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					                   Durable Solutions In Practice


                     WORKSHOP II
Reception of Quota Refugees and Cultural Orientation Training




                      The Czech perspective

                        Evsen Divis, RFA
                      Nicolien Rengers, COA
       Questions and topics discussed in the
                   workshop


      •    Model of reception system
      •    Special infrastructure for quota refugees
      •    Cultural orientation training
      •    Role of NGO´s
      •    Czech perspective



January 16-18, 2008            DSIP Workshops          2
                            Prague, Czech Republic
                      Model of reception system

Centralized:

•   refugees stay in a reception centre (incl. all facilities) for a
    certain period of time before
•   Moving on to permanent housing in municipalities
•   integration services concentrated in the centre and
    coordinated by a state agency which runs the centre




January 16-18, 2008             DSIP Workshops                         3
                             Prague, Czech Republic
                      Model of reception system

Decentralized:
• Move refugees directly to flats in municipalities
  immediately after their arrival at the country of
  resettlement
• stronger involvement of municipalities and NGO´s

Strong requirements in both models:
• availability of housing
• availablity of Integration Services


January 16-18, 2008             DSIP Workshops        4
                             Prague, Czech Republic
                        Model of reception system


Either way it should go together with involvement of:

        • The municipalities (housing, integration assistance,
        language training)

        • Capable NGO’s (integration assistance)

        • Private sector


  January 16-18, 2008             DSIP Workshops                 5
                               Prague, Czech Republic
                      Model of reception system


Solution recommended for the Czech Republic:

• Centralized system with a length of stay strictly limited to a
maximum of 6 months (i. e. combination of both models)
• Amendment of the State Integration Program so that it will be
able to provide enough housing opportunities
• Stronger involvement of municipalities




January 16-18, 2008             DSIP Workshops                6
                             Prague, Czech Republic
         Special reception system for invited
                      refugees?

Alternatives:
1) One single reception system for both groups
• invited refugees received together with „procedure“ refugees
• common reception facility
• same integration services for both groups of clients

2) Special reception infrastructure for invited refugees
• invited refugees treated separately from other categories
• special reception facility for invited refugees
• specific integration services

January 16-18, 2008        DSIP Workshops                     7
                        Prague, Czech Republic
         Special reception system for invited
                        refugees?

Special reception infrastructure for invited refugees

1) Positives:
• prevention of potential tensions among various groups of clients
• integration services tailored according to the specific needs of invited
   refugees (intensive language training from the beginning, detailed
   cultural orientation training)
• specialized staff

2) Consideration:
• Invited- and procedure refugees should receive equal treatment, since
    they constitute one single legal category

January 16-18, 2008             DSIP Workshops                               8
                             Prague, Czech Republic
         Special reception system for invited
                      refugees?

Recommendation for the Czech Republic:

•   Special reception infrastructure for invited refugees
•   Separate reception facility
•   Equal quality of treatment of the two groups of refugees:
    services (language, orientation training) fit according to the
    specific needs of invited refugees, but in the standard
    comparable to that of procedure refugees



January 16-18, 2008         DSIP Workshops                       9
                         Prague, Czech Republic
               Cultural Orientation Training

Dutch model - cultural orientation is given prior to
departure to country of destination:

• People have the necessary information before they arrive
  in the resettlement country
• Possibility to manage their expectations
• They can build up helpful contacts within the group
• Collection of information necessary for subsequent social
  work

January 16-18, 2008        DSIP Workshops                     10
                        Prague, Czech Republic
               Cultural Orientation Training


Czech present practice (case of the Uzbek group) – post
arrival cultural orientation:

• Cheaper, less demanding in organizational terms
• Less effective than the Dutch model
• Unrealistic expectations are likely to persist



January 16-18, 2008        DSIP Workshops                 11
                        Prague, Czech Republic
               Cultural Orientation Training


Recommendation for the Czech Republic:

• Introduction of pre-departure cultural orientation training
• Development of a methodology and structure of the
  training based on the experience of several resettlement
  countries




January 16-18, 2008        DSIP Workshops                       12
                        Prague, Czech Republic
                      Role of NGO´s
Recommendation for the Czech Republic:
• State – run reception centre for invited refugees
• Extensive co-operation with NGO´s in following
  resettlement activities:
  - language training,
  - social counselling and assistance,
  - orientation training
• NGO´s should be involved in preparation of a resettlement
  framework
• Responsible state agency should share necessary
  information concerning clients with co-operating NGO

January 16-18, 2008        DSIP Workshops                 13
                        Prague, Czech Republic
  General recommendations and perspectives
            for the Czech Republic

• Resettlement activities can start with about 50 refugees per year & slowly
expand
• Time spent in reception centre no longer than 4-6 months
• Amendment of the State Integration Programm
• Deeper involvement of NGO´s
• More intensive participation of municipalities - start with a
  twinning pilot project for a few municipalities
• Involve the private sector
• Promote public awareness
• Regular evaluations with all people and organizations involved
                      .... and finally:



         ~ Resettlement is durable ~



January 16-18, 2008        DSIP Workshops        15
                        Prague, Czech Republic

				
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