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Food Law and Legislation in Jordan

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Food Law and Legislation in Jordan Powered By Docstoc
					Background
Jordanian Food Official Sector
Food control System
Food Safety- Current Situation
Food Legislations and Legislations Enacting
Food Law
JFDA Act
Food Inspection System
Imported Food Control




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Outbreaks, Food Related Crises, A Scandal or
Catastrophe Occur.
Market Requirements (WTO).
New Technology in Food Science & Food Production/
Scientific development (metrology)
National / International Legislation
Globalization of Problems and Solutions
Increase of Consumer Awareness and Interest in
Food Hygiene and Food Quality.




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   The craftsmanship and profession law no 16 of
    1953 and the relevant revision “MMA”.
   Public Health Law, Act 21/1971, Chapter 16, Food
    & Drug “MoH”.
   The Law no 54 of the year 2002: to replace law no.
    21/ 1971 where food safety and control related
    parts were removed.
   The current food control regime in Jordan falls
    under two laws: Agriculture Law No. 44 of 2002
    and Jordanian Food Control Law 79/2001.


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   After enforcement of food control law 79/2001,
    and in the case of any discrepancies/ conflicts
    between the 16/1953 and 79/2001 ,the
    79/2001must prevail, and those in 16/1953
    considered as cancelled.
   Enforcement of food law is under the umbrella of
    MoH until April 2003, JFDA was in charged by law
    to held these responsibilities.




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The Jordanian food sector is governed by multi-
official authorities:
1.MoH/ JFDA; responsible according to the Food law
no. 79/2001 and Public Health Law no. 54/2002.
Departments involved:
Food Control,

Disease Control,

Health Safety Education,

Food laboratories,

border control committees and

District Health Directorates



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2. Ministry of Agriculture according to the
   Agriculture law no. 44/2002.
  Departments involved:
    Veterinary,

    Plant protection,

    Pesticide residues center,

    Veterinary laboratories and

    border agricultural centres).




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3. Ministry of Industry and Trade

          Registration and licensing.
4. Jordanian Institute of Standards and Metrology
   according to their JISM Law no. 22/2000.

5. Ministry of Municipalities according to Municipal law
   and Slaughterhouses by-law no.1/1985

         Public health,
         Slaughterhouse,
         Food and Meat laboratories.

6. Aqaba Special Economic Zone (ASEZA)

         Directorate of Health and Food Control.
         Ben Hayyan- Aqaba International Laboratories
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To Develop a Food Control System the following criteria
must be Established, Implemented, and Maintained:
 Reliable food legislations and up-to-date valid
 standards and rules.
 Successful food safety strategy requires the integration
 and co-ordination of food controls and Centralized
 general administration to lay food control policies and
 regulations, and supervise the implementation and of
 these policies and regulations.
 Bodies for enforcement of active legislations.
 Suitable laboratories services to support the food
 control activities.

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                                            9   30/12/2008
   Jordan is a member in the World Trade Organization
    WTO (April 2000), and international standard setting
    bodies(Codex Alimentarius, Word Organization for
    Animal Health, and International Plant Protection
    Convention, and ISO).
   Jordan have developed modern food control systems
    based on risk management to monitor and control the
    safety of domestically produced and imported food.
   Jordan has established a food and drug authority, Law
    31/2003.
   Acting on assuring well-functioning foodborne
    surveillance systems and reporting mechanisms.
   Jordan has embark on unifying food safety activities
    from farm to fork.


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   Reliability of food safety agencies
   Harmonization of Food laws (new proposal 2007).
   New technologies (currently for additives, GMO’s
    are to follow).
   The followings are emerging:
       Traceability
       Animal Cloning
       Nanotechnology
       Irradiation



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As a member of the WTO, Jordan has accepted the
responsibility of the terms of Membership.
This means that the measures imposed in
protecting the public health against hazards
associated with food from imported sources must
not be trade restrictive, arbitrary, or disguised
technical barriers to trade.
Measures are also to be scientifically justified using
risk assessment methods acceptable at the
international level


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   Food legislations in Jordan have been updated to reflect
    current developments and requirements.
   Food regulations in Jordan classified into:
        National
        Codex Alimentarius
        Countries exported to.
   The basic legislation that regulates food control in
    Jordan is The National Food Law no.79/2001.
   According to the food law, JFDA is the responsible
    official agency entrusted to regulate and supervise food
    control activities in Jordan.


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   A number of enabling food regulations is available,
    among the most important are:
        Regulations for the Transport, Storage and
         Display of food products;
        Sampling Plans for Imported Food;
        Regulations for the Licensing of Food Plants.
   Other legislations related to food safety include
    “Agriculture Law” which identifies the role of the
    MoA in the areas of animal health, plant health,
    and the use of pesticides, feed, fertilizers and
    growth promoters.


