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MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING AMONG THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR SPACE RESEARCH – INPE, THE FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF SANTA MARIA – UFSM, THE BARTOL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AND THE SHINSHU UNIVERSITY, FOR THE EXECUTION OF THE COSMIC RAY OBSERVATIONS FOR SPACE WEATHER FORECAST PROJECT The MINISTRY FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, through the NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR SPACE RESEARCH – INPE, located at Av. dos Astronautas, 1758, São José dos Campos – SP, ZIP-12201-970, in this act represented by its Director, Dr. Luiz Carlos Moura Miranda, the FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF SANTA MARIA – UFSM, entity under the Ministry of Education, located in Santa Maria – RS, in the University Campus, Camobi, ZIP-97119-900, in this act represented by its Rector Paulo Jorge Sarkis, the BARTOL RESEARCH INSTITUTE, of the University of Delaware, located at 217 Sharp Lab., Newark, DE 19716, U.S.A., in this act represented by Regan M. Walsh, Project Manager, and the SHINSHU UNIVERSITY, through the Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, located at 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano 390-8621, Japan, in this act represented by Hiroyuki Nagai, Dean of Faculty of Science; Considering that in March 2001 it was installed in the building number 2 of the Southern Space Observatory – SSO, São Martinho da Serra, RS, Brazil, a prototype of a muon detector for space weather monitoring; Considering that the instrument has been kept operational by Brazil, through a partnership between INPE-UFSM, in order to guarantee basic information on the performance of a new International Large Scale Multi-Directional Muon Detection Network distributed in strategic geographical points of the planet, as well as on a new large size detector, whose installation in the south of Brazil is meant to be done through this Memorandum of Understanding; Considering that the prototype detector installed and operating in the SSO consists of two layers of plastic scintilators separated by 1.73 m, with an intermediate layer of 5 cm of lead to absorb the soft cosmic ray component, and each layer consists of 1 m2 detectors, in a 2x2 configuration, with total area of 4 m2; 1 Considering that it is being proposed the installation of a large size muon detector in the Southern Space Observatory – SSO, expanding the 2x2 array to a 6x6 array of 1 m2 elements, increasing the number of directional channels for the cosmic ray intensity measurements from the actual 9 to 17; Considering that the parts have common interest in this expansion and installation of the new Large Size Multi-Directional Muon Detector, which will provide better ways for the scientific and technological research development, the monitoring of Space Weather and of Geoeffective Magnetic Structures, Decide to implement the Cosmic Ray for Space Weather Forecast Project, as follows. Japan, through Shinshu University, is responsible for: 1- Providing 42 (forty-two) detector modules currently located in the Nagoya University Observatory in Sakashita, Japan, to be installed in the SSO – Southern Space Observatory, in São Martinho da Serra, coordinating and executing the expansion, as a loan, for 15 years, 30 detectors for possible expansion; 2- Transferring to Brazil the equipment, to the Southern Space Observatory – SSO, in São Martinho da Serra, RS, being responsible for the expenses of this transference; 3- Make the data from the International Large Scale Multi-Directional Muon Detection Network available for the other parts involved; 4- Providing additional trips inside Japan and inside Brazil to dismount and transfer the detectors from the underground Sakashita Observatory, where the detectors are currently located; 5- Participate in the scientific investigations, together with the other parts. United States of America, through Bartol Research Institute, of the University of Delaware, is responsible for: 1- Joining the Shinshu University in the sharing of the expenses of the transportation of the equipment to Brazil, for the Southern Space Observatory – SSO; 2- Providing shipping costs and costs of the data acquisition system of the International Large Scale Multi-Directional Muon Detection Network; 3- Providing the internet web page, for the duration of its NSF Grant No. ATM-0207196 (at least 3 years), with the space weather tools, which could be accessed by the other participants and the scientific community, if desired; 2 4- Lend to INPE/MCT the equipment (main and electronics), for 15 years, to be installed at São Martinho da Serra, in the Southern Space Observatory – SSO. Brazil, through National Institute for Space Research – INPE, is responsible for: 1- Providing the facilities in the Southern Space Observatory – SSO, together with the Federal University of Santa Maria – UFSM, to install and operate the muon detector equipment for at least 15 years; 2- Providing the 8 muon detector modules already installed in the SSO, which were donated to INPE, from the Shinshu University, when the Multi-Directional Muon Detector prototype was installed in the SSO; 3- Making all the possible efforts to liberate, at no costs, all the project related equipment in the Brazilian customs, which will be transferred to Brazil. However, if customs costs are required, the parties will discuss who will pay at that time; 4- Participating in the scientific investigations and coordinating the data acquisition and distribution, and administrating the activities of the other parts in the Southern Space Observatory – SSO. Brazil, through the Federal University of Santa Maria – UFSM, is responsible for: 1- Providing the facilities in the Southern Space