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Kings Cross Village Centre - City of Sydney

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					Kings Cross Village Centre



Kings Cross Village Centre

Introduction

The City of Sydney undertakes its comprehensive Floor Space and Employment
Census (FES) every five years to coincide with the Australian Bureau of Statistics’
Census of Population and Housing. The latest FES is the first to encompass those
areas amalgamated into the City of Sydney from the former South Sydney and
Leichhardt Councils.

The City of Sydney Floor Space and Employment Census collects data on all
businesses, floor space uses and employment numbers for every building or property
within the City of Sydney local government area. It provides a snapshot of the built
form, land uses and economic activity of the City every five years.

Overview

The City of Sydney’s Kings Cross Village
Centre is located in the north east sector of
the LGA, to the east of the central business
district, and includes the suburbs of Elizabeth
Bay, Potts Point, Woolloomooloo and parts
of Rushcutters Bay. It is bounded by the
harbour foreshore line to the north, the shore
of Rushcutters Bay and the Woollahra
Council LGA boundary to the east,
Bayswater Road and William Street to the
south and Sir John Crescent to the west.

The area is divided through the south west
sector by the CityRail train line and includes
Kings Cross train station. Other major
features of the area include Garden Island,
Woolloomooloo Finger Wharf, the Kings
Cross Entertainment Precinct, Beare Park and      Figure 1: Kings Cross Village Centre Location Map
Fitzroy Gardens.

According to the 2006 ABS Census of Population and Housing, there were 18,822
residents living in the Kings Cross Village Centre. This represents 11.4% of the total
City of Sydney resident population.

The Kings Cross resident population was housed in 12,423 private dwellings and 261
non-private dwellings. The majority of the private dwellings were located in multi-
storey apartment blocks (88.0%), whilst a further 8.7% of the dwellings were terraces
or townhouses. The remaining private dwellings are either separate houses (0.5%) or
dwellings above shops (2.8%). The private dwelling stock of the Kings Cross Village
Centre comprises 13.8% of the total housing stock of the City of Sydney, which is the
second largest proportion of dwellings within a Village Centre, after the Crown Street
Village Centre.


Floor Space and Employment Census Profile Report 2007                                             1
Kings Cross Village Centre



The Visitor Accommodation                        Key Totals for Kings Cross Village Centre, 2007
sector is serviced by 1,857                      Category                                     Total

hotel rooms and 1,603                            General
                                                    Number of Sites                           1,236
backpacker               beds,
                                                      Number of Buildings                     1,190
representing    10.3%      and
                                                      Business Establishments                  778
41.5% of the City’s total
                                                 Areas
respectively.                                        Total Site Area (m²)                   1,405,991
During the FES, there were                            Total Floor Area (m²)                 2,960,877
1,236 sites surveyed, of                              Internal Floor Area (m²)              2,249,145
which 1,190 were buildings                       Em ploym ent
and a further 29 were open                           Full-time Employment                     7,654
space. Some 916 (77%) of                              Part-time Employment                    1,966
these buildings contained at                          Total Employment                        9,620
least one residential dwelling.                  Residential
                                                     Number of Dw ellings                    12,684
The total internal floor area
                                                      Buildings w ith Dw ellings               916
of the Kings Cross Village
                                                      Population                             18,822
Centre was 2.250 million
                                                 Parking
square metres, of which                              Public Parking Spaces                    1,447
59.4% was devoted to private                          Tenant Parking Spaces                   8,460
households,      30.6%       to                       Total Parking Spaces                    9,907
business space, and 10% to                       Visitor Accom m odation
other uses.                                           Hotel Accommodation                     1,857
                                                      Serviced Apartments                      234
The total employment of the                           Backpackers Accommodation      1,603
Kings Cross Village Centre
was 9,620, comprising 7,654 Table 1: Key Totals for Kings Cross Village Centre, 2007
full-time workers and 1,966
part-time workers. Nearly 2.5% of the City’s workforce is located in the Kings Cross
Village Centre, spread across the 778 businesses that were surveyed in this area.

The 3D image below indicates the major uses of buildings throughout the Kings Cross
Village Centre, the most significant of which are Residential, Commercial and Visitor
Accommodation.




