Pronunciation Workshop handout Cambodia by linzhengnd

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									                     CamTESOL 2008

    Communicative Activities for
     Pronunciation Improvement

                      The Pitfalls of English Pronunciation

                 I take it you already know
                 Of tough and bough and cough and dough?
                 Others may stumble, but not you
                 On hiccough, thorough, laugh, and through.
                 Well done! And now you wish perhaps
                 To learn of less familiar traps?

                 Beware of heard, a dreadful word,
                 That looks like beard and sounds like bird.
                 And dead: it’s said like bed, not bead,
                 For Goodness sakes, don’t call it “deed.”
                 Watch out for meat and great and threat
                 They rhyme with suite and straight and debt.




                        Helen Huntley
                Senior English Language Fellow
                Ministry of Education and Training
                          Hanoi, Vietnam
                     helenshuntley@yahoo.com
                    http://helenshuntley.com/


LaoTESOL 2008     Helen Huntley, Senior English Language Fellow 2007-08, MOET, Vietnam.   1

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                                 SUPRASEGMENTALS

syllables, word stress, sentence stress, speech rhythm, thought groups, focus
             words, final sounds, linking, intonation, reductions

I. Syllables/Unstressed Vowel Deletions
How many syllables are in each of these words? Which vowel is deleted in spoken
English?

       chocolate               evening                interesting              restaurant
       aspirin                 laboratory             vegetable                camera
       different               favorite               family                   every


II. Word Stress: Information Gap Activity
With a partner, ask and answer questions about flights from Siem Riep to Hanoi to
complete the chart.

                                       STUDENT A
              Flight #          Leaves Siem Riep Arrives in Hanoi
              590                                3:19 p.m.
              180               6:13 a.m.
              918                                9:50 p.m.
              713               10:14 a.m.


                                       STUDENT B
              Flight #          Leaves Siem Riep Arrives in Hanoi
              590               1:50 p.m.
              180                                7:30 a.m.
              918               8:40 a.m.        .
              713                                11:40 p.m.

III. Noun Compounds: Shop Till You Drop
Practice the pronunciation of noun compounds by deciding which store would sell the
items below:

Furniture Store          Grocery Store          Office Supply Store     Drugstore




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coffee table          bookshelf               lamb chops                hairbrush
ice cream             toothpaste              armchair                  suntan lotion
fax machine           floor lamp              coffee beans              teabags
file cabinet          picnic table            hand lotion               eye drops
notepad               hairspray               paper clips               thumbtacks

IV. Content Words and Function Words

Content/Information Words                       Function Words (usually unstressed,
(often stressed)                                except in final position or for emphasis)
nouns                                           articles
main verbs                                      auxiliary verbs
adjectives                                      personal pronouns
possessive and demonstrative pronouns           possessive and demonstrative adjectives
Wh-question words                               prepositions
not/negative contractions                       conjunctions
adverbs

        MICE                                  EAT                       CHEESE
The     MICE                                  EAT                       CHEESE
The     MICE                                  EAT              the      CHEESE
The     MICE                 will             EAT              the      CHEESE
The     MICE             will have            EATen            the      CHEESE
The     MICE          might have been         EATing           the      CHEESE

THAT                CHILD                   SINGS                       SONGS
THAT is         the CHILD            that   SINGS                       SONGS
THAT is         the CHILD that is           SINGing               the   SONGS
THOSE are       the CHILDren that are       SINGing               the   SONGS
THOSE are       the CHILDren that have been SINGing               the   SONGS
THOSE are       the CHILDren that have been SINGing           all the   SONGS

V. Poetry and Rhythm

Limericks                                       Nursery Rhymes
There was an Old Person whose habits,           Little Jack Horner
Induced him to feed upon rabbits;               Sat in a corner
When he'd eaten eighteen,                       Eating his Christmas pie
He turned perfectly green,                      He stuck in his thumb
Upon which he relinquished those habits         And pulled out a plum
                                                And said “What a good boy am I.”

