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					          KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI


National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES)
    Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4)




 Municipal Stormwater NPDES Permit MO-0130516
                Second Year Report
            May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007

                    Submitted by:
              Water Services Department
                  4800 E 63rd Street
               Kansas City, MO 64130
                 December 28, 2007
Our Streams, Our Prairie, Our Environment




                         Upper photo group: Once littered with
                         debris, Lake of the Woods is once again a
                         scenic picture, as a result of long-term
                         cleanup efforts by volunteers along the lake,
                         marsh and edges of Blue River in Swope
                         Park (The City supports Blue River
                         Rescue).
                         Lower photo group: Natural prairie
                         continues to expand and thrive (the City’s
                         Nature First Program)
                                 Photo courtesy of M. Jones
Kansas City, MO                                                          Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                               May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




                                  CERTIFICATION

Authority

As required in Part VI, Sections D and E, of Missouri State Operating Permit No. MO-
0130516,
        All reports required by the permit and other information requested by the
        Director shall be signed by:

        1. For a municipality, State, or other public agency: either a principal
        executive officer or ranking elected official.


Certification

I certify under penalty of law that this document and all attachments were prepared under
my direction or supervision in accordance with a system designed to assure that qualified
personnel properly gathered and evaluated the information submitted. Based on my
inquiry of the person or persons who manage the system, or those persons directly
responsible for gathering the information, the information submitted is, to the best of my
knowledge and belief, true, accurate, and complete. I am aware that there are significant
penalties for submitting false information, including the possibility of fines and
imprisonment for knowing violations.




______________________________________                                      ____________
Franklyn W. Pogge                                                           Date
Director
Water Services Department




Final                                          i                                   12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                    May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




                    WRITTEN NOTICE OF COMPLIANCE

        Part IV.B of the Missouri State Operating Permit MO-0130516 requires that the City of
Kansas City, Missouri provide written notice of compliance or non-compliance with the schedule
for permit implementation. The City has, so far, submitted two reports covering the periods of
September 3, 2004 – April 30, 2005 and May 1, 2005 – April 30, 2006, respectively, to Missouri
Department Natural Resources. In May 2006, the City received an audit on its permit
implementation from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). On October 20, 2006,
the City received the audit results from EPA stating, “The EPA has reviewed the findings of the
report and finds Kansas City to be in compliance with the applicable statutes, permits or
regulations. The EPA feels that no further action is necessary in response to the findings of the
report and will close this audit file.” Per the EPA findings, the City was in compliance with the
schedule for all milestones and deadlines as identified in the permit schedule (Permit Part IV.A).
        This current report covers the second full permit year May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007. It
documents the implementation status of the programs developed during the previous reporting
period and addresses the progress of programs that were required to be developed in this period.
As detailed in the report, the City is in compliance with the schedule for all interim milestones
and final deadlines as identified in the permit schedule (Permit Part IV.A).




Final                                           ii                                       12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                                         Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                                          May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



                                         TABLE OF CONTENTS

CERTIFICATION ............................................................................................................... i
WRITTEN NOTICE OF COMPLIANCE.......................................................................... ii
1.      INTRODUCTION.......................................................................................................1
2.      CONTACT LIST.........................................................................................................2
3.      OVERVIEW OF STORMWATER MANAGEMENT...............................................3
4.      STORMWATER MANAGEMENT PROGRAM COMPONENTS ........................11
 4.1          Address Post-Construction Discharge from Areas of New Development and
              Significant Redevelopment............................................................................... 11
 4.2          Control Discharge from Roadways................................................................... 20
 4.3          Assess Impact of Flood Control Projects on Water Quality Conditions .......... 26
 4.4          Control Pollutants in Runoff from Municipal Waste Management Facilities .. 32
 4.5          Monitor and Control Pollutants from Industrial and High-Risk Runoff........... 33
 4.6          Reduce the Discharge of Pesticides, Herbicides, and Fertilizers...................... 37
 4.7          Reduce Illicit Discharges, Spills, and Improper Disposal ................................ 42
 4.8          Reduce Pollutants in Construction Site Runoff ................................................ 53
5.      STORMWATER PUBLIC EDUCATION AND AWARENESS PROGRAM .......57
6.      WATERSHED MONITORING PROGRAM...........................................................64
7.      OTHER PERMIT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS...............................................83
 7.1          Summary of Implementation Status.................................................................. 83
 7.2          Proposed Changes............................................................................................. 83
 7.3          Program Effectiveness Evaluation Regarding Water Quality Improvement .... 83
 7.4          Data Summary .................................................................................................. 88
 7.5          Annual Expenditures......................................................................................... 88
 7.6          Activity Summaries – Inspection, Enforcement, and Public Education........... 90
 7.7          Water Quality Degradation / Improvements..................................................... 90
8.      FUTURE IMPLEMENTATION...............................................................................92
LIST OF ATTACHMENTS ..............................................................................................93




Final                                                         iii                                                   12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                                        Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                                          May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



 A- 1     2007 Kansas City, Missouri Inventory of Industrial and Other High-Risk
          Runoff Facilities ............................................................................................... 93
 A- 2     Kansas City, Missouri Monitoring Acton Plan for High-Risk-Runoff Facility
          Program............................................................................................................. 93
 A- 3     Kansas City, Missouri Stormwater Discharge Control Regulations................. 93
 A- 4     Kansas City, Missouri Public Education/Information Material – Reduce, Reuse,
          Recycle; Waterlines .......................................................................................... 93
 A- 5     10,000 Rain Gardens Education Brochures ...................................................... 93




Final                                                        iv                                                     12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                                              Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                                              May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



                                              LIST OF TABLES

Table 1.    Watershed master plans completed/under review/in draft form ..................... 12
Table 2.    Summary of tasks associated with addressing post-construction discharge
            from new development and significant........................................................... 15
Table 3.    Technical and project support for water quality consideration in development
            planning and implementation processes ......................................................... 16
Table 4.    Street sweeping data for FY 06/07 ................................................................. 21
Table 5.    Flood control project tasks.............................................................................. 26
Table 6.    Summary of industrial and high-risk runoff facility program ........................ 34
Table 7.    Outfall Reconnaissance Inventory Results for Five Priority Watersheds........ 44
Table 8.    Performance measures on recent achievements by comprehensive waste
            management and Keep Kansas City Beautiful ................................................ 46
Table 9.    Sanitary sewers maintenance performance for FY 06/07 ............................... 50
Table 10.    A summary of other City employee training on erosion and sediment control
            ......................................................................................................................... 55
Table 11.    Stormwater discharge monitoring outfalls..................................................... 65
Table 12.    Summary of sampled storm event characteristics.......................................... 66
Table 13.    Summary of stormwater discharge characterization by land use category –
            conventional, inorganic, and bacterial parameters.......................................... 70
Table 14.    Summary of stormwater discharge characterization by land use category –
            selected pesticides and semi-volatile organic compounds.............................. 72
Table 15. Estimated pollutant loadings by land use category – conventional, inorganic,
            and bacterial parameters ................................................................................. 75
Table 16. Estimated pollutant loadings by land use category – selected pesticides and
            semi-volatile organic compounds ................................................................... 77
Table 17.    Overall budget for programs/activities supporting stormwater management
            effort in FY 06/07 and projection for FY 07/08 ............................................. 89
Table 18.    Activity summary – inspection, enforcement, and public education............. 91




Final                                                           v                                                          12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                                               Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                                               May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



                                              LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1.      Line Creek Valley Development plan: integrate natural conservation area
             into urban landscape ....................................................................................... 14
Figure 2.      Monthly record of storm sewer structure maintenance for FY 2006/07 ...... 23
Figure 3.      Record of requests on catch basin/inlets through catch basin hotline .......... 24
Figure 4.     Turkey Creek riffle pool................................................................................ 27
Figure 5.     Troost at Brush Creek Improvement ............................................................. 28
Figure 6.     2007 Great America Cleanup activities......................................................... 47
Figure 7.     Material by type received at the Household Hazardous Waste Facility in 2006
             ......................................................................................................................... 47
Figure 8.     Distribution of material managed by Household Hazardous Waste Facility in
             2006................................................................................................................. 48
Figure 9.      Neighborhood cleanup events ...................................................................... 48
Figure 10.     Public education activities during the Missouri River Watershed Event ..... 58
Figure 11.     Blue River Rescue 2007 ............................................................................... 59
Figure 12.     The 10,000 Rain Gardens Initiative in Action – Planting Experience......... 60
Figure 13.     The 10,000 Rain Gardens Initiative in Words – Educational Brochures..... 61
Figure 14.     Distribution of sampled storm events........................................................... 67
Figure 15.     Isco 6712 FR samplers used for stormwater runoff monitoring................... 68
Figure 16.     Biological sampling in April, 2007 .............................................................. 81
Figure 17.     2000 – 2007 Keep Kansas City Beautiful Program record .......................... 85
Figure 18.     1997 – 2007 Regional Household Hazardous Waste Collection Program –86
Figure 19.     1999-2007 Machine Sweeping Program record........................................... 86
Figure 20.     2004-2007 KC Recycle program record ....................................................... 87
Figure 21.     2002-2007 Litter Index record...................................................................... 87
Figure 22.     A comparison of City-wide Litter Index between Yr. 2003 and Yr. 2007... 88




Final                                                            vi                                                         12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                 Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                     May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




                                    1. INTRODUCTION

        This report is submitted by the City of Kansas City, Missouri (hereafter referred to as the
City) pursuant to the conditions of the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
(NPDES) Missouri State Operating Permit No. MO-0130516 for discharges from its municipal
separate storm sewer system. The permit was issued on September 3, 2004. The City filed its 1st
Year Report, covering permit implementation activities conducted between May 1, 2005 and
April 30, 2006, to Missouri Department of Natural Resources in December 2006. This report
provides an update on the accomplishments of stormwater programs between May 1, 2006 and
April 30, 2007.
        The Stormwater Utility Division of the Water Services Department (WSD) coordinated
the preparation and compilation of relevant information into the Annual Report. Contributing
municipal departments included City Planning and Development, Fire, Neighborhood and
Community Services, Parks and Recreation, Public Works, and Water Services, along with the
Office of Environmental Quality.
        This report consists of seven sections:
    1. Overview: This section provides an overview of permit implementation highlighting
        significant stormwater management efforts.
    2. Stormwater Management Program Components: Elements of the City’s stormwater
        management program are summarized in this section. Measurable goals, objectives,
        program development, implementation status, and major achievements are discussed
        here.
    3. Public Education Program: Public education is required in multiple stormwater
        management programs in the City’s MS4 permit. This section discusses education
        activities, currently conducted or planned pursuant to Permit requirements.
    4. Watershed Monitoring Program: Monitoring water quality is a critical component in
        evaluating the effectiveness of the MS4 permit implementation. This section presents a
        summary of on-going monitoring efforts performed in accordance with the Permit.
    5. Other Permit Reporting Requirements: The City’s MS4 Permit requires mandatory
        reporting elements that allow for the evaluation of Permit implementation but are not
        specifically included in any of the previous sections. These elements include proposed
        changes to permit conditions, enforcement actions, identification of water quality
        improvement or degradation, and a fiscal analysis.
    6. Future Implementation: This section discusses the future direction of stormwater
        management in the City.
    7. Attachments: This section includes detailed supporting documents that have been
        developed in compliance with the permit requirements and/or that are not required by the
        permit but show the City’s effort on stormwater pollution prevention and mitigation.




Final                                            1                                       11/29/07
Kansas City, MO                                                          Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                               May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




                                   2. CONTACT LIST


Name and Title                                  Telephone                   E-mail

Franklyn W. Pogge, P.E.                         (816) 513-0271     Frank_Pogge@kcmo.org
Director, Water Services Department


James W. Mellem, P.E.                           (816) 513-0368      Jim_Mellem@kcmo.org
Assistant Director, Water Services Department


Richard Gaskin, P.E.                            (816) 513-0352   Richard_Gaskin@kcmo.org
Manager, Stormwater Utility Division
Water Services Department

Jing Tao, Ph.D.                                 (816) 513-0371        Jing_Tao@kcmo.org
Environmental Officer, Stormwater Utility Division
Water Services Department




Final                                           2                                  12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                             Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                                  May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




               3. OVERVIEW OF STORMWATER MANAGEMENT

       During the past fiscal year, the City has made a number of achievements in supporting
stormwater management practices. These include:

1. 10,000 Rain Gardens Initiatives
        Since 2005, the 10,000 Rain Gardens Initiative, led by Kansas City, MO Water Services
Department, with the assistance from Black & Veatch Inc. and ASTRA Enterprises, has called
upon the creativity of citizens, corporations, educators, and non-profit organizations to join with
government to voluntarily reduce the amount of runoff that impacts our waterways. The 10,000
Rain Gardens Team has successfully communicated the key messages of the Kansas City,
Missouri Wet Weather Solutions Program to target audiences using a variety of tactics, including
workshop presentation, e-newsletters, web site content and media outreach. In the case of the
workshops, 10,000 Rain Gardens provided the curriculum, the presenters and trainers, as well as
the Wet Weather Solutions DVD.




                http://WWW.RAINKC.COM
                The U.S. Conference of Mayors awarded Kansas City a City Livability Award,
                 with an Honorable Mention for 10,000 Rain Gardens.
                SustainLane ranked Kansas City as #18 in its list of sustainable cities, in part due
                 to the 10,000 Rain Gardens initiative (we were #1 in drinking water quality).




        Using this approach across the metropolitan Kansas City area allows people to participate
in wet weather solutions that work in their own back yards, churches, work places, etc (Fig. 1).
From May 1, 2006 through April 30, 2007, the City conducted a series of both professional
training and public outreach activities on stormwater Best Management Practices (BMPs). See
Section 5. Stormwater Public Education and Awareness Program for more details.

EXCERPT: “Booming urban growth, and the concrete that comes with it, has
pushed storm drainage to its limits. Most cities channel rain overflow to holding
ponds via drains and culverts, which then empty into fresh-water supplies. These
manmade systems are designed to move water quickly, but several factors
make all this drainage a problem. In Kansas City, where violent storms
and flash floods are the norm, city organizers recently launched the
10,000 Rain Gardens project to address storm-drainage issues.”
Natural Home and Garden article on 10,000 Rain Gardens
http://www.naturalhomeandgarden.com/




Final                                                      3                                           12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                          Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                            May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




                      EXCERPT: “House & Garden peers into the most ambitious horticultural project in the
                      United States: Kansas City, Missouri's 10,000 Rain Gardens Initiative, a commitment by
                      the city government and local residents to make 10,000 gardens designed to trap and
                      cleanse storm water runoff before it enters the municipal sewer system.” House &
                      Garden article on 10,000 Rain Gardens. Initiative praised as an innovative way to
                      address runoff pollution.

                      http://www.rainkc.com/PDF/house%20and%20garden%20article.pdf




2. KC-One, City-Wide Comprehensive Storm Water Management Plan
        The WSD, with technical support from Black & Veatch Inc., has continued to make
progress on the KC-ONE project in this reporting year. Items of note include:
        The draft recommendations on policies and regulations for City-wide stormwater
    management have been refined and are under review: Eleven general policy areas have been
    identified which include Stormwater Funding Sources; System Development Charges;
    Solving Flooding Problems and Level of Service; Water Quality, Stream Corridor Protection
    and Enhancement; Individual, Neighborhood, Watershed, and Regional Scale; New
    Development, Redevelopment, and Existing Development; “Green” Multi-Purpose
    Approaches; Service Area; Compliance Issues; and Maintaining the Existing System. These
    policy areas were identified through an extensive stakeholder involvement process and
    broken into economic, environmental, and cultural categories of the City-wide
    comprehensive stormwater management program, and have been prioritized into short-,
    medium-, and long-term implementation schedules.
        Five additional watershed master plans have been completed, four additional plans are
    near completion, and 28 green filter (stream buffer) maps have been drafted.
        The project emphasizes public education and outreach. See Section 4.1.
        The KC-ONE project has been a driving force for a number of accomplishments and on-
    going projects related to stormwater management, which include the adoption of the new
    APWA storm drainage system standards and Best Management Practices (BMPs) manual as
    the City’s design criteria, updating the Zoning Ordinance with the requirement for Stream
    Corridor Protection and Enhancement, promoting 10,000 Rain Gardens Program, preparing
    watershed master plans, and seeking water quality and green solution improvements for
    various on-going city projects.

3. Ordinances Supporting Stormwater Management: Adopted, Amended, or in Draft Form
- Stormwater Discharge Control Regulations: effective since April 2007. These regulations
furnish the City with the legal authority to perform stormwater inspection and monitoring at
industrial and commercial facilities, conduct investigation of illicit discharges, and carry out
enforcement procedures against those illicit dischargers if necessary. See web link at:




Final                                               4                                               12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                    May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



http://cityclerk.kcmo.org/liveweb/Documents/Document.aspx?q=AywGfD7V8lo7iplxJz%2bqBd
wMoYHAke7IIwMnewcdEZBxK89epJd6qT5%2fwUxK9GsW

- APWA Standards (2100 – Grading and Site Preparation, 5100 – Erosion and Sediment
Control, 5600 – Storm Drainage Systems and Facilities, and the Best Management Practices
(BMPs) for Stormwater Quality Guidance Manual): effective in October 2006 and implemented
as the City’s official design criteria. See web link at:
http://www.kcmo.org/pubworks.nsf/web/PWEproposedstandards?opendocument

- Development Ordinance: in the process of being drafted. It will replace the existing zoning and
subdivision regulation. The new ordinance will promote preservation of open space and
resources, and development with nature in mind. It will also contain a new Stream Setback
requirement, which will help reduce future liabilities by protecting new development and
infrastructure from flood damage, while preserving natural resources that provide multiple
benefits. See web link for update at:
http://www.kcmo.org/planning.nsf/devmgt/ZonOrdRevisProces?opendocument

- Conveyance of Easement for BMP’s: drafted; The Conveyance allows the City to take
enforcement action on developers and property owners to ensure BMPs are properly maintained
by the responsible party. See web link for update at:
http://www.kcmo.org/codes.nsf/web/LDDeasements?opendocument

- Stormwater Detention & BMP Covenant for Maintenance: revised; The Convenant has the
same function as the Conveyance of Easement for BMP’s. See web link for update at:
http://www.kcmo.org/codes.nsf/web/LDDstandardagreements?opendocument

4. The City’s First Regional Detention Basin in Final Design Phase
         The design phase of the City’s first regional detention basin has progressed swiftly. The
35-acre basin is to be installed in the East Fork Creek sub-basin of the Line Creek watershed, and
will serve a drainage area of more than 2,000 acres. Construction work will start in the fall of
2008. The Planning and Development Department has been the driving force for this effort
coordinating private developers for plan design, project funding, and future maintenance. This
project shows the City’s determination to incorporate stormwater pollution prevention into
strategic sustainable community development.

5. Line Creek Valley Development Plan
        The Line Creek Valley Development planning area is approximately 2,840 acres.
Planning associated with this effort involved a broad range of stakeholders from developers,
residents, and business owners to City staff and public officials. The draft plan was finished in
February 2007. Distinct features pertinent to stormwater management in the plan include:
        Promoting environmental stewardship as one of its guiding principles to frame and
    implement the plan;



Final                                           5                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                  Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                       May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



        Providing flood control mitigation and stormwater management strategies and guidelines
    to maintain high quality stream courses while promoting multiple economic, social, and
    environmental benefits;
        Requiring that future development in the planning area retain the site’s natural
    characteristics and visual character including topography, woodlands, streams, and riparian
    corridors. Environmentally sensitive areas will be protected by establishing no-build
    conservation areas with permanent public or private parks and common open space; and
        Requiring that activities in the buffer zone be limited to vegetation management and
    stream bank stabilization, where required. These areas consist of native vegetation and may
    also be used for parklands, trails, and storm water facilities.

         The Plan will serve as a prototype and the development will become a milestone project
for future development in the City that stresses “creating quality places”.

6. Stream Restoration – North Stoddard to N.W. Milrey Drive
        This project originated from multiple residential requests to the City to address
streambank erosion and yard flooding at the said location in late 1980s through the 1990s. In
2001, the City’s contracting engineering company, Larkin Group Inc., recommended a bio-
engineering approach, which also complied with the direction and requirements provided by the
Corps of Engineers and Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Later, the company teaming
with Terra Technologies Inc. co-designed one-half of a mile of channel improvements extending
from Belvidere Parkway on the south to 80th Street on the north. The first phase of construction
work was completed in May 2007.
        Salient features of this project include incorporating a stream conservation concept into
the design plan, and educating the homeowners on green solutions. The project reshaped stream
banks, and utilized self-sustaining native riparian plants to enhance the banks, and geotextile
products and hard armoring at points of highest stream impact. Grade control riffles were
constructed to maintain a natural riffle-pool sequence in the stream and prevent the degradation of
the channel bottom. The design also included a buffer zone of riparian plants as a transition from
the stream to the backyards. This buffer provides filtration of runoff from backyards before
stormwater enters the creek. Information on green space and stream conservation was sent to the
surrounding homeowners.
        The success of this project has strengthened the City’s determination to move forward
from relying solely on grey concrete work toward the direction of incorporating nature
conservation elements into construction projects.

7. Nature First Program
         The Parks and Recreation Department continues to actively pursue natural landscape
preservation in parks, other public recreational areas and community centers, and rights-of-way.
By promoting and utilizing Missouri’s native plants, the program helps to reduce maintenance, to
curb pollution from chemical use, to prevent erosion, and ultimately to provide diverse and
sustainable habitats for native flora and fauna. It also educates citizens and businesses about the
possibilities and benefits of native plantings as alternate landscape materials. During the reporting


Final                                             6                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                               Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                    May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



period, the department eliminated 19 acres of turf at several parks and will replace them with
native plantings. Additionally, the native natural prairie remnant at Jerry Smith Farm Park was
expanded by 10 acres.

8. Neighborhood Cleanup Assistance Program
        The Neighborhood Cleanup Assistance Program is an organized effort by the Outreach
and Community Development Branch of the Solid Waste Division in the Public Works
Department. This program has assisted citizens with coordination and effective cleanup of
neighborhoods. It continues to develop creative methods of getting trash, tires, and hazardous
wastes, to a place of collection that is both legal, environmentally and physically safe. The
program successfully partners with concerned citizens, neighborhood organizations, volunteer
groups, businesses, and City service departments to achieve the goal of establishing and
maintaining clean, environmentally safe, and aesthetically pleasing neighborhoods. The program
has become recognized as the hub for information, volunteer contacts, and service offerings for
the cleanup of neighborhoods.

9. Sustainability
                                        Following the adoption of a resolution directing the City
                                Administration to develop a climate protection plan for Kansas
                                City, the Office of Environmental Quality (OEQ) worked with
                                the Climate Protection Plan Steering Committee consisting of
                                community leaders appointed by Mayor Kay Barnes. Based upon
                                recommendations from four Work Groups (Energy,
                                Transportation, Carbon Offsets & Waste Management, and
                                Policy & Outreach) that included broad stakeholder
                                representation (business, government, non-profits, environmental
                                groups, neighborhoods) the Steering Committee adopted 32
                                greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction measures and a goal to achieve
                                a 30% reduction below baseline year 2000 GHG emissions from
                                City government operations by 2020. The Steering Committee
                                also committed to developing an ambitious community-wide
goal for GHG emissions. A number of measures that were recommended out of this effort also
impact stormwater quality. These include: the use of alternative fuels (see item 10, below),
expanding the use of native landscaping, promotion of green roofs, and the construction of rain
gardens. These recommendations were approved by Mayor Barnes and the City Council on April
12, 2006. OEQ will work with all City departments to implement Phase 1 of the GHG reduction
measures while the City completes the development of the climate protection plan with the
Steering Committee and Work Groups.
         In October 2006 the City announced the "Million Lights Campaign" -- an initiative
implemented by OEQ to convert one million incandescent light bulbs to compact fluorescent
lights (CFLs) to save money and reduce GHG emissions. CFLs use a quarter of the electricity of
incandescent light bulbs to produce the same amount of light, last ten times longer, reduce GHG



Final                                           7                                       12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                   Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                       May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



emissions (approximately 935 lbs. of GHG/100W replacement), and save money (approximately
$41/100W replacement). As a part of the Million Lights Campaign 21,000 CFLs were contributed
by Wal-Mart and 2,000 CFLs were contributed by Burns & McDonnell for distribution to low-
income and senior citizen households by the City -- OEQ worked with the home weatherization
program of the Neighborhood & Community Services Department and other neighborhood
organizations to distribute the donated CFLs. In addition to the donated CFLs, between January 1
and April 30, 2007 more than 400,000 CFLs had been purchased in the Kansas City metro area.
The campaign to reach one million CFLs will continue throughout 2007.
        In early 2006, OEQ began a project with BNIM Architects to assist in developing the
tools and training for City staff to implement the City's ordinance requiring new construction by
the City to meet the U.S. Green Building Council's LEED (Leadership in Energy and
Environmental Design) Silver standard. This rating is achieved through measures to reduce
consumption of energy and water, improve indoor air quality and use of natural lighting, and
reduce waste generated during construction and operation of new buildings. LEED certification
also addresses stormwater management through the requirement to limit the amount of pollutants
leaving a site and minimizing the disruption of natural water flows by managing the rate and
quantity of runoff. A project must also address onsite treatment through infiltration such as roof-
top gardens, pervious pavement, or bioswales.
        OEQ worked with the Environmental Coordinating Managers from City departments to
develop a set of Environmental Improvement Goals for the City's fiscal year 2008 and to
implement Ozone Action Plans by City departments to reduce activities that contribute to the
formation of ground-level ozone on Ozone Alert Days.

10. City Recognized for Use of Alternative Fuel - Fleet Ranks Third in the Country
        The City encourages best environmental practices across the board – some of these
environmental practices also may improve stormwater quality. Sam Swearngin, manager of the
Fleet Maintenance, General Services Department, was the recipient of the Alternative Fuel
Vehicle Institute’s Oxygen Award 2007. This award applauds and encourages individuals who
have made a dedicated effort to incorporate a range of vehicle fueling and technology strategies
that will improve and protect air quality. Sam has been leading the charge for many years to
increase the use of alternative fuels in the City’s diverse fleet. It is estimated that the City fleet
will replace close to 1 million gallons of petroleum based fuels with alternatives in 2007. The
City is ranked No. 3 in SustainLane’s top 10 list of city government fleets that use alternative
fuel. The replacement of petroleum-based fuels not only improves air quality, but it also can
improve stormwater quality. Auto exhaust is a prime contributor to pollutants, including heavy
metals, in highway runoff. The use of alternative technologies, such as gas/electric hybrids can
result in significantly higher fuel economies with less exhaust. Alternative fuels, such as
biodeisels, contain very low concentrations of heavy metals, which may also improve highway
runoff water quality.


11. Leading in Sponsoring Regional Water Quality Public Education Program – Clean
Water, Healthy Life



Final                                             8                                         12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                    May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



         The City has been a leading stakeholder in the regional
watershed public education program led by the Mid-American Regional
Council. The program implements a comprehensive approach to raising
public awareness about watershed issues and water quality in order to
change household behaviors that impact water quality in the Kansas City
region. The program utilized a multitude of communication venues to reach residents,
commercial businesses, nonprofit organizations, local municipalities, and state and federal
agencies. The past year’s public education and outreach focused on the following areas: soil
testing, native plants, pet waste, storm drain stewardship, translation of water-quality education
brochures, and locating the watershed in which you live. See Section 5. Stormwater Public
Education and Awareness Program for more details.

12. The Stormwater Coordinating Committee (SWCC)
          The Committee continues to facilitate and oversee the coordination of stormwater
management functions for the City. During the reporting period, the committee held eight
meetings. The SWCC consists of Directors or their designees of seven City departments, which
share responsibility for stormwater management, by (1) reviewing major planning and major
development projects; (2) making recommendations for changes regarding stormwater policy; (3)
providing assistance to the Water Services Department – Stormwater Utility as requested; (4)
developing appropriate stormwater design standards, regulations, zoning and enforcement
criteria; and (5) fulfilling other responsibilities as assigned by the City Manager.

13. Wet Weather Solution Program
         The program continues to take action to manage the City’s water resources in a
sustainable way. The program coordinates three wet-weather-related programs – Kansas City
Overflow Control, Stormwater Management, and Waterways, and fosters extensive public
education and public involvement. During the reporting period, the program has:
         Expanded its membership from the original group of community panel members, City
    staff, technical consultants, officials from other local/regional government agencies,
    interested citizens, and business interests; to developers, major property owners, major rate-
    payers, recreation interests, and other stakeholders;
         Shifted its focus from the educational phase to an input and deliberation phase;
         Established evaluation criteria for basin plans;
         Established the Green Solutions Subcommittee; and
         Endorsed the Stormwater Policies created by the KC-ONE Program.
         See Section 5. Stormwater Public Education and Awareness Program for more details.

14. “On Tap” KCCG Channel 2 TV show
        The Marketing and Public Relations group at Water Services Department and City
Communications have developed a series of videos with one simple and single goal: to educate
residents about how they can be better water stewards. During the reporting period, four shows
were produced that address the following topics: Rain Barrels/Hazardous Waste, Toilet


Final                                           9                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                               Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                    May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Leaks/NPS Pollution, Leaves/Weatherization, and Rain Gardens/Watershed Fest. Each show was
aired through the City’s government channel (KCCG-TV2) to cable subscribers on line or those
in the City twice a day for six weeks. The archived videos can be accessed from:
http://kansascity.granicus.com/ViewPublisher.php?view_id=19

15. MS4 Program Audit by Environmental Protection Agency
        The City received an audit by the U.S. Environment Protection Agency on the MS4
Permit implementation in May 2006. In October 2006, the City was informed of the audit results
and was provided a thorough evaluation report of the stormwater program activities. While noting
the City’s significant progress in developing and implementing its stormwater programs, the audit
report does insightfully elaborate on areas where the City could improve or enhance its
stormwater program activities. The City has since been using these recommendations as the
guidelines in its strategy for program development and implementation.

        The subsequent sections of this report will review in detail the City’s implementation of
each individual program during the past fiscal year (May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007) as specified
by the MS4 permit.




Final                                          10                                       12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                 Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                     May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




    4. STORMWATER MANAGEMENT PROGRAM COMPONENTS

4.1 Address Post-Construction Discharge from Areas of New Development and
    Significant Redevelopment

        The City is managing stormwater including understanding its impact, protecting
resources, and incorporating water quality issues into development and redevelopment planning
and management. The City continues to educate its staff across City departments, as well as
across different work duties (e.g., field operation and maintenance crew, field construction
inspectors, development planners, policy makers) on the latest stormwater management science
and technology information. Extensive communication also involves consultants, various
stakeholders including developers, and the general public. Additionally, the City actively seeks
opportunities to improve water quality and protect natural resources, evaluating new development
and redevelopment plans, and progressively taking actions on protecting stormwater quality.


Program Objectives

        The program objectives for this reporting year are:
        To reduce the discharge of pollutants to the MS4 from areas of new development and
    significant redevelopment after construction is completed,
        To encourage sustainable development through environment-friendly planning and
    design and effective operation and maintenance of BMPs,
        To assure effective operation and maintenance of BMPs.
        To fulfill these objectives, multiple tasks have been established, and the City is tracking
their completion.


Discussion

1. Including water quality considerations for areas                       Permit Ref. III.A-1a.
   of new development and significant redevelopment                       Status: Ongoing

- Updating the zoning regulation to incorporate water quality protection: The City Planning and
Development Department is revising its zoning and subdivision regulation. The new
Development Ordinance promotes preservation of open space and resources and conservation
development by:
        Establishing resource conservation as a high priority;
        Weaving a conservation theme throughout the code;
        Using regulations and incentives to direct development away from critical areas;
        Removing regulatory obstacles to green design.
    A noteworthy new article in the revised ordinance is the Stream Setback ordinance. It is
intended to protect public safety and public infrastructure investments while mitigating the



Final                                           11                                       12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                 Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                     May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



adverse environmental impacts that development can have on streams and associated natural
resource areas.

- The Comprehensive Stormwater Master Plan, KC-ONE: The City, with technical assistance
from Black & Veatch Inc. is working on Phase 2 of the City-wide Comprehensive Stormwater
Master Plan, KC-ONE. The elements of this effort include:
         Continuing to use stormwater master plans as tools for stormwater-related infrastructure
    projects: The overall goal of this phase is to bring individual watershed master plans,
    reflecting diverse opinions and procedures, into one coherent, consistent product that defines
    priorities City-wide. Five additional watershed master plans have been completed (see Table
    1). The watershed master plans have become a critical tool to City departments addressing
    planning, designing, construction, operation and maintenance for flooding and erosion
    controls, stormwater nonpoint source pollution reduction, protection and enhancement of
    existing water quality, identification of environmental benefits in a watershed, identification
    of operational and maintenance needs, and the development of a long-term financing plan to
    construct capital projects to improve watershed management.

