Verb Tense _amp; Conjugation by dfgh4bnmu

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									  North Carolina A&T
University Writing Center
           Presents:
     Verb Tense &
      Conjugation
Grammar Workshop Series: Part 4
        Verb Tense

• Verb Tense conveys time.
   Verbs show tense or time by
   changing form.
• In English   there are three
  basic verb   tenses:

Present, Past and Future.
  Basic Verb Tenses


• Each verb tense has a
  simple, progressive,
  perfect and perfect-
  progressive form.
    Simple Verb Form:
•   Describes an action in progress.
  Simple Present describes
  an action taking place now,
  including habits and facts.
Shamani, Will and Janiya watch Saturday
morning cartoons.


         H20 is the symbol for water.


  I miss my family and friends in Chicago.
   Simple Past describes an
   action that has already
   taken place.
Apartheid ended in 1994, four years after Nelson
Mandela was released from prison.

   • Most past tense verbs end in –ed with the
     exception of irregular verbs.

Mia’s favorite author, Toni Morrison, wrote the
Pulitzer Prize winning novel, Beloved.
  Simple Future describes an
  action or situation that
  will occur in the future.

 • Future tense is formed by using will/shall along
   with the simple form of the verb or by adding am,
   is, are or going to.

Barack Obama is going to be the first
Black President of the United States.
George W. Bush will finish his
Presidential term in January 2008!
     Progressive Verb
          Form:
•   Describes an action in progress.
  Progressive Present
   describes an action in
   progress at this moment.
   • This tense is formed by using am, is and are
     with the verb form ending in -ing.

The University Writing Center tutors are
presenting a workshop on grammar.

 I am discussing verb tense and conjugation.

 Dr. Southerland is giving a lecture on
double consciousness next door.
   Progressive Past
   describes an action that
   was in progress earlier
   while another action was
   occurring.
    • This tense is formed by using was/were
     with the verb form ending in -ing.
Dr. Jamal was explaining the phenomenon of
spontaneous combustion when a Bunsen burner
caught fire.
AJ and his friends were crowd-surfing at an
outdoor Yanni concert when drops of rain
started to fall.
 Progressive Future
 describes an action that
 will be in progress later
 on.
• Thistense is formed by using will be or shall be
 with the verb form ending in -ing.

The Muntu Dancers of Chicago will be
performing at the Kwanzaa festival in December.

The Sebastian Health Center shall be
sponsoring a walk-a-thon to raise money for
Cancer research.
Perfect Verb Form
•   Describes the order of events.
Perfect Present describes
an action that has recurred
or continued from the past
to present.
 • This tense is formed by using has/have with
    the past participles of the verb.

 • Most past participles end in -ed.
African-Americans have voted in presidential
elections since 1965.
 Perfect Past describes an
 action completed before
 something else happened.


 • This tense is formed by using had with
   the past particle of the verb.


By the time Erica’s friends arrived, the Step Show
had ended.
  Perfect Future describes an
  action that will occur in the
  future before some other
  action.
   • This tense is formed by using will have with
     the past participle of the verb.


By the time we get home with the groceries, the ice cream
will have melted.
    Perfect-Progressive Verb
              Form:
•   Describes the duration of action in progress.
Perfect-Progressive Present
describes an action that has
been in progress up until now.
• This tense is formed by using has/have been
    and the present participle of the verb form
                   ending in -ing.

  The students have been taking notes since the
  workshop began.
 Perfect-Progressive Past
 describes an action that had
 already been in progress
 before something else
 happened.
  • This tense is formed by using had been and
    the present participle of the verb form
    ending in -ing.
Before the fall temperatures arrived, Greensboro had
been experiencing record breaking heat.
Perfect-Progressive Future
describes an action that will
have been in progress by the
time something else happens.
• This tense is formed by using will have been
  and the present participle of the verb form
  ending in -ing.

By the year 2020, linguists will have been studying and
defining the Gullah language for more than 13 years.
Questions
    &
 Answers
Let’s Review


Name That Verb
    Tense!
The sociologist is examining the effects
racial discrimination has on society.


The sociologist is examining the effects
racial discrimination has on society.
        (progressive present tense)
Shelia and Erica listen to rap music in their
cars.

Shelia and Erica listen to rap music in their
cars. (simple present tense)
Dr. Jackson will be presenting a lecture
on Writing Center pedagogy next week.


Dr. Jackson will be presenting a lecture
on Writing Center pedagogy next week.
       (progressive future tense)
The students wanted to learn about verb tense.

The students wanted to learn about verb tense.
             (simple past tense)
The explorer was explaining the
latest discovery in Egypt when
protests began on the streets.

The explorer was explaining the
latest discovery in Egypt when
protests began on the streets.
    (progressive past tense)
Tornetha has offered to drive me to Target.


Tornetha has offered to drive me to Target.
          (perfect present tense)
This semester will end in December.


This semester will end in December.
        (simple future tense)
University Writing Center
      Hours of Operation
     Monday-Thursday: 9-5
        Fridays: 9-12
General Classroom Building
        Room A-309
         334-7764
       uwc@ncat.edu

								
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