Co Journal Book Conferen Page Publish e p Authors

Document Sample
Co Journal Book Conferen Page Publish e p Authors Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                                              Co
                                                      Journal/Book/Conferen Page( Publish
e p Authors             Title                  Date                                       Website/email
                                                                                              unt
                                                      ce                    s)    er
                                                                                              ry
                                                                                  Hampt
                                                                                  on,
                                                                                  VA:
                     Effects of combining
    Abbott, T. S.                                                                 NASA
                     vertical and horizontal
  x Nataupsky, M.                            1987     NASA TP-2783                Langle      US
                     information into a
    Steinmetz, G. G.                                                              y
                     primary flight display.
                                                                                  Resear
                                                                                  ch
                                                                                  Center


                                                      Proceedings of the
                                                      14th Triennial
                                                      Congress of the
                        MODSWAT and TLX:                                       6-      Santa
                                                      International
    Adams, C, M.,       Effect of paired                                       610     Monica
  x                                           2000    Ergonomics Association                       US
    Biers, D. W.        comparison weighting                                   to 6-   , CA:
                                                      and 44th Annual
                        and weighting context                                  613     HFES
                                                      Meeting of the Human
                                                      Factors and
                                                      Ergonomics Society.


                                                      Proceedings of the
                        Experimental analysis         1996 International
      Adams, J. A.,                                                                    Beijing
                        of the mediation      1996    Conference on                                US
                                                                                               www.cs.rit.edu/~jaa/Paper
      Paul, R.                                                                         , China
                        hierarchy theory              Systems, Man, and
                                                      Cybernetics
                                                                                       Lough
                                                      JISC Technology
                        Human-computer                                                 boroug
      Advanced VR                                     Applications
  a                     aspects of virtual     2000                                    h            UK
                                                                                              r.s.kalawsky@lboro.ac.uk
      Research Center                                 Programme (JTAP
                        environments                                                   Univer
                                                      Project 305)
                                                                                       sity
                                                      Proceedings of the          Santa
    Akerstrom-, R.      Mariner performance
                                                      38th Annual Meeting of 868- Monica
  x A., Smith, M.,      using automated        1994
                                                      the Human Factors and 871 , CA:
    W. Hoffman          navigation systems.
                                                      Ergonomics Society.         HFES

    Albert, R. W.,
    Drews, F. A.,
                        Facilitation of
    Syroid, N. D.,                                    Proceedings of the           Santa
                        anesthetic
    Strayer, D. L.,                                   45th Annual Meeting of 1264- Monica
x x                     administration during 2001                                                 US
    Agutter, J.,                                      the Human Factors and 1268 , CA:
                        simulated surgeries
    Westenskow, D.                                    Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                        with a drup display
    R., Loeb, R. G.,
    Weinger, M. B.

    Alikonis, C. R.,                                  Proceedings of the           Santa
                        Vigilance, workload,
    Warm, J. S.,                                      46th Annual Meeting of 1531- Monica
x x                     and boredom: Two       2002                                                US
    Matthews, G.,                                     the Human Factors and 1535 , CA:
                        competing models
    Dember, W. N.                                     Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                        The effects of a
      Alm, H., Nilsson, mobile telephone task          Accident Analysis and 707-
    a                                          1995
      L.                on driver behaviour in         Prevention, Vol. 27 (5) 715
                        a car


                         System delay and
                                                       Proceedings of the          Santa
                         navigational structure
    Al-Safar, J. A.,                                   47th Annual Meeting of 778- Monica
x x                      for web applications   2003                                             US
    Fulop, A.                                          the Human Factors and 781 , CA:
                         and the importance of
                                                       Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                         measuring workload.

                         Quality of life and           Pilot Scenarios and
        Amditis, A.,
x                        management of living 2002     Plans. QLRT-2000-                         EU
        Karanaslou, I.
                         resources. RESPECT.           00038

                         Etude de la fatigue
        Anthropologie
    a                    des pilotes dans le   1997                                              FR
        Appliquee
                         transport aerien


                         An empirical                  Proceedings of the            Santa
      Aretz, A. J.,
                         validation of                 40th Annual Meeting of 91-    Monica
    a Johannsen, C.,                           1996                                              US
                         subjective workload           the Human Factors and 95      , CA:
      Ober, K.
                         ratings.                      Ergonomics Society.           HFES

                                                                                     Taylor
                         A note on the validity
                                                       Theoretical Issues in         &
    a Arnet, J.          and reliability of     2002
                                                       Ergonomics Science            Francis
                         ergonomics methods.
                                                                                     .

                         Artis facta                   Artis Factuellement.
                                                                                     Paris,
        Artefact-3       instrumente ses       1998    Bulletin Aperiodique                     FR
                                                                                            www.artis-facta.com/ARTIS
                                                                                     France
                         methodes                      d'AutoPromotion



                    Interactive effects of
                                                       Proceedings of the           Santa
                    physical and mental
    Astin, A.,                                         46th Annual Meeting of 1100- Monica
x x                 workload on                2002                                              US
    Nussbaum, M. A.                                    the Human Factors and 1104 , CA:
                    subjective workload
                                                       Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                    assessment


                                                                                     Alexan
                                                                                     dria,
    Atencio, A.,         Contact                       Proceedings of the            VA:
    Turpin, T.,          analog/compressed             American Helicopter           Americ
x a                                            2002                                  an          US
                                                                                             www.vtol.org/pdf/crew-58.
    Shively, R. J.,      symbology heading             Society 58th Annual
    Dowell, S.           tape assessment               Forum.                        Helicop
                                                                                     ter
                                                                                     Societ
                                                                                     y, Inc.
                                                                                       Alexan
                                                                                       dria,
                        Contact                                                        VA:
      Atencio, A.,                                      Proceedings of
                        Analog/Compressed                                              Americ
      Turpin, T.,                                       American Helicopter
                        Symbology               2002                                   an        U
      Shively, R. J.,                                   Society 58th Annual
                        HeadingTape                                                    Helicop
      Dowell, S.                                        Forum
                        Assessment                                                     ter
                                                                                       Societ
                                                                                       y, Inc.
                        Evaluating a new
    Averty, P.,         index of mental
    Athenes, S.,        workload in real ATC
  x                                                                                              FR
    Collet, C.,         situation using
    Dittmar, A.         psychophysiological
                        measures

                        Multimodal measures
                        of mental workload              Proceedings of the           Santa
    Backs, R. W.,       during dual-task                36th Annual Meeting of 1413- Monica
x x                                          1992                                                US
    Ryan, A. M.         performance:                    the Human Factors and 1417 , CA:
                        Energetic demands of            Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                        cognitive processes.

                        Metabolic and
                        cardiorespiratory
                                                        International Journal of
      Backs, R. W.,     measures of mental                                       57-
  a                                              1994   Psychophysiology,                        US
      Seljos, K. A.     effort - the effects of                                  68
                                                        16(1)
                        level of difficulty in a
                        working-memory task

                                                        Proceedings of the
                                                        14th Triennial
                        Cardiorespiratory               Congress of the
                                                                                     Santa
    Backs, R. W.,       indices of mental               International          3-89
                                                                                     Monica
x x Navidzadeh, H.      workload during         2000    Ergonomics Association to 3-             US
                                                                                     , CA:
    T., Xu, X.          simulated air traffic           and 44th Annual        92
                                                                                     HFES
                        control.                        Meeting of the Human
                                                        Factors and
                                                        Ergonomics Society.

                       Controller teamwork
                                                                                       Washin
      Bailey, L. L.,   evaluation and
                                                                                       gton,
      Broach, D.,      assessment
                                                1999    DOT/FAA/AM-99/24               DC:       US
      Thompson, R. C., methodology
                                                                                       FAA/O
      Enos, R.         (CTEAM): A scenario
                                                                                       AM
                       calibration study.

                                                                                       Colum
                                                                                       bus,
                                                        Proceedings of the
                                                                                       OH:
    Bailey, L. L.,  The TLX: One or more                11th International
a x                                      2001                                          Ohio      US
    Thompson, R. C. constructs.                         Symposium on Aviation
                                                                                       State
                                                        Psychology.
                                                                                       Univer
                                                                                       sity
                       The effects of                                                   Washin
                       performance feedback                                             gton,
       Bailey, L. L.,
                       on air traffic control 2000      DOT/FAA/AM-00/25                DC:            US
       Thompson, R. C.
                       team coordination: A                                             FAA/O
                       simulation study.                                                AM

                         Mental workload as a           PROCEEDINGS of the
                                                        Second International            Norfolk
                         function of traffic
                                                        Driving Symposium on            , VA:
       Baldwin, C. L.,   density: Comparison
a                                                       Human Factors in                Old            US
       Coyne, J. T.      of physiological,
                                                        Driver Assessment,              Domini
                         behavioral, and
                                                        Training and Vehicle            on U.
                         subjective indices
                                                        Design                                    cbaldwin@odu.edu
                         Mental workload as a
                         function of road type          Proceedings of the
                                                                                         Santa
    Baldwin, C. L.,      and visibility:                42nd Annual Meeting
                                                                                   2309- Monica
x x Freeman, F. G.,      Comparison of           1998   of the Human Factors                           US
                                                                                   2313 , CA:
    Coyne, J. T.         neurophysiological,            and Ergonomics
                                                                                         HFES
                         behavioral, and                Society.
                         subjective indices

                          An empirical
      Barnard, L., Yi, J. comparison of use-in-         International Journal of
    a S., Jacko, J. A., motion evaluation       2005    Human-Computer                            portal.acm.org
      Sears, A.           scenarios for mobile          Studies.
                          computing devices.



                         Symbology
                         development for
                                                        Proceedings of the
    Bartolone, A. P.,    general aviation                                               Santa
                                                        42nd Annual Meeting
    Hughes, M. F.,       synthetic vision                                          208- Monica
x x                                              1998   of the Human Factors                           US
    Wong, D. T.,         primary flight displays                                   212 , CA:
                                                        and Ergonomics
    Takallu, M. A.       for the approach and                                           HFES
                                                        Society.
                         missed-approach
                         modes of flight



                         The effect of display          Proceedings of the          Santa
    Basapur, S.,
                         modality on decision-          47th Annual Meeting of 558- Monica
x x Bisantz, A. M.                             2003                                                    US
                         making with                    the Human Factors and 561 , CA:
    Kesavadas, T.
                         uncertainty                    Ergonomics Society.         HFES

                         Multimodal eye-based                                           Leister
                         interaction for                                                ,
                         zoomed target                                                  Englan
x      Bates, R.                                                                                       UK
                         selection on a                                                 d: De
                         standard graphical                                             Montfo
                         user interface.                                                rt u
                                                            Proceedings of the
                            Transport pilot                                              Santa
                                                            32nd Annual Meeting
        Battiste, V., &     workload: A                                             150- Monica
x                                                  1988     of the Human Factors                        US
        Bortolussi, M. R.   comparision of two                                      154 , CA:
                                                            and Ergonomics
                            subjective techniques.                                       HFES
                                                            Society.




                          ADVISORS Evaluation
        Bauer, A., Tango,
    a                     of the Lateral Support
        F.
                          System

                                                                                           Brazil:
                                                                                           Univer
                            Avaliacao das cargas                                           sidade
                            mentais de trabalho                                            Federa        Brz
    a Baumer, M. H.                                2002                                            http://teses.eps.ufsc.br/Re
                            em pilotos da aviaco                                           l de          l
                            militar                                                        Santa
                                                                                           Catarin
                                                                                           a

                            Effects of jet engine
        Becker, A. B.
                            noise and                       International Journal of
        Warm, J. S.                                                                  49-
                            performance feedback 1995       Aviation Psychology.                        US
        Dember, W. N.                                                                62
                            on workload in a                (5)
        Hancock, P. A.
                            monitoring task

        Becker, A. B.       Effects of feedback on          Proceedings of the           Santa
        Warm, J. S.         perceived workload in           35th Annual Meeting of 1991- Monica
                                                   1991                                                 US
        Dember, W. N.       vigilance                       the Human Factors and 1994 , CA:
        Hancock, P. A.      performance.                    Ergonomics Society.          HFES

                                                                                           La
                                                                                           Grange
                                                            Proceedings of the
                                                                                           Park,
                            An Evaluation of an             Topical Meeting on
                                                                                           IL:
        Beith, B. H.,       SPDS/ERFIS Using a              Advances in Human
                                                                                    53-    Americ
a       Beith, D. M., Vail, Modified Task Load     1990     Factors Research on                         US
                                                                                    58     an
        R. E., et al        Index Technique (M-             Man/Computer
                                                                                           Nuclea
                            TLX)                            Interactions: Nuclear
                                                                                           r
                                                            and Beyond
                                                                                           Societ
                                                                                           y
        Bertram, D. A.
        Opila, D. A.        Measuring physician
        Brown, J. L.        mental workload -
                                                                                    95-
        Gallagher, S. J.    reliability and validity 1992   Medical Care, 30 (2)                        US
                                                                                    104
        Schifeling, R. W.   assessment of a brief
        Snow, I. S.         instrument
        Hershey, C. O.
                        A measure of
      Bertram, D. A.
                        physician mental
      Hershey, C. O.                                                              458-
    a                   workload in internal-     1990   Medical Care, 28 (5)                        US
      Opila, D. A.                                                                467
                        medicine ambulatory
      Quirin, O.
                        care clinics
                        Analytical modeling
                        and experimental-
                        study of human                   International Journal of
        Bi, S. X.,      workload in                                               205-
    a                                             1994   Human Factors in                            US
        Salvendy, G.    scheduling of                                             234
                                                         Manufacturing, 4(2)
                        advanced
                        manufacturing
                        systems
                        The Influence of
    Bias, R. G.,                                         Proceedings of the          Santa
                        Microsoft's
    Williams, J. P.,                                     49th Annual Meeting of 642- Monica
x x                     ClearType® on             2005                                               US
    Chung, D.-Y.,                                        the Human Factors and 645 , CA:
                        Programmer
    Burns, S. A.                                         Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                        Productivity
                                                                                         Leicest
                                                                                         er,
                        Experimental
                                                                                         Englan
                        determination of                 HCI Research Group,
        Bierton, R.,                                                                     d: De
x x                     optimal scales for               Department of                                 UK
                                                                                                 http://www.cse.dmu.ac.uk
        Bates, R.                                                                        Monrfo
                        usability                        Computing Science
                                                                                         rt
                        questionnaire design
                                                                                         Univer
                                                                                         sity
        Bittner,A.V.,
                        Generic workload                 Proceedings of the           Santa
        Byers,J.C.,
                        ratings of a mobile air          33rd Annual Meeting of 1476- Monica
x       Hill,S.G.,                                                                                   US
                        defense system (LOS-             the Human Factors and 1480 , CA:
        Zaklad,A.L. y
                        FH).                             Ergonomics Society.          HFES
        Christ,R.E.
                        Behavioral                                                       Taylor
                        implications of alarm                                            &
    a Bliss, J. P.                             2000      Ergonomics, 43
                        mistrust as a function                                           Francis
                        of task workload.                                                .

                                                         Proceedings of the           Santa
                        Validity of the
    Boles, D. B.,                                        45th Annual Meeting of 1795- Monica
x x                     multiple resources        2001                                             US
                                                                                             http://members.aol.com/D
    Adair, L. P.                                         the Human Factors and 1799 , CA:
                        questionnaire (MRQ)
                                                         Ergonomics Society.          HFES

                                                         Proceedings of the              Santa
                        The multiple
    Boles, D. B.,                                        45th Annual Meeting of          Monica
x x                     resources                 2001                                             US
                                                                                                members.aol.com/DBBoles
    Adair, L. P.                                         the Human Factors and           , CA:
                        questionnaire (MRQ)
                                                         Ergonomics Society.             HFES
                                                         Proceedings of the
    Bolia, R. S.,       Evaluating the utility                                           Santa
                                                         42nd Annual Meeting
    Nelson, W. T.,      of a multi-layer visual                                   21-    Monica
x x                                             1998     of the Human Factors                        US
    Middendorf, M.      display for air battle                                    25     , CA:
                                                         and Ergonomics
    S,                  managers.                                                        HFES
                                                         Society.
                                                                                          Colum
                         Paired approach: A              Proceedings of the               bus,
      Bone, R. S.,                                                                        OH:
                         closely spaced parallel         11th International
    x Olmos, B. O.,                              2001                                     Ohio          US
                         runway approach                 Symposium on Aviation
      Mundra, A.                                                                          State
                         concept.                        Psychology.
                                                                                          Univer
                                                                                          sity
                                                                                          Colum
                         The benefits and costs          Proceedings of the 5th           bus,
      Bortolussi, M. R., of automation in                International                    OH:
    x                                           1989                                      Ohio          US
      Vidulich, M. A.    advanced helicopters:           Symposium on Aviation
                         An empirical study              Psychology.                      State
                                                                                          Univer
                                                                                          sity
                         The effects of speech                                            Colum
                         controls on                     Proceedings of the 6th           bus,
      Bortolussi, M. R., performance in                  International                    OH:
    x                                             1991                                    Ohio          US
      Vidulich, M. A.    advanced helicopters            Symposium on Aviation
                         in a double                     Psychology.                      State
                         stimulation paradigm                                             Univer
                                                                                          sity
                         Application of the
      Bowles, D. B.,                                     Proceedings of the           Santa
                         multiple resources
      Phillips, J. B.,                                   48th Annual Meeting of 1968- Monica
    x                    questionnaire (MRQ)      2004                                                  US
      Perdelwitz, J. R.,                                 the Human Factors and 1972 , CA:
                         to a complex gaming
      Bursk, J. H.                                       Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                         environment.

                          Aircrew perceived
       Bowles, S.,        stress: Examining              Aviation Space and
                                                                                  1093-
a      Ursin, H., Picano, crew performance,       2000   Environmental                                  US
                                                                                  1097
       J.                 crew position, and             Medicine, 71(11)
                          captain's personality
      Bowers, C.,
      Salas, E.,         Combat readiness and
                                                                                          Orland
                         stress: laboratory              Progress report ARO
    v Asberg, K..                             2001                                        o, FL:        US
      Burke, S..         investigations of               MURI Program
                                                                                          UCF
      Priest, H.,        teams.
      Milham, L.
                         Aircrew Perceived
       BOWLES, S.,       Stress: Examining               Aviation Space and
                                                                                  1093-
a      URSIN, H.,        Crew Performance,        2000   Environmental                                  US
                                                                                  1097
       PICANO, J.        Crew Position and               Medicine, 71(11)
                         Captain's Personality

                         Subjective Task
                         Complexity and                  International Journal of
                                                                                  261-
    a Braarud, P. O.     Subjective Workload: 2001       Cognitive Ergnonmics,                          Halden Reactor Proje
                                                                                                   OECDNO
                                                                                  273
                         Criterion Validity for          Vol. 5, No. 3
                         Complex Team Tasks
                           Subjective task               Engineering Psychology      Hamps
                           complexity and                and Cognitive          341- hire:
a      Braarud, P. O.                             2001   Ergonomics. Vol 6:                          NO
                           subjective workload in                               348 Alders
                           process control               Industrial Ergonomics,      hot
                                                         HCI, and Applied
                                                         Cognitive Psychology,
                                                         D. Harris (Ed)
                                                         Proceedings of the
                                                         14th Triennial
      Brand, J. L.,        Biodynamic,
                                                         Congress of the
      Hohne, J. J., Ku,    performance &                                               Santa
                                                         International
      Y.-T., Lee, H. C.,   preference                                           3-     Monica
    x                                             2000   Ergonomics Association                      US
      Luna, B.,            comparisons of three                                 226    , CA:
                                                         and 44th Annual
      Montgomery, L.       commercially                                                HFES
                                                         Meeting of the Human
      D.                   available chairs.
                                                         Factors and
                                                         Ergonomics Society.

                           Presenting symantic           Personal and               ACM
       Brewster S. A.,                                                         209-
                           information on mobile 2000    Ubiquitous Computing,                    UK
                                                                                    Digital http://portal.acm.org/citati
       Murray R.                                                               212
                           computers.                    4(4)                       Library


                                                                                       NJ:
                                                                                       Lawren
                           Sound in the interface        Proceedings of HCI     43-
       Brewster, S. A.                            1999                                 ce         UK
                                                                                              www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/~stephe
                           to a mobile computer          International '99      47
                                                                                       Erlbau
                                                                                       m

                                                                                    London
                                                                                    ,
                           Overcoming the lack           Personal and               Englan
                                                                               188-
    x Brewster, S. A.      of screen space on     2002   Ubiquitous Computing,      d:           UK
                                                                                           http://www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/~
                                                                               205
                           mobile computers.             6.                         Spring
                                                                                    er-
                                                                                    Verlag


                           Using non-speech              ACM Transactions on
                                                                                224-
    x Brewster, S. A.      sound to overcome      1998   Computer-Human                               UK
                                                                                                http://www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/~
                                                                                259
                           information overload          Interaction, 5(2)


                                                                                     Glasgo
                                                                                     w,
                                                                                     Scotla
                         Correcting menu                 Behaviour and
       Brewster, S. A..,                                                        165- nd:
x x                      usability problems       1999   Information                               UK
                                                                                             http://www,animatedmenu
       Crease, M. G.                                                            177 Univer
                         with sound.                     Technology 18(3)
                                                                                     sity of
                                                                                     Glasgo
                                                                                     w
                         Demonstrating a
    Brill, C. J.,        methodology for                Proceedings of the          Santa
    Mouloua, M.,         assessing cognitive            47th Annual Meeting of 852- Monica
x x                                             2003                                             US
                                                                                           http://www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/~
    Hancock, P. A.,      capacities across              the Human Factors and 854 , CA:
    Gilson, R. D.        sensory systems: M-            Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                         SWAP


      Brill, J. C.                                                                  Orland
      Mouloua, M.,       A multi-sensory                                            o, FL:
      Hancock. P. A.,    device and protocol                                        Univer
    v                                           2001                                             US
                                                                                            mit.ucf.edu/downloads/mu
      Kennedy, R. S.,    for online workload                                        sity of
      Gilson, R. D.,     assessment                                                 Central
      Smith, M. G.                                                                  Florida




    Brill, J. C.,                                                                   Orland
                         A multi-sensory
    Mouloua, M.,                                                                    o, FL:
                         protocol for
    Hancock. P. A.,                                                                 Univer
x x                      evaluating workload    2002    ASC2002                                 US
                                                                                            www.asc2002.com/summa
    Gilson, R. D.,                                                                  sity of
                         associated with new
    Kennedy, R. S.,                                                                 Central
                         Army technologies.
    Smith, M. G.                                                                    Florida



                         Effects of reliable and
                         unreliable automation
                         on subjective                  Proceedings of the          Santa
      Brown, R. D.       measures of mental             48th Annual Meeting of 147- Monica
    x                                            2004                                           US
      Galster, S. M.     workload, situation            the Human Factors and 151 , CA:
                         awareness, rust, and           Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                         confidence in a
                         dynamic flight task.

                                                                                    Dayton
                         Design Evaluation of           Proceedings of the          , OH:
                         Information Displays           12th International          Wayne
x     Bruce, D.                                 2003                                            US
                         in Complex Control             Symposium on Aviation       State
                         Settings                       Psychology.                 Univer
                                                                                    sity

                                                                                    Bonn:
                                                                                    Deutsc
                                                                                    he
                                                        Situation Awareness in      Gesells
      Bruder, C.,        Evaluation von
                                                        der Fahrzeug- und
      Leughter, S.,      situation awareness                                   319- chaft       Ge
    x                                           2002    Prozessfuhrung M.
      Schulze-Kissing,   training in der                                       338 fur          r
                                                        Grandt & K.-P. Gartner      Luft
      D., Urbas, L.      flugsicherung
                                                        (Eds)                       und
                                                                                    Raumf
                                                                                    ahrt e.
                                                                                    V.
    Burke, C. S.        A research                                                  Orland
                                                        Report for DoD
    Bowers, C.          methodology and                                             o, FL:
                                                        Multidisciplinary
    Salas, E.           initial findings:                                           Univer
x v                                              2001   University Research                      US
                                                                                            mit.ucf.edu/muri/research/
    Asberg, K.          Studying combat                                             sity of
                                                        Initiative (MURI)
    Priest, H.          readiness and stress                                        Central
                                                        program.
    Milham, L.          within teams                                                Florida



                        Introduction to human
    x Burnett, G. E.    factors: Workload and 2002      Lecture                1-19 CSiT          UK
                        stress.
                        An investigation on
                                                        IEEE-IEE Vehicle
                        the man machine
      Burnett, G. E.,                                   Navigation &           395- Ottawa
a                       interfaces to existing   1993                                             UK
      Joyner, S. M.                                     Information systems    400 , CN
                        reoute guidance
                                                        conference
                        systems
                        An empirical
                        comparison of the use
                        of distance versus
      Burnett, G. E.,   landmark information
x                                                2002                                             UK
      Porter, J. M.     within the Human-
                        Machine Interface for
                        vehicle navigation
                        systems                                                              cs.nott.ac.uk
                        The application of a            Proceedings of the
                        behavioral                                                  Santa
      Bushey, R.,                                       42nd Annual Meeting
                        categorization                                         434- Monica
    x Mauney, J. M.,                             1998   of the Human Factors                      US
                        technique in the                                       438 , CA:
      Deelman, T.                                       and Ergonomics
                        development of user                                         HFES
                                                        Society.
                        models.
                        The development of
    Bushey, R.,
                        behavior-based user
x x Mauney, J. M.,                               1999                                            US
                                                                                             www.cs.usask.ca/UM99/Pro
                        models for a
    Deelman, T.
                        computer system



    Bushey, R.,         The development of              Proceedings of the
                                                                                    Santa
    Mauney, J. M.,      user models for a               43rd Annual Meeting of 384-
x x                                              1999                               Monica        US
    Deelman, T.,        telecommunications              the Human Factors and 388
                                                                                    , CA
    Proulx, N. L.       environment.                    Ergonomics Society.
                          Pilots' workload,
                          situation awarenes,                                          Oklaho
      Bustamante, E.      and trust during                                             ma
      A., Fallon, C. K,   weather events as a            International Journal of      City,
                                                                                  347-
    x Bliss, J. P.,       function of time       2005    Applied Aviation              OK:         US
                                                                                  367
      Bailey, W. R.,      pressure, role                 Studies, 5 (2)                FAA
      Anderson, B. L.     asignment, pilots'                                           Acade
                          rank, weather display,                                       my
                          and weather system.


                          Effects of varying the
                                                         Proceedings of the
                          threshold of alarm                                            Santa
    Bustamente, E.                                       42nd Annual Meeting
                          systems and task                                        1948- Monica
x x A., Anderson, B.                             1998    of the Human Factors                      US
                          complexity on human                                     1952 , CA:
    L., Bliss, J. P.                                     and Ergonomics
                          performance and                                               HFES
                                                         Society.
                          perceived workload.

                          Traditional and raw
                                                                                     Taylor
       Byers, J. C.,      task load index (TLX)          Advances in industrial
                                                                                481- &
a      Bittner, A. C.,    correlations: Are       1989   ergonomics and safety.                    US
                                                                                485. Francis
       Hill, S. G.        paired comparisons             A. Mital (Ed.
                                                                                     .
                          necessary?

                                                         Proceedings of the
                                                         14th Triennial
                                                         Congress of the
    Cabon, P.,            Measurement of                                          3-      Santa
                                                         International
    Farbos, B.,           adaptation to an                                        212     Monica
x x                                               2000   Ergonomics Association                    FR
    Mollard, R.,          unfamiliar ATC                                          to 3-   , CA:
                                                         and 44th Annual
    David, H.             interface                                               215     HFES
                                                         Meeting of the Human
                                                         Factors and
                                                         Ergonomics Society.
                          Workload and
                          Strategic Adaptation           Proceedings of the           Santa
       Caird, J. K.,
                          under                          34th Annual Meeting of 1290- Monica
a      Hancock, P. A.,                            1990                                             US
                          Transformations of             the Human Factors and 1294 , CA:
       Wade, M. G.
                          Visual-Coordinative            Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                          Mappings
                                                         Proceedings of the
                                                         14th Triennial
                          Providing                      Congress of the
                                                                                      Santa
      Campbell, R. H.,    environmental                  International          4-34
                                                                                      Monica
    x Rogers, W. A.,      support through the     2000   Ergonomics Association to 4-              US
                                                                                      , CA:
      Fisk, A. D.         use of a visual                and 44th Annual        37
                                                                                      HFES
                          channel.                       Meeting of the Human
                                                         Factors and
                                                         Ergonomics Society.
                         Designing for spatial          Proceedings of the           Santa
                         orientation in                 45th Annual Meeting of 1259- Monica
    x Cao, C. G. L.                              2001                                           CN
                         endoscopic                     the Human Factors and 1263 , CA:
                         environments.                  Ergonomics Society.          HFES


                                                                                  Lawren
                         New evaluation
                                                        Transportation Human 177- ce
a      Carsten, O. M. J. methods: Progress or 1999
                                                        Factors, 1 (2)       186 Erlbau
                         blind alley?
                                                                                  m

                         Moderation du trafic
                         par les nouvelles
                                                        Institute for Transport     Leeds:
      Carsten, O. M. J., technologies:
                                                        Studies (External           Univer
    x Comte, S. L.,      Diminution des                                                         UK
                                                        Vehicle Speed Control       sity of
      Tate, F. N.        accidents et
                                                        Project)                    Leeds
                         comportement des
                         conducteurs.


                                                                                    Dayton
                       Manipulation of pilot            Proceedings of the          , OH:
       Castano, D.,    intent under                     12th International          Wayne
x                                                2003                                           US
       Parasuraman, R. freeflight: a prelude            Symposium on Aviation       State
                       to non-so-freeflight             Psychology.                 Univer
                                                                                    sity

                      Searching for the
                                                        Proceedings of the
                      presence and absence                                           Santa
    Catanzaro, J. M.,                                   43rd Annual Meeting of 1285-
x x                   of features in       1999                                      Monica     US
    Scerbo, M. W.                                       the Human Factors and 1288
                      vigilance: The                                                 , CA
                                                        Ergonomics Society.
                      decrement process.

                         Measures of driver
                         behavior and
                                                                                    Swedis
                         cognitive workload in
                                                                                    h
      Ceci, R.,          a driving simulator
                                                                                    Nation       Sw
    x Hogman, L.,        and in real traffic   2001                                        http://ppc.uiowa.edu/drivin
                                                                                    al           e
      Patten, C.         environment -
                                                                                    Road
                         experiences from two
                                                                                    Admin
                         experimental studies
                         in Sweden


                         Simulator-based
                         mental workload                                           Suwon
       Cha, D. W., Park, assessment of the in-                                145- ,
                                               1997     IE-INTERFACES, 10 (1)                   KR
       P.                vehicle navigation                                   154 Korea:
                         system driver using                                       Ajou U
                         revision of NASA-TLX
                        The Impacts of
                                                      Proceedings of the            Santa
                        Multiple Robots and
                                                      49th Annual Meeting of        Monica
x x Chadwick, R.        Display Views: An     2005                                               US
                                                      the Human Factors and         , CA:
                        Urban Search and
                                                      Ergonomics Society.           HFES
                        Rescue Simulation

                                                                                    Hampt
                                                                                    on,
                                                                                    VA:
                                                      Presented at Annual
                                                                                    NASA
    Chamberlin, J. P.                                 Program Review for
x v                   The CoWS Experiment 2002                                                 US
                                                                                    Langle www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/a
    Latorella, K. A.                                  NASA Aviation Safety
                                                                                    y
                                                      Program
                                                                                    Resear
                                                                                    ch
                                                                                    Center



                                                                                    Toulou
                                                                                    se, FR:
                        Adapting evaluation                                         Europe
       Chater, M., de
x                       methods to                    EURISCO                       an            FR
                                                                                             chater@onecert.fr
       Brito, G.
                        aeronautics                                                 Institut
                                                                                    e for
                                                                                    cog Sc


                                                                                    Linkopi
                          The Effect of Time                                        ng,
                                                                                    Swede        Sw
a      Chen, F., Saav, J. Stress on Automatic 2001
                          Speech Recognition                                        n:           e
                          Accuracy When Using         Eurospeech 2001 -             Linkopi
                          Second Language             Scandinavia                   ng U
                                                                                    Bath,
                                                                                    Englan
                                                      People and Computers          d:
                        Evaluating mobile text
    Cockburn, A.,                                     XVII (Volume 2):              British www.cosc.canterbury.ac.nz
x x                     entry with the         2003                                             NZ
    Siresena, A.                                      Conference on Human           Compu
                        FASTAPTM keypad
                                                      Computer Interaction          ter
                                                                                    Societ
                                                                                    y

                                                                                    Santa
                        Context effects in
      Colle, H. A.                                                             591- Monica
    a                   subjective mental     1998    Human Factors (40)                         US
      Reid, G. B.                                                              600 , CA:
                        workload ratings.
                                                                                    HFES
                         The effectiveness of
                         various attitude
                                                        Proceedings of the          Santa
    Comstock, J. R.      indicator display sizes
                                                        47th Annual Meeting of 144- Monica
x x Jones, L. C.,        and extended horizon 2003                                                   US
                                                        the Human Factors and 148 , CA:
    Pope, A. T.          lines on attitude
                                                        Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                         maintenance in a part-
                         task simulation



                         In-flight testing of                                         New
                                                        Proceedings of          95-
    x Coler, C. R.       automatic speech       1984                                  York:          US
                                                        SpeechTech'84           98
                         recognition systems                                          NY


                                                                                      Hampt
                                                                                      on,
                         The multi-attribute
                                                                                      VA:
                         task battery for
                                                                                      NASA
       Comstock, R. L.   human operator
                                                1992    NASA TM-104174                Langle         US
       Arnegard, R. J.   workload and
                                                                                      y
                         strategic behavior
                                                                                      Resear
                         research.
                                                                                      ch
                                                                                      Center
       Corwin,W.H.,      Assessment of Crew
       Sandry-           Workload                                                     Wright-
       Garza,D.L.,       Measurement                                                  Patters
x      Biferno,M.H.,     methods, Techniques, 1989      WRDC-TR-89-7006               on             US
       Boucek,G.P.,      and procedures,                                              AFB,
       Logan,A.L.,       Process, Methods and                                         OH
       Jonsson,J.E.      Results
       Metalis, S.A.
                         Compaarison of the
                                                        Proceedings of the          Santa
                         P300 and other
    Coyne, J. T.,                                       47th Annual Meeting of 601- Monica
x x                      workload assessment 2003                                                    US
    Baldwin, C. L.                                      the Human Factors and 605 , CA:
                         techniques in a
                                                        Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                         simulated flight task


                                                                                      Dayton
                         Flight crew factors for        Proceedings of the            , OH:
       Crane, B.,
                         CTAS.FMS integration           12th International            Wayne
x      Prevot, T.,                               2003                                                US
                         in the terminal                Symposium on Aviation         State
       Palmer, E. A.
                         airspace.                      Psychology.                   Univer
                                                                                      sity


       CSERIAC (now      NASA-TLX (NASA Task
x                                                                                                     US
                                                                                                http://www.hf.faa.gov/Wor
       HSIAC)            Load Index)
                                                                                           Washin
                                                                                           gton,
                                                          Multiple-task                    D. C.:
a       Damos, D. (Ed)                             1991                                                  US
                                                          Performance                      Taylor
                                                                                           &
                                                                                           Francis

                                                          Proceedings of the
                                                          14th Triennial
                          Measures of                     Congress of the
                                                                                           Santa
                          stress/strain on air            International
                                                                                 6-        Monica
x x David, H.             traffic controllers in   2000   Ergonomics Association                         FR
                                                                                 680       , CA:
                          simulated air traffic           and 44th Annual
                                                                                           HFES
                          control.                        Meeting of the Human
                                                          Factors and
                                                          Ergonomics Society.

                                                          Proceedings of the
                                                          14th Triennial
                                                          Congress of the
    David, H.,                                                                     6-      Santa
                          Point-of-gaze                   International
    Mollard, R.,                                                                   666     Monica
x x                       evaluation in            2000   Ergonomics Association                         FR
    Cabon, P.,                                                                     to 6-   , CA:
                          simulated ATC                   and 44th Annual
    Farbos, B.                                                                     669     HFES
                                                          Meeting of the Human
                                                          Factors and
                                                          Ergonomics Society.
                          Estimacion de la
      de Arquer, I.,      carge mental de
    a                                              2001   NTP 544                  3-Jan                 CL
                                                                                                     www.ergonomia.cl/ntp_c_m
      Nogareda, C.        trabajo: el metodo
                          NASA TLX

                          Estres en el colctivo           Cited in Ergonomia en                          Ar
        de Arquer, I..
    a                     docente: metodologia 2001       Espanol/Biblioteca                             gnt
                                                                                                     www.ergonomia.cl/bv/ntp_
        Nogareda, C.
                          para su evaluacion              virtual                                        a


                                                                                        The
                                                                                        Nether
                          The measurement of                                            lands:
x x De Waard, D.,         driver's mental          1996   PhD Thesis                                 NE
                                                                                   1-15 Univer http://www.home.zon.be/w
                          workload                                                      sity of
                                                                                        Gronig
                                                                                        en

                        Sensory and cognitive
        Deaton, J. E.   vigilance: Effects of             Human Performance        71-
                                              1993                                                       US
        Parasuraman, R. age on performance                D109 (6)                 97
                        and mental workload.

                                                          Computer Methods and
        Delacreataz, A.   Nursing summary and                                  177-                      Sw
    a                                          1994       Programs in
        C. Frutiger, P.   experienced workload                                 183                       itz
                                                          Biomedicine, 43(3-4)
                                                                                         Moffett
                           Situation Awareness           NASA/TM-199-208795,             Field,
        DeMaio, J. Hart,
x x                        and Workload           1999   USAAMCOM-AFDD/TR-               CA:         US
        S. G.
                           Measures for SAFOR            00-A-02                         NASA-
                                                                                         ARC
    Dember, W. N.
    Warm, J. S.                                          Proceedings of the           Santa
                           The rate of gain of
                                                         37th Annual Meeting of 1388- Monica
x x Nelson, W. T.          workload in sustained 1993                                                US
    Simons, K. G.                                        the Human Factors and 1393 , CA:
                           attention.
    Hancock, P. A.                                       Ergonomics Society.          HFES
    Gluckman, J. P.
                                                                                         Manch
                                                                                         ester,
      Department of        Telegraphese (II):
                                                         Ergonomica en Espanol           UK: U
    x Computer             Evaluating telegraphic 2000                                                UK
                                                                                                http://www.cs.man.ac.uk/m
                                                         website                         of
      Science              text (COG)
                                                                                         Manch
                                                                                         ester

                           Performance analysis                                          Catalo
                           on a process control                                          nia,
        Diaz, M., Ponsa,
a                          micro-world: an                                               Spain:      SP
        P., Dalmau, I.
                           approach to mental                                            Tehcni
                           workload assessment.                                          cal U


      Dickinson, J.        Order effects and the
                                                         Applied Ergonomics,      357-
    a Byblow, W. D.        weighting process in 1993                                                 CN
                                                         24(5)                    361
      Ryan, L. A.          workload assessment




                           An investigation on
                           subjective                    Dissertation submitted
                           assessments of                to the Faculty of the
                                                                                         Blacks
        DiDomenico, A.     workload and postural         Virginia Polytechnic
    a                                            2003                                    burg,       US
        T.                 stability under               Institute and State
                                                                                         VA
                           conditions of joint           University (I&SE)
                           mental and physical
                           demands




                                                                                       Alexan
                           Procedural errors in                                        dria,
      DiNocera,
                           air traffic contro:           Aviation Space and            VA:
      Fabrizi, R.,                                                                639-
    a                      Effects of traffic     2006   Environmental                 Aerosp        IT
      Terenzi, M.                                                                 643
                           density, expertise,           Medicine, 77 (6)              ace
      Ferlazzo, F.
                           and automation.                                             medica
                                                                                       l Assn
                         Reading and
                         Searching Digital                                              Univer
      Dillon, A.,        Documents: An                                                  sity
      Kleinman, L.,      Experimental Analysis 2004                                     Station
a                                                       ASIST04                                        US
      Bias, R., Choi, G. of the Effects of                                              , TX: U
      O., Turnbull, D. Image Quality on User                                            TX
                         Performance and                                                Austin
                         Perceived Effort                                                         adillon@ischool.utexas.edu
      Ditmar, M. L. ,
                          The Effects of Image
      Warm, J. S.                                       Journal of General       309-
    a                     Quality on User        1993                                                  US
      Dember, W. N.                                     Psychology (120)         322
                          Performance and
      Hicks, D. F.
                          Perceived Effort
      Dittmar, M. L.,     Sex differences in
      Warm, J. S.,        vigilance performance         Journal of General       309-
a                                               1993                                                   US
      Dember, W. N.,      and perceived                 Psychology, 120 (3)      322
      and Ricks, D. F.    workload.

