AP US Government and Politics1 by stariya


									                              Advanced Placement
                           US Government and Politics
                             Teacher: Miss Giannini

Course Description- Advanced Placement United States Government and Politics is
a college level course designed to prepare students to take the Advanced Placement
examination and receive college credit. If you elect to take this course, you are expected
to take the AP exam in May as well as complete course work over the summer. AP US
Government and Politics is a one year survey of American Government and Politics
covering the Constitution, political beliefs, political parties, interest groups, institutions of
government, public policy and civil rights. The course is developed as a course with
multimedia instruction, assignments, discussions, quizzes, and tests along with emphasis
put on critical and evaluative thinking skills, essay writing, and interpretation of original
documents. It must be understood that there is extensive reading and that it must be
completed in advance of the material being covered in class. A well designed AP course
in US Government and Politics will give students an analytical perspective on
government and politics in the United States. This course includes both the study of
general concepts used to interpret US politics and the analysis of specific examples. The
course is designed to teach students something about how people behave politically, and
about the structure of the American Political system and how it functions in our pluralist
system of various individual and group interests, all promoting their own agendas as to
what they claim is important and beneficial for the country. The major purpose of this
course is to help students gain and display an understanding of American politics, and the
processes of government that helps shape public policies. Future lawyers, journalists,
politicians, public servants, and citizens can begin to develop a more sophisticated and
insightful understanding of majority rule, democracy, constitutionalism, civil liberties,
and other distinguishing characteristics of the American political system.

Prerequisite: (Good writing skills, teacher recommendation, and successful
completion of a High School Social Studies and Language Arts Class)
   1. Recommendations from current Social Studies and Language Arts teachers
   2. An average of an A or B in both current Social Studies and Language Arts
      classes- therefore, you can have a C for one or two grading periods, as long as you
      for your final grade you have an A or B.
   3. If you agree to participate in the AP Government class, you need to sign a
      contract for this class- stating that you will participate and complete this class,
      buy all the appropriate materials and take the AP exam at the end of the year.

Course Goals and/or Major Student Outcomes:
The course will prepare students take and successfully pass the College Board’s
Advanced Placement U.S. Government and Politics Exam. It will also teach the standards
set forth by the state of Ohio.
Course Objectives:
After successful completion of the course of study the student will be able to demonstrate
the following skills and knowledge.

Skill Objectives:
     Express ideas clearly in writing
     Work individually and with classmates to research political issues
     Interpret and apply data from original documents such as court cases and bills.
     Write to persuade with evidence
     Develop essay responses that include a clear, defensible thesis statement and
       supporting evidence.
     Raise and explore questions and policies, institutions, beliefs, and actions in a
       political science context.
     Evaluate secondary materials, such as a scholarly works or statistical analyses.

Knowledge Objectives:
    Explain the foundations and underpinnings of democratic government
    Demonstrate comprehension of documents essential to American government and
    Evaluate the importance of federalism in the political operation of the nation.
    Describe the nature of American political parties and their own role in the election
    Analyze the patterns of voter behavior.
    Describe the functions and workings of policy-making institutions (Congress, the
      Presidency, the Courts, and the Bureaucracy).
    Analyze the major developments in civil rights and civil liberties in America.

If this is the first AP course you have attempted you will find several differences from the
way material is presented in the standard high school curriculum. One of the differences
between college and high school classes is that high school students tend to be dependent
on classroom instruction for learning. It is not possible to cover all of the material that is
tested in class. You will have to read material on your own. Therefore, you will be tested
on material not covered in class! Much of the information that you will learn will be on
your own time, and there will be no time for in class review before tests and
examinations. To be successful, you need to develop study habits that enable you to take
personal responsibility for your own learning.

Texts and Materials for Class:
   1. Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy, by: George C. Edwards III,
      Martin P. Wattenberg and Robert L. Lineberry
   2. The American Political Dictionary: Jack C. Plano and Milton Greenberg
   3. Storm Center: The Supreme Court in American Politics, by: David M. O’Brien
   4. The Lanahan Reading in American Polity, by: Seron and Ladd
   5. 3” binder for class, used for handouts, documents, and extra readings
   6. 3-5 subject notebook
   7. Highlighters, pens (blue, black and red), and note cards.

Policy on Attendance:
         Classroom attendance is a critical component of student success. In an AP class
instruction will consists of enrichment of outside reading assignments including lecture,
classroom discussion, and student presentations. Since the curriculum is so rich, there
will be very limited time for repetition and review. When students miss instruction, they
will miss critical content that may not be presented again by other methods. Therefore,
the Columbiana Public Schools attendance policy will be strictly enforced. It is the
students responsibility to bring in an excuse. It is also the students responsibility to ask
for any missed work and make it up in prompt time. For everyday that the student misses
class, they have the same amount to make up their work. It is the students responsibility
to make up their work on their own time. If you are absent when an assignment is due,
the assignment is due the day you come back, absolutely no excuses. In an AP class, it is
strongly suggested that absenteeism is kept to a minimum at all times.

