Works Cited - APA Format

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                                      APA Works Cited Format
What is APA Style?
American Psychological Association (APA) style is one of several styles for academic
writing. It is used in psychology and other social sciences, including sociology and
anthropology. The following style guide is based on the APA 6 Edition. Note that
punctuation and italicized font matters.

General Works Cited Format:

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for
subtitle. Location: Publisher.


Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title
of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.

Internet Article

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article.Title of
Online Periodical, volume number(issue number if available). Retrieved on
(Retrieval Date), Retrieved from

Internet Website (General) – Include as many of the details as possible. Not all websites are well annotated.

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of document.
Retrieved on (Retrieval Date), Retrieved from http://Web address on Date

Please note that when there is no author to be found the Editor or Publishing Company’s name is
used instead at the beginning.

In-Text Citation
The following is an example of how to use the author’s name, publication date and page number
to do and embedded on in-text citation. In the case of a website or online article without page
numbers the page number is omitted.

She stated, "Students often had difficulty using APA style" (Jones, 1998, p.199), but she did not offer an explanation as
to why.
Goodman (1986) found that technology was even more important than social arrangements.
Results from early research indicated that technology was more important than differences
in social arrangements (Goodman, 1986).
Sample Formats:

PRINT                                Reference List                       Citations in Text       Citations in Text
MATERIALS -                          (Bibliography)                        (Direct Quote)          (Paraphrase)
                     Citations should be double-spaced. They are          Placed after the        Placed after the
                           single-spaced here to save space.              direct quotation      paraphrased material

                   Beck, C. A. J., & Sales, B. D. (2001). Family
1-2 authors                                                             (Beck & Sales, 2001, (Beck & Sales, 2001)
                   mediation: Facts, myths, and future prospects.
                                                                        p. 219)
                   Washington, DC: American Psychological
                   Association. .
                   Robinson, D. N. (Ed.). (1992). Social discourse
Edited book                                                             (Robinson, 1992, p.     (Robinson, 1992)
                   and moral judgement. San Diego, CA: Academic
                 Australian Bureau of Statistics. (1991). Estimated
Group                                                                   (Australian Bureau of (Australian Bureau of
                 resident population by age and sex in statistical
author/publisher                                                        Statistics, 1991, p. 2) Statistics, 1991)
                 local areas, New South Wales, June 1990 (No.
                 3209.1). Canberra, Australian Capital Territory:
                   Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (10th
No author/editor                                                        (Merriam-Webster's (Merriam-Webster's
                   ed.). (1993). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.
                                                                        Collegiate            Collegiate Dictionary,
                                                                        Dictionary, 1993, pp. 1993)

Encyclopedia       Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The new       (Bergmann, 1993, p.     (Bergmann, 1993)
entry                      encyclopaedia Britannica (Vol. 26, pp.       503)
                           501-508). Chicago: Encyclopaedia

Media                                Reference List                       Citations in Text       Citations in Text
                                     (Bibliography)                        (Direct Quote)          (Paraphrase)

Videotape          Young, R. (Producer/Director). (2002). Organic       (Young, 2002)           (Young, 2002)
                           prophecies [Motion Picture]. Canada:
                           National Film Board of Canada.

                   New drug appears to sharply cut risk of death from
Newspaper                                                               ("New Drug," 1993,      ("New Drug," 1993)
                   heart failure. (1993, July 15). The Washington
article                                                                 p. A12)
                   Post, p. A12.
No author

                   Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Beyond the
Magazine                                                                (Henry, 1990, p. 29 )   (Henry, 1990)
                   melting pot. Time,135, 28-31.
No author

                   Buss, D. M., & Schmitt, D. P. (1993). Sexual
Journal article                                                         (Buss & Schmitt,        (Buss & Schmitt,
                   strategies theory: An evolutionary perspective on
1-2 authors                                                             1993, p. 207)           1993)
                   human mating. Psychological Review, 100, 204-

  On the Web                         Reference List                       Citations in text       Citations in text
                                     (Bibliography)                        (Direct Quote)          (Paraphrase)

                   United Nations Development Program. (2002).          (UNDP, 2002)            (UNDP)
                            Human development report. Retrieved
September 23, 2004, from

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