Computer Buff’s Guide PART III. KEYBOARD UTILIZATION VOCABULARY 1. Arrow Keys - keys used in place of the mouse to move the cursor to a new location. 2. Backspace - key which removes the text to the left of the cursor position. 3. Caps lock key - key on a keyboard that causes all letters keyed to be capital letters. 4. Character - any letter, number, or symbol typed on the keyboard. 5. Command Keys - used in conjunction with another key to carry out an operation. 6. Cut and Paste/Copy and Paste--to highlight text and move it to another location/ to highlight text, leave it where it is, and also put a copy of it in another location. 7. Data - information entered into the computer. The computer processes data. 8. Delete - to remove or erase. 9. Delete key- key which removes the text to the right of the cursor position. 10. Double space - when keying text, the act of spacing text two lines apart. 11. Enter/Return key - key on a keyboard that is used to enter information into a computer or to return the cursor to the beginning of a new line. 12. Format - the way the words look on a page. 13. Hardcopy - output from a computer that you can touch (Ex: output from a printer or plotter). 14. Home row keys - the keys on the keyboard where hands are positioned for typing. The keys are a, s, d, f, j, k, l. 15. Icons - pictures or symbols that represent work (files or programmes) behind them. 16. Insert--to add new text into already existing text without deleting previously keyed text 17. Justification - to align text either to the left/right or both margins. 18. Letter keys - keys on a keyboard which contain the letters of the alphabet. 19. Menu Bar - the line at the top of the screen that gives you your different choices. 20. Number keys - keys on a keyboard which contain the numbers 0-9. 21. Printout - output from a printer. 22. Return/Enter key - key on a keyboard that is used to enter information into a computer or to return the cursor to the beginning of a new line. 23. Scroll - to move text up and down and left and right on the screen. 24. Shift key - key on a keyboard that is used to capitalize letters when pressed with that letter key. 25. Softcopy - output from a computer that you can see or hear, but cannot touch--(Ex: output from a monitor or speaker). 26. Space bar - key on a keyboard that spaces the cursor forward one space at a time and produces a blank space when pressed. 27. Special Function Keys - keys that carry out specific things (Ex: Shift keys, Return/Enter keys, Caps Lock key). 28. Symbol key - key on a keyboard that contains a symbol. 29. Tab key - a key used to indent text in a line; can also be used to set-up columns in a document. 30. Title Bar - the line near the top of the screen that gives the name of your file. 31. Word Wrap - letting the computer decide where to end each line (typing text without pushing return/enter at the end of each line). Word Processing/Desktop Publishing Vocabulary 1. Center - to place text horizontally or vertically in the middle of a page. 2. Clip Art - picture files that can be pasted into a document. 3. Cursor - a highlighted mark (sometimes blinking) on the screen that indicates the user's location. It indicates where the next letter or character will appear when keyed. Sometimes the cursor is a special picture or icon. 4. Desktop Publishing - a computerized layout program that integrates graphics and text to produce a professional looking document. 5. Digitized effects - to change analog information into digital information that the computer can use to produce certain effects. For example, when a picture is scanned, the picture image is digitized. This means that the picture image is converted to a digital or numerical format. 6. Document - anything produced in a word processing programme. 7. Edit - to make changes to a document or other file. 8. File - a word processing document. 9. Font - a design style for a complete set of letters, numbers and symbols. 10. Grammar checker - software programme that checks for possible grammar mistakes. Suggestions or corrections are often given. 11. Graphics - pictures that can be inserted into a document. 12. Layout - the physical placement of text and graphics in a document. 13. Load - to enter a programme or file into a computer's memory. 14. Move - rearrange text in a document. 15. Retrieve - to load a previously saved file from a diskette or hard drive. 16. Save--to store a file on diskette or hard drive for future use 17. Scanner - a peripheral device that converts text or pictures into bit-mapped data that is put into a computer. The digitized images can then be edited. 18. Spell Checker - part of a word processing programme that uses a disk-based dictionary to check and correct misspellings in documents. 19. Thesaurus - a tool that helps you find words with similar meanings. 20. Toolbox - a collection of drawing and painting tools. 21. Word Processing - a computerized method of writing, editing, saving, and printing text. Sony has announced its own computer operating system now available on its Vaio PC. Instead of producing the cryptic error messages characteristic of Microsoft's Windows and DOS systems, Sony's chairman Asai Tawara said, "We intend to capture the high ground by putting a human, Japanese face on what has been, until now, an operating system that reflects Western cultural hegemony. For example, we have replaced the impersonal and unhelpful Microsoft error messages with our own Japanese haiku poetry." The chairman went on to give examples of Sony's new error messages: A file that big? . . . It might be very useful . . . But now it is gone. You seek a Web site . . . It cannot be located . . . Countless more exist. Chaos reigns within . . . Stop, reflect, and reboot . . . Order shall return. Yesterday it worked . . . Today it is not working . . . Windows is like that. A crash reduces . . . Your expensive computer . . . To a simple stone. Three things are certain . . . Death, taxes, and lost data . . . Guess which has occurred. Stay the patient course . . . Of little worth is your ire . . . The network is down. Having been erased, . . . The documents you are seeking . . . Must now be retyped. The computer haiku messages are just as informative as Microsoft's and they make you pause just ; long enough that you're able to fight the impulse to put a fist through the screen.