Stroke Patients. Vasa-Journal of Vascular
   Diseases, 13 (4), 354-359
Steiner, T.J. (1988), Naftidrofuryl in the Treatment of Recent Stroke - Results of A
   Controlled Clinical-Trial. Vasa-Journal of Vascular Diseases, 44-47
Williams, R.W. (1982), Experience in the Diagnosis and Surgical-Management of
   Cerebral Stroke - A 12-Year Self-Performance Assessment. Vascular Surgery, 16 (3),
   148-171
Mordovtsev, V.N., Sergeev, A.S., Alieva, P.M. and Koshechkin, V.A. (1982),
   Association of Psoriasis with Hyperlipoproteinemias, Cerebral Stroke,
   Ischemic-Heart-Disease, and Diabetes-Mellitus. Vestnik Dermatologii I Venerologii,
   (9), 4-8
Chufarov, V.N. (1989), One-Step Determination of the Capacitance Blood-Flow in the
   Cervical Arteries and the Stroke Volume of the Heart. Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I I
   Grekova, 143 (9), 107-110
Edwards, W.C. and Kerr, L.A. (1982), Heat-Stroke in Feedlot Cattle. Veterinary
   Medicine & Small Animal Clinician, 77 (5), 805-806
Vanaarde, M.N., Littlejohn, A. and Vanderwalt, J.J. (1984), The Ratio of
   Cardiopulmonary Blood-Volume to Stroke Volume As An Index of
   Cardiac-Function in Horses. Veterinary Research Communications, 8 (4), 293-302
Ogata, J., Fujishima, M., Tamaki, K., Nakatomi, Y., Ishitsuka, T. and Omae, T. (1982),
   Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats As An Experimental-Model of
   Malignant Hypertension - A Pathological- Study. Virchows Archiv A-Pathological
   Anatomy and Histopathology, 394 (3), 185-194
Fujiwara, T., Kondo, M. and Tabei, R. (1990), Morphological-Changes in Cerebral
   Vascular Smooth-Muscle Cells in Stroke-Prone Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats
   (Shrsp) - A Scanning and Transmission Electron-Microscopic Study. Virchows
   Archiv B-Cell Pathology Including Molecular Pathology, 58 (5), 377-382
Keywords: ARCH
Diordiyenko, I.A., Morozov, V.V., Poshertnik, L.S. and Ponomaryov, V.A. (1984),
   Characterization of the Course of Stroke Associated with Craniocerebral Injury in the
   Elderly. Vrachebnoe Delo, (5), 94-95
Vinnitsky, A.R., Tsimeiko, O.A. and Vysotsky, N.S. (1984), Role of Extra-Intracranial
   Microanastomosis in the Rehabilitation of Patients with A History of Ischemic
   Stroke. Vrachebnoe Delo, (7), 64-67
Vinichuk, S.M. (1984), Types of Hemodynamic Disorders in the Acute Period of Stroke.
   Vrachebnoe Delo, (4), 37-41
Ishchenko, M.M., Dorogiy, A.N. and Shkrobot, S.I. (1984), Content of Lactic, Pyruvic
   Acids and Blood Lactatedehydrogenase Activity in Stroke. Vrachebnoe Delo, (1),
   86-89
Zinchenko, V.A. (1985), Cytochrome-C in the Treatment of Patients with Ischemic
   Stroke. Vrachebnoe Delo, (7), 83-84
Zinchenko, V.A., Palaguta, V.D. and Sitinsky, I.A. (1985), Nootropic Drugs in the
   Acute Period of Cerebral Stroke. Vrachebnoe Delo, (1), 85-86
Vinichuk, S.M. and Kalishchuk, T.N. (1986), Effect of Some Spasmolytic Agents on
   the Systemic and Cerebral Hemodynamics in Patients with Ischemic Stroke.
   Vrachebnoe Delo, (3), 12-16
Diordienko, I.A., Zlobina, V.I., Posherstnik, L.S. and Cherednichenko, V.I. (1986),
   Clinicoanatomical Parallels in Stroke in the Young. Vrachebnoe Delo, (1), 18-19
Vinichuk, S.M. (1986), Hemodynamic Disorders in Transient Circulatory Disorders,
   Ischemic Stroke and Approaches to Their Pharmacological Correction. Vrachebnoe
   Delo, (2), 37-41
Kharchenko, A.P., Dunayevskaya, S.G., Gaiduk, Y.S., Dengub, V.V., Vinichuk, S.M.
   and Tsymeiko, O.A. (1987), Neuropsychological and Electrophysiological Indexes
   Before and After Extra-Intracranial Anastomosis in Patients with Ischemic Stroke.
   Vrachebnoe Delo, (9), 31-34
Tsymeiko, O.A., Sosnov, Y.D., Kharchenko, A.P. and Gaiduk, Y.S. (1988), Use of
   Sermion in Patients with Cerebral Atherosclerosis and A History of Ischemic Stroke.
   Vrachebnoe Delo, (7), 24-27
Zinchenko, V.A., Lobzin, S.V., Dukhovsky, A.I. and Kalinichev, S.N. (1988),
   Difficulties in the Diagnosis of Cerebral Stroke. Vrachebnoe Delo, (5), 50-53
Shevaga, V.N. and Geviak, O.M. (1989), Provision with Vitamin-B6, Vitamin-Pp and
   Vitamin-C in Patients During the Acute Period of Ischemic Stroke. Vrachebnoe Delo,
   (3), 15-16
Vinichuk, S.M. and Vinichuk, I.S. (1989), Efficacy of Using Rheopolyglukin in the
   Complex Treatment of Patients with Ischemic Stroke. Vrachebnoe Delo, (11),
   54-57
Vinnitsky, A.R., Tsimeiko, O.A. and Dengub, V.V. (1989), A Study of the Mechanism
   of Speech Restoration After Revascularization Operations in Patients with Ischemic
   Stroke. Vrachebnoe Delo, (9), 24-26
Vinichuk, S.M. and Vinichuk, I.S. (1989), Types of Cerebral Circulatory Disorders in
   Ischemic Stroke. Vrachebnoe Delo, (6), 60-62
Chernenko, N.I., Vishnevskaya, T.M., Godyna, S.V., Leliukhina, E.V., Shutova, T.M.
   and Yevenko, A.N. (1990), Clinicobiochemical Indexes of the Blood in Patients with
   Cerebral Atherosclerosis and A History of Stroke. Vrachebnoe Delo, (11), 55-57
Keywords: RECOVERY
Vinichuk, S.M., Tsimeiko, O.A., Mirgorodsky, O.A. and Gaiduk, Y.S. (1990), State of
   the Hemodynamics Before and After Revascularization Operations in Patients with
   Ischemic Stroke. Vrachebnoe Delo, (10), 67-69.
