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THE WORLD PUZZLE NEWSLETTER 9

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THE WORLD PUZZLE NEWSLETTER 9 Powered By Docstoc
					World Puzzle Federation Head office
Kruislaan 419
1098 VA Amsterdam
                                      THE WORLD PUZZLE
                                          NEWSLETTER 9
The Netherlands
Tel/Fax:   +31.20.8884643
E-mail:    office@worldpuzzle.org
Internet: www.worldpuzzle.org
                                                    Official publication of the World Puzzle Federation




                                       WPC 2003: The 12th WPC in an Olympic Surrounding
                                                         th
                                                                                            Puzzles from the
                                              th
                                           12 WPC in Arnhem, The Netherlands
                                              th
                                                                                   Team Photos WPC 2003
                                      Individual Results WPC 2003      Team Results WPC 2003    Report on the
                                       th
                                      5 General Assembly of the WPF
                                       th                                   st
                                                                          1 Turkish Mind Games Championship,
                                                                            st


                                              Istanbul 2004    Famous Puzzle Makers: Boris Kordemsky
                                                            List of current WPF members
                                                                                                                 The WORLD PUZZLE NEWSLETTER 9
                                                                                                                                              Official publication of the World Puzzle Federation
                 Address:
             Kruislaan 419                                                                                       Editorial                                                                                          Contents
      1098 VA Amsterdam
           The Netherlands                                                                                       As usual, this newsletter prominently features the last WPC, which was the 2003               2    WPC 2003: The 12th WPC
                   Tel/Fax:                                                                                      event in the sports center Papendal in Arnhem, the Netherlands. The hosts were Rob                 in an Olympic Surrounding
          +31.20.8884643                                                                                         Geensen and his staff from Puzzelsport, and because they organized a great champi-                 by Rob Geensen & Jan Lam
                    E-mail:                                                                                      onship before in 1996, expectations were high.
    office@worldpuzzle.org                                                                                           We were not disappointed: preparations were impeccable, Papendal was a great
                  Internet:                                                                                      place to be, a lot of effort was given to make it a social event, and most important,         4    Puzzles from the 12th WPC
      www.worldpuzzle.org                                                                                        the puzzles were great. There were innovations as before, this year for example, solv-             in Arnhem, The Netherlands
                                                                                                                 ing a puzzle in front of a computer.                                                               by Hans Eendebak & Tim Peeters
                                                                                                                     Another great thing about this WPC was that not only were there playoffs again as
                                                                                                                 in Oulu, but they were further extended with quarterfinals and semifinals. And all on a     12     Team Photos WPC 2003
                                                                                                                 wonderfully designed stage. You can read more about the tournament on pages 2 - 19.
                                                                                                                     Besides overseeing the yearly WPC, one of the goals of the World Puzzle Federation is   12     Individual Results WPC 2003
                                                                                                                 to exchange puzzle ideas and stimulate innovation in the field of puzzles. The WPC
                                                                                                                 championships play an important role in this. Member countries need to select a team,       13     Team Results WPC 2003
                                                                                                                 so inspired by the WPC's, national puzzle tournaments have come into existence, like
                                                                                                                 the annual Hungarian 24-Hour Puzzle Marathon reported on in Newsletter 8.
                                                                                                                     Because WPF members are entitled to publish WPC puzzles for free in their own           16     Report on the 5th General
                                                                                                                 magazines, they do so. As a result, all over the world more WPC-like puzzles are                   Assembly of the WPF
                                                                                                                 being offered to the general puzzle audience than would have been the case other-                  by Will Shortz
                                                                                                                 wise. Over the past years entire magazines were created dedicated to WPC-like puz-
                                                                                                                 zles. The Dutch magazine Breinbrekers for instance was the direct result of the first
                                                                                                                 WPC in 1992 in New York.                                                                    20     1st Turkish Mind Games
                                                                                                                     Another example is the Turkish magazine Akil Oyunlari (Mind Games), started by                 Championship, Istanbul 2004
                                                                                                                 Ferhat Çalapkulu and other Turkish WPC competitors. This new Turkish magazine also                 by Cihan Altay
                                                                                                                 organized its own puzzle tournament, which you can read about on pages 20 - 23.
                                                                                                                     Finally, Will Shortz, assisted by Serhiy Grabarchuk of Ukraine, wrote another great     24     Famous Puzzle Makers:
                                                                                                                 story, this time on the famous puzzle editor and designer Boris Kordemsky (1907 - 1999).           Boris Kordemsky
                                                                                                                     The articles in this issue are accompanied by many puzzles of high quality and                 by Will Shortz and Serhiy Grabarchuk
                                                                                                                 originality.
                                                                                                                                                                                                             26     WPF membership criteria;
                                                                                                                 Good puzzling!                                                                                     list of current members

                                                                                                                 Peter Ritmeester                                                                            28     Solutions
                                                                                                                 Editor and WPF General Secretary



     The WORLD PUZZLE           World Puzzle Federation                                                                                                                                                      Derek Kisman from Canada
             NEWSLETTER                                                                                                                                                                                      solving a puzzle on screen
  Official publication of the   The World Puzzle Federation is an association of legal bodies with an interest
   World Puzzle Federation      in puzzles. Only one member per country can belong to the WPF.
                                The WPF follows the Olympic standard in what constitutes a country.
                     Editor     Information on present members and criteria for membership can be found
           Peter Ritmeester     in the members section on pages 28-29 of this issue.
ritmeester@worldpuzzle.org
               Copy Editor      Goals of the World Puzzle Federation are:
            Nancy Schuster      • to provide the means for an international exchange of puzzle ideas
       Newsletter Design        • to stimulate innovations in the field of puzzles
         Ivo van IJzendoorn     • to supervise the annual World Puzzle Championship (WPC) and other
        WPF Logo Design           puzzle activities
            Michael Douma       • to foster friendship among puzzle enthusiasts world-wide
                   Printing
      Ponsen & Looijen b.v.     Chairman: Will Shortz (USA)
                                General Secretary: Peter Ritmeester (The Netherlands)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        by Rob Geensen & Jan Lam (the Netherlands)



WPC 2003: The 12th WPC in an Olympic Surrounding
The decision was taken by the congress during                                              ter and the home of the Dutch Olympic move-                                                                                                                      and a lot of local ones reported with articles and
                                                                                           ment. That turned out to be the place we had                                                                                                                     pictures. And the championship was mentioned
the WPC 2001 in Brno: The Netherlands would                                                been looking for. It offered the facilities we need-                                                                                                             in at least twenty different radio programs.
be the host and organizer of the 2003 champi-                                              ed, a very professional staff, our own grand café                                                                                                                     As time progressed there were quiet months
                                                                                           and all located in beautiful surroundings.                                                                                                                       as well. The preparations became more specific:
onship. 24 months seems a long time, but we                                                     Of course we also wanted to make it a fair                                                                                                                  How do we keep control over food and drinks;
can tell you – we needed every one of them.                                                language- and culture-neutral competition, a                                                                                                                     how to organize the happy hours; transportation
                                                                                           championship to be enjoyed and remembered by                                                                                                                     from the airport and back (we decided not to use
                                                                                           the participants, with familiar puzzles but also                                                                                                                 buses; it saved money and it avoided whole
                                                                                           space for experiments. On the next pages you                                                                                                                     teams having to wait for hours in the airport);
                                                                                           will find more about that aspect. Publishing the                                                                                                                 what about the excursions (not too far!) and the
                                                                                           instruction booklet on the Internet, the weakest                                                                                                                 farewell party.
                                                                                           link, the computer game and a new play-off                                                                                                                            Working as an experienced team because
                                                                                           surely represented what we hoped would be the                                                                                                                    we had done the 1996 WPC and the annual
                                                                                           highlights of the competition.                                                                                                                                   Dutch championships proved to be a huge
                                                                                                                                                  come. The number of guests kept changing.                            Very Important People: the           advantage. In fact we look back on a pretty
                                                                                           Money                                                  Questions about the location, the food, the                       judges! Not all of them are in          relaxed championship — even the organizers
                                                                                           As with all organizers of WPC’s, our big worry         money....                                                         this picture, left to right: Patricia   had time to enjoy it themselves.
                                                                                           was how to finance the event. The initial budget            In total 1600 e-mails were exchanged until                   Glasbeek, Annemarie Mokadmi,
                                                                                           we made up was about a quarter of a million            the last day, which made it difficult to plan the                 Marieke Quant, Marja Kremer,            Of course lots of things went wrong.
                                                                                           euros. 50,000 euros was the expected income            event properly. But let us not scare future organ-                Yvonne Kamman, Ingrid Oostendorp        Just to mention a few:
                                                                                           from participation fees, so 200,000 euros still        izers; after all it all worked out well. And even                                                         - Sanoma Uitgevers started implementing a new
                                                                                           had to be found. And as all organizers know, it is     though not every team could be present, con-                                                                system for financial control and turned out not
                                                                                           a hell of a job to find sponsors. At the end of the    tacts have been made with potential new partici-                                                            to be able to send out the bills for the participa-
       oon after the decision we started our                                               day Sanoma Uitgevers, the publisher of                 pants for the future.                                                                                       tion fee in time and in a proper way. We won’t