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Food Rules and Standards;
Available are more than 300 food standards and technical
regulations issued by JISM in cooperation with other official
concerned agencies. Most of these standards are Codex-
based, ISO methods also adopted.

Labelling Requirements;

 Labeling and marking requirements issued by the JISM.
 Legal requirements for labeling are fairly standard
  although a statement of ingredients in order of
  preponderance is not required.
 All labels must either be in Arabic or have a stick-on label
  in Arabic.


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Labelling Requirements; cont.
 In general, the label should contain the name of the
  products, the manufacturer’s name and address, net
  weight, fortifying matter, lot number and “use
  before” or “best before” date.
 Local labeling requirements do not include
  Recommended Daily Intake (RDIs).
 Shelf life: The requirement of shelf life become as
  the -“Best Before”- standard.
 Requirements Specific to Nutritional Labeling is
  mandatory in certain categories of food such as
  infant formula, …etc.

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Packaging And Container Regulations
    No restrictions are applied to either packaging
      or container type.
    No specific restrictions are applied on the type
      of packaging used.
Food Additive Regulations
    Regulated by JISM and JFDA.
    In general, permissible additives and their
      concentrations are those approved by the CAC.
    The technical standards for foods contain
      specific lists for food additive and their
      permissible levels of use.



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Pesticide And Other Contaminates

     There is a laboratory capabilities for testing
      pesticide residue, MoA, ASEZA and (RSS)
     The technical standards for food and agricultural
      products require that pesticide residues not
      exceed the recommended maximum residue levels
      of the CAC.
     Pesticides used in Jordan must be approved for use
      and registered/ Pesticides Registration Committee
      MoA.
     Anyone who attempts to import unregistered
      pesticides is subject to civil penalties.


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Other Specific Standards for Imported Food
   All imported foods should conform to the Jordanian
    standards issued by (JISM).
   All agricultural products may be imported by the
    private sector (with the exception of wheat and
    barley) if the products meet local quality standards,
    which are set by JISM on the basis of the CAC.
   In 2003, JISM instituted a pre-shipment inspection
    program, which is entirely voluntary for food
    importers.
   Import licenses are not required for most imported
    goods.


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Other Specific Standards for Imported Food
 Products require prior approval from MoA to insure that these
  products meet local health standards:
       fresh, chilled and frozen meat and
       frozen animal semen and
       powdered milk for adults and babies.
   Products require prior approval from MoA and MoI&T: special flour
    and powdered milk for manufacturing purposes.
   Importation of rice, sugar, and wheat derivatives has been
    liberalized. The private sector may import these items into Jordan if
    prevailing customs duties and taxes are paid and the product meets
    local quality standards.
   Alcoholic beverages may be imported into Jordan but high tariffs are
    applied (50-180%) – as a revenue source for the government


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Laws
1.All laws issued through Legislation and Opinion Bureau, based on
  Jordanian Constitution, and with coordination of Council of
  Ministers.
2.Prime minister declare his convocation on passing proposed/draft
  law (as project) submitted to the House of Representatives.
3.House of Representatives passes or rejects or amends the project.
4.When passed, the project is submitted to Senates (Assembly of
  Notables’).
5.When passed its obligatory to be submitted to bicameral Jordanian
  National Assembly (if officially held, other wise the law may passed
  through the council of ministers considered to be interim law (the
  same powerful of law).
6.The H.M. the King signs and executes all laws and they are
  enforced according to a Royal Decree.


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Regulations

1. Regulations issued through Legislation and Opinion
   Bureau, based on Jordanian Constitution, and with
   coordination of Council of Ministers.
2. Council of Ministers prepares and enacts the
   regulations. Regulations’ projects prepared by
   Legislation and Opinion Bureau then passes and
   submits the project to Council of Ministers.
3. House of Representatives do not involve.
4. The H.M. the King signs and executes all regulations
   and enforced according to His Royal Decree.
5. Regulations effectively enforced after 30 days of
   publishing on the official journal.


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Instructions
1.All instructions are issued through and by Council of
  Ministers or related Ministry.
2.Instructions are issued to enact article or more of Law
  articles, and they are enforced directly after their publishing
  in the official journal.
3.Bicameral Jordanian National Assembly has nothing to do
  with instructions.




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Food Rules and Standards
JISM is the official body for the preparation and publication of
Jordanian Standards.
The main tasks of JISM are to
1.   prepare, approve, revise and amend Jordanian mandatory or
     voluntary standards and monitor their application; this is
     performed by a technical committee related to food item, 75% of
     votes is needed to accept the standard.
2.   Maintain a national system for metrology and supervise its
     implementation;
3.   Approve quality marks and certificates of conformity;
4.   Adopt and approve standards of other countries and of Arab,
     regional and international organizations, provided that such
     standards were issued in Arabic or English; and
5.   To cooperate and coordinate with Arab, regional and international
     institutions in the area of standardization and metrology.


