Republic of Angola March-June 2003

Document Sample
Republic of Angola March-June 2003 Powered By Docstoc
					             Angola – Report of Article 7 of the Ottawa Convention (March – June / 2003)


     Report of Article Nº. 7 to the UN General-Secretary

SIGNATORY:                    Republic of Angola

CONTACT:                   Comissão Nacional Inter-Sectorial de Desminagem
                           E Assistência Humanitária as Vitimas de Minas
                                 Cidade Alta, Nº: 32 Furtado Pinheiro Street
                                 Tel / fax: + 244 2 37 22 18
       Form A                       Implementation National Measures (Article 9)

       Article 7.1      "Each signatory state must provide a report…. On:
                     a) The national implementation measures referred to in article 9"

                    (According to article 9, " each signatory state must follow every legal
measures, administrative and other appropriate measures, including the o penalties, to
prevent and hinder any activity banned by the convention undertaken by people or even
in the territory under its control")

Signatory state: Angola                   Report for the period of: March to April / 2003

Measures                                          Period of enforcement
                                                  June 28 2002
                                                  (additional information)
 There were no additional measures taken
during the period. According to the
dispositions on paragraph h) of article 110
and article 113, both from the
constitutional act
On the 26th of May 1995, decree number
14/95, the government ordered the

Establishment of the national institute for
the removal of EOD (INAROEE) and the
approval of its organic status.

INAROEE is a government specialized
institution which is responsible for the
coordination and execution of the country's
mine action activity to facilitate
populations    resettlement,    agricultural
activity and the free movement of people
and goods.

INAROEE is a national institution, it has
its headquarters in Luanda, enabling it to
develop its action through operational
brigades,    regional   delegations   and
certifying agencies.

In the scope of          its   responsibilities
INAROEE has to:

a) Conduct studies and projects on mine
    action and mine risk education.
b) Monitor the activities related to mine
    action in every area under its control.
c) Administer the mine action activities in
    the         social-economic         project
    implementation areas, such as roads
    and communication, to facilitate the
    circulation/movement of people and
    goods, population's resettlement and
    agricultural activity.
d) Render technical-material assistance to
the mine action process,           developing
directive standards, make people follow the
standards to accomplish operational
e) Evaluate the mine situation in the
    country        through      investigations,
    recognition together with the entities
    and institutions which are ready to
    assist the mine action process;
f) Promote and motivate the mobilization
    of ex-military engineers and others
    with experience in such activities to
    increase the effective staff necessary in
    the operation;
g) Cooperate in the training or technical -
    professional recovery of the personnel,
    through specific projects or programs;
h) Cooperate with the organizations,
    governmental and non- governmental
    entities, the civil and the military to
    ensure success in their goals;
i) Deal with other issues related to mine
    action and mine risk education
j) Discuss and prepare signatures of
    cooperation agreements in the scope of
    its activities;
k) Contract          specialized       national
    companies for the removal of UXOs
    and execution of mine action activities;

l) Train national staff to work in mine
   removal          operations/De-mining

m) Organize educational seminars to the
   population for the prevention of mine
n) Participate in international forums in
   which they can discuss on issues
   related    to    mines     and     their
o) Execute other activities as deliberated
   by the senior management.

In order to revitalize the mine action sector,
the Angolan government has established
through the terms of arrangements
combined on paragraph h) of article 110
and of article 113 both from the
constitutional act, on the 14th of September
2001, decree number 54/01, the following:

Establishment of the National Inter
Sectorial      Commission        for
Clearance/Demmining and Humanitarian
Assistance - shortly denominated as

The National Inter Sectorial Commission
for         Clearance/Demmining        and
Humanitarian Assistance - CNIDAH is the
organ responsible for planing, coordination
and controls the public and private
institutions which under take mine action
activities, assistance and welfare of mine

In the scope of its responsibilities
CNIDAH has the following fundamental

a) Coordinate, plan, organize and control
   all mine action activities, assistance to
   mine victims (special care for women
   and children, treatment post trauma)
   and welfare of mine victims;
b) Conduct studies and cooperation
   projects amongst organisms and/or
   national or international organization
   with activities to this end;

c) Harmonize projects and programs,
   plans and reports to be approved;
d) Supervise the application of the Ottawa
   convention in the country.
e) Organize       and     participate    in
   international forums in which it will be
   discussed issues related to mine action,
   Humanitarian Assistance and welfare of
   mine victims;
f) Conduct national and international
   donor funding distribution, supplying to
   them accounts bi - annually;
g) Express the financial participation of
   the Angolan government.

       Form B               Total stock of Anti - Personnel Mines

       Article 7.1 " Each Member State will report to the general secretary…on:

                   b) The total stocks of anti - personnel mines belonging or pursued by
                      that member state, or which are found under the control of that
                      member state, discriminated by type, quantity and, if possible, the
                      lot number for each type of existing anti - personnel mine"

Signatory State:   Angola         Report for the period of: March to April /2003.

Type                   Quantity                Lot Number             Complimenting
PPM - 2                                  645                          These mines are
PONZ                                    1451                          stored in the main
M - 75                                   806                          store of the military
PMN                                      284                          camp in Luanda and
PMM - 1                                 7132                          of    the    military
MON -100                                 202                          regions     of    the
PMD - 6                                  204                          Angolan        Armed
PPMSR - 1                                190                          Forces.
Signaling                                257
OTK                                      190
OZM - 4                                 3971
OZM - 72                                 136
MON - 50                                 197
GYATA                                    876
M - 90                                42.450
Total                                 59.091

Art 7.1

Each state member is to submit a report on:
C. The location of all controlled mined or likely to be mined, this information must
include names and quantity of type of mines, and time the have been set.



In late 1999 the national Institute for the removal of obstacles and exploded ordnance
(INAROEE) stabilized a “national mine survey plan 2000”, but has not been
implemented because of war. The following are the objectives consisted by the same

The information on land mine contamination in Angola are short and unclear due to the
different parts involved on mining activities, and lack of credible records.