Figure 2: Major Uses, Kings Cross Village Centre - 3D Image

Floor Space and Employment Census Profile Report 2007                                                   2
Kings Cross Village Centre



Industry Classification

Within the FES database every business is classified according to its main “industry
of establishment”, using an amended version of the 1993 Australian and New Zealand
Standard Industrial Classification Code (ANZSIC). This allows for more detailed
categorisation of business uses. These codes have been re-categorised into a “City-
Based Industry” Classification based on the method used by the City of Greater
London. This classification better reflects the mix of uses within the business
community of city centres such as the City of Sydney. There are nineteen “business”
related industry divisions, and a further five “non-business” related industry divisions
within the City-Based Industry Classification.

Overview of City-Based Industry, Kings Cross Village Centre, 2007
                                                   % of Total                     % of Total   Business Floor   % of Business
City-Based Industry                  Employment                     Businesses
                                                  Employment                     Businesses        Area          Floor Area
Community                               316          3.3%               10          1.3%          20,564            3.0%
Creative Industries                     828          8.6%               51          6.6%          26,911            3.9%
Finance and Financial Services          365          3.8%               40          5.1%           7,392            1.1%
Food and Drink                         1,242        12.9%              159         20.4%          26,513            3.9%
Government                             2,249        23.4%               39          5.0%          188,710          27.4%
Health                                  637          6.6%               21          2.7%          26,543            3.9%
Higher Education and Research            0           0.0%               0           0.0%             0              0.0%
ICT                                     174          1.8%               22          2.8%           2,929            0.4%
Life Science (Bio-tech)                 253          2.6%               10          1.3%           6,102            0.9%
Manufacturing                            2           0.0%               1           0.1%          33,947            4.9%
Motor Vehicle                           206          2.1%               16          2.1%          24,316            3.5%
Natural Resource-Based Industries        0           0.0%               0           0.0%             0              0.0%
Other                                    75          0.8%               0           0.0%             0              0.0%
Professional and Business Services      814          8.5%               89         11.4%          21,396            3.1%
Property Development and Operation      346          3.6%               21          2.7%           8,698            1.3%
Retail and Personal Services            446          4.6%              125         16.1%          17,573            2.6%
Social Capital                          190          2.0%               26          3.3%          18,808            2.7%
Tourist, Cultural and Leisure          1,216        12.6%              115         14.8%          228,357          33.2%
Transport and Logistics                 261          2.7%               25          3.2%          28,675            4.2%
Utilities                                0           0.0%               8           1.0%            632             0.1%
Total                                  9,620        100.0%             778        100.0%          688,065          100.0%
Table 2: Overview of City-Based Industry, Kings Cross Village Centre, 2007


Table 3 shows the number and proportional mix of businesses within the Kings Cross
Village Centre, and compares them to the total number of businesses by category for
the City of Sydney local government area. Also included is the total business
numbers for the area outside of the CBD North and Haymarket Village Centres. These
two hubs, it can be argued, have a significantly different economic structure to the
other eight Village Centres, which have a greater mix of land uses and a higher
proportion of residential properties.




Floor Space and Employment Census Profile Report 2007                                                                           3
Kings Cross Village Centre



Business Mix By City-Based Industry, Kings Cross Village Centre and City of Sydney LGA, 2007
                                      Kings Cross      % of Total                                       % of City of           Non CBD-              % of Non CBD-
City-Based Industry                                                        City of Sydney
                                     Village Centre   Businesses                                         Sydney                Haymarket              Haymarket
Community                                 10             1.3%                       211                    4.7%                     184                     5.4%
Creative Industries                       51             6.6%                      1,555                   3.3%                    1,030                    5.0%
Finance and Financial Services            40             5.1%                      1,650                   2.4%                     209                     19.1%
Food and Drink                            159           20.4%                      2,741                   5.8%                    1,389                    11.4%
Government                                39             5.0%                       363                   10.7%                     163                     23.9%
Health                                    21             2.7%                       795                    2.6%                     266                     7.9%
Higher Education and Research              0             0.0%                       538                    0.0%                     271                     0.0%
ICT                                       22             2.8%                       960                    2.3%                     432                      5.1%
Life Science (Bio-tech)                   10             1.3%                       206                    4.9%                      93                     10.8%
Manufacturing                              1             0.1%                       403                    0.2%                     318                      0.3%
Motor Vehicle                             16             2.1%                       237                    6.8%                     235                      6.8%
Natural Resource-Based Industries          0             0.0%                        91                    0.0%                       4                      0.0%
Professional and Business Services        89            11.4%                      3,020                   2.9%                     853                     10.4%
Property Development and Operation        21             2.7%                       607                    3.5%                     263                      8.0%
Retail and Personal Services              125           16.1%                      3,344                   3.7%                    1,382                     9.0%
Social Capital                            26             3.3%                       499                    5.2%                     297                      8.8%
Tourist, Cultural and Leisure             115           14.8%                      1,211                   9.5%                     569                     20.2%
Transport and Logistics                   25             3.2%                      1,173                   2.1%                     807                      3.1%
Utilities                                  8             1.0%                       142                    5.6%                     110                      7.3%
Total                                     778          100.0%                      19,746                  3.9%                    8,875                     8.8%
Table 2: Business Mix by City-Based Industry, Kings Cross Village Centre and City of Sydney LGA, 2007