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Objectives of Food Law:
   To pursue/ overtake the assurance of a high level protection
    of human life and health.
   It establishes the general principles governing food quality
    and safety at national level.
   Lays down the means to provide a strong science base,
    efficient organizational arrangements and procedures to
    strengthen decision-making in matters of food safety.
   Shall pursue the protection of consumers' interests in relation
    to food, including fair practices in food trade.
   It shall aim at the prevention of:
    Unsafe food handling
    Fraudulent or deceptive practices;
    The adulteration of food; and
    Any other practices which may mislead the consumer.



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Scope of the Law:
 Thislaw shall apply to all stages of handling of food
 during the whole food chain.
   shall not apply to primary production, products
 It
 for private domestic use or to domestic preparation,
 handling or storage of food for private
 consumption.




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Food Law 79/2001 contains 31 articles.
In consideration with the valid agricultural law, JFDA
will be the only party responsible for food
supervision and health control including suitability
for human consumption on all its handling processes
whether locally produced or imported in
coordination with any formal party concerned.
Article3.




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Article 4, lists the tasks which must be taken to
accomplish the laws’ objectives.
Articles 5-9, describe the High Committee for Food
Control, and the formation of technical committees
and their role meetings and schedules.
Articles 10- 12 describe in detail the basic
principles of preparation, approving, revising,
applying, advertising, notifying and publishing of
health regulations, method of their applications,
and JFDA effective contribution with national and
scientific parties involved in these regulation.


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Articles describe the good food, false food,
adulterated/ mislead food, food handling and
premises 15- 18.
It is the responsibility of the DG (Article 19) to
issue directives for obligating any producer or
importer of the food within the period specified by
him to carry out the following:
  Document showing the food contents.
  Details of the ways of using and utilizing food.



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Juridical articles(20, 21) describe in detail the food
control process.
Penalties in case of violation (22, 23, 24).
Role of MoH/ Minister to coordinate with other
ministries, detailed on article 25.
General rules for authorities’ delegation, articles (26-
31).




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Successful food safety strategy requires the
integration and co-ordination of food controls. As a
result of this understanding, JFDA was established
under the JFDA Act, 2003, which came into effect on
16 April 2003.
The JFDA is a statutory, independent and science-
based body, dedicated to protecting public health
and consumer interests in the area of food safety and
hygiene. It comes under the umbrella of the Minister
of Health, who chairs a board of ten members.



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Committees:
 Higher Committee of food control" – chaired by the
 Director General of the Administration that assists
 and advises the board. (17 members).
 Technical Committee: chaired by the Director of
 Food Control.
 B.S.E Committee.
 Food Additives Committee.
 Special foods Committee.


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   Under the JFDA act, 2003, the JFDA has overall
    responsibility to ensure that food legislation is
    enforced.
   This responsibility is carried out through various
    official agencies such as the Ministry of Health
    (MoH), Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), Jordan
    Institution for Standards and Metrology (JISM),
    zones free/ ASEZA and several municipalities.




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   Control of imported food in Jordan is carried out at
    the border inspection points (BIPs) under direct
    control from JFDA, while inland food inspection is
    carried out according to JFDA standards and
    procedures by 21 Health Directorates distributed
    all over the country as well as large municipalities
    (especially AMMU) within their jurisdiction.
   JFDA is essentially responsible for the enforcement
    of food law applied after the level of primary
    production rather than the law governing other
    influences on food safety such as animal health,
    animal feed or animal medicines.


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   The official agencies involved are accountable to
    JFDA for food safety enforcement activities,
    programmers and standards of work.
   In July 2003, the JFDA entered into its first
    “memorandum of understanding” with the MoH,
    which details duties and responsibilities of the MoH
    and JFDA in the area of food control.
   Other memorandums of understanding with other
    agencies are followed.




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   The memorandums of understandings outline an
    agreed level and standard of food safety activity
    that agencies perform.
   It is understood that overtime JFDA will assume
    responsibility for the functions currently residing
    with other official agencies. However, and until this
    is reached, it is essential that activities of these
    agencies are coordinated, so that any gaps or
    overlaps are eliminated.




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   Monitoring of imported food for compliance with food
    regulations is based on a risk based system. Food
    products have been classified to three categories (high,
    medium, and low risk) based on the potential health
    risk associated with each category. Based on this
    classification, levels of inspection and sampling
    operations for laboratory analysis have been identified.
   The control is conducted through the computerized
    selectivity module of the Automated System for Custom
    Data (ASYCUDA).
   RBS adopted at ASEZA Customs Center in May 2002 and
    at Amman Customs Center in January 2004.

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