Table 1.      Watershed master plans completed/under review/in draft form
Watershed                 Final Reporting Date   Water Quality   BMPs                Stormwater
                                                 Modeling        Recommendation      Quality
                                                                                     Monitoring
Little Blue River         Feb. 2007                    +                 +
Searcy Creek              Nov. 2006                    +                 +                 +
Rocky Branch              Nov. 2006                    +                 +
First Creek               Nov. 2006                    +                 +
Fishing River             Nov. 2006                    +                 +
Buckeye Creek             Near completion              +                 +                 +
Rock Creek                Near completion              +                 +                 +
Randolph Creek            Near completion              +                 +                 +
Birmingham Creek          Near completion              +                 +
Lower Shoal Creek         Near completion              +                 +
Blue River                Draft under review           +                 +
Brush Creek (South)       In draft                     +                 +


        Continuing to incorporate Stream Asset Inventory results into the planning processes: As
    part of the KC-ONE integrative process, Stream Asset Inventory data has been incorporated
    into the watershed plans. The products from this project are becoming a practical tool for the
    City to incorporate preservation, protection, and enhancement of stream resources into its
    development planning processes for better stormwater management, flood prevention, and
    healthier communities (see Table 2 and Table 3 for accomplishments). Hundreds of stream
    reaches were field assessed. In addition, a stormwater "green filter" analysis has been



Final                                            12                                      12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                              Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                   May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



   conducted on 28 watersheds. Over 1600 improvement locations were screened for the
   potential to replace a "gray" stormwater improvement with a "green" one. The purpose of
   the green filter analysis is to determine suitable locations for implementation of natural or
   green BMPs that can be used to reduce and/or eliminate some of the major capital
   improvement projects previously recommended through individual stormwater studies. A
   BMP Locator process was created to automatically identify areas suitable for different types
   of stormwater BMPs, based on topography, impervious cover, land use, and available open
   space. Stormwater BMP locations were identified for all the 35 watersheds in the City.
   Additionally, GIS maps and databases have been created for stream buffers, green filters,
   stream quality, and locations of recommended improvements. The final products will be
   individual watershed GIS maps showing buffer zones to be protected along the stream course.
   These maps will be used by City staff and also provided to various stakeholders including
   developers to guide future development. See Figure 1 for an example.
       Continuing to refine the recommendations on policies and regulations for City-wide
   stormwater management: Through an extensive stakeholder involvement process, 11 general
   policy areas have been identified which include Stormwater Funding Source; System
   Development Charges; Solving Flooding Problems and Level of Service; Water Quality;
   Stream Corridor Protection and Enhancement; Individual, Neighborhood, Watershed, and
   Regional Scale; New Development, Redevelopment, and Existing Development; “Green”
   Multi-Purpose Approaches; Service Area; Compliance Issues; and Maintain the Existing
   System. These policy areas were broken into economic, environmental, and cultural
   categories of the City’s comprehensive stormwater management program, and have been
   prioritized into short-, medium-, and long-term implementation schedules.
       Continuing to emphasize public education and outreach: The project team actively
   participated in various public meetings (e.g., Wet Weather Community Panel meetings, Basin
   Coordinating Committee Meetings) to inform the general public of stormwater management,
   policies, green filters, stream buffers, and recommended improvements in different
   watersheds. Outreach was also extended to professionals and municipal staff. For example,
   the team met with various groups associated with the airport including development
   engineers/attorneys, the Kansas City Industrial Council, and the Aviation Department to
   inform them of the impacts of the Stream Setback ordinance and to obtain their input.




Final                                         13                                       12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                        Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                             May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




Figure 1.  Line Creek Valley Development plan: integrate natural conservation area into
urban landscape




Final                                      14                                    12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                         Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                             May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Table 2.     Summary of tasks associated with addressing post-construction discharge from new development and significant
             re-development
Permit              Task                              Sub-task                          Activities                         Output
 Ref.
1a.        Incorporate water            (1) Revise zoning and subdivision      • Stream reaches assessed in    • Draft development code,
           quality considerations       regulation                               the field in 28 watersheds;     Stream Setback Ordinance,
           for areas of new                                                    • >1600 improvement               and Stream Buffer Map
           development and              (2) Continue KC-ONE Project,             locations were screened for   • Draft recommendations for
           redevelopment: (1) in        which has integrated Stream Asset        the potential to replace a      stormwater management
           land use planning,           Inventories project and Watershed        "gray" stormwater               policies and regulation plans
           subdivision approval,        Master Planning Program (Table 3)        improvement with a            • 5 watersheds master plans
           and site plan review                                                  "green" one                   • Stream buffer maps
           and approval; and (2) in
                                                                               • 5 public meetings on the        generated for 28 watersheds;
           project review and
                                        (3) Adopt the update American            drafted Zoning Regulation
           approval for new
                                        Public Works Association (APWA)          for 132 City staff,
           development and
           significant                  Section 5600 (Table 3)                   staff/officials from other     Officially adopted by the City
           redevelopment                (4) Adopt Manual of Best                 governmental agencies,        as the minimum design criteria
                                        Management Practices (BMPs) for          environmental groups,
                                        Stormwater Quality (Table 3)             developers, and general
           Improve procedures                                                    public                        • Submission of a stormwater
1a.i &                                  (1) Critically evaluate the existing   • 5 workshops on residential
ii         for incorporating water      permitting procedure                                                     drainage plan required
           quality concerns as                                                   rain gardens for 195            throughout the plat
           part of the permitting       (2) Modify it to address water           residents                       application process;
           process                      quality issues appropriately           • 21 presentations on rain      • Maintenance covenants for
                                                                                 gardens to over nearly          Detention and BMP
1a.ii.     Upgrade the site development review standards
                                                                                 3,000 individuals               structures
                                                                               • 1 workshop on new
1a.ii.     Internal and external education on review standards and process       APWA standards for 92         NA
                                                                                 City employees


1a.iii.    Set up minimum design criteria for structural BMPs                                                  Officially adopted BMP Manual
                                                                                                               for Stormwater Quality
1b.        Inspect and maintain       (1) I/M public detention BMPs            • 7 Inspections                 NA
           (I/M) post-
           construction BMPs          (2) I/M private detention BMPs

Final                                                  15                                         12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                       Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                          May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Table 3.     Technical and project support for water quality consideration in development planning and implementation processes
Supporting    Manuals/ Projects        Salient features                                                  Focus      Status        Current practice
functions
Policy        KC-ONE Project           - Develops a City-wide comprehensive stormwater                   Water      Ongoing       Being used across city
                                       management plan                                                   quantity                 departments, including
                                       - Investigates control of storm water through protection,         /quality                 use in the City’s land
                                       restoration, and maintenance of natural streams                                            use decision making
                                       - Minimizes impacts of development by implementing smart                                   and development
                                       growth principles, sustainable development, and BMPs                                       planning
                                       - Provides tools and strategies to incorporate protection,
Strategic                              enhancement, and management of stream resources into the
Resources                              City’s planning process

              The Stormwater Master    - Identifies stormwater-related water quality problems based      Water      Ongoing       The same as above
              Planning Program         on field observations and modeling results for each watershed     quantity
                                                                                                         /quality

              American Public Works    - Provides elevated design criteria and performance standards     Water      Approved &    Being implemented as
              Association (APWA)       for storm drainage systems                                        quantity   adopted       the official design
Technical     Section 5600 (Revised)   - Adds Section 5605 of Natural Streams which sets forth                                    criteria
Standards                              requirements for stream preservation and buffer zones

              Manual of Best           - Provides guidance for land development practices within the     Water      Approved &    Being implemented as
              Management Practices     region                                                            quality    adopted       the official minimum
              (BMPs) for Stormwater    - Includes performance-based goals and design criteria to                                  design criteria
              Quality                  facilitate “Level of Service Method” objectives

              Land Development         - Weave conservation development theme throughout the             Water      Ongoing       Being used to inform
              Ordinance                code;                                                             quantity                 and educate
Enforce-                               - Promotes natural resource preservation;                         /quality                 stakeholders
ment                                   - Contains a Stream Setback Ordinance;

              Covenant for Detention   - Ensure the maintenance responsibility of detention facilities   Water      Pending for   Being used for site
              Facility and /or BMP     and BMPs                                                          quantity   approval &    development
              Maintenance (Revised)                                                                      /quality   adoption




Final                                            16                                             12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                    May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



2. Procedures for addressing water quality issues                        Permit Ref.: III.A-1.a.i.
   as part of the permitting process                                     Status: Ongoing

        The following items and activities have been undertaken in this reporting period to
address water quality issues in the permitting process:
- Macro/micro Stormwater Drainage Study:
        A developer must submit a stormwater drainage study for a plat application, as required
    by the City Code Chapter 66, section 43 Preliminary plat and section 45 Review of final
    plat by City council;
         A macro/micro drainage study must be submitted for the entire development when the
    first plat is submitted; A detailed micro drainage study must be submitted for approval before
    the issuance of any building permits; and a macro storm drainage study for the entire
    development must be submitted with a micro storm drainage study for each phase during
    final platting.
         The Land Development Division in the City Planning and Development Department is
    responsible for reviewing stormwater plans. The City’s Plats Review Committee, consisting
    of staff from various departments including WSD, also provides comments during the review
    process.

- Stormwater Detention and BMP Covenant for Maintenance:
        The City has adopted three covenants applicable to stormwater BMP maintenance
    scenarios: Stormwater Detention Covenant for Maintenance, Stormwater Detention &
    BMP Covenant for Maintenance, and Conveyance of Easement for BMP’s. The latter two
    documents were developed and implemented during this reporting period.
        These documents are intended to require developers or property owners to take the
    responsibility for maintenance, repair, and restoration of detention or BMP structures.
        When a developer submits the first plat application, he/she is required to make a
    determination whether one or more of these documents should be included. Developers or
    property owners must sign any covenant agreement applicable to the individual application
    before any building permit can be issued or any platting can be finalized.
        Starting October 2006, all the covenant documents for new development and
    redevelopment are tracked in KIVA system.
        The Land Development Division in the Planning Department is responsible for the
    implementation procedures.

- Stream buffer plan: The zoning and subdivision regulations (currently in the revision process)
will require:
         A preliminary stream buffer plan be submitted for City review with preliminary plats and
    site plans; and
         A final buffer plan be provided with final plats and site plans.



3. A description of review standards and a description                   Permit Ref.: III.A-1.a.ii.
   of the site development review process for                            Status: Ongoing


Final                                          17                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                 Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                     May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



   internal and external educational purposes
- Adoption of new APWA standards: The City approved and adopted the new APWA standards
in July 2006. The standards have been deemed the official minimum design criteria and have
been implemented since October 2006.
         These APWA standards include: 2100 – Grading and Site Preparation, 5100 – Erosion
     and Sediment Control, 5600 – Storm Drainage Systems and Facilities, and the Best
     Management Practices (BMPs) for Stormwater Quality Guidance Manual.
         Compared to the previous standards, the latest contains: (1) elevated design criteria and
     performance standards for storm drainage systems (e.g., it requires the release rate from a
     detention facility after construction be no more than what existed predevelopment for the full
     range of storms); and (2) new requirements for the protection of natural streams as a
     conveyance for stormwater, and the establishment of buffer zones. Different approaches to
     stream preservation and different standards for buffer widths depending on basin size are also
     elaborated on further in the manual.
         Through the KC-ONE program, “The Evolving Stormwater Management Standards
     Workshop” was held to train the City staff on implementing these new standards. Additional
     internal education and training were also provided through the monthly meetings for both the
     Stormwater Committee and the KC-ONE program.

- Education/outreach on Revised Zoning Regulations
        The Planning Department held 5 public meetings on the draft Development Code.
        There were 132 attendees in total. Meeting attendees covered a variety of backgrounds
    including municipal, county, and other governmental agencies, non-profit organizations,
    environmental groups, developers, and the general public.
        The draft Development Code, Stream Setback Ordinance and Stream Buffer Maps were
    presented in these meetings.


4. Design criteria for structural BMPs                                    Permit Ref.: III.A-1.a.iii
                                                                          Status: Ongoing

- Adoption of new APWA standards – The Manual of Best Management Practices (BMPs) for
Stormwater Quality. The manual was co-developed by the Mid-America Regional Council
(MARC), the Kansas City Chapter of APWA, and local municipalities. The City uses it as
minimum design criteria for BMPs. The manual lists 12 types of structural BMPs and provides
information on design criteria and plan/profile views, along with selection, maintenance, and
advantages and limitations for each BMP. In addition, the manual offers more detailed guidance
for several widely used BMPs (e.g., bioretention basins, engineering swales).

5. Operation and maintenance of post-construction BMPs                    Permit Ref.: III.A-1.b.
                                                                          Status: Ongoing

- Regional BMPs: The City currently does not own or maintain any regional detention basins
(Long View Lake – the regional detention basin partially in the City was constructed and is



Final                                           18                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                  Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                      May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



maintained by Army Corps of Engineers). The City is designing its first regional detention basin
in the East Fork Creek sub-basin of the Line Creek watershed. The installation is slated to start in
the fall of 2008. The Planning and Development Department has the lead for coordinating
activities of private developers for plan design and project funding. A maintenance program for
regional detention basins is being established as part of the design process for the basin.

- Public BMPs: The WSD inspected the public detention basins at 8801 James A Reed Rd., 3913
N. Kensington Rd., 6013 N. Strathbury Rd., 300 Chestnut Trafficway, and 17th/Manchester
Trafficway. The first four basins were also cleaned as necessary. The basin at 1200 E Linwood
Rd. is owned and maintained by the City’s Board of Police. The Parks and Recreation
Department performed inspections of the basins in Kessler Park and Strathbury Park (the latter
was also inspected and maintained by WSD as mentioned above).

- Private BMPs:
        The Detention Basin Credit program: The WSD maintains the program to encourage the
    use of detention BMPs. The procedures provide a credit (up to 50%) on the stormwater
    impervious surface user fees for certified detention basins or ponds. The certified basins are
    also logged into the department’s geographic information system (GIS) database referencing
    stormwater structures.
        The 10,000 Rain Gardens Initiative: The program encourages people to participate
    in wet weather solutions that work in their own back yards, churches, work places, etc. The
    City, with the help from various non-profit organizations, provides educational brochures and
    hands-on training at different levels to residents and other public entities.
        BMP evaluation for development plans: The Land Development Division in the City
    Planning and Development Department, with the participation of staff from the Water
    Services Department, evaluates BMP designs in the new development and redevelopment
    plans. The maintenance responsibility is spelled out in each individual plan. The City retains
    the right to maintain and repair BMPs at developers’ or property owners’ expense if the
    private owner fails to do so.


Next Steps

- The KC-ONE program will continue to work on the “Green Filter” analysis for the remaining
watersheds. A tool kit including a Kansas City Natural Resources Map will be designed to guide
the new development and redevelopment to incorporate water quality considerations in land use
planning, site plan review and approval and subdivision approval.

- The City will continue to revise its Land Development Code, aiming to emphasize preservation
of natural resources and conservation development. A draft of the updated code is slated to be
ready for public review by the summer of 2007.

- The City will proceed with revising Covenants for Detention and BMP Maintenance and plans
to adopt them soon.



Final                                           19                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                   Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                       May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




4.2 Control Discharge from Roadways

          The City continues to operate and maintain deicing chemicals and material storage
facilities, fleet and equipment storage facilities, and publicly-owned traffic ways and storm sewer
infrastructure in a manner that coincides with the requirements set forth by the MS4 Permit.


Program Objectives

         The objective of this program is to continue the City’s efforts to operate and maintain
public roadways and storm sewer systems in a manner that reduces the pollutant input from the
MS4 into receiving waters. The current key targets include improving the efficiency of
stormwater structure maintenance and replacement, timely updating stormwater structure
information in the WSD’s GIS database, and further developing the mapping system to be more
user-friendly.


Discussion

1.      Store and cover deicing chemicals to minimize                      Permit Ref. III.A-2a.
        the discharge of deicing salts to the MS4                          Status: Ongoing

        The City Public Works Department has deicing chemical and material storage facilities at
each of its three districts and two outlying salt storage facilities. The facilities vary in size and
their capacities range from 6 to 12 thousand tons of materials. Rock salt is stored in dome
structures at four of the locations. The domes were constructed on asphalt slabs and consist of
wooden and concrete structural materials, capable of containing deicing chemicals during periods
of extended storage. The additional salt storage facility is a Cover-All building with ten-foot high
concrete walls constructed on an asphalt slab. Salt brine and calcium chloride are used as major
deicing agents for the public streets. They are stored in tanks.
        The Parks and Recreation Department stores approximately 200 tons of rock salt at its
own facility for emergency use. This is a covered bin facility built on a concrete slab.

2.   Effectively sweep public streets while considering                    Permit Ref. III.A.2b.
     water quality and watershed goals and objectives                      Status: Ongoing

- The City has made progress in strengthening programs that can help minimize inputs into
receiving waters of the MS4. This has included:
        Creating an addendum to the Sweeping Manual made in August 2006: “… they
    (improved streets, or those that have curb and gutters) are swept as often as the budget allows
    keeping sediment/debris from getting into the catch basins and discharging throughout the
    municipal storm sewer system. Following these guidelines will contribute to the improvement
    of water quality for area lakes and streams.”
        Addition to the Sensible Salting Policy made in August 2006:



Final                                            20                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                      Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                          May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



                  “The City’s current deicing/anti-icing practices emphasize providing safe driving
        conditions on municipal streets while also minimizing the potential for deicing/anti-icing
        materials to discharge into the storm sewer system. … We therefore, use the least amount
        of salt/chemical necessary for the road conditions to make the roads safe for motorists
        while understanding that it is less expensive to use less salt/chemicals and also has a
        lesser potential for excess materials to get into the storm sewer system. Following these
        guidelines will contribute to the improvement of water quality for area lakes and
        streams.”
                  Personnel training: educate operators on use of the least amount of salt
        necessary.
        Addition to Asphalt Manual: “(If we are able to mill down an inch or two and get solid
    base material we need to ensure the sides are squared up and the hole is swept free of loose
    gravel and debris.) All debris should then be properly disposed of to prevent any sediment
    that is left from being washed into the storm sewer system. … No hole should be primed
    unless the asphalt repair is to be completed the same day. This is to make sure that the prime
    can not be washed into to the storm sewer system. ….”
        New requirement in the contract condition: example language – “All activity associated
    with the project, including equipment cleaning and maintenance, shall be conducted in a
    workmanlike manner that prevents millings or other construction debris, sediment, asphalt
    emulsion, or any other material from entering the storm sewer.”

- Street sweeping program: The City’s Public Works Department maintains this program.
         Table 4 provides the performance measurements for the fiscal year of 2006/07. The
     program currently uses Elgin Eagles for road speed and the fact that the mechanical brooms
     perform better than the vacuums for collecting the type of dust typically found on local
     streets.



Table 4.      Street sweeping data for FY 06/07
Street system            No. of    Routes     Gutter     Estimated           Actual gutter miles
                         cycles                miles/   gutter miles
                                               cycle       Total          Total      Debris removed
                                                          (miles)          (miles)    (cubic yard)
Residential                   3        268      4,020         12,060       19,816a            29,494 a
Arterial /Boulevards          2         18        368            736
Downtown                     80          2         42          3,360        1,962b                  690
Total                       NA         288      4,430         16,156       21,778              30,184

a
 The number given is a sum gutter miles for both residential and arterial/boulevards.
b
 Number of actual gutter miles is approximately 60% of estimated because of streets closed due to
construction.
NA: Not applicable.




Final                                              21                                           12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                 Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                     May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



- Other trafficway/right-of-way maintenance: The City Parks & Recreation Department
continued to maintain its 212 parks, 40-miles of interior roads, hundreds of parking lots, 133-
miles of boulevards, parkways, and streets. Due to the isolation of much of the property in the
Park system, it is a prime target for illegal dumping activities. The Department:
         Continues to work with neighborhoods, law enforcement and other City Departments in
     addition to the City’s Illegal Dumping Task Force to raise the level of awareness of the issue
     and the magnitude of the problem;
         Continues to utilize the Green Book which is a pocket-sized list of the laws, regulations,
     ordinances and codes that impact misuse of park property. These are distributed to each
     Kansas City police officer and code inspector to assist them in identifying and enforcing
     these violations; and
         Continues to provide debris removal service as needed, and had contractors remove limbs
     in the public rights-of-way after storm events. During the reporting period, the department
     disposed of approximately 3300 tons of waste material removed from parks at a cost of
     almost $90,000.

        In addition to the regular maintenance of public streets and right-of-ways, the City
maintains the following programs to enhance roadway cleanness:
- SHAPE (Safe, Healthy, and Attractive Public Environments) Program: This is an intensive,
internal self-inspection program. It is modeled after a successful program used in New York
City’s Central Park to rapidly identify and clean up park maintenance issues including illegal
dumping. The intent of this program is to both make the park a more pleasant place for visitors
and to discourage illegal dumping and other acts of vandalism. The SHAPE program was
presented the 2007 Environmental Achievement Award from the KCMO Environmental
Management Commission for departmental achievements which made significant contributions to
the environmental quality of Kansas City.

- Adopt-a-Street program: The City continued this program to involve
residents in helping to keep streets clean. During the past fiscal year, 16
new volunteer organizations/groups joined the program and 70 more
blocks were adopted for a total of 161 active volunteer
organizations/groups throughout the City, and 570 blocks being adopted.

- The Leaf and Brush Program: During this reporting period,
approximately 55,000 ground cubic yards of waste was collected at two
drop-off centers, and 3,033 tons of yard waste was collected during curbside collection.

3. Storm sewer maintenance                                                Permit Ref. III.A.2c
                                                                          Status: Ongoing

- Revised the Stormwater Maintenance Policy: The Stormwater Maintenance Division of WSD
revised the policy. The updated policy defines maintenance activities such as cleaning, repair, and
replacement of structures including stormwater inlets, ditches, streams, channels, fences for
channels, and detention basins. Scheduled cleaning of inlets will be on a two-year frequency.


Final                                           22                                         12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                                                                         Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                                                                        May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Priority inlets will be cleaned more frequently. Inlets will primarily be cleaned by the use of
vacuum trucks to remove debris that could otherwise find its way to streams.

- Accomplishment by the Stormwater Maintenance group: The group accomplished 8,450
cleanings of storm inlets, and 253 repair work orders (Figure 2). Note that this work is season-
dependent.

- Catch basin hotline: Through its catch basin hotline (816-513-0500), the City has received 170
requests for service or maintenance of catch basins and other stormwater inlets that are clogged,
damaged, flooding or need to be cleaned (Figure 3). These requests were logged in the system,
prioritized, and sent to maintenance crews, inspectors and engineers for follow-up actions.

- Catch Basin Replacement Program: To enhance the proper function of stormwater structures,
the City has replaced 697 catch basins City-wide through its General Obligation (GO) Bond-
funded Catch Basin Replacement Program during this reporting period.


                                                                                                     Inlet Inspected/Cleaned

                                                                                                     Repair Work Orders
                                                                                                     Completed
                                              1200                                                                                        35




                                                                                                                                               Stormwater repair work orders completed
        Catch basin/Inlet cleaned/inspected




                                                                                                                                          30

                                                                                                                                          25
                                              800
                                                                                                                                          20

                                                                                                                                          15
                                              400
                                                                                                                                          10

                                                                                                                                          5

                                                0                                                                                         0
                                                     May   June   July   Aug. Sept. Oct.    Nov.   Dec.   Jan.    Feb.    Mar.   Apr.
                                                                                  FY 2006/07

Figure 2.                                       Monthly record of storm sewer structure maintenance for FY 2006/07




Final                                                                                      23                                                                                            12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                                              Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                                             May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




          40                                                                                   Types of call
                                                                                                  Replacement
                                                                                                  Flooding
          30
                                                                                                  Cleaning
                                                                                                  Monthly total
 Number




          20




          10




           0




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                                                       May 2006 - April 2007


Figure 3.            Record of requests on catch basin/inlets through catch basin hotline



4. GIS mapping of the storm sewer systems                                                          Permit Ref. NA
                                                                                                   Status: Ongoing

The WSD’s GIS mapping group:
- Continues to update the GIS database: The WSD’s GIS mapping group continues to develop
and maintain its GIS databases to manage its program of repair/replacement and maintenance of
storm sewer system assets, and to support stormwater billing. The WSD’s GIS group, Stormwater
Utility Division, and IT Division are working together to incorporate the new data from the City-
wide Catch basin Replacement Program into the database.

- Continues to support compliance requirements: The group currently is using ESRI ArcGIS as
its work platform to map all the data associated with the City’s storm sewer systems. To better
support the City’s compliance with the MS4 permit, the group has created new polyline features
to track information on open channels including paved ditches, riprap, detention basins, and
swales, and will continue to develop and update the database with the information supplied by
field inspection crews, engineering as-built drawings from construction projects, and latest
photometric products.




Final                                                            24                                                       12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                 Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                     May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Next Steps

        The Permit requirements will continue to be implemented and each pertinent program
will continue to be improved. The City will:
- Continue its effort to ensure that stormwater BMPs are incorporated into its street and storm
sewer system maintenance; and

- Continue its commitment to eliminate the backlog of catch basins needing to be replaced.




Final                                           25                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                        Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                             May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




4.3 Assess Impact of Flood Control Projects on Water Quality Conditions

         The City continues to work cooperatively with the US Army Corps of Engineers on six
long-existing, large-scale flood-control projects in the City: Blue River Channel, Dodson
Industrial District, and the Swope Park Industrial Area all along the Blue River; Brush Creek
from the State Line to the Blue River; Turkey Creek with its waterway in Kansas, but causing
flooding in Missouri, and Seven Levees along the Kansas and Missouri Rivers. These projects
have all been in the planning, design, construction and/or operation and maintenance phases for
more than ten years. This section of the report will also discuss new flood control project
development.
         One major trend of the City’s flood control projects is that they are evolving from solely
focusing on flood damage reduction to incorporating water quality improvement efforts through
restoration of riparian corridors, improvement of wildlife habitats and green space buffers, and
inclusion of recreational components. This trend will continue with both the existing and new
projects.


Program Objectives

         The objectives of this program are to assure that existing and new flood control projects
are assessed for water quality impacts. Existing facilities are to be evaluated for retrofitting
opportunities by enhancing structures with water quality features based upon considerations of
type, location, watershed, ownership, public health benefits, and cost. New projects are evaluated
using previously defined and developed assessment procedures. Table 5 lists the objectives of this
program during this reporting period.

Table 5.     Flood control project tasks

Permit                      Task                                    Sub-task                      Status
 Ref.
A.3b.      Obtain a determination of water          Evaluate existing flood control projects    Ongoing
           quality considerations typically         for water quality retrofitting
           associated with flood control projects
                                                    Evaluate new flood control projects,        Ongoing
                                                    incorporating water quality consideration
                                                    into the planning and design phases.




Discussion

1. Evaluate existing flood control projects for                                  Permit Ref. III.A-3b
   water quality retrofitting                                                    Status: Ongoing



Final                                               26                                           12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                  Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                      May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



         The City continues to evaluate the existing projects to identify ways in which to
incorporate water quality improvements. As these projects were initially planned, designed and
even partly constructed for managing flood water quantity, incorporating water quality treatment
at this stage presents both an opportunity and challenge. A summary of water quality treatment
evaluations conducted during this reporting period along with plans for implementation for each
of the existing flood control projects follows:

- Turkey Creek Flood Mitigation Project: This is a flood mitigation project involving the US
Army Corps of Engineers; the Unified Government of Wyandotte County, Kansas and Kansas
City, Kansas; and Kansas City, Missouri. The project was authorized by Congress in 1999.
Construction of several hundred feet of channel has already occurred and construction is currently
underway on the tunnel rehabilitation. Other elements of the project are in the design phase
including remaining channel work, bridge replacements, and hillside interceptors. EPA’s
involvement was sought during the planning phase of the project. The result of this early
involvement was a bio-engineered channel, with pools, riffles and waterfalls to aerate water and
develop habitat, and stone deflectors placed within the pilot channel to create meanders (Figure
4).




                              Figure 4.    Turkey Creek riffle pool


- Brush Creek: This is a flood damage reduction and beautification project extending from the
state line on the west to Blue River on the east. The project is approximately six miles in length.
Final design is underway on the Troost in the Brush Creek Project, which will connect the
channel and beautification improvements near the Country Club Plaza to those downstream
(Figure 5). Construction is planned to start in the summer of 2008. As part of the design effort for
the project a water quality workshop was conducted to identify elements that could be added to


Final                                           27                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                               Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                    May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



the project to improve water quality. The determination was made to build new separate sanitary
and storm sewers in the project area rather than continue use of the existing combined system.
This separation was planned and will be constructed to accommodate the anticipated future
separation of sewers in the watershed to the south along Troost Avenue as part of the
implementation of the City’s long term overflow control plan. It was also decided that the
addition of rain gardens to the project would also provide a good educational and public outreach
opportunity as the project site is in a high traffic area located near the Missouri Department of
Conservation’s Discovery Center.




                      Figure 5.    Troost at Brush Creek Improvement


        Other work underway in Brush Creek includes the development of a bi-state watershed
management plan which is being prepared by Kansas City, Missouri, Johnson County, Kansas
and the Corps of Engineers, with the assistance of the Mid-America Regional Council. These
groups are using a multi-purpose watershed approach in considering opportunities for further
flood damage reduction, environmental ecosystem restoration, water quality improvement and
compatible recreation.

- Blue River Channel Improvement: This project was authorized by Congress in 1970. The US
Army Corps of Engineers and the City have worked together on the Blue River project since
1979. Construction began in 1983 and the current anticipated completion date is 2013 (dependent
on availability of federal funding). The project has been completed from the mouth of the
Missouri River upstream to the confluence with Brush Creek for approximately 10 river miles.
Approximately two river miles remain to be completed. The next phase of the project was to be
construction of a Grade Control Structure at the upper end of the project. The need for the Grade



Final                                          28                                       12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                  Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                       May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Control Structure is due to the difference in the hydraulic gradeline between the improved
channel and the unimproved channel. Additionally, the City of Kansas City, the Corps of
Engineers, the Monnett Battle of Westport Fund Inc. and the Byram’s Ford Industrial Park agreed
through an Alternative Dispute Resolution process that the historical battlefield site shall be
preserved when the channel modifications are constructed.
         The proposed Grade Control Structure is very large, having a low weir length of 10 feet
and a high weir that would be 160 feet in length. The stilling basin would be 7 feet deep and 160
feet long, with ten 8’x8’ baffle blocks. The stilling basin sidewalls would be more than 50 feet
tall, nearly 130 feet long and approximately 7 feet thick at the base. A Value Engineering Study
was held to identify alternatives to the proposed Grade Control Structure that could serve the
same purpose and be more environmentally friendly. It was determined that there were feasible
options to meet the project objectives including a series of smaller check dams, pilot channels,
wetlands, etc. The more environmentally friendly alternatives will be studied in detail during the
next reporting period and the results summarized in the next annual report.
         The overall 12-mile project also has a plan (partially implemented) to mitigate damage to
the environment. The mitigation plan is being reevaluated to determine what additional features
can be implemented in the remaining channel work, as well as what existing features can be
retrofitted, to better accomplish a more robust mitigation plan that re-establishes habitat along the
stream banks while simultaneously helping improve water quality. The revised mitigation plan is
expected to be completed during the next reporting period and summarized in the next annual
report.

- Dodson Industrial District Levee/Floodwall: This project was authorized by Congress in the
1996 Water Resources and Development Act (WRDA). It consists of over a mile of
levee/floodwall and gate systems along the north-west bank of the Blue River from the Bannister
Federal complex to Bruce R. Watkins Drive to provide 500-year flood level protection to the
Dodson Industrial District. The project mitigation plan includes habitat restoration along the river
to protect the stream banks and filter runoff.

- Swope Park Industrial Park Levee/Floodwall: The plan for this project has been developed by
the US Army Corps of Engineers and is expected to be authorized in the next Water Resources
Development Act (WRDA). The project area is located within the 100-year flood plain of the
Blue River, much of it within the floodway, resulting in especially hazardous flooding conditions,
and frequent flooding of the only ingress/egress to the park. The project will consist of a
levee/floodwall providing up to a 500-year level of protection. Habitat restoration can be
achieved through the use of wetlands constructed immediately south of the project. Although
these wetlands would be separated by a levee from the Blue River, and therefore not directly
connected to the stream and unable to function as a filtering stream buffer, sediment-laden runoff
can still be captured and kept from entering the stream due to their proximity to the Blue River.

- Levee Systems: The City’s levee system consists of a series of earthen levees,
floodwalls, flood pumping stations, relief wells, toe drains and slope protection along portions of
the Missouri River and the Blue River. The entire Kansas City, Missouri levee system is divided
into three segments named the Central Industrial District (CID) Unit, the East Bottoms Unit and


Final                                            29                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                   Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                       May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



the North Kansas City Unit. The City continues to work with the Corps of Engineers and other
levee operators along the Kansas and Missouri Rivers in the Kansas City area on a Feasibility
Study to evaluate the levees and develop appropriate plans to assure they function as intended.
Additionally, the City continues its regular maintenance of the levees including mowing, and
removing litter and debris. No herbicide was applied during the reporting period.

        Seven existing flood control projects were identified in the first annual report. However,
the US Army Corps of Engineers, in cooperation with Jackson county and other organizations,
has been the primary party that constructed and continues to maintain Longview Lake, the only
existing regional detention basin that is partially located in south Kansas City. As such, this
project will no longer be included in the future annual reports.



2. Evaluate new flood control projects                                      Permit Ref. III.5A.3b
                                                                            Status: Ongoing

         Evaluation of the following new flood control projects began in this reporting period.
- Little Blue River: This project is located on the eastern edge of the southern part of the City. Its
main course flows northward across six communities (including the City) into the Missouri River.
The City is seeking community partnerships to work on improving the condition of the
floodplain, which includes bank stabilization, stream restoration, buyout of flooded buildings, and
public education of BMPs.

- East Fork Creek regional detention basin: This will be the City’s first regional detention basin,
a 35-acre basin to be installed in the East Fork Creek sub-basin of the Line Creek watershed. The
basin will serve a drainage area of more than 2,000 acres. The design phase was finished during
the reporting period, and the construction work will start in the fall of 2007. See Part 3.
Overview of Stormwater Management for more details.

- Capital Improvement projects recommended in watershed studies: Under the KC-ONE
program, over 1,600 recommended stormwater-related projects are being reviewed and evaluated
for the potential of using green solutions to reduce or eliminate the need for structural solutions.
The process utilized the stream asset inventory and also the BMP locator, a tool developed to
locate potential BMP sites.

         In addition to these new projects, the City has been engaged in the following initiatives
that will influence water quality efforts to be included in current and future flood control projects:
- Upper Blue River Alliance: The City continues to be involved in the Alliance consisting of
members from Johnson County, KS; Jackson County, MO; the City of Kansas City, MO; and the
Blue River Watershed Association. The purpose of the Alliance is to implement strategies that
make a real impact on the watershed sustainability. Implementation strategies identified include
watershed coordination, open space acquisition and management, planning and regulatory




Final                                            30                                         12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                     May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



actions, and private sector incentives. These strategies will influence new flood control projects
and support water quality improvement measures.

- Water quality monitoring and modeling for the Blue River: This monitoring study
characterizes water quality impacts to the Blue River and was completed by the U.S. Geological
Survey (USGS) during the last reporting period. The modeling task for pollutant-loadings was
performed by LimnoTech during this period. A Water Quality Press Conference was held by the
Water Services Department to present these results on October 18, 2006, the World Water
Quality Monitoring Day. Speakers included representatives from the Blue River Watershed
Association, the WSD, LimnoTech, the USGS, the Missouri Department of Natural Resources
and the United States Environmental Protection Agency. The study concluded that bacteria and
dissolved oxygen are the primary parameters of concern and identified various upstream sources,
together with downstream stormwater and combined sewer overflows as significant contributors
of these pollutants. These findings provide a scientific basis and direction on which to address
future flood control projects in the watershed.