With the resumption of military hostilities in late 1998 and the reports on laying of new
mines in 1999 by different belligerents, the situation worsened and became more
complex for the people not involved or with no experience in mine action. The
information on figures of exiting mines on ground and of data on post conflict mine
survey has sometimes been exaggerated.

Extensive survey operations have been conducted in ten Eastern provinces within the
period of 1995 to 1997, as a result, approximately 1940 individual reports were
completed. Yet In 1998 partial or completed survey operations were conducted in five
more provinces namely: Bie, Cabinda, Cunene, Huambo, and Lunda Sul Thus increasing
the number of the survey reports that were submitted to the dada base. During 1999
survey operations continued covering more than 280 suspected mined areas though in
slightly different working conditions as the activities had to be adapted to the new
working conditions due to the resumption of the military hostilities. Yet, the worst of
safety and supply logistic road conditions posed a postponement of the survey operations
for the three provinces namely: Kuando Kubango, Lunda Norte and Moxico. The national
survey operations should be completed in the whole country after covering the three
above refereed provinces.

Again, the lack of safety, due to resumption of war, posed a considerable delay on the
implementation of the survey plan. Thus grand difficulties appeared on deployment of
survey team on ground.

Extra time was required, to what had been prior planned to rebuild the infrastructures.

The survey teams face many difficulties, because they are not installed in their
headquarters, due to their specific tasks.

As the survey team activities had to be adapted to the new working conditions, also they
showed efficiency on the mine assessment situation as in Malange, Bie, and Huambo, the
survey teams had played an important role on assessment of besieged areas that are inside
the city perimeters. This had allowed the settlement of the growing internal displaced
population and considerable agriculture mined area cleared.

 The survey program will provide an assessment on the level of contamination of mines
in the country, thus reduce the mine or UXO threat and facilitate the implementation of
any other development project.

The late understanding protocol signature of April 4, 2002 is fundamental base for mine
survey program in Angola.

By the end of 1995 to the beginning of 1996, a lot of information on the mine locations
were obtained from disperse sources in different provinces, due to the mistrust of the
parties involved in conflict, and lack of freedom of people and goods. As a result of the
peace process implementation in Angola the working conditions improved, many areas
that had prior been surveyed were verified again and updated all information.

The present situation will lead to an expansion in an inclusive covering of the survey
operations to a national scale. Level 1survey operations are and will remain for much
longer as a continuous process. Verification, marking and documentation of areas
suspected of UXO and mined areas, and its posterior verification, will necessarily have to
be seen as progressive activities while some areas in the country are still considered as
isolated and of difficult access, especially for geographical reasons. With the
achievement of defined peace, the strategic military areas should also be available for
documentation, marking and clearance/ De-mining. Survey operation should and will
continue to take place at the moment this progress begins to take place.

The current investigation national plans, has three types of classifications of survey level,
being it Level 1 - General Survey; Level 2 -Technical Survey and Level 3 - Clearance/
De-mining Report.

Mine survey objectives - Focus index initially in Level 1 survey aiming to document all
mined areas or suspected of mines and UXO in the Angolan territory. Survey to identify
and localize all mined areas or suspected of mines and compile all information on
extension and the type of mine discovered, apart from any other important information
relevant to clearance and marking of the area. Has equally as an objective to cover all 18
provinces aiming at obtaining general information on the mine situation in Angola. After
this, the Level 1survey operations must proceed and be established in a continuos and
natural task for operators.

It is obvious that it would be impossible to document and put into map all mined areas
and suspected of mines and UXO in Angola within this short period of time,
fundamentally to the continuous problem of lack of access into some areas of work will
surely make some areas impossible for survey operations, which will make the survey
teams return to these same areas in the future. Mine reports based on the last war in
determined areas where it was registered the biggest military action equally constitute
factors which show the importance of a future national capability within Level 1 survey
in Angola. Meanwhile, it is important to note that the value of Level 1-survey operations
undertaken until now will remain high. It will remain high as long as it represents
information on mined areas or suspected of mines and UXO which will never disappear
unless the report object areas could be verified and certified that there are no existing
mines through verification, marking and/or through area reduction, or that the same areas
are object of a new mine action activity.

Taking this into account, the objectives of Level 1 survey continue to be to document
mined areas or even suspected of mines and UXO in Angola. Before anything else, it
aims at providing general information of the land mine situation in Angola. Secondly, to
document and put into map all mined areas or suspected of mines and UXO in Angola.

All available information about UXO particles mined areas or suspected of mines and
UXO should be submitted to the existing database at CNIDAH. The state of mine
contamination in Angola should be presented and assessed in a way that could provide
the best possible information for planning and implementation of mine action program
and of development in Angola. Assessment must include recommendations on methods
to be applied in mine action activities, as well as the order of priority of the mine action
activities related to the involved resources and resultant potential benefits.

Level 1 survey will provide the necessary information for the precise marking of mined
areas and for other following support:

* Priority to De-mining Activities
 Assessment of development risks
 Repatriation plan
 Study on the state of road accessibility
 Infrastructure reconstruction
 Demobilization process in the areas of resettlement
 Educational activities on mine action program (PEPAM)
 Social-economic development programs on behalf of ministries and other Angolan

MINE INFORMATION SOURCE. Data collection process normally includes contacts
with the following organs, without therefore being limited to them:

   Institutions and governmental departments, mine risk education programs
   Non-governmental organizations

   Delegations or police quarters
   Hospitals and health centers
   UN organisations (UNOA, OCHA, UNICEF, UNDP, etc)
   De-mining and UXO removal organizations
   Urban and rural communities and local population
   Prostheses centers
   Churches
   Military unities (Armed Forces General Quarters and Engineering Unities)

Personnel specialized on Level 1 land mine survey, with necessary experience and
abilities must implement the work in conformity with the standard operation procedures
(SOP) of national reference, currently IMAS adopted in Angola. The information on
recorded survey operations is categorized in three models to be known:

Level 1: (Includes mine risk education: Level 2 and 3 (conclusion). All data record and
information on mines and UXO should be introduced in the IMAS adopted in Angola
standard survey forms (the formats related to survey Level 1, 2 and 3 are illustrated in the
following annexes…..)