There are two industries which are not represented within the Kings Cross Village
Centre area, being Higher Education and Research and Natural Resource-Based
Industries. The total number of businesses in the area accounts for 3.9% of total
businesses within the LGA, which is the fourth smallest number of businesses within
a Village Centre (Glebe Point Road, Harris Street and King Street are smaller).

Figure 3 represents the top 5
                                                       Kings Cross Village Centre
industry divisions by the                                               Percentage of Establishments by City-Based Industry Division - Top 5


number       of      business
establishments. The Food                                                                                                           Food and Drink,
                                                                                                                                       20.4%
and Drink industry has the                                        Other, 30.7%

greatest number of business
establishments (20.4% of all
businesses), followed by
Retail and Personal Services                                                                                                                         Retail and Personal
                                                                                                                                                      Services, 16.1%

(16.1%) and Tourist, Cultural
and      Leisure     (14.8%).                               Creative Industries,
                                                                   6.6%

Professional and Business
                                                                                    Professional and
Services     and     Creative                                                      Business Services,
                                                                                                                       Tourist, Cultural and
                                                                                                                         Leisure, 14.8%
                                                                                         11.4%
Industries account for 11.4%
and 6.6% respectively of all
businesses within the area. Figure 3: Percentage of Establishments by City-Based Industry Division - Top 5
Fourteen other industries
make up the remaining 30.7% of businesses across the Village Centre.

Figure 4 is represented spatially in the following 3D image, highlighting the
distribution of the top 5 industry divisions throughout the Village Centre. The image
also highlights the remaining twelve industries (Other) and the areas that are non-
business related, such as Residential, Vacant and Redevelopment.




Floor Space and Employment Census Profile Report 2007                                                                                                                      4
Kings Cross Village Centre




Figure 4: Top Five City-Based Industries, Kings Cross Village Centre - 3D Image


Employment in the Kings Cross Village Centre is shown in the table below. As
indicated, the hub contains only 2.5% of the total LGA employment, which is the
second smallest hub workforce in the City of Sydney. It is ranked only above Glebe
Point Road Village Centre which has 1.9% of the total workforce.