S
                                                          Between puzzles, Papendal
       preparations. “We” means: Rob Geensen,          offered many ways to relax. For     Puzzelsport, was willing to be the main sponsor.            In terms of public relations and publicity we                                                          go into the details. And thank you, yes, most of
       Hans Eendebak, Jan Lam, and the team            instance miniature golf and out-    Other sponsors contributed on a much smaller           were very successful. Interest in the event was                                                             the money is received by now... we think....
from Prince Productions, the agency that had           door chess. Behind the black        scale or gave discounts on the services they           probably stimulated by the choice of the location:                                                        - We ordered vegetarian meals for those who
also helped us organize the WPC in Utrecht             pieces here is judge, puzzle con-   delivered. A major complication was that 2002          Papendal makes everyone think of top sport. And                                                             asked for it. But they looked so appetizing that
in1996. As many of you will remember, that was         structor and former Dutch team      and 2003 were difficult years for publishing com-      of course there was the participation of Niels                                                              we could have ordered four times as many.
the championship with the first screen test and a      member Delia Keetman.               panies so there was much pressure to cut the           Roest as a defending world champion, which                                                                  Thanks to the Papendal staff, this was soon
team competition round in a hall where a games                                             costs.                                                 drew the attention of the media.                                                                            fixed.
fair was taking place.                                                                          Only two months before the start of the WPC            We were thrilled to be on the national televi-                                                       - Jan spent hours completing the EU and UN
Our main goal was to make the 2003 WPC a                                                   the main sponsor suggested that we limit the           sion news four times on that Saturday (at 6, 8,                                                             teams. Until the first competition day we were
social event. Everyone and everything under one                                            championship to two days instead of five ... but       10 and 12 p.m.). Another television program                                                                 unsure who would be present. Some visitors
roof. As few bus trips as possible. Time and                                               this threat was neutralized. In the final stage of     broadcasted an impression of the championship                                                               changed their minds about participating in a
space to meet old friends and make new ones.                                               preparations we had to cut 50,000 euros off the        earlier that week. All the national newspapers                                                              team at the last minute. But thanks to others
Reasonable prices for drinks. We wanted to stim-
ulate activities that can be done without speak-
ing each other’s languages: games, chess, table
tennis, football, farmer’s bridge. With this in mind
                                                                                           “Papendal near Arn hem, the national
we started to look for a location where all that
could be realized.
                                                                                                sportscenter and home of the Dutch Olympic movement”
                                                                                           budget to make the show go on.                                                                                                                                     (like Peter Ritmeester and Nick Baxter) those
Papendal                                                                                       Of course other priorities we set out were to                                                                                                                  problems were solved too.
We traveled all over the country (good thing it                                            get as many countries to participate as possible                                                                                                                 - Half an hour before the start of the farewell
isn’t that big…) and came up with lots of ideas.                                           and, of course, to generate as much publicity as                                                                                                                   party there turned out to be technical problems.
We saw holiday camps, where every team could                                               possible.                                                                                                                                                          No light, no sound. Everyone was waiting out-
be housed in its own bungalow, up to fancy                In orange, left to right: Rob                                                                                                                                                                       side the entrance to the hall. Panic. But thanks
hotels at the seaside or in the middle of the          Geensen, Jan Lam and Hans           Communications                                                                                                                                                     to the improvisational talent of the technical
woods. But nothing could meet our standards.           Eendebak. Co-organizer Olaf         Our expectation that using e-mail would be a                                                                                                                       people (and the kitchen staff) we doubt that the
They lacked sufficient infrastructure (big enough      Aardse is keeping an eye on         blessing in contacting potential participants                                                                                                                      visitors figured out there were problems.
halls with the necessary technical equipment and       things.                             proved wrong. In fact it turned out to be a com-                                                                                                                 - And shall we mention the lack of Internet con-
catering facilities; enough rooms) or the prices                                           plication. In 1996 most of the communication                                                                                                                       nections? No, let’s not. One of the nice things
were sky-high.                                                                             went by snail mail, so it was slow but simple.                                                                                                                     about a World Puzzle Championship is that
     After some time Hans came up with the idea                                            This time things kept changing until the start of                                                                                                                  there will be a next one. And there must always
of Papendal near Arnhem, the national sportscen-                                           the competion. Teams were not sure if they could         The traditional soccer match. Champion Ulrich Voigt is standing, second from the right.                   be room for improvement.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hans Eendebak & Tim Peeters (The Netherlands)



Puzzles from the 12th WPC in Arnhem, The Netherlands
We hope this sampling of puzzles will give you                                                                                                                                                And the winners are,         would give you points toward your score for
                                                                                                                                                                                           left to right: Wei-Hwa          this part. You could score a maximum of 100
a good impression of the overall championship.                                                                                                                                             Huang (second, USA),            points according to the following table: 1
The puzzles presented here have been picked                                                                                                                                                Ulrich Voigt (first, Germany)   solved = 5 points, 2 solved = 10 points, 3 =
                                                                                                                                                                                           and Roger Barkan (third,        15, 4 = 20, 5 = 30, 6 = 40, 7 = 50, 8 = 60, 9
not only because they were innovative but                                                                                                                                                  USA)                            = 80 and all 10 solved = 100 points.
because we introduced some new formats in
the different puzzle parts. They are the result                                                                                                                                                                            Part 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           This part was originally designed as a team
of many hours of preparation, trying different                                                                                                                                                                             effort, but in the end we decided we had
formats and innovating and testing new                                                                                                                                                                                     enough team puzzles already. And because
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           this one was too nice to skip we used it as
puzzles over the last two years.                                                                                                                                                                                           the puzzle for the first individual bonus
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           round. The Medley, as this part was called,
                                        ver the past few years the organizers                                                                                                                                              lasted 25 minutes and consisted of one four-