The objective of marking a mined field consists in creating a visual demarcation of a
mined area in order to warn the people about the presence of mines. Marking may
involve the construction of a physical barrier to warn and impede people and cattle of
entering accidentally into a mined area. Area reduction is an essential part of level 2
survey. It can be done through a variety of methods (manual De-mining, mechanical and
EDDs). The verification of mined field limits is a too difficult task in Angola due to a
series of factors like those mentioned as follows:
a) Mines were often discovered in a non-systematic way;

b) They were frequently installed at various stages of the conflict by different people, or
   even complemented by other parts;

c) Practically there was no marking task executed, without the existence of
   documentation on the existing limits, the structure or location of mines by entities
   responsible for their installation, etc. In this conformity, in many areas only one
   complete operation could define the limits of mined field.


In the beginning of the military hostilities at the of 1998, 15 of the 18 provinces were
object of survey operations, namely Bie, Bengo, Cabnda, Cunene, Huila, Kuanza-Norte,
Kuanza-Sul, Malange, Namibe, Uige and Zaire. The reports from Huambo and Bie, have

not yet been widely distributed. All the way, all data from the survey operations in the 15
provinces were compiled, having elaborated provincial survey reports.

The return of the hostilities, in December 1998, brought considerable delays in the survey
operations and, basically, all survey capacity had to adopt working conditions slightly
different for almost all the period of 1998 to 2002, with the ceasing of the hostilities.

Some areas experienced great changes, while in the other hand some areas were not
affected by the return of the hostilities.

a) The main affected areas are located at the plateau, especially in Huambo province,
   Bie, Malange and Moxico which were the main scene of the military operations
   during the last stage of war.

b) Many of the 18 provinces of Angola were not affected by the installation activity of
   new mines.

c) working and recovery situation of the survey operations in the provinces can be
   resumed in the following manner:

   The provinces considered having a Level 1 global assessment until end of 1999 are:
    Bengo, Benguela, Cabinda, Kuanza-Norte, Kuanza-Sul, Cunene, Huambo, Huíla,
    Lunda-Sul, Malange, Namibe, Uíge and Zaire;
   The provinces in which Level 1 survey operations was concluded, but there was need
    for a greater access to roads and determined areas are: Bie, Kuando Kubango and
   The provinces in which there was a minimum survey operations are: Lunda-Norte,


Up to 1998, 14 provinces were objects of total survey operations. All the way, the survey
teams could not compile information on all mined areas or suspect of mines and UXO
during the operations due to three fundamental reasons, namely:

   Limited access, i.e., to inaccessible areas due to the broken bridges, roads with very
    high grass, areas on which the survey teams were not authorized to enter;
   Limited information, there were no sources of information, or the potential sources
    did not provide the information on areas and area extension as well as mined areas
   Survey team security could not be guaranteed during survey operations.

With the achievement of effective peace registered on the 4th of April 2002, great survey
operations are been undertaken in all provinces in the country, aiming to determine the
situation in areas affected by the return of the hostilities. Fortunately, in most parts of
these areas, great changes were not registered regarding to the survey operations

previously executed. It was registered an increase in the number of mine accidents in
various provinces in the country, as well as an increase related to the forced and massive
migration of the population caused by the previous war.


CNIDAH's Database related to landmine collects all reports on Level 1-survey
operations. The database unity verifies and introduces the reports on survey to the
database and ISMA. INAROEE's database contained 2893 and, currently, about +100
new reports were introduced as results of survey activities and clearance undertaken by
NGOs and INAROEE's brigade.
Database is essential for the documentation of all identified areas as well as mined or
suspect of containing mines (Level 3 reports) in Angola. The same offers a general
panoramic of the state of contamination of mines and the actual country situation related
to mines, and offers an instrument for analyses in the establishment of priorities and in
the planning of activities on mine action in Angola.

From the assessment of reports coming from the field based on the state of contamination
by different investigation Levels, are recorded in a coverage of national scale, its
geographical location, type of ordnance, mined area references, and other important

The support capacity for the management of information was prepared with the eminent
support of the UN and with some international agencies by training human resources,
material and financial. A database created to become the device/server of all information
related to landmine, accidents and their characteristics.

It is built with the Geographical Information System "GIS" and databases developed to
combine data on, resources, or land exploration, maps, area photos, drafts, tables,
vectored images, graphics, and others. It has a number of additional information which
are found available. New strategies are been applied with a new order of expedition of
information on mine action, accident characteristics and their consequences. An effort
has been provided for the acquisition of colored scanned letters series 1/100.000, used in
clearance/ De-mining operations. It has scanned images in black/white but because they
have predominant color grey and have difficulty in reading and interpreting, it had to
suspend its expedition. The colored scanned letters will be geographically referenced as
additional information whenever available; they will be expedited in CD-ROM,
impression and through the Internet, in coverage numbers of the Angolan territory.

Soon, the database will implant the information management system mine action -
IMSMA, a system developed specifically to administer the geographical information on
landmines and which is already being established in the member states of the Ottawa

Form D: Anti - personnel mines retained or transferred (Article 3)

Article 7.1    "each member state will directly report to the general secretary……on the

The type, quantity and, if possible, the lot number of all anti - personnel mines stored or
transferred for development or training activities in the area of detection, removal or mine
demolition/Disposal techniques, or transferred for demolition/Disposal, as well as the
organization authorized by the signatory state retaining or transferring anti - personnel
mines according to article 3."

Signatory State: Angola           Report for the period of: March to August 2003.

The national clearance/De-mining program is ready to use different systems to deal with
anti - personnel mines (APM) such system include (Manual, Mechanical and the use of
EDDs) utilized by De-mining operators, especially by the Mine Action Technical School
at Viana / Luanda.