Honor Code:
        It should be understood that ALL academic work will be accomplished by
students without collusion with others. This means that all graded assignments are to be
completed independently, unless it is a collaborative project. Cheating will be dealt with
immediately and without equivocation. All written work will be the students own, with
no help from anyone else or using any materials, such as books and internet to plagiarize
your paper. Since this is a course that can determine the academic futures of those
enrolled, I cannot, and will not permit cheating to unfairly hurt the academic futures of
students or unfairly help those who cheat. Those giving and receiving information on
contents of examinations are in violation. The result for violation of the pledge is a zero
on the assignment and referral to the administrator.

Policy on Classroom Behavior:
         Students are expected to exhibit maturity, consideration and respect for others as
well as the teacher. Side conversations, calling out, and other class disruptions take
critical instructional time from other students who are working hard to mater difficult
material. Such behavior will not be tolerated, and if you cannot refrain from such
behavior you may not be ready to accept the challenge of an AP course at this time. Also,
tardiness is not an option, and will not be tolerated. You are to be in your seat when the
bell rings and stay in your seat until the bell rings to dismiss you. You should be in your
seat, with your materials out and ready to begin class before the tardy bell rings. Also, no
food or drink is allowed in class, with the exception of a bottle of water. Cell phones,
IPods, hand held video games or cd players are absolutely not allowed in class. They will
be confiscated immediately, in such a class, we have no time for unnecessary distractions.
If you chose to break any of the following rules, parents will be contacted immediately, if
the problem persists, you will receive a detention and the administration will be notified.
If unfortunately, the problem still persists, I will be forced to conduct a meeting with you,
your parents, myself, and the administration to see whether you may stay in the AP class
or not. Please read this section carefully with your parents.


   1. Grades will be determined on a total point basis. The total number of points
      earned vs. the total number of points possible. The Columbiana Exempted Village
      Local School District approved grading scale will be used in the AP class.
      However, all tests will be graded as the AP test is graded and all tests will model
      the AP test. This will help you prepare for the actual AP Exam.
   2. Projects- There will be various projects throughout the school year. Mock
      elections, mock trials, group debates, etc. All projects will be hands-on activities
      and some will require art work or extra materials.
   3. Quizzes- Because you will read much material outside of class, and the material
      will not always be covered in class, you will have quizzes over reading
      assignments, vocabulary terms, and current events.
   4. Tests- Tests will be modeled after the AP exam that you will take at the end of
      the school year. Each test will consist of multiple choice questions and essay
   5. Homework and mini assignments- Homework will be given regularly. It is your
      responsibility to turn in the assignment on time.
   6. In- Class Discussion Questions- There is a discussion question assigned for each
      chapter that designed to drive class discussion about the concurrent chapter as
      well as introduce concepts in the upcoming chapter.
   7. Writing Assignments- There will be many writing assignments given per

Course Outline:

Unit I- Constitutional Underpinnings
3 weeks- August 25th - September 15th/17th

Lineberry- Chapter 1 Introducing Government in America
Reading- Second Treatise, Of Civil Government- John Locke
The American Political Dictionary- Chapter 1
Reading- Common Sense- Thomas Paine
Lineberry- Chapter 2 The Constitution
Reading- Federalist 47, 48, 51
Seron and Ladd- The Lanahan Readings in American Polity 9, 11, 14, 19, 23, 24
The American Political Dictionary- Chapter 2
Lineberry- Chapter 3 Federalism
Reading- Federalist 16, 17, 39, 44
Reading- McCulloch v. Maryland
Reading- United States v Morrison
Reading- Documents- Declaration of Independence
Reading- Documents-The English Bill of Rights
Reading- Documents- Magna Carta
Reading- Documents- The Bill of Rights
   1. American Democracy-
          a. The Nature of Governments
          b. Theories of Democracy
          c. The Policy Making Cycle
          d. Political Socialization
   2. English Traditions-
          a. English Documents
          b. The Enlightenment Philosophies
   3. American Documents-
          a. American Documents from the Revolution- Thomas Paine and The
             Declaration of Independence
          b. Constitution Building- Articles of Confederation, Annapolis/Philadelphia
             Conventions, The Founding Fathers
          c. The Constitution- Necessary and Proper Clause, National Supremacy,
             Amending the Constitution, Ratification
          d. The Bill of Rights- The Purpose and Intent of the founders, Rights with
             the Constitution, the Amendments
   4. American Federalism-
          a. Separation between National and State Powers
          b. Federalist Papers
          c. The 10th Amendment and Federalism
          d. Fiscal Federalism