                                                        Proceedings of the              Santa
                          Expertise and
                                                        45th Annual Meeting of          Monica
?     Dominguez CO        metacognition in       2001                                                  US
                                                        the Human Factors and           , CA:
                          laparoscopy
                                                        Ergonomics Society.             HFES

    Donahoo, C.,                                        Proceedings of the           Santa
    Biers, D. W.,      Animation of pictorial           47th Annual Meeting of 1982- Monica
x x                                              2003                                                  US
    Revels, A., Quill, icons                            the Human Factors and 1986 , CA:
    L.                                                  Ergonomics Society.          HFES

                          Simulated navigation
                                                                                      Cambri
      Donderi, D. C.,     performance with
                                                                                      dge
      Mercer, R., Hong,   marine electronic             Journal of Navigation,   189-
    x                                           2004                                  Univer           CN
      M. B.,, Skinner,    chart and information         57                       202
                                                                                      sity
      D.                  display systems
                                                                                      Press.
                          (ECDIS)

    Dorneich, M.,
                                                        Proceedings of the          Santa
    Whitlow, S.,          Closing the loop of an
                                                        48th Annual Meeting of 590- Monica
x x Ververs, P. M.,       adaptive system with 2004                                                    US
                                                        the Human Factors and 594 , CA:
    Carciofini, J.,       cognitive state.
                                                        Ergonomics Society.         HFES
    Creaser, J.


                          The effects of camera
                                                        Proceedings of the           Santa
    Draper, M. H.,        control and display
                                                        45th Annual Meeting of 1872- Monica
x x Ruff, H. A.,          configurations on     2001                                                   US
                                                        the Human Factors and 1876 , CA:
    LaFleur, T.           teleoperated target
                                                        Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                          search tasks.
    Drews, F. A.,
    Syroid, N. D.,        Increasing                     Proceedings of the           Santa
    Agutter, J.,          intraoperative patient         47th Annual Meeting of 1436- Monica
x x                                              2003                                               US
    Albert, R.,           safety: Monitoring             the Human Factors and 1442 , CA:
    Westenskow, D.        drug concentrations.           Ergonomics Society.          HFES
    R., Strayer, D. L.
       Drews, F. A.,  Drug delivery as
       Syroid, N. D., control task:                                                  Santa
       Agutter, J.,   Improving                          HUMAN FACTORS , 48    85-   Monica
x                                                 2006                                              US
       Strayer, D. L.,performance in a                   (1)                   94    , CA:
       Westenskow, D. common anesthetic                                              HFES
       R.             task
                      NASA TLX Task Load
                      Index Evaluation                   DCIEM-CR-2002-048
                                                                               Proje Ontari
    Dufort, P., Reid, Program                            Canadian Defense
  a                                               2002                         ct                CN
                                                                                     o, CN: pubs.drdc-rddc.gc.ca/BASI
    L.                (Workload.exe)                     Research and
                                                                               #25 DCIEM
                      Version 2.0: User                  Development
                      Guide
                                                                                    Roskild
                                                                                    e, DK:
       Dunlop. M. D.,     Text entry on mobile
x                                                 2000                         1-18 Riso            DK
       Crossan, A. .      phones.
                                                                                    Natl
                                                                                    Lab

                                                                                     Roskild
                          Visual information                                         e, DK:
       Dunlop. M. D.,                                                                            DK
x x                       seeking on palmtop      2000   HCI2000                     Riso    www.cs.strath.ac.uk/~mdd
       Davidson, N.                                                                              UK
                          devices                                                    Natl
                                                                                     Lab



       Durso, F. T.,        Situation Awareness
a      Hackworth, C. A., as a Predictor of        1998                                              US
       Truitt, T. R., et al Performance for En
                            Route Air Traffic            Air Traffic Control
                            Controllers                  Quarterly, 6(1),



      Eberhardi, S.,
    x Reynolds, J. L.,                                                                              US
                                                                                               NextPageLive Publish
      Drury, C. G.        Effect of working
                          postures in confined
                          areas.

    Eccles, D. W.,        Visual attention in
                                                         Journal of Sports     77-                  US
x a Walsh, S. E. ,        orienteers at different 2006
                                                         Sciences, 24 (1)      87                   UK
    Ingledew, D. K.       levels of experience
                                                                                      Washin
        Eggemeier, F.                                                                 gton,
                          Workload assessment              Multiple Task
        Wilson, G.                                                               207- DC:
                          in multi-task       1991         Performance. D.                           US
        Kramer, A.                                                               216 Taylor
                          environments.                    Damos (Ed)                 &
        Damos, D.
                                                                                      Francis
                                                                                      Ltd.
                          NASA research for
                          instrument
        Elliott, D. M.,
    x                     approaches to closely 2000       AIAA                         AIAA         US
                                                                                                d.m.elliott@larc.nasa.gov
        Perry, R. B.
                          spaced parallel
                          runways.

                          Situation awareness,
x       Endsley, M. R.    automation & free       1997                                               US
                          flight.



        Endsley, M. R.,   A study using
v v                                               2003     Presentation.         1-12               US
                                                                                                www.vuse.vanderbilt.edu/~
        Kaber, D. B.      Multitask.



                          Level of automation
                          effects on                                                  Taylor
      Endsley, M. R.,     performance,                                           462- &
    x                                           1999       Ergonomics, 42 (3)                        US
      Kaber, D. B.        situation awareness,                                   492 Francis
                          and workload in a                                           .
                          dynamic control task.

                          The out-of-the-loop                                         Santa
    Endsley, M. R.,       performance problem                                    381- Monica
a a                                               1995     Human Factors, 37 (2)                     US
    Kris, E. O.           and level of control in                                394 , CA:
                          automation                                                  HFES

                          Distribution of
                          attention, situation
                          awareness, and
        Endsley, M. R., & workload in a passive            Air Traffic Control   21-
                                                    1998                                              US
                                                                                                http://www.satechnologies
        Rodgers, M. D.    air traffic control task:        Quarterly, 6(1),      44.
                          Implications for
                          operational errors and
                          automation




                          The use of predictive            Proceedings of the           Santa
    Endsley, M.
                          displays for aiding              43rd Annual Meeting of 51-   Monica
x x Sollenberger, R.                              1999                                              US
                                                                                               arrow.win.ecn.uiowa.edu/5
                          controller situation             the Human Factors and 55     , CA:
    Stein, E.
                          awareness.                       Ergonomics Society.          HFES
      Engineering for
                        Provisional inventory
      Information                                       NECTAR Archive
    a                   of evaluation methods                                                     EU
                                                                                              www.ejeisa.com/nectar/me
      Society                                           Website
                        and tools
      Applications

                                                                                   London
                                                                                   :
                        Voice versus Manual                                   131-
a     Enterkin, P.                               1991                              Taylor          UK
                        Techniques for                  Contemporary          136
                                                                                   &
                        Airborne Data Entry             Ergonomics, E. J.
                                                                                   Francis
                        Correction                      Lovesey (Ed)
                                                        Proceedings of the
                                                        14th Triennial
                                                        Congress of the
                        Assessing team                                               Santa
                                                        International          1-73
    Entin, E. B.,       situation awareness in                                       Monica
x x                                            2000     Ergonomics Association to 1-               US
    Entin, E. E.        simulated military                                           , CA:
                                                        and 44th Annual        76
                        missions                                                     HFES
                                                        Meeting of the Human
                                                        Factors and
                                                        Ergonomics Society.

                                                                                   Brussel
    Eriksen, P.,        Sweden 98 Real-Time                                        s, BE:
x a                                         1999        EEC Report #335       1-69                 FR
    Harvey, A.          Simulation                                                 Euroco
                                                                                   ntrol

    Essenberg, G. R.,   Using motion to                 Proceedings of the           Santa
    Wiegmann, D.        visualize flow                  47th Annual Meeting of 1698- Monica
x x                                              2003                                              US
    A., Overbye, T.     facilitates monitoring          the Human Factors and 1702 , CA:
    J., Sun, Y.         in process control              Ergonomics Society.          HFES



    x Eurocontrol       Workload.                2003                                             EU
                                                                                              www.eurocontrol.int/eatmp



                                                                                    Washin
                                                                                    gton,
                                                        Advirory Circular:
x     FAA               Minimum Flight Crew      200                                D. C.:         US
                                                        23.1523
                                                                                    DOT/F
                                                                                    AA


                        NASA-TLX (NASA Task             workbench Tools:
x     FAA                                   2006                                                    US
                                                                                              http://www.hf.faa.gov/Wor
                        Load Index)                     Workload
                                                                                       Lough
                                                                                       boroug
                                                                                       h,
                                                                                       Leics,
                       Adapting the TLX to
                                                      Report                           UK:
     Fairclough, S. H. measure driver        1991                                                      UK
                                                      V1017/BERTIE/No 71               HUSAT
                       mental workload.
                                                                                       Resear
                                                                                       ch
                                                                                       Institut
                                                                                       e


                      Effects of task
                      demand and time-on-             Proceedings of the               Santa
    Fairclough, S. H. task on                         48th Annual Meeting of 85-       Monica
x x                                          2004                                                      UK
    Venables, L.      psychophysiological             the Human Factors and 89         , CA:
                      candidates for                  Ergonomics Society.              HFES
                      biocybernetic control.


                       Enhancing Perceived
                       Situation Awareness            Proceedings of the               Santa
    Fallon, C. K.,
                       and Reducing                   49th Annual Meeting of           Monica
x x Bustamante, E.                           2005                                                      US
                       Perceived Workload             the Human Factors and            , CA:
    A., Bliss, J. P.
                       with a Likelihood              Ergonomics Society.              HFES
                       Alarm Display

    Farbos, B.,        Performance and
    Cabon, P.,         psychophysiological
x a                                            1998   Measuring Behavior '98                          FR
                                                                                                  www.noldus.com/events/m
    Bourgeois, S. ,    measures of fatigue in
    David, H,          air traffic controllers

                                                      Proceedings of the
                                                      14th Triennial
                      Measurement of                  Congress of the
    Farbos, B.,                                                                3-      Santa
                      fatigue and                     International
    Mollard, R.,                                                               204     Monica
  x                   adaptation in large-   2000     Ergonomics Association                           FR
    Cabon, P., David,                                                          to 3-   , CA:
                      scale real-time ATC             and 44th Annual
    H.                                                                         207     HFES
                      simulation                      Meeting of the Human
                                                      Factors and
                                                      Ergonomics Society.



                       Adhesive Retention
     Farkin, B. (cited
                       Surface Experiment    1992     ESA MCUD-GO                                       Isrl
                                                                                                  http://www.technion.ac.il/t
     in)
                       report
      Farley, T. C.,       The effect of shared
                                                         Proceedings of the
      Hansman, R. J.,      information on                                                 Santa
                                                         42nd Annual Meeting
      Endsley, M., R.,     pilot/controller                                               Monica
    a                                             1998   of the Human Factors                         US
      Amonlirdviman,       situation awareness                                            , CA:
                                                         and Ergonomics
      K., Vigeant-         and re-route                                                   HFES
                                                         Society.
      Langlois, L.         negotiation.


                                                                                          Dayton
                          Direct voice versus            Proceedings of the               , OH:
       Farrell, P. S. E.,                                                                             CN
                          manual input                   12th International               Wayne
x      Cain, B., Sarkar,                          2003                                                Ge
                          technology for aircraft        Symposium on Aviation            State
       P., Ebbers, R.                                                                                 r
                          CDU operations.                Psychology.                      Univer
                                                                                          sity

                                                                                          Liverp
       Faust, J., Sainz,                                                                  ool,
       S., Llewellyn-                                                                     Englan
a                          Secure component       2005                                    d:           UK
       Jones, D.,          Composition for
       Merabti, M.                                                                        John
                           Personal Ubiquitous           3rd UK-Ubinet                    Moores
                           computing                     Workshop                         U      http://www.bath.ac.uk/com


                           Reachmedia: On the-
    x Feldman, A.          move Interaction with 2005    Masters thesis.                  MIT         US
                           Everyday Objects.



                           The effects of an arm-
                                                         Proceedings of the           Santa
      Fentress, D. R.,     fire mechanism on
                                                         45th Annual Meeting of 1453- Monica
    x Lanier, R. C.,       operator performance 2001                                                  US
                                                         the Human Factors and 1457 , CA:
      Arndt, C. M.         in a simulated crane-
                                                         Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                           control task.


                                                         Proceedings of the
                       Effects of shared
                                                         14th Triennial
                       secondary controls
      Feyen, R., Liu,                                    Congress of the
                       and operational                                            3-      Santa
      Y., Hoffmeister,                                   International
                       modes on                                                   290     Monica
    x D., Zobel, G.,                              2000   Ergonomics Association                       US
                       performance and                                            to 3-   , CA:
      Rupp, G., Bhise,                                   and 44th Annual
                       perceived workload                                         293     HFES
      V.                                                 Meeting of the Human
                       during a simulated
                                                         Factors and
                       driving task.
                                                         Ergonomics Society.
                                                             Proceedings of the           Santa
      Fischer, D. S.,  Workload context
                                                             38th Annual Meeting of 1145- Monica
    x Moroney, W. F. , effect: An elusive           1994                                                  US
                                                             the Human Factors and 1149 , CA:
      Biers, D. W.     phenomenon.
                                                             Ergonomics Society.          HFES




                             Occlusion paradigm as           Proceedings of the           Santa
    Frank, T. L.,
                             a tool to assess visual         46th Annual Meeting of 1863- Monica
x x Noy, Y. I.,                                      2002                                                 CN
                             distraction from in-            the Human Factors and 1867 , CA:
    Klachan, C.
                             vehicle telematics              Ergonomics Society.          HFES

                             Application of MUSiC
                                                                                              Manch
                             to the Evaluation of
                                                                                              ester,
                             Situation Awareness
                                                                                              UK:
        Franklin, T.         in the Context of               AVRRC-JTAP305-030                             UK
                                                                                                     http://www.jtap.ac.uk
                                                                                              Lough
                             Desktop and Semi-
                                                                                              boroug
                             Immersive D345VR
                                                                                              h U.
                             Displays

                                                                                           Swede
                             Matning av mental                                             n:
        Fredriksson, N.,                                                                                  Sw
x                            arbetsbelastning                                         1-31 Lunds
        Persson, M.                                                                                       e
                             under flygning                                                Univer
                                                                                           sitet
                                                             Proceedings of the
                             Measuring the impact            14th Triennial
                             of advanced                     Congress of the
                                                                                      6-      Santa
    Freeman, J. T.           technologies and                International
                                                                                      642     Monica
x x Campbell, G. E.          reorganization on    2000       Ergonomics Association                       US
                                                                                      to 6-   , CA:
    Hildebrand, G.           human performance               and 44th Annual
                                                                                      645     HFES
                             in a combat                     Meeting of the Human
                             information center.             Factors and
                                                             Ergonomics Society.

                             Application of
                             bereitschaftspotential
      Freude, G.
                             for evaluation of effort        Journal of             65-                   Ge
    a Ullsperger, P.                                  1995
                             expenditure in the              Psychophysiology, 9(1) 75                    r
      Molle, M.
                             course of repetitive
                             display work

                             Computer monitoring                                              U of
                             vs self-monitoring:                                              IL:
        Fulf, R., Liu, Y.,                                                                    Institut
    x                        The impact of       1987        ARL-987-3/NASA-87-4                          U
        Wickens, C. D.                                                                        e of
                             automation on error
                             detection.                                                       Aviatio
                                                                                              n
                                                                                   Corvall
                          The intelligent air                                      is, OR:
    a Funk, K.            attack system task    1999                                          US
                                                                                   Orego funkk@engr.orst.edu
                          support system                                           n State
                                                                                   U


                                                                                   Corvall
                          Facilitating the                                         is, OR:
      Funk, K., Lee, J.
x                         management of         1996                                          US
                                                                                   Orego funkk@engr.orst.edu
      N.
                          cockpit activities                                       n State
                                                                                   U


    Fussell, S. R.
                          Accessing multi-modal        Proceedings of the           Santa
    Grenville, D.
                          information on cell          46th Annual Meeting of 1809- Monica
x x Kiesler, S.                                 2002                                             US
                                                                                           http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~s
                          phones while sitting         the Human Factors and 1813 , CA:
    Forlizzi, J.
                          and driving.                 Ergonomics Society.          HFES
    Wichansky, A. M.

                      The concordance of
                      subjective measures
                      and military pilot
                                                       Proceedings of the          Santa
                      performance in a
    Galsaster, S. M.,                                  47th Annual Meeting of 212- Monica
x x                   study of human-           2003                                           US
    Parasuraman, R.                                    the Human Factors and 216 , CA:
                      interaction with
                                                       Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                      automation in a
                      complex simulated
                      environment
                       Exploring the
                       relationship between
                       decision                        Proceedings of the          Santa
    Galster, S. M.,    appropriateness and             48th Annual Meeting of 448- Monica
x x                                             2004                                           US
    Bolia, R. S.       mission effectiveness           the Human Factors and 452 , CA:
                       in a simulated                  Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                       command & control
                       task
                       An Examination of
                       Head-Mounted
    Galster, S. M.,    Displays and Task               Proceedings of the           Santa
    Bolia, R. S.,      Complexity in an                49th Annual Meeting of 1089- Monica
x x                                             2005                                           US
    Brown, R. D.,      Airborne Command                the Human Factors and 1093 , CA:
    Tollner, A. M.     and Control                     Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                       Simulation
                       Environment
    Galster, S. M.,    Effects of automated            Proceedings of the          Santa
    Bolia, R. S., Roe, cueing on decision              46th Annual Meeting of 321- Monica
x x                                             2001                                           US
    M. M.,             implementation in a             the Human Factors and 325 , CA:
    Parasuraman, R. visual search task.                Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                                                       Proceedings of the
                                                                                     Santa
                         Collaboration with            42nd Annual Meeting
    Garabet, A. &                                                               543- Monica
x x                      ecological interface   1998   of the Human Factors                       CN
    Burns, C. M.                                                                546 , CA:
                         design.                       and Ergonomics
                                                                                     HFES
                                                       Society.
                         The presentation of
                                                       Proceedings of the           Santa
                         reference information
                                                       47th Annual Meeting of 1830- Monica
x x Garrett, S. K.       to facilitate search, 2003                                               US
                                                       the Human Factors and 1834 , CA:
                         retrieval, and
                                                       Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                         utilization

                         Surgical Learning Aid:
                                                       Proceedings of the           Santa
                         Reducing Uncertainty
    Gaulin, M. O. &                                    49th Annual Meeting of 1635- Monica
x x                      for the Novice During 2005                                               US
    Cao, C. G. L.                                      the Human Factors and 1638 , CA:
                         Simulated Minimally
                                                       Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                         Invasive Surgery

                                                                                      New
                         Human Performance                                            Jersey:
?     Gawron VJ                                 2000                                              US
                         Measures Handbook                                            Erlbau
                                                                                      m
                     Recommended
    General Aviation Practices and                                                    Washin
                                                       GAMA Publication No.
x x Manufacturers    Guidelines for Part 23 2000                                                US
                                                                                      gton, www.generalaviation.org
                                                       10
    Assn - GAMA      Cockpit/Flight Deck                                              DC
                     Design.

                      Effects of Visual and
                      Auditory Cues About
                                                       Proceedings of the          Santa
    Glumm, M. M.      Threat Location on
                                                       49th Annual Meeting of 347- Monica
x x Kehring, Key. L., Target Acquisition        2005                                              US
                                                       the Human Factors and 351 , CA:
    White, T. L.      Performance and
                                                       Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                      Attention to Auditory
                      Communications

    Glumm, M. M.,        The effects of an
                                                       Proceedings of the
    Branscome, T.        auditory versus visual                                     Santa
                                                       43rd Annual Meeting of 1041-
x x A., Patton, D. J.,   presentation of        1999                                Monica        US
                                                       the Human Factors and 1044
    Mullins, L. L.,      information on soldier                                     , CA
                                                       Ergonomics Society.
    Burton, P. A.        performance.
                         A driving simulator
                                                                                      Austral
                         investigation of
                                                       Thesis submitted to      1-    ia:
x a Godley, S. T.        perceptual             1999                                              AU
                                                                                              www.psych.usyd.edu.au/st
                                                       Monash University        373   Monas
                         countermeasures to
                                                                                      h U.
                         speeding

                         Shared mental models
      Graham, J.,                                      Proceedings of the             Santa
                         in military command
      Schneider, M.,                                   48th Annual Meeting of         Monica
    a                    and control           2004                                               US
                                                                                             casos.cs.cmu.edu
      Bauer, A. G.,                                    the Human Factors and          , CA:
                         organizations: Effect
      Bessiere, K.                                     Ergonomics Society.            HFES
                         of social network.
    Graham, J.,          Shared mental models            Proceedings of the
                                                                                      Santa
    Schneider, M.,       inmilitary command              42nd Annual Meeting
                                                                                 509- Monica
x x Gonzalez, C.,        and control           1998      of the Human Factors                       US
                                                                                 513 , CA:
    Bauer, A.,           organizations: Effect           and Ergonomics
                                                                                      HFES
    Bessiere, K.         of social distance.             Society.


                         Psychosocial Factors,
        Grasha, A. F.,   Workload, and Human             Perceptual and Motor    53-
a                                              2001
        Schell, K.       Error in a Simulated            Skills, 92 (1)          71
                         Pharmacy Dispensing
                         Task


                                                                                       Fairfax
                         Summary of the                                                , VA:
                                                         Air Force Program
x x Gray, W. D.          AMBR Expert Panel        2000                                            US
                                                                                       George www.williams.af.mil/AMBR/
                                                         Review
                         Report                                                        Mason
                                                                                       U


                                                         Proceedings of the           Santa
    Gray, W. D.,
                         Cognitive Metrics               49th Annual Meeting of 1144- Monica
x x Schoelles, M. J.,                             2005                                              US
                         Profiling                       the Human Factors and 1148 , CA:
    Sims, C.
                                                         Ergonomics Society.          HFES

    Greenwood-
                                                         Proceedings of the
    Erickson, A.Oron-    Workload and                                                  Santa
                                                         42nd Annual Meeting
    Gilad, T.,           performance: A field                                    1953- Monica
x x                                               1998   of the Human Factors                       US
    Szalma, J. L.,       evaluation in a police                                  1957 , CA:
                                                         and Ergonomics
    Stafford, S.,        shooting range.                                               HFES
                                                         Society.
    Hancock, P.
                                                                                       Colum
                         Involving pilots and                                          bus,
    Grimaud, I.,                                         Proceedings of the
                         controllers in the                                            OH:
    Hoffman, E.,                                         11th International
x x                      evaluation of the        2001                                 Ohio       FR
                                                                                              www.eurocontrol.fr/project
    Rognin, L. ,                                         Symposium on Aviation
                         limited delegation                                            State
    Zeghal, K.                                           Psychology.
                         concept.                                                      Univer
                                                                                       sity

                         Information overload:                                        Halifax
                         Addressing the                                               , Nova
        Grise, M-L.,
    x                    productivity paradox 1998       Working paper.                             CN
                                                                                 1-27 Scotia: http://www.mgmt.dal.ca/s
        Gallupe, R. B.
                         in face-to-face                                              Dalhou
                         electronic meetings.                                         sie U.




                         Abstract (in English &                                                      Ge
    x Grosche, J.                               2000     Working paper                          grosche@fgan.de
                         German)                                                                     r
                                                                                  Colum
                                                                                  bus,
                       Evaluating the M1A2            Proceedings of the
      Gross, J.                                                                   OH:
                       tank commander's               11th International    1257-
    x Ciappara, N.                             2001                               Ohio            US
                       interface: The battle          Symposium on Aviation 1260
      Smist, T.                                                                   State
                       of input devices               Psychology.
                                                                                  Univer
                                                                                  sity

                                                      Proceedings of the
    Gross, J.,         Evaluating the M1A2                                          Santa
                                                      42nd Annual Meeting
    Ciappara, N.,      tank commander's                                       1257- Monica
x x                                            1998   of the Human Factors                        US
    Smist, T.,         interface: The battle                                  1261 , CA:
                                                      and Ergonomics
    Benson, P.         of input devices                                             HFES
                                                      Society.

                       Effects of multiple-
      Grubb, P. L.,                                   Proceedings of the           Santa
                       signal discrimination
      Warm, J. S.                                     39th Annual Meeting of 1360- Monica
                       on vigilance            1995                                               US
      Dember, W. N.,                                  the Human Factors and 1364 , CA:
                       performance and
      Berch, D.B.                                     Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                       perceived workload.

                                                                                   El
                       Workload assessment
      Gudipati, S.,                                                                Paso,
v                      technologies for job                                                       US
                                                                                             sgudipati@utep.edu
      Pennathur, A.                                                                TX: U
                       design.
                                                                                   TX

    Guhe, M., Liao,                                   Proceedings of the           Santa
                       Nonintrusive
    M., Zhu, Z., Ji,                                  49th Annual Meeting of 1157- Monica
x x                    Measurement of        2005                                                 US
    Q., Gray, W. D.,                                  the Human Factors and 1161 , CA:
                       Workload in Real Time
    Schoelles, M. J.                                  Ergonomics Society.          HFES

    Gunn, D. V.,
                       Target acquisition
    Nelson, W. T.,                                    Proceedings of the           Santa
                       with UAVs: Vigilance
    Bolia, R. S.,                                     46th Annual Meeting of 1541- Monica
x x                    displays and            2002                                               US
    Warm, J. S.,                                      the Human Factors and 1545 , CA:
                       advanced cueing
    Schumsky, D. A.,                                  Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                       interfaces.
    Cocoran, K. J.
                                                                                   Colum
                       The effects of multi-          Proceedings of the           bus,
      Gunn, D. V.,                                                                 OH:
                       sensory cueing                 11th International
    x Nelson, W. T.,                           2001                                Ohio         US
                       interfaces on dual-            Symposium on Aviation
      Bolia, R. S.                                                                 State
                       task performance.              Psychology.
                                                                                   Univer
                                                                                   sity
                                                                                   Cambri
      Gunn, R., Mason,
                       The in-depth                                                dge,
    a G., Dangerfield,                         2001                                             CN
                                                                                          http://www.pra.ca/resourc
                       interview.                                                  MA:
      K.
                                                                                   MIT

                         TELSCAN ergonomic
      Guyot, L., Martin- evaluation of the            TELSCAN Internal
    a                                          1998                                               FR
      Lamellet, C.       French PROMISE               Report
                         internet site.
                                                         Proceedings of the
                                                         14th Triennial
                          The effect of auditory
                                                         Congress of the
      Haas, E. C. de      display configuration                                   3-      Santa
                                                         International
      Pontbriand, R.      and physical load on                                    706-    Monica
    x                                             2000   Ergonomics Association                     US
      Mello, R. Patton,   message intelligibility                                 to 3-   , CA:
                                                         and 44th Annual
      J. Solounias, A.    for the dismounted                                      709     HFES
                                                         Meeting of the Human
                          soldier.
                                                         Factors and
                                                         Ergonomics Society.

                                                         Proceedings of the
                          Issues relating to             14th Triennial
      Haas, E. C.,        automatic speech               Congress of the
                                                                                  3-      Santa
      Shankle, R.,        recognition and                International
                                                                                  754     Monica
    x Murray, H.,         spatial auditory        2000   Ergonomics Association                     US
                                                                                  to 3-   , CA:
      Travers, D.,        displays in high noice,        and 44th Annual
                                                                                  757     HFES
      Wheeler, T.         stressful tank                 Meeting of the Human
                          environments                   Factors and
                                                         Ergonomics Society.

                          Dynamic                                                         Colum
                          resectorization of             Proceedings of the               bus,
      Hadley, J. A.,                                                                      OH:
                          airspace boundaries            11th International
    x Sollenberger, R.                            2001                                    Ohio      US
                          between adjacent air           Symposium on Aviation
      L.                                                                                  State
                          route traffic control          Psychology.
                          centers.                                                        Univer
                                                                                          sity

    Hadley, J.,                                                                           Atlanti
    Sollenberger, R., Interfacility boundary                                              c City,
x a                                          2000        DOT/FAA/CT-TN00/06                         US
    D'Arcy, J.-F.,    adjustment                                                          NJ:
    Bassett, P.                                                                           WJHTC

                          A Japanese version of
                          the NASA Task Load
                                                                                          Tokyo,
                          Index: Sensitivity of
       Haga, S.,                                         Japanese Journal of      71-     Japan:
x                         its workload score to 1996                                                Jpn
       Mizukami, N.                                      Ergonomics, 32 (2)       79      Rikkyo
                          difficulty of three
                                                                                          U
                          different laboratory
                          tasks

                          Effects of Task                                            Tokyo,
       Haga, S.,
                          Difficulty and Time-on-        Japanese Psychological 134- Japan:
a      Shinoda, H/.                               2002                                              Jpn
                          Task on Mental                 Research, 44 (3)       143 Rikkyo
       Kokubun, M.
                          Workload                                                   U


                          Advanced display               Proceedings of the
                                                                                       Santa
    Hal, S. M.,           technology effects on          42nd Annual Meeting
                                                                                  181- Monica
x x Doherty, S. M.,       flight error and      1998     of the Human Factors                       US
                                                                                  185 , CA:
    Mion, A.              workload in average-           and Ergonomics
                                                                                       HFES
                          time pilots.                   Society.
      Hale, K. S.,     Adding modalities to          Proceedings of the           Santa
      Jones, D.;       VE training systems           49th Annual Meeting of 2253- Monica
                                             2005                                            US
      Stanney, K.,     enhances spatial              the Human Factors and 2257 , CA:
      Milham, L.       knowledge acquisition         Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                     Validation of
    Hale, K. S.,     Predictive Workload             Proceedings of the           Santa
    Reeves, L. M.,   Component of the                49th Annual Meeting of 1162- Monica
x x                  Multimodal               2005                                           US
    Axelsson, P.,                                    the Human Factors and 1166 , CA:
    Stanney, Key. M. Information Design              Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                     Support (MIDS)
                     System

                       Evaluation of Pilot
                                                     Proceedings of the          Santa
                       Performance and
                                                     49th Annual Meeting of 150- Monica
x x Hamblin, C.        Workload During        2005                                           US
                                                     the Human Factors and 153 , CA:
                       "Black Tube"
                                                     Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                       Approach to Land

                                                                                   Mississ
                                                     Proceedings of the            auga,
      Hamilton, K.,    Simulator Sickness -          23rd Annual                   Ontari
                                                                             25-
a     Kantor, L.,      A Polygenic            1990   Conference of the             o, CN:    CN
                                                                             29
      Helsgrave, R.    Phenomenon                    Human Factors                 The
                                                     Association of Canada         Associ
                                                                                   ation
                       Cognitive task
                       analysis and                  Proceedings of the           Santa
    Hamilton, W. I.,
                       performance                   48th Annual Meeting of 2406- Monica
x x Lowe, C.,                                 2004                                           UK
                       modelling for early           the Human Factors and 2410 , CA:
    Blanchard, H.
                       human systems                 Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                       integration
                                                     Proceedings of the
                                                     14th Triennial
                       Effect of                     Congress of the
                                                                                  Santa
      Hammond, J.,     communication                 International          1-77
                                                                                  Monica
    x Harvey, C. M.,   medium on virtual      2000   Ergonomics Association to 1-
                                                                                  , CA:
      Koubek, R. J.    design teams'                 and 44th Annual        80
                                                                                  HFES
                       workload.                     Meeting of the Human
                                                     Factors and
                                                     Ergonomics Society.
                       Effects of Control
                       Order, Augmented                                            Taylor
                       Feedback, Input                                       1146- &
a     Hancock, P. A.   Device and Practice    1996   Ergonomics, 39 (9)                      US
                                                                             1162 Francis
                       on Tracking                                                 .
                       Performance and
                       Perceived Workload
                                                                                Santa
                       Experimental
      Hancock, P. A.                                                       413- Monica
                       evaluation of a model 1993    Human Factors, 35 (3)                   US
      Caird, J. K.                                                         429 , CA:
                       of mental workload
                                                                                HFES
                             The influence of task
       Hancock, P. A.
                             demand                         Unpublished                      MN:
       Williams, G.
                             characteristics on      1992   manuscript (in Fischer           Minnea        US
       Miyake, S.
                             workload and                   et al, 1994)                     polis
       Manning, C. M.
                             performance.
                             Workload and
a      Hansman, J.                                   2004   Presentation                                   US
                             situation awareness
                                                                                                      ocw.mit.edu/.../16-422Spr
                             The impact of
                                                                                           Transp
    Harbluk, J. L.,          cognitive distraction
                                                                                           ort
x x Noy, Y. I.,              on driver visual        2002   TP 13889E                 1-29                 CN
                                                                                           Canad
    Eizenman, M.             behavior and vehicle
                                                                                           a
                             control.

                         Cranfield airfraft
                         handling qualities
      Harris, D.,
                         rating scale: A multi-
      Gautrey, J.,                                          Aeronautical Journal,     191-
    a                    dimensional aproach         2000                                                  UK
      Payne, K., Bailey,                                    104 (1034)                198
                         to the assessment of
      R.
                         aircraft handling
                         qualities

       Harris, R.M., Hill,                                  Proceedings of the               Santa
                           An Expert System to
       S.G., Lysaght,                                       33rd Annual Meeting of 16-       Monica
a                          Provide Operator          1989                                                  US
       R.J., and Christ,                                    the Human Factors      20        , CA:
                           Workload Guidance
       R.E.,                                                Society                          HFES

       Harris, R.M., Hill,   Handbook for                                                    Defens
                                                            ARI Research Note 92-
       S.G., Lysaght,        Operating the                                                   e Tech
a                                                    1992   49 DTIC No                                     US
       R.J., and Christ,     OWLKNEST                                                        Info
                                                            ADA253412
       R.E.,                 Technology (HOOT)                                               Ctr

                             The efffects of                                                 Colum
                             stimulus modality and                                           bus,
      Hart, S. G.,
                             task integrality:              Proceedings of the 21st          OH:
      Shively, R.J.,
    x                        Predicting dual-task  1985     Annual Concerence on             Ohio          US
      Vidulich, M. A.,
                             performance and                Manual Control                   State
      Miller, R. C.
                             workload from single-                                           Univer
                             task levels                                                     sity

                             Two-and three-
                             dimensional displays
       Haskell, I. D., &
                             for aviation: A         1993                                                  US
       Wickens, C. D.
                             theoretical and
                             empirical comparison
                                                                                    Alexan
                         An investigation of                                        dria,
                         single-piloted                                             VA:
                                                        Proceeding of the 1986
       Haworth,L.        advanced cockpit and
                                                        Meeting of the         657- Americ
x      Bivens,C.         control configurations 1986                                              US
                                                        American Helicopter    672 an
       Shively,R.        for nap-of-the-                                            Helicop
                                                        Society,
                         earth helicopter                                           ter
                         combat mission task.                                       Societ
                                                                                    y, Inc.
                         Four new haptic                                            Montre
                         devices from the                                           al CN:
a      Hayward, V.                               2005   2nd Enactive Workshop                     CN
                         McGill Univerity                                           Mcgill
                         Haptics laboratory                                         U

                         Subjective                     Proceedings of the
                                                                                     Santa
                         measurement                    42nd Annual Meeting
      Heers, S. T.                                                             26-   Monica
    x                    assessment in a full   1998    of the Human Factors                      US
      Casper, P. A.                                                            30    , CA:
                         mission scout-attach           and Ergonomics
                                                                                     HFES
                         helicopter simulation.         Society.
                      The effects of
    Helbing, K. G.,                                     Proceedings of the          Santa
                      airborne inter-arrival
    Eischeid, T.,                                       46th Annual Meeting of 111- Monica
x x                   spacing tool on pilot  2002                                                 US
    Oseguera-Lohr,                                      the Human Factors and 115 , CA:
                      workload and
    R. M.                                               Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                      acceptability.
                      The effects of warning
    Helmick-Rich, J.,                                   Proceedings of the           Santa
                      presentation and
    Burke, K. A.,                                       48th Annual Meeting of 2027- Monica
x x                   retention under        2004                                                 US
    Oron-Gilad, T.,                                     the Human Factors and 2030 , CA:
                      varying levels of
    Hancock, P. A.                                      Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                      stress.

      Helton, W. S.,
      Hollander, T. D.,
                                                                                    The
      Warm, J. S.,
                                                                                    British
      Matthews, G.,     Signal regularity and
                                                        British Journal of     249- Psycho
    x Dember, W. N., the mindlessness            2005                                             US
                                                        Psychology, 96         261 logical
      Wallaart, M.,     model of vigilance.
                                                                                    Societ
      Beauchamp, G.,
                                                                                    y
      Parasuraman, R.,
      Hancock. P. A.


                         Measuring subjective                                       Santa
       Hendy, K. C,,
                         workload: When is                                     579- Monica
       Hamilton, K. M.                           1993   Human Factors 35 (4)                      CN
                         one scale better than                                 601 , CA:
       Landry, L. N.
                         many?                                                      HFES


                                                        Situation Awareness:          Neuilly
                         Situation Awareness            Limitations and        21-1 sur
x x Hendy, K. C.         and Workload: Birds     1995   Enhancement in the                         CN
                                                                               to 22- Seinne http://pubs.drdc-rddc.gc.ca
                         of a Feather?                  Aviation Environment   7      , FR:
                                                        and DCIEM-95-P-10             AGARD
                                                          Proceedings of the
       Hendy, K. C.,
                           Review of Workload:            Human Factors
       Campbell, E. L.,                                                            31-   Toront
a                          Measurement and        1989    Association of Canada                     CN
       Landry, L. N., et                                                           39    o, CN
                           Prediction                     22nd Annual
       al
                                                          Conference

                           Combining time and
                                                                                         Santa
       Hendy, K. C.,       intensity effects in
                                                                                   30-   Monica
x      Liao, J.,           assessing operator     1997    Human Factors 39 (1)                      CN
                                                                                   47    , CA:
       Milgram, P.         information
                                                                                         HFES
                           processing load.


                           Combining time and
    Hendy, K. C.,          intensity effects in                                         Ontari
x x Liao, J.,              assessing operator     1994    DCIEM 94-xx              1-23 o, CN:      CN
    Milgram, P.            information                                                  DCIEM
                           processing load.