The Angolan Armed Forces (FAA) has MAT to train De-miners for Humanitarian De-

1.   Retained mines for development and training activities (Article 3, paragraph 1)

Institution       Type               Quantity           Lot Number         Additional
Authorized by                                                              Information
the State
Angolan           PPM - 2                         200                      These data was
Armed Forces      PONZ                            200                      provided by the
                  M - 75                          200                      Angolan Armed
                  PMN                             100                      Forces, the only
                  PMM - 1                         200                      institution that
                  MON - 100                        50                      has mines with
                  PMD - 6                          50                      them.
                  PPMSR - 1                        30                      But in the scope
                  Signalizing                      30                      of development
                  Mines                                                    and      training,
                  OTK                             190                      FAA has been
                  OZM - 4                          50                      providing from
                  MON - 50                         30                      the existing Lot
                                                                           numbers (mines
                  GYATA                            30
                                                                           for instruction
                  M - 90                          100
                                                                           purposes to the
                  Total                          1390
                                                                           various      mine

2.          Transferred mines for development and training activities
                             (Article 3, paragraph 1)

Institution        Type               Quantity         Lot number      Additional
Authorized by                                                          Information
The State
N/V                                          0
                Total                        0

3.                      Transferred mines for demolition/Disposal purposes
                                        (Article 3, paragraph 1)

Institution    Type                   Quantity         Lot number      Additional
Authorized by                                                          Information
The State
N/V                                   0
            Total                     0

Formulary E: Situation of the conversion program or the banning of the anti -
personnel mine production infrastructures

Article 7.1 " Each member state shall report to the general secretary on the following:

e) The situation of the programs for the transformation or the banning of the
infrastructure that produces anti personnel mines."

Signatory State: Angola     Report for the period of: March to June / 2003

Indicate Banning               Status (current or             Ceasing bye - laws
                                                              Angola          does     not
                                                              manufacture anti personnel
                                                              mines due to the fact that
                                                              there are no infrastructures
                                                              for this effect.

Formulary F: Situation of the programs for the demolition/Disposal of anti-
personnel mines

Article 7.1 " Each member state should report to the general secretary on the following:

d) The situation of the programs for disposal of anti-personnel mines on Articles 4 and 5,
with details of the methods that shall be used for disposal, the location of all areas for
disposal and the environment security and protection measures."

Signatory State: Angola      Report for the period of: March to June /2003.

1. Status of the programs for the disposal of stored anti personnel mines (Article 4)

The Angolan Armed Forces, began after February 2002, with anti personnel mine
disposal programs throughout the country, especially in the military regions and big
military quarters.

Program Status Description
Areas for disposal/demolition                 At polygons of war material disposal of the
                                              regions (see Formulary G)
Methods                                       Mine disposal in clearance/De-mining
                                              zones is generally done through detection
                                              of explosive load with electric system and
Security Measures                             The security measures in anti-personnel
                                              mine disposal programs should follow the
                                              document known as "National Standard
                                              Procedures for Humanitarian clearance/De-
                                              mining in Angola – SOP
Environmental Protection Measures             Anti personnel mine disposal is done in
                                              such a way that the existing infrastructures
                                              and the environment as a whole remain

2. Status of programs for the disposal of anti personnel mines in mined zones

Program Status Description
Areas for disposal                              ( see Formulary G)
Methods                                         Mine disposal in clearance/De-mining
                                                zones is usually done through detection of
                                                explosive load with electric system
Security Measures                               Security Measures in anti-personnel mine
                                                disposal programs must follow the
                                                document known as "national Standards
                                                Procedures for Humanitarian clearance/De-
                                                mining in Angola – SOP
Environmental Protection Measures               Anti-personnel mine disposal is done in
                                                such a way that the existing infrastructures
                                                and the environment as a whole remain

Formulary G: Anti personnel mines destroyed after the coming into force of the

Article 7.1 " Each member state shall report to the general secretary on the following:

g) The type and quantity of all anti personnel mines disposed after the coming into force
of the Convention, including the quantity by type of anti personnel mines disposed, and,
when possible, the lot number for each type of anti personnel mine in the case of disposal
done according to article 4"

Signatory State: Angola   Report for the period of: March to August 2003.

Following the data obtained through the Angolan Armed Forces, during February 2002/
2003, the various Military Regions and Big Quarters (FAA), undertook the disposal of
anti personnel mine in mined and stored zones.

1. Stored anti personnel mine disposal (Article 4)

Type                           Quantity                        Additional Information
                                            0                      See Formulary D
           Total                            0

2. Disposal of anti personnel mines laid on mined zones (Article 5)

Type                         Quantity                   Additional Information
PPM - 2                                             445 Details provided by the
PONZ                                               1251 Angolan Armed Forces
M - 75                                              606 (FFA)
PMN                                                 184
PMM - 1                                            6932
MON - 100                                           152
PMD - 6                                             154
PPMRS - 1                                           160
Signalizing Mines                                   227
OTK                                                 170
OZM - 4                                            3921
OZM - 72                                            186
MON - 50                                            167
GYATA                                               826
M - 90                                            42350
TOTAL                                             57731




1995 TO 2001

1995 TO 2001




Form H     Technical Characteristics of each type of anti personnel mine

Article 7.1 " each state will report to the general secretary on:

              h) The technical specifications of each type of anti personnel mine produced,
if possible, that belong to the signatory state, due to the fact that this type of information
can facilitate the identification and removal of anti personnel mines. At least, this
information most include the dimensions, the format, the explosive content, the metallic
content, coloured photos and other details that can facilitate mine action activities."

Signatory State: Angola            Report for the period of: March to June 2003.

1. Technical characteristics of each type of ant personnel mine produced

There has never been any kind of anti personnel mine production/ manufacturing in

1. Technical characteristics of each anti personnel mine produced



1.1 During the three last decades, land mines and UXO (unexploded ordnance) severely
    affected Angola. They are found indiscriminately spread in almost through out the
    country, including in the urban areas, villages, tracks, roads, agricultural zones,
    economic areas, etc., mutilating and killing innocent people every day and by this
    means representing the greatest impediment for the rehabilitation and development of
    the country.