                                O       have tried to alter the format of the
                                        championship in order to make it more
                                spectacular and enjoyable for the audience.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           step puzzle. In order to solve puzzle two you
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           needed to solve puzzle one first. The solution
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           of the first puzzle gave valuable information
                                (Where’s the fun in watching 100 puzzlers taking                                                                                                                                           vital to solving the second puzzle. To solve
                                an exam of logic puzzles?) We saw the introduc-                                                                                                                                            the third puzzle you needed the solution of
                                tion of the play-off in 2000 (with a follow-up in                                                                                                                                          the second puzzle, and in order to solve the
                                2002) and in 1996 the screen test was intro-                                                                                                                                               last step, the third puzzle had to be solved
                                duced (which made a comeback in 2001).                                                                                                                                                     first. Bonuses were given to the five fastest
                                     The team manipulative puzzles are fun for                                                                                                                                             solvers.
                                spectators to watch. Still, too many parts of the
                                championship have the character of an exam.          FOUR IN A ROW, STEPHAN JAGER                                                                                1-12, HANS EENDEBAK
                                Our main goal was to add more action to the dif-                                                              6    2    5    4   6    3    3       3
                                ferent puzzle parts so that they were more          A game of four in a row is played between two                                                              Place the numbers 1~12 so that the sum of the numbers on a straight
                                                                                    players. Four in a row means four connected          4                                             5
                                enjoyable for spectators and television, and on                                                                                                                line comes to 21.
                                the other hand you still want the best puzzler to   X’s or 0’s horizontally, vertically or diagonally.   3                                             3
                                win the championship. We think we made a very       Normally, when a player has ‘four in a row’, the
                                good effort in reaching that goal.                  game ends. Not this time: the players continue       4                                             5
                                                                                    playing until the grid is full. That means that
                                                                                                                                         5                                             4
                                Part 1                                              there must be 32 X’s and 32 0’s in the grid.
                                In the past few years we saw the revival of         The player with ‘X’ has scored ‘four in a row’       3                                             6
                                some puzzles used in earlier championships. We      (and not more) exactly once, the player with ‘0’
                                                                                    didn’t succeed. The blue numbers left and above      6    0                                        4
                                dedicated a whole round to this revival and since
                                this was the 12th WPC we named the first part       the grid indicate the number of X’s in that row or   3                                             6
                                “The Dirty Dozen.” This individual round, which     column, the black numbers right and under the
                                lasted one hour, featured one puzzle type from      grid indicate the number of series in that row or    4                                             4
                                each of the previous championships and a puz-       column. (For example, 3 can mean XXX00XXX).
                                                                                                                                              5    5   6    4    5   5    6    6
                                zle that would reappear in this year’s edition.
   CRACK IT ON, DELIA KEETMAN                                                                                                            Part 2
                                                                      ANOUS                                            IRSLF             Two hours of individual puzzling that featured
  Put all the given                                                   ASAOL                                            LANIS             18 assorted puzzles, most of them well
  ‘words’ into the two                                                AUENO                                            LFAOL             known to the puzzler. This is what you would
  grids. Each area                                                    BAIFO                                            LORAN             call the exam part: pick the puzzles you like
  should contain                                                      BAIRA                                            NAOSL             most and solve as many as possible.
  exactly one letter.                                                 BALAS                                            NOLIF
                                                                      BLNUR                                            NSOLI             Part 3
                                                                      BNIBL                                            RLANA             This part lasted 30 minutes and consisted of
                                                                      FARBL                                            RLFUS             10 smaller puzzles. This individual part used a
                                                                      FINRA                                            RNOEA             progressive scoring method. We copied this
                                                                      INRAF                                            ROAFA             from the championship in Brno two years ear-
                                                                      IRAOU                                            ULOAS             lier. It didn’t matter which puzzles you would
                                                                                                                                         solve, only the number of solved puzzles
                                                                                    two. So we estimated that 45 minutes should be         DOMINO LOOP, HANS EENDEBAK
                                                                                                                                              7     2     3     4    5    7      3    2    5     7    5     6
                                                                                    enough for the best teams to solve all six puzzles.   We have placed a complete domino double 6-set in the grid. The domi-
                                                                                    Reality showed otherwise: of the six finished         noes are positioned in a continuous, single loop, and that loop never              0-0
                                                                                    teams after 75 minutes, only four made no mis-        touches itself, not even diagonally. The blue numbers left and above the           0-1     1-1
                                                                                    takes. So only four of the five bonuses were given.   grid indicate the number of different stone-halves in that row or column,          0-2     1-2   2-2
                                                                                                                                          the black numbers right and beneath the grid indicate the total value of
                                                                                    Part 6                                                the stones in that row or column. One domino has already been placed.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0-3     1-3   2-3      3-3
                                                                                    This was a team-optimizer-computer part.              Neighbouring stone-halves have the same value.                                     0-4     1-4   2-4      3-4 4-4
                                                                                    We used a crossword maze optimizer that was                  7    2     3     4    5     7     3    2    5     7    5     6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             0-5     1-5   2-5      3-5 4-5 5-5
                                                                                    featured in the 9th WPC in New York. When you                                                                                            0-6     1-6   2-6      3-6 4-6 5-6 6-6
                                                                                    do this puzzle with pencil and paper this is a        11                                                                            26
                                                                                    very difficult optimizer in terms of checking your
                                                                                    score. You would spend more time checking              4                                                                            16   Part 7
                                                                                    your score than in finding a better solution for       8                                                                            29
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             The first of two individual theme parts.
                                                                                    the problem. The use of the computer made the                                                                                            This one: 45 minutes of domino variations.
                                                                                    life of the puzzler easier because it would calcu-     2   3                                                                        7    Six very different puzzles with only one feature
                                                                                    late the score of each attempt.                                                                                                          in common: the game of dominoes.
Part 5                                                    The Czech team working         Since it was impossible to rent a computer        4   6                                                                        16
This was the first team challenge. Six very difficult   on some very hard puzzles   for all competitors we did four rounds of 10                                                                                             Part 8
puzzles had to be solved by each team in 45 min-                                    minutes each, and in every round one member            7                                                                            33   Again two hours of individual puzzling.
utes. The five fastest teams with the correct                                       of each team would compete. In the computer            5                                                                            12   18 very different puzzles to choose from,
answers would receive a bonus.                                                      room there were 24 computers of which one                                                                                                solve and score as many as you can!
    We introduced a general rule that in case                                       was linked to a big screen so spectators could         5                                                                            13
time ran out and not all the bonuses were given,                                    watch the progress of one of the puzzlers.                                                                                               Part 9
we would add another 5 minutes to the solving                                       When a round was over the puzzlers would stay          2                                                                            3    The second theme part: the inevitable battle-
time. In the end, this round lasted 1 hour and 15                                   in the computer room and become spectators,                                                                                              ships variations. Again 45 minutes, six puzzles
minutes instead of the 45 minutes we intended.                                      and a new group that had been waiting in the           4                                                                            5    and, in this case, a lot of battleships.
What went wrong? Apparently we underestimated                                       hall would enter the room for another round.           4                                                                            8
the difficulty of the puzzles. We had tested the                                    Since the use of the computer was new in the
puzzles with a Dutch B-team and after 45 minutes                                    WPC, we decided that although this was an                  20    7     9    23   15    25    4    1    15    18       11   20
they had solved four (including the “Just twelve                                    individual round, the score should only count as
steps” puzzle) and were nearly done with the last                                   a team result.
     JAPANESE SUMS, TIM PEETERS                                                                                                                                                                  FROM H TO H, TIM PEETERS


    Place figures 1~9 in the grid, only different figures in each row and col-                                                                                                                  Travel from H to G and continue your journey along the lines. You pass all
    umn. The numbers outside the grid indicate the sum of the numbers filled                                                                                                                    letters exactly once before you return in H.
    in consecutive. When the numbers are for example 13 10 19 (as in the
    top row) the different sums must be separated by at least one black
    square.                                             3          10                                                                                                                           H G                                                                       H
                            6    25               20 12          2         6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 A              B
                           11     4     4    22    4    11   3   20 19 16                                                                                                                                               R                                    C
                           16     9    29 21 19 16 27            3   19 20
          13 10 19                                                                                                                                                                                         Q
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 D
          13 14 10
                22     5                                                                                                                                                                              P
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     E
                22 23
      2 15       4    12                                                                                                                                                                              N
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     F
                 6    25
          10 20        4
                                                                                                                                                                                                          M
           7    20 17                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            G
           5    18 17                                                                                                                                                                                               L                                    H
          13 20 11                                                                    For the first time, competitors had to solve a                                                                                         K              J
                                                                                    puzzle on the computer
Part 10                                                                                                                                                                                        The competition room
This 30-minute long individual bonus round fea-
tured four puzzles of the same type but of
increasing difficulty. The fastest five solvers
would receive a bonus. The puzzle printed here
is the last and most difficult one!                                                                                                                                                          Part 12
                                                                                                                                                                                             This team part was called “the weakest link”
    MEANDER, HANS EENDEBAK                                                                                                                                                                   and consisted of just two puzzles. The first an
   Locate the route, starting in the upper left                                                                                                                                              individual, the second a team puzzle. In the
   square and finishing right down under.                                                                                                                                                    four corners of the room one member of each
   The route meanders horizontally or verti-                                                                                                                                                 team would make the first puzzle. By solving
   cally, and the numbers outside the grid                                                                                                                                                   this puzzle he would win a quarter of the
   indicate the total of occupied squares in                                                                                                                                                 team puzzle.
   that row or column. A black square                                                                                                                                                             This team puzzle was constructed in such
   means that the route cannot cross that                                                                                                                                                    a way that all four members needed to finish
   square.                                                                                                                                                                                   the individual puzzle in order to get all the
                                                                                                                                                                                             information to solve the team puzzle. So you
                                                                                                                                                                                             see why this round was called the weakest
                                              4
                                                                                                                                                                                             link. We had to apply the “another five min-
                                              1                                                                                                                                              utes” rule again. Because of what we saw the
                                              2                                                                                                                                              other day (in part 5) we maximized the num-
                                              3
                                                                                                                                                                                             ber that an extra five minutes could be called
                                                                                                                                                                                             to six.
                                              3
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Again our estimate was too low: not the
                                              1                                                                                                                                              initial 45 minutes but even 75 minutes was
                                              9      “It's always fun to watch a bunch of grownups playing                                                                                   too short for most teams to solve all the puz-
                                                                                                                                                                                             zles. In the end only Belgium and The
                                              4

                                              5   with tiny pieces of paper...”                                                                                                              Netherlands solved the team puzzle.
                                              5

                                              2   Part 11                                                                         THE WEAKEST LINK, HANS EENDEBAK

                                              3   This team puzzle was the second optimizer. The
                                              1
                                                  goal was to fill a grid with pieces of paper of dif-                                 4 11 14 11 11 14 16 8 13 17 14 14 16 18 13 11 8   7     8   5      The figures outside the grid
                                                  ferent shapes and colors. These pieces of paper                                                                                                         indicate the number of colored
                                              4                                                                                    5
                                                  would represent houses, shops, streets and green                                                                                                        squares in that row or column.
                                              9   strips. It’s always fun to watch a bunch of              Team The Netherlands    6                                                                      The squares in black edged
      9   6   8   8   5   4   4   5   3   4       grownups playing with tiny pieces of paper, so         putting the pieces        7                                                                      shapes must either all be
                                                  this was entertaining for the spectators.              together...                                                                                      colored or all remain empty.
                                                                                                                                  10
                                                                                                                                  10
                                                                                                                                  11
                                                                                                                                   9                            .