- Stream Setback Ordinance: The ordinance is in the drafting process. It will help to protect
development and infrastructure from flood damage, while preserving natural resources that
provide multiple benefits. See Part 3. Overview of Stormwater Management for more details.


Next Steps

        The City will continue its efforts to partner with various agencies and stakeholders in
addressing water-quality impacts of the flood control projects:
- The existing projects will continue to be evaluated to identify and incorporate water quality
improvement measures;

- New projects will be included with water-quality protection considerations; and

- Construction of environmental-friendly features will be incorporated, where practicable.




Final                                          31                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                  Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                      May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




4.4 Control Pollutants in Runoff from Municipal Waste Management Facilities

        The City continues to manage municipal waste facilities to control pollutants in runoff.
There are no active municipal waste landfills in the City. Municipal waste generated in Kansas
City, MO is hauled directly to landfills outside the City limits. Six sites in the City are known to
have operated as Municipal Waste Landfills in the past. These include 97th Street Landfill, 87th
Street Landfill, Round Grove Creek Landfill, Heart Landfill, Milwaukee Landfill, and Riverfront
Landfill. These landfills have been closed for more than 30 years. Currently, thick bush and
patches of trees occupy the top of these landfills.


Program Objectives

        The following objective was established for the permit year:
        Continue the annual inspection for the above landfills.


Discussion:

1. Continue the annual inspection for the landfills                         Permit Ref. III.A.4
                                                                            Status: Ongoing
        City staff from the Office of Environmental Quality, Stormwater Utility Division, and the
Aviation Department performed a walk-through inspection for each landfill in March 2007.
Active leachate seeps were observed at three of the six landfills. They are 87th Street Landfill,
Heart Landfill and Milwaukee Landfill.

2. Design a sampling and analysis plan for the landfills                      Permit Ref. III.A.4
                                                                              Status: Ongoing
         This program element is not required to be implemented until the third year of the Permit.
The Office of Environmental Quality was considering initiating the design of a sampling and
analysis plan for the landfills as this Permit report was being drafted. The monitoring results and
a plan for seepage control measures, if necessary, will be presented in the next annual report.


Next Steps:

The City will continue to:
- Perform annual landfill inspection;
- Investigate historical documents and GIS information to determine presence of additional
inactive municipal waste landfills that may have been operated by the City in the past. Additional
landfills identified will be added to the program for monitoring;
- Design and implement a sampling and analysis plan for active leachate seeps; and
- Design and implement seepage control measures if necessary and/or repair landfill caps that are
damaged or eroded.



Final                                            32                                       12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                  Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                      May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




4.5 Monitor and Control Pollutants from Industrial and High-Risk Runoff

         The City is continuing its efforts to target high-risk runoff from both municipal and
private facilities. The City is implementing a full-scale stormwater inspection program. The
City’s inventory of high-risk runoff facilities is evaluated and updated as necessary. Additionally,
field verification is being conducted of high-risk runoff facilities on the City’s priority list.
Parallel to this effort, the City has issued a new ordinance to provide authority for City staff to
perform the tasks associated with this program requirement and to protect stormwater quality.


Program Objectives

      The following objectives were established for the permit year:
      Update the inventory of industrial facilities that have high-risk runoff discharging to the
    MS4
      Implement an inspection program;
      Update the priority list of high-risk runoff facilities; and
      Develop and implement a monitoring or self-monitoring program for priority facilities.

       To fulfill these objectives, multiple tasks have been established, and specific activities
have been completed. These activities are described in Table 6.



Discussion:

1. Update the Inventory of Potentially Significant Dischargers                 Permit Ref. III.A.5a
                                                                               Status: Ongoing

          The Inventory has been and will continue to be updated as facility inspections are being
performed. By the end of this reporting period, the Inventory lists 162 facilities: 50 municipal
facilities and 112 private sector facilities (Attachment 1). The development of the original
inventory was described in the Partial Year MS4 Report (Yr. 2005). The current list was derived
with additional consideration of the State’s industrial permit list for Yr. 2006. Included in the
Inventory are facility name, activity address, watershed, storm sewer system type, and contacts
where available.




Final                                           33                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                          Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                               May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Table 6.   Summary of industrial and high-risk runoff facility program


 Permit              Task                                   Sub-task                               Activities                Status       Output
  Ref.
5a.        Update an inventory of       Update the inventory                                   Staff meetings (4-5       Completed    Attachment 1
           potentially significant                                                         City employees);
           dischargers                                                                          Communicating with
5b.         Create a priority list of   (1) Determine criteria for selecting priority      Missouri Department of        Completed    See Year 1
           high-risk runoff             facilities;                                        Natural Resources staff,                   report
           dischargers                                                                     and MS4 staff from other
                                        (2) Derive a priority list of high-risk runoff     cities;
                                        dischargers.
                                                                                               Research on federal
           Maintain a GIS               Update the GIS database                            and state regulations;        Completed    GIS
           database of high-risk                                                                                                      layers/map
           runoff dischargers                                                                   Research on other
                                                                                           cities’ development or
5c.        Develop an inspection        (1) Set up inspection procedures;                  implementation of MS4         Completed    See Year 1
           program for high-risk                                                           high-risk runoff program,                  report
           runoff dischargers           (2) Determine inspection priority, frequency,      and their pertinent
                                        and methods for record keeping and updating;       ordinances.
                                        (3) Set up inspection checklist with user               Inspection: 16 private
                                        instruction.                                       facilities, and 20 City
                                                                                           facilities.
           Implement the                (1) Inspect municipal facilities                                                 Ongoing      Inspection
                                                                                                Evaluated for
           inspection program           (2) Inspect private facilities                                                                records and
                                                                                           monitoring: 5 private
                                                                                                                                      reports
                                                                                           facilities.
5d.        Develop and implement        (1) Develop a monitoring plan for priority                                       Ongoing      Attachment 2
           a monitoring program         facilities
                                        (2) Implement the monitoring plan
5e.        Develop a “no exposure” certification                                                                         Completed    Attachment 2




Final                                                 34                                            12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                    Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                        May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



2. Implement the Inspection Program                                          Permit Ref. III.A.5a-c
                                                                             Status: Ongoing

         The Stormwater Utility Division is implementing the inspection program for both
municipal and private facilities listed on the Inventory. The Office of Environmental Quality and
the Industrial Waste Division at WSD also provide assistance where needed. See Table 6 for
details on the progress of the inspections.


3. Develop a facility monitoring program                                     Permit Ref. III.A.5d
                                                                             Status: Ongoing

        A monitoring program for priority high-risk-runoff facilities has been developed. The
plan specifies two monitoring approaches to be used: visual monitoring and analytical
monitoring. See Attachment 2 for details. The plan is subject to modifications when further field
investigations are conducted at these facilities.


4. Implement a facility monitoring program                                   Permit Ref. III.A.5d
                                                                             Status: Ongoing

        A priority list of high-risk-runoff facilities was provided in the previous report. During
the reporting period, five of the listed sixteen facilities were evaluated for the potential to monitor
them. Two of them hold State NPDES permits, one has a State No-Exposure certificate, and one
is currently out of business. When the report was being prepared, the City was requesting the
monitoring data from the State-permitted facilities. The City will continue to evaluate the
remaining priority facilities and conduct visual or analytic monitoring where necessary.

5. Alternative certification                                                 Permit Ref. III.A.5e
                                                                             Status: Ongoing

         The City has developed a “no exposure” certification as an alternative to monitoring for
certain qualified facilities. The content of the certification is based on the EPA’s “no exposure”
certification for exclusion from NPDES Stormwater Permitting for Phase I Industrial Facilities.
See Attachment 2 for details. During the reporting period, no certificates had been issued by the
City.


6. GIS Mapping                                                               Permit Ref. NA
                                                                             Status: Ongoing

          Though not required by the Permit, the City has built a GIS database for the facilities in
the inventory and priority list. The database includes data layers of facility locations; the City
CSS and MS4 boundary; separate sewer system components (lines, outfalls, catch basins, inlets,
etc.); streams and watershed boundaries; and updated aerial photos, parcel boundary, and contour



Final                                             35                                         12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                     Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                         May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



lines. The relevant attributes are also part of the database. City inspectors for stormwater runoff at
industrial facilities are using the database for site inspection planning, data display, analysis, and
information retrieval. The GIS database has been and will continue to be updated as necessary.

7. Industrial Outreach                                                        Permit Ref. NA
                                                                              Status: Ongoing

        Though not required by the Permit, the City has started to reach out to promote industrial
awareness of the potential of stormwater pollution. The purpose is to better support this program
to prevent, control, and minimize pollutant runoff from industrial operations.
        Letters were mailed to over 150 private industrial facilities with the information on the
    City’s new Stormwater Discharge Control Regulation.
        A public meeting was held to inform the industrial personnel of the City’s new
    Stormwater Regulation. About 20 representatives from different facilities attended the
    meeting and discussion.
        The WSD has obtained “Storm Watch”, a DVD designed by EXCAL VISUAL for
    Municipal Stormwater pollution prevention training. Since the spring of 2007, the Office of
    Environmental Quality has incorporated the DVD into the City’s employee Environment
    Orientation Training. See Section 5. Stormwater Public Education and Awareness Program
    for more details


Next Steps

        The City will continue its current efforts to target high-risk-runoff facilities:
- More facilities will be inspected for their runoff management and site BMPs;

- The list for inspection will be evaluated and updated on a regular basis;

- The priority list for monitoring will be evaluated and updated on a regular basis. The monitoring
program for those priority facilities will be evaluated and refined as appropriate and necessary,
and will continue to be implemented; and

- The City will continue to explore opportunities to educate both municipal employees and the
industrial operators on industrial stormwater runoff management and BMPs.




Final                                             36                                         12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                  Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                      May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




4.6 Reduce the Discharge of Pesticides, Herbicides, and Fertilizers

        The permit requires the City to implement a program to reduce pollutants in discharges
from the MS4 associated with pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers. Substantial ongoing activities
have been identified which provide a solid foundation upon which to build enhanced levels of
effectiveness.


Program Objectives

        The objective of this program is to eliminate the unnecessary or improper use of
pesticides and herbicides through controlled management of City operations, training of staff, and
educational efforts aimed at the broader public.


Discussion

1. Continuing the public education program                                Permit Ref.: III.A.6.a
   to promote the proper use, handling, storage, and                      Status: Ongoing
   disposal of PHFs
- NATIVE PLANTING: The City continues to promote NATIVE PLANTING to reduce the
need for PHFs. The City utilizes various relevant programs via diverse media venues to
encourage and instruct citizens on the use of native landscaping in both public and private areas.
These successful programs include Nature First (a land management program), 10,000 Rain
Gardens, “Grow Natives!” Landscape Challenge Kansas City Style, and “Waterline” bill
inserts. See Section 3. Overview of Stormwater Management and Section 5. Stormwater Public
Education and Awareness Program for more details.

- PHFs: The City continues to promote proper use, handling, storage, and disposal of PHFs,
along with other household hazardous waste, through various outreach efforts. These include:
        “On Tap” KCCG Channel 2 TV show;
         The distribution and translation of brochure - Use Lawn Chemicals Wisely through a
    coordinated regional water-quality education effort, and
        The webpage dedicated to pesticides and fertilizers under the header page, Earth Matters
    – Gardening and Landscaping.
        See Section 3. Overview of Stormwater Management and Section 5. Stormwater Public
    Education and Awareness Program for more details on these activities.

- Household Hazardous Waste (HHW) Disposal Program: The City continues to operate this
program. The facility serves as a core location for a cooperative regional collection system for the
Missouri portion of the metropolitan area. The facility accepts residential hazardous wastes
including pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers. Mobile events also are held throughout the City
and the region to provide convenient opportunities for proper disposal. The program provides a
viable alternative to improper disposal in landfills, storm sewers, or sanitary sewer facilities.


Final                                           37                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                  Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                       May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Public education is a significant component of the program and provides a significant opportunity
for enhancing public awareness.

2. Implementing BMPs to reduce the contribution                            Permit Ref.: III.A.6.b
   of pollutants associated with the application, storage,                 Status: Ongoing
   and disposal of PHFs on City-owned property and right-of-ways

- Employee training: The City’s Environmental Management System (EMS) provides a
comprehensive approach to assuring that City employees, through each individual’s training plan,
are familiar with the appropriate use of hazardous chemicals including pesticides, herbicides, and
fertilizers. Employees who work with or in close proximity to hazardous chemicals (such as
PHFs) take a Hazard Communication class, which teaches about the hazards of various
chemicals, the precautions to take when using hazardous chemicals, what to do in the event of an
emergency, and how to find and understand the Material Safety Data Sheet for each chemical
encountered in the work place. Employees who work with restricted use pesticides receive the
Certified Pesticide Applicator training, which covers the proper handling, application techniques,
application rates, and safety precautions for working with pesticides.

- City facility environmental audit: Every City facility receives an annual environmental audit,
which includes a review of procedures to acquire, store, use and dispose of hazardous chemicals.
Any “opportunities for improvement” identified by the auditor are included in the written audit
report and tracked to ensure timely implementation. In addition, each facility performs
environmental self-inspections on a daily, weekly, or monthly basis (depending on the number of
environmentally significant activities at the facility) to detect and correct deficiencies, including
any problems related to hazardous chemicals.

- Reporting: The City uses the “Tickler System” to keep track of environmental issues for City
facilities. The system can automatically generate monthly reports to provide a summary of
environmental obligations in each department and the completion status of each item. Through
the same system, e-mail reminders, or "ticklers," are issued to staff weekly to remind them to
correct the environmental obligations for which they are responsible.

- BMPs on City golf courses: The City continues to adopt Best Management Practices (BMPs)
and environmental policies and procedures for its five golf courses: Hodge Park, Shoal Creek,
Swope Memorial, Minor Park, and Heart of America. For the first four golf courses, the adopted
BMPs, policies and procedures that minimize or help to minimize the discharge of PHFs from
application include the followings:
        Chemical use reduction & management practices:
                 Comply with state and OSHA regulations that apply to storage and handling of
             chemicals;
                 Train all key maintenance staff in the Integrated Pest Management strategies
             (e.g., proper timing and spot treatment, documenting and evaluating applications and
             results) and appropriate thresholds for disease and insects; and



Final                                            38                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                  Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                      May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



                Train all key maintenance staff to recognize that chemical manufacturing, use,
            storage, and disposal may pose risk to human health and the environment.
        Cultural practices:
                Maintain green, tee, and fairway mowing heights at levels that can be reasonably
            maintained on a day-to-day basis without continually stressing turf or maximizing
            chemical inputs;
                Work to cultivate a diverse, living biotic soil community and encourage soil
            microorganisms;
                Plant more pest-resistant or stress-tolerant cultivars on playing surfaces and in
            landscaping; and
                Establish aesthetic and functional thresholds for insects, fungal, and weeds for all
            managed areas to precisely and efficiently manage pest populations and reduce
            chemical inputs.
        Best management practices:
                Evaluate potential control measures, including alterations in: cultural
            management, biological, physical, and mechanical controls, and chemical controls;
                Maintain records of treatments employed and their effectiveness and use them as
            a guide for future pest control decisions;
                Strive to treat problems at the proper time and under the proper weather
            conditions to maximize effectiveness and minimize harmful environmental impact;
                Employ practices and use products that reduce the potential for contamination of
            ground and surface water;
                Apply pesticides by trained, licensed, applicators and directed by law;
                Establish “no spray zone” and buffer zone areas particularly around water
            features and other environmentally sensitive areas;
                Assure when cleaning equipment, no direct contact of wash/waste water with
            surface water;
                Store all chemicals (pesticides and fertilizers on metal shelving and liquid
            products below dry materials) properly;
                Handle all pesticides over an impermeable surface; and
                Have a spill containment kit and spill containment procedures in place.
        Water conservation management:
                Raise mowing height along water edges to slow and filter chemical runoff;
                Maintain and clean maintenance equipment in a manner that eliminates potential
            contamination of water areas;
                Mix and load pesticides in areas that guarantee spill containment;
                Handle and apply fertilizers, pesticides, and other chemicals in a manner that
            eliminate potential contamination of water areas; and
                Reduce or eliminate the need for chemical algae control in ponds through proper
            aeration.

        The Heart of America golf course utilizes the BMPs and policies which, in general, are
consistent with those adopted by the other four golf courses (e.g., appropriate buffer zones around




Final                                           39                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                 Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                     May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



water features), but in a simplified version. Its BMPs and procedures that minimize or help to
minimize the discharge of PHFs from application include the following:
        Educating key personnel on Integrated Pest Management strategies and appropriate
   thresholds for disease and insects;
        Complying with state and OSHA regulations that apply to storage and handling of
   chemicals;
        Adhering to sound cultural practices to promote health and vigor of turf grass and plant
   materials;
        Applying chemicals only during times that promote peak performance of such chemical;
        Securing storage area of chemicals as well as inventorying on a periodic basis;
        Continuing education on current practices and procedures pertaining to use of chemicals
   as well as cultural practices;
        Maintaining a chemical spill kit centrally located to all potential spill areas; and
        Properly disposing of all pesticide containers.

        During the reporting period, each City golf course kept track of pesticide application. The
log forms recorded by staff at the golf courses of Hodge Park, Shoal Creek, Minor Park, and
Heart of America include: date and time of application, weather condition, applied product name,
amount used, target pests, location and size of the area treated, protective wear, application
equipment/method, equipment clean up procedure, container disposal, surplus material disposal,
and applicator’s signature. The Swope Memorial golf course maintained a record that included,
but was not limited to information on: date and time of application, weather condition, applied
product name, amount used, target pests, location and size of the area treated, and applicator’s
signature.

- BMPs on City Parks: The Parks & Recreation Department maintains 212 parks in the City.
During the reporting period, no insecticide was used in any of these parks, and herbicide was
applied only as necessary and primarily on the flowerbeds.

- BMPs on City Lakes: The Parks & Recreation Department contracted Blue Valley Laboratories,
Inc. to inspect and treat as necessary the following lakes: Chaumiere, Englewood, Lakewood
Greenway (Upper), Lakewood Greenway (Lower), North Terrace, Bales, Loose Park, Deer, Penn
Valley, Spring Valley, Troost, Klapmeyer, Migliazzo Park, Jerry Smith Farm, and the Lake of the
Woods. Regarding BMPs on PHFs application, the contract requires the contractor: (1) provide
details of the water samples including microscopic examination for planktonic algae and bacteria
examinations for fecal coliform and enterrococcus and provide a record of all treatments
provided; (2) scan the waterbodies for pH, hardness, nitrates, pesticides, phosphates, heavy
metals, and alkali’s; (3) assure all staff involved in the application of chemicals are trained and
certified by the Missouri Department of Agriculture as a commercial applicator for aquatic
pesticides. The contractor maintains a record on each activity: treated lake location, application
date and time, name, category (e.g., EPA registered, non-regulated), and quantity of material use.

- BMPs on larvicide usage on public properties: The Health Department (HD) purchases
larvicide (a 90-day briquette) each year for distribution on City-owned property. The Parks &


Final                                           40                                       12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                      Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                         May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Recreation Department (PRD) distributes the larvicide at parks, golf courses, and lakes twice a
year (spring and summer). HD does some larviciding on City-owned property that are not the
responsibility of PRD, and this occurs only on a complaint basis. HD responds to citizen inquiries
on how to prevent mosquitoes by offering information and literature. PRD maintains a record on
the usage of larvicide: location of treated site, street address, location type (e.g., lake, creek), date
of application, and amount applied.

- BMPs on right-of-ways: The City Parks & Recreation Department maintains 40-miles of park
roads, hundreds of parking lots, 2,008-acres and 133-miles of boulevards, parkways, and streets.
The department does not use pesticides on these right-of-ways. Fertilizers are used only on an as-
needed basis.


Next Steps

        The City will continue to track existing and planned BMPs that minimize the discharge of
PHFs from application on municipal property by City staff or contractors. More BMPs will be
developed for park maintenance facilities. The City will revise the existing EMS to specifically
describe BMPs for PHF application or develop individual plans addressing BMPs.




Final                                              41                                          12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                 Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                     May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




4.7 Reduce Illicit Discharges, Spills, and Improper Disposal

         The City has developed a number of programs that mitigate non-point source pollution.
The list includes, but is not limited to, the Neighborhood Cleanup Assistance Program (NCAP),
KC-Recycles, Household Hazardous Waste Management Program, and the Keep Kansas City
Beautiful program.


Program Objectives
         The following objectives were established for the permit year:
         Develop and implement a City ordinance to prohibit illicit discharges to the waters of the
    MS4 except for certain listed de minimus discharges;
         Identify priority areas for illicit discharge screening, including concentrated areas of
    industrial and commercial facilities;
         Continue to implement procedures for conducting field screening activities and recording
    results;
         Continue to implement procedures to investigate when illicit discharges are discovered or
    reported;
         Continue to implement procedures to prevent, contain and respond to spills that may
    discharge into the MS4;
         Continue the public education program to inform the public on how to respond to spills,
    illegal dumping, illicit discharges, and water quality problems;
         Continue use of the mobile collection events and promotion of permanent collection sites
    for household hazardous waste; and
         Continue the sanitary sewer maintenance program to limit infiltration from municipal
    sanitary sewers to the MS4.


Discussion
1. Develop a city ordinance to prohibit illicit                           Permit Ref. III.7.a.
   discharges to MS4                                                      Status: Ongoing

- Stormwater Discharge Control Regulation: The ordinance titled “Stormwater Discharge
Control Regulation” (Ordinance number 070395) was passed on April 12, 2007. See Attachment
3.
        The purpose of the Ordinance is: to provide for the health, safety, and general welfare of
    the citizens of Kansas City, Missouri through the regulation of stormwater and non-
    stormwater discharges to the storm drainage system to the maximum extent practicable as
    required by federal and state law;
        The objectives are:
                To regulate the contribution of pollutants to the storm drainage system by
            discharges from any user;
                To prohibit illicit connection and discharges to the storm drainage system


Final                                             42                                      12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                   Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                       May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



                  To establish legal authority to carry out all inspections, surveillances, monitoring
             and enforcement procedures necessary to ensure compliance with this article.
         The ordinance preparation process involved a team of City staff representing multiple
    City Departments and outside consultants. Reference materials included the Model EPA
    Illicit Discharge and Connection Stormwater Ordinance, other relevant municipal ordinances,
    and the Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination: A Guidance Manual for Program
    Development and Technical Assessments (The Center for Watershed Protection and R. Pitt,
    2004).
         The ordinance titled “Stormwater Discharge Control Regulations” was introduced to the
    City Council on March 29, 2007, and was passed on April 12, 2007. The Ordinance became
    effective on April 22, 2007.
         The WSD conducted several activities to promote the ordinance:
                  Posting the draft ordinance on the City’s website to allow for public review and
             comment;
                  Posting a fact sheet titled “Important Questions about the Proposed Ordinance on
             Illicit Discharge and Connections to Storm Drainage System” to help the public to
             understand the ordinance;
                  Notifying industrial facilities of the proposed ordinance by mailing over 150
             letters; and
                  Holding a public meeting on March 14, 2007, which provided a brief overview of
             the MS4 Permit along with the purpose and permit requirements; an overview of the
             Illicit Discharges, Spills and Improper Disposal program along with an overview of
             the Proposed Ordinance.

       The illicit discharge ordinance was written in such a way that will also benefit the
program - to Control Pollutants from Industrial and High Risk Facilities. The illicit discharge
ordinance gives the City the legal authority to conduct inspections, surveillance monitoring and
enforcement procedures at these facilities.


2. Implement a procedure for illicit                                        Permit Ref. III.7.a & d
   discharge investigation and enforcement                                  Status: Ongoing

The City developed a detection and elimination program for illicit discharges and submitted it
with the year one annual report. The City continues to refine the program while conducting
investigations. Five illicit discharge incidents were reported to the WSD during this reporting
year. These incidents were all investigated, handled and recorded according to the programmatic
procedures. Problems identified of these incidents included unauthorized connection of
downspouts to storm drains, discharges from commercial vehicle washing to nearby streams,
overflow of sanitary sewers into storm drains, debris piled up at the storm inlets from sodding and
seeding activities, etc. Actions taken by the City were recorded.

3. Identify priority areas and initiate field                               Permit Ref. III.7.b & c
   Screening program                                                        Status: Ongoing


Final                                            43                                         12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                  Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                      May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




- Updated the priority watershed list: The Year 1 annual report identified three priority
watersheds for field screening: the North East Industrial District (NEID), Birmingham Bottoms,
and Round Grove Creek watersheds. During this reporting period, two additional watersheds - the
Central Industrial District (CID) and the Indian Creek watersheds were also included in this list of
priority watersheds.

- Initiated the outfall reconnaissance inventory (ORI): The inventory included a physical
inspection of the outfalls in the identified watersheds. A field sheet was completed for each
outfall inspected which included descriptive and quantitative information about the outfall. Table
7 summarizes the results of the outfall inspections.


Table 7. Outfall Reconnaissance Inventory Results for Five Priority Watersheds

Watershed                 Outfalls    Size Ranges       Problems observed
NEID                         9        30-inch to 40     Excessive silt and vegetation
CID                                   x 65-inches       observed
Birmingham Bottoms            4       36-inch to 48-    Observed structural damage to some
                                      inches            outfalls
Round Grove Creek             7       36-inch to 15-    Concrete debris, leaves and silt
                                      ft by 10-ft       observed for some outfalls.
Indian Creek                  6       36-inch to 8-ft   Suds at one outfall led to
                                      by 8-ft           investigation and inspection of car
                                                        dealerships in the area.
Brush Creek North             1       48-inches         Excessive erosion observed



4. Prevent illicit discharge and improper disposal                        Permit Ref. III.7.d & f
                                                                          Status: Ongoing

         The City has continued implementing various waste management programs. Table 8
provides performance indicators on the City’s recent achievements. In addition to this progress,
the following items are of particular note:
         In 2006, the Household Hazardous Waste Management Program serviced 8,036 drive-
    up vehicles and collected 1,103,087 pound of waste (Figure 7). The program’s mobile
    outreach events serviced 18 cities, and 5 counties. The majority of the waste collected by
    different programs was recovered, recycled, and reused by City staff (Figure 8). The Swap
    Shop housed in the Household Hazardous Waste Facility provided over 312,826 pounds of
    material to the public for its intended use and kept it out of landfills.
         The Neighborhood Cleanup Assistance Program is organized by the Outreach and
    Community Development branch of the Solid Waste Division in the Public Works
    Department. The program continues to grow to now include four subprograms: Multi-
    neighborhood Cleanup, Dumpsters, Tire Collection, and Blue Bag Programs. Though each


Final                                             44                                      12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                              Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                   May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



   program focuses on one aspect of waste collection, they all share a common theme that is to
   encourage residents to come together and work to share the responsibility of cleaning and
   maintaining personal property, as well as connecting properties, regardless of ownership. The
   partnership has encouraged the view and realization that the phrase… “the City should…,”
   simply means “I should…, since I am a part of the City.” See Figure 10.
       While a primary task of this program is to implement various waste management
   programs, public education and grassroots outreach have also been conducted. Staff working
   on these programs takes the opportunity to deliver educational messages to the public
   wherever possible. See Attachment 4 for education/information brochures distributed for KC
   Recycle Program. This effort will be described further in the next section of this report,
   STORMWATER PUBLIC EDUCATION AND AWARENESS PROGRAM. Also see
   Figures 9 and 12.




Final                                         45                                       12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                             Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                                May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Table 8. Performance measures on recent achievements by comprehensive waste
management and Keep Kansas City Beautiful

                                  KC Recycles (FY 06/07)
    Community (Drop-off Center) Recycling (FY 06/07) A                        Curbside Recycling (FY 06/07)
Materials recovered (ton)   Car           Volunteer shift                        Materials recovered (ton)
          2,564           129,261             1,947                                       18,987
                          City Department Internal Recycling (FY 06/07): 294,894 pounds
                                   Appliance and Bulky Items (FY 06/07)
              Number of appliances collected                      Bulky items collected (ton)
                         1,706                                             23,141
                                      Leaves and Brush Collection (FY 06/07)
    Homes served            Drop-off site (ground cubic yard)                Curbside (ton)
      139,213                             55,000                                 3,033
                                 Illegal Dumping Cleanup (FY 06/07): 2,724 tons

                            Neighborhood Cleanup Assistance (FY 06/07)
      Number of events              Number of participating   Cleanup waste                 Number of “NCAP”
(dumpster and scheduled cleanup)   neighborhood associations      (ton)                        Partnerships
              217                            164                  1,790                             19
                Number of tires collected                           Number of “Blue Bags” delivered
                       11,434                                                   22,000
                            Household Hazardous Waste (2006)
          HHW Facility                     Mobile outreach B                                 Swap shop
HHW received Number of vehicles  HHW received Number of vehicles                      Material    Cost saved
    (lb)       delivering HHW         (lb)         delivering HHW                       (lb)          ($)
  684,917            4,853          418,170              3,183                        312,826      152,614
                                          Blue River Rescue (April 1, 2006)
        Volunteers                  Trash removed (ton)      Tires removed           Tree seedlings planted
          > 380                            100 ±                 > 500                        300

                                     Keep Kansas City Beautiful (FY 06/07)
Litter free                      Kansas City Metropolitan Area in Great America Cleanup(GAC)
  event/
                 Litter      Illegal      Tires    Street Park area River/lake/     Trail         Volunteer
 attendee
                 (Ton)      dump-site              (mile)  (acre)    shoreline     (mile)
                                                                                                 #        Hour
                                                                      (mile)
20/43,262         564          35        10,586     23       43         19            8        6,000     15,286

A
    Data from Kansas City Community Recycling Centers Annual Report 2006-2007.
B
    Held 18 mobile events and served 18 communities or neighboring cities in 2006.




Final                                                    46                                            12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                                                   Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                                                  May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




Figure 6. 2007 Great America Cleanup activities
(Photos courtesy of Andrea Babbit, Bridging the Gap)



                                 Toxic Solids
                                     0%         Material Received by Type
                 Toxic Liquid Flammable                                                                           Flourescent Lighting Waste
                                                    Water Reactive                Batteries, Automotive
                    Organic (Pestcd)                               Antifreeze                                                 1%
                                                          0%                               7%
                           0%                                          1%
                                                                                                                       Batteries, Ni-Cad
                                                                                                                              0%
              Insecticide Gases, Flammable.
                                                                                                                                 Steel
                            0%
                                                                                                                                  9%
                 Flammable Liquid Toxic
                    Organic (Pestcd)
                           5%                                                                                           Sulfuric Acid
                                                                                                                             0%

              Latex
               30%                                                                                            Used Oil (Spec used oil)
                                                                                                                         5%

            Batteries, Alkaline. (Stabilized
                           )                                                                              Flammable Liquids
                          2%                                                                                    9%


                   Oxidizers          Bases                                             Paint Related Materials
                                                            Used Oil (Non Spec)
                      1%               0%       Acids                                             28%
                                                                    0%
                                                 1%




Figure 7.     Material by type received at the Household Hazardous Waste Facility in 2006
(Total weight: 1,103,087 lb, not including materials collected by mobile events)




Final                                                             47                                                             12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                                                             Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                                                        May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




                                                Distribution of Material Processed


                     30

                     25
        Percentage




                     20




                                                                                                              incinerated
                                    swapped




                                                                                                 others
                                                                                   neutralized
                                                                   recoverd
                     15



                                                     recycled
                     10

                      5

                      0




Total weight treated: 1,257,814 lb

Figure 8.                 Distribution of material managed by Household Hazardous Waste Facility in
2006




                                              Figure 9.         Neighborhood cleanup events
                                                   (Photos courtesy of Constance Tate)




5. Spill prevention, containment, and response                                                              Permit Ref. III.7.e
                                                                                                            Status: Ongoing




Final                                                                         48                                                     12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                    Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                        May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



         The City’s Hazardous Materials Division (HazMat 71) responded to 400 spill/leak
incidents between May 2006 and April 2007. Approximately 19 percent were attributable to
chemical spills or leaks, 48 percent of the incidents were associated with gasoline or other
flammable liquid spills, 23 percent were related to oil or other combustible liquid spills, ten
percent were due to flammable gas or liquid conditions, and less than one percent was from
refrigeration leaks. The Public Safety Section of the Information Technology Department keeps
track of the spill incidents to which the Hazardous Material Division has responded.


6. Public education                                                          Permit Ref. III.7. f
                                                                             Status: Ongoing

         In the preparation of the “Stormwater Discharge Control Regulations” Ordinance, the
City went through a process of notifying and educating the public regarding the proposed
ordinance and its requirements. The City posted the draft ordinance on its website along with a
Fact Sheet which was developed to assist in explaining the ordinance and why it was being
developed and how it would affect the public. The Fact Sheet was titled “Important Questions
about the Proposed Ordinance on Illicit Discharges and Connections to the Storm Drainage
System”. The Fact Sheet also was designed to educate the public regarding illicit discharges and
how the daily activities of individuals and businesses can impact water quality. Some of the
common activities the fact sheet addressed were car washing activities, draining swimming pools
and disposing of chemicals. The fact sheet is still posted on our website as a reference for
citizens. Individual letters were sent to the list of significant industrial users inviting them to the
public meeting and notifying them of the proposed ordinance and how it may affect them and
their business operations. The public meeting was held on March 14, 2007. At the meeting a brief
overview of the MS4 Programs was provided including the Illicit Discharge Program. The
proposed ordinance was also reviewed and time was provided for questions and comments from
the attendees. The attendees included private citizens, business representatives and City
Department representatives.
         The City continues to operate its hotline for reporting illicit discharges [(816)513-0550].
For more information on public education, see Discussion 4.4 of this program and Section 5.
STORMWATER PUBLIC EDUCATION AND AWARENESS PROGRAM of this report.


7. Continuing the sanitary sewer maintenance program                         Permit Ref. III.7. g
                                                                             Status: Ongoing

        Table 9 summarizes sanitary sewer maintenance performed by the WSD regarding on a
regular year basis. Additional investigations/rehabilitation/construction work has been conducted:
- The City’s Overflow Control Program in the Round Grove Creek Watershed:
The City started the investigation of the Round Grove sanitary sewer system in 2005. The
majority of the methods typically utilized to identify illicit discharges and connections were used
for investigating the sanitary sewer system. These investigation methods included dye testing,
smoke testing, and video testing. Extensive investigations occurred in 2005 and 2006. The major
scope of the evaluation included, but was not limited to: locating and analyzing manhole and


Final                                             49                                         12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                        Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                            May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



pipeline defects contributing excessive infiltration/inflow (I/I) into the City’s sanitary sewer
system, and locating and analyzing private sector I/I through the use of field inspection activities.