Employment Mix By City-Based Industry, Kings Cross Village Centre and City of Sydney LGA, 2007
                                      Kings Cross      % of Total                    % of City of   Non CBD-    % of Non CBD-
City-Based Industry                                                 City of Sydney
                                     Village Centre   Employment                      Sydney        Haymarket    Haymarket
Community                                 316            3.3%           6,163           5.1%          4,318         7.3%
Creative Industries                       828            8.6%          28,700           2.9%         15,811         5.2%
Finance and Financial Services            365            3.8%          89,948           0.4%          3,269        11.2%
Food and Drink                           1,242          12.9%          21,199           5.9%          8,957        13.9%
Government                               2,249          23.4%          31,947           7.0%          9,589        23.5%
Health                                    637            6.6%          10,348           6.2%          6,399        10.0%
Higher Education and Research              0             0.0%          19,564           0.0%         14,931         0.0%
ICT                                       174            1.8%          24,894           0.7%          6,781         2.6%
Life Science (Bio-tech)                   253            2.6%           2,492          10.2%          1,313        19.3%
Manufacturing                              2             0.0%           7,309           0.0%          5,034         0.0%
Motor Vehicle                             206            2.1%           2,289           9.0%          2,286         9.0%
Natural Resource-Based Industries          0             0.0%           1,195           0.0%           19           0.0%
Other                                     75             0.8%            985            0.0%           457          0.0%
Professional and Business Services        814            8.5%          57,263           1.4%         11,146         7.3%
Property Development and Operation        346            3.6%           8,587           4.0%          2,278        15.2%
Retail and Personal Services              446            4.6%          19,847           2.2%          6,772         6.6%
Social Capital                            190            2.0%           7,688           2.5%          3,045         6.2%
Tourist, Cultural and Leisure            1,216          12.6%          23,961           5.1%          9,319        13.0%
Transport and Logistics                   261            2.7%          17,414           1.5%          9,894         2.6%
Utilities                                  0             0.0%           3,620           0.0%           240          0.0%
Total                                    9,620         100.0%          385,413          2.5%         121,858        7.9%
Table 4: Employment Mix by City-Based Industry, Kings Cross Village Centre and City of Sydney LGA, 2007


Nearly one-quarter of the total employment within the Kings Cross Village Centre is
associated with the Government industry, however, this figure only represents 7.0% of
all Government industry employees across the City of Sydney. On the other hand, the
Life Science (Bio-tech) industry accounts for only 2.6% of the employment within the
Village Centre, but this proportion represents 10.2% of the City’s total employment
within the same industry.



Floor Space and Employment Census Profile Report 2007                                                                           5
Kings Cross Village Centre



Industries that are under-represented in the King Street Village Centre include Higher
Education and Research (0%), Natural Resource-Based Industries (0%), Utilities
(0%), and Manufacturing (0%).

Figure 5 represents the top 5                         Kings Cross Village Centre
                                                       Percentage of Employment by City-Based Industry Division - Top 5
industry divisions by the
number of employees. The
Government industry has the                                                                              Government,
                                                                                                           23.4%
greatest number of employees                        Other, 34.0%
with nearly one-quarter of total
employees in the Kings Cross
Village Centre. The Food and
Drink (12.9%) and Tourist,                                                                                              Food and Drink,
                                                                                                                            12.9%

Cultural and Leisure (12.6%)
industries are ranked second                        Professional and
                                                   Business Services,
and      third     respectively.                         8.5%
                                                                        Creative Industries,
                                                                                                Tourist, Cultural and
                                                                                                  Leisure, 12.6%
                                                                               8.6%
Creative Industries accounts
for 8.6% of the total workforce
in the Village Centre, with Figure 5: Percentage of Employment by City-Based Industry Division - Top 5
Professional and Business
Services accounting for 8.5%. More than one-third (34%) of the total employment is
made up of the remaining fourteen industries.

The spread of employment throughout the Kings Cross Village Centre is
demonstrated in the following map.




Floor Space and Employment Census Profile Report 2007                                                                                     6
Kings Cross Village Centre




         Figure 6: Employment by Block, Kings Cross Street Village Centre, 2007


Figure 6 highlights the locations within the hub that have larger densities of
employment compared to others. The greatest number of employees within the hub is
located within the block containing the Bayview Boulevard Hotel and Westfield
Towers (1,321 employees). The second and third largest concentrations of employees
are located within the blocks containing Garden Island, used by the Royal Australian
Navy and Thales (1,241 and 808 employees). The block containing 724 employees to
the south east contains St Luke’s Hospital, the NSW Police Station.

This map also highlights the mixed nature of land uses within the Village Centre, with
only ten blocks containing no employees.




Floor Space and Employment Census Profile Report 2007                               7
Kings Cross Village Centre