                                                          Proceedings of the
                           Simulation-based
                                                          14th Triennial
                           training and
                                                          Congress of the
    Hess, S. M.,           assessment of digital                                         Santa
                                                          International
    Hutton, R.,            command staff:                                                Monica
x x                                              2000     Ergonomics Association                     US
                                                                                                aptima@aptima.com
    Sterling, B.,          Training and                                                  , CA:
                                                          and 44th Annual
    Campbell, C.           assessment for                                                HFES
                                                          Meeting of the Human
                           network-centric
                                                          Factors and
                           command and control.
                                                          Ergonomics Society.

                           Human performance
                                                          Proceedings of the          Santa
       Hettinger, L. J.,   assessment of a
                                                          46th Annual Meeting of 111- Monica
x      Brickman, B. J.,    prototype multimodal 2002                                                US
                                                          the Human Factors and 115 , CA:
       McKinney, J.        naval command
                                                          Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                           center

                           Performance and
    Hildebrand, G.                                        Proceedings of the           Santa
                           usability evaluation of
    A., Pharmer, J.                                       47th Annual Meeting of 1913- Monica
x x                        an automated task       2003                                             US
    A., Weaver, M.                                        the Human Factors and 1917 , CA:
                           management concept
    D.                                                    Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                           prototype design
      Hill, S. G.
      Iavecchia, H. P.                                                               Santa
                           Comparison of four
                                                                                429- Monica
    x Byers, J. C.         subjective workload    1992    Human Factors, 34 (4)                     US
      Bittner, A. C.                                                            439 , CA:
                           rating scales.
      Zaklad, A. L.                                                                  HFES
      Christ, R. E.

       Hill, S.G.,         Subjective workload            Proceedings of the           Santa
       Byers,J.C.,         assessment during 48           33rd Annual Meeting of 1129- Monica
x                                               1989                                                US
       Zaklad,A.L.         continuous hours of            the Human Factors and 1133 , CA:
       Chirst,R.E.         LOS-F-H operations.            Ergonomics Society.          HFES
       Hill, S.G.,                                      Proceedings of the
                                                                                       Santa
       Byers,J.C.,         Workload assessment          32nd Annual Meeting
                                                                                 1068- Monica
x      Zaklad,A.L.,        of a mobile air     1988     of the Human Factors                      US
                                                                                 1072 , CA:
       Chirst,R.E.         defenses system.             and Ergonomics
                                                                                       HFES
       yBittner, A.C.                                   Society.
       Hitchcock, E. M.    Effects of cueing and
                                                        Proceedings of the 41st      Santa
       Dember, W. N.       knowledge of results
                                                        Annual Meeting of the 1298- Monica
       Warm, J. S.         on workload and       1997                                             US
                                                        Human Factors and       1300 , CA:
       Moroney, B. W.      boredom in sustained
                                                        Ergonomics Society.          HFES
       See, J. E.          attention.
                       Assessing mental
    Hitt, J.M., Kring, workload with                    Proceedings of the
                                                                                    Santa
    J. P., Daskarolis, subjective measures:             43rd Annual Meeting of
x x                    An analytical review 1999                               1404 Monica        US
    E., Morris, C.,                                     the Human Factors and
                       of the NASA-TLX                                              , CA
    Mouloua, M.                                         Ergonomics Society.
                       index since its
                       inception.
                       Workload-study of                                              Lund,
    Hjalmdahl, M.,                                      Proceedings of 13th      227-            Sw
x x                    ISA-drivers A method 2001                                      SE:    www.ictct.org/workshops/0
    Vahelyi, A.                                         ICTCT Workshop.          232             e
                       description                                                    Lund U
                      A Review of                                                     Waterl
                      experimentation                                                 oo,
x   Ho, D., Burns, C. methodologies in the      2003                                  CN: U       CN
                      area of aviation                                                of
                      displays and trust in                                           Waterl
                      automation                                                      oo
                      Introducing a new
                                                        Proceedings of the          Santa
    Hoffman, E.,      spacing instruction,
                                                        47th Annual Meeting of 174- Monica
x x Pene, N., Rognin, impact of spacing         2003                                              US
                                                        the Human Factors and 178 , CA:
    L., Zeghal, K.    tolerance on flight
                                                        Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                      crew activity.
      Hollander, T. D.,    Feature
      Warm, J. S.,         presence/absence
      Matthews, G.                                      Proceedings of the            Santa
                           modifies the event
                                                        48th Annual Meeting of        Monica
    x Shockley, K.,        rate effect and       2004                                             US
      Dember, W. N.,                                    the Human Factors and         , CA:
                           cerebral hemovelocity
      Weiler, E., Tripp,                                Ergonomics Society.           HFES
                           in vigilance
      L. D., Scerbo, M.    performance.
      W.
                           Promoting succesful
                                                        Proceedings of the          Santa
                           computer use by older
    Holley, P.,                                         46th Annual Meeting of 193- Monica
x x                        adults: Input devices 2002                                             US
    Charness, N.                                        the Human Factors and 196 , CA:
                           and experienced
                                                        Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                           users.
       Horberry, T.,       A Driving Simulator                                        Victori
                                                        Monash University
       Anderson, J.,       Evaluation of                                              a, AU:
a                                                       Accident Research                         AU
       Regan, M. A.,       Enhanced Road                                              Monas
                                                        center
       Tomasevic, N.       Markings                                                   hU
                      The effects of head-up
                      display clutter and in-             Proceedings of the           Santa
    Horrey, W. J.,
                      vehicle display                     47th Annual Meeting of 1880- Monica
x x Wickens, C. D.,                           2003                                                     US
                      separation on                       the Human Factors and 1884 , CA:
    Alexander, A,. L.
                      concurrent driving                  Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                      performance.
                      Postural control
                                                          Proceedings of the           Santa
    Hove, P.,         supports visual
                                                          45th Annual Meeting of 1420- Monica
x x Watson, M.,       perceptual but not           2001                                                US
                                                          the Human Factors and 1423 , CA:
    Stoffregen, T. A. cognitive
                                                          Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                      performance.

                                                                                         Human
a       HSIAC                                                                                        US
                                                                                         Syste iac.dtic.mil
                           Review and Analysis                                           ms IAC
                           of Auditory Workload
                           Evaluation of an
                           enhanced data-link
                                                          Flight Crew Training           Singap        Ge
v       Huettig, G.        FMS and resulting       1998                           1-15
                                                          Conference                     ore           r
                           future training
                           requirements.
                                                                                       Oxford
        Huettig, G.                                       Analysis, Design and
                                                                                  541- :               Ge
a       Hotes, A., Tautz, Design and Evaluation 1995      Evaluation of Man-
                                                                                  545 Perga            r
        A.                of an ATC-Display in            Machine Systems, T>
                                                                                       mon
                          Modern Glass Cockpit            B> Sheridan, Ed.
        Human-Comuter
        Interaction
                      NASA-TLX                            A to Z List of Topics                         US
                                                                                                  http://www.hcirn.com/
        Resource
        Network
                        Toward a
                                                                                     Santa
                        psychophysiological
        Humphrey, D. G.                                                              Monica
                        assessment of              1994   Human Factors, 36 (1) 3-26                   US
        & Kramer, A. F.                                                              , CA:
                        dynamic changes in
                                                                                     HFES
                        mental workload
                                                                                         Purde
        Indusrial
a                                                                                        Univer        Jpn
        Engineering
                           Task and job analysis                                         sity    http://gilbreth.ecn.purdue.
                                                                                         Berlin,
                                                                                         GE:
        Instut fur Luft-                                                                 Techni        Ge
    x
        und Raumfahrt      Analysis, Design and                                          cal           r
                           Evaluation of Man-                                            Univer
                           Machine Systems                                               sity
                           Integration und
        Instut fur Luft-   Evaluation eines ATC                                          TU-           Ge
x                                                         Presentation
        und Raumfahrt      Data-Link im Cockpit                                          Berlin        r
                           eines Airbus A340
                           Simulators
                                                                                           Neuilly
                          Will the mission               Situation Awareness:
                                                                                    22-1 sur
                          workload profile allow         Limitations and
        Jensen, S. E.                            1995                               to 22- Seinne         UK
                          effective situational          Enhancement in the
                                                                                    5      , FR:
                          awareness?                     Aviation Environment
                                                                                           AGARD
        Johansson, E.,
        Engstrom, J.,     Review of existing             Information Society
        Cherri, C.,       techniques and                 Technologies
x       Nodari, E.,                               2003                              1-95                 EU
                                                                                                     www.aide-eu.org/pdf/aide_
                          metrics for IVIS and           Programme. IST-1-
        Toffetti, A.,     ADAS assessment.               507674-IP
        Schindhelm, R.,
        Gelau, C.

                                                         Proceedings of
                          Enhancing a human-
                                                         Southeastern Software      Nashvil
v x Johnson, C. A.        robot interface using   2003                         1-32             US
                                                                                            www.ndia-tvc.org/SESEC/P
                                                         Engineering                le, TN:
                          sensory EgoSphere
                                                         Conference                 Vander
                                                                                    built U


                                                                                           Nashvil
a                                                 2003   IEEE.                                           US
        Johnson, C. A.,   Evaluation of an                                                 le, TN:
        Adams, J. A.,     Enhanced Human-                                                  Vander
        Kawamura, K.      Robot Interface                                                  built U carlotta.a.johnson@vander

    Johnson, R. F.,                                      Proceedings of the           Santa
                          Marksmanship during
    Merullo, D. J.,                                      45th Annual Meeting of 1382- Monica
x x                       simulated sustained 2001                                                        US
    Montain, S. J.,                                      the Human Factors and 1385 , CA:
                          operations.
    Castellani, J. W.                                    Ergonomics Society.          HFES

                          A Human Systems
    Johnston, J. H.,      Integration Method             Proceedings of the           Santa
    Vincenzi, D. A.,      for Validating Team            49th Annual Meeting of 2130- Monica
x x Radtke, P. H.,        Performance             2005                                                    US
                                                         the Human Factors and 2134 , CA:
    Salter, W.,           Assessment Within a            Ergonomics Society.          HFES
    Freedman, J.          Simulation-Based
                          Training System



                          Use of real-time               International Journal of
        Jones, D. G.                                                              343-
    x                     probes for measuring 2004      Aviation Psycholog, 14                           US
        Endsley, M. R.                                                            367
                          situation awareness            (4)




      Jones, S., Jones,   An evaluation of
                                                         International Journal of
      M., Marsden, G.,    integrated zooming
    a                                            2005    Human-Computer                              portal.acm.org
      Patel, D.,          and scrolling on small
                                                         Studies.
      Cockburn, A.        screens.
                         Exploring mental                 In A. G. Gale, I. D.          Amster
                         workload via TLX: The            Brown, C. M.                  dam:
       Jordan, P. W.                                      Haslegrave, H. W.        255-
                         case of operating a   1993                                     North            UK
       Johnson, G. I.                                     Kruysse, & S. P. Taylor 262 Hollan
                         car stereo whilst
                         driving.                         (Eds) Vision in Vehicles      d
                                                          IV
                                                                                        London
                         The usability of                                               :
       Jordan, P. W.                                                               400-
a                        remote control for in     1991                                 Taylor           UK
       Johnson, G. I.                                     Contemporary             407
                         car stereo operation                                           &
                                                          Ergonomics, E. J.
                                                                                        Francis
                                                          Lovesey (Ed)


                                                                                           Copen
    Jorgensen, A. H.,                                                                      hagen,
                      Applying the concept
    Garde, A. H.,                                                                          DK: U
x x                   of mental workload to                                                             DK
                                                                                                  http://cyberg.curtin.edu.au
    Laursen, B.,                                                                           of
                      IT-work
    Jensen, B. R.                                                                          copenh
                                                                                           agen



                         Establishment of
                         Overall Workload
       Jung, H. S.,
a                        Assessment            2001
       Jung, H. S.
                         Technique for Various
                         Tasks and Workplaces

                         An interface design
                         for a teleoperation
x a Kaber, D. B.                                                                                         US
                                                                                                    ajkab@ttacs1.ttu.edu
                         system for nuclear
                         applications
                                                          Proceedings of the
                         Effects of visual
                                                          14th Triennial
                         interface design and
                                                          Congress of the
                         control mode and                                          1-      Santa
      Kaber, D. B.                                        International
                         latency on                                                503     Monica
    x Riley, J. M. Zhou,                           2000   Ergonomics Association                         US
                         performance,                                              to 1-   , CA:
      R. Draper, J.                                       and 44th Annual
                         telepresence and                                          506     HFES
                                                          Meeting of the Human
                         workload in a
                                                          Factors and
                         teleoperation task.
                                                          Ergonomics Society.

                         Influence of individual
                                                                                        Miss
                         differences on virtual
                                                                                        State
    Kaber, D. B.,        reality application
                                                          Chapter 22 of a               U/Oak
x x Draper, J. V.,       design for individual                                     1-23             US
                                                                                              http://vehand.engr.ucf.edu
                                                          Handbook                      Ridge
    Usher, J. M.         and collaborative
                                                                                        Nat'l
                         immersive virtual
                                                                                        Lab
                         environments
                                                                                          London
                        Investigation of multi-                                           ,
       Kaber, D. B.,
                        modal interface                    International Journal of                     Ge
       Wright, M., C.,                                                              527- Englan
a                       features for adaptive 2006         Human-Computer                               r
       Sheik-Nainar, M.                                                             540 d:
                        automation of a                    Studies, 64 (6)                Acade         US
       A.
                        human-robot system                                                mic
                                                                                          Press
                                                           Proceedings of the
                                                           14th Triennial
                           Old theories, new
                                                           Congress of the
      Kalawsky, R. S.,     technologies:                                            3-    Santa
                                                           International
      Stedmon, A. W.,      Developing guidelines                                    398 Monica
    x                                            2000      Ergonomics Association                       UK
      Hill, K., Cook, C.   for the cognitive                                        to 3- , CA:
                                                           and 44th Annual
      A.                   ergonomics of                                            400 HFES
                                                           Meeting of the Human
                           augmented reality
                                                           Factors and
                                                           Ergonomics Society.

                           Usabilidat de los
                           artefactos (Spanish
    x Keinonen, T.         version); Tuotteen       2003                                                FI
                                                                                                   turkka.keinonen@uiah.fi
                           kaytettavyys (Finish
                           version)

                           Simple Visualizations
                                                           Proceedings of the          Santa
                           Enhance Speaker
    Kilgore, R.,                                           49th Annual Meeting of 615- Monica
x x                        Identification When      2005                                                CN
    Chignell, M.                                           the Human Factors and 618 , CA:
                           Listening to
                                                           Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                           Spatialized Voices

                           Auditory displays - If          Proceedings of the          Santa
      King, R. A.,         they are so useful,             37th Annual Meeting of 549- Monica
    x                                               1993                                                US
      Corso, G. M.         why are they turned             the Human Factors and 553 , CA:
                           off?                            Ergonomics Society.         HFES

      Kirwin, B.,
      Evans, A.,
                                                                                        Paris,
      Donohoe, L.,         Human Factors in the            FAA/Eurocontrol 1st Air
                                                                                        FR:
    x Kilner, A.,          ATM system design    1997       Traffic Management      1-13              EU
                                                                                               http://atm-seminar-97.eur
                                                                                        Euroco
      Lamoureaux, T.,      life cycle.                     R&D Seminar
                                                                                        ntrol
      Atkinson, T.,
      MacKendrick, H.
                                                                                        Colum
                           The effects of task             Proceedings of the 6th       bus,
                           difficulty and resource         International          1107- OH:
    x King, T.                                     1991                                                 US
                           requirements on                 Symposium on Aviation 1111 Ohio
                           attention strategies.           Psychology.                  State
                                                                                        Univer
                                                                                        sity
                                                                                        Colum
      King, T.,            Dissociation revisited:         Proceedings of the 5th       bus,
      Hammerman-           Workload and                    International                OH:
    x                                              1989                                 Ohio            US
      Matsumoto, J.,       performance in a                Symposium on Aviation
      Hart, S. G.          simulated flight task           Psychology.                  State
                                                                                        Univer
                                                                                        sity
                                                        Proceedings of the           Santa
                        Ocular movement
    Kitajima, M.,                                       47th Annual Meeting of 1885- Monica
x x                     during curbside turns    2003                                                US
    Akamatsu, M.                                        the Human Factors and 1889 , CA:
                        at interesctions.
                                                        Ergonomics Society.          HFES



    Klein, M. I.,       Perceived Mental                Proceedings of the           Santa
    Riley, M. A.,       Workload in An                  49th Annual Meeting of 1014- Monica
x x                                              2005                                                US
    Warm, J. S.,        Endoscopic Surgery              the Human Factors and 1018 , CA:
    Matthews, G.        Simulator                       Ergonomics Society.          HFES



                        Comparing the
                                                                                      Vienna        Au
     Kolytinhger, T.,   immediate usability of
a                                                                                     : U of        stri
     Grechenig, T.      Graffiti 2 and virtual
                                                                                      Tech          a
                        keyboard
                                                                                                Thomas.Koeltringer@rise.tu
                        A Method for
     Komatsu, T.,       Estimating Whether a            Lecture Notes in              Spring
     Ohtsuka, S.,       User is in Smooth               Computer Science.             er
     Ueda, K.,          Communication with 2004         Mircea Gh. Negoita,     371   Berlin/        Jpn
     Komeda, T., Oka,   an Interactive Agent            Robert J. Howlett,            Heidel
     N.                 in Human-Agent                  Lakhmi C. Jain (Eds)          berg
                        Interaction
                        Comparison of control
     Lam, T. M.,
                        and display                     Journal of guidance,       Reston
     Mulder, M., van                                                          564-
a                       augmentation for      2006      Control and Dynamics,      , VA;             NE
     Paassen, M. M.,                                                          578
                        perspective flight-             29 (3)                     AIAA
     Mulder, J. A.
                        path displays
                        Using a benchmark-
    Lang, A,. W.        referenced approach             Proceedings of the           Santa
    Roth, E. M.         for validating a                46th Annual Meeting of 1878- Monica
x x                                           2002                                                   US
    Bladh, K. Hine,     powerplant control              the Human Factors and 1882 , CA:
    R.                  room: Results from              Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                        the baseline study.


                                                                                      Colum
                      Decision-making in                                              bus,
                                                        Proceedings of the
                      flight with different                                           OH:
    Latorella, K. A.,                                   11th International
x x                   convective weather         2001                                 Ohio        US
                                                                                             techreports.larc.nasa.gov/l
    Chamberlin, J. P.                                   Symposium on Aviation
                      information sources:                                            State
                                                        Psychology.
                      Preliminary results.                                            Univer
                                                                                      sity


                      Tactical vs strategic
                                                        Proceedings of the          Santa
                      behavior: General
    Latorella, K. A.,                                   46th Annual Meeting of 101- Monica
x x                   aviation piloting in       2002                                                US
    Chamberlin, J. P.                                   the Human Factors and 105 , CA:
                      convective weather
                                                        Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                      scenarios.
                                                           Proceedings of the
                                                           14th Triennial
                                                           Congress of the
      Lazaroto, D.,                                                                        Santa
                            Ergonomics: The                International
      Pohl, H. H.,                                                                6-       Monica       Brz
    x                       contribution of         2000   Ergonomics Association
      Toiller, D. A.,                                                             260      , CA:        l
                            movement at work.              and 44th Annual
      Kipper, L.                                                                           HFES
                                                           Meeting of the Human
                                                           Factors and
                                                           Ergonomics Society.
      Lee, J. D.,
                            Does a speech-based
      Brown, T. L.,
                            interface for an in-
    x Caven, B.,                                                                                    jdlee@engineering.uiowa
                                                                                                         US
                            vehicle computer
      Haake, S.,
                            distract drivers?
      Schmidt, K.
                          The development and
                          validation of the
        Lee, K. K.,                                        USA/Europe 4th Air
                          controller acceptance                                            Santa
x s     Kerns, K., Bone,                        2001       Traffic Management                         US
                                                                                                  www.mitre.org/work/tech_
                          rating scale (CARS):                                             Fe, NM
        R., Nickelson, M.                                  R&D Seminar
                          Results of empirical
                          research

                            The passive final
                            approach spacing tool          USA/Europe 2nd Air
        Lee, K. K.,                                                                        Orland
x x                         (pFAST) human         1998     Traffic Management                           US
        Sanford, B D.                                                                      o, FL
                            factors operational            R&D Seminar
                            assessment
                            Inflight Workload
                            Assessment:                    Aviation, Space, and
        Lee, Y. H., Liu, B. Comparison of                                          1078-
a                                                   2003   Environmental
        S.                  Subjective and                                         1084
                                                           Medicine, 74 (10)
                            Physiological
                            Measurements

                                                                                           Toulou
                            Evaluation subjective
                                                                                           se, FR:
                            de la charge mentale:
                                                           Research performed at           Univer
    a Levin, D.             Adaptation et mise au 2003                                                 FR
                                                                                                   www.inrs.fr
                                                           INRS                            sity of
                            point de la NASA-TLX
                                                                                           Toulou
                            (Task Load Index)
                                                                                           se

      Levuck, G. M.,                                       Third International
                            Normative design of
      Levchuk, Y. N.,                                      Command & Control
                            organizations - Part                                           Storrs,
    x Luo, J., Pattipati,                                  Research and            1-18                  US
                                                                                                   http://moody.engr.uconn.e
                            II: Organizational                                             CN
      K. R., Klienman,                                     Technology
                            Structure
      D. L.                                                Symposium
                                                                                           Toront
                            Investigation of time
                                                                                           o, CN:
        Liao, J. ,          and intensity effects          SSC W7711-0-7101/01-
    x                                               1993                                   U of         CN
        Milgram, P.         in operator workload           XSE
                                                                                           Toroon
                            and performance.
                                                                                           to
                                                        Proceedings of the          Santa
                        Calibration of
    Lichacz, F. M. J.,                                  47th Annual Meeting of 222- Monica
x x                     confidence in situation 2003                                               US
    Cain, B., Patel, S.                                 the Human Factors and 226 , CA:
                        awareness queries
                                                        Ergonomics Society.         HFES

                                                                                         Univer
                         Task and job Analysis
                                                                                         site de
a       Lievin, S.       of an information                                                         FR
                                                                                         Toulou
                         seeking task using a
                                                                                         se
                         computer screen
                         Human error in
                         patient-controlled             Proceedings of the           Santa
                         analgesia: Incident            36th Annual Meeting of 1043- Monica
x x Lin, L.                                     1992                                               CN
                         reports and                    the Human Factors and 1047 , CA:
                         experimental                   Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                         evaluation
                         Monitoring behavior in
      Liu, Y. L. Fuld,                                  International Journal of
                         manual and                                              1015-
    a R. Wickens, C.                            1993    Man-Machine Studies,                       US
                         automated scheduling                                    1029
      D.                                                39(6)
                         systems
                         Mental workload and
                         cognitive task                                               Taylor
      Liu, Y. L.,        automaticity - An                                      1843- &
    x                                         1994      Ergonomics, 37 (11)                        US
      Wickens, C. D.     evaluation of                                          1854 Francis
                         subjective and time-                                         .
                         estimation metrics
                         Patterns of task               Proceedings of the
                         interference when              1988 International
        Liu, Y. L.,                                                                      IEEE-
    x                    human functions as a 1988      Conference on                              US
        Wickens, C. D.                                                                   SMC
                         controller or a                Systems, Man, and
                         monitor                        Cybernetics

                         Visual scanning with
                                                                                     North-
                         or without spatial
      Liu, Y. L.,                                                               131- Hollan
    x                    uncertainty and         1992   Acta Psychologica, 79                      US
      Wickens, C. D.                                                            153 d/Else
                         divided and selective
                                                                                     vier
                         attention


                         The effects of level of
                         automation on the out-
    Lorenz, B.,
                         of-the-loop                    Proceedings of the               Santa     US
    DiNocera, F.,
                         unfamiliarity in a             46th Annual Meeting of 44-       Monica    IT
x x Rottger, S.,                                 2002
                         complex dynamic                the Human Factors and 48         , CA:     GR
    Parasaruraman,
                         fault-management               Ergonomics Society.              HFES      UK
    R.
                         task during simulated
                         spaceflight operations
                         Display integration
                         enhances information
      Lorenz, B.,        sampling and decision        Proceedings of the           Santa
      DiNocera, F.,      making in automated          45th Annual Meeting of 31-   Monica      US
    x                                          2001
      Parasaruraman,     fault management in          the Human Factors and 35     , CA:       IT
      R.                 a simulated                  Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                         spaceflight
                         microworld.


                                                                                  Colum
                                                                                  bus,
                         Human Performance            Proceedings of the 8th
      Lorenz, B.,                                                                 OH:
                         during a Short- and a        International          961-
a     Manzey, D.,                              1995                               Ohio
                         Long-Term Stay in            Symposium on Aviation 967
      Schiewe, A., et al                                                          State
                         Space                        Psychology.
                                                                                  Univer
                                                                                  sity

                                                                                   Taylor
                         Simplified subjective
                                                                                   &           Chi
    a Luximon, A.,       workload assessment 2001     Ergonomics, 44
                                                                                   Francis     na
                         technique
                                                                                   .

                                                                                   Kowloo
                                                      Ergonomics for Global
                                                                                   n,
      Luximon, A.,       Continuous subjective        Quality and
                                                                                   Hong       Chi
    x Goonetilleke, R.   workload assessment 1998     Productivity. R. Bishu,             www-ieem.ust.hk/dfaculty/
                                                                                   Kong:      na
      S.,                technique.                   W. Karnowski & R.
                                                                                   Hong
                                                      Goonetileke (Eds)
                                                                                   Knog U

                                                      Proceedings of the
                                                      15th Triennial
                                                      Congress of the
                                                      International
      Luximon, A.,
                                                      Ergonomics Association       Seoul,      Chi
    a Sahakyan, M.,                           2003
                                                      and the 7th Joint            Korea       na
      Aghayan, S.
                                                      Conference of the
                                                      Ergonomics Society of
                                                      Korea and the Japan
                                                      Ergonomics Society.

                                                      Proceedings of the           Santa
                         Impact of feedback
    Ma, J. Drury, C.                                  46th Annual Meeting of 2079- Monica
x x                      training in CBT in   2002                                             US
    Bisantz, A. M.                                    the Human Factors and 2083 , CA:
                         visual inspection
                                                      Ergonomics Society.          HFES


                      The use of cognitive            Proceedings of the          Santa
    Ma, J., Kudrycki, feedback by experts             47th Annual Meeting of 615- Monica
x x                                           2003                                             US
    K.                and novices in a                the Human Factors and 619 , CA:
                      judgment task.                  Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                                                                                      London
                        Presence, workload                                            ,
                        and performance                 International Journal of
       Ma, R. Q. &                                                               541- Englan
a                       effects of synthetic     2006   Human-Computer                                 US
       Kaber, D. B.                                                              552 d:
                        environment design              Studies, 64 (6)               Acade
                        factors                                                       mic
                                                                                      Press
                                                                                      SAE
      McCann, R. S.,    An evaluatio of the
                                                                                      (Warre
      Foyle, D. C.,     Taxiway Navigation
                                                                                      ndale)
      Hooey, B. L.,     and situation                   World Aviation           9855
    x                                            1998                                 & AIAA           US
      Andre, A. D.,     Awareness (T-NASA)              Congress                 41
                                                                                      (Washi
      Parke, B.,        System in hi-fidelity
                                                                                      ngton
      Kannki, B.        simulation
                                                                                      DC)

                       Space, the final
                       frontearcon: The                 Proceedings of ICAD 04-
                       idenfication of                  10th Meeting of the    4-1
      McGookin, D. K.,                                                               Sydne
    x                  concurrently            2004     International          to 4-                   UK
      Brewster, S. A.                                                                y, AU
                       presented earcons in             Conference on auditory 8
                       a synthetic spatialised          Display
                       auditory enrivonment.

                        Investigation Of The
                        NASA TLX's Ability To
                        Differentiate                   Driver Competency
a a MacNeil, S.         Experimental Task     1994      Assessment Protocols                          CN
                                                                                                  www.dca.ca/articles.htm
                        Loadings In A                   Website
                        Dynamic Urban
                        Driving Environment

                        Estimating the
                        capacity of Europe's            Transportation                   Washin
       Majumdar, A.,    airspace using a
x                                                2001   Research Board 80th              gton,         UK
       Polak, J.        simulation model of             Annual meeting.                  DC
                        air traffic controller
                        workload.
                                                        Proceedings of the
                                                        14th Triennial
                                                        Congress of the
                        HF verification and                                      3-      Santa
      Malcolm, J. S.,                                   International
                        validation activities:                                   181     Monica
    x Holford, K.,                               2000   Ergonomics Association                         CN
                        Simulator based                                          to 3-   , CA:
      Gillard, D.                                       and 44th Annual
                        operational trials.                                      184     HFES
                                                        Meeting of the Human
                                                        Factors and
                                                        Ergonomics Society.


       Manley, D.       3D spatialized audio            UK VR-SIG Conference
x x                                                                                                   UK
                                                                                                  www.nottingham.ac.uk/~e
       England, D.      in data landscapes              Proceedings
                         Investigating the
    Manning, C. A.,      validity of
                                                         USA/Europe Air Traffic
    Mills, S. H., Fox,   performance and                                               Naples
x v                                               2000   Management 3rd R&D                        US
    C. M., Pfleiderer,   objective workload                                            , IT
                                                         Seminar.
    E., Mogilka, H. J.   evaluation research
                         (POWER)




                         Relationships among                                           Colum
    Manning, C. A.,      observer ratings of                                           bus,
                                                         Proceedings of the
    Mills, S. H.,        mental workload and                                           OH:
                                                         11th International
  x Pfleiderer, E.,      taskload measures      2001                                   Ohio        US
                                                         Symposium on Aviation
    Fox, C., Mogilka,    derived from routinely                                        State
                                                         Psychology.
    H. J.                recorded air traffic                                          Univer
                         controller data.                                              sity




                     Trust as a construct
                                                         Proceedings of the
                     for evaluation of                                               Santa
    Masalonis, A. J.                                     43rd Annual Meeting of 184-
x x                  automated aids: Past 1999                                       Monica        US
    Parasuraman, R.                                      the Human Factors and 188
                     and future theory and                                           , CA
                                                         Ergonomics Society.
                     research.

                                                                                       Glasgo
                                                                                       w,
                                                                                       Scotla
     Masters, M. M.,
                        Virtual reality for              REVELATION Project            nd:
     Brewster, S. A.,                             1998                                               UK
                                                                                               http://www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/~
                        veterinary teaching              Report                        Univer
     Kriz, N., Reid, S.
                                                                                       sity of
                                                                                       Glasgo
                                                                                       w

                         Personality, coping,            Proceedings of the          Santa
    Matthews, G.,        and task-induced                46th Annual Meeting of 963- Monica        US
x x                                               2002
    Falconer, S.         stress in customer              the Human Factors and 967 , CA:           UK
                         service personnel.              Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                                                         Proceedings of the
                                                                                       Santa
                         Task-induced stress             42nd Annual Meeting
    Matthews, G.                                                                  821- Monica
x x                      and individual           1998   of the Human Factors                      UK
    Campbell, S. E.                                                               825 , CA:
                         differences in coping.          and Ergonomics
                                                                                       HFES
                                                         Society.
                         Assessment of                   Proceedings of the          Santa
    Matthews, G.
                         motivational states in          45th Annual Meeting of 906- Monica
x x Campbell, S. E.                             2001                                               UK
                         performance                     the Human Factors and 910 , CA:
    Falconer, S.
                         environments                    Ergonomics Society.         HFES
    Matthews, G.,      The common cold
                       impairs visual                 Proceedings of the           Santa
    Warm, J. S.,
                       attention,                     45th Annual Meeting of 1377- Monica         US
x x Dember, W. N.,                            2001
                       psychomotor                    the Human Factors and 1381 , CA:            UK
    Mizoguchi, H.,
                       performance, and               Ergonomics Society.          HFES
    Smith, A. P.
                       task engagement.
                                                      Proceedings of the
                                                      14th Triennial
                                                      Congress of the
                       Individual differences                                  3-      Santa
                                                      International
      Matthews, G.,    in task-induced stress                                  145     Monica     US
    x                                         2000    Ergonomics Association
      Falconer, S.     in customer service                                     to 3-   , CA:      UK
                                                      and 44th Annual
                       personnel                                               148     HFES
                                                      Meeting of the Human
                                                      Factors and
                                                      Ergonomics Society.

                                                                                       NZ:
                                                                                       Massey
    a Matthews, R.     Look! No Hands!        2000                                                  NZ
                                                                                              http://masseynews.massey
                                                                                       Univer
                                                                                       sity
                       the effect of cell
      Matthews, r.,    phone type on drivers'
                       subjective workload            Accident Analysis and 451-
a     Legg, S.,                               2003                                                UK
                       during concurrent              Prevention, Vol. 35 (4) 457
      Charlton, S.
                       driving and
                       conversing
                                                      Proceedings of the
                                                      14th Triennial
                                                      Congress of the
                       Cognitive aspects of                                            Santa
      Mayes, D. K.                                    International
                       reading information                                   1-        Monica
    x Sims, V. K.                             2000    Ergonomics Association                      US
                       from video display                                    294       , CA:
      Koonce, J. M.                                   and 44th Annual
                       terminals.                                                      HFES
                                                      Meeting of the Human
                                                      Factors and
                                                      Ergonomics Society.


                       Perceived Workload             Proceedings of the          Santa
      Mcalindon, P.,   between the Keybowl            39th Annual Meeting of 292- Monica
a                                          1995
      Lee, G. C.       and the QWERTY                 the Human Factors and 296 , CA:
                       Keyboard                       Ergonomics Society.         HFES


                                                                                    Philade
                        Effects of acute                                            lphia,
      McAulay, V.,
                        hypoglycemia on                                             PA:
      Deary, I. J.,                                   Journal of Clinical
                        motivation and                                         143- Lippinc       US
x     Sommerfield, A.                          2006   Psychopharmacology,
                        cognitive interference                                 151 ott            UK
      J., Matthews, G.,                               26 (2)
                        in people with type 1                                       Willia
      Frier, B. M.
                        diabetes                                                    ms &
                                                                                    Wilkins
    McCandless, J.
    W., McCann, R.
    S., Berumen,        Evaluation of the              Proceedings of the         Santa
                        Space Shuttle Cockpit          49th Annual Meeting of     Monica
x x Key. W.,                                  2005                            ###                US
    Gauvain, S. S.,     Avionics Upgrade               the Human Factors and      , CA:
    Palmer, V. J.,      (CAU) Displays                 Ergonomics Society.        HFES
    Stahl, W. D.,
    Hamilton, A. S.
                    Effects of task
                    duration and type of
                    automation support                 Proceedings of the          Santa
    McGarry, K.,
                    on human                           47th Annual Meeting of 548- Monica
x x Rovira, E.,                                 2003                                             US
                    performance and                    the Human Factors and 562 , CA:
    Parasuraman, R.
                    stress in a simulated              Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                    battlefield
                    engagement task.

                    Adaptive Change in
                    the Type of
                    Automation Support                 Proceedings of the          Santa
    McGarry, Key.,
                    Reduces the Cost of.               49th Annual Meeting of 307- Monica
x x Rovira, E.,                                 2005                                             US
                    Imperfect Decision                 the Human Factors and 311 , CA:
    Parasuraman, R.
                    Aids in a Simulated                Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                    Battlefield
                    Engagement Task

                                                                                     Glasgo
                        A haptically enhanced                                        w,
                        scrollbar: Force-                                            Scotla
                        feedback as a means                                          nd:
    x McGee, M. R.                                                             1-4                 UK
                                                                                             http://www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/~
                        of reducing the                                              Univer
                        problems associated                                          sity of
                        with scrolling.                                              Glasgo
                                                                                     w

                                                                                     Glasgo
                                                                                     w:
                                                                                     Scotla
                        Choosing the UI tool
                                                                                     nd:
x      McKirdy, J.      which best suits your   1999   Interact 99                               UK
                                                                                             www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/~jo/PhD
                                                                                     Univer
                        needs.
                                                                                     sity of
                                                                                     Glasgo
                                                                                     w
                                                                                     Colum
                        Assessing pilot                                              bus,
                                                       Proceedings of the
      Merchant, S.      performance in flight                                        OH:
                                                       11th International
    x Schnell, T. Kwon, decks equipped with     2001                                 Ohio        US
                                                       Symposium on Aviation
      Y.                synthetic vision                                             State
                                                       Psychology.
                        information systems.                                         Univer
                                                                                     sity
                      Conflict detection aids                                        Colum
                      for air traffic                                                bus,
                      controllers in free             Proceedings of the
                                                                                     OH:
      Metzger, U.     flight: Effects of              11th International
    x                                         2001                                   Ohio          US
      Parasuraman, R. reliable and failure            Symposium on Aviation
                                                                                     State
                      modes on                        Psychology.
                                                                                     Univer
                      performance and eye                                            sity
                      movements.
                    Free Flight and the Air           Proceedings of the
                                                                                     Santa
    Metzger, U.     Traffic Controller:               43rd Annual Meeting of
x x                                         1999                             1-4     Monica        US
    Parasuraman, R. Active control versus             the Human Factors and
                                                                                     , CA
                    passive monintoring.              Ergonomics Society.

                                                                                  Colum
      Miller, L. C.                                   Proceedings of the          bus,
                      Sustained attention                                         OH:
      Warm, J. S.                                     11th International
    x                 and feature-             2001                               Ohio             US
      Dember, W. N.                                   Symposium on Aviation
                      integrative displays.                                       State
      Schumsky, D. A.                                 Psychology.
                                                                                  Univer
                                                                                  sity
                                                      Proceedings of the
    Miller, L. C.                                                                 Santa
                    Sustained attention               42nd Annual Meeting
    Warm, J. S.                                                             1585- Monica
x x                 and feature-               1998   of the Human Factors                         US
    Dember, W. N.                                                           1589 , CA:
                    integrative displays.             and Ergonomics
    Schumsky, D. A.                                                               HFES
                                                      Society.
                        Factors influencing
                                                      Journal of UOEH, 19     233-
a     Miyake, S.        mental workload        1997
                                                      (4)                     238
                        indexes.

                        Subjective mental
                        workload assessment           Japanese Journal of
                        technique. An                 Ergonomics. Special
      Miyake, S.                                                            399-
                        introduction to NASA- 1993    Issue: How to measure                        Jpn
                                                                                              plaza8.mbn.or.jp/~jes/edit
      Kumashiro, M.                                                         498
                        TLX and SWAT and a            mental workload (29-
                        proposal of simple            6)
                        scoring methods



    Miyake, S.,
                                                      Proceedings of the           Santa
    Hashimoto, N.,
                        Human responses to            48th Annual Meeting of 2344- Monica
x x Watanabe, T.,                              2004                                                Jpn
                        workload change               the Human Factors and 2348 , CA:
    Takae, Y.,
                                                      Ergonomics Society.          HFES
    Shiraishi, Y



                        Changes in
      Mizuno, Y.
                        biodynamic functions
      Moriya, T.
                        in situations of                                                          Jpn
                                                                                              www.kyushu-ns.ac.jp/jes/p
      Irishima, K.
                        anticipation during
      Kiryu, T.
                        cycling
                                                        Proceedings of the
                                                        14th Triennial
   Moertl, P. M. P.
                       Workload and                     Congress of the
   M. Canning, J. M.                                                                 Santa
                       performance in FOPA:             International          3-65
   Jophansson, J.                                                                    Monica
                       A strategic planning      2000   Ergonomics Association to 3-              US
   Gronland, S. D.                                                                   , CA:
                       interface for Air Traffic        and 44th Annual        67
   Dougherty, M. R.                                                                  HFES
                       Control.                         Meeting of the Human
   P. Mille, S. H.
                                                        Factors and
                                                        Ergonomics Society.

  Mogford, R. M.,
  Rosiles, A.,
                       Voice technology
x Wagner, D.,                                  1997     DoT/FAA/CT-TN97/2                FAA      US
                       study report.
  Allendoerfer, K.
  R.