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There was a young man of Devizes                   Pat a cake, pat a cake, baker's man,
Whose ears were of different sizes.                Bake me a cake as fast as you can.
One was so small                                   Pat it and prick it and mark it with B,
It was no use at all,                              And put it in the oven for Baby and me.
But the other was huge and won prizes.

VI. Sentence Focus
Match the correct response with the question.

                        1A                                                  1B
1. What did you lose?                            a. I lost my keys yesterday.
2. When did you lose your keys?                  b. I lost my keys yesterday
3. Did you find your keys yesterday?             c. I lost my keys yesterday
                        2A                                                  2B
1. Who are you going with?                       a. I’m going to a movie with Steve
                                                 tonight.
2. Where are you going with Steve?               b. I’m going to a movie with Steve
                                                 tonight.
3. You’re going to a movie with Steve             c. I’m going to a movie with Steve
next week                                        tonight.

VII. Intonation and Sentence Focus Practice

Arguing about a TV Show                            Study Buddies
A. It’s great!                                     A. That’s wrong.
B. It’s not great.                                 B. It’s not wrong.

A. It is great.                                    A. It is wrong.
                                                   B. No, it’s not.
B. No, it isn’t.
                                                   A. It’s totally wrong.
A. Yes, it is. It’s really great.
                                                   B. Well, maybe a bit wrong. It seems fine to
B. Well, I think it’s terrible!
                                                   me.
                                                   B. Well it isn’t. It’s wrong.




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VIII. Intonation: Role Play
Mary and Janet are roommates who have just left on a vacation they had been planning
for some time. Mary was supposed to make the reservations and the schedule for the trip.
Janet was supposed to take charge of making arrangements for things that needed to be
done in the apartment while they were away. Role play the situation with appropriate
intonation.

                   Mary                                                 Janet
You’re worried that Janet hasn’t taken care          You have been really busy at work this
of the arrangements at home. She tends to            week and you have just remembered that
be forgetful, so you decide to find out if           you forgot to make all the arrangements
anything has been forgotten: Janet was               that were your responsibility. You know
supposed to:                                         that Mary will be furious if she finds out
   •     Close the windows                           that you did NOT:
   •     Pay the rent
   •     Phone Sue to say goodbye                       •    Close the windows
   •     Ask Jason to water the plants                  •    Ask Jason to water the plants
   •     Cancel the newspaper                           •    Cancel the newspaper
   •     Ask Meg to feed the goldfish
                                                        •    Phone Sue
   •     Ask someone to collect the mail

IX. Vowel Sounds with Communicative Meanings

Written       Pronounced Used to Express               Situation
Ahhh!         /a:/       Satisfaction,                 You step into a nice hot bath.
                               relaxation, sign of     You take a long cold drink on a hot day.
                               pleasure or relief
Aw./ Oh!      /ow/             Sympathy,               “My dog just died.”
                               disappointment
Ow!/Ouch /aw/                  pain                    A door slams on your finger.
Oh?/Oh!  /ow/                  Mild surprise,          “The new Tom Cruise movie is opening tonight.”
                               interest
Oh.           /ow:/            comprehension           “You have to plug it in before it’ll work.”
Uh-oh.        /? ?ow/          trouble                 You’re driving too fast and you see a police car
                                                       coming after you.
Ooh!          /uw:/            disgust                 “Look! There’s a cockroach on the wall!”
Oops!         /uwps/           Recognition of          You spill your coffee while you’re pouring it.
                               problem
Aha!          / ha/            discovery               You finally understand the math problem you’ve
                                                       been working on.
Huh?          /h / (nasal)     Lack of                 You don’t hear what someone said to you or you
                               understanding           think you heard it incorrectly.
Boo!          /buw/            Frightening someone     You sneak up behind someone to scare him/her.
Uh-uh         /? ? /(nasal)    No                      “Have you ever seen this movie?”
Uh-huh        / h / (nasal)    yes                     “Can I call you?”
Mmmm.         /m:/             agreement with          “I should probably be more careful.”
                               unexpressed
                               judgment or feeling



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X. What Would You Say If……….