        Table 9.      Sanitary sewers maintenance performance for FY 06/07

                    Maintenance by WSD-System Engineering Division (estimated)
  TV Sanitary sewer        Sewer line cleanup –           Manholes                  Sewer line
       lines                 Debris removed              rehabilitated         rehabilitated/replaced
     573,000 (ft)           1,000 (cubic yard)               326                    58,755 (ft)

                  Emergency response by WSD-System Engineering Division (2006)
                         Number of locations for public main/private repairs: 90

                                  Wastewater Maintenance Division
Sewer televised       Sewer         Public sewer    Private sewer         Manhole         Stoppage
                     cleaned          repaired         repaired           repaired         opened
   53 miles         378 miles           201               253               113              418
   Bad odor investigation           Water in basement call received         New connection inspected
            489                                   1408                                1683



        Some of the activities and associated findings from the evaluation included:
        Approximately 295,000 linear feet of sanitary sewers were smoke tested;
        1,124 manholes were internally inspected;
        2,454 visual pipe or lamping inspections were completed;
        970 structural, and/or maintenance related defects such as roots, deposition, mineral
    deposits, circular cracks and offset joints were identified;
        Approximately 27,600 feet of sanitary sewer were televised;
        2 computerized hydraulic models were developed;
        904 public-sector inflow defects contributing an estimated 5,384 gallons per minute of
    extraneous flow were identified;
        45 private-sector inflow defects contributing an estimated 477 gallons per minute of flow
    were also identified; and
        456 public-sector infiltration defects contributing an estimated 554 gallons per minute of
    flow were identified;
        68 private-sector infiltration defects contributing 205 gallons per minute of flow were
    identified.

        The extensive field investigations performed in this watershed allowed the City to
determine that there were no cross connections to the storm sewer system; however, numerous
maintenance issues were identified which, when corrected, can improve system performance and
reduce I/I in the storm sewer system.




Final                                               50                                            12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                  Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                      May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



- Ruskin Heights Sewer Rehabilitation Project:
         The sanitary sewer system in the project area is approximately 60 years old and had
exceeded its design life. Many portions of the system were structurally compromised and in need
of repair due to cracked pipes, root intrusion, leaking pipe joints, and collapsed pipes.
         This project consisted of the rehabilitation of approximately 54,000 feet of 8 to 15 inch
    VCP (vitrified clay pipe) sewer pipes through the installation of CIPP (Cured-In-Place-Pipe)
    with some open cut sections;
         The project also consisted of the rehabilitation/replacement of 837 service laterals within
    City right-of-way;
         All manholes within the project scope were rehabilitated though the installation of a
    cementitious liner used to both seal and re-establish structural integrity to the manhole.
         The construction of this project was to reduce the amount of inflow and infiltration (I/I)
    into the sanitary sewer system. The project is currently scheduled for completion in early
    2008.

- Rock Creek/Line Creek Pilot Sewer Rehabilitation Project:
         This is a pilot project based on the Nashville Tennessee approach to reduce I/I in a
    specific watershed;
         The project purpose is to rehabilitate existing sewers and manholes for demonstration of
    Infiltration/Inflow (I/I) removal effectiveness;
         The work scope includes replacement of approximately 989 feet of 8-inch and 503 feet of
    10-inch VCP; rehabilitation of approximately 7,431 feet of 8-inch, 668 feet of 10-inch, 588
    feet of 18-inch VCP; rehabilitation of approximately 2,824 feet of 4-inch or 6-inch service
    laterals; installation of approximately 160 feet of 6-inch service lateral; installation of 145
    two-way clean-outs on service laterals; the installation of six new manholes; and
    rehabilitation of 51 existing manholes.
         The design phase started in May 2006 and was completed in December 2006.
         The construction work started in February 2007 and will be completed in December
    2007.

        For both Ruskin Heights Sewer and Rock Creek/Line Creek Pilot Sewer Rehabilitation
Projects, post-construction flow monitoring will be performed to determine the effectiveness of
the rehabilitation in removing I/I from the system.

- Special Assessment Sanitary Sewer (Infill Sewer) Projects: WSD continues implementing
these projects that extend public sewers to developed areas on septic tank systems so that the
owners can replace their septic tanks and connect to the public sewer. During the reporting
period, design work was done on 13 projects, construction was done on nine projects, and
construction was completed on seven projects. The continuous delivery of this service helps to
prevent pollution to the MS4 and surface waterbodies from leaking septic tanks in the developed
but unsewered part of the City.




Final                                           51                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                  Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                       May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Next Steps

      The City will continue to:
- Work out the administrative and field logistics necessary to implement and enforce the
Stormwater Discharge Control Regulations (Illicit Discharge Ordinance);

- Review the regulations to determine if any modifications are necessary;

- Continue the Outfall Reconnaissance Inventory (ORI) with a goal to complete five additional
watersheds during the upcoming permit year. The City has a total of 35 watersheds which cover
approximately 320 square miles. It is our goal to complete the ORI for the 35 watersheds in a
five-year period;

- Conduct the field screening of outfalls located in the identified high-risk areas and continue to
prioritize the remaining watersheds for additional investigations;

- Implement procedures to prevent, contain, and respond to spills that may potentially discharge
into the MS4;

- Educate and train appropriate City staff on the protocol for responding when a spill, illicit
discharge or illegal dumping to the MS4 is observed; and

- Continue its effort with I/I removal from the sanitary sewer system.

        In conjunction with the Special Assessment Sanitary Sewer Program, the City plans to
begin evaluating existing septic tank systems throughout the City and target investigation in high
density areas to determine what impact they may be having on water quality in the area. The City
will begin discussion with the Missouri Department of Transportation regarding coordination
with the agency’s MS4 Permit Requirements and Illicit Discharge Program to address the
discharge of stormwater from roadways within the City for which Missouri Department of
Transportation is responsible.




Final                                           52                                         12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                   Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                       May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




4.8 Reduce Pollutants in Construction Site Runoff

          The Permit requires that the City review and update ordinance(s) as necessary for
compliance with the MS4 Permit. Additionally, Part III.A.8.c of the Permit refers to the “Grading
Ordinance” (e.g. “Stormwater, Erosion and Sediment Control,” Chapter 63) as one of the
pertinent ordinances associated with reducing construction site runoff. The City continues its
effort to seek ways to enhance or clarify the provisions pertinent to the control of construction site
runoff conditions. The City has also adopted the latest version of the BMP manual. Various City
departments that evaluate construction sites and erosion and sediment control continue to track
their site inspections to assure compliance with the Permit conditions.


Program Objectives

The program objectives for this permitting year are to:
       Maintain an effective system to track erosion and sediment control permits on active
   construction sites;
       Inspect active construction sites for compliance with the City’s Erosion and Sediment
   Control Ordinance;
       Provide Inspector Training and outreach to the construction industry; and
       Enforce the City’s Construction Site Runoff Program.


Discussion

1. Erosion and Sediment Control Ordinance review and update                 Permit Ref. III.8.a
                                                                            Status: Ongoing

        The Land Development Division (LDD) proposed several revisions to the ordinance
pertinent to land disturbance, which were presented in the previous annual report. The division
intends to implement the proposed changes in the next fiscal year, which will only affect
“Privately Funded” development project compliance.
        While there were significant updates provided in the previous year, it is understood that
modifications to the ordinance is an ongoing process and the City is continually looking for ways
to enhance or clarify the provisions in:
        Chapter 63, Article II, all Divisions and Sections;
        Related ordinance provisions in Chapter 18, Article I, Section 2, 9, 12, 19 and 21;
        Chapter 62, Article I, Section 12;
        Chapter 48, Article II, Division I, Section 44; and
        Any other ordinance provisions associated with the proper tracking and inspection of
    construction site runoff conditions that assure compliance with the MS4 Permit.




Final                                            53                                         12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                               Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                    May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



2. Maintaining an inventory of active construction sites                Permit Ref. III.8.b
                                                                        Status: Ongoing

         The City completed its critical review of the tracking system, “KIVA,” for use with
active private development construction sites, and determined that all construction sites are
adequately tracked in this single system. During this report period, there were 113 active site
disturbance permits for private development construction sites. The City has other systems for
tracking City Funded construction projects, complaints, and Department projects handled
internally within the specific Departments. The Stormwater Utility Division keeps track of City
department projects that are inspected by specific City departments. There were 26 City-
department projects during the reporting period.


3. Inspecting construction sites                                        Permit Ref. III.8.c
                                                                        Status: Ongoing

         The City has taken progressive enforcement action for sediment and erosion control for
both public and private infrastructure construction projects. Inspections are handled as follows:
- City funded construction projects: Each department uses a checklist for logging sediment and
erosion control inspections. The checklist incorporates elements, such as evaluating BMP
implementation, and reviewing the SWPPPs, as required by the Permit. For the projects managed
by Capital Improvements Management Office (CIMO), the inspection process is additionally
governed by the contract documents and project specifics. Weekly inspections and inspections
after 0.5" of rain were carried out on all CIMO’s strormwater and sanitary sewer improvement
projects. Construction projects including bridge, roadway and streetscape projects are inspected
for compliance with the SWPPP in the project manual. Over 2,500 SWPPP Reports were filed.

- Privately funded construction projects (≥ 1 acre): The LDD is responsible for inspection of
Site Disturbance Permits. Significant progress has been made regarding the documentation of
inspection. During this report period, the LDD inspection staff documented a full year of
biweekly compliance monitoring. The documentation was incorporated into the KIVA permit
tracking system. Inspection comments in KIVA are available to the public through the KIVANET
web site. There were 3,745 inspections of Site Disturbance Permits on “Privately Funded”
development projects performed during this reporting period.

4. Providing inspector training and outreach to                         Permit Ref. III.8.d
   the construction industry                                            Status: Ongoing

        The City provided both in-house and outside trainings on sediment and erosion control to
its construction field inspectors, project managers, environmental staff, and pertinent
management personnel. Table 10 provides information on some of the trainings provided to the
City employees involved with inspecting active construction sites.
        Training for the construction industry or the regulated community in general was
primarily conducted through a series of workshops jointly sponsored by the Mid-American



Final                                             54                                    12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                      Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                          May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Regional Council and the American Public Works Association. Additionally, City officials
reached out to the development industry, including the Home Builders Association, through
Development Advisory Committee meetings by presenting the proposed or newly adopted
standards pertaining to erosion control and compliance on construction projects. Topics covered
during the reporting period included: Erosion & Sediment Control, Progress on Coded Options,
and Adoption of New APWA Standards.


Table 10. A summary of other City employee training on erosion and sediment control

Training Providers     Content                           Dates      # of City Work background of
                                                                    attendees City attendees
WSD-Stormwater         How to perform field              June 2,       20        Representative for
Utility Division       inspection for land disturbance   2006                    resident construction
                       activities, State NPDES permit                            projects
                       requirement, City MS4 permit
                       requirement.
CIMO (Capital          How to perform field              January      25         Field construction
Improvement            inspection for silt fence.        25, 2007                inspectors, construction
Management Office) -                                                             managers, group leaders
Construction
Management Group

ASP Enterprises and    Green Building, LEED,             February     15         Project Manager,
Three Rivers Chapter   Vegetation Management and         7, 2007                 Construction
IECA                   the fundamentals of erosion                               Inspectors,
                       and sediment control, Causes                              Construction Managers
                       and effects of erosion and best
                       management practices and
                       applications of erosion control
                       technologies




5. Enforcement of the City’s Construction Site Runoff Program                 Permit Ref. III.8.e
                                                                              Status: Ongoing

        The City has continued to take steps to improve its enforcement of Codes and Ordinances
and compliance with the MS4 permit. The LDD Inspection staff follows a protocol for escalated
enforcement actions or steps. The permittee is contacted regarding site deficiencies. Comments
associated with the inspection are placed in KIVA. Certified letters are submitted to pertinent
personnel stating deficiencies and performance requirements for compliance including days
allowed for resolution. Citations are issued when compliance issues are not resolved in a timely
manner. During the reporting period, the LDD inspection staff sent 46 certified letters stating
deficiencies and modifications necessary for compliance.




Final                                               55                                         12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                 Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                     May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Next Steps

        In the coming year, the City will:
- Continue to look for ways to enhance or clarify the ordinance associated with the proper
tracking and inspection of construction site runoff conditions;

- Continue to update the inventory of the active construction sites;

- Continue to perform inspections of sediment and erosion control for both public and private
construction projects;

- Continue to promote and provide relevant training to construction inspectors to assure they are
familiar with protocols and requirements needed to support compliance; and

- Continue to take steps to improve the enforcement of Code and Ordinances and compliance
with the Permit.




Final                                            56                                       12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                   Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                       May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




     5. STORMWATER PUBLIC EDUCATION AND AWARENESS PROGRAM

         Stormwater public education is a key element of many of the programs conducted by the
City and is required under the MS4 stormwater permit. To facilitate its implementation and to
underscore its significance, the City has extracted the public education requirements throughout
the Permit, and consolidated them into this Stormwater Public Education and Awareness
Program. However, each program mentioned here still takes responsibility for its own technical
training (such as construction inspector training), but is able to use this program as a resource for
its outreach and educational requirements and needs.


Internal City education

- The Evolving Stormwater Management Standards Workshop: 92 staff from various City
departments attended the workshop held in October 2006. As part of the training from the KC-
ONE Program, the workshop informed staff on how to implement the new APWA 5600
Standards and BMP Manual.
- “Storm Watch”: This DVD was designed by EXCAL VISUAL for Municipal Stormwater
pollution prevention training. The Office of Environmental Quality, with the support from the
WSD, has started to incorporate this DVD into the Environment Orientation Training which is
required for all City employees under the Administrative Regulation (AR) 1-19 (Environmental
Stewardship). To date, more than 110 employees at eight sessions have watched the video.

- Erosion and Sediment Control for Construction Activities: The City continued its internal
training for relevant staff including project managers, construction inspectors, and construction
managers. See Program 8 for more details.

- Land Development Code and Stream Setback Ordinance: The City Planning and Development
Department held five presentations for the revised Land Development Code and Stream Setback
Ordinance. There were 176 attendees including City staff from various departments, developers,
neighborhood groups, etc.


Public outreach

- WSD served as a regional leading stakeholder for the Missouri River Watershed Event.
        This is a two-state, seven-county KC Metro regional event. The Festival fosters
awareness and elicits behavioral changes in youth regarding non-point source pollution (NPS)
throughout the Metropolitan Kansas City region. Festival goals are: 1) to educate participants
about NPS pollution; 2) to emphasize behavioral changes by demonstrating how an action in one
part of the watershed can affect the entire region; 3) to demonstrate how critical thinking in
system analysis can lead to effective problem solving and decision making, and to teach about
widespread repercussions of individual actions and allow the participants to apply these concepts
to many aspects of their daily lives; and 4) to improve participants potential to become effective,


Final                                            57                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                 Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                     May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



critical thinking members of society who will pass these values on to peers and children; thereby,
establishing a sustainable environmental ethic.

        Activities included:
        Holding a Rain Barrel Art Contest among four schools from around the region.
    The students painted rain barrels with a water quality or environmental theme (Figure 10);
        Co-sponsoring and facilitating over thirty educational exhibits on water-quality related
    topics; and
        Rallying nearly 750 students from the region to attend the event.




        Rain Barrel Art Contest                          Clean river – Frogs and Rats United


Figure 10. Public education activities during the Missouri River Watershed Event


- City Continues to support the Blue River Rescue Event.

         The City’s Parks & Recreation, Public Works and Water Services Departments, the
Missouri Stream Team, and other regional/local agencies and organizations continues to
participate in the Blue River Rescue. The City departments provided facilities, equipment,
expertise, and assistance with program coordination. More than 380 volunteers, from all parts of
the community, participated in this event in March 2007 (Figure 11). Nearly 100 tons of trash,
including abandoned cars and appliances, and over 500 tires were removed from the river banks.
In addition to site clean-up, the volunteers planted over 300 tree seedlings in the riparian areas.




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Kansas City, MO                                                                Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                    May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




        Volunteers registration                                  Clean up the riparian
Figure 11. Blue River Rescue 2007


- The Neighborhood Cleanup Assistance Program Continues to Grow
      Neighborhood Cleanup Assistance
         This fiscal year is the fourth year of this ever changing program. Public education and
outreach plays a vital role in its success. The program continues to expand its partnership with
concerned citizens, neighborhood organizations, volunteer groups and businesses to achieve its
goal for a clean Kansas City. During the reporting period, there were 151 neighborhood
associations that participated in the neighborhood cleanups, and 202 neighborhood associations
that were involved in the tire collection events. The residents are made aware of possible
partnerships, resources, and other relevant information to help clean and maintain the designated
areas. Neighborhoods are encouraged to contact and form partnerships with neighbors as well as
other individuals or groups willing to assist in any way. This program allows participants to gain
first hand knowledge of programs, groups and City services, and the City’s availability to assist
with cleaning and maintenance to assure environmentally clean, safe, and aesthetically pleasing
neighborhoods.

- WSD’s On Tap Video Events
         These videos are produced by the Water Services Department, Marketing and Public
Relations and City Communications, with the goal to educate residents about how they can be
better water stewards. During the reporting period, four shows were produced covering topics
such as Rain Barrels/Hazardous Waste, Toilet Leaks/NPS Pollution, Leaves/Weatherization, Rain
Gardens/Watershed Fest. Each show was aired through the City’s government channel (KCCG-
TV2) to cable subscribers (on line or in the city) twice a day for six weeks. The archived videos
can be accessed at:
http://kansascity.granicus.com/ViewPublisher.php?view_id=19




Final                                          59                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                 Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                     May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



- WSD leads in the 10,000 Rain Garden Initiative
         Everyone is part of the solution to protect the quality of the City’s surface water. With
this belief, the 10,000 Rain Gardens Initiative continues to reach out to general public groups,
professionals, gardening enthusiasts, and Rain Garden representatives (expert volunteers), using a
variety of tactics, including workshop presentation, e-newsletters, web site content and media
outreach.

         27 presentations were provided to the general public including two given to professionals
    and five residential rain garden workshops; estimated attendees >3,000; see Figure 12;
         Five e-newsletters issues were disseminated; >1,000 persons reached per issue;
         Web site visits: 130,000 (http://www.rainkc.com), averaging 2,500 visits per week;
         Three seasonal media campaigns with a cumulative reach of 10.4 million; and
         Registered rain gardens: 253 (Figure 12); and registered rain barrels: 187.
         Instructional BMP brochures designed by professional landscape architects were
    distributed to the public (Figure 13; Attachment 5).

                  To find out the program progress, visit http://www.rainkc.com

                                              Let’s plant a garden – Boy Scout Troop 865
                                              planted a garden as a community service
                                              project (Photo by Independence Examiner)



                                          Figure 12. The 10,000 Rain Gardens Initiative in
                                          Action – Planting Experience




Final                                          60                                          12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                        Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                             May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




Figure 13. The 10,000 Rain Gardens Initiative in Words – Educational Brochures
(Courtesy of ASTRA Enterprises)


- “Waterlines” bill inserts:
        The WSD Marketing group continues to distribute bill inserts with water-quality
educational content to over 185,000 customers bi-monthly. The topics covered during the
reporting period included: Study reveals stormwater contaminant sources are numerous;
UMKC (University of Missouri-Kansas City) disconnects downspouts; Wet Weather Solutions


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Kansas City, MO                                                                        Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                            May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Program; Basin Coordinating Committees begin meeting; Department completes stream asset
inventory; 2007 Grow Native! Landscape Challenge Kansas City Style; “On Tap”; Dr. H 0
                                                                                     2
debut on Channel 2; etc (See Attachment 4).

- WSD’s Wet Weather Solutions Program focuses on public education and public
involvement
         The Wet Weather Solutions Program held:
         11 monthly community panel meetings;
         48 Basin Coordinating Committee Meetings & Wet Weather Fairs;
         Wet Weather Solutions Program Road Show Presentations for:
             44 presentations to approximately 950 people;
             19 Neighborhood groups;
             2 Basin Breakfast Meetings;
             11 City Departments or Commissions/Boards; and
             10 Civic Organizations or Groups.
         Water Quality Press Conference on World Water Quality Monitoring Day
         An electronic “e-blast” sharing information regarding wet weather issues, which was
    distributed to approximately 500 people on 30 different topics.

http://www.kcmo.org/water.nsf/web/defaultww?opendocument


- WSD has been a leading stakeholder for the Regional Water Quality Public Education
Program
        The water quality public education program, initiated by the Mid American Regional
Council, is a comprehensive approach to raising public awareness about watershed issues and
water quality in the Kansas City region. Major accomplishments this year include:

        Soil Testing:
             Distributed over 470 soil test kits;
             Developed “How to take a soil test” brochure and printed 10,000 brochures for distribution;
             Supported 100 public radio sponsorships;
             Published 8 printed ads in the Kansas City Star reaching 685,200 daily readers; and
             Developed 2 kansascity.com web ads reaching 1,043,000 registered monthly readers, with 22
        million page views per month.

        Native Plants:
             Provided two rain garden train-the-trainer events (one for 45 Parks and Recreation staff, and
        the other for 25 Master Gardeners);
             Distributed 75 rain garden packets;
             Printed 10,000 “10 Natives for Kansas City” posters for distribution; and
             Distributed over 200 native plant plugs to participants of “Party for the Planet” Earth Day
        celebration.

        Pet Waste:
            Purchased 147 pet waste bag dispensers for local municipalities;
            Developed and purchased over 150 NPS based signage for pet waste bag dispensers.




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Kansas City, MO                                                                     Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                         May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



        Storm Drain Stewardship:
            Developed a “No dumping leaves in the stormdrain” print ad for the Kansas City Star, the
        local daily newspaper; and
            Estimated impressions: 4 ads reaching over 500,000 readers.

        Brochure Translations:
            Translated 15 past brochures into Spanish and printed 30,000 brochures;
            Examples of these brochures include: How to Build a Rain Garden, Use Lawn Chemicals
        Wisely, and Wash your Car the Right Way.


Next Steps

        Several activities are currently underway and will continue through the coming year:
- Training for municipal employees on stormwater protection;

- Facilitating the 2007 Missouri River Watershed Festival;

- Producing and airing the “On Tap” video shows on various nonpoint source pollution topics
through local government cable TV;

- Leading and expanding the 10,000 Rain Garden Initiative;

- Coordinating public involvement in the Wet Weather Program; and

- Supporting various Regional Water Quality Public Education Programs.




Final                                             63                                          12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                 Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                     May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




                  6. WATERSHED MONITORING PROGRAM

        Protecting, restoring, and enhancing stream water quality at levels consistent with the
State of Missouri’s water quality standards are the ultimate goals of the MS4 programs.
Monitoring water quality is a critical component in evaluating achievements associated with these
goals. The City’s watershed monitoring program is comprised of three major elements: (1)
representative stormwater runoff monitoring, (2) in-stream ambient monitoring, and (3) biological
monitoring. Monitoring targets both stormwater discharges and receiving waters. The general
goals of these monitoring programs are to gauge the quality of stormwater discharges from the
MS4, to assess their impact on receiving waters, and to evaluate the effectiveness of best
management practices used to reduce these impacts. The long-term objectives of the program are
to monitor the temporal trend of constituent loadings contributed by stormwater runoff from
representative land uses and to assess the impact of MS4 discharges on receiving waters through
water quality and biological monitoring.


Program Objectives

        The objectives of the program for this permit year were to:
        Characterize stormwater discharge quality from representative land uses;
        Implement a monitoring plan for receiving water quality to assess the MS4 impacts; and
        Implement a biological sampling plan to assess receiving water ecosystem conditions.




Discussion

1. Implement a representative stormwater                                  Permit Ref. VI.A.1
   discharge monitoring plan                                              Status: Ongoing

        The City contracted with MEC Water Resources, Inc. (MEC) for field sampling and
measurement of basic water quality parameters, and PACE Analytical Services, Inc. for physico-
chemical and bacteria analysis. Sampling, as well as quality assurance and quality control
followed the protocols used for the same task in 2005. These protocols were included in the
Appendix section of the previous annual report. Field sites remain the same as listed in the Permit
and specified in the Year One report (Table 11).




Final                                           64                                       12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                     Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                        May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Table 11. Stormwater discharge monitoring outfalls


                                                            Receiving      Conveyance       Drainage
 Site ID      Location           GPS        Land Use
                                                             Stream           Type         Area (acre)

 #801       SE 50th          N39 01.859/    Residential    Round          Open channel         257
            Terrace &        W94 26.869                    Grove Creek
            Sterling
 #802       SE Wyandotte     N38 52.747/    Industrial     Tributary to   54” steel pipe        23
            & 135 Street     W94 35.914                    Blue River

 #803       NW 97            N39 16.919/    Industrial     Brush Creek    48” concrete          46
            Terrace &        W94 40.689                    North          pipe
            Conant
 #804       49th Street &    N39 10.965/    Residential    Rock Creek     48” corrugated        44
            N. Highland*     W94 33.583                                   pipe

 #805       S.Holmes         N38 55.200/    Commercial     Tributary to   Junction box          12
            Road & Minor     W94 35.214                    Blue River
            Drive
 #806       NW 72nd          N39 14.801/    Commercial     Line Creek     Double box            60
            Street & I-29    W94 39.142                                   concrete
                                                                          culvert


* The actual sampling point is approximately 2,000 ft upstream from 49th St. & N. Highland. It
allows capturing stormwater runoff primarily from residential neighborhoods, and avoids
significant runoff contribution from the impervious surface at a nearby school.

         The City planned to complete the monitoring requirement prior to the end of this
reporting period. The majority of the sampling was conducted between February and April 2007.
Due to the unpredictable nature of Midwest storms, the sampling work went into late June. When
this report was being prepared, all the field data and lab testing results were available for analysis,
and are thus presented here.
         Table 12 includes the number of storm events sampled at each site as well as the ranges
of rainfall at these sites. These events ranged from 0.2 inch to 8.1 inches of rain, and had a
relatively even distribution (Figure 14). Runoff from the sampled storm events ranged from 9,700
to 438,500 cubic feet and was estimated based on the storm magnitude and the size and land use
of the drainage areas.




Final                                             65                                         12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                     Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                         May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Table 12. Summary of sampled storm event characteristics

                                           Number           Range of
                                                                              Range of Runoff c
    Site ID           Location            of Storms         Rainfall
                                                                            (cubic feet, estimated)
                                          Sampled             (in)
                 SE 50th Terrace &
     #801                                    3             0.51 – 0.83 a      157,000 – 255,500
                      Sterling
                SE Wyandotte & 135
     #802                                    3             0.83 – 8.08 a      45,000 – 438,500
                      Street

     #803     NW 97 Terrace & Conant         3             0.46 – 1.48 b      57,600 – 185,300

     #804     49th Street & N. Highland      3             0.24 – 2.05 a      12,600 – 108,000

              S.Holmes Road & Minor
     #805                                    3             0.37 – 0.73 b        9,700 – 19,100
                      Drive

     #806      NW 72nd Street & I-29         3             0.38 – 1.49 a      49,700 – 194,700


a
  The rainfall data was cited from the existing closest rain gauges for the City’s Flood Warning
System (FWS):
         #801 – FWS 4080 at Blue Ridge and Ray Town Rd., about 8,300 ft to the northwest of
                 the site;
         #802 – FWS 2300 Kenneth Rd. and Blue Ridge Rd., approximately 14,000 ft away;
         #804 – FWS 3940, approximately 10,100 ft northwest of the station;
         #806 – FWS 3880, 64th St. and Prairie View Rd. approximately 13,700 ft southwest of
                 the station.
b
  The rainfall amount was measured by the rain gauge at the corresponding sampling location.
* Runoff volume is estimated based on rainfall, drainage area, and runoff coefficient, i.e., Volume
= Rainfall * Drainage Area * Runoff Coefficient. Runoff coefficients (land-use dependent) are
cited from Civil Engineers Reference Manual 9th Edition, Page A-45.




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Kansas City, MO                                                                   Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                        May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




                              8


                              6

                  Frequency
                              4


                              2


                              0
                                  0.1-0.5        0.5-1.0     1.0-1.5     >1.5
                                            Precipitation range (inch)

Figure 14.   Distribution of sampled storm events

         Three storm events were monitored at each of the six outfalls. For each event, one to
three discrete samples, depending on the duration of the rainfall, were taken in one-hour intervals
for the first three hours. Each sample was collected in a separate 2.5 gallon glass jar and analyzed
individually. The purpose for collecting discrete samples was to track the pollutant concentration
change over the course of a storm event.
         Sample collection utilized Isco 6712 FR samplers (Figure 15). Each sampler was housed
in a steel structure and coupled with a solar panel, rain gauge, an Isco 720 Submerged Probe Flow
Module, and a digital cell modem. Sample collection was triggered by the set water depth of the
flow stream as measured by the probe and monitored through cellular communication. The Isco
FlowLink software was used to facilitate data retrieval and reporting.




Final                                                  67                                   12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                    May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




Figure 15.   Isco 6712 FR samplers used for stormwater runoff monitoring

         In situ rain gauges allow accurate measurement of precipitation. However, several
sampling events occurred before the installation of the rain gauges; and there were different
degrees of canopy overgrowth around the gauges at some sites acrossthe seasons resulting in an
inaccurate record of the precipitation. Hence, data from neighboring gauges in the City’s Flood
Warning System was referenced to estimate the precipitation on site (see notes for Table 12).
         Grab samples collected by the automatic samplers were used to measure temperature,
conductivity, pH, dissolved oxygen and turbidity. Each discrete sample was analyzed in the
laboratory for 117 parameters. They included 66 semi-volatile organic compounds, 22 pesticide-
related compounds, 15 metals (dissolved, total), 5 nutrients, and 2 pathogens, in addition to 12
conventional water quality parameters (e.g., hardness, turbidity, phenolics, and oil&grease).
         All field sampling/measurement, sample handling, laboratory analysis, and data
validation followed the Kansas City, Missouri Water Services Department Stormwater Sampling
Plan (June 2005), and Water Quality Monitoring Quality Assurance Project Plan (April, 2005).
These two documents were attached to the 2004-2005 partial year report.

2. Compile a GIS database for the six sampling stations                  Permit Ref. NA
                                                                         Status: On-going

        The GIS database of the six sampling stations is currently being developed and will
incorporate monitoring results.




Final                                          68                                       12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                  Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                       May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



3. Summary of storm event data                                             Permit Ref. VI.A.1
                                                                           Status: Completed

         Table 13 and Table 14 present a summary of the data characterizing stormwater
discharges for each land-use type. The range of event-mean concentration (EMC) is described as
well as average event-mean concentration according to land-use category. EMC is defined as the
mean concentration of a constituent (in 1-3 discrete samples) in stormwater runoff during a storm
event. The land-use average EMC is the average concentration of a constituent in stormwater
runoff for a specific land-use category.
         Table 15 and Table 16 present the estimated loading results for the monitored storm
events. The pollutant loading is defined as the mass of a constituent (in pounds) contained in
stormwater runoff that is transported to receiving water during a storm event. It is calculated by
multiplying the flow volume and the event-mean concentration of a parameter per event.
         A preliminary analysis of the monitoring results shows the following:
         None of the pesticides required for monitoring by the Permit (i.e., α-BHC, DDT,
    Methoxychlor, and Dieldrin) were detected in any samples;
         Most semi-volatile organic compounds were infrequently detected. Among those detected
    were bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate and carbazole, which were commonly found. The other
    detected parameters are primarily of the group of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).
    Multiple samples contained benzo(a) anthracene, benzo(a) pyrene, benzo(b)fluoranthene,
    chrysene, pyrene, fluoranthene, and phenanthrene; only one sample contained benzo(ghi)
    perylene, or indeno(1,2,3-cd) pyrene. Common nonpoint sources of PAHs in urban
    environments include vehicular emissions, sealcoats (asphalt-based or coal-tar based,
    especially the latter) applied on parking lots, leaking motor oil, tire wear, and atmospheric
    deposition (such as from biomass combustion activities).
         Semi-volatile organic compounds were more common in the samples from commercial
    and industrial areas than those from residential areas;
         For the conventional parameters, samples collected from residential areas commonly
    contained noticeably higher levels (two or more times) than those from commercial or
    industrial areas. These conventional parameters included the following: ammonia, chemical
    oxygen demand (COD), carbonaceous biochemical oxygen demand (CBOD-5), turbidity,
    total suspended solids, nitrate and nitrite, total Kjeldahl nitrogen, total phosphorus, dissolved
    phosphorous, fecal coliform, and E. Coli.
         Similarly, samples collected from residential areas commonly contained noticeably
    higher levels (two or more times) of metals (dissolved or total) than those from commercial
    or industrial areas.

       A more in-depth analysis of the monitoring data will be conducted to evaluate the land
use impact on the quality of stormwater discharges.




Final                                            69                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                          Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                               May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Table 13. Summary of stormwater discharge characterization by land use category – conventional, inorganic, and bacterial parameters

            Constituent                Unit                     Residential                         Commercial                     Industrial
                                                     EMC Range                Average       EMC Range            Average   EMC Range            Average
                                                                               EMC                                EMC                            EMC
Ammonia                                 g/L            320 – 630               412            ND – 310            192       ND – 700             305
Conductivity                            s/cm           170 – 432               266            56 – 725            409       78 – 984             374
Dissolved oxygen                       mg/L            7.5 – 10.5               8.2           4.4 – 12.2           8.5      4.4 – 13.1            9.3
pH                                     S.U.              7.3 – 8.2              7.8           7.2 – 8.6            7.9      7.4 – 8.9             8.2
Hardness                               mg/L              62 – 167              111            27 – 160             76       58 – 280             161
Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)           mg/L
                                                      42.1 – 102.0             59.8          7.4 – 30.80          22.1     24.9 – 73.5           42.3
Carbonaceous Biochemical Oxygen        mg/L
                                                       3.0 – 10.2               7.0           ND – 2.2             1.3      ND – 6.2              3.5
Demand (CBOD-5 days)
Turbidity (field)                      NTU            66.9 – 204.0             137.0          0.0 – 35.1          13.6     24.9 – 147.0          86.9
Total Dissolved Solids                 mg/L            101 – 460               170            22 – 663            227       79 – 953             352
Total Suspended Solids                 mg/L            110 – 747               371            10 – 127             41       18 – 296             152
Nitrate plus Nitrite                    g/L          245.0 – 850.0             560.3          65 – 425            312       ND – 535             311
Nitrogen, total Kjeldahl               mg/L              1.5 – 6.5              3.0           0.4 – 1.3            0.8      0.6 – 2.1             1.3
Oil & Grease                           mg/L              ND – 7.9               2.5           ND – 3.7             1.1      ND – 2.2              1.2
Phenolics, total                       mg/L           0.01 – 0.07              0.04          ND – 0.041           0.015    0.01 – 0.08           0.04
Phosphorus, total                       g/L            330 – 843               619            41 – 217            103       53 – 515             290
Phosphorus, dissolved                   g/L            ND – 800                288            ND – 190             90       60 – 275             169
Fecal Coliform                      Cfu/ 100 ml     5,900 – 192,000           68,683         48 – 18,000          6,316    55 – 14,600           7,065
E. Coli                             Cfu/ 100 ml     2,000 – 116,000           36,311         43 – 14,000          4,507    55 – 14,300           6,359


ND: the parameter is below detection limit;
NA: data is not available due to the concentration of a corresponding parameter below detection limit.