Internal Floor Area By City-Based Industry, Kings Cross Village Centre and City of Sydney LGA, 2007
                                      Kings Cross     % of Business                              % of City of        Non CBD-    % of Non CBD-
City-Based Industry                                                             City of Sydney
                                     Village Centre    Floor Area                                 Sydney             Haymarket    Haymarket
Community                               20,564            3.0%                       414,350        5.0%              324,492           6.3%
Creative Industries                     26,911            3.9%                      1,105,572       2.4%              726,331           3.7%
Finance and Financial Services           7,392            1.1%                      1,641,406       0.5%               94,349           7.8%
Food and Drink                          26,513            3.9%                       564,916        4.7%              318,086           8.3%
Government                             188,710            27.4%                     1,013,521      18.6%              442,466          42.6%
Health                                  26,543            3.9%                       547,907        4.8%              434,298           6.1%
Higher Education and Research              0              0.0%                      1,052,033       0.0%              792,578           0.0%
ICT                                      2,929            0.4%                       787,883        0.4%              388,259           0.8%
Life Science (Bio-tech)                  6,102            0.9%                       83,191         7.3%               60,749           10.0%
Manufacturing                           33,947            4.9%                       557,705        6.1%              504,065           6.7%
Motor Vehicle                           24,316            3.5%                       248,824        9.8%              248,704           9.8%
Natural Resource-Based Industries          0              0.0%                       31,517         0.0%                1,406           0.0%
Professional and Business Services      21,396            3.1%                      1,399,923       1.5%           370146.8178          5.8%
Property Development and Operation       8,698            1.3%                       244,070        3.6%              115,206           7.5%
Retail and Personal Services            17,573            2.6%                       909,171        1.9%              501,248           3.5%
Social Capital                          18,808            2.7%                       398,391        4.7%              215,107           8.7%
Tourist, Cultural and Leisure          228,357            33.2%                     2,788,164       8.2%             1,184,027          19.3%
Transport and Logistics                 28,675            4.2%                      2,020,585       1.4%             1,204,387          2.4%
Utilities                                 632             0.1%                       194,832        0.3%               83,722           0.8%
Total                                  688,065           100.0%                     16,003,962      4.3%             8,009,629          8.6%


Private Households                     1,335,468          59.4%                     10,641,287     12.5%             9,336,560          14.3%
Non-Private Households                  12,014            0.5%                       167,641        7.2%              162,845           7.4%
Other                                  123,790             5.5%                     4,869,891       2.5%             1,764,212          7.0%
Redevelopment                           47,318             2.1%                      700,115        6.8%              321,317           14.7%
Vacant                                  42,489             1.9%                     1,821,085       2.3%             1,185,118          3.6%
Total Businesses Floor Area            688,065            30.6%                     16,003,962      4.3%             8,009,629          8.6%
Total Floor Area                       2,249,145         100.0%                     34,203,981      6.6%            20,779,680          10.8%
Table 5: Internal Floor Area by City-Based Industry, Kings Cross Village Centre and City of Sydney LGA, 2007


Figure 7 represents the top 5
                                                               Kings Cross Village Centre
industry divisions by the total             Percentage of Internal Floor Space by City-Based Industry Division - Top 5

internal floor area. The
Tourist, Cultural and Leisure
                                                                           Other, 26.4%
industry has the greatest area
of floor space (33.2%), which                                                                                                    Tourist, Cultural and

can largely be attributed to                                                                                                       Leisure, 33.2%


the        Kings         Cross
Entertainment Precinct and its                           Creative Industries,
surrounding accommodation.                                      3.9%

                                                         Transport and Logistics,
The Government industry has                                       4.2%

the second largest area of                                                Manufacturing,
                                                                              4.9%

internal      floor      space                                                                              Government, 27.4%

accounting for 27.4% of the
total area for the Village
Centre, with the Garden Figure 7: Percentage of Internal Floor Space by City-Based Division - Top 5
Island area being the greatest
contributor to this proportion of floor space.

The Manufacturing industry has the third largest proportion of floor area (4.9%)
within the Village Centre, followed by Transport and Logistics (4.2%) and Creative
Industries (3.9%).

As indicated in Table 5 above, the Tourist, Cultural and Leisure industry contains
nearly one-third of the total internal floor area for the Kings Cross Village Centre, but
represents only 8.2% of the total floor area for the same industry across the LGA.

Floor Space and Employment Census Profile Report 2007                                                                                                    8
Kings Cross Village Centre



Non-business related floor area within the Kings Cross Street Village Centre is
substantial, with nearly 70% of floor area being associated with residential uses,
redevelopment, vacant floor area or other non-industry related uses. Residential uses
alone account for 59.4% of the total floor area within the Village Centre, despite
having only a small number of blocks containing no employees.