                                                        Proceedings of the
                                                        14th Triennial
  Mollard, R.                                           Congress of the
                                                                                 3-      Santa
  Cabon, P.            Measurement of                   International
                                                                                 208     Monica
x Bourgeois-           fatigue and sleepiness 2000      Ergonomics Association                    FR
                                                                                 to 3-   , CA:
  Bougrine, S.         in ATC simulation.               and 44th Annual
                                                                                 211     HFES
  David, H.                                             Meeting of the Human
                                                        Factors and
                                                        Ergonomics Society.

                                                                                     Taylor
                       Mental workload since            International review of 121- &
x Moray, H.                                  1988                                                 CN
                       1979.                            ergonomics, 2           147 Francis
                                                                                     .

                    A quantitative model
                    of excess workload,
                                                        Engineering Psychology           U of
  Moray, N. & Liao, subjective workload
x                                              1988     Laboratory Report EPL-           Toront   CN
  J.                estimation, and
                                                        88-03                            o, CN
                    performance
                    degradation

  Moray, N.            Strategic behavior,                                         Santa
  Dessouky, M. I.      workload, and                                          607- Monica
x                                              1991     Human Factors, 33 (6)                     CN
  Kijowski, B. A.      performance in task-                                   629 , CA:
  Adapathya, R.        scheduling                                                  HFES
                                                                                    Colum
                      The effect of previous                                        bus,
   Moroney W. F.                                        Proceedings of the 7th
                      levels of workload on
   Reising, J. Biers,                                   International          882- OH:
                      the NASA Task Load     1993                                                 US
   D. W.                                                Symposium on Aviation 885. Ohio
                      index (NASA-TLX) in a                                         State
   Eggemeier, F. T.                                     Psychology.
                      simulated flight task.                                        Univer
                                                                                    sity
                                                                                   Colum
                                                       Proceedings of the 7th      bus,
    Moroney W. F.      The Effect of Previous
                                                       International          882- OH:
a   Reising, J. Biers, Level of Workload on 1993                                                      US
                       the NASA Task Load              Symposium on Aviation 885 Ohio
    D. W. Et al                                                                    State
                       Index (TLX) in a                Psychology.
                                                                                   Univer
                       Simulated Flight Task                                       sity
    Moroney, B. W.     An evaluation of
    Nelson, W. T.      unisensory and                  Proceedings of the
    Hettinger, L. J.                                                                     Santa
                       multisensory adaptive           43rd Annual Meeting of 71-
x x Warm, J. S.                               1999                                       Monica       US
                       flight path navigation          the Human Factors and 75
    Dember, W. N.                                                                        , CA
                       displays: An initial            Ergonomics Society.
    Stoffregen, T. A. investigation.
    Haas, M. W.
                       Some measurement
                       and methodological
      Moroney, W. F.   considerations in the
                                                       International Journal of 87-
      Biers, D. W.     application of           1995                                                  US
                                                       Aviation Psychology (5) 106
      Eggemeier, F. T. subjective workload
                       measurement
                       techniques.


                       A comparison of two             Proceedings of the
      Moroney, W. F.
                       scoring procedures              1992 IEEE National
      Biers, D. W.                                                                734-
                       with the NASA task       1992   Aerospace Electronics                          US
      Eggemeier, F. T.                                                            740.
                       load index in a                 Conference. (in
      Mitchell, J. a.
                       simulated flight task.          Fischer et al, 1994)

                                                       Proceedings of the
                        Pilot performance and                                            Santa
                                                       42nd Annual Meeting
      Morphew. M. E.    workload using traffic                                    52-    Monica
                                               1998    of the Human Factors                           US
      Wickens, C. D.    displays to support                                       56     , CA:
                                                       and Ergonomics
                        free flight                                                      HFES
                                                       Society.
                        Metrics and
      Morse, E.,        methodologies for
    a Steves, M. P.,    evaluating                                                                emile.morse@nist.gov
                                                                                                       U
      Scholtz, J.       technologies for
                        intelligence analysts


      Muller, T.,                                      Cognition, Technology      211-
a                                               2002
      Giesa, H. G.                                     & Work, 4 (4)              228


                        Identification of an                                             Lawren
                                                       International Journal of
                        acceptable mixture of                                            ce
    a Murata, A.                               1999    Human-Computer                           leaonline.com
                        key and speech inputs                                            Erlbau
                                                       Interaction.
                        in bimodal interfaces.                                           m

                        The comparison of
      Murphy, L. L.,    autonomic and                  Social Psychology
    x                                                                                                 US
      Smith, K.         subjective measures            Poster presentation
                        of workload.
                        Spatially-enhanced             Proceedings of the
                        auditory cues and                                            Santa
                                                       42nd Annual Meeting
                        computer                                                496- Monica
    x Murray, L. A.                             1998   of the Human Factors                            US
                        performance on a                                        500 , CA:
                                                       and Ergonomics
                        simulated monitoring                                         HFES
                                                       Society.
                        task.
                                                       Proceedings of the
                                                       14th Triennial
                        Quantifying mental             Congress of the
                                                                                3-      Santa
       Mussgnug, J.     workload of operators          International
                                                                                527     Monica         Ge
       Neumann, M.      in future control-    2000     Ergonomics Association
                                                                                to 3-   , CA:          r
       Landau, K.       centres of the                 and 44th Annual
                                                                                529     HFES
                        Deutsche Bahn AAG              Meeting of the Human
                                                       Factors and
                                                       Ergonomics Society.



                        NASA TLX for
x      NCARI                                                                                           US
                                                                                                 http://www.manningafford
                        Windows



                        Psychische
    a Nienaber, C.      beanspruchung im        1997   Psychologie, 35          176                    EU
                        assessment center.

                        Monitoring the
    Nelson, W. T.       simultaneous
                                                       Proceedings of the
    Bolia, R. S.        presentation of                                         159-
x x                                           1998     1998 IMAGE                                    US
                                                                                                 www.hec.afrl.af.mil/publica
    Ericson, M. A.      spatialized speech                                      166
                                                       Conference
    McKinley, R. L.     signals in a virtual
                        acoustic environment.


                        Monitoring the
      Nelson, W. T.     simultaneous
                                                       Proceedings of the
      Bolia, R. S.      presentation of
    x                                           1998   16th International                             US
                                                                                                 hec.afrl.af.mil
      Ericson, M. A.    multiple spatialized
                                                       Congress on Acoustics.
      McKinley, R. L.   speech signals in the
                        free field.

                                                       Proceedings of the
                        Head-slaved tracking           14th Triennial
      Nelson, W. T.     in a see-through               Congress of the
                                                                                3-      Santa
      Bolia, R. S.      HMD: The effects of a          International
                                                                                390     Monica
    x Russell, C. A.    secondary visual      2000     Ergonomics Association                      US
                                                                                               www.hec.afrl.af.mil/publica
                                                                                to 3-   , CA:
      Morley, R. M.     monitoring task on             and 44th Annual
                                                                                393     HFES
      Roe, M. M.        performance and                Meeting of the Human
                        workload.                      Factors and
                                                       Ergonomics Society.
                        Evaluating the
                        effectiveness of                Proceedings of the          Santa
    Nelson, W. T.,      spatial audio displays          47th Annual Meeting of 202- Monica
x x                                            2003                                               US
    Bolia, R. S.        in a simulated                  the Human Factors and 206 , CA:
                        airborne command                Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                        and control task


                       Obtaining objective              Proceedings of the           Santa
      Neubauer, A. G., measurements of                  45th Annual Meeting of 1390- Monica
    x                                        2001                                                 US
      Lanier, R.       operator performance             the Human Factors and 1395 , CA:
                       with auditory alarms.            Ergonomics Society.          HFES


                        Human Factors and
                                                        Proceedings of the           Santa
                        Trainability of Piloting
    Neumann, J. L.                                      49th Annual Meeting of 2055- Monica
x x                     a Simulated Micro        2005                                             US
    Durlach, P. J.                                      the Human Factors and 2059 , CA:
                        Unmanned Aerial
                                                        Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                        Vehicl
                        Psychische
                                                                                     Lit
    a Nienaber, C.      beanspruchung im       1997                                               GE
                                                                                            http://www.lit.verlag.de/is
                                                                                     Verlag
                        assessment center.
                        Paper-based versus
                                                                                   Blackw
      Noyes, J.,        computer-based                  British Journal of
                                                                              111- ell
a     Garland, K.,      assessment: Is        2004      Educational                            UK
                                                                                          blackwell-synergy.com
                                                                              113 Publish
      Robbins, L.       workload another test           Technology, 35 (1)
                                                                                   ing
                        mode effect?

                        The impact of
                                                        Proceedings of the           Santa
                        automation use on
                                                        47th Annual Meeting of 66-   Monica
x x Nunes, A.           the mental model:      2003                                             US
                                                                                            www.aviation.uiuc.edu/Uni
                                                        the Human Factors and 70     , CA:
                        Findings from the Air
                                                        Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                        Traffic Control domain
                        The effect of
                        predictive aid usage            Proceedings of the           Santa
      Nunes, A.         on controller                   46th Annual Meeting of 66-   Monica
    x                                          2002                                               CN
      Matthews, M. L.   strategies & mental             the Human Factors and 70     , CA:
                        demand under direct             Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                        routing.
                        Psychometric
                        properties of
                        subjective workload
                                                                                     Santa
                        measurement
                                                                              17-    Monica
      Nygren, T. E.     techniques:            1991     Human Factors (33)                        US
                                                                              33     , CA:
                        Implications for their
                                                                                     HFES
                        use in the assessment
                        of perceived mental
                        workload.
                                                       Proceedings of the           Coolu
      O'Bryan, S. J.,    A Comparison of               27th Annual                  m, AU:
                                                                               139-
a     MacDonald, W.      Some Workload          1991   Conference of the            Ero         AU
                                                                               1489
      A., Evans, O. M.   Analysis Techniques           Ergonomics of                Soc of
                                                       Australia                    AU
                                                                                    Austral
                                                                                    ia:
v     O'Donnell, P.                                    Lecture                                   AU
                         Measuring subjective                                       Monas
                         workload                                                   h U.    dsslab.sims.monash.edu.au

                         Near-term procedural
                                                                                    Dayton
                         enhancement with a
                                                       Proceedings of the           , OH:
                         cockpit display of
      Olmos, B. O.                                     12th International           Wayne
x                        traffic information: 2003                                              US
      Mundra, A.                                       Symposium on Aviation        State
                         Impact on controller
                                                       Psychology.                  Univer
                         performance and
                                                                                    sity
                         workload.


                         Near-Term Procedural                                       Colum
                         Enhancements with a                                        bus,
                                                       Proceedings of the
                         Cockpit Display of                                         OH:
      Olmos, B. O.,                                    10th International    82-
a                        Traffic Information: 1999                                  Ohio        US
      Mundra, A.                                       Symposium on Aviation 87
                         Impact on Controller                                       State
                                                       Psychology.
                         Performance and                                            Univer
                         Workload                                                   sity

                        Intersection Behavior
    Olsen, E. C. B.,                                   Proceedings of the           Santa
                        of Novice Teen
    Simons-Morton,                                     49th Annual Meeting of 1907- Monica
x x                     Drivers and           2005
    B., G., Lee, S. E.,                                the Human Factors and 1911 , CA:
                        Experienced Adult
    Neale, V. L.                                       Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                        Drivers

                         SVIS Human Factor
      Operator                                                                      Univesi
                         Study in OPL display          Center for Computer-
    a Performance                               2003                                ty of       US
                                                                                            www.ccad.uiowa.edu/~opl/
                         Lab Simulator, Phase          Aided Design
      Laboratory                                                                    Iowa
                         1
                       Team stress and
                                                       Proceedings of the          Santa
    Orasanu, J.,       performance:
                                                       48th Annual Meeting of 552- Monica
x x Fischer, U., Tada, Implications for long- 2004                                              US
                                                       the Human Factors and 556 , CA:
    Y., Kraft, N.      duration space
                                                       Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                       missions.
                                                       Proceedings of the
                                                                                     Santa
                      Cell-phone voting: An            42nd Annual Meeting
    Pai, S. Panjwani,                                                          1474- Monica
x x                   interface and concept 1998       of the Human Factors                     US
    G.                                                                         1477 , CA:
                      evaluation.                      and Ergonomics
                                                                                     HFES
                                                       Society.
                         Comparison of
                         subjective mental
                                                                                       Suwon
                         workload assessment
       Park, P., Cha, D.                               Industrial engineering          ,
a                        techniques for the                                                          KR
       W.                                              Dept.                           Korea:
                         evaluation of in-
                                                                                       Ajou U
                         vehicle navigation
                         system utility
                                                                                                ppark@madang.ajou.ac.kr
                         An evaluation of
                         medium range                  IEEE-IEE Vehicle
       Parks, A. M.      “advance information”         Navigation &              238- Ottawa
a                                              1993                                                  UK
       Burnett, G. E.    inroute-guidance              Information systems       241 , CN
                         displays for use in           conference
                         vehicles

      Panttaja, E. M.,   The evaluation of
    a Reitter, D.,       adaptable multimodal                                                        IR
      Cummins, F.        system outputs.
                                                                                                erin@mle.media.mit.edu

                         Ergonomic evaluation
                         of a prototype
                                                       Proceedings of Vehicle
       Pauzie, A.,       guidance system in an
                                                       Navigation and            390- Seattle
a      Sarpedon, A.,     urban area             1995                                                 FR
                                                       Information Systems       396 , WA
       Saulnier, G.      (Discussion about
                                                       Conference
                         methodologies and
                         data collection tools)



                         Driving performance
                         and workload                  Journal of
                         assessment of drivers         Rehabilitation Research                       Sw
x      Peters, B.                              2001
                         with tetraplegia: An          and Development,                              e
                         adaptation evaluation         38(2)
                         framework.


                         Beanspruchungsmess
                         ung mit NASA-TLX,
       Pfendler, C.                                                                                   Ge
                         NASA-TLX-ZEIS und     1998                                             http://www.fgan.de/FKIE/D
       Thun, J.                                                                                       r
                         den rechnergestützten
                         Skalen
                         Untersuchung der
                         Sensitivität des NASA-
                         TLX und NASA-TLX-
                         ZEIS bei einer                Zeitschrift fur
       Pfendler, C.      Flugführungsaufgab                                      46-                  Ge
                                                2002   Arbeitswissenschaft,                     http://www.ifado.de/de/pu
       Shutte, M.        (Examination of the                                     54                   r
                                                       56
                         Sensitivity of NASA-
                         TLX and NASA-TLX-
                         ZEIS in a Flight
                         Control Task)
                          Untersuchung der
                          Sensitivität des Nasa-
                          Tlx und Nasa-Tlx-Zeis
                          bei einer
                           Flugführungsaufgabe
       Pfendler, C.,                                                                           Ge
a                         (Investigation of the 2002
       Container, M.                                                                           r
                          sensitivity of the
                          NASA TLX and NASA
                          TLX Zeis with one
                          task of flight control )



                          Comparison of the
                          Sequential Judgement
                          Scale and the NASA
                                                                                               Ge
a      Pfendler. C.       Task Load Index when 1993
                                                                                               r
                          Assessing Workload
                          with Learning
                          Processes

                          Measuring Mental
                                                        Zeitschrift fur
                          Workload with the                                    158-            Ge
a      Pfendler. C.                              1990   Arbeitswissenschaft,
                          NASA-Task Load                                       163             r
                                                        44 (3)
                          Index

                          Measuring the Impact
                          of Human-centric                                            Orland
       Pharmer, J. A.,
                          Design on Human                                             o, FL:
       Campbell, G. E.,                                                                        US
                          Performance in a                                            NAWC
       Hildebrand, G.
                          Combat Information                                          T
                          Center
                          Multiple resources
                          questionnaire and             Proceedings of the
                                                                                     Santa
                          workload profile:             42nd Annual Meeting
    Phillips, J. B.                                                            1963- Monica
x x                       Application of         1998   of the Human Factors                   US
    Boles, D. B.                                                               1967 , CA:
                          competing models to           and Ergonomics
                                                                                     HFES
                          subjective workload           Society.
                          measurement.

                                                        Proceedings of the          Santa
    Phillips, J.,         Emergency
                                                        48th Annual Meeting of 851- Monica
x x Kogekar, S.,          automated response     2004                                          US
                                                        the Human Factors and 855 , CA:
    Adams, J. A.          system (EARS)
                                                        Ergonomics Society.         HFES
      Pickup, L.,
      Wilson, J. R.,      Fundamental                                               Taylor
                                                        Theoretical issues in
                          examination of mental                                463- &
    a Sharpies, S.,                             2005    Ergnomics Science. Vol                 UK
      Norris, B.,         workload in the rail                                 482 Francis
                                                        6(6)
      Clarke, T.,         industry                                                  .
      Young, M. S.
                                                                                         Seattle
      Pitt, I. J.,       An improved auditory                                            , WA:
                                                        ACM Multimedia 97 -                          Ge
x     Edwards, A. D.     interface for the    1997                                       Crown
                                                        Electronic Proceedings                       r
      N.                 exploration of lists                                            e Plasa
                                                                                         hotel

                         A preliminary
      Popkin, S.         examination of
                                                        DoT/FRA Report ORD-              DOT/F
    x Gertler, J,        railroad dispatcher   2001                                                  US
                                                        01-08                            RA
      Reinach, S.        workload, stress, and
                         fatigue
                         Psychophysical self-
                         regulation of                  Proceedings of the          Santa
    Popkin, S.
                         hazardous states of            43rd Annual Meeting of      Monica
x a Gertler, J,                                1999                            1389                  US
                         awareness during               the Human Factors and       , CA:
    Reinach, S.
                         adaptive task                  Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                         allocation.


                                                                                         Atlanta
      Price, J. L.,                                                                      , GA:
a                        Part-Whole Statistics                                                       US
      Catrambone, R.                                                                     Georgi
                         Training: Effects on                                            a Tech
                         Learning and
                         Cognitive Load
                                                                                         Hampt
                         Application of
                                                                                         on,
                         physiological self-
                                                                                         VA:
                         regulation and
    Prinzel, L. J. III                                                                   NASA
                         adaptive task                  NASA TM-2001-
x a Pope, A. T.                                  2001                                                 US
                                                                                         Langle Larry.J.Prinzel@nasa.gov
                         allocation techniques          211015
    Freeman, F. G.                                                                       y
                         for controlling
                                                                                         Resear
                         operator hazardous
                                                                                         ch
                         states of awareness.
                                                                                         Center

                                                                                         Hampt
                                                                                         on,
    Prinzel, L. J. III   Empirical analysis of                                           VA:
    Pope, A. T.          EEG and ERPs for                                                NASA
                                                        NASA.TM-2001-
x a Freeman, F. G.       psychophysiological     2001                                                 US
                                                                                         Langle Larry.J.Prinzel@nasa.gov
                                                        211016
    Scerbo, M. W.        adaptive task                                                   y
    Mikula, P. J.        allocation.                                                     Resear
                                                                                         ch
                                                                                         Center

                         Task-Specific Sex
                         Differences in
      Prinzel, L.J.,     Vigilance                      Perceptual and Motor     1195-
a                                                1997                                                US
      Freeman, F.G.,     Performance:                   Skills, 85 (3)           1202
                         Subjective Workload
                         and Boredom
       Prinzel, L.J.,     A closed-loop system
       Freeman, F.G.,     for examining                 International Journal of
                                                                                 393-
a      Scerbo, M.W.,      psychophysiological   2000    Aviation Psychology,                           US
                                                                                                 Larry.J.Prinzel@nasa.gov
                                                                                 410
       Mikulka,           measures for adaptive         10 (4)
       P.J.,Pope, A.T.    automation.

                                                                                        Colum
                          Controller Workload
                                                                                        bus,
                          and Communication in          Proceedings of the
                                                                                        OH:
                          a Simulated Terminal          11th International
x x Prinzo, O. V.                               2001                                    Ohio          US
                          Option, as Influenced         Symposium on Aviation
                                                                                        State
                          by Data-Linked Pilot          Psychology.
                                                                                        Univer
                          Response Time
                                                                                        sity

                          Temporal effects of
                          data linked pilot             Proceedings of the              Santa
                          responses on                  47th Annual Meeting of          Monica
x x Prinzo, O. V.                               2003                           93                     US
                          controller workload           the Human Factors and           , CA:
                          and communications            Ergonomics Society.             HFES
                          task performance.

                          Empirical evaluations         Proceedings of the          Santa
      Pritchett, A. R.,
                          of pilot planning             45th Annual Meeting of      Monica
    x Nix, S. C.,                               2001                           6-10                   US
                          behavior in                   the Human Factors and       , CA:
      Oskerman, J. J.
                          emergency situations          Ergonomics Society.         HFES

                          Human factors                 FAA/Eurocontrol 3rd
      Quinn, C.,          evaluatin of active           Air Traffic
    x                                            2000                                                 US
      Robinson, J. E.     final approach spacing        Management Seminar.
                          tool concepts.                ATM 2000

    Raley, C.,
                          Augmented Cognition           Proceedings of the           Santa
    Stripling, R.,
                          Overview: Improving           48th Annual Meeting of 1150- Monica
x x Kruse, A.,                                2004                                                    US
                          information intake            the Human Factors and 1154 , CA:
    Schmorrow, S.,
                          under stress.                 Ergonomics Society.          HFES
    Patrey, J.


                           Mobile Subscriber            Proceedings of the           Yoncall
       Ramirez, T. L.,
                           Equipment Operations         30th Annual             189- a, OR:
a      Hoffman, M. G.,                          1992                                                  US
                           in a Chemical                Symposium of the        197 SAFE
       Allen, B. L., et al
                           Environment                  SAFE Association             Assn


                     Development of a test
    Ranney, T. A.,   protocol to                        Proceedings of the           Santa
    Mazzae, E. N.,   demonstrate the                    45th Annual Meeting of 1581- Monica
x x                  effects of secondary  2001                                                       US
    Garrott, W. R.,                                     the Human Factors and 1585 , CA:
    Barickman, F. S. tasks on closed-                   Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                     course driving
                     performance
                     The impact of
                                                         Proceedings of the           Santa
    Rantanen, E. M., communication delays
                                                         46th Annual Meeting of 56-   Monica
x x McCarley, J. S., on air traffic         2002                                                    US
                                                         the Human Factors and 60     , CA:
    Xu, X.           controller's vectoring
                                                         Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                     performance.


                         Enhancing Athletic
                         Performance: Cool                                            Wheeli
                         Down and Recovery                                            ng,
                         Through Odorant                 Research funded by           WV:
                         Administration,                 the NASA West Virginia       Wheeli
a     Raudenbush, B.                                                                               US
                                                                                             https://www.wju.edu/abou
                         Assessment of                   Space Grant                  ng
                         Physiological                   Consortium                   Jesuit
                         Variables, Mood and                                          Univer
                         NASA-TLX Workload                                            sity
                         Measures
                         Use of the National                                          Wheeli
                         Aeronautics and                                              ng,
                         Space Administration            Research funded by           WV:
                         Task Load Index                 the NASA West Virginia       Wheeli
a     Raudenbush, B.     (NASA-TLX) in                                                              US
                                                         Space Grant                  ng
                         assessing                       Consortium                   Jesuit
                         cardiovascular                                               Univer
                         activity: Stationary                                         sity
                         Bicycle vs. Treadmill.

                         Étude expérimentale
                         de l'applicabilité de
                         modèles d'agrégation
                                                         ÉPIQUE 2001, Actes
      Raufaste, E.,      flous à l'étude de la
                                                         des Journées d'étude
      Terrier, P.,       charge mentale.
                                                         en Psychologie               Nantes
    a Grabisch, M.,      (Experimental study     2001                                              FR
                                                                                             http://www-sop.inria.fr/aca
                                                         ergonomique (Days of         , FR
      Lang, J., Prade,   of the applicability of
                                                         studies in Ergonomic
      H.                 vague models of
                                                         Psychology)
                         aggregation being
                         studied of the mental
                         effects.)




a     Rebetz, C.                                  2004                                              FR
                         Results of a general
                         linear model of effort
                         based on TLX                                                          tecfa.unige.ch/perso/staf/ r
                                                       Proceedings of the
                                                       14th Triennial
                                                       Congress of the
                        Evaluation of a novice                                  2-      Santa
      Regan, M. A.,                                    International
                        driver CD-rom based                                     334     Monica
    x Triggs, T. J.,                           2000    Ergonomics Association                         AU
                        training program: A                                     to 2-   , CA:
      Godley, S. T.                                    and 44th Annual
                        simulator study.                                        337     HFES
                                                       Meeting of the Human
                                                       Factors and
                                                       Ergonomics Society.

                        Measures of driver
                        behavior and
                        cognitive workload in
       Reggero, C.      a driving simulator
       Hogman, L.       and in real traffic                                                            US
                                                                                                 http://ppc.uiowa.edu/drivin
       Patten, C.       environment -
                        – experiences from
                        two experimental
                        studies in Sweden

                        Handbook of Human
                        Performance
                                                                                        CSERI
x      Rehman, A. J.    Measures and Crew       1995   DOT/FAA/CT-TN095/49 1-93                       US
                                                                                        AC
                        Requirements for
                        Flightdeck Research

                                                       Proceedings of the
                                                                                      Santa
                        Critical SWAT values           32nd Annual Meeting
      Reid, G. B.,                                                              1414- Monica
    x                   for predicting          1988   of the Human Factors                           US
      Colle, H. A.                                                              1418 , CA:
                        operator workload.             and Ergonomics
                                                                                      HFES
                                                       Society.

                         Workload, error
       Reilley, S.,      detection, and
                                                       Perceptual and Motor     27-
       Grasha, A. F. M., experienced streee in 2002                                                   US
                                                       Skills, 95 (1)           46
       Schafer, J.       a simulated pharmacy
                         verification task


                        Automatic-Controlled
       REILLEY, S.,     Information
       GRASHA, A.F.,    Processing and Error           Perceptual and Motor     151-
a                                            2003                                                     US
       MATTHEWS, G.,    Detection in a                 Skills, 97 (1)           174
       et al.           Simulated Pharmacy-
                        Verification Task
      Reska, R.,
      Zimerman, C.,
      Brasse, C.,                                                                     Wuppe
      Bocker, M.,                                                                     rtal,
                                                                                                    Ge
    x Langhoff, T.,        Ver-T-iCall-Toolbox     2002                          1-97 GE:     http://www.ver-t-icall.de
                                                                                                    r
      Brandel, R.,                                                                    Bergisc
      Sust, C., Seiller,                                                              he U
      K., Esch, K.,
      Kronenfeld, L.

                         The effects of
      Reynolds, J. L.,                                    Proceedings of the          Santa
                         different forms of
      Drury, C. G.,                                       38th Annual Meeting of 631- Monica
    x                    space restriction on      1994                                              US
      Sharit, J., Cerny,                                  the Human Factors and 635 , CA:
                         inspection
      F.                                                  Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                         performance.


                           [review of many ways
a      Richardson, M.                                                                                 UK
                           to measure workload]
                                                                                                http://ibs.derby.ac.uk/ergo
                           Small fields of view
                                                          Proceedings of the
                           interfere with                                              Santa
      Richman, J. B.,                                     42nd Annual Meeting
                           perception of heading                                 1545- Monica
    x Stanfield, J.,                             1998     of the Human Factors                       US
                           during active control                                 1549 , CA:
      Dyre, B. O.                                         and Ergonomics
                           but not passive                                             HFES
                                                          Society.
                           viewing.

                           The effects of visual
                           display type and
                           navigational aid on            Proceedings of the
                                                                                       Santa
    Riley, J. M.,          performance,                   43rd Annual Meeting of 1251-
x x                                                1999                                Monica        US
    Kaber, D. B.           presence, and                  the Human Factors and 1255
                                                                                       , CA
                           workload in virtual            Ergonomics Society.
                           reality training of
                           telerover nagivation.


                           The Effect of                  Proceedings of the          Santa
                           Information Overhead           49th Annual Meeting of 666- Monica
x x Rivera, D.                                  2005                                                 CN
                           on Perceived                   the Human Factors and 670 , CA:
                           Workload                       Ergonomics Society.         HFES




                           Ergonomic and
x      RL Technologies                             2003   Report
                           usablity tests
                             Investigating
    Rognin, L.               delegation of spacing            Proceedings of the           Santa
    Zeghal, K.               tasks from air traffic           46th Annual Meeting of 71-   Monica
x x                                                    2002                                              FR
    Grimaud, I.              controllers to pilots.           the Human Factors and 75     , CA:
    Hoffman, E.              Impact on controller             Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                             activity.

        Rognin, L.,
                             Prise en compte des              Journee Club /SEE-SIC
        Grimaud, I.,
    s                        facteurs humains        2001     Facteurs Humains,                           FR
                                                                                                    http://www. Eurocontrol.fr/
        Hoffman, E. ,
                             dans le control aerien.          April 19
        Zeghal, K.

                             Efficacy of stress               Proceedings of the           Santa
    Ross, J. M.,
                             exposure training on             48th Annual Meeting of 2187- Monica
x x Ganey, H. C.,                                      2004                                              US
                             target acquisition in            the Human Factors and 2191 , CA:
    Broadway, R. A.
                             combat simulations.              Ergonomics Society.          HFES

                             The impact of
                             dispositional optimism           Proceedings of the           Santa
    Ross, J. M.,
                             and pessimism on                 48th Annual Meeting of 1233- Monica
x x Szalma, J. L.,                                   2004                                                US
                             stress as a function of          the Human Factors and 1237 , CA:
    Hancock, P. A.
                             psychophysical task              Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                             characteristics




                             The impact of
    Ross, J. M.,                                              Proceedings of the           Santa
                             automation use on
    Szalma, J. L.,                                            47th Annual Meeting of 1712- Monica
x x                          the mental model:      2003                                                 US
    Thropp, J.,                                               the Human Factors and 1716 , CA:
                             Findings from the Air
    Hancock, P. A.                                            Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                             Traffic Control domain




    Roth, E. M.,             Human in the loop
                                                              Proceedings of the          Santa
    Hanson, M. L.,           evaluation of a mixed-
                                                              48th Annual Meeting of 280- Monica
x x Hopkins, C.,             initiative system for  2004                                                 US
                                                              the Human Factors and 284 , CA:
    Mancuso, V.,             planning and control
                                                              Ergonomics Society.         HFES
    Zacharias, G. L.         of multiple UAV teams



                      Effects of unreliable                   Proceedings of the          Santa
      Rovira, E.,
                      automation on                           46th Annual Meeting of 428- Monica
    x McGary, K.,                           2002                                                         US
                      decision making in                      the Human Factors and 432 , CA:
      Parasuraman, R.
                      command and control.                    Ergonomics Society.         HFES




                             Heart rate variability:
        Rowe, D. W.,
                             Indicator of user state
x       Sibert, J., Irwin,                                                                               US
                                                                                                    drowe@mitre.org
                             as an aid to human-
        D.
                             computer interaction
                         Aspectos
                         metodologicos de las
      Rubio, S., Diaz,                                   Arch Prev Riesgos         160-
x x                      evaluacion subjectiva 2001                                                www.scsmt.org/resums/ 20
      E., Martin, J.                                     Labor, 4(4)               168
                         de la carga mental de
                         trajajo

                         Evaluation of
                         subjective mental
    Rubio, S., Diaz,                                     Applied Psychology: An
                         workload: A                                            61-
a a E., Martin, J.,                          2004        International Review,                          FR
                                                                                                   blackwell-synergy.com
                         comparison of SWAT,                                    86
    Puente, J. M.                                        53(1).
                         NASA-TLX, and
                         Workload Profile.

                         Establishing workload
                                                         Proceedings of the               Santa
    Rueb, J.,            acceptability: An
                                                         36th Annual Meeting of 17-       Monica
x x Vidulich, M. A.,     evaluation of a       1992                                                     US
                                                         the Human Factors and 21         , CA:
    Hassoun, J.          proposed KC-135
                                                         Ergonomics Society.              HFES
                         cockpit redesign.

                         Human interaction
                         with levels of
                                                         Human Factors in the
                         automation and
      Ruff, H. A., S.                                    Design of Tactical
                         decision-aid fidelity in                                  335-
    a Narayanan , S.,                             2002   Display Systems for                            US
                         the supervisory                                           351
      Draper, M. H.                                      the Individual Soldier,
                         control of multiple
                                                         11 (4)
                         simulated unmanned
                         air vehicles

                                                         Proceedings of the          Santa
                         Validation of a two
    Safar, J. A.,                                        49th Annual Meeting of 126- Monica
x x                      factor structure for   2005                                                    US
    Turner, C. W.                                        the Human Factors and 0073 , CA:
                         system trust
                                                         Ergonomics Society.         HFES

                                                                                        Hobok
      Salem, S., Paez,
                         Performance tracking            Human Factors and              en, NJ:
      O. Holley, M.,                                                               133-
x                        through the work       2006     Ergonomics in                  John            US
      Tuncel, S.,                                                                  153
                         compatibility model             Manufacturing, 16 (2)          Wiley
      Genaidy, A.
                                                                                        & Sons

                         Automation in the
                         Home: The                       Proceedings of the          Santa
    Sanchez, J,.
                         Development of An               49th Annual Meeting of 432- Monica
x x Calcaterra, G.,                              2005                                                   US
                         Appropriate System              the Human Factors and 0735 , CA:
    Tran, Q. Q.
                         Representation and              Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                         Its Effects on Reliance
                                                                                    Warren
                                                                                    dale,
      Sandry-Garza,      Transport Aircraft                                         PA:
      DL, Boucek Jr.,    Crew Workload                                              Societ
                                                        SAE Technical Paper
x     GP, Logan, AL,     Assessment-Where        1987                               y of      US
                                                        Series #71769
      Biferno, MA, and   Have We Been and                                           Autom
      Corwin, W. H       Where are we going.                                        otive
                                                                                    Engine
                                                                                    ers
                         A Short History of HCI
    Savage, R.,          Research and Trends            Proceedings of the          Santa
    Stader, S.,          Published in the               49th Annual Meeting of 778- Monica
x x                                             2005                                          US
    McNeese, P. L.,      Journal Human                  the Human Factors and 782 , CA:
    Moulousa, M.         Factors from 1984 to           Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                         2004
                         Comparing in-
                                                        Proceedings of the          Santa
                         keyboard pointing
    Sawin, D. A.,                                       43rd Annual Meeting of 501- Monica
x x                      devices:               1999                                          US
    Ark, W.                                             the Human Factors and 505 , CA:
                         Considerations for the
                                                        Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                         practitioner.
                                                        Proceedings of the           Santa
      Sawin, D. A.,                                     37th Annual Meeting of 1383- Monica
a                        Vigilance: Where Has    1993                                         US
      Scerbo, M. W.                                     the Human Factors and 1387 , CA:
                         All the Workload
                                                        Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                         Gone?
                                                        Proceedings of the           Santa
                         Vigilance: How to do
      Sawin, D. A.,                                     38th Annual Meeting of 1312- Monica
    x                    it and who should do    1994                                         US
      Scerbo, M. W.                                     the Human Factors and 1316 , CA:
                         it.
                                                        Ergonomics Society.          HFES

                         Effects of instruction
                         type and boredom                                          Santa
      Sawin, D. A.,      proneness in                                         752- Monica
    a                                            1995   Human Factors, 37 (4)                 US
      Scero, M. W.       vigilance: Implications                              765 , CA:
                         for boredom and                                           HFES
                         workload

                                                        Proceedings of the
                                                                                     Santa
                         50 years of vigilance          42nd Annual Meeting
                                                                               1575- Monica
    x Scerbo, M. W.      research: Where are     1998   of the Human Factors                  US
                                                                               1579 , CA:
                         we now?                        and Ergonomics
                                                                                     HFES
                                                        Society.
                                                                                    Hampt
                                                                                    on,
    Scerbo, M. W.,       The efficacy of                                            VA:
    Freeman, F. G.,      psychophysiological                                        NASA
x a Mikula, P. J.,       measures for            2001   NASA TP-2001-211018         Langle    US
    Parasuraman, R.,     implementing                                               y
    Di Nocero, P. J.     adaptive technology                                        Resear
                                                                                    ch
                                                                                    Center
                     Vigilance: It's boring,             Proceedings of the           Santa
    Scerbo, M. W.,
                     it's difficult, and I               36th Annual Meeting of 1508- Monica
x x Greenwald, C.                            1992                                                    US
                     can't do anything                   the Human Factors and 1511 , CA:
    Q., Sawin, D. A.
                     about it.                           Ergonomics Society.          HFES




                        Training digital
                                                         Proceedings of the           Santa
                        system skills:
      Schaab, B. B.,                                     45th Annual Meeting of 1820- Monica
    x                   Increasing transfer       2001                                               US
      Dressel, J. D.                                     the Human Factors and 1824 , CA:
                        and reducing
                                                         Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                        workload.



                        Context-sensitive                                             Brussel
                        speech recognition in                                   1-    s, BE:
x a Schaefer, D.                                  2001   EEC Note #02/2001                           FR
                        the air traffic control                                 207   Euroco
                        simulation.                                                   ntrol


                        Assessment of mental             Presented at
      Schaefer, D.      workload. Part I:                International Summer
    v                                        2003                                     Graz          EU
                                                                                                wundt.uni-graz.at/isap3/do
      Stroussberger, S. Basics of workload               School on Aviation
                        assessment.                      Psychology.

                                                                                      Aberde
                                                                                      en
                        An evaluation of                                              Provin
                        operator workload                                             g
a     Schipani, S. P.   during partially-                                             Groun          US
                        autonomous vehicle                                            d, MD:
                        operations                                                    USA
                                                                                      Resear
                                                                                      ch Lab
                                                                                                www.isd.mel.nist.gov/.../re
                        Aviation research at
                        the operator
                                                                                      Univer
                        performance
a     Schnell, T.                                                                                  US
                                                                                      sity of arrow.win.ecn.uiowa.edu/s
                        laboratory (OPL)
                                                                                      Iowa
                        Center for Computer
                        Aided Design CCAD)



x v Scholtz, J.         Synergistic Teams!                                                          US
                                                                                                www.csc.calpoly.edu/~erog
                         Experimental                    Proceedings of the          Santa
                         validation of                   38th Annual Meeting of 340- Monica
    x Schryver, J. C.                             1994                                            US
                         navigation workload             the Human Factors and 344 , CA:
                         metrics.                        Ergonomics Society.         HFES




                         Analysis and
                         evaluation of cockpit           Proceedings of the           Santa
    Schweingruber,       concept and crew                43rd Annual Meeting of 36-   Monica      Ge
x x                                               1999
    J.                   concept of a two-               the Human Factors and 40     , CA:       r
                         seater combat                   Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                         aircraft.