1.2 Angola is one of the mine most affected countries, with a presence of an estimating
    number of 6 to 7 million mines still existing. Angola has the highest number of
    amputees in the world (over 80.000). the current statistic data on accidents caused by
    land mines and UXO, indicate that approximately 30% of victims loose their lives,
    70% get injured (a media of 50 accident per month).

1.3 79 types of different mines from 21 different countries were found or reported in
    Angola. The countries are as follows: Germany, former chekoslovakia, Hungary,
    Yugoslavia, Romania, former Soviet Union, Australia, Belgium, Spain, France, Italy,
    Portugal, United Kingdom, Sweden, Israel, South Africa, North - Korea, Vietnam,
    China, Cuba and USA, of which 11 were not confirmed by INAROEE and by the
    UN/SMAP, not withstanding, they had been reported as being found or seen in
    Angola by FAA, NGOs or other sources.

1.4 The following table represents the list of the 10 anti personnel mines and 5 anti
   tank mines frequently found in Angola:

AP MINES                                     COUNTRY
PPM - 2                                      Former Eastern Germany
PMD - 6                                      Former Soviet Union
PMN                                          Former Soviet Union
POMZ                                         Former Soviet Union
POMZ - 2 and POMZ - 2M                       Former Soviet Union
OZM - 4                                      Former Soviet Union
OZM - 72                                     Former Soviet Union
MAI - 75                                     Romania
GYATA - 64                                   Hungary
PN - 1 (PLASTIC MINES)                       Cuba
T - 72A                                      China
AT MINES                                     COUNTRY

TM - 46                                      Former Soviet Union
TM - 57                                      Former Soviet Union
TM - 62M                                     Former Soviet Union
T - 72                                       China
PT - MI - BA - III                           Former schekoslovakia

1. 4 the table below includes all type of mine and some shooting device/ anti survey
   found or reported in Angola until February 2000. Some mines except for those
   frequently mentioned in the list below could be found "confirmed" by other entities.
   In addition to that, the mines that are in the list, many were found improvised. Many
   of them were installed in connection to the shooting mechanism of South African
   manufacturing " toe Popper". It was equally found anti light device and
   electromagnetic manufactured in South Africa.

N. NAME              TYPE   FO      TYPE       OF COUNTRY                     CONFIR
                     MINE           ACTIVATION                                M.
1   MAI - 75         AP             PRESSURE      Romania                     Yes
2   NO - 4           AP             PRESSURE                Israel            Yes
3   T - 72A          AP             PRESSURE                China             Yes
4   PPM              AP             PRESSURE                Eastern           Yes
                     PRESSURE                               Germany
5   GYATA            AP             PRESSURE                Hungary           Yes
6   VS - MK - 2      AP             PRESSURE                Italy             Yes

7    VS - 50     AP          PRESSURE    Italy            No
8    R2M - 1     AP          PRESSURE    South Africa     Yes
9    R2M - 2     AP          PRESSURE    South Africa     Yes
10 R2M2          AP          PRESSURE    South Africa     Yes
   (variant)     PRESSURE
11 PMD - 6       AP          PRESSSURE   Former Soviet    Yes
                 PRESSURE                Union
12 PMN           AP          PRESSURE    Former Soviet    Yes
                 PRESSURE                Union
13 PMN - 2       AP          PRESSURE    Former Soviet    Yes
                 PRESSURE                Union
14 PP - MI - D   AP          PRESSURE    Former           Yes
                 PRESSURE                Chekoslovakia
15 M - 14        AP          PRESSURE    USA              No

16   DM - 11  AP             PRESSURE     Germany         Yes
              PRESSURE                    Occidental
17   PN - 1   AP             PRESSURE     Cuba            Yes
18   APP M57  AP             PRESSURE     North Korea     Yes
19   M409     AP             PRESSURE     Belgium         Yes
20   PRB M35  AP             PRESSURE     Belgium         Yes
21   PMA - 1  AP             PRESSURE     Yugoslavia      Yes
22   PMA - 2  AP             PRESSURE     Yugoslavia      Yes
23   MI AP DV AP             PRESSURE     France          Yes
     M59      PRESSURE
24   POMZ 2   AP FRAGM.      TRIPWIRE     Former Soviet   Yes
25   POMZ - 2M   AP FRAGM.   TRIPWIRE     Former Soviet   Yes
26   NOMZ - 2B AP FRAGM.     TRIPWIRE     Vietnam         Yes
27   T - 69    AP            TRIPWIRE     China           Yes
28   PP - MI - AP            TRIPWIRE     Former          Yes
     SR        BOUNDING                   Chekoslovaki

29   J     -   69 AP           TRIPWIRE   South Africa    Yes
     SA COPY
30   OZM - 3      AP           TRIPWIRE   Former Soviet   No
                  BOUNDING                Union
31   OZM - 4      AP           TRIPWIRE   Former Soviet   Yes
                  BOUNDING                Union
32   OZM - 72     AP           TRIPWIRE   Former Soviet   Yes
                  BOUNDING                Union
33   OZM - 160 AP              TRIPWIRE   Former Soviet   Yes
                  BOUNDING                Union
34   M/966 - B AP              TRIPWIRE   Portugal        No
     T2           BOUNDING
35   M         16 AP           TRIPWIRE   USA             No
36   PROM - 1     AP           TRIPWIRE   Yugoslavia      No
37   MK - 1       AP           TRIPWIRE   South Africa    Yes
38   MINI MS - AP              TRIPWIRE   South Africa    Yes
     803          DIR.FRAGM.
39   MINI         AP           TRIPWIRE   South Africa    Yes
40   SHRAPNE AP                TRIPWIRE   South Africa    No
     L        NOS DIR.FRAGM.
41   SHRAPNEL AP               TRIPWIRE   South Africa
42   MON - 50     AP           TRIPWIRE   Former Soviet   Yes
                  DIR.FRAGM               Union
43   MON - 100 AP              TRIPWIRE   Former Soviet   Yes
                  DIR.FRAGM.              Union
44   MON - 200 AP              TRIPWIRE   Former Soviet   Yes
                  DIR.FRAGM.              Union
45   FFV 013      AP           TRIPWIRE   Sweden          No