   Figure 8: Internal Floor Area by Block, Kings Cross Village Centre, 2007

Figure 8 indicates the spread of floor area throughout the Village Centre. As
expected, the blocks with the greatest area of floor space are those containing Garden
Island in the north, St Vincent’s College in the centre and high rise apartment blocks
such as Hampton Court, the Crescent Apartments and the Millennium Hotel above the
Coca Cola sign in the south. Within the block to the south east lies St Luke’s Hospital,
the NSW Police Station, serviced apartments and backpacker hostels and various high
rise apartments.
Floor Space and Employment Census Profile Report 2007                                 9
Kings Cross Village Centre



Space Use

The FES data classifies all floor area within the LGA according to the way in which
the space is used. Each space use is assigned a code, which is then categorised
according to fourteen different space use divisions. Space use codes are also used to
record employment, seating capacities, dwelling and room numbers and parking
spaces.
Table 6 indicates the internal floor area by space use division within the Kings Cross
Village Centre. Residential space uses account for nearly 50% of all space use within
the hub, compared to 26.2% of Residential space use throughout the LGA. Parking
space uses accounts for 12.9% followed by Common Area space uses which account
for 9.1% and Office space uses which account for 8.7% of the total hub floor area.
Internal Floor Area by Space Use Division, Kings Cross Village Centre and City of Sydney, 2007
                                    Kings Cross            % of Space Use
Space Use Division                                                                  City of Sydney       % of City of Sydney
                                    Village Centre           Floor Area
Office                                 196,550                   8.7%                  7,522,177                     22.0%
Shop/Show room                          27,726                   1.2%                   922,171                      2.7%
Residential                           1,115,417                 49.6%                  8,977,967                     26.2%
Storage                                 38,529                   1.7%                  1,907,223                     5.6%
Industrial                              58,430                   2.6%                  1,157,790                     3.4%
Visitor Accommodation                  112,578                   5.0%                  1,161,338                     3.4%
Entertainment/Leisure                   34,938                   1.6%                   778,641                      2.3%
Restaurant/Eating                       34,803                   1.5%                   624,666                      1.8%
Community                               17,422                   0.8%                   606,024                      1.8%
Utilities                                 7,567                  0.3%                   382,080                      1.1%
Parking                                289,934                  12.9%                  4,263,998                     12.5%
Transport                                 3,739                  0.2%                   275,727                      0.8%
Common Area                            205,432                   9.1%                  4,355,104                     12.7%
Other                                  106,078                   4.7%                  1,269,078                     3.7%
Total                                  2,249,145                100.0%               34,203,981             100.0%
Table 6: Internal Floor Area by Space Use Division, Kings Cross Village Centre and City of Sydney LGA, 2007



                                           Percentage Comparison of Space Use
                                    Kings Cross Village Centre and City of Sydney LGA, 2007


                  Office

        Shop/Show room

              Residential

                 Storage

                Industrial

  Visitor Accommodation

   Entertainment/Leisure

       Restaurant/Eating

              Community

                  Utilities

                 Parking

               Transport

            Common Area                                                                       Kings Cross Village Centre
                                                                                              City of Sydney
                   Other

                          0%   5%   10%           15%    20%       25%       30%        35%       40%          45%      50%




Figure 9: Percentage Comparison of Space Use, Kings Cross Village Centre and City of Sydney, 2007



Floor Space and Employment Census Profile Report 2007                                                                         10
Kings Cross Village Centre



Figure 9 compares the percentage of internal floor area by space use division between
the Kings Cross Village Centre and the whole of the City of Sydney. There are four
space use divisions which have a greater percentage of internal floor area than the
same divisions for the City of Sydney. These are: Residential, Visitor
Accommodation, Parking and Other.