                                                                                                                                  13
                                                                                                                                  14
                                                                                                                                  13
                                                                                                                                  13
                                                                                                                                  13
                                                                                                                                  15
                                                                                                                                  14
                                                                                                                                  15
                                                                                                                                  17
                                                                                                                                  16
                                                                                                                                  13
                                                                                                                                  11
                                                                                                                                   8
                                                                                                                                                                  Part 15
                                                                                                                                                                  The best eight individual puzzlers qualified for          Ulrich won despite the fact that one of
                                                                                                                                                                  the quarterfinals. Head to head, on stage with       the puzzles, the “number crossword including
                                                                                                                                                                  three large puzzles (printed on white boards).       zero,” had multiple solutions, which was
                                                                                                                                                                  In the quarterfinals, number 1 puzzler compet-       not intended. When the finalists were solving
                                                                                                                                                                  ed against number 8, 2 against 7, 3 against 4,       this puzzle we noticed that Ulrich had another
                                                                                                                                                                  and 5 against 6.                                     solution than the one on our sheet.
                                                                                                                                                                       The fastest of each quarterfinal (not neces-    But rapidly we were able to recognize this
                                                                                                                                                                  sarily the four fastest overall) qualified for the   alternate solution and recrown Ulrich as
                                                                                                                                                                  semis. Here the same procedure: head to head         the best puzzler of the 12th WPC! Wei-Hwa
                                                                                                                                                                  on stage and three large puzzles. The winners        Huang, the losing finalist, finished second.
                                                                                                                                                                  of the semis qualified for the final and as we       Roger Barkan, who performed better than
                                                                                                                                                                  hoped, the two best individuals before the final,    Michael Ley, the other losing semi-finalist
                                                                                                                                                                  Ulrich Voigt and Wei-Hwa Huang, played the           before the finals, also ended up on the
                                                                                                                                                                  final.                                               podium.

  The semi-finals.
Left to right: Michael Ley
(Germany), Ulrich Voigt
                                “...the 30 minutes were again exten ded to the maximum of 45 minutes,
(Germany), Wei-Hwa Huang
(USA) and Roger Barkan
                                                with only team USA solving all the cubes in that amount of time”
(USA)
                               Part 13                                               Part 14
                               A one-puzzle individual bonus round. This was         The last team puzzle. Form five cubes from the                                   STAR BATTLE, HANS EENDEBAK
                               the last individual round before the finals. So for   40 blocks given. These cubes were nastier than
                               some puzzlers this was their last chance to get a     they looked. Most teams tried the trial and error                               Place two stars, the size of one square, in each column, each row and each black-edged part
                               spot among the best eight puzzlers of this            strategy. But because the most difficult cubes                                  of the grid. The stars do not touch each other, not even diagonally.
                               championship.                                         could be solved easier by using pure logic, the
                                                                                     30 minutes were again extended to the maxi-
    ABC, HANS EENDEBAK                                                               mum of (in this case) 45 minutes, with only
                                                                                     team USA solving all the cubes in that amount         Japan working on the
   The letters A to Z all have different values 1~26. De numbers beside the          of time.                                            cubes...
   names are equal to the sum of the value of the letters in that name.

            AL PACINO         (28,66)    KATE WINSLET      (56,107)
            ANDY GARCIA       (38,51)    KEVIN BACON       (82,36)
            ANTHONY QUINN (77,50)        MATT DAMON        (47,52)
            BRAD PITT         (45,67)    MICHAEL J FOX (98,J,46)
            DARYL HANNAH (66,78)         RICHARD GERE (103,53)
            DON JOHNSON (39,90)          ROB LOWE          (28,70)
            HARRISON FORD (99,71)        SEAN PENN         (39,57)
            HUGH GRANT        (59,50)    TOM CRUISE        (33,73)
            JODIE FOSTER      (85,91)    TONY DANZA        (38,55)
            JOE PESCI         (51,64)

             A B C D E F G H I J K L M

             N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
  Team Photos WPC 2003
  We counted 110 people here. Who is missing? And who was so busy that even during this
  photo session he was making phone calls?




dividual Results before final round                                                                                                                                                                                            Individual Results after final round
k and Name            Team Pts.       Rank and Name              Team Pts.      Rank and Name          Team Pts.   Rank and Name         Team Pts.   Rank and Name          Team Pts.   Rank and Name           Team Pts.      Rank and Name         Team     Rank and Name         Team
Ulrich Voigt          GER 1195        17 Todd Geldon              USA 665       32 Koji Mochizuki       JAP 555    48 Nick Gardner       UK 440      64 Petro Grabarchuk     UKR 330    80 Michael Riemann      UN2 110         1 Ulrich Voigt       GER       5 Niels Roest        NLD
Wei-Hwa Huang         USA 1035        18 Michal Borny             POL 655       33 Alex Samsom          NLD 550                ´
                                                                                                                   49 Hüsnü Syncar       TUR 435     65 Michail Kuznetsov    RUS 330    81 Jael Emberley        UN2 110         2 Wei-Hwa Huang      USA       6 Sébastien Leroy    BEL
Roger Barkan          USA 985         19 David McNeill            UK 650        34 Grzegorz Ignaciuk    POL 535    50 Sanda Reic-Tomas   CRO 435     66 Istvan Prezensky     ROM 325    82 Alahari Anil Kumar   UN1 100         3 Roger Barkan       USA       7 Shinichi Aoki      JAP
Niels Roest           NLD 935         20 Denis Auroux             FRA 645       35 Marcos Marin-Galiano GER 530    51 Andreas Bolota     ROM 425     67 Michael Miller       USA 325    83 Xhelel Selmani       EU 5            4 Michael Ley        GER       8 Zoltán Horváth     HUN
Michael Ley           GER 925         21 Bram de Laat             NLD 635       36 Philippe Niederkorn BEL 520     52 Dalibor Grdan      CRO 425     68 Petar Ivanov         BUL 310    84 Zijadin Hasani       EU 0
Sébastien Leroy       BEL 830         22 László Osvalt            HUN 625          ˇ
                                                                                37 Stefan Gasˇpár       SVK 515    53 Sergiy Fishelyev   UKR 425     69 Milan Chudy ´        SVK 310
Shinichi Aoki         JAP 820         23 Karen Andrien            CAN 625       38 Petr Vejchoda        CZE 485    54 Luka Pavicic       CRO 425     70 Laurent Demonet      FRA 300
Zoltán Horváth        HUN 795         24 Tomasz Krajewski         POL 620       39 Goran Vodopija       CRO 480    55 Guy van Hooveld    UN2 420     71 Eeva Teräsvuori      EU 300     Team Results
Pál Madarassy         HUN 785         25 Byron Calver             CAN 620       40 Kamer Alyanakyan     TUR 465    56 Zafer Say          UN2 415     72 Hunor Daday          ROM 295    Team                       Points   Team                  Points    Team                   Points
Jana Tylova           CZE 780         26 Jean-Christophe                        41 Deyan Razsadrov      BUL 460    57 Michal Karwanski   POL 390     73 Blanka Lehotská      SVK 265     1 Germany                 3967      8 Czech Republic     3293      15 Russia              2052
Bart Leemans          BEL 775            Novelli                  FRA    610    42 Marian Kraus         GER 460    58 Nick Deller        UK 390      74 Stelian-Radu Cacuci ROM 255      2 USA                     3886      9 Poland             2729      16 Slovakia            2016
Derek Kisman          CAN 760         27 Claude Desset            BEL    610    43 Olga Leotieva        RUS 455    59 Martial Hue        FRA 385     75 Artur Kirkorian      BUL 255     3 The Netherlands         3859     10 Ukraine            2690      17 Bulgaria            1817
Georgiy Kassabli      UKR 755         28 Maarten Löffler          NLD    605    44 Sergiy Podshyvalov UKR 455      60 Alan O’Donnell     UK 350      76 Anton Hudák          SVK 245     4 Belgium                 3699     11 France             2504      18 Romania             1704
Yuhei Kusui           JAP 720         29 David Savitt             CAN    605    45 Met yn Örsel
                                                                                        ´               TUR 450    61 Prem Swaroop       UN1 350     77 Konstantin Halachev BUL 245      5 Hungary                 3512     12 Turkey             2401      19 United Nations 1    1534
Petr Nepovim          CZE 695         30 Jun Ito                  JAP    570    46 Andrei Bogdanov      RUS 445    62 Alexey Oleshov     RUS 345     78 Yuka Noyama          UN1 175     6 Japan                   3495     13 United Kingdom     2385      20 United Nations 2    1130
Robert Babilon        CZE 695         31 György István            HUN    560          yt
                                                                                47 Üm´ Abaciodlu        TUR 445    63 Juha Hyvönen       EU 345      79 Felix Maldonado      UN1 165     7 Canada                  3455     14 Croatia            2355      21 European Union      965
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                                                                                                                                                                                                            by Will Shortz, USA