       1.       You quietly walked up behind a friend to scare her?
       2.       You dropped your pencil on the floor?
       3.       You didn’t hear what your friend just said?
       4.       You sat down in a comfortable chair after a long hard day?
       5.       Your friend told you he had a bad cold?
       6.       You saw your teacher coming towards you and you had skipped her class
                twice this week?
       7.       Your sister’s cat died?
       8.       You caught sight of a spider on the table?
       9.       You finally figured out the algebra problem?
       10.      You slipped in the street and hurt your leg?

XI. Missing Cat Problem

Neighbor A                                     Neighbor B               Meaning
Have you see Rover?                            Huh?                     lack of understanding
Rover - my dog! Have you seen my dog?          Uh-uh!                   no
I can’t find him anywhere outside .            Oh!                      mild surprise
He’s been missing since yesterday.             Oh!                      sympathy
The motorbikes drive too fast up and           Uh-oh!                   indication of trouble
         down this street.
Maybe Rover got run over.            .         Oh!                      great concern.
(later). My dog came home this evening,        Aahhh!                   relief
         safe and sound.
I should probably be more careful about        Mmmm.                    agreement with
          watching Rover.                                               judgment


XII. Intonation: Showing Emotion, Reactions, Meaning

I can’t believe it!            You’re kidding!                  Who told you that?!
No way!                        I’m so sorry                     Are you crazy!
Good heavens!                  You did!!                        Incredible!
Really!!                       Wow!                             Cool!
How awful/terrible!            That’s great!                    That’s amazing!

1. The building’s on fire!
2. There’s a huge spider crawling up the wall!
3. There’s a man outside with a gun!
4. I got 100% on the test.
5. Hung crashed his car yesterday.
6. It’s 11:30 already. We’re missing class.
7. My bag was stolen yesterday!


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8. My sister won $10 million dollars!
9. My sister had triplets yesterday!
10. I broke my glasses this morning!
11. Next week I’ll be sixty!
12. My friend Huang was arrested last night!
13. My car broke down on the highway this morning!
14. I got some really good news yesterday!
15. I got some really bad news yesterday

XIII. Problematic Inflectional Endings: -ed, s/es
With a partner, compare the habits of two college roommates, Sloppy Sue and Neat
Nancy, in both the present and the past tenses. You can select verbs, nouns, and adverbial
phrases from the list below to help you make comments about Sue and Nancy.
Examples:       Sloppy Sue almost never washes her clothes, but Neat Nelly washes hers
                three times a week.
                Last year, Neat Nelly dusted the living room whenever it looked dirty.
                Sloppy Sue never dusted anything!


Verbs                Nouns                  Sloppy Sue                 Neat Nelly
scrub                dishes                 occasionally               always
vacuum               garbage                never                      usually
polish               the laundry            almost never               three times a` week
mop                  kitchen floor          once a month               whenever it
iron                 the living room        every other week           looks/looked
wash                 carpet                 once every two                dirty
change               bed sheets                months                  frequently
clean                the bathroom           on Sundays                 every week
dust                 windows                only when her mother       on Mondays and
dump                 kitchen sink             visits/visited           Thursdays
rinse                refrigerator           only on weekends           almost daily
wipe                 bookshelves            rarely                     after every meal
sweep                clothes                seldom                     once in a while


XIV. Thought Groups
The punctuation has been omitted from the following weather report. Read and mark
where you think the thought groups should be. Then listen to the report and make any
corrections.