Abstract: Patients with a history of cerebral infarction showed in the postischemic
   period a eukinetic and hypokinetic type of the systemic hemodynamics. Disorders of
   the cerebral circulation are mainly manifested in hypoperfusion of the cerebral blood
   vessels. Hypoperfusion of the brain tissue may be one of the hemodynamic
   indications to the operation of extraintracranial microanastomosis
Vinichuk, I.S. (1990), Relationship of Ischemic Stroke Risk-Factors and Indexes of
   Blood-Viscosity. Vrachebnoe Delo, (3), 57-59
Vinichuk, S.M. (1990), Age Aspects of the Hemodynamics in Patients with Ischemic
   Stroke. Vrachebnoe Delo, (11), 57-60.
Abstract: Analyzed are the age aspects of systemic and cerebral hemodynamics in 273
   patients with ischemic stroke. It was found that in young patients the eukinetic type
   was mainly associated with hypoperfusion of brain tissue while in the older age
   groups the hypokinetic type of hemodynamics prevailed and disorders of the cerebral
   blood circulation were manifested in hypo- and hyperperfusion of the brain tissue
Moore, S.L. (1981), Piston Ring Lubrication in A 2-Stroke Diesel-Engine. Wear, 72 (3),
    353-369
Zurrin, R. (1990), Variable Long-Stroke Form Honing - Possible Uses and Limits.
    Werkstattstechnik Zeitschrift fur Industrielle Fertigung, 80 (11), 619-624
Keywords: NEW-YORK
Leramo, O.B., Char, G., Coard, K. and Morgan, O.S. (1986), Spinal Stroke As A
    Presentation of Dissecting Aneurysm of the Aorta. West Indian Medical Journal, 35
    (3), 203-205
Chater, N. (1983), Results of Neurosurgical Microvascular Extra-Cranial Intracranial
    Bypass for Stroke - A Decade of Experience. Western Journal of Medicine, 138 (4),
    531-533
Becker, D.P., Verity, M.A., Povlishock, J. and Cheung, M. (1988), Brain Cellular Injury
    and Recovery - Horizons for Improving Medical Therapies in Stroke and Trauma.
    Western Journal of Medicine, 148 (6), 670-684
Weimann, S. (1981), Possibilities and Limitations of Surgical Therapy of Extra- Cranial
    Vascular Occlusion Causing Stroke. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift, 93 (12),
    381-388
Barolin, G.S. (1982), Guidelines to the Rehabilitation of Patients with Neurological
    Disorders, Especially Stroke. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift, 94 (1), 19-25
Zeiler, K., Auff, E. and Schnaberth, G. (1984), Cerebral-Angiography As Guide to
    Prognosis in Stroke in the Young. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift, 96 (15), 580-584
Wimmer, S., Auff, E., Holzner, F. and Zeiler, K. (1986), The Prognostic-Significance of
    Initial Loss of Consciousness in Patients Surviving An Acute Stroke. Wiener
    Klinische Wochenschrift, 98 (3), 74-78
Dalbianco, P., Zeiler, K., Baumgartner, C., Kollegger, H., Oder, W. and Deecke, L.
    (1989), Cigarette-Smoking - A Risk Factor for Stroke. Wiener Klinische
    Wochenschrift, 101 (20), 687-694
Baumgartner, C., Zeiler, K., Oder, W., Binder, H. and Deecke, L. (1989), Prognostic
    Factors for Survival and Stroke Occurrence in Patients with Transient Ischemic
    Attacks. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift, 101 (5), 160-166
Zenker, G., Bone, G., Kandlhofer, B., Forche, G. and Harnoncourt, K. (1984), The
    Importance of Echocardiography for Screening Examination in Patients with
    Ischemic Stroke. Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift, 134 (21), 475-477
Mourlevat, J. (1982), Long-Stroke Pump Boosts Heavy Oil-Recovery. World Oil, 195
    (6), 83-&
Hrastnik, F. (1988), Prevention of Stroke. Zdravstveni Vestnik, 57 (4), 127-129
Grad, A., Hrastnik, F. and Kiauta, T. (1989), Electrocardiographic Patterns in Ischemic
    Stroke Patients. Zdravstveni Vestnik , 58 (6-7), 213-215
Rudt, R. (1984), Listeria-Monocytogenes Meningoencephalitis As A Possible
    Differential-Diagnosis of Vascular Stroke. Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie, 17 (1), 45-47
Kruse, A. (1984), The Stroke Patients and His Family. Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie, 17
    (6), 359-366
Dieck, M. (1985), The Stroke - An Interdisciplinary Problem. Zeitschrift fur
    Gerontologie, 18 (3), 177-181
Meierbaumgartner, H.P. (1985), Aspects of the Clinical Rehabilitation of Stroke
    Patients. Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie, 18 (4), 236-240
Thomae, H., Boeger, A., Kruse, A., Schindler, S. and Wurzburger, I. (1985), Coping
    Patterns of Stroke Patients Related to Their Health Condition. Zeitschrift fur
    Gerontologie, 18 (4), 226-230
Illinger, H., Karl, F., Leutiger, H., Ostermann, K., Radebold, H., Schmidt, R.,
   Sprungostermann, B., Vonungernsternberg, A. and Weimann, G. (1985),
   Group-Specific Improvements in the Everyday Functions of Elderly Stroke Patients
   During the Rehabilitation Phase - Report from the Study Rehabilitation in Geriatrics
   - Analysis and Evaluation of Rehabilitation Procedures in Stroke Patients Over 60
   Years of Age with Regard to Epidemiological Aspectsh. Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie,
   18 (4), 231-235
Frolich, L., Nemeth, G. and Hoyer, S. (1987), International-Symposium Dementia and
   Stroke - Biology of the Aging Brain - Conference Report. Zeitschrift fur
   Gerontologie, 20 (6), 381-385
Braun, M. (1988), The Disturbance of Spatial-Analysis - A Key to Understanding
   Anosognosia After A Dextrocerebral Stroke. Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie, 21 (3),
   129-133