Table 7 indicates the distribution of employment across the ten key space use
divisions containing employment within the Kings Cross Village Centre. Nearly 69%
of employment is located within Office space uses, which is less than the distribution
of employment across the whole LGA. The Restaurant/Eating division has the
greatest difference in employment between Kings Cross Village Centre and the City
of Sydney, with 15.8% of employees working in Restaurant/Eating space uses in
Kings Cross, compared to 5.8% throughout the LGA.
Employment Mix by Space Use Division, Kings Cross Village Centre and City of Sydney, 2007
                                    Kings Cross         % of Space Use
Space Use Division                                                              City of Sydney         % of City of Sydney
                                    Village Centre       Employment
Office                                     6,603              68.8%                318,980                   82.8%
Shop/Show room                             645                 6.7%                 20,879                    5.4%
Storage                                     84                 0.9%                  4,802                    1.2%
Industrial                                 224                 2.3%                  8,503                    2.2%
Visitor Accommodation                        6                 0.1%                   208                     0.1%
Entertainment/Leisure                      202                 2.1%                  4,484                    1.2%
Restaurant/Eating                          1,515              15.8%                 22,400                    5.8%
Community                                  310                 3.2%                  3,825                    1.0%
Utilities                                    0                 0.0%                   831                     0.2%
Transport                                    6                 0.1%                   298                     0.1%
Total                                 9,595                 100.0%                 385,210                   100.0%
Table 7: Employment Mix by Space Use Division, Kings Cross Village Centre and City of Sydney, 2007 1


The space use codes that record capacities are most relevant to the Restaurant/Eating
and the Entertainment/Leisure divisions. In the Kings Cross Village Centre, the FES
counted 3,926 restaurant seats, 955 café seats and a further 1,712 outdoor or pavement
seats for dining. There was capacity for 2,922 patrons in the area’s hotels and bars.
The Kings Cross Village Centre provides nearly 10% of the total number of hotel
rooms across the LGA, having the third largest number of rooms in a Village Centre
after the CBD and Haymarket. The Kings Cross Village Centre also provides the
greatest number of beds in Backpacker Accommodation, with 41.5% of the City’s
total number of Backpacker Accommodation beds.

Parking spaces within the Kings Cross Village Centre were comprised of 1,447 public
parking spaces and 8,460 tenant parking spaces, providing a total of 9,907 parking
spaces.




1
    Not all Space Use Divisions included

Floor Space and Employment Census Profile Report 2007                                                                   11
Kings Cross Village Centre



Workspace Ratios

Workspace ratios are an indication of the average number of square metres within
which employees work for a particular industry. The ratio is determined by dividing
the internal floor area of a City-Based Industry division by the total number of
employees recorded for that industry. Ratios can also be determined using the Space
Use divisions, Office space uses and Occupied Office space uses, where the floor area
is divided by total employees. The ratios for each category are used for projecting the
anticipated population of new developments.

Table 8 below indicates the workspace ratios for the city-based industries located
within the Kings Cross Village Centre and compares them to the same ratios for the
City of Sydney.

Workspace Ratio by City-Based Industry, Kings Cross Village Centre, 2007
                                                                                          Kings Cross        City of Sydney
City-Based Industry                         Internal Floor Area   Total Employment
                                                                                      Workspace Ratio (m²) Workspace Ratio (m²)
Community                                        20,564                 316                   65.1                 67.2
Creative Industries                              26,911                 828                   32.5                 38.5
Finance and Financial Services                    7,392                 365                   20.3                 18.2
Food and Drink                                   26,513                1,242                  21.3                 26.6
Government                                       188,710               2,249                  83.9                 31.7
Health                                           26,543                 637                   41.7                 52.9
Higher Education and Research                       0                    0                    Na                   53.8
ICT                                               2,929                 174                   16.8                 31.6
Life Science (Bio-tech)                           6,102                 253                   24.1                 33.4
Manufacturing                                    33,947                  2                  16973.7                76.3
Motor Vehicle                                    24,316                 206                  118.0                108.7
Natural Resource-Based Industries                   0                    0                    Na                   26.4
Professional and Business Services               21,396                 814                   26.3                 24.4
Property Development and Operation                8,698                 346                   25.1                 28.4
Retail and Personal Services                     17,573                 446                   39.4                 45.8
Social Capital                                   18,808                 190                   99.0                 51.8
Tourist, Cultural and Leisure                    228,357               1,216                 187.8                116.4
Transport and Logistics                          28,675                 261                  109.9                116.0
Utilities                                          632                   0                    Na                   53.8
Total                                            688,065               9,545                  72.1                 41.5
Table 8: Workspace Ratio by City-Based Industry, Kings Cross Village Centre, 2007 2

Almost half of the workspace ratios for the Kings Cross Village Centre are quite low
when compared to the City of Sydney, with nine of the nineteen industries within the
Kings Cross Village Centre having smaller ratios than those across the whole LGA.
Social Capital, Manufacturing, Government, Tourist, Cultural and Leisure workspace
ratios are significantly higher than the City of Sydney Ratios.