Unit II- Political Beliefs and Political Behaviors and Political Parties,
Interest Groups and Media
8 weeks September 17th-November 12th
** October 23rd - End of 1st Grading Period
* Possible Mock Election

Lineberry- Chapter 5- Public Opinion and Political Action
Lineberry- Chapter 8- Campaigns and Voting Behavior
Seron and Ladd- The Lanahan Readings in American Polity, 4, 5, and 48
Reading- Buckley v. Valeo
Reading- Storm Center, The Supreme Court in American Politics, by David M. O’Brien
Current Event Journaling- Time, US News, Newsweek, National Review, Christian
Science Monitor (Hard copies and Internet searching)
Lineberry- Chapter 7- Political Parties
Lineberry- Chapter 9- Interest Groups
Lineberry- Chapter 6- The Mass Media and the Political Agenda
Reading- California Democratic Party et al. V. Jones, Secretary of State of California, et
Court of the United States, 2000
Seron and Ladd- The Lanahan Readings in American Polity, 54, 58, 59, 61, 63, 65, 66,
69, and 70
Reading- Report of the Committee of Political Parties, American Political Science
Association, Toward a More Responsible Two Party System
The American Political Dictionary- Chapter 3
Reading- Federalist, 10
Reading- Storm Center, The Supreme Court in American Politics- page 308-313
    1. Voting Behavior-
           a. Demographics of Voters, age, gender, socio-economics, education, race
    2. Intensity of Voters-
           a. Intensity
           b. Saliency
           c. Consensus vs. Polarization
    3. Elections- Financial Participation in elections
           a. Election Costs vs. Contributions
           b. Interest Groups and PACs
           c. Campaign Finance Reform
           d. Congressional and Presidential Political Elections
    4. Political Parties-
           a. Federalists and Republicans
           b. National Republicans and Democrats
           c. The Whigs
           d. The Republican Party
           e. 3rd Parties
    5. Party Function and Structure-
           a. Functions of Parties
           b. Organization of Parties and State and National Level
    6. Party Identification-
           a. Factors that lead to Party Identification
           b. Realignment and Dealignment

UNIT III- Congress, The Presidency, Bureaucracy, Federal Courts
12 weeks- November 13th – (November 25th-30th: No School)
         (December 23rd- January 3rd: No School) February 12th
** January 15th - End of 2nd Grading Period
* January 18th- No School
* Mock Trial- Time permitting

Lineberry 10- The Congress
Lineberry 11- The Presidency
Lineberry 12- The Federal Bureaucracy
Lineberry 13- The Federal Courts
Lineberry 14- The Congress, the President, and the Budget, The Politics of Taxing and
The American Political Dictionary- Chapter 4, 5, 6, and 7
Seron and Ladd- The Lanahan Readings in American Polity-29, 30, 33, 35, 38, 40, 43,
44, 45, 72, 73,
Reading- Storm Center, The Supreme Court in American Politics- David M. O’Brien
Reading- Federalist Papers, 53, 56, 57, 58, 62, 63, 70, and 78
Current Event Journaling- Time, US News, Newsweek, National Review, Christian
Science Monitor (Hard copies and Internet searching)
Reading- Congress Without Cohabitation: The Democrats' Morning-After- Article
Reading- Congress-Bashing for Beginners
Reading- Congress: The Electoral Connection- David Mayhew
Reading-Youngstown Sheet and Tube Co. v Sawyer 343 U.S. 579 (1952)
Reading- United States v Curtiss-Wright Export Corporation 343 304 (1936)
Reading- Bush v Gore United States Supreme Court (2000)
Reading- Marburry v Madison 1 Cranch 137 (1803)
Reading- James David Barber- The Presidential Character
Reading- Nelson W. Polsby- American Presidential Elections: The Last One and the Next
One, article
Reading- Justice Sandra Day O’Conner- Constitutional Liberty and the Right to Abortion
Reading- Justice Antonin Scalia, Liberty and Abortion: A Strict Constructionist’s View
Reading- the following court cases:
            a. Brown v Board of Education
            b. Gideon v Wainwright
            c. Miranda v Arizona
            d. Engle v Vitale
            e. Roe v Wade
            f. The Regents of UC v Bakke