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Today it’s going to be a beautiful day/ the sky will be mostly sunny in the
morning there’ll be a few clouds in the afternoon the high will be 30C
degrees and the low 22C tonight will be cloudy and it may rain a little
tomorrow is expected to be much cooler with rain all day so enjoy the
weather today while you can

XV. Reductions
Dialog A: Date Problem
A.     Hi, Holly
B.     Hi, Hilda. Did [h]e call?
A.     No, [h]e didn’t call and [h]e probably won’t.
B.     But [h]e said [h]e’d call!
A.     Sure [h]e did! People always say they’ll call after a first date and then they don’t.
B.     You should [ha]ve asked [h]im for [h]is number so you could call him. Next
       time…

Dialog B: Returning a Product
A.     I want to [wanna] return this DVD player
B.     When did you [didja] buy it?
A.     A little [liddle] over a week ago.
B.     Okay. I’m going to [gonna] need your receipt and you’ll have to [hafta] fill in
       this form.
A.     I want to [wanna] get a better [ged a bedder] model if you have one.
B.     Sure. Why don’t you [dontcha] pick out what you [whatcha] want first?

XVI. Putting It All Together: Dialog

   A.   I’m starving. / Let’s go and get a bite to eat. /
   B.   Good idea. / Where do you want to go? /
   A.   Well, / there’s a great Chinese restaurant/about a block from here. /
   B.   Do you really want Chinese? / How about Vietnamese? /
   A.   Oh, / do you know a good place? /
   B.   I sure do. / The spring rolls are delicious / and it’s right around the corner. /
   A.   Okay! / Let’s go eat! /
XVII: On Your Own
        Reflect on your own pronunciation
        Recognize your own strengths and weaknesses
        Use a dictionary/native speaker
        Listen to the radio/Internet/movies
        Notice pronunciation
        Keep practicing communicatively




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                         TWENTY PRONUNCIATION PROJECTS
1. Vowel So unds and Keywords
For each of the 15 vowel sounds, look up the sample words in your dictionary and write down the symbols
used for the vowel sound. For each vowel sound, choose a word that you know well to serve as
your keyword. These keywords will help you pronounce the vowel sounds when you look up new words
in the dictionary.

2. Multisyllabic Words
Choose 20 multisyllabic words that are used in your field. Write down the pronunciation of each
word according to your dictionary, separating the syllables and marking primary stress. Practice saying the list
of words with a native speaker of English. Make an audio recording of your word list and
evaluate your own pronunciation..

3. Misunderstood Words
Write down 5 words that are sometimes misunderstood by others when you say them. Look the words up in a
dictionary and write down the correct pronunciation, then practice saying them aloud and try to
use them in conversation. Give an explanation as to why other people may not understand these words.

4. Speech Ev aluat io n
Go to a talk on campus or listen to one on TV or radio. During the talk, take notes and later
evaluate the speaker's voice and speech characteristics that made him/her easy or difficult to understand.

 5. Poet ry Reading
Write down 8 - 10 lines from an English poem that you like. Circle the content words that you will stress and
put a line after places where you will pause. Practice reading the lines aloud and have an American
friend listen to you and provide feedback.

 6. Telling Stories
Select a set of pictures that tells a story or create your own story. Record yourself telling the story
in both the past and present tenses. Listen to your recording and monitor your use of -ed past tense endings
and 3rd person singular -s present tense endings.

7. One-Minut e Sto ry
Write down a short story, a fable, a folk tale or a funny incident in the past tense. Underline all the verbs and
note the pronunciation of the -ed ending of each one. Practice reading the story aloud and
prepare to tell the story to a partner in class.

8. One-Minute Radio Advertisement
Write a one-minute-long advertisement for a product or service, such as you would hear on the
radio. Practice saying the ad aloud, using exaggerated stress and raised intonation on the
words you want to emphasize.

9 . Mov ie L ines
Watch a movie and make note of 10 short lines used in the movie. Practice saying them aloud in the same way
that the actors said them. (e.g. Frankly, my dear, I don't give a damn. Play it again, Sam.)

 10. Teacher Observation
Observe a teacher whom you feel is a good communicator. Make notes about his/her
communicative style and what makes him/her interesting (speech characteristics, speech
style, body language, teaching techniques etc.).