       Scupelli, P.,     Project View IM: A
       Kiesler, S.,      tool for juggling                                            Portlan
x                                                 2005   CHI-2005 (Poster)                        US
       Fussell, S. R.,   multiple projects and                                        d, OR
       Cheu, C.          teams.
                                                                                      Berlin,
                         Design of gaze-based                                         GE:
                         interaction as part of                                                  Ge
    x Seifert, K.                                                                1-10 Terhni www.mms.tu-berlin.de/seit
                         multimodal human-                                            cal        r
                         computer interaction.                                        Univer
                                                                                      sity
                                                                                      Clamar
                                                         Proceedings of the 7th       t
                         Assessment of
                                                         European Annual              Cedex,
                         Subjective Mental                                      69-               Ge
a      Sepehr, M. M.                          1988       Conference on Human          FR:
                         Workload Using NASA-                                   75                r
                                                         Decision Making and          Electric
                         Task Load Index
                                                         Manual Control               ite de
                                                                                      France


                                                                                      Dayton
                        A multi-dimensional              Proceedings of the           , OH:
       Shamo, M. K.
                        evaluation                       12th International           Wayne       Isrl
x      Dror, R. Degani,                           2003
                        methodology for new              Symposium on Aviation        State       US
       A.
                        cockpit systems.                 Psychology.                  Univer
                                                                                      sity

                         Comparative study of
                         subjective mental
                         workload assessment
                         techniques for the
x x Shankar, S.
                         evaluation of ITS-
                         oriented human
                         machine Interface
                         Systems
                            The effects of gain
                            adaptation on QoS               Proceedings of the           Santa
    Sheik-Nainar,           deterioration in an             47th Annual Meeting of 2088- Monica
x x M.A., Kaber, D.         internet based           2003                                               US
                                                            the Human Factors and 2092 , CA:
    B., Chow, M-Y.          teleoperation using a           Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                            virtual reality
                            interface
                            The effects of
                            modafinil, D-
                            Amphetamine, and                DCIEM-95-P-45
                                                                                            Ontari
      Shek, Y Pigeau        placebo on                      Canadian Defense
    a                                                1995                                                CN
                                                                                            o, CN: http://pubs.drdc-rddc.gc.ca
      R.                    physiological and               Research and
                                                                                            DCIEM
                            psychological stress            Development
                            during sleep
                            deprivation

       Shinihara, K.        Tapping task as a
                                                                                     144-
a      Miura, T., Usui,     index of mental          2002                                               Jpn
                                                                                     151
       S.                   workload in a time              Japanese Psychological
                            sharing task                    Research, 44 (3)
                            Psychophysiological
       Shinoda, H.,         Evaluation of Mental
                                                                                     37-
a      Kokubun, M.,         Work Load Factors        1998                                               Jpn
                                                                                     44
       Haga, S.             Using the Dual Task             Japanese Journal of
                            Method                          Ergonomics, 34 (1)
       Shively, R. J.,                                                                  Colum
       Battiste, V.,        In-flight evaluation of         Proceedings of the 4th      bus,
       Matsumoto, J.,       pilot workload                  International          637- OH:
a                                                   1987                                                US
       Pepitone, D.,        measures for                    Symposium on Aviation 643 Ohio
       Bortolussi, M. R.,   rotorcraft research,            Psychology                  State
       Hart, S. G.                                                                      Univer
                                                                                        sity

                            Matching instructional          Proceedings of the           Santa
    Sierra, E. A.
                            media with                      46th Annual Meeting of 2089- Monica
x x Fisk, A. D.                                    2002                                                 US
                            instructional                   the Human Factors and 2093 , CA:
    Rogers, W. A.
                            demands.                        Ergonomics Society.          HFES


                                                                                            Cristch
                                                                                            urch,
a      Sirisena, A,         Mobile text entry.       2002   Report                          NZ: U       NZ
                                                                                            of
                                                                                            Canter
                                                                                            bury
                                                            Proceedinga of the
                                                            Third International
                          Workload changes in               Driving Symposium on
       Slick, R. F.,                                                                        Kansas
                          teenaged drivers                  Human Factors in
a      Cady, E. T., Tran,                                                                   State       US
                          driving with                      Driver Assessment,
       T. Q.                                                                                U
                          distractions                      Training and Vehicle
                                                            Design
      Smith, A., Brice,     Effects of upper                                                Taylor
      C., Leach, A.,        respiratory tract                                               &
    a                                                2004   Ergonomics, 47
      Tiley, M.,            illnesses in a working                                          Francis
      Williamson, S.        population.                                                     .
    Smith, C. F.,   Use of a Functional                    Proceedings of the               Santa
    Fadden, S.,     Aviation Display                       49th Annual Meeting of 59-       Monica
x x                                                2005                                                   US
    Boehm-Davis, D. Under Varying                          the Human Factors and 63         , CA:
    A.              Workload Conditions                    Ergonomics Society.              HFES



                                                           Proceedings of the           Santa
                           Analysis of tools to
      Smith, P. E.                                         48th Annual Meeting of 1561- Monica
    x                      manage eingineering     2004                                                   US
      Kleiner, B. M.                                       the Human Factors and 1565 , CA:
                           design life-cycles
                                                           Ergonomics Society.          HFES

       Smith, J.,
       Thomas, M.,
       Listz, F., Pasta,                                   Defence Research and             Toront
a                                                  2002                                                   CN
       L., Bottle, C.,                                     Development                      o, CN
       Gills, V.,          Effects of Sleep Loss
       TheBoss, R.         on Team Decision
                           Making                                                                    http://www.ntt.ca/pia/PIAs
                                                           Proceedings of the
                                                                                         Santa
                           Focused attention in            42nd Annual Meeting
    Smith-Jackson,                                                                  806- Monica
x x                        the context of          1998    of the Human Factors                           US
    T.                                                                              810 , CA:
                           irrelevant speech               and Ergonomics
                                                                                         HFES
                                                           Society.


                           Modeling mental                 Proceedings of the           Santa
                           workload and task               45th Annual Meeting of 1694- Monica
    x Smyth, C. C.                                  2001                                                  US
                           performance for                 the Human Factors and 1698 , CA:
                           indirect vision driving.        Ergonomics Society.          HFES



                                                           Proceedings of the
                                                           14th Triennial
                           Indirect vision driving
                                                           Congress of the
                           with fixed flat panel                                    6-      Santa
                                                           International
                           displays for near                                        541     Monica
    x Smyth, C. C.                                 2000    Ergonomics Association                         US
                           unity, wide, and                                         to 6-   , CA:
                                                           and 44th Annual
                           extended fields of                                       544     HFES
                                                           Meeting of the Human
                           camera view.
                                                           Factors and
                                                           Ergonomics Society.
                           Effects of primary
                           flight symbology on
        Snow, M. P.,       workload and
    x                                             2002   ASC-02-1999           1-10               US
        French, G. A.      situation awareness in
                           a head-up synthetic
                           vision display.




                           A study on the
                           student pilot's mental                                    Taylor
        Sohn, S. Y., Jo,   workload due to                                     1566- &
a                                                 2003   Ergonomics, 46 (15)                      KR
        Y. K.              personality types of                                1577 Francis
                           both instructor and                                       .
                           student.

                           The effect of voice
                                                                                      Atlanti
                           communications
      Sollenberger, R.                                                                c City,
                           latency in high
    a L. McAnulty, D.                            2003    DOT/FAA/CT-TN03/04           NJ:         US
                           density,
      M. Kerns, K.                                                                    FAA/W
                           communications
                                                                                      HHTC,
                           intensive airspace
                         The Effect of Voice
                                                                                    Atlanti
        Sollenberger, R. Communications
                                                                                    c City,
        L., McAnulty, D. Latency in High         2003    DOT/FAA/CT/TN03/04    1-62               US
                         Density,                                                   NJ:
        M., Kerns, K.
                         Communications-                                            WJHTC
                         Intensive Airspace
                                                                                      CN:
                                                                                      Univer
        Soudian, S. Fels, Verbal source code                                          sity of www.info.uqam.ca/~lounis
x x                                              2002    IEEE WESS'2002                           CN
        D. I.             descriptor.                                                 Br
                                                                                      Colum
                                                                                      bia


        Soudian, S., Fels, Verbal source code
x                                                2002    IEEE WESS 2002        1-8                CN
        D. I.              descriptor


                      Adaptability and
      Squire, P.,     flexibility are key?
                      Benefits of the                    Proceedings of the           Santa
      Furukawa, H.,
                      "playbook" interface               48th Annual Meeting of 61-   Monica
    x Galster, S.,                               2004                                             US
                      for human                          the Human Factors and 65     , CA:
      Miller, C.,
                                                         Ergonomics Society.          HFES
      Parasuraman, R. supervision of
                      multiple unmanned
                      vehicles
                    Defining the
                                                     Proceedings of the          Santa
                    challenges operators
    Squire, P. N.,                                   49th Annual Meeting of 392- Monica
x x                 face when controlling     2005                                                 US
    Parasuraman, R.                                  the Human Factors and 396 , CA:
                    multiple unmanned
                                                     Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                    vehicles.
                     Recovery from
                     Interruptions to a              Proceedings of the          Santa
    St John, M,
                                                     49th Annual Meeting of 392- Monica
x x Smallman, H. S., Dynamic Monitoring       2005                                                 US
                     Task: The Beguiling             the Human Factors and 396 , CA:
    Manes, D. I.
                     Utility of Instant              Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                     Replay
                                                                                      Colum
                                                     Proceedings of the               bus,
     Stanfield, J.                                                                    OH:
                      Communications-                11th International
     Richman, J. B.                           2001                                    Ohio         US
                      Intensive Airspace             Symposium on Aviation
     Dyre, B. P.                                                                      State
                                                     Psychology.
                                                                                      Univer
                                                                                      sity
                                                     Proceedings of the
                                                     14th Triennial
                                                     Congress of the
                      The role of mental                                      3-      Santa
                                                     International
    Stanton, N. A.,   models in using                                         298     Monica
  x                                           2000   Ergonomics Association                        UK
    Young, M. S.      adaptive cruise                                         to 3-   , CA:
                                                     and 44th Annual
                      control.                                                301     HFES
                                                     Meeting of the Human
                                                     Factors and
                                                     Ergonomics Society.



                      Investigating display          Proceedings of the          Santa
                      integration in                 47th Annual Meeting of 134- Monica
x x Stark, J. M.                              2003                                                 US
                      candidate synthetic            the Human Factors and 138 , CA:
                      vision displays                Ergonomics Society.         HFES



                      A preliminary
    Stark, J. M.
                      examination of                 Proceedings of the               Santa
    Comstock, R.
                      situation awareness            45th Annual Meeting of 40-       Monica
x x Prinzel, L. J.                          2001                                                  US
                                                                                             avsp.larc.nasa.gov/pdfs/csr
                      and pilot performance          the Human Factors and 44         , CA:
    Burdette, D. W.
                      in a synthetic vision          Ergonomics Society.              HFES
    Scerbo, M. W.
                      environment.

                      The effects of
                                                                                      Colum
                      complacency potential
                                                                                      bus,
                      and boredom                    Proceedings of the
                                                                                      OH:
    Stark, J. M.,     proneness on                   11th International
  a                                         2001                                      Ohio         US
    Scerbo, M. W.     perceived workload             Symposium on Aviation
                                                                                      State
                      and task performance           Psychology.
                                                                                      Univer
                      in an automated
                                                                                      sity
                      environment.
                                                                                         NASA
                                                         Proceedings of the
                         Combinatorial rules                                             Ames
                                                         23rd Annual
    x Staveland, L. E.   for generating           1988                                   Resear   US
                                                         Conference on Manual
                         workload ratings                                                ch
                                                         Control
                                                                                         Center

      Stevens, R. D.,    An Approach to the
                                                         Proceedings of Assets   64-
x     Edwards, A. D.     Evaluation of Assistive 1996                                    ACM      UK
                                                         '96,                    71
      N.                 Technology

                                                                                         Vancou
                                                         Proceedings of the
    Stevens, R. D.,      An approach to the                                              ver,
                                                         American Helicopter     64-
x x Edwards, A. D.       evaluation of assistive 1996                                    BC       UK
                                                         Society 57th Annual     71
    N.                   technology.                                                     Canad
                                                         Forum.
                                                                                         a: ACM
                         A tool for the                  European Organization
                         assessment of the               for the Safety of Air           EUROC
      Straeter, O,       impact of change in
x x                                               2004   Navigation Report               ONTRO    EU
      Barbarino, M.      automated ATM                   (HRS/HSP-0050REP-               L
                         systems on mental               03)
                         workload.

      Svensson, E.,      Information
      Angelborg-         Complexity - Mental
                                                                                 362-
a     Thaderz, M.,       Workload and             1997   Ergonomics, 40 (3)
                                                                                 308
      Sjoberg, L.,       Performance in
      Olsson, S.         Combat Aircraft



      Sweeney, M.        Evaluating user                 International Journal of
                                                                                  689-
    x MaGuire, M.        computer interaction - 1993     Man-Machine Studies,                     UK
                                                                                  711
      Shackel, B.        A framework                     38(4)


                         Individual differences          Proceedings of the           Santa
                         in the stress and               46th Annual Meeting of 1002- Monica
x x Szalma, J. L.                               2002                                              US
                         workload of sustained           the Human Factors and 1006 , CA:
                         attention                       Ergonomics Society.          HFES


                                                         Proceedings of the           Santa
                         Workload and stress
                                                         45th Annual Meeting of 1536- Monica
    x Szalma, J. L.      of configural displays   2001                                            US
                                                         the Human Factors and 1540 , CA:
                         in vigilance tasks.
                                                         Ergonomics Society.          HFES


    Szalma, J. L.
    Warm, J. S.          Sensory determinants            Proceedings of the           Santa
                         of workload and                 43rd Annual Meeting of 1289- Monica
x x Matthews, G.                              1999                                                US
    Dember, W. N.        stress in sustained             the Human Factors and 1293 , CA:
    Weiler, E. M.        attention.                      Ergonomics Society.          HFES
    Meier, A.
                                                                                       Alexan
                                                                                       dria,
                           A comparison of the
                                                                                       VA:
                           AVS-9 and the                   Proceedings of the
      Szoboszlay, Z.                                                                   Americ
                           panoramic night                 American Helicopter
    x Haworth, L.                                   2001                               an          US
                                                                                               www.vtol.org/pdf/crew-58.
                           vision goggles during           Society 57th Annual
      Simpson, C.                                                                      Helicop
                           rotorcraft hover and            Forum.
                                                                                       ter
                           landing.
                                                                                       Societ
                                                                                       y, Inc.
                           Evaluation of driving-
    Takada, Y.,            assistance systems
x x                                                                                                   Jpn
    Shimoyama, O.          based on drivers'
                           workload
                           Evaluation of driving-
                                                                                       Nissan
      Takada, Y.,          assistance systems
    x                                                                                  Motor          US
      Shimoyama, O.        based on drivers'
                                                                                       Co, Ltd
                           workload

                           Symbology
                                                           Presented at Annual
                           development for head-
    Takallu, M.,                                           Program Review for
x v                        down displays (SD-                                                         US
                                                                                                 avsp.larc.nasa.gov/pdfs/SV
    Wong, D.                                               NASA Aviation Safety
                           HDD) Proposed
                                                           Program
                           Experiment

                    Experimental                                                       Michig
    Tang, A., Owen.
                    evaluation of                                                      an
x x C., Biocca, F.,                                                                               US
                                                                                              www.mindlab.org/publicati
                    augmented reality in                                               State
    Mou, W.
                    object assembly task.                                              U

                                                           Proceedings of the
      Tannen, R. S.,
                                                           14th Triennial
      Nelson, W. T.,
                                                           Congress of the
      Bolia, R. S.         Adaptive integration                                         Santa
                                                           International          3-77
      Haas, M. W.,         of head-coupled multi-                                       Monica
    x                                             2000     Ergonomics Association to 3-               US
      Hettinger, L. H.,    sensory displays for                                         , CA:
                                                           and 44th Annual        80
      Warm, J. S.,         target localization.                                         HFES
                                                           Meeting of the Human
      Dember, W. N.,
                                                           Factors and
      Stoffregen, T. A.
                                                           Ergonomics Society.
                           Level of operator
                           control and changes
       Tattersll, A. J.,   in heart rate
a                                                   1995   Human Factors, 37                          UK
       Hockey, G. R.       variability during
                           simulated flight
                           maintenance.
                           Integration of
      Telematics
                           navigation and Anti-            Telematics Applications                     Lu
    a Applications for                              2004                                         http://www.cordis.lu/telem
                           Collision for Rural             for Transport Website                       x
      Transport
                           Traffic Environment
       Temple, J. G.,     The effects of signal
       Warm, J. S.,       salience and caffeine
       Dember, W. N.,     on performance,                                           183-
a                                                   2000   Human Factors, 42 (2)                          US
       Jones, K. S.,      workload, and stress                                      194
       LaGrange, C. M.,   in an abbreviated
       Matthews, G.       vigilance task.


      Texas               Robotics, Automation,
      Universities        and Tele-Operation
      Robotics and        Program for Safe
    x                                                                                                      US
                                                                                                     http://www.osci.ttu.edu/TU
      automation          Handling and Long-
      Consortium          Term Storage of
      (TURAC)             Nuclear Components


    Thornton, C.,                                          Proceedings of the               Santa
                          Automation effects in
    Braun, C.,                                             36th Annual Meeting of 30-       Monica
x x                       the cockpit: A low-       1992                                                  US
    Bowers, C.,                                            the Human Factors and 33         , CA:
                          fidelity investigation.
    Morgan, B. B.                                          Ergonomics Society.              HFES

                          Effects of cellular
       Tokunaga, R.,
                          telephone use on
       Hagiwara, T.,
x                         driver's reaction time                                    1-5                   Jpn
                                                                                                     roberto@eng.hokudai.ac.jp
       Takagi, H.,
                          and subjective mental
       Shimojo, A.
                          workload.
                          Effects of cellular
    Tokunaga, R..                                                                           Sappor
                          telephone usse on
    Hagiwara, T. ,                                                                          o, PN:
x x                       driver's reaction time                                                        Jpn
                                                                                                   152.99.129.29/its/cdrom/3
    Takagi, H.,                                                                             Hokhai
                          and subjective mental
    Shimojo, A.                                                                             do U.
                          workload

                                                           Proceedings of the
                          A preliminary                    14th Triennial
                          investigation of                 Congress of the
                                                                                    3-      Santa
                          individual differences           International
                                                                                    121     Monica
    x Trithart, S.        in mental workload:       2000   Ergonomics Association                         CN
                                                                                    to 3-   , CA:
                          An information                   and 44th Annual
                                                                                    124     HFES
                          processing based                 Meeting of the Human
                          approach                         Factors and
                                                           Ergonomics Society.

                          Experience and                   Proceedings of the          Santa
                          grouping effects when            45th Annual Meeting of 302- Monica
x x Trujilo, A. C.                              2001                                               US
                                                                                              Anna.C.Trujilo@nasa.gov
                          handling non-nromal              the Human Factors and 306 , CA:
                          situations                       Ergonomics Society.         HFES

                                                           Proceedings of the
                                                                                         Santa
                          A centralized display            42nd Annual Meeting
                                                                                    325- Monica
x x Trujilo, A. C.        for mission               1998   of the Human Factors                      US
                                                                                                Anna.C.Trujilo@nasa.gov
                                                                                    329 , CA:
                          monitoring.                      and Ergonomics
                                                                                         HFES
                                                           Society.
                         Pilot performance with
x       Trujilo, A. C.   predictive system                                        1-6                  US
                                                                                                  Anna.C.Trujilo@nasa.gov
                         status information



                         Vertex movement for
                         mission status                  NASA TM-2002-
    x Trujillo, A.                              2002
                         graphics: A polar-star          211414
                         display

                                                                                       Taylor
                         Diagnosticity and
        Tsang P. S.,                                                              358- &
?                        multidimensional         1996   Ergonomics, 31                                US
        Velazquez VL                                                              381 Francis
                         workload ratings.
                                                                                       .
                         The roles of
                                                                                    Santa
                         immediacy and
      Tsang, P. S.                                                             503- Monica
    x                    redundancy in relative 1994     Human Factors, 36 (3)                         US
      Vidulich, M. A.                                                          513 , CA:
                         subjective workload
                                                                                    HFES
                         assessment
                                                         Aviation Space &
        Tsang, P. S.,    Cognitive demands in                                     130-
    x                                         1989       Environmental                                 US
        Johnson, W. W.   automation                                               135
                                                         Medicine, 60(2)
                                                         Aviation, Space, and
        Tsang, P.S.,     Cognitive demand in                                    130-
x                                                 1989   Environmetal Medicine,                        US
        Johnson, W.W.    automation.                                            135
                                                         60,

                         The Effects of Service
    Turner, C. W.                                        Proceedings of the          Santa
                         Availability and
    Safar, J. A.                                         49th Annual Meeting of 656- Monica
x x                      Recognition Errors on 2005                                                    US
    Hardzinski, M.                                       the Human Factors and 660 , CA:
                         Trust in Voice User
    Berube, D.                                           Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                         Interfaces


                                                         Dissertation submitted
                         The effects of noise
                                                         to the Faculty of the           Blacks
                         on speech
                                                         Virginia Polytechnic            burg,
    x Urquart, R. L.,    intelligibility and      2002                                                 US
                                                         Institute and State             VA:
                         complex cognitive
                                                         University (I&SE)               VPI
                         performance


                         Communications in
                         Severe Low-
                         Frequency Noise: An             Proceedings of the           Santa
    Urquart, R. L.,      Investigation of                49th Annual Meeting of 1771- Monica
x x                                               2005                                                 US
    Casali, J. G.        Microphone Type and             the Human Factors and 1775 , CA:
                         Speech Level on                 Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                         Intelligibility and
                         Attenuation
                         Modified TLX scales;
a       US Navy          Measure                                                                        US
                                                                                                  http://www.nrl.navy.mil/ai
                         review/critique;
                          La medida de la carga
        Valdehita, S. R., mental de trabajo II:
x                                               1999                                                    SP
        Ramiro, S. M. D. Procedimientos
                          subjetivos

                          Using on-line surveys
                          to measure three key           International Journal of
        van Schaik, P.,
    a                     constructs of the     2003     Human-Computer                            portal.acm.org
        Ling, J.
                          quality of human-              Studies.
                          computer interaction.


                          A human factors
                                                         Proceedings of First   1685-
a       Vaughan, G. et al investigation of an     1994
                                                         World Congress of ITS, 1692
                          RDS-TMC System.

                                                         Proceedings of the First
                                                         World
                                                                                          Boston
      Vaughan, G.,       A human-factors                 Congress on
                                                                                          , MA:
    a May, A., Ross, T., investigation of an      1994   Applications of
                                                                                          Artech
      Fenton, P.         RDS-TMC system                  Transport Telematics
                                                                                          House
                                                         and Intelligent Vehicle-
                                                         highway Systems

                           Measurement of pilot          Proceedings of the               Soeste
                           workload with                 Annual Meeting of the            rberg:
        Veltman, J. A.,
                           subjective and         1994   Europe Chapter of the            The           NE
        Gaillard, A. W. K.
                           physiological                 Human Factors and                Nether
                           techniques.                   Ergonomics Society.              lands

      Ververs, P. M.,                                    Proceedings of the               Santa
                          Integrating critical
      Dorneich, M. C.,                                   46th Annual Meeting of 11-       Monica
    x                     information on flight   2002                                                  US
      Good, M. D.,                                       the Human Factors and 15         , CA:
                          deck displays.
      Downs, J. L.                                       Ergonomics Society.              HFES

                                                         International                    Lund,
                          A driving simulator            Cooperation on                   Swede
        Verwey, W. B.,                                                                    n:            Sw
    x                     test of an alertness    1997   Theories and Concepts
        Zaidel, D. M.                                                                     Lund          e
                          device.                        in Traffic Safety. ICTCT
                                                         97 Conference.                   Univer
                                                                                          sity
                                                         Proceedings of the
                                                         14th Triennial
                                                         Congress of the
                          The relationship                                          3-    Santa
                                                         International
                          between mental                                            460   Monica
    x Vidulich, M. A.                             2000   Ergonomics Association                         US
                          workload and                                              to    , CA:
                                                         and 44th Annual
                          situation awareness.                                      463   HFES
                                                         Meeting of the Human
                                                         Factors and
                                                         Ergonomics Society.
                            A dissociation of
                            objective and                   Proceedings of the
                                                                                         Santa
                            subjective workload             32nd Annual Meeting
        Vidulich, M. A.,                                                           1471- Monica
x                           mesures in assessing     1988   of the Human Factors
        Bortolussi, M. R.                                                          1475 , CA:
                            tha impact of speech            and Ergonomics
                                                                                         HFES
                            controls in advances            Society.
                            helicopters.



                            A workload evaluation                                        Santa
      Vidulich, M. A.,      of speech controls for                                       Monica
    x                                                       Human factors                             US
      Bortolussi, M. R.     scout/attack                                                 , CA:
                            helicopters                                                  HFES




                            Speech recognition in
                            advanced roorcraft:
        Vidulich, M. A.,
    x                       Using speech controls                                                     US
        Bortolussi, M. R.
                            to reduce manual
                            control overload.




                            Absolute Magnitude
                            Estimation and                  Proceedings of the 31st      Santa
        Vidulich, M. A.,    Relative Judgement              Annual Meeting of the 1057- Monica
a                                                    1987                                             US
        Tsang, P. S.        Approaches to                   Human Factors           1061 , CA:
                            Subjective Workload             Society.                     HFES
                            Assessment

                            Using the subjective
                                                                                       Santa
        Vidulich, M. A.,    workload dominance
                                                                                  677- Monica
        Ward, G. F.         (sword) technique for 1991      Human Factors, 33 (6)                     US
                                                                                  691 , CA:
        Schueren, J.        projective workload
                                                                                       HFES
                            assessment


                            Multimodal feedback:                                         Taylor
    Vitense, H. S.
                            an assessment of                                       68-   &
X X Jacko, J. A.                                 2003       Ergonomics, 46                           US
                                                                                                 www.isye.gatech.edu/lhci/p
                            performance and                                        87    Francis
    Emery, V. K.
                            mental workload                                              .
    Voorheis, C.,      In Search of Workload          Proceedings of the               Santa
    Moroney, W.,       Context Effects Using          49th Annual Meeting of           Monica
x x                                          2005                                               US
    Biers, D.,         a Compensatory                 the Human Factors and            , CA:
    Eggemeier, F.,     Tracking Task                  Ergonomics Society.              HFES

                                                      Proceedings of the
                                                      14th Triennial
                                                      Congress of the
                       An evaluation of task                                   6-      Santa
                                                      International
    Walters, B.        network modeling for                                    280     Monica
  x                                          2000     Ergonomics Association                    US
    Yow, A.            use in simulating                                       to 6-   , CA:
                                                      and 44th Annual
                       situation awareness.                                    283     HFES
                                                      Meeting of the Human
                                                      Factors and
                                                      Ergonomics Society.

                                                      Proceedings of the           Santa
                       Panel: Stress effects
                                                      48th Annual Meeting of 1271- Monica
x x Warm, J. S.        on soldier              2004                                             US
                                                      the Human Factors and 1274 , CA:
                       performance.
                                                      Ergonomics Society.          HFES

                                                      Automation and             Mahwa
     Warm, J. S.       Vigilance and
                                                      Human Performance.    183- h, NJ:
     Dember, W. N.     workload in             1996                                             US
                                                      R. Parasuraman and M. 200 Erlbau
     Hancock, P. A.    automated systems
                                                      Mouloua (Eds)              m


                                                      Proceedings of the
                                                                                    Santa
    Warm, J. S.                                       42nd Annual Meeting
                       Workload and                                            769- Monica
  x Dember, W. N.                              1998   of the Human Factors                      US
                       vigilance                                               771 , CA:
    Hancock, P. A.                                    and Ergonomics
                                                                                    HFES
                                                      Society.


                    Effects of olfactory
    Warm, J. S.     stimulation on                    Journal of the Society
                    performance and                                            199-
  x Dember, W. N.                              1991   of Cosmetic Chemists,                     US
                                                                               210
    Parasuraman, R. stress in a visual                42 (3)
                    sustained attention
                    task
    Weaver, J. L. , A experimental
    Bradley, K. A., investigation of skill,           Proceedings of the           Santa
    Burke, K. A.,   rule, and knowledge-              47th Annual Meeting of 2005- Monica
x x Helmick, J. A.,                            2003                                             US
                    based performance                 the Human Factors and 2009 , CA:
    Greenwood-      under noise                       Ergonomics Society.          HFES
    Ericksen, A.,   conditiions
    Hancock, P. A.
                       An investigation of
                       individual differences         Proceedings of the           Santa
    Weaver, J. L.,
                       in relation to warning         47th Annual Meeting of 1102- Monica
x x Helmick, J. A.,                           2003                                              US
                       compliance and user            the Human Factors and 1106 , CA:
    Burke, K. A.
                       effect: Preliminaary           Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                       findings.
                           A comparison
    Weikert, C.,                                           Proceedings of the          Santa
                           between a 2-D and a
    Pham, M.,                                              45th Annual Meeting of 149- Monica         Sw
x x                        3-D simulation of      2001
    Montan, H.,                                            the Human Factors and 152 , CA:            e
                           airport tower air
    Johansson                                              Ergonomics Society.         HFES
                           traffic control
                                                                                          Upper
                                                                                          Saddle
      Wickens C. D.,                                       An Introduction to
                                                                                          River,
      Lee J. D., Liu Y.,                          2004     Human Factors                              US
                                                                                          NJ:
      et al                                                Engineering
                                                                                          Pearso
                                                                                          n

                                                                                          New
                                                           Engineering Psychology
                                                                                          York:
      Wickens, C. D.                              1992     and Human                                  US
                                                                                          Harper
                                                           Performance
                                                                                          Collins

                           Codes and modalities                                           Santa
      Wickens, C. D.,      in multiple resources:                                         Monica
    x                                             1988     Human Factors                              US
      Liu, Y.-Y.           A success and a                                                , CA:
                           qualification.                                                 HFES


                           Workload and                                                   Erlbau
      Wickens, C. D.,
                           reliability of predictor        Transportation Human 99-       m
    x Gempler, K.,                                  2000                                               US
                                                                                                  cwickens@psych.usuc.edu
                           displays in air traffic         Factors, 292         126       Assoc.,
      Morphew, M. E.
                           avoidance                                                      Inc


                           Traffic and Flight
      Wickens, C. D.,                                                                    Savoy,
                           Guidance Depiction on
      Alexander, A., L.,                                                                 IL:
                           a Synthetic Vision
      thomas, L. C.,                                                                     Institut
                           System Display: The             AFHRD-04-
x     Horrey, W. J.,                             2004                               1-36 e of         US
                           Effects of Clutter on           10/NASA(HPM)-04-1
      Nunes, A.,                                                                         Aviatio
                           Performance and
      Hardy, T. J.,                                                                      n, U of
                           Visual Attention
      Zheng, X. S.                                                                       IL
                           Allocation

      Wiegman, D. A.,      Human Factors
                                                                                          Montre
      Overbye, T. J.,      Aspects of Three-               IEEE Power
                                                                                 18-      al,
x     Hoppe, S. M.,        Dimensional            2006     Engineering Society                        US
                                                                                 22       Quebe
      Essenberg, G. R.,    Visualization of Power          2006 General Meeting,
                                                                                          c
      Sun, Y.              System Information

                       Recommendations for
                                                                                      Santa
                       mental workload
      Wierwille, W. W.                                                           262- Monica
    x                  measurement in a    1993            Human Factors, 35 (2)                      US
      Eggemeier, F. T.                                                           281 , CA:
                       test and evaluation
                                                                                      HFES
                       environment
                          Auditory alerts for in-
                          vehicle information
                                                                                       Taylor
                          systems: The effects
       Wiese, E. E., Lee,                                                              &
x                         of temporal conflict    2004   Ergonomics                                  US
                                                                                               http://www.tandf.co.uk/jou
       J. D.                                                                           Francis
                          and sound parameters
                                                                                       .
                          on driver attitudes
                          and performance


                         Effects of multiple
                         auditory alerts for in-         Proceedings of the           Santa
      Wiese, E., Lee,    vehicle information             45th Annual Meeting of 1632- Monica
    x                                            2001                                               US
      J. D.              systems on driver               the Human Factors and 1636 , CA:
                         attitudes and                   Ergonomics Society.          HFES
                         performance.

       Wikstrand, G.,                                                                               Sw
v                        Determining workload
       Elg, F.                                                                                      e

                         Controller workload                                           Colum
                         and visual scanning             Proceedings of the            bus,
      Willems, B.,       during simulations              11th International            OH:
    x                                             2001                                 Ohio         US
      Stein, E.          containing scripted             Symposium on Aviation
                         midair conflicts and            Psychology.                   State
                         varied task load                                              Univer
                                                                                       sity
                                                         Proceedings of the
                         Psychophysiologically                                         Santa
                                                         42nd Annual Meeting
                         determined                                              95-   Monica
x x Wilson, G. F.                              1998      of the Human Factors                       US
                         classification of                                       98    , CA:
                                                         and Ergonomics
                         cognitive activity.                                           HFES
                                                         Society.


                                                         Proceedings of the           Santa
                         EEG and subjective
      Wilson, G. F.,                                     38th Annual Meeting of 1322- Monica
    x                    measures of private      1994                                              US
      Hankins, T.                                        the Human Factors and 1325 , CA:
                         pilot workload
                                                         Ergonomics Society.          HFES


    Woolford, B.
    Rathjen, T.                                          Proceedings of the            Santa
    Whitmore, M.         Workload and stress
                                                         46th Annual Meeting of 76-    Monica
x x Rajalu, S.           of configural displays   2002                                              US
                                                         the Human Factors and 80      , CA:
    Novak, J. B.         in vigilance tasks
                                                         Ergonomics Society.           HFES
    McCandless, J.
    Peacock, B.
    Woolford, B.,
    Rathjen, T.,                                         Proceedings of the            Santa
    Whitmore, M.,        Space human factors
                                                         46th Annual Meeting of 76-    Monica
  x Rajulu, S.,          advanced                 2002                                              US
                                                         the Human Factors and 80      , CA:
    Novak, J.,           development project
                                                         Ergonomics Society.           HFES
    McCandless, J.,
    Peacock, B.
                                                                                              Washin
      Worley, J. Bailey,   Organizational
                                                                                              gton,
      L. L. Thompson,      communication and
    x                                              1999      DOT/FAA/AM-99/25                 DC:      US
      R. C. Joseph, K.     trust in the context of
                                                                                              FAA/O
      Williams, C.         technology change
                                                                                              AM
                                                             Proceedings of the
                                                             14th Triennial
                           Analysis of tactical
                                                             Congress of the
                           missions: Integration                                      1-      Santa
                                                             International
                           systems theory,                                            274     Monica   Sw
    x Worm, A.                                        2000   Ergonomics Association
                           cognitive systems                                          to 1-   , CA:    e
                                                             and 44th Annual
                           engineering, and                                           277     HFES
                                                             Meeting of the Human
                           psychophysiology
                                                             Factors and
                                                             Ergonomics Society.