N.   NAME        TY    PR OF   TYPE       OF COUNTRY        CONFIR
                 MINE          ACTIVATION                   M.
46   M - 18A1    AP            TRIP WIRE     USA            Yes
47   APM - 1     AP            TRIP WIRE    Austria         Yes
48   APM - 2     AP            TRIP WIRE    Austria         Yes
49   T     -  72 AT            PRESSURE     China           Yes
     Plastic     PRESSURE
50   T-72        AT            PRESSURE     China           Yes
     Metallic    PRESSURE
51   PT- MI-BA AT              PRESSURE     Former          Yes
     II          PRESSURE                   Chekoslovaki
52   PT- MI-BA AT              PRESSURE     Former          Yes
     III       PRESSURE                     Chekoslovaki
53   PT -MI-D   AT             PRESSURE     Former          Yes
                PRESSURE                    Chekoslovaki
54   PT MI K    AT             PRESSURE     Former          Yes
                PRESSURE                    Chekoslovaki
55   FBM        AT             PRESSURE     South Africa    Yes
56   NO-8       AT             PRESSURE     South Africa    Yes
57   TM -46     AT             PRESSURE     Former    Soviet Yes
                PRESSURE                    Union
58   TM N-46    AT             PRESSURE     Former    Soviet Yes
                PRESSURE                    Union
59   TM - 57    AT             PRESSURE     Former    Soviet Yes
                PRESSURE                    Union
60   TM -62M    AT             PRESSURE     Former    Soviet Yes
                PRESSURE                    Union
61   TM -62P2   AT             PRESSURE     Former    Soviet Yes
                PRESSURE                    Union
62   TMD -B     AT             PRESSURE     Former    Soviet Yes
                PRESSURE                    Union
63   TMP -44    AT             PRESSURE     Former    Soviet Yes
                PRESSURE                    union
64   MK - 7     AT             PRESSURE     United          Yes

                PRESSURE                 Kingdom
65   M - 15     AT PRESSURE   PRESSURE   USA            NO
66   M - 19     AT            PRESSURE   USA            Yes
67   M7A2       AT            PRESSURE   USA            Yes
68   TMA -2     AT            PRESSURE   Yugoslavia     Yes
69   TMA -3     AT            PRESSURE   Yugoslavia     Yes
70   TMA -4     AT            PRESSURE   Yugoslavia     Yes
71   TMA - 5    AT            PRESSURE   Yugoslavia     Yes
72   C-3-A      AT            PRESSURE   Spain          Yes
73   MAT - 76   AT            PRESSURE   Romania        Yes
74   UKA-63     AT            PRESSURE   Hungary        Yes
75   AT -8      AT            PRESSURE   Cuba           Yes
76   TMK -2                   PRESSURE   Former Soviet Yes
77   UNITA      AT PRESSURE PRESSURE     South Africa  NO
78   SPM        HORIZ. MINE   PRESSURE   Former Soviet Yes
79   WPM        AT   HORIZ. TRIP WIRE    Local         Yes
                EFFECT                   Manufacture

1    "TOE       FIRING                   South Africa   Yes
2    MAGN.INF   FIRING                   South Africa   Yes
     L          DEVICE
3    LIGHT      FIRING                   South Africa   Yes
4    DEMI       ANTI-                    South Africa   NO
5    DEVA       ANTI-                    South Africa   NO

Form I         Adopted measures to inform the population (article 5,2)

Article 7.1           " each member state will report to the general secretary on;
                   i)     The measures taken for the effective and immediate spread of the
                          information to the population on all identified areas in paragraph 2
                          of article 5."

(According to article 5, paragraph 2; " each signatory state most do all that is possible to
identify the mined areas, or suspected of being mined which under its control, and ensure
that they have been marked, supervised and banned/enclosed in order to avoid the civil
from using the area until all mines are disposed. Marking most obey the defined criteria
in the protocol on prohibition and restriction of the use of mines and other ordnance, such
as emended on the 3rd of May 1996, annex to the convention on the prohibition and
restriction of the use of conventional armament extremely considered as dangerous or
with indiscriminate effects.")

Signatory state:       Angola       Report for the period of: March to June 2003.

The measures taken to inform the population on the danger caused by mines in the
identified areas and suspected of mines are dated in the year 1995. With NGOs initiative
in the chapter of population awareness against the threats caused by mines and their
devastating effect. With the establishment of INAROEE as a rector organ and coordinator
of the clearance/De-mining process, in 1996 the education program is institutionalized for
the prevention of accidents caused by mines and UXO commonly known as "PEPAM" as
primary activity in the whole clearance/De-mining process. PEPAM seeks above all, to
educate the population so that they can adopt a correct behavior if they encounter mine
and UXO danger, by these means reducing the accidents caused these ordinances. For
this effect the programs action incites in child and adult awareness in the communities
and at school in most part of the country's provinces (14/18 provinces).

PEPAM as institutional program proposes the exchange of experience and lessons
learned within different actors, (State institutions, national and foreign humanitarian
organizations). It is essential to ensure an efficient preparation and co-ordination of this
awareness action on mines, to enable the incorporation of lessons learned to the new
programs, and use them to improve the following programs.

Being PEPAM a community education program it is an encouraging process to the
population. Community involvement in awareness programs on mines has an extreme
relevance as it proposes its active participation and only this way it bring forth a genuine
change in the behavior of people, due to the fact that they will soon fill each day owners
of the process.


(PEPAM) the education program for the prevention of accidents caused by mine initiated
in 1995, by training experts, aiming to train agents for community awareness and

teachers in the scope of the PEPAM's thematic, and giving origin to the implementation
of the activities in the first (7) selected provinces, namely Lunda-Sul, Malange, Uige,
Moxico, Bie and Kuando-Kubango.

After efforts together with INAROEE and UNICEF with the support of the respective
provincial governors it was possible to spread the program for (5) more provinces, Hill,
Cunning, Bengal, Kansa Norse and Kansa Sul.