Final                                               70                                              12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                               Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                    May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Table 13. Summary of stormwater discharge characterization by land use category – conventional, inorganic, and bacterial parameters
(-Cont’d)

                Constituent     Unit                 Residential                         Commercial                     Industrial
                                           EMC Range               Average       EMC Range            Average   EMC Range            Average
                                                                    EMC                                EMC                            EMC
Cadmium, dissolved               g/L           ND – 1.7              0.4           ND – 0.2             0.1      ND – ND               NA
Chromium, dissolved              g/L           ND – 4.1              0.9           ND – 2.7             1.5      ND – 4.1              1.8
Copper, dissolved                g/L         2.1 - 24.5              7.1           ND - 6.4             4.0      1.4 - 6.4             4.1
Nickel, dissolved                g/L         ND - 19.4               5.2           ND - 3.9             1.6      ND – 5.6              2.5
Lead, dissolved                  g/L        ND – 63.9               10.7           ND – 2.6             0.4      ND – 3.4              1.0
Silver, dissolved                g/L           ND – 4.3              1.2           ND – 5.3             1.1      ND – 1.7              0.3
Zinc, dissolved                  g/L        8.2 - 272.3             57.7           9.7 – 43.0          21.4      5.7 – 80.5           32.3
Cadmium, total                   g/L           ND - 1.6              0.7           ND - 0.6             0.1      ND - 0.5              0.2
Chromium, total                  g/L         1.6 - 15.7              5.0           ND - 10.7            3.1      2.0 - 12.3            5.7
Copper, total                    g/L         4.9 - 24.1             12.9           ND - 14.5            4.8      3.4 - 17.4            8.3
Mercury, total                   g/L           ND – 0.2             0.08           ND – 0.1            0.04      ND – 0.1             0.03
Nickel, total                    g/L         1.4 - 17.4              7.7           ND – 4.4             1.9      0.9 - 8.7             4.6
Lead, total                      g/L         ND - 61.1              22.7           ND – 8.4             2.5      ND - 13.9             5.1
Silver, total                    g/L         ND – ND                 NA            NA – 4.2             1.1      NA – 4.8              0.8
Zinc, total                      g/L        48.5 - 448.0            169.0        16.9 - 165.93         54.3     44.5 - 127.7          70.7




Final                                     71                                             12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                            Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Table 14. Summary of stormwater discharge characterization by land use category – selected pesticides and semi-volatile
organic compounds
            Constituent         Unit           Residential              Commercial                    Industrial         Detection
                                                                                                                         (total: 32)
                                       EMC Range        Average   EMC Range      Average     EMC Range         Average
                                                         EMC                      EMC                           EMC
 α-BHC                           g/L      ND              NA          ND           NA            ND              NA           0
 DDT                             g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0
 Methoxychlor                    g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0
 Dieldrin                        g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0

 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene          g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0

 1,2-Dichlorobenzene             g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0

 1,3-Dichlorobenzene             g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0

 1,4-Dichlorobenzene             g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0

 2,4,5-Trichlorophenol           g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0

 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol           g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0

 2,4-Dichlorophenol              g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0

 2,4-Dimethylphenol              g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0

 2,4-Dinitrophenol               g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0

 2,4-Dinitrotoluene              g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0

 2,6-Dinitrotoluene              g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0

 2-Chloronaphthalene             g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0

 2-Chlorophenol                  g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0

 2-Methylnaphthalene             g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0

 2-Methylphenol(o-Cresol)        g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0

 2-Nitroaniline                  g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0

 2-Nitrophenol                   g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0

 3,4-Methylphenol(m&p Cresol)    g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0
 3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine          g/L      ND                 NA       ND             NA          ND                NA         0




Final                                      72                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                              Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                 May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Table 14. Summary of stormwater discharge characterization by land use category – selected pesticides and semi-volatile
organic compounds (-cont’d)
             Constituent       Unit           Residential                 Commercial                      Industrial
                                                                                                                              Detection
                                      EMC Range        Average      EMC Range        Average      EMC Range        Average    (total: 32)
                                                        EMC                           EMC                           EMC
 3-Nitroaniline                 g/L      ND              NA             ND             NA            ND              NA             0
 4,6-Dinitro-2-methyl phenol    g/L      ND                 NA          ND              NA           ND                NA           0
 4-Bromophenyl phenyl ether     g/L      ND                 NA        ND - 1.9         0.16          ND                NA           1
 4-Chloro-3-methyl phenol       g/L      ND                 NA          ND              NA           ND                NA           0
 4-Chloroaniline                g/L      ND                 NA          ND              NA           ND                NA           0
 4-Chlorophenyl phenyl ether    g/L      ND                 NA          ND              NA           ND                NA           0
 4-Nitroaniline                 g/L      ND                 NA          ND              NA           ND                NA           0
 4-Nitrophenol                  g/L      ND                 NA          ND              NA           ND                NA           0
 Acenaphthene                   g/L      ND                 NA          ND              NA           ND                NA           0
 Acenaphthylene                 g/L      ND                 NA          ND              NA           ND                NA           0
 Anthracene                     g/L      ND                 NA          ND              NA           ND                NA           0
 Benzo(a) anthracene            g/L      ND                 NA        ND - 1.0         0.08        ND - 3.4            0.48         3
 Benzo(a) pyrene                g/L      ND                 NA        ND - 1.5         0.13        ND - 4.7            0.65         3
 Benzo(b) fluoranthene          g/L    ND – 7.9             0.99      ND - 7.5         1.48        ND - 11.6           1.58         7
 Benzo(ghi) perylene            g/L      ND                 NA          ND              NA         ND - 3.6            0.3          1
 Benzo(k)fluoranthene           g/L      ND                 NA          ND              NA           ND                NA           0
 Benzoic acid                   g/L      ND                 NA          ND              NA           ND                NA           0
 Benzyl alcohol                 g/L      ND                 NA          ND              NA           ND                NA           0
 Butyl benzyl phthalate         g/L      ND                 NA          ND              NA           ND                NA           0
 Carbazole                      g/L    ND - 1.6             0.20      ND - 2.8         0.50        ND - 2.4            0.32         6
 Chrysene                       g/L    ND - 4.8             0.60      ND - 5.1         0.85        ND - 6.9            0.94         6
 Di-n-butyl phthalate           g/L      ND                 NA          ND              NA           ND                NA           0
 Di-n-octyl phthalate           g/L      ND                 NA          ND              NA           ND                NA           0




Final                                     73                                           12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                              Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                  May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Table 14. Summary of stormwater discharge characterization by land use category – selected pesticides and semi-volatile
organic compounds (-cont’d)
            Constituent         Unit           Residential                Commercial                      Industrial          Detection
                                                                                                                              (total: 32)
                                       EMC Range        Average     EMC Range      Average     EMC Range           Average
                                                         EMC                        EMC                             EMC
 Dibenz(a,h)anthracene           g/L      ND              NA            ND           NA              ND              NA             0

 Dibenzofuran                    g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA            ND                NA           0

 Diethyl phthalate               g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA            ND                NA           0

 Dimethyl phthalate              g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA            ND                NA           0

 Fluoranthene                    g/L    ND - 8.4             1.05    ND - 12.9       2.39          ND -18.1            2.66         9

 Fluorene                        g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA            ND                NA           0

 Hexachloro-1,3-butadiene        g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA            ND                NA           0

 Hexachlorobenzene               g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA            ND                NA           0

 Hexachlorocyclopentadiene       g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA            ND                NA           0

 Hexachloroethane                g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA            ND                NA           0

 Indeno(1,2,3-cd) pyrene         g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA          ND -3.3             0.28         1

 Isophorone                      g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA            ND                NA           0

 N-Nitrosodi-n-propylamine       g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA            ND                NA           0

 N-Nitrosodiphenylamine          g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA            ND                NA           0

 Naphthalene                     g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA            ND                NA           0

 Nitrobenzene                    g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA            ND                NA           0

 Pentachlorophenol               g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA            ND                NA           0

 Phenanthrene                    g/L    ND -3.2              0.40     ND -8.2        1.38          ND - 9.5            1.40         7

 Phenol                          g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA            ND                NA           0

 Pyrene                          g/L    ND - 6.7             0.84     ND - 9.7       1.83          ND -13.6            1.84         7

 bis(2-Chloroethoxy)methane      g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA            ND                NA           0

 bis(2-Chloroethyl) ether        g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA            ND                NA           0

 bis(2-Chloroisopropyl) ether    g/L      ND                 NA         ND             NA            ND                NA           0

 bis(2-Ethylhexyl) phthalate     g/L      ND                 NA      ND -17.1        2.80          ND - 46.0           6.08        10




Final                                      74                                          12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                        Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                             May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Table 15. Estimated pollutant loadings by land use category – conventional, inorganic, and bacterial parameters

           Constituent         Unit                     Residential                                  Commercial                            Industrial

                                             Range                    Average              Range                Average        Range                    Average

Ammonia                        Kg           0.2 – 3.0                    1.4              NA - 1.7                0.5         NA - 1.6                    0.7
Chemical Oxygen Demand         Kg
                                            20 – 453                    241                3 – 157                57          42 – 361                   162
(COD)
Carbonaceous Biochemical       Kg
                                           3.5 – 51.4                   24.0             NA – 10.3                2.8        NA – 45.9                   14.0
Oxygen Demand (CBOD-5 days)
Total Dissolved Solids         Kg          38 – 3,327                    861             12 – 2,795               721       101 – 2,668                  1,127
Total Suspended Solids         Kg          94 – 3,320                  1,484               5 -535                 130        162 – 527                   367
Nitrate plus Nitrite           Kg           0.2 – 6.1                    2.4              0.04 – 2.3              0.8         NA – 2.5                    1.2
Nitrogen, total Kjeldahl       Kg          1.2 – 28.9                   11.3               0.1-6.3                2.0         1.6 – 9.4                   4.4
Oil & Grease                   Kg          NA – 57.1                    14.1             NA – 15.6                3.8         NA – 5.8                    3.1
Phenolics, total               Kg          0.02 – 0.29                  0.11             NA – 0.23                0.05       0.02 – 0.31                 0.14
Phosphorus, total                  g       193 – 5,497                 2,437             22 - 1,196               273       147 – 2,979                  1,213
Phosphorus, dissolved              g       NA - 2,749                  1,086             NA – 1,047               319        76 – 2,278                  811
                               6
Fecal Coliform                10 CFU   117,713 – 8,533,766            2,925,383        2,004 – 121,263          45,538    1,540 – 1,812,435             427,571
                               6
E. Coli                       10 CFU   88,893 – 7,178,733             1,514,337        1,793 -115,751           37,949    1,540 – 1,340,705             345,883

Cadmium, dissolved                 g        NA – 5.2                     1.5              NA – 0.9                0.3        NA – NA                      NA
Chromium, dissolved                g       NA – 12.5                     3.4             NA – 11.4                3.7        NA – 21.2                    5.8
Copper, dissolved                  g       1.4 – 74.9                   23.1             NA – 21.1                8.1        4.6 – 27.5                  12.9
Lead, dissolved                    g       NA – 195.4                   32.6             NA – 14.5                2.4        NA – 12.6                    2.8
Nickel, dissolved                  g       NA – 59.3                    15.1             NA – 13.6                3.7        NA – 29.1                    9.0
Silver, dissolved                  g        0 – 26.6                     5.4                0 -7.5                1.6          0 – 8.7                    1.4




Final                                           75                                                   12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                   Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                        May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Table 15. Estimated pollutant loadings by land use category – conventional, inorganic, and bacterial parameters ( - cont’d)

Zinc, dissolved                 g           NA-832.6              190.2             2.6 – 236.8          63.4    9.2 – 344.5    131.2
Cadmium, total                  g           NA – 11.6               3.2              NA – 2.6             0.5      NA-1.3        0.4
Chromium, total                 g          0.6 – 113.6             27.2             NA – 45.1            10.7     2.5 – 35.4    19.8
Copper, total                   g          2.7 – 174.3             57.4             NA – 61.3            15.2     7.3 – 41.6    25.5
Mercury, total                  g           NA – 1.1                0.3              NA – 0.2             0.1     NA – 0.2       0.1
Nickel, total                   g           2.0 – 74.5             30.3             NA – 18.3             5.8     3.4 – 27.0    13.1
Lead, total                     g          NA – 285.7              98.7             NA – 35.2            10.8    NA – 27.0      11.8
Silver, total                   g           NA – NA                NA                NA – 4.0             1.3     NA – 7.7       1.3
Zinc, total                     g         27.6 – 3,240.5          837.3             6.1 – 699.6          168.2   83.3 – 577.2   243.9


ND: the specific parameter is below detection limit;
NA: data is not available due to that the concentration of a corresponding parameter is below detection limit.




Final                                           76                                           12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                  Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                       May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Table 16. Estimated pollutant loadings by land use category         – selected pesticides and semi-volatile organic compounds

            Constituent          Unit                 Residential                 Commercial                  Industrial        Detection
                                                                                                                                (total: 32)
                                             Range             Average        Range       Average       Range        Average
 α-BHC                            g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0
 DDT                              g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0
 Methoxychlor                     g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0
 Dieldrin                         g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0

 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene           g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0

 1,2-Dichlorobenzene              g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0

 1,3-Dichlorobenzene              g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0

 1,4-Dichlorobenzene              g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0

 2,4,5-Trichlorophenol            g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0

 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol            g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0

 2,4-Dichlorophenol               g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0

 2,4-Dimethylphenol               g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0

 2,4-Dinitrophenol                g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0

 2,4-Dinitrotoluene               g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0

 2,6-Dinitrotoluene               g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0

 2-Chloronaphthalene              g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0

 2-Chlorophenol                   g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0

 2-Methylnaphthalene              g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0

 2-Methylphenol(o-Cresol)         g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0

 2-Nitroaniline                   g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0

 2-Nitrophenol                    g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0

 3,4-Methylphenol(m&p Cresol)     g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0
 3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine           g              ND                 NA          ND           NA          ND                NA        0




Final                                       77                                             12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                               Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                    May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Table 16. Summary of stormwater discharge characterization by land use category – selected pesticides and semi-volatile
organic compounds (-cont’d)

             Constituent        Unit              Residential                  Commercial                   Industrial
                                                                                                                               Detection
                                         Range             Average          Range      Average        Range          Average   (total: 32)

 3-Nitroaniline                  g           ND                 NA           ND           NA           ND                NA         0
 4,6-Dinitro-2-methyl phenol     g           ND                 NA           ND           NA           ND                NA         0
 4-Bromophenyl phenyl ether      g           ND                 NA         ND – 5.0       0.8          ND                NA         1
 4-Chloro-3-methyl phenol        g           ND                 NA           ND           NA           ND                NA         0
 4-Chloroaniline                 g           ND                 NA           ND           NA           ND                NA         0
 4-Chlorophenyl phenyl ether     g           ND                 NA           ND           NA           ND                NA         0
 4-Nitroaniline                  g           ND                 NA           ND           NA           ND                NA         0
 4-Nitrophenol                   g           ND                 NA           ND           NA           ND                NA         0
 Acenaphthene                    g           ND                 NA           ND           NA           ND                NA         0
 Acenaphthylene                  g           ND                 NA           ND           NA           ND                NA         0
 Anthracene                      g           ND                 NA           ND           NA           ND                NA         0
 Benzo(a) anthracene             g           ND                 NA         ND – 1.1       0.2        ND - 3.4            0.6        3
 Benzo(a) pyrene                 g           ND                 NA         ND - 1.6       0.3        ND - 4.6            0.8        3
 Benzo(b) fluoranthene           g      ND – 57.1               9.5       ND – 18.3       3.1        ND - 11.1           1.9        7
 Benzo(ghi) perylene             g           ND                 NA           ND           NA         ND – 1.7            0.3        1
 Benzo(k)fluoranthene            g           ND                 NA           ND           NA           ND                NA         0
 Benzoic acid                    g           ND                 NA           ND           NA           ND                NA         0
 Benzyl alcohol                  g           ND                 NA           ND           NA           ND                NA         0
 Butyl benzyl phthalate          g           ND                 NA           ND           NA           ND                NA         0
 Carbazole                       g      ND - 11.6               1.9        ND – 7.6       1.3        ND – 1.8            0.3        6
 Chrysene                        g      ND - 34.7               5.8       ND – 12.4       2.1        ND - 6.6            1.1        6
 Di-n-butyl phthalate            g           ND                 NA           ND           NA           ND                NA         0
 Di-n-octyl phthalate            g           ND                 NA           ND           NA           ND                NA         0




Final                                   78                                              12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                     May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Table 16. Summary of stormwater discharge characterization by land use category – selected pesticides and semi-volatile
organic compounds (-cont’d)

            Constituent         Unit              Residential                    Commercial                Industrial          Detection
                                                                                                                               (total: 32)
                                         Range             Average           Range       Average       Range       Average

 Dibenz(a,h)anthracene           g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 Dibenzofuran                    g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 Diethylphthalate                g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 Dimethylphthalate               g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 Fluoranthene                    g      ND – 60.8               10.1       ND - 32.4        5.5       ND -17.3          3.5          9

 Fluorene                        g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 Hexachloro-1,3-butadiene        g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 Hexachlorobenzene               g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 Hexachlorocyclopentadiene       g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 Hexachloroethane                g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 Indeno(1,2,3-cd) pyrene         g           ND                 NA            ND            NA         ND -1.6          0.3          1

 Isophorone                      g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 N-Nitrosodi-n-propylamine       g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 N-Nitrosodiphenylamine          g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 Naphthalene                     g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 Nitrobenzene                    g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 Pentachlorophenol               g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 Phenanthrene                    g      ND -23.1                3.9         ND -20.4        3.4       ND - 9.2          1.8          7

 Phenol                          g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 Pyrene                          g      ND – 48.5               8.1        ND – 24.5        4.1       ND -13.0          2.2          7

 bis(2-Chloroethoxy)methane      g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 bis(2-Chloroethyl) ether        g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 bis(2-Chloroisopropyl) ether    g           ND                 NA            ND            NA           ND             NA           0

 bis(2-Ethylhexyl) phthalate     g           ND                 NA          ND -9.2         3.3       ND –306.0         59.4        10




Final                                   79                                               12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                   Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                       May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



4. Implement an ambient monitoring action plan                             Permit Ref. VI.B
                                                                           Status: Ongoing

         In 2006, the City developed an In-Stream Ambient Monitoring Program with an
implementation schedule. The program content and the schedule were presented in last year’s
report. Further progress was made during the reporting period including:
- Developing a Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP): To enhance the monitoring program,
the Stormwater Utility Division, with the assistance of LimnoTech, is developing a QAPP. This
QAPP addresses the proper execution of water quality monitoring activities to ensure that the
resulting data is useful, reliable and credible. The final QAPP will be presented in the next report.

- Continuing historical data compilation and review: The Stormwater Utility Division is near its
completion of compiling existing stream water-quality data. Data sources currently include:
        Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Assessment Database,
        EPA’s computerized environmental data system (STORET),
        U.S. Geological Survey On-line Database,
        Missouri State Section 305 (b) Report,
        The City’s Watershed Master Study Plans,
        The City’s Stream Asset Inventory, and
        The City’s Stormwater Runoff Quality Research for the Brush Creek Watershed.

        Data review has been underway while other data sources are still being examined. The
Division intends to obtain a basic understanding of the strengths/weaknesses of existing
monitoring data and existing stream environmental quality and potential water quality problems
based on this data. Additional monitoring needs are being identified and prioritized.

- Update on GIS database: A GIS database is being developed to assist monitoring activities. The
database currently contains the necessary layers including streams, watershed boundaries, contour
lines, zoning data, streets, aerial photos, and storm sewer lines. The database is built using ESRI
ArcMap 9.1. Additionally, the collected water-quality data is being reformatted to be connected
to the GIS database. The objective is to present water-quality information spatially to support
monitoring decisions.

- Preparation for field sampling and laboratory analysis: The Stormwater Utility Division is
beginning to obtain field monitoring kits, coordinate with the laboratory of the Water Services
Department, and conduct field reconnaissance. Field monitoring is slated for the summer of 2007.

5. Develop a biological sampling plan                                      Permit Ref. VI.C.1
                                                                           Status: Complete

         The Stormwater Utility Division, with the assistance of LimnoTech, developed the
Kansas City, Missouri Biological Sampling Program and presented it in the last report. The
purpose of the program is to evaluate the quality of local stream ecosystems. The program will be
further updated as necessary and as appropriate.


Final                                            80                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                               Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                   May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




6. Conduct biological assessment                                        Permit Ref. VI.C.1&2
                                                                        Status: On-going

        The City contracted with the Central Plains Center for BioAssessment (CPCB), at the
University of Kansas to perform the biological monitoring. In accordance with the developed plan
and relevant State standard operating procedures, CPCB conducted field work in mid April 2007.
Streams that were assessed included five urban stream reaches and two control stream reaches.
- Urban streams include:
                East Fork Shoal Creek,
                Line Creek,
                Upper Shoal Creek,
                Rock Creek, and
                Round Grove Creek.

- Control streams include:
                North Brush Creek, and
                A tributary to the Little Blue River.

        Field monitoring included habitat assessment, field water quality testing, and benthic
macroinvertebrate collection. Collected samples will be processed and identified by the CPCB
laboratory. The data results and a report of findings will be presented in the next MS4 annual
report.




Biologist, R. Sarver, from Missouri Department          Sampling team working on Line
of Natural Resources talking with the sampling team     Creek
(Background: North Brush Creek)

Figure 16. Biological sampling in April, 2007




Final                                             81                                    12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                             Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                  May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



Next Steps

- As this Annual Report was being prepared, the Water Services Department was conducting the
current permit year’s Representative Storm Event Monitoring. The Department has developed the
capability to have this task performed by its own staff from now on.

- For the In-Stream Ambient Monitoring program, the Stormwater Utility Division will finish a
compilation and review of existing water-quality data. Additional monitoring needs will be
identified and field work will be slated for the summer of 2007.

- For the Biological Monitoring program, sample processing and identification will be finished
in the summer followed by data analysis and reporting late 2007.




Final                                        82                                       12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                  Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                      May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



             7. OTHER PERMIT REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

7.1 Summary of Implementation Status
        Stormwater Management Programs (SWMP) are being implemented and the status of
each program element has been described in each individual program section of this report. All
the required components are proceeding in accordance with the City’s Permit requirements,
except for the Stormwater Discharge Monitoring program, which was completed about two
months after the end of the reporting period (April 30, 2007). The extension was attributed to
several factors, including overly optimistic planning of the task, a lengthy procurement process
for the sampling equipment, and the conditions at two specific monitoring sites. These factors
were further compounded by the unpredictable nature of Midwest storms, that is, rainfalls of short
duration, insufficient amount, or being widely scattered. Learning from this experience and
understanding the challenges this young program presents, the City has taken steps to plan the
next sampling task efficiently to ensure its timely implementation and thorough compliance with
the Permit requirements.



7.2 Proposed Changes
         During the reporting period, the City re-evaluated the permit conditions in light of its
experience implementing the Permit over the past two years. The City has identified a potential
improvement to the existing Permit conditions. Table VI.A.1.a. in Part VI of the Permit lists six
monitoring locations. At two of these sites – an industrial site, #803 (NW 104th St. & N. Everton
Avenue) and a commercial site, #805 (S. Holmes & Minor Drive), the field sampling crew had
experienced difficulties in collecting samples characteristic of the land use type due to
insufficient runoff. To improve the efficiency in field performance and to better characterize land-
use impacts on water quality, the City is intending to identify two substitute sites. If such a
change is made, the City will send written notification to the Water Pollution Control Program
Permits Section for approval, following the procedures as described in Part III. G. in the Permit.


7.3 Program Effectiveness Evaluation Regarding Water Quality Improvement
          The following presents a preliminary assessment of the City’s Stormwater Management
Programs, based on major outcomes of the relevant programs:
- Green solutions have become one of the key elements in new development and re-
development plans:
          Watershed Master Plans with BMP recommendations are available to both internal staff
    and outside contractors and consultants;
          Stream buffer maps have become a valuable tool in planning and development, though
    still for internal use at this stage;
          Manual of BMPs for Stormwater Quality and APWA Section 5600 containing stream
    buffer zone requirement have been in effect;



Final                                           83                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                   Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                       May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007


        A new element in the zoning ordinance in revision includes water quality protection
    through promoting preservation of open space and resources and conservation development;
    and
        Procedures for BMP maintenance have been enhanced.

- Water quality protection has been incorporated in flood damage reduction projects
        Water quality protection has become an increasingly important element in flood damage
   reduction projects. The City continues to re-evaluate the existing projects to seek applicable
   green alternatives and will design the new projects with strategic water-quality improvement
   measures.

- Industrial awareness of stormwater issues has risen
        There are an increasing number of industrial facilities requesting specific BMP
    information from the City. BMP information requested covers rain gardens, stormwater inlet
    protection devices, secondary containment options, and the template for stormwater pollution
    prevention plans.

- Pesticide usage has been kept at a low level
         The City’s 212 parks are maintained free of insecticides;
         The Nature First Program continues to grow, and more acres of land have been
    converted from turf grass back to native prairie; and
         The Parks and Recreation Department has designated a manager overseeing pesticide
    (fertilizers, herbicides, and insecticides) application practices for all its parks, golf courses,
    and other public landscape areas to meet the Permit requirements.

- There has been a significant effort to reduce I/I (Infiltration/Inflow).
        The WSD targeted several pilot areas in different watersheds to do in-depth sanitary
    sewer system rehabilitation and extension work. Such effort will reduce potential sanitary
    sewer overflows.

- Construction site runoff control has improved
        Sediment and erosion control has been recognized as one of the key points on site
    inspectors’ training agenda; and
        More training has been provided to site inspectors.

- Public education and outreach has expanded significantly
        Stronger programs: For example, Neighborhood Cleanup Assistance Program involved
    151 neighborhood associations in the neighborhood cleanups, and 202 neighborhood
    associations in the tire collection events. The KC Recycle Program now provides services for
    both curbside pickup and drop-off centers.
        More methods: For example, in addition to print media, a City government TV cable
    channel has provided a platform for the City to educate the general public on water quality
    and other environmental issues; The Wet Weather Solutions Program utilized various
    methods to reach out to the public including holding monthly community panel meetings,




Final                                            84                                         12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                                                                                                                                                       Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                                                                                                                                                May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007


                    Basin Coordinating Committee meetings, Wet Weather Fairs in each watershed, road show
                    presentations, and electronic “e-blasts”; and
                         Larger audience: For example, bill inserts are used to reach each residence, Missouri
                    River Watershed festival targets the youth, Wet Weather Fairs were hosted in each watershed
                    for interested citizens, and the web site specially designed for 10,000 Rain Gardens provides
                    information to those interested not limited by the geographic boundary of the City.

        The above-mentioned major outcomes can further be measured by some indirect
indicators. Figure 17 provides data on the Keep Kansas City Beautiful Program, an affiliate of
Keep America Beautiful. This program has continued its success in litter abatement, education
and community awareness efforts. Over the years, the program has maintained a high level of
performance, with the support from a significant number of volunteers from neighborhoods,
businesses, governments, and community organizations.



             9000                                                                                50000                                              2500                                                                             450




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Illegal dumpsites cleaned
                                                                                                 40000                                              2000
                                                                                                                           Litter collected (ton)




             6000                                                                                                                                                                                                                    300
                                                                                                         Volunteer hours
Volunteers




                                                                                                 30000                                              1500


                                                                                                 20000                                              1000
             3000                                                                                                                                                                                                                    150

                                                                                                 10000                                              500


                0                                                                                0                                                    0                                                                              0

                      001         002        003         004         005        006        007
                  0-2         1-2         2-2        3-2         4-2         5-2        6-2                                                                  001        002       003        004        005         006        007
              200         200         200        200         200         200        200                                                                  0-2         1-2       2-2       3-2        4-2         5-2         6-2
                                                                                                                                                     200         200        200       200        200        200         200
                                          Volunteers         Volunteer Hours                                                                                                        Tons          GAC Illegal Dumpsites




                    Left: volunteers and volunteer hours; Right. litter collected and illegal dumpsites cleaned.

                                        Figure 17.                       2000 – 2007 Keep Kansas City Beautiful Program record


         Figure 18 shows the quantity of materials that the Regional Household Hazardous Waste
Collection Program received or processed in the first two quarters of each year since 1997. The
program continues to divert household hazardous waste away from the landfills, streams, and
storm sewers, and has reduced its cost per pound to about $0.70 from an original $3.00.
         In addition to routine machine sweeping performed by the Street and Traffic Division of
Public Works, the City’s other departments/divisions utilize and enhance other existing programs
or other methods to curb urban nonpoint source pollutants to maintain a clean environment.
Examples of these programs include, but are not limited to, Neighborhood Cleanup events, City-
wide curbside and community recycling – KC Recycles, Keep Kansas City Beautiful – Litter
Abatement, Household Hazardous Waste Program, Leaves and Brush Program, and Oil and
Grease Program. Figure 22 illustrates some of the achievements made by the KC Recycle
program from Yr. 2004 to 2007. The effectiveness of these programs has been evidenced by the
improvement of litter index from 2.10 in 2002 to 1.49 in 2007 (Figure 21). Also see Figure 22 for
the spatial distribution of the litter index for both Yr. 2003 and Yr. 2007.



Final                                                                                                                      85                                                                                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                                                                                                                                                    May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




                                                                                                                                                               2nd Quarter: Material/waste processed
                         1st Quarter: Weight of material/waste received

       200,000                                                                                                                     500,000

       160,000                                                                                                                     400,000

       120,000                                                                                                                     300,000
 Lbs




                                                                                                                                 Lbs
        80,000                                                                                                                     200,000

        40,000                                                                                                                     100,000

            0                                                                                                                             0
                      7    8     9    0     1    2    3     4    5     6     7
                 1 9 9 19 9 1 9 9 2 00 2 0 0 2 00 20 0 2 0 0 20 0 2 0 0 2 00                                                                  97        98         99        00        01        02         03        04                              05        06        07
                                                                                                                                         19        19         19        20        20        20         20        20                              20        20        20
                                                                 Year
                                                                                                                                                                                             Year



Figure 18.                  1997 – 2007 Regional Household Hazardous Waste Collection Program –
                           quarterly comparison




                                                                  40000                                                                                                                               35000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Debri collected (cubic yard)
                                            Actual miles swept




                                                                  30000                                                                                                                               30000




                                                                  20000                                                                                                                               25000




                                                                  10000                                                                                                                               20000
                                                                                 0            1            2            3            4            5               6               7
                                                                               /0           /0           /0           /0           /0           /0              /0              /0
                                                                             99           00           01           02           03           04              05              06
                                                                        19           20           20           20           20           20              20             20

                                                                                             Swept miles                                 Debris


                                       Figure 19.                                    1999-2007 Machine Sweeping Program record




Final                                                                                                                       86                                                                                                                                                 12/19/07
  Kansas City, MO                                                                                                                                                         Second Year Report
  Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                                                                                                       May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




                     26,000                                                                                            20,900

                     21,000
                                                                                                                       15,900
                     16,000




                                                                                                                 Ton
               Ton




                                                                                                                       10,900
                     11,000

                                                                                                                        5,900
                      6,000

                      1,000                                                                                              900
                                     2004/05                   2005/06                   2006/07                                2004/05                    2005/06              2006/07

                                 Bulky items collected (ton)             Illegal dumping cleanup (ton)                          Curbside recycling (ton)             Drop-off centers (ton)




                                                         Figure 20.                    2004-2007 KC Recycle program record


               2.5

               2.0
Litter Index




               1.5

               1.0

               0.5
                                                                                                                         Figure 21.            2002-2007 Litter Index record
               0.0
                              2002      2003            2004             2005           2006             2007
                                                                Year




  Final                                                                                                         87                                                                            12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                          Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                               May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007




    Figure 22.    A comparison of City-wide Litter Index between Yr. 2003 and Yr. 2007
                       (provided by Bridging the Gap)




7.4 Data Summary
        The monitoring results for stormwater discharges have been summarized in Section 6.
Watershed Monitoring Program. Both the ambient monitoring and bio-assessment programs for
receiving streams are ongoing. Their results will be summarized in the next annual report.


7.5 Annual Expenditures

         Table 17 provides a breakdown of the cost for the programs/activities that can be
associated with stormwater management.