Report on the 5 General Assembly of the WPF                                  th

                                                                                          Arnhem, The Netherlands. October 16-17 2003
The meeting was called to order by chairman Will Shortz                                                                                                                     c) In the absence of Vitezslav Koudelka,
                                                                                                                                                                               it was not known how much progress
(USA) on October 16 at 14:20. Board members present                                                                                                                            he had made during the past year on
were Peter Ritmeester, general secretary (Netherlands);                                                                                                                        producing a brochure to promote the
                                                                                                                                                                               WPC/WPF. Stanley Newman (USA)
Rob Geensen, treasurer (Netherlands); Erja Gullstén                                                                                                                            offered to help him. Peter said he
(Finland); and Will Shortz. Vitezslav Koudelka (Czech                                                                                                                          would check with Vitezslav.
Republic) was absent.                                                                                                                                                          Hendrik suggested that the WPF pro-
                                                                                                                                                                            duce a CD-ROM rather than a brochure.


T
     he WPF member countries present                                                                                                                                        d) Valter said he would make strong
     were: Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech               For the period from July 1 to October                                                                                        efforts to attract countries near
     Republic, Finland, France, Germany,     10, 2003, the WPF had receipts of                                                                                                 Croatia that are not present at this
Hungary*, India, Japan, Korea,               11,463.35 euros and expenses of 5,759.47                                                                                          year’s WPC to attend next year’s.
Netherlands, Romania*, Russia*,              euros, leaving a current balance of
Slovakia, Turkey, Ukraine, United            15,812.04 euros.                                                                                                                  Helene Hovanec (USA) offered to help
Kingdom*, and United States (* = nonvot-          Rob mentioned that the design and                                                                                         write to other countries. She will work
ing, pending payment of dues). A repre-      printing costs of WPF Newsletter #8 were                                                                                       with Valter to do this.
sentative from nonmember country             not yet shown on the expense report.
Canada was also present. Member coun-             Peter said he will talk with Ján                                                                                          Puzzlers’ Survey
try Argentina was absent. The meeting        Farkas (Slovakia) about printing the next                                                                                      Peter handed out a report on the results
was held in three sessions over two days.    newsletter in Slovakia in order to reduce                                                                                      of a survey of 2002 WPC competitors on
    Will opened the meeting by welcom-       its cost.                                                                                                                      what they liked and didn’t like about
ing the participants. The delegates intro-   d) Will asked for puzzle-related articles                                                                                      the WPC. It is summarized in WPF
duced themselves and identified the              and other contributions for the next                                                                                       Newsletter #8 (pages 22-23).
organizations they represent.                    newsletter. The deadline was set as                                                                                        The full report will be posted on the
    The minutes of the 4th General               December 15, although material at                                                                                          WPF website.
Assembly of the WPF (Oulu, Finland), as          any time would be welcome. Articles                                                                                            Peter said he would do a new survey
printed in the World Puzzle Newsletter           do not need to be in polished                                                                                              on the 2003 WPC. Bettina Rothaermel
#8 (pages 16-19), were approved.                 English; they will be copyedited by                                                                                        (Germany) offered to help him compile
    Will reminded those present that only        an English speaker and, upon                                                                                               the results.
WPF members who had paid the 2002-03             request, returned to the author for
dues were permitted to vote at the meet-         approval.                                                                                                                  WPC Puzzle Guidelines
ing and to reprint the 2003 World Puzzle                                                                                                                                    Peter handed out a reprint of the
Championship puzzles at home.                Promotion and Sponsorship                                                                                                      “Puzzle Guidelines for the World Puzzle
                                             a) On behalf of the board, Will reported                                                                                       Championship” and an article on “What
Reports                                         that Google, the Internet search com-                                                                                       Is Fair?,” as they appeared in the WPF
a) Rob reported on the 2003 WPC,                pany, which sponsors the U.S. team                                                                                          Newsletter #2 (1997, pages 14-15).
   including extensive media coverage           at the WPC, had also expressed inter-                                                                                           This sparked a discussion on the
   of the event.                                est in sponsoring the WPC itself. The                                                                                       guideline that “general knowledge” puz-
b) Will reported that two new members,          board will pursue discussions with                                                                                          zles can account for up to 10% of WPC
   India and Peru, had been approved by         Google and other potential sponsors.        tate discussions for 2004 WPC sponsor-        The beautiful Hotel Palota, in    scoring; also that “geographical ques-
   the board for WPF membership --              Any sponsorship agreement that is           ship between Google and organizer           Miskolc, Hungary, which the 2005    tions ... are proper subjects for the com-
   although Peru had not yet paid the           made will be binding on WPC hosts           Valter Kvalic (Croatia).                    WPC organizers have tentatively     petition” and that other “tests of knowl-
   dues. Hendrik Hardeman (India)               from 2005 onward.                           b) On behalf of the board, Will reported    chosen as the site of the champi-   edge” are acceptable, “if ... used with ...
   spoke about his goal to increase inter-                                                      that the New York Times Syndicate       onship.                             caution.”
   est in WPC-style puzzles in India.            Will said the board will decide in             had expressed interest in syndicating                                           Based on comments from past com-
c) Rob handed out a report on the WPF        general terms how any sponsorship                  a weekly feature of WPC-style puzzles                                       petitors, the board made a motion that
   finances. For the period from July 1,     money is to be spent. The primary goal             to newspapers around the world,                                             “Puzzles testing general knowledge are
   2002, to June 30, 2003, the WPF had       will be to increase WPC participation by           with the WPF’s endorsement. This                                            not allowed in the WPC.”
   receipts of 8,783.20 euros and            subsidizing the travel and attendance              could result in publicity and a mod-                                            Valter said that if a WPC round con-
   expenses of 3,968.37 euros, leaving a     expenses of competitors from less                  est amount of money for the WPF.                                            tains more puzzles than any solver can
   balance on June 30 of 10,108.16           wealthy countries.                                 Any developments will be reported                                           do, then having a small percentage of
   euros.                                        Meanwhile, the board will also facili-         on the WPF website.                                                         the puzzles test geographical knowledge,
                                                                                         Serhiy Grabarchuk (Ukraine) said         this year’s WPC. As Hungary had subse-                                               A person may nominate himself or some-
                                                                                     that in the list of puzzle guidelines, the   quently expressed an interest, though, a                                             one else.
                                                                                     category “mechanical puzzles” would be       motion was made to open the discussion
                                                                                     better worded as “manipulative puzzles.”     to other offers. This passed 10-0.                                                   Statement from the 2004 WPC
                                                                                     Will agreed. Nick Baxter (USA) suggested         Three offers were made. Each presen-                                             Organizers
                                                                                     that this change in wording be made in       ter was given five minutes to provide                                                Valter Kvalic announced plans for
                                                                                     the next printing.                           details.                                                                             next year’s WPC, to be held October
                                                                                         Will mentioned that, following the           György renewed his offer from last                                               12-17 at the Hotel Ambassador, in
                                                                                     WPF rules, the board will name a neu-        year to host the 2005 WPC in Miskolc,                                                Opatija, a resort town in Croatia, on
                                                                                     tral person or panel of persons to review    Hungary’s third-largest city, located in                                             the Adriatic Sea. It will be sponsored
                                                                                     the 2004 WPC puzzles and rules before        the northeast of the country, at the                                                 by Feniks magazine. Attendees will be
                                                                                     the championship for adherence to the        same hotel where a recent World Chess                                                provided round-trip transportation to
                                                                                     standards of fairness.                       Championship was held. The event                                                     the hotel from either the Zagreb airport
                                                                                                                                  would include a crossword tournament                                                 or the train station in Rijeka. Other
                                                                                     Crossword Puzzles                            in the evening, open to all WPC partici-                                             nearby major airports are Trieste and
                                                                                     On behalf of the board, Will asked for       pants, including captains and guests.                                                Venice, Italy. The price will be no higher
                                                                                     volunteers to form a committee on ways       Hungary’s 6th annual 24-Hour Puzzle                                                  than in 2003.
                                                                                     to incorporate crossword puzzles in the      Championship would be held immedi-

