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How to make pillar votive candles


									What you will need:
   Wax (Pillar of Bliss Votive/Pillar Wax )
   Coloring (you choose: color blocks, liquid dyes, powder dyes, color chips)
   Pouring pot
   Fragrance (oil-based, 100% concentrated and designed for candlemaking) – You’ll need 1 oz. to 1.5oz. of fragrance
    oil per pound of melted wax.
   Candle Additives (vybar 103) optional (UV Light Protector) optional
   Heat source (stove, hot plate, oven)
   Melting heat source (you choose: turkey roaster, presto pot, hot water heater) The turkey roaster that I am referring to
    is an electric unit with a heat control knob on it. It holds 25 lbs. of wax. Hamilton Beach sells theses at stores like K
    Mart, and Ames.
   Stainless steel measuring cups and measuring spoons (fragrance oil will eat through plastic measuring cups)
   Stainless pitcher for transferring your melted wax from your roasters to your pouring pots on the stove
   Wooden spoons
   Votive Molds
    Pan at least 13 X 9 with 1/2" water in it (This can hold 2 pouring pots at a time). This will be used as your double
   Wicks (CD wicks or Zinc core wicks work the best with WOW Wax)
   Safety glasses
   Candy thermometer
   A room temperature environment of about 70 degrees - No drafts and no fans running.
   Work clothes
   Floor mats or cardboard for your floors
   Scales for weighing wax
   Hot Glue Gun and Glue Sticks (optional)
Procedure to follow for making 4 pounds of candles
  1.   Weigh 4 pounds of Pillar of Bliss wax on a scale.

  2.   Turn your oven on 150 degrees F. Put your empty metal votive molds on a tray and put them in the oven to get warm. You want
       your molds to be about 150F when pouring into them. You never want to pour hot wax into a cold mold because this will cause
       your wax to set up too quickly and your candles will develop jump lines.

  3.   Put 1/2" of water in your 13 X 9 pan on the stove. Set your temperature setting on your stove to low to medium. Get your
       pouring pots, color, additives, fragrance, votive molds, and wicks ready for the candlemaking process.

  4.   Put the 4 pounds of Pillar of Bliss wax into a clean pouring pot.

  5.   Put the pouring pot in the 13 X 9 pan that is on the stove, and allow your wax to melt. You never want to melt wax with the
       pouring pot directly on the heat source. This can become a fire hazard and/or can result in your wax becoming scorched. If your
       wax becomes scorched, it will smell like burnt oil or like burnt fuel. If you notice that your wax smells like this, it is ruined. You
       cannot correct wax that has become scorched.

  6.   Check the temperature of your melted wax periodically with a candy thermometer. You will want to get wax up to 195 degrees F.
       Be careful not to get your wax too hot or it will become scorched (as mentioned above).

  7.   Add 1-10 drops of liquid candle dye to the melted wax. Stir. When using liquid candle dye, we suggest never using more than 10
       drops of dye per 4 pounds of melted wax. Using more than that will cause your candles to smell somewhat like chemicals. If you
       desire rich, dark colors, you may want to use candle blocks instead of liquid candle dye. It is at this time you can add candle
       additives to your melted wax. For this particular wax, you can use ½ tsp. vybar 103 per 4 pounds of melted wax. You may also
       want to add UV light protector to your candle wax; especially if the color of the wax will be blue, purple, or pink. These colors can
       easily fade when exposed to sunlight or other UV light. Make sure that you don’t over do it with the vybar. While vybar can
       increase a candle’s scent throw, using too much vybar can inhibit scent throw. You never want to use petrolatum in any
       molded candles because you will not be able to get your candles out of their molds!
8.    Remove pouring pot from heat and allow the temperature of the Wax to drop to 180 degrees