Zippel, C., Conradi, M.L. and Nichelmann, C. (1988), The Conceptional Basis of the
   Rehabilitation in Patients with Stroke. Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie, 21 (6), 334-338
Arnold, K. (1990), Cognitive and Activity-Oriented Processes in the Rehabilitation of
   Aged Stroke Patients. Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie, 23 (5), 275-283
Klepzig, H., Standke, R., Nickelsen, T., Maul, F.D., Hor, G. and Kaltenbach, M. (1984),
   Limitations of the Scintigraphically Determined Left- Ventricular Right Ventricular
   Stroke Count Ratio in Patients with Aortic Regurgitation. Zeitschrift fur Kardiologie,
   73 (6), 363-369
Klepzig, H., Standke, R., Maul, F.D., Hor, G. and Kaltenbach, M. (1986), Combined
   1St-Pass and Equilibrium Radionuclide Ventriculography for Noninvasive
   Quantification of Aortic and Or Mitral Regurgitation - Comparison with the Left
   Right Ventricular Stroke Count Ratio. Zeitschrift fur Kardiologie, 75 24-27
Heiss, W.D. (1987), Pathophysiological Rationale of Therapy in Ischemic Stroke.
   Zeitschrift fur Kardiologie, 76 87-98
Stangl, K., Wirtzfeld, A., Gobl, G., Heinze, R., Laule, M. and Hoekstein, K. (1987),
   Stroke Volume, Mixed Venous Oxygen-Saturation and Temperature As Dynamic
   Parameters for Rate Responsive Pacing. Zeitschrift fur Kardiologie, 76 (2), 110-117
Muhlberger, V., Moes, N. and Knapp, E. (1988), Reduction of Left-Ventricular Stroke
   Work After Revascularization of Significant Left Main Stenosis. Zeitschrift fur
   Kardiologie, 77 (10), 625-631
Dehner, R., Ikeda, K., Yamori, Y. and Grobecker, H. (1990), Adrenaline in
   Cardiovascular-Diseases - Effect of Beta- Adrenoceptor Antagonists. Zeitschrift fur
   Kardiologie, 79 79-88.
Abstract: By subcutaneous insertion of osmotic minipumps leading to continuous
   infusion of l-adrenaline, we were able to induce hypertension in normotensive
   Wistar-Kyoto strain (WKY) rats which was shown to be completely reversible by
   application of the non-selective beta-adrenoceptor antagonist carvedilol. No
   consistent effect of adrenaline on heart rate could be observed. At least in rat heart,
   adrenaline replaced the original neurotransmitter noradrenaline in amine storage sites,
   the sum of all catecholamines remaining unchanged. By comparing tissue
   concentrations of endogenous amines of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and
   stroke-prone-SHR (SHR-SP) to the corresponding levels of their normotensive
   controls of the Wistar-Kyoto strain, we detected various differences in amine
   handling during the development of high blood pressure. Significant increases of
   adrenal gland catecholamines at the ages of 8 and 14 weeks are accompanied by
   striking alterations of catecholamine (CA) storage in other peripheral organs like the
   heart and kidneys. Most prominent increases, as compared to controls, were found in
   adrenaline concentrations in heart and kidney at all ages studied, with levels two to
   four times higher than the respective WKY concentrations. The results are
   compatible with a permissive role of adrenaline as a cotransmitter in the initiation
   and/or maintenance of hypertension. After incorporation into endogenous amine
   storage vesicles, e.g., of the heart, adrenaline is probably released, together with
   noradrenaline,      upon     nerve     stimulation.   By     stimulating   presynaptic
   beta-2-adrenoceptors, adrenaline is able to facilitate noradrenaline release and to
   enhance noradrenergic vasoconstriction. The resulting increase of peripheral
   sympathetic tone may be responsible for the pathogenesis of rat genetic and human
   essential hypertension, as well as for the triggering of myocardial infarction. The
   blockade of presynaptic beta-receptors is supposed to represent an important
   mechanism of action of non-selective beta-blocking agents. In the case of carvedilol,
   this effect is supported by additional antagonism at vascular alpha-adrenoceptors,
   leading to vasodilation
Keywords:                            ADRENALINE/CATECHOLAMINES/ESSENTIAL
   HYPERTENSION/NONSELECTIVE
   BETA-ADRENOCEPTOR-ANTAGONISTS/POSITIVE                                   FEEDBACK
   MECHANISM/SHR/SHRSP/SPONTANEOUSLY                                    HYPERTENSIVE
   RATS/STROKE/WKY/YOUNG
Sieverding, L., Jung, W.I., Klose, U. and Apitz, J. (1990), Cine Magnetic-Resonance in
   Pediatric Cardiology - Improvement of Diagnostic-Tools by Flow-Rephasing
   Gradient-Echo Sequences. Zeitschrift fur Kardiologie, 79 (11), 774-782.
Abstract: Based on the phase difference method as described by Nayler et al., we
   developed a gradient-echo sequence, which refocuses flow-related phase shifts. With
   regard to the higher peak velocity and higher acceleration in infants, we reduced the
   echo time (TE) to 5 ms. This is effective in rephasing the flow signals even for faster
   heart rates. Phase shifts are further minimized by reducing the voxel size. The slice
   thickness down to 2 mm also improves anatomic resolution. A repetition time (TR)
   of 15 ms provides high temporal resolution for dynamic studies. Modification of the
   flow-rephasing gradient-echo sequence allows blood flow measurements in the great
   arteries and the calculation of blood flow volume to assess left and right ventricular
   stroke volume. This can also be achieved by calculating the ventricular volume from
   contiguous slices of the whole heart; however, it results in excessive measuring times.
