Reading How to Help Your Child Succeed Reading … what is it? Reading is a complicated, dynamic process. involves a number of interactions between our eyes, voice, and mind. is the door to succeed in all subject areas. provides opportunities for future success in life What are the pieces of reading? Phonics Sight Word Recognition Vocabulary Comprehension Fluency Phonics Spoken pieces of the English language Recognizable patterns in speech, writing and reading Used to decode larger words A building block to reading success Examples and Ideas CVC Multisyllabic Words mat, tuv overwhelmed Magic e content mike, drape, etc. Use our phonics ai and ay patterns to decode drain, tray these larger words. tion and sion Help your child vacation, mansion attack these words by looking for patterns or small words Sight Word Recognition Words that are commonly found in reading and writing Words that do not fit the pattern found in phonics Words that need to be memorized for ease with reading Examples and Ideas Where Ideas to help learn Does these words: Repetition Some Chants Have Cheers Good Use in context Could Read them in isolation Put them in sentences Are Circle them in What sentences Would Games Flash Cards More Memory Give Guess the word Sight Word Hunts Vocabulary Words that may not be found in everyday reading and writing Teach vocabulary in context by utilizing both fiction and nonfiction books Allows students to expand their schema related to particular topics, conversational speech, writing and reading comprehension Examples and Ideas How To: Use the words that Identify vocabulary your child’s teacher Discuss the meaning shares in her parent of the word based on letter clues Play guessing games Identify the meaning with the words of the word Break the words Use the word in apart and put them speech and writing back together Identify the word in Create your own other readings chart of “powerful” words in your home Make it a $.25 word Comprehension Reading Comprehension refers to the understanding of what we read Involves the elements mentioned above: Decoding, identifying sight words, and understanding higher level vocabulary words Also involves fluency - the ability to use all of these skills for a smooth, fluid read We will look at fluency more in depth in the next few slides Examples and Ideas Teach: Story elements Predictions Self to Text Connections Text to Text Connections Text to World Connections Questioning Visualizing Inferences Synthesizing Examples and Ideas, cont. How can you help? You can talk to your child about: Story Elements: character, setting, problem, solution Prediction: guesses before you read Connections: matches Questioning: what do you wonder about before, during and after you read Visualizing: pictures you make in your mind when you read Inferences: smart conclusions that you make from clues the author gives you; what is the author telling you that he/she did not actually say Summarizing and Synthesizing: telling the most important parts of the story and finding that “aha” moment – the big picture Fluency Fluency refers to the rate, accuracy and overall “smoothness” of reading A fluent reader does the following: Reads words in a snap Groups words together Reads with expression Reads smoothly Reads for comprehension – to make meaning Fluency, cont. A fluent readers sounds like we talk A non-fluent reader sounds like a robot. Fluency affects comprehension They go hand in hand If we are stuck on sight words we don’t know or if we are stuck on decoding words, then our brain is so focused on that job that the meaning gets lost. Examples and Ideas 3rd Time is the Charm! Research says when a child has read a book/passage 3 times, they can be fluent at that reading When a child has to stop and attack a word or is stuck on a word … Go back and read the entire sentence with the “problem” word smoothly Echo Read Model for your child – you read and then have them read it back to you Ok … so where is MY child as a reader? WRAP Writing Reading Assessment Profile Research Based Program Provides a reading level based on your child’s independent use of the following: Phonics Sight words Vocabulary Comprehension Fluency WRAP Levels and Progression Approximate Time to Meet Level Reading Level A Kindergarten B Kindergarten C (Kindergarten/First) August D September E October F November G December/January H February I March J April K May L Second Grade M Second Grade How can you help?! Read to and with your child Devote time daily Use some of the ideas shared here Practice the “just right books” that your child’s teacher is sending home Talk about the story you read Model fluent reading for your child HAVE FUN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!