  2. The Legislative Branch- The Structure of the House of Representatives and the
        a. Committee System
        b. Membership and Representation Issues
        c. Apportionment
        d. Leadership and Congressional Power
        e. Debate, Filibuster, and Rules
        f. Senate Committees
        g. Confirmation Proceedings
  3. The passage of A Bill-
        a. Route of a Bill though Congress
        b. The Veto Power
        c. The Power of Judicial Review in the Legislative Process
  4. The Executive Branch-
        a. The Nature of a President- The Presidential Power, the Characteristics of a
             President, and Presidential Limitations
5. Presidential Roles-
       a. Commander and Chief
       b. Chief Legislator
       c. Chief Diplomat
       d. Head of State
       e. Crisis Manager
6. Presidential Politics-
       a. Approval Ratings and Public Perception
       b. Polls and Polling
       c. Media and Press Coverage
7. The Budget-
       a. The Presidential Budget
       b. Time Table for the Budget
8. The Bureaucracy- The Nature of Bureaucracy
       a. Public Perception
       b. Bureaucratic Reform in America
9. The Cabinet
       a. The Origins of the Cabinet
       b. The Modern Cabinet
       c. The Role of the Cabinet in Presidential Decision making
10. Other Bureaucratic Bodies
       a. The Function of Agencies
       b. The Function of Commissions
       c. The Functions of Corporations
11. Checks on Bureaucracy-
       a. Presidential
       b. Congressional
       c. Judicial
12. The Judiciary- Federal Court System
       a. District Courts
       b. Appeal Courts
       c. Specialized “Legislative Courts”
13. The Historical Supreme Court
       a. John Marchall
       b. Roger Taney
       c. Earl Warren
       d. Warren Burger
14. The Courts Nature-
       a. Activism and Restraint
       b. Loose Constructivism and Strict Constructivism
       c. Conservative and Liberal
15. The Modern Court
       a. It’s members
       b. The Process of Selection
       c. The Court and Politics: When is an issue a Political issue?
16. Modern Court Cases that Changed the Nation-
          a.   Brown v Board of Education
          b.   Gideon v Wainwright
          c.   Miranda v Arizona
          d.   Engle v Vitale
          e.   Roe v Wade
          f.   The Regents of UC v Bakke

Unit IV: Public Policy
3 weeks- February 16th – March 12th
*February 12th and 15th- No School

Lineberry- Chapter 15- Social Welfare Policymaking
Lineberry- Chapter 16- National Security Policymaking
The American Political Dictionary- Chapter 9, 10, 11, and 12
Seron and Ladd- The Lanahan Readings in American Polity- Chapters 15 and 16-
Current Event Journaling- Time, US News, Newsweek, National Review, Christian
Science Monitor (Hard copies and Internet searching)
    1. Policymaking in a federal system
    2. The formation of policy agendas
    3. The role of institutions in the enactment of policy
    4. The role of the bureaucracy and the courts in policy implantation and
    5. The linkage between policy processes and the following:
           a. Political institutions and federalism
           b. Political Parties
           c. Interest Groups
           d. Public Opinion
           e. Elections
           f. Policy Networks

Unit V: Civil Liberties/Civil Rights
3 weeks- March 15th- April 9th
*End of the 3rd nine weeks March 19th
**Spring Break- April 1st-5th

Lineberry- Chapter 4- Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Seron and Ladd- The Lanahan Readings in American Polity, 75, 77, 79, 81, 82, and 83
The American Political Dictionary- Chapter 8
Reading- Gideon v. Wainwright
Reading- Brown v. The Board of Education of Topeka Kansas
Reading- Roe v. Wade
Reading- Engle v. Vitale
Reading- The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments
Current Event Journaling- Time, US News, Newsweek, National Review, Christian
Science Monitor (Hard copies and Internet searching)
    1. Civil Liberties: The Bill of Rights Today and Civil Rights
    2. Incorporation-
          a. Rights found in the Articles of the Constitution
          b. Selective Incorporation
    3. Religion and Government
          a. Wall of Separation
          b. Engle v. Vitale
    4. The 4th Amendment
          a. The Exclusionary Role
          b. Exceptions to the Rule
    5. Due Process
          a. Ashcraft v. Tennessee
          b. Miranda v. Arizona
          c. Batson v. Kentucky
    6. Civil War Amendments
          a. 13th, 14th, and 15th
          b. Due Process and Equal Protection
          c. Brown vs. BOE of Topeka Kansas
    7. Post WWII Civil Rights Legislation and Litigation
          a. Truman Era
          b. Johnson Era
          c. Affirmative Action Debate

Unit VI- AP Exam Preparation
3 weeks- April 12th – April 30th
We will have AP test reviews and preparation
** End of the Year Final Project-
May 10th-21st

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