                           Compatibility in                  Proceedings of the           Santa
      Wang, X.,            augmented reality                 48th Annual Meeting of 2637- Monica
    x                                                 2004                                             US
      Dunston, P. S.       prototypes for                    the Human Factors and 2641 , CA:
                           assembly                          Ergonomics Society.          HFES




                           English translation:                                               Cheng
                                                             Institute of
                           The appraisal of                                                   du,
                                                             occupational Health,                      Chi
a                          reliability and validity                                           China:
                                                             West China School of                      na
                           of subjective workload                                             Sichua
                                                             Public Health
       Xiao YM, Wang       assessment technique                                               nU
       ZM, Wang MZ,        and NASA-task load
       Lan YJ.             index
                           Prediction of Mental
                                                             International Journal of
       Xie, B.,            Workload in Single                                         213-
a                                                     2000   Cognitive Ergnonmics,                     US
       Salvendy, G.        and Multiple Tasks                                         242
                                                             Vol. 4 (3)
                           Environments
                           Personality, divided                                               Colum
                           attention                                                          bus,
                           performance, and                  Proceedings of the
      Xu, X.,                                                                                 OH:
                           cardiovascular                    11th International
    x Navidzadeh, T.,                                 2001                                    Ohio     US
                           predictors of                     Symposium on Aviation
      Backs, R. W.                                                                            State
                           performance in a                  Psychology.
                                                                                              Univer
                           simulated air traffic                                              sity
                           control task
                           Why do performance                Proceedings of the               Santa
      Yeh, Y.-Y.,          and subjective                    28th Annual Meeting of 504-      Monica
    x                                                 1984                                             US
      Wickens, C. D.       workload measures                 the Human Factors      508       , CA:
                           dissociate?                       Society.                         HFES

                           It's all relative:                                               Taylor
       Young, M. S.,       defining mental                                            1018- &
                                                      2002   Ergonomics, 45 (14)                       UK
       Stanton, N. A,      workload in the light                                      1020 Francis
                           of Annett's paper.                                               .
                                                                                   Lower
                                                                                   Gwyne
    Zachary, W. W.,   Subjective workload                                          dd,
x x LeMentec, J-C.,   self-assessment from                                         PA:        US
                                                                                          Wayne_Zachary@chiinc.com
    Iordonav, V.      a cognitive model                                            CHI
                                                                                   system
                                                                                   s


                      Estimates of driver                                        Santa
                      mental workload: A                                    611- Monica
  x Zeitlin, L. R.                             1995   Human Factors, 37 (3)                       US
                      long-term field trial of                              621 , CA:
                      two subsidiary tasks                                       HFES
                      Test Plan and Test
                      Procedures                      Operational Benefit
      Zenz, H. P.,                                                                                 Ge
  s                   Document. Test         2002     Evaluation by Testing                  http://www.dlr.de/beta
      Jakobi. J.                                                                                   r
                      procedures for                  with an A-SMGCS
                      Prague.

                    the effects of task
                                                      Proceedings of the
                    load on performance                                             Santa
                                                      42nd Annual Meeting
    Zini, M. &      and cerebral blood                                        1890- Monica
x x                                          1998     of the Human Factors                        US
    Parasuraman, R. flow velocity in a                                        1894 , CA:
                                                      and Ergonomics
                    working memory and                                              HFES
                                                      Society.
                    a visuomotor task




                                                                                                  LP
Perf   Fund           Doma      Rxy            Inter- Mod
               Goal        Team       Task                   Utility
Org    Org            in        w/             face TLX

                                                             Only SA and eye
                                                             scan meas signif;
                                                             neither SWAT, TLX
               Appli Cockp                                   nor perf meas
USG(NA USG(N                          Flyin    vis/
               catio it         SA                           discriminated
SA)    ASA)                           g        aud
               n     (Civil)                                 btwn
                                                             separate/combine
                                                             d vert & horiz
                                                             displ
                                                            TLX not as
                                                            sensitive to
                                                            memory task as
                                                            other scales ('tho
                                                            still sig); Context
               Tool
                     Lab              Lab             RTLX effect for weights
U&I            evalu
                     tasks            task            cntxt for both scales
               ation
                                                            ('tho could be
                                                            'cause diff Ss),
                                                            Weights didn't
                                                            improve
                                                            sensitivity
                     Robot
               Model ics,
       USG(D
U              valid Teleo                     Auto          Not stated
       ARPA)
               ation ps,
                     VR
                     Robot
                                                             Measures
               Tool ics,
                                                             recommended for
U              evalu Teleo                     VR
                                                             use by Eu for eval
               ation ps,
                                                             IT products
                     VR

              Appli                        Auto              wl of automated
       I/USG(       Mariti            Com
I             catio                        Vis/              sys in maritime
       CG)          me                mand
              n                            aud               opns



                                                             sig improvement
                                      Surgi
               Model                                         in relevant
                     Medic            cal   vis/
U              valid                                  sub    subScales of new
                     al               proce aud
               ation                                         drug display; no
                                      dure
                                                             OW computed



                                      Monit
               Appli                                         Reducing boredom
                     Lab              oring
U              catio                                         reduced hi WL of
                     tasks            /Vigil
               n                                             vigilance tasks
                                      ance
                                      Drivi                Showed effects of
               Appli
                               Distr- ng &                 concurrent cell
               catio Cars
                               action Voice                phone use on all
               n
                                      entry                subScales



                    Websi
                                                           Correlated indiv
               Cert te/
I      I                                                   scales w/download
               Dsgn intern
                                                           fmts/delays
                    et


               Tool                                        plans to meas perf
                     Medic
       EU      Revie           Age                         & experiences of
                     al
               w                                           elderly workers

               Appli Cockp                                 relationship btwn
                               Fatigu Air/G
U              catio it                                    WL & fatigue &
                               e      round
               n     (Civil)                               schedule
                                                           # concurrent
               Tool Cockp                                  tasks had more
       USG(U                         dual                  influence on TLX
I              evalu it
       SAF)                          task                  ratings than
               ation (Mil)
                                                           resource combo,
                                                           exper, etc

               Tool
                     Revie                                 Measure
               Revie
                     w                                     review/critique;
               w


               Tool                                        Description,
                     Revie
               Revie                                       review, references
                     w
               w                                           for TLX in French

                                                           TLX incr sig w/incr
                                                           diff of simple math
              Tool                                         task, nonsig w/
       USG(Ar       Lab              Lab
U             evalu                                  sub   lifting incr weight;
       my)          tasks            tasks
              ation                                        impact of phys &
                                                           mental task diff on
                                                           ratings indep


                                                           sig TLX diff among
                                                           RC flight control
              Appli Cockp                                  modes &
USG(Ar USG(Ar                                 vis/
              catio it         HQ    flying                symbology sets;
my)    my)                                    aud
              n     (Mil)                                  also used HQRs
                                                           (only sensitive to
                                                           flt cntrl mode)
                                                             sig Wl, HQ, perf
              Appli Cockp
USG(Ar USG(Ar                            Flyin               w/contact-analog
              catio it          HQ               vis
my)    my)                               g                   heading tape on
              n     (Mil)
                                                             Comanche HIDSS



                                                             TLX Rxy w/
                Tool                                         subjective part of
                                Traffic Air/G
U      Frgovt   evalu ATC                                    their traffic load
                                Physio round
                ation                                        index, not physio
                                                             meas or # a/c

                                                             sig incr in TLX for
                                                             memory, tracking
                Tool
       USG(U          Lab                Dual                & dual-task; perf
U               evalu
       SAF)           tasks              Task                & cardiovacsular
                ation
                                                             meas were less
                                                             sensitive



                Appli
                      Lab                Dual
U      U        catio           Physio
                      tasks              task
                n



                                                            sig incr in
                                                            unweighted OW &
                      Air                                   subScales w/ incr
                Appli
                      traffic            Air/G              diff of TRACON
U      U        catio           Physio                 RTLX
                      contr              round              game;
                n
                      ol                                    cardiovacsular
                                                            meas less
                                                            sensitive



                    Air
              Appli             Traffic
       USG(FA       traffic             Air/G
              catio             Traini
       A)           contr               round
              n                 ng
                    ol



                                                             TLX subScales tap
                                                             1 or 2 underlying
              Tool Meta
       USG(FA                                          sub   construct(s); not
              evalu analy
       A)                                              Rxy   indep per factor
              ation sis
                                                             analysis of data
                                                             from 3 exp
                              Air
                        Appli           Traffic
                 USG(FA       traffic           Air/G
                        catio           Traini
                 A)           contr             round
                        n               ng
                              ol




                         Tool                                           Only TLX showed
                                                  Drivi   Vis/
         U               evalu Cars     Traffic                         sig diff (2ndry &
                                                  ng      Aud
                         ation                                          P300 didn't)




                                                                      sig diff for road
                         Tool
                                                  Drivi               type, not visibility
         U               evalu Cars                              RTLX
                                                  ng                  w/ unweighted
                         ation
                                                                      OW



                               Cell
                         Appli Phone
                                                  Data
portal.acm.org           catio s,
                                                  entry
                         n     PDAs,
                               etc


                                                                        New SVS fmts
                                                                        improved SA
                                                                        w/out neg impact
                                                                        on WL or perf; Hi-
                         Appli Cockp
                 USG(N                            Flyin                 time plts had
                         catio it                         svs
                 ASA)                             g                     higher SA &
                         n     (GA)
                                                                        higher WL than
                                                                        low-time plts, but
                                                                        not better perf.
                                                                        Raised new issue

                                                  Decis                 No OW or trust
                         Appli
                               Soldie             ion   vis/            diff, but diff in
         U               catio          Trust
                               rs                 Makin aud             strategy & task
                         n
                                                  g                     completion times



                        Appli Comp                                      sig TLX subScale
                                        Eye  Data
         U       UKgovt catio uter                               sub    improvement for
                                        mvmt entry
                        n     users                                     multi-modal GUI
                                                      Compared TLX &
                                                      SWAT, in realistic
                                                      B727 sim; TlX
                                                      more sensitive,
            Tool Cockp
    USG(N                             Flyin           less b-s
            evalu it        Perf
    ASA)                              g               variability, better
            ation (Civil)
                                                      test-retest
                                                      stability than
                                                      SWAT; both better
                                                      than perf

            Appli                                    no sig effects, but
            catio Cars      Traffic            range overall WL very
            n                                        low throughout


                                                     Portugese version
                                                     of NASA TLX
            Appli Cockp
                                      Flyin    Portu developed and
U           catio it
                                      g        gese used to eval perf
            n     (Mil)
                                                     of Brazil military
                                                     pilots



                                  Monit
            Appli                                     impact of noise &
    USG(N         Monit           oring
U           catio           Noise                     fbdk on low wkld
    ASA)          oring           /Vigil
            n                                         monitoring task
                                  ance

                                      Monit
            Appli
    USG(N         Monit               oring
U           catio           Perf
    ASA)          oring               /Vigil
            n
                                      ance




                  Power            Monit              Developed and
            Appli
                  plant            oring              tested "M-TLX" for
            catio           Stress             mod
                  opera            /Vigil             use in nuclear
            n
                  tors             ance               cntrl rooms




            Tool
                  Medic               Dispa
U           evalu           Perf
                  al                  tch
            ation
                                   Surgi
            Appli
                  Medic            cal
U           catio
                  al               proce
            n
                                   dure



                  Const
            Model
                  ruct/            Asse Sche
U           valid
                  asmbl            mbly d
            ation
                  y



            Appli Comp
                                   Data                 more sig than perf
U           catio uter      Perf
                                   entry                meas
            n     users




                                                        recommended use
           Tool
                 Lab                                    of fewer intervals
U   UKgovt evalu                                 Tics
                 tasks                                  (7) or l9 labeled
           ation
                                                        rather than 20




           Tool                    Sim                  Compared WL
    USG(Ar       Soldie
I          evalu                   Comb                 meas; TLX very
    my)          rs
           ation                   at                   sensitive


            Appli
                                           CAW
            catio
                                           S
            n


                                                        Benchmark: to
            Benc
                 Lab               Game                 demonstrate
U           hmar
                 tasks             s                    validity of 17-
            k
                                                        dimension MRQ


            Tool
                  Lab
U           evalu                                       cited only
                  tasks
            ation

                                                        WL sig for main
            Appli                  Sim                  effects,
    USG(U         Militar
            catio                  Comb vis             parallelling perf
    SAF)          y C3I
            n                      at                   results; no
                                                        subScale effects
                                                                   sig diff for Wx, not
              Appli Cockp
       USG(FA                                Flyin   Auto          procedure; (ISSUE-
I             catio it
       A)                                    g       Wx            - WHY MAX
              n     (Civil)
                                                                   SCORE OF 120?)



                                                                   voice activation
               Appli Cockp                           Voice
USG(NA USG(U                                 Flyin                 aided hovering
               catio it                              I/O
SA)    SAF)                                  g                     perf but higher
               n     (Mil)                           auto
                                                                   rated WL



                                                                   Again, voice I/o
               Appli Cockp                           Voice
USG(NA USG(U                                 Flyin                 benefitted flight
               catio it                              I/O
SA)    SAF)                                  g                     control but higher
               n     (Mil)                           auto
                                                                   rated WL



               Tool                                                Cited only;
                     Lab
U              evalu                         Game                  Measure dvlpmt/
                     tasks
               ation                                               validation;


                                                                    used just 4
               Appli Cockp            Pers-                  less   subScales; few sig
       USG(N                                 Flyin
               catio it               nlty                   sub- diff due to
       ASA)                                  g
               n     (Civil)          Stress                 scales personality,
                                                                    stress, WL not
                                                                    reported

                                                                   Benchmark:to
              Benc                           Sim
       USG(Ar      Soldie                                          verify that diff
U             hmar                    Stress Comb
       my)         rs                                              missions woud
              k                              at
                                                                   impose diff TP

                                                                    used 4 TLX sub
                             Team
               Appli Cockp        Pers-                      less   Scales to meas
       USG(N                 /org        Flyin
               catio it           nlty                       sub- stress; ID'ed 3
       ASA)                  beha        g
               n     (Civil)      Stress                     scales crew types using
                             vior
                                                                    Wl & RT

                                                                   Both scales valid,
                    Power      Team                                but Task
              Tool
                    plant      /org          Contr                 Complexity Index
NOgovt NOgovt evalu
                    opera      beha          ol                    better predictior
              ation
                    tors       vior                                of perf on complex
                                                                   prob solv task
                    Power          Monit
              Tool                                      stronger criterion
                    plant          oring
NOgovt NOgovt evalu                                     validity for their
                    opera          /Vigil
              ation                                     measure than TLX
                    tors           ance




                                                        SWAT & TLX
               Appli Comp
       USG(N                        Data Seat           differed; neither
I              catio uter    Physio
       ASA)                         entry Dsgn          sig related to chair
               n     users
                                                        design;




              Appli Comp
                                   Data vis/
U      UKgovt catio uter
                                   entry aud
              n     users


                    Cell
                                                       added subScales;
              Appli Phone                        more
                                   Data vis/           sound-enhanced
U      UKgovt catio s,                           subsc
                                   entry aud           buttons decreased
              n     PDAs,                        ales
                                                       overall WL
                    etc



                    Cell                                TLX showed cost
              Appli Phone                               of better perf.
                                   Data vis/
U      UKgovt catio s,                                  With some
                                   entry aud
              n     PDAs,                               button/auditory
                    etc                                 feedback config.


                    Cell                                workload
                                         Vis/
              Appli Phone                               reduction due to
                                   Data Aud
U      CNgovt catio s,                                  button sounds to
                                   entry Voc/
              n     PDAs,                               supplement vis on
                                         man
                    etc                                 mobile computers

                                                        added annoyance
                                                        subScale; sig diff
              Appli Comp                         more w/sound-
                                   Data vis/
U      UKgovt catio uter                         sub- enhanced menu &
                                   entry aud
              n     users                        scales sig effects for
                                                        some of the
                                                        subScales
           Tool                                 Cited only;
    USG(Ar       Lab
U          evalu                                Measure dvlpmt/
    my)          tasks
           ation                                validation;




                                                advantages of new
                                                online wkld meas
           Tool
    USG(Ar       Lab               Drivi        M-SWAP vs TLX
U          evalu           2ndry
    my)          tasks             ng           demo'ed in
           ation
                                                desktop driving
                                                simulator




           Tool                                 Cited only; tested
    USG(Ar                         Drivi
U          evalu Cars      2ndry                M-SWAP new scale
    my)                            ng
           ation                                for real time use




                                                In air/grnd search
            Appli Cockp                         & destroy mission,
    USG(U                  SA      Flyin
I           catio it                            autm'n relability
    SAF)                   Trust   g
            n     (Mil)                         interacted w/trust
                                                & workload; no SA




                 Air                     Vis/
           Appli
    USG(NT       traffic           Air/G Aud
           catio
    SB)          contr             round Voc/
           n
                 ol                      man




                                                TLX ratings
                 Air
           Appli                                decreased
    GERgov       traffic           Air/G
U          catio           SA                   w/training; lower
    t            contr             round
           n                                    for control than
                 ol
                                                exp grp.
                        Team
           Appli Anti-               Sim                  Found expected
    USG(Ar              /org
U          catio Terror      Perf    Comb           sub   sig. TP differences
    my)                 beha
           n     ism                 at                   in ratings, not perf
                        vior




             How   Revie                                  Recommend TLX
U   UKgovt
             to    w                                      for use


                                     Remo    Vis/
             How                     te      Aud
U                  Cars
             to                      contr   Voc/
                                     ol      man



                                                         RTLX discrim btwn
             Appli
                                     Drivi   Vis/        nav cndns
U            catio Cars                             RTLX
                                     ng      Aud         (distance to go vs
             n
                                                         landmark)



                   Telec                                Modified TLX:
             Appli                               less
                   om        Pers-   Telco telco        used weighted avg
I   I        catio                               sub-
                   opera     nlty    n     m            of MD TP & Fr to
             n                                   scales
                   tors                                 cluster call-takers

                   Telec                                Modified TLX:
             Appli                               less
                   om        Pers-   Telco telco        used weighted avg
I   I        catio                               sub-
                   opera     nlty    n     m            of MD TP & Fr to
             n                                   scales
                   tors                                 cluster call-takers

                                                           Modified TLX:
                                                           used weighted avg
             Model Comp                             less   of MD TP & Fr to
                                     Telco
I   I        valid uter                             sub- cluster call-takers;
                                     n
             ation users                            scales dvlpd model to
                                                           use in sys &
                                                           proced dsgn
                                                          Found sig effect
            Appli Cockp                                   for one variable &
    USG(N                             Flyin   Vis/
U           catio it        Trust                         relationship w/SA;
    ASA)                              g       Aud
            n     (Civil)                                 messy relationship
                                                          w/trust




                                                          Sig TLX maiin
                                                          effects for alarm
                                      Monit
            Appli Cockp                                   sys & task
                                      oring CAW
U           catio it        Perf                          complex; WL perf
                                      /Vigil S
            n     (Civil)                                 dissociation-
                                      ance
                                                          traded off one for
                                                          other


           Tool                                           Raw (unweighted0
    USG(Ar
I          Revie                                     RTLX TLX AS GOOD AS
    my)
           w                                              WEIGHTED



                                                          sig interaction
                                                          btwn experience &
                  Air
            Appli                                         traffic density in
                  traffic             Air/G
U   EU      catio           Traffic                       TRACON sim;
                  contr               round
            n                                             weaker cortisol,
                  ol
                                                          perf, fatigue
                                                          effects



                                                          TLX distinguishes
            Appli
    USG(N         Lab                 Contr               btwn trk task diff
            catio           Perf            Vis
    ASA)          tasks               ol                  & dissoc w/perf
            n
                                                          meas



                                                          sig effects of vis
                                                          memory aid for
                 Telec                Remo
           Appli                                          older adults on
    USG(NI       om                   te    Vis/
U          catio                                          WL, and for P
    H)           opera                contr Aud
           n                                              subscale for age &
                 tors                 ol
                                                          media - no perf
                                                          diff
                                                           TLX, not perf,
                                      Surgi                imprv by new nav
    USG-   Appli
                 Medic                cal                  aid for
U   (NSERC catio                            Auto
                 al                   proce                colonoscopy;
    )      n
                                      dure                 partial info worse
                                                           than none

            Tool                                           reviewed theories,
                                      Drivi
U   EU      Revie Cars                                     tools for eval
                                      ng
            w                                              driver safety


                                                           sig diff for TP and
                                                           Fr scales with
           Appli
                                      Drivi          Frenc intelligent speed
U   UKgovt catio Cars       Traffic           Auto
                                      ng             h     adaptation (NOTE
           n
                                                           USED French
                                                           translation of TLX)




                  Air
            Appli
    USG(N         traffic             Air/G                Pilot intent in "free
U           catio
    ASA)          contr               round                flight" env & wl
            n
                  ol



                                                           apparently
                                      Monit
            Appli                                          meaningful dis-
                  Lab                 oring Vis/
U           catio                                          sociation btwn WL
                  tasks               /Vigil Aud
            n                                              & perf in vigilance
                                      ance
                                                           task

                                                          some sig subScale
                                                          effects of in-
                                                          vehicle nav
                                                          systems; used
           Tool
                                      Drivi               highly mod. Scale,
U   SEgovt evalu Cars                                RTLX
                                      ng                  didn't compute
           ation
                                                          weighted avg, &
                                                          tried to use rating
                                                          variability as WL
                                                          indicator



                                                          RNASA-TLX
            Appli
                                      Drivi               tailored for use in
U           catio Cars                               RTLX
                                      ng                  cars using nav
            n
                                                          sys;
                                        Remo
                Appli UAV                                    didn't compute
         USG(Ar                         te
U               catio opera                   vis      sub   OW; meaningful
         my)                            contr
                n     tors                                   subscale results
                                        ol

                                                             WL "similar to
                                                             actual flight";
                                                             subScales only:
                                                             Perf & Phys sig,
                 Appli Cockp
         USG(N                          Flyin   Vis/         But seemed
                 catio it                              sub
         ASA)                           g       Aud          strong relationship
                 n     (GA)
                                                             btwn mental
                                                             effort, frustration,
                                                             & SA X display
                                Wx                           cndn




                Tool Cockp
                                        Flyin                Recommend TLX
FRgovt   FRgovt Revie it
                                        g                    for use
                w     (Civil)




                                                             Sig subScale diff
                 Appli Comp
                                        Data Voice           using (not very
U                catio uter
                                        entry I/O            capable) voice I/O
                 n     users
                                                             system



                       Cell                                  sig TLX diff among
                 Appli Phone                                 keyboard
                                        Data voc/
U                catio s,       Exper                        interfaces &
                                        entry man
                 n     PDAs,                                 expertise, echoing
                       etc                                   perf meas.


                                                             context effects-
                                                             due to diff of
                 Tool
USG(US USG(U           Lab                             conte surrounding tasks
                 evalu
AF)    SAF)            tasks                           xt    influences TLX &
                 ation
                                                             SWAT; stndrdz
                                                             w/anchor tasks?
                                                              Rxy with 2ndry
               Appli Cockp                                    math task diff, not
USG(NA USG(N                             Flyin   Vis/
               catio it                                       displays designed
SA)    ASA)                              g       Aud
               n     (Civil)                                  to reduce spat
                                                              disorientation



                                                              WL of auto speech
               Appli Cockp                                    recognition sys
USG(NA USG(N                             Flyin   Voice
               catio it                                       use depended on
SA)    ASA)                              g       I/O
               n     (Civil)                                  recognition
                                                              accuracy




               Tool
USG(NA USG(N         Lab                 Dual
               evalu
SA)    ASA)          tasks               task
               ation




                                                              Compared avail
             Tool
      USG(FA                             Flyin                WL meas in flight
I            Revie
      A)                                 g                    sims; TLX
             w
                                                              performed well




                                                              2ndry task more
               Tool Cockp
                                      Flyin                   sensitive than
U              evalu it        Physio                    RTLX
                                      g                       P300 or TLX
               ation (Civil)
                                                              (unweighted avg)




               Appli Cockp
      USG(N                              Air/G                wl effect of
U              catio it        Traffic
      ASA)                               round                CTAS/FMS integr
               n     (Civil)



               Tool                                           Recomm tool (and
                     Revie
USG   USG      evalu                                          info where to buy
                     w
               ation                                          sftwe/manuals)
                                       Monit             TLX had broad
              Tool
                    Revie              oring             range of
U             evalu
                    w                  /Vigil            sensitivity & good
              ation
                                       ance              diagnostic tool




                    Air
Eurocon       How   traffic            Air/G
        EU                    Physio
trol          to    contr              round
                    ol




                    Air                                  Traffic density
              Appli
                    traffic           Air/G Vis/         covaried w/TLX
U      EU     catio           Traffic
                    contr             round Aud          ratings. Mode of
              n
                    ol                                   conrol did not.




              Tool
                    Revie
              evalu
                    w
              ation

                                                         Article in Spanish
              Tool
                    Revie     Fatigu               Spani describing
              Revie
                    w         e                    sh    measures of WL
              w
                                                         (TLX) & fatigue




              Tool
                                       Drivi             Describes & eval
U      NEgovt evalu Cars
                                       ng                various WL meas
              ation




                                       Monit
              Appli                                      age & wl
                    Monit              oring
U             catio           Age                        correlates for low
                    oring              /Vigil
              n                                          wl task
                                       ance

              Tool                                       Develop way to
                    Medic              Data
U             evalu                                      eval nursing
                    al                 entry
              ation                                      workload
            Tool Cockp
    USG(N                             Flyin              sig WL effects for
            evalu it        SA
    ASA)                              g                  phases of flight
            ation (Civil)



                                      Monit
            Appli
    USG(N         Monit               oring
U           catio
    ASA)          oring               /Vigil
            n
                                      ance


                                                         usability of
                  Websi
            Appli                                        synthetic speech
                  te/       Disa-     Data Voice
U           catio                                        for visually
                  intern    bility    entry I/O
            n                                            impaired
                  et
                                                         computer users


                                                         no sig diff among
                  Power               Monit
            Appli                                        pwr plnt cntrl
                  plant               oring        Spani
U           catio           Perf             Vis         groups; usseful
                  opera               /Vigil       sh
            n                                            subscale diff &
                  tors                ance
                                                         Rxy w/perf

                  Power
            Tool                                         no TLX diff, but
                  plant               Contr
U           Revie                                        many useful
                  opera               ol
            w                                            subScale diff
                  tors


                                                          sig TLX diff for
                                                          mental and phys
                                                          loads; recalc
                                                          omitting PD; when
                                                   less   computed
            Appli
                  Lab       Perf                   sub- unweighted avg,
U           catio                  Lab
                  tasks     Physio                 scales no sig diff; TLX &
            n
                                                   RTLX other scales, not
                                                          heart rate var,
                                                          were inter-Rxy;
                                                          TLX not sensitive
                                                          to phys load


                                                         effect of shifting
                                                         to another task
                  Air
            Appli                                        before
                  traffic             Air/G
U           catio           Traffic         Auto         completing;
                  contr               round
            n                                            impact of
                  ol
                                                         automation &
                                                         experience
                                                          Better image
               Appli Comp
                                     Readi                quality (font)
U              catio uter                            RTLX
                                     ng                   improved unwght
               n     users
                                                          avg of 4 subScales



                                     Monit
               Appli
      USG(N          Monit           oring                 Interaction btwn
U              catio           Sex
      ASA)           oring           /Vigil                task type & sex
               n
                                     ance

                                     Monit
               Appli
                     Monit           oring                 Interaction btwn
U              catio           Sex
                     oring           /Vigil                task type & sex
               n
                                     ance

                                     Surgi
               Appli
                     Medic           cal
               catio           Exper
                     al              proce
               n
                                     dure
                                     Super
                                                           TLX diff in right
               Appli                 visor
      USG(U          Militar               vis/            direction, non-sig
U              catio                 y
      SAF)           y C3I                 aud             (but perf effects
               n                     Contr
                                                           weak too)
                                     ol
                                                           modCH & TLX
                                                           showed similar diff
               Appli
                     Mariti                                for HMD cndns
U              catio                 Nav      auto
                     me                                    (modCH more
               n
                                                           sensitive); no
                                                           SWORD diff

                                                           TLX sensitive to
                                                           levels of wkld
             Appli
      USG(Ar       Soldie            Com                   created by task
I            catio                            Auto
      my)          rs                m                     and Adaptive
             n
                                                           autom/n (manage
                                                           commo)

                                                           modCH slghtly
                     Robot
                                     Remo                  more sig than TLX
               Appli ics,
USG(US USG(U                         te    vis/            for teleop displ
               catio Teleo     SA
AF)    SAF)                          contr aud             config; SWORD
               n     ps,
                                     ol                    and SA meas not
                     VR
                                                           sig; perf effects
                                                         Sig diff in WL
                                    Monit
              Appli                                      ratings between
                    Medic           oring vis/
U             catio                                      anestheologists
                    al              /Vigil aud
              n                                          using new display
                                    ance
                                                         & not


                                    Monit
              Appli
                    Medic           oring vis/
U             catio           Exper                      not stated (in Abs)
                    al              /Vigil aud
              n
                                    ance



              Tool
                    Revie                                Downloadable TLX
Cngovt Cngovt Revie
                    w                                    user guide
              w


                    Cell
                                                         most subScales
              Appli Phone
                                    Data voc/            showed benefit for
U             catio s,                             sub
                                    entry man            new cell phone
              n     PDAs,
                                                         interface
                    etc

                                                         All subScales
              Appli                 Info
                    Sport                 Vis/           showed clear
U             catio                 Retri          sub
                    s                     Aud            benefit for new
              n                     eval
                                                         display except PD

                                                         compared
                                                         controller & SME
                    Air
              Appli                                      WL and SA
                    traffic         Air/G          obser
              catio           SA                         ratings; knowl of
                    contr           round          ver
              n                                          present situation
                    ol
                                                         didn't predict
                                                         overall perf

                                                         a/c inspection
                                                         tasks had similar
              Appli
                    Aviati                               impacts on WL as
I&U           catio           Physio Mx
                    on                                   fatigue &
              n
                                                         discomfort due to
                                                         awkward postures

                                                         better
              Appli
                                            Vis/         w/experience
U             catio           Exper Nav
                                            Aud          'cause could read
              n
                                                         map while moving
            Tool
    USG(U         Revie                                    Measure
            evalu
    SAF)          w                                        review/critique;
            ation



            Appli Cockp
    USG(N                             Flyin
U           catio it                                       Not stated
    ASA)                              g
            n     (Civil)


                  Air
            Appli                                          controller TLX
                  traffic             Air/G
U           catio           SA                             ratings > as free
                  contr               round
            n                                              flight level incr
                  ol
                                                           one of many
                  Air                                      measures used to
            Appli
                  traffic             Contr                eval levels of
I   I       catio           SA              Auto
                  contr               ol                   autom'n;
            n
                  ol                                       unexpected Rxy
                                                           btwn SA & wlkd

                                                           TLX correlated
            Appli                                          w/SAGAT &
                  Monit               Dual
I   I       catio           SA                Auto         showed benefits of
                  oring               task
            n                                              appropriate levels
                                                           of automation



            Appli                                          Higher SA w/
                                      Drivi
U           catio Cars      SA                Auto         manual than
                                      ng
            n                                              atomated sys




                  Air                                      WL related to
            Appli
                  traffic             Air/G                controller SA,
I   I       catio
                  contr               round                occurrence of
            n
                  ol                                       errors



                                                           controllers &
                                                           observers rated
                                                           WL & SA (SAGAT
                 Air
           Appli                                           & SART); only MD
    USG(FA       traffic              Air/G
           catio            Traffic         Auto     sub   sig differed betwn
    A)           contr                round
           n                                               baseline &
                 ol
                                                           predictive display
                                                           (MD higher, SA &
                                                           perf better)
                                                            Review and
                     Websi
               Tool                                         describe available
                     te/
               Revie                                        measures
                     intern
               w                                            appropriate for EU
                     et
                                                            ICT

                                                            Voice entry for
               Appli Cockp                                  error-correction
                                       Flyin   Voc/
               catio it                                     task didn't
                                       g       man
               n     (Civil)                                improve perf or
                                                            WL




                            Team                             Added Team WL
              Appli                    Sim            more
       USG(Na       Militar /org                             subScale; negRxy
I             catio              SA    Comb           sub-
       vy)          y C3I beha                               btwn team SA &
              n                        at             scales
                            vior                             WL (WL quite low)




                     Air
               Appli
Eurocon              traffic           Air/G                Eval new HSI
        EU     catio
trol                 contr             round                w/SW & DK CAA
               n
                     ol
                                                            perf diff among
                     Power
               Appli                                        displays (static vs
       USG(D         plant             Contr vis/
U              catio            Perf                        motion), WL in
       OE)           opera             ol    aud
               n                                            right direction but
                     tors
                                                            ns
                                                            Review and
               Tool
Eurocon              Revie                                  describe measures
        EU     Revie
trol                 w                                      recommended for
               w
                                                            EU


                   Cockp                                    Listed as one of
       USG(FA Cert              Crew   Flyin
                   it                                       meas to use to
       A)     Dsgn              size   g
                   (Civil)                                  demo Wl ok


              Tool
       USG(FA       Revie              Flyin                Describe &
              evalu
       A)           w                  g                    recommend tools
              ation
                                                           Also found RTLX
                                                           (simple sum) to
                                                           be more sensitive
              Tool
                                       Drivi               than weighted
U      UKgovt evalu Cars                              RTLX
                                       ng                  average; OW for
              ation
                                                           drivers increased
                                                           when also having
                                                           conversation


                                                            Benchmark: TLX
                                                            used to verify that
                                                            conditions did, in
              Benc                                    range
                   Monit               Dual                 fact have different
I      I      hmar            Physio           Auto   ;
                   oring               task                 WL (Hi
              k                                       RTLX
                                                            WL=65/Low=48)
                                                            Used unweighted
                                                            ratings

                                                            Meaningful sig
                                                            results & Rxy
              Appli
                    Desig              Dual    CAW          w/SART; context
U             catio           SA
                    n                  task    S            effect of past
              n
                                                            exper for both
                                                            ratings
                                                            MDdecreased
                    Air                                     w/training; OP
              Appli
Eurocon             traffic            Air/G                rated as better
        EU    catio           Physio                  sub
trol                contr              round                (under heavy
              n
                    ol                                      traffic) than it
                                                            actually was

                                                            use of TLX
                                                            recomm as was
                    Air
              Appli           Fatigu                        fatigue scale; use
                    traffic          Air/G
U      EU     catio           e                             of EEG, EOG &
                    contr            round
              n               Physio                        Cortisol limited for
                    ol
                                                            use in large-scale
                                                            ATC sim



                                                            Operational HF
              Appli                                         eval in parabollic
                    Space                      vis/
ESA    ESA    catio                                         flight prior to Mir
                    flight                     aud
              n                                             use of restraint &
                                                            suction cup shoes
                                                             Availability of
                                                             shared info did not
                    Air       Team
              Appli                                          affect individual
       USG(FA       traffic   /org      Air/G
U             catio                SA         D/L            WL or perf; mixed
       A)           contr     beha      round
              n                                              opinions & some
                    ol        vior
                                                             changes in
                                                             behavior

                                                             Helio plts entered
                                                             data manually or
              Appli Cockp
                                        Flyin   voc/         vocally; mixed
CNgovt CNgovt catio it
                                        g       man          initial results
              n     (Civil)
                                                             reported-used tlx
                                                             "like" scale



               Appli Comp                                    wl experienced by
                                                Vis/
U              catio uter                                    users of personal
                                                Aud
               n     users                                   electronics



                     Cell                                    sig higher TLX w/
                                              Vis/
               Appli Phone                                   some eyes- &
                                        Data Aud
U              catio s,                                      hands-free mobile
                                        entry Voc/
               n     PDAs,                                   digital electronics
                                              man
                     etc                                     interface

                                                             safety mechanism
                     Const              Remo                 increased RT, WL
               Appli
       USG(N         ruct/              te                   &RMSe, but
               catio
       ASA)          asmbl              contr                reduced incorrect
               n
                     y                  ol                   inputs (as it was
                                                             designed to do)



                                                             sig subScale
                                                             effects for #
               Appli
                                        Drivi                controls,
I      I       catio Cars                              sub
                                        ng                   functions/cntrl, op
               n
                                                             modes (no OW
                                                             reported)
                                                          Did NOT find
                                                          context effects
                                                          [TLX may be less
                                                          sensitive to
               Tool                                       context effects
                     Cockp             Flyin        cntxt
U&I            evalu                                      than SWAT] BUT
                     it                g            range
               ation                                      "hi" wkld rated in
                                                          40s; rated in 60s,
                                                          and 70s in
                                                          previous, similar
                                                          sim exper.
                                                           sig diff for
              Appli                                        subScales found
                                Distr- Drivi
CNgovt CNgovt catio Cars                            sub    due to driver
                                action ng
              n                                            distraction; no OW
                                                           reported



               Appli Comp                                  Used TLX data to
                                       Desig
U              catio uter       SA           VR            eval HCI aspects
                                       n
               n     users                                 of VR design env.




               Appli Cockp                                 In Swedish - -
                                       Flyin
U              catio it         Perf                       used TLX and
                                       g
               n     (Civil)                               other measures



                                                           added subScales
                                                           to TLX: all
                            Team
              Model                     Team        more subScales but MD
       USG(Na       Militar /org
I             valid              Stress Dec Auto    sub- & P showed sig
       vy)          y C3I beha
              ation                     mak         scales incr from low to hi
                            vior
                                                           stress period of
                                                           scenairo



                                       Monit
              Appli                                        Focused on
                    Lab                oring
U      GEgovt catio             Physio                     underload; mainly
                    Tasks              /Vigil
              n                                            interested in ERPs
                                       ance


                                                           TLX (and subS)
               Appli                   Sche Vis/           ratings higher &
       USG(N         Lab
U              catio                   dulin aud           detection worse
       ASA)          Tasks
               n                       g     auto          for manual than
                                                           auto
               Appli Cockp                            perf & wl imprv
                                       Flyin
U              catio it                        Auto   w/cockpit
                                       g
               n     (Mil)                            enhancements



                                                      perf imprv 38%,
             Appli Cockp                              WL decr 13%;
      USG(Na                           Flyin
U            catio it          Perf            Auto   effectiveness incr
      vy)                              g
             n     (Mil)                              83% by enhanced
                                                      cockpit

                                                      Sig higher WL
                                      Drivi           (driving vs
               Appli
                               Distr- ng & vis/       desktop sim); no
U&I            catio Cars
                               action Voice aud       perf or WL diff
               n
                                      entry           btwn cell phone
                                                      interfaces



                                                      Compared perf,
                                                      SA, trust, tLX
               Tool Cockp
      USG(U                    SA      Flyin          meas; TlX hi Rxy
U              evalu it                        auto
      SAF)                     Trust   g              w/SA, trust,
               ation (Mil)
                                                      confidence (TLX
                                                      diverged w/perf)




               Appli
      USG(U          Militar           Com
               catio           Perf                   Not stated
      SAF)           y C3I             mand
               n




                                                      ratings and 2ndry
               Appli                                  task perf
      USG(U          Militar           Com
               catio                        vis       discriminated
      SAF)           y C3I             mand
               n                                      main effects; SA &
                                                      perf didn't


                                                      Imprv level of perf
                                       Monit
               Appli                                  w/no WL cost
USG(US USG(U         Militar           oring
               catio           Trust          Auto    w/valid,
AF)    SAF)          y C3I             /Vigil
               n                                      automated
                                       ance
                                                      information
                     Power    Team          Monit                Lower WL & better
               Appli
                     plant    /org          oring                perr w/ecological
U              catio                               vis
                     opera    beha          /Vigil               interface design
               n
                     tors     vior          ance                 for team

                     Websi
               Appli                        Info                 Sig effects on
                     te/                          Vis/
U              catio                        Retri          sub   subScales (didn't
                     intern                       Aud
               n                            eval                 report OW)
                     et


                                           Surgi
               Appli
       USG(N         Medic                 cal                   hi variability, no
U              catio                 Exper       auto
       SF)           al                    proce                 sig
               n
                                           dure


               Tool
                     Revie                                       Review and
I      I       Revie
                     w                                           describe measures
               w


                                                                 mentioned only
                    Cockp
               Cert                         Flyin                TLX and C-H as
I      I            it
               Dsgn                         g                    measures of
                    (GA)
                                                                 workload



                    Armor
              Appli                                              meaningful sig
       USG(Ar       ed                      Drivi   vis/
U             catio                  Perf                        TLX results; no sig
       my)          vehicl                  ng      aud
              n                                                  perf diff
                    es




              Appli                         Sim                  interaction btwn
USG(Ar USG(Ar       Soldie                       Vis/      sub
              catio                  SA     Comb                 subScales, perf &
my)    my)          rs                           Aud       Rxy
              n                             at                   display modality


                                                                 driver TLX ratings
               Appli
                                            Drivi                in several env;
U              catio Cars            Perf
                                            ng                   countermeasures
               n
                                                                 for speeding

                                                                 social network
                                                                 distance
                            Team
              Appli                                              estimated by
       USG(Ar       Militar /org            Com
U             catio                                        sub   number of TLX
       my)          y C3I beha              mand
              n                                                  scales upon which
                            vior
                                                                 were willing to
                                                                 rate another
                                                                   Physical & social
                            Team                                   distance predicted
              Appli
       USG(Ar       Militar /org             Com                   degree of shared
U             catio
       my)          y C3I beha               mand                  mental model
              n
                            vior                                   (e.g., s/a WL
                                                                   rating)

                                                                   sig TLX & perf
               Appli Comp
                                             Data                  effect of new data-
               catio uter             Perf
                                             entry                 entry sys for filling
               n     users
                                                                   prescriptions


                                                                   Benchmark: 3 of 4
                                                                   models correlated
               Model
       USG(U         Revie            Lab                          well w/TLX; Use
U              valid                                 auto
       SAF)          w                task                         models to provide
               ation
                                                                   construct validity
                                                                   for TLX?


