Early 19th Century Literature

Document Sample
Early 19th Century Literature Powered By Docstoc
					Early 19th Century
    Literature
           Romanticism
• Imagination / emotion over reason
  (Fantasy)
• The beauty of the simple life
• Connection between Death and Nature
• Freedom and innocence
• The “natural” man
• Celebration of living and basic human
  emotions
         Romantic Influences
• German romantics of the 18th century
  (Goethe)
• Medieval and Classical stories and
  mythology
• The new hopes of democracy
• Often related to Transcendentalist ideals
• “Fireside Poets”:
  – Longfellow
  – Whittier
        Transcendentalism
• Very Religious, but very
  untraditional
• Connection to God through nature
• There is more to the world than can
  be seen
• Intuition
• New measures of intellect
• Individualism
• The “Oversoul”
   Transcendentalist Influences
• Ralph Waldo Emerson
• Henry David Thoreau
• Connection to Romantic writers of the time
  period
• Eastern and Native influences
• Reaction against:
  – Strict Puritan ideas about religion
  – Emerging scientific skepticism
       Anti-transcendentalism
• Promoted a harsh, realistic view of the
  world
• “Man Vs. Nature”
• Focused on sin/evil, the dark side of Man
• Moral responsibility
• Hawthorne
• Melville
Washington Irving (1783 – 1859)
                 His Life
• First American writer to achieve
  international prominence.
• Trained as a lawyer.
• Wrote history, law, newspaper articles,
  short fiction and novels.
• Toured Europe from 1815 – 183.
• Gained interest in European Literature.
       His Fictional Works
• Influenced by German Romantics like
  Goethe.
• Wrote “Sleepy Hollow” and “Rip Van
  Winkle” in 1820.
• Wrote Travelers Tales (Devil and Tom
  Walker) while still in Europe.
• Celebrated the uniqueness of American
  folklore.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:2
posted:11/7/2011
language:English
pages:17