Final                                       88                                     12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                       Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                          May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007


Table 17. Overall budget for programs/activities supporting stormwater management
effort in FY 06/07 and projection for FY 07/08

               Program/Service                        Funding Source         FY 06/07          FY 07/08
                                                                             (Actual)         (Adopted)
Permit administration – Stormwater Utility         Stormwater Fund               238,4371        217,2331
Division
Ambient monitoring                                 Stormwater Fund                     02         18,7222
Biological monitoring                              Stormwater Fund                 9,1452         26,1302
BMPs in Flood Damage Reduction Projects            Multi Funds3                    60,000         200,000
KC-One city-wide comprehensive                     Stormwater Fund               978,0412      1,542,5612
stormwater master plan
Landfill monitoring                                General Fund                         0         20,0002
Stormwater discharge monitoring                    Stormwater Fund               151,6372        123,8452
Stormwater public education                        Stormwater Fund               138,5002        179,0002
MS4 compliance consulting support                  General Fund                    45,000          40,000
Leave & brush drop-off site operation and          General Fund                    12,786          59,400
maintenance
Leave & brush collection (curbside)                General Fund                   298,210         481,000
Bulky item collection                              General Fund                 2,064,326       1,751,139
Catch Basin Replacement program                    General Obligation and       2,290,272       4,993,275
                                                   Stormwater Funds
Catch basin cleaning & repair (including           Stormwater Fund              3,762,565       3,809,604
other inlets, outfalls, ditches, channels, etc.)
by Stormwater Maintenance Division
Deicing, snow/ice program                          Motor Fuel Tax and           2,929,399       1,200,638
                                                   General Fund
Household hazardous waste program                  Sewer Fund                     898,548       1,160,169
Illegal dumping abatement                          General Fund                   448,359         567,483
KC Recycles (Recycle First) program                General Fund                 3,670,616       3,978,123
Keep Kansas City Beautiful                         General Fund                    25,000          49,500
Land Development Inspection                        Fee Supported                  940,833       2,558,513
Employee Training for Land Development             Fee Supported                    7,016          29,332
Inspection
Levee maintenance                                  Stormwater Fund                12,3502         36,6002
Machine sweeping program                           Motor Fuel Tax and             882,804         835,630
                                                   General Fund
Property acquisition for flood control             PIAC Fund 4                   789,2445         550,000
Special Assessment Sanitary Sewer program          PIAC Fund                      458,255       1,017,542
Spill prevention and control (HazMat Div.)         Cigarette Tax                2,146,697       2,047,378
TOTAL                                                                           23,258,040    23,683,213
1
  The amount only covers staff within the Stormwater Utility Division of WSD at the level of both
management and administration of the programs directly related to the Permit. These programs are:
Ambient monitoring, Biological monitoring, Development plan review for stormwater control and BMPs
(best management practices), High-risk runoff facility inspection/monitoring, Illicit discharges, Land
disturbance inspection for City projects, KC-One, Stormwater discharge monitoring, Stormwater public
education, and Zoning ordinance revision, along with the management of the Permit in general. Fringe
benefit (35%) is also included. The cost of City staff from other divisions and/or other departments
supporting the above programs or managing other MS4 programs (e.g., Land fill inspection/monitoring,
Construction site runoff control at private development sites) is not included.
2
  The listed expense only includes new purchases and/or contract amount. It does not cover either the cost
of staff developing/managing/implementing/assisting this program and their associated trainings, or the



Final                                                 89                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                   Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                        May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007


additional cost of the existing City resources utilized (e.g., vehicles, computers, software programs
including Arc/Map).
3
  Multi funds include PIAC fund4, Energy & Water Approp to Army Corps of Engineers, and Johnson
County, Kansas – Stormwater (SMAC).
4
  PIAC Fund: the Sales Tax through Public Improvements Advisory Committee.
5
  The amount is fair market value of property acquired.


7.6     Activity Summaries – Inspection, Enforcement, and Public Education
        Table 18 summarizes the enforcement, inspection, and public education activities that are
relevant to stormwater issues.


7.7     Water Quality Degradation / Improvements
          Given that Stormwater Management Program implementation is in its early stages and
that limited water quality monitoring has been performed thus far, it is difficult to determine water
quality degradations or improvements. The City is monitoring water quality and assessing
biological condition for receiving streams. As more data become available, the City will be more
able to assess surface water quality. The following activities have had positive impacts on the
surface water quality of the City.

         Over 1 million pounds of household hazardous waste collected, recycled, and properly
         disposed of in 2006;
         Over 2,500 tons of material recovered by stationed community recycling centers, and
         nearly 19,000 tons of material recovered by curbside recycling during FY 2006/07;
         Over 3,000 tons of leaf and brush collected from residential curbside during FY 2006/07;
         Litter index has been maintained at a low level – 1.49 for 2007;
         3,745 sediment /erosion control inspections conducted for >1 acre private development;
         Seven projects constructed, nine projects under construction, and 13 projects designed or
         in design phase for Special Assessment Sanitary Sewer Program;
         Over 130,000 visits to the 10,000 Rain Garden web page;
         More than 3,000 people attended residential rain garden workshops; and
         Over 250 rain gardens and 187 rain barrels registered.

         As a result of these efforts, significant amounts of materials and waste are not getting into
the storm drain system and contaminating our local waterways. Additionally, public attitudes
toward stormwater pollution have changed in a positive way, which can impact behavior in the
long term.




Final                                             90                                        12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                             Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                                  May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007


Table 18. Activity summary – inspection, enforcement, and public education
                                            ENFORCEMENT ACTION
                                        Illegal dumping cases prosecuted: 5±
                              Sediment and erosion control: 46 letters on site deficiency
                                                  INSPECTION
                                              Public detention basin: 5
                                               Catch basin/Inlet: 8,450
                                                        Levee
Missouri River: 22.2 miles                              Blue River: 5.3 miles
                                                  Industrial facility
Municipal facility: 20                                       Private facility: 16
                                         TV sanitary sewer line: 108.5 mile
                                Active construction site (erosion & sediment control)
         City projects                                          Private development
           ≥ 1 acre                   ≤ 1 acre            ≤ 1 acre (Complaint-driven)            > 1 acre
              26a                      10,577                         325                        >3,745
                                    MUTI-MEDIA PUBLLIC EDUCATION
                                  Local efforts – 1: Distribute education material
       Water bill inserts (Rain barrels, etc.)                  Brochures for Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
        >185,000 customers/bi-monthly                              140,000 + 6,000 (KCart Edition)
                 Local efforts – 2: Create and air 4 video shows “On Tap” through a TV channel
            Local effors-3: Community meetings, fairs and presentations for wet weather programs
          Community panel meeting: 11                    44 road show presentations / 950 attendees
                              Basin coordinating committee meetings/fairs: 48

             Regional efforts – 1 Lead sponsoring Missouri River Watershed Event: 750 attendees

                     Regional efforts – 2 Lead sponsoring Keep Kansas City Beautiful
      Volunteer number: 6,390; Hours: 23,600                   Presentation: 7; Attendees: 175

                       Regional efforts – 3 Lead sponsoring Clean Water, Healthy Life
                                                 Soil Testing
       KansasCity.com web ads          Public radio sponsorships   The Kansas City Star (daily newspaper)
       2 ads./1,043,000 readers                   100                      8 ads./685,200 readers
          Native Plants                 Education Brochures                Storm Drain Stewardship
75 rain garden packets distributed Translated 15 past brochures into “No dumping leaves in the stormdrain ”
     2 ads./1,043,000 readers       Spanish / printed 30,000 copies         4 ads./>500,000 readers
“Do You Know What Watershed You Live in” backlit sign: 15 million people (estimated impressions)
                         Regional efforts – 4 Lead sponsoring 10,000 Rain Garden Initiative
    Website visits       Presentations/workshops       Media campaigns (TV, radio)           e-newsletters
      130,000              27>3,000 attendees               3>10 million people         5 issues>5,000 readers
a
  The construction-site database maintained by WSD records 26 City-departmental projects (handled by
individual department on the City-owned property) for the reporting period. Site inspection for sediment
and erosion control was performed by individual responsible department. The actual number is not
available.


Final                                                    91                                            12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                                 Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                                     May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



                           8. FUTURE IMPLEMENTATION

        This report provides a review of the second permit year’s implementation of the Kansas
City, Missouri’s MS4 permit. Referring to other cities’ experiences and lessons in implementing
similar NPDES permits, the City is aware of the challenges that it is facing. The following listing
presents the City’s vision for the near future regarding the permit activities for better managing
stormwater, protecting natural resources, and ensuring full compliance with Permit conditions:

- Continue to provide policy support:
         Enhance/update the existing policies and operating procedures, where applicable, by
    incorporating and promoting the stormwater protection element. For example, through KC-
    ONE, recommended stormwater projects will continue to be reviewed and evaluated for the
    potential of using BMPs to reduce or eliminate the need for the structural solutions; and
         Establish strategic stormwater-related policies. For example, the City currently is
    considering identifying and implementing a higher level of green infrastructure solutions to
    the large investment for solving the City’s sewer and stormwater problems.

- Continue to improve the existing services by focusing on:
        Securing funding;
        Improving the documentation/recording methods and tracking systems;
        Seeking opportunities to incorporate water quality considerations;
        Providing adequate trainings to City inspectors (e.g., construction site inspectors,
    industrial facility inspectors) for stormwater issues;
        Accelerating actions associated with program implementation; and
        Promoting City staff’s awareness on stormwater pollution, especially those whose work
    can directly impact stormwater quality.

- Continue to seek public involvement and promote public outreach:
        Enhance the existing education programs; and
        Seek and create opportunities for further outreach.

- Continue to evaluate the stormwater management programs:
        Evaluate the programs’ progress against the predetermined goals or objective;
        Examine the outcomes and identify appropriate measures or indicators; and
        Use the evaluation results to improve on current practices.

         In summary, the City’s goal is not only to comply with the state and federal regulations
but also to prevent and ameliorate stormwater pollution.




Final                                           92                                       12/19/07
Kansas City, MO                                                    Second Year Report
Stormwater NPDES Permit MO 0130516                         May 1, 2006 – April 30, 2007



                          LIST OF ATTACHMENTS

A- 1    2007 Kansas City, Missouri Inventory of Industrial and Other High-Risk
        Runoff Facilities

A- 2    Kansas City, Missouri Monitoring Acton Plan for High-Risk-Runoff Facility
        Program

A- 3    Kansas City, Missouri Stormwater Discharge Control Regulations

A- 4    Kansas City, Missouri Public Education/Information Material – Reduce,
        Reuse, Recycle; Waterlines

A- 5    10,000 Rain Gardens Education Brochures




Final                                   93                                   12/19/07
                                                           ATTACHMENTS




A- 1   Kansas City, Missouri Inventory of Industrial and Other High-Risk-Runoff
       Facilities
Attachment 1. 2007 Kansas City, Missouri Inventory of Industrial and Other High-Risk Runoff Facilities                                          1 of 5



                                          Facility                                          Activity Address                     Watershed

      911 E Walnut Street LLC                                               909 Walnut St.                                NEID
      A Luster Metal Finishing-Division of Brady Enterprisese               1019 West 24th St.                            Turkey Creek
      Advantage Powersports                                                 6401 NW Barry Rd.                             Line Creek
      Allied Aviation Service Company                                       217 Bern St.                                  Todd Creek
      Amerex Companies Inc.                                                 6300 Stadium Dri.                             Blue River
      American Airline M&E Base                                             9200 NW 112th St.                             Todd Creek
      American Racing Equipment Inc.(formerly Weld Wheel Industries Inc.)   1245 Crystal                                  Blue River
      Aventis Pharmaceuticals-Park                                          10236 Marion Park Dri.                        Hickman Mills Creek
      Ball Metal Beverage Container Corporation                             1800 Reynolds Ave.                            NEID
      Bayer Cropscience                                                     8400 Hawthorn Rd.                             NEID
      BNSF Gibbon Lumber Site                                               1301 West 13th St.                            CID
      Boulevard Brewing Company                                             2501 Southwest BLVD.                          Turkey Creek
      Brenntag Mid- South Inc.                                              5200 Still Well St.                           NEID
      Brock Grain & Feed                                                    7400 E 13th St.                               Blue River
      Cargill Inc./Choteau Elevator                                         4801 NE Birmingham Rd.                        Buckeye Creek
      Cargill Inc.- Soybean Processing Plant                                2306 Rochester                                NEID
      Carter Waters Corporation                                             2440 W. Pennway St.                           Turkey Creek
      Charles Paint Research Inc.                                           2401 E. 85th St.                              Blue River
      Chemcentral - Kansas City                                             910 North Prospect                            NEID
      Clay & Bailey                                                         6401 E 40th St.                               Blue River
      Compass Big Blue LLC                                                  8116 Wilson Rd.                               Blue River
      Cook Brothers Insulation Inc.                                         1405 Saint Louis Ave.                         Birmingham Bottom
      Custom Cut Metals                                                      Leeds Industrial Complex, 6817 Stadium Dr.   Blue River
      Dupont Refinish Service Center                                        6015 Manchester Trafficway                    Blue River
      Environmental Specialists, Incorporated                               3001 E 83rd St.                               Blue River
      Fluoro-Seal International, L.P.                                       6127 Deramus Ave.                             NEID III
      Fordyce Concrete Company Inc.-Randolph Facility                       3700 North Skiles Rd.                         Randolph Creek
      Fresh Del Monte Produce Inc.                                          6311 Deramus Ave.                             NEID III
      Fresh Express Foods (Redi Cut Foods Inc.)                             3951 N.E. Kimball Dr                          Birmingham Bottom
      Gateway Packaging Company                                             5910 Winner Rd.                               Blue River
      General Mills Operations Inc.                                         2917 Guinotte Ave.                            NEID
      Hallmark Cards Inc.                                                   2501 McGee                                    Turkey Creek
      Harley-Davidson Motor Group Comp.                                     11401 N. Congress Ave.                        Second Creek
      Havens Steel Company                                                  7219 E 17th Street                            Blue River
Attachment 1. 2007 Kansas City, Missouri Inventory of Industrial and Other High-Risk Runoff Facilities           2 of 5



                                           Facility                       Activity Address           Watershed

      Hawthorn Generating Facility                      8700 Hawthorn Rd.                    NEID
      Heritage Environmental Service                    8525 NE 38th St.                     Randolph Creek
      Hiles Plating Company                             2028 Broadway                        Turkey Creek
      HP Management Inc.                                11103 North Nashua Dri.              First Creek
      Industrial Services Corporation (ISC)             1633 S Marsh                         Blue River
      Jackson Plating & Polishing, Inc.                 2641 Jackson                         Blue River
      Jay Wolfe Acura                                   1029 W. 103rd St.                    Indian Creek
      Kansas City Screw Products Inc.                   2908 Truman Rd.                      Blue River
      KC Southern Railway - Knoche Yard                 3651 E Front St.                     NEID
      KCS Elevator                                      1031 N. Topping                      NEID
      KCT Elevator                                      5801 Birmingham Rd.                  Searcy Creek
      Koch Materials Company                            4915 Chelsea Street                  Brush Creek
      LabConco Corporation                              8811 Prospect                        Blue River
      LaFarge North America Inc.                        3801 N. Arlington                    Birmingham Bottom
      LaFarge North America Inc.                        3101 E 85th St.                      Blue River
      Langley Recyling, Inc.                            3557 Stadium Dri.                    Blue River
      Lubar Chemical Company                            1700 Campbell                        Blue River
      Mallin Brothers Company Inc.                      3211 Gardner Ave.                    NEID
      Martin Foundry Company                            1510 Crystal Ave.                    Blue River
      Merchants Metals                                  3915 Fuller Ave.                     Blue River
      Michelin Aircraft Tire Corporation                8121 Northwest 97th Ter.             North Brush Creek
      Mid America Car Inc.                              1523 Monroe                          NEID
      Midway Ford Truck Center Corporation              7601 NE 38th St.                     Randolph Creek
      Midwest Hanger Company                            4312 Clary BLVD.                     Blue River
      Midwest Locomotive, Inc.                          6817 Stadium Dr.                     Blue River
      Midwest Research Institute                        425 Volker BLVD.                     Brush Creek
      Mid-West Terminal Warehouse Company               17000 N Universal Ave.               CID
      Miller Material Company                           2405 E 85th St.                      Blue River
      Missouri MPP Corporation                          2800 E Truman Rd.                    Blue River
      Missouri Plating Company                          7001 E 13th St.                      Blue River
      MODOT- Bridge Crew                                3707 Beacon Ave.                     Blue River
      MODOT- District 4 General Services                9101 E 40th Ter.                     Blue River
      MODOT-Highway Maintenance                         4th st. and Cherry St.               NEID I & II
      MODOT-Holmes Park                                 4900 E 87th St.                      Hickman Mills
Attachment 1. 2007 Kansas City, Missouri Inventory of Industrial and Other High-Risk Runoff Facilities           3 of 5



                                          Facility                      Activity Address           Watershed

      MODOT-Motorist Assistance                         3505 E 18th St.                    Blue River
      MODOT-Roadside Enhancement                        5117 E 31st St.                    Blue River
      Monier Life Tile LLC                              12600 E 98th St.                   Little Blue River
      New Surface L.L.C.                                7400 E 12th St.                    Blue River
      North American Galvanizing Company                7700 E 12th St.                    Blue River
      Package Service Company, LLC                      1800 NW Vivion Rd.                 Line Creek
      PathFinder Systems, Inc.                          6301 Deramus Ave.                  NEID III
      Paulo Products Company                            4827 Chelsea Ave.                  Brush Creek
      Penny's Concrete, Inc.- Parvin Road Plant         8601 NE 38th St.                   Randolph Creek
      Performance Roof Systems Inc.                     4821 Chelsea Ave.                  Brush Creek
      Permacel Kansas City Inc.                         3900 Empire Rd.                    NEID
      Permacel Kansas City Inc.                         8485 Prospect Ave.                 Blue River
      Philip Services Corporation                       716 Mulberry St.                   CID
      Quality Finishing Industries Inc.                 7615 E 17th St.                    Blue River
      Quintiles Inc.                                    10245 Hickman Mills Dri.           Hickman Mills Creek
      Railway Express Agency                            300 West Pershing Rd.              Turkey Creek
      Research Medical Center                           2316 E Meyer BLVD.                 Town Fork Creek
      Roberts Dairy Company                             3805 South Emanuel Cleaver BLVD.   Brush Creek
      Rotadyne Roll Group                               2035 Washington St.                Turkey Creek
      Safety Kleen (PPM) Inc.                           1629 W 9th St.                     CID
      Solvent Recovery Corporation                      716 Mullberry St.                  CID
      SouthE Sanitary Landfill L.L.C.                   8301 Indiana Ave.                  Blue River
      Speaco Foods, Inc.                                2400 Nicholson Ave.                NEID
      Stone Container Corporation                       3244 Gardner Ave.                  NEID
      Summit Machine Products Inc.                      7101 E. 13th St.                   Blue River
      Superior Lexus                                    1200 West 104th St.                Indian Creek
      Superior Metal Treating & Equipment               2540 Indiana Ave                   Blue River
      Tenneco Automotive                                1846 N. Topping Ave.               NEID
      Trigen-KC Grand Avenue Station                    115 Grand Ave.                     NEID
      TruGreen                                          1740 Reynolds Ave                  NEID
      Truman Mediacal Center                            2301 Holmes St.                    Turkey Creek
      U.S. Dept. of Energy-Kansas City Plant            2000 E 95th St.                    Indian Creek
      Union Pacific Railroad                            6400 Martin                        NEID
      Univar USA Inc.- Kansas City                      2000 Guinotte Ave.                 NEID
Attachment 1. 2007 Kansas City, Missouri Inventory of Industrial and Other High-Risk Runoff Facilities                 4 of 5



                                      Facility                               Activity Address           Watershed

      University of Missouri-Kansas City                     5100 Rockhill Rd.                  Brush Creek
      US Plating & Surface Finishing                         1341 Montgall Ave.                 Blue River
      VA Medical Center                                      4801 Linwood BLVD.                 Blue River
      Vance Brothers Inc.                                    5201 Brighton                      Blue River
      Vopak USA Incorporated-Kansas City                     2000 Guinotte Ave.                 NEID
      W.R. Meadows of Kansas City                            1120 E. 13th St.                   Turkey Creek
      Walker Towel & Uniform                                 2601 Truman Rd.                    Blue River
      Western American Inc.                                  1221 West 12th St.                 CID
      Yellow Transportation (KCM)                            3500 Booth St.                     Blue River
      Zea Corporation                                        3101 Gardner Ave.                  NEID

      Municpal Facilities
      KCMO American Royal Arena Complex                      1800 Genessee                      CID
      KCMO Animal Control Kennel                             4400 Raytown Rd.                   Round Grove Creek
      KCMO Birmingham WasteWaterTreatment Plant              10801 NE 28th St.                  Birmingham Bottom
      KCMO Blue River Golf Academy                           7501 Blue River Rd.                Blue River
      KCMO Blue River Secondary Wastewater Treatment Plant   7300 Hawthorne Rd.                 NEID III
      KCMO Blue River WasteWaterTreatment Plant              7600 Front St.                     NEID III
      KCMO Buckeye Maintenance Facility                      5001 Birmingham                    Randolph Creek
      KCMO Camp Lake of the Woods                            Oakwaood Dri. in Swope Park        Blue River
      KCMO Central Patrol                                    1200 E Linwood                     Turkey Creek
      KCMO City Tow Lot                                      3901 Bennington                    Blue River
      KCMO Crime Laboratory                                  6633 Troost Ave.                   Town Fork Creek
      KCMO Downtown Airport                                  250 Richards Rd.                   Missouri River Basin
      KCMO E Patrol                                          5301 E 27th St.                    Blue River
      KCMO Fire Marshall's Office                            635 Woodland Ave.                  Blue River
      KCMO Fire Station 18                                   3211 Indiana Ave.                  Brush Creek
      KCMO Fire Station 23                                   4777 Independence Ave.             Blue River
      KCMO Fire Training Academy                             5130 Deramus                       NEID III
      KCMO Fleet Operations                                  5215 E. 27th St.                   Blue River
      KCMO Helicopter Unit                                   4601 Eern                          Round Grove Creek
      KCMO Hodge Golf Course                                 7000 NE Barry Rd.                  E Fork Creek
      KCMO Holmes Annex                                      1525 Holmes                        Turkey Creek
      KCMO KCI Airport                                       125 Paris St.                      Todd Creek
Attachment 1. 2007 Kansas City, Missouri Inventory of Industrial and Other High-Risk Runoff Facilities            5 of 5



                                      Facility                           Activity Address          Watershed

      KCMO Kemper Arena                                  1800 Genessee                      CID
      KCMO Leaf & Brush Drop off site                    I-470 & Raytown Rd.                Little Blue River
      KCMO Maintenance facility                          1800 Prospect                      Turkey Creek
      KCMO Metro Patrol                                  1880 E 63rd St.                    Town Fork Creek
      KCMO Minor Golf Course                             111th & Holmes                     Blue River
      KCMO Municipal Service Center                      5300 Municipal Ave.                NEID III
      KCMO North Patrol                                  1001 NW Barry Rd.                  Line Creek
      KCMO Nursery                                       5400 E. Gregory Ave.               Blue River
      KCMO Pacaar Building & Lot                         1301 Chouteau TFWY                 NEID III
      KCMO Parks District 2                              3915 Gillham Rd.                   Brush Creek
      KCMO Parks District 3                              6901 Elmwood Ave.                  Blue River
      KCMO Pistol Range                                  6900 Coal Mine Rd.                 Round Grove Creek
      KCMO Police Training Academy-Agnes Annex           1328 Agnes                         Blue River
      KCMO Public Works District 1                       2400 Russel Rd.                    Rock Creek
      KCMO Public Works District 3                       4725 Coal Mine Rd.                 Blue River
      KCMO Regional Household Hazardous Waste Facility   4707 Deramus Ave.                  NEID
      KCMO Richards Gebauer Airport                      15405 Maxwell Ave                  Blue River
      KCMO Ruskin Maintenance                            11231 Bennington                   Hickman Hills Creek
      KCMO Services Station                              1245 Prospect                      Blue River
      KCMO Shoal Creek Patrol Division/Police Academy    6801 NE Pleasant Valley Rd.        Shoal Creek
      KCMO Solid Waste Headquarters                      1815 N. Chouteau                   NEID III
      KCMO Swope Memorial Golf Course                    6900 Swope Memorial Dri.           Blue River
      KCMO Todd Creek Wastewater Treatment Plant         7600 NW 144th St.                  Todd Creek
      KCMO Todd Creek Wastewater Treatment Plant         7600 NW 144th St.                  Todd Creek
      KCMO Traffic Operations                            5310 Municipal ave.                NEID III
      KCMO Water Treatment Plant                         1 NW Briarcliff                    Line Creek
      KCMO Westside WasteWaterTreatment Plant            1849 Woodsether Rd.                CID
      KCMO Zoo                                           6900 Zoo Dri.                      Blue River
                                                            ATTACHMENTS




A- 2   Kansas City, Missouri Monitoring Acton Plan for High-Risk-Runoff Facility
       Program
                A Monitoring Action Plan for
             High-Risk-Runoff Facility Program



In Compliance with Kansas City, MO Municipal Separate Storm Sewer
                      System (MS4) Permit




                    Stormwater Utility Division
                    Water Services Department
                         Kansas City, MO

                        February 21, 2007
Monitoring for Industrial Facilities-Draft                                                            MS4 Program


                                       TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. Introduction............................................................................................ 1
II. The Purpose of Monitoring................................................................... 2
III. Programmatic Approach....................................................................... 2
  PHASE I: FIRST PERMIT CYCLE (THROUGH SEPTEMBER 2009).................... 3
    Element 1.     Analytical Monitoring by City Staff ................................................... 3
    Element 2.     Establish a City-level NPDES permitting process for stormwater
    discharges associated with industrial activities........................................................... 5
    Element 3.     High-risk-runoff facility outreach....................................................... 8
  PHASE II: SECOND PERMIT TERM (YR. 2009 THEREAFTER) ........................... 8
    Element 1.     Require Self Monitoring (analytical) at Selected Facilities................ 9
    Element 2.     Continue to Implement the Stormwater Discharge Permitting Process
                   9
    Element 3.     Continue the outreach program........................................................... 9
IV. Facility Monitoring Guidance............................................................... 9
      Who shall perform the monitoring?............................................................................ 9
      Where will sampling occur? ..................................................................................... 10
      When and how will sampling occur? ........................................................................ 10
      How will Visual Examinations be performed? ......................................................... 10
      How will Analytical Monitoring be performed......................................................... 11
      When should sampling be discontinued by the facility? ........................................... 12
      Reporting and record-keeping requirements ............................................................ 13
      Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan and Report mailing address...................... 14
V. Staffing Considerations ....................................................................... 15
VI. References ............................................................................................. 15
VII. Appendix List ...................................................................................... 15




10/12/06                                                    i           KCMO Water Services Department
Monitoring for Industrial Facilities-Draft                                    MS4 Program


I.   Introduction
          Stormwater runoff is part of the natural hydrologic cycle. However, human
activities, particularly urbanization, alter natural drainage patterns and add pollutants to
rainwater and snowmelt runoff that enters our nation’s rivers, lakes, streams, and coastal
waters.
          In an effort to reduce the pollution of the “Waters of the United States”, the
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), as directed by Congress, has established
phased National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) requirements for
stormwater discharges. To implement these requirements, EPA published the initial
permit application requirements for certain categories of storm water discharges
associated with industrial activity and for discharges from municipal separate storm
sewer systems (MS4) located in municipalities with a population of 100,000 or more
(Phase I sources). Pursuant to the Federal requirement, under the authority granted to the
State of Missouri and in compliance with the Missouri Clean Water Law, Missouri
Department of Natural Resources (MDNR) issued Kansas City, MO (City) State
Operating Permit to discharge from Kansas City Municipal Separate Storm Sewer
System on September 3, 2004.
          Kansas City, MO’s MS4 permit, Part III.A.5. states the following: The permittee
will implement a program to monitor and control pollutants in storm water discharges to
the MS4 from hazardous waste treatment, disposal, and recovery facilities; industrial
facilities that are subject to SARA Title III section 313 and other industrial or commercial
facilities that the permittee determines are contributing or have the potential to contribute
a substantial pollutant loading to the MS4, by
                 a. […].
                 b. […].
                 c. […].
                 d. Developing an industrial and other high-risk runoff source monitoring
                    action plan for monitoring runoff from the priority facilities identified
                    in the inventory required by Part III.A.5.b.
                 e. […].




10/12/06                                       1        KCMO Water Services Department
Monitoring for Industrial Facilities-Draft                                      MS4 Program


          Recognizing that industrial facilities have a potential to impair the quality of
storm water discharges from the MS4 and to ensure permit compliance, the City has
developed this Action Plan to monitor the activities of industrial facilities and to
evaluate their contribution to the MS4 and potential impacts to the receiving waters.
          This Action Plan for High-Risk-Runofff Facility Monitoring Program presents the
City’s approach to monitoring runoff at high-risk industrial facilities. This Action Plan
should be re-evaluated frequently and revised as necessary. Revisions to the Action Plan
may also be made as additional inspections have been performed and additional insight
into the impacts from these facilities has been made.


II.       The Purpose of Monitoring
          Key reasons for monitoring industrial and high-risk runoff facilities are:
          To obtain data on the quality of storm water runoff from facilities that have high--
       risk runoff as identified in the MS4 permit Part III.A.5.b;
          To evaluate industrial facilities for their runoff management practices and to
       assess their contribution to the MS4 and potential impacts to the receiving waters.
          To identify industrial facilities and their activities that significantly contribute
       pollutants to the MS4, and to take appropriate actions, including, but not limited to,
       requiring implementation of control methods (best management practices or BMPs)
       and enforcement actions; and
          To promote and enhance the awareness of potential impacts from industrial
       activities on storm water and receiving streams and lakes.


          The ultimate goal is to prevent, control, and minimize pollutant runoff from
industrial operations.


III.      Programmatic Approach
          The City will use the following approach to industrial facility monitoring. Table 1
presents a detailed description of the approach, while Figure 1 presents a flow chart to
visually represent these elements.



10/12/06                                         2         KCMO Water Services Department
Monitoring for Industrial Facilities-Draft                                    MS4 Program


PHASE I:       FIRST PERMIT CYCLE (THROUGH SEPTEMBER 2009)
        There are three elements in this first cycle: Analytical Monitoring, Visual
Monitoring, and Public Outreach.



Element 1.     Analytical Monitoring by City Staff
1-1            Conduct analytical monitoring of selected facilities (by City)
1-1.1          Identify priority facilities
Content:       The City will implement a monitoring program for priority industrial
               facilities. The City’s initial priority list has been developed according to a
               scoring matrix. Both the list and the matrix were presented in MS4 permit
               annual report May 2005 – April 2006).


               This priority list will be refined and updated as necessary. This will
               include field verification to assure that the methodology used initially has
               included the appropriate priority facilities.
Timeframe:     Ongoing


1-1.2          Use existing monitoring information for state permitted facilities
Content:       Of the priority facilities identified by the City, some may be covered by a
               State NPDES stormwater permit and already conducting self-monitoring.
               Rather than duplicate existing requirements for facilities with existing
               monitoring conditions, the City will:
                       Collect quantitative data on pollutants limited in NPDES permits
               for these facilities. Data collection will be implemented through written
               requests to these facilities to provide the City copies of Discharge
               Monitoring Reports when sent to MDNR as required by their permits.
                       Perform site inspection (based on the checklist in Appendix A).
Timeframe:     Ongoing




10/12/06                                      3         KCMO Water Services Department
Monitoring for Industrial Facilities-Draft                                    MS4 Program


1-1.3          Obtain a copy of State No-Exposure Certification for applicable
priority facilities
Content:       Of the priority facilities identified by the City, some may be covered by
               the State No-Exposure Certification. The City will:
                       Obtain a copy of the State No-Exposure Certification;
                       Perform site inspection (based on the checklist in Appendix A)
Timeframe:     Ongoing


1-1.4          Conduct analytical monitoring on priority facilities
Content:       Monitoring of priority facilities not covered by a state NPDES permit and
               without no-exposure certification will be performed by City staff. The
               monitoring will include the determination of a sample collection point and
               obtain access approval if necessary. Sample collection points may be
               located downstream of a priority facility, a number of priority facilities, or
               additional industrial facilities.


               The protocol will include:
                       Monitoring points in these areas following rain events
                               48 hours after at least 0.1 inches and less than 3 inches of
                       rain during a 24-hour period preceded by at least 72 hours with no
                       precipitation greater than 0.1 inches
                       Samples sent to City’s laboratory for analysis
                       Sampling for
                               Oil and grease, pH, BOD5, COD, TSS;
                               Any pollutant known or believed to be present [as required
                      in 40 CFR 122.21(g)(7)];
                               Flow measurements or estimates of the flow rate, the total
                      amount of discharge for the storm events samples, and the method
                      of flow measurement or estimation;
                               The date and duration (in hours) of the storm events
                      sampled, rainfall measurements or estimates of the storm event (in


10/12/06                                       4       KCMO Water Services Department
Monitoring for Industrial Facilities-Draft                                      MS4 Program


                     inches) which generated the sampled runoff, and the time between
                     the storm event sampled and the end of the previous measurable
                     (greater than 0.1 inch rainfall) storm event (in hours).
                       Evaluate sample results against the WQS Guidance to help
               evaluate results
                       Look at SIC codes and local conditions (i.e., increased TSS a result
               of runoff or instream erosion upstream of the site) to evaluate sources and
               determine need for additional investigations


               If initial monitoring indicates, the City will perform an inspection on the
               facility per the City’s NPDES permit Part III.A.5.c and may perform
               additional monitoring.
Timeframe:     January 2007 through September 2009



Element 2. Establish a City-level NPDES permitting process for stormwater
discharges associated with industrial activities
2-1.          Prepare for a City-level stormwater discharge permitting process
Content:       This permitting process will authorize stormwater discharges from an
               industrial facility into the City’s MS4. This process will be similar to the
               state-level stormwater NPDES permitting, but target those facilities with
               standard industrial category (SIC) code that have not been considered by
               the State permitting. Under this City permitting process:
                       A facility, unless exempted, must apply for a city permit for
               Stormwater Discharge associated with Industrial Activities. See Appendix
               B for the permit application form;
                       Upon receiving the permit, the facility must develop a SWP3 and
               implement a Quarterly Visual Monitoring Program. See Section IV for
               monitoring guidance. Appendix C lists a checklist for an SWP3. Appendix
               D is a Visual Monitoring form;
                       The facility must report to the City on an annual base.



10/12/06                                     5         KCMO Water Services Department
Monitoring for Industrial Facilities-Draft                                     MS4 Program




               A facility does not need to apply for the permit, if it has an effective state
               NPDES permit or if it has no industrial activities exposed to stormwater.
               In the case of the latter, the facility must apply to the City for a No
               Exposure certification. See Appendix E for the No Exposure form. The
               City will perform a site inspection to determine eligibility for a no-
               exposure certification. The City will only accept such a certification from
               a facility that raw and waste materials, final and intermediate products, by-
               products, material handling equipment or activities, industrial machinery
               or operations, or significant materials from industrial activity are not
               presently exposed to storm water and are not expected to be exposed to
               storm water for the certification period. Where the City accepts a No
               Exposure Certification, the City will conduct at least one site inspection of
               the facility every five years to verify facility’s No Exposure exemption.