               Tool
       USG(U         Lab              Lab
U              evalu                                               Cited only
       SAF)          tasks            task
               ation

                                                                   Rxy WL and
                    Law                                            poorer shooting
              Model                                         less
       USG(Ar       Enfor                    Shoot                 perf (just mental
U             valid                   Perf                  sub-
       my)          ceme                     ing                   demand scale incr.
              ation                                         scales
                    nt                                             Predictive pwr of
                                                                   model)


                     Air                                           Delegation
               Appli
Eurocon              Traffic                 Air/G                 showed lower WL
        EU     catio                  SA
trol                 Contr                   round                 in one study,
               n
                     ol                                            higher in other



                                                                  used TLX to
                     Websi     Team
               Appli                                              estimate test-
                     te/       /org          Desig          conte
U              catio                                              retest
                     intern    beha          n              xt
               n                                                  reliability/order
                     et        vior
                                                                  effects


                                                                   Tried new
                                                                   combined TLX &
               Tool                                                ZEIS measure,
                     Revie
               evalu                                        mod    found validated
                     w
               ation                                               measures (TLX
                                                                   and ZEIS) worked
                                                                   best
                                                   Controllers said
                                                   WL should be less
                 Armor                             with delegation,
           Appli                  Sim
    USG(Ar       ed                    voc/        but when
I          catio                  Comb
    my)          vehicl                man         performed task,
           n                      at
                 es                                TLX & ISA ratings
                                                   were higher
                                                   w/delegation

                  Armor
            Appli                 Sim              Used subscales;
                  ed                   Voice
I   I       catio                 Comb       sub   added useful info
                  vehicl               I/O
            n                     at               to perf meas.
                  es



                                  Monit
            Appli                                  Perf & WL better
    USG(N         Monit           oring
U           catio                        vis       w/successive than
    ASA)          oring           /Vigil
            n                                      simultaneous fmts
                                  ance


                                                   battery of meas to
            Tool
                  Revie                            ID job satisfaction
U           evalu
                  w                                & stress - listed
            ation
                                                   proc & cons


            Tool
    USG(D         Lab
U           evalu                                  Cited only
    ARPA)         tasks
            ation

                                                   Sensory display
                                  Remo             fmt created better
            Appli UAV
    USG(U                         te    Vis/       perf, lower WL;
U           catio opera
    SAF)                          contr Aud        unusually low WL
            n     tors
                                  ol               ratings for
                                                   vigilance task



            Appli UAV             Sim              Compared avail
    USG(U                  Fatigu
U           catio opera           Comb             WL meas in field
    SAF)                   e
            n     tors            at               artilery opns



                                                   sig differences
            Appli
                           Distr- Drivi            found for TLX for
            catio Cars
                           action ng               all cognitive
            n
                                                   complexity cndns


            Appli Comp            Info
            catio uter            Retri
            n     users           eval
                                                               spatial aud displ
                                           Sim
                                                               led to better perf
           Appli                           Comb
    USG(Ar       Soldie                         3D             (no TLx diff); TLX
U          catio                           at;
    my)          rs                             Audio          higher for for
           n                               Com
                                                               carrying heavier
                                           m
                                                               loads




                                                               spatial aud displ
                 Armor      Team           Drivi               improved speech
           Appli
    USG(Ar       ed         /org           ng & 3D             understanding,
U          catio                 Perf
    my)          vehicl     beha           Voice Audio         not output or WL;
           n
                 es         vior           entry               TLX reflected
                                                               driving speed



                                                               TLX ratings were
                 Air                                           more positive
           Appli
    USG(FA       traffic                   Air/G               toward benefits of
           catio                 Traffic
    A)           contr                     round               r e-sectorization
           n
                 ol                                            than real-time wl
                                                               ratings
                                                               controller TLX
                 Air                                           ratings slightly
           Appli
    USG(FA       traffic                   Air/G               less, SA higher,
           catio                 SA
    A)           contr                     round               perf no worse w/
           n
                 ol                                            dynamic
                                                               resectorization;
                                                               Weighted & un-
                                                               weighted vers of
            Tool                                               Japanese TLX
                  Lab                      Contr         Japan
U           evalu                Physio                        sensitive to TD;
                  Tasks                    ol            ese
            ation                                              weights
                                                               themselves varied
                                                               by task


            Tool                                               TLX & ERPs sig rel
                                           Contr         Japan
U           evalu Rail           Physio                        to task diff, not
                                           ol            ese
            ation                                              time on task


                                                               SVS enhanced
                                                               perf a lot but
            Appli Cockp
                                           Flyin               didn't reduce WL
U           catio it                               svs
                                           g                   (wl/perf tradeoff)
            n     (Civil)
                                                               Didn't weight
                                                               before avg.
                                                              also used Mod C-
               Appli                    Sim VR
                     Soldie                                   H; TLX effects
U&I            catio              Exper Comb 3D
                     rs                                       were sig + value
               n                        at   Audio
                                                              of subscales



               Tool                      Info                 sig Rxy w/SART &
                     Militar                   Vis/
I      USG     Revie              SA     Retri                wkld prediction
                     y C3I                     Aud
               w                         eval                 algorithm



                                                              hard to tell - -
               Appli Cockp                                    wlkd, C-H, and SA
                                  SA     Flyin
I      I       catio it                                 mod   & perf differences
                                  Perf   g
               n     (GA)                                     (modified TLX
                                                              don't know how)


                                                              TLX showed sim
                                                              WL; hi in sim -
              Appli Cockp
                                  Fatigu Flyin   vis/         looked for other
CNgovt CNgovt catio it
                                  e      g       aud          sim sickness
              n     (Mil)
                                                              correlates (e.g.,
                                                              fatigue)

                                                              Cognitive task
               Model                                          analysis (ATLAS)
                                         Drivi
I      I       valid Rail                                     WL predictions
                                         ng
               ation                                          validated using
                                                              TLX




                           Team                               WL of audio & vis
               Appli
                     Desig /org          Desig vis/           interface groups >
U              catio
                     n     beha          n     aud            face-to-face
               n
                           vior                               design teams




               Tool                                           non-linear pos Rxy
                                         Contr
U              evalu                           VR             btwn TLX & trk err
                                         ol
               ation                                          for SWAT & TLX



               Model
       USG(N         Lab
U              valid
       ASA)          tasks
               ation
               Tool
                     Lab                            conte context effects on
U              evalu
                     tasks                          xt    subj ratings
               ation

               Tool
                     Revie                                How and why to
U              Revie         SA
                     w                                    measure WL & SA
               w

                                                         no weights; sig
              Appli
                             Distr- Drivi                WL diff for all
CNgovt CNgovt catio Cars                            RTLX
                             action ng                   comparisons for 3
              n
                                                         conditions

                                                          Based new handl
                                                          qual rating scale
                                                          on C-H & TLX;
               Tool Cockp
                                                          said it was more
U              evalu it      HQ     flying          new
                                                          valid, reliable,
               ation (Mil)
                                                          diagnostic, than
                                                          CH for inflight
                                                          refueling test
                                                          Expert sys to help
              Tool                                        users choose
       USG(Ar       Revie
I             evalu                                       meas for their
       my)          w
              ation                                       appl (it includes
                                                          TLX)
                                                          Expert sys to help
              Tool                                        users choose
       USG(Ar       Revie
I             evalu                                       meas for their
       my)          w
              ation                                       appl (it includes
                                                          TLX)


                                                          Early version of
               Appli
USG(NA USG(N         Lab            Dual     Vis/         TLX discriminated
               catio         Perf
SA)    ASA)          tasks          Task     Aud          sig among tasks &
               n
                                                          stim modality




                     Lab            Dual
I      I
                     tasks          Task
                                                            Measured WL of
              Appli Cockp
USG(Ar USG(Ar                         Flyin    Voc/         3/4-axis side stick
              catio it         Perf
my)    my)                            g        man          controllers & new
              n     (Mil)
                                                            guidance displays




               Appli                                        Eval haptic input
                     Lab                       Voc/
U              catio           Perf   Lab                   devices; sig WL &
                     tasks                     man
               n                                            perf diff

                                                            Lower WL, better
               Appli Cockp                                  SA with adv miss
       USG(N                          Flyin
I              catio it        SA              Auto         eqpt pkg in RC Plt
       ASA)                           g
               n     (RC)                                   Assoc (used
                                                            subScales too)

               Appli Cockp                     Auto         ATAAS tool led to
       USG(N                          Flyin
               catio it                        Vis/         better perf, no
       ASA)                           g
               n     (Civil)                   aud          incr in WL



              Appli                   Sim
       USG(Ar       Soldie                 CAW
U             catio                   Comb                  not stated
       my)          rs                     S
              n                       at




                                      Monit                Boring task rated
              Appli
       USG(Ar       Soldie            oring                as stressful and
U             catio                                   RTLX
       my)          rs                /Vigil               significantly
              n
                                      ance                 demanding;




                                                           uni-dim better if
              Tool                                         need est of overall
                    Lab
CNgovt CNgovt evalu                                   RTLX demand;
                    tasks                                  unweighted sum
              ation
                                                           better than
                                                           weighted

                     Air                                    SART taps into WL
               Tool
                     traffic          Air/G                 more than a
CNgovt NATO    evalu           SA
                     contr            round                 differend "SA"
               ation
                     ol                                     variable
              Tool                                      Review studies
                    Revie
CNgovt CNgovt Revie                                     eval TLX &
                    w
              w                                         predictive models

                                                        2 model variables
                    Air                                 (time avail vs time
              Model
                    traffic           Air/G             rqd) accounted for
CNgovt CNgovt valid
                    contr             round             most TLX & perf
              ation
                    ol                                  variability in sim
                                                        ATC task

                                                        2 model variables
                     Air                                (time avail vs time
               Model
                     traffic          Air/G             rqd) accounted for
U       CNgovt valid
                     contr            round             most TLX & perf
               ation
                     ol                                 variability in sim
                                                        ATC task

                                                        used variant of
                                                        TLX to meas
                                                        individual & team
               Appli                  Sim
        USG(Ar       Militar                            WL; good
I              catio            Exper Comb        mod
        my)          y C3I                              agreement
               n                      at
                                                        between own &
                                                        team leaders'
                                                        ratings


                                                        WL levels
               Tool
        USG(Na       Militar          Com               moderate and
I              evalu            SA         Auto
        vy)          y C3I            mand              similar w/3
               ation
                                                        designs


                            Team                         Modified some
               Appli                       Auto   more
        USG(Na       Mariti /org      Com                scales, added 4;
I              catio             SA        Vis/   sub-
        vy)          me     beha      mand               Non-sig WL & perf
               n                           aud    scales
                            vior                         diff .


                                                        TLX more
               Tool                   Sim
        USG(Ar       Soldie                             sensitive than
I              Revie                  Comb
        my)          rs                                 SWAT in several
               w                      at
                                                        env.



               Tool                   Sim               Avail wkld meas
        USG(Ar       Soldie
I              evalu                  Comb              compared in
        my)          rs
               ation                  at                operational env
              Tool                     Sim                   Avail wkld meas
       USG(Ar       Soldie
I             evalu                    Comb                  compared in
       my)          rs
              ation                    at                    operational env


                                       Monit
              Appli
                    Monit              oring
U             catio
                    oring              /Vigil
              n
                                       ance



              Model                                          review appl of TLX
                    Cockp              Flyin
U             valid                                          in aviation, made
                    it                 g
              ation                                          recomm



                                                            planned to use
                                       Drivi
U      SEgovt Plan   Cars                       Auto   RTLX RTLX (per Biers);
                                       ng
                                                            no results yet


                     Cockp                                   Reviewed 6 prior
                                       Flyin
U             Plan   it        Trust            Auto         studies, presented
                                       g
                     (Civil)                                 plan for his


                                                             subScale Rxy
                    Cockp                                    w/comm, spacing,
Eurocon       Redli                    Air/G Vis/
        EU          it                                 sub   tolerance. THEy
trol          ne                       round Aud
                    (Civil)                                  DEVELOPED "RED
                                                             LINE"

                                                             Monitoring for
                                      Monit                  absence of signal
              Appli
       USG(Ar       Monit             oring Vis/             higher WL than for
U             catio            Physio
       my)          oring             /Vigil Aud             its presence; rxy
              n
                                      ance                   w/cerebral blood
                                                             flow


              Appli Comp                                     non stated; seems
       UGS(NI                  age   Data voc/
U             catio uter                                     like perf/opinion
       A)                      exper entry man
              n     users                                    dissoc.


              Appli                                          TLX & perf better
                                       Drivi
U             catio Cars       Perf             vis          w/ enhanced road
                                       ng
              n                                              marking
              Appli                                        OW reflected
                                      Drivi
U&I           catio Cars                      vis          display and
                                      ng
              n                                            driving conditions



                                                           TLX used to
              Appli
                    Lab                                    equate diff levles
U             catio                   Math
                    tasks                                  of math & signal
              n
                                                           detection tasks

                   Armor                                   TLx selected as
             Tool
      USG(Ar       ed                 Drivi   vis/         useful tool for
             evalu
      my)          vehicl             ng      aud          Army to meas
             ation
                   es                                      auditory wl

                   Air
             Appli                                         main datalink
      GERgov       Traffic            Air/G
U            catio                          D/L      sub   effects found for
      t            Contr              round
             n                                             MD, E, TD scales
                   ol

                   Air                                     TLX eval WL of
             Appli
      GERgov       Traffic            Flyin   Vis/         using tactical ATC
U            catio
      t            Contr              g       Aud          mssg displ in
             n
                   ol                                      A340 sim


              Tool
                    Revie                                  Measure
              evalu
                    w                                      review/critique;
              ation


              Appli
      USG(N         Lab
U             catio          Physio
      ASA)          tasks
              n

              Appli
              catio
              n
                                      Air/G
                                                          used German
             Appli Cockp              round
                                                     Germ version of
U     Gegovt catio it                 ;     D/L
                                                     an   subScales; sig diff
             n     (Civil)            com
                                                          due to datalink
                                      m


             Appli Cockp
                                      Flyin          Germ subScales showed
U     GEgovt catio it                         DL
                                      g              an   effects, no OW
             n     (Civil)
                        Tool Cockp
                                                  Flyin
                 NATO   evalu it         SA
                                                  g
                        ation (Mil)


                                                                       Describes & eval
                                                                       various WL meas
                        Tool                                           including TLX &
         Eurocon                         Distr-
                 EU     evalu Cars                        Auto         variants for use in
         trol                            action
                        ation                                          eval. driver wl
                                                                       with IVIS and
                                                                       ADAS
                              Robot
                                                  Remo                 no sig perf or WL
                        Appli ics,
                                                  te                   diff for new user
         U              catio Teleo
                                                  contr                interface for
                        n     ps,
                                                  ol                   teleop
                              VR

                              Robot                                    TLX for enhanced
                                                  Remo
                        Appli ics,                                     interface less; neg
                                                  te
         U              catio Teleo      SA                            Rxy btwn perf &
                                                  contr
                        n     ps,                                      wl; lots of
                                                  ol
                              VR                                       subScale effects

                                                                       As length of op
                        Appli                   Sim                    increased from 1-
                 USG(Ar       Soldie     Fatigu
                        catio                   Comb             sub   72 hr, PD of firing
                 my)          rs         e
                        n                       at                     M16 incr (no other
                                                                       sig effects)


                                    Team                               TLX ratings among
                        Appli Cockp
                 USG(Na             /org       Flyin             obser observers were
                        catio it         Exper
                 vy)                beha       g                 ver   similar and
                        n     (Mil)
                                    vior                               covaried w/cndns


                                                                       SA probes might
                                                                       have been
                             Air                                       measuring wl (per
                        Benc
                 USG(FA      traffic              Contr                TLX results) not
         I              hmar             SA             Auto
                 A)          contr                ol                   just SA; Again,
                        k
                             ol                                        TLX used as
                                                                       benchmark to eval
                                                                       new measure

                        Appli Comp
                                                  Data
portal.acm.org          catio uter                      vis
                                                  entry
                        n     users
           Appli                                      concluded TLX is
                              Distr- Drivi
U          catio Cars                                 useful tool for
                              action ng
           n                                          driving env.


                                                      Infra-red, hand-
           Appli                                      held remote
                                       Drivi   Voc/
           catio Cars         Perf                    control for car
                                       ng      man
           n                                          stereo affected WL
                                                      & perf

                                                      TLX showed sig
                                                      diff related to
                                                      mental demands;
           Appli Comp                  Info
                                                      RPE to physical
U          catio uter                  Retri Key
                                                      demands (mouse
           n     users                 eval
                                                      vs keyboard);
                                                      both sig affected
                                                      by HCI

                                                      used TLX to est
                Const                                 validity of new
           Benc
                ruct/                  Asse           meas (OWL)
           hmar               Physio
                asmbl                  mbly           based on physio
           k
                y                                     meas to pred
                                                      workloace injuries
                                       Remo
           Appli
    U/USG(       Nucle                 te
U          catio                             VR
    DoE)         ar                    contr
           n
                                       ol



                 Robot
                                       Remo           sig TLX diff due to
           Appli ics,
    U/USG(                             te             control latency &
U          catio Teleo                       VR
    DoE)                               contr          rotational joint or
           n     ps,
                                       ol             not
                 VR




                 Robot                                ID'ed many
                         Team
           Tool ics,                                  factors that affect
    U/USG(               /org Pers-    Desig
U          evalu Teleo                       VR       perf w/VR; large
    DoE)                 beha nlty     n
           ation ps,                                  indiv diff in WL &
                         vior
                 VR                                   SA a problem
                                                                 WL & perf diff for
                      Robot
                                Team        Remo                 cue cndns for
                Appli ics,
                                /org        te    Vis/           adaptive autm'n
U               catio Teleo          SA
                                beha        contr Aud            for underwater
                n     ps,
                                vior        ol                   teleop mine
                      VR
                                                                 disposal



                     Robot
                                                                 Use of VR for
               Appli ics,
                                                                 providing fdbk in
U       UKgovt catio Teleo          Exper           VR
                                                                 embedded training
               n     ps,
                                                                 reduced WL
                     VR



                      Cell                                       Spanish trans of
                      Phone                                Spani Finish report on
                How                 Useab                        ISO useability
                      s,                                   sh
                to                  ility
                      PDAs,                                Finn standards & useful
                      etc                                        meas (including
                                                                 TLX)

                Appli                       Info             Didn't weight
                      Lab                         3D
U               catio                       Retri       RTLX subScales; OW
                      tasks                       Audio
                n                           eval             covaried w/RT


                                            Visua
                Appli                                            Aud warning incr
                      Cockp                 l     Vis/
u               catio                                      sub   phys wl &
                      it                    searc Aud
                n                                                frustration
                                            h


                                                                 Guidelines for
                    Air
              Tool                                               using or modifying
                    traffic                 Air/G
UKgovt UKgovt Revie                                        mod   existing measures
                    contr                   round
              w                                                  (include TLX) for
                    ol
                                                                 use in ATM


                                                                 Ratings, perf meas
                                                                 demo'ed
                Appli Cockp
        USG(N                               Dual    Vis/         importance of
U               catio it
        ASA)                                Task    Aud          response strategy
                n     (Civil)
                                                                 vs resource
                                                                 demands


                                                                 subScale
                Appli Cockp
        USG(N                               Dual    Vis/         ratingsexplained
U               catio it
        ASA)                                Task    Aud          task perf
                n     (Civil)
                                                                 strategies
                                                               Used TLX to
                  Appli
                                  Eye  Drivi                   estimate when Ss
JPgovt   JPgovt   catio Cars                      vis
                                  mvmt ng                      reached steady
                  n
                                                               state in perf

                                                               TLX seemed to
                                                               have worked
                                         Surgi
                  Appli                                        better than 17-
                        Medic            cal
U                 catio                                        dimension Multiple
                        al               proce
                  n                                            Resource
                                         dure
                                                               Questionnaire
                                                               (Boles & Adair)
                        Cell
                                                               Compared input
                  Appli Phone
                                         Data Voc/             sys for Palm PDA;
U                 catio s,
                                         entry man             no sig diff in perf,
                  n     PDAs,
                                                               usability, WL
                        etc

                                                               TLX not sensitive
                  Appli Comp                                   to smoothness of
U                 catio uter             Game                  comm btwn
                  n     users                                  operator and diital
                                                               agent


                  Appli Cockp                                  sig imprv in perf &
                                         Flyin
U                 catio it        Perf            SVS          WLw/aug cntrl,
                                         g
                  n     (Civil)                                not aug displ

                                                               TLX sig Rxy w/
                        Power            Monit                 perf & teamwork;
                  Model
                        plant     SA     oring                 Important
U                 valid
                        opera     Perf   /Vigil                component of
                  ation
                        tors             ance                  battery of meas to
                                                               eval new sys;

                                                               only OP affected
                                                               by aural vs
                                         Decis                 display+aural
                  Appli Cockp
         USG(N                           ion   Vis/            cndns; lack of sig
                  catio it                               sub
         ASA)                            Makin Aud             for other scales
                  n     (GA)
                                         g                     due to limitations
                                                               of study (plts
                                                               didn't actually fly)
                                  Wx
                                                               Only Pe & Ef
                  Appli Cockp
         USG(N                           Flyin    Vis/         subscales affected
                  catio it                               sub
         ASA)                            g        Aud          by vis/aud Wx
                  n     (GA)
                                                               warning cndns
                                  Wx
                   Garm                                   Used TLX to eval
             Appli
                   ent                 Asse               physical workload
U            catio
                   indust              mbly               involved in
             n
                   ry                                     mfgrclothes




                   Cell                                   speech-based
             Appli Phone                                  email system in
                                       Drivi Voice
U   USG      catio s,           perf                      car > high wl,
                                       ng    I/O
             n     PDAs,                                  drew attn away
                   etc                                    from driving
                                                          Used MD, TD, Ef,
                 Air                                      modified Fr & Perf
           Tool                                    less
    USG(FA       traffic               Air/G              The last 2
           evalu                                   sub-
    A)           contr                 round              predcted "CARS"
           ation                                   scales
                 ol                                       scores. All were
                                                          sig in multiple Rxy

                                                          useful to find that
                   Air
             Appli                                        controller's WL not
    USG(N          traffic             Air/G
             catio                           auto         impacted
    ASA)           contr               round
             n                                            negatively by new
                   ol
                                                          tool


             Tool Cockp                                   Compared physio
                                Physio Flyin
U            evalu it                                     & TLX in flight sim
                                Stress g
             ation (Civil)                                context




             Tool
                   Revie                            Frenc Report on prelim
U   Frgovt   evalu
                   w                                h     eval
             ation



                         Team
                   Meta
                         /org
U            Cited analy                                  cited only
                         beha
                   sis
                         vior


             Tool Meta
                                       Vario        sub   Ef subscale most
U            evalu analy
                                       us           Rxy   highly Rxy w/OW
             ation sis
                      Air
                      traffic          Air/G
CNgovt CNgovt                   SA                        not stated
                      contr            round
                      ol


                Model                  Info               used TLX to test a
                      Revie
U               valid                  Retri              wl model for
                      w
                ation                  eval               computer use

                                                          Re-designed
              Appli                    Info               interface for
                    Medic
U      CNgovt catio             Perf   Retri              recovery-room
                    al
              n                        eval               nurses improved
                                                          perf & WL

                                       Monit
                Appli                         Auto        Wl of diff aiding
       USG(N          Lab              oring
U               catio                         Sche        sys for monitoring
       ASA)           tasks            /Vigil
                n                             d           tasks
                                       ance

                                       Super             Demo'ed value of
                Tool                   visor             subScales,
       USG(N          Lab
U               evalu                  y     Auto   RTLX weighting
       ASA)           tasks                              procedure to
                ation                  Contr
                                       ol                model mental
                                                         workload
                                                         Tasks that
                                               Vis/
                Appli                                    demand s/a cog
       USG(N          Lab              Dual    Aud;
U               catio           perf                     resources impose
       ASA)           tasks            Task    voc/
                n                                        > wkld,
                                               man
                                                         timeshared poorly

                                                          Vis scanning w/
                                               Vis/
                Appli                                     spatial uncertainty
       USG(N          Lab              Dual    Aud;
U               catio           perf                      degraded perf on
       ASA)           tasks            Task    voc/
                n                                         vis tracking taks,
                                               man
                                                          imposed >wkld



                                                          Some sig. Effects;
                                                          WL ratings helped
                Appli
       USG(N          Space            Flyin              interpret results
U               catio           SA             Auto
       ASA)           flight           g                  (not enuf training?
                n
                                                          No WL cost for
                                                          better perf)
                                                      No WL effects, but
                                   Decis              seems like also
            Appli
    USG(N         Space            ion                weak effects of
U           catio                        Auto
    ASA)          flight           Makin              fault mgmt
            n
                                   g                  system &
                                                      strategies on perf




                                                      TLX and perf on
                                                      AGARD battery
            Appli
                  Space            Dual               tested in space for
            catio          Perf
                  flight           Task               Ger astronaut (8
            n
                                                      Days) & Russian
                                                      cosmonaut (4 mo)



            Tool                                      Dvlpd sort of
U           evalu                               mod   hybrid between
            ation                                     TLX & SWAT



            Tool                                      Dvlpd sort of
U           evalu                  Math         mod   hybrid between
            ation                                     TLX & SWAT




                                                      SWAT and TLX
                  Websi
            Appli                  Info               ratings used to
                  te/
U           catio                  Retri              assess useability
                  intern
            n                      eval               of 2 University
                  et
                                                      web site interfaces




            Appli Maint                               Rxy subScales
                                   Inspe
U           catio enanc    Exper                sub   w/relevant perf
                                   ction
            n     e                                   meas

                                                      OW affected by
                                   Decis              cognitive feedback
            Appli
                  Lab              ion                (no other
U           catio
                  tasks            Makin              variables were)
            n
                                   g                  but not domain
                                                      knowledge
                     Robot
               Appli ics,                                   WL not perf Rxy
                                               Vis/
U              catio Teleo     Perf   Sport                 w/"presence" in a
                                               Aud
               n     ps,                                    virtual env
                     VR




                                                            Moving Map+HUD
               Appli Cockp
U&USG( USG(N                   SA     Flyin                 improved taxi
               catio it                        vis
NASA) ASA)                     Perf   g                     perf, improved
               n     (Civil)
                                                            SA, reduced WL




                     Cell                               OW and
                                      Monit
                     Phone                              preference did not
               Stand                  oring 3D
U       Ukgovt       s,        Perf                RTLX discrminate
               ards                   /Vigil Audio
                     PDAs,                              between ear buds,
                                      ance
                     etc                                OW & FR subS did



                                                             TLX sensitive to
                                                             differences among
               Appli                                  more
                                      Drivi                  4 driving cndns;
               catio Cars                      vis    sub-
                                      ng                     added 3 subScales
               n                                      scales
                                                             relevant to driver
                                                             safety



                    Air
              Tool                                          Recommended
                    traffic           Air/G
UKgovt UKgovt Revie                                         TLX to eval
                    contr             round
              w                                             controller WL
                    ol



                                                            not stated; I
                                                            assume TLX was
                    Power             Monit
              Appli                                         one of the meas
                    plant             oring
CNgovt CNgovt catio            SA                           used in the
                    opera             /Vigil
              n                                             (successful)
                    tors              ance
                                                            convergence
                                                            calculation


                     Robot
               Appli ics,
                                      Data 3D
U              catio Teleo     Info
                                      entry Audio
               n     ps,
                     VR
                                                         Observer ratings;
                                                         clustered
                 Air                                     subScales into
           Tool
    USG(FA       traffic            Air/G          obser factors then
U          evalu
    A)           contr              round          ver   multiple
           ation
                 ol                                      regression w/NAS
                                                         variables to ID WL
                                                         drivers

                                                          Benchmark:
                                                          tested WL
                                                          estimates derived
                                                          from NAS data
                 Air
           Tool                                    less   w/observer
    USG(FA       traffic            Air/G
           evalu                                   sub- ratings; subscales
    A)           contr              round
           ation                                   scales (notP) inter-
                 ol
                                                          correlated; didn't
                                                          compute OW;
                                                          didn't work too
                                                          well


                                                          Recommended
            Model Meta     Pers-
    USG(N                                                 TLX for use in eval
U           valid analy    nlty             Auto
    ASA)                                                  adv, adaptive,
            ation sis      Trust
                                                          autom'n, trust




                  Medic
            Appli
                  al:
U           catio          Exper            VR            No results yet
                  Veteri
            n
                  nary



                  Telec
            Appli          Pers-                          TLX ratings
                  om              Telco
U           catio          nlty                           confirmed this was
                  opera           n
            n              Stress                         a demanding task
                  tors


           Appli                                          Related subScale
                 Medic              Vario
U   UKgovt catio           Stress                         levels to stress
                 al                 us
           n                                              coping styles


                  Telec                                 Rxy(unweighted)
            Appli
                  om       Pers-    Telco               TLX & subScales
U           catio                                  RTLX
                  opera    nlty     n                   w/personality
            n
                  tors                                  variables
    Appli                                         sig WL effects of
                             Contr
U   catio           Health                        task difficulty and
                             ol
    n                                             the common cold




            Telec                                Rxy avg ratings to
                    Pers-
            om             Telco                 measures stress
U                   nlty                    RTLX
            opera          n                     ratings &
                    Stress
            tors                                 personality




          Cell
                                                  WL effects of
          Phone
                    Distr- Data Voice             manual vs hand-
U         s,
                    action entry I/O              free cell phone &
          PDAs,
                                                  intelligibility
          etc
          Cell                                    sig TLX and
    Appli Phone                                   subScales imprv
                             Drivi   Voc/
U   catio s,        Perf                          w/ "personal
                             ng      man
    n     PDAs,                                   hands-free" cell
          etc                                     phone




    Appli Comp
                             Readi vis/
U   catio uter                                    not stated
                             ng    aud
    n     users




                                                  TLX meas diff
                                                  btwn typing
    Appli Comp                                    w/standard & new
                             Data
    catio uter                     Key            keyboard that
                             entry
    n     users                                   reduces
                                                  hand/finger
                                                  mvmts



    Appli           Pers-
          Medic                                   Hypoglycemia
U   catio           nlty
          al                                      causes distraction
    n               Stress
                                                         TLX correlated
            Tool
    USG(N         Space              Flyin   CAW         well w/SA, perf &
            evalu           SA
    ASA)          flight             g       S           Bedford +
            ation
                                                         subScale info




                                                         Only temporal
                                                         demand showed
           Appli
    USG(Ar       Militar             Com                 effec of info
U          catio            Stress        Auto
    my)          y C3I               mand                reliabilityt, no
           n
                                                         trust diff, were
                                                         streee & perf diff




           Appli                     Sim                 no TLX or "trust"
    USG(Ar       Militar
U          catio            Trust    Comb Auto           differences 'tho
    my)          y C3I
           n                         at                  perf diff.




                                                         No OW. Separate
            Appli Comp                                   analyses for ea
                                     Data vis/
U           catio uter                             sub   scale. Only Ef & Fr
                                     entry aud
            n     users                                  sig reduced by
                                                         haptic cndn.




                                                         TLX showed WL
            Appli Comp                                   cost of better perf.
                                     Desig
U           catio uter      Perf                         And confidence w/
                                     n
            n     users                                  interface design
                                                         tool




            Appli Cockp
                                     Flyin               wl & perf Rxy w/
U           catio it        Perf             svs
                                     g                   sVS
            n     (Civil)
                  Air
            Appli
    USG(N         traffic             Air/G
U           catio           Traffic
    ASA)          contr               round
            n
                  ol



                                                         sig TLX diff due to
                  Air
            Appli                                        traffic density
    USG(N         traffic             Air/G
            catio           Traffic         Auto         (2ndrd task effect
    ASA)          contr               round
            n                                            too but not
                  ol
                                                         physio)

                                                         sig TLX diff due to
                  Mariti              Monit              display integration
            Appli
                  me:                 oring Vis/         levels
U           catio           Perf
                  Subm                /Vigil Aud         (simultaneous
            n
                  arine               ance               more WL but
                                                         poorer perf)

                  Mariti              Monit              Consistent incr.
            Appli
                  me:                 oring              TLX ratings as
U           catio                            vis
                  Subm                /Vigil             sources of info
            n
                  arine               ance               incr.
                                                         context effect;
            Tool
                  Lab                              conte ratings on 2nd
            evalu
                  tasks                            xt    task affected by
            ation
                                                         diff of 1st



            Tool
                  Revie
            evalu
                  w
            ation




                                                         Used TLX as
                                                         benchmark for
                                      Monit              physio meas
            Tool
                                      oring              during tracking
I   I       evalu Cars
                                      /Vigil             (skin potential
            ation
                                      ance               level only physio
                                                         measure that
                                                         showed change)


            Appli
                  Cyclin
            catio           Physio Sport                 not stated
                  g
            n
                      Air                                    sig WL& perf
                Appli
         USG(FA       traffic           Air/G                imprvmt w/ new
                catio            Perf         Auto
         A)           contr             round                planning interface
                n
                      ol                                     for ATC




                                                             No diff in perf or
                Appli Maint             Asse                 WL btwn paper or
usg(FA   usg(FA                               Voice
                catio enanc             mbly/                voice technology
A)       A)                                   I/O
                n     e                 Mx                   for Airways
                                                             Facilities Mx


                                                             Not sure what
                                                             they concluded - -
                       Air                                   possibly that TLX
                 Appli
Eurocon                traffic   Fatigu Air/G                measured WL (as
        EU       catio
trol                   contr     e      round                it should), but
                 n
                       ol                                    don't need all
                                                             subscales. Cortisol
                                                             measured stress

                                                             Speculated about
                 Tool
         USG(N                                               new uses &
U                Revie
         ASA)                                                extensiions for
                 w
                                                             TLX

                                                             Identified point at
                                                Vis/
                                                             which WL was "too
         USG(N   Redli Lab              Dual    Aud
U                                perf                        high" w/different
         ASA)    ne    tasks            Task    Voc/
                                                             meas of perf &
                                                man
                                                             TLX


                                        Monit
                 Appli                         Auto          Wl of diff aiding
         USG(N         Lab              oring
U                catio                         Sche          sys for monitoring
         ASA)          tasks            /Vigil
                 n                             d             tasks
                                        ance



                 Tool
         USG(U         Cockp            Flyin
                 evalu                                 mod   contexxt effects
         SAF)          it               g
                 ation
                        Tool Cockp                                     looked for context
                USG(U                            Flyin
                        evalu it                                       effects on TLX
                SAF)                             g
                        ation (Mil)                                    ratings




                        Benc Cockp                       Auto          Used TLX to
                USG(U                            Flyin
         I              hmar it         SA               Vis/          match 2ndry task
                SAF)                             g
                        k    (Mil)                       aud           levels before sim




                                                                     No sig diff btwn
                        Tool Cockp                                   weighted &
                USG(U                            Flyin
                        evalu it        Perf                    RTLX unweighted
                SAF)                             g
                        ation (Mil)                                  averages using MS
                                                                     Flight sim.




                        Tool
                USG(U         Cockp              Flyin                 Weights not
                        evalu                                   RTLX
                SAF)          it                 g                     necessary
                        ation



                                                                       Traffic displ
                        Appli Cockp
                USG(N                           Flyin                  w/most predictive
         U              catio it        Traffic          Auto
                ASA)                            g                      info improved perf
                        n     (Civil)
                                                                       & wkld

                                                                       recommended TLX
                        Tool Comp
                                                                       for early eval of
         USG    USG     evalu uter
                                                                       sftwe for massive
                        ation users
                                                                       db


                        Appli Cockp                                    D/L didn't improve
                                                 Flyin
                        catio it        SA               D/L           SA & caused
                                                 g
                        n     (Civil)                                  higher WL


                        Appli Comp
                                                 Data Voice
leaonline.com           catio uter
                                                 entry I/O
                        n     users

                                                                       heart rate
                        Tool                                           variability Rxy
                              Lab                Contr
         U              evalu           Physio                         w/effort subScale
                              tasks              ol
                        ation                                          in mental rotation
                                                                       task
                                        Monit                  sig TLX
               Appli Comp
                                        oring 3D               improvement w/
U              catio uter
                                        /Vigil Audio           spatially-enhanced
               n     users
                                        ance                   auditory cues



                                                               TLX-agreement
                            Team                               btwn raters &
               Model Rail -
                            /org Crew   Dis-                   experts, ID
U              valid Dispa
                            beha size   patch                  variables that
               ation tch
                            vior                               influence #
                                                               personnel needed


                                                           Recomm tools for
               Tool                                        design &
USG(US USG/U         Revie                                 verification in C3I,
               evalu
AF)    SAF           w                                     cockpits,
               ation
                                                           supervisory cntrl,
                                                           lab, etc
                                                           In German - -
               Tool
                     Revie                                 listed 2 ratings
               Revie
                     w                                     scales - - TLX &
               w
                                                           SWAT
                                                           no OW diff btwn
                                                           3D audio & cntrl;
                                        Monit
               Appli Cockp                           indiv sig effects for
      USG(U                             oring 3D
               catio it                              wxsu weighted
      SAF)                              /Vigil audio
               n     (Mil)                           b     subScales; no perf
                                        ance
                                                           or WL diff for
                                                           other variables

                                                               wl levels were
                                                               "moderate" and
                                        Monit
               Appli Cockp                                     didn't differ
      USG(U                             oring 3D
               catio it                                        between fixd &
      SAF)                              /Vigil audio
               n     (Mil)                                     3D;mixed results
                                        ance
                                                               for individual,
                                                               weighted subS


                                                               sig OW diff for
                                                               some IV: sig task
               Appli Cockp                             indiv   x weighted
      USG(U                             Dual    vis/
               catio it                                wx      subScale
      SAF)                              Task    aud
               n     (Mil)                             sub     interaction; MD
                                                               showed sig effect
                                                               of 2ndry task
                                                         Mod WL (50). No
                                                         effect (but may be
            Appli                                        due to having to
    USG(U         Militar          Com 3D
            catio                             mod        rate whole
    SAF)          y C3I            mand Audio
            n                                            situation, not just
                                                         part related to
                                                         com)
                  Space
                                   Super                 no TLX or
                  flight
            Appli                  visor                 accuracy diff btwn
    USG(N         (Laun                  CAW
I           catio                  y                     auditory alarm
    ASA)          ch                     S
            n                      Contr                 fmts 'tho were RT
                  contr
                                   ol                    & 2ndry task diff
                  ol)

                                                         TLX discriminated
                                   Remo
           Appli UAV                                     mission difficulty
    USG(Ar                         te    vis/
U          catio opera      Perf                         not display cndn
    my)                            contr aud
           n     tors                                    (same as perf &
                                   ol
                                                         SME ratings)
            Tool                                      German review of
                  Revie                          Germ
            Revie                                     wl meas include
                  w                              an
            w                                         TLX

                                                 Paper   compared results
            Tool
                  Revie                          vs      with paper vs
            Revie
                  w                              comp    computer
            w
                                                 uter    presentation


                 Air                                     Alludes to
           Appli
                 traffic           Air/G                 workload
U   CNgovt catio            SA           Auto
                 contr             round                 difference but
           n
                 ol                                      presents no data


                  Air                                    sig TLX incr w/
            Appli
                  traffic           Air/G                traffic load; sig
U           catio           Traffic       Auto
                  contr             round                reduced by
            n
                  ol                                     predictive aid




            Tool Meta
U           Revie analy
            w     sis
                  Const                                   Compared task
            Tool
                  ruct/             Asse                  difficulty meas in
            evalu            Physio
                  asmbl             mbly                  assmbly line to
            ation
                  y                                       predict injuries


            Tool                                          Detailed
                  Revie
U           Revie                                         description of how
                  w
            w                                             to use TLX



                 Air
           Appli                                          impact of CDTi &
    USG(FA       traffic               Air/G
I          catio             Traffic                      new procedures
    A)           contr                 round
           n                                              on wl
                 ol




                 Air
           Appli                                          TLX showed sig
    USG(FA       traffic               Air/G
I          catio             Traffic         CDTI         imrpv when all a/c
    A)           contr                 round
           n                                              had CDTI
                 ol



                                                          Significantly
           Appli                                          modified TLX
    USG(NI                             Drivi
U          catio Cars                               mod   subscales; discrim
    H)                                 ng
           n                                              experience-related
                                                          effects

                  Comp
                                       Desig
U                 uter                       vis
                                       n
                  users


                         Team
            Appli                    Team
    USG(N         Space /org
            catio             Stress Dec                  not stated
    ASA)          flight beha
            n                        mak
                         vior
                  Cell
                                             Vis/
            Appli Phone
                                       Data Aud
I   I       catio s,         Perf                         Good Rxy w/perf;
                                       entry Voc/
            n     PDAs,
                                             man
                  etc
                                                      compared TLX, R-
                                                      NASA-TLX, SWAT,
           Appli                                      MCH; RTLX had
                                  Drivi
U          catio Cars                            RTLX higher factor
                                  ng
           n                                          validity (because
                                                      definitions tailored
                                                      to that env)



                                                        Vis + aud info
           Appli
                                  Drivi   Vis/          reduced WL &
U          catio Cars
                                  ng      Aud           time looking at
           n
                                                        nav display in cars


                 Cell
           Appli Phone                                  WL/perf of small-
                                  Data Voice
U          catio s,                                     screen graphical
                                  entry I/O
           n     PDAs,                                  user interface
                 etc

                                                        developed new
                                                        version of TLX for
           Tool
                                  Drivi                 use in cars w/nav
I   I      evalu Cars                            DALI
                                  ng                    sys: DALI-Driving
           ation
                                                        Activity Load
                                                        index



                                                        drivers with
                                                        disabilities drove
           Appli
                 eye       Disabi Drivi   Vis/          as well but
U   SEgovt catio                                 sub
                 mvmt      litity ng      Aud           experienced
           n
                                                        greater TP and
                                                        expended more Ef


                                                      Found predicted
           Tool                                       TLX & perf ; "new
                 Lab
           evalu           Perf   Lab            RTLX scoring method"
                 tasks
           ation                                      better than
                                                      original



                                                      Combined C-H like
           Tool Cockp                                 decision tree
                                  Flyin          Germ
           evalu it                                   (ZEIS) w/ TLX;
                                  g              an
           ation (Civil)                              eval both in sim flt
                                                      task
                                                           NASA-TLX more
           Tool Cockp                                      sensitive for flt
                                       Flyin          Germ
           evalu it                                        cntrl tasks; NASA-
                                       g              an
           ation (Civil)                                   TLX ZEIS Only OK
                                                           for screening




           Tool
                                                      Germ
           evalu
                                                      an
           ation



                                                           TLX was reliable,
           Appli
                 Lab                                  Germ but less valid than
           catio                Age            Vis
                 tasks                                an   other subj
           n
                                                           methods (?)