2
    Data in ‘Other’ category not included

Floor Space and Employment Census Profile Report 2007                                                                       12
Kings Cross Village Centre



Workspace Ratio by Space Use Division, Kings Cross Village Centre, 2007
                                                                                         Kings Cross        City of Sydney
Space Use Division                         Internal Floor Area   Total Employment
                                                                                     Workspace Ratio (m²) Workspace Ratio (m²)
Office                                          196,550               6,603                  29.8                 23.6
Shop/Show room                                  27,726                 645                   43.0                 44.2
Storage                                         38,529                 84                   458.7                397.2
Industrial                                      58,430                 224                  260.9                136.2
Visitor Accommodation                           112,578                 6                  18,763.0             5,583.4
Entertainment/Leisure                           34,938                 202                  173.0                173.6
Restaurant/Eating                               34,803                1,515                  23.0                 27.9
Community                                       17,422                 310                   56.2                158.4
Utilities                                        7,567                  0                    Na                  459.8
Transport                                        3,739                  6                   623.2                925.3
Total                                           532,283               9,595                  55.5                 39.8
Table 9: Workspace Ratio by Space Use Division, Kings Cross Village Centre, 2007 3

Similarly, half of the workspace ratios for the Space Use Divisions are also quite high
when compared to the whole LGA (most notably the highest being Visitor
Accommodation). The Community sector has a significantly low ratio at around one
third of the total LGA for that use. The Office workspace ratio is the lowest in the
Kings Cross Village Centre, although it is 6.2m² larger than the same ratio for the City
of Sydney.

Workspace Ratio by Office Space Use, Kings Cross Village Centre, 2007
                                                                                         Kings Cross        City of Sydney
Office Space Use                           Internal Floor Area   Total Employment
                                                                                     Workspace Ratio (m²) Workspace Ratio (m²)
Partitioned Office                              16,269                 998                   16.3                 15.8
Open Plan Office                                112,900               5,110                  22.1                 13.1
Total                                           129,169               6,108                  21.1                 13.7
Table 10: Workspace Ratio by Office Space Use, Kings Cross Village Centre, 2007

The Office space use division includes space uses such as meeting rooms and
photocopy/fax areas, however these spaces do not typically have employees located
within them. Table 10 identifies the workspace ratios for the two most common office
space uses where employees are located, which are Partitioned Office and Open Plan
Office. This ratio is more accurate for determining the average area of office space
each employee is working in.

Although the Partitioned Office workspace ratio of 16.3m² for the Kings Cross
Village Centre is similar to that for the whole City of Sydney (15.8m²), the Open Plan
Office workspace ratio is substantially different and almost double that for the City of
Sydney. Partitioned Office space uses make up 12.6% of all Office uses containing
employees in Kings Cross, whilst Open Plan Office space uses occupy 87.4%.

Conclusion

Although the Kings Cross Village Centre area is characterised by a mix of land uses,
it is residential land uses that dominate the mix with private households accounting
for 60% of all internal floor space within the hub area. The hub has the second largest
proportion of residential floor area after Glebe Point Road and the second smallest
workforce of all the Village Centres throughout the LGA.

The presence of Garden Island, occupied by the Royal Australian Navy, ensures that
the Government industry is within the top five industries for both employment and
3
    Not all Space Use Divisions included

Floor Space and Employment Census Profile Report 2007                                                                      13
Kings Cross Village Centre



internal floor area. Comparatively, although this proportion of employees is the
largest for the hub area, it is only the fifth highest proportion of Government
employees across the LGA.

The established nature of the Kings Cross Village Centre is evident with the low
proportions of redevelopment and vacant floor space (2.1% and 1.9% respectively).

Many of the sites within the hub are specialised and are the key attractors for the area,
such as Garden Island and the Kings Cross Entertainment Precinct. The mix of these
sites and land uses, together with a high residential population contributes to the
vibrant atmosphere of the Village Centre.




Floor Space and Employment Census Profile Report 2007                                 14

				
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