               The Water Services Department will prepare for the permitting process by:
                         Preparing a guidance document describing the permitting purposes,
               process, and requirements;
                         Streamlining and standardizing the internal permitting procedures:
               contact, application review, assistance, fee, record keeping, and report
               review.
                         Obtaining an internal review and approval of the proposed
               permitting process;
                         Informing the potentially-affected facilities of the permitting
               process;
                         Preparing staff for the process: training, duty assignment;
                         Preparing resources for the process: document storage, and fee
               processing.
Timeframe:     Begin January 2007


2-2            Implement a stormwater discharge permitting process


10/12/06                                       6         KCMO Water Services Department
Monitoring for Industrial Facilities-Draft                                    MS4 Program


Content:       The Stormwater Discharge permitting process will be implemented for
               industrial facilities according to the following priorities:
                         The priority facilities as screened from the City’s MS4 permit Part
               III.A.5.b (exempted if having a state permit or being monitored by the
               City);
                         The facilities in the Inventory developed per the City’s MS4 permit
               Part III.A.5.a.:
                                  Hazardous waste treatment, storage, disposal and recovery
                        facilities;
                                  Facilities that are subject to EPCRA (Emergency Planning
                        and Community Right to-Know Act) Title III, Section 313;
                                  Any other industrial or commercial discharge the City
                        determines is contributing a substantial pollutant loading to the
                        KCMO Separate Storm Sewer System;
                         The remaining industrial facilities with SIC codes that are not
               covered by Phase I state Multi-Sector Industrial Facility permits.


               By the end of the first phase (September 2009), all facilities of group 1
               (above) and 50% of the facilities in group 2 (above) must be evaluated and
               permitted, if not exempted.


               The Stormwater Utility Division will implement the permitting process
               by:
                         Establishing communication with facilities;
                         Evaluating facility applications for permit or No Exposure
               Certification;
                         Issuing permits to qualified facilities;
                         Assisting facilities for developing a SWP3 and conducting
               quarterly visual monitoring; and
                         Creating and maintain a database for both permit exempted and
               non-exempted facilities.


10/12/06                                        7          KCMO Water Services Department
Monitoring for Industrial Facilities-Draft                                     MS4 Program


Timeframe:     Begin September 2007


2-3            Evaluate City-level NPDES permitting process
Content:       At the end of the first phase (September 2009), the Stormwater Utility
               Division will evaluate the effectiveness of the permitting processes
               including the visual monitoring program, and make modifications to the
               program as necessary.
Timeframe:     September 2009



Element 3.     High-risk-runoff facility outreach
3-1.           Short-term industrial facility outreach
Content:       Inform industrial facilities of the City’s relevant ordinance, ongoing storm
               water inspections, and associated monitoring efforts. Outreach activities
               may include, but are not limited to developing outreach material and
               disseminating materials to businesses via certified letters, holding public
               meetings, etc. Public outreach will continue throughout the program as
               additional facilities are identified for inclusion into the program.
Timeframe:     Beginning January 2007


3-2.           Long-term industrial facility outreach
Content:       Educate facilities on their potential for storm water pollution as well as
               appropriate BMPs that can be used to mitigate impacts from their
               industrial activities. Outreach activities may include, but are not limited to,
               developing industrial category-targeted BMP material and disseminating
               to businesses via certified letters, holding training seminars, etc.
Timeframe:     Beginning September 2007


PHASE II:      SECOND PERMIT TERM (YR. 2009 THEREAFTER)
       In the second permit term, there are three elements that continue or build on what
have been implemented in the first permit term: Analytical Monitoring, Visual



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Monitoring for Industrial Facilities-Draft                                   MS4 Program


Monitoring, and Public Outreach.

Element 1.     Require Self Monitoring (analytical) at Selected Facilities
Content:       The City will implement a facility-analytical monitoring program in the
               second permit cycle. This program will target priority facilities, which the
               City considers to have significant potential for high-risk runoff. Additional
               detail on this process and procedures will be developed in early 2009
Timeframe:     Beginning September 2009



Element 2.     Continue to Implement the Stormwater Discharge Permitting Process
Content:       The City will maintain and renew the issued permits, and complete the
               permitting process for the remaining facilities that were on the Inventory.
               The City will also continue the permitting process for new facilities on an
               updated inventory.
Timeframe:     Ongoing from first permit term

Element 3.     Continue the outreach program
Content:       Develop and distribute industrial-specific BMPs materials; provide or
               coordinate training seminars as appropriate.
Timeframe:     Ongoing from first permit term




IV.    Facility Monitoring Guidance
       Information is provided in a question and answer format.

Who shall perform the monitoring?
      In Phase I of the program the City will perform analytical monitoring. As the City
transitions into Phase II of the program in September 2009, analytical monitoring
requirements will be transferred to select facilities. In addition, facilities may also be
required to perform visual monitoring in association with City’s stormwater permitting
requirements in Phases I and II.




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Monitoring for Industrial Facilities-Draft                                                  MS4 Program


Where will sampling occur?
      Stormwater samples shall be taken at an outfall or a location where runoff collects
from the area of industrial activity (activity, storage area, materials handing area, etc.) for
which sampling is required. For example, if a chemical is used in processing activities,
then the outfall(s) sampled should convey runoff from the area/areas where the chemical
is exposed to storm water. Sampling point(s) should be identified in your SWP3 or
Stormwater Monitoring Plan. If you are unsure where to sample, you can call the
Division to discuss a location.
         When a facility has two or more discharges that the facility reasonably believes
discharge substantially identical effluents, the facility may sample one outfall and allow it
to count as the sample for a substantially similar outfall. The facility must first document
in its SWP3 how it determines that the outfalls are substantially similar.



When and how will sampling occur?
  Sampling procedures include:
                   Taking a minimum of one grab sample of the storm water discharge1
         associated with industrial activity resulting from a “measurable2” storm event;
                   Taking the grab sample3 during the first 30 minutes of the discharge. If it
         is not practicable to take the sample during the first 30 minutes, sample during the
         first hour of discharge and describe why a grab sample during the first 30 minutes
         was impracticable. Submit this information on or with the discharge monitoring
         report.



How will Visual Examinations be performed?
     Visual Examination provides a simple and inexpensive means of obtaining a
rough assessment of storm water quality. Visual Examinations will be performed as

1
  A stormwater discharge is defined as any natural or manmade conveyance of rainwater or the resultant
runoff.
2
  A measurable storm event is defined as at least 0.1 inch of precipitation and the time from the preceding
measurable storm is at least 72 hours.
3
  A grab sample is defined as a single sample taken at one moment of time or a combination of several
smaller samples of equal volume taken in less that a two minute period.


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Monitoring for Industrial Facilities-Draft                                     MS4 Program


follows:
       Each examination is to be performed in a well lit area by the facility operator;
       The sample shall be examined within a time frame that ensures the sample is
       representative of the discharge;
       Examination should be made and documented for color, odor, clarity, floating
       solids, settled solids, suspended solids, foam, oil sheen, other obvious indicators
       of storm water pollution, and any noticeable odors. See Appendix D for the
       Visual Monitoring form;
       Visual examination should be carried out on a quarterly basis, and preferably by
       the same individual, where practicable, to assure consistency with evaluation of
       qualitative parameters; and
       If no storm event resulted in runoff from the facility during a monitoring quarter,
       the facility operator will be excused from visual monitoring for that quarter
       provided the documents in the monitoring records show that no qualifiable storm
       event occurred.



How will Analytical Monitoring be performed
     Analytical Monitoring provides feedback to the City and the facility operator on
the effectiveness of the site’s storm water pollution prevention practices. Analytical
monitoring will be performed by the facility in Phase II of the program. Protocols include
the following:
                        Analytical monitoring must be performed on a quarterly basis for a
                 minimum of one entire calendar year or four continuous quarters;
                        If there is a missing sampling quarter, the facility has the option to
                 either sample twice during the subsequent quarter or extend one quarter
                 for sampling;
                        Samples should be collected within the first 30 minutes of
                 discharge; In case the first 30 minutes requirement cannot be fulfilled. See
                 Section V(ii);
                        Analytical results must be submitted to the Storm Water Utility



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Monitoring for Industrial Facilities-Draft                                       MS4 Program


               Division on a Discharge Monitoring Report form (See Analytical
               Monitoring Form in Appendix F);
                       Results should be compared to Benchmark Concentrations (see
               Appendix G) to evaluate the effectiveness of the facility’s storm water
               pollution prevention practices.
                       The Analytical Monitoring shall include the collection of
               quantitative   data    on     the    following   constituents   (see   40   CFR
               122.26(c)(1)(i)(E)):
                               Any pollutant limited in an effluent guideline to which the
                     facility is subject;
                               Any pollutant listed in the facility’s NPDES permit for its
                     process wastewater (if the facility has an existing NPDES
                     permit)(sampling results collected for this permit may be submitted
                     in lieu of recollecting and analyzing the data);
                               Oil and grease, pH, BOD5, COD, TSS;
                               Any pollutant known or believed to be present [as required
                     in 40 CFR 122.21(g)(7)];
                               Flow measurements or estimates of the flow rate, the total
                     amount of discharge for the storm events samples, and the method
                     of flow measurement or estimation;
                               The date and duration (in hours) of the storm events
                     sampled, rainfall measurements or estimates of the storm event (in
                     inches) which generated the sampled runoff, and the time between
                     the storm event sampled and the end of the previous measurable
                     (greater than 0.1 inch rainfall) storm event (in hours).



When should sampling be discontinued by the facility?
      This section ONLY applies to Analytical Monitoring. A facility that is required to
conduct analytical monitoring may request a waiver of continuous analytical monitoring
for certain pollutants under one or all of the following circumstances:



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Monitoring for Industrial Facilities-Draft                                     MS4 Program




                       If, as a result of averaging the results of the four quarterly samples
               collected in one entire calendar year, a facility’s average pollutant
               discharge concentration is below the benchmark levels found in Appendix
               G. If the parameters that the facility is required to monitor are not listed in
               Appendix G, the facility must continue monitoring them;
                       If a facility has significantly improved its management of storm
               water runoff discharges by, but not limited to, installing on-the-ground
               BMP structure(s), adopting good housekeeping practices, providing its
               employees with sufficient training on material and waste handling, etc.


       The Storm Water Utility Division will conduct verification before approving a
waiver of continuous analytical monitoring for certain or all pollutants.



Reporting and record-keeping requirements
Table 2 provides detail on the various elements of the visual and analytical monitoring
programs, including reporting and record-keeping, in Phase I and II of the program. See
next page.




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Monitoring for Industrial Facilities-Draft                                                 MS4 Program


Table 2. Monitoring detail

Monitoring Type          SWPPPs and Visual Examination                 Analytical Monitoring

Applicability            Both private sectors and selected             For Phase I, conducted by the City. In Phase
                         municipal facilities in Phase II of the       II, conducted by the facility.
                         program

Record/form              SWP3 and Visual Monitoring Results            Analytical Monitoring Form

Results interpretation   SWPPPs should be used by the facility to      Monitoring results should be compared with
                         guide its storm water runoff management       the benchmark concentrations on a
                         practices. Results of visual examination      pollutant-by-pollutant basis, to evaluate the
                         should be used by the facility to identify    effectiveness of the facility’s existing storm
                         any problems that need to be addressed.       water pollution prevention measures.

Representative           When a facility has two or more discharges that the facility reasonably believes
discharge                discharge substantially identical effluents, the facility may examine or test the effluent
                         from one of such outfalls and report that the data applies to the substantially identical
                         effluent.

Record-keeping           Record forms should be incorporated into or maintained with the facility’s SWPPPs.


Reporting                A facility should send its SWP3 to the        Analytical monitoring results from each of
                         City (see next section for mailing address) the four quarters should be sent to the Storm
                         before it starts to perform visual            Water Utility Division annually by March
                         monitoring. The facility should send an       31 or within 90 days of the last monitoring
                         annual report on the implementation of the quarter.
                         City permit.




Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan and Report mailing address
      High-Risk Runoff Facility Monitoring Program
        Storm Water Utility Division, Water Services Department
        4800 E 63rd Street
        Kansas City, MO 64130




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Monitoring for Industrial Facilities-Draft                                 MS4 Program


V.     Staffing Considerations
       A minimum of two full-time city employees are needed to implement this plan
and the permitting process. Their qualifications should cover any of the following areas:
chemistry, engineering, or environmental sciences. An Associate degree is a minimum
requirement for this position.


VI.    References
Kansas City, MO Ordinance Chapter 61.
Oklahoma      City    Storm      Water       Quality   Management    Division   website:
http://www.okc.gov/pw/storm.html
Texas Harris County Public Infrastructure Department Engineering Division website.
http://www.cleanwaterclearchoice.org/professionals/industrial.html
U.S. EPA. 1999. NPDES Multi-sector storm water general permit monitoring guidance.
U.S. EPA. 2000. Guidance manual for conditional exclusion from storm water permitting
based on “No Exposure” of Industrial activities to storm water. EPA 833-B-00-001.


VII. Appendix List
Appendix A. City site inspection checklist
Appendix B. Notice for Storm Water Discharge Associated with Industrial Activities
               Permit Application
Appendix C. A checklist for Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPPs) (to be
               developed)
Appendix D. Visual monitoring form
Appendix E. No Exposure Certification for exclusion from storm water discharge
               permitting
Appendix F.    Analytical monitoring form
Appendix G. Parameter benchmark values for analytical monitoring




10/12/06                                       15       KCMO Water Services Department
                                           Stormwater Inspection Form

 Kansas City, MO
                                              Section A. General Information                                 Page 1 of ______
                                                                                                   Combined       □   TRI
Site #:            Inspection Reference:        Map #:       Date and Time:                           or
                                                                                                   Separate       □   TSD
Facility Name:                                               Weather:                               System        □   SIU
                                                                                                                  □   Tier II
Site Address:                                                Watershed:

Mailing Address:                                             Environmental Permits:
                                                                                                   Exp. Date:

Contact Person:                                              □ Prior Sampling Data □ Spill in last 3 yrs—Date:

Facility Representative:                                     Major Operation:

                                                                                                   SIC Code:

Inspectors:



 Section B. Site Management Practices

                            P2 MEASURES                                               CONTROL MEASURES
□   Material handling training     □ Preventive maintenance         □   Sump around fueling area    □ Spill kit
□   Fleet washing: hauled/sewered □ Good housekeeping               □   Retention/Detention         □ Vegatated swales
□   Trained in good housekeeping □ Storm drain(s) cleaning          □   Flow diversion structure    □ Erosion control
□   Spill Plan □ Response training □ Previous inspection report     □   Stormwater treatment        □ Sediment trap
□ Storm P2 Plan—Date:                                               □   Other




Section C. Additional Comments




                                                                                                    Last Revision April 19, 2005
                                                                                                              Page ______ of ______
 Section D. Potential Pollutant Sources
1. Loading Areas             Total Number of Loading Areas:

 Area #:                □ Truck Dock □ Rail Spur □ Other          Area #:                □ Truck Dock □ Rail Spur □ Other
 Contaiment Type:                                                 Contaiment Type:
 □ Covered □ Impervious Surface □ Drain                           □ Covered □ Impervious Surface □ Drain
 Comments:                                                        Comments:




2. Storage Areas             Total Number of Storage Areas:

 Area #:                Container Type:                           Area #:                Container Type:
 Stored Material:                                                 Stored Material:


 □ Covered      □ Containment         □ Impervious Surface        □ Covered      □ Containment       □ Impervious Surface
 Comments:                                                        Comments:




3. Other Areas of Interest     Total Number of Other Areas:

 Area #:              □ Idle Equipment        Runoff Direction:   Area #:              □ Idle Equipment       Runoff Direction:
 □ Trash Dumpster □ Roof Drains                                   □ Trash Dumpster □ Roof Drains
 □ Floor Drains not to Sanitary               □ MS4 □ CSS         □ Floor Drains not to Sanitary              □ MS4 □ CSS
 □ Fueling station □ Industrial operations    □ SSS               □ Fueling station □ Industrial operations   □ SSS
                                              □ Environment                                                   □ Environment
 □ Exposure to Stormwater                                         □ Exposure to Stormwater
 □ Illicit Discharge □ Other                                      □ Illicit Discharge □ Other
 □ Drainage System : Type                                         □ Drainage System : Type
 Comments:                                                        Comments:




Area #:              □ Idle Equipment         Runoff Direction:   Area #:              □ Idle Equipment       Runoff Direction:
□ Trash Dumpster □ Roof Drains                                    □ Trash Dumpster □ Roof Drains
□ Floor Drains not to Sanitary                □ MS4 □ CSS         □ Floor Drains not to Sanitary              □ MS4 □ CSS
                                              □ SSS               □ Fueling station □ Industrial operations   □ SSS
□ Fueling station □ Industrial operations                                                                     □ Environment
                                              □ Environment
□ Exposure to Stormwater                                          □ Exposure to Stormwater
□ Illicit Discharge □ Other                                       □ Illicit Discharge □ Other
□ Drainage System : Type                                          □ Drainage System : Type

Comments:                                                         Comments:




                                                                                                         Last Revision April 19, 2005
A Monitoring Action Plan for High-Risk-Runoff Facility Program                                                                                   Appendix B
                                                              See Reverse Side for Instructions

KCMO-SUD                                                           Kansas City, MO Water Services Department
  FORM                                                                       Stormwater Utility Division
  IND 1                                                          Notice of Intent (NOI) for Storm Water Discharges
       October, 2006                                                Associated With INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES

Submission of this notice constitutes that the facility identified in section II of this form intends to be authorized by a SWQ permit issued for storm water discharges
associated with industrial activity in the City of Kansas City, MO. Becoming a permittee obligates such discharger to comply with the terms and conditions of the
permit. IN ORDER TO OBTAIN AUTHORIZATION, ALL REQUESTED INFORMATION MUST BE PROVIDED ON THIS FORM. SEE INSTRUCTIONS ON BACK
OF THIS FORM.
       NEW APPLICATION                                           MODIFICATION OF CURRENT PERMIT                                                PERMIT RENEWAL

I.            FACILITY OWNER/OPERATOR INFORMATION
Name:___________________________________________________________________________________ Phone:__________________________

Address:__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

City:______________________________________________________________ State:_________________ Zip Code:________________________

Status of Owner/Operator:             Federal               State               Public (Other than Federal or State)                 Private

II.          FACILITY SITE INFORMATION
Name of the Facility: __________________________________________________________________ Local Phone:__________________________

Address:__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

City:________________________________________ State:______________ Zip Code:____________________ County:______________________

Mailing Address:___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

City:______________________________________________________________ State:_________________ Zip Code:________________________


III.          FACILITY ACTIVITY
Receiving Water Body:______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Scope of business: _________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Is the business already permitted by an Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality Industrial Permit?                            Yes                      No

Other Operator OPDES Number(s):________________________________ Other Operator NPDES Number(s):________________________________

SIC or Designated Activity Code: Primary:__________________________ Secondary:_____________________________

Is the business required to submit Numeric Effluent Discharge Monitoring Reports (MDNR)?                           Yes                     No

Is the receiving water body on the MDNR 303(d) impaired water list?                Yes                  No

                                                              ENDANGERED SPECIES ELIGIBILITY
a.          My facility is not located in or drains to Federal or State sensitive waters or watersheds.
b.          My facility is located in or drains to Federal or State sensitive waters or watersheds and I agree to implement the control measures
            required by the Missouri Department of Natural Resources Multi-sector Industrial General Permit.

c.          I am relying on another permittee's certification of eligibility and agree to comply with any conditions attached to that certification.

IV.          CERTIFICATION: All Applicants:

I certify under penalty of law that I have read and understand Chapter 61 of the City of Kansas City, MO Ordinance requirements for coverage under the
Storm Water Discharge Industrial Permit, including those requirements relating to the protection of endangered or threatened species or critical habitat.
Furthermore, this document and all attachments were prepared under my direction or supervision in accordance with a system designed to assure that
qualified personnel properly gathered and evaluated the information submitted. Based on my inquiry of the person or persons who manage the system,
or those persons directly responsible for gathering the information, the information submitted is, to the best of my knowledge and belief, true, accurate,
and complete. I am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting false information, including the possibility of fine and imprisonment for
knowing violations.
I understand that continued coverage under the Storm Water Discharge Industrial Permit is contingent upon maintaining eligibility.

Print Name:_______________________________________________________________                                 Date:_______________________________________


Signature:________________________________________________________________                                Title:________________________________________
A Monitoring Action Plan for High-Risk-Runoff Facility Program                                                           Appendix B
            Define the scope of business activities for which the business shall be permitted.

            If there is another NPDES permit presently issued for the facility listed in Section II, enter the permit number. If an
            application has been submitted but no permit number has been assigned, enter the application number.

            Enter the primary and secondary SIC code. For industrial activities defined in 40 CFR 122.26(b)(14)(I)-(x) that do not
            have SIC codes that accurately describes the principal product, use the following two character codes:

            HZ = Hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal facilities, including those that are operating under interim status
            or a permit under subtitle C of RCRA (40 CFR 122.26(b)(14)(iv);
            SE = Steam electric power generating facilities, including coal handling sites (40 CFR 122.26(b)(14)(vii);
            TW = Treatment works treating domestic sewage or any other sewage sludge or wastewater treatment device or
            system, used in the storage, treatment, recycling, and reclamation of municipal or domestic sewage (40 CFR
            122.26(b)(14)(ix);
            LF = Landfills and open dumps that receive industrial waste from any facility described in this subsection (40 CFR
            122.26(b)(14)(v).

            Indicate if this industrial facility is required to collect storm water samples for analysis and submit Discharge Monitoring
            Reports for Numerical Effluent Limitations. Refer to the permit for information on monitoring requirements. Indicate the
            monitoring status by checking Yes or No in the appropriate box.

            Complete the section on Endangered Species Eligibility by checking the appropriate box.

            Section IV. Certification

            Federal Statutes provide for severe penalties for submitting false information on this application form.                Federal
            regulations require this application to signed as follows:

            For a corporation: by a responsible corporate officer, which means: (I) president, secretary, treasurer, or vice-president
            of the corporation in charge of a principal business function, or any other person who performs similar policy or
            decision making functions, or (ii) the manager of one or more manufacturing, production, or operating facilities
            employing more than 250 persons or having gross annual sales or expenditures exceeding $25 million (in second-
            quarter 1980 dollars), if the authority to sign had been assigned or delegated to the manager in accordance with the
            corporate procedures;

            For a partnership or sole proprietorship: by a general partner of the propietor, or;

            For a municipality, state, Federal, or other public facility: by either a principal executive or ranking elected offical.
A Monitoring Action Plan for High-Risk-Runoff Facility Program                                                            Appendix B
Who Must File A Notice for Storm Water Discharges                      Define the scope of business activities for which the business
Associated with Industrial Activities Permit Application               shall be permitted.

Kansas City, MO Municipal Code Chapter 61 adopts by                    If there is another NPDES permit presently issued for the facility
reference Federal law at 40 CRF part 122 and also by reference         listed in Section II, enter the permit number. If an application has
in Kansas City, MO Administrative Code XX prohibiting point            been submitted but no permit number has been assigned, enter
source discharges of storm water associated with industrial            the application number.
activity to a water body(ies) of the US without a Municipal Storm
Water Discharge Permit. If you have questions about whether            Enter the primary and secondary SIC code. For industrial
you need a permit under the City of Kansas City Storm Water            activities defined in 40 CFR 122.26(b)(14)(I)-(x) that do not have
Ordinances, or if you need information, write to or telephone the      SIC codes that accurately describes the principal product, use the
SUD Division at (816) 513-0352.                                        following two character codes:

Where to File Permit Application                                       HZ = Hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal facilities,
                                                                       including those that are operating under interim status or a permit
Permit applications, ALONG with Storm Water Pollution                  under subtitle C of RCRA (40 CFR 122.26(b)(14)(iv);
Prevention Plan and a $XX fee made payable to the XX, must             SE = Steam electric power generating facilities, including coal
be sent to the following address:                                      handling sites (40 CFR 122.26(b)(14)(vii);
                                                                       TW = Treatment works treating domestic sewage or any other
Stormwater Utility Division                                            sewage sludge or wastewater treatment device or system, used in
Water Services Department                                              the storage, treatment, recycling, and reclamation of municipal or
         rd
4800 E 63 Street                                                       domestic sewage (40 CFR 122.26(b)(14)(ix);
Kansas City, MO 64130                                                  LF = Landfills and open dumps that receive industrial waste from
                                                                       any facility described in this subsection (40 CFR 122.26(b)(14)(v).
Completing The Form
                                                                       Indicate if this industrial facility is required to collect storm water
You must type or print, using upper-case letters, in the               samples for analysis and submit Discharge Monitoring Reports for
appropriate areas only. If you have any questions on this form,        Numerical Effluent Limitations. Refer to the permit for information
call The City of Kansas City at (816) 513-0352.                        on monitoring requirements. Indicate the monitoring status by
                                                                       checking Yes or No in the appropriate box.
Section I. Facility Owner/Operator Information
                                                                       Complete the section on Endangered Species Eligibility by
Provide the legal name, mailing address, and telephone number          checking the appropriate box.
of the person, firm, public organization, or any other entity that
either individually or together meet the following two criteria: (1)   Section IV. Certification
have operational control over the facility; and (2) have the day-
to-day operational control of those activities at the facility         Federal Statutes provide for severe penalties for submitting false
necessary to ensure compliance with plan requirements and              information on this application form. Federal regulations require
permit conditions. Do not use a colloquial name.                       this application to signed as follows:

Check the appropriate box to indicate the legal status of the          For a corporation: by a responsible corporate officer, which
operator of the facility: Federal; State; Public (other than Federal   means: (I) president, secretary, treasurer, or vice-president of the
or State); Private.                                                    corporation in charge of a principal business function, or any other
                                                                       person who performs similar policy or decision making functions,
Section II. Facility Site Information                                  or (ii) the manager of one or more manufacturing, production, or
                                                                       operating facilities employing more than 250 persons or having
Enter the Facility's official or legal name, local phone number,       gross annual sales or expenditures exceeding $25 million (in
and complete street and mailing address, including city, state,        second-quarter 1980 dollars), if the authority to sign had been
ZIP code, and county.                                                  assigned or delegated to the manager in accordance with the
                                                                       corporate procedures;

Section III. Facility Activity Information                             For a partnership or sole proprietorship: by a general partner of
                                                                       the propietor, or;
If the facility discharges storm water directly to receiving waters,
enter the name of the receiving waters.                                For a municipality, state, Federal, or other public facility: by either
                                                                       a principal executive or ranking elected offical.
        A Monitoring Action Plan for High-Risk-Runoff Facility Program                      Appendix D

                                                                                            Keep this form as part of
                              Kansas City, MO Water Services Department                     your Stormwater Pollution
                                                                                            Prevention Plan.
                                         Stormwater Utility Division                        No falsification. See
                                                                                            KCMO ordinance Chapter
                              Industrial Facility Quarterly Visual Monitoring Form          61



Facility Name                                                                    City Stormwater Permit Number


Facility Address                                                   City          State     ZIP Code
                                                                   Kansas City       MO
Sampler’s Name                                                              Rain              Snowmelt

Outfall ID (refer to site map)

Outfall description (e.g., ditch, concrete
pipe, grassed swales, etc.)

Monitoring Date

Est. time of rainfall start

Time of sample collection

Time of visual examination

Color (e.g., clear, red, yellow, etc.)

Odor (e.g., none, musty, sewage, rotten egg,
etc.)
Clarity (e.g., clear, cloudy, opaque, etc.)

Oil sheen

Floatables (e.g., none, foam, garbage, etc.)
Suspended solids

Settled solids (sediment, decayed plant
matter, rust particles, etc.)
Comments




Sampler’s Signature:                                                        Date:                                   .
A Monitoring Action Plan for High-Risk-Runoff Facility Program                                                                                   Appendix E

KCMO-SUD                                                      Kansas City, MO Water Services Department
  FORM                                                                Stormwater Utility Division
  IND 2                                                    NO EXPOSURE CERTIFICATION for Exclusion from
     September, 2006
                                                         Stormwater Quality (SWQ) Self-Monitoring Requirement
Submission of this No Exposure Certification constitutes notice that the entity identified in Section A is excluded from the self-monitoring requirement for
its stormwater discharges associated with industrial activity at the facility or site location in the City of Kansas City, MO identified in Section B, as
required under the Industrial and High Risk Runoff Program in the KCMO Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System Permit, MO-0130316, due to the
existence of a condition of no exposure.
A condition of no exposure exists at an industrial facility when all industrial materials and activities are protected by a storm resistant shelter to prevent
exposure to rain, snow, snowmelt, and/or runoff. Industrial materials or activities include, but are not limited to, material handling equipment or activities,
industrial machinery, raw materials, intermediate products, by-products, final products, or waste products. Material handling activities include the
storage, loading and unloading, transportation, or conveyance of any raw material, intermediate product, final product, or waste product. A storm
resistant shelter is not required for the following industrial materials and activities:
−       drums, barrels, tanks, and similar containers that are tightly sealed, provided those containers are not deteriorated and do not leak. "Sealed"
        means banded or otherwise secured and without operational taps or valves;
−       adequately maintained vehicles used in material handling; and
−       final products, other than products that would be mobilized in stormwater discharges (e.g., rock salt).
A No Exposure Certification must be provided for each facility qualifying for the no exposure exclusion. In addition, the exclusion from SWQ self-
monitoring is available on a facility-wide basis only, not for individual outfalls. If any industrial activities or materials are or will be exposed to
precipitation, the facility is not eligible for the no exposure exclusion.
By signing and submitting this No Exposure Certification form, the entity in Section A is certifying that a condition of no exposure exists at its facility or
site, and is obligated to comply with the terms and conditions of 40 CFR 122.26(g).
ALL INFORMATION MUST BE PROVIDED ON THIS FORM.
Detailed instructions for completing this form and obtaining the no exposure exclusion are provided on page 3.

A.      Facility Owner/Operator Information

        1. Name:                                                                                                                2. Phone:

        3. Mailing Address: a. Street:

                                                                                                                                                       -
             b. City:                                                                               c. State:               d. Zip Code:


B.      Facility/Site Location Information

        1.   Facility Name:

        2.   a. Street Address:

             b. City:                                                                                c. County:

             d. State:               e. Zip Code:                       -

        3.   Is this a Federal facility?                      Yes              No   
                                     º          '         "                                           º           '             "
        4.   A. Latitude:                                           b. Longitude:

        5.   a. Was the facility or site previously covered under NO EXPOSURE CERTIFICATION?                          Yes              No   
             b. If yes, enter the date that the CERTIFICATION was last issued:

        6.   SIC/Activity Codes:     Primary:                        Secondary (if applicable):

        7.   Total size of site associated with industrial activity: _______________ acres

        8.   a. Have you paved or roofed over a formerly exposed, pervious area in order to qualify for the no exposure exclusion?               Yes          No   
             b. If yes, please indicate approximately how much area was paved or roofed over. Completing this question does not disqualify you for the no
                 exposure exclusion. However, your permitting authority may use this information in considering whether stormwater discharges from your
                 site are likely to have an adverse impact on water quality, in which case you could be required to obtain permit coverage.
                                           Less than one acre              One to five acres            More than five acres      


                                                                                                                                                           Page 1 of 3
A Monitoring Action Plan for High-Risk-Runoff Facility Program                                                                          Appendix E

KCMO-SUD                                                    Kansas City, MO Water Services Department
  FORM                                                              Stormwater Utility Division
  IND 2                                                  NO EXPOSURE CERTIFICATION for Exclusion from
     September, 2006
                                                       Stormwater Quality (SWQ) Self-Monitoring Requirement

C.     Exposure Checklist

       Are any of the following materials or activities exposed to precipitation, now or in the foreseeable future?
       (Please check either "Yes" or "No" in the appropriate box.) If you answer "Yes" to any of these questions
       (1) through (11), you are not eligible for the no exposure exclusion.

                                                                                                                                       Yes        No
       1.    Using, storing or cleaning industrial machinery or equipment, and areas where residuals from using,                                 
             storing or cleaning industrial machinery or equipment remain and are exposed to stormwater
       2.    Materials or residuals on the ground or in stormwater inlets from spills/leaks                                                      
       3.    Materials or products from past industrial activity                                                                                 
       4.    Material handling equipment (except adequately maintained vehicles)                                                                 
       5.    Materials or products during loading/unloading or transporting activities                                                           
       6.    Materials or products stored outdoors (except final products intended for outside use (e.g., new cars)                              
             where exposure to stormwater does not result in the discharge of pollutants)
       7.    Materials contained in open, deteriorated or leaking storage drums, barrels, tanks, and similar containers                          
       8.    Materials or products handled/stored on roads or railways owned or maintained by the discharger                                     
       9.    Waste material (except waste in covered, non-leaking containers [e.g., dumpsters])                                                  
      10.    Application or disposal of process wastewater (unless otherwise permitted)                                                          
      11.    Particulate matter or visible deposits of residuals from roof stacks and/or vents not otherwise regulated                           
             (i.e., under an air quality control permit) and evident in the stormwater outflow




D.     Certification Statement

       I certify under penalty of law that I have read and understand the eligibility requirements for claiming a condition of "no exposure" and obtaining an
       exclusion from SWQ self-monitoring requirement.

       I certify under penalty of law that there are no discharges of stormwater contaminated by exposure to industrial activities or materials from the
       industrial facility or site identified in this document (except as allowed under 40 CFR 122.26(g)(2)).

       I understand that I am obligated to submit a no exposure certification form once every five years to the Stormwater Utility Division of Water
       Services Department, Kansas City, MO, the operator of the local municipal separate storm sewer system (MS4) into which the facility discharges
       (where applicable). I understand that I must allow the MS4 operator to perform inspections to confirm the condition of no exposure and to make
       such inspection reports publicly available upon request.

       Additionally, I certify under penalty of law that this document and all attachments were prepared under my direction or supervision in accordance
       with a system designed to assure that qualified personnel properly gathered and evaluated the information submitted. Based on my inquiry of the
       person or persons who manage the system, or those persons directly responsible for gathering the information, the information submitted is to the
       best of my knowledge and belief true, accurate and complete. I am aware that there are significant penalties for submitting false information,
       including the possibility of fine and imprisonment for knowing violations.