for example, should not be a problem.
    Peter said that including such puz-
zles is still inherently unfair, because it
                                                   Most of the WPF board,
                                               left to right: Rob Geensen
                                               (treasurer), Will Shortz
                                                                                     “...the board made a motion that puzzles testing general
limits the options of the solvers who
lack the relevant knowledge. He said the
                                               (chairman), Peter Ritmeester (gen-
                                               eral secretary) and
                                                                                                              knowledge are not allowed in the WPC”
WPC should be a test of solving skills,        Erja Gullstén. Erja stepped down at                                                                                                                                     News
not knowledge.                                 the end of her term, and in her       WPF’s activities -- not in the main com-     ately before or after the WPC, and would                                             Nick reported on the recent world Rubik’s
    John Wetmiller (Canada) said he            place Hüsnü Sincar from Turkey        petition, but as separate events or in the   be open to all WPC participants for a                                                games championships and suggested that
would like the WPC puzzles to be as            was elected.                          newsletter. He said the goal would be to     modest extra fee.                                                                    their organization might be a worthwhile
inclusive as possible.                                                               make the WPF more useful and relevant            Iliana Zvetkova (Bulgaria) offered to                                            contact for the WPF in the future.
    Nevzat Erkmen (Turkey) said the                                                  to members.                                  host the 2005 WPC in Borovec, Bulgaria,
WPC’s puzzles should embrace as much                                                     The volunteers were Hendrik (India),     a mountain resort about 60 kilometers                                                Closing
of life as possible.                                                                 Valter (Croatia), Nevzat (Turkey), György    south-southeast of Sofia. It would be                                                On behalf of the WPF, Will thanked Rob
    Hendrik said he would like the WPC                                               Istvan (Hungary), and Tim Preston            organized by Bulgarian Mensa, with the                                               and his colleagues for an exceptionally
to include types of puzzles not on the                                               (United Kingdom).                            help of puzzlers at the University of                                                fine WPC -- in its site, puzzles, organiza-
approved list -- not necessarily for points,                                             When ready, their proposals will be      Sofia.                                                                               tion, time provided for socializing and
but rather for fun and/or experimenta-                                               posted on the WPF website for discus-            Hendrik offered to host the 2005                                                 playing games, and the innovation of
tion.                                                                                sion.                                        WPC in Kochi, in southern India, on the                                              providing the instruction booklet a week
    After all discussion, the motion                                                                                              coast of the Arabian Sea. The champi-                                                before the event. Members enthusiasti-
passed 8-2.                                                                          Membership Fee for 2004-05                   onship would be held at a four-star             Miskolc, Hungary's third-largest     cally concurred.
                                                                                     On behalf of the board, Rob proposed         hotel. The puzzles would be created by       city, located in the northeast of the       There being no further business, the
The board also moved that “Puzzles that                                              that the WPF membership fee for 2004-        puzzlers from India as well as other         country, will be the host of the        meeting was adjourned on October 17 at
reward knowledge of English or any                                                   05 be 250 euros. As in the past, members     countries that haven’t yet hosted a WPC.     WPC 2005                                14:45.
other language represented at the WPC                                                from wealthier countries are encouraged      He would try to get participation from
are not allowed.” Thus, crisscross and                                               to pay more. However, there will be no       countries throughout Asia (including
word search puzzles used in the WPC                                                  exceptions made with a lowered               China), the Persian Gulf states, and
would have to be in a neutral language,           Part of the assembly. The          amount.                                      Australia.
and if a logical puzzle has a final answer     empty chair at the front right            The motion passed 10-0.                      After questions and discussion,
that spells a word, that word should not       belongs to Rob Geensen, who is                                                     a vote was conducted by secret ballot.
be in English or another non-neutral lan-      taking this picture. Often Rob        Site Selection for the 2005 WPC              The results: Hungary -- 5, Bulgaria -- 4,
guage. This passed 10-0.                       tried to be in two places at once,    Peter reported he had received two offers    India -- 2.
    Will pointed out that the rules still      in his dual roles as WPF treasurer    to host the 2005 WPC (from Bulgaria and
allow puzzles to use the Roman alpha-          and WPC host.                         India) by the deadline for offers before     Election of a Board Member
bet, with which it is assumed all com-                                                                                            One person, Hüsnü Sincar (Turkey), had
petitors are familiar. Also, the puzzle                                                                                           been nominated by the deadline to fill
instructions are to be in English, which                                                                                          the board position being vacated by Erja.
is the official language of the WPC.                                                                                              He spoke about himself and his goal to
    Hendrik said he would like a catalog                                                                                          make the WPC better known. He was
of all past WPC puzzles in order to help                                                                                          elected 8-1.
new competitors. For example, not every-                                                                                              Erja was applauded for her service on
one is necessarily familiar with                                                                                                  the board for the past three years.
Battleships or other puzzles frequently                                                                                               Will reminded members that two
used in the WPC.                                                                                                                  board positions will be electable in 2004.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  by Cihan Altay (Turkey)



1st Turkish Mind Games Ch ampionship, Istanbul 2004
The prominent puzzle magazine in Turkey, AKIL                Part 1 - Marathon I                                                                                                Part 3 - Mechanical I
                                                             It’s traditional to start with a long and                                                                          Yes, there was more than one mechani-
OYUNLARI (MIND GAMES) premiered in April                     multi-puzzled part, what we call the                                                                               cal part. This one contained some fold-
2003 and features logical and mathematical                   marathon. In a 2-hour time period com-                                                                             ing puzzles, a puzzle with transparent
                                                             petitors tried to solve 20 puzzles, some                                                                           pieces, and a rolling block puzzle with a
games. To celebrate its first birthday, and for              of which were new and some very hard.                                                                              wooden block. On second thought, you
our desire to have a puzzle event with quality,              Most of the competitors were not famil-                                                                            could say it wasn’t actually mechanical,
we decided to start the annual Mind Games                    iar with these kinds of puzzles, so it                                                                             but manipulative. Even competitors
                                                             probably came as a shock to start with                                                                             without much experience seemed to
Championship.                                                them so early as 10:00 in the morning.                                                                             manage well in this part.

                                                             Spokes - by Ümit Abacioglu                                                                                         Fold It - by Ferhat   Çalapkulu
Qualification puzzle                                         Draw lines between circles so that each                                                                            Picture the given strip with the same
It’s not difficult to publicize this event                   number tells the number of lines con-                                                                              numbers on both sides. Fold it along the
when you’re already a monthly magazine.                      nected to that circle. Lines cannot cross.                                                                         lines so that from top to bottom the
A qualifying test of 10 puzzles was given                                                                                                                                       numbers read consecutively 1 to 12.
                                                              SPOKES
in our March 2004 issue and published
on the Internet. Much to our surprise,                                                                      Early in the morning. The competitors were still fresh,
there were only 90 participants submit-                                                                   eager and expecting to solve everything...
ting answers; 70 qualified accordingly.                                                                                                                               FOLD IT
                                                                                                            DESIGN A PUZZLE
                              A TO B
A to B - by Cihan Altay                                                                                                                                                         Part 4 - Marathon II
How many ways                                                                                                                                                                   This was the opening of the afternoon
are there from                                                                                                                                                                  session of the championship. Ten rela-
A to B? You can-                                                                                                                                                                tively hard puzzles in 75 minutes. All
not pass through                                                                                                                                                                puzzles were the puzzles to be published
a dot more than                                                                                                                                                                 in the May 2004 issue of the magazine.
once within a                                                                                                                                                                   This is another good feature of being a
way.                                                                                                                                                                            puzzle magazine. One puzzle was “No
                                                                                                                                                                                Instruction,” another idea Ferhat is
                                                                                                                                                                                beginning to like, so no instruction is
The Competition                                                                                                                                                                 needed – surprisingly. He so liked it that
    Although it was just a one-day con-                                                                                                                                         there is a column of his about in the
test, the championship on April 25th 2004                                                                                                                                       magazine.
had almost every kind of puzzle, includ-                     Part 2 - Optimizations
ing optimizations, mechanical puzzles                        It is not a puzzle competition if you                                                                              Hiroimono- by Hüsnü Sincar
and even a screen test, taking a total of                    don’t have optimization puzzles. There                                                                             Start with stone 1, travel horizontally or
5.5 hours.                                                   were 3 puzzles with a 20-minute time                                                                               vertically, and number the stones as you
                                                             limit. One of them was a “Design a                                                                                 go along until you pick up all of them. You
                                       CHAMPIONSHIP BOGGLE
Part 1: Championship                                         Puzzle” puzzle. It’s a new kind of opti-                                                                           can only turn when you pick up a stone
Boggle     - by Cihan Altay                                  mizer I’m beginning to like, maybe                                                                                 but can not make a U-turn. You must pick
Place letters into the                                       because I’m running out of ideas.                                                                                  up each stone that you come across.
empty squares to read
the given phrase                                             Design a Puzzle - by Cihan Altay                                                                                      HIROIMONO