   Compared with conventional spin- echo techniques, anatomical analysis is improved.
   The size of atrial septal defects (ASD) can be measured more exactly. Small atrial or
   ventricular septal defects (VSD), which are not detectable on spin-echo images, are
   demonstrated on the gradient-echo images and semi-quantitative estimation of the
   pressure in the right and left ventricle can be made. Pulmonary arteries and veins are
   clearly differentiated from bronchial structures and are traced to subsegmental levels.
   Without ECG-gating, contiguous slices of interesting parts of the cardiovascular
   system can be obtained and successfully used for secondary angiographic
   reconstructions
Keywords:                  ANGIOGRAPHY/AORTA/BLOOD-FLOW/BLOOD-FLOW-
   VELOCITY/COARCTATION/CONGENITAL                       HEART-DISEASE/MAGNETIC
   RESONANCE                   IMAGING/MR                 ANGIOGRAPHY/PEDIATRIC
   CARDIOLOGY/REGURGITATION/SEVERITY/STROKE
   VOLUME/VENTRICULAR VOLUMES
Heller, R., Blumchen, G., Zurmann, J., Jette, M., Bannies, H. and Meiser, M. (1990),
   4-Week Training for Patients with Large Anterior-Myocardial Infarction -
   Comparison with A Randomized, Untrained Control- Group. Zeitschrift fur
   Kardiologie, 79 (12), 831-836.
Abstract: Thirty-nine male patients (average age 50.8 years +/- 8.4 years) with a large
  anterior myocardial infarction (average 45.6 days +/- 10.5 days ago) and with
  moderate to severe left- ventricular dysfunction (RNVA EF < 50 %) participated in
  the study. The patients were randomly assigned to either a training group or to a
  control group. They were also subdivided into training/control groups (EF < 30 %
  and EF = 30- 50 %). The training program consisted of three to four sessions per day,
  5 days a week, at an intensity of up to 1 W/kg body wt. (approximately 4-5 METS).
  The following evaluations were recorded prior to and following the 4-week training
  program: relative heart volume (x-ray), echocardiographic data (enddiastolic
  diameter, ES-distance, and shortening fraction), and exercise stress test (work
  capacity, heart rate). Filling pressures, cardiac outpout, and stroke volume index
  were calculated from right-heart catheterization (Swan-Ganz) at rest and during
  exercise. Results indicate that there were no significant changes in relative heart
  volume, end-diastolic volume, ES-distance, resting heart rate, PCP at rest, and
  ejection fraction during exercise as a result of the training program. Shortening
  fraction showed a tendency to improve (not significant). Work capacity increased by
  15 W (p < 0.05) in the training group and by 28 W (1.5 METS, p < 0.05) in the EF <
  30 % training-group as compared with the control group. Cardiac output at rest
  decreased by 10 % (p < 0.05). Stroke- volume index increased in the EF > 30 %
  training-group, while heart rate was reduced. In the control-group, PCP at exercise
  increased while EF at rest showed a tendency to increase slightly (no significant).
  Severe complications occurred in four patients during the course of the program: all
  patients were in the training-group, three patients developed left-heart failure, and 1
  patient developed ventricular tachycardia, necessitating defibrillation. These four
  patients were characterized by the pre-training parameters: age > 50 years; PCP (rest)
  > 15 mm Hg; PCP (max-ex) > 30 mm Hg; PWP < 50 W; EF (ex) < 20 %;
  ES-distance > 1.2 cm; frequent arrhythmias (Holter) Grade > III b Lown. Two out of
  four patients, who developed severe complications, had a left-ventricular aneurysm.
  Patients exhibiting these characteristics should be exercised only under close medical
  supervision. They definitely should not be permitted to participate in a vigorous
  exercise program, particularly if a left-ventricular aneurysm exists. Furthermore, 98
  patients with large anterior-wall infarctions were subdivided into a group performing
  heavy- training and into a group performing light-training assignments and scored
  accordingly. The score used non-invasive methods, which are widely used in
  cardiology. When this code was used, complications during the 4-weeks
  training-period did not occur
Keywords:                                                       ANTERIOR/CARDIAC
  REHABILITATION/COMPLICATIONS/CORONARY-ARTERY
  DISEASE/EJECTION
  FRACTION/EXERCISE/FILLING-PRESSURES/LARGE/LEFT-VENTRICULAR
  DYSFUNCTION/MYOCARDIAL                              INFARCTION/RADIONUCLIDE
  VENTRICULOGRAPHY/RANDOMIZED/SIZE/TRAINING
  EFFECTS/TRAINING PRESCRIPTION
Andreas, S., Sold, G., Werner, G.S., Nordbeck, H. and Kreuzer, H. (1990), Doppler
  Echocardiographic Evaluation of Systolic and Diastolic Function During Sequential
  and Ventricular Pacing. Zeitschrift fur Kardiologie, 79 (12), 858-864.