                                                             IDed meas to eval
                         Team                                new info ctr dsgn;
           Tool
    USG(Na       Militar /org          Desig                 found sig diff for
I          evalu                                      sub
    vy)          y C3I beha            n                     TLX subscales
           ation
                         vior                                btwn hi/lo wkld
                                                             periods

                                                             Compared MRQ to
                                                             mod. Versions of
           Tool
                 Lab                   Flyin                 SWAT & TLX-
U          evalu                                      mod
                 tasks                 g                     found no sig diff,
           ation
                                                             but MRQ slightly
                                                             better Rxy w/perf


           Appli Comp
                                                             sig Rxy for TLX
I   I      catio uter           Perf           Auto
                                                             w/RT & accuracy
           n     users


                                                             Eval what wkld
           Tool
                                                             means in rail
U          evalu Rail
                                                             industry and how
           ation
                                                             to measure it
                                                   better perf, lower
            Appli Comp                             Ef & MD w/ new
                          Disa-    Data Voice
U           catio uter                             synthetic speech
                          bility   entry I/O
            n     users                            aid for blind
                                                   computer users

                                                   unrelated to
            Appli         Fatigu
                                 Dis-              fatigue, Rxy
I   I       catio Rail    e
                                 patch             w/#trains;preferre
            n             Stress
                                                   d eTAWL (?)

                                                   sig TLX imprv w/
            Appli                                  self-regulation
U           catio         Physio            Auto   training; related
            n                                      perf & EEG
                                                   effects; low wl

                                                   sign TLx higher for
                                                   students who
            Appli                                  learned stats
                  Lab
U           catio         Exper Math               part>whole vs
                  tasks
            n                                      whole>part and
                                                   for part vs whole
                                                   intn'n



                                                   sig TLX
            Appli                                  improvement w/
    USG(N         Lab              Dual
            catio         Physio            Auto   self-regulation
    ASA)          tasks            task
            n                                      training; related
                                                   perf & EEG effects




                                                   sig decrease in
            Appli                                  TLX w/ adaptive
    USG(N         Lab              Dual
            catio         Physio            Auto   aiding; sig imprv
    ASA)          tasks            task
            n                                      perf; also ERP
                                                   effects




                                   Monit
            Appli                                  Task-specific sex
    USG(N         Lab              oring
            catio         Sex                      diff in vigilance
    ASA)          tasks            /Vigil
            n                                      perf & TLX
                                   ance
                                                          sig WL incr
            Appli                                         w/negative fdbk &
    USG(N         Lab                 Dual
            catio            Physio          Auto         in more difficult
    ASA)          tasks               Task
            n                                             trk & monitoring
                                                          tasks


                                                          nonSig higher TLX
                                      Air/G
                 Air                                      w/ mixed voice
           Appli                      round
    USG(FA       traffic                                  and D/L
U          catio             Perf     ;     D/L
    A)           contr                                    interaction w/plts;
           n                          com
                 ol                                       few perf
                                      m
                                                          differences either


                                      Air/G               non-sig TLX Rxy
            Appli Cockp               round               w/DL transmission
    USG(N
            catio it                  ;     D/L           delays (maybe
    ASA)
            n     (Civil)             com                 because no actual
                                      m                   diff?)

                                   Decis                  nonSig WL diff
            Appli Cockp
    USG(N                          ion                    btwn exp & novice
U           catio it         Exper       Auto
    ASA)                           Makin                  plts emergency
            n     (Civil)
                                   g                      planning

                  Air
            Appli
    USG(N         traffic             Air/G               Sig diff for MD &
            catio                           Auto    sub
    ASA)          contr               round               Fr scales
            n
                  ol



    USG(D           Soldie
I           Cited            Stress          Auto         Cited only
    ARPA)           rs



                                                          TLX showed
                                                          impact of
            Appli                   Sim
                  Soldie     Perf                         performing in
            catio                   Comb
                  rs         Stress                       MOPP gear in
            n                       at
                                                          hot/wet sim NBC
                                                          & non NBC env

                                                          used TLX to
            Benc                                          compute WL of a
    USG(N                    Distr- Drivi
            hmar Cars                                     variety of tasks
    HTSA)                    action ng
            k                                             that might be
                                                          done while driving
                                                 sig TLX interaction
                                  Air/G
                  Air                            btwn audio comm
            Appli                 round
                  traffic                        x pilot delays but
U           catio                 ;
                  contr                          lots of b-s
            n                     com
                  ol                             variability in perf
                                  m
                                                 as well as ratings




            Appli                                Rxy btwn
    USG(N         Athlet
U           catio           Physio Sport         cardiovascular
    ASA)          e
            n                                    activity & TLX




            Appli                                Rxy btwn
    USG(N         Athlet
U           catio           Physio Sport         cardiovascular
    ASA)          e
            n                                    activity & TLX




                                                Experimental
                                                validation of
                                                different
           Tool                            Diff
                 Lab              Dual          combinatorial
U   FRgovt evalu                           Comb
                 tasks            Task          models for
           ation                           Algo
                                                workload study
                                                TLX & article in
                                                French)




                                                 Results of multiple
            Tool                                 Rxy analysis of
                  Revie
U           evalu                                TLX & other
                  w
            ation                                variables to
                                                 predict WL
                                      Drivi
U              Plan   Cars    Exper                     No results yet
                                      ng




                                                        Some decrements
                                                        in driving perf
              Appli
                              Distra Drivi              w/vis nav system.
SEgovt SEgovt catio Cars                          sub
                              ction ng                  Only Fr scales
              n
                                                        showed
                                                        differences




                                                        FAA commissioned
              Tool Cockp
       USG(FA                         Flyin             CSERIAC to review
              Revie it
       A)                             g                 SoA in meas WL &
              w     (Civil)
                                                        SA



                     Cockp                              SWAT only;
       USG(U   Redli                  Flyin
                     it                                 redline can be
       SAF)    ne                     g
                     (Mil)                              inferred for TLX

                                                        no TLX or mood
                                                        effects as task
               Appli
                     Medic            Data              demands incr (and
               catio          Perf
                     al               entry             perf declined) in
               n
                                                        prescription entry
                                                        task



                                                        TLX Rxy w/stress
               Appli          Pers-
                     Medic           Readi Vis/         & consistent
               catio          nlty
                     al              ng    Aud          w/info process
               n              Stress
                                                        model pred.
                  Cell
            Appli Phone                              Describes use of
                                  Data          Germ
I   I       catio s,                                 German version of
                                  entry         an
            n     PDAs,                              TLX in German
                  etc



                                                      Phys demand,
                                                      performance,
            Appli Maint
                                  Inspe               overall workload
U           catio enanc    Perf                 sub
                                  ction               discriminated
            n     e
                                                      btwn different
                                                      types of restriction
                                                      Described &
            How
U                                                     recomm TLX for
            to
                                                      ordinary tasks

                                                      WL higher during
            Appli Cockp                               active than
    USG(U                         Flyin
U           catio it                      FoV         passive cntrl
    SAF)                          g
            n     (Mil)                               (interacted
                                                      w/FOV)


                                                      sig improvement
                  Robot                               in TLX ratings
                                 Remo
            Appli ics,                                w/map vs written;
    USG(N                        te
U           catio Teleo    Exper       VR             sig Rxy btwn
    SF)                          contr
            n     ps,                                 "presence" & WL
                                 ol
                  VR                                  (not what
                                                      expected)


                                                      meaningful OW
                  Websi
            Appli                                     correlates w/info
                  te/             Data Vis/
I   I       catio          Info                       overload/content
                  intern          entry Aud
            n                                         density & perf &
                  et
                                                      subScale effects

                                                      Compared Fastap,
                  Cell
                                                      uniTap & T9 test
            Appli Phone
                                  Data                entry interfaces;
I   I       catio s,
                                  entry               used subScales;
            n     PDAs,
                                                      UniTap better
                  etc
                                                      perf, less WL
                       Air
Eurocon                traffic             Air/G
        EU      Plan             Traffic                      No results yet
trol                   contr               round
                       ol


                                                              Plan to measure
                       Air
                                                              impact of
Eurocon                traffic   SA      Air/G          Frenc
        EU      Plan                                          separation
trol                   contr     Traffic round          h
                                                              assurance
                       ol
                                                              schemes

                       Hi-              Sim
       USG(Ar
U                      risk      Stress Comb                  Not stated
       my)
                       env              at



                                           Monit
       USG(Ar          Soldie    Pers-     oring
U                                                             not stated
       my)             rs        nlty      /Vigil
                                           ance



                                                              Used TLX to ID
                                                              potential order
                                                              effects (none); sig
              Appli                                     indiv effects for OW and
       USG(Ar       Monit                  Air/G
U             catio                              auto   WxSu relevant
       my)          oring                  round
              n                                         b     subScales;
                                                              Reported
                                                              weighted subscale
                                                              analyses


                                           Remo               SA & TLX results
                Appli UAV
                                           te                 consistent w/other
I      I        catio opera      SA              Auto
                                           contr              meas & provided
                n     tors
                                           ol                 add'l info

                                                             RTLX; no sig btwn
                                                             manual & auto;
              Appli                                          sig diff btwn auto
       USG(Ar       Militar                Com
U             catio                             Auto    RTLX levels & auto
       my)          y C3I                  mand
              n                                              reliability levels;
                                                             perf effects
                                                             complex

                                                              MD subScale; sig
                                                              Rxy w/# of "free
                Appli
       USG(U          Monit      Physio Air/G Vis/            flyers"; sig OW
U               catio
       SAF)           oring      Traffic round Aud            diff for
                n
                                                              complexity; HRVar
                                                              less sensitive
                                                             TLX, SWAT, WP
                 Tool                                        highly Rxy; SWAT
                       Revie                           Spani
U                Revie                                       & TLX more
                       w                               sh
                 w                                           diagnostic; WP
                                                             more sensitive;

                                                             TLX translated
                Tool                                         into French; more
                      Revie                            Frenc
FRgovt   FRgovt Revie                                        sensitive than
                      w                                h
                w                                            SWAT or WP &
                                                             Rxy w/perf

                                                             SWAT & SWORD
                       Cockp                                 only; redline for
         USG(U   Redli          Crew    Flyin
                       it                       auto         TLX only by
         SAF)    ne             size    g
                       (Mil)                                 inference; TLX
                                                             cited



                                        Remo                 clear perf benefit
                 Appli UAV
         USG(U                          te                   of aid, but WL,
U                catio opera    Trust         Auto
         SAF)                           contr                trust, SA ineracted
                 n     tors
                                        ol                   sig w/other factors



                                                             sig Rxy btwn TLX
                       Websi
                 Tool                                        subScales &
                       te/                      vis/
U&I              evalu          Trust                  sub   customer
                       intern                   aud
                 ation                                       satisfaction/trust
                       et
                                                             ratings

                       Const
                 Model                                       Validate mdl to
                       ruct/            asse
U                valid                                       predict H/M
                       assm             mbly
                 ation                                       compatibility
                       bly



                       Cell
                       Phone
         USG(NI
U               Plan   s,       Age             Auto         No results yet
         H)
                       PDAs,
                       etc
            Tool Cockp                                     SWAT & TLX both
                                     Flyin
I   I       Revie it                                       good tools to
                                     g
            w     (Civil)                                  meas WL in av




            Tool Meta
U           Revie analy                                    Cited only
            w     sis



                   Comp
                                     Data voc/
I   I       Plan   uter                                    No results yet
                                     entry man
                   users


                                     Monit                 TLX, but not perf
            Appli
                  Lab                oring                 showed effects of
I   I       catio           Perf            Vis
                  tasks              /Vigil                vigilance
            n
                                     ance                  instructions

                                     Monit
            Appli                                          wl, personality
                  Lab       Pers-    oring
U           catio                                          correlates for
                  tasks     nlty     /Vigil
            n                                              vigilance
                                     ance



                                     Monit                Sig diff for TLX, Fr
            Appli
                  Lab       Pers-    oring                and MD subscales
U           catio                                    RTLX
                  tasks     nlty     /Vigil               due to instructions
            n
                                     ance                 & personality



                                     Monit
                  Revie              oring
U           Cited
                  w                  /Vigil
                                     ance




                 Cockp
    USG(FA                           Flyin
U          Cited it         Physio            Auto         cited only
    A)                               g
                 (Civil)
                                                          Unweighted avg +
                                                          analyses of each
                                       Monit              scale; some sig
               Appli
                     Lab       Pers-   oring              effects for OW; hi
U              catio                                 RTLX
                     tasks     nlty    /Vigil             WL of vigilance
               n
                                       ance               tasks related to
                                                          boredom &
                                                          frusration

                                                           sig reduction in
                                                           WL (and
              Appli                  Sim                   subScales) w/ new
       USG(Ar       Soldie
              catio            Exper Comb            range training for
       my)          rs
              n                      at                    adaptibility
                                                           (~33% had TLX
                                                           >90 w/trad train!)

                                                           controller TLX
                     Air               Monit               ratings not
               Appli
Eurocon              traffic           oring Voice         sensitive to syntax
        EU     catio
trol                 contr             /Vigil I/O          used for context-
               n
                     ol                ance                sensitive speech
                                                           recog

               Tool                                        Lukewarm
Eurocon                                Air/G
        EU     Revie                                       recommendation
trol                                   round
               w                                           for use of TLX



                                                           manned & auton.
                                                           opns were
                    Armor
              Appli                    Sim                 successful, but WL
       USG(Ar       ed
              catio                    Comb                hi; topography,
       my)          vehicl
              n                        at                  Wx, man cntrl
                    es
                                                           affected WL; also
                                                           subScale effects



                                                           Listed TLX as one
               Tool Cockp                                  of standard
       USG(N                           Flyin
U              Revie it                                    measures they
       ASA)                            g
               w     (Civil)                               use in sim
                                                           research

                     Robot
                                       Remo                Recomm. TLX one
               Tool ics,
       USG(D                           te                  meas of when
               Revie Teleo
       ARPA)                           contr               human (or robot)
               w     ps,
                                       ol                  is overloaded
                     VR
                                                         Modified TLX-ME,
                                                         P, modified F
                                                         (MTLX) - no
                     Power     Team                      weights. Strong
               Appli                                     practice effect &
       USG(N         plant     /org   Data
               catio                              mod    Rxy w/perf
       RC)           opera     beha   entry
               n                                         (navigating
                     tors      vior
                                                         around large
                                                         displays) to
                                                         validate new
                                                         scale;
                                                         Produced a
                            Team                         combined
              Appli Cockp                                TLX/ZEIS scale
                            /org      Flyin
GEgovt GEgovt catio it                            mod    showed hig WL,
                            beha      g
              n     (Civil)                              resulted in
                            vior
                                                         recommended
                                                         changes
                            Team
               Appli                              less
                            /org
U              catio Office                       sub- removed PD
                            beha
               n                                  scales
                            vior

                                      Monit              Seemed to get
              Appli
                    Desig             oring              useful results from
U      GEgovt catio                          VR
                    n                 /Vigil             OW- gaze-based
              n
                                      ance               vis monitoring




                                                       Reviews
               Tool
                                                  Germ val/rel/sens of
       U       evalu
                                                  an   German-language
               ation
                                                       version of TLX




                                                         elim PhysEff scale;
               Model Cockp                        less   OW decreased w/
       USG(N                          Flyin
               valid it                           sub- use of project
       ASA)                           g
               ation (Civil)                      scales scheduling
                                                         software


                                                       TLX vs SWAT vs
                                                       MCH vs RNASA-
                                                       TLX (MD, VisD,
               Appli
                     Desig            Drivi            AudD, TD, Diff in
               catio                              RTLX
                     n                ng               Driving, Diff in
               n
                                                       understanding);
                                                       RNASA-TLX more
                                                       sensitive than TLX
                                                            Interesting
                     Robot
                                       Remo                 relationships
               Appli ics,
                                       te                   between lag in
U              catio Teleo                   VR
                                       contr                teleoperation &
               n     ps,
                                       ol                   telerototic cndns
                     VR
                                                            (shared control)



                                                            TLX insensitive to
              Appli           Fatigu
                    Medic                                   amphetemine
CNgovt CNgovt catio           e
                    al                                      dose or fatigue
              n               Stress
                                                            levels


                                                            Time estimation,
               Appli                                        TLX ratings Rxy
                     Lab               Dual           Japan
U              catio                                        task diff & each
                     tasks             Task           ese
               n                                            other (EF & MD
                                                            best subScales)
                                                            TLX, ERP Rxy
               Appli          Fatigu
                     Lab             Dual             Japan w/task diff; NOT
U              catio          e
                     tasks           Task             ese   sensitive to taks
               n              Physio
                                                            duration/fatigue


                                                            TLX useful meas
              Appli Cockp
USG(Ar USG(Ar                 Perf   Flyin                  of WL in flight;
              catio it
my)    my)                    Physio g                      discrim
              n     (Civil)
                                                            maneuvers, flt seg


                                                            Implied that WL
                                                            benefitted from
              Appli
       U/USG(       Medic                      Vis/         audio & video
              catio           Age
       NIH)         al                         Aud          instruction for
              n
                                                            telemedicine as
                                                            difficulty increased

                     Cell
               Appli Phone                                  used TLX to meas
                                       Data
U              catio s,                                     perf of text entry
                                       entry
               n     PDAs,                                  devices
                     etc

                                                            WL incr as teens
               Appli                                        perf diff tasks
                              Distr- Drivi
U              catio Cars                                   while driving car;
                              action ng
               n                                            driving perf stayed
                                                            same

               Appli
               catio          Health
               n
                                                              Wkld ratings
                                                              showed > wkld
              Appli Cockp
                                         Flyin   vis/         w/better displays
U             catio it
                                         g       aud          (novelty?) -2ndry
              n     (GA)
                                                              task appeared to
                                                              discrim better

                                                              WL increased as
                          Team
              Appli                            Auto           length of design
                    Desig /org           Data
U             catio                            Vis/           process incr & was
                    n     beha           entry
              n                                aud            higher w/out
                          vior
                                                              aiding

                                                              used TLX to eval
                           Team                               effects of fatigue,
              Appli                    Team
                    Mariti /org Fatigu                        team structure
Cngovt Cngovt catio                    Dec
                    me     beha e                             for naval
              n                        mak
                           vior                               surveillance &
                                                              threat assmt task

                                                              Interaction
              Appli
                                 Pers-   Data                 between WL and
U             catio Office
                                 nlty    entry                task absorption in
              n
                                                              open fmt office

                                                              Dvlpd model of
                                                              wkld using
                    Armor
              Model                                           factorial analysis
       USG(Ar       ed                   Drivi   vis/
              valid                                     sub   of TLX subScales,
       my)          vehicl               ng      aud
              ation                                           SART, perf data >
                    es
                                                              simulated in
                                                              IMPRINT




                    Armor
              Appli                                           sig increase in TLX
       USG(Ar       ed                   Drivi
              catio                                           w/indirect viz sys
       my)          vehicl               ng
              n                                               for combat vehicle
                    es
                                                      Used SWORD, TLX
                                                      2ndry Task, &
                                                      SAGAT. SWORD &
                                                      TLX more
                    Cockp                             sensitive than
      USG(U   Redli                  Flyin
                    it       SA              SVS      SAGAT (but didn't
      SAF)    ne                     g
                    (Mil)                             agree) REDLINE
                                                      proposed for TLX
                                                      at ~50 (point at
                                                      which perf
                                                      deteriorated)


                                                      ideal cfi/student
              Appli Cockp                             combo based on
                             Pers-   Flyin
U             catio it                                personality - HT,
                             nlty    g
              n     (GA)                              TLX, pers all
                                                      related to perf



                   Air
             Appli
      USG(FA       traffic           Air/G            not stated in
             catio
      A)           contr             round            abstract
             n
                   ol


                                     Air/G
                   Air                                No sig diff for OW
             Appli                   round Auto
      USG(FA       traffic                            or subScales for
             catio           Traffic ;     Vis/
      A)           contr                              different comm
             n                       com aud
                   ol                                 delays
                                     m

                                                      non sig but useful
             Appli                                    subScale ratings
                   Desig             Data Voice
U     CNgovt catio                              sub   for vocal code
                   n                 entry I/O
             n                                        documentation
                                                      system
                                                      Voice entry
              Appli Comp                              generated more
                                     Data Voice       documentation
U             catio uter
                                     entry I/O        entries w/no addl
              n     users
                                                      OW or subScale
                                                      loads

                                                      eval use of
                                                      "playbook"
              Appli UAV
USG(na                                                interface for 4 or 8
       USG    catio opera
vy)                                                   vehicles in
              n     tors
                                                      simulated
                                                      Roboflag env.
                                                        Used a scale "like
            Appli UAV                   Auto
                                                        TLX" - - didn't say
U           catio opera     SA     Game Vis/      mod
                                                        what it was nor
            n     tors                  aud
                                                        results


                                   Monit
            Appli                         Auto
                  Monit            oring                only perf results
U           catio           SA            Vis/
                  oring            /Vigil               reported
            n                             aud
                                   ance


                  Robot
            Appli ics,
    USG(U                          Air/G
U           catio Teleo
    SAF)                           round
            n     ps,
                  VR




                                                        driver use of
            Appli                                       cruise cntrl sig
                                   Drivi   Voc/
U           catio Cars      SA                          Rxy w/WL stress,
                                   ng      man
            n                                           SA (SART) trust,
                                                        locus of control



                                                        Sig OW effects
                                                        between and
                                                        within flight
            Appli Cockp
    USG(N                          Flyin                difficulty, layout,
U           catio it                       svs
    ASA)                           g                    display cndns;
            n     (Civil)
                                                        also analyzed
                                                        indiv. Scales (only
                                                        ME showed effect)

                                                        Sig TLX reduction
            Appli Cockp                                 for tunnel
    USG(N                          Flyin
U           catio it        Perf           SVS          guidance sys;
    ASA)                           g
            n     (Civil)                               smaller display =
                                                        less WL, better SA




                                   Monit
            Appli
                                   oring                not stated in
U           catio           Perf          auto
                                   /Vigil               abstract
            n
                                   ance
                                                           wl ratings based
               Tool                                        on difficulty,
       USG(N                            Dual
U              evalu                                       averaged across
       ASA)                             Task
               ation                                       time + dual-task
                                                           switching cost

                                                           Sig imrpv in OW
               Appli
                               Disa-         Voice         (and some
U              catio                    Math
                               bility        I/O           subScales) for
               n
                                                           Mathtalk
                                                           Sig (but low) OW
               Appli                                       diff forlearning aid
                     Medic     Disa-    Readi
U      EU      catio                          Auto         for blind;
                     al        bility   ng
               n                                           subScales
                                                           analyses useful
                                                           found TLX to be
                     Air                                   useful but it
               Tool
Eurocon              traffic            Air/G              doesn't partition
        EU     evalu
trol                 contr              round              MWL further; Also
               ation
                     ol                                    liked MCH and
                                                           Bedford
                                                           Used TLX, SWAT &
                                                           Bedford in
               Tool Cockp                                  complex mil flt
                                        Flyin              task; combined in
               evalu it        Perf
                                        g                  equation to
               ation (Mil)
                                                           predict impact of
                                                           info complexity on
                                                           perf

               Appli Comp
                                        Data
U              catio uter
                                        entry
               n     users


                                      Monit                sig
              Appli
       USG(Ar                         oring                personalityeffect
U             catio            Stress                sub
       my)                            /Vigil               on OW, Fr & Pe in
              n
                                      ance                 vigilance task

                                                           sig TLX diff for
                                        Monit              task type (focused
              Appli
       USG(Ar       Monit               oring Vis/         vs integrated) and
U             catio                                  sub
       my)          oring               /Vigil Aud         displa. Sig effects
              n
                                        ance               for most
                                                           subScales.

                                                           no sig OW effects;
                                      Monit
               Appli                                       only Fr showed sig
                     Lab              oring Vis/
U              catio           Stress                sub   Rxy - - increased
                     tasks            /Vigil Aud
               n                                           as time on task
                                      ance
                                                           increased
                                                            Only for Fr scale
                                                            did all 4 plts agree
                                                            about which night
           Appli Cockp
    USG(Ar                           Flyin                  vision sys was
           catio it                           svs     sub
    my)                              g                      better (no
           n     (Mil)
                                                            statistical analyses
                                                            or cross-plt
                                                            averages)

            Appli                             Auto          imprv WL w/
                                     Drivi
I   I       catio           Physio            CAW           Adaptive cruise
                                     ng
            n                                 S             control and CAWs


            Tool                                            TLx & 2ndry found
                                     Drivi
I   I       evalu Cars                        Auto          sig diff; physio
                                     ng
            ation                                           meas less



                    Cockp
    USG(N                   Physio Flyin
            Plan    it                        SVS           No results yet
    ASA)                    SA     g
                    (GA)


                  Robot
            Appli ics,                                      sig TLX diff among
                                     Asse
U           catio Teleo     Perf          VR                VR for teaching
                                     mbly
            n     ps,                                       assembly tasks
                  VR


                                                            sig WL effects
                                                            showing benefits
            Appli Cockp
    USG(U                            Flyin    3D            of multi-sensory
            catio it
    SAF)                             g        Audio         cueing (non-cued
            n     (Mil)
                                                            ratings ~50%
                                                            than any cued)




            Tool Cockp
U           Revie it                 flying
            w     (Civil)


            Appli                                           used to assess WL
                                     Drivi
            catio Cars      Perf                            of a variety of
                                     ng
            n                                               driving tasks
                                   Monit
            Appli
                  Monit     Fatigu oring                  WL effects of long-
U           catio
                  oring     e      /Vigil                 duration vigilance
            n
                                   ance




                  Robot                                   Descrpition of
                                     Remo
            Appli ics,                                    interface
                                     te
U           catio Teleo                                   performance
                                     contr
            n     ps,                                     monitoring
                                     ol
                  VR                                      features


                                                          TLX & 2ndry task
           Appli Cockp                                    effects more sig
    USG(Na                           Flyin
U          catio it         Perf             Auto         than perf for
    vy)                              g
           n     (GA)                                     levels of automn
                                                          in flight sim
                  Cell
                                                          No sig diff due to
            Appli Phone
                                  Drivi                   cell phone use,
U           catio s,        Exper
                                  ng                      forexper group,
            n     PDAs,
                                                          was for inexp
                  etc
                                                          non sig TLX diff
                                     Drivi
            Appli                                         between driving &
                            Disa-    ng &
U           catio Cars                                    talking on cell
                            bility   Voice
            n                                             phone; sig diff due
                                     entry
                                                          to experience




                 Air                                      no WL or game
           Appli
                 traffic    Pers-                         perf differences
U   CNgovt catio                     Game
                 contr      nlty                          due to strategic
           n
                 ol                                       processing styles




                                                         sig TLX
                  Power                                  interaction;
            Appli
    USG(N         plant              Contr vis/          combined display
            catio           Exper
    ASA)          opera              ol    aud           modes &
            n
                  tors                                   experience, lower
                                                         WL
                                                         Unweighted avg -
            Appli Cockp                                  no clean display
    USG(N                            Flyin   Vis/
            catio it        Perf                    RTLX effect 'cause order
    ASA)                             g       aud
            n     (Civil)                                of presentation
                                                         sig.
                                                       sig unweighted
                                                       OW diff for
              Appli Cockp
      USG(N                           Flyin   CAW      predictive info &
              catio it                            RTLX
      ASA)                            g       S        time to alert;
              n     (Civil)
                                                       deciding what to
                                                       do caused WL

                                                           Relative mvmt on
                                                           polar star display
                                                           made deviation
                                                           monitoring easiest


              Tool
                    Revie                                  Measure
U             Revie
                    w                                      review/critique;
              w


              Tool
      USG(U         Lab
U             evalu
      SAF)          tasks
              ation


              Appli                                        TLX disrcim btwn
      USG(N         Lab               Contr
              catio                         Auto           low & hi wl
      ASA)          tasks             ol
              n                                            scenarios
              Appli Cockp
      USG(N                           Flyin                tlx discriminated
              catio it                        Auto
      ASA)                            g                    btwn exp cndn
              n     (Civil)
                                                           "trust" related to
                                                           decreased
              Appli                   Info                 frustration, better
                    Banki                   voice
U&I           catio           Trust   Retri                perf. Voice
                    ng                      I/o
              n                       eval                 interactive system
                                                           perf not related to
                                                           wkld
                                                           used MCH & TLX
                                                           comparing noise
                    Armor
              Appli                                        reduction of 2
                    ed                Data Voice
U             catio           Noise                        microphones; sig
                    vehicl            entry I/O
              n                                            Rxy btwn scales
                    es
                                                           (no sig effects for
                                                           either)



              Appli                                        Used MCH & TLX;
                    Militar           Com     Voc/
U&I           catio           Noise                        neither measure
                    y C3I             m       man
              n                                            sensitive



             Tool                                    PC     Downloadable
      USG(Na       Revie
             Revie                                   versio sftwe to run TLX
      vy)          w
             w                                       n      on PCs
                         Tool                                          Spanish versions
                                                                 Spani
         U               Revie                                         of SWAT, TLX
                                                                 sh
                         w                                             reviewed



                               Websi                      Vis/
                         Appli                                         WL/perf impacts
                               te/                        Aud
portal.acm.org           catio                                         of different
                               intern                     Voc/
                         n                                             interface designs
                               et                         man


                               Cell
                         Appli Phone                                   WL/perf impacts
                                                  Data
                         catio s,                                      of different
                                                  entry
                         n     PDAs,                                   interface designs
                               etc


                                                                      Used RTLX &
                         Appli
                                         Distr- Drivi                 subScales,
                         catio Cars                              RTLX
                                         action ng                    showing their
                         n
                                                                      diagnostic value




                         Tool
                                                  Flyin
                         evalu Cars      Physio
                                                  g
                         ation


                                                                       sig improvement
                        Appli Cockp                                    in WL
                 USG(Ar                           Flyin   vis/
         U              catio it                                       w/integrated
                 my)                              g       aud
                        n     (Civil)                                  alerting & warning
                                                                       display

                         Appli
                                         Fatigu Drivi                  not reported (abs
         U               catio Cars
                                         e      ng                     only)
                         n



                                                                       reviewed 18
                                                                       studies that
                         Tool Cockp                                    compared SA &
         USG(US USG(U                             Vario
                         Revie it        SA                            WL (many of
         AF)    SAF)                              us
                         w     (Civil)                                 which used TLX,
                                                                       but no distinction
                                                                       drawn)
                                                    Found dissociation
                                                    btwn WL & perf
                                                    predicted by MRM;
                                                    sig diff for flt
                                                    phase not cntrl
                                                    cndn


                                                    Perf better w/
                                                    voive I/o for
               Appli Cockp                          advanced, single-
USG(NA USG(N                        Flyin   voice
               catio it      Perf                   pilot scout/attach
SA)    ASA)                         g       I/o
               n     (Mil)                          helicopter, but
                                                    there was a WL
                                                    cost

                                                    Compared OW,
                                                    TLX & Bedford
                                                    scales for
                                                    sensitivity
                                                    (Bedford most
                                            Vis/
               Tool Cockp                           sensitive to Flight
USG(US USG(N                        Flyin   aud
               evalu it      Perf                   Phase, diagnoticity
AF)    ASA)                         g       Voice
               ation (Mil)                          (subScales
                                            I/O
                                                    covaried for
                                                    phase, discrim
                                                    control config),
                                                    reliability (test re-
                                                    test so so for any)

                                                    Scale (that
                                                    became SWORD)
               Tool
      USG(N                         Dual            more valid &
               evalu l
      ASA)                          Task            reliable (e.g., high
               ation
                                                    Rxy w/trk perf)
                                                    than TLX



               Tool Cockp
USG(US USG(U                        Flyin   vis/
               evalu it
AF)    SAF)                         g       aud
               ation (Mil)



                                                    perf & WL neg Rxy
               Appli Comp                           for aud vs vis vs
                                    Data vis/
U              catio uter                           haptic fdbk for
                                    entry aud
               n     users                          drag & drop
                                                    computer task;
            Tool                                      Did NOT find
                                  Dual          conte
U           evalu lab                                 expected context
                                  Task          xt
            ation                                     effects for ratings




                  Power           Monit
            Model
    USG(N         plant           oring
I           valid         SA
    RC)           opera           /Vigil
            ation
                  tors            ance




           Appli                 Sim                   vigilence causes
    USG(Ar       Soldie
U          catio          Stress Comb                  stress & hi wkld
    my)          rs
           n                     at                    esp. in war


                                  Monit                Sustained attn
            Appli
                  Monit           oring                creates hi WL that
U           catio                        auto
                  oring           /Vigil               can be lowered by
            n
                                  ance                 bettter dsgn

                                                       Cost of vigilance is
                                  Monit                fairly hi WL (55-
            Appli
                                  oring                70); workload
U           catio
                                  /Vigil               signature of
            n
                                  ance                 vigilance is due to
                                                       MD & Fr subScales


                                 Monit                 olfactory
            Appli
                  Lab            oring                 correlates on perf,
U           catio         Stress
                  tasks          /Vigil                stress, wl in
            n
                                 ance                  vigilance task



                                                       Only reported on
           Model
    USG(Ar       Lab            Dual                   results of 3
U          valid          Noise                 sub
    my)          tasks          task                   subScales (they
           ation
                                                       were sig)



                  Cell
                                                       Used 4 scales
            Appli Phone                         less
                          Pers-   Wood                 (MD, P, E, F)
U           catio s,                            sub-
                          nlty    work                 sigbut different
            n     PDAs,                         scales
                                                       effects for each
                  etc
                 Air                                       Wl & perf for 3D
           Appli
                 traffic              Air/G                sim of airport
U   SEgovt catio
                 contr                round                tower nonSig
           n
                 ol                                        better



            Tool
                  Revie                                    Measure
U           Revie
                  w                                        review/critique;
            w




            Tool
                  Revie                                    Measure
U           Revie
                  w                                        review/critique;
            w


                                                           WL and perf
                                              Vis/
            Model                                          showed impact of
    USG(N         Lab                 Dual    Aud
U           valid                                          competition for
    ASA)          tasks               Task    Voc/
            ation                                          cog, vis, aud
                                              man
                                                           resources
                                                           sig WL & perf
                                                           improvement as
            Appli Cockp
    USG(N                             Flyin                more info
U           catio it        Traffic           Auto
    ASA)                              g                    provided on
            n     (Civil)
                                                           display; no 2ndry
                                                           task effect



                                                           Eye scan, perf
            Model Cockp                                    w/tunnel display,
    USG(N                   Eye  Flyin        SVS
U           valid it                                       traffic display
    ASA)                    mvmt g            D/L
            ation (Civil)                                  reported, TLX
                                                           wasn't



                                                           OW didn't differ
                  Power               Monit
            Appli                                          btwn 2D & 3D
    USG(N         plant               oring Vis/
U           catio           Perf                     sub   displays, found
    SF)           opera               /Vigil aud
            n                                              subScales useful &
                  tors                ance
                                                           sig different


            Tool
                  Revie
U           Revie
                  w
            w
               Appli                                        small, predicted
                                        Drivi   CAW
U              catio Cars                                   negative Rxy btwn
                                        ng      S
               n                                            urgency & WL




                                                            significant Rxy
             Appli                                          btwn annoyance
      USG(FH                            Drivi   CAW
U            catio Cars       Perf                          (of audio alert) &
      WA)                               ng      S
             n                                              WL, no effect of
                                                            urgency

               Tool                                        reviews meas
                     Revie
U              Revie                                  RTLX including "RTLX"
                     w
               w                                           (unwghtd avg)

                   Air
             Appli                                          sig incr subScales
      USG(FA       traffic              Air/G Vis/
             catio            Traffic                 sub   as traffic load incr
      A)           contr                round Aud
             n                                              &
                   ol


                                                            TLX used as
                                     Remo
               Benc UAV                                     benchmark to
USG(US USG(U                         te
               hmar opera     Physio                        verify "E" and "H"
AF)    SAF)                          contr
               k    tors                                    tasks & to bin
                                     ol
                                                            physiological data

                                                           RTLX results made
                                                           sense, also
               Appli
USG(US USG(U         Cockp              Flyin              analyzed subS; no
               catio          Physio                  RTLX
AF)    SAF)          it                 g                  Rxy w/EEG meas
               n
                                                           (index diff
                                                           things?)


                                     Monit
               Tool
      USG(N          Space           oring vis/
               evalu          Stress
      ASA)           flight          /Vigil aud
               ation
                                     ance




               Tool                                         Plan to use TLX for
      USG(N          Space
               evalu                                        space-related
      ASA)           flight
               ation                                        research
                    Air       Team
              Appli
       USG(FA       traffic   /org         Air/G
              catio                Trust
       A)           contr     beha         round
              n
                    ol        vior


                                                                sig Rxy btwn WL,
                                                                time pressure, cog
                              Team
              Appli Hi-                                         complexity &
                              /org        Com
SEgovt SEgovt catio risk           Stress                       saliva
                              beha        mand
              n     env                                         catecholamine
                              vior
                                                                levels (stress) in
                                                                hi-risk env



                                                                HMD (vs monitor)
               Appli                                            resulted in better
       USG(N                               Asse
U              catio                            VR              perf time,
       SF)                                 mbly
               n                                                orientation
                                                                displacement, WL

                                                                SWAT & TLX
                                                                ratings from 1268
                                                                scientists had hi
               Tool Meta                                        reliability,
       Chinese                             vario          Chine
U              evalu analy                                      interscale &
       govt                                us             se
               ation sis                                        intrascale Rxy;
                                                                recommended
                                                                both for use in
                                                                China

               Model                                            WL pred by their
                     Lab                   Dual
U              valid               2ndry                        model Rxy well
                     tasks                 Task
               ation                                            w/TLX & perf

                                                                wl differences
                                                                across MATB &
                    Air
              Appli                                             TRACON game
       USG(FA       traffic        Pers-
U             catio                        Game                 levels; some
       A)           contr          nlty
              n                                                 cardio measures
                    ol
                                                                also sig.; selection
                                                                mean non sig
                                                                Wl ratings
                                                   vis/         sensitive to
               Model
       USG(N         Lab                   Dual    aud;         resource
U              valid               Perf
       ASA)          tasks                 Task    voc/         competition but
               ation
                                                   man          less than perf
                                                                meas

               Tool
                     Revie                                      no conclusions,
U              Revie
                     w                                          just philosophizing
               w
                                                      Related TLX
                                                      subScales to
                                                      COGNET
                    Air
              Model                                   constructs;
      USG(U         traffic             Air/G
I             valid                             sub   compared model's
      SAF)          contr               round
              ation                                   assmt of its owm
                    ol
                                                      wkld to human
                                                      ratings; good fit
                                                      except Fr

                                                      Secondary task
              Appli
                                     Drivi            correlates;
U             catio Cars       2ndry
                                     ng               Performance
              n
                                                      correlates

                     Air
                                                      Plan to use TLX
                     traffic            Air/G
Gegovt EU     Plan                                    among other
                     contr              round
                                                      measures
                     ol

                                                      Found expected
                                                      WL effects - -
             Tool
      USG(Ar       Lab                  Contr         more sensitive
U            evalu             Physio
      my)          tasks                ol            than cerebral
             ation
                                                      blood flow
                                                      measure

                                                      Japanese version
                    Robot
                                                      of TLX & results
              Tool ics,
                                                Japan (in Japanese);
              evalu Teleo
                                                ese   also eval fuzzy
              ation ps,
                                                      scheme for avg
                    VR
                                                      subS (Sugeno)

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:469
posted:11/10/2011
language:English
pages:156