       Print Name:


       Print Title:



       Signature:      _______________________________________________________________________________________________


       Date:

                       Month Day Year




                                                                                                                                                Page 2 of 3
A Monitoring Action Plan for High-Risk-Runoff Facility Program                                                                                                  Appendix E

KCMO-SUD                                                                Kansas City, MO Water Services Department
  FORM                                                                          Stormwater Utility Division
  IND 2                                                              NO EXPOSURE CERTIFICATION for Exclusion from
     September, 2006
                                                                   Stormwater Quality (SWQ) Self-Monitoring Requirement
Who May File a No Exposure Certification                                                            Latitude and longitude for a facility in decimal form must be converted to Degrees
                                                                                                    (º), minutes ('), and seconds (") for proper entry on the certification form. To
Federal law at 40 CFR Part 122.26 and Missouri State regulation 10 CSR 20-6.200                     convert decimal latitude or longitude to degrees/minutes/seconds, follow the
prohibit point source discharges of stormwater associated with industrial activity to               steps in the following example.
waters of the U.S. and/or of the State without a National Pollutant Discharge
Elimination System (NPDES) permit. However, NPDES permit coverage is not                            Example: Convert decimal latitude 45.1234567 to degrees (º), minutes ('), and
required for discharges of stormwater associated with industrial activities identified              seconds (").
at 40 CFR 122.26(b)(14)(i)-(ix) and (xi) if the discharger can certify that a condition
of "no exposure" exists at the industrial facility or site.                                         a)     The numbers to the left of the decimal point are the degrees: 45º.

Stormwater discharges from construction activities identified in 40 CFR                             b)     To obtain minutes, multiply the first four numbers to the right of the decimal
122.26(b)(14)(x) and (b)(15) are not eligible for the no exposure exclusion.                               point by 0.006: 1234 x 0.006 = 7.404.

Obtaining and Maintaining the No Exposure Exclusion                                                 c)     The numbers to the left of the decimal point in the result obtained in (b) are
                                                                                                           the minutes: 7'.
This form is used to certify that a condition of no exposure exists at the industrial
facility or site described herein. This certification is only applicable for the City of            d)     To obtain seconds, multiply the remaining three numbers to the right of the
Kansas City, MO jurisdiction and must be re-submitted at least once every five                             decimal from the result obtained in (b) by 0.06: 404 x 0.06 = 24.24. Since
years.                                                                                                     the numbers to the right of the decimal point are not used, the result is 24".

The industrial facility operator must maintain a condition of no exposure at its                    e)     The conversion for 45.1234567 = 45º 7' 24".
facility or site in order for the no exposure exclusion to remain applicable. If
conditions change resulting in the exposure of materials and activities to                    5.    Indicate whether the facility was previously covered under NO EXPOSURE
stormwater, the facility operator must report to the Stormwater Utility Division                    CERTIFICATION. If so, provide the last issuance date.
immediately at (816) 513-0371.
                                                                                              6.    Enter the 4-digit SIC code which identifies the facility's primary activity, and
Where to File the No Exposure Certification Form                                                    second 4-digit SIC code identifying the facility's secondary activity, if applicable.
                                                                                                    SIC codes can be obtained from the Standard Industrial Classification Manual,
Mail the completed no exposure certification form to:                                               1987.

       SW No Exposure Certification                                                           7.    Enter the total size of the site associated with industrial activity in acres. Acreage
       Stormwater Utility Division                                                                  may be determined by dividing square footage by 43,560, as demonstrated in the
       Water Services Department                                                                    following example.
                rd
       4800 E 63 Street
                                                                                                                              2
       Kansas City, MO 64130                                                                        Example: Convert 54,450 ft to acres
                                                                                                                     2
Completing the Form                                                                                 Divide 54,450 ft by 43,560 square feet per acre:
                                                                                                    54,450 ft2 ÷ 43,560 ft2/acre = 1.25 acres.
You must type or print, using uppercase letters, in appropriate areas only. Enter
only one character per space (i.e., between the marks). Abbreviate if necessary to            9.   Check "Yes" or "No" as appropriate to indicate whether you have paved or roofed
stay within the number of characters allowed for each item. Use one space for                      over a formerly exposed, pervious area (i.e., lawn, meadow, dirt or gravel
breaks between words. One form must be completed for each facility or site for                     road/parking lot) in order to qualify for no exposure. If yes, also indicate
which you are seeking to certify a condition of no exposure. If you have any                       approximately how much area was paved or roofed over and is now impervious
questions on this form, call Stormwater Utility Division at (816) 513-0371. Please                 area.
make sure you have addressed all applicable questions and have made a
photocopy for your records before sending the completed form to the above                     Section C. Exposure Checklist
address.
                                                                                              Check "Yes" or "No" as appropriate to describe the exposure conditions at your facility.
Section A. Facility Operator Information                                                      If you answer "Yes" to ANY of the questions (1) through (11) in this section, a potential
                                                                                              for exposure exists at your site and you cannot certify to a condition of no exposure.
1.     Provide the legal name of the person, firm, public organization, or any other          You can institute modifications to eliminate the potential for a discharge of stormwater
       entity that operates the facility or site described in this certification. The name    exposed to industrial activity, and then certify to a condition of no exposure.
       of the operator may or may not be the same as the name of the facility. The
       operator is the legal entity that controls the facility's operation, rather than the   Section D. Certification Statement
       plant or site manager.
                                                                                              Federal statutes provide for severe penalties for submitting false information on this
2.     Provide the telephone number of the facility operator.                                 application form. Federal regulations require this application to be signed as follows:

3.     Provide the mailing address of the operator (P.O. Box numbers may be                        For a corporation: by a responsible corporate officer, which means:
       used). Include the city, state, and zip code. All correspondence will be sent to
       this address.                                                                               (i)   President, secretary, treasurer, or vice-president of the corporation in charge
                                                                                                         of a principal business function, or any other person who performs similar
Section B. Facility/Site Location Information                                                            policy or decision making functions for the corporation, or
                                                                                                   (ii) the manager of one or more manufacturing, production, or operating facilities,
1.     Enter the official or legal name of the facility or site.                                        provided the manager is authorized to make management decisions which
                                                                                                        govern the operation of the regulated facility including having the explicit or
2.     Enter the complete street address (if no street address exists, provide a                        implicit duty of making major capital investment recommendations, and
       geographic description [e.g., Intersection of Routes 9 and 55]), city, county,                   initiating and directing other comprehensive measures to assure long term
       state, and zip code. Do not use a P.O. Box number.                                               environmental compliance with environmental laws and regulations; the
                                                                                                        manager can ensure that the necessary systems are established or actions
3.     Indicate whether the industrial facility is operated by a department or agency                   taken to gather complete and accurate information for permit application
       of the Federal Government (see also Section 313 of the Clean Water Act).                         requirements; and where authority to sign documents has been assigned or
                                                                                                        delegated to the manager in accordance with corporate procedures;
4.     Enter the latitude and longitude of the approximate center of the facility or site
       in degrees/minutes/seconds. Latitude and longitude can be obtained from                     For a partnership or sole proprietorship: by a general partner or the proprietor; or
       United States Geological Survey (USGS) quadrangle or topographic maps,
       by calling 1 - (888) ASK-USGS, or by accessing Maptechs web site at                         For a municipal, State, Federal, or other public facility: by either a principal
       http://www.maptech.com/ and selecting Maptech MapServer under the                           executive or ranking elected official.
       Online Maps section, or by accessing http://www.topozone.com and inserting
       Kansas City, MO at the Place Name Search located in the lower left corner.

                                                                                                                                                                          Page 3 of 3
        A Monitoring Action Plan for High-Risk-Runoff Facility Program                             Appendix F

                                                                                                     Send a signed copy of this form
                              Kansas City, MO Water Services Department                              to: High-Risk Runoff Industrial
                                                                                                     Facility Program; Stormwater
                                        Stormwater Utility Division                                  Utility Division, 4800 E, 63rd St.,
                                                                                                     Kansas City, MO 64130.
                                                                                                     No falsification. See KCMO
                              Industrial Facility Analytical Monitoring Results                      ordinance Chapter 61


Facility Name                                                                          City Stormwater Permit Number


Facility Address                                                                       City             State           ZIP Code
                                                                                       Kansas City        MO
SIC/Activity Codes                                        Discharge Sector


                              Monitoring Period ___________________ To ___________________

Outfall ID (refer to site map)                                                                                      Additional
                                                                                                                    comment
Outfall description (e.g., ditch,
concrete pipe, grassed swales, etc.)

Monitoring date & rain/snow

Est. time of rainfall start

Est. length of rainfall event

Time of sample collection

Last rain date & time

Parameter                        Unit                                                                               No.      Sample
                                                                                                                    Ex.      Type




Name/Title Principal executive officer     I CERTIFY UNDER PENALTY OF LAW THAT I HAVE PERSONALLY EXAMINED AND AM FAMILIAR
                                           WITH THE INFORMATION SUBMITTED HEREIN; AND BASED ON MY INQUIRY OF THOSE
                                           INDIVIDUALS IMMEIDTELY RESPONSIBLE FOR OBTAING THE INFORMATION. I BELIEVE THE
                                           SUMITTED INFORMATION IS TRUE, ACCURATE AND COMPLETE. I AM AWARE THAT THERE ARE
                                           SIGNIFICANT PENALTIES FOR SUBMITTING FALSE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE POSSIBILITY OF
Typed or Printed                           FINE AND IMPRISONMENT. SEE KCMO ORDINANCE ??



                                                            ___________________________              _________________
       Signature of principal executive officer              Telephone including area code                 Date
A Monitoring Action Plan for High-Risk-Runoff Facility Program                      Appendix G


Appendix G. Parameter benchmark values for analytical monitoring
(cited from EPA, 1999, Guidance Document for the Monitoring and Reporting Requirements of the NPDES
Multisector Storm Water General Permit).
                                                                          Benchmark Level
                              Parameter
                                                                              (mg/L)
Aluminum, Total Recoverable                                       0.75
Ammonia                                                           19.0

Arsenic, Total Recoverable                                        0.16854

Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD5)                                   30

Cadmium, Total Recoverable                                        0.0159

Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)                                      120.0

Copper, Total Recoverable                                         0.0636

Cyanide, Total                                                    0.0636

Iron, Total Recoverable                                           1.0

Lead, Total Recoverable                                           0.0816

Magnesium, Total Recoverable                                      0.0636

Mercury, Total Recoverable                                        0.0024

Nitrate+Nitrite Nitrogen                                          0.68

Nitrogen, Total Kjeldahl                                          1.5

Oil & Grease                                                      15

pH                                                                6.0 to 9.0 s.u.

Phosphorous                                                       2.0

Selenium, Total Recoverable                                       0.2385

Silver, Total Recoverable                                         0.03818

Total Organic Carbon (TOC)                                        50

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)                                      100
Zinc, Total Recoverable                                           0.117
                                                           ATTACHMENTS




A- 3   Kansas City, Missouri Stormwater Discharge Control Regulations
Legislation Text                                                                                               Page 1 of 12
                               COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE FOR ORDINANCE NO. 070395

Amending Chapter 61, Code of Ordinances of Kansas City, Missouri, entitled Stormwater, and enacting a new article,
Article III, entitled Stormwater Discharge Control Regulations, and containing Sections 61-50 through 61-70[mal1] .
WHEREAS, control of discharges to the stormwater system will provide for the health, safety, and general welfare of the
citizens of Kansas City, Missouri and will improve water quality within Kansas City, Missouri; and

WHEREAS, enacting Article III, Stormwater Discharge Control Regulations, will comply with federal and state
regulations; NOW, THEREFORE,

BE IT ORDAINED BY THE COUNCIL OF KANSAS CITY:
Section 1. That Chapter 61, Code of Ordinances of Kansas City, Missouri, is hereby amended by enacting a new article,
Article III, to read as follows:

                                            ARTICLE III
                             STORMWATER DISCHARGE CONTROL REGULATIONS

Sec. 61-50. Title and authority.

This article shall be known as the Kansas City, Missouri stormwater discharge control regulations and may be cited as
stormwater discharge control regulations or regulations. The Director of Water Services shall be responsible for the
administration and enforcement of this article.

Sec. 61-51. Purpose.

(a) The purpose of this article is to provide for the health, safety, and general welfare of the citizens of Kansas City,
Missouri through the regulation of stormwater and non-stormwater discharges to the storm drainage system to the
maximum extent practicable as required by federal and state law.

(b) The objectives of this article are:

(1) To regulate the contribution of pollutants to the storm drainage system by stormwater discharges by any user;

(2) To prohibit Illicit Connections and Discharges to the storm drainage system;

(3) To establish legal authority to carry out all inspection, surveillance, monitoring, and enforcement procedures necessary
               to ensure compliance with this article.
Sec. 61-52. Definitions and Rules of Construction.

(a) Definitions. Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meaning of terms used in this article shall be as
follows:

(1) Best Management Practices (BMPs) means schedules of activities, prohibitions of practices, general good
            housekeeping practices, pollution prevention and educational practices, maintenance procedures, and other
            management practices to prevent or reduce the discharge of pollutants directly or indirectly to stormwater,
            receiving waters, or stormwater conveyance systems. BMPs also include treatment practices, operating
            procedures, and practices to control site runoff, spillage or leaks, sludge or water disposal, or drainage from
            raw materials storage.

(2) Clean Water Act. The federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.), and any subsequent amendments
              thereto.

(3) Combined Sewer System (CSS) means a sewer system designed and operated to carry both stormwater and
            wastewater.

(4) Construction Activity means activities subject to NPDES Construction Permits or City Land-Disturbance Permits.

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Such activities include but are not limited to clearing and grubbing, grading, excavating, and demolition.

(5) Dechlorinated water means water containing not more than one milligram per liter of chlorine.

(6) Director means the Director of Water Services for Kansas City, Missouri or the Directors authorized representative(s).

       (7) Discharge means material directly or indirectly released to the Citys storm drainage system or the act of
              releasing material directly or indirectly to the Citys storm drainage system or to a watercourse within the
              boundaries of a premises.

(8) Discharger means any person that discharges to the citys storm drainage system.

(9) Hazardous Materials means any material, including any substance, waste, or combination thereof, which because of its
              quantity, concentration, or physical, chemical, or infectious characteristics may cause, or significantly
              contribute to, a substantial present or potential hazard to human health, safety, property, or the environment
              when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed.

(10) High-Risk Discharge means any discharge or release from any premises to the storm drainage system that contains or
                may contain pollutants at concentrations that would cause or contribute to a violation of water quality
                standards.
(11) Illicit Connection means any of the following:

a. Any drain or conveyance, whether on the surface or subsurface, which allows a prohibited discharge to enter the storm
                     drainage system including, but not limited to, any conveyances which allow any non-stormwater
                     discharge including wastewater, process wastewater, and wash water to enter the storm drainage
                     system and any connections to the storm drainage system from indoor drains and sinks, regardless
                     of whether said drain or connection had been previously allowed, permitted, or approved by the
                     Director except that discharge of wastewater not otherwise prohibited may be discharged to the
                     combined sewer system;

b. Any drain or conveyance connected from a commercial or industrial land use to the storm drainage system which has
                     not been documented in plans, maps, or equivalent records and approved by the Director;

c. Any drain or conveyance, whether surface or subsurface that delivers stormwater to the sanitary sewer system, unless
                     allowed under the Citys current building code;

d. Any connection from a roof drain, sump pump, area drain or yard drain that delivers storm water to the buildings
                     sanitary sewer (which conveys the buildings wastewater and connects to the public sewer) or to the
                     sanitary sewer system unless specifically authorized by the Director.

(12) Industrial Activity means activities subject to NPDES Industrial Permits as defined in 40 CFR, Section 122.26 (b)
                (14).

(13) Industrial User means any source of discharge into the storm drainage system from hazardous waste treatment,
               disposal, and recovery facilities; industrial facilities subject to SARA Title III Section 313; and other
               industrial or commercial facilities that the Director determines is contributing or has the potential to
               contribute a substantial pollutant loading to the storm drainage system.

(14) Missouri Clean Water Law means Chapter 644 of the Revised Statutes of Missouri and any subsequent amendments
              thereto.

(15) Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) means publicly-owned facilities by which stormwater is collected
              and/or conveyed, including but not limited to any roads with drainage systems, municipal streets, gutters,
              curbs, inlets, piped storm drains, pumping facilities, retention and detention basins, natural and human-
              made or altered drainage channels, reservoirs, and other drainage structures.


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Legislation Text                                                                                                 Page 3 of 12

(16) National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Storm Water Discharge Permit means a permit issued by
               EPA (or by a State under authority delegated pursuant to 33 USC 1342(b)) that authorizes the discharge of
               pollutants to waters of the United States, whether the permit is applicable on an individual, group, or
               general area-wide basis.

(17) Non-Stormwater Discharge means any discharge to the storm drainage system that contains pollutants or hazardous
             materials or that is a high-risk discharge.

       (18) Person means any individual, partnership, copartnership, firm, company, corporation, association, joint stock
              company, trust, estate, governmental entity or any other legal entity, or their legal representatives, agents or
              assigns.

(19) Pollutant means generally, any substance introduced into the environment that adversely affects the usefulness of a
               resource or the health of humans, animals, or ecosystems or that has the potential to violate water quality
               standards. Pollutants may include, but are not limited to: paints, varnishes, and solvents; oil and other
               automotive fluids; non-hazardous liquid and solid wastes and yard wastes; refuse, rubbish, garbage, litter,
               or other discarded or abandoned objects, ordinances, and accumulations, so that same may cause or
               contribute to pollution; floatables; pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers; hazardous substances and wastes;
               sewage, fecal coliform and pathogens; dissolved and particulate metals; animal wastes; wastes and residues
               that result from constructing a building or structure; and noxious or offensive matter of any kind.

(20) Premises means any building, lot, parcel of land, or portion of land whether improved or unimproved, including
              adjacent sidewalks and parking strips.

(21) Prohibited Discharge means any direct or indirect non-stormwater discharge to the storm drainage system, except as
               exempted in Section 61-56 of this Article.

(22) Storm Drainage System means the combined network of the MS4 and those portions of the public infrastructure
             designed to convey stormwater to the CSS.

(23) Stormwater means any surface flow, runoff, or drainage consisting entirely of water from any form of natural
             precipitation.

(24) Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan means a document which describes the Best Management Practices and
             activities to identify sources of pollution or contamination at a site and the actions to eliminate or reduce
             pollutant discharges to stormwater, the storm drainage system, and/or receiving waters to the maximum
             extent practicable.

(25) Wastewater means any water or other liquid, other than uncontaminated stormwater, discharged from a facility.

(26) Watercourse means any surface drainage way, natural or manmade, including any creek, culvert, ditch, stream or
             river which carries stormwater.

(27) Waters of the State means all rivers, streams, lakes and other bodies of surface and subsurface water lying within or
              forming a part of the boundaries of the state of Missouri which are not entirely confined and located
              completely upon lands owned, leased or otherwise controlled by a single person or by two (2) or more
              persons jointly or as tenants in common. These waters also include waters of the United States lying within
              or adjacent to the state of Missouri.

(b) Rules of construction. Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the construction of terms used in this
article shall be as follows:

       (1) "Shall" is mandatory; "may" is permissive or discretionary.

       (2)   The singular shall be construed to include the plural and the plural shall include the singular as indicated by

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       the context.

       (3) The masculine shall be construed to include the feminine.

Sec. 61-53. Abbreviations.

       For the purposes of this article, the following abbreviations shall have the designated meanings:

CFR--Code of Federal Regulations.
CSS- Combined Sewer System
EPA--United States Environmental Protection Agency.
MS4 - Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System
NPDES--National pollutant discharge elimination system.
USC--United States Code.

Sec. 61-54. Applicability.

This article shall apply to all water entering the storm drainage system and to stormwater discharge entering the sanitary
sewer system unless explicitly exempted by the Director.

Sec. 61-55. Minimum Standards.

       (a)     The standards set forth herein and promulgated pursuant to this article are minimum standards.
Compliance with this article does not ensure that there will be no contamination, pollution, or unauthorized discharge of
pollutants.

        (b)      This article or any administrative decision made under it does not exempt any person from any other
requirements of this code, state or federal laws, or from procuring any required permits, or limit the right of any person to
maintain, at any time, any appropriate action, at law or in equity, for relief or for damages against any person arising from
the activity regulated under this article.

Sec. 61-56. Prohibitions.

(a) Prohibited Discharges.

(1) No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged into the municipal storm drainage system or watercourses any
              prohibited discharges.

(2) No person shall commence, conduct or continue any prohibited discharge to the storm drainage system except as
             described as follows:

(a) The following discharges are not prohibited discharges:

(1) Water line flushing or other potable water sources,

(2) Landscape irrigation or lawn watering,

(3) Diverted stream flows,

(4) Rising ground water,

(5) Ground water infiltration to storm drains,

(6) Uncontaminated pumped ground water,

(7) Foundation or footing drainage (not including discharges from active groundwater dewatering systems),

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(8) Discharges from crawl space pumps,

(9) Air conditioning condensation,

(10) Springs,

(11) Discharges from non-commercial washing of vehicles,
(12) Natural riparian habitat or wet-land flows,

(13) Dechlorinated water from swimming pools,

(14) Water from fire fighting activities,

(15) Any water not containing pollutants

       (16) Discharges specified in writing by the Director as being necessary to protect public health and safety.

(b) Dye testing is an allowable discharge if written notification is provided to the Director prior to the time of the test.
(c) Any non-stormwater discharge permitted under an NPDES permit, waiver, or waste discharge order issued to the
                        discharger and administered under the authority of EPA is exempt from discharge prohibitions
                        established by this article provided that the discharger is in full compliance with all requirements of
                        the permit, waiver, or order and other applicable laws and regulations, and provided that written
                        approval has been granted for any discharge to the storm drainage system.

(b) Illicit Connections.

(1) The construction, use, maintenance or continued existence of illicit connections to the storm drainage system or
              sanitary sewer system is prohibited.

(2) This prohibition expressly includes, without limitation, illicit connections made in the past, regardless of whether the
               connection was permissible under law or practices applicable or prevailing at the time of connection.

(3) A person is considered to be in violation of this article if the person connects a line conveying sewage to the MS4, or
               allows such a connection to continue.

Sec. 61-57. Monitoring of discharges.

(a) Applicability. This section applies to all dischargers to the Citys storm drainage system, including construction
activity.

(b) Access to Premises and Facilities

(1) Any person shall allow the Director ready access to all parts of the premises for the purposes of inspection, sampling,
              examination and copying of records that must be kept under the conditions of an NPDES permit to
              discharge stormwater, and the performance of any additional duties as defined by state and federal law.

(2) The Director shall have the right to conduct monitoring and/or sampling of any premises stormwater discharge before
              the discharge enters the storm drainage system.

(3) If the Director is not allowed to conduct monitoring and/or sampling of a premises stormwater discharge, the Director
                may suspend system access under Section 61-62.

       (c)       Monitoring of discharges.
       (1)       The Director may require a discharger to install monitoring equipment and conduct sampling of its
                discharges to the Storm Drainage System as necessary and in a manner acceptable to the Director.

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       Sampling and monitoring equipment installed pursuant to this section shall be maintained at all times in a safe and
             proper operating condition by the discharger at its own expense. All devices used to measure stormwater
             flow and quality shall be calibrated to ensure their accuracy.

       (2)      When the Director requires a discharger to conduct sampling under this Section, all stormwater discharge
               samples shall be collected in accordance with 40 CFR 122.21(g) (7), as may be amended from time to
               time, and pollutant analyses shall be performed in accordance with 40 CFR Part 136, as may be amended
               from time to time. If 40 CFR Part 136 does not specify analytical techniques for the pollutant in question,
               analyses must be performed in accordance with procedures approved in writing by the Director.

       (3)      Any discharger required to collect samples pursuant to this section shall maintain the following records
               and information for all such samples:

               (a)        The date, exact place, method and time of sampling;

               (b)        The name(s) of the person(s) collecting the samples;

               (c)        The date the analyses were performed;

               (d)        Who performed the analyses;

               (e)        The analytical protocols, techniques, and methods used; and

               (f)         The results of such analyses.

       (4)      The records of any sampling or monitoring conducted pursuant to this section shall be maintained by the
               discharger for a period of at least 3 years, unless the discharger has been specifically notified of a longer
               retention period by the Director. The three-year retention period shall be extended automatically for the
               duration of any litigation concerning compliance with this article.

Sec. 61-58. Requirement to prevent, control, and reduce stormwater pollutants.

Dischargers shall provide, at their own expense, reasonable protection from accidental discharge of prohibited materials
or other wastes into the storm drainage system. Any person responsible for premises, which is, or may be, the source of a
prohibited or high-risk discharge or has an illicit connection, may be required to implement, at said person's expense,
BMPs to prevent the further discharge of pollutants to the storm drainage system. For those facilities required by state or
federal law to have an NPDES stormwater discharge permit, compliance with all terms and conditions of a valid NPDES
permit authorizing the discharge of stormwater associated with industrial activity, to the extent practicable, shall be
deemed in compliance with the provisions of this section.

Sec. 61-59. Industrial users.

       (a)      Applicability. The following additional requirements shall apply to all industrial users.

        (b)       Self-monitoring and self-inspections. The Director may require industrial users to conduct self-
inspections, self-monitoring of stormwater discharges, and provide reports of such activities to the Director in a manner
deemed appropriate by the Director.

       (c)     Records maintenance and retention. Industrial users shall maintain the following records and shall retain
such records for a period of at least 3 years, unless the discharger has been specifically notified of a longer retention
period by the Director. The three-year retention period shall be extended automatically for the duration of any litigation
concerning compliance with this article:

       (1)      Date and time, volume and methods of removal and disposal and location of disposal site(s) for solids,
               sludge, grease, filter backwash, or other pollutants removed in the course of treatment or control of
               wastewater. Records of receipt by the disposal facility of all such wastes removed from the industrial users

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       premises shall also be maintained;

       (2)      Material safety data sheets, incoming hazardous waste manifests, outgoing hazardous waste manifests,
               records of sludge and other residual waste disposal, sampling records, analytical reports, production
               records, purchase records, reports submitted to regulatory agencies and other related records;

       (3)      Any permit applications, reports, and other records concerning industrial user discharges.

       (d)     Pollution prevention plans. The Director may require industrial users to prepare, submit for review and
comment, and implement stormwater pollution prevention plans as set forth in this section. The submitted pollution
prevention plans shall be modified in accordance with the Directors comments within the timeframe established by the
Director. Review of such plans shall not relieve the industrial user from responsibility for modifying its facility as
necessary to meet the requirement of this article. Such pollution prevention plans shall address the following items:

       (1)      Description and location of stored chemicals, raw materials and other significant materials;

       (2)      Prevention of exposure of significant materials to precipitation;

       (3)      On-site stormwater treatment;

       (4)      Spill prevention, including:

               a.       Selection and construction of equipment;

               b.      Equipment operation, maintenance, and inspection procedures;

               c.       Personnel training and supervision; and

               d.      Security measures to prevent vandalism;

       (5)      Spill containment;

       (6)      Procedures for immediate notification to the Water Services Department of any spill or accidental
               discharge of significant materials to the storm drainage system, and procedures for follow-up written
               notification.

       (7)       Procedures to prevent adverse impacts of any spill. Such procedures include, but are not limited to:
               inspection and maintenance of storage areas, handling and transfer of materials, loading and unloading
               operations, control of plant site runoff, worker training, measures for containing materials, and emergency
               response procedures and equipment;

       (8)      Such other practices, facilities, or methods as required by the Director.

        (e) Monitoring and Control of Discharges. The Director may require industrial users to monitor and control their
contribution of pollutants to the storm drainage system. The Director may require industrial users to implement BMPs
where deemed necessary by the Director to achieve the objectives of the Citys stormwater management program. The
Director may establish monitoring requirements, pollutant limitations and other restrictions on industrial user discharges
to the storm drainage system. Such monitoring requirements, pollutant limitations, or other restrictions may be as
stringent as or more stringent than requirements set forth in an NPDES permit issued by the state or EPA to the industrial
user for such discharge, if deemed necessary by the Director to achieve the objectives of the Citys stormwater
management program.

Sec. 61-60. Industrial users outside of City.

       The City may enter into agreements with other jurisdictions to require industrial user sampling, obtain
information, and monitor and control the quality of indirect discharges to the City's storm drainage system from industrial

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       users located outside the City.




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Sec. 61-61. Industrial or construction activity discharges.

(a) Any person subject to an industrial or construction activity NPDES stormwater discharge permit shall comply with all
provisions of such permit. Proof of compliance with said permit may be required in a form acceptable to the Director prior
to the allowing of discharges to the storm drainage system.

(b) Stormwater management for construction activity shall comply with the City Code.

Sec. 61-62. Suspension of system access.

        (a)     Suspension Due to Prohibited Discharges in Emergency Situations. The Director may, without prior
notice, suspend storm drainage system discharge access for a person when such suspension is necessary to stop an actual
or threatened discharge which presents or may present imminent and substantial danger to the environment, or to the
health or welfare of persons, or to the storm drainage system or waters of the state. If a person fails to comply with such
suspension order, the Director may take such steps as deemed necessary to prevent or minimize damage to the storm
drainage system or waters of the state, or to minimize danger to persons.

       (b)      Suspension Due to the Detection of Prohibited Discharge or Illicit Connection.

       (1)      Any person discharging to the storm drainage system in violation of this article may have their storm
               drainage system access suspended if such suspension would abate or reduce a prohibited discharge.

       (2)      Any person having an illicit connection to the sanitary sewer system in violation of this article may have
               their sanitary sewer system access suspended if such suspension would abate the prohibited discharge.

       (3)      The Director shall provide notification of the proposed suspension of storm drainage system access prior
               to such suspension. Any person receiving such notice may petition the Director for a reconsideration and
               hearing.

       (c)      Suspension Due to Refusal to Allow Monitoring and/or Sampling

       (1)      Any person who does not allow the Director to conduct monitoring and/or sampling of any premises
               stormwater discharge before the discharge enters the storm drainage system may have their storm drainage
               system access suspended.

       (2)      The Director shall provide notification of the proposed suspension of storm drainage system access prior
               to such suspension. Any person receiving such notice may petition the Director for a reconsideration and
               hearing

       (d)      No person shall reinstate storm drainage system access to premises suspended pursuant to this section,
without the prior approval of the Director.

Sec. 61-63. Notification of spills.

(a) Notwithstanding other requirements of law, notification must be made as soon as any person responsible for a facility
or operation, or responsible for emergency response for a facility or operation has information of any known or suspected
release of materials which are resulting or may result in prohibited discharges into stormwater, the storm drainage system,
or waters of the state. Said person shall take all necessary steps to ensure the discovery, containment, and cleanup of such
release.

(b) In the event of such a release of hazardous materials said person shall immediately, but no later than two hours after
discovery of the release, notify emergency response agencies of the occurrence via emergency dispatch services. In the
event of a release of non-hazardous materials, said person shall notify the Director in person or by phone or facsimile no
later than the next business day. Notifications in person or by phone shall be confirmed by written notice addressed and
mailed to the Director within three business days of the phone notice.


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(c) If the discharge of prohibited materials emanates from a commercial or industrial establishment, the owner or operator
of such establishment shall also retain an on-site written record of the discharge and the actions taken to prevent its
recurrence. Such records shall be retained for at least three years.

Sec. 61-64. Notice of violation.

Whenever the Director shall have determined that a violation of this article has occurred on any premises within the citys
corporate limits, he shall serve a written notice of violation upon the owner or occupant having control thereof, or their
agent, to abate such violation. The notice of violation shall:

(1) Be in writing.

(2) State the nature of such violation and that such condition constitutes a violation.

(3) Describe the premises where the violation is alleged to exist or to have been committed.

(4) Specify a period of 15 days for the abatement of the violation and that owner or occupant shall submit documentation
               of the abatement to the Director within that period.

(5) State that, unless such violation is abated without unnecessary delay, it may be abated by the city and the costs of such
                 abatement may be specially assessed and shall be deemed a personal debt against the owner and constitute
                 a lien against the premises from which abated.

(6) State that failure, neglect or refusal to abate such violation within 15 days specified renders the owner or occupant
                prosecutable in municipal court, and, upon a finding of guilty, punishable by a fine of not more than
                $500.00 or imprisonment of not more than 180 days, or by both such fine and imprisonment. Each day of
                continuing violation shall be considered a separate offense.

(7) Be served upon the owner or occupant of the premises by delivery to him personally or by leaving such notice at his
              usual place of abode with a member of the family over the age of 15 years, or by mail addressed to the
              owner, occupant or agent. If a person to whom such notice is addressed cannot be found after diligent
              effort to do so, service may be made upon such person by posting the notice on or about the premises
              described in the notice, or by causing such notice to be published in a newspaper of general circulation. If
              the owner or occupant is a corporation, notice shall be served upon an officer, a person in charge of any
              local business office, or its registered agent or any other agent authorized by appointment or required by
              law to receive service of process.

Sec. 61-65. Appeal of notice of violation.

Any person receiving a Notice of Violation may appeal the determination of Director. The notice of appeal must be
received within 10 days from the date of the Notice of Violation in a form prescribed by the Director. The Director shall
hold a hearing on each duly filed appeal and decide whether to affirm, amend or reverse the Notice of Violation appealed.
The decision of the Director or his designee shall be final.[mal2]

[jch3] Sec.   61-66. Abatement.

If the violation has not been corrected pursuant to the requirements set forth in the Notice of Violation, or, in the event of
an appeal, within 15 days of the decision of the Director, then representatives of Director may take any and all measures
necessary to abate the violation and/or restore the premises[mal4] .

Sec 61-67. Cost of abatement of the violation.

Within 60 days after abatement of the violation by the City, the owner of the poeperty[mal5] will be notified of the cost of
abatement, including administrative costs. The property[mal6] owner may file a written protest objecting to the amount of
the assessment within 15 days. If the amount due is not paid within a timely manner as determined by the Director or by
the expiration of the time in which to file an appeal, the charges shall become a special assessment against the property

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[mal7]   and shall constitute a lien on the property[mal8] for the amount of the assessment.

Sec. 61-68. Violations deemed a public nuisance.

Any condition caused or allowed to exist in violation of any of the provisions of this article is a threat to public health,
safety, and welfare, and is hereby declared to constitute a nuisance.




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Sec. 61-69. Penalty.

(a) Any person convicted of a violation of this article shall be punished for that violation by a fine of not less than $50.00
but not more than $500.00, or by imprisonment of not more than 180 days, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

(b) Every day that a violation continues shall be considered a separate offense, for which the violator may be arrested,
tried and convicted without necessity of further notice.

Sec. 61-70. Remedies not exclusive.

The remedies listed in this article are not exclusive of any other remedies available under any applicable federal, state or
local law and it is within the discretion of the Director to seek any available remedy.

                             ____________________________________________________

Approved as to form and legality:


____________________________
Cecilia OConnor Abbott
Assistant City Attorney




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