Abstract: In 16 patients with sequential pacing and partly impaired left- ventricular
  function (mean shortening fraction 23 +/- 7 %), the flow through the mitral and aortic
  valves were studied with Doppler echocardiography at different AV-intervals,
  keeping heart rate constant at 70/min. The time-velocity integral of the early and late
   diastolic filling, the first one-third filling fraction, and the diastolic-filling time were
   found to be significantly dependent on the length of the AV interval (p < 0.001). In
   the left ventricular outflow tract, the maximum stroke volume of 85.6 +/- 28.4 ml
   was measured at an AV interval of 200 ms. The stroke volume under VOO
   stimulation (70.5 +/- 24.1 cm) was 17% less (p < 0.003). There was no correlation
   between the increase in stroke volume during sequential pacing and M mode or
   Doppler echocardiographic parameters. Thus, the haemodynamic benefit of
   sequential pacing cannot be predicted by echocardiography. Doppler
   echocardiography is useful for determining the AV interval leading to the maximal
   cardiac output at rest. In the Doppler echocardiographic assessment of
   left-ventricular function, the influence of the AV interval on diastolic-filling
   parameters must be considered
Keywords:          ATRIAL            CONTRIBUTION/CARDIAC-OUTPUT/DIASTOLIC
   VENTRICLE                                                          FUNCTION/DOPPLER
   ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY/END/INDEXES/PACEMAKERS/PREDICTION/PRESS
   URE/PULSED                DOPPLER/SEQUENTIAL                    STIMULATION/STROKE
   VOLUME/ULTRASOUND
Fichtner, D., Brell, U., Bunke, K., Fischer, R., Tacke, A. and Krischewski, J. (1986),
   Examinations of the Heart Stroke Volume of Children with Bronchial-Asthma by
   Means of Impedance Cardiography. Zeitschrift fur Klinische Medizin-Zkm, 41 (23),
   1911-1914
Zippel, C., Conradi, M.L. and Nichelmann, C. (1989), Functional Cerebral Reserves
   After Acute Disorders of the Cerebral Blood-Flow - A New Method for Evaluation
   of the Rehabilitation Potential in Stroke Patients. Zeitschrift fur Klinische
   Medizin-Zkm, 44 (22), 1917-1919
Wachs, B. and Wagner, H. (1990), Fieldtest on the Fate of 2-Stroke Lubricants in Water
   Resulting from Intensive Outboard Motor Operation. Zeitschrift fur Wasser und
   Abwasser Forschung-Journal for Water and Wastewater Research, 23 (1), 1-11
Baranova, V.P. and Davydkin, I.M. (1982), Registration of Different-Contrast Stroke
   Objects by Photographic Materials. Zhurnal Nauchnoi I Prikladnoi Fotografii, 27 (3),
   177-179
Golovin, G.V. and Martynov, F.I. (1981), Changes in the Parameters of Clotted Blood
   Morphological Dissociation in the Acutest Period of Ischemic Cerebral Stroke.
   Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 81 (12), 1786-1789
Burd, G.S. and Sergeeva, N.A. (1981), Function of the Hypophyseo-Adrenal System in
   Patients with Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S
   Korsakova, 81 (1), 60-64
Komorovskaya, I.Y. (1981), Effect of Moderate Normovolemic Hemodilution on the
   Changes of General Hemodynamics in Patients with Ischemic Cerebral Stroke Given
   Combined Therapy. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 81
   (8), 1172-1176
Misyuk, N.S. and Kurgaev, V.I. (1981), Effect of Glycerol, Mannitol, and Lasix on the
   Cerebrospinal- Fluid Pressure in the Acute Period of A Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 81 (8), 1149-1152
Novikov, A.E. (1981), Correlations Between the Clinical-Data and the Stimulation
   Electromyography Findings in the Acute Stage of A Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova , 81 (9), 1321-1326
Gusev, E.I., Gorbunov, F.E., Toguzov, R.T., Ivanokov, A.N. and Kushelev, A.R. (1981),
   Content of Free Amino-Acids in the Blood-Plasma and Erythrocytes of Patients in
   the Acute Period of Ischemic Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii
   Imeni S S Korsakova, 81 (9), 1308-1313
Sitel, A.B. (1981), Decimeter-Wave Therapy in the Rehabilitation of Patients with A
   History of Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S
   Korsakova, 81 (8), 1166-1172
Burtsev, E.M., Yaverbaum, N.P. and Skaler, N.P. (1981), Role of Health Resort
   Treatment in Rehabilitation of Patients with Cerebral Stroke Sequelae. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 81 (1), 67-71
Perevoshchikova, G.F. and Raninen, A.T. (1981), Use of Calculation Methods for
   Table-Aided Differential- Diagnosis of Obturational and Non-Obturational Cerebral
   Infarction During the 1St 5 Days of the Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii
   Imeni S S Korsakova, 81 (9), 1331-1337
Popovyan, M.D. and Kabanova, L.A. (1981), Hemodynamic Disturbances in the Acute
   Stage of Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova,
   81 (1), 27-31
Kanareikin, K.F. and Kutchak, E.N. (1981), Transitory Cerebral-Circulation
   Disturbances in Patients with A History of Ischemic Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii
   I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 81 (9), 1281-1284
Stolyarova, L.G., Varakin, Y.Y. and Vavilov, S.B. (1981), Peculiarities and Time
   Course of the Speech Syndrome in Patients with A History of Ischemic Stroke
   (Clinical and Tomographic Study). Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S
   Korsakova, 81 (8), 1141-1146
Stolyarova, L.G. and Shokhortrotskaya, M.K. (1981), Speech Restoration Dynamics in
   Patients with Various Forms of Motor Aphasia After Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 81 (1), 10-15
Bragina, L.K., Stolyarova, L.G. and Tkachev, G.R. (1981), Restoration of Cerebral
   Stroke-Impaired Motor Functions. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S
   Korsakova, 81 (1), 6-10
Fedin, A.I. (1981), Compressed Spectral Array of An Eeg in Patients with
   Consciousness Disorders Due to Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I
   Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 81 (9), 1337-&
Misyuk, N.S. and Anosova, N.I. (1982), A Table for Forecasting Cerebral Stroke
   Development. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 82 (12),
   1805-1808
Davidenkova, E.F., Kolosova, N.N., Lieberman, I.S. and Grigoryeva, V.V. (1982),
   Some Peculiarities of Platelet-Function in Persons with A History of Ischemic Stroke