9.    Add 1 oz. to 1.5 oz. of fragrance oil per pound of melted wax to your melted wax mixture. Line up your molds on the edge of your
      counter. Pour the molds in the front first...allow those to set up until you see a creamy film on the top of them, and then move them
      back and pour your next row of molds in front of the ones that are setting up. When it comes to votives, there are several problems
      that you may encounter. Votives have to be poured twice because votive wax sinks after the first pour. On your first pour, fill your
      votive molds until there is only 1/16" of the mold not filled. If you completely fill your votive mold, you will end up with a sloppy
      second pour. If you pour your votive molds below the 1/16" mark, your votives may appear to show where you did your second pour.
      For the absolute best results, you will want to save enough wax from this first pour to do your second pour. 4 lbs. of wax tends to
      make approximately 32 candles. It is a good idea to keep that in mind so that you stop pouring when you hit the 32 mark. That way
      you have enough wax left over to do your second pour. Set this pot aside (not on a heat source) for your second pour.
10.   Votives set up relatively quickly so you will want to get started straightening your wicks and centering them in the molds. Wicking
      candles is much easier when you use the pretabbed prewaxed zinc core or CD type wicks. Allow your candles to cool a little while
      until you see that the bottom of the votive mold has about 1/4" of candle setting up. Now, straighten your wicks, and place them in
      the candle.... properly centered. The wicks will actually stick to the bottom of the containers. If you try to wick your candles too
      soon, your wicks will move position and will not be properly centered. If you wick your candles too late, your wicks will not migrate
      to the bottom of the container.
11.   Allow your votives to cool at room temperature for approximately 2 hours. Then you are ready for your second pour. Avoid pouring
      your second pour before this 2 hour period because you may get sinkage on your second pour as well. Waiting too long after your
      first pour to do your second pour may result in your votives appearance revealing that you poured them twice. Place your pouring pot
      containing your left over wax from your first pour on the stove and allow the wax to reach 160-165. Do not add any extra fragrance to
      this wax because it may cause your second pour to be a different color than the first pour.
12.   Now, go through and straighten all of your wicks...but do not break the wax when doing this. Pour your second pour only up to the
      level of your first pour. If you go beyond the first pour fill mark, the wax has a tendency to go behind the first pour and may cause
      little bubbles in your candles. This may not sound like a terrible problem, but these tiny little bubbles will turn into tiny little
      holes.....and customers will not like them!
13.   Allow candles to cool at room temperature, and pop them out of the molds. Store finished votives in an air tight container so that
      they maintain freshness.

14.    If you are making larger than votive-sized molds, you will follow the same instructions as listed above, but there are two differences:
      (1) You will need to poke holes in your candle after your first pour is set up about 1/2 way in order to release any air pockets, and (2)
      Larger molds will probably require several repours.
                    Votive Troubleshooting Guide
Problem                                Cause                                 Solution

The colors of my votives are fading.   Exposed to sunlight or fluorescent    Candles that are blue, purple, and
                                       lighting                              pink may change color in sunlight or
                                                                             when exposed to fluorescent light.
                                                                             UV light protector should be used
                                                                             when making your votives.
The wicks on my votives are going      Something is clogging your wick.      Things like crayons, pigments, and
out when burning.                      Your candle came in contact with      mica can clog candle wicks. Make
                                       water.                                sure that you only use coloring that
                                                                             is specifically formulated for candle
The color is not mixing with my        You did not heat your wax hot         Make sure that you never use soap
candle wax.                            enough for the coloring to dissolve   coloring or food coloring when
                                       into the wax. You are using the       making candles. If you are using the
                                       wrong kind of coloring.               correct kind of coloring, then try
                                                                             heating your wax hotter and stir the
                                                                             mixture thoroughly.
My votives do not have any scent       You did not use enough fragrance.     You should be using 1-1.5 oz. of
throw.                                 You used too much vybar. You are      fragrance per pound of melted
                                       not using a large enough wick.        candle wax. Using too much vybar
                                                                             can bind your scent. You may need
                                                                             to use a bigger wick.

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