PEPAM aim at achieving the following objectives:
1. Reduce the accident incidents caused by mines and other explosive ordinances
   amongst the community.
2. Educate children and the respective families for a change of behavior regarding the
   danger they represent.

By this means the strategy summarizes on the following:
- Co-ordination of the awareness politics in the country, through identification and
   assessment of existing projects.
- Train the coordinators and agents of the community awareness programs for the
   prevention of accidents caused by mines.
- Educate the population in risk situations
- Liaison awareness programs to the Health entities, Education, Churches, NGO's,
   Cultural groups, etc.
- Data collection on mined sites or suspected of mines as well as accidents caused by
   mines, treat them through the existing system.
- Treatment and information distribution.
- Co-ordination with De-mining programs.
- Extension of the awareness national program through out the country and the
   establishment of mine comities at various levels.
- Promote the dissemination of PEPAM through massive diffusion means.


   During the five years 1998 to 2003 formative actions were executed and directed to
teachers and awareness agents, aiming at expanding the program's actions in the
communities and at schools.

   Agent training……………………….65
   Trained agents………………………1.430
   Reached provinces………………….13
   Teachers training…………………...59
   Capacitated teachers………………..3.195
   Reached schools……………………487
   Reached pupils……………………..132.460


An estimate number of 1.780.423 people participated in the awareness activities as scaled

YEAR               MEN                WOMEN            CHILDREN          TOTAL
1998               51.714             53.295           114.908           220.547
1999               121.129            98.012           307.643           526.784
200                56.440             58.116           94.981            209.537
2001               62.094             81.078           119.554           262.726
2002               101.259            161.505          235.942           498.706
JAN/MAR/03         18.285             22.316           24.522            65.123
TOTAL              410.421            474.912          897.550           1.780.423


ANO           1995     1996      1997     1998      1999       2000      2001     2002
ACCIDEN       15       5         17       153       564        470       338      167
VICTIMS       15       5         17       199       874        887       673      287


INAROEE is the main government agency accountable for the awareness activities
through its national co-ordination at regional and provincial level, in collaboration with
various national and international actors.

In concern to child protection UNICEF has been the main partner to INAROEE, having
initiated an assistance program for the reinforcement of the programs institutional
capacity since the beginning of PEPAM.

Handicap international France, currently undertakes a project through central and
northern regions in the country namely: Huambo, Bie, Benguela, Kuando-Kubango and
Bengo provinces.

The existing partnership between the Ministry of Education and INAROEE allowed for
the inclusion of the awareness activity on the danger caused by mines into the system
(curriculum) in the Junior School Teaching.

The national and international NGO's have been playing an important role in the support
of the population education program, in a complementing activity to the strategies and
government emergency program, with radio and television program transmitted in
national /local languages.

In the scope of PEPAM these are the following awareness NGO's:

G.A.C / (MINDE)                                             BIÉ
MINISTRY OF EDCATION                                        CUNENE
/ A.D.C
ASASP / MINDE                                               KUANZA-NORTE
MINDE / INAROEE                                             LUNDA-SUL
MAG / ENXAME DE ABELHA / MINDE                              MOXICO
SECULT / MINDE                                              UÍGE
CLUB DE JOVENS                                              HUÍLA


                   Signatory states can use this form to voluntarily provide information
on other relevant issues, including issues related to the accomplishment and
implementation which are not covered by the requisites of Article 7. Signatory states are
encouraged to report on executed activities concerning Article 6, in particular those
related to the assistance for the cares, the rehabilitation, and the social-economic
reintegration of mine victims.

Signatory State: Angola       Report for the period of : March to June / 2003

Despite the efforts by the government and its partners, there is still no acknowledgement
of the exact number of existing mine victims in Angola due to some determined
exogenous factors.

In order to improve the situation, the government and partners are creating the necessary
conditions to execute an exhaustive study on mine victims. The study will not limit itself
to the acknowledgement of the total number of existing mines, but will at least analyse
the social-economic context into which each victim is inserted, aiming at establishing the
acting strategies regarding this target group.

For this effect are involved in the study, the mine victims, and their families, the
community and institutions that act directly or indirectly in this process.

Currently, is being studied an instrument that will permit the execution of this activity.
 As a starting point, the work practice as well as some documentation in study, is a result
of the work executed by the government as well as by national and international partners,
which allowed identifying the following strong and weak points:

Strong points

a) - Existence of orthopedic centers;
b) - Existence of a national standard of prosthesis manufacturing technique;
c) - Existence of a Multi-sectoral coordinating group;
d) - Reform of the national legislation;
e) - Existence of a network to the organizations working in the area of physical
f) - Existence of the National Intersectional Commission for De-mining and
   Humanitarian Assistance;
g) - Ratification to the Ottawa Convention;
h) - Existence of international Donors.

Weak points

a)   - Limited available services;
b)   - Low service quality;
c)   - weak clarification between the main actors in the scope of the issue in question;
d)   - Insufficient record and analyses of the target group;
e)   - Delay in formulating sectoral policies and respective operational plans;
f)   - Weak involvement of the private sector;
g)   - National Governmental Organization's weak Institutional Capacity.

Regarding the target group the government challenged the legal juridical perspective to
ensure right of citizens namely: Health, Education, Job, Sport, Leisure, Social security,
Social assistance, Transport and Culture.

Based on the principles confirmed by the United Nations, which are: generality, equality
of opportunity, accessibility, rights, liaison activity, it was traced the great primary
strategic options to be known:

a) - Promote the institutional reform and implementation of the policy and protection to
   the physical disabled persons;
b) - Promote participation equality;

c)   - Promote participation;
d)   - Increase in the provision of prosthesis and orthosis;
e)   - Develop service quality;
f)   - Develop the quality and quantity of the qualified human resources;
g)   - Promote a greater collaboration in the private sector.

The program for assistance, rehabilitation and social economic reintegration of mine
victims in Angola, is being coordinated by the National Inter-sectoral Commission for
De-mining and Humanitarian Assistance - (CNIDAH) and implemented by the
government and its humanitarian and governmental partners.