   Or Myocardial-Infarction, As Well As in Their Relatives. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I
   Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 82 (1), 3-7
Davidenkova, E.F., Kolosova, N.N., Liberman, I.S., Grigoryeva, V.V. and Shafran,
   M.G. (1982), Hereditary Predisposition As A Risk Factor in Ischemic Stroke
   Development. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 82 (8),
   1124-1131
Manyakhina, I.V., Mirkin, A.S., Turbina, L.G., Vavilin, A.N., Ivannikov, V.P.,
   Ivannikova, L.A., Ionova, T.S. and Belokudrin, V.K. (1982), Use of
   Vibrostimulating Footwear in Combined Treatment of Patients with A History of A
   Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 82 (8),
   1146-1149
Smirnov, V.E., Prokhorova, E.S. and Ryabova, V.S. (1982), Some Problems of
   Organizing the Medical Aid to Patients with Cerebral Stroke (According to the Data
   of the Cerebral-Stroke- Register). Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S
   Korsakova, 82 (8), 1121-1124
Stolyarova, L.G., Kadykov, A.S. and Tkacheva, G.R. (1982), A System for Estimating
   Motor Functions in Patients with Post- Stroke Pareses. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I
   Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 82 (9), 1295-1298
Demidenko, T.D., Lvova, R.I., Inin, Y.S., Yakovlev, N.M. and Bogdanov, O.V. (1983),
   Application of Portable Biotechnical Feedback Devices in the Active Rehabilitation
   Therapy of Post-Stroke Patients with Motor Disturbances. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I
   Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 83 (8), 1121-1126
Aristova, R.A. and Kazantseva, N.V. (1983), Some Pathogenetic Mechanisms of
   Ischemic Stroke in Cardiac- Arrhythmia Disorders. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I
   Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 83 (9), 1286-1291
Gorbacheva, F.E., Natyazhkina, G.M. and Krutik, Z.I. (1983), Comparative Efficacy of
   Antiaggregate and Anticoagulant-Therapy in Ischemic Stroke. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 83 (8), 1147-1149
Schultze, K.A.F., Mikhalik, M., Planittser, Y., Erish, M. and Leonhard, T. (1983),
   Computerized-Tomography in the Diagnosis of Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 83 (5), 681-&
Demidenko, T.D. and Bogat, Z.I. (1983), Survivors of Cerebral Stroke - Their
   Rehabilitation Under Conditions of A Specialized Rehabilitation Outpatient Center.
   Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 83 (5), 684-688
Strumpe, V.P. (1983), Arterial-Hypertension Course and Outcome in Patients with A
   History of Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 83 (1),
   10-15
Fedin, A.I. (1983), Forms of Consciousness Disturbances in Patients with Brain Stroke.
   Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 83 (1), 21-28
Karlov, V.A., Makarov, V.A. and Bova, I.Y. (1984), Treatment of the Syndrome of
   Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation During Ischemic Stroke. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 84 (9), 1325-1329
Panteleeva, R.A., Shpileva, N.N. and Ananiev, A.Y. (1984), Clinical-Criteria of the
   Stroke Risk. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 84 (1), 5-8
Pravdenkova, S.V., Romasenko, M.V. and Shelkovsky, V.N. (1984), Hyperbaric
   Oxygenation in the Prophylaxis of Repeated Disruptions of Cerebral-Circulation at
   the Acute Stage of Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S
   Korsakova, 84 (8), 1147-1151
Stolyarova, L.G. and Kadykov, A.S. (1984), Prospects of the Development of Research
   Into the Rehabilitation Treatment of Cerebral Stroke Survivors. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova , 84 (8), 1121-1126
Gurova, E.P. and Belyaev, V.I. (1984), A Stroke-Like Course of Brain-Tumors. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 84 (5), 650-654
Diordienko, I.A. and Karepov, V.G. (1984), Comparative Indexes of Proserine Therapy
   and Combined Myorelaxation in Post-Stroke Motor Disorders. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 84 (9), 1312-1313
Strelkova, N.I., Ponomarev, Y.T., Danilova, D.P., Streltsova, E.N. and Nushtaeva, T.V.
   (1984), The Significance of Dopplerography in Monitoring the Efficacy of the
   Treatment of Stroke Survivors by Means of Electromagnetic Decimeter Waves.
   Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 84 (1), 43-47
Chernikova, L.A. (1984), The Emg-Biological Feedback Method in the Multimodality
   Rehabilitation Treatment of Patients with Post-Stroke Motor Disorders. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 84 (12), 1795-1798
Avdyunina, I.A. (1985), Changes in Osmolality of the Blood-Plasma in Patients with
   the Acutest Phase of Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S
   Korsakova, 85 (9), 1317-1323
Razuvaeva, V.V. (1985), Minor Cerebral Stroke - Hemostasis and Rheological
   Properties of the Blood. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova,
   85 (9), 1324-1329
Ierusalimsky, A.P. and Feigin, V.L. (1985), The Epidemiology of Cerebral Stroke
   Under Conditions of A Large City of Western Siberia According to Register Data
   (Morbidity and Mortality). Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova,
   85 (1), 20-26
Tkacheva, G.R., Chernikova, L.A. and Razinkina, T.P. (1985), Trans-Cutaneous
   Nervous Stimulation in the Treatment of Post- Stroke Arthropathies. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 85 (4), 531-534
Gafurov, B.G. (1985), Polygraphic Characteristics of the Structure of Night Sleep in
   Pathology of the Left and Right Cerebral Hemispheres in Post- Stroke Patients.
   Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 85 (6), 896-900
Davidenkova, E.F., Grigorieva, V.V., Kolosova, N.N., Liberman, I.S. and Shafran, M.G.
   (1985), Serotonin Levels and Transport in Blood-Platelets of Patients with Ischemic
   Stroke and in Their Relatives. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S
   Korsakova, 85 (1), 5-9
Vinichuk, S.M. and Maly, V.D. (1986), Hemodynamic Disorders and Some Problems
   of the Treatment of Stroke with A Reversible Neurological Deficit. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 86 (9), 1290-1296
Feigin, V.L. (1986), Epidemiologic Characteristics of Minor Stroke in Novosibirsk.
   Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 86 (8), 1149-1152
Lyubchinsky, E.B. (1986), The Effect of Body Posture on the Time Course of Tendon
   Reflexes in Patients During Recovery After Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii
   I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 86 (3), 360-363
Ryabova, V.S. (1986), Long-Term Sequelae of Cerebral Stroke (According to the
   Registry Materials). Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 86
   (4), 532-536
Bakhur, V.T. (1986), The Diagnostic-Significance of Some Variants of Ocular Paralysis
   in Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 86 (1),
   56-58
Solovyev, O.I. and Vavilov, S.B. (1986), Intracranial Hypertension in the Acute Stage
   of Cerebral Stroke (Csf Changes and Computer-Aided Tomography Data). Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 86 (1), 34-&
Kaasick, A.E.A. and Kauba, T.F. (1986), A Noninvasive Method of Central
   Hemodynamics Measurements in Patients with Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 86 (5), 689-693
Kazantseva, N.V. (1986), Mechanisms of Action of Hyperbaric Oxygenation in
   Ischemic Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 86 (9),
   1315-1320
Karasaeva, L.A. and Povorinsky, A.G. (1986), Differentiated Assessment of the
   Rehabilitative Potential in Hypertensive Patients in the Recovery Period After Stroke.
   Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 86 (10), 1505-1510
Popova, L.M. and Pirogov, V.N. (1986), Thrombolytic Therapy with Streptodekase in
   Ischemic Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 86 (12),
   1777-&
Zinchenko, V.A. (1986), Possible Ways of Changing the Activity of Some Enzymes in
   the Cerebrospinal-Fluid in Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii
   Imeni S S Korsakova, 86 (1), 58-60
Pines, L.N., Trakhtenberg, S.B. and Trebler, L.Y. (1986), The Effect of Strophanthin on
   the Status of the General and Cerebral Hemodynamics in Patients with Ischemic
   Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 86 (9), 1310-1314
Semak, A.E., Misyuk, N.S., Adamovich, V.I., Plotnikov, Y.V. and Khomasuridze, D.O.
   (1987), A Comprehensive System of Differentiated Prediction of Cerebral Stroke.
   Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 87 (1), 6-13
Shepetova, O.N., Troshin, V.M., Belova, A.N. and Efimov, A.P. (1987), Methodology
   of Assessing the Clinical Status of Patients with Cerebral Stroke Aftereffects in the
   Process of Rehabilitation. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova,
   87 (8), 1143-1148
Fedirko,     M.I.    and     Ershova,     G.S.    (1987),    The     Status    of    the
   Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System in Hypertensive Patients with A History of
   Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 87 (9),
   1321-1323
Kuzin, V.M. and Kolesnikova, T.I. (1987), Elasticity of Red-Blood-Cells and Gas
   Metabolism in Patients with Ischemic Brain Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I
   Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 87 (7), 1002-1007
Kovalenko, A.N. and Kostyuchenko, V.G. (1987), Status of Gonadal and Gonadotropic
   Functions in Elderly Males and Females with Ischemic Stroke Aftereffects. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 87 (1), 29-33
Gusev, E.I. and Kaplan, S.I. (1987), Differentiation of Cerebral Stroke from Some
   Somatic Diseases. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 87 (9),
   1286-1290
Magi, M.A., Tomberg, T.A., Kauba, T.F., Rekand, T.E., Taba, P.M. and Ulst, M.V.
   (1987), Pharmacodynamic Effect of Cavinton on the Regional Volumetric Cerebral
   Blood-Flow, Central Hemodynamics, and Bioelectrical Activity of the Brain in the
   Acute Stage of Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S
   Korsakova, 87 (1), 46-50
Eninya, G.I., Robule, V.K., Maiore, I.K. and Frolova, V.E. (1988), Some Rheological
   Properties of the Blood in Patients with Initial Manifestations of Cerebral
   Insufficiency and with Ischemic Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S
   S Korsakova, 88 (9), 23-28
Razuvaeva, V.V. (1988), Cerebral Stroke with Minimal Residual Symptoms. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 88 (1), 22-26
Sadov, O.G. (1988), Psychopathologic Syndromes in Post-Stroke Patients - Clinical
   Picture, Course, Rehabilitation. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S
   Korsakova, 88 (12), 53-57
Ierusalimsky, A.P., Feigin, V.L., Alperin, L.B., Korostyshevsky, M.A. and Verevkin,
   E.G. (1988), Experience with Prediction and Risk-Factors of Cerebral Stroke in
   Novosibirsk. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 88 (1),
   44-48
Kaasik, A.E.A., Dmitriev, K.K. and Tomberg, T.A. (1988), Hyperbaric Oxygenation in
   the Treatment of Patients with Ischemic Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii
   Imeni S S Korsakova, 88 (9), 38-43
Karaseva, L.A., Demina, E.N. and Myasnikov, R.G. (1988), Significance of
   Electromyographic Examinations in the Rehabilitation of Patients with Motor
   Disorders in the Period of Recovery After Ischemic Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I
   Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 88 (9), 43-45
Chernikova, L.A. and Nekrasova, E.M. (1988), Method of Electromyographic Feedback
   in Post-Stroke Motor Disorders. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S
   Korsakova, 88 (9), 46-48
Kuzin, V.M. and Kolesnikova, T.I. (1988), Erythrocyte Carboanhydrase and Gaseous
   Metabolism in Patients with Ischemic Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii
   Imeni S S Korsakova, 88 (1), 26-31
Mashin, V.V., Sharaeva, T.K., Azhitsky, G.Y., Diordienko, I.A., Zlobina, V.I. and
   Sergeev, V.N. (1988), Qualitative Albumin Changes in the Cerebrospinal-Fluid of
   Patients with Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S
   Korsakova, 88 (9), 32-34
Lunev, D.K., Kozlova, E.N. and Ayapbergenova, S.D. (1988), Some Aspects of the
   Clinical Course and Pathogenesis of Minor Cerebral Stroke in Patients with
   Atherosclerosis. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 88 (1),