(which means                                                 In a 5x5 Skyscrapers puzzle, you have to
MINDGAMESCHAMPI-                                             locate buildings with heights from 1 to 5
ONSHIP). The letters in                                      in each row and each column of the grid
the phrase must be                                           once. There are hints outside of the
read in order by travel-                                     grid, and each hint represents the num-
ing from letter to con-                                      ber of buildings seen from that side.
secutive letter horizon-                                         Design a Skyscrapers puzzle with a
tally, vertically or diag-                                   unique answer and minimize the total
onally. The S and S are                                      of the values of the hints. Solution of
to be considered as two                                      this puzzle should be the same as the
different letters.                                           one at the right.
                                      No Instruction - by Ferhat Çalapkulu         Part 6 - 4 Operations                          Final Part                                                                          Tic-Tac-Toe for 3 - by Ferhat Çalapkulu:
                                      There is no instruction (except this) for    “Logical and Mathematical Games” is            After the first seven parts, the top 10                                             In a Tic-Tac-Toe game of three players,
                                      this puzzle. Analyze the given example,      the subtitle of our magazine. Having a         competitors were taken to a final part                                              the aim is to form a line of three same
                                      understand the rules and solve the puzzle.   pure mathematical part seemed enough           where the first had 30 minutes, the                                                 letters, either X’s or O’s, horizontally,
                                                                                   to please mathematics lovers. There was        tenth 20 minutes, and the rest propor-                                              vertically or diagonally. In the game,
    NO INSTRUCTION
                                                                                   a puzzle for each operation, and a final       tionately, based on their scores, to solve                                          players alternately place letters X and O.
                                                                                   puzzle of 10 equations to be solved in         10 puzzles. Puzzles were hung on the                                                First player starts with X, second places
                                                                                   half an hour.                                  walls and some other places. Winner                                                 an O, third X, first O and so on until one
                                                                                                                                  was Hasan Yurtoglu, followed by Nuri                                                of them wins. In the ongoing game
                                                                                   Subtraction - by Ferhat Çalapkulu              Yilmaz and Kahraman Gündüz.                                                         below, what move should the first player
                                                                                   In the subtraction problem below all                                                                                               make to guarantee a win?
                                                                                   digits from 0 to 9 have been used once.        Police Officers - by Cihan Altay
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         TIC-TAC-TOE for 3
                                                                                   Some parts of the digits are shown. Find       The map below shows the street loca-
                                                                                   the original problem.                          tions of a city. Position three police offi-      The winner was given a trophy
                                                                                                                                  cers so that any point on any street can       of three glass pieces which, when
                                                                                                                                  be seen by at least one officer.               ordered correctly and looked at
                                                                                       SUBTRACTION
                                                                                                                                                                                 from a certain angle with one eye,
                                                                                                                                                                                 shows the championship logo.

                                                                                                                                     POLICE OFFICERS




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Now was the perfect time to meet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      new puzzle lovers and some potential
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      team members too. After all, as men-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      tioned above, WPC-type puzzles are not
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      widely known in our country and we did
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      a good job introducing them with this
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      competition. Hopefully numbers will
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      grow and thousands will participate.
   10 finalists and some other
competitors after the prize-giving
ceremony. In the front row the
                                      “Now was the perfect time to meet new puzzle lovers                                                                                                                             Let’s start with next year.

designers, left to right: Ümit
Abacioglu, Cihan Altay (also editor
                                                              and some potential team members too”
of the magazine), Ferhat Çalapkulu    Part 5 - Screen Test                         Part 7 - Mechanical II
and Hüsnü Sincar (also WPF board      In Turkey, WPC-type puzzles are less pop-    The last puzzle of the championship con-
member). At the far right is Tunay    ular than brain teasers. The Screen Test     sisted of four wooden blocks with one                                                                                                                         Nuri Yilmaz (2nd), Hasan Yurtoglu
Ece, co-owner with Ferhat of          was a good opportunity to squeeze some       letter on each face. The aim was to form                                                                                                                  (1st), Kahraman Gündüz (3rd).
Oyunevi, the company producing        brain teasers into the championship. 15      a 2x2 square with them and read “akil”
the magazine.                         of them passed through the screen in 10      (no dot on i) on one face, “2004” on the
                                      minutes.                                     other, and “oyunlari” (no dot on i) on
                                                                                   the sides either clockwise or counter-
                                      Geometrics - by Ferhat Çalapkulu             clockwise. The catch was, of course, the
                                                                                   similarity of letters u-n, and letter o with
     GEOMETRICS                                                                    digit 0, not to mention the symmetrical
                                                                                   behavior of some other letters.
                                                                                   Apparently 20 minutes was too much
                                                                                   time and all competitors but three
                                                                                   solved the puzzles. Fortunately, there
                                                                                   were bonuses.
                                                                                                                                                                                                       by Will Shortz (USA) and Serhiy Grabarchuk (Ukraine)



Famous Puzzlemakers: Bo ris Kordemsky
Boris Kordemsky (1907-99), a Russian teacher                                                                                                        Martin Gardner, first published in                SPIDER’S MAZE
                                                                                                                                                    1972), and others.
  and popularizer of recreational mathematics,                                                                                                          Mathematical Quick-Wits is a giant           A spider sits at the bottom (point S) of its
is probably the best-selling author of nonword                                                                                                      (500+ pages) collection of math puzzles          web, while a fly sits at the top (F). How
                                                                                                                                                    of many kinds -- magic squares,                  many different ways can the spider reach
        puzzle books in the history of the world.                                                                                                   cryptarithms, dissections and other geo-         the fly by moving along the web’s lines --
       Just one of his books, Matematicheskaya                                                                                                      metrical challenges, puzzles with dice           but only in the directions indicated by the
       Smekalka (or, Mathematical Quick-Wits),                                                                                                      and dominoes, matchstick problems,               arrows?
                                                                                                                                                    algebraic problems, and assorted brain-
  sold more than a million copies in the Soviet                                                                                                     teasers. Gardner called it “marvelously
Union/Russia alone, and it has been translated                                                                                                      varied.” Knowledgable solvers recog-
                                                                                                                                                    nized some of the puzzles as the origi-
      into many languages. By exciting millions                                                                                                     nal inventions of the American Sam
       of people in mathematical problems over                                                                                                      Loyd, the British Henry E. Dudeney, the
                                                                                                                                                    Belgian Maurice Kraitchik, and others.
     five decades, he influenced generations of                                                                                                     But undoubtedly a significant number
               solvers both at home and abroad.                                                                                                     of the puzzles were new.

                                                                                                                                                    Educational aim

B
     y profession Kordemsky taught            Boris Kordemsky with a table                                                                               While the book was hugely enter-
     math in Moscow at high schools, a     full of manipulative puzzles.                                                                            taining, its purpose was mainly didac-
     university, and a military academy.                                                                                                            tic. In the introduction Kordemsky said:
For many years he wrote for                                                                                                                         “All materials in this book are devoted
Mathematics in School magazine, in                                                                                                                  to the educational aim -- to spur cre-
which his column “Entertaining Page”                                                                                                                ative thinking, to further perfection of
was very popular (and useful) among                                                                                                                 mathematical knowledge ....”
both teachers and students. His math                                                                                                                     Besides the above, Kordemsky was
and puzzle columns also appeared in                                                                                                                 the author of one other great work of
Science and Life, Quantum, and Young                                                                                                                puzzles -- Matematicheskiye Zavlekalki
Technician.                                                                                                                                         (or, Mathematical Charmers), published
                                                                                                                                                    posthumously in 2000. It is a sort of pre-