Observatory – SSO, together with the Federal University of Santa Maria – UFSM, to install and operate the muon detector equipment; 2- Participating in the scientific investigations; 3- Participating with undergraduate students, stages, and employees in the scientific investigation and in the data acquisition program. With the aim of improving the ability of observing cosmic rays for space weather forecast, the parties are responsible for: In the first year, year 1: Add a section in the Internet site, which will provide real-time plots of the angular distribution of cosmic rays observed (separately) by the Spaceship Earth network and the International Large Scale Multi- Directional Muon Detection Network; Add a section in the Internet site which will provide real-time plots of the cosmic ray density gradients and bi-directional flux (if present), determined by the joint data analysis of the neutron monitors, muon monitors and ACE satellite magnetic field; and In the second and third years, years 2 and 3: Develop space weather forecast products to be included in the Internet site, such as an automatic loss-cone detection system (which could be attached to an automatic e-mail alert generator) and tools for the 3 visualization of the orientation and structure of the solar ejecta in real- time. In order to constitute the Technical and Administrative Coordination of the International Large Scale Multi-Directional Muon Detection Network, Research Program and to follow its execution, each party designates a coordinator: From INPE: Nelson Jorge Schuch Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais – INPE Unidade Regional Sul de Pesquisas Espaciais – RSU Caixa Postal 5021 Santa Maria, RS E-mail: email@example.com Phone: +55 55 220 8021 FAX: +55 55 220 8007 From UFSM: Norberto Ulisses Vasconcelos de Oliveira Universidade Federal de Santa Maria – UFSM Centro de Tecnologia – CT Laboratório de Ciências Espaciais de Santa Maria – LACESM E-mial: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: +55 55 220 8030 FAX: +55 55 220 8007 From SHINSHU UNIVERSITY: Kazuoki Munakata Department of Physics, Faculty of Science Shinshu University 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto 390-8621 E-mail: email@example.com Phone: 0263 37 2463 (JAPAN) FAX: 0263 37 2562 (JAPAN) From BARTOL RESEARCH INSTITUTE: John W. Bieber Bartol Research Institute University of Delaware 4 217 Sharp Lab Newark, DE 19716 U.S.A. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: 302 831 2240 (USA) FAX: 302 831 1843 (USA) It will be the responsibility of the Technical and Administrative Coordination to provide for the solution of technical and administrative questions that may eventually come during the validity of this document. Concerning Personnel: To constitute the group of Professors-Investigators that will define the Scientific Research Program and follow its execution, each of the parties designates its Principal Investigator and its minimal technical and scientific group to participate in the first year of the project: - From BARTOL: John W. Bieber, Professor – Principal Investigator (PI); Paul Evenson, Professor; Charles Smith, Senior Scientist. - From SHINSHU: Kazuoki Munakata, Professor – Principal Investigator (PI); Shin-ichi Yasue, Associate Professor; Chihiro Kato, Research Assiciate; Zenjiro Fujii (Nagoya University), which will be responsible for making the Nagoya muon detector available for this program. - From INPE: Walter D. Gonzalez, Professor – Principal Investigator (PI); Nelson Jorge Schuch, Investigator; Alicia Luiza Clua de Gonzalez, Investigator; Galina Ivanovna Pougatcheva, Visiting Investigator; Anatoli Alexandrovitch Goussev, Visiting Investigator. - From UFSM: Nalin Babulal Trivedi, Visiting Professor; Marcos Cordeiro D’Ornellas, Professor – Principal Investigator (PI); Norberto Ulisses de Vasconcellos Oliveira, Professor. Bartol Research Institute is also responsible for: (i) helping at least 1 month per year through Charles Smith in the execution of the project by making the ACE (Advanced Composition Explorer) data available in real-time for the project, helping in the exploration of the cosmic rays and ACE data for the quasi-real time forecast (5-10 hours) of the Bz (north-south component of the interplanetary magnetic field). (ii) Year 1 only: 2 months for the electrical engineer L. Shulman who will help on the planning, logistic and installation of the muon detector in Brazil. 5 (iii) Years 2 and 3 only: full-time financial support for 1 post-doc student to work in the validation of the studies, and development/improvement of the space weather forecast products at the University of Delaware. PhD, master and undergraduate students from the parties may participate in the project, as well as Professors, investigators and eventual collaborators. Concerning trips, the responsibilities of the Bartol Research Institute and the Shinshu University are: Year 1: 3 weeks trip for 1 person (K. Munakata) from Japan to Brazil, 3 weeks trip for 1 person (L. Shulman) from the United States to Brazil. These trips are for the installation of the muon detector in São Martinho da Serra. Years 2 and 3: 1 trip per year for the pos-doc student to participate in the AGU Fall Meeting (or other local conference like SHINE). 