Tennessee Academic Vocabulary – 4th grade - Download as DOC by linzhengnd


									Tennessee Academic Vocabulary – Seventh Grade Social Studies

                                                 Curriculum Area:

WORD            DEFINITION                              CURRICULUM OPPORTUNITIES   NUMBER OF

autocracy       Pronunciation: o-'täk-r&-sE
                Function: noun
                Inflected Form(s): plural -cies
                : government in which one person
                has unlimited power

conservation    Pronunciation: "kän(t)-s&r-'vA-
                Function: noun
                : a careful preservation and
                protection of something; especially :
                planned management of a natural
                resource to prevent exploitation,
                pollution, destruction, or neglect

contemporary    Pronunciation: k&n-'tem-p&-
                Function: adjective
                1 : living or occurring at the same
                period of time
                2 : of the present time : MODERN,

deforestation   Pronunciation: (")dE-"for-&-
                'stA-sh&n, -"fär-
                Function: noun
                  : the action or process of clearing an
                  area of forests; also : the state of
                  having been cleared of forests
                  - de·for·est /(')dE-'for-&st, -
                  'fär-/ verb

demographics      Numbers relating to the statistical
                  study of human populations

depression        an economic condition marked
                  by drastic decline in
                  production and sales and a
                  severe increase in

dictatorship      form of government in which a
                  ruler holds power by force

drought           Variant(s): also drouth /'draut,
                  Function: noun
                  : a long period of dry weather
                  - droughty /-E/ adjective

Economic system   Pronunciation: "ek-&-'näm-ik,
                  Function: adjective
                  1 a : of or relating to the science of
                  economics <economic theories> b :
                  of, relating to, or based on the
                  production, distribution, and
                  consumption of goods and services
              <economic growth>
              2 : having practical or industrial uses
              : affecting material resources
              <economic pests>

estuary       Pronunciation: 'es-ch&-"wer-E
              Function: noun
              Inflected Form(s): plural -ar·ies
              : a passage where the tide meets a
              river current; especially : an arm of
              the sea at the lower end of a river
              - es·tu·a·rine /'es-ch&-w&-"rIn/

exploration   1 a : the act of searching through :
              look into <exploring new ideas> b :
              going into or traveling over for
              purposes of discovery or adventure
              <explore a cave> <explore the
              moon> c : examining carefully and
              in detail especially in order to make
              a diagnosis <explore a wound>
              2 : making a careful search <explore
              for oil>

famine        Pronunciation: 'fam-&n
              Function: noun
              1 : an extreme general shortage of
              2 : a great shortage

fjord         Variant(s): also fiord /fE-'ord/
              Function: noun
              Etymology: Norwegian
              : a narrow inlet of the sea between
              cliffs or steep slopes
Global warming     warming is the observed
                   increase in the average
                   temperature of the Earth's
                   atmosphere and oceans in recent
                   decades and its projected

Growth rate        an expression of the increase in size
                   of an organic object per unit of time.

immigration        Pronunciation: 'im-&-"grAt
                   Function: verb
                   Inflected Form(s): -grat·ed; -
                   : to come into a foreign country to
                   - im·mi·gra·tion /"im-&-'grA-
                   sh&n/ noun

Infant mortality   The death rate of infants

inflation          an economic condition in
                   which prices rise substantially
                   over a significant period of

international      Pronunciation: "int-&r-'nash-
                   n&l, -&n-&l
                   Function: adjective
                   1 : of, relating to, affecting, or
                involving two or more nations
                <international trade>
                2 : active, known, or reaching
                beyond national boundaries <an
                international reputation>
                - in·ter·na·tion·al·ly /-'nash-n&-
                lE, -&n-&l-E/ adverb

lagoon          Pronunciation: l&-'gün
                Function: noun
                : a shallow channel or pond near or
                connected with a larger body of

NAFTA           North American Free Trade

Non-renewable   NOT capable of being replaced by
                natural ecological cycles or sound
                management procedures
                <renewable resources like water,
                wildlife, forests, and grasslands>

occupation      Pronunciation: "äk-y&-'pA-sh&n
                Function: noun
                1 : one's business or profession
                2 : the taking possession and control
                of an area <occupation of a
                conquered country>

oppression      Pronunciation: &-'presh-&n
                Function: noun
                1 : cruel or unjust use of authority or
                   2 : a feeling of low spirits

phenomena          Pronunciation: fi-'näm-&-"nän,
                   Function: noun
                   Inflected Form(s): plural
                   phenome·na /-n&, -"nä /; or -
                   1 plural phenomena : an observable
                   fact or event
                   2 : a fact, feature, or event of
                   scientific interest
                   3 a : a rare or important fact or event
                   b plural phenomenons : an
                   exceptional, unusual, or abnormal
                   person or thing

Political system   A political system is a social
                   system of politics and
                   government. It is usually
                   compared to the law system,
                   economic system, cultural
                   system, and other social

recession          an economic condition
                   characterized by a mild
                   increase in unemployment
                   and a moderate decline in
                   production and sales

renewable          Pronunciation: ri-'n(y)ü-&-b&l
                   Function: adjective
             1 : capable of being renewed
             2 : capable of being replaced by
             natural ecological cycles or sound
             management procedures
             <renewable resources like water,
             wildlife, forests, and grasslands>

Resource     In strategic planning, a
allocation   resource-allocation decision is
             a plan for using available
             resources, for example human
             resources, especially in the
             near term, to achieve goals for
             the future.

scarcity     Pronunciation: 'sker-s&t-E,
             Function: noun
             Inflected Form(s): plural -ties
             : the quality or state of being scarce
             : a very small supply

thematic     Pronunciation: 'thEm
             Function: noun
             1 a : a subject for a work of
             literature, art, or music <guilt and
             punishment is the theme of the
             story> b : a specific and distinctive
             quality, characteristic, or concern
             <the house was decorated in a
             country theme>
             2 : a written exercise :
topography   Pronunciation: t&-'päg-r&-fE
             Function: noun
             1 : the art or practice of showing on
             maps or charts the heights and
             depths of the features of a place
             2 : the shape and height and depth
             of the features of a place

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