Exercises of Book Two
A. Multiple-choice questions:
(Each of the statements below is followed by four alternative
answers. Choose the one that would best complete the statement
and put the letter in the brackets.)
1. The Romantic Movement expressed a more or less _______
attitude toward the existing social and political conditions.
A. positive B. negative C. neutral D. indifferent
2. It is ______ who established the cult of the individual and
championed the freedom of the human spirit.
A. Jean Jacques Rousseau B. Johann Wolfgang yon Goethe
C. Edmund Burke D. Thomas Paine
3. In Marriage of Heaven and Hell (1790), the word "marriage", to
Blake, means the __________.
A. subordination of the one to the other B. co-existence of the
C. reconciliation of the contraries D. fighting of the conflicting
4. Blake began writing poetry at the age of 12, and his first printed
work is _________, which is a collection of youthful verse.
A. Songs of Experience B. Songs of Innocence
C. Marriage of Hayden and Hell D. Poetical Sketches
5. In his poem, "The Chimney Sweeper" (from Songs of Experience), Blake
depicted the miseries of the child sweepers in order to reveal the ________
A. great ideals B. false ideals C. magic power D. true faith
6. For William Blake, the father (and any other in whom he saw the image
of the father such as God, priest, and king) was usually a figure of
A. benevolence B. admiration C. love D. oppression
7. Adonis is an elegy for ________ whose early death from tuberculosis
Shelley believed had been hastened by hostile reviews.
A. Byron B. Keats C. Tennyson D. oppression
8. "You and the girls may go, or you may send them by themselves, which
perhaps will be still better, for as you are as handsome as any of them, Mr.
Bingley might like you the best of the party." What figure of speech is used
in the underlined part?
A. paradox B. simile C. irony D. antithesis
9. According to the subjects, Wordsworth's short poems can be classified
into two groups: poems about _______ and poems about ________ .
A. society, universe B. nature, society
C. nature, human life D. human life, universe
10. In the poem, "She Dwelt Among the Untrodden Ways," Wordsworth
writes: "A violet by a mossy stone / Half hidden from the eyes!" The figure
of speech used in the two lines is ____.
A. metaphor B. personification C. simile D. metonymy
11. The _______ are generally regarded as Keats's most important
and mature works.
A. odes B. lyrics C. epics D. elegy
12. Generally speaking, ________ was a writer of the 18th century,
though she lived mainly in the 19th century.
A．Mary Shelley B. George Eliot C. Jane Austen D. Ann Radcliff
13. Shelley’s _____ and The Cenci, Byron's ______ , and
Coleridge's Remorse are generally regarded as the best verse plays
in the Romantic period.
A. Prometheus Unbound, Cain B. Cain, Manfred
C. Prometheus Unbound, Manfred D. Waverley, Cain
14. Among Coleridge's group of poems, Frost at Midnight is the
most important _________.
A. conversational B. Romantic C. demonic D. lyrical
15. After reading the first chapter of Pride and Prejudice, we come
to know that Mrs. Bennet is a woman of _______. .
A. simple character and mean understanding
B. simple character and good breeding
C. intricate character and quick wit
D. intricate character and great talent
16. In the conversation with Mrs. Bennet in Chapter One of Pride
and Prejudice, Mr. Bennet uses a ________ tone and sarcastic
A. solemn B. harsh C. intimate D. teasing
17. Jane Austen presents most of the problems of the novel, Pride
and Prejudice，from the _________ viewpoint．
A. masculine B. objective C. feminine D. neutral
18. After reading the first chapter of Pride and Prejudice, we can
find _______ in the author's tone, while presenting a seemingly
matter-of-fact description of the conversation between Mr. and Mrs.
A. bitter satire B．mild satire C. strong approval D. strong
19. In his poem, "Ode to the West Wind", Shelley intends to present
his wind as a central ________ around which the poem weaves
various cycles of death and rebirth--- seasonal, vegetation, human
A. concept B. metaphor C．symbol D. metonymy
20. "Those ungrateful drones who would／Drain your sweat —nay,
drink your blood?” The word “drones” in the above two lines written
by Shelley is used as a(n) _________.