   5-8
Smirnov, V.E., Varakin, Y.Y., Gornostaeva, G.V., Manvelov, L.S., Amoashy, M.S.,
   Nikitin, Y.M. and Larsky, E.G. (1988), Efficacy of the Program Aimed at Preventing
   Cerebral Stroke in High-Risk Groups. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S
   Korsakova, 88 (1), 49-52
Demidenko, T.D., Bogat, Z.I. and Dokish, Y.M. (1988), Rehabilitation of Patients with
   Brain Stroke Aftereffects - Experience of the Specialized Rehabilitation Service in
   Leningrad. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 88 (9), 49-52
Khrapova, E.V. (1988), Time Course of Histamine Levels and Diaminoxidase Activity
   in the Blood of Patients with Ischemic Stroke and Transient Disorders of the
   Cerebral-Circulation. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 88
   (12), 21-25
Buletsa, B.A. and Aiben, K. (1988), Epidemiology of Stroke in Ukrainian and Slovak
   Carpathians. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 88 (9), 52-54
Zinchenko, V.A., Skornyakova, V.I., Kalinichev, S.N. and Popov, E.A. (1989),
   Cerebrospinal Creatinine Phosphokinase in Acute Stroke Patients. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 89 (7), 92-95
Ishchenko, M.M. and Lobas, A.V. (1989), The Impact of Calcium-Antagonists on
   Cerebral and Regional Hemodynamics in Ischemic Stroke Patients. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 89 (9), 52-56
Zhirmunskaya, E.A., Rybnikov, A.I. and Veksler, L.S. (1989), Eeg Analysis Using
   Pattern Detection Methods in Patients with Acute Cerebral Stroke. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 89 (9), 18-23
Akimov, G.A., Zinchenko, V.A. and Lobzhanidze, P.V. (1989), Clinicomorphological
   Features of Combined Stroke Types. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S
   Korsakova, 89 (7), 88-92
Stolyarova, L.G., Kadykov, A.S., Chernikova, L.A., Razinkina, T.P. and Shvedkov,
   V.V. (1989), Prevention and Treatment of Contractures in Post-Stroke Arthropathies.
   Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 89 (9), 63-65
Belova, A.N. and Troshin, V.M. (1989), Prediction Tables for Restitution of Motility in
   Stroke Reconvalescents at the Outpatient Stage of Rehabilitation Treatment. Zhurnal
   Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 89 (9), 48-52
Popelyansky, Y.Y., Bogdanov, E.I., Faskhutdinov, R.R. and Galyamov, D.L. (1989),
   Contractile Properties of Tibial Muscles in Patients with Stroke-Related Motor
   Disorders. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 89 (6), 68-72
Gusev, E.I., Kazantseva, N.V., Nifontova, L.A., Petukhov, E.B., Makarova, L.D.,
   Zhuravlev, A.K., Lurie, B.L., Snegireva, T.V., Vladimirov, N.V. and Chevardov, V.I.
   (1990), On the Mechanism of the Therapeutic Effect of Hyperbaric Oxygenation at
   Minor Differential Pressure in Patients with Brain Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I
  Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 90 (1), 34-40
Berdichevsky, M.Y., Storozhuk, P.G. and Imananakha, K.K. (1990), The Importance of
  Studying Some Erythrocytic Enzymes for Determination of the Brain Stroke Pattern
  in the Most Acute Period. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova,
  90 (7), 29-31
Kravtsov, Y.I. and Bogdanov, A.N. (1990), Vertebral Basilar Stroke. Zhurnal
  Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova , 90 (1), 26-29
Gusev, E.I., Chukanova, E.I. and Yasamanova, A.N. (1990), Osmotic Homeostasis and
  Hemorheology in Patients with Acute Ischemic Brain Stroke. Zhurnal
  Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 90 (7), 12-16
Gannushkina, I.V., Komelkova, L.V., Mossakowski, M., Rafalowska, J. and Kraewski,
  S.J. (1990), Acute Phase Proteins and Immunoglobulin-G in the Blood-Serum and
  Cerebral Tissue of Patients with Ischemic Brain Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I
  Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 90 (7), 22-25
Gorbacheva, F.E. and Ponyaev, M.N. (1990), Comparative-Study of the Drugs Used for
  the Treatment of Brain Edema in Patients with Cerebral Stroke and Their Effect on
  Hemorheology. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 90 (7),
  26-29
Ozeredenko, V.G., Fedorova, L.P. and Mikhailova, E.Y. (1990), The Content of
  Cyclic-Nucleotides, Phosphodiesterase, Thyroid- Hormones and Insulin in
  Blood-Plasma of Patients with Ischemic Stroke. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii
  Imeni S S Korsakova, 90 (7), 25-26
Erokhina, L.G., Gasparyan, S.A., Pashkina, E.S. and Mazurova, L.M. (1990),
  Experience with the Design and Use of Computerized Diagnosis in Cerebrovascular
  Pathology. Zhurnal Nevropatologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova, 90 (11), 3-6.
Abstract: The purpose of the work was to analyze the experience with the trial of
  diagnostic algorithms to specify possibilities of differential diagnosis and forecasting
  the course or outcome of cerebrovascular diseases. Detailed study of 922 clinico-
  anatomic cases (547 with hemorrhagic brain stroke, 157 with ischemic, 218 with
  pseudoinsult) enabled revealing differential-diagnostic criteria for the pathological
  patterns under study bearing in mind disease pathomorphism. Analysis was made of
  the tabular diagnosis of cerebrovascular pathology and of the experience gained with
  the trial of diverse diagnostic algorithms for staged diagnosis of brain stroke and
  pseudoinsult, different varieties of cerebral hemorrhages (10 varieties). The results of
  the use of four algorithms for forecasting hemorrhagic brain stroke were studied and
  compared. The acuracy of the diagnosis and forecasting amounts from 55 to 82.3%
  depending on the problem to be solved and the algorithm used. The data show the
  necessity of the careful proving of the algorithm choice as dependent on the problem
  raised
Schneider, P. (1982), Contributions to the Flight Biology of Beetles (Coleoptera) .2.
  Directional Change and Control of Wing Stroke Amplitude. Zoologische
  Jahrbucher-Abteilung fur Allgemeine Zoologie und Physiologie der Tiere, 86 (3),
  371-399

								
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