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11. Shopping List
Make a list of items you need to buy at the supermarket and practice saying them aloud,
paying attention to word stress, especially in compound nouns. Go to a supermarket with
Western products and practice the pronunciation of these items by asking a shop assistant or shopper
for help in finding the items on your list.

12. Small Talk
In a social or professional context, introduce yourself to someone you have just met for
the first time. Conduct a`small talk' conversation, taking note of the topics of conversation and
the verbal and nonverbal strategies used to start and end a conversation and to change a topic.

 13. Listening to the Radio/TV
Listen to a radio or television program and pay attention to the stress patterns of words. Write
down 10 words whose stress pattern you did not previously know. Practice saying them several
times until you have learned the stress pattern, then find ways to use them in a real context.

14. Answering Machine Message
Make a telephone call to your own home answering machine to leave a message about a
class/party/meeting. Listen to your message on your answering machine and monitor it for
focus words and thought groups.

 15. Calling an Airline
Call an airline in English for flight information about a possible holiday trip. Plan in advance
the type of questions you are going to ask. Take notes on what happened during this
interaction. Which words did the listener have trouble understanding? Was the communication
generally successful?

16. Overheard Conversation
Listen to a conversation between two or more speakers of English and notice how intonation
and pitch express meaning, such as surprise, disbelief, enthusiasm etc. Write down 5
sentences or phrases you heard and practice saying them aloud with appropriate Intonation.

17. Asking for Directions
Ask an English speaker for directions to a place of interest in your town. Repeat the
directions you are given and monitor your performance for correct word and sentence stress.

 18. Renting a Car
Call a car rental agency and speak in English to get information about renting a car for a trip.
Plan your questions beforehand and try to use reductions wherever possible. Report back on
the information you were given and any communication difficulties you experienced.

19. Boo ks o n T ape
Listen to an interesting book recorded on audio tape available from your library or resource room. Listen to
small sections of the tape several times to concentrate on the pronunciation, then record yourself reading the
same passage. If the book contains dialogue, listen for reductions and repeat them correctly,

20. Calling a Hotel
Call or visit a hotel in your area to ask about accommodation for an out-of-town guest. Ask in
English about the rates, the location, meals, and a description of the accommodation. Which words did
the listener have trouble understanding? Was the communication generally successful?


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                                  PRONUNCIATION WEBSITES

American Accent Training
http://www.americanaccent.com
Learn how to speak with a standard American accent.

ESL - English as a Second Language
http://www.geocities.com/century21entertainment
A Video/TV program for all ages and all nations..., a self-teaching tool that helps one worry less about
his/her pronunciation, reading or speaking situations.

International Phonetic Alphabet
http://www.arts.gla.ac.uk/IPA/ipachart.html
Complete IPA pronunciation chart.

Mouth Workout
http://www.elfs.com/MM5%20menu.html
Tongue twister exercises to improve problem consonants.

Sentence Stress
http://www.englishclub.net/study/pronunciation/sentence-stress.htm
Sentence stress is the music of spoken English.

Phonics Practice
http://www.fonetiks.org/
The sounds of different kinds of English (British, Canadian, Irish, etc) and other languages)

Pronunciation Lesson Plans
http://esl.about.com/od/pronunciationlessonplan1/
Arranged by level

Phonics Resources
http://faculty.washington.edu/dillon/PhonResources/newstart.html
Digitized sounds

Pronunciation Tips
http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/home/johnm/eptotd/tiphome.htm
Daily tips in pronunciation of British English (works for other accents too); use 'Today's tip' or the archive
of 'Past tips'

Merriam Webster Pronouncing Dictionary
http://www.m-w.com/netdict.htm
Type a word in the Collegiate Dictionary field and click 'Look it up' to see a definition and hear its
pronunciation in US English.

Pronunciation Poem
http://pauillac.inria.fr/~xleroy/stuff/english-pronunciation.html
An amusing poem illustrating problems of English writing and pronunciation (e.g., 'just compare heart,
beard and heard')




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