A. irony B. synecdoche C. metonymy D. metaphor
21. William Wordsworth, a romantic poet, advocated all the following
A. the using of everyday language spoken by the common people.
B. the expression of the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings
C. the humble ad rustic life as subject matter
D. elegant wordings and inflate figures of speech
22. In the poem “She Dwelt Among the Untrodden Ways”, the ending lines
go like this: “But she is in her grave, and, oh, / The difference to me!” The
word “me” in the quoted lines may probably refer to _______.
A. the poet B. the reader C. her lover D. her father
23. In S. T. Coleridge’s poem “Kubla Khan”, “A sunny pleasure dome with
caves of ice” _______.
A. refers to the place where Kubla Khan’s father once lived.
B. vividly describes a building of poor quality
C. is the gift given to a beautiful girl called Abyssinian
D. symbolizes the reconciliation of the conscious and the unconscious
24. “Wherefore, Bees of England, forge Many a weapon, chain, and
scourge, That these sting less drones may spoil The forced produce of your
In the above stanza quoted from Shelley’s “A Song: Men of England”,
Shelley employs a(n) ___________ .
A. simile B. metaphor C. oxymoron D. synecdoche
25. Which of the following is NOT a quality of the west wind described by
Shelley in his poem “Ode to the West Wind”?
A. Wild. B. Tamed. C. Swift. D. Proud.
(Complete each of the following statements with proper words or
phrases according to the textbook.)
1. The Romantic poets demonstrated a strong _______ against the
dominant modes of thinking of the 18th-century writers and
2. In a sense, we can say that Romanticism designates a literary
and philosophical theory that tends to see the _________ as the
very center of all life and all experience. individual
3. William Wordsworth defines poetry as “the ________ overflow of
powerful feelings, which originates in emotion recollected in
4. William Blake can be regarded as the first important romantic
poet, showing a contempt for the rule of reason, opposing the
_______ tradition of the 18th century, and treasuring the
individual’s imagination. classical
5. Byron has _______ European poetry with an abundance of ideas,
images, artistic forms and innovations. enriched
6. By contrasting the freedom of ancient Greece and the
enslavement of the present Greece in "The Isles of Greece", Byron
appealed to the Greek people to fight for _______. liberty
7. Shelley's poem, "Ode to the West Wind", is
written in the form of _________.
8. "Ode to a Nightingale" expresses the contrast
between the happiness of the natural world and
the agony of the ______ world. human
9. "Ode on a Grecian Urn" shows the contrast
between the ______ of art and the transience of
human passion. permanence
10. In the first part of the novel Pride and
Prejudice, Mr. Darcy has _________ opinion of
the Bennet family. low
Define the literary terms listed below
2. Byronic hero
F. Reading comprehension:
(For each of the quotations listed below please give the name of the
author and the title of the literary work from which it is taken and
then briefly interpret it.)
"It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in
possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife.
However little known the feelings or views of such a man may be on
his first entering a neighborhood, this truth is so well fixed in the
minds of the surrounding families, that he is considered as the
rightful property of some one or other of their daughters."
2. "For oft, when on my couch I lie
In vacant or in pensive mood,
They flash upon that inward eye
Which is the bliss of solitude;
And then my heart with pleasure fills,
And dances with the daffodils."
3. "A violet by a mossy stone
Half hidden from the eye!
—Fair as a star, when only one
Is shining in the sky."
4. "The shadow of the dome of pleasure
Floated midway on the waves;
Where Was heard the mingled measure
From the fountain and the caves.
It was a miracle of rare device,
A sunny pleasure dome with caves of ice!”
5. "The isles of Greece, the isles of Greece!
Where burning Sappho loved and sung,
Where grew the arts of war and peace,
Where Delos rose, and Phoebus sprung!
Eternal summer gilds them yet,
But all, except their sun, is set."
6. "O wild West Wind, thou breath of Autumn's being,
Thou, from whose unseen presence the leaves dead
Are driven, like ghosts from an enchanter fleeing."
(In this part you are asked to write a short essay
on each of the given topics. You should write no
more than 150 words on each one. Therefore,
you should concentrate on those most important
points, try your best to be logical in your essay,
and keep your writing clear and tidy.)
1. Analyze Keats's poem "Ode on a Grecian
2. Comment on the theme and imagery of
Shelley's poem "Ode to the West Wind".
3. Analyze and comment on the heroine,
Elizabeth Bennet in Pride and Prejudice.