“Mathematical Quick-Wits is a giant collection of math
                            puzzles of many kinds. Gardner called it ‘marvelously varied.’”
                                                                                                                                                                                                   quel to his 1954 book, in that its puz-
     ROSES                                                                       It’s for his book Mathematical           THE WOODEN BEAM                                                          zles are easier, and, apparently, more of
                                                                             Quick-Wits, however, that Kordemsky is                                                                                them are original.
                                       Divide the square grid into           most famous. It first appeared in 1954                                                                                    On these pages are four puzzles by
                                       four equal (and congruent)            (not 1956, as is sometimes stated), just                                                                              Boris Kordemsky, selected from his
                                       parts so that each part con-          after the post-Stalin thaw in the Soviet                                                                              various puzzle books, that we found
                                       tains exactly one each of the         Union, in an edition of 150,000 copies,                                                                               particularly charming.
                                       letters R, O, S, and E.               which quickly sold out. A second edi-
                                                                             tion in 1955 sold a similar number, as                                                                                   WITH BRACKETS’ HELP
                                                                             did a third edition in 1956. Altogether
                                                                             more than 10 editions have appeared in                                                                                 2:3: 4:5: 6= 5
                                                                             Russia to date, most recently in 2000.
                                                                             The book has been translated into                                                                                      2 : 3 : 4 : 5 : 6 = 80
                                                                             Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Romanian,            A wooden beam, which is perfectly rectangular -- with edges 8, 8, and 27
                                                                             Hungarian, Czech, Polish, German,          centimeters, respectively -- is to be sawed into 4 parts out of which a      Each colon represents a division sign. Add
                                                                             French, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, all     cube can be made. How can this be done? As the old saying goes, one          enough brackets to each equation to
                                                                             the Baltic languages, English (under the   should draw first and saw later.                                             make it correct.
                                                                             title The Moscow Puzzles, edited by
Present and Future Members
Full membership                                   to participating in the World Puzzle            2. Membership                               2-3 The criteria for WPF membership are:        2-4 If a country is already represented in     2-6 Personal memberships will also be
   The World Puzzle Federation is an              Championship (WPC) if:                          2-1 The minimum annual membership fee       • Conducting open, national qualifying              the WPF and a second group would               available to individuals. The fee will be
   association of legal bodies with an          • their country is not yet represented                will be 250 euros.                          tournaments to select members of a              also like to represent that country, the       50 euros/year. The benefits of person-
   interest in puzzles. Only one member           there, and if                                                                                   WPC team;                                       board will first encourage the two             al membership include:
   per country can belong to the WPF.           • there are not more than four individ-           2-2 The benefits of membership include:                                                         groups to work together. If that is not
   The WPF follows the Olympic standard           ual members from that country                                                               •   Promoting and publicizing these tour-           possible, then the second group            •   Subscription to the WPF newsletter;
   in what constitutes a country. Below                                                           •    Right to use the WPF logo;                 naments;                                        should apply for membership in
   are the countries represented in the              In case there are more than four                                                                                                             writing, explaining why it would be a      •   Right to visit all parts of the WPF
   WPF and information on the                        individual members from a country            •    Right to publish WPF puzzles           •   Encouraging quality and innovation in           better representative for the country          website and to participate in online
   legal bodies representing those                   that is not yet a WPF member, the                 (beginning in 2000) in the member’s        puzzling;                                       than the existing member. The board            activities;
   countries. Most countries are repre-              board of the WPF will decide who                  home country, including those from                                                         should study the proposal and make a
   sented by national puzzle federations,            will participate.                                 WPC’s and qualifying tournaments       •   Representing the interests of the WPF           decision, carefully considering the cri-   •   Right to participate in the WPC if
   puzzle clubs or leading publishers                                                                  of other WPF members;                      in the member’s country.                        teria outlined above.                          the person’s country is not already
   of puzzle magazines.                              Criteria for membership and                                                                                                                                                                 represented by a national team
                                                     the membership fee                           •    Right to send a team to the World          Membership can be possible without          2-5 The WPF will follow International
Individual membership                                Following is the relevant section from            Puzzle Championship;                       meeting these criteria, but only as             Olympic Committee criteria in
   Individuals can become individual                 the WPF’s Rules and Regulations. See                                                         long as there are no applicants from            deciding which countries are eligible
   members which entitles them to a                  also www.worldpuzzle.org/                    •    Right to vote on WPF matters during        the same country meeting all these              to be admitted to membership and
   subscription to this Newsletter and               wpf/regulations.htm                               a general assembly.                        criteria.                                       to compete in the WPC.


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                                                                                                                                                                                  (Puzzelsport)
    Solutions
                     Page 4-11                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Page 20-23
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Design a Puzzle                        Geometrics
             CRACK IT ON                                                                                                                                               FROM H TO H                                                                      A to B
                                                                                                                                                                    H G N R C B Q L                                       J M E P F A D K H             There are 276 ways from A to B.
                 N            I                B        L                F           A                   R       B           L
        B                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Championship Boggle
                 A                    R                                  I                                       A                                                     MEANDER                                                                                                                                                      Multiply the number of sides
                                                                                     N                                       F
        L        O R                          A N                                                        L           I                                                                                                                                                                                                              of the shape by 2, 3, 4, ... in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4                                                                                                         order. 4x7=28
        N                S                     L        I                R                   O A                     F       A                                                                                            1
                                      O                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Subtraction
        U        L                            A                                      U E N                                                                                                                                2
                                                                         A                                       O                                                                                                        3
        R                     F       U                S                             S               A                       L                                                                                            3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Try to beat 18.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1

                FOUR IN A ROW                                                            1-12                                                                                                                             9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Hiroimono
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4

        6        2        5       4       6        3    3        3                                                               4                             5                                                          5
                                                                                                 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          5
4       X 0 0 0 X 0                                     X X              5                                                               6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2
3       0 0 X X X 0                                     0 0              3                                   10                                  11                                                                       3

4       X 0 0 X 0 0                                     X X              5                                                                                                                                                1                             Spokes                                                                       Police Officers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4
5       X X X 0 X X                                     0 0              4                                       3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          9
3       X 0 X 0 X 0                                     0 0              6                                                                                            9    6    8   8       5     4       4   5   3   4

6       0 X X 0 X X                                     X X              4   7                                                                   9            12      THE WEAKEST LINK
3       X 0 0 X 0 X                                     0 0              6
                                                                                                                                                                                                4 11 14 11 11 14 16 8 13 17 14 14 16 18 13 11 8 7 8 5
4       X 0 X X X 0                                     0 0              4                                                                       1                                      5                                                                                                     Fold it
        5        5        6       4       5        5    6        6                                                                                                                      6
                                                                                                                                                                                        7                                                                                                     Start with folding 4-5-6-7
                                                                                                                                                                                    10                                                                                                        together and in order. Then
                JAPANESE SUMS                                                                                                                                                       10                                                                                                        fold the other numbers one
                                                                     3               10                                                                                             11                                                                                                        by one.
                                  6       25                 20 12                       2               6       8
                                                                                                                                                                                    13
                                                                                                                                                                                        9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Tic-Tac-Toe for 3
                                  11      4        4    22    4      11          3   20 19 16
                                                                                                                                                                                    14                                                                                                        No Instruction
                                  16      9        29 21 19 16 27                        3   19 20                                                                                  13
            13 10 19                      9        4          7      3                   6       8       5                                                                          13
            13 14 10                                                                                                                                                                13
                                  6       7             9     5              3           4       2       1
                                                                                                                                                                                    15
                     22       5           6        1    3     8      4                           5                                                                                  14
                     22 23        9       3        6    4            8       5           2       1       7                                                                          15
    2       15       4       12                                                                                                                                                     17
                                  2                8    6     1              4                   3       9
                                                                                                                                                                                    16
                     6       25           4        2          3      6       9           7                                                                                          13
            10 20             4                    9    1            5       7           8               4                                                                          11
            7        20 17        7                3    8     9              2           5       4       6                                                                              8

            5        18 17        4       1             5     6      7                           9       8
            13 20 11
                                                                                                                                                                          ABC
                                  5       8             7     4      9                   3       6       2

                DOMINO LOOP
                                                                                                                                                                   A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
                                                                                                                                                                   6 3 8 20 18 26 1 23 14 24 15 22 7 10 9 19 4 16 5 17 12 25 21 11 2 13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Page 24-25
                                                             7       2       3       4       5       7       3           2   5       7       5        6                                                                                                 Roses                      A Spider's Maze                           The wooden Beam
                                                       11    0       5       5       6               2       2           0   0       0       0        6   26           STAR BATTLE                                                                                                 There are 141 possible ways between the
                                                        4    0                       6               4                                                6   16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          H       H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   spider and the fly.
                                                        8    3                       6       6       4                       4       4       1        1   29                                              H                               H
                                                        2    3                                                               4                            7                                                       H       H
                                                        4    6                                                               4       3       3            16                                          H                               H

                                                        7    6               2       5       5       5                                       5        5   33
                                                                                                                                                                                                              H               H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  With Brackets' Help
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      H                       H
                                                        5    2       2       2                       5                                                1   12
                                                                                                                                                                                                              H                       H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The solutions are as follows:
                                                        5                                    4       4                               2       2        1   13                                       H                          H                                                   (2 : 3) : (4 : 5 : 6) = 5
                                                        2                                    0                                       3                    3                                                       H                       H                                       2 : (3 : 4 : 5 : 6) = 80
                                                                                                                                                                                                          H                       H
                                                        4                                    0       1       1                       3                    5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      H                       H
                                                        4                                                    1           1   3       3                    8

                                                             20      7       9       23 15 25                4           1   15 18 11 20

				
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