1 trip per year for interchange between United States and Japan, for scientific collaborations. The trips of the scientific, technical and administrative personnel from Brazil will be supported by the INPE/MCT and UFSM, being allowed the support from the other parties at their sole option. Concerning the Equipment and supplements of the responsibility of the Bartol Research Institute and the Shinshu University with the individual responsibilities to be agreed to by them: Year 1: 23 tons of lead to shield the detectors (it was originally underground not needing shielding), 72 amplifiers for the individual muon detector modules, and circuits for the 17 directional channels. Old amplifiers and circuits from the Sakashita detector stayed too long underground in a wet environment and need to be replaced/fixed. Transportation responsibility of the Bartol Research Institute and the Shinshu University, with the individual responsibilities to be agreed to by them, are: Year 1 only: transportation of the 72 modules from Japan to Brazil (lead will also be transported from Japan to Brazil, but the cost is small compared to the costs of the muon detector modules). Publication costs are the responsibility of the Bartol Research Institute and the Shinshu University with the individual responsibilities to be agreed to by them. Considering the list of the permanent equipment and materials to be purchased, the key components are: 6 ..50 muon detector modules (8 provided by the SSO and 42 provided by Japan) ..30 detector boxes provided as a loan by the Shinshu University to be used for future expansion ..equipment purchases conducted by the Bartol Research Institute ..electronic data acquisition to be constructed from saved units, and partially purchased by Bartol ..detector construction, to be provided by the SSO Concerning the property of the results: 1- The results, methodologies, software and technical innovations, obtained through the activities of this Memorandum of Understanding will be, equally, property of the parties. 2- Each of the parties will be able to use for its own benefit for research and development purposes, these results, methodologies, software and technical innovations, without the need of previous consult, payment of reward of the other parts. 2.1 – The coordinators will work together to define the participation in different scientific analysis, publications and possibilities of obtention of resources for the project from the disponibilization of the results to the International Community. Concerning the validity and closure: 1- This Memorandum of Understanding is valid from the date of its signature and will remain valid until December 31 st 2007, with the possibility of prorogation through written deal among the parties, however, any commitments made herein which go beyond the term of this Memorandum of Understanding shall survive. 2- This document may have its validity stopped through a deal of the majority of the parts, or stopped by any single part if there will be non- fulfillment of any of the agreements mentioned on this document, through a written notification, addressed to the other parties, 60 (sixty) days in advance, being the compromises with other partners maintained, as well as the financial compromises. 3- In case of a notification of intention of stop by the majority of the parties, the remaining work to be done will, if possible, be settled through a Closure Term of the Memorandum of Understanding, in which it should be defined the relative responsibilities to the conclusion or the extinction of the works, including the definition of the destiny of the estates, the copyrights or the property of the work done, the restrictions of use of the estates, results and methodologies, and the publication of the information already available for the parties. 4- The remaining estates in the date of conclusion or extinction of this memorandum, as well as the ones purchased, produced, transformed 7 or constructed because of it, may be donated, through a formal process, to the National Institute for Space Research – INPE, in order to assure the maintenance of the project, as well as the scientific and technological investigation in the Southern Space Observatory – SSO. 5- The responsibility of the parties concerning eventual devolution of the dean equipment, intellectual property, data property and customs, must remain valid even after the expiration or closure of this Memorandum of Understanding. 6- The parties agree that any conflict of interpretation or execution concerning this Memorandum of Understanding must be settled through a consult to all parts. 7- All the parties agree to indemnify and hold harmless the other parties including their officers and employees from any claim, damage, liability, injury, expense, or loss, including defense costs and attorney’s fees, arising out of performance under this Memorandum of Understanding or as a consequence of the existence of this Memorandum of Understanding. Accordingly, all the parties shall notify the other parties promptly in writing of any claim or action brought against them in connection with this Memorandum of Understanding. Final dispositions: 1- The parties will support all the costs concerning their obligations, including trips of the personnel and the transportation of all the equipment for which each party is responsible. 2- Each party has the responsibility to inform any person it designates about the conditions of this document, which must be accepted. 3- The personnel from any of the parts will not have any change in their previous job affiliations due to the participation in this project. 4- The publication of the acts, project, builds or services obtained through this document should include the names of all the parties. 5- Data and space weather tools developed through this project will be published in the internet Web sites. The legal representatives of the parties shall sign 12 (twelve) originals: 4 (four) in English, 4 (four) in Japanese and 4 (four) in Portuguese, all three containing the same meaning, for its legal purposes, retaining one copy of each language in possession of each party. From BARTOL RESEARCH INSTITUTE: Regan M. Walsh Project Manager Date: Local: 8 From SHINSHU UNIVERSITY: Hiroyuki Nagai Dean of Faculty of Science Date: Local: From INPE: Luiz Carlos de Moura Miranda Director Date: Local: From UFSM: Paulo Jorge Sarkis Rector Date: Local: 9
"Memorandum of Understanding in English Muon Telescope"