This same program is divided into three fundamental areas as follows:

a) - Assistance to mime victims;
b) - Physical rehabilitation; and
c) - Social-economic reintegration.

In the scope of the assistance to mine victims, Angola plays the following role:

a) - Currently executes an awareness project denominated " Awake the Society " on the
   problematic regarding the physical disabled people;

b) - Contacts various public and private companies, aiming at applying the Decree-Act
   number 1/82 of 22/04/2002, where it prescribes that 2% of working posts should/most
   be reserved for the physical disabled ones, and in particular for mine victims;

c) Recruits and mobilizes mine victims for their participation and increases the
   professional Training Centers;

d) Acquisition and provision of substantial means to mine victims, movement and
   rewarding devices to facilitate the dislocation of mine victims and consequently their

e) It is being elaborated a project to evaluate the situation of victims who survived
   accidents caused by mines and UXO at national level.

In the scope of Social-economic reintegration, Angola play the following role:

a) - Currently executes professional training courses for mine victims and inserts them
   into the areas of production and employment;

b) - After the training activity, the beneficiaries receive kits corresponding to the
   training administered to them such as; Shoemakers, Electricians and in the other
   hand, professional kits for the creation of small production union;

c) - Construction of economical residences;

d) - Execute activities in the scope of the rehabilitation in the community;

e) the existence of an Agricultural and Poultry project that reaches mine victims and
   their families.

3. In the scope of the physical rehabilitation.

There are ten (10) physical rehabilitation centers in Angola. It was envisaged that all
centers in Angola (including those of other operators) use the same technology. In order
to develop the manufacture of prosthesis or orthosis for superior organs (still in course in
the three centers supported by CICV), advisement and technical visits are made with
other organizations (HIB, GTZ).

Manufacturing quality has increased for the better since the establishment of (CONBA).

It is being used in COKB and another should be imported next year for COBA.

During 2002 there were produced 147 tibia prosthesis, 23 femoral prosthesis, 738
clutches and 2 orthosis, 27 tibia prosthesis, 5 femoral prosthesis, 20 clutches and 7 wheel
chairs were repaired.

The physiotherapy section registered during 2000, 200 amputees to be evaluated, and
executed 2.554 rehabilitation treatments in-group and individually before and after the
usage of prosthesis or orthosis.

During 2002, apart from the amputees that received physiotherapeutic aids prosthesis and
clutches from the centre, the centre also gave hospitality to the amputees who benefited
from the professional training in the school of Art at Mbembwa.
During 2002, the centre gave hospitality to the following number of people: 238 men,
109 women, 62 families accompanied by men, 79 families accompanied by women.

The centre was built in late December 1999. The technical section was built in September
2000. The hospitality section was built in October 2001.

In the 2nd of October 2002 initiated the clutches manufacturing activities and the
manufacturing activities of prosthesis initiated in November 29th 2000.

Since the beginning of the activities in 2000 until the 31st of December 2002 there were
registered 473 amputees, of which 333 were men and 140 were women.
Relatively to he type of amputation it was registered 308 tibia amputation, 155 femoral
amputation, 4 partial leg amputation, 3 knee junction and 3 bi-amputees femoral/tibia.

Training kits were elaborated for prosthesis for the superior organs and the training began
at CONB for 11 workers (an orthopedic technician Cat II refused to participate in this

training). The idea of these sections of refreshment consists in fact in improving the
quality of the prosthesis to be manufactured, but also to train instructors in the sense of
identifying and prepare some national staff, capable of training other technicians
throughout the country.

The training program is delayed making it impossible to organize the orthosis and
prosthesis sections for the superior organs during this year.

Training packs for polio physiotherapy and for deformed foot were elaborated. The visits
made to the various orthopedic centers in Benguela province (that manufacture
orthopedic means for patients with deformed foot and with polio), was organized together
with the local physiotherapeutic doctors from Kuito and Huambo. The objective of this
visit is to share experiences with other organizations and adopt a common protocol to
treat the patients. After the visit, the training sections initiated; for Kuito
(5 physiotherapist) and for Huambo (5 physiotherapist).

The main cause for patient amputation in the three centers supported by CICV, is the high
number of AP mines in the country (80%).

Results of the Executed Activities / 2002.

 2002 was the more productive year in the program history. Reason for that was because
the VVAF were permitted to move 25km out of the security perimeter, to areas with
restricted access to beneficiaries during the past years. Trocaire a foreign NGO provided
funds bringing 94 beneficiaries from Dondo to the rehabilitation centre in Luena. PAM
transported beneficiaries from Lunda Sul and Norte by land in order to attend the

The numbers on production by trimester are found in the table bellow. 340 beneficiaries
received prosthetic organs, 8 beneficiaries received orthosis and 536 people received
clutches. Other 67 cases went to the workshop for repairs.

Apart from the numbers on production, the VVAF physiotherapy section treated 713
beneficiaries and executed almost 3400 treatment sections. VVAF continues to provide
funds for the local NGO, CAPDC. It previously provided psychological and sociological
support during and after physical rehabilitation. The physical rehabilitation includes
individual advisement and group advisement, assistance with Job or small business and
building houses for the situations with higher needs. CAPDC built three (3) houses in

Apart from the production of prosthesis, orthosis and physiotherapy sections for the
beneficiaries, VVAF has been the defender for the rights of the mutilated. Once again,
VVAF was actively involved in organizing the activities of 31 December related to the
international day for the mutilated. The activities included a parade at the city, a 100m
exhibition with people on issues related to clutches, a race of people on wheel chairs and

others. These activities were developed to increase the level of community knowledge on
the Angolan mutilated in a sport and entertainment atmosphere.



Place                        Unity
Benguela                     321
Lubango                      350


Place                        Unity
Benguela                     173
Lubango                      52


Place                        Manufactured Unities          Distributed Unities
Benguela                     1853                          1289
Lubango                      1402                          1280

Orthopedic shoes

             Place           Pairs
Benguela                     0
Lubango                      48

Prosthetic feet

Place                        Manufactured Unities          Distributed Unities
Viana                